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Bella Coola Courier Sep 15, 1917

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 4<C;'  ./- *&\-  13  ���������.-*���������".  IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCEL-  LENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  BELLA COOLA OFFERS ATTRACTIONS  EQUAL IF NOT SUPERIOR TO ANY TO  BE FOUND   IN  BRITISH  COLUMBIA.  VOL. 5���������NO. 39  BELLA COOLA, B. C SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1917.  $l.uu a  -Year  War News for the Week  Monday: Washington.-Sweden been acting as medium for  transferring German messages from German minister at Buenos  Aires, via Stockholm to Berlin. United States government likely  to break with Sweden and Argentine tojeclare war against Huns.  Tuesday: " Petrograd.-A state of war exists in Petrograd. Gen.  Korniloff demanded dictatorship and Premier Kerensky replies by  ordering commander-in-chief to resign, sending a successor to assume command of the army. Crisis most grave since the revolution. Cossack general wanted supreme power, civil and military,  and later would make own government to suit his pleasure. Gen.  Klembovsky appointed commander-in-chief.  ���������" Buenos Aires.-Swedish minister to Argentine, Baron Lowen,  denies despatches in cipher have been sent to Berlin by German  minister through Swedish legation at Buenos Aires. . Argentine  on;ul3 are unable to believe depatches sent to' Berlin accurately  translated, according to .newspaper accounts.  London.-British succeeded in consolidating and tightening hold  of positions southeast of Hargicourt last night. Sweden must explain hfir actions.'' Disclosures of" Argentine intrigue will otherwise involve nation in war.; Officials who catered to German interests must be summarily dismissed.' ^ ,  Wednesday: Petrograd.-Gen. Korhiloff-ordered his troops to  detrain at railroad, station Dno, march on and besiege Petrograd.  Government infantry moving out of the capital to oppose Korniloff's- forces. Gen. Denikine, commander of Russian armies on  southwestern front, telegraphed Kerensky he intends to support  Korniloff.. Lieut.-General. Smithri St. < Cherbatceff, commander,  of Russian forces on Roumanian-front, ordered hrs^armies and also  Odessa military, district to,take no part in the .conflict, butremain  true to provisionsf government' "Last'night reVeat'ed'effbrts'wer'e  made by the government .to induce' Gen. Alexieff, former commander-in-chief, to take command against Kprniloff, but refused.  London.-Times says Russian outlook dark' and affects war oh  every front, declares Korniloff not a'traitor, evidently felt there  was no alternative but for him to declare himself dictator. Chaos  and confusion likely to be more confounded. Sweden seeks explanation from Germany, will probe into circumstances attending  making catspaw of her representative in Argentine. Allies not  to act, leave world to judge. Revelations will have important effect on political situation in Netherlands. Week's toll of British  casualties, 22,626 officers and men. Local fightingjrpund Hargicourt and artillery fire around Ypres reported today.  . Paris.-French raiding parties last night penetrated German  lines in region' southeast of Vaux Tellot. In Champagne sector  Garmin supplies destroyed and a number of prisoners taken. German aviator during night dropped bombs in region of-Dunkirk,  soma missiles fell on a hospital, wounding five women. Agreement obtained from .belligerent powers by King Alfonso permit-  1 ting free movement of French and British hospital ships, also provided for removal from French hospital ships of German prisoners after today, on its part -German government will remove  French prisoners from exposed'positions on the front, where they  were placed as acts of reprisals. ���������  Washington.-Battle-between fleet of American vessels-and  their convoy and six German U boats off coast of France. Two  vessels of fleet sunk, probably one submarine lost.  Thursday: Buenos Aires.-Argentine government at noon today  sent to German legation passports to be delivered to Count Lux-  burg, German charge d'affairs in Buenos Aires. Agentine foreign  office sent a communication to German foreign ministiy demanding an explanation of Luxburg's action in sending secret code  massages to Berlin through the Swedish legation.  Stockholm.-Baron Lowen. Swedish minister to Argentine, not  to be recalled according to a statement by Admiral Linmin, minister of foreign: affairs. '��������� :.������������������������������������ , % ��������� .-'.���������������������������  Washington.-State department not content with. Swedish announcement that she will hot let. Argentine incident occur again.  Recall of Baron Lowen should be forced by Argentine.  Friday: London.-Britain lctet JBut twelve merchantmen, oyer  1600 tons last week. Francelorie/,; Italy none' No ne^s from  British western -front;     .V./i'  -r.*.  /;-i."V ;'.v':r.;':!i;-'���������'.;:; ���������   -V;^  Paris. -In region of Bixshoofe, Belgian front, violent bombard-  ment last night.   No news from French-western front.     ::.  Udine.-Italians and Austrians-engaged in bitter fighting for  possession of Monte Santo Gabrielle on Isonzo front. Austrian  attacks on. Bainsizza plateau all repulsed.  Amsterdam."Chancellor Dr. Michaelis will address the Reichstag today on. the American disclosures sent by Count Luxburg  from Argentine through the Swedish foreign office.  State of War in Russia  , Petrograd, Sep. 13.���������Premiei  Kerensky assumes position a?  commander-in-chief of Russian  armies, which will be held by  him at least until counterrevolution is crushed. Generals Denikine and Valuyeff, commanding  southwest and western fronts,  have joined Gen. Korniloff. - Provisional government today declared that a state of war. exists  in the town and district ol Moscow. "Government works with  Huns,''' declares Gen. Kornilofl  in manifesto to the people and  says his action is only prompted  by impending ruin, seeks nothing  but the salvation "of the Russian  people, will not betray the'country into- German slavery. , The  i  march towards. Petrograd continues, Gen. Korniloff's forces  are'now within thirty'miles of  the city..  Paris, Sep.,13.���������No news from  French front. Minister Painleve  formally reported to President  Poincajre today that he was unable to form. a. cabinet." 'Failure  due-to���������ejeyenth hour withdrawal  oftKe:'Socialists, Albert, THomas  and M. Varehni. .  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  London, Sep. 13.���������German assault eastof Hargicourt checked  by British; successful, raid near  Bullecourt,' foe. suffered, heavily.  Leslie Urquahart, most prominent mining and oil engineer in  Russia just arrived in London,  says military dictatorship necessary to save Russia. Confident  country will pull through. Korniloff man of action, Kerensky  honest visionary.  Russian Rebellion  Collapses  Petrograd, Sep. 14.���������M: Sko-  bleff, minister of labor in Ker-  ansky's cabinet, through Russian  official news agency today announced that Gen. Korniloff's  idventure had collapsed and the  xrmyat his his'headquarters had  surrendered. Gen. Korniloff expressed his willingness to surrender on certain terms, but the  o'rovisional government demands  his unconditional surrender.' Nu-  merous^delegatioiis from the rebellious army arrived at the staff  headquarters ofr the Petrograd  military district in a penitent  mood. Revolting officers may  puffer death, capital punishment  may be inflicted by military revolutionary courts. No fighting  is reported. Gen. Kornilofl' declared rebel and traitoi*, which  makes negotiations impossible.  