BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

Creston Review Feb 22, 1918

Item Metadata


JSON: xcrestonrev-1.0173521.json
JSON-LD: xcrestonrev-1.0173521-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xcrestonrev-1.0173521-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xcrestonrev-1.0173521-rdf.json
Turtle: xcrestonrev-1.0173521-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xcrestonrev-1.0173521-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xcrestonrev-1.0173521-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 Vol, X  ORESTON, B. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1S1B  rso. a  ���������iUfUS  oldiers  ravor tne riatsrr  In the latest issue of the Veterans'  VVeefciy, the ��������� paper published by and  wolely in the interest of the returned  soldiers, David Loughnan, president  of the B.C. Great War Veterans'  Association, discusses the question o������  land settlement for soldiers. The  article   is   of  particular    interest . to  !*J    "E**.*^*.  the view the returned soldier takes of  the placing of him on the land, and  after some investigation the writer  endorses the proposal that the Kootenay Flats at Creston is the ideal  ���������oeatson for such a soldiers' settlement, always proyidea reclamation of  these lands can be accomplished. Mr.  Loughnan's article follows:  A very noticeable increase of interest has recently developed in the  question of land settlement for returned soldiers, and tlie subject is of such  vital importance that a definite  scheme, of operation wiii of necessity  require to he evolved shortly by those  in authority. Thus fat* no attempt  has he^n made towards finding a  'solution of what will become, after  t he war, one of the greatest and most  costly of provincial problems���������that of  rehabilitating the returned soldier.  While at present but comparatively  few of those returned are physically  fit to take up farming, even on a small  scale, those able and  eager   to do 60  warran t  ���������,������������rni 4jk c������i8iii*j5^rsi;  vi a j V4\ XiQ\.  in connection with the reclamation  could be completed in another season's  operations. On the American side  the engineers' have reported on all  phases of the undertaking, but nothing  definite can be stated until th������ Canadian scheme is worked out, owing to  the fact that the real drainage features  are to be at a, point below Nelson, and  at Proctor, where the west arm of  Kootenay lake is to be widened. It is  understood that the Idaho authorities  are prepared to pay pro rata for every  acre on  their side that is reclaimed.  A tract of about 40,000 acres lies  south of the boundary. The government has records showing the volume  of water that has had to be contended  with during the past twenty-five years,  and has, therefore, ample data upon  which to base a definite conclusion.  The completion of the survey and  observation work should be proceeded with at once, in order that a full  pronouncement of the scheme necessary might be secured.  The fertility of the soil has been  proven year after year on the Idaho  side, where the lands are not subject  to so great an overflow. Enormous  yields of all sorts of grain, hay and  roots are common.  Except for the timber that grows  along the banks of the Goat and Kootenay rivers, the country is free of  scrub and all ready for the plow. The  soil being of immense depth and of  great fertility, dairying and hog-raising could be profitably undertaken in  conjunction with fruit growing and  the usual grain and root crops.   These  ir#oi 1 rapper is  i*a  jr rozen in ^nacK  George Henry Fisher, an old-time  prospector and trapper, was found  dead in his shack in the hills, about  five miles above Sanca, on Wednesday.  This was the startling intelligence  telephoned Provincial police officer  Carter on Wednesday afternoon, by  ii.'tiis r3.rt*ve, snotiier i.Bxm.\\\sX' ti^ure in  the hills in the Kuskanook section.  Mr. Carter left the same afternoon  for Sanca to bring the remains down,  and they will most likely be taken to  Nelson for an inquest before burial.  Apparently Fisher had started out  on a trapping expedition, intending  to go to the headwaters of Goat River  ���������a trip he had taken before several  times. However, it would seem that  he bad collapsed at the end of the first  day's travelling, as the body, fully  dressed, was found lying on the bed  as if asleep. Lately deceased has  made his home at Nelson.  Fisher must have been a man of  about sixty years. B.e was in Kuskanook twenty years ago when the K;V.  was building in there. Since then he,  has been in and out of this section of  Kootenay much of the time both trapping and prospecting, being interested }  in several claims there as well as at  Sheep Creek.  to having Cultus Creek placed on the  map in the near future.  Mr. Rid path of Cranbrook is on the  yard crew staff at present, he and Mr.  Clayton filling up in the absence of  Messrs. Loasby and Gallant.  R. Jarrett, mayor of Kootenay  Landing, was here on Tuesday enroute  to Creston on a business visit.  Mr. and Mrs. Cameron are now sett  led  in  their   new residence on  Fifth  Avenue,  having   taken    the   Gallant  bunaralow.  Green Promises to  Sf***k  Assist urainage  Amongst those who favored R. F.  Green, M.F., with a business call during his visit- here bet-ween trains on  Tuesday,    were    Messrs.    Constable,  i-T������*k t������/*,C (Mni  M  *���������������<*.* <L~J<x- M^fKl  were  mett  tnu  Embree,  \\\xx  Mrs. W. D. Touhey has had word  from her husband that he is out of the  hospital, and is again back at work  within sound of the big guns.  /  tne immediate commencement of an  undertaking in co-operatiye land  settlement, which, as time progresses,  can be enlsr^ed s>s the occasion requires. While there is no desire on  the part of any thinking man to attempt to stamped** the government  into a hastily conceived measure, it  x\-.,x    .0 i.U,���������  J���������lv���������  ������s*������y*-*tf*sff"-.  in tnts question win be most unwise,  and productive only of hardship and  discouragement for the men. and a  retardment of the best interests of the  province^ One of the most pressing  needs in British Columbia to-dry is  that of agricultural produce. Greater  production of foodstuffs is rapidly becoming a world cry. And yet' tio  feasible opportunity has so far been  offered those willing and able to "do  their bit" in this respect. It is the  opportunity which is desired by many  a member of the Great War Veterans  Association���������the chance to get out on  his own land, and "make good," as he  did while serving the Empire���������and  surely the opportunity will not much  longer be denied him.  One of the most important factors  to he considered in connection with a  returned soldier land settlement  scheme would be that of climatic'conditions. The severely cold winters of  the northern interior might often  prove Loo much for men whose constitutions have become weakene I by  wounds and the terrible rigors of  modern warfare. Another essential  towards the success of any such undertaking would he tho establishment of  co-operative community centres. Life  is too short to the man who h������is boon  ''over there," and no amount of persuasion   would    induce   the   average  Holdier !<*���������   iiiii'V   lihiifieJf   rillvt*   oii   t.'ie  usual "homestead" proposition.  There is probably no tract of land  in British Columbia more suitable for  31 soldier eolony than that known as  tho, Kootenay Flats. Extending north  from tho United States boundary line,  these llatis comprise an area wome  twenty mites long and between (Ivo  and six miles wide, or approximately  .10,000 acres, all of which is available  with the exception of about 5000  -tores, known as the Reclamation  Farm. This ���������'farm" was attempted  Home years ago on a dyking system  but. the dyken failed. Tho (lata which  are entirely government owned, can  he reclaimed at a cost of about two  million dollars, < f which man the  '���������Mate of Idaho would,  in all pmbahil- ! located public utiliticn  upon carefully  fection, which fact gives rise to the  possibilities connected with the establishment of a  beet sugar factory.  Nearby markets exist . already.  Creston lies about midway between  the international boundary and the  northern extremity of the fiats. Then  again these lands are situatou centrally between the coal mining regions of  the Crows Nest, and the metalliferous  mines of the Slocan and Rossland  districts, and the smelter town of  Trail. Practically next door lie the  lumber camps of East Kootenay.  From this it will be readily seen that  the question of markets would not  enter into the problem. Ample means  of transportation are also in existence,  with great possibilities of development.  From the above cursory details it is  evident that in the Kooteuay Flats,  subject, of course, ato their reclamation, as ideal a situation, having regard to climate, fertility, transportation and markets, exists as is to be  found in any part of British Columbia  for the colonization of returned  soldiers.  Many schemes have, from time to  time, been propounded as to the most  practical method of establsshing and  running such a colony, and much forethought, mill p������..������etw_..������i t*xpe;:e::c'*  would be necessary to ensure success  from the start, but such things have  been done and can most successfully  be repeated in British Columbia. A  co-operative corporation on the linos  of the Sask Co-op. Elevator System,  or one of the many Californian Cooperative Colonies might he put into  efh'ct with splendid results without  t!i.-- dangfiv of experimentalism l������t*ing  incurred.  Returned soldiers will be found to  bo particularly adaptable, full of initiative and suitable in every way to  community colonization, having fully  learned the lessons of practical comradeship on the battlefield. On a  community basin workers in every  line of endeavor would find their opportunity of advancement and ultimate independence, for in ordoi to  make a, success of the agriculture* side  of the proposition it must necessarily  b.V'umo a ci'lf-supporting and rolf-  ciMitnineil area, thereby giving the  arti/an an equal chance with tho  farmer. It would he expedient for  the   government   to   build   centrally  R. Gallant, who has been second in  charge of the yard crew, left a few  days ago for West Toronto, Ontario,  where he will be employed in future.  Both he and Mrs. Gallant were popular  citizens and their departure is regretted, r    ~ .    '     '      ' '  Mr. Clayton of Cranbrook has arrived and -ivili fill the vncAncy in the  C.P.R staff caused by Mr. Gallant's  transfer.  Mrs. Dennes and Mrs. and Miss  Goodman were Creston callers between trains on Saturday,  While at the sale at Wasa recently  Ike Lewis invested in a hay baler and  next season intends to go into the hay  export trade.  Freight congestion in the yards is  cleaned up again aud both east and  westbound traffic is being handled in  and out as fast as it offers.  Yardmaster Loasby expects to go  back on duty about Monday next.  Ke is feeling pretty nearly as well as  usual again.  When it comes to forecasting weather and election results Conductor  Graves and Mayor Daly make -t great  team. Taking climatic conditions for  it this week the con's, eyes must be  playing tricks on him; it certainly  wasn't ducks he was seeing at tho  Landing a few days ago.  Mr. and Mrs. McMasters were calling on Crouton friends between trains  on Monday. Sunday's train was two  hours late but no such good luck* for  them the following day.  Mr. and Mrs. Mulhollund are now  enjoying tho balmy air of Victoria, incidentally Jack intends to visit tho  lawmaking establishment with a view  Eric Craigie was among those who  wrote on the exams, at Creston on  Tuesday, for a government timber  ���������scaler's license.  Word is to hand from Pte. Jim  Long this week, that he has recovered  sufficiently from the effects of the gas  attack to go back to work,.but he has  had to be transferred to--a forestry  corps. ���������      ��������� -"  Mr. and Mrs. Oherrington and  family of Creston were Sunday visitors with Mr; and Mrs. G. Oartwright.  Murdoch McLeod of Ainsworth was  a yisitor at Erickson a couple of days  the latter part of the week.  J. S������- Desehamps of Rossland was a  visitor with J. M. Craigie on Wednesday, going oyer plans of a sawmill  Mr. Craigie  has been  asked to super-  tend the erection of at Sulliyt  near Trail.  i'Q&t  tne round oi wrusts continues, un  Thursday night last the play was at  the home of D. S. Timmotis, when  eight tables of players were on hand,  and honors were decidedly close for  both sets of prizes. The high scores  were made by Mrs. Maxwell and  Percy Boffey on this occasion, while  the fewer punch marks were discovered on the cards of Mrs. Dodd and R,  T. Telford. After a splendid supper  dancing was the order of the evening,  and in the spacious living room with  a good floor and music this feature  was heartily entered into by both the  juveniles and grownups.  On Tuesday night.  Mrs.  Boffey was  hostess and here the  biggest  surprise  of the season transpired.    Mrs. Dodd  who was low at the Timmons at home  captured  the ladies'  honors,  with E.  A. Penson similarly  successful,   while  J. M. Craigie for the first time figured  up the lowest of all  the playeis, with  Mrs. Cotterill for a partner  in the bad  luck.    Here,  too,  after a sumptuous  lunch, dancing followed,   finishing up  a   night's     pleasure    that     all   fully  annruciated.  ity. pay  fifty  per cent.   most, of this  money being spant in British   Colum  bin.    The Hon. John   Oliver,  imisit.l.-r  of agriculture, while looking  into the   work.  prepared pilaris, giving special attention to I hen-eat ion of a .i.ioial environ*  incut   and   adaptability    iu   nil   hiich  project, lost fall, *'at< d   that he would  he willing to upend up  to $75 an ucre  proof of the po:;-rit>i!itie.'>  of the land.-.  Tin- I'll^UW l.l l������������|4   iVol'tw    .nUe.ul.V   lliotie  Naturally  the  question of  the cost  of nueh un   undertaking  looms  large,  I...,*      i*       .oi.,������      I*'.      ..,,,w������ ...*,kvii*.,������.i    .������ 1    t \.i.  name time, that   incalculable   benefit')  would accrue, not ouiv   to   lie-   actual  settlors, but to the province us ������  whole, and the scheme, If properly  figured out, could be made a splendid  investment of public money.  We already havo a sufficient number of returned men awaiting tho  opportunity; we undoubtedly have  some splendid areas of most suitable,  land awaiting settlement; there is no  question as to the economic require-^  muntH of the province in the matter  of greater food productions; public  sentiment is entirely in favor of providing the ways ami means for this  purpose; tiie neceMMitry funds can be  found if desired; therefoie, but one  requisite remains to hesecured for tho  accomplish men t of tho work���������a man  big enough- and broad enough to  visualize, the immense possibilities  that lie in a   practical solution of this  ix������-i"l<     )'ii|.iii'l������"l     M.>l.lii>������.    iii'iililnl.i      m������������������1  ... ������, *  strong enough to curry   the  biuiltieii*/,  ..^.OiM.l, all ...111;.,    U. ,1 tiUCce.ft.ikUl  II1..UC  d&IIee Sidling  The 1018 ice harvest is under way  this week, tho slough at Hood's bridge  being the scene of operations. The  congealed moisture is about 14 inches  thick.  Sunday's gale drifted the road between here and town in great shape,  there boing about half a hundred of  them all sizes and depths. Wednesday and Thursday mornings we hud  some 10-below   weather  for a change.  Tho Knitting Club is indebted to  Mrs. Seaver (nee Gertie Stewart) for  a. ciihIi donation of one dollar to help  out with, the good work. Mr. and  Mrs. Seaver are living at Ore, Montana, now.  Guy   Constable     installed    a   vmkkI  Hawing outfit last, week that, is a bir of;  a marvel for fuel cutting.    The haw is j  driven    by   a    treadmill    . ontrivance ]  ii im 11     >,,     ..|i. -,, .tin     .ij      1 in      \..{>..,.     ...   !  bin Ford ear. the aiv being simplyj  backed onto the treadmill and sawing j  operations commence. It handles a 1  iUMnch circular saw readily.  The   Knitting Club   St.; Valentine  whist drive at the home of Mrs. IVam*  Reclamation Committee of the Creston Board of Trade, who discussed  that matter with the member ��������� for  t������ est ivooteua.y.  While reclamation of the Kootenay  Fiats is largely a matter that the  authorities at Victoria are responsible  for, the turn eyents have lately taken  in connection with land settlements  for returned soldiers make it possible  that the federal authorities may be of  seryice on the drainage"proposition.  The original  scheme  was that each  each  province  should   be responsible  for looking   after   its   own  returned  veterans so far as practicable.    This  year, howeyer-, it became evident that  so far as land settlement is concerned  a   certain    amount    of   co-operation  must   obtain,  for the   simple reason    >  that many of the  soldiers from the  prairie are averse to tackling farming  there, but are quite willing to try out  life on the land in B.C. where climatic:  CGuuitiOus   at*: more to   their liking,  and where intensive farming is largely  the order of the day.  J.UM     .XKSX.     K4X    UftAlO       fal L>l4<1,J.It. 111       iUI'l    VXltSCn  was approached for his best efforts to  see that if the Dominion figures in the  soldiers land settlement that Kootenay Flats get the very fullest consideration. Mr. Green assured that he will  "St' in touch with Ottswa st ence  That if he finds the powers at Ottawa  are hooked up with  the provinces in  a-1-v.n. ������.ww>.4-4-~*������ ~* ���������rt46i: ���������   i-?~~ n*.4.^. ���������fc.-  uur iuc&litci* ui acuuiii^   uic vcivi'aiia obi  the land they will be urged to get in  to communication with Victoria to  discover just where Kootenay Fiats  reclamation is at and to insist, so far  as it may bp judicious to do so, that  all the investigation work be completed forthwith and a definite pronouncement made as to whether  reclamation is a feasible and not too  costly an undertaking.  