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The Cumberland News Jun 10, 1899

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Array ���������  SEVENTH YEAR.  CUMBERLAND,  B. C. ^SATURDAY, JUNE  ioth rSoo  gfe&aaf^y������������ggg������������g@ggg@gg������^ge^agggg@������sgssggsgg������^e  K*  f'i  Off the Wires  -0-  '-���������?.-   In order to   reduce   our  Gent's Furnishings' quickly,  stock' of  >  ���������ate  c *  1 , C  , Gent's $i.oo.Colored Shirts  at 50 cts.t   0���������:���������  :    A Splendid Line of 50 cent bow <.}  tres'3t 30 cents..  Another Lot at 10 Cents.  -   If Cut Prices will clear these out,  we are ������oing to do it.  first Goii^e Gets first Choice  HEINTZMAN. PIANOS  Sncludin one of   their Magnificent  ��������� a.  *  1  ira  ^Sf  ARE     ON      EXHIBITION      AND  M.W.W  60 QoVeprtirfeijfc St., Victoria.  fi^F*  Don't fail to get our Terms and  Prices before selecting  a piano."  S' j      ^-"-^      ' -      ^������������������^-"' ' ^-^&S v*5' >^S^' '*���������_*_' .>^S  ")  FOR  If  J  FROM-OTTAWA .��������� r  Otttawa, June 8.���������In ��������� House today, MulJorick,. Postrnaster-Gener-  al, got gome hard knocks from Taylor and Wallace for-not having no  tilled the public that parcels and  popers for Dawson could.hot be taken in the mails.  SEVERAL MEET DEATH.     0  Seattle, Wash., June 8.-���������List   of  prospectors who   perished   in, the  Yukon over the   Edmonton trail is  growing, and if report's just brought  down are true, it is believed it will  be very' large when the full siory is  told.    Fifty are reported   drowned  in 'Great Slave Lake, twenty perished in' rapids of Mud River,, ten   fro-���������  zen to death and   twenty jfive  died  of scurvey.    Bodies of a score who  died of exposure were found.   - Relief has   been .sent. ��������� Rechtor,   of  New York, who committed suicide,  is said to have stuck a sign upon a  tree which   read, "Hell' can't   be  worse than this trail.    I'll chance  if  '������  -11).     /V*������ij' li ll,  ' '���������'''   ",;" TIME''EXTENDED.-- '���������  Victoria, June 8.���������Gazette to-day  announces thrt" the ;J.me, during  which'claims in Atliiridistrict ��������� are  ., \    --'       \      '  ��������� "  "   'I'd  - laifL over, iav- further   G'j.iended', to .  V^-ugust-'i^'-^5-^^"5-"'----,-' -������������������"���������   ' ' ���������*"-���������  BOUND FOR   HONOLULU^  Nanaimo, June 8.���������PL M. S.  E-  geria sailed this morning for Honolulu.'    It's supposed she   has   gone  in connection with the Pacific cable.  DREYFUS TO GO TO PARIS.'  Cayenne, French Guinea, June 8.  The dispatch boat, Gosland, will  leave this afternoon for Devil's Island, in order to take Dreyfus on  board the cruiser Sfax, which will  sail with him on board for . Paris.  The Captain is in excellent health  ��������� and spirits over his release from  the island, and hopes to be acquitted at the forthcoming court mar-  tiaL'������������������'.. . , ��������� '"  NEW TELEGRAPH LINE.  Alberni, June 8.���������The new telegraph line to Cape Beale will be  completed July 19th. The work is  being pushed forward with ex optional energy. This line will he of  great value to ship-wrecked mariners for reporting Oriental liners.  CHARGED WITH STEALING..  Nanaimo, June 8.���������John Vipond  charged with stealing from the  store of W. H. Morton, was tried  this morning and sent up to the  next oour of competent jurisdiction  for trial.  SOCIETY MOVEMENT.  Victoria, June ��������� 8.���������A movement  is on foot among the secret societies  of the city looking to the establishment of a society day here, similar  to those which are observed in  many parts of Great Britain and  ���������U. .S. Permanent federations of  societies in Great Bdtain which  deal with matters of common interest to the organizations interested.  PRIZE FIGHT.  New York, June 8.���������Great inter-  est .i-s being taken in the Fitesirh-  mons -Jeffries fight which takes  place to-morrow night. Both men  are confident and in excellent  shape. Over $45,000 worth of  seats have been sold. Some bringing as high as $350 each. Thee  will be no interference on the part  of the police.  Coney Island 9, Jeffries won  the  fight in the 11th found. ���������  FROM OTTAWA.  Ottawa, June   8.���������Mr.   Mclnnos  enquired as to Government's  reasons for disallowing the Anti-Japanese Legislation of B.   C.     He   was  promptly and severe!)* snubbed  by  Laurier  who  told   him   that   the  Government hadfcome to the   conclusion that this legislation should  be disallowed and had   so   recommended to ,His'Excellency.      Having thus vindicated the dignity   of  the Government, Laurier   softened  a little and informed his  followers  that correspondence   relative to the  matter would be brought down   at  an early day.  ���������     A S,AI> AFFAIR,'  Vancouver,    June    8.���������Another  chapter is chronicled in the shattered life of Peter Deville, the famous  I French Pete,   the   Klondike   king  and  discevercr o of   the   Treadwell  mines.    Deville is 60 years old'and  a longing came .over   him.   recently  to-visit Paris.    On   arriving, there  helmet and fell  in  love 'with   the  daughter^of .a   friend   of by-tgone  '"cTays.'o""The girl'-"'was" but'., twenty,  very beautiful.    Deville asked her  to share his millions   and   become  his bride.' The marriage took place  six weeks   ago.    They   arrived   in  Vancouver on Sunday, where   De-  ville's beautiful  young  bride   was  taken suddenly ill and died.    Deville  is   distracted.    He   says   he  would give up all his   wealth   and  become a beggar if it  would   bring  back his wife.  Sixteen men of the steamer Garonne went out on strike yesterday,  they demanded $40 a month and  40 cents per hour overtime.  SEARCH.FOR  STR.  PELICAN.  Port Townsend, June 8.-���������Thie Re  venue cutter Grant has been dispatched and given instructions to  make a diligent search for the crew  of the steamer Pelican, which is  supposed to have foundered on the  Alaskan coast.  * *  the Doukhobors are not a very desirable class either. I had a ponr  versation on my way-down Itere  with His Grace the Archbishop of  St. Boniface, and.... he said iha������  these were a very, undesirable glass  ���������people that he did not think it'  advisable to bring into this couniry   1 therefore   think,  .under  tne  circumstances,   that   the   Govern- ^'  ment ought to take steps to^y&rt  the exodus from the Maritim'Wpror  vmces, which is now flowing to ths    '  United States, to our   own   North?  west, which is   one  of   the   finest   ''  countries for young men,  particuL  '"-  arly young Canadians, to settle in.r  The Government should take Jjsom^ r .  steps to   advertise   the   Northwest  more largely in the Maritime  Pror     '  vinces.    I know that it is   not   the ,  policy of the   Government   to   en-:   ���������'  courage people to .leave one part   of   L  Canada to settle   in   another,   but ', ?  they would be justified in   taking  such means as might; ,be necessary'-  to influence        ypupg      men \ /  by giving' them   cheaper   raUro&4"  rates, oi* even   free   transportation,--,  or making, some advances to them,'  ' to enable them to go to the  Northr    '  west Territories instead of   'to   the  United States. .. .They   would   be   '  doing a   good   work,   and   would  make more money for -the -country   ^  apart from keeping a valuable population in our country." '.   ^  , U.S. REVENUE FLEET  Two of the white fleet of  U. .8,  Revenue cutters are now coaling at,  Union Bay. . They are  the. "Grant.  and Corwin. -' The number"'ofHrev-'-'  ejiue; cutters-that' Uncle ��������� Sam'. will;*  send north this-year will ,be seven  The "Rfash'-'.'toiying the "Nunevick"  a stern wheeler, is expected  to ar-."  rive at the Bay almost  any moment.    The remainder of the compli-.'  ment of vessels is expected  within  a few days at Union Wharf, where. ,  they  will   coal.    The  "Nunevick"  will remain in commission  for two.  years, plying in the Yukon; River-  betNeen St. Michaels  and Dawson,  City.    St. Michaels will be head-,  quarters of the "Corwin"' until No-.  vember, when she will return south.  The "Thetis"  is  to. cross  Behring^  Sea and secure reindeer for  the  U.  S. Government.     The other vessels  will  cruise in the   northern  seas  with the principal object of prevent  ing pelagic sealing within prohibited waters.    The present fleet is the,  largest ever sent. north.    In.   addir. .  tion to  the  U.  S.  vessels, two at,  least, of H. M. ships "will  db  ser-.  vice in or near Bchring Sea.  Potted chicken  and  tongue, ten.  cents a tin,   ' at Moore's.  IMMIGRANTS.  In the Senate on April, 29 there  was a discussion of this.subject, led  by Senator Pcrley, a former resident of the Maritime Provinces,  but now. of the Northwest. Speaking of the new immigrants the honorable gentleman said:���������  "Many of them are an   undesirable class of people.   The Galicians  cost   the   country   a   considerable  sum to get them here and  to   keep  them after they came.    They   have  a very degraded idea of   humanity  and Christianity.   They are a class  of people who believe that   a   man  may kill his wife if   she   does   not  happen to suit  him,   and   two   of  these men are now under  sentence  of death for murder  in   Manitoba.  ....That   is   a   very   undesirable  class to bring into  the   Northwest,  while wc arc allowing   the   young  men of our country to   go   to   the  United States.      I understand that  BY DIRECT IMPORTATION, A CHOICE  SELECTION OF  English and  Scotch Suitings.  I Call an3 Examine. -������.      v>*.  ...-'������������������  ���������'^-^���������O^-^- &**r^  HOPE.  .  JEopo comes to all, and with her cheery smile  Bids as look upward to tho faroff hills  Whero the light lingers yet, and for awhile  Lay down the burden of our mortal ills.  Hope wipe* tho sweat from the tired laborer's  brow,  Bringing to mind the happy rest of home.  Bope cheers tho farmer following the plow  , With the' fair vision 'of increase to come.  To fainting travelers in the desert vast  Hope shows the gushing fountain' and the  palm.  Jo tho worn sailor on the swaying mast.  The green fields and the . harbor's smiling  ���������   calm.  With the late student hope her vigil keeps '  Still whispering of honors to be won.  Bope fires the soldier's heart amid red heap*  With pledge of victory ere the day be done.  Etopo is our inspiration and cur guide.  Solace in troubJe and support in strife.  -"Tis the soul's anchor in time's rolling tide.  Nurse to the sick and to the dying life.  ���������New York Ledger. -  A SCULPTOB CHOSEN.  Sho had often noticed him before. He  always sat in the samo spot, with bowed  head and a crayon in hia hand. Besido  him woro tho pictures he had drawn.no  mere daubs, crndo in color and sketchy in  treatment, but real artistic gems., Strange  that a man of genius should be reduced to  this.  .She was young, beautiful and wealthy.  What could she have in common with a  street artist, however great his talent?  ' She did not like poverty, sorrow or affliction'in any shape or form.' If it came  prominently before her, sho stepped aside  with a shudder.' It undoubtedly had the  power to rufllo momentarily the surface of  her lotus eating existence  Today she'had a tetter opportunity of  . examining his work than, sho had ever  had before. She had been passing an idle  hour in the park.at a time not consecrated  to fashion, and as sho sauntered through  tho gate on her homeward way her eyes  rested upon some of the artist's recently  completed sketches and lingered there.  Five minutes���������ten minutes passed���������and  still sho remained chained to tho spot, her  ga::o,������fasci nated by tho .scene before her  It represented an old -.fashioned church-  . yard, with a littlo ivy clad church nestling  among the trees. But it was not upon tho  sacred edifice that her eyes were riveted,  but on a grave which, from its beauty of  design and comparatively recent structure,  stood apart from tho others, which-were  all moro or less in different stages of decay.  Tho  artist,   following  his  own   poetic  fancy, had made three studios of the grave  as it appeared  in 'summer, autumn  and  winter.  The first showed it almost smoth-  . ered in flowers., Climbingcrosesclambered  oyer the base  and wound  about  the  ex-  ' quisitoly carved   figure of "the angr.l, 'who  " stood- erect with   outstretched wings  and  hand pointing to  the  skies     In the next  sketch no traco of tho roses remained, but  in their place  the tomb was  strewn with  withered leave's, emblematic of  the decay  of life's hopes.  The third showed tho leafless   branches   of   the   trees,   waving  in'  ghostly fashion over tho wind swept monument, which now stood alone  in stately  grandeur,     unhidden     by    any    earthly  shroud.  The gleaming figure of tho angel,  denudedof all earth's favors, still pointed  triumphantly upward in  reminder of  the  life  everlasting, which   was  still further  exemplified   by tho  inscription, "Till the  Day Break," which was  carved in raised  letters on the pedestal.    .-   v.     '  The heart of tho beautiful woman was  stirred with a strange emotion. Sho had  not seen the original for ton long years.  "You seem to* know this part of the  country well," she said, addressing the  artist, who looked up startled as her musical tones fell on his car. "This is certainly.a faithful portraiture."  "It ought to be," ho remarked, *'the  design was executed by mo:"  "By you?" she exclaimed^ amazed.  "Surely hot I That was the work of a  rising artist already famed in his profession, not"���������  "Not by a-street picture maker who  craves your charity,"he replied,With a  touch of bitterness. "You are right. But,  strange as it may appear, I, too, was once -  honored and respected, but I had tho misfortune to be unfortunate. It is a crime  that the world never forgives."  Ho drew his sombrero still farther over  his oyes, but not before she had. time to  notice that his handsome, haggard features bore traces of refinement. After all,  it was none,of her business, she argued.  Yet, as she dropped a coin ,in the box, her  -eyes still rested lingeringly on the pictures.  "I���������I like these," she said slowly, unwillingly almost, itseomed. "I know this  part of Cornwall well. What would you  charge for three duplicato copies of the  sketches?"  "My days of fixed prices are a thing of  tho past," tho artist replied, with cold  courtesy. . "The remuneration I would  leavo entiroly to you."    *  "Very well. Bring them next week to  this address. Wait, I will put an hour,  bo that you may find mo at home.'"' She  handed him tho card, and with a slight inclination passed on.  Gilbert Gerard's heart was filled with  bitterness, and���������curious anomaly���������the  moro so when on examining the box he  found a bright goldpiece among tho pence  and halfpence A previous glance at the  bit of pasteboard had shown him that it  bore tho name of Mrs. Vivian, and that  the address was Eaton square  He faintly remembered the name as  that of a brilliant beauty who had first  dazzled the fashionable world some ten  years ago, and ho saw that she was now  in the zenith of her charms.  For the next few days he worked hard  at the skotches, though of course not entirely deserting his old haunt, and on the  day appointed he took them to Mrs. Vivian.  She received him graciously enough,  but Gerard, who was sensitive to a fault,  winced at the shade of patronago which  he fancied he detected in her iranner.  He thought she would at least bestow a  word of praise upon his work, which loft  nothing to bo desired from point of finish or fineness of execution.    But in this  he was doomed,to disappointment, for shs  glanced at them carelessly and laid them  aside  Gerard felt* a cold chill  steal over him.  Yet what  could   he  expect?    This was a  woman   of   the  world, and   her emotions  must necessarily be of  a transient nature  ���������here   today   and   gone   tomorrow      Ho  thrust   the  closed envelupe sho   ga\o him  6avagoly into   his   breast ��������� p.u-ket, and  did  cot open it until   the  following r i -.'���������   :���������  Ho certainly had no reason i.i <������������������>.:,��������� ���������������������������;'���������  want   of  generosity   iis   lw   *,i-     ������������������ ���������������������������    .'  notes, .which an oimrt'd t'i  ''-''"      ''���������     ..'   ���������  at them long, bin    -" ���������������������������:.:���������!.���������.���������-.:  hen a wild   lnr-.;: ���������     .������������������!-������������������ ���������".i--  cape from hK   '-���������.;.���������,< ',:..-  ������������������.     '...v  resnecr m t;>-, vj ,     ��������� ���������<���������.,������������������  He pondered long into tho night, and It  was not till the first rosy streaks of dawn  Illuminated tho heavens that he laid asido  his brier wood and, stretching himself  upon his camp bedstead, fell asleep He  was a man of impulse. Once having made  up his mind to a certain course.' he nevor  wavered in its fulfillment, and from henco-  forth his "pitch" know him no more That  week he modeled an exquisite portrait of  his fair'patroness from memory and beg-  god her acceptance of it.  Even tho spoiled beauty felt n thrill of  pleasurable emotion as sho noticed the  subtle flattery exprossed in every curve of  tlie medallion She compared it favorably  with portraits of herself by two of the  most eminent academicians and felt that  it would be ungrateful not to give Mr  Gerard sittings.  "Who could have imagined you woro  such a genius?" she said laughingly some  weeks later, when tho picture was Hearing  completion. Gerard, ��������� in his silk blouse  and irreproachable get up, with all the  paraphernalia' of art surrounding him.  and tho aristocratic air of "lioyal Kensington" permeating tho tasteful studio,  seemed altogether a different order of being from Gerard, tho street artist  He painted on assiduously Mrs Vivian  glanced at him curiously, her interest in  him growing deeper She wished to lift  tthe veil of mystery which surrounded this  man, who was so different from the satellites which revolved around her and of  whom she grew so weary There was  something grand in his air of stern self  repression, she thought, although she  would have wished him to be more communicative. *  "Will you think mo very impertinent,  Mr. Gerard, if I montion aomething that  has been exercising my mind for some  time past? It is this- On the first day I  made your acquaintance through seeing  the sketches you had drawn of my'father's  grave and expressed my surprise- you replied that the design had been your own.  Now, on looking over some papers recently I found tho original estimate, and tho  artist's name was not Gerard. Were you  then working under'a pseudonym?"  "Yes." <��������� The reply came stern and cold  from Gilbert Gerard's set lips as ho laid  down his brush and crossed tho room "I  was working under an alias, but not a  voluntary, ono. If you will deign to listen, I will give you, in as fow words as  possible, an outline of tHe history of my  life. I would not, at all events, "liko you  to regard mo as an impostor "  "That I could never do Your work  speaks for itf.elf."  "It-has never been allowed to till now,"  he replied gloomily     "When I completed  my art  education, I was  a  young fellow  without means^ and therefore gladly joined  lots with a sculptor who had already made  a name in the  profession.     We'shared the  same 'studio' and   in  a very short   time 1  learned the reason of my so called friend's  kindness and generosity     I. like  several  others before  me, was   the  monkey employed to pull tho chestnuts out of the fire.  He was a  man of  great  plausibility and  succeeded- by dint of  push   in   getting a  good many orders.     Beyond this  and   inscribing his  name on  the  finished work,  his  responsibility ceased     In. the  case of  your  father's  tomb 1   revolted, and said  that  it  should   bo   known   as  my work  Then ensued our first quarrel, and   I suggested that we should, part.     Tho monument was then all   but finished     On  the  samo day I was  driving  a   very fidgety  maro, when'  suddenly sKe   bolted   on   the  brow of a hill, and 1 was  pitched out on  my head     They carried me to a hospital,  concussion of  the brain followed, and for  about a year my mind was a perfect blank  When I recovered, I went down  to Cornwall, and, as I   expected, there  stood the  monument bearing the usual  signature.  What, could  1 do?    My  long  illness   had  cost  thousands, for  it took the best men  in London to pull me  together, and their  charges  are  not  modest     This,   coupled  with  an   unlucky  investment, completed  my misfortunes     Tho few friends  1   had  made deserted mo, as friends  are wont to  do, and genius, if it pleases you to dignify  my efforts  by that  name, is worse  than  useless without money, and without influence     If   I  had   pointed  out  statues  in  public places as  my work, 1  should  have  been   openly rid-iculed, and   people  would  have said that my mind had not recovered  its   balance, and  so  I drifted on   to what  you found me. a man   to whom existence  was a Jiving death      You  rescued   me for  the slough of  despond, and   my future is  yours to mold as  you will     I  desire  no  better fate."  He raised her hand to his lips, and she  made no resistance  "Don't idoalizo me, pray,' she said,  with a littlo nervous laugh "I don't deserve it I never aspire to bo more than a  social butterfly, and as such only suck the  sweetness of life and none of its gall���������that  is to say, voluntarily.'  "Youaltogether belie yourself," returned Gerard gravely ' Yours belongs to the  really few fine natures which are incapable of appreciating their own nobility At  present it is incrusted with an element of  worldly cynicism and hardness, which  however, lies only on the surface and does  not represent your true self at all Although you expressed no word of sympathy at the recital of my wrongs I noticed  the pallor which spread over your face  That was enough for me '  Mrs. Vivian blushed as  she cast at him  one of her speaking upward glances       You  are always making wonderful disco\eries,'  sho remarked       'I wonder what  the next  one will be?"  "Shall I tell you?" asked Gerard mean  ingly, gazing at  her with   all his soul in  his eyes.  But the beauty shook her head and  vouchsafed no reply He must have en  - lightened her. however, on a subsequent  k casion, tor some months later society  iias electrified at the news chat the Jo vol j  Mrs Viiian, at whos-o feet princes had  languished in vain, had married an ou  :-curo artist of whom they had never even  heard  But Mrs. Geran'j^. ��������� sublimely indi'ler  ent to praise or in   *'   ^ ue.n a :i uie i:.,wi  usually Minoiiious i... .<rU rcariH'U \u i ts.ir������  sho glanced <-i-r Her lint.u.Mi.iie hush.-,ml anil  delivered heif-'eli   ol   the   loMnvvuig aplior  ism:  "To the discoverer belongs the bene  fitcf  his discovery      If   1 (liscuvorcii your  genius, you discovered my heart     I put if  to tho wo:Id���������which was tho  greater feat  FRANCE'S CONGRESS.  CHAMBER  OF   DEPUTIES A NOISY ANL  UNDIGNIFIED   BODY.  of tho two?"������������������ L.  ,nati Herald.  L   B  Battern in Cmcin-  Ilatlirr  Sensitive.  "I think my Archie is tho most painfully sensitive boy I ever saw." said Mrs - Up-  oh a  -Yes?'-  *\\ hen ho first learned that the earth  urns isror. ml   on   its   axis   at   tho rate of  </������i't.:.ii  I iii'ii   miles   an   hour, it made  .u vi,,.,,"���������; v ,.:,-,!( k   '-Chicago Tribuno.  remarked the comb  ���������i   it. in   hi.-s dressing  ������   i; i:   anting,   but   I  ��������� '��������� 'nhia Kecoyd.  MUSICIAN'S ODD WHIM,  ne  In    n  Will    Tonr    JlriHsnoljtnsotlH  Hou.sc   Built   on   Wheels.  "William Horatio Clarke, who had a  national reputation as a church organist several years ago, but who has lived for some time the life of a recluse in  the suburbs of Boston, is preparing to  take a queer outing during the coming  summer; He has had built a house on  wheels," and in this he proposes to take  an inland cruise through ��������� Massachusetts. On a set of low. light, easy.running wheels he has had built a compact  little cabin 12 feet long- and S feet wide.  A folding bunk, lockers and many ingenious contrivances will make this a  habitable and comfortable room. A  horse' will furnish the motive power,  and Mr. Clarke will travel" about, stopping where he pleases and going- on  when the fancy strikes him.  Mr. Clarke has done odd things before. After serving as organist in many  prominent churches in various cities of  Some I'ecnlinrities of the manner !-i  "Which French Statesmen Coni!;N'l  tlie UniiiocK!) of Making' Lnivs���������Iloiv  Unpopular Speakers Are Silesiccd.  The French chamber of deputies,  whose sessions have of late been of sui .<  a lively and important nature, can  scarcely be called a deliberative body.  An American who watches its sittings  and compares them with those of our  house of representatives or with those  of the house of commons will be highly  entertained.  The seats are arranged in a great  semicircular amphitheater! the .aisles  converging in front to the highly elevated desk of the president of the  chamber, just in front of this desk is  built out a 'little shelf reached by a  short flight.'of stairs on either side. This  is the tribune. Instead of addressing  the chamber from wherever they may  happen to stand on the Door of the hull,  as do our congressmen, the French deputies walk forward and climb up to the  tribune. There they turn their backs  on the-presiding oflicer and talk to tlu-ir  fellow members.  Sometimes two or three members  start for the tribune at the same time.  This leads to an impromptu Coot race,  which adds little to the dignity of the  proceedings. But the deputies do not let  a lack of dignity bother them.  Even when he has gaiii'ed the tribune  a deputy is not sure that he will be allowed to speak. French lawmakers have  good lungs, and they use'them to drown  out the words of an unpopular speaker.  If this does not answer, they slam the  covers of their desks, which makes a  noise that is almost deafening. * In our  congress interruptions of a speaker are  rare and are always made in a courteous manner.  But the French deputy does not stand  upon courtesy. He shouts and yells insulting remarks, taunts and accusations with the utmost freedom. The  members speaking from the tribune  shout and yell back, making themselves  heard if they can, but adding to the uproar at any rate. Even the president of  the chamber often interrupts speakers  with sarcastic remarks or comments.  Then the speaker turns his back on the  deputies and "has it out with" the pres^  ident.  Some members can always be depended  upon to create a disturbance.    Paul  The house 'of commons chooses its  speakers rather for their popularity  than owing to any gifts of firmness or  Intelligence which they are supposed to  possess. The president of the chamber  of deputies is chosen by the members*  who are in a majority, and he is a favorite of or supposed to represent the-  ideas of the party in power. As a matter of fact, there are half a dozen parties in the, Palais Rourbon. hot one of  whom has an' absolute majority, but .  when it comes to electing, a speaker  several of the more moderate Republican groups combine their strength on  one candidate so as to' prevent the election of a Radical or a Royalist.  1-IOWAlM) SI'ENCK SlNCLAIlt.  ���������J  ORGANIST CI.A ItKK'S' HOUSE. ON WHISK US.  the Union he settled down in Reading. .Mass., near Boston. In 1S91. contemplating a remarkable school for- the  higher education of church organists,  he had constructed near his newly  bought house an immense organ made  up of three whole organs.and part of a  fourth. The instrument contained 4.000  pipes and- vvas backed up by a steam  engine, which pumped'.,air into it..  The organ has not been touched since  1S94, for 'Mr. Clarke's -failing health at  that time prevented him from carrying  out his plans. An organ conservatory  was built over and about .this great instrument, and today it remains as at its  completion, one of the most remarkable of musical instruments.  The Old Fashioned Mirror.  The woman who owns an old fashioned mirror   may consider herself  fortunate,   remarks  The  Art   Interchange.  Antique mirrors  are   highly prized  at  present. The shape most'desired is somewhat long and nairow   The frame is of  no particular account.    Fashion orders  it covered.   A pretty idea is to have the  mirror framed in the material which is  used in decorating   the, dressing table.'  Any of  the  daintily colored  cretonnes  now sold answer admirably for this purpose.   Another idea is to have,the frame,  of   the ' mirror gilded and then twisted  with, ribbon.  Acquitted.  Judge���������Did yon knock this man  down?  Prisoner���������No. judge, I didn't. I tried  to hold him up.;���������Yonkers Statesman.  JIin  Busy Year.  We hc;u\ of a distinguished avithoi  who said the other day  "This- will be a busy year with me.'  I have ������15.000 worth of work already  contracted for. and besides, I want to  do about $5 worth of writing outside  of that. "  "If you make all that money, " said  a friend, "you'll rest np' for several  years, will you'?'  "No, indeed I" replied the author.  "I promised that to my wife for pin  money!"  Now. considering the unfavorable  weather we arc having in Georgia,  doesn't this literary business pay better  than cotton at 5 centsV We respectfully commend it to all plowing authors.  ���������Atlanta Constitution. '  A QUIET,   MODEST  MAN.  The Crown Prince ������ff Germany,  The crown prince of the German empire, Friedrich Wilhelm.-is 16 years old.  He is much attached to his 15-year-old  brother, Eitel Friedrich. He is an expert on the bicycle.and in rowing, and  his health is much better than it was  in his childhood. The younger brother  has��������� always .been robust, and. he is the  merrier of the two, always full of animal spirits and pranks, while the crown  prince is serious  Busy,  "Yes," said the inventor, with great  enthusiasm, "my next work is going  to be a great success. I've had my portrait in a number of papers and column  after column of biography. "  "But how about the invention?"  "Oh, J   haven't   had time to invent  that yet 1   I'll  get around  to it by and  by." '.. '   ���������"   Not Him!  Skinflint���������This is a beast of a cigar  It's making me feel downright ill!  Friend���������Then why on earth don't  you throw it away V  Skiniiitit (in horror)���������Throw it away1  Why. it cust me 5 cents only ten minutes ago. ���������Ally Sloper  VVHerein He's Rich.  One man got rich by selling land  And building business blocks,  Another made a fortune by  The rise and fall of stocks.  Another got his from papa  And all his coupons cuts,  Another made it out of gold.  And like a lord he struts.  But It remained for barnyard stock  To put one man on his legs.  He, in luck, has lots of wealth,  For he owns a crate of eggs.  ���������Detroit Free Pre������������  TKIBUNE OF CHAMBEH OF DEPUTIES.  Deroulede, the Radical Socialist, is one  of these. He is a .'picturesque figure,-  with his bristling mustache and his  waving arms. What he says is seldom  known, for his appearance on the tribune is always the signal for a torrent  of shouts and catcalls, but the general  tenor of his remarks is well known.  They are fiery and denunciatory of everything and everybody.  M. .. Baudry d'Asson, the Royalist  member, is another disturber. At every congress he takes advantage of the  most exciting crisis to rush up the steos  of the tribune and before the ushers can  suppress him to shout "Vive le roi!"  two or three times.. This done, he goes  quietly back to his seat and takes no  further part in the riot. He was once  imprisoned for tAVO days because of one  of these outbreaks, _but it had no permanent effect on his enthusiasm.       ^  The other day, when the senators, and  deputies were in joint session and had  before them the serious work of electing  a president of the French'republic, the  session was just as noisy and undignified as usual. Deroulede, as usual, was  one of the chief participants. When it  came his turn to mount the tribune and  cast his vote, he tried to address the  chamber in spite of the rules against  speaking while a vote was in progress.  Being hooted down, he turned to President Loubet and shouted up at him  some sentiments which were doubtless  very uncomplimentary. M. Loubet  shouted back and rang his bell.  This to us is one of the odd features  about the French chamber of deputies.  The speaker of our congress pounds  with a gavel on his desk. The speaker  of the house of commons shouts: "Order! Order!" The French speaker  rings a gong. If he cannot quiet'a disturbance, he has the recourse of putting  on his hat, and this mere act adjourns  the session. The speaker of the house  of commons can leave the chair and  thus suspend a sitting when his boys  are ungovernable.  In both Paris and London the presiding officer can "name" a member, fine  him or suspend him temporarily from  membership. The speaker at Washington has no such arbitrary power conferred on him by rule or law. Neither  in France nor in England is such a  thing permitted as appealing from the  decision of the' speaker, and in France  there is no such padlock game as moving the previous question.  CLEMENT AliMAND FALLIEUES.  utilities to whom the presidents of the  republic. or the prime ministers were  prone to appeal when they needed men  to succeed the former ministers whom  either unpopularity or political scanflal  had worn out and made unavailable/.  When.Carnot became president of the  republic, the first prime minister he  thought of was Fallieres, and he asked  him #o form a cabinet, in which the  latter failed to succeed. Nevertheless,  he became a member of three cabinets  under Carnot's presidency. That would  be enough to show what kind of a man  he is. But his whole career shows it as  well. While his first chief, Jules Ferry, was unable to be chosen as prim������  minister for fear of the animosity of  his foes. Fallieres, who belonged to Ferry's whole ministry and was a genuine  opportunist, was looked upon as an excellent choice, which nobody could fairly resent.  From 18S0 to 2^99 M. Fallieres has  been,eight times a member of the government. He -has been once prime minister and mmister of foreign affairs,  twice minister of public instruction,  twice minister of justice, and three  times he has occupied the ministry of  the interior.  It seems that such a man cannot but  be a man of serious qualities and unquestionable ability. As a matter of  fact, Fallieres' is one of the most distinguished, modest and useful servants  of the French republic. He never coveted the duties and responsibilities of  government, but never did he shrink  from them when thrown upon him, and  never did he make serious blunders.  1  Snelt Is tlie Newly. Elected President ,  of tlie Prcneli Semite.  