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The Cumberland News Oct 27, 1915

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 .K  \  IN- TV ,;. V  \-  "'���������"'' V     I   ***  " (/  /  -,'(S;-r  ''m  'fit  .a..1.*!  -,S.j  ���������CS I  >  -3      -^g,   &__^  ii  .ca.  ������j2*.vO������sf  Oevot������d j3������ptso_������ily to tlie Interests of Cumberland and Surrounding Di_������tfiat-  wo ia ������(5vsrw_?tTinrw������������swA>������*jra������^nw ***-  SS  .;r_ui Ni-:wa, Twknty-First Vka>i  CUMBERLAND, B. C. WEDNESDAY,   OCT. 27  Subscript 1 ox $1.00 a Yrab--  :3r^������r*vT*!v������^^���������i:!a^=������T*T*ws^  ������Mfa_i-B-..m_������ft_3 =usxk-umr  vwrwmiwi&iKKwnrw h  EW-'MUIZWrAVM  Y������ li con depend on  Ht, style and. work-  manship when you  buy Coppley, Noyes  & Randall's Suits;  they are guaranteed  to o-jve you   satisfac-  o  ���������We' will be- pleased  to show you our com  plete range of Suits  and Overcoats made  by this firm.   'v  iMli'N'JS NEW   STIFF IIATS  in tlie'm-wesi shape; our price is vi<jlu  ���������   Men's Soli l-'ck   Hais^-a c.insixn-  ir.cnt of ilu*  la-.csi   American, i-'elts  have arrived,  MKX'S UNDER,VEAR.  ' for l he !'a!I.    "Stanfield's" ' and  'i'e'ii-  maii's .u the old pi ice.  Gent's Furnishings  '���������VICTORY FOLLuWS THE FLAG"  *   *   *  ES BY GATHERER  Bt Company, Lii'mited  ��������� "'���������..*���������-���������-  Bunsiiuiir Ave., Cumberland  Crothers Predicts Scarcity  of Labor  Ottawa, Oct., 22.���������Hon. T.  W. Crothers, Minis-1'.- of Labor,  predicts a scaicety of labor during llie cominf������ winter. Me sUu-  tes that big employers during  ilie winter mouths, including  the lumber companies, are looking lor 1; en <intl arc having a  hard time securing them, An  appeal is being made lo have  brought cast t.:e men who went  west, for the harvest.  Ottawa lunibeimcu aud liunb  ci men in New Brunswick are  appeal iny for men for lhe winter camps, Lnst winter the  camps had no trouble at gelling  men al low wages, but this wint*  er it is hard to get them at auy  price.  The minister slates that a new  system will have lo   be inuugur  ated by the  lumber interests if  they ure   to receive auy assistance in .securing men.   The sys*  tcm by which mm   are compcll*  t'd    in    lvi-ird     lli(>iu'.'i,!vi'4   nml  iL.ilL- ih.ij pijji!..'..������v.s fr;.:.;   l!.i'  companies' -must   be abolished  he declares.      It has been found  ~t'-r iincnflr pin' ���������������������������'���������   tbo end nl 'he  -season   lho men   have  been  in  debt to the   pnrlicuku  company  bv wliieh ihev  weie. t*m*,d*>-,cu.  Death of Mrs.  Wm. Potter  The death took place ou-  Thursday last, October 2 ist, of  Mrs. William Potter, wife of  Mr. William Totter, of Ihis city,  after a lingering illness. The  deceased lady had been bed-ridden for ihe' past four months,  suffering from paralysis to which  disease she succumbed ou Ihe  above date. The late Mrs. Poller had resided in Cumberland  for the past fifteen years, and  during that time made many  friends autLwas greatly respected by all who happened to make  her acquaintance. Mr. Potter  hti.s the smipaihy, of the comuuiu  ily iu his sad loss, nnd Tlie  Nkws joins wi'h his many  friends iu extending its deepest  sympathy.  The Reverend Father Mortens  officiated, Requiem Mass was  hold iu the Catholic Chinch on  Sunday morning, Oct. a.j'.h, aud  nt 2 p. in. a funeral service was  ;d*io held iu lhe church, after  which the fnneial college pm-  eecded to Ihe Cuuibcilaud Catholic cemetery lor interment.  The following gentlemen act  - 1  ��������� in .--,   .   ���������  ....   ....   j'.,,t.,^m v,,,,,  .lai.iij      1 liOHIti.i   1. tiie),   I-teh  Mc Fad yen, Patrick Dunne, Alex  .McKinnon, A. II. Peacey, Fred  Wilcox.  What, is Canada coming .to ?  Recently, we had   the   Davidson  C������ mmission sitting   in   Victoria  investigating.the? purchase of the  two submarines  by. Sir 1-icha.rd  McBride.. wlien   it Avas   proved  that they were built for the Chili   Government     for   ������818,000,  while vSir Richard agreed lo pay  $r, 150,000   (or  them,  although  tbey had been refused  and   condemned by   the Government of  Chile as noS being up lo the spe;-  cificatious; usually,1  when there  is ajuisfit, the'maker of the   ar"  tide is only too glad to get cost  of material, or even- lose i\\ on it,  if he can find   another customer,  -but Sir Richard evidently seeing  iu"it an opportunity   for  one of  his  ''grandstand",   speculative  exhibitions of his patriotism, did  not hesitate   to  spend  $232,000  O f~T lT^^1cOTie,s~Mcrne.v71'~niOf?'  ,0  than the-contract price,   $301100  of which it   wiis. admitted  was  Mr. Patterson's commission  on  the1 deal; -aitn'e, as he is cousicl-  to be, this smart American,   evid  ently. not much the best  of "the  deal, though when,  he tried  his  smartness upon the Commission,  Sir  Charles  Davidson   brought  him up with a lound turn.     Sir  Richard's appeal that the Liber"  ills should uot only be represent  ed   by   Council, but   that tlieir  leaders and editors should be cal  led aud given opportunity to tell  all   tney knew,   was   not. made  Until After Sir Charles had ruled   lhat   nothing   of   the   kind  would   be   allowed.   .Still,    Sir  Charles appears to be far  from  satisfied   that he had heard   the  truth, wheu he   said, "he would  continue the investigation iu the  liasi, and if necessary, again  re  tiun again,.lo   Victoria,   if   he  found it   advisable   lo . examine  further  witnesses,"    No   better  testimony of the valuo of a Can"  Sets  SPECIALS ;  in Ladies' Hand-knit Sweater  made-to-order in all styles with Sweater  Coat and Toque to match, in shades of red  browns, greens, blues, tango, white&.black  Special Value in. 32 inch  FLANNELETTES    ,  in neat stripes at  8 YDS. FOE $1.00  Another shipment of  Ladies'  Fall   IVI ill-  inery in Trimmed ancl Ready-to-wear Hats  in velvetsand felts. !  ttmxifii���������  iX_i_*^_CD_i_BBB������wr_.rJ>*_n  edo boat destroyers of the appro  ved "Acorn" type, in addition to  cruisers, the Niobe and Rainbow  and the other smaller  war  craft  in existence for  patrol-* service;  also, there could hove ,been   six  submarines   which  would  have  Beeu Built in Canada, and which  'cef fafill y"woul ct~luTve" been" InriitT  as they have become so- important an arm of tlie Navy, aiid today there would   have beeji still  another   big   cruiser   and    one  more destroyer, if,the  war   had  not hurried construction and pro  vided more than these.    The official records show that. I he  pre  preliminary call for  tenders   fov  vessels for the Laurier Canadian  Navy   was   published   in.Inly  1910;'seven firms'out  of nineteen replies, actually submitted  tenders, accompanied by certifi  ed cheques,  aud   the   condition  was   that   the   ships   Must , He  Uuilt in Canada; oue  agreed  to  built at Sydney, Nova Scotia,   a  dock 1000  feet,  long,   no   ieet  wide, 40   feet deep; another   lo  build the necessary clocks, etc. al  St John, N. IL; another  to reopen the old lioyal Naval Arson  ul nt Halifax, N, S.   fully equip  ped aud icmudelled; another ua  miugthe  site on the   St,   L������\t  rence  River,   where it   would  erect the plant,     Three others  not- believe in supporting home-  industry���������would rather buy for  eign mack- discarded submarines  at $242,000 above 'Uie contract  price for whicn they were origin  ally built.        ������ *    *  GATHERER  CARO OF .TKAN.KS  I fake. this, opportunity oi  thanking all the kind {yi?uds for  their sincere sympathy -..ni t.h_  occasion-of my recent pad, bereavement in lhe lo,������,s of.my win.-,  and c?'pftciaUy beg to-thank Aui.  l'iincip-1 and Teachers of" Cum-  lituJiiiuLliiUalic School,   :-.!"���������-._   :i*.c'  Tnistees.au'd   the   High   ,Sc;-.vo'i  Teacher'and his pupils, for ilvir  beautiful floral tributes, aAo out  ...If .the..person,���������.^vhp.citklrcs- side friends.  seel a  communication  to  me.       ,       ���������   .:   W'n.i/i.\:o i'r:v\'Ln  dated October1 25th,  wherein  certain charges are   inride, will  sign    his   communication,  the  charges 1 herein made  will   be  fully investigated.  C. J.  I'ARNHAM  Mnyor  City 11 ail, October v,  27th,  1915.  -������r  adiau nnvy could be giveu than j.i-;ieed to'the time limit and nil  that of Sir Robert Horden's, at aether stipulalions, including  meeting, at London, Ontario, on building in Canada.    So  it will  September 281I1, last, wheu he  said iu part, ''all we had at lhat  time lo djfend our Pacific Coast,  was one .Japanese ship, oue llrit-  i>h cruiser, one Canadian train'.'  Ing ship, manned, I am proud to  say, by youug Canadians,   taken  ] leaseholders wishing' to have their names  on the Voters' List, of  the City of Cumberland (or the year 1916  must register on or he  for* the 3 1 st day of October, at 5 p. m. The  last tlay ol October  being Sunday, registration may be   made  'A choice lot of L_idi'LV ami  Crt'iiileincuV, Linen Fabr-ic'Vi.,'.!  iug UirdjJ, put up in ui-ul tvjic  any style you wanv. W,e wiil  print the above for a sho:t time  o-4-lf, at reduced prices.���������-Thi-  CtjMniuii.AND Nkws.  , We l>eg to draw the atv-iition',  of the readers of this paper to tin  error which appeared- in C'uup-  bcll Hro.s,, Advertisement .in our'  last i.-wie, regarding tht price oj  I'Uunelc-tto.; 'n ^hoisld have  read, IvIGHT Vl)S I'OR ONI-  DOLLAR iuste.-id of lour doll,us  Laid ot   Rest '  _������������������jy���������  The funeral ul" the late Alf������  red William Saunders, (aged  i 6 yt.:;irsi <S mum!.;; .aid a days)  onl) Mil ofiVL'. a:i-.l >1 Q.u:nd.  ers of Wrist CumlniHand, took  |.ilm,e on Mor.riay aiternoon, ai  3 ocloek, for interment in Cum  Until    Monday,     -Nov- hn-hindcemr-tery.'  - On tiiv  ember  ist, at,  5  p. m,  be stcu that seven firms, some ol  the largest shipbuilding con  cerus in the world, were will  ing to undertake to build a Caua  di.an Navy, with Cauadian Wink  men   and    guaruu'ee   delivi-iy.      ^;y, John Wier, of this  (���������!'  which   meant   thnt   we   should ��������� lice, recuived  a  ionti' ilisiar.ee  iu WfiA raw*, tvein the otdiuaiy Amw have'had :\ I'f.wVi \n N;i"������',' nrceM' n!'^n������" nvs,;:i'.r'*  on li*,i  The street corner at Fourth  Street and Dimsmuir Aviciine  was badly llooded during the  heavy rains,  <W *"������f   0   _���������!   Ill   >������---W������l.������*  !���������������! AUM> VM.W#NI)MI  Th  t*   eomnuiv   mu.-it   l;e:ird   lhe  men ami pay thcni   their  wages  at tlie end  of each  montn,   the  minister deelaies,  The suggestion has been  made  by   iufinvutiai  hnubenuen that  aliens iu tin- internment camps  be reh-.i--.ed anil put W) w<������lk ill  riie lumber camps. This will  not he considered unless lhe Uun  bcinu.ii can .show thai ihey have  done everything possible, to secure lab.ir at reasonable wages  land have faikd.  walks uf life, an authoritative  and striking acknowledgment  of th-i servi'.'t* ivmh-red bv what  the Consvivatives were factitious  ly pleased to c-dl a tin pot havy.  Had it uot been fcr the wreck  iug of the Lnurier Naval Policy  bv the Horden Government,   we  and   a high bii-v.nesu ol.di]inked  employing an nimy <-f men, had  Thursday evening  from   Mr*..  Wier, wivi is in   Victoria, it-  ������'m������   Libcia!*; Itimi   reinnu-d   in <-jiirr.iiini NTr.Wiftr in i������m ilnwn  1911; bul in obedience to the un  ik-rstanding with the auti naval  nationalists, the liurdeu,, (lyvcru  incut emiiely discarded the Libe  r.il ravy shipbuilding, alt! ough  to that eiiy immediaifily, a;> her  fatlicr. Mr. J. H. Mc(.irt*gor  who has been ill for some ii null ad got n turn for the worre,  lhe ih)t.li?r having   given  bin  lr'OI"NI) -- On thv    !{f.v������tmi-  rn:.ij. li Ili-d    Si-lU-r   \\-\'.     Vot  'infuruitiiinii ngarding   tn\i,t<,   ������p.  ply to   .1,    Willi������in������oii,    Aii-rto,  I!.  C.  .. .t^...~.~..~.  LOST    Abnul   two    mnnthr  r^d, n bull calf,  9  ������i*>i.i!;k.   old;  eulor, i������! h*i\\ with black   Miijc  .    *,      ... '.     '      *  A s<-,.,..twi ei &������, i.o wiil iic (Min  for the K-tutn of same, to R.  K.-ito, Roy-ton p'.rrii.  \*^m<**a**a*Ja*������t*i������������i������* *���������* ��������� w.vtr������tHkl *9***am**i0\**it f ^******nm _���������  ^55*  A-lA.  wc should loday lia\*c had fifteen | ii. had ngucd an-1  tommirn  ships  aibiiit; for it  would have ^elfto it -:.*>   a   p..i -\   iu   j  given us iu 1914 oue big cruiser   Hie C'omeu.i i-.-.-*   tvidclt-l> ������'.���������������  t>i tiie "liMstor1 cl.i^s; two to:p  ft:  i������    in''it.i    V -  iw;  rom late--t rep.ut.1  Ms  1/1  (Ireuor was still alirr, hut ven  low nu  leed.  (i< wi?:.   Snmplfc';  !'"re*.v   I.;n  tVoht'r..    <Jhipclhe.*, "Carj*..  i I )n rS nglt 1 n, \\ ������gJtt n ti. THE STEWS. CUMBTCHLAND. I?. C  ������  Shrapnel Shells !    Barb Wiro In3-ries  This  Shell   is  the   Deadliest   Missile  Ussd in Warfare Y&  Ii lias boi-ii calculated that if one  iiiuii v������ere l'-.riuiivd,. lo make, a shrap-  i ul sh !': it v.-on Id take liim live clays,  working eight hours, a day, the cartridge ease and ihe powder being already supplied io liim, The making oi"  high .explosives ii therefore an extremely difficult, business, requirihg  ��������� lhe minutest care and precision. '_\  badly-made shell is more than u shell  wasted or ii shell'tl:at explodes nt the  wrong'time- It may destroy the gun  from winch it js discharged.��������� ami in?  piany,, oases t Uis" wouH'Ub'e the equivalent from a military point of view' of  ihe loss of a hundred men. It is plain,  therefore1; that, inspection cannot Im  proper   Treatment   of   Animals' With  Barb Wire Wounds  -This is the season of the yenr  wlien .stockmen are most frequently  annoyed with harh wire injuries to  their horses- .lust a few "things to,  hear in mind at suciv limes have?'been  suggested by Br. A. S Alexander, Wisconsin: , a  "After a barb wire accident do not  apply axle grease or any rancid'obit-  'meut to the wound. Wash-the wound  thoroughly with0 wanh' water." Then  clip the li'alr ifs-* close as, possible  around il, und wash,again lo remove  any hair'or other foreign ' substance.  '���������'When sand or hair has lodged iu  the depths , of- a deep cut never use  t  wet, sponge to clean it out.  Use a  too thorough, for it'is'eoiieeivable tliat S \>U]A' oi ,;'bso-rl?eI.11l  ,,otlon  ov��������� cotton  a .battle might' be lost through some j h*,!!,Ui^   -1 !lf,ni will lie much less risk  apparently  trilling  mechanical  defect  in lh,> ,sh"oll,    The.'worhmeiiAvho are1  (,.\>g:ig.il  ill  ihis  business?  are doing <fi*.itc  ai  lhe from  to  country's anus.  . Skr. piiel   is  therefore.  as in itch as 'lhe men  bring yiciory to Iheir  ,o  named after' I.lent,  ll.-nry Shrapnel,'of the British lioyal  Artillery, who devised ihe, explosive,  having "received his inspiraiiou at lhe  tdege of Bibrultar in 1781. The lirst  test was made in 18011, uiui the' weapon was,used successfully against the  I'retieh ut Yimieru in lp.ti_. The first-  ,.-iirapnol was spherical in form, and  was filled wiilAbulIets anil a bursting  charge of power. On occasions rusty  nails, stones and all fiorls of metallic  "rubbish' have been employed instead  of bullets, bin when.i! i.s possible'10  get lead bullets or steel-covered lead  bullets they are preferred. Shrapnel  leaches the maximum of deslrbcllve-  uess, probably, in the famous .7a guns j ' '   ���������: '  or;the fronch artiUery. Tho shells of; Revenue From War Stamps  this siiin are iluve inches in diameter, j v ���������        \       '    .  ��������� and  "the  maximum   range    is   about i '     , ���������     ���������"7  S.500 metres, but in genera! practice I Decrease in Volume'of- Mail Matjter  the range is about (i,000' metres.   Tho j -    as Result-of Economy .'  best infantry has an elfective range of, The ottuwr. Morning Citizen savs:  only about a third of this distance, -sjne-e--the imposition of (be war tax  The shrapnel   bullet,    moreover,    ;������   on letter and postcards, the volume of  , heavier  and "therefore  more,  deadly . IllaU aiattir-posted in Canada has de-  than the.nllc bul el. creased hy about 30 per cenl. The war  . lo make,,his lut the-iiilantrymnn ,ax������wag expected' to add a little over  must   see> Ins  mark,     lhe    sslirai>ncl | nftv per t.exil. l0 lhe post office, but, fn  of infection.  "It wjli be useless" io put stitches  in a wound that,, is very deep, or  ragged, or lhat is'located iA a place  mu in perfect rest when the animal  is making natural movements.  "Dry dusting powder has a healing effect on barb wire \youiid.-i and  6ther'.large, moist cuts mill abrasions.  Such a powder "may be prepared {  cheaply by mixing ., together equal}  parts of slaked llmo, sulphur, and  charcoal.  '������������������Prevent lock-jaw'dangers in., null  wounds of the hoof by opening them  up freely, wliieh provides drainage for,  serum and-pus. Saiurui,' witlv-a solution of corrosive -sublimate and water, in-< the , proportion of 1 to 500.  J Cover with dusting .powder, absorbent,, cotton, and a bandage..  treatment should bc, repeated  until'live wound i.s healed.''  Learning to Ride  Many a Good Horse Ruined by Harsh  Treatment of the Mouth  Far too ' few boys and girls are  properly instructed in ilie manner in  which they should use the reins when  learning to ride, or when learning a  pony to become useful under the saddle. A reader of (he National Stockman and Farmer recently wrote and  said: "In yonr saddle horse column  reference is made to 'light hands.'  Will you please explain what ismeant  by this','" The reply made was as follows;  "Through (lie mouth ihe'rltier gains  the confidence of his mount, anil by  the. same means ihe rider imparts n  fear on the part of tiie hor.se. The  mouth is extremely sensitive nnd  many a good horse has been ruined by  harsh troaimeiil.'of the mouth in (lie  handling of the lines. Women are  more apt -to lnivo light hands than men  and lhat is the reason for many of the  sueef-ssful horsewomen. When a colt  gets, a sore moulh he should be r-.n  object- of much concern. The saddle  horse should give pressure.  Ghosts of the Ocean  Strange Tales of the Mysteries of the  Deep  The nunibei 'of phantom ships is legion. Several of these vessels,.wliich  were wrecked in' close proximity to  ihe scene" of (he Tilantic disaster are  oven said to reappear in,the same-spot  on certain occasions. The Packet  Light is ono of these, and the story  runs that whenever a storm is  threatened a ball of lire emerges from  the spot' where the ship sunk, -which  presently forms itself into the shape  of a .vessel;-.ami then .sinks, and disappears.  King George V- and his brother,  ihe late .Duke-of Clarence, when ou  their cruise in the Bacchante l'vom  187P io JS8-, are stated to have seen  the phantom of the. Flying- Dutchman, aud ihe Duke mentioned the  fact in his diary under (hue of July  11.  1SS1.    ��������� * ���������  , A ihrce-uiastec! frigate is said to  haunt (lie Knglish Channel iu the vicinity of the Ower -"lightship whenever a gale or snowstorm is threatened.    Hundreds of  people  have  do-  Telephones in War  .lohn'S. Rare;.-, _S���������7-1Siji>, the noted'1, dared ihat ihey havo seen the uppar-  This  daily  horse lamer, advocated 'feeling the  moujir al all limes. Uis success was  achieved simply by the use of kindness, lie (aught kindness in handling  animals lo the people, of two continents, and through him, in'a great measure, came down to us the principle of  .'light hands.'  "It is desirable lo permil |hc horse  to make the advances, which is to say  that one should take- what pressure  the horse gives ancl no more, lf he  gives none his nior.tli should be built  np by the use of a soft snaffle.v 11 .is  desjrabie for a saddle horse to enjoy  his" work, and he never can do, it if  he is afraid of his mouth. Extreme  mouth' pressure should be. avoided.  When a horse pulls he generally carries a rider who pulls.    The ma-.iipu-  it ion and heard the cries of tht ghost  ly passengers. It is sometimes said  to be the phantom of the train ing  ship Kurydice, which went down off  lho Isle, of Wight on March _-l, .1878,  involving ihe loss of about *J0u lives.  There are a host of vessels which  have not been heard of since they  sailed, but one of the most marvellous  stories concerns the .Marie Celeste, a  .��������� reach passenger sailing ship. Slie  was sighted, by the British ship Highlander on October'.ith, 3$7f>, and in  repiy���������lo Die signals gave the answer  "All's well.-' Two days later when  sighted.slie did not reply, Slie was  hoarded, but not a living or iWd person was found on board . '  Everything was'    in  perfect order;  nncheon was laid  ih tho saloon, the  nearly spent  Us velocity,   lhe shrap-  ....,���������    u,e.   flrat .four Months of llw  nel, omihe contrary, at the moment   0pP'rat_on of tne war fax" the depart-  -.renter velocity than ,men(/s revenuc has increased bv.l,-  it hursts has a  ,on the momc-nt it leayes the ih������Kzle l.ioo.nuO. or'about 30 per cent., as'com-  of the gun.    In other words   ���������'  -~ ���������*'���������  1 hough a cou  men liad  be  ���������ported ,.to    the ' very midst   of   the < stamps- ^y ���������hcqueS,   ' lflonev  orders,  -enemy and there lire.d,, upon them.  '> :0.tc. Th0e. minister of finance estimated  shrapnel shell has been called a suti.'last  sesslon lhat (he- -,?-- lax >Vonl_J  within ���������a gun, ami w.th me exception ' brftlg hl  an iuWi,ionai reve.nue frofif  j ���������*   * .     . uuu,i'vv.   ui   tuji'ui u>/.i;ci   i;t-i;i.,  us  i;uui-  . In other words, itas as ,���������,rC(l wjth the correspond'.ng period  ���������otiple ol hundred infantry-! )ust- <>oar< A lur,_ part" of Ahis ��������� in-  leuii  mstaiuanemilsy trans- ]c..eas<?  i,0\Verej-.,is due to (lie sale of  lation of the lines leading to tho'two j pergonal belongings of the passengers  bits should bo a study on the part of; and crew were intact, and a bottle  the rider,- as mouths vary. Riding a | <_>_ medicine was found upright, on the  horse is not like rowing a boat. You .captain's locker. ���������The log had been  Uo-note have to work your own way. , \WVi   (*0Wi-,  u>  the  previous  day, but  i Russian.  Noted  of the torpedo is the mofit deadly and  complicated weapon ' that has over  been-devised.    Contrary to '.the coni-  kA-  inonv> men    irhtr"nree"~ot--nve-  -i^JrH)*  shell does not hurst whe'n-Uie bullets  -are discharged,   The head of the shell.  continues .its (light, and, only after it  lias come in contact wiifi ,a solid ob-  ' jecl- does   this   head, . whica   also is  etiuipped   with a number of steel-clad  (bullets,   burst    into   a hundred frag-  ''ments.    In    other wQrds; the modern  blu-apiiel   fires  Iwice,  once  \vlien   the  time fuse'operates," which may be at'  'i.DDd yards, ami again when the shell  strikes,    wliich' may be a  couple  of  thousand' yards further on,  A shrapnel shell, is on the outside,  merely a huge .cartridge, perhaps IS  inches long and three inche(s thick, ll  is discharged by" a percussion' cap  operating on a charge of black pow  twenty 10 twenty-live million, dollars.  Pre-.ent "indications,arc that the special taxes will not aggregate more (ban  "hail rite uuicrrrntr���������El.%e-ire-l���������v&au 11���������������an-  not be exactly determined, in view of  ,the fact "that .dure is' no, means of  a-jcerlaining whal^ t.he flro.*- in revenue would; have been had'no extra  tariff or stamp taxes been ''imposed."  Canadian 'Gallantry  Heroic Deeds of Officers and Men at  Ypres Go Without Note  Dr. Benjamin Itand, ' in a letter to  ilu- London Times, claims that loo Utile attention haa be?n given to gallant  deeds of individual Canadian officers  and men who fought at Ypres, am!  goes on 'to Instance (he ease of Lance  iler,'    which    in    turn   explodes   the i Corporal Alley, of the JOIh    Brigade,  smokeless powder, which is tlie real | <--oi'p. Allen, he says, was awarded the  On (heather hand it. is a secret of  successful exhibition ring riders that  they permit the horse lo do it all. He  knows what pressure he wants, and  above anything else in ihe world .he  appreciates and is responsive.'to r.  light, steady and quiet pair of hands.  If he lights you. do not light, back;  h "is cf supu'ior slrcngt'.i and wil!  win in the long run.   '  "A horse studies the rider's hands.  This being true how essential is it. for  the rider to study the horse's mouth,  intelligent, horses will resent harsh  tv.-atiiient of (he mouth by rearing,  and this is (he most, dangerous act to  both horse and rider. When in the  saddle have -.your mind upon, your  work or pleasure, as Uie case may be,  and be, as smart as the horse and a i  little bit sniancr if possible. Be patient, be ..kind, be .gentle,; and remember lhat you are communicating  ���������to���������ttre*-i ve rse^-fl t���������a 1 nio g t���������e-v-fti-y���������s.t,ep-4-������~-���������-  tliroiigh- the four lines, which to him sucU->  are nothing ��������� more or less than tele-  phono wires. For Ihis. reason the  saddle horse more quickly ilv.in any  other type of a horse learns your desires  and  performs accordingly."  thore was nc entry to .account for  the mysterious disappearance of all  on board- Nothing was heard-afterward of any of the" passengers or the  crew.���������Lomio.i  Standard.  Russian Horse Trade  Help the Wounded  One thing this country absolutely  owes lo'the men who are lighting it's  battles in France and Belgium. Those  who are so wounded as to be in auy,  way incapacitated or to lose any part  Horses   Enjoy   an   Excellent  Reputation * -'  ['or tlieir hardihood, stamina,  and general soundness���������for th.y are  not coddled in their youth���������Russian  horses certainly enjoy an excellent  reputation. They are bred, of cours\  in immense numbers, and in normal  times their export is considerable,.  During lhe present war tbey have  proved their utility iu the cavalry  nuft other branches of the service;  and it is related that the Germans  never fancy the job of facing t.he Cos-  ~\rh"o ri-B-^-^voirderf-nlly-���������good-  liorses,. and know how to make the  best of them. It is interesting to  note, moreover, says the Live Stock  .lournal lEng.), that during recent  years the. export of horses from Russia, has shown a decline?; Althoug'i,  for obvious reasons, ihe official figures for ]{114 aro not as yet made-  up, those, for 11)1 it indicate a. downward tendency. For'example, in the  last mentioned year 5,fU4 horses were  exporled from Riga as against .5.9.7  in HB2; and the value of ibis export.  of their earning power must  be pro-(is given, roughly as J.OIM.OOO roubles  vided  for mil  of the iiation.r   funds.! A rouble equals 2s. Hi), so that read  'propellatit. Half-way down tho carl-  ridge, iir ai the ba'so of that purl of  it which leaves Ihe gun? is a rjin of  copper, Being a great deal softer than  steel, this copper, band when forced  through tlie gun is cut by lho stool  rilling, and a spinning motion imparted to -the shell, which increases  the precision of aim. Before the gun  i.s discharged the lime fus;������ is set, and  the discharge ignites it. lf il has been,  timed for, say l.tlOO yards, this means  D.C.AI. two months ago, hut (he brief  official record of his deeds didn't do  him justice, as,the following report of  one of hi-s superior officers will testify:  "1 will give, you some Idea of whal  Allen did. Our machine guns were  all in one particular strip of trench,'  In one htvir or so all the machine  guns were mil of action except, one,  Allen wiis sluiuling on, so you ca:i  Iniaplno what it. was when I toll you  was the only man left in lhat  the trench, and it  hail  prob-  There nitisi not be Ihe faintest shadow  of a possibility that any man who has  lost a limb or had his nerves shattered  iu his country's service will become  dependent upon charily. The war has  been in progress for a year. Many of  onr men hnve been al the. from for  six months and longer, and ihe prob  ers with ������ liontl for figures nijiy calculate-what these horses-���������including  perhaps, a number of ponies���������are  worth at the port, of shipment..From  Libau also conies (he same story of a  diminishing trade in, horses; amW  writing from thai, port, Mr. Vice-Con-  sill C A. Hill slates:  "The export of  ihnl after the complete shell has tra-jtbut lie  \cli-il  IIV- seconds another charge ofiPJti't  f,t  black powder in lhe base of Ihe sh<*U j :������hly held about lorly bleu.      ���������      ,  vill' hi- exploded. ,,"������������������������������������ ''.-Klit   ,   'j-'ast -������ inmiilcs 'on  This is ciillcil lhe bursting charge, : Ills own,'    lie had to set hh gun up  mu', it 7 this thai cxplodeii Ihe builds | iwo or Hire- times, and when li was  '���������h lira, embedded  in u matrix of | linally" suiaMicd ly a  slidi bo  weni  ������ nn  re/iu',    The    rem an    I'or thus embed-1 i'!������"'-t the'h'eadi to the new  -.un am  ding ihe bullets Is lo keep Ihc-m from  moving when lravelling through tlu-llasl  air; ami lili-i) |iecau*-e when Ui<."l)l-.lH'j " ,  l..)