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The Cumberland News Aug 12, 1899

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 I   ' .���
I     W'"   -
*\ V',   ' I-   -l
���S  1^  $   ��   ft
ttt trie - w irei
Manilla, Aug, 10,���Gen. ?.ac-
Carther's force o! 4,000 men advanced five miles beyond San Fev-
ando to-day and e_cou uteri d and
' defeated (5,000 FilapAJOB, Thc e*��'-'J
omy retreated leaving m.iny' kilJod
and wounded. Thu Aa-ericanslosi
SO kilted."
Simon Leiser,     Union.
61 YATES STf?E��T,_   VICTOfHA^e^.Q.
'������--" ��� ^HARDWARE, MILL AND, .MINING .MACHINERY,    gj
:/vr6ii,./Ai:LhaNi)S:-J. -..-\..J/.:<, ;-���-:,  v* v\,-/_ ;,��g'
Writejor prices* and particulars.    P. 6. Drawer 563- ' fo
Sole Agents
Finest Equipped Bicycle Repair Slop in tlie
frn~^*-~rff'"""-����������� ���tr**-rr'j_--r-_r_-*__"--f n
Sei^d for prices ^ Estimate
-'t_*lana3ix}p,.Aug. lOA-Dr, McICech-
nie and Rr'Smith arrived from Victoria , having interviewed tho representatives of ��� thc Provincial Goy-
ernment in regard to the decision
oi the Privy Council declaring ul
tra vjres the clan.se of tlie Coal
Mines Regulation Aei regarding the'
.exclusion of Chinese/,from mines.
The -Pnvy Council decision is. final ���
so fay ,a-j thc pro vi nee is concerned
anaVanv airect Atiti-Ohinese Legis-
huibiLvill have to" come from the
Doniinion Parliament in future. In
,,the mean time ^ the provincial Government has decided, to make special/regulations which will have a
"strong 'tendency to exclude, if not
10 -entirely' exclude'!-Chinese from
mines. The now regulations will be
gazetted to-morrow.- ������.
The Inspector' of?,Mines has been
instructed, by  Minister of Mine's to
J   '_.     ������������'���* ��� ���
strictly enforce cKiuV-c09 of the Coal
'.Mu\e^���Actjas". wgL'jfeslbe^new. reg-
uiation which-calls for all,employees-to be able to ' understand the
Mining Act1.
Victoria, Aug. 1C.���rCj.pt, St.
John commander of PI. M. S. Peacock gave a sensational interview
here last nignt on the Empress of
Japan condemned Otis'mismanagement of thc Phillpine campaign.
This was telegraphed to New York
and has created a sensation in dip-,
lomatic circles as the British am-
ba'ssy ha*; taken the matter up.
London, 'Aug. 10.���Tne troops
that are ordered to South Africa are
a-batallion of'Grenadier. Guards
and the batteries of guards.        ������*
track 20 mites from St. Polycrape
this mornin. Seven people were
killed and many injured. Thc i**
dontificd are -las. Rochelean and
da.Tighter of Montreal, Ned Stairs
and Wilson Connor of Montreal.
Montreal, Aug. 10,- G. F. Bell
who stole the famous Carranz.i
letter was''"this morning acquitted
on the charge. Ho refused to pleod
either guilty or not guilty.
Victoria,Aug. "10.���To-day's gaz-
'ette  contains the  ttnnouncmont of
the issue 01 the writ for New Westminster returnable before Board of
, "Big Alex" McDonald, King of
the Klondyke, has-filed papers for
an assignment (of, his property fof,
the benefit of his -creditors. Five
thousand' "people are expected here
on the 19th to attend the societies
- Nanaimo, .Aug. 10.���While driving ���to Alexandria Mines, Mrs. Alex
Galloway accompanied by her two
sons, was thrown over an embankment 30 feet deep,owing to the
cross bar of the buggy breaking.
Mrs, Galloway was not badly injured, being able to walk home btit
died an hour' later from the shock.
The .deceased was in her 57th year.
The sons were unhurt. She leaves
six sons _and three   daughters   to
mourii her sudden death.
*   ' ���   '"    "   :-   ���' 1
>-vVictoria, ��� Aug^lO',���J. -H. -Todd; ai.
pioneer of 1862 died this morning
aged 72 years.    He was formerly an
Alderman   and   president   of   the
Board of- Trade.
the heavy swell here in 1898. He
claimed to be a lieutenant in the ;,t
navy and owner of a steam yacht) )
on the Atlantic, for which he ������ enr \"t
gaged ono of the engineers of 3fche Sf ... t
S. Tartar, giving him' a forged j-?
check as pay men tTor certain tviy >'/
debtedness. When arrested, .gavoy .������
his name as Lord Graham.     'Dn_r  "$'
ing his term in prison he has'.borh^1 - 1^
. t -/  "t'M
a fair class   record.    His   term "!a_"jfe
;.-'*- 4-
pnson expires early next month.-v-fT' '-',
I -'   ."       -'J
Vancouver, Aug. 11.���Joe Mar'sy^'
tin has objected" to an article ' ap-f \&
pearing in Mr. Cotton's paper ahd&v$<:
has replied to Cotton, besides sendejVjj;-.3
ing a�� letter to the   Premier. - . ThqiSt
< * ^4'i.f--
following is the letter: , bjXi
Vancouver, B. C��i"\S^I
To Hon. F: C. Cotton.  t. -,--.* _=,.
Dear' Sir:���Enclosed,  your.' cuts "f.t|
' r   -���'x^ff.i'il
ting from the News   Advertiser * or-#?|
to-day" headed   "Opposition Weaik^t-Ul
CI beg to call your  attention' to '_E&"-^-���l
very improper, false  and   mislead;f^|o
ing statements contairied in the lat-V^J
ter' part of same with reference -toi -v?l
Government's action; in regard ��� ta^^j
New Westminster. /I .would" oatYlfi
trouble you with this matter., were^M
���v,-  ^ "1 -,a'3 j
it not for the ,fact   of. your(/wellt>i3
ValparisOj Aug. 10.���A tidal
wave burst into the bay yesterday
evening teaMiig down the embankment and sweeping off a number of
car.-:-, locomotives and   ton? ol ruer-
i chandise.    Loss estimated at sever-
I al millions..'-
j      London, Aug. 11~-A-despatch, to-
| "day  says tho  Italian  government
Shipping companies under a charter to the British Admirality for
transport services have been notified to hold their transports in reserve for immediate despatch of
In the Transvaal, many families
arc taking to the plains with waggons and oxen, and are fleeing towards the frontier. Thc Transvaal
cloud is gathering for conflict.
Troops are in readiness and warlike
preparations arc going on.
Ponce, Aug. 10.���A hurricane
struck here this morning and lasted
until 3 p. m. The river over flowed flooding the town. Two hundred persons arc drowned. Town
and port a total wreck. Damage
.to .property .is $500,000. No news
from inierior since storm broke out.
Manilla, Aug. 10.���General Otis
known connection with the ' paper,''&��
I leave it to you to take whateyeK<%
action you see fit to contradict' thfe^-Dt
statement made,' as you are well--a*?i)t?
ware, everything that' >ha_ . 'b'een^l
'clone with regard , to New*L~We_t-/''Mi
'tminateT-hajB been;dbne'-by';the>,Govr!*-3^
>-_ , ~r i^*-'^-   ��V A;-ei>>~^cas'.'.i *._r~_��i-"V"*: t"    ; . . ; v - ��� <*-"^*i^"1
ernment-as a��� whole, and it seems -Wi-^
be the News   Advertiser's  aim^o'-Jl
gain support for the   Government's- sr,:;l
candidate at ^the   coming   election ^'
by making  statements   containing^'
inuendoes against me,  and  praises,
for Mr. Semlin   and yourself which ���
are absolutely without any founda-.
tion.       (Signed)    Jos. Martin,-
Biding on locomotives and'  rail^
way, cars  of   the   Union   Colliery-
Company by any "person   or   per-.���*
sons���except train crew���is strictly* ,
prohibited.     Employees   are* sub-,
ject to dismissal for allowing same,..
By order
Francis D/ Littlej.
Table Linens,
Matting, etc.
Wooden ware,
Bar Outfits,
Largest and Best Appointed Showrooms west of Toronto.
-Send for our Large Illustrated Catalogue���Mcalled Free.
I has received positive confirmation j fco day issued   an- order closing the
that -China; and Japan have  con- f ports in thc-hands of Insurgents to
��� inter island trad'ic. Aguinaido issued a decree on July 24th closing
surgent ports to vessels flying the
American flag and inviting vessels
under other flgas. to visit them.
Vessels under- foreign flags cannot
traffic with the seaports now without running the blockade.
Vancouver, Aug. 11.���The Fairfield Syndicate have declined to
take up their bond on the Alexandra mine near the Dorothy Morton.
C. D. Graham, an inmate of the
New Westminster prison, serving a
eluded an alien,
St, Thomas," Aug. 10.���Advices
from St. Kitts say.-* that on Monday a severe hurricane with a vcl-
i ocity of 72 miles, destroyed 200
j houses in the town and did consul-
j erable. damage to estates. No fa-
; talitifcs.occured.
,j Victoria, Aug. 10.���Str. Queen
j arrived last night with 800 pas-
���j sangers form the,north and,$250,-
w ] 000 in gold. Among her passan-
wj i Kers were Charlie Martin and Jack
���j Black, each with a .sack of treasure.
S58gggSSS2 im&^s��Z��&��$
j Nothing now up north.
1      Montreal, Aug. 10.���The fast ex-
I . j
j press  from   Montreal, lumped   the j
term of 18 months for forgery, has
fallen heir to a fortune of several
thousand dollars.    Graham nut on
M    and, most Complete Stock of
fl1    snsfrumentsin B.C.
^ 88 Government St.
^ Victoria, B. C.
I P. O. Box 143.
"    BANJOS,  .
All the latest  Sheet  Music
and Folios.    Finest Strings .
for all instruments. Agents
for   the popular  Domestic.    j|
oewing Machines.      Need-"   g^
les and  pasts  for  all  ma-..
chines. Send for-Catalogue. kc- ^���������i,4t������yrf_rt^������l'p4a������l-l*MiiUW*Jr-������ ittu*  fc^tlk-fatfh 3I^J_r-S������tWJMH4Mh-rfcTfc***-W^-Mi^  V1  ������11.l_-Ml���������)���������>���������/   ���������?->./-- J.V������������������-_1  F^  Rev. Dr,  Taimage   Strongly   Denounces  the  Whisberine- of Evii.  it  Is Classed Among  ths World's Great  Villainies--More Harmful  Than Open Slander-"Destroying Good Names-  the Worst of Crimes.  Washington, July 2:���������In this dlscours<  j Dr. Talmage vigorously arra.ign.-i  one   o  the   great   evils   that   have   cur-secl  ��������� rlv  ,   world and urges generous   interprecatior  i of the characters of others; text, Roman  } i,   2f),    "Full   of  envy,   murder, debate  '   ; deceit, malignity���������whisperers."  '     Paul was here calling the long   roll o  , I the world's villainy, and he   puts   in thi  j midst of,this roll those persons known ii  all cities and communities and places   a.  I whisperers.    They   are   so called becausi  j they generally speak undervoice and in i  confidential way,   their hand   to tho sidi  I of their   mouth   acting, as   a   funnel tc  | keep   thc    precious     information '  froji  j wandering   into   the   wrong, ear.    Thej  I speak softly not because they    have   lad-  j of lung force   or   because   they are over  , powered with the spirit of gentleness, bui  i because they wane   to escape   tho   conse  ,' quences of defamation.    If   no   oi*>e hear/  ; but the person   whispered   unto   and fch������  f offender be arraigned,    he   can   deny tin  whole thing, for   whisperers   are  always  i first-class liars!  Some people whisper because they   art  hoarse from a cold or because   they wish  _ to convey some useful .information   with  ; : out disturbing others, but   the   creatines  ; photographed by the apostle in   my   text  ' ��������� give miiffled utterance from sinister   and  depraved motive, and sometimes yon can  'only,hear the sibilant sound as thelcttei  ;'*S" drops from the tongue into the listening ear, tho brief hiss of theserpent as it  projects its venom.  Whisperers are masculine ana feminine,  -'with a tendency to majority on   the side  of those  -who   are   called   "the   lords "of  creation."   Whisperers are heard at every  window of bank cashier and are heard in  all counting rooms as well as  in   sewing  societies and at meetings of asylum direc-  '    tors and managers.    They   are  the worst  .foes'of society,   responsible   for   miserieF  ���������innumerable; they are the scavengers   of  the. world,   driving   their   cart   through  every community, and to-day   I   hold up  for your holy  anathema   and   execration  these whisperers.  From the frequency with   wbish   Paul  'L speaks of them   under   different   titles  I  conclude   that   he -must   havo - suffered  somewhat from them.  His personal presence was very defective, and   that   made  him perhaps the target of their   ridicide,  and'besides that he was a   bachelor, persisting   in   his" celibacy    down    into the  sixties���������indeed,   all   the   way  through���������  and.-some having failed, in   their   connubial, designs upon him," the little missionary was put under the raking fire of tnese  whisperers.    He   was   no   doubt   a rare  ,    morsel for their   soandalization,   and   he  cannot keep his patience any longer, and  he lays hold   of   these   miscreants of tlie  tongue and gives them   a   very hard setting   down   in     my    text    among    the  scoundrelly and the   murderous.  "Envy,  murder, debate, deceit,   malignity���������whis-  'percrs."  Ulore Harmful Th:i!i Slumler.  . The law of libel makes quick and stout  grip of open slander.    If   I   should   in a  plain way, calling you   by name, charge  ������������������ you with fraud or theft or murder or un-  cleanness, to-morrow   morning jl   might  have   peremptory   documents   served   on  me, and I would have   to   pay in dollars  and cents for  the   damage   I   had   done  your   character.      But   these     creatures  spoken of in my   text   are   so small that  they escape the   fine   tooth   comb of the  law.  They go on, and they, go on, escaping the judges, and   the   juries   and the  penitentiaries.    The district attorney can-,  not find   them,    the   sheriff   cannot find  them, the grand jury cannot find   them.  Shut them off from one route of perfidy,  and they start on  another.    You   cannot  b3" the force of moralsentiment persuade  them to desist.    You .might as well read  the Ten   Commandments    to   a   flock-of.���������  crows, expecting   them   to  retreat under  the force of moral sentiment.    The}*   aro  to be found everywhere, these whisperers.  I think their paradise is a country village,  of   about   1,000   or   2,000   people  where  everybody   knows   everybody,    but they  also are to be found  in   large   quantities  in all our cities.  They have a prying disposition. They.  Jook into the basement windows at the  tables of their neighbors and can tell just  what they have .morning and night to  cat. They can see as far through a keyhole as other people can see with a door  wide open. They can hear conversation  on the opposite side of the room. Indeed,  the world to them is a whispering gallery. They always put the worst construction on everything.  Some morning a wife descends into the  street, her eyes damp with tears, ana  that is a stimulus to the tattler and is  enough to set up a business for three or  four weeks. "I guess that husband and  wife don't livo happily together. I wonder if he hasn't been abusing her? It s  outrageous! He ought to be disciplined.  He ought to be brought tip before the  church. I'll go right over to my neighbors, and I'll let them know about this  matter." She rushes in all out of breath  to a neighbor's house and says: "Oh,  Mrs. Allear, have you heard the dreadful  .news? Why, our neighbor, poor thing,  came down off trie steps in a flood of  tears. That brute of a husband has been  abusing her. Well, it's just as I expected.  I saw him the other afternoon very smiling and very gracious to some one who  smiles back, and I thought then I would  just go up to him and tell him he had  better go home and look after his wife  and family, who probably at   that   very  time were upstairs crying their eyes out.  Oh. Mrs. Allear, do have your husband  go over and nut an end to    this   trouble!  -a n siijipjy   om.raguous   tnat   our neign-  borhood should be*disturbed in this way!  'It's awful!"  The fact is thnt one man or woman set  on fire of this hellish spirit will keep a  whole neighborhood a-boil. It does not  require any very great brain. The chief  requisite ��������� is that tlie woman have a  small family or no family at all, .because  if she havo a Jarce family then she would  have to stay at ��������� home and look after  them, i It is very important that she be  single or have no children at all, and  then she can attend to all tho secrets of  the neighborhood all the time. A woman  with a large family makes a very poor  whisperer,    v  Kvil   M'nnli  Travel   J-'u.st.  It is astonishing how these   whisperers  gather up everything.   They know, eveiy-  thing that happens.    There aretelephone  and telegraph wires reaching from   their  ears to all   the   houses   in the neighborhood.    They   have   no   taste   for healthy  news, but   for   tho   scraps   and peelings  thrown out of the scullery into the   back  yard they have great avidity.  On tho day  when there is a new scandal in the newspapers they have*no   time to go   abroad.  On the day when there are four   or   five  columns   of   delightful .private     letters  published in a divorce case   she.   stays at  home' and reads and reads and reads.   No  time for her Bible that day,   but  toward  night, perhaps, she may find time to run  out a little'while and see   whether   there  are any new developments.   ���������  Satan does not' have, do keep a very  sharp lookout for his ' evil'dominion in  that neighborhood. He has let out to her  the whole contract. She gets husbands  and wives., into a quarrel ' and brothers  and sisters into antagonism, and sho'dis-  gusts the pastor with the flock and tho  flock, with the pastor, and she makes  neighbors who before were kindly disposed, toward each other oversuspicious  and critical, so when one of the neighbors  passes by in a carriage they hiss through  rheir teeth and say, "Ah, we could all  keep carriages if we never paid our  debts!"  When two or three whisperers get together, they stir a caldron of trouble,  which makes me think of the three  wirches of "Macbeth" dancing around a  boiling caldron in a dark cave:  Double,.double, toil and trouble,  . Fire burn and caldron bubble. ������������������  Fillet of a fenny snake  In tho caldron boil and bake;  Kye to newt and toe to frog,  Wool of bat and tongue of dog,  Adder's fork and blind worm's sting,  Lizard's leg and owlet's wing  For a charm of powerful trouble.  Like a hell both boil and bubble.  Double, double, toil and trouble,  Fire burn and caldron bubble, *  Scile of dragon, tooth of .wolf.  Witches' mummy, maw and gulf  Of the ravin'd salt sea shark;  Make the gruel thick and stark;  Add thereto a tiger's chaudron  For the ingredients of our caldron.  Double, double, toil and trouble;  Fire burn and caldron bubble;  Cool it with a baboon's blood,  Then the charm is firm and good.  a box of matches in' your   pocket   and a  razor in your hand and go   through   the  streets and see how many houses you can1  burn down and   how   many   throats you  can cut.  That is not a much worse   business.    The destruction of a   man's   name  is worse than the destruction of hi3   life.  A   woman   came   in   confessional   to , a1  priest and told him   that   she   had   been  slandering   her   neighbors.      The   priest  promised her absolution   on   condition of  her performing a penance. .He gave her a  thistle top and said. "You can take   that  thistle and scatter the seeds   all  over the  field."    She   went   and   did so and came  back.    "Now,"   said the  priest, "gather  up all those seeds.'.'   She said, "I can't."  "Ah,"    he   said.    "I   know   you   can't.  Neither can you gather up the evil words  you spoke about   your   neighhors."   All  good   men   and   all   good   women   have  sometimes   ha'd   detractors   after   them.  John Wesley's wife whispered about him,  whispered   all   over   England,    kept   on  whispering   about ' that    good   man���������as  good a man as ever lived���������and   kept   on  whispering xnuil the   connubial   relation  was dissolved.  Jesus Christ had these whisperers  after him, and they charged him with  drinking too much ���������hd keeping bad company, "A wine bibber and the friend of  publicans and sinners." You take the  best man that*ever lived and put a detective on his track for ten years, watching  where ho goes and when he comes and  with a determination to miscoritrue everything and to think he goes here for a bad  purpose and there for a bad purpose,  with that determination of ��������� destroying  him, at the end uf ten years he will be  held < despicable in the sight of a great  many people. '  ,  If it is an outrageous thing  to   despoil  a man's character, how much worse is it  to damage a   woman's   reputation?    