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Creston Review Feb 9, 1917

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creston, "b; c;,
FEBRUARY 9, 1917
'��� A' AHM4,
-���'-;;; ^few
..���'., .-."i-.~��i��n��-
um o
naustry is
ities at Cany oil Oity
Sawmill Gutting 50,000 Feet Daily-^To Saw 10 Million
Will Skip 20,000 Poles���
feet ot number in 1917
y v *.*.*.
160 Men Employed in Mill and Woods���Caterpillar
Jingine and 30 Teams Logging���Stri-nk l&arm P!or*<?
At no point in this province is the
renewed activity iu lumbering aud
logging operations more :r.artced this
winter than right here iir the Creston
' Valley���at Canyon City to be exact���
where the 140 men now on the payroll
of the Canyon City Lumber Company,
Ltd.. are as : busy as beayers in both
the hi ill and bush and storejind office
doing their bit to supply the excellent
w . prevails for everv-
J.U1.U now
the   three  planers , a fruit-box making factory  which in
h has been taking JI916 turned out in  the  neighborhood
thing in-the timber line.
The Review man had a personal
lookover operations at this point a
couple of weeks ago. The sawmill,
which a couple .of months ago was
changed over 'from a circular to a
handsaw cut, is turning out' 50 000
feet daily of high-class lumber; and
doing it almost without-an effort.
The day we were there the saw,
which we are told has a length " of 64
feet was eating up the logs big and
small in almost continuous performance fashion so smooth was it working
and as were those in charge of the
carriage as well as the sawyer. The
firm has eight of these saws available
but the filer in charge was so \v�� 11 onto his job that about half that numher
would seem, ample as'.the saw on the
cut that morning had been in use six i
hours and was going almost as well as
when first put on. "-��� While tiie out p. it
of the bandsaYv is nob very.', much'
greater than was the <laily cutwith
the old cirsular theji��\y,.p,tder of thi ngs
is.a considerable!;*^oney--uiake.r.in"fchat
it will cut flfteeh per ceht.'more lnin-
���bei out of each log than will the
circular arrangement. Pretty .much
of the old equipment is used with the
new saw, though the change over
necessitated  an  expenditure of $1500.
The management plan to cut 10
million feet this season.. Of course
this output will depend, to some extent, on the weather. About" six
weeks more of sleighing is wanted to
ensure that quantity, though the
firm will truck logs in all summer,
hut that is a much slower method
than the sleigh haul At present
t'0,000 feet of logs comes into the yard
daily. The caterpillar engine, which
iMr. Case and an assistant are handling, drawing two sleighs is averaging
30,000 feet daily. They are drawing
from the Ross' camp, about three*
miles from the mill, and make three
round trips a day. On the sleigh haul
and skidding 20 teams wero at work,
26 of which' belonged to the company,
and by a system of hauling to a half--
Way point between the skids and the
mill, where the sleigh load is taken
,,ti to the yard by another team and'
douMiiiK on the grades, the sleigh haul
is bringing along abontOO.OOO feet each
dav.   **       ��� ���    -   "
Of the M0 mon employed about 35
are in the mill and the day- wo wero
there only four Hindus wero employed.
All the others were a smart looking
lot. of millmen, which they are .bilging by the quantity of stuff they were
{putting   through
and the resaw  wi
care of 40,000 feet a day for some time,
Charles Simpson; who is iri full charge
of the bush work has two cutting
camps, "John Huscroft is looking after
No. 3, with a crew of 25 men, while
Tom Ros�� has a crew of 20. About 50
per cent of the logs are pine, 35 per
cent, larch with   the remaining 15 fir.
The force in Janurry, which was;
smaller than is now employed, ran up
a payroll of .$7,400.00, but this does not
represent tho ^to.tal expenditure of the
company its thev have almost 20 men.
working on contract taking out logs
and poles. v    ;
On the pole cutting; end A. E. Sam
uelsoti and Otto Johnson are the biggest operators. It is hoped thequant-
ity eutlhis season will run to at least
7"0U Thty are mostly 25 and 30-
footers; and when these are."ih and
stacked up with the stock on hand the
company, will.have, to ship this year
as many as 20,000 posts���or 125 ear-
loads to get down to smaller figures.
To.keep things moving at top speed
a'certain amount of feeding is necessary.: At the mill boarding house.,
which is In charge of Paul Oulett���-
and lie it said right here when it
comes to serving up camp grub both
in quantity and of a quality that keeps
the muscle -up, with variety enough
to satisfy smw-town hotel boarders j
_se.ryed_;'V--with; scrupulous regard to
cleVuiliiiess^ahd rio waiting���Mrr Oulett delivers the. goods and ".always
looks happy. The beef consumed
totals three carcasses a. week for the
camps and cookhouse/7nhd there is a
generous���supply of vegetables, as well
as pie and cake To? dessert the day we
happened in.
With the animals almost 200 tons
of hay will be required this year. Of
this about 90 tons have come from the
warm the company operates at Canyon"
City, aud the balance is bought
locally as far as possible. A carload
of oats conies in regularly every two
months, and just as often comes a'car
of flour and other feeds. 0**},top of all
this Fred Waylett is conducting'tho
company store which has a turnover
of $30,000 a year.
The general supervision of the mill
is under Tjon Faulkner, who has fl led
the position admirably for the past
three years. It was built in 1909, but
barring a few months in the winter of
4012-13 never lias the placo been the
scene of so much activity. The caterpillar engine was purchased, in 1911
but was not gener-illy used until last
year. It is propelled by what is known
as ditillate a sort of gasolene,,of which
it tises up about 20 gallons daily. A
new departure of the company this
year will be the immediate installation of a lath mill. This ��� will be kept
busy largely on the slabs and edgings
that now go out into tho burner and.
are reduced to ashes. Of course, the
company have for some years operated
of 50,000 bbxes: of ,thd yarious kinds in
dsKsahd. I Alt-hoEgh the firm has been
operating since 19091, on a fairly large
scale it is/estimated there is still
enough standing timber to keep .the j
mill cutting for five'.years more at the I
same output as obtains at present.
In closing it is gratifying to know i
that the company I is not. operating
with a viewto "cutting' off thatinrber.
and . abandoning the property they:
have acquired. Already almost 1200
acres of their land is under cultivation,
and such.ranches as Huygris & VanAckeran. F. I Knottv Campbell Blair,
Hilton Young, A. D: Pochin and
others demonstrate that the soil is
gene'rally ideal for ranching phrposes.
"With this fact; demonstrated the
company plan to work into a largo
sized .farm, specializing in purebred
cattle ami sheep, and taking on alfalfa
raising as a commercial proposition.
Some headway; has * been made along
this line already. At what is knewn
as "the farm" is now to be seen 10
head of-i-egistered.Hoistein" cattle as
well -is seyeral gr.ide animals, 40 sheep,
and half that many pigs. At the Yale
camp there is now^ 2700 acres fenced
iti^of which 80 were cropped tol hay,
and at which point" "tbey \ are feeding
almost a dozien; head of cattle. That
there- . should rl be money on such a
place: righily/ conducted i3 - evidenced
ti-r^he<fy��*&i&&ni- e^*ristnaa^ time the
if. <l5urns Co. paid the firm .$li.5Q
each for two of the 1916 spring lambs
grown at this farm.
iAt least one of the two working
members of the Canyon City Lumber
Co. needs no introduction to Review
readers. He is CO. Rodgers, who
has supervision of all the operations
in these,, parts. With him is associated D.W. Briggs of Portland, who is
known to some of bur readers as well.
Mr. Rodgers is a practibal lumberman,
who learned the business through no
small, amount of hard work and bad
luck in both the bush and mill, as well
as on the selling end, and development in the lumber end of the firm's
activities at Canyon demonstrate that
he has the right grasp of the many
ramifications of the lumbering game,
while the generol appearance of the
ranch and farm properties under his
direction also show that he is equally
at home and successful in this regard.
Iu these .days when communities
are shouting foi* payroll and agricultural expansion both : in the same
territory, the Canyon, City Lumber
Co. is rendering the rYalley a service
which at times is altogether to slightly appreciated. To really appreciate
tbe extent of their activities a visit to
their various camps and farms, as
well us tho mill, is necessary. Here's
hoping sleighing will be available until April 1st. That mill payroll means
much to Creston's prosperity and
Division II.���M. MacKenzie,;Tea��her.
Piipils attending duriag month, 30.
Average daily attendance, 25.
Pupils making perfect attendance���
Almeda Attridge, Eva Holmes, Eunice
Moore, Lionel Moore, Annie Maione,
Francis Pow, Joe Romano, Eva Webster, Louise Bevan, Prank Romano,
Marguerite Crawford. '
Promotions to Junior. 4th���Eunice
Moore, Francis Pow, Susie Hurry,
Agnes Hobden. ...    -
. Standing of rsupils���-Junior 4th���
Frank Romano," Ruth Compton, Almeda Attridge.
Senior 3rd���Louise Bevan, Teresa
Maione, Ruth Lidgate.
Junior 3rd���Ma'rgueritte Crawford,
Harry Compton, Alta. Attridge.
Division III.���Miss B. Hurrp, Teacher!
Number attending, 34.' ���
Average daily attendance, 32.
Perfect Attendance���Eyelyn Bevan,
Alfred Boffey,  lyin Compton,   Edith
Crawford,     Charles   Holmes,    Elson
Lidgate, Keith   Lidgate,   Frank Mai
One, Robert Moore,
Pow,   Merle   Reid,   Louise   Romano,
Forestry^ iDraft Sb M
Down to Drilling
Eoy Pease, Cyrus
! ^ow, _ merle Keid, Louise Rom
Beatrice Seofct, Donald Spiers, George
St. Jean, Amey Walmsleyv Gladys
Webster, Donald Young, Herbert
Manuel, Fred Boffey, Jennie Belanger.
Bert Quist.
Promotions���(Names given in order
of merit): From Junior Second Reader to Senior Second Reader���Roy
PeasTe, Merle Reid, Gladys Webster,
Robert Moore., Evelyn Hurry.
:From Senior First Reader to Junior
Second    Reader���Amey     VV^
Frank Maione, Louise Romano, Evelyn.
Bevan,. Beatrice Scott,  Fred Boffey,
Elson Lidgate, tNellie Adlard..
From Junior Eirst Reader to Senior-
First Reader���-Edith Crawford, Freddy Payne, Ivin Compton, Donald
Y.oung, Walter Scott, Donald Spier,
George St. Jean, Keith Lidgate.;
B:   Hardnu
Division   iv".���
���teacher.      > :
Number attending during month 37.
Average daily attendance, 29.3S.
Perfect Attendance���L.esiie Boffey,
Fredrick Christie, Marion Learmonth,
Reginald Smith, Gordon Spiers, Gil-,
moure Taylor, Dudley Wilson, Louise
Ross."   . "'���' '. "A.
Promoted from Second Primer to
First Reader���Ralph Christie, Mar-
.guerite Benney, Gilmoure Taylor,
Lily Wilson, Gordon Spiers. Hurry
-Sjimth, Hai-ve-jrr Gobbett; -'Dudley
."Wilson..    ",: i;'.; ":,  -���������a^ - \"'^.;";"
Promoted to Senior Primer���Olwen
Evansj Joyce Moore. Henry Webster,
Albert .Maione, Albert Sherwood,
Alva Quist,' Annie Smith, Edna
Nichols, Leslie   Boffey, Lionel Beeby.
Promoted to Senior First Primer���
Marvin Little, Marion Learmonth,
Fred Christie, Charles Moore, James
Promoted to Intermediate First
Primer���Edith Wilson, Charles
Cotterill, Louise Ross, Catherine
Embree, . Lloyd Cooling, Reginald
Sinclair Smith, Donald Turner. Edith
' ?}A,t:.%M
M*P*P*'& Visit
John Keen, M.P.P., of Kaslo, was n
visitor here Friday and Saturday,
meeting the Liberal's at an informal
gathering in Speern* Hall on Friday
night. During his stay he went pretty
thoroughly into the valley's needs in
the way of public woi-Uh, and to he
Hiiro to have hit* applicatiun in to the
different dopartmentH for considcra
tion he I" lenvinfj for Victoria, today
or to-morrow for tht. legislative session
which openn on the 28nl. There is, of
course, nothing definite iih to who will
be selected speaker, but all the visible
Indications are tha Mi*. Keen will be
elevated to that position when tho
legislature convene**.
Owing to a small epidemic of coughs
and colds . -unnng the pupils the
'number malting u perfect attendance
at Erickijon Hchool in much Hiimllci-
than usual, though thc average at
tendance bf 111 lo very creditable for"
.January. TIioho pr<*ncut every school
di��.��' ���"������������<,; R��>n trie, .Tallica lind Robert
Dodds, and Harold |><��w. Tho flat-in
**iiindlni/H for the month arc:
Fourth Header��� Mabel VVaii-en 72,
Mary Dew 00. Beatrice Dodds till,
VVaiU'.r I'^��uk IS?.
f\t,nhtv    Third    Arthur      Dew     HO,
Gerald Timmons 53.    Junior  Third-
Aulirey  Kemp   58,
Robert Dod<ls 50.
Second Reader-
Teddy Staples 00.
Ernest Stinson 50.
Dick   Penson 57,
First Render���Harold Dew 9H, Ivan
Staples 91. John Kemp 80, Both Putnam 80, Mollie Kemp 72, Joan Craigie
Second Primer���Hilda Harding R0,
Delia   Warren   78,
Stuart Penson 50.
First.    Primer-
Bm.1SiS$Bi��g & Flucnc:
J. S. Deschamps, the. Nelson tiawmill
man, who is operating on a limit on
the Canadian side near Port "Hill, was
here the lattor part of the week.
With him was W. H. DcWolf and L.
LCiHi, two Ci-aubrook v\\'t\ i-iif-jii.i-i.i,
who wore looking over the -,eene of
logging operations. Owh.g to too
little snow Mr. Deschamps has decided to Hume bin logH into the Kootenay
River for tow to Nelson where they
will he Hiiwn. The flume will he almost
two milca In length and will he constructed forthwith.
C��w,v i^uihir.ii,, ,* ,,t... V..:.\-a r.".v.c!����*r,
may invent in an uuto truck to haul
ltiij unlk and f��uiu fir-oduce to town.
He claims the having i'�� wagca and
Iioi-ho feed will make the invent .ment.
a paying om for him.
Creston January
���*    1 1
More Bints Here
A group of curious birds was observed around town on Friday. They
were almost as large as robins and sab
around on clumps "of trees, twittering
and apparently greatly pleased with
life in general. Their broawts were
yellow, and thoy apparently belonged
to some species of wild canary. These
same birds were seen in Kaslo tho
early part of the week and possibly
headed'this way on advice that John
Keen was about to pay the Vallev a
visit. ������Landowner" is curious ' to
know if any of the birds were seen
the neighborhood of the ferry.
Ladles, Attend
Division    I.���High    School���R.
Masterton, Principal!
Number actually attending III.
Number daily present 28.02..
Percentage, 93.20.
Perfect, attendance���Ropo Cherrington, Mabel Craigie, Vida Gobbett,
Harold Goodwin, Orir. Hayden, Erma
Hayden, Muriel Hobdeii, Mabel Huscroft, Lyda Johnson, Ray McKelvey,
Morgan   Peano,
Margaret   Webster,
��� Knott.
Harold Gobbett, Mu
Entrance���Katherlno Moore 97",,
Frimees Lyne 89, Muriel Hobden 70
Morgan Pease 70, Audrey Attridge 70,
iio.se ChtTrhiglo*j 7!'. M.-.b.**-! Crnl^le
70, Ray McKelvey 70...Vivlanne Moorn
75, Orin Hayden "72, E*4'*Na McKelvev
711-2, Paul Stinson 401-2, Hazel
Hobden 40, Myrtle Smith tu 1-2.
Preliminary High Hchool���Lillian
Oherritmtoh 55, Marion Swunson 55.
Harold Gobbett 50, Juiiich Cameron
Ml, lluth" KlingenHinttb ,V), Harold
Goodwin ��0.
Advanced Tli.rh Scbiiol ���Muriel
Knott 100, Margaret, J. WebsterW>,
.Icnnln Nichols 1W, Mabel Huscroft 90,
Edna Jlalmwi 75, Lyda .lohnson 70,
Kfinn, Hayden (Ml 2-3, Vida Gobbett, 50.
licrtha Pwftiiio Jim l-Ji.
All the ladies interested in the work
of thc Red Crofts Society aro reminded
thai, a uii-iethig Sg to be held ?n Rpners*
Hall on Tuesday afternoon next afc
8 o'clock for the purpose- of organizing
a regularly constituted branch of the
Canadian Red Cross Society. At
present tho locnl organization is an
������auxiliary" only to theoriginal society.
A complete statement as to the nd-
vantagoa of organizing a regularly-
constituted branch will be presented,
and if the vote Is favorable to tho
change it will be made effective. All
who possibly can should bo at
The only thing lacking now'to putli-
the    finishing "touch    on    Creston's
miniature .military camp appearance';
is the necessary equipment particularly for the fitting up of sleeping qnar- .-;!
ters. and the necessary uniforms.'
Already 25 men have enlisted here
and in spite of the rather uncomfortr 1;
able quarters   and mess are making I
the best of the situation and commenc-I
iug last Monday daily drilling started,-1
���with   Lieut.  McLean  of Bonnington *l
Falls   in   charge ""of., the  squad,   the^
lieutenant arriving on Saturday.        ;l
Seyeral   other   local   citizens   have ;
qualified for the draft but' wiii hot P.
come  into   quarters until the equip- ���
ment. is here and the buildings they ;
are to occupy are fitted  up.    Along:I
with  them  will   also cqiue about 25II
from   the   Morrissey   carnp' and   the
vicinity of Fernie,   while still another .'���
25 ov 30 men are at Bonnington awaiting orders to join  the company here.;
Along wibh   Lieut. McLean'arrived!;
orderly    room    sergeant    Randolph :
Stuart, who has   charge of the offlc r'P.
work   for   the   drafts    Sergt.  StuartaPBm
held  a  similar post at the Morrissey I
camp   and  his appointment- to   that:
post and a place with  the corps is sV:
popular one.   Cf course; ��� this is only
natural asr the sergeant is an old nevys-.
paperman,    having   been    identified
with daily and weekly publications in
the Okanagan.  Boundary and Kootie--
nay country   since the early nineties.
His latest effort in--this line was thei
Morrissey Mention,  a weekly   paper-  	
gotten out at the camp which enjoyedV'p$P$.
possibly the largest circulation of any    "5':'
paper in Canada   amongst the men at:
the firing line. '
Thei-e is one of the regulars absent'".
Trohi drill this. week in Pte. L. For-I
restry, who is laid up at his home in
town with a bad case of measles���
though nob of the German variet
'-���������; Chef Fraser's efforts in the dining   a^
room   have   been ablp seconded '.this^l^i
w eek   by   donations   of' pies,   cakes,!s��|^i
pickles^, jams,  preserved fruits,  etc.!��ol!*Sf
froni Messrs^ Doyle, Hayes, i-Forrester/stlt
a*nd  Glazier.     While    cook   FraserVx?li|w|
meiiu is a very satisfying one theselMfei
extras iti'the;line^^bf thetonie cooking5|wp^
ai*a very mueh appreciated, es^eial!y"^||i
under the rather primitive conditional^!
at   present . existing   at   the   dinihgill^sf
quarters-    We feel sure  we only-ineie'dSsii^S
to mention this detail   fco our readers||jf$|
to assure the men of the -forestry;draft^||
a fairly good supply <if these home^gSf
made side lines that always fit inI'wel.r^��$
with the ordinary camp bill o' fare.   ;
Enlarging a   little   further in this
direction we would like,  to also point
out that gifts of  magazines,  papers,
and ih fact anything in the way of
reading matter will also be appreciat-:
ed by the-men, or any thing else that;
will tend to help make- the hours Dass
pleasantly and profitably to the meii/i;ISJ
while   in  qiiai-ters.   These little   de-.I. '   -1
tails have always had the attention of-p
citizens in other places where troops;
have   been quartered,    and   Creston I
can  hardly afford   to  be: less gener- ,
ous than such places as  Fernie, Cranbrook and Nelson  have shown  themselves.