Russians fighting desperately  and successfully against Germans on the north front despite  civil war between Korniloff and atripinto the interior has re  Kerensky. ��������� *, " ' '-' ' turned to town. Some two weeks  "   "��������� : : L  were spent  among,-the inland  mountains,.-lakes and .meadows,.  and/the  reliable   plumber has  come back the very picture of  health.   '-"  ���������   ���������  Mesdames  MacPherson   and  Christie were up   from  Ocean  In the great battle of Vimy  ridge two German field guns  were captured and it is reported  that one of them, with permission of British war, office, is be-  ing sent to Victoria. Many of  the Bella Coola boys were in the  battle of Vimy ridge and the  Courier readers w'ill remember  that-Fred Grant's company captured three machine guns,, of  which the platoon that Fred was  in accounted for two.  After being a resident.of Bella  Coola for many years Ralph Edwards-left on Monday's steamer  for Vancouver, where he will enlist for the war. Mr. Edwards  is a telegraph operator, by profession and will likely enlist as  such, although his ambition is to  join a flying corps.  Mr. Harry Hanson vjio, with  a company of local;people, took  summer months came from the  Queen Charlotte Islands, being  j towed over in large rafts.  While  the company are also operating  ?4Si  Berlin, Sep. i4.���������Under strong  Russian pressure^ German cavalry: ion* Riga-Wendon road withdrew from Moritzberg andMeu-  kaipen ���������   '       '  ' ' ' -   Russia Will Pull Through  Rome,.Sopt. 13���������United States  to be target; Kaiser will reply to  Pope,'but talk at President Wilson. Germany expected to accept the-, principle outlines in  Vatican note.  Casualties 7586;  Recruits 800  Ottawa, Sep. 13.���������Minister of  Militia! and Defence issued the  following statement: "Casualties at the front in the .Canadian  Expeditionary Forces for period  August 16th to 21st, so far reported, is 7,586, this covers exceptionally heavy fighting in and  around Lens where Canadians  were heavily engaged. Total  recruits for same period approximately eight; hundred."  '= Anti-German Riots-  " Buenos Aires,' Sep. 14.���������Rioting which began here late yesterday afternoon in an anti-German demonstration continued  throughout the night, every German business house and restaurant.ih down-town business section wrecked. German club and  other buildings damaged seriously by fire.  Sofia, Sep. 14.���������Queen Eleanor  of Bulgaria, died here yesterday.  Day of First CqllJs. Near  tr.   ' Ottawa.'Sep. 14���������Amendments  to voting bill made. In large  places polls will be opened at six  in the morning, civiliars must  be residents of Canada to exercise franchise. After lengthy  session bill now stands for third  reading. Day of first call is near.  Canadian exemption tribunals  must be complete by September  30. Men in first class urged to  submit themselves to medical  boards. Senator Bostock moved  six months hoist for C. N. R.  bill failed.  Falls during the week and spent  a day in town.  Last week, halibut took a decided jump in price- at Prince  large camps nearer the plants.  o   ������ 0  D.. C. MacPherson of the coast  forest service, was a caller in  town during the week. In this  district there has been no forest  fires that have been so common  in many parts of the province,  though not so destructive as in  former years. Mr. MacPherson  informed the Courier that R. C.  S. Laughlin, also of' the fire service, while on duty had a stroke  of paralysis and is now in the  hospital at Bella Bella. Mr.  Laughlin,/who is slowly improving, is a returned scldcr axi d was  alone at the time 'when the attack overtook  him  at Kildala,  <  Riyers Inlet.  - F. V. Delcourt, coast rq resen-  tative for the W. H.' Malkin Co.  of Vancouver, was in town during the week in the inteiestof  his firm.   This is Mr. Dekourtis  first visit'"to this section of the  coast and expressed himself well  pleased with his trip.  F. J. Beale^of the logging department^ the Whalan Pulp &  Paper Mills' at *Swanson Bay,  spent a day in town first part of  the week. '      '.  Salmon fishing has been satis-  ���������JT forget to bring in your Subscription  to the Courier���������The more support you  give us, the better paper we will give you.  Wheat Prices Fixed  .Winnipeg, Sep. 13.���������Board of  grain supervisors fix prices, the  same being identical with those  set by United States. No. lMan-  toba, $2.21; No. 2 Manitoba,  $245. No. 1 Alberta Red Win-;  ter, $2,21. No. 2 Alberta Red  Winter, $2.18. No. 3 Alberta  Red Winter, $2.15. Prices of  other grades to be fixed.  Winnipeg, Sep. 14.- Union rumors start afresh, Hon. Edward  Brown, provincial treasurer of  Manitoba, hurriedly 'called to  Ottawa. Some think election  may not be necessary. F. B.  Cai^ell|named/as possible suc-  cdssorl'-to;.' Sir- Wilfrid Laurier,  with Mr. Pardee, as chief lieut.  Montreal, Sep. 14.���������Negotiations in progress to provide credit of seventy-five million dollars  for Imperial government purchases of meat bacon, etc., in Canada.  Rupert. Carload lots sold for  over 16 cent's a pound, which is  the highest price ever paid for  halibut in the northern city. By  the time the ffsh is landed in an  eastern city the price will be almost as high' as butter.  The large mills at Swanson  Bay, owned by the Whalan Paper  & Pulp Co. Ltd., are running to  their full limit at present turning timber into pulp and paper.  There is also an increasing demand for shingles and a lot of  these are manufactured and  shipped east over the Grand  Trunk from Prince Rupert. The  town js also building up as fast  as conditions will allowand aside  from the regular population of  the place some twenty families  are.now residents, while; others  are moving their families in as  the housing permits. 'A large  amount of the /logs that have  gone into the mills during the  V FOR SALE  PIANO, for terms apply���������  Mrs. H. G. Anderson, Bella Coola  factory locally during the week.  Both at Kimsquit and, Namu  more salmon has been caught  than could be canned so considerable fish was sent here to the  Tallio Fisheries cannery to be put  up. The Bella Coola cannery has  had a supply from their.seinesat  Kwatna and with the fish obtained from the gill nets the plant  has been kept busy.  After a short visit to Vancouver Mrs. Chas. Draney returned  on the Camosun to Kimsquit.  The exhibits of farm produce  for the Prince Rupert Fair left  yesterday by the Chas. Todd for  Ocean Falls, from there they will  be shipped north on the S. S.  Chelohsin of the Union line. .-,'.-,  (Eljurdt Nflttrr  Sunday School  Church Service  10:45 a. m.  7:30 p.m.  ?       Preacher for Sunday���������Rev.  t    : W. H. Gibson.  \ All Are Welcome.  / BELLA COOLA COURIER  Saturday,  September 15,  19l7  The Courier  Published Weekly at LSklla Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1 Year  $1.00  6 Months   ..:. i   ... r.............   0.75  3 Months    0.50  United States  1  Year $1.50  '���������         United Kingdom  1 Year $1.00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as.soon as possible.  Births, Makuiaoes and Deaths.  per insertion.     ri  fiOe  For Advertising  Rates,   Apply,.at  Office.  