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The News Oct 15, 1898

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 ���������f #  I  Semi--  Weefely  Edition*  "FOB  YOUR  JOB PRINTING  r " c  Give us a Trial,   wc j  do Good Work at  REASONABLE  PRICES.  .���������-j  SIXTH YEAR.  CUMBERLAND.   BC     SATURDAY OCT. ,15th.. 1898  Espiinait 1 Nanaimo, Rj.  THE  STEAMER Crrv  of  Nanaimo  WILL RUN AS FOLLOWS:.  W.P. OWEN, MASTER,  OailinglrFWay Ports as Freight  and Passengers may offer:  I /        Leave Victoria for Nanaimo  I / " . Tuesday 7 a.m.  ������<   Nanaimo for Comox,  Wednesday 7 a.m.  1 ���������   Comox for Nanaimo   <       .  . Friday 8 a.m.  ���������������    Nanaimo for Victoria, ,:  % ��������� Saturday 7 a.m.'  FOR Freight or Stateroom* apply on board, or at the Company/*  Ticket Office, Victoria Station, Store  Street.  I  a. H. FECHNER  LEADING   BARBER  and   ,  and Dealer in Fishing Tackle and Sporting Goods   Cumberland,     B. C.  seg^ggggggsgass  DYKE & EVANS  Music Dealers  VANCOUVER, ',   , -      ; B.   0.  SOLE AGENTS:  Karn Pianos  Echo Banjos  Washburn Guitars  .....and   Mandolins  Organs, etc.  SEND  FOR  CATALOGUE  PURE MILK.  Delivered daily by us in Cumberland  and Union.    Give us a trial.  HUGH GRANT * SOU.  j. na. mcleob  General    Teaming      p?^del,  Oil,  Etc> Hauled.    Wood  in Blocks Furnished.  SCAVENGER WORK DONE  J. A. Carthew  ARCHITECT and BUILDER.  CUMBERLAND, B. C.  CO-OPERATION.  /  mm     ��������� -��������������������������� ' ���������"  Paper Read by  Mr.  Ed Phillip*  Before the Farmers*'institute  April 7th,  1808.  I  "Union is strength." t     <   ��������� v  "The greatest good to the greatest num  ber."  In competition this is reversed. It would  read thus: "The greatest good for the small-  est number," "Union is weakness."  Geo. Jacob Holyoaks the pioneer of the  oo-operative movement   in England says:  "Co-operation was born of the feeling that  at best unmitigated competition was but  organized war, and though war bad its great  eoncuests, its bards,, its proud associations  aadheroio memories, there was murder in  its march; and humanity and genius were  things to blush for. * If progress could not  be accomplished by some .nobler means,  \ what an enduring truce   peace is tpfwnr,,,  co-operation ia to the never ceasing eonniot  between labor and capital, it ia the peace of  Industry."   If  competition  is the life  of  trade as it often has been said, the least said  about 00-operation the better,  * When we speak of competition being-the  life of trade we generally mean some one  else's trade, we never mean oar owiu < Ap-,  plied to storekeepers and others wethmkit  means cheap groceries,' cheap clothing, etc.'*  but applied to ourselves we fail to catch on  as it were.    What do we- see   in  Union  everyday?   We see two or three milkmen  compettiog 'with one another.    Now, one,  of these could do the tame work that the  three of them are doing if they would coop-  erate, and tne other tww could s&y at home  and thus save the wear and tear of two  horses and carts,  brides doing some more  useful employment at home.   The saving of  two men's wages would be effected,  as well  as the cost of   keeping two horses;  and the.  puulio would be, served just as effectually as  they are now.. ..u  - Here u *'copied item from Merrie  England:     ''" ' '*' ' '*"**-      ,.   -  '���������If a hundred men bad a hundred loaves _  "of breaiand if they^ piled them "in a heap  and (might for them, so that some got more  than they could eat and eoine got ubue, and  some were tramped to death in-the brutal  scuffle, that would be competition. Were  it not for competition 'the. hundred men  would be fed."  You have fallen into the error of supposing that competition .is better than co-operation, partly because, you have never seen  anything but competition in practice.  You know tbat when a railway company,  or a coal company, has a, monopoly, the  public gets worse served than when there  are several companies in competition with  one another. And you suppose that because  compe'ition beats monopoly, therefore competition is better than co-operation,. but if  you were not rather alow you might notice  that co-operation and monopoly are not the  same thing. Co-operation is the mutual  helpfulness of all; monopoly is the plundering of the many by the few. In monopoly  the trust owns the people; in co-operation  tne people own the trust. <.  Competition in this district at the present  time means just this: we have no uniform  price tor anything; one offers for one price  and one for another, we under-cut oue an-  other and sooner than take it home we  sell it below cest; by this we injure ourselves and others. In the place of competition we would substitute co-operatiouV  Co-operation is not a monopoly, it is in  no sense a trust or syndicate. There is as  much difference between true co-operation  and the trust or  sydioate,   as  there  is  be-  THIRTY-SEVENTH YEAR.    ���������   ���������   *���������*;  +   +   WOflLD^AMDECmCULA^  Twenty Pages; Weekly; Illustrated.  Indispensable"���������"Mining Men.  THREE DOLLARS PER YEAR. POSTPAID.  '8AMPCE COPIES FRK-  MINING AND SGIEHT1FIC PRESS,  220 Market St.,   SanFranc^co^JJau  INSURANCE.  ALD.  KILPATRICK'S  I am agent for the  following  reliable  companies;  The Royal Insurance Company.  The London and Lancashire.  Current Rates.  Can be seen afternoon's at corner offic  pear The News.  James Abrams.  ; Horseshoeing and  Black smithing.  Establishment  I shall continue  the same busir  ness at the Old Stand.  FIRST CLASS  Horseshoeing  a Specialty.  Buggies  and Wagons  built and repaired.  I, H.SAIDELL & Son  tween black  and white.    In co-operation,  people hire  capital,   pay   expenses   of tbe  business and divide the profits in dividends  on goods handled or produced.    The capital  ia hire and a moderate rate of interest paid  on it    The trust or syndicate aims at extravagant returns on capital at the people's  expense.   Co-operation aims at equal distribution of the profits of industry  amon*  the participants,  after   paying capital its  hire.    In other words, both systems reduce  expenses, but co-opera^on pays the profits  in dividends on labor; ihe trust pays profits  in dividends en capital.    Tbe advantage of  co-operation ia that it enables the common  people  to  help   themselves.   It promotes  thrift.    It can adapt itaelf to secure its  advantages to all  sorts nnd conditions of  men.   It pays labor fairly, adds to savings  and yields a reasonable, hire to capital.   It  touches no man's fortune, it seeks no plunder, it expects no gift nor asks any  favor,  it keeps no terms with the idle and it will  break no faith with the industrious.  ,'i It gives men and women a, knowledge of,  business they could  not otherwise obtain.  It  enables men to, get ont of debt and to  keep out.  It reduces expenses, bringing producer  nnd consumer together, giving the former a  lair profit, whole furnishing, the Utter at a  reasonable price articles which are honest in  quantity and quality. It delivers the public from the middlemen, capitalists and monopolists who would make the laborer work  for the least, and the consumer pay the utmost. The "almighty dollar" is tbe thing  that appears moat forcibly .to the average of  of mankind. Sinee, therefore, we must  take human nature as we find it. the firjtt  thing is to educate the people up to the fact  that co-operation wiia pay. How much it  will pay depends upon a variety of ianunoes  especially the faithfulness pf ;thp co-operators and the management by the officers.  In distribution, oo-operatore can expect to  pay fair interest on capital*; accumulate a  reasonable reserve,'charge off conservatively  fer depreciation, pay^injta to the educational fund,, and stitt\ have -a--substantial  amount to. deolare-jn ;.diyi$n4s on the,  amount paid for goods bought by" co-operar  ton.     w-"-       ���������   '    ;f ;-  The education required,will therefor show  tbat|wbile the immediate object is the making or saving of .money-''by** the people on  their own supplies or labor, it involves principles of far greater possibilities. .. This edu-  cation will also prove that the more perfectly these principles are lived up to by co-op-  erators the greater will be both their mate-  rial and ethical benefits.  THE COMMON IDEA.1-  The common idea of co-operation is that  a few people gather together in   a   kind   of  business way and discuss toothings and fin.  ally conclude to subscribe for shares and induce others to do the same,  and   with   the  money buy a stock of goods,the  sharehold-  era and the general publio are most: likely  to buy.   The goods are most likely   sold  a  little above cost, thus going   into   competition witn the   regular   stores: the   regular  stores are compelled to reduce their prices,  and thus we have a regular cutting of priceB,  thereby defeating the very object it was es������  tablishedfor   and not only   that,   but  the  goods are often sold on oredit, and the store  ruus behind, the more business it doe*   the  poorer it is, its capital constantly dwindles,  aud it finally h*s to  wind up.    Because   it  cuts retail prices, such a co-operative store  conpels the regular merchants to put down  their prices.    Then when people   find they  eah buy just as cheap at regular stores,  and  get oredit besides, they think there isnoob.  : jeet in trading at the co-operative store and  so leave it.   The accounts of such stores are  often loosely kept, and are zealously guarded from tbe members and the public.   The  patrons then get an idea that the directors,  managing committee or superintendent   of  the store, are patting money  in  tneir   own  pockets      <hat      properly     belongs      to  the co-operators.  - It was not until 1844 that the true principle of co-operation was discovered���������the  feeding ol co-operation on ita profits. Then  it was a few weavers started the Equitable  Pioneers Co-operative store at Rochdale,  England, with only 5140 capital.  They originated the plan now known as  the Rochdale system, in which each person  was limited to one vote, electing directors,  by whom tbe buaiueo* is conducted. Only  such gwods as'ars ot staudard quality and iu  constant demand by the members  are bought, and sold to members for cash at  the ruling retail prices. Cash payments are  invariably required, and fair prices maintained. After setting aside certain sums  for interest, depreciation, reserve and educa-  tion, the balance is paid aa a dividend on  trie amount of purchases. The dividend  thus-received by; each member ia placed   to  his credit against further shares of the  capital stock until the whole number of  shares is made up to which any one  is entitled. After such shares have  paid up, the dividend on purehases is paid,  in cash at the end of the quarter, or may be  left'in the treasury as loan or share capital.  Thus the savings effected are constantly invested in the business: This feeding tt on  profits ������ives co-operatiou capital and etabil.  ity, while affording a safe aad profitable  bank'ivr.the members' savings, and  the society to grow and increase ita  and usefulness. Their doing are  in full to the shareholders at quarterly  meetings, the reports accounting lor every  penny.  ITS SUCCESS.  Starting in, 1844 with 28 members and  $140 capital, the Equitable Pioneers' Society at the close of 1890, had 11,362 msav-  ber, a capital of $1,811,790, and in that  year made profits of $238,820, on n total  business reaching $1,262,915. It has 2$  branch stores besides the central one, a library 16,000 volumes, 19 ;news rooms, an*  numerious' classes in the sciencesi and Wf  .trial arta.        , -���������,,���������;  \_._  ' The operating expenses of the _ si cpefs ^  tive societies in England ,is About HJ f������f"  cent on the sales, the average esnonat  paid in dividends on purchases in 18$$ wae  nearly 11 per oent. Besides this, 6 nor sent  was paid on capital, liberal grants made to  education and charity, and great same P****  ed to reserve or charged off fs* ii|i illlUsa  Had the total net profits been applied to  capital, it would have earned over  $0  for  cent.. r , '  Now if a co-operative store in a oonnsry  of the keenest competition can pay enoh  profits, what can be done nere where ,1too  business is controlled almost wholly by one  firm ?   I had occasion recently to want seine  en purchases. It has so bad debts, for, it.  does not give credit. It does not buy , on  credit.   It should accumulate a reserve fnnd  1-v  '1 v.  Continued on 4th page. ,  t ' *  ���������   ���������   ������������������   ��������� -r    ���������  WIRES DOWN.  The wires have been down for tbe last  two davs with the ��������� exception of a -short  time during which we got through two or  three short telegrams. , o  ���������      w  A GOOI������ WRITE UP SHOULD  FOLLOW.  Victoria,  Oct.   14���������Steamer  Wilms*  arrived this morning and reports that tho  sealing schooner .Viva picked up three  representatives  of  the    San Francisco  Examiner in an open boat off Cape Flat.  '1  "    <       \        , * 1  tery,   They started from Lake Bennett  in a twenty eight foot galvaniied ���������iro������  boat, went down the Yukon, crossed the  the Vehring sea, and started to sail for  8an Francisco.   Th.ey were picked up  during a howling g-ale.' '"  KEASELS  AMpMG^ THE INDIANS;  -_ Victoria, Oct 14���������Dr. r^lst������.r������noTtary^'t&1  tj cases of sneaseles among ther Indiana  at Ahouset, Alaska, and one death of an  1 ��������� 1  ', <.      'r     "  old chief/       -   -^ .  <'  '.\  ;'("'.  r*'t  -7^,-rm  '*'  I    .,   '.  '������,*\J!  ^ww?J  1    f   ,*-  ^  r  s   "/'  dry goods, I got samples'and prices here, ,*  then seut east for samples and prices} aad  to my surprise I found that what they emoted here at 75 cento per yard I oonld - obtain'  in the east for 49 centa per yard:   A din*err  enoe of 874 V** <*at* ���������nd ** #0"M "^ *T*'  is noprojit in store keeping here.  , The,ordinary Bpools of cotton aro eeU^  here 50 cents per dozen,.they are sold>aail  for 30 cents per dozen. I can pay postage  at the rate of 1 per cent per ounce, or if yon  like $16.00 per hundred weight rate on  goods, and still effect a saving of. 26 to M  per cent, Now suppose instead of ordering  one yard of goods, or one doxen spools of  cotton, we co-operate together and v order  100 yards, or 1,000 yards of goods, 60 ot a  dozen spools of cotton, and instead of paying a postage rate of $16.00 per hundred  weight, pay a freight rate of $2.00 per ana-  dred, don't you see that your savings weald  be enormous ! Remember I can buy at the  figures named a single yard, whereas by ce-'  operation you could buy by wholesale at a  lesser rate. c At a former meeting I stated  that online goods a profit of 100 per oent  was realized'. I apologize for that statement. But before delivering judgment  please listen to this:  ���������A. J. White. t  Dear Sir :  Enclosed please find   $10 pest  office order. I am trying to get the medicine as Rood a oirculatiou as possible, aa I  think it is good. I am taking it myself aad  have giveb some away, and I have a good  aucmut of it. I have now only funr bottles  on hand at writing, so you had better send  me four dozen syrup,-, two doziu pills and  one dozen ointment.  To buy these at retail would cost $37.80.  At wholesale $10.00.     I lesve you to think  over this for yourselves,   and   I   cheerfully  admit that I made a mistake  when   I  said  100 per oent.   The medicine is supposed at  cure the dyspepsia, 1 am inclined to believe  that anyone knowing the profits on  its sale  would bo most likely to  take  dyspepsia on  hiring it f.������r the first time.    It might very  |  naturally be asked that   if   there   is   such  large profits, why don't I go into   business!  ���������If I did I conld do no better than vour present storekeepers, aud perhaps not   as   well..  In the first place I should have to  buy   the  goods on credit, consequently I should pay  an advanced price for them,   perhaps   saero  than I can get them for at  retail  for   cash,  then I should have to sell them on   credit,  and to reimburse myself   for   bad   debts   I  Bhould have tc advance the price sufnoienty  to cover them.    In fact I should   be   bank>  rupt in a month.    Contract this with' a   cooperative store.    The members find the capital by investing in shares.    With the cash  goods are bought at the .first cost.    No mid-  die man need apply.    The goods are sold at  ordinary store prices.    It does not   condescend   to-competition   with   other   stores.  With thei-profits derived from sale of   goods  ' it pays the running expenses, interest on capital, the balance is is divided m   dmdenda  ,   BELLA  ADAMS SENTENCED/  ,   Victoria, Oct.5 14���������Bella Adams 'was  this morning sentenced to. five years for  killing of Chas. Lincaid. ,  auction:    ���������:'-*  ���������  1 have reeeivsd instructions from Mr.Cv.  Bridge^ iUddlo Prairie Road, to sell on bin  premiess by anotlon,, all his live stock, eon.  "silting of Horses, Cattle. Sheep, aad' Hogs,  Farm Implements and Household Effects, onv  Tueeday aad Wednesday, October 26tb and  Sftb.'  TanMs: All sums of , $25.00 and  nndsrfoash{ over $26.00, twelve months  with approved joint notes.  A. H. McCALLUU,  AUCTIONEER.  .-���������*��������� '-'ti  .'" ":%S\  .   r<i?{A  '"  xTL  \ "*     -  "_ r ���������  ***    v .    1 "���������*   I  '\ -,. *, 1  ���������      I   1     "V  /;,->*  *���������* -^ *  ���������J -i'  /'v* I  There was no quorum of the city count  cil Friday. Mayor Mouqce is still con*  fined to his house by illness.  Ceo. Hi Scott, who was formerly here  in partnership in the painting business  with Mr. Theobald, is in the portrait  business at Nanaimo.  The best corner business lot in town  for sale  for a third   less   than its value  Enquire at News Office. ���������  IHr. and Mrs. T. D. McLean left Friday morning for their place on Denman  Island. In a few days Mr. McLean ex  pects to be able to go to Hot Springs  Mr. Banks formerly of England, h\\\ re*  cintly from Notch Hill near Kamloops is,  ia charge of Mr. McLean's jewelry s tore  AFRAID SQ.  Edith.   So you are engaged to Arthur  far good!  Mollie "I fear so, it don't look-as if  he will ever be able to marry me."  Awarded  Highest Honors���������Worid'������ Fair,  OoM Medal, Mldwlntef FaOf.  ���������DHL?  CREAM  BARING  A Pore Grape Cream of Tartar 0owd������ft  40: TEARS THE STANDARD  u ' 1? ���������','"���������'*  AMERICAN PEARLS.  WHERE THE BIVALVES WHICH YIELD  ' THEM   ARE  FOUND.  How tbe Precious Stones Are extracted  "From the Shells���������Influences That Tend  to "Waste In Gathering the Gems���������Colon  and Shapes.  George F. Kunz,' the mineralogist and"  gem expert, has given much attention  to American pearls, and-be told; a vre-  porter many facts of interest concerning  the fresh water varieties. The rivers'  and lakes of the United States are, lie  says, inhabited by several hundred  species of bivalves called by the general  term of naiades, all of -which t bear  pearls, often of great size and. beauty.1  Of these naiades tbe most common type  is tbe'unio, or ordinary' river 'mussel.'  The, whole Mississippi basin teems with  these mollusks and 'tbe forms there are*  -r.'fc  Til ri  .for, the most part distinct from those of  the "Atlantic watershed and  "of  tlie old  . world.   All of the'nnios have an iridescent,inner coating  to  their  shells, but  ���������there is a wide" variation in'oblbr^rang-'  ing through tints of pink, ^purple..and  brown.   The colors of the pearls depend  upon the tint of the shell lining: <>**\  I  A pearl is made, up  of  carbonate of  lime', intermixed with layers of animal  matter: It,is,supposed that each one, has  for a nucleus  some  particle of  foreign  matter>which   has   become'-inserted in.  the shell, andtwhich irritates  the mol-  lusk until it succeeds' in  forming'over  :it. a-, coating, which is constantly^being  thickened.   Thus the pearl grows, and  if'removed'before' it-is '.'ripe'.'^asv'ttie  pearl seekers say, much may. Jbe  sacri-.  feed in point of'size  and consequently^  of   value.    It is> advisable,. says,:i;Mr.,  Kunz, to search every creek and^ river'  where - limestone Js . the, characteristic,  rock of the country j since  the'mussels  ���������'''''usually secrete pearls urider.-thisfgveolog-'sjs  . ical condition.   Since it is possible .to-  1 "open thousands of mussels'wittiontffinjl-.  ing a single stone of value, the pearL  fishers learn to know from their outside*  appearance what specimens  ar.e .'likely  to prove worth the trouble.    The finest^  / pearls are contained in old,, distorted and*  diseased shells.  Odd protuberances of ten*'  "'mark the ��������� location  of the-gem.'dnsidof  ���������which,   by, drawing all   the  animal's  forces for its'sustenance, has weakened,  tbe shell at that part and.- causedi,it;to  ' become.deformed. j f,  Besides, being  of, many  colors,   the.  fresh water pearls sho.w  a wide variety'  of shapes.  Many'are perfectly* globular;'  while others are formed, like cartridges;  mallets, buttons and even take the more'  '"fanciful aspects of feathers  or.1 "fishlike  '. creatures.  Pearls have been found which  in   tint,   size, and  general  appearance  were precisely like a'drop" of "molten  copper.   The white pearls'are still most"  ���������   prized for  general, use, although. ,tl j  of other tints are often really hnndsoif  "j  and have become quite  popular'iri' th *v!  country. ;.   ���������-     ''.*'������     ��������� '*?***'.'     j  .Some of the earliest Amorican.pea  <������  came from near Waynesville, O., $3,0 ;;  ���������worth being collected iri'th'a't'lreigh^ if  hood  during  the  pearl   excitejnent? of  ' 1878.    Largo and valuable pearls from!  mussels have been obtained in New Jer ���������������  sey, but the streams there have not been1  'productive in recent  years.' r It was in'  -1857 that-the "queen pearlV .wasi found*  at Notch   Brook, near  Paterson." .It is-  round, has  a  beautiful   luster, weighsj  93   grains   and   measures  about  five-,  eighths of an inch in diameter.    It was  . sold to the Empress Eugenie jof, France  for $2,500.  Thero was great'excitement  after this discovery, and' thousands  of  mussels were destroyed . in< further  researches.  A large round pearl weighing  400   grains,  wliicb,  "Mr:    Kunz *says,  ���������would doubtless'have been" the'finest of,  modern times, was ruined   byr boiling  open the shell in order to extract it.    ,  Early in the summer of 1'889' some  magnificent pearls were found.in rivers  and creeks in various counties of Wisconsin. More than $10,000 worth" were  sent to New York in ttfreVmonths."- In  color they were principally copper red,  purplish red and dark pink;  The "pearl  or The mollusirs rnerem, and other destructive agencies are to be found iu  freshets and the depredations of hogs  and mu^krats in search of food.  Iu fishing for pearls the shell of tho  bivalve should be opened as soon as it is  taken from the water. This is because  the stone is injured by being left in the  shell until tho animal decays. Som'e-  tiines a pearl which appears dull and  worthless is merely coated with* an onfc-  ^er opaque layer, which   being removed  by means of" a'weak  and acid solution  -deaves the lustrous gem iu its beauty.