\\ili'i- reach,-ii tin- resin it produeeH  a cloud of siiioke which murks tlie  poliu ol ili.'diiii'ge and lem the ob-  fairvi'i',-'. know ii the nhells are .burst-  ,n,,/, ia ilu AA1 A''-'.' rndi'-nirb''il  by ihl'.i explosion iii Hn- rear, lhe head  oi' Un- shrapnel continues Us tliglit  uulll ii nil-ike. a solid objei I, v. lu-.u  liu h i. anolher explosion nioru  ���������. 1.11- nt than the lirst, though scatter.  ! li-. fei   -r biill'-l-,   To iindi'i-slaiiil ibe  i  did lhe , KiiUe,    v.nh i|mi.    When (ho  gun was r.iiiur.lH-il   Allen  biur-ji'il  wiih liis rlllo until he was kill- J  ed.    lie  undoubtedly    ilesi-rvdl    ihei  V.C."  An  Aid  to Sleep  'Oddly Viiiiiii-b,' s.-iyi  "a cup of lid wt-iilt i  wiih lib niy of "vi-iuii  \iIII old ti help you in i  greaieful wariuili and  lhe libit.  Ihe blooi  a pii.'.-ickni,  'a   or  coiiee, t  and   KH|.'a���������r. \  h i']i,   for tlie '  Mtltllt'llIK    tol  lem of providing for the crippled  isi horses shows  a decrease each year;  possibly lhe compelition from Higa  may be Iho causa. As ninny (If not  more) horses are. now shipped 1o the  Continent as go to the United Kingdom. Probably lhe increase in the  motor car trade has been the real  causo., of llm falling off." Tlie following figures represent, llie exports  of lioi'������es from Lilian during the  vears named: 1. n, 7,Rii!i; 1!U_,' ii,-  748; BUI!, n.tKIS: and lhe value of  ihis I ra ue in .11'1'S" i?3 put down at  ������-11 .r-fiG, ������-'o that, thy average woiih  of these animals in lhe country of  production mny be got. al will) greater i use than in tin- previous Hiigg.Kl-  cd calculation, Tlicy are capable of  doing a ureal, deal of work, notably  In harness, and lliey do nol require  lill excessive qlllllllil.v of grain to  maintain Iheir efficiency, liiissiaii  punii-,-;, loo, ai'e especially appi'.'-efnied  ill certain quailcrs, having no work-  li;,      pll.i 11, ili'- .     llll-l     l-.eillg   I-.:'--;   In  already arising; It miisi be faced,  thoroughly and' promptly. Canadian  self-respect will make short, work of  any government which falls t������ do its  full duly on (his score. There is no  reason why lhe men should be a bur-  don on ihe community, there nro  many trades ui wliieh ihey can earn  a good living :.iul feel themselves independent if the neco'ssary training is  provided lor them and they .ire support id while receiving it. Tin. lime for  action  is now.    Beck's Weekly, .loin-  real.  Network of Wires That Connect the  Scene of Operations With Headquarters  The role played by telephone wire j:i  the war���������lo say nothing of the barbe"l  variety that protects a nearly 3,000-  mile batile front���������is prodigious. It becomes apparent, miles behind the line,  strung along all the routes leading to.  cominanding.'posts, through fields and  forests, on .tree poles, fence posts,  roofs, towers, windmills, forming a  network of communications/-in. which  only, tho, trained linemen can sea system and order. With aircraft the telephone wire has largely'replaced re-  connoitering parties and vedettes.  There is scarcely a skirmish, batile o.  artillery attack in which the wire  doesn't participate, sometimes in cooperation with aeroplanes, -'sometimes  without.-  Each - eo.-pi of Uie French army  has a certain numfiei' of motor car  telephone shops, each equipped with  two complete telephone installation:;:,  with four miles of wire, iuul au ad"-  qitiu'e number of ground slakes ami  forked pickets that may be stuck in  ih.- bayonet !;ookd of a'rille serving  as a. temporary pole, Kiich of these  out lils has also its wireless equipment  with aiitonnes-to reach a height of  sixty feet and a dynamo connected  will, the motor of the car to.furnish  the. current. It requires only a few.  minutes from arrival of the car to  set up (lie wireless out IK. and put it  in operation. The enemy's artillery  is constantly on (he waic.li for these  motoring wircmeu and occasionally  gets thcni,'  Their work enable'; observers to  ntilixe captive balloons and' every  point, of vantage���������:trees, housetops,  towers, windmills, straw stacks, or  extension posts raised by windlass _if:  ly. feet in the air and telephone information'to officers or to batteries posted miles behind. Perhaps the .most  effective work of all is done by the  wireless outfits that enable airmen to  send back precise information as to  the location of the enemy's batteries  or concentration of troops.  The wire ami the telephone are the  first objects of search when the.  enemy occupies a town, or a building, At Conipiegno, on their march  south after Charloroi;'.the first care  of the Germans was to ' cut nil the  wires and ��������� destroy all the telephone  and telegraphic instruments.  'The Hermans nre said to have, wired  the entire quarry region between  the Aisne and the Oise through their  i-ecrel agents before the war.������Al any  rate, wherever the French .have advanced in that region they say they  have found evidences of long preparation for wire communication between  farm buildings, cottages, mills, etc.,  occupied by spies and the German  batteries.  The "story is told of an infantry  picket, arriving at an isolated farm  house in thai region ' and finding  ���������a-n~o]f'i^v\ioiaaii_&eeiU-ingly. alone. Thev  asked, for water ��������� and food. - She"  swoi;e (.hat- she had nothing and insisted that il was useless to search.  Reluctantly die preceded the soldiers,  to a cellar, where there was nothing  but a few hogsheads standing on end.  One of them, bigger and higher than  tho rest, aroused the curiosity of the  sergeant 'in charge ol .tlio parly. In  .approaching he had the forethought  to level his revolver at the top ami'  in ibis manner get the drop on a man  inside with a revolver in -one hand  and a telephone in the oilier. All  the other hogsheads contained batteries,  uf  iIk   doniach,   drawing  niu it  and a way  fioiii III*-  ,irl that tbrupuel plus's iu thh war ll Mu-iid,  vill  pninui-e more ,<ooi!iiiii. ef- -. h  - , ... ,(.... -,, ..  .. i........  .i    ,i, ii    ..,- .....  I I,  i-  ol IV le ee  ���������������< nl, A iIn-  Mb ry lire,  (V    A I'M",   1!  :' ;    iin-i  in.II  ,ary to relied Mini ',������ pel  ', mind:1 cuisf'd are by nr-  In oin dav ':> act Inn nonh  ���������   Frelti-li   utlHlen     lin-it  il,,  Ol   Mle'lpm  etj;   Uian   I!),'   a'l-jui  I'l-ln    Will    pn-lllc  n."Ijefui ones,''  "l-'Oi-il  !.<   Hi" ,be  -.lift--,I       Bivudl}  b,l\e   :a!i"   litiii't'  niMiinil   nf eftf-  lunula! ing     iunI  "���������I  hypnotic fVi'i- in-  .-apeaklng,    ift   you  tha i  fop,* huuY*. at-  Making Gonp -P'roin Rugar  Tin* dbcovery is niiiioiiuced in au  Aiiislci'dtiui newspaper of a ip-.thed  of iiiiinni.tciiiiv of map from sugar,  of which (i.-rmiiny has plenty, ir,st",.:l  of fi'oin oil, Viliich is :-''-ii!-i:,', In iho  pawl if has been pm-.-lble to ii-ic sill.;-.,-  oui-,   in  ,-ioi.p.-,  tint    !...(|  lit:;,-   -. i.'-a-  _   B.v ihe new nu-lliDil. it is claimed, liu- i ,.!,���������;',,,, '|-or jj, ;, i;i-'iii-i*iil wav  sonp )ir.ii|uceii    is mn only' line and '  llclleulo,   bill   it   acts  us   eilteii'iiiis    ui i  salt   vvi(-,*er  a*i   rn   fn .-li    a   I'aci   iiiiil  may make ilu- soap -,alnablc for u.u-  Lie   n.iv,-.,    .\ili'-b -  ill i   A'.'i'H r'.y  had  io le- ri-ni  lo eheiiilial laiv.nlri>-.-  i"-\'\     HUW   be   Wn,-In il   v, lib   lin-   in vv  I  -11:-   li   tie  The Ntv.-spiiper antl the War  'l i.i   opinion l-������ nol  niu-ttiiiiiioii  w llu  ,     teiii-r.il' public  lb,it   wnrs  , "    : ;  n '���������   ':������������������',��������� r  pro-p' i-li'i-.  ,i.      Km:.  , flii   i:   hit  He    nf    Ih,'  > fl'l-   !-,     Hie  .- tin- liiri ei  "'A, l'.l-l  ,     illel-e )������������������ -,!  Iii ��������� (Ar!   Ie)> :.'l',ip,l   i'Jlt .,  < I-  fllli  .lit  II  I i I.Illlt. I.lllu  A.     A    77'.    A  l"ii<- idea i-.,    utile'  if circulation l.iku  om   item  un   ih  ir'i.'i.v, an.I  i'  l'-i  'il1  '������ ���������>:���������'  ici ny ilchtt lli-m.'! vv hie!- rr  ft   indirect   i'i')'ii!t   "-I   tin  ���������I,. ,���������., tt     I-l- la>l|,.1 |,������"  litihill������ll������  I'M- ('  s ,'ille   V, i'i"   i.������- i     1--  M,li<np  i.i   iei.'i'i-'a     ai i - 'i ; " ;  <������Mlie;'      The   l-'o.'.'lh   K luY ,  ;  ���������/'.Uf   Itevoli'd   I't   the   Mil- 1, ,���������'-.  daily   pie).-!   I'i   North   Am ie  \;t- h   .   ilia',    lb *    ' CVi' ji ,t������ "  l  -ilie,i   A <    A,  !ir.-������l  j.-.it   ot  Iir   war  ���������>��������� i re  tn������-    l-Ml'Jll    of  T < ,..���������   (IllVeivnt   .olliee,-. 'md  ...pjle      of   'hi-   f'ct   tb-,l   iii  .-Units vva> not  hivolv, t. In A  net- yniir iaI uieu  In ii ;.n ii-iii-iinllv  < -q.e. tally     il'    > ail  'ih'iit', to luticui'  du., i\,. !,...! d i\  i'   be t   ii)  ink--  a  1 ii.u lht-   ,-uppi r  ii foi" n'liriiiu.  ,  villi   bi-i-,pl   or  ,    -i I   at ,      .1      I .llllll', ii  'a  ' e|e eo1,i|e,    hoi    b|.e|'  toil ���������-..   tills   lni'ii  Ili'iU >- nlie,   uud  hate  dene    any-  .Mj-.trnelf,    or    to  y'lur  I ruin,  b  b-.lil, hot  and  at-  SOllle    i(e���������a,'|lp!l '11  bowl of lio! milk  enn kef",    Ml    O,"-!'-)'  th  hul1' milk  or  l.lll'l nf .nun, The I'n-.e-t Ki.nl i -if  sllk't, il |- all- -ed, ni,| onlv ,'iie |,.u  litti'ilicil hi it. but liuir riih')';* an-  bitiuuhl inn li.';l;iaiili> and a new,  III ada'illfell. llie siiu.ir-i-oap .-eeuis  be leiipoiisihl-  lui" a  liiiulmiiui  ot  1  wear mill  f;islliolli'il  I'iil' oi c,|. iniie-i   b.v  ch aiii-iii;.', fillip;-.  0  e  ll.ll-  o!  A  Time  pi-  i   i.ui.  fa.1^,  i-l;  III  ��������� I.  Ill'  '.       'I'      ���������  tll.lVt',  In.  ���������ll  ll  war  .������������������:;",'!"���������',-  ��������� Olliee,'.  *ct   lb-,1  lil>t   illVolV,   t.  ot  ibi'-if  fiii'in,   A   is  *>,-')  fn.m Mm- iiiik ".  j,<. i  ol  tin- i-iii-i-, ti.*  ('.;iily pres"* lf'-rt on the  .* ll-h.-Ul-Mi   .-t.<,.  10  vli  iii  '   ft  b\  1  '   Plitil-'   III'  III .      ,,,.  - uf ':,- ,()-  1   -lire     j,|,l'.  I  I     C..)*...<!-)  I     , ,.i    !-    ,  1     IV  I" I        II    .   a  ��������� t'eie,  an,I  |  ll''S     lil     lil  ! kiln'.'. II   .1 i  l-l-i'U    \\ <i|!i i||(,    j-|  ��������� oe:i(  Hhi   ia.'.|,utim|  III  by  I'll! e  bill-l,  Pocket Mor.cy for Prisoners  !    caiiailiau  priso it rs of war iu cic r-  ! iii.iny are m rec-ive ������].!'> n weel,-  ' upeii-liii". imiiiej. Nei:otlatio:i>. I t-  H'veeii the Brill: h ."tu! (l.-imaii f-overii-  I m.-iiis luive I'e'-ullctl in all niT.iiij.-i'-  I niein by whi.-h ilii' British .'.'i-vcrii-  ��������� ment will fiirv.aril ri'ieii idiiliiugs a  : we,-k iapprii\luia!ely M,7."M to cneh if  ilu- ;-oi<li.-A row prlsoiu-rs of war lu  ('i-rniuny,  'fin' iiioney will i,t- fi-nt In lh.: Am-  el-lean aniba'-iiidiir, .vlr. ('.er.iiil, at  Ik'iliii, who will see Ihnl tlu- mom y  :-, ,ti'" - I hi- Bi'Hb'li a in! Caiiadl-in prU-  Din-ir-. The money I'tir the Cuiiwl-  l.iii:-., while i -nt wiih lhai for the  other Brlil'-b soliliers in (b-rniany,  will le provlili'il by lho  tOM-rnuic'il.  Caiiadlaii  ���������-l.nl.-.  <���������<���������<>,. ii-  ii i  A r.  i I���������������.-ni   pl;i> I'i'  liiliit-  ,il  IP!  II  ���������ml   i'i  cc  la'.i u  fn i lill.-;  li'-p.   i  l,,r.   i>eot   Ul.i.bO   Hoiass >  ;  , '   > e,  i ��������� .(.nu. i   nisp.-t inr, i  ������������������    1        lit        ID) ���������!   I    ���������   1 |ll) -  l)|l,l-    ,  Ibi  iml   j i.i pn.,ing  t-niiiiii -r< la)  it ���������  mi. ���������   i .,; vi.  ,'tl!   ���������   C't    p'  .1'   '���������  v !���������"���������!< il  ;-!i ol   till   ri ii  <��������� -!- n,  t im-,!...,   t.   v.. li i  .fi-.-i   ni  hor,,i >,  b.iv ii-g i  tel.il lit Mr.t i.ip,(i!t> ,-.|  mr.io of Ba !  i\hihii!imH   Hum   W.nnit.A.     lo   tb ���������',  With  Us  I 111;    hope   Ol'   i     ,.V. ill    tllllhii'll    V. il'l  vviiicli   (Ji-niiany   bc_.ni   the   -:ij-u;.*.;l*.-  ha'i'iiii.-.-ed av,,iv, ami vieicrv e,ui ni;iy  eiillle !l.������ llie I'-Aiiid of iiiil'ali ilii;; pur-  \ifi>'< mid ol'' ciiperlor n-Miiiri ey. ln  neither of i!\.ri  riyp.-i-i---. have \,i- !-e.<-  .,    ' I'i   ��������� >'        TI,M   "Hlr 'I    :| |. ,   .j|l|f, ,  .'    in  i't nil/ill!' Iheir poi'-niinhtie,- ili���������|i ine  etii-lnv, um  l >>'������������������   i    >��������� i������.i  .i- i ���������������������������' ���������  -  in:, iml ftii'iiv ii, -,'if :.)���������(..: 'rr-'- '��������� -oin 1" -.n'm," 1 am i-.-ii ti rbi.-n player, cu  mind to our Ici plug uni in I In- end J ,,.,���������" j ;i,-cuiiih (or such a lingular pre-  rob ic pi' \;il--,iy. Tin-,-.- vuii l.e uo )-,.,���������;.:)<'(*,'' uiuiel lm- v,eui.l-ii- li n.iiit  fallun- on ihi !-��������� i' ol liie iii-umi. Wc ��������� -ji j,, w)n,pl-.. i-jidu,;!i." i-.thl tlin lain!-  v������;il b> no f.i'alr'i' o-i ihi'-i,,).,'. '-fhi-ei iilayer:, move i-o i-elilnni  i. ������������������>-. ���������������������������      . '...���������:���������    ;i ir,    i,.,.   ,     ,......,..      , .  you  if.f.i  .f.'.i-ii   ii   piosp'.'eilvi!  ti-naiil.    "I  ' i Uiui h  pli-lel'i, hi ilii'.i.'  in)   iiou.-.v; im in-  I  J)ll  ll      .1 ,      lill.        I-'.- .i  i   I  Potatoes Thrive After "Ciovei*  Thccaltle that, feed knee-deep In  clover have nothing on (he "spuds'"  that, follow the clover in'-rotation,  Both llnd lhat the clover makes pleasant places in - which to grow, and  furnishes an abundant food supply,  Though potatoes require their foo!  In a different form from that used by  the live slock, Ihey use it just as  greedily and show as large returns  for the amount, consumed. Clover  "turned under, according to one"' of  the slate's largest point -growers,  affords ihe best, seed bed Uw ibe pro-  tliii'iloii of large crops of Hon ii po l siloes. It-is n rule on this grower's  farm ihat potatoes; must follow  clover. His llrsl crop Is cut for hay  and the second ' iirnetl uml or,  clover plowed under in the fall  noi only furuisl'es fertility, but supplies organic maili-r and Improves  the tillh of tbo soil, On the. sniuiy  Hoih; of llie stale especially large iy-  turns hnve resulted' from preparing  ihe liiinl In Ihis way fov iho luber  crop. ]f clover sod Ik to be luriied  under, additional humus may be lidded   hv  applying  manure  In   the   fall  l     \Av\' :     (-'yeh-lll-.'e. '  En I n r(! I nn Kniner'n Responsibilities  The Kinperor William.��������� is probably  god-father io more bovs than any  nili' r pel-.on uu i-nrlli, bul ho Is m,  well iiide in siaiul up under tho  s-train that he bus I'tsued au order  ihai pret-'cnily will liu-rca.-'c llu- number of hlr. protegi';.-.  The rule formerly hns bi-i-u thai he  \vu,ilil nuiinie the respoiisibUliy of  belli;; godfuiiicr lo il nt'Xi'lilh noil,  li.,rn lo any family provided tlio boy  was i.i'Vinth boy by one and lhe sunn.-  marriage, Buder Ibis inlliig uiiiny  scveiiili sous hnveJinil H) do wiihoui  the !i'������ii'ir, heeauie Mie uioib:-r had  bi-i'ii twice luiiiriiil.  Tin- euipi-rer now hai modilied llm  rule and uiiiiomieoi] io any seventh  son, i-vat'dlc.i-i of tli'������ nuitiber of niur-  l-lagc". lhe' mot!.or bus coiitracli-il,  provided nil ii-vi-u boys are living.  ll.fi.   lf.Gi.-en   Eleven  Cent   Stamp  All     *'ll'te;s   renl   .-iiiinji,   ine   in.)  !o   be  U'tn  Despatch Rider  Hair-Raising    Experiences    of Little-  Known^Servicc at the Front  As iis scope expands with oue's  knowledge of it, and Uie deeper one  gets involved in its intimacies, the  despairing conviction grows that it  will require the artists, historians,  and philosophers ot several centuries"  to make anything of this wai*, says ."���������  11. Al. Tomlinson, in the London Daily  .N'ews.  For the man now in the midst of il,  however clear his .conviction as to  what it, is . evtn the contemporary  nubile wants, the task is aliout hopo-  l.?ss. lie sees daily so much-the public, would be cheered to hear, and gets  glimpses ot'-)factors ' in. the affair of  considerable impbrlifnecj to historians.  . YH even at ibis distance^-l.e can  hear; Loiulo ) asking insistently the  anxious and paramount question, oblivious of all else, :'llow aro'tluuss  going V Common sense, out of  abundant evidence, tells him things  ai-e going well enough. Hut' how can  be convey oven , tbat* simple trulif.'  AIopi of. the evidence, for (he present,'  iSiwiihih his knowledge because lieis  privileged.   "  A few days since, when searching  for lads concerning a recent attack  on a (.iei-mun trench, we came upon  the grave of a (lerman soldier onl/  just then filled in. 't'his man only  died instantly of a bayonet, thrust,  "A curious thing- about that," commented an officer. ' "The ��������� German  was a huge, scowling man, and he  was tackled by a. youngster of ours,  a clini little fellow, really, i.o match  for him. But. the.. Genua., it. was  who "died, and 1 remember his;face'  alferwards, lie might have., been  asleep dreaming of some wickedness- ,  Bator r found, 'our., men buying him  most, carefully.'  But this respect for (he dead is  general. 1 -know of a siiipci- of ours  who, trying out. one night in the open,  got an unsuspecting German, and  then was so troubled by Uie presence  of an enemy no longer dangerous  that he took the lisk of going for a  spade and returning to bury his foe.  liu'.eed. if a war correspondent had  the virtues and knowledge combined  of Kipling, Dr. Fraaar.- (he of'the  "Golden Bough"), and Bernard Shaw-  he might be able,,, in inspired mo-  ments, tb present, you. will) Tommy  at war in Flanders, anil well you  would like him; but .you can see  wna' 'a" job it is.  By the side of a street in the ruins  of Ypres toduy, for instance, was one  of those young men who wear arm-,  lets of "blue and white, who are always sitting on motor cycles.-aiid wbo  streak across this land l.ike comets.  They,are "signals."', ^Tlicy are owned  by the Ji. B. One "never speaks to ���������  them, because it is useless-.to a'ddies-,  remarks to comets. ���������'.)  . There is iust a noise appro-.ch.ing  from behi: 1, aud "then a cloud diminishing; in trout. I am told they travel  "at~nvrrii7~Tntilsrr-an���������hour?'���������bul���������all���������t���������  know is ihe shells rarely catch them.  This man himself 'admitted it, after  he had unwound? a cocoon of. wire  from tbe bub of. bis back wheel.  "One caught me once," ho corrected himself after some thought,��������� "but  that was by a trick. ] was coming"  Ihro-gh'this town last April, during  the second bombardment, all out,  wlien' a big, high explosive made a  c-ater in (lis road ahead of nie just as  I came along, rnd in l went and was  crumped." -  " IL- was a Gaiubridgo iiiiin, who presented himself early in.the war with  his machine and ' has bee i conveying messages ever'since. There are  relays of thcee riders botween G.ll.Q.  and the headquarters of brigades-. He  lold me he was thoroughly -enjoying  life, As he .does not -heiu shells  coming, owing to the noise of Ihh  nuii'l'.inc, lie docs "not alight to find  cover, but goes straight on, and  therefore thoy mis,;i him. Anyway,  there he was to prove it,  That young man (from what lie told  me), If he had' a golden pen nnd  could dip It in lampblack and lightning, could make something of his  experiences, lie was iu the grout  retreat, and luul lo push along in the  direction from wliich- others wor ���������,  coming fast-, and be wns mixed u;i  in the great, advance. Bul his really  "hairy time," to uso his own phrase,  was in the *:-i-ond balllo of Ypres;-  "The llrsl time, you know, J ever saw  Ihnl jolly town."  