To CORRRSPONUENTS���������While unobjectionable nn-  onymous communications will be published, the  name and address of every writer of uuch letters  must be given to the editor.  The Editor'reserves the riifht to refuse publication of any letter. All manuscript at writer'u  rlok.  '&ulua papuli supmtm tat hx"  SATURDAY, SEP. 15, 1917.  Our Birthday.  With this issue of the Courier  we are rounding our fifth year.  On the 14th day of September,  1912, the first copy of the Courier  was printed and submitted to  the public. Many were the gues-  ��������� ses as to our success or failure  in the undertaking, and we also  heard from the pessimist and  the "blue-ruin" fellow, yet we  have survived it all.  In  our first issue  we stated  plainly that the welfare of the  people is the first law'(Salus  populi suprema est lex) and this  motto we have carefully attempted to place, before our readers.  The ambition of the Courier was  for the upbuilding of Bella Coola  and Northern British Columbia,  and of necessity we encountered  the wrath of an hostile political  party with all its evil attendants.  The Courier has been tested and  has stood' the test, and is ready  for greater efforts in the future.  We have learned many lessons  during the five years and we now  stand stronger for.the battle of  right, trusting that our efforts  will be greater in the future than  in the past.  To those of our friends and  well wishers who have lent us  support in different ways we are  thankful, and hope for a'continuance of their support. ' To those  who' have not assisted us, we  wish to point out that an agency  which is for the good of all deserves the support of ail.  Q " 0:    o     o    o  Sir Charles Will Support  Borden.  Sir Charles- Hibbert Tupper,  speaking at Chilliwack recently,  said "he was going to favor the  Conservative government and  the immediate enforcement of  the military service act in the  forthcoming election, for a vote  for Sir Wilfrid Laurier meant a  vote in favor of delay in the enforcement of conscription. Sir  Charles said in part:  "The situation, from my point  of view, is this: In 1916, if not  earlier, we should have brought  themilitia act into force. It was  framed for effective defence. It  has at least twice before the  war been carefully considered  by parliament. If this unprecedented war was not an occasion  for its enforcement, the act is a  farce and should be repealed.  Under it we could have had long  ago all the men required trained  and ready for the front. No  business, no industry, no crops,  | need havesuffered unnecessarily.  The men called out could have  been detailed to serve anywhere  where most required. Some,  while soldiers, could have kept  thewhee)s,of industry in motion,  and others sent wherever most  needed. Many in Vancouver who  now support Sir Wilfrid Laurier  in his appeal to give that most  unfair, unequal and unsatisfactory system of voluntary service  a further trial, actually bombarded the present government  more than once in 1916 with a  demand that the militia act be  enforced.  "From the outset no man in  Canada has been more anxious  than I to see the full strength  of Canadian men and Canadian  wealth thrown into the scale of  this terrible conflict; but I have  also recognized the dangerous  argument over and over again  put forth that we should 'wait  and see' whether we have measures not only for putting forth  the men, but adequafe obligations on wealth and, the prevention of 'profiteering' as well."  o    o    o 1 o    a  A Record Potato Crop.  This is a record year in. the  growing of potatoes in the United States. The crop is estimated at 467,000,000 bushels, being  47 millions more than the record  crop of 1912.  . O    .0     o     o *. o '  It is declared that the intense  use of fish, which is a cheap, nutritious food, by the public will  play an important part in the  solution ofthe food problem during the war in this country. ^  The fishery industry in Canada  already employs 98,600 men; over  86,000 of which are employed in  the sea fisheries and the balance  in the inland-fisheries.  O       O      O      O '   o  War to Blame.  We have readof Pork Princes,  wm&mwm  HAS BEEN  CANADA'S  FAVORITE  YEAST FOR  MORE THAN  30 YEARS  IPil  ;MAK������PERFECtt  ':;;^v:-BREAD'2;:':;#  MADE IN CANADA  soaring. We pity the housewife  that has to pay Baron Broom his  price for an implement that  should be within the reach of all  but now has become a weapon of  luxury, or at any rate cannot be  so liberally applied on the husband's head as before for fear of  it wearing out.  O     O '  o     o     o  The Meaning.  What elimination of waste  means; feeding of the British  population; saving money to each  Canadian household, filling our  British brothers' dinner pails,  and finally winning the war.  O      O     ,0.0  The public men of the day,  after all, cannot be more than a  reflection of the people themselves. The fault, therefore,  must be laid at the door of the  masses who have for so many  decades allowed themselves to  be so politically manipulated by  machine management that they  have lost independence.'  o    o    o    o     o  Bella Coola, the Place.  Sir Alexander Mackenzie, the  celebrated Scotch explorer,  reached the Pacific ocean in 1793  after having performed the first  transcontinetal journey across  the-North American "continent.  As to which valley he came;dow'n  and as to where he first reached  salt water opinions 'have been  divided:' some give the honor to  Bella Coola, others to Kimsquit.  An unbiassed perusal, however  casual, of the explorer's published records will, we think, settle  the question that Bella Coola besides its other .unrivalled attrac-  tidewas out, and had left a large  space covered with seaweed. The  wind was from the west, which  was ahead of us, and very strong;  the bay appeared to be from one  three miles in breadth. . . .  "At two in the afternoon the  swell was so high, and the wind,  which was against us, was so  boisterous that we could not proceed with our leaky vessel, we  therefore landed in a small cove  on the right side of the bay.  Opposite to us appeared another  small bay, in the mouth of which  is an island and where, according to the information of the Indians, a river discharges itself  that abounds in salmon. . . - Our  Sausage Sirdars and.knights of tions and favors, also can lay  various kinds, but the.latest is claim to be being a place of un-  the Broom Baron. At the out-j usual'historical interest. Let  break of the war in 1914, corn-'Mackenzie speak, he knows best:  stalks' for the manufacture of  'Saturday, July 20, 1793.   At  brooms was $45 to $60 a ton, now about eight in the morning we  the profiteer has managed to got out of the river, which dis-  land it up to $450; just about ten charges itself by various chan-  times the price and it is still nels into an arm of the sea.   The  course from the river was about  west-south-west," distance ten  miles."  Can there be any doubt from  this that the place was Bella  Coola, and is it not reasonable to  infer that the cove named by  Alackenzie, Porcupine Cove,  where he camped the first night  on salt water, is Green Bay, or  Noose.ck as it is called by the  Indians? The place is now being  utilized for the establishment of  a large logging camp by the  Pacific Mills, Ltd. ,  . If there yet.should be doubts  lodged in the minds of some  hard-headed individuals of the  Kims quit faction, let them read  Mackay Smith, Biair & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  Who  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,  PANTS,  OVERALLS,  MACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  'MADE   IN   B. C."  