���������  ,New York Tribune.  THE STAGE DRIVER'S BLUFF.  OLD SMOKESTACKS.  An Article Fox- -Which There Is Always a  '" ��������� * Demand.  Among   the  very   great   variety   of  things,that may be   bought  at  secondhand   are  smokestacks   of  iron   or  of  Bteel. , It may be that an establishment  puts in a'bigger boiler and wants a bigger stack.   If   it is using  a  steel or an  'iron stack, the old   one  is  taken down  'carefully and a'new one set up.  Tho old  sta'ck' may be.sold to a dealer in second-  band   boilers  and   machinery,    or   the  owner,may keep.it and sell  it himself  to   somebody that wants  a  secondhand  .smokestack.   If it is sold to a dealer, he  may remove it  to, his' own  yard, or it  may';betfttiat,the original owner keeps it  '.oil' his  premises'until   the  dealer has  'sold it'.  A manufacturer may move from'  ''one place to 'another' and   sell   the old  -plant, or-parts of it. ^ Here would   be n  secondhand* .-smokestack.     Secondhand  ;stacks axe bought .by various users.    It  may ha that tbe smokestack of an establishment's worn 'out and that the boil(t  is "not "'and'1" thai; a' secondhand   ttack  would last out the life of the boiler.  In  sn'ch/a case tho user would get a second-  - band stack if *he could find one suitable.  *Secondhand^,etacks   may be  used,with  ��������� various temporary plants set up by con-  Ktractor.sjand others. ' A sinokestack'muy  be^ bio\vn4,dow1n' in, a windstorm and the  nser supply the'"place  of  it'1 with''en:'  bought secondhand/,  *"^?fjjteei or iron'stack costs about hali  as much as a brick stack.   A secondhand  iron stack costs about half as much as a  new one.  Stacks of metal are made now  ^usually of; .steel..- -The steel ���������used costs  now <less;fthan wrought  iron.'   There i������  ,aij, increasing ,-nse  of  steel  instead   oi  brick stacks!'  Steel stacks up to 6 and 7  'feet iii' diameter  would   be  classed a.1  portable stacks; larger stacks would be  df'more' 'or less  permanent  character  Steel'smokestacks;are now.  made up tc  ^1,8 feet in diameter.-  Very large.smoke-  -stacks may be,lined with brick.  .- -Secondhand   smokestacks up to 2 feet  ,in diameter, are likely *tol be  found   in  stock in tlie yard of tbe dealer in secondhand boilers'and machinery, and  he is  likely to have-stacks of larger sizes elsewhere.    There'is always a demand foi  ^secondhand    smokestacks.���������New   York  fSun.   .���������  it -  'AVOIDING '"A TOUCH,  fronj  "You   poor thing.  I run up stairs and  fever" in Wisc6usin raged violently in  1890 and 3 891. Hundreds of men, women and children flocked to the creeks,  the men and boys assuming the task of  getting the mussels out of "thV water;*  while the women and girls bpenedithem.  From 1 to 50 pearls were often found  in a single shell. After a time the Wisconsin streams seemed to be worked 'but,  '. "and the'fishing  grounds\ changed.    At  present the chief pearl producing states  .  ar8  Kentucky}   Tennessee,   Texas   aad  " 'Arkansas/ " ������������������'������������������'   '-'''������������������''���������-���������������-i't        ������������������������������������**  ' ;,   . The pearls are usually found by farmers, who  hunt for them in their spare*  time, or  by  unemployed   country   villagers, who  are. looking  out for  some  , ,,-method of-^^making money quickly-with-,,.  ^f^|out too much bard Iabbr.;ic:|']J|ie destruc:^  ,?^ive ihodov of '".pea'rl^sbjinjgl^hicn pre-'  S^Vails in  this cbuntrfeisiMe'sp^nsible for  '^'%the>fact  thatricbu Mreams?soon become'  -^exhausted.    Mussels ���������arejfdiestroyed Sby.  the b-dsbel, anti'Jn t]be has^e of the pearl?  seekers sufficient'time is not taken to sor.t  them   over  first, gick'&pnt those ���������v^hioh  promise rewards - :andr throw \hv othprs  back into the water. InvSaxonyand Bavaria the pearl fishers have instruments  by  means   of which   they can   open a  ���������mollusk withont injuring it. If no pearl  is  insid.ej the  shell  can be   closed and,  the animal restored to its element again. ���������:  The  factory refuse  and  sev^ago which  pollute  so  many streams  iri-^the moroj  thickly settled parts of  the country are  also   resnorisiblo   for the extermination  - Onev Woman's Cheerful   Method of Den  ii,. ine a Polite Request.  ������������������-. Men have something  to   learn  ^tvomen in,.the art of warding ofl  "touches'' for coin.  Women respond tc  jsucb requests about once in every thousand times,' but they are scientific in  their' refusals.    A Washington  woman  "with a reputation as a borrower turnec  up'^at the home of one of her friends the  other morning with a   much  done ovci  : story, about a persistent and tbreatcniup  dressmaker and the usual request for  the loan���������"pay it back tomorrow, certain"���������of $5.  '" " Why, my dear; certainly," was the  ���������pleasant response  to  ber  carefully re-  ��������� hearsed little yarn.  - you !   Just wait till  get my-purse."  She ran up.stairs.    The male head oi  the .house happened to   be   in   the roon.  whjere she kept ber purse.    He saw Lei  Idig the. purso out of a chiffonier drawfi  and deliberately remove  a wad of bilk  from it, leaving about 37 cents in silver  and copper  in   the  change  receptacle.  .The man was mean enough to lean ovei  the stair   railing   when  his   wife wcr  down stairs to the parlor with her flattened pocketbook in her hand.  ] ���������.'"*,"������b'hl; 'I'm" so   sorry,   Mrs. .X.,"   he  'beard her' say, *'but I really   thought 1  'Itad   the   money.  vI  find,   though, thai  ' John,'as usual, has been at my: purse���������  I"'heard him. say   something  about settling a plumber's bill last night when 1  Was half asleep���������-and   the   mean   thi;*������  has only left  me  enough   for carfare.  Too bad! Of course, you know, if I had  it," etc.��������� Washington Post.  ���������   '<    The Coin Camo Back.  "I havo once or twice read how small  tho world was," said   a  young fellow,  "and ence cr twice I have   seen stories  .of the1 same kind I am going   to tell.    ]  confess I never  believed them, but nov  I; know better.    Last   summer, when in  .JSTew York on  my  annual   visit, I was  struck   with   a     sudden     whim    and  scratched my'luitials on a 25 cent piece,  cutting into the silver  deep  enough tc  make a lasting,impression.  I paid for a  '.roigar ,in,.the  Hofi'man   House with   the  rtcoin and guyed myself with being fool-  ;,|i?h.   I had forgotten all about the quarter when I entered a Carrollton car and  * gave a half dollar to the conductor. Im--  agino my surprise when he  handed me  in change the 25  cent   piece  I spent in  the Hoffman House! I think I willkeej  the coin now and ever more as a curiosity," and tho speaker pulled the money  from his.ppeket and showed  it in verification   of   his    Etory.���������New   Orleans  Times-Democrat.  Hairbreadth   Stories of  Accidents Which  failed, to Awe One Passenger.  Ab we left  Sandy Gulch   for   Rising  Sun there were six  male   passengers to  go by the'stage, and the route was over  the mountains and  full   of  chances  of  ���������lisaster. ' The   driver' came out  from,  breakfast as soon as the stage was ready,  and looking about on the, passengers'he  selected   a   small, pale faced   man   arid  invited  him ' to  climb' up heside>him..  While the.pale faced man was climbing  the driver whispered to the rest of us: ^  "I picked him out-in- order  to scare?  bim to'death.    You fellows will  see  a  heap -of ,fun  before  wo'ye   gone   ten  miles." ' y    ,  Two minutes west  of  tho  gulch the  road made a sudden turn, with a sheer���������������  fall of 100 feet down to Wild Cat creek,  and the driver put his horses at tho gallop and said to the man : /  '"We may get around all right, or \yo  may fetch up down below.- Hold your  breath and say your prayers."  Tho passenger made no movo and did  not change countenance, and after making the course all right the driver rather,  indignantly demanded:,  "Didn't you seo that the off .wheel  run within a foot of the edge of ' the'  precipice?" ' '    '"  '"It ran within six inches, Bir,'" waB  the reply., "      , ��������� I \  c ",   *  Beyond the curve was a down grade  of a mile, and with a yell and a flour-,  ish of 'his whip. the. driver urged his  horses to a dead run.- The five,of us in-  side had to , hang on for dear, life, and  svery'half' minute the stage seemed  bound tojjo over.    ������������������������������������*'-.  "Did you'know that if we'd struck a  rock  we'd  all  been dead" men  in no  timer"- ," '       ���������   . ���������  "Of course."  .VAnd..you wasn't prayin?" ,,      , ,; -,  "Not at all." \   r' " ������  . Three or, four, miles farther on the  'Jriver tried his man with another curve."  In his' determination to make a close  iall of 'it'one wheel rah off rthe edge of  the precipice, and 'only a/ sudden'effort  of the horses saved the coach, v Wo .were  flung in a'heap and frightened, half, to  death, but the man besidq the driver  never-lost a puffu of his,- cigar. , When  things,were safe, the driver turned ' oh  him'with': - '  . '''That surely was the''brink  of "the  grave/."  '     ' "' . -     \ . {   , ,  "Guess it was," was the quiet reply.  ��������� '"The closest shave you will everthev  ��������� till tho last one comes." ^       ;  ���������;,;!  "Yes."' ' ������  . '   ���������  '   "See horo.-now, but what sort of  a  critterjareyou?" was tho query.   "Don't,'  you kupw 'nuff to gitskeart?" '  "Nothing has happened yet  to scare  roe."   ' "'      ' ":  ���������  ' "But mebbe you want me'to drive  plumb overa.precipice 1,000 feet high?"  "If you conveniently can. The fact  is, I came eff up here intending-to commit suicide,- and if you can dump the  whole of us over some cliff you'll cbljge  me."���������Atlanta Constitution.  'if-'  Kiced,while> discussing ..affairs all day,  needless and endless repetitions take  place and the obnoxious "I say" introduces half; the phrases that are uttered.  We.haven't any explanation to'- make,  however, or remedy to offer.���������New  York Times. '      *    "*  A.TYPE AND AN APPLICATION.  THE &IANT 0STEIGH.  SOME OF THE PECULIARITIES OF THE  .    . AFRICAN   BIRD. " *'  had;  L*ile Kurncl Bupont wus a critic an he  _   kind word fer no one,  3ut he roasted some ieller men daily from his  -������������������"   ;' Roods box scat in the sun. . ,  Pete Eond  wus "a  plug   of a  farmer;"   Ike  ��������� Blume tvus "no lawyerat.'all;"  Bill, Higgins wus ' "sccili  a  pore  doctor it's a  ''  wonder he'd once got n call,"  A.n ef.he \y.u>slm'all er their places he'd r'aly  do somctlnn er bust.  When the fact.is,   he'd never done nothin but  ��������� criticised," whittled an cuss'd!  riie world lias a wholo lot cr lturnels, an thorn  ;     '   as'ain't kumels beside,  /'Piat foiler his style an fercver the failin's er  .' other folks deride.   ,��������� ' -   '  'rou can count on  this ,item ns certain���������II:at,  tho one'flint is loudest to blamo  Ts the feller that fell down the soonest in the  ,   race after riches er far.iO>  An every'pore mortal thntlMrfscn knows well  ��������� ,that the'maxim is true, '     ' ,    '  That talkin is easy   as eatin, but achievin is'  harder-to do;    .   '     ' ��������� '���������  ���������Will T. Halo in^.Cir.cinnnti Enquirer.  A^Fctfp Into!tJ������o JTutare.     " ' "  '"Ta-as,'I'm goin ter de'frout "cause  of *ye'r spnrniir me,"' Guinivere'Clancar-  ty,'an when,I'm'kilt- an'layin1 under a  immense -monument ycz kiu.