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Bella Coola Courier Mar 18, 1916

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 I.  >      v  J        '-,  U  r *���������"  7^    'n  <'%.  OU WANT GOOD SPORT  w.___ BELLA COOLA. EXCEL-  >������ENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  tfttK  WEATHER REPORT FOR FEBRUARY.  Compiled  by  Mr. C. H. Urseth, of the  Bella Ccola Observatory.  Temperature.- Maximum, 35.   Minimum, 22.  Highest Max. (27th) 59.    Lowest Min. (1st) 4  Raini'ali, 3.67 inches.   Snow, 2.50 inches.  Rainfall for the year (1915) 34.,33-inches.  !<������$!&&  ;Mip-No. 22  BELLA COOLA, B.C., SATURDAY, .MARCH IS, 1916,  $1.0.0 a Year  ITEMS OF WAR NEWS  IS        f^Bwffibus,-^-Five hundred Villa bandits attacked this point and  kifllS^inumber of men women and children, held possession of  townffpr over an hour before being driven off by three troops of  > 138th?Cavalry, they retreated leaving city in flames.  ^V'El^JPaso, March 12.���������Villa, with a band of 900 men, was in the  neighborhood of Corralitos, Chihuahua, today.  Washington, March 12.��������� General Funstdn, under orders from  President Wilson to hunt down the army of YiHa bandits, was  moviTigfhis troops at the border tonight behind a veil of secrecy.  'SanSKrancisco, March 14.���������Embargo on shipment of war muni-  tions^O/Mexico has been declared.  , -Washington, March 14.���������United States has accepted President  ,' Qajfcanza's proposal for reciprocal arrangements by which Mexican  |������fandM.merican troops may pursue bandits on either side of the bor-  Ml'derSThe concentration of troops for the expedition ii  into Mexico  ir^rojcap'ture Villa has commenced at Columbus. Villa is reported to  ^^elfleeing to the mountains.  ifloniki, March 12.���������Great  activity prevails  along the  whole  ,������fM%Jedpnian front, a captured Prussian states that a big offensive  "jfifSrap'aring, but that the Bulgarians refuse to march first and  ���������," Gprnfan troops will have to replace them before the offensive can  befstarted.  (, Jjr^terdarn, March 12.���������The marriage of Prince Joachin, fifth  scrafrathe Kaiser, to Princess Marie Augustine, daughter of Prince  "    |rd of Anholt, was celebrated at the royal castle Bellevue to-  |The Kaiser was not present.at the wedding.  '?Si^nraon, March 14.��������� The German offensive at Verdun has slack-  , \eneg|f French authorities announce there has been no infantry  jHattack on the part of the Germans along the whole front.'  The  '" ank of'the Meuse around Douamont is being subjected to  bombardment, but in the rest of the Woevre centre the guns  ht working so actively.    Describing German attacks on French  ehes west of Douamount on Friday, three times in columns cf  SSSKfthe infantry rushed forward to assault, but were mowed down  by>aic:tillery and machine gun fire.     In Belgium, a~d_estructive fire  Js directed against the trenches and underground works of the  "enemy in the region of Steenstrate.  March 14. No infantry fighting today at Verdun, but a continu-  hance of heavy artillery fighting is going on all over the front.  * German losses around Vaux, Friday and Saturday, surpass all rec-  ods3>f the war. The curtain of artillery fire is so heavy that both  sidesjare prevented from bringing in reinforcements and therefore  th'ejfight dies down. The Germans failure to capture Verdun is  causing uneasiness in Austria and Bulgaria. It is reported that  the;lCaiser has given instructions that Verdun must be captured  atiall costs, but it is a hopeless task. Groups of French aviators  dropped 30 shells of large calibre on railroad station at Conplans,  setting it on fire causing its total ruin. On account of the German  offensive at Verdun, the Dutch-Belgian frontier, which has been  closed for several weeks, has now been re-opened south of Maastricht. Comments in Holland are that indications show that the  German offensive is now at end. Eighty-one hospital trains of  wounded from Verdun passed through Luxemburg yesterday.  "^Official war office estimates of the German losses at Verdun are  overu?200,000. The French losses are estimated at 40,000. General  Joffre presided at the council of war at the army headquarters.  It is believed an agreement has been reached by Roumania and  Russia by which, if Roumania adheres to the cause of the Entente,  Russia will give Bessarabia.  .Bucharest, March 14.���������Bulgarians decline to send troops to assist Germany in France.  London, March 14.���������Auxiliary cruiser Fauvette hits mine and  sinks; 14 lives were lost. India supports all war measures. Deputation of Irish merchants wait on Lloyd George in regard to muni-  tion-'works. General Smuts in command of British East Africa  forces captured entrenched position in the Kitovo Hills.  Rome, March 15.���������In the Lagaznoe zone the enemy was dispersed by our fire. Along the entire Isonzo front our troops  reached the enemy's Tines and threw bombs. The activity of our  artillery continues throughout whole theatre despite heavy rains.  