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Creston Review Oct 15, 1915

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Vol. VII.
Ko. 39
H. Brownrigg returned on Thanksgiving Day from Coaldale, Alberta,
where jhe has been harvesting for a
month'past. He reports they have
had some snow and plenty-of cold
weather in fche lethbridge section.
Frank Staples left the early part of
the week for Morrissey Mines and is
now on duty as guard at the alien internment camp at that point.
Mr. and Mrs. Levesque were Port
Hill visitors on Sunday.
E. M^artin mourns the loss of one of
his milch cows which passed away
rather painfully on Friday last as the
resnltrbf too big a feed on dry beans
on the Stanley ranch, followed by a
big drink of water*
Mvsi E. Martin left last week for a
shortA^isit with friends at Cranbrook.
Miss G. Cartwright, teacher at
Moyie, spent Thanksgiving at "��� her
homejhere. She was accompanied by
Miss Snider.
R. Sinclair has the job of harvesting
the potato crop on the Leadbeater
ranch, George being absent on threshing operations in Alberta.
R. Dodd's and John Graham are
spending much of their time at Canyon City where they are loading lumber for the Canyon City Lumber Co.
As high aa Ave ears a week haye gone
out recently,    y " ���.
Fofc-Bfco haiyest is under way. in this
section but yields are not so heavy as
last year for some reason.
R. J. Long, is in the Kitchener country in quest of big game this week. In,
the absence of both Milt Beam and G.
Leadbeater Erickson is connfcing on
Bob to uphold the district's reputation in the hunting line.   ~
Walter Hall is in receipt of word
from his son, Will, that ha is in France
and by now willylikely 1^ mnder ;fire.
He reports locating a .former Valley
citizen in the person of "Lord Sundown" among those sent to fill vacancies in the 31st Battalion, to which
Billy is attached. He also .mentions
falling in with Bob Graham who, since
being wounded some months ago, is
now on military police duty at Shorncliffe.
Miss Dorothy Smith of Port Hill
was a guest of Mrs. W. W. Hall on
The W.C.T.U. is having an open
meeting in the schoolhouse this Thursday evening. Rev. R. E. Pow is to
deliver an address.
the effect thar Matt. Hagen is
spoon-feeding a Flemish Beauty
pear and hopes to be able to report
something biggex. than the Barton
jumbo before snowfall.        H:^'-
Owing to the 13)14-15 mild winter
the supply of wood required for the
schorl this year is about two cords.
Andy'Matthews, has the contract
filled already yet so soon.
Mrs.. John Johnson of Duck
Creek was here on Wednesday for
the Soldiers' Ladies Aid meeting.
All the ladies are heartily invited
to join in the good work.
Miss Olga Wigen of Duck Creek
was a week-end guest of Miss Alice
Jack Boydell is reported to have
startled the residents of Duck
Creek or Tuesday. While shooting on the lake at that point he
gathered, in three Mallards at one
one shpt from his big game rifle.
Can you beat it, anyone.
ivfts. F. L. Carpenter will receive
Thursday, Oct. 21st.
Barrister C. R.'.Hamilton, of Nelson
is ��. visitor here to-day.
Mrs.. James Johhsf otie y of; Nelson
was a visitor here yesterday on Women's Institiute matters.
C G. Bennett spent Thanksgiving
Day with Mrs. Bennett and children,
who are still in Cranbrook.
could not get past the recruiting officer. At Winnipeg he is confident he
will connect with the medical corps,
or any other corps that will get him
into the fighting, and the best wishes
of Jan army of. friends throughout the
Valley go with him.
��� Patriotic concert and dance in Mer-
'cabtile Hall on Thursday evening,
Oct. 21st, under tRed Cross auspices.
Admission 50c. Children 25c. Re-
fresi___e_its served. Proceeds in aid of
British Red Cross and St. John Ambulance Societies.
.-...-Geo. John-ion lefton Wednesday on
a business trip to. Nelson, Miss Zalla
Johnson accompanied him.
For, Sale���Di-vitifg horse, top buggy
and harness. The whole outfit for
$100.   Apply Review Office.
Geo.   Gunn,   &   faimev    provincial
police officer at Creston, now at New ���
Denyer, arrived in town yesterday.^
The sacrament of the Lord's
Reel Cross Having
Creston Red Cross workers have
decided to co-operate with the
other Canadian centres in a special
effort to raise funds for the British
Red Cross Society work by having
a patriotic concert and dance in
Mercantile Hall on Thursday evening next (Trafalgar Day) Oct. 21.
It is proposed to have  a concert
programme until 10.3.6, after which
a  dance  will  follow   and   refresh-
*m'_ri.s^8erv_-_.'���'���'''  -"J---"  '"'������ '',"-._;.������
The admission to the entire affair
is 50e., children 25c. As it is a purely  patriotic  affair  the   ladies are
asked to provide the refreshfiiehts.
The Red Crofs ladies are hard at
work getting up  a  really line programme,   while    the   "hop"  afterward will be equally enjoyable.
The proceeds will be devoted entirely to relieving fche sufferings of
our wounded soldiers and sailors
from home and overseas at the various seats of war. In such a worthy cause a crowded house should
be on hand Thursday evening next.
will be dispensed afe the morning service in Creston- Presbyterian Church
on Sunday.
Creston had four degrees of frost on
Thursday of last Week, the mercury
at the observatary.y getting down to
28 that morning.      .
Creston Methodists will have their
anniversary services and usual Monday evening concert the early part of
November this year.
R. B. Beattie of the Beattie-Murphy
Co., Cranbrook, is here this week in
charge at the drugstore   until" a sne-
Mrs. Barton's iumbo ;i3-in ch Clapp's
Favoritepear held the championship
for just one  week.   Yesterday   Tom
Butterfield wrote us from Duck Creek
that on the N. Craigie ramch there's a
Bartlett that measures 16 inches from
top to bottom and on around,   to the
point  of    commencement.     If    Mr.
ButterSsld's veracity had ever   been
questioned, even at Alice  Siding,   we
would require an  affidavit,   but even
in. this extreme ease   we   accept   the
���the    statement-; of    D.C.'s    modern
George Washington unhesitatingly.
Muek Oreek
 J-���   -aiff-.     TV.T ��"��>__    ._.
CflSS.Il*   VXS   i-Ut'.    _.VAV.__*��-C-<-*�����_��   *���_.   <
Mr. Ogilvie, superintendent of the
provincial fish hatchery at Gerrard,
went up the Goat river on Tuesday in
quest of cutthroat trout spawn.
Up to time of going to press construction had not commenced on the
extension ofy the government telephone line from Sirdar to Ci'eston;
A Sjrdarha^aniexppVt" trad
cars of cinders oti   Tuesday.. Section-
foreman Romano and crew are- * 'dolling" up the Creston yard with fchem.
A. Lindley returned* on Tuesday
from a trip along the Crow and reports considerable success in disposing of a slice of theValley's 1815 potato
Two cars, principally apples, are being loaded at the Fruit Growers Union warehouse this week, and at least
another two cars will go out by local
What will probably be the Valley's
final shipment of plums went out on
Wednesday, J. W. Dow and C. C.
French dividing the .asfc-of-fche-season
/BBBce S8tiBn&
Principal Dougherty of the Alice
Siding school, < spent the Thanksgiving vacation with friends in
Chas. Sutcliffe was along the
Hats on Tuesday looking for a few
cattle to fill upa ear fche P. Burns
Co. was shipping to Nelson, He
got a couple of head From Victor
The plum and tomato harvest ia
completed now, and another three
wooks will see the finish of the winter apples and all other vegetables.
Mrs. Churchill was hostess at
this wosk's mooting of tho Soldiers
Ladios1 Aid on Wednesday afternoon.    In spite of tho threatening;
WCili'l-OV t'_.n turnnni., vu-n.n n./iri'..
Tn addition to ducks and grouse
local hunters are now bagging an
occasionnl r.nipe. Mewrn. Boydell,
Pease aud Dick Smith take turn
aboufc night-watching for tho qurly
snowfall, so as to bo llrst to tho
hills for tho deer.
Misses Alice Carr, Jtufch Smith,
'Bertha and Mrs. Pease, and   Dick
ijilll.ii     ��-..t*     ,__,���4 .     .��  v....  - . ".      ' ;\'
Alice Siding  quota  at the Friday
night, dance at Creston.
Advices trom
Grand Forks fall fair paid out $1,875
in prize money this y.-.ar.
1,700'workers from Canada are now
employed in ISnglish munition factories.
Canada';-* net, debt is now $181,841,038
���an increase of $141,455,010 in the
past year.
The United States will increase its
standing army to 120,000 men, with a
trained reserve of iTO.OOO.
The marriage of President Wilson to
Mrs. Norman Gait of Washington,
will tako place in November.
Great Britain has now * a million
mon on tho firing lino in Fiance and
500,000 more ou fche way there.
1016has proven the best sea_on on
record for tho C.P.It. hotels at Banif,
Fiolfli Lake Louise and Glacier.
The exhibits at Greenwood fair this
year were not us numerous as forme.r-
fcy. The -how of poultry was really
At Greenwood fair, Joe Duhamol
hud n minitower 15 foot high, and some
tobacco grown on his ranch near
The United States wheat crop is ju_t
ovc��r one billion bushels-ll 1,000,000
bushels better than the highest previous year. 1012.
The lied Ovohh has been advised to
iiM fnv iiM.txr.MJl.il> fmi>i-'ti.l>/i< OH iltlll-loi'l.,
mlttf- and uox.   Tho muttloin should be
51 Incho- long  and 10 inchrt. wide avid
the hox at leant 12 Inches long and an
Dnek deck are to ' U-lneh foot,
. Rev. Mr. Mahood of Queen's Bay
will conduct morning service in Christ
Church on Sunday at 11 o'clock. There
will celebration of Holy Communion
at the close.
Mr. and Mrs. M. Boyd spent the
Thanksgiving holidays with Kitchener
friends. Maek had hisrifie along and
brought four grouse back with him
on Tuesday.
The next social fixture is fixed for
Saturday evening, October 5.0, when
Christ Ohureh Ladies Guild aro having a hallowo'en social and dance in
the Paiish Hall.
The Overseas Club Tobacco Fund
subscription Hat at the bank stood at
$11 yesterday noon, A letter from tho
club acknowledging receipt of $1.60 ia
also In evidence. Have you contributed yetP
Tho ladles aro reminded of tho meeting Speers' Hall on Thursday afternoon, Oct. 21st, to complete tho organ**
i'/atiou of Creston Valley Women's
Institute. Mrs. Johnstone of Nelnon
is expected to bo present.
Owing to the very rainy evening
the fortnightly whti>t driv<> ui Jl.<
Itomun Catholic rectory was not iih
largely attended a�� usual. The top-
scorers on Wednesday night were
MIhh Lyda Johnson and Mr. Van
Creston lost one of her mnt-tpopuhir
and quite an old-time citizen ou Tueti-
dav. when W. MeBcan, who haw been
manager of the drugstore for homo
years pa-st, left for Whmlpej/. BUly
hiiH been trying for montl.H to go to
the front but owing to hi��   small   size
F. Samon of Proctor and H. E.
Dill of Nolson, who have been
camping on Lewis Island, were
Dubk Creek callers on Friday.
Mrs. W. B. Embree and children
and Miss Audrey Craigie of Creston; spent .����� long week-end at
Duck-Creek, guests of Mrs. F. J.
May.   ...
Miss Barbara Mawson, Creston,
was in Duck Creek from Saturday
to Monday, visiting Miss Florence
A large party from _Duck Creek
wereJ present i?at the - i b&nd _. dance
on. Friday? last; atv' Crest'iom ~a-nd
greatly appreciated the new music.
A most enjoyable evening was
spent by all.
Duck Creek was represented at
fche Presbyterian chicken dinner by
Miss Anna Hagen and T. Butterfield.
W. Green of Winnipeg, and Bob
Dixon left on Tuesday for a little
jaunt into the hills in front of Sirdar.    Prospecting.
No letters have been received
from the boys on the firing line.
John Cooper left on Tuesday for
Morrissey where, in company with
a number oE members of the Creston company of the 107th Regiment, he will do guard duty at the
alien enemy internment camp.
John was 18 years of age in July
and Morrissey may only be the first
stop en route to Berlin.
It is reported that Pte. J. Johnson did not accompany the draft
from the 48th Battalion to France,
but that he was taken ill a few
hours before fche fcroops loft and
therefore had to be left in the hospital at Shornoliffo. No further
details as to his complaint or condition are to hand.
Mr. and Mrs. J. J., Grady were
Creston callers on Wednesday and
attended the whist drive at the K.
C. rectory.
Mien Violet McPeak of Vaneouf
ver is staying with Mrs. Grady.
Onco more Mr. Craigie has come
to onr rescue and Duck Creek can
uiiu'm conn: back at her chnHcnger..
with a Barllett pear, grown on tho
Norman Craigie ranch which,
whon cut open down the contro
and measured from stem to top
went 8 iuebeft. This measured all
all tho way round would have
beoii 1ft Inches at the very least,
and bus Mrs. Barton'i Clapp'n
Favorito beaten   by   many  inches.
Miss G. Knott, who is teaching at
Glenlilly. spent Thanksgiving with her
parents, Mr and Mrs. F. Knott.
Mrs. B. Snyder was; a visitor with
Mrs. Hall last week on her way home  '
from a visit with friends at th�� coast.
��� ������������' Mrs. F. -Cornell and children, who
have spent tue past few months at the
old home in Michigan, returned jto the
Canyon on Sunday.
The school how shows an enrolment
of 29 pupils, with an average daily attendance of 22.
Potato harvesting is the order of the
day hereabouts. The Irish apples are
an average crop hereabouts.
Mrs. Rodgers and Floyd took advantage of Friday's fine weather for a.
motor trip through the Canyon...
Little Helen Pochin celebrated her
fifth anniversary on ^Vednesday lust
when a birthday party was giyen to a
number of her young friends. The
Kemp children fx-om AEviekson were
among the out of town guests.
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Waylett spent
Sunday with Creston friends, making
the trip on the new motor cycle. With
a few more trips over the course Fred
will be able to. at least equal Dick
Bevan's best Ford time.
The demand for lumber still keeps
up. This week the company is reported to have received an order for 20
*f*. _-��-_ .XI      fc $ *^-. -ft...���v_-_-_V-_.��_ 1      *D1 ���-_������-     .. ��.��_. \m _\/l
j.u.1*  C4--.1U- i.ui.c.1   -v.*-**,-__.��-���___*'--ai j__p-l_-_&__   <��.���. * _ * ��..��%
home on Monday from a  two weeks'
trip to Winnipeg.
Mr. Mudie is a visitor ih Alberta at
Fraser Bros, are planning to commence the erection ' of a commodious
barn shortly. ..-JJa.
Con. Hall has' secured^the contract
:_"_"'     ..' ,:    t-t__-.     txT.. _���.._    ���  .��.   ���
, lUOItuay S   ._-<__su_i   _.-.��_ v. s   mm   nueu-
patch frotti Vernon that J. B. Wood
and J. W�� Carfra were drafted fiom A
Company for oversells service. No details as to departure were given.
Messrs. Huscroft and Aikins of
Creston went up Goat River on Tuesday.
Miss Nederlid is spending a few days
with friends at Yahk. '....'
. .. ....��� ��� ���   *��� *.
G. A. Hunt was at Goatfell   for  a
week baling hay.
Mrs. G. A. Hunt and daughter spent
a week with friends in Creston.
Rev. Archdeacon B^er of Kaslo
spent a few days after birds around
Kitchener and was lucky enough to
gefc a deer with a shotgun..
Had only the idea of leave of absence
occurred to hiin a little earlier Dr.
Dumba might haVe ��� carried his own
Mi-, and Mrs. Boyd of Creston spent
Thanksgiving with Mr. and Mrs. G. A.
Me-si-s. Hunt and Miller were out
prospecting for ji, fow days on the east
fork and Cameron Creek.
Was it homesickness to see a real
bull moose that sent Col. Roosevelt
into Canada on a hunting trip.
Mr. Ogilvie of the provincial fish
hatchery at Gerard, is here looking
for cut throat trout spawn. Ho is accompanied by J. H. Schofield, M.P.P.,
Trail, and R. J. Long of Erickson.
Tho Russians having dug out, and
the Tiifcons having dug In, the Allies
now want, tho U.S. to dig up.
Japan has announced that she will
send the TtuHriiun army all the Hhells
thoy want. Jutita tow year.-, ago they
wot thorn more than thev wanted.
Lei's than 2 per cent of Canada's
male population bun enlisted for oversea*, service���the lowest of all the colonies. There aro 000,000 nialcs in
Canada of military age.
I  .-IV.     l,|lf!|,   I III.
.,, \. II. xfttt. J
i.min   �� iiiiiij
la well in  hand  the Canadian govern-*
Ment   will   out     down   the   Mounted
Now, Mr. Editor, will you be good.' Police force from 1,500 t*> 000 men.