Advices from the United States as  to where reclamation is at. are all that  could be desired. Through Senator  Borah the drainage department at  Washington issues the statement that  just as soon as the remainder of the  work of investigating the project in  B.C. is completed and the data available the engineers from the two  countries can meet in conference and  in twenty-font* hours should be able  to say whether these lands can be  reclaimed. Should u definite pronouncement in favor of reclamation  be made, the senator suites that in  less than a month Washington authorities will have all the U.S. details to  get on with thp work arranged.  Tins is a very circumspect state;  ment of cu.se. and ns not more tnnn  two months work is required to complete the U.C ei������d of the engineering  work, there seems no valid reason of  any sort why British Columbia should  not get busy and let us have something definite as to whether reclamation can be successfully undertaken  at least. In view of th������������ limited expenditure this finishing up process  will entail it is up to the lands department to move rapidly and shift the  seeming onus for delaying matters  onto tho good people across   tho line.  of the crowd vvhii-h numbered over  fiixty, young and old���������about twenty  of them ctimiiiK from Creston, along  with a delegation from Wynndel.  Most of the pri'/fH went to town, Mrn.  Cherrington taking the ladies* first  prize, while C F. 11 ayes made the top  score for the men. Gentlemen's  fcecond priv.e went to T, Hanii*. and in  the cut for tin* ladies' second prize  Miss 1 tilth Stuit.li Iveat Misw K. Arrow-  smith. iJiiiiug the "vening the ladies  .**.';���������> rattled 11 cushion, which Mrs. Ai.h  was the lucky winner of.    Cards  con-  Hiimptu-  timied until 11 .:iO, vhen tin  ou>>-q>ki-.ul ol |^ond tliimgh to eat wiih  partaken nt'. mid <1mtx'irif*; followed for  alMiut an Itnnr. The Knitting Club  last Thursday night was  a grant! mic-! ladies royally   upheld   the  reputation  |.<������.im    everv    wi>v   vim    Iii. >L     j.l    il        'IVn      \ i!.-.. '-.������������������li.ii. iii...   f,,������.   .,>.t... t i.in i������,..-    >���������������>���������������  tablet*, wore provided for card playing   txt ' sure of 11 still bigger crowd if they  kJllt>IIJIi'.fcV������i..-<it*'i   v.*....t^,������    ,.������    v..m.\    .....*.     .i^aui ������ i.k. ��������� m.ii. ...  ..in.,, a    i4������������������f������i    t'.OII\ti.  ^���������afr-fofriW*^^ pm  .tti^JWft*^!^-^"^'1***^^^^^  R^f'Sffi  "������-j.*** jusiijp otnin p t  mmHu  mmm  wi.imuimiMiHumn  MM  txTMmxt  eSMSBksssa'  ^^SSSB^^^^^^^^^*' l������MJ!P*M|W*M'JJOiri������J-IIJUlJggM*������  sasa  'ILXXJ"1nT7r''T'n11'rw"w tMWJBPTBBICl  ti ; 3,  B.  I  II  THE  ^?������  ������Tr������  :<������&  log  E  I  m  m  J. S, FLETCHER  WARD, LOCK ������c CO.. LiMiTSD  Lssxtaa. SvlsQwunse. aaa T������**s**������s  "I  don't- ftonv it," answered  fieoro-e   Tt *  ! quicldy."  ��������� "Of" course   I   don't?     It's   WSHWUHWimg  true.    I dined with Mrs. Tressingham  in that way, I should think, some six  or  eight  times.      My    wife     always  knew  of  it."  He  turned and looked    at    Lcttyt  and  I.etty nodded confidently.  "Yes." she suid with ready simplic-  ; ity.    "I  always knew  of it."  \ \     Old  Ellington  cleared his  throat.  "I aiso knew of it," he said. "That  is  to  say,  I  heard,  more  than  once.  5V*^ ***. ****?*''     m��������� a js.\^ -a ������^ ami,  .VC-tHM   i.lM.G*1ia.lAM*2A.jf  Farm Implements for Demonstration j  Purposes at University of |  Saskatchewan  jlto iixumaBs rninK :  This   Observer    Gives    Horses    and  Cattle Credit for Considerable  Intelligence  =#  (Continued.)  Lord Hartsdale and Colonel Tres-  eiugham stopped short when they  saw that^ George Ellington was not  alone, lhey looked at him, they  glanced generally at thc other people; they turned to each other. And  mutual    understanding  as  if  by    a  Kartsdale  spoke,  addressing  George., , ,   ,       -  "We thought you were alone,"   he   somebody who s very, much  in  said, in a tone  which  indicated  that  j I that my sou  ; I am sure he: told mc of thc occurrence  more than once. I did not approve  of it���������but things are done so very  differently nowadays. Let mc say.  gentlemen, that I have every faith in  my son's word and honor, also that  I very much wonder that you���������both  of you���������should attach any importance to anonymous letters."  "Oh, here, I say, hang it all!" said  Hartsdale  protestingly.    "You   haven't  seen  thc letters,  sir!    They're  so  ' t-so    intimate.      They're    written���������  typewritten,    I    ought    to      say���������by  the  i am surprised that any one should  i still  hold to the  old theory that ani-  The  University    of    Saskatchewan ��������� mals do not think.     That   tl  **������, r> ������"*������������������*  IllAA  ���������.il*-v*  has probably one of the largest, if' smashed completely by the one fact  not the largest, collection of farm ! that memory, which is conceded to  implements on the North American J all animals by every one who knows  continent for demonstration pur- them at all, is denned as "the con-  poses. This collection has been got; scions reproduction of a previous  together in  four  years,  and  consists j thought."    If    they    do    not    think,  he  was   cieeoiv   ottenuCu   uy  ?.l-  laid upon him.    "Wc���������we  didn't  expect  to find anyone here."  "I certainly did not expect to find  my wife here," said Colonel Tressingham in a precise, formal voice.  He looked at Hilda, and made her a  polite bow; then, glancing in Letty's  direction, he executed a still more  formal one. That done, he stood  stiffly at attention, while Hartsdale  pulled at his moustaches and seemed  as if he wanted to swear. And in the  silence, Hilda suddenly laughed, and  then  spoke���������sneeringly.  "Your wife certainly didn't expect  to see you here," she said. "But  that's no reason why you should be  surprised to see her here. Isn't she  in excellent company?" She laughed  again, and with moc'-'ng ceremony  pretended to go through a form of  introduction, naming the two Ellingtons���������father and son���������and Lctty.  "You seem to have transformed us  ail into petrifications, Colonel Tressingham,"  she  observed.  George started. He looked at thc  two men with something of an appeal, almost as if he were apologizing for ihe open defiance in the tone  of the woman who was nothing to  hirn  but  was  wife   to  one   and  sister  X\J        llll       \_������������.1IVX \-4 L        1.1.3 .   jCW * ^.. ~,.  wv On  i ivviu  ..     j-Ou    bit     itU .i ii .  said, indicating chairs.    "I���������I'm a bit  fogged.    You called "  Colonel Tressingham glanced at  his brothcr-in-'aw. They both took  chairs, side by side, awkwardly. Thc  Colonel looked fixedly at somethin"  far away; Hartsdale frowned agaiiii  angrily.  of practically every implement that is  nti    coin    in    Wat. fp*..    Cnr.r.Ai I?-^r>������.._  sive of tractors and small engines,  the value of the exhibit exceeds $35,-  000.  *1 he machines a.rc rc^lacec- fi-niii  time to time with newer and iTsore uo^  to-datc models, so that the farmer  can compare all the latest makes of  farm machinery without being harassed by any agent to buy his particular machine. Two of the professors of the university and other experts  iu  charge  of the  exhibits    are  know, and who talks about thc break-   glad to hclp Anyone to  compare   the  ing  up  of    families     and      goodness: different  machines,  pointing  out    the  knows what, and who reproaches principal differences and advantages  Ircssingham here for not taking care ciamlcd by the makers for the various  Hang it!���������why, one let- j t.v*oes,  whence comes "thc previous  thought?" Ei^hc* our scientific, men  who deny thought in the lower orders must agree that thought is common with these animals, or they must  remodel thc definition of memory.  Juvenile Stock  Feeding" Cestapetitlons  Great Interest Being Shown   by   the  Girls and Bovs  Boys* _ aud girls' stock fee-Jiiig  competitions have become a regular feature at exhibitions throughout Western Canada. These competitions arc generally arranged bv  breeders' associations, sometimes  with thc assistance of the department  of agriculture of tiie province and  other public bodies. Usually they  are confined to boys and girls between  the ages of ten and fifteen years, who  are required to feed, care for and  look after a calf, a pig or a lamb.  as the case may be, for a certain per-  Hovv about    thc    marc that broke il0" "--"---;-~"=  <���������---  ^-~  --*-���������������������������������-  ~c    ������������������������������������  iaar.  through a barbed wire fence ana  travelled a mile and a half to the  home of my brother-in-law when she  was sick, \vnking hint in thc middle  of the night by pawing at his  door.  her  was  own  *i**t*i i ������  of his wife,    nang it!���������wny, one let- j tvneSi     M?������v   f?r'".-*-c   pre  now  inter  charges  you,  Mr.  George   Elling- | ing- larger machinery in  order'to  increase their production    and    before  buying  they  go   to  the  university   to  look over the different makes, as well  ton, with having my sister here, m  this house, in this room, in the middle of thc night, when your wife  was away from home. Come, I say,  don't you know���������vague isn't thc  word!  they're direct."  George Ellington's mouth opened  in sheer amazement. There was only  one person in the world who positively knew from observation that he  had found Hilda in his study and  that person was his own sister. And  for the moment he scarcely knew  whether to swear or to laugh.  "Ah!" he said, "I begin to see daylight! I think those letters have been  written by a person who believed that  she had a mission to do some good.  Instead, she seems to have done a  considerable amount of harm. Well"  ���������he glanced across thc room at Hilda, and his look grew remarkably  cold and unfriendly���������"May I ask you,  Mrs. Tressingham, if you have anything to say?"  Hilda looked bold defiance at thc  whole room.  "Not a word," she answered contemptuously.  (To Be Continued.}.  because her owner had taken  there a year before when she  sick as now? How about our  red cow with the !op horn,  learned, to carry her bell so the clapper would not touch the bell, while  she made her way into thc corn field"  "ivtiuuo     fcv     t������iu     u|/viii������i5  Of all the competitions at the Calgary fair recently, probably the  greatest interest was shown in the  Saby beef competition. The object  of the competition was to give special encouragement to boys and girls  to become directly interested in the  feeding and care of live stock. Thc  competition was for heifers, purebred or grade born in 1916, and fed  between  November  1st and  the date  ing to reach a choice morsel  the fence, stepping back to look thc  situation over, thou getting down  on  as to find out the principles on which 111" knees to run her head under the  the machines work, and the points to  How about that "same cow, after try- j of the show by boys or girls between  1 through   nine and seventeen     years    of    age.  be observed in adjusting and operat  ing thenr.  The men who take the short  courses in gas engines a'so get work  in farm machinery, tins being an essential part in farming with gas engines.  One of thc chief benefits afforded  by the demonstration of these machines is thc help it gives to American and other new settlers who know  little about the implements being used in Western Canada. By gcttting  valuable information on thc different  implements they can often prevent  mistakes, and save a great deal of  imic nnd iuonc-^r.  A Little Change  Boarder���������Here's a nickel I found  in the  hash.  Landlady���������Yes, I put it there.  You've been complaining, I understand, about lack of change in your  meals.���������'Boston  Transcript.  fence, which was on short posts that  kept it two feet off the ground, rolling herself through below thc rails  to tiie garden? How about thc mischievous horse of Henry Ferguson,  in Minnesota, that would tease his  mate to try and bite his knee, then  either bump thc nose of the biter  with his knee or catch his rein in  his teeth and yank on it till thc mate  throw his head up? Saw that done  myself at least a dozen times in an  hour.���������E. E. Harriman, in Literary  Digest.  Lord Halsbury, during one of his  terms of office, had occasion to visit  a certain lunatic asylum in his official  capacity.  "I'm the Lord Chancellor.'' he an-  i nounced to thc attendant at the  door.  Tho man looked at him curiously  for a  moment.  "This way, sir," he said, very firm-  iv. "wc 'uvc throe more of 'cm in  'ere."���������Tit-Bits.  Fourteen prizes of from $25 to $100  were awarded. Thc interest in this  competition among the young people  of Alberta is shown by thc fact that  there were fifty-three entries, including fifteen girls.  The success of this competition has  assured it3 continuance for several  years. Next year there will also be  a sheep shearing competition at the  summer fair, and sheep and pig feeding competitions at the winter fair,  in addition to a baby beef competition, all open to boys and girls. The  period during which the animals will  be in sole care of thc youngsters will  be extended to at least three months.  There can be no doubt that such  competitions have much influence in  adding to the attractiveness of life  on thc farms, especially to the children, and for i.ms reason, n lor iiotii-  ing else, they arc more than justified.  She���������Of course you will want the  ring back.  He���������No, you may as well keep it  ���������no other girl of my acquaintance  could wear it except on her thumb.  ���������judge.  h  -~;,i  .V  ���������1  "i *-*ok here " he r-r!''. "^oionc  Tressingham has had letters���������some  of those d those anonymous affairs, you know. Of course. one  oughtn't to take- any no'.ice of 'em���������  but well, they are pretty serious. And  so he came straight lo me witii thr-m  the momcut iu- landed from India.  And���������\vel\ the fact is, T'vc had one  or two also. Ami v.c thought it was  best to come straight to you, don't  you   know."  George   Ellington  stared  speaker   as   i:   lie  Hindustani.  "To mc?" he  what have I got  with anonymous  truth is." he wcr  hurst of some'di  speedily change-.'  truth is, 1 don't  talking   about."  H-irisdc.'.- ������������������.'hiker he itirv.o! t  ;-.g;-.in.  "')',.'"   ' ,     - .'..'  ha*.  I.H'-C  .1 .  1  ��������� >; e i;' 11111'  tO       i.h">    v. i  Utters :  '.   on,   v. il!:   ;  into  know  '.   might  an :re:',  at      tne  speaking  "\Yhv���������  h    it?���������-  I���������tlu-  ;   sudden  "the i  ,-ou  !  I  : i ma:  -.'.-    t'dli:  > :<L.  're  ii -  .'I'l,        .Mi'  i: ;i v i ���������   i o 111111 ���������  r.-ad   iii' i -. i '  Mr     |.ll!      i  "���������o.'!.������������������!     -'-,     II  II i'l'     oil 1       I'.I  OV.-I*     to     ���������   '  ,\ ,i ed    ������������������> il ii  ���������'II'    my  lir    ���������> a i < 1   i'  II.        III! \'.   I I  ni.'.iiion ������������������  riiai-.o- ,   !���������  f<-t*  via:,  i'i  hi I    of   dii  ing   ���������1I   -i  ilai,   not  11���������a 11 v    iii  Odour  w..   anotii  !     I   i.  nrr.  I o  III.' I  ���������Iron.  n'  i I  nl   r  Hi-1  1 '��������� i ��������� " n  n  *  ���������I p  , n  ��������� i > i',  h  11 ii  si i  a i * 111 r ii  . ��������� i     hi  !i    o|  I  -.i.i | M .'' 11  un i  niii  Mi  ll  iii  Your customers will appreciate your care and! cleanliness a%  t/our parcel their purchases oj meats, butter, bread and  vegetables in Appletora's &ani-Wrappen.  I arthutar trade goes to Ihe store that n care ml ot ths details of cleanll  nest, ana appearance.  Asl\ ijour jobber lor Appleiotd's Sam-Wrappers, or write us direct for  samples tint prues.  Appleford Counter Check Book Co., Limited  HAMILTON,   CANADA  IMTICI"! AND WMUillOUSBS AT TORONTO. MONTRBAL. WtNWIPTta -mrf VANCOUVnW.  (ii'(������WUIlii|lllj.i..-j*..M",.._  31 '.>'  *. ~wWWtt-/<Wi *������������������* *���������**��������������� **������������������  li  tl]  Si  M  .44*>mmimi<*4ixWhmnm������, *\*..t'*;.:  ������M������il**������*^^  ������������.|������^ff^M^ww^iM������-������^������Mi������miiiMiii������������wiwM^wi1^w������liiwiM,.aji^-:-������i������^    MMtflttto  ww������i*.HWiw������Mi',mmwwiMWwiiiWMtf������n< immmm*wmt*lxvimm������mtmm  feffitmii^wMirmiii!^^  mmixXmxumt.... ~.��������� . ,    ~   .....  -    - , .-  ���������wteiiiAiwMiy^  Maw ,rrt**3B9*aS������ ��������� ������������������������  s  ta*PM*fct*  B������  0  ill.HI  BEUIil  B 3:2 S    ~  V*>*  ���������BB.   B   AW Ml  i in  nu    itnuii  That Burned and Pained  Four Years. Hair Came  Out,   Loss  Saving the French Children Consecration and  Sacrifice  Will   Retrieve  Health and Ha*-,'r*iiissK fcr  American  Red Cross  I  ���������     ���������  Them  The war. has made terrible inroads  on the next generation in  France.   A  hirth rate already alarmingly iowhas        _               ���������.  fal!en  to  a  point   where   France in  a   that civilization  has known.  There isls  Face to  Face  With the   Most   Stupendous   Crisis in  Human  History  We are face to face with the most  stupendous crisis in human history.  This  is   thc   most     momentous  nour-s  r������&        V? I AAV.  ������!     t*S! ������-.������-. ill.  <W ������ .Srf. 6 W-W ~ Si  s,My scalp was red and very itchy,  and a fine -a^hdeveloped which burned  and pained incessantly. This seemed to  destroy the hair roots, causing my hair  to cume out, which disfigured the top of  ray head.    It aiso caused loss of sleeo.  ������������*Tr*..��������� .-^..I.U l-iotos* U.^.ion.       Thorn  5 sent for a free sample of Cuticura Soap  and Ointment which encouraged me so  I bought more, and 1 had one cake of  no  middle  ground.      It  is  death     or'*^   victory.    Death to our country; death j '   ol the woai?.a and babies of the land;        jfgs  April 4, 1917.  Why not make Cuticura your everyday toilet soap and prevent skin troubles?  Absolutely nothing better.  For Free Sample Each by Mail ad-  ���������dress post-card: "Cuticura. Dent. A-  Boston, U. S. A."    Soldgeverywherc.  single year���������the second of the war���������  suffered a net loss of almost 2 per  cent of her nopuiatior*. The Red  Cross lias sent three groups of specialists and nurses to France to engage in educational and hygienic  work throughout the country to help  check the increase in infant mortality.  