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The Boundary Creek Times 1898-12-24

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 ���'|iii'miimi|i,ji;iwmmi^.w��wi*me��mmi  ������ wi-wKmrn-mmfmyHi w'wHaraaBwwwi^^  y&$��*&#m^  r  1  . ���   !l  -.   :  ">15  fc-V'  SATURDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1898.  REGULAR   ISSUE.  PS  /'">  ($ T3?ee% 3oUrM^  PUBLISHED AT GREE  �� ^rf����  T  he  _\\\\V_QKk  ENGINEERS   AND  BUILDERS   OF  ���  MfWJMXBM  Contractors for the design and  CMorination,  of complete Stamp Ills, Concentration,  and; Smelter Equipments.-  u  o  (3  &0  a  t-h       ��r^  o  O  o  &0  a  -a  o  O  O  r3  w  u  PQ  O  <-H  ��2  -J->  o;  <  o  GO  6*-.j  >  ���v  o  a  o  GO  c3  ��   $-1  O    W  u S  <3  U  u  PQ  a  o  u  o  u  o  o  o  ter-i  k>::^  '''������'V, '-V '���-���';:''^'-'.\:.  s  -'���   CO     ;     V  -o  , -/-./- ��������� ���  S-V  o  ���  ':   ������   Q   ''  0>    ' ... *, -���-  ��� ,'-. - J.   '  '''���.'.       P��  :CD-  ;,-.���;'/; \y;^-  n  'ti..   ���:  o  r+-  ���_ ,  W  "           - .   ���".������';<���  ���-W. "'  .    Hi   -���..;'.>  . o*'-'.- ���...-���.���������  '';'.";.���  ���- '���'';--'";.  oo O  ��� t-t.,. .-���-  ...          ,  ,..^,_  oo S  W  . '  ". Vii ���'  riti  'PV''���>' 'x-'-l  �����   ,-*-.  03 ".  ��� o  a..  '.-   '.. '-.;.,v";-\;  *���i  o  D  >���*  w  ��  '-���O   -  B-"-  e_  crV  -:  P    ���'���  }__J  r-h  o  O  o  ���"*  ���������'--.  sr  Head Office and Works j  0B��j_q  Branch Offices  MacKinnon Building, Vancouver,  ��� 'T"J8  v,.-3B THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES,  ^iUUiuaiiUiiiiUuiUUUiUauaaiuiiUiiUUiUiaauaaaua.uaaiaaaiaifUUiaanuiuauu^  IS THE BEST HOTEL IN GREENWOOD. A New Building-, well furnished. First-class  Service in all departments. Choice, Wines, Liquors and Cig-ars. Headquarters for Mining-  and Commercial Men.    ���  P  mmmmmmmmmmmmimmmmmmm  BRsanmwanam��m*5TXK*v&*3m&*FX7<zi&aa:t;  Mckenzie, mann & co:  Brooklyn, Stem winder and Other Big Properties  Being Developed by This Weil-Known Film.  This well-known Canadian firm has :  shown its confidence in the mineral re-  resources of the Boundary Creek section by numerous purchases, among  these being the Brooklyn, Stemwinder,  Montezuma, Standard and Rawhide  mines in Greenwood camp.  The Brooklyn is being opened as  rapidly,as money and energy can accomplish it. A large shaft; house, the  best in the district, has been erected.  Two large boilers and a hoisting  engine have been installed and sinking is being-carried on night and day.  The mine is one of the best known and  most promising in the cahip. The  ledge isa well-defined one, outcropping  boldly upon the surface for oyer one  hundred feet in width.  The Rawhide is being developed by  a crosscut tunnel, now in,, nearly 200  feet, with almost an equal distance yet  to run.' "'---'V,  The Stemwinder, Montezuma and  Standard, which may be regarded as  one group of mines, show the; same  enormous outcroppirigs which characterize the district. Considerable prospecting work has been done upon these  with the result that such satisfactory  evidence of value has been disclosed,  that a large double-compartment working shaft is being sunk to. develop  them. A large ��� hoisting works building is now being erected, giving substantial proof of' the value in which  the firm holds these> properties.  We understand that it is contemplated to erect a large air-compressor  plant on the Stemwinder mine to furnish power for drills, pumps and hoisting machinery for both the Stem-  winder and Brooklyn shafts.  Besides these mines in Greenwood  camp, Messrs. Mackenzie & Mann  have large holdings in Central, Sum-'  ���liiit and Copper camps, and we have  reliable authority for stating that  work will be\ vigorously prosecuted  upon these during the coming spring.  MCENTIRE   &   MCDONNELL.  The real estate and mining firm of  McEntire & McDonnell began business in Greenwood and Camp McKinney a few weeks ago. Mr. McEntire,  upon his return from California, will  have charge ��of the Camp McKinney  office, and Mr. Thos. McDonnell, one  of the earliest settlers in the district,  has charge of the office in Greenwood.  ifr<jf 4* 4* 4? 4*4? 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4? 4* 4* 4 4* 4* 4* 4* 4? if  F*OF?   '  ��j&,  Turkeys," Geese, Ducks, Chickens,  Oysters, Fish, and all kinds of  & c��.  4*  4*  Head Office for boundary Creek division at GREENWOOD.  Shops at Cascade, Grand Forks, Niagara, Greenwood and Midway.  ������&����& J&* <Ma ��&�� ��&�� <&> ��M* ��&�� *M*t&* &* *$* JfU ��&�� i&t ��& ��& *&��*&> *f���� ��& *& *&$��  Boilers,  Hoists,  Pumps,  Cars,  Wheels,  Electric  Batteries  and Fuse,  Stamp Mills*  Compressors,  Drills,  Oils & Waste,  Pipe & Fittings  Gongs, &c,  STOCK     QiS?'   -H-AN'_>     AT     ROSSLXlSID.  ��� '        ��� O  ernes Mac time to,::  F.   R.  MEN DEN HALL,   Agent,   Spokane  and  Rossland.  frmifflrtniT i*"""���"������y��"~*��' ���������'      ��� t ���"���"    " ' ' '*���'"������ *^IIM'"',"jf?,T*,*!'rTJ"l,L'''l/iT'li'iiiTi[riiilinTiin'iw,'l*'irrf'flii  *y, Kettle R  First-class Accommodation.    Good Stabling.    Stopping Place for Stages.  McAULEY L KEIGHTLEY, Proprietors, f ��� V ���..  f  \l- ���������'  O  A WeeMy Paper published in tlie interests of the Boundary Creek Mining District.  Vol. V.  GREENWOOD, B,G, SATURDAY,   DECEMBER  24, 1898,  120  No, 16  o  J, P, Graves Has Organized a Strong Company  In Montreal to Build a Smelter,  To Treat the Ores of the Knob Hill and Old  Ironsides���-A C, P, R, Sinelter,  [The following-article appeared in the regular issue of The Times,  December 17th. The great interest taken in the smelting" question  we consider a sufficient excuse for its re-appearance in the Holiday  Number.���En.]  JAY P. GRAVES will make a big- fortune' in Boundary  Qj    Creek and he deserves it.    Not satisfied with floating-  two big- companies to develop and operate two of the largest  mines in  the  world, he  recently  organized  a  company to  build  a  400-ton  smelter.     The/company   was   floated   in  Montreal and the principal shareholders are S. H.C. Miner  of  the Granby Rubber  company,   W. H. Robinson  of the  Eastern  Townships  bank, A  C. Gault, one  of  Montreal's  merchant princes, J. P. Whitney, of  Philadelphia, a son of  the ex-secretary of  the  navy, and  other  capitalists  of the  east.    All those  mentioned are heav3r stockholders in both  the Old Ironsides and Knob  Hill  companies.    Mr.   Graves  has, in connection   with  the  flotation  of  the  two  mining-  companies, and  the new  smelting company, demonstrated  that he is one of the cleverest mining: operators in the West.  Quiet and unassuming, one would hardly suppose  that  he  was the financier for two or  three  companies that are sure .  at no distant date to attract   the   attention   of   the   mining  world.    The   secret  of  Mr.   Graves'   strength   lies   in   his  thorough grasp of the. details in  connection with his uiider-  1 takings.    In conversation with Mr. Graves last summer, the  writer was amazed at his  accurate  knowledge  concerning  every practicable and impracticable undertaking connected  with the development of the mineral resources of Boundary  Creek.    He  at  once  pointed  out  the  weak  spots in one's  arguments, the disadvantages  of  certain positions, the obstacles to.be met with in one quarter and the advantages of  another.    One could not converse with him for half an hour  without becoming (-convinced  that  he was  right, and that  any plan that he might suggest; or  adopt would be the best  and the most profitable.    The eastern capitalist desiring to  invest his money has to be  convinced  that any proposition  submitted to him is a  business  proposition -and  then he is  willing to take chances.    It is  more than probable that Mr.  Graves could convince the  eastern   capitalist   that  he was  right even if he were wrong, b.ut the  proposition   to build a  j  smelter to treat the ores of the Knob Hill and Old Ironsides  mines offers so many flattering  inducements, that it is not  surprising to learn   that  intending  shareholders oversubscribed for the stock by more than   a  million   shares.    The  flotation is one of the most successful ever made in Canada.  The two properties whose  ores   are   to be treated at the  new smelter, have been  described   more  than   once   in the  columns of The Times.    The  Old  Ironsides is a big mine^  but the,Knob Hill is g-oing  to   be  the  largest   mine  of the  kind in the world.    The crosscut tunnel   in   the  Knob   Hill  ledge is now in 417 feet.    It was thought last week that the  "streak" of pay ore had been passed, for values were beginning to decrease.    The alarm was a false one and the drills  are still pounding-  through   pay  ore.    The "streak" of pay  ore referred extends from the  mouth  of  the  tunnel   to the  face���now 417 feet.    From this   crosscut  over  7,000 tons of  ore have been taken and there is not  a  pound  of waste on  the dump.    It is not all of high value, but  the company, by  treating its own, ore, will make a handsome profit from any  portion of the dump.    Some ��� people  refuse  to  believe in or  cannot appreciate  this enormous   Knob   Hill   ledge.    The  mining history of,the world does  not reveal  anything  like  it.    In this connection it might be stated   that  the  Spokesman-Review   was   informed   some   three  weeks  ago  that  the  tunnel  on  the  Knob  Hill���137    feet    in' length���had  crosscut the  ledge.    A priyate  letter  was  written  to  the  mining editor, than  whom  there  is  no  brighter or  more  reliable newspaper man   in  the  West.    The letter  briefly  mentioned the length of the tunnel and  size  of  ledge.    He  evidently   thought   that   an   attempt   was   being  made to  "jolly" him and refrained from making the correction until  the   information :  was    corroborated   by   several   reliable  authorities.    The Knob Kill is  simply  a mountain of  self-  fluxing ore.    The Old Ironsides is   a close second.    Our authority for the statement that the ores   are practically self-  fluxing is Mr. Frederic Keffer, M'. E}., the  manager of  the  Mother '.Lode mine.    Mr. Keffer enlarges upon this point in  an'interesting article  on  Boundary Creek  ores, which will  appear in the Christmas issue  of  The Times.    Mr. Keffer *  bases  his  statement  on the result of a number of analyses  of Old Ironsides ore.    Analyses made by  other  mining experts substantiate Mr. Keffer's statements.  Ivast year, when the application for the Corbin charter  was being considered by parliament, the cry was raised that  the construction of "the Corbin roak would mean the expor-  tion of Boundary Creek ores to American smelters. Those  acquainted with the mineral resources of the district, knew  that Boundary Creek ores had to be smelted at home. It is  also safe to state that the ore from the enormous ledges will  be smelted by the owners of the properties. With the'  present prices paid by customs smelters, there is more  money to be made in treating ore than there is in mining it.  A customs smelter not only charges for the treatment of  ore but also discounts the market values of the copper, gold  and silver in the ores. These discounts on Old Ironsides or  Knob Hill ore, will amount to almost $5 a ton, in itself a  handsome profit. What is true of the Knob Hill and Old  Ironsides is also true regarding the Mother L/ode, B. C. and  other big properties in the district. The extent of the ore  bodies justifies each big company in erecting its own reduction works.  After these are established, there is plenty of ore left  for customs smelting. The Canadian Pacific Railway company realizes this fact, and Mr. Whyte has announced that  the company intends erecting a i,000-ton smelter in the  Boundary Creek district. The site has not yet been selected, but negotiations are in progress for a suitable site  near Boundary Falls, about four miles below Greenwood. It  is reported that work on this smelter will be commenced in  a very short time.  Mr. Graves has not yet selected  his  site,   but unless he  changed his mind since last fall, when he visited the district, he is still in favor of some point below Greenwood.  His views in this respect are endorsed by Mr. S. H. G.  Miner, who also visited the district in company with Mr.  Graves.  In view of the fact that there is now some assurance that  smelters are to be erected and that those having an intimate  knowledge of the district maintain that Boundary Creek  ores, to be profitably treated, must be treated at home, will  not those who honestly or designedly objected to the Corbin  charter, on the grounds that Boundary Creek ores would be  hauled out of the country, withdraw their opposition and  assist in securing a charter for the road. A competitive  railroad means cheaper supplies, cheaper fuel, and insures  the development of what is sure to become under favorable conditions the largest mining district in the world. gpw  THE   BO UN DAFY   C REEK    TI1VTE S,  E WHITE'S CAMP  Active Development Being Carried Out  on   the Lincoln and  Gity of Paris Claims,  The Ore Bodies in These Mines-A Large Mining Plant-Other  Propertiesin the Camp,  AMONG the principal properties in  White's or Central camp are the  City of Paris, Lincoln' and the No 4,  owned and operated by the City of  Paris Gold Mining- company, limited.  This company, organized in May, 1897,  is one of the many promoted and  organized to operate mines in British  Columbia by Jay P. Graves, whose untiring-faith in the mineral wealth of  British Columbia, particularly the  Boundary Creek district, indomitable  will and perseverance has made him  so successful as a mining operator.  The. officers of the company are : J.  P. Whitney, of the Whitney Glass Co.  of Philadelphia, president; Jay P.  Graves, of Spokane, vice-president and  manager; Geo. W.Wooster, teller of  the Exchange National bank of Spokane, secretary-treasurer, and Henry  White, of White's camp, superintendent. ���'���' '���;';;/  The properties held by the  company  were located in 1891 by Henry ^White,  the present superintendent, and Matt  Hotter, his partner, and were bonded  to Mr. Graves by Mr. White in 1896.  The City of Paris being an old location, is 600 feet wide by 1500 feet in  length. The ore is a hematite, carrying high percentages in copper and  good gold values.  The development - work , includes  shaft No. 1, which is 25 feet deep,:all .  in ore. The crosscut at the bottom of  the shaft shows a 12-foot body of clean  ore, averaging 8 per cent, copper, $16  in gold and 5 ounces silver per ton.  Shaft No. 2, sunk oh same ledge,  76 feet deep, shows in the crosscut at  that depth a solid body of ore 16 feet  in width, carrying average values of  9 per cent, copper, $22 in gold, and 6  ounces silver.  The ore on the Lincoln is gray copper. A tunnel has been run on the  ledge 130 feet. A shaft sunk from this  tunnel, at a depth of 12 feet from the  surface, 60 feet deep, or a total depth  of 72 feet, all in ore, shows up in a  crosscut from the, bottom two more  ledges :.....  Ledge No. 1, on which the shaft is  sunk, is 8 feet wide, averaging- 40  ounces silver and $22 gold. Three tons  of this ore, treated at the Grant smelter  in Omaha, 3rielded 212 ounces silver,  $26 gold and 15 per cent; copper per ton.  Ledge No. 2 is only 12 inches wide,  but is of high grade, the ore averaging  $60 per ton in gold and silver.  Ledge No. 3 is 30 inches in width,  and carries 40 ounces silver and $20 in  gold per ton.  On the City of Paris and Lincoln  Superintendent White is now working  a force of twenty men and will increase the number the  coming season.  ��� ....        . . . *  f Ore on the No. 4 ���������"is" similar to that  on the Lincoln. A 30-foot shaft on  the south end of the claim shows  values of: 12 per  cent.   copper and $14  gold. .      ;   ���������.-..' ;'������'���. '������������':��� ���������':^./-  The tunnel now being driven through  the No. 4 to tap the ledges on the Lincoln and City of Paris at a depth of 300  feet, is, in 530 feet, and Superintendent White expects to strike the Lincoln  ledge in another hundred feet and the  City of Paris ledge possibly in another  hundred feet.  Another tunnel j starting at the compressor building, will be driven 1,600  feet, and will tap the ledges at a depth  of 700 feet. '       : ; ���  This fall a ten-drill air-compressor  plant, a duplicate of the Old Ironsides-  Knob Hill plant, wras installed under  the personal supervision of Mr. Ej. M.  Aldrich of Rbsslahd, B. C. The plant  is the product of' the Canadian Rand  Drill company of Sherbrooke.; Quebec.  Superintendent White has the neatest and most compact' camp in the district. The buildings are all of logs.  Office building, mess house, foreman's  quarters, bunk houses, and stable are  arranged in an open end rectangle.  The blacksmith shop is at the mouth  of tunnel No. I, and the compressor  plant is in a well-constructed lumber  building in the canyon, 700 feet below  the quarters. Air is transmitted this  distance up the hill to tunnel. No. 1  through 3-inch pipe.  o In the limited time your correspondent had in White's camp he was unable  to gain much accurate information regarding other properties, but enough  was learned to convince him that  White's camp will equal in values, if  not in the size of the ledges, any other  camps in the district.  The Lone Star, Washington, La  Fleur and No. 7 are among the properties of great promise.   ���  The Lexington, City of Denver,  Oregon Fraction and the National  -form a group adjoining the City of  Paris and Lincoln, and are owned by  people interested in the City of Paris  Gold Mining company. They are now  organizing a company to operate these  properties, and will develop with  power from the City of Paris plant.  The Lexington is the best known  property of the group, having practically the same showing as the City of  Paris, with possibly more magnetic  iron. There is a 70-foot tunnel on this  property running on the ledge and a  crosscut from the tunnel shows up an  ore body 16 feet in width of magnetic  iron, carrying 8 per cent, copper and  $12 gold per ton. This claim has just  been purchased by Mr. Graves from  George  W. Rumberger  of  Greenwood  camp and J. M. Taylor of Wellington  camp, and.it is understood that, inasmuch as they did not want to sell and  did not have to sell, they got. a good  round price for,the property.  The other claims of this group are  undeveloped, except by the necessary  assessment^ but they have the advantage of being in good company, and  will ho doubt bring moire fortune to  their promoter���Lucky Jay Graves.  Mr. Henry White, the locator of the  City OoHParis, is one;'; of., .the piptteer  prospectors of this district. In fact he  was one of the trail-makers, along with  George Rumberger, Matt Hotter, Bob  Denzler, Joe Taylor and others. He  located the now famous Knob Hill in  Greenwood camp, and his partner,  Matt Hotter, located the Old. Ironsides  the same year-���1891. Mr. White has  always favored his White's camp  properties; with their small ledges of  high grade ore, proving his faith by  selling the Greenwood, camp properties first, thereby enabling him to hold  the City of Paris and Lincoln.  To such men as Henry White, prospector, and Jay P. Graves, mining  operator, the Boundary Creek mining  section owes much indeed.  D.   R.   McELMON.  D. R. Mc_}lmon, the jeweler, has his  store on Copper street. He has had  thirty years' experience in the business and is an adept in all lines of the  jeweler's work. Mr. McIDlmon is also  agent for the Canadian Pacific railway  company and agent for the Snodgrass  stage lines.,.;  Established in 1836.  Incorporated by Royal Charter.  Paid-up .Capital...- ..:.... $4,866,666.  Reserve Fund          $1,387,000.  London Office :  3   Clement's  Lane,   Lombard   Street, E.C.  Court of Directors :  J. H. Brodie, John James Cater,.Gaspard Farrer, Richard H. Gl3rn, Henry I. R. Farrer, Ed.  Arthur. Hoare, H. J. B. Kendall, J. J. Kings-  ford, Fred. Lubbock, Georg-e D. Whatman.  Secretarjr���A. G. Wallis. ; ".  Head office in Canade :  St James-st.,  Montreal"  H. Stikeniaii, general manag-er.  "J. Elmsle3r, inspector.  'i"te-  Branches in Canada:  London, Brautford, Hamilton, Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, Kingston, Quebec,'St. John N.B.,  Brandon, Winnipeg-, Fredericton N.B., Halifax  Victoria, Vancouver, Rossland, Kaslo, Trail,  Slocan Cit3r; Dawson City, Klondike, N.W.T.,  and Greenwood, B.C. '  Agents in the United States :  Spokane���Traders' National Bank, and Old  National Bank. New York��� (53 Wall-street)  W. Lawson and J. C. Welsh, ag-ents. San  Francisco���(124 wSansome-street) H. J. McMich-  ael and J. R. Ambrose, ag-ents. '  London Bankers :  The Bank of Eng-land and  Messrs. Glyn & Co.  Foreign Agents :  Liverpool���Bank of Liverpool. Australia���  Unipr. Bank of Anstralia. New Zealand���Union Bank of Australia, Bank of New Zealand.  India, China and Japan���Chartered Mercantile  Bauk of India, London aud China, Ag"i'a Bank.  West Indies���Colonial Bank. Paris���Marcuard  Krauss & Co.   L3rons���Credit L3rotinais.  J. ANDERSON, Manager, Greenwood, B.C.  /'���__ 7  w  Q  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES.  jf  the Best Flour on the market.  Our Flour swept everything at the  New Westminster Exhibition and we  took the " blue ribbon." The wheat  -from which our flour is manufactured  .carried off first honors .as well.  ��� "��� it?    vfc : iW'   -     ..-���..���..���  Okanagan Flour Mills Go. Ltd.'  ARMS^RdN^,    B. C.  Our Brands are  Hungarian,    Best Pastry,  XXXX       Strong Bakers'  Economy,  Ask for the " O.K." brands of Flour  and you won't be disappointed.  Sle.'   Sit-     *���  ->?F      ->'&      *��'$    .  r Greenwood City Mercantile Co  Agents, GREENWOOD.  !  THE   SUNSET   MINE.  The Sunset mine is located in Dead-  -wood camp, about two and a half miles  ���from "Greenwood; It was located in  1892 by John East, and purchased in  1896 by Messrs W. E; Hogg and Bark-  ley stevens of Montreal. In May, 1897  ^development work was begun on the  ^property, under the superintendence  -of Mr. J. H. Macf arlane, who has since  been in charg-e of the property. East  .spring- buildings were erected at the  mine and a large amount of development work was done during the summer. About.two months ago the mine  was closed down and Mr. Macf arlane  went east, to consult with the  owners regarding- the purchase of a  big-plant for the property.  The work so far consists of a main  -tunnel 470 feet in length, a crosscut  136 feet and shaft 182J^ feet deep. At  300 feet the main tunnel was curved  44 degrees north-west, with the object  ���<of crosscutting the ledg-e at right  angles and connecting with the shaft.  The ledge was encountered 45 feet  east of the shaft, and continued 25 feet  east. The entire 70 feet is in concentrating ore, and no wall at the level of  tunnel has been found.  The shaft, which has been sunk  182^ feet, is 4% by seven feet. When  the plant is installed, it is the intention to sink this shaft  to  the  400-foot  level.  Manager Macf arlane expects tore-  turn shortly after the New Year, when  -work on the property will  be resumed.  THE  GEM  RESTAURANT.  The Gem is the only restaurant in  the city. It is situated on Copper  street, and Pittock & Werner are the  proprietors. Both are experienced restaurant men. The Gem does a large  business.   PLASTERERS.  There are two firms of  plasterers  in  the city, W. E. Medill '&��� Co. and W. J.  Wartman.    Owing- to the large amount  of  building-  this  summer  both   firms  were kept busy.  SNODGRASS   STAGE   LINE.  THE Snodgrass stag-e lines carry  passeng-ers, mail and express between  Penticton and Grand Forks, their  Boundary Creek headquarters being- at  Greenwood. The proprietors of the  lines are Messrs. W. J. Snodgrass &  Sons. They keep good horses, and  notwithstanding rough roads have always g-iven a prompt and reg-ular service. The stages ready for leaving  may be seen at the Windsor hotel in  the illustration on another page.  Louis Blue.  A. Fisher.  I  MILLS     /_MD     YARDS     fKT  City    %    Eholt Creek, B, G  Manufacturers of Roug-h and Dressed  U.M  Shingles? Lath, Mouldings/ Sash and Doors.  .-���)'   ��� *V*    aY*    *Y4  V ALL KINDS OF FACTORY WORK MADE TO ORDER  Lumber delivered to any place in the City or to  Mining Camps  Merry Xmas and Happy New Year.  IN wishing- my customers and friends the Compliments of the Season, I also tender to them  thanks for the generous support accorded to me  during- the year-just closing-, which has been the most  successful from a business standpoint since I located  in Boundary Creek in 1894. My present large business  has been built up principally because of the highest  quality of g-oods rather than price, believing that the  majority of people make Quality their first consideration in buying-. While I do not claim to sell goods  cheapo���not handling- " Cheap Goods "���I do claim to  sell at the lowest price consistent with Good Quality.  If you are dissatisfied with your present trading- place  "turn over a new leaf "and begin the year rig-ht by  buying- where you take no chances, as I cheerfully  refund your money if g-oods are not satisfactory.  9  way,  >i  OF   EVERY   DESCRIPTION. UPHOLSTERING,   ETC.  The Largest Stock in the District.  1 UNDERTAKING     A N D     EMB A LM I N G . I  COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD CITY, B.C. THE   BOUNDARY   GREEK   TIMES  FOR TUNNELS,  Straight  . comply  JAMES   COOPER   I^Nl^  Branch Office, ROSSLAND, B, G JAMES  D, SWORD, Manager/  THE   GOLDEN   OROWN.  One of the Big Properties of Wellington Camp  Being Vigorously Developed.  The Golden Crown mine, the property of the Brandon and Golden Crown  Mining* company, is now being- vigorously developed under the direction of  Mr. G. H. Collins, the manag-ing- di-  rectdr. The .Golden Crown adjoins  the Winnipeg-, and has similar showing's to that famous property. The  claim is"full size, 1500 by 1.500 feet, and'  is crown-granted. The former owner  of the property, and yet a large shareholder, Mr. J. W. Porter, did a good  deal of work on the claim, including-  several open cuts and prospect holes,  and two shafts, 53 feet and 31 feet respectively. In all, four ore veins were  exposed by Mr. Porter.  