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Bella Coola Courier 1915-10-23

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 ���������. voU WANT GOOD SPORT  Sor BELLA' COOLA. EXCEL-  Snt HUNTING AND FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR SEPTEMBER.  Compiled  by  Mr. C.  H.  Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, G6.    Minimum, 44.  Highest Max. (11th) 76. Lowest Min. (11th) 34  Rainfall, 2.12 inches.  IVOL. +-NO.  I^^Depots Fired  is Oct. 21.���������The war office  ������Wdth������ following official com-  *.1S,UC   ,. . ^;/rV,f.   "The con-  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 23,  1915,  $1.00 a Year  Austo-Germans Use  Explosive Bullets  Petrograd,   Oct.  21.  Offi  ciai  Creation tonight  ir   ted fire of our batteries communication .says: "When w  J%ploded large depots of muni  ll'tions in the German lines north  ^e Aisne and to the south of j Baronvichi   u  jJfovarinFarm."  pjjulgaria Faces  I        Popular Rising  I London, Oct. 21.-~Despatches  ffrom Bucharest indicates that a  liolent campaign is being waged  Id Bulgaria over the question of  Itbatcountry's intervention in the  |rar. Oneof the opposition news-  fpapers accord ing to the despatch,  l|as gone so far as to threaten  fie King with a popular rising.  | Much indignation   has   been  Saused in Rumania by Austrian  feithorities at Salzburg arresting  ^Michael  Cantacuzen,   formerly  fSurnanian Minister of Justice,  Iwho was returning to Bucharest  |from Paris.   The arrest it is alleged was due to finding of a  -letter in his possession addressed  ito Filipesco, leader of the Con-  ffservatiye party. -*.���������������_  captured  German and Austrian  positions in region .southeast of  was   found   that  the enemy was preparing to use  aphyxiating   gases   against   us.  South of the Pripet marshes we  took by assault a series of trenches on the left bank of the Stry  below Rafalo'voko.    On occupation of the village of Kromovoko  we  captured  over -100 soldiers  and two machine guns.    Austrians and Germans on the left bank  of the Stry continue to use nothing but explosive bullets."  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  S. S. Chelohsin arrived about  two o'clock Sunday afternoon.  She brought with her I. Fougner,  Indian agent, Dr. W. J. Quinlan,  and Miss Stickle.  ie outgoing passengerswere  Lon  Torn  Martin Stenswick  of cannery fame;   A. H.  nson,   horticulturist,   and  ?Riijnania May Soon  Enter the Conflict  -- *   If Petrograd, Oct. 21.���������The Ru-  f.manian envoy who has arrived  |hereona mission from the Rumanian foreign office, states that  fe ������������������.'������������������' ��������� ��������� ��������� ���������-  |the Rumanian army and nation  ������are wholly on the side of the Entente Allies and that Rumania  .will soon abandon her neutrality.  He points out that premature ae-  tion<n the absence of an adequate  supply of munitions might have  j-placed the country in a terrible  situation. Now that we are almost ready, the envoy is quoted  as adding, we can reckon on an  army of 600,000 men, which could  |.; ^increased to over a million but  for the question of munitions.  Inducement Offered  Greece to Enter War  London, Oct. 21.--Great Britain has made a formal offer of  the Island of Cyprus to Greece  as soon as Greece undertakes to  intervene in the war on the side  of the Allies.  It is believed the offer will  create an excellent impression in  Greece since it is an actual present concession and not a mere  promise, which Germany might  suggest would never be carried  out.  \vi-v Fougner returned after a  six weeks' holiday spent viewing  the wonders of the Panama Exposition and visiting friends in  California and Washington. We  regret to learn that Mrs. Fougner was obliged to remain at  Vancouver, caused by an illness  which is not, however, of a serious nature.  Dr. W. Quinlan is back on his  periodica! visit. His many friends  are glad to see him in our midst,  although they would be glad if  there was no need of his presence.  Alfred H. Tomlinson, provincial horticulturist, did not make  his visit with us this time as long  as it was hoped for. Neither  was he able to do as much work  as he intended because he was  ���������-- j suffering from a severe attack of  Pooling of Coal Shares !"eur^,iak HLe assures/s thf  ������ he will be back soon and provide  for the instruction of the farmers in matters pertaining to their  calling.  Martin Stenswick, after spend-  Dr. Young's Name Mentioned  in Pacific Coast Coal Case  Victoria. Oct. 11. In the case  of the Pacific ("oast Coal Mines  Company against some seventeen  defendants, which began yesterday before Mr. Justice Clement,  quired by purchase and inherit  sensational evidence is promised. jance his father's farm.  The afternoon proceedings  and  S. Le C. Grant, Aytoun Ranch,  announces that he has for free  distribution a few hardy biennial  and perennial bulbs. They are  Canterbury Bells, Forget-me-  nots, Long-spurred Columbines.  A. Atkins, W. Linnell and Chas. | As lon������ as the supply lasts all  comers will receive, two of each,  six in all.   The lecture at the Colony Hall  was not the only event at Hagensborg last Saturday. ' The Ladies'  Aid Society of the lower part of  the valley had its annual sale at  the hall. The weather had conspired against the success of the  undertaking. But the spirits of  the ladies in charge rose to the  occasion and with the persuasive  appeals by the auctioneer, Mr.  P. Lauritson, the sale netted $118  Refreshments were served free  of charge on the well established  theory that man is more tractable when his appetite is satisfied..  R. O. Jennings, road-superintendent, has accomplished the  seemingly impossible. He, together with H. G. Ariderson, F.  