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Bella Coola Courier Jun 16, 1917

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 n  tvk  l  IFvYOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCELLENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR MAY  Compiled  by Mr. C. H. Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperalute: Maximum, 02.   Minimum. 38.  Highest Max. (30th)70. Lowest Min. i4th) 27  Rainfall, 1.54.  Rainfall for the year (1916) 40.S9 inches.  VOL. 5���������NO. 26  BELLA COOLA, B C, SATURDAY, JUNE 16, 1917.  $1.00 a Year  War News for the Week  Saturday: London.���������British continue their aerial operations  over Belgium ami have put three German aeroplanes out of action  near Dixrmule. Number of prisoners taken since the new British  drive in Belgium began yesterday, reach more than six thousand.  No estimate of guns captured yet known, but several German bat-  terier taken intact. Prisoners say scores of German guns destroyed during British bombardment. German losses in counterattack  were terrible. Full depth of the attack was five hundred yards.  Three counter attacks by Germans delivered in great force were  broken up last night, Berlin admits retreat. Vast number of  troops being rushed forward by Hindenburpr in effort to stem British advance which swept over heights dominating Lille plain and  threatens to swoop Teutons from great industrial section of northern France.    M:ijor-general Pershing and stall' arrive.  Udine.���������Austria has made formidable concentration of forces on  Italian front by withdrawing troops from Russian front. Italians  now confronted by estimated two thirds of entire Austrian army.  Monday: London.���������Manner in which our aviators dominated  in the air during battle of Messines ridge last Thursday when they  smothered German aviators for time being one of the most thrilling and remarkable stories of the entire war. Hundreds of British planes well behind German lines when battle broke into fury  at dawn. German army, under Crown Prince Ruprecht of Bavaria, apparently has not recovered from the blow made against their  Jines south of Ypres"as they are not making any serious attempt  "to recapture important positions,,lost in Thursday's great battle.  German prisoners now number more than seven thousand. Canadians made raid last night south of Lens and took one hundred  and fifty prisoners.  Copenhagen. Death notices in German papers indicate terrible  toll in western battle to have taken place among German aviators.  Submarine losses not allowed to be mentioned. Bulgars need  money appealing to Germany. '  - -Petrogradr���������Tn Carpathians, northwest of Rafalovka, Russian  scouting parties surmounted wire entanglements and attacked  Austriaijs driving them, from their trenches. Demand for condign  punishment of Ciiar growing throughout Russia.   Crews of battle-  1 ships adopt resolution requiring imprisonment of deposed emperor  at Kronsiadt.   Threaten to apply force.if demand is refused.  Tuesday: , London.���������Britain sent Russia a note in.reply to lat-  ter's request for a statement on British war aims. Note not yet  made public, but it is believed to be in general agreement with  ��������� President Wilson's note to Russia. American sailing vessel Man-  gus Manson, 1751 tons,_ sumbarined. Norwegian steamer John  Bakk'e, 1611 tons,,.witha cargo of wheat for Belgium was sunk by  German submarine, also the Norwegian ships Hatfursford and  Sangvand, 1668 tons, submarined.  Wednesday: Havre.���������Five hundred Belgians, interned in Germany, have died of starvation within the past three months.  Berlin.���������After advance by British cavalry at Messines' this afternoon to the attack, only 'remnants of them returned. South of  Messines attacking infantry repulsed by our counter attack.  . Cadiz, Spain.���������Spanish torpedo boat this mornirg discovered  German submarine, U53, disabled by a shot which had struck her  engines, the submarine will be interned.  Christiania.- Revolution was just in time to prevent separate  peace plan by Czar's government. Socialist leader issues warning  against any attempt to hinder defeat of Germany, they must be  forced to give up the Berlin to Bagdad dream.  Washidgton.���������American steamer Petrolite submarined yesterday, no details given.  Italy Resumes Offenvive  Rome, June 12.��������� Italians resumed the offensive in their attempt to capture Trieste,'taking  Monte Ortigara, east of Cima  Undice, Agello pass, after desperate fighting.  Premier Introduces  Conscription Bill  Ottawa, June 12.���������Terms of  Conscription Act made public.  Compulsory service measure to  introduced in the_ House by the  premier. Ten distinct classes  set out from which drafts will be  made. First class is drawn on  men born" since 1894. Two parties to sit as a board in each locality, one to be chosen by the senior county court judge and the  other by parliament.' Appeal  tribunal is to be established.  American Officers  Arrive in France  Paris, June 12.���������Active artil-  ery fighting last night north of  the Somme. German, raid west  of Cerny repulsed. First contingent of Amei'ican officers, mem-  ber^f^General Pershing's staft>  arrived this morning. * Officers  came to prepare for the American  forces whenthey arrive.  Prohibition Is Surely  Coming for U. S.  Washington, June 12.���������State  secrets have Been divulged. A  traitor or spy has given out confidential naval information says  Secretary. Daniels. Prohibition  is surely coming. ��������� Congress and  Senate take steps to curtail the  manufacture of all alcoholic  spirits.  No More Party Politics  London, June 12.���������The day of  party politics has passed. New  phase in the Canadian political  situation, declares Times Gazette,  is a direct result of the Imperial  conference. The paper also says  that the Liberal leader's resignation is not, however, a solution  of the problem. It also states  that Dr. Clark-may succeed Sir  Wilfrid Laurier.  Reported Russians  Resume Offensive  Lopdon, June 13.���������North of  Neuve Chapelle, east Armenti-  eres and north of Ypres, hostile  raiders repulsed, number of enemy killed and captured. Lieut.  BelMrving distinguished himself. Drifter patrol, commanded  by the well known Vancouver  officer, attacked and wrecked two  German seaplanes off coast of  Dover.  ' As the result of continuous  heavy rains, many farmers are  plowing up their corn which has  rotted.'  * From enemy sources comes  conviction that the Russian-long-  waited activity on the eastern  front has begun, both German  and Austrian newspapers predicting Russian offensive.. London' attaching considerable importance to these reports, especially in view of the fact that the  report enimated from the enemy.  Allies not likely to announce the  start of Russian offensive until  well,on its way.  Artillery Fighting  "^ Paris, June 13.^Violent artillery ^engagements in regipn of  California plateau, on Aisne  front and in Champagne.  Revenue receipts and national  defense-bonds steadily increasing in France." Hundred billiqn  francs so far voted in the war.  New series of measures expected  to bring in billion francs.  First American ship of the new  type arrived, unloading big cargo of flour and medical supplies.  Rome, June 13.���������Italians begun offensive in region southeast of Trentirio, capturing two  important points from Austrians.  The enemy's heavy batteries in  the upper valleys of Astico and  Assa< were bombarded by our  air'squadrons.  This is one of the most remarkable pictures that has yet come ouc of the "submarine zone." It  was taken from one of the torpedoed ship's boats as it was pulling away from the sinking ship, and  shows men escaping from the doomed vessel. One man can be seen sliding down a rope over the  ship*s rudder, another has just jumped, throwing up the spray which can be seen.  King of Greece Abdicates  Athens, June 13.���������King Con-  stantine of Greece abdicated to-  <fay. King took the step-following the landing yesterday of Allied troops in Greece and the assumption by French government  of food administration in Greece.  King Constantine abdicated in  favor of Prince Alexander.  None to Be Exempt  Ottawa, June 13���������All returned  officers and men w^o have not  seen service at the front are not  exempt, but will come under the  conscription law. Liberals hold  caucus to discuss the terms of  cohscription measure,'party not  united, a number of Ontaria and  western. members support the  bill Premier tells why conscription bill enacted; casualties ex-  ce^4$niiatm.erits and Canada was  defiiiitel^ pledged, to place half-  million men in the field. Compulsion '��������� absolutely necessary if  Dominion is to do her part, pleads  for debate on measure to be fair  and in moderation.  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  BELLA COOLA AND DISTRICT RE_D  CROSS AND PATRIOTIC FUNDS" "  STATEMENT FOR MAY.  Red Cross Fund  Collected by Miss L.  Schuls'tad the sum of  .,  Collected by Misses  Livelton and Peterson  (April and May)   ......       7.00  13.25  recipient of the present is Mrs.  Edward'Sande and was sent to  her by friends. ���������  TheS. S. Thomas Crosby with  the inspector of fisheries, J. T.  Williams, aboard visited Bella  Coola the first part of the week,  this being the inspector's first  call here this year.   He had been  Collected by Mr., C. |furfcher south to Port Hard>' ard  Tucker the sum of      23.50 was on his way north again, also  Collected at Cannery .       5.00 calling at Kimsquit.en route to  , '   Total $   48.75 PQ1't Essington.     Mr. Williams  informed the Courier that fishirg  in the northern waters was so  i.  far very little, in fact the num-  Patriotic Fund  Collected by Mr. C. ���������  Tucker the sum of,.      9.50 ber of boats engaged in the in  .   Collected by Rev. H. -   ������������������  Sageng the sum of -__-__4.p0  Total  $13.50  dustry is considerably less th^n  last year, fishermen, who in for-  mersoasons made money trolling"  are hardly making expenses.1  . The Fisheries Department has  chartered the mission ship, Thos.-  Crosby, for the season and 'the  veteran navigator, Capt. Oliver,  is in command.  -The' steam tug Bute arrived  from Victoria with a scow load,  240,000 feet, of lumber for the  Talio fishing plant. ' The trip op  was made in .seven days. Work  is now going on at the new can-  nery'with unabated vigor, double I  shifts have started and most of^Kimsquitand staying at lhe hes-  the flooring of-'the cannery and P,LaI- ^ ^e act of moving a  wharf is completed, .while this fishing boat at the Draney Fish-  has been going on'a number of e"es ca������"^" it slipped a'ifd  carpenters have been getting the caught one of his hands, thereby  frame work  ready,  in  another partly crushing one of his fingers  Mr. A. E. Douglas is over from  week sections of the main building will be up.  