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The Cumberland News Jun 30, 1899

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Array I  *5  J8L. J&* JSi  J  ��������� 3  :^3w^  Z7  J&Jk-jy  fljf^  /  f  >���������  SEVENTH YEAR.'  CUMBERLAND,  B. C.  FRIDAY, JUNE 30th  iS99  I  I  to  1  'WiSlW^l!    ������W>    !'     Vila    8    $������L &������������&������$  fir  &u ������&  From 75 "cents to $3.00  ���������S    }y ���������gt������.Jir        ^l.  '.*  i lit fpip W$F^  -.1! o  button 'boots  *3  T-  z.Ifi?  RESIDENCE GUARDED.  Rennes, France, Jane 29.-House  occupied by Madame Dreyfus last  night was guarded by soldiers ��������� all  night. "'No one allowed to enter  without express permission from  Madame Drey hi*?. *���������  AROUND THE WORLD.  'Victoria, B. C. June 29.���������Three  Victorians, including Percy Mc-  Cord, -an ��������� Australian newspaper  ��������� man and J. C. Vos-Jj proprietor of  the Queen's and Victoria Hotels  leave on an eight "��������� ton sloop on  Monday, in an. attempt to sail  around   tho   world.        They   will  "��������� * _j _,  make first for Paris,   carrying   six  months' provisions.*  SFAX ON THE WAY:  Paris June  29.���������Despatch   from  Fayel, Azores,' says gunboat" Sfax  with Dreyfus on Board passed that  point without taking   coal   to-day.  < IDENTIFIED.  Nanaimo, June 29.���������Despatch  from Seattle, says the unfortunate  woman who -.gave her name ,as  Flora Jones and who died from  criminal operation has been identi-  ficd as wife" of .-J.* A. Hagcnbach,  painter, formerly.of this city.  -   MORE POSSESSIONS.    .  *  London, -June''' 29.���������Rumoured  Wtij j here to-day Great Britain   has   acquired possession of Inyack Island,  in the mouth of Delagoa Bay.  -SAILORS' UNION.  Nanaimo, June 29.���������The Sailors'  of this city have organized a branch  of the Journeyman Sailors' Union  of America, with T. J. Buckle,  president.  IN SEARCH OF SARANTIS.  Victoria, June 29.���������Police aro  trying to find Sarantis, who is believed to , have accompanied Mrs.  Hagenbach to Seattle for a criminal operation. Ke cannot be found  as yet.  Anglican Synod meets to-day,  "Si   *-  !"<i**Cw*kJ  ff    Si   %  ������  11  V  FOR THE NEXT FIFTEEN-. DAYS WE WILL SELL  ALL SUMMER GOODS   AT   GREAT   REDUCTIONS.  O^ See a Few of the Prices Below:  AN IRISH LETTER.  fear it was from his last illness.  He was niver well tin days together during the whole time of his confinement; but, be that as h may,  as soon as he braithed, his last the  doctor gave up all hopes of - recovery.  "I needn't tell ye anything aboi.it  his age, for you know that in. ,May  nixt he would, have  been   twenty-  live years old lacking six   motnh.'.  Had  ho   lived' to   that   time   hj  would have been   dead six months.  "His property is  very   consider-,  albe; it develops upon his nix't   of  kin, who is dead some   time  since,  so that I expect it will  bev  equally  divided athween us, and thin,  deer  Larry, ye'll git   two-thirds  of   the  whole, and ye know   that he had a  foine estate, which  he sowlcl to pay  his debts,  and   the   remainder ,he  lost on a horserace'.,  " "But it was the opiuion of all the  ladies present that he would have  won the race if the" horse he run a-  gainst hadn't bin too fast for him,  bad luck to the baste!  "But, poor sowl, he never will eat  or dhrink more; and" now, Larry,,  ye haven't a living relation in the  wide world except myself and - yer  two cousins that was kilt in the  last. war.  "But I can't * dwell upon this  mournful subject, but I will sale  this letthcr with1- black salin-wax,  ! and* put' on- yer uncle's coat of arms.  . ,*v "So I beg ye\ riot to, brake -the  sale whin'yeopen the', letther oniil  throe or four d-iys affchef ye receive  1 *  it; by that time ye will be betther  prepared for the mornful tidings.  Yer owW swateheart Mary . sinds  her love to ye unbeknown , to me.  When the bearer arrives in Hamilton, ax for this letther; an' if he  doesn't know which one it is, tell  him it is the one which spakes of  yer uncle's death and saledwi''  black. Your affectionate aunt in  distress, "Judy O'PIalligan.  "To Larry O'Bailigan.  "P. S.���������Don't rite to me until ye '  receive this."  port be. adopted"   as read���������Ca_rried_.,"  -    Moved by C, H. Tarbell,' seoondr  ed by Wm. Walker,   that   Anjdrew  McKnight be elected   to fill .the vaT ���������  cancy of trustee���������Carried.  Moved by G. Hy Tarhelh  etecondr -  ed by Dr. Dalby, that the Gpyerh-  ment be asked.to increase, jbhe  ������x-  pense account for 'incidentals iroui  1 1  $2-10 to'4.400 per annum^CarriecL   ;  Moved by C H. Tarbell,   seconds'  ed by ���������David   Ajathon_jrJ' that   thq'' \  Gov eminent be asked   in   addition'rl  to the $400 per- annum   that-  $10Q".,  be   also   granted    to   cover   back,  deficit���������Carried.  1  Moved by Jas. Abrams, seconded 'J  by C. Ii.' Tarbell,  that   'the   chai^;'/  man-and secretary* be   tendered-  a,l\  vote of. thanks  for. their  services./  Carried.       .' , .     . ���������        "  Meeting ad_jburned.  . .-,  -.\i-  Notice.' \*:U  ''-'/at-1  NOTICE is hereby given that ,th^  undernoted have made application^;,,  for the respective Licences mention-v(.  ed below,  to ; sell   intoxicating  Ii- ���������'<  quors under the  Statutes ; in ���������,tha1_,i-;  behalf. ,'  ' SjMON LEISER; ' '''-^  Union, Wholesale Licencel*'  FINLEY. ���������McINTOSIJ andj, -Vs  THOS, ARCHTBALI), :yf'/^  Thurlow Hotel, Shoal Bay* Bef:!  'tail Licence..,_     -, ,' *.:v ���������*' x' \ j  The Board of- Licence Coinaaisr'4  sioner's will-meet to consider *the -ti-, 1  bove applications ,6n Tuesday, July*V  18th,lS99., at oiievo'clock,-,pl*Tm..-.atj  the Court House, Cumberland.': "'>!  ���������     *-     "JOHN" THOMSON;,  * 'I  Chief Licence Inspector" j  Cumberland, B. C June. 30th, T99-   *  We are printing  the The New*; I  n  to-day in Qrder that the staff may A  ���������   ��������� ' rl  have Dominion Day off..     We &xe, _|  very patriotic .when it comes   to  *,  question of holidays.  A large number are .going down*.  to Vancouver on the K.  of P.  Ex*. ,|  cursion to-night.    We   wish. them.  all a jolly good time-  SCHOOL BOARD MEETING.  'BLOUSES���������-Regular price 75 cents  now 55 cents. Regular price 90  cents, now 70 cents. RiV^ular price  $1.25 now 95 cents. Regular price  $1.40 now $1.15. Ar.d e-ll higher  priced ones in the name proportion.  SUMMER DRESS MATERIALS.  Regular price 15 cents now 9 yards  for $1.00. Regular price ��������� 20 cents  110-y 7 yards for $1.00. Regular  pi ice-25 cunts now. 6 yards for $1.00  LADIES' SAILOR HATS���������Regular price 85c. now 25c.      Ditto 50c. now  Ditto 75c. now 50c.    Ditto $1.00 now 65c.    Ditto $1.25 now 90c.  FLOWERS���������Your choice for half pries. We have about half a dozen  ladies' blouses left from last season's stock, regular price from $1,00 to  $2.50, going now at 50c SUN SHADES���������Regular price 75c now 60c.  Ditto $1.50 now $1.15.    Ditto $3.00 now $2.25.  FIVE PAIRS OF LADIES' CASHMERE HOSE FOR $1.00  'On all men's and boys' suits and odd coats, vests arid pants., we will  .allow a discount of 20 per cent. Men's Balbrigsan underclothes 90c. per  suit.    REMNANTS of ali kinds of goods at about half the usual price.  ������^  18  j  "Parish of Ballywackin,   i  '  , ' "May onst, '95.  ,'Deer Nefly,���������I haven't  sent ye  a letther since -ia-si time I wrote   to  ye, pecause we  have'  moved   from  our former place of living,   and   I  didu't know where a letther   would  find ye; but I  now   with   pleasure  take up m}r pin to inform ye of the  deatn of yer uncle Kilpathriae, vivo  died vory suddenly last   wake,   ai-  ther a lingering   illness   for   seven  wakes.    The poor man  was iu violent convultions tlie whole -tim^  of  his illness,   laving  perfectly   craiet  ail the   while,   entirely   spachh'ss,  talking incoherent'J3r,-   and   crying  for wather,  "I had no opportunity oi: informing ye of his death sooner, except I  wrote ye by the last post, which  wint two days afore his death, and  thin you'd have pnstage. to pay.  Fm at a loss to tell yc what his  death was   occasioned   by,   but  The Trustees of the PublicSchools  in Union, met Saturday, June 2-Jth  in3t., in the Old School House, for  the j-urpose of receiving the Secretary's Report for the year ending  June 80th, 1899, also for 'electing  a Trustee to fill tho vacancy caused  by Mr. Andrew McKnight's term  having expired.  Present-���������Andrew McKnight, Jas  Abrama, C. H. Tarboll, David Anthony, Dr. Dalby, Wm. Walker,  .0. S. Ryder, J. H. Ash.  C. S. Ryder was voted to the  chair and J. H. Ash appointed secretary.  Thy secretary, Mr. Jas. Abrams.  presented his report., a summary of  which-is as follows:  Government oppropriation $240 00  Incidental expenditure  ���������   ' '       $301 95      ���������  Leaving s. deticit of % 61 00  Simon Leiser, back account   38 90  FII|tlI)^  || S iTISf 10TOST  WORK  PSIOES  vs.^as?  ^^S^^Sg^S^  I  f|a  m  k  ���������������������������������������������������  ������ Received.  BY DIRECT IMPORTATION, A CHOICE  SELECTION OF  English and  8cdI c h S u i tfegs>  Total deficit, % 100 85  Moved by C. H. Tarbell, .seconded by David Anthony, that the  re-  m  I  fep  m  I  ������ Gall and.ExiuDiiiiB  I  5������ =  iiflije THE WILD HORSE WON  i -  GUT HE PAID FOR THE VICTORY V/iTH  HIS OWN LIFE.  stood upon a  which extcnd-  foob stockade  A Vicious Dr.UIe to tb<> Death Bc-  , 'tween Two i> Sti-ai>e������i������i|������ Hi ft' Bear.s  . tiud n   Little. iVor(hGHro!iiiJV:ftIoiiii-  '���������.-'��������� 1������in   Dreil  S**'SU������������.  In .North Carolina, t-ifin across a crowd  of loo excited mountaineers and asked  ri one of them the reason for. .the meeting.  ������������������Waal, stranger, there's go in to come  oiT right away the gosh durndest fight  yon ever saw. It's ole Jim Bell's stalyun  that's goin to lambaste Ham Carter's two  big b'ars, an let ,nsn tell you, stranger, it  will be a fight to 'member for many a  yea-T, an I'm a-bcttin, on tlie stalyun.  There ain't no livin critter on four legs,  can down him. That. sfalyun's wiped out  half a dozen b'ars, killed a painter an near  'bout cleaned out the crock of men an critters the last year. [Jo's dang'us as din'-  mito. an nobody can handle him 'eeptin  ,olo .Jim's boy  '��������� -Whore can I find this terrible animal?'  "Right over there in that pen," replied  my informant; pointing to a big stockade  of*, heavy timbers.  When I climbed \-i\t and  wide shelf or string of logs  ed entirely around the (!0  and looked over at the occupant, of the  pen, I was forced to confess that the hunter  had not exaggerated, at least, so far,as tho  horse was concerned. The animal I looked  Tipon was a wild stallion of tho,mountain  breed, common in the highkirfd-sv of 'North  Carolina.  Although not above li'A hands in  height, he was certainly the most vicious  and..savage looking brutcof tho equine  r species I had ever looked at. He was black  as a coal, with long mane aud tail and  with limbs of perfect symmetry, and but  for theinanner in which he rolled, his eyes  and curled his,lips above his long, glisten-  ing teeth as he snapped at . tho people on  tho shelf he would have been a perfect  , beauty' .As it was. his actions showed  him to be incarnate.       <-  1 had scarcely taken all this in when  lour men came up leading two tremen  duns bears, cither of which would have  tipped the scale at 400 pounds. The crowd  followed, and almost before the men had  opened two small gates at tho bottom of  *7.he stockade to let' the bears in a human  belt- encircled the stockade. Tho bears  .were let in at opposite sides, and.almost in,.!  a Hash there began the most terrific and  bioody battle I had ever setm.  The bears had barely tunc to straighten  . up after' their entranflo 'before'''fcho blackr  stallion gave a snort of rago and bounded  .. toward the big bear, which stood almost  oelow my feet. Bruin* saw him coming  and-rose to his hind feet, liis little yellow  eyes snapping with rage and hunger. The  horse was too quick for him, however, for  before tho bear could strike with his pow-  - erf til arms the stallion reared up, drove  both-forofee* squarc-ly into the bear's face  and neck, knocking him six feet away.  Wheeling , like  lightning,  tho  enraged  stallion   gathered to  kick, but   beforo he  could launch ont bear No. 2 came up on a  gallop, and just as the'horse's  heels left  .-tlie ' grourid the   bear gave a quick snap,  catching the  hido about a foot above the  fetlock and tearing away a strip of hide a  ���������foot long and an   inch in width.     With a  scream of rage and pain the horse  bounded, into  the air, clear over tho  bear, and  '���������whirled, it appeared,  go  quickly   was   it  " tlone,' almost in midair, and before  No. 2  -could face about the stallion's sharp teeth  -closed.over one of its cars.  A snap, a rip of  tearing  flesh, and one  ��������� ear, and a big piece of hide were gone. The  bear, growling with rage, was on its hind  feet in a second, but only in time to catch  - a vicious kick with' both hind feet, which  ���������soiit-it over'on   its' back.    As  beforo, the  fidrse was -compelled fco whirl about to face  a second enemy,. for bear No. 1 had got on  its   feet   and   was   rushing  to   tho   fray  Then, for two or three minutes it 'appear-'  * ed.   but  w h ich   probal.ily  was  not  much  * --more than as many seconds,   there was a  unix-up of hide, hair aud heels, mingled  with "growls, savage snorts and snapping  "*eeth.   -.. .:���������'���������������������������     '������������������"  One  bear was  down  and  badly hurt  THE  AUTHOR.  ol  Dpon a lyric page replete with thought  A' modest man affixed his humble .name,  Which soon went ringing   down   the  halls  . fame,  And to the hearts of men its lesson taught���������  A   message   from   the   cloud    and    sunshine  caught,  That on tlie breeze o'er sea and forest came.  Attuned to vooal morning's glad.acclaim,  Where Life ia praise and man alone is naught.  No mortal is the author of one ray  Of    jeweled   light   that   springs   from   truth  divine.  To thrill the soul's recesses with its fires:  The mind of man, enchanted," can convey  Reflected glories only from the shrine  .Of light and love, whence sound the h'cav  lyres.  A SLIMY SEA SPIDER.  AN  ENCOUNTER WITH  AN  UNCANNY  CREATURE   IN   ALASKA.  utily  -Arthur Howard  Journal.  ���������Hall ' in . New   York   nemo  STEEL SKYSCRAPERS.  Cjiven  Proper -Foundation. They  May  IU*  Uuilt   Into   the Clouds.  Architects and practical builders agree  thai, there is no theoretical limit to tlie  height of a structure of steel or steel and  stone provided the materials aro right and  ,t.h(! foundations capable. .John M. Cornell, president of tho Cornell Iron works,  ,says:  ���������'There isn't any limit, to tho height to  which a building may be erected if tho  foundation is strong enough to support it."  The subject from a theoretical viewpoint  develops the same argument. .1. M. Farns-  worth, an architect who has designed many  of tlie tall buildings in this city, gives it  as his opinion that a building might be  erected an indefinite number of miles up  into the air-until it strikes a limit caused  by some possible, but unknown atmospheric condition. "That is beyond question," says he, "it being understood, of  course, that the extent and strength of tho  foundations be in proportion to the strain  to be put upon them. It is true that every  building material, even eternal rock, h:is'  its crushing point, but it is equally true  that certain materials may be so combined  and employed ia the construction of high  buildings as to keep them well within tho  breaking or crushing point indefinitely.  "On-'rock foundation, a weight of   1(>0  ifi  pounds per square .inch is perfectly s;ito  If the area of tho foundation is largo  enough, the strain can be so distributed  that it will accommodate all the weight  that can be t:pon it in a building, no matter how high. On ordinary soil the weight  carrying capacity is not much over four  pounds per square inch.    Thus the range  between tjhoseitwo conditions must bo provided for by piles and other foundation  devices. Buildings up to 20 stories high  are safe usually when   resting on wooden  ..piles. Stronger ^supports are needed for  higher structures. It is a matter of proportion all the way through, and.therefore  no one may say that there is a limit to  the height of buildings. It is certain that  if such a limit does exist it will never be  tested' by practical effort."���������New York  Press.  The other bear, No. 8,-was bleeding profusely about the head, and one of his legs  seemed to be crippled.'-As for the stallion,  lie was fearfully>torn on every* one of his  , Jour legs.  But before I could take in the full extent of injuries given and-received by the  three fighters thoy were all again oh the  move The bears this time separated to  attack the stallion from different quarters,  but the horse whirled and charged'directly at one of. them, and as the bear attempted to gain his hind feet ho wheeled and  launched both hind hoofs with a sicken  Ing thud against his ribs. I could plainly  hear the snap of broken bones as tho bear  toppled over, but before tho stallion could  ������loUgo or throw up his head out of reach  No a struck him on tho noso with his  claws  Down went both, hoofs and claws flying A second after, tho horses, which now  seemed a mass of torn and. bleeding flesh,  .bounded into the air and came down with  all four feet on his prostrate foe, crushing  bone. Hesh and musclo beneath Then,  seared.*/ giving his dying foe a glance, the  ���������craxotl stallion sprang at his other enemy,  ���������who.was trying vainly to'regain his feet  Again the stallion sprang into the air.  ���������with his lour feet gathered into a bunch,  and again there was a 6iekening crunch  of bone and flesh Both, beare were now  -tioad. crushed and kicked into two bloody  masses of wool, bono and flesh  After his last dash the horse walked  away a few steps, then, turning, staggered  tip to the first bear he had knocked out,  knelt down and literally tore skin and  lh"sh from the bear's body; then with  bluody head and glistening teeth the sav  ������g*? brute managed to stagger over to the  other'mass of wool and flesh, which he  served in the same manner.  