And   dwelling still fur.tner on thev
subject citizens should ' at once begin
to bestir themselves tb; the end that
the soldier boys may have a good line
of social   entertainment during their
stay in our midst.    Major Mallandaine
has been progressive enough  to have
Creston made a training centre   and
he and his officers can be relied upon
to deyelop a corps that will bo worthy
of fchis section.    It Is up to the citizens, on their part, to-eee that insofar;.,���.
as possible these men go away saying,!^*;!
"Happy to meet, sorry to part, happy ^ '
to meet again," after having enjoyed
tho very bout Creston   can   offer  in;
private and public hospitulity  in the ^j
line of concerts, and entertainments
of every possible  sort.    For  the men
who go* on overseas service fche best in
none  too good in this  regard.   The
Women's and Farmers' Institutes, the
board of Trade, the lodges, the church
and   other organizations,  should   be,
gobbing busy forthwith.
Allies mtsiBseers
&$uQsrtE(Dmg Btfesoo
Tho Inaugural meeting of the Cren
ton Hoard of Trade will be held on
Tuesday night in Uic board mom ov<-i-
apecTH' fifcora There is every Indication that ho-sural of .(.ho iv, v.:,,-.:; -,d
moves to take care of returned soldiers
as well as aftor-the-war agricultural
development can, If Intelligently kept
tab on, be made of tromondooH benotlfc
to the Oreston \ alley. Tim board can
help l,r��mei-idon��ly in this good work
If It hiiH'a wufllcloncy of innmbeiH who
will inte.rorit thennielvoH In ita work.
Como out. Oil lUCHUay iiiniu. ami umt'ii
acquainted with the plana for 11)17.
Now that, the ntcmhci-rVip in down U>
$5 a yoar most every man in thcHii
pnrltt iihould be a meniber.
A pretty featuro to  tho St.
bine's night masquerade ball
Hall     ""
.. . in thi<'';!
Parish Hall will bo a couple of Beta of.
lancers by   eight couples  attired. In
costumes characteristic of the nations*"'
of (be Allies in the present European
war.   For   gracefulness    nothing  in
biillroomdom can  quite equal a woll-
executed   sot of   lancers,   and   when
added   to  this  you   will  have  muT�� ..
range   of   contuming    ��ih   the   Allied
ualionai garb pei-miiti of,  cJoiuotiioiH
decidedly pleasing can  '
be veiled upon
Since April 1st police   court nru'H at
Cranbrook amounted to $12tO,    In tho
same period the chief of police
ed milfcl in dngtaxoH.
Thu Penticton hospltnl almoMt,
broke even h\'A ycrir. The deficit, for
Uui twelve moiiUiB wati '^05. All (old
01 patients were treated. plfl  mmp-  SwllCSi--. i'.'Pi-  ftiflwseiv - -  UmpP  ���������   - .       . .:;,���������������������������<���������;;���������;.������������������������������������ .'���������"^.'-"-,.-' "       .    v   '���������/������������������'.C^  ������H& HEvjjSW. CBjESTOH, B. a .       ��������� ���������.       ;  ---^^ ' ;������������������  M^'l-  mrtKu".".' -  mz"-A  Iwm.  li  ft  ft  iSwrf.;----  t^l*(v;:-  HM-.i-:  tMXr  fei-:  jfe-v  K  p.-  ;'t'  >:���������������'���������-.  *>*&S:'  :-������������������������*���������������������������  1^*1  IS-  ,.7m-*nr,������ .Tr****ejgie<������.^aaaMw*u^������jatti  ���������  A BKIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  1������ CENTS Fia FLUQ  3C  I ticipaiit would-be. very unpleasant m-  i deed.   Daphne saw lhat slie bad made  | an   impression,     and   she  helped  i effect of it by a little coaxing.  "Oli, there's i\ dear, deai" Pen!  PENYWERN'S  u/icr  ������������irs-  good oi you  to give way  lr  1QRONTO  Continued.)  I'm not pair's' to give w*.'..*.,'  | *4'aii  -stubbornly.  j     She  pressed   bis   hand  :;0!xil>"  ihcr  arm.  1     "Yes, you aro.    Von know  \ ou i-i\i-  miscd,'^ whispered  she.  ,;      He yielded.  "All right," said he.  Manlike, having: ouee made up hi .-v.  mind, he acted with Tire and fury. Ik-  dragged her across-the **.tu.s$ ami up  lhc steps, and ill rough tho house at  such a rate. that. Daphne panted tor  breath,    Thev passed Lord  fiedworth  sequence,, had been talking faster  and more inconsequent ly than ever,  the j Yofc from her .seat under th-i Japanese, umbrella, aud making au excuse  to Lady Bedworth, tripped across thc  lawn towards Sir Penywern, to a sic  what had become of Daphne.  'I've, had to  lake  her back to thc  J l'i*.  * ho  wuh  War'a Bravest Hero  i  Among the Two Hundred Odd Who  Have Won the V.C. Since 1914. /  Who Was He?  Is our greatest hero thc man  who  has "seen red" or thc man   vvith  thc  trap,"   said   Sir   Penywern,  "as   she's   ice:cool brain?���������or    is he somethir.g  not   feeling very well.     The  sun,     I   between thc two?  think,     and   the.     ponies   pulling     so  hard."  (To Ue  well.     The  sun,  ponies   pulling  Continued.'"!  ������  V Metis Sharpshooter  Daphne   looked  up  at  him    ..iin   a   looked at htm  over his  on  ihe.  icrrace,  and     Sir   Penywern  -I....-,.-., j-i������  shoulder and  not xvell. I'm  lance tnat struck a. ."hill at. his heart, i said briefly: "My wife's  There   was   110   indignation   in   it,   no j coming back."  affected surprise; only a dull re sip-j Then leavin;;" Daphne. Irembling  nation which made him understand j and pale in tne motor car, Sir Feny-  tluu   she   accepted     the   verdict,   tui-lj wern dashed back to meet his host.  thai she felt  "No. d  uo::  iautt.     tt ���������? t ^  have known/"'  "Known what?"  "That  she'd  hear  hoar* every thing."  "But   ihe   has   no  she deserved it.  shc said.  noi  !.ad\  Duchess's  we in������i  ���������IcrJVsiT  'T"  VU1  ne;  grass, so  a  Of course   Lord   Bedwortb  had   m  'You know! the. meantime made a magnificent at-  1~*   . .1... ^^tl,'c.   !   t-������-������TfJ1%*   "J*-    .os?.*'*<-fc*v ������    K-jlf-    l\r.   .-.,-v-Jlljl     cj^rj-rf *"������-  .iJ ..\* j.  .-'. i..-,;-��������� ~J -"J.*-   -~~      \-o ^ .* t',.- ,     ^J .. v    .**,..     - ^- *.- -*     .. *. -~. . ���������   -  hi i ly hope to ^et far without    actually  { taking-  to   his   heels,   so   the.   baronet  ; caught him up just na hc reached the  !��������������������������� I edge of the lawn.  j     The two men were old friends, and  mi-:.Sir  l'enywern     made  uo     .scruple  of  ; seizing" him by ilie arm, ar.d drawing  ���������rere   sauntering  across  the ; away from safety and the hidies.  lowlv that thev coald keep!     "Come, Bedworth,  I must have  .in  uu;*;,  Nephew of I^ouis Riel Accounted for  Thirty Germans Before They  Got Him  "This rifle was used by Sniper :\o.  1295, Pte. V. Riel (nephew of Louis  Kiel ,o������ the Riel rcbellioij), 8th Battalion (90th Rides) 1st Canadian Division, B. E. F. With it he accounted  f  between thc two?  Two cases instinctively come to  mind which serve as admirable illustrations of the two extremes In all  lhc role there is no more striking instance of a man earning the V.C. by  hot-headed valor than that:of thc former Lance-Corporal ' O'Lcary, who  rushed to the front and nimself killed  five Germans who were holdinjr the  first barricade, after which he attack  cd a second barricade, about sixty  yards further on, which hc '-aptnred.,  after killing three of the. enemy and  making prisoners of two more.  Now, contrast that with one of the  \*ery    latest winners,  First-class  Boy  *.Jj\J.->C)J.JiJ-,3.  .���������j^-iiv'  exc*--* .*���������������������������:  protested  ��������� or  he.  hem   an-.*!  }q)---z   distance   between  the -"croup.  Bnt Daphne knew better than her  husband how such a story <t$ that  which was current about Redgrange  Hall must affect a won:?.:: of ihe Duchess's  type.  She would look i-pon herself as  bound to exercise her power as public censor against a woman ovcr  whom such grave _ char-ges_hung as  those connected with thc disappear-  of Rathbone.  Jtnce  Daphne  called  herself  kIioi ior  JL   k������tut.\.  This is the inscription engraved or.  a silver plate on the butt cf a rifle  which is on exhibition in ihe window  of the British Columbia budding in  Loudon, England.   Capt. M. A." Fiset,  action, with tiie gun crew dead    and  wounded all around him.  Bctw;een this gallant Irishman and  thc sixteeu-year-old English boy  there stands another type���������the type  represented    by  Lieut.  Lecfo Robin-  allowing herself to be brought to Old  Stone Court, and realized at once, m! place  its fullest force,  the weight-of  scandal and disgrace which she must be?.r  henceforth in hcr husband's county..  She  stopped  short suddenly.  "You  go  on/'  shc  said.     "I'll     go  back."  But Sir PenvAverii would not allow  thi p.    His blood was up at the slight j damned  put upon his wife, and not even upon   them!  Iter  whispered entreaty that, for her  ���������xplanation," he said, sharply. ' What  does this mean? Lady Bedworth has  insulted my wife. Daphne is knocked over altogether by it. Comc, what  does it mean?"  Brought to bay, Lord Bedworth  turned and  faced his  friend.  "Why do you ask me .what it  means?" he demanded desperately,  "when   you  know?"  "Exolain, please."  "Must i> It will be devilish awkward for m*.th of us "Jf- I dol"  "Go on." v  ''There     arc  stories     all ovcr  the  You must know."  Sir Penywern paused. 1'hen he  said, in a less aggressive tone:  "Tell me just what stories vou have  heard."  "All right. But you must forgive  me if I make you very uncomfortable.   I can tell you it's made its all  meant.   It is too eloquent to need the   darkncss  fof   his   ffiant  addition of any words.    I btgr how  ever, that the press be good enough  to convey to the Riel family and all  the Metis nation my personal giief  and also mj*" profound admiration joi  this hero of whom the Metis nation  at large must be proud."  Private Louis Phillipe Riel enlisted  with the Little Brack Devils, the 90th  Winnipeg Battalion, the second da\r  the war was declared. With them lie  went over to England, aud there having given a demonstration of his abir-  ity as a franc-tireur was given carte  blanche as a sniper, and just as soon  as he entered the trenches with his.  unit began his work.    In letters sent  foe, and the  courage of a liou to tackle with his  puny . weapons the armament of a  Zeppelin. And then, when this lonely  hero had won his great flight, hc  could not help showing he was a boy  at heart by looping"the loop ns the  only .outlet for his joy! In Robinson  \ve_ find the calm courage that can  wait and thc indomitable pluck that  can  strike.  He is this war's greatest hero.  That is a great thing to write cf  any man. It means tliat his courage  surpasses lhat of such mca as. Corporal Angus, -who rescued a wounded  officer   after  beirfEr   wounded   himself  uncomfortable      lo      hear  sake,  he  would  not  press the point,  availed against his obstinate /esolve  to challenge the attempts to -.mub  her.  ''*I\To," he said. "Wc won't be sat  Sipon like that. We'll makc hcr come  cut into the open, at least."  "You'd better not. You'd . better  take it quietly, pretend not to notice  anything," urged Daphne, in a low*  voice, with great earnestness. *'I  think she's justified, I do indeed. And  with the old Duchess there, too. You  can't brave her. She could kill us  both by a look. Take mc an:ay, ar.d  then comc back and say I'm not fcel-  Pcnywevu,  "Fire    away," said Sir  planting* his  feet firmly.  "The story is that���������Oh, confound  it! I can't sayr it. No, dash it all,  I can't."  He was meanly trying to edge  nearer to the tea-tent." But he was  not allowed to do so. Suddenly Sir  Penywern dropped his ferocity, and  became another harassed man, like  his companion.  "Out with it. I want to know the  vcrson that���������that's got about."  "Confound it, Tradescant, you  ought to look after your wife brttei.  She does thc maddest things, can't  think what's she's been  doing. They  School, Riel is said to have disregarded pottisg Germans who were in  the trenches.    His chief vvork was to  for all for fourteen hours; oi Private  Miller,     who,     plugging    a     gaping  ing well.    It will "be quite true, and  say���������th���������-th���������they say that���������that  she  perhaps���������perhaps " ��������� her    voice J -murdered a man and���������and���������Oh, well,  r ���������   -       ���������*-���������-. ������it wjii! that's enough, isn't it?"  And the two men faced each other,  quavered  for  the  first  tim  make them feel sorry."  "No," said Sir Pcny w-rn - in a  fierce growl, as he put his hand  through hcr arm and clutched in a  strong grip. "I won't have you  suited.     I'll   give   these damned  wound in his body with his hand,  conveyed a message and dropped  dead when hc had delivered the. ie.-  ply; of Lieutenant-Commanders Eric  Nasmith. and Boyle and Lieutenant  Holbrook for their brilliant submarine feats in thc .Sea of Marmora; of  Lieutenant Warneford, the first Zeppelin strafer; and of the other airmen heroes, Second Lieutenant  Rhodes-Moorhousc (who dew 35  miles aftcr being mortally wounded)  and Captain Liddell (who took his  badly damaged aeroplane back <������������������ the  aerodrome    with     his     right     thigh  in~  ���������^I'l  woman a piece of my mind fust."  It was the first time in tier life ihav  Daphne had heard her Husband vsc*  such strong language, and she was  frightened.  Sobbing out piteously thc words,  "Oh, don't, don't!" she .shrank back  and left him no alternative but to  stop also.  Then for the first time he noticed  that Lord Bedworth, instead of going the whole way to the .rronp ot  ladies with them, had gone, back ic.  the terrace. Sir Penywern was filled  with a fierce delight ou perceiving  that be eould now pick a quarrel with  a man, instead of engaging in an un- }  equal and most certainly damaging  contest with a couple of ladies.  "I'll  go  and     speak to  Bedworth,"  lie   '*,aid,  angrily.     "But  first "  he  hesitated.     "Now  what  am   I  to  do  with you?"  '"Take me baek to the carriage.  Really, really, I'm uot well," \vhis-  p-Ted Daphne cntrcatingly.  Sir Penywern frowned.  Thi*. proceeding was not. at all to  liis lash-; n. .seemed to him ro be rc-  lifating before the enemy had done  more than open fire. But shc persisted:  "Don't you see they will onlv say  uior': things tu hurt? You wouldn't  like mc lo burst out cryiiur before  eviityhodv, would vou?"   >  "iM make .somebody else cry ii  th.y did," f,Tow!cd Sir Penyweni.  "Vr*;, and then: would lie 21 scene,  und a :;<aii<Ial. Oh, Pen, if we're to  he miserable anil disgraced, let r.s  bi-.ir it all I'liuily, and like decent  pi-j.plr. Duii'l, I pray and beg you,  let  us  have a  mtui-!"  The pleading v\.i:, j<oi,d. Certainly  th'-re.  uai,  nothing the  baronet  hated  very  of tho  . la.->t.  Thcy-  despcrate, ashamed,* and  .vuhotit further attempt to palliate the matter.'  "It's not true, you know," said Sir  Penywern at last, quite meekly.  "Of course it isn't. But how on  earth have you allowed such ;. story  lo get about?"  Sir Penywern, looking  gloomy, stared at the stones  terrace.  "It's a conspiracy," he *?aid  "That's all I know at present  'vc frightened her."  "And���������how about the man buried  in the wood?"  .Sir Penvwern frowned.  "There isn't a man buried in anv  wood, as far as I know," he said uneasily.  "Well, that's the story," said Lord  Bedworth, now able to speak out and  much relieved to be able to do su.  "That's what you've got to meet, and  if I were you I should lose no lb net,  in consulting your solicitor. Somebody is making a good thing out of  a very ugly story, and you are suffering for it."  locate snipers irom the German side  and bring them down.  ��������� One story of his keen sight and  ability to shoot straight is told ,vhen  in late April, 1915, he brought down  two German snipers within fiX'e minutes at a distance of about seven  hundred yards. There were men and  officers falling regularly on thc Canadian side in a certain section of the  trench. Riel was watching ibis spot  where the shots came from and decided that snipers were at work.  About seven hundred yards away h**  spied the tree and watched it for a  smashed) ~  minute, then deliber^te'v aitninrr   A,,.'      r\ .���������"_   **.���������*.  r> ,1 ���������..��������� ������  1       1 1 \x a xt     '--.*������������������c  ���������������        it means that Robinson j  ed and brought down the sniper, who  was in one of the lower branches.  Just as soon :*.s he had sv.ratched  another mark on his trusty rifle, he  levelled again aud from thc top of the  tree another enemy sniper tell to the  ground. The incident was noticed by  the officers and duly reported in dispatches. That night the .officers looked for Riel, but hc could not be  found. He had joined a raiding party of the Minister Fusiliers --ind was  out having his little time. The following morning hc reported and  proudly pointed to live additional  marks on his rifle.  is greater than that of the officer,  Victor Smith, and the private, Alc-  Fadzcan, who threw -themselves on  piles of bombs to save the lives of  their comrades; and of the Scottish  piper, Laidlaw,' and thc drummer,  Ritchie, who defied the ������:ncihy from  the top of the parapet so -is to cheer  on their own men with the sound of  their music.  These are but a few of.the parent  deeds which Lieutenant Robinson ha;i  eclipsed.  Lloyd George  His    Compelling   Magnetism, Which  Has Gained for Kim Empire-  Wide Recognition  From the first announcement oJ  the British Cabinet crisis the figure:  which has stood most illuminated-by-  it was that of Mr. Lloyd George-, who  has accepted the task. He has been  the centre of an Empire-wide attention. Mr. Lloyd George, at fifty-  three, exercises today in the wider  arena of international politics tha  same compelling magnetism as fca  has so long had over his own Welsh  nation- For he is the embodiment  and the product of the newer Welsh  movement of a nationalism ^ which  shall recognize in Europe thc inalienable right of the smaller nations to  live and to fulfill their own c*-stinj*v  unmolested so long ������s they are loyal  to the community and the spirit of  civilization.  ..Lloyd George was first heard of ia  Parliament   for  his   irrepressible   delight in being a pro-Boer v/herr Tliat:  was   the   blackest   sin  that  ."-ould be  ascribed    to    a   British   patriot.     16  would be overdrawing the picture to  paint him as  foreseeing  the  present  fine stand    of those South     Africa's  Boers.   If there is one thing in whicli  Lloyd George erred it  was in a fla*  inabilitv  to  foresee that war In   .' u-  rope    had been    inevitable    for    tea  years past.    Yet when it came, thai  overwhelming   avalanche   of August,  1914, he w-as among the quickest to  realize    its fearful    vastness, and, recovering from the recoil with : -������ imagination  and  a projection  into  the  future  which  only  a  Celt  could  accomplish,   he   set   about   the   concentration     of  British  strength.     He i*s  credited with having been tho-one to  suggest    that   'Kitchener    be      *������le5*  back from his Egyptian voyage.    All  know  that was tbe  first right tmug  iu thc  maa of mistakes and.cotnu- ,  r... ' ^   1      .. ������   T-!  .    J     ....... ~J.    -.���������f^t.lr    tmtmm  ine penou ot *���������<.=> v-*������i������vi ,���������v.������������v ���������x-  fore the war was one stroke of luck-  after another  He  was  in parliament  at  twenty-seven,  almost as  early -ws  age as Pitt.   That had come about 10  a combination of events which -.  ca������.  never    be    repeated    in    Wales,     A  Bethesda  quarry man had  died. -. -He  was  a  Nonconformist, and the tactless little vicar of the parish -had refused  him burial  in  the  consecrated  petrt of the Church of England gravej   ,  yard, the only one available.    