Broughton and V. Clayton, has  within the space of nine days  ascended the mountains, following the winter trail, visited Ana-  ham Lake, and went as far as  Tudestan; then returned and explored the wilds of Stillwater  and Lonesome Lakes, travelling  some hundreds of miles on horseback. He enjoyed the trip immensely, and so did his companions, with one exception, and that  was Mr. Jenning's horse. . It  must be conceded it bore its  heavy burden with christian  fortitude and patience, hoping  against hope that its weighty  load would roll off; but it didn't.  Mr. and Mrs. Jennings left on  Mr. Sutherland's launch Impala  last Wednesday for Bella Bella.  PATRIOTIC ENTHUSIASM AT FLOOD TIDE  In spite of a steady downpour  lasting nearly all day and" in spite  of the resulting muddy roads and  a threatening sky, the people of  Hagensborg and vicinity, with  quite a sprinkling from distant  parts of the valley, gathered at  the Colony Hall last Saturday  evening to listen to a lecture on  "Why Great Britain went to  war."  Mr. P. Lau.itson in a few well  chosen remarks introduced Mr.  C. Carlson, the speaker, to a  crowd which had known him for  a number of years. It is not  within the province or limit of  this account of the meeting to  give a synopsis of the speech  which lasted nearly two  hours  into the greatest war in history.  The speech concluded by the  audience singing the national  anthem.  But this did not have the usual  effect of dispersingtheaudience.  The chairman in an eloquent  speech, amid almost continual  applause, expressed his satisfaction with the recital of Britain's  story and asked the audience to  express the same sentiment.by  rising to its feet. Which was  done under a fresh outburst of  applause, then someone proposed  three cheers for the speaker,  which was given, and then three  cheers and a tiger for the Allies.  After mutual handshaking and  felicitation the meeting broke up  Miss Stickle is the new teacher  for the Firvale school. Her sister taught that school last year.  ing two years with us, found it  necessary to return to his native  land, Norway. He will be engaged  in   farming,   having  ac-  this forenoon were taken up by  W. J. Taylor in reading the ex-  News From Bella Bella  .  Dr. W.  J.  Quinlan  came  up  fawn Bella Bella last Sunday.  ^e cannery at that place which  has been fish ing fall fish has just  .closed with a very fair pack.  The doctor had viewed the  wrecked Mariposa and he is able  ;'to inform the public that 1200  ; tons of freight will have to be  '���������Shtered in order to be able to  toake a proper survey of the ship  befor\2 any repairs can be commenced.  The Mariposa was making a  sfN of sixteen knots "at the  lltT1e she struck the rocks, and  JlldS'ng from this the forward  p*rt is much damaged. The  P acc of the wreck is not exposed  0 heavy seas, though there may  e some danger of her turning  l"'tle;and as far as it is possible  ^cautions are being taken to  prevent this  by   the   wrecking  C0|npany.  A. Atkins, W. Linnell and C.  Lord, have spent the summer at  ..      c     ,. ,. i    i>   the cannerv.    The community is  animation for discovery oil,. 11   .   , ,,   , ,   ,, ",  indebted to these young men for  Wishard of New York and John  lheir kind assistance at the social  Arbuthnot. public gatherings held duringthe  Wishard told of the pooling of summer; and it is the  earnest  stock in the orginal company bv 'hope of their numerous friends  six   large shareholders and* the'that nes\ sprin* wiH See them  ,. ^ ,- ���������  , ..        ,. '������������������ back at the cannery,  setting aside ot ^lOo.OOO lor poll-; _.    tical purposes. Mr. Arbuthnot i The Ladies'Aid Society of the  denied that it was for that pur- townsite at their meeting held at  >--���������'. ..i .i.���������( ���������������������������!,,,���������_: Rev.  T.  C.  Colwell's  residence  Wednesday, decided to post-  pose, but admitted Hint ten bun  dred and  fifty shares had been  what   his pro-  tin'Se,  Dr.  given him, above  portion was. ami that  one thousand unv for I Ion.  Young, who was an old friend of  his since lSS-1, and whom he had  promised that if ever he took  anything up in this province he  would give him an interest in it.  The case will last sonic works.  concert which  to   be  held at  las  pone the sale am  were announced  ,l���������. hotel hall today.  The sale will be held some time  m.xt month, the date of which  will be announced later.  News reaches us from Firvale  that Mrs. T. R. Astleford died at  her home on the 14th of October  after a protracted illness. She  leaves a husband and several  children to mourn her loss. We  extend our sympathies to the bereaved family. The funeral took  place last Monday.  Joseph O'Connor of Vancouver,  formerly captain of the S.S. Swan  of Namu, has been spending a  holiday with the Sutherland's.  He left a few days ago to join  the First Canadian Pioneer Corps  with whom he has enlisted for  the war.  It is understood the Pioneer  corps is already on the way east.  It consists of 500 officers and  men enlisted on the coast.  and  was  listened  with  intense! about ten o'clock.    It is not too  ! t  interest by the ��������� large audience'much to say it was the most en-  throughout. Applause was of j thusiastie meeting ever held in  frequent occurrence as point I Bella Coola and was worthy of  after point it was shown how j the great cause which had called  Great Britain had lived up to her | it together,  treaties, had used all her influ-J    The speech was  delivered hi  ence and prestige to prevent the  great conflagration and, finally,  to retain her honor and protect  the weak who had put their trust  in  her,   she  boldly _ went forth  the Norwegian language, at> its  close the speaker was asked to  give one on the same subject in  English on November 6th at the  same place, which was agreed to.  