Prompt Attention Given Letter Order*  a little further ih the,explorer's  records they will come to this  statement which Capt. Mackenzie wrote on the return journey  after having, by a narrow margin, escaped a violent death at  the hands of the natives:  "I determined, however, be  fore, my departure, to,take an  observation and at noon got a  meridian attitude making this  place, which I named Rascals  village,52.23.43.north latitude."  This is about half a degree  south of Kimsquit and almost in  the latitude of Bella Coola.  NEWTON  The Prince ' Rupert Empire  man, who is a candidate for the  House of Commons for this Riding. ' 4  While others^ stand for what  will benefit their party, he stands  for'what will benefit these districts. ",  MILLED IN BRITISH COLUMBIA  ROYAL STANDARDS without'exception the most  popular bread flour in Western Canada.    The  ���������    reasons for this are: ���������  - Milled especially "for household use  ' Great rising power.  Better-knitted, closer textured bread of full  food ..value."       . <     - ��������� --���������   ~ . :- -  -   More loaves-to the sack.  Prepared under conditions  of  snow-white  __ cleanliness. ' .>  From No. 1 Canadian Hard Wheat.  i  ,. Tested daily, insuring absolute' uniformity  year in and year out;  Look  for  the   "Circle   V"   on every sack  SOLD BY ALL STOREKEEPERS  IB!  ^���������&A  Let the Tea Pot tell you  GREAT  WEST  TEA  is Better.  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  HOC  3|������  HOE  &  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT AND PASSENGER SERVICE  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  S. S.      CaroOSUH     Leaves Vancouver every  Thursday at 11 p. m.    (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Sundays a. m.  S. S. "Coquitlam" sails from Vancouver fort-  nightly, carrying Gasgline and Explosives, will call  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  For rates of Freights, Fares and other information, apply to  Head Office, Carrall St., Vancouver ; or Geo. McGregor,  agent, 1003 Government St., Victoria.  W  u>  i  to.  I  i  IK  ������  K:  r ,  is  w  h  t.  hoc  5|o[c  hoc  Dili?/  ise yoir  in  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY. 70  Saturday, September 15,  1917  ' BELLA; COOLA COURIER  F<8  to.  ft  fc������  IK  ."-������  ^  I;  ?  i  A Convenient Range  The Kootenay Range has a ventilated  oven, with nickeled steel walls* drop  door, tested, thermometer and a flue  system that directs; the heat twice  around the oven. The grates are  easily shaken, dampers handy and  fire always under perfect control. Write  for booklet.  VK3sry%  KOOTENAY RANGE  LONDON     TORONTO     MONTREAL     WINNIPEGI      VANCOUVER  ST. JOHN, N.B.     HAMILTON     CALGARY 18  SASKATOON     EDMONTON  Ames Holden McCready Ltd.  Vancouver, B. C.  LEADING WHOLESALERS IN BOOTS, f,  SHOES  AND   RUBBERS   FOR   MEN,  WOMEN AND CHILDREN.   ���������  0  Largest Manufacturers of Boots and  Shoes in Canada  jJKfc.   '.  ft"  6:  PACIFIC MILK  Is clean, sweet, pure,  and-most economical.  'YOU'LL LIKE PACIFIC"  FOOD PRODUCTS  CO., LTD., Manufacturers  nmMFinn*      IT I Itn/MTlfrDr   D     fi  Ask Your Dealer for  ' "Minister Myles"  Shoes  "BERESFORD" Shoes for Men-  "VASSAR" and "MISS CANADA" Shoes for Women  -h w^=m  ii '��������� ������������������  WHAT CANADA IS  FIGHTING FOR.  By J. T.'OGtNDY. PLD..M.E.  The progress of the German  nation from' the earliest times is  based entirely  on  devastating  wars of  conquest.    From   the  time the barbarian Hun tribes  cames into contact with the first  European civilization, the Roman  empire in 113 B.C., and gradually overthrew and dominated it  their devastating wars against  civilization   have"   been waged.  The,se wars, i. e., the "One hundred years" war, the "Thirty-  seven years" war,  the "Seven  years" war,   and   coming into  more recent times the Danish  war Jof 1864,  the war against  Austria in 1865 and the Franco-  Prussian war of 1870 have all  been fought, not for the advancement of civilization, but solelj  to satisfy the Teutonic lust for  conquest and power. These facts  have been acknowledged by various German writers and strategists from time to time, particularly in more recent times by  Bismark and von Moltke.   With  reference to the last three wars  the present war is' a direct result  of this "war heritage", of the  Teutonic people.   The fact that  war is the national heritage and  destiny of the German people;  that they owe their progress to  war; that through war they have  become, in their own minds; the  most "cultured" and the mightiest people in the world;   that  through war they must ruthlessly sweep away any' obstacle to  the retention of themselves on  .that pedestal  of. might;. that  111 L uugxr~w������i"7i.ucjf "in ud fc~ aw?y'������wiv������-  if possible their sway of domination���������these facts have been  preached, taught, nourished and  absorbed by the absorbent, in-  itiative.aad-"superstitious minds  of the German people for centuries. They are willing to fulfill  at any cost.the great German  doctrine of "Deutschland Uber  Continued on page 4, column 4.  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  COAL MINING RIGHTSof the Dominion, in  Manitoba. Saskatchewan and Alberta.  tbe Yukon Territory, the North-west Terri-  i TORIES and in a portion of the Province of  British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  arte. Not more than 2.660 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent  of tbeldiBtrict-in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $6 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for arc not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of live cents per ton.  The person operating the mine Bhttll furnish  the Agent with sworn returns acco������ntin]g for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royally thereon. If th,o coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once n year.      '  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  ut the rate of (10.00 an acre.  * For full information application should bo  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  ot Dominion Lands.  - W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. ������.���������Unauthorised publication" of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30690.  . -r^-   r i  SUBSCRIBE TO THE "COURIER."  .BUSINESS CARDS  Watch Repairs  Send your wateh to us for guar-,  anteed repairs at lowest prices.  A price given before proceeding with work.   If not satiafac- ���������  tory, watch will be returned free  of expense.  O. B. ALLAN  ���������   Diamond Merchant���������Optician  Granville and Pender,Vancouver.B.C.  Fur Sales Agency  WATER NOTICE  DIVERSION.AND USE.  'Take Notice that the Smelters  1 Steel Company, a company  incorporated under the laws of  the State of Washington, with  an office at 422'Lumber Exchange  Building, Seattle, Washington,  will apply'for a licence-to take  and use- one. hundred miner's  inches of water out of a creek  falling into the West side of 1 >ean  Channel, North of Cascade Inlet,  adjoining the King Solomon Mineral Claim,'which flows Southerly and drains into the said Dean  Channel about fifteen hundred  feet North West of Iron. Island  in said Channel. The water will  be diverted from the stream at  a point about seven hundred and  fiftyTeet from highwater mark,  and will be used for domestic  and mining purposes upon the  lands described as the said King  Solomon Mineral Claim and an  area of about forty-five acres adjoining said mineral claim which  Smelter Steel Company has applied to the Minister of Lands to  purchase. This notice was posted  on the ground onrrthe 22rid day  of August, 1917.  ���������".,A copy of this notice and an  application pursuant thereto and  to the "Water Act, 1914," will  be filed in the office of the Water  Recorder. at Van couver. t- Ob j ec-  iiohs to /the.' application 'm ay be  filed with the said Water" Re-  cbrder-or- with the -Comptroller  of Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings^. Victoria, within 30  days after the first appearance  of this notice in a local newspaper. The date of the first  publication of this notice is September 8th, 1917.  Smelters Steel Company,  Applicant.  By GEORGE A. PIDDUCK, Agent.  Sep. 8-22. i -  600 dealers and trappers ,of .B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage'of our Fur Sato Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of. the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will ad-  VttMisM-;.>-prt'*t-diV. uf vcuuu-uun'i.^i.lpi*,-  sending balance immediately after sale.'  Our commission is'only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER^ B. C.  on  nor:  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTRICT  Or   COAST���������RANGE  XXI.  Take notice that I, Frank Inrig, of  Wadhams, B. "C, occupation cannery-  man, intend to apply for permission  to lease the following described land:  Commencing at' a post planted at the  southwest corner of Lot 1041 on Goose  Bay," Rivers Inlet, thence east20 chains,  thence south 20 chains, thence west 20  chains to the shore, thence following  the shore line to -the place of -commencement. B  ���������     FRANK INRJG.  August 25th, 1917.  Sep. 1-Nov. 3.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTRICT  OF ' COAST���������BANGE  XXX.  Take Notice that the Smelters Steel  Company, a company incorporated under the laws of the State of Washington, intends to apply for permission to  purchase the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted at the  Northeast corner of the land applied  for and at about four hundred and fifty  feet East of the mouth of a creek falling into the West side of Deun Channel,  North .of Cascade Inlet, adjoining the  King Solomon Mineral Claim, thence  North twenty chains, thence West  twenty chains, thence South twenty-  five chains more or less to the beach,  thence following the beach torthe point  of commencement and containing forty-  five acres, more or leBS.  SMELTERS STEEL COMPANY.  Date, August 22nd, 1917.  By GEORGE A. PIDDUCK. Airent.  Sep. 8--Nov. 10.  PRINCE RUPERT EXHIBITION  September 19���������20���������21  Greatest Agricultural and Industrial Show in the  North.        Over $3000 in Cash Prizes  GRAND INDIAN BAND CONTEST  Baseball ��������� Football ��������� Water Sports  Particulars to  be   had from  the Secretary at Prince Rupert  ' 1  i^i  C=3\\C  X1LTHAT person so happy and conten-  ted as the prosperous farmer?  WHAT person so independent?  WHAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola farmers are independent,  they are strangers to hard times.  View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  HPHE REASONS for this enviable condi-  ���������*��������� tion of affairs are obvious ��������� to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. , The climate is mild and enjoyable; long" warm summers with sufficient  rainfall, and mild winters make for excellent crops.     '  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  ] r~i  CZD t  SUBSCRIPTION  RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year    Six Months   Three Months .............  UNITED STATES.  One Year...........:.......  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year.  -$1.00  ..$1.00  .. 0.75  .. 0.50  $1.50  ���������Subscription blank.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO.,, LTD. -  BELLA COOLA, B. C.      '.  "���������''(>'-. .'.''������������������'       ,"..''       "'..'"  Enclosed pleasefind............;  for Bella Coola Courier, for.......;..  '���������'���������   Name.................  .subscription  P. O.................:,........  Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed  mk  I  I  1:  if ���������  ^^fe-^si'.i....  '^"T:; ;'-���������  :.,:l:'i:_l_ BELLA COOLA COURIER  Saturday, September 15,   19\'7^\  /  ubscnbe  *���������  for the  otiner  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  ������gaiBS!>SBig3s^^  ASViHERST  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coasl between Vancouver, and  Prince Rupert.    - ^  A distance of six hundred miles.  // will he to your interest to keep bell informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER*'  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public. No manufactur-  er or whoiesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  ^ cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  TOWN. Do not talk���������support home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  $1 a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  oners  ggers  Prospectors  are in a class by themselves  They have been tried and  tested for over Fifty Years  and have not been disappointing.  ASK YOUR MERCHANT FOR AMHERST  "HOME-MADE" ZAND  AMHERST  HALIFAX  WHAT CANADA IS FIGHTING FOR.  (Continued from page 3.)  Alles" backed up and reinforced  by Bernhardi's doctrine "Might  is Right." These are the* real  facts upon which the present  gigantic and bloodthirsty struggle are based���������a struggle of  Right against Might. Thestrug-  gleof freedom against ruthless  domination. In view of these  facts, Great Britain's stand in  the war explains-itself. .Great  Britain has always, championed  the cause of freedom. The Union  Jack has waved in "the" winds'of  the four quarters of the globe as  the emblem of freedom. It is,  therefore, the most evident obstacle to the realization of "the  arrogant German ambition of  ruthless world domination. - ���������  " Germany's principal object in  this war is,* therefore, the destruction of this wonderful edifice of freedom���������the British Empire. ' This fact has also been  absorbed by the absorbent minds  of the German people so that  every man, woman and child of  Germany is united body and soul  to accomplish one object primarily, and that object is the destruction of the British 'Empire so  that their fetish of "Dcutchland  uber alles" shall be fulfilled.  This is the German menace.  Applied to Canada, the German  menace means this: the destruction and domination of the British empire does not mean that  0  'THE two principal reasons  *   why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisioners  Calgary    .Vancouver    Edmonton  the Germans want England, they  don't; for them if would bean  extremely expensive acquisition.  The Germans want' Britain's  overseas dominions, and of the  dominions she has picked out  and wants Canada. - She wants  Canada above all others because  Canada is the pearl of the British empire and also'on account  of Canada's strategic importance  and situation asasteppingstone  to the conquest of the;New  World.' Canadians are fighting  FREEDOM OF THE SEAS.  