Clement' Armand Fallieres, tho newly elected president of the French senate, is one'of those quiet, modest men-  who keep in the background and bear  the real burden of govern'ment.. Although he has been in public life Cor  ma..y years and has filled many important posts,- he is little known outside  of Versailles. While tho more brilliant  leaders have swayed the public from  one discord to tho other, he and men  like him have stood steadily in tho sec-'  ond line and hold tho main body firm.  His political career is almost a replica  of that - of President i L6ubet's: Dike  .Loubet, like Tirard and like Dupuy,  who came later, Fallieres has been one  Of the foremost among'those so called  ffl  m S*&HS=5Sas=������sS  t *  W  it   '  II  fa  ���������V  W .  V  II  R ���������-.���������  ll* V  L\> ~ < <  D  -i-   ������  i  , ��������������� -  it  D '  ii,-  I  r  *  /  \  ii    /  ^  1 PEN PIOTDEE OF. f IB.  *   FAMOUS  SEA   FIGHT BETWEEN  CHILI AND PERU.  The Horror of Naval Warfare Vividly Por-  traycd-Awfnl Slaughter on the Peruvian Iron ���������I������������1 Huascar.  <_ The following describes the engagement between f Chilean and Peruvian  ! ironclads off the coast of Bolivia' in  / From the fiist of the battle the  encouraging voice of G-rau had come  .to che men in tlie turret through the  speaki ng-tube - - from, the conning-tow-  er; but when the Blanco crowded into  18-79;  the thick of it, and great shots struck  ���������    the  Huascar'a    sides   as  regularly   as  "   blows1 of a battering  rain.,  the  orders  of the" -commander    were    no  longer  '    heard.     Iho officer t in charge of    the  ,   turret called to -his superior.      There  was no answer, and when Commander  ,   Elias Aguerre- ran up the nairow; lit?  tie ladder that  led  to  the  tower,  he  stumbled over'the dead body ox his ad-  iniral.      A'shell, had struck-the con-  ning-tower, and had  taken  offGrau's  -���������    'head' as neatly as if --the decapitation  " - had been by the guillotine.     This shell  ,,also killed Lieut."Ferre, the admiral's  aid.-    There was only time to push the  corpses aside, and the' new command-  " ",ing officer pulled  back the  tube-flap  lo give his-directions; but "as he' did  ���������-.', bo che"Huascar staggered, keeled over)  '   > then shook in every plate/ while a- concussion more terrific-than any so far  '' -'told-that^a shell -had ,entered the rtur-  "   "rent1 and had buist there.    When''the  7     fumes had<cleared away.so that a per-  ?, eon could' speak,- a midshipman^ called  '   'out^tiiat'one  6i  the Lgreat  guns.had  been'dismounted, and    c    r     ^ -,,-    ��������� '  TSVlilNXY MEN KILLED.' , -,  The survivors ' tumbled..,, the bodies  ,- , through , the' i hatch*��������� that opened into  thVdeck below, thus releasing the clogged machinery ;' and as the corpses  raLtled down0other men lushed up,  thiowing off their 'clothing as they  jumped into the* pools of 'blood to seize  hold oi" tho gear and swing the remaining gun'into'position,  that  it might  - train upon one,'of the ships���������they could  - no longer , make vout .which,   noi   did  _,they care���������and it was .discharged, hauled in, loaded, and dischaiged again. <  "  Oince more all was silence in the con-  ning-tower.     Lieut. Palacios hastened  (thei;e,   but  befoie   he, couLd  enter  he.  r <wcu> compelled to,push three bodies out  '   ^ofjjt'he way.     He had baiely given his  first,command when a" bullet ������rpm_4;hej  well-aimed rifle o������-a-marine" in an enemy's top-' lodgea "between his eyes.  '   Th.n.Lhe fourth.to command the Huas-  car   that  day.   Lieut,   Pedio  (Jarezon,  took the place, as he did so he called  through an aperture, telling the quar-  '<   terniaster to' put   the  helm   to  port;  for he had determined to ram oue of  iho adveisaiies; and sink with her if  necessary.     Over  and   over   sxmn   the  wheel,    but   the   Huascar's  head  still  pointed between the Chileans.  "Port I Port, 1 say!" screamed the  Cjommander.  -"She won't answer," came back the  sullen reply from, the only one of four  quartermasters alive ; the bodies of the  otheis were lying upon the grating  at his feet. i  "A.shot has.cariied away the starboard steering-gear, sir," repoited an  ensign; and he dropped dead as the  words left his  mouth.  The Huascar now lay drifting in a  hell of" shot and flame, but all the  while the red, white and red fluttered  from the peak. One by one, in t\\ os-  and in threes, the men in the turiet  diopped at their posts: and at last  the remaining great gun was silent,  its tackle literally  CHOKJEJD  WITH   DEAD.  The  turret   could   not   be   turned   for  the same teason.      Corpses hung over  the military  top,   coipses  clogged  the  conning-tower.        -   ���������  "With coats and waistcoats off, the.  surgeons had been laboiing in the  1 vward-room. upon the wounded, who,  shrieking in their agony, had been  tmubled down the companionway like  so much butchered beef; for there was  no time to use stretchers or to carry  a stricken comrade to a doctor's care.  Steam and smoke filteied through the  doorways, and the apartment became  stifling. \\ hile they were sawing,  amputating, and bandaging, a shell  tore into the -ward-room,,'." burst, and,  fragments wounded the assistant surgeons, the- chief of the medical staff  ���������vhaving been killed-earlier in the conflict. Those unfortunates who 'were-  stretched upon the table awaiting their  (turn under the knife, and those who  lay upon the floor, suffered no more  pain;.they were killed as they lay  groaning. This shell tore away wardroom an"' dsltern cabin and hardly a  trace was left of the bulkhead. After  that what little surgery was done was  performed in the coal-bunkers.  Huddled in :,a passageway   near  the,  ���������engine rooni was  a. score or  more  of  non-combatants ���������  stewards, ���������: panfc.ry-  ���������inen    and stokers..���������-.. They were in  a  \    place that-wras lighted only as flashes  '���������came from the'guns'! it ;was filled with"  ! powder, ������������������ ahel    clouds  of  ��������� steam  that  drifted from below told" that the Huascar had been-..struck in  a vital spot���������������������������  .hermachinery.'  .Suddenly they heard  a crash,, and the little ironclad swayed  as if she had struck a reef.     Someone  passed the word that the main topmast  had been shot away.  ' There was a cry  of "Fire 1"  and  all-  hands rushed to stations���������perhaps  two  men to a boat's crew, one to a..pu/mp  gang. .-���������'.!-  "D the fire!" shouted Lieut. Unr-  ezon,  "Repel   boarders!"  They were  metamorphosed by. this  order from' fire-fighters into warriors again, and formed a line of bleeding imen, their clothing in rags, and,  ranged in company front, stokers elbowing marines, pantrymen leveling  rifles in unison with" midshipmen,  awaited the coming of na fleet of the  enemy's boats, which crowded with marines, were forcing their way through  the water toward the wounded, staggering "Huascar that lay like a log,  motionless.  But fire raged between decks - and  flames flawed up the after-companion-  way;" and when the boats had crowded  around, like threshers attacking a  whale that had been struck to death,'  the ��������� few survivors ' were compelled to  yield to the force of ^numbers.���������Century Magazine. 7  HAIR   JEWELRY.  The times are modern, and the days  of our grandprnothars are in no wise returning yet one of the most popular  fashions,of long ago is coming back.  Haior jewelry is in vogue again, and  in no half-hearted way, for very many  of the younger generation are taking  a kpen. interest'in it, and if all signs  are true there "will be any'amount of  hair jewelry seen a month or so' from  now  The popular shades .of haix for these  ornaments are golden brown and" red,  but it really .matters little what your  hair may be ,in the way-1 of color and  Eat in Haste  And suffer at- leisure. When your  'abused, stomach can no longer cheerfully and properly perform its duties,  a, few doses of Hood's Sarsapariila are  like fresh water* to a withered plant.  This medicine tones the stomach, restores digestive strength, creates an  appetite and- with a little 'care in  diet" the patient is soon in perfect  health.-Try it and you'll believe in it.  S    parilla  Is On n nla's Greatest Mer U ine.   $1; six for $5  tt.ood.ii Pills cure constipation.   25 cents.  ITEMS. OF INTEREST.  ji   Few   Paragraphs   Which   May 'Prove  , ,       Worlh Kcn<ling.  . All fresh-water snakes in India are  harmless, and all salt water snakes  are  poisonous.  Robert Taylor,.' the Postmaster at  Scarva, County, Down, Ireland," is said  to bes-134 ( years  of  age.        (     ~  Customs change. Among thefPhoenicians,- in ancient days, the wearing of  eari ings was" a badge of servitude."  Warm meals" are'supplied to all the  pupilsa in  the������public  schools of r Paris.  "The cost of a1 meal is about two cents.  . -In  Sweden,1 there   are   floating  canneries. They - are .small vessels,  which  iaJ' follow fishing fleets, and men on them  tint. .The   main    thing-is-that   you   can the, fish ,w-hile they are fresh,     .  should have some stray vagrant strands '   A passenger car on a si earn railroad  of it 'ma db"1 into  som������ 'bit of-jewelry,   costs'from  ������4,000'to -55,000; a baggage  Jusl,what,Wrt'of jewelry "fashion does  not attempt to*-decide definitely. It  allows belle and beau a wide latitude  in point of-view of "laste and<'design.  '��������� Crystal locketsl are", 'however, .the ornaments in the ' way of , hair jewelry.  vthat, are ,th������'most" popular'at,the mo-,  menl. Through'the crystal the' hair or  thei adored one is seen in a true lover's  knot. Also very,fashionable are crystal^ rings, -with the girl's hair^ braided  in curious and artistic designs���������hearts,  (car,��������� from- ������2,000 .to  $2,500 ; a, sleeping  car from, ������10,000 'to  $20,000. ,  A'female - monkey in ihe Zoological  Garden's, of'Vienna is a trick bicycle  .rider. She"' performs wonderful, antics',,  "and her imitations of the human riders are" irresistibly droll. , ' ~ <  v The title "admiral " originally came  from the .Arabic phrase " amir-al-bahr,"  meaning " ruler'of,the sea." When-the  }asf word was dropped and a '/ d'' was  added?> it "became' " admiral,"   '  "  An instrument for seeing objects under water has been invented by a hy-  drographic 'engineer of Russia. By its  aid the bottom of rivers, to a depth,  of from forty-five to sixty feet, can  be, distinctly viewed. In the examination of wrecks this submarine telescope will be of  great service.  ,  - "Quickcure" cures toothache, and all  pain."  .One of the hospitals in Moscow is  large enough 'to accommodate "7;000  patients.  yV P C  93.>  Mills,   Mills   &   Hales,  Barristers, etc., removed  to Wo������leyBldR8.,-Richmond St. W., Toronto.  We Undertake To Please^  1  -^.YOU, Or Return Your Monoy  MONSOON  INDO-CEYLON-TEA  Is Pure, Healthful and Delicious.  SOLD BY ALL GROCERS.   In Lead Packets only,  .      25, 30,-10,50 and 6t'c pt������T pound. '  I 4tM. AHDER80H, tt.D., Me. f 0tlteg������4t  TORONTO, O.^ &THR0AT  NUOB        SPECIALIST I  EYE, EAR������  TORONTO CUTTINO SCHOOL offer* special  *    inducements  to young men  desirous  ot  taking up Cutting-.   Full particulars on appli-  cation.      113 YONGfi ST., TORONTO.      '  *''������ A O l^/l C5 AND ESTATES bought, eold &-  r^^\rilv������0 excIiAngcd. 'Terms mailed  Kee. H. M. SrAlPSON". Real Estate' and  financial Agent, Monireol, Que.    ' ~:  PAINT scrGEEAP kZ^ZI?^  buiMincs.���������Used 22 years. Wich a. good sprayer you can  paint a barn ifl half ft''day. Wnte us for cin-igarB and  inforrontion about p������intii)g. Th? Fiach Wood PrenerTU-  6i������������ t Pamt.Company, S70 Queen West, Toronto. . ,  Dominion Line Steamships.  Montreal und Quebec to Liverpool in miramer.. Lnrg*  and   fast twin  screw  steamaTupt/ 'Labrador,'     Y������n-  couvcr,' 'Dominion,' ���������Scotsman.' * YorkBhir*.  Superior acqommodation 'or First Cabin, Seo-  on d Cabin and Stoei age passengers,   Ratea oC ���������  pannage- Firat - Cabin. $52.50;    Second Cabin.  |31; Steeraf?e $22.50 and upwaids according to  Bteamer and berth.  For all information apply 7  to Local Atrentu, or David ToriuSNCB & Co��������� .  Gen'l Agents, 17 rib. Sacrament 8t���������>Montreal. ;  For Sale....     ;  Iron Turning Lathe, sixteen inch swing; '  - six foot bed, rod'and jjearifull, countershaft complete,  good as  new,.VERY  CHEAP.   Apply,:r        * " t,' -.   . j.     -  The WILSON PUBLISHING CO.,  Ki>    LIMITEB.  73 to 81 Adelaide St. W., Toronto. ��������� <  Eahao    Eahaip     Weoan cut rour 1S98 Fei  reilGSj  reKCt?������"accountinhalf.   We cla  Fence  j b ������*���������������.*������^-"account in naif, we claim  we have the,bo=t unrt most practical fence on  earth. Four mil "8 oK it in nee at. the Experimental Farm, Guehth, Ont. Send for prices.  Addreqi Toronto .Picket Wire Fence-Co..  321'itiver St.- Toronto, Ont.  \>--  W.0: HAti RIS.Tofototo  four-leaf. tclovers;-etcr Some^ of. - these 1    It-.g sai"d-,that heri'iags are'so, pro-  Thera 'are, too, liair, - bracelets, hair left to breed and multiply undisturb-  watoh charms,and hair scarf pins, each ,-e& f^ a period of-t-\venty years, they  of artistic working and handling that -would yield an" amounL of fish equal  is remarkable when the"*difficulty of in haik to the- entire eaith.  handling such an intangible'substance I ... n. , . ..s . ���������������������������_, nf N'nrwav :'a-  as'a strand ot hair is-considered ' ,J AitaoJied to the airay of ^ Norway is  What has been done already, though- a corps of skaters armed with rilles.  the returning fashion is, rvery young They can be manoeuvred on the _ice  yet, shows that tha olden jaft has not ^j. over the. sncnvfielcls of the moun-  been lost in any way as yet. Even more, tains with-a rapidity equal to that of  difficult' designs    than t.those , already   the  best v trained  cavalry. .   ������  mentioned have been and constantly are      '^ -   M "ladu ' ' afc  Teplitz,   Hungary,  attempted. Tiny pictures, are" embroid- *s F ,.���������,���������',  ered in hair.* just as they are embroid- who, had just passed the 99th anniver  ered in silk. No, design^' stumips '1 the. sary,of her birth; had a fear of living  onerator, even landscapes that, are real-: to be ,100 .years "-of age. To prevent  ]y, complicated'forming under her ski.1- this undesirable "conedLion,',she deliber-  ful'finfeers^.Such^pictures in; hair;are. alely,ijeld her jjeai ������n a'tub of ��������� water  much^in-'deimandllAheLimoie^p^pe^ *-        c-'    I  nf "they "are  -dJohe'qn-   an exceedingly  ,���������   , -     < -''    J^ ��������� - '  'small scale '.-    ' ' l������ " ��������� >        .   I    '     "l    =  A'Good Corn   Sheiler for 25c.  TALENTED GREAT LADIES.     ' A marvel of cheapness, of efficacy, and  mi      -n ���������     '         t  A������r,i���������o   ;=  .^   nrtidf ������f prompLiLude'is contained im a bottle  The  Princess of Wales  is an artist ^ 1^ ^^ remedy,-Putnam's Pain-  in water colours whose works are very less qotu Extractor.   It goes right to  interesting,  apart from the fact that the    root of the  trouble,     there    acts  sh& is who she is, Writes a correspond- quickly but so painlessly that'nothing  ���������     T           4          t fv,.���������  inef  txrPfOr 3t ������ known of its operation untiI, the corn  enL.   I saw two of them last week at ^ she]led  . Beware   of subsLitutes   of-  the atmateur art exhibition, held in fered for Putnam's Painless Corn Ex-  Mr   Reuben    Sasson's , house   in    Bel-   tiactor���������safe, sure and painless. Sold at  grave square.   Both looked as  if thsy  druggists.    might have been done on the coast of '  Norfolk. They were exquisitely fresh; !A witness in a London police court  in colour, bold in - treatment, and yet described ^the defendant as a igentle-  well   finished,   and  with   none   of   the   man   "What is your idea of a gentle-  1. ���������  a       >,ni   ������o   nf^r.     rmrs'tha   man ?" asked the judge. *' DTe seemu to  uncertainty   that  so   often    mais   the i ^  & gentleman��������� JreplLed  the witness,  work of an amateur. I am sure >i������ tne ( ., i,eQause ^e walks about all day do-  Princess of Wales wanted! to earn her incr- nothing, going from public house  living she would only have ^ S^,UP ! to������ public   house"  a studio as a water-colour artist. Other \    great ladies who could easily-make a judge . C. Panel Angers, Quebec,  good income, are Lady Gtanny, ��������� ������ writcsb._'''Qubkcure has always giv-  fond of taking portraits of her friends' ^ ,., , ���������  in pencil-and v*ry- delicate and beau-; en  reilef  to m>   cilUd-  tiful ones they are too���������and Lady Cot-  Lenham, who does exquisitely fine work  like ancient missal painting for the  covers of books.  c  The Krag-Jorgensen rifle, now the  arm equipment of rhe United States  infantry, has a range of three miles.  At this distance an expert can easily pick of C a man, while a soldier unaccustomed to it's U������>e could not hit  a barn.  It is c|U.stomary, on tne birth of a  Japanese baby, to plant a tree. This  is carefully tended until the child is  grown, and about io be married. When  it,is cut down,.and made into furniture  for the home-of-th?. young couple.-  TO CURE A COLD IN ONE DAY.  Take Laxative Broino Quinine Tablets.      All Druggists refund the money if it faila to Cure.   2!5o.  ' The oldest house in the United  States is at Saint Augustine, Florida.^  It was built in thto year 1564, -as a  monastery, and is now occupied as the  winter "abode of a -'Northern .���������millionaire. The walls are formed of sea-  shells mixed 'with mortar.   >  a   ]������������������  .Tapan has n bre^d of mice which ar^e  , uzzle to" naturalists. At 'different.  