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Bella Coola Courier 1915-05-22

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 '���������>> 1915  j  **  YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  ISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCEL-  INT HUNTING AND FISHING.  j^^gTTnniciiii^l^iuiiuiflfnrr.iiiJiiii^i^iiitiuii^  WEATHER REPORT FOR APRIL.  Compiled  by  Mr. C. H.  Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 57.  Minimum 36.75  Rainfall, 2.43 inches.  ns  IL. 3���������NO. 32  BELLA COOLA, B.C., SATURDAY, MAY 22, 1915.  $1.00 a Year  issians Defending  Przemsyl  |etrograd, May 20.���������Russians  ttinue to hold both banks of  San, south of Jaroslau, ac-  ng to an official statement  led from headquarters gener-  T last night. The bom-  fdment at Przemysl continues  in sector between Przemysl  the Dniester.  Lussians claim to have re-  Ised desperate attacks of the  ^stro-Germans. It is admitted  it the Teutons have consoli-  ied their positions on the right  lk of the San, in the sector  bween Jaroslau and Lezaysko.  President Wilson Waits  Washington, May 20.���������President Wilson awaits a reply from  Germany to the recent American  note before making further representation to Allies on alleged  violations of international law in  their commercial embargo on  enemy.    '  liiet on Western Front  aris, May 20.���������Official com-  nication.   Very bad weather  vails with a very thick mist,  I there  has  been  no action  ing the day on any part of  front.    Germans  last night  empted an attack in forest of  tejPrete, but were immediately  *ehvecked by our fire.  les  , JStill forpedoeing Ships  - ������$$&  =   ;r, ' London,   May  20.���������Admiralty  _ . reports British steamer Dumfries  'i   torpedoed 11:40 o'clock Wednes-  Vt*d|y morning.     All hands were  ^jpyed.    It is reported that the  amer is  still afloat 25 miles  futhwestof Hartland point. The  jumfries left Cardiff on Tuesday  Leghorn.  )-  11  >r  t-  it  ,x.-tffAberdeen, May 20.���������Trawler  ^Eucerne Was sunk by German  "^submarine forty miles off Battery  ������-   %  -   -���������('Head on Wednesday, the crew  -*1 tjwere saved.  ^Narrow Escape  Italy Will Fight  Says Germany  New York, May 20.���������The German Chancellor, Bethmann Holl-  weg, in a speech made in the  Reichstag intimated that all the  efforts of Ambassador Von Bulow  to prevent war with Italy seemingly had failed, and that Italy  was now really* on the verge of  war.  Submarine Operations  Suspended  :.;.. New York; May 21.���������President  Wilson's note to Germany protesting against the needless destruction of lives on the sinking  of the Lusitania was published  in Berlin yesterday. While the  present negotiations are proceeding between the United  States and the warring nations,  Germany has suspended all submarine operations.  Submarine Sunk  for the Kaiser  :ions  jorts  ck  *Wt Geneva' May 20.���������The German  ji^^lmperor and his staff had a nar-  *$?$row   escape   on   Sunday   while  ������1kwatching operations in a village  4^lear the  river  San  in Galicia.  v^������jAccording to a despatch  from  r������J^Pudapest which reached here by  '^an indirect route, a heavy shell  burst about 500 yards away; it  ell among some automobiles destroying several   machines,  including the Emperor's and killing his chaffeur.    The Kaiser had  left his car only 15 minutes before.     As more Russian  shells  were falling in the neighborhood  ?fhe  Kaiser and   his   staff   left  ^/ff,hastily in machines which they  V^f commandeered  Philadelphia, May 20���������Captain  Gibson, commanding the steamship Wico, reports that while  crossing the North Sea he encountered a German submarine.  In a collision between the two,  he believes the submarine suffered damage to the extent of it  being sunk.  Heavy Snowfall in the Northwest  Vancouver, May 20.��������� Winter  has re-appeared in the Northwestern states in the shape of  the heaviest snowstorm ever experienced in the month of May.   _!.-_ : .':. >.:% v. :   Sentenced to Death  S. S. Coquitlam came in a week  ago today. After she had unloaded oil at the cannery she  came across the bay and took  aboard several tons of potatoes  consigned by Mr. B. Brynildsen  to Stewart & Mobely, Prince  Rupert.  S. S. Chelohsin landed a loadf  freight and some passengers at  'the wharf on her weekly arrival  last Sunday at 1 p. m.  Mrs. R. Hill and son, who have  spent the winter with relations  at Point Prim, Prince Edward  Island, arrived on Sunday.  Mr. Reginald Hill, net foreman at the cannery will reside  with his family at Allertson's  house in the town.  We welcome among us again  the itinerant photographer Mr.  F. Norton. Whenever he is in  need of pictures of real scenery  he packs his blankets and starts I  conduct a lunch counter at the  Empire day celebration with the  understanding that Ed. Grant,  Wm. Sutherland and Olaf Fosbak be the "hewers of wood and  'carriers.of water" for the occasion.     ' ���������  Miss Mitchell honored our quiet  burg with her presence on Tuesday last. , She told an interesting  story of a trip made on Saturday  two weeks ago in search of .adventure, and undertaken by three  of the sex called frail, but which  is not, and two knight-errants  armed to the teeth.  The party consisted of the  Misses Mitchell, Hallowes and  ^RuthNordschow; Messrs. Hagan  and Alf ���������O'veson ; the trip was  made to explore the wilds of  Saloomt valley as far as the  mine.   The party made a stop at  PROVINCIAL ELECTION  Your influence and support is respectfully requested.  T. D. PATTULLO.  Liberal candidate for Prince Rupert Riding.  X.  Mm  \ If I  *>  *  Monday the 24th  CONCERT and DANCE  will be held at the  GRAND VIEW HOTEL  commencing 8 p. m.  Admission, Inclusive, 50c Each  Itefrcihrnents Provided  Vancouver, May 20. ��������� Jagat  Singh Sikh, who shot to death  Rattam Singh in a store on Granville street, March 18, was sentenced to death. The jury recommended mercy.  If the jury's recommendation  is not acted upon, the condemned  Hindoo will suffer the extreme  penalty on August 14.  Racing to Cease in Great Britain  London, May 20.���������It has been  decided that after the end of this  week there will be no more races  held in Great Britain until after  the close of the war.  The Executive Committee of  the Bella Coola Liberal Association will hold a meeting at the  home of Mr. B. F. Jacobsen, on  Tuesday, June 1st, at 2 p. m.  Important business to be transacted. All members are requested to attend.  B. Brynildsen, President.  for Bella Coola.     He walked in  from steamer Chelohsin's deck.  Mrs. F. Robinson with children  left on the last steamer. They  will take up their residence in  Wisconsin. "  The 24th of May committee reassembled on the 15th inst. at  the Mackenzie schoolhouse. Mr.  T. P. Saugstad assumed the chair  and I. Fougner the pencil.  Mr. A. C. Christenson reported  that Dr. W. J. Quinlan had been  secured as speaker of the clay.  Mr. Wm. Sutherland as chairman of the sub-committee to assist the W. C. T.'U. in the conduct of a lunch stand, reported  that the ladies had promised to  take an active part.  Mr. W. J. Galienne asked that  some young ladies be induced to  help him in attending the amusement and novelty stands.  A sum not to exceed $12 was  allowed for- the improvement of  the ground for the races. Mr.  V. Clayton expressed his "willingness to harrow the track.  The committee meets again today on the grounds at 10 a. m.  An informal meeting of the  ladies of the town was held at  the Mackenzie schoolhouse last  Saturday afternoon. Mrs. Brynildsen wielded the gavel and  Mrs. Morrison the pencil.  It was decided that they would  Colborne's place for rest and refreshments, after which they  saw the sights of the mine and  its unappreciated wealth. The  attractions of their respective  homes made themselves felt very  strongly at about this time, and  so much so, that the last ten  miles of the homestretch were  made in the record time of three  hours. The bears which infest  this valley in great numbers,  hied themselves into hiding before these amazons and their  knights heaved in sight even, and  only the tracks of the wild beasts  were seen.  Miss Susie Christenson last  Sunday suffered a serious relapse  of rheumatic fever. We are  glad to learn she is improving.  FQRSALE  Tenders will be received for 160  acres, five miles from Bella Coola;  better known as the Henri Ranch.  State price per acre, cash payment, balance in 1, 2, 3. 4 years  at 5 per cent, interest.  Highest, or any tender not  necessarily accepted.���������Address  John Youl, 411 Pender St. West  Vancouver. B. C.  As announced in our last issue  the celebration of Norway's day  of independence came off on  schedule time and according to  the arrangement on the ground  at Mr. Fosbak's pleasant home  on the 16th instant.  The week before had been  cloudy and wet, and the pessimists had dark forebodings that  everything would go wrpng,  as they knew that the large  number of people that would  like to take part could not be accommodated in any home of that  neighborhood. But anything  disappointing or likely to mar the  festive feelings, happily did not  materialize.  The day dawned with a few  scattering clouds indicating that  the dampening influences were  on the retreat and that sunshine  and warmth would be the order  of the day. At noon the clans  began to gather at the premises  of Ole Fosbak, they came in  wagons, on horseback, on bicycles and afoot, of different denominations, ages, etc.', the,youngest  was carried in arms, the oldest  one was over 95 years. They  were all in that excellent spirit  which love for a great principle,  good companions, pleasant surroundings and prospect of a general good time gives.  From the flagstaff fluttered at  the very top the flag of Canada  and immediately below, the flag  of the land which the people had  gathered to honor.  Tablecloths and other cloths  were soon spread on. the grassy  lawns and the viands brought by  the prudent, thoughtful housewives were spread. When everybody had done credit to the cooks  to their full capacity and enough  victuals left to furnish another  meal, the program was announced. It opened by the audience  singing the first verse of the  national hymn of Norway. Then  Mr. 0. H. Hanson led in a prayer  of thanksgiving for the manifold  blessings enjoyed. Another song  and then the speech of the day.  