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Bella Coola Courier 1916-05-13

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 ���������YOU  WANT  GOOD   SPORT  ISIT  BELLA COOLA.   EXCEL-  ST HUNTING AND FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR APRIL.  Compiled  by  Mr. C. H.  Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 55.    Minimum, 26.  Highest Max. (27th)68.    Lowest Min. (21) 32  Rainfall, 2.55 inches.  Rainfall for the year (1915) 34.33 inches.  4���������NO. 30  BELLA COOLA, B.C., SATURDAY, MAY 13,  1916.  $1.00 a Year  Fck on Verdun  Js Diminishing  Bjadians Are Heavily Shelled  May 11.���������The activity  MfoWHefVerdun front has practi-  "  ^Uflliminished.    Artillery ac-  SfnSrivest'Meuse is only inter-  Itlf.    An attack on French  "s between the rivers Oise  isne   was   repulsed   with  osses to the enemy. East  fise and Woevre intermit-  fannonading.    Hand gren-|  French Attack on  Verdun Front  Enormous Losses on Both Sides  Paris. May 12.���������The Germans  launched offensive attacks east  of the river Meusein the Verdun  region, attacking the Freneh  near Vaux. Attacks unsuccessful. French retaliated, by making vigorous attacks in the Verdun region, enormous losses to  both sides.      .  Along" the eastern front Rus-  irmishes during the nightjsians are being made objects of  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  woods of Avaeourt and  of fort Douamount.  ense heavy artillery engage-  ts still  continue  along the  ro'nt of the Canadian battle line  landers. .".","���������"  ���������_,_5^-' '  lirks Consider Peace  Jndon, May 11.���������A Salonika  p'atch says that a grand counting held in the Sultan's  ce and that it is considering  ce terms.   11 is reported that  chers  in  aH   the   principal  ueS; are urging the people  repare for liberation.    Select  mittees  are   being   formed.  Gfaye events anticipated.  ^___      _    . ,  ingpxPrassian Aeroplane Factory  f������ mi.     ���������   Destroyed^  London, May 11.���������Copenhagen  'jfreports received here this morn-  state that a fire broke out in  faerqplane factory at Altona-,  ussia.-   An explosion occurred  lie a mechanic  was  pouring  rol into a machine.   Sixty-two  er machines,  most of which  ^ip^fre ready for service or nearly  '^^^^lpleted,   were   destroyed  to-  occasional sharp thrusts by Teutonic Allies.  Considerable increased activity  reported from Balkans. There  has been much firing by heavy  artillery and some infantry skirmishes on Macedonia frontier.  Athens, May 32.���������A despatch  reports brisk fighting north of  Avlona, indicating that Austri-  ans are about to move against  the Italians.  S. S. Camosun after a very  tempestuous voyage reached our  port Monday morning at 10 o'clock.  The following passengers landed on our hospitable shore: Corp.  Randolph Saugs'tad, Privates  John Nygaard and A. Oveson;  Mrs. B. Brynildsen and two children and Miss Brevik.  Those who went away were:  0. T. Landry, Earl Stoessiger,  Mrs. H. L. Harris and Frank  Broughton with a prisoner.  |,has joined the ranks. News  reaches us that Gerald H. Lind-  sell who left Bella Coola last fall  for a short stay at Victoria has  enlisted.  Randolph    Saugsted,   Alfred]  Chas. Tujjker, Dominion^ constable, landed Johnnie Clallaman  an Indian-in the toils of the law  one week ago by surprising him  one night in the act of selling  wine to some other Indians. Mr.  Tucker promptly arrested the  offenders and turned them over  to the gentle mercies of Frank  Broughton the provincial constable.  ' Their   several   offences were  , _ , .  ,,       i passed  upon  in  due course by  Oveson andJohn Nygaard, three |Indianagent Fougner  who  de_  If  fflmrj  ^Mse-ner witn the factory, several  "tfgjjlives were lost.     ..-...'  w���������-���������:   Another German Note  Irish Rebellion Results  in 794 Casualties  London, May 12.���������Premier Asquith in theHouse of Commons  today said he felt it his duty to  go to Dublin. The number of  casualties among civilians in the  uprising in Ireland on May 9 is  given as 180 killed and 640 injured. Fourteen persons have  been executed in Ireland to date.  Seventy-three received sentence  of [penal servitude and six imprisonment with hard labor.  Enemy Transport Sunk  Rome, May 12. ���������In lower Adriatic French submarine sank an  enemy transport laden'with war  materials.  of our soldier boys, are visiting  their homes on furlough after  spending the winter at thecamp  of the 102nd Battalion at Comox.  The training they have received  has enhanced their fine appearance and it is safe to say that  during their short stay they will  far outdistance any of the home-  stayers in their popularity, not  only with the girls- but with  everybody.  They are weil pleased -with- a  soldier's life arid have only one  desire, to go to the front and  engage the enemy. They brought  tidings of the rest of the Bella  Coola boys at the camp. They  are, every-one of them, in good  health and spirits.    The two of-  cided that Clallaman's character  would improve by a sojourn of  four months in the provincial  jail at New Westminster, and  that a fine of $5.00 each would  bea strong incentive to Mr. and  Mrs. Webber to lead a life of  rectitude in the future.  John Widsten, fishery*officer,  and Olaf Fosbak left last week  for Kimsquit river, where they  with a crew of men will be engaged in removing leg jams obstructing the passage of salmon  up the stream: They will be  away about one month.  J. P. Brynildsen has returned  from a stay -of several weeks at  ficers   from   Bella   Coola   have ! the hot springs on South Ben tink  v#X%* Washington,  May 11  Secretary Lansing received a message  .������~;from Ambassador Gerard giving  t1 notice that another note on the  Sussex case had been handed  him and was now on its way to  Washington. The German government now admits the attack  on the Sussex and gives notice  that the submarine commander  responsible is to be severely punished. Reparation promises are  also made by the German gov-  ment.  ns  German Casualties  Placed at 2,822,709  London, May 11.