After tearing and battering the body  into a mass of broken bones and mangled  flesh, the stallion tossed his head, from  which the bloody foam flew in long flecks,  grivt* a neigh of triumph and fell lifeless  tu ihe ground Tho stallion, had won the  tint tie. but it had cost hiiahis life.���������Phila  "delphia Press  Xewly Made- Relies.  In .Florence I purchased a small knocker  in tho design of a'griffin holding a heavy  ring in his mouth. The head.of the animal and the ring were worn quite smooth,  but the hollow reverse side which fitted  against the door was flaked with rust, and  the bolts used for fastening the knocker  wore so coated that the nuts could not be  turned.  Tho knocker seemed several centuries  old, and yet when I showed it to an American in Florence, an expert who has Iro-  quented the shops for years, he shook his  head andsaid:  "I'm not sure that it wasn't mado in  G crma ny."  ���������'But it must be rather old. ' Look at  the rust."  "The Germans can take a piece of iron  and rust it like that in two days."  "But the ring is worn smooth from  handling." ; ' "'' ' ���������'"  "It wouldn't take long to grind that  down and then polish it: Now, I am on  the watch for deceptions all the time, and  even I am fooled occasionally. The Germans will  take  any kind of  an  antiquo  and copy it so well that only the shrewdest judges can detect the fraud. Don't buy  any armor or old lamps of coins or anything of that sort until they have been  passed upon by a connoisseur."���������Chicago  - LI coord.' ���������  The. Pay of Lawmaker*.  The lawmakers in Austria and Franca  are paid $5 a day; in Greece the senators  get $100 a month and the deputies $50-,sin  Germany members of both houses receive  about $3.50 a day; in Denmark tho members of the landsthing each receive about  $3 a day; in Belgium ������ach member of tho  chamber of representatives gets $S5 a  month; in Portugal the peers and commons aro paid the same sum, which is  about ������355 a year; in Spain tho members  of th&cortes are not paid for their services,  but enjoy many advantages and immunities; in Switzerland the members of the  national council get.$2.50 a day, and tho  council of states, the lower house, $1.50;  in Italy tho senators and deputies aro not  paid at all, but aro allowed traveling expenses. England is the only country where  members of parliament are not only unpaid, but have no special rights or privileges.  The Manager Wm Cute.  The crowd swayed toward the manager  of th3 open air show  "What did you mean by advertisin thct  tight rope walker?" cried the spokesman.  "Just what I said." replied theunabash--  ed manager  "But the rope was laid on th' ground,"  cried the spokesman, "an your fraud of a  ropewalkor just walked  on   it  a step or  two I    Do you  call   that tight rope wal k-  ! ing?"  "Certainly!' shouted tho manager.  'The man was tight, wasn't he?"���������Clove-  land Plain Dealer  Builin^ Hill  Roads.  They call it " bailing the hills" down in  Aroostook county when they turn then.ad  which has run over the top of a hill (low n  around its base It is like letting down  the bail of a water pail, and the distance is  no greater, while the journey is easier tot  either horse or mathematical professor.���������  Lewiston Journal  An Italian  doct'.>r  there is in  the  cor  stance similar to p. i>:  apple is sufficient iu  beef  has discovered that  mil pineapple a sub-  .;i and that one pine-  dtgest ten pounds of  A Kishiiiff Artvenlnre With Plenty ol  Excitement When the .Monster  Ca'ine to tin* Surface���������IJ vely , AVork  Fllilitiiiiz Itsi,Tentacles.  "If any one desires a dash of excitement,  I can recommend the fishing of Alaska,'  said a returned Klondiker. "I had been  fishing above Sitka, when one day I found  myself near a camp of Indians. As I had  some game I divided with them and  forthwith was invited to a feast of their  own providing. Wc sat around a big  wooden dish, in which was something  that looked like frogs' legs, but frogs so  gigantic that I knew it was something  else It required some courage to eat this  dish, but hunger gives a man stamina of  a cerrain kind, so I shut my eyes nnd began the faasc.- Tlie article, was not so bad  as it appeared. It tasted liko'crab, and  some of 'it,had tho consistence of tho rubber rings which babies chew on. Altogether it was not to be despised, combining food with exercise.  "It was sea spider, so the ' natives told  me, a member of tho cuttlefish family. As  they were going out on tho following  morning to,fish for tnoro I persuaded them  to take mo with them. Half of the excitement of fishing here was getting afloat  Tho bay was an open roadstead into which  the sea rolled, and wo wero some time getting through the seas which,.if not mountain high, camo very near it. Finally wo  made tho run rand dropped anchor in the  lee cC a little point of rocks where we began fishing. Each man had different  tackle, some large, somo ^small lines, and  to me foJl an outfit which was a cross'between a shark and a cod line. Presently  the men began'hauling in rock cod, using  tho little candlefish for bait. There is a  curious thing about Alaskans. This littlo  fish, which they catch with a comblikc arrangement, they cat, if they aro so disposed, or, if they want a light, they fasten a  fish between two sticks and light its head,  when it will burn liko a candle. It is a  famous.country for. fish, and it was nothing but pull in for the natives, while I,  did not have a bite.  liMy timo wascoming, however. I had  en a heavy sinker, so that every timo the  boat lifted I felt a sharp jerk, which de-  jcived me. But once, when the boat rose  on a big wave, my line did not give, and  I shouted to the Indian next' me that I  was foul. Ho' took the line, gave a tro-  'mendous jerk and received ono in return,'  then, bracing himself back, he began to  .pull and scream ; then all hands screamed,  and I understood that a sea spider had tho  lino and also tho bottom. I expected every minute to sec the canoe go o.er, as  the men went '.from side to side, now forcing the rail down so that the water poured  in, now lifting with a mighty yell, then  slacking off so suddenly that they fell in  a heap. Finally, after they had scrcuued  ;tliemselves,out of breath and settled conflicts of. opinion, they hauled tho rope as  taut as possible," taking in the slack,anch  by inch, as the canoo sank in tho hollow  of a wave, then holding on as a big ground  swell would raiso.-her.  'This plan seemed cortain either to lift  the bottom or to sink the canoe, and after  several attempts to accomplish tho latter  something gave suddenly Amid tho  greatest excitement the men quickly  hauled, away ... The line came up readily  the fishermen occasionally looking over,  endeavoring to sec what was on it. One  man armed himself with a knife, while a  companion held a short handled case  knife between his .teeth���������movements suggestive of the coming of an enemy Suddenly one of the crew seized a sharp boat-  hook, which, after another look, he jabbed  into'the unknown and invisible. In response a long, slender tentacle shot; into  the air and formed a weird interrogation  point, fchen it grasped the piko; then three  'more appeared, creeping insidiously over  ��������� the edge of the canoe, at which tho natives  struck wildly, .some shouting to slack the  line, others to haul in.  "In the ni'dsfc of tho confusion the sea  spider concluded to come aboard Torn  from the bottom, it had come up easily,  tli'pn, seeing the canoe and possibly thinking it a vantage ground, it grasped it and  slid over the side, a mass of living, slimy,  reddish brown snakes. When they wore  raised, I could see rows of suckers, each of  which was a veritable airpump, and as  there were seemi^ly thousands of them  the sucking powefof this spider of the sea  was apparent Blows were aimed at it  whenever opportunity offered, but the  weird animal -fairly slid over the rail.  winding.one of its arms around an oar  Its head or body hung on tho rail���������a  brown mass the size of a man's head���������  from which gleamed two greenish yellow  eyes Tho strange animal changed color  like a chameleon Flushes of red, brown  nnd gray followed one another over it,  while from its lower portion oozed a  stream of ink which splashed in our face9  as the tentacles flew about.   .  '���������There was something so uncanny about  the creature that 1 confess it demoralized  mo, but tho natives, who probably had  caught great numbers, struck at it right  and left, cutting off tho tentacles with  their knives and hatchets, trying to save  such portions as those upon which 1 had  dined the day before���������tho thought of which  gave me a thrill of horror. It was 15 minutes beloro they had the life hammered out  of the frightful creature, and then it was  u question who had won.  "The canoe was now half full of water,  ns a hole had been' knocked in the side,  which was finally stopped with a piece of  skin It was five miles to camp, but I  preferred walking and had the men put me  ashore I got to tho camp in time to meet  them and see the sea spider taken out. It  had a spread of nearly 25 feet, measuring  from the tip of the outspread tentacles. If  you want to see how it looked, drop into  the Yale museum They have a model of  one a few feet larger. "  PENT GLASS.  PERSONALITIES.  Governor Roosevelt spends 6 hours  and 40 minutes ���������per day at' the state  capitol.  Russell Sage was a warm supporter of  Zachary Taylor, ar 1 recently said that  bis ideal American politician was Henry  Clay.  In 1873J3a'rah Bernhardt was getting  $40 a month at the Odeon. In the 25  years since then she has received $2.-  500,000.  Mr. Beveridge, the new senator from  Indiana, is   a  self  made   man.  and  is  'second  known among his friends as tho  Garfield."  On the 1st of .January To in maso-Sal-  vim celebrated his seventieth birthday.  He has had a career on tho stage of  more than 50 years.  William Miller Collier, whom Governor Roosevelt has made a New York civil  service commissioner, is the author of  "Collier on Bankruptcy."  Senator  McCumber. recently' elected  from   North   Dakota,   is  described   as  , about 43 years of age, smoothed faced,  with light hair and blue eyes.  John Hooper, a man with a mania for  tombstones, stole 18 of them from  Graceland,cemetery, Chicago, and used  them for bric-a-brac at his home.  Ex-Governor Taylor of Tennessee  granted 693 pardons, commutations and  respites during his two years in office.  On the last day of his term he signed 43  pardons.  Dr. Nicholas'Senn, who-was prominent by his work as an army surgeon  during the Spanish war, holds the'chair  of practical surgery at the University  of Chicago.  Rev. Dr. N. D. Hillis, who is to succeed Lyman Abbott in the charge of  Beecher's old Plymouth church, Brooklyn, is said to be as omniverous a reader as was Gladstone.  ��������� Charles Dudley Warner has come out  as a believer in the indeterminate sentence for criminals, saying that prisons  should really.be merely hospitals where  the inmates are held until cured.'  James R. Scott, Jowa's oldest newspaper man, recently deceased, never  missed a day at his desk in the Dubuque  Herald in 41 years. The floor beneath it  bore a deep impress from his heels.  The instrument which Edouard 'Re-  menyi, the famous violinist, was playing  when he fell dead on the stage was a  Stradivarius known as "the "Titan,"  which its owner would ��������� never sell, but  which has now been purchased for $400  by Sol Marcosson. the American violinist. v  A Diurnal Failure.  Snc Brette���������They told you that the  new piece was going to be a world beater, didn't they V  Footelight���������Yes. and it wasn't even  an egg beater.���������Yonkers Statesman.  A Poser.  Passenger (on ocean liner)���������-Think  wVJJ break the recdrd, captain 1  Captain (witheringly)���������Well, do you  suppose we are1 only running this ship  to cawy passengers and freight ���������������:New  Orleans Times-Democrat. :.������������������'..  An Impression.  , When the.air begins to mellow,  How the toyics seem to change I  What old. names fade to give a plac*  To others weirdly strangol  None asks who wins a battle.  Nor who is making laws,  Nor who by scientific toil  Bids for the world's applauso.   -  Perhaps new books are written .  Or pictures deftly made.  At present no one cares; they drift  Forgotten to the shade  For what, men now are asking,  All breathless, face to fa<;e.  Is "Who will pitch?" or "Who will catch?*'  Or "Who will play first oaso?"  ��������� Washington Star.  TONGUE  TRIPPINGS.  Nervous Curate (giving out his text)  ���������"Now Rababbas was a bobber. "  "Dncutton your boat." a wife requested when her husband arrived home  one evening with his coat buttoned.  A clergyman said in his sermon, "See  how the flowers lift up their 'blowy  snossoms  to the sun.'  Miss Ellen Terry is reported to hav������  rendered "Come, let us seek some cozy  nook," as "Come, let us seek some nosy  cook.'  A candidate for legislative honors,  when making a speech, addressed his  audience as "Horny handed tons of  soil.'  Porter���������Any luggage, sir?  Traveler���������Only two rags and a bug.  which 1 will take in the car with me  Mrs. Bernard Beere some years ago  exclaimed in impassioned accents," You  have made me a boff and a sky word!'  A pompous but nervous magnate at  a farewell meeting described his clergyman as "A shoving leopard." instead  of "a loving shepherd. "  Stranger (to sexton)���������Would you  kindly sew me into a sheet?  He meant, of course, "���������how me into  A eeat "  More Used Noiv Than Erer��������� How It.Ia  Formed Into Shape.  Bent glass was at one time more commonly used for showcase fronts than for  anything else, but it has como to be employed for a variety of purposes- and it is  now used far more extonsively than' ever  before. Its use in store fronts is becoming  more and more familiar, very large plates  being bent for this purpose. It is now used  more than ever before in the construction .  of buildings for dwelling purposes, in  windows on rounded corners and in towers; it is used in coach fronts; it is used  in the rounded front china closets aud in  making glass cabinets. Either plain glass  or beveled glass may bo bent, and to any  curve.  For ono use and another glass in many  sizes is now bent in many forms. ' Tho  number rof molds required for current  use in a glass bending establishment is  large, and the accumulated molds number thousands.  Glass is bent in a kiln.    Glass  molts at  2,300 dogrcos.   The heat employed in bonding is 1,800 degrees.   No pyrometer would  stand long in that heat.    It' might last an  hour, but it would not  last a day, and so  the heat of tho  kiln  is judged from tho ,  color of the flamo and other  indications.  By long experience  and  observation tho  expert glass, bender is enabled to estimate  tho heat  in this  mannor with  accuracy.  Smaller  pieces  of. glass aro pub  into tho  molds in tho kilns with forks made for tho  purpose.    The great molds used - for bending large sheets of glass aro mounted on  cars, so. that they, can bo rolled in and out  of  the kilns.    Tho glass is laid upon the  top of the mold over the cavity and  it is  bent by its own weight.    As it is softened  by the heat it sinks into tho mold and so ���������  is bent into forms.    It may tako an hour  or two to bend tho glass, which is then left  in tho kiln from 24 to 30 hours  to anneal  and cool.    Glass to  bo  bent, of whatevoc  kind  or  size  it  may be, is  put into  tha  kilns in its finishcu. state.   The great heal ���������  to which ifc is  subjected does  hot disturb  tho polished surface.    Despito tho exercise  of every precaution   more  or less glass ia  broken in bending it. Bent glass cost about  60 per cent moro than tho flat.���������NeW-York  Suu.  SOCIAL LIFE  IN  NEW ORLEANS.  They, Who Once Taste Its  Pleasure*  Never Forget'1 the Churin.  "The question that confronts the crcoU  'today,1'   writes narydelo Hallmark of so*,  oial life in  New Orleans, in   Tho Ladies'  Homo Journal,  "is,  'Will  the  monoy ol .-  .tho'Americans rulo the city socially in th������ ���������'  beginning of tho twoutieth century?' Whil������  money.rules less" in   Now Orleans than in  any other city of. its size  in  tho  United  States, still a certain amount is absolutely  necessary for a person  to  keep up the .exterior of a gentleman's position.   Yet people of good family and very limited meani  do hold ' tho best  social positions, becausl   ,  thoy have learned to give up the chaff and <  spend their money on tho wheat.  "Again, peoplo of no influence, as New .  Orleans counts it, but who havo plenty oi  money, tact aud social qualifications, can  obtain and have obtained .good standing,  Blood and money together are" good.  Money and refinement are not a specialty  favored condition, as aro the two others,  for storming New Orleans society but axij  of tho three qualifications alono . woula  have a hard timo of it. Narrowing il  down, it remains that money alone can noi ���������  enter New Orleans society today. Refinement alone cannot, but blood���������well, il  has held'and does hold tho lead.  "Tho atmosphere of New Orleans sod  ety, as this century draws to a close, il  conspicuously Parisian in manner, ardent*  ly American in loyalty to tho old flag,  warm hearted to tho visitor, reserved ia  its inner life, pleasure loving and childlike  in its gayety. It otters to one, in its social  as well as its physical life, the heart of t  ripe, red pomegranate. He who taste!  never forgets tlie charm. He never forgets  the red roofed..houses, the chimes of catho*  dr'al bells" tho entresol where lives la belH  Creole, tlie folk songs on a guitar, thd  melodious swing of French voices, or tha  dark, luxurious beauty of. the women."  .-Bothered.  