Mr. C. Carlson gave anx6utline  of the history of the cause of freedom in general, from the beginning until the present time, not  forgetting to mention the  greatest war for human liberty  that is now being waged in  Europe, and expressing the conviction that liberty would still  continue to reign and all its  enemies be conquered. Mr.  Fredland spoke of the conditions  under which the independence of  Norway was gained and the  mandate of the Norwegian  people to its representatives to  the constitutional convention.  He was followed by Mr. Lauritson who spoke on general lines,  and here the program closed by  the singing of another song.  The younger people then began  to   play   games   and   the older:  people to gather in groups and  discuss matters of interest.  After refreshing themselves  again at the bountifully supplied  tables, the people separated after having spent a very pleasant  day.'  Mr. O. T. Kellog is installing  a three horse power gasoline  engine in a boat, which will be  engaged in plying weekly between Bella Coola and the head  of South Bentink Arm.  Messrs. Capt. Thorson and R."  Livelton are engaged in building  a tank house for the hospital.  Mr. F. McCrea, timber inspector, paid us a visit'last week.  The people of Bella Coola did  not learn of the great loss of life  on the sinking of the Lusitania  until a week after the catastrophe. A wave of indignation over  the murder of the innocent rolled  through the whole population  the like of which has not been  seen before.  J^adies of Bella Coola  c0alley are most cordially invited to inspect our stock of Ladies'  and Children's SUMMER HATS.  Come and look  them over and try  them on before deciding to buy elsewhere.  We alsotrim and furnish trimming  for hats at reasonable rates.  Mesdames Roland & Jacobsen  ^Milliners  Telegraph communication was-  interrupted for a few days last  week caused by the wires being  down in Chilcotin.  In the absence of postmaster  Sageng of Hagensborg, on a  vacation, the vacancy is being  filled by Hjalmar Schulstad. The  subscribers of this paper in Lower Bella Coola will receive their  papers on the day of publication  in the future.  Born to Mr. and Mrs. E. Gor-  den on the 16th inst. a boy. Both  in voice and size he promises  well; his weight at birth was ten  pounds.  Vincent Clayton and the Heck-  man brothers brought a drove of  25 beef cattle from the Clayton  ranch at Anaham Lake last week.  They will be disposed, of :for  home consumption.  The thoroughbred bull loaned  by the government to ''the local  Farmers' Institute came up on  the Chelohsin, and is now on Mr.  Hammer's place.at Noosatsum.  A belated nursery man is canvassing the farmers in the interest of the B. C. Nursery Co.  We notice with pleasure that  our friend Mr. John Dybhavn  has been elected president of the  Prince Rupert city council.  (Htmrrh Sfaito  Sunday School  Church Service  ������  ������  ������  10:45 a-m.  7 : 30 p. m.  All Are Welcome.  Reo. T. C. Colwell. B. A.. Pastor  <*o-o-������  $  "SA.  A  V  t vl������  3\ 'lit  hi  si  $  ���������  .���������in  ^iiitsi  ilpl  I  ���������>'r"      W,r  BEL LA > COOLA  COURIER  r,v������sa  Tlie Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:    *  . Canada  1  Year : $1.00  6 Month*        0.75  3 Months    0.50  United States  1 Year ; $1.50  United Kingdom  and internal corruption be resisted, and not only resisted,, but  fought with such energy and  single mindedness that,they be'  defeated. These kind of foes  are hammering at the doors of  our land now.    Our leaders are  GILLETTS  CLEANS - DISINFECTS  straining every nerve to bring I else or for no offense at all.    We  1 Year * $1.00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon fas possible.  For Advertising Rates/ Apply at  < Office.  To CoBBESPOndents���������While unobjectionable anonymous commupicationa will be published, the  name and address of every writer of such letters  must be Riven to the editor.  The Editor reserves the right to refuse publication of any letter.' All manuscript at writer's  risk.  Yancouver Office - - 317-323 Cambie St  '3>alit0 jwpitli mtjtrrma rat bx"  SATURDAY, MAY 22, 1915.  Empire Day.  Thou, whose deep ways are in  the sea,  Whose footsteps are not known,  . Tonight a world that turned from  thee :  Is waiting���������at Thy Throne!  The  towering   babels  that we  raised:  'Where scoffing sophists brawl,  ; The little Antichrists we praised���������  The night lis on them all.  into play our resources and our  men, that we may stand in the  time of trial.  We  may  not individually be  able to do much; let us at least  do with our might what we are  asked to do.- Let us at least be  willing to give of our means towards the urgent needs of our  men who are   sacrificing their  fortunes, their health, and their  lives   upon   the   altar   of their  country; and this is done not  only in the defense of the liberties of our own nat'on but also  for the liberties  of the whole  world.  