Lloyd-  George headed the Bethesda quarry-  'men, strong-limbed men; whose pastime was' .to-fight    with the   -nakoa  kr^ck'C ou the Saturday And worship*-*^  God with improved fervor for it 01a   ^  the Sunday.   They rose in revolt, and  taking the law and the  canons ml������  their own  hands removed the count  and buried     it again in  consecrated  ground by* the side of the dead  -iau e  daughter.    The exhumation caused ������  great stir in Wales. The littlr-mmded  vicar- brought an action for trespass.  Lloyd George fought the legal battift  and won; hc fought it with still-more  gusto on appeal, and secured ;.t last  the  right  of  Welsh   Nonconformist  to be buried, with their own .rituaL  in    what   is    public   property.   And  Lloyd George became M.P. tor Carnarvon     Boroughs,    a    constituency  which--liter-ally worships him.*  a  one in  whieh the Duelws-, was  a p.u-  W.  N.  U.  1134  .Sir  Penywern  nodded.  "You're   right,"   he   said.      "It   will  have to come to that."  "You should have Liken .uKice beforo."  "Yes. In the hope of hitting lhe  scandal die down, I've let it grow."  "That's it exactly." There w;is a  pause. Then he. looked frankly into  the face of the other man. "I'm  damned sorry for you, Tradescant,"  he said hurriedly, in a low voice, "but  nothing like, as sorry for you as I  ani ior ytnir wile. Ji.y jo v.*, hor ia������'.c  ���������just now! ) can't get over it. \\M-  mcii i*;in be .such uViid.*;, e;..i"t tliey t  And the better they arc, why, the  worse* they are I  Eh?"  Sir Penywern nodded, lt was  i '.ninethinp; gained to have the <-pinion  ...I .iii.llui man upon di<: htihiiirs*.,  ami In iiiad" up hi:; mind at that. 1110-  incnt that, whether she lik������-d it or  mil, llriiiliiu' should \tr forn*il wiih-  mil furthi-r delay to allow him to rail  in ih������   lawyers.  In the meantime  l.ady Aerise, who  bud been on thorns, and who, In cou-  The Law's Fault  Gcordic had a small doy and was  summoned for keeping a dog without  a license. Hie pleaded it was only 1  pup.        ������������������  "How old do 3'ou say he i.*;?" asked the magistrate's clerk.  "Aa divvent knaa exactly," "eplied  Geoi-die.    "But he's onny :i pup."  Expert evidence, however, proved.  it to be a dog, and Geordic was duly  fined. As Geordic was leaving the  court he'turned to his wife ; nd remarked:  ***  "Hang me if Aa ean understand it.  Aa said the seyni thing- last year, and  the year before, and they let me off.  Noo they fine, me, Aa suppose somebody's been messiu* about with the  law!"���������Newcastle   (Eng.)   Chronicle.  English Farm Labor Situation  English farm correspondents of  Farmer and Stock Breeder J eel aro  that if there is nny further drain upon farm labor for' military p.tiposcs,  production of foodstuffs next year  will he less than thc low record of  1916. One. English faruie;*, with ISO  lure-: hi j^i.uii erop.-*,, -',:\\:, hi;, luirvivv  would not all be in yet bi.it for the  lw.lI��������������� *.���������;"ivv.ii i:i !sa;vo.-'lirj-;; by thc local  curate and schoolboys.  Canada May Come to Bread  Made ot Whole Wheat  Teacher (endeavoring (.> get her  elass to understand the term "'a  CluUliaii name."); Wh.il'.s y...ur fath-  e-r's uai'ir,  Bonnie?  Beiinie:  Jouen,  the  same  as  nunc,  Teacher: Hut- what do.**.** your 1110-  1.1)er  call  your  father?  Hemic:" She don't call 'im olhin'  -  ..It likes 'imi  Says Charles R. Hunt, Wfco Ts Made  One of Commission 01*1 the  Bread Problem  Charles R. Hunt, _ of tlm f.rm oi  Hunt. Pros., millers, is on;.* of a commission of five Canadian millers c'ho-  fen by Sir George Foster to r������*o to  ringl.u.d io interview iho I5riti--:h  Cabinet in regard to tho. standard  bread, which Hon. Walter P, unci man  announced would be sold in lhc j.hi-  tish Isles after the lirst of Uic year.  Canada supplies a large amount c<  thc flour required for the old country. With the prospect*, however,  slight, of an embargo bdnn; placed  upon American foodstuffs, Lhe Britbu  president of the local r*roveriitn������nt  board decided to prcpjire for emergencies and to conserve the flour  supply as much as possible. Standard bread will bc something like  whole wheat; bread, :i lar**L* part oi  the bran being retained in the dour.  It is for the. purpose of having a suitable article sent from Canada that  the millers' commission has been  Hioeen.  "Wc may conic to standard broad  in Canada one of these day*;, :illhour>b  iIh.tc is no immediate prospect 01  it," s;iys������ Mr. Hunt,  Cominc Closer  "Do ,\oti think you will ever ov.'n a  ,-���������."  en--  "VV.liy  not?    The controlling  ciiinsiances are bound to meet."  "What do you mean.*'"  "Autos keep oeining down, and 1  Icerp savin;: up.'- -1 .ouisvilh; Courier-  Jounul,  The next outstanding incident in,a  meteoric career was the 3Cttlcniciij/  of thc threatened railway strike o������  1906, when he. was, President of the  Board of Trade. Mr. Gi*orgc-~for he  if������ not a "hyphenated"--was the., nest  Welshman to enter thc British Cat"-  in*t, his ingress being A striking tn-  btTte to thc then consolidating WcliU  parly, numbering thirty Liberals out  of thirty-four Welsh  M.P's.  In turn came the old-.igc cnsion  scheme, which brought the blessing  of thousands on his head. Thc Chancellorship of the Exchequer, with ta  deficit of over $75,000,000 to meet,  was a test. Mr. Lloyd George rose to  meet it worthily. He proposed ihe  super-tax, by which taxation waa  placed most heavily where there waa  most wealth. It won him the iasniiflj  admiration of the bold and thc poo������.  but the long and biUor reviliugs of  the  richer classes  The present war brought out again  the strong and virile in Mr. Lloyd  George. He :ilone has had the courage to tell the people fully what the  sacrilices must be. Ua it -was wtwu  first shocked us by saying that more  "ammunition was used at thc one  battle of Netive Chapellc than waa  consumed in the whole Jlaer'war.  He told first of all the demand o������  conscription in Britain.  ^ a 1.11 11    1      ��������� -i     "���������"��������� ��������� 11   ���������  Too Severe  "Doctor*. Your bur band n-vdi untnfl  ���������vood cserciso to restore him.  Mrs.  X: Lihe nhiym;; tfolf?  Doclor: More violent than that.  Mrs. X.: 1 have itl I'll send hiwt  down to make a few purchase!] at the  bargain    counter    during    the    ruatn  hours. -,,.,,,. .1  1.  Doctor: Oh, I didn't mean to kill  him.  1  Pretty  want a  home?  He: My 'l^r. ���������**���������>���������*��������� ,9 so ������ttdde������I  Sab-'-woiiian:     jjottt     jrv������m,  lalkin-r-maehiiie    in     your ff-������:i^ :'-~;';: "fTT^^ r*'-'--'-: '       -. ���������" ���������"-.'������������������" 'AAA-AAA-:'^'-:    . ii^^vvWIIii^S  '-,<���������*"  ;0iMiiBK^i(li^*Sl  ^     lv������suy'and Umcltty Cured wici,  EGYPTIAN LINIMENT  Pot Sale ty Ail Dealers  jWWG&as St Co,,. Fros-'ps.' napsaW.'Ofsi.  ! Soldiers Have Clothes  meat lAit;..  ,i abia Went Do^n  ������ue   Man   on   a  Raft   Sang   Comic  Songs as He Drifted Away  With a paddle for a banjo, one man  Bang comic songs and thumped  against ��������� the wood, with his fingers  for an. accompaniment as be sat on  st raft and drifted away -froni the  Arabia? sunk by a submarine in the  Mediterranean, November 6. In the  smoking room a moment before the  ���������shot from, the .submarine struck* another had just declared "No trumps."  Hc still held bis cards in his hand,  spread out in order, when the life-  woat in which he bad taken refuge  was rowed away from thc sinkiiijr  tressel.       '   .  ^ Such is the way r-eople act these  stays when they arc forced to take  to tiie open sea for their lives. There  ���������was no panic.  When the Arabia was bit the sea  was as smooth as glass. A man was  leaning over tbe. rail just above the  spot where thc torpedo struck.- He  called to his companions, "Come and  took at this silver streak." The next  itnstam the concussion came, a mass  ������f water splashed on deck," and the  man was thrown against the wall of  fehe smoking room and stunned.  This passengers quietly an'd quickly  l-fsut i Oh lifebelts and took. their  places beside, the boats in which  they were to leave the ship. One or  8wo boats were smashed in being  lowered, and the women and children were ushered to other boats by  ttlic men.' When the boats were;  Safely ridiug on the water the men;  ���������and women slid down ropes into  Ciheoa. Thc only mishaps were a  twisted ankle and the women's tender hands burned in the slide.  A nurse and a child were in a ca-  Ibin close to thes. side where the tor-  jyedo struck. Thc explosion smash-  ad the cabin, but the nurse crawled  ���������������ui of the ruins with the child. Both  ���������jyere^ unhurt. The ship's doctor was  in his cabin and was covered wi'fi  ���������splintered glass. 'He, too, was uninsured. In thirty- minutes ihe v.esscl  lyras abandoned. "  The Arabia sank gently. There was  eo great explosion, only two big  Sniffs" of smoke and soot. As the  inclination of the hull increased .ill  Boose objects slid down the decks to-  *svard the stern. The Arabia dived  cguietly. Pieces of timber, chairs and  saany light articles, including a cradle, shot vertically out of the water.  Then the only trace of the ship was  an. oily, sooty patch of ivater with  tharp "planks floating in. the ruiddlc.  ::';''-/;   -' Made & rom Paper  Is a Light Weight, Warm aiid Inexpensive Garment  . .One of the big paper .mills in  .France recently completed a scries of  experiments undertaken under thc.  auspices of the French Academy- of  Science.with the object of pi<->ducing  a paper which should bc suitable for  making underwear. After patient research their efforts were crowned  with success in the form of a paper  not only soft and pliable, but so  water-tight, antiseptic, tough and  durable as to be excellently fitted for  The Born Writer  AS}  H^������Z������5SS!SSZ������Zm?m  i.rt.t^T'**!  the basis of a new industry has th  ] been laid and that these warm, light  weight, inexpensive garments will be  in great demand in limes of peace.  The plastron is a garment generally worn over the shirt and beneath,  the suspenders, which hold it in position. Its weight is not morevthan  2.6 ounces, and when folded it takes  very -little .space, a great advantage  in a soldier's kit. It can be A7orn for  aboutf a month. - The gilet plastron,  or combination vest andy-pfestron, is  fuller and heavier. It is "-specially  designed for sentinels and men on  duty for long hours in the trenches.  It is tufted with a sort of cellulose  felt, wliich makes it exceedingly-  warm. At the same tiir^e its com  position is such that vermin find no  shelter in its .folds, a matter of vital  importance to the men to whom the  bhe of a parasite may mean infection  I with  the  dreuded t^"ohus fever.  Then there is the gilet,' oi- waistcoat, without the.plastron, a garment  intended for general use by sportsmen ������������������ hunters, fishermen, motorists  and aviators.  F<sf  making"  soatp, ... __  Por soften- KlfsssE  water. . " -   g] ^ _  Far   r*movli������sr Egj *^"������^-������������������  psalsst.  For dltlnfeetlns;  re-frl������:Qra.tore,  ���������infest closets*  drslnoandforSOO  other purposes.  REFUM 8oa������YITOT������S.  making vests  and plastrons  for sol  diers.     In   fact,   it   is  predicted  that | Londoners   FoffCefl. t������ GrOpC  thus 1  i  A  Fog So  Dense and Black There  That People Became Lost  London recently experienced its  first dense fog since the war lighting, ov rather darkening, order came  into force. It was, perhaps, one of  the worst fojss that ever enveloped  the metropolis.  It was thick and black ar.d grimy*,  and ��������� a     peculiar    feature    was     its  The Literary Gift Is One Which  Not Acquired *  The death of Jack London and the"  sketches of\his career occasioned by  his death present the picture of ri\  young man who saw with discernment the seamy side of life,,and the  adventurous side, and wrote entertainingly about what lie saw. The  late O. Henry's literary- product was  a result of his reaction lo conditions  1 hc encountered when hc left a  clerk's walk of life and thrust himself amid more colorful surroundings.  Such lives as those of Jack London and O, Henry incline observers  to the view that a writer still is called by writing, and that the .man  who sets out deliberately* to prepare  himseljf to make writing his calling,  selecting it as another man selects  law or medicine or mercantile life,  because of the opportunities it offers,  as judged by the results obtained by  its successful exponents, is likely to  prove a stodgy writer.  Laurence Sterne was a fiddling,  bookish convivial, obscure country  parson at 47  when a     single     book  There is no more effective vermifuge on thc market than Miller's  Worm Powders. Tjhey will nol only-  clear the stomach and bowels of  worms, but will prove a very service-,  able medicine for children in regulat-sthe blind    leading  - 3/Rnard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  BifficultJtoivLetters  To Follow Wounded  "Explanation of Delay in Postal Service to Canadians in Europe  A letter appears in Thc London  Times'from Rev. Frank Leight, of  Hcspeler, Ont., complaining of delay  an delivering letters to _ Canadian  wounded from friends iri Canada.  "'One of my sous was wounded at  Ypres in June and the other at tho  Somme in September. The latter  bad no word from home fvom mid-  Scpterabev to mid-November, thougn  iiiraself able lo write weekly. lie  was at Etaples a mouth, at Nottingham about a month. v Though wc  wrote at first througli the army post  office and afterwards directly to him,-  Be got not a word from home; and  ��������� the other for nearly* two months wa;-.  without letters, though a note was  ttent to England."    -  The Canadian Press iiiqairies reveal that. when a man is wounded,  letters for liim arc sent to the Postal  .Department al the Canadian Record  Office.., Their difficulties arc coiisid-  eyablc'in following the migrations of  wounded ,, front one hospital to an-  cther. For instance, they will rc-  miaui'biit one day at a cevtain hospital, two days at another, and so on.  JEvcry effort is made to deal cxpo-  clitiously wiih mail iu such cisas.  Corre������spond<**nis iu Canada, however.  Bciul letters by the. hundred with such  ���������add^cssc'v as "John Smith, care of  Army Post Office, Loudon," whereas  the Army Post Office so far as F'ng-  Eaiul is concerned, is nou-cxistcnt  soul applies only to lhe army in th'*-.  ��������� field. The greatest care should be'  ���������"taken to have the man's regimental  Slumber plainly indicated. Tin* i*x-  ttraordiuary congestion in all brauch-  "������.s of the J.i.jiu M;rvk'i:, i.ivil and niili-  ttary, ought also to be, borne in mind.  "Miss  Norah, if it wasn't  for Tir-  ���������reucc O'Brien lhat do be cooitiii' yo,I  j'd lu*  after bavin' sovncthiii'  to'suyj  to ye. mcsili" th' night." *��������� |  "It's very considerate yc are, Mr.  Mulligan, but did ye nivu* hear that  pri���������flint cc.nipany is always aeciptrdr"  ing- the infantile system and main  tabling it in a healthy- condition.  There is nothing in their composition  that will injure the> most delicate stomach when directions are followed,  and they cau be given to children in  the full assurance that they will utterly- destroy** all worms.  - Reinvesting1 -Profits'  Modern  Dairying   Need  No   Longer  Melan Drudgery  If the. dairy has been profitable  during the. last season, and it probably has, a portion at least of the  gains should be reinvested in 'the  equipment of the plant and thc complement of cattle, unless the business  is already one hundred per cent', perfect in this regard. Dairying* need  no longer mean drudgery, for the  drudgery part of it can practically  all be-done by machine. And it'need  ���������no longer be guess work, for modern methods, coupled with common  sense, have reduced -'the production  of profit to a mere matter of applied  arithmetic. The common knowledge  of scientific feeding and thc availability of practical information along  this line has made possible the maximum of production at the minimum  cost, and the Babcock test and the  milk scales can or will eliminate thc  unprofitable, animal. The constantly  increasing urban population provides  a sure market at good prices forj  years to come for the great essential  food commodities, milk aud its products, and there is every reason to  feef that now, more than ever be fort,  the dairy industry must thrive. For  this ^reason the reinvestment of profits in the rchabiliineut of the herd]  aud^ thc. bringing up to date of thc  equipment is the wisest plan the  dairy-mnn cau makc. ���������-- Successful  Farming.  BABY'S OWN TABLETS  USED TEN YEARS  Mi*:--, C. ]C. Stilwell, Wtnthropc,  Sask., writes: "I have used Baby's  Own Tablets for the past ten years  and have, found them so good for my|  little ones that If always keep a box in  the house." Mrs. -Stilwell i������ nc of  thousandp *>f mothers" wh'.> always  keep the Tablets on hand.' \0nce a  mother has used theni for hcr little  ones she would use noilrng clfui.  Thoy are absolutely free from opiates  and injuviouH drugs and cannot possibly do harm to the youngest child.1  They arc sold by medicine dealers :*>r  by mail at 25 cents a box froni" The.  | Dr. Williams Medicine Co., j.rock-  villo, Ont.  warmth  a fluffy overall. There were also  damp patches, and then it felt as  though one were running into a  newly washed blanket hanging1 out  to dry.  No one has^ ever seen London so  dark and looking so'weird, Vehicular traffic was entire!y suspended so  far as the ordinary services were  concerned. The dimmed lights of the  street lamps could scarcely be seen  a yard away. Trains were held ���������i.'jp.  Taxicabs were -as. rare as butterflies  in December.  In the west end; theatregoers* left  the theatres and restaurants, plunged  into thc black fog, and instantly lost  themselves. There were no omnibuses or taxicabs to take thenrhome,  p,n<\ it was next to impossible to find  "one's way to the tube stations without direction.     In most cases it  was  the blind.    One  It dune to wavru-ers like  dre,w hhli   Hp to the hdffhts of fame  it ctungto v>iyiarcrs  aiee|and made  him  a man ������awa������tcd     by  ���������nu i Ms Gaterifr  One efficient way to remove  nasal catarrh is to treat its cause  which iri most cases is physical  weakness. * The system needs  more oil and easily digested  liquid-food, and you should  take a- spoonful of  could uot see even a few feet ahead  InTrafalgar Square policemen acted as pilots to the few motor omnibuses and taxicabs that tried bravely  to make headway.  Thc fog" was uo less dense in the  suburbs than in central London. An  Enfield resident spent half an hour  crossing* to his home from that of a  friend, a distance of two hundred  yards. . A Stamford Hill resident,  who reached home safely, failed for  more than an hour to find hi^ house.  ���������-London Express.  Dread of Asthma makes countless  thousands miserable. Night after  night thc attacks return, -and even  when brief respite is given tiie mind  is still in torment from continual anticipation; Dr. J. D. Kcliogtfs Asthma  Remedy changes -all" "i his. Reliet  comes,-and at once, while; future a*-  tacks are warded off, leaving- thc afflicted one in .a state of peace and  happiness he once believed he could  never .enjoy' Inexpensive and sold  almost everywhere.  