Littlo Appleton, aged 7, has grown to  boa very serious boy, of la to and says he ii  going to be apreaehcr.wheh he. becomea  a Man. This is comforting to the members ^of his family, who are all devout  churchmen. Therefore they, were the mora  ' shocked by the way he concluded his ni ght-  ly devotions recently. After saying,  "Now I hay me, etc., God bless mamma,  God bless papa, God bless grandmamma,  God bless Undo Appleton," and so on  through the list of his immedate relatives,  he roso from his knees with tho sotto  voce remark, "I have to bo bothered this  way every night."���������New York Commercial Advertiser.  Wanted n Change.  Rastus���������Is hit er fack, jedgo, datcrcord-  ���������nco ter do laws cr dis country dey sen's a  man ter jail fo' habin two wifes?  Judge���������That certainly is tho law.  Rastus���������-An do dey sen' dcir wifes wid  em? ��������� ' :   ���������  Judge���������No, indeed 1  Rastus���������Fo' do land's sake, jedgo, den  jes' yo' transfuse me ter jail fo' er cupplo  er years: I'zo got two wifes merse'f, an  I'zo roach dat p'int whar Izo gotter nab  a recess f'ora do same.  Looked Ills Character.  "Say, that was a mighty honest looking  old farmer," said the office loafer as tho  client went out, "just the kind of a  good, whole souled faco to invite confidence. "  "Just what he has been doing," the  lawyer explained. "Ho is in to see about  a littlo gold brick transaction Lo was drawn  into." ,  Canse F!or Lunacy. - ��������� .  At a meeting of women's clubs in Maine  one of the speakers told of a girl she had  known early in life and who had died insane Alter the funeral the husband remarked that he "did not see why Mary  Ann should  have  took  crazy, for to   his  pi  \  M  *<\  ������  m  ( -j  knowledge  she had  kitchen for 30 years.  not been out of that '������������������V.  ������������������>  '5" ..  t   ,  *li*p������"S ���������-4  ...    -..,  *->  &.  THE CUMBERLAND NEWS  CUMBERLAND.. B.C.  A  RUDE  AWAKENING.  Ini-  The  jlit*  a thing.'  Politician  Found His Thou  Were but a Dream.  -'   "So" the convention didn't nominate  ,me?"- said the politician who had been  continuously in office for  eight  or ten  years.       '  The lieutenant shook his head.  .     "Did  anything break  loose?" asked  ",'the   politician-^"after    a   moment   of  ,"r thought,  -     "Not  "The people in the galleries didn't  get up and hiss and walk out of the  convention hall when I was turned  down?'  "Not a man left.' ;'   '. . - - '  " "There was no popular demonstration  and no one seemed to feel that the country "was going to the dogs?"  "On the contrary! every one seemed  to  think 41  would  worry  along just  -about as comfortably as usual, and I  . didn't see a man dodge as if he expected  an earthquake or some other indication  of heavenly displeasure."  "And to think.'/ said the politician  reflectively, "that I have been under  the impression that the salvation of this  whole country has'rested on me for the  last eight years and seven months!"���������  . Chicago_Post.     . .,,.,.      ,   l  '   "i  A TONIC FOR THE DEBILITATED.  "���������Parmelee's "Vegetable Pills by acting  'mildly but thoroughly on the-secretions  of the body are a valuable tonic, stimulating the lagging organs" to healthful  action and restoring* them to full vigor.  They can be -taken in .graduated doses  ���������nd so used that they can be discontinued  at any time > without return of tho ailments which they were used to allay.  DRAMATIC'AUTHORS.  by Wrli-  The Money That  Im Earned  cm For the Stnffe.  Wonderful stories are told of the amounts  paid to dramatic authors. II they were  true, thoy would prove that the quickest  way to get rich was to write a successful  play, - It takes about two years, however,  for a skilled dramatist to make _ a play,  and Ho cannot guarantee that it will be  liked by the unfathomable public. The  typical pay of a dramatic author is 5' per  cent of tho gross receipts weekly, but there  is no fixed standard of payment. Some  playwrights get a certain sum down and  the Udual royalty of 5 percent Others are  paid on a sliding scale.    ' ' _ v  Ono noted pair of collaborators received  for one of their productions 0 per oent'of  the gross receipts up to' #0,000 and^pqr  cent additional of each $1,000 over that  figure.1. As their work drew $10,000 a week  for tho first six weeks their manager had  to pay them ������700 a week for tho use of  their,work.', In the case of purely theatrical li'ack work smaller prices aro paid,  and tho rate is often fixed at" so much a  night, $25 being a good fee. _' '  For- adaptations royalties aro seldom  paid in this country. A manager usually  hires a hack dramatist and pay_s him a  lump sum for' his work. For "operetta  adaptations very small prices are. paid  That is why the adaptations are usually  such poor trash. (No man who can do  good work can afford jtp accept* theft'drms.  Original operettas,'" if- successful,' pay  both managers and authors very well.  D'Oyly.Carte offered Gilbert and Sullivan  ������10,000 down for tho exclusive, English  rights to the "Pirates of Penzance ", They  'declined the*offer, accepted their customary royalties and got ������12,000.'.���������W.-J:  "Henderson in Scribncr's.       f   "  Permanent  Cure of  alt Rheum.  i-  In  Printing;  House  Sqnnre,  '' Dauber���������Whom does that statue represent/  Scribbler���������Don't you  know?   That is  JJcn   Franklin    the  first American joke  v*r*- It-iuay be.onlya trifling cold, but neg-  '������"'vJeot it and it-will fasten its fangs in your  , \. lungs, .iiid you will soon he carried to an  -    "uutTtijely grave.   In this .country we have  ;^,'J___Midden changes and ^must-expect to  have  ^���������gjvnngos and colds.    We cannot avoid them  ^..ybiUMive' can effect a enre by using Bickle's  ,, . Anti-Cons.-mptive  Syrup,   the medicine  . ". that'h������<3 ** ������>ipr been known to fail in cur-  .* 'ing ��������� caught*,' colds,    bronchitis  and    all  ,,'    affection* ot th������ throat,, lungs and chest.  :  t  Asfcjor MinM'g Linimgnt anil Jake no otner  Fancy and  Finance,'  Ho longed to greet the sunlight.  Ho longed to feel the.rain,  . -. . He longed to eee.tho violet  In beauty once again.  He longed to hear the buzzing  .%   ,    .      Of,ivanderiifg.honey bees.  Ho longed to hear tho joyous song  Of birds among the trees  His longing caused repugnance  To work of any sort.  In fact, he longed so much that ha  Was neurly always short.  ���������Washington Star.  - ' ' " i'  TO PREVENT IS BETTER THAN  TO REPENT.���������A little medicine in the  shape of .the wonderful pellets '.which are  known: as Parmelee's vegetable ' Pills,  administered at the proper; ttnie.ahd^with  the' directions adhered-to often* prevent'' a  serious attack of sickness"and save" money  which would go to the doctor.' i In" alMr-  rogularities of the digestive organs, they  are an" invaluable'~corrective and by  cleansing the'blobd they clear,the skin,of  imperfections. ', -/" ,,   __���������r-^r',  .   .     i  Mlnard'sLlmmenttliBLnmnennaB's'.Frisnd;"   '*; .  i ��������� ��������� - ���������   jv-.\   i <r���������  ~ -W_ : -/      ...  * "Punctilious. ",'*  "It wor j^all intended eociable'an  friendly.'',^19- Mr. Raffefty in-'explaining^ hisVolttck eye. "The. waj^jQi  'Igot"tlie,decoration wor -this: Oi got a  bit angry in tho middle" av the mix up;  an the first.,twing Oi knew Casey, the  conthractor, who bad kindly accepted  me challenge ty'show who wor the best  man .,in the party, caught me off me  guard an landed. It would niver av  happened,if Oi hadn't got mad."  "Haveyez seen Casey since?" asked  Dolan.*  'No; Oi've been kapin away from  him till Oi kin get wan question settled���������Does Casey owe mean explanation fur.blackin me eye or-'ought Oi ty  apologize tyhim fur losin mo timper ?''  ���������Washington Star  The permanent .cure after permanent cure that is being- published  week by week ilia's placed Burdock  Bloo'd Bitters far above all other  remedies' in the estimation of 'trie  sick and'suffering-.  Even the severest" and most chronic diseases that other remedies  fail to relieve yield- to the blood  purifying-, blood enriching- proper-  tics of B.B.B. l '  * s  Salt   Rheum   or s Eczema���������that  ' .-.        . +}.������������������,-.  most  stubborn  of   skin   diseases,  which causes such torture and is so  difficult to cure with ordinary remedies���������cannot withstand   B. B. B.'s  _, n  healing, soothing power.  The case'6f,Mrs.'JaV. Sanderson,  Emerson,^Man., shows how'effective B.B.B. is in curing Salt Rheum  at its worst,, and  cured.  curing-  it to  stay  This is what she wrote  v " Burdock Blood Bitters cured me of a  <bad attack of Salt Rheum three years agx>.  It was so severe that my finger nails came  off. * 1 can truly say that I- know of no  more valuable medicine in the world than  B.B.B. It cured mo' completely -and  permanently, as'I have never had a touch  of Salt Rheum since." - '-���������   .   > -  A FRIGHTFUL ACCIDENT.*  and  'ts  Worms cause feverishness, moaning and  restlessness during sleep. Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator is pleasant, sure and  effectual. If your druggist has none in  stock, got him to procure it for you.  .'KinanTs Liniment is used Dy Physicians.  Wnrnlntc,  ?hey  say.  A Word of  "'  "Great   geniuses,  .-ways absentminded."  *%i   "Yes, 'but  don't fool-yourself,  absentminded people are. not great geniuses."���������Detroit Free Press.  Sure   Buck  ur Side  Is oromptly relieved of all pain by using Griffiths' Menthol Linimont. This  remedy immediately- penetrates to the  painful parts, relieving in a few minutes..  Menthol Liniment is superior to plasters  of any kind for lame back, pleurisy, cold'  on chest, etc.   AW druggists, 25cts..  are  al-  AU  Is there anything more annoying than  having your corn stepped upop? Is there  anything more delightful than getting  rid of it? Holloway's (Jorn (Jura-will do  it.    Try it and, be convinced.  LAUGH  AND  GROVv*   FAT.  The Easy Coins Slan.  Ho never has a single care,"  Thero's'naught can givo him worry;  No matter what the time may he  He never has a hurry.'-    * *  He rises when it pleases him:  Does not retire till late.  The lutest styleB don't trouble him.  But still he's up to date.  Be,does not bother over wheat,  The price of pork or stocks.  He never fears his business will  .Some rhiy 1 .nd on the rocks.  His tacfc'ia always L>e:.u������ing bright.  He very ruroly kicks.  The reason he's so happy is  Because he's only six.  .--,:���������, ���������Detroit Free Press.  ��������� -- i -     -  No man can correctly estimate the  ���������feme value of a woman or a gold mine,  but thousands of men have gone broke  trying to find out���������Chicago News.  Itenjirtee.  ���������* Tlie Drcam',o( die  fieometriciiin.  Alexander   Knietowski,   Polish   born   mve.-ti-  gator  t   Into subjects geometrical.  *  With logarithms deep,  Sat on brooksidu green and bosky, where hia  mental incubator  HatehcU no truth? trigonometrical,  And so ho fell asleep.  He thought ho was incarcerated in an octahedron.  Where a host of things pentngonal  In horrid conclave sat,  And where his wits were enervated by dodo-  cahedron,  Wearing over mien diagonal  An algebraic liat.  In a costume of trapeziums and circles fabricated,  Which refused to be square rooted,   ���������  To his horror he was dressed;  And he found  that  his trapezoids would  noi  be eradicated. .    -  He was parailclo booted.  Though he did his very best.  Ia this lifo sonmambtiliatical he ran from ap-  ��������� parition.s,  In a course circumambulatdry.  Toward a vast abyss,  Where with his mind statistical he found goo  metricians  Giving facts somewhat,consolatory.,..  Of a short death's blins.  No asinctruni pons appeared to cross peripa  tetieally.  The scholar leaped eluslvely.  ���������With awful eerie scroam,'   -  hiniself  upon   tho grasses  ho found no*  apathetically,  And was convinced conclusively  That ull liad been a dream.  ���������Pearson's Weekly.  Alpha Separator-Shaft  Breaks  4 Plays.Havoc. ^ '  *,        ,   - .  ^ *      *      *  * " ���������.      *      * *   * * v  v A.frightfuV,accidentipccurred at the  'Blgin- Oreanierjr, at\ tiajjik-\ place,' last  -_Wednesday;5inbi;ning;^wWch������'^^ ^9^,'  , fortune;* -:-cause<L ^ery^lijale4,'damlger!  ^cconsideriiisr - tha#'''circtfmstahces-, % fIt*  Seems almost a miracle that'Tio.oiie was  killed.   '- "'      -    , 'J^yrf^  '.< The separators , had been started^!,  tlie day,, and had "just" got under *fu_Il  rniotion, when Geo. Segar, who was* at-  teudingto a belt near by, noticed that  one of the Separators was making a  peculiar noise and was not acting, just  right, and he called to- his .brother, J'.  W.' Segar, who was in the weigh-room:  Tlrb latter theu started from the weigh-  room to the floor which the separators  were on, and had no more than reached-  the bottom of the steps when the air  was filled with all kinds of flying iron,  sheet steel, etc. Some of the, missiles  struck J. W. in the head, and inflicting  sexeialrwounds and bruises., and knocking him senseless. He was immediately taken to hi.s home arid medical  aid summoned. A careful examjnar  tion showed that the wounds were  nothing of a very serious nature, although the' side of his ^face " and his  head, was quite ' badly scratched . and  bruised.  The damage was caused by the  breaking of the shaft to the'..separator  close to the "bowl and leaving the bowl  free while revolving at the high rate of-  6,000 per minute. It tore the casing  and covers of the separators into small  pieces, and it was these which" did the  damage., The bowl jumped around  the room quite-lively before it stopped  and left its marks good and deep wher-_  ever it struck.. Parts of the casing  were found imbedded in the' walls-all  about the room,and several pieces went  through an inch door near at hand.���������  Dairy report, April 7.  National Binder Twine.  M.ipk* Luke St-illo-i, Onr.  March )0ih, 1MW  National F.vjimkks' Co., Toko.nro.  Dear Sirs,���������I received the National liiodot  Twino, w.hieh we jii\* well pleased ui:h. J|is  good, also tho IMcurat sjokl-p aled w ate!'. We  think it is lovelv.-md gives good satisfaction.  With thanks.   You re truly,   ,  ��������� GEORGEWAUGH.  And  The  ever so  The  pleiely  Stick���������I   think  you're^looking  much better. '-���������! >  Umbrella���������Oh,  yes, rl'm cohi-  recovered, thank youi���������Punch.  Dear Jirooms.  Householders will have to make up  their minds to pay more for their brooms.  On account of the short crop of broom  com last fall the price of the article has  soared up until it is now 200 per ormt  higher than it was five months ago. Wiie  and twine, which also figure m tho cost  of brooms, have advanced in price. Manufacturers of brooms have already made  three advances in prices since .January  1st last, and the prospects are that the  end is not yet. There* is a shortage of  over 15,000 tons of broom corn and until  another harvest, say Nov. 1st next, the  price of the article will be very high.  The winners of the sewing maohihes.ih  ,tbeLRoyal Crown Soap Co. 's competition  for the week ending May 6th are as. follows : Winnipeg,, ;Lizzio Anderson) SOS  Gwendoline St.; Manitoba, T. Mutrie,  Macdonald; N. W. T., Mra. Fmnk'.Terry,  Whitewood. This competition will be.  discontinued after the.;39th of this month,  when the last drawing will take place.  All persons having coupons and wrappers  must have them in before that date.  SUFFERING WOMEN  fig ^BS}     I can cure permanently all  ���������* C5M diseases peculiar to women,  such as displacements, inflammations and ulceration j  of womb, painful, suppressed and irregular menstruation, leucor.'  rhcea, etc. WRITE tor FREE BOOK.  Mrs. Julia B. Richard, Boi 098, Montreal, One.  MEMBER OF THE "  STANDARD   MIMING  EXCHANGE.  E. Oartly Parker  12  ADELAIDE ST.  E., TORONTO.  ALL  STANDAED   BRITISH COLUMBIA, ONTARIO AND 'REPUBLIC  STOCKS   DEALT IN ON COMMISSION.  I am onering some attractive money making- stocks just now."1 It will pay yon. to*-'  keep in touch with me.     CODES:   Kedforu*"Mc:Nein's.nCloug-li'8, Moreing Sc N������al������.  nsr^Tioisr^x, ,   .THE- BEST  FERTILIZER-'  KNOWN  RESUSCITATES wo>n out Landsf"IMPROVES Good_ Lands  and "makes, the Best Iiands BETTER.  Z:l?- Cheaper and bevtjer^than Bluestone as a preventative of Smut and Rust,  besides increasing,'the quantity and improving the quality of the Crop.  AGENTS WANTED IN EVERY DISTRICT IN CANADA. ,  NATIONAL FARMERS' C0% TORONTO, ONX  I Must Kovethe  ^cnaine, The  imitations look  Very iuce> but they  hurt my delicate SKIN������  .  ti:s AujcrtToiuetSojip Cov. -C*  ]*i  -.������' , ���������.  R.rA. LISTER & CO., Ld.,  r:   2������2 Kin? St., WI>XirEG.  , "<      "    <f      ���������   -      . '  CKEAM  SEFAKATOKSi' With one of-oiw  *. Separators you'make as-much butter from"'  . 8 cows HS,ypu can' from'10,or 12 without}  ,  one���������make it better���������-ruar better calves, and,  .  - .save.a fjreat deal of time and/'labour.   Our  - ' 'Separators s*aiwl twice'tbe M-ea'r-and tear  '   ��������� of* an>}vpthei*8**i>atf^brr SaA'iievcr'-fiy off the*  Ji'aMk.i'r>   * ,-,'   '*",,."���������*   r^i"  "GASOjLIJwE "^NGINKsT "nTfford all tho convc-''  %   ..jilejice as a J/ower in country, places that  > '/>j61c������!t������iici,ty. 'does in. cities.   We handle the,  Ask.your nearest 'dealer to write'us for prices..  THE- Hi Ai, NELSON ft. SONS ,C0.,; IMTH)  MONTREAL,   QUE.      .  ."rf  i.    *'.  ������������������������  _.. f*-��������� - i i f  ... i^.OWKRg':?*?Werai-ie'-85j'e?aljents.L  '  thc:St$^lhansSJX)ne;sH^  FACTORY vFUBNISHIN^GS: Ghur hs; Butter...  w6rkersjiButter.1:Bbxe^\fGhees3Boxegi^  CB'^vXtolbr/Bandage;'-Wlhe'.-13iair.y;Salt;.ptc;;c  etc:#Sevew;'������ar^*load3^juattarrive4;.^i<rS^  Writ*  prl<5e������;;; ahd'i-partiiftul������TSi3i'iEj  BRITANNIA, BEARER .and^BXTPC-T? ,|  FALO are the finest India ;and v'V-^I  j Ceylon TEAS packed.  /Put up *y;' -  ; MacKENZIE & MILLS; Winnipeg X^'  /'CAllchiadeTth'ls seoadhf rom>Purc Manila^emp^gfg^i  ;&skTfor;������'ricS;atfaeS^^  JraEliN^PEi^NTSl  mmim  m-mm  t''::<:':^MM'^*/'^$  >m  ''-I  7  :���������::���������:  COFFEE  [j^������^t5S������Tw1<*.<������������*'^  eHASE&SANBQRRi  Montreal^  WM&M  > ���������   '��������� . i v>.     