To give causes like these our  strength and devotion are really  that which gives value to our  lives; which makes life worth  living. And the struggle shall  not be in vain. We shall emerge  from this tempest better, stronger, and more competent to play  our part in the uplifting of  humanity.  have heard how, when about to  make an attack on Belgian soldiers, the Germans have placed  Belgian women in front of their  advancing'ranks, so as to weaken  the defense of the enemy by exposing their own people to their  fire.    But we read these stories  with a mental reservation that  it was done by some cruel individual officer and in isolated cases.  But as a flash of lightning reveals  the landscape in the night of a  storm so the sinking of the Lusitania in a flash reveals this barbaric manner of warfare as the  settled policy of the highest in  authority.  It is really inconceivable to us  to see how Germany can expect  to advance herobje'ct by a policy  of this nature.    This course, if  pursued, will so exasperate the  world in general and her enemies voutly. hoped  for   that  in particular,; that .even if no  retaliatory measures be taken  now, yet in the settling up of  affairs after the war is over there,  will no more mercy'be shown to  Germany than she showed France  in 1871.  A  chorus   of   indignation   is  voiced throughout the world by  alFthe vehicles of communication  at command.  ' United States who  lost more than-i.00 of her children  in the massacre finds herself on  the brink of war.    If she was in  a position where she could deal  with   Germany   effectively   by  sending an army or her navy  against her,  it would  be well  nigh impossible for her Government to resist the demand of the  infuriated people to resent the  insult and wanton attack, by declaring war.  We are not mistaken when we  believe that this one act of Germany will send thousands of men  to the recruiting offices which  otherwise would not have enlisted, and also increase the  ferocity of our soldiers when engaged in battle. It is to be de-  all  the  Saturday,  ^ ^      ]���������  For Results Use  ���������"A. P. Standard"  CHICK STARTER  CHICK FOOD  CHICK DEVELOPS  SCRATCH FOOD  SOLD BY LEADING DEALERS  AND BY  ALBERTA  PACIFIC   GRAIN  COMPANY I Tn  VANCOUVER,  B. C. 1D-  "A. P. Standard������-We stand back of every  sack  r-   '%  j. y .*���������  is������0  f*-'.���������*���������-  Gault Brothers Limited  WHOLESALE <DRY GOODS  361 Water Street        Vancouver B C  q  ^^5rofa^rovCr60^^W^cce^//v  maintained wholesale warehouses throughout Canada  q   The Vancouver stock ������ the largest and best assorted  slocfj ojlJheLoasl, in some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES Rcady-to-Wear  D^y^ARES   MEN'S FURNISHINGS  KiBBONS House Furnishings  'CARPETS  LINENS  DRESS GOODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  The fool hath said ... The fool  hath said . . . ,  -  .' \    .   ' ���������TAnd we' who deemed him wise,  We who believed that Thou wast  dead���������j  - How should we seek Thine eyes?  How should 'we seek to Thee for  j������:' - power-'  Who scorned Thee yesterday?  How should' we "kneel, in  this  dread thour.?  Lord, teach us how to pray!  l;i    ���������       ..Grant us the single heart, once  ' -,. ��������� , more,!  That mocks no sacred thing,  The Sword of,Truth our fathers  '. '7      ' ".".      'wore p  When Thou wast Lord and King.  Let darkness unto darkness tell-  Our deep unspoken prayer,  For, while our souls in darkness  dwell,'.  We know that Thou art there  1   '' ���������Alfred Noyes.  Tn the performance of our  every day duties, in our pursuit  of. the things necessary for our  needs and conveniences, we lose  . sight to V great extent of the  duties, we haye in common with  those of our pwn nation.  We lose sight of the m.ighty  deeds, the sacrifices made by bur  predecssors in securing the blessings and the liberties we enjoy/  We are apt to forget that we live  under-   the ���������- most   enljgthened  national government and rule of  any nation'in the world.   It is  not because of indifference that  we are apt to'-f orget these things,  but rather through preoccupation  in other matters which seemingly demand more immediate attention.   It is therefore well that  there is a day set apart every  year for the purpose of bringing  into remembrance the duties we  owe our country, and allow us to  pay our homage to the'illustrious  men and women which have rendered   the  Empire   services in  building it up and defendingand  preserving it.  But while we thus do honor to  our land and her glorious history,  let us also remember that we  must also do our part so that the  work done before shall not be in  vain.     "Eternal vigilance is the  price of liberty;" we must ever  do our share that external foes  The Sinking of Lusitania.  It is seldom, if ever, the civilized world has been so shocked  and horrified as when the wires  flashed the news to the world  that the great steamship Lusitania had been sent to the bottom  without any warning by a German   submarine,  sending  to a  violent and sudden death 1364  lives, who were going about their  peaceful    business - interfering  with no one,  and endangering  no'interest of Germany nor any  one else.    