-.como,an,  sit ou.do steps of it an- bemoan'do fates  dafc mado,yez ,declin,e .ter^be^a-soldier's  bride. "���������-New York Journal.   .,  The Hcason Why.  Thorty'^s wii'e sailed, in ,a ship that  wis'" delayed at sea for a* week by'a  broken screw:' Eventually'tho ship and"  Mrs. Thnrty arrived safely,- but not before the local editor ���������had produced ans  alaborate .obi.tu'ary notice_v,of ^'the^ imperiled matron.', A friend called^Tbor-,  ty's attention toi tho account. "Tiiorty  read it, and his tears fell fasti  "Do not weep, " exclaimed his friend;  "she is with us yet, you know." * / " '  "Yes,"   answered   Thorty,> between"  sobs, "that, is why I .weep."���������Judy.-*  Tho Method of Kunningr and GetLinj; Over  a  Wire   Fence���������How food   Travels   Up  and   Down -That' Long-,   Sinr.ons   Neck.,  Matinur,  Building Nests and Ureeding:.  The ostrich ' has  been  observed with < ,  interest from very early-times. ' It 'baa  frequently been   the subject of  remark  by African'^travelers, pnd.it  has. been  domesticated and  farmed in   tho Capo   ���������  Colony for some 30.years.    Yet it is re-  markablo how, little is known, about it  iii scientific circles and how uiauy mis-   ���������  conceptions still prevail as to its'nature  and habits.",    ' J  ; This article is  founded on   personal   -  observations made during nino j-ears of*,'  uninterrupted   ostrieb   farming,, in   tho  Karroo of tho Cape Colony and during  travels about tho country generally'.  ,   ' Tho ostrich"i< hen lays every   day .and  ' th������ egg weighs about threo pounds.'   It  ' is a'taetyiand' nutritions food, .however  prepared, very, rich, aud .excellent ,for   '  *'making  pastry and cakes. ' The' empty  shell of  a fairly large one exactly held    <  the'contents of J 8 fowl's eggs.   It takes  about 40 'minutes to boil an,ostrich egg*  bard'.���������''Thb'period-'o'f incubation is about  six weeks.        __    ! ��������� ��������� ���������    ?  ~   7^    - ���������  i Tbe old idea that an ostrich can only  leap over a.very low fence or across but  tho narrowest'sluit(gulley) is incorrect.  Tho birds will when etarfled (uever'de-  libera'tcly)' "sometimes -go ��������� overv,a''six> ������������������  strand wire:fence"nearly five feet-high, "  putting ono foot on one  of  tho middle'  wires and striding'-overtBe^other.-*"'*^"*^^ '<���������  Considerable misconception^, prevails* ���������-_  is  td^'the inanner inywbich' tno"'ostrich"i  runs.5--1 VXhenja' bird"really;."settles^itsolf."  to' fun^it^hb'lds^. its*-head^ lower": than",'  usual and a littlo forward, with a deep  loop in '.rthp /rie^k.J"; Tho.'.ncclj^ vibrates  sinuously, but the bcadfremains steady,  thus  enabling, the;'bird,   even   at 'top.  spe'edT to^lo'ok  around '-witu. ^unshaken,  glanco iuf'any-Jdirection., -The w.ings lie  along tho sidesabout on a level with or  a little, higher than tho  back  and ,are  held loosely, just free of, the  plunging  "tHigh.".-; tThero is no attempt to hold .  Stopped the Fight.  "Well," said Bliggs while sitting up  in bed talLing with.the family lawyer,  "I'll tell you all about it, but not a  word to any one else, mind you. I'm a  sight and scarred up like the hero.of a  German university,'but I suppose it's  something to be alive.  "You  know   the  governor has  been  urging r>ie to strike out  and see what I  could do for  myself.- He'd advance the  money, to bo charged against my share  of  the estate of  course.    I kept my eyo  open and I saw a chance that was worth  a  fortune in one  plunge.    A couple cf  fellows  in   our  set  had   a falling out,  with which I think jealousy had something   to  do, and agreed   to put on the  gloves as  a   safe and honorable way of  settling   their differences.    They had a  private hall, and   it"didn't require tv.o  thoughts  on ,my part  to  convince me  that a reproduction of their mill would  make a hit  and fortune.   To make sure  I provided myself with both a vitascope  and  a veriscopo.    I  had  a   big pile of  films on hand for tho occasion, and yon  know that   these films are of celluloiu.  Tho janitor was my fellow conspirator.  ."About'the   third, round, and while  we  were  getting  along   swimmingly,  .there was an explosion like'the blowing  up of a dynamite factory, the select audience stampeded, the principals hustled  down   the   back   stairs  and the   police  found   me unconscious" under a wreck.  Something had   set  that  celluloid off,  and  I'll  never know what did it.    No  one else has a theory.  Just tell,the governor that I made a bad investment. "���������  Detroit Free Press.  'I  guoss I'll havo to  A,Difficult Position.      -       ;' ���������  - "It's,pretty bard,"   said tho tutor to  the king of Spain.  '  resign this position  "What is tho difficulty?" inquired the  friend. ' '  "I don't take enough interest in politics. I quoted a-maxim which' stated  that it is reprehensible and dangerous  to *livo * beyond one's means, and ho  threatened to have me prosecuted for  treason."���������Washington Star. t  ,  Gavo Himself Away. '*  "Old Bullions say's he isn't rich at  all, but I know better." ���������   '���������  "H-hm ! How did you got your infor-  mation?'''      , (  "From himself.  He told mo not long  ago   that   thero   was  no such   thing as  luck   in   business.    You  never hear an  unsuccessful  man talk in that strain.",.  ���������Cincinnati Enquirer.  (  Now York English.  We have been told by a keen and intelligent observer who has returned to  this city after a sojourn of two years  abroad that the average New Yorker .is  becomiug very careless with his English ; not only does he jumble bis words  together iii every conceivable sequence,  but he makes a gesture to supply a' noun  or, verb and rattles off slang the analogy  of which is often intelligible -only to,,  himself. Withont recalling for tbe;mo-,  rnent any specific examples,-we believe  our friend to be correct. He does not go  far enough, however; there is another  side. .If tbe New Yorker at times'trie?  to get an idea out in the fewest possible  words, on other occasions he is tediously  tautological and prolix. One has only  to keep an open ear in a car ride up  town to find confirmation for this.  Here, as though relaxing the exigency  of economv of soeech that has been urac-  A Plea.  ' The Prisoner's Counsel���������Gentlemen  of the jury, I wish to call your attention  especially to this mitigating fact,,, that  my client has spent more than half ot  his life in prisons. Living in such surroundings, how, gentlemen, would ic  be possible for him to' be anything but  a criminal?���������Heitere Welt.  A Test Case.  "Of course I know he's an awfully  Strait-laced sort of .Johnnie, but it'sjeatiter a tall order to say he never uses  strong language, isn't it?"  "I don't know. I met him the "other  day, and he said ifc 'was oppressively  warm."���������Punch.  A Sufficient Reason.  . Judge���������Can you givo any reason why.  sentence of corirt should not be pronounced on you for picking that man's  pocket? '    ���������' '        ,. '   .   ^  Culprit���������Yer honor, I���������er���������did ifc in  a fit of abstraction.���������San Francisco Examiner. ���������������������������������������������'''  Other Way Arow'nd.  Mrs. Nagley ��������� Two thirds of tho  scolding wives are caused by you men's  clubs.  Mr. Nagley���������No,,.my dear. Tho clubs  are caused by .tho scolding wives.���������New  York Journal. ?���������  Kow They Don't Speak.  Miss Blackleigh (looking atih'er.pho;-  tograph)���������-I should like to know what  people say about my picture.  Miss.Daisy���������No, dear, I don't think  you would.���������Boston >Transcrix->t.  Needed tho Iloom.  "Isn't it possible to travel abroad  with less luggage?"  " What would you do? Yon can't get  th'em to pasto the labels i:i a scrap-  book."���������Detroit Journal.  them extended  or-to derive* any. assise- '  ance-.from������tbem. as organs of. flight. ���������,. ,K   ..,  -    Even as a chick tho ostrich is a pow-\  cffnl swimmer    I have known' several  .birds to swim'some distance ��������� down ''the  Great Fifc:liTriver''when*'it was*ruuniug'  fairly strong.,;-^?^.  .   "'  ^    \-'    - '  1    The ostrioh^feeds in a; peculiar man--  ner.  Ittossestho food into, a sack in the  upper part of tfie neck   and ''theu-swal- '  lows it.    I have seen a bird ,'toss fully a-"  quart of ������mealies (Indian corn)'into this,  sack   before swallowing, and   ifc   is tio i  common thi'ng   to Keo -two "swallows"  traveling  down the  neck  at the   same  timo with a clear interval- between them "  or.to see one of them (if  cf   largo' aud  loose food���������e. g., grain) slide, back into'  the* sack after  being "swallowed   if  tbe  bird lowers its head to continue feeding  before tho- food   has'traveled somo considerable distance down the neck.   The  food travels slowly and performs a complete circuit of the neck before reaching  the crop.    Crushed   bones    re   greedily  eaten.  If too large  a pieco bhould stick  iu tho neck, it is a simple matter to cut'  it out and sew tho wound up again.  As.the breeding  season approaches a  cock   and   hen   will   pair,  and, having,  selected  a  site, congenial   to   their in-,  clinations,' proceed to make a nest.  Tho nest is simply a hollow depression, moro * or less deep./according to  the nature of the soil. It is made by  the pair together. The cock goes down  on his breast, scraping or kicking the  sand out backward with his feet, cutting the earth with his long and powerful nails. The hen stands by, often  fluttering and clicking her wings, aud  helps by picking up tho sand-with her  beak and dropping it irregularly near  tho edge of the growing depression.  When satisfied with their work���������and  they are easily satisfied, often too easily  ���������the hen begins to lay an egg iu the  nest every day. Duringthe laying period  the nest is often unattended and is not  slept on at night. A nest in .which only  one hen is laying contains on the aver-  age about 15'eggs, but Eheoften begins  to sit before she has laid ber- fall cont-  ���������plem.ht. Sometimes showill lay four  or fivo after beginning to sit, though  not of ten so many.. The ,hon, generally  begins the sitting. Sho will occasionV  ally sit for one or two days and nights  before the cock takes hia'turn. When  sitting assumes its regular course, the  hen sits from 8 to 9 a. m. to about 4  p. m., and the cock from 4 p. m. to  about 8 or.9 a. m. Tbe bird whoso turn  ifc is to bo on the nest keeps its seat until the other arrives to relieve ifc, when  they at once change places.  The color of each is admirably adapted to the time spent on t-ho.: nosfc, and  furnishes interesting exr������npies of protective coloration. It is scarcely possi- .  '��������� bio'to conceive a more effective disguise  than'the sober brownish gray of the hen  for day sitting and the black of the  cock for night.-���������Zoologist.  Those Variegated Symptoms.  ��������� .  Undo Ephraim���������Well, I'll bo dinged  if I ain't got the meningitis.   .  Aunt Martha���������Do tell, Ephraim, and  how do you know? ;  "Why, I've been readin a hull pago  of symptoms in this here almanac, and  I'll be eternally doggasted if I ain't  bad.it always. How in tbunder have I  lived?"���������San Francisco Examiner.  ' i  7! i.   i*i m* 11
��� ��f*w*. t^-*^.*-.
.    UNS'JNQ.
As sweet as the bieath that poea
From the lips of the white rose,
, As weird,as the elfin lights .   *' ;
" That glimmer of fro-sly nigtits, -     '
As wild as the winds that tear
-The curled red leaf urtlie air,'
Is the song I have never sung. .
In slumber a hundred times
il've said the enchanted,rhymes,
But er<st open my eyes
This gho-s' of a poem flies.