Athens, March 15.���������Preparations are being made at Saloniki for  an early offensive on the part of the Entente Allies.  London, March 15.���������The Canadian battalions of Pioneers now in  France consist of 1st, 2nd and 3rd battalions.  German Drive  Complete Failure  Six Hundred German Guns Were  Disabled at Verdun  London, March 15.��������� That the  German drive north of Verdun  is a failure is evident from reports from Amsterdam reaching  here and also from reference to  the battle appearing in the Dutch;  papers. Six hundred German-  guns, were disabled at Verdun or  rendered useless by the intensity  of the firing; they are being returned to Germany to be refitted  before they can be used again.  There is much depression on account of the heavy losses. The  Germans are now switching their  activity from east to north-west  of Verdun.  ^Explosion at Detroit  'Detroit, March 15.��������� An explosion Tin a sewer caused by the  leakage of. a gasoline tank car  that stood on the railroad tracks  which cross Scotten Avenue,  tare up the street for two miles,  broke the water main, smashed  windows 'and rocked the build-  ingsi Panic ensued for blocks  around. Thousands rushed into  the streets in their night clothes.  Only two people were injured.  Borden Accepts Mace  Ottawa, March 15. ��������� Premier  Borden accepts London's offer of  a new mace.  The government will introduce  a new pension scheme tomorrow.  It expresses being in favor of  vocational schools for returned  soldiers.  Premier Borden in the House  of Commons censures the Liberals because they ignored the  warnings of war.  Norwegian Barque Sunk  Without Warning  Washington, March 12. ���������Secretary of State Lansing today  telegraphed Consul Osborn at  Havre, instructing him to secure  and forward immediately all  available details concerning the  sinking of the Norwegian barque  Silius, from which seven Americans were rescued. Consul Osborn previously telegraphed that  the ship was sunk by a submarine without warning. If this  can be established' the government responsible will be held  strictly accountable. Such act  is contrary to all previous assurances which United States government has secured.  Claim Ships Sunk Without  Warning by British Sub  Washington, March 15.���������Austria presents to United States reports of two instances in which  Austrian merchant ships were  torpedoed without warning by  Allied submarines, -presumably  British.  Government Should  Dissolve April 3  Songhees Reserve Deal to Come Up  Victoria, March 15;���������The premier is to make an important announcement to the House this  afternoon. It has been recently  found that thelifeof the present  parliament terminates by statute  April 3, instead of as'generally  supposed next June. Because  the law provides that parliament  ends that date the government  probably realized it to be impossible to complete its program in  the two weeks left. A hurry-up  conference was held last Saturday when Tisdall, Baird and Dr.  Scott discussed the situation with  the premier as his local advisers.  A caucus was called unexpectedly  last night to put the situation  before the members as the government had none of its bills  ready. It is understood that the  assembly has power to extend  its term and it is expected it will  take advantage of this for two  weeks in order that necessary  public business may be transacted,'   t"   . ';.������������������' i  Mr. Ma.tson, Victoria newspaper owner,, will be asked to tell  about the Songhees Reserves purchase and the $75,000"given as a  commission.  ��������� The Liberal leader wants the  scope of the Public Accounts inquiry widened.  The Conservative members in  caucus endorse the government's  pian of submitting prohibition to  a popular vote.  Manitoba  Votes Dry  Winnipeg, March 14. ��������� Prohibition carried in this province  yesterday by an overwhelming  majority. Two-thirds of all the  votes cast were in favor of the  measure. The law will take effect on June 1st making the province dry.  public meeting which will beheld  at the Colony Hall, Hagensborg,  one week from today. The Lib-  aral club has decided to let the  people know that they are in the  procession heading towards a  better government and a better  Jay in British Columbia, and it  is believed that all who want to  =ee these good things to come-  about will be on hand and give  all the encouragement' they can.  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  S. S. Camosun failed to make  an appearance last week. The  good and loyal Bella Coola people  waited with more or less patience  for the mail to bring the news of  the great battle at Verdun, but  waited in vain.  On Sunday morning the S.'S.  Celtic came in with a cargo ;of  freight, and then it was learned  that our mail steamer in going  son of Mrs. Clayton, left on the  Coquitlam to join the forces  which battle for their country.  