i jx r' :i.;s. of .'th^..-d^ay. they whirl 'round  aiKi round for.''hours at a time. If a  person should ;likt a mouse when it is  whirling the animal will resume.its  whirling the- moment it   is set down.  The new "shelter cloak tent" is  made in two pieces, and is intended  t:> rV. carried, wh-jn the army is on the  march, by the two soldiers who occupy  the tent. The halves are so arranged  that when the tents are taken apart  each half can be *used by a solier as  a water-proof cloak.  ��������� A plaster made with "Quickcure"  spread on canton flannel, linen or cotton, will give more prompt relief from  croup, than camphorated oil, or mustard.  The eldest of five married daughters was married at a farm-house in  Erie, Pa. , A plain-spoken guest, desiring to say something cheering to the  groom, remarked aloud, "Well,"-' Jim,  you have got the pick of the batch."  The other:-four daughters ��������� stared at  him with stony5 visages.  Beware of Ointments   for Catarrh  .-,-���������    /that.eontain Mercury.  as mercury, will -surely'destroy the .-sense of  smell and completely derange the whole eys-  tem-vvheu eiiterinor it through the mucous surfaces, fcucu articles should never be used except on proscriptions from reputable physicians, a.-), the damage they will do is ten fold to  thc'gb'od you can possibly derive from them.  Plaii's. Catarrh Cure,- manufactured by F. J.  Cheney Sc'Co., Toiedo.O.i contains no mercury  find is takon internally.acting directly upon the  blood and mucous surfaces of tho system. In  huyinpr Hall's Catarrh Cure be rure you get  tho-qenuino. It is taken inte-na'lv and made  in Toledo. Ohio, by F. J. Choue'y & Co. Testimonial* free.  Sold by Dm<?giFts, p ice 7fc. per bottle.  Hall's Family Pilis are the b������sf������  YOURSELF FROM ALL IMPURITIES, BY USING  It is pur.' and always, the same.    Lead  u���������,packages, 2$> 40, 50, & 60c.  Pays the'  ���������<   Best  Price for  SOP^AP,  LEAD.  Rfl ft P i SI f! and 8heet MetaI Works-  U������ni������M KOOFIXG SI^ATB, in Black,  Red or Grcon SI<A.TE BTiAOKBOARDa (We supply  PSbHo and High SchooK Toronto) KooflnB Felt, Pitch,  RJS T*r etc ROOriKG TILE (Sco New City Bmld-_  fagt fSSnto! done by o-ir firm) ketal Ceiling,., Cor-  meek cto Estimites furuished for work compote or for  fnSterfala sMiVped to an v part of the country. Phone 1933  b DUTHJB ������S0NS, AcJelalda&Widmer St8.,Toronto.  RERS.  Only institution m Canada for the cine o!  e\ory phase of speech defroE   Established  ' lr. Toionto. 1890.   Cure guaranteed.  "9 Pembroke St., Toronto,' Canada.  " THE -TRIUMPH^7" .fEBm \  ADJUSTABLE STOVE PIPES, l5*'^5*  Ensy put up r.nd taken down.   Can  be cleaned, nested, and put auray in  a small bpace. Ask your dealers for  them.   Manufactured by , .  G. B. BARCLAY,   t~>  168 Adelaide 5t.V/., Toronto.  SHIP YOUR  And otVer Produce to  The DAWSON COMMISSION CO., Limjted.  PAID UP CAPITAL,    - -"-    $30,000.  Cor. West Market & Colfeorne St., Toronto.  Rubber   Stamps  and- S lipping  Card3 supplied.   Correspondence invited  received the high*.  ���������������t awards attba   '  World'* Fair 18931^.  OCHBOY'S PATEMT  A ROLLER TOPS "^  hare cmot -wita ���������  each anirereal fa- -.>  ror,   that  other^l  mannfaotarera^  are now maklnc v|  inforlor   imitaw^  ���������ns.    ������������������ -j.   ' -X'V.  Insist on haTing] ���������' I  the.Conboy make ^  as imitations arev;.  never as good. ��������������� >  the genuine.' -   -'  ATLANTIC CITY, N. J.  OPEN  ALL THE YEAR. " /���������-,/ "''���������  ^ FINESTJ HOTEL ON THE COAST* T  Son parlor 300 feet long overlooking ,  ocean  and beach' esplanado.    Vaouuin^l  ���������team'   heating system.     Elevator ]po'<'  street' level,   Hot and cold,7 fresh' and;  salt  water  in   all - baths. .  Roomaen,"  suite/baths attached. > -' ~p\."-* '\������'  JAMES B. REILLY, Owner and Proii;;.|  Royal Mail Steaiiisliip ^Co.,;  Montreal to Liverpool.    '  Steamers sail from Montreal every Tlmrsdo*"  morning on arrival of trains from Toronto ana  the West about'9 o'clock.  - RATES OF PASSAGE    ',   ~   -  Cabin 952.50 and upwards;   Second Cabin "  134 and   and ������36.25: Steerage to Liverpool  London,   Glasgow.   Belfast.   Londonderry, or  Qucenst-own ������22.50 and $23.50.  ���������   A reduction of Ave per cent, is allowed on  round trip first and second cabin licketa.    For  sailings of steameis or other information apply  to any authorized agent.  H. Bonrlier, 1 Kins St. W. Toronto*  orE&A Allan. MontreaL   '  TriE^iVjONEY^AKEn '  Ribbing ,  Machine  NET-  CASH  KS^-TTIiyG  ^_IV1ACHIIMES,  OLD AND RELIABLB  Ectabllshed 1*72  THIS W FOR YOU���������  Clothe your family from head  to foot with oar  ��������������������������� MONEY MAKER  Prices only CIS, .$20 S30.  CKEELMAS BROS., Georgetown, Oat.  FOR  TTFCWRITCRS WRITE US.  ���������zm  <5&gigi������s8&gs2B&3>  amfteHH&ti&^&m  What?  ������Ver BOO are taslrjg Vt 1^ Mairii^oi^-  Rgmoves Dandruff in One Week.  Cores Itching of the Scalp.  f^yents BreaKing of Haih  Stops falling Out  ^0SIT8VELY   OROW8  SW0BR TtSTIMONl^LS SEHT F5EC  ss  ������������.  B������ttle fi?om Brugfgists, ������r o������  receipt of parico to  Cook If g Co., iosdoa, ������at/^o^ |  SURE!  <^^  ^^r  am ���������ISSUED EVKRY'SATyRBA?.--  JWPjWMMIII     |     J.;       ^    ,;, ,.     .       ��������� , ..II.     I.  M.  -U' '-'.J v.-        ��������� ��������� .-,    ..      '     .J -i  E,  Blsf.ett E/ittop.  ���������'  Sulacribers      failing      to   receive    Thb  . fSTEWf) regularly will confer a favor by notifying toe Office.  The columns of The Npwg are open to all  jrho w^sh to express therein Jriews on matt*  Ari of public interest.  Wkjle we do not hold ourselves respon i-  fcle for the utterances of correspondents* we ,  jrewrve   the right   - oi   declining  to insert���������  oonvnonieationB unnecessarily personally,  ^y When wrjtipjj communications to  this paper, jyjUTE on one side only of  paper used."  Printers ni> jf 6t turn p.opy.  THE SIJJSNCE OF LOVE,  OU, inexpressible as sweet.  Love takes my voice away;  I cannot fell thee when we meet,  What must I long to say.  But hadsjt thou hearing in thy heart  To know what beats in, mine,  Then shouldst thou walk, where'er  thou art,  In melodies diving.  ������LMS ,AND IyYJNG.  Jw" Advertisers ^ho wan$ ti^eir ad  ^hanged, should get copy in by  ������3 a.m. day Ttjafore issue.  .1  ���������h^t  SATURDAY,   JUNE   10th;  1S99.  r-3-s  The Review says things in plain  English.    The labor party jri   Na-  jaaimo have plenty of money,   Jtmt  Jt seemi The Review (didn't  get   a  lair share, sp the editor has 4e.cided  '���������  to do as he pleases   in future, "offense or no offense."    Of course the  , Review used tp advocate the   cause  pf the laboring classes pri principle  srf;he cash principle.  So warbling birds lift higher  notes  Than to our ears belong;  The   music   fills   their   throbbing  throats,  But silence eteals the song.  THE THREE WAYS.  Upon the journey of my life I  came unto a place where the road  branched out into three ways, and  I knew not which to choose.  Before me stretched a fair, broad  path whereon were many wayfarers, and I asked of one that was  about to tread it, "What path is  this ? "  He answered with kindling eyes,  "It is the path of art."  "And   what, lieth   at   the   end  The peace conference bids fair to ...  Grid as   most   people   expected   it   hereof for guerdon?"  , '    .       ,.      _.. .   . He answered. "Fam������.w  would���������in talk. The commissioners are beginning to quarrel among  themselves^ All pf whipl? goes to  show that 'each for himself will  continue to ftp the motto pf mankind fpr some time to come.*  He answered, "Fame.1  When all my soul was hot within me to folllow, but I bethought  me of the other paths, and I delayed my choice yet a little while. I  turned my eyes upon the road  that lay unto the right; and be-  hold, it was shaded on either side  Last week week we   made   some   with, fair green branches.    It seem-  reference to street   improvements.   ed'in sooth> a goodly road   to   fallow, and many were ������h������y that tra  inee then, our attention has   been  t  palled to the condition. of sqme of  ������he back streets where fpr want of  proper drajpage the sewage is allowed tp run tp run across tfye road I  versed it. I asked of a wayfarer,  "What road is this?"  And he answered me, "It is  Love's road."  "And what, I pray thee, lieth   at  and lodge down by the  houses   on   the end of it?" I questioned him.  the lower side. It is not necessary  to point out the menace, suph a  condition of things is to public  health at any time.    Muph mere is I  $!ub the case in hot weather, and it  js tp be hoped that the City Coun-  pil wilj see to \% that the state of  the ptree$ referred to as well as others will fce remedied forthwith,  He answered, "Pain."  Nevertheless did this road seem  unto my enchanted eyes yet more  alluring than the first road, and  I  The people pf this dis. fcict will be  pleased to learn that arrangements  Jiave been completed whereby there  will be constructed at   once a   fish  ladder at the big falls oh the Court  enay   River.    Mr.   John   McNab,  Inspector of Fisheries   for   British  golumljia, has during this and the  preyipus week been energetically en  gfrge4 i?i attending to all the details,  fphepe wi|l be constructed   on   the  ��������� Jeft banl^ of the r|ver just above  |he falls, a large ditch or water way  fhrougj^ which water from the riyer  will be carried. At the end pf this  artifipiaj waterway will b(e placed a  ladder gr ghute such that the salmon ascending ihe river may easily  plimb. Thpueands o; salmon ascend  ������he Cqur^gnay River every year but  npver get aboye the almost perpendicular    falls,     Puntledge    Lake,  ��������� $e    source    pf     the     ������ourtenay  ��������� Irivpr,  is   naturally   adapted     for  Salmon ap4 the spawning grouiKls  are mar^y, Befpre this year vyill  have passed the lake will become  filled with salmon and their frv.  The work that is being done under  the plans of Mr. McNabb is carrying out the promise of Mr. Mcln  j^gg M. Pt made in 1896.  had already put-my foot upon it to  follow it, when I remembered me  of that other path; and I delayed  a moment longer,  Upon this road, the one that   lay  to the left of me, I cast my eyes.   It  was a dim and narrow path   leading into the far distance.     It   was  but sparsely traveled; and even, of  those that set foot upon it, but few  kept on theii way.    For the   most  part they turned again, and choosing one of the other roads, put   the  thought of "the way that they   had  tried to follow out of their   minds  forever.    And of those that did not  turn there were some that dropped  by the wayside.  I met a traveler fleeing with his  eyes upon the way of Love, and I  asked him,   'What road is this ? "  And he answered shudderingly,  ^It is the path of Duty."  Then I said unto him, "What lieth at the end thereof as guerdon?"  And he answered, "The unknown.  It is a cold, dim, desert path, and  there is no end unto it, save only  Death."  Then did I turn my  back   upon  the path of Art and   the   path   of  Love, and set my   face   unto   the  way of   Duty; and   why   I   have  chosen ihus I dp not know,  but in  the watches of the night,  when   all  false values fade  away,   and   good  and evil stand forth clearly revealed, my soul approves my choice.  Elizabeth C... Cardozo,  From literature - we   Learn   that  civilized peoples had no very   high  regard for the truth.    The old Testament did not forbid lying  except  to one's  neighbor.    Isaac   resorted  to ah' intentional  falsehood   when  he tpld King Abimelech that Rebec  ca later induced Jacob to lie to his  father and thereby gain the  birthright that belonged to his   brother.  But Jacob wos afterward   paid   in  his own, coin, for, after he had   la-  tbred seven long years for   Hachel  according to his contract,   Laban  gave him, in>tead  of   Rachel,   her  weak-eyed sister.    Paul was  somewhat of a liar, for he   said   "If the  truth of God hath more abounded  through my lie unto His glory, why  yet am I also judged as a sinner ?"  With such examples, is it   strange  that some Jews   of   modern   times  resort to lies?   The   Orientals   are  persistent liars.    The Hindoos and  East Indians are   also, proverbial  liars.     Their literature aobunds in  lies, and in it lying is oommended.  Many persons who fail   as   Jiars  would succeed admirably   if   they  would only bear in mind a few sim  pie rules and the qualifications ne������  cessary to produce an  ariistic liar.;  There must be quickness of   obser>  vation, vivid imagination,'great natural assurance,   and   tenacity   of  memory.     If any of these elements  are lacking, the liar will ultimately  disgrace himself and   deserve   and '  receive the censure   of   intelligent  persons.   rRuickness of obs������rvation  will enable one to know   when   to"  lie to whom to lie; a vivid imagination will enable him to invent the  proper lie;:'sufncient natural assurance will give force to   it;   and   a  tenacious memory willjmable  him"  to remembers what "falsehoods   he  has told, and to whom,   and   prevent him from convicting himself.  An amusing story of injudicious  lying was recently told in the newspapers.    Years ago the wife  of   an  American diplomatist was in   Peking with her husband, who   was   a  member of the United States   legation;    The French Minister was on  . very friendly terms with  the lady,  and one very warm day he  rode   a  long distance to  keep   an   engagement with her.    She did not   wish  to be disturbed,  and   the   Chinese  servant refused   him   admittance.  The Frenchman told   the   servant  he had come   a   long   distance   to  keep his engagement and explained  who he was.     But the lady said to  her servant, "Tell him I cannot see  him; it is too  hot   to   talk.    Tell  him anything to get rid   of   him;  tell him I am dead."    The servant  repeated   the   message    verbatum,  which   was   unnecessary,   as    the  Frenchman had heard  every  word  through the   lattice.    When* next  he met the lady it was in Washington, and he  refused  to   recognize  her or be presented to her,   on   the  ground that when  he   last   heard  from her she was dead, and he  did  not desire to be a resurrectionist.���������  Self Culture.  WJ3 ARE PREPARED  TO TURN OUT EVERY  THING   IN   THE   LINE  OF JOB   PRINTING   TO  PLEASE THE EYE AND  SUIT THE   TASTE    AT  uREASONABLE     PRICES  SUNDAY SERVICES  TRINITY CHURCH.���������Services in  the evening. Rev. J. X. Willemar,  rector. ��������� '  METHODIST CHURCH.-Services  at the usual hours morning and evening  Epworth   League meets at the close of  evening service.   Sunday School at 2:30.  Rev. W. Hicks, pastor.  ST.  GEORGE'S   PRESBYTERIAN  CHURCH.���������Services at 11   a.m. and,  7 p rru Sunday   School  at  2:30.    Y. P.  S. C. K. meets at  the  close  of evening  service.    Rev. W. C.  Dodds, pastor.  r 1  St. John's Catholic Church���������Rev.  J. A. Durand, Pastor. Mass on Sundays  8:30 or 11 o'clock a. m. Notice of hoar  give* each Saturday.  Cumberland  Hotel���������      '-'  COR. DUNSMUIR AVENUB  AND     SECOND     STREET,'.  CUMBERLAND, B. C.'4.  Mrs, J. H. Piket, Proprietress. /  When in Cumberland be sura. \  and stay at the Cumberland .-  Hotel,  .First-Class  Accomoda*  tion for transient and perman-v '  ent boarders.  Sample Rooms and  Public Half  Run in Connection  with   Hotel,  - mi  Rates from $1.00, to $2.00 per day,  ^sg^jggssggge^^^e^aaa^^^g  fiarriUEl J. Pigrcu  m  Milk, Butter, Egge, and Farm fi  ���������in-  CORPORATION OF THE    CITY  OF CUMBERLAND.  ^Amendment to Sec. 18 of the Trades License By-Law from any transient trader or  other person or persons who oecupies premi>  ses in the oity for temporary periods,   and  who may offer new goods or merchandise of  any description for sale by auction   or   any  other manner, or to solicit orders   for   any  goods to be manufactured   or. made,   and  ready goads, to be afterwards - delivered   by  himself or any other person in   addition   to.  any   '. other    license  , before      mentioned ������ sum not exceeding ($100) one  hundred  dollars for every six months or part thereof,  and not less than ($50) fifty dollars for   any  six months.  Read  1st time  April  10th,    1899  "^Read gnd time  April T4th,    1899  Re������d 3rd time   May     8th,    1809  Reoonsiilered and finally passed May 19, '99  WESLEY WILLARD,     L. W. MJNN8.  , Chairsjax. (d q.c M. 6.      .  Produce supplied daily. (I  SATISFACTION GUARANTEED  000000000 oobooooobb  PVJijE MILK.  Delivered daily by us in Cumberland  and Union.    Give us a trial.   :       .    .  HUGH GRANT & SON.  I am  prepared   to O  q     furnish Stylish Rigs ������  O     and do Teaming at O  O     reasonable rates/  gD: KILPATRIGK.  o Cumberland o  ooooooood 0000000600  o  o  '4  Espimalt & Nanaimo. Ry. ,  For Your Job  Printing  GIVE US A   TRIAL.  WE PRINT  Letter Heads, Note Heads, Bill  Heads, Envelopes, Business  Cards, Shipping Tags, Posters,  Handbill, Dodgers, Circulars,  Funeral Notices, etc.,  AT   VERY    LOWEST   PRICES  FOB SALE.  FOR   SALE,���������101   acres   of land   near  Courtenay.    App y at this office.  FOR    SALE.���������Valuable      property     in  Cumberland.    For further  information ap-  ly to News Office.  Steamship City of Nanaimo will sail, as  follows, calling at way ports as freight and  passengers may offer.  rLeave Victoria for Nanaimo  Tuesday 7 a.m,  4'   Nanaimo for Comox,  Wednesday 7 a.m,  Comox for Nanaimo  Friday 8 a.m  ���������      Nanaimo for Victoria,  Saturday 7 a.m,  .OB Freight tickets  and Stateroom   apply on board,  GEO. I*. COURTNEY,  V  if  ���������i\  Trainee Manager.     ,4  COTJRTEN.'A Y  Directory.  COTJRTENAT HOUSE,  Calrum, Proprietor.  A.   S.   Uq,  GEORGE   B.    LEIGHTON,     Black;    %{  smith and Carriage Maker.  B  Union ~Bi*ewer j.  Presh Larger -Beep' ^^Rovi^  STEAM���������Beer,   Ale,   and   Porter.  A reward pf $5.00 will be paid for information  leading  to conviction  of  persons witholding or destroying any  kegs  belonging  to this  company,  HENRY BEIFEL,   Manager.  w  Independence . .  The man who buys Shorey's Ready Tailored  Clothing looks and feels independent. His apparel is  just as stylish as thought he liad paid a high, price to a  swell tailor. His appearance is a recommendation if he  is seeking employment. The simple fact that he is wearing Shorey's  Clothing is proof of his  well-balanced  judgement.    And the guarantee "card he finds in the pocket of each garment makes  him independent of all risk.  The clothes must satisfy him, or he can have his money back.  m  For ������aje by Steyenson & Co.  .'���������- ���������..���������!'. T~  rzm&z  H l|f,H'r**ywlfg1KB  '���������  (M  mmzf-f  Jin u  WW  *P*P  ARTIFICIAL   FERTILIZERS ANP  HOW SO USE THFM..  By J. XL Andorsoft.  w   2tead at the Regular Meeting: of th*  Comox Farmers'   Institute)  May 18th;  1899.  \ '\      (Continued.)  Phosphorous pceurs'. in "nature always combined with other, elements,  ly at a conclusion as to the   wants  of his land.  After all/ihe surest way   of   ol>  taining the point is by   actual  experiments, and any farmer   should  make them on his own,farm by apt-  plying $ne different fertilizing .materials in.different proportions," on-  different plots of land,   bearing   in  mind the crops that ha^e been previously taken off the land.    For instance, if potatoes and other potash  I .When combined with  calcium- or j consuming crops have been   raised,  |J} lime it is ealled phosphate of lime ;   then potash' is required, in   greater  V! it is present in various forms in all  proportion on "that particularfield,  k   soils and is insoluble in that  form,   hut that does not prove that an ad-  t\ By treating phosphate of lime with   joining tract of   land   which   has  .'        11 ��������� _      ��������� _1 ' _  ~L-t  -<     WAV..     Vu>nr<       Ai  A PARABLE,  And it came to pass that after he tia 1  advertised his goods there came unto him  great multitudes from all the region  round about, and did buy of him. And  when his competitors saw it they marveled among themselves, saying: "How be  it that tins man' is busy, while we loaf  about our doors?!' And -he spake unto  them saying: "Verily, verily, I say unto'  you, in this fast age of push and rustle, it  is easier for a camel to enter the eye of a  , .' - ''  needle than for a business man to nourish  without advertising."  " Printers' Ink.  The Cumberland News  ;sulphuric acid^   a   portion  of Hhe'  {{6 lime is removed from the phosphate'  IU And unites with the sulphuric acid,  flk forming sulphate of lime,  in addition to the soluble phosphate/ and'  ^ the mixture of these  two   substan-  ,, ces forms what is known  and sold  it'' "  \'as superphosphate of lime, in which  ��������� t ' Ct 5_i  El  form it is available as plant   food,  Iy containing from 12 to 16   per cent  lv of soluble phosphoric acid. - Ano h-  f er form of phosphates; is -whatJ is  ] known as Thomas Slag, " and  also  under other names. 0 This is a   by  product formed in the manufacture  J of .iron and steel from certain kinds  I) of iron ore containing phosphorous  Pi compounds, j  It is used in the form  of a fine powder whicn contains between 19 and 20 per cent of  total  phosphoric acid but with only   six  to seven per cent available as plant  ^food. ,  Potassium likewise occurs in nature combined with other element?,  v -o  and forms,   when   combined   with  i- , ���������  f chlorine (a poisonous gas) what is  J> called, muriate^ of   potash';  .wfrett  i������', combined with suiphuric-acid, it is  ti called sulphate of potash, and when  i( and phen combined with nitric acid  it forms nitrate, of potash,   or   saltpetre.    Muriate of potash,  a   product of some German mines, is the  main source of supply, it is purified before it is put on   the   market  and contains in that form from  50  to 53 per cent   of  actual   potash.  ���������I v. Sulphate of potash is also   a   product of German mines.   The strictly, ly pure article contains   about   54  per cent of actual potash   and  low  IL grades as little as 30 per cent.    Nitrate of potash, or saltpetre, is used  so extensively in the   manufacture  of gun-powder.khat it is   rendered  r jtoo expensive for use as a fertilizer,  so it need not be< considered.   Kain  it is the most common product   of  ���������. tne German potash mines.    It con-  /tains from 23 to 26 per cent of sulphate of potaah,  equivalent   to 12  m-to 14 per cent actual potash, about  k  35 per cent of   common   salt   and  gome other substances.  It is not always an easy   matter  to determine   with   any degree  "of  accuracy even by chemical   analysis the exact constituents in   which  |soils are deficient, inasmuch as un-  fder the most careful analysis it   is  [not. alwaos possible to say   exactly  what proportions of plant food are  ^available.     An analysis may show  fjfchat the soil isrich in every constituent necessary for the   growth   of  [plants, but unless it gives the  proportion of available plant food it is  pf liitlle practical use-to'the farmer.  [But in making   these   remarks  do  yfot let me be misunderstood as   to  Ithe value of analysing soils.     It is  ���������.Without doubt, of the very greatest  [jitility to the intelligent agriculturist in helping him to arrive  quigk. -  been differently   treated,   requires  I. >  the same proportion of fertilizers.  It must be remembered, however,  that there are a ' variety  of  conditions which may   serve   to   retard  the healthy growth of crops even in  soils rich in nitrogen,   potash  and  phosphoric acid   in   an   available  forms: such for instance   as  want  of porosity, drainage  and  humus,  caking of soil, unfavorable weather  and a variety of causes which may  affect the mechanical, or   physical  conditions of the soil.    These unfa-  yourable conditions can .of  course  be overcome by intelligent methods  of farming, and-if the soil   is   well  provided with available plant, food  it should yield good crops.    If,  on  the other hand it is found that   the  crops under   favorable   conditions  deficient in any, respect, it must be  attributed to the deficiency of   one  or more of the plant   foods  in   an  available form, and   although" no  fixed rule can be given, the farmer  may form an opinion on* this, important point in sfcgeneral yay^byuipb--  serving the suggestions  offered   by  the crops themselves  for   instance.  [TO BE CONTINUED.]  0. H. FECHNER.  LEADING   BARBER  and..  TAXIDBBMIST  Keeps a Large Stock  - of Fire ^Arms, Amuni-  tion and Sporting  Goods of all descriptions.      ,  ,    ,' ���������'  Cumberland,     B. C.  has  an   extensive   circulation; hot   only  THROUGHOUT CoMOX DISTRICT but all OVer  the Dominion.    We have subscribers iii  all the large cities  of Canada, and  can  T r  thus offer patrons  CT.  ]\^oir_iEOic  General Teaming , Powder  Oil, Etc., Hauled. Wood  in Blocks Furnished.  SCAVENGER WORK DONE  Society    Cards  Hiram Looge No 14 A.F .& A.M.,B.C.,  '    Courtenay B. C.  Lodge meets on every Saturday on or  I before the full of the moon  Visiting Brothers   cordially requested  to attend.  ,. ,  i-  R.S. McConnell,      .  '  *���������        ".K     -o<  1        'm v���������.- Secretary. -  Medium..  Qiit  rates are if{pdepate  .,oivb ua.i  a. Trial  r<~   'st  A LITANY.  Not from the   dangers   that   beset  our path;  From storm or   sudden   death   or  pain or wrath,  We pray deliverance;  But from the envious eye, the narrow mind, -  Of those that are the vultures  of  mankind}  Thy aid advance.  Not at the strong man's   righteous  rage or hate;  But at the ambushed malice  laid  in wait,  Thy strength arise;  At*those whoever seek to spot   the  fair,  White   garment   of   a    neighbor's  character  With mud of lies.  Not from the   good   intentions   of  the fool,  The honest enemy or unjust rule,  Or flame or sword;  But from the venomed   word,   the  slanderous guess,  From envy and uncharitableness,  Deliver us good Lord!  ���������Theodoaia Pickering Garrifon.  ��������� Cumberland Encampment.  ������  No. 6,  I. O: O. F.,   Union.   , .  Meets every alternate   Wednesdays ot  each month at 7:30 o'clock p.m.  Visiting  Brethren cordially invited to attend.       ���������''  (. Chas. Wkyte, Scnbe.^  I    O    O.   F.  Union Lodge, No. 11, meets every  Friday night at 8 o'clock. Visiting breth  ren cordially invited to attend.  F. A. Anley, R. S.  \?  <t  THE  TREES  FRT7IT and  OBNAMENTAXi  Balba, Roses, Hollies, Rbodoendrons, etc.,  far spring planting. Thousands growing on  my own grounds. Most complete stock in  the province. Neir catalogue now ready.  Call or address M. J. HENRY, 604 Westminster Road, Vancouver, B. O.  ���������  PURE  MILK  delivered by. me daily in Cumberland  and  Union.    A share of patronage is solicited.    '  JAMES REID.  PBOFESSI02TAL,  . . L. P. Eckstein . .  Barrister, Solicitor,  Notary Public  CUMBERLAND, B.    C.  Subscription  $2.00  a  year.  DENT"  INDEPBN-  TO     SAtl  NEWS" IS  ENOUGH  WHAT IT BELIEVES TOr.BB  RIGHT EVERY TIME, AND  ITS COLUMNS ARE OPEN TO  ALL CORRESPONDENTS, WHO  FEEL LIKE DOING THE SAMS  Equal rights for all.   Special pri?*  ileges for none.  Job Printing  For Sale  One "STEWART BANJO"  and one "COLUMBIA ��������� GUITAR," both new. Anyone  wanting a Banjo or. Guitar  would get a bargain in purchasing one of these fine instruments.  Chas. Segrave, Local  Agent, Cumberland.  YARWOOD  &   YOUNG.  BARRISTERS and SOLICITORS  Cerner..of Bastion and Commercial  Streets, Nanaimo, B, C.  Branch Office, Third Street and Dunsmuir  Avenue, B. C.  Will be in Union the 3rd  Wednesday  of  each month and remain ten days.  NOW READY  WILLIAMS  B.  C.  DIRECTORY  ���������For 1899���������  PUBLISHED  ANNUALLY  The Largest and Most  Complete   Directory yet published for Uiitish   Columbia.  Contains over 1000 pages of all  .the latest    informatiorlP"  PRICE   $500  To be obtained direct from the Directory  Offices, Victoria, the Agents, or P. O.  Box 485; Victoria. B. C.  We have a good job  plant and good printers,  and we are prepared to  do neat and attractive  work in  SHORT ORDER.  We wont do J oh  Work for nothing.  Tiiat'*   not   what  The Hews-ls here  for. Snt we guarantee  PRICE t  On the Farm.  \J  ,      HINTS  FOB BUTTER-MAKING.  The. governors of the  -Munster (Ireland)/-Dairy School    and ' Agricultural Institute! recently issujed some very  terse' directions for    making    butter,  ,  which may be of interest and( value to  dairymen  on jthis side   of the   water:  .,    The  first  essential to   good butter-  making 'is through cleanliness, as dirt  , either on the cow, in the*, dairy, or on  the  utensils is sure,  sooner or  later,  eeriously  to affect the   butter.  Before milking,  moisten    tbje cow's  .  udder  with a little clean,   cold water,  , end dry 'with! a rough, clean cloth having previously rubbed the right flank  'and udder    with a wisp  of clean hay  or straw, so as to prevent  any loose  / tmir/.or dirt getting  into the  milk.  Miik quickly and gently, having previously washed, the hands. Dipping the  fingers into! the milk is a filthy practice, and results in    a . constant dripping of dirty  liquid into    the    milk,  causing the milk to turn sour* and bad  very rapidlly.  Milk the last" drop  from each cow.  The udder of each cow should be stripped after the general   milking is fin-  L  leh'ed. i   '-'-s \ ���������    ."     _',-���������,       i'  Strain the milk from each cow immediately after milking, through a few  folds of clean muslin and into acool-  ' er; which should .be' always kept, where  possible, outside the ; cow-house and  away from the manure heap. When all  are milked, set at once in tinned iron  . 'shallow pans, at a   depth ,of from/ two  ������ i t ������  ��������� to four inches in summer, and! four to  six, inches in winter.  To .obtain the best results from shal-  *, low setting, -the milk should, be1 set directly it is taken from the cow.  The dairy 6hould be kept as nearly  as possible at a temperature'of 58 'deg.,  and should be dry, well ventilated, and  surrounded by pure air.  Skim off the cream with' a tin skimmer at the end of 'twelve Shours; but as  all the cream will not have risen in this  .time, the milk should be again skimmed   at the end of   another    twelve  hours,  and finally after  a  third period of twelve hours   'has elapsed,   or  ' three times in thirty-six hours.     The  - skimmer should not be perforated, and  "Iin skimming no drops should bei allowed to fall back into the 'pan.   In taking  'off the   last "layer of    cream, special  "care-snould lie taken  not to  remove  -any skim-milk.'  -        w-  \    Stir    cream w$ll as each' skimming  ,1s added to the cream vessel, so as to  insure even ripening or souring. Never  *- mix sweet   with sour   cream immediately  before - churning,  as  this causes  some of the cream to escape with the  buttermilk.- All cream for    churning  ������ should.be mixed at least twelve/ hours  before churning.  To obtain    the    best  results, cream  .  should  be slightly  acid  for churning.  , As acidity develops    very    rapidly in  s summer, particular care should be tak-  . en   to retard  it  at the   proper stage.  If allowed to get too sour,  the flavor  and keeping quality of the butteri will  be    spoiled.  Keeping the cream cool by placing  the cream vessel in very cold water,  will prevent its getting too sour.  To sour or ripen cream for churning in winter.heat it the previous evening to a temperature of 65 deg. Fan.,  then add a little sour butter-milk or  skim-milk (free from any ~bad flavor);  wrap the cream vessele up in flannel  or brown paper to keep in the heat.  Next morning it should, be sufficiently  ripe.  The exact time when cream is ripe  can only be determined by the taste,  and a knowledge of the exact flavor  . indicating perfect ripeness by practice;  consequently,all butter-makers should  attend the lectures given in their  districts, to receive a fuller explanation of this important part of butter-  making.  To heat cream for ripening or churning, place the cream vessel in a larger vessel containing hot water not  exceeding 120 d.eg.; keep the cream  stirred "until the required temperature  is reached. Cream should be churned  as soon as ever the proper degree of  ripeness has been reached.  Before churning, bring tbte cream to  the proper temperature, which in summer should be from 52 deg.to 58 deg.,  and in winter from 58 to 62/ deg.  Strain the cream into the churn  through coarse straining or cheese  cloth  until half full.  Commence churning rather slowly at  first, ventilate frequently, increase the  speed gradually up to from 40 to 45  revolution's per, minute with' barrel  chu.rn,. and slow again towards'the finish. ~    ;v ���������,..; ���������  Great' attention should be paid to  the time for stopping the churning.  This should be, done <when the butter is  noticed to be' in very fine grains ���������  when it'presents the appearance of  very fine meal and,milk mixed. Some  very cold water should then he added,  to reduce, the temperature tp 55 deg.  This" hardens the grains and prevents  them gathering into a lump, and also  facilitates the removal of the buttermilk'. Churning may again go on until the grains are about as large as a  turnip seed. At this stage churning  should cease, as further churning will  not increase the yield, but will spoil  what is already made.  Draw off the buttermilk through a  half sieve; and pour on a sufficient amount of pure cold water to float .tbfe  grains well; give the churn a few  sharp Jrurns, after which draw off the j  CITY OF ��������� SAlN ' JTJA^,   PORTO  "RICO.  1  ��������� 1  '.-a    li "i  Civic Building- and Public Square.  water. If the butter is for keeping,  repeat this two or three times, otherwise one, or' at most two washingsr will  be quite enough. Too much washing takes away the delicate flavor of  the butter. ( ;  Take the butter from the churn  with the "wood, hands," mix the salt  lightly with it; then press two or three  times, either on' the butter worker or  on the keeler,; with the "wood' hands."  After this the butter should, be laid  aside in acobl place until sufficiently  hard, and to allow the salt'to dissolve.  At.the end of this time the working  may be finished; when the salt should  be thoroughly mixed, thus preventing streakinesss, and all superfluous  water removed. The dry-sal ting of  butter, as contrasted with using brine,  should always be followed.  ' The granular condition of the butter  should be preserved throughout the  whole, process of working. This can be  done "by-working the butter with a  pressing, not a rubbing or drawing,  action���������rubbing or drawing spoils the  texture. Any injury to the grain  spoils the flavor, appearance and keeping quality of the .butter.  Never use the hands in working butter. The heat of the hands will spoil  the flavor and texture, and the insensible perspiration coming from th]e  skin will decompose the butter. ,  -,Th'e regulation of the ttemperature by  the use of the thermometer is of- the  greatest importance, and as a thermometer costs but' a shilling,' no dairy  should be without one.  