Yet  that evil grows from century to century,  and it is all done by whisperers.    A suspicion is -started.    The   next   whisperer  who gets hold of it states   the   suspicion  as  a   proven,  fact,    and   many   a   good  woman,   as   honorable, as   your wife or  your mother, has been -whispered  out of  all kindly   associations,    and   whispered  into tho grave.    Some people say there is  no hell, but if there be no hell   for   such  a despoiler of   womanly -character   it  is  high time that some philanthropist built  one.  But there is such a place .established, and what a time they will have when  all the   whisperers   get   down   there  together   rehearsing   things!     Everlasting  carnival of mud.   Were it not for the uncomfortable   surroundings    you     might  suppose they would be glad to get   therein that   region   where   they   are all bad  what   opportunities   for   exploitation by  these   whisperers.    On   earth,    to despoil  their   neighbors   sometimes   they had to  lie about them, but down there  they can  say tho worst thinas possible about theii  neighbors and tell the truth.  .Jubilee   of  whisperers.     Semi-heaven     of     scandalmongers   stopping   their   gabble    about  their   diabolical     neighbors -only     long  enough to go up to the iron gate   and as  some newcomer from the earth. "What is  the last gossip in the city on earth where  we-used to live?"  J t  Cui-aUN  Kvcry Community.  Now. how are we to war   against  I would only change Shakespeare in  this, that where he puts the word  "witch" I should put the word "whisperer." Ah, what a cauldron! Did you  ever get a taste of it? I have more respect for the poor waif of the street that  goes down under the gaslight with no  homo and no God���������for she deseives no  one as to what she is���������than I have for  these hags of respectable ; society who  cover up their tiger claws with a fine  shawl and bolt the hell, of their heart  with a diamond breastpin.  The  .Masculine  Whisperers.  The work of masculine whisperers is  chiefly seen in the embarrassment of business. Now, I suppose there are hundreds  of men here who at some time have bien  in business trouble. I will ���������undertake to'  say that in nine cases out of ten it was  the result of some whisperer's work. The  whisperer uttered some suspicion in regard to your credit.. You sold your horse  and carriage because you had no use for  them, and the whisperer said: "Sold his  horse and carriage because he had to sell  them. The fact that he sold hi3 horse and  carriage shows he is going down in business."  One of your friends gets embarrassed,  and you are a little involved with him.  The whisperer says: "I wonder if he can  stand under all this pressure? I think he  is going down. I think he will have to  give up." You borrow money out of a  bank, and the director whispers outside  about it, and after, awhile the suspicion  gets fairly started, and it leaps from one  whisperer's dips to another whisperer's  lips'until all the people you owe want  their money and want it right away, and  the business circles come around you like  a pack of violves, and, though you had  assets four times more than were necessary to meet your liabilities, crash went  everything. Whisperers! Oh, how much  business men have suffered!  Sometimes in the circles of clergymen  we discuss why it is that a great many  merchants do not go to church. I will  tell you why they do not go1/ to church.  By the time Saturday night comes they  are wcrs out with the annoyances of  business life. They have had enough  meanness practiced upon them to set  their whole nervous system a-twitch.  Destroying Good  Names.  Rather than the defamation of good  names it seems to me it would be almost  as honorable and useful if you   just took  this  iniquity which curses every community  on earth ? First, by refusing to listen to  or believe a whisperer. Every court of the  land has for a law and all decent communities have' for a law that you must  hold people innocent until they are  proved guilty. There is only one person  worse than the whisperer, and that is thc  man or woman who listens without protest. The trouble is, you hold the sack  while they fill it. The receiver of the  stolen .goods is just as bad as the thief.  An ancient writer declares that a slanderer and a man who receives the slandei  ought both to be hanged���������the one by the  tongue and the other by the ear���������and I  agree with him.  When you bear something- bad about  your neighbors, do not go; all over and  ask about it, whether it is true, and  scatter it and spread it. You-':.might as  well go to a smallpox hospital and take a  patient and carry .him all through the  community asking people if they really  thought it a case of smallpox. That would  be very bad for the patient and for all  the neighbors. Do not retail slanders and  .; whisperings. Do not make yourself the  inspector of Ayarts, and the supervisor of  carbuncles, and the commissioner' for  street gutters, and the holder . of stakes  for a dog fight. Can it be that you, an  immortal man; that you, an immortal  woman, can find no better business than  to become a gutter inspector?  Besides that, at your family table allow  no detraction.    Teach   your   children   to  .'speak well of   others.    Show   them    the  difference between a bee and a wasp���������the  one gathering--honey, the other thrusting  a sting.    I   read   of a family where they  kept what they called "A Slander Book."  and   when   any   slanderous   words  were  uttered iu the house   about   anybody   or  detraction uttered it was all put down in  this book.  The book was kept   carefully.  For thc firs'; few weeks there wore a great  many entries, but after awhile there were  no entries at all.    Detraction   stopped in  that household.  It would be a good thing  to have a slander book in all'households  Ai-e any of you given to this   habit   of  whispering about 'others?    Let    me    persuade vou to desist.    Mount   Taurus was  a great place for eagles, and cranes would  fly   along    that   way,    and   they  would  cackle so   loud   that   the    eagles    would  know of their coming,   and   they   would  pounce upon them   and destroy them. It  is said that the old cranes found this out,  and before   they (started   on   their flight  they would always have a stone   in their  mouth so they could not cackle, and then  they would fly 5njperfect safety.  Oh, my  friends, be as wise as the old   cranes and  avoid the folly of the young   cranes.    Do  not cackle. >  Detraction   Changed   to Eulogy.  Let me charge! you, my friends, to  make right and holy use of the tongue.  It is loose at one end and can swing  either way, but itjis fastened at the other  end to the floor of j your mouth, and that  makes you responsible for the way it  wags. Xanthus, the philosopher, told his  servant that on the morrow he was going  to have some frientls to dine, and jjtold  him to get the best thing  he   could   find  in the market. The philosopher and his  guests sat down the next day at the  table. They had nothing but tongue���������  four or five courses of tongue���������tongue  .cooked in this, way and tongue cooked in  that way, and the philosopher lost his  patience and said to his servant, "Didn't  I tell you to get the best thing in the  market?" He said: "I* did get the best  thing in the market. Isn't the tongue  the organ of sociality, the organ of ' eloquence, the organ of kindness, the organ  of worship?"  ,  Then Xanthus said, "To-morrow I  want you to get the worst thing in the  . market." And on the morrow the philosopher sat at the tabla. and there was  nothing there but tongue���������four or- five  courses of tongue���������tongue in this shape  and tongue iii that shape, and the rjhilos-  opher again lost his patience and said,  "Didn't 1 tell 3*011 to get tho worst thing  in the market?" Tho servant replied, "I  did, for isn't the tonguo the organ of  blasphemy, the organ of defamation, the  organ of lying?"  Oh, my friends, employ the tongue  which God so wonderfully created as the  organ of taste, the organ of deglutition,  vho organ of articulation to make others  happy and in the servico of God! If you  whisper, whisper good���������encouragement  to the fallen and hope to the lost. Ah,  my friends, tho time will soon come  when we will all whisper! The voice  will be enfeebled in the last sickness,  and, tlibugh that voice could laugh and  shout and sing and halloo until the forest  echoes answered, it will bo so feeble theii  ���������we can only whispor consolation to those  whom we leave behind and only' whisper  our hope of heaven.  While I speak this very moment there  are hundreds whispering their last utterances. Oh, when that solemn hour comes  to you and to me, as come soon it will,  may it be found that we did our best to  serve Christ, and to cheer our comrades  in the earthly struggle, and that we consecrated not only our hand, but our  tongue to God. So that the shadows that  fall around our dying pillow shall not be  the evening twilight of a gathering  night, but the morning twilight of an  everlasting day.  This morning at half past 4 o'clock I  looked out of my window, and the stars  were , very dim. I looked out a fow  moments after, and the stars were almost  invisible. I looked ������������������ out an hour or two'  afterward. Not a star was to' be seen  What was the matter with tue shirs? Had  they melted into darkness? No. They  had melted into the  Sabbath morn.  glorious light of a  THE SUNDAY SCHOOL.  LESSON   III,  THIRD   QUARTER,   INTERNATIONAL SERIES, JULY  16.     -  Text of tlie Lcmnoii, Dan. iii. l-l-.'MJ.  Memory Vcmcn, 1C-1S���������Golden Text.  Dan. iii, 1T���������-Commentary 'Prepared  by, tlie Rev. Ii. SI. Steinrns.  [Copyright. 1S!19. by-D. M. Stearns.] <  11, 15. "Who is that God that shall .deliver you out of my hands?" Thus said  Nebuchadnezzar to Daniel's friends >;is he  gave them another chance for their lives,  threatening them with death , in thc fiery  furnace if they failed to worship the golden imago which he had set up. ' He had  said to Daniel in connection with thc declaration and interpretation of the forgotten dream, "Of a truth it is that your God  is a God of gods and a Lord of kings'  (chapter ii, 47), but in his pride he had  evidently forgotten this, and,now there is  no one so great in his estimation as himself. The spirit of the plain of Dura was  manifested on the plain of Shinar (Gen  xi, 4), and long before it was seen in Cain  It shall be fully seen in thc last days in  thc anti-Christ and his comi*-auions (Dan  xi, 3(5-3S;  II Thess. ii, 4;  Rev. xiii).  1G-1S. "Our.iGod'whom we servo is able  to deliver us from the j burning,' fiery furnace, and He, will deliver us out of thine  hand, O king!" So t*heydid not wish a  second trial, for their, purpose was firm  that they would not bow down to his gods  nor to his golden image which he had set  up, and they had no care as to consequences. What splendid confidence, in  Godl What grand indifference to man' or  his power! They knew and practiced Ps  Ixii, 5; xxvii, 3. To no one but the living God would they bow, and' in Him  alone would they trust.      '.'..;'  19:22. The fury!of the king, who knew  no one greater than himself, went forth  against them, and the most mighty men  in his army bound them and cast them  into the fiery furnace, which was heated,  seven times more than ordinarily. The  king has now done his worst, and those  who dared to stand against him have, as  he thinks, perished. Tlie mighty men  who'cast them into the furnace died by.-a  spark (see margin) from the furnace, for it.  is a terrible thing to touch a child of God.  It is like touching the apple of Mis eye  (Zech. ii, S). Then shall all perish from  before Him who dare to ' stand against  ���������Him.. The beast and false prophet shall  be cast alive into thc lake of fire, and a  thousand years later the devil also shall be  cast into tho same place, to be tormented  forever (liev. xix, 20;  xx, 10).  23 "And these three men fell down  bound into thc midst of tlie burning fiery  furnace." If the flame or a spark from  the furnace slew the mighty men who cast  them in, one would naturally expect these  three to have perished instantly, and the  king might have thought, or tho beholders  have said, "It is all over with them." but  there are powers and agencies of which  the mere natural man knows- nothing  Elisha's servaut saw only the Syrian army,  but Elisha saw tho chariots'of God. The  angels aro always ministering, and they  excel in strength, and nothing is too hard  for Him whom they serve (Ps. ciii, 20; .Jer  xxxii, 17).  24, 25. "Lo, I see'four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have  no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like  the Son Gf God." This the king saw, and  thus he spake to his counselors, whom he  had hastily called together. It would seem  that he had been watching the furnace  from afar and could see into it, and he  saw what he never thought to have seen,  living men walking in that seven times  heated    furnace.     This   was    somct-hi-_  greater than he knew, anything about,  and the fourth person in the furnace had:  something strangely supernatural about-  him.- Notice how tho fire wrought upon  the three men; it only burned their bonds:  and set them free to walk with God. That  is just what fiery trials do for believer's.  26.  "Yeservants of the Most High God,  come forth and come hither.5'- ,Thus said,  the king to the men against whom he had.  a  little   before   been   so    furious    -How  changed his attitude!    And  the power of  God  had  done  it.     What a literal fulfillment there had been of Isa. xliii, 2, "When     ,<(,,  thou walkcst through, the fire, thou shalt  not  be  burned; neither  shall   thc  flame-  kindle upon thee."    He can divide the sea.  or walk upon   it, still tho- stormy wind or  make it His chariot, quench the power of  the burning flame or ascend up in it (Judg.  xiii,   20).    What  became  of tho   fourth?  Whence   He came,  thither  Fie  returned.  Tho three  never found tho fourth so real  as  in that fiery furnace, and  many a believer can  testify  that   the. Lord   never;  seemed so real as in deepest trial.  27.- All the rulers saw these  men upon  whose bodies tho fire had no power, nor-  was a hair of their  heads singed; neither  were their coats changed, nor the smell of  lire had passed on them. When these rulers-,  returned to their homes  in  the provinces-  and told of the great image and its dedication,   thc  music  and  the  worship,   they  would doubtless speak of  theso lightly in'  comparison with  tho story of  these three-  and  their wonderful  experience, and  the  unseen 'God  whom   they  worshiped  and  His power over the fiory' furnace, and thus-  tho  God  of Israel   would   be   magnified.  But God docs not always deliver this way. ���������'  Yet in the resurrection all shall be as free-  from  harm   as were  the   bodies of L these-  three.  .28.  "'Blessed, bo  the God of  Shadrach,  Meshach and Abcdnego, who hath sent Hia-  angel and delivered His servants that trust-   '  ;i  ed in Ilim.','    Thus by,refusing to worship     y]  any God except their own   God  they had      "*  seen His power and now see Him honored  ,by the  king of  Babylon, who  could  not  otherwise so havo known Him.    Conform-"  ity to  tho world  never   honors' God, but-  separation from it for Christ's sake always,  does.    The reason   that the church lias so  little power  for God is  because  she-is so-  full of bowing to the world for the sake of  the world's favor, when she should be seek--  ing thc favor of God alone.  29. "There is no other god that can de- -  liver after this sort." Thus confessed the  king, and ho made a decreo that if any  people, nation or, language should say anything amiss against the God of these three  men such should be slain. How we might  honor God, and how greatly He would bo  honored in us if we would positively refuse to bow- to tho world for the sake of  its favor! Yet people say, How could the  work go on if we had riot thc good will of  this one or that one, men and women,of  means and of influence, whose favor seems'  necessary? _, ���������  ��������� ������������������   -  30.  " Then the king promoted Shadrach,    .-fl  Meshach and Abcdnego in tho province of       /\  Babylon.1" oLittle did they.think that.the  stand  they took  against .the king would'  finally secure his favor.    When wo seek to '  stand, only   with  and  for   God,  He  will  without any seeking on   our   part give us  thc,favor of all whom we need and whom  Ho  can   use.    See  bow wondrously God  works for and through such as aro wholly  His.    "It is God who worketh."  OBSERVING  WASPS.  They Use liiuidmii-ki* to Guide Them  Duels to Tlieir 1'rey.  There can be no doubt whatever that  wasps havo landmarks by which they aro  guided in their expeditions. Here is an  exceedingly interesting account by Mr.  Belt, one of our contributors, of the maneuvers of one of these wonderful creatures:  "A specimen of Polistes earn if ex (i. e.,  tho sand wasp) was hunting about for  caterpillars in my garden. 1 found-one  about an inch long and held it out toward  it on the point of astick: It seized it immediately arid commenced biting it from  head to tail, soon reducing: the soft body  to amass of pulp::/ It rolled up about one-  half of it into a ball and prepared to carry  it off. Being at the time amid a thick  mass of a fine leaved climbing plant, it  proceeded, before flying away, to take note  of the place where it was leaving the other  half. To do this ,it hovered- in front of: it  for a few seconds, then took small circles  in front of it, then larger ones round the  whole plant. I thought it: had gone, but  it returned again and had another look at  the opening in the dense foliage down  which the other half of the caterpillar lay.  It then flew away, but must have left its  burden for distribution with its comrades  at the nest, for it returned in less than  two minutes and, making one circle  around the bush, descended to the opening, alighted on a leaf and ran inside.  '���������The green remnant of the caterpillar  was lying on another leaf inside, but not  connected with the one on which the wasp  alighted, so that in running in it missed  it and soon got hopelessly'lost in the thick  foliage. Coming out again, it took another circle and pounced down on the same  spot again, as soon as it came opposite to  it. Throe, small seed pods, which hero  grew close together, formed the marks I  had myself taken to note the place, and  these the wasp seemed also to have taken  as its guide, lor it flew directly down to  them and ran inside; but, the small leaf  on which the fragment of caterpillar lay  not being dh'cotly connected with any on  the outside, it again missed it and again  got far away Iron i the objectof its search.  It then flew out again, and the same  process was repeated again and again.  "Always when in circling round itcamo  in sight of the seed pods,- down it pounced,  alighted near them and recommenced its '  quest on foot. I was surprised at its perseverance and thought it would have given  up the search, but not so. It returned at  least half a dozen times and seemed to get  angry, hurrying about with buzzing  wings. At k:st it stumbled across its  prey, seized it eagerly and, as there was  nothing more to come back for, flew  straight off to its nest without taking any  ^further note of thc locality. Such an ac- .  tion is not thc result of blind instinct, but  of a thinking mind, and it. is wonderful to  see an insect so differently constructed using a mental process similar to that of  man. "���������Our Animal Friends.  ./.- 4
TOM M'CiRffl'S BE.il)
1  0
I f
Utah Will Give Five Thousand
Dollars For It.
