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Bella Coola Courier 1917-09-22

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 /  IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCEL-  LENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  BELLA COOLA OFFERS ATTRACTIONS  EQUAL IF NOT SUPERIOR TO ANY TO  BE FOUND   IN  BRITISH  COLUMBIA.  VOL. 5���������NO. 40  BELLA*COOLA��������� B. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1917.  $1.00 a Year  War News for the Week  Tuesday: London.-British naval airplanes last Saturday drop-  prl lunb3 on Gsrrnan destroyers and trawlers along Belgian coast  between Ostend and Zeebrugge, hitting' one destroyer and sinking one trawler. Troops of British and Scotch regiments made  successful raids on German trenches in Arras and Somme regions.  Many Germans were killed in their dugouts besides prisoners  taken. Hostile artillery showed activity during night east of  Ypres. Five men will rule*all Russia. Kerensky copies Allies in  centralizing authority.     ,,  Petrograd.--German propaganda is upset by proclaiming of'Russian Republic. Premier says revolt maybe a blessing in disguise.  Spirit of troops satisfactory.       .., ^        ��������� ���������  Rome.-Austria-Hungary is reported as', finding it increasinglj  difficult to keep in agreement with Germany. Epidemic of riots  and political differences disturb the country. Food shortage and  Italian successes add to general alarm. Italian operations in Balkans indicate new offensive there, while Gen. Cadornais winning  fresh victories in Bainsizza valley, who intend to press advantage  until troops are beyond San Gabrielle.  Wednesday:  Russian Army Will  Soon Be,Mighty Force  " Petrograd, Sep. 20.���������A firm  discipline is recognized as the  big need. General Alexieff, the  new Russian commander, says  the army will soon become a  mighty, force, all disaffecting  elements will be weeded out of  the service. American railroad  men's suggestions'will'aid transportation.  British Begin  Another Drive  Sinking of Big Vessels Reaches Low  Record  German Cities Bombarded,  Berlin, Sep. 20.��������� French aerial  squadrons last Sunday bombarded several German cities in'  Wurttemburg, Rheimish Prussia  and upper Alsace.  Petrograd.���������Twenty-three generals and other officers arrested last Friday along with Gen. Korniloff are being  ciosely guarded. Premier Kerensky and his ministers have" left  for the firing line.. Premier sent telegram to Baltic fleet imperatively demanding cessation of acts of violence under pretext of  safe guarding the revolution. Roumanians occupied section of  A lstro-Gar.nan fortified positions in region of Varnitza yesterday.  In direction of Riga,fighting between outposts continues, our  advanced elements offering resistance everyw here and at certain  points making progress.--   '.-. .     ,      ^ ',���������->'       '*   -  Rome-Vatican will not make Central,Powers reply to Pope's  Kta? peace suggestion public until latter part of September.  London.-Even if German note to Vatican indicates'relinquish-  , ment of supremacy in Belgium, the action will not be regarded by  the British government as paving the way to peace.   Beyond patrol encounters in Ypres sector there is nothing of special interest  to report.. '       -., ; n  Amsterdam!-Germans have no intention of surrendering the  coast, they are working feverishly on defences in region of Zee-  - brugge.   Every available civilian,is being sent forward in working parties.    Bombing attacks throughout northern Flanders is  harrassing the Huns.   Airmen attacked two thousand troops on  1 the march and scattered them.  Ottawa.--Canadian casualties small in view of fighting. A total  of 7586, all classes, for last two weeks of August.  San Jose.--Diplomatic relations between Costa Rica and Germany broken off. Little republic has interned the Germans who  annoyed the government.  Washington.-If America has not solved the submarine problem  it has cut down danger from it to a tremendous extent throu������h a  torpedo deflecting device invented by Edison. Device been tried  effectively with torpedoes and has been installed in several liners.  Most spectacular test o'f device resulted in saving a big American  steamship which arrived at an Atlantic port, Sunday. Passengers  aboard said the. mechanism of torpedo went wrong just before  it struck the vessel. Torpedo described as having leaped into the  air, re-entering the water and passing to stern of ship.  Thursday:   Rome.-Desperate struggle on Bainsizza plateau,  northwest of Gorizia, continues with both sides attacking, but  ��������� with no appreciative change in the situation.  London.-Renewed feelers for peace is Hun admission of failure  in Russia. Russians strike foe over a front of forty miles. Offensive spirit spreading and troops are quickly regaining their  positions north of Dvina. Greater stability may be looked for.  British casualties week ending yesterday, 566 officers and 26,618  men. Artillery and aerial fightirig'continues on western front with  great intensity, but no major infantry operations during past several days.  ��������� Copenhrgen. -Armed British steamer sank German submarine  which was shelling a neutral vessel. A second submarine sunk by  British destroyer while jt was at$ateking the armed steamer. ,.  .   Friday:  Australia Will Tax Slackers  ' Melbourne', Sep. 20���������Additional taxes to be put on unenlisted  men. Australian government  believes the move will stimulate  recruiting.  Amoy, China, Sep. 20.���������More  than six hundred natives killed  by typhoon which struck here.  Steamers destroyed and whole  fishing fleet .wiped out. -'^-.---.,-������,-'.  French Deputy Has  Swedish Bank Notes  Paris, Sep. 20. ��������� Procurator-  general of the Appeal Courts addressed a communication, to parliament asking for suspension of  immunity in the case of Deputy  Louis Turmel. Judicial authorities contemplate placing a charge  of treasonable dealings with the  enemy, which is punishable with  death. The action is the result  of finding Swiss bank notes for  large amounts in the locker used  by Tunnel,. which he has not  been "able to explain satisfactorily.  Designer of. Deutschland .  Commits Suicide in Jail  v Baltimore, Sep. 20.���������Gotthold  Prusse, one of the designers of  the German merchantsubmarine  Deutschland and who came to  Baltimore on her first voyage,  committed suicide in the city jail  yesterday. Prusse had been imprisoned as an alien enemy.  London, Sep. 21.���������Gen. Haig's  offensive which began at dawn  this morning on Belgian battle  front is proceoding with marked  success; especially in the crucial  sector between Ypres-Roulers  railway and Hollebeke, German  infantry making most determined resistance to retain'this vital  ground, and Teuton artillery is  retaliating heavily against British heavy guns. German losses  believed to be unusually heavy  as great masses of troops concentrated for our attack were  caught under a h,ail of shells from  British batteries.  Sweden silent while spies operated. Hun bureau at Stockholm unmolested by Swedish  secret police. Organization at  wbrk'brazenly, procuring information of allied shipping, but  mail censorship - by America  would,curb it at its source, stoppage of all leaks means heavy  blow1 to U boat undertakings.,  Sinking of big ships reaches  low record, but vessels under sixteen hundred tons less fortunate.  List of twenty of the latter includes nine from other weeks.  Eight Britisher's over 1600 tons  were lost. Italy lost one steamer and one small sailing ship.  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  For years past there has been  no inquiry about land in the Bella Coola valley, the war may have  had something to do with it.  Howeyer, during the past three  months many inquiries have come  in from the United- States and  Eastern Canada, all expressing  a desire to come west provided  that suitable Jocations may be  obtained:   It is reasonable to expect that British Columbia will  have an influx of settlers when  the world condition is again at  normal.   In the Bella Coola valley there is room for many, but  there must be a decided adjustment of vthe land situation here  as well as in other sections of  the province, where a lot of land  is held by persons who 'are.not  making use of their holdings,  thereby the land is '.non-productive.    ������  Italian Advance  Rome, Sep. 21���������Prisoners taken on the Carso front include  several Turks, which prove that  Austria is getting reserves from  every possible quarters in making a last desperate effort to stem  Italian advance..  Buenos Aires, Sep. 21.���������House  votes on war today. Argentine  may sever relations with Germany, Senate voted for break.  Washington, Sep. 20���������Spanish  waters are not used as ��������� base for  belligerent submarines. Allies  will confer next month. United  States to take part in discussion  on naval matters.  Berlin, Sep. 21.���������Peace reply  to Pope will not deal with Belgium. Huns consider pawn too  valuable to be jeopardized by  hasty move. Germany expected  to approve suggestions of international arbitration.  C. W. Homer, assessor and collector, from Prince Rupert, is.at  present here for the purpose of  sizing   up what  improvements  have been made or new buildings  put<up, and to determine upon  valuation of property of all kinds  with the view in mind of making  up the assessments for the year  1918.     Owing to the financial  condition of the province a commission on taxation will be appointed in the near future to go  over the taxation question with  the idea of arriving at an equitable system, whereby the large  holders may be placed on the  same footing as the small property holders.  Capt. T. Thorsen is making improvements to the public property around the town. It is said  that very little funds are available for public works to any extent this -year, only the most  necessary will be attended to.  now fishing will continue for  another two weeks at least. Reports from Namu, Bella BellS  and Kimsquit is that the run has  been all that could be expected,  All the tins provided in the  spring for the season's pack are  nearly filled and with another  ten days fishing the pack should  1 r  be completed.  B. F. Jacobsen has returned,  from a prospecting trip, bringing  home with him some very valuable samples, of copper ore, and  is of the opinion the place will  turn out into valuable mining  property with some development  work done.  