,^A.,��,\%i wi^gi������V������c>*n-W-_B_B_&a--aax  swb_���������aALj.agaflS���������agttfi'.nfJj.'Bj'wga  _-S  ffiHE BEYI3SW, COESTOISr, B, &:l  TK.ra-_r_t.,.riW----���������--<_______!  aw_afctaa___5gBEg;^a  '_ r- l-M��������� I   IIV A ��������������� -.    "*3  ptKrumtD  Cause   For  Tears  From the bedroom of the twin boys  came the mingled -ovmds of loud  weeping and hearty laughter, so  father went tin to investigate.'  ���������'What's the matter up here?" lie.  in qui "rod.  The joyous twin indicated his weeping brother. "Nothing;," lie chuckled.,  "only nurse has given Alexander two  but lis and hasn't given m. any.''  Minard's   Liniment   for   sale   everywhere.  Compulsory   Service   in   Straits  The Straits Settlements is tlu*  first  ion-  tn  >..>���������*  ish Km Pi re. lo o nit. in  i compulsory military -S.viee. By a bill  ! passed by the legislature nil men be-  I tween  tha ages ot eighteen and  llity-  t;  ar.   ordered for trauiin_c.  THE ONLY CURE FOR  ^*^gKaaag=^^  n"5TT^   *   **"  nT5i,*B' * i*f  WfcAK MVMAU!  What Germany Has  Lost J ,. ..        "   " "  ,        ���������.     .,  Germany has lost three million men, ! InGlg'estiOIl        and        bllMlar  approximately 5 pet* cent, of her papa-j    Tr.V_._Vp������. Mirct ho>  TrPltpd  Union.     Sh?   has   lost   h.v   island   col- j     i ruliU-t-b 1VIUJ-L WC   _Lr<_������iU.U  ouies in the Pat-irk', her West African! Thl*Ollo*h   til������   Blood  nd.so_.io-  e'Ut be treated in  many  possesstou-.   lier   1'on.iried   outpost   of;  Kiatt   Chun���������more     than     a     million i  square miles of Cermati territory and | wa>'** but it can only be cured in on?  more titan ten mHlioa people who at- !, ^"ay~ihrough tue biood. Purgauves  kaowi:*-dge *he Germ'.a rule She ''us ��������� "-'AUhoi cure indigestion. By main  been d**iv^_" front'.'.e~<ea_T " The ^h'ips', t'*-,IV~ *��������� I1 <?>' "Jove on the food stilt uidi-  o. her great meiviium ii..i have _������r* St*sUMl* Thal��������� ���������-ien* '-he whole sys-  ���������lesiroysd or have sought refuge in;,em* uses un 'he natural jtuegs and  h-sr home waters or in "ueitira* *. or. Heaves the stomach and Im. vols .pat oh-  Her foret-ra trade lias been annihil-u- ��������� cd "<���������* -������ ��������� u is act _a.lv a cause of  :���������.{-.���������._.m,*     -v.i.���������������-,-*   iiuitge>t.ion���������not   a   cure.     Others   try  *-���������.-t  P _> r-  en   tor   some   precarious     exchanges  through, the  Baltic- Sea, aitd  the iit.1- i pre-atgested     toods     and     pop_on*7,_'t  traSiv she carries ou  furtive;-.* across. dregs.     Dm   drugs   which   digest   the  :erritorv of h..iral _iei--.h**H>r?. OH 1'������-H'- lor l'ae stounu-U really weaken its .  _-_;.^   --v..-* "m.!'v "n-H-v'n.iiv "-.>���������!. ; tKnv.r ami makes th.   trouble chronic, i  HIll3  ao-ive���������ail I 'a*������ dtgosuve organs can uever do the  -*. en <ent to the 1 wc*I"k  properly   until  ihey   are   strong  "        enough  to do it  themselves.    Nothing  can give tiie stomach that power but  the new. rich, red blood so abuiulatit-  supplied     by     Dr.   Williams'   Pink  niartna-.   are  a.  the r3S-  have  _:  bottom, by her enemivs  -75*-,  t.eeanse ���������  lesr  ut   me   enemy   j;..?  cc-i*ec-iLe_i  VS'iihelmshafen  or  Kiel. And  her .u.   , ,  marine boats i*_���������?a  f_-- her v.o iv,V.A-\rv \ -'A  ,An'f\ Piilj"-    So    trie reason for the success  of    this    m.dicine    is plain.'   Nothing  _ d v a n t a sre:    . h e y  i- .- i ���������  e__.-i_y   witaout  ing  po-.vt.r.���������Ne  Ul.-liiiSlllUS    it;  v   Y_.r"_   Times.  _~'u-  Certuin morbid eoaditioas must exist in the stomach and in. ;sii;.es io  encourage worms, and they --.-Hi exist  as long as these morbid _om.Iir.ion_  permit theni to. To be rid of them and  spare the child suffering, use Miller's  Worm Powders. They wi* I correct  the digestive irregularities by destroy  ins:   the   worms  <;'.,'. stimulate the glands and nothin*  e_��������� absorb the nourishment from the  food but pure red bleod. And Dr. Williams' Pink Pills surpass all other  medicines in giving that new. rich  bleed. .Miss B- E. Johnson, Hemford,  N.S.. says: '-For months 1 was a  great sufferer from indigestion; food  of -any kind was distasteful to me, and  after eating l would suffer much. Naturally  I  grew  weak and  was  but a  That makes them neater, orisper, daintier, more appetizing.  The one biscuit good enough to ttxlco tho place of your own baking,"  Frcr-h aa the bi.scuils front your own oven.  Think what that means!   Freedom from a broiling kitchen���������leisure on the porcfe  or "ut the parlor.    Time to do the little knick-knacks that have been neglected.  cause.  conditions favorable Shadow of my former self. I was lak  to worms wnWUsappear. ana die tana -Ug a doctor's prescription, but it did  v.-i-.l have no more snfiertng trom ti.r.t . not hsin me in the least. Then I read  j of  a   case  similar  to  my  own  cured  ; through the use of Dr. Williams' Pinlc  Pills  and  I  decided to try  this medi-  ; cine.     l.y     the  time  1   had  taken  six  : boxes  the trouble had entirely disappeared, and T could eat heartily ot ail  kinds of food-    More than this I found  ��������� n.v   general   health   greatly  imnroved 1  ; through    the    use of the Pills.    I can j  i therefore   strongly     recommend     Dr.  ��������� Williams' Pink Pills as a cure for in  Wireless in Antarctic  One of the objects of Sir E.  Siu-ckelton's present South Polar Expedition is to establish a wireless station in the Antarctic, the staff to be  relieved once a year The main purpose of the station would be to keep  the civilized world acquainted with  the   meteorological   conditions  around  Are the creamiest, crispest crackers made.  Thoy arc baked in the big sanitary factory iu Winnipeg���������  right at your vory door.  Use IVlOOif-EY'S  and   be   sure   of   a   biscuit   that   is  absolutely fresh; a biscuit that uill satisfy the family,  Mil   ���������   i���������������������������_!-���������-���������     ���������        *������������������ ���������^W___���������-     -_ ���������������  -  In tempting packages or sealed tins  as you prefer.  "LET SViOOMEY DO IT"  siii-ce  that  time, ;  '. i��������� riviri_._     _. .     tIt*>  the Pole. Theoreticallv the power of ! digestion.'  such a . taiicu no act not be verv great : Y������11 <-an Set these Pills through any  for a long distance transmission: but j dealer in medicine or by mail, post  during Capt. Scott's Antarctic invest!- Paul, at 50 cents a box or six boxes  gations it was discovered that the i fo!' $--r>������ trom The Dr. Williams' Medi-  Aurora australis (the South Pole i cm- Co-. B.cckviUe, Ont.  eciuivalent  of  the   Aurora  borealis   i:i  high   northern   latitudes;,   by   -damp-j     -Irs.  Homespun���������This paper says a  ing" the ether waves, somewhat, ooiui-  t.rbalancod the lessened interference  of sunshine.  wife  in  Formosa costs  five dollars.  Mr. Homespun���������Well, a good wife k  worth   it.  mop _an   war.  men    which  A ,  bad-  Scientific   Station   in   Spitzbergan  Tha   German   SeientiUc   Station   in  Spitzbergen,     which   was   founded   in  1911 by Professor Hergese-l, and has  been   constantly   in   operation,   stmv  mer    and    winter,  ceased  its  valuabl.  outbrsak   of   the   1  party   of   scientific:  sailed    for Spitsbergen to relieve the  staff   was   recalled,  and   the   party  at ;  tha station also succeeded  in getting !  back    to    Germany    safely    with all I  their   instruments   and   other   equip-]  ment.     This     institution   lias   carried j  on    extensive    investigations of    the I  upper  air  with  haloons,   and  was,  in [  fact,  founded  primarily to   study  the j  conditions likely    to be    encountered j  by   tha   expedition   which   Count  %ep-1  pelin   proposed  to  take  to  the  North  Pole  in  an  airship.  MOTHERS!  Won't   fail   to   procure  MRS. WINSLOW'S SOUTHING SYRU?  r-'cr   Your   Children    While    Teething  It soothes tbe Child. Soften.*, the Gtimfi.  /.buy*,  th-  Pain.  Dispels Wind  Colic,  and  is   the   Best   Kemedy   for   Infantile   Diar-  rnoc-a.  t-.ENTT-FIVE CENTS A BOTI--  St. Isidore. PQ��������� Aug. 1.3. 1S9..  Millard's Liniment Co., "Limited.  Gautlemen.-rl have fr_.iut_ntly used  MINARD'S LlNIMl-N'T and al'.p prescribe it. I'or my patients always with  the most gratifying results, and I cou-  stcler it the best all-round Liniment  exlauL.  Yours truly,  DR. JOS.  AC-J.  rflROIS.  Where The Speed Comes  From  The   r.tesl-lining is   _ho  secret of  "Speed  Shells"  success.     An exclusive  feature of  "NITRO CLUB" and "ARROW" SHELLS  It -trentf-hen.- the head. Permit*! l*if#h compvefision. Pro vent tuiido-  .'.pan-ion. Pitta ALL the power into a'-truircht, hnrrl drive.  Practically��������� n f-'ini within a [run. 'fry ;\ box. l'rovo for yournelf  that "Speed i-lioll-" r/c��������� nioV'f hii'd.i.  The Expert's Choice  I,      ,1     ..<.:.. jli. yf.,lit- U lw.        ������lrjlU.U,������IJJ     .J/I.l     tj.l.l, ,1 i," 1       l���������.l,Jiu  thin -.un I'm* :\ moinent.    Thon you'll undcmlnnd why only  t.lu' l.'Miiitij.ti.u can : ati.l'y tIt... ���������_������������������.per_'.-*. need-. ' 22  Remington  Anns - Union   Metallic  Cartridge   Co.  ifUmtrfirtiini In llu- J:iilir.H Iiiiwrittt nnd (Aidmliil (tovcrnnmitti)  France and the War  Ono of the lliieht thing.-, in all history is the manner in which l''rn.n���������_  has arisen to her re.jjji.n.iil.ilit.l03 dnr-  ng tha war. The nation has almost,  been reborn since AngUiU. 2 of hunt  year. .Thuho of us who did not accept  the idea *.;o diligent.!:.- propngah-d by  norni'iny, tlmt t'l'Mncc wa.t decadent,  worn not Indisposed to think tliat. hor  people hnd b'X'onio frivolous and lit-in-  i:iM'(������. We have .'_.n them reach a  height of Hell'-ilenhil and heroic endeavor without parallel lu the conn-  try's bisloiy and unstii passed In the  nnnals of iminlilnd.���������Victoria t'olon-  int.  fHtS NEW Pf-Ef-CH REMEDY. N������..N_2. ____--  ~ ' 8/r>__3 Used .n Ifrench  _Sta������?_^_ Hospitals with  treat success, cukes chronic weakness, lost visok  A V.'M KinSEY. nLADDER. OlSEABES. DI.OOD TOISOH.  PILES. KiTIlBR NO. LH.IJ(.G1ST_ or MAIL Si. POST 4 CTS  TOUGHRA CO. 30   B-SKM.IS ST. N _\V VOKK or LVH AN BROS  t'orosto.   write for FREE book to or. Ue Ci.ano  U_U.CO,HAVERSTOCKRD.IlAMPSrEA-   LONDON   UNO.  TRVNE\VDIi:A'il_ElTASTK_,ESS>roRMOF     EASV  TO  TAKS  __!-   _?_   ___& ^ (f^ S^B     SAFE AND  in__m.->*'a^_vti'^i lasting cok*.  ���������ZS THAT TKADE M.MIKF.D WORD 'TIIERAflON IS OM  (MUX. GOVT.31'AUf AFFIXED TO ALL G-t-Ul-E PACKBIC  WINNIPEG GRAIN EXCHAHOE  Licensed and Bonded Dealers'  DIRECTORY  Deal wilh the Pioneer Company Organized and  owned by farmers.   Grsin handled on consignment  or on ir���������__.    Absolute sccurhy, prompt returns.  GRAIN  GROWERS GRAIN CO.. LTD..  160 McDcrmot St., Winnipeg, or  .00   Douglas  Block, Calgary  Trying to Rouse Feeling in Spain  "Ever since the war began Germany  has been trying to hypnotize Spanish  opinion by the prospect of regaining*  possession of Gibraltar,'' says the Gazette.  "It   is   undei'Hlood    thnt  has now gone farther and  elaborate   program     for  sion  df  Morocco   between  Germany.  "For Home time German us?nt.s  have been active at. ..Madrid trying  to -tir tip re-el ins against, the Allies  in hope of inducing Spain to try to  seize Gib-altar, now owned by  Gr.at Britain.  Germany  traced un  the     divi-  Spain  and  War!..' are disfigurements that disappear when treated with llolloway'a  Corn Cure.  English in Rusuinn Schools  The ICnglish language is lo bo _ub-  -litutod for German In most of the  c.imino.e.hil -choc-hi of ItUH-ia a������ one  of thu compulsory subject- of the curriculum. This step was ordered by  the minister of llnnnce, nt. the retinoid, of the school authorities.  It pays to ship your grain to a reliable  Commission Firm. Best attention given  to consignments.  GOODERKAM &   MEUAOY CO., UTD..  Grain  Exchange. Winnipeg   Ship to SAMUEL SPINK. Pioneer Grain Commission Merchant, tor best results. Gradeo carefully watched���������Sales made to best advantage���������  Prompt returns. Try us. Shipping bills on request.  206 Grain Exchange, Winnipeg, Man.  R. lerence���������Union and Royal Banks.  Ship Your Grain To  BARTLETT Be LANGILLE  Grain Commission Merchants, 510 Grain Exchange  A reliable firnn who aim to give satisfaction. Special  attention   given   to   grading.     Liberal   advances  mnde.   RAN3ALL, GEE & MiTCHELL, i_.T__.  GPAliM COMMISSION  drain  Kxchauge,     ���������*     ���������     Win nip.g  Minneapolis,        ���������       I.ttlnth     THOS. BROD1E. S. A. HARGRAFT.  Mui-u_-- Scc-ueax  UNION GRAIN COMPANY, LTD,.  CI.AIN   COMMISSION   MERCHANTS  602 Grain Exclmnce. ��������� *        Winnipeg, Man.  THE CONTINENTAL GRAIN CO.. LTD..  Ueontied, Bonded,aoltcilfl your ornin coi._ii_mi.ent-.  Liberal  Advances���������Prompt returns.  227   OMIN   -XCIIAMat:,  WINNIPEG. ������������������ ��������� M*jl*   For good reuullii und bent service ship your [.rain  lo   thi..   nearest!vo and   expeiionced Commisjior.  Housc, always ready to buy your i.ruin on tracU.  DLACKBURN ft MILLS.  5-.- Grain Exohnnno^ --������������������ Winnii-Ci. ^  IiTtOMO-ILE DEALERS''"  DIRr_CTORY  London, Brig,  WINDSOR,   ONT. Noxv York. U.S.A.  j_ii|_ii.m���������.,miiii.,i,iii.._.  .,    _. ...,..������������������������������������.,.,..    .   .^n-��������� ���������    ���������|.r.|  i-mi vi-niMiini   .,   irlr-{r  /.m'im i.i.*.   ..i,viiTiM.ifcr *nv   .v*������i ������ v./*"������������������-.���������  x#i.������.'������i%,������-ij������ ti mj ������ 4'f\tt fnxx.*.* x     v. <. i.iji.vmi  110   UrllVr!!!,ITV   AVI.A - - - TORONTO,   CANADA  I   i > '1 *��������� ���������'    i In-    i-iiiilliil    uf llu-    I ' ���������piiil i. 11 Ml     ol A,;i ti n',11:, i<    ii,    t.'iil.u lit.  A lllllnl'-it Willi   tli'4*   liii . i*i ..il y hi*    | iu on 111.  coi.i..i_r_!-   1.1: .f-ipr_N!.   i'hidav,   UiT   octour.i:.   ion  **.\i-i;;.i������at_ "ii- si*:nt hn aiw-U'Wtihn,  ���������,    ,.,   ,\,    . i.....,.,.,   ....  ...   Ueeful In Camp.���������I .xploi'-r., siirvpy*  oi'*', pi'u-PLii'lui's and liUiiti-i'iH will Hnd  Dr. Tlionius' l'.nloci v\v OU vory iniol'nl  in camp. Whon t.uo ._. t ami logn aro  wet, ami ..mlil il is woll to rnh thorn  frt-uly wllh th. Oil ait'l the rci-tilt.  will ho tlio pi'i'VinUlon ot' pains In lho  iniii'-lo:i, and uliouhl it cut, ov rnntim-  Ion, or upraln ho Himtiilnod, nothing  could ho Ii.'Ulm' us a ilri'.-islnj; or lo-  I ion,  "hid y������nr'wiiicii -lop \%hon II. dropped on th. Hour'.'" iisld'd oin> man ol'  lil.i iVIonil.  "Ol" cnnrno,'' was tho answer. "Did  you  |111nk  It   wauld i.o ilimn!**!!'.'"  In view ol' Lord J-Hoholiiiwii'** ofl'or  ol' a lliou.iand pounds lo any Itrlliali  iiinnun   who  tdiould   . norooil   In   d"--  (   I I il.   I'll',      il       /i'*|l|������l*lil|,      iil-:      ,M/,liil,tl      i.f  I'ai'l,.,     anki'd   lilm    wholln-r   ���������'l-'r.-timh  ' :*.!i':i!,*,i   would    !>.���������     allow.-.!   !.j   .-.!���������:��������� r<*  , In   I lii-iio   ina.'.nilii itiil   iiii/.cn."  1     "Ol'   c iiu-uc."   coplloil   Lord    Mlohi'I-  I liiuii, "I  iii'vi-' lliouivlu  ki   riiukiui; any  '     ���������"       '   '��������� '   !        ���������; l-l  ........ <.-...,    . -, I,-  , men and oui-rt."  DREEN MOTOR CO,, WINNIPEG.  l'ai'tory (lislrilmtors for IMaiiitolia r.tui  Sasknti'howan for StitdehakorOarri, C<n.������l  tiTtitory open for live ������.-.*,'���������-��������� nts.  ti in noDcc t3no_, motor <-**.--������������������  "The car that apeid's lor lUell '  CADILLAC MOTOR BALEG CO , LTD,.  WINNIPr.G  -iilril.iitor** for Manitobu and tiudial .htiwun. _-i._  for do>-criplivn llternlur-.   Some lerrllory stilt open  (or local nnenr.y.  IToailnohc-, alccp-  IcnMicn- nnd tlroil,  #11- n *���������* ir y t"o������������lhii--H |  Hon.. il i h n i> l> o a i"  tv!ioi_ yon rcKlori.  vtR'm- Jo tlio OS-  hunzted nervr.-i I������y  lining-; l>r. ChnHu't.  Nt>i'%'t- Foot!   fiO renin n hov, nil  ilfnlcrfi or Kilminumi,  Vlu(in li: Co., J.lmltrd,  Tin nut u,  *tmm*m*n*imrtvmmhs^  Muj>mobi!e  LOWER IN PRICE  Greator In Valua  Got Ih . lDJli Cntolo������  .'. rmi  I,] *,V' ,".   CO..   LIMITI-D.   V/IUMS**'*'*.  \wmrni comp-Nies'  DtnCCTORY  V<iii would Ik' '-uriu'lunl lo l.ieiw lii>w  lllllo nioiii-y woiilil lut 111 * i ��������� t ���������.. t.. 11 > ��������� iu [>:���������)���������  li'i'l yiiui' I'm iu lis* or oiliit'*, If you wuiiM  llkii lo know wiriuiiil. caiuniiltlni. mho-  i.kII'. till I li Im Plank uiui null) lo II , It.  ������>iii|.,->.-,i    tivnoi'li   urn un i.,-i     Iiimh'iIiiI   Dli'.i  f AhMiraiii'i* t'o., soil I'nlon  Hunk  lltillilttiit.  I \viiiid|iM)r.  ' M,.  lull _..._.-..   ;,.      .  l .��������������������������� ii|i,il lull \ i til I. -: l.-   I   \sii*i  liiitu  ou,.;.   day  of 1'.    .  W.   N.   U.   I0/U  ���������____mi������Mi������_ iitw.llljlgl^.  ///  erHE-BEVXEiW. CBESTON, Off.- &  /  f������?  *������������ tf\  A, "t_r  .rimi^.-t-nrjK-  & va _.-*/___    a ������,_-������_____*.������_  UT a ii* ni_r_" _*. a _��������� a ti  ___>__,__  *_ *V      V- _&___������_. __._-.___r  ONLY  57 MILES  FROM  GERMAN FRONT TO DOVER  Favors Armour in War  Would Rather be in Calais than Paris, for once there the Invasion  oi   England would be a Possibility, but Their Chances of  Penetrating Solid Defence are Very Small  Only tifty-seven miles separate the gnns of the allies, it might he possible  German army on the western frontier ��������� tor Germany to make an attempt at  from Dover, and that army would landing a few army corps in the Brit-  rath er be iu Calais than in Paris, for   ish Isles.   At the present time the ap-  once there the invasion ������_ England  would become a possibility. Whether  it could succeed nobody can tell- Certainly it would be attempted. It is on  this account that from Dunkerque to  Calais, a distance of some nineteen  miles and a half, there is almost, a  solid British army. It is by no means a  front; it i_-a solid mass of troops and  fortifications and big guns, one flank  resting on the sea, tne other upon the  Frencn army to tha south. It is generally understood that if tbe Austro-Ger-  nian armies can dispose of tho Russians, can force them back into a position where they can be held hy a much  smaller force than is now pressing  against them, the- German plan to detach  every  man they  can    spare  to  -i__-_k.6   ujic  tSLox.  