dinner engagements a fortnight  deep" wherever he went in . Europe.  The book so flagrantly violated the  Oiiventions of narrative writing that  Horace Walpole called it .a book  written backwards. Digression had  been called a distasteful, if not dis-|  qualifying, fault. Steme became  known as a master of digression. He  f trifled with his readers, And mocked  learning and its laws. He was able  to do so because .genius is not amenable to lav/.  Mark Twain, as everyone knows,  received a poor education and was  apprenticed to a painter,-" afterward  becoming steamboat pilot, a private  secretary, a miner, a provincial  journalist, before his flame oi genius  burned through the coating of circumstances which had made him "a  jack-of-all-trades, __ and revealed hhn  as a great humorist.  Tliere is a growing army of men  and women of good education and  comfortable financial situation who  select writing as a polite occupation  promising fair monetary rewards.  Those who peg^awaj' at it long  enough and hard enough manage, as  a rule, to get into the magazines, if  not to get a publisher of books to  discover them; but there remains the  pleasing view, and it hardly is illusion, that writers who command; a  large audience, through the medium,  of the genius of a Sterne, a demons, j  an O. Henry, or the talent of a Jack  London, will be always born to write  rather than made in college and finished  by  special   courses   in  writing.  after each meal to enrich your  blood and help heal the sensitive membranes with'its pure  oil-food properties.  The results of this Scoff's  Emulsion treatment will  surprise those who have used  irritating snuffs and vapors.  Get the Genuine SCOTTr  "It understand that youv daughter  is going to take music lessons."  "Not exactly," replied Farmer  Corntossel. "Wc haven't the. heart  to tell her that her voice, sounds terrible, so we're goiu' to hire a regular teacher to do it."���������Washington  Sta i*. i  to  Nearly-'.-all children are subject  worms, and many are boiu witii  them. Spare them suffering by tiling Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator, the best remedy of ihe kind  that can be had.  The Mineral Wealth  x    Of Northern Canada  Better Chances There Than Jn Airy  Other Country, Says Mining  President:  An emphasis on the importance o?  the mining industry in Canada was  laid by Mr. Arthur A.. Cole, president  of the Canadian Mining Institute, in  an address before the Empire Club  of- Toronto. "Only a small portion  of Northern Ontario has been prospected," he said. "From Cobalt to  the Arctic there is offered better  chances of obtaining valuable miner--  al deposits than iu any other country in the world."  Mr Cole quoted figures to show  that the railroads of Canada and of  the United States carried more mineral products than agricultural products. In Canada for six years up  to 1913 the freight from mines, in this  country more than doubled the  freight from the land, and ..manufacturing products were less than either.  Germany had gained so far :n this  war the Belgian coalfields and the  iron mines in Lorraine, and the loss  of both of them would mean hcr an -  nihilation.  Canada leads thc/world in her production of coal, asbestos, nickel. faTc,  feldspar, mica, graphite, silver and  gold. "With such a rich inheritance  we would be delinquent if :we did not  give it all the attention it deserves,"  delared Mr. Cole. In the past there  had been too little, co-operation between manufacturers and miners.  Mining was one of the basic industries, arid entered more or less into  the lives of everyone. It costs seven  millions per annum lo run Cobalt  camp, and most of that money came  to   Toronto.     Aud   Cobalt   was   onlv  Off  to  Old  Country for  Domestics  Miss Francis A. Bidon has returned  from a western trip cohering *hc  principal prairie cities, where she  met many ladies and received applications for domestic help. Miss  Biden is a born Canadian and has  spent all hcr life in Western Canuda.  It is hcr intention itnmediritely arrangements are completed in connection with her Winnipeg business  to leave for Great Britain early in  January, returning with a large party  of selected domestic"servants. These  of course, will all have been placed  before arriving. Miss Biden's city address is care of the Grand Trunk Pacific "^ity ticket office, 260 Pottage  avenue, Winnipeg, Man.  "Destroy the Whole Government"  Among a batch  of correspondence     ~   found among    the  German dead  on!.one of a group of mines  the Somme    are some letters    which j  show an altered tone toward the war.  Here is a sample:  "The war is a low, scoundrelly affair," writes a member of the 3rd  Ersatz     Regiment.       "The  $100 Reward. $100  The reader* of tlia paper ti-ill be pleoseJ  to   learn  that   tliere  ie   at  leant  one  dreaded  Government deceives ttie people. Une  f'lprtmn i ^j?*5?66 that science has been able to cure its  V      "      1 ������������������', "'J  otages,  and that  ia  catarrh  sees it very clearly in this   wholesale  murder.    One can hardly help being  ashamed of being a German since wi:  put up with this.    We must turn our  rifles round  and destroy     the whoic, os,,*fltinff nature in doiii* its work    tiie" pro"  government,     that gang have caused! prietoru have ������o much faith in the curativ������  u< to bc killed.     Remember this if I   powers oIHtH's Catarrh Cure that they offe������i  don't.come back,  dear Greta.     It is! W A*u������dr*;rt ������������������������������!������ f<?-\ ^ ������s<- *������ '������        Catarrh  beins greatly influenced by constitutional  conditions required constitutional treatment.  Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and  acts through the Blood on tho Mucous Surface*? of the System, thereby, deotroytng tho  foundation of the disease, giving the patient  ctrenqfth by  buildine up the constitution and  already quite clear that Germany is  losing, and getting* into a horrible  s.tate."  When Your Eyes Need Care  tt)'������������Murlii������.K,T0Mj*(Ut.|nc. "NoNnixrilnff���������Kcrla  armo���������Aof- A-'-'--   ��������������������������� -    **-  Woi** Itlyca  Srine ��������� Autn 'iiniuitly.' Try It fi.v lt><i; Weo-liT  "* -- " innifC'riuiiit.-iteil JCfcllrti*, Murine la  jfouit.minilcd l.y our OiMillrjt*���������not a"l'aii>nt  Mr,U.-lrj<*"���������l.iltuucd ij>f.ilcot*������������f|il I>liynlcla.tJJ������'  JtrVactU'A f������.r muiiy ytttvtt, Now <l������l<Uou.t<!(l to  Mho Cnbllrt ami unM l.r Ih ancUtln at poo por  ���������iiott-W*. Murine Kjfs ItttWr, in Anrptli* Tutirn,  VCo aud r<Oo. Writ* foi* l.ooU (it tlin *><*. D'rr������*,  MurineLvaRantttjlj/Corni-������mw -*m-ir������.������-..  -.'���������������  nr  *���������***���������*-"  w.     n.  v.  1130  "Tricks In All Trader,"  Thc    Agricultural    Department    is  out    with    a    warning    against    the  "veneered" bale of ha3r:  Veneeriiift* consists in feeding to  the baling machine an occasional  forkful of hay that is of higher grade  than tlu-bullcof lhe lot b'.'ing baled  :ind innnipiilntirij*- th'* ""orbf".' ni :*.iuh  ii way that the high grade hay cover*' the tviilh)<!<* of th<> Irth*-, jnakir.g  the bale appear to contain beller h.iy  than   it  actually   doc,*'   cor.taiu.  This is as bad as the stove-piped  ;iM>1>. band, lhe .suvvdiiiM s.-iiis:i;;i;  and the ba*.s\v(iod ham. Their human imitation is the pious a*i<l "l.tn-  ���������.-vole-iil." old i asenj vhn tries lo sell  you a gold brick.    Watch thin all.  Love is like u game of po|,-er ~- n  yotmg   i:j:jsi   oftr::    -,',;,:,',,   ..   ; d   iic  i.Uiiiol   t;r.!j, v  Bird Statiatics  For two years the numbers of birds  on certain farms in different'parts of  tlio country have been counted. A  suauuai'.v now shows . that i.t , the  Northeastern States the average tarni  of 10S acres protects a total of 124  pairs of domestic birds. These are  birds of the sorts thai fanners should  piotect. Five acres in Maryland afforded a home for 193 pairs, of sixty-  species. This bird count was mado  for the purpose of getting definite figures on thc value of bird protection  on farm:'*, and thc importance, of providing feed and -protectiou for tbcni.  lu'rd lovers can figure out lhe ben*,-  .���������-The  Country  Gentleman.  fit  Moji:;icur:  For IS days in the ir.ontlt of'January X was  HitlTeriui*; with i>ain of rheumatism in the foot.  I tried all kinds of remedies but nothing did  nie any -rood. One person told we about  MINARD'S I/iNIMKN'f; an soon an I tried  it the Saturday niffht, the ne?:t mornintr I  was feelinff very Rood; I tell you thia rein-  cdy is very h'ootl; I could give vou a. Good  certificate any time that you would like to  have one. If any time T come to hear n'iout  any iieruou sick of rheumatism, I- could tell  then about  thin  remedy.  Yours truly,  JJWNKST T.JCVT.rr.t.1*..  ,116   Kite   Ontario   K;<st,   Montrenl.  i**cl.>.  14, 190C  Minavd'.*.   Liniment Curcti  Cows.  .Garget  m  In  Declined  to Worry  "So  my 'I'Micdit-r  h:\r.  itom *."W c!  become  your  wife.     Have   you   fixed  the ������,;������y ������>f the wed-'iiij*'?"  "I  will  leave  lhat  to  her."  "Will you have a church or ;i  private  wedding?"  "Hn*  mother  can   decide   thai."  "What  have yon  to live on?"  "I   will  leave  that enlirclv  lo  you,  sir." l.o.'itou  (ilobe.  ii.<w    uiu    tt,.i:,i>    liliiKC    IIIH    IVpll Ijl-  tioil  as a   lawyer?"  .* i t .  .   - ��������� t, ,      ,     . .  it...   vt.t;,   .-.������.,    .. j jj   11,-iu,   u������-   I'.OIIld   d,-.  cline cases he. Icnew hc couldn't win,"  Meaning of Service  The Extent of Each One'o Duty Depends on His Ability to  ���������Serve  In Canada the war has dour, more  than anyliiiiif-: else to teach us the  meanini*- of service. We arc connive  to realize as wc have not done in the-  past that every citizen has responsibilities to the state, and thai the extent of each one's duty of service depends upon his ability to serve. If  lhe lesson be well learned it will  mean much for the future of this  ii.iiiiliy. It i.i'l ittttn rt'suit in an  electorate trained to select men for  l.ublii oJlio.: i>ii lhe basis ot ability  and inleffrily. ll will also meet the  difficulties of public ownership hy  lii'ovidini*: in"*!lie publie service j-jetie-rally a e.mlinnotis supply of men a*,  able and as devoted to llieir uo-ih as  those available for pri\atc enierprisr-.  If the idea of s'ervire gt'ips the eiii-  :>Mvr. ol llii.-i lonntiv Caii.'ul.t mav, ea*  ily lia.l tin: world in vvothiti|t on{ a  .���������iolution for most of the liobbins ,  which now beset !-oeiety. - - Tm-nniol  New*.  fnite to cure.    Send for list of'lestimaniaift,  Address:   F.  J.  CHENEY  &  CO., Tolttf*  Ohio.    Sold by all Drufrgitti. ISc  He Was Short  Early one evening a frail little gi������3  entered a candy store and asked for  a cake of chocolate. After she had  the candy she put four pennies on  thc counter and started out. Thc  storekeeper, though .averse *o friehl-  eiiinp; thc little thing, called after Tier,  in a gentle voice:  "Vou'rc a penny short."  "No, you're a penny short," she  called back as she disappeared.���������Loudon Illustrated Sunday Magazine.  TTfH Executor  A couplo of Kcntuckians, meeting  in a feud district, according to an exchange,  one  asked  lhe  other:  "Look here, Hill, what did you  shoot ut tne for. I ain't cjot no quarrel  with  you."  "You had a fend with (t-.-" "Walker,  didn't you?"  "IJut lien's dead."  "WcH.  I'm  his  crccciitor." Nt v.  York Tiibuut*.  ;S;-^A'"i-Tit-:4,"(i!  -.���������.'.������������������;-."*.;--."'���������vJiCTVi'.  ,:~ ':.'.?.w'v<,'i*;s-?Ba  r'\?y*l'^i ������?,&���������$  ^^t^:;P^i^m  Aj&^$Md  ^.'Tp'-'i^'^^i  :M������P$Sm  APtmm  -.������������������..,--/.--.-.--:--iii&3  ::-::AAArs;m  ArPmM  ':':PpA$M  ���������"A:?$sm  W������0  mm  'A--";'A?*a  "AA:P>Mf%  ApPmm  ���������A-AMm  A.mm  Armi  PapM  ~mm  vm  -'���������y-i.;.fc.v*.l  I  1  I  I^^jL^u ������  CRESTON REVIEW  m.  jpy:  mB.  m?  m  Kg:  Ste"  hWa,  Ba  I  m  W:  8-  b-i  J.L.  -llUC  Issued every Friday at Oreston, B.O.  Subscription :   $2 a year in advance;  3uiiu@S pOini/3.  C. F. Hayes, Owner and Editor.  CRESTON, B.C., FRIDAY.  FEB.   9  m&fLhsaiS aaimf tf������0*f *7  mm ******,   **>*    rnrn^m m  thought or has no  iilfi mo 4-c*  incidents  Now that February has arrived,  and local weather prophets for the  most part-are agreed that we are  to have an early spring, something  on the prospects of the 1917 fruit  market will not be out of season  entirely.  George Vipond, a wholesale fruit  dealer at Montreal for the past  forty-seven years, and apparently  one who lias made some success of  the selling end, seeing that for;  many years he has been rich enough  to spend the winter in Honolulu  or some other favored winter resort,  was iti Vancouver last month, and  in an interview in the World expresses the view that apples  are due for a slump in price this  year.  Mr. Vipond claims that the present high prices of apples cannot  be maintained. Last year there  was a very poor crop in the east  and it was possible to keep the  high prices that have prevailed  there, but he says that when big  ..r-ivps occur e.ast and west simultaneously, prices will take a big  t nmble.  Wh ether the gentleman really  knows exactly whereof he speaks  Ids statement at least looks  reasonable, and on the theory that  there is nothing like being prepared  for the. worst the situation merits  very serious consideration from  local ranchers in view  ness of the Fruit Growers Union  annual meeting, at whicli the  marketing policy for 1917 ~*will be  up for discussion and settlement.  If 1916 was an "off" year in the  ordinary course of events 1917  should be normal, aud as sure as  day follows night if 20 per cent,  heavier crop has to be sold on the  same market as was available last  year the price is reasonably sure to  be considerably lower if there is  anything to this law of supply and  demand that one hears so much  about���������a prospect none too pleasing iu view of the ever-increasing  <-ost of aii the other commodities  necessary to the rancher's living  and the industry's development.  All the signs point to a strenuous  year for the horticulturist both as  ro production and sale of his crop,  and to comfortably weather the  gale will require the wisest counsel  of the shrewdest men in the fruit  raising trade���������backed by every encouragement from the rank .and  liie of the growers. In the words  of the paragrapher, we must hang  together or hang separately; and in  the latter case you can't blame it  on the directors or the pales manager if the worst should happen.  interest in the  tuturo ot" the industry,  cited above will  doubtless furnish good and sufficient  reasons for a break with the O.U.G.  The fellow who looks further ahead  than this year and next most likely  sees things differently.  As   we understand   the aims of  the O.U.G. they are striving to get  in control of the selling of say 75 or  80 per  cent,   of  each  year's  B.C.  fruit crop with a view to  controlling the   market.      Last  year they  made considerable progress. in this  direction by Unking up all the  selling agencies in   the   Kootenays as  well as some of the houses at Grand  Forks.    This year  there  are prospects that the soft fruit seotions of  Mission and Hatzic   will be in line.  There is no occasion for us to dwell  on   the   advantages     that   would  accrue   to   the    growers   if   they,  through the O.U.G.   or  any other  organization,   controlled   the   markets the same as  do tiie California  orange   growers.    By that process,  and  that   process   only,   can    the  rancher year after  year be assured  a reasonable price for  his product.  Not   having control   of   the sale  of   the  needed   percentage  of  the  crop the O.U.G, must needs sell to  the wholesaler,   but  at   that   conditions show   improvement in that  last season there   was- little selling  on consignment.    Most of the stuff  was markeleu   at a   detinite   price  f.o.b.  And the best evidence that the  new order of things is getting somewhere ie furnished in the well-defined rumor that the Nash people���������  better known as the fruit trust���������  will invade the Okanagan country  this year and buy direct from the  grower. Up till 1916 the Nash  house could almost get more fruit  than they could handle, and mostly  of the near- I on consignment.  Thb Review holds no brief from  the O.U.G. but if the aim of the  concern is as we have attempted to  outline it���������to start in selling as a  wholesale house to the retail trade  so soon as assured the necessary  share of the B.C. crop to make the  venture safe���������it should be found  good policy to stand a year or so  more of slightly lower prices,  possibly, if eventually we may  dominate our natural fruit market.  shareholders voted to have the  O.XJ.G. handle the marketing end  of the business and gave unanimous  consent to the agreement entered  in this connection.  Some Union shareholders are  long on preaching co-operation,  but when it xjomes down to  practising it under real, or imaginary, adverse conditions they'll have  little of it when their pockebbook  may be hit, though ready to avail  themselves of its advantage even  to the hurt of their neighbors if it  brings a few cents extra into their  cash account.  This is a rather unpleasant  situation to be faced with at this  time, but come it had to, and in  view of the satisfactory showing  the Union will make last season  1917 looks to be about as good a  year as any to agree to disagree.  Experience is an excellent though  expensive teacher generally, but if  we must learn by this process  whether its better to sell together  and put up with whatever disadvantage there may be -while perfecting the co-operative selling  system, or run sort of every man  for himself, and  the devil take the  hindmost, and hope for the survival of the fittest as speedily as  may be, this year is as promising as  any for the rival interests to "-Lay  on, MoDuflV&nd damned be he who  first oriesr Hold i   JUnoughi"  The Presbyterian Sunday School at  Phoenix, has close to 200 scholars  enrolled".  About two hundred head of cattle  were bought by Messrs. Maeuk nnd  Goldstein, or known as "Spokane  Oattle Buyers," last week at Port Hili  were driven to Bonners Ferry where  they will be loaded and shipped^ to  Spokane.  s  In the line of wearing apparel nothing has advanced in price so  extensively as Men's Clothing. In this line we are specially fortunate  ���������about a year ago we placed an order for a stock of Men's Suits but  owing to a rush of military orders these suits have just now come to  llOTlfl TPVl.<Y*7   Q 1**0,   ino������������irArl    *-\i~    m*\-m r-\*yc*   ,inwoitToiI'iYi>������   4*t������t*>1ttoi   irvii/vr*-fr r������ c*   o ���������*"*/**     ovk.rl  ���������ici'llvl. i iw V   cii C3   juucvi n.^u   ecu   |-rx iovo  piOTCiumg   .onv/itv   m.xx\jm.������*jmj.&  cve-lv)   ca/aava  all are aware they are much 4ower than these same suits could be  bought right now.    We specially recommend the  men s nine &erge amis m p&c.bii .  We have them in all sizes from 35 to 42, "and our guarantee is behind  the workmanship on them. If you will be needing a suit any time  soon our advice is to buy now. Such splendid value at this price  will not be offered again this year.  X  MEN'S WOOLLEN PANTS���������We have also a full stock of these, in  all sizes, which are selling at from $2.75 to $4.25 per pair.  ���������^E^Ia'SlTla."  n.