John Widsten, fisheries overseer for this distiict 1 i������s ictuin- -  ed from a trip ofexamination of  the headwaters of the Eella Coola  river, where he went to examine -  into obstructions to the salmon  spawning grounds.  A Great War Map  Canadian homes will no longer  have difficulty- in -follow irg.the  Canadian troops in France as the  O ' /  Family Herald and Weekly Star  has just issued a new and complete War Map, which may be  had for one-year's subscription  at their slightly increased rate,  $1.25.   This map of the European  War area' clearly shows  every  point of interest since the Canadian   forces   first   landed  in  B'rance.   It has been made specially for the great Canadian weekly, The FamilyHerald and Weekly Star,  of Montreal.    It is a  marvel of detail, yet not crowded.   It is in four colors and about  2 1-3x3 1-4 feet and folded into  a very neat covert about 5 x 10  inches. -Th apportion of the map  covering France is in a soft color  with names of towns and battle  scenes in black, easily readable.;  The proverbial bear has begun BELLA C00LA AND DISTRICT RED  Paris.-Nothing"to report except great artillery activity in region south of Oisc, in sectors of Cernillet and Mont Haut,  , in Champagne and both sides of the Meuse.  San Francisco.-Thousandsof Chinese troops on front in France,  their contribution to cause of democracy if United States will finance China's part in the war. Dr. Ng Poon Chew, Chinese statesman, says if China had money she could move troops at the rate  of 250,000 in nine days across Siberian railroad into Russia.  Washington.-Russian ambassador makes encouraging report to  Washington.   Military situation best since ill-fated Galician drive.  Montreal, Sep/ 20. ��������� London  Mail mobilizes against British  administration, says war is stagnating and no one tells why.  Government warned to heed the  dissatisfaction. Bad times apparently developing for the cabinet and Lloyd George. London  Times also demands reports.  New York, Sep. 21���������Nine Canadian student aviators at Camp  Borden have gone to their deaths  through the work of a German  spy who enlisted as a mechanic,  he spoke English fluently. Spy  filed certain control wires until  they were at breaking point, his  fate unknown.  . Ottawa, Sep. 20. ���������Deadlock  over Senator Ross' amendment to the war-time elections  act effecting Nova Scotia lists.  Senate may delay date of prorogation.  Mexico City, Sep. 21.���������Folke  Cronholm, ex-charge Swedish  legation, denies he aided Germany as Von Eckhardt said. - German minister never offered him  any decoration and he has not  received any. Cronholm has  been living at the German club.  Tokio, Sep. 21.���������China is ex-  pecteushortly to decide on sending twenty thousand troops to  France.  its depredations again on the farmers orchards throughout the  valley. Some of them will of  course meet their Waterloo if  they continue in devastating the  now over-loaded trees of their  juicy fruit. Considerable damage has been done in past years  to fruit trees by the bears, but  whether the animals have increased in numbers or that their  taste for fruit is greater it is  hard to say, the only thing that  is certain is the destruction carried on by this undesirable animal to orchards is greater as  time passes.  Locally, cohoe fishing throughout the past week has been very  satisfactory. -Coupled with this  has been unusual fine weather  and the fishing boats have had  an undisturbed privilege to wan  der where'they liked in search of  salmon, with the result thatsome  very good catches have been  brought in.   As far as is known  CROSS AND PATRIOTIC FUNDS  STATEMENT FOR AUGUST.  Red Cross Fund  Collected by Miss L.  Schulstad the sum of  ..  Collected  by Misses  Livelton and Peterson  Collected by Mr. F.  Broughton the sum of..  Total       ~  4.50  5.50  22.00  $   32.00  Patriotic Fund  Collected by Mr. F.  Broughton the sum of ..    11.50  Collected by Rev. H.  Sageng the sum of      2.00  Total  $13.50  (ttlturrb Nnitre   \  9  Sunday School  Church Service  10:45 &.m.  7:30 p. m.  Preacher for Sunday���������Rev.  W. H. Gibson.  All Are Welcome.  99 ><������<JO^<JM>&������'-<J������&><<Jt<L>&������'0  7<  ftM*  ���������������*-.. ,.  <*j BELLA COOLA COURIER  Saturday, September 22,   19)7  The Courier  Published1 Wekkly. at Nulla Coola by  the Bella CoolaPuhushino Co. Ltd.  ' c " ^  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1 Year $1.00  C Months   .. ..'... ...:   0.75  3 Months    0.50  United States  ,1  Year..-. $1.50  United Kingdom    -  1  Year $1.00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not repeiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in us soon us possible.  Births, Mahkiac.es and Deaths.  50c  per insertion.  For Advertising Kates,  Apply at  Office.  ' To .CoiiKKSl'ONi>KNT3-r While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the.  namu anil address of every writer of such letters  must be (riven to the editor.  The Editor reserves the riprht to refuse publication of any letter. All manuscript at writer's  risk.  "Pallia junjult mtprenia rat Ivx"  SATURDAY,' SEP. 22, 1917.  Government By the Best  Minds.  A national government, we  understand, would be composed  of the best minds, but essentially, it would govern without opposition and without the annoyance of an inquisitive public  prying into.what it did. The  avowed purpose of those who  promote such a government is to  make it free to do as it will. We  have had for some time a government closely approaching  this ideal. If not composed of  the, best minds, it has been, obedient   to  the   best   minds and  ��������� watched by'an ineffective opposition-fearful of inviting public  reproach.- It takes us into the  bargain of Mackenzie and Mann.  What might befall, if the parliamentary opposition were cashiered, the prying public excluded  and government given over to  speculators and war contractors,  many will tremble to contemplate.   It is so easy for the best  minds and the worst to confound  their own with the public interest^ They have in the United  Kingdom, a National government  of men of all parties but the  Irish, but watched by'an alert  opposition. Let that be imitated  here, if need be, but let the opposition be maintained. There  is no safety but in an alert and  courageous opposition.  Even for the purpose of enforcing conscription, the wisdom  of interrupting the ordinary  course of parliamentary government is doubtful.   It will be bet-  ��������� ter to have the anti-conscription-  isb blow off their steam in parliament than in street meesings.  A free vent of steam in parlia  ment will, at all events, reduce  the pressure in the streets.  oo     o.   o     o  Pay, Pay.  The Hon. John Oliver; minister of agriculture, certainly has  the time of his life with the farmers of Covvichan over the surtax. The farmers all claim that  their taxes are too high and  should be reduced, instead of  this the Brewster government  has seen fit to double them.  The farmers as well as the real  estate men wanted roads built  and everything else; money was  borrowed by the millions at  high' rates of interest,.some of  this went into roads, but most of  it went to men who should not  have had it, and now the whole  JlAGlQ;  SSjJ.H.'MJH.BBIj  IliNiiiiiii  , $������ jCQNTAI JNj"& )N.&. AED '%:;0  province is reaping a just reward  for what the sowed in the good  times. Mr. F. J. Bishop, president of the United Farmers of  British Columbia, in a letter  printed in theCowichan Leader,  says: "If the McBride-Bowser  government are to blame for the  deplorable financial condition in  which this province is in, then I  say in fairness that all the farmers throughout the province  should bear their share of whatever taxes are necessary to put  the province in a position whereby its credit would stand as high  as it did when the late Sir Richard became premier."  Taxation at its veiy best is unpopular, there is always a how'l  against taxes. Even in the time  of Christ there, was a'decided  difference of opinion on taxes  and the tax collector. ,  The people of the province  wanted railways built and the  government borrowed on, the  credit of the province and handT  ed the money ovjsr to these railway millionaires, this' was done  with the full sanction of the taxpayers, including farmers and  others. The business interests  are paying their surtax so there  is no reason why the farmers  should not.  o    o    o    o    o  Held by the Speculator.  ��������� Hon. J. W. Weart, speaker of  the provincial legislature, after  a recent visit along the Grand  Trunk Pacific railroad, has this  to say: "Ih my opinion the amount of agricultural land in the  north country is unlimited, yet  there is a condition existing that  is not conducive to the best interests of the province. Hundreds of thousands of acres of  arable land is in the hands of  persons who are not using it, and  thereby withheld from production. Not only this, but these  persons are holding the best of  the land, while the poorest and  furthest away from the roads is  left to the settlers."  Mr. Speaker Weart believes  that if the holders of crown  grants do not want to use this  land themselves, or to dispose of \ h������Pe of the Conservatives  mayor S. M. Newton will take  will have to meet the situation':  "No man oi\company of men,"  iccording to Mr. Weart, "has  nhe right to hold land and get  rich at the expense of the people  who are settling in the districts.  We have an empire of arable land  in the North, and there is plenty  ofland in other parts of British  Columbia for agricultural settlement."  This is exactly what we have  ���������said for years, that no man  should have the right to obtain  from the crown lands and tlien  withhold it from production .or  itilization, and it is hoped that  Lhepresentgovernmentwill take  steps towards .having all this  vacant land handed over to settlers to make .use of.  s .OOOOO "  Between the talk of a Union  government at Ottawa and an  election something- is sure to  materialize very soon.' However,  the election seems to be the foremost. Vancouver politicians are  taking to election very strongly,  many candidates are in the field  and others will follow.. Judge  W. W.'B. Mclnnis of the County  Court, has quit the bench and  taken to the stump against H.  3. Clements for the -Crimox-Al-  berni district. Among the many  that desire to be in the field for  Dominion honors the name of W.  