i  THE ^^^DO^XGGLL^ifE '���������  PURE%~���������'���������" "~^   READY'  MIXED  \u ������������������*���������':���������:' ;'��������� ^Miido^:witti:iM:A-NITOBA   ������������������  ������������������   ������������������  .[.. Vt     XIXSKKDVOII,;- ���������-;,.  :-For inside" and outside House Painting,;   Moors; "Ceilings, > Walls,   RTOfi^f^  Elevators, 6rranaries,.; Metal or vTood. j    |:  Reliable Paint for all purposes.  Sold by:':UP,'.��������� TO - DATE " Hardyrare.  Deaiers..        '���������-���������'  .-.'..-.;.     >���������; ':-'r-y;:-:-.:''':..-'.'"  MANUFACTURED  BY  Q F. STEPHENS:��������� & XJO;,  :WINNIPBO:.-  ;;;v"  .���������.-(< 1  m  Gan't Get Away^  HIGH. GRADE^PLQWS,   SEEDING "MACHINES,.  Carnage*,   PfuKons, BarrowH,' AV iiuliallls,  <fec.   COCliSHUTT PLOW CO., Winnipeg:.  LUCAS, STEELE & BRISTOL  Importers of Groceries  Wntfi US. Hamilton, Ont.  Circle Teas  I<. S. & B. Coffees  X,. S. & B. Extracts  L. S. & B. Spiccf  REID'S  PIANOS  Keep'-ffiuarfl's Liniment in tig house.  In touch, tone and finish they have no .equal.  Oorrespondents wanted in every town to act  as agents.  REIB BROS., 257 Kinjj St., West,  Toronto.  ^S|nbing  BARBER SHOPS ^yo Trial Inai  mont at 10c an avplicatton, or lareo bottla  a.tdnipgistit, J1.00. Rnttlo exprossefl. ������1.00.  Satnplo with booklet on tho hair, 10c postpaid. .-.*.���������*���������������������������'  JONES BROS. & CO.. Toronto.  And you Can't Get Away from  the FACT that  WHITE STAR  - ��������� >-.  .IsWhatYou OUGHT to us./ BECAUSK of  ��������� IT'S PURITY  ���������:���������'.."   "     STRENGTH  "     CHEAPNESS.  1   25   CENTS   PER   IcB.   G/VN.  '���������;      '"  r���������^f        -Sy"'  the msm^imm oo.  "i *' ���������  ,.,-'��������� 1   '    ��������� -f*- -'-}'ls:"A-'*. *��������� ' to  ���������Hi  THE CUMBERLAND NEWS.  ISSUKD EVERY SATURDAY.���������  M.  E.  Bissect Editor.  SuNoribera failing to receive The  Nkws regularly will coaler a favor by noti-  iyniK the Office.  The columns of Tiik Nkws are open to all  who wish to express therein views on matt-  era of public  interest.  While we do not hold ourselves respoosi-  hie for theutteratices of correj*_joudeut������' wa  reserve the right of declining to insert  comitiunica-ions unnecessarily personally,  jg5^* When writing communications to  this paper, wkiteon one siijk ONLY of  THE PCEITAN SCHOOL  ���������V BELIEF THAT   SPARING THE  SPOILED THECHILD.  paper used.    Printers do NOT turn copy.  .tar' Advertisers who want their ad  changed, should get copy in by  12 a.m. day before issue.  .If any Iuffttiiluua Metkatfs "Devised to Tor-  *.      . ...  ture the  Disobedient .scl������ular���������The Rod  -   aud   the Ferule lu   Frequent Demand*  Favorite Studies.   -  FKIDAY,    JUNE     30th,     1899  THE FOLLOWING    EXPLAINS  ITSELF:    ,  R. Landeils Esqr.  Sec'y A. & I. Association  Courtenay, B. C.  Dear Sir:���������Somet ime ago io, reply to a communication from your  association, I strtefd that I would  be pleased to offer a special prize  for your exhibition.  I hep, therefore, to say that I  will pre.-ent a prize of $20 cash to  the person exhibiting "the best  pound print, pat, or brick of butter,  the same to be   entered   separately  r ,  for thib competition.  .    If it is agreeable to  the   association, I should  be  happy   to   have  them consider this competition   as  an annual item of their prize list.  I beg to remain  Yours faithfully,  '"���������"��������� W.'W. B. Mclnnes.  (The above was received too late,  to go in this year's list, but the  prize will be awarded.)  o  MIRAGE   SEEN   FROM,   PORT  HOOD, N._ S.  In the forenoon of last Thursday,  June 1st, an interesting and singularly beautiful phenomenon was  observed out in the bay���������apparently 20 miles distant���������from Port  Hood. Our neighbor, Prince Ed-  ward Island,  ordinarily   invieablv  o _  distant and coy, suddenly changed  and like another "Prince" in fairy  gallantly miraged   himself   within  bowing distance !    Yes, for  over a  couple of hours   this0 unique   and  beautiful spectacle was observed by  the people of Port Hood and   vicinity.    The "looming," as it is called  was so vivid  and perfect, that   not  only ihe indentations of the shore,  tne land elevation?, but the ploughed fields, houses, etc.; were   clearly  observable.    "A  most   remarkable  case   of   this   sort   (mirage)   says  Chamber's Encyclopaedia  "occured  on the 26th of July, 1794, at  Hastings, England.    From  this   place,  the French coast is  50   miles   distant; yet,   from   the    seaside   the  whole coast of France from   Calais  to near Dieppe wa.*j distinctly visible   and   continued   so   for   three  hours."    Remarkable, as it  was  it  was not a whit more  so   than   the  one seen from Port   Hood   on   the  1st of June.���������Antigonish Casket.  Greek and Politics  During one of the years.of Lord Duffer*  in's administration, that talented Governor  General deliverod an address in Greek before the University of McGill Collage, Sir  John Macdonald and Sir Hector Langevio  being present with him. One of the reporters wrote in his report: "His Lordship  spoke in the purest ancient Gretk without  mispronouncing a word ar piakiag the  slightest grammatical Bo\epj$w''  "Good Heavens," BzidSjtr Jfyptor to Sir  John, as they read the reofw*. "How did  the reporter know that ? "  "I told him," replied Sir John.  "But you don't know Greek. "  "True," answered Sir John, "but I  know a little about politics,"  Great attention was paid to penm  ship. Spelling'' was nought if ihe  "wrighting" were only fair arid flowii'ff.  ������ have never read of any criticism of  teachers by either parents or town officers save in the one question of writing  How deeply children were' versed oi  grounded in the knowledge of the pro  per use of "Siuime colings not of interio-  Ration* peorids and commoes" I do not  know. A boundless freedom apparently  v/as given, as was also in orthography���������  if we judge from the letters of the times.  The school houses were simple dwellings, often tumbling down and out of  repair. The Roxbury teacher wrote in  1081: %  "Of inconveniences [in the school-  house] I shall mention no other but the  confused and shattered and nastie posture that it is in, not fitting for to reside  in, the glass broke, and thereupon very  raw and cold; the floor very much broken and torn up to kindle fires, the  hearth spoiled, the seats some burned  and out of kilter, that one had well-high  as good keep school in a hog stie as in  This schoolhouse had been built and  furnished with some care in 1652.  "The feoffes agreed with Daniel Welde  that he provide convenient benches with  forms, with tables for tlie scholars, and  a conveniente seate for the schoolmaster  a Deske to put the Dictionary on and  shelves to lay up bookes.  The schoolmaster "promised and engaged to use his best endeavour both by  precept and example to instruct in all  Scholasticall morall and Theologicall dis  cipline the children so far ns they be cap  able all A. B. C Darians accepted." He  was paid in corn., barley or peas, the  value of 25 pounds per annum, and each  child through his parents or guardians  furnished half a cord of wood for the  schoolhouse fire. If this load of wood  were not promptly furnished the child  suffered, for the master did not allow  him "the benefit of the fire"; that is, to  go near enough to feel the warmth.  The children of wise parents like Cotton Mather, were also taught "opifLs/vi  and beneficial sciences" such as the wvo-  tery of mpdicine���������a mystery indeed fa  colonial times.  Puritan schoolmasters believed, as did  Puritan parents,  that sparing the   rod  -spoiled the child, and great latitude was  given in punishment; the rod and ferule  were fiercely-and .frequently plied, as in  Kiurlishschools of the same djite. When  young men were publicly whipped iu col  ieges,   children were sure   to,, be  well  trained in smaller schools. Master Lovel,  thiit tigerish Boston master, whipped the  culprit with birch rods,   and forced aj--  ���������ther scholar to hold the sufferer on his  tiack. Others whipped on the soles of the  'eet,' and. one -teacher roared out,  " Oh,  the Caitiffs, it is good for them." Not  only were children whipped, but many  ingenious instruments of. torture were  in vented. One teacher made his xcholars  ���������tit on a " bark seat turned upside down  with his thumb on the knot of a floor."  Another master of the inquisition invented a uuipud���������a stool with one leg  : -sometimes placed in the middle of the  ���������eat, sometimes on the edge., on which  the unfortunate scholar tirc-jomely balanced.   Others sent out the suffering  pupil to cut a branch of a tree, and making a split in the L-rge. end of the branch,  sprung it on  the culprit's nose, arid he  stood painfully pinched, an object of  ridicule with his spreading branch of  leaves:    One cruel master invented also  an instrument of torture which he call  ���������d a ���������'flapper." It was a heavy piece of  leather six inches  in diameter with a  hole in the middle, arid was fastened at  ' the edge to a pliable handle.   The pain  inflicted by this brutal instrument can  well be imagined.   At another school,  whipping oi unlucky wights was done  "upon a peaked block with a tattling,"  and this expression of colonial severity  seems to take on an additional force ana  cruelty in our minds that we do not at  all know what a tattling stick was, nor  understand what was meant by a peaked block.--Alice Morse Earle in Xnds>  Vtndaat  PURE MILK.  Delivered daily by us in Cumberland  and Union.    Give us a trial.  HUGH GRANT & SOU.  LOST���������Between Comox and  Courtenay, a light summer overcoat. Finder will be rewarded by  leaving it at this office.  WANTED.���������-Apprentice to learn trade,  and girl to work at Tailoring. Apply at  P. Dunne's.  WE   WANT YOUR  Job Prijjlii?  I8ATISFA0T0EYpIxoc^  ROD  Relation of Climate to Crime.  Now we have a factor to consider In  our study of crime that is an important  one, and its bearing upon th������ heredity  view  is far   from  insignffie&it.   Prof.  Bosco,  who   has  made .t ��������� ������ reparative  study of the statistics or homicide in  Europe, shows that, while in eight prin-  ' ciple states in Western Europe���������Spain  excepted���������with a population of 128,500.-.  000 people over ten years of aire,   there  are 2,777 annual trials for murder. Italy,  with 28,000.000 individuals of like age,  has 8,606 such trials. France, Belgium,  England,   Scotland,    Ireland,   Austria.  Holland, Germany, with six times th������  population of Italy, only furnish three-  fourths as many murders.   The statistical tables of Dr. Bosco place  the civil -  ized   nations of   Europe,  Scandinavia  and Russia excluded, ' in the following  ascending order of homicidul criin i n ���������' lity  Holland. England, Germany, S<.<f> .nd,  France, Belgium, Ireland, Austria. Hungary. Spain and Italy���������a scale ivfTordiat'  suggestion to the psychologist.  Hippocrates believed thut all regions ���������  ��������� liable to violent changes of climate produced men of tierce and stubborn disposition. Buckle declared that the interruption of work caused by instability of  climate leads to instability of character.  Quetelet says that the number of crimes  Rgainst property relatively to the number or crimes against the person increases considerably as we advance toward  the North. Another eminent student  of French criminal statistic** , M. Tardc,  confirms the opinion of'thn latter authority, and admits that high temperature  does exercise an indirect influence ou  the criminal passion. But the most exhaustive investigation* in this problem  have been recently undertaken in Italy  by Signor Ferri. whose crim rial statistics of France show that ''.'rimes against  the person rise with the temperature,  those against property do the' reverse.  Clearly, climate has a great influence  but how about India, which is far less  homicidal than any European country!  India has not half as many homicide:-,.  annually as England.    With this exam  Ele before us, then, whatever climate  as to do with fostering these crimes  may be obviated by a better form of  social organization. Here racial distinction comes in, and Prof. Ferri's table  gives this sequence of races. namely-  First, the Teutons; the Franco Celt; the  mixture of Slav, Latin and' Teuton in  Austria; then the Magyar: lastly the  Latin. Latin-American, accordingly,  is more homicidal than the Anglo-Saxon  North.���������Phrenological Journal.  ShotverM of Ink.  The. meteorological records of tlie  world chronicles several incontestible instances of black rainfalls, to say nothing  of the more startling phenomena ol  '���������showers of blood, blue snows."(fee.  Prof. Barker, in April, 1845. laid befor*  the Royal Society of Dublin some obser  vations on a shower of black rain which  fell around Carlow and Kilkenny, extending over an area of about 400 *quare  miles. ���������  '  '��������� During the course of his lecture;Prof.  Barker exhibited to the society a speci  men of this uncanny shower which had  been sent him by a friend. The speci  men shown in the vial was a uniform  black color, much resembling common  black writing fluid. * Dr. Barker found,  however, that after. allowing it to stand  for a short period the black coloring  matter separated from the water with  which it had mixed; rendering the color  of the rain water much lighter, but stil"  dark enough to be called '' black rain.''  The shower which was in broad daylight, was preceded by a darkness so  dense as to make it impossible for one to  read without the aid of a candle. After  this darkness had continued for some  time, a hail storm set in, attended with  rivid lightning, but without the least  semblance of thunder. When this hail  storm was over the black rain began to  On examination of the rain immedi  ately' after the; storm was over it was  found to have an extremely fetid smell,  as well as a very disagreeable taste. All  light-colored animals and all articles of  clothing exposed bore dark spots an4  stains, and'cattle refused to drink the  water or eat. the grass until after a  shower of "real rain" had washed off  the blsck, poisonous matter.���������Philadelphia Pras������  For Your Job   Printing  GIVE US A   TRIAL  WE PRINT  Letter Headg, Note Heads, Bill  Heads,    Envelopes,    Business  Cards, Shipping Tags, Posters,  Handbills, Dodgers, Circulars,  Funeral Notices, etc.,  AT   VERY     LOWEST   PRICES  WE ARE PREPARED  TO TURN OUT EVERY  THING IN THE LINE  OF JOB PRINTING TO  PLEASE THE EYE AND  SUIT THE TASTE AT  REASONABLE    PRICES  M  FOR SALE.  FOR SALE���������101 acres of land near  Courtenay.    App y at this office.  FOR SALE.���������Valuable property iu  Cumberland. For further information ap-  ly to News Office. .  Cumberland  Hotel ""  '/I  SUNDAY SERVICES  TRINITY CHURCH.���������Services in  Rev. J.   X.  Wii.lemar,  the evening,  rector.  METHODIST CHURCH.-Skrvicks  at the usual hours morning and evening  Epworth   League meets  at the close  of  evening service.   Sunday School at 2:30.  Rev. W. Hicks, pastor.  ST? GEORGE'S PRESBYTERIAN-  CHURCH.���������Services at 11 a.m. and  7 p m. Sunday School at 2:30. Y. P.  S. C. E. meets at the close of evening  service.    Rev. W.  C.   Dodds, pastor.  St. John's Catholic Church���������Rev.  J. A. Durand, Paator. Mass ou Sundays  8:30 or 11 o'clock a. m. Notice of hour  given each Saturday.  MORTGAGE SALE.  UNDER and by virtue of the power of sale contained in   a  certain  mortgage dated the 30th  day   of  September 1895 and  duly  registered in the Land Registry Office  at   Victoria,   B.   C,   in   Charge  Book, volume 13, Folio 891,, No.  811 D     the    following  property  will   be     offered   for   sale     by  sealed tender viz:    East  half  of  Lot 4 in block '9 in the   town   of  Cumberland   according    to   the  map of Cumberland deposited in  the Land I-'.ej'.istry. Office at  Vic-  toria and numberud 522 AiT'  Tenders addressed'to the   undersigned and posted to him will   be  received up to noon of  the   lOih  July, 1899, for  the purchase   of  the above, mentioned   property.  The title deeds may be  inspected  and further information received  by applying at the office   of   the  undersigned.    The    highest    or  any tender  not   necessarily   accepted.  L. P. ECKSTEIN,  Whitney Block, Cumberland, B. C.  solicitor for the mortgagees.  Dated June 24th, 1899.  COR. DUNSMUJR AVENUE^;  AND SECOND' STREET,"'  CUMBERLAND, B. C.       ,      '  Mrs. J. H..Piket, Proprietress.  When in Cumberland be  sure VI  and stay  at  tlie  Cumberland ff  \\  Hotel,  First-Class   Accomoda  ��������� tion for transient and perman-, r  ent boarders. jj  Sample Rooms and   Public Hall ^j  Run in Connection  with   Hotel.  Rates from $1.00 to $2.00 per  day  -   I  Samuel J. Piercii  Milk, Butter, Eggs,  and Farm  Produce supplied daily.  SATISFACTION GUARANTEED  OOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOO  o  o  o  o  o  o  o  o  o  o  Live  r  ^2sTID  o  o  o.  o  o  c  o  o  o  I am   prepared    to  furnish Stylish Rigs"  and do Teaming at  , reasonable rates. 5  D.  KILPATRICK.     g  Cumberland o  OOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOO  /I  Espmsit. ft liaiiaimo. -By. \f  ~&nv:~rn.  . JC*'���������S'>">*'^-.,,���������  rv.������K^  il  Steamship City of Nanaimo will sail as  follows, calling at way ports as freight aud  passengers may offer.  Leave Victoria for Nanaimo  L Tuesday 7 a.m.  ''    Nanaimo for Comox,  Wednesday 7 a.m.  Comox for Nanaimo  Friday 8 a.m.  '       Nanaimo for Victoria,  Saturday 7 a.m.  . OR  Freight   tickets   and Stateroom apply on board,  GEO. Ii.  COURTNEY,  Traffi.ee Manager.  C O URTENAY  Directory.  COURTENAY HOUSE,  Callum, Proprietor.  A.   H.   Mo  GEORGE    B.    LEIGHTONY  smith and Carriage Maker.  Slack  Union  Presh Lager Beep  STEAM-Beer,   Ale,  THE  BEST'. ...;...  IN  THE PROVINCE  and    Porter.  il  ���������u  i  A reward of $5.00 will be paid for information   leading  to conviction   of  persons witholding or destroying any   kegs   belonging  to  this  company.  