Butter should be packed while firm  into neat, white wood packages, free  from smell and flavor of any kind.and  lined with thef best vegetable parchment. A neat and clean package not  only  appeals at once to  the eye,  but  with' bushes, "weeds, and shrubs which'  usually come "up in the following years..  It is desirablei to get th|e cleared land  in grass-as soon, as possible.'When it  is once seeded down it may! be pastured with sheep "all through the summer,  not only without injuring-the grass,  but positively .benefiting it, as ..the  sheep will devote most of their time to  trimming down the bushes arid ... eating the leaves^which shade the land. *To  shrubbery,, an excess of sheep should  be put in- the' cleaned lot,* "and these  must be fed some (grain, so as to, make  their' browse diet "digest better.  ual court with temporal power. Though ! Roman emperor/ about a,century later,.  BEGINNINGS WITH POULTRY. ,  - The domestic fowl is very prolific,  and a flock can- be made to increase  rapidly if caret is given. To 'begin- with  five hundred or a thousand ^ hens require large capital at the start," as, the  fowls must' be purchased and suitable  buildings prepared, but'it is riot difficult to secure large flocks on' limited  .capital if the beginning is" made with,  a few and the number gradually increased, , as l*the _ increase of the flock  is also an increase of capital. A flock  of hens returns ���������an income daily, thus  assisting to provide capital at -. the  start. 'A ..    '"    "    J'~"V,. "���������  LIMIT OF VICTORIA'S POWER.  Site Is an Autocrat Itut There U Much S It  Cannot 1>o.  Considerable as are the  powers    of*  the   Queen,   they, are   not    unlimited,  There axe some    very curious restrio-  enhances very much! the value of good I tions on  the royal prerogative.     The  butter. When a firkin id not filled at  once, the top layer of the butter already in it Ishbuld be scraped off before  adding a new lot! of butter.  If a barrel churn is used, see that  the hole for drawing off the buttermilk is at the opposite side from thje  opening through which the cream is  placed in the churn; have also tinned;  shallow pans, "wood hands" for making butter and for , taking it from  churn; a keeler, thermometer, and     a  her decision is absolute after a prisoner has been sentenced,l she could not  interfere with the course of justice before" the sentence has.been-passed,- nor.  could she exert any influence over < the  judges. 'Neither could she interfere in  a* case* of private1 las opposed toi \public  wrong. " ' - ., '      "  .,The .Queen is the only person who  cannot arrest a suspected felon. No  action can be taken against her for  breaking the law, and therefore she is  precluded from making an, arrest, as,  supposing the suspected prisoner were  innocent, no action tor1 false imprisonment could be taken against her Majesty. The' law, indeed, 'assumes that  the Queen can do no wrong, which  seems about as absurdi as the legal assumption, that' the' Queen cannot be  under age and cannot die.  . The Queen cannot exclude a, member from Parliament after he has been  duly elected, nor can she delegate the  duty of signing laws to any one.  The Queen's   power of disposing   of  , territory ,4n time ofl peace, has been  disputed. In time of war her Majesty  could hand over London to France- to  .bring the war, to1 an end, but it seems  clear that in time of peace her Majesty  cannot subject any part of the Empire to the,sway of a foreign, power.  Queein cannot, for instance, communicate with her subjects as can the  most menial of her servants; nor can  she receive presents from her people  save through officers of state or  friends personally known to her Majesty.  The Queen could sell  or give away    the royal navy   or   declare   war   with  supply of cfe^in muslin for straining. [ Russia; but she could . -not spend a  In large dairies a butter-worker should j single farthing of public money withal ways be provided. " ,, ���������out the consent of Parliament.     The  All milk vessels and muslin  should ��������� -    - .  be used as soon as possible after using j Queen has no power over taxation,  by first rinsing in cold water, then , and could not create any new office  washing with hot water, and finally ; witn ������ees attached to it. Neither  scalding with   boiling    water.      After i ^^   ghe   annex    Qew   fees    to   oW  this the vessels should b,e thoroughly  dried and put out in the air. iThei churn  before being used should be first scalded with boiling water, then scrubbed  with salt, and rinsed with cold water.  GREEN FOOD FOR STOCK.  In summer   the!   pasture is severely  taxed, not only to provide for a large  herd,  but also to make   growth when  the land has not been supplied with | bathbreaking, and in it it 4s distinefc-  plant food, in-the form of manure or j \y stated that the. monarch cannot  fertilizer.  Some farmers    relieve    the   pardon offenders who have  been con-  annex new-  offices. She could not increase the  wages of one of her footmen, ' unless  she didL it out of her private funds  or without exceeding the allowance  made to her by Parliament,  A curious curtailment of the royal  prerogative is effected by* an act of  Parliament passed in the (reign of  George III.   This act deals    with Sab-  - HORSES IN HISTORY.  The  Noble Animal lias riayed   Many lm*  uorlant   Parts.  - It is hard to say with any near,approach to accuracy how dong the horse  has been a domesticated animal. We  can enly'sa'y that ihe. has beeiA so from  time immemorial���������that is from the earliest time of, which W have any. records. The Assyrian sculptures���������and  they"are about the most ancient of  j which we know anything, for some of  them are estimated to date from 4200  B. C.���������contain more representations of  caparisoned horses than even men. Still, Irish; Jn co]or iron ffmy> hc v>ras' rBm  we do not get any examples otf, favor- puted by judges , of horseflesh���������and  ite horses until a long'time, after this. ! there were  soine"who  were  quite   as  Even the first examples, indeed, are competent  to give  an   opinion   if not  ,, . more so���������as any of the present dav���������to  only legendary, for though there is no bc absolutely without blemish, arid to  doubt that Hector of Troy, existed, it be  second  to   none.     Another  famous  lis not improbable that Homer invent- horse, or rather mare, was-Black Bess  I    ,   ,,, ���������        p  ,.      tu   f������������������^���������:j��������� Her owner, Dick Turpin, or, to give him  jed  the    names of  his    three favorue hia ^^ uam6> ^^ c^m^t(ed   a  [ horses, Poderge, the creain-colored Ga-  latha and the fiery Ethon. But the  horse of Alexander the Great, Bucephalus, .is an individual as historically  treated his horse almost as extravagantly. He fed - him with ��������� raisins-,,arid  almonds-with his "own hands)-and-when,  he ."'died - erected' a statue of: gold ta-  hirn, while all' the) dignitaries of th������  empire attended the' funeral. W'l - .   /- '  .As we-comcto laten-times, so we get'  more examples of favorite horses. Wil-  laim the Conqueror had one .which ha;  rode at the battle of Hastings, about  which'almost everything * seems to be  known  except  his  name.    He was of  huge size and was a present from King  Alfonso of Spain���������'/.such  a gift   as,, a  prince might  give  and  a -prince   receive." This gallant horse, however, did  not survive, the battle, for Gyrth, Haf- '  olds -butcher, "clove him with a bill,  and ha died.", Richard T.'s horse; was  called Maleck, and was jet black. "He"  bore his master through the holy-war  and'arrived in England before him; in'  .fact, -he * survived     the   king, several  years..  The  second' Richard,- too,   had;  a> favorite horse, called Roan .Barbary,'  which" was supposed to be the     ; -r  ' , FINEST' HORSE IN EUROPE������ ;.  at that time, and it was on.-Roan Bar-  bary that"the' young king was*mounted .when the incidont wherein .Wat Tyler was stabbed by fthe"'Mayor ofi Wal-'  worth-took place.   :..'<',  About a century later- we get' tho  Wiars: of the Resets, and in the "many  battles" of that civil 'disturbance a couple of horses played important parts.  These belonged to the great Earl of  Warwick, the kingmaker. Histfirst was  Maleck, a 'beautiful gray, which he  rode at the battle 'of Tawton. It was  this horse whose death turned the,fortunes of th������ battlo, 'for Warwick, seeing that his men -were giving ground,  deliberately sprang from his favorite  horse and killed him. Then his men  knew that the kingmaker was prepared  to conquer, but not to fly. They rallied  and finally Avon th-^''battle.  There were two horses belonging to  highwaymen which were famous in  their,time. One of them belonged to  the celebrated knight of the road, Paul  Clifford, He was called Robin and wag  pasture from close and constant cropping by growing some kind of green  crop, such as sweet corn, oats, or sow  peas, the cattle being turned on the  crops when the plants are young in  order to take them off the pasture  long enough' to1 give the grass a start.  As the crops'.so grown can bef used at  any stage it requires but a short time  to provide such1 green food for the  stock. But little la.bor is required, the  land being stirred, with'-a.disc cultivator, and tlieV'seed- broadcasted, and the  land then rolled. The cost of such a  temporary crop is but. little, while,the.  rest that, is igiven the pastures will be  of great service to the plants. If there  is danger from trampling of the.green  food it nifty be cut and feel to the  cows. A mixture of oats and peas  broidvu^tad together, has long been  used by some farmers, but any kind of  green crop will answer, as the object is to take the cows off the pasture, and at the same time- provide a  substitute for grass in a manner not  to diminish the- yield of- milk by the  cows.  victe/d of a certa i a form of  . SABBATH BREAKING.  Yet her Majesty could pardon 99 per  cent, of all the prisoners in the land.  Though no act of Parliament is  complete until it has been signed by  the Queen, her Majesty is subject to  the laws that she signs, and cannot  issue a proclamation contrary to law,  If, for instance, it were the law of  England, that no train should travel  at a rate exceeding fifty miles an  hour, the Queen could not Issue a  proclamation exempting ��������� a certain-  train from the operation of the law.  Nor can her Majesty issue . a proclamation which would injure the community, such as, for example, a proclamation exempting a whole town or.  neighborhood : from serving on a  jury.  Though the Queen could recall    any  real as his master. The famous horse  was, says Plutarch, offered to Philip  for 13 talents, about ������2,158, but he  displayed so much viciousness that Alexander's father was about to send him  wway, when the young prince offered  to tame him. He agreed, 'in the event  of failure to forfeit the price of the  horse-and began by turning his head  to the sun, as he observed that the  horse was frightened at 'his own shadow. In the end he completely tamed  him���������so completely, indeed; that Bucephalus, though' he would permit nobody except Alexander to mount him  ALWAYS KNELT DOWN  for that purpose to his master. He died  at the age of 30, and his master built  ois his mausoleum the city of Buce-  phala.  Readers of Macaulay will remember  th.2 famous black Auster, the horse of  H'srminius, and the dark-gray charger  of Mamilius, whuse sudden appearance  in the city of Tusculum without his  master brought the news of the defeat of the allies at Lake Regillus. Connected with that battle, too, were the  horses of the great "twin brethren,"  Castor  and Pollux,  coal    black, with  SHEEP ON CLEARED LAND.  Wherever woodland is cleared a flock  of sheep is extremely valuable to.keep  the cleared soil from being overgrown  subject from abroad, she cannot com- white legs and tails. But those are  pel a subject to leave this country.'(iegend.ary. Not so, however, thewell-  This   disability   does not cease to. op-  known horse of Caligula, Incitatus. This  erate even in time of war, and,  though at such a time the .Queen  could call upon every able man to  take up arms, she could not force a  single civilian to leave the country*  even to carry, on a necessary war.  Her Majesty^ could riot set up- courts  suchj   as  :        THE STAR CHAMBER,  the child of Henry , VIl's.   misguided  genius, nor could she  invest a spirit-  animal had a.stable of marble ; his stall  was of ivory, his clothing of purple,  and his halters stiff with gems. He  had a set of golden plates and was  presented with a palace, furniture and  slaves complete, in- order, that guests  invited in his name should be properly entertained. His diet was the most  costly that coiuld be imagined, the fin-  robbery in London at 4 O'clock in tha  morning, and fearing discovery, made  for Gravesend, ferried across the river and appeared ati tho bowling green  in York, the same evening, having accomplished his"ridis.'of ,300 miles in, sixteen hours on one horse. At least, so  says the legend, and this is certain���������  that on his trial /he was acquitted, the  jury considering it impossble that he  could have got to York in that time.  COULDN'T BE  DONE.  At one of the .gatherings in an electoral campaign-Sir Ellis' Ashmead Bart-  lett was frequently interrupted by a  man in the body of- the hall who resented .his uncompromising remarks  upon political opponents... The knight  bore his trial with admirable good -  humor, till, seeing an opening for scoring  a point,   he said:  "Now, I'm going to tell- you some-'  thing about the late Liberal Government that will make my friend's haii  stand on end," indicating, with a smiling nod,the vigorous critic in the body  of the hall. ,  "Wrong again!" shouted the irrepressible one, removing his cap and displaying a head as1 smooth as a billiard  ball.   "It can't  be done."  ��������� ������������������' '    PLANT INTELLIGENCE.  Something like intelligence is ofter  exhibited by plants. If, during a drj  season, a bucket of water be placed  near a growing pumpkin or melon vine,  in the course of a few days the vine  will turn from its course and get at  least one of its leaves in' the water.   ,  HUMMING BIRDS.  Humming birds are domesticated by  placing in their cages a number of paper flowers of tubular form containing  a small quantity of sugar and water,  which    must be    frequently renewed.  ii  M  ������  i ���������*  rM!  ������  wdw    ^au ^^^ ^ e t      Of this liquid the birds partake,  and  esTgrap^s^harAsia wouYd"provide be- I quickly   become apparently contented  injr reserved  for him. Verus,  another 'with their captivity.   , tif ri'iaHsrswsstxiftrrr
&
WEDDED BY COMPACT
I*
11
��.<
(('"
IV'
2'
li '
TWO        WELL-KNOWN        CANADIANS
HAVE SET A   FASHION-
)
\
_ t
I* ���>
>
$ ���
<��� Kev. Herbert X.  Casson   and   Kev.  I^yclia.
K.  Coniniiiiider,   Recently   Ktlitors   of
"The  Co mills:  Nation"  at Ituskiii, Are
'Married Accordlnj to Tlieir Own Idea*
-Simple and Interesting-.
The co-operative colony, at Ruskin,
Tenn., has .been a fairly successful
attempt; of Socialists and has gathered
many men and women who wore well-
known students and teachers before; they
became converts -to, the new doctrines.
Such a one was Rev. Lydin Kingsmill
Commander, and such, also, was the
Rev. Herbert N. Casson. Both have become well-known as lecturers on Socialistic topics, .and interest in them has been
revived by their recent marriage accord-
' ing to the rites of their fellow workers.
There was no such thing as a, church
service; there was no elaborate ceremony,
such as marks most weddings; there was
no appeal to any religious belief. The
bride and groom simply stood together
before witnesses and rend statements of
, their views concerning the significance
and importance of marriage, and when
that was done and the legal part attended
to the couple were m&n and wife.
The' compacts are rather simple and
decidedly interesting. The bride said:
< "I believe true -marriage to mean a
deep affinity of heart and mind and soul
existing between a man and. a woman
who find in each other the inspiration of
all that is best, highest, noblest and pur-
�� est in the character. 1 believe that the
lives should blend and harmonize, making together one perfect whole, and yet
that each should preserve his or her own
- individuality, developing all that ' 1 ios
within the- nature to its^highest capabilities, neither demanding aught of the
other, but each seeking the welfare and
happiness of the other. .       *
"Believing that such affinity of heart
and mind and soul does exist between us,
and that such will be our lives together,
I, "Lydiii''Kingsmill Commander, do, ill
presence of these witnesses, pledge myself
as tho wife of Herbert Newton Casson,
promising to share with him whatsoever
the changes and chances of life may
bring, to stand by his side in sorrow as
in joy, in sickness as in health, when the
world smiles and when tho world frowns,
oonie grief, conic pa^n, come joy, come
gladness, through all the varying fortunes
of life, so long, and only so long, as love
shall bind our hearts, and^ our souls are
blended as one.
1' Self-reverent each and reverencing
each, distinct in individualities, yet like
each other, even as those who love."
Tho statement of the groom was somewhat similar.  He said:
"So high is my ideal of a true and
lasting marriage that I regard- it as far
' beyond thccmore link which.is forged by
law. Marriage is the union of two lives
attracted by love. It ��� is not the destruction of individuality. " but the .union of
liberty and co-operation. I do not by-
virtue of this ceremony claim, any right
which love docs not freely give.
"I Avish to marry ��*i free-hearted woman.
not a siaAre.