Hcutl<r_a.rterN In a Spacious mid Well
FiiriiiMlicd Cave���Fifty Unman SUel-
etous Fonntl In tlie XelKJiliorliood.
A H\�� Dnndit Trnst.'
Utah, by. a special act of its legislature,
lias' set a price on the head of Tom McCarthy, dead or alive. Whoever capturos
or kills McCarthy will receive the sum of
��0.000 from the state treasury on delivery
of tho prisoner or his bond. It is a hard
way of dealing with a human being, but
McCarthy is a hard man and ordinary
methods aro useless in his case.
Tom McCarthy, says the Chicago Inter
Ocean,'is a bandit and cattle thief who
heads a band of outlaws that for years has
terrorized the peoplo of Utah, Wyoming
and Colorado. He makes his headquarters
in the Blue range of the Rocky mountains,
where, in a sequestered canyon, he has a se-
* cret rendezvous in a cave, luxuriously, furnished and equipped with an electric light
plant, fortified with artillery and supplied
'With' stores of food and ammunition
against the possibility of a siege. A little
over a year ago three governors���Adams
of Colorado, Wells of Utah and Richards
of Wyoming���entered into arrangements
whereby the militia of the three states was
to be sent against the robbers. Plans
were made and the matter was well under
way when the first sign's of hostility between this country and Spain were heralded The soldiers were needed against a
greater and more than, local foe, and the
repression of the outlaws was laid fop a
time upon the gubernatorial shelf. Perhaps it was well, judging by the tales of
the gang and its strength which are cur-
' rent
In fact, it has been decided by the administration of Utah that the soldiers are
not the agency which can combat and
overcome the McCarthy brigands or make
the attempt with the best chance of success. The movement of a body of troops
and a military campaign would be too
much like an open book for the eyes of tho
vigilance of this band, which has long ago
taken precautions against just such a move
on the part of outraged justice.
Tho people of America, excepting those
who are acquainted with the history and
methods of the McCarthy band, will probably smile incredulously when told there
exists within the. bounds of their nation
nti organization of criminals held in absolute control by a man whose, generalship,
inventive ability and remarkable personality are equal to many of the most famous generals of olden and modern times
���a man whose exploits make those of
.1 esse .lames and leaders of his stripe seem
iikuchild's play, and whose influence is
felt not only in the territory he harasses,
but in the marts of tho greatest American
cities Will not the smile change into a
look of wonder when, it is told that the
men under tho government of this king, of
bandits live in a fortress more impregnable than the walled city of Acres or the
rock of Gibraltar, whose natural protection is onhanced by artificial means in
keeping with the most fantastic dreams of
Jules Verne and whose interior in its rich
and gorgeous fittings would turn green
with envy the owner of the fabled cave of
Monte-Christo? And yet these things are
The people have come to the conclusion
that tho only way to deal with the gang is
through men as wary as they. The posses
to bo sent against them will net besiege
the rocks which hold the gang, but they
will depend more upon killing the members one by one as they venture out for
supplies. .They will try to invest the
place and starve out the outlaws. They
may be successful, but it will not be done,
according to the judgment of people who
know, in a few days or weeks. It is generally believed that there will be bloodshed
on both sides before the object of the legislature is accomplished.
Tom McCarthy, the leader of the Blue
mountain robbers, or the "Hole In the
"Wall society," as it is often called, has
been called the Napoleon of outlawry. His
origin is in doubt, but it is known that
he is wanted in several parts of the country for crimes of unusual atrocity.- His
appearance is anything but prepossessing
He is about 5 feet G inches in height and
weighs-about 173 pounds His forehead
is narrow and forbidding and covers deep
set, gray eyes. A fold of fat curls over
the point of his chin. His mouth is wide
and his teeth are'irregular. His nose is a
pugv and his ears are turned forward.
j With a small following McCarthy-perpetrated several mail and express robberies a number of years ago on stagecoaches over the Utah desert and in the
mountains It was his first appearance in
the country in this role, and before long
his daring exploits gathered about him a
choice company of criminals from the
neighboring states and territories. After
moving about considerably, always'pursued by th^ sheriffs, the company settled
in a certain point of the Blue mountains,
on the lino between Colorado and Utah.
The loss of some of tho most' daring of his
comrades has seemed to give McCarthy an
idea of establishing a rcnuezvouswhero he
might retreat when sorely pressed.
Miners and prospectors havo in a number of, instances wandered close upon the
retreat of. the bandits and havo always
been warned away and never molested if
their business in the locality was clearly
peaceful. A few havo engaged in a fight
with the outlaws,' who were retreating* to
their granite fortress, and have lived to
tell about it. From these sources a-faint
idea has been gained of the character'of
thc piace. Now and then one of thc band,
while visiting a town not many miles
(away, has revealed a number of things in
r<his cups. .    ,
. The exact locality of the retreat of McCarthy and his men is not known, though
there aro persons who could guide a'party
within three, or four-miles of it.   The path
runs through a narrow canyon and leaves
it at a  particularly  wild"'and ' tortuous
place for a serpentine trail running a mile
or moro'up and down tho heights. Again,
at the end of this tuail there is a passageway  blasted  and  cut  through  the solid
rock.    The termination  of   this   shorter
.pathway brings the robber to thc entrance
of  the gathering place, which  is nothing
��� less than a great cave or amphitheater in
, the center of the rock. \ <
This'is the throneroom of thc Irishman,
and from this there run in all directions
tunnels, their openings artfully concealed,
so great aro the precautions of tho band,
and their other ends terminating, at one
side or the other of the mountain. This*is
known froiii statements made by miners
and mechanics who.were taken by the,
gang to do'the work aud who were blindfolded while approaching and leaving the
But the most remarkable feature of all
is the fact, boasted of by more than one of
the gang, that the cave ��� possesses an' excellent electric motor and dynamo, taken
-- there pieceme-1 on horseback. It is even
said that the system is' used to light the
,. rocky recesses, but the ^chief boast is that
it is for another purpose., Robbcris' say
that wires run from the room of the chief
to all approaches, of _ the fortress and communicate with charges of dynamite!' They"
have stated that it would be possible for
them to annihilate a regiment of soldiers
and that tho exploding of dynamite in the
i approach from .thewest side would close
the passage instantly, after which they
could either lie in the cave with security
or escape from one of the many openings
and'scatter over tho country.
The fortress is about' 15  miles  from   a
settlement on the edge of the desert called
Courthouse.   It is but about 30 miles east
and  north  of  the county seat of  Grand
county,   Moab.  and  from  this  place,'the
band  gets all  its supplies.    In fact, the
town is almost owned by thc bandits, and
none  of   the   inhabitants   has   sufficient
courage  to inform  against them.      The
common talk among cattlemen and miners in this section of the country is to be
relied upon for the story of the manner of
living within this remarkable place.   It is
said there are about 200 men in the band,
and it is known  that many fugitive murderers  and  escaped   convicts,   the  latter
from all states, and especially from Colorado, Utah, Wyoming and Nevada, are in
che number.    '
As the country gradually fills up the
robbers aro abandoning their practice of
holding up trains and travelers and aro confining their depredations mostly to herds
of cattle and sheep. They are said to
operate extensive grazing pastures in the
heart of the Blue or Book mountains.
They are experts at rebranding cattle and
make a specialty of gathering up stray
mavericks. It has been known for years
that they have agents at different points.,
The police believe that the band has representatives iii Chicago, Cheyenne and
Denver, while there are firms in the east
in collusion with the gang. McCarthy
ships his cattle east, where they aro sold,
and he receives tho checks in return by
mail. Those checks are cashed almost daily
in western banks, though always through
a third party.
A former United States deputy marshal
of Utah is authority for tho statement that
there aro 50 skeletons lying in a gulch not
a great way from the mouth of McCarthy's
canyon The marshal says that he saw
the.place himself, and that the skeletons
represent persons put out of the way by
robbers, who feared they would reveal secrets they had stumbled across. McCarthy
is said to encourage such crimes, but a
story is told of him to the offect that a
prospector one day wandered too near the
hiding place of the gang, and McCarthy
sent him $100, with instructions to leave
at once.
Texans Who Wanted to Keep a
Smallpox Epidemic.
Uncle   Snm'd   Soldiers   Called   Ont   to
Adsist   tlie   Doctors   In   Milking*   tlie
, Peonle    Take    Their ' Medicine    n��
Preneriuetl. (
A new doctor recently went to Laredo,
Tex., who did not know that tho natives
prefer smallpox to any sort of interference with their ideas of life. The doctor
notified tho state board of health and received instructions to ��ioko a house to
house inspection of tho town and scrapo
tho arms of all persons who seemed in
need of that sort of irritation. Ho secured
five assistants and started out. When tho
virus began to "take,", tho town got sore
von tho doctor and his assistants and laid
for him with clubs. But the doctor had
another card up his sleeve. Ho ordered
the removal of the obstreperous to the detention hospital. 'J' n
Then the circus began in earnest, and
gun plays became frequent. A posse went
tho rounds with the ambulance in which
suspects were removed, and on^the second
trip the assistant city marshal was shot
' down. Then the', Rangers were called
away from, that board fence to guard tho
ambulance., That was an invitation to
scrap that no native Texan could ignore,
and so formidable wore 'the preparations
mado'to wipo out the Rangers that the
mayor decided to suspend operations in
order to prevent a massacre.
, But there was no let up, on the part of
that doctor. He kept af^ter tho state board
of health, and finally, through tho instrumentality of that body,- - Uncle Sara sat
into the'game. He-drew a handful' of
spades and played his ' Tenth cavalry to
.beat everything in sight. The ambulanco
was sent out again with! an escort of troopers and rangers. They were fired upon,
and the captain of thc rangers fell. Then
the troopers let go, and the mob scattered
���those of them that- were able to get
away. One of the leaders of the mob was
killed. ' -
Having had its little bit of excitement
and expressed its opinion - of the proceedings, the town  has  now  quieted   down
Acting Assistant Surgeon  Hamilton  has
position     There have been about 12 to 15
refusals, which had to be reported, arrest
ed and then vaccinated; otherwise no trou
ble.  There have been more than 1,300 vac
einated or revacciuated since I commenced
and  there would  have   been   more only 1
had  my corps  stop work  when  fighting
was going on, for fearsome of them might-
be injured."
Cool Eiiongli.
"George," "said  tho fair maid, "I hone
you will keep cool when you call to iuter
view papa."
''You can  bet  I will!"   muttered the
faint hearted youth.    "Why, it gives nie"��
chill to even think about calling on him.'
���Philadelphia Rdcord.
r ��� ��� :	
watchmaking. i   He was an apt pupil an3
became a skilled workman.
The decree of the German court martial
in the Von Larisoh case had been that the
young nobleman was banished for 45
years; his name, titles and estates were
taken away. Von Larisch heard the verdict before he left New Orleans. His only-
femark was, "1 shall try to bear my fat��
with courage."    He has done so.
nnd    Doiviii    In    tlie    Career
Count von I^arincli.
Count Edmund von Larisch is working,
from dawn until lato at night, says the
New York-World, in a little shop at 11
East Houston street, a' few doors from
Broadway, where he is known as Edmund
Heinockc, tho watchmaker.
In a few months he will be able to resume tho"title and rank which he lost
when he was exiled from his uativo hand
for a fatal assault upon  a superior officer.
The German war office has sent word
officially that thc count- is to be recalled
from" exile and restored to rank.
Tho commander, whom Von Larisch
killed was Count von Ponita, a German
nobleman of, Polish origin. As is usual
with very young men,   Von Larisch  was
Saved   by "April  Fool."
.April fooling is a very noted practice ire
France, and we get traces of its prevalence
there at an earlier period tnan is the case
in England. For instance, it is related
that Francis, Duke of .Lorraine, and hiSr
wife, being in captivity at Nantes, effectecL
their escape in'consequence of the attempt-
being made on the 1st of April.
"Disguised as peasants, the one bearing
a hod on his shoulder, tlie other carrying
a basket of rubbish at her back, they both,
at nn early hour of the day, passed through,
the gates of , the city. A woman having
a knowledge of their persons, ran to the -'
guard to give notice to tho sentry. 'April
fool!' cried tho soldier, and all the guard,,
to a man, shouted out 'April fooll' beginning with the sergeant in chargo of the
post. ',' ���    .
'' The governor, to whom tho story was ���
told as a jest, conceived some suspicion
and ordered the fact to be proved, but ife
was too late, for in the meantime the duke
and his wife were well on their,way. The*
fast of April saved them."
'- ;-*l
on, up-
(iouil    Tilnte.
In selecting a topic of conversation it
should as far as possible be in keepinc
���with the circumstances under which it is
to be carried on.
In a wine merchant's house one does
not go out of one's way to introduce the
subject of total abstinence, nor would one
allude pointedly to the iniquity of the
stage to an actor, or at a Wesleyan prayer
meeting descant on the beauty of the
Anglican ritual. It is never well to wax
too eloquent on the advantages of one's
own country to a foreigner.
The moment at which to look away,
the word which not to speak, tha crisis
at which not to smile, the power to
recognize these supreme moments is good
taste personified.
sent his report to the government at
Washington, and in it he says, among
other things: *���   -
"Although this city had been mapped
into districts and physicians appointed to
each district to vaccinate all persons not
recently vaccinated, there are a large
-number unvaecinated and 'therefore fuel
for the epidemic now in birr midst.
"I have often advised authorities to
issue some law compelling vaccination by
force if necessary; also that they should
isolato these cases more perfectly. They
created no law compelling vaccination
and forcibly taking of persons to the pest-
houso or detention camp until I returned
from Guerrero, Mexico. I found then
there had been an alarming increase in
the number of cases reported, but I am
still in doubt as to tho correctness of tho
reports, as the cases reported do not correspond with the number now on hand.
"We shall know the exact number on
hand in two days, as by that timo all tho
cases will have been moved into the pest-
house by force. The state health officer,
as I wired you,-took charge, and he had
to call on United States troops for assistance, as the people would not be removed.
The assistant city marshal was wounded
while trying to keep an ambulance at
work, and the ambulance had to stop, as
there was too much excitement, and the
mob was largo and beyond the control of
the Texas rangers and city police The
state health officer needed more force, and
one troop of thc Tenth United 'States cavalry was put at the service of the mayor.
"When the ambulance recommenced to
move out patients, the mob again becamo
uncontrollable, and the captain of the
state rangers was wounded and one of tho
leaders of the mob killed and several others wounded. The troops wero called upon
and responded at once, cleared the streets.
and there has been no disturbance since.
"Notwithstanding all this trouble tho
vaccinating corps, of ���'which I took chargo
for a thorough house to house inspection
and vaccination, have had very little op-
susceptible, and it was' soon rumored that
ho had fallen desperately,in love with the
beautiful Countess von Armin Boitzen-
burg, whose estates joined those of Major
von Ponita.
It was tho custom for the officers to
meet in the casino at Salzwedcl, and on
the evening of May 22, 1856, Von Larisch
and the commanding officer were smoking
in the cafe.
Without provocation Major von Ponita
made some remarks derogatory to the
character of Von Larisch's sweetheart
Von Larisch was restrained by his friends
from taking notice of the superior officer's
On the following morning, during drill,
Major von Ponita took occasion frequently to reprimand Von Larisch without
cause, obviously with tho intention of
irritating him to a point beyond his control.
Von Ponita succeeded at last in provoking the younger man t beyond his endurance. As ho uttered some particularly insulting remarks the lieutenant threw his
glove in the major's face, and the latter
instantly rushed at Von Larisch with' his
drawn sword.
From the outset it was plain that Major
von Ponita intended to make the fight one
for life or death. At the first onslaught
he tried to run his sword through his adversary's throat, but the pointof the weapon went too high and wounded the lieutenant's eye.
The second thrust was also aimed at
the throat. This time tho major's sword
struck Von Larisch's mouth, hewing out
several teeth.
As Von Ponita could not instantly
withdraw his sword Von Larisch thrust
his saber through the major's breast.
Count von Ponita fell from his horse
dead. Tho sword thrust through his heart
settled accounts between inferior and superior officers.
Von Larisch dashed furiously away and
in tho tumult escaped arrest. Urging his
horse to the utmost speed, ho reached the
gate of a castle belonging to a friend,
miles from tho scene of the tragedy. The
poor faithful beast fell dead as his master
Von Larisch told his story and was provided with a new horse, his wounds were
bound up, and ho managed to reach the
In tho autumn of 1856 Von Larisch,
under the���name of Edmund Heinecke,
which he bears at present, sailed from
Calais on the Dutch sailing vessel Thekla,
arriving in New Orleans after a long voyage.
Without knowledge of thc country or
tho language and with little money the
German nobleman soon found himself
penniless and seeking work. He went
from place to place looking for employment He was finally reduced to such
straits that he accepted a position as dish
washer in the French market rcstr.iirant
in .New Oi-leans.
Flo worked so well and appeared so intelligent that tho patrons of the restaurant
became interested in him, and one of them
offered to  teach  Heinecke   his   trade of
Too much water for plants is often as
detrimental as too little. ' "
The soil for trees' should; bo, good and
free from stagnant water.
Plant orchard and other'fruits
lands and not in wot valleys.        ,
Late pruning of grapes is objectionably
on account of tho vines bleeding. ' c ,   ''���-.',' i
Do not try to plant until*-the soil will r <,
work- readily into good condition.       r      ' ���< >
Water should never be allowed to str-icl 5
around evergreens and fruit trees.    rt     ���
In dwarfing trees there must bo a certain   .
dissimilaiity between scion and stock.    U '.-'���,
"Apple trees a year old/ if properly grown;:',
are usually of-the right size for grafting.,,'   ^
Cuttings of  currants  and 'gooseberries ',<���
should be planted out as early as possible ]
��� now.  -       '       ���        ,''.���'���' |
When black knot attacks'' the , small '1 ~
limbs, the best plan ie to cut off and burn * -,
them.    ' t       .        ' ''"���.','- -( ','-*
��� One secret cf successful transplanting is *
to have tho soil-brought in closo contact.'--'
with the roots. "    . '���'* ��� \ '"- *7"
' Coal ashes scattered freely .around the)i\
stem of the tree not only act as a'mulch, -.'.',;
but also ,keep down the weeds and grass".,' <
that would otherwise deplete tho soil of \j
the moisture the .tree needs..".,
��� *-ifcr
,'  '-is I
' \1_l
5; I
/   'Hi v|
��� ��--f.W!
A A .���*���'���
>... -"*-,{���
~~.���>���7       '   '���  ,'- *\"'t!,'v;;-^'j_J
tJupiter is the fifth of the planets, reck- .'Vv?v3
oning outward from the sun, the earth-bar *t---'$��
ing the third and Mars the fourth.    ���-'�� ''.'������': ''*,^
People in the arctic regions can converse '
when more than a mile apart because there
the air, being cold  and  dense, is a  very
good conductor, and the smooth surface of
the ice also  favors the transmission ' of'
sound.   - " -*
Signor Marconi reports that he has sue--.
ceeded iii telegraphing without wires from-
��� Alum bay to Bournemouth; a distance of
15 miles, at tho rate of 15 words a minute.