The catch of spring salmon at  .the Bella Coola cannery has been  above the average during the past  week. The weather was a little  better, though very cold for this  season of the year, and this has  without a doubt had some effect  on the run of spring salmon. It  is also expected that the sock-eye  fish will be late for this same  reason.     _^ ���������_ , ;  The British Columbia Salmon  Canners Association are wholly  in favor of universal conscription  for Canada. They point out in a  resolution that they recently forwarded to Sir Robert Borden that  they favor conscription being put  to force as soon as possible.  They also point out that they  have contributed to the war fund  n extra taxation last year $40,-  000 levied on the pack of salmon.  Many of the salmon canners  have sent sons to the defense of  the empire, several of whom  have paid the supreme sacrifice.  It may not 'be out of the'way to  mention in this connection that  Capt. Donald Moore of the Dra-  ney Fisheries of Namu, has given  his life in the fight for liberty/  He is doing well and will be able  to return in a week or so.  Mr. M. Hammer, who has been  on the sick list for .some time, is  spending a few days in town.  . LastCamosun brought up fro hi'  Vancouver a dog, which to the  ordinary observer looked like a  common, ordinary yellow one.  However, as his birthplace was  Hong Kong.and haying crossed  the Pacific on the last voyage of  the R.M.S.S. Empress of Russia  to Vancouver from the. Orient,  gives him a little noteriety.  The  ���������G  High lead or spar line is the  mode by .which logs are brought  in at the several logging camps  operated by the Pacific Mills.  Camp Eleven, on the South Ben-  tick, was visited by the Courier  this week to get an insight in the  latest mode of logging. In many  respects the many improvements  and inventions for the more economic putting in of logs is as-.  tonishing, the very fact of picking up the logs, in many instances  three or four at a time or the  whole tree for that matter, and  have them travel over a line in  the air to the shoot is marvellous.  Not only does it do away with  building expensive roads but logs  are taken over deep gulches in  this way where it would be impossible otherwise to get them  out, ;'.--.    '���������' ���������.���������  ���������'.��������� ��������� . ':.' ' [      '.���������':���������'���������������������������  ',' Trolling for spring salmon in  the North Bentick is a new departure and i.0 Miss Mina Stn'de  belongs the credit. The largest  fish she has caught so far is sixteen pounds, it is some sport to  land one of these;.' ;.������������������'.  e       <   ���������      ������������������"��������� ������������������*)'  ���������(Ehtirrlj Notice'.'":-9  Sunday School    -    10:45 a.m.  Church'Service   '-.��������� 7:30 p.m.  I/'--"    ./J:    - ���������'='."���������-  7       Preacher for Sunday���������Rev.  fc. ,    W. H. Gibson.  A All Are Welcome.  & BELLA COOLA  COURIER  Th(  Courier  Published Weekly at Bklla. Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1  Year  $1-00  6 Month*   0.75  3 Months '���������'    0.50  United States  1  Year $1.50  United Kingdom  1 Year $1-00   ,f  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising Rates, Apply at  Office.  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be iJUblished. the  nam* and address of every writer of sucli letters  mUHt be iciven to the editor.  The Editor reserves the riitht to refine publi-  cntiuti of any letter. All manuscript at writer a  risk.  *S������alitfl pnpuli mqirema rat lex."  SATURDAY, JUNE 16, 1917.  Conscript All.  The Courier has been asked  where it stood on conscription.  We can only repeat what we have  said before, that conscription  should have been enforced over  two years ago, and not only conscription of man power, but of  wealth and natural resources.  Conscription, to many, sounds  .like'Prussianizm, and as we un-  derstand, it is to defeat conscription chat we are to fight to a  finish. It seems paradoxical, no  doubt, that we should have compulsion to defeat compulsion,  and yet it seems the only way.  Conscription would not sound  so ugly to the many if it was to  be enforced without favor," if-  the wealth of the counti'y and  ��������� the uamassed wealth, as well as  its owners, are put into the common pot.  o     o    o     o    o  The Sensible Way.  Seeing that it is war time and  every nickel saved is as good as  a shy at the Kaiser, the Conservative party of Vancouver are to  be congratulated in allowing the  Hon. J. W. deB. Farris, attorney  general and minister of labor, to  be returned unopposed. Perhaps the war is imbuding in our.  Conservative friends the spirit  of conserving public money, they  may not be so reckless if they  ever return to the treasury benches.  Sir Wilfrid's Attitude.  Although- Sir Wilfrid Laurier  has not seen fit to join the coalition government he has given,  during the three years of war,  unwavering support to the government in its prosecution of war  measures.  Will Sir Wilfrid's decision entail a change in the leadership of  the Liberal party remains to be  seen. It is reported that at a  meeting of Liberals at Toronto  poignant grief was expressed at  the attitude of Sir Wilfrid. The  meeting endorsed the govern-'  mant's attitude on conscription.  Dr. Clark was suggested as a possible Liberal leader.      ���������  Why a Royal Commission?  It is fairly'safe���������to'vsay that the  political, care'erv of Hon. Robert  Rogers, minister of public works,  is at an end. A royal commission, has been appointed to investigate Justice Gait's findings  against the public works minister, in the meantime the premier  has temporarily taken over the  office pending the probe. It is  evident Mr. Rogers thinks there  is an unlimited supply of whitewash in Canada as he declares  that the investigation will exonerate hirn from all blame.  o    o     o    o     o  ,The absolute unfitness of China  for our democratic form of government is'strikingly revealed by  the dismissal of a cabinet minister for graft, and the prompt issuance of an order for his arrest.  0      o      O     o      ������  Rare Canadiana was destroyed  when the books of the Kelly firm  of Winnipeg were burned by a  cautious member of the Rogers  combination.  o    o     o    o    o  Can They Be Excused?  In days of yore the men who  made wars led their armies into  the field and suffered the hardships of warfare. ��������� True, Canada,  did not start this war therefore  our governmental heads may be  excused from leading the vanguard, but can they be'excused  protecting profiteers? , And yet  that is what they are doing and  have done.      The government  t>  would have shown a truer spirit  of patriotism if they had put  their house in order before venturing on conscription., They  knew months  and months ago  0  that, if the war kept on, conscription was the logical outcome and  to pave the way they should have  first confiscated^ the wealth of  the profiteers.   As 'yet no real  attempt has been made to stop  the grafting which has been going on ever since the, war commenced.      The government to  show a true spirit before expect-  the common rank to follow to the  death, should charge all grafters  with treason and summarily execute the guilty, not just relieve  them of an empty title or so.  Those  patriots.  (?)   who   have  done their "little bit" for us in  our hour of need by doing daring  rake-offs  in   capturing  horses,  automobiles, motor trucks, sub-  marineSj etc., etc., for our use,  have not met with the encouragement at the hands of the Borden  government as was their due.  All the same we are in favor  of conscription, but let it be conscription.  ���������  THE STIMULI OF HUNGER.  Will Bethmann-Hollweg's liberalism be enough to ward off a  revolution in Germany? Perhaps. In Russia, the revolution  has been bellicose; in Germany  it could only be pacifist. . . But  they are alike in that both begin  with hunger. It is this which  gives weight to the attacks on  food ministers; and those who  are blamed today may be hung  tomorrow. The difficult time/or  Germany will be when defeat  prevents the government playing their present game, and again  when after the peace the people  find,themselves still hungry.- If  one may attempt to foresee things  a little, it looks as if the change  in Germany will come more from  a struggle between classes than  from a revolt aginst the reigning dynasty.���������-Swiss de Geneve.  The minister of public works  appears to have been a strong  advocate of the conscription of  wealth when he was commander-'  in-chief of the campaign forces  in the west.  Patronizing Scientific Research.  Occasionally -from the pen of  some journalistic patron of science there appears a short account of a new discovery.   Radium was a wonderful affair. What  might it not do in the way of  supply energy gratuitously!   ''  ,   Hertz waves   were-"superb:  possibly the   forerunners, of a  procees by means of which one  could transmit not only racing  news across the seas, but also  death to one's enemies when one  was attacked by a brutal foe.  The public, charmed by tlie information, has clapped its hands  and realized the existence of a  very- useful' body  of men who  give them from time to time new  methods of speeding up. life and  supplementing the deficient powers of amusing themselves provided by a wise but somewhat  mediaeval Creator.��������� Cambridge  Magazine.  " Overlooked.  ' Conscription or no conscription  is the burning question throughout Canada, and may have been  settled before this is printed.  Even the Senate at Ottawa has  given some thought to the question, and in the opinion of this  august body any law of conscription voted by parliament cannot  be enforced without being ratified by the Canadian people in a  general election. There you are,'  the majority of us have overlooked this point.  O      O       O      0      o  The high cost of living is felt  practically by every nation on  account of the world war. Of  the Scandinavian countries perhaps Norway is the greatesLsuf^  ferer, as under ordinary conditions she must rely on the importation of food stuffs. True her  supply of fish food is great, but  since the latter partof 1914 England has taken all the fish possible, now in many sections of  the country there is even a shortage of this food supply. If this  war should last another year  many of the smaller European  countries will be in abolute need  of food. '     N  O     O      O     Ol    f>  Misjudged.  