"With all tho confidence of love, I.
yield every right that a man should yield
to a woman. I do - not Avish to compel
affection or obtain a claim by any legal
device. Unless love -is spontaneous and
free it is not love. I desire to be loved as
long as 1 am lOA-able and no longer. ' I
Avill never consent to chain the life of
another being to mine in any irrevocable
Avay.    "   .'.-'.���; ���"��� -������:���'   ���-.'.'
."So.then I declare,    before   these   Avit-
"ncsses,that   I,   Herbert NcAvfcou Casson,
take I/ydia Kingsmill Connnander as my
wife, so-long as love   and   wisdom   unite
US.      - ���:������;-������  .
"I pledge myself never to let this mar-.',
rigac interfere "with the 1 ifo work she has
chosen, nor'with'.'the ".'development of her
larger powers for good,     r      .
"I Avill help her to make herself.
"Her oavii to give or keep, to live and
learn, and be-all * that develops highest
womanhood."
The Rev.' Herbert N.   Casson .was born
WOE  IN   ONE  WHOLE  FAMILY.
T.lcsin   Ileveng-c   Taken   by   n,   Woman
Peddler of l^ncertiiiii (Ajje.
���'Is Mrs. Benton in?" inquired a good
looking girl carrying a number of sofa
pillows, as she knocked at the door of the
top flat in the big building at Sixty-fourth
street and Ellis a\"enue. Airs. Benton was
in, and to her the girl confided the fact
that she Avas selling real sea moss stuffed
sofa pilloA\-s at $1 each. .Mrs. Benton,
didn't car j to invest in the suspicious looking articles, and the girl avcuc away in a
huff. Ten minutes later there Avas another
knock on the door. This tinio it A\Tas tho
tenant fromrthe first floor come up to ask-
���Mrs. Benton if she could change a 83 bill
'-������I've been all through tho building trying to got it changed," she said as she put
it back in her purse. "I wanted to buy
one of your niece's sofa pillows, but I
guess 1 AA'ill have to wait till some other
time. She said sho avouUI let me have ono
for 75 cents. But Avhac's the matter, Mrs.
Benton?    Are you ill;-"
Mrs. Benton dropped into a chair and
gofiped: "Buy one of my niece's pillows!
wl haven't got any niece. Why, did that
'���woman have the impudence to toll you sho
is my niece? ' Why���Avhy, she's a stranger
to me and she's older than I am���I know
she is. 1 never saw her in my life before
this morning.!'
"Well, she told me she was your niece,'
said the first iloor lady, looking somewhat
frightened. "I am sure I couldn't bo mistaken. And she seemed sucli a sweet kind
of a girl. Why, she even said you had
raised her and taught her to make those
pillows. And she said that she Avas selling tthem because times Avcrc so hard"���
But Mrs. Benton jumped up in a hurry.,
, 'I'll go right;  down   stairs Avith  you and
Susk her Avhat sho moans.    She's  the most
outrageous  person I c\'cr  heard of.    The
idea of my raising that old thing!"
When Mrs. Benton and her friend'got
down stairs, the girl had gone, but a tour
of the building revealed the fact that many
of the tenants had bought pillows on Che
supposition that they Averc assisting Mrs.'
Benton.as well as her niece. One1 of them,
a Mrs. GraA'cs, added that she didn't intend to buy until the young lady had told
her Avhat a "hard timo Mr! Benton was
having to pay the rent, and what a failure
his drug store had proved, and. hoAVthe
young woman was going down > to 'meet
Mr. Benton Avith the money and giA*o it to
him because he was such a dear, kind uncle to her.'
That evening after supper an indignant
young couple called on everybody'in tho
big.flat building, and after protesting'
their ignorance of the pillow peddler left
a.full description of allu their friends and
relatives as a basis for future references.
"The idea of that  hussy'telling them 1
was  her  aunt!", said Mrs. Benton   to her
���ihushand when they got back.
"What, kills mo is the' cold nerve of  tho
'thing in saying I  couldn't pay my rent,'
said her spouse.
HOUSE FUBfflSHING..
A MEDIUM  THROUGH  WHICH TO
PRESS ONE'S INDIVIDUALITY.
EX-
So Two Rooms Xow Alike���Original
Itlea.s Carried Out In Homemade Fitments���Some SnsB'estive and Pretty
Arruiig'einciils.
At the present time, when it is every
one's aim to express one's individuality
in some fcrm or other, it is small won-
der that furniture is looked upon as
such a satisfactory medium for the purpose.    Where now are two rooms to be
MAKING  OF SHERRY.
in this province about 27". years of ago,
and is the son of.a-Methodist'clergyman.
He studied for and entered the ministry.
His gradually broadening ideas and his
decided drift "toward Socialism made it
necessary for him to leave his home and
ho Avent to Boston. There he became
prominently identified with the movement'to spread'his ticav faith, and joined
Morrison I. SwTift in his work among the
unemployed. Later lie founded rhe Labor
Church at Lynn, Mass.. the first church
of its kind in the country. His 'lectures
attracted Avide attention. In 189(5 he spent;
gome time in England, lecturiiur and
spreading his teachings at the invitation
of the famous Wnglish Socialist, Keir
Hardie. Last fall Mr. Casson left the
Lynn Church to join the Ruskin colony
and became the editor of its paper, The
Coming Nation.
The Rev. Lydia Kingsmill Commander,
Avho Avill   not   call   herself   Mrs. Casson,
but Mrs. Commander, Avas   also  born in
Ontario.    She   Avent   to    Toledo,    O.. in
1894, where.she studied   social   problems'
and then   entered   the   liberal   ministry.
She Avas first called to   become   pastor of
the Free Congregationalist Church (Independent), in Burn boo,    Wis.    After   that
she   was   called   to   All   Souls' Church,
Chicago, a church made   famous by such
pastors as Samuel Longfellow and  Bron-
son Alcott. Miss Commander left Chicago
and joined the colony at   Ruskin. where
she became associate editor of The   Coming Nation.   They have both gone to live
in Toledo, O., where 4hey Avill  assist the
Socialistic Mayor Jones in his campaign,
and possibly after the contest is over edit
a daily paper in that interest.
The    Interesting;    Manner .l_ii__WJii��h.
*"-'Pt:is Wine Is 'Man iifiietureri.
Sherry as a Avine has never been so popular in this country as in rOuropc, although
it enters A-cry largely into the preparation
of many drugs. Very little is generally
known about the process of manufacture.
According to a recent Spanish report, it
is full of interest. Tho grapes arc raken
to tho corner of the prcsshouse and thrown
:in(o a press of primitiA'c construction, con-
' sisting of a AA'ooden trough about ten feet
square, with a screw press in the center.
The trough is filled Avith 1,300 pounds of
grapes, Avhich arc then crushed by the feet
of men Avcaring Avoodcn clogs. The reason
of this is that the Aveight of a man is just
sufficient to force out the juice and not
enough to bruise the skins or branches,
Avhich avouUI give a bitter flavor tp the
wine.
The treading is carefully and .methodically done, each row coming in its turn
under the crush of the sabot. After this
first level pressing sulphate of lime is
sprinkled -oA'cr thei mess. This, is knoAvn
as "yeso" and. occurs as a pure earth in
the Jerez districts. This*carth is added,in
the proportion of 2% pounds to 1,800
pounds of grapes. The average yield, is
about 110 gallons for* one filling of the
���press. /Wherffthe grapes have been trodden
several times, the screAV press is used. The
liquor is put. away and fermented for about
three weeks, Avhen it begins to clear and
can be drawn off from the lees. In this
condition it is really a young wine and is
gi\-en the name of "moto." As the Avine
matures, its'is placed in its special class. If
it is a delicate, light Avine, it is known-as
"fluo," while if it should'.haATe a.highly-
vinous character it is classed as"olorosoi'
���St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
- AUTISTIC COZV CORNER.     ,
found alike? True, they are often guided by,a certain order cf the day; but,-
on the whole, they are undoubtedly,
more or less original and characteristic
of their owners. Rooms and their furniture noAV. express convictions and opinions, and avcII might one-, alter the eld
aphorism into. "Show me your room
and I Avill tell you what you are. " After the lingering death of "suits" came
thc-craze for old furniture, and "picking up things" beeamequite a business.
The selection of furniture gave people
the chance of using their culture and
taste, and also the opportunity of surrounding themselves with objects pleasing to their eye.-    ���
But there are many people who cannot in this, way acquire the things
their tastes desire and who possess cleverness enough to adapt ideas to their
OAvn requirements in such a way that an
ordinary carpenter-can aid in carrying
them out. ' For them such a,suggestion
as that of the first sketch carries interest.
This lounge as the main feature of
an artistic corner is not only attractive,
giving a distinct style to the room, but
from a practical point of view it is a
-very-couil'orTable place." where one can,
lie one's full length at ease or sit as if
in the easiest of armchairs.' Tho framework may be put together by a village
carpenter, ft is made the width of an
ordinary single bed. Then it is to be
stained a' dull black and gold Japanese
paper   cut   to  size  and   glued  on  the
the middle
back.
leaving
a  square
a*
in
for the padding. A horsehair mattress
' may nc::t be made and two small bolsters
to match, all covered in blue cloth. The
difficulty which will probably present
itself is how to fix the padding on tc
the back. However, a brass bar may be
procured, over which a piece of blue'
cloth, neatly padded Avith horsehair,
can be sewed. This device Avill not only
prevent any sagging, but will allow tho
back to bo taken oil' for shaking and
will effectually do nAvay with any signs
of home make. Cushions will complete
the comfort of the lounge, and some
ornaments will probably.-find their way
on to the little shelf, which, by' the
way. would do equally well for books,
and some miniature might be placed
on the J apanese paper. To relieve the
somberness of the blue a strip of embroidery, as in the illustration, may be
fastened'to the back, but whether t.bi3
last is an improA-ement is a matter of
taste, for it detracts from the severity.
Hi�� Misfortune.
Harvey���It's too bad it happened to
Plum kin.
Frank���What happened to him now,
poor felloAV?
Harvey���Too bad he was born,���Harlem Life.
Orig-fnnl   Definitions*.
Written examinations frequently bring
to light curious notions. It is related that
a recent school examination paper con-
voyed tho information that John Bright
was chiofljT distinguished for a disease,
usually fatal, which ho had discoA'cred,
and that Richard Wagner was the inventor
of a sleeping car. Anthology in another
school Avas described as "the study of insects," and for pedagogy these definitions
wore submitted by various pupils: "Tho
science of religion," "Tho study'of tho
feet" and "Learned pomposity." Can it
be that the author of tho last definition
was an accomplished satirist?���Youth's
Companion.
Her Inference.
"Now, I suppose," remarked Mrs.
Snaggs, "that the surgeons of tho army
arc attached to the medical corps." _.'.
"Your supposition does you great credit," replied Mr. Snaggs sarcastically. "It's
a wonder you didn.!t���imagine that doctors
joined the army for the purpose of building bridges or going up in a balloon.
Whore should army surgeons be except in
tho medical corps?"
"Well, I thought that they might possibly belong to tho lancers."���Pittsburg
Chronicle.
If two tuning forks of the same pitch
an- placed facing each other, the one
mounding the other silent, in a few seconds the one which was silent will be
giving out u distinctly audible sound.
SULU PEARL FISHING
AMERICANS NOW HAVE A NEW ENTERPRISE OPEN TO THEM.
The Pearl Sliell Bank�� of Onr Nevr
Arcliineln&o Are the Third ttiche.st
In tlie 'World���Ilo-��v the Business li*
Con duutcd.
Among other unique industries which
have been opened to American capital
and American adventurers is thai of
fishing- for pearls. One of the most valuable features of the , Sulu islands,
which come to us as part of the Philippine archipelago, is the pearl lishc-ry-
of that group.
These pearl bearing" banks are. next
to those of Ceylon and Australia, the
most important and valuable in tins
world. Americans arc fond of adventurous enterprises, and here is ono,
which will doubtless be greatly appreciated. Pearl fishing: is always a speculation, with a'large clement of uncertainty as to results. This will only
spur some ,of our darings capitalists to
try their luck.
The pearls-found in, the Sulus are remarkable for their line, white color and
soft.' iridescent sheen and up till the
present have found their principal market in London, but now that the archipelago has become an outlying territory of the United States one- may
naturally expect that these rnr-st
chastely beautiful gems Avill come more
into favor on this side of the Atlantic.
But it is not the pearls themselves
from which the large profits cf pearl
fishing are derived. The chief revenue?
comes from the sale,of the pearl shells,
or mother of pearl, which brings in the
market from SI00 a ton upward. As an
illustration of this, while the West Australian pearl fisheries netted in one year
$���100,000- from the shells", the returns
from the find of pearls was valued at a
little over $150,000. or about one-third.
In this respect, while the pearls found
in the Sulus arc of the finest quality,
the mother of pearl is sometimes characterized by a yellowish tint, which
renders it less valuable from' a commercial point of A'ieAv as being unsuitable for many ornamental purposes, and
consequently makes tho industry more
of a speculative nature than that carried on upon the adjacent Australian
bank's.
Like many other fields of enterprise
In   that   part   of   the 'world,    the   Sulu
mm/l
A LUXURIOUS AllKANGKMENT.
which is the characteristic of this
lounge. Of course this is merely thrown
out as a suggestion and can be built
upon according to individual taste.
Running on much the same lines as
the first is the second sketch. Here a
little corner bookshelf is put high up
and quite out of the way over the handsome double settee. It is. not to be pretended, however, that this arrangement and economy are mentionable in
the same breath if the luxurious style
of upholstery indicated is carried out.
Within the Crystal Charm.
The gold rimmed crystal charms of
round or heart shape, now so popularly
worn for good luck, inclose among other
talismans a white rabbit, a black rabbit, a clover leaf with a ladybug upon
it, a curly tailed and cunning pig. the
slow but sure tortoise or a soaring and
triumphant ��iagla���Jewelers' Circular-
NATIVE DIVING KOIi PEAKL SIIKLI.S.      '
pearling grounds have for some time
been controlled by men or companies
Avith large capital, of which the chief is
the great London jewelry firm of Street-
er. These capitalists equip and send
out fleets of: from 20 to 30 moderate
sized schooners upon annual.cruises and
employ in the pursuit, besides numerous European ofi'icers and supercargoes,
many hundreds, if not thousands, of
native divers. .
As regards the la Iter, a controversy
has raged in the western Pacific for
many years. Several individuals whose
information was apparently well founded affirmed that many of the pearl lleet
OAA'ners were nothing but.pirates of the
worst type, who, while shielding them-
sel\res behind contracts with the native
chiefs, in reality kidnaped thousands of
the Pacific islanders and compelled
them to dive on the banks whether the
latter were willing or not.
As the matter so nearly affected the
Australian government it made surh
urgent representations to the .British
authorities on behalf of the nati\-e divers that at length a veritable martinet
was dispatched as high commissioner to
the Pacific, who in turn voAved that he
Avould hang without mercy any British
subject convicted of the offense before,
his court.
. Then the pearl fleet owners did a very
simple, thing. They chose the territory
in the American Union where naturalization could be the most quickly effected and thither dispatched their
principal officers to learn the science
of fruit farming. When they had become full fledged American citizens, they
smilingly returned to their old vocation, being then subject, of course, to
the jurisdiction of the American consular agents in those latitudes���men
who. as the pearl fleet owners declared,
were so much more amenable to "reason."
This for the lime coiled up the swingeing rope of the British- official, but the
trouble has since remained more or less
on the simmer until. noAv that the United States has acquired one of the principal fisheries. It will probably break
out afresh, thus' affording sundry prospective international commissioners a
pleasant winter lour among the islands
of the Pacific before it is finally settled
with justice to all concerned.
The. actual diving operations are carried  on  chiefly   by  the  natives though
of late years Europeans, with the regular apparatus, have in some instances
been employed. The former method is
simplicity itself.
ALFliED R.   ROAVLET.
STAGE  GLINTS.
" It is noAV rumored that Charles
Wyndbam. the distinguished English
comedian, will soon be knighted.
' Minnie Palmer is the latest \%iude-
ville recruit. Her debut Avill be made
in one of Proctor's houses in New York.
Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou are
the tAvo principal historical'personages
in Mr. Edward Rcsc's neAV plajT. "In
Days of Old. " ,
"Adam and Eve" was the titlo of an
operetta recently given ,in Vienna.
Marie Halton was the representative of
the first woman.
Preparations are being made at Paris
for the celebration of the two hundredtli ,
anniversary of   Racine's  death. AA'nich
falls on April 26.
Ada Gr'ay'of "East Lynne" fame and
Charles P. Tingay. her husband, have
returned from England after a two
years' tour of Great Britain.
The manager of, a London music hall
announces that any one Avho purchases
a ticket for the performance may have
his or her teeth extracted for nothing. '
A bill has been introduced in the
New York" scnate'providing for a theatrical censorship. It is opposed by the
dramatic papers on tli9 ground that the
existing hnvs are good enough if en-,'
forced. '       ,.   .'    *
Mrs. A. Dow Currier. Avho was instrumental in introducing Julia Marlowe to the public, is said to have discovered a young actress of unusual'talent in Janet Waldorf, who is playing
successfully in the Avest
Olga Nethersole  is still accompanied "*
in her   jonrneys   by her  collie, Barrie.
which was  named  after  the  Scottish"
writer. J. H. Barrie.    ��� In addition, this
year Miss Nethersole has  a  young fox
terrier. McKinloy, in her train.       t    " ,
TURF TOPICS.
foals of
���m.