J. Bowser is mentioned as a possible candidate in the Conservative interest, while a riumberof  minor lights wish to have themselves put forward. In the Skee-  na district. Fred Stork has the  Liberal nomination, while, J. E.  Merryfield is likely to be the  Ex-  Taxation Unfair to the  Pioneer.  Andrew Carnegie said once  something to this effect: "that  the pioneer never reaps himself  the benefit of his own labor, but  the, next generation will." Yet  there are still some men imbued  with the spirit of pioneering and  the government of every new  country tries to find them and  uses al! means and blandishments  at its disposal in persuading  these and other .people not to  concentrate in and around cities,  but to,go forth and prepare the  unsettled areas for the benefit  of future generations and the development of the country. But  once settled these pioneers are  in most cases left to themselves  to shift as,best they may and the  promises given them at the outset are never or seldom kept.  I would like to know why a  rancher in the wilderness without a road or any of the advantages of organized districts should  pay the same amount of taxes as  those who followed the linos of  least resistance and located in  * i  more favored places or have been  benefited, by roads, etc., since  locating.  This is not a "square deal."  In an age when, all the world is  trying to remedy and change a  Mackay Smith, Biair & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS;   PANTS,  OVERALLS,   M ACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  "MADE   IN   B. C."  Prompt Attention Given Letter Orders  lot of wrongs I was in hope that  the humble though undoubtedly  useful if misguided fellow whom  we call a pioneer would come in  for his proportionate share of attention and relief:*this did not  materialize, but adding, in a way  to speak, insult to injury, a  double tax is imposed on him  when there is no reason apparent why he should pay even a  single one. "  - What help does the settler in  the wilderness get frcm the gov-  it at a reasonable price, or to cooperate with the government in  the field as an Independent.  This election is going to be a  the advancement of settlement,! momentous one and will require  but only hold it for speculative!deep-thinking on the part of the  purposes, legislative enactment'electorate before deciding;  NEWTON  ��������� The Prince Rupert Empire  man, who is a candidate for the  House of Commons for this Riding.  . While others stand fori what  will benefit their party, he stands'  for what will benefit these districts.  THE  PEER  OF   BREAD   FLOURS  It is a-concrete.fact that ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR  has few equals in the whole world.   A better,flour cannot  . be made.   ��������� , . - V .  What a pity if some of our Western home bakers are unconsciously using some other inferior flour and paying as  much as ROYAL STANDARD can be bought for.  Order ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR from your grocer.    , D0X THIS TO-DAY.  Make your Bread,, and your Buns, and your Biscuits of it.  *  You're going to like the results as well or better than any  you have had before from any make of flourl  Look for the   "Circle   V"   on every sack  0 MILLED IN BRITISH COLUMBIA  af  ������i  9M.  SOLD BY ALL STOREKEEPERS  C=30EZ3|  Let the Tea Pot tell you  GREAT  WEST  TEA  is Better.  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers- Vancouver, B. C.  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  IOE  31������  hoe  H>.  ������  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SERVICE  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  (S. S.      CamOSUn      Leaves  Vancouver every  Thursday at 11 p. m.    (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Sundays a.m.  S.-S. "Coquitlam" sails from Vancouver fortnightly, carrying Gasoline and Explosives, will call  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  For rates of Freights, Fares and other information, apply to  Head Office, Carr'all St.", Vancouver;, or Geo. McGregor,  agent, 1003 Government St., Victoria;        .  O  HOE  ���������IC  HOE  ^W.  m the Gotiriei fy'-K>.  ������w.  Wy  v \ .'  *\  .' i  JSftsMf  MBBtftv  Saturday, September 32,   1917  r BELLA COOLA COURIER  Your Range Should Have  r  ���������a dependable oven, a good warming  closet, a durable and" ample-sized  firebox, easy-working grates, simple  draft control and a finish that requires  hut little attention to keep clean. All  these ahd many other desirable features will he found in  Mcdaiy5  KOOTENAY RANGE  tOHDOM      TORONTO  MONTREAL_   WINNIPEG _   VANCOUVER  13  ST. JOHN, N.B     HAMTI.TON      CALGARY  ���������*- SASKATOON      EDMONTON  eminent in exchange for his initiative, work hardships and the  ���������taxes he pays? I know of about  fifty settlers in and around this  district vylu) have paid the government for the land they got  and sunk info it comparatively  large sums of money and years  of unabated work without any  of the assistance they were promised at the start. And it is not  because their places are unproductive���������even without means of  transportation some can drive  cattle to the market, but' were a  good wagon  road  provided all  could produce and export something. I offer my case as a typical instance of the conditions in  which many settlers of this district and similar localities find  ourselves in.  Over ten years ago I took up a  ranch in the Upper Bella Coola  Valley, and what was then a  tangle of trees and brush by dint  of constant work, considerable  privations and the sinking in the  soil and farm implements of  every dollar I could make and  even borrow I have succeeded  now in being able to reap many  1 '        _      _  Ames Holden McCready Ltd.  Vancouver, B.C.  1.  LEADING WHOLESALERS IN BOOTS,  .SHOES'AND -RUBBERS  FOR  MEN,  '     WOMEN AND CHILDREN.  0  Largest Manufacturers, of. Boots and  Shoes in Canada  PACIFIC, MILK  Prepared from pure, healthy,  fresh, cows milk. Nothing is  added, only water is taken'  away.  'YOU'LL LIKE PACIFIC"  FOOD PRODUCTS CO., LTD!, Manufacturers  Office: 322 DRAKE STREET, VANCOUVER; B. C.  aauBiimaiBiauiMwmmtx  Province of British Columbia.  DEPARTMENT OF LANDS.  NOTICE.  Re Overdue Payments on Applications to Purchase Crown Lands  in British Columbia.  NOTICE is hereby given that, under  the provisions of the "Soldiers'  Homestead Act, Repeal Act," any  person who did not apply under the  "Soldiers' Homestead Act, 1916," to  complete his application to purchase,  either by payment in full or by the  selection of a proportionate allotment,  may, by* proving his interest and paying up in full the balance of the purchase price and taxes before the 31st  December, 1917, obtain a Crown grant  if proof satisfactory to the Minister of  Lands is furnished that such person is  suffering injury through absence of  notice or otherwise.  And further that the interest in un  completed applications to purchase held  by any person on Active' Service" may  be protected by notification to the  Lands Department of the fact that  such person is on Active Service and by  the filing of proof of the interest of  such person.  1 Further information will be furnished on request to ��������� the Deputy Minister  of Lands, Victoria, B. C.  Publication  of  this   notice without  authority will not be paid for.     -jel4  a ton of good timothy hay and  provide, pasture for the maintenance and increase of a small  bunch of cattle. Still, in order  to do that, and having iaith1 in  the future of our province and  the completion of the road to the  interior, I felt justified into go:  ing into debt in order to put  things on. a paying scale and  welcomed the establishment of  theAgriccltural Credit Commission as an "institution filling a  long felt want: I applied for a  loan which wquld give" me time  to "get even" with the increase  of cattle in the course of a few  years. ' After the ._ appraiser's  visit, the . Commission wrote  "theihaccessiblityof your prop  erty -would seem to be a bar to  its (the loan's) consideration and  while appreciating your .enterprise and the work you have accomplished until you can prevail  upon the Public Works Department to,make a road into your  land I fear that we cannot entertain your proposition, ..."  (Continued on page 4, column 2.)  WATER NOTICE  DIVERSION AND U������E.  "Take Notice that, the Smelters  1 Steel Company, a company  incorporated under the laws of  the State of Washington, with  an office at 422 Lumber Exchange  Building, Seattle, Washington,  will apply for a licence to take  and use one hundred miner's  inches of water out of ,a creek  falling into the West side' of Dean  Channel, North of Cascade Inlet,  adjoining the King Solomon Mineral Claim, which flows Southerly and drains into the said Deap  Channel about1 fifteen hundred  feet North West of Iron Island  in said Channel. The water will  be diverted from the stream at  a point about seven hundred and  fifty feet from high water mark,  and will be used for domestic  and mining purposes upon the  lands'described as the said King  Solomon Mineral Claim and an  area of about forty-five acres adjoining said mineral claim which  Smelter Steel Company has applied to the Minister of Lands to  purchase. This notice was posted  on the ground on the 22nd day  of August, 1917.  A copy of this notice and an  application pursuant thereto and  to the "Water Act, 1914," will  be filed in the office of the Water  Recorder at Vancouver. Objections to the application may be  filed with';the, said Water ^Recorder or wifTi the Comptroller  of Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings, Victoria, within 30  days after the first appearance,  of this notice in a local newspaper. The date of the first  publication of this notice is September 8th, 1917.  Smelters Steel Company,  Applicant.  By GEORGE A. PIDDUCK, Agent.  Sep. 8-22.  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  COAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  , -Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Y ukon Territory, the North-west Terri-  ��������� Tories and in a portion of the Province of  British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of 71 an  acre. Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  .Application for a lease must be mode by the  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-A p-ent  of the district in which the rights apphi for  arc situated.  