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Bella Coola Courier Nov 20, 1915

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 BOL 4-N0' 6  m YOU WANT GOOD   SPORT  KIT BELLA COOLA.   EXCEL-  01 HUNTING AND  FISHING.  Compiled  by   Mr. C.  H.  Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 51.    Minimum, 37.  Highest Max. (1st) G5.   Lowest Min. (10th) 26  Rainfall, 12.40 inches.  MUA COOLA, R C, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER  20,  1915.  Jferbians Compelled to Retreat  Allies Unable to Send Help  Marians Repulsed With  \  Heavy Losses After a  Thirty-Six Hours Battle  |;Sa!oniki, Nov. 15, via Paris.  %i. 16.-General Sarrail, com-  ���������chief of the  French  fminder-in  pinny in the Balkans; in announc-  lingtheresultofa thirty-six'hours  jattleon the Cerna river, south-  ^ Serbia, declares that 30,000  lulgarians were repulsed along  Sewhole line, with heavy casu-  [flties.  Not one French gun was  1st  The Austro-German effort to  Envelop the Serbian armies in the  lorth, it is also announced, has  Hailed, and the Serbian counter  Ifotoive ,is proceeding success-  If folly.  French Forces Held Up and  Serbians Have to Retire  From the Babuna Pass  London. Nov. 17. The Serbians have been compelled to n-i.ii <���������  from theirsLroMjjr positions in the  Babuna Pass, which won.: in imminent danger of being turned  by masses of Bulgarian infantry,  says a despatch toihe liaiKMai!  $1.00 a Year  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  S. S. Camosun awakened our  respectable citizens about midnight on .Thursday last with her  whistle. She was on her northbound trip; but brought us only  two passengers and took none  "'it; the theory being that not  many care to go North for the  win tor. M rs. 1. Fougner and M r.  W. Harlow were the arrivals.  Mrs.   J.  Fougner, who accompanied her husband on his trip  from the Saloniki field yesterday. | to the Panama Exposition, was  The French forces were held on ion tfK'lr return home obliged to  the left bank of the Oranva river, I''emain  behind at Vancouver as  i,-.������".i.iJ       nea'tn maf'fc it-necessary for  her to undergo treatment at a  south of Veles, by considerable  If London, Nov. 17.���������A despatch  tfeceived here says that the Ser-  \bians have been compelled to re-  itreatfrom the Babuna Pass owing  |jo the danger of their position  feingtnrned. The despatch adds  Stktthe Bulgarians have cap-  stored Krushevo and are now six  ifnfeost of Prtlepe.  Whl   la-  Sksian fleet  Ready to Strike  London, Nov. 17.���������A despatch  ;to the Vossiche  Zeitung from  ^Bucharest, reports that fifteen  \lunits of the Russian Black Sea  rfleet, including  three   recently  f launched dreadnoughts have been  Reraising-for two   days  off  the  ' Bulgarian coast.  Von Hindenburg  For Western Front  h London, Nov. 17���������The Morning  Host's correspondent at Berne,  hSwitzerland, says it is reported  |N Field-Marshall von Hinden-  1N has left the eastern for the  [IAstern front.  Bulgarian forces and were unable  to send assistance to the hard  pressed Serbians.  The Bulgarian offensive in the  Tetova district is on a tremendous scale, the correspondent  says, and the Serbians are retiring southward.  Detachments of British troops  are leaving Saloniki constantly  for Monastir, where the Serbians  are preparing a series of strong  defensive works. Should the  Bulgarian forces reach Monastir,  the Serbians will be cut off from  their lines of supply.  Chinese Republic to  Last  Until New  Year  Pekin, Nov. 17.��������� The Associated Press has been authorized to  state that the Chinese govem-  hospita!. She is now again at  home and on the highway to re-  cove rv.  Mr. VV. Barlow comes here  from England with the intention  of spending his declining years  with his daughter, Mrs. Fleming.  We welcome Mr. Barlow to our  midst and wish him many years  and a pleasant stay in Bella Coola.  Mrs. E. C. Clayton, treasurer  of the Red Cross fund, has received the following letter from  the Canadian Red Cross Society  and St. John Ambulance Association, dated Vancouver, Nov. 1st:  Dear Madam,���������I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your  esteemed favor of the 25th ultimo enclosing your cheque for the  sum of $73 as a further contribution to our Hospital fund.  You and your fellow workers |  The people of the town of Bella Coola showed the high esteem  in which they hold their pastor,  Rev. T. C. Colwell, by turning  out in large numbers to listen to  his farewell sermon on last Sunday evening.  He has found it his duty to  obey the country's call for men  to come to her defense in this  war, and while our community  regret very much to lose him,  and as we hope only for a short  time, yet it is willing to suffer  inconveniences and loss that the  needs of our country may be met.  The services were of the usual  character, Mr. Colwell true to his  custom delivered a carefully prepared and scholarly sermon,  which held the close attention of  the audience to its finish.  Rev. VV. H. Gibson followed in  an appreciative and happy speech  dwelling upon the energy, singleness of purpose, and faithfulness of the departing minister.  The audience showed its sympa-  thv with his utterances bv a  rising vote of thanks to Mr.  Colwell.   We learn through a letter from  Chas. Lord that he has enlisted  in the Ambulance Corps and is  now in barracks at Victoria. He  writes, "It will probably be a  long time before I return to Bella  donkey engine are expected to  come up on the next northbound  steamer.      ___  _  Mr. Ghas. Tucker, Dominion  constable, informs us that Mr.  Garde, C. E., mentioned in our  columns a few weeks ago as  having made a trip from Prince  Rupert to Kimsquit through the  wilds of the interior, is now actively engaged in the development of a zinc mine on White  Sail Lake, situated about forty  miles from Kimsquit. At present there are four men engaged  A Pioneer Gone to His  Rest.  