It is only among the  uncivilized   races,. Vhere   unresisting men, women and children  are" massacred in cold blood.  . ft was beyond the conception  of Germany's most bitter enemies to accuse or even believe  her capable of atrocities of such  magnitude.    We have heard of  the cruelties committed by her  armies in" poor unoffending Belgium.    How her soldiers would  kill  defenseless civilians, men,  women, .and  children for small  offenses committed by someone  Empire Day in Bella Coola.  There's a tossing and a tumbling  In the rigs now townward rumbling  And a lot of inward jumbling     '    '  On the 24th of May. '  Yes, we have a celebration  That most surely "licks creation "  To remind.the British nation  That today is Empire Day.  Many people, many races  Try their mettle, try their paces,  And their grim,\determined faces  Show'themjrea'dy for the fray.  By the deep and briny ocean   ���������  What excitement! What commotion!  Till that tiraerl have no notion ,  "Men''can find so much to say. - ���������  See thelaunches, water cleaving' "  Note the slight but potent heaving  As "some" speed they, are achieving  - In their own erratic way!  On to baseball in the clearing,-  Hark to band and sounds of cheering'    -  What's the score?" all round I'm hearing,  ' -'    Gee, but that was dandy play! "  See the many colors flying!  Listen to the babies crying!  Dogs are barking!    Horses shying'  'Tis the "twenty-fourth"���������Hurray!  ���������Winifred Pecknold.  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd  VANCOUVER,  B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  it  Send for Catalogue  MADE    IN    B. C  Prompt Attention Given Letter Ord������  neutral nations will join with  the Allies'in the crushing of this  tiger among humanity.  Admiral Von Tirpitz Resigns.  A despatch from London announces that Grand-Admiral Von  Tirpitz, the man who suggested  and carried out the plan of Germany's submarine warfare, has  resigned as the result of "ak  agreement with other membaj  over thesinking of the Lusitania.  This  probably  indicates tha  the storm of indignation which  this act "raised   has frightened  these men mto doing something  to repair the loss of the respect  of -the neutral  nations  of the  world.  Grates are extra durable.  Goal'grate is duplex. Wood grate is the most modern type.  will take extra large pieces of  wood���������just remove back end  lining. Ask the McClary dealer to show you.  "MADE IN CANADA."  Sold By All General Merchants.  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THELPAOT1CA HUDSON BAy"^^  U  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SERVICE  BETWEEN  WELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  O.S"Chelohsin" Leaves   Vancouver  every  inursday at  11   p. m.     (Vktoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Sundays 4 p. m.  J"S.S. "C0QuiTLAM"and S.S. "Capilano" will s;.il  17vVTCOUVOr evc,'y two weeks, carrying Gasolinr  and Explosives.  ���������is  ^^Z^^ZnSr11^ n,,d ������thc'r "'formation, "PI'lv ������<  agent,   1003 Gov^n^V^; ^cto��������� '' M Ci^Mc(iuKM  i a  ^h)  nor:  i. WxMMvft1' rnpaw  ���������-s ....  V  >k  AP  ��������� 'SaiMay, May< 22,191$  BELLA 'COOLA  COURIER  D.  Temperance.  ^ .;������^^5uJnoble King has set a splen-  !y ^>mxre������ample to all classes of so-  ������ 4\w'S"t# .,      ,   ,. , .  '   "'"detvlfby  voluntarily abolishing  S*        at?   Is  " v  . * linuoWrom the Royal Household.  t, '''BordpCitchener arid others have  ^/iojio.led suit-���������but it fell to the  fe'"*fjio^|Mhe clergy of Great Britain  P^^M*M.k the spell- and to cause  ������7ivthe1topposition tide to set in.  *-?.*"i^B������aH goes to show that ex-  NiiSiainpI|| is better "than precept  ^^w^sMll do more for the cause  I'i" iiP4rPlf*nte0usne^s ^v Practicing it  'reaching it  i1**^  |e you heard that the Pana-  tnal'��������� has gone dry?   This  it means that Col. George W.  Goethals, Governor of the Canal  zone, has ordered that all persons engaged in canal-transportation, captains, pilots, mates,  stokers and all other employees,  shall absolutely abstain from  liquor.  Is it such a hard matter to abstain from the use of liquor that  this cannot be the rule in all  countries? Or ,is it lowering to  a person's dignity to put a curb  on the appetite in order to aid  the weak and otherwise unfortunate in society?  D  D  The Treatment of  Peat Lands.  ���������  a  The physician is the only man  |^HoSi)t imply a lacV of water; 'that does not enjoy good health.  pe  Best Known  and  Popular  Lubricant for  1 Motor Boats  Its use assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or in cylinders  PER1AL OIL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B.C.  A few lines we specially  recommend  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ���������biscuits  Griffe.n & Skelleys  famous gold and   ���������  .... si 1 verbar���������  Canned and dried  fruits  ^LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  SVholesale Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  s&  BrAids  &j  ���������. i  ��������� H&l  i:.G'E?rjuojN,  '||<7.:-Tea^'  tf '���������'���������. '.