J he children who were born just  hefom the war in the devastated districts have lived through such fright-j most every latent and every develop-}  ful experiences as to rob them of | ed, mental, moral, spiritual, financial  anything approaching normal growth  and development. It is marvelous  that they survive at all. To take  these children from thc peril of  bombs and gas and unnumbered horrors, to keep them in bodily safety  under devoted and intelligent care  until  they  can be  scut back  to their  ARE YOU SATISFIED E  With your work, with your business? ������3  __ e*=  is there promotion at ead ot you ? g  Men oi energy, with salesmanship ability ������                will find it to their advantage to write to��������� =j  M^m THE EXCELSI02 LIFE INSURANCE CO., Toronto I  lei  death to its men; death to our civilization and to the civilization of the  world, Jill on the one side; or a  complete victory of this country and  the allies over Germany on the other  side.  The   struggle   will   be   a   long   and  desDerate  one.  It  will  triy  to  the  ut-  jgfifi!������==2  OUR ADViCE  i to us at ones and Reap  benefits of High Trices  now prevailing*  Prfee List and Shipping Tags FRgE  'Kii^snd/Uexa.r.der WINNIPEG.  and  physical   force  of   this  country  He who is a slacker in thought; in \  word or deed is an  enemy  to  every  woman and every child in this country, an  enemy to our nation  and  to  civilization.  Let it be preached from the pulpit,  \ let it be taught in the classroom, let-  homes or relatives, is the purpose of   it be proclaimed wherever men meet;  the   Red   Cross  children's  work.   For; let every individual  soul    outside  of  >yrAlsQBu*TSID"BSfSnBTSimCA^Tro^  this purpose several centres have  been established behind the lines. At  one such cent������-c six hundred children were gathered together from villages which had been bombarded.  They are now housed in a comfortable J&ed Cross barracks, provided by  the French government, under the  care of an American specialist and  American   Red  Cross nurses.  From   another  centre of  children's  work a travelling dispensary mounted oil a small motor truck is making   si  the cirtuit  of thc    surrounding    vi!- If;  the insane asylum think and speak  in terms of consecration and concentration of all that is in him and  all that to which the world has ever  been   called.  'We can win, we can gloriously  win, if the nation will consecrate its  all to the winning. But it means a  fearful sacrifice of the flower of thc  nation's life thrown upon the altar in  defense of al! that men and women  hold dear on earth. It means consecration to the nation's salvation or  ternal    damnation      by      Germany.  will do more than satisfy  children's craving for "something sweet** ��������� it will  supply them with a  wholesome foocL  tiers  every*  "3.JS- "fig,,.  ���������where   Have  "Crown Syrup" in 2? 5,10 and 20 pound  tins and "Perfect Seal" Quart Jars*  Writs for free Cook Book*  THE CANADA STARCH CO. L!METED,  MONTREAL. 29  lages.    The shower bath  which   this   Which do you    choose?���������From  motor  truck carries gives many     of   Manufacturers'   Record  these  youngsters  the  first  bath  they  have had for many months.   Thc Red  Cross is caring too, for children who  have been  exposed    to    tuberculosis  and for the children, often sick    and  thc  Distribution of Wealth    | An Anglo-American Alliance  Britain  rmsersb1*, who come back to France  ;= ���������    with   the  repatriated  prisoners   fr  SAVE    TH������   CALYcJS   behind the German lines after months  of undernourishment  and neglect.  These children, after all, need only  a little good feeding and a little skillful  care   to  become   well  and  hearty  __   again.   It is  the-privilege of the  Red  rti���������,urcd us! %%?, tof Yf itide them uover .l\c  one half of our | Period of helplessness, when outside  aid is imperatively necessary.���������Eliot  Wadsworth in the  Outlook. "  Mightiest swing  ever aimed as  Abortion, Sterility, and Presua*  turc Calving, one  or    one    hundred  1    ^&r~"������������. ^^?*4       ^Hall   Product,    if     nos  ~" satisfied-      return  he    balance    and  ���������t   your   money.  "Kalf  Savir"  -.ells    25     pounds  $4.00.      Send   for  printed   rustier*  mt^u^ViS   PRODUCTS  Plant  and   Head   Office.   Edmonton,   Alberta.  P.   O.   Box.   321  THANKFUL MOTHERS  Gloomy and  Desperate Days Ahead  of thc Enemy  ���������AX -    TV..���������  1UU1C     XJO.XI-  gerous Than the  A.rmed ������Oe  There arc gloomy and desperate  days ahead for the western nations.  The greatest enemy that we have  now to fear is not thc Germans without but thc Bolshcviki within. Tlie  greatest peril in which wc now stand  is that what has been done in Russia, what was partially done in Italy,  shall be done in France, England and  America; that those who would light  and could fight shad he turned from  their duty and their loyally by vain  and empty words, by voices full of  madness. Wc shall conquer the Germans if we havo only thc Germans  to fight. We shall be conquered by  the Germans ourselves if our own  Bolshcviki succeed as the Russians  have succeeded, and if they succeed  we shall find the German terms of  peace not less onerous than those  made to the affrighted dreamers of  iv.us.sia, who now stand aghast anil  helplcsu in the face of an armed e.i-  rmy demanding millions of tluir citizens, thousands of square miles of  ���������heir teiiiluiy and lhc: inline economic independence of their nation.  ���������New   York  Tribune.  WOMEN!   !T IS MAGICS  LIFT OUT ANY CORN  P?I>  a  few    drops   then   lift  corns or calluses off with  fingers���������no pain  * i  i >  Mrs. Willie Theriault, Pacquet-  ville, N.B., says:���������"I am' extremely  thankful that I tried Baby's Own  Tablets for my baby. Through their  use baby thrived wonderfully and I  feel as if I cannot recommend them  too highly." Baby's Own Tablets  break up colds and simple fevers;  cure constipation, colic and indigestion and make teething- easy. In fact  they cure all the minor ills of little  ones. They arc sold by medicine  dealers or by mail at 25 cents a box  from Thc Dr. Williams' Medicine  Co., Brockville, Ont.  kiniuuuiiUUl^   US   ���������������������   \jx  More   Big    Millionaires    in  Than in United States  "Millionaires are more numerous in  America than they are in Great Britain, but thc multi-millionaires of  Great Britain arc more numerous  than the multi-millionaires of America,     in other words,  thc millions  of  X X.ll\~X x\.a    ai o  umi\;   Cvviix*>    ui^li .ijattu  il  CiUStry Through  r. -"ssiiir ii*������S  JLIl...!-^  |:i'P  ���������I'i'-U  Ii'!1!  just think! You can lilt  off any corn or callus  withcrt pain or soreness.  A Cincinnati man discovered this ether compound and named it free-  zone. Any druggist will  sell a tiny bolide of free-  zone, like here shown, foi  very IhlIo cost. \ ou apply a few drops directly  upon a tender corn or  callus. Int.:. ntly thc soreness disappears, then  shortly you will find the  corn or callus so loose  iiat you can lift, it right  oll\  Freezone is wonderful  It dries instantly. It  doesn't eat aw.iv itie corn  or callus, but shrivels it  up without even irritating  Ii;!!1 Luc surrounding skin.  corns bo-      ii  Pills That Have Benefited Thousands.��������� Known far and near a:; a .sure  remedy in ihe treatment of indirection and all dcranricments of t! e  Ctouiuch, iivc.r ami kioucy-i, Panno-  lee's Vegetable I'ills have  relief to  thousrmdr.  when  other st  Hard,  soli or  iv. v.;..::  the. lo'Ci: _..  painuil   calluses,   lift   right  ou .      i acre  is  no   pain  before  or  af-  icrwarilti  fret-zone.,  bottle  lor  . ou  drug house.  j Revival o������ an Old Indi  the Exigencies o������ "war  It is _ possible that the shipyards  of British Columbia may soon be  constructirvfr vessels for the Australian government. Australia wants  vessels, and wants them badly, and  negotiations are now being carried  on by the shipbuilders of British  Columbia with the government of the  commonwealth with a view to acru-  ing  orders.  At present there are six shipbuilding yards operating in British  Columbia, and thc program so far  provides for the construction of forty-one wooden vessels. Twelve of  these are auxiliary wooden schooners, and compose the fleet of the  Canadian West Coast Navigation  Company, two are for the Canadian  government, and twenty-seven are  contracted for by the imperial munitions  board.  The cost of the material that must  be applied to tlie completion of thc  ships now under construction in the  province wi'l, it is estimated, approximate $1,700,000.  In order to finance the shipbuilding undertakings, actual and content-  ivianu-  amongst the very wealthy as a class,  than the British millions amongst the  wealthy of Great Britain. _  Only ten people in the United  States have as much as $125,000,000  each. In Britain 79 people have each  as much money. Nine citizens of thc  United States have $100,000,000 each.  Great Britain- has 68. Only 14 people in the United States own amounts  from $75,000,000 to $100,000,000, but  Great Britain has- 45 of these. There  are 73 who own from $50,000,000 to  S75:000;000 in Britain while in the  United States there arc only 34, and  Great Britain has 61 people with  from $37,500,000 to $50,000,000 while  America has of this class only 42.  But America has 97 citizens owning from $25=000,000 to $37,500,000, as  compared with Britain's 83 and of  millionaires in general America has  22,695 while Great Britain has only  5,154. There are also in the United  States a great many people with incomes of from S30',000 to $*10,000_ a  year who  may be in  the millionaire  George  Louis  Beer in  the   January  Yale Review  _ The necessity for close co-operation between all the English-speaking peoples and also the moral and  rational justification of such a combination, arc recognized by all who  have devoted serious thought to the  problems of the future and are willing to face the world as it really is.  In Germany, and also in Japan, such  an association is widely considered to  be inevitable. But the' question still  remains what, if any, outward form,  shall this essential co-operation take.  As the Germans deny the reality of  the world community and base their  policy upon the assumption of an  inherent antagonism between juxtaposed states, they cannot conceive of  this future relation as other than an  offensive and    defensive    alliance  of  the older  f-T.-l-Vf*     *-.-1**1      11C     I ,-?.-r^.-i,;.-,���������n  selfish purposes. To them tne project is merely the expression of self-  regarding, but entirely justifiable,  nationalism of a world-wide group  of closely related states. But an association of this character, an alliance of-governments, would mark no  real advance to a better international  future. Unless it were an ai'iance of  peoples based upon their common  ideals as weii as upon the common  needs, it would be an ephemeral arrangement.    Fortunately  the  spiritual  class as regards capital ��������� owned if it j foundations exist. As Viscount Grey  is invested at only 3 per cent., or I has expressed it: "The more closely  whose fortunes may be subject to tlie two peoples come into contact;  fluctuations reducing their average | the better they get to know each oth  income, and placing them on the income basis, at least, out of thc millionaire class.  It has been discovered that in thc  United States less than ! per cent, of  the total revenues derived from taxing individual incomes comes from  the millionaire class.���������Financial Post.  -,i.  facturers'   Association   is   endeavoring  to  secure   from  the  Dominion      gov-  Ll   your   druggist,   hasn't j eminent   what it  terms  u  "shipbuikl  tell   him   to   order   a   small, ing  loan."  If history can be relied upon, it  is  just   131   years   since   the   first  vessel  from     his     wholesale  U. S.  Casualties  Total  1,394  Up to December  1,  according to fig-  im--;k obtained  from  official  records  in  i Washington,   1.394  members     of    the  [military   forces   of   I lu-   United   !-'tat'"���������*.;  brouphl   ���������''"'  <''"'<-*  ���������l'u*  '���������)IJt-'''   wounded,  or  had  .   ...    .!   I been reported as captured or missing  '.   spc< I - i -i-l  files have failed. Jiimimerablr testimonials can be produced to establish  the   truth   of   this     ;v^;i-i-'i.)n.       Once  was  constructed  coast.  upon     thc    Pacific  tried lln.-y v. ill he found superior tr  nil other pills in the. treatment ot  the ailments for which they are prescribed,  iiare Kecord jLI.U. Salmon  From figures received by Col. K.  H. Cunningham, of New Westminster, chief inspector of Dominion fiali-  eric.'-., it is shown flint the pack of  canned salmon in 1917 for I'ritinh  Columbia totalled 1.557.-135 cases, exceeding the previous record vear  1913,  by  203,53-1  ens  :;     TU*  hnll."    ,.(  jMirop.j.  flic data cover the period from thc  I day war was declared last April. Of  I this total mortality there were 937  'deaths from ualurar causes and 352  accidental deaths. I'.leveu wee killed iu action and 1R have boon lost  at sea, none of them from (he transports carrying troops to France bemuse of enemy aliacl-^, <"aii''.>.-, of  lhc deaths of 30 men have not been  ascertained. This casualty list is for  all American forces���������iu Furope, in  home camp:* and in is'und po.sr.cs-  sin'ts.���������Minneapolis   Tribune.  IMinard's Liniment Cures Colda, Etc.  ������M I .  n  TV.-    r*.  f __ ^  Thai ;in itu-rense in  hog production  ju-s.1  year  .ill  over  the   Western  pro-  ���������inrra  v..aiia<!;i.  ;inioiintm  TMVMNf-y l-.'rr.' 1..:L?'f*{l   Eyehc]?, Itwrutv-five   per   cent.,     may   bo'    rx-  *������������n';r.:S.'',5.������oie!-:v������. Ky������-.M���������f:.:m.d \'j   *">'*l"l   ���������"*   ���������������������������"   -*''r><������t  of   Mr. J.  1).   Me  t-   siffiWf\   ���������'?, *1 ���������"������������������'���������'( *><'** ���������"*��������� Winif <>.i.. -J iy !' >rt:.*.i.n-, western  representative of the  VoitV-������*lWy   /^ivliv'iv.1 l.vVlurhu-    T-Mtlll  \v>l if-'CiuV/^C vo,ir������������������^'*->s*'*''-1 '������������������ Hakv'u ICves.  ii In    j,  IWiii-hteK  ���������Fi<*rue(!y,A,*lllv-'"  I), .ii, ji-t'ii   i,i   ly  il.rn'i,.-r l-'.itl^   X4*........  ������.,,..  ta���������i.������f,  ,ti   J .in.-.. . ,,,-,     I-    .    4ii ii\   .-/<*,* /.ti# -������-r #������.  AiKMurJuiifliyo ICem������,'.������i)y ������t*������>.. ������i;i*;������'^t,������#..i  w.  1\1.  U.       1192  /������'/i i    Co.il n.llei .  '!'l:r pnn'iiin: o{  Sa;',!;;'tche v;.ui.  Mi'.  Mc(.'ic|;or   stales,     especia'lv     stands  I.ml    in    it-    ������-ii i hii'.i-. -.--\\   -mkI   , I. -1 /���������. ���������.,.;,. -.  I lioii   inn iii-dial ely   in   increase   its  I   ���������lipids'.       Tli.-ie    i^    lit'ely    In    he    :...    ">>-  ' >'.".': i  '    '     th-'    ���������      ������������������<     -\ e-l      -"ifl .      .... .      ...,;;!.  "uiM'i;   llian   the   total  of   1917!  Muscular Rheumatism _ Subdued.���������  When one is a .sufferer from muscular rheumaiisni lie crinnot do liciter  than to have the region rubbed with  Dr. Thomas' lilcctnc Oil, There is  no oil that r.o speedily shows iU; effect in subduing pain. Lei. the rubbing bo brisk and cnnliinie until ease  is secured. _There is more, virtue in  a bottle of il than can be ftillv csii-  niated.  Binder Twine nt  Kdjasor.aBjIc Trices j  EiiHtirc Ample Supply Binder Twine  in Canada j  An^ ample supply of hinder twine  for  Canadian   requirements  next  year  Minard's Liniment Cures  Distemper.  Purchase Surplus Flour  Allied Governments   Make   Arrangements  With  Canadian  Mills  Ti i"? !f������nrnr*d thnt thr- nnrrlndi-i"  representatives of the allied governments have arranged to take all thc  surplus flour and oatmeal manufactured by the mills of Canada, and  that already every mill in the Dominion is working to capacity anil  will continue to do so until the  work is over. Thc mills are grinding night and day, and thc surplus  above Canada's renuiieinents apportioned to these plants is being turned over to the purchasing agents for  tin; allied govcruiitcnLs uy ihe* managements   iu   the   east.  er, the more 1 believe it wi'l be apparent to each not only that they  speak tho same language, but that  they use it to mean thc same things,  that they both have the same idea of  freedom and liberty^ and desire the  same sort of world in which to live.''  A  popular  democratic   alliance  based  ���������h  likc-m'mdcd-ies--. points the  t, t-v /->**  t. l'\J .4  road to new types of political association which will permanently  unite under a common law different  nations ?nd state:-;. Such n<> organization based upon the will to co-op-  cratc would give some assurance of  the possibility .-)i an ultimate world  state. Otherwise the outlook would  indeed be black. Ii mankind is to  be forever split up into the v. aicr-  tight politic;'.! comp.-.vtmerit*-- of the  modern state system, it each *-tnte is  to c.i'-.g torcver to its sovik i^i. independence, there will be r.o ul;imat'������  prospect ot an effectively oi eaiiizet!  world comr.'iur.ity and war will continue to  demand  its  human   h\.h>c;;nsi.  "Has   he   any   head   for   business?"  "Not  a  bit.     Mo.  even   figures     the  solitaire   that  he   gave   to   his   fiancee  as an asset, instead of a liability!"���������  Life.  Warts ar.-* un^igh.tlv I.lends:  corns  ',--���������������* y *>  a r c  \:\:i  :>.-.,\  dlc-  The   Girl   of  Today  S!'*  Atnori-:  ,n  ]-'..thcr-  e   i ���������  Arnci ic.a   M.-i!,-. v  in   n   few   uio*.:ie:its.   Siiv  to get married.-~i.ife .  .e'll  stcjipfd   out  te^^^iES^^  al reasonable prices has been ensured   aa   the   lesuii.   of     n,;     agrccinent  . i.nn.'.i    .y. (...in       il..;       Ui.ucd   .jL.Ue.s  food administration and ihe Mexican  .sisal growers of Yucatan, Information to thin elfVet war. received at tin.  office of the food controller. The  growers were holding ont. for a high  price, but under the a'ripigemi-iii jvu.t  t oiiMiiiialcd ihe ealiie crop iias been  :',ccured at a ::light advance ovci l.i.sl  yt:ar':j |)iice.    Co-operation ol  Caiunla  and    iln-    llnil'-d    *>l-i������������.������.   ������������.     .,%.,.... n:..  