In May, 1897, the company began  prospecting for the Winnipeg lead by  open cuts. In all six crosscuts were  run at intervals of 100 feet, arid in  each of these the lead was met with.  Latterly a 322-foot crosscut tunnel was  run. The tunnel crosscuts seven ore  bodies, varying in width from 16  inches to 7 feet. In running this tunnel three blind leads were encountered,  which leads one to the conclusion that  the Golden Crown is a veritable network of leads of pay ore.  Early last spring a  big  steam plant  was   purchased  and   installed  on  the  property.    The  plant consists of a 60-  horsepower    boiler,    a    30-horsepower  hoist   and   a   No.   7  Knowles  sinking  pump.    Last summer the company decided     to     temporarily      discontinue  development    work,    simply    because  the uncertain ty   of early  railway construction discouraged work  on a large  scale.    When   the   C.   P.   R.   company  began   to   vigorously   push   their   line  from Robson, the Brandon and Golden  Crown   company   renewed   operations  and for about three   months have been  doing" erood work.    A vertical shaft has  been sunk to the 150-foot level and the  company  are   now  crosscutting at the  100   arid   150-foot   levels   for   the   ore  bodies.    The  general  character of the  ore is copper pyrites and   pyrrhotite in  a   silicious   gangue.      Like   Winnipeg  ores it carries high values, $100 in. gold  and copper being" a common assay.  The  buildings   are  ample  and comfortable, and the  property  is well tim  bered. The rnine is; near the summit  of the divide, affording a down-hill  haul for ores. The main wagon road  passes through the property. It is also  ,on the line of a branch railway from  Wellington to Summit' camp.  The officers of the company are  Hon. T. Mayne Daly, ex-minister of  the interior, president; Andrew Kelly,  a prominent merchant of Brandon,  Man., vice-president; and W.I/. Orde,  of Rossland, secretary-treasurer. The  board of directors follows : Hon.  Senator Kirchoffer, W. A. Macdonald,  Q.C, J. Jermyri, Wm. Johnson, W. A.  Fuller, W. J. Porter and G. H. Collins.  The Golden Crown is a good property. It has.ore bodies of high values,  a careful management, and with approaching transportation facilities, it  ought to0 become a heavy producer and  big dividend payer in a remarkably  short time. <  ~~**Sf  ~~**&  ~�����  <&**���  Greenwood,   B.C.  &V&'    *>/�����    iV-s-  *i$      *&      *&.  Store Fronts & Fixtures a Specialty  <���>   S   *  GREENWOOD  (*   *   tf  Workshop one door north  of Furniture Store,  Copper Street. .  *  Estimates given ou  Tin and Iron Roofing,  Hot Air Furnaces,  Plumbing,  And all kinds of Job Work  free of charge. :    :    :    :    :  Special Attention given to the  new  Acetylene  Gas Light.  Call aud see us before placing vour Orders.  MINERS and : :  PROSPECTORS  should Wear   : :  Ames Holden Co.'s  " Columbia ��  " Kootenay "  *' Vancouver "  All of which are First.class Foot Wear.  Miller,  merchant tailor  GREENWOOD CITY, B.C.  ���tf��"   Perfect pit guaranteed.  MINERAL,    ACT,    1896.     ���  Certificate   of   Improvements.  NOTICE.  STANDARD   mineral   claini,   situate   in   the  Kettle River mining- division of Yale district.  Where located: In Greenwood camp.  TAKE Notice that I, Isaac H. Hallett, ag-ent  for William T. Smith, free miner's certificate No. 14046a ; Edwin H. Tomlihson, free  miner's certificate No. 33331a ; and Donald D.  Mann, free miner's certificate No. 8654a, intend, sixt3r days from the date hereof, to apply  to the Mining- Recorder for a certificate' of improvements, : for the purpose of obtaining- a  crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18th 6.a.y of November, 1898. 117  MINERAL,   ACT,   1896.  Certificate of Improvements.  NOTICE.  BEE mineral claim, situate in the Kettle River  ���  mining-   division  of   Yale   district.     Where  located: In Deadwood camp.  TAKE notice that we, D. A. Holbrook, free  miner's certificate No. 18398a, and H. S.  Ca3'ley, free miner's certificate No. 80S8aT  intend, sixty daj's from the date hereof, to apply  to the Mining- Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining- a,  crown grant of the above claim.  And "further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 19th dav of November, 1898. ll(y  m  nn  W. J. Snodgrass & Sons, Prop's.  ..Leaves' Penticton at 7 a.m. on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays for Camp McKinney,  Rock Creek, Midwa3'v Anaconda, Greenwood,  Carson and Grand Forics.  Returning- leaves Grand Forks at 7 a.m. each  and every day except Sunda}r for Greenwood!  and leaves Greenwood for Penticton on Tuesdays, Thursda3-s and Saturdavs at 1 p.m.  Carries the Mails, Passeng-ers and Express.  4��" Will sell  throug-h Tickets to  Vancouver,  Victoria, Seattle or Portland.  \..  ') M  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES,  i^r  i^Ww^O^ftpMwW^fl  3-  r  o.  BOOKS.���Qur line of BLANK BOOKS is complete in Ledgers, Journals, Cash Books, Minute Books, Indexes, Memos, etc.  OFFICE   SLJPF>_IES.-~In this line we carry everything.  ���    ' ��� ' ���' ��� ", ; f  NOVELS,--We are constantly adding to our Circulating  Ivibrary. The next consignment will consist of the latest  Canadian copyright editions,  IDIA^ and  pocket   use.  ;MAPS.-^��e   are   headquarters  for  -"'Coryell's  Map "   of    the  :   Boundary country   price   $1.25,   mounted  $1.75 ;    " Johnson's  ^        M $2.00 ;   " Plan  of  Greenwood Townsite,''$1.50 ;" Plan of McKinney Townsite, "   $1.25.     Sent.to any address on receipt:of price.     Special  price  to the trade.  LEGAL FORMS, ���Including Special Deed Form, made  expressly   for   ourselves,   strictly   up   to   date.  WALL    PAPER,���A full line, in price ranging from 20 cents  up to���"$1.5.0 per roll. : . :'���'--'  !. ��� We".' are selling " The Blickensderfer,' ���  which equals any of the high-priced machines, and excels them  all in convenience.    Typewriter Supplies.  '*���     ���W_Wiw^*�����"ii  Always on hand,  a  full  line  of Draughtsmen s  Supplies,  Fancy  Goods,  Notions,  Snowshoes,  etc,  eta  (iff  & THE   BOUNDARY   GREEK   TIMES.  \i/  1 |  The   most   promisiog   town   in   Southern   l^le^  The  centre  of  the  famous   Gamp  McKm  which is located the Big Cariboo mine* the second  largest dividend payer in the Province;  Lots are Selling Rapidly.     PRICES WILL BE ADVANCED after the New Year.  For prices and full particulars apply to  The Bealey  McDonnell &  & Trust Company,  ire, Green^ood^ B,���;  OR   ANY   REAL   ESTATE   BROKER.  ,<:.  Gteetvvf0��d Assay 0f  JOE C. LUCKENBEL, Prop.  GREENWOOD    :    :    :    B. C.  n. E. FRAZEE,  Hamill Block Copper Street.  4* Grocery and Bakery. ��f��  '     SWEET   POTATOES.  ORANGES  AND  L-EMONS.  *    FRESH EGGS.  COURT OF REVISION  Rock Creek Division of Yale District.  A COURT of Revision and   Appeal,   under  the "Assessment Act, 18S8," and Amendments, will be held :   .  At OSOYOOS, in the Government Office, on  Thursday, the 5th of Januar\-, 1890, at the hour  of 10 o'clock in the forenoon ;  At MIDWAY, in the Government Office, ou  Saturday, the 7th day of January, 1809, at the  hour of 3 o'clock in the afternoon ;  At GRAND FORKS, in the Government  'Office, .on Monday, the. 9th day of January, 1809,  at the hour of 10o'clock in the forenoon.  Dated 6th December, 1S98.  FRANK McGOWEN,  ( Judye of the Court of Revision  119-4...:,.. ~i aud Appeal.  Trade Mark  Red Star.  M Co.  VERNON,   B. C.  Brands)  HUNGARIAN  THREE   STAR  STRONG BAKERS'  SUPERFINE--  All made by the celebrated Hung-ar-  ian Plansifter system. Try some,  made by the only Plansifter Mill in  the Province.  Whole Wheat flour a specialty  Br an, Shorts, Chop;'etc.  .... ...... ��� ���im..��iinjnm.iujni�����*.��J��>rT..i-ii|HJ,^iii.��.iii..vyi    m  WOOD FOR SALE  All Leug-ths, from 16 to 43 inches.  , Orders promptly attended to.  '���nr       'Ai-       fir  Office at the Greenwood   Flour and Feed  Stoke, Silver  Street.  JOHN   M.   CROPIJ3Y.  FOR   SALE,  ONE   Reynolds   Horse  Whim,   with 200 feet  Wire Rope : a Water and an Ore Bucket,  in,1 g-ood order.  Write or call ou GUESS   BROS,  102 Ag-ents. Greenwood.  ^Established 1862.  ^lK^\\\\\wa��  Manufacturers of Fumis  ture, Upholstery, eta X>  Importers of Crockery, Glassware, Carpets,  Wall Paper, Linoleums, etc. Residences and.  Hotels furnished throughout. All orders, no  matter how larg-e, promptly filled, as we have  the    ' -.      '     " :.    %  MSlMKIIlPil  ijfe     4fe     iV4  Write us for Catalog-ue and Price List.  jJ'i     ��!*���     ifis.  ���"'���VICTORIA..' B.C.  Financial and Insurance Agent  .   t (notary (pufiftc *  VERNON,    B.C.  AGENT  FOR  The Sun Life Assurance Co., of Canada.  The Ro3'al Insurance Co.  The Scottish Union & National Ins. Co.  The London & Lancashire .Fire Ins. Co.  The Insurance Company of .North America,  The London & Canadian Fire Ins. Co.  Dominion Building1 & Loan Association.  APPRAISER  FOR  The Canada Permanent Loan & Saving's Co.  C7 t��    *  i  CHRISTMAS,    189 8.  k   a   #*'  1-2  /  /  i  ountof  Bp  ,\*i.  ^V*    *"���".  S"fl?"^k     ��"<!  ��  View of Greenwood, rooking North-west.  I :_Si__aWUU5  / -  M  Is handsome  m appearance* easy pf opesv  ation(  has  splendid   ba" ing   qualities,   and  economizes fuel,    We carry them all sizes,  Also McClary Air-tight Heaters,  _5      ' _5        _��        4t        7^5        "&        _!?  ��^im&*M�� dfr* (Ma t&h *%&  GREENWOOD,     B.C.  Dealers in Shelf and Heavy Hardware j Stoves, cooking and heating j Graniteware and  Tinware j Crockery and Glassware j Iron, Steel and Piping j Ore Cars and  Wheels j Powder, Fuse and Caps 7 Victor Exploders ? Leading and Connecting  Wire j   Windows and Doors ;   Paints, Oils, etc,  ie��p The best shop in the district for Tinning, Plumbing and Jobbing Work.  1  - i  1    !  1  Before  ordering  your  Christmas  Groceries*  it  would   be   well   to  call  on A,  R  SPERRY  & CO,,  who   have   the   most   complete  stoc    of  Staple  and Fancy Gro/  ceries to be found in the city,  Opposite International Hotel, ���^_.,-.-,__  G ��� _  0      >i.  A Weekly Paper published in the interests of the Boundary ��aet> Mining District.  CHRISTMAS,   1898,  THE   SPEOIAL   NUMBER.  o '"JP'HE home production of a special holiday number  58 is <no easy task. Often newspaper proprietors  publish handsomely illustrated - special numbers  which do not interfere with the regular' work,  simply because the entire issue is the product of  some big- eastern firm. The whole of this number of The Boundary Creek Times, with the  exception of the photo-engravings, is the work of The  Times office. Those acquainted with the lack of transportation facilities in the district and the slow express service,  the consequent delay in securing paper and cuts, will appreciate some of the disadvantages under which the holiday  number has been issued.  . The publication of a special number dealing with  Boundary Creek and its wonderful resources ought to prove  advantageous to the district at this juncture. Until, a  short time ago the newspapers that take an interest in  mining matters did not give the Boundary Creek district  that consideration its importance deserved. Exception  must be made of the News-Advertiser, whose management  was fortunate in securing a local correspondent, who furnished the paper with interesting weekly letters. Eately  the enormous bodies of ore uncovered by development.work  have forced the attention of the mining world, and newspapers and others are eagerly seeking for information concerning the district. '  Mr. Haas' report gives an accurate general outline of  the mineral resources of the district, and an effort has been  made to give more detailed information regarding a few of  the largest and best developed properties'.' Mr. Haas'  report is if anything too conservative, at least no one  can charge him with having exaggerated the possibilities:  of the district. Mr. Keffer, too, has remained on the safe  side and his article on the "Boundary Creek Ores " does  not do the district more than justice. To Mr. Haas and  Mr. Keffer we beg to express our appreciation of the very  valuable assistance rendered, by them in contributing the  very interesting articles referred to.  Publishing a special issue is by no means a profitable  venture. The Christmas number required 22 reams of  paper, which cost us landed in Greenwood, $138.60, The  photo-engravings represent an outlay of $66. The composition .and.press work cost in wages $205, and ink, fire and  small items, make up $12.40 additional, making a total of  $421. Our advertisers were charged only a small additional  sum for advertising in the Christmas number, so that after  regular subscribers secure free copies of the holiday number  the loss, after the entire issue is sold, is upwards of $100.  It'might be added that every write-up has been published  free of charge, so that there were no inducements to boom  any mine or industry. If the issue helps to advertise the  district, we consider the money well spent, but trust that  this statement will induce some subscribers to show their  appreciation by -paying last year's subscription and also in  advance.  Early in the new year The Boundary Creek Times  discards its old dress and will don the fashionable if not  neat garments of a regular newspaper. We are forced to  confess that we like the old clothes better than what is  commonly known as a " blanket," and probably most of  bur subscribers hold similar views, but increased circulation and rapidly increasing advertising patronage, makes  it imperative to increase the size of the paper and also to  reduce   the   amount   of   press  work and folding.  We are  sorry to part with .the "good  old" Times, which  appeared  regularly since it was first published in 1896, and which.,  thanks to the typographical skill of Mr. Harber, the  manager, has been generally credited with being the neatest  and best-printed paper in the province. The Times has  grown too big for its clothes, however, and the change  must be made regardless of sentiment or old associations.  We desire to express our gratitude for the( very largely  increased business during the year just closing. For our  patrons and the readers of this special holiday number we  wish A Merry Christmas and A Happy New Year.  The Boundary Creek Printing & Publishing Co.  ���s��t��  ���sfir  THE   COMING   YEAR.  The year 1899 promises much for the Boundary Creek  district. In the coming year the Robson-Boundary Creek  railway will be completed ; a number of the larger and  more'fully developed mining properties will begin shipping,  ore ; smelters will be erected ; the population will materially'  increase, and what is still more important they will purchase the necessaries of life with money secured by producing wealth in the district, and not by means of money  brought into the district to develop properties. It is a very  important era in the progress of a mining district when it  reaches a producing stage.  Greenwood is so intimately associated with the mines  that its progress depends largely upon their development.  Rossland is a city of 8,000 people to-day because tributary  thereto are two or three producing mines. Tributary to  Greenwood are a .dozen he Rois or War Eagles and it is  natural to assume that with proper facilities for conveyance  and treatment of ores, the growth of Greenwood will be  even more rapid than that of Rossland.      .        .^ ^  The citizens of Greenwood should begin the New Year  with a determination to lose no opportunity to promote its  interests. The progress of the city in the past largely depended upon the fact that her people were always found  fighting together when her interests were threatened.  There may be differences-of opinion, indeed there ought to  be in matters of public policy. The residents of Greenwood have but one opinion concerning their city. They  believe that it is the metropolis of Boundary Creek district,  and that if it depends upon the push and enterprise of its  citizens, Greenwood will always maintain this position.  ��� I' ;���������������       4f*- .'��� jSto-     *�������'  THE   CITY   COUNCIL.  ���: - The regular meeting of the municipal council was held  in the court house on Monday evening with Mayor Wood  in the chair, and Aldermen Galloway, Barrett and Phelan  present. A communication was read from J. Edward  Schon, M. O. H., Mem. Royal Coll. Surg, of England, etc.,  etc. It dwelt with the necessity for securing a suitable  cemetery site, and possessing the following qualifications:  (1) " Reasonable propinquity to the town," (2) " Proper  facilities for drainage without danger of contaminating the  water supply." Dr. Schon also offered suggestions re the  care of the cemetery. The council appointed the mayor and  Aldermen Barrett, Galloway, Phelan and Dr. Schon to  select a suitable piece of ground for a cemetery site.  T. M. Gulley & Co. were granted permission to disinter  the body of Hugh O. Thomas, who was accidentally killed  at the Snowshoe mine. The body was removed and sent  east for interment.  The city engineer was asked to start the work of laying  water pipe at once, the engineer to have sole control of the  work.  Aid. Galloway gave notice to introduce a by-law giving  permission to erect poles for telephone line. Alderman  Barrett gave notice to introduce a by-law authorizing the  continuation of Government street to Dundee street. The  clerk was granted leave of absence.    Reasons not stated. o*?*BU_?auaj ������t_mp<fmf�����______aaga_y; j*eyzyfi's^Fipr.1JAJryic*^r.,r^a..1  ^���wijjwwapffgMty^^  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES,  I  View oe Greenwood, showing Copper Street.  RAILWAY   BUILDING  ���Thare were several railway men m  the city on Saturday and Sunday last..  The list included Mr. J., W. Stuart,  manager for Mann, Foley Bros. &  Earsen, the original contractors for  the Columbia and Western railway ;  Pat Walsh, the well known contractor;  Mr. McDonnell, who has a tunnel contract near the summit; Mr. H. T.  . Wilgress, right of way agent, and As-;  sistant Eand Commissioner Griffin, of  Winnipeg. Mr. Griffin represented  Mr. E. A. Hamilton, who intended  coming, but was too ill to make the  trip. He and Mr. Wilgress left for the  coast, where they have business with  the government relative to the subsidy  for that portion of the line between  Summit and Midway.  Mr. Stuart was very reticent concerning the object of his visit. He did  state, however, that he expected work  on the remaining portion of the line  to begin early in the New Year.  It was rumored, and" the rumor is  well authenticated, that arrangements  were made for awarding the subcontract from the summit of Eholt  Pass to Midway. It is stated that the  lucky contractor is Pat Walsh. He  will in all probability sub-contract portions of this section.  Mr. Walsh has large construction  plants and plenty of men at his disposal, and as the work is comparatively easy, a good showing should be  made in a short time. The only heavy  rock work between the Summit atid  Midway is in Boundary Creek valley,  about four miles below Greenwood.  "i|-_g,7lff7r-1jr:e-n    'T'lTff'"1-   '.     ���>"-������    .. ��������..-'������"������*���'       ��� !?���   ������]"��� ���������������?���^u.-m.��� .m...-.-,     i ii ��� -_  .  Kerby's Map of Wellington Camp.  Candies,   Tobaccos,   Cigars,  Druggirts' Sundries, Stationery, etc,  H. ��� B. MUNROE, Greenwood.  THE   CANADIAN .  Head Office    -   -   -    TORONTO.  Established 1867.  CAPITAL   :   :   $ 6,000,000:  [Six Million Dollars.]  A Brancli of this Bank has been Opened  at GREENWOOD, B.C.  Approved Notes Discounted.  Drafts Sold.  A g-eneral Banking- business  transacted.  D.  A.  CAMERON,  Manag-er.  ir Groceries  j��.m.����i...��jaji  ���iu.ni/il .i.'.iui,i.j.i,ijr.nii;ii.^HMJ!llui��iw  -OE���  Who have just opened a  full line of Staple and  Fancy Groceries. Everything fresh and every order  guaranteed.  i��&     s-V4     &V*  ���*lF       ~>l\~       if?  B.ANNERMAN BROS  Copper Street, Greenwood  ���MINERAL,   ACT,    1896.  Certificate  of Improvements,  NOTICE.  SILVER CLOUD mineral   claim,   situate  in  the Kettle River   Mining- Division of Yale  District.    Where located : Skylark camp.  TAKE Notice that we, Duncan Ross, free  miner's certificate No. 14,231a, and J..W.  Nelson, free miner's certificate No. 14,391a,  intend, sixty da.vs from the date hereof,to apply  to the Mining- Recorder for a certificate^ improvements, for the purpose of obtaining- a  Qrown  Grant of the above claim.  And further take, notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 2nd day of November, 1898. " 114-9  "Companies' Act, 1897."  IS hereby g-iven that Edwin Jacobs,-townsite  ag-ent, of Midway, B.C., has been appointed  the attorney- for " The Midway Company, limited," in Ang-us.K. Stuart.  Dated this 7th day of October, 1898.  [L-S.] S.  Y. WOOTTON,  118-4 Reg-istrar of Joint Stock Companies.  * ���?'.' j. in>T-^-^T?.fl'*frjr.'ff t�� _*;  *V*        iV*        ^        >Y*      itf*      'iSfe        ���>'!.        ��J��S.         vV��.  ���%*     ���sjp     ���*/!?     *&    ���?/��=���    ���}&   ���4F    %=���     tk*.  Thos. McDonnell.           R. M. McEntire  1  IcDOHN  luum  I  Mines and.  Real Estate \  GREENWOOD   and   CAMP McKINNEY  &y*   $1*.   ��!*���   *�������   jj'4   *v*   &v*   iV��-  ���*lF         tlF         "��)���?         ���?&       *&.       "Stf        Vlfi         ���SJk*'  ���SJ8"  MIDWAY; B.C.,  fiL ME 10 FINANCIAL AGENT  ���Ms.  Fire, Life and Accident Insurance.  *t��*!��$^$s;_:  (jiyy^wj^ <r, ^"*2*^*^H *"  if 1V.I  '������*$������  .1- J-  '��� k!  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES,  %J  BOUNDARY CREEK MINING DISTRICT.  An Interesting   Description   of   the   Different   Camps   Siwv  rounding the  City  of Greenwood  Numerous  Mining  Properties  and   a  Wonderful Variety  of  Ore Bodies,  [BY    J.  C    HAAS,    B.SCV M.E. ]  "HE Boundary Creek Mining district (popularly, although not  officially so called), embraces  that portion of the province of British  'Columbia included between the North  Fork of Kettle river on the east, the  Main Kettle river on the west, the  international boundary on the south,  and extending northward about twenty  miles, in all some four hundred square  miles of territory, drained by the Kettle  river and its numerous tributaries.  GREENWOOD.  Greenwood, the center of the district,  is reached by a wagon road from Pen-  -ticton���C. P. R. lake station���a distance of 90 miles, and by wagon road  from Marcus���S.'F. & N. Railway station���a distance of 65 miles. Over the  latter road daily mails are brought to  Greenwood, and tri-weekly mails over  the Penticton route.  TOPOGRAPHY.  ��� ������', Topographically, the district consists of a series of low rounded hills,  greatly in contrast to the precipitous,  rugged peaks of the Kootenays, having  a general northerly and southerly,  trend, and seldom reaching an altitude  ���of oyer 5,000 feet above sea level, excepting in the northermost mountains,  where the peaks are higher. These  riiountain peaks are generally well  timbered, and numerous small streams  come down their valleys and gulleys,  thus affording good timber and water  for all mining purposes. Through the  district, and more especially on the  south and east slopes, many of the  hills are covered with bunch grass  ranges, giving good food for stock,  while in the larger river valleys grain,  vegetables and fruits are raised.  GEOLOGY.  Extending up Boundary creek for  several miles above Greenwood and  one cmile south are the hornblende-  granite rocks. These granites are  found on the east and west side of the  creek, 'piercing the schists, quartzites  and crystalline limestones, which are  found flanking them on the east and  west. Further west are the sand- |  stones and shales in which occur the  coal seams of Kettle river. Numerous  dykes of diorite, porphyry and other  eruptive rocks are found crossing these  granites and schists, usually in an  easterly and westerly direction.  HISTORIC AIv.  To one unacquainted with the facts,  it is hard to realize that this district  was mined for gold over thirty-five  years ago. In the early sixties, a party  of miners, en route from the California  diggings to the new Cariboo placers,  pitched their tents near the mouth of  Boundary   creek  for the   night.    The  following morning one of the keen-  eyed miners, while taking a bucket of  water from the creek, detected what  he believed to be good placer gravel.  He got good "colors" in his pan ; the  news soon got around arid in a very  short time quite a settlement of miners  had sprung up.  About $50,000 worth of gold was  panned, cradled and sluiced, when the  rich gravel "played out," and these  early pioneers moved on. Since then  placer mining has been carried on intermittently.  For many years after these forty-  niners had; disappeared the district lay  dormant, except for an occasional visit  of some dissatisfied placer miner.  1 In 1886 a party of prospectors traveling between Rock creek and the Columbia river, found quartz in what is  now known as Copper camp. The  present Copper claim was located but  allowed to lapse. ThenG later in 1886  W. T. Smith discovered Smith's camp,  and after that date until 1890 things  moved along very slowly. After 1890,  numbers of prospectors came into the  district, and locations were made in  the different camps until there are  now over 2,500 claims in the district.  GREENWOOD.  Greenwood, the principal town of the  district, is situated on Boundary creek,  about seven .miles north of the international boundary. It lies in the valley at the base of several mountains,  upon whose summits and slopes lie the  mining camps of the district. Eying  in the very ; heart of the mountains,  surrounded on all sides by mines now  under development, and reaching out  to all of them by a system of wagon  roads, it commands the trade of this  section. Nearly all branches of business are represented here, and some  $25,000 is now being expended in street  improvements and waterworks. The  Canadian Pacific railroad, now building into  this  section, will   have   their  station here-  THE  CAMPS.  It must be understood that in the following general description of the  camps, no attempt has been made to  enter into minute details as to particular claims, etc., nor is it possible here  to more than make the briefest mention of many claims.  GREENWOOD  CAMP.  