SirSam Hughes told a meeting  in Toronto that he foresaw the  coming conflict as early as 1913,  and that is why he took a party  of Canadian militia officers in  that year over what is now the  scene "of  operations. - He said  Saturday, June 16,  19)7  Mackay Smith, Biair & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  Wholesale  GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  "PRIDE OF THE WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  DRY  OF  Send for Catalogue  "MADE   IN    B. C."  Prompt Attention Given Letter Orders  further that while in Europe at  that time he took part in a conference attended by Russian,  French and British officers, at  WhTeif plans for the pending war  were discussed. This conference  occurred quite a while before the  are told  was the cause of the  war.  The ex-minister of militia has  been sadly maligned by his critics.  We have been told over and over  again that Sir Sam's jaunt in  1913 was in the nature of a re-  invasion of Belgium, which we ward to a few of the faithful.  -HERE ARE SCIENTIFIC  FOOD FACTS  At Normal Prices��������� .  Ten cents worth of wheat flour contains 5440 units of-energy.  Ten cents worth of beef contains 410 units of energy.  Ten cents worth of eggs contains 385 units of energy.  Ten cents worth of fresh fish contains 245 units of energy.  A pound of meat costing 25 cents contains LESS energy  than a pound of flour costing,4 to 6 cents.  And when the flour is  the difference is still more in its favor because of its extra  strength���������produces more loaves to the sack.  Here's the "high cost of living" problem solved.  Think it over���������then ask your dealer  for Royal Standard.  1"~  NEWTON  We are engaged in a relentless  fight for our existence and "for  success of German labor and culture against the capitalism of the  world which is under Anglo:  Saxon leadeaship.���������Admiral V6*n  I Tirpitz.  The   Prince  man, who is a  Rupert " Empire  candidate for the  House of Commons for this Riding.  " While others stand for what  will benefit their party, he stands  for what will benefit these districts.  .BBS'S1  th<  it  Look for  CIRCLE  Trade Mark  ON   EVERY   SACK  V":  -���������and besides all that  GREAT   WEST  TFA  cost's you no more than some teas  not so good.  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  King Charles has decreed the ancient city of Trieste to have freedom.   It will now rank with  other old,cities such as Hamburg, but it may not enjoy its freedom long as,the  Italians expect to be in 'possession in a few weeks.  30E  30E  ^  UNION STEMSHIP ^Of^-tito:  regular freight; and passenger service  ���������;���������: ;-;:.'���������: between,V /.:-  BELLA GOOLA and VANCOUVER  Si S.     C&mOSUH     Leaves Vancouver every  Tuesday at 11 p.m.      (Victoria, day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Fridays a.m.  S, S.; "CoquitLam'/ sails from Vancouver fortnightly, carrying Gasoline and Explosives,, will call  at Bella Coola by arrangement.,  For rates,of Freights, Fares,and other information, apply to  Head Office, Carrall St., Vancouver; or Geo: McGregor,  agent/ 1003 Government St., Victoria.  30E  D������C  HOE  &���������  tise yoiir.Wants in the Courier  :.-'/!i^-:v* '!^'  ^",'ilwl������������Sj f  (  Saturday, June 16,  1917  6ELLA1 COOLAVCOURIER  mst^ Good Photographs  for reproduction of any of our TREES, etc., growing in the  Province, we offer the following prizes for good prints, any  size, all prints to become our property whether winners or not.  Prints to reach us at any time before October 1st, 1917, but  priority of receipt will count in competitors' favor, and we are  open to receive pictures right.away. No limit to number of  pj-ints each competitor can send.  Fircf Pfi^A $*������ flft worth of our best grade of nursery  kiibl iiiac <?o.vv stock, customer's selection, for spring  1918 delivery, delivered free at your nearest station. Also two  prizes of $2.50 each in trees, etc. Name and address of sender  (to be written lightly on back of prints.   ,  Those who will be in the market for Trees, etc., for Spring 1918 should  write us NOW. This is very important. Our General and Rose Catalogs  and Price List are at your service. Orders placed in the Summer get the  best attention and the customer is sure to, get just what he orders.,  We can always find room for a good salesman to work in practically  any part of the province.  The British Columbia Nurseries Co., Ltd.  1493 SEVENTH AVENUE WEST       .   -      VANCOUVER, B. C.  Our National Wealth.  We have live great sources of  national wealth. The farm, forest, fisheries, mines and manu-  ��������� facturing industries, on the income of which we keep our national house. It will be obvious  that the interest and needs of  these various producing branches  are not identical. They conflict  in some instances very strongly.  The farmer for instance has to  pay higher prices for his articles  of necessity and comfort by reason of custom duties imposed  thereon, whereas the prices for  his produce are .largely determined in the markets of t the  world. The miner, too, could  buy most of his supplies and  machinery cheaper if they were  free from duty. The fishermen,  who are chiefly Jocated in the  provinces forming the extreme  boundaries of the Dominion, are  unable to supply the markets in  our principal centres of population by reason of the great distance separating them therefrom  and are consequently obliged to  export the bulk of their catch to  foreign markets easier to reach,  but where they have to encounter stiff competition., The lumberman also is affected by the  tariff on his commodities^ Manufacturing industries are an immense benefit to the country, but  not more so than the agricultural industries. Indeed, if we  take the population engaged and  the capital invested in farming  and ranching, the agricultural  interests bulk greater in the.  national wealth. Everybody recognizes that manufacturing in  stitutions are necessary to build  up a great nation and acknowledges that it would be undesirable  to devote our attention purely to  pastoral, pursuits. Most people  admit, too, that, a certain measure of State assistance to manufacturing is necessary. The  question is largely one of degree.  The Liberal tariff of ]897was  the first serious attempt made in  Canada towards equality of treatment and reconciliation of con-  flicting interests. No class or  interest was singled out for undue favoritism. The needs of all  were considered. Herein lies the  difference between the Conservative and Liberal attitudes on  tho. tariff.1 The formula of the  Conservatives for tariff making  always has been the simple one  of giving protection to the manufacturer without reference to the  rest of the community. The Lib-  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  ",       REGULATIONS  fOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  ** ��������� Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon TeftitiToity, the North-west Terri-  i Tories and iii a' portion of the Province of  British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at on annual rental of $1 an  acre. _ Not more than 2.5GQ acres will be leased  to one applicant. >  'Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent  of the district in "Which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be ataked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating: the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns acco'oitinir for the  full Quantity of merchantable coul mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining- riirhts  are not beinir operated, such rcLurns should be  furnished at leant once a year.  The lense will include the coul mining- rights  only, but thu lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available sui face rights muy be  considered necessary fur the working of the mine  at the rate of J10.00 an acre.  i'or full Information application should be  made to thu Secretary of the Department of, the  ' Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands. ' '  W. w. cony.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. H.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30CSO.  Sunday Outiundayed.  A preacher is reported to have  erals on the other hand believe described the bad place in this  in being fair all round and in dis- graphic fashion:  tributingthe burdens of taxation  as much as possible,  - The Czar has  potato business.  gone into the  FARM LANDS  PACIFIC MILK  Prepared from pure, healthy,  fresh, cows milk.     Nothing .  is added, only water is taken  *��������� away.  i '  'YOU'LL LIKE PACIFIC"  FOOD PRODUCTS CO., LTD., Manufacturers  Office: 322 DRAKE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Oregon .& California Railroad Co.  Grant Lands.���������Title to same revested in United States by Act of Con-  - gress dated June 9, 1916. Two million three hundred thousand acres to be  opened for homesteads and sale. Timber and agricultural lands. Containing some of the best land left in the  United States. Now is the opportune  time. . Large map showing lands by  sections and description of soil, climate, rainfall, elevations, etc. Postal paid One Dollar.  Grant  Lands  Locating  Co., Box  610,  Portland, Oregon.  Comfort and luxury assured at a  minimum cost.   'Many Prince Ru-  . pert testimonials prove its worth  Have You Got $20?  If not your credit is good  ,'Harry Hanson   ' ;  Special Water Heater  (Patented in Canada)   y  ,'Triends," he said, "you've  seen molten metal running out  of a furnace, haven't you? It  comes out white hot, sizzling and  hissing. Well, they use that stuff  for ice cream in Hades."  BUSINESS CARDS  Watch Repairs  ���������' Send your watch to us for guaranteed repairs at lowest prices.  " A price given before proceeding with work. If not satisfactory, watch will be returned free  of expense.  I      O. B. ALLAN  Diamond, Merchant���������Optician  Granville and Pender, Vancouver, B.C.  m \������  non  ear the "Dayfoot"  Solid Leather  MADE FOR B. G WEATHER  G. B. DAYFOOT and Co'y  Georgetown, Ont. . and  303 Mercantile Building  Vancouver, B. C.  REALLY EXQUISITE  Installed in your kitchen range  will give you all the hot water  you can use within thirty minutes  after fire is started. 121 now in  use in Prince Rupert and every  user a booster. You don't k'now  hot water comforts till you have  seen these results. $20.00 is the  Cost. Absolutely no charge unless satisfactory.  A bath supply withfn twenty minutes  after fire It started and then a new supply every twenty minutes thereafter.  