He sent 1,000 words a day, and the ines-.-
sages were easily read.
Dr. G. Carl Hnber, ~ assistant professor*'
of anatomy and director of the histological
laboratory at the University' of Michigan,
lias demonstrated that, contrary to the belief of the best physiologists of the world;
thc blood vessels ol the brain are controlled
by nerves. ,   '
The meteor that fell in New Jersey
probably went there to organize a meteor-
trust.���Schenectady Star.
��� Thc coffin combine announces in effect
that now it will be cheaper than ever to
die, but no one takes any interest in such.
a trust.���Galveston'News.
The formation of the peanut trust being
duly accomplished, the  enterprising promoter should lose no time in getting ins
his work on ginger cakes and toothpicks.
���Omaha Bee.
There may come a time when the trusts,
having assimilated everything else insight, will rejoice their opponents by commencing operations on one another���-
Washington Star.
It is not believed that the trusts were
overwhelmed with surprise when they
learned that Attorney General Griggs did
not think the government could interfere
with them.���Detroit Tribune.
Jerry Simpson's book is to be entitled-
"If the Devil Came to Congress." Why
tho"ifi'"���Philadelphia Ledger.
We arc unable to restrain an inclinations
to commend the noiseless manner in which
Hon. Wharton Barker is running for ther
presidency.���:Washington Post.    *
The New Hampshire legislature has adjourned, not to meet again until tho last;,
month of the present century. Happy
New Hampshire!���Boston Herald.
The announcement that Congressman-
Smith is in Washington in quest of census,
jobs for his constituents will keep numerous Michigan districts in a state of terrible agitation over the question of the hour
������"What Sniithr"���Detroit Free Press.
Tlie Retort Conrteona.
Judge (to old witness ascending bencb
by mistake)���Is it a judge you want to
be. my man ? .        '
Old Witness���Maybe it's all I'm fit
for now, your lordship.���Tit-Bits.
He���Be mine, darling I You are the-
lamp that alone can light my existenca
She���Yes. dear; but papa doesn't
think you are a good match for me.���
Jewelers' Wee-k-ry _rfi *c_^irje-  ������^ ������������-.-y ������, /-  ���������ME  CUMBERLAND NEWS.  - - -ISSUED EVERY SATURDAY.  M. E.- Eissett Editor.  The columns of The News are open to all  $t&0 wish "to express therein-views "on matrt-  \oh*-of public interest. \  ' ������' ���������' .While we do nof-hold ourselves xespon������-  ���������-b&'-for the utteiancifcb of corres|.onaeutt,' wa  i-sadrvo the ,t ght of declining to insert  ���������ootsmunicatieas unnecessarily person-ally,  S3T Advertisers who' want "Ejusir ad  changed, should get copy-*in by  c12 a:ra. '.day before issue.  ���������SATURDAY,"  AUG.' 12th,    1899:  ���������COAiL   THE RESULT  OF FLOTATION AND   DEPOSITION IN  LADLES.-      "    ���������'  ^The recent important  modifications -in our 'ideas of the mariner in  which coal was produced -are summarized by Dr. Philippe Gl-angeaurd  i-n;: La  Nature."'It was jiot  long,  '  .says"-the  doctor," since -we had   no  exact idea ,of the  manner "in which  ijbal was formed.    It was once supposed; that it wap due  to .the influ-,  ���������ekce of "central 'fire;7' we were far  torn suspecting that it had organic  origin.    It is chiefly by -the.discov-  - -e-rjtes to|  French  scientists that  we  feWbeen' able to solve this ,pr.ob-  lem. *Vhich   is so imponan-t  both  "V "  ' ' '      n - -   - ��������� '   i  irom  the scientific   and practical  point of view.  * In the first, place observation  .showed that coal is made up of vegetable remain?^ more or less alter-  gd,rB.ingled'with a brown substance  y coming also from the decomposition  of vegetable matter. This proof led  Certain scientists to believe thai  coal had come, "from .the burial   of  - forests in the pbj.ee wjbere, they had  ' .grown.     A" luf'iuriarit , vegetation ���������  " miiat Ih.awe'.CG-veried the soi_, ancl on  vr>\\t,v ���������',*-'��������� " ��������� .  ������2ta$ cpemR-i-ES of the vegetable species  ' (that fell and decayed sprang "pp  new plants. This assemblage form-  ���������ed a "considerable accumulation of  vegetable ' matter. According to  theories then in favor, a cataclysm  iook'-place; the forest was covered  by waves' charged with sands and  . clays, under which the vegetable  mass disappeared. Quiet was restore.^, another 'forest'grew on the  remains e>f the first, and a new cat-  aclysm covered this also with new-  sands .and clays.' Thus was explained the alternation of coal-  bearing strata with rock and slate  ' -that was observed in coal regions.  This  theory, which was  current  for some time, could not be sustain  -ed by a  close examination of  the  facts.    In fact it  was noticed   that  the layers of coal were very regular,  and[that the trunks of trees had of-  ���������ten been   found with   their roots in  ���������ih.e air; finally it was impossible to  >admit that vegetation could be p-rc-  aerveql in the open air.    It wad necessary  that it  should be  removed  from the action   of the air in order  to  be. altered  into  a combustible  ���������mineral.  '"After having' made a large num-  jber of observations of this Jcind, M.  i\ayol, a French engineer in charge  of ' the coal mines at Commentary,  was led to propose a new theory of  ���������the formation   of -coal-r���������a   theory  stituting the pudding stones -were  formed of rocks whose place .of or-  igin was sometimes -quite distant.  As to the coal, it -was the result of  vegetable debris laid down .in horizontal layers; one above the other.  He concluded from these data that  a liquid must have been necessary  to ti a ii sport and arrange in this  w&y these different elements. (Joal  then, was not formed in tlie places  where it grew; it -is a product ,of  transportation.  ��������� The climate of the coal^och being very moist, 'abundant floods  carried away trees and whole forests *  and swept them into lake basins.  The trees thus for mod great rafts of.  loss like those on certain American  rivers. * * * The heaviest  materials, gravel, sand, clays were  deposited in the order of their destiny. The lighter vegetable ������������������ matter'floated longer and was deposited last. Thus is explained why  the layers of earth and coal are not  parallel, and  why all these layers,  ���������''       '������ '<  as been observed in deltas, are inclined in the same direction and at.  different angles.  M. Fayol tested his hypothesis  by experiments on rapid sediment-���������  ation. He produced, artificially,  with the aid of small torrents, all ���������  the circumstances observed in the  coal basins of the central plateau.  The facts observed to-day' at the  moiith of the Mississippi make M.  FaybPs hypothesis even more probable.  But the results reached do not  stop here, from a scientific point of  view. Whi'e the old theory required thousands of centuries for the  formation of a coal basin, .tlie theory ojf flotation enables us to understand that a relatively short period would have been sufficient to  form the depression in which the  coal was deposited. The discovery  of boulders of coal, found in several-  basins, even justifies the conclusion  that the coal was formed before its  transportation by the water. So  coal was the result of flotation of  vegetable matter and its deposition  in lakes.  Mr. Glangeaud notes that not all  coals are formed from trees and  large plants. Some were the product of very small, almost microscopic, algas that covered the surface of still water. Such were the  coalbeds called "bogheads"  To sum up, attentive and careful  examination of the constitution of  coal,enables us to understand the  different ways in which it could  have been: formed, concludes the  writer. Science has probably not  said its last word, and perhaps new  discoveries are at hand that will  throw new light on the question of  the origin of the most, important  combustible mineral, without which  the activities of the nations would  be quickly brought to a standstill.  FOB SALE:   Old  papers.    .Apply at News Office.  SPOKANE    INDUSTRIAL  EXPOSITION.  based-.on. facts and experiments, a  rational   theory,   which   has  now  gained,' the adherence of all   scientific men.    The mines of C'-mmen-  try a-ije in part  worked in the open  air, ;2o that' it is easy to observe the  relation's.-of the different strata that  make  up' the   region.    M.   Fayol.  noticed at first that the pebbles con- j  liu , IV v- ...   ���������.  ���������  The Spokane Industrial Exposition in October will not only have  a splendid mineral exhibit, but one  of the most interesting features of  the big show will be the mining  machinery department. This machinery will be in actual motion,  and will be grinding out thc ores,  pounding rock, grilling.,  .etc.,   day  a^*55M_c=r r ******       r1'    -  * _^_  .after day at the fair. All the latest mining machinery, appliances  and mining devices, will be on exhibition. The-big mining machinery houses will put in .extensive -���������- r  tensive exhibits. . Mining m'*p will  find this department very instructive and interesting. Thc n.-jtion  ���������of the machinery will also be inter-  t  es ing to every other man, wman  and child, who visits the -exposition. Baker City has promised to  send a large quantity of ores,  which will be worked up in machinery hall during the fair.  In the ' mineral department at  the Spokane Industrial Exposition  this year gold, silver and "bronze  medals and-diplomas will be award  ed. These to miners aud -jmining  camps will be more valuable than  any cash prizes would have been.  For the state or province making  the best coiliective exhibit there  will.be a gold medal given;, for thc  second best,, a silver medal, and for  the third best, -a .bronze medal.  British Columbia, Idaho, Washington and Montana will be competitors for this gold medal.  For the best district exhibit there  r J  will be gold, .ilver and broiaze medals'for the first,-second ' and third  prizes. Rossi and,' Slocan, Republic, the Cce-ar d'Alenes, Buffalo  Hump, Baker City, Boundary and  other big districts near- and far  must fight out this contest.  "Then there are a number of individual exhibits for which prizes  are offered. For each of these individual exhibits a silver madal will  be given for the first prize, and a  . bronze medal will be given for the  hr-onze medal for the second  prize.  Thes-e different   individual   prizes  \ '  will be as follows:  For the Best exhibit of gold hug-  gets; for the\ best exhibit of free  gold ore; for the best exhibit of silver ore; foil the best exhibit of silver lead ore; for the best display  of copper ore; for the best display  of copper-gold ore; for the best display of coal; for the best display of  ornamental stone and for the best  arranged exhibit. In each of these ���������  classes there will be silver and  bronze medals awarded.  In another department a bronze  medal for the first prize, antl a diploma for the second prize will be  given for the best exhibit in - each  of the following 15 classes:  Iron, coke, clays, munufactured  products of clay, building stone,  mica, limestone, asbestos, zinc ore,  antimony ore, molybdenite, platinum, rare minerals and precious  stones.  In all tho above competitions on  ly minerals from Washington, Idaho, Oregon, Montana and British  Columbia will be eligible for entry  for awards. But there are prizes  which will be open to competition  for exhibits from all parts of the  world. These are as follows: For  the best cabinet exhibit, a silvt x  medal will be given; for the second  best cabinet'exhibit, a bronze medal will be given. Silver and bronze  medals will also be fgiven for the  first and second prizes for the best  technical exhibit.  The mineral department has  gone at its work in ample season  and intends to have all exhibits in  place by the ^opening day. In order to do this, it has been decided  that exhibits not in place on October 3, which is the opening day  of  &y*j*.fc*-i>1_>'-y_wJ_yJ  Ii MHii !������������������������ i' .��������� i* ��������� n l-HIHI -til  I I.I   I     "IIH  *-* '.���������*���������"���������'������'���������:  SUNDAY SERVICES  TRINITY CHURCH.���������Services' in  the evening. Rev. J. 'X. Wn.LEMAR  rector.       ,  "METHODIST CHURCI-J.-Services  at the -usual hours morning -and evening  Epworth   League meets  at .the close  of  evening service.   Sunday School at 2:30.  Rev. W. Hicks, pastor.  ST. GEORGE'S PRESBYTERIAN  CHURCH.���������Services at ri a.m. and  7 p m. Sunday School at 2:30. Y. P.  S. C. E. meets at the close of evening  service. ' Rev. W.  C   Dodds, pastor.  St. John's -Catholic Church���������Rev.  J. A. Duraiui, Paafcor. Mass oa Sundays  S.-30 or 11 o'clock a. in.    ' Notice   of   hour  given eidh -S-turday, .  For Your Job   Printing  GIVE US A   TRIAL  WE PRINT  Letter Head.*, Note Head?,,B������ll  Heads,    Envelopes,    Business  Cai\ds, Shipping Tags, Posters  Handbills, Dodgers, Circulars  Funeral Notices, et.c,  AT   VERY     LOWEST   PRICES  FOB SALE.  FOR   SALE. ���������101   acres   of land   near  Oourtenay.    App y at this office.  FOR    SALE.���������Valuable      property    in.  Cumberland.     For further   information ap-  ly to "News Office. ������ ' .  ��������� FOB. ���������' SALE.���������A number of  young pigs, ditierent sizes. Berk-  shires. Wm. Lewis,  Corn-ten ay.  fflSDMCI.  I am agent  for the  following  reliable  coin pan ies:  The Royal Insurance Company.  The London and Lancashire.  James Abrams.  Ml  Delivered  daily by us in  Cumberland  and Union.    Give us a trial.  HUGH GRANT & SG_>'..  WANTED���������To form a class for  shorthand. Latest improved Pitman system. Apply at News  Office.  50  YEARS*  EXPERIENCE.  TRADE  MARKS*  DESIGNS,  Copyrights &c.  Anyone sending a sketch and description may  quickly ascertain, free, whether an invention is  probably patentable. Conhmuntcatlons strictly  .confidential. Oldost ape-cy for securing patents  jn America.   Wo have a' Washington offlqe.  Patents taken through Hunn &Co. receive  special notice In the       ."������������������ '"  E  T>eantiful!y illustrated, largest CirculatiO*'" of  any scientific journal, weekly, terms $3.00 a-year;  Sl-SOsix months. Specimen copiC3 aud ������L_NJ_  BOOK ON Patents sent free.   Address-  MUNN   &   CO.,  361 J_2c<$_Yvai, N*_w,Vork������  Presh Lager Beep [nth|ptrovwce  STEAM���������Beer,   Ale,  sand   Porter.  ���������1  A -reward of $5.00 will be paid for information  leading to conviction'^  persons withholding or destroying any  kegs  belonging  to -thi^s compaj  WRY BE IF EL,   Managd  'the exporition, can not compete for  am' awards.  In order to decide these awards a  jur}* of three will be chosen. Great  care will be'ejeercised to secure the  best possible judges for these departments. ' Thc judges will make  their awaids soon after the opening-  of the exhibition, so that the medals can be shown at the exposition  by the winners.  ;q->-^/-'^gs^<-3^  Cumberland -  Hotel '  COR. DUNSMUIR AV.EN]  ,     AND     SECOND     STRE]  CUMBERLAND, B. C.  Mks. J. TI. Pik-et,-'Proprietress./!  When* in Cumberland be s|  and stay at othe, Cumberljsl  Hotel, First-Class Accomof  tion for transient and permaf  ent,boarders.' ', %  Sample Rooms and   Publiciw  Run in Cohneptidn with  Hot!  Rates from $1.00 to $2.00 per1 d!  jBarnueU. Pie'rcy-'  Milk, Butter, Eggs, and Fa]  Produce supplied-daily,"  SATISFACTION GUARANTEES  OOOOOOOOO 00000000(3  o  : ������-:.--���������vis.'��������� "     ���������'"  ������        LISTED    *    ���������������  O I am   prepared   to  O furnish Stylish Rigs  O and do Teaming at  O reasonable rates.  gD. KILPATRICK,  o Cumberland  OOOOOOOOO oooooooood  CJ  Esauimalt & Nanaimo. Bj  Steamship  City  of    Nanaimo will   sail  iA  follows, calling at way  ports as freight anf  p-iaaengera may offer.  Leave Victoria for Nanaimo  Tuesday 7 a.rrfj|  ' *    Nanaimo for Comox, fi  Wednesday 7 a.m.!  Comox for Nanaimo  Friday 8 a.m*  '      Nanaimo for Victoria,  Saturday 7 a.m. J  ���������OB Frpig-h.t  tickets  ^nd State-*-'  rccm-apply on board,  GEO. L. COURTNEY,  TrafB.ce Manager  0 OUKTE���������4Y  Directory.  COTJHTENAY HOUSE,   A.  H.   Mc  Callum, Proprietor.  GEORGE   B.   LEIGH-TON",     Blacl^  smith aiid Carriage Maker.  i  One    "STEWART    BANJO"]  and  one; "COLUMBIA  GUITAR,"   both new.       Anyone^  wanting a   .Banjo   or   Guitar,  would get a  bargain   in   pur- j  chasing one of these fine instruments.  Qhas, Se^grav^, Loca-I  Age p;t C um ber I an cL  ran k*M������^Sy^,^>4aj_-������g-i_ $���������*** wt*i*������T.u.*ri^---t;+~>i4,l(.+j-������^t���������~1(+^t~  ������_._--^^���������-^���������f^������*A_^>^^^^*������*_rrv������s'rr-''**n'^'^-**-w>'*,u*va  ^t**l^*������n .������i*Mf.,-,*---*-^r.  ������-aMeii_nywn>w_a ,__<__���������  It  1     *������  1/  r\  J/  \.  j_ TRIP Tp TEXADA I&LA-ND.  CosTiKiUpi).  "And L for onjexLon't w,an<t to  jend my days as a go-between in such  ja fight as this promises to -foe."    If  we got one elap fro^n on$ of tljose  - monsters  it would .cut us' it two.  1 '"Self preservation is the fii^t law of  ���������nature."    I've   been, there   before.  While he w.as speaking he reversed  ���������the engine . and .we  got away from  there, and none too soon.    As  the  .   ^vhale���������a  monster in size���������sprang  jdear'out ������f water, jtow,ering above;  jus, a   mountain of glistening  glit-  ��������� - iering white and brown; falling on  its side with' a noise like  thunder, '  , 4 I LV *  throwing the water in sheets of  . spray, and waves .so much as,to  cause our little launch to toss and  tumblein a most unpleasant man:  ner. ,*,Suddenly from out the  troubled waters rase the gigantic  , fins of the thrasher.. ',There now  seemed to be  only one^ the other  ��������� seemingly put 'Hors' de Combat,5  And bringing them .down on the  now' floating,, whaje  with a crash  1 '    r , *-  causing .the whale to suddenly  sound in deep water, greatly to our  relief and satisfaction, and a grunt j  from our engineer. We did not see  them again for a while. At length  Jthey made their appearance a Jon^  way off, too far-to see how the fight  tended. So we started our course  \iox Texada, past the old 'mines and;  -rounded the upper end of the rock-  ��������� .->- ���������  >.        . -    .     ,     -      .  bound Isle of   Texada,  passing a  . Bi-Jiootl of salmon. But we did not  stop to catch anyj although the engineer would have liked to gft his  la-and in to catch a few of the beauties he saw in passing. Full steam  ahead and into the pretty sb*eet of  water called  Marble Bay.,  wherein  *cosy land-locked harborwe land-  ������td at thehottom .of the steps and up  Jacob's ladder we went to be confronted by as pretty a hotel as the  ���������eyes could-wish to see, and was met.  jby the landlord, Mr.WaJker, a very  pitasant gentlman, who invited  us  *Ssr -  LQGALS.  Mr. G. P. Drabble surveyed fJour-  tenay River Monday. From this  survey plans and specifications will  b.e made for the new ��������� bridge. It is  greatly needtd.  ' A lady in Courtenay hired a  Chinaman the other day and sent  him off to make a bed. A .short  time after she went up to inspect  the result of his labors and was a  little surprised to find the spread  next to the mattress, a sheet next  to that, then -most of her wardrobe  covered with a sheet in the place of  a spread. The pillows had no oases  but were decorated with towels.  Mr. Losie, of Comox, -who had  his hand badly cut last week, has  (ihad the good fortune to have that  useful member paved to him through  the skillful- treatment of Dr. Millard. * , ���������  '', Mrs. Giddings ��������� and her sister  were up visiting friends in town  Monday.       -     . -,      . ,  Mrs. Turnbull and Mrs. Anley  are down on Mr. TurnbuPs ranch  in the valley.  c  P. O. Inspector Fletcher came up  last Saturday to have a look over  'the Nanaimo' road., The semi-  j weekly service is a great convenience to this district. Comox is  important .enough to have a daily  mail, but "for small favors make  us truly thankful, "0 Lord."  Mrs. McQuillan of  Courtenay is  seriously ill.  Mr. C. C. Segrave has a fine phonograph' recently purchased from  M.'W. Waitt & Co. There is an  att ichment for making new records  so any one who would ,iike to hear  his or her melodious voice re-pro-  du- pd has only to s'.and in front o'  the phonograph. The instrument  is particularly recommended to  choirs, afflicted with the proprietors  of discordant voices who will sing.  Let them hear themselves once and  and a speedy reform its guaranteed.  The raffle for the horse will take  plcice .on the 29th and not the 20th  as before published. ���������  CM!jy������St������ EOCNOMV.  i*U������ running Artists Ilc-Kort to Man-r >Ie-  iliotis iii Oj<le*.- to -Till Tke-Ir 1'ar.ws.  Nothing is   wasted in  China.     The  stones of various fruits and the shells of  nuts are dried and carved into ornaments' of the most graceful fcitul. Anion-j  the stones used are olive, plum,  x*each.  laichu and cherry, and of shells the wal-  atit and cocoanut.    The stones  are selected with cure;  each mu_t exceed a  certain   standard of   size,   proportion,  hardness an/I weight.     They are dried  slowly and  at such  a heat as not to  crack or sprout, and are then ready for  the carver.     The   designer   marks   a  rough outline of the future group or pic  ��������� ture and hands it over to his apprentices.  These  work with great   rapidity and  soon   block  out   the   design,    cutting  through'  the hard ligneous tissue,  and  then extract the kernel.   A second treatment now takes place to dry the interior  of the stone, as well as' to prevent thc  fine lining of tho interior from undergoing decomposition.     This completed,  the designer sketches a second outline,  and also indicates by his pencil or brush  *yhere the surface' is to   be   loweroi.  made into leaf work or arabesquery,  or  be out altogether away.     The work, is  fierformed  by   the subordinates as   at  Lxst.'  The designer then doe's the finishing touches, after  which the assistants  , olean.^polish, and oil or wax tho perfected carving.    The stones are sold in this  shape to quito a .large extent, but moro  largely in other forms.     Among these'  may  be   mentioned   buttons,    watch'  charms;   sleeve    links    earrings,    and  brooches,  and,  when strung together,  ' bracelets,-   anklets,    necklaces,    watch'  chains, rosaries, and official ornaments  ���������The price of a stone varies greatly with  the workmanship and the fame of the l  carver.    Some may be bought as low as  ten cents a piece, while others command  as high as $2 and ������3 each.   The average  price is thirty cents a' stone.   The carvings display great variety and beauty.  .One cla������;.- is composed of birds, reptiles  and higlcor animals. The dragon, griffin.  stork, snake, horse,  lion,  tiger, camel!  elephant and bull are favorite figures. A  canon in  Cninese carving is to reproduce -only these  animals  which have  been l'jiiicG, and the ton mentioned are  about ,',h*- orJy ones which have enjoyed  divine honors. A third class, and by far  tho most interesting,  -comprises, group*  of hu-_iHii fig sires.'reprc-seritiug scenes id  history,    poetry,    mythology   and   the  drama.   The workmanship is often so  line fts to be microscopic in its delicacy.  In fa,.**," the finishing touches are made  by the art 1st,while -ising n. .magnifyin<2  glass   of at least  fifty diamoters.    On  Gt.o_.ea not over an inch in length it ii- -  not micommon to :'ind eight.' nine an i  ten characters in different attitudes anf  costumes.���������^[Washington - cm,   Boato;-  Ti-uxtscript;        t.  ST.- ANiN'S. ACADEMY,  Humboldt Street, Victoria, B. C.  THE SCHOOL YEAR    BEGINS   FIRST   MONDAY   OF  "SEPTEMBER AND ENDS'THE LAST'  ���������     ,'       .   ���������, WEEK OF JUNE    , '  The Course of Study is divided into five grades;,  Primary, Junior, Preparatory, Senior -and Graduating,  and comprises Reading, Spelling, Elocution, Grammer, Rhe?  toric, English Literature, History, Geography, Botany, Asr  tronomVj Natural History. Geology, Geometry, Latin, F&y-  sie's Algebra, Arithmetic, Linear and Map-Drawing, Frenph  conversation compulsory for those who'learn the lauguage.  , Due attention is paid to plain Sewing, Darning, MendL-  ing, etc.. etc. Weekly instructions are given in domestic  economy, politeness, and all that constitutes lady-like deportment: -     _  Special attention is paid to pupils preparing for Teachers'  Examination.    In the GOMM ERCIAL CLASS, instruction is .  ,������     given in Penmanship, English, Book-Keeping,   Stenography,  , (([{     Typewriting and all the branchest of,-.a   business   education <a  For further information address       ,  THE SISTER SUPERIOR. ,  an to rest.    After refreshing the-in-  aier and ou-ter man,  we went to the  -front porch, where a   scene of un  ^equalled beauty   met  our   vision.  But our time was limited so I must  forgo a description and defer it  to  ���������another time, as there was a gentleman waiting  to show   me over the  Van Arida   and ihe  new   smelter.  ;So through an avenue or  country'  road to the bay and works of  Van '  Anda Co.    The  smel'er is situated  on a high tableland facing the bay.  Yet snugly sheltered frcnu storms or  "b.d   weatjaer   by a   point of land,  jfrora which a long and fiimiy built,  wharf extends out into water de* p  .enough   for   vessels  of any  size t������  take on oj? discharge'.cargo.���������  When we reached 'thp wharf ev-  ,eyy thing presented a .spene of ani- :  mation   and    bustle.1    No   sleep}';  heads  there.    Looking shoreward,;  the smej'.er furnaces w^re in  full  blast; men running out-e$j:s of met-  -al to the front to cool, c-thers work-  ���������: \-.r.  ing ron^nd tfye furnace, as ^usy as  Mr. Eli Rowlands' celebrated  'Kate Brown" has 14 pups. They  are all well developed and strong.  The sire is of thc stock owned by  Dr. Milne of Victoria, and is acknowledged to be the best breed of  cocker spaniels on thc Pacific Coast.  The present sire is owned by Mr. S.  Rigg.*?, and thpmother is well known  in the t.������wn.  JYIIR*. M^LEOL  General Teaming- Powder  Oil, Eta, Hauled. Wood  in Blocks Furnished.  SCAVENGER  WORK DONE  Society     Cards  Hiram Loc^e No 14 A.F .& A.M.,B.C.  Courtenay B.-C.  Lodge meets on every Saturday on or  before the full of the moon  Visiting Brothers   cordially requested  to attend. ' ���������  R. S. McConnell,  Secretary,  .* *������������������  <%bl  r --^."i  has  411   extensive   circulation, not  THROUGHOUT CoMOX DISTRICT but all OVerll  ��������� 7     .���������'!_������������������*������  the Dominion.    We have subscribers" iiv^  all the large cities  pf Cajiacia, and'!,<������#$  - - ��������� ... .    '  -'-    <    - ,  thus offer patrons  1^1  Si  iir&t<������vlass  Advertising  > '��������� v,  Qiir   rates   are Bqoderate     a:t^;  Cumberland  Encampment.  Mo. 6,   I. O. O. F.,   Union.  Meets every nllern-ite. Wednesdays of  each month at 7:30 o'rlock p.m. Visiting  Brethren cordially invited to attend.  Chas. W-hyte, Scribe.  The .f������rrn'Tate Caro of Thcjiiisclvos.  The swittorin-nr of tlio Jowa union/** all  ihe nations of tho  earth has broughs  them in close contact  with  tho ruling '  L-acos.   The prejudice whicli was once  helda/raitiBt thorn has died ont with the  fuller knowledge of their many o_cel!ent  . malitit'S.    Familiarity has bred respect  _nd respect has grown into admiration.  They are a wonderful people and the  history'of their achievements contains  many c-lorioua deeds.      Art, literature,  science, state cr���������ri;' idivevuibeen adbruod  by thom and th.e.v have risen as high and  in   many instances   higher   than their  Oliristian   brothers.    But in   all   their  ���������.loingR there is none which i3 ao peculiar  5y their own as the building, and main-  Aainiug of charitable institutions.     Tho  doctrine of love for mankind preached  by John the Divine was not wholly new.  Ctenturiet* before him  Moses had told  Ms people to care for the poor . becaurse  ihey   wore   of   their   own   household.  There has never appeared another rctce  which has looked upon itself in   this  light.    There has been talk of kinship  and that sort of thing, but the multitudes of Jews for more than 2.000 years  have actodin accordance with the lofty  _P_=2.0^_E3SSIO_Sr_5_X_<  . .  . L. P. Eckstein . . .  Barrister,' Solicitor,  Notary Public .    .  OFi.i_cE  Hours: 10 a. m. to 5 p, m.  Saturdays 10 a. m. to 1 p. m.  CUMBERLAND,' B.    C.  The New England Hotel, ,  M. & L. YOUNG, Props.  Victoria, YancouYer Island,  C. H. TARBELL.  DTT.ALER    IN  Stoves and Tinware  CUMBERLAND, B. C.  Bspimalt & Kanaimo ������j������  TIME TABLE   EFFECTJViS  NOV. 19th, 1898.'  GORDON   MURDOCK'S . .  Single and Double Rigs to let  ���������at���������  YARWOOD '..&    YOUNG.  BARRISTERS and SOLICITORS  Cwrn-er of Bastion aud Commercial  Streets, Nanaimo, B. -0.  Bc-:axc.*i -Cf-'iCE, Third Street and Dunsmuir  Avenue, B. C.  .Will ba in Union thc 3rd   Wednesday  of  oach uionth and remain ten days.  Seasonable Prices  Near   Blacksmith Shop, 3rd Ste  CUMBERLAND,    B.  C.  VICTORIA TO WELLINGTON.  No. 2 Dfiily. No. _ 8aturday  A.M. J������?.l������.  Do. 9:00 Victoria Do. 4:25s  "   9:28 Goldscream ������������������   4SP  **   30:14 Shawnigan Lake .... u   5.89-'  "   10:d8��������� .'��������� Duncans. -6:15,  P.M. J������J_.  "   12:24 Nanaimo -..'7:ttr  Ar. 12:40 Wellington At. 7/*5j  WELLINGTON   TO VICTOBI_i.     -  No. 1 Daily. No. 3 Satoi-day.  A.M. -A.M.   .- ��������� * .;  De. 8:05..... ......Wellington..........De. 4:25;  "   8:29.. Nanaimo...  " 4:39i  "   9:55.... Duncans....... ..... "  *6:05 '  " 10:37., Shawnigan Lako........ '! -6:M;  " 11:23    Goldstream  .. *'��������� '7.M-  Ar. 11:50    ...   . -.Victoria.. .....Ar. 3:00ivm.^  Reduced rates to and from ���������1] points   on.  Siiiurdays and Sundays good (<o retnrn Alon-,  day.  For rates and   all   iafornjation   apply. *t-  Company's Oiliocs. " ������������������.-���������.  A. DUNSMUIR. Geo. L, COURTNEY.  Puesident. "TrafncJUanaKeri  idea of litiman solidarity, while the Ori-  , ./V>      ���������   r   -i _   i-a     . i   J "tiles have been, theorizanc: about it.   %ho  bees.    {Jtemi-phed   me of  Dante's | orphan a,,^ ^ Oc������n hiU is bat Vn'  oipressipn in brick and stone of the prevailing notion in tlie Jewish" mir.d.  Every Jew is a father? or a mother to  the fatherless and ths������ raotherloBB, xn.<&  thrf child loft without'j>arentg. is adopted  as the well-boiovedo|th������ra?9.���������Broolf-  Sirn Ba^i������.'.    ':f-        "���������" '_���������    .     ."���������....���������'  Inferno?)  Where, J^evil^, com������ and devils go,  To dsag. ifee _xj>js.ls oi -me^a belpw.  To b& gsmtinued*  NOW READY  V^ILLIAMS  B.  C   DIRECTORY  ���������For  1899���������  PUBLISHED ANNUALLY  The Largest and Most   Complete   Directory yet published for   Btitish   Columbia.  Contains over 1000 pages of aJI  the  latest    information.  PRICE   S5 OO  To be obtained direct from the Director-y  Offices, Victoria, the Agents, or P. O  Bqj: 4S5, Victoria, B. C.   :'   ���������        "  NER,  ���������   WE   WANT YOUR       ������  Job prii|tir?g|  SATISFAGTORT P1SS|  YOU  HAVE A WATCH;  THAT DOES NOT GIVE  SATISFACTION HRfNG IT TO  Opposite Waverley HoteL  LEADING   BARBEfk  and  Keeps a Large Stock  of Fire Arms. Amuni-  tion. and Sporting-  Goods of all. descripT.  tions.  Cumberland^ ,   Bv. C__  PURE   MILK  delivered by me daily  in -Cumberland  ssx&\  Upiou.    A share, of patsiJBB&ge is solicited. ���������^r.:^.=^,>_r.iSC]i<-/-'-^  ���������r/t*twwt^-.r,'waa&iJfz?t-r  WOMAN AND HOME.  HER   SPECIALTY  THE *CHILD  VERSES  OF  FIELD  AND   RILEY.  An Afi-jjravntinpr Woman���������They Are  Brain Starved���������The Spoiled Creature -���������; Contrariness oi' Children.  Tench. Girls to, Ilun.  One of the'newest entertainers for our  clubwomen is Mrs Bessie Brown Ricker.  This jjretty and petite little woman makes  a specialty of child verse, particularly  that of James Whitcomb Riley and Eugene Field, and with a certain irresistible  artlessness lias recited her way into tho  hearts of her hearers.  , The charm of this reader of child verse  begins with hor own personality' ���������- Possessed with the whole souled enthusiasm  of,a child, her face lights up wonderfully  as she repeats the talk of littlo people,  while her voice perfectly simulates their  minor accents. Then, with an artistic  touch that has come after years of study,  _ho delineates exquisite bits of  child  life  [ MRS. EKSSIE BROWN KICK Kit.  in  all. the  way  from   "Our Hired Girl"  and "Raggedy Man"  to  "Seem Things'  . until the listeners lavigh and themselves  grow'young again. '  Mrs. Ricker is a St. Louis girl, who inherited from her father the love of reading. As a miss in pinafores she was call-  ' ed out repeatedly to "speak for company.'  After she grew into long dresses she began five years.of study in her own city.  She came to Chicago in 1891.  '' Don't you tell,'' she confided with that  ingenuousness which is her chief charm,  "but 1 am ambitious enough to want to  bo greater than any one in my line. That  is, 1 -want to show people by conscientious  study how much better and brighter is  tho world for having tho beautiful child  ���������verses of Field and Riley."  Not-only, has Mrs. Ricker appeared with  distinctive success before prominent clubs  of women, having been one of tho attractions at the "Eugene Field day" of the  Archo club, but she has given delightful  little entertainments in the homes of South  Side society women, at all times winning  the coveted "call back."���������Chicago Times-  Herald.    An Asrs-ravating- Woman.  "I havo had an experience with one of  those -women who can never make up their  minds," said a friend to me yesterday,  "and while I am still able to draw breath  1 never willv bo inveigled into anything  like it again. Sho had asked me to go  shopping with her, and then wo were to  havo lunch together. We met in a Water  street store. I don't know how she ever  ., came -to exercise enough power to choose  that particular store, but perhaps her husband decided this. She peckecVme on the  right.cheek and said she wanted to go  straight to the silk counter. Oh the way  ; she examined hosiery, marked down lamp  shades, side combs, belts and was about  to wander into the rug department when  I took her firmly by tho arm and made for  the silk counter. We sat down on the  6tool������, and she sighed very deeply.  " 'What kind of silk do you want to  look at?' tho clerk asked.  "'What shall I look at?'sho inquired,  turning to me. I asked what sort of dress  she needed, and she said sho could not  make up her mind whether to get an evening gown or silk costume. Sho leaned  pensively on her elbow, considering the  matter for at least three minutes, then  asked mo again what I thought,she would  bettor get. *A silk costumo by all means.'  She brightened up then and asked to see  foulards. She looked at a million yards  or so and then said that perhaps taffeta  would suit better.  "Wo removed ourselves to a counter  farther down, and I could see the clerk  who had served us telegraphing his sympathy to our new victim. Wo looked at  every grade of taffeta silk. Wo carried  bolts, weighing many tons, to tho light,  and tried to tear thc silk when the salesman wasn't looking. Twice my friend  was on' tho vei*y point of buying, then  wavered. At this moment she spied a bargain counter, where plaids as large as city  lots were displayed. Sho picked up a pattern and asked *.io how I liked it. I answered truthfully that I didn't think she  was largo, enough to show what the pattern was, and she smiled sadly at the poor  joke. We left the store, and I have a confused remembrance of w������alking many  miles down aisles, past counters dripping  with silks of every dye. It seemed to me  that the floorwalkers watched us as we  turned over mountains, of goods, and I  was prepared at any moment to be taken  into a private room and searched for a  few bolts of silk. Then a time came when  1 wished we could lift a few patterns and  then go quietly into an alley and decide  which sho would use and throw the others  into a garbage box."���������Elmira Telegram.  centives to urge them to bother with their  looks. Scrupulous cleanliness, the greatest  aid to physical beauty, is difficult to maintain It is often inconvenient to procure  water in large quantities without trouble,  and so the country woman neglects her  daily bath, which is the foundation for  all beauty.  Indeed she frequently comes to believe  that a bath taken more than once a week  would bo harmful, and so determined is  she in her conviction that all the teaching  in the world will not convince her. In  consequence her skin gets hard and yellow  and mottU'd, all too soon.  From neglecting her daily bath to neg  lec-ir.g a weekly hair wash is but a step  There is scared v a woman in suarsely set-  rl^l districts who washes her hair once a  week. She is more likely to let it gu a  month and even two or three. At night-  she is tired, and thc hair is simply combed  and prepared for sleeping, without r-iic  i;*x;essary brushing. Is it a wonder thai  it soon gets thin and brittle:-'  The mind is also neglected. If tho country woman does not read, and she is quite  likely not to, -what has sho to think about?  Nothing but the farm, the children and  the housework.  The  house worries are many, the children are  troublesome, and. living   as she  does in an   atmosphere of work and care,  it is not strange that she early reflects her  burdens in her face and figure.  If "thc farmer's wile could but get away  from the endless grind for a short time, it  would make a new woman of her. But  she rarely doc's. She is a pitiful result, of  brain and body starvation, and were she  to epitomize her life she would sum it up  in tho words"work and worry."  Men do not understand this, and they  wonder why it cannot bo relieved by a  bottle of sarsaparilla or some other medicine. t  Thc country woman is brain starved.  a girl at her fifth birthday and teach her  to run slowly, with erect carriage, as far  as she can with comfort every secular day  until'she reaches her majority. Suppose  by 15 she ran as far as she could with  comfort in ten minutes, would it trouble  her much at 1,8 or at 21 to run a mile, at  a good pace too?  "Is it not likely that even several miles  under favorable circumstances���������for instance, in a hare and hound game���������would  not distxirb her? Had she been taught to  run properly, never touching her. heels to  the ground and springing lightly from the  toes and sole, to hold her arms practically  motionless, her chest high���������as near her  chinas she could get it and keep it there  ���������do you think that the muscles she used  in running through all these years would  be weak? Would she have half developed  lungs or well developed ones? Would tho  muscles which held her body erect be easily  up to their work and would it be natural  for her to be erect or not?  "Looking at the girl so trained, do wo  not recall Emerson's saying that 'In all  human action those faculties will bo  strong which are used?' She has been in-  telligentlyusing certain parts of her body  and limbs for many years; not violently,  not overdoing them, hut rationally.  "This built them up and made them  strong, precisely as it did for her brother,  who ran with' her in all these daily  stretches. Her most important muscle,  her heart���������thus also trained to stronjt.  steady, sensible, but never violent, dally  exercise���������gained steadily in quality,  strength and endurance. ' In short, sho  has -an educated heart, educated lungs,  educated limbs."  go until this pipe  is  repaired."���������Julian  Ralph in Harper's Magazine.  "Maniiffercssca."  One of tho necessary adjuncts of London's swell hotels is called a "manageress." There is nothing'similar here, ,for  one cannot call the. young women in  charge of the reception rooms of our own  hotels "manageresses."  In London thc manageresses arc women  of refinement and charming manners.  They are able to converse in four or five  different languages. They know all the  best tradespeople, dressmakers and milliners and can advise on routes'and sightseeing and, in fact, are human bureaus of information.  Tlie Spoiled  Creature.  They wore a well dross-cd couple,  dently in very good circumstances  without doubt man and wife. And  it was evident to those who saw them  evi-  and  also  en  ter the car late in  the  evening that;  she  was what is known   in  common parlance  as an,-'old man's darling."    Not that  he  was so very old or she so young, but there  was considerable difference in their  ages,  and she carried herself  with  the  peevish  selfishness of a spoiled child.    It was cold,  or she thought it was, in thc car, and she  shivered and crouched down into the scab,  looking   cross   and  petulant.    Tlie little  man,  who was cheerfully  amiable,   was  carrying an overcoat on his arm, and with  this he endeavored to make his pretty wifo  ���������he gazed at her admiringly, and she was  not an unattractive woman���������comfortable.  First, he put tho overcoat on tho seat, aud  she sat into it, while he tried  to  wrap  it  around her, but sho was a larger woman  than he was  a man, and over her wraps  that was not satisfactory.    She shrugged  out of it, and thc amiable little man made  another effort with more success.    He put  the overcoat across her lap, like a carriage  roV-e, to protect her from the drafts.   That  was satisfactory as far as it went, but the  woman" still looked dissatisfied. ' Then the  littlo  man threw it around her shoulders,  with an idea  of .making  her  still   moro  comfortable perhaps, but that did not suit  her, and she  shrugged  away' from   him.  Then, as lie had done all  he could, he  let  his head slip down on his chest and  went  to sleep, smiling amiably, while the woman, sitting sidewise on  thc  seat,   with  his overcoat around her, looked cross.  "The selfishness of some women is beyond bearing," said one of the passengers  in the car, looking across at the little  dried up man without an overcoat and tho  healthy, full blooded woman beside him  who had taken it, but the 'man looked absolutely happy and contented and the woman miserably unhappy and discontented  It could hardly be said that she was the  most to be'envied.���������New York Times.  The Id en Is of Youth.  "lt';is unfortunate that women who believe in married life do not marry early,"  said the woman who is still young and  pretty, but who has moro years to her  credit than ' she always cares to' think  about. "Perhaps one does not look at  people,in tho same light when one is very  young or���������and I think that is the real  troublc-^-thc people of one's own ago then  arc different. You believe in ideals when  you arc young, and so do your friends.  When I-think of all the nice boys I used  to know some years ago, boys who wero  going to do .this, that and tho other thing,  boys who.had such faith in thc world and  the people in it, and then think of tho  commonplace, middle aged, prosaic men  they are now, it makes me sigh.  "There was one man that I thought  was thc only man in the world for mo.  There was nothing I would not have sacrificed for him, and���������well, he was fond of  me. Why didn't I marry him? That is  one of the things one docs not tell. Prob-  ��������� ably it is just as well or a great deal bet-'  ter as it is. He is married now, has a  number of children, is an ordinary man  just like hundreds of others, not, overre-  fined. Certainly if he was the only man  in the world now-1 would never marry  him. I find,, him entirely uninteresting.  If people are going to marry, it is well for  them to marry young aud grow old and  commonplace together."  Just Like Men.  Norway and Sweden bear the distinction  of being tho only .nations in the world in  tho mercantile marine of which tho women  enjoy the same privileges and share tho  same perils as tho men. Whether the  woman on board is tho wife of tho captain  or of the commonest sailor, she is compelled by the government to do the work of a  man before the mast, and the women aro  even compelled to perform lookout duty  at night.    ���������  Books in words or one synamo are very  attractive to a littlo one just learning to  read. Thc print is large, and there are so  few difficulties to be overcome, that tlie  child is encouraged to persevere and>read  the story for himself.  CZAE'S BEST FRIEND.  GRAND     DUKE     MICHAEL     IS     NOW  RUSSIA'S GUIDING SPIRIT.  ,  '  A simple remedy for choking is found  in raising thc left arm as high as possible.  This can be done by. tho sufferer himself  when thc're(is no'one near to try the time  honored plan of thumping on the back.  If you are hoarse and want to use your  voice in tho  evenng, confine yourself <all  day to a diet of  raw oysters and oranges, I  and it will clear your voice by night.  Ex-Empress Eugenie has some Hibernian blood in her veins, being thc descendant of an Irish soldier of fortune who  made a name for himself in Spain.  EDITORIAL  COMMENT.  They Are Brain  Stnr*re������il.  The thoroughly domesticated and half  isolated country woman develops wrinkles, gray hair and a sallow skin long before her city sister, says The Plain Dealer  Magazine.  Women  in  rural districts have few in-  Contrariness of Cliililren.  "If that were mine, I'd put it out of the  reach of my children," said the bibliomaniac, pointing' to a rare and valuable  copy of Leech on one of the lower shelves  of the idiot's library. "You place Drydcn  on the top shelf, whereTommy and Mollie  cannot get at him. But this book, which  is worth ten larger paper editions of Dry-  den, you keep below, where the children  can easily reach it. It's a wonder to me  you've been able to keep it in its present  superb condition."  "I know children pretty well," said the  idiot, "and I have observed that.they are  ambitious and iii a sense rebellious. They  want to do what they cannot do. That is  why, when mothers place -jam on the top  shelf of the pantry, the children always'  , climb up to get it. If they would leave it  on thc dining room table within easy  roach, the children would soon cease to re  gard it as a thing to-be sought- for. Make  jam a required article of diet and tho little  ones will soon cease to want it. So with  that book. If I should put that out of  Tommy's reach, Tommy would lie awake  nights to plaa his campaign to get it  Leaving it where it is, he doesn't think  about it, doesn't want it, is not forbidden  to have it, and so it escapes his notice."  "You have tho right idea, the human  idea," said Mr. Pedagog, and even the  bibliomaniac was inclined to agree. But  just then Tommy happened in, with Mollie close after. The boy walked straight  to the boockase, and Mollie gathered up  tho largo shears from the idiot's table,  and together they approached their father.  "Pa," said Mollie, holding up the scissors, "can I borr.'.w t!*ese?"  "What for?" asked the idiot.  "We want to cut the pictures out of  this," said Tommy, holding up tho $50  Leech.  After all, it is difficult to lay down a  cast iron rule as to how a private library  should be constructed or arranged, particularly when one's loyalty is divided between one's children and one's merely  bookish treasures.���������John Kendrick Bangs  in Woman's Home Companion.  Muke Home Hnppy.  Our life is made'up of kittle things, and  they are  all  necessary, or  we  think so.  Our duty to ourselves is to make home  just as lovely and happy as  wo can with  what we have.    Where the mother has all  tho sewing to do for many little ones she  will not have time to  put oh  much trimming, but the material  should  be  of an  good quality as possible, made up  neatly,  nnd there should be as -many  changes as  the pocketbook willlpcrmit.    It  is   better  for children to  havo  a  number  of  plain  garments than a few elaborately trimmed.  A" mother must take  time  to  keep  her  'mind in tune with her children, and  she  should  try  not   to  got behind   them  in  knowledge of passing events.    This is the  age of  progress, and children  are taught  many things that were comparatively unknown to the people of years ago.     When  one's children begin school, they  are apt  to'rely more on  the  knowledge  of  their  teachers than they do on that of  tho parents.    Yet few like the idea  of  taking a  back seat, nor heed they entirely  if they  ���������will only keep  up reading.    It is better  not to spend  so much  time  trying  to bo  clean.    Scrub less and read more.���������Aunt  Addie in Housekeeper.  Teacli Girls to Run.  The American girl can bo saved by  proper physical training from becoming  the American woman with nerves, says  an authority on physical culture in the  Xew York World.  "This physical training should begin  during the earlier days of childhood. Take  Men nnd Women as Talkers.  A funny incident happened at a meeting  of the London school board. A committee was to beappointed, and someone proposed Mrs. Maitlarid as a member. Father  Brown opposed the nomination. He said  he had no objection to Mrs. Maitland personally, but the post called for more vigor  than a woman possessed. Mrs. Homan  answered that the board was acquainted  with two kinds of vigor���������a vigor which  made a great deal of noise and a vigor  which did a great dealof hard work. The  laugh went against Father Brown, as did  also the vote.  When Lord Londonderry resigned the  chairmanship of tho board, he boro his  testimony to the absence of verbosity and  the quiet attention to business that characterized thc women members. Long before, when Miss Helen Taylor, John  Stuart Mill's stepdaughter, was a member of the board, she quietly took notes  for some weeks of tlie time occupied in  speeches by one man and tho time taken  up by all thc four ladies on the board put  together,   the  result  being   that,   as she  amusingly  phrased   it,   "Mr. alone  was shown to  havo exhibited a 40 woman  talking power."  American Woman and. Plumber,  Tho English are a much less nervous,  more even tempered, patient people than  we, and thoir work folk give them plenty  of opportunity to practice these virtues.  The service in tho large department stores  is like that at home���������brisk, prompt and  ready to meet any want���������but it is very  different in the smaller shops. Wherever  men tinker, mend, make or trade in a  small way, they are maddening to deal  with. There is an American woman in  London who, after repeated disappointments, at last got a plumber into her  house to look at a leaking pipe. She turned the key in the door and pocketed it.  "Now," said she, "I've got you hero at  last, and I moan to have you do this work.  You can send for tools and help by one of  my maids, but out of this houso you don't  Granting that wireless telegraphy is  feasible, time may see a delayless mossen-  ger boy invented.���������Philadelphia Times.  ���������Parisians are betting on the outcome of  the Dreyfus case. Tho fact is cheering.  It discloses that Dreyfus has a chance.���������  Elmira Gazette.  Under the direction of Mr. Pingrce the  city of Detroit is merely going .'to try tho  policy of "benevolent assimilation" upon  the street railways."���������Chicago Timcs-Her-'  aid. -    ,  Municipal woman suffrage is a,condition and not a theory at Beattie. At the  recent election the town elected a mayoress, five alderwomen and a clerkess.���������To-  peka Capital.  Hero's another clear case of hereditary  genius. A murderer was hanged in Missouri the other day on the same scaffold  as that on which his father was hanged a  fow years ago.���������Boston Herald.  A Philadelphia man has been sued for  $5,000 for squeezing a girl's hand. It may  be hard work to convinco an intelligent  jury that there is $5,000 worth of squeeze  in a Philadelphia girl's hand.���������Washington Post. '  An English inventor is constructing a  flying machine with which to cross the  Atlantic. He will do well to follow close'  after an' ocean liner, or he, like Andrce,  will never more be heard of.���������-Cincinnati  Commercial Tribune.  Tho French government has levied a  tax on tho unmarried women of Madagascar. Unless the Madagascar women have  the right of proposing, it is pretty hard  on them to make them pay for what they  can't possibly help.���������Lewiston Journal.  We are told on "reliable authority,'  doubtless emanating from a "distinguished statesman who prefers that his name  be not mentioned," that during February  the United-States'offered the Philippines  to England. Excellent evidence that tho  report is baseless exists in the fact that  the Philippines are not in possession of  England. _  Although He Is 67 Years Old He I* ������  Physical and Mental Giant Still-  Noted for His Soldier's" Qualities, and  Kcnowned for His Diplomatic Achieve-  mentK-The Czar's Grand Uncle.  While it is evident that Czar Nicholas r  has not been as .ill as was reoe'ntly reported, it is equally evident that for some  .time he has not taken' much part in  state affairs, and that tho burden of Governmental work has fallen ���������upon the.  shoulders of Grand Duke Michael Nico-.  laievitch, who is his father's' uncle and  who was alwavs highly esteemed by the  late Czar. It is said that the chief reason  why Nicholas does not attend personally  to state affairs is hi3 anxiety regarding  tho approaching confinement of thc Czarina, and that^all reports to the contrary  have probably emanated from certain  highly placed persons in St. Petersburg,  whose plans would be upset by the birth  of an heir.  That the question of succession   should  cause some   anxiety   to   the "Czar is not  surprising. As yet he has no son,., and, in  default of a son,   the   natural heir to the  throne is his brother,'Duke George: ' Tho  Duke, however, is a   confirmed   invalid,  and'hence ill qualified   to   undertake the  responsibility of ruling avast empire like*  Russia. If he should waive his claim tlie,rt  throne would by law pass to the   nearest ,.  male relative of the   Czar, for,   according   .  to thc statute, the crown   of Russia is to-  descend only to direct male heirs, and not  until thi.* source of   supply   is exhausted ,r  can it   be .-transmitted   to  direct female'"  heirs. ,  - ��������� '-'._,'."'.  ' ' Notable indeed in many respects is this -  great Muscovite noble.    In   his "youth he  aopoars to have been rather reckless,' and  both" he   and' his   two   brothers,   Grand -  Dukes   Constantino   and .-Nicholas,    in--  ourred some odium   owing  "to charges of .,  corruption .that   wore   brought   against  tliem in connection-with tho .war against .  the   Turks.    As   a   result   Grand Dukea  Constantino and Nicholas wero   deprived  of   most   of-their   honors   shortly   after- ���������  Alexander III.   ascended   the throne and ' r  were compelled to   spend' the .remainder -  of'their  lives   in banishment, their dis-   -  grace being notorious.    Tho oucidc world  expected that Grand Duke Michael would  be treated in the 'same   manner,, but   ho,  was not.    On' the contrary, the late  Czar '  never ceased to regard him   with marked  favor and affection. ',    '.    .  , The reason was simple. Alexander III. ,.  never   forgot   that   it   was   Grand Duke  Michael who   was   the   first to hasten to  the bedside of tlie   dying   Czar   after the  Why She Wait Bine*-.  In describing her visit to one of the  mission schools of Africa Miss Kingsley  tells of a negro girl of 12 to whom she  addressed the question, "What are you  studying?.";  "Eberyt'ing,���������'*. replied the child.     ,  "What do you knowV" asked the  young woman.  "Eberyt'ing. " was the answer.  "You are the very person   I've been  looking    for."    said    Miss    Kingsley  "Now, tell me why you are black."  "Certainly. I'm black because my  pa's pa's, pa saw Noah without his  clothes on. "���������  -  What London Drinks.  Londoners consume, 270,000,000 gallons of water a year. They do not drink  all of it, and what they do drink is not  always taken clear, as they use '25,000.-  000 pounds of tea as well. They do put  down 153,000,000 gallons of beer, however, as well as 4,400,000. gallons of  spirits, besides 50,000,000 gallons of  mineral waters.  Scotland seems a strange place to find  a statue of Abraham Lincoln, and yet  there is one there. It adorns a monument erected in old Calton burying  ground, Edinburgh, to the memory of  the Scottish Americans who foug..i in  the American civil war.  GRAXD .DUJKK MICHAEL.  latter had been struck by the bomb in  1881. It was he who supported his  mangled brother in his arms from tho  scene of the explosion to that room in the  winter palace where he breathed his last,  and when it was all over it was found  that he was drenched from head to foot  with his brother's blood: Alexander III.  never forgot this, and Grand Duko,  Michael could always rest assured of hi-*  indulgence and regard.  Grand Duke Michael is also   noted   for  his personal achievements.    He   was the  Czar's lieutenant   in   the Caucar<is from  18&3 to-1881, and it was during his sway  that   the   conquest   of   the   country was  completed. At the battle of Inkerman he  obtained the cross of St.   George  for personal   gallantry,   and   it  was   under his  orders that the siege of Kars, ending with  its capitulation, took   places    In  1885 he  was   made   General   Field  Marshal,   the  highest   military   distinction,    which   is  jrarely coiiferred   in   Russia, and,.last, in  1881 he,.was.made president; of the   coun-'  cil of the empire, tho highest office in the  state. In November, 1898, his jubilee was  celebrated, this being tne 50th   anniversary,  of   his   entry   into   the army.    