���������The British  official estimate of the German  casualties during the month of  April are placed at 91,160. Since  the beginning of the war the  total losses of the Germans are estimated at 2,822,709.  London, May 11.���������Lord Crewe  tannounced in the House of Lords  1/ yesterday that Lord Wimbourne.  ,V'Ijl lord-lieutenant of Ireland, had  jsj>resign#d owing'tb-the Irish re-  Vsvolutioji.  If  4p?   U. S. Troops in Mexico to Concentrate  f: El Paso, Texas, May 11.���������Gen.  \ - Pershing has been ordered to be-  V, gin greater concentration of his  troops. Those detachments still  operating as far south as San  Antonio to be withdrawn to Co-  lonia Dublan.  Subs. Toll of Merchants  London, May 12���������Thirty-seven  unarmed merchantmen and 20  neutral vessels were torpedoed  without warning between April  7 and May 2.  Strike Situation in  Chicago Increasing  Chicago, May 12.���������The strike  situation, involving as it does  thousands of men of various industries, appeared today more  serious than at any time. It was  augmented by more than 1500  cutters and tailors and 2000 clothing workers quit work. Demands for shorter hours and increased wages, also recognition  of the Union.  Submarine Base on Panama  Canal  Washington, May 12. ��������� Secretary Daniels, Baker and Panama  Canal authorities joined in recommending Congress to appropriate three million dollars for  submarine bases on Panama Canal, and urge that it be immediately available.  Marathon, Tex. May 12���������Major  Langhorne's two troops of cavalry crSssed the Rio Grande into  Mexico last night.  Edinburgh, May 12.��������� 3 Socialists were sentenced today for advising munition workers to quit.  made themselves conspicuous by  their fine appearance and, unnecessary to add, their excellent  behavior.  Mrs. B. Brynildsen returned  after a two weeks visit to Vancouver and New Westminster.  Her trip was a combination of  business and pleasure. The  pleasure consisted in a pleasant  visit with her two oldest boys,  Birger and Alger, who are attending high school at New'  Westminster.  Miss Alpha Brevik arrived here  from Crookston, Minnesota, with  the intention of making her home  with her aunt, Mrs. I. Fougner.  Arm much improved in health.  D. H. Hoage of Canoe Crossing has sold his big grey team to  F. A. Johnson who will use it in  hauling logs to the mill.  Percy Gadsden will now be able  to supply the demands of the  mill for logs at a rate which will  ! satisfy the energetic manager.  O. T. Landry, the postmaster  and telegraph operator, in response to a call to come to the  deathbed of his mother, left for  Ottawa. During his absence his  duties will be attended to by  Ralph Edwards of Atnarko.  S. S. Celtic made an untimely  call very early Monday morning.  Expecting the arrival of the mail  steamer about that time our public spirited citizens were roused  out of their beds by the strident  whistle of the freighter, to find  out after a travel of two miles or  more to the wharf that their  early exertions were all for  nought. It was not the passenger boat.  Am%ti&\t'he'recent arrivals we  most heartily welcome a daughter  born to Mr. and Mrs. H. G. Anderson on Tuesday at the residence of Mrs. Clayton.  It is hoped her age will not be  appreciably increased before her  proud father returns from the  war.  Another man from Bella Coola  We take pleasure in publishing  the following "letter from four  commercial travellers who paid  our town a visit last week:  To the' Editor.  Sir,���������Among the recent improvements noticeable in your  town is the hotel which is now  under the management of Mr.  and Mrs. B. F. Jacobsen and  Mrs. P. G. Noot.  In the past the hotel has not  enjoyed an enviable reputation,  especially among the travelling  men who have generally, after  a short stay, expressed' much  displeasure of the accommodation and treatment received.  We, who have signed this letter have been guests of the hotel  since the change in management  and wish to express our surprise  and pleasure of the treatment  received at the hands of the ef  ficient management,   who   are  sparing no pains to make everything as comfortable and pleasant as possible.  (Signed)  C. L. Burtch, of Remington U.  M. C. Co.  S. Temkin, of Edmonton Hide  & Fur Co.  T. J. Stephens, of J. Leckie &  , Co.  W. Laing, of Turner, Beeton  & Co.   A commercial traveller, a subscriber and admirer of the Courier, has handed us the following  item for publication, the sentiment of which it is needless to  say we heartily endorse:1  Is the Courier Worth While?  This is a question which was  under discussion during the past  week among some of .our townspeople. The following speaks  for itself. A traveller representing one of the large business  houses of the province had the*  following to say in favor of the  Bella Coola publication. Returning home one evening he looked  over the latest copy of the Courier and on perusing it iound a  news item announcing that one  of our large up-coast industries  was about to commence operations on a large scale;, Acting  on this information he proceeded  to the head office of the concern  and in due course landed some  orders for his firm which were  worth while, the direct result of  a live news item from the Courier.  The Courier prints only facts,  reliable and live and up-to-date  news. Subscribe to the Courier  now.    Mr. C. L. Burtch, representing the Remington Arms-Union  Mettalic Cartridge Co. had when  here two weeks ago, just completed a trip through the interior  of B. C. (not including the G. T.  P. line and the Cariboo,) and he  reports conditions as exceptionally good. Unusual lumbering  activity caused by the marked  shortage of lumber on the prairies, has been the means of opening up mills that have .been  closed for the last few years.  