uC-.Ci_.lc 6iLu<- l   __r _i������.C_v  their way through the British forces  that stand on their way to Calais.  Before the'war began it was not supposed that any invasion of England  would be possible until the British  navy had been destroyed, and since  the British navy is the largest in the  world, the possibility of it being put  out of action was hardly considered.  It has, been learned, however, since  the beginning of the war that Germany has guns capable of hurling a  ton of metal a distance of perhaps 26  miles. In other words. Germany has a  gun that can drop a sl\ell from Calais  to   Dover,   and   some   miles   beyond.  A. Conan Doyie Suggests Shields and  Helmets    Fo.    Soldiers  Sir A. Conan Doyle, in a letter  printed in the London Times, advocates the use of armor in modern warfare.  "When Ned Kelly, the bush ranger,  walked unhurt -before the rifles of the  police, clad ir his own hand-made armor he was an object lesson to the  world," writes "Sherlock Holmes.', "If  the outlaw could do it, why not tha  soldier?"  "Such actions as that bf May 9,  where several brigades lost nearly  half  their number in  endeavoring t.j  ������  \l_U_.__ ^>VB______U6_.    A *\fri_������.    ___ UJ 1S J_ .  .f-*:_f__rW't mfsfB^-i  ������������������ J_NI\  _--__. _____*6**l__J___ __,_-*������ A WI  ff_���������._?--  j_ V  is. ������=������_���������*���������_ as _r__  ____.  7_-_C_.  SHOULD MAKE ATTRACTIVE AND SPECIAL DISPLAY  proaches to both Calais and Dover are  heavily mined, and any vessel attempting to reach either port unless in  charge of a pilot with a map of the  mine fields before him would be courting destruction*.  Unless these mine fields could be  cleared away the big German guns  would be useless, but mine fields can  be cleared, as has been proved by the  operations in the Dardanelles. The  best ss'stem is to explode mines in  the vicinity of anchored mines. This  may be done either by towing the  counter mines over the mine lields,  and exploding them by wires leading  from the towing boats, or it may be  done by naval guns drop'ping high explosive shells upon the mines., the explosion being timed to take place a  few feet under w.ater. Since it would  be necessary to clear a space of only-  some eighty square miies, it will b3  plain that the task would be no insuperable one. The big guns mounted at Calais and the Channel cleared  of mines, the Germans wuold then  sow mines of their own, and on the  inside of this narrow lane they could  operate their submarines. The peril  of warships entering the mined area,  in range of the Calais guns, the mine.3  themselves and the submarines would  be great. '  However, Germany will have to win  The Store in the Small Country Town has Opportunities that are  Denied to the Larger Towns, and their is Good Business  In Many Special Lines not Usually Carried in Stock  Ilow many of these guns Germany has | a greater victory than she has yet  nobody but the German authorities J achieved in this war before she can  know,  but  if she can make one  she   get to Calais, and once established in  can probably make a score, and when  one cont-n.nlfl.'s . battp.ry of twenty  of these guns firmly placed at Calais,  and not only dropping shells into  Dover, but commanding the English  Channel, the immense importance to  either side of holding Calais becomes  apparent.  The prospect of a gun hitting a ship  twenty odd miles away does not appear great until one understands how  the range is obtained. By means of  floating buoys the range may be ;.s  precisely obtained as though the target was on land- Control of the  Channel having been secured long  enough for the Germans to set out  their buoys, and destroy the mines  that now protect it. other mines could  be* sown, and guarded by a submarine  patrol and shielded by the huge guns,  which, so far as we know, outrange by  several miles the most powerful naval  Calais she will have to face attacks  f. r������rn i.n.H tan*^ ex*'1 c*00 t^^fcr**1 she can  get her big guns in position. Having  the guns mounted there, commanding  i no. English Channel, but a very narrow strip of it, her mine destroyers  and mine layers will have to face British ships operating on the outskirts  of the lane, out of range of the.big  guns, and yet'with the mine layers in  their range- Moreover, as she proceeds with her task of clearing the  Channel her shins will, come into  l-jahge of the British guns at Dover,  as "well as the guns of the British  ships Dear by. Finally, before any  landing is possible she will have to  smuggle her-fleet, or a part of it, out  of the Kiel Canal to guard her transports. On the whole, the Kaiser would  appear to have about exactly the same  chance of landing an army in England  that he has of winning this war.  rush over the -00 yards which separated us from the German trenches, must  make it clear that it is absolutely impossible for unprotected troops to  pass over a .zone which is swept by  machine guns. Theretore you must  either forever abandon such attacks  or you must rind artificial protection  for the men.       "*--.  "It has always seemed extraordinary to the writer that the innumerable  cases where a Bible, a cigarette case,  a watch, or some other c?.ar_ce art- , n���������.np t,-..  icle has saved a man's life have not * ly^t!:pnJlt a  set us scheming so as to do _y_temati-  cally what has so often been the result of a happy chance.  "Ac a man faces a hostil. rifle his  forehead and his heart are the only  points presented which are certainly  vital. Tho former would be protected  by su-c*j_ a helmet as the French have  now evolved. The second should be  covered by a curved plate -of highl/  tempered, steel, which need not be  more than a foot in diameter. With  this simple and light equipment the  two.centres of life are safe.  "With these precautions the death  rate should be greatly reduced from  rifle and machine-gun lire as also from  shrapnel. Nothing, of course, will  avail against a direct shell burst, but  granting that the individual life would  bs saved this Coes not bear upon tho  capture of a position, since so many  would fall wounded that the weight  cf the attack would, be. spout before  the stormers reached the trenches.  "For this armor whiGh will give  complete protection- is needed, and  since, as your, correspondents havo  shown, the weight of this is more than  a man can readily carry, it must he  pushed in front .upon wheels."  Sir Conan Doyle pictures r. great  number of plitcs, held together like  the shields of a Roman tortoise, and  Unless he has been there, the aver-  n^a person has only a. hazy idea of  what Gaspe is. He gets the name  mixed up wtih salmon, basin, penisula,  coast, etc., and only when he has landed safely at Bakers Hotel, does he  realize that there is a village bearing  the name of Gaspe, Que., with half a  dozen stores and a number of houses.  The chief industries are fishing and  lumbering. The population is approximately 1,000 and the town is located  on'the south side of the harbor formed  Britain's Concern  Scope of the Red Cross  For Canada^s Grain  Anxiety  Over the  Question of Ocean  Transport  British authorities are interested in  the movement of Canada's wheat this  fall. They have asked the Canadian  government for an estimat *��������� of the  (juantily which will be available for  export, and when the movement can  be started.  An estimate is being made by the  Grain Exchanges and similar authorities. An unofficial calculation  pinces the exportable amount of Canadian wheat at a hundred and seventy-  live million dollars' worth.  In Canada thero has been anxiety  over the question of ocean transport.  Tonnage has be.n short since the war  began. For a time it was difficult'to  secure ships to carry hay and oats  from Can it da to tne armies. The  British government solved' this-problem bv providing a fleet of eighteen  freight ship;?. It is hop;, a that tho  admiralty may do something of tho  same kind to help the movement of  wheat, this fall.  IL' the __rlt:sh authorities Uo this it  will nolvo one great problem, and will  leave only tho difficulty of exchange  to lie dealt wltli. Whh the present  rate of exchange n-iiinst, London lho  business of pitying for Canadian wheat  is. a matter of delicate negotiation.  11, is not, however, bcliuveil that lho  negotiations of llio l.riUsh authorities  include anything in the nature of. a  proposal to purchr-so Uio Canadian  crop at a lixucl prior*. Tho authorities in Ottawa do not believe* that tiny  such  proposal   will  be  advanced.  pushed by the men. who crouch, behind them. When one is disabled it  can be readily- dropped, and the gap  closed.    Others  are    fixed    sideways  .���������_--.-���������-*-- +.���������.^1^-. ������-!���������% _-)--_������*���������. ������**.--*. _*-. .^.c-'f.'r. -t-���������_*__-*r_ ���������_���������..."-  ������.i������������������_.__.    i_i.n_i.i_       it __-c *_.-_. o    c������__������._     uov.w     __tt_w**     ������.*-.*.���������  f.ank of.the advance to prevent an en-  flading iir .*. There is not one tortoise, which would attract a concentrated lire of artillery,, btx": each cc_c_-  pany or platoon forms its own.  These numerous armor plated  bodies rush with small loss over the  space which has already been cleared  as far as possible of obstacles, and so  have some chance of reaching the  enemy's lines, not as an exhausted  fragment, but as a vigorous storming  party with numbers intact.  Improving Trade Prospects  This Worthy Society Should be Endowed in a Permanent Way  The scope of the Red Cross is practically unlimited. The idea of universal charity which' actuates this Samaritan society is capable of indefinite extension. The war has been like an immense microscope which has revealed  Red Cross opportunities in increasing  magnitudes.  The primary intention of the founder o. th* Red Cross was to give the  wounded lying on the battlefields immediate attention.  The Red Cross now aims not only to  succor the wounded in the actual firing zone but also to nurse them back  to complete health in base and convalescent hospitals. It has further ex-  tendad its scope to include prisoners  of war, and it io now beginning to see  that all misery, occasioned by the war,  even in its most ultimate effects is a  propor object of Red Cross activity.  The war executive of the British  Red Cross has lately decided that the  care ot thoso totally incapacitated by  tho war is work that properly de-  volvea on ths Red Cross, provided  that the funds permit. It is thus evident that, though armies may disband,  (lie Rod Croso never ei.n disband. It  haa become ono of the moat fundamental Institution-! ot modern civilization. Its. suecesH and prosperity are  thr. supreme test of our humanitarian-  ism. The -.tale of the Red Cross treasury ia a deciaivo index of our capacity  for universal sympathy.  The inin.on.-o task which confronts  the Rod Cross should stimulate the  public.to endow thin worthy noddy  In. it permanent way. The movement  on foot .In a great many Canadian  towns to provide tho Red Cross with  a certain nnd annual income If, a policy which should he nnormrnftcd and  developed. A (lourinhing Red Cronr,  hi nn mncli n ft-it :-:���������. -* :i of I rue national  g/oiitnoKs.  ns a tvl'.r.i.pliant, army.  indications   Point   to   a   Considerable  Measure of Buoyancy  '  The Guide says in    part:    "According to the last Dominion census there  are   204,140   farms   in   Manitoba,   Saskatchewan and Alberta.   The estimated value of these principal crops alone  would   give each    farmer in Western  Canada an income this year of nearly  $1,700.    In New York state alone the  average  income  per  family  is  under  $600.    The Western Canadian farmer  is in a better position financially than  any other elasys in  this  district.  The  fall ef 1914 saw a general tightening  of  credits.    Ler.-  material  was  probably sold to the farmer, bnt collections  were  closer and  mortgages  were  reduced or wiped off completely    As a  result,   the   country   districts     faced  191a   with  less  encumbrance  of  debt  than formerly, and  if the  1915  crop  harvests as promised, the farmer of  the Canadian prairies is tho best logical object of the business mau's attention from the Great,    l_al.es    to    the  pacific Ocean."    In  oilier  words, tho  big return from the incoming Canadian  crops  warrants   Canadian  wholesale and retail merchants in preparing  for improved vrade conditions almost  imm.dint-ly.     The   demand   for  mcr-  chandside of ol! kinds will be felt even  by   tne   manufacturers   and   Increase  western-bound   business   on   tho   railways.    At the  same  time  orders  for  munitions and other war supplies are  circulating  a   _.r_.u     deal   of   money  throughout the.   country.    We do  not  look for and do not want a boom, but  It,  seems  probable   that  even  during  the war Canadian  trade may recover  a erijiRlderable measure of buoyancy.  ��������� Toronto N.wr, "  The stores draw trade from the residents, tourists in -cummer, and from  farmers and fishermen. They are all  typical general stores, most of "them  having nothing in the way of display  windows, many of the windows being  composed of small panes. The largest  store has a modern front, but there ii  not the incentive to make attractive  displays there is in a city. Yet this  store finds that by making moderate  displays, their business improves.  The equipment and displays are in  many instances superior to those in  some of the city stores. The fixtures,  while not of the latest type, are clean  and attractive. The show cases are  modern, well trimmed, and bring in a  lot of extra business. There is a cash  c.-.rrier system, a well-appointed office  in the gallery, and a second floor,  equipped with r-lendid wardrobes for  clothing; and large stocks of heavy  goods.  Furniture is also carried in stock.  The store in.the small country town  has opportunities that are denied to  the larger towns. Gaspe has no exclusive hardware store; consequently  this business is divided up between  the "eneral stores- Robin Jonpk jc.  Whitman have spent considerable  money making a department worthy  of the name of hardware���������an unusually fine one for so small a town.  It was remarked that in a town like  this there are opportunities for selling  lines peculiarly adapted to country  towns. Take tbe case of flashlights. Almost everybody who can afford one,  carries a flashlight around at nights,  for the town has no illumination of  any kind. The sidewalks in places  are dangerous, but it is not necessary  for a man to break his neck before he  becomes a prospect. This firm made a  point of keeping a good line, selling  for a dollar or a dollar and a half.  When a large number of flashes have  been disposed of, there is a regular  sale of batteries.  In the fall it is customary to make  special displays, and on specially dark  nights in winter, they are shown on  the counters, etc.  Among the most admirable things  seen in this store by the writer was a  showcase^e-f fishing tackle. As everybody knows, Gaspe is noted across the  continent for its salmon and trout fishing, and followers of the sport are  among the most profitable tourists io  the town. Unfortunately for the hard-  wareman, it often happens that fishermen bring their tackle along with  them,  fearing that   supplies  will  not  be procurable in Gaspe. Salesraen  finding thi3 out, do their utmost to  induce sportsmen on future occasions  to leave their tackle wants until"they  reach Gaspe.    -  If the fishing industry brings only a  small amount of business in flies,  hooks, leaders, rods, reels, etc., to the  Gaspe general stores, it helps cut well  in other directions. Wealthy- Canadians and Americans who bring their  yachts here every year, sena their  orders ahead to the guides, .who purchase foodstuffs at local stores, the order including large supplier of tobacco and cigars. River guides are paid  handsomely by their employers, and.  when the season's work is done, much  of the money received is spent on.  hardware. Many of these men trap in.  winter, and business goes to the general stores for trappers' supplies.  Cordage and nets are important  items in this part of the country. A  big demand is felt for a 12-15 thread,  of which Robin, Jones and Whitman,  c-ispose of about fifty coils every year.  Of salmon tAvine they sell, about a  thousand pounds per year, this being  used by the local fishermen for making nets- .    .  It has been said earlier in this article that small, out-of-the-way places  like Gaspe offer opportunities not  available to dealers ii- the town. Two  lines successfully carried by this firm  are gramophones and cameras, and  supplies. Very little was done in  gramophones until recently. Last  year the turnover in this ^department  amounted to - five hundred dollars,  chiefly in records. In order to push  this line, a machine is kept on view  all the time, and now and again, a  tune is piaytsu.  The photograph end of the business  has assumed large proportions, so that  it is now almost a department in itself.     Xo  deveoiping    or printing is  done.     Competition   with  inail  order  houses at 5 cents a film is almost impossible. Also, whereas a tourist needs  a roll of films immediately, he can usually afford to wait to have his film,  developed.       Photographic     supplies  have been handled now for two years,  and this, year the business done is four  times that of the first year-    A good  line of cameras is handled, also films,  trays, printing frames, etc. One sale  took place while the writer was in the  store.    A tourist had been looking at  one or two cameras, but was leaving  the store without purchasing. He was  stopped by the buyer, to whom he explained that the five dollar camera in  stock did not close very well. He.was  shown a $10 one, was asked to try it.  and if it did not give satisfaction, to  bring it back. lie took the. camera, and  paid for it.  