The community of Bella Coola  was startled Monday morning last  by the news that Mr. P. A.  Peterson, a prominent farmer  and one of the earliest settlers,  had died suddenly at his home at  about 6:30 o'clock that morning,  while the whole family was still  in bed. But at about his usual  time for getting up his wife  heard a gurgling noise in her  husband's throat and attributing  it to a bad dream she took hold  in sinking a shaft; but more men 0f him and shook him.    He was  will be put on as soon as the cross  cut is started.  Mr. Bert Robson with three  men are cutting a trail from the  head of Dean Channel to the  mine. They had the bad luck of  capsizing and losing a canoe load  of provisions in going up ,thc  Kimsquit River, and were obliged  to return to get another supply.  more of the men in Bella Coola  to enlist. He says in a letter to  hand: "There are a considerable  number of very eligible men  used to handling a rifle and living  a rough life who under the present circumstances would be far  better employed in the fighting  business than in any other. The  possibilities of conscription are  great and surely it is better to  ment   lias   decided   no   change J^J C0rtajn]j' l0 be congratulated:Coola, but I am coming back if Igo now than to wait to be made.  would be made this year in the ' '  not aroused, but made a convulsive movement and all was over.  Dr. Sutherland was * summoned  immediately but could only attest  to the death and that it was  eaused by an apopletic stroke.  Peter August Peterson was  born in Sweden 53 years ago. He  emigrated to America in the early  nineties, and came to Bella Goola  ���������   TTT ,, , in 1895.   His family followed him  Mr.  R.  Walker  who  owns a      ��������� '   -,     ,  , ���������      " rT     -"*;;,���������  n -4.1 u j   f a few months   ater.    lie, wit'h-  farm  in  the  valley  and   for aj '     :'  number of years resided here, isjout anv capital, took up a; home-  now in a camp at Barnard Castle, stead in the lower part of the  County of Durham, Epgland, in settlement and with an energy  training for the war.    He wants|and industry of the highest order  ; on  the  amount  raised  in  your things go well.   .1 have a warm  form    of   government   ot    t^j^j, ^.^ and  can agsure yQU .CQrner Jn my hearfc for the place  co"try.- , ��������� ,   . J that our Committee greatly ap-      d     y soj0um   of four years  Electron returns given out *<>|nreciates your efforts.  Vi  far make it certain that the proposal to re-establish a monarchical form of government has  been adopted. These returns  show that 18 of the 22 provinces  already have given solid support (tun>  to the project.  Again thanking you for your  hearty co-operation in collecting  funds for No. 5 General Hospital  0. D. F.    1 remain, yours faith-  C. G. Pennock,  On behalf of the sub-committee.  BritishColumbiaLumber  have pleasant memories.    I enlisted in Vernon on October 28."  A party of four well known  travellers arrived in Bella Coola  on Monday evening at 9:30 from  Bella Bella, Mr. John Pauline ac-  en of Military Age Can't  Emigrate  L������ndon, Nov. 16.-The British  Jjovernment has taken its first  Ignite step toward preventing  I emigration of ablebodied British  l.U j(iCts' A new regulation was  !"sued by the Home Office re-  f.JMnR subjects of the United  *-J������*dom who are 19 years or  j-^der and contemplating emigra-  j-������n to apply at the Foreign Of-  Lce fo''passports. If the pass-  jWsarerefused they must hand  'i.\ ofncers supervising the  Ration the reply of the  > 0r^n Office to their passport  ; Motion, together with their  ^ ^ certificates, with photo-  ' ^phs attached.  :ColCethere,U8alof theCunard  ..pany to carry abroad British  companied  the grip men.    The  The teachers of the townsite |party  consisted   of   Mr.   S.  H.  RpreiveS Hlffh  Praise'!Sunday schoo! he[d,  a  bUSJ"erSS j Cohen, fur buyer for the firm of  Receives ing"  i������a"v   imeoting at the residence of Mr. . .      ,  :"lul   "   ,, ,    , rr  ,0jn, iR. S. Robinson, Winnipeg;   Mr.  ,     ,     v.       10     ti     and Mrs  Morrison last Tuesday  Victoria. B.C.  Nov. 18.     1 he anu 'w,s- j_  q. M. Millichamp, represent-  -  .    '.--veiling.  Mr. H. Grainger, who is on the (ing the well known clothing firm  Trade and ��������� ^.(_ ()f ^-^ t0 the war, tendered ;0f J. VV. Peck & Co., Vancouver;  ,  ���������     ii,. 'evening.  Hon. W. R.  Ross is advised  b\  >f  her recentlysent to Australia art  ers and candies; and Mr. T. G.  Garrett,  of the wholesale  dry-  |: Ejects  eligibh  vjCe  .,  -'b'^le for military ser-  have..i     steamsn''P companies  .   wopted a similar course.  the Department   <  Commerce at   Ottawa,  'hat   tin-,},;...  resignation   as superintend-|Mr_  B_ajr Fleming, who is now  PvhibiHof British (VSumbialuni-  tMd. and C. Carlson was elected | se,jing the Mooney ]jne 0f crack  i��������� his j,lace with Miss Balkwill  a- assistant.  being  shown at  111���������������  l^'yai   exchange,  Sydn.-y. aid \\ iil a!t������ r-      it js hoped that arrangements g0ods firm of Gault Bros., Van-  .''���������Isbefe-ituivdatanappreaci;-  will !��������������� made by which it will be'couver>    These gentlemen have  xwut' ���������       ' ' possible to continue the Sunday :aU cQme fr������)m the North flnd re_  ..v.Miin"-services at theMacken-|      ,..,,,���������  lVllll"'-HI    ,       .,       ..     P/.    port that business is improving  7K-  School  alter  Rev.  Mr. Lol-  t,'H's dei.arture.        Tomorrow along the new Grand Trunk Pa-  u. tjl0 services will be con-'cine Railway.    After supplying  by   Rev.   II.  Sageng of the  needs   of the   Bella   Coola  Rev. W. H. Gibson j mei.cnants   in   their   respective  ing    ArchiUctur:!  radet'oinmissien-  to  \s h( in   tlie j  !.  is ar-  ,eauti-  i Columbia  i-].