n\r | food  rxporl:;  from Ihi-; continent   was  xxJSLx       '8w*S*'' %xJ?   O    ^fa****"    *  You  will   heartily  Oi  enjoy  the   taste   nnd   aroma  Cowan's Perfection Cocoa. ��������� and  furt  ICI  jt  whole.so me  one   nf   thr   fael.ns      v  po:;:;ibIe  ',%, ....'lau^.  ih^.  i e.K.oiiable,  leiiim  K'M  Ull  ir;  is inc inos  ... - * .\' *      s-\ \ ��������� i  O.l'sjoUllCyillLl}'    ���������udUdtUill!   UCVClif^C:  t-< tr*  ������l*l'l"y   O:  ���������A-*������t  HSSS^ISSCSB  VJ^Vtlm^mmmia^ftfMtWIm^Kl^H^t^H  ^ir-^-V'T'.'^PP"1''  ���������      ,,TI.T ,,������i. I... . .,A.i,.4- -!������  ii.i >ti.irrfiiiiffii"i rrr m**^**^"^ j ^^^Mi^a^.^'^r^ w**^^^^^*^*^ liH'v *ti*������?g*'fiyfy'  ���������u,<inhmmM������mi> mmnamm'i*  taaaiBBEffiBaBaMiiffg^^  \m**&kWiOi x**4*LJ������miifruii*xWM-m0i  ��������� muw Wim>������J tJWWI|IIMIL*-^|^*|M������'llt*W'W^*W������*������'������'*l'������*1*<������**Cl������rtW.II''l ���������ll-������^������ l|ll*irW*IMJII**������.������J������Wp*W'*������*tWW������>'.^������''W..''l.WM.*.  m������#mm4m&^^w4***  Mtm0m*m&*m^#mmWii*Mk0il.ViftJi THS eBBS^QH BEVIEW  =p  fjii iei  ��������� * ��������������������� ana ft ft ���������  1  ���������as������-t, 5������i  growers,  Issued every Friday at Creston, B.C.  Subscription: $2 a year in advance ;  ������2.50 to" United States points.  C. F. Hayes. Owner and Editor.  or employing them at  this work if the land settlement  board tackles the proposition  directly or otherwise.  Now   that    the  provincial   and  *P<*\^*J^k***i**������ 1      ������-*  1   ICUOl UtJL    Cb  UVUU1 1UICO    lic^VG  CRESTON, B.C., FRIDAY, FEB. 22 j co-operate very closely  in   all lines  (of   necessary   production  and   are  ^1-. -  i-'6oUr*iGd-  Clirnatic     conditions     on     the  prairies   for  the  next  few   weeks  will  be   watched   with   almost as  much  interest by   those who have  potatoes to sell,   as������  is the weather  in those parts  followed   from midsummer   until     threshing    starts.  The reason for this  special  regard  is   the   market   for   spuds.      The  dealers,   at  any   rate,   agree  that  whether buyers on the prairie will  continue   to   take   potatoes   from  B.C. is a  matter dependent  upon  weather conditions  there���������and the  ability of the railway companies to  supply cars.    Market  experts fear  that a spell of mild   weather   there  would  automatically shut off exports from   this   province   as   the  prairies are said to be well supplied  with   tubers,   but    they   are   not  available to consumers during cold  weather.      As     yet    there   is   no  tendency  amongst growers to sell  in spite of  reliable  information to  the effect that Alberta alone has a  surplus of almost a million bushels  and   Manitoba    at   least   500,000  bushels more   than it  requires for  aiso worsmg out  soldier land-settlement question  conjointly, if the B.C. department  of agriculture is in earnest about  reclaiming Kootenay Fiats now is  surely the psychological moment to  be up and doing.  |ITH THE HIGH PRICES poultry products and all classes of livestock  bring these times, both from the humane as well as the financial side of  the question it is important that these be kept in the very best of health and flesh-  producing shape. H  Like the humans, animals need a spring tonic to keep them coming along after  the winter season and diet.    For this purpose we know of nothing to quite equal���������  home consumption. ITgt all Canada the food control department  advises that the Dominion had a  wurplus rf  3,000,000  tons oi pota-  ������i*&ii������5g������g ss&ggss  R.   C   Abbott,   the  coast  fruit  markets     commissiorer,      having  temporarily  disposed of the potato  controversy as between  the  growers who asked $25. and the evapor-  toring plant owners who refused to  bid over over $15 per  ton,   is now  hard at it  to  stimulate  hog 'production in B.C.    A  very   brilliant  idea he has just evolved to secure a  'supply   of   porkers  for the pigless  farmers is to  open an   information  office  at  Victoria  where the man  with hogs to sell can list  his offerings, and the fellow who   wants to  buy can write to find   out- if  anyone in his  hometown   or  near by  country has porkers to sell, at what  price and  such  other general  information concerning same as may  be pertinent.    To those not wise to  the  length of time  it  takes most  officials   at    Victoria   to    answer  letters of some   urgency   this   plan  tJ-UC*   ^S������5J������    5W6***-*  Urs**-|*.ii  Pratt's Animal Regulator at  Pratt's Poultry Regulator, 60c. * pkg  Whole Flax Seed 8c. lb.    Ground FI  Oyster Shell. Raw Linsee  All these are the best quality products available, and the priqgs are right.  tax Dec  PERFECTION OIL HEATERS which  we offer at a  bargain  rather than carry thesn over*  A  ercnan  Creston  figures  toes last year. Thest. *������fe  should interest the local grower  tempted to hold for better than $30  a ton, as well as to those who are  trying to decide how to tackle  potato growing for 1918.  may look good.  to  Creston  vtti  V  JS Se*?^ J������f*������?s  If funds up to a million dollars  are to be available to the B.C.  land settlement board this year for  aiding and encouraging agricultural development Creston will have  just cause for complaint against  the Brewster government if no  action is taken to speedily determine the feasiblity of reclaiming  Kootenay Flats.  Canada is face to face with a  shortage right now of farm and  garden seeds. Hitherto these Of the meat products all good  were largely obtained in Germany. I citizens are urged to go light on in  For the   future   we are to have no! these war times, bacon should have  ley pig sellers, however, our advice  is to invest six bits or a dollar in  Review advertising. You'll be in  the advertising expense two or  three times over in the feed saved  by adopting our plan in preference  to waiting for mail order buyers  through the Abbott scheme. If  Mr. Abbott would busy himself on  something practical, such as securing cheaper foodstuffs for hogs, he  would be far better employed than  he seems to be just now Any  action that will result in materially reducing the present high prices  ranchers have to pay for mill feeds  will speedily ensure the desired increase in hog production.  days.    None but C.P.R. conductors 1  can enjoy such luxuries these times.  v  ww a  The Herald tells us that "Even  Rev. Mr. Shearer, president of the  Lord's Day Alliance, could reside  in Cranbrook these times without  blushing." It wass't like that in  the olden days. The war seems to  be working miracles, not wonders,  in Cranbrook's case.  truck or trade with the Hun, so  the Dominion authorities are now  busy trying to develop the seed industry in Canada, and the department of agriculture at Ottawa is  reported to have icvulir.0 i!;u conclusion that. British Columbia ia  the province b.*st adapted to produce thene needs.  In Canada, v. ������������������ are told, there is  t yearly demand for 1,250,000  pounds of turnip Heed, and 1,500,-  000 pounds of mangel and beet  need, riot to mention any other  seed requirement^-;. Thin will give  .Vime. idea of *)>.(' Mci'd huhine-m--  formerly dole* with C*-rinanv and  other Kuropean i-'iuiiM-ii-n.  What better all round location  i'orriuoh an industry can he fontfd,  in B.C. at all eventn, than the  Mw..l..n.ay ���������!���������������������������"'' lo tin- '.'0.000  aoroR that will be available surely  there -should he ample nr>-a. Certainly climatic condition* arc ,v,  ideal a*'i ohtiini elsewhere, in.,  fertility ut' Mu-mu! has heen di-inon  ���������-it rated. Th" land r������*<(iiire������ no  -tl.uinp<i���������*-,.    ...    > ��������� ��������� a...i,, . ' ...  in     any     -" ��������� ��������� < Owe    ��������� i,.-    Hood in*/  menace    in    provided    ugaiiHt   the:  vast   fertile plain    im rendy    to    pro  dure     and m������>n*   .iLunda./iMv    'icm  primarj'        consideration.      Many  reasons  combine   to   make  it the  most   important  item in   the war  trade between   Canada   and Great  Britain.     With the acute shortage  of  Kbiptiina   to   handle   even    war  business bacon   saves the day insofar that there is  only   7   per cent,  bone to it as compared with 20 per  cent, in   dressed   beef  and mutton  and 25 per cent.in veal.    In actual  food eoutn.st���������that is as containing  heat and energy   -bacon    is almost  LOO per cent,   more   valuable   than  mutton   or   beef,    and   four    times  more   life-sustaining    than    either  lean   beef   or   veal.    The   fat constituent of  bacon   is   of  particular  advantage   to   men    working   and  fighting in   the* open air, especially  in    a    cold,    wet   climate,   to   say  nothing at   all   of   the   shortage of  fats   in    Kuropc    at   present.     Bo-  sideM,    bacon,    once   cured,   runs no  immediate danger   of spoiling,  and  'an  i.e    handled    ,\ ilh 1.   ;i> - ,������l'.'   and  expense than meat shipped as fresh  or fio/.-ii.      \Vre  me   told,   too, ihat  '   ' ' "       >���������>���������'/...��������������������������� in.     (,|"   ||(,,/i|     in  A Review correspondent suggests that if effort is made to build  the trans-continental highway  from Cranbrook via St. Mary's  prairie to Kootenay Lake, the  humane society will have to interfere. The wild animals that infest part of that country might  necessitate more timid tourists  mounting machine guns on their  cars. Will the Cranbrook board  of trade pay tlie shot for a big  game license, for each of these?  is urged by the Government���������it has done ITS part, we are doing OURS--,  will you do YOURS ?  OUR part is to grow the very best trees possible, to see they are true-  to name, to care for them in every while they are in our nursery, and to  deliver to you, upright, clean healthy, well-calipered trees with magnificent root system, well packed, all charges paid, at your nearest station  or dock.    We sincerely think that this is OUR part.  YOUR part is to get vour order ready without delay so that you can  plant next Spring and to ORDER EARLY. Early orders ar������ better for  us AND BETTER FOR YOU. It is humanly impossible to give the  same attention and care to late orders as those placed six or twelve  months in advance.  Will you write us today for any information, and giying us an idea of  your requirements? Our services and advice are cheerfully yours.  Our large, general and Fruit Catalogue, our Rose Catalogue, our Price  Last are yours for the asking���������they contain valuable planting and general  information. Do not delay���������write to-day, or see our local representative  Andrew Miller.  Britlsli Oefysfiia nurseries Gompenv, Limited  1493 Seventh Ave. W., Vancouuer, S.G,      Nursery si SarSis  In paying our respects to local  citizens in last issue we omitted  taking off our hat to Hon. John  Keen, the local member, officially  elected and installed as Mr. {Speaker for the duration of the present  parliament. Mr. Keen brings to  the position all the necessary  dignity, and a knowledge of parlia  mentary procedure tempered with  common sense so necessary in such  a presiding officer. Added to this  his person;* 1 popularity with members on both sides of tho house and  the reliance that ia placed on hia  judgment will lend him added  authority.  Now that the Red   Cross is paying   strict    attention    to  making  weekly acknowledgements of donations   in   cash,     material,     given  articles, as well as those made from  'material furnished by   the   society,  it is up to those handing in parcels  to thc work secretary, particularly,  to deliver them personally   to that  official, or place a  note somewhere  in the package so that it  will be  readily     known     wlio    the    stuff  from, aud be   tho  more   promptly  acknowledged.    Unless  these precautions are taken helpers  turning  in work or money cannot complain  if oredit is not given them for their  always-appreciated   special   elfort.  more versatile in the accomplishments that he never actually  accomplished.  any other Meetiou ol   iiiim  .-nl  province.  iii'i^/,iii.n,  i  l.'IMUMl  I,  d-  win  tic ma<ii* to tulce cine ol (piite ,i  iiiiinlx-i     <������i     ie.io.,.<!     ;   ';:i:' "*y  ���������rn   /iV'    th<""    hiiid'i   and  , I*'*.,  < ������l  11  I  I  The Hinelter at Trail this month  promulgated a new tariff"of charged  for treating ores along with a  nehednle of payments for tho  metallurgical content, thereof that  lhi-oateii������! the oxiHtonoe of tho  miwiller milieu particularly. In  their light for a square deal the  owneiM are receiving welcouii afl-  i-i a very high I niatanec from the KaHlo kootonaian,  pereentaj/e of meat in proporl ion Kditor I'uWur wielding Ihe editor-  to the weight oi i,lie .iiniii,il. Iloga jial bigntielc in real Teddy Roniivelt  dre.ie oni itlmoMl 7."������ per cent, fituhion. The Kootenai an'H ulogan  Ihii.ole -.i. i...'.! ,i<:   .'.;!!     i ������������������'���������-��������� i''.- about i nowiidavu   in.    There   isn't   a tvuut  l.������.nil.:i   only    50  Miat    *,vc   wont hunt    with a little  bacon     retiolin/r   lime    and    patience."       Once    the  c-iiti a pound,   ,md eg-/vH ' nmell.ei n    cane   jfi   omponen   <>i  III I'her     I    | i"i| i mi       v  il lie V      Ol i.i  zona i/eiien  i-re h-it  For both plain and fancy lying  about his accomplish men t������ as a  poultry man one W. Wilson ** of  Saskatchewan, now resident at  Nelson, deserves special, but dishonorable, mention. Recently he  told tho News that starting with  200 henn be made a net profit of  $2200 the first year. Tho second  year he sold 30,000 pullets at $1  each and   still   had   enough   ntoclc  An Ottawa despatch states that  at this-session of parliament legislation will be introduced to provide  that a dozen of eggs must weigh a  pound and a half. In case of prosecutions of this kind will the  penalty bo inflicted on the' hens,  poultry ownore, th**, wholesale or  retail vendors of hen fruit. Or in  case an affidavit from tho hen in  submitted showing the eggs were  full weight when laid who is to  suffer for the shrinkage between  producer and consumer. And  supposing the dozen is slightly  over or under weight and a pernickety customer demando tho  precise pound and a half, how  about it. Or���������but what?b tho use.  Legislation to compel hens to lay  generously when eggs are worth a  niokol apiece would be more to the  point in theae IT.C.Ij. days.  hil/h       ������ hi '   i':.,   > here  :i.'. ,i nil -:111��������� ��������� -1> a.im  ...-. ..-���������!.. With  cloie  lo  .",<������  M  I ...v  cane  i-������,.   .  (/������������������o  i-il!   <lnnh'lcuit   have  miller   no   uuoiiven     the "Itig 1 ���������'' hefting  up and taking  i' mIimitvuii/ baconlciiii   noiue notice.  NOTICE  LAND RECSISTRY AOT  In the matter of an  left for  a   $00,71^.70 oleau up the  third year,  which   did not  include      In tin* inatter (>f an a|mlieatum f<u-  . , a,n . .     .   ,      the isBue of a duplicate OertUlcato of  three down %2 roast ers.       And   lie Title to Block 7 of LotSM, Group 1,  ������uiowm1.o u.u ilo j.,..t ..:.  ..:!! \v. 'he Kootenay   l>intrirt. Province ������U liiit-  ,.               _ ,             _v-     ���������    . ihIi ioluni.ua, iuap Oi;t>.  name bne at. NeUion.     Wc leoi Hiiro Notice hi hereby given that it ih my  he will do even better, if his opera- mtontion to iwHiie n\. the expiration of  . .               .           ,. one month after tlie Hi-hI, publication  tlOlltt are not Kubjeot   to  lUBpoctlon hereof a duplicate of the (Jcrtillcate of  and he don't choke in  the telling Title to the n\vtyo mentionedI Week, in  ���������   .        ...       ,^..          .          .. ,   ������ the  name of   I tinman (iuaife,   which  Ot   it.      Mr.    WiIhoii    ih   entitled   to Cci���������'ill.-ate   it.  dated   the, IKlnl   day of  almowt the   highoHt   lionoia   in   tiie November, 10O7   and numbered r-'ft'/A.  ,          ....         ,. Dated at. the band ReKiMtry OITIcc at  ^-.rtr:   -r ���������*"��������� oo.dt.v  .liVkHinn ol any N..U���������,   |1.(... this VMh  day of Janu-  AnnaniiiH ehib---more to he mipcct-  'u-y, HUH.    t-u    iivoi    than    cur   own   i .Imrlci- j lUsinci, U������>k������o1.i*������-r  l!f*.*:*ernir,?������, though the    latter wan'Date of Hint  puhlientinn, Keh. 1, 101H.  ii  ������  ���������w  ���������<l  if  i  *������l  i.i  "-"<      ' '   ������������������ ������������������������������������������������ ��������� I HUT in-miii������ nil   A������iiftiMMiwafiiiB*^^  '^^WiiSTSaSy ii    Laborers in the  employ of the city      During 1917 the Patriotic Fund paid  -      ���������*   ���������x   4r���������  Aav\���������xr\r\a.n\R   a.t   Vernon   over  BEtk.  &UU 8 MfniU  "l I     Laborers in the  employ  oi tne yn-j       x^*.������.~n ���������  i! at BnsRlnnrl will draw ������4 a day instead   out   to  dependants  at   Vernon  ovei  i!   ������ ������,������-������ ���������_ ���������������t���������  ' $15,000 more than citizens subscribed  to the fund.  Trail Red Cross had a Sock Day last  i of $3.50 in future.  Nelson is expecting to   he made an  full-fledged     Dominion  Trail   requires     $30,000   for   school official   and  purposes this year���������$5,000 more than weather-reporting station this spring.  in K)17,: The church  choirs at Trail are now  Since commencing operations Trail alternating   in   giving  Sunday after-;  Red Gross   has shipped 21*   hales   of   noon conceits at  the  hospital in that;     "~~   supplies overseas. oity.                                                                    ! n'AV Lake, report seeing large herds of  ,���������    .,,       ,.,,!.. .                              ' caribou deer at the headwaters of the  Trail s 600 of scnool population came      At Vernon last  week a rancher was j _,.���������lil. ,., ���������   ~%���������n{rh  __     _ , _-. . . 1 I-Xct3iv.  villa lllOllL-n  across with   $15.22 for  the   Patriotic   fined for failing to   give  a rig he was  week,   when 339   pairs   of   the   store  variety were donated,   besides about  in cash.  Residents of Gray's Creek, on  Fund in January.  Mail  order  business is so brisk at  Revelstoke that the Dominion Express   Co.   has  appointed three  more  business houses in   that ei"    *"���������'  these money orders.  