There is a regular demand for canoe  nails. Several firms make Gaspe  canoes, a canoe known all over tho  country as specially* suited to salmon  fishing in tho rivers. Some Gaspe  builders make as many as forty oC  these canoes per year.���������Hardware &  Metal.  It, l_  Gerinntiy'G Crime  no mors rhetorh'. or i-oiitimcnt  Uuinfl Wa_liinu itoda  Warthlnj. GOila in a utrong allmli  nnd mtitu. be vis.d cautiously an a  .���������lomisor. Uf-ed In cleiinlns rooking  uteii'.il.i while It "cats*" tlio grenso and  the .t-.coifh, it nl.-'.o i-.\\'\ the. metals of  which the pot*, uro. ninile. When a  woman cai'-le8-ly throw,, a "handful  of soda" Into a pot, or "'lets It .souk,"  tihe is t'onkii-K Jihe s-'coivh and the  ititi.il, let'. Tliar'i.s <"<<��������� n''.i.'',fii) many  pans chip or "wear out" easily. \Vn..h-  ini*; noda is lu-ii'"*' <iii. loyed in cleaning the -Ink and want- pipes.  Mr. John \V.  Harper of  New York  hint Hiirvivor of the ���������Harper  llrollier:., i  h.ioU and mnr-ir/ini! puhli-hrr**. dh-d on .  Auf.uKt Mth, at li In country residence i      ,      ,       .   .  in   lUddli'l'ord  I'ool. ..Iitinc,    He wuh K*l i malov'������-i������l nm-i ������.*���������������**������.* <>i liioir rnruilt       ���������   ..  Thorn were four Harper j few It  is an avowed ptirt of their phi. | \h in  claus.er_ln.m_ iho   teuton,    Roth  the*.  -..I1..'.*.,  ar*.  which :",p.:iV.r*j of  lug their nouli*. In ill hi ui niggle, nor  arc we doing thi- Herman!', an iiiju::llr.  If we nay thai the loading character-  I-tic! of German conduct, in the repudl  at Ion In public relation- of everything  that, liul-in.-- to I In; ihiiiI Iu pi'lvalc relation-, There in no concealment  about  ililti, and  il. cannot be called a  Csnadn'o War Contribution  Canada has i:o: dealt in billion.*, of  dollars and million** .���������'' mr*ii, hut. Canada has nevenhi.l'...- made commen-  r-nrate v. r . n.rllici'><' In money, ruiffer-  ing ani blood. The temper a( 'the  Canadian -oldh r has already been  proven anl approved in the thoatr.; of  war, hut Hi!1 -anu* bravery of the home  pr.^i,. I.. 1;���������,>������������������'.*,;' ;��������� -iipid'y vl^hi'' pub  Uo debt hni'. na��������� a much Ic-h iipcc-  la'iilav :<-fi'i.. ��������� l-*:*;*.n*.'(.. Km;luu(! and  <������������������'v-.ni Ik'h.lum ar;* lighting nnd imikin������  !;at!j'itiet-r.���������but  no j'riatrr raerltlci'*. In  proportion in tl c uild-l of a Htrugmlo  ihat. a< lually threaten.; their r-l-tenee  bm Canada h. giving lavhihly of hev  beet. .Iiieuil and money witlnnit any  tlion,". it.  ihat   phy.'deally, at   leant, i--li .  ell  vi'iir.s of ii|.:  *,.,    ,\    .         ... i    < i,. .,    ..it    I,-.<  ,,iut,M ',.   ,������..*i    ...,.,    ..ii    -       ���������  known as. publisher!!, They eame of  r.r. <.'!'! !.?>n'. Maud .ntnlly The ertnul-  fV.'lhei', ' .Jnii>'.*' Harper, wan a farmer  and teacher, who lived at Newtown,  I,.I. Til-, lalne. of the four Harper       e <������������������������ -tV  worked   up  nnd   down  of   UO   Hen   Hievn   ii,   n.>   !���������>���������-���������    HO.    uiui    Iihi'm y    ;.._���������    more    prei'ions.  blntlH  their own  itnte or can I ton. to  a  in;.ii':>   .m.t   ������������������nt..tiig upon  I'o !  -l-M .j.hy  which        limit Itn aellnn in win* in- pc'iei.. Tola period of natlona* development, ('anthem It I", merely r.tupld to np'-nk, ;i*i I a;l;i I", -'.ivm-* iiui.i,.:niv oin* oi tne ival  the, blnhop doon, of hope, faith and I return'-, nf a In;.,..Hal war It |>< the  lov-   prevallluK  in   the  world  or  r������-.--.i��������� ; triumph   ..!'  ih *. P'i.-..*.i   pntHetl-m  und  '���������' '      devotion     to   tin:   mother  1. I' ������'|_w     t . I   i uliv  li.ir.ei������.������       who i hitlnc the di-ulliifu of modern iint'onr. I uteultlth  Lonii 1-hiud.     I-���������WttfUinimuer Gazctto. .oounua-  Modern Entrenching: Spade  Invention of a Canadian Proving Its  Value in the War  The present Canadian entrenching  spado is a very notable aud admirable  exception to the general rule, that  combination tools are not a success.  It is an invention of a Canadian and  is protected by a Canadian patent. It  is one of the very first patented inventions to he extensively used by the  Canadian forcss in thi-3 greut war. It  combines in ono very simple and effic-  ent device, two very distinct and highly important instruments, i.e., the entrenching apatle itself, and a shield  and rifle rest. It ia simply a spade  blade- of well known shape but of  specially hard steel, which will act ait  a shield. It Is made to be readily detachable from its handle. A little to  ono side of Its centre it is provided  with an opening larger than a rlllo  barrel. Through thb, the soldier can  thrust his rifle, the hole being sufficiently larga to enable him to night it.  With the blade driven vertically into  the ground, Ihe rlllo rests on the lower  wall of this opening and thus has its  weight ca-ily nupported, While crouching behind Uio blade iu firlny, th<- -old-  ioi* is amply protected.  This device Is actually In u*-:e on the  firing lino in large number... It ia one  of the few invention.! made Klnce the  opening of the war -..ml alnu,i;t Immediately put Into use, extensively.  The army and navy official!' In England!;   .''ranee,  Italy,  Camilla  and   the  j United Stales, a.-'     well a;-, t'.u*  patent  ��������� oh ic.r.'i   of   [he i.*   -���������..'iii.l i ii-.-   .ii.-    In Jiv;  ! continually Hooded with  thou, anils of  I invent ion:- fur al! pe^r-Ude ii..-.:*'. lu thia  war, nnd II. la highly probable that one  I renull of the war may be the production   of   many   r.ialiy   valuable   invention!!   whicli   would   otherwise     never  hn\ :> nonii-  to llt.lit.  '.Several Herllu !-t'iei.,llHls, Inehid-  i In*.; Ihe former edltif of a ;'oe(all't  newspaper, liuve been ain-.sieii upon  | !*ii-pi'*!oii ol" lilf.h ll'eii-on. They ore  I eiini'K '" wilii ii.i.ili,; |iiiniir.iii'<k .i.  j pamphlet eonliiiiiing nn inilfle ironi  Itlu*. Iterne Ta^ivacht' ceverely crltlcls-  I |ii������< the nttlluilfi of the leading ."ot lal-  j 1..11.   i-"i*i" "���������'<.-.   '���������"-   - ���������  U. S. Trade With Allies  $76,000,000     Worth    of    Horses    and  Mules  Exported  America threw into the war hopper  in .Europe   in   the   fiscal   year   ended  .Mine  ;.0 horses to the value of $t.4(-  046,524 and mules to the value of $1J_.-  72.,1-1-..     These   went   for   the   most  part to the armies  of Great Britain,  Prance,  Helgium and Italy, and wero  purchased by agents of theso governments  in all sections of tho  United  States and shipped chiefly from Now  York   City,   Newport   News,  Norfolk,  Philadelphia, Baltimore and New Or-  lean.s.  Thes? figures stand out prominently  in the full tabulation of imports antl .  exports for tho United States for tho  ll-cnl year, and wero nnnounr.eod by  the bureau of foreign and domeatio  commerce. The total Imports are  Hhown to bo $1,074,160,740, approximately $210,000,000 less than last  year; thu total exports nro given us  $2,70S,489,M40, about $400,000,000 moro  than last year.  Ono of the marked points of* tho  tabulation is the fact that the exportation- to Germany for the year amounted to Sil'K.K't:..:;r������.t, whorens, a vear iibo  they amounted t> $:M4,704,270. Austria-. lungnry'u exportation!! amounted  to $.1.^40,0110, compared with $22,718.-  _r..:.  lust year.  This is far more than offset, hoi*.-  by the export a lo the United  KiU-dom, France and UuhrIu. Thu  Untied Kingdom took from tho United   Stiite*-   in   ihe   tif.cnl   year,   c>oods  niintini. lo $-11,..0_������.4f"e., uh compared wiih fc.V.i'1.271,-ti;' last year; Franco  look !.'.i>oil- valued at $-G0,:i!.7,170. t.s  compared v. Iih V"50,818,02*. last year,  and Itu-sia. $'!7,47 !,:iao, :i;i compared  wiih  $::o,onfi,u.:t hist year.  Thi*. ihow;i that the Rain In trade  wUh Uie allien in almost, twice as  uracil as the lo<.- with licr.aauy und  Anuria Hungary. ��������� New   York   Herald.  f"?or.  Ye  | 1111 I      111,. 11     ,i , '   *      I I ������ I   I i.  ,  very ordinary loohlii}.. What's  "Well, li- isn't much for look-, hut  he ( nil eonn nearer find in' a drink in  a  iSrv  i.������wa  than  any  other man )o  I  ^^^^^^j^^gg -nut-rt-uA; &**>3*a&*t  m*emmm,*Mma*������^im,  THE CRESTON REVIEW  THE CRESTON REVIEW  Issued every Friday at Creston, B.C.  Subscription : $2 a year in advance;  $2,50 to United States points.  C. P. Hates. Owner and Editor.  CRESTON,  B.C.,  FRIDAY, OCT. 15  Proportional  Representation  A Democratic Method of Electing a Truly Representative  Parliament.  70,000 electors of Birmingham is pot  by 7 Unionist members, bnt by 4  Unionist, 2 Liberal and I Labor member and you will at once realize the  need for reform.  Municipal Electors  Now we will consider the "block"  system, which is used in Ottawa to  elect the board of control. The block  vote allows every elector to giye one  vote each to as many candidates as  there are seats to be filled.  Suppose a city to be divided on some  i_i_j^r______ qUeSuiv-Ii iui/G  tfiK*   p&������.u_BS  very nearly equal in strength, and  that there are 9 seats vacant, Now if  each elector votes his full party "ticket," that party which has the slightest  majority over each of the others will  elect its whole 9 candidates, and  naturally the others elect none, altho  they may have polled nearly two-  thirds of the total vote.  Then at the next election a mere  handful of votes change over with the  result that that party is completely  wiped out and a new board is elected,  which is practically what happened in  London Country Council elections in  1907. This naturally leads to an extremely wasteful expenditure of public  ��������� ������������������_*���������<_-_ ���������__.������-*  Can these unfair, unjust and bungling systems be improved upon? Can  every vote cast by an elector be made  effective iu assisting to elect some man  of his choice?    Can every party of the  I appreciate very much having this  opportunity of discussing the important question of electoral reform. The  first question which naturally arises  is whether our present system of  election, parliamentary and municipal,  is satisfactory.  Edmuud Burke once said:���������"The virtue, the spirit, the essence of the House  of Commons consists in its being the  express image of the nation."  How do our present methods, the  single-method and "block" vote systems of electionSj assist us it. focussing the opinions of tue electorate into  a truly representative council such as  Burke   defines?   I   will   endeavor   to  show, by   arguments   gathered   from [P^P^_*������ represented in proportion to  various authorities;, that they  fective in the extreme.  /  are  de-  _-. -. JL..-  its voting strength?  I claim that these evils, and  others  ���������_*-_quesi_v a t_ii.aru.voi tneeiectors i *-'  controls the policy of the  countrv   bv |"f the sin*ie transferable vot.  s J for electing representatives.  __/i,i-t,__~_n,  ���������'f -*   system  Just a little cool, these  October mornings. Makes  you think of Heavy Underwear, Stronger Boots, in fact,  Warmer Goods all over.  Months ago, we anticipated  this and now have on hand all  of these lines you require���������  Prices low, and quality  high.  We will be pleased to show  you these.  electing a majority of the House, anu  again frequently a very considerable  minorty get__i, no representation at- all.  I will give instances in support-of this.  Gtadestone Lost to Minority  In 1888 Gladstone was hurled from  pcwer by a micority of the electors.  Tho he had a majority of 55,000 iu the  '���������o,-_nt_-uf -"������_��������� his or*T*,o___nt-s _is_i a  majority of 104 in the House, and as a  result the   Home  Rule  question  has  _,_,._.���������*������&     VM.    Xt.  There is ample evidence from Belgium and other countries to prove  that:  It reproduces the opinions of electors  in parliament, city councils and other  deliberative bodies in their true pro-  nortion.  Your money hack if goods  are not satisfactory  1  f^hone 6>������_������  iieneral Merchant  j#w __=__ BF* a #sn-#*m ������, V  .    Imagine   the    voters   to   h������.   three I elections in eeneral would be fought in  crowds of people-  Lib-           iiiiii'Cililjg    Oli     vO    &  it secures that the majority or elec-  level s^ce on which are built fourteen  -Conservative,  tors shall   rule   and   all   considerable  clouded the political   atmosphere   of i minorities shall be heard.  Great Britain for a number of years.  In 1910, in the Scotch boroughs, the  Conservatives polled a majority of 3,000  odd and elected only 9 members, while  the Liberal minority elected 59. This  means that a Conservative, member  represented over 28,000 voters, while a  Liberal member represented only 8,000.  In the general election in Wales, in  1809, over 52,000 Unionist votes did not  elect a single member.  In the British House of Commons in  1900, the Unionist majority of 134  should only have been 16, had it been  proportionate to the voting in the  country���������but on the other hand, in  1906, when the Unionists were defeated, the Liberal majority of iJSCl should  only have been 104.  Exaggerated Change- Over  Yon can see how this exaggerated  Vh.mge-over, this so-called great political landslide, absolutely disproportionate to the opinion of the. electors,  would effectively kill any continuity  of policy in the government of the  country.  Tn the British Columbia elections of  1009, proportionately the government  majority would have been 2 only, instead of 34.  The same thing���������only worse���������in  Manitoba. There the opposition polled nearly 58 per cent of the total votes  in the 1914 election.  One independent member had a  greater majority than the? combined  majorities of all the cabinet ministers;  neariy enough votes to (.pare to have  elected, under a fairer system, a .second independent mem her.  The Case of Toronto  Mr. Jloag, on examining the <'lection  returns of the eight Torovto members  sent to the Provincial Legislature in  1911, found that 24,000 Liberal votes,  21,0-03Conserva(ive and 1,000 Independent, vol-.-.���������that is, 65 per cent, of  all the Toronto votes���������had no effect  whatever on the result. T could give  .core*, of Himilur examples.  By our present system, then, about  half of the elector., are practically dis  franchised; they are riot represented,  or their votes are thrown away; they  are not elective. -Sometimes the  minority it. not only not represented,  but it ih actually pen-ib'/ed. I will give  an illuiit-iuil iHi of thiH.  Hiruiingham Inn. about 70,000 elector*.  10.000    UnionintH.    20,000    Liberal*.  -���������ml 10,000 Labor.    Hhc   in  entitled   to  ���������-.even member.., one  for  every   10,000  vo|4.|h.    Under the present -.ystom the  I'liiuitiHl h I'lei'l   the w.iuli. Min'cn  Thin in the point: were it not for the  j__. ..e.nw tit tin .*i.'J,000 Li!., ui und  Labor voters the rily would only have  .'..i.i iii* inb. i,., ul,n Hi.dl.I he I*niuii-  .....      'IM. i. .# ..,,   'Vi������v/wv������M  ���������ll   'Mi.I   ? , l tw ���������������������   ,'i ll <���������.������������,,     i,till...     Ill,,,,  ,-  lo I heir opponent*-.  .'...tiihli-h ������he  idea    in   your   minds  that   the   j ������*i-l     I .*-..) i -..ci.tal ion    oi'    t hi  in  It gives electors a wider freedom  the choice of representatives.  It gives representatives greater freedom from the financial and other pressure of small sections"ot constituents,  It ensures to party representation  by their ablest and most trusted mem-  V*-<_-->-_ '  By this system the present single  and double-member constituencies and  wards are done away with, and in  their place districts are formed which  will elect from three to ten members  each���������the more the better.  This means that we will  no longer  have one member of parliament representing a geographical constituency in  which many men of   opposite  views-  will happen to live together���������instead  of this, each   member   in   parliament  will representa unamimous constituency in which men   think   and   will   together; and the value or nselessness of j djdates completely,  ;  a man's voto will cease to  depend  UP"   other very   nearly  on whether he lives on one side or an-'  other of a geographical line.  No system for the representation of  minorities is possible without making  this change.  Gerrymandering  One serious objection to the single-  member constituency is the strong  temptation it offers of "gerrymandering," that is, arranging the boundaries  of a constituency in such a way as to  give one side an  unfair advantage.  The single transferable vote system,  as I will presently show, would enable  the 70,000 electors of Birmingham to  group themselves into seven sections  of practically equal size, each section  returning one member; so that there  would then be * Unionist groups, 2  Liberal and I Labor group, each returning one meuilinr.  Under the uy_tem each elector has  one voto and only one, but that single  vote ia transferable. The voter'B duty  is very simple. He simply takes the  ballot-paper and places the figure 1  against the name of the candidate he  pni'furn incut, the figure 2 against the  second choice and so on. That is all  that tho voter need trouble his head  about. It is important to remember  that.  When a voter mark- a .mcoiio, tliird  and fourth choice, he Is practically  saying to the returningolficer: "If my  fh'Ht choice hn u> enough votes to elect  him without, mine, or if he -lnnd- no  chance even with it, then no that il,  shall not, lie wasted, transfer it to my  second, or if he does not need it, to  inv third choice."  enclosures, one for- each candidate;  -3/r_i_ eaeii encjosure so ouin, as vo oe  capable of holding, when full, the  10,000 voters necessary to elect a member (this number being called the  "quota").  The candidates stand at the gate of  their enclosures, and the crowds first  fill up that of the most popular candidate.  As soon as an enclosure is filled the  gates are closed, and! the voter* who  are shut out���������not wishing to waste  their votes���������make their choice among  the remaining candidates of their own  political faith who still need more  support (that is, their votes are transferred to candidate whom they have  marked No. 2, or if he is already elected, to No. 3).  