Wall radiators can also be run from  your hot water boiler and other rooms  healed v>ith no extra cost for fuel.  The Result Will Surprise You  Investigate! -  Harry Hanson ThPe,uR^?,e  P. O. Box 395  139 2nd Ave., Prince Rupert, B.C.  QKBBB>04BB������O4BaV4>4B9BMH  a  \  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  , Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales'Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bit} on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale*  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY,LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.   :   C=  30I  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  COAST���������BAKTQE  XIX.  that   Earl  Neece,   of  'Delicious coffee cannot be  made from an indifferent  brand. Use 3\Cabob Coffee  and tlie success ofyourbeo-  erage is assured.  Kelly, Douglas & Co.Ltd.  VANCOUVER,  B. C.  To make a big catch-  first get your tackle!  IOME call it  "Luck"-and  some "Exper-  lencer  But one point all  good fishermen agree  on is that our store  is Fishermen's Head'  quarters.  For minnows or  sharks���������we can fit you  out.  Ours is a dandy line  ���������and it, will interest  you.  DISTRICT  OP  1   .Take  Notice  Alexis Creek. B.C., occupation farmer,  intends to apply for permission to lease  the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted about  one mile distant and in a westerly direction from Mile Post ,42, 124th Meridian,  thence north twenty -chains, thence  west twenty chains, thence south twenty  chains, thence east twenty chains to  point of commencement.  EARL NEECE.  Dated, March 17, 1917.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  WHINGTOH-  W  e.  Sportsmen's  .Headquarters  And how  about shooting?  carry the renowned i Remington  UM!G line of Arms and  Ammunition.: A full  fresh stock at all times.  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO.  DISTRICT  OF  COAST���������BAMOB  XXI.  Take Notice that Earl Neece, of  Alexis Creek, B.C., occupation farmer,  intends to apply for permission to  lease the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted about  two miles distant and in a westerly  direction from the 43rd Mile Post, 124th  meridian thence south twenty chains,  thence west twenty chains, thence  north twenty chains, thence east twenty  chains to point of commencement.  EARL NEECE.  Dated, March 17, 1917.  J'ne 2-July 28.  Thejyjason &r\ischPiano  -.   of to-day will make plain our  privilege to state with authority:  "NO FINER  PIANO MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  to  n  i  fLet us attend your Victor Record  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.       Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  ~^\' -"--~-^.~���������~~-,������������j������������^-r;--  ] cm fD  fj^ir  m  ^JLTHAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  IS/HAT person so independent?  1X7HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola  farmers are independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  czd  "THE REASONS for this enviable condi-  ���������*��������� tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable-; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild .winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  -Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  *"^ country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  ',' *    Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  *,--���������-���������    ���������������        ,��������� - :  '.v*'    ���������?-    -������������������   CANADA.   -    ������������������<���������  One Year ..' $1.00  Six Months 0.75  Three Months 0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year........................$1.00.  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD. '  BELLA COOLA; B.'C; '  ... ���������,  Enclosed please find.v..;.'...,.'....subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for..; -.... ���������'.;.........'. .';���������'..  Name......................'.'.'.....  P. 0........:/....::..;....;..  Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed ������r-  3  hoe:  511  ���������nataKJbM  owner  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coasl between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles.  // will be to your interest-to keeP WQU m~  formed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  0    .  Now is the; time to keep  your name before the  public. No manufacturer or wholesalehbuse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  Accurate Firing.  Captain Reginald Forbes, of  the Scots Greys, writing from  one of the trenches on the Som-  me, refers to the splendid shooting of the men under his charge.  "Ten months ago," he states,  "the waste was serious. Now  the tendency is, if anything, the  other way. The'spirit of efficiency has spread throughout the  entire front, and the occasional  contact with the artillery nun  has done a world of good to the  infar.tiy. A miss is-held to be  a sort of disgrace. German prisoners tell us that the British aim  to lose no lead. The airmen have  also their part in making this  wonderful change in the firing of  the men. We feel that when an  airman has' reported, at great  risk to his neck, the changed  "position of a line of men, it is up  to us to reward him for his discovery. T-he men who have been  longest in the trenches take a  pride, too, in getting the newcomer to be patient, as well as  heroic." '  .  BELLA COOLA COURIER  Canada's Boys0Want Smokes!  England-has up to date spent  $500,000,000 on military clothing  since the. beginning of 'the war'.'  This is quite a lot of .money, and  the wool b'arons must have increased their surplus cash considerably;  You Help?  If so, Mr. Francis R. Jones will be pleafed to answer any enquiries addressed to, the Canadian Office of the Over-Seas Club,  Room 28, Windsor Hotel, Montreal, and will be glad to supply  Collecting Books, Contribution Cards, Boxes and Circulars  to any who are willing to assist.  The Law in its majestic equality .forbids the rich as well as the  poor to sleep under bridges, to  beg in the streets or steal bread.  The surest way of forcing the  land of this or any other.country  into cultivation is by .taxing it. "  The coal, resources of Canada,  according to surveys, amount to,  over 170,000,000,000"tons. ������    -��������� -  i rim ",""1'1  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  ^ cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country: The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  D TOWN. Do not talk���������support ' home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in 'earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  $1 a Year  every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  0  Russia's Treatment of  Prisoners.  At the end of 1916 the prisoners employed' in the state and  agricultural work in Russia numbered 1,138,000. Of these 545,-  000 wei*e under the jurisdiction  of the minister of agriculture;  294,000 in mines-and-factories,  and 169,000 ways and communications. No intoxicating liquors  are sold to prisoners, including  officers. Their food is passed by  local boards,' under instructions  laid down by the minister of the  interior. No discipline is meted  out to prisoners without the consent of the commanding officers.  The percentage of complaints by  the-prisoners has' been so small  that just previous to the"break  with Germany, , the American-  ambassador was asked to make  independent inquiries, and he  reported thatjn'all camps'.conditions were most satisfactory.  If all stray dogs were subject  to the shotgun, sheep killing-can-  ines would scon be a thing of the  past. A dog with his master  never meddles with sheep.' ;  McTavish and Macpherson are  adrift at sea in an open boat.  McTavish (on his knees): O  Lord, I ken I've broken m'aistof  thy commandments. . And I've  been a hard drinker all my days.  But, O Lord, if we're spared this  time, I promise never���������      :.:  Macpherson: I widna commit  mysel' ower far, Donald. I think  I see fand.  Keep the Hens Supplied.  Considerable eggs are produced in the Bella Coola Valley. It  is not only the raising of poultry  and the marketing, but farmers  should bear in mind that.both  eggs and poultry' should reach  the consumer, vvhois the judge,  in the best possible condition. In  resp.ect' to'eggs, they are. as a  rule poorly shelled. The heavier  the shell the better, as the heavy  shell has a tendency to preserve  the eggs for a longer period than  the thin shell, for export this is  most essential as the.strong shelled egg will stand handling better  in transit. The advice .is use  more clam shells, keep the hens  well supplied .with grit. . One  reason why eggs when shipped  often arrive in a damaged condition'is the poor shell, consequently the shipper does not  realize the price.he should if the  eggs were in sound condition.  Give the garden thorough cultivation. It should receive as  much attention as any cultivated  crop on the farm. Above all  things, don't put the care 6f the  garden off for rainy days.  TTiEtwo principal reasons  *���������   why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Larch etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are' the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  HAMS  LARD  EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers^and Provisioned  Calgary    Vancouver    Edmonton  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  CLUB OFFER  We have pleasure in announcing that we have made arrangements with two of the leading weekly publications  so that our subscribers may have the best of reading at  substantially reduced rates. "���������  ~"%  The Courier  . $1.00  Farmers Advocale & Home Journal, Winnipeg  h 50  $2,50  Both papers  for .   .  $2.00  The Courier   . ,  Canadian Countryman, Toronto  $1.00  1.50  $2.50  Both papers  lor  $2.00  The Courier   .       .       .       ."     ".'$1.00    g^     pers  Family Herald & Weekly Star, Montreal . .JL00   for ^      $1J5  $2.00  V  The four papers may be had for $4.50.  -J  Saturday, June 16, \9\7  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1895.  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes    ������    ������  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  Settlers* Prospe&ors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock: Nothing but the mosT: suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints -  Oils - Varnishes -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour. ', Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service ,  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  ���������6-  KBBJHHSS  tmamwsm  miuimmutxnnMMI'm' If you want good sport  Visit bella coola. excel-  xnt hunting and fishing.  