He reports unusual mining activity in the country he has been  through, as Well, properties  which have not been operated  for years in Phoenix, Greenwood  and Princeton are being opened  this [year extensively and new  properties around Penticton,  Princeton and Ashcroft particularly are being exploited.  NOTICE  SEALED TENDERS addressed to the  Secretary of the Bella Coola Telephone, Light and Power Company are  hereby called for. Tenders will be.received until May lt>, for repairs and  upkeep of the telephone line trom May  20 until February 15, 1917.  For the purposes of these tenders the  line is divided into two divisions. Tenders must be offered for each division  separately. One division comprises the  line from Bella Coola to 1. Fougner's  ranch; the other division, the line between Fougner's to Wm. Graham's  ranch.  For further information apply to���������-  A. C. Christensen, Secretary.  Our Oldest Inhabitant Gone  to His Rest.  I morning he was found dead in  | his bed, having expired in the  : night without any one being  ! aware of it.  | Of his eleven children, two  I reside in Bella Coola, Ole Fosbak  j and Mrs. Nygaard, the rest are  scattered over several states of  the Union and one is in Norway.  It is not possible at this writing  to ascertain the total number of  grandchildren and great grand  children; in Bella Coola alone his  descendants number 2 children,  16 grand children and 52 great  grand children, making a total  of 70 persons.  His funeral took place yesterday from Fosbak's residence.  Rev. H. Sageng officiating.  Our public spirited residents  of the town, both ladies and  gentlemen, gathered at the Mackenzie school on Wednesday  evening to discuss the celebration of Empire Day. The meeting organized by electing C.  Carlson, chairman, and C. Tucker, secretary.  Great unanimity prevailed  throughout the whole of the  proceedings. It wasdecidedlhat  there should be two committers,  one on sports and another on le-  freshments. As a committee en  sports the following were elected: W. E. Gallienne, chairman,  Theo. Livelton, C. Tatrie tand  Robert Grant.  As the Red Cross committee  expressed through its president,  Mrs. Clayton, its willingness to  take charge of the serving of  refreshments it was decided to  turn this part of the "work over  to that committee.  Chas. Tucker was delegated to  get the grounds in readiness for  the occasion. The meeting 'then  adjourned.  It is confidently expected that  the different committees will attend to their duties in a manner  that will ensure to the people a  successful and enjoyable celebration.      A concert in honor of our visiting soldiers will be held at the  Hotel Hall this evening. The  admission will be free; but a collection will be taken up for the  benefit of the Red Cross Society.  Ole Fosbak, who had the distinction of being the oldest person in Bella Coola, died at his  son's home on Wednesday the  10th inst., in his 98th year.  He was born in the Bardo Valley in Northern Norway in the  year 1818. He emigrated to Red  River Valley, Minnesota, where  he took up land and spent over  thirty years as a successful farmer. Since 1910, he has resided  with his son in this valley. During the last years of his life he  suffered from the infirmities of  old age, but had no actual sickness up till the moment of his  death. The last day of his life,  he spent as usual with the rest  of his family, walking about and  enjoying  his  meals.    The next!  The work of rebuilding the  Bella Coola bridge has been completed and the bridge is again  open totraffic.  Under the able superintend-  ency of Thos. McRostie the construction has proceeded from  start to finish without an apparent hitch, and both friends and  opponents of our government are  satisfied with this piece of work.  Want4*A- beef-strain cattle on  2LS5i_!_S: shares. Two-year-  old heifers of the same breed required. Not less than ten and  up to twenty. For full particulars apply to���������  M. W. Marvin, Atnarko. B. C.  Upper Bella Coola Valley.  ���������c>-.<-_e>^<_������->-.<*c> ���������<_������^-<*_r>->s-s ���������  (Chttrrli Nuiir?  Sunday School  Church  Service  10:45 a.m.  7 : 30 p. m.  9  Preacher:  Rev. Hans Sageng, A. B.  All Are Welcome. f lliipsf  111 ill'  I,   y$<J3ij,ii 3 ii'-iftiif-'i'  I ill III.  Pil'  ill pill'.  Ill III  iSIIIIIli1--  Ipfjiil ������  MI  if I ISP '��������� ���������  MkmmM-  lliil:  ijK  IW25S3'..  I  ill  1  i  i  ililf  o?  '1  BELLA COOLA COURIER  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd:  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1 Year $1.00  6 Months  .'���������' 0.75  3 Months    0.50  United States  1  Year. $1.50  United Kingdom  1 Year .:     $1.00  i  ���������-���������  * ���������      .  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising  Rates,  Apply at  Office.  To ConRESPONDENTS���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the  . name and address of every writerof such letters  must be sriven to the editor.  The Editor reserves the riprht to refuse publication of any letter.    All manuscript at writer's  risk.  "Dalits papitlrnitprrma tst lex."  SATURDAY, MAY 13, 1916.  Balla Coola Mast Help.  Elsewhere in this issue is published an appeal for subscriptions  in aid of an aviation school to be  established in the province, presumably at Vancouver, for the  training  of   ayiators   for   our  armies during the war.    After  peace   has   been   declared   the  school will find a large field of  work in  training men  for the  aero service to be organized for  the defense of bur coast.  Mr. M. A. Seymour, the author  of: the article referred to, and  Mr. Carl -All, V Vancouver,  made Bella Coola a call last week  and succeeded in impressing  very, forcibly upon our mind the  great importance and need of  such a school at this time*  total  population  have departed  for the scenes of wart /  This is as it ought-to be, but  let us not get weary in well doing.    