HENRY RE IF EL,    Manager.  Independence  The man who buys Shorey's  Ready Tailored  Clothing looks and feels independent. His apparel is  just as stylish as though he had paid a high price to a  swell tailor. His appearance is a recommendation if he  is seeking employment. The simple fact that he is wearing Shorey's Clothing is proof of his well-balanced  judgement. And the guarantee card he finds in the pocket of each garment makes  him independent of all risk.  The clothes must satisfy him,-or he can have his money back.  1 i\  V  J  Fo- Sale by Stevenson & Go. artificial .fertilizers and  HOW TO USE imu.  By J. R. Anderson.  Read at the Regular Meeting of the  Comox Farmers'    Institute  May  18th,   1899.  (Continued.)'  Excessive use of nitrogen should  be avoided in fertilizing   f r   fruit  |N trees and cereals as it tends to pro-  mote an excessive growth of foliage  at the expense of the seed or  fruit.  Very little requires to be   used   for  leguminous   plants,     for    reasons  elsewhere  mentioned,   but   liberal-  applications   of    lime   should   be  made���������preferably    two    or   three  days   before.  ' !For   potatoes   the  l quantity of potash' it will   be   ob-  [served, should be greatly increased.  Tbe use of stable manure   appears  *to favour the growth of scab and is  therefore not recommended  for potatoes, and the same may  be   said  of wood ashes.    '  r*  Wood    ashes,   especially     those  [from hard woods, are valuable as a  [fertilizer, containing  as they do an  iverage of about five   p r   cent   of  Vpoiash and from 1 to 2 per  cunt  of  [phosphoric acid.  *s '  L m>*. gypsum, salt,,etc.,   cannot  jpiv-pcr.y be classed as? indirect iertil  ���������iz r������.     Th>y,,arc often classed as in  .direct fertilizers but   they are more  piop.rly stimulants   inasmuch   as  they do^not furnish  elements   that  ^.ic lacking in the soil but   because  they act  upon   unavailable   plant  .food and   render   it   available   to  "plants, hence the  term   stimulant.  'But I do nut think it necessary   to  j explain here   the   chemical   action  of stimnlents upon the soil,   suffice  it to any that they have  the   effect  ^of setting free the unavailable am-  onia, nitrogen and   potash   which  may-be in the  soil   and   in   some  leases of improving  the texture   of  the soil, thus lime tends to pulverize and lighten  heavy claj'S and to  neutralize an}r acidity uf   the   soil  which occurs in wet  boggy   places.  It must be   remembered,   however,  [that since the nse of lime   acts   in  the manner  I. have   indicated   it  stands to   reason   that   con inued  (liming will have the effect,   in   the  [course of time,   of   exhausting   all  *be plant food there is in   the   soil  fand  it   should   therefore   be u.-ed  nth discretion.    It was  a   saying,  L)eXjfore the use of artificial   manures  Ivas properly understood, and practiced that liming makes rich fathers  ^uid poor sons.    As a gmeral   rule  may be stated that from half   a  on to one and a half tons of   lime  Ter acre applied every five   or   six  ^ears is sufficient, but of course  in  cceptional   cases   more   may   be  s^sed.  'RCHASING FERTILIZERS.  Toe onest'on of buying fertilizers  separately  and   mixing   them   at  home and buying   what is called a  complete   fertilizer,    is   one   that  should be   fairly , considered,   and  whilst   unquestionably   the   seller  has better facilities,  and   therefore  can mix more thoroughly, and at a  less expense,  the farmer,  has   the  disadvantage of buying a   fertilizer  which   cannot    possibly   suit   all  crops, and all soil, besides- paying  for substances  which   are   added,  which would cost him  nothing   on  the farm.      In the United States it  is,estimated that the retail price of  a ton of mixed   fertilizer   is  from  $8.00 to $10.00  above the   market  value of the  unmixed   ingredients.  The farmers there estimate the cost  of doing their own   mixing   at   75  cents per ton.  [TO BE CONTINUED.]  For Sale  One "STEWART BANJO"  and one "COLUMBIA GUITAR,"   both  new.       Anyone  .. wanting a Banjo or Guitar  would get a  ^bargain   in   pur-  - chasing one , of these fine instruments.  Chas. Segrave, Local  Agent Cumberland.  The Cumberland News  only  0. H. FECHNER.  COURTENAY SCHOOL REPORT  The annual public examination  of the Courtenay public school passed off very pleasantly on Friday,  forenoon. There was a fair attend-  ance of parents and visitors. The  school room was beautifully .decorated with flowers and ferns. We  noticed some very fine potted plants  which have had their home in the  school room during the past six  months.  Rolls of honor, were awarded to  the following pupils:  Robina Dingwall, for proficiency.  Alex. Urqubait, deportment. Wm  Urquhait, punctuality and regularity. ���������  The children and a  few   friends  had a very pleasant lunch and pit -  nic in   the   afternoon   under  the  trees by the river.  [Owing to not having received  the above report in time for last issue we were unab'e to publish it.  Ed.]  __ Teeth Mutilation.  Dr. Magitot. of Paris,  has pnbliahed  an interesting account of the mutilation  of the teeth practiced by various' savage  tribes.    One variety,  which ia   chiefly  aiet with on the coasts of Africa and the  west coast of New Guinea,  consists of  the breaking of a portion of the incisor  by means of a knife and a piece of wood,  and is performed  between  the ages of  twenty and twenty-five.    The custom of  extracting the two   central incisors is  found in both hemispheres.    According  to Zerate, it has been practiced in Peru  from time immemorial, where it is inflicted on conquered tribes as a sign of  slavery.    Tn Africa it has been observed  on the Congo, among the Hottentots and  th������ Batoxas.    The mutilation  by  filing  has for its exclusive center the Malayan  Archipelago, whence it has spread to"the .  adjoining islands.    It is a religious act,  urliicfc is celebrated with great festivities  at the age of puberty, but this only by  the   Mohammedans."   The   degree   and  character of this filing vary with the  habits of family or caste.    The operation  is performed by an expert,   the Tukaug  ���������������������������pangur (filer), by means of a chisel,'three.-'  bricks, two files, a small saw, aud a pair  of cutting nippers, the instruments being  rubbed with arsenic and lemon juice be  fore being used:  It is the fashion among some tribes on  the Senegal River to extract the  upper  temporary incisors in girls when quite  young and to manipulate the chin, ho  that it is drawn forward and the lower  incisors are made to protrude so  us to  jverlap the ripper lip, thus producing an  artificial   prognathism.    In Indo-Chiua  rod Japan a girl on her marriage points  aer teeth with a black varnish.    However, as this operation requires time and  money, it ia only practiced by the wi*al-   !  thy   class.    Livingstone reported   that   j  among tlie Kafirs a child whose uj per   |  teeth erupted before the lower ones was   i  regarded as a monster and killed.    Un   j  tho Upper Nile the negroes have  their   j  upper  incisors  extracted,  in order   to   !  avoid being sold  as  slaves,   because of  the loss of value brought about by this  mutilation.    Among the Esquimaux, as  described by the Abbe Peritat. in some  regions there exists a custom ot trans ���������  verscly cutting off the upper  incisors,  the object of t'lis being, according tc  local tradition,   to prevent th* human  chin looking like rl: at of * lo������*.���������Lnno-t  i  'I  LEADING   BARBER  and  Keeps a Large Stock  of Fire Arms. Amuni-  tion and Sporting  Goods of all descriptions.  Cumberland,      B. C.  T _ '  *T ' '  J. IR;, McLEOL  General Teaming Powdei  OH, Etc., Hauled. Wood  in Blocks Furnished.  SCAVENGER  WORK DONE  Society     Cards  Hiram Looge No 14 A.F .& A.M.,B.C.''-.  Courtenay B.C.  >   Lodge meets on 'every Saturday on or  before the full of the moon l.  Visiting Brothers' cordially requested  to attend.  -  Ri S. McCbnriell,  ^.Secretary.,,  Cumberland  Encampment.  No. 6,  I. O.O. F.,   Union.  Meets every alternate Wednesdays ot  each month at 7:30 o'clock p.m. Visiting  Brethren cordially invited to attend.  Chas. Whyte, Scribe.  I    O    O.   F.  Union Lodge, No. 11, meets ever)  Friday night at 8 o'clock. Visiting bretb  ren cordially invited to attend.  F. A. Anlev, R. S.  has an extensive circulation, not  throughout Comox District, but all over  the Dominion. We have subscribers in  all the large cities of Canada, and can  thus offer patrons  A first-class  iu\  Medium, v ���������  '"      - ' # ��������� ' J-  Qiir   rates  are njoderaie  ��������� .^j  .GIVE US..  ' A TfilAL)  ,-i  r *  o  r u.l  TREES  FBTJIT and  OBNAMENTAI*  Bulbs, Roses, Hollies, Rhodoendrons, etc.,  for spring planting. Thousands growing on  my own grounds. Most complete stock m  the province. New catalogue now ready.  Call or address M. J. HENRY, 604 West-  minster Road, Vancouver, B. C.  PURE   MILK  delivered by me daily  in Cumberland and  Uuion.    A share of patronage is solicited.  JAMES REID.  . L P. Eckstein .  Barrister, Solicitor,  Notary Public.  CUMBERLAND,    B. C.  YARW00D  8l   YOUNG.  BARRISTERS and SOLICITORS  Cerner of Bastion and Commercial  Streets, Nanaimo, B. C  BttANCii Office, Third Street and Dunsmuir  Avenue, B. C  Will be in Union the 3rd  Wednesday  of  each month- and remain ten days.  NOW READY  WILLIAMS  B.  C.   DIRECTORY  -For 1899���������  PUBLISHED  ANNUALLY  The Largest and Most Complete Directory yet published for   British   Columbia.  Contains ever 1000 pages of all  the latest    information.  PRICE   $5 00  To be obtained direct fro*vi the Director)  Offices, Victoria, the Agents, or P.. O.  Box 485, Victoria, B. C.  Subscription  $2.00  a  year.  INDEPEN-  TO     SAY  ."THE NEWS" IS  DENT ENOUGH  WHAT IT BELIEVES TO BE  RIGHT EVERY TIME, AND  ITS COLUMNS ARE OPEN TO  ALL CORRESPONDENTS. WHO  FEEL LIKE DOING THE SAME.  Equal rights for all.    Special pri v*  ileges for none. .  Job Printing  We have a good , job  plant and good printers,  and we are prepared to  do neat and attractive  work in  SHORT ORDER  We wont do Job  Work for nothing.  That's not what  The News is here  for. But we gua  rantee -<as������.  ..4^5:^  * "fir  n������.������ ���������&��������� ���������  l\[ISSIQ^RmM[RIT;-'  -���������%  THE WOMAr^'WHO WANTS.TO-MAKE  EVERYBODY  GOOD 'AS GOLD.  aiiH<lirecte<l tKftorl ot ftla.hy Who  Meun Welir. l>ut- IJon't JKn'otv���������Tlie  Bettt Missionary Work I������ to "Love  Tlsy Xcitflibor an Thyself-!'  If you know a \vom;in. possessed of the  missionary spirit���������in' whatever direction  it may tend���������pity her; for her days are  not nil "made up of pleasures and her  nights filled with the-peaceful dreams that  come only to the one who lias labored successfully and found her toil appreciated.  The,woman who wants to see everybody  in the'world  just as Rood as gold may be  tho woman worthy of all the love you have  to bestow upon her; but, as  I  have said,  don't forget to pity her also, for she needs  it.     You  may   have   to  indulge  in  your  pitying  very quietly, for   the  missionary  ��������� spirited woman is usually proud���������proud of  her desire  to   improve  other  folks' lives;,  v  'from the proper way to clean the one room  " 'in a tenement house to the revising of the  list of people it is well for you to call upon  or have your daughters associate with.  I wonder if ever there was a missionary  who felt herself repaid for her labor. 1  wonder if ever there was a missionary who  did not finally come to sit clown and say,  in a disappointed instead of a happy voice:  "Well, I don't believe that other folks  'need so much .looking affcpr when it comes  right down to tlie truth'of the matter. We  have just got in the way all our lives of  looking for and expecting to find ��������� more  evil than good in the world, and it's all  wrong."  Now, my dear little missionary woman,  when you sit down quietly and come to  this conclusion then your good work has  only just begun. But I am reminded as  I write this .of a true ,missionary .story.  The charming young woman who figured  in it had not, at tho time of its occurrence, coino to the peaceful conclusion  "that the people who go to make up this  world are not s.uch a bad lot after all, but  I think'she has since'.'  In her zeal to lift up pome of the awful-  , ly downtrodden and wicked people of the  city she^asked a friend to tell her where  some such "could be found. She was directed to one dark looking littlo side street,  and thither she hied, in company with another young woman and -".a bundle of old  hooks and clothes, on a bright afternoon,  albeit it was cold. .���������,  With bright and ffri_i'lin_g faces the mis  sionary girls trippea^ul^a flight of ��������� dark  looking stah's. They had been told that a  widow with two small children lived there,  and to the widow's room they, would go  first and give her the old clothes and the  good books to read.  When  they rapped on  the door at the  top of the stairs, ifc was opened  by a neat  looking  woman,   who  was    ironing  out  snowy, ruffled skirts that evidently did not  belong'to her.   Thorn were "several baskets  heaped   up  with  freshly  laundered garments..        - ,, ��������� - '-.  .The woman looked tlie surprise she felt  at the arrival of ��������� her  unexpected visitors.  ���������When the' young womcu told her they had  ..come to pay her a friendly visit and  leave  .her some books, the woman smiled rather  ��������� sadly,   thanked  them, and  said  sho   had  little time to  read, und.that if  the ladies  would excuse her she would  go  on with  her ironing, as sho had a pile of those love?,  ly, snowy skirts  to  finish and deliver before dark.  ���������   Looking* ubout tho room the missionaries  discovered that it was clean and that over  the fireplace there hung a bright hucrJL pic!! i  tuxe of the Christ. Uhild and his mother:���������������.  That one poor, little room iu a tenement  b'onse did not seem, somehow, the place to  begin "reforming," neither was there any  sign that old clothes would be acceptable'  "And, would  you  believe   it,"   said   tho  .young woman who told mc the story herself,   "we  trotted  around  all  that afternoon and did not find any one we felt we  -dared give those old clothes to, and so wo  .just   had  to  take thorn   back homo with  ids."       .,:'..;... ��������� .'...  :-._  ������������������ ...   ...   #..';^.  "My dear," said a quiet voiced woman  ��������� who heard this story, "why, did';:y6u not  let me know of those nice, warm garments  yota. had to give? I know a poor girl about  your size that I could have made them  over for beautifully/artd neverletherguess  that they came to her'"as gifts of charity.'"  Tho dearest missionary woman in the  world is the one who.has a licart'fuli:of  charity for the one who sometimes fails to,  do right and who sees shining through  all the wrong that little spark of right  that is born with all of us. She shuts her  eyes to the wrong.aud soon the good pro-  vails. Nobody enjoys being told that ho  or sho is entirely wrong. So this is a very  nico plan.  The missionary spirit needs curbing,  just as the shopping habit docs.  If you want to reform your neighbors,  let them know that you take a real, sincere interest in them, but meet them, on a  common  plane     You   will   never  find  ���������  nice and opportune time to sug-gest to  them that there arc higher ideals taSK'thcy  entertain if you once let them guess that  you believe yourself superior in -your way  of living and thinking .*--*���������'" ...    _,  The missionary spirit that";prciprpts a  woman to be fearful every day of her life  that unless she is, astir "looking'*_after  things" some part of the world will gjo^all  wrong is not to be encouraged.. Ifc'brhi'gs  no happiness to tlie woman';Jiers'e'lf and  her family certainly is not ? one' t6_ be,*en-  vied. ' *      . ������ # ',-.. ������'-vJj;  Shift the pretty pictures, about on the  walls of your own apartment until-yen  maku room for a real old fashioned motto,  "Lovo. Thy Neighbor as Thyself," and  when you aro quite sure that you havo  learned this so well that you will never  even for a moment forget it then be cer  tain that you are ready, to be a missionary,  or reformer, or whatever you choose to  call the good work of makingother people  better.���������Margaret Hannis in St. Louis Republic. . *"'\_        MJsm Blank Hum a. Grievance.  "I tell you w!hnt,"' he said in telling the  other girl about*an informal race ho had  on tho beach that morning with the girl,  "Miss Blank is';a regular sprinter. V After  such a compliment it was hard to understand why Miss Blank should treat him  so coldly the next timo ho met her. It was  with difficulty that he could get her to  speak to him at all. At length the reason  for it transpired. Tho other girl, unversed  in sporting  saying that  splinter."  ~   ^"P"^""?"; *""~  boolvS^OT^rpgic as   tho   truest   of trui?r>_i;;  But we have lately bean assured thafrthi:*  is a misfake.    So, at least, I was toM-'by  a very   downright   person  who calfcuVpn  me some years ago wiuh a huge '^parcel/pf.  manuscript, for which lie wantedvme-tSp'  find him a publisher.  He had been cruel"  ^ly snubbed and ill used, but truth__ would  ������iurely prevail over bigotry, as  .in'vGali  ��������� leo's cass. T took his address and lefi*him  'leave hi* manuscript   ��������� Jts recipe -for, _pny,-  "sical   immortality,    diluted    thrOugV-COO  pages, was   simply   to   learn   how-"to go  Avir.hour food!    Usually   such. ' a regimen  wili kil? you by the   fifth..day, birfi, if at  that critical momenf._w.fiilpA.au the point  of death,    you   make' a htVoieJofi'orn'and  Stay aiive, why, thou you wiiriinvo'ovcr  come the King of Tenws oncu'fdr all      J  rpiiurHod   the   gentleman's '-. nuihnserirjr,  with a   poll-;?   nore.   regretting, that his  line of research was so remote1 from thosr  to which I was   accustomed   that, J conic  not give him int.'iligenri aid:  ���������v ���������.