*     /���������*% m     ^ t* P. n. nr ti  '1;  i-  A.  4^������  _  iLresioti-^-  i^riiish Columbia  Selling TressSsSes  StSBJf wwlttt ���������������?���������"*������������������  Now that the various growers  who shipped through the Union  last year have had ample opportunity to read, mark, learn and inwardly digest the Dual statements  from the local selling agency, nnd  .���������ontrast the slightly lower but  paid-in-fiil] 1916 prices with a bit  higher but as yet not fully paid  prices shown on 1915 statements,  one does not hear nearly so much  criticism of the Union and its  directors as wns the case a fow  months ago.  Notwithstanding thissatisfaotory  state of affairs thc annual meeting  this month piv mises to bc almost  as interesting as usual, and ono of  the most lively topics will be as to  whether to retain the selling  arrangement with tho Okanagan  United Gr*ovv'i-������*N another* your or  not.  One weakness with this arrangement, according to individual  ranchers, is that the O.U.G. doon a  strictly Helling-to-tho-wholosalor  ImmnesH which thc local Union  could an readily do and savo tho  (���������((iniiiiKHion paid Urn O.U.G. Also,  m-lling in this way largely outs out  r.,x\i:��������� flircci, to tht* retailor - -a bufli-  ncHH wliich naturally belongs to  t'teuton owing to \\.n close proximity to tlio inurk<*t --mid which sales  bring to tlu- Union coflbrH mont of  flu* iiwvif.iilili* profit tbo wholesaler  nniHt, liuw whon lie lookn aftcr thc  ..llit.if   4 fi     *l������f.   v/-v������ #*. i I rt*"*  -*���������-������������������ r-������     *��������� * - -       *   ... ..*.##���������*  .  To thu   rancher   who  oiitoh only  ior ooiiu-.iiMli- iohiiIih ami   lukt-H  no  Another matter that will most  likely provoke considerable discussion at the Union annnal is the  incident disclosed in our story last  week on "1916 Fruit Market and  Prices" as affecting raspberrsis and  plums.  With the raspberries it was a  case where some growers not  liking the early-season prices proceeded to sell independently, leaving the Union many crates a day  short to take care of a trade part  of which had been contracted with  on the assurance of a considerable  surplus of berries rather than an  acute shortage, and at a somewhat  lower price, naturally.  Insofar as possible for a time the  Union had to fill a portion of these  "surplus" lower-price  orders alortg"  with the higher-price  ones  out of  its  all   too  limited   supply of this  fruit, and  ita very   much  to their  credit   that they  did  so.    A contract   under   those   oircumstancos  cannot be broken   with  impunity.  Germany   treated   such  things as  mere scraps  of  paper and is now  paying  the penalty���������and sooner or  later a business  house that disregards   its   obligations  in   such   a  matter must share a similar fate.  With plums tho  situation  wont  to thc  othor  extreme.    Seemingly  an effort was made to sell those in -  depondently,    and   Whon   it   was  foarod no sale would  bo made this  way tho fruit,  already a bit overripe,   was   marketed   through the  Union,   with  tho inevitable result  that plums in porfootly good shape  tliat   were sold   with   the   too-ripo  stuff had to suffer a ' considerable  reduction in  prioo,  undor thc existing pooling arrangement.    Wo  understand, also, a similar praotioo  provailod to a loss oxtont with soft  fruits.  Naturally tho grower who put  liis stuff up in good shape and  marketed it all through tho Union  i������ not likoly to stand for thiw sort  of work another season. And if  tho Union hopes to remain in butri-  ncHH it certainly cannot stand for a  repititinn of the raspberry and  plum marketing incidents of 1910.  Last yoar, at any rato, no blame  sir* **1#l   n r t rtrM**.   fr>      ���������!*!/*���������*     nnlnn   ****#������ %���������*-. o ������*>������-������**  or directum of thc Union regarding  ���������>rio������*H.     Karly   in     tin*    yoar*    tho  |KOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAYE FUNDS REQUIRING  \HVESTMENT MAY PURCHASE  AT PAR  N OF CANADA  IN  SUMS OF $500  OR  ANY  MULTIPLE THEREOF.  Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.  Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at  any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of fiv& por cent per annum from the date of  purchase.  Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,  as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue  in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or othor like short dato security.  .. Proceeds of this stock aro for war purposes only.  A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and  stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which boar thoir  stamp.  For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.  DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE. OTTAWA,  OCTOBER 7th. 1916.  -j,  earn  THE     MINISTER     OF     FINANCE  REQUESTS  THE    PEOPLE    OF    CANADA    TO  BEGIN NOW  TO   SAVE    MONEY    FOR   THE  NEXT WAR LOAN  MN. ���������.  1*17  taKtWAMTUKNT Of PI NUNC*  OTTAWA m-P--9m-x   __   m-mm       -       -        "i        ix-m V9k ~-m*m M������-^^   M<  5'l#"f*S*'95*' -������3BB5"S3.ft  a-  a'^������������,a#*ss������ t^st  Th-fvU:  ra,pis*Bi  h LlIB  THOSE WHO WANT  ������&nsB  mBmmttiaamim  for PLANTING IN SPRING  "should order them NOW, from  COMPANY, Ltd.  1493 Seventh Ave. Wssf, Vancouver, B.C.  Catalogue on Application  Nursery stock cannot-be made to order���������it has to be  reved in good time. Early orders are better for you and  better for us. Send us a list of your wants b'y return mail,  our large descriptive catalogue, also our artistic Rose Cata-"  logire, are yours for* the asking.. All writing ua and mentioning The Review will have a first-class Rose bush added  FREE to their* order. __-  Rev. J..H. White, chaplain of the  54th''-'Battalion; the corps in whioh  Pte. Roy Stocks went overseas and in  which ranks he fell fighting on November 18th, has written J. K. Stocks  some further particulars of Roy's  demise, and says in part:  "I have Just come from seeing some  of   the ��������� officers and men  who   knew  your son, and who are familiar with  the details of his  death.   There was  an important engagement on November 18, and~ib seems   that  your boy  was  engaged as a stretcher bearer,  and was   busy at  his duties   when a  shrapnel burst near him,  and a piece  went through his lung, killing .him.  almost instantly.   His body was buried  along with many of his comrades on  the  battlefield.   The   graves are, no  doubt, marked  but as the area is con:  tinually under fire it may bc difficult  to keep it identified,  but you may be  su^e that every effort will be made to  keep it marked.    I had a slight acquaintance with your son, and always  found him   a nice obliging lad    His  officers ��������� and   comrades    speak   most  highly of him.   He was always ready  to undertake any hard and dangerous  duty, Cheerful and brave, doing his  best, and eventually giving his life for  all that we count dear.   Let me assure  you of very deep personal sympathy  with you and your wife in the loss of  your brave boy, and   I pray that God  will comfort you and sustain you both  with His presence and grace   in fchis  very trying hour.   All his belongings  will in due time be forwarded   you  from London.''  TT  ii  mUMI VOUR' 901LARS  a a  AT���������the:  front-.  buy  ��������� '      A. \_  Ba B163 I  War Sawings Oertificates  $ 25.00  eo.oo  100.00  FOR  It  $21.50  48.00  86.00  INDIVIDUAL. PURCHASES LIMITED TO $1500.  FOR FULL PARTICULARS APPLY AT ANY BANK  OR ANY MONEY ORDER POST OFFPCE  JAN. 9.  1917  finance   Depabtmbnt  Ottawa  We want a live Salesman for Creston District  Golden chance for the right party. -.���������     __,  iMAFPES^'-������������tc'lSS������ffeM������ffleyM  for Ft-cces, Mask-rat, Wolves. White Weasel, uOn&I<7-ax,Be&������  yer,Fisher,andotherFor Beaxera collected in yowsectlon  SHIP YOOBFCBS BtfBSCT ������o "SHUBERT** the largest  3ttittetat!ie.9<������M4e*tila^  a reliable ������������������responsible���������eafeParHoass with aa -osblemlsbed rep*  citation existing ������or more than a third of a ceattjTy."alonestic-  ������^s������^&xMotsen6hieFtuSliipDsmpTom]^SA^ISFACTOR'S  AND VBOmTASLB xetoras. Write ������or"������trc mautt attorn*-  taeofli^'celj^le^accgratemagfeet reoort and prieajfatf^gtelishcga a  mmmmm*a*ams^*mmm*Bm*nam*mm^mmmmmmam*m*mm*mmt*m*mamm*W  Transfer, Livery and Feed Stables  Sleighs and Cutters;.      Team Sieighs  Single and Bbuble Harness and Supplies  Several  Sets   of Second-Hand  Harness  Coal and Wood For Sale.  mm       dA  Phone S&  Sirdar Ave. Greston  Consolidated  Mining  Canada,  & Smelting  Limited  Co. of  OFFICE.  TRAIL,  SMELTING   AND   REFINING   DEPARTMENT  -      -      - BRITISH COLUMBIA  SMxt-zLT&FZ&i AND RBRLNBRS  PUROHASERS OF  GOLD,   SILVER,   COFPE7-? AND LEAD  ORES  TRAIL BRAND PI Q LEAD.  BLUEST ONE AND SPELTER  Miss Alice Wood has taken the position of stenographer in the Canyon  Oity Lumber. Co. office.  MrsV John Fraser, Deer Lodge,  spent a few days las week in Creston,  the guest of Mrs. T. Goodwin.  John Johnson and A. B. Samuelson  are having brick hauled from Creston  to build brick chimneys on their  residences here.   '  We hear that A. D. Pochin and  wife, who are in Arizona, will not be  baek this spring. He is looking for  someone to rent his ranch.  Jack Wood is leaving for Nelson  shortly to commence getting fche  Deschamps mill at that point in shape  for a big season's cut this year.  Death���������On January 31st, the infant  son of Mr. arid Mrs. Witherhead. aged.  14- days. Ttat^emains wei-e interred  in Creston cemetery on Friday afternoon.  V Phonse Hgguns was a Cranbrook  visitor last weekV 'accompanying Mr.  Dempster who went to the hospital at  that cifcy for; treatment for a broken  leg, on Wednesday last.     P  The sleigh haul is much improved  due to the arrival of at leasfc six inches  of snow on Friday. The mild-spell  sinceMs taking it off altogether loo  soon to suit this section.  Robb, INissie McRobb, Romeo Pilon,  Stella Speaker, Annie Johnston.  Attendance (days) of others during January���������George Broderick 14,  Elmer Chambers 12������, Fred Chambers  12J, ��������� Lottie Chambers 1 J. Violet  Chambers 4, Bobbie Clayton 12.  Grace Crawford 14, Lizzie. Crawfoad  14? Jimmie Crawford 6, Sadie Crawford 14, Lulu Johnston 14, Frances  Knott 14J. Jeffery Knott 12, Denzel  Maxwell 12, Helen McRobb 14, Annie  Pilon 11, Oscar Pilon 14������, Rollant  Pilon 5, Annie Samuelson 14, Emma  Samuelson 1, Arvid Samuelson 14,  Charlotte Speaker 13J Alfred Speaker  13������, Marguerite Speaker 6������, Bessie  Wh'fce &h Willie Wjckholm 14.  Esther Mifflin 6.  Engineers Report  On Reclamation  One Kaslo thermometer made it as  cold as 10 below zero there one day  last week. "*  Afc fche smelter thermometer at.  Greenwood it was 35 below zero ori  Tuesday morning of last week.  .; On the average 100 carloads of lumber pass through Fort Steele from  mills nearby. Logs also are abundant.  Next month a much larger amount of  lumber will be shipped.     (.._  THE CANADIAN BANK  OF COMMERCE  *" I ,-mmm~mmmm~~mmm.  Sni EDMUND WA.LKBR, C.V.O., LL.D.. D.C.L., President  JOHN- AIIID. General Manm*-**. II. V. V. JONES. Au't Generul Manaaer  UAPITAL, $15,0UU,U0(I     HESEBVt AINU, $13,500,1)01)  FARMERS' BUSINESS  Tiie Canadian Bank of Commerce extends to Farmers every  facility lor the transaction of their banking business, including  the discount and collection of sales notes. Blank sales notes  tre supplied free of charge on application, svi  C. G. BENNETT  .VTannffor Creston Branch  Andy Wiekholm was host to a  siirpi ise party at' his home on Safcur*  day night, and although caught absolutely without notice the guests report ah evening of solid  enjoyment.  Victor Wesling, who returned from  fche Cranbrook hospital'a few weeks  ago, is recovering the use of the arm  he had, rather badly mangled in ***>."-  trimmer saw afc the mill about three  months ago.  John Hobden land F. H. Price are  the busiest men in these parts this  week, working long houas on the pole-  hauling contract while the sleighing  is good. If they bring in the expected-  uub fchey will'handle about 7000 of  them.  Canyon Cifcy would favor a municipality for the Yeason thafc the thousands of horsepower fchafc is going fco  waste at fche Canyon would not be  likely tofall into the hands of speculators but would be developed and  supplied at cost to fche consumer.  Principal Palmer of the Huscroft  school hud. somewhat of a record in  tho matter of attendance for January?  tho average attendance showing up to  OU nor cent, of the enrollment. Those  nn mind every day were Helen and  Gordon Hurry, Bvnesfc Ennerson and  Roy Huscroffc. Thoro wore 10 pupils  enrolled nnd thc contribution to tho  prisoners of war fund waa $1.05,  Report of Canyon City School for  January.  Entrance class���������Frances Knott 76������,  Unmoo Pilon 00.  Fourth Reader���������Norma Carver 01,  Grueo Crawford 581, Earl Oarvor 529,  Charlotte Speaker 51>i, Donzol Maxwell  45J.  Third Roudor���������Kafchloon Clayton  fifi.l. Annie McRobb 84. Georgo Broderick 814, AnnloSamnolson 81fr, Joffory  Knott 80L Loota Buhl 77*. Armio  Johnston 01 J, Annio Pilon 04H  Bobbio Clayton 50J, Oscar Pilon 60.1,  FJiw-r OlirtmbovH 5fl, Fred Clin inborn  4711 Alfred Hpoakor 40.  Second Reader���������Lulu Johnston 05,  Alaggle IJiodoriok 83J, Nissle Mcltobb  75, Stella Speaker7-Ii, Sadie Crawford  74. Lizzie Crawford OO4, Aryid Samuel-  hou 014.  Fli-Ht. Eoudor���������Sherman Broderick  llo, Esther 'Millln IK).  Second Primer���������Willie Wlekholm  85.   First Primor*���������Holon  McRobb 80,  |4'i<loN*>i!*l Hnlliin    WO     jlmmjn f 1������..������,.������#jj������.jI  70.      *  "   Perfect. Att^rnl'inee���������Norman Carver, M niggle Broderick, Sherman  Hrodorlflk, Loota Buhl, Kathleen  ("Ijiylon,   Riulololi   Gallon,  Annio Mc-  Bonners Ferry, Idaho, Feb. 1,���������  Word has been received from Congressman Addison T. Smith at Washington, D.C., relative to the report of  the government engineers who made  some months ago a careful investiga  tion into the, feasibility of draining  the Kootenay valley. The department of agriculture reports -fchafc the  engineers are working upon their report and thafc ifc will probably be ready  to submit some time next month.  Delay has arisen because it has been  necessary to wait for data that it was  'necessary to obtain from Canadian  engineers relative to conditions on  their side of the boundarv.  Kootenay valley people who have  received this news are wondering if it  portends a favorable report by the  engineers. If their report witB to be  unfavorable to drainage, would ifc  have been necessary to wait for any  information from the Canadian engineers, but wouldn't the United  States engineers have submitted their  findings afc once? They realize there  may bo nothing in thi** supposition  but. nevertheless they are wondering,  just the samo.  LAND CLEARING  WANTED.���������Contract for  clearing 30 or 40 acres of  land. Persons wishing land  cleared at small cost will do  well to communicate with  Box 44, REVIEW Office,  CRESTON, B.C.  _���������J ir** ft nil!  iti iTiiB auciii  DEALER IN  High class Boots and Shoes  Saddle and Harness*  Repairing a Speciatly  The foregoing despatch will certainly be read with satisfaction by most  every resident in the Creston Vulley.  For at least a dozen years the people  on this side of the line have been  reading about, passing resolutions,  and individually, m many cases, doing  whafc we could to move the authorities  to make the necessary surveys to  determine whether fche scheme was  feasible, and if so does fcho nature of  the soil in these bottom lands warrant  tlio expenditure - necessary to do the  work.  So far as onr memory serves us tho  US. uuLhorlttds mauG Quite an exhaustive survey of all fcho territory in  1014���������a much more thorough invesfcl-  gation of tho problem thafc was mado  y tho thon McBrido government on-  ginoors���������so thafc If fche   forthcoming  pronouncement   on   fcho   matter    is  favorable to tho work bolng proceeded  with the report mny   be looked  upon  as reliable���������-ifc Is hardly likely a favorable   verdict   would   be   rendered (in  vlow of fcho rather limited amount of  engineering  data to bo obtained  at  Victoria) unless ovory possible feature  tending fco failure is absolutely mlssin jr.  Tho roporfc.  if it   mafcorlall'/oR, will  como afc fcho opportune* momonfc.   At  fcho presonb timo plans aro maturing  in  England for tlio acquiring of an  enormous area of agricultural land in  tbo four woqtorn   provln**f,ti.    A fliim  of 200 million dollarw  in involved, the  iclini, bolng to plant tho millions   of  acres acquired  to grain  and  go Into  stock   raising as a moans of raising  money to pay off Canada's war debt  In as short, a time <i������ poMt.Iblo.    It Is an  empire midoi'takiiig thafc in being received with fayor all over tho west.  With  uoniethlng   reliable   on   tlio  Kootenay Flats land available*,   and  jvpitn(-u^ f,l|������ woll    In   >ii������vi������l)nwj  rirm*.   i������j*  productive nn wtprnHo'ntod, fche 40,000  arren thnw made available In th������.>> Crra-  ton Vulley would look powerful good  to the gentlemen behind thin gigantic  dovutopinent hc.Ihium..  Synopsis of Coal Mining  Regulations  Coal mining rights of the Dominion,  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, tho Yukon Territory, tho North-  West Territories and in a portion of  the Province of British Columbia, may  bo leased for a term of twenty-one  years renewal for a further*' term of  21 years afc an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2.500 acres will  bo leased fco one applicant.  Application foi a lease must bo made  by tho applicant in person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district in wliich  the rights applied for aro situated, i  In surveyed territory the land must  bo described by sections, or legal subdivisions oj sections, and in unBirrvoy-  cd torritory the tract; applied for shall  bo staked out by the applicant himself  Each application must be accompanied by a foe of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for arc uot  available, lint not otherwise A royalty  shall be paid on the merchantable output of tho mine at the rate of five cent**  por ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returnH  accounting for tho full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay tht*.  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  righUi aro ji*>1 Wai1--; opt-r'<i<*;1, mii-Ii  returns should bo furnished at loan,  once a year.  Tho lease will include the coal  min  Ing rights only,  rescinded  by Chap.  27 of <i-5TGeorgo  V.  assented to lUfch  .Tune, 1014.  For full Information application  should bo made to the Secretary of tho  Department of tho Interior, Ottawa,  or  to   any  agent   or  .Sub-Agent   of  iivoiiiiiiinii ijiiiuih.  i        W. W. CORY, Deputy Minister of  the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication of thin  iwA������  ^'-V'm  :-^l  ' p--:'-~y,i^-<tM  f.>-J--V'*^*rff7������J|  ^^������&*MI  -Pi  P&jmi  j|dv������*rttH(*iu*.-iil '.vill not li  paid  ;s-r.  WM  i**"*""*^  mmm^'^mmmmmm  ijiWjjilJjMii^l|iiiiijiii,i.|,,iii������j|ii,iiiijji������i;������il  Tiiiiiiiiiiiiit  i������8i������ij������m.>j^^ AprSm  i"������ wmifw    ������*���������������������������������r������w������*������r>w>���������w>'���������������������      jw������'���������������***���������-. ������sm g������PW^l*i%^     W%     &^  B-";  1st*..'  