Iff didn't know the-way through II.  to llooge and b'.-yond, but ihcra worn  shells exploding everywhere, and lhe  houses were falling about him. IVh-  pic were running' anywhere ;;iul I lie  things lying aboitl. the streets were  not pretty. Me foil ml Ills address  af last, but lm could not. llnd Ills man.  Vou imvi* to llnd your mini if you arc  ii illspiid li rider. Tlio shells aro  nothing. ,, ���������  lie fmir-.d'his man at ):e-t In a dug.  niu, and for two hours Uiey waited  for iho place tt) go, Tha signal wires  had alreiidy gone. Then I lie iviuuni  llmt weni, nnd llien everybody wont,  in coinpiiiiiei! by a gi'cit moi'm of  shell, and I lie men didn'l care whal  happened, for they wero both fatigued  ami choked  wllb gnu,  lu all the prolonged and anxious  llnie during tlui! necoml batik- only  one dispatch iliter of my filend'K motion was loui. uud lie was I'tnunl, poor  fellow, beside his machine, unwound-  cd, but sufi'octilod, for he liad ridden  I'litinigli tbe pulton giiii till he had no  more breath, aud then hud slipped  off uud tlb-tl.  Beyninl my dbpnleh I'libr, there  idiows aiioilur subject for adequate  Iri-iiliuciit v.lih ll ,u)W It In never likely lo /.-el, lie himself suggi'ided il.  It had made a terrible ImpitK.sion on  i-r.- iiiii,ii ���������ip.' i-oiboMc nml llie burn,  lug  of  VpioH iind    the  lligbt oi  its  belle"- I'e-ie  ).'](      '���������.    A.  Xi'us and I.  ���������I.  Mlf.  ,\!n1l"n iliii mil   w i  \\t v new * "ok.  in uli'i nd  lion.''  ���������If Germany Win a"  B i.ii happen, thai In 1 ������������������ 1 i and l'.i I'i  M'.iu.-'la   lin**   -i'iil   <i\������-r   Is.oin   burn -��������� ,  j i,i |'n.':i.������iei.   .'>( ju'i, i in iiifif an- \ erv  j ti-v,   ri iv.   nv.iti -, in ihi   illninill.   iii'.    _,^ A"!)'!-'       a      -.11, Hit       '.,..,, ,)������    ll.tl.iKI,  "*.     ,. ' *"*" ,   , ! ���������'��������� *'  ''���������������>������'���������;,  ii.m,   -ei!,,: .|.i;,<- Js i-'iin j  Luxurks f-or Wour.Ued iy \i,,A.L  he.i*.> 1,-ua, .   on  i;���������. ertlil. ry,,  The    ���������'anitillilll    lltft    i*m>S    .s'-'i H iv '   i.t i    u;.i|.-.|'     i    Jjt.ip,.. i ,,.       'ihf-.i        i.s I  ;n l."������nion ho'**' 't>.-'l'.ed au ������-rt< r ������n' per:- *i������ .iBy t>" i'* mii-d lev caild'fi  i:4u rho t'i'r dlan noiindi -I UiH"������ Buy tnoun < ul ibe piec'in tlm., iind us]  i-:*if mitu 'eritl. r^eoveini in ,\'������h'h ,,y |ijs. . . ..u.maK ay- ������.j-j������tn in fin- ������-,>>-l'  frc*������  ������K   < M������->i-e  *i-A   ,Li,i it    t-1 u '��������� Mo Ii;,i' "< j ��������� Iff .'���������,���������'���������   ri  }>,- bni.e-i r*������frr}  ithe  Tupi-lv   vilfi,  tiny  '���������.|i)hu(f,'..b ��������� .nld to b;-r ni:-.r.<i-rv;itil. , i;ii".iaiid U llv-bi-ng for lice gn.-i-rn-  'can vml'lmd 'ml v.iiiioui a������-l-;iii:; ihe' nii-nl ami a ir.-c \i:oi-'a uiuiIum He-  ,.���������,,, *,,',*-,'...: i'..f i1.....' I --iii--.'.- ".-I. A vj:i;})!,j : ireeiiliei- of (tcriitan.v's f> ndal  ai] iuh-11 l.i'-i i>i-_l'.i'.' Vou tit- I ,t.,nt i *\M< io-    If Kiiglaiul, Bian'-e aim Hei-  vi-J c'liini  lo-t- tbH ll'uhi   lliere  wil)  l������> a  n * lieiiiiiiii iiiipn'e id  lu.ut.s   iiulBui..   ii.;-  nt (<������ ti>rlit.    .Mn.-t uf tii,' ,111-uji)    mio  , ���������, ��������������� ;������������������ I-  il. tu .) X  ��������� .-i'I'  ll': V :  (-.III ,i   11.   nl ���������)   i.e.-ll   i-'.,I-   '������������������������������������ -'el   (    -i  j-nnifortuble." iiilucil tin- gn.������l - -uf  ' If >u t Jib ���������' ������������������ . Ii.,i'aiii,"  ,-i (i.i, !  IIUUI, *'t!lO III'!*   I IU'li   ft:***  <; *'!l  !i,e  tied A.liiiOit aid is! >nu wjis lo '.-.j  1',iV���������%   1������>   '--.   S*   ������������������������������.������   ������--*'!ltd-.l ������    IO-A-  ���������  if';,-  .n>-  ���������ii t  tl.t-m w.tii tilling.  fie!  ;������n>  tl-i.ri: '.lUt.illlSu Unii   lUuti ������h#  rt  rviiah'-d ll������"  ���������oinive i'> '"*' alll.-d liiilioii* wil! haw  lit-i;- nn p<������Jifii ;tl ������'.\ile--. In O n <���������:'  tv.t'iity H-ar.4 ;i!l of l-biutjn- will be  ('< rtiiiini/������-d and then will coim- the  v,ar lo loatr.'l rainul:. ,nni .*-'i".,tb  Ai-v.ImI.    liruoiVfyu   Kagd*.  bt en auiborl/i'd by B,S, imsimnstor  Ki-nt'i'iil, Mr- Buvleroit, to uii't't the \mr-  i-i-l pni-i in in.'.ii.l. H i-s to I., I'.tiirll.iu-  <d io p.-i.Iiii,. Hei !broiighi-;it. the  countrv. 'nu* new siaiup U dark gt'ecu  -., ���������' ; .- -'*.il,.    I   - ���������"!    nf    K'-'lOl.  m!ii franklin.  Tii'- <"���������'��������� f't-'imp ''" de.ilfiit'il to  unit the demii'd for iui������ ftitinp to  i-ivi-r liistii-anci- and V.i\.\\. oliargcs  on pi'in-il po'-l inntli-r. lu addition,  all parcels for local delivery welgli-  im, tv.ilvo or thliK-on poiiiuIk carry  en.eti ii-iilt, |,i..-',,'.;i', -.- ' do p.ie.M'-  v.t telling -.t-ii-ji pouiitbi iii the fir.-'  . i;-I      '     ��������� '   "' li'"-'  * We'll iijabt- ii night of it," lUc'arfd  cu- };< ��������� imiia'i. "\\*'"il b,tv.c a fi-:i'i i>f  vi.i.i.ii and a tlov.' nf roiii."  "All ;t.'?hl,'' a-f'-nietl ib*������ .Ni-u- Y->rk-  i r, Va i.vvi r b<-:>i������'(! nt ������I *������- r? ���������* t-A'^ft  ft-:itnr*ft, but they ticuind giiod.'  (IV lll.lll.-i.  i  ii'.'. i ii  i. i. 11 il ..  lli.- v,luile ,i Hy war. in Haines, the  walls wc-ie rimrliif. as tlicy fell, and  llie shells Avt-ri! blowing out lilt- llani-  In;; In-all of the placo. 'i'lie loads  oui o Iti were thronged wllh fugltlvc-n,  lill'.       1 t*i ill1!   ,, , ,,      .,,.,..,-.,I      i.j       "...  .      .'.,-...  of tne- lull fiom which they were trying to escape There vere Hcrcanis  and horrible crlm, IbM children, running and ulioiillng In fear, and sold-  ii-iH dropjiing i-pi-'iit beneath ih,-  frail Me hoofs of eiillle.  A certain ������������������iHt������r icccnlly rccched  from a ladv i.ntiie. vprsnH, daintily tied  tip villi pink ribbon, :unl t-nt tl led. ''I  Wonder If IB.'ll .Miss Me'."* Alter rt-ud-  Intr llrmV- returned tin*- ������-lfovt lo the  ,s������-ih!������t v-iti������  the  followiug note:  ��������� JiKir MaiUm: ir he dots Ut- oujtht  v.. vfr to  In-  tnuud    with   UraAJiiiH  fcgklB." (THE NEWS. CUMBERLAND, H. C.  /  ��������� 11  No Si  Peace First Year of  n;jljjHi.,'ijs>   f-y.)  l*i*T about a year ago, or, lo be  exact, on July',81, 19H, Kussia  ordered Uie general mobilization of ber army. On tbe next  Aug. 1? Germany declared -war-on  Htifrsia, and on tliat same day the  l-'rench cabinet ordered mobilization.  Thus the war now raging over all  Europe has celebrated its lirst birthday  and lias developed nothing tbat looks  like peace. On Aug. L* German forces  r-nterod Luxemburg, -and llie kaiser demanded free passage through Belgium.  fT-....-.     A......     l.W..i._L-������nlrt,i,l_.,nvil r, .-. ,jH1-_  ���������i   .VlV^uS V-a���������J a. i v i���������j.71 i_, I ex, i���������������^-\-i 11.���������������!, i��������� 1.1 \ .���������  malum to Germany demanding tbo ob-  M-rvancc of Belgium's neutrality, .which  vas rejected on IheAlay it was received.  German troops I ben attacked Liege,  and President Wilson Issued tbe Ilrst  neutrality proclamation.  The war io date, according to oo^j-  ^rvntive estimates compiled from the  best available reports, has caused a  lo--s to tbe various belligerents of more  than (1,000,000 men, dead, wounded nnd  prisoners, and more than 500 ships.   Of  these, about il'O were war vessels.  The outstanding results on bind aro  those:  .Tho greater part of Belgium is undor  Ihe control of Germany.  Germany  has  been  driven  from  tbo  far east.  A part ot tho Dardanelles Is In  the  possession of tlie allied .troops.  Part of li'ruiK-e and Russia are In the  possession of German troops.  , A   small   strip   of   Alsace   lias   boon  I rt L* an^f i.Qt-\\���������(-  ,__ . . , ^  \ On tlie- continent of Africa parts .of  territorial possessions have been lost  by both sides.  \arious island possessions of Germany have beon taken.by ihe forces  of lho "allies.  Italian troops aro In possession of a  strip ot Austrian territory.  Losses In Sea Battles.  The outstanding results at sea,, ar*  these:  German nnd Austrian mercantile  shipping has beon driven from all.the  open seas.  German and Aur-trian war vessels,  having- a total displace me-nt of approximately 257,000 tons, have been do-  sTPoycif.      "   " ~ " "~      "7  AYar vessels of the. allied nations,  having a total displacement of approximately 192,000 tons, have been  sent lo tbe bottom.  The greater portions of (lie German  and allied Heels In ibe North sen remain, intact.    A  Kxeept for coinmunlo.'Ulon Ihrough  Holland and the Scandinavian 'nations,  Germany Is cut off from ihe rest of tbe  world.   ,  KlTorts on  tlio part of the Germans von Kluck.  to  placo the British is'.esjn u similar werp;'  the    French    were  predicament have resulted in the sink- evacuate;    Kuelhausen;    the   Germans  ing by submarines-of hundreds of ves- look   and   .swept   over   l.ongwy  Zeupellns bombarded Ant-, bardment  nt  rnirtmi uy tn������ r:.rrin������ns  forced    to!n!U' the sinking by a. German submarine  ot  the   British   cruisers   Aboukir.  and Cressy and llogue.    On lho same day  sels  (lying the Hags of the allied nnd- reached Senlls, thirty miles *-om rarls. }ha Russian  troops attacked -Brzemysl  neutral nations.  where lhe columns swung to tbe east- ',iIK* loolc daroslaw.  7_Tfte~sInkln}. in this manner of tha  Cunard liner Lusilania with tbo loss of  more than 100 Ahierican lives precipitated a request upon the part of tha  United Stales lhat such practices, In  so far as they might monaco Americans, be stopped.  