to   sell  tiie   customary   half   of   the  passing  road.  Fernie's water supply was shut off  for a couple of houi*s two days last  week owing to snowslides in the Fairy  Creek valley.  IS THE WORLD'S )Bfc������I  -    ^  It is manufactured  tobacco in its purest  form.  It  has  a  pleasing  flavor.  at Canyon City Lumbar Co. Sawmill at  Canyon City.  The English Church at Trail closed  its year with $1,272 cash on hand.  $1,000 of this, however, is a loan for  remodelling the edifice.  C.P.R. telegraph  office business has  slackened off so much at Vernon that  the services of one of the operators  I has been dispensed with.  Moving picture theatre business at  Rossland is poor, and the movie  owners want the annual license fee of  $100 substantially reduced.  i  The Kootenaian admits that generous quantities of liquor are coming  into Kaslo these times, against the  coming of Dominion wide prohibition  in April.  In three years Margaret Berger. a  seven-year old Bonners Ferry girl,  saved 850 U.S. nickels with which she  has just purchased $50 of War Savings  certificates.  For school purposes this year Rossland trustees are asking for $26,730.  They may inaugurate manual training, the instructor doubling up that  town and Trail.  Ice famines are not disturbing Penticton. The cold storage plant in that  town has an ice making department  that can turn out ten tons of the  frozen fluid daily.  It   took   the   police   magistrate   at  Nelson two days   to  dispose  of an as- j  sault case   in   which  two Donkhohors  were the principals.    It  cost the loser  a $1 fine and about $50 of court costs.  The Grand Forks Gazette learns  that there is a possibility of all the  doukhobors returning to Russia when  the war is over. There are about  10,000 ot them in B.C. and Saskatchewan.  Revelstoke residents have taken so  kindly to keeping pigs that  the eoun-  g  cil has had to .issue a warning that it  |  is contrary to city by-laws to allow  ���������  the  porkers  to run  at large in   the  city.  Among other shipments the Cranbrook I.O.D.E., a patriotic, organization, made to the.soldiers last yea-",  was 288 pounds of jam. The organization raised over $2100 in cash during  the year.  I he fordi Daves me anay cu&^ ^������^  T has been estimated thst five acres of land are requires  to maintain one horse for a year, and that the "same  JL. five acres would produce nearly enough food for two  ���������people. If 50,000 Canadian farmers each replaced one  horse with a Uord, 250,000 acres would be added to the  Nation's source of food supply and enough extra food  made available to feed 100,000 people.  Just think what a great service this means to the country at the present time and the benefit to the farmers from  the sale of the food produced on this acreage.  A Ford ear also saves the farmer a week or more^ of  valuable time each year, which can be used for further  ���������oroductive work. The Ford travels three times as fast as a  horse and rig���������costs less to run and keepr and is far easier  to take care of. With labor so scarce and high priced>time  aaeans money, so do not delay in getting your Ford.  Runabout - $475  Touring-- - $495  Coupe - - $770  Sedan - - - $970  THE UNIVERSAL CAR Qne-tamTmck $7S0  F. G. S. FORD. ONT,  Mackinaw Shirts, Lumbermen's. 3-  ilace rubbers, in all sizes, almost at  | your own price.���������Mawson Brothers.  WANTED  MQTARY PUBLIC  iNSUBANCE-    -    REAL ESTATE  DEALER IN COAU  Price for pruning my orchard at-  Canvon. Also good tenant for place  ���������".i 1018. Ten acre*?, all cleared: smalt  > fruits, apples. Good house, barn and  implements. Open for offers. Write  A. D. POCHLN, Mesa, Arizona.  U.S. A., or Review Office, Creston.  Certificate of Improvements  NOTICE  NOTICE   OF  CANCELLATION  OF RESERVE  Customs house  receipts  at Vemoii>   Carolina, Old   Mike    Old   Abe    Gray j  ..    ...   ,  oi unn fn��������� ihi. miinth of w,.nfc   Mineral Claims,   situate  in i  Transfer, Livery and Feed Stables  Sleighs and Cutters.      Team Sleighs  Single and double Harness and Supplies  Several   Sets   of Second-Hand   Harness  Coal  and  Wood For Sale.  fell oft" almost $1,300 for the month of  January as compared   with  the same  month   a   year  ago���������almost   entirely  due to the fact that   no liquor is now  being imported.  ��������� j     Seyenty   Nelson   girls,   \vith**tsonie  S\ assistance from their friends turned in  6005 articles  to  the  city   Red   Cross  Society for the year just ended.    This  is over 2700  more articles  than  were  made the year previous  Complaint is made at. Rossland that  Notice   is   hereby    given    that   the  reserve existing over Lot luOSO. Guam  1, Kootenay District, is canceiled for  ! the purpose of selling same to Mr. Joe  ! Tebo.  i G. R. NADEN.  ' Deputy Minister of Lands.  Victoria, B.C.. January 0, 14)18.  Rock   Mineral Claims,   situate in  the  Nelson    Mining   Division   of  \\ est Kootenay District.    Where  located:    North      Fork     Summit  Creek.  TAKE   NOTICE     that   t.   Charles  Moore,   Engineer   and    Surveyor,   of', Department of Lands,  Nelson, B.C., acting as sigent for liar-      "*"        '     "'**    T   vis Ginsberg of Nelson, B.C.. Free  Miner's Certificate No. 00G5C, intend,  sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a  Certificate of Improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant  of the aboye claims.  And further take notice that action-  />H*i &0^ JKVTKVTK^VAY  poolroom  owners are altogether   too   under section  85 must be commenced  two    per  cent,   before the issuance of such Certificate  laH     ���������i,   ,.���������  of Improvements  Ofi������H������������ ������54������ Sirdar Ave.  HffTpfwypnTpi  Creston   ||  Ml. -*  ������*"V"������,|  IX^^XH mx������x*Ji ���������****/��������� -���������      .     -~ ���������                 itV-ii.        **���������������"������    W���������**  BANK  RBHWWBHw  SIR HOMUND WALKER,  ���������"VV O. LL.fV. D.CI., *Piv*id.*m  Capital Paid Uk $15,000,000  ,,,  SIR JOHN AIRD. G-nend Manrn-cr  Sjj/ H. V. F. JONGS, Am.'*. Gen'l. Mt.ni-.i*..*r  Reserve Fund,  $13,500,000  FRUIT GROWERS'  "���������Tr*TT-T'T,r<r'  Jj. ������U W.5j...L V  I- ju  ill*-.  Fruit growers w?U   IM   their   b������iu;'.ncr^ rccjmre-  xi������> i������I   B������*������.t������i:������f.i    i ��������� i .   '���������   ������.-���������������>.>'   v������������i- ������������������*���������'* *  " the Bunk i:-: -."''- i .^ lv.iuler.   ������������  reckless   in    selling    two    pei  You������if*sr,ers   hardly    full    enough   to  take the drink off the counter arc being |  supplied with it right along.  Bonner's Ferry Coimnercial Club is  investigating the why und wherefore  of the citizens of that town preferring  Spokane-made bread and butter in  preference to the product of tin* home  town bakeries and creameay.  W. W;!;;oii, a newcomer to Nelson,  tells the News that on one season's  operations li������- sold IIO.OOO pullets that  averaged hhn $1 apiece. Ho is con-  tldent, too, thai, he twin do better than  this anywhere in the Kootenuys.  Trail ratepayers are facing the  necessity of putting up $15,000 to  provide four more moms un the  Central school. 'The overllovv from  there now amount*- to two rooms, and  these classes are taught in the city  hall at present.  Now that Trail has j.iHt completed  an expenditure of about $100,000 on a  new water system, the News advo-  i .it .:,;*���������'.*������������������< '���������>'������ thi> Ore-fhrhthur equipment on ii, modern footing, and then  going after a generous reduction in  lire iniuuu.ice rates.  The Dominion Permanent Loan  Company, an eaiiti-rn concern that Iiuh  a controlling interest, in the (hand  Korku townsite, ha������ gone in do l'n|ulu.i-  t'mii, and Grand Forks civic oOleialn  i are wondering how thin will eiieei, ine  -. ���������,\-!-.������e������.:t  o*    (.|v,..i   hm   (  Dated   this Uth   dav   of  A.D.; 101S.  CHARLES MOORK  January,  Agent.  Is there any  Meat in  the  House?  This is the tirst question that presents 't.-elf  to the htiusewife if an  unexpected visitor drops  ill for a meal. Rut why  worry ?  Sharnroeh fir and  Hams and Bacon  Finest   Quality  Ccchcd Ham  Lunch Meat  Bologna. &c.  are   always   lo    o������-    u.i.i  here.    In iiu'iit.i notbinir  .  quite equals. "Shauuoek"  products.  Synopsis of Coal Mining  Regulations  i     Coal mining rights of the Dominion,  ! in   Manitoba^   iSaska������tchewan   and  Al-  ; beria, ihe Yuktui Territory. tbeNorth-  | West Territories aud   in a portion of  ; the Province-������>f Rritish Columbia, may  i Im?  leased  for a  term   of twenty-one  [ \ears renewal for  a   further   term   of  12 years at an annual rentul   of  $1   an  acre.    Not more than 2.a<l0 acres  will  be leased to one applicant.  Application foi a lease must be made  by the applicant in per.-on to i in* A^t-ui.  or Sub-Agent of the district in which  the riglu> applied for are situated,  In surveyed territor> the land must  be described by sections, or lemil subdivisions <������j sections, and in uusurvcy-  o*l territory the tract applied for shall  be <iake*l out by ihe applicant himself  F.ach  application   must   be nccuiiip-  I allied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are not  available, but not ollu iv.i; i-. A royalty  shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rat������-of live cents  per ton.  The person operating the mine shaT  iui iii.-u ihs A,.'i-!.'. with ---worn returiiN  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  right*   are   not   beine,   operated,   such  l i-Uli U-- >iii...iu    '. -     i'l.. ..'.   V    VI    :\>    ]' ���������>������������������*  once ,i vi-.il'.  The  IfiiM*    will   include     t lu-     eoal  mining right s only.  For   full     information    application  honlil be made to tin- Secretary of tlu-  *      -   - -.   . in ���������������������������  I-hullld  lie lliaile TO I lie ,-ii-ei ewi. ,i   ���������'��������� ���������������*���������'  llfllliil     I   ti..,,,ii.ii.ii Lands.  ���������ttt/W**     *���������<    *-*W I ...       ...       .���������..,..      |.a���������nlV    MiliiHtl'V  l Will eiieei, i.'ne    i  the   lands they \\  66 bU.  t   Jl.l  LIU.  W. W. 4'ORV, Deputv .Minister  I hi-   I nl.-l '..| .  N. II.    1n.iuUii.ri/id publ'teal ion til t lun  >,-,...;, ,.������M,.ni uill nut   be (liiid (mV.  (V <1   HKNNETT  Manager i Jresi.on Hrniu-ii     ' still ������������wn m i.imt town.  iiwuwiinwnwwwiimi  aiit^^'yi^^yitwiiyitB^^ :gyygg������gypw^ggg'*wj.wi*;  ' ff^fflff^W"^W*l^^lP^W^^WriF|r*^rJ^'wH  im0KX0mmt*000000^i������00?0n0l0'0������0m*0*M ov^xmtaauamKi^muaasaaatss: ';g������Wiw5^?a-^*?sSS?-*aB-*fS***jgaa:saataaau*w .MtXISSSSK T^i  id������KiiW**jwiWiw,*i������������iM*><rWViii>>iiMiTi,iilii<ia*i<i.a  S^lW^^  -~~~"Ti^i*������jr^7iMiiffii?iflitanrin^  .:-saa...L^-^.t..,.-^.iy.|?"*^''^..yi"-.*^'WffMi..w."l|."..J"  jni���������"Z"iM.tmtttmwv  : :.~.>���������-������,^1^..i-..������,b<������i^m- ������ .Hiinnniiinim < <i������������niN,/i^iiiiiiilii^>riil1lt-iMlrWiiliJlHmiWtfl^llCiiiltli  ((itpifflpwpfJi*^1^^ 'I* I.������  w  -t.. .1 i .������ J  mriTTTin-t'r  .*.��������� ���������-. v - "  < v .  11!.  *.;���������  Now for Another War I  Ins water.  paint.  For dleinfeetine  rofrlgorators,  ._ ������lnhs, closet*,  1 drittRsas-sd-fOPSOO  rstho? K������urpos������e������      gfii  RBCL'SB eUStSTITvT  TOeaMWiciato^sagaBtCBaBaiCw*^*'  ������^,%&-3*������^        AA*������. ������*SfcJl%J6*^       M.    %a\4%4X4*4X ������  "Status Quo" Peace a Sure  Method  of Embroiling the *VorId  Again  Europe, even apart from Germany,  can whole heartedly be trusted to  take up again the work of war, after the necessary interval: so long as  we are careful to conclude tne present round, in the manner suggested  by Germany without any pretense of  victory or vindication.  Nobody who is not a lunatic can  reasonably be accused of proposing  , a peace of thc European status quo  with any intention of it lasting forever, or lasting- at all, except until  the  time of  the  rca llrial    and    sen-  The Oak-Hibbed Fleet  Reserve strength for  OtiieriiGO'-a IS Oi lWO-ioiu  importance and thought-1however ������i������, is pressed t into  e    i *      e i , transport service in Britain.     *?  tul women Detore ana  s.f'tsi'' oiaiersiic^ Isks  .���������!���������������.  ��������������������� A-_��������������� -  All Processes of Construction   From  Forest to Air Under One Roof  Somewhere in America there has  been erected a one-story building devoted to the construction of airplanes, which, so far as we know, is  the greatest structure of its kind in j  existence  lme ol  Gem3Tiv*  either  th  e  trial    and sen-  ; hegemony of Europe will  logicillv    completed    ?.nd  the  thc  be  made    habitable,    or  logically     condemned and pulled down.  The whole Eiu*opean disease, which  the war was once expected to cure,  consisted-in the fact that the lines  of  military and    imperial  occupation  -JC_���������_  ~-���������   ���������       ry-f"   "  Every Seaworthy Vessel Now Pressed Into Service  Every  vessel   that    is     seaworthy.  thc  am ous  racing yachts that once contested  with the kaiser's yacht at Cowes for  the pennant arc now carrying cargoes or doing service as patrol boats  under engine power instead of snow-  white canvass. The old convict ship,  "Success," is a tramp steamer carrying cargoes instead of a museum  of ancient penal times;  The  oid  "hearts  of  oak" and  teak  Nepralsrig!    Headaches  It reaches 900 feet in one j cut across and concentrated thc lines  1 ot living tradition and human history. It cannot be meant seriously,  as a piece of magnanimity or hu-  rnanitarianism, to leave these artificial lines at the end of this European  war precisely as they happened to be  at thc end of the last European war.  It can only be meant, and no doubt  it is meant, as a preliminary expedition with an eye to thc next European war.���������G. K. Chesterton in the  North  American   Review.  direction and 1,800 feet, or, say, p.  quarter of a mile, in the other direction and the whole of this erea  is covered by a single roof and con-  situtes, except for a fire partition  wall, a single shop.  The layout of the plant upon this  vast floor space has been so arranged that the raw materials, in thc  shape of sawn spruce, brought here  mainly from the forests of Oregon.  enter the building at one end, and  thc finished planes leave it at the  other end. ��������� From the Scientific  American.  It supplies pure cod  liver uii ior ficn  moou  and contains lime and soda  wiih medicinal glycerine,  all important ingredients  for strengthening the nervous system and furnishing  abundant nourishment.  It is free from drugs.  Insist on the genuine.  Scott & Bowiie. Toronto. Out- 17-20  9  After shopping or after a hard day-  are quickiy relieved *vith Sloan's  i :..*.���������������..<-   c>.....ti.A..i.. ���������^.��������� ���������.t������.  bing, and so promptly effective.  Cleaner and more convenient than  g-visjegv blasters ond dntmcsits.  ������ pores.   Every home should have a  ������~������t-v*i.*������        r������Ar������i-f������v        u-*-.*"       MPtruinoi **t y V- ���������������* *��������� **������ Cf  lame  back,   rheumatic   pains  and  stiff, sore muscles and joints.  Generous sized bottles at ail druggists. 25c, 50c., $1.00.  Aviation has  LobI its Romance  Were Weak and  Inactive  as  Resvilt  of    Nervous    Frustration���������-Lost  Twenty Pounds���������Had to Take  Sleeping Powders to Get  Any  Rest  Many people never realize that the  movement and action of every organ  of the human body is dependent on  the energy supplied by the nervo its  system.  When the nervous system gets run  down there is weakness throughout  the entire body. You feel tired and  languid and your stomach and other  digestive organs are similarly affected. Appetite fails, digestion is poor,  you do not get thc good of what you  eat and gradually grow weaker and  weaker.  This process can only be stopped  by such treatment as Dr. Chase's  Nerve Food, which goes directly to  create new nerve force and thereby  to invigorate the --vhole  human bod1-*,  Mr?. Geo. S. El'se, 46 Davidson  street. St. Catharines, Ont., writes:  "My hurln'md had an attack of nervous prostration, and, although he  doctored tor some time and tried different other medicines, he could not  cct re'ief. He had to resort to sleeping   powders   given   him   by   the   doc-  Is Fast Losing Its Picturesque   and  Romantic Features  Attentive readers of thc war news  must have noticed that the dispatches  describing- thc work of the aviators  on thc various fronts no longer deal  to any such extent as in the past with"  single combats, man to man. This  means  that  aerial   warfare,   like   that  The Men of Mons  The Indomitable Fighting   Spirit   of  the British Army  Among- Britain's most illustrious  military achievements history will record thc heroic and effectual service  of thc "contemptible little army"  which blocked thc German drive into  France in the early days of the war.  Thc men who fought the battle of  Motis, making thc Teuton pay dearly  for every foot of imraded soul, and  who, at great sacrifice and against  tremendous odds, stemmed thc drive  of the Hun hordes, won a place  among the empire's immortals.  Thc scenes in London when the  King   and   Queen   headed   the   public  ships  of   Elizabethan  days  arc   once  more riding thc stormy seas with all  the   old   reckless   daring     of  Armada, n j    1" .. ���������    ������.i:" ~i - " i  ~ *tl "  A**,,.     \xt:.,a ���������������������������,  -.--_., I.-,.- i .. ' B does not stain the skin, or closr the  summoned from the v/2.tcr,r deco bv  England's lord high admiral to bid  defiance to the foul boasts of the  Prussian Parma. The old hulks that  lay on the sands around the shores  of thc British Isles have been rudely  awakened from their slumbers, and,  under sail and steam, are doing their  bit in the great war. The scarcity  of oil and coal has brought the sailing craft back to the high seas. Life  before the mast has changed during  thc last fifty years, but the yarns of  the skipper who has rounded the  Horn are unexciting compared with  thc tales of the sea by men who  fearlessly face the perils of thc unseen  submarine that  Britain and lib  crty may not succumb to the voke of  fcaiserism.���������Toronto   Globe.  