In surveyed territory the land muBl L.   J.  scribed by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each, application must be accompanied by a  fee of $6 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royally shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person opcialinir the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns acco"iting for the  full quantity of merchantable coul mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at leant once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  ' considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion LandB.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30690.  SUBSCRIBE TO THE "COURIER."  BUSINESS CARDS  Watch Repairs  Send your watch to us for guaranteed repairs at lowest prices.  A price given before proceeding with work. If not satisfactory, watch will be returned free  ��������� of expense. <  O.B.ALLAN  Diamond Merchant���������Optician  , Granville and Pender,Vancouver.B.C.  HH  IOE  >     O  Fur Sales Agency  . 600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  , We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  oi rc  HOE  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBIUT   OF   COAST���������BANOE   XII.  .  Take notice that I, Frank Inrig, of  Wadhams, B. C, occupation cannery-  man, intend to ' apply for permission  to lease the following described land: <���������  Commencing at a post planted at the  southwest corner of Lot 1041 on Goose-  Bay,^Rivers Inlet, thence east20 chains,  thence south '20 chains, thence west 20  chains to the shore, thence following  the shore line to the place of commencement.  FRANK INRIG.  August 25th, 1917.  Sep. 1-Nov. 3.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBXCT  OF  COAST���������BANGS  XXX.  Take Notice that the Smelters Steel  Company, a company incorporated under the laws of the State of Washington, intends to apply for permission to  purchase the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted at the  Northeast corner of the land applied  for and at about four hundred and fifty  feet East of the mouth of a creek falling into the West side of Dean Channel,  North of Cascade Inlet, adjoinjng the  King Solomon Mineral Claim, thence  North twenty chains, thence West  twenty chains, thence South twenty-  five chains more or less to the beach,  thence following the beach to the point  of commencement and containing forty-  five acres, more or less.  SMELTERS STEEL COMPANY.  Date, August 22nd, 1917.  ,      By GEORGE A. PIDDUCK, Agent.  Sep, 8-Nov. 10.  7'  Ask Your Dealer for  "Minister Myles"  Shoes  "BERESFORD" Shoes for Men  'VASSAR" and "MISS CANADA" Shoes for Women  r!^  .^JSE  \X7HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  1UHAT person so independent?  IXfHAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola  farmers are "independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  . View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  THE REASONS for this enviable condition of affairs are obvious" to anyone  who knows the- Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the" Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first' prizes. ���������  tELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as ih a saw mill at Bella Coola.  ircajllc=5|f[  SUBSCRIPTION  RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  '    Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and' the Continent.  : One Year $1.00   '",t; " .  '���������       '        >���������..���������������������������  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C  Enclosed please find : subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. 0   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed  '0  ������*;  ���������V/.  %QkBuLmG&F%  'kieHnxr-^ '4  fcELLA COOLA COURIER  Saturday, September 22,  19)7  m  IOC  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coast be-  Iween Vancouver and  Prince Rupert. "  A distance of six hundred miles.  agsHweaaaMM^^  AMHERST  ������  For Miners  Loggers  :  Prospectors  are in a class by themselves  They have been tried and  tested for over Fifty Years  and have not been disappointing.  It will be to your interest to keeP w.eU in~  formed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  I Now is the time to keep  your name < before the  public. ' No manufacturer or wholesalehoiise can  afford to let slip the op:  portunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  ASK YOUR MERCHANT FOR AMHERST  "HOME-MADE" BRAND   ,  Amherst Boot & Shoe Co. Ltd.  AMHERST HALIFAX REGINA  B. C. Fisheries  Fishing is one of the most important industries in British Columbia. With a shore line of  nearly 7.000 miles, and a protected fishing territory of nearly  30,000 square miles, large resources of commercial fish are available. The production' of the B.  C. fisheries for the year 1914-15  was $11,575,086. The total value of the equipment was $8,829,-  750, and 18,000 persons were  employed. The catch included  salmon, halibut, herring, sturgeon, bass, smelts, perch, trout,  oysters, crabs.' etc. The largest  and most valuable part of the  catch consists of salmon. The  The "pack" in 1915 consisted of  1,133,000 cases, and British Columbia salmon is being exported  to all parts of the world. Halibut is another valuable catch,  the 1915 catch being marketed  for over a million and a half  dollars.  The industry is capable of  enormous expansion. ,  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North:-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities^ for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  TOWN. Do not talk���������support home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  TAXATION UNFAIR TO THE  PIONEER���������Contined from page 3  etc. Inasmuch as the inaccessibility to my property does not  prevent me or anybodyeven as  far as the Upper Chilcotin from  driving cattle to the port of Bella  Coola, thus demonstrating the  production of our ranches. And  as we are accessible enough to  be readily reached by taxes and  surtaxes, and as it is aw ell known  fact that the granting of a road  does not depend upon the Public  Works, but is most unfortunately" mixed up with politics, ���������I fail  to see the logic of this i-efusal  for help on the part of the government.  Another instance: ' I needed  this summer, with the customary  assistance of the Farmers' Institute, to get a thoroughbred bull  from the government stock on  easy payments. Having been a  member in good standing of the  Institute for ten years and having contributed all I could to subscriptions for its hall and sundry  other items and this being.the  first instance I could make any  use of this organization I made  my application, which was turned  down because I live too far irom  Hagensborg. I am not too far  to pay obligations, but to reap  1   i  advantages, yes!   Is this fair?  To reassume, I don't see what  government help the pioneer  settler in my condition receives  that justifies the former in im  posing taxes and especially surtaxes in the same proportion as other  settlers with, facilities of transportation, etc  Had the government appealed  or decided to raise a war tax  from every individual the thing  would have been'totally different; but a tax on land being improved and developed away from  centres and,,,without means of  transportation is so evidently unfair that they had to make it (in  thecaseof the surtax) without  appeal.  . But there is alw,ays the appeal  to public opinion and common  sense that may modify and govern such things in the, I hope,  near future.  ,    M. W. MARVIN.  Atnarko, B. C. ���������  $1 a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  HOE  0  "THE two principal reasons  why   you  should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  EGGS  and keep your money at home.  Big  often put up a fight  And it's the man-who equips himself  with the most modern fire-arms' and  ammunition���������Remington UMC���������who  gets the biggest bag with the least  , trouble. 100 years spent in arms-making���������fifty years in ammunition-making,  with matchless resources and equipment certainly show their results in  Remington UMC High Power Rifles  Ask to see Retoiington UMC  High Power Slide Action Re: _  peater���������six ' smashing shotSi  solid   breech,    hammerless,  SAFE.  -Remington UMC  Metalllcs  of   every   calibre,    for   all  standard   makes iof   rifles.  Made so well we-guarantee  any rifle using them.'  The dealer who displays the  Red Ball trade mark of Remington UMC is up-to-date.  See him. ,   .  Remington U.EV1.C.  of Canada, Limited  WINDSOR, ONT. ^^ '/'������  716  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd,  Packer* and Provisioned  Calgary    Vancouver     Edmonton  Just a Few of Our Exclusive Specialties  THE GOAL EVERBEARING APPLE. The only everbearing  apple in existence. A delicious all-the-season fruit. Fine  tree, each, $1.00.  THE VANDERPOOL RED APPLE.   The great export apple  and keeper.   Each, 50c.  THE ORENCO APPLE.    The best dessert apple.   Each, 50c.  THE YAKIMENE PEACH-APRICOT, A remarkable combination of the apricot and peach.   Hardy.    Each, $1.00.  THEVROOMAN FRA.NQUETTE WALNUT.   Produces food  of great nutritious, value on a highly ornamental tree.  ' . ���������' Each $1..' ;'".���������'..  -v   ���������'���������^.v-^>^:1 ,'���������.'        :���������������������������.,',.������������������."������������������ ���������������������������?:  THE SOUVENIR EVERBEARING RASPBERRY.   The great-  ��������� ���������,'..'- est everbearer. ; Hundred, $14.00. '.'..,:���������.".'".  . ^���������^/^.SPECIAL   SAMPLE   OFFER  We will send-prepaid to your nearest station next Spring one of each of  these splendid trees and a dozen Souvenir Raspberries on receipt of a $5.00  bill, or C. O. D. $5.50.    Orders  should be placed NOW ,for these or any  other of our well-known stock.    We do not ship into the interior in the Fall.  N.B.-lt is MOST IMPORTANT that orders be sent in AT ONCE-the  stock must be reserved NOW.  The British Columbia Nurseries Co., Ltd.  1493 SEVENTH AVENUE WEST ���������     -   -       VANCOUVER, B. C.  ,'���������','���������' ���������" Nurseries at Sardis.  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1895.  rymldsen  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  ft    !  