The claim of Germany that she  is fighting for the freedom of  the seas is as truthless as her  earlier claim that she was defending herself against Russian  invasion. Germany has had the  freedom of the seas. She has  built up her phenominal merchant marine without let or hind-  ranee from the British fleet, entering the ports of the .world at  will. She has. been absorbing  England's ancient trade practically under the, protection of  England's ships of war. Bear in  mind that.it is but a few years  since that the British fleet was  rapidly becoming obsolete. It  was the building of the German  navy, and the constant threat of  German attack, that impelled  England to a rebuilding of her  fleet. Nothing but the German  menace produced England's naval renaissance. Had Germany  pursued commercial methods  alone, her ships might have sailed  the seas unchallenged, and much  of the maritime commerce of the  world have been freely hers.���������  'G. D. Herron, in "The Menace  of Peace."  in this" war, therefore, not primarily to help England; in this  connection Canada's participation is.purely as an aid to world  civilization in general. Canada  is, therefore, fighting in this  war for her very own life,-for  her very own freedom. Canada  is fighting to achieve one object  primarily and this is "that the  Canadian shall be supreme in  Canada and not the German."  Just a Few of Our Exclusive Specialties  THE GOAL'EVERBEARING APPLE. The only everbearing  apple in, existence. A delicious all-the-season fruit. Fine  tree, each, $1.00.  THE VANDERPOOL RED APPLE. The great export apple  and keeper.    Each, 50c.  THE ORENCO APPLE.   The best dessert apple.   Each, 50c.  THE YAKIMENE PEACH-APRICOT. A remarkable combination of the apricot and peach.   Hardy. ��������� Each, $1.00.'  THE VROOMAN FRAN.QUETTE WALNUT. Produces food  of great nutritious value on a highly ornamental tree.  Each$l.  THE SOUVENIR EVERBEARING RASPBERRY. The greatest everbearer.   Hundred, $14.00.  SPECIAL, SAMPLE.  OFFER  We will send prepaid to your nearest station next Spring one of each of  these splendid trees and a dozen Souvenir Raspberries on receipt of a $5.00  bill or C. O. D. $5.50.   Orders should be placed NOW for these or any  other of our well-known stock.   We do not ship into the interior in the Fall.  N.B.-lt is MOST IMPORTANT-that orders lie sent In AT ONCE-the  stock must be reserved NOW.  The British Columbia Nurseries Co., Ltd.  1493 SEVENTH AVENUE WEST        -   -  Nurseries at Sardis.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  The Coffee of Distinction  because   of   its   exquisite  flavor  Packed in our new hygienic  AIR-TIGHT TIN  The W. H. Malkin Company, Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1895.  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Sfapie and Fancy  Groceries  Hi  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATJNG AND COOK STOVES  < ,1  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  sible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes    &    $  O I'  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  ~  Settlers, Prospedtors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mosT: suit- .  able articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  %  Paints - Oils - Varnishes - Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.   Prompt service  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD BtXtlti  day, September  15,   1917  'BELLA COOLA= COURIER  A Convenient Range  The Kootenay Range has a ventilated  oven, with nickeled steel walls j drop  door, tested thermometer and a flue  system that directs? the heat twice  around the oven. The grates are  easily shaken, dampers handy and  fire always under perfect control. Write  for booklet.  VLcQssry%  KOOTENAY RANGE  LONDON  - TORONTO      MONTREAL     WINNIPEG      VANCOUVER  ST. JOHN, N.B.     HAMILTON     CALGARY 18  SASKATOON      EDMONTON ���������  Ames Hplden McCready Ltd.  ;;'y:y/: yyjfaricouvery B.C.  Largest Manufacturers of Boots and  Shoes in Canada  LEADING WHOLESALERS IN BOOTS,  SHOES 'AND''RUBBERS   FOR   MEN;  WOMEN AND CHILDREN.  0  PACIFIC MILK  Is clean, sweet, pure,  and-most economical.  YOU'LL LIKE PACIFIC"  FOOD  PRODUCTS  CO., LTD., Manufacturers  ���������"���������       *���������������������*������* ������F* ������-tn"t       i ,   4   If/^AI  t i/ro D       /"*  Ask Your Dealer for  ',"Minister Myles  Shoes  "BERESFORD" Shoes for Men  "VASSAR" and "MISS CANADA* Shoes for Women  a:  WHAT CAN ADA IS  FIGHTING FOR.  22:  52  By J. T.MCANDY. Ph.D., M.E.  The progress of the German  nation from the earliest times is  based entirely on devastating  wars of conquest. From the  time the barbarian Hun tribes  cames into contact with the first  European civilization, the Roman  empire in 113 B.C., and gradually overthrew and dominated it  their devastating wars against  civilization have been waged.  These wars, i. e., the "One hundred years" war, the "Thirty-  seven years" war, the "Seven  years" war, and coming into  more recent times the Danish  war "of 1864, the war against  Austria in 1865 and the Franco-  Prussian war of 1870 have all  been fought, not for the advancement of civilization, but solely  to satisfy the Teutonic lust for  conquest and power. These facts  have been acknowledged by various German writers and strategists from time" to time, particularly in more recent times by  Bismark and von Moltke. With  reference to the last three wars  the present waris a direct result  of this "war heritage" of the  Teutonic people. The fact that  war is the national heritage and  destiny of the German people;  that they owe their progress to  war; that through war they have  become, in their own minds, the  most "cultured" and the mightiest people in the world; that  through war they must ruthlessly sweep away any obstacle to  the retention of themselves on  .that pedestal   of   might;   that  if possible their sway of domination���������these facts have been  preached, taught, nourished and  absorbed by the absorbent, in-  itiative.aad-vsuperstitious minds  of the German people for centuries. They are willing to fulfill  at any cost the great German  doctrine of  "Deutschlarid Uber  Continued on page 4, column 4.  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  GOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  . Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.  the Yukon Territory, the North-west Terri-  i tories and in a portion of the Province of  BRITISH Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the A������ent or Sub-Agent  of tbe.<liBtrict������in which the riehts applied for  are situated. ...  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee Of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of,the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If th,e coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the leB3ee may be permitted to purchase -whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of {10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of. Dominion Lands.  v    ��������� W. W. CORY,  ��������� "���������'-.". ���������-.  . Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication'of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30690.  SUBSCRIBE TO THE "COURIER."  BUSINESS CARDS  Watch Repairs  Send your watch to us for guaranteed repairs at lowest prices.  A price given before proceeding with work. If not satisfactory, watch will be returned free  of expense.  (X B. ALLAN  Diamond Merchant���������Optician  Granville and Pender,Vancouver, B.C.  J.OZ  a������  Fur Sales Agency  WATER NOTICE  DIVERSION AND USE.  "Take Notice that the Smelters  1 Steel Company, a company  incorporated under the laws of  the State of Washington, with  an office at 422 Lum ber Exchange  Building, Seattle, Washington,  will apply for a licence*to take  and use one. hundred miner's  inches of water out of a creek  falling into the West side of 1 ������ean  Channel, North of Cascade Inlet,  adjoining the King Solomon Min-i  eral Claim, which flows Southerly and drains into the said Dean  Channel about fifteen hundred  feet North West of Iron Island  in said Channel. The water will  be diverted from the stream at  a point about seven hundred and  fifty feet from highwater mark,  and will be used for domestic  and mining purposes upon the  lands described as the said King  Solomon Mineral Claim and an  area of about forty-five acres adjoining said mineral claim which  Smelter Steel Company has applied to the Minister of Lands to  purchase. This notice was posted  on the ground on the 22nd day  of August, 1917.  A copy of this notice and an  application pursuant thereto and  to the "Water Act, 1914," will  be filed in the office of the Water  Recorder at Vancouver. .Objections to the application maybe  filed with the said Water Recorder or with the Comptroller  of Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings, Victoria, within 30  days after the first appearance  of this notice in a local newspaper. The date of the first  publication of this notice is September 8th, 1917.  Smelters Steel Company,  Applicant.  By GEORGE A. riDDUCK. Agent.  Sep.8--22.  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for/3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but/will ad-  sendtng balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  30E  0   0  Land Notices  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTRICT   OP   COAST���������BANQE   III.  Take notice that I, Frank Inrig, of  Wadhams, B.C., occupation cannery-  man, intend to apply for permission  to lease the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted at the  southwest corner of Lot 1041 on Goose  Bay, Rivers Inlet, thence east20 chains,  thence south 20 chains, thence west 20  chains to the shore, thence following  the shore line to the place of com  mencement. ���������  August 25th, 1917.  FRANK INR.IG.  Sep. 1-Nov. 3.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTRICT   OF   COAST���������BANOE   XII.  Take Notice that the Smelters Steel  Company, a company incorporated under the laws of the State of Washington, intends to apply for permission to  purchase the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted at the  Northeast corner of the land applied  for and at about four hundred and fifty  feet East of the mouth of a creek falling into the West side of Dean Channel.  North of Cascade Inlet, adjoining the  King Solomon Mineral Claim, thence  North twenty chains, thence West  twenty chains, thence South twenty-  five chains more or less to the beach,  thence following the beach to the point  of commencement and containing forty-  five acres, more or less.  SMELTERS STEEL COMPANY.  Date, August 22nd, 1917.  By GEORGE A. PIDDUCK. Agent.  Sep. 8���������Nov. 10.  PRINCE RUPERT EXHIBITION  September 19���������20-21  Greatest Agricultural and Industrial Show in the  North.        Over $3000 in Cash Prizes  GRAND INDIAN BAND CONTEST  Baseball ��������� Football ��������� Water Sports  Particulars   to   be   had from  the   Secretary at   Prince Rupert  r^  rr=] rni r==i  XILTHAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  AUHAT person so independent?  IUHAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola   farmers are independent;  they are strangers-to hard times.  View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  HTHE REASONS for this enviable condi-  ���������*��������� tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  ^ country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  SUBSCRIPTION   RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscription* Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. 0   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed t  < k  i  li  i  it  ii-  I!  5 i  V  '* r  t ������  H  6 !  t  i  t!  I!  ���������li  S (  n  *s  BELLA COOLA edURiErt  Saturday,  The Courier  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1  Year  $100  6 Months       0.75  3 Month.    0.50  United States  1  Year ;'��������� $1-50  United Kingdom  1  Year........! :... $1-00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once./ Changes in address-should be  sent m as soon as possible.  Births, Marriages and Deaths.  per insertion.  50c  ago all the men required trained  and ready for the front.    No  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by business, no industry, no crops,  THE BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING Co. LTD. j ^ havesaflfered UnneCeSSarily.  The men called out-could have  been detailed to serve anywhere  where most required. Some,  while soldiers, could have kept  thewheelsof industry in motion,  and others sent wherever most  needed. Many in Vancouver who  now support Sir Wilfrid Laurier  in his appeal to give" that most  unfair, unequal and unsatisfactory system of voluntary service  a further trial, actually bombarded the present government  more than once in 1916*with a  demand that the militia act be  enforced.  ,  "From the outset "no man in  Canada has been more anxious  than I to see- the full strength  of Canadian men and Canadian  wealth thrown into the scale of  "this terrible conflict; but I have  "also recognized the dangerous  argument over and over again  put forth that we should^ 'wait  and see*-whether we have measures not only 'for putting, forth  the men, ;but adequate .obligations on wealth and.thVpreven-  tioh of 'profiteering' as"well:V.  YEAST CAKES  HAS BEEN  CANADA'S  FAVORITE  YEAST FOR  MORETHAN  30 YEARS  MAKE PERFECT ���������  - BREAD-  MADE irjCArtADA  For Advertising " Rates,  Office.  Apply at  To Correspondents��������� While- unobjectionable an-  ~~ onymoas communications will be published, the  name and address of every writer of such letters  moat be given to the editor.  The Editor reserves the right to refuse publication of any letter: All manuscript at writer's  risk.  '&alus pupuli aupmna eat l������.*  SATURDAY, SEP. 15, 1917.  ?Oar Birthday.  With this issue of ^he-Courier  we are rounding our fifth year.  On'the, 14th day of September,  1912, the first copy of the Courier  was printed and/submitted to  thepuSlic. Many were thegues-  ses as to bur success or' failure  "in the undertaking, and we also  heard from  the pessimist and  ��������� - *  the "blue-ruin" fellow,-yet we  have survived it all." '- ,  In bur first issue we,stated  plainly .that .the welfare of the!  people- is... the -first1 law'' (Salus  populi suprema e'stiex) and this  motto wehave carefully attemp-  soaring. ' We pitythe housewife  that has to pay Baron Broom his  price for an implement that  should be within the reach of all  but now has becomea weapon of  luxury, or at any rate cannot be  so liberally applied oh the husband's head as before for fear of  it wearing out.  C   . O       O       O      <3  t  The Meaning. .  What- elimination of waste  means;.'feeding of ^ the British  population; saving money to each  Canadian.household, filling our  British brothers' dinner palls,  and finally winning the. war.;  A Record Potato Crop.   ���������  This-is a-record"year,in the  ���������growing of potatoes in the United States. The crop is,estimated at 467,000,000 bushels,'being  47 millions more than the record  crop of 1912.'