-  #Wrf FASHION  PLATE.  I -  s-tft-*  M .ikIi tn:  Telling   girls  Though Plain,"  Ladies'   Home  girl a good  her  r  fur <j������mi )>U;Xiwii.  '���������Haw   to     b:>  Mrs   Humphrey,  Journal,    gaarann  pj*etf\  in Th-.  .*es .'i its  terms, had  reported  him as  '"Miss  Blank    is a  regular.  Miss  Bruildon'M  Pud.  .��������� To her'friends Miss Braddon is known  as Ali-s. Maxwell, the widow of Mr. John  Maxwell, 'the publisher.^'-. She spends her  time between Lichfield House, her charming house at Richmond, and Annesley  Bank, in the New Forest. She is. an enthusiastic collector, of china, and some  very beautiful specimens,.of ceramic art  adorn her rooms. ^".*^  A LAKE PILOT'S  LEG.  How^lt'Sotvea the Mystery of tho Wreci.  ' O ?ty~>nt   tuo SusniiK. .Peck.  " We-aro never amazed when 'vessels go  aground and are wrecked   on   Lake  JSrio  the   gales   that  on  are common on  during  that treacherous water, for wo!_exper<_it.,such  things then, V said a lake 'skipper^ but*  when one is grounded on a clear day and"  wrecked on a course as clear ns the day  and in the hands r of -a' pilot that knows  the ground like a book we naturally  wonder a littlo und want to know the  whys and wherefores. Such was the case  of the propeller Susan K. Peck that went  aground near Bar Point and was lost  with a $25,000 cargo;    -v- -_v  "Tho captain of the Susan E. had sailed successfully hundreds of times between  Point Pelee "and Bar Point and in all  kinds of weather, and this time he had'a  wheelman who was known from one end  of the lake to the other a9 one of the  most expert navigators in the lake business. He had been lying up a long time  . for the veiy good reason that owing to an  accident to ohe of his legs that leg had  to bo amputated 'to save his life. The lost  member was replaced by an 'artificial'leg  and then the pilot was,ready'" to,take his  pose at the wheel again. His first service  ufter his misfortune was this trip of the  Susan Jfl. Peck, and he ran her aground.  - "The puzzle to everybody was how"it  was possible for the propeller, handled by  a man of such skill and experience, on a  sLraight course only JO miles long and  Wifch evavy sailing condition* favorable,  to leave her course. The pilot was the  .most puzzled and astonished person of  all. He soon got another vessel, and this  one he ran in snch_v au erratic manner  that he was compelled to-fgiVe her up and  his usefulness as a pilot Avas gone. He  and others went to investigating to see if  they could discover what was wrong  with his seamanship. After a while they  discovered what tht;y believed was the  trouble. In the pilot's ai*fcilicial leg-a  great deal of steel hail been used in the  'joints and.other.places. Sitting close to  the binnacle, sis j.-he" did while steering,  -this sifcer that'Bt  ^-threw-tKe %yheelmah way off his ..reckoning and led to the wrong piloting tral  had wrecked the Susan E. Peck and endangered thse other vessel that, theAwheel-;  man navigated subsequently. \\This was  whab they argued, and to demonstrate  the correctness of the theory the pilot  took charge of a vessel without wearing  his false leg. '.Everything' worked to a  charm. The mystery of the Susan E.  .Peck was solved and the pilot was  restored to his oldjriace in the confidence  of-'Lake Erie skippers and vessel.owners.''  complexion who will wa*l.  face pvery nieht and /morning," anr  twice a 'clay besklcs, according to- hoi  directions: *"Tho water mustnos be qi.itt  cold in winter, and soap should be use,  but once a day. The lingers are bel.tei  than any sponge or glovp flannel. an<"  should be used as Hie mas.-:ause uses'lieiv,  pressing them firmly but gently into the  skin, and 'passing them two or thret  times over every inch.of tho face. Mon  particular pains should be devoted to tin  corners. wThere dust, is always,liable to  lodge, around the eyes, nose and 'mouth.  If a washcloth,'is used it'should be.of the  softest and finest, and, plenty of warci  should be applied after the scap so as i,c  .wash it all away. The drying process  should be equally thorough and'effectual.  a hurried rub opening tho way to all  sorts of roughness and chappings. 'Noi  one girl in 20 knows how to wash her  face, and that in the reason why'lriassags  flourishes.   It thoroughly cleanse.*."  Among' other highly favored materials,  nuns' veiling will nest season be in great  ���������,'demand, either plain surfaced or dclicato-  Hy figured.  i,l The Honiton, Venetian and Flemish  'lace appliques in white or cream color are  very extensively used by high class modistes on gowns, fancy waists and evening  Wrap's. .'     "   *  .*'' Many of _jthe newly imported English  walking " hats, toques and turbans are  made of thehandsome lustrous silk straws,  light as a feather iu quality, but most ef-,  fective and ..stylish and exceedingly comfortable as well. i  Whito veilings, sunnner silks, fancy  satins for waists and accessories,' mohairs,  taff'etas,���������elc, dotted and striped, are ��������� set  forth among the extensive array of textiles  in quiet effects invariably sought by women of refined tastes.  A new, attractive black material will  appear for early summer wear under the  namo of crcponette. It differs but slightly  from tho now invoices of spring crepons,  yet it, is inoro beautiful in coloring and  more characteristic in design.   '  For "dress" uses very handsome princess dresses of black crepe do chine aro  made' wp.'bver biff eta silk, and docoratcd  from shoulder to .hem with long tapering  sprays of the'finest cut jet applique ornaments in scroll, fern, bowknot, stem and  vino deX'iccs deftly intermingled.  Black and whito combinations aro largely in evidence this season, both in utility  costumes j and hcadwear,.. in neck trimmings and in elaborate evening-toilets, in  which ha'ndsomo silks, matelassc satins,  nets, laces", chiffons and extremely ornate  and beautiful jet garnitures are united."  There seemed a probability that the  princess dress, which has been in vogue  all winter, would lose a degree at least of  its favor this season, but the universal  prevalence of clinging gowns and straight  effects 'is-likely to keep this graceful,  much improved model' in favor for some  time to-come." *> '  Asthma Cured  Aftor-    Twelve .    Year*'      Suffering--To-  .  ronto   PUyeiciaus' Advised   Leaving,'  H������>r     Homo   t������   go   to    Manitoba���������  Clarke'** Ivola   Compound   Cured.  Mrs.- MeTag-gart, SO "Vanauley St., Tor-y  onto, writes : "I have lxieii troubled witik  asthma and bronchitis for twelve years, which  gradually grew worse each year in spite of the  hundreds of dollars my husband has snent wiflr  several doctors.*and almost;, every remedy We  could procure, which only -afforded temporary  ithef. J< or ihe past two years 1 could nor lie on  my left ^ide, and during1 the ikiso year previous  lo taking CJaiko'd Kola. Compound the asilima  became so sive.1 u that I had riot had) a full  night's sleep, and dur'ng most of-thal~trmc we  had-a ductor,ni attendance. - We gave up several doctor*, as 1 was becoming no better, and tha  last doctor, atter about two months' treatment,"  told u.e he could do nothing for, me, and advised xne t������i go to Manitoba or some dry climate.  We heard or Clarke's Kola Compound being a  cure for asilrmn, and uoloro taking this remedy  made several intiuiiioa from those who had  taken it, and in each case iound tho result so  satisfactory that we resolved to try it. After  taking the tirst lwfctlc 1 became much .better,  and began to sleep well nt nights. Since taking tho third bottle 1 have not felt the slightest.  3ymptoms of my former trouble. I have, dur- *  ing i ln������. past six months gained nearly 20 pounds  iu tlesh and feel perfectly healthy in everyway.  I can assure you that I will do all iu my powwr  to induce any sufl'erer from this terrible disease  to try it." - -  -    '  Cenilied correct by  I'eter  McTaggart, Proprietor of Toronto Dairy Co.  1 Itu ryior.i;  '' ���������������-;:*< <N  ,   An ..interesting oxneiimpnt  in* egg storage, was recently brought to a   successful  conclusion   in   the   warehouse of "Messrs.  ph'ristiahson of Bernard strpot,  I.e'ithrin  June   a   batch   of   50:000 Scottish, Iri.-di  and Danish eggs wero settled'up in patent  storage apparatus,   and  were opened arid  examined four months   afterward,-only a  small proportion of the oggs  being found  unfit for use.  Tho secrr-S of tho'inetihotT is  to keep tho eggs co'������l,_ to allow.,free access  of air around each egg���������to keep 'them.'up-/;  ijighfc^ in   position,   ahd._ to   turn   tlvQiti.'  Dcridtlically so that   the \ yolk of th'e^oggi",  is constantly em bedded 'in, tha albumen.'  These   desiderata   are   brought about by-  placing the eggs in frames, which by the  action   of   a   lever   can   be   inclined-' in  different " directions   as .needed; in   this  way .33,000 cggsceaiir bo   turned over in  lialf a minute, wit abut risk  of breakage.  Testimonials   are   at-hand from,reliable  sources showing that'eggs,so treated will  remain perfectly   fresh   and   good   for at  least live "or six months., ...  NEW ADMIRAL.  liniuortHl i ty  Cranks.  Immortality'of fame is something desired by man,'" bufr'afetained by few, says  Dr. Joiin Fiske in The Atlantic. Physical  Immortality is something which has  hitherto been supposed to be inexorably  denied to human beings. The phrase  "All men are   mortal"   figures    in toxt-  Woi-king-  Hours .4lin>uil.  A Turkish working-day lasts from  sunrise to sunset, with certain intervals  for refreshment and.,rest.. In Servia, tho  principle of individual convenience rules  every case. . Eleven.- hours' work js the  average day's labor in Belgium; but  brewers' men work from 10 to 17 hours;  bricklayers, 1(5; cabinetmakers of Brussels and Ghent often work'47 hours a day  with one-half hour fornoan; and in mining districts women aro often kept at  truck loading and similar heavy labor for  14 hours.-The normal work-day throughout Saxony is l'A hours. In Baden the  medium duration of day-labor is from  10 to 12 hours, but in some cases it  often orceo'l.s this, sometimes rising to 17  hours in some trades. In many: Baden  factories Sunday work is the rule..  . Dewey climbed as high as a sailor can.  get on'May.1 last,"and now his rank corresponds with his achievement.���������St. Louis  Globe-Democrat.  It is. all right to bestow honors on Dewey, "but he could whip the.enemy as a captain just as well as he could as admiralr-^,-",  Cincinnati Enquirer. '��������� ' ^._* .'  ��������� Georgo   Dewey   is   just   level    hcadedf  enough to realize that'-during the next "few;  -y'cars.a good admiral will bo full}' as nee-'  :''essary>'as   a ��������� good   president.���������Scranton  $jMun.o. >^;w������  'rs^-Dcwey's elevation adds nothing to the  -' luster and inspiration pf his deeds. But it  does show that  the people are proud of  their :heroes and  ure worthy of them.���������  New York World.  "Admiral Dewey says;lie wiU not enter  pollticsJ4under _, any' consideration. Why  "���������hourd.*.he?,n -What political struggle can  offerlaurels as' fine as those he has already  won?���������Syracusq, Post-Standard.  The promotion was honorably won, was  gloriously won, by/; a naval  battle which  astounded  the  world,- and* by a  victory  which   placed   the American  navy in the  .front rank.���������Nashville-American. . >  " A man that commands the confidence of  the American {^people and the respect of  the'civilized world is a good man to have  at the present timo in tho position to  which Dewey has been promoted.���������Milwaukee Sentinel.' "  A Woman'i Bunk.  The Fifth Avenue National bank of  New York has 5,000 women depoeitous.  ��������� It is'situated at tlie corner of Forty-  fifth street and Fifth avenue, in the  midst of the- residences -of wealthy  classes, and is almost exclusively patronized by rich women, who keep their  household accounts and pin money  there. The receiving tellers are very  busy during, the^ first few days of every  month, when-the patrons of the bank  bring in the allowances , they have re:  ceived from their husbands or fathers.-'  bnt the rest of the time'-they have com-,  paratively few depositors to - take care  of. and have plenty of time to assist the  paying tellers., in cashing .checks that .  have been drawn to meet grocery or  dressmakers' bills. '      <:    j, ���������  ,'iAlrredVA. Taylor, of Margaree, says: v  ���������'One bottle  MINARD'8   "LINIMENT  'cured a swelling of  the.* gamble -joint,  and saved a Horse, worth f 140.  Thos. W. Payne, of   Bathurst, saved '  the life of   a valuable   horse   that tisc-  Vet. had given up, with a few bottles     A  of MINARD'S LINIMENT. *������  THE  HONEY  MAKERS.  ��������������������������� ���������'  ..'.. Old Slavery Time*.  v The Columbia *(S. '&'), Herald recently   republished' this   interesting   item,  which, it originally printed in the slav-  '^ry'^days before; the war: ...  *: '-'Negroes  sell  as high as heretofore,!  bu.t they are .hired:..QUt at lower rat'es>"  For a 12-year-old girl $50 is given", and  an 8-year-old boy goes at $1.  Peter, belonging  to  the Mary  Shock estate, is  hireel put   for  $203: J.  S.   Clarkson's  Mary, 23   years^ old',   sold   for  $1,100;  Alex, belonging   to  the  estate  of  the  Rev. D. Hall, brings $386; J. H. Waugh  buys Willis for $310; negroes.of'W  H.  Irwin   are  sold   on 12 months'credit,  and T. C. Parker buys Eliza and child  for $1;111; Robert  Lemon buys John,  a   10-year-old.   for  $510,   and  Jack, a  9-year-old, for $606; H. R. C. Cowden  pays $1,100 for A. Sublett's Mary."  Everybody Needs a Spring Restorative  You may call it spring fever, say you are lazy or imagine you are only tired; but the truth  is that vitality runs low in the spring and the blood is thin, weak, and impure.  Deprived of proper nourishment from the blood, and poisoned by the impurities which  it carries through the system, every part of the body cries out for assistance. There is  indigestion and dyspepsia, the liver and kidneys become clogged and inactive, pains in the  back; sides and limbs,, headache and neuralgic pains, the nerves become exhausted and  there follows nervousness, irritability, and sleeplessness, female complaints, lassitude, tired  feeling and despondency.  To rid the system of these distressing ills "caused by \v;eak and impure blood there is no  preparation so effective as DR. CHASE'S NERVE FOOD. It is not a patent medicine,  but the prescription of America's greatest physician, DR. A. W. CHASE, which has  proved wonderfully successful as a blood and nerve medicine.  DR. CHASE'S NERVE FOOD contains in pill form all the ingredients required to  purify and enrich the blood. It gently regulates the bowels, invigorates the kid-neys and  liver, tones the stomach and digestive organs, and gives new energy and vigor to every  organ of the bod\\  IDIR,.  CHASE'S   IsTElK;"VEI   POOD  Fifty Cents a Box. at all dealers, or EDMANSON, BATK8 & CO., Toronto.  Hives should bo set close to the ground,  but not directly oh the ground. (  Bees quit breeding early and generally  come through the winter weak.  When an increase of stocks is desired,  allow colonies to become very strong before making divisions.  Queens over two years old are not, as a  general; thing, profitable to keep: iOho  year old queens arc best; -- _,  Empty combs that are not in the hives;,  and protected by the bees are -.in-danger of  being destroyed by moths, worms or mice.  ' To . introduce a queen successfully the:  colony should be made queenless.some  three or. four days prior to presenting the  new;queen to it.   r \ -  Drones may be kept throughout tho sea-'  son  in colonies that do not  have queens,  but broods should be-" given to such colonies from others. l  Two things must go together in biiild-  ing up colonies for winter���������namely, feeding and breeding. One without the other  will not be of much avail.  Bees left to themselves are apt to build  too much drone comb. Though not built  for this purpose by tho bees, if not filled,  the queen will fill it with worker eggs.���������  St. Louis Republic.  Snapped Up.  "That amateur palm  reader told ne  1 would make a good fconsekeeper."  "Well, what-did yon say ?"  -"Litold  him   it was  rather sudden,  but he might speak to papa."���������Detrodk  .Free Press.  Thrne to Lolf*.  Mrs. McGrorrity���������'Tis a fine picther  you have of the ould man, it is.  The Widow O'Brannigan���������Isn't it,  now? It is thot natural yez can alnnat  hear 'im swearin !���������Indianapolis Journal.  TOTALLY  DEAF.���������Mr. S.KCrandell,  Port Perry, writes: "I contracted asowre  cold last winter,   which   resulted   in  my  becoming totally deaf in one ear and partially   so   in   the  other.       After  trying  various remedies, and consulting   several  doctors, without obtaining anv   relief,   I ,  *ae advised to try DR.    THOMAS'   EO-  ���������LECTRIC   OIL.   I warmed the  oil  and  poured a little of it Into my ear, and  before   one-half   the  l>otti6  was   used  my  hearing was completely restored.    I have  heard of  other  eases  of  deafness  being  cured by tho use of this medicine."  >fl  FOREIGN  COUSINS.  Russia and China may have no War,  but Russia may be "itching" for a little  moro territory tributary to the new railroad.���������Pittsburg Dispatch.  The  demonstrations  in   Paris seem to  have been less   tho  result  of  a desire  to<  change the government than of a craving  for excitement.���������Baltimore Herald.  It is now becoming a habit of the German mind to send us tho assurances of  that country's distinguished consideration  every morning before breakfast.���������Baltimore News.  Tho Spaniards in Madrid aro endeavoring to convey the impression that they are  warlike and formidable by a few iuter-  changes of duelistic conversation.���������Washington Star.  A professor of history in Germany is being prosecuted for "moral treason" be-  causo he denounced tho Prussian government for the expulsion of Danes, Hollanders, Austrians and other foreignci's. It is  difficult to learn history in Germany.���������  Exchange.  