This opportunity of. serv-  ing our land  and the cause of |  freedom is now upon us and'may  never come to us again.    Let us  therefore remain  equal   to  the  occasion and continue to contribute,  even from scanty means,  to this cause which in its entirety  is  in   the   world's   history  the  greatest of causes.    Prominent  men of Bella Coola have signified  their  willingness' to  undertake  the work of raising a sum in our  valley for this school proportionate to our ability and patriotism.  Some of the most foremost men  in patriotic work in the province  are at the head of this movement  and isasufficient guarantee of the  necessity for it and also its successful issue.    We believe Bella  Coola will lineup with" the rest  of the province in this work.  NO ALUM  The  Vancouver Election  Frauds.  The investigation into the alleged election frauds iri the Van-  coaver by-election is progressing fused. These _._ M1C UIJiy  in its nauseating way. Both the grounds the Conservatives have  Liberals and the Conservatives for claiming that the Libera]  are accusing each other of being members of the legislature op-  trip,  nnrfioa  -ml-i^ /-.-.^v.,--. _ ^ -.-,... ^  ings against parties accused of  illegal voting at this particular  by-election.    But the Conservative's as represented by the government   are   opposed   to   the1  courts handling the case and succeeded in Having a parliamentary  committee appointed by.the Conservative legislature to investigate.   . The   Liberals,   through  their   members   in   parliament,  proposed this committee should  investigate violations of the election-laws at the Victoria-election  also.    This- the government re-  is on a par with an expression of  Mr. Bowser's, made some years  ago to the writer, that he did  , not care much for the rights and  wrongs in a certain case; it was  the votes he was after.   Although  Mr. Bowser claims the frauds to  be investigated were on an enormous scale, yet he has not much  faith in the ability of the courts  of the land and officers of the  law to deal with them.    Their  method of dealing with this sort  of crime does not appeal to our  simon pure but thoroughly dis  credited government.  f������y 13, ,9  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co Ltd  VANCOUVER,  B. C.        '  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S  FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF  "PRIDE OF THE  WEST"  BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  4^-1  MADE    IN    B. C."  The Evidence in the Case.  The scum of Seattle brought  up as witnesses in the alleged  election   frauds   in  Vancouver,  admit   they   have   been jailed,  been living under assumed names  and some of them boldly assert  that they did not vote as often  as they pretended and had agreed  to do, some of them go so far as  |>to claim that they did not vote  at all, but collected their money  under a false pretence just the  same.  They all say they were asked  Send for Catalogue Prompt Attention Given I.  cn'->- Orderi  the adverse vote of the Prohibitionists.  .  ��������� It is believed that a Conservative victory in Vancouver would  have been a definite  signal to"!  Mr. Bowser.to1 refuse in import-lout before his senk, <.. | 1(|l  ant particulars the demands of served, by somcon, ,,���������'%  the  Prohibitionists.    But as it/fine to enable him tn^uT  bia.  One of the wit,,,...,^ ^J:.j  jail at the time th,. ^,V(���������.J;'"  needed his..evident-.- to e'cr^fl  the Liberals.    He  hi  are   the   only to vote for M. A. Macdonald the  the parties who engineered the  "vote plugging'' complained of.  1    If the testimony of_the self-  confessed liars and released jail  birds procured by the Conservatives as their chief witnesses are  to be believed in this case "the  Liberals are the ones who were  benefitted by their illegal voting.  They give circumstantial evidence of how they were approached af Seattle, beingoffereda trip  War cannot be conducted sue- to Vancouver with all their ex-  cessfullyatall'inthese-dayswith- penses-paid and $10 cash, to aid  out aviators, and as the art of in the" election of a "wet".can-  flying is .being improved and de  ��������� veloped the'aviators profession  becomes more and more import-  antand altogether indispensable.  The aviators are fittingly called  the eyes of the army; as a blind  didate  From the reports in our exchanges of the appointment of  the parliamentary committee and  the testimony produced, it is hard  for us to  believe the .Liberals  posed the investigation. -  Their's  was a criticism of methods not  opposition  to the investigation  itself.   As the government-has"  two lawyers on the committee  the Liberal members asked permission, to engage legal counsel  to_ assist them in the examination of witnesses.    This the government refused and the premier,  the;highest legal'officer in the  sovernrpent, tookr.this oceaSio���������ted by all who know-the facte  to ask the astounding question,    "  that if the Liberals had clean  Liberal candidate, who was said  to be -./wet" as opposed to Mr.  Tisdal who was "dry". They  came to Vancouver to help defeat  prohibition by/voting the Liberal  ticket.' Anybody who is at all  acquainted with the situation  knows this must be false.  If there was any prohibition  issue involved in that "election  the Conservatives were certainly  favored by the liquor, element  and' the Liberals supported by  the Prohibitionists. . It is admit  turned out it is worthy'of note  how suddenly after this by-election Mr. Bowser yielded to every  request of the Prohibition Movement. Mr. Macdonald was at no  time considered to be the "wet"  candidate. And for the same  reason it is safe to assume that  the liquor element would under  no circumstances help the Liberals in their alleged efforts "to get  "repeaters"* imported from  Seattle to.carry the.election for  their candidate.  