FORMAL OPENING Of THE  HOSPITAL SATURDA Y, OCT. 30  For a   number of  years  the j she displays in getting things in-  people of Bella Coola have, with  some government and outside  assistance, been building and  equipping a hospital. This enterprise haspassed through many  to shape.  For the first time in the history  of the hospital a permanent nurse  is in attendance, who at present  is up to her ears in a thorough  vicissitudes, and in spite of the; overhauling   and    cleaning   up  long time and amount of money campaign of the place from cellar  spent it yet requires some things to garret,  to make it ready for the recep-j    Dr. Sutherland, feelingassured  Oliver T. Kellog, his brother  lver, and Ivan Estensen went  out to their cattle ranch at Taileo  ������������������-r%������fr' ntr> rtr> rtrr nr? r*������  HORSES  wintered at the Constan-  tia Ranch, Atnarko Uivei.  on the best upland tuno-  thv hav.  ���������('barges. $k> b>r six  months November to  April, inclusive: or .-,.,  per month.  No hor.������.������lolivrr������������l will.-,., full  .etllemenl of cl.nrK--      M'l>>  M   W. MAKVIN.  J������0  As announced in our last issue  tlR. government set apart the  21st   of this  month   (Trafalgar^  iViv) for an appeal to be made | last Tnursday. They took with  ,-,,',.' fun(ls on behalf of the British j tnem two tine heifers. They will  Kt,(| Cross Society .  tlu, short  notice afforded to^vmtei  community.   F.   Proughton  ������r>**  On account! tend  stock  and clear land this  o  this  i  tended  Mrs.  Sageng  as   wel  has   decided  that  the time for  .giving   contributions   be  ex- vf  to the 20th next. !������  F.  C.  Clayton,   Rev. H. ' J  M,.. O. T.  Landry, [i  ,\   Broughton,  arejC  (CIuUtIj Efattr*  Sunday School  Church Service  -    10:45 a. m.  -   7:30 p. m.  ami  as  authorize*  tioiis.  1  to  receive c  ontribu-  All Are Welcome.  Reo.   T. C.  Colwell, B.A., Pastor  tion of more than one or two  patients. The reason for this  long delay may not be found in  the lack of interest or willingness to contribute on the part of  the public, but, rather in a lack  of interest shown by the different resident physicians in charge.  It is not intended to intimate  this lack of interest to be a reflection upon their character or  ability, but rather a result of an  unpromising outlook for a wider  field of operations. Their interest lagged and sooner or later  they sought larger fields.  The people of Bella Coola maybe congratulated upon Mrs. VV.  Sutherland's appointment to the  position; and as she has been a  resident of the place for a number of years beforehand, it is  hoped and believed she will continue her stay as physician for a  long term of years. Her professional ability is of the highest  order; being a graduate with the  highest honors from the university of Edinburg, the recipient  of 19 medals and a scholarship,  as well as numerous prizes in the  form of instruments.  Dr. Sutherland is showing her  keen interest in the affairs of  the hospital by the energetic way  that all the residents of the valley  will come to the aid of the hospital as soon as its needs are fully  known and understood, announces that Saturday the 30th day  of October (one week from today)  the hospital will be thrown open  to visitors from 3 to 5:30 o'clock  in the afternoon. .  ������������������-'-  An earnest invitation is extended to all our people to set aside  that day for the purpose of visiting the doctor, see the hospital  and get acquainted with its needs.  Tea and coffee will be served to  all comers. This gathering will  be in the nature of the opening  of the hospital. We have not  learned of any literary program  for the occasion; it will be an informal social gathering, where  everybody can take part and discuss matters.  It has been pointed out that  the most pressing needs in equipment are a sufficient 'supply of  linen, curtains, some furniture,  kitchen utensils, one or two  heating stoves, and furnishings  of one more ward. The doctor  would be glad if those who have  linen to spare would bring such  to the meeting.  Let everybody now show their  appreciation of the new management by turning out in large  numbers and thus make the occasion a success. BEL LAkCOOLA COURIER  The! Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  tije Bella Coo^a Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  .' Canada  1 Yiar     $1.00  6 Monthi    .��������� .0.75  3 Months        0.50  United States  1 Year! 'r $1.50  United Kingdom  1 Year.... .\ ..������ .- $1.00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please" notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible..  For Advertising  Rates,  Office.  Apply at  To Correspondent's���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, thr  name and address of every writer of such,let ten  must be (civen toithe editor.  The Editor reserves the rig-ht to refuse publication of any letter.    AH manuscript at writer's  ' risk.    ' ���������    ,  Vancouver Office - - 317-323 Cambie St.  ���������&altia jmpult sitjinnna rat lex."  SATURDAY,  OCT. 23, 1915.  \Y7e beg to remind, our'readers that the Courier having completed its.third year  the subscriptions of all our  early subscribers are" now due  for renewal. ���������  The management wishes to  thank ouri numerous readers  "for their support during the  past and-trusts tora continuance of the same in the.-future.  The subscription rate remains at $1  per year, payable strictly in 'advance.  show he has not moved in the  right kind of circles.   If he really  is anxious to arrive at the truth  in this respect, we will -tell him  where he can get it.    Let him  write the governors of the nineteen different prohibition states  of United States, beginning with  Maine and Kansas, and follow it  up to South Carolina.    