WEATHER REPORT FOR MAY  Compiled   by  Mr. C.  H. Urseth, of the  BelJa Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, G2.   Minimum. 38.  Highest Max. (30th)76. Lowest Mi'n. i4th) 27  Rainfall,   1.54.  Rainfall for the year (1916) 40.89 inches.  5���������NO. 26  BELLA COOLA, & C, SATURDAY, JUNE 16,  1917.  $1.00 a Year  News for the Week  iturday: London.���������British continue their aerial operations  [er BeTguim and'have put three German aeroplanes out of action  *ar Dixmude. Number of prisoners taken since the new British  live in Belgium began yesterday, reach more than six thousand,  estimate of guns captured yet known, but several German bathes taken intact. Prisoners say scores of German guns destroy-  during British bombardment. German losses in counterattack  fere terrible. Full depth of the attack was five hundred yards,  iree counter attacks by Germans delivered, in great force were  joken up last night. Berlin admits retreat. Vast number of  loops being rushed forward by Hindenburg in effort to stem Brit-  advance which swept over, heights dominating Lille plain and  [reatens to sweep Teutons from great industrial section of nor-  iern France.?.-.'Major-general Pershing and staff arrive.  jUdine.-��������� Austria has made formidable concentration of forces on  falian front by withdrawing troops from Russian front. Italians  iw confronted by estimated two thirds of entire Austrian army.  iMonday: London.���������Manner in which our aviators dominated  the air during battle of Messines ridge last Thursday when they  othered German aviators for time being one of the most thril-  g and remarkable stories of the entire war.    Hundreds of Brit-  [h planes well behind German lines when battle broke into fury  dawn. German army, under Crown Prince Ruprecht of Bava-  , apparentlyhas not recovered from the blow made against their  es south of Ypres as they are not making any serious attempt  recapture important positions lost in Thursday's great battle.  erman prisoners now number more than seven thousand.   Cana-  ans made raid last night south of Lens and took one hundred  d fifty prisoners.  Copenhagen.   Death notices in German papers indicate terrible  11 in western battle to have taken place among German aviators,  bmarine losses  not allowed to be mentioned.    Bulgars need  oney appealing to Germany.;  Petrogradr^Tn Carpathians, northwest of Rafalovka, Russian  outing parties surmounted wire entanglements and attacked  ustrians driving them, from their trenches. Demand for condign  Banishment of Czar growing throughout Russia. .Crewsof battle-  ips adopt resolution requiring imprisonment of deposed emperor  Kronsfadt.    Threaten to apply force if demand is refused.  Italy Resumes Of fenvive  Rome, June 12.���������Italians resumed the offensive in their attempt to capture Trieste, taking  Monte Ortigara, east of Cima  Lfndice, Agello pass, after desperate fighting.  Premier Introduces  Conscription Bill  Ottawa, June 12.���������Terms of  Conscription Act made public.  Compulsory service measure to  introduced in the House by the  premier. Ten distinct classes  set out from which drafts will be  made. First class is drawn on  men born' since 1894. Two parr,  ties to sit as a board in each locality, one to be chosen by the senior county court judge and the  other by parliament. Appeal  tribunal is to be established.  American Officers  Arrive in France  Paris, June 12.���������Active artil-  ery fighting last night north of  the Somme. German, raid west  of Cerny repulsed. First contingent of American officers, mem-  ber.^f General Pershing's staffs  arrived this morning." Officers  came,to prepare for the American  forces when they arrive.  Tuesday: London. ���������Britain sent Russia a note in.reply to lat-  jr's request for a statement on British war aims. Note not yet  lade public, but it is believed to be in general agreement with  President Wilson's note to Russia. American sailing vessel Man-  |us Manson, 1751 tons, sumbarined. Norwegian steamer John  |akke, 1611 tons, with a cargo of wheat for Belgium was sunk by  ierman submarine, also the Norwegian ships Hatfursford and  [angvand, 1668 tons, submarined.  Wednesday: Havre.���������Five hundred Belgians, interned in Ger-  any, have died of starvation within the past three months.  Berlin.���������After advance by British cavalry at Messines this aft-  oon to the attack, only remnants of them returned.    South of  essines attacking infantry repulsed by our counter attack.  Cadiz, Spain.-���������Spanish torpedo beat this mornirg discovered  erman submarine, U53, disabled by a shot which had struck her  lgines, the submarine will be interned.  Christiania.- Revolution was just in time to prevent separate  eace plan by Czar's government. Socialist leader issues warning  gainst any attempt to hinder defeat of Germany, they must be  breed to give up the Berlin to Bagdad dream.  Washidgton.���������American steamer Petrolite submarined yester-  ay, no details given.  Prohibition Is Surely  Coming for U. S.  Washington, June 12.��������� State  secrets have Been divulged. A  traitor or spy has given out confidential naval information says  Secretary Daniels. Prohibition  is surely coming. Congress and  Senate take steps to curtail the  manufacture of all alcoholic  spirits.  Irn  No More Party Politics  London. June 12.���������The day of  party politics has passed. New  phase in the Canadian political  situation, declares Times Gazette,  is a direct result of the Imperial  conference. The paper also says  that the Liberal leader's resignation is not, however, a solution  of the problem. It also states  that Dr. Clark may succeed Sir  Wilfrid Laurier.  Reported Russians  Resume Offensive  Lop don, June 13. ��������� North of  Neuve Chapelle, east Armenti-  eres and north of Ypres, hostile  raiders repulsed, number of enemy .killed and captured. Lieut.  Bell-Irving distinguished himself. Drifter patrol, commanded  by the well known Vancouver  officer, attacked and wrecked two  German seaplanes off coast of  Dover.  As the result of continuous  heavy rains, many farmers are  plowing up their corn which has  rotted.  "From enemy sources comes  conviction that the Russian long-  waiteJ activity on the eastern  front has begun, both German  and Austrian newspapers predicting Russian offensive.. London' attaching considerable importance to these reports, especially in view of the fact that the  reportenimated from the enemy.  Allies not likely to announce the  start of Russian offensive until  well on its. way.   - i ' " ~    \  ,/       Artillery Fighting  ^Paris, June 13.���������Violent artillery 'engagements in region of  California plateau, on Aisne  front and in Champagne.  Revenue receipts and national  defense bonds steadily increasing in Frances Hundred billion  francs so far voted in the war.  New series of measures expected  to bring'in billion francs.  First American ship of the new  type arrived, unloading big cargo of flour and medical supplies.  Rome, June 13.���������Italians begun offensive in region southeast Of Trentino, capturing two  important points from Austrians.  The enemy's heavy batteries in  the upper valleys of Astico and  Assa; were bombarded by our  air squadrons.  BELLA COOLA AND DISTRICT RED  CROSS AND PATRIOTIC FUNDS  STATEMENT FOR MAY.  Red Cross Fund  Collected by Miss L.  Schulstad the sum of "..  13.25  7.00  recipient of the present is Mrs.  Edward Sande and was sent to  her by friends.  The S. S. Thomas Crosby with  the inspector of fisheries, J. T.  Williams, aboard visited Bella  Coola the first part of the week,  this being the inspector's first  call here this year. He had been  further south to Port Hardy ar.d  Collected by Misses  Livelton and Peterson  (April and May)      Collected by Mr. C.  Tucker the sum of .....      23.50' was on his way north again, also  Collected at Cannery .        5.00 calling at Kimsquit en route to   :    j  48.75 ( Port Essington. Mr. Williams  informed the Courier that fishirg  in the northern waters was so  Total.  .$  Patriotic Fund  Collected by Mr. C.  Tucker the sum of  .Collected by Rev. H.  Sageng the sum of   Total   4.00  far very little, in fact j^he num-  9.50 ber of boats engaged in the industry is considerably less then  last year, fishermen, who in for-  merseasons made money trolling",  are hardly making expenses.  The Fisheries Department has  chartered the missior ship, Thos.  $13.50  The  steam  tug Bute arrived  from Victoria with a scow load,  240,000 feet, of  lumber for the j Crosby, for the season and'the  Talio fishing plant.   The trip up veteran navigator, Capt. Oliver,  was made in seven clays.    Work is in command,  is now going on at the new can-  nery with unabated vigor, double Mr. A. E. Douglas is over from  shifts have started.and most of", Kimsquit and staying at the hes-  the flooring of the cannery and'PitaI- In the act of moving a  wharf is completed, while this fishing boat at the Draney Fish-  has been going on a number of Gries   cannery   it   slipped   and  M  **"*��������������������� %  This is one of the most remarkable pictures that has yet come out of the "submarine zone  as taken from one of the torpedoed ship's boats as it was pulling away .^^^^"^"^^^p  -hows men escaping from the doomed vessel.    One man can be seen sliding down a rope over the  Ship's rudder, another has just jumped, throwing up the spray which can b  It  pv  seen.  King of Greece Abdicates  Athens, June 13.���������King Con-  stantine of Greece abdicated today- King took the step following the landing yesterday of Allied troops in Greece and the assumption by French government  of food administration in Greece.  King Constantine abdicated in  favor of Prince Alexander.  None to Be Exempt  Ottawa, June 13���������All returned  officers and men w^o have not  seen service at the front are not  exempt, but will come under the  conscription law.    Liberals hold  caucus to discuss the terms of  conscription measure, party not  united, a number of Ontaria and  western   members   support the  bill.   Premier tells why conscription  bill enacted; casualties exceed enlistments and Canada was  definitely pledged to place half-  million men in the field.    Compulsion absolutely  necessary if  Dominion is to do her part, pleads  for debate on measure to be fair  and in moderation.  carpenters have been getting the  frame work ready, in another  week sections of the main building will be up.  The catch of spring salmon at  the Bella Coola cannery has been  above the average during the past  week. The weather was a little  better, though very cold for this  season of the year, and this has  without a doubt had some effect  on the run of spring salmon. It  is also expected that the sock-eye  fish will be late for this same  reason.  