- ; The $10,000   Louisiana prize
1898 received G98 nominations.
Handspring.   2:2(5%.   is   entered
$57,000 worth of stakes for 1S99
Peter V. Johnston has been driving-"
41 years and says he will not be seen in:
the sulky again.
A'man in Chillicothe. Mo., has named*
his horse -Regulator, because, he  say-s,
"all the other horses go by him. " '
E. D. Either has in his stable a very .
promising colfcjnamed Kazan, by Kremlin, dam Orphan Lass, by Florida.
The get of Baron Wilkes have Avon
over $113,000 on the turf in the past
four years, a showing said to have been
never equaled.
The Empire City Trotting club .has
decided to give a $5,000 purse, free for
all trotting stallions, mile heats, -at' its
grand circuit meeting
The Peoria (Ills.) mile track was sold
under a mortgage Feb. 23. It was
bought in by a number of the old
stockholders, and there will be a reorganization.
Hydrants will be placed 100 feet apart
clear around the' inside of the course
at Empire City park. New York. These*
hydrants are connected,with the city ���
water mains, and it-will-be possible to
literally .flood the track on short notice
if desired. ^
Santos, dam of Peter the Great, has a
2-year-old colt by Judge Hayes' Iowa
stallion SpottsAvood. Peter V. Johnston,
who developed Peter the Great and
drove him to his memorable victory at
Lexington, is handling the youngster
and pronounces him great. ���Turf, Field
and Farm.
;��
SHORT  SERMONS.
The greatest wrestler in the world is
truth, and it never gives up till it Avina
There are many people,Avho can stand
adversity better than they can stand
prosperity
The best men are those who. attend to
their own bnsiness and never meddle
with a neighbor's unless invited. ���Ex-
chan^a.
Roman  S<"iy�� Carpentry.
The excaATafJons uoav going on in tho
Theatre of Dugga, in Tunis, show thas
the Romans possessed for their theatres a
system of stage car-pen try equal if no.;
superior to the applianoGs noAV in mo.
An ingenious contrivance enabled thos)
who stood underneath the stage to fi
What was proceeding above. A numb r
of trapdoors opened in ;he center of the
stage and grooves have been discovero '.
shoAving the way in which scenery an 1
stage furniture were lowered and raised.
Eight large holes led to several dry well s
three yards deep under the stage, while ;���.
large rcceptaclo ser el to store the cu;-
fcain during the nerformance. The floor of
the stage was covered with mosaics.��� '
London Post.
I-'''
'.���'���
j V
li ���������*iwutma'.|.j>.hhi  THE CUMBERLAND NEWS.  ���������ISSUED EVERY SATURDAY.���������  M.  E.  Bissett Editor.  SuUcribers failing to receive The  Jficws-regularly will confer a favor by noti-  iffin^. the Office.  "t- The coluiiins of The News are open to all  who wi/m to express therein views on. matters of public  interest.  !"��������� -Wfeilo %ve do net hold ourselvee responsible'for the utterances of corre.syoadentts' \va  leserve the right ��������� of ' declining tc insert  :coiiiraunications unnecessarily personally,  '' 6SP** When writing- communications to  this paper,-write ON one side only of  . paper used.    Printers Do NOT turn copy.  SST Advertisers who want their ad  changed, should get copy in by  <12 a.m. day before issue.  SATURDAY,   JUNE '10th,  1899.  '������������������    .li ..������   == ��������� ��������� ��������� -~ ��������� ���������"-���������-  Now that we are to have mail  three times per week, would it not  be in order to move for better accommodation for the, post office ?  The present room is too small. If  the next room now vacant in the  Willard block were added to it, we  should have a respectable office. It  Would,not cost the town a cent and  if proper representations'were made  to Mr: Mclnnes, no doubt he would  see to the (,matter. The best way  to go about is, probably, to have a  petition signed. c  A WORD TO THE   MINERS.  The disallowance   of   the   Anti-  ��������� Japanese bill did not come as a surprise to many people, for  the ��������� Dominion  Government had   pressure  1   brought to  bear   on   them   which  -   they could not  well   resist.    It   is  now opportune to enquire  whether  it is to the advantage of the   white  men to have Japs in the mines.  (1) .Japs can be  hired   by   miners cheaper than white helpers."  (2) They  work' nearly,   if   not  quite, as well.  "   ^ "Idi -lis consider  theother  side of  ���������the question.  . ' (1) The Japs do not IjLve like  white men and they will never  make Canadians. We don't want  them as compatriots.  (2), Times are getting better.     A  large number of men Avill  soon   be  required.     White   men   need   the  work, and the}' will come to Union  if the Japs don't crowd   them   out.  Is it necessary to ask which   would  heinore to the   advantage   of. the  whole district, to have Cumberland  and Union peopled  with   Japs   or  our own countrymen ?     True,   the  miners would ���������make a   little   more  by having the former, but  are   the  miners of of Union so   selfish   that  for the sake of a few   dollars   they  will'take the  chance   of   a   living  from their fellow countrymen  and  give it to foreigners.    It is   in   the  power of the-miners to irsay 'Yes' or  ���������^iNo.'    Get up a 'petition'  to   keep  the Japs out of the Union mines, or  send a delegation of miners   to   the  Superintendent and they   will   get  ��������� what they want.     i\l r.   Little   has  ���������often expressed his   willingness   to  tconfer with-the men.    Let the min-  ters hot wait till it is too   late,    but  take advantage of present opportunities. -  We shall be glad to publish letters' from miners on ' this or any  other .subject. What we want is  -both sides of the question and fair  .play for .all. ..'  an annual salary to a Police Magistrate and maintaining a police  force is entitled to retain and use  as its revenue all fines whether  arising from breach of by-laws, or  Provincial statutes. It was necessary  at one time that the police Magistrate should be paid not less than  $250 per annum, but we understand that no minimum salary is  now mentioned, it being left to  eacJi municipality to fix the  amount.  Cumberland lies within   a   very  small area.  There is really no need  for more than a   special  constable.  Indeed such'a person, in our opinion, would be far   more   preferable  Lo the condition that must  necessarily follow tht mixed, duties of   a  policeman   subject    to   municipal  control, only as a  secondary,   consideration. ' The Provincial constables have heretofore proved   themselves   faithful   guardians   of   the  peace, and no doubt would   continue to exert themselves   in   preserving law and order, but, we ask, can  they always be here when wanted ?  It is just when the guardian of   the  law is away that   offences are most,  times committed,     That  satisfactory arrangements as   to   a   Police  Magistrate's salary could be made,  we do not doubt;   also   we   believe  that a suitable person to serve and  be under   sole   municipal   control  could be found to accept the duties  of a special constable. To  say   the  least, the matter is   one ',' for   more  than casual consideration.  (CCRHB3PCNnEKCE.)  Editor of The News.  According 'to the last production  ofC. S. R.,'he has been  in  N.   \V.,  and taken the trouble to look   over  that institution for the people who  are weak in the upper storey.  Well  he has been let out too soon, or   he  would know that there is   a   great  difference between running  a   coal  mine and  selling   mouse-traps  on  commission.     The writer has some  idea what a poor man's government  can do when it gets a start.     Take  the Province of Nova Scotia for ex-  mple.    The Government there has  created an army  of tramps.    Any  bill'in favor of the miner was a cut  in his wages, as Has been   the   case  in B. C��������� under   Martin.    An   outsider leading C.S.R.'s letters would'  think this an   awful   place   for   a  miner.    Well, the   existan.ee   of   a  town like Cumberland is not a bad  sign of British freedom.     We have  no company boarding   houses,   no  company stores,   no   niggers   who  drive the white  miner out   at - the  point of   the  Winchester.    C. S. R.  knows this well, but I think one of  his traps is baited   with   a   bit   of  treasury bacon. Miner.  tion, and to   indicate   what   their  line of action must inevitably be.  While the undersigned are determined to respect and adhere to the  laws of the Province, it may be  pointed out that the law is. far-  reaching in the injuries it must in -  flict upon the mining interests of  the Province, and of the amount of  wages earned by the men.  It means reducing the hours of labor in the mines from 20 hours a  day to 16, as many of the mines  are so circumstanced that three  shifts cannot be worked to advantage. This means a reduction of 20  per cent, in the amount of the production of many mines, and a reduction of 20 per cent, in the development work being carried' on Jin  mines preparing for production,  and a reduction in the supplies used in the mines.  The most amiable relations existed, and still "exist, between the1'employers .-and employed at the mines.  The men were earning good wages  equal,to any being paid in the  camps of the United States, and  higher than those paid in many,  and they were rendering good service for these wages. If any discontent was rife at the existing  state/of affairs, it was not generalty  knowzi. It is therefore deeply to  be regretted that ' the Legislature  has seen lit to disturb the existing  harmony, to interfere with the  growing prosperity of the mining  districts, to reduce the wage-earning power of "the men employed,  and to interfere with the free right  of contract hitherto enjoyed.  As to" the future after the first   of  June next, at the mines represented by the undersigned, the   standard rate of wages that Mali be   paid  to  skilled   miners   for   an   eight-  hours' working day will   be   three '  dollars ($3.00),   and   other   labor  will necessarily be also paid for ac-.  cording to the time worked..  The Hall Mines,' Ltd.  The London & British Columbia Goldfields, Ltd.  The Athabasca  Gold   Mine,  Limited.  The Ymir Gold Mines, Ltd.  The London   Hill   Development & Mining Company.  Tine Exchequer Gold Mining  Company.  The   Dundee   Gold    .Mining  Company.  Mollie   Gibson   Mining Company. '' .,  ���������  Yellowstone Mining Company  We hope that the City Council  wiil reconsider their resolution in  -the matter of paying one-half the  salary'-of a Provincial consul bie in  in consideration of the City receiving a proportionate share of the  fines.    Every municipality 'paying i  The following notice has   appear  ed in an up country paper:  Nelson, B. C, May. 6, 1899.  As the announcement  has   been  made that the Government of British Columbia purpose enforcing the  amendment   to   the   Metalliferous  Mines   Inspection     Act,     making  eight hours a working day for those  ���������employed underground in   metal if-  erous mines Sec. (13)  "No   person  shall be employed underground   in  a--:y metalliferous   mine   for   more  than eight hours in 24 hours;"   the  underground, as  representing   one  of the two parties   mainly   affected  consider it advisable   to make public their views on the situation  created by this  uncalled   for   Je<xisla-  .-.'.-Jno.J.McKim left Friday for Puy-  allup, Wash., on a visit to his' parents.  Mrs.R.B..Anderson left Friday on  a visit to her old. ..-home in New  Brunswick. -    . .  Mrs. L.C.Macdonald has gone on  a visit to Nova Scotia where she  will spend, a few months.  Fresh dried herrings   at Moore's.  Lieuts. Satterlee, Goudy, Wright,  and Dr. Pratt of the U.S.S."Grant"  arrived on yesterday morning's  train and spent the fishing at the  Lake.  The many friends of Mr. Ross "of  the Settlement will be pleased to  learn that the operation for cataract performed on his eye by Dr. Jones  has been a success. Mr. Ross is at  the Jubilee Hospital.  Nice  25icnic  ham    at  Moore's.  The Cumberland Crun Club have  staked off the site and have lumber on the ground for a club house.  It is expected that within a week  the House will be ready -for occupation.  Messrs. Stoddart and Hudson  have purchased a stylish buggy  from Geo.LeightonjCourtcaay, and  are now the happy possessors of a  fine turnout.  Rev. Father Durand will celebrate mass at 8.30 a.m. next Sunday.  '     '       '      '      ' ' ���������   "      "       "���������'"      ������ Ul    I I I I || ���������-������������������������������������������j1  For a .Good SP^Ii Medicine j  Try a bottle of Hood's Sarsaparill?"  I have a full stock of all the  Popular Medicines. .;....  r mest  Supplies.  quality  TRY  of      Stationery,  SchooA  eaeey.  Another peculiarity   of the Canadian people is that while essential  ly moral, they are encouraging political immorality.    A   citizen very  seldom thinks of doing an evening's  work on the voters' list, of assisting  to orga nize the'vote of his division,  or of doing a day's scrutineer ing on  behalf of a prospective alder ma n or  member of Parliament without pay  from the cancledate.    The word citizen conveys no responsibilities   to  the mind of the ordinary votir. He  sees no duty which he owes to   the  state,.    He owes  his   party a   vote  whenever called upon; and theparty  owes him a day's pay when he earns  , it, and a small job now and   ag:iin  ��������� if he has  'influence'   or   make   an  occasional contribution for the good  of the cause.    The ave.a0o  earnest  and    thoughtful . citizen    rests _ at  home in the bosom of   his ������������������'family,  while his unthinking,    less   moral  .brother   does   the   political    work  necessary in Canada to the making  and unmaking of governments. We  are all Canadians, but we often pay  more   attention   to   down-trodden  Cuba or benighted, China  than   we  do to the country which gives us a  name and a home.    Becaus our du^  t.y to the state  rests   lightly   upon  us, our larger municipalities are in  the hands of men   of   broad   easy  morals;   our politics are controlled  by small-minded  self-seeking  men  who do not hesitate to   bribe   constituencies or to .barter  franchises.  In neither provincial   nor   federal  politics, does the average voter   rise  above part y.   considerations   when,  with uncovered head, he -approaches-the ballot-box.���������Canadian Mag-  *  azine.  We   wish   to   notify  the   people   of   Comox ���������  District   that we   have  just received a    carload  of choice vehicles which  are open for   inspection  in our   show   rooms    at  Courtenay,.     consisting  of    Express     Wagons  and   Carriages,    which  we   guarantee    to     be  First Class in style and  finish, which will be disposed of at   reasonable  prices.      We   are   also  prepared to do all kinds  of repairing   and guarantee satisfaction in   all  branches.      We    don't  say very much, but  we  are,in a position to saw  wood just the same.  We thank you for your patronage of the past and solicit a share  of the same in the future.  We Biemain,  Respectfully Yours,  G. B. LEISHTON,  Courtenay, B. C.  ������  Mr. .Wesley   Willard     returned;  from Vancouver, Wednesday.  One dozen pairs Ladies $2.00 buy  ton shoes at $1.15.    Stevenson&Co|  i  "Jas". Henderson,  Supt.   of -Govt.'j  Telegraphs, was up this   week.,      i|  10 yds.  crash towellieg for $1.0Q|  at Stevenson's. ���������'*���������  The Board   of  Licen sing  Cprrfjj  missioners will probably meet again*!  after the 15th as  it- is   understood/3  a few unacquainted   with  the neWjl  law failed to' ge't , their  names  orv'j  list of applicants published by th*^  Inspector.  Men's summer underweaa,   50c,,j  70c.,80c.(SP$i per suit at Stevenson's;;  Trinity Guild meets 13th inst.ati  Mrs. Collis' residence.  C H.  TARBELL.  D7ALER    IN  ���������Stoves and Tinware  CUMBERLAND, B. C.  GORDON    MURDOCK'S . .  ^s^ftmsm**���������. LIVERY..J  Single and Double Rigs to let?]  ���������at���������  Seasonable Prices  Near   Blacksmith Shop, 3rd Sttji  CUMBERLAND, ' B.   O;      U... ��������� '  Espiiait & Nanaimo Ey;  TIME' TABLE   EFFECTIVE  V  NOV. 19th; 1898.  VICTORIA TO WELLINGTON.   M  No. 2 Daily.       , No. i Saturday. $  A.M. ' .    ���������     A.M.!-,  Do. 9:00  .:Victoria........' Dc. 3:00  "    9:30 CtoldfiGream  '*'. 3:29;  "   10:19.. Si-i'a-jvnigah Lake "   i.H  "   10:5S Duncans ..<1:45  ,#J  I'.t.i.   ��������� - c   , p.m. f  "    12:30...- .Naimhno. ..6:05',  Ar. V.I-A5 Wellington'.......... Ar. 6.20'  WELLINGTON-   TO  VICTORIA.  No. 1 Daily. No. 3 Saturday.  A.M. A.M. ���������(  Do.8:25..... ...... Wellington Dh. 3:10  "   S:!0 Nanaimo " it:23.  " 10:0-1 Duncans  "   i:3r  " 10:12.. Shawnigan Lake....;... "   ������:<)$  "11:33     Goldstrcum "   5.59^  Ar. 12 00 m Victoria Ar. 6 25 p.m.  Iloducod iates to and from all points on  Saturdays and Sundays good to return Monday.  For rates and all information 'apply at  Company's Oflices.  A. -DUNSMUJIt,     -   Grco. L. COURTNEY.  Puesidbnt. -Traffic Manager.  YOU HAVE A WATCH  THAT DOES NOT GIVE  SATISFACTION BRING IT TO  Stoddart.  Opposite Waverley Hotel.  l\  ^ySS������SSSSS^������SSS  The (oal shipped to foreign ports  from Union in May was 9,005 tons^  not 4,118 tons as given before. Tbe  total shipments were   10,779   tons.  SSUEMGU.  I am agent  for the  following  reliable  companies: *  The Royal Insurance Company.  The Loadon and Lancaahire.  James Abbams.  FOP,    SALE.���������A     number     of:  young pigs, different  sizes.     Berk-  shires. Wm. Lewis,  Courtenay,,

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