He has enlisted with the Pioneers and will proceed to England i  at once.  Except for the period spent at  school he has lived his whole life  at Bella Coola. He has, since  his father's death, together with  his   brother   been   actively en-  The missionary boat Thos.  Crosby, arrived on Tuesday at  noon. It brought the assistant  secretary of the Missionary Society of the Methodist Church, Mr.  Arnup, and Rev. G. W. Dean,  who are on a tour visiting all the  mission staftons along the coast.  Their stay was very short.  After holding a meeting at the  Mission Church in the afternoon  they held another at the; Mackenzie School in the evening.  At eight o'clock the Mackenzie  School was well filled with residents of the town. Rev. W. H.  Gibson presided, and after a few  opening exercises introduced Mr.  J. H. Arnup, who delivered an  address on the need of prohibi-  biton in order to eliminate waste  and increase the efficiency of the  nation. It must be said that Mr.  Arnup is a speaker of the highest order. It is impossible for  our dull pencil to do justice to  the flow of eloquence and humor  which the delighted audience  was privileged to enjoy for a  time that was entirely too short.  Those who were not present on  this occasion certainly missed a  great deal and have our heartfelt  sympathy.  Mr. Dean followed with a recital of the history of the efforts  made in behalf of prohibition in  Canada and was listened to with  deep interest.  After the program was over,  the audience remained and passed a motion that a public meeting be held at the Lower Bella  Coola School, Thursday, March  23, at 3:30 p. m. for the purpose  of adopting measures to give the  people of Bella Coola a chance to  co-operate with the People's Prohibition Movement in its work  for the adoption of a Prohibition  Law in the province.  Martin Nygaard of the Manitou cannery, Kimsquit, came in  on a launch last Sunday night.  He reported things quiet as yet  at the head of Dean Channel.  He left again on Tuesday morning with his family, which has  paid this place a.protracted visit.  The Bella Coola cannery is beginning to show symptoms of an  approaching busy season. Men  are at work overhauling the various machinery and gear. The  management has decided to in-  stal the sanitary system of canning this season. With this improvement added, Bella Ccola  cannery will, together with the  Namu cannery, have the distinction of being the only canneries  in this part of the district with  this up-to-date system.  S. M. Haycock, representing  the Revillon Furs, Ltd., Edmonton, Alberta, came into town last  week after accomplishing the  feat of traversing afoot the hundreds of miles between here and  Burns Lake on the Grand Trunk  railway. He came by the: way  of Ootsa Lake and Alcacho, descending into the Bella Coola  valley along the Kahylkst river  (burnt bridge). In some places  he encountered ten feet of snow.  Mr. Haycock left on the Coquitlam.       In unloading freight, the captain of the Celtic had the mishap  to injute his finger to the extent  that he had to call on the doctor  for surgical aid.  During the stormy weather  which we are experiencing quite  frequently in this blustering  month of March, the telegraph  lines suffer breakdowns every  few days. This week they have  been down for two days or more.  Jim Pollard, chief of the Kimsquit tribe of Indians, with a number of his tribe was seen about  town during the week.  out from  the harbor of Prince' gaged in  looking after the ex-  Rupert had run herself high and  dry upon a rock at high tide, aiid  that the prospects are that she  will remain there until the next  spring tides lift her sufficiently  to release her. And no mail was  to be had until the Prince Albert  arrives, which will assume the  run of the Camosun on the winter schedule.  Vincent Clayton, the youngest  tensive interests of the family,  besides takitfg part in various  public affairs. He is followed by  the kind wishes of his host of  friends, who hope to see him, together with the many others  ; from Bella Coola who have gone  before, soon restored to their  midst after a successful ending  of the great struggle.  Attention is called to the notice  published  in   this issue  of   the  ANNUAL MEETING  of the Bella Coola Liberal Association will be held in Colony  Hall, Hagensborg, Saturday, 25th  March, at 2 o'clock in the afternoon^  Public Meeting at 7 p. m.  Addresses will be delivered by  several local speakers. Everyone  is cordially invited to come to  this public meeting.  T. E. Jacobsen, Secretary.  Among other freight the S. S.  Coquitlam brought in for the  Johnson saw mill a planer and an  additional boiler, which are supe  indications that the activities  around our quiet burg are on Uve  increase.    Arrangements have been made  to have the telegraphic news of  the day posted on a bulletin  board in front of the Courier  office. They will arrive shortly  after noon every day except