1:  PS'  If  ffifsv  ������:  I  ft*.'-  if-:  ai  Sf'::  m,  i  ���������ia  K1  W*fl    *  *        * Bf ^"iji'S In Ai^^rics.  Power to HeaS the Sklnj  Two Cases Which  Prove   the  Extraordinary Healing  Power of Dr. Chase's Ointment  '.nit'   j,:.*>���������;;   of  wonderfully  .Dr.   Clia.seS   Ointment  as wouuenuuy satisfactory because  you can actually sec tiie results ac-  coiupli-shed. Il is surprising what  chae.go can be brought" about in :i  rhi   by   this    great   healing  rrcnznme-'ace  Ointment I lirvyc  many people."' *  Mrs. \V. W. Oliver, Fort Geo rev,  Annapolis Co., N." S., wsv.-.-s: *'\l nm  going to tell you my experience with  Dr. Chase's Ointment. Thc.c was a  spot came on my i'ace so rue thi tig- like  a mole, but it "kept getting worse,  and several doctor*  cd said it was  it   would   have  single    li'gnv  ointment.  Mr. George 1-eavis, H������ 'amea  street,. Peterboro, On,., v,-rites: "As  a healing" ointment, I consider Dr.  Chase's tiie best obiaiuablc. i had a  large running sore on   "iny    lef-,    and  ahiiough 1 had tried all the prescrip-J Before i had finished one  box o  lions of two doctors I  K'\s unable to   ointment  this skin  trotibi  get any relief from thc pain or to getj and   has   not   bothered   uic   since.      (  thc  sore  healed.     One  day  my drus-j cannot  praise   Dr.   Chase's   Ointr-j-.-nt  gist handed me a sample, box of Dr. j too  much, and  you  are  a"   liberty  to  i- i  i  U.  S. Finding They Can Ge.  Along!  Without Made-m-Gerniany  Article  The vrar has cost us tk-arly in ihe  advanced cost of living, hv.l it h.".s it?  'ccompcncc. Wc have become* nationally independent of iMiroju'* hx  nance und in the. manufacture, ov  many thing's wc never nuuie l.K.ioro.  and should become as much a fashion centre as Paris. In fa".-i, \:iany so-  called Paris hats aud {.-owns are made ,  in America, but bear a Paris price'  mark just to please the fancies ol tlv;  stylish  set.  Never   before   have   avo   bcrti   com-  whom  1  consult-1 prlk'il    to    rocognh'.e    tho    ftrt    that  skin  cancel,  and  t.iat j An^erican        made       toys,       cutlery,  to   be   cut   or   burned j watches,   musical   i list rumen is.   leatli-  out. I intended haviufi' this done, but  chang'ed my mind when my brc-ihcr  recommendod  Dr.   Cliase's   Ointment.  the  vbJi.uu.iu    tiiiS?    Sivi:i    iTou''K:    U.J.U    ������ 1.1110,  -r: I'.'1   ?'    wi.*1 ! .-��������� i.KK~l������   j X.:..   1 ������ j. j -_, <  Chase's Ommterit, and  I -*:"e-;t it with  such  Rood  result".-,  that   I   decided   to I     If yon have never  the ointment  a  fair trial.    Alto-j Ointment, send a two-cent stamp for  rta Dr. Chase's  give  gether  I  used     four  boxes,    and am j a sample  box, and  mention   tins  pa-  dad ;o be able  to  say tlnut  the sore j per.      Price     sixty   cents     a   box.  all  ; per.  . ' i ^ea"  Chase's j Limited,  Toronto.  on my leg i*. entirely healed >p. Sine- j dealers,  or   Kdmatssou,   Bates   &   A.o.,  ihis     experience     witii   Dr.  High Grain Prices Should    j  Not Drive liogs from JKarm  It Takes a Whole Week to  Say "Tank" in German  er goods, and many other items of  luaiuifactuvc. arc f.:veu bet'.or ihaa  those wisich avo have been getting  from across the sen.  We are getting ever the emba.-  rassment that at first alarmed us  when our foreign supply was cut off  and we were unprepared to make.  substitutes. Wc* arc now standing on  our own feet financially'and-'industrially and can hold our position if we  recognize the brand "Made in  America" with as much co*fid-*ncc  as we have heretofore put ;n 'Made  in Germany" or some foreign country.    Successful Farming.  Manitoba Boasts  Of Grain Acreage  UX Tx  vertain    to    Command    Good  Prices for Sonic Time v? Comc  he hich prices paid  for pork dui-  I'-'-gr  in a:  i e    T>a.  farn-ei  th-rir   .tocjc  o;  tig tiny anprti  every respect. J  of feed has be-i  tc* be higher. \\a  crumat  has,  and  **j,-tj,*>       -*��������� "^ f%      ������������->v- --. *>     ������  price  ihe  de:*::<-  out  that   at  ;-.  r-.  farmer   should  tain a sufficient.  which besides l>  d.  st'?.������-on  to   part  swine  I,  a v.  vuiucei  wiiu  more  11?-*.*^  , X  iev   cur  A Prime Dressing for Wounds. ���������  1 in some factories and workships car  | bolic acid is kept for use in cauteriz-  * ing wounds and cuts sustained by the  J workmen. Far better to keep, on'  | hand a bottle of Dr. Thomas' Eclec-  ������������������scheutzencrj-abenart-t tric ^i*- It: is iust as quick hi i.etion  Don't  vou  know?'r-!'-'l  '-oes li0t scar tnc  skin or burn  Oritf Abbreviation Js "Sch*aei3tscngra  benangTiTSs-Maschtne"  What    is    a  crift"s-n\;ischi:ie?"  it is the same thing as :*. "schuetren-* the flesh.    There is no other Oil that  grabenveruig-htungsantoniobil."   What! liii-> its curative qualities,  beaten   again?     Then   learn   that   thc  :��������� ingi-. anct promises i  price of th-j fattened-j  will, rise b* proper- j  -':hout an increase Jit |  ������������������'. is so s.*re to hold \  .-.sonabie profit t-very;  ������������������: satisneci to mam- j  ������������������.Ta of t:i->c aiurr.ai*. j  ���������iiJErine i:-.-:!:r-ci ear-h ;  tion.  ana   vncre  mav L">;  us  is  a   r:iistake   iu  ven though vhe price | two above words are  German abbn--  viatlons for "'tank."  It these words give any idea of thc  impression onr ''tanks'' have made  upon the German mind, it is small  v.onder that Frita trembles' st their  approach.  Another remarkable word invented  by the Germans is "jusquabotitist "  I.ioyd George, they say, is a "jusquabotitist." The word is derived from  General Gallieni's declaration that ho  would defend Paris "jusqu'au bout"  ���������"till the finish."  The Germans are noi the only  people, by any means, to coin quee-.*  words. Probably they have some  name for the Gurkha, but.  whatever it is; it can hardby be belles*  than Tommy's "cut-and-come-again/"  "CoaJ boxes," "Woollv Marias,"  "Whistling Willies" and "Tack   John  ich  uctain-i  returns,  Uo  so  :nuc:*   iu-.va.i-...  up  the fertility c-f tiie soil.  Pies  need   something besides  grain  or meal to keep then*, iv. c'cod condi-  roots  fed  ...id  o cxe:  milk  arc  'iient ad-  Manoeuvring With the  Forces oi the Universe  Deputy   Minister   of   Agriculture   Is  Proud of High Per Capita  Figures  The output of grain per capita by  the Manitoba farmers is claimed by  J. H. F.vans, actins: deputy minister  of agriculture, to be greater than that  of any other known curricultural  country.  Rural population in the province  has increased in the past ten years,  but owing to advanced methods the  yield of grain has increased in,, greater proportion. Tiiis has been possible  through the use of larger.implements,  one man" being able to perform the  " work rccmired on a half section under favorable  circumstances.  In 1906 Manitoba had a population  of 250,000 with 2,141,537 acres under  wheat, 1,155,961 acres under oats and  474,242 acres under barley, as compared with 2,994,529- acres in wheat,  2,062,411 acres in oa^ts and 1,153,660  acres in  parley during  1916.  These figure's fail to take into account the much larger "acreage sum-  merfallowed of recent years, compared with the acreage thus tilled say  te*n years ago, when thc land was  newer and freer from weeds*.  Flax was grown ou 18,790 acres in  1906, as against 55,608 acres in 1916.  While flax'has increased it has never  been    a popular    crop iu    Manitoba.  Wild American  Scheme Which  Has  Received Some Credence  It   lias  been. reliably  reported that  two New  England men are about tojj-.���������" Cn'the other band,  has gained  startle     the  world witn     an entirely  popularity   .quite rapidly    of    recent  avanai.ut  vauiage.   To ensure the her. 1th of thc  pigs   in   winter,   access   to      unfrozen j special  earth  should  bc  allowed, as  the animals ne������d a taste of the svm! lo keep  theni from becoming constipated. An  other important point  in  pig-keeping  new power supply. One of these men  is said to be a consulting mechanical  engineer, the other an astrononiT,  both in very good standing. The  story is that these, two men have  gone so far in the realm of infinitive  formula that they have been able io  develop a method that will enable  them to stop the earth at will for 3-32  of a second of" time and io bottle up  thc energy necessary    to    stop    thc      ^  earth in its rotation for this interval, j-able    for corn    growing, f.nd  store the product so created and sell j Manitoba    does not presume  quite n...  years. Particularly is this true of  winter rye, thc chief reason for this  being its value as a crop to combat  weeds in general and wild oats in  ���������particular. Ten years ago -*,195 acres  were seeded to rye, while the most  recent figures represent 32,559 acres.  - Until quite lately eastern friends  and neighbors to the south Avere of  the opinion that they enjoyed a natural monopolv of the conditions suit-  ...... _-.������    nvhilc  to be  clover and S,000 acres in alfalfa during the present season, making a tela! area of 250,009* acres in fodder  crops.  As a natural outcome of the trend'  of events there is considerable  g-iowtli of the dairy industiy. 1 he-  growth of population, erection of  comfortable farm homes, production  of succulent feeds and a splendid,  home market, were factors demanding the expansion of the dairy Indus-.  try, "It has to grow, it will grow and  we -.can't stop it," is the way one farmer accounts for the increased production in dairy products.    ;  Some five years ago hutter*vas being imported in carloads to Winnipeg, This year sixty carloads have  been exported already. Creamery  butter made in 1905 amounted to l,-  249,967 pounds, in 1915 to 5,839,667  pounds. The growth of the buttermaking has largely occurred through  butter factories. Manitoba has in the  neighborhood of forty cfeamerier.  and" twenty-five cheese factories.  It was to be expected that ilie live  stock industry would develop lapidly.  This has been the history of the  commencement of farm operations in  every countrj1-. Our geographical situation entails long hauls to seaboard,  and therefore' our exports must be in  as "concentrated a form as possible.  The fact that Ontario farmers have  been able in years gone by to purchase feeders from the West and alsc  purchase grain grown in our western  provinces,_ to. finish these steers on  higher priced land has taught us ������  valuable lesson.  prising v.'jisl  will clean r.p  n-l-is anti ends  is" driven to it.  ine pig;  Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria..  "I say, keeper I I'm sure I hit that  bird. Didn't you see the feathers Ayr"  Keeper: Yes. sir, and they took "the  bird with liieiu.  S1  I rench    sulphur    matche?    possess  one of thc queerest nicknames. Thcy  are called "Asquiths," since after  they are struck one has to "wait and  see"' the result!  .ci.iiu.isU  ii ���������^oiiicvv'.i.iii*'. increased in price owitiff to  the continued high prices  of I'otash, Glue, and other  raw ���������material, are of the  usual hifth standard of  quality wliich has made.  them famou.*. for two-  third* of a century.  cat  Always Ask for  Eddy's Matches  Germany's Great Fear  Thc wastage in the military man  power of Germany is eloquently admitted by tiie drastic measures that  have been adopted by the Reichstag.  Under a new "Home Army" Bill  every German male from \7 years to  50, not serving the colors or encaged  on munitions, will be compelled to  enroll for service. The selection will  be subject to several exemptions, but  these are few. The organization will  be in the hands of the heads of military districts, although thev will hv  assisted by representatives, of thc  people. Contraventions will be punished by imprisonment or bv a fuse-  up to 10,000 ..marks. There "is considerable opposition to thc measure.  Him: Darling, } would ash you to  bc my wife, but I'm afraid my income of only Sp2,000 a year would noi  be suniehrnt for us to get along on.  Her: (>h. yes, it would. 1 can dress  on $1,500 a year and we would have  all thc re.*;t for our living mid household ecpensos.���������Indianapolis  Star.  Try This on Hubby  "What do you suppose '.as comc  oyer Mr. Mlank this morning?" aslcird  Mrs. Blank astonished. "I never sav*  him so happy. He started out of tiie  house  whistling   like":! bird."  "Maybe I'm io blame, ma'am," replied the new maid. "J got the packages mixed up and gave him birdseed  instead  of his breakfast   food."  it commercially to the world. It is to  be hoped that before the plan is actually put into commission two other  men of equal abilities-.will be found  who will be willing* to collaborate  with them to thc end that the earth  can be started^promptly in its revolutions after it is once stopped, otherwise there will bc. a painful absence  of market for this novel power ���������  Hugh L. Cooper "'iu lhc Scientific  American, ���������  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds. &c.  Minnie: So sorry to hear of youi  motor accident!  Lionel: Ohf thanks; it's ;?othin������:.  Expect to live through  many more.  Minnie: Oh, hut I hope not.���������Cincinnati Commercial Tribune.  When Tired and Nervous  If the end of the day finds you weary or irritable, with achingheadand frayed nerves,you need  something to tone and strengthen the system.  uvo a remedy which quickly helps in restoring nwmnl  conditions. They act on the stomach, liver and bowels,  and ko renew the strength, and steady the nerves.  A lew dose-H of these world - famed family pills will  I*lffBffI  -Wu   JBL n. H. ^Jj  me Relie  rrr^.rr,! <vnTyl,V ThotttM Wf#tKAmf nt.I!r^*u.t.*i(r������.l.ir*. TnirUw.!.  ��������� .*������������ v-mmmmm ������*������m������ *m������ iv-������������ **-t*uritin:i*  *m*mmmt*i*mmmv+������  **0*mmtmnu&A-'j,  A Pill That is Prized.-���������There hav.-  heen many pills put. upon the market and pressed upon oublic attention, but none has endured so long  or met with so much favor as Parmelee's Vegetable Pills. Widespread  use of them has attested thoir great  value, and the}* need no further advertisement than this. Having firmly  established themselves iu jioblic esteem, they now rank without a pqcr  in the list of staudard ve.gvi:ablc. *>i:c-  paniT.jous;  .    The  Value of the Blockade  T.o.t us not under-estimate the value  of the- blockade. Jt is strangling Germany and hcr partners, while il is  preserving the freedom of the seas  for us and our allies. Wi* ;;nd om*  friends are going about our business  subject only to the illegal and inhumane operations of .sulnuarinc.i.  Thos:- under-water craft have nol. inflicted on us as much injury proportionately as did the friyal"? of last  century di'miig the ten years which  separated Trafalgar from Waterloo.  We have, moreover, plae.-d our grip  on lho enemy without drawing into  the arena iu opposition to us a single  neutral power. That is h f.'.ieat ni:h-  kVi'iTU-nt.. We have exercised with  increasing strii'tuutiK a vigilance over  tii.ir sea traffic such lis  b. en   exercised  before,   an  able to grow corn to such an extent  and Vith such success as they do, it  is making rapid progress along tins  line. .  The introduction of suitable varieties -loafs paved' the way for a hopeful future in corn growing, 1906 ?nw  6,246 acres in corn, while 1916 harvested 34,960 acres, and there is overy  reason to believe that next season  will enable this acreage to be grsatiy  increased.  Corn measuring eight tc :iiuc feet  in height is quite common this year,  and some stakes have measured over  ten feet six inches. With thc adoption  of more intensified systems" of farming, embodying well thought out crop  rotations, corn, root crops aud potatoes will naturally increase in importance.  Manitoba has passed through the  experimental stage in the use of *a.rm  tractors. While this experience lias  proven costly in many instances, the  average farmer throughout the province has a fairly definite idea in his  mind as to uses to whlcn a tractor  can be put vvith profit. This is anolu-  "Aud how are you, Robinson?"  "Like the weather report.'*'  "Changeable?"  "No, dry, with little or no change."  irituiu  Why suffer from corns cjjen Ih���������.���������*,���������  can Ik- painlessly rented (nil \i\, nsiii';:  'Jlulh'i'.vav's Corn Cure?  In 10,05, 2,465 threshing machines  were operated on Manitoba farms.  Increased acreage under tilbige demanded more fall plowing. It was  difficult to continue u member of a  threshing rig aud still carry on tillage operations on the home farm.  Tliere. is also a well-founded belief  that slock threshing tends to scatter  weeds from farm to.farhi. The result  if. thj'it many smaller machines now  operate and the number has been ii-  creased to 4,10-',  The'awakening to the opportunities  h.*.,**  mice:'" j in  |],ft ijvc stock'"industry confronted  .  . I'SU  hast ihr: farmer with'the need for pasture  rot  been  repe-iied  in  our  ������������������.-pcn.M'f..*.   and hay.    Ten years ago lhc western.  ��������� London   .!.elegraph. rve ..jvass, while known in many parts  of the province, wa.s not receiving th..;  support of agricultural experts.  Kenneth Mclvor of Yirdeti doubtless was the warmest advocate of  western ..rye grass. The tabl'**' ha\'-  turned, aud it is recognized today as  one of our most valuable grasses,  ���������rr.d is grown on close to 3,000 acres  of land, while hrouie grass and timothy are much better tinderittiod,  nearly .-.0,0(1(1 acres of the former nnd  140,000 acres of the l.itt.'.r beiui-  growu in lhc province 111': present  si';i-!on,  f liv   e;u������   --if.-ly   v.-'.y   tli.il    'i \.    \ < ;.j -���������  .���������igi-i there was comparatively little  clover and alfalfa grown outside of  cur cipcrlinetilal farms. The introduction ol hardy varieties, together  with the knowledge gained an lo cultural methods, have lu-ou(.;lu these  valuable fodder crops to r'n-itcr prominence. The use; of uilro culture or  Minn: other medium for inoculation  ha:. .(Im. accounted  in no   -i,ii;il|  nn-a*;  r . i . i  l./J'       U'l        OM        .'. Ill   I   . "O      ,' I I ,(| I |.   I |       HI       | JU.  ���������in.dnclion  of  rhivcr and  .-tli'.-il l':i    ap-  pi j. .1 .uiu Ci>     j.i. jj     .,;,:    i,i,.iii   ,i,u:s   hi  *g*%B9&aaa^BCm is ao sore necessary  thanSaaallpox;. hxmr  CKSsrlcace bas demoasirated  the almost miraculous effi-  Caey, 8ndhannlessness,of Antityphoid VacclaaUoH.  Be vacctoated NOW by yoor physician, you and  yoar family. It Ib more Tital than house Iwurance.  Ask your physician,' druggist, or nend tot Have  you had TyphoM?" t������211ss ox Typhoid *������ecl������e,  resuita from ua , and dancer from Typhoid Carriers,  THE CUTTER LABORATORY, BCW.E1XY, CAU  noBucina vaccibu ��������� midm vhsiu. ������. ������������������������*��������� uc������������n  C00O   COTfON   ROOT   COMPOUND  A e*fs, reilaiia regaiiHnt meat-  cine. Sold iu three degrees of  Bttcturth. ico. 1, $\: No. 3, |S:  Mo. 3.95 per box. 80|id by alt  drucelats, or sent prepaid iii  plain package on receipt ot  price. Pree pamphlet. AddreaJ  'rim cook mkdictob co.  Tennis, Out, {F������mtcihj Wt*imr.)  mmmm\m  ���������tuttertrttt o������ercom������ posinveiy* our nil  tural insthoda pcrmauently tetter* 111  turat apeech. Graduate pupils every- |K  ���������ere.   Free sdxrlcs ssd Jitcratuic  'HE ARNOTT INSTITUTE  Kl-rCHENER.      -      CANADA^  tfi-fflWr  S  The Soul of a Piano it the  Action.    