���������������������������   PACKED      BY ���������  3. WM, BRAID   ft CO.  J| .' .   . TEA     IMPORTERS  ||:���������';:'.   VANCOUVER,    B.C.  Order that pound  of BRAID'S BEST  Tea now. Packed  in handsome 1, 3,  and 5 lb. tins.  to* '  ^ I. W. Peck & Co. Ltd.  Manufacturers of  LOTHING, SHIRTS,  CAPS and OVERALLS  We carry a complete stock of Men's Furnishings  and all the best English  and American   Hals  fJOHN W. PECK & CO., LTD.  MONTREAL       WINNIPEG       VANCOUVER  >  J>  The tea without a  disappointment--  Nabob T  ea  By A. H. Tomlinson,  Horticulturist.  On the various islands and  coast lands of Northern British  Columbia the surface "soil" is  often found to be of a peaty  nature. Below, rock may exist  with a subsoil of mineral; formation as clay, loam, gravel/ etc.  Further north from Bella Coola,  moss or muskeg lands are found  as well as peat. The treatment  outlined here is particularly  suited for peaty soils. Moss  lands need more drainage and  a burn over where possible.  Lime is needed in each case.  Peat is imperfctly decomposed  vegetation  and  is usually  acid  and  sour.    It is not a soil but  contains   chiefly  nitrogenous  material���������vegetable mold ���������and  lacks disintegrated  rock  which  helps to furnish plant food. Thus  peat needs to  be   treated  and  made akin to soil to be productive.     After   the   stumps   and  roots are cleared away the following should be done-  Drainage.   This enables superfluous water to drain away.    It  brings about soil warmth, aeration and  bacterial  action,  thus  the formation  of plant food is  aided.    Various materials  may  be used in the drains or ditches  as logs,   rails,   shakes,   boards,  slabs,   brush,   stones,   clinkers,  gravel, etc.     Any of the first  three may be placed in the ditch  in the form of a culvert, etc.,  with   a   covering   of   brush   or  gravel.'   If  boards or slats are  used these should be placed longways in any length, forming an  extended inverted A.   Over this,  poles with a brush or gravel covering   is   very suitable.     With  drainage work one has to adopt  a system best suited to local conditions.1     Ditches  may  be  dug  2 1-2 to 41-2 feet deep, with side  or  lateral  drains  1 1-2 to 2 1-2  feet.    The width may vary from  1 to two feet.    It is wise to have  the sides of ditches at an angle  rather  than vertical.    The  distance from drain to drain will be  according to the slope, nearness  of  water to  or resting on the  surface.     For  wet land,   main  drains should be about 100 feet  apart,   with   laterals   every   50  feet.    The latter should run  at  an angle. A flow must be allowed  of 6 in. to 100 feet.  Use of Lime. This is a corrective and neutralizes acid tendencies of peaty soil. The best form  of lime to use is calcium oxide or  freshly burnt limestone.    Burnt  shells give the same results and  ������  are to be preferred where it is  possible to'procure them. The  commercial burnt limestone is  known as builders', caustic or  quicklime, and is sold in barrels.  This form of lime should be  water-slaked or slaked and  used on the land immediately. If  not, air-slaked lime reverts  back to its original form before  burning and the caustic action  lost. Water-slaking may be  brought about by placing the  quicklime in small heapsonthc  (Continued on last page.)  SYNOPSIS OF COAL. MINING  REGULATIONS  pOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion/in  ^ Manitoba. Saskatchewan and Alberta.  the Yukon Tekkitoky, the North-westTerri-  tokiks and in a portion of the Province of  British Columbia, may be leased for a terra of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,500 acres will be leaned  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the riffhta applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sec-,  tions, and in unsurveyed territory the tract ap-'  plied for shall be staked out by  the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of ?5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion-Lands.  W. W. CORY,    -   .    .     .  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30690.  BUSINESS CARDS  Geoffrey K. Burnett   D. J. McGugan  C.E., H.C.L.S.. B.A.S.C. B.C.L.S..  ASS. M. CAN. SOC. CE.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geoffrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & Burnett)  CIVIL ENGINEERS and  B.C. LAND  SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B. C.  City address���������New Westminster, B.C.  P. O. Box 886. Telephone 232.  J. A. LeROY PhoneSey.9387 ���������>��������� NATION  JUS  MEETS ALLBOATS AND TRAINS  Hotel Winters  COR. ABBOTT AND WATER STREETS  ^ VANCOUVER, B. C.  EUROPEAN    PLAN    HOT AND COLD WATER  $1.00 TO  S2.50      STEAM  HEATED  ROOMS WITH BATH  30E  Fur Sa!es Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  HOC  OABY CHICKS, DUCKLINGS  & HATCH-  "* ings eggs: poultry and fruits form1 paying  combination. Strawberry plants, 10O. 70 cents:  1,000. SS.00: Currants. 