' Of the interfluent strains      , ;
Not even a note remains.    , -, '
I know by my r>ulscs'-beat
It was something -wild and sweet,
And my heart was strangely stirred
, By an unremembered word.
,ti.    1   .    .
I strive, but I'strive in vain,   --
To recall tho lost retrain.'
"On gome'miraculous day
Perhaps it will come to stay.
In some unimagined spring
I may find my voice and sing
The song I have never Fung.
- -T. B. Aldrich.
It  <
* v.
, She was one of tboso charming girls
* ���," born   by a freak of destiny .ih.affamily.
,, of .toilers.    Sho  had no fortune, no cx-
* pectations, no' means of satisfying her
ambitions except   by a marriage with a
'rich and distinguished man," and, as she
knew none, in order to'escape from her.,
surroundings'she'married a clerk in the
office of the minister of  public ins true-'
tion.        , I     '���     ^ ���       /; /  \\t     .  "��� <
She dreamed of  beautiful halls,' dis-
rt""*���cre'etly"'lighted' -'by-'candles -in   great
'  bronze candlesticks, 'whose' -rich carpets'"-
* gave  back  novsounds and whose wails"
^   ,were��� covered with" silks from the orient,   and  of 'obsequious' footmen; half
^asleep" in ^their' largo ^armchairs, ready
*  "to attend 'to'your every want at a mo-
ment'snotice; of large salons drapechin-
- ancient silks, of "etagers"covered with
priceless/bvic-u brae.  She" thought also
. .of,,coquettish  small" salons,  made  expressly for  the ,'' 5 o'clock,'' "wheh oim,
'receives only one's intimates or distin-1
gnisbed'men'of letters; from"wbom it' is
every woman's ambition to receive , attentions.,- r-<   -'     -     ,,.,<>,.,..,���! i'
^ When ��� sho ^was, seated^at">'theAtable,
whose  cloth had already done duty for,
three  days, or  opposito   her husband,'
who evinced bis entire satisfaction with
the evening repast by sucb exclamations
.'as, ,".Oh, the good 'pot-au-feu!'   I: know ;
���    nothing   better," her  imagination carried-her away, to  stately banquet'halls,.,,
>�� : whose walls were covered-with rich tapestries,    portraying "scenes >\inr  which
"���ancient  personages- and /strange  birds"
,  were'pictured in the middle of- a' fairylike forest.  She  pictured the glittering
] .silver, strange dishes, exquisitely served  on marvelous plate, cand gallantries
'    whispered  and   listened   to  with   the
* -sphinxlike  smile with which a woman
of tho world knows so well how to conceal her emotions, all the while eating a
. rosy trout or dallying with a wing of a
lark. She had.no toilets, no jewels, *
and it was .for these things-that she
longed as the fleet Arabian longs for
���' his native desert.' What pleasure to
have pleased, been envied, to be^ seductive and sought after!
Sho had a rich friend, a comrade
from the convent, whom she ,no longer
visited, because sba suffered from seeing the things sho could not have, and
on returning wept whole days for grief,
regret, despair and distress.   ^ '   <
One evening her husband came home,
radiant, holding in his hand a largo
"Seo,". said he, "here is something
for you."
She nervously tore open the envelope'
and drew out  a card on  which   these
* words were printed:
"The minister of public instruction
and-Mme. Georges Ramponeau beg the
honor of  the company of M. and Mme.
,  Loisel for the evening of Monday, Jan.
* 18 ., ��� ^ .   -.   -
Instead of being wild with delight, as
ho bad expected, she threw the invitation on tho table, with an exclamation
of disgust, saying sullenly:
"What do you wish me to do with
"But, my dear, I thought you would
be so pleased. You never go out, and
this is an event. I'only obtained it after infinite trouble. Everybody wants
one. They are much sought after,1 and
they are not generally given to employees. You will see there all of the official
wdrld." ".'   \    V:'.������''����������� ���;.   ;  -.���     -
She looked at him with supreme disdain and said impatiently:.
" What would you like me to wear?"
The secret was out. Manlike, ho had
not thought of that. ;' . ,v
".   "But���the  dress���that  yori wear,to ,
tbe theater,"   stammered he.   "You always look beautiful to me inJthafc."  . ,(,:
He  stopped   speaking, stupefied  and '
dismayed  on   seeing his wife in   tears.'
Tw.o large  tears trickled: slowly down
her cheeks.
MWhat, is  the matter?. What is the
matter?" asked he tenderly.. By violent
effort sho conquered her grief and'ca'lm\
ly said, while'wiping her humid cheeks::
".Nothing���only I have no toilet, and
of  course  cannot go.   Give the card.to
one  of  your  comrades   whose wife is
fortunate  enough   to  have   something
suitable for the occasion."
Despairingly he said:     '. >
"See,   Mathilde,- how  much will  a
dress cost  to  wear  to  this '"ball���one
which  can also be1 used for otmir occasions; something very simple?"   ���
She reflected1 a  few moments, figur
ing in her own mind the sum she conic
ask without  danger  of  immediate refusal  and  frightening  her economical
nusband. Finally she hesitatingly said:
"I do not know exactly, but it seems
to me I might "manage with about 400
He paled'a'little,' because he had been"
saving just that sum to buy a gun for
the following summer, when he would
go with' some of his friends, to the
plains of Nanterre on Sundays to shoot
larks. Stifling his regrets,' however,, he.
replied: t,. /,,,-* '
"Very well; I will give yon' 400
fratics, bnt try - to have a -beautiful
Tne day of the fete drew\near, but;
���Mme. Loisel' seemed sad," anxious and
uneasy. Her toilet was ready���what
could it be? Her husband ' said to her
one evening:   '     > ��      '
;' ������" What/is the matter? Yon havo been
so queer for the last few "days. "
She replied: "It "worries i me that'-1
have not one jewel, not a precious stone
to wear. What a miserable figure, I
shall be! I think I would rather not go
at all."   '     " ���
"Yon can wear natural flowers. It is
all the'rage at this season, and for 10
francs you can have two or three mag-;
nificent rosos." '      ������   '
*But sho was not convinced. .'   '
. "No, there is nothing more humiliate
ing than to bV poorly dressed among-so
many rich women." '   > ,; \   (11<
���r z"But how silly you are!   Go to your
friend   Mme. Forestier and  askhar'io
lend you her1 jewels. You are friendly^-
ehoughwith her to do that.','   "'u , - *"
She gave a cry of joy. .-      *   ���'-'
that is true. I had not thought'
we should'haVe-heara^rt^drbp^ It ought
to beja t,hevcarriage. 'I, ,���,. f ^, w .      .,
"Yes, it is possible.   Did yon take the'
riot' look at
jf�� f*'*^   .-
"No, "and you did
���ither?" M>- ������ ;      "
"No.""        _-_     -   -'t'V;
r   Tliey looked-at  each c^th.er <earf m
<|Tinally;Loisel dressed himself,^, lj4f ivj
"L^shall  go over ,thevWhqleflgrotrmi
that we traveled.on foot/to see whether.
I cannot find,it." " "' ^ ',7;' t     ,_; |'" *i
He* went'out.   ShoJ'sat'JstiirHin' her
brilliant ball'*toilet,"no^'d'esire^to'sleen/"'
no power" to think���all swallowed 'up^in
the fear of the calamity''whi,chAhad7;faljUv
en upon them. i - ,��� .< , r
H'er husband   came, in-, at^7,^o'clock-.,.;'
He had found nothing.^He-had beeii" to '
^tho  prefecture of the pcSice.^o the pa.-:
pers offering a reward, to" all  small cabi
speaK to ner? xes, certainly.
thattCth'et iSecklaqe
,.   "Yes, t
of it:"' '
And now
-,was.paid -for   she
would tell her everything.  Why not?
��)a% walked   up   to   her   and  said,
"Good day, Jeanne."
Forestier didrnot recognize her
ifdedf astonished ''at 'being spoken
to so  familiarly by this woman of the
people.* "+\ ���������  ��� -������'���   -'��. I'. w��j   -
. 0 "But���madame���I do not���I  think
���you are-mistaken."  ,-. ���
"No,,! am Mathilde Loisel."
4, ^V��9/fe��. *?y* p9?r Vathilde, how you are
Changed!*''       '^ "A" "
��    4^es, I have had   lots of troublo and
^tnisery'Binoe last I saw you���and all for
- i "Forme? And'how was that?"
"Dp you  remember  the necklace of
' diamonds", yon  lent  me to .wear to the
minister's ball?"
*r "-Y^ Well?//r;., -, ���  , ,
���'/"Well, I ldst it.'�� ���v"
gflJJLost it!,ttHow could yon, since you
returned it to me?" v
tih.,'^1 returned you one just like it, and
lor ten  years we. have- been paying for
it.   Yon  know it was not easy, for us,
finished and
* The following day she w;ent to bet,
friend and explained her predicament^
Mme:" Forestier'1'went to }a* closet and
took out a large casket, and opening it
said*: ���*>r^ 'r^    "''"'",   ' '   *',:
j   "Choose, my dear. They are atfybnr
seryice." ;_"     '",',' '!��,'��� "<   -
She'saw first  bracelets/then.a heck-
lace of  pearls, a Venetian  croES, gold,
and 'precious stones of exquisite workmanship. She tried* them on before the
glass', unable, to decide whether towear
them or not. . ', '   ;" ,';   v      \ ''*'   *"   -
"Have you,nothingvelse?" 'said she..-'-
"Oh, yes, look  them  over/* I don't,
companies, iirtywhere,' in'^siiort, where
he coul'd have,Llie"shadbw-of*hopel'bf re;*'
covery.   ' *' *'*; -���- ^-i* ���**��" ',*. \ "
' Slie waited  all day'in-ithe��ametist(a$B*
of fear in .the face of this?frightful Jis-
.asteh. ,     v      w i" tta vjh)l ..)K�� ,  U
,.Loisel returned in^the.eyemingtpallfa
and hagcard." No news,as^jret.  ' \   I  ,'ita^, .����,**.<���%.!.-..-'. .���-. . -v-i..--
-..n-'f       '  ^      -j- * ���'���'��� -ii* ���* '���' * '*^       lwbo nad nothing: bat it-is
, "\ou u.ust write to yo*r,friendrthai    V     ^^   ������"ug   ��u. i�� *
/'-"!��� r-    .   ~        >���/?-/�� ./iai*. ns .��������}.        I am very happy."
yon have' broken thenclasp of tho^ueck-V
lace.- and \ are having it^rejaaijed.^That
will give us'timo.to lookjaroundV,' * ��"<
,,'   At the'end of tlie weektt'hej'*b*ad losC
���all hope, and Loisel, to'whom-'it seem��i
"ed tois care and trouble'nad*'adde*d' five ���
y'ears^to-'his'-age," saidfr-? SiV^is |    ,
'"' "We must  try and ^replace ftbe: je\��i:
els. "tv^v;   fi-^~* Vi^ty^xpto* w*.-t, \
- ^The .fol^wing :day. jiUey^eht, tojthe
-jeweler, whose_name-was^stajap^(rin-*
-side the case.   He' ccinsulr^ hisjbopks:
''Idid not sell that neoklabel mad'amefl'
.only furnished the case. "^, t ^    ,t r ,s^
Then'they wenVfrom^je*^eler to'jewel-
;er/rackYng tbeirf'mVnidries}fb'ifind the^
'same,'*-both""of ^theni^sick.iwith' grief
an d agony.^ A tftast,'-iniavsman !sbop^in
know, what might please you.       .  ^, ,
"   Suddenly' she' opened  a   black/ 6atin,
case, 'disclosing to view a superb 'riviere
of diamonds, and' her heart beat furiously with the desire of possession. 'ShV
took  them inciter  trembling hands arid
.pet them on over her simple high neck
gown and stood,lost in.au ecstasy of ad-'
miration  of  herself. " Then . fearfully,
hesitatingly; dreading- the-agony of  a
refusal, she said: ;
"Can you lend.melonlyuthat?!'   w,"c
s    ",W.hy, certainly%if it pleases you.*' '
She"'fell'^dn'1 her'' friend's  neck,'embraced her tempestuously, and then left
���hastily-with her treasure.  Ki
The day of-the bail arrived. JVTme.^
Loisel was a success. ,fjAmong all the
'beautiful women she was the most beautiful, ^elegant, gracious,and smiling with'
joy. She attracted the attention of some
of tbe most distinguished,men present,
and on all sides was heard: '   <��� i,
"Who is she?" _   a   .-
'    All the attaches of .the cabinet sought
'her dancing card eagerly, and .even the
'minister himself expressed his" approval.,.