\ liil'it h n  The Canadian   er at   Melbourne,  exhibits  were cousiumi  ranging   fo������"   t'������',,t,r   inl',()1'u'rs'  builders,   and   oll.us   ^ ho   are  interested, to view Hum. and imports that the valid am  ful finish which Brith  Fir takes has luen the  erablo comni' id.  'at a  exhibits were  sent abroad earlier in tlie .var.  and. as in the case of the Sidney  display, haveath-aendmmh a -  tention in the i,.,p..ria..l trade  centres at which the\  placed.  evenin  Hagensborg  ime-otiating with the Melodist  Church officials to have the vacancy tilled.  Douglas  subject of coiisid  It  will   be   reinembei'd  number oi' these  c  t  r������r? r%tn <  (Cburrh Nuttrr  ul\'e  ".Ml  c  c  'J  Sunday  School  Church Service  10:45 a. m.  7:30 p.m.  J'l-uiU'liiM-:  Kfv. Hiiiu- .Sageu.u-,  A. i:  Pastor  H,-r   T. C. CJtvell. B. A.  lhies they left again on Thursday.  A site is being cleared on  ground immediately north of the  townsite for the reception of a  portable sawmill. Mr. F. A.  Johnson of Firvale, has secured  the contract for furnishing the  planks for the renewal of the  covering of the long approach to  the wharf and some other repairs contemplated by the government.      The  sawmill and a  We have been asked to publish  the following letter from Mrs.  Dr. H. E. Young, Victoria, to  one of the ladies of our town:  "No. 20.  "This letter is to ask you to  give a little help to a good cause,  'the relief of the   Belgian   orphans.'  ' 'You probably have been asked  to give to many things, but all  we ask now is 10 cents in money  and half an hour of your time.  "By this you will help to earn  many dollars for this cause.  Please send a 10 cent bit to: Miss  Beatty, care of Rear-Admiral  Beatty, Portsmouth, England.  "Write fourcopiesof thisletter  number each one the next highest  number to the one you find on  this. Sign your name and send  the four copies to your four  friends.  "Please do not break the chain  as it means the loss of man\  dollars."  Some of the ladies have had  the method of raising the money  asked for, as outlined in the letter, under consideration and have  concluded it is not to be commended in the community. They  have decided to aid the very-  worthy cause by appointing Mrs.  H. G. Anderson, Mrs. S. Le C.  Grant and Miss Ruth Nordschow,  receivers of donations. There  will be no canvass made, but  readers of this article are asked  to please assist by sending contributions of any amount to one  of the ladies named, who will  account for the same and forward the funds received to headquarters.  in a comparatively short time became very prosperous. Ten years  ago he had the misfortune to lose  everything he owned, with the  exception of his land and live  stock, in a forest fire. His neighbors lent him some assistance at  the time, but it was not long be-'  fore Mr. Peterson recovered lost  ground, with houses, farm machinery, implements and every  facility for the conduct of his  farm, and also considerable capital invested in securities of different kinds.  He leaves a widow, one son  and five daughters to mourn his  untimely death. His children  are: Fridthjof, Mattie and Esther  still at home; Mrs. P. Gadsden of  this place; Mrs. M. Nygaard of  Kimsquit; and Mrs. A. G. Hen-  ning of Vancouver.  The funeral took place the following Wednesday from his late  residence. Rev. H. Sageng of  Hagensborg.. officiating.  Capt. Stephenson, Fred Hendricks, Orville Robinson, H. Gus-  tafson, Ing. Urseth, H. Burt and  Chas. Taylor, have now finished  the arduous work in their various  callings in which they have been  engaged for a long season and  are now bent on enjoying themselves. The festive bear and the  elusive goat are hard to get at  in their mountain fastnesses and  offer nothing but great bodily  strain to hunt, therefore hold out  no allurements to these sagacious  gentlemen. They want to stay  on the level and seek pleasure  where walking and sailing is  <ood.  They are now off on a trip to  Price Island, located west of  Milbank Sound. They intend to  be away for about one month. It  is to be hoped their appearance  when returning will be such that  they will dare to land in daylight. BELLA COOLA COURIER  Saturday, j\j{  ay, November 20, /QJ  The Courier  Published'Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella-Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1 Year $100  6 Months , :    0.75  3 Month. .' ."...   0.50  United States'  1 Year..., , ��������� .$1.50  '1 United Kingdom  1 Year...! $1-00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  ' Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly, please notify the management  -at once, phanges in address should be  sent, in as 'soon as possible.  Fob Advertising Rates,  Office.  Apply  at  respond to the country's call as  they should.  It is probably not possible for  us to realize what the result  would be if the Allies should be  compelled to sue for peace, neither should it be necessary to ponder upon such a subject^ because  if every Britisher 'does his duty  there can, from a human standpoint, be only one outcome: Victory to bur righteous cause.  But we must rise to the occasion and show by our devotion to  our sacred cause that we are  worthy of it.  Therefore we appeal   to   the  NO  ALUMI  UK  READ  LABEL  BAKING POWDER  ferences'of opinions, and these  different opinions find expression  in the political parties. It is not  necessary to mention that the  honesty of anybody need be questioned in the controversies which  are bound to arise.  But strange to- relate there is  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the  name and address of every writer of such letters  must be srWen to the'editor.  The Editor reserves the risrht to refuse publication of shy letter. ' AH manuscript at writer's  ristc. .  one question which at present  young men to rally to the defense j seems to cause the fiercest con-  of their country; the best in the' troversy in political domains, and  ^ancouveri Office - - 317-323 Gambie St.  ! "&alttfi jmjmli ruiurema est Ux"  SATURDAY,  NOV. 20, 1915.  YUe beg to remind our read-  . ers that the Courier having completed it's third year  the"subscriptions of all our  early subscribers are now due  for renewal.  ��������� The ^management wishes to  thank our numerous readers  for their support during the  past and trusts to a continuance of the same in the future.  The subscription rate remains at $1  per year^ payable strictly in advance.  world !  O       O       C       O       O '  Partisanship.  It is possible to be a strong  partisan in politics and yet have  a great respect for the opposite  party. It is possible to be a strong  partisan and have faith in the  honesty of an opposition party in  ���������power.  .   The great difference in parties  isnotthefactthatoneis "in"and  on which there should be the  strongest kind ofunanimity. The  question we refer to is that which  concerns the efficiency of the administration of our 'provincial  affairs by the government of the government it is not at all satis-  'and as the Conservatives are certainly as patriotic and honest as  the Liberals and therefore ought  to hold the same opinions upon  this obvious fact, they should  unite with the Liberals in an effort to improve our conditions.  And it should need no argument- at this time to convince  any one not altogether dense in  intellect, that the present government is not entitled to another  term even if, by a'stretch of imagination, it could be thought  that they possibly might improve  matters.  o    o    o    o    o  Sir Richard Has Replied.  The long awaited answer from  Sir Richard McBride to the Prohibition Movement has' at last  been given. It'is safe to say that  from the standpoint of those who  formulated the request to the  I   Mack;  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd  VANCOUVER,  B. C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS  AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE  WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  MADE    IN    B. C  Send for Catalogue  Prompt Attention Given Letter Order.  Young Men, Enlist!  '������������������ The British Empire' is the only  realm in the world, besides the  United States, where there is riot  .'"compulsory military service.  Every other nation finds it perfectly proper and necessary to  reserve: to its government the  right tb: call out at any time its  . ablebodied   men   to   serve   the  nation in time .of war.  _.,_-. One of the things necessary .to  . be done to preserve the integrity  of  the.nation  is to   defend it  .against;'its foes, and it is the  duty of those who compose that  nation to be in readiness to do  so when called upon.  But in a ^ world more or less  selfish there will always be found  . people who shirk their obvious  , duty and leave it for others to  r. dp it for them.    It does not seem  - right that the laws of the land  should uphold these shirkers and  thereby place an undue amount  of the pommon burden upon the  . shoulders of the more generous  and conscientious of its citizens.  It may be a just cause for pride  -.that-the army, the British Empire has raised for this war, is  the largest volunteer army in the  World's history; but we are, at  present, not looking for things  on which to pride ourselves, we  are rather striving to accomplish  that which we must do.   There  is not much doubt in our minds  that among the other enlightened  . nations of thejvorld in a similar  emergency just as large a proportion of their sons would have  shouldered arms in their coun-  " try's defense.  When we see how Canada, of  all the British possessions is lagging behind in the number of  soldiers enlisted, we are not exactly proud, but become painfully  aware that our men have not yet  fully realized their duty in the  case and the seriousness of the  situation, and therefore do not  the other is "out" and; therefore,  such a fierce jealousy takes hold  of the "outs'"-so that they will  use almost any kind of-means to  secure the places of- those- who  are so fortunate as to be feeding  from the public crib;- but the dif-  jference in two parties.should al-  : ways be a difference of opinion  In regard to what policies are for  the best interest of the nation..  Under- the present system .of  government it seems impossible  to secure the necessary efficiency  and scrupulous care in _the administration of- public affairs  without a party in opposition of  day.'   -  Both Conservatives and Liberals should insist on the strictest economy in all the branches  of government; neither party can  afford  to defend until-the last  minute a course which they in  their   innermost   soul- know   is  wrong. .As for instance in the  case of the accusation  and exposure of .the corruption of the  late Roblin government of Manitoba.    The Conservative leaders  and press defended this government until it was. impossible to  do so any longer and largely because of   this   foolish  defense  went down  toT ignominious defeat in the next election. -  The Conservatives of -British  Columbia are pursuing the same  foolish tactics in defending a  government which has made this  the wealthiest province in the  factory. It took him over two  months to make up his mind what  answer would/give him the greatest strength; with the voters/  And in this decision it seems to  us his judgment has failed him.  His answer is of a character to  alienate many while it will win  but few.  The request of the Prohibition  Convention held in Vancouver,  August 25 and 26, were two fold:  That a bill for the prohibition  of the liquor traffic similiar to the  one. endorsed by the electors of  Alberta, July 21, 1915, be submitted to "the voters of British  Columbia; and that this bill be  submitted on a date other than  that of a general election, in order to keep it from being entangled in partisan politics.  Sir Richard McBride in his re-  plyto the Prohibition Committee  Gault Brothers Limited  WHOLESALE T>RY GOODS  361 IVaterStreet        Vancouver, B.C.  <j| Qault Brothers for over 60 years haoe successfully  maintained wholesale Warehouses throughout Canada  <| The Vancouoer stock is the largest and best assorted  stock on the Coast, in some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES  SMALLWARES  RIBBONS    -  Ready-to Wear"  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  House Furnishings  CARPETS  LINENS  DRESS COODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  sufficient strength to be respec- Dominion a place to be"shunned is willing to submit the question  ted.  The following questions have  been found of sufficient magnitude to form the cleavage between two great political parties,  namely: the effect of a high or  low -tariff; whether to build war  vessels to' be added to the fleet  of the Empire, or to build up a  separate Canadian navy; how 'to  get "the best results from the  agricultural and timber lands belonging to the Crown.  On these and any number of  other serious matters there will  by capitalists and-laborers alike.  -We venture to assert that there  is not a province in Canada where  the hard times are so pronounced  as here, and the cause cannot be  laid at failures of crop on either  land or/sea, or a lack of other  natural resources.  "Ordinary intelligent," honest  and careful statesmen could have  prevented the deplorable situation our province is suffering  from, i     - '        '--���������'."  And as it is not in the interest  of the country, to allow a stateof  always be honest and strong dif-' affairs of that nature to continue,  of prohibition to the people in a  way, which in our mind is altogether impractical.  He claims hahas received many  different propositions of how to  deal, with this" problem; that he  the people want enacted into law.  To a mind warped' by av long  practice of shuffling methods and  evading issues, this may seem  very fair and the only way of  submitting the question; but the  result of such a manner of submission will certainly defeat the  object sought.  The voters mind wiH be confused by having to choose from  several propositions he has not  studied very muiih, if at all. It  will bring, about no decision'as  to choice; no one of the propositions will, short of a miracle,  receive a majority of the votes  cast- And then when this result  has been obtained our friends, if  in power, will laugh in their  sleeves and solemnly tell the  people that the vote was undecisive arid that they had received  is Very anxious that the -people no mandate from the people to  shall have an opportunity to express their idea of just what they  want; that he is considering a  series of different propositions  to submit to rthe electorate, so  that they can choose what suits  them best, and by the result of  the vote the' government will  know just what sort of measure  take any further action.  The Premier's reply as to the  vote being taken on a day separate from that of the general election is unfavorable. Sir Richard  says that probably only about  fifty per cent, of the people will  take enough"interest in the ques  tion to come out and vote or  separate day.    Only extremis  on either side will register lh|  will on the proposition. And thl  again he argues that the exper  of a separate election is a be  $40,000 and must be consider^  It certainly would have been  the interest of British Columl  if-this government had been]  careful   about   expenditures  other directions as they are]  this case.  But if the prohibition measu  is voted on in the general elect!  it very likely will be found til  the powers that now be ha  gone down to defeat, and thalj  will devolve upon the Liberals!  deal with the result. We he  that if such should prove  the case, the new governme  will'grant the country an oppfl  tunity to vote on a straight issj  as demanded by the Prohibit.!  Movement.  Sir Richard McBride wiil M  that his attitude towards t|  reasonable requests of the Pr  hibition Movement will ni  strengthen him in the "comir  general election. His reply  "not of a sufficiently high ordj  to be called statesmanlike.  ���������������>���������-<��������������� c>^<TMr>^r������<^^<'������r> <rr> <>*  POLARINE  The Best Known and Popular Lubricant for  Motor Boats  Its use assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or In cylinders  IMPERIAL OIL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B.C.  vLXLJ"  [OE  SMS  nor.  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY,  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT AND PASSENGER SEKV'ICK  BETWEEN  Vancouver, Bella Coola and Prince Rupert  S. S. "CAMOSUN"  Leaves Bella Coola for Prince Rupert at 6 p. m. Thursday Sept. 30; Oct. 14, 28; Nov. 11, 25; Dec. 9, 23.  Leaves Bella Coola for Vancouver at 10 p. m. Friday  Oct. 8, 22; Nov. 5, 19; Dec. 3, 17. 31.  S. S. "Coquitlam" or S. S.  "Capilano" sai  from  Vancouver every week,  carrying Gasoline  Explosives, will call at Bella Coola by arrangenu.-nl  For rates of Freights,  Pares and other information, ������ji'l  lintf  and  H���������.���������    r\  * "-'ft"5!    'Uieo   M.I1U   UU1L.-I    iiiiuiiii������v.v.  ?������������? tec# Carrali. St.,  Vancouver ; or Geo. M  aRent,  1003 Government St    Vir.fr.uiA.  to  (.���������(.JllMioK, ii ]',- tfooemfa 20,  1915  W:7he Par? ^en by tfie  fection m  jwini  time  vear of the presidential  the United States is  and( therefore, it  3 political; parties  leaders to formu  ^foTthe political parties  ffirVansofhowtowinas  fZL as possible..   The  L,yUn in the matter of  '������icsand we are all more or  worldly, is to provide for an  i*in national wealth. This,  F'great alluring object, must  Attained even at the expense  Lues of superior worth. And  ^efind that the leader of the  lioeratic party, Woodrow Wil-  inhis position as president  ^nation, for the purpose of  ngthening his party in the  ^campaign, has sent a note  fthe government of Great Brit-  protesting against the vigi-  jsCe evercised by the British  Sin preventing supplies from  |hing her enemies.  |gje minufacturers, the ships'the bankers and producers  :d States are all deriving  at'profits from the conditions  ated by the war in, supplying  ^Entente powers to' a very  atextent with the sinews of  fare.    But  they   have  not  quite as large abusin  is in sight.    They have not  able to supply the other side  Central Powers, will  --------J^LLA  C00*-A  COURIER  ie ruthless Prus-  ���������> ���������   '<-!��������� smah  nations be  K'"r'   ground under 1}  Uu: Kian><-'1  because  they dare to i  they require; >H,au,. ^  ain is using her navy" i��������� this wL^  ^ ^".T^/^1"1^^ ^mUrfer^ ���������'  to prevent her enemies from b,-  l,^,,/ ..^������f" !"acd'ul ^!  ing strengthened by the ,n,ppii,s hol^l th< ���������'; * \^' wh������i  /������������������iii., ��������� 'i'-u tii<- United States tmin ;iu :  .furnished by the,v,ul.ri,! nations.  o,,���������  |> ,���������m       J51" "->'���������" lt!> j  Hence Mr. Wilson'in th, nan,, ,,f ' l"e "g0"y  of the nation  ,,0tosts an     Z "l'"' *"' '" C������nsidemble  m.nds that Britain ���������,*,,��������� U,,1        ,,    JT^ "?'"'  U  incidentally other neutrals, may  find an even larger mar kef.  would  have  inter-  in  this war long ago on  ,u';    If the United States had  ,     ���������    ,      . orj^oiu; its duty to civilization and  their goods, and  com more del-  humanity  it  lars out of this gnat contest.      ; veiu-(  In the name of peace and of: the   side  of those   powers who  freedom this gr< at. nation to tin-1 today are.sacri  south is trying to aid the nations'  who have destroyed peace  and  trampled upon freedom.  The Victoria Times well describes the part L'niled Slates is  taking in this world catastrophe:  icing untold blood  an*'  for  \  arid Lincoln died  treasure for the very cause  which   Washington   fought  In a Nutshell.  ,     As  prohibition   of   the  The allies are lighting for the, frafii,- ,i.,,..-_,r (l,   ,        ���������    .   ���������  ,     ^ jti.uiiL uuiing the  war is being  liquor  freedom of the worhJ, and oneol  the chief beneficiaries of the terrible sacrifices they are making  is the United States, whose gov-j Wfll!  ernment sees in the struggle only j  an opportunity for the swelling1  of its money bags.    Let Belgium  be devastated in the face of The  Hague convention, of which the  United   States  was a  foremost  A feu lines u'e specially  recommend  Duerrs   -  ���������Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ���������- Biscuits  Griff en & Skelleys  famous gold and  si I vert jar *���������  Canned and dried  fruits  1  PSON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  pfoolesale Grocers  Vancouver, B. C.  m  J. W. Peck & Co. Ltd.  Manufacturers of  CLOTHING, SHIRTS,  r CAPS and OVERALLS  Wc carry a complete stock of Men's Furnishings  , and all the best English   and American   Hats  JOHN W. PEGK & CO., LTD.  MONTREAL     . WINNIPEG      VANCOUVER  earnestiy discussed let us briefly  consider whether such  action is  necessary and whether the people  "avor it.  About   one   hundred   million  dollars are spent in drink every  year in the Dominion.    Even if  it did no harm it would be the  part of wisdom to save that large  sum especially during the war.  But  when   we consider that  it  does do much harm and entails  so much further expense itseems  needless to discuss it.  In   England  and   the   United  ! States it is conceded that ten per  jt-ent  of  all   deaths   are  caused  i  ; directly or indirectly by drink.  ; If we adopt one half of that per  jcentage for Canada it gives us  about five thousand deaths caused  by drink in Canada every year.  j Where there are so many deaths  there must be a much larger  number who are more or less injured- by if. We shall certainly  lie within the mark if we say that  ten thousand persons are killed  and injured every year by drink.  It has been shown in several  places that it costs about five  times as much as the revenue  receives from the traffic to care  for the paupers, orphans and  criminals it causes.  It has also been shown that if  the money spent in  drink  were  spent in useful articles it would  give employment to eight times  as many persons as are engaged  in the manufacture of liquors.  ;     Reports from many places show  : that the burden of  taxation  is  I greater in wet than in dry towns.  ;[���������  some places the tax  rate is  i double.    The saving in police expenses  alone  is more than the  license fees.    These statements  ,:l,v not   mere theory they have  actually occurred in many places  :.,,���������_ 1_,,. prosperity follow ing prohibition confirms them.  or the needed pro-  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  QOAl. M1NIN0 RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  manitoua, Saskatchewan and Alberta.  IIIC ri.KO.S' 1 KIlKITOIty. theNOKTH-WEST'J'EHBI-  uL.l "/' '" a ���������"������������������������'" of the Pkovinok of  j!M._isn Columbia, in.-iy Im- leased for a term of  vwcrny-om. y,.ara at. an annual rental of $1 an  acre, isoi more than SJ.G00 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in pen-on to the Agent or Sub-A>cent  oi use district in which the rights applied for  are Bii.uati-d.  in ������ur'.eyed territory the land must be described by sections, or !e������al subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  hirn.sMI.  fcaeh application must be accompanied by a  lee ol (;, which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royally shall he paid on the merchantable output ol the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  1 he perwm operating- the mine shall furnish  -he A Kent with sworn returns accounting for the  lull iiuamity of rm-rchantablecoal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not hemic operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  Ibr- leace will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be. permitted to purchase whatever available surface riffhts may be  considered necessary for the workinpof the mine  at the rate of if 10.00 nn acre.  i-or full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Atfent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. Ii. 