caught one of his hands, thereby  partly crushing one of his fingers.  He is doing well and will be able  to return in a week or so.  The British Columbia Salmon  Canners Association are wholly  in favor of universal conscription  for Canada. They point out in a  resolution that they recently forwarded to Sir Robert Borden that  they favor conscription being put  into force as soon as possible.  They also point out that they  have contributed to the war fund  in extra taxation last year $40,-  000 levied on the pack of salmon.  Many of the salmon canners  have sent sons to the defense of  the empire, several of whom  have paid the supreme sacrifice.  It may not be out of the way to  mention in this connection that  Capt. Donald Moore of the Draney Fisheries of Namu, has given  his life in the fight for liberty.  LastCamosun brought up from  Vancouver a dog, which to the  ordinary observer looked like a  common, ordinary yellow one.  However, as his birthplace was  Hong Kong and having crossed  the Pacific on the last voyage of  the R.M.S.S. Empress of Russia  to Vancouver from the Orient,  gives him a little notoriety.   The  Mr. M. Hammer, who has been  on the sick list forborne time, is  spending a few days in town.  High lead or spar line is the  mode by which logs are brought  in at the several logging camps  operated  by  the   Pacific  Mills.  Camp Eleven, on the South Ben-  tick, was visited by the Courier  this week to get an insight in the  latest mode of logging.    In many  respects the many improvements  and inventions for the more economic putting in of logs is astonishing, the very fact of'picking up the logs, in many instances  three or four at a time or the  whole tree for that matter, and  have them travel over a line in  the air to the shoot is marvellous.  Not only does it do away with  building expensive roads but logs  are taken over deep gulches in  this way where it would be impossible otherwise to get them  out.   Trolling for spring salmcn in  the North Bentick is a new departure and to Miss Mina Stnde  belongs the credit. The largest  fish she has caught so far is sixteen pounds, it is some sport to  land one of these.  -������-: <���������������������*>^������><tr <i(r><if><rje  c  (Elturrh Nntir?  Sunday School  Church Service  -    10:45 a.m.  -   7 : 30 p. in.  9  -.9  d  Preacher for Sunday ���������Rev.  W. H. Gibson.  All Are Welcome.  ,;,,  -      - i  ���������>' ".::���������':  4  ��������� O- <J <-B*XJ������->������L^i*������L> ^-������������L> O' ���������  f l &&***. "5 "  '',!������SJ'3i ' 'j   '  iiSBSfcji'i;? ,**  V      *  m*  4iff  tSL  if������*  A   *%  'J  >4  1*  1   A/  BEL LA  COOLA COURIER  Salurdi  The: Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  has temporarily taken over the  office pending the probe. It is  evident Mr. Rogers thinks there  is an unlimited supply of whitewash in "Canada as he declares  that the investigation will exon-  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada ....$i.ooUratP hirT! from a11 hlame.  1 Ye*r   6 Month*       a7S  3 Month*    O*50  United States  1 Year J*-50  United Kingdom  1 Year '....' V00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not rc-oeiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  The absolute unfitness of China  for our democratic form of government is strikingly revealed by  the dismissal of a cabinetminis-  ter for graft, and the prompt issuance of an order for his arrest.  c' ](>,}%)  For  Advertising Rates, Apply at  . Office.  To Cobrespostoknts-While anobjecuoniibte anonymous communications wiD.be published, tie  name and address of evenr writer of such letters  most be triven to the editor.  ' The Editor reserves the risrht to refuse puNi-  cation of ������ny letxer. AH manuscript at writer's  risk.  ���������&alus pnjmlx sixpremu tsl lex,*  Rare Canadiana was destroyed  when the books of the Kelly firm  of Winnipeg were burned by a  cautious member of the Rogers  combination.  SATURDAY, JUNE 16, 1917.  Conscript All.  The Courier has been asked  where it stood on conscription.  We can only repeat what we have  said before, that conscription  should have been enforced over  two years ago, ,and not only con:  scription of man power, but of  wealth and natural resources.  Conscription, to many, sounds  iike Prussianizm, and as we understand, it is to defeat conscription that we are to fight to a  finish. It seems paradoxical, no  doubt, that we should have compulsion to defeat compulsion,  and yet it seems the only way.  Conscription would not sound  Can They Be Excused?  n  In days of yore the men who  made wars led their armies into  the field and suffered the hardships of warfare.    True, Canada  did not start this war therefore  our governmental heads may be  excused from leading the vanguard, but can they be excused  protecting profiteers?    And yet  that is what they are doing and  have done..     The government  would have shown a truer spirit  of patriotism if they had put  their house in order before venturing  on  conscription..   They  knew months and months ago  that, if the war kept on, eonscrip-*  tion was the logical outcome^and  to pave the way they should have  first confiscated the wealth of  the profiteers.   As -yet- no real  attempt has been made to stop  the grafting whichhas been go-  so ugly-to the many if it was toling on ever since the war combe enforced .without'favor, ifjmencecL The government to  the wealth of the country and show a true spiritrbefore expect-  the amassed wealth, as well as  its owners; are put into the common pot.  o . o    o    o    o  The Sensible Way.  Seeing that it is war time and  every nickel saved is as good as  a sby at the Kaiser, the Conservative party of Vancouver are to  be congratulated in allowing the  Hon. J. W. deB. Farris, attorney  general and minister of labor, to  be returned unopposed. Perhaps the war is imbuding in our.  Conservative friends the spirit  of conserving public money, they  may not be so reckless if they  ever return to the treasury benches.  O       O       O       O       C-  Sir Wilfrid's Attitude.  Although' Sir Wilfrid Laorier  has not seen fit to join the coalition government he has given,  during the three years of war,  unwavering support to the government in its prosecution of war  measures.  Will Sir Wilfrid's decision entail a change in the leadership of  the Liberal party remains to be  seen. It is reported that at a  meeting of Liberals at Toronto  poignant grief was expressed at  the attitude of Sir Wilfrid. The  meeting endorsed the government's attitude on conscription.  Dr. Clark was suggested as apos-)  sible Liberal leader.  5JO      o  ��������� o-    o     o  Why a Royal Commission?  It is fairly?sage to^say that the  the common rank to follow to the  death, should charge all grafters  "with treason and summarily execute the guilty, not just relieve  them of an empty title or so.  Those   patriots   (?)   who  have  THE STIMULI OF HUNGER.  Will Bethmann-Hollweg's lib-  eralism be enough to ward off a  revolution in Germany? Perhaps. In Russia, the revolution  has been bellicose; in Germany  it could only be pacifist . . But  they are alike in that both begin  with hunger. It is this which  gives weight to the attacks on  food ministers; arid those who  are blamed today may be hung  tomorrow. The difficult time for  Germany will be - when defeat  prevents the government playing their present game, and again  when after the peace the people  find themselves still hungry; If  one may attempt to foresee things  a little, it looks as if the change  in Germany will come more from  a struggle between classes, than  from a revolt aginst the reigning dynasty 1���������Swiss de Geneve.  Patronizing Scientific Research.  Occasionally-from the pen of  some journalistic patron of science there appears a short account of a new discovery. Radium was a wonderful affair. .What  might it not do in the way of  supply energy gratuitously!    ''  Hertz . waves, were ���������* superb:  possibly the forerunners, of a  procees by means of which one  could transmit not only racing  news across the seas, but also  death to one's enemies when one  was attacked  by a brutal t foe.  7 Overlooked.  Conscription or no conscription  is the burning question throughout Canada, and may have been  settled before this is printed.  Even the Senate at Ottawa has  given some thought to the question, and in the opinion of this  august hody any law of conscription voted by parliament cannot  be enforced without being ratified by the Canadian people in a  general election. There you are,  the majority of us have overlooked this point  o     o     o     o    o  The high cost of living is felt  practically by every nation on  account of the world war. Of  the Scandinavian countries perhaps Norway is the greatest sufferer, as under ordinary conditions she must rely on the importation of food stuffs. True her  supply of fish food is great, but  since the latter part of 1914 England has taken all the fish possible, now in many sections of  the country there is even a shortage of this food supply. If this  war should last another year  many pf the smaller European  countries will be in abolute need  of food. v-  o    o     o    o    o  Misjudged.  SirSam Hughes told a meeting  in Toronto that he foresaw the  coming conflict as early as 1913,  and that is why he took a party  of Canadian militia officers in  that year over what is now the  scene "of  operations.    He said  Mackay Smith, Biair & Co. Ltd  VANCOUVER,  B. C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE  WEST'   BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  MADE    IN    B. C.  Prompt Attention Gi  further that while in Europe at  that time he took part in a conference attended by Russian,  French and British officers, at  which plans for the pending war  were discussed. This conference  occurred quite a while before the  invasion of Belgium, which we  i  htu  are told  war.  The '.ex-miniat  been sadly ma  We have been  again that Sir :  1913 was in the  ward to a few of  for  Pn  siz  Pr  pri  op<  pri  Fi  191  pri  to  and  bea  any  JI ni  toi.s over and over  jaunt in  ureof are.  faithful  rii s  a  HERE ARE SCIENTIFIC  FOOD FACTS  w  m  done their "little bit" for us in, The public, charmed by the'fn-  our hour of need by doing daring  rake-offs   in   capturing   horses,  formation, has clapped its hands  and realized the existence of a  automobiles, motor trucks, sub- very usefur body of men who  marines* etc, etc., for our use, jgjve them from time to time new  have not met with the encourage- j methods of speeding up li f e and  ment at the hands of the Borden J supplementing the deficient pow-  government as was their due. ers 0f amusing themselves pro-  All the same we are in favor > vided by a wise but somewhat  of conscription, but let it be con- mediaeval Creator.