Greenwood camp, showing the most  development, and probably the best  known camp in the district, lies six  miles east of Greenwood city, and at  an elevation, of 2,000 feet above the  town. The ore in this camp occurs in  large bodies, and in nearly all cases  shows with any depth a  general same  ness of appearance, i.e., chalcopyrite  with hematite (micaceous iron), and  some iron pyrites mixed with calcite  and some quartz in a greenish eruptive rock, showing considerable alteration and sometimes having a schistose  structure. In some cases the ore bodies  along their trend are capped with  magnetite iron-oxide, through which  is disseminated in varying quantities  (though as a rule small percentages)  copper pyrites.  From development thus far carried  on, it appears that these ore bodies  occur in contact with lime and diorite,.  that they have a general northerly and  southerly trend, and an easterly dip.  From a large number of surface  assays taken promiscuously from  Greenwood properties, it can be said  that 1 to 10 per cent, copper, $1 to $10  gold, and 1 to 6 ounces silver, gives a  close valuation of surface ore ; 3 to 5  per cent, copper, and $4 to $15 gold has  been obtained from some of the claims  upon average sampling of several feet  of ore. Some very high grade ore is  found in this camp, the writer having  made assays giving from 15 to 20 per  cent, copper and up to $150 gold per  ton. At present the deepest shaft in  the camp is down 200 feet; there are  others from 50 to 100 feet, and it can  be said that of about a- dozen properties which have been bonded to large  companies, and on which development  has been done, in nearly every case  the bonds! have been taken up, illustrating most forcibly that the properties have proved satisfactory. Sortie  of the ores in the camp are almost  self-fluxing, possessing the required  percentage of iron, silica arid lime,and  all will be well adapted for smelting.  The Stemwinder claim has an 80-.  foot shaft, with crosscuts east and  west, a 30-foot winze from end of east  crosscut, a 50-foot shaft with drift,  some open cuts and a long tunnel, connecting with west drift for ventilation  and drainage purposes. Work is now  being carried on and machinery is to  be erected. Owned by Mackenzie &  Mann of Toronto.  The Brooklyn has a 75-foot shaft,  with crosscuts and some surface work ;  now being" worked. Owned by Mackenzie & Mann, Toronto.  The Old Ironsides and Knob Hill are  being extensively developed by wealthy  Canadian companies. A first-class  machinery plant has been set upon  the Old Ironsides���hoist, pump and air  compressor. On the Old Ironsides a  shaft has been sunk 200 feet with  drifts at the 100-foot level, and drifting  is now in progress at the 200-foot level.  The Knob Hill is opened up on the  surface by several deep open cuts, and  a long tunnel is now being driven into  the ore body, which is very wide.  The Ironsides and Knob Hill people  have also secured control of the .ZEtna,  Phoenix, Fourth of July, and Victoria  mineral claims. These are adjoining  properties.  The Snowshoe is developed by some  250 feet of work, including an incline  shaft over 100 feet deep, several drifts  and crosscuts,, and considerable. surface   work.     It   has   a   large  surface THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES.  showing- of ore, and at present is under  bond to a Scotch syndicate for $65,000.  The Gold Drop is owned by the  Montreal arid B. C. Prospecting company. It has a larg-e showing- of ore,  and is developed by shafts, a tunnel,  winze and drifts, in all amounting- to,  over 300 feet of work.  The Monarch has a 30-foot shaft ;  the Rawhide a number of open; cuts,  showing-a large body of ore (in one  place over 50 feet across) similar to  the general run of Green wood ore. The  Idaho, War Eagle, Grey Eagle and  many other claims show by the work  done thus far good surf ace indications,  and a large amount of work will be  done in this camp the  coming- season.  WEUJNGTON CAMP.  Wellington camp, lying- 8)4 miles  south-easterly of Greenwood, is reached  by a good wagon road. The country  rock here is of a dark feldspathic  nature, while some of the principal ore  bodies occur in the diorites, which appear in quite: extensive' areas, and in  the case of the Winnipeg vein, the enclosing rock is serpentine; this, however, is merely an altered diorite.  [An article on the Winnipeg- mine  appearing elsewhere, Mr. Haas' reference to the property is not published.���Ed.]  The Golden  Crown   lies  adjacent to  the Winnipeg- on the north-west.    It is  operated by  the  Brandon   and Golden  Crown   Mining    comprny,   who    now  have   a  force  of  men  at work on the  double  compartment  shaft,   which   at  the  present  time, has reached a depth  of 90  feet.    A  long-  tunnel  has  been  run on this property, which   has cut a  number of veins of  the .same- general  character  as the  Winnipeg, and give  g-ood assay values in  gold and copper.  The  property   is equipped  with  g-ood  hoisting-,   pumping-   and   drilling-   machinery..   Assays  up  to  $100  in g-old  and copper have  been  obtained, while  some average  samples of ore from the  veins cut show from $2 to  $12  in gold,  1 to 5 ounces silver, and 2 to 3 percent,  copper per ton. ���������.'.  The Athelstan claim has a ledge of  arsenical ore, on which a shaft has  been sunk to a depth of 90 feet- The  ore assays from $3 to $18 in gold.  On the Buttercup considerable work  has been done in the way of shafts,  cuts, etc. The same can be said of a  number of other claims in this camp,  including the Calumet, Hecla, Keno,  Winner, Sinbab, Jim   and  Hard Cash.  SUMMIT  CAMP.  About seven miles north-easterly  by wagon road from Greenwood lies  Summit camp, brought prominently  to the notice of the mining- public  during- the past year owing to the rich  discoveries of copper ore there.  The B. C. is undoubtedly the best  developed mine in the district, and  eertainly has one of the best showings.  The surface ore immediately below  grass roots showed a width of about 30  feet. The ore is chalcopyrite with some  pyrrhotite, and gives by averag-e assay  10 to 12 per cent, copper, and $2 to $6  g-old arid silver. East year the property was bonded for $60,000 to an English   syndicate,   and   since,  the   final  payment on the bond has been made.  The company put up a steam plant  and continued development until the  present tfriie, and are now satisfied  thai they1 have a mine. As the result  of development only, about 2,000 tons  of g-ood ore lies upon, the dumps. A  shaft was sunk to a depth of 165 feet,  drifts and crosscuts were run at the 50-  foot level and 150-foot level; in all,  about 700 feet of drifting-.  The Emma group of claims have  been purchased by Mackenzie & Mann  of Toronto. In this group are included  the Emma, Jumbo, Mountain Rose,  Mattie Davis and Minnie Moore. On  the Emma a shaft has been sunk, to a  depth of 105 feet, and a crosscut 25  feet. This shaft is sunk iii a large  ledg-e of heavy magnetic iron, carrying-  small amounts of chalcopyrite and  pyrites, and giving low results in gold.  It is reported that work is shortly to  be nresumed on this property. The  other claims named are developed by  open,cuts and shafts.  The Oro Diriero is a large showing  of magnetic iron, carrying- some copper pyrites, and having- a g-eneral  northerly and southerly trend. A  number of open surface cuts have  been made, as also a number of shallow shafts, some showing- very good  chalcopyrite carrying- gold values.  This claim is at present under bond to  Rossland parties.  A 70-foot shaft has been sunk on the  R Bell, and also a shaft about 25 feet  deep with a crosscut from which excellent copper pyrites, giving- high  silver values, are obtained. The  selected ore here has given assays  (made by the writer) up to 20 per cent,  copper, 150 ounces silver, and $2 gold  per ton.  The Cordick has a 40-foot shaft  showing good ore.  The Josie has a 100-foot shaft.    The-  ore in this property shows some native  copper. 0  A large amount of development has  also been done on numerous other  claims, giving in many cases most encouraging results. The Homestake,  Ontario, Summit, Lancashire Eass,  Brayfogle and Eclipse may be mentioned.  PASS   CREEK CAMP.  Eight miles north-easterly from  Greenwood lies -Pass Creek camp.  Here a large number of claims have  been located. The ores are generally  a mixture of pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite  and pyrites in large bodies, giving  fair copper and gold values ; only a  limited amount of development has  been done up to the present time, but  an a number of properties this has  been of an encouraging nature.  The Everett and Spokane Mining  company have sunk a shaft 40 feet and  run a number of open cuts on their  Morning Star property. A 50-foot  tunnel has been run on the Robinson  property, and considerable work on the  Minnie, No. 3, and Side Hill Star.  IvONG   IvAKE  CAMP.  Eong Eake camp is six miles northeasterly from Greenwood, and reached  by a good wagon road. Eong lake is a  body of  water   about   2)4   miles  long  and a half mile broad, and is 1,000 feet  higher than Greenwood. It is enclosed on both sides by lofty mountains, reaching an altitude._ of nearly  2,000 feet above the lake. On these  niountains are located the claims that  form Eong Eake camp.  This camp was discovered in the  spring of 1895, since which time considerable work hes been done. The  ores are siliceous, the quartz veins  being from a few inches to 8 feet in  width, and are mineralized with copper and iron pyrites, pyrrhotite, galena,  and some tellurides and free gfold.  The veins have a general northerly  and southerly trend, and occur in  granite, mico-schist and quartzites.  On  the  Jewel   and   Dinero  Grande  claims, which have been purchased by  the  Prospecting  Syndicate  of   B.C.,  a double-compartment  shaft  has been  sunk  to  a   depth   of   150   feet.    This  work was started  on  the Jewel, close  to the Dinero Grande  end line, in the  vein of quartz which at  this point was  about seven feet thick and well mineralized, and was continued  in  quartz for  the entire depth, more or less mineralized.    A  pay streak  about ten  inches  wide gave exceptionally high gold and  silver values���up to $500  gold  and 150  ounces silver per  ton.    At the 120-foot  level, drifts were run  north  and south  in quartz.    Some ore has recently been  shipped from this property to different-  reduction  works,  for  the  purpose   of  arriving at the best  method  of  treatment.     It   is   reported   that   work  is  shortly to be resumed on this property.  It might be stated that the  first steam  mining plant  brought  to   the  district  was used  in   the  development1 of this  property.  North of the Jewel and on the same  vein are the Enterprise and Anchor  claims, owned by the Greenwood Mining company. Considerable work has  been done on this property : A shaft  has been sunk 75 feet, and also a number of open cuts, showing the vein to-  be strong and continuous, and, from  the owners' reports, giving good assay  values. North of the Anchor is the  Ethiopia, owned by the B. C. Gold  Fields company of Toronto, also located on the Jewel vein. Only surface  work has been done here, showing, the  quartz to be well mineralized.  The North Star shows a vein from  2 feet to 6 feet in width, which has  given good assays in gold and silver.  On the surface, the ore showed considerable free gold and tellurides. One  shaft has been sunk to a depth of 60  feet. Ther is also another shaft, and  a tunnel over 200 feet long on this  property.  The Gold Drop, on the same lead as  the North Star, has a shaft sunk about  20 feet on white quartz, carrying a  very small percentage of sulphides,  about 15 inches wide in the bottom of  the shaft. This was the first location  in the camp, and, showing considerable free gold on the surface croppings,  caused the first rush of prospectors.  The Silent Friend now reports a 26-  inch vein, assaying $19 gold and 5  ounces silver.  On   the   west   side   of  the lake the  f -1  ��� \y ���  I-   $  nx  1  a  \  (  WMtoas��'*t��rfW.T*TKr2,TT THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES;  i -  principal locations are the Roderick  Dhu, Eake View, Alice, C. O. D.,  Amanda, and Electric. These veins  possess the same general characteristics as those across the lake, i. e.,  quartz veins carrying galena, pyrrhotite, pyrites and tellurides.  The Roderick Dhu has^ two veins,  one 4 inches to 12 inches thick, on  which a 50-foot shaft has been sunk ;  from this shaft at a depth of 10 feet  the �� ore gave by average assay $100  gold and silver per ton. The other  vein, about 5 feet thick, has not yet  been developed. The Eake View vein  is developed by a 100-foot tunnel, and  a 30-foot shaft. This lead showed very  rich mineral.  The other claims named have been  developed to a greater or less extent  by shafts and surface cuts.  KIMBERI,Y CAMP.  Seven miles up Boundary creek by  wagon road is Kimberly camp. A  large number of claims have been located in this camp, but as yet development has gone on in only a small  way, as no large companies have taken  hold here. The ore here generally is  heavy sulphides (copper and iron), and  some pyrrhotite. The clairiis showing  the most development are the Big 4,  Kimberly, Adirondack, Black Diamond  and Ballaret.  WEST COPPER CAMP.  In West Copper camp, 9 miles northwest of Greenwood, a number of claims  ".have been located, and work is now  being conducted on the Bryant group,  consisting of the Prince of Wales,  Princess Eouise, Aberdeen, Toronto,  Clyde and Drum Eummon. The ore is  arsenical pyrites in a siliceous gangue,  giving gold assays up to $36 per ton.  On the Prince of Wales there is one  shaft 25 feet, one shaft 20 feet and a  14-foot crosscut.  On the Aberdeen there is a 20-foot  shaft, and on the Drum Eummon an  8-foot shaft.  The Golden Treasure is owned by an  an English company. Assays give up  to $18 per ton in gold.  COPPER  CAMP.  Copper camp is situated at the head  of Copper creek, at a distance of 6 c  miles from Greenwood. The copper  deposits here occur in contact with  lime arid porphyry. A description of  the Copper claim, the oldest and most  developed in the camp, will be illustrative of the general characteristics  here. The deposit of mineral upon  which this property is located, is from  50 to 70 feet wide, having an easterly  and westerly trend, and can be traced  along the surface for a distance of 500  feet. This deposit on the surface  appears as a large lode of iron oxide  (red hematite) and quartz, through  which is distributed more or less uniformly copper, glance with native copper and cuprite. Through this capping  of mineral there is a ledge of ore about  10 feet wide, that will yield on average  assay 10 to 12 per cent, copper, 2 to 6  ounces silver, and a trace of gold per  ton. However, it is practically a  straight copper proposition. The  mineral at a little depth consists of  copper glance,  which  at the surface,  owing to oxidation, appears as oxides.  This property has been developed by a  number of surf ace crosscuts, and a 50-  foot shaft with crosscut at the bottom.  This ore must be treated by ordinary  smelting process, as it is not susceptible toreduction by wet concentration."  The King-Solomon is developed by a  < 50-foot 'shaft,-, from.' which some excellent ore has been taken. A force of  men are now at work on this property.  The Enterprise has a 90-foot shaft  and considorable surface work. The  East Chance, Copper Queen, Riter  Group, Jumbo, and a number of other  properties have more or less development, generally of a superficial nature.  These properties all show the same  hematite croppings. A number of  properties have been located on Observation mountain, one mile south of  Copper camp. Copper camp has an  elevation of 2,000 feet above Greenwood.  DEADWOOD  CAMP.  Deadwood camp lies between 2 and  3 miles west of Greenwood, and is  reached by wag-on road. As in many  of the other camps, the ore here is  principally chalcopyrite, carrying gold  and silver values, although a few of  the well-known properties here show  but a little copper, and consist of  nearly all iron pyrites carrying good  gold values.  The Mother Eode is "the best-developed claim in this camp, and has a  large showing of ore. The surface  shows much decomposition, being of a  dark reddish color, and is more or less  copper-stained. The ledg:e of ore here  has a northerly and southerly trend,  lying between limestone on the west  and a fine-grained greenish eruptive  rock on the east. A tunnel has been  driven a distance of 246 feet, crosscut-  ting the ledge, which shows it to be  over 150 feet wide. At 50 feet from  the mouth of the tunnel a winze was  sunk 100 feet, from the bottom of which  considerable drifting arid crosscutting  has been done. This property was  carefully developed arid sampled as  work progressed. There is no question in this instance that the grade of  ore improved as depth was gained.  Assay values in the tunnel were higher  than surface values, while in the  winze, as sinking progressed, values  increased both in gold and copper. A  number of sample assays show from  $1.50 to $16.50 gold, and from % per  cent, to over 15 per cent, copper per  ton, besides a little  silver, usually 1 to  4 ounces. At thenpresent time work is  going on with a large force of men, a  new double-compartment shaft is being-  sunk, and the largest machinery plant  in this section of B. C. is now being  installed.  The Great Hopes claim has a large  showing of pyritic ore, giving good  gold assays. The ore is very massive  and assays up to $60 gold per ton have  been received. The claim was sold for  $12,000 cash to Greenough & Earson of  Montana. About 250 feet of work has  been done on this claim, consisting of  shafts and a tunnel.  The Morrison is developed by a shaft  25 feet deep,  and  a number  of open  surface cuts. The ore is massive iron  pyrites, with some pyrrhotite and  chalcopyrite, some os which gives fair  gold 'values..;. A steam hoist has just  been set up on this claim and anew  shaft started on an excellent showing  of ore, -giving, according to reports,  good gold values.  The Sunset covers a knob or riiay-  stack of greenish eruptive rock, showing in places magnetic iron, and some  chalcopyrite; and also some decomposed iron oxide; due to oxidation of  sulphides. A tunnel 400 feet long has  been run, connecting by upraise with  the old shaft at the end. Work is now  being prosecuted.  The Hidden Treasure and Gold Bug,  owned by Adolph Drucker, M. P., of  England, are developed by a tunnel.  The Gem, Buckhorn arid Marguerite  also have good showings of ore. About  100 feet of work has been done on the  Marguerite. The ore is chalcopyrite  in a heavy magnetic iron gang-ue, and  gives fair gold assays. The Buckhorn  shows by open cuts sortie excellent  copper pyrites.  SOUTH DEADWOOD.  In South Deadwood camp a 35-foot  shaft has been sunk on thelva Eenore,  a 40-foot shaft on the Emerald, and  considerable work on the Iron Pyrites,  Herbert Spencer and other claims.  SMITH'S  CAMP.  Smith's damp is from 2 to Z% miles  south and west of Greenwood. The  best developed claims are the property  of'the Republic Mining company of  Spokane, Washington, and consist of  the Nonesuch, Republic, East Chance,  Hidden Treasure and a fractional  claim.  On the Nonesuch is a quartz vein, 3  to 3 feet wide, mineralized with iron  pyrites and a little zinc blende. Assays  up to $50 in gold per ton have been  taken. Over 400 feet of work has been  done on this claim���two long tunnels  and an upraise, all on^the vein.  The Republic is developed by an incline shaft and cuts. The ore is galena,  iron pyrites and blende, in a silicious  gangue, and assays have been made  giving over $100 per ton   in   silver and  gold.  The East Chance quartz vein is 2 to  4 feet wide, heavily   mineralized with  galena, iron pyrites and blende, giving  good assays.    An incline  shaft on the  vein   has   been   sunk  100  feet.    This  vein is traced over onnto the fractional  claim.    Work   is shortly to be resumed  on these properties.  The Boundary Falls claim has a  shaft 100 feet deep sunk on the quartz  vein {1)4, feet to 4 feet wide). The  quartz is similar to the Nonesuch, and  can be treated by milling and concentration. Good gold assays are secured  here. At Boundary Falls a two-stamp  mill was erected in 1892 to treat ore  from this claim, then known as the  Mountain Chief.  The Golconda group, 1)4 miles northwest of the Republic group, consists of  the Golconda, Gold Bed, Cleveland,  Wild Rose, Laocoon and York. While  some work has been done on all the  claims, it Has been confined mostly to  the Golconda, on which is a vein 3 feet THE   BOUNDARY   GREEK   TIMES.  to 8 feet wide of mixed quartz, mis-'  j_ pickle and pyritic ore, assaying- up to  $46 in g-old per ton. A 60-foot shaft on  the vein ^several open cuts, and a tunnel now in 50 feet, constitutes the de-  , velopment. On the other claims are  shallow shafts and open cuts. Work  is now in progress on the Golconda.  The Great Hesper and Hecla are developed by a 50-foot shaft on a vein 2  to 4 feet ' wide of quartz carrying  g-alena, copper, iron pyrites and blende.  The Cosmopolitan, Bvening, Combination and Alice Maud have more or  less development. It might be said  that the Nonesuch is the oldest quartz  claim located in the district, 1887, and  held continuously without lapsing-.  GRAHAM'S 'cAsk-P..  is situated ll/z miles north of Kettle  river, ahd-abput 10 miles south-westerly  from Greenwood. In this camp work  is now being prosecuted on two principal groups of claims.  The Bruce group of four claims, and  the Potter-Palmer group of five claims :  On the Bruce there are apparently two  ledges of copper pyrites, giving- hig-h  values in copper, and some gold and  silver. An averagcLsample of ten feet  of surface ore gives 10 per cent, copper,  $3.00 gold and 4 ozs. silver per ton. A  long cross-cut tunnel is being- driven to  cut these ledges and at the present time  is in 240 feet;  The Potter - Palmer group shows  some of the richest copper ore yet  found in the district. The ore is chal-  copyrite, chalcocite, and some bornite  or peacock ore. It is not found in any  large bodies as yet but crops out on the  surface in a number of places. Development has been carried on by shafts  and tunnels, and in all probably about  300 feet of work has been done.  CENTRAL CAMP.  Central camp ois situated about 6  miles south easterly from Green wood,  and near the international boundary  line. The ore is in two general classes,  i. e., the silicious or quartz ores, carrying gold and silver in galena, blende,  pyrites and tetrahedrite ; and the  heavy sulphide ore, .carrying copper  and gold. Those of the first class will  be described first:  On the No.. 7 is a vein of quartz 2  feet to 2l/z feet wide, carrying pyrites,  galena run blende. A shaft has been  sunk to a depth of 150 feet. At the  150-foot level, 200 feet of drifting was  done along- the quartz vein, also a  crosscut 200 feet south, to intersect  another larg-e parallel quartz vein.  Assays show from $3 to $30 gold, and  up to 100 ounces silver per ton.  The Rob Roy, Falcon, New York  and Norfolk are located as extensions  of the No. 7 vein. Considerable work  has been done upon them.  There are three veins upon the  Mabel claim; two small ones upon  which shafts have been sunk, on each  to a depth of 40 feet. A 33-foot shaft  has been sunk upon the larg-er vein���  about 3 feet wide. Samples of Mable  ore assajr up to $60.g-old per ton.  A 20-foot shaft has been sunk upon  the Oro, showing a body of chalco-  pyrite, assaying hig-h in copper and $2  to $3 In g-old.  The City of Paris, Lincoln. No. 4  and Denver claims are now being developed by a wealthy syndicate.  Considerable work was done in 1893,  but no more until the present time. A  machinery plant is being installed,  and a long tunnel, now 'in ore 300 feet,  is being driven   to   tap   the   vein   at   a  g-ood-depth-. There are two shafts oh  the City of Paris 35 feet apart���one 20  feet and the other 50 feet deep, sunk  on a chute of ore, consisting- of copper  and iron pyrites, some heavy iron  oxide and quartz. This ore body  shows to be 8 or,-10 feet wide, and assays $11 to $13 gold, while the solid  portions carry more g-old'. Copper  assays give from 3 to 7 yer cent. The  Lincoln shows a larg-e quartz vein 5  feet to 10 feet in width, mineralized  with gray copper, iron and copper  pyrites, and is more or less copper  stained throughout. A shaft has been  sunk 70 feet , a drift north 50 feet, and  a crosscut east at the bottom of the  shaft for 100 feet to intercept the City  of Paris lead. The ore as taken from  the dump assays about 30 ounces silver  and $3 to $5 gold per ton. A shipment  of three tons was made to the smelter,  which returned 212 ounces silver and  $26 gold per /torn  The Golden Rod has a 30-foot shaft  and a 20-foot crosscut, showing good  copper sulphides and carrying- $3 to $7  g-old.  The Xexington is developed by a  tunnel, showing- g-ood ore similar to  the Golden Rod.  The St. Maurice Mining- society- of  France have done considerable work  upon their properties here: The Jack  of Spades, St. Maurice, St. L-aurence  and others.  A number of other claims in this  camp have more or less work done on  them..  SKYLARK  CAMP.    ��  Skylark camp adjoins Greenwood on  the east and south-east, and   embraces  about eig-ht square 'miles  of territory.  The principal .developed  claim in this  camp is   the   Skylark, about  1J^ miles  east of Greenwood,  and  reached by a  wagon road.    This   claim is owned by  Colorado parties.    On  the claini  is   a  vein having a northerly and southerly  trend, with an   easterly   dip,   of  hig-h-  grade silver-gold  ore (quartz carrying  mispickel, g-alena, blende, pyrites and  ruby silver), varying- in  width from 3  inches to 18 inches, and  giving assays  by carload lots up to 300 ounces silver  and $20  gold  per  ton.    This property  is developed  by   an   incline   shaft 100  feet  deep, about  300  feet  of  drifting  and some surface cuts.    It was located  in July, 1893, bonded  to   the   Spokane  and   Great   Northern   company,   who  went to work  shortly   afterwards' and  during-   the  winter  of   1893-94 shipped  about 100 tons to the smelters, the first-  class ore  running  150   to  300  ounces  silver and $15 to $20  gold ; the second-  class 90 to 150 ounces  silver  and up to  $15 gold per  ton..   