ward. "The French government fit-d to     British troops from India were landed  Bordeaux. ' from transports at Marseilles on Sept.  ln the meanwhile German and Aus-' 26 and were immediately dispatched to  triaii troops had met the Itussia'ns. A ihe northward. Before their arrival at  'victory at Krasnlk was-announcod by tlieir"'destination the Germans bad in-,  the Austrian  government on  Aug".  ... nugurater*  a siege  of Antwerp, which  MRS. ROBERT LANSING, NEW .  :. "FIRST LADY" OF THE LAND  f-ITJf tbo appointment of  Hubert Lansing as s������cro-  Inry of Plate tbp'figure of  Mrs. Lansing looms largo  upon the social horizon of Washington,'  for lho wife of (ho premier, Is ex  eliicio, an Important personage,, and  nono the Ions In Ibis Instance, us Mrs.  Luii-ini. is a bit of -a pi'i'sonago lu her  own ri .lit.  As the daughter pf John W. Foster,  niie time secretary of state,' ,-be bas  had kin-e i-.vpiu-loni-o of oiileinl life hero  iuul abroad, Sho js ilinroiiglily versed  In tho ou-toins of Wusliln .ton society  mul lilted lo assume (ho role of loader  of the nllii-ial conl In .onl.  Mr. nud Mrs. Liiislng liuike their  homo wllh Mr. and .Mrs, l-'ostt-r lu  Kijihleoiith hlivot. As Mlvi j-;|eiuuu-  IViiir, Mrs. LansliiK was a belle of  lhe capital during thr- da>s when hor  fniber headed I'roMdonl llurrlioii's  rubli.ct, Sim Is an unusuully haniNome  woman, gi.iccfiil, ebnriiiluii, niisloer.itie  nml is i tillered one of lho brnuiU-s  iif (be c-ibliii-l i-onlliu'.'iil.  While Mr. Hrjiin was se'cn-l.iry of  I f.ili- II wa'i lhe li-lidi-lii y to SP'-uK of  J.!;.--, Hryiiii i *��������� lb- ".'mln! uiblli-i" "f  Wi,t-ll!i,|;luli olltelaldulii and, i-ilice Mi"i,  Will-on'' di-atb, "tlrst lady of ibo laud."  Ml)'. Ib'Jitll le-wi' eill-id Id ndV.itn f-  tl-.ls I'iaiiii biHiiUMt Mis, 'i'Ihii.iui, Itlb-y  Mursliell,    Wife   of    Hln   VliC    lu. Mill nl,  iuul ,M!"_ Margaret WIIm-ii,  Ibo pit->  ei titV  ili.m-hlir,   weie  eiitllt-i1   to   Untie the tl,,ii    by    lill    Cllllilli-I    nf'   uilli l.ll  i'li'l'ietle.    Lil.ewl",- Mi i, J.uii'iliiK  w  (Vi.de  atid   lijnuiv  tbi'i  ili-.lliii'lhui,   Imt  thi ie K no law nn i-itrib tb.it wl'l l,ei-p  ll'l-   M;> 'H.V    l'"!l,   ll'olll   lili'tllniC   In   1,11  tit- tlu< "lli.it duly." '  A ii'iurnVit of Mr.". Hi.vim and Mm  Lhiimiu: is iiilireviini; jimt at 11il-i time,  Mis, lb .villi I.-- n wiuiniii \tli,,������e iiihii'.-t  rei.li-r" entirely ln her husband .mil In  I.fi- family and Is inclined tn imn-e wllb  liii hiu-hi.llil Ibu! Ibtt soi Ini nttli, of  ���������t;.u-< riifl Is- of iimull i nji.M'ipii ii.-o,  Ml"'- Hivim  w.i'i i.'ilv le.i -f.lii.,1 to :iv;ill  ),i in-if of the oluei.il inoimilni. f"r Mrs.  a., , .,    ,,.   ii.,..-..   1.....1   ..,1   lot t. 1 .,.11, W.f,  .,,     |        ,,|      .,    It, It    !������������������       V"<   '      -'  A       I'  I'll       '(t       |    ���������     ���������     ,'l  i^ nnii-li ii'i'l.il rc������p'iiinlbllUy mh possl-  |i'(\        Mi'IOnVi-1*.     lillllillllfll     liill'lll|.'fTlt,  ������ i.'t.t.iii <t   .ij.il   fi,iiih-il,   .Mil',   Li.v.������o,  in,ill I.i r I,:,.- baud iiiti-n-d the i,Mill,i.t,,  b.iit i-iiiii ki.nv, iedvii* of fillbl.il llfi>,  ���������������       , i      ,   i t, .'ii, ���������.  Il|j   bclili;   limn)   of   ll   dilll'ONtli!   WOllliill  than .. M.rWty weio-in. $U-.i: l.a.i k'-ho  In for Minlb'-iH Uibi-.:*', being i. lawyer  (ti tn>;- r.u || tij-.bt, ell-l Is a model nt ibi-  ii,.  \W.iy.  In ini.ira������l to ^fr*'. Hiynn, Mm. I.ntt-  fin/ has vi lib' a nd Inllmuio I'NpwIenc*  ������f ! fe In Dm Kic.il cipltal'i if J-buopo,  i-:. 1 I.r-r bum' if-d'liiici) in Wash-  1,,, i������ii I !���������>- fniiiiii.i in'A in.-1 \%ilii tbf iii"  i.,l,������,r rt, hU pitibl'iu- of tbo pliii ��������������� nrnl  will, th* fiiVii-.'itbll K fffi'la of tl.o if).  r:ai ������).|t' of i!i|i!(j|ii.i'-y and ������t.ile rufl,  Iiov������t\������r, tUa u nut * "������uc!������t>''   tan-  The First Land Operations.  By Aur-. 17 Iho first British expodb  (lonary force had completed Its land-  ini. in France, and on lhat day there  '���������jei_an also a fierce battle on the Jaoar  resulted In the BelKlan government  movlns: from Hml city to Ostend, Two  days later (be bombardment of Antwerp began. Tbo Helffian government  remained at Ostand for about a weelc  if "J'slngtaq was begun, nnd   then   removed   to  Havre,   l-'rance.  Wiis   maintained   moro Korly-tlRbt   lionrs. later   lho   (.iermanrf  while on Aus. 2tf the German army, tin-  'der General, von llindenburp; defeated  'another Kussian force at Taimenberg,  iPart of J.ouvatn .was burned by (Jer-  nians on_ the same day tbat the Japanese blockade  Tho   blockade  between    tlin    Austrian    and    Servian llian two months be'foro TsIiiKtao sur- captured   Ostend.     Meanwhllo   lho  a!-  Iroops.    Victory was with lho .Servian tendered. lied .troops occupied Vpres, tlcrinwi m-  urms after  llvo  days  of  fightiii_-,  and     Two  days after the- l^rencii  govern- saulls   upon   tho   allied   linos   between  the Austrians were routed. inenl, moved to Bordeaux the battle of Ypres  nud   Nieuport  combined   for   a  In tho meanwhile the battle of Lor-  ,ho Maruu was begun, a few hours be- week" and then weakened,  raino   bud   opened,   find   ibo   Gorman ,'_;���������;���������  Hessian  troops succeeded  in  oc-     During' tho 'alter part of October tbo  troops bad entered  i-lrussc.ls, lite Hoi- cupyjny Lembc-ri., thu capital of liu.ll. Hrltisb   JJrcadnouKbt   Audar-lons   was  lilan cajjltnl. i-i.i, aiirilc oft' the Irish cuast;  the Uussbirn  A few days later, Aug. 2R, (ho vlclori- ^letmnns Forced Back. m;c< essfully al tacked Lodz and I^idom,  inis Geimans oiuored  Namur and'bo-;    p^fon. tbe l-'rcncli and Hrltish troops drlvln-i;   out   ibo   Inv.-idliiK   Germain,  'nan an siluiel; on Mons, defended prin- i^,,, (;(iri,liU,s |n i-'rancc were fon-etl to Turkey Joined the war nl lhat Junct'irn  elpally by tbo Mrs!   British expedition- )-0(ro.)i   as  far as  the  Alsne.     ..vents by naval operations lit* the  I.)acli sea.  nry  forco.    Tho next   day tho- Hrltlsh of Ult, ,i(,xl fuw lU\\s Included'tho bom- Odessa was nttnelu-d.  .troops befvaii a rol real from their pn-; ,    ���������  "-������*ii  ���������vrA^  ���������������:.  :'7'''ryffiffl''  :'t    '['t-Y'^i'X^My  i     I   ..      't-ti. *A ."A$>/ J  \7\   t '//  :   ��������� ��������� ��������� ://  L_  >-"���������  t   li)- fill nl'i 't.  MRS, ROBERT LANSlNQ.  nan In th������ tmvmllv arrfpird tiie.iulmj I r-on������i������rvi<tiv������ In ebi"-a-trr, She lm  f tlu< teiiu, wlilcb iioii'iiei rirptj- lUrfil- J fo iuul hitult time f������-r re -diLi-' mul tlnd  <ln(������H nml luc-npniialbllily, tint.Ml, innd tak������:i been nml ind ibr'-ut Inur  ,������r ���������!,(���������-.Liliilng Iu Uw tail bin* l'.vui������������t in iUt mm iiu������kUen_ .i U������ U*.y.  f.    ^Tffi  .'.     I V' '. II      . <0*  rbotiii by AfiirtIcjiii Un-n Axux-intlon  i���������06>i !rt New York itrr������U. 2.���������-Ty*.  !c������i ilur.i ncene. 3.���������In th* frr.sh ^n*.  A, 5 anft 6.~-Trying lr k#op seal,  if���������tf.'tit Kr,tt4 Htfflirv " J* yyvwv^���iaGpff'**-'r-r-r-"���
'f��^ >*������---**
*m+t*jLfo+*^-*j*~*����itm*E*\jti^ittiMmOuJ^     __5_Am*^,-**-'kJ3&J*ti**em*^^f-**a\i' lWiJJ������ i-0��rito��Jfc--���*-���--^w���--���^��^i^WfcT^�����*^   ������-���     ��if**> %    ����� W|��,>_i>-t
.u i-t -ti-^i j, .%-n.��_trin ih t i,"g^,<-��-.-jf.. -a***"*-?*-*
-'' ^o n' _��� X*- Win * 0
-i.>Sn 6 iu 1.-4 &U*c3 iv
*,': Ig! ���������vaa.^       v
."j"i-.;"''.'A%*       "*.; '
���"""        *A      .-"'
i-i".--. 5-.
k  COSfeS  but     Vi'tJtf     k'
'������       W     'C    ' f  ^^^^^wo^ful,*'      wto:    you
"''���       ''"        '*     Jr ^^SJI^-tKWse vour   Wall PatH-.-
jf<!     _. ".v..- �����-���!?��*?',���*������ -
HspVpgy.-. ��?IS 1
*' \ KA> "-<**- ��__ a" \ -*.
|]^if||iS     l'ui: )��nc of Furniiure      |
'Weil  thva\s o:i Iiiind
J/'lfil  i^il^i^i^A;  tlwaus o:i l.iiud.       - }
leu >.; ni'Vuiii'   "    '.' ���'
n.e?Furniture Store'
���.-.-������ X-r: A> MoKINHOJf     l-'.imberln,.,!
..- .. -a^
! .'U  I  LLO
i;:;!"���, f.MUR.<Mi   '
i, -',������,������ -y-i'iiflav,   7
Any person or porson?, oiiUitijj.
A.^oii.tri foi YMlKfi'.i-jr lireKyi'-'AI C-raujanj's BKER
'f/li'/iciftl^ Da-tka Y.i ail Kinds of
v? i'J-.OS  S._2\*   l_/l4Ji.VfcO'D&.
^ r c o n (1
3   D
t.)  iu , a'���-���-, I-.--
a:  :I a   lull i ir ^uiui' ������ *'
��� !-.i'lie b-t-iy
L.ulies ^ ������'���'���
.'���'.'""        ' ��� i ,   7    id    i
ri'iiuiviiifi or taking   tiny,   l-h-ok*-- |$
tiinbo��- or wood, of anv cU'S(;rijitiq<li> $
" l ft
iftlonginiT to thu "Wellington Colliery 'Jo'y., or lYoui or off tlio liiinl
-.���i-.nte Sundays. 0r tjK) ?j.y\ Company, or anyoni'
'ivs*-,"v-i on aitc-r jj,,,,:,,^ vubbi.sh of any description
iinywbeic   upon ' the   c.Cnipiiy'?
.-n *>.ni,
i-i'-. ri motr.
Sv.liOol) 2 30
��� -,.  Tur-sildy oi
*���   i). in.
'A.\ ,
Hcin-v  WAam
"��":1 CHOKAA'-S   i'RKSHV--
���    ric-uiA.N cii.rs.cii.
<-'.   -. ...,:-. 1.1  :-.    i..-. ;::. i   7 p. !))���
{���7fi: - -l-i.-.s. i.;?'; ii.  in. ��� r
t.li!i--.i !,1   OCil i"i- 'Y'di)   p.,'H.
j",-:.������,.���!��� M"i'tJtini:".  iVcil!nJ��i).*iy <".'��_i
i _;S>). '     ���   -r
I-'-Asicr, il-.-v. .I.iif- Hoo'.!.
Watch Eepairing
lati-l will lio'pi'ost'.'iiiiiL-il to tho'1'ul!
e.Nlt'iit of ti,o hiv'A ,-     .
���     J. li.' LOOk'A-iU),   -
��� '   (iiitn-ral Maungor,
Colliery Co.y.
Hiding o*a loeomo-.ives i-.nd r��)l
A-��y cars of the .Union HolJierj
Coiupaoy hy any- p^.won .ir \tur-
son�����except liiin ccgw���i���. atriclly
prohibited. Rrnplpytes ��re- suh-
wt t.i f.I.-,mis-dul  for riUowiuii   stun-
l)f Ol'flW
J;. R.   LOCK A Rl), .
���*a.*sirl> jiSi.ifc-^KKw ~a *memnxt~ *tmBK**fvjKa!*m*a;-a!**tor+. \.