'Unauthorized publication of thiB ad-  veriisernt.nl will not be paid for.���������30690.  BUSINESS CARDS  Geofkkey K. Buhnett   D. J. McGug'an  C.h'., B.C.L.S., B.A.S.C.. B.C.L.S.,  ASS. M. CAN. SOC. C.E.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geofrrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill St. Burnett)  CIVIL ENGINEERS and  B.C. LAND  SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B. C.  City address���������New Westminster, B.C.  I'. O. Box 886. Telephone 232.  JO]  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but- will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  HOE  To Ensure a "Good Catch"  Get One of the Famous  .'/>  wmzoL-  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO.,  Stock Only the Be3t Fishing Tackle  3ELLA COOLA, B.C.  So   lillli-l)  UHriSMtdUaW  but  Jt Always "Pleases  ,.,,,_.j,,,, ovt'ii in iu'iilv times,  ,(1 t,1(. p^.plf want prohibition'.'  ,n 0n(ario they have voted on  mvi.ilitfm'iit occasions by large  ,'li:ij���������riti^ in favor of prohibition  ;i;1('l there is no evidence that  '.ht,y have changed their lines.  Vr-mi nearl> three-fourths of  ������������������." municipality of Ontario  ,,,,.,. adopted local prohibition of  ,'ht'iroun aceord and are so well  .,lU.(i,d with it that not one has  ;.;.|K,,|,,1 it in the past five years  ;J(vVlth^md.neall   the  oftorts  ���������fth, powerful liquor traffic  "l;';vi;i tasked when all these  0f prohibition who  inst it and  aiv in favor  o  .,,.,. ti���������,v that  are ae:ai  l'an,u,-r the |j,,uor interest ami  tl',,. barroom brigade.  Dealers and Trappers  We pay highest price for  your furs and castorium,  also handle goods on  commission, advancing  2-3 of value, our charges  being 5 per cent, for  handling.  THE EDMONTON HIDE & FUR CO.  P. O. Box 863  EDMONTON, Alta.  157 McDougall Ave.  i���������^-T  / hejyiason cr riischjriano  of lo-day will make plain our  prioilege to state with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  u  tfj   Let us attend  your Victor Record  jJ  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  ������  \)L/HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \)^/HAT person so independent?  \X/HAT. ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola  farmers are independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  HTHE REASONS for this enviable condi-  * tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  3  &  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  I 1  Get "More Mx>iicy"for your Foxes  Muskrnt, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in your section  SHIP YOITK FIIKS mnttCT <o"SIIU������KHT"the lamest  house In the World dealing exclusively In NORTH AMLRICAN RAW FUkS  a reliable���������-responsible��������� sale I'ur House with (in unblemished reputation existing for '"nior.; than a third of a century." a lonsr successful record of send in K Fur Shippers prom pi.SATISF ACTOR Y  AN' l> PROKITAISLR returns. Write for "tTtjt fclju'jfrt fcbipntr."  til (j only reliable, accurate market report nnd price list published.  VTrito for it���������NOW���������It's FREE  A  R ^HITRFRT Inn 25-27westaustinave.  j\. o. onuDCM, inc. Depic67 Chicago,u.s_a.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year    Six Months    Three Months    ..$1.00  .. 0.75  .. 0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find   for Bella Coola Courier for   . subscription  Name  P. 0.  Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed iq^""������"������p  *F  BELLA GOOLA COURIER  Saturday, November 26  ONE DOLLAR  RjONE year  ^  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coast between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles  // will be to your interest Jo \eep Wetl informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"    x  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now* is -the time to keep  your tfame, before the  public. /; No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford- to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public a<  tising brings.  Keep Up the Fertility of the Soil.  The characteristic vwhich distinguishes   the /fertile western  prairie soils is'the: large proportion of vegetablernatter with its  accompanying nitrogen.    It is to  this fact that they owe their re-  ?narkable   fertility  and   lasting  quality.    For the most part they  certainly contain abundant stores  of the mineral elements of plant  food, but in this respect they do  not differ from many soils of less  productiveness in other parts of  the Dominion.    It is the larger  percentage.of nitrogen holding,  humus' forming material  incorporated with the sand and clay  that give to these soils their superiority.  It is  stated by Dr. Shutt, of  Ottawa,  that nitrogen , may  be  regarded as the chief index of  the fertility of prairie soils, the  most reliable -measure of their  crop producing power.   Nitrogen  is the chief constituent of humus,  but the latter is very valuable in  addition to being the storehouse  for the ��������� nitrogen  that  may  be  readily nitrified and made available for the crops'.    During its  further decay it aids in liberating  potash, ph'osphoric acid and lime  so that in all probability a large  part of the food supply of the  growing crops is obtain ed through  the humus.  ' TJhere is also to "be observed a  wonderful influence on the physical condition of soils.    This is  most markedly feltin increasing  the capacity of the soil for holding moisture. . Investigations at  Ottawa   have   shown   that   the  moisture holding power of the  soils is in  direct proportion to  the organic matter contained. Its  power of   modiiying tilth and  temperature is  common  knowledge to all and need not be enlarged upon here.   