The  enthusiasm   manifested   on this occasion  was a convincing testimony of the Grand  Duke's   popularity,   which   he   owes   as  much   to   his   chivalrous   character   and,,  affability as to the important part which  ho has played in tho destinies   of Russia.  Dr.  llaifi:l  ������>f (Jdrinany.  Among the sights of Peking in the autumn months aro thousands of camels.  They come from the interior of Asia and  take back the caravan tea and other  freight.  The residents of Alva, O. T., recently  petitioned th.e town council to chango the  name of the place to Capron, in honor of  Captain Capron of the rough riders, who  was killed at Santiago. The petition was  granted by a unanimous vote.  Tne above is a portriitof the recent  president of the municipal council of  Apia, Samoa, and chief antagonist of the  American Chief Justice, who is in Berlin,  agitating the trouble.  ���������',*>_  ���������8  ..ill  4  /-]  A  <_ f  EFEECTS OF MESCAL.  THE PECULIAR ACTION OF THE DRUG  UPON THE BRAIN.  ).  ,o  It Produces an Orery of Vision, With  Ravishing   Displnys   of   Color,   Re-  vealiiiR- an Oyticnl Fairj-lnn<l,to the  , Intoxicated  Senxen.  Tlie use of opium and-hashcesh to stimu-  Iato the imagination is  not considered  a  highly    moral'   practice.       These   drugs  should be indulged in, if at all, only under  ^     carefully prescribed conditions.     But  another drug  which   has  come  into   notice  , within'the last few years, while producing  equally delightful visions, seems to be free  from some of the objections that may   be  offered to tho first two montioned.    In the  judgment  of' those who havo tried it it iB  ,      more  strictly ' intellectual in its appeal to  tho senses;" its immediate after  effects are  ,v   not so pernicious as those of better known  ��������� drugs.  The   Dame   "mescal"   is   associated  in'  tho popular mind (and in tho dictionaries)  with  a distillod  beverage  obtained from  the agave, whose fermented  juice makes  another notablo drink,   Mexico's  favorite  pulque.    But the7same word has also been  '--    used   to  designate an   ontirely   different  <   preparation, derived from a certain species  of cactus, whose brown and   bitter .leaves  , aro pressed into a solid button.  For many  years, the Kiowa Indians  of this  country  -    have been in tlie habit of .paying peculiar  'homage to'five' ,or six-'rehired varieties of  I - cactus, no doubt because of" their discov-  ' Vjry of this property ��������� possessed  by  one  of  them. i ���������  On Saturday nights they are accustom-,  ed to combine in one performance the features of a semireligious  ceremony  and  a  mild debauch.   A number of them having  seatedthemselves on tho ground around a  campflro and   within   a large  tent, they  swallow   three   or.<four   mescal   buttons  *   apiece and then  solemnly  await^results.  ,. Their reveries aro attended   with, singing  and the beating of .drums   by  assistants.  The'Kiowas begin this strange rite with  prayer, and'at intervals through thc night  they - swallow   more   buttons,   until  each  man has taken about a dozen.  0     Lewin, a Berlin scientist,' discovered  in  ��������� 1888 that this cactus, to which ho gave the  name  Anh'alonium   lewinii,  contained  a  poison that might be classed with- strych-  nine, but he did not learn anything of its  '' vision exciting powers.    James Mooney,'  a representative of tho United  States  bureau of ethnology, was apparently the first  white man to bring tho subject to thc attention of civilized folk.'    His studies  of  tho habits of tho Kiowas.had  made' him  familiar with tho'drug, and he had tried  it himself while"amoug tho Indians of that  ' tribe.    In   1S91 he brought a quantity of  mescal to Washington,  and   some  experiments were made with it there.  Subsequently Dr. Weir Mitchell tried it  ��������� oiv himself. Later Havelock ,Ellis -made  some tests with himself and several other  persons, cither artists or poets, hrLondon  Neither Mr. Ellis nor hisfriends ever took  more than three or four buttons " For a  beginner that seems to be the correct dose,  and then join the play, but the mind itself  remains a self possessed spectator. Mescal  intoxication thus differs 'from the other  artificial paradises which drugs procure.  Under the influence of alcohol, as in -noT-  mal dreaming, the intellect is impaired,  though there may be a consciousness of  unusual brilliance. Hasheesh,- again, produces an uncontrollable tendency to movement and bathes its victim in a sea of  emotion. (The mescal drinker remains  calm and collected among the sensory  turmoil around him. His judgment is as  clear as in the normal state. He falls into  no oriental condition of vague and voluptuous reverie. On this ground it is not  probable that its uses will easilv develop  intn habit."   A Pretty- Improvised Panel.  A very' pretty way to fill up an ugly  space between two door casings which is  not suitable to hang a picture in, or in  case one does not own a picture the proper  size and shape, is to take a length o" china  6ilk of a harmonious tint and lay it in  tucks standing upward. . It is necessary  to begin at the top of tho space, at the  frieze, if possible, and lay the tucks deep  enough to hold up photographs. These  tucks should be tacked with brass headed  tacks to keep them in* place and tho silk  drawn tightly across the space.  This is a pretty decoration even with  but a few pictures if tho color is well  chosen. Where there are a groat many  pictures and the background is completely  covered a firm, quality of a less expensive  material will do just,as well.  Where there is a set of pictures which  would make a .straight string of views  across the panel the silk can be especially  'arranged so as to form a top fold as well  as the lower holding fold with pretty cf-i  feet. ,. ' ,       ' '  '- A lattice of ribbons' on tapes may bo  used in tho same'way, and such a'collec-  tion is always far more' interestin-g than  in a basket or album, both of which aro so  terribly, passe that they ar*e never seen  nowadays, except as heirlooms.  TO CROSS TFE RIVEE.  HOW"   THE    RUSSIAN     ARMY     GOES  .    ABOUT SOLVING  THE PROBLEM.  To MaUe-rGood Ten.  Professor Goodfellow, the well known  -English analyst, gives those rules for making "good" tea: '  <  First.-7-Always uso good tea.  Second.���������Uso "two" hot, dry,'earthenware teapots.    '  Third.'���������Use soft water which has just  got to the boil.        ,  Fourth.���������Infuse about four minutes.  Fifth.���������Pour; off into the second hot,  dry teapot. - v  Sixth.���������Avoid second brews with used  tea leaves.   , ;'  The fact that tea as served in France is  so often bad may bo accounted, for by, the  omission of some one or perhaps all of the  above rules in its preparation. They aro  all necessary to make a cup of really good  tea, and if. they .were moro often strictly  adhered to tea would of tcner be a delicious  , beverage. i,  Even at the best ."afternoon tea" rooms,  "in England, America and France I do not  believe that "two" hot, "dry" teapots aro  often used.to make tea "fresh for each  customer" or that the tea leaves thereafter  are thrown away.'  Some Odd Kxperiments Havo LSeen Made  and Some Interesting Results Attained  ��������� River-Crossins-, Uec_u.se of tho Number of Its .Waterways, Is On* of tho  Russian  Army's  Serious Questions.  The number of waterways flowing  through Russia has made iiver-crossing  one of thc most serious problems confronting the Czar's military authorities.  There have been innumerable experiments  looking toward the crossing- of water-  wavs, with only such .facilities as an  army would ordinarily have.  Many of these ideas have been ingenious in" the extreme, and some have  been so odd and but of the ordinary as to  seem attempted in a spirit of burlesque,  but the problem is being solved, and in'  many different ways.  The utilization of the ordinary paraphernalia of an army is the leading idea  in all of these experiments. Thus in oho  attempt ingenious boats' were constructed  from wagon-bodies.  The wagons were taken apart and the  bodies placed on a piece of oiled tent canvas. Tent poles were fixed fore and aft  in the cart, so as to form a framework for  bows and stern. Then the canvas was  drawn up tightly around the whole.  The result was a punt-shaped boat with  pointed'ends. The Russian cavalry carry  skin sacks, which when inflated form  boats for both man and horse.  The "Okhotniki" commands, recruited  from foresters and gamekeepers, have  been experimenting on their own* hook  with rafts and inflated skins. The word  "Okhotniki"-means literally "hunters,"  and they have proved unusually ingenious in,their experiments.  The. picture shown here is' from a  photograph of a party of these men crossing the Volga on improvised rafts. Special attention is drawn to the rafts of    in-  fuhhels and two masts. Two sets of triple-  expansion four-cyclinder engines drive  twin screws with a horse-power of 11,000,  derived from IS Belleville boilers. This  locomotive apparatus will develop a speed  of 20 knots an ho in*. The royal cabins  are placed amidships on the main deck.  In the upper deck aft is a roomy pavilion  and over this is the promenade deck.  This floating palace will be handled by a  crew of 27S men and officers, the nick  among the test sailors in- Great   Britain.  "Then it is true that his estate did not  come up to expectations'?"  "I should say ic didn't It barely passed  the amount it was rated at for taxation "  ON  THE  ANXIOUS  BENCH.  although  for  sensitive  persons  such   an  amount may  prove  rather  too   powerful  ,    and rapid in its action.  Althdugh all of the senses are to some  extent stimulated by .mescal, it wTas tho  visual perceptions that were c,hiefly affected in tlio cases of Mr. Ellis and his friends  Mr. Ellis himself enjoyed ravishing displays of .color���������now a succession of hues  ' and then an infinito variety of the tints of  one hue. - For instance, at one moment he  saw in rapid progression scarlets, crimsons and pinks; at another there was a  distinct predominance of golden color.  The first effect of the drug, however, was  tho tendency of a printed page at which  he was gazing to assumo a blue or violet  border, and at frequent intervals thereafter  lie was conscious of an exceptional abundance of this huo. Almost tho only after  effect which he records was a heightened  appreciation of blue and violet.  Again there were great alternations in  ��������� the brightness of the show. Sometimes  thc colors were somber and sometimes exceedingly vivid. Indeed there were moments when he seemed to be gazing upon  a most dazzling assortment of jewels.  Form was a less conspicuous  phase  of  tho display, yet it was not excluded- therefrom.     There   were    lace   patterns,   arabesques, porcelain designs and finally picturesque   human   figures.       Occasionally  the sense of smell was excited dolightfully.  Most of tho visual phenomena wero perceived when tho experimenter's eyes were  closed, but if he raised his lids and looked  about him any conspicuous object,   like  a  gas jet,   was   likely; to   assume   fantastic  shapes and constant^*   changing   proportions.   It would enlarge and contract with  amazing frequency.   .It has been suggested that the Kiowas have a definite   object  in ' keeping a  fire   blazing    before   them  whenever-.- they indulge in a mescal seance.  The artist on   whom .experiments were  tried   had a weak   heart and   experienced  some unpleasant physical sensations.    He  suffered slightly-fiinm nausea, which  was  relieved when a biscuit was handed to him  to eat, and at times he felt severe pains in  -  the neighborhood   of  the   heart.    Ho also'  reported an oppressive sense of suffocation,  singing in the ears,   hot  eyes  and   hands  and  tremors.    Bub he emerged   from   tho  ordeal without harm.    His visions were a  little different   from  those  of  Mr. Ellis,  but on the  whole  the  excitation   of the  color senso was the predominant feature.  All of tho definite forms that he perceived  were   grotesque   and   suggested  Aubrey  Beardsley's conceptions.  Thc time which elapsed from the first  dose to the last pcrcepti ble effect of the  drug was usually about 12 hours. One  might lie down���������and ho was apt to feel  sufficiently indolent after a little to do so  -���������but the subject was not sleepy, and he  also found that he possessed a certain  amount of intellectual independence. Mr.  Ellis says:  "Mescal intoxication may be described  as chiefly a saturnalia of the specific  senses and, above all, an orgy of vision. A  large part of its charm lies in the halo of  beauty which it casts around the simplest  and commonest objects. It reveals an  optical fairyland, where all the senses now ,  Tlie Queen's Ilnnfjfhty Attendants.  Court etiquette is a fearful and a wonderful thing. It is told that on one occasion when tho lamp in Queen Victorials  sitting room at Osborno was smoking her  majesty appealed to one of her ladies in  waiting to lower.tho wick a trifle. Tho  lady appealed to declined to recognizo  turning down a lamp as one of her official  duties. She passed the information about  the lamp to the next lady in waiting, who  told the third lady, and so it traveled from  attendant to attendant while tho moments  fled and the smoke continued to ascend.  Finally tho queen rose herself and with  her own hand performed the act which her  haughty attendants had felt was below  their dignity.  Handicapped  Opportunities.  When Miss Adeane, now Mrs. Mallet,  was appointed a maid of honor, a well  known man of the Nvoi*ld, whose guest she  was, said to her:  "What an interesting diary you will be  able to keep?"  Miss Adeane replied:  "No, that is impossible. The queen  makes it a condition that wo should not  keep diaries when we aro at- court."  "Oh," said the host, "I think I should  keep a very secret one, all thc same."  " Then I am afraid you would not be a  maid of honor," was tho happy retort.���������  Chicago Times-Herald.  Women  Fire Brigades.  Fire brigades composed of women are  not uncommon in England. ThereJs one'  at Girfcon college, where .'the students have  their own brigade and appliances. Several  of the hospitals have separate brigades of  the nurses and of the male attendants,,  and the nurses are said to be much quicker  than the men. At Holloway college there  is a brigade, formed of the girl students,  capable of .getting the engine at work in  less than a minute. Several establishments in London having large coups of  women employed^ havo organized fire companies.  Foolish  liep-iilxitionn.  When sons and daughters grow up  sickly and feeble, parents commonly regard the event as a misfortune���������as a  visitation of Providence. .Thinking after  the prevalent chaotic fashion, they assume  that these evils come without causes, or  that tho causes are supernatural. Nothing of tho kind. In some cases the causes  are doubtless inherited, but in most cases  foolish regulations are the causes.:���������Herbert Spencer.  KTJSSIAN  ARMY  CKOSSIXG RIVERS.  flated skins. They were made on the spot  aud are not the finished article supplied  to the cavalry.  The report on these rough and ready  skin rafts said that, while fairly satisfactory at .first, the air was apt to escape  from them when they had become softened by the, water. The other men shown  in" tho picture are - crossing the river on  rafts made of any old'pieces of driftwood  that they could find along the banks of  the river. The Volga, where the crossing  was made, is about a mile wide.  * The report.of these "hunters" received  -unusual attentionfroni, the authorities,  owing to the fact that in the pursuit of  their natural occupations they are constantly being confronted by the, problem  of crossing unbridsed rivers. " Their re-'  ports say that though these experiments  were very successful, special appliances  must be used to make rafts of inflated  skins that will stand any test. ' The rafts  of wood, though not ' nearly so picturesque, seem to have been more successful  than the skins.  Some suggestions have been 'made by  the Moscow staff dealing with the crossing of small streams. A bundle of straw,  hay or rushes packed tightly in a lraroc-  work of sticks and then wrapped in a  piece of tent canvas which has been  steeped in oil to render it watertight is  recommended as a strong and durable  float, easily made, are joined together by  three planks, one of parts of a raft when  logs are not available.  The simplest.form of raft suggested by  the Moscow staff is called "The Twin.'"  It consists of two logs about 35 feet in  length and not less than seven inches in  diameter, with a distance between the  logs of seven feefe. They aro joined together by three planks, one at each end  and one in the middle, and then floored  over.  Another raft is made of straw tightly  packed in a framework of wood which  keeps it shipshape, while tho tight packing prevents the straw from soon getting  sodden with the water.  Another   ingenious   device     and     one  which, on paper, "seems scarcely   feasible,  is that of  stuffing   stockings   and , other  garments   with .'dried,   grass   and  them as floats.  A   Xew , Orange. ,  ' The Washington correspondent of the  Chicago Record says    "An orange tree  that will  grow and   bear   fruit   as   far  north as St. Louis   and Philadelphia is  promised by the officials of the agricultural   department     The destruction of  orange crops and groves in recent years  through frosts  in   northern Florida directed the attention   of   Secretary Wilson to a search for some measure of relief for the owners who have been suffering financial loss. < He has been superintending ther crossing   of   the- Florida  orange and the   Japanese otrifoliata. a  hardy  variety   of   fruit, aud   now   has  several thousand   of   the hybrid plants,  which will beset out during the present  spring.    The   experts   believe   that the  new orange will . survive   frost   and, a  moderate amount of cold and are confident that the-experiment will result in  producing trees in which the excellence  of the Florida orange will be combined  with   the   hardiness  of   the   Japanese  plant     If the experiment succeeds, the  department will materially assist-in reviving the orange industry, not only in  Florida, but in other   southern   states,  and' will at  the  same   time   assure the  orange eaters of-an unfailing supply. "  And   Likely    to   Stfny   There    a.   Very  L.on������r Time.        <  One of the groat magazines accepted  a sonnet from an unknown author���������ffhe  first manuscript he had submitted to it. '  A check was ' inclosed   in   the  letter of  acceptance. 'r  Then' the author sat down and waited.  He waited for the sonnet to appear.  After   three    years���������during    which'  period   be was a  regular   purchaser-of '  the magazine���������he ventured   to call ,the  editor's  attention   to the fact that the .  