T9cnW��.'WL~. ���HV^aJCU'aC3JKn^UtC:'3M~-l~L71--Ha_^
TWT    SPETS D~ G-O-O-I);	
\ OXEY for . m-.-i)in;it>HHit
\\..!uli ' Kepniri-. g. ii1 'y-ur
i- lit- li ii Hit, l-i-e. in ti lime
il .-1'iinWy LV.T L'lrJUTEl."
|a'|iX IT.     (1 vo Lm " Tr,-,.!.
F. Lighter
Prarlial Watchmakw, fewder and
0;;i!::!.w,     SCAVAHD9 'BUILDING.
Oumberlsncl,  B. 0.
Section 42.
LIQUOR ACT, .1910.
NOTICE is  hereby given   Ihai,     " SeC,,��" il'
oh tho 1st d��.yof :December*next, N0TICE is horeby given lhat,
applicniion will bc nudo io. tho10n the 1st dav of December next,
Sui��ri��:ei.dcntof Provinci-il.Fol, ��� ^,CRtioil *win.to miule l0 the
ice��orre:...w��l-of the hotel licence SupcriRleiu|pnt 0f Provincial Pol-
to Mllliquor by totni) in the boiel ko (q_ fencw;ll of ^ holei ,icenco
known as the  Willow, Hotel, _ilu-  tQ _ell ^ l)y J,;lrti, ;���' ,hc hote]
ateatCa_opUllRiverfjintheTro-lknown  as UiC   m]M[Alia  Hol.l,
IvincooIlirnUhColumbw. :8ilQaie at Lund, in the Province of
���of British Columbia, Ltd.
���Comox���Un^on Ray���-Nan-aimo���Vancouyh-h���Routsj
- Leaves Comox, Sunday, 3 p. m....;.;	
���  Leaves Union Bay, Sunday, 4 p. iu.-...
;    For Denman Island, Nanaiino and Vancouver,
RETURN.NG-y-Leiwes Vancouver, Saturday,, 8 pm.
, For Nau'ainio, Union Bay and Comox.
Subject to change without notice;
3 ' i
Vlanufacturcd from the  Best
-Canadian    Malt   and   Hops
��� I Pilsener- Brewing,Co.,
Cumberland,   B. C. -
*"*^3ivJ=S3w-on_rir-art ��ru.xr vjtKts*2s.-t*9t3*mi -1
���f-Also Agents for the Famous   U.B;C.
and '' N c\v . Life'   Beer;
r_i_r-i��ri-_���nur mn in ttmm i-ij'W^__wjMmju j-Wm..
:': When; You
���1���������tii l-.ir T-i t ffttitf* 'tun... jlrpwi
���:��� m-x-'H^'S-s-H'V'M- ���������:-':��:-i-h-'
.* ��J. 1 ?J)   V �� Ali '-*! -��� '*-v V-J..I. .1  ^ i
A'Roominsr Honssi
iMtinis.hed    li-ioi-iis
K<';'.sonable   Rn'v*;
���l-A'-A'   Third  Hdusl- Fujiu    %
7. li   C.   Tch'plmiK: '���['
7 1Cnc)i;iii;;i-' X
"���.;; DKRWKNT AVjiNUIC   ^
. ��������� Cti'.iihc'iiiUid.   li    C,        ���(���
���:-. ���   *{���
;.��� Ci H TAR DELL     f
.. 'i ..ii Kiruifctf   u 1 ii.f'.��n.*- v
I " v
' SDortsmens Goods J
1 "        , <
.1 nud
iy given   that, on'tlio   1015
ir next applicatiouwi I
'^^py], be mv.de f�� Ibu Sapwihtmidcnt^ f FT-iViu-.;
Mi    AlLwoik ;'naranlecd' id:Ks|'oral l'-ilico, Vi..o;i-i, r.n;'Uierona^alof ihn!
l>��S-J . r ��� -     - - _y��-_  i
[-���|litfcu years. Inquest ,',ra ifcM hov.-l 3n;eus. to s-H li^uorj hy loswilin tlio
|||work'at lowtsi prices in |h !hot.l known n�� tlio WiUoh hold, eitimted
gjtjthe Proviv.rqJCKar.is Fieo|^at D,,i07Bny ,JtG
ri^v-ri^u-^rreptJEnrs^^t-if^rwTcr'-ft-w-inacrfBai-i _i_r.��.uvr*Muar=iK!z-��'n.
w����miiTJBMBU'>nmif.wr *TMA,��^Tt-,.i:,��.7.*:.-'jrM*'i'VT. 1
KOltSAI.K���.\ l.iri.i ,1    & ,!.
rnyinl'   snlV,    iii'in iy    r,i--'',     < Aril
j^iU.    Wiil wil   lm   iii-i...   tintn
fiif'ii; i.-o.si:.    v\jij)iv ihjs tjiiifi'.
Services   for 21 si. Suii'J.iy al'tcr
.Holy Communion S od a, iu.
tin nd.iy Suliottl 2,!i0 ji m,
Kvoi)i��mi|/ 7 (0. tn   .
Sim'vires nf intoj'*e.-si'in in In-
luilfufll, M. l;i'Vccs on  Wc'lni.-;-
(hy iit S,i'D p. 1.11
Arthur J.Ji/ol-il.t<;oj', ^'icr.i 1-.
��� �����+ r>��Mirwrp<i> tt**t*a*m**ru** -_��i_����^** ri,m* att'm***,..*"'
Old papers lur sale
-fi.'lt     Till.'    (^UMIIICULANJJ
I rivmt\\ Hardware I j n kws Offiue.
a 1
\   .  ���-   l *;-.^^u/U^,./)jTW</|[W|.|'JJ^r^f'-,J1r,,*'.!'* J,  ,    ���#����������#��  m��������-������i.����.i
m ��,��.���� �� ���� K-M4 ffv, ��� ���
. :-.��:. s.-m.k-a   f-^-ini" Anything you need
I iii':,�� u. 3  Iioim.- pou'vi , i-ii-.';ii:.-.
f  j lu Lac Printing line
1   I      ii , -|"    VI ii.-i-i K.i Jul. . ��� .
; < c 111 Ai,,W'    U.-|t     j (11
\  v ii'.i.-y lur lho Jiiuncli rirlinsi*}
;   l" 1 >���.-*.v tliat the* suiiinivr 111.Willis j
.  i .,11 !<M,-hn;i>.    \Y1im! it iiii-i i ]
'..tit   .1   U'llldl   li.ic   oil   < 'gillo.s
J,..���!'.���   iii   llu*   line  wi'sihi-r,    wi
\.,i 1 s\'U\i: tiliir,       I'or null ifll
; �����. 1, to  this   h'hat.  fiMj'iirc  nt
'.'-... 7\"A.a.\A.aYu y.'vw
Suhscrihc ft��r 'Vhv
i (aMI'^ulanm) Nkws.
Sulv��-��'ii>U*��n \ivwy. $1.
printed, with
at the
.Uniai) li.u'ER JlonsK
Dated Peplomber, 'Al, I'Jln
NOTK E in !.H).-c;by ��-iveii l.hal on tlio
lirH.1 day A Dtcwuibcr nt-xt, iipijlicatum
will bu mndo to UicSuji'ii Jicfuieu'c nf lho
lvovjiKhi Poiien, vj_io. iu, r..r iho lonow j Pliiiilcv's fov Bicycles
nl of tiio liutcl Homioo to. soil  liquoi-H by') " "
* *     1  I
retail in the hotel known ns l.lic Wuo'illius  )���
���Sloppiii" l'l'ce, iiituute ut Oytitor River,
in cliu I'roviimo of Uridth Colinnhii.
Annus Wuoiihuk,
J)alO(lSol,l.oii-iber'29, 1015.
'NOTIOK i.s liorchy givon thnt on the
fi'Kt dnj' of JJ-nitiiibor iu-xt api.jliautf.iii will
bu iiitulo to tlui Siiporiiitcr.dont of Provincial I'oliuo, Viotoria, for tho renownl <��f lho
hotel licciiPd (o Bull )i<-ii<iifl hy rfil.;nl n tlio
lioUil known mi'tlio Wckon liot��J, nitiu;oil
ut Union hny, 11,0. Anns l''n.\nr,ii���
liateil Woptoinlicr, 20, 1015
l.'.vciy woll known tinrl roli-
fihle mak- of machine is u-]>
rtscnU'd in our collodion of
h'ocond'hi.i tl nnd Sliojv'.soilcd
I-Jicvck-s, I.i.ih Indies' und
(k-nl's modus. AV rite today
for a lUt  of thom  nnd  mwc
NO'I'lCli is hereby (-ivcn ihnl on ilnA ( monoy,
liiti day nf Uccoiiibcr 1915, application
will bcMiiadc lo I lies .S��p(.'iinteridi."iu ol
I'nn'iii.i.il I'olicn, fur a rciu-w'i! of tb_
uIiAaiI'- liquor liccn-'C n|'��n ihe piem-
i.c, hi,own ;ih l.ol 2,', .SiibhC-f.tiiiii 1, Nel-
-.on \'ii ���iti< 1,
rji.si.NI-'I'.MHI'.uiNi' Com PAN V.
|).iH:(l Oi t'.ib(.'r ju,  |i;l 5
x,     Paperhangiiag,  Shingling
House Eepairing,   of All.
-Kin ds, J3sm seMosiiiaMa...
+ "
--LEAVE   YOUR   GRDER  WITH���.    '.
1 t _ ;1
m-. McLelMn I
All Work Guaranteed
,.!. 11-1 .'.Lf..-.!,,
��� i  .   ...I  .      , 1 -
Capital Ptiid Up $11,560,000. I.-cium  $ : J   1 ' < .  | .
The Royal Bank, of Canada.   |
�� OVlfiU   TIIK    WOULD. |
1 Sl'EGJAL ATVKNT'.ON |��iid in HA VINOS ACCOUNTS & i,.tc.r��M  |
i.   nl hirlioat Current IIsites nlluv 31] en HWouku of $1 nud iij.\v.iirils,
I  OUMlUURLAWr, B, C , Branch, Open Daily      77. P. C'ConwJl, Mgr. |]
p VBIQVA'AY, B,C, Branch, OpowTaily.      V. B��ewoi.th, Kgr.
p .('OUHTENAY,   ��. 0, Branch,  Qpoo Dntlv Tl, H  M^rilw.lpki,  Mgr
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Thos, Plimley
737-7313 Jol.nnoii ftt
VICTOHIA,      -      - H.O,
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t      KUYSTO,       It. C     %
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io  luivi vom   it-pfiiiin^ done
���winter is cciuinn -
J. Ac* Rliinglizific.
Platibaris-.^ and
Brickwork :: at
Reasonable Rates
i  to
I (Ul
O-'" Come to Kw\<j's Id.: Crew in Iviirlo'-,
Whoro you wUI ��ff tho. UIW'B G(|(MJH I-N 'i'^NVN with
 tlfntb Cl^'nn Si-rvlpo������
Ice Crmxi Suppff.^ in QuqMii.fs nt Cft/ap Piic��s lo Balls,
"   Purlins, Pic Wis, tic., nt o few h.��.r*s r^llce.
Duiiunuir AVeiido
mt*m*mm*mm*H*v��*i** mwmtomi mm
S-uisfnc ion (liisii'.'iiilc(;il.
A Trinl Will  Convince You.
Hctov/ Sawmill, Key Road,
*y Kl��i'.vc ordeis nt the oflice
of lllQ Cl*M��Ki:J..\NI> NKw.S.
J     N,   KuLKOD      'jPx.GT'nznxt.r.
Kuylihli -I x IIUU'I'ON nlvvuy-* on 'i��i> uU'o, Uu,- fiuuoiui MIL'A'AUKKK
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SCOTCH VVHI.SKY. Best Win*.-*- ivml Llquorn of ull klnila
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will In inn; it H'khI, cl.'��,i lit wiy i,,<|ii.i.;.,
Vi 00 jK.-r day ond Up
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