If these  gentlemen   who have  more experience than we think The Week  has, agrees to its assertion we  shall be convinced that it is right.  There is one point more in the  same'article we   will  examine>  He argues it is necessary to have  ihe liquor evil-amongst us in order to strengthen the* character  of the people.      "Man  is not  strengthened by the removal of  terhptation, but by resisting it."  And so he concludes it is right'  and nocessary-for.society to put  pitfalls,   stumbling   blocks   and  temptations in. the way .of humanity..   We really  wonder if  that man ever read his bible or  went to church.    He lives in a  land professedly christian and yet  he dares to proclaim such theories!  "There is only one'power abroad  who deliberately defies God and  tempts men, and .we do hope  The Week really cannot mean  that it allies itself with' that  power. We cannot believe that  anyone whVprays "and lead us  not into temptation,"^ will deliberately put that thing in the'  Saturday,  October 23  19,1  Stillman, representing the Ministerial Union of the Lower Mainland of British Columbia. Never  have speakers had such close and  attentive hearing. For over  three hours the big audience  listened attentively, breaking into applause when point after  point was made.5'  These ministers of the gospel  who have a sacred calling and  therefore in self-interest if nothing else, must walk more cireum  opinion that "The Crisis in B.  C," now so well known that it  is not necessary to explain what  it is,'has by the-masterly reply  given it by. Hon.W. J. Bowser  last July, been buried  so deep  that it never would be heard of 'spectly than the lay sinners, and  again.- These fond hopes have'^o WOuld suffer professionally  been completely blasted. On }n stepping over the line of pro-  the 1st of this.month at Vancou-priety> they frequently at this  ver the spokesmen of the Minis- meeting branded statements  terial Union of the Lower Mainland "resurrected the "old thing"  and now it again walks the earth,  spreading terror to the evil doers  and their political supporters.  We know and admit that these  by the Attorney-General 'as "deliberate falsehoods" made in an  effort to hide the real conditions  from the public.  We hope these speeches will  be published^ in pamphlet form  are strong words and should not'an(j scattered broadcast over the  be used under ordinary cireum-' pr0vince in order that the vorers  stances;* but we will say to our'may fuuy realize that there is  critics, ''please take and read indeed a crisis in B.C. and that  the full reportof the proceedings. jove for the welfare of the land  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd  VANCOUVER, B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  "MADE    IN    B. C."  Send for Catalogue Prompt Attention Given Letter Ord  We Reply to "The Week."  f  .   The Week charges   that the  measure .proposed by the prohibitionists to "be submitted at a  plebiscite wjll not accomplish the  results claimed for it.    It says it  is only "apretence," that it will  not abolish;liquor in any sense,  etc.   We arje not prepared to discuss the merits of the Prohibition  Act in question, nor do we think  it is necessary for the Courier to  do so.  The Act proposed is identical  with the one adopted by such  overwhelming majority in Alberta, and has by the friends "of  prohibition (assembled at a convention held at Vancouver been  found a model, which they did  not feel called to improve upon.  The Week ^must indeed suffer  from a severe attack of conceit,  when it dares to impugn the. intelligence of this gathering. He  also calls,the measure a "pretence," whi^h means that these  good peoplejof the convention at  the bottom of their hearts did  not want what they were so  urgently advocating; but were  trying to deceive the confiding  public. Itis a pity that an honest,  intelligent citizen like the editor  of The Week was not present to  set things \ right and get an  honest and 'intelligent measure  adopted.     ���������  The editor further claims that  prohibition increases private  drinking and he says that for this  reason the results of prohibition  are lamentable. That men will  bring liquory to their homes and  thus their jsanctity is invaded,  and, he adds, "such legislation  has been ��������� discredited in this respect wherever it has been  applied."  Well, we must admit that we  are like the man from Missouri.  This may be the experience of  the writer of that article, and he  says it is, but it  only  goes to  way of . his  brother.    It really  i  smacks, of blasphemy. .  We make .this assertion, it is  riot necessary' to -have war to  develop courage, endurance, etc.,  in a nation, but these virtues  develop just as well if not better  in times of peace, as "this war  has proven. Neither is it necessary, to have the bar in order  that character be developed.  The state need not worry that  there will not^be enough temptation to develop character without the bar.  In spite of all the childish arguments brought against prohibition the liquor traffic is doomed.  "Our Godlis marching on."-  o    o     o    o    o  The Dead Have Risen.  As has been stated before in  these columns, the Conservative  of the meeting referred to and  then you will,,- we .believe, say  our words are not too strong."  Remember,'that the speakers  there were/not. politicians seek-  ing"������public "preferment or men  who were to gain by the downfall of the government in apolitical sense.  ��������� They were ministers  of-the  gospel who were backed.by over  sixty of the .ministers belbnging  to the Union, who all live either  in Vancouver or the immediate  vicinity.. \Dozensof other ministers throughout the province are  in  full 'accord ' with ; the* "stand  taken by the Ministerial' Union,  and this fact alone gives a wieight  to the,statements made at the  meeting which cannot be ignored  or put aside.