She danced with pleasure, thinking   of
nothing but   the triumph of her beauty
and the glory of her success.  Intoxicated by all the admiration, she seemed to
float  through a cloud of happiness, intensified   by her  complete victory  and
"the tribute paid to her charms, so sweet
to the hearts of women.    She left about
4 o'.clock in the morning.   Her husband*
had  slept  since  midnight .in a  small
' room, deserted  except  by two or'three
gentlemen who also awaited their wives:
~He~threw over her shoulders the modest cloak which she had brought," whose
sbabbiness seemed to mock the elegance
of  the   ball toilet.    She felt the incongruity and walked   swiftly away in order not to be seen by those  whose rich
furs were more  in accordance'with the
"Wait," said her husband. "You
will take cold. I will call a carriago."
But she heeded him not and rapidly
descended the staircase. When they
reached the st-oct, there was no carriage
"in. sight, and they were obliged ; tolodk
for one, calling to the drivers who passed by, but in vain. Shiveriugly they
walked toward-kthe Seine, and finally
found on thd quay one..of those nocturnal coupes,one finds only in Paris after
dark, hovering about the great city like
grim birds of prey who conceal their
misery during the day. It carried them
to their di'or (Rue, de Martyrs), and
they slowly and sadly entered their
small apartments. It was ended for her,
and ho onlyvfemembered'ithafc he would
have to be at his desk.at.,10 o'clock.
;:She took off her clqak.iu iron*'of. tbe*
glass-in   crder  to admire herself once
more  in .,all,ht>r bravery,- but suddenly
she crie^ ouf/?;��The diamonds are gone!
the Palais JRcyal, ,they. fbrund ,c(ne���which
s-ieemed-^to -them 'like^he^e th'ey> bad
Jost.    With' beatiVgl.th^^l^e'Kakwat
the price. :.,Jt*i    ���, j jV
��   Forty   th-insand *  francs,i* btitr they'
could^h'aveit^for-aeiOOO francs! , {
1   They, asked -'the^jewelerj nofc^td dia-
pose<. oftiit cforithree.days,,and. he;also
..promised^, to,take/itL!),backs at ���.34,00���
francs if the . first^one.was found, before
thetend of February.   . * 4
,*: Loiserhaa^lniienttd   18,'00i^frrdaes|
Trbm his tather?';He'borrowed��� tbejrest.
He- borrowed 1,000-francs' frqprf on*,;.
-500'from tan other, !s5;.Ion-U3^her 6,^5 "louis<u
there./He gaveiuotes^xnade^ruinous en-/
-gagemeuts, -had-recourse,to th�� Usurers, ���
ran the whole gamut of money-lenders.
He  compromised'bis  whole ~existence
"risking   bis signature'without'.knowing
-that"it wonld^be hbiibred.^terrified by^t
the, agony?of  the: future/ by^the  black'
-misery which .enveloped^ him,",by the
^prospect of all.,tbe phy'sjearprivati'dns
and moral .tortures. "He wenTTior the
ii'ew \uecklace' and'''deposited*" "oa   the
"counter his '36,000,'fralicsr,!-ir *W* I
When Mme. Loisel re'turned-thejneck-
'VYouisay that you, bought a necklace
of   diamonds   to  replace" miner" said
Mme/Forestier:' n*i <.:v! f. .-i! t .       ,
"Yes, and you  never found it ont;
\Vere?so^much talike."   ^And; she
������smiled proudly.  * j
Touched tOjthe^heart.'Mme. Forestier
took*tbe-poor,.-rough, hands in  hers,^
drawing, he?., tenderly, toward her, her
voice filled with tears.       ,        ���
>^'"-Ohf^my?$poor 'Mathilde,�� but mine
They were'not worth more'"
��>from.jtbdfFzench of���Gay de Maupassant
For Short Stories.
.were false!
than! 5dVfrancs -at mostJV'-
*>��'*���   01**4 W9i>i.	
t��The' Newspaper   Man    Wait   Very   Tired
v     ,    When the Oriental Finished.! ,   .
���e1 ONpmberles's tare- the. tricks^vwhich
, newspaper reporters  play upon ono an-
other to relieve, the*somber "grind" of
Her husband^; already half asleep, starfc-
ed.at^the'crpand asked:
7- ^What^is-Uhe matter?'/
,  She turned toward hirh with a frigbt-
kenedair.*^:> $'���������?' ''.'"'-
- "I���I  have   lost, Mme.    Forestier's
He rose dismayed;5 .7    -
"What���how!   But  it is not possible. " ��� And .they immediately   began Jo
search  in . the   folds, of " the diress, the
cloak, in the" pockets���everywhere���and .
found nothing. '/   '
"Are you  sure that you had it when
you left the ball?"
"Yes, I felt itiwhile  still in tho vestibule at tb' minister's."
"But if   .vou had lost it in the street
lace to Mme: Fqrestier, she.coldly said:
." Yon should have re'turnjau>'i^?sdoner,
KB I might have needediit���"��L^ j ;
She did  not vopen^th.e;Jvcase^\the*<m*e''1
thing Mme. Loisel had^dreaded?  *What
.if she had dis'covered"'t'ne'*ch,'aif|'e-^wbat
'would, she' have!> tbotight?**'Would !ne*
not'be taken for a thief?.-^atfsc '
���* From'that time^on^Mme^-Loisel knew,
-what life meant -to .'the^yery Boprfin'alr
its phases.  She.tookherpa^t jje^roically.
This frightful debt m.ust oe.paid.f   H^er
share,of privations was'*'' firavely borge.
They' discharged   'their*^one*a*omestic,
changed their locationfa3dTente,d-Emall-
'er apartments near the rodf.'"1 ��*���'�� I &*?< .
' She knew now what meant the duties
of  the  household, the^heavj^w^rk   of
the kitchen. .'Her pretty,, han,ds,sb6n lost
all  semblance  of  thei caro^of^* b|ygppe.
days.    She washed, the .soiledjinen.aiul
dried <it,m iier room. (VShe werrt j every
morning to the street'witli^thV refuse of
the  kitchen, carrying "the 'water) stopping  at  each 'flight'of fstairs tp  take
breath���wearing the'dress'Of the vFdm?
en'of the  people,, she went eaoja'jday to
tbe  grocer, the ���fr'uiter^r.itjb&juutcher,
carrying  her  basket  on ' ber,arm,*bar-^
gaining,   defending  cent   by ,cent  hiv,
miserable money. '    t * rH " \       'ii
They were obliged each mouth ��to "pay
some notes and "renew'ot'h^rs in-order-*to
gain time.    Her husband w-erkedf in fcha>
evening, balancing. tbeY',books of  nie.r-,
chants- and   often was rbusy^all; nigbt*$
copying:at 5 cents a page.-. ,^,v<is  7^-,^:^
And' this  life' they endured: for;vtenv,
.years.:    ���> , :.,.-: ; -.. i.-,,:���, r^:j\"    ' J:   l^\\,
���   At the end of this time-th,ey;had���pa'frr*'*
���all the tax of the,usurers and pompouu^
interest.; .-������"���.', .',-3;-.   y;.-; ������(.���i^.-j;;  ��% ,\>::. ^
'Mme. Loisel   seemed-ran .-old womari
now.  Sho had become:strong!-and*hard^
as  the  women   of  the^proviuces.^lind^,
with'tousled head; short skirts ain'd re"d'
h a n d s s he w as for em os t' a m o'ng-1 h'e^lo aif s
voiced women df-'the lieigtinqrhood "wltd
^theirjoalling.,,:' T.w,o young men employ--
ed on, a morning  paper in a large.city,
were^detailedfone/day*;tof.call upon the
resident  Chinamen   and   "interview''
spec ting **/someJ'^immigration
en pending lh congress. Ono
^o��i tljei>twp,<reporte'rs;.>vas va,fbeginner,^
��� and  tbe other,   an ' experienced   man','*
^"naturally/'assumed ^the-j.management of
tho assignment      ���(s '
w^4^iHings?^fie^rai*d*"after; they; had-
*1lnvac!edr several* Jaundries* without any
important result, ^"here* is a tea store. -I,
ftWish' you would go ^iu, and .talk with
the proprietor. I want tp��kuow what be
.thinks about,Chinamen vnting.    I'll go
on and pull off  an   interview with the
man 'wlio  runs .this.? cigar, shop * next
* doorf^Remembcr - to .-use tho very'simr
plest English at-your cpminaud." *
-������The  young  reporter went inside the
'*fea* store, took out his ^-notebook, and
thus'acldresse'd'the proprietor,* who'happened to bo alonoat the moment:
"John; how?. Me���me���Telegraph,
John! Kewspape���savvy, John? News-
"���pVpo���print things/^Un'stan? Mo want
know what John think about Chinaman vote, see? What John think���Chi-
namau-^votb'-^-air same Melican man?
,SAvvy, J��hn?. Vote? 'What think?"
The Chinaman listened to   him with
-Disappointed   Bac  and   Bottle   Man
and the Determined Lady.
A rag and bottle man was passing a
house in the suburbs tbe other day, making tbat part of the earth hideous with
his yells of "R-a-a^a-a-a-gs! Ra-a-gs,
botte-e-e-ls!   Rags aiT bottles to buy!"
He was passing a house when a woman   in   a  pink calico Mother- Hubbard,
with   her  hair  in  brown curl  papers,
threw up a window and called out in a ,
voice that rivaled the ragman's:
"Say, there!    Sa'-a-a-y!"
. The man stopped abruptly. >  '
"How much you givin for old rags?"
"Half cent a'pound."
"Is tbat all?"
"How much for old papers?"
"Quarter of a cent."'
"Is that all?"
"That's all, lady."
"How much for old rubbers?"
"Two cents a pound."
'   "Is tbat all?" ���/l j
"That's all." ���   :'""->'
"How much for bottles?"       .'   "    '}
"Five centn."     ' -t t.      j
"That all?" ��.  j
"Yes'ra." *  ���
" ""How much for old bar'ls?" ,
VTen  cents if they're good an havo
'got the'head in."   *- <
"Is tbat all?"
1   "Yes'mi"
, "One of my,frien's got 12 cents for a
bar'l' las' week an  accents for rubbers, an���how much you payin for old
wool carpets?"
"Two cents."     '    * "\
''She got 2% for hers an a quarter of
a cent in ore fur paper  than you're pay-
in. Can't you��give no more?"
1'-" "No'm*. I'm givin the reg'lar market
, ''Well, I've got���about two pounds o'
rags an a pair of old rubbers an four
or five Lotties to sell,, but I ain't goin
to sell 'em at your prices. I'll bold 'em
till the market goes up, so you kin'
drive on."���Detroit Free Press.
he had finished
profound gravity until
and replied:*      *1-       7j  ���
^   ''The question,of  granting the right
",of s'ujlra'gq'to Chinese citizens who have
come * to  the   United "States with   the
avowed intention of  making this coun-
try their permanent -home  is one that
''has'occupied tho attention of thoughtful
men&of all parties for years, and it may
become in time one of paramount importance^ At present,,however,-it seems to
me. there  is no ^exigency requiring an
'expression of opinion from me upon this
subject.  You will,please excuse me."