Keeping the Kettle Clean.  Put a clean oyster shell or a large marble inside your water kettle. These attract all particles of earth and stone with  which the water is impregnated and thus  save the inside of the kettle from becoming coated with them.  On Tlielr Own Ground.  ''These people," remarked the empress dowager, "are always talking  about an open door for China."  "Yes."   answered   Li  Hung Chang,'  "and I guess  they are going to have it  that way."  "Well, let's k(_ep quiet and not make  any fuss.    We'll be lucky if they d6n~tr;  get up a political party in the next few  years with a 'Chinese must go' plank in  its platform: "���������-Washington Star.  ciner!  ot  eed  From those   terrible side  aoh.es,   back   aches,    headaches and tlie thousand and .  ono   other   ills which niako  life full of misery.  Most ol: theso trouoles are  due to impure, imperfectly  filtered blood���������the Kidneys  are not acting right and in  consequence the system is  being poisoned with impurities.  DOAN'S KIMEY PILLS  are   daily proving themselves woman's  greatest friend and benefactor.  Here is an instance:  Mrs. Harry Fleming, St. Mary's, N.B.,  says: "The use of Doan's Kidney Pills  restored me to complete health. The  first symptoms I noticed in ray ease were  severe pains in the small of my back  and around the loins, together with  general weakness and loss of appetite.  I gradually became worse, until,  hearing of Doan?s Kidney Pills, I got a  box from our druggist.  I am pleased to testify to their effectiveness in correcting the .troubles from  which I suffered. FACTS ABOUT COLDS.  THERE    ARE  PLACES    WHERE   THIS  ������'��������� IS  IMPOSSIBLE.  Some Curious Experiences Which  Teml to Prove That"Cntehiiipr Colli"  Is One of die "BIcNKingN" That Oo  Willi Civilization.  Many people may no surprised to hear  that even in this world there arc-places  where it is impossible to catch a cold; sim  ply because there are no colds to catch  Then* are facts, however, which seem to  prove this 'For example, Nansen and his  meiitduring the three years which they  spent in the arctic regions never caught a  cold. Yet they were exposed to cold, fa-  tiguo and wet to a degree which wo at  home can hardly realize.1 Especially one  'remembers how Nansen and his comrade  .lohanscn during their wonderful expedi-  . tion on foot over the polar ice went on,  day after day, clad in clothes which were  so saturated with perspiration that they  froze by day into ono solid mass of ice,  and oven cut into then- flesh; how every  night, when thoy-tucked themselves up in  their sleeping bags tho first hour was  spent in thawing; how they lay-shivering,  their frozen socks spread across their  chests until the clothes gradually became  wet and soft, and eventually comfortable  and warm. It was, indeed, a damp bed to  sleep in. Yet they never caught a cold,  and, mark this, for, it is very important,  with tho exception of Nansen's brief, attack of lumbago, their health did not suffer ia any way from the exposure. The  members of'the .lackson-Harmsworth expedition, who staid for three years in  'Franz .Josef Land, never once suffered  from colds. Yet they also, with only two  exceptions, suffered from severe colds directly they reached civilization:  Very interesting, too, is Sir ��������� Martin  Conway's account of his experiences. For  two months, when exploring Spitzbcrgen,  he and liis four comrades were exposed to  ��������� considerable privations, were almost constantly wet through and frequently had to  fllcep in their wet clothes, yet their health  lifvtT suffered in auy way from this. But  at i ne end of that timo they went down to  Anilreo's.settlcment on the coast, where  f\ sunn- 40 men wero living and whore, more-  ovei. there was almost constant intcr-  .cou:���������-���������*.��������� with tho mainland. Within two  days <ii' their arrival Conway and his companions all developed violent .colds. Still  mon* Hoiking wero his experiences in the  Himalayas.  "   While among- the mountains ho and his  men!   in������rwithstanding.-, great   exposure,  never caught a cold.    They oven visited  native   villages  without  doing  so.    But  oni'c (hey catuo  down  to  a village where  ihuiy was  a  small   European  settlement  having communication with  tho outside  world���������one whito roan had come up three  days .previously     Thcro Conway and his  .' 'menall, without exception took bad colds,  K which  developed,  ho  thinks, in  about'? a  n couple of days.    Tho present writer has  heard, too, but has been   unable- to verify  tho fact that the  men  at  tho observatory  on tho top of  Ben   Nevis, often  living in  tho midst of cloud and .rain- and  snow.  ' never"suffer" from  colds, but that whenever   they descend to  inhabited  regions  they invariably catch severe ones.  Then thcro is the ekissical 'instance of  the tit. Kilda cold.    On that rocky, lonely  island, lying somo  40  miles   beyond  the  western   Hebrides,   there aro  nigh   upon  100 inhabitants, who keep a few sheep and  cows, cultivate somo  40  acres and collect  tho eggs, feathers and young of thenumor-.  ous sea fowl.  Their coast is so precipitous  and their seas are so stormy that for S  months out of  tho 13  they are practically  inaccessible     Formerly they were  visited  only onoe a year by a ship from tho mainland     Now several call  there  during the  summer,    including   excursion   steamers  from Liverpool and Glusgow.  Tho curious  point is that whenever a  ship reaches the  island all  tho  inhabitants, including the  .very infants at tho breast, aro seized with  a cold     This  fact  has  been   known for  nearly .200 years, and  greatly  interested  Dr Johnson when  ho and   Boswcll were  making their famous tour of the Hebrides  The problem of this St. Kilda cold long  ..puzzled learned  men, who seem  never to  havo suspected the  simple  explanation of  the mystery.   One solution suggested was  that the steward always, brought whisky  with him, and that  it was  the intemperance and jollity which took  place on the  occasion which caused the epidemic.    Another explanation was that a ship could  only reach tho  island from ' the mainland  when  the wind was  from  the ^northeast  "The wind, not  the strangers, caused the  cold."    This cold   is still characteristic of  the island, and is called by the inhabitants  the "strangers'cold."    On   the arrival of  the first .steamer every summer all the island folk   fall'victims; afterward many of  them escape. <Tho attack lasts eight or ton  days; and  is often  accompanied by bronchial catarrh.  Tho inhabitants affirm that  if tho ship comes from Liverpool or Glasgow tho cold  they catch . is  more severe  than if it comes from the. Hebrides.  All these instancos���������-and thcro aro many  such���������go to show that a cold is an infeo  tioiisdisease, prevalent widely, no. doubt,  but only where  man, perhaps only where  civilized   man,  exists; also that  in some  favored spots, as in St. Kilda, tho disease,  when it has  been   introduced, rapidly be  comes extinct     This  is   known to be the  case on sailing vessels during a long voyage, and it is one of the reasons why such  a voyage is often beneficial to patients suffering from consumption, who arc so sadly liable, after any catarrhal attack, to lose,  the ground they have been slowly gaining  It would seem, too, that  the  infection is  generally carried   by human   agency, and  it is noteworthy that some, at least, of every ship's crew or passengers must take it  with   them when  they go  abroad, for apparently  every  ship  which    reaches   St  Kilda brings the cold.  Probably those who  carry it are often quite  unconscious that  they have anything wrong with them, the  disease  being,   as    it  wero.   latent.���������Exchange  A PECULIAR  PILGRIMAGE.  Adepts.  Henly���������Do you think American girls  know how to cook?  Hunks���������Well, I have found that they  e������n ro;i������t all risrht. ���������-New York World,  Cuthberts  Have a Divine Call  to Go  to the Holy Land.  Mrs. Ida Cuthbert of San Francisco  is waiting in New York for the Lord to  provide transportation for herself, her  husband and her little daughter to  Jerusalem. .There has already been  some delay, in the matter,-.but she is not  discouraged.,, ,       '  About four years ago, before her marriage, Mrs. Cuthbert "received a call"  from the Lord to go to the Holy Land.  Soon after this she married Mr. Frank  Cuthbert, and he was also, favored with  a Divine summons. About a year ago  the Cuthberts, being sure that,the message was inspired,  started  on  the pil-  MRS. IDA CUTHBERT.  grrimage without money. They were  helped along until they reached New  York, but there they havo been stranded for some months.  Cuthbert found a friend in the Rev.  Mr. Campbell, a Methodist minister  whose church he attended in San Francisco. He told the minister that he had  a call to borrow $10. He got it and has  had several similar calls with like results.  Noc long: ago, .while Henry Fuller, a  wealthy orange grower of Radlands,  Cal... was visiting Mr. Campbell, Cuthbert had a call to borrow $200 from  Mr. Fuller with which to return to California. Mr. Fuller hadn't had such a  call, however, and didn't advance the  money. He replied instead that the Bible said that man should earn his.bread  by the sweat of his brow.. '.  Then the affairs of the Cuthberts  went from bad. to worse until the Rev.  Mr. Campbell telegraphed Mr. Cuth-U  bert's brother in California, who immediately sent $130 to bring the couple  home, where Dr. Cuthbert.. the missionary's father, is quite willing to provide  for him and his wife. -.  '  Then the. unexpected happened, and  Mr. and Mrs. Cuthbert refused absolutely to touch the money so .provided,  because, they said, it had not been  "sent By the Lord." They are still in  New York.  A ROMANTIC LORD.  Earl  of   llcanchamp.  New  Governor  of New Sontli Walci.  The Earl of Beauchamp, who has  been appointed governor and commander in chief of New South Wales, is one  of the'' most original personalities  among the whole list of young British  peers. Although only 27, he has gained  a place in English politics and has  stirred London society to its depths by  his eccentricities.  At 22, with an income of S1D0.00O a  year, he deserted his mansion in May-  fair -and took up his abode with the  poor in the Whitechapel slums. He felt  it to be his duty. Night after night he  held mission services in the open air  and preached God and humanity. Criticism of his course did not swerve him.  Neither did it influence,,his action at  Oxford, where, as her best debater, he  was a .Radical.of radicals.  And later as a firm Unionist he defied his party leader, took a strong independent stand and sat with the Progressive party, in the London school  board.   In 1895 he was elected mayor of  New South Wales that he might forget  a certain beautiful young woman who  once acted as his mother's maid and to  whom he became engaged two years  ago. The young woman is now finishing her education on the continent,  where she was sent by the romantic  lord. Those who know him best say  that he will love her in the antipodes  just as much as he did in London.  In proportion to its size Switzerland  has more inns than any other country  in the world. No less'than 1.700 hostel-  ries.. for the most part on mountain  tops or near glaciers, are on the list, and  the receipts of the hotel keepers amount  to about $25,000,000 a year.  CARDINAL VAUGHAN.  ���������Tli������������ Newest Caiitliiliito   for   tho   l'lipiiry  Sketch    of   the    Knjliiihman    Who  May Sneered   Le<������ XIII.  'Herbert, Cardinal Vaughan, who Ts  said to bo tho newest candidate for the  Papacy, is tho foremost English-speaking  ecclesiastic in the body of the Roman  Catholic Church since the death of r,ho  famed Cardinals Newman, "Wiseman and  Manning. Vaughan is a priest of the  title of Saints Andrew and Grogory on  the Coelian Hill; ho has been the archbishop of Westminster (unreformed) since  1893. He is (57 years old, and is the son  of the late John P. Vaughan of Court-  field, near'Ross. The Cardinal was educated in"the Jesuit school at Stonyhursft  and at Rome, where   ho   won his degree  CARDINAL VAUGHAN".  of doctor "of divinity. His early work in  the church was connected -with foreign  and home missions, *������.ul his wealth and  prominence enabled him to be the founder  of several colleges. Prior to his appointment as the Archbishop of Westminster  he was the Bishop of ��������� Salford, and he  went to' London in 1892. He has written  a number of able tracts and pamphlets  upon religious questions and upon social  matters. The Cardinal is especially interested in social movements, and is scientifically inclined. Ho has: among .his  friends some of the most eminent of the  Protestant nobility, and is one of the most  popular churchman in England; Protestant or Catholic.  THE EARL OF ROSSLYN.  Thu Play-Actor One   of   the  >Iost Kccen-  tric of lit itlsli Xoblenaan.  The   Earl   of Rosslyn,   whom Charles  Frohman   has   engaged   to  play .the star  ���������������������������art in "His Excellency, tho   Governor."  s one of the most eccentric   noblemen in  ill the peerage.    This   is only one of the  nany .phases of eccentricity   which   have  obaracterized this-strange  person, who is  ;he surprise and amazement   of England.  Tho   Earl's   official   titles   are: Earl   of  Rosslyn,    County     Mid-Lothian;    Baron  Loughborough of-Loughborough,   in   the  County   of    Surrey;   Baronet   of   Nova  THE FILIPINO CANOE.  CLUMSY,   PRIMITIVE   PADDLE   BOATS  WHICH SWARM  ON THE  PASIG.  How the Native Pngont of the Philippine Islands Was Copied Front'  the Samoan Craft���������The Pattern. Was  Mntle Agres Ago.  Be>ng essentially a water loving folk  Che Philippine Islanders ave expert canoeists. Like their other river craft,  their canoes are decidedly picturesque  affairs. In the Pasig river thousands of  tliefec: 'uugouts can be seen, and the fact  that the Filipinos use so commonly,  such a primitive boat shows how little  they have progressed. .Why, only the  most stupid of the American Indian  tritxiT used the dugout. The red man  substituted for the log canoe the birch  bark, which remains today tlie peer of  river craft. Nothing that we have been  able to produce with all our art and  improved tools can equal for lightness,  durability and beauty the cedar lined  birch bark canoe which the Indians  have,used for hundreds of years.  But the Filipino waterman still hews  down a tree, hollows out the trunk  with infinite labor and makes a heavy  paddle boat that ��������� is both clumsy and  awkward. True, the natives know how  to manage these canoes with-wonderful  skill, but they acquire their deftness  with the paddle only by long years of  practice.  The Filipinos, like all other Pacific  ^islanders, probably took their first lessons in canoe building froni the wandering Samoans, who, ethnologists tell  us, were the original island race of the  Pacific. All the south sea legends agree  with this theory. , Another fact which  seems to prove that the Samoans were  the first naval, constructors is that all  through the Pacific ryou will find craft  which seem to be merely variations of  the primeval type.  Tlie Filipino canoes are perhaps the  most crude of any now iii use. .They  are made with blunt ends, the log being  merely scooped out and smoothed oft  EARL OF r.EADCUAMr'.  Worcester and two years later, as a  nember for Finsbury, took his seat on  the London school board. His father  had been lord steward of the royal  household, paymaster general of the  army and lord of the admiralty.  Now it fs hinted  that Queen Victoria  has given him the post of governor of  EARL ROSSLYX, "PLAY-ACTOR."  Scotia, and captain of the First Fifeshire  Volunteer Corps. Ho is only 30 years old,  and he succeeded his father in the earldom, as the fifth carl, in 1890. He was  married in 1890 to Violet Anne, th*  daughter of Robert Charles do Grer  ���������Vyner of Grantby Hall. The noble actor s  frill name is James Francis Harry S"..  Clair Erskine, and the estates of the family in Northampton have been the heritage of tho Rosslyns for centuries. Last  year the young earl, thought that he  would like to play upon the stage, and  A. W. Pinero wrote a drama expressly  for him. It is an odd fact that tne earl  excels in female impersonations. He was  moved to. adopt the stage as a profession  owing to the fact that liis estates are  heavily in debt, and ho hopes that his now  vocation will relieve him of his embarrassments.  fc'ot an Knsy us it Looks.  "A paper bag trust has just been organized.  "Say it onght to De easy to knock  The bottom out of that. '���������Cleveland  l.'luiu Dealer.  NATIVE CANOES IN THE rASTG.  on the outside. There is no provision  for sailing them. Evidently the natives  are not daring enough for that. They  are sometimes propelled with paddles,  but more often by poles, for they are  used mostly in shallow waters.  The Samoans brought the canoe to  the highest development. No craft of  its size ever made snch long voyages as  has their sailing canoe. The vikings  were mere longshoremen when comjpar-  ed to the ancient Samoans, who traversed the immense stretches of the  Pacific on. their rovings.  The essentials ' of the Samoan paddling canoe;are a hull hollowed out of  the trunk of a tree in a single piece and  an outrigger on the port side,-.which is  attached to the hull by a double set of  braces, vertical* and horizontal. They  are commonly, from IS to 20 feet long  and seldom vary'in the other dimensions with any attempt to preserve a  ratio to the length. The beam is approximately 18 inches���������that is to say,  just wide enough for the hips of-'the  paddler, who. sits on the outHg-g-c:  braces where they cross the hull".  The   builder,  a  select  and   much  respected factor in Samoan social condition?,   selects   from   his   store  of'dried  logs  a  trunk  that  measures, the  right  number of fathoms for the canoe he is  about to construct.    In the present days,  when  he can  buy civilized  utensils  of  carpentry,   his  tools  are  seldom  other  than a gouge and a plane iron mounted  as an adz.   