10 cents : Gooseberries, 15  cents: Raspberries, 5 cents; Rhubarb, 10 cents.  Fruit Trees, Perennial Flowers. Roses. Dahlies,  Pansies. etc. Carriage prepaid. Catalogue free.  Chas. Provan, Langley Fort, near Vancouver.  Satisfying in its  delicious  fragrance.  Patronize Homelndustry  Comes in pound and  half-pound lead  packets.  40c - 50c - 60c  Per Pound. j  and Bay RAMS A YS'  Biscuits, Candy, Macaroni  New Orleans Molasses  Manilla Drips  Imperial Maple Syrup  Ramsay Bros. & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, D. C.  HOME DYEING  Is CLEAN, and  s  SIMPLE  as  "A.n.C."  Mistakes are  Impossible,  if you use  Tin- Guarunu-o.l "ONE DYE for ALL KINDS of  (iotnls."   TltY IT. und |>rovo it for yuurKcIf I  Srml fur I'rt'i- tkilor Curil. Story Huuklrt. anil Uuok-  K-t utviiiK results of Dyi'tnK iwrr other c.ilon.  Tlw Johnson.Richardson Co., Limited,   - Montreal  TheMason&RischPiano  of to-day will make plain our  prioilege to state with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  ^������ Let us attend  your Victor Record  jJ mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  IBl3fflMElS^?=ri=3^SpP?S^iS2533E^l  Some people will go to a lot of  trouble merely in looking for it.  i rzzu  %  CZD   [  \^HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  Tjl^HAT person so independent?  ^LIU^HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola   farmers are  independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  'THE-REASONS'for this enviable condi-  ���������*��������� tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  -This fact , was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty firsrprizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  ] 1=]  B  <.���������>  ������ )���������<  K    M  K    U  ���������<H  Highland Liquor Co. I  Sole agents for Arthur Bell & Sons' Famous  Scotch Whiskey, Perth, Scotland.  WINES, LIQUORS and CIGARS  PROMPT ATTENTION TO ORDERS OUR MOTTO  WE   SHIP    PROMPTLY  758 Powell Street, Vancouver, B. C.  0-4HB  m  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. O   Tear out and mail today, v/ith amount of subscription enclosed  <������'!  <2 t.  , i >��������� a *$$m  /  4  BELLA COOLA COURIER  0 11  HOE  ���������  Subscribe  for the  "Couri  ler  ff  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coast between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles.  'fi  It Will be. to your interest to keep well in-  ortned regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the time to 'keep  your, name before the  public. No manufacturer or wholesalehousecan  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  DEAL.ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to.fiock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no" excuse. - Investors  should keep, posted on developments by reading the -' 'Courier.''  Job Printing  You aref judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing. ...We will do it right.  Treatment of Peat Lands���������continued.  land or storing it inside and then  pouring enough water over same  to cause a powder to be formed.  When this takes place spreading  the lime should be done at once.  Other [than the water method,  wet peat may be placed over the  lime. In a" day or so the lime  will have changed to the powder  or slaked form, when spreading  should be done.  Clam shells, etc,, may be roasted and the residue used as the,  foregoing. No water-slaking is  needed.  In burning lime-rock or shells,  alternate layers with wood .may  be placed several feet high, say  8 or 10 feet. A-temporary grate  of stone or iron must be made at  the bottom of the pile.' The whole  may rest against a wall or dug-  .out. A thick covering of peat  to exclude air will do well for  covering the pile.- The grate  opening is the only open space  needed. Combustion should take  place slowly, choosing a quiet  day.  One ton of barrelled lime or  burnt shells 'to the acre may be  reckoned on. Water - slaking  increases the quantity of burnt  rock-lime" to about 1 1-2 tons.  Freshly burnt lime-rock or  shells aids chemical or bacterial  action' at-once. -Plant food is  made available, especially if seaweed, etc., be added. Used alone  it-is very beneficial. -  Old lime or crushed shells are  good for peat land, but the results are slow, taking years if  manure or fertilizer be not used.  However, lirhein any form should  never be discarded.-   In buying,  the barrel lime' (builders' lime)  is the cheapest, comparatively,  because the results are quicker  and surer.'  Woodashes  1.  2.  3.  ' 4.  5.  6.  7.  8.  9.  .10.  11.  12.,  13.  14.  15.  16.  17.  18.  19.  20.  21.  22.  23.  24.  Empire Day Celebration  Program of Sports For Monday and Tuesday,  May 24 and 25  To commence sharp at A.M.  Five miles race  three prizes  Indian pony race (pool, 2-3 to winner, 1-3 to second)  75 yards dash for ladies (open)  Boys race (under 10 years) 25 yards  Pole���������high jump    Girls race (under 15 years) 50 yards  'Girls race (under 8 years) 25 yards  Slow bicycle race (open) 50 yards ..  