When the whole of the electors have  distributed themselves in this manner,  it is fouud that the Conservatives have  tilled the enclosure of one of their can-  tnd that of an-  while to others  they have sent only a handful of votes.  The Liberals have not filled any ono  completely, bnt have distributed themselves fairly evenly among their candidates.  The La^or party, who only ran one  candidate, have filled his enclosure  completely, and many of their party  left over' have refused to enter any  other (that is, they did not choose to-  murk a second preference).  The candidates who are filled up aro  at once declared elected, and then the  occupants of the least filled enclosures  are told that as there is no prospect of  that enclosure ever being filled, they  are nt liberty to como out and en tor  another���������not being that of an elected  candidate. (This is the exclusion of  the candidate lowest on the poll and  the distribution of his ballot-papers).  Most of the voters will take advantage of this liberty and move toanothor  cncloBuro of thoir own party. Some  will not, thoro is no compulsion (that  is, ono is not compelled to mark nny  furthor preference).  The emptying of tho leant filled enclosures will go on in this way until,  finally, there will only bo soven loft,  whereupon tho owners of these will bo  declared eloctod.  You can see now that Birmingham  by thi- system could elect���������and would  elect���������I Conservative-, 2 Liberals and  1 Labor member to represent, them in  parliament.  Australia Pledged To It  In   Australia    the   present    Labor  government is pledged to it, and even  Iwt.    A.1������.ai<tHf\..     *���������."��������� - ������ .-.   - .    _���������*������     *_ *���������, .-1 ii1Mt_--1 I4....1I*  *., \ .......ft. ,___i'_a     *   1    ...    * * \j'   ,        .������ ...   t '(- M'*   ���������*."������.. * V ������������������������'* *���������  . 1.  How  Procsss Works   Out  What  duet-   thi-   piui'eh-  of   voting  niean?    1 will   try  to  visualize It  for  you in amainier outlined by ,L Kim.her  ii.'ii',                   .    *..���������.������������         j.      .      ������������������   ������������������"* _* ���������  ���������|> ,*-..,,,   i. .....,���������:.    .1. ., .....    ,,  ,,-. ..,..,������ ,  ' ���������    ' '    > ���������    ���������    ���������������������������,-,���������'��������� ������������������  '    i - ��������� i  there are seven Ments to be filled and  Hiippor-c there are fourteen candidatei.  running tor elect im*.  hi favor of proportional repreHent.it ion  method*' for tin* election   of the  Australian senate.  Ko that these   coiuitrieii   may   have  I,* It I . ������ -��������� ** ..  '    ->*���������'      ���������....*������������������' >.������ ,   .'.j',    II .wo*   '-   ������t.t.f *,  . XX.  I |.M I ..- . ,. ������.'. ..Ml .......���������������.  '     ������������������'������������������,      ���������'������������������ J 'lln>������,M ,_...._���������������   ���������������   ������./J,   ,  Iiiih been sent mil,  from  England  for  I hat purpoHo.  With   proportional  representation,  a cleaner spirit,  with less vindictive-  .. _.,,. .J   Wrt ������.,,.*.     ������J_     _-v,.     v.���������-**~. -. f..   ue_i) ii���������l.l   uiubu    Oi.      -no     xrxxxrCx y      j. ������,v  practiced would be made impossible.  It has been said by men who should  know, that iii those countries tiiat  still retain the single-member constituency, at least half of those constituencies are determined by the  floating and, unfortunately, generally,  purchassable vote. This means, of  course, that those countries are governed by the floating and purchasable  vote.  In. a single-member constituency;  two men oppose each other personally  and often bitterly. Their friends and  party adherents are lined ,up with  them. Soon it becomes clear that the  main who can secure the largest number of these floating purchasable votes  will be elected. Hence the temptation to win by money, promises or  whiskey becomes great.  With proportional representation  man is not pitted against man in such  a manner that to win a candidate  must destroy his opponent. Both  may win. Every man who lias a  following in his district equal to the  quota will be elected. His success  does not prevent the success of another.  Neither must party crush party.  Both may be successful. Any party  strong enough to cast the quota of  votes will be represented, so there  will bo neither the temptation nor tho  power to purchase enough yotes to  materially affect tho   election.  Late Hon. Monk's View  As tho late Hon. F. D. Monk said in  1909: "Thoro are no two opinions on  that subject; it becomes impossible in  a large constiruoncy to havo recourao  to corrupt methods, and to the large  number of devices used so often to defeat tho free and independent will of  the electorate."  In a uinglo-mombor constituency it  sometimes happens that an elector haa  to choose between a, man of hin own  party whom ho actively dislikes and a  man of tho opposite party, that is,  "yoto for a 'yellow dog' or for the  othor side:" the' result in that ho will  not go tho polls at all. It is of littlo  uso asking tho electors to ubo their In-  teliigeucu If on the day of the .poll they  havo no moans of doing so.  But tho larger tho constituency tho  hotter and more widely known, tho  more topic-*,iunt,iv_ and independent  are the nam who are brought forward  as candidates.  Voting with the single trnmiferobli.  voto cennen to bo merely mechanical  operation, the voter becomes con-ciotiH  of the fact that in voting ho is selecting a ropronentativo.  1 *%.r_ *���������*.���������. \*������f Ir. r. nl     -%������.-\������-������v������.ir. #*_������������������. ���������"���������>������������ t*)*s      ������������������������������������111   ������������  waken anew intercut in political and  municipal i-mien among people who  long ago loHt I'M hope of over having a  voice in the   affairs   of   the   country,  r.i>-i k ."i i n: l >.*'.'j/*. i t<! .li.-  couraged by repeated defeats have  given up hoping, with some this situation has led to indifference and fche  abandonment of political struggle,  while with others it has aroused atig_r  and bitterness which���������when class,  race or religion are involved���������sometimes leads to violence.  Two Classes Unrepresented  It has been estimated that in the  United States and Canade - over 3,000,  000 Socialists and Labor voters are unrepresented. As a result the breach  between Labor m^tf-fiftc.-: the rest of  the community widens daily. If the  cause of this injustice: were removed,  the social upheaval which we ai*e told  threatens the civilized world after the  war might be averted.  Prof. Dupriez. a prominent Belgian,  recently said that since the introduction of proportional representation in  Belgium, electoral campaigns have  gained in dignity, corruption is al-,  most entirely eliminated and that now  one scarcely ever sees the rioting arid  violence with which elections tot)  often used to end in the larger Belgian  cities.  _. Gain to the Member  Now from the viewpoint of representatives themselves. If a man has  devoted himself to public life, it is only  right that he should be sure of remaining in it so long as he has the confidence of a sufficient body of electors.  Under such conditions he can do better  work and accumulate more experience  than if he is liable to dismissal at any  moment by that small minority of  electors whoso change determines the  rosultin n single-member constituency.  Under tho prosont system the representative is of ton so afraid of offend ���������  ing that small minority as to bo scarcely ablo to call his political soul his  own. He is compelled, if ho wishes to  keep his seat, to dance to any turn*  which any handful of his supporters  may chooao to play.  Tho now system, on tho othor hand,  encourages ovory reprosoiitativo to be  true to himself. No moiu fraction of  a con.'tiiuoncy gayo him his seat and  no mere fraction can tako it away.  Proportional  representation    is    a  f, ������ ������, .9 ,\ mv. _��������������� ������-  + ..1  v.     t_-   1..   _���������-.., II   -*>   ..,   t_J   ���������-.*   yl������t, ul/ll   AHUM  which othor reforms could spring;  but oven it will accomplish vory little  so long ao pooplo continuo to tako in-  {Mcvit -lily hi {\iouo 'thing.; which  immediately concern themselves.  Eternal vigilance is tho price of all  good government as well as of liberty.  ���������tt. II. Hooper, Ottawa.  narily gerrymandered, that has had  for years loaning- Uiwards one political party.    What hnppe.nn.  At Penticton the recruiting officer  iiYoragGH one recruit per day for ovor-  _1..!..<.   llUI  VIUI,  The Bunk of Commerce Im having  J. G. Mullen, manager of the Phoenix  brunch, also manage the branch at  Greenwood.  vr...,r... i),���������ir- i.,,ii���������., i,.,i   ..   ......  ���������     >.....   ... -        .   ...   j...,.  day on October 2nd,   when   over   100  bottles of   fruit   were   turned   in   at  headquarters.  ���������<__������_���������____ _-���������  mi  THE GRESTON  REVIEW  Kenewal of License  ���������   ;"'..':      Section41 "���������-.. ��������� ���������>'  Notice is hereby given that 'on the  first day of December next application  will be made to4Jie������Supe_intendent of  Provincial Police for renewal of the  hotel license to sell liquor by retail in  the hotel known as Kitchener Hotel,  situated at Kitchener in the Province  of'British Columbia.  Dated this 4th day of October, 1915.  LENA ANDBBN, Owner and  Administrator.  Renewal of License  _������J.*._.f���������__ j*--  d6������j-|iiuu *A  Notice is hereby given that on the  first day of December next application  will be made to the Superintendent of  Provincial Police for renewal of the  hotel license to sell liquor by retailin  the hotel known as Erickson Hotel,  situated at Erickson in, the Province  of British Columbia.  Dated this 4th day of October, 1915.  W. W. HALL, Proprietor.  Renewal of License  Section 41  Notice is hereby given that, on the  first day of December next, application  will be made to the Superintendent of  Provincial Police for renewal of the  " hotel license to sell liquor by retail in  the hotel known as the Ci'eston Hotel,  situated at Creston in ihe jtrrovince of  British Columbia.  Dated this 4th day of October, 1915.  J. B. MOB AN, Prop.  Renewal of License  Section 41  Notice is hereby given that on the  first day of December next, application  will be made to the Superintendent of  Provincial Police for renewal of the  hotel license to sell liquor by retail in  the hotel known as the King George  Hotel situatedat Oraston, iu the Province of British Columbia.  Dated this 4th day'of October, 1915.  J. H. DOYLE,  For the Creston -Trading Co.  n on Kaslo Kootenaian  Guelph, Ont., Mercury:  A cabbage that weighed 25 pounds  was grown this year at Creston, B.C.  That's nothing to get excited about.  There are several cabbage heads editing Tory papers who .weighed much  more than that.  NEWS OF KOOTEMAY:  The Free Press elair  idle nainess in Fernie.  there are no  Creston  Her Bit  S3 ; .__._* _____.__*������������������__. :  _a%cr iou/us WXiIceilSe  Section ������I  Notice is hereby given that on the  first day of December next, application  will be made to the Superintendent of  Provincial Police for renewal of the  hotel license to sell liquor by retail in  lire hotel known as the Sirdar Hotel,  siuated at Sirdar, in the Province ox  British Columbia. .- .:  Dated this 4th day of October, 1915.  WM, MORRIS, Prop.  MINERAL ACT  ���������.���������A-..-       -:���������'��������� _iX.RM.F-A:- ;'*:"- I ?-?  -   ��������� '       ���������" '. ��������� v.   ������������������'.  Winnipeg Free Press:  There will be no issue of the Reyiew  nest week. We are taking a week off  fdr a little mental and physical relaxation���������and to do the annual window-  cleaning and have the office towel  laundered. The net receipts from the  sale of the towel-washing'by-products  will be donated to the machine gun  fund.���������Creston Review.  By way of pendant to that time honored merry jest about the office towel,  it may be noted that this same issue  of the Creston paper records that Creston had already contributed $358 to  the machine gun fund, "with no  systematic canvas begun yet," and the  Creston workers for the Red Cross had  shipped several iots. of shirts, socks,  surgical bandages and other things,  and had just raised $136.85, and were  busy as beavers. In which Creston is  typical of every other community in  our country.  Wild ducks are unusually numerous  in. the Waldo country.  A-iti-prohibition petitions were in  circulation at Natal last week.  Cranbrook retailers report a decided  improvement in business during September.  Trail will have at least three basketball teams this year, and maybe four  ���������a ladies'.  September was the busiest month  the Cranbrook mining recorder has  had this year.  I  m  At Fernie the money subscribed for  machine guns is being transferred to  the Patriotic Fund.  k:ii ___.  -_-___   __!>-          _. >T,.l  2^ *-, .f**v.    xnjxxxxx    xxxxx rxiv    ...Cl-  W. Brainard has been sentenc-  FOR SAX  T  '���������<It?B_ftGI?V  Jj_____X___?_____ 1  *_**___.������ _r%  ri_C_-ElJL#  -.1     *a  and BulL    B  oys gone to war  WRIGHT  9  K&sk&i-took? B  a %_^e  son, H  ed to 60 days in jail.  The work at Kaslo postoffice is becoming heavier each month, according  to Postmaster Kane.  And Idaho's Gone Dry  Greenwood Ledge:  Charles Rykert has lived 36 years in  Kootenay. He does not visit Nelson  as of ten as he did in 3891. He probably gets cocktails nearer home.  __r_I___T_  _.   tftc   uuaw  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENT  NOTICE  Empire,    Invincible,     Dodger,    Job  Trotter, Mark Tapley, Pickwick,  ,    Last Chance and Royal Canadian  Mineral   Claims,   situate    ih   the  Nelson Mining Division of Kootenay District.  Where located:    On Iron Mountain  adjoining the Emerald Group.  Take notice that I, W, M. Myers,  acting as agent for Iron   Mountain,  Limited, Free Miner's Certificate No.  85046b. intend, sixty days from   the  date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown Grant of the above claims.  And further tako notice that action  under Section 85, must, bo commenced  before the issuance of such Certificate  of Improvements.  Datod this 31st day of August, A.D.  1915. W. M. MYERS  Four Pies to the Apple  Cranbrook Herald:  C.ieston has certainly produced some  luscious fruit this season.    Mr.. F. G.  Little, mayor, of that thriving burg,  and Mr. R. S. Bevan, city clerk* have  forbidden fruit that would tempt anybody.      On. Tuesday   Conductor  Joe  Jackson brought- into the city a box of  apples which were . a delight  and a-  sight to behold.    Twenty-seven apples  filled   an   ordinary   apple  box.    Mr.  Jackson brought four of the apples���������  not the largest ones, by any means���������  to the Herald office to prov-e what fche  Creston people can produce.   The four  apples  placed -in_ a.;squarei^-covered  fifteen   inches of space and weighed  seyen. and a '���������quarter pounds.    Each  apple will make, four regulation size  open face pies.     One of the specimens  measured nineteen -inches in circumference.   Tom Caven will remember  this particular kind of fruit, -is he ate  one some time ago at a Masonic banquet.   On tha^ occasion the flavor was  so good Tom devoured the whole in a  short time, core and all.    Mr. Little  was most particular as to who should  be responsible for the delivery of his  box of apples in  Cranbrook, so Joe  Jackson, an tip-to-date conductor, was  chosen for the occiusion.    Two of these  miniature pumpkins are now at the  home of ye editor aud will be sliced  with the cross cut saw on Sunday preparatory   to    being    converted   into  yo old-fashioned apple pie.  a  A Victoria Old' Timer  j-eage:   oinee  tne  war  chips in Kaslo and Nelson have grown  too weak to whisper.  During its year just closed Rossland  Red Cross Society raised $6,581, and  has $1,389 unexpended.  ,.  At Kaslo the married men are complaining -because bachelors get the  preference on city work.  Two ripe strawberries were picked  last week at Lille, the highest town  Deer are coming in so thick at  Wardnei. that the local bntcher may  be forced out of- business.  Since recruiting began 515 men have  presented ������l_e__iseives for medical ex-  &m_n_-tk*___ at Cranbrook.  The C.P.R. is advertising for tenders  for the loading of 1,250 tons of rock for  rip-rap at tne Frank slide.  At _Nat.il Geo. Kometz lost a valuable cow a few days ago, a packiug  needle lodging ih the heart.  A 2-pound 7-ounce potato from a  local ranch attracted a whole lot of  attention in Kaslo last -week.  The Kootenaian observes that conscription 4iay b^'JQecessary to fill the  vacancies in Kaslo city council.    .  Some of the big red apples in the  Elko valley measure. 14 inches in circumference, and some a wee bit more.  122 names were added to the provincial voters list at the revision  which closed at Rossland, October 5th.  The B.C. Telephone Co. has just  purchased a building and will fit it up  specially for a "central" office at  Kaslo.  Wardner ranchers arc complaining  of the poor cattle guards on the C.P.R.  Ono day last week three cows were  killed.  Tho Baker Lumber Co. at Waldo  has a crew of 05 men at logging operations. They sold 400,0,000 of lumber  last month.  Ellis Sweet, an Elko rancher, claims  to have put up 100 tons of timothy  hiiy this year, and to have seven acres  of roots stored in his collar.  CALLING CARDS?  - - - We Print them  ______  Uresion  not el  The Leading  Hotelofthe  Fruit    Belt  ���������X./OU will make no mistake  j when you get off the train  if you sign tbe register at  the "Creston Hotel. ..'."..ravelling  men will substantiate this. We  study the comfort of our guests.  The rooms are well furnished in  a manner up-to-date. ..-.'���������  Headquarters for Mining Men,  Lumbermen, Ranchers, Tourists  and Commercials.  Wynndel Box Factory  WYNNDEL, B.C.  *>  MANWACTUUKS  Boxes and Crates  Rough and Dressed Lumber  Mlrabelll  mcAi-im in  Hich class Boots and Shoos  Saddle and Harness  __,  ^tff.^x.mxMm.mjf  Mrs. Mallaudaino, of 560 Simcoo  Street,   had   a   vory   pleasant  "at  home" and re-union on Friday,24th  September, with hor  old friends to  the  number of   about  Hfty.    