*  -We reproduce'the very strong  expressions made by "The Sun"  of Vancouver, at the beginning  of its report of the meeting:  "Never before in the history  of this or any other province of  the Dominion has such damning  evidence "and-irrefutable statements of fact been adduced  against'the government of the  day, as were submitted to an  audience that more than filled  Dominion Hall to its utmost  capacity,  by Rev. Dr. Mackay,  should tower above love for party  and .friends, and determine their  action in the next election.  Are the People to Blame.  Quite often .when deplorable  political conditions are discussed  expressions are made to the  effect that the people themselves  are to blame and are generally  agreed to on the 'theory that in  our system "of government the  people are the rulers and express  -their .will through their representatives.  -   .   .   ���������  We do not agree to this proposition. It is not to be expected that the general public shall  be so well versed in all matters  pertaining to the administration  of the affairs of state that they  should be able to hold intelligent  opinions on every problem that  crops up. And even if it for a  moment might be conceived that  the people were so eminently superior in point of education,  knowledge and information, and  what else might be required, yet  there would be no unanimity of  method of what to do in every  case; there would be such a  diversity of opinions that action  would be impossible.  The people cannot be blamed  for conditions which they do not  control or understand the reason  Gault Brothers Limited  WHOLESALE T)RY GOODS  361 Water Street        Vancouver, 8. C.  <J   Gault Brothers for over 60 years have successfully  maintained wholesale warehouses throughout Canada  <J  The Vancouver stock is the largest and best assorted  stock on the Coast, in some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES  SMALLWARES  RIBBONS  Ready-to-Wear  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  House Furnishings  CARPtkS  LINENS  DRESS GOODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  press  has fully   expressed   the Rev. A. E. Cooke and Rev. R. F.' for   It isof the highest import  ance for the welfare of the state  that the people are well educated  along practical lines and itis not  necessary to state that most civilized countries recognize this  fact and provide for such education ; but even an enlightened  electorate is not sufficient to give  the country a good government  and avert the dangers of graft | few months  and misrule.  kEvery land must have men who  have a capacity for statecraft,  these men,* together with this  natural ability, -must also be  honest and industrious. To these  men the people should entrust  the management of their public  affairs, keeping at all times a  close watch upon their way of  fulfilling their duties.  And if there is just cause for  complaint it should- be pointed  out, and if there is no improvement forthcoming others should  be substituted who would not  commit the same errors complained of in their predecessors.  One trouble in party politics is  that one party will condone even  the gravest errors in the public  servants, while the other party  is always finding fault even when  there is no real necessity for it.  Patriots These.  About three years ago a royal  commission was appointed to enquire into the values of the various Indian ' reserves, or some  such thing, and, after nearly  three years of untold hardship  on sea and land these valiant  gentlemen are staying right with  the job.    Their tenacity is woij  derful in face of the dangers  be faced in the mountains, o|  the rivers and on the sea.  In order to make certain tha  there can be no possible error  their findings, they make retur  visits   periodically,   with con  mendable zeal.    During the hi  they  have visitel  this  far  northern  iarm seven!  times, and are here again.  0J  this  occasion,  they   have chas  {'ered the Chelohsin for the trip  in order that the trials of ill  journey might be brought dovrl  to a minimum.    Incidentally th  cost of the Chelohsin to the con  ���������mission is $700 per day, but wha  care they, the good work mi  be carried on regardless of cosi  Two years  ago   they chartered  the Queen at a total cost of some  thing like $13,000, just toshov  what they really couid do whed  they felt like it.    After making  a trying trip to Port rXsingconl  they proceeded to the wilds oj  Port Simpson.    Logically theij  next stop would have been some!  where up the-Naas, but someond  of the party must have wanted  to see what a train looked like!  so they put back to Prince Kupi  ert, just to get another glanc^  at civilization before coiitiiiumf  their hazardous work.  An Indian commission musi  travel, and the government tesj  of anything is its cost, that  why such prices were paid fofl  binoculars, foundered horses)  etc. The higher the price.  better the article. The  the work of a corr.mi~>'i'"-������  thfl  test o^  is \h  HOE  >H  hoe  UNION* STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  CI  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SK1'\  BETWEEN  Vancouver, Bella Coola and Prince Rupert  Ml  l\S-  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY,  ^J[  S. S.    CAMOSUN"  Leaves Bella Coola for Prince Rupert at 6 p. m.  day Sept. 30; Oct. 14, 28l; Nov. 11, 25; Dec. 9  Leaves Bella Coola for Vancouver at 10 p. m. I'Vi'toi'  Oct. 8, 22; Nov. 5, 19; Dec. 3, 17, 31.  S. S. "Coquitlam" or S. S.  "Capilano  from  Vancouver every week, carrying Gasoline  Explosives, will call at Bella Coola by arrangement  sailing  and  For rates of Freights, Fares antl other information, "  Head Office:, Oakham, St., Vancouver; or (Jfio. M,('  agent,  1003 Government St., Victoria.  appi.V w  KKf.on,  JO!  3 ���������  0  y'^'*^i^ft^Mifa^SiB^^^V^ ������#Hat������v**ta 5Sfo  ^*^r*^4i,w.A^^iyi^t^ ^ m ^j^ hjnt^^.ji^^^^ Ik  0cloher21,lM  BELLA  CCOLA  COURIER  Point Blank Aim  You come nearest to taking  "point-  blank"  aim when you use the famous  NITRO CLUB  "c~-J Shells"  Steel-lined -- an exclusive Remington-UMC  feature. Higher compression���������greater power���������  and straight-away drive. You take shorter lpad  ���������shoot swifter���������hit harder���������and get more birds.  Crack-shots and sportsmen in every country are  staunch friends of these ''lightning" shells.  B*minrfton Arms-Union  Metallic   Cartridge   Company  ,������WU     \Contraetor$ toOit British Imperial and Colonial (iovcmmcnti)  UoJoo, EnjJ.  WINDSOR. ONT.  New York. U.8.A.   '!li  !|Uoii us one way out of  'hu'lillii-uU-y.  gentle  However, judging  -i7U(v|y way the  , SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  'it di prcacnt, ; REGULATIONS  lie  "g 'the    $200,000    mark,  which is usually considers<J the  igli'.vatf-r mark of commission  ifhVknc.y. There is an idea  tbro.'ul that this particular outfit  :s out to break all records, and  iei.r eii'orts are being watched  ill) growing interest.--Prince  upert Daily News.  Germany's Awful Crime.  German attack on the  i submarine E-13 when the  latter '.vas aground oh the Danish  ���������oast serves to call attention to  the ditkrence between neutral  i.erritocy and neutralized territory v  Denmark is a, neutral state.  The attack was a violation of her  sovereignity, for which she has  a right to exact 'apologies and  perhaps damages. Yet, except  for some circumstances to be  mentioned   later,   the   incident  l Uriti  A pi.I,ration for a I'-asc must Ijf; made by the  applicant in |;..-i-Hon to tho Auem or Sub-A^eiU  of U><; >iiniric:t in which the ritfhta applied for  are Hitiialeil.  In Hiirvey<������l territory the land riiUBt be de-  HCribwl l.-y Hi-i-t.ionH. or Ic^al HulxlivinionH of sections, and in uiiHtirveyed territory the tract applied for tiliull be Milked out by the applicant  liimai;ll.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of j a which will he refunded if the rights  applied lor are not available, hut not otherwise.  A royally shall be paid on the merchantableout-  putof the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The penion operating the mine shall furnish  the Atfent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal raininj? rights  are not heiiur operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The Ictee will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface riifhts may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rale of jlO.I/J an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Affent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. li. -Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid lor.���������3UI90.  RFJitBS  Thejylason (y IxischPiano  of to-day will make, plain our  prioilege to state with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADEl"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  I  6    Let us attend  your Victor Record  ^J  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.       Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST.; VANCOUVER, B. C.  7J5SEs;"  BUSINESS CARDS  jmissioners have had, an ex-'might decide that the work was  ������mely trying time.  . That is; not being done properly, and an-  ythey have been obliged to]other commission might have to  ;ashort visit to the interior, ��������� be appointed to enquire into the  Ihirnsouth, and then come back lack of bills. In order to avoid  j to-do a little more investi-] such  a   calamity,   the   idea   of  filing.   If the expense bills do] chartering a steamer occasionally  A few lines ti'e specially  recommend  Duerrs  .Jans and  Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  --Biscuits  Grifiei) &Skelleys.  famous gold and  silverbar  Canned and dried  fruits  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers . Vancou ver, B. C,  \r  toof the expense account turn-: not  come along  with  suflicienti  ,,   ,,. ,.      ,,      . , ','.''��������� ; was   not  particularly reprehen-  in, and in this connection the  force   and'   regularitv.   Ottawa    .,,    .     .     ���������    ,   \.,  ���������    -  - *        , jsihle  in  itself.   It  did not en  danger neutral lives. It was  merely a manifestation of the  fighting man's natural desire to  be at his enemy. English ships  have done similar things, so have  American ones, so have the ships  of all maritime nations. It is  wrong, but not unpardonable.  Belgium, on the other hand,  was not merely neutral, but neutralized.    Pier charter of national  .existence  pledged  her  to keep  ! her territory from being used as  ja base from which to attack any  j neighboring   power.     She   was  obliged to fight, if necessary, to  carry out this pledge; and Britain,  | France   and   Prussia   signed   a  solemn   agreement    to   respect  Belgium's neutrality themselves  and see that all others did so.  Belgium kept her agreement-  nothing more than the German  white book is needed to prove  that. France and Britain kept  theirs. But Germany, successor  to Prussia, broke her oath, and  attacked and ruined the country  she had sworn to defend. This  is the unpardonable treachery to  civilization which has made the  German government well-nigh  ���������in outcast on earth. ���������Exchange.  Geuks-'rky K. Huknett   D. J. McGugan  C.K., H.C.L..S.. "   B.A.S.C., n.C.l-.S.,  ASS. M.CAN.EOC. C.E.