In the  autumn   of  1897  another  shipment  was   made   to  Montana smelters.  The Denver and Silver King are  adjacent properties, having quartz  veins fairly well mineralized, and giving small silver and g-old values.  The lyast Chance claim, 1 mile northwest of Greenwood, is owned by the  Boundary Creek Mining company of  Spokane, who have sunk an incline  shaft on the vein 100 and also a vertical shaft 100 feet in the hanging- wall  and some distance from the vein. The  vein apparently dips quite flat. The.  ore is similar to the Skylark, and the  mineralized portions give g-ood silver  values, with some gold.  The I/ake adjoins   the   L,ast Chance,  and has been developed   by   a   number,  of surface cuts and shallow shafts, exposing- a large body   of   pyrrhotite ore  "carrying- a small  percentag-e of copper  in places.  The Idola is a larg-e iron capping"  g-iving small gold values.  The Yellowstone has a vein of'  quarts and is opened up by a 50-foot  shaft. This ore g-ives small silver and  gold values.  The Crescent has a small, well-  mineralized vein (quartz, with galena,  mispickle, blende and iron pyrites) 2-  inches to 10 inches thick, g-iving* values-,  from 90 to several hundred ounces-  silver,, and $10 to $50 g-old per ton. One  25-foot shaft on the vein, several cuts  and a 20-foot shaft on a large body of;  pyrrhotite, covers the development.  The Canadian has  a 20-foot shaft on  a small vein, likely an extension of the  Crescent vein, giving- fair g"old values.  Also a tunnel and shaft on  a  showing-  -n of mineralized quartzite.  The Helen claim lies half a mile  south of Greenwood on the wag-on  road. On it is a small quartz vein 4-  inches to 1 foot wide, mineralized with  galena, iron pyrites and a little blende.  The vein is well defined, and can be  followed along- the surface for several  hundred feet. A shipment of ten tons-  in the spring- of 1895 yielded by smelter  returns $60 per ton in gold, silver and  lead. Portions of the vein assay very  hig-h, the writer having- selected,  samples assaying- up to 15 ounces g-old  and 60 ounces silver per ton. Development consists of ' a 25-foot shaft, some  surface cuts and short drifts from the  shaft, when the ore was stoped for  shipment.  The Tip Top has a 20-foot shaft in  copper ore, assaying- 2 to 5 per cent,  copper and up to $14 g-old.  Considerable work has been done  upon the Nig-hting-ale group, the IvUlu,  Blue Jay, _/ead King and others.  PROVIDENCE  CAMP.  Providence camp lies adjacent to  Greenwood, the claims lying- on both  sides of Boundary creek, and extending- northward a mile or so above the  town. The veins in this camp as a  rule are small but of very high grade.  They are found in the hornblende  granites and altered sedimentary rocks.  Shipments of hig-h grade ore have been  made to the American smelters from  the San Bernard (now Strathmore).,  Providence and D. A. claims, yielding-  by returus up to $300 per ton silver and  g-old values. The Boundary Creek  Mining and Milling company own a  group of twelve claims adjoining- the  town on the west and north-west, upon  which work has been carried on during-  the past two years.  The D. A. has a small quartz vein, 2  inches to 6 inches thick, mineralized  with - g-alena, copper pyrites, native  silver, zinc blende and some arg-entitey  or silver glance, assaying- up to 200-  ounces silver and about ]/2 ounce g-old  per ton. Opened by 100-foot tunnelr  30-foot shaft (incline), and some surface  work.  On the G. A. R. a 40-foot shaft has-  been sunk on a quartz vein, said to be  2 feet wide at the bottom, and gives-  g-ood assay values. A force of men  are now at work on the properties.  The San Bernard has a vein which  in all respects is similar to the D. A.  It occurs in the granite rock, is 2 to 6  inches wide, mineralized with pyrites,,  argentite, chalcopyrite, native silver  and zinc blende, and giving high silver  and gold values���$50 to $300 per ton.  The claim is developed by a shaft  about 70 feet deep. S|ome stopmg- was-  recently done from   this   shaft and the  If ���  . v.S /"/?  ' f i J?  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES,  es  n  ore shipped to the smelter  at Tacotna.  From the Providence claim a shipment or ore was made in the winter of  1893-94, which yielded high values. A  40-fopt shaft, drift and raise constitute  the development.  Near the Providence is the Elkhorn  claim, from.which high grade ore has  been taken. The vein is from 6 to 12  inches wide. A tunnel has been driven  about 40 feet, and a shaft sunk about  20 feet.,"\.-.  The Combination claim in this camp  has also given good silver and gold  values.;  The Anaconda group, properly in  this camp, was recently sold to an  English company, who have done some  work upon the showings of copper ore,  whish occurs in the dark, iron-stained  silicious rock. A number of surface  cuts have been made, as well "as a tunnel started down the hill.  CITY OF GREENWOOD  -o-  THE  COMMERCIAL METROPOLIS OF  THE  BOUNDARY  CREEK  DISTRICT.  pass   through  or  include  dozen   separate  mining  It Has  Energetic Business Men, Substantial  Buildings and a Bright Future.  ENCiRCiviNG the City of Greenwood  at an elevation of from 500 to 1,200 feet  are all the important mining camps of  the Boundary Creek District. If a  circle were described with Greenwood  for its center and a radius of about  eight miles, the  circumference .would  at   least   a  camps.    The  enterprise of Robert Wood, the locator  and one of the present  owners  of  the  townsite, and the  business   men, have  connected the  city  with   those  camps  by   very   good   wagon   roads.    These  roads   sre   the   links -that   make   the  growth and  prosperity   of  Greenwood  directly  associated  with   the development  of   the   wonderful   mineral   resources   of Boundary   Creek   district.  The employment of men, or the expenditure of nioney in any of these camps,  means more trade for  the  merchants.  Greenwood is the  natural distributing  point  for  the  different  camps.     It is  the Mecca to which capitalists seeking  investment,   miners  seeking   employment   and   prospectors  searching  for  new fields, make their  way.    It is the  center where  all  business  in  connection   with    the    mining    industry   is  transacted,   in  fact  the  metropolis of  the  Boundary  Creek   district.    In   its  peculiarly    advantageous    position   it  feels the influence of  every movement  made in the development of  the mines  in   the  different  camps.    A   stranger  visiting   the   city   naturally  supposes  that its origin dated back several years.  The  substantial   buildings,   the   civic  improvements and the general appearance   would   naturally   convince    one  that it had taken years  to   accomplish  so much.    But at  the   recent banquet  tendered   the  bankers, the "pioneers"  spoke   of   walking   three    years   ago  through   a   forest   where    Greenwood.  now stands.  . In the fall of  1895,   Robert  Wood, a  merchant of Armstrong, B.C., visited  Boundary Creek.    He  became  at once  convinced that  the  central  point for  the   Boundary   Creek  district   was   at  the confluence of Twin with Boundary  creek.    He purchased  several hundred  acres of land, which  he  at once  subdivided into lots.    Roads  were built to  the then practically undeveloped camps  A store was opened, and other improve,  ments carried  on.    The  confidence of  the owner in his   town  inspired   confidence   in   others.      Shrewd    business  men came and   invested  their money ;  others followed, until  the  town   grew  to   such  proportions  that in August,  1897, it was incorporated and its people  assumed all the responsibilities of self  government.    Since then  it  has , kept  pace with the development of the mining district   surrounding   it.     Greenwood never enjoyed  a boom, nor have  its people  encouraged one.    They did  everything to promote the interests of  of  the  city, but   never   attempted   to  give property an   inflated  value or induce people  to   come   here   who could  not make a  good   living.     Greenwood  to-day has a population of about 1,200.  There are eight general  stores, six excellent hotels and  two others in course  of    construction,    several    stationery  stores, livery stables, bakeries, harness  shop,   blacksmith  shop,   etc.,���indeed  every line  of  business  is well  represented.  ' ��� '. ,  Greenwood is also the financial cen-  ter of the district. Three chartered  banks have branches here. The Bank  of British North America, "the Canadian Bank of Commerce and the Bank  of Montreal chose Greenwood as the  most advantageous point from which  they could command their share of the  large number of monetary transactions carried on in connection with the  ���mines and business houses.  While the city enjoys the advantage  of being the natural and most convenient center for the mines, it owes  much of cits progress and stability to  the character and enterprise -of ������ its-  business men. They are all wideawake and enterprising, and have established an excellent reputation for  business integrity with wholesale  houses. They are public-spirited and  never lose ah opportunity to act in  concert in promoting" the interests of  the city.  The city is orderly and no tramps or  hoboes are allowed to remain within  its limits. Police Magistrate Hallett  is a terror to evil-doers, and the vigor  with which he punishes offences has  had a salutary effect upon those, who  had any desire for a wide open town.  The religious denominations are well  organized. The Presbyterians and  Episcopalians have resident clergymen. At present both congregations  worship in a public hall, but are taking active steps towards erecting  churches. The Roman Catholics have  built a handsome church on a knoll  overlooking- the city.  There is also in Greenwood an imposing and well, arranged hospital.  For two years this institution was admirably conducted by Dr. Jakes, the  pioneer physician in the  district.    His  riame is revered, throughout the whole  of Southern Yale, for not only were  the hospital doors thrown open to those  needing- medical attendance, but he  never spared himself in order to reach  those requiring his services. The  hospital has been closed temporarily,  but will probably be opened early next  spring. ���'���    ���_; '       ,���-'��� -. - -: .'..'���''.������',  ' Many families have built . neat.  houses,for themselves in the city and  their children are educated at the public school. The provincial legislature  voted $1,500 for the erection of a new  school building in the city. It is hoped (  that this grant will be. augmented next  session by an additional $1,000, when  a two-room school building will be  erected.  Since the to\vri was incorporated  many improvements have been undertaken by the municipal council.' This  year Wo: loans, .aggregating $25,000  were floated. Of this amount $14,000  was expended in grading the principal  streets, and $11,000 is being utilized in  constructing waterworks. The water  is taken from Twin creek at a distance  of 800 yards arid at an elevation of 250  feet above the city. Hose, reels and  other, fire apparatus have been purchased.  The site for the city is an excellent  one and the corporation,, boundaries  are all within the Boundary Creek  valley. The townsite is two miles in  length and half a mile in width. The  business portion is on a low bench,  sloping both ways to lower ground.  At present the majority of the residences are situated near the foothills,  but the city is growing so rapidly that  houses are springing up in every direction. The business houses are nearly  all frame, two-story structures, the ���  store fronts being tastily arranged.  The principal hotels are three-story  buildings, heated by hot-air and  and lighted with acetylene gas.  As is generally known, the C.P.R.  Co. is pushing its Robson-Boundary  Creek line towards Greenwood. Its ,  officers are noted for having a keen eye  for any chance by which the cortipany  can make money. Mr. E. A. Hamilton, the C. P. R. land commissioner,  visited Greenwood last fall. He at  once appreciated the advantages possessed by Greenwood. He opened negotiations with the owners of the town-  site, with a view to-., acquiring an  interest for his company. These negotiations were successful. The C.P.R.  secured a third interest in  the   unsold  lots in the city, conditional upon the  C.P.R. company undertaking the expenditure of considerable money in improvements within the city. These  include the erection of a handsome  depot on the bench across Boundary  creek, the grading of a wide street  from the station to Government street,  and necessary excavating and filling  in to make ample yard room near the  station. The company is to advertise  Greenwood in all C.P.R. literature and  generally to give Greenwood the benefit of its great power and influence.  Evidence of the bona fide intentions  of the railway company is to be  found in the fact that, wherever possible, surveys for the branch lines to  the different mining camps have been  run so that these branches will terminate in Greenwood.  I ��  W  vf  �����!  ; I;   (i  ��� -.10   ?':'���  t  GREENWOOD is the financial and commercial  centre of Boundary Creek district. It is the. supply  point for. the mining" camps. Prom the city,,, roads  lead   to  the  MM  GREENWOOD,  DEADWOOD,  MM  LONG   LAKE,  AND   OTHER' BOUNDARY-CREEK. CAMPS.  Three   chartered   Banks  have  branches   in  the   city.  For price of Eots and other information, address  Or apply to the Ag-ents :  C. F. WJMli  Vernon.  GREENWOOD,   BOUNDARY   CREEK,   B.C.  X   A. K. STUART,   X   J. B. JOHNSON 4 CO.,  Vancouver.  Rossland.  ���:s- %$  \  if  I       !  I" ^*��i______iii ___���  _s_ss3sia��5w 'rf.f-f  THE   BOUNDARY   GREEK   TIMES,  Kin^vr.v.^M^i^jh^Mr\'hv.vib\vA^^ _���_*_  ,1 0*ttt.',t*sr*.%rrr*^?zy^Vj&^i?��^rz'bJi2&'L^^ p.^rej^^rV_gH^^^;i^^w��a.yj^^;^^ "j-m.vj MA^^H.y-^yj  (^  e^-fi"--   i* v  ? -      ft,   ��� Aa-r     *��  RENDELL  &   CO.'S WHOLESALE   GROCERIES  AND  LIQUOR  ESTABLISHMENT.  RENDELL   &   CO.  / ^  The remarkable increase in the business,of the pioneer firm of Boundary  Creek is not only a tribute to the enterprise of the firm itself but is the very  best criterion of. the rapid development  of the district. In 1893, G. Arthur  Rendell, the senior member of Rendell  & Co., began business in a small building at Boundary Falls ; to-day Rendell  & Co. have a large two-storey building  on Government street filled with wholesale groceries and liquors; another  two-storey building on Greenwood  street, in which is carried a line of dry  goods that would do credit to a city  having the best transportation facilities ; a stone bonded warehouse, and a  branch store in Summit.  In the fall of 1895, Mr. Robert Wood,  the father of Greenwood, opened a  small general store in a log building  on'Government street. In the spring  of the following year the business of  Messrs. Wood and G. Arthur Rendell  was was amalgamated, and Mr. Ralph  Smailes, the present manager, ��f the  firm, became a partner in the business.  Since then the business of Rendell &  Co. has increased rapidly. In the fall  of 1896 the log building was removed  to the rear of the lot and a large two-  storey frame building was erected in  front. In 1897 the firm found their  quarters too small for their ever-increasing business, and another store  was built alongside the Government  street premises. The latter building  was used for the dry goods department  until three months ago, when a two-  storey block was erected on Greenwood  street. The dry goods and furnishings'-  were removed to this building and the  stock increased. About the same time  }he retail grocei*3r trade was sold to A.  H. Sperry & Co., and the firm confined  its attention, excepting the   dry  goods  store, to wholesale groceries, liquors  and cigai-s. To more fully enable them  to carry on their wholesale trade, the  Dominion government allowed them  bonding privileges, and last fall a  large stone bonded warehouse was  erected on Government street. This  was the first stone building erected in  Greenwood. The wholesale trade of  the firm has had a phenomenal increase. They sell liquors and cigars  to the many hotels in the district lying  between Penticton and Gladstone and  they have heavy contracts for supplies  with many of the big mining camps  operating in the district.  Much of the success of the firm is  due to the careful way in which the  large business has been handled. Mr.  Ralph Smailes, the manager, has had  a long training in mercantile houses  in England and in Canada. He is a  shrewd and careful buyer, knows exactly what goods the trade demands,  keeps his stock fresh and up to date  and is ever on the alert for anything  that will increase the business of his  firm. He is a strong believer in  printer's ink. His advertisements  which appear regularly in the Times, t  demonstrate the fact that he has  learned the knack of "ad" writing.  The advertisements are striking, original and always interesting.  Mr. Robert Wood has so many other  interests engaging his attention that  he is practically a silent member of  the firm.  Mr. G. Arthur Rendell is one of the  most popular men in the district. He  knows every one and every section of  the large mineral district. He is a good  rustler after trade and a good salesman.  A short time ago the firm opened a  branch store at Summit camp, where  Messrs. Rendell and Smailes have  several  hundred  acres  of  land   at   a  central point. This property will  probably be converted into a townsite  at an early date.  Rendell & Co. are agents for several  big wholesale and manufacturing  firms, including R. P. Rithet &|Co.,  Victoria ; Schlitz Brewing Co., Milwaukee ; Columbia Flour Mills Co.,  Vernon ; J. T. Turner & Co., Hamilton ; Montreal Roller Mills Co.; Giant  Powder Co., Sari Francisco ; Schilling  & "Co., San Francisco ; and Mendelssohn Piaiio Co., Toronto;  In 1887 the firm did a business ^aggregating over $60,000. This year it  will amount to over $100,000,  ELKHORN   BREWERY.  Just immediately outside the city  limits, on the Elkhorn mineral claim,  is the Elkhorn Brewery. The proprietors, Messrs. Hartinger & Portmann,  having confidence in the growth of the  city, have erected large premises, so  that their present plant can be increased when the trade demands. The  cellar is 34 x 36, with the ice-house  above. The brewery proper is 20 x 44,  and there are also a large store-house,  bottling house and dwelling.  At present the brewery is turning  out about fifteen barrels a day. A  large portion of this is stored in the  store room, where there are four casks,  with a capacity of 25 barrels each,  and another four, with a capacity of  15 barrels each. Next summer the  company intend putting in a steam  plant.  Mr. Harlinger is an experienced  brewer, having held important position in the east and also in Spokane.  Single copies of this special edition,  ready for mailing, may be secured at  The Times office for 25 cents. THE   BOUNDARY   CEEEK    TIMES.  jai_2__n@s  .  ".";���" #: F@ff_��dl_(sai_So  All the Leading  and  Popular  Magazines and Periodicals  carried,  f?!mmmn!fmm??mmmmmmmmmn!mmmmm???mmfnnm?mmm.  Vmmqj: (S����ds- ���  % Md3)v��lt3��So  We  will  continue  adding  to   our  stock   of   these   articles,   and  will  make a specialty of this branch of  our business during 1899,  Our Confectionery  Stock  is  large  and complete,    We handle Ganong  Bros/ Confectionery, which  guarantees  satisfaction,  )tmtmn��i?jo  A large and varied assortment  of  Stationery    for   the  Home,  the School and the Office,  _F(D)Ibai(S(S(DSo  It has been our endeavor to sell  only Cigars that would make new  customers, and we will continue  this policy, Among other lines we  wish to call attention to the follows  ing i '������.El Padre/* �� Needle," " Henry  Vane," "Adelina Patti," ..'�� Havana  Llmpaticos," "Havana Chamber^  lain/' " Senora,"  ��  And every new Acquaintance, we want to hold,  i A* *i  7  y       > _iw�� | VV^ o  O I A  A r.  ���'W -  '.:*���- '.TV.-Mr.T=r-.*ti': tlfj  19-  A.  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES.  ^WfftA'f.V.'.'W,.  ���l*lJt����P||P�� ��� HM1,1," I'   '.'.   ���-''      ��_����#"^��  *^.��-<^_��_��^*^sr��;>wq^rw^piwMagMMt^^ ��� i*rmwm**isnDav  Points  of Interest  Relating to Golieentratibn and  Smelting of  Ores of the  District;  clai  Interesting Comparisons With Smelting Ores of the Anaconda  Mine, Butte, Mont;  BY FREDERIC  KEFFER, M. E., MANAGER MOTHER   IyODE  MINE.  THE undersigned has been asked to  contribute a page on the ores of  Boundary Creek, and on points of interest in relation to the concentration  and smelting of the same. A contribution-of this sort in so limited a space  must needs be but the briefest outline ;  but so far as development work in the  various camps now indicate, the following general conclusions would  seem to be warranted :  (a) Boundary Creek will be a copper  .and gold camp, with copper as the  main product. There will of course be  considerable silver produced, but its  position will be secondary in the camp,  taken as a whole.  (b) To a large extent���in some properties -perhaps entirely so���the gold  will pay the mining and smelting  charges, leaving the copper partly or  wholly net profit. ���������,  (c) As a whole, the camp will be a  low-grade one ;���a camp possessing ore  bodies of unusual extent, but in the  main of low grade. Various estimates  have beenmade of the average tenor  of the ore: in view of the limited  amount of developmerit so far accomplished, any estimate is hazardous, but  in the writer's opinion the mean value  of the smelting ores of Boundary  Creek, as sorted from the mines, will  not exceed $20.00 per ton in gold arid  copper, .and may fall below this figure  to some extent. This may seem like a  low estimate to some enthusiastic  people, but it must be remembered that  the difference between the assays made  whilst development work is in progress,  and those of thousands of tons of ore  sampled in mechanical and unbiased  samplers at the mills is pretty certain  to be great, and not in favor of  the mine.        .  (d) Although some of our companies  have been at work for two or three  years on their properties, still it is true  that as a whole the development work  so far done is, comparatively slight,  especially when the great size of the  ore bodies is taken into consideration.  A half million dollars would be a quite  liberal, estimate of the money spent to  date in development. This sum.has,  in other localities, often been expended  in the development of a single mine.  Here, scattered amongst many claims  of promise, the result in individual  cases is .bound to be small.  (e) As a direct result of the above, it  may be said , with perfect truth that  there is not a MINE in the district yet.  For a property-cannot be designated a  mine until there is sufficient ore actually in sight to warrant the title. ��And  by the expression fore in sight" we do  not tneari that product of �� guess work  found by sinking a shaft a hundred  feet or so and drifting a bit and then  multiplying the ore 'seen therein, by  the size of the whole claim and by a  depth limited only by the modesty of  the multiplier; but we do mean pay  ore, actually blocked out by drifts,  crosscuts and winzes, ready to be  stoped arid in such shape to admit of  fairly accurate measurement. Until a  company has such a property it ,has0 no  mine, although it may have a claim of  exceedingly great promise.  That the district has a number of  properties of this exceeding great  promise, nobody familiar with the  camp will deny. And it is this fact  that warrants all that has been done  so far, and which causes us to believe  that Boundary Creek will in due season rank among the great mining  camps of the West.  As regards the concentration of ores :  It is well known that much of the success of the Butte mines has been due  to the sa.vihg effected, in, preliminary  concentration of ores, previous to matting. Qur ores will naturally divide  themselves into'three main ���products :  Hand-picked or selected ores, second-  class ores, and waste. The selected  ores can! usually be smelted without;  previous "concentration, but it is evident that it is almost essential'to concentrate second-class ores if profi table  work is to be done. Unfortunately  there are but slight data available regarding tlie concentrating possibilities  of the copper-gold ores of-this camp.  The writer has made a number of  experiments on the, ore of the property  with which he is connected, and can  only vouch for the accuracy of these.  The ores experimented upon were such  as would mostly have to go over the  waste dump unless some cheap way  can be found to concentrate them.  Seven experiments which pretty closely  agreed with one another gave as a  mean result, per cent, of concentration 38.1  These concentrates carr}r 54 per cent,  of all the copper in ore concentrated,  and 95 per cent, of all the g-old in ore  concentrated; The slimes are 18 per cent  of ore concentrated. That is to say, in  ooncentrating we would lose 46 percent  of our copper and 5 per cent, of our  gold. The high, saving in gold is remarkable when the great loss in copper is considered. Good machinery  might decrease the loss of copper  somewhat (much is lost,in slimes) and  might also decrease the bulk of the  concentrates. If we assume that we  are  working  on  ores  assaying, say 3  er cent, copper and $4 gold, and that  our riiachinery will decrease the per  cenl. of concentrates to 33 */j per cent,  of the original ore (instead of 38.1 per  cent.) then the. resultant concentrates  will contairi 4.8 per cent, copper and  $11.40 in gold, and will in round numbers be worth about $22 per ton. The  cost of concentration should not much  exceed $1 per ton of ore concentrated.  So that even with the great loss of  copper iri slimes arid tailings the concentration is profitable, for it saves  ores otherwise wasted���at least in  part- Ore containing magnetic oxides  was concentrated in three experiments  by (1) magnetic separation followed by  (2) water cdncentration. The concentrates were 21 per cent, of the ore and  contained 51 per cent, of all copper  and 99 per cent, of all gold. Curiously  enough the concentrates, after magnetic separrtidn; do not slime when  further "concentrated by water.  