Tho  occasion was the anniversary of her  arrival from England 53 years ago,  and also of her 84 th birthday.   Hor  friends of tho early dn.y_. presented  hor with many gifts of (lowers and  other tokens.    Anion # those present  wero   her   sister,  Mrs. A. A.  Townsend and  Mr. C. C. Redfern,  who arrived    on   the   same ship  "with hoi'*.    There are ut present not  moro than seven or eight still living  horo out of tho 800 or 400  pooplo  | who   arrived   by the  natno  ve_col.  Mrs. Mallandaine was  assisted  in  receiving hor frionds by hor daughter, Mrs. Stanley Lawrio,  and hor  eif-ter.  Mrs. A. A. Townsend,  and  all  united  in   wishing   her   many  moro years of   health, and  many  happy returns of the day.���������Vintoria  Coloni..t.  Oranhrook cannot quite understand  why this year's poultry show should  only receive a government grant of  $00.   Trail ffote $100 and Nelson $240.  Moose have again made their appearance in tho Elko River valley, and  are wintering there in .mall bands of  two or threo. I_a_t (rummer a cow  dropped two calves in the vicinity of  C.P.Jt. headqnartei--, about 40 miles  north of Michel.  The Kelowena cannery will bo con-*  verted into a vegotablo ovoporatlng  factory and will convert JSftO can. of  Okanogan vegetables into a substance  that makon soup by the addition of  hot water. The preparation is for  European war use.  /. 3* Moran  Prop,  &mWm  THE CANADIAN BANK  OF COMMERCE  **m****mim0mmmmmmmmmm**M  SIR EDMUND WALKER. C.V.O.. L L. D., D.CX.. President  AS-SXANOEn -LAIRJ). General Munnuer JOHN A TOD. Aost General Manager  CAPITAL, $15,000,000     RESERVE FUND, $13,500,000  ***mm*m****m*mmm^Mm0*mi  BANKING  BY  MAIL  Accounts may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Bank  of Commerce to be operated by mail, and will receive the same  careful attention as is given to all other departments of the Bank's  business. Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this way as  satisfactorily as by a personal visit to the Bank. 824  _r i  n  ���������or.  T_ Tr*. VT Ik T TM rvtnrt  JJX-.X*. 4.1. Jii A A  Manager Creston j* rancn  On.ml Work-, cl._5t_.jj to have whipped  !H CO I'*, of frill,  im ...  - .!*��������� O      M. ������.������������ ������<������'..!  for the v������'*ir will bi> (it) 10 .'in*** of  uppli'H nnd IH of prune- belnK mo...  notable.  Mrfl. Mallandaine of Victoria ih  the mother of Capt. Mallandaine oP  ^'ronton, who in at pre_enti.talioi������Ail  lit Morriwuoy in ohargo of tho alien  internment camp there,  Oreenii. .-',*i.i f.moltor In employing 55  men at prewent,  Grand Forkw new $80,000 houpital  waa opened lottfc week,  The youngr people,of Greenwood, do  not llko the idea of Rlvlnpf up the okat-  infjf rink to the ������oldleiu  The two tiiitchine ffun������ Greenwood  (.itmnin are pie������entinK the Ct-lth Battalion will be delivered In .Tannary.  FenMoton pfroweii.  are being can-  vantk.d for n car of applet- to be wont to  .(���������*?-������������������������ _-������f_������'<-S'e������^  Uu  Transfer, Liverjf and Feed Stables ������  V1  T������" G������.Uh������������>������'  ,.j������* i,i������������i OHiiniigan niiowo  nn Incrcawed export of  tW   eai-H  ua  couipiiw'il with the wame clat^ in 1014.  Shipment of McTvRUglin Sletghs and Cutters on Hand  TEAM   SLETGHS  HarneBS, Single and Double and Supplies on Hand  Several Sets of Second-Hand Harness g  | Sleighs and Cutters COAL FOR SALE   g  JE  %     Qmm"       ���������ymmx       %\ g% r%(j      tW^-S,*^^^ t*J VtfS, i^%        J  ja     *      WW   ^m������**    _ V ��������� *%0*\*& I   W"W %������W   I ^    B       B   \J\Jm     %  S Phone 60 Slrdmr Av-.m������ Box 14  I  W*5WWfiM^^-S!!^lS!3WiMW^ mm  _iafrfo^--_i_a____ai3-&effi^  WWj-H-W.  ������������������-"���������'���������    :  ' "..'r-'.-L^..;���������i...-m--l,������_.y^ii~-irmaiMM'tvpy'i1^h---j  p-n]  m-i',  !XHB REVIEW. CKESTON, 33. C.  ss  ���������:-���������{  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  f  e  OF  By Cyrus Townsend Brady  %_  Copyright by Cyrus Townsend  Brady  .Coat-trued)  \i w:__ past, noon by this time. 1  m.-.d. sure oi it by looUiny; al ..he sua  faiid continuing ii by my watch, which  I most carefully kept .uunini*; during'  __U our sojourn ou the island, which  indicated close ou two bolls. 1 o'clock.  "Our talk of the ship recalled nie to my  s-  __^^ I We retraced our steps aud came  ^^S the place whore I had haul?d up tho  B *" 'dinghy. Wc were hungry. The provisions we had taken with us we had  eaten during the journey. The first  business was supper. I had noticed  some cocoanut. trees and other strange  tropical fruits, so I had no fear of  starvation. AVe could live on the i.*.-  land indefinitely; therefore I was not  sparing with the provisions. We kindled a fire and made shift to boil some  coffee. We had neither milk not* sugar,  but. the taste of civilization did us  good. A/,  For the night 1 capsized the boat'  ar.d drew it .dnsc against the coral  wall, spread the .������������������.il and boat cloak  upon tin* clean, dry sand, gave her ono  blanket and bade lier take her rest It  to ;IT  Hate Song-  !_.-?   *��������� mmmm^ ti-m _e"������ fx  UUUluin  The Germans Now  Poultry Breeders'  i . Great Opportunity  J  ���������j).  and the. <  touch or  .���������lift', out ot  call if yon  [  hi nk,"  P or  until  said 1.  hat we had b-:  iumi until aaoih?r day and go back  to env la-iding place. If 1 know the  men on that ship they will guess that  v.e have- escaped to this islaud anl  they will bring __r round to this -.d..  where we may have theni under view  avid  they  us.*'  ���������"Tain's you tha: they can come ai  *c..." she ask.d. iu sadden a.arm.  "I think not." I answered confidently. ���������"h:u still to make sure 1 should  like to havs .j.m under .. ^ervaii. n,"  Well, to make u ions; s.ory short, we  re.raced  ;>aih   until  the oih.r  our   _?._:.s  we   rea<$i  i tie.     .a.  eve  ���������r  O".  * Ken  .  on  [ci(.'-_i  was  n. i  *ch easier ���������.han ih.  . _ .  "-���������_.-  2 oi tat-  eioe__  ar.d  again.     TI  fling was    the  is  in   the  aw  ihem  not they  we steppe  ,i.i-   before   i:  ship.     We ..  o-uite    plainly,    and    1 doubt  caught   sight  of  us  immediate!},,.also. \  They   wore   scarcely   a   quarter   of   a !  rui-e" away from    the  reef, periiousiy ���������  -V.av, I  thought.,  and    we  could  mark I  them crowding the    raii and staring \  landward-    We could se?  them bran-;  dishing  their weapons  and  we  c-ouid i  imagine the    yells   whicli    must have \  arisen    from     ihe" decks     v.h.ea   they i  caught  stght  of us. j  The ruffians aboard the .hip did not  content themselves  with  ing at us,  for presently  ifortable.  "Hut you?'' she asked.  "I shall do VsH'y we'd here with my  boat cloak and one of tho blaukets,  and 1 shall lie across the stern of thi*  boat between it  sight, ..nt within  need me-"  ���������*l  am  afraid."  she  said   softly.  ' Xothing can come to you exc-p. !  over my body, and 1 am a light sleep- !  . r. Anything will rouse me," I said -  reassuringly.  "1 would hoi have you banned,  either." she persisted.  ���������*1 shall not be."  "There may be wild beasts."  "i do not rhink there is an animal  ov. this Island." I laughed, "and we  hav. seen no _.i. ns of man. The ship  certainly would 'nave attracted the ���������___-  rention of sume one had not the island  b,?_u deserted.*"  'But those men out there?"  '"You forgot the rampart that God  has tlung about us- No\\\ madam, you  caa go to sleep in safety, 1 assure  you."  'Before that," she said, dropping  down on her Knees in the sand and  motioning me to follow her example,  which 1 did awkwardly enough���������I hope  1 am net a meeker ov disbeliever, but"  I confess that I didn't often bend the  knee���������"we will have a prayer together."  Sh3 had slipped a little prayer book  within her dress, and she now drew  it forth from her bosom and by the  light of the nre read the Psalm of David,  Campaign    Launched    to    Keep    Lis-  s_.-icr*ti  Product Out of the  School  Books  An interesting campaign has been  launched to put the lid on l.isaaiu.r"-  Clnuit oi Hatred against Britain. The  Cologne Volks Zeitnng, organ of the  powerful Centre party, prints the. following contribution: "A Christian  cannot today read l.issaue.r's hate  song without having it -no against, his  grain. even despite all Britain has  done to us." The object of these lines  is to start a popular agitation to keep  tha l.issauer song out of all books  which ara destined for the school  children. The German press is ashed  to give this agitation the widest, publicity-  Tin; Berliner Tageblatt adds editorially: "We read Lissuuei's successful hate song at the time of its appearance with unconcealed disapprov-  .!, for it is utterly devoid ot re-Al patriotism, and merely like rubber  stamps. *(_ott strafe England' panders to cei'lain instincts which unfor-  tunataly como to the fore in excited  rimes."  Every Canadian  Producer Should  En-  veayor   to   Produce   More   and  Better  Eggs  Canada in past years has imported  more poultry and more eggs than she  has exported.    Yet her production has  materially increased, but it has failed  to   keep   pao-j.   with  the consumption.  In twenty years    the    egg production  developed    from    6-,-l..i',_2-_l  do_ei_ to  121'!,071,0.54    dozen,    but the consumption increased from 3IS per capita to  17.:!.).    That is  to  say  the individual  fondness for eggs had increased over  fifty per cent.    The  population grew  in those  twenty  years, or from  ISiU.  to 1931, according' to the census, from  'M,81.3.23-  to    7.2-04.83S, an increase of  2,371,599,  and     the     egg    production  amounted   up     58,571,'. .13   dozen.     In  spite of this fact, and although tha exports   fell  about    to     zero,     2,378,640  dozen    had    to    be imported.    Jn. the  same time the number of poultry  in  Canada grew    from 12,696,701    to 29,- ,  54S,72.5.    Here    again,    although    the I  increase was  closa upon tnxte.n mil- j  lion,    the  imports    exceeded  the  ex-!  ports in value to the amount of .111,- j  The Army of  sp^_*_-***������������������   Horns vs. Profitable Gains  Dehcrning a Practice That May Sava*  Many Dollars to stockmen  Morns on cattle are becoming unpopular. This statement . applies  chiefly to the feeder kind that probably will be run together in lots of  three or four to a carload in size.  Horns, originally, served a .purpose,  but that necessity for protection has  long since passed away, and instead'of  being useful, horns on cattle .are now  a nuisance of the worst kind- De-  horning is a practice that may save  many dollars to stockmen, and who  is tha.3 that does not need to economize in the industry today, in order  to return the profits that satisfy?  Generally stockmen like to, run their  feeder steers loose In a large box stall  or yard, and that is whera the horns  are put to a use that decreases gains,  and furthermore, when a man's eyes?  and face are in danger the arguments  for dehorning stand indisputable.  The process at the start is simple indeed. It has been explained time and  time again, yet during this spring wo  have noticed many calves that have  baen allowed to start horns which,  must, result in nothing less than obstacles to their profitable finishing and  that of their mates. A stick of caustic  potash moistened and rubbed on the  096. .    Last year, the excess of imports of j buttons some time before The "calves  eggs over exports reached the virtu-', ave three weeks old will prevent their  allv    enormous    total    of    11,150,106 '  Is Growing Smaller Every Bay.  CARTEL'S LITTLE   ^afe^  LIVER PILLS are ^^  responsible���������they l  only give* relief ���������  they DErmanently  iich. begins:     "Out of the deep  ������imnly   star-1 nave 1 called unto Thee, O Lord, Lord ;  they "assem-! hear my voice." And then she prayed j  ! using some of the old collects of the !  cure Constipation.    Mil  lions use  them tor  B.Uozs* ^P  ness, Indigestion, Sick Headache* Sallow Skin.  Small-Pill, Small Dose, Small Pricsc  Genuine must bear Signature  biod on the port quarter���������the ship was  !er all plain sail on the starboard . church and  adding one    of    her own  under an pram  tack at the time,  en io v. gentle liu.i.  ���������   and   clambered   into  swinging at.  the  davits.  on tr.  ie wind  *-���������_._.    .1,. .���������  having fall's! : the day  the cut ter,  As she was  lowered into the water, fully manned,  .Mistress Lucy drew closer to my side,  seizing my arm with both hands.  "Let us fiy! They are coming to  take us!" sho cried in great alarm.  "But they are on a vain errand," 1  reassured lier.  "But why? How can you know  that? Oh, Master Hampdon, let us  hast?n away."  "We have a protector," I answered  confidently enough.  "God?" asked she.  "His handiwork," I replied as I indicated with a gesture the harrier reef  over which the waves were breaking-  ���������"But we passed it."'  "Yes, in a light dinghy, and you remember the difficulty and danger.  They will never surmount it in the  heavy cutter. They will not attempt it,  trust me.''  "But   if   there   should   be   an   open-  ;., o- ���������>"  J ������ * !���������-,   ������  "I don't believe there is one,"' was  my reassuring reply. "T have no fear  that thoy can get at. us."  "And we can't get to them," she  answered more* camposedly.  "I have no wish so to do," 1  laughed.  "Vou don't understand me," she por-  To Raze Ottawa Sagging   lower  .  ��������� ,     After   having   slowly     but   steadily  .iiaI,������s__rMs^-i!H. a���������^e"!^ i sagged for years, the tower of the new  Victoria Museum in Ottawa, which has  been in a dangerous condition for tha  last twelve months, is to be taken  down, and it is stated by local engineering experts that there is a pos-  sibilitv that- the wholo building may  have to be razed.  The Dominion public works department has already asked for ten-  dors for the removal of the tower.  listed,  v.s  in"  "Ye.?.'  for   .he  kept in  ���������-���������.ho  !  'What keeps them.out keeps  ' I admitto'l, "iliat is true, but  prosput    I   don't   mind   being  so long as tliey are kept out."  dokoil at mc rjuicklv and eon-  hogot.  ie :\d-  st-d afterward Dial  my words  wo.  ''ui'.k suspicion    which  s  ���������uitu-d was unworthy  warranted by any act  hoksd  so  placid  that  ���������'.'oni her min it. As a  I had not appreciated  i.. my v.'ordn. I shouid  of her and vtn-  of mine, but I  it soon passed  n.att.r of fact,  the significance  have h-on por-  i't-ciiy willing, I should ho still, fo pukh  .hi' ifst of niy lilt, alone <������u Ilia!, island  <r anywhere! .���������I.e.* with iny Hula mls-  trr.r 'only. 1 waH happy tlion. 1 had  .���������.-.'��������� her t.o in.���������..-.elf; (.he niu.'d Umk to  u.i* for every thing. The haughty llttlo  f the I'.uirtrnlri'l. was now tlio  dcpftiiirnt by my side.  ,11-i-n  ,;n:iil  t:  r*.f \!'TI.I'.   XH.  InBide the  BcrKer  V. ���������   tniilr.c'.l along the .mud  parallel  i tli--  iioai, whicli  waa following the  ,111",-.        <;!    \M<*    It'll lii'l*    reel',    I-.* .'kill'',  ,i,.,   I   ji .,..������,   i ji   ;,    ,, uu'il   iioi   find     a a  'i-i'ii'--  to llu-  ia.inui  ii ii :1  thence  to I  ,i-   i   1, iri.     Tin*   la,",inin   narrowcil   in j  l>i.i-''"s  null!  had   it   not.  hen   for thei  i'i.'ii* ii" the  wav'-a  in  the reel  a hull |  .   iiibl  .'������������������*;dl,' have cari'lc I.  I am ii'.liinu- ,  i   1   to   ...,\   Hint   |   u:'.ia|   iii-iilt in'..   ;.'-:i- :  ���������i.r\     uu    .X'fir-i'ili.    wli."l'i*!'l    I'oiiii*   of |  the in  !,!<'>���������I   up  in   iin*  11fi:11   and  i'.hnul. \  tli'-lr lli-t!-,  in our dii'i'i'i inn. A ll hon;*,ii i  *��������� ;i"       ; - %��������������������� _r -   I In y   I'linlil    lli.l    ie," ell    II:',  ..,',,      I,. , .    ,,. ,     '..;,.'.;*   !::"!v-" *   :mwI   a  'na! tiif   In   u:'.      Mlir   tli",v   hail   io '.'ed  :' '    :���������:������������������'':     ''   '!' ���������   I   I*hmI   t.. i ��������� y   r;i vi������   Il  -,ii  ..uu   ,-.     ,!   ;..ii \\   lo   the  .hip,   \,,1ih'li  hail   in I"*.'- ' il   I 1ii*Ii*   rinil'!:!',  I'.y  tin.   t nn ���������  I  if  iiny   \s an   l'ii i   ,,|n ,il,  '��������� making in which she besought God to j  care for ur. further, while she thanked \  Him  fo  for her in my poor person, only she  did not so describe it. I listened very  humbly, saying a heartfelt "Amen'' at  the end.  There was a silence   for    a    little  space when she. had  finished, and  in j  that  silence I  devoted myself before  God to her service again, and then she  i*os3 and  gave me her hand.  "You have been a true knight and  gentleman," she said softly, her eyes  shining, "and 1 thank you."  I could only take it dumbly and  stare at. her like the great fool I was,  whereat she smiled brightly, although  her eyes suddenly filled with tears.  "And now," she added; "God keep  von.    Good-night."  I  then    kissed her extended  hand,  which sh'i suffered without resistance.  1 sat tor a long lime before the five,  thinking and making plans for our cs-  |cape.    The ship didn't give me much  concern,    because    1   was  sure    she  couldn't come at us and in the end she  'must go away and If ave us.  i     A   long   time   1   sat   there   until   1  | finally foil asleep.    1 must. have, -lept  some  time  and    soundly    for 1.  was  wearied.    It   was  she  who  awakened  me.   When I opened my eyes and saw  her sweet face bending over me and  hoard her dear voice calling me I declare 1 almost felt as if 1 had died nnd  gone  lo  heaven  and   was being  welcomed by an ang'cl.  Our   first,   waking   thought  was   for  the ship.    t_h-  was still there in the  oiling.    She had  boen  hove to during  ! tho night.   1 could Imagine what, fierce  j debate  and     wrangling     there     were  aboard her.  The day that passed was much like  the afternoon before. Although wo  were by thia time persuaded that tho  Ireef waa un absolute protection, t.  vaguo possibility that ihey could devise menus lo pass if lb soma way  kept v.r, unctu-y on lho sand. We n.u..t  hove .horn under obfovvation. Wc  I were ..agor to explore tha beautiful  | vale enclosed by (he huge rampart,  but we did not rinr. lo he where wo  c,-ul<l not watch the nhip, We did  walk along th:- ahorc and a.