CHILBLAINS  on  land    has  developed  in   an  unex-'-^erc"profoundly    impressive.      Thc  pected direction and is fast losing its  picturesque- and romantic features.  Thc fliers, nowadays, do comparatively little of thc solitary hunting  for solitary antagonists that gave  them fame as "aces." Instead, they  work in carefully organized groups,  the members of which arc expected  to show, not independence and initiative, but the ability to carry oui with  exactness p������.aus iiiinutOty iaid out ������or  them by superiors who never quit  the ground.  Each member of the group has an  assigned part and place in its operations, and usually they arc divided,  some flying at a great height, some  at a moderate one, and thc rest up  only a few hundred feet. In other  words, they have "flanks," just as dc  lerresiii-.il  lighters,  but  flanks  are  up  tor  to  mak  e   !  part  ot  the  tr..  the  tie-  ' v c s  of  t?au  to  !';-���������  u  iriK  l'1. o  >., 1":  tint  y. i ii  :, _ v  \ '���������  .,   i  tn   t  \. .  :-���������  .-.;  Nor  \ ���������  . -  ,\  see:  y ��������� ��������� - 1  If, V  un  >I-  ;;-!)  sleep.     Tht  cre;uer  seemed to he with  s'.ear.ar.Ii. He be-  . and kept on go-  : had lost twenty  .:.::.'.! advertis'-ments  great choral commemoration was at  tended by seven hundred of the survivors, the majority maimed, and  crippled but proudly wearing the decorations which attested their bravery  in service. The cables tell that they  "cheered, sang, and waved back salutations" from thc great appreciative  crowds.  Til is is the indomitable spirit  which makes jjritons the world over  men to be reckoned with. Undismayed by danger, undaunted by  odds, cheerful under suffering, they  set themselves to the titanic tasks of  service. And they fight to thc end.  It is this spirit which insures ultimate and complete triumph for thc  cause of civilization. Where the  men who fought at Mons���������thc first  hundred  thousand,  thc best  army of  Easily   and   Quickly  Cured   with  EGYPTIAN  LINIMENT  For Sale by  All   Dealert  DOUGLAS  &   CO.  l'roprietora  Mir>.ir>-������ Orif  Preparing Future Carnage  No Chance  First Golfer (who is beating thc  parson badly)���������"Never mind, doctor!  You wait till you are saying the  burial service over my grave."  Parson���������"But, my dear fellow,  even then it will be your hole."���������  Boston  Transcript.  No Better Method Than That Pursued hy La Folic tt*s  Just as wc are familiar in modern  discussions with the idea of a mind  which liberates itself from some  small doctrinal religion-in the search  for a larger and truer religion, so  men like Mr. La Folietie its America  and Mr, Snowden in England are  only abandoning the present limited  war in order to find liberty and peace  in the broad bosom of a larger, truer, more universal war to be sought,  like all good things, in the  future.  It is foolish indeed to accuse such  men of any failure in courage. From  the colossal dimensions of the carnage which they prepare even a pacifist might almost shrink. Nor is their  wisdom less worthily proved than  their valor, for if the ideal to be pursued is that of a sure and certain-  hope of the resurrection of war in  Europe, it would be impossible to  find a better, among a million expedients, than the precise expedient  they  have chosen.  It would be impossible so perfectly  precautions  against peace, as by this one method  of letting all  thc nations accumulate  and down, not right and left.    They i its size the world ever saw���������led  on  iii^y  must   be   guarded   none   thc   less  that  account,    and    sometimes  arc "'turned," with thc familiar disastrous  results.  Aviation is become a "service" like  another and its principle is eo-dpera-  ticn. Thence will come military rc-  *m'u, but not much, or at any rate  n-.'V r,.< much* fume for individtia" aviii-  i,V-.V,���������v'>,x- v  in  e. w  orn  Times.  for     D:  u.'..tie'. il  ::   ie.t   o;  v-iiase  th;.  it,  ihe  il  or  '���������-!.,  Asthma Victims. Thc man or \vo-  mai: subject to asthma is indeed a  victim. What can be more terrifying  than to suddenly be seized with par-  o-.-cysm*; of choking which seem to  f--.i-.-lv 'live;-.'.;-.:* the cxiKtcncc of life  it-'-iiV From Mich a conditio!*. Dr. J.  D. Kidi.-.gp's Asthma Remedy has  ''���������-��������� *r _; I ii I'.-.iiiv fo eon**1! r te! V rertored  I-i-nitl) and hnppiness. Il is known  ::���������'���������! prized in ev.ry section ol" thin  ���������".'.;���������! km !.  Some  :        \    '-;  .-:;'i    I');!!-:  ���������'   ���������    ' .    .��������� '. \ ���������-   ')   ii  '   '' ��������� ���������    -.'.:',     iii     ii  a, ,-n   ���������,,.!. i   l.on  heroism and achievement, their  brothers from aii parts of the empire have followed. Thc standard  they raised has been kept flying, and  the' inspiration they supplied still  dominates the fighting forces.���������Toronto  Globe.  State of Ohio,  City of Toledo,  Lucas   County,   ss.  Frank J. Clisncy makes oath tliat he is  senior partner ol thc firm of F. J. Chc-ney  & Co., doing business in the City of Toledo,  County and Su-.te '-.foresaid, and that said  firm   will  pay   the  sum  of   ON'li   liUIMIJKJiU i if\   rrmi'b'ne   ?ii   poSS-D'*"  DOLLARS   for   each   aud   every   case  of   Ca- r"  '     r  tarrh   that   ������tr.not   be   cv.rcd   by   thc    use    of  HALL'S .CATARRH j;URK_  FRANK  J.   CIIjj.NEY.  Sworn to before mc and tub:cribcd in my  presence, this 6tb day of December, A. D.,  1886. A.  VV.  GLKASON.  (Seal) Notary   Public.  Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and  acts through the Blood on the Mucous Surfaces of the System, Send for testimonials  free.  F.   J.   CHENEY   &   CO.,   xoicdo,   O.  Sold   bv   Dr!! ������������������ i?.ts-   ?--??*.  Hall's   Family   Pills   for  constipation.  xvlinard's   L-irnmcnt   wUt'cs  iJipriviiciia.  Served  'Em   Right  The  Vicar���������"For  shame,  my    lad!  What have those poor little fish done  to  be imprisoned upon  the  day     of  rest?"  Tommy���������-"Tha-that's what they got  r*:^v,fi,0,-, f������r���������f������r chasing worms on a Sunday,    sir."  more and more aggravated motives  for conquering Germany; and then  to cease firing suddenly,- so as to  convince Germany that she cannot  be conquered.���������G. K. Chesterton in  thc  North American   Reviev*.  Keciprocity  >'. r.    ������������������W :\\ .->       i|--ii:i ( at   y^~  '.-.   ii Ins Ira ii������ m  of  ihat  :   iii.eiciil   philosopher,  assist-  ->r  mutual  :d     the  small-  111  ��������� f ,  i. .Op.  e;ni   yon  ie   piupi'i'  a-,v   eli.iii'  Mi. H.  irirber,  i.i i  i  o  .ii'ii" n  ;ii.-l    I Intl.-iV    r  ���������������������������lit*  ; i i ; : "   f .' i r  ������������������i. l.-D-  "' r -.-, t V'-.'  i'l Vi:    \-> ���������-.  .11'    iii j'. i  :u!   7ny hair?"  lor,   who   was  piTui-.ii)..-'   tlie  11 i-i e  . i. .  .'.uldressiiiK  <-r ,i 11.1 i i-ii  my   scissors  Prophecy Quickly Fulfilled  The evening lesson'was from thc  Book of Job, and the minister had  just read: "Yea, thc light of the  wicked shall he put out," when immediately thc church was in total  darkness.  "Brethern," said lite* minister, with  ci-yircely n moment's pause, "in view  of tlie sudden and startling fulfillment of this prophecy we will spend  a few minutes in silent prayer for  thc electric-lighting company."���������  London   Fun.  "Do you believe in i-einearna ���������  tion?"  "Absolutely���������so there's not the  slightest m\ed of your taking up your  time   u.   tell  mc  what:  ���������Washington   Star.  it'.s  about.  "Alice  "Ami  for his?"  married  a    nonagenarian,  lid   .she.   change   her   religion  --Huston Transcript.  When a mother detects from the  writhings and fret ling of a child that  worms are troubling it, she can procure no better remedy than Miller's  Worm Powders, which are guaranteed to totally expel worms from thc  system. They may cause vomiting,  but this need cause no anxiety, because it is but a manifestation  their thorough work. No worms  long exist where these .Powders  used.  of  can  arc  The publisher of thc best Farmer's  paper in the Maritime Provinces in  writing to us states:  "I would say that I do not know  of a medicine that has stood thc tost  of time like MINARD'S LINT-  MENT. It has been an unfailing  remedy in our household ever tinea  1 can remember, and has outlived  dozens of would-be competitors and  imitators."  Another  Slap  at  Sappy  "What's weighing on your mind,  Cho'ly?"  "Do you think my mind is a pair  of  scales?"  "Well, no, if you want to be pre-,  cisc about it���������scales arc evenly balanced."  He  Stuck  to   the   Truth  She���������"Mow  did  von  dare  lell   father  that  you  have  a  i-rosncet  of $50,-  000 a  year?"  .1.1 c--" \Vliy. I have, if .1 m;i,vy you."  ���������-IjosIou  Transcript.  ���������l\XlJ.ml II   ������7      J^l.lilllUIlL  Gai r;������ri  in  WI O IM !���������> V    O K xj t!. IV ti  Dominion Jixjiress Koreujn Cheques aro  accepted by Field Cashiers and l'.i> tna-icrj  in France for their full lace value. T)i������r<t  is no bett*v way to :.end money io the boya  in   iht-   troiii-lier.  -3  \   Www  111. it'-11.  VV ���������.!���������:������������������.  -. i ���������������������������    ; r i.. ���������  . ���������.-   tin  :vi-' tit!  p.-iper.  cut."-  Gen ���������  ���������Pitts-  r.xievnnna-  ii   the    sy;-.  > hild,    be  \    ��������� i'l''''11 iv<  FOOD  CONSttKVATION  Y������i\i r.ui nil;.- \o������ir full i-.liaro in  ���������liih iinpiii t.iiii. niuional wiii-tlii;-w:ir  tiic.i-, i!r, an.l bent-fit botb in pocket  iiinl in tiraltli, if you ni.f- llic prniici-  t-1-in..iiiii.- .ni.l luliar-savini; inutlioc!.-. in  iii--   ir.-cpaia.'ion   of   tlie   .stulf   of   life���������-  .1.  ������*&  ��������� i- fir '���������  V/onW  p.-.-..  ���������i  '.',),i   r  1-f  >...\;  83?] I % \\\ I % \, u :m %zm  >. urn. . I  ���������������,>������������������������.������      ���������    .       j   ���������'*..������     4m.. ��������� J." .fkirlnu-, \\  ^X?V:r+j������ali?tmrt  kill   r**auti4fr.4x-'.-*. :*. *:.'.��������� ... :r\J jfK'"S ,0,j>-" VI  llVf''K,,!'>lVf'*'^������--;'-l(ii','ltV'ff-l.fl|ii'>y  *\ y ;.*   r..Ifu- ujr/.������'i!ii  ii.  -,'. .i \-  mdi'v  . ���������  iiI : . I  Ml  p..;  -.vill !  f-.v.    I  lo  dtuil   1  *r j..������  i><ii;iutbni  Bread  vw'tK,yv  W^i  ViWflUtortu ������rr.'*i *,rM&i  In     Un-      U,''"-.'.t  fhr.ipM,  inoilrin      c.tiiruiriu     of  elf.ulrr,       ili|j;i-������lilil(1  .mil  Il   I..  x*      **������)'*������*  till III  .   .   I . p ',  .I*" V I  lirlin',  I-,. I, .-.���������   ,-��������� nl,*     I,: r,..|  < iii    1'iiui    Ii.iI-.-i'������i    l.ill    iii    ii-ilf,     mill  K.lili.ill..- .       .,       Ill������l l������l     ���������     ... I nil!.I.  ' in    iiii.ii.-v,   jii.I   Imv   ifiiti'Tn.  I* if    I     -^ ..     ! ,i, i\i\t .  '. ..'.I t.y V"1" li������'-������l "l.'.ili-i'  In .,i,;, 11 \ illi n ! Ii iii.i ,,-.  I<|-ri i>,    it/ lr. cr r-'l,   .ill    rli.iii'C'  I*':'K   loaf   t m\   e;i' h . .  Mti;ht   loul   i.izc,   each. , .  I l.f    \r i.:i i|.l'-    i>l    ������ I. v mi'    4  ��������� if  : 11 a y  .     'air  ��������� ;.i.  Cows,  Prices Fixed on  Bran and Shorts  Preference in Distribution of Suppii**:-  Will   Be   Given   to   Farmers  The food controller for the Dominion of Canada 11:>.-'. ininonnced that  he Jtas fixed the. priei-s on bran and  shorts ;it $.^I.S0 and >>!').50 respectively a ton in bull:, f.-i.l).. Fort William.  These price..-, are cA'e.'tive from December  VI.     The ma re, in  of profit  to  f)l-:i|(-V'-     liv.iy    ip-,--,    I,,,     (i-;;;vlt  Prices of feed ;vi Wcslorn points  will be the fixed prices les������ freight  to Fort William. The prices at Retina, S.'U'-kalehewan, and Calgary, Al-  bcrln, for br:������n in led!- ".'ill F- about  $21.50 and for shorts about %'ZoM a  ton. Tin* cost fif rirulcr, is about $6.30  a Ion. The prices ruling in the west  before. buiiiK   i"i\i d  \\riv-. $.v|  ;i   ton   for  , .       4      .     . I- . - ,  ���������'.   ��������� ��������� i   ������������������ i'..   -, ���������' i-   ��������� ���������   .    , ��������� 11 ���������   . i,    i.i   ;i,.iiu:i  ih'livcrod   at   eonnlrv   points.  1 lie miller:.,' eoiiiiin... ..', is .ietin(.; in  Cfi-M|'n'i-:ition with ihe food eonirollcr,  and prefer* nee in lhc distribution of  ������;:!pp!irs   will   I if;   given   to   farmer.'!.  The Heart ol a P'mrtn h th������  Action.    Insist on thc  flli/. P.[������������������rtB Jl?..,..  ...  M to     ^1..  4X.n  x x������tfn  ������������l^������'  * I. X4X.. *^#-  CHH1STMAS  i7y''~t���������y]f^x.      i*.   uc;u,   \\U)   nol  ho  .-.r-*: ���������������>-.<������  P#feil'il ii*".;.Wih '"'y*1    ������������������������������������������������������   R"la-  IErn-i*^ /%li'^wvti'\ w������-* '������������������*vc  ;i   to'1  ���������www>wti-������#*������^*fi>-*.'''M B.tt^11'1   wi'l   convert  $$wf������,.>^^ lalilc      into  ri'-^'r*?,';,C#������-',::-,:'-;'ri';- ������l.������i������.������K. lilirary  ���������4VX*M + ~*4..t.4XXx~i."    .'llCfl .-.  De-pt.-C '- SAMUIE1.   MAY   &  CO.  10:2   AdtLiifle   St.   W..   Toronto  T rii ������. ir% A FIO i tt ! Li;;!; ^t'Sl  fitiut ������ta-i n������, cu lit'., LHHiii.ii. <.vi:xxn\ik% i.������)������T vmoN  A <'IM Itll.-IKV f.l.AI.IU.II IIHHA'HIJ Jl.dOt) l-OlftOM,  HI."!, HI'IIIHII HO 'UUI'llllHT* 01 KiAII. (I i-um < t;tJ  fOIKlUMA CO -IU IlkrtKUAN II fliW vtlMK A( I VU������n (I HUH  toMUNiu wuiIiuk KltUil ������i������ii ruuii Id ;i.i-������o  I   Mill) Co  II ������wi-ii"irnri( II n  II *������i CITif ��������� n   I nunnu   if.i-������  ..I  "('  I.'���������  ill  l"VI"l'ilW,'lllv      ������VMI  ,. iff       ������.  III  ���������f....... |.  ., vr  Iim-  IJ.,.\l.t. tl I 1 Mil UI.U!  .1 I ������>A UU.S  TMEKAP80W r,:  <tA*V    IO    I \Htt  ������ftrri mn  I.^UI.KU (;IjH||U  SHU   rUAl    IH*ll*    M/.HKBI)   .VI)III)       rilHMAI'IOM     I*  ON  ���������it aovi ������t*u* ������*.i>i������iii������ io ������i.i anniuHK f������������:������niui  ^.^L'S   WOCCL'O 8foClZ-,'&Zu.x~LQ4  "T.-niblv   oM-f:-...hio:���������d.  ii.u'l   ,hc- ?" ' ^fflt'^ "������  '"'V*  V/-.I        r.'iili.'il     Hi...     (  iivi-nni1 I      JKk\*'.tm*-. *~<      ,..t    )���������.  Vf.  i i'i;.j  llfi  i l l i . I 4 * -) l '������!������     /������������������>-  II j,, i.i; wu  -.;������.!#  actually believe lint if ;  pell. .1 :.'. do f..ncv vn.ilv  Miieli   'iiud   lllia.s     iJnr  '���������'.'. i'.!!m ja vi   '.!!;���������.'.:   t.'.!:.    .���������.     hand jlohuo  lllllUM-.-    Illll     HI     ill.*      -tl'-'-t     -\H(| |v-     t-i  siarl   a   : iot,"    -W.i: hiueuui   Star.  die fell cfiin-  ,li.M lath; l  I Ionic'      on  uviiiorMcu tho viiioUi  fhhlNtit. ntf-nt/ii nn<l it nun M'.ivrf'   .������.i-i, u������  *  ���������    "���������**.'        0"M  j.vi,'  l.riv,   m\*>  ''.';.   l.'--:;-Hl'i-i.. *'.*������,,.������,' ',.' " '    ">  '" '���������  ���������   "  " ���������   "lit.    i. iii. I.   IJDUW  i'//.������������7", ji.v..7/ie" r.h.u4.vi>'.    Vi.'.V.'-ui'  fnr Jf      Dun ivill |.t*,rrif!, *\% mil r'lrrj.  I'- !  ij  1  |. >i. ...    j.-.i'I/imV1 ..Int.   k lik.. '������..������> Uk������ *-'   4'
inr. t, v j h: vi/
      W     -*��������<     I   .    .
KS��\ x
CI@?i!tlilI5"*!�� Hi^olIOlHtC
Slfftiw^irii??   are   sr&s-stf^.-r? a ��w*fElfl   wrsi
Position Reviewed
Supplies of Milk and Meat are   Declining
An authoritative source of evidence
THE KAISER FORETOLD THE PRESENT WAR IN 1908! gfrmany 'shows��� thT ha?diV��ess?d
���  j situation of the oeoole of that   coun-
in *.. Interview With an American Writer He Revealed Himself^ �� -������&����������� has been
As the Character in Role of Which he now Stands Convicted,    s reached at which the disillusionment
Asd Virtually Predicted th�� Present World War
* o���*������ . . ���
An extraordinary story of how the (Th��   Lost Ge Oil ail  Colonies
of the  German population  is    estab
lished. nor. indeed, does it prove that
this  disillusionment  can be    effected
by economic pressure alone.    It does
kaiser  suppressed  from  the  Century j
Magazine    a    remarkable    interview, j A   - w
giyen out hy him in 1908, is publish-1 ���n ~'t
ed in thc New York Tribune. 1
In the interview the kaiser virtually-j
End to the Cruel Exploitations
of the Natives
.v, , ... ,     ,   ,    . broken,
ihe surrender and dispersal of the!     ti-..-.~.
. .\S VV v.-V CI.
jvi   iiat&cu   is   mc
determined front presented hy it at
the beginning of the war, and there
can be no doubt that the German
"will   to  victory"   is   being     steadily
At the "eleventh hour"    the kaiser
I last vxerrnan iorce operating in Ger- \
j man     East    Africa  marks  the    sup-
sent a  cruiser to America  and  took j prcssion of the German colonial em-
the printed    magazine    sections     to, pi re.     The  suppression  is   likely    to
sea, where, with great difficulty, they
were destroyed.
The New York World printed what
purported to be (and was) a partial
abstract of the interview, but later
It is uow possible to tell the whole
story, and also give additional information as to what the famous interview contained.
Something over nine years ago, in
July. 1908, Wilhclm II., then and now
emperor of Germany, sat on the deck
of the imperial yacht Hohenzellern,
riding at anchor off Bergen, Norway,
and talked with William Bayard Hale
then a highly respected American
writer of unquestioned attainments.
His majesty Talked long���for two
hours. He had dir-*.d well, but not
wisely, as the saying gees, and his
words came with a rush, and they had
a sting to them. He was an emperor,
but more than that, he was'a hitman
being, and as all human beings are
wont at times to do, he was unburdening his heart, telling, if you choose,
"what was on his mind," venting a
long pent up spleen, airing his hatreds.
Hale listened, inwardly atrcmblc,
outwardly calm. For although since
classed as a German propagandist,
Hale has never been rated a poor reporter, and when he left the yacht he
reasoned that he carried with him the
most momentous interview ever accorded .a journalist. And unquestionably it was. It was full of dynamite
from start 'to finish. It reeked with
abuse of Ens-land and King Edward;
it slurred and maligned the Catholic
church iii Germany and elsewhere, it
damned the Japanese and the Anglo-
Japanese alliance; it predicted thc
world war.