���������Cambridge  scription.  The minister of public works  appears to have been a strong  advocate of the conscription of i  ne.  We are engaged in a relentless  fight for our existence and for  1 success of German labor and culture against the capitalism of the  wealth when ne was commander-;j world   which   is  under  Anglo:  in-chief of the campaign forces | Saxon leadeaship.��������� Admiral V&  in the west iTirpitz.  At Normal Prices���������  Ten cents worth of wheat flour contains 5440  Ten cents worth of beef contains 410 units of .  Ten cents worth of eggs contains 385 units of  Ten cents worth of fresh fish contains 245 unit  A pound of meat costing 25 cents contains  than a pound of flour costing 4 to 6 cents.  And when the flour is  *<$}  inn-  or energy,  &  ; ot energy.  LESS energy  Royal Standard Flo  ur  NEWTON  The Prince Rupert " Empire  man, who is a candidate for the  House of Commons fox this Riding.  While others stand for what  will benefit theirparty, he stands  for what will benefit these districts.,^'  the'difference is still more in its favor becjuu.  strength���������produces more loaves to the sack.  Here's the "high cost of living" problem   -^^2^ Think it over���������then a������l;  IT  for Royal Standard.  is extra  ck&ier  c  w<  iitio  1st, 1  fictu  rime  lona  nat  iiese  ire r  soi  .'iie  |ay h  ne  |)l   o  lere  lis  r.  inei  [orlc  jiy .  iich  :ee ]  ���������ho  ^3J%}  Look for the  ,  CIRCLE "V"  Trade Mark  ON    EVERY   SACK  political car������29r. of Hon. Robert  Rogers, minister of public works,  is at an end. A royal commission has been appointed to investigate Justice Gait's findings  against the public works minister, in the meantime the premier  ���������-and besides all that  GREAT   WEST  TEA  cost's you no more than some teas  not so good.  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers Vancoaver, B.C.  *0(c  HOE  2>H  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  King Charles has decreed the ancient city of Trieste to have freedom.    It will now rank with  other old cities such as Hamburg, but it may not enjoy its freedom long as the  Italians expect to be in possession in a few weeks.  SKKVK'K  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  S. S.  "CaHlOSUIl"   Leaves  Vancouver  every  Tuesday at 11  p. m.       (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Fridays a.m.  la  J#  >-#l  -*&L&  S. S.   "COQUITLAM"   sails   from   Yan^-tr  nightly, carrying Gasoline  and   Explosivt s.  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  .rt-  ji i''  For rates of Freights, Fares and other informM-  Head Oftice, Carrall St.,  Vancouver; or Oko.  agent, 1003 Government St., Victoria.  M'  HOEZ  ���������{c  HOI  Advertise your Wants in the Courier  KHltifl1 Saturday, June 16,   191?  SELLA) COOLAVCOURIER  S?j  rfannAmf^^TrTii  Wishing to  Ms  I  5e?������fe Good Photographs  for reproduction of any of our TREES, etc., growing in the  province, we offer the following prizes for good prints, any  size, all prints to become our property whether winners or not.  Prints to reach us at any time before October 1st, 1917, but  priority of receipt will count in competitors' favor, and we are  open to receive pictures right.away. No limit to number of  prints each competitor can send.  Firif-' Prize $5 00 Syorfh of our best'grade of nursery  rim AI1AC *p������J.vv stock, customer's selection, for spring  1918 delivery, delivered free at your nearest station. Also two  prizes of $2.50 each in trees, etc. Name and address of sender  to be written lightly on back of prints.  Those who will be in the market for Trees, etc., for Spring 1918 should  write us NOW. This is very important. Our General and Rose Catalogs  and Price List are at your service. Orders placed in the Summer get the  best attention and the customer is sure to get just what he orders.  We can always find room for. a good salesman to work in practically  any part of the province.  The British Columbia Nurseries Co., Ltd.  1493 SEVENTH AVENUE WEST        -    -      VANCOUVER, B. C.  n  'm,  WSJ  (vw,  ��������� ������l  m  ���������5i  ft  ,?-������2  mi  ?*������&  Oar National Wealth.  We have five great sources of  jatidnal wealth.   The farm, for-  t, fisheries,' mines and manu-  cturing industries, on the in-  me of which we keep our na-  onalhouse, :It will be obvious  at the! interest and needs of  esevariousproducing branches  e not identical.    They conflict  some instances very strongly.  he farmer for instance has to  higher prices for his articles  necessity and comfort by reas-  of custom duties imposed  ereon, whereas the prices for  s produce are-largely deter-  ined in the markets of the  orld. The miner, too, could  most of his supplies and  achinery cheaper if they were  ee from duty. The fishermen,  ho are chiefly located  in   the  lay  provinces forming the extreme  boundaries of the Dominion, are  unable to supply the markets in  our principal centres of population by reason of the great distance separating them therefrom  and are consequently obliged to  export the bulk of their catch to  foreign markets easier to reach,  but where they have to encounter stiff competition. The lumberman also is affected by the  tariff on his commodities. Manufacturing industries are an immense benefit to the country, but  not more so than the agricultural industries. Indeed, if we  take the population engaged and  the capital invested in' farming  and ranching, the agricultural  interests bulk greater in the  national wealth. Everybody recognizes that manufacturing in-  W$%#:  ."������  PACIFIC- MILK  Prepared from pure, healthy,  fresh, cows milk.     Nothing  is added, only water is taken  v away.  YOU'LL LIKE PACIFIC"  FOOD  PRODUCTS   CO., LTD., Manufacturers  Office: 322 DRAKE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  stitutions are necessary to build  up a great nation and acknowledges that it would be undesirable  to devote our attention purely to  pastoral pursuits. Most people  admit, too, that a certain measure of State assistance to manufacturing is necessary. The  question is largely one of degree.  The Liberal tariff of 1897 was  the first serious attempt made in  Canada towards equality of treatment and reconciliation of conflicting interests. No class or  interest was singled out for undue favoritism. Theneedsof all  were considered. Herein lies the  difference between the Conservative and Liberal attitudes on  the. tariff. ��������� The formula of the  Conservatives for tariff making  always has been the simple one  of giving protection to the manufacturer without reference to the  rest of the community. The Liberals on the other hand believe  in being fair all round and in distributing the burdens of taxation  as much as possible.  The Czar has gone  into the  potato business.  .  '  - FARM LANDS  Oregon & California Railroad Co.  Grant Lands.���������Title to same reves- |  ted in United States by Act of Congress dated June 9, 1916. Two million three hundred thousand acres to be  opened for homesteads and sale. Timber and agricultural lands. Containing some of the best land left in the  United States. Now is the opportune  time. Large map showing lands by  sections and description of soil, climate, rainfall, elevations, etc. Postpaid One Dollar.  Grant   Lands   Locating  Co.,   Box  6 10,  Portland, Oregon.  Comfort and luxury assured at a  minimum cost. Many Prince Rupert testimonials prove its worth  Have You Got $20?  If not your credit is good  Harry Hanson  Special Water Heater  (Patented in Canada)  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  (pOAL M1NJNG RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  v" Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Terkitory, the North-west Terri-  STories and'in a' portion of the Province of  Britihh Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of %\ an  acre. Not more than 2.5C0 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  "Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent  of the district in "Which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or lesral subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the'rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  thc'Agent with sworn returns acco'uiting for the  full Quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at, the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full: information   application  should  be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  ���������Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. COKY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30C90.  Sunday Outsundayed.  A preacher is reported to have  described the bad place in this  graphic fashion:  "Friends," he said, "you've  seen molten metal running out  of a furnace, haven't you? It  comes out white hot, sizzlingand  hissing. Well, they use that stuff  for ice cream in Hades."  BUSINESS CARDS  Watch Repairs  -   Send your watch to,us for guaranteed repairs at lowest prices.  A -price given before proceeding with work. If not satisfactory, watch will be retm-ned free  of expense.  O. B. ALLAN  Diamond Merchant���������Optician  Granville and Pender, Vancouver, B.C.  o  c-  IOI  5  o  Fur Sales Agency  ���������,'���������?.  ������l  Wear the " Day foot"  Solid Leather  Shoe  Installed in your kitchen range  will give you all the hot water  you can use within thirty minutes  after fire is started. 121 now in  use in Prince Rupert and every  user a booster. You don't know  hot water comforts till you have  seen these results. $20.00 is the  Cost. Absolutely no charge unless satisfactory.  A bath supply WithCn twenty minutes  after fire is started and then a neu) supply eoery twenty minutes thereafter.  Wall radiators can also be run from  your hot water boiler and other rooms  heated with no extra cost for fuel.  The Result Will Surprise You  Investigate!  Harry HansonTIJfluRIJlK?"a'  P. O. Box 395  139 2nd Ave., Prince Rupert, B.C.  \  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individu~  a 1 house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale,  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  3QE  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  MADE FOR B. C. WEATHER  G. B. DAYFOOT and Co'y 303 Mercantile Building  Georgetown, Ont. and Vancouver, B. C.  ������ ������  :*  REALLY EXQUISITE  'Delicious coffee cannot be  made from an indifferent  brand. Use 3\������abob Coffee  and the success of your beverage is assured.  Kelly, Douglas & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER,  B.C.  To make a big catch-  first get your tackle!  SOME call it  "Luck^-and  some " Experience!"  But one point all  good fishermen agree  on is that our store  is Fishermen's Head-  Quarters.  For minnows or  sharks���������we can fit you  out.  Ours is a dandy line  ���������and it will interest  you.  ^^BSbiK   Sportsmen's  Headquarters  A n d   how  about shooting?  carry   t he   renowned , Remington  UMC line of Arms and  Ammunition." A full  fresh stock at all times.  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO.  DISTRICT   OF   COAST���������BANGE   III.  Take Notice that Earl Neece, of  Alexis Creek. B.C., occupation farmer,  intends to apply for permission to lease  the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted about  one mile distant and in a westerly direction from Mile Post 42, 124th Meridian,  thence north twenty chains, thence  west twenty chains, thence south twenty  chains, thence east twenty chains to  point of commencement.  EARL NEECE.  Dated, March 17, 1917.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  REMIHGTDft  Wi  DISTRICT   OP   COAST���������BANGS   XXX.  Take Notice that Earl Neece, of  Alexis Creek, B.C., occupation farmer,  intends to apply for permission to  lease the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted about  two miles distant and in a westerly  direction from (he 43rd Mile Post, 124th  meridian, thence south twenty chains,  thence west twenty chains, thence  north twenty chains, thence east twenty  chains to point of commencement.  EARL NEECE.  Dated, March 17, 1917.  J'ne 2-July 28.  "T���������r*W"l'iririiH"Mj''",*"'Ji ~* -irmitk ������i i ateMftt'mnwiiwni-f'witftftfiiM a- ���������-������.-���������-������������������< r-.Tr.rJ;.y^-T  TheMason S'Risch Piano  of to-day will mahie plain our  privilege lo slate with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  li  tfJF Let us attend  your Victor Record  Ji  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  1 Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  c.   ':    *? ~ :  ':**>'    ���������:?������������������ CANADA.   -       ���������  " One Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Thkee Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  ���������'"i  \X7HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  YS7HAT person so independent?  \XTHAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola  farmers are  independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  CZZ3  '"THE REASONS  for this  enviable condi-  ���������*���������   tion of affairs   are   obvious  to   anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable-; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  -Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  *S:  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  *"^ country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  1                   1  1     1  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO.,  LTD.  BELLA COOLA,   B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. O   Tear out and mail todays with amount of subscription enclosed  -,������,���������,������������������������...^���������n -irrsTTnYTr-r' '"���������'��������� " '-^"'1")"r 3  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  Saturday, ]unil j.  scribe  for the  Courier  0NE3)0LLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coait between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles.  Accurate Firing. .  Captain  Reginald Forbes, of ^  \the Scots Greys,  writing fromj  | one of the trenches on theSom~j  j me, refers to the splendid shoot-  | ing of the men under bis charge.  | "Ten months ago," he states,  | "the waste was  serious.   Now  the tendency is, if anything, the  I other way.   The spirit of effici-  I ency has spread throughout the  entire front, and the occasional j  {contact with the artillery menj  has done a world of good to .the  infantiy.    Amiss is-held to be  a sort of disgrace.    German prisoners tell us that the British aim  to lose no lead.   The airmen have  also their part in making this  wonderful change in the firing of  the men.'   We feel that when an  airman  has reported,  at great  risk  to his neck, the changed  position of a line of men, it is up  to us to reward him for his discovery.   The men who have been  longest in the trenches take a  pride, too, in getting the newcomer to be patient, as well as  heroic."  Canada's Boys Want Smokes!  It will be to your interest to ������eep well informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADYERTiSERSn  N(^������S^hme^ keep^  T������ame���������v3>erore, the  your  -* ,1 s-J~���������3.  l "*������������������ -i'jf V *������ >      "   "   -  ie'can:  England-has up to date spent  $500,000,000 on military'clothing  since the. beginning of the war.  This is quite a lot of .money, and  the wool barons must have increased - their surplus cash considerably^^ "    -'  The Law in its majestic equality .forbids the rich as well as the  poor to sleep under bridges, to  beg in the streets or steal bread.  Will You Help?  If so, Mr. Francis R. Jones will be pleased to answer any enquiries addressed to the Canadian Office of the Over-Seas Club,  Room 28, Windsor Hotel, Montreal, and will be glad to supply  Collecting Books, Contribution Cards, Boxes and Girculars  to anv who are willing to assist.  The surest way offbrcfng the  land ofihis or anyother^country  into-cultivation is" hyta������ip g i t  ������ if  -���������tThei,coafesoufcps'tepahada,  j accordmg-ttKSurvey^amount tq  l^er^(>00^ftOP|;6gg;";.:&;  er.or  aifSrU^let sliptHeftfp.*  pprtunity of ' increased  sales that public advertising brings.  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People.are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on develop-  imnts by reading the "Courier."  7i '->  fVf S^Prjs^SerSlf|^  "At theend of 1916 the prisoners employed in the state and  agricultural work in Russia numbered 1,138,000. Of these 545,-  000 were under the jurisdiction  of the minister of agriculture;  294,000 in mines -and' factories,  and 169,000 ways and-communications^ ��������� No intoxicating liquors  are sold to prisoners, including  officers. Their food is passed by  local boards, under instructions  laid down by-the minister of the  interior. .No���������discipline is.mefed  put to prisoners without the consent of the commanding officers.  Tjjie percentage of\ complain ts by  the'prlsbhers has "been:Jso- small  that ,just -previous- to. thejbrea k  with^(Germany,, ,the .Amejican'  ambassador ^wa������'asked to make  independent inquiries, and he  reported that in all campsi teori  ditions were-most satisfactory:   i   If all stray dogs were subject.  to the shotgun, sheep killingcan-  ines would scon be a thing of the  past. A dog with his master  never meddles with sheep." ;  Job Printing  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.  We will do it right  IHJILD UP YOUR HOME  D TOWN. Do not talk���������support home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in'earnest is to  practise it.  Support the '"Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  McTavish and Macpherson are  adrift at sea in an open boat.  McTavish  (on his knees):   Oi  Lord, I ken I've broken m'aistof  thy commandments.    And I've  Keep the Hens Supplied*  Considerable eggs are produced in the Bella Coola Valley. It  is not only the raising of poultry,  and the marketing, but farmers  should bear in mind that.both  eggs arid poultry should reach  the consumer, who is the judge,  in the best possible condition. In  respect to eggs,, they .are. as���������a  rule poorly shelled.. The heavier  the shell the better, as theheavy  shell has a\tendency to preserve  the eggs for a longer period than  the thin shell;-for export this is  most essential as the.strong shelled egg will.stand handling better  in transit. The. advice is use  more clam shells, keep the hens  well supplied .with grit. . One  reason why eggs'when shipped  often arrive in a damaged condition is the poor shell, conse-  quently the .shipper does not  realize the price he should if the  I eggs were in sound condition.  Give the garden thorough cul-  been a hard drinker all my days.  tivation     It should reCeive as  But, O Lord, if we're spared this ,     .,   -. ...    .   ,  .       . . j much, attention as any cultivated  time, I promise never��������� -   j.      I  , T     ., l     -.crop on  the farm.    Above all  Macpherson: I widna commit   ���������   y  myseF ower far, Donald,  I think things, don't, put the care 6f the  I see land. -:        ' garden off for rainy days.  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  The Courier  $1 a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA C00LA, B. C.  TTHEtwo principal reasons  1 why- you should buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST-j^,;" '.  Theri^snone better.  seconP-  They are ' the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BACON  HAMS  LARD  BUHER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  Buffi  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packer^.and Provisioner*  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  *\  CLUB OFFER  We have pleasure in announcing that we have made arrangements with two of. the leading weekly publications  so that our subscribers may have the best of reading at  substantially reduced rates. *  The Courier   .       .       .       .       . $1.00    ���������   ,  Farmers Advocate & Home Journal, Winnipeg  L50   ,       papers   tor   .  ������2.50  $2.00  The Courier   .       .     : .  Canadian Countryman, Torcnto  ���������~. $1.00  .   1.50  S2.50  Both papers  for  .  .   $2.00  The Courier   .  Family Herald & Weekly Star, Montreal  ��������� ^L00    d f,  both papers  'i^?. for   .   .   $1.75  $2.00  V*  The four papers may be had for ������4.50.  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA INi^  Brynildsen  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  J>  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes    Q   8  Tents���������Pack and Riding Saddles  Settlers, Prospe&ors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mo& suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints -  Gils '- Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.   . Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods-Lowest Prices- Largest Stocky  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B.BRYNILDSEN & CO, BELLA C00LA,BX.

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