But according to the veracious  witnesses produced; Mr. Clancy  one of the most notorious of the  toria.   Mr. Brewster, ih( \v^  member, asked who thi^  ous person was, but t|;t. ((f(, ,  "vatives  on  the Comn.itiu t/*  ak,; it \-rfj ,<$���������  fe^-  th e witness not torn  hands why should they need A. Macdonald; because the Lib-  legal assistance? According" to eral leader, Mr. H. C. Brewster,  'the sentiment conveyed by this was the only one who had given  expression, . lawyers are only an answer -satisfactory to the  hired for the purpose of hiding demand of the Prohibitionists  the truth, beclouding; the issues for a referendum; while the Con-  and perverting justice.; We have servative   leader,   Mr.   Bowser,  ward heelers and liquprmen in  Seattle, was one of the chief  agents in rounding up these men  to aid in the election of the Lib-  er>l candidate [n Vancouver in      -._ _. _(order to prevent prohibition from  that   the   Prohibitionists   voted\be���������2 adopted in British Colum-  for the Liberal candidate Mr. M.  We ask, who is blocking m.t  gation in this instanceV  The Conservatives if,  that even if these w.itr.t ^t-<  the scum of the earth .^ ,rt  certainly have proven 11.* n h  to be, yet their tesUmotn r-  be checked up and corn f rr_  by their individual test nu  and in that way it may be Ian,  ���������  whether they fell  the iiii",  not in regard to,the case >n r?-  While we admit*the strength''  this contention we will jointc;  that they may tell the truth.  every detail except in gi\ i ng t'*-  name of .the man they \w-re  structed.to vqte for, _r,d ii" it  do that their falsehoods -ttrrc  be detected in.that way.  cf  parson is too seriously handicap- wouW Be so foolish WSSTh"?^ *' " , ""^ leaae1' Mr' *������"���������  ped by his-infirmity to be able in the frauds charged to them ^ K��������������� ��������� ���������. ^ UnHsaid he would ���������into the posi-  todefend-himsel/effectuallyand In the first place the Conser wS**^"'h^al counsel ������on takei, by Sir Richard Mc-  successfuliy, against attack^ so vatives accuse the -ftJ^feS^ *'3S   C������"Sidered  an  army   without  an   aviation tryW.to block the,I���������sli������������������������ ���������������������������! ^ ,    ������*      ; C''ent; bmg i^-'ivein.the.Wtreme.   And we  an   army   without   an   aviation  corps would be at the mercy of  _ its enemies.,   The present supply  tryingjfco block the investigation,  out the truth and promote jus-  This is not true.    The Liberals tice.    But according to Mr. Bow-  ._  ���������   l^aj   vvere the first to start the inquiry ser's experience an honest man  reason for the crushing defeat  of aviators is wholly inadequate by instituting criminal proceeds does not need.iegal counsel.  This of the Conservative   candidate ~^  to fill the demands.   Only private .������������������ ������������������ :   all remem ber that after the elec  ���������tion Mr. Bowser ascribed as one  reason for the crushing defeat  SOLD BY ALL DEALERS  schools are engaged in the train  ing of men.������������������ for the- air service;  and  the tuition  and  other expenses involved are so high, that  it   is   only   the   comparatively  wealthy that can afford to pay  the expenses and run the risk of  at last being rejected as unsuitable.  An effort is now being made to  raise $20,000 for the establishment of an aviation school where  the expenses of the pupils would  be reduced to a minimum.    And  a province-wide canvass is now  going on to raise this amount.  The appeal should not be made  in vain.    We are living at a time  when the country calls for supreme sacrifices from her citizens.    Will we prove ourselves  equal to the extraordinary times  in which we are living?   Or shall  history bear record  that when  the great crisis of civilization  came upon  us we  were found  wanting?   Last year Bella Coola  raised hundreds of dollars for a  machinegun and otherhundreds  for various other war purposes.  More than ten per cent of our  Whips Lilce  Cream,   Costs   Les, ,  Sta>>s fresh longer, it's cleaner.     Tluit's %  why    Canada First" (Evaporaled) Milk J\  ������ Canada's Best Milk.      See Dominion ' "  Covernment Bulletin Ho. 305.  Ast\ your Qrocer.  AYLMEH   CONDENSED   MILK  CO., Ltd.  Ji\S-    *_)_������__ __.   AYLM_R,   ONTARIO  r'.-i  ��������� r'\  ���������������J"  r4   i^-4   i-t-i   _.���������_*->���������*  IOE  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SEKVICK  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  S. S.   "Chelohsin" Leaves   Vancouver  every  Thursday at 11  p. m.     (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Sundays 9 a. m.  S. S.   "Coquitlam"   sails   from   Vancouver for!  ^o ny'^Carrying Gaso!ine  and   Explosives,   will <  at iJella Coola by "arrangement.  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THP PArr^fnTTT^ ~-     C ^  JUL* vt  J.HE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  HE^OmM'cTlS!^***? nnd ������thcr "formation, apply ..  agtit, ^^ovb^^^^^Z^''  ������rGK0'  M,;(:K,:,;",;  HOC  WWMiM^MIM$!!^M%  ^'^y^jI'JfSiSilSfWKiS^i^^  ���������W(������������57W������ll������Wf������(*H  '*������*w���������T*rvr*r-r *���������  ^m.-?,,.ns"rr:nrmT���������  __*-^ Mi'  4 5  ^0M'  11 . *    ������^wjP  id,  Mpfoy* May 13,   1916  iffy r^fl  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  ft  The B. C Aviation School  BY Jtt. A. SEYMOUR.  if  me aviators." These: hordes, which was chiefly due to  fthe parting words of Lloyd j her small but highly efficient  fe to Senator Bostock last i aviation corps. Russia's failure  I'hey were the outcome of j on the eastern frontier was ad-  )rd  en  Zdtm  "HI  "U-  <���������-*������$  J t *��������� r r  ,������q  WES  ii t  If r  let  ' ������J  ���������emendous demand which  jjjfg felt for trained men for  iyal Flying Corps and the  aval Air Service,  lvalue of the aeroplane as  s of reconnaissance and  [fry  operation   was   recog-  [before the war broke out,  full   possibilities   were  suspected.     