Staple and Fancy  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' arid Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women?s and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes    ������    Q  and Hiding Saddles  . Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters; Trappers, Campers and, Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the most suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Varnishes -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.    Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept, on hand.   Prompt service  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  ���������^Mmmmwrnir ti/MJ  ' V li  I  scriptio^p  all sorfi|  Hi  ft  i.������  '   -MS  OU WANT GOOD SPORT  IT BELLA COOLA. EXCEL-  IT HUNTING AND FISHING.  BELLA COOLA OFFERS ATTRACTIONS  EQUAL IF NOT SUPERIOR TO ANY TO  BE FOUND   IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.  5���������NO. 40  BELLA-COOLA, R C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1917.  $1.00 a Year  War News for the Week  ��������� ���������. .. __   .   ___      . ,  day:   London.-British naval airplanes last Saturday drop-  mbs on German destroyers and trawlers along Belgian cOast  n Ostend and Zeebrugge, hitting one destroyer and sink-  e trawler.    Troops of British and Scotch regiments made  Sful raids on German trenches in Arras and Somme regions.  Germans were killed  in  their dugouts besides prisoners  Hostile artillery showed activity  during night east of  \   Fiy^e men will rule all Russia.    Kerensky copies Allies in  lizing authority.  rograd.--German propaganda is upset by proclaiming of Rus-  epublic. Premier says re volt may be a blessing in disguise,  of troops satisfactory.  e.-Austria-Hungary is reported as finding it increasinglj  t to keep in agreement with Germany. Epidemic of riots  jlitical .differences disturb the country. Food shortage and  successes add to general alarm. Italian operations in Balk-  'dicate new offensive there, while Gen. Cadorna is winning  [victories ih Bainsizza valley, who intend to press advantage  irbops are beyond San Gabrielle. -  nesday:   Petrograd.���������Twenty-three generals and other offi-  irrested. last Friday along with Gen. Korniloff are being  guarded.   Premier Kerensky and his ministers have left  |e firing line.    Premier sent telegram to. Baltic-'fleet impera-  Idemanding cessation of acts of violence under pretext of  guarding the revolution.    Roumanians occupied section of  Ib-GarJiJin fortified positions in region of Varnitza yesterday,  lirection of Riga fighting between outposts continues, our  feed-elements offering resistance everywhere and at certain  making progress.      ,.. . !_..���������,-  ie.���������Vatican will not make Central Powers reply to Pope's  ^suggestion public until latter part of September.  idon.-Even if German note to Vatican indicates.'relinquish-  |of supremacy in Belgium, the action will not be regarded by  ���������itish government as paving the way to peace.    Beyond pat-  fcounters in Ypres sector there is nothing of special interest  )ort.. " '  fsterdam.-Germans have no intention of surrendering the  they are working feverishly on defences in region of Zee-  re.   Every available civilian.is being sent forward in work-  larties.    Bombing attacks throughout northern Flanders is  fssing the Huns.   Airmen attacked two thousand troops on  larch and scattered them.  iwa.-Canadian casualties small in view of fighting. A total  \<o, all classes, for last two weeks of August.  Jose.���������Diplomatic relations between Costa Rica and Germ-  iroken off. Little republic has interned the Germans who  red the government.  fshington.���������If America has not solved the submarine problem  cut down danger from it to a tremendous extent throu������h a  |do deflecting device invented by Edison. Device been tried  Lively with torpedoes and has been installed in several liners.  |spectacular test of device resulted in saving a big American  tship which arrived at an Atlantic port, Sunday. Passengers  rd said the mechanism of torpedo went wrong just before  |uck the vessel. Torpedo described as having leaped into the  Ite-entering the water and passing to stern of ship.  Russian Army Will  Soon Be Mighty Force'  Petrograd, Sep. 20.���������A firm  discipline is recognized as the  big need. General Alexieff, the  new Russian commander, says  the army will soon become a  mighty force, all disaffecting  elements will be weeded out of  the service. American railroad  men's suggestions will aid transportation.  >   German Cities Bombarded  Berlin, Sep. 20.���������French aerial  squadrons last Sunday bombarded several German cities in  Wurttemburg, Rheimish Prussia  and upper Alsace.      '  Australia Will Tax Slackers  Melbourne, Sep. 20���������Additional taxes to be put on unenlisted  men; Australian government  believes the move will stimulate  recruiting.  British Begin  Another Drive  Sinking of Big Vessels Reaches Low  Record  .Amoy, China, Sep. 20.���������More  than six hundred natives killed  by typhoon which struck here.  Steamers destroyed and whole  fishing fleet wiped.-ou.t.-:,-~y^,....;y,.:;  |ursday:   Rome.-Desperate struggle on Bainsizza plateau,  [west of Gorizia, continues with both sides attacking, but  |no appreciative change in the situation.  fndon.-Renewed feelers for peace is Hun admission of failure  issia.   Russians strike foe over a front of forty miles.    Of-  fve spirit spreading and troops are quickly regaining their  kions north of Dvina.   Greater stability may be looked for.  fsh casualties week ending yesterday, 566 officers and 26,618  Artillery and aerial fighting continues on western front with  intensity, but no major infantry operations during past sev-  Idays.  |penhrgen.-Armed British steamer sank German submarine  Ih was shelling a neutral vessel. A second submarine sunk by  jsh destroyer while it was attacking the armed steamer.  iday:   Paris.-Nothing to report except great artillery activi-  region south of Oiso, in sectors of Cernillet and Mont Haut,  hampagne and both sides of the Meuse.  n Francisco.-Thousandsof Chinese troops on front in France,  I* contribution to cause of democracy if United States will fin-  China's part in the war.    Dr. Ng Poon Chew, Chinese states-  'l says if China had money she could move troops at the rate  * 0,000 in nine days across Siberian railroad into Russia,  ashington.-Russian ambassador makes encouraging report to  hington.    Military situation best since ill-fated Galician drive.  French Deputy Has  Swedish Bank Notes  Paris, Sep. 20.���������Procurator-  general of the Appeal Courts addressed a communication to parliament asking for suspension of  immunity in the case of Deputy  Louis Turmel. Judicial authorities contemplate placing a charge  of treasonable dealings with the  enemy, which is punishable with  death. The action is the result  of finding Swiss bank notes for  large amounts in the locker used  by Tunnel, which he has not  been able to explain satisfactorily.  London, Sep. 21.���������Gen. Haig's  offensive which began at dawn  this morning on Belgian battle  front is proceoding with marked  success, especially in the crucial  sector between Ypres-Roulers  railway and Hollebeke. German  infantry making most determined resistance to retain this vital  ground, and Teuton artillery is  retaliating heavily against British-heavy guns. German losses  believed to be unusually heavy  aSfgreat masses of troops concentrated for our attack were  caught under a hail of shells from  British batteries. ;  Sweden silent while spies operated. Hun bureau at Stockholm unmolested by Swedish  secret police. Organization at  work-brazenly, procuring information of allied shipping, but  mail censorship by America  wduld.curb it at its source, stoppage: of all leaks means heavy  blo# to U boat undertakings.  Sinking of big ships reaches  low record, but vessels under sixteen hundred tons less fortunate.  List of twenty of the latter includes nine from other weeks.  Eight Britisher's over 1600 tons  were lost. Italy lost one steamer and one small sailing ship.  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  For years past there has been  no inquiry about landin the Bella Coola valley, the war may have  had something to do with it.  However, during the past three  months many inquirieshave come  in from the United States and  Eastern Canada, all expressing  a desire to come west provided  that suitable locations may be  obtained. Itis reasonable to expect that British Columbia will  have an influx of settlers when  the world condition is again at  normal. In the Bella Coola valley there is room for many, but  there must be a decided adjustment of the land situation here  as well as in other sections of  the province, where a lot of land  is held by persons who are not  making use of their holdings,  thereby the land is non-productive. ' '   ' '.' -  C. W. Homer, assessor and collector, from Prince R,upert, is at  present here for the purpose of  sizing   up  what .improvements  now fishing will continue for  another two weeks at least. Reports from Namu, Bella Bella  and Kimsquit is that the run has  been all that could be expected,  All the tins provided in the  spring for the season's pack are  nearly filled and with another  ten days fishing the pack should  be completed.  B. F. Jacobsen has returned  from a prospecting trip, bringing  home with him some very valuable samples of copper ore, and  is of the opinion the-place will  turn out into valuable mining  property with some development  work done.  John Widsten, fisheries overseer for this,district 1 iiS letum-  ed from a trip of examination of  the headwaters of the Bella Coola  river, where he went to examine  into obstructions to the salmon  spawning grounds.  A Great War Map  Canadian homes will no longer  jhave difficulty in~follow.ir g the  have been made ornew buildings! Canadlan troopsin France as the  put up, and to determine upon  Designer of Deutschland  Commits Suicide in Jail  Baltimoi*e, Sep. 20.���������Gotthold  Prusse, one of the designers of  the German merchant submarine  Deutschland and who came to  Bakimore on her first voyage,  committed suicide in the city jail  yesterday. Prusse had been imprisoned as an alien enemy.  Washington, Sep. 20���������Spanish  waters are not used as*base for  belligerent submarines. Allies  will confer next month. United  States to take part in discussion  on naval matters.  