Ladies sack r.ace, 25 yards  1-4 mile race (boys 10 to 15 years) open  . Thread-the needle race, 25 yards    ..  Obstacle race (open) quarter mile ..  Lunch Interval.��������� Speaker, *Dr.  100 yards" dash  Indian women's race, 50 yards  Hurdle race, ladies, (open)  ..  Hurdle race, men's, (open)  ..  Pie race (blue berry)  two prizes  twp prizes  two prizes  two prizes  two prizes  two prizes  two prizes  two prizes  two prizes  two prizes.  W. J. Quinlan.  three prizes  two prizes  two prizes  two prizes  two prizes  Horse race,       (pool, 2-3 to winner, 1-3 to second)  1.  2.  3.  Half mile race   ,    Married ladies race, 75 yards  Bolster bar (open)         Quarter mile race       ..        ..  Tug-o'-war (Indians vs. whites)    ..  Spoon canoe race (Indians vs. whites)  -    ���������     SECOND DAY.  Shooting contest, (pool, 2-3 to winner, 1-3 to sec.)  Base ball      ..                 ..    pennant  Sail-boat race  (pool, 2-3 to winner, 1-3 to second)  .    GOD  SAVE THE KING.  two prizes  two prizes  two prizes  two prizes  1 box cigars  two prizes  .9:00  9:15  9:40  9:50  10:00  10:30  10:40  10:50  11:15  11:30  11:50  11:50  P. M.  1:30  1:40  1:55  2:10  2:20  2:35  -3:45  3:55  4:00  4:35  4:45  5:20  8 a.m.  1 p.m.  3   "  -These should be  made the bestuse of and are of the  most yalue' right after-burning.  Woodashes supply potash, lime,  etc., which are needed to make  peat land most productive.  fcUILD UP" YOUR HOME  TOWN. ; Do not talk���������support home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you arie in "earnest is to  practise it.  ��������� Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and.your community.  "Coalashes. Where these can  be procured, e..g., from canneries, etc., such may be made use  of. Various minerals are supplied which are useful to make  plant food. The soil too, is made  more open and friable.  Sand, gravel, and crushed rock.  These contain elements which  help to create available plant  food on mixing with the peat.  Barnyard manure. Naturally  this is one of the best products  for the land. All the necessary  plant food being present.. Chemical and bacterial action is helped  largely.  Fertilizers. Such are very  useful"but expensive. For quick  results, if no lime, woodashes,  seaweed, etc., Be used, fertilizer  is necessary. The quantity, to "use  for an acre is 200 pounds of either  complete fertilizer or Nitrate of  Soda."  Seaweed and fish offal. These  ���������contain potash, phosphates, nitrates, etc., and where such can  be procured their value is immense. If lime or woodashes be  also used a fertile soil will quickly be made.  In addition to drainage, the  use of lime, ashes, flsh offal, seaweed, sand, etc., the most necessary thing is to "work" the land,  i. e. good cultivation methods are  necessary to bring about the best  soil fertility.  The Suspense Ended.  The Government at Ottawa has  definitely decided that no election will be held in June or until  the end of the war is iri sight.  Let the spirit of patriotism,  fellowship and solidarity prevail,  and let the Government in the  same spirit perform its duties  and expend the monies appropriated honestly and to the best  advantage of the country.  rTHE two principal reasons  *   why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BACON  HAMS  LARD  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisioners.  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  Burks;  $lia Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C  HHhat house \worit  ===* need Painting  Again for another  five years,  >  been  Ogilvie's  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  Saturday.  AUt ^ . ������SM  ^-���������--���������iJr 'fell  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN  ELBrynildseo  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  tf* i  mm  &1  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARES   : . 1��������� ���������  i^  CAMP, HEATING  AND COOK STOVESS  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  m  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest pos  sible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    S  Wit**  Sff.Lc  ���������i  '"oflfiei  nu  s&p'?rt  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  0  u������  Because it's just been repainted with  Bapco Pure Paint  the purest, most permanent  and economical! paint on the  market.  To be'obtained  at all  General Stores.  ������  Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters, trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mo������ suitable articles are kept at prices thai  invite cornftetition.  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, Rt  '���������.'Vi.  . "-"Wfr  "  " 'shif  1 fthei  n~ i.  i Mr;  fiUr-f  J?c  K4TOU  'ly i  /Wer  Yhii  ted  any  ^A'AVrJa^fi^  . ?U./^*> I'C' U >WW.'j*.p  * 'rV'_ ������������������* 'iH-KW^JKiniwt^WK^M iyi������>������M 4 ������<+k*^ ������Mii f.'-jj/jwwm mummtn/tvmujt^^fr' f wh^ym  aai-Wi  U������4 m;>. ������ U^.iuUU^U'i > v*t .'> 4^11^4.,  v4U^;*c,*:Wju  i


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