Before this  ���������econnaissances were un-  n by squads of rapidly  cavalry which would take  lays to reconnitre a posi-  t now can be done in 3  [y a hundred-mile-an-hour  ne. Artillery observation,  [was usually inaccurate and  impossible, is  now made  ,te  and  instantaneous  by  iss and the aeroplane.    In  he aeroplane has become  ie of the army.    As the  :ope is to the submarine so  ferial scout is to the army  ander.  d-Marshall French said on  embrable occasion of Mons:  rould sooner lose two battali-  if infantry than one aviator,  portant is hetoour manoeu-  "     This   was   emphasized  in the beginning of the war  elgium's magnificent stand  Inst the onrushing German  mittedly due to the fact that her  officers   were   ignorant   of   the  strategical disposition of the German troops, while the Germans  had daily photographic reproductions of the Russian lines of defense, fortifications and supply  routes.    Paris' absolute protection against Zeppelin raids is because of her immense flotillas of  aeroplanes;   and   London's   de-  fenselessnessisdue to the lack of  a sufficient number of machines.  The defensive value of the flying machine, however, for coastal protection  was  unsuspected;  yet it has attained such a position  that the British.Admiralty has  stated    that   three . aeroplanes  have the same utility of defense,  at a fraction of the cost, as a  large battleship.   The only rational  answer to an  attack by  Zeppelin is  by aeroplane; even  against an attack by warship, the  aeroplane is the best defense.  These will become more and more  the chief means of coastal protection and is very significant to  Canada and especially to* British  Columbia, with her thousands of  miles of uninhabited and vulnerable coastline.    This fact is recognized by Canada's decision to  organize, after the war, a Cana  ry  C-jf *_  \-">"t  A feu) lines we specially  recommend  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ���������Biscuits  Griffen & Skelleys.  famous gold and  silverbar���������  Canned and dried  fruits  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  rfiolesa!e Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  _l  V.  i  s?  "*    c  **  ;ri  *\  V  &���������  POLARIN  The  Best Known  and  Popular Lubricant for  Motor Boats  Its use assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or In cylinders  IMPERIAL OIL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B.C.  ?  ItMlways  Pleases"  dian Aviation Corps, the personnel of which will be recruited  from those Canadians now at the  front.  The efficiency of the- flying  service increases with the growth  of the personnel. To keep the  service manned, with its ever-  increasing strength, means a  continuous supply of trained men  and Canadians have shown that  th6y are made of the material  which constitutes a good flying  officer.  The only men the British government recruits for these services are those who have a pilot's  certificate' and  then to further  their usefulness gives them four,  months  of   strenuous   training.  But they must first obtain this  certificate at a private school at  their own expense; the government reimbursing those who arc  successful.    There is no school  in British Columbia or Canada,  and the tuition fees of the British  and  American  schools  ranging  as they do from $350 to $600, exclusive of travelling and living  expenses,   make   this   training  impossible  for the majority o>\  young men in British Columbia..  The B. C. Aviation  School -is]  being organized by the Aero Club;  of B. C. for the purpose of supplying this deficiency.    Already,,  before the school has been an-  nounced as a certainty, the Clut  has   received   150   applications  of men  willing and anxious to  serve their country in the flying  service, but unable to stand the  high,  cost   of   the   preliminary  training.     The Club, therefore,  aims to establish the school on a  patriotic  basis   and   gives   this  training at cost or about $100,  but they cannot do this unless  sufficient  funds are  subscribed  to purchase the equipment.    It is  expected that the school will have  5 machines with three qualified  instructors.    Courses, have been  arranged in wireless, navigation  and the mechanical construction  and operation of aeroplanes and  their motors.    The Club has arranged  that the   men   will   Le  tested and examined when ready  and will be sent over to England  at the expense of the government as soon as they have qualified for their certificate.  The Aero Club is appealing for  about $20,000 for this purpose;  their aim is purely patriotic, but  differs from the usual patriotic  effort in that it is constructive  ind not compensatory.     It has.  the definite constructive object  of creating a source of trained  men as a valuable asset to the  Mother Country and of providing  training facilities for the young-  manhood of this Province.    The  demand is imperative and immediate, it is a military and naval  necessity.     The man material is  abundant and now the opportunity is here.    The Club appeals  to every serious  thinking  man  and woman  in the Province for  their support in a splendid patriotic movement.    British Columbia ha$y.eyer stood the test and  here is" a call to her patriotic sons  and daughters to assist her own  young men,  the greatest  asset  any county has, to go to the front  and fight on her behalf in the  most valuable of services���������The  Flying Squadrons.  COMPARISONS.  