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geoffrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & Burnett)  CIVIL ENGINEERS and  B.C. LAND  SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B. C.  City address��������� New Westminster, B.C.  l'\ O. Box 886. Telephone 232.  HOI  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of-one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  HOC  0  J.W.Peck&Co.Ltd.  Manufacturers of  CLOTHING, SHIRTS,  CAPS and OVERALLS  E\  We carry a complete stock of Men's Furnishings  and all the best "English   and  American   Hats  JOHN W. PECK & CO., LTD.  MONTREAL        WINNIPEG       VANCOUVER  To Ensure a "Good Catch"  Get One of the Famous  Britain Aroused.  Mr. Charles Humbert, writing  in the Paris Journal, describes  the vastness of the effort which  Lhe Kntrlish are making, both  wilh their fleet and their army.  llt, praises the energy and the  .Kill which they have displayed  jn improvising a machinery of  v,:u..that  can  vie with   that of  dermany.  ������������������Kngland's mobilization oi her  in,lUsto- is a marvel." he says,  ln K.u-land everyone knows that  the factory hand is as indispens-  pared from        j      ^ in the ,1Vnches their com-  rul,,s tell those among them who  .;ivskj|U.d workers that it is their  .11(v to go back home.  ������������������ Victorv  is now the one and  (lllvl|KWhtofthe British people  ..in,itho overseas Dominions are  ,       .   li',.   H11d soul with  the mother  than m ; heai t aim _      ^mnt  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO.,  Stock Only the Best Fishing Tackle  SELLA COOLA, B.C.  Dealers and Trappers  We pay highest price for  your furs and castorium,  also handle goods on  commission, advancing  2-3 of value, our charges  being- 5 per cent, for  handling.  THE EDMONTON HIDE & FUR CO  * P. O. Box 863  EDMONTON, Alta.  157 McDougall Ave.  @  ==L  \ll/HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \7L7HAT person so independent?  V\7HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of   the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola   farmers are  independent,  they are strangers to hard times.  '"THE REASONS for this enviable condi-  . ���������*������������������ tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The' land is fertile and needs little or no  ^irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  ���������"���������"^ country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  The Best  Known and  Popular Lubricant for  Motor Boats  Its use assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or in cylinders  R  IMPERIAL OIL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B.C.  Those who sometimes  should  more easily  other   way     it I country.  i minute - j1R.|inc toward pessimism s  to ! go and spend a few days in Lon  don. They will come back filled  with a new enthusiasm by the  sight of the tenacious spirit of  this people."  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find   for Bella Coola Courier for.. .   . subscription  Name.  P. 0.  Tear out and mail today, with amount of subucription enclosed M  BELLA  COOLA COURIER  Saturday,  Octoler 23*  USE OF LIME ON  LAND."  A. II.  TOMLINSON. Assistant Provincial  Horticulturist.  ONE DOLLAR  1     i ^   FOR IONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  neu>5������<2/>erpublished on  the mainland coast between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six, hundred miles.  : It will be to your interest to keep< well informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COUjRIER"  ^        GIVES THEM.       /  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public. No; manuf actur -  er or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  .  D EAL ESTATE booms in- the  ' cities have come and gone.  People are ..beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. ' Did not  know, is nq excuse. Investors  should keep, posted on develop  ments by reading the "Courier.'  Most soils, except of alkali  formation, are the better for  liming at least from once in three  or five years, depending on the  sourness, acidity of fehe soil, or  class of crop being raised. On  the coast and islands of British  Columbia liming of the soil is  needed, particularly the north,  where peat, moss and vegetable  soil largely exists, or new land  which has been recently covered  with forest growth.  For coastal valleys like lower  Bella Coola,'where much river  bottom as well as timbered lands  l-are found, the soils contain a  high per centage of humus, i. e.,  decayed vegetable matter. The  soils are rich in plant food, but  such is not available for plant  use.   .  The addition of lime in, some  form will bring about a chemical  change in the sojl. New compounds will form which be available for plant food.-' Various insoluble compounds will break'  down and become soluble. -Plants  can.only make use of plant food  which has been made .soluble.  Furthermore, liming aids bacterial action which is very neces-  sary in   rendering   plant   food  available.    The much heeded soil  bacteria;' (Azotobacter)  which  "fixes" the nitrogerft-of the air  in-the soil flourish well jn'a sweet  or slightly alkaline (limed) soil.  The legume   or pea   or   clover  family, bacteria function only in!  non-acid or sweet soils.   .These  bacteria   cause   phenodules"   to  form at the roots of the legumes'  and are of necessity for the well  being of that crop.  CLASS OF LIME TO USE.  Calcium oxide, or what is known  Job Printing  You are: judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  TAXIDERMIST*  All kinds.of Game Heads  mounted, "true to nature,"  and also some fine specimens for sale, by���������  Hans Allertson  HAGENSBORG. B. C.  