���, The young reporter went outside and
^eaned  against  a  lamppost to rest aud
-'recover ''from4' a "s'udden ' faintness that
.had Mken- possession of,- bim.  His comrade    had    purposely    "steered    him
���against" ^cne of tthe best educated Chinamen in ..the  United States. ��� Youth's
passed   their- time ���gossipin'g'': at  ^theis
doorsteps. *' -; ���*-"'/ '���"'���' '���';'* :^'*!^''- j"  ''*.   .
But  sometimes  when'' herfihusband
was  at  hi��' officd she '"seated'herselfIft'
the window and thought' or*"that b��en*
������-������^ >*.,-������-��� :J.7Jij-l. i.T-Vi-JV-t.'��'-.-2ii--__   ' -i-J
!   *:,;   /.i.s^,,vReadinc;.at:.cI3reakfa8t.-:
���'���Reading at breakfast is fatal to sociability*   In   breakfasting alone it is pcr-
missible, but  not. inr company.   Leigh
Hunt'Wrote'in   The  Indicator: "When
, we^liyed alpue.we. dqnld not help road-
ing at nieais, and   it is certainly a deli-
:.:ciou's' thing to resumd an   entertaining
���book  at  a' particularly-interesting pas-
;;sage.with a  hot cup of tea at one's cl-
bow^and  a  piece  of   buttered  toast in
one's,hand,   ffhe first look at the   page,
"accompanied by a coexistent bite of  the
toast, comes  under the head of inteusi-
^ties.''������> A book at breakfast is no compli-
���ment* to  the  cook, but a newspaper is
jtm insult.    On the other hand, a newspaper  at   bfeakfast'is a  benefit to the
doctorffor it  is when   one .is put off
one's 'guard   by the ��� strugglewith   the
'folds and the search for items of  inter
.had been so beautifuland.so admired,
'.^"..Wbat''r wo'uI'd 'havet happened if^'sne".
had'n'ot lost the hec^acey/.WHoil^'Sw's?
Life is a singular and change|tfcle thing,
full of vicissi'tudes^^JElcJ^Jititfe it takes
to save or wreck us!.   ,    ;.,t(      i  * ������������ <9,
One  Sunday'as  she was walk:ing��*jfiij
the' Champ4. Elysees'^fo' df*y��rt;ber|gvlf��
from the cares and duties of-'the week'
she. suddenly perceived  a  Jaidy wilb-'a'
little child   coming toward��hejB.- It was:
Mme. Forestier,   still  young, beautifuk
and  charming.   MmeJ.gLoi.sel' stopped
shorL too agitated to move.   Should she
ing in 'the^astpandit hat ba|f inhere .she   .est.vthat. ;the' way,is-made  easy for the
approach of dyspepsia,
,,A In the old days of .^The Spectator and
���Tattler", when  papers were of a reasonable size and rep'oseful to boot, they did
no  harm.. 'JSow��� well,..now the largest
efeculatioh   in   the world  may produce
*tHbv,poorest; digestion.    It has been re-
.marked  (by a  collector)   that the only
literature suitable at  breakfast is booksellers' catalogues, but since catalogues
���*lead*always to telegrams orenvy this is
doubtful.    The line should probably be
drawn at private letters.���-Cornhill Magazine.
Curious Policies.
Accident insurance policies havo taken many curious shapes, ranging froni
the penny in the slot to the coupon iu
the weekly newspaper, but. the limil
has been reached in London, where th��"
purchaser of a book of cigarette papei
is insured for $50 for a period of 70
aays. The annual cost of this amount
pf insurance is about 75 cents a year,
provided the holder of the novel policy
is not a cigarette fiend. The amount oi
insurance is specifically set aside foi
the defraying of funeral-expenses in the
event of accidental death.���New Yori ,
Animals are often able to bear very
protracted fasting. In the Italian earthquakes of 1705 two hogs were buried
in the ruins of a building. They wer��
taken out alive 42 days later, but very
lean and weak.
During the last 50 years Great Britain has been at war more frequently
than any other nation. The total number of large :md small wars waged during that time amounts to about 50, oi
one a year.
r        - '   i
A Thoughtful Parent.
'' Petted Daughter^���Papa, what has
.come over you?)I(neyer had a wish you
-were  hot anxious  to gratify, and, you
;,eveh anticipated my;wants and handed,
me money for/all  sorts of/things I
hadri't^ even ���thought of:\^But now "I'
.have,-to ask you for every cent I ^need,
and you growl and grumble and ask if
I think you are-made of money, and you
rail at women's extravagance and invariably ask me what'on .earth,I did'
with the  last check or dollar, or,dime
ryou gave me." Don't you, love,> me any "
more?      ' ' '  .
- Papa^���My darling,   I   love" you   as
much  as ever, but you are soon to  be '
married,, .and I am trying to gradually
preparo you for the change.^���New-*York
Weekly.       '.
High -Lights.
'Never despair,   but if you do just
work on and call it malaria.
When  a  man   saves  a dollar for av
rainy  day, it  grinds  him  to  have  to
spend it for an umbrella.       '
The truly considerate housewife will
put off. housecleaning until after her
husband has gone to war.
Women   treat men  as they do  their
parlor  palms���they  give   them either,
too much attention or  too little.���Chicago Record.
Slaking Music Primitively. '
I once read in an account of the ear-
l" history of New Zealand the story of
Bishop Selwyn's first pastoral visit to
Otago>then peopled mainly by whalers
and sealers.
The grateful sailors made unusual
efforts to receive their august visitor as
he deserved. A room was hung with
flafes, ,a chair disguised as a pulpit, and
the bishop was told that music had been
provided. He was requested to give out
"Old Hundredth" as the only hymn
they knew.
This he did with much misgiving,
and the next moment a musical box
which had been concealed near bis elbow struck up a lively waltz, followed
by "Nix, My Dolly." Though electrified, the bishop was sustained and reassured by the perfect gravity of his audience, who waited until the solenfn
"Old Hundredth" came round, when
they joined in with full chorus.���Pick
Me Un.
v    i>i
3       1 ** u*' * *"c _
p.   <
r.-.-vc*-*- V *  p  </  i,W ,ru  IIJWPBBHW  ���������MP  SEMI  ggggj  ���������"W!  0.    iATyRDAT,   OCT, lgth., 18Q8  THE SJII-IEEEY  PIS,  Cumberland,   B. C,  Jssggd    Every    Tuesday    and  Saturday,  M. Whitney, Editor,  TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION,  IN   A-dVANCE,  RATES OF ADVERTISING:      ,  One inch per year,, once.-a-week,  $13.00  "      "     " month,      "        ", J, 5������  Local notice per line "        ,f ,10  For both   issues   qne-hat,-7   additional.  ONE  YEAR,   by   majl $2.00  PER MONTH by carrier -'.25  SINGLE    COPY  r Five    Cents.  SST Advertisers who want their ad  changed, should get copy in by  J2 a.m.. day before issue.  Notices of Births, Marriages and  Deaths,  50 cencs each insertion.  No Acvertisment inserted for less than  50 cents.  Persons failing to get THE News* regularly should notify the Office.  Persons having any business with TTf E  News will  please  call  at the office pr  rite. ���������  ���������  an office in tbif district ol wbltk  the emolument* art suffleiesit to bsv  worth    struggling    lor;    mod   #*���������  should be sorry to saw the few lofifl  offices parceled out in ptyment ol  party   services.    We    don't    ������!������������������  mueh credence to these rumors, lot  it does not seem   likely  that  the  Lieutenant-Governor    would.   s)p������  prove of new appointments   until  the present government shall meet  the legislature, and demonstrate its  ability to msintaln itself.    Indeed  while, some officers have been weeded out as unnecessary, the govern*  ment has shown no disposition   to  make removals for the sake of giving a place to anybody.  \ ������  T*"  ggi^ When writing communications to  this paper, WRJTE ON ONE SIPE OSJJ.Y of  paper used,    Printers po NO? turn copy.  SATURDAY, OCT, 15th,   1������98  The strike was weak as foolish,  and was bound to be a failure as  all such attempts vyili be in Union.  Most of us would be glad to see  more white men employed here,  but a few, by causing trouble, induce the the company to put on  more Japs,  THAT CAPTURE.  It was impossible last week to get the  exact particulars of the capture of the  pirate robbers and full credit wes^ therefore not given Messrs. Bsird aad Mc-  Knight, who with Thompson were ee������-  gaged in the  fight.   Officer Belyea  of  Nanaimo arrived on the scene jest at tea-  close.  The pirates were skookum fellows  and did not intend to be taken, which  was no easy task to accomptiih  For the felonious pirate curs  Cared not a d���������n. fsr r "* -  co-opxration.  \-        Csnsiaasd from 1st page.  |W ininwr'"   - A substantial amount can  mm rssibted from the sale of ordinary good*  lo wall repay tbe co-operators, aa I bar* al-  fssjJr.shown.   If I was to ask any of you tt  gitesaeMcents for ordering ono yard   of  Srf*. goods, or 20 centa for ordering one do*.  spsoaf of cotton, yon would probably laugh  nt-as* aad wonder what I took you for; and  yseyesvers doing this every  day  of   your  Mv-am.   You can order  thass goods  your  Ssitsn  joat; as wallas paying another  man  40 ������r SO per sent'for doing it for you. ��������� As-  tseniUsg faola are adduced ae to tho prices  Mkiayjue poor for com-non articles of con*  wnptfTT. especially for vegetables,   dairy  prsdnss, groceries, and coal.   , The price of  trash-vegetables, such as .carrots, parsnips.  ���������to., id mmi London is not infrequently, ten  ttsaseske price at which the  same   artioles  sen to purchased from the growers.     Hero  en thiaside of the "herring pond" we   take  prise in exhibiting our smartness, and   yet  Weeredoingthevory  ansae  thing; paying  often two or three middlo men money that  sjMsnld stay in our own  pockets.   Tnere is  easae talk of going into the. evaporating bus-  Man,   I   think wo  have  been  evaporating fer.ysare-   We have evaporatsd  thoua-  easiaef iatlsrs.   Lot it bs assumed  that  sash mufist 'you have expended   #200  per  yea* lor sen years. , Ton havo   drawn  we  ���������ill say 1Q par seat in dividends on   your  ftOQ.OO expended, end you   have  invested  fosw aaraings from year to  yew  including  year interest from shares, yen would  havs  at Ike sed of tsa years to your  credit  66  skarso at Ike par value of 15.00 per   share,  that is to say you  would  own  $330.00.  Bene In mind yon would not have been paying "users than ordinary   store  prices,   and  yet ye* would havo  aoeumulatsd  $330.00  wifcsVosjfran effort.   You would, have an in-  tsseet in the reserve fund, which would  bo  ae asnaU item, and you would have tho satis-  fsesion!ot knowing that your neigbbtes had  eV>s������ likewise.  I hoard oas man say,   "Whet   do  we  ee*opsrstivo store  for?"   Well  I  NOTICE.  TAKE NOTICE that in compliance with an order of the Provincial Board of Health of British  Columbia, all wells in Union and  Cumberland must be filled up and  all cess and privy pits be filled in  and earth closets substituted.  Until the 31st inst will te given  to comply with this order.  H. P. MILLARD, M.D.,  Comox, Oct.ll, 1898. M. H. O.  We will have more or leas rain  from now on until spring; but rain  is better than drouth, and it will  not trouble us if we protect ourselves with proper clothing, and do  not let it annoy us. Those who  have become acclimated to this  pHmate are seldom satisfied * with  any other.  