A writer in the Vancouver Sun  makes comparisons between the  expenses of the provinces of  New Brunswick and British Co-  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  /"OAL MJNING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  *-* Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Tejiritory, the North-west Territories and in a portion of the Province of  British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,560 acres will be lease-  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to ihe.Awent or Sub-Ajrent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or lejral aubdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of Jo which'will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full Quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  /the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  ���������are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of S10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. COKY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. H.~ Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������'Mfi'M.  BUSINESS CARDS  [__  HOE  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and-trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individu-  j1 house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  [ol. |( ~toi ~  Dealers and Trappers  / helvlason (jrlxischPiano  of to-day will make plain our  privilege to state with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  ^ T Let us attend your Victor Record  ^" mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  \X7HAT person _o happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \7L/HAT person so independent?  \X/HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola   farmers are independent  they are strangers to hard times.  HTHE REASONS  for this  enviable  condi-  ���������*��������������������������� tion of affairs   are   obvious  to  anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; Jong warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  . Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful .wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  uinbia. It appears that it costs  about five times as much to run  the different departments in Victoria as in Fredericton.  Attorney-general's department  Fredericton, $2312.50; Victoria  $2(5.599.00.  Provincial-secretary's department��������� Fredericton, $5,518.45;  Victoria, $17,430.96..  Treasurer's department���������Fredericton, $5,500.00; Victoria, $26,-  i 875.70.  r^*"^ ���������*?*������������������;'.    -i-"^.  Get "More Money " for your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in your ������������ctio_  SHIP YOUR FURS DIRECT io "SHUBKUT'Mhe larnest  house In the World dealing exclusively In NORTH AMERICAN RAW FUkS  a reliable���������responsible���������safe Fur House with an unblemished reputation existing: for "more than a third of a century," alonff successful record of sending Fur Shippers promnr.SATISFACTORY  AND PROFITABLE returns. Write for"tTbe febubtrt fcbtpprr,"  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  Write for it���������NOW���������it's FREE  AR 9HITRFRT !������/���������  25-27 west austin ave.  . D. _nU__K i , InC. DoptC 67 CHICAGO. UJSJV.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Ykar $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Thuee Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Yeak  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00   1    -    1111 ���������������������������!ii nrr 1 Ir-���������*������������������������--���������--���������  -.-.���������^-������-~^-.._...---.Ji������-;^_������������i_i->--ir_ri_-'i-jiw'i  E__ii__a__ ������������������-��������� iri���������111 mi~���������ir-n ni_~     ti i i-mrr-* -~~* ���������-���������-������--���������-- m n���������iri-"-"---���������"-- ���������������������������--��������� ������������������rr-_-_a_  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  t      ,         BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. 0   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed  ������������������''������������������" ��������� ��������� ��������������������������� i,..������i ii ���������ii..niwiinin���������1���������).i'T 1 mill ���������I ai m        11 "���������   *     - ' "~"���������*"-"���������"-���������-'��������� ���������" ���������������������������  ���������$#.< 11  PI *!������:  IwWlBE^  ������  k������___af  IF  BELLA COOLA COURIER  <*^a>^i-^y^-a-)iWh������--u--iii-iMwnn wi Tnyrwima m_wi  HOE  D  arvd  a  " /"^.AIN or no gain1 the cause before the farmers of Canada is as clear as it was last  *-*" ' year���������they must produce abundantly in order to meet the demands that may  be made, and I believe this to be especially true in regard to live stock, the world's  supply of which must be particularly. affected in this vast struggle."���������HON.  MARTIN BURRELL, Minister of Agriculture.  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  THE . FOLLOWING    STATEMENTS    ARE    BASED    ON    REPORTS   CONTAINED    IN  i " THE AGRICULTURAL  WAR  BOOK,   1916,"   PUBLISHED  BY   THE  DEPARTMENT  OF AGRICULTURE,   OTTAWA,  ONT. J .  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  ���������the mainland coasl between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert..  A distance of six hundred miles.  LIVE STOCK���������The herds and flocks of Europe  have been greatly reduced. "When the war is over  there will be a great demand for breeding stock.  Canadian farmers should keep this in mind.  MEATS In-1915 Great Britainimported 664,508  tons of beef, mutton and lamb, of which 364,245  tons came from, without the Empire. Out of  430,420 tons of beef only 104,967 tons came from  within the Empire. ,  The demands of the Allies for frozen beef,  canned beef, bacon and hams will increase rather  . than  diminish.    Orders are coming  to   Canada.  The decreasing tonnage space available will give  Canada an advantage if we have the supplies.  DAIRYING���������Home consumption pf milk, butter  and cheese has increased of late years. The war  demands for cheese have been unlimited. The  Canadian cheese exports from Montreal in 1915  were nearly 56,500,000 over 1914; Prices at'  Montreal--Cheese: January 1915, 15^ to 17  - cents;, January 1910, 18^ to 18*-. cents.  