THE commercially as: quick, caustic,  burnt lime stone or builders' is  without doubt the best form of  lime for Bella Coola and coast  soils.' It is sold in air tight barrels holding 200 lbs. This lime  if it has1 been kept free from air j  and moisture will be in lumps  and unslaked. Should .the barrels have been long opened and  the ljme become slaked, it has  been subject to exposure and is  thus less caustic and slow in effect or action. Such lime should  cost less than that which has  not been so exposed.  This quick lime may be powdered or ground and spread over  the land at once. Grinding may  not be practicable, hence the  lime must be water slaked. This  may be done as follows:  The  lime  thrown out of the  k *' '  barrel and placed in small heaps  over the field.    For a ton of lime  to an  acre, place 40  heaps of  about 50 lbs. each at equal distances apart over the acre of land.  Coast arid island soils need this  amount, or more, but Bella Coola  half a ton will do for an acre.  Over the heaps scatter damp soil  about 2 -inches deep.    In- about  two weeks the' lime should be in  a powdered form, i. e., it, will  have become slaked and thus fit  to be scattered over .the land.  WHEN TQ APPLY LIME AND  -HOW'TO WORK IT IN   "  THE LAND.     ���������  The Fall is the best time to  apply lime, although' such may  be done at any time when opportunity offers.  It is-not.wise to plowkn the  lime, but rather harrow it in and  incorporate the" lime with about  13 or 4 inches of the surface<soil.  I Lime compounds have a tendency  txf sink, therefore harrowing is  preferable to plowing. .   - .    '   ,  VALUE TO CHOPS AND SUMMARY OF USES.  Lime, especially the caustic  form, destroys various plant diseases that may exist in the soil  as well as destroying eggs and  pupa of certain insects. It helps  to prevent such as clover sickness. Renders plant food available, makes sour or acid soils  sweet. It helps to make infertile  land productive.    Brings about  Value of Wood Ashes.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  ���������'?" TOWN. Do hot talk���������support home industries ���������- talk is  Cheap. The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  :  Support the ' 'Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  S  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of  Toronto. Let us quote you.  KYDD BROS., LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  The C  4  s  $l^a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  "THE two principal reasons  why. you   should   buy;  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  chemical and bacterial changes  in the soil. It causes manure  and most fertilizers to-be of more  value.  The preceding article by Mr.  A. H. Tomlinson on the value of  lime in agriculture is for this  locality very timely. A considerable portion of the cultivated  area in this valley is in need of  a correct! v9 of this nature. Some  farmers mayf feel they cannot  afford to pay out ready cash for  lime, even if they admit the need  of it;  The Farmers' Institute should  take this matter of obtaining  lime under consideration. Anything that makes for increased  production is essential to good  farming, and in this case would  be a good investment.  The Family Herald and Weekly  Star has an article on the high  value of wood ashes as a fertilizer and claim it will, if applied  properly, give similar results as  lime.    In this place, where the  timber is heavy, the amount of  ashes obtainable in the clearing  of   land   is    considerable   and  should, on account of its high  value as a fertilizer, be saved.  The Family Herald says in part:  "In  addition' to  their potash  they contain some two per cent,  phosphoric acid and from twenty  to thirty per cent, carbonate of  lime, enhancing their fertilizing  value and   making  them,   in   a  sense, an allround fertilizer for  supplying the mineral elements  required by crops.  And, further,  they  correct acidity,  a quality  detrimental to the thrift of most  farm crops.  "From twenty-five to fifty  bushels of wood ashes per acre  will furnish^frqm 60 to 120 pounds  of potash, the latter an ample  dressing for even very light soils.  Their application is best deferred j  till spring, broadcasting preferably on avquiet damp day, on the  ploughed land and incorporating  with a thorough harrowing.  "For clover, corn and mangels  they will be found very valuable.  Especially are they beneficial for  orchards. For turnips, mixed  with one-third to one-half their  weight of bone meal, they have  similarly proved advantageous.  But, indeed, there are few crops  on light and gravelly soils, as  also on vegetable loams inclined  to be^sour, for which wood ashes  cannot be employed with profit."  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA  IN 1895.  rynildsen  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  Genera I IVI e r e h a n d i s e  dry Goods and Notionsl  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY ANP SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  Large arid well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    ������  [ Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER  19  Burns!  BACON  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisioned  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  Ogilvie's  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  From  Settlers, Prospedtors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the moft suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  t Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  GOOD GROCERS  Best Goods-Lowest Prices   Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C.  Si^^&^Uhm^^^i^s^^vi^i.w,Mi*������,.������<.,������*������,ti5v������Ki.������^<u���������.-������i,.���������,������������������.-,������,,���������."���������-;������������������,3 , ....xT^r-  i


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