Jn short it is  humus that gives, "life" to the  soil, for it is the material upon  which the useful micro organisms feed/organisms that prepare food for farm crops, hence  it is a���������fitting; and comfortable  medium for seed germination  and root extension.  Already, manure   applied   to  prairie soils is producing excellent results.    It has been found  that at the North Dakota Experi:  mental Station that manure has  given a return of $1.40 per, load  and that was en the heavy Red  River  Valley soils.    To secure  ihis result it was applied to a  corn crop which it increased as  well as the wheat crops that followed it.    Had it been applied  directly to.the wheat these good  results would   likely   not   have  been secured.    In fact, it might  have brought in the first crop a  decrease instead of the"25"per  cent increase. ' ��������� ���������  .  Fertility can be maintained and  even increased without the-use  of commercial fertilizers, but the  farmer must realize' that the essentials for such procedure are  rotation of crops in ,which  leguminous .crops take an important place," the marketing'of his  crops in the form of animal products, and trie return to"the land  of the organic matter taken from  it. ���������������������������        .'    .       ,  : The law.oi nature.is; "Do the  thing and you shall have the  power, but they who do not the  thing have not the power."  Save the Liquid Manure.  It is not good economy to spend  money for organic nitrogen in  tankage, blood or fish, while  clover or veitch can be grown  as a catch crop and supply such  nitrogen free of .cost.'  It is poor economy to buy potash  while great quantities are being  wasted in liquid manure. It  might be stated here that a ton  of sheep urine contains 42 pounds  of potash while a ton of the solid  excrement contains only , nine  pounds; a ton of cow urine contains 27 pounds of potash while  the solid excrement contains only  2 pounds, and a ton of horse  urine contains 25 pounds while  the solid excrement contains only  8 pounds.  In spite of the value^of liquid  manure  as   a  potash fertilizer  little or no effort is being made  to preserve it, and yet potash in  the form of muriate is being offered in small lots at $250 a ton.  It is bad ' business to keep on  buying plant food elements such  as phosphoric acid while your soil  is abundantly supplied with these  elements.     \Vhile  money spent  in buying chemicals is not usually  lost thorough such mistakes it is  not wisely invested.  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People .are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British' Columbia offers  opportunities'for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. "Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  DUILD UP Y'OU R' HOME  :*?-. TOWN.| r Do not talk���������sup-  -port-home^ industries��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you ire in earnest is to  practise it/  Support the "Courier" and you  are doingsOmething for yourself  and your community.  TAXIDERMIST  ���������       "PP'*MS*S������SSS*S������^SW*"iS"������������������MMS������SSMSiM*S������  All kinds, of Game' Heads,  mounted,/ 'true to nature,"  and also some fine specimens for sale,': by���������  Hans Allertson  < HAGENSBORG, B. C.  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of  Toronto. Let us quote you.  KYDD BROS., LiMSTED  Vancouver, B. C.  The C  a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  'T1 HE'two principal reasons  .A: why- you should buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard,,etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government .inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  Virtues of the Homely Onion. .  ��������� Onions supply a complete cure  in themselves for cold, as well  as being a wonderful remedy in  cases of insomnia. An onion  cure breakfast includes a poached  egg on toast, three table-spoonfuls of fried onions and a cup of  coffee. Luncheon of sandwiches  made of brown'bread, buttered,  and.filled with fine chopped raw  onion, seasoned with salt and  pepper make the second meal on  the'schedule.  For the supper the onion may  be fried as for breakfast, and  eaten with a chop and a baked  potato. Onion plasters are prescribed .to-break-up hard coughs.  They are made of fried onion  placed between two slices of old  muslin. The plaster is kept quite  hot until the patient is snugly in  bed, when it is placed on the  chest, to stay over night.  Onion syrup is claimed by some  to be Qnequalled as" a cure for a  bad cold in the. head.  For Sale by  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  Ogfil vie's  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  From  ALL GOOD GROCERS.  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN I895  Brymldsen  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandis  Dry Goods and Notion!  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARI  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVE'  OB  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and..; Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    ������  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddle;  Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mo������ suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions!  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts]  kept on hand.    Prompt service  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisionera  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  .. .raw     .   - J������VAf*������  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stuck  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  . BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C.]  1

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