It is now believed there is a rich  gold belt along the east declivity  of the coast range of mountains,  equal to the Klondike find. If this  prove true, and the news from  there well assures it���������then we have  right here in British Columbia  with a good climate, a field for  development than which we can  riot reasonably ask for a bettter,  ABOUT SOME   RUMORS,  x  There are rumors being   circular  ���������ted about what is to be done in this  district. It is said all the officers  are to be removed and others, who  whooped it up during the late election, given their places, We are  not in the confidence of those engaged in this movement, and can  not tay how much truth there is in  it. There is one ihing we may say,  however, ancl that  is there  is  not  They struggled   here; they wriggled  there,.  Shirts were torn and knuckles bare;  But plucky Thompson held his owe;  Whene'er  he  struck,  there  fame a  '       groan.-   ��������� * -  And   valliant   Baird   put   forth    his  strength,  And knocked a pirate hit full length,  While in the thickest of the fight  There -.'towered the  form  e������ brave  Mcknight.        v   .;������������������ r *  :  O ! 'twas a fight you'ld wish to see,  But better out than in.it hie.  NOTICE.  Dr. Lawrence, treasurer of Flower,  Fruit, Vegetable and Pet Animal Show,  held at Cumberland August 4th, having  returned from his trip east, is now ready  to pay all prizes awarded at said exhibition.  AH persons not calling for same within  the next 30 days, from the date hereof  will be deemed to have donated the same  to the Society   ;.    ,  M. WHITNEY  Oct. 4, 1898. , ������      Secretary.,  Gordon Murdock,  Third St.        Union, B.C,  BlacksmithinG  in all its branches,  and Wagons neatly Repai red --^ssnessBsaw  Milk,  Vegetables.  Having secured the Hanigan ranch  I am prepared to deliver aily  pure fresh milk, fresh eggs, and  vegetable^, in Union and Cumberland, A share of patronage, is  solicited.   .  : JAMES REID.  ZFIROIF'ESSIOIfcT.A.Xj.  YARWOOD  8l   YOUNG.  BARRISTERS and SOLICITORS  Cerner of Bastion and Commercial  Streets, Nanaimo, B. O. , , ���������   (J  Branch Office, Third Street and Dunsmuir  Avenue, B. C.  Will be in Union the 3rd Wednesday nf  each month and remain ten days.  SUNDAY SERVICES  TRINiTVvCHURCH���������Services in  the evening.    Rev. J.  roctor.  X.   WlLLEMAR  don't know what "we" want a eo-opsrative  ���������ton  LOCAL BRIEFS.  A. Dick, Inspector of Hums  Wednesday.  Wojk on N0.6 shaft is being preseta-  ted-night and day.  Mrs. C. H. Tarbell has geas lo Vieftsfsn  for two weeks visit to friends.  f. M. Depew, representing M. W.  Waitt & Co., of Victoria is in town this  week.  ���������HATS! HATS !! HATS til a ftae  l.ne of Ladies'- Sailer and Walking  Hats at McPhee & Moore's  Officers Thompson, and Belyea ef Ne-  naimo went down with the pirate crew,  yesterday morning, to Nanaimo.  Ed McKim is iu Cumberland ea ���������  ahort visit. Mr. McKtv finds a warn  welcome among his numerous friends.  The sloop broufht up by ths robbers wsje  were csptured last Tuesday is the Apollo,  brought from Seattle where it was Steles.  The owner's name is suppesed to he Bsyr  mour.  Mr. Hooper, architect, of Victoria was  up this week to inspect the new school  house. He seemed well pleased, declaring- the plans, had been closely followed,  and the work well done.  A quantity of iron, including large iron  plates was taken on the City of Neusi-  mo at Departure Bay last Wednesday  and brought up to Union Wharf. The  plates looked as though they might be  intended for siding for N0.6 shaft.  No. 5 shaft is promising #elt The  upper coal seam is turning out the best  coke coal, and from lower level an avenue  is being driven north which is", expected  to strike the same coal found in No. 4  slope, while the drift south will connect  with N0.6 shaft,, furnishing air and open*  ing up good eoal.  John Humphreys, formerly of Naaaime,  who will take charge of the VTilsen Heass  at Union Bay came up ou Wednesday.  Mr. Humphreys was accompanied hy his  family, Mrs. Humphreys was tendered a  farewell, aooial by the Marian B^eheekfth  Lodge of Nanaimo, and presented with A  handsome berry 4i������b.  eserefeete*tls-s-*wwb*������lwe������t ono for.  Fifsltrwant asters to sell my produce to  far osehf instead of peddling it from "door,  ajHioyiag to me as well as to the Union res-  kUnte. Second, I want to be able to buy  ai| enlieo JO cents less per yard, and last  |*^ne>issst,IwanttoheabUto buy my  ���������mis if ootton somewhat less than 50 cents  dot d������ata.  r Another ens says, "I will quit peddling  If others will " He might as well s*y that  he adjlhaug himself because some one else  does.-. Wmt my part I shall not ouit ped-  dhng until I can sell my goods for cii������h.  Out, present stores will not pay cash, and 1  aevo taxes to pay, stomps to bay, 1 want  ealtcevl want a paper or two, I want a  horas������;and I want various things for which  en*h at needed J I am forced to peddle, but  IdeesstUl When I get the dyspepsia 1  sjnns to he able to buy my physic somewhat  less thea 88������ or more per oent than it ousts.  TJadsr uceeeut eoaditions it ie either peddle  ot trade. It might bs urged that it is unfair to quote patent medecine as an exam-  ���������lo. inat patent medeciue is 00 criterion  whereby we can jndge of the profits on other geeds, as the storekeeper doss not have  any things* do with reguUtiug  the  price  Very Well, we will admr. that. Now I  ess going to point out to you that there Is  eaohormeus profit on goods over whioh  they do have control of the retail price, I  qnoteossv artiole, namely: "silk twist."  Ke# all she ladies use ������*sHk twist." And  you married mast just ask your wives what  ekey pay tor it, nnd they will tell yon five  oasts a spool. I havs bought it myself and  I (������ow what is invariably the pries. And  tctj.Ut gas tell yon this, I can buy ons or I  seahnynnullioa at. two centa a spool.  And then tell sao the stores here are not  saakinganfofit. What is true of one arti-  ���������le, is true of all.  ljrA~*-.*iA tarn here: I don't mean to say  that nil artioles realize a profit of   125  per  osat,--'  Mf contention is that there is enough  profit in cooperation store to pay running expenses. 1 here quote from Lyons  co-operative-store in Iowa:  **After paying expenses of management  ������������d interest en capital, also setting aside  ai the rate of ten per cent per annum to  repair-the deterioration of fixed stock,  the remaining profits are divided in  dividends to members on their paid up  purchases, which averaged eight per  cent during the fifteen quarters to April  soth. Two per cent quarterly is paid on  capital, so that if a member owns fifty  worth of stock, his interest for three  months amounts to $1, and if his paid-up  trade is of the average amount���������$60  wnrth���������and the dividends on the same  only five per cent he gets $3 more, or $4  Weil, which is eight per cent quarterly on  hii $50 capital, or 32 percent annualty.  ^sThet is true of one co-operative socity  is true of them all when properly roanag*  en the Rochdale system; but it is not  proof eghinsi ignorance or mismanagement, fraud or theft.  'i-iThe full fruits of labor to producer,  honest value to consumer, just returns to  capital, prosperity to all."  METHODIST CHURCH.-Services  at the usual hours morning and evening  Epworth  League meets at the close of  evening service.,, Sunday School at 2:30.  Rev. W. Hicks, pastor.  ST GEORGES PRESBYTERIAN  CHURCH.-Services at 11 a.m. and  7 p.m. Sunday School at 2:30. Y. P.  S. C. E. meets at the close of evening  service.    Rev. W. C   Dodds, pastor.  HARRISON P.  MILLARD,  Physician, ' Surgeon , and   Accoucheur*,  Offices:  WlLLARD BioCK,'CulIBEKLANl������V  Courtenay House, Court������kay.  Hours of Consultation:  Cumber*uani>, 10 to  12 a. m. Tuesdays and Fridays.  Courtenay, 7 to 9 - - 1  A. M. AND P. M.  W A.Isl TS.  Society     Cards  WANTED.  Industrious man of character to trav������ 1 and  appoint agents. Salary and expenses paid.  BRADLEY-GARRETSON,   CO.,  Limitei*  "  Toronto.        <=  Cumberland Lodge,  A. F. & A. M,    B. C. R.  Union, B. C.  Lodge meets   first ��������� Friday in   each  month.    Visiting brethren  are cordially  invited to attend.  R. Lawrence, Sec.  Hiram Looge No 14 A.F .& A.M..B.C.R  Courtenay B. C.  Lodge meets on every Saturday on or  before the full of the moon  Vishing Brothers   cordially requested  to attend.  R. S. McConnell,  Secretary.  AGENTS.  Book business is better than for yearn*  past; also have better and. faster si lling I  books. Agents clearing from $10 to $40 j  weekly. A few leaders are :~*.'Queen Vie-J  torie/' "Life of Mr. Gladstone," "MyV  Mother's    Bible,    St..rie*,"    "Progressive'  'Wor  BRADLEY.GABRE1SON COMPANY.  Limited,  TORONTO.^  Cumberland  Encampment.  No. 6,  I. O. O. F.,   Union.  Meets everv alternate   Wednesdays of  each month at 8 o'clock p. m.    Visiting  Brethren cordially invited to attend.  John Combe, Scribe.  AGENTS.  The war with Spain  is   over.    We   havel  the most complete tiintory published.      Our]  book contains about 700 pages, over 100   illustrations, and is so cheap it veils on "Kbt^  Agentn coining money with it tbe last f  days.    Write quick for information.  BRADLEY-GARRETSON CO.,  Limited,  Toronto!1  AGENTS.  I am just starting the best thing for money-making you have seen for many a day.  Your uaine and address will bring the gold^  en information '     '  T. H. L1NSCOTT, Toronto. ^  I     O    O.    F.  Union Lodge, No. ur meets eery  Friday night at 8 o'clock. Visiting breth  ren cordially invited to attend.  F. A, Anley, R. S.  NOTICE  Any person or persons destroying or  withholding the kegs and barrels ef the  Union Brewery Company Ltd of Nanaimo, will be prosecuted, A liberal reward  will be paid for information leading to  conviction. _   ,_,     .    ���������   .  W, E. Norris, Sec'y  COMOX DIRECTORY.  H. C. LUCAS, Proprietor, COM03  BAKERY, Comox, B. C.  COURTENAY  Directory.  COURTENAY HOUSE,   A.  H.   Mc  Callum, Proprietor.  RIVERSIDE HOTEL,   J. J.   Oraatj  Proprietor.  GEORGE   B.    LEIGHTON,     Blaei  smith and Carriage Maker.  COME TO  THii News Office  with    youl  printing. Reasonable prices prevail  There are about 300 men employed in  constructing the piece of railway bridge  over Trent river.  'The Juvenile."  A boy's shoe.    Built to protect growing feet  against distortion. Most foot-Ubare acquired  by wearing ill-shaped shoes in youth. Laced  k     and Oxfords i in shapes "Foot-form" and  '���������Dandy";widths,D&E. Boys'  sizes, 3 *> SH > Youths', 13 Jo  _ ������#; Little Men's, 8 to 12%;  Goodyear welted j    Stamped oa the soles $3.50 and  I3.00 per pair.  CATftLOQUK  FHKK,  "The Slater Shoe."  Simon Leiser, Sole Local  Agent,


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