Italian Advance  Rome, Sep. 21���������Prisoners taken on the Carso front include  several Turks, which prove that  Austria is getting reserves from  every possible quarters in making a last desperate effort to stem  Italian advance.  Buenos Aires, Sep. 21.���������House  votes on war today. Argentine  may sever relations with Germany, Senate voted for break.  Berlin, Sep. 21.���������Peace reply  to Pope will not deal with Belgium. Huns consider pawn too  valuable to be jeopardized by  hasty move. Germany expected  to approve suggestions of international arbitration.  valuation of property of all kinds  with the view in mind of making  up the assessments for the year  1918. Owing to the financial  condition of the province a commission on taxation will be appointed in the near future to go  over the taxation question with  the idea of arriving at an equitable system, whereby the large  holders may be placed on the  same footing as the small property holders.  Capt. T. Thorsen is making improvements to the public property around the town. It is said  that very little funds are available for public works to any extent this year, only the most  necessary will be attended to.  Family Herald and Weekly Star  has just issued a new and complete War Map, which may be  had for one year's subscription  at their slightly increased rate,  $1.25. This map of the European  War area clearly shows every  point of interest since the Canadian forces first landed in  France. It has been made specially for the great Canadian weekly, The Family Herald and Weekly Star, of Montreal. It is a  marvel of detail, yet not crowded. It is in four colors and about  2 1-3 x 3 1-4 feet and folded into  a very neat cover, about 5 x 10  inches. That portion of the map  covering France is in a soft color  with names of towns and battle  scenes in black, easily readable.  The proverbial bear has begun B������LLA COOLA AND DISTRICT RED  Montreal, Sep. 20.���������London  Mail mobilizes against British  administration, says war is stagnating and no one tells why.  Government warned to heed the  dissatisfaction. Bad times apparently developing for the cabinet and Lloyd George. London  Times also demands reports.  New York, Sep. 21���������Nine Canadian student aviators at Camp  Borden have gone to their deaths  through the work of a German  spy who enlisted as a mechanic,  he spoke English fluently. Spy  filed certain control wires until  they were at breaking point, his  fate unknown.  Ottawa, Sep. 20. ��������� Deadlock  over Senator Ross' amendment to the war-time elections  act effecting Nova Scotia lists.  Senate may delay date of prorogation.  Mexico City, Sep. 21.���������Folke  Cronholm, ex-charge Swedish  legation, denies he aided Germany as Von Eckhardt said. German minister never offered him  any decoration and he has not  received any. Cronholm has  been living at the German club.  Tokio, Sep. 21.'��������� China is expected shortly to decide on sending twenty thousand troops to  France.  its depredations again on the farmers orchards throughout the  valley. Some of them will of  course meet their Waterloo if  they continue in devastating the  now over-loaded trees of their  juicy fruit. Considerable damage has been done in past years  to fruit trees by the bears, but  whether the animals have increased in numbers or that their  taste for fruit is greater it is  hard to say, the only thing that  is certain is the destruction carried on by this undesirable animal to orchards is greater as  time passes.  Locally, cohoe fishing throughout the past week has been very  satisfactory. Coupled with this  has been unusual fine weather  and the fishing boats have had  an undisturbed privilege to wan  der where they liked in search of  salmon, with the result that some  very good catches have been  brought in.    As far as is known  CROSS AND PATRIOTIC FUNDS  STATEMENT FOR AUGUST.  Red Cross Fund  Collected by Miss L.  Schulstad the sum of   ..  Collected  by  Misses  Livelton and Peterson  Collected by Mr. F.  Broughton the sum of..  Total $    32.00  4.50  5.50  22.00  Patriotic Fund  Collected by Mr. F.  Broughton the sum of ..    11.50  Collected by Rev. H.  Sageng the sum of       2.00  Total   $13.50  <?  I  ���������I  (Elntrrh Nnitre    $  9  Sunday School  Church Service  10:45 a. un.  7:30 p.m.  ft  Preacher for Sunday���������Rev.  W. H. Gibson.  AH Are Welcome.  llXJ<X><Jl^t>'<N><Jl>i������'l  &>''' m  BiEL E.A  'IJRflER  3fl-32j3::  AMHERST  I  :$������������������������.  *?"  fc'^':  P;^  vk  :M:  ��������������� l;  are. ,3������h a  -skfe sass- 'is ^���������t������rsfiBle^;'as.&ert  ���������iigSBSsr <������2s������asB ite see **��������������� tfe-v  ^SJ&lE.'Sr' ������f������������S&������3.  ffijESstSSSi. sS������S32iS ���������  ;-,is5Tgsaiaa-", ���������:&3������EE5sr?' fcas :������&& "^e^  ^Sz&zSsm ������f *&������ ses&- ���������   Sl&e isss;;  ������������������.���������/ibaik. vsghsar, ffeessscsisssl., serdb-  ��������� aaast "sssraase,. Wisasnit/let:'-orkmd-1  V2SSKSE' *53S0B ,tS������i, Bf?42������������ ������&������&,' ������SH  If ceSjt ' ���������.��������� ssjgksr' ." ilse. I- farofceicjassa,''' -OII  i^i322si"salj|psG#,:������E^' Seat,-.m I  lljE^l'tlist fe is -tiKiiS i*<w; j-esrs|  :?������is������������������������������ tJbffit i2ae* 'BriiisJa Se&'wasf  ;t!^;ii&aaiil  'iaiicpuite  AJm:rom^:M  HALIFAX  ife:^:  slir  ft  ��������� r.. ���������., ���������     ��������������������������� . .���������'; .",.���������; ���������'  ". ���������"���������. : ���������   ���������������������������������������������   ��������� ���������      ,     ,���������,���������'���������.-������������������    ��������� '  i  .������������������ I".,"-     ,   ���������������������������'.   ��������� ���������������������������(  j^^se^s������c^sltepe4. said m������eHl  aaijr fears,���������-��������� |  rynildsen&C  \JEAD\HG   DEALERS  G e ne ra f M e r c h a n d ij  ������W^ Notions!  and Fancy  C&3S*^|������J3S2^^  ���������i.w&sm. ;\:.msmr. ������sea  ..sera������ *>..���������������������������  HEAyyANDSHELF BARDWaJ  CAKfR HEA^nNG AND COOK ST0V$  Wtlfe  la?  . *:5:^:^;-_?S'K?~  Hi   wjgii  portvaatif  f&  w>  ���������arssis  :JS:  iS^&B^Vmvtols  SfEfs&W'  s^  5n:5S������'.;  '���������::V '#������*'���������;  'iHSffc ^eiXJercoaa.1  I^^virjte)������"^!  se-  ���������:u������fc-.i:  I ��������� ��������� -��������� ���������'���������-������������������-'������������������'���������j  Germzuf*s'-pntmp^ c^jeet-irj|  'II  it  "3 S   "  I  ���������if  ��������� it  ii.  li;.  I  1  I  .i  'In  m  I  r  if  if  i  I  A   dti^..iWe ������w^.:������4:������������RI^tH^o*-this-wdfid���������rfiiledi-I  'ifr^^ freed^m-tlie British E^  C^otBti^Cdhtmhkio^^P^^  Tlrm f&et has;-alao.; been,?  jypp^rtamUes for all   Did Dot I &fmrjtbed by the absorbent' minds |  ������������������''SnioV#'^'������*T������aatose,'   Twesfors ������>/ the German people so thai!  jslvild keep'^wted.'on develop- every manf woman znd ehM oil  ,\to zemfflpYmh one object primzri-i  fly, and that object is thedestrueA  ftion of th������ British Empire sol  I that their"fetleb of "Deutchl&ndl  f-aber alles" nhaJi be fulfilled. |  ; Xbia ii5 the German menace. !  I Applied to Canada, the German j  I menace means this; thedestruc-i  | tion and daoiination of the Brit- j  I .fob. empire does not mean that f  J  g  You are judged by ihe  ���������tatiorwsry that you u������e.  Let u* do your job print'  ing. We will do it ri^hL  JustaFewofOiirLxdusiveSp^cialties  :fR;:exs5teQ^;^,<ieBeKi^ altllie^e^Jis^iftif ?0:7; 'Hue';  ^:;..-���������-223^-keener,������������������-���������'.Eajeb,-^0eC-.&���������;.^.     'V:<-.v--^-i ���������: -���������-'.:-;:'-.���������>:  OTB.;'dRjg^CO:- -APPIiBL^.li^l^aaffie^ 50a -:  :inaB:YA^IMENEPEACH-APEi5c^-:Ar^r^  - atlon of ibe\8Brieat#D&, peacb-;: .Hardy. -^Each;: $L00.''  .  :THE ������K0OMAH FBA3|QOEITE;:WALNDT. ���������.Produces food'  .������������������-������������������������������������'���������'of'greatMJO-tri'tloQs^valGe'on a bigbly ornaroeatal tree,  -���������������������������BaehSfL. / ';.:"',".,-���������'.'������������������..,: '.--.������������������'-.''���������."���������, ���������  THE SOUVBMIR EVERBEARING RASPBERRY.   The great-  vest���������ev-erbearer.   Hundred, $14.00.  SPECIAL.   SAMPLE   OfFER  We wsH send prtpaU to yoor oezrest JPtetioEi jrext'iSpsiBg on������ of each of  tt&e������e 'x^ileaiiidi trees sai s dozen ScsTerarr E^tspbe-rrtes -on receipt of aSo-00  HH,or C. O. 0. ^.50.   Order* siasefd be fdaced KOW for these or any  oilier <������f oer TyeB-kucrarja sw<ic   We 4o aoi dap into the Ulterior in the Fall.  ���������Cfi^-tt ������s M&3T fHPt������RrAJrT Hurt ord*r* &������ o������^t ill AT OttCE-tfc*  steefc ������M������t Im r*������������fyerf HOW.  The Britist Columbia Nurseries Go., Ltd,  1493 SEVENTH AVEKUE WEST  -      VANCOUVER, B. C.  Kvrs������ri*������ at Sardis.  ||||^|an    of M^^ Boys' and Children^  Q^ and Underwear  |������e ca|r^ the largest and most  pRlli-lite stock of Men's,  :^iP^^^ Children's Shoes  ���������i'WiB:  '  " ^.i ^    M   ���������)��������� ^y ^n" ' '^^M^l  WXa^wf     Xv^-  T������ V^OL  SI  JAJO"  l^ce. |-Men's Furnishings  tastes  S  ������  ,v  V-"  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles!  DUILD T2P YOUR HOME!  ^ TOWN. , 0o not taJk���������������ap-|  port hoirifi indugtrie^ ��������� talk ig^  %heap, The ������t way to show!  that yoitt are j. earnest is toj  jirracti^ett 1  Support the "Comi "er" and you |  are doing' mmething tor ymmM j  and your community.  ass  I  I  1  The Courier  $1 a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C  12  MatMMMW  ion  ������  'T'HE two princifKil rf&som  1   v/hy   you   uhoutd   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are;  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brand? produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BACON  HAMS  LARD  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packeri and Provi*U>ner������  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  COFFEE  The Coffee of Distinction  because   of   its   exquisite  flavor  Packed in our new hygienic  AIR- TIGHT TIN  The W. H. Malkio Company, Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  Setders, Prospectors, Hunters, Trap- :|  pers. Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over"'  ourstock- Nothing but the most suit- %  able articles are kept at prices that -a  invite competition.  