Butter:' January 1915, 24 to 28^ cents;  January 1916, 32 to 33 cents.       ;  EGGS���������Canada produced $30,000,000 worth of  eggs in 1915 and helped out Great Britain in the  shortage. Shippers as well as producers have a  duty and an opportunity in holding a place in  that market.  // will be to your interest to keep well informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section o]  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  WRITE TO THE DOMINION   DEPARTMENT  OF AGRICULTURE AND  TO'YOUR  PROVINCIAL DEPARTMENT FOR BULLETINS ON THESE SUBJECTS  that^TnorT^ ^^^^^ ^ ^ T^T)    '< * ������*> '* * **������  in.1916.    ���������.'--��������� ' ������������������-    *      r ab-P������sslble-    The Enwe needs all the food that we can produce  PRODUCE MORE,AND, SAVE MORE  MAKE tiABOUR EFFICIENT  SAVE MATERIALS FROM WASTE  SPEND MONEY WISELY  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public. No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings. < "  THE   GOVERNMENT   OF  CANADA -.4  THE  DEPARTMENT  OF-AGRICULTURE , .       THE  DEPARTMENT  OF  FINANCE  The Agricultural Department  urges upon the farmers to apply  to it in all the problems and  trgubles arising in their callings,  and it will give them all the information that science and experience have found out as to the  special difficulty.   -This privilege  should -be taken advantage of.  , But there are many  farmers  .who have a-special dislike for  writing letters of any kind and  they will not avail themselves of  this privilege. ,_,.,..  To meet this.difficulty every  Farmers* Institute should have  one officer whose duty should be  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock "to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British.Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is ilo;excuse. Investors  "'should keep posted on develop-  mants by reading the "Courier."  ^ffiSFes  jto receive these inquiries and  forward them to the department.  And then all .the farmer would  have to do would be "to telephone  his troubles to this officer.  1������������������    -���������WW-- ��������� - ���������   V!_._   ������������������ ���������������������������  cheers and refreshes  , at any hour of the day.  [You get the most delicious tea when you  use  Never Sold  InBulk.  w  TEA  -=.������ ������--������*������-_;_-_*_.. -  rmtmg  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  U TOWN;; Do not talk���������support home industries��������� talk is  cheap.    The: best way to show  .that you  are  in   earnest is  to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of  Toronto.    m     Let us quote you.  KYDD BROS., LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  r  I  SEASONABLE REMINDERS.  Even if the season is behin'd  farmers should be prepared* to  help it catch up.  Now is the time that some of  the early crops should be ir,  potatoes; grain, peas, root crops,  etc. if they are not in at any  rate make sure you have the soil  in/good shape to receive them,  work ic up thoroughly.  Remember that a good  seed  bed is half the battle. I  It might be well to try a few  hills of corn, beans, S3uash,_etc.  Get the strawberry bed cleaned  up, and the.runners cut, spreading straw will keep the fruit  clean.    . ' c  Don't forget.the.value of stable  manure.'   ���������. .  All cover crops should be plowed under before they get unmanageable. ���������  The time is about ripe for the  dormant spray, just before the  bud burst-  Use lime-sulphur 1 10.   If buds'  are open one to 1-35.      ,  When    transplanting   garden  plants use plenty of water.  Also be sure to keep a good  succession of lettuce, radish,  spinach, etc., by planting it at  an interval of a week or ten days.  Be sure and treat potato seed  for scab, 1 ptpt Formalin to 40  gallons of water.  A. R. Neale,  Assistant horticulturist.  Th  e  $1 a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA C00LA, B. C.  1rT,Hl3 two principal reasons  1 why you should buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc,, tire:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BACON  HAMS  LARD  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers nod Provisionera  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  HmM  Ogfilvie's  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  From  ALL GOOD GROCERS.  'Qy )3> Ull  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN  8%.  BBrynildsen  1  fa -OT-ft'.f,  LEADING   DEALERS  IN  I K  Ge n e r a 1 Merc ha n disc  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  ->?-  HEAVY AND, SHELF HARDWARE^-  ���������    " " ~ ���������������������������         __ k"  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES tf  ��������� -n__w-a__E9__i  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes    ������    ������  " Bi  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  1.  IT'S  CANADA'S  BEST FLOUR  Settlers, Prospeclors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mosl suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of ail sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  [ Best Goods-Lowest Prices   Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  ���������. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C  f&_f^-     j.  '%&*  Tiigrh  paid  worl  >S-~    '������������������     P r  ���������'?JCour  -V^This  ^'f-ren  __his->  -J?$pres(  /|    -jrr^ove  *       "..of hi  I Sil  jel J.  trial  treas  1   Th  infor  beinf  ship  The i  stean  blow  days  Th<  tria :  .surna  _������< >  W  m  w  &  Mr;  mat  e>  Wa  relief  is vei  circle  cause  ed to  cabin  re tar;  gover  the U  tion (  politi  Ludei  timor  week  port f  ant i  torne;  Qll���������  Metaj  with 1  diers  JW^Pl^ffl^WfflS^SS^SS^^  2YZT?VZ*Z'&'tn:.*'*vto*al

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