Insist on tho  Otto Higel Piano Action  Used in l>*r������ncli  HospiUU witii  A visllor to ;i.n Miifrlisli traijiih!:'  i-r-.uifi was i;-r������ally shorki-il .ii the j������p-  I������c*j"iraiice nf iho men. Turn where la-  would, blade eyes aiul linii.-^ed faces  v iic aNloui.sliiu!.{l-> nu.|..:i nt, aii'Oi-.;';  tin-   stildiers,  "What's been tlic tronld.  <.d  his   friend.  "Had a row uilh the  nu'iil. lii.u'^ all," replicil  1'oral.  "\\ liai  abonl ?"  the   bc^i-ar.-.   .set   a   .-eiilry   'o  llieir   t������i\vil   uliilc   ii   Wc'i.i   i������>il  'M'd       WC        f<dt        !llMlll((l."     ���������  ���������  l'oui|iaiii������wi, '*  .'" he  ncxl  llu*  risK**-  I f * I'/'! ���������  t.'<.������ r-  ���������'(������li,  vaicb  di j iin1;  \ Olltl:  11 a,  hai s  Arc  a. bad  vou   i.i]  cold  ������������������inf.  you  auy-  iil..lub;     'I  ,   t in.'/ler.  ;m.:,    !���������.:���������   it;  < hi.vlcr: Tli;nil..-, old  n-.tu. -  f doti'  \x      \     , I ( ,  TTKC KSw ?������E  ^m;^ "    fro-U Biiceees, curbs chroiuo wrcAiuiKoa, mjot vioo������  V1U  KIDtltV    MUMtltr.P., DlliKAIIIi-.a,  DI.OOD   roiBOIt.  triLitn   ititiiKK Mo iinuaoir.-ru or umi.|i. post ������ otb  rouoitaACn ��������������� ���������nr.ltMAtniT m:wvoititon.v*MAN-i������o������  TpnONTO.. WtllTU POR JPtXmtt UOOIt TO I)R   LU CLBIB  IlKO CO IlAVRR'i-rOOKnD. UAMPUiKAO. r.OUDOtl  UNO.  wi^t^oM������*r������TB^|UMroiiaor tKnv xo tui  B IB fc jrfc#%r^l*4*^IM LA0V1HO eusc  UK THAT TflADK MARKItO WORD 'TlllCRAriOH l> ON  *������IX.Ol>V������ biAUf Al'f UUU .-.OALI. UlCtlUINSrAUjYK'l*  VETEKINAKY COURSE AT HOME  Taught In ���������lmnlnt']?n|ll*li dmlnv  inure tint*. Ulplonm * r ��������� n��������������� d.  zrr.. _���������������., j[t oi ������lT.  <:ott wIiI.Ib rttcU  liillsf....  t<nn|C<itrant*nil. Il������v<il)5������ntfiiclt  lo������ fcy cUMipsntlcnc* fwnntv  rrarii. Ct������il-.i������t*Si tat(**ted In mumy  ���������my*, Urn-f p*Man IntmaUil lu  atazll tJiDiiiJ ulcr It. W^lif Vw  uUalOMia will full Kf f* Kf MC  gWltlciiUTt ���������-   -       ���������    ** *m **  L*n4������HV*t.O*rr������M<>n<<*ne������  Onbaal  <>Bt   59   I^uilu. Ornrnn*. C������������.  DOG DISEASES  And How to Feed  Mill������4  fri-ft  tn uny uddrwujt hy  tlio Aiuiiov  U.a.AVCLOVtR ���������().,!������.  lltt Weit Slut SlrMt, N������w York  Wl.*^*** ���������  *?<  1  ;  W,       N.  U.  ilW  Htmtltmmmmimmm,  mmmm'  mmt.pmmtmr*.  i.ulmiiiiiiiiiiiil.w-a  ���������iiS  m*m  rnmmm  mmm  Si  *m*mmm*M  M jWwwiiitoMifiiifaiM*^  glsfigiipip^^  ;OTES'  aCBESTON/B.  '���������'���������'>"��������� >Ts?*ftV-������^3^2KSEa5������'  J^PA'-AA'A^iA^m      '' AxAAy^&gvr^  ���������:'���������,. ^������-,'^"'^rsSTL  AA$:m&i������&  STIOI*! f rasi?r*D������ITII?���������! rAStJ'FBBBn'FI*?  iliail U11iY������ll5111������d UfRlMBUI������  LE AID TO THE  *-������������������ *���������  *. j' 5 - ��������������� -������-r* ������- ��������� ������ -rr v- -*        *-% ***������*'r%i %"���������   ** ��������� tr& tr~*x ? %?  Ttr-v  1 ������-/  rtnr  ������*  W)'N  'I'Wl'  inc.  ���������*������ r' *��������� *"������  Mobilizauon  of  the   Brain   Power  of the   English1** Universities  Proven to Be a Most Important Factor in Accomplishing  Necessary fnvestigajiion Along Scientific Lines  Aeroplane, and'submarine construe- j department Iras given information  tiou has been vitally affected by the! and advice to the clothing- depart-  discovcrics of English university prp- i ment of thc war office with -egrard  fesfors during the war. The ministry) to military leathers, and ha������ made  of munitions has given the Brooklyn, it indirectly possible to provide the  Eagle's .London correspondent some boots needed by thc armies of Great  splendid examples of ho-.v bookish I Britain and her allies without disas-  men,  devoting their intense  scientific ��������� trous delay.  knowledge to the development of | During the critical period immedi-  man-killing devices, have achieved, ately following the'outbreak of the  some brilliant results. ! war, the'dyeing department of Leeds  The mobilization, of Lhc brain I University placed its entire -cquip-  power ot English universities was no?  ment    and personnel    at the disposal  accomplished without some delay  .and confusion, for the British' War  Office had not encouraged thc meddling of ��������� professors with the affairs  of fighting. The German government,   on   the   contrary,  had   encour-  of the British Government. It will be  remembered that there '.vas a dangerous shortage of chemical products  ���������due to the cutting off of the German supply. During the past eight  months  technical investigations  have  .igcd'" since- 1870 the closest intimacy | been m progress on manufacturing  -between scientific research and the j Processes for dyestuffs and raw ma-  manufacture of munitions of war. It terials not hitherto made in England,  may be said that'every German tech-.These investigations, which are kept  nichal-school was potentially and ac- j secret, are shown'to have been suc-  tuallv an arm of the-war office. ' j cessful, ���������   although the     exact degree  ��������� At the outbreak of the war, com-1?.1 s������<-cess wm not be apparent until  plicated problems of construction ih> I f?ei?na,1 am.1 English dyestuffs Jake  mediately presented themselves to th������r Place .m. the ������Pe.n market,  -the British Government. Thc staffs! ,���������{;?m?.ierc,a,1 experiments in the  of the four technical universities of' cultivation of flax, owing to the stop-  Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds and Pf^ ������[}iL?*}^%,^J*���������ly\���������r_c  Sheffield placed    themselves unrestr  Duchess of Consssaght  Thanks Canadian Women  Much Pleased and Touched at Their  Farewell Gift to Her &hn&  Through Miss Dorothy ��������� Yorke,  lady-in-waiting^ to lier Royal Highness the Duchess of Connaught,  Lady Borden has received a message  of thanks to' the. women of Canada  for the splendid farewell gift to her  Royal Highness, which has been applied to the Duchess' Prisoners of  War Fund. The letter reads:  "Clarence House, St. James, S.W.,  London.  "My Dear Lady Borden,���������Her  Royal Highness has asked me to  write to you informally and to express to you how very much delighted and pleased she was. to receive  the cable /announcing that lhe splendid sum of $55,585 had been placed  to her credit at the Bank of Montreal in London. This wonderful  farewell gift of the worneuv of Canada has touched her very deeply, and.  she hopes you -will* convey to all  those who worked so hard in collect  in-the-money her very great appreciation of their kindness. She feels  especially grateful to you for all the  trouble you have taken in the matter..  The jsu'm has beeii placed on deposit  at Lhc oaiuc, so the interest upon it-  will add substantially until the money  is needed.  "Yours very sincerely,  "Dorothy Yorke."   ,  SERVICE PROBLEMS WILL  YE ATTENTION 1 THE WEST  T������.T*rr.������sr   .  ^-x������-v������ ic*. * ��������������� TjkTFnrMi,-  SPIRIT IS  TAKING   FIRM HOLD  Interest in the ^Social  Service Movement is Manifested  by atf  Classes, and the Series ol Congresses Recently Held Have  Aroused Great Enthusiasm   ��������� ,_, Q  ,   Forest Fire Laws  Distribution of Food  Supplies Britain's Problem  vedly at the disposal  of  the war of-  also   conducted,  tries    department  Tha textile,   indus-  has    organized en-  iice "and   thc  admiralty,   and,   acting  ^f  new  combinations of  raachia  under suggestions from the heads of  ery to produce yarns and rabnes oi a  departments,   began    to work  certain  definite  lines.  The  two   most  important   weapons   of   modern   war-  were the aeroplane and.the submar  ine.     Attention   was  largely   concentrated upon these    arms    of the ser=;  vice.  Professors of botany, textiles, met'  allurgy, geography and chemistry began  to conduct difficult  series of ex-  type hitherto imported from the con  tinent.    The staff of this department  has helped in testing khaki for British uniforms and has given valuable  fare, about which    least was known,   ������������������*������������������... az  ~ ��������� ���������   -  ��������� ' **���������.    . .        ._   advice to the war office m procuring  yarn for ammunition belt fabric.  Professors of chemistry have engaged in the preparations of antitoxins  for new wounds.  Members of the staff or Sheffield  University have conducted geographical aud     geological  investigations  explosives in aeroplane bombs was . *?r }l)������i adl"iraltyv and the jnetallur-  studied, and Dr. Lang, professor of fiff 1,la^^t<^ne.s l,av^ s*-mtllai. -V ->een  botany at Manchester, conducted l^.}9 tl}e_ admiralty for the purpose  most important researches    into    the  pertinents.   The   composition  of  high  causes of the   deterioration   of   linen  of  chemical  analysis   of  certain  ma  terials.      Prof.-J. O. Arnold, F.R.S.,  who  holds     the  chair of metallurgy  ?0  aeroplane    wings.      The engineering! a^"H,   ,       ,       rfm ,T    ,"-:  department    found    new methods of' a' ^ffield, has been for the last  testing gauges for height and tlepres- j S^ ^     f *    ^i���������!*" ^V^  sion,  while the  chemical  department  ^1^^ ^ leading  Shefiie d  ',    i .  .    ..i .,   ,    T-j  ._._���������.    armament farms    Until comnaraticelv-  regularly inspected    and tested vari  ous explosives made by the ministry  of munitions.  The question or wireless telegraphy from aeroplanes was undertaken by a Manchester professor, who  made an important discovery. These  discoveries were of the utmost importance in bringing the British aeroplane to the present state ipf efficiency so wonderfully demonstrated on  the Somme front. The Eagle's correspondent has been given access to the  official records of what these Manchester professors actually accomplished, _and although the ministry  of munitions has requested a certain  discreet amount of vagueness in the  description, the- correspondent. may  state that when the exact results are  published after the war (if then)  professors in American technical  schools will be .astonished at ,vhat  has been done within a' brief two  years' experimenting.  The submarine question presented  two aspects. The offensive aspect,  embracing thc questions of concealment, propulsion and offensive nrma-  Until comparaticely  recent years, the science of steel had  been a neglected "study, bat Prof.  Arnold gave an immense ..impetus to  the study by his important researches. Of the 32 discoveries relative to  the constituents of steel, 2? have been  made in the laboratories of Sheffield  University. "Sheffield steel" is a byword in America.  Previous to the outbreak of the  war a growing dissatisfaction was  apparent in '"England with thc traditional academic methods of 'xfprd  and Cambridge. It. was felt that these  two pre-eminent universities should  contribute something more definite  and practical to English life than  the development of a languid manner  and an exclusive accent, with the  ability of quoting Latin and Greek  tags. Although Oxford end Cambridge have given their last undergraduates to thc new jirmics and  have suffered heavily in casualties,  their record, based on actual result,  will scarcely stand comparison today with the four northcrh universities. y  i;,r^"^''���������,1������?r;;uu:,^rel"<1S: Tribute to Canada's Women  From  tion and capture of German submar  ines. The Daily Express stated that  one of thc men who invented steel  nets for ���������catehing submarines was a  university professor.  The distillation of various important substances from coal tar has  been continuously carried on in the  Manchester laboratories, as likewise  the continuous testing and analysis  of samples    of ���������Nr.tcel.      Prof.    Miles  Rob-  Walker, of thc engineering do,par  ment, has invented a portable shield,  huilei-proor at point-blank range;  the. war office recently adopted some  of the essential features. Inventions  have been, made for the manufacture  of shrapnel anil for important p.uls  of nmuitions-uuiking tools S. Lees, {]"������ manhood  a fellow of .St. Jolm s College, Cambridge, and a nicniUtr of the mechanical engineering department of Manchester University, has been given  leave- nf absence to enable hint to ;ic-  ecpt a commission as  engineer lieu- * tUe mnvcr of our women, nol ciy^p  ^n:intm ..'���������!!?. nnl'lsh wyLV'.jW"01-? I"*-;" render great assistance in  tho actual  General   Sir   William  ertson  Upon learning of the work wliich  is being done by ' Canadian women  iu munition plants, General ***>tr William Robertson wrote the following  letter, under date of Nov. 2. This  letter has been received by the department ot labor of llu: imperial  munitions board:  "It is most gratifying to hear of  the splendid work being dono. by  the women of Canada in the pr >���������  due tion of munitions. It; does not,  however, cause nie any surprise,  for the way in which '"anadian  women have so freely offered  husbands, hhis and  brothers ��������� is a clear proof of ther  determination to support the Empire, and of their rcadiin.*js to bear  the sacrifices thereby entailed. I  tuUitaiu    the highest    co'ifidciict* in  Food    Controller   Says   Each    Individual Must Have Jusst His  Fair Share  Baron Devonport, spe'akmg in the  House of Lords, said the solution ot  the food question resolved itself into  one of a system of rationing. It was  not enough to maintain the food supplies, but it was overwhelmingly essential thaT they be distributed fairly.  The food controller said his first  duty \yould &e to ascertain the quantity of food stocks available and thc  stocks visible. There were many unpatriotic people, he said, trying to get  hold of supplies in excess of their  wants.  "My remedy." said Baron Devoi-  port, "will be to adjust the supplies  coming into the country so that ev-;  erybody will have an equal chance of  getting a fair share���������no more and uo  less. On account of many people  buying up supplies, sugar cannot be  got at all. A remedy must be found  for that. Possibly the only way will  be bj* a system of rationing."  It was obvious, Baron Devonpoit  added, that a general diminution nv  the consumption: of staple food was  necessary. At present this -diminution could only be brought about by  voluntary abstinence, but if voluntary abstinence was not successful it  would b������ necessary to make abstinence compulsory.  Sample Grain Markets  Minister of Public Works Is Pushing  Kis Ideas to Early Com-  -i���������j.: ���������  |J1CUUJ1  Hon. Robert Rogers, minister of  public works, states that sample markets will be established at all buying1  points in Western Canada at the earliest possible date. Thc cabinet council decided upon it prior to the departure of Sir George Foster for England. Mr. Rogers is particularly urging that the system be put into force  without-"delay. , Provision already has  been made by proclamation, confirming, clauses of thc Dominion Grain  Act. It only remains for the government and the grain commission to  make the provisions operative. The  order-in-council and proclamation approving* of sample markets wojee  passed as far back as November of  1912.  It is expected, that the new system  will be in force "early enough lo affect  thc marketing of a large part of the  present Season's still unmarketed  crop.  Mr. Rogers states that in his opinion sample, markets will be of large  benefit to the farmers.  Under the present system, he contends, there i** ;\ wide divergence of  prico for various grades. EvoiPin normal times thc-spread between No. 1  and No. 2 Northern is at least five  cents. The. farmer might have an  extra No. 2 Northern, which, how>  ever, did not grade exactly up to No.  1. But hc was compelled to take the  Nu. 2 Northern price. Hy the sample  market he would receive; the benefit  of the quality and the resultant bct.-  clit ot price.  The new community spirit haft  gripped Western Canada. The era of  individualism is gone. The peoplo^  are facing their difficulties -"md working out their problems together, conscious that their interests are puc.  The policy of drift in public aita������r;S  is renounced. A careful study of social conditions and a firm grasp in  dealing with them is demanded of the  leaders in' Church, and State. This  spirit has just received striking expression in the series of Social Service Congresses held in the middle  West. The president and secretaries  of the Social Service Council of  Canada, Rev.^ Dr. G. C. PJdgeon, Rev.  Dr. J. G. Shearer and liev. -Dr. .T, -  Albert Moore, have returned from  these Congresses, and report them  as successful from every point of  view. The Congresses were held in  Calgary, Regina and Winnipeg. During the winter months similar gatherings will bc held in British Columbia and the eastern provinces.  ^ Deep interest is taken in the So^  cial Service movement by all classes.  In Alberta the government was ie-  presented by four delegates, whose  contributions to the discussions were  most valuable. Three members of  the^ Saskatchewan government weie  on the program, and a similar number of the Manitoba government assisted in the conference in Winnipeg.  In each of the" three provinces the  Lieutenant-Governor presided at one  of the evening meetings and gave the  movement his cordial support. The  churches, the labor organizations, the  W.C.T.U. and Women's Councils and  other organizations were fully represented. The whole course of the discussions showed the people's interest  in their social problems and their determination to deal with them in a  practical way.  Vigorous attacks were made on the  whole  patronage   system  in  politics.  The  governments  of Manitoba     ami  an   ordinarv   B"tish    Columbia    are both pledged  citizen.    Scarcely any royal family in   to- the Volition  o^ patronage      The  Europe has been successful with  the   congress^ m Alberta and Saskatch-  Want Scope of Manitcba^Laws Extended  A campaigu_Qf< considerable vigor  has been waged in the province of  Manitoba for some time past under  thc inspiration of the Canadian Forestry Association to have thc provincial legislature adopt means to'stop  the great timber waste in the .northern section of the province caused by  forest fires. Most of these, fires originated ,on settlers' lands where clearing operations arc carelessly conducted and very frequently result in dangerous conflagrations. Thc catastrophe in Ontario iast summer was, due  entirely to settlers' fires.  It has been discov-ered that Manitoba already lias committed itself to  the principle of issuing* permits for  the setting out of fires in the north--  e_rn  forested  districts.     This  is  con-  CCJJJJJ-J.J     JLAJ.      LJJ\.      X-XXt.a     X   J^vV.llIiC.J     ^J-Ct-     Ox  1913, but the scopfe--of "the Act is  wholly municipal, and it has no application to_ the districts where fire prevention is most needed, namely "the  unorganized municipalities.  The Manitoba Government is now  being asked to make the Act applv  to unorganized municipalities, and it  is suggested that the issuing of pei*-  mits and the supervision .of the iires,  so as to prevent them doing damage,  might be entrusted to the rangers of  the Dominion Forestry Branch, thus  relieving the" province of the admin-  iruration costs��������� The Dominion Government is willing* to undertake the  additional duties.  Democracy Among Koyaity  German    Reigning    House    " '/iioliy  Without the Modern Sense of  Human Equality  it is probably much more difficult  to be a democrat in a royal family  than   in   the   family     of  im  exception "of the British, in breeding  democrats.     