-...*������.*nd the  Kiiuit fdnlr- in tho nl'tmnoon, then,  while she. watched the sea within calling distance .u' un:, i luuiiugi-d ...< ".*���������..*.._  I rule lho jungle with ax in hand, so  thnt finally 1 made shll"! to cut down  a cocoa palm tree, and w_  ���������n. many didickiu,'. niiUias  curry ami   iv turned  m  ihe  and ought to use occasionally,  a proper remedy for the  headache, backache, languor,  nervousness and depression to which she may he  subject. These troubles and  others are symptoms of debility and poor circulation, caused  by indigestion or constipation  avo at onco safe, certain and  convenient. Thoy clear tho cystem  find purify tha blood. They exert n p,_neral tonici effect and  insure good health and otrcngth,  i>o that*, nil lho bodily organs do  their natural work without causing  .���������-.iTcring. Every woman of tho  thouaandfl who luivo tried them,  knows   thut   Bccchum'a    IMllu   act  T������ ������������rlata  enormous total of  dozen while ot* poultry in ll>14 we exported in value $20...370; but we imported .$406,366, a difference of $199,-  ii:'G. These figures, striking as they  are, are almost impossible as they  seem, are yet official, being taken  from Pamphlet No. 7 ct the Poultry  Division, of the Dominion Department  of Agriculture, entitled "The Egg and  Poult; y Situation in Canada, with  notes upon, the possible effect of the  war upon tho Development of the Industry," by W. A. Brown, B.S.A-.  and can be verified on application for.  the pamnhlet to the Publications  Branch, Department of Agriculture,  __ -taws.  The statistics given in the pamphlet are both phenomenal and interesting. . No other articles of food  have shown such an increase in popu- j  iaiity. At the same time prices generally have increased and been well  maintained. Mr. Brown does not undertake to explain the phenomena, but  contents himself with proving that  it is so and that the increase in every  particular is common to all the prov-.  inces. He also gives particulars of  import of poultry into Great Britain,  which in 1913 amounted in value to  $5,411,684, of which Russian supplied  ������1.640,92:., the United States ������999,890,  Austria-Hungary $470,767, Italy $410,-  902, China $219,472, Egypt $130,300.  Holland $121,739, Belgium $108,268,  Norway $68,960. Germany $58,005 and  Canada, seemingly, nil-  From the foregoing figures and the  genaral condition of things in Europe,  .lr. Brown arrives at the conclusion  that Britain will this yaar be short  of eggs and poultry to the amount of  a million and a half dollars, or of eggs  alone to the sum of one hundred million dozen. Every Canadian producer  should endeavor, therefore, to produce  this year more and better eggs and  poultry than  ever before.  Good   Record  of C.P.R.  ;Most people hnow that, the Canadian  PaciHe Railway traverses over eleven  thousand miles of country in Canada,  encounters even tropical and arctic  weathers; cuts its way through the  rugged and difficult country along  the shores of Lake Superior; t.ro-_.._  the endless prairies ol" ihe west; and  finally runs through the glories of the  Canadian Rockies whore the road in  some plac-H has been hewn out of the  mountain titles under towering peaks;  through groat canyons; and in oilier  place- tunnals and spiral railn have to  he negotiated, all necessitating (tare in  operation. But in spite of all thoso  dUlicullieH tho Canadian Pacific has  not killed a. single paHfiengcr in a  train accident during the pant two  year.., which is a record Carmd-. can  place agalUHt. the recent boast of the  P-Miiu-ylnvinia Railroad  Hilled a passenger in  l-Hpe-alaHy so when if  that. the. latter road lias  climate conditio;!.' to  eai-y country through  versos.  growth, and help to bring about a  polled animals. The feeder prefers the  animals without horns; they feed better, they ship better, and they reach  the slaughter house in better shape.  This is enough to warrant the raiser  of beef cattle making liberal use of  caustic potash-���������Advocate.  tlte  JYS- TI-RUI  _n__.wwn _ l#   hi ������--_-&!  ay  Find   Help  Letter.  m  Thi������  I������  Worth a Guinea a Box  t)lrtcliom wldi -_v_r* Dox _I Sn^cUl V������lco ".o V. o_������_  i^'.i. i.tryv.'h-r..    ��������������������������� !"<���������������. ���������. _.!*. ,���������...[_���������.  not having  threo years.  Ih com.idore.1  no I Ih- mime  face and the  which   It  tra  gi! th ered  we  could  i i < 111 ��������� ���������  no ii  The   ('.own    The  mil  hla  wife have  l'ii:*   I'll lUll.-.  Tin' t'ontfii'l riiil. I  'I lie ("luv. n    The  ",| l!ic arrival uf a  ('out Iniierl)  tlghl  anoth  -How'  rope   walker  'i' acrobat Ia  ii Ihiil?  dor'.; ,|ur,1   a .'limine  Imnnchu. baby '-.iri.  The I'liully eh .-nil..!. ...oort behind the  (���������-untor glancing bonigjily at the cluih-  hv youngster over the bottle:..  ".Misli.T," .-.aid I lie -..mall hoy. "I  want ji. bold, o" ib..ni pllla you s.old  my father ihe day beforo yc'uei'day."  "Certainly, niy 11111* "man," ("lie  chemist r.pllcil. "I hope they are doing hire  goad."  "Diinno. M' ihey're doing him flood,"  replied Ihe. youngator, "hut Ihey ave  lliMn,������ my new nlr gun a' right."  If wa_ a time when Tim should have  been in aeliv.'. service (hat he wa i  dit'oovorod by his H.rgoant. in a hole  well out of the way of even a atvay  bullet, -riot, out ot (hat hole!" commanded the. He.rgonnt ..leriily. "G:.f out.  ol' It l-iiiiodiiUely."' The ummlly good-  nai.ujod iiUiu I'm c .-".-'ii..d v.j. at. him  wtih ..tnhhoiu renl-danee writ tint on  every feature. ''Vou may be nn. superior oNIcc.r," he. answered boldly, "but,  all tho Manu.', O'im the one lh_-i found  I hi.-.   IioL*  _ir--"-.d. '  aiiili* la (hanp.ing."  to   be   getting  "I   believe our  "Think no."  '���������Our  winters   reem  wanner.''  "Well, ihe women wouldn't wear  eiuui-rh cUiilui*. The climate had to  cluing.1.   The women wouldn't."  Swan Creek, Mich.���������"I cannotspesl-  too highly of your medicine. "Whens  through-neglect or  overwork I get run  down and my appetite is poor and X  have that weak, languid, always tired  feeling, I get a bottle of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable  Compound, and it  ^builds me up, gives  tne strength, and restores me to perfect  health again. It is truly a great blessing to women, and I cannot speak too*  highly of it. I take pleasure in recommending it to others."���������Mrs. Annie  Cameron, R.F.D., No. 1, Swan Creek,  Michigan.  Another Sufferer Relieved.  Hebron, Me. ���������"Before talcing your  remedies I was all run down, discouraged and had female weakness. I took  Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and used the Sanative Wash, and  find today that I am an entirely new-  woman, ready nnd willing to do my  housework now, where before talcing;  your medicine it was a dread. I try to  impress upon tho minds of all ailing  women I moot the benefits they can  derivo.from your medicines." -���������-Mrs.  Charles Rowb, R. F. D., No. 1p  Hebron, Maine.  If you -want special advice*  write to l-y.llu, K. Plnlcham Mod*  icino Co., (confidential) !__ymi,  Miisf_. Your letter wll lb������ opened,  i-eiid and answered liyawiman  ��������� and __c-d ia_. atfiet contUlcncc.  Hog Cholera Scrum Tried  (.irutifyius; (.iteeiv.fi Is reported from  Ihe ics-ox county Heed farms, two  mileH north of Amh.Ti.tburg where  exteiiHive Ur.ts of cholera ������ovum havo  lice.n tried on a lnrno herd of hoga,  tinder arnui^emeulH with and by special pern.ifii.ion of tho Dominion di*-  imrtiiient, of aKrliMillurc. A double  1 rent ment. with ..ernn. aud virus sueh  ������__; haa been adopted hy Ihe federal  Kovoniment of the, United states of  tha Union wan Riven to 105 hosr-,  aiid Nwl ;;*.*;'. ilaiu-j, well r.ho-'_���������>'*_ no-  slsnrt of reaetloh and H'lilnlntv in.  welRlit. The troafmenl, which ��������� 1������  Himply a form of vaeelnutlon, la believed by A. M-Kenny. n.fl.A.., to-be.  ������.*alli'-*'y fuif rr r.;\'\\\ and o-in.d. .<"*��������� n*-  ports of the lerdH whltth nre the mo. t  .���������Nt.eiifUV.'' ever made in Ontario, will  he HtibmiUod to the j;ovuiiiment.  "We nniKf have un organ io support  \\n," iiniil the  pnte.flciil  politician.  ".hint whiit I wus Hiiyln.. (o my monkey," obHerved the Itinerant, lmi-ielan.  DAMS'* W  R.roniv(*sf.  i\t\t\   lte'-t������-Hec Hie ^oi^KwiiuXi"  /i.m-m, THK XtEVIEW, CRESTON, B. C.  Predicts Higher  ' Cost of Living  Oxford   Professor Sees  No  Decline in  Prices After the  War is Over  There will be no more cheap prices.  After this war the worid is ih for a  period of rising prices, declared Dr.  Slater, principal of Ruskiiv College,  Oxford, in the .first of a series of lectures on economic phases of the world  war.  VI do not believe," he said, "that  there will be a period of poverty after  the war. There, will be no necessity  for poverty and such poverty as there,  is will be due to misapplication of the'  productive powers which will be available.  'Tt wiii be the poverty which comes  from wasted resources and not from  inadequate resources. There will be  no return to , pra-war prices. That  means that there will be a permanent  readjustment of our methods. There  will have to be a permanent rise of  wages and other permanent readjustments to meet the higher prices.  "The proper policy for the trades  unions is to accept the war bonuses  not for the duration of the war, but  for the duration of the higher prices"  The Match  Of Today  1$ the perfected product of  over 60 years experience in  the match making business.  lilent Parlor  If correctly held and struck  on any rough surface, is warranted to give a steady, clear  light, first stroke.  ���������The E. B_ Eddy Co.  ^ LIMITED  'Hull,  Canada  ������������������Un-American"  Who will say that there is net ab  solute justice and the highest morality-  in   a   practice   that   permits   Belgium  and .France and those who are fighting   their   battles   to   purchase   munitions where they may*.    Certainly no  American  who understands  the  principles   of   liberty  and    freedom     for  which bis country stands and has ever  stood.    The cry for an embargo upon  export of munitions from this country  contains not a shred of Americanism.  _t is  not only  un-American  but  anti-  Vmerican.    It is simply and solely of  , Jermans,  hy Germans, for  Germany.  And just as it is  essentially pro-uer-  man and anti-American, so it is inherently   and   absolutely   immoral.���������New  York Herald. "A  CASH IS YOURS  a.id easy to got if you take vn the  a gency-. All automobile owners \v*mr.  .he*.*!).r tires. We offer tire's at c-o.t. to  .ui' privileged meml-ci-i-. . Membershi.,  fee is: only live dollars. You S'i'-e it. on  mu*cl.as-C of one tire. K vou want agency  ���������_Tor your loi-rltorv von limst ho. alert ni.d  write at once for l.arUculai'.. and plan,  "-.'he"-" you show the plan you book the  Justness. If you own si ear you should  become a member yourself. Acme Tire  Cub. "1  Wood  St.,   Toronto.   Ont.  A     Pill     That   Proves   Its  Value.���������  Those of weak stomach will find  strength in Parmelee's Vegetable Pills  because they serve to maintain the  healthful action of the stomach and  the liver, irregularities in which are  most distressing. Dyspeptics are well  acquainted with them and value them  at their proper Avorth. They have afforded" relief when other preparations  have failed, and have effected cures in  ailments of long standing Avhere other  medicines Avere found unavailing.  Be Thankful, Be Careful  One chastening thought must also  be wtih us. It is shown abundantly  that Ave are richer than Germanv bat  it also costs us far more to wage war  an dto subsidize our allies. Let us te  very thankful that our resources  stand the tear as finely as they do;  but let us beAvars of thinking that for  that reason any of us Avould be justified in squandering bis pai't of them  upon avoidable private expenditure.���������  London Daily Chronicle.  Catarrh Cannot Be Cured  with I_OCAI_ APPLICATIONS, as they  cannot reach tho seat of the disease. Catarrh is a blood or const.tutioua. disease,  and in order to cure it you must Hake internal remedies. Hall's Catarrh Cure is  taken internally, and acts directly upon  the blood and mit'cous surfaces. Hall's  Catarrh Cure is not a quack medicine*. It  was prescribed by one of the best physicians in this country for years and its a  regular prescription. It is composed, of  the best tonics known, combined with the  best blood purifier, acting directly on the  mucous surfaces. The perfect combination of" the two ingredients is what pro-  -iir-pR siir-v. ���������wonderful re-.1-!.!-- In __-_'___**r'  catarrh. Send for testimonials, free.  F. J. CHENEY & CO.. Props.. Toledo. O.  . Soid by Druggists, price 75c  .Take Hall's Family Pills for Constipation.  \/OU can't imagine* how delicious a dish of -Oat-'  ��������������� meal Porridge becomes .when it is sweetened with "Crowt:  Brand'* Corn Syrup.  Have it for breakfast to-morrow ��������� watch the kiddies' eyes  sparkle with, the first spoonful���������see how they come for 'more'  Much cheaper than cream and sugar���������better for the  children, too.  Spread the Bread with t'Crow?i Brand"��������� serve it  ou Pancakes aiid Hot Biscuits, on Blanc Mange and  Baked Apples���������use it for Candy-Making.  *'_.IT. V Tt 'IIITI-y is a pure \vh ite Corn _ynip,_ior. delicate  !-il m       or thsm "^'rowa Brand".   You may prefer it,  'M ASK YOUR SROCER-.k 2, 5, to & 20 lb. Tins  _ i_h.ii-.i- ������Ji!     THE CANADA STARCH CO. LIMITED  I__. _fi.^ _^���������fPli Makcls of th0 Famous Edwnrdsburg Brands.  SMlItfc- CVH"  li Works-Cardinal-Brantford-l-ort William.  a      *.*- ^e-      j^ Head Office .-   -  1  "^ti'   _____?  t?-i_ISS.  Montreal  WANTED  In every town iu Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta  AN ACTIVE. HONEST SALESMAN  A-pplv to District Office- of  ;vpei oinn  nil.  At V.i'.mipi  i irr  AyE_i-.3_t.fi li_ e  Regina. Saskatoon,  l_J<.l!I__.BJ.fcF  on.  Calgrary and I-;dmqnto:i  Corns     instant  _h? __ I������ _vr  -.p. __���������*.-*.������;._- .  Ol*0|5 Paint    on    Putnam's  Extractor tonight and  corns feel bett.r in the  morning. Magical the  way "Putnam'o" oases the pain, destroys the roots, kills a corn l'or all  tints.: No pain. Cure guaranteed. Get  ���������a 2 .c, bottle of Putnam's Extractor today. -  The War and the Empire  The Avar, by which our enemies in  their ignorance hoped to dissolve the  union, has immeasui'ably strengthened  this faith and accelerated this progress. Never have the sistsr nations  felt so near to each other as in this  hour oE their common trial. Never,  have they seen co clearly how all that  each holds dearest depends on their  united efforts noAV and their closer  union hereafter.:���������London Times.  Tourist���������How Mr is it to the village  of Slocum?  Natlvc---Foive nillo. sir. Hut you be  Avalltlng away from it.  Tourist���������Hut the sign post, directed  mo 'thi*. v/ay!  Native���������Ah, yvs! But we've 'ail all  tlu. sign, post- turned round to fool Uiu  i-t'pjioliii-.  CANADIAN   PACIFIC   UPPER   LAKE  STEAMERS  leave Fort William at 2 p.m. and  Port Arthur o p.m. for Port Mc-  Nicoll, connecting with ''Steamship  Express" for Toronto and all points  in Eastern Canada and Eastern  States���������S.S. Alberta Sundays, S.S.  Keowatin Fridays, S.S. Manitoba  Saturdays, s.s. Assiniboia on Tuesdays and S.S. Athabasca ou Thursday... Train connect Ina- with these  steamers leave Winnipeg at 18.051.  dav prior to sailing. Call on Canadian Pacific Passcugor Agent, corner Main and Portage. (Phono IM.  :.70-:.71), and maUe reservation.���������  adv.  Great Irrigation Project  The Dominion government is now  considering tbe starting of an irrigation project in Southern Alberta,  wiii oil will be one of ths largest irrigation schemes on the continent.  ' A number of engineers have been  sent to ths territory known as the  Pawoki district of 'Southern Alberta.  Engineers also are out on the Crow's  Nest line and what is known as the  Milk River district, getting information as to the water courses, contour  of the country and cost of irrigation  of nearly every available acre in the  southern country. Water is to be  taken from St. Mary's River, the  Bell Milk, Waterton and other  streams.  The magnitude of the project considered by tha government v/ill be  understood when it is stated that  nearly all of the portion of the province heretofore known as the driest  section   is   em-braced   in   tha   scheme.  To Asthma Sufferers.���������Dr. J. D. Kel-  logg's Asthma Remedy comes like a  helping hand to a sinking swimmer. It  gives new life and hope by curing his  trouble���������.something he has come to believe impossible. Its benefit is loo evident, to be questioned���������it is its own  best argument���������its own best advertisement. If you suffer from asthma  get this time-tried remedy and find  help like thousands of others.  jrrutect  Minard's  Etc.  Liniment    Cures   Burns,  ThotiHtmdH of mothers can testify to  .be -virtu- of Mother Gravest' Worm  t_xti*rmtnal or, becauoa thoy know  from experlei'C- how usel'iil it is.  Mit-lc     Doah-'i Anil       here's     the  "ijiicia" ttcxtctte���������a very popular record.  Mr..!. Ho.. (vir|.'.ioi..i.y. No, no! for  a family machine; tber.Va too much ol'  thiH hoc biialnevs iiowndnys.  Krupp's Great Snfe  Krupp.. are credited by tho American conr.ul ut Nurcnvbttrg with  having Just turned out a safe whicli  will baffl.' even ..clo'ill'-ts lo open.  In ordar to mako a hole large enottji  to admit tho hand 2.C4U gallons of  oxygen ami __,n78 gallons of actey-  U.*."'_ .would ho iiciulcil. It. is believed  that this Hat'c has been -Weinlly con-  fltruetf-rt I'or tlu kai._i' us a hriven  oi rol'ugo for hhn when tlio iluul  crash conies.  Mlnard'o   Liniment  Cures  Dandruff.  "Anv i".."!'.?    A.iv old iron?'' chatifi. d  tho dealer, uh In knoclcoil at the door.  The  mini    of    th.