Regarding the smelting of our ores,  it is quite evident:that in the interests  of economy the low grade ores of the  camp will have to be smelted at home.  Some ores, it is true, may stand ship-'  ment, but for the vast majority of our .  ores the statement will apply. It  is also true that the ores of the camp are  so varied in their composi tion as to afford almost any mixture .the metallurgist may wish to have, without any  ladditions of barren fluxes. Further it  is the case that'the ores of the great  copper-gold ledges approximate closely  to smelting mixes without additions of  any flux-  For example, a number of analyses  of Old; Ironsides ore.-gave :  Calcium ;oxide...........     6.28 per.cent  Iron ......:......... ..J...  37.85 per cent  Silica   ............................. 30.80 per cent  Sulphur,     copper, /car-  v   bonie acid, etc..  25.07 per cent  Assuming-that 8 per cent, of the iron  enters the matte, we shall have on a  basis of 100 per cent, the materials  that enter the slag as follows :  Calcium  oxide......:.     8.3 per cent  Iron  oxide....!............:.  46.0 per cent  , Silica  45.7 per cent  A year's average of slag produced at  one of the.great Butte smelters was as  follows ::  Silica: .........36.2 per cent  Alumina. 10.3 per cent���46.5 per cent  Iron oxide... '.     46.4 per cent  Calcium oxide....:........       4.1 per cent  The similarity in composition of  these two products is apparent.  A crosscut of 87 feet in the Mother  Eode gave on analyses of about 30  samples :  Silica  27.69 per cent  Iron oxide..  32.84 per cent  Calcium-andmagnesium 19.68 percent  Sulphur, copper arid carbonic,acid  19.79 percent  Allowing 6 per cent, of copper to  enter the matte we have on a basis  of 100 per cent, a slag as follows :  ,.  Silica  37.4 per cent  Oxide of iron  36.3 percent  Calcium and magnesium 26.3 per cent  in which the relation of acid to base is  close to many slags formed in practice. In the above the ashes of the  coke is not considered, but the examples given illustrate the case in  point���the self- fluxing capacity of our  ores. Frederic Keffer. THE   BOUNDARY-CREEK   TIMES.  Big Cut, Knob Hi 1,1, Mine, Greenwood Camp".  THE MEDICAL   PROFESSION.  i    Another   striking   evidence   of    the  'rapid development of the district is  to  'be found in the fact  that  there  are  a  j-dozen   medical   men   in   the   territory  'which two years ago was the  preserve  |of one doctor.    At that  time  the  only  jmedical man in thedistrist lving south  of Penticton and  extending east  and  ^ west from Keremeos to  Cascade  City,  jwas R. W. Jakes, M.D.     Someone has  ,'called Dr. Jakes a  Canadian   Dr.   Mc-  fClure.    The allusion  is   a  happy  one.  ;Dr. Jakes has just  as  big a  heart  as  ilan McEaren's original  Dr.   McClure,  and almost as big a crank.   For nearly  rtwo vears he-made 90 and 100 .miles in  .jj}.a day to minister to some  poor fellow  rjVho was sick and often hadn't a dollar  jjto pay for hiedical attendance.   He has  ijhad many thrilling  experiences ; once  1 he had his leg broken, and next day he  1 was carried on a stretcher  to   attend a  [patient.    Sprained ankles and  bruises  ���were a frequent occurrence, often more  frequent than five dollar bills, still Dr.  Jakes never complained and never  refused to attend the sick.     He was generally successful, too.    His hospital in  Greenwood was  always  open  for  the  afflicted   while  it  was  running.    The  hardships   of  pioneer  days  are  over.  Doctors have opened offices in different  parts of the large district, making very  long trips no longer  a  necessity.    Dr.  Jakes' practice is stiil large, but is not  attended with  the dangers  and  hardships   of  pioneer  days.    Dr.   Jakes is  still a young  man   and will  probably  -enjoy for many years interesting recollections of how he  roughed it in Boundary Creek.    He is a graduate  of  Mc-  Gill University, Montreal.    He takes a  _een interest in< his profession.    He is  -coroner  and   provincial   health-officer  for the district.  Dr. Sidney Oppenheimer came to  Greenwood two months ago. He is a  graduate of McGill. He has an office  -over the Bank of B. N. A. and is securing a large practice.  Dr. Schon opened an office in the  Barrett block two months ago. He has  had a long experience in England. Recently he was appointed medical health  officer for the city..  As John Christie, M. R. C. V. S., is  a good fellow, the  other  medical  men  -will not object to his being classed  with the doctors. Dr. Christie has  had a good training and a successful  veterinary practice. For many years  he was the leading- veterinar3r surgeon  in Butte. He is veterinary surgeon  for the department of agriculture and  has a large private practice.  GREENWOOD   BARRISTERS.  Greenwood is well supplied with lawyers. Some people think there are too  many lawyers in the city. While it  would be unwise to attempt to argue  this point in a necessarily brief article,  we run the risk of saying that there  are worse lawyers than those having  offices in Greenwood.  > Mr. A. S. Black was one of the first  to open an office in the city. He practiced on the coast for some time before  coming to Greenwood. He is solicitor  for the city and also for the Greenwood  Townsite company, and enjoys a large  practice.  Mr. I. H. Hallett, the police magistrate, held a similar position in Vancouver before coming to Greenwood.  He was the first lawyer in Boundary  Creek district. He is solicitor for the  banks and several of the large mining  companies.  Mr. Andrew Eeamy practiced his  profession  in   New   Westminster   for  several years. He has been in Greenwood for nearly two years and does a  large amount of court work.  Mr. A. M. Whiteside, of the firm of  McEeod & Whiteside, Rossland, opened  a branch office in Greenwood about  two months ago. His office is in the  Barrett block.  Mr. J. P. McEeod, of Midway, does  sufficient Greenwood legal work to-  almost make good the claim that he is  a Greenwood lawyer. Mr. McEeod  does a very larg-e business in connection with mining transactions and also  enjoys a. heavy court practice.  LIVERY   STABLES.  There are three livery stables in the  city. The Palace stables, Messrs,  Robins Bros., proprietors, contains  several stylish driving teams,1 comfortable rigs and good saddle horses.  The Fashion stables, D. C. McDonald,,  proprietor, and the Pioneer stables^  Messrs. Currie Bros., proprietors, are-  also well equipped with horses and.  vehicles. The prices both for horses  and feed are very moderate.  KING   &   CO.  H. A. King & Co., stationers, began  business in Greenwood about . four  months ago. Their store is on Copper street, next door to Miller Bros,  drug store. Mr. H. A. King is an experienced stationer and his stock of  books, magazines, notions, tobaccos,  etc., is well selected. He is continually"  enlarging his stock, and has a well-  assorted line of holiday goods.  P.   BURNS   &   CO.  P. Burns & Co. have practically absolute control of the meat business in  Boundary creek and Kootenay. They  have their own shops in all the Kootenay towns, and at Cascade, Grand  Forks, Greenwood and Midway in the  Boundary Creek country. The head  office for this district is in Greenwood.  Although the company has what is*  practically a monopoly, they do not  take advantage of it, and since coming  into the Boundary district voluntarily  reduced the price of meat two cents  per pound. Mr. Flood is manager for  this district.  I'jfii'-f-^  ?I��iB  ::���>���������������  Shaft House, Old Ironsides Mine.  Hnmnmnm THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES.  v *   r     i  LA. W\  t_Mwa��^^x��__*_��y-^iw__w ������g-a.-ypjffjT3f i?nr|MT'i-i-|t^fflT  CANYON   CREEK   AND   THE   WEST   FORK  DuRiNGthe past, year considerable interest has been taken in the,  country lying between the West Fork  and the main Kettle river and a large  number of mineral locations have been  made in this territory. At present the  claims most talked about are ��� those  located on Can3ron creek, a stream  entering the Kettle river 35 miles  above the mouth of Rock creek and  running' nearl}' .'-'parallel ..to, the- river. -  The Canyon Creek camp includes those  claims located orf'-'Cedar; creek,-about  eight miles farther down the river.  More than two hundred claims have  been recorded from this camp and considerable development work has been  done on a number of them. The formation is quartzite and granite and  the ledges  are  quartz,   carrying  high  values in gold.  Among the'claims oh'  which work has been done are the  Colorado, owned by Sullivan and  Waddell, on which a 60-foot tunnel has  been run to tap the ledge. On the  Robin Hood and Florence May, two  properties owned by W. Guttridge, a  good ore body has been shown up..  The traveler and Iron Cliff have been  developed by two tunnels and open  cuts , the Silver Dollar by- a 50-foot  open cut and a 25-foot tunnel ; the  Belcher, 50-foot shaft; Mogul, two  shafts, one 25 and the other 10 feet;  May Flower, 75-foot, tunnel; Augusta,  open cut, 20-foot tunnel and 9-foot  shaft. Other promising claims are the  Bernadotte, Highland Mary, Trapper,  Gold Dollar, and Iron Hat. ' Chinese  have been working placer ground on  Cedar creek for some time and are reported to have been making fair  clean-ups.  On the  West  Fork  of   Kettle  river  much more development has been done  than   on    Canyon   creek.     The   West  Fork  enters  the  Kettle  river 9 miles  above the mouth of Rock  creek.    The  formation is similar to that of Canyon  creek.    Among  the  claims   on  which  development work  has  been  done are  the Carmi  and Butcher Boy, situated  about 30  miles  from  the  crossing  of  the West  Fork,   a 28-foot  tunnel  has  been  run   and   a  10-foot  winze  sunk  from   the   tunnel.    The  character   of  the ore is similar to that in the Cariboo,  Camp McKinney.    The  Sallie, owned  by Wood and Felto is about five miles  from the Carmi.    Assays from the pay  streak in this  claini  gave  $300 silver.  The Bell and Highland Easshave been  developed by a 12-foot  shaft   and a 60-  foot   tunnel ;   the   Arlington,    40-foot  shaft in ore, carrying  values   in   gold,  silver   and   copper,    assays    running  from 15 to 18 per  cent,  copper; Atlan-  Cable, 20-foot shaft on a surface showing 250 feet wide,   assays   running- $27  in gold;   King  Solomon, 3  ledges,   20-  foot shaft on 5-foot  ledge   assaying $3  to $28; 16-foot  shaft  on 18-inch   lead,  assaying $18.50, and  10-foot  shaft and  64-foot tunnel on a 4-foot  lead, assaying from $13 to $71, all values.    Other  claims on   which   work  is  now   being  done  are the   Hill   Top,  Jumbo, Rob  Roy,   Paymaster, Klondike, Highland  Chief and Iron Mask.    Altogether the  West Fork and Canyon   Creek  camps  give promise of producing a number of  mines, if large surface  showings  and  high assay values are indications.  Rossland.  Greenwood.  LIMITED    LIABILITY.  st  . .. Qjteaf (Befctfe .<m& Quitting. (gio&m, .  * t ' ��� * >  Financial & Insurance Agents  GEO.   R.. NADEN,   Manager...  m r***m**. rv��j^ i*"*'  E   LIVERY.  STABLE.  THE   BOUNDARY   GREEK   DISTRIGT.  Extra Well Fitted for Long Drives,    Saddle Horses  and Pack  Ponies,    Feed Barn,    Hay and  Oats For Sale,  A. W. ROBINS   -   -   -  gfrB<^jn>J*^JWWTWi|ilMM'IWW<-ltlt_���l��WM��l>PfWWf]WWWWIlWli  PIONEER HOTEL  I       I   J A  Greenwood City* Boundary Creek, B,G  *?/���*��� iV*. *V4  We are prepared to welcome Guests and provide good accommodation.  Headquarters for Mining Men.      . Best of Wines, Eiquors and Cigars  A Comfortable Sample Room.     Heated by Hot Air.  jj;*        i$.        *v*  ">i?        ?i<f        ">i\~  <"*  Proprietor,  gj_i_B_B_e_gwg_rfu __uiM__a  U8  J)  Are the only direct Importers on the mainland of British Columbia of  Coke, Cement,  Firebricks,  Fireclay,  Lime,  Sewer  Pipe,  Plaster,  etc,  etc, etc,  -o-  For full particulars as to prices, etc., write  EVANS," COLEMAN & EVANS  - Vancouver, B. C.  ���m-Hf."wim m_iii��i_uim_____j_M  _giLra_m_iir__aa_,_��_iff_  JL   L  Dealers in Hay, Grain, Potatoes, Butter, Eggs, etc,  *�������     Sle-    $&������    aSfc  -4P.      ���>!?     �����'?      -OF  HEAVY   WAGON   SCALES   IN   CONNECTION   WITH   OUR   BUSINESS  Silver Street, Greenwood, B.C. nuu-n- ����� _�� ���< it. ���. i <t, wua  Ti r*i?r^/r^f?rr^r*!?-$rratf7'*T r'-TPirr.^^'^y s^TT^^ff y^r^^r^^^^r-r^7^-r-^,r?g T^^cs--___3zp_3��Ji��:  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES.  ���THE  Sends  ttttftftttg   to you  * The past year has been the most successful since we started in business? 500  per cent, increase over last year's business is a record we feel justly proud of,  Beginning the New Year with malice towards none and good will to all, we hope, by  pursuing the same honest, straightforward policy as in the past, to make an even greater  showing during the year 1899, Confident that the district will double its population in  '99, we will greatly enlarge our stock, In addition to carrying a full and complete stock of  Staple and Fancy Groceries, we have already placed orders with Eastern Manufacturers for a  first-lass stock of Gents' Furnishings, Boots and Shoes, etc..  We respectfully ask you to call and examine  our select  stock  of Fancy  Groceries,  bought especially for the Holiday Trade,  Thanking you one and all for your generous patronage during the past three years,  We  remain Faithfully  yours,   .  S  Government Street ��� ��� next door to the Postofftce* ��� ��� Greenwood,  Roman Catholic Church, Greenwood.  .���'������������ ���''        ��� , ��� '���������.'      >    ������''���'  The Church of the Sacred Heart is the only church in Greenwood.    It was  opened by Rev. Father Palmer in June  of this  year.    It  is  situated on a knoll  commanding all   points of the city.    The building is 35 x 50 feet, and has, with  galleries, a seating capacity of 500.    From the ground to the top of the cross is  91 feet, which, from the elevation of the site, makes the building one of the most  conspicuous in the city.    Rev. Father Palmer, who has charge of several other  congregations in the district, holds services in Greenwood once a month.  ASSAYERS.  Probably the most useful man in a  mining camp is a competent assayer.  Sometimes there are assayers who are  not competent, and those are the reverse of being useful. Greenwood is  not afflicted with the latter class. The  four assayers of the city are careful in  their work and accurate in their values.  Messrs. Guess Bros, are the pioneer  assayers of Boundary Creek district.  Their business at present is in charge  of Geo. A. Guess, M. A. Harry Guess,  M. A., was associated with his brother  until a year ago, when he left for Rat  Portage, where he is in charge of a  large laboratory. The Messrs. Guess  are both graduates of Queen's university, Kingston.  W. S. Keith, M. E-, took a thorough  course of training in San Francisco.  He has visited most of the mining districts of the province. East summer he purchased J. P. Harlan's assay  business.  J. C. Euckenbel opened an assay  office in Greenwood about three months  ago. He has had considerable experience among the mines of Kootenay.  Rudolph Boehm, C. M. E., is assayer  and consulting mining engineer for  the B. C. assay office. Mr. Boehm has  had a long experience in mining, and  has secured several patents for mining  machinery.  Ri  fe7  -J_��� '.     ,1:       ���       ���'-     ,$*Z  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES,  KETTLE   RIVER   VALLEY;   NEAR   MIDWAY,   B.C.  ���&m  THE   TOWN   OF   MIDWAY.  The   town   of   Midway   is   situated  near the confluence of Boundary creek  and   the   Kettle   river.    There   is   no  prettier   valley   in   British   Columbia  than that of the Kettle river, and with  the possible exception of Grand Prairie,  the   most   beautiful   portion    includes  and surrounds the t'bwn of Midway.   It  is an   ideal residential   spot,    The climate is delightful, the   soil   is   fertile,  and the Kettle  river  furnishes plenty  of   amusement  for  the   angler.     The  broad valley is   a  delightful  relief  to  to the hills in which  the  mines are located.    Midway is blessed with a number   of   enterprising   business    firms.  Prominent   among  these  are   J.   Mc-  Nicol, and Hain & Co., who carry well-  assorted stocks of general merchandise;  J. A. Unsworth, who has   a  neatly arranged drug store; Rickards, Benerman  &  Co., who   deal  extensively   in  real  estate and mines and do a large insurance business ; Forbes   M.   Kerby,   C.  E., P. E. S., has an office here.    There  are two good hotels, the Midway hotel,  of which Messrs. McAuley & Keightly  are   proprietors,   and  the   Eancashire  house,   managed   by   Mrs.   Dowding.  W. J. Armstrong, has opened a tinshop  and Bush & Webb have a well-equipped  blacksmith and wheelwright establishment.     The   sawmill    of  Eequime   &,  Powers is located abeut  a   mile   above  the   town   on   Boundary   creek.     The  g-overnment    offices    for    the    Kettle  River district are located  here and are  in.  charge  of  W.   G.   McMynn.     The  Midway Advance, W. H. Norris, editor  and proprietor, enjoys  the distinction  of being the pioneer  newspaper of the  district.     There   are  also   three   contractors   and   builders   in   the    town,  C. M. Melville,  P. Helstab   and   F. B.  Boone.    J.  P. McEeod, B.A., barrister  and solicitor, has his office in Midway,  and enj03's a good practice.  The townsite of Midway is owned��by  a syndicate of Montreal and English  capitalists, of which Captain R. C.  Adams of Montreal is the president.  The town plot consists of the E'holt  and Murray pre-emptions���about 700  acres of land, extending westward  from Boundary creek ..along the north  bank of the Kettle river.  GREENWOOD    CITY    MERCANTILE    CO'Y.  The Greenwood City Mercantile  company was among the first -firms to  begin business in Greenwood. The  members of the firmf:hacl a large and  successful business experience in mining districts on the American side.  They had acquired an intimate knowledge of the commercial possibilities of  .a mining .district,'..and' the fact that  they decided to invest their money  in Greenwood, was another tribute to  the remarkably promising mineral resources of the district.  The firm opened out on the corner of  Copper and Greenwood streets, where  their present large, two-storey block  stands. At that time this corner was  not-near the business center, but to-day  it is. The Greenwood City Mercantile  company have probably the best business lot in the city.  The firm carries a large and well-  assorted stock of general merchandise,  and are extensive wholesalers of wines,  liquors and cigars. They do a large  retail business in the city, and furnish  many of the mining camps with supplies of every kind.  The members of the firm are Mr. E.  Ostroski and Mr. S. Breslauer. They  conduct a similar business at Davenport, Wash., a prosperous town in the  heart of a rich wheat country.  RUSSELL   HARDWARE   COMPANY.  The    Russell c-Hardware,   company  carries the largest  hardware stock between Rossland and  the  coast.    They  do business in the large territory lying  between Penticton and Gladstone, and  supply   nearly   all   the  mines   of  the  Boundary   Creek   district  with   large  quantities   of   iron   goods.    Eike   the  majority of Greenwood firms, the Russell Hardware  company  grew   from a  small concern to its  present mammoth  proportions.     In   the  spring  of   1897,  Mr. J. A. Russell, an experienced business man of  Brandon, Man., opened a  hardware store on Government street.  In the fall of the same year, Mr. Thos.  Hardy,   one   of   the  pioneer  business  men of Boundary Creek, purchased the  stock   of  W.   J.   Armstrong  &  Co. of  Anaconda, and  for  a  short  time carried on the business in  that town.    In  the fall of the same*year  Messrs. Russell   and   Hardy   amalgamated    their  business.      It    was    found   that    the  premises occupied by Mr. Russell were  tod small  for  the   increasing business  and one of the  stores  in   the  Barrett  block, Copper street, was taken. Their  . old building is  used   as   a  store  room  and is always full of every description  of hardware.    The  firm  buys in large  quantities   from   the   biggest    whole-  ealers in Canada, and are consequently  always in a position to fill the heaviest  orders at the lowest  prices.    They are  sole agents  in   Boundary   Creek   for a  number of prominent hardware  manufacturing firms, including   the Canton  Steel company andMcClary, the maker  of stoves   and ranges.    They   are also  agents for the B. C. Eumber company,  and carry  a  large  stock  of sash and  doors and all kinds of building material  Greenwood is the banking center for  the Boundary Creek dislrict. THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES,  ���,W-  I  'I  '-/;���' <<���' "'/-* <.Ai p'aw ?fpi  MR. RALPH SMAILES.  THE   WHITE   FRONT   STORE.  Messrs. J. C. Olson andM. J. Phelan,  the   proprietors   of.>the   White Front  Store,   are  among   the   pioneer   merchants of Greenwood.    They"opened in  their present  quarters  on  Greenwood  street in   June,   1896,   and  have  been  doing a large and   steadily  increasing  business since.    They carry a full line  of general merchandise, and do a large  family trade.    They   also have a large  business in the different mining camps.  Mr. Phelan, the  manager, isja-shrewd  business man, and   never  loses an opportunity   to  push   the  White    Front  store.    He believes in advertising. All  the roads leading to  thc-city ,are well  supplied    with   catchy   '.'ads," directing travelers to the White  Front.    He  also keeps his   advertisement  in   The  Times   alive   and   up ��td   date.      Mr.  Phelan   is  one  of  the  aldermen   and  chairman of the finance committee.  GREENWOOD   FLOUR   AND   FEED; CO.  The Greenwood Flour, Feed and Pro-  ���duce"compan3r beg-an business on Silver street about six months ago. The  members of. the firm are Messrs. A. B.  Campbell and George H. Croplej'.  The}' bii}r and sell all kinds of farm  produce and flour and feed stuffs of  every description. The firm have the  only market scales'in the city. Eoads  of any weight can^be weighed here for  a small fee.   ''..:.- -  Mr. J. M. 'Cropley, who does a large  wood business, has his office at the  firm's store. .  BANNERMAN   BROS,  Bannerman Bros, are a comparatively new firm in Greenwood. They  started business about a month .ago in  their own building on Copper street.  The members of the firm are J. J. and  David Bannerman. The}' are both  rustlers and are making- a strong bid  for a share of the business of the district. The}' carry a large stock of  groceries.   T.   Q.   BUTLER.  Mr. T..Q. Butler has the only harness shop in the city. He carries a  large stock of harness, saddles, etc.  Mr. Butler does repairing of all kinds  of leather goods.  _/*    _�����   i'.k"  ���liS       tiS       '/i&  V/f  ���>>*���  F    VOTERS   ���FOR    f  NORTH    WARD.  No. Name. Qualification.  '���":�����'���  ,1 Barrett, E. S.M..........jreal property  ."���. 2 Blizzard, W. S. C... real property  3 Bealey, R. J. ........real property  4 Beath, David real property  5 Bruce, James ..' real property  6 Bell, J. T. real property  7 Barnard, Frank S real property  8 Bond, Samuel....... ..real property  9 Beath, Alex....  ........real property  10 Blair, T. A.... ,.���.:...real property  11 Bennett, E. A.......... real property  ,12 Broten, H. H real property  13 Campbell, A. B .......real property  14 Coates, R. F. :...............real property  15 Christenson, M.... ...real property  16 Christenson, Annie C. real property  17 Currie, Duncan:...........real property  18 Cameron, J. B... ...real property  19 Currie, Alexander.....:......... license  ���   D  20 Davidson, John..:.........real property  21 Davidson, John C.......real property  22 Davidson, Robert........real property  23 Dillier, Otto..... .......real property  24 Elkins, F. R. M. real property  25 Elliott, H. R. ...... ;....���.,.real'property  ��� ���'.. F  '  26 Fletcher, W. S. real property  27 Feltoe, Arch.-"...... ....real property  28 Galloway, C. S. :.real property  29 Galloway, Jane ...real property  30 Galloway, Elizabeth ..real property  31 Gibson, W ..- real property  32 Graham, J. W. real property  33 Graham, D. real property  c 34 Gulley, John Janies householder  H  35 Howard," ������.....:. :-. real property  36 Hallett, I. H. ......real property  37 Hall, J............ real property  38 Hamill, John real property  39 Harris, W. C. real property  40 Hunter, Robert ...real property  41 Henderson, G. A. ..real property  42 Harber, W. J.^ real property  43 Hill, Eeslie .,���.:..��� real property  44 Hardy, Thos.  ...real property  45 Haering, C real property '  46 Haussener, Fritz:... real property  47 Herbert, Wm. ,B....- real property  48 Hanson, Andrew real property  J  49 Jakes, R. W. real property  50 Johnson,-S. M .real property  51 Johnson, Thomas. license  'K . ���'  52 Kidd, Thos. , real property  53 Kelleher, P. H ....real projDerty  C  No.  54  55  56  57  58  59  60  61  62  63  64,  65  66  67  68  69  70  71  72  73:  74-  76  77  78  79  80  81  82  83  84  85  86  87  88  89  90  91  Name.  Qualification.  ..real property  ..real property  O'Rourke, P. : real property  O'Neil, Kate .....real property  P   '���  Paton, W. B. ................real property  Paton, J. IST.  .real property  Phelan, M. J. ......real property  Phelan, Mrs. A... ..real property  Pion, J. ;.......real property  Powell, J. W. ...........real property  Porter, J. W. real property  Pretty, T. W... real property  R     -  Rendell, G. A, real property  Richardson,   _..0W.L....real property  Rice, Arthur M...!..."..... real property  Rolt, F."W ...:.....:real property  Russell, Jane .....real property  Russell, James A householder  92 Ross, Duncan... ...license  .,._-'...  93 Shaw, C. __) real property  94 Shipley, G. ...real property  95 Smailes, Ralph real property  96 Smith, George........; real property  97 Stirling, Walter real property  98 Stuart, Randolph real property  99 Snyder, Mike... real property  100 Stooke, Charles Wm.... license  T   ���  ���  101 Taylor, G. B. ........:.. real property  '     V  102 Verner, Henry householder  W  103 Wood, Robert ......real property  104 Wood, Elizabeth...:.