/ _-"  ted to place^before- ourjreaders.  The ambition of thle.Courier;was -*  Itis.declared.lhat the intense  use of "fish, which is'a'cheap, nu-  tritious food, by\the public wilt  play an important- part:;ln" the  ���������SQlu&QflrQfffi-?- f<^"rirhri3/=������m d n r-  .' for.the-up6.ui[dingof Bella Coola  and NortheTO^Bfitish Columbia^  and- of' ii ecessity we en countered  tHe~ wrath of: an hostile-political  ;party with allots eyil attendants!  The Courier has been tested and  lias stood the test, and is ready  for greater efforts in the future.  We have learned many lessons  during the five years and we now  stand stronger for .the battle of  right, trusting that our efforts  will be greater in the future than  in the past. ^  To those .of our friends and  well wishers who have lent us  support in different ways we are  thankful, and hope for a'continuance of their .support. ' To'those  who" have not assisted us, we  wish to point out that an agency  which is for .the good of all deserves the support of all.  o ' o    a    e    o  Sir, Charles Will Support  Botden.  Sir* Charles-JIibbert Tupper,  speaking at Chilliwack recently,  said he was going to favor the  Conservative government and  the immediate 'enforcement of  the military service act in the  forthcoming election, for a vote  for Sir Wilfrid Laurier meant a  vote in favor of delay in the enforcement of conscription. Sir  Charles saidUn.p&rt:  "The situation; from my point  of view, is this: In 1916, if not  earlier, we should: have brought  the militia act into force. It was  framed for effective defence. It  has at least twice before the  war been carefully considered  by parliament. If this unprecedented war was not an occasion  for its enforcement, the act is a  farce and should be repealed.  Under it we could have had long  :-\  ing:the;war.in^this country;  The'fishery industry,in Canada  al ready em ploy s;98,600 m en; over  86,000 of which are employedjn  thesea fisheries and the'balanee  in the inland fisheries/    .'  j. o     o     o     o     o  \Var to Blame.  We have read of Pork Princes,  The public men of the day,  after all, cannot be more than a  reflection-of the people themselves.-.--The fault, therefore,  "must be laid'at the-doorof the  masses^who have for so-many  decades allowed themselves to  be. so politically manipulated by  machine 'management that tEey  havejost independence." .. ,.���������  ������ O O O O   r   ��������� ������������������  V^  I- w  Bella Coola, the Place..  .-Sir Alexander Mackenzie,' the  celebrated S.cotch explorer,  reached the Pacific ocean in ,1793  after.having performed tile, first  transcontinetar journey: across  the *"Nortli/ American' '"continent;-  '-^   - ."   -'%'.       ���������*". - J    "-'l-       ?   ,'/   i     -if'.  ^ f.    ������^rrrU';/il.   .j.rf Tl ry^r t.'n  y������n .^f) fy   tlftTH"  and as-'to where "he "firstreatititd  salt water opinions'have-been  divided;' some give the honor-to  Belia Coola?-dthers'to.Kimsquiti  AnunbiasseCfperusal, however  casual, of the explorer's published records will, we think, settle  the question iha't Bella Coola besides its other.unrivalled attrac-  tide was out, and had left a large  space covered with sea weed. The  wind was from the west, which  was ahead of us, and very strong;  the bay appeared to be from one  three miles in. breadth. . . .  "At two in the afternoon the  swell was so high, and the wind,  which was against us, was so  boisterous that we could not proceed with our leaky vessel, we  therefore landed in a small cove  on the right side of the bay.  Opposite to us appeared another  small bay, in the mouth of which  is an island and where, according tothe information of the Indians, a river discharges itself  that abounds in salmon. . . Our  course from the river was about  west-south-west,' distance   ten  miles.".  Can there be any doubt from  this that the place was Bella  Coola, and is it not reasonable to  infer' that the cove named by  Mackenzie, Porcupine Cove,  where he camped the first night  on salt water, is Green Bay; or  Noose<;k' as it is called by the  Indians? The place is now being  utilized for the establishment'of  a large }ogging camp by the  Pacific Mills, Ltd.  <_ If there yet ^should be doubts  lodged- in ther minds of some  hard-headed individuals of - the  Kimrquit faction, let them" read  Mackay Smith, Biair & Co Ltd  VANCOUVER,  B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS  AND MEN'S  FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF  "PRIDE  OF THE  WEST'   BRAND  SHIRTS,   IWNTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  MADi:   IN    B. C  Send for Catalogue  Prompt Attention Given Letter Ord  a little further in the explorer's  records they will come to this  statement which Capt. Mackenzie wrote on the return journey  after.having, by a narrow margin, escaped a violent death at  the hands of the natives;-  "I determined, however, be  fore my depart ii.-. l0 ^  observation and  at noon ^  meridian   attitude rnak      '  place,   which  I   named  village, 52.23.43 r.orih  This  is  about  r.  south of Kimsqtj  RastJ  latitude.*!  al! a 'km  a!i(J a!ir,o$(J  the latitude of Bt :;t r  '.ooia,  Sausage Sirdars and knights of tiohs and favors, also can lay  various kinds,-but the.latest is claim to be'being a place of un-  the Broom Barons At the out-j usual" historical interest. Let  break of the war in 1914, corn- Mackenzie speak, he knpwsbest:  stalks' for the manufacture of  "Saturday,~July 20, 1793.    At  brooms was $45 to $60 a ton, now' about eight in the morning we  the profiteer has managed to got out of the river, which dis-  land it up to $450; just about ten charges itself by various chan-  times the jprice and it is still nels into an arm of the.sea.    The  Royal Standard Fl  our  MILLED IN BRITISH COLUMBIA  ROYAL STANDARD is withoufexception the rr est  popular, bread vflour in Western Canada. The  reasons for this are:  Milled especially for household use  :- Great ..rising- power.  v Better knitted, closer textured bread < : full  of   snow-white  ^ -Prepared, under conditions  cleanliness.  From No. 1 Canadian Hard Wheat.  -   Tested daily, insuring absolute uniformity  ;.    year*in and year out.  Look  for  the* "Circle   V"   on  every sack  . SOLD BY ALL STOREKEEPERS  NEWTON  The Prince v Rupert Empire  man, who is a candidate for the  House of Commons for; this Riding.  While others stand for what  will benefit theirparfy, he stands  for" what will benefit these districts.   ���������  =1  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  tet the Tea Pot tell you  GREAT   WEST  is Better.  LEES0N, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B.C.  (M  m  301  ��������� C  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SK  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  S. S.   "CamOSUn"   Leaves   Vancouver  every  Thursday at 11  p. m.     (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Sundays a.  m.  S. S.   "Coquitlam"  sails   from   Vancouv.  nightly,  carrying Gasoline  and   Explosives  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  .rt-  v.;;  For rates of Freights, Fares and other information. ���������  Head Office, Carrall St., Vancouvek ; or Geo. Mi1'  agent, 1003 Government St., Victoria.  hoe  <���������������  f1 C:  m  1  Advertise your Wants in the Courier  m

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