***    houtio  h.ni-ell'  C.P.R. Photographic Competition  A photographic competition recently  organized by the C.P.R. is highly  commended by tho Canadian lilm and  camera industries. Photographic <le_il-  ers say that thoy have not been so  busy for a long timo, and bless tho  thought of tho C.P.R. Hundreds of  amateur.photographers will from this  on ba enlisted in the cause, which Is  that of obtaining pictures along the  lino nf the avIioIo .ystem���������pleturef.  snapped unpreparedly nntl spontaneously, and whioh arc so much more  telling than tho formal pose. Tho  C.P.R. barf Its own photographer.., of  eoun.0, wllli Mr. Bennett in charg.,  but these compel'.live pictures will, It  is anticipated,' producri unstudied  i-canci. at lho summor reBnrts. on tho  lakes uiu id tho hills and valley*-.���������  scon..- endowed with tho brlghtiioKB of  holiday llfo. Theso, whan tlio awards  live made, will he used In the folder  literature of the company, Aviilclt desires bright aiid unstudied jj-ilmp. oh of  M\._ human side of thing*, throughout  tho country in tho warm aunimer days,  w!i.;i ������:n many of onr peoplrr* aro in  tlio country.  opened   din   door,     "No,  -napped th- lion:;-holder  "There':, nothlv.;\ !'c r -.  in away."  The Itimvai.t in������'i'i'lirin  moment and then iiuiitir,  bottles."  go   away!"  Irritably,  ou; My  v.ifc  hi.viilaliMl  a  'd:  "Any old  Minard's  rjln.  Liniment Relieveo  Neural  Our Boys are in the trenches. But we Canadians  have a man's work to do,���������right.here at Home.  We are threatened by cowardly enemies. From  these we must protect ourselves.  The Peabodys Overall Factory (Walkerville, Ontario)  was bombed on the night of June 20th, because of its  activity in making uniforms for Lord Kitchener's Army.  The Windsor Armoury's destruction was attempted the  same night because soldiers were sleeping there. The  same enemy agency attempted to blow the C. P. R.  Bridge at Port Arthur, also the Welland Canal. Attempts to kill and destroy in this cowardly manner  have been made all over the Dominion.  So���������Rally to the Home Guard.  This Patriotic Movement for the protection of our  homes and public institutions is sweeping across Canada*  Your King and Canada Need You.  Every man, woman and child of you.  To support the Home Guard is merely a pledge of the  loyalty and the patriotism of those who cannot go to  the front.  So���������Support the Home Guard.  Clip the attached Coupon.    Sign it and get a handsome  Home Guard Button Free from the nearest store which  is Agent for PEABODYS "Bomb-Proof" Overalls.  Every PEABODYS dealer is official distributors of Home Guard Buttons and Uniforms.  See the news columns of this newspaper for the official representative  of the Home Guard in your town,  he will give you your Home Guard  Button.  Yours for Loyalty and Home  Protection,  THE PEABODYS COMPANY,  Limited,  Walkerville, Ontario.  \      i l..<*k   hi   dli'l'. Ii'lit.   lYolil  fib;  mini.  lie In what r.  ..he    When  it  worUhiK.  i-PCCl  .iti'iki.'  Il    Ul'.'Pii   Oil  (.of.hiioy Itiifumin (io driver of '>vns-  j.on loaded with Mrrnp iron)���������Now,  then, uilmh'iil, .mil on oiic Hide. Vou  can't have nil the rami.  Driver of Wa__0!i--\\iio ,*r.* you  .���������-Hiti;-, aidiiiliul, yon rcd-l'accil potato-  i.'in pmiher'.  I.umiuui Now, fifliiiir.il. don I -vet  out ol" loiui-i'i* even ll' you an* taklii;;  the t.t.nn.\n lloct home!  Cut cut this Coupon and Exchange  ic iO.   .. xx\j..\\, ^iUivi  -l_������U__.___ _.*__*_.  I will lend my moral support to the  Home Guard. I will do oil I can to asnlat  our Government to Protect the Home.  As n pledge of which I will wear-a  Jlonu: Guaici him ton.  Name-     Addrcsi:!  Prc'.icnt coupon for E-clianj������e nt: the  i.cuic-l. A_ent of I'cubody;. Overall-.  ^KH^  cr*  VV.   I-.,   u.    IU/C  KJ. ^3.       I������_J  ss  m m  ______  ______  E__J ISx7  jEBUmW'  _________       ________!  I5S. Jm  <^_l__w.   nbw  _______1_-_M____________.  ���������     *  mitmmtSBmmBifSl  *������mk     ������������������1H  C3  WW      i^   0W     wl    9W     ^r\   flr    ^W  **9***/nj*������ ��������� M.- *\i ��������� *t _^-_y _i������iwii-"i.  *>j>>w;> jgwfry*?^ '*XW3Jlte$*fKfi&ef}?i  ^--^^^^  -_WI-WMtBi_-i_,J----.i^i--_-T^'_-,-.,-^  tr-wra****^^  THB  CRESTON   REVIEW  Young Pigs For Sale  Grade .Berks, 6  weeks  old, will  make   good   growth   before     eold  weather,���������Stocks   &      Jackson  Mountain   View  Ranch,   Creston,  Local and Personal  In order to keep the Drugstore open under present-  conditions we are compelled  to place our CREDIT SYSTEM ON A MONTHLY  BASIS, with exceptions  only in case of illness. We  have instructions from Cranbrook to adhere to the above  rule as it is necessary if we  are to meet OUR obligations  Si esio fi Drug-S-EG-kC  Principal Masterton and W. de  Macedo of the Creston school staff,  and A. L. Dougherty, principal at  Alice Siding, spent the Thanksgiving  vacation at Nelson.  The P. Burns Co. made a shipment  of another carload of beef cattle to  Nelson oh Wednesday���������the second  within a month. There were 24 head  in the lot, principally Indian stock.  Erank Ebbutt got away on Tuesday,  via the overland route, to go on duty  at the internment-camp at Morrissey,  He took passage on Capt. Maliai.-  daine's saddle horse, and hoped to  negotiate the mileage in two days.  The Fruit Growers Union made the  muil shipment   of  1915   tomatoes   on  i Wednesday,     when    a    few    crates  ; brought in by W. Levesque went east.  ' the first tomatoes for export also came  from that section, from Tt. B.  Staples  ranch.  1  With such regulars a*-; Hugh Mc-  Oreath. Bill Crawford, Dr. Henderson.  C. O. Rodgers and some others failing  to put in an appearance as per usual  on Tuesday it is superfluous to state  that there was no October.* meeting of  hoard of trade.  John Huscroft paid Kitchener one-  day visit on Tuesday, returning the  following afternoon.  Mike McCarthy left last week for  Canal Flats, where he will be on his  old job operating a steam shovel on  the Kootenay Central.  0. O. Rodgers is away on a business  trip to Regina, and possibly Winnipeg. He is hustling for sufficient contracts to keep the mill running pretty  well up to capacity all winter.  Monday was the quietest Thanksgiving Day Creston has had in years,  even the customary dauce at night being conspicuous by its absence. Hunting parties were numerous and some  good bags of ducks are reported.  A Vernon despatch to Monday's Nelson News states that J. W. Carfra and  3. E. Wood, two of the Valley's recruits with the 5_th Battalion, along  with three others, "are transferred to  the overseas draft 54th Battalion from  A company."  M. 0. Hunt of Graml Forks, of the  provincial horticulturist's staff, was  here last week gathering up the customary supply of apples for the department's usual winter-keeping experiments. About, 20 boxes were forwarded Victoria for the work.  M  ____ _____ __-_-*������ ________  mmmWm,  __^t_V VtmTSZW    _-VB__F    _P_____  THE   HOME  OF   THB-.-..,  TRANSIENT  CO-./WOD/OUS  SAMPLE  ROOMS  THE BEST AND  MOS1  POPULAR HOTEL.. IN  THB  KOOTENAYS  Run   on strictly   up-to-date  sery_.ce iti  Kitchen  cook)    all  lines. Unexcelled  all departments,  staff (including  white ladies. Every comfort  and .attention given to guests  The bar is s upplied with  only the best brand of goods.  :  ��������� _���������������  a_r -  Phone 67  CRESTON  P. BoK^  ft   n_  & uo  Uffiite. d  /> o t"**t_ r_ *������M  B.C  Head   Offices  CALGARY; -VANCOUVER; EDMONTON  Mr. l_ee. electrician at the Sullivan  mine, Kimberley, was hung up here  Saturday for repah*s to his Ford at the  Bevan garage. While homeward  bound from Spokane be had a breakdown between Port Hill and Crestbu,  and had to be towed in by R. S.Bevan,  Messr-.. John Cooper (Wynndel), F.  Staples (Erickson), anu B. K. Tus__ei  and  George Meade, jr., left the early  . part of the week for Morrissey Mines,  near Fernie, where they are now on  guard duty at the alien  internment  j camp* under command  of Capt. Mal-  i landaine.  Since Mack Bovd's return from his  Among the October building permits is one for a new stable at the  Kootenay River ferry which Fred  Hurry is erecting in his spare time.  Business would seem to he brisk at  the ferry for this time of yeai*, he had  almost 50 round trips to handle last  Sunday.  Creston Red Cross workers are hoping i\i their meeting on Tuesday next  to have a barrel of jam aud preserves  on hand to pack for shipment to the  men on the firing line. If you have a  jar or two to contribute please leave  it at S. A. Speers' store any time up  to Tuesday afternoon.  Ashley Cooper was in town on Tues-  hunting trip in the Kitchener country  day'from a  little  trip   to   Kootenay  I deep peace reigns in   the   hills herea-1 Landing.    He is of opinion   that   Al-  ��������� bouts, the bears and other fauna hav-  ��������� ing time to come out   of their holes,  De*-h*r_ in  MEAT  ���������������_..������ * _-.������_.  w jsoi-"_>_*_._���������  ��������� a  anu  ������**_-._ _. :i  i\c _-__ _ i  Fish. Game,   Poultry,  and Oysters  in Season  We have tht goorls, and  our pr'ces are reasonable  Synopsis of Coal Mining  Regulations  Coal mining rights of the Dominion,  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Territory, theNorth-  West Territory and in a port ion of the  Province of British Columbia, maybe  leased for a term of twenty-one years  at an annual rental of $1 an acre." Not  more than 2,o-0 acres will he leased to  one applicant.  Application foi n lease must be made  by the applicant in person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district in which  the rights applied for nre situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  Ikc described hy sections, or legal subdivisions oj sections, and in un_urv_y-  ed territory the tract applied for ('hall  be staked out by the applicant himself.  Kacli application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are not,  available, but nut otherwise. A royalty  -ball be paid on the merchantable output, of the mine at, the rate of five cents  per ton  | j lick their paws and examine the scen-  ! ery a little bit, pending the retxirn of  Milt Beam.  The first of the season's Red Cross  ten-cent teas was on Tuesday afternoon at. the home of Mrs. Geo. Johnson, Victoria Avenue, which attracted  a fine turnout of the workers, the  proceeds being slightly over $5. The  depot will be open on Tuesday to receive and give out work.  Dan Cameron, chef at the Creston  Hotel, got quite an agreeable surprise  in Friday's mail, when be received his  bronze medel for service in the Fenian  Raid in 1870. Mr. Cameron held the  rank of sergeant of a company in the  09th Regiment���������a volunteer corps  raised in Glengarry country, Ontario-  He got his Fenian Raid land grant  some years ago.  Capt. Mallandaine, who i������ now at  Morrissey Mines in charge of the alien  internment camp, was a passenger  through to Nelson on Sunday on business in connection with raising two  companies in that city for the 107th  Kootenay Regiment. In reporting  the matter the Daily News gives him  the rank of major, though at the hotel  he still modestly registers as Capt,  Mallandaine.  R. "L. T. Gnlh.uth, Fort Steele, the  Kootenay Indian agent, and A. Mc-  graw of Vernon, inspector of Indian  agencies for British Columbia, along  ���������with Thos. Wilson of Victoria, inspector of Tmlian orchards, were here  on Tuesday in connection with an Indian agricultural competition which  wns inaugurated this year. Owing to  the small aera available for cultivation  on tho Creston reserve none of the  local redmen were prize-winners.  Business was suspended at Cranbrook for neveral hours on Thursday  lant to give the citizens a chance to  ihspcct a box of "eranappies", from F.  G. Tattle's orchard, whicli the mayor  had sent to the city of sackcloth and  ashes via Condnel-or Joe Jackson. And  as Ben Palmer was hoard to remark,  berta has been getting some pretty  severe weather as the ducks on the  lake are unusually nurner-ous for this  time of year in B.C. Miss Ethel  Cooper left for Calgary the same day.  The civilian clothes of Pte. S. A.  MacDonaid reached Creston on Friday last. Notice to get rid of ordinary  wearables was posted in the Vernon  camp earlier in the week and there is  considerable speculation here' as to  whether this means the 54th Battalion  is being got ready, to go overseas or to  proceed to winter-training quarters at  the coast.  J. H. Schofield, M.P.P. for Ymir  was shaking hands with Creston  friends during the eastbound train  stop on Tuesday, on his way to Kitchener for a few days hunting. He is  not looking for a provincial election  or the vote on prohibition until spring.  Incidentally he remarked that Trail is  having the most prosperous time in  the city's history right now.  The band's thanksgiving dance on  Friday night proved the most successful of the several held to date. The  band had a larger range of selections  in their musical offerings and their  ability to handle them right for dancing was freely commented on by those  present. They were ably assisted by  T. 13. Goodwin on the piano, and T  Butterfield (Duck Creek) on tho  violin.  ��������� When all the returns are in the  Presbyterian ladies . are confident  thoir 1015 thanksgiving dinner will  show a surplus of close to $50, which  equals the Ifili net receipts. This  year's spread was in Speers' Hall  which is admirably adapted in every  way for these affairs. Tliere was an  abundant supply of chicken and all  other seasonable good things and  efficient staff of helpers to see that all  were promptly and amply served.  The Indie-, through Till! Kisvil-W,  wish to express their thanks to all  who helped in any way in making thu  affair lis U-Ual succe***-.  The ]!M.i'-on operating the mino shall   '���������Thorn   was   Home   apples"; some   of  fui-u'i.-ib lhr .*.g'-iiV v;ith wnn. vcuit'-H i','u.,n   t>!...'.*t.   mm   hie*  iih  Tom Cavern's  accounting for the full quantity of  iii.-rehuntahh* coal mined and pay the  i ovalty thereon. If the coal milling  right.* are not being operated, hiicIi  returns should be furnished at least  once a year.  'I'lii* lease will include the coal mining  right* only, but the lessee may be permitted l-������ purchase whatever available  -uifiiee rights miiv be necesHiiry for the  ������...Vi,<k ���������<* '���������<!'��������� :-.��������������������������������������������� '���������' 'h" ���������*"��������������������������������� ������������f *in  ,ni acre.  I"ut fu!! ;.jf'>riiiMl i'Ui application  should In- madr to the Mcrrctury of Ihe  !-rji.'_rtm������,n. ������>. .In* loli'ii-a, Ottawa.  ������ir   to   any   agent    or   Hub-Agent   of  ���������    ���������    At.. ,t.  **<*   ���������*,.'   .���������..������. V   -l.'i.iilv Minlnleror  the I III r������ iok.  N. It.     I'linutbori/.id publicMl ion of Ibis  ���������dv'*rti*'cment will n������������( be paid for.  head immediately after he had made  his first and only speech at Victoria,  last i*e.*!'ilori, and hnd been duly congratulated hy Sir Richard. Tbey were  some of tint mayor's noted 1015 Nonsuch, nnd hut 27 of them were needed  to fill a standard apple box. Home of  (hem weighed over 2 pounds, incasor-  ������i������I 1!) liii-h... i;> ;���������.::���������(".���������.'.rif*.���������!���������"'���������", "Mil ������������������������������������������  of them furnished the makings of rour  ordinary .'runbrook applopic-. Afl.i  looking them over carefully l.illtor  Sullivan of the Herald frankly admit-  i,i'O t.n.u. 11, .-<>i. ... _".....! ���������".-.' ** "J'^'''  i/h.,.., K"i A.I.. :..'. !:**    !������*" ������'"' .!������������������"''  pol In the garden of l.dcn.    1'iovineinl  11 ori irulturist Winslow please note.  Had not Editor Power been pretty  much all in from much mountaineering we fancy he would havo been sorely tempted to put out out a Kooteuian  ������������������Extra" to announce the gathering ol  thirty-nix (SO) eupH of second crop  straw berries on a Kaslo ranch during  September and October. Here in the  fumed Creston Valley where we shipped out almost thai number of crates  last month, to say nothing of the  (piantltles consumed locally, one is  Imiil potto accoiml, for the Xooten-  ainn's horticultural exuberance. The  v. .nt, will be of con_!der,*iblc blvtorlcid  value to future generations of Kan-  I.dies In that they will be able (��������������� if-  i.j.n it.it ivin. Mi...,,,,,,, vm' uh baiMnw  f-il-en ol'iee thevenr Kaslo hnd a 1UI-  eup-erop of m-cuiid growth .tl'HW-  berries.  We have just opened a shipment'of:  - Dr. Jaeger's  Pure A  Goods  ^Vool  The  merits  well known.  of  these   goods  are  The company has always been  British, entirely under British control, and the greater part of the  company's goods are made in the  British Kingdom.  The lines we carry include:  Men's Seeks at 40,50 aud 55c.  Men's Sweaters in different  shades and styles.  Men's Hats at $1.50.  Men's Underwear, in Shirts and  Drawers and Combinations.  In Ladies Goods: Hosiery,  Sweaters and Hats.   ,  Children's Sweaters in plain and  ribbed styles, buttoned fronts, also  to button on the shoulder.  Children's Socks in tan and black  at 15c.  All goods sold at Montreal and  Toronto prices.  Catalogue of  free, at the  styles   and   prices  TM-SstGnMerQantile Go  LIMITED  sortie  Wearables  /I.  H tjHCKSQFI  11  l-V  -1N.KKTON  The distinction of high-class exclusive workmanship���������the assurance of knowing that the style is  correct beyond the question of a  doubt���������the merit of select and durable materials���������tho economy of a  reasonable price. AU them-., features arc included in the new shoes  wo have to offer for fall. Soe them  in the window, or bettor still, como  in and try on some.  Wo have a special lino of English made Boots that wo guarantee will give tho groatcRt satisfaction on a hunting trip or tho  heavy work on the ranch at this  time of year.  Wc havo~ those same hoots in  boys fiis.es���������juftt the thing for evory-  day wear Mi mho ������1i_vn.  Wool Sweaters���������good goods at  rock bottom pricos and a nice assortment of colors to.choose (from.  Hubbors~-Oi_t" fall stock just  oi>eiied up. Not a bit too early to  be buying them. All sizes at close  to cont price-.  ' -i  I?  "'"","���������"' ,���������i,.,.i,..,,,,i.._���������^jMlll^.. II^M  mimtuxmtt*  in* ii'nm.iini immiiiw


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