The  Danish  royal house  has  been  trained in  excellently  simple style, and the Queen-Mother is a  testimony to the,success of the method, and  so arc lier childr's-'n.     But  King Constantine ���������of  Greece is  only  ���������the second generation away from the  Danish simplicity and he has not escaped the German taint.   Perhaps his  wife is to .blame.    The father of the  present King of Sweden was a good  democrat, but there arc doubts about  thc present monarch,  and chiefly on  account   of   liis   pro-German   tendencies.    The King of Italy is democratic, and so is the Serbian ruler.   King  Albert of Belgium promises to bc one  of  thc   great figures   of  history,  and  if he should be, it will be duo to his  democracy.   Thc Czar is far more democratic     than   the   autocratic   form  and methods of thc Russian Government    might,    lead  one    to    expect.  Queen   Wilhclminn   of   Holland,   and  iKing Haakon of Norway follow thc  modern tendencies.   It is on!.,* in Germany,     and  iu   the     countries allied  with hcr that the reigning houses are  wholly without the modern   sense of  human     equnlitj-.     Canada  has  been  fortunate   in having  in   the   Duke  of  Connaught a living testimouv to  the  real democracy of  the  British  rnval  family.���������Toronto World.  otuon     rotcnr  i *r.  is responsible for all the short  courses < of instruction on internal  combustion engines which are now  tfiven lo naval officers serving on  submarines or in the rival naval air  Si-srvi ce. ^ , ���������  Liverpool University ha.*: concentrated on ������!if manufactv.re of dr,*.;,'.-,,  work on high explosives, manufacture of gauges for munition?, workei:*  performance of work, bur. also to in  vigoratc and stimulate a spiiit of devotion  and     determination     on     Uk;  part of the men."  Keen Disappointment  Gregory,   :>r"*d   siv,   wns   h.-in-.;  driven from the station ou his '.irst visit  to   Yorkshire.     His  mother,   notieing  and   pathological  and  bacteriological   ;l troubled    look on  his    fare as hc  work for the war office.  One of the most important discoveries has been made at Leeds University with regaril to the tanning of  leather. The work of Prof. Procter,  head of the leather indiiKtiies department, reads more like romaiice than  vvmi jacaiiiy, lie. iia*; been liie. riiit-i  orlfllimor of the chroiiu- leather l.m-  niittf pror.Chf-, which a.*,reiei.ues tannine from 10 tveeki*. to 16 hours. J his  glanced about, r.aid, "What's the mat  ter, dear?    Don't: you like thc beautiful  country?"  "Yes,    mother;     but  on     my  map  Yorkshire, in brown!"  "Tlirrc-'s a  young man  liiiir   tilings   ennui..  "llow   doer,  he  do  it?"  "Tr.arlu.-h  .iritluiu'tt������*  in  schooll"  ,ho mal;'**  lite  in Kill 1 s  Prayer to Be Heard  Dick and Jimmy were spending a  few days with their gi-andmotlii-r,  who spoils them, ar, grandmothers  will. One night: they were saying  their prayers, and little Jimmy vociferated liis petitions to llu: heavenly  throne in a voice thnt cr.idd :>< hr;ir������!  a mile, He was telling the Divine  Providence what he wanted for  Christmas and his enthusiasm in the  cause got on his brother'* nerviN,  "What are you praying for Christmas ' prcsrniH so loud for?" interrupted  Dirk.    "The  Lord ain't  rhnf."  "No," whispered Jimmy, "but  grandma is."  Rumania's Long Frontier  Thc trouble \yas that Rumania had  much too long a frontier--' for the  number of men she couhl muster.  The most surprising thing about Rumanian affairs is that the country  ever consented or was permitted to  enter the war until a strong Russian  army had been mobilized' on her  borders ready to take, ovcr thc, entire southern or the entire western  half of hcr frontier from the very beginning. It is plain now that Russia  was not ready to, give Rumania adequate assistance. This lends plausibility to the story that Germany  forced Runimiia's hand and brought  her into the war much sooner than  she had intended to enter. If that  is the case; the. Rumanian debacle is  cvjui .->ln'iig<'r evidence of the foresight and energy of the German government than lias been reco-rnized.--  Buffalo Kxprcs.s.  nd resolved to 'appoint committees for  carrying on the agitation and securing government action on the matter. The addresses of P-rinc'pal John  Mackay, of Vancouver, led thc  thought of the delegates on this subject, and he was ably supported b3'  prominent public men iii e-ich province. All the West has-Buffered severely from this pernicious fvstem in  the public service, and is determined  that patronage must go.  < The rural problem, the labor question, immigration, the various phases  of the social evil, the rights and  needs of thc children and social re-*  construction after the war*, were  among the questions considered. But  what struck the observer was not  so much the practical character of  the subjects studied as thc determination of all classes to meet the needs  thus revealed. One man remarked:  "The West will lead all Canada in  social experiment and reform. They  are not satisfied with what they seci  in the Kast, and are resolved to introduce a better order."  Thc# new community spirit is influencing life in many ways. One oi!  thc provinces, in endeavoring to  makc thc school a social centre, offers the teacher and his family a  house and ten acres of laud. The  work on that land is to bc done by  thc boys under the' teacher's supervision, as part of their school training. The work in the home is to be  done by thc girls, under thc direction of the teacher's wife, as part of  their training, N^This means that thc  teacher needs a * working knowledge  of scientific agriculture. But tlio  value of such a school ao a community centre, especially among our  non-English - speaking immigrants,  cannot be over-cctimatcd.  Thc address of Mr, Raymond  Robins, of Chicago, sounded the keynote for all tbe conferences. Air.  Rollins is a wealthy American, who  is giving his life tp Social Service.  Deep religious convictions, a practical bent of mind and remarkable  powers of expression make him a  marked man iu any gatlim-ing. Ho  has a message for Canada in the  present crisis that the. whole country  ought to hear.���������Toronto Globe.  1 racuer:     vvrii,     iienry,    are.    you  learning  .mylliiiig?  i icnrv ;   I'le.if,!-,   no,   sir,  trnin" to you,  1   am  li--  Another Scotticism  Me.Tavtsli    aud    Macpbcrson    are  a,lriftr.,!lt.s.Rtl in an  ODCn  boat.  Mc lavish (on his knees): O, Lord,  I ken I've broken mni������-i it' tin' e-i*>v  mandmenis. And I've been a hard  drinker all my davs But, O Lord,  if we're sp;unl this time, I promise  never���������  IMaepherson:   1 wldna commit   my.  .-elf ov.er f.ir, J>uiiald.    I  think  1   see  land.    Life.     He Knew  TeacliiM*: A  nomad In a person who  iiM.vf.-. .on.ui   a   i;iriii   ueai ���������nrvrr  r<:  mains  -loii;,'   in   uiu-   place.      Johnny,  liaiill*      ->II|JI.       Illi.C       of     IIOIICillM,  Johnny: I ookft,  Frigid  in   the   ,>uv:f.  ���������;K"J'S.Wj?]  :APMr$h  pmm  "mm  ^���������-^&������f-!  ���������������������������rPC'rPrV"  vm  A. Receptive  Mood  "Do  you  favor  protection   or  ii\->.  trailer"  ''Well, I like_whal protection has  accomplished in thc past. But 1  must admit it. isn't anything compared to what the free traders believe  they can bring about in the course  of time." ���������- Washington l'v.-t*niu*.f  Star.  '\*clti.-.i\ fl  aoclt'y  "lie   travel-  circles."  "He  doesn't look    like  I'l.m."  ""��������������� s     u     pii1.ii     explorer; thetfr'M  oiliiii*^ common about  lho Aritftt*j*tic  rclc."-���������Buflalo  Kxpret^,  in  ���������N\W,;L  : \-ij-*< j  nm  maHH ���������^.������������������:!.*^'V.;a.*W������-*A*^  "..V:.--������������������ '      .'.-��������� V',':'.M.-*i'j.,t'K,:ivV.Aw.-%^.'J;fr.^^w.;-^ ^r^AAA,:yA,:rA.!-,^i<Ar"r\r^k- .Vy?-'.-;.^". ^rt'^^,;;-A5'^:?i!^'S;"'^l^'^ir;,/<'iy?;'^:jc;gg-j������ji;rv  EH->:  a wa-coEay   5**?**%-*%,  C.E.F., is now  being recruited  at Creston9B.Ce  All  information" from  O.C. at thc- Armoury,  Oreston.     .""-  W. uow u>iij oii  ���������      a. week's visit with her daughter, Mrs.  ���������    ���������-   rsunay, at Waraner.  Said, little Nellie, one morn-  itif*; after spending most of thi*  night awake as her father and  mother and younger brother.  Tom, had coughed most all tin-  time, **l  have   settled it   now  F&r father and mother I am  going to bvy a bottle of  White Pine and Tar Cough  Syrup, and for little brother,  Tom, some Rexalf Cherry  Bark Cough Syrup  then   I   shall   be   able   to  night."    And so she did.'  likewise.    For sal**- at  sleep  to-  Dothou  GrestonDrug&BookOo.  Phone 61  ORESTON  0  r,  on  RNS  0.      f.*m  Limited  CRESTON  .     -       B.C  Head   Offices  CALGARY;   VNNCOTJ.  PHMONTn n  v & w  I)e-l**i"- in  MEAT  Wholesale and  Retail  Fish.  Game,   Poultry,  aud  Oysters  Season  in  We have the goods, and  our pr'ces are reasonable  rower  ravers  #  Made by the old reliable  Massey-Harris Co,  I )on't    experiment   with  some uheap-U.S. machine.  Got tt Sprayer  that  *mt^m*mm^*m^^*^^mmmmmmmm^mtmmmmmmmmmmmm**mt*mm*****m***  ih guaranteed by a  home concern in youi'  home town, thnt will  tmm^Hm^**m*^>*^**m****i^**i*mt*mmmm***m**������*m *mmtmm*.**M**  work  when you  want it.  Creston Auto &, Supply Co.  I J. S   IVKVAN, Mi>v.  Rev. R.  B.   Pow was .; Cranbrook  visitor a- couple of days the early part  or������  Presbytery  business.  of the week  Wanted���������Man and wife for mixed  $<rain and stock farm, yearly job to  right parties. Apply Box 38,'Review  Office.  E. Norman of Nelson, manager" of  the Kootenay Fruit Growers Union,  was calling on Manager Staples of the  local selling agency yesterday.  .Creston Farmers' Institute meets in  regular monthly session on Friday  evening nest. The sprayer and spray  material questions will  be to the tore.  Eight brand new scholars were enrolled in the primary room of the  Creston school for "the new term  which commenced with the month of  February.  Deputy mining recorder had a  rather slow month of it for January.  Only three claims we****** recorded, as  follows: Ataboy, by R. Scott, and  Francis and Erie by Chas. JMoora.  R. E. Beattie of the Beattie-Murphy  Co., Cranbrook. aud a prospective  federal Liberal candidate in East  Kootenay, is with us this week, assisting-with "the stocktaking at the drugstore.  (wu. Huscroft who lias been forced  to spend the past two months indoors  recovering from a serious attack of  pneumonia and heart trouble, made  his first appearance up town on Saturday, looking pretty nearly as well  as ever.  A. B. Gushing oi the well-known  lumber manufacturing firm of Cnshing  Bros., Calgary, Alta., was a visitor  here on Friday.   This Calgary firm is  negotiating    with    the  Canyon  "ity  Lumber Go. to purchase the year's cut  of the local mill.  Attendance at the Creston schools  for January touched the highest point  in its history. The enrollment that  month showed 144 pupils attending.  Of these Miss Hardman had 40, Miss  Hurry 38. Mr. MacKenzie 34, and  Principal Masterton 32.  Creston was favored with the  heaviest snowfall of the winter on  Thursday night and Friday. The  downfall of the white goods was over  a stretch of almost 24 hours, in which  time about eight inches of it fell. At  Kaslo and Nelson it eanne down to a  depth of almost two feet.  Everything points to a good Crowd  and many elaborate costumes at the  masquerade ball in the Parish Hall on  Wednesday eyening, given by Christ  Church Ladies'Guild. Thosemasqued  will have the floor-jintil suppertirhe.  Prizes are offered for the best lady's  and gent's costumes, and the admission is 50 cents.  The drilling of the men of tde Forestry draft who have already gone into quarters here commenced on Monday. Lieut. McLean, who arrived  from Bonnington on Saturday, is in  charge. As yet no announcement is  made as to the officers who will be  attached to this draft along with  Major Mallandaine.  The apple packing school for adults  at Creston, for which the Farmers'  Institute is enrolling candidates, will  be held next week. ' The sessions will  be in the evenings, as the instructor  in charge will be busy with the school  scholars who to the number of 30 are  taking the course, in the morning and  afternoon of each day.  C. F. Hayes was a Nelson visitor the  early part of .the week fora meeting of  the Southern B.C. Publishers Association, Which was held in the office of  the Nelson Daily News. The publishers from all points in tho province will  convene at Victoiia next month, and  the 1-tEViKSW man has been elected to  reprefent East Kootenay printers.  Pte. Stanley Watson, who went  overseas with.'the 32nd Battalion just  about two years ago, and whose name  has figured twice on the casualty list,  has been promoted to tho rank of  sergeant and qualified as an instructor  in bomb-throwing. Ho has been in  England for some weeks taking up this  work, hut is expecting to got back to  France immediately.  The Oreston Red Cross Auxiliary  made a shipment of supplies on February Oth. In the case was: 84 pairs  of si ore.socks, 30 pairshandlcnit socks,  and ft trench caps. Next week the  workers hope to make a shipment of  pyjamas. Will those who have pyjamas making kindly bring thorn in on  February 13th.  Girv Wanted���������Fo  and upstair work.-  Hotel, Creston.  F. Wyigang of Salmo was ������ week  end visito*-* here with  Principal King  of the Alice Siding school.  Wanted���������Up to four loads of  rushes for cow feed. State price delivered.���������W. A.  McMurtrie,  Creston.  Death���������At Erickson, February 7th.  Raymond Delbert, twin son of Mr.  and Mrs. Frank Putnam, aged six  months  Mii-cu Cows Fou 8A1.E���������Three of  them, Holsteins, aud all due to come  in in a few weeks.���������Canyon City  Lumber Co., Creston.  S. S. Jarvis of Nelson, tbo provincial  assessor and tax collector for the Nelson assessment district, paid Creston  a business visit yesterday.  ������  Fob Sale���������Registered pedigree  Jersey Bull. Vi months old, bred from  the best milking strain in B.C. For  all particulars apply Arthur Pendry,  Creston, B.C.  The audit of the books and accounts  of the Creston Fruit Growers Union is  now under way, and it is likely the  annual meeting will be held some day  during the week of February 19th.  The Ladies..Aid of the Presbyterian  Church are having a sale of home  cooking in Speers' Hall on Wednesday  afternoon next, Feb. 14th, Mesda*oic3  Dow, McCreath and Boyd will be in  charge.  The Ladies of Holy Cross Church  had a crowd that comfortably filled  the rectory for the whist driye on  Wednesday night. Mrs. M. McCarthy  and Percy Watson were the prizewinners on this occasion.  Jos. Guymond, who has been bookkeeper with the Canyon City Lumber  Co. for the past year, left on Sunday  for the coast. He will spend a few  days there and then'go south, having  a positidn in sight in California. His  successor here is Mr. Piper.  or boford  of old linen  coived.  will also bo  Donations  gladly   re-  Friday last was Candehnas Day, the  day the bears come out to size up  weather conditions. As the day was  cloudy and mild, and the travelling  soft, according to weather expert, Dr.  Henderson, bruin stayed out,, and  winter may now be "considered over.  Creston Liberal Association is meeting on Saturday night to select deler  gates to attend a convention at Nelson  next Wednesday, at which it is expected a party candidate will be selected to contest West Kootenay against  R. F. Green, the present M.P. This  point is entitled to send three delegates.  Pte. Fred Haggart, one of the Ores-  ton recruits who went overseas with  the 48th Battalion, leaving Creston  just two years agos is among the  soldiers recently returned to Canada  as unfit for service. Fred lost an arm  and was yery badly wounded in tire  head about eight months ago. He is  at his old home at Peterboro, Ont., at  present.  There was ii' splendid turnout on  Wednesday night for the bean supper  and concert in Speers' Hall, under.  Methodist Ladies' Aid patronage.  The proceeds were in the neighborhood of $50. This is the first affair  since the aid was reorganized about a  month ago, and the ladies have every  reason to feel proud of the success of  their initial undertaking under Mrs.  Lees'presidency.  Liberals, Attention  A meeting of the members of the  Creston Liberal Association will bo  held in Spoors' Hall on SATURDAY, FEB. 10, at 8 p.m. Business : To select delegates to attend  Liberal convention at Nelson,  Wednesday, February 14.  W. V. JACKSON, Sebretaay  Top Gash Price  "��������������� ������������������' mmmmiimmiimK  Creston Womens' Institute is moot-  this afternoon. Among the matters  for adjudication in the raise in the  membership foe from fiO cents to $1���������  the boost having been ordered hy the  department after practically all the  members bad renewed their membership at the old figure���������and the quos-  tion of whether tea should bo seryod  after each meeting will also he discussed and voted on.  January contributions to Creston  branch of the Canadian i/atriotic  Fund totalled cIiiko to $500. In this  sum is included the money that was  paid to the eanvam-orn who took a-  roiiiid tbe lists last month and during  December on the annual roundup of  guarantors for this cauiio. The ean-  viihh is now complete excentat Kitchener. Deer Lodge mid part of Canyon  City, and the MHt of those guarantee-  i i������ijr    j.itil >i'i������,twti,M    will    lUUlciil     tH'Xt.  | week.  f.o.b. TRAIL, B.C.  WANTED for tho Highest  ~   Cash Price at Trail:  G  reoi  u salt-cured Cow and Steer Hides  17c. pei* lb.  Green salt-mired Oalf Skins under 15  pounds, 20 to 25c. por lb.  Green Halt-cured Bulls, Stags and Ox  Hides, 12 to 18c. par lb.  Green and Frozen Hides 2 to Bo. por  pound less than salt-cured hides.  Dry IT-J.l. USdon a:i<! OMf f*%ln*-\ 90 to  25o. por Ib,  Will also purohaHO Wool Pelts,  Shearling's Wool and Mohair, Old  Rubber Boots, Old Copper and Brass.  Above prim," subject to the fluctuations of tho market. Ooraespondenoo  promptly and cheerfully answered.  h. RFRMHFIM.Trail. R.G.  OWN       *nW mm* U kt tt  ������* W W torn- m  f to ��������������� y       |..    i ,. ���������> ������������������   m       ~ ���������   ~  ..We have this week opened   .  up our new Spring Stock of  Window  Shades, Lace  Curtains, Scrims in printed ind plain*  effects, Curtain Poles, Brackets  &c, in Wood and Brass.  Look for prices on New���������-  Wash Goods next week.  <p  leroan  LIMITED  yet the Indians tell us,'and they generally know.  If you were hoping to get through on a  makeshift last-year outfit you will hardly  be able to make it stick.    And why take  chances when we offer you  Heavy woollen Socks, Arctic Socks and  Rubbers, Mackinaw Coats, Heavy Underwear, Woollen Mitts, Pullovers, Heayy  Shirts,' Leather Gloves,   and Helmet Caps  BUY NOW.    You will save money���������and ������et  through  the  cold weather in solid; comfort.  On all these lines we offer exceptional prices, as we  have not room to carry them  until next season*  rTSLfllC     Hi  *J-&QlC$Ofi.  General Store Phone 81 Creston  While the price  of Lumber  has advanced from  $1 to $2  per    thousand   feet   we   still  have o;ood   No.   2  ZS <*���������  Sftiptap, Boards & Dinsions  at $11 per M.  Canyon City Lumber Company  LIMITED  JiJIL',.'^������^.**^^  ���������mi  SB  aBgaHiiiMa  'iiS'^Mtl^^^  MUM  mmm****  rnqtrnfttmrn  m**t*mm  tmmmmmmmm  i������ia!������Mi^^


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