'sonnet had not been published.  ���������  The   editor   replied, in substance, .aa,,  follows: '   ''  "Dear  Sir���������We   cannot   say   when  your poem will appear.   There are just'  97o ahead of it. and ,we only give place  to three poems a month.   It, will come,. ,  however, in its regular order. " /  Then the author went out and fig--  nred just "bow old he would be when ^  the 973fwere exhausted and rolled up.  his sleeves and went to work and shook  the dust of literature from his poetical,  feet.    ��������� '  The Fuirtlly Di Horace.  ',������'>,  !',*? e' /< T  ".J J������TI  J;-.',-" I  '���������71  ���������'.Vj'ikil  The Xe_t Semite.  ,The Republicans' will have a total  membership' in the senate of the Fifty's! xtb congress of 51. exclusive of a senator from Pennsylvania, and not counting Stewart. Jones and Kyle, who will  vote with the Republicans on all questions except silver. The total opposition  will number, 35. which, with the vacant seats of states having made no  choice, make up the total of the 90  members of the upper chamber. This  gives a Republican majority of 16 over  all, counting Stewart, Jones^ and Kyle  in the opposition, and 22 when included  in the Republican column.    , -     ���������  Republicans 51  Democrats ." '..26  Populists 4  Silver Republicans. ��������� i  Silver  2  Independent  1  "' -     -    - "������)U  Republican succeeds a  "ana a' Democrat succeeds a Silver Republican, and in Maryland. Wisconsin, New York, North Dakota. New Jersey. West Virginia and  Indiana Democrats go out and Republicans take their  Post.  'Did. you ever work?'*  'No. but f bad ������r brother  did.  11 -  once who ,'>*'?3^|  "'������������������������������������*���������*? I  was '-?<���������!Sl  In Nebraska a  Populist; in Monl  Convinced.  "I used to think that 'possibly _ .,.   doing somebody an injustice," said the-' ,  Chinese   emperor.'  "But I may as well  face the gloomy truth."       ���������   *   . -<���������/-���������_-<  "What's the matter?"     '       '-    .'   \:'y^:,^  "I am at'last convinced that'the em-",' ',V<?|j  press dowager has serious designs on, my : ������������������&$*.  kfe. ,j - - ���������      *'-������������������ ���������--������'  "What has happened?"  VSlie has commanded me to umpire-aj'*������^  baseball game between the attaches of; ixffi,  the Russian and1 British  legations..'^'j-fefll  .��������� /jfi-jti  iv-.-/-.iJ3F  M  Washington Star  .,-** ��������� tft-**a-4W������|  y\ -...-'V^i'sl  seats. ���������Washington  Tolstoi's   Vanity.     'l  Professor Lombroso, the great Italian  '-'pbysicocriininologist, " while visiting  Russia  recently, met Tolstoi, and  this  is what he says of that eminent writer.  "As I entered the  room I saw him sitting at his writing table in old, patched  clothes.    I   am an   admirer of  Tolstoi,  but I believe   he   is   ill.    I received the  impression   that   he is very vain     You  havo only to look at the shoes he has on  his feet.    The   leather was   everywhere  torn and in   holes, all done   artificially  in order that he  might   have an opportunity of mending them   in his skillful  way."���������Philadelphia   Saturday   Evening Post.  Riches or  PriNon  Wn.it For Him!-   l'\  Manager���������Does it  take 'yon"an hour -'���������  to go around the corner, sir? ,-",-", "\  Office Boy���������Please, sir, a man dropped-'  a half a dollar in the gutter.  Manager���������And it took   you  all   thisf  time to get it out? -   -  Office Boy���������Please, sir, .1 had to wait' '  till the man had gone away.  The manager concluded the lad1 was, "  if anything, too  sharp.���������Stray Stories.  \_������l  * *���������!  _sl  using  Her  VICTORIA   AND  ALBERT.'  ..Msijent.v      Xjjui-en      Victoria's  1*10:1 tiny:   J'iilacc.  New  The Victoria and Albert, Queen Victoria's new yacht, just, launched at Pembroke, is unique among yachts, being,  as it is; the largest of its kind of craft in  the world. This new royal pleasure hoat  is as largo as the TJni&ed States cruiser  Baltimore, and beside it William K.  Vanderbilt's great tacht Valiant is only  a moderately-sized ship. The imperial  German   yacht;   Hohenzollern   is   by   no  The Proper Way .of Breathing-.  To learn to breathe properly, inflate tho  lungs and walk for five paces, keeping the  mouth shut and breathing through the  nose, increasing the five paces to ten and  then to 15 or more. Follow this up by  taking several long breaths after getting  up in the morning and again before retiring.���������Ladies' Home Journal.  Bellamy Storer, the newly appointed  minister to Spain, is vice president of  the Harvard Alumni association. He  graduated from Harvard in 1&67.  THE   QUEEN'S   XEW   YACHT.  means as spacious and bulky as the fine  vessel of the Emperor's royal grandmother. Tho Victoria and Albert was  built at the Government dockyard in  Pembroke. Her keel was laid down Dec.  23, 1897, and Parliament appropriated  nearly $1,500,000 for the work. "The total  cost will be fully that sum. The dimensions of the new yacht are: Length, 8SO  feet; beam, 50 feet; draft, 18 feet, and  her displacement is 4.600 tons. The hull  is steel, wood-sbeathed and covered with  copper.    There arc double bottoms, three  A   L,oujl;- Pneumatic  Tube.  A pneumatic tube to transmit mail  between New York and Philadelphia is  under serious consideration, and tho  project w*ill probablj* be introduced in  the next congress A pressure of eight  pounds to a 12 inch tube would give a  speed, of ,35 miles an hour and '200  pounds of pressure a speed of 150 miles  an hour Each carrier, 34 inches long  and 11 inches wide, would convey 100  pounds, and. dispatched at intervals of  ten seconds, giving a carrying capacity  of 4o2 tons daily At present n letter  .mailed in one of these cities for the  other is seldom delivered on the day it  is posted.  Paper  Hnn^riii-*; I>y  Machinery.  Paper can now he hung by machinery The device has a rod en which a  roll'of paper is placed and a paste reservoir with; a fee_er placed'1 so as to engage the wrong side of the paper. The  end of the paper is fastened to.the bottom of the wall, and the machine .started up the wall, being held in place by  the operator. A roller follows the paper  as it unwinds and presses it against the  wall. When the top of the was is  reached, the operator pulls a string,  which cuts the paper off from the roll.  The   Alternative.  The doctors had consulted; it was appendicitis..  "Shall we operate?'"  The sufferer glared up into their  faces.   .  "No!" he cried savagely.  For, strange to say, there are persons  in the world to whom life is dearer than  social prestige.���������rDetroit Journal.  Wouldn't   linn   the   Risk.  "The fact that Filzsimmons has had  his teeth   set with diamonds   I take to  ,be an indication that he hag permanently retired from the prize ring."  "Why so?"  "Why. you don't suppose he's going  to take   auy chance of   having  one  of  those knocked down his throat, do you ?'"  ���������Chicago Post  liiieourn^iiifj.  Author���������You have noticed, of course,1  that the suffering, of the heroine is intended to'be terrible in the first act.  Critic .(who has just read the play)���������  Still, it'll "be'as naught in comparison  with the suffering of the audience along  toward the last act.���������-Chicago News.  His    Fate.  Bronson���������I saw Hardnppe today, and  the few words we exchanged convinced  me that he's going to the dogs.  Johnson���������You don't mean itV  "Yes; he told nie he was about to embark in business as a sausage manufacturer. '.'���������Philadelphia Record. ���������'  Too Much  For Them.  The politician was driven to bay. As  a last desperate move he determined to  tell the truth. He did so. And, the opposition being completely disarmed,  the politician's victory after that was  easy.���������Philadelphia North American.  A   Bit   of   Red   Tape.  Great is red tape! A telegraph repairer was sent out from Great Bend.  Ind., the other.day to locate a break in  line No. 1. On climbing the pole he  found a break there also in line No. 2.  After fixing No. 1 he climbed down the  pole, walked two miles to the nearest  station and telegraphed to the superintendent, at Great Bend, for orders to  fix No. 2.  An  Old Joke on  the Grocer,'  "Count Waldersee, who is commonly  reckoned the ablest fighting man in all  Europe, married the daughter of a New  York grocer."'  "I suppose that's where he got his  sand."���������Cleveland Plain Dealer.  Snbnrlmn  Troubles.  "It was a great mistake to teach our  cow to eat cactus. "  "Why?   Did it kill her?"  "Kill her V We can't keep a yard of  Darbed wire fence around the place. "��������� r  ij-.-sirJCsM fg3nwnu,mm*i������t\vb  _;A������r������ i zz tfitijUi  ������ir_^~l_W_tra-J!#t_i_ -MUW* ��������� M*4 i. l,w_-������o(_������._������_.|  -THE" CUMBERLAND NEWS.  ISSUED EVERY SATURDAY.���������  i  ii  V  I--?  i-J ���������,���������>_'  >a:^  l:S?'  SATURDAY,    AUG. 12th,    1899.  "During the   last   election   Mr.  James  Dunsmuir,  campaigning at  .Union., made  great efforts  to pose  as a friend to-the workingmen.,   A-  mong other pleas-ant things lie gave  them to understand   that, he would j,  not, employ Chin Keen in the mines  No doubt 'it mav.-be  denied that a  ^specific  promise was  given���������there  >are alwaj's  loopholes to wiggle out  of election promise!?;  but u^on ibe  ���������promise,   stated   or   implied.   Mr.  Dunsmuir's eh-ction latgeiy turned.  It appears it was only  cuipiy wind  for  immediately   on   receipt   of  a  cablegram    from    England     four  Chinaman   were  scut to  work underground in the  mines at Union,  and (we have it on good authority)  the Union Colliery Company's superintendent was  instructed to hire  . 400 hundred Chinese, who will be  sent up to that ill-fated town shortly.".���������Nanaimo Herald..  . It gives one that ''tired feeling/'  the. patent"med:.cine ads tell about  to read stuff like that. What Mr.  Punsmuir said was'that the miners  should take' a vote "among     them-  < selves on the question.    If the}' de-  cide, against having the Chinese in-,,  the.mines he would  put them out.  No such, vote  was ever  taken  for  the reason that Mr. McAllan, . the  i* * *  opposing .-.candidate, did all'" in his  power to prevent the men from expressing an opinion in the matter.  He must of been afraid, of the result.. These are,the .facts and' we  have yet to -learn when and where'  Jaimes Dunsmuir went back on his  ���������^yord. in the matter. It Is no use  making incorrect statement? in the  public press. -You are always sure  |o get caught.  i As to .that 400 Chinaman yarn,  there is not a word of truth in it.  The..Superintendent of the Union  ���������palli^ty Co. received no such instructions.    Will the Herald name  business, and   if the- proprietors of f  the Herald would only do the same \  a greater measure  of .success might  attend their efforts.  I   '      LOCAL   BRIEFS,      '   I  its 'good authority'? Either Ralph  Smith et al. were misinformed by  their spies, or the Heralds 'infor-  m a lion' re*-ts on the same ground  as did the Islander's celebrated 'information' about what Coilis Huntington and James Dunsmuir were  going to do with the Union Mines  that time Mr. Huntington's ghost  appeared in this town.  Miss Nickerson, and   Mrs. Nick-  son'came up last boat.  Mr. Ryder, returned from Vancouver, this wsek.  Mr. L. P. Eckstein has gone down  to, Vancouver.  t  Mr. Alex Urquhart came up from  Victoria lasi boat.  Mrs. J. R. McLeod is back   from  .Wellington.  For   Sale.���������A   new  'type-writer,  never been used. Price $40.   Apply  this office.  Another shift has been put on at  the Lake.  ,L)r. Dalby will leave Cumberland  Oct.!.,.'  The   output   of  coal   from   the  mines is to be increased by 400tons  a day.  Mr. G. L. Courtney, Traffic Manager of the E. &. N., was up on the  City of Nanaimo this week.  ��������� The show window of the Big Store  is a credit ��������� to the artistic taste of  Mr. Riggs.  MissMilligan returned from Harrison Hot Springs Wedesday.  She spent some time visiting friends  at Nanaimo. ' ������������������"     ' ' ,,  , r FOR SALE OR RENT.���������The  house lately occupied b}' Mr. Chas.  Lowe. For terms, apply to J.L.Roe*  Cumberland. .  ��������� FOR SALE.���������A set of   Dickens'  works-^-cost   $28���������will   take   $10.  ���������A-PPty tn*s office.  RETIRING FROM BUSINESS.���������  My entire stock of dry-goods, groceries, boot3*und shoes, hard-ware,  etc., ^oix5g ;at cost price.  (Y   A. W. Rennison, Comox.  LADIES' SAILOR HATS AT  . ESS T  Ladies' Summer Gloves, worth 35, 40 and 50 cents, new 25  cents. Gent's Negligee Shirts, worth' 75 cents, $1.00 and $1.25.  go at 50 cents. Gent's four-in-hand ties 25 cents. ' Gent's  Caps 25 cents. Cretonne of beautiful design and perfect  imitation- of rich upholstering tapistry at 16 j4 cents per yard.  These are startling statements, but are true and you should  not fail to take advantage of this opportunity, for it will not last  fpr ever.    These lines must be cleared out at once.  CHANGE   OF, CORPOEATE  NAME.-  Notice is hereby given   that   th\  Union Colliery Company  of - Briti  ish Columbia,   Limited   Liability  Jl  tk  11 I g II 5  w5 "_j  *sLJ_r   x&     JSL  m __ ������&������  EH  TO-  intends to apply to His Honor thfi  Lieutenant-Governor for permission j  to change its name to that of- .tlij.j  "Wellington Colliery . Oompan^j  Limited Liability."  ' Dated Victoria,' 18th July, 1899'; jl  DAVIE, POOLEY & LUXTOnJ  Solicitors to the Union '-Colliery*!  Company of B. C, Limited Liapl  bility. '    jl  NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS.  . Most people thought when, the  plant was removed to Nanaimo that  this town would be no longer troubled with the   silly   vaporings - and  **.  wanton interference with tlie affairs  of its citizens which   characterized  the columns of the   Islander.    But  the last issue of tho Hon Id   proves  .that it remains 'unchanged  except  in name.'   ���������   , .  -. In-article 'headed .'Lawbreakers':  it  calls    upon    the   .Inspector   of  Mines to tak e  steps to  -bring the  . Union'Colliery  Co. to  justice,' because after the  exclusion   act  had  ���������been disallowed by   the highest tribunal  in  the  Empiic,    the Company '.engaged Chinese    (possibly  without consulting, the   Editor   of  tne Herald) towo>-k in their ir-hus.  .������������������We submit this-is not. a c'liosiiort'  of the merits  of   Chinese  jabov at  all.    The Company have a right to-  ���������employ   whosoever   they please   to  do their'work,   just as'have  any  other brivate  individua.];-; provided  they-do not  violate ihe laws of the  country in so doing.    ^  What private quarrel the Herald  may have with the U. C. Co. we  know not and care not. but that  -paper certainly does not add to its  dignity by devoting the whoie of  its editorial columns to venting  spleen.against those who may have  incurr_d the personal wra������;h of its  editor.. .      ,  ill  Sealed Tenders, properly indorsed, will be received up to Thursday  24th inst. at 6 p.' m. for the construction of a frame school house at  Union Bay.  Plana and Specifications, Blank  forms ol Tender, and Bond of Execution of the work can be had on  applications to the undersigned.  The lowest of any tender not  necessarily accepted.  ' M. Manson.  Secretary Trustee Board.  Union Bay, August 11, '99.  -_8-*-__ss*--_':-**-^^  DEATH OF MRS. ROE.  It is with sincere regret that we chronicle the death of Mrs. John L. Roe which  occurcd last Tuesday night at 9 o'clock.  The deceased lady had'been suffering  for some years, but her illness took an  acute form onlv. a few months ago. Since  then, notwithstanding the coustant care  and kindness of skilled attendants. She  gradually sank till the end came while  she lay unconscious. Though almost  always   enduring  extieme   pain.    Mrs.  Roe was ever gentle and cheerful. In  this town, where she was a prominent  figure in social circles, she will be much  missed.  The funeral took   place   Friday to the  English   Church    cemetery,    Sanpwick.  Rev. J. X. Willemar assisted by Rev. W,  Hicks, conducLed the service accordiug  to the beautiful and impressive rite of the  &*  nei  ai i^y_cfe y  __"fcs3_ijk    12  &J1������  **y������ j  lit  ������_3  1     l^O-lfi  9N  ,_L_LJ  ll  Wl  illl  pr> \/f  1  T  cave union  arf at seven o'clock a. m.  and Comox .at 7:30 o'clock a. m. Arrive, at  Texada at 9:45 a. m. . Leave Texada at four  o'clock p.  If .������AIT! k Co.  ���������DEALERS IN���������  Pianos &  Organs,  Musical InstrumBflts  ���������AND���������  Musical lercliandise  ���������0��������� '  Phonographs  Graphophones.  -o-  m.  Tp  :'"*rill JjeaVe-yqiori (3  Tr  Hereis a chance to see Grant & Mounce  start their mill and see the smelter work.  Plenty   of   time, to   see  all   that's  interesting  ;_>  SAFES, BILLIARD TABLES, TYPEWRITERS,  LAWN TENNIS, HOCK-,  EY and GOLF GOODS.  4  -o-  B3CYCLES  AND BICY-.  CLE SUPPLIES  60 Government St. Victoria  %  U>.  arounci the mines  Church   of  Enj-hmd.  Messrs.   Baird.  .One thing  is well known to  and tnat is tliat   the U. C. Co. and  Uhe  D-jns.nuii-j'   inhid   their   own  Riggs, Nunus, Mounce and Dalby acted  as pail-bearers. Mr. Roeand Mrs. Willemar were chief mourners.  The coffin was covered with lovely flowers. Mr. and Mrs. Little sent a wreath;  Mrs. Dunbar, a cross; Mr. and.Mrs.Clin.t-  rm, cut flowers; Master Clinton, a cross:  Mr. and Mrs. Tarbell, cut flowers; Mr.  and Mrs. Mounce, a cross; Mr. and Mrs.  Grant, a cross; Mr. Riggs, a .cross; Dr.  and Mr. Dalby, a cross; Mrs. Staples, a  croii; Mrs. Bailey, cut flowers.  In ilits hour of affliction, when the  spirit of a loved one has fled and the  folded hands lie still and cold, we too,  beg to offer a tribute of- esteem to the  memory of the   dead  and   sympathy   to  the sorrowing  family.  3S-a__s?j_iWrVa_3  Fare from Union and Meiurns.  arejrom, vomox ana A&etwm9  $i.oo:  4Tg������  li  Tickers to-be had of j. B. McLean, Union  and on board the boat.  WHARF-NOTES.  Quite a gang of men-, are  employed on the Government road  making much needed improvements.  A school house is to -de built -at the  Bay. Tenders are invited up to  the 24th inst.  Mr. J. Miller owner o.f the extensive logging camp at Garvin's Point  returned from Victoria by the City  Wednesday.  Transfer, No. 1 has started carrying loaded cars to Vancouver; it  ' ������ making things  look as of yore a  round the Bay. C'.' P. R. freight  cars are quite in evidence this last  few days���������long may it continue so-  Shipping generally is looking better.    So  far, 8680 tons  of coal and  350 tons of coke have been shipped.  Rev.   Mr. Nixon, of Denman Id.  from a trip to England by the City  on   Wednesday.    He   had a. vejy  enjoyacie time.  Miss Mv C, Manson went down  on the City this morning for a two  weeks holiday.  JMrom........$i.7S  arid'up.  rrom....85 cents  and up.  and a full line of Jewelry cheap. Wedding  Rings, all  sizes.  ALL    WATCHES     AND  CLOCKS CLEANED AND  REPAIRED AND   WARRANTED TO   KEEP,  TIME BY  T.D,McLEAN  1.1


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