-.....real property  105 Wood, M. J. M .real property  SOUTH    WARD.  No.  Name.  A  Qualification.  1 Angus, W. R.... ..real property  2 Asquith, W..H.., real property  3 Arbuckle, J. W. real property  B  "4 Barrett, E. S. M real propert3r  5 Bourke,  Alfred.... real property  6 Barnard, Frank S. real property  71 Barton, William S real property  8 Birnie, J. S real property  9 Black, A. H :' ....real property  10 Black, A.   S. householder  11 Bannerman, John J....real property  12 Bannerman, David A. real property  13 Bougard, D. M license  14 Berger, M license  15 Bedard, Joseph license  No.  Name.  Qualification.  16  17  18  19  20  21  Coates, R,' F. real-property"  Cameron, J real property  Campbell, D...... real property  Cropley, G. H real property  Christiansen. M ...real property  Crawford,  John A.....real property  22 Cropley, John.... real property  23 Cunningham, And real property  24 Coates, F. J.... real property  25 Gropley, Hugh  R real property  26 Campbell, Maggie.....real property  27 Currie, Alexander householder  28 Cameron, John; householder  29 Campbell, A. B license  D  30 D'Eath, Walter real property  31 Dillier,   Otto real property  ��/  Eamont, _ST_ JEL...... ..real property  Eawder, Arthur H ...householder  Eeplante, Nelson...:....!.............license  Earner, M. H............ ..license  ������������'' M  McDonald, ���-.. .real property  McCahdless, A. G.......real property  McMahon, J. real property  McKenzie, John. ......real property  McFarlane, R. W.��� real property  McDuff, JD. renl property  McEaren, John ............real property  McDonnell, Thos.. ..rearproperty  McEeod, Annie..-. real property  McEeod, Alex. .............real property  McClintock, E. S. V...real property  McEwen, Ellen............real property  Murphy, F.. 1. ..real property  Morris, N..... ......real property  Miller, Thos. .....real property  Minkler, Jessie ............real property  M ' '���  Naden, G. R.   Naden, Mrs. G. R...  v s. '1  "I  &  W'^r'  mi  /  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES,  SOUTH   WARD   EIST   OF   VOTERS.���Continued.  :No.  Name.  _>  Qualification.  32 Dean,'Mattie real property  33 Dempsey, Charles A..real property  34 Derosier, John....... real property  35 Desbien, Mary..... ;.householder  :. E   . -  36 Eklurid, Carl E-   --���--i*eal property  37 Elliott, H. R  ...real property  .38 Erwin, James T...........real property  .39 Evans,. Richard T.......^.householder  F   ;-.  40 Fisher James.....;..... real property  41 Fullmer, Frank.. ...real property  42 Fletcher, Ella................real property  43 Fera, Frank.................real'property  44 Fisher, Adolph ..householder  45 Foust, Julia ....householder  G    ���������-���  46 Gibson, W .....real property  47 Gregg :..real property  48 Guess, Geo. A .: real property  49 Gordon, W. E. C._ real property  50 Garland, T. A ...real property  .51 Gibson,  William..........real property  52 Gillis, Duncan..............real property  53 Gillan, John...'. .....real property  .54 Graham, Margaret......real property  65 Gome, Frank :...���.! householder  56 Gulley, Thomas M.  ........license  57 Greenwood, Eouis,... license  '     H  -58 Hodgsou, G. T. real property  59 Hallett, I. H.. real property  60 Hall, J...... .. real property  61 .Hamill,  John ...........real property ,  62 Hardy, Thos........ real property  ���63 Harris, W. C: ...........real property  64 Hutchinson,! Bert real property  65 Hatch, F. M..................real property  ���66 Haering, Charles resl property  67 Hanria, Wm......... ���..real property  68 Hallett, Ellen real property  69 Holmes, Fred B..........real property  \  J   .  70 Jones,   S. .....real propert3'  71 Jermyn, J........ .......real property  72 Jolly, Henry ,.,.: .real property  73 Johnson, S. M ..... '.. .real property  ';   ��� '" ..'    .  K  74 "Kerr, Janet S..... .real property  75 Kay, Mark ......ihouseholder  76 King, H. A...... ."........license  77 Keith, W. S... .. ..license  L  78 Lamb, H. M:....  real .property  79 Eeamy,   Andrew............householder  80 Eougheed, Isaac .......householder  81 Eamont, Neil'.: license  M  -82 McDonald real property  83 McDonald real property  84 McKague, G. A .......real property  85 McMann, Mrs. M. K..real preperty  86 Mackay, G. D.. ...real property  87 McEwen, Eizzie real property  88 McCandless, A. G real property  89 McCleery,  Greta real property  90 McCleery, Dora ......real property  91 McKee, Hugh.......'. real property  92 McMann, F. K real property  93 McMann, W. R. ..real property  94 Ma'chell, James...... .real property  95 Medill, W. E- .- ...real property  96 McDonnell,   Thos........real property  97 McDitff, Dan... rear'property  No.  Name.  Qualification.  M  98 Mickle, Olla ...........real property  99 McCrae, D. C... ...real property  100 Mowat,  Andrew..:.......real property  101 Miller, W. M..................real property  102 Maloney, M :...... real property  103 McKay, Hvgh ..............real property,  104 McEaurier, A. P. ..real property  105 Mitchell, John H..l.......real property  106 McKenzie, John..........real property  107 McKenzie Kenneth ...real property  108 McArthur, C. J ..............householder  109 McDonald, John ..;...:.....householder  110 Mason, Albert .......householder  111 Munroe, Hugh B license  112 McElmon, D. R......;. ..license  113 Mickle, O.F.........;.....................license  N  114 Nelson, W. J........ ....real property  115 Naden, G. R .....real property  116 Nelson, Susannah........real property  117 Nash, E - ;................license  o.'���'���"���  118 O'Eoughlin, P. J ...real property  119 O'Eoughlin, Maria.....real property,  ���'���'��������� R   :���  120 Paton, W. B.;..... ..real property  121 Porter, J. W........ .real property  122 Parry, Evan..... ...real property  123 Pretty, T. W.......:.... real property  124 Palmer, W. D... ........ ...real property  125 Pittock, C. R .......: ..real property  126 Powell, W. J.... ...........real property  127 Phaneuf, Albert ..........real pioperty  .    R ;  128 Rendell, G. A... ..real property  129 Roberts, K. A '-. real property  130 Ross, Duncan.. .....householder  131 Russell, James  A...: ...."....:...license,  132 Robins, Wesley O  . ........license '  133 Robins, Alfred W..... license  134 Smailes,  Ralph... ...real property  135 Smith, F. B real property  136 Sansom, C. W... ...real property  137 Steele, J. E .; :......real property  138 Sully, J. E-   ~~ ...........real property  139 Stirling, Walter real property  140 Smith, Duncan ............real property  141 Sutherland, Eulu ........real property  142 Sutherland James real property  143 Sharpe, Philip P. real property  144 Smith, George .real property  145 Sullivan, D ..real property  146 Stanton, Mary A....; householder  147 Stuart, Angus K householder  T  148 Thomas, Arthur T.......-.householder  W  149 Wickwire, E- T...........real property  150 Worgan, A. D ...-. .real property  151 Wood, B. E real property  152 Wood, Emma ...real property  153 Wood, Hugh J real property  153 Wood, Christopher real property  154 Wood Robert..;....: real property  155 Wood, Elizabeth..........real property  156 Winters, J. J ............real property  157 Werner, C. E  ..real property  158 Wartman, J. W  real property  159 Wilcox, A. M ...real property  160 Witmer, A. G ��� real property  161 Wilkins, D. A license  162 Weeks, Ernest license  ^fggOT^���iT���sy-g���^iciyr^'Tadiwrnr"^^  W-   M.   LAW   &   CO. ���  A firm which has rapidly enlarged  its business is that of W. M. Eaw.&  Co. Mr. Eaw beg-an business in Anaconda. He was a member of the firm  of Miller & Eaw. East March the  partnership was dissolved and . Mr.  Eaw moved to Greenwood, opening out  in the Barrett block with a well-as-  .sorted stock of general merchandise.  The business of the firm increased  rapidly. In October a branch store  was opened at Niagara, Mr. E. T.  Wickwire being the manager. Recently a  branch  store  was  opened at  Camp McKinney with Mr. J. B. Moody  for manager. Mr. Eaw is an experienced business man and has a keen  eye for new   opportunities   for increas  ing- his trade.  M.   E.   FRAZEE.  Mr. M. E- Frazee has a well-appointed grocery and bakery in the  Hamill block on Copper street. His  bread has an established reputation in  the city. It is always good. Mr.  Frazee also carries a small but well-  selected stock of staple and fancy  groceries, also tobaccos and all kinds  of smokers' articles.  ?,%?&*  MR.  G. ARTHUR RENDELL. .  [Mr. Rendell, the senior member of the firm of  Rendell & Co., has fairly good grounds for  damag-es because of the publication of the  above cut. He is a much better looking-man  than the illustration shows.] <  BOUNDARY   CREEK   LUMBER   CO.  One  of   the   first necessaries   in   a  growing town is   an  ample  supply of  building material.    Many towns have  been retarded  by  scarcity  of lumber  and the difficulty  of  securing  a  local:  sawmill.    Fortunately  for Greenwood  no such condition obtained here.    The  Boundary Creek Milling  and  Etimber  company    began    business    here    in.  January,   1896, practically  before  the  town started.    The firm has continued,  in business, increasing its plant, until  now  it   can  fill   all   orders   on  short  nolice.  The members of the firm are Messrs.  A. Fisher and E. Blue,both experienced  mill men. Mr. Fisher has charge of  the mills in Boundary Creek, while  Mr. Blue looks after the Kootenay  business, the firm having a large mill  at Rossland.  The first mill was erected in the city,  five acres having been secured for a  millsite near the Sutherland addition.  This plant has a capacity of 20,000 feet  a day. The mill is well supplied with  planers and all the requisites pf a first  class mill.  East 'summer' another large plant  was placed in position on Eholt creek,  about nine miles above the city. This  mill has a capacity of 30,000 feet, a day.',  A.drying kiln has been erected at the  Eholt mill with a capacit3' of 35,000  feet. This mill will be able to turn  out 12,000 feet daily of dried lumber.,  It is the intention of the firm to erect  a larg-e sash and  door   factory   oil   the ���  Greenwood millsite.    This  will   prove  a great convenience to builders.  .  The Boundary Creek Milling and  Eumber company are at present employing; 45 men, the pa\rroll being- oyer  $7,000 a month.  Connected with the Greenwood, mill  is a well-equipped bottling- works, of  which Erich Siburg-is manager. These  works turn out all kinds of aerated  waters and soft drinks. They also supply the local trade with bottled beer,  the product of the big Eion Brewery,  Rossland, of which company Mr. Blue  is president. f^_^p*��jw:  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES.  �����<�������<��>�����<�������<�������<�������<��>����� ������� ��e�� a ������������ ����������� a �������<����<��>���<��>�����<������� <*�� e <����-��^����-��^c^o^a>-��-<��^��^8��>-^>w^��^e^s^c^e^o����-o^a>-e^��>-<^����>-��-4c*-g-<a>^^  ARRY   a   select   stock of Pure  Drugs,    Patent    Medicines   and  Druggists  Sundries,  including  Sponges/ Soaps, Trusses .j   and  Tooth,  Nail,  Hair  and  Clothes   Brushes/  f? Also an elegant line of Solid Gold,  Gold^filled, and Silver Watch  Cases and Movements in Waltham, Elgin, Columbus, Sun Dial,  etc/| Watch and Neck Ghains, Rings, Bracelets, Sterling Silver and Plated  Ware, Optical Goods, etc,  Watch Repairing Promptly Done and Guaranteed.  ���������<tMKIMH��^t>.(>^^��N8��a^��t^��^lM^��HH������<��-t-W>.��<l>-fr��>-K������<����<<l>-l *tt* ��� <6> ���-W��-��<l��>-��-<*��-��^t  ����*���������*���> 9 <9*.��^f>^Me>m^9P-��^m  ih>i*mn  R��5*,  Tbysicians' Prescriptions carefully and accurately compounded.  THE   BIG   SUMMIT   CAMP    MINE  A Brief Description of the Development Work  Done on the B. C. Mine.  The B. C.  mine  is  one  of  the  best  developed  and  best  known properties  in the district.    It  is  located  in Summit camp, about ten miles from Greenwood.    In   1897, Messrs.  Harrison and  Barchard,     representing     themselves  and wealthy Englisheassociates, bonded the property for $60,000 from  John  Keough and  sons.    They  began work  in August, 1897.    A  plant, consisting  of a 60-horse-power boiler, a  four-drill  compressor and a small  hoist was secured.    A force  of  30  men  was  kept  continuously at work for 12 months. A  shaft was sUnk  for 165  feet.    At   the  50-foot level a drift was  run   along the  ledge, there being 400 feet of drifts and  crosscuts at this level.    The next level  is at 150 feet, where there  are  300 feet  of   crosscuts   and  drifts.     The  ledge  widened materially.    It is 15 feet wide  at the 50-foot level and 70  feet wide at  150 feet.    The ore averages 10 to 12 per  cent. copper, 6 ounces silver  and $3 in  gold.    The shaft  was  started  in solid  ore,  which   continued  down to the 50-  foot level.    From there for  70 feet the  ledge takes a dip, but the shaft catches  the ore again at 150 feet, and continues  to the bottom.    There are three dumps.  The first  dump  contains 1,200 tons of  high-grade  picked  ore and the second  good shipping  ore, while  the   third is  waste.    In August   1898   the  last payment on   account  of  the  $60,000   bond  was made and the mine closed down.  Manager Harrison says there are  20,000 tons of high grade ore in sight.  When the railway comes a little nearer  a large plant will be purchased for the  property. The mine is ready to maintain continuous shipments at any time.  There are rumors to the effect that  several flattering offers have been  made for the property. It is stated  that the price asked is $500,000 cash.  The mine and development work has  cost about $100,000.  T. M.  GULLEY   &   CO.  AN   EXPERT'S   VIEWS.  Mr. R. H. Hedley, manager of the  Hall Mines smelter, who spent several  months examining Boundary Creek  properties, says :  , " Speaking of possibilities, however,  I consider that they are far greater in  Boundary Creek district. There the  variety is greater and a perfectly self-  fluxing ore is.obtainable. .- Once transportation is had, development will be  pushed and plants will follow, ores will  be treated both by direct smelting for  matte and by previous concentration.  Should the coal on development prove  to be of good coking quality, and in  sufficient quant^, a plant with a large  capacity will treat ore as cheaply as  anywhere on the continent. Even in  bringing in coke at a cost of $12 per  ton laid down, I have no hesitation in  saying that a 250 ton plant���two furnaces���using steam power, will smelt  at a cost not to exceed $3.25 per ton."  Thomas M. Gulley & Co. are the only  furniture dealers in the city. They  carry a well-assorted stock of furniture and furnishings in the Flood  block, Copper street. Mr. Thos. M.  Gulley, the senior member of the firmr  was among the first business men in  Greenwood, arriving here in the spring-  of 1896. He and his brother, J. Gulley,  are skilled workmen, and many of the  excellent pieces of furniture sold in  the store are the product of their own  handiwork. They are also competent  undertakers. Their business has increased very rapidly and they have  had the necessary enterprise to rise to  the requirements of the city and district by adding to their stock, until  now they have  a  furniture  store that  will compare very favorably with anything of the kind seen in the larger  coast cities.  H.   B.   MUNROE.  Greenwood is the   most  orderly min-  ine: town in British Columbia.  Mr. H. B. Munroe is the pioneer stationer of Greenwood. He has a cosy  store on Copper street, where one can  get a choice cigar, any of the periodicals or the latest novels. He also-  carries a large assortment of fruits,  candies, soft  drinks, etc.    Mr. Munroe  is a mining man of considerable experience, and is brimful of information concerning Boundary Creek:  properties.  Boundary Creek is the most advantageous smelting point. Many of the;  ores are self-fluxing.  ST* THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES.  THE BANNER PROPERTIES.  j  v:.-  _a\.  -hf��  The Knob Hill and Old Ironsides lines  in Greenwood Camp,  ENORMOUS  LEDGES  OF   RICH   SMELTING  ORE   BEING   SYSTEMATICALLY  OPENED   UP.  HE illimitable mineral resources,  the boundless possibilities, the  undeveloped wealth, the poten-  -tialities and the many other hifalutin  phrases that do  duty  in  almost every  -write-up of  new mining  districts, are  no strangers to Boundary Creek. They  ���did duty  when  the  district was in an  undeveloped  condition,   and occasionally   they   are   heard  to-day.     These  phrases sound well, but  they  did  not  and do not bring  the  district  a large  ^population   of   happy   and   contented;  people.    After all that is what the district requires.    It will become an ideal  mining  district   when    the   hills   are  teeming with  contented  miners, each  ���doing his share of  the work of producing wealth, and when the valley is the  .scene   of a  large   commercial  center,  progressive   and   prosperous   because  adjacent   and   tributary    thereto    are  many mines which are producing sufficient wealth to  pay  men's  wages and  return their owners  handsome profits.  The development of the mining properties and the construction  of railways,  while  they   bring   a  temporary  prosperity, are  simply agents forming the  backbone  of  every  mining  district���  Tegular and permanent shipping mines.  Individual mine  owners  and  incorporated   companies  are   now  making  strong   efforts  towards   placing  their  properties on shipping bases.    At the  present time probably the most extensive preparations  are  being made by  the Old Ironsides Company, Etd.   This  company and its sister company (if this  term   is   permissable)   the Knob Hill  Gold Mining company, are the product  of the genius of  Mr. Jay P. Graves of  Spokane,  one  of  the shrewd  mining  operators  of  that  city, famous in the  Northwest  for   its  successful  mining  men.  Mr. Graves acquired control of the  ���Old Ironsides and Knob Hill properties in 1895. He was fully convinced  that he had secured properties which  could be made paying mines and believing this, it was not a difficult matter for him to make others agree with  his view. The result was the organization of strong financial men into two  mining companies. The Old Ironsides  company was incorporated with a  capital of $1,000,000. Mr. S. E. Riggs,  a prominent Spokane druggist, is the  president ; Mr. Jay P. Graves, vice-  president and managing director, and  Geo. W. Wooster, teller of the Exchange National bank of Spokane,  .secretary-treasurer.  The Knob Hill Gold Mining company has a capital of $1,500,000. Mr.  S. H. C. Miner of the famous Granby  ;Rubber company, is president; Jay P.  Graves, vice-president  and managing  director, and A. E. White of Montreal,  secretary-treasurer. Mr. Miner owns  a large number of shares in both companies.  The companies' properties are situated in Greenwood camp about six  miles from the City of Greenwood.  There is a good wagon road to both.  They were located when the old mineral  act was in force and consequently are  600 feet by 1500 feet. Both are crown-  granted.  It will take some time to positively  determine the mineral formation of the  claims. Either the hill on which they  are situated is one solid mass of ore or  contains a series of wide parallel  ledges. In all probability the latter is  the correct assumption and both claims  contain more than one of those enormous ore bodies which are striking  characteristics of Boundary Creek mining properties. ''"'"  Up to July, 1897, little had been done  on these properties.    There was a shaft  60 feet deep on the  Old  Ironsides, and  the famous ore showing  on  the  Knob  Hillhad an  open  cut  16  feet deep, 5  feet; wide,   and   crosscutting   an   ore  body for  85   feet, showing   no   wails.  Manager Graves sent J. F. Hemenway  in, amply supylied with   funds to prospect     both      properties     thoroughly.  Through July  and  August,   1897, Mr.  Hemenway  "gophered" and  made his  reports.    These reports must have had  weight, for  in  September  Greenwood  camp���in   fact   Boundary   Creek   district���saw its first  steam   mining machinery installed upon  the  Old Ironsides mine.    The plant  consisted of a  50-horse. power  boiler, a  hoist, a No. 5  Cameron osinking   pump,   two    Eittle"  Giant No.   2   Canadian   Rand   drills.  Mr. Reid C. Crowell  of  Bossburg  had  charge    of    this    work.     Substantial  buildings  of  logs,   shaft   house, bunk  houses, cook house and office buildings,  were erected by Superintendent Hemenway, and much  development was done  during the  following winter  with this  plant.    The shaft was sunk from 60 to  170  feet, and  a  drift  was  driven  108  feet at the 100-foot level, which crosscuts  the ledge for 80 feet.    The ore  here doubles the surface  values.    The  showing during this period encouraged  the company, and an increase of plant  follow-ed in   July   and  August,  when  one-half of  a  Canadian Rand   duplex  t10-drill   air  compressor   was   installed  under direction  of  Mr. E. M.  Aldrich  of Rossland. A No. 7 Knowles sinking  pump  and   three   No. 2>)i   drills were  added to the plant.    An  80-horsepower  boiler and the  other  half  of  the compressor plant are now  being installed.  Since putting in   the  first   half  of the  air compressor, the Old Ironsidef shaft  has been sunk   to   the   200-foot  mark  and  a  crosscut  of 275  feet  from  the  shaft   to an   air-shaft   that   is   being  sunk on the east   side  line,   shows   up  231  feet  of  ledge  matter, 83 feet of it  being solid  ore  of double  the  values  obtained at the 100-foot level.  In May of this year a tunnel was  started on the Knob Hill to crosscut  the ledge similar to the big cut. This  tunnel crosscuts the ore body diagonally, and is now in 394  feet, every foot  in ore of good values. There are about  7,000 tons of or^ on the Knob Hill  dump, and tfre local management of  the property assures us that if there is  a pound of waste on the dump they  haven't found it. The drills in the  Knob Hill tunnel are operated with air  conducted through a 2-inch main from  the joint compressor plant in the Old  Ironsides.  The ore from both properties is excellent smelting ore, carrying its own  fluxes. The surface values from the  Old Ironsides run from $9 to $12, from  $12 to $30 at 100 feet, and from $15 to  $50 at 200 feet. Knob Kill values are  similar. Were there any facilities for  shipping, each property could be shipping at least 100 tons a day, and with  increase of plant it is difficult to estimate possible daily shipments.  It will be seen, that both companies  are how utilizing the one plant for the  development of their properties. The  buildings are located on the Old Ironsides. They consist of a shaft house  and compressor room, office, sleeping  and boarding house, and superintendent's residence. Owing to the large  number of men now employed, a large  boarding house will be erected convenient to the workings on both properties. An excellent water supply is  secured through pipes fron an underground stream on the Victoria claim.  In additioii- to a good water supply,  both properties are heavily timbered,  insuring plenty of fuel for several  years. .^  The companies are fortunate in  securing good men. to locally manage_  their properties. W.^Y. Williams^ the  superintendent, has a long and successful experience" in the management of  mines. For several years he was superintendent of the Sierra Nevada mine  in the Cceur d'Alenes. J. F. Hemenway, the agent for both companies,  is an experienced business man, who  will successfully look after the increasing business in connection with the  employment of so many men. The  foreman, P. J. Dermody, is in immediate charge of development work.  There are now 40 men employed, and  the payroll amounts to nearly $5,000  per month.  The Phoenix, _Etna, Fourth of July  and Victoria, adjoining claims, are  owned by shareholders in the companies. Some development is being  done on these properties.  The Old Ironsides and Knob Hill  companies have plenty of working  capital. The shareholders are some of  the 'prominent moneyed men of the  country. They own two of the most  promising properties in the district.  They are making every effort to make  their mines shippers. With transportation facilities and cheap treatment  they are sure to materially assist in  making Boundary Creek ah ideal mining district, by employing a large  number of men, by producing wealth,  and by securing for themselves handsome dividends on the capital invested.  Any point in the Boundary Creek  district can be reached by a good  wagon road from Greenwood. n  ��  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES.  ��  *  Each Department complete in itself and consists of  the following linesY  GROCERIES  RROV/S/ONS  ��~C_J  1__*  ^#-  M  EW'S  SHING GOODS  We  carry  one  of the  largest and  best  selected stocks  in   the   District  and cater to all the different trades, viz,, Mining Camp, Hotel, Family, ��.c.  Everything   Strictly   First-class.  ,,,,GENERAL MERCHANTS,,,,  Barrett Block  Copper Street  GREENWOOD  1   ox ,j NIAGARA,   B.C.  Branch btores at i _ , ,,,_ , r  ( CAMP McKINNEY, B. C.  I       *^    _  ^-        _  e>&iiQt*V4W~&4B>&<0>4tM  %  I I-  /  :{  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES.  PUBLISHED  BY  The Boundary Creek Printing & Publishing  Company, Limited.  Duncan Ross....:............,...:.... .........j...Editor.  "W. J. Harber...........0.. ...���.:;... ....Mariag-er.  Advertising-Rates are One Dollar per inch  per month.   I/egfal notices, 10c. and 5c. per line.  No"quack" or remedy ads. inserted at any  price.   Subscriptions are due in advance; other  accounts payable monthly, o  Address all communications to  ,   The Times,  Greenwood, B.C.  ���Subscription, $3.00 per Year, in Advance.  SATURDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1898:  AN   EXPLANATION.  ., Several photo-engr/avirigrsintended  dfor this number are under the care of  -the postoffice department. As we have  had considerable experience in connection with the mail service in this district, we think it unwise to delay the  publication of the Special Number  with the expectationof seeing" the cuts  before Christmas. We particularly regret the absence of these illustrations  because one showed the citv fathers  and city officials. The Holiday Number is anything- but complete without  them; The list also includes Wv M.  