In. other words, Wilhelm II. as far
back a.s 1908 had revealed himself as
thc character in the role of which he
uow stands convicted���thc world's
troublemaker. As such England and
the rest of the world might have appraised him with more or less, accuracy, immediately the Hale interview
appeared in print. But the interview
did not appear. It was suppressed.
The kaiser had talked for publication,
but it  was  suppressed,  nevertheless.
One printed copy of thc interview
Is still extant and in this country. It
Is in a p.ace where neither tlie German government nor thc United
States government nor any government can get at it.    Some day it will
l\r.     ��%..!���-. t-.*.4 Ti...      ...      .��� ^     %n���l.      I ���     . I. ���
*_����_���       |/|  lill CV*U. UUl       tO       fo\J       Mctl^U        IO       l.MJ
sunimer of 1908 when Hale, the royal
interviewer, departed from the royal
yacht mentally bulging with the verbal high explosives that he carried.
What  the kaiser had to tell  him  was
. not only astounding in itself, but
more so in view of the fact that the
German pcopY were then indulging
in a great hubbub over an interview
thc emperor had a short time before
given to a representative of the London Daily Telegraph. The kais'-r's
tongue was too loose, so folks were
saying. I'rince von L'uclow, the then
imperial German chancellor, was of
thc same opinion, and the story goe-j
that he had obtained from his majesty
a pledge against loose talk to guard
against just such un international
sensation that Utile was about to
Learning then with what  frankness
and  indiscretion     the    emperor    had
' ta'ked to thc American writer, the
German foreign office immediately
laid plans to scotch thc interview,
plans, by lhc way, which worked
with a smoothness and precision in
marked contrast with llir-rliploma-ic
bungling that followed the declaration of war.
prove a permanent extinction. Self-
governing South Africa is not likely
to consent to a rehoisting of the
German flag in its neighborhood.
Self-governing Australia would fight
against having German submarine
bases re-established over against
the Australian coast. Canada is
concerned about the freedom of the
Pacific, and will not consent to the
re-establishment of menaces to her
trade routes. The question of the
German colonies is riot an English
question, but a British colony question. Germany in her colonial enterprises has proved herself an ill neighbor. Her activities have alarmed
those who wish for peace and quiet.
She  has also  proved .an  ill  adminis-
x ucrc lias recently ueeit uii improvement in the stocks of bread,
vegetables, potatoes and fruit, such
as is usual at this season. But this
improvement has not been so great
as was expected, and it is insufficient
to make good the decline in supplies
of meat and fats and also of milk.
The last named is falling in quality and rising in cost, and there is
also less of it. The still more menacing shortage in fodder is reflecting
and will reflect still more, on meat
and all fats.
The Berlin weekly ration of meat,
250 grams, was unobtainable; the experience was the same in other
towns, with the result that in many it
has been reduced to 200, and in some
even to 150 grams. The bread ration
is four pounds a week, and until it is
reduced there cannot be certainty
from scarcity of the disappointing
nature of the harvest, or  which,
DiUiCI 15 iCCrMIIFJb IlDfcLr I
��*' v*.ia
Measured by the Map ox. the
fonts, orissia nss rt.sreauy cvepeaicta
The Achievements of the Past Three Centuries in Defending
Integrity of Empire and Maintaining Freedom of Seas
. .
ins other day a laconic tfrmsn
official statement announced the completion of the campaign in German
East Africa. Its significance was
little appreciated by a world whose
attention _was fixeel upon Cambrai
and the Kussian revolution. And yet
it marks the passing of one of the
great colonial empires of modern
times. When the war broke out German colonies occupied more than a
million square miles of African ter-.
ritory, an empire in area larger than
that lost by France under the Old
Monarch" in the wars with Britain
which preceded""the  Napoleonic era.
Bagdad, Jerusalem, German Africa
������these are measures of the present
struggle between the Briton and thc
German. We are entering the fourth
winter of the war, a war which German statesmen anu vjcrman sciic>ars
quite as much as German soldiers
proclaimed was to be a contest between a modern Rome and a# contemporary Carthage, a contest in which
the German should play the Roman
role. And after four campaigns no
German  ship sails    the    seas,   every
wun crushing force on the uncivilized \ indirect    " lqj"  f~*t" *hnao n���*tnn*  ��"��*����������  *--
natives who came under her control.
Of all the cruel exploitations that
have disgraced the relations of- the
white race to the black, the brown,
and the yellow, that of Germany has
been thc most ruthless. For the sake
of the natives as well as of colonial
neighbors, it is to be hoped Germany
will have no dependents until she
learns better how to treat them.���
New York Globe.     -s
. H. C. Offers Variety
Of Garden Courses
Again, potatoes have greatly helped to bolster up the general food situation, but the government still refuses to lift the present ration of sev.
save tor tuose portions occupiccl oy
Britain's French and Japanese allies;
Germany's Turkish ally has lost
Mesopotamia and the Holy Land;
British armies occupy the roads to
Suez and  the   Persian   Gulf,  and" no
en   pounds   to   the   ten   and   one-half I ��.uez. a"a  tne.  ��� . . .    ,     .
pounds, at which last year's was first! sinSIe  f��ot  of British  territory    iias
Butter Substitutes
Oleomargarine   and   Vegetable   Margarines Have Different Food
Beef fat and oleo oil margarines
are pronounced by VV. IX llallburton
and J. C. Driimntond about equal in
mitrili\c value lo cow's butler, while
nut butter ami margarine;; ini'd.-
from vegetable oils are distinctly inferior. The tests made at King's College, London, consisted in feeding
the   differ, nt   products,   lo   rats.     The
> T .        ,       . ,     . ...
.ui-'in    ('ia    I.,    i.i.ii    in    li.i:.    ��,ij     im il.il'
rd   three  ;inini
made of vegetable oils, four nut butters, three lard substitutes and half
a do/.eii of the raw oils used in niar-
gnriiirM   inannfaeiiii e.      Tin*   lard   snh-
Fiorists   and    Landscape    Gardeners
Made From Disabled Soldiers
in Re-education Courses
Chrysanthemums such as Manitoba gardeners have rarely seen were
shown in the recent exhibition of
work done by the soldiers in the vocational training classes conducted by
the military hospitals commission in
| connection with the Manitoba Military Convalescent Hospital in Winnipeg, and directed much interest to
the excellence of the horticultural
and gardening courses offered to the
Tlie number of prizes which thc
boys carried off in the fall fairs emphasized the gardening end of the
work, but less has been said about the
faci'itics for horticulture, and landscape gardening which arc available
for  the men  who  want  such  courses.
There arc fine greenhouses and
hot frames, and under the direction
of Mr. Fred Nichols the men are
making fine progress. Florists arc
turning out such blooms as are not
often seen outside the southern countries.
With Canada's ever increasing
prosperity, the number of city people who demand summer vegetables
in the winter season multiplies, and
the future for gardeners with hot
frames and the proper equipment to
cater to these testes grows more
golden. With this in mind, many of
the returned men :ire p'.Mining to establish gardens just outside the large
cities with thc intention of supplying
the markets in the summer, and the
high class i-Hiu-is in tiie cohi season witn grce'n salad materials and
out of date delicacies which will
bring fancy  prices.
Thc commission is also prepared
to rive wou'd be landscape gardeners
the proper grounding in gardcuim*.
should they have" sufficient ability
and art education to enable them to
look to success in this line. Thc
openings for such work arc limited
of course, and soldier landscape gar-
In addition to these men who arc
taking the different courses as vocational rc-odueation because their disabilities prevent them returning to
their former occupations, there are
many men who are taking a course
during their convalescence just as a
means of acquiring proper exercise
and putting their leisure to good use.
Many of them have had gardens at
ilif-itiH-, f-nty f'tr'y ruccr it. fill gard- n.-,
I run haphazardly on I'ulc real knowl-
, edg**, and they are taking ntlvai.'.tge
I of the opportunity lo put their work
(Hi a scientific b::sis through Mr.
I Nichols'  iustructi'iii.
fixed,   and   until   this  is    done       the
doubt as to the good yield of the new
harvest cannot be considered-dispel-
i <.a <
The medical evidence as to the
malnutrition of the German population accumulates. Their sufferings
from epidemics���from dysentery,
"hunger typhus," and cholera���are
probably overstated, but special ailments following underfeeding are
emphatically referred to by neutral
doctprs. The body can accustom itself with wonderful rapidity to smaller quantities cf feed, but only up to
a certain point; and a much longer
period of the reduction, it is feared
by German experts, will see the consequent elimination of a part of the
population, though it will naturally
be the weaker part. The death rate
is steadily going up and the birth
rate declining. In Munich, for example, in the twelve months ended
recently, there were 8,409 births and
12,418 deaths.
Whether the certain growing shortage in raw materials is being counter-balanced by economies and tlie
vaunted discoveries of substitutes
is very doubtful in view of many
pessimistic laments to the contrary.
Roth war output and ordinary industry are manifestly feeling the pinch.
Lack of labor and transport is leading to a disastrous famine of coai.
Altogether, the conditions are such
as to make thc moral conditions of
the  German  people very  bad,  if not
vei    vieS(ji.irttC it    i.iCi    ui     wiiiv.ii nlv
political  discords arc a clear    reflection.���London  Post.
now a German master.
If one could preserve an historical
perspective in the midst of crowded
inci^cJit** ,r^�� *"!���*** ^^r^s*0?!* *��rvi*�� ��-t ���wotH-ci
be perceived that history is strangely
repeating itself. Britain is doing to
Germany now what she did to Spain,
to Holland, to France.' Challenged
by an ambitious rival, she has swept
that rival from the seas, she has des-
tro2/ed the colonial edifice of the new (
foe and her armies are joined to those j
of half the civilized world in a fight *
inccs and cities between the Somm��
and, the Meuse, between the Phina
and the Danube. When these wars
were over an exhausted France fell
back upon itself, while an invigorated
Britain went forward in thc work o��
empire  building.
Tomorrow we may see a free Palestine guaranteed by allied armies.
We may see an Arab state created in
Syria with a similar guarantee. Ws
shall see German colonies in the Pacific permanently assigned to Japan
and to Australia. We shall see German West Africa annexed by British
South Africa, and we may see thc
ultimate obliteration of all German
colonial power. But no man can expect now to see German-led armies
arrive at Suez or on the Persian.
Gulf. India and Egypt are to remain British, South Africa has denied all German claims and borne
arms against the German, not the
Briton. German commercial establishments in the Far East have been
permanently destroyed; German,
commercial edifices in South America and in the United States are gone
or are crumbling.
Whether as master of Mittleurooss.
or as master only of the Germany of
1870, the Teuton at the end of this
war will have to begin again in the
world, and not begin as he began oa
the morrow of the Franco-Prussian
war, but begin with the hatred and
suspicion of two-thirds of the people
of the world; with the British empire closed to his exports; with the
opportunity to purchase raw materials essential to his trade restricted if
not denied; with his industrial machinery on the human side reduced
by the cruel cost of his campaigns
of conquest.���From thc New York
Seamen Pay for Errors
upon  German  armies  on  the    Euro- [ One of the Bitter Tragedies of   the
* j xvtercbant Service
Thc_ finding    delivered    the    other
vvu i:i:
Not so many  months    ago    Beth-
mann-Hollweg, then German chancellor, announced that Germany    would
J make peace  on  the basis  of the war
' map,  but   peace  with   Britain   on   the
Dasis oi the war map of today would
leave Germany not aione confined to
Europe and Asiatic Turkey, but with
the doorways of Asiatic Turkey closed, with the sea gates of the Turkish
empire in British hands, while now
and for the future, as in the past,
British sea power would still dominate the German exits from the North
sea to the Atlantic, from the Mediterranean both to thc Red sea and to
the western ocean. Measuring the war
by the feet and inches of the European scale, it stiii remains a doubtfui
and terrific struggle. Measured by the
map of thc world, Britain has already
repeated the achievements of the sixteenth,  seventeenth    and     eighteenth
day of the board of trade inquiry into the collision between the Mendi
and Darro last February, when the
former was lost, with six hundred of
a South African iabor batta'ion, was
that the collision was caused by the
wrongful act and default of the master of the Darro, whose certificate
was suspended for Uvelve months.
Just a little paragraph in a corner
of the newspapers, the epitaph, perhaps to a  fine career.
That is one of the bitter tragedies
of the merchant service���long years
of toil, and zeal, and skill, and then
by the error of a minute, a moment's
faulty judgment or seamanship, a
career is cut  short.
In no other service docs there exist the unwritten law that he who
has   failed   is   ruined,   and   no     oiher
More Sheep  Called  For
While   spirial   rmphaHs   has
p.'lt     ,-,�����)     tile     jin'i-i c.l      i,r,���..(.���..I I,-
arf;iVmar.'aVinesl'Vour|^f--s'. nio.re   *'.'*-'*'���?   ����*c'neeiled
, c
Klitute.-i   iron:
:d>or.l   .'.ju.d
���'he increase in  the number of
in all Canada  this year amounted to
.'00,00(1 lurid or 15 per cent.
which   �����<
nnii-li    inferior
Evening   News.
There  are   1,000 employees     of  thc
to   l.���;-d   itsi If, j United   St.Ucs   food  adiiiiiiisa.ition   in
to   bntt'-t
the offices  of tin- crnir.il  org,*ui��:��:ilfi-��n
; al   Washington.     Besides   ihe  central
! M.WlV,   lluir   i>.  a   ho i'l-   oi r.iiii/:ilii.n   in
Do Not Hoard Sugar
Buy Only    What    Is   Required   for
Immediate  Use
Information secured by the food
controller's office appears to indicate
that there is sufficient sugar in Canada    for    P. II    ordttinrv      nroclc; Mrimr
consumers, however, have purchased
more than is sufficient for their immediate requirements and if this
hoarding is continued there is danger
that those who have not been in a
position to purchase large quantities
may not be able to secure as much
as they actually need. Hoarding is
both unpatriotic and unwise. Householders arc asked to buy only as
much as they need for immediate u.se
ami retailers arc requested not to sell
more than one weeks supniy per
family, except in cases where it
would be impossible for the consumer  to  secure  supplies  weekly.
Bread an J Bacon Prices
.service has such a long and pitiful
centuries, and the war, so far as Brit-1 list of suicides to its name, for few
ain  is concerned,  still  reu'iuhis  io be i skippers have cr
More than this. When the war began England had only a fleet. The
English expeditionary army of less
than 200,000 men represented the
maximum of her strength upon land.
Today she has five million men under
arms, her guns outweigh the German,
her military machine is as powerful
as the German, and not yet has her
man power been weakened by the tremendous sacrifices which have been
thc price oT German victory so far
as she has achieved victory against
thc French, the Italians and the Russians.
Jerusalem   has  a  signficance  for  a
world  public  far  beyond  its  military
value.    Even  Bagdad is a  name    before   it   is   a   thing     of     military   im- i that   he  was  so  engrossed  in  lik  f;ur
porlancc; and    yet these cities,    with , neighbor's  conversation   that   iu*   paid
their  wealth   of    historic   suggestion, ( no   attention   to     three   notes,   which
ared to survive the
disgrace of "suspended."
There have been instances, however, when men have lost their sl.ips
in circumstances which are not to be
Very few people are aware that the
commanders of one company's liners
arc forbidden to have any social intercourse whatever with passengers
during  the  voyages.
This rule dates back to thc time
of the sirandinc of its big shin, the
China, which was run ashore on an
island in  the  Red  Sea in   1R97.
A birthday party was in progress
for one of the passengers, who was
a widely known woman of u'tlc. She
sat on the captain's right hand, and
tlie reports of the inquiry showed
that   he
It  Ts  Cheaper  Here  Than in  Great
Persistent    statements    are    made
that '.lie price:.; of bacon ami lm..id
are higher in Canada than they are
in  Great   Britain.    The allegation
represent a fresh renaissance of British power.   Louis XIV. and Napoleon
wejc  tuiiuui.:.!   i'j   ijiuuiic  a.ivv;   iui    i.v.i-
poleon's little venture into Egypt;
while British armies, then, as uow,
played their part on the continent
aud British ships of war and British
forces swept the  world.
If the war were to end today Britain would possess a fleet and an army
the one overwhelmingly superior and
the other at least equal to thc German. Again, Britain in colonial tcr-
litoiy uould be tin. vi._i.oi, woman merchant ship could sail from
Hamburg  to the     Far   East    save as
were   sent   him   from   the   bridge.
These notes were from the oiucer
of the watcii, ana tl'.ey warned 'he
captain thai the vessel was rapidly
Hearing a certain point, and that the
course  shou'd be al'.ered.
Conceiving that he had done all
thai was required of him, the officer
diil nothing more; and before the
diners had reached their coffee, the
vessel   struck.
Perhaps   the   saddest    instance      of
the  rule  that   ihr-ne  who  go  down   to
v.n-4-j me   si-a   in   ships   must   pay   the   em
regard  to  bacon   has been   emphatic-1 ltritaiu  permitted  it, to  touch   at   her
ally denied and figures have been cil- ] coaling stations;  British colonies and
ed which prove couc'u:;ively that il
is cheaper here than in Great Britain. Tlie bread of England is war
bread, subsidized by the government
and containing other ingredients
Li..m vviiiic uuiii, ~\ u.iovMw price
of n one-pound loaf at five cents was
fixed. Already $20l).0'K),00() ban been
appropriated to apply 'as a subsidy to
sustain  these  prices.
��i -..,i
uiil-iln   .iilii'iliim   ii.ill
Uaeli  ol   tlu-  states under direction  ofjiialing  the  marketing  of  tlw
'the   ���'?.'.'.'   inod   .-i.duiiit':.!-.aiotr.
Three member:; of (lie fruit and
vegetable^ eoiiiinillee of the food control administration have hecv. W.