Similarly in his own workshop, before the white man introduced  metals, he used but the stone adz and  the shell gouge, using now, as then, the  eoralstems for finishing off rough cuts.  Each canoe is  as like- each  other as  though the same builder had constructed them on exactly the same lines.   The  bow  is  sharp  and   horned.    The keel,  while approximately fiat, is yet slightly  on  the  rocker  type.    For  some space  abaft the bows the hull is'left in a solid  block,  which  bears  the  ornamentation  of several small  cubes  carved  in  line  along   the   central   line   of   the   eanoe.  These ornaments are frequently decorated with sun bleached cowrie shells.  The builder of the canoe undertakes  to turn out a hull that'will float in still  water, and it is only by repeated experiments of its flotation that he is able to  complete his work to his own satisfaction. But no hulls are designed to preserve their equilibrium when carrying  weight. That, balance is obtained -by  means of the outrigger. This consists  in tlie Samoan type of three essential  features. The first is the outrigger  beam, the second the horizontal braces,  the third the system by which the beam  is attached to the, braces.  But the Samoans have about aban*  doned the dugout. None ��������� has been  made in the island for more than a  dozen- years, and the primitive craft  which' has been used for ages now  promises to become obsolete very soon.  Probably the Filipinos will soon be  taught new tricks at shipbuilding too.  So the day of the dugout seems to be at  an end. ���������  MARK .\ORIHS  His* One Order.  Two commercial travelers were comparing notes  "l have been out three weeks," said the  first, "and I havo only got four orders."  '���������That beats me," said the other "I  have been out four weeks and have only  got one order, aud that's from the firm to  come home."  .    Africa.  Africa is the most elevated of all the  continents It is the "continent of pkv  teaus " The great tableland in tho south  has a mean altitude of over 8,500 feet. ���������  The wide tableland on tho north has an  average elevation of about 1,800- feet.  Tlie Monitor ;������h   :������  Fighter.  Monitors, in a large degree! aro vesse'a  in which' engineers   may   take special interest, and T. am a great believer in their <  efficacy   when   properly   used.     In    the ���������  Spanish-American   Avar   their   record  is  considered to have been   a  poor one. but  this,-in my judgment.*was  because tb_cy  'were" diverted to uses for which they wero  never intended.    Tliey   aro purposely designed for operating near   the  coast, and  have neither the speed'hor tho coal supply  to enable them to make long  cruises.    A  gallant captain of the United States navy  stated.that, if given the command of tho ,  Monterey, ho would be ready to fight any ,  battleship afloat.  I certainly do not advocate the building of monitors "to   the exclusion of   vessels   intended for the high  seas, but as coast-defenders I believe they  have no superiors.���������Engineer-in-Chief G.  W. Melville! in ' The   Engineering Magazine. -'  A GIANT BODYGUARD.  Bnvnrin Konsts of the Tallest Soldier,  In All ISurope.  The tallest soldier in Europe is in the  Bavarian army.   Tlis .name  is Balling/  and   he  was  the  driver  of  a brewery;  wagon   before   he   began   his   military',  service.    He is one of the royal bodyguard.    He stands 6 feet 10*4 inches- in  his bare feet, and his boots and helmet *  make him a veritable giant.  Balling never considered his own ���������  height until the kaiser began boasting''  of his own body giant, Wilhelm Ehmke,  right '���������fugleman" of the First guards  in Potsdam, whom he took with him* to:  Palestine to astonish- - the Turks and  Arabs. - ���������   .'  "There is only one 2.08 meter man in  Germany," the kaiser is quoted as say-'  ing.   "and    1    have  him  in   my  bodyguard."    .   \  This   remark  caused   Balling  to   examine his own record,^ and he discover-  BAVARIA'S    GIANT  SOLDIER  AKD   A  SHOKT  ? COMRADE.  ed that he was one centimeter taller  than the kaiser's gianL He reported  this to his colonel, who in turn told the  prince regent, and the latter ordered  Balling- to be photographed at the regiment's cost. The picture, he further  commanded, should be presented to the  emperor with the compliments of the  Bavarian army.,  If this order had been carried out  verbatim, it would have been bad  enough, but the duty of sending the  photograph devolved upon Prince Lud-  wig, who made the historical protest  against Imperial aggrandizement in  Moscow, and that pugnacious individual sought a way to add insult to injury. He caused the army registers to  be searched for the smallest, squattiest  and ugliest imp wearing the king's colors and placed his picture at the great'  Balling's side to emphasize the tall fellow's iemjrth.  A Matrimonial Musing?.  The average young man thinks he is  in a position to marry if he has $250  in the bank and a steady job. Hope is a  great factor in a love affair. After the  man is 40 he wonders how he ever did  it, and when he eats pie at night and  has the nightmare he always imagines  that he is marrying again on $359. ������������������  Atchison Globe.  '^si s-wwrn-unsyt -j. ca������  TiTS  THE CUMBERLAND NEWS.  ISSUED EVERY SATURDAY.���������  M.   E.   Bissett  Editor.  Snlscribers failing to receive The  -News regularly will confer a favor by notifying ihe Office.  < The columns of Xhf News? are open to all  "who wish to express therein views on matters of public  interest,  '. ' While we douot held ourselves responsible for the utterances of corresDondenust'.we  reserve the right of declining to insert  pommunicatiens unnecessarily personally,  ��������� '$������-!$?* When writing commuaicatior-s to  .this paper, WRITE OX ONE SIDE ONLY of  paper used.    Pr'.nteis do NOT turn copy.  S3' Advertisers -who want their ad  ���������changed, should get copy ia toy  ���������12 a.m. day before issue.  IbXMMBMllCJ  PllIDAY,    JUNE     tfOth,     1899.  Wc are glad to be   able   to   join  The  Islander    in   supporting   the  half holiday   movement.    All   the  business houses, we believe, in   Nanaimo,   Wellington,     and     other  ��������� towns give their employees a.  holi-  ���������3ay in the middle of the week dur-  ' ing the hot season.    Almost every-  '   one knows how veiy  fatiguing it is  ���������to stand or walk all day  in   warm  weather.   If all 'the   stores   .closed  ���������on -a. .certain day no one would lose.  .  ���������' '"i:  :.  ���������, ' .        <���������'        ��������� . ��������� '  fox -customers would then make and  .e.ffort to transact business at some  other time.    .  iiirds ������ach to each.axe^calling?  I love to dream in the twilight hour  Of days that are past and gone,  Of hopes and fears which I cherished then,  When life had been scarce begun.  But .dearer  still,   is   the   thought  that those  Who have shared my childish  play  Do sometimes breathe on the passing wind,  A thought for me far away.  A. J. McDougall.  POINTED PARAGRAPHS.  (Corresponds no e.)  Editob News':  In the last issue of The Islander.  ���������appeared a letter signed'Scotia, telling us all about the   good   things  that the  present   government   has  ddone for -us���������the   "miners.   ^ Even,  that if we cqnie broke  to 'Cumberland and somebody is good enough  to .trust us we .need .give no security.  -hi 4nbie.Big Store   wanted;'   but   we  ;are;enabled after lifting our time to  ' -walk in ,a lit, of absent-mindedness  ahead of the   train,   regardless   ol  what will become of the next comer'.  No honest man will object   to   pay  his bills and as, a stranger   to   give  what security he   can.    'Scotia'   it  much mistaken if he thinks that  1  am not in favor of  improving   the  ���������Workingrjoen's lot, but I   object   to  the peculiar   mode   adopted   in   a  side show in this town.     Take   for  instance, the remarks   of   The   Islander regarding Union and the Ex  tension   mine.     Would   he   think  that a good way of bringing   about  cordial relations between managers  and men?    I have seen good   kind  men made hard rs   stone   by   that.  As regards   Kootenay,   'Scotia'   is  ��������� much mistaken.    When he talks of  .profits he does not   know   that   80  percent   of   the   so-called   mines  'i-he're are nothing but prospects and  a dead loss to the owners.     I   consider it disgraceful to make my living by the enterprise,   of   anybody  and then to turn around und abiisf,  owners as well as managers;   ��������� Now  'Scotia' I am a miner,   a   bona fide  miner, and I   have   betm   t  Good things go as easily  as   b.ad  things come.  .    Gossip is a cartridge  fired   from  the gun of idle curiosity.  Kind words never die���������except  when killed by ingratitude.  A waxning paragraph often saves  a chapter of explanation.  The wise man knows enough to  conceal what he doesn't know.  Human nature in broadcloth is  no better than human nature in  rags.  Women are employed by several-  western railroads to tend switches.  A woman rnas to be a lightning;  thinker if she thinks before she  speaks.  A man with an elastic imagination is apt to mistake it for his  conscience.  ���������The almighty dollar resembles  -ome men; it talks without saying  anything.  A man who lives   on   hope   will  spend his  old   age   at   somebddy's,  else expense.  Women weep audibly when they  are angry; silent tears, mark ' the  deepest grief.  The man who knowe but one  thing feels capable of giving advice  on all subjects. *  The   wise   man    turns   up his  sleeves and goes to work  while the  fool sits around and waits  for the  work to come to him.  For the field and grassy nook,  Meadow green and rippling  brook;  Drive such wicked thoughts Afar.  Teach the children that they  are  But machines to cram it in.  Bang it in, slam it in���������  That their heads are -ho'low.  Scold it in, mold it in.  All that they can swallow;  Fold it in, hold it in,  Still there's more to follow,  Faces pinched, sad and pale,  Tell the same undying tale,  Tell of moments robbed from  sleep,  Meals un tasted, studios deep,  Those who've passed the furnace,  through,'  With aching brow will toll to you.  How the teacher crammed it in,  Rammed it in, jammed ifc in,  Crunched it in, punched it in,  Rubbed it in, clubbed it in,  Pressed it in, oarested it in,  Rapped it in, and slapped it in,  when their heads were hollow.  ���������N. ,Y. Freeman's Journal.  >pw"Qg  le  e-  -../':  Try a bottle of Hood's Sarsapari%  I have a full stock of all the  Popular Medicines.- .  r mest  Supplies.  quality     oi  iRY  m   ���������  ggssjgsseggesgssgssgg^ggjegfe?  I  LOCAL   BRIEFS,  ^^gsg^^^c^^^^gss^s^gggg  hro.'ugh  the mill of the poor men's organizations and have changed my  opinion some.  Miner  ���������  FRIENDLY.  THOUGHTS.  A sigh I waft on the passing breeze  " To my friends who dis;ant are,  And oft in the silly midnight hour,  I think of them that's afar.  I oft-times muse, Do they- think  of  Anronos of thi3 craze   for   .cram-  x a.  ming so prevalent among our '.common school educators,* the   following 'Public School Idvl,' from Puck  is worthy of perusal:  Ram it in, cram it in,  Children's heads are hollow,  Slam it in, jam it in,  Still there's more to follow���������  Hygiene and history,  Astronomic mystery,  Algebra, histology,  Laun, etymology.  Boto'ny, geometry,  Greek, and trigonometry���������  Children's heads are holiow.  Rap it in, tap it in  What are teachers paid for?  Bang it in, slam it in,  What aie child:en made for?  Ancient .archaeology,  Aryan philology,  -Prosody, zoology,  Physics, clinictology,  Ca'cuius and mathematics,  R1!e I ori c a n d hyd rostatics,  Hoax ifc in, coax ifc in,  Children's heads are hollow.  Enb it in, club it in,  The attendance at the Methodist  Church .on Tuesday evening was  large.  Mr.0 Pete McNevin of Nanaimo is  visiting the city. He came on his  'bike.'  Mr. Bob Strang came up from  Nanaimo on Wednesday to . visit  his relations.  H. M. S. Amphion is supposed  to leave July ,8th for Esquimalt.  'The Virago will accompany her.  If the wet weather continues, the  Comox farmers who   have   started  haymaking, are in danger of losing  some hay.  Tne sudden turning of a buggy  on Snnday at the Courtenay corner, brought the vehicle to grief.  Fortunately no one was hurt.  The invitation extended to -the  Comox people .to attend. Divine  Service on board II. M. S, Amphion on Sunday, was responded to  by many.  The new municipal hall is  about  completed.    It will be a very  con-;  venient place   .for   pur   Council's  meeting.    In fact   we - believe, the  council chambers should have been  placed there long ago.  c-  On the occasion of the festival of  St. John the Baptist the Catholic  Church at Comox under that  sfiint.'ii patronage was profusely  decorated by the ladies of the. congregation. The attendance of the  local Catholics and of those from  11". M. Snips'to ok up all the .space  in the edifice.  There was a party at the resL  dence of Mr. Alex. Grant, on  Thursday evening: There were a  large number oi friends and acquaintances. A most enjoyable  evening was spent in all kinds of  games, everybody enjoy ing.-them-  selves to their hearts' content.  half  pricef     Entertainment  com-  *mences at 8.o'clock.  The Comox Derby was run on  the Courtenay Road on Saturday.  A great crowd of people from,, Comox-and Cumberland were in attendance. The betting was in favour of tbe Irish girl and those  waccring on her were not disap-  pointed. The veterin General was  not in it. The jockeying was admirable and Tod Sloane would  have been delighted to have seen it.  The City of Nanaimo made her  first flip since getting in the new  boilers,, Thursday.', Her log aegis-  tered about one and aS half knots,  more than before laying off. - The  staterooms have been thoroughly  renovated and everything is spick  and spam The travelling public  will gladly welcome the return to  this route of the City and her popular officers, from the courteous  captain to the genial and accommodating steward, John Todd-  WANTED.���������Apprentice .to learn trade,  and girl to work at Tailoring,. Apply at  P. Dunne's.  'ur  One    "STEWART  BANil  and one  "COLUMBIA  GT>1  /.->!  TAR;"   both  new/      Anycj  wanting a   Banjo   or   Gui_;  would get a bargain in p-j?  chasing one of these fine' )  struments.  ������ (''  Chas. Segrave,.Local (1  Agent, Cumberland  C, H. TARBELL.  DEALER    IN  Stoves and Tinwarl  CUMBERLAND, B, C.   ;ty  ���������im ��������������������������� iiiiiiwiiiiniiiiw m mt i������im ���������������������������niwiiiwiiiM mmnmmMB**v i\  GORDON    MURDOCK'S . /  ^BB������wm'      LIVER  i!  Tie lei 'England.-Hotel* -v  '���������'���������'*'���������    M. L. YOUNG', Prop.  ���������Victoria,^'. TaiGBiiier Island  Single, and Double Rigs to vm  ���������at��������� ' j|  Seasonable Prices'!  Near   Blacksmith Shop, 3rd-ft'  CU'tfBEIlLAND,    B.  0.. Y  nhiiiii ninwiiumi   iiiiii��������� in "i^������������������_!���������������������������_���������jm������������������p^���������_jm*���������^���������/ ,'J]  spimalt & lanaimo Ry  TIME TABLE   EFFECTIVE"!  NOV. 19th, 1898.  ������ I  " 11:23  Ar. 11:50  *nwt.W!vxiit,v>rxzMtr  3)  m  i".g shades are  When ihe even'  falling  Or when on a lovely summer morn  All there is of learning;  Punch it iu, crunch it in,  Quench their childish yearning  By kind permission  of  Captain  Frank Finnis,  a  MINSTREL ENTERTAINMENT  will be given in aid of the Hospital  on Monday, July 3rd, at the K. of  P. Hall, Comox, by the troupe of  H. M. 3. "Amphion."  Reserved seats 50 cents.     General  admission  2.5  cents.    Children  &    , '.       ���������.    I  jfcj We 'wish".'to   notify-    |{  |j . the  people   of  Comox    [J" ".��������� 1f0e'-'  H    District   that we   have    }������'  $   just received a   carload    ft  (I    of choice vehicles which  are open for   inspection  incur   show   rooms   at  Courtenay,      consisting  of    Express     Wagons  and   Carriages,    which  we   guarantee    to     be  i$    First Class in style and  &' ' finish, which will be disposed of at   reasonable  prices. We are also  ro) prepared to do all kinds  gj of repairing' and guar-  M - an tee satisfaction in all  fa branches. We don't  iy say very much, but we  |j are in a position to saw  I    wood just the same.  We tha-nk you for your patronage of fch* past a,nd solicit a  share  of ths same iu the future.  We Eernain,  Bespectfully TToi-iar-s. ������  G. S. liEIGrHTGN,     W  Oonvteuay, B.  G. $jj  VICTOBIA TO WELLINGTON^]  No.2n?ily. No. 4Saturd^  .-.    -A-M-. ' "������������������ ' '     P.M. )  De. &:00  Victoria Do. <  ": "9:2S Qoldscream "   4'  "   10:14........ .Sliawnigan Lake .... " //'  "   10:18.......  ....Duncans \i\  p-m. p;m.   '',_,  ���������"������������������ 12:21...-.........Nnnairao 7' '  Ar. 12:50.,   : Wellington  A.r. 7,  .-���������WELLINGTON; ;-TO  VICTOBIA.  No. 1 Daily. No. 3 Saturdi  De. 3:05. .Wellmston  De.l\j\  S:2:i. N'auainio  " Av'ta  ��������� Duncans ...  ���������"   fi-!'-l  ..Sh>iv>nif.aii Jjako........ " ��������� 61 {i  ��������� ...Goldstream  *��������� -7;* \  ....Victoria..: ,Ar.S:00 p., ',  llcdriccd'. lutes to and from all points   t\  (���������>)  !  Pa-lui'daya tind-Suudaya good to return 'jMc'  f,>)  1  day. .-��������� _ 1  information    app.y  Gico. L. COURTNE^./jfl  Tra/lic Manaiff? YA  i      For rates  and   all   information    appry  j  Company's Offices. jfl  A. DUiVSlVlUm,  Picks;. jD.ent.  W PO! YOU HAVE A WATd;  Ii wM '  fea   fksn   THAT DOES NOT GI'!  M  SATISFACTION JJRING IT TO 1  /Oi  S'toddap||  Opposite Waverley HcJ i?  ���������ii  in  ��������� 7    ti!  Ii  I am ageirfc  for the  following  relid U  companies:  Tbe Royal Insurance Company,  The London and Lancashire.  ���������James Aeram^ '1   fii  number  { j  FOR    SALE���������A  young pigs, difierent  sizes,  shires.   ��������� "   '       Wm. Lewis,  ' Courtepay  m  /.41  li**  i  / I,'

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