I/aw,& Co.'s store, Russell Hardware.  -Co.'s store,  and  Rendell & Co.'s dry  g-oods establishment and bonded ware-  liouse. ���������;���'  COMMERCIAL   ASSOCIATION.  There was a fair attendance at the  meeting of the Greenwood Mining and  Commercial association held in Ren-  Kiell & Go's hall Wednesday evening.  President Anderson was in the chair.  Several of the committees 'appointed'  at the first meeting made reports.  The committee appointed to  draft a  letter, to Mr.  James Martin, M'.' P. P.,  urging appropriations for needed pro-  -vincial improvements,' submitted copy.  They suggest $3,000 for a road from  Boundary creek  to White's camp, and  .$1,500   for    the    continuation   of   the  Deadwood camp road  to Copper camp.  The   committee   pointed out   the importance of these roads and also stated  that much money was required for improving present roads  and extending  them   to   outlying    camps.      An   appropriation was asked for the 'fire department and for the hospital.    School  matters were declared  in  a  very unsatisfactory   condition.      Present   appropriation   should    be    increased   to  .$3,000 for a suitable/school  building, a  living salary for a  principal should be  provided and salary for  an  assistant.  Provision  should  also  be  made for a  caretaker, etc.  The committee re appointment of a  customs officer, in a letter to the  minister, urged the importance of  jhaving a customs office here, and as  there was already an inland revenue  .office, he could be induced to do the  duties of both offices for extra compensation.  The committee on improved mail  facilities pointed out the importance  of a daily eastern mail, and suggested  that pending the construction of the  ���C. P. R., Eastern Canadian mail could  be   sent   via   Chicago   and   Spokane.  A committee   to suggest changes in  the mining laws  was appointed.    Mr.  Hodges, superintendent of the Vernon  and Nelson Telephone company, was  present and explained that the delays  on the line were caused by the American company, over which they had no  control, neglecting to keep their line  in repair.  The   association  adjourned  for two  weeks.  GREENWOOD AND  DISTRICT.  Mr. G. B. Taylor, the city clerk, left  on Wednesday for* Nakusp. Although  no reasons were given at Monday  evening's meeting of council why leave  of absence should be granted the clerk,  it is generally understood that Mr.  Taylor -will not return alone. .The  object of his visit to Nakusp is to  secure a better-half in the person of  Miss Jane Caldwell, a well-known and  popular school teacher, who taught in  the Okanagan district; The happy  event is to take place on the 28th inst.  The Times joins Mr. Taylor's  many friends in extending congratula-,  tions.  BARBERS.  There are three barber shops in the  city. Messrs. Fred Hilbert and Chas.  Dunne have a tonsorial, establishment  on Copper street, next to Smith &  McRae's; H. M. Stevens runs the  Windsor hotel barber shop, while Mr.  Tracey has charge of the barber shop  in the Pioneer hotel buiiding.  THE   GEM   CIGAR   STORE.  The Gem Cigar store, Frank Miller  proprietor, is situated on Copper street.  A large and well-selected assortment  of cigars and tobaccos is found here,  also fruits and confectionery.  Pipes and cigars at cost. M. 1$.  Frazee, Copper street. *  HUGH CAMERON, Proprietor.  Best Brands of Wines, Iyiqnors and Cig-ars.  Good   Stabling.  And LUNCH COUNTER.  Meals at all, hours.  .   . Open Day and Night.  Private Boxes. punches put up.  Fresh Eastern Oysters Daily.  WERNER & PITTOCK, Proprietors,  COPPER STREET - -���- GREENWOOD,  B. C,  Is the Best Scotch Whisky  -and���  The Best Canadian.  SOI,E AGENTS:  .   P.   RlTHEXT  &   CO.   Ivtd.  VICTORIA     B.C.  W.   JAKES,   M.D.,   C.M.  Office:   GREENWOOD HOSPITAL,  Greenwood, B.C.  OIDNEY S.   OPPENHEIMER, M.D., CM.,  Thysician and Surgeon.  Office over Bank of B. N. A.,  GREENWOOD,  B. C.  r%R-   d.   E.   SCHON,  mci&n <xnb j��?ur<$eon.  Eng-lish Qualifications. \  Office  and  Residence,���Barrett   Block,  GREENWOOD,  B.C.  g     H.   HALLETT,  {��<%xt\&ttxt ��&o(k\tQif  NOTARY   PUBLIC.  GREENWOOD,   JB.O.  OJWcLEOD   &   WHITESIDE,  Barristers and Solicitors,  Barrett Block, Copper Street,  greenwood.  CTORBES   M.   KERBY,  Assoc. Mem. Can. Soc. Civil Engineers,  (protmtctdf jfednb ����utt>e$ov  AND CIVII, ENGINEER,  ��� Qtofar_ (puBtic -- midway,   b. g.  J      CHRISTIE,   M.R.C.V.S.  (EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND)  Dominion Veterinary inspector.  All  Domestic  Animals   treated   on   scientific  principles.  Residence   -   -   -   -   GREENWOOD, B.C.  QHARLES AE. SHAW,  Givil   Engineer,  ��ommtoit tmb (prot>mctaf ��tmth |&ur��egor.  GREENWOOD,      -       B. C.  ^_  (���7) "+-S  O  Q  o  o  ft  ft  ��  ��� t*. ���. ���'.  <3   ���-  ��� o u  U  o >  a +j  ���:3W  a >_  u  P  �� r^  a  o  o  ��  as  ���d  a  <3>  a  S  ���X  w  CO  a>  a  G. A. GUESS, M.A.  H.  A.  GUESS,  M.A.  UESS SffOS. v  ers & Chemists,-  G-REENWOOD, B. C.  ���*  GREENWOOD  *���  *  imiBt,  B.C.  Mines Examined aud Reported on.  ���f,--:i THE   BOUNDARY, CREEK   TIMES.  % An,  V_��      7   ,*  jjy��il  -  7~  ��* V*  ��> ; 'i  V  _>'-  **. "t    y  V  *     ~  v  _ ' v  *K  <  V  1  rj *���  " ;  V       ���     r  f.  i **  / r  M   *  *  *  ^*.<  f     f  *ll?   I1   V %  ���4  /  *s  '   i  \1 *  ��_  Vf  \ >  /  I"1 \nt  f s - rr of $&/%&  No. 7 Mine, Central Camp.  UPPER   GRAND.   FORKS.  -  The town of Upper Grand Forks has  been   sold    to   an   eastern   syndicate,  represented   by   Mr.  A.   W.   Ross,  of  Toronto,   and   J.   B.   McArthur.    The  deal   was   closed   this   week.     Upper  Grand   Forks  townsite  is   about   one  mile this side  of  the  lower  town.    It  - lies along the  Kettle  river where  the  valley is  wide.    It  stands  on   a  considerable   elevation   above  the   river,  admitting- of drainage  and precluding  the possibility  of  floods  during  high  water.   .The town also  enjoys another  advantage over the  lower  town, inasmuch-as  it has  been  selected  by the  Canadian Pacific Railway company as  the  best point  for a  railway station.  The   railway   station   for   the  Kettle  River valley  will  be  located  about a  quarter of  a  mile   above  the (present  upper town, and  over  two  miles from  the   old  town  of  Grand  Forks.    The  owners of  the  townsite  were  Messrs.  Chas. Hay and  Neil   McCallum.    It is  understood that  they   sold  for a large  price.  Mr. A. W. Ross, one of the principals in the deal, was in, Greenwood  over Sunday and confirmed the report  of the sale. He was a conspicuous  figure in Manitoba politics several  years ago, and also was one of the  leading real estate men in Vancouver  after the big fire.  It is understood that the owners are  being backed by the Canadian Pacific  Railway company, and that it is the  intention to make Upper Grand Forks  the chief center for the Kettle River  valley.        . :."'  '  '  A   NEW   HARDWARE   CO.  The Nelson Hardware  company'  has  made arrangements   with   Mr. Neil H.  Xamont  of   Greenwood   to  establish a  hardware   business   in   the   city.    The  members   of    the    Nelson     firm    are  Messrs.   Wilson   &   Hume,   both    experienced hardware men.   A new block  is being erected   for   the   firm   on Copper    street.      They   expect   to   begin  business about the first of the year and  will carry a larg-e stock of goods.    Mr.  Lamont is an experienced plumber and  tinsmith.  If your Watch is tired  TAKE   IT   TO  WA T C H MAKER,  GREENWOOD  And have it fixed rig-ht. . Over 30 years' experience, and the most complete stock of material  with which to do work correctly.  uaaj_uw.il i ii���aim  SQUARE   HOUSE.  (0  UJ  m  ft:  o  Greenwood City, B.C.  _&  E.   S.   WEEKS   &   CO., Props.  Eirst-class Accommodation.  Stag-es from all parts pass the  door.        .-..,'  I  _����_  SQUARE   TREATMENT.  ^�����millUllllMllllllUM������M* .��i-.1J.ii-���r  CORYELL'S MAP, Price; $1.25.  To Subscribe for any of the Leading Magazines  Write for Rates to  Vi e  .MIDWAY  B.C.  FRUIT 4- PRESERVING 4- COMPANY,  VICTOR/A,   B.C.  Manufacturers of :  Candies,   Mincemeat,   Orange,   Citron  and Lemon Peels.    Preserves and  Marmalades.    Pickles and  Vinegar.  We claim withoutexceptiou to make the  Purest  and   Best - Selling   Goods , in  Canada.  Ten Gold Medals and 20  Diplomas  and every  prize in Western Canada for purity.  NOTICE  KOTICE is hereby g-iven that application  will be made to the I^eg-islative Assembly  of the Province of British Columbia at its next  session by the " British Columbia Telephones,  I/td.-.," (a company incorporated in England un--  der the Companies' Acts, 1862 to 1893, Imperial),  hereinafter called "the company " or "the said  company," for an Act confirming arid conferring upon it the powers of "the said company "  as the same appear in the Memorandum of Association deposited in England with the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies ; and giving the  " said company " power to acquire, exercise arid  take oyer all rights, powers, privileges, franchises aridassetsheld by the "NewWestminster  and Burrard Inlet Telephone Company, Limited," and the "yernon & Nelson Telephone  Company," and vesting the same in " the said  company," and to assume the liabilities entered  into by the aforesaid companies, and for the  conferring upon " the said company " the  powers to purchase, lease, take o.ver^ or otherwise acquire the rights, privileges, franchises,  powers and assets of any company in any part  of the province of British Columbia having  similar objects to " the company"; and to  amalgamate with such other company or com"  pauies, and to operate and carry on the business of' the aforesaid company or companies  so acquired or to be acquired, and for the  conferring upon " the said company " of all  such powers, as may be necessary to fully and  completely carry on and operate the works-  aforesaidvor any of them, and of other powers.  '��� Dated this 30th day of November, 1898  McPHILIvIPS - '&.- WILLIAMS,  118-7 Solicitors for Applicants.  MINERAL,   ACT,    1896,  Certificate   of   Improvements,  V./:--^QT/pHi'--';--:;-;;:;VV:;-.;>-;'::  HAMILTON   mineral   claini,   situate  in   the  Kettle River mining- division of Yale district.  Where located : In Skylark camp.    n  TAKE NOTICE, that I, William James  Harris, free miner's certificate No. 79,645,  intend, sixty days from the date hereof,  to apply to the Mining Recorder for certificates-  of improvementSj for the purpose of obtaining"  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under'  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 12th day of November, 1898.   114-9'  Save Money by purchasing your Ticket direct  from Greenwood to points on the Coast or East.  OGJSJ\T<J     TO -GCEAN;:.:--  .' .  ��� w        ..... . n  ',.'���:''   Without change of Cars, via  And S00 PACIFIC LINE  consisting of palace-  dining cars; elegant  tourist cars and free-  Solid vestibule trains,  sleeping cars, luxurious  day coaches, magnificent  colonist sleepers.  The only line running through tourist  from the coast ��  WINNIPEG,  MINNEAPOLIS  ST.   PAUL,  TORONTO,  MONTREAL,  BOSTON,  TO  Lowest rates to  and from  I  Via all Atlantic  Steamship lines-  Canadian Pacific Ry. Co.'s  Royal Mail SS. Line to. Japan and China  These twin-screw steamers  are in  every  re~-  spect superior to any ships that have yet sailed  the   Pacific   ocean.     The   route   is   300 miles-  shorter than via any other Trans-Patific line.  ���sR-  tic  Canadian-Australian Steamer IvINE;  ���TO���  Honolulu, Fiji and Australia.  The   shortest   line   to the   Colonies.   These-  steamers   carrj^  an  experienced  medical man  and a stewardess on evei^ voyage.  For time tables, pamphlets, or any  informa--  tion, call on or address  S. L. SMITH, E.  J.  COYLE,  Agent, Dist. Pass. Agent,  PENTICTON. VANCOUVER.-  D. R. McELMON, Local Agent, Greenwood.  ;;-f j  ���i-i'  :.j, ��� ' t i ���&������:  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES.  \  e"j5i  r. ���.'.,"��� &  S.  BRESLATJER. .      L.  I.   OSTROSKI. R.   BRESLAUER".  The Greenwood City Mercantile Company.  THE   SNOWSHOE   MINE.  The Snowshoe is  situated in Greenwood   camp,   about   six    miles    from  Greenwood.    It is one of  half a dozen  big- properties that have made Greenwood the banner camp of  the  district.  The Snowshoe is   a  full  claim   and is  crown-granted. It .is owned by Messrs.  Thos.    McDonnell,    R.    Denzler   and  Robert  Wood.    It  was  bonded  to the  Kootenay  Development  company, last  spring for $65,000.   When the company  secured   the  property   a  70-foot  shaft  had been sunk, also a 17-foot shaft and  considerable drifting and crosscutting.  The Kootenay  Development  company  sank a shaft 170  feet.    At the  70-foot  level a crosscut was  made for  a distance of ,38 feet  in ore, and at 120 feet,  175 feet  of  drifts   and   crosscuts were  run.    Two ore veins were encountered  about 100 feet apart.    One  vein  is  40  feet  wide, while  No. 2 vein  has been  crosscut   from the footwall,   but   the  hanging wall has not yet been reached.  The ore  is copper pyrites  in a mixed  gangue of calcite, with   some specular-  ite   and   iron  pyrites.    From  the  old  17-foot shaft values of  from $10 to $50  in  gold  and  from  3  to  16  per   cent.  copper have  been  secured.    Analyses  made by Geo. A. Guess, M. A., clearly  demonstrate that the ore is self-fluxing.  No work has been done on the property since last August.  Corporation of the City of  Greenwood*  Single copies of this special issue,  ready for mailing, may be secured at  The Times office.    Price 25 cents.  BY-LAW     NO.     12.  A By-law Respecting the Municipal Election  for the City of Greenwood for the Year 1899.  The Municipal Council of the Corporation of  the City of Greenwood enacts as follows :  1.���The nomination of candidates for the respective offices of Mayor and Aldermen of the  City of Greenwood shall take place at the Court  House in the aforesaid city on Monday, the 9th  day of January, 1899, from 12 noon to 2 p.m.  2.���In case more than one candidate for  Mayor is nominated, the vote of the electors for  candidates for the said office shall be taken by  ballot in the Court House, Greenwood, on  Thursday, the 12th day of January, 1899, from  8 a.m. to 4 p.m.  3.���In case there are more candidates nominated for the office of Alderman,in any ward  than there are vacancies to fill up, the vote of  the electors for the candidates for the said  office shall .be taken by ballot on the 12th day of  January, 1899, from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., in the  Court House, Greenwood.  4.���That any and all electors, otherwise qualified, shall be entitled to vote, notwithstanding  the rion payment of taxes, rates and assessments due and payable hy such electors to the  Municipality of the Corporation of the City of  Greenwood.  5.���G. B. Taylor is hereby appointed the Returning Officer at the said elections ; and A. H.  Lawder is hereby appointed Deputy Returning  Officer.  6.���This by-law may be cited as the " Municipal Election By-law, 1899."  Passed the Municipal Council the 12th day of  December, 1898.       .  Re-considered, adopted and finally passed the  Council the 19th clay of December, 1898.  [L.s.] ROBERT WOOD,  G. B. Taylor, c.m.c.     , Mayor.  THE above is a true copy of a b3T-law passed  by the municipal council of the corporation of the City of Greenwood on the 19th day  of December, 1898, and all persons are hereby  required to take notice that anyone desirous of  appljdng to have such by-law or any part  thereof quashed, must make his application for  that purpose to the Supreme Court within one  month next after the publication of this by-law  in the British Columbia Gazette, or he will be  too late to be heard in that behalf.  G.   B.   TAYLOR,  City Clerk.  Boundary Valley  Lodge,  No. 38, I.O.O.F.  EETS every Tuesday  .    1   Evening   at   8.00  in  their lodge room at Greenwood, B.C.   A cordial  invitation is extended to all sojourning brethren. M. J. Phelan, N.G.  G. R. Naden, Rec. Sec.  /_.   F3.   <5c   /_.   M,  .GREENWOOD LODGE, A. F. & A. M.  Regular   Communication   first    Thursday   in  everv month.    Sojourning brethren  cordially  invUed. J.   C.   HAAS,  C. Scott Galloway, W.M. Secretary.  Capital, all paid up,  $12,000,000.  Rest $6,000,000.  President:  Lord Stratkcona and Mount Royal.  Vice-President:  Hon. George A. Drummond.  General Manager E. S. Clouston.  Branches in London (England),  New York, Chicago,  And in the principal cities in Canada.  .$[�����    _��i��-    _V��-  Buy and Sell Sterling Exchange and  Cable Transfers ; (Grant Commercial  and Travellers' Credits, available ' in  any part of the World.  Drafts issued,   Collections  made,   etc.  Greenwood Branch,  F. J.  FINUCANE, Manager.  MINERAL,    ACT,    1896.  Certificate   of .Improvements.  NOTICE.  Queen of Spades Mineral Claim, situate in the  Kettle River mining division of Yale district.  Where located: In Central camp, lying southerly of and adjoining the Jack of Spades  mineral claim.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Edgar A. Bennett,  free miner's certificate No. 20689a,- issued,  at Victoria on the 3rd day .of November, 1897,  as agent for and on behalf of the Lillooet,  Eraser River & Cariboo Gold Fields, Limited,  free miner's certificate No. 91874, issued at Rev-,  elstoke, B.C., on the 29th day of June, 1898, intend, sixty days frorii the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown grant of the above claim.  And fitrther take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced befoi'e the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 3rd day of November, 1898.       115-8  MINERAL  ACT,   1896.  ��� Certificate of improvements.  NOTICE.  NETA Mineral Claim, situate in the Kettle  River mining division of Yale district.  Where located:. In Brown's camp, about one  mile south of the Iron Cap mineral claim.  TAKE Notice that.I, Edgar A. Bennett, free  miner's certificate No. 20689a, issued at  Victoria on. the 3rd da.y of November, 1897, as  agent for aud on behalf of the Lillooet, Fraser  River & Cariboo Gold Fields, Limited, free  miner's certificate No. 91874, issued at Revel-  stoke on the 29th da}r of June, 1898, intend, sixty  days from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 4th day of November, 1898.       115-9"  MINERAL,   ACT,   1896.  Certificate   of   Improvements.  NOTICE  Ten Broek Mineral claim, situate in the Kettle  River mining division of Yale district.  Where located : In Deadwood camp.  TAKE notice that I, Martin M. Welsh,  free miner's certificate, No. 14362a, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply  to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of  improvements, for the purpose of obtaining ,  a crown   grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 7th day of November, 1898.       114-9 H  ���'I  "I.  /.-"  ��_h. y^ffi^-������������.���  ~.,.fj]  a&S_i\__JSg_g$j!-i:  ,   <vv;��: . v.. !4U     >  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK    TIMES,  X  Finds us at the front and still forging ahead, In reviewing  the past year's business we are more than satisfied with its  progress and advancement The district generally has been  prosperous, and the prospects for the coming year are most  encouraging. New people are- daily coming in looking for  investments and making preparations in advance of the  spring rush, We are also oh the alert for more business  and to cater to the public wants, and are making prepare  ations to meet the demand in a manner that- will assure us  of your patronage and support, if you are looking for a  modern  store  with  up^to^date  goods  at  right prices,  s  s  XI  **>/-*  /���  and fair dealing is a motto we have always observed, and  with a continuance of that principle we are sure "That what  we have we can hold/' What we have not, we can offer  sufficient  inducements  to   secure.  For the large share of public patronage bestowed upon  us since we have been in business, the public have our most  grateful thanks, In the future, as in the past, we will endeavor  to merit a continuance of the same; and in the respective lines  we carry we believe we can do better for you than you can  either  import  or  purchase  elsewhere,  the Season's Greetings and Best Wishes for a Prosperous New Year,  We  remain,  Yours  faithfully,  MW;I  P*K  S#i  A  If  m  ^*|p��S^i_��^  ���  -#!S*jKiiWSW^4j*S��S*��^  lim ^^^^^^^^m^m^m^^^ **��� ^^w^*^*^  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES;  A Big Property  With  a  Large   Amount  of Development  Work  Huge Bodies  of High  Grade Ore,   Owned   by   a   Strong  Eastern Company,  "- TT STRANGER unaccustomed to  / \ niines or a mining camp would  - 'be more impressed with the  Winnipeg mine than possibly any-  other property in the district. When  one goes down the 300-foot shaft and  ," wanders through the hundreds of feet  of crosscuts and drifts, he cannot help  being impressed with the bright,  pyritic ore which glitters in the candle  light. Nor is it the stranger alone  who is impressed with the property.  The experienced miner comes to the  conclusion, after examining the property, that the values are there and  that there are large bodies of high-  grade ore.  The Winnipeg has  always been considered one of the  crack  properties of  the district.    It is situated in Wellington camp about  eight  miles from the  City of Greenwood.    It is  a fractional  claim,   containing 33% acres,   and   is  crown-granted.      The  Winnipeg   was  located in June  1895  by  Duncan  Mcintosh,, one of the pioneer prospectors,  to   whose pluck  and   perseverance  is  largely due the  prominence which the  district   has   attained.    Mr.   Mcintosh  set to  work . single-handed to develop  the property.    He  ran drifts and sunk  shafts until he had the  satisfaction of  uncovering   sufficient  ere  to    demonstrate that the Winnipeg-was no ordinary property.    Flattering  offers  were  made  for the development of the property, but all were refused.    Mr. Mcintosh had the greatest confidence in the  property, and  he  determined  that  he  would have a share in  the  profits as a  recompense for the trials  of the early  prospecting days.  Mr. Mcintosh had a promising claim  arid it was not a difficult matter to get  financial men interested. In July 1897  the Winnipeg Mining and Smelting-  company was incorporated with Duncan Mcintosh, president and managing  director; D. H. Beecher, treasurer, and  W. F. Honey, secretary. Messrs.  Beecher and Honey are prominent  North Dakota bankers. They and  their immediate friends have acquired  sufficient of the treasury stock of the  company to provide ample funds for  the development of the property. The  stock of the company is practically not  for sale, any sold is to the friends of  the present shareholders. Mr. Honey,  the courteous secretary of the company  now resides at the mine.  The company started to work in  November, 1897. Up to the present  they have sunk a shaft 300 feet. As  an example of the energy displayed in  the development of this mine, it may  be stated that with twelve men working two shifts 200 feet  was   sunk in 54  days. There is over 1,000 feet of drifts  and crosscuts at different levels. More  work has been done on this property  than on any other mine in the district.  The drift at the 50-foot level is in continuous ore. The drifts at the different  levels run through several chutes of ore.  On the west side of the. claim, ad.-  joining the Golden Crown, another  shaft has been sunk in from 1)4 to 3  feet of high-grade ore. On the east  side another shaft has been sunk, the  drift running through 17 feet of solid  ore.  The ore is a pyrrhotite. About a  year ago 5 tons were taken to the  Northport sriielter from the - 35-fool-  shaft east, and from the 50-foot drift  in the main shaft. The five tons  averaged $74.41 to the ton in gold and  about 44 cents in silver. From tests  made the average value for all ore is  over $40 to the ton, Assays run from  $5 to $800 per ton.  In December last year a plant was  purchased from the Jenckes Machine  company and installed on the property.  It consists of a 35-horsepower boiler, a  6x8 friction hoist, a No. 5 Cameron  pump, 400 feet of cable arid all tools  necessary to develop the mine.  A visitor to the mine is impressed  with the care that has been taken in  properly safeguarding- the working.  Under Mr. Mcintosh's superintendence everything is kept in the best  condition. The double-compartment  shaft is securely lined on all sides with  lumber. All the underground workings are strongly timbered. The buildings are substantial and the machinery  is always in the best condition, thanks  to the care of Engineer Smith.  The mine is well situated. It is near  the summit of the divide, giving a  down-hill haul in either direction.  The mine can be placed on a shipping basis at any time. With transportation facilities a steady daily shipment of from 60 to 75 tons could be  maintained. Until the railway is constructed the present force of men will  continued.  The Winnipeg company began and  continued work in the right way.  Sufficient money was placed in the  treasury to insure no delay in the development on account of lack of funds.  The property has been opened out  systematically, and as large bodies of  high grade ore have been uncovered,  there is every assurance that the Winnipeg is going to be a big dividend-  payer.   The Canadian  Pacific Railway company promise that the  Robson-Bound-  arY Creek railway  will  be  completed  I  by September, 1899. '  BEALEY   INVESTMFNT   AND    TRUST   CO.  Under the modern   methods of doing-  business, a  bank   is   a necessity   in a  commercial center.    The banker is the  middle, man   between  the  retail  merchant and  the  wholesaler.    He is also  a' g-odsend  to the  business < man who  finds   himself temporarily in  a  tight  place and wants a little ready   nioney.  In the absence of a chartered bank, the  opening df a branch of  the Bealey Investment  and  Trust  company   was a.  boon to the Greenwood  business  men.  The Bealey  company started at Rossland.   Mr. R.J. Bealey,   a  well-known  capitalist,   being  the  president.    