Prince   Edward   Island .studying    thr
f." -~:!
ii >*i��,
BnlLih uavtil pori.i v,ould \n ilujul
to German commercial ship:i and
German warships, and despite the
ravages of . the submarine in British
shipping the German commercial licet
na:; -iiUicieu iai' gie;ucr lu.ssc;. incident to the seizure ii> foreign ports of
the vessels ihat to escape British sea
power look refuge there in August,
We are fixing our tycr. upon Europe pi Ci'.i:ioly a:, oui. .uieesloii i��\i d
their eyes upon lhc campaign in
Flander:; and Artolt; m l!i^ \\.\y��� .;:"
the eighteenth and nineteenth century
    ....il   t...t   it.,.    kl.-!i��, 1.   4-..I.. '.*..   .������������ ���
built beyond Europe at the time
���,','h'*'*   Knrope   v.-::.'���.���   ce-*.*.���������?..!i.1-v;-,'     i'fov-
j penalty of shipwreck with lV.ir liv.-a
was the fate w l.ic'i ovi_rU.uk iIn* e:-p-
tnin of a liner, which grutinilnl on a
coral  island  in   Janiniea.
iiie i>o.it was croword wilii passengers, ma kin'.j a pleasure trip to the
West Indies, ai-.-.t f.-rtuu;.'.. I;., ;.s ihe
weather   wac   �����;.!;.i.     al'     v, . -.���   ��:r.*\"y
l.aitd.-d.       But     .he     >���    <'! -.J.,     f,  ��Mr-.-rt     in
iii.-,  ship ami slu.i  Im:,M.-h   i!m:ui|-'h   the
���Fiou. A
Wanted, a  Brighter Style!
"1"..  ih.-   Editor of  The  Tim.-:
!...-'    f*M.r.d.; j'    i.Vi'liilik       I
en;: ���>!!
my   -j
tio: .
cukited   to
._���>.. Im I,;y I.Vi'liilig
-���i ' V '..���..<. r .J-i a :
!'���    I!-.V    Ylll.V.'.
;:   !.-*.--..���."    -ii;...:,,
cs     "' a.h r   wriu-r   * m
r <. .nl
ir    I-..1I    of
<o:.f'i c|.a-
.1   ui
UHMH THE  CBEST03   REVIEW  Gordon Smith, who has been home  for a couple of weeks, returned to  Victoria on Tuesday.  C. O. Rodgers was a business visiter  at Nelson the latter part of the week,  returning on Sunday.  Len. Mawson, section foreman at  Marysville, was a ' week-end visitor at  his home here, i*eturning on Monday.  W. B. Embree had a rush call to  Boswell on Wednesday t-otake care of  some plumbing in a residence at that  noint-  J. H. Lawrence, the Nelson auditor,  is here this week, on the  audis of the  Canyon     Oity  books.  Lumber     Co.,    Ltd..  Mii^k and Cream Fob Sale���������Will  deliver to a number of customers on  and after Feb. 15th.���������F. K. Smith,  Creston.  Bees Fob Lale���������12-frame hiye6,  Golden  Italians, $12.50  per hive de-  1S..___J     *_     xX...    TT..11..-. \XT       -XT     T 1-  IIVCI1M      111      l/UC        VO������lV5J.  ������V   . V.   dOUIt-  son, Creston.  Seed Potatoes Fob Sale���������Gold  Coin yariety, and all free from scab.  ���������Apply Creston FruitGrowers Union,  Ltd., Creston.  Rev. Hillas Wright of Cranbrook.  will take both services in the Presbyterian church on Sunday, Rev. Mr.  Wood officiating in the divisional  city.  Jos. Brown, formerly employed by  si. 8. Ss.cCreH.th, hut- woo has been  at Trail for the past- year, is renewing  old acquaintances in Creston at  present.  Oleomargarine is now available in  the Creston Valley. The Mercantile  Co. opened a case of it this week, and  report a considerable demand for  it  The ladies are reminded of the Red  (-loss tea and shower in Speers' Hall  to-morrow (Saturday) afternoon.  Donations desired are articles suitable  for the soldiers at the  sanitarium at  Balfour.   The tea is 15 cents.  Tuesday afternooo's Bed Cross tea  this week was another splendid success; the proceeds totalling 33.40  Mesdames Dow and Learnaonth  presided.  The cafeteria tea- and sale of home  cooking the Presbyterian Ladies had  on Thursday afternoon was quite  successful, the financial intake being  close to $20.  Two new members were added to  the communion roll of the Presbyterian Church at the communion  service last Sunday afternoon. These  united on profession of faith.  John Tait of Nelson, C.P.R, telegraph auditor, paid Creston an  official visit this week. Telegraphic  business out of Creston showed better  than a 15 Der cent, increase for 1017.  Laos  B-*������*y  iftei  EHISS  unday,  ounaay ocnooi at I0.Su a.m.  Preaching and Praise Service  of friends gathered for ������a evening of  cards add sociability. The evening  passed pleasantly, with refreshments  at the close, and . it was with regret  thai the goodbyes were said, Mrs.  Weber being deservedly popular with  all who enjoyed.her acquaintance. ��������� -^  at  -a -a    -4 f*  .JLJS.aJi.es   ������*������. iir.  REV. HILLAS WRIGHT, Mi.,  *,&     HtfA������  |B������  i^i.  ftAk  S.. Larnont, who has been laid up in  the Kootenay Lake Hospital at Nelson  for the past month, recovering from a  severe attack of pneumonia, is expected borne the latter part of next week.  The "Willing Workers of the Presbyterian Chureh are having the first  of a series of social evenings in the  church to-night. Mrs. Wood is now  in charge of this department of church  effort,  Creston Farmers' Institute is  tolerably well supplied with baled hay  just now, two cars of it having come  to hand within a week. The upland  variety is selling at $25, and the  timothy at $27 a ton  Red Cross���������The treasurer acknowledges financial donations for the  meetings on the I2th and ISth inst. as  follows: Membership fees (Feb. 12).  $18. Fees (Feb. 19) $4. Tea, $3.40.  Mrs. Gibbs, donation. $5.  Messrs. T.   E.   Goodwin  and  John  oi unnnok; wiii mm mm  s������������b.HSffl������5������������    ik!ra    Vlif������ra������giS  OGlliHsOd niio miiiuuj  Evening Praise and Preaching  at 7.30  Hearty Invitation extended to all.  rvx^ v. or.  u.    ������������ \j\jxj.   t. obun���������  *"r *s   mZS.^4<  ^x&b,  _   V-gTAW*  b4S V *V������J&  na  -aa  1*\������������ **t���������������**������*-������   *4*/%.    moouia tr*  fl*-_������������ *  ������������j^       %,***       ������ wk,i������w     I*.*  aminations for licensing scalers.  Four candidates tried conclusions ob  this occasion, Messrs. C. Moore, J. D.  Spiers, Eric Craigie and William  Blanchard of Wynndel.  Creston bad heated car service east  yesterday for the first time since  November. Better than half a car of  potatoes and apples were loaded into  it here for a customer at Cowley, Alta.  . AUCTION SALE���������The property of  Messrs. Goodwin and Fraser, at the  Fruit Growers' Union warehouse, on  Saturday afternoon, Feb.23red, at two  o'clock. Household furniture, implements, etc. Also a. purebred pedigreed Duroe-Jersey boar. Terms  cash.    J. F. Rose, auctioneer.  cpThe trustees had'^iittle to occupy  their attention at the ".'February meeting on Monday, at which there was a-  full attendance. In view of the im  possibility to get the lots next the  school grounds cleared last fall it is  likely that school gardening effort  will be confined to having/the scholars  cultivate plots at their individual  homes, on which prizes wiii be  systematically awarded.  Red   Cross���������The    work   secretary  acknowledges receiving tb.6 following  donations of materials as well ft*? th**  finished product at the^Tuesday afternoon   sewing   meeting:    Socks���������Mrs.  Stace Smith, 1 pair,   Mrs.  Forward 1,  Mrs.    Forrester    1.      Pyjamas���������Mrs.  Botterill and Mrs. Payne  1 suit each.  Mrs. Watson,  6  trench  caps.    Donations���������Material   for caps,  Mrs.   Ash,  Mrs. Ryckman   and   Mrs.   Forrester.  Mrs. Stark and   Mrs.   M.  Young each  one trench cap.  In addition to their excellent eating  and keeping qualities Creston apples  are also entitled to rank as good  travellers. On. November 29th Mrs.  M. Young sent a parcel of this fruit  by mail in a corrugated straw board  package, to the Forestry Draft Iu  France. Itarriyed at its dectination  on Jan. 9th. Acknowledging receiving them Capt. Maiiandaine writes:  ���������'The Delicious and Winter Bananas  came through first rate; hardly a.  mark on them. The Cox Orange or  Pippins, I can't say fwhich variety,  are'the only ones that went off. ��������� They  retained their shape, but were punky,  verging on softness. The others were  all sound and fresh*"  possible Floyd was taken on the noon  train, his father and mother, Mr. and  Mrs. CO. Rodgers, accompanying him  as well as the doctor, and he is now  being treated in the hospital at Spokane. Hopes are entertained that  amputation will not be necessary, but  word to hand yesteru������i.y was none too  optimistic in that respect. The sad  accident is deeply regretted by all.  1  Early in the year Floyd had obtained  T  ' ti'--  a/ lieutenant's commission in the Royal  Flying Corps and was expecting to go  into training with this branch of over  seas seryice at the end  of  at Winnipeg.  t������y     t-.i xt ���������-..^**   ,^t ������-i.. _...������.. r\ix..  IS  inilmrt  The very thing you require just now to tone  up your system as it  contains a blood purifier  tonic and system builder.  Contains as much cod liver  oil as any wine of cod liver  oil on the market, but you  cannot taste it owing to  vehicles used.  F'ine preparation for young  and old.  r.mstnnfirijcr &ltaftk Cs-  w ��������� w a <mf ��������������� ��������������������� a ������������)���������*   '*m* a***? tfVM  v VM  Phone 67  CRESTON  Saskatchewan next week, are having  a joint auction sale of household  effects, etc,, at the Union warehouse  to-morrow afternoon at 3 o'clock.  The ahnost-zeroturn of the weather  on Monday has started the local ice  harvest in good earnest, Rodgers'  pond is receiying special attention.  125 tons at least will be required  locally, of which the P. Burns Co.  accounts for 40.  The first heated cat* available to  local shippers in at least three months  was sent west on Friday. A few  local ranchers availed themselves of  the accommodation to dispose of about  100 boxes of apples via Creston Fruit  Growers* Union.  Monrad Wigen of the Wynndel box  factory has this week started logging  operations on the Goat River below  the Hnscroft ranch. He is taking out  cottonwoods for the manufacture of  crates and boxes this season. He has  five men in camp.  The Jan Hing Company have already started in to modernize the  Pacific restaurant Which they took  over from Lu Yee this month. A  couple of compartments have been  put in. which will be specially set a-  part for their Indian patrons.  Mr. Proud, assistant provincial  forester at Cranbrook, was a visitor  here Monday and Tuesday. He was  presiding   at.    the   departmental   ex-  VlfEAaRARL PR  mm   wm    HHH O    IA Wi   v������ Jv    ait MMV BBBBi V0BM ^aflB*^  Wh''t.b**i- its Clothing or Footwe-ir, thiH week we offer a  nimilM'.r of Kp������'':iul lini-H Unit, will command the attention of care-  ful buy������������T-H. We merely mention them ; they must tie soon to be  )<*j'.lly appreciated- ���������both an to priiie and quality-���������-  Shirts, both dress and fine.    Sweaters  Gloves, work and fine.    Heavy Pants  Mens fine Cashmere Hose  -nice assortment  Woo! Socks. Mackinaw Shirts  In Fo'it.werr our prices are unbeatable  in them* lines enpe<ially :  tnen s lunutaiKiui jvfj> iluiivu *^#iu������r������  Ladies* Cunmetal Pumps  Work and Fine Shoes  in .ill ������*i */.������������������������ fur Hnv-i, I julie-. .uhI Men.  Ladies*, Men*s and Roys Storm Rubbers  jL.umbermvn ������ *i-L.ac*������ rtuooers  and Mackinaw Shirla  wi* a,r<* f-losing out al  almost your own   pricr ;  w������* must  buvo tli<* moitfry  y wu -sl-Sj t/^ ���������kja'otjr is *a     aa^ra *up t*������ia b'-sji'b ������j������  At the regular meeting of  Masonic Lodge on Wednesday night,  John Blinco, I.P.M., was presented  with a past master's jewel by the  members off the lodge, W.M. Hayes  making the presentation. The testimonial is well earned as"** W. Bro.  Blinco has held various offices in^the  srift of the lodge in the past few  years.  Word reached here this week that  Pte. Geo. Seymour, one of the Cres  ton men who lett here just about*  three years ago for overseas service,  and who has been recuperating in an  English hospital from wounds that  almost deprived him of his speech  along with other injuries, has arrived  in Qdebec, and will likely be reaching  Creston some time next month.  Posters are out this week announcing the St. Patrick's Day celebration  under Holy Cross Church ladies  auspices. Dancing will be the feature  with card tables on the stage for those  who prefei' whist and prizos for ihe  high scorers. Owing to the 17th coming on Sunday the Irish natal day will  be obseryed on the 18th this year.  **' Mrs. Ii. S. Bevan was this week's  hostess at whist, entertaining seven  tables of players on Tuesday evening,  when the prizes were carried off by  Mrs. Henderson and Jas. Chei-rihgton;  Mrs. Dow making the low score of  the play. Refreshments and music  followed and a right royal evening's  entertainment, i������ r������uwvr,e.d bv all the  guests.  II. V. Weber, who has been identified with Ci-eston's commercial and  horticulturist life for at least a half  dozen years back, moved bis family  and effects to Nelson the early part of  tho week, where they will make their  home in future. Mr. Weber is travelling for a Nelson firm and finds that  city a central location, hence the  change.  The Hiiluhrious climate that Creston  Valley ban enjoyed this winter is  eloquently testified to in tho fact that  some of lhc local iimi-chauts have had  to import their tmmmor supply of ice.  A car of the frozen fluid arrived last  Friday for Messrs. Speers and Oat-  way. It wan from Ci-owHiiest, and  eontained about "*0 tons. The price  f.o.b, cai-H at .shipping point is $1.25 a  ton.   /  MciiiboiH of thi* OtcHton Women'ii  Intuitu^" iiie given due and timely  \vmrnin)* I 1h������I there will ben book and  -..; ������������������;.������������������.������������������..:���������    .���������.*... -..-;     in    J!..-    hil :".T!*t!'. -if  the Moldlet'H at Itnlfour minitiirliim at  the Mureh meeting, Friday, Hth ult.  NecdlcH jiiul thlnililcH hhoulil altio be  brought for the l?������-d Oitohh Hewing. A  bii'HC Miipply of towelling Iiuh been  inn. ln.M -t .iml tin i. will Ih- loom and  j uiu'h fur .ill.  i      I'.l'oi c I li.ir   ileiiiii I nut to Nell.on  In  I reiiide,   Mi in. II. I'",  Weber wan it   gucM j  j ..!    ;.i-.u..r   .'Ut u;>I.i^    ,->iiiin^   at.   the,  i home of Mi'h, lotutknci-when   a parly  d  ifiin  cr  a^nichan   y*������ <������������������������  cost him the loss of his right foot befell Floyd Rodgers on Wednesday  morning. Some cats had been making themselves a nuisance at- the  Rodgei's borne for a. few nights previous and that morning Floyd determine! to make an' end of the trouble  by exterminating at least one of them.  In chasing the feline across the yard  he missed his footing and in his fall  the .30 rifle he was using was discharged, the ball entering his right foot  just above the ankle and came out  just -a little below that joint. Unfortunate^ it was a soft-nose bnllett and  the damage done is that much more  serioiiB, including the severing of an  artery. He was taken to the house  and Dr. Henderson was immediately  summoned.    After doing all that was  week with  her father,  August Johnson. .   .  Mrs. H. Moffatt and Mr. A. McPhee,  who have been yisiting their sister,  Mrs. J. Bathie, en ronte home from  the coast, left on Wednesday for their  home near Regina.  Lieut. Ashley Cooper of Bonnington  spent a few days with the family here  this week.  Wynndel school is now in charge of  D. J. Dewar of Calgary, opening last  Mondav.  Monrad Wigen and his logging crew-  are at present at Creston where they  are getting out logs for boxes at the  Goat River bottom.  Mr. and Mrs. Carl "Wigen went to  Creston on Sunday, where the former  is wm-lciiiir wit.h "M. Wisren's lossinsT  ���������        ���������*  " ��������� "��������������������������� r^ O DO        ~  crew, while Mrs.jjWigen has charge of  the cooking outfit,  Many thanks to the Sirdar correspondent for the information regarding the coming out of the '"pussies" iu  their district. We don't like to boast  about these little  things, but for th������  UCllCUU   \.4X   Will.    UCI^U.ii#l0   ,������- *ft������   OVCIOC:   UK������C&t>  the ���������pussies' around here have become  'cats' quite a while ago.  Miss Olga Wigen, Monrad "Wigen,  and Clarence Ogilyie took in the show  and dance in Crestou on Eriday night  and report a most enjoyable time, es-  neciallv at the dance.  will take the Presbyterian Church ser-  ftxxr.nr^\n at V'Aft  '������. *^*fc. * ��������������� ������*������������������������������������    m^, mJ   4x^*. * *-Tx   fh  PUBLIC NOTICE  This is to notify that we have purchased the Pacific Restaurant from  Lu Yee, and took possession on  February 1st. All parties to whom  Lu Yee is owing money are asked to  call before February 26th and have  their accounts straightened up, as we  will not be in any way responsible,  after that date.  JAN HING COMPANY  Creston, B.C., Feb. 1, 1918.  Heavy- weight Under������  wear and Shirts  for Men  Although all wool goods are scarce   ���������  and high, we can still sell you���������  All wool, heavy-weight underwear for  men in all sizes, at per garment $2.00  Lighter weight  Shirts  and  Drawers,  Penman's goods at, per garment  1.25  A hotter line, by the same maker', per  garment  1.50  We have a full stock of winter weight  Shirts from $1.25 each up to all  wool heavy Jumper styles at, each  4 00  Our stock of MEN'S HEAVY  RUBBERS   all  good fitters  fa still complete.  A full line of Heavy All Wool $ox at  per pair       50  Klondike Tufted Sox for men, per pair        75  VV 1></1   IliUIUIU.MU;  it i. 1 M������S,   |iOt    jnui ;>u,   ������ .)  DON'T SLIP, buy Heel Spikes, pair       35  I Mi M ������������������*���������(* ������rtt  i > Mitti-n-r***"*  +ii  <J  ft  ���������i  ,'i  >;s  Ml  TiiWliiiimMWinniiiiiniMniiiii-���������iimnmniiii  iimn   ii���������miit<m���������i������-inriiHMniniiiM������tiiiiiiiiililHiiiMiiiii������iiiiiii������iillBl  aKusSJiiiafiiS������  Kl^mniMWmfSlxm^ixZ  ilMmiUliMMnUi fimiiM^>lll'liL''Jlllill'illi1l*MiHil*>i ' l^^liMiiMr"^M>Mtf*iliii*rt(i*������fiti I"^���������^���������-"^^-���������ittmiliMi-jti.*Jl:m.41JI  ���������i���������iiMiii������iiiMiiiiiiiiiii ���������������������������������������������'��������� '.mmimhh������������������mm���������mmiiMiMy  *'"ittlt1iri������'������liMtii


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items