m  >r������  m  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains'  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all description   ������  Best brands of Hour.     Feed and" Grain of all sort  ^  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices-Large  it Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  i  B.BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA,Bc  ' ftftifdi  rwHKh  TByiisl  ? %d  new  w  r   1  3S 22.  IfJay, September &2,   1917  BELLA- COOLA  COURIER  <GS  OrtT,  tii  1  lrJ'Jrt|  Pay erj  'cmik  car  'HIS   \  tso;  bit.  IsS?'5 *  ������������  -*3  Ltd.  ver,  ������ v.  UVlL'E  .'������  ,.,|.lvu t *'  Your Range Should Have  ���������a dependable oven, a good warming  closet, a durable and' ample-sized  firebox, easy-working grates, simple  draft control and a finish that requires  but littie attention to keep clean. All  these and many other desirable features will be found in  MXIaryfc  KOOTENAY RANGE  LONDON      TORONTO      MONTREAL      WINNIPEG      VANCOUVER  ST. JOHNz N.B _ _HAMILTON      CALGARY ,-f  EDMONTON  SASKATOON  fti  ment in exchange for his in-  ve, work hardships and the  s he pays?   I know of about  settlers in and around this  rict who have paid the gov-  ment for the land they got  sunk into it comparatively  e sums of money and years  inabated work without any  ie assistance they were prom-  at the start.    And it is ���������not  ause their places areunpro-  tive���������even without means.of  sportation  some can  drive  'tie to the market, but were a  d  wagon  road   provided all  in  could produce and export something. I offer my case as a typical instance of the conditions in  which many settlers of this district and similar localities find  ourselves in. <  j Over ten years ago I took up a  J ranch in the Upper Bella Coola  Valley, and what was then a  tangle of treesand brush by dint  of constant work, considerable  privations and the sinking in the  soil and farm implements of  every dollar I could make and  even borrow I have succeeded  now. in being able to reap many  Province of British Columbia.  DEPARTMENT OF LANDS.  Mmes Holden McCready Ltd.  Hfv Vancouver, B.C.'  0  LEADING WHOLESALERS IN BOOTS,  SHOES  AND   RUBBERS   FOR  MEN,  WOMEN AND CHILDREN.  D  Largest Manufacturers of Boots and  Shoes in Canada  .-^ nil  r������c-u~.  i STBHIft  PAGIFIG MILK  Prepared from pure, healthy,  fresh, cows milk. Nothing is  added, only water is taken  away.  YOU'LL LIKE PACIFIC"  FOOD  PRODUCTS  CO., LTD., Manufacturers  Office: 322 DRAKE STREET, VANCOUVER,' B. C.  0 ^Q  NOTICE.  Re Overdue Payments on Applications to Purchase Crown Lands  in British Columbia.  TyTOTICE is hereby given that, under  *��������� ^* the provisions of the "Soldiers'  Homestead Act, Repeal Act," any  person who did not apply under the  "Soldiers' Homestead Act, 1916," to  complete his application to purchase/  either by payment in full or by the  selection of a proportionate allotment,  may, by proving his interest and paying up in full the balance of the purchase price and taxes before the 31st  December, 1917, obtain a Crown grant  if proof satisfactory to the Minister of  Lands is furnished that such person is  suffering injury through absence of  notice or otherwise.  And further that the interest in uncompleted applications to purchase held  by any person on Active Service* may  be protected by notification to the  Lands Department of the fact that  such person is on Active Service and by  the filing of proof of the interest of  such person.  Further information will be furnished on request to the Deputy Minister  of Lands, Victoria, B. C.  Publication of this notice without  authority will not be paid for.       jel4  a ton of good timothy hay and  provide pasture for the maintenance and increase of a small  bunch of cattle. Still, in order  to do that, and having faith in  the future of our province and  the completion of the road to the  interior, I felt justified into going into debt in order to put  things on. a paying scale and  welcomed the establishment of  the Agriccltural Credit Commission as an institution filling a-  long felt want; I applied for a  loan which would give me time  to "get even" with the increase:  of cattle in the course of a few  years. After the appraiser's  visit, the Commission wrote:  "theinaccessiblity of your property would seem to be a bar to  its (the loan's) consideration and  while appreciating your .enterprise and the work you have accomplished until you can prevail  upon the Public Works Department to make a road into your  land I fear that we cannot entertain your proposition, ..."  (Continued on page 4, column 2.)  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  pOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  ^ Manitoba, Saskatchewan and alberta,  the 1' ukon Tkkritorv, the Nobth-west Territories and in a portion of the Province of  British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  t^venty-one years at un annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  ��������� Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Astent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be de^  scribed by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each.application must bo accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable out-  ��������� put of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accenting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.    '  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  - W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30690.  SUBSCRIBE TO THE "COURIER."  BUSINESS CARDS  Watch Repairs  Send your watch to us for guaranteed repairs at lowest prices.  A price given before proceeding with work. If not satisfactory, watch will be returned free  of expense.  O.B.ALLAN  Diamond Merchant���������Optician  Granville and Pender,Vancouver;B.C.  o    c  30E  0 H  Fur Sales Agency  . 600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission isonly 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  [Ol  |( IOL~~  Land Notices  WATER NOTICE  DIVERSION AND USE.  Take Notice that, the Smelters  1 Steel Company, a company  incorporated under the laws of  the State of Washington, with  an office at 422 Lum ber Exchange  Building, Seattle, Washington,  will apply for a licence to take  and use one hundred miner's  inches of water out of a creek  falling into the West side of Pean  Channel, North of Cascade Inlet,  adjoining the King Solomon Mineral Claim, which flows Southerly and drains into the said Dean  Channel about fifteen hundred  feet North West of Iron Island  in said Channel. The water will  be diverted from the stream at  a point about seven hundred and  fifty feet from high water mark,  and will be used for domestic  and mining purposes upon the  lands'described as the said King  Solomon Mineral Claim and an  area of about forty-five acres adjoining said mineral claim which  Smelter Steel Company has applied to the Minister of Lands to  purchase. This notice was posted  on the ground on the 22nd day  of August, 1917.  A copy of this notice and an  application pursuant thereto and  to the "Water Act, 1914," will  be filed in the office of the Water  Recorder at Vancouver. Objections to the application may be  filed with the, said Water ^Recorder or wifh the Comptroller  of Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings, Victoria, within 30  days after the first appearance,  of this notice in a local newspaper. The date of the first  publication of this notice is September 8th, 1917.  Smelters Steel Company,  Sep. 8-22.  APPLICANT.  Hy GEORGE A. PIDDUCK. Agent.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   OT   COA.ST���������SANOE   III.  Take notice that I, Frank Inrig, of  Wadhams, B.C., occupation cannery-  man, intend to apply for permission  to lease the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted at the  southwest corner of Lot 1041 on Goose  Bay, Rivers Inlet, thence east20chains,  thence south 20 chains, thence west 20  chains to the shore, thence following  the shore line to the place of commencement.  FRANK INRIG.  August 25th, 1917.  Sep. 1-Nov. 3.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTRICT   OF   COAST���������EAHQE   III.  Take Notice that the Smelters Steel  Company, a company incorporated under the laws of the State of Washington, intends to apply for permission to  purchase the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted at the  Northeast corner of the land applied  for and at about four hundred and fifty  feet East of the mouth of a creek falling into the West side of Dean Channel,  North of Cascade Inlet, adjoinjng the  King Solomon Mineral Claim, thence  North twenty chains, thence West  twenty chains, thence South twenty-  five chains more or less to the beach,  thence following the beach to the point  of commencement and containing forty-  five acres, more or less.  SMELTERS STEEL COMPANY.  Date, August 22nd, 1917.  By GEORGE A. PIDDUCK. Agent.  Sep. 8-Ncv. 10.  Ask Your Dealer for  "Minister Myles"  Shoes  "BERESFORD" Shoes for Men  "VASSAR" and "MISS CANADA" Shoes for Women  ,    1  ^  11  \X7HAT person so happy and content  ted as the prosperous farmer?  1UHAT person so independent?  lli/HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola  farmers are 'independent,  they are strangers to hard times.  View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  TTHE REASONS for this enviable condi-  * tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  IJELLA COOLA and the surrounding  ^ country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  i czzd CD  SUBSCRIPTION   RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscription* Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Ykar $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year.... $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. 0   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed  4W  9*  -jtik- **.' ������\.v. <JP-  f  -I,  1  lit  i  ' c  "i  3  ?!  I  to  I  II  i  ���������*���������������-  '3'  ���������ii  !!'  i'  If  a  HI  u  *���������!  e?  St  (J  jl  5S  .1.  ���������'���������������'  ���������.���������������'���������  si  1:  #6-  fa  if  I  5; If  I:  ?i.  II  I  t  ii  i  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  TheC  e courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1 Year  $1-00  6 Months    0.75  3 Month*        0.50  United States  1 Year $1-50  United Kingdom    *  1 Year $100  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  ' at owe.    Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  Births, Marriages and Deaths.  50c  per insertion.  For Advertising Rates,  Apply at  Office.  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the  name and address of avery writer of such letters  must be idyen to the editor. '  The Editor reserves the risrht to refuse publi-,  .. cation of any letter. AH manuscript at writer's  risk.  '&aliui prnralt suprpttta wrt Irx."  SATURDAY, SEP. 22, 1917.  Government By the Best  'Minds.  > A national government, we  understand, would be composed  of the best minds, but essentially, it would govern without op-  position'and without the annoyance of an inquisitive public  'prying into what it did. The  avowed .purpose of those who  promote such a government is. to  make it free to do as it will. We  have had for some; time a gov-  -j   "   ��������� -       .      ������  ernment- closely approaching  this-ideal. If not, composed of  the bestrhinds; it has been obedient*^ to* the _;best minds and  watched: byjah .ineffective oppo-  -sitiorr.fearful.of inviting, publi--  .--���������</'���������'*">���������'*��������� ���������        --     .  reproach.:  It takes "us into the  - bargain of Mackenzie and Mann.  What might befall, if the parliamentary opposition'-were cashiered, the prying public excluded  and government given over to  speculators and war contractors,  many will tremble to contemplate. It is so easy for the best  minds and the worst to confound  their own with the public interest,. -They have in the United  Kingdom, a National government  of men of all parties but the  Irish, but watched by an alert  opposition. Let that be imitated  here, if need be, but let the opposition be maintained. There  is no safety but in an alert and  courageous opposition.  Even_for the purpose of enforcing conscription, the wisdom  of interrupting the ordinary  course of parliamentary government is doubtful. It will be better to have the anti-conscription-  ists blow off their steam in parliament than in street meesings.  A free vent of steam in parlia  ment will, at all events, reduce  the pressure in the streets.  o     o     o    o     o  Pay, Pay.  The Hon. John Oliver, minister of agriculture, certainly has  the time of his life with the farmers of Cowichan over the surtax. The farmers all claim that  their taxes are too high and  should be reduced, instead of  this the Brewster government  has seen fit to double them.  The farmers as well as the real  estate men wanted roads built  and everything else; money was  borrowed by the millions at  high rates of interest, some of  this went into roads, but most of  it went to men who should not  have had it, and now the whole  province is reaping a just reward  for what the sowed in the good  times. Mr. F. J. Bishop, president of the United Farmers of  British Columbia, in a letter  printed in the Cowichan Leader,  says: "If the McBride-Bowser  government are to blame for the  deplorable financial condition in  which this province is in, then 1  say in fairness that all the farm  ers throughout the provinc  should'bear their share,of whatever taxes are necessary to put  the province in a position whereby itscredit would stand as high  as it did when the:late Sir Richard became premier." "���������  Taxation at its veiy best is unpopular, there is always a howl  against taxes. Even in the time  of Christ there was a decided  difference of opinion on taxes  and the tax collector.  The people of the province  wanted railways built and the  government borrowed on the  credit of the province and handed the money ovysr to these railway millionaires, this was done  with the full sanction of the taxpayers, including farmers and  others. The business interests  are paying their surtax so there  is no'reason why the farmers  should not.  ^baking;  POWDER  BAKING PGW&ER  CONTA1 NSf NO ALU M  Held by the Speculator.  - Hon. J. W. Weart, speaker of  the provincial-legislature, after  a recent visit along the Grand  Trunk Pacific railroad, has this  to say: "Iri my opinion^ the amount of agricultural land in the  north country is unlimited, yet  there is acoridition existing that  is not conducive to the best in-  ���������' terests of'the1 province. Hund:  reds of thousands.of acres of  arable lane] is^in the hands of  personswhoare'notusing it, and  thereby withheld from production. Not only this, but these  persons are holding the best of  the land, while the poorest and  furthest away from the roads is  left to the settlers."  Mr. Speaker Weart believes  that if the holders of crown  grants do not want to use this  will'have to meet the situation.  "No man or company of men,"  according to Mr. Weart, "has  ihe right to hold land and get  rich at the expense of the people  who are settling in the districts;  We have an empire of arable land  in the North, and there is plenty  of-land in other parts of British  Columbia foragriculturalsettle-  ment."  This is exactly what we have  said for years, that no man  should have the right to obtain  from the crown lands and then  .vithhold it from production .or  itilization, and it is hoped that  che.presentgovernment will cake  steps towards .having all this  vacant land handed over to settlers to make use of.  Between the talk of a Union  government at Ottawa and an  election something- is. sure to  materialize very soon.' However,  the election seems to be the foremost; Vancouver politicians are  taking to election very strongly,  many, can did atesr are in the field  and others will follow. Judge  W. W.B. Mclhnis of the County  Court, has quit the bench and  taken to the .stump against H/  S. Clements for the -Comox-Al-  Berni district. Among the many  that desire to be in the field for  Dominion honors the name of W.  J. Bowser is mentioned as'apossible candidate in the Conservative interest, while a number of  minor lights wish to have themselves put forward. In the Skee-  na district. Fred Stork has the  Liberal nomination, while. J. E.  Merry field is  likely to be the  Taxation Unfair to the  Pioneer.  once  "that  Andrew Carnegie said  something to this effect:  the pioneer never reaps himself  the benefit of his own labor, but  'the next generation will." Yet  ��������� there are still some men imbued  with the spirit of pioneering and  the government of every new  country tries to find them and  uses all means and blandishments  at- its disposal in persuading  these and other people not to  concentrate in and around cities,  but to,go forth and prepare the  ^unsettled areas for the Benefit  of future generations and the development of the country. But  once settled these pioneers are  in most cases left to themselves  to shift as best they may and the  promises given them at the outset are never or seldom kept.  I wouid like to know why a  rancher in the wilderness without a road or any of the advantages of organized districts should  pay the sameamount of taxes as  those who .followed the lines of  least resistance and located in  more favored places or have been  benefited by roads, etc., since  locating. _  this is not a ''square"deal."  In an age when all the world is  trying to remedy and change a  NEWTON  The Prince Rupert Empire  rMdftemseWesf7rto^is^seof hope of the Conservatives. Ex- man, who is a candidate for the  it at a reasonable price, or to co-  mayor S. M. Newton will- take  the field as an Independent.  This election is going to be a  operate with the government in  the advancement of settlement,          _  butonly'hold it for speculative!deep-thinking on the part of the  purposes, legislative enactment'electorate before deciding.  House of Commons for this Rid  ing  . While others stand for what  'momentous one and will requirerwill benefit their party, hestands  >.         .. ....      -        .   .  for what will benefit these districts.  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  Saturday, Scplcirikr^   \  Mackay Smith, Biair &��������� Co lu  VANCOUVER,  B. C.      '    Qt  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND  MEN'S ��������� Furnishings  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE  WEST'   braniy  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKIN^  Send for Catalogue  MADE    IN    B. CV  Prompt Attention Given I  eu" Ord,,  lot of wrongs I was in hope that  the humble though undoubtedly  useful if misguided fellow whom  we call a pioneer would come in  for his proportionate share of attention and relief:*this did not  materialize, but adding, in a way  to'������������������.speak,   i,;Kl,|t l0 ;ki  double  tax  is imposedVl  when there is no rea^J  ent why he should pa^.  single one. ' ':  What help .iocs the H- I  the-wilderm���������������.������ ^t fn^  Standan  THE  PEER  OF   BREAD   FLOUI  It is a.concrete fact that ROYAL STANDARD FL0U8'-'  has few equals in the whole world. A better flour cannot!  . be made.  What a pity if some of our Western homf bakers are an-.  consciously using some other inferior flour and pavingy]  much as ROYAL STANDARD can be bought for.  Order ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR from your grocer.     Off THIS" J  "   'Make your Bread, and your Buns, and your Ri>c������it?o;'  .,-  You're going to like the results as well or beiu-r than a  you'have had before from any make of flour.  Look-for  the   "Circle   V"   on  every sack  MILLED IN BRITISH COLUMBIA  ���������.iii,,i-, ��������� ^   i.  iii    r.n.ii. ���������������������������������������������---.  SOLD BY ALL STOREKEEPERS  *i!i  .*<!  Let the Tea Pot tell you  GREAT   WEST!  TEA  is Better.  '.fcCS  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO, Ltd. M  Wholesale Grocery-  Vancouver, b-{mm  ^  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD- g)j  -^ ������������������   m  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGKK SKliVRt  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER !/���������  every 5  S.S.   "CamOSUn"   Leaves   Vancouver  Thursday at 11 p.m.     (Victoria day previous.) ||  Leaves Bella Coola Sundays a. m.  f m  S.��������� S. " Coqiiitlam " sails from Vann  nightly, carrying Gasoline and Explosive  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  :\vr t'l,|t   j  will call f. *  ������%  For rates of Freights, Fares and other infonr,at:-'(. .I';0p ; '  Head Office, Carrall St., Vancouver; or Gkc -^i'" ' ^  agent, 1003 Government St., Victoria.  HOE  Advertise your Wants in the

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