The  Greenwood branch   was  opened in the  spring- of 1897, Mr. Bealey being- president,   Mr.  G.    W.    Richardson,   vice-  president,   and   Mr.   Geo.   R.   Naden,  managing   director.    Mr.   Naden   was  peculiarly   fitted  for  the  position   he  held in  Greenwood.    He  has  a larg-e  amount   of   business   judgment    and  enterprise.     His  investments  for  his  company    were   sound   and    he    soon  secured a big and  safe  banking business for his firm.  The Bealey. company have made  heavy investments in real estate and in  mines in nearly all the camps in  Boundary Creek district. It represents  some of the strongest insurance companies.  About the first of next year a branch  will be opened at Camp McKinney,  where the firm has acquired some valuable mining interests. It is also*  heavily interested in the townsite at  that point.   MILLER   BROS.  Messrs^ Miller  Bros, do  business  in  their own  building   on   the   corner of  Copper and Greenwood  streets.    They  have a nice store front and the interior  is prettily finished in   white.    Mr. M.  F. Miller  is  an  experienced  pharmacist.    He  is  a  member  of  the  B.   C.  Pharmaceutical association. The stock  of drugs  is  large  and  well-assorted.  The firm carries patent  medicines and  druggists' sundries  of  every  description ; also  smokers'   articles.     Physicians' prescriptions  are put  up  with  care, and   the  firm has  established  a.  reputation for  pure  drugs.    Mr.  Geo.  F. Miller  is   an  experienced jeweler.  This department of the firm's business  is kept  up  to  a  very  high  standard.  There   is   a  full   line   of   clocks  and  watches  and  every  kind  of   jewelry.  The firm make a  specialty  of  Christ-  goods, the stock in  this  respect being-  large and varied.    Miller Bros, began  business in Greenwood in June, 1896.  A.  H.   SPERRY   &   CO.  A. H. Sperry & Co. began business  in October of this year. They erected  a neat store on their own lot opposite  the International hotel and carry a  big line of groceries. Mr. Sperry, the  senior member of the firm, was the  Spokane agent of the Spokane Falls  and Northern railway for several  years. After the road was sold he resigned and decided that Greenwood  was the best point in which to begin  business. Judging from the rapid increase in the firm's business, Mr.  Sperry's judgment was sound.  if..  !������  31  !l.  If  nv.MW*i-,r-e"ii  in THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK    TIMES.  8fr��&46>_*��S  _od(.��r.s-tm__a-^ra?^^fca-3��  Sam Bresivauer.  ctw Ef  .. IL/  DEALERS  (��,nb W^ofeBdfers of TJJinee^ J&iquotB dnb ��%&t0  ��  Manufactured by the Okanagan Flour Mills Company, Armv  strong, B,C, It is the best Flour in the market The American  Journal of Health says % " It would be impossible that the O, K,  Flour could disappoint when used for baking purposes, for it does  not sour \ it is uncommonly light in bread, and also preserves a  beautiful white color/'������  EPS'  SUPPLIES  A SPECIALTY^Everything required by  the Miner and Prospector is to be found in our store,  !m!?!!?Hm??m?.l!?!!m!!!f!????m?m?!f!????!??H?f?!!r?  We have the best goods obtainable and are ready to sell  them at a reasonable profit, We have had a long experience in  the business > know just what you want, and it will pay you  to deal with us, We carry a well^assorted stock of every line  usually found in a general store,  We  are  Sole  Agents  for the  ��Ms> Jjk> ��Ms Jjk ��^ *M& *fe ��fjs5 ��%> <^> ��^> *^ *^ *^> *f^ *^ *f^> *f^ *^ *^ ��^ ^ *^ ^ ��^> *^ ��l^> *|U ��=f^*f^ *^ *fb  Tlie Greenwood City Mercantile Company,  i ^gp^  p  u  ��  -fw... in. ,..   ..in    .iiiLil'.l'IUIlll..MLI'.llHl.llH_Il��a  nac=M_jmi,.._.. I���mm.' inr-  i-o-<o>-o-flcp-o-<i>p-o-���� e-s-4<n  iraM*��__&_��K_2H;i>iS^^  ^j$fi_?S&!i^i^^ w_w_ nBU_*_.fafT��  U4 vp  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES.  __i i'jjiuar t_* _  TH_=   GREENWOOD   BANKS.  Three Chartered Banks Have Branches in the  City of Greeuwood���AH Are Strong Financial Institutions���Incidents Connected With  Their Opening in the City.  THFRF are three  chartered  banks  in  Greenwood.    Up to November  2nd, 1898, the  banking business of the  city and district was transacted by-the  Bealey Investment & TrustJ company.  On   that   date   the   Bank ��of ^British  North   America   and    the.ji Canadian  Bank of Commerce opened branches in  the city, and ten  days  later  the Bank  of Montreal had a   branch  established  here.    The opening of two chartered  banks on  the  same  day  created  considerable excitement in the  city.    Mr.  W. Godfrey, manager of the  Bank of  British North America at  Vancouver,  and  W.   T.   Oliver,   manager  of   the  Rossland branch, were  in  Greenwood  three or four days before opening.   On  the    evening    previous,    Mr.    H.   H.  Morris, manager Bank of  Commerce,  Vancouver, and  Mr. Scott of  the Fer-  nie branch, arrived  quietly in the city  and   at   once   made  preparations  for  opening a   branch.    They  rented  the  Cosmopolitan restaurant  building and  were  soon  ready  for  business.     The  Bank of B. N. A. .officials  also went to  work, and by  daylight   next  morning  both institutions were ready  for business.    On the  day  of  opening the arrangements in both buildings  were almost ludicrous.     Mr., Godfrey  began  business  by  cashing  a  cheque   on   a  billiard table, which had  not yet been  removed from the  building, while Mr.  Morris utilized one  of ������ the  restaurant  tables.    Since then the buildings have ���  been fitted up for bank purposes.  Mr. G. A. Henderson, manager of  the Bank of Monlreal, Vernon, opened  a branch in Greenwood about ten days  later. The establishment of three  chartered banks in the city was celebrated by a sumptuous banquet, tendered by the business men to visiting  bank,managers and resident bankers.  The three banks, which have  branchs here, are among the strongest  in Canada. The Bank of Montreal has  a paid up capital of $12,000,000, a reserve fund of $6,000,000, and undivided  ���.KV"WiraK_HE" rrwr  ���y,injt��.i.if i'*<ffH  '5 __,",��� ri"S(r5yBD��y_yv,jF  '__JVSBB___sarar._l usrX  ��  ._ |      r,        profits of $981,328. It was established  in 1817, and its officers are : Rt. Hon.  Ivord Strathcona and Mount Royal,  president; Hon. G. A. Drummond,  vice-president; E. S. Clonston,, general manager; directors, A. T. Pater-  son, W. C. McDonald, Hugh McLennan, R. ,B. Angus, W. W. Ogilvie, F.  B" Grenshields, and A. F. Gault. It  has forty-five branches in Canada, including eight in- this province, viz.,  Greenwood. Nelson, New Denver, New  Westminster, Rossland, Vancouver,  Vernon and Victoria. It has its agents  in all points of' Great Britain, and in  the United States, also its own branch  in Chicago, and in St. John's New-  foundland. The assets of the bank  amount to $69,6S1;593.82. Mr. F. J.  Finucane is manager of the Greenwood branch, his assistants being  Messrs. Strickland and Sev'tnour.  The Bank of British North America  ���has a paid -up capital of $4,866,606, a  reserve fund of $1,387,000. Its London office is at 3 'Clements lane. The  head office in Canada-is in Montreal.  ���Mr. H. Stikeman is general manager  'arid Mr. J. Fmsley, inspector. The  bank has twent}T-one branches in  Canada, including seven in British  Columbia and one in Dawson City.  Provincial branches are at Victoria,  Vancouver,   Rossland,    Kaslo,    Trail,  Slo-*nn City and Greenwood. The  bank was established in 1836, and from  its inception has been noted for its  enterprise in opening branches in new  localities which promised future bnsi-  ness. It was .the first bank to open in  British Columbia., having its branch in  Victoria in 1853. It also had a branch  in Barkerville during the Cariboo excitement. It was the first to open in  -Dawson City, the first m Rossland,  and it ran a dead heat with the Bank  of Commerce in Greenwood. The  Greenwood branch is in charge of Mr.  J. Anderson, and- Mr. J. W. Smith is  his assistant.  The  Canadian  Bank  of  Commerce,  established in 1867, has its  head   office  in Toronto ; capital paid up, $6,000,000,  rest, $1,000,000.   The board of directors  are :   Hon.   George  A.   Cox,   Toronto,'  president;    Messrs.    Robert    Kilgour,  Toronto,   vice-president;   James  Cra-  thern,   Montreal ;   Matthew    Leggat,  Hamilton ; Wm. B. Hamilton, Toronto ;  J. W. Flavelle, Toronto, and John Hos-  kin, Q.C., LIv.D., Toronto.     Mr. B. F.  Walker is general manager ; Mr. J. H.  Plummer, assistant general manager ; ,  Mr. A. H. Ireland, inspector,   and  Mr.  M.   Morris,   assistant  inspector.    The  bank  has    the     largest    number    of  branches of any bank in Canada, with  agencies in  New  York,   New  Orleans  and   Chicago,   and   correspondents   in  nearly   every   important  city   in    the  world.    Up to 1893  the  bank  confined  its operations in Canada  chiefly to the  province of Ontario, but  in   that  year  the Winnipeg branch was opened under  the management  of  Mr.   F.   H.   Mat-  thewson.    During the  present  year   a  branch, with Mr. H. T. Wills as  manager,  was  opened  in  Dawson,   where  the bank acts as government agent for  the collection of royalties paid  by  the  Klondikers.    Branches have  also been ���'���  opened at the following points in British Columbia : Vancouver, with Mr. H.  H. Morris manager ;  Fernie, Mr. T. R.  Billett, manager;   Cranbrook,   Mr.   J.  W. H. Smythe,   manager; and  Green- :  wood, with Mr. D. A. Cameron manager  The branch here was opened by Mr.  Morris on the 2nd November, and at  present occupies temporary premises  on Greenwood street, but. a handsome  and commodious office is being erected  in the Bealey block, which will be  ready for occupation early in the spring"  The illustrations on this page show  the Bank of Commerce and the Bank  of B. N. A. the day of opening  Greenwood.  in  ..i .:���  i 5  I  If  ���II, THE   BO  DARYCREEK   T  ___B____B  However, as a rule, the more copper  present the more gold, but it also seems  to be certain that the gold is not in  the copper pyrites, for the reason that  the ore can also be concentrated toa considerable extent, and the concentrates,  which are from 25 to 30 per cent of the  ore concentrated, carry from 50 to 65  per cent of the copper present and all  the gold.  Some gold, however, exists in a free  state, as from 30 to 50 per cent, can be  amalgamated.    Sufficient values have  been  found   to   demonstrate  that the  Mother Lode ore is of sufficiently high  grade to warrant permanent work to  be undertaken on a  scale commensurate with the vast promise of the property.    In this connection it is interesting to  compare  the  average  tenor of  the ore treated  by one of the large  Butte . mining   companies���the    Anaconda   Copper  company.    During  the  year   ending*   June   30th,   1898,  there  were raised from   the   mines   of  this  company   1,441,538   tons   of   ore,    the  yield from  which  was  4.26  per  cent,  copper, 3.48 ounces  of  silver and 1-100  ounces gold.    In money  this  is $11.22  per ton.    The cost of treatment was  $7.89 per ton, leaving a profit of  $3.33.  While it is not  always  a safe procedure   to   institute   comparisons   between   mining" districts   whose  conditions are  not  entirely  similar, still it  would seem that, given  a  very   large  ore   body,   in   an   accessible  country,  low prices for coke, and tenor of ore so  far as now known, considerably higher  than that of the mine  named  above���  that, g"iven these  things, all of  which  the Mother Lode  has',   or.   will have,  upon the adyent  of  railroads, there is  no good reason why  the  mine  cannot  be made a heavy  producer of copper-  g-old.  The owners appear to be filled with  the same impression, for they are going to work on a large scale. Last  spring Mr. Keffer went east, and during" his visit in New York a hew company was organized for the purpose of  acquiring and developing   the Mother  Fngine Room, Mother Lode.  Lode and adjoining properties. The  company was called the British Co- '  lumbia Copper company, limited. The  promoters are the shareholders in the  Boundary Mines company, with a few  additional capitalists. Mr. F. L. Underwood, New York is president of the  B. C. Copper Co.; Mr. JamesTichenor,  New York, vice-president, and Mr. W.  L- Garey, New York, secretary ; while  the resident manager and agent is Mr.  Frederic Keffer, M F. The company,  is capitalized for $1,000,000, divided  into 200,000 shares of $5 each. Shortly  after incorporating 30,000 shares were  placed in the treasury and were at  once sold.  The company at once purchased a  powerful plant for James Cooper & Co.  of Montreal, representing the Inger-  soll-Sergeant company. The machinery consists of one Ingersoll-Sergeant  Class A"���.- air compressor, 18 x 24, for  operating 10 drills ; two 60-horsepower  horizontal   tubular   boilers  with  feed  water heater and necessary pumps;  one steel air receiver ; air drills for  compressor, 3% inches in diameter;  all necessary mountings, hose, etc.;  one Northey-Cameron pump for water  stations ; one Knowles sinking pump ;  one Lidg-erwood hoisting ��engine, 30-  inch drum. There is also an electric  light plant for lighting shops, engine  houses, shaft and permanent ways,  consisting" of an Fdison 50-light  dynamo and a six-horsepowef> engine  to* operate same. The machinery is  housed in substantial ��� buildings . that  covering the boilers and engines having concreted floors, and a bath-room  for the men.  The machinery was started on September 27th and at the present time  the shaft is down about 180 feet. It is  the intention to start a drift from the  200-foot> level, and so to begin the  second stage of laying" out the work  preparatory to actual mining of ore.  The shaft is located near the dividing  line of the Mother Lode and Primrose  claims. It has two compartments,  each 4)4 by 5, and is timbered with 12.  x 12 timberso throughout. .  SMITH -.'&   McRAE.  Fngine House, Mother Lode.  W. F. Smith and D. C. McRae began  business in Greenwood in May, 1897.  They opened on Copper street with a  small stock, but their business grew so-  rapidly that they found it necessary to-  enlarge their store. The firm.carry a  large stock'of every kind of goods that  one usually finds in a stationery, store.  They are agents for all the local maps,  including Coryell's map of Boundary  Creek district, Johnson's map of Greenwood and Wellington camps, and the  Townsite map. The firm have the  agency for the Vernon and Nelson  Telephone company, and the longdistance telephone is located in their  store. They bought extensively for  the Christmas tra^e-^this year, and  have on hand a large stock of holiday-  goods.  *&Wi^^j__��iJ,>s*��4^S*__l__.^  T~V_.'  "f. :"*" ~" '^ " r:"" -'"t^-  MK^ifcrwaiAtf."  i    \  _^|r*  __t��=iU_'tl _ _ j, THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES,  A Boundary  Creek Property  With  an   Enormous  Body of Ore,  It   Is   Now  Being   Developed  By a Very Powerful  Mining Plant,  A COMPANY with plenty of working capital, an efficient and progressive management, and the utmost  confidence on the part of the owners in  their property, are the factors that are  rapidly developing the Mother Lode  claim, and placing it in a position to  become a large producer of ore.  , Fverything about the Mother Lode  is built on a large scale. The distance  at right angles across the ledge is 185  feet; the plant which is now installed is the largest that was ever  purchased to develop a British Columbia property; the shaft which is  being sunk is the largest an the district; the timbering and lining of the  shaft are Jthe heaviest, and the company owning the mine have placed" a  large sum in the treasury for the development of the property.  The Mother Lode is situated in Dead-  wood camp, about three miles from  Greenwood. It was located when the  old mining laws were in force, and is  consequently 1500 x 600 feet. It was  bonded in June 1896 by Colonel John  .Weir, for Messrs' F. L. Underwood,  James F. Tichenor and himself, all of  New York: The Boundary Mines  company was organized by them and  development work on the Mother Lode  claim was begun under the management of Mr. Frederic Keffer, __. F. of  Anaconda. The work was begun in  September, 1S96, and lias been continued almost without interruption  until the present time. After a little  exploratory   work  had   been   dene  on  Shaft and Gai^ows-Frame, Mother Lode.  the surface, a crosscut tunnel was  started near the west line of the claim  and about 600 feet from the lower end  line. The tunnel was run in 246 feet.  A winze was sunk 152 feet from the  mouth of the tunnel to the 100-foot  level, where considerable crosscutting  was done.  It has, often been stated that the ore  in the Mother Lode was of too low a  grade to pay mining and treatment.  The development work has conclusively proven that such is not the case,  but that the average values are higher  than those of many of the big dividend  paying mines of Butte.  A brief description of the development work will prove interesting because it will show that the Mother Lode  ore is of sufficiently high value to pay  handsome dividends if proper facilities  for treatment are secured.  In the tunnel the ore found immediately next to the limestone wall  was of fair quality, but beyond this,  up to 146 feet from the mouth of the  tunnel, the grade was- low. At 146  feet ore having much higher values was  found, and this,ore continued for a  distance of about 80 feet, or to within  20  feet of  the   hanging   wall.    From  Frecting Machinery at Mother Lode.  here to the hanging wall the ore was  low grade. The average values in the  tunnel were much higher than-the surface values, still, taken as a whole,  there was but a very moderate amount ,  of pay ore found in the tunnel. The  inclined winze, sunk for 100 feet near  the center of the tunnel, disclosed considerable good ore near the bottom,  and a crosscut, run for a distance of 87  feet, showed a large quantity of ore of  fair grade to exist at this depth.  The mean assay value for the first  six feet of crosscut towards the foot  wall, taking all rock, ,was $18.50 per  ton. For the first nine feet it was  $15.50 per ton, and for 12 feet it was  $12 per tori. Assorted ore, that is ore  with the waste taken out, assayed on  an average $20 to $30 for this 12 . feet.  The best ore ran $45, and the copper  values were about twice the gold  values. When the crosscut was turned  towards the hanging wall, 38 feet of  good and bad ore averaged $8.50 per  ton ; ore with waste removed gave,  for the 38 feet, $13 to $17 per ton. The  ore here is fairly uniform, although one  section of about 6 or 7 feet ran about  $15 unsorted. From 60 feet to the  hanging wall, 11 feet farther, the ore  greatly improved. From 60 to 65 feet  the mean value was $10.50 per ton, and  with waste out $18 per ton. From 65  feet to 71 feet the mean value was $16  per ton, and with waste out it was $25  per ton.  All the assays referred to do not include silver values, as there' is seldom  more than three to four ounces present,  usually less. None of the assays were  made for show, but were all made  from wheelbarrow samples. That is  from every barrow and bucket of ore  taken out of the mine a few pieces  were placed in a box, and at intervals  representing about each two feet in  the crosscuts, the contents of the box  were broken up for the sample.  The proportions of gold to copper  vary greatly at times : As a rule, ore  carrying nearly pure copper pyrites  with very little iron pyrites is very low  in gold. The most gold is in ore where  the copper and iron sulphides are intimately associated. ..,_ff_-B&�� p~fl l-?^,r__  irr>r(.r;-T|rr._.y.  THE   BOUNDARY   CREEK   TIMES.  if  ii  J*  l,h  11  BUILDING IN GREENWOOD, 1898  A Conservative Estimate of the Value of Improvements During the Year���Some Large  and Sufestantiai Business Blocks Were  Erected the Past Season.  BY   R.   F.  COAXES,  CONTRACTOR   AND   BUILDER.  A VISITOR  who has been in other  mining towns is, upon his arrival  here, at once impressed with the substantial looking business  blocks  and  the neat residences.    Usually mining  towns spring up  in  a  hurry, and are  built   in   a   hurry, and   the   result  is  flimsy structures that  are  an eyesore  until the time, when , the town is  built  on a  more permanent basis and the  cheap   wooden   buildings   malfe   way  for brick or stone.    The position  has  been   different   in   Greenwood.      The  growth  of  the  town  has been rapid,  but it never enjoyed a boom.   Business  men   built   good   buildings  from  the  very start.  During 1898 a large number of business blocks have been erected.' It is  difficult to give an exact estimate of  the cost of the building's erected, as no  record is kept, and many small residences have been built in all parts  of the city. The cost of each is small  but the total is quite a large sum of  money.  Below is given a detailed statement  of the building operations during 1898.  Several small buildings may have  been missed, but it will give a fairly  good idea of the value of improvements  during 1898:  Barrett block, Copper street $ 6,000  Flood block, Copper street    2,500  Bannerman Bros, store, Copper..   1,500  McKag-ue block, Copper street...   1,800  vButler, harness shop and store,  Copper street   Burns' building, Copper  street..  St. Charles hotel, Copper street..  Miller Bros., drug store, Copper  street ....  Sperry & Co., store, Copper st...  'Hardy, building, Copper street..  Windsor hotel, Copper street........  Restaurant   arid   barber   shop,  Copper street;.���....:..:,. :���..���   Rendell & Co., store, Greenwood  street.....:. :.... ...:........;:y........  Restaurant, Greenwood street....  Assay office, Government street  JBarrett, residence, Government  street ......;:.:.........;...;...,.....:....    4,500  Rendell   &   Co.,   bonded   warehouse, Government street.......       850  .Rendell & Co., Inland Revenue  ; office... ...:.,...,.................       300  Barnard, store, Government st..    1,700  Barnard, residence, Long Lake  street       900  Pioneer hotel���additions....  2,500  McKenzie,  residence.!..  400  Greenwood hotel..  2,500  ���Ottawa house ���;.'..;  1,200  -G. H: Collins, residence...  900  L. Ostroski, residence :.  700  A. N. Other residence.....  650  Cohen, building"  2,000  800  700  1,700  1,000  1,200  800  2,600  700  2,000  400  300  Palmer, residence..........   Campbell & Cropley, store....  Fdwards, residence.   G. B. Taylor,  residence   FHiot residence   Porter residence   R. Wood, residence addition.  500  500  600  800  700  450  750  Barnard, basement  Bealey-Flood, basement  S. Shaeffer, building       P. Burns & Co., meat market  Roman Catholic church  Thos. Miller, store   Keough, building    .   .   ....  Weidmark, residence ...  Sundry small residences  Repairs and excavating  Total        900  1,500  1,000  500  .   -.1,800  400  .    1,900  600  10,000  3,000  $69,200  GREENWOOD   HOTELS.  The lack of hotel accommodation  often discourages investors from coming into a mining camp. No fear need  be felt on this account in Greenwood.  There are at present six hotels running  and two others in the course of erection. Guests will find comfortable  quarters at any one of them.  The Pioneer Hotel was the first hotel  opened in Greenwood. The proprietor,  J. W. Nelson, began in a modest way,  but has been continually enlarging to  meet the demands of increasihg business. The Pioneer is situated on Government street.  The old log Windsor Hotel was removed to the rear of the lot to make,  room for the large three-storey Windsor of to-day. The present proprietor  is F. Weeks, an experienced hotel man.  The Windsor is heated by hot air,  lighted by acetylene gas, and has all  the modern conveniences.  The; Imperial, a three-storey hotel,  stands on the corner of Copper and  Greenwood street. It is heated by hot  air and has all other modern conveniences. The hotel was opened last  year and has done a large business.  Grahame & Parry are the proprietors.  The International, a two-storey hotel,  is situated on Copper street. It has a  big share of the hotel trade. The proprietor is O. F. Mickle. The hotel is  comfortable, being heated by hot. air  and lighted by acetylene gas.  The Commercial Hotel, a two-storey  building, is situated on Copper street.  Its proprietor is Hugh McKee, and the  house secures a full share of patronage.  The Greenwood, a new building in  the Sutherland addition, is a  comfort  able hotel, of which D. M. Bongard is  the proprietor. It is a two-storey  building with large rooms and every  comfort.  A. Bourke is building the Ottawa  House on the Sutherland addition, and  Bedard & Berger will shortly begin  business in the St. Charles, a new two-  storey hotel just completed.  Mr. H. Y. Anderson, of Brooklyn,  has purchased a site and will build a  60-roorn hotel before spring.  FRATERNAL   SOCIETIES.  The fraternal societies are well represented in Greenwood. The pioneer  society is Boundary Valley Lodge, I.O.  0>. F. It was organized in March,  1897, and has now a membership of 45.  It holds its meetings every Tuesday  evening in Rendell & Co's hall.  Court Boundary, I. O. F., was organ-  i-n June, 1897.. It has about 25 members and holds meetings in Rendell &  Co's hall the last Thursday in each  month.  A local lodge of Free Masons was  instituted here about six weeks ago.  They, have their own hall over Gulley.s  furniture store, and meet the first  Thursday in each month. The membership is increasing-rapidly.  F.   K.   McMANN.  The... amateur photographer, like  many other people, is born not made.  It is impossible to convince kodak  fiends of this fact. That F. K. McMann has the nutural gift is evidenced  by the number of views of Greenwood  and surroundings, which he has taken  and finished. The City of Greenwood,  the R. C. church, the city council, the  banks, and several other views appearing in this number were photographed  by Mr. McMann.  During the last two years nearly  $500,000 was expended in the district  in developing properties and purchas-  ihg mining machinery. Ten of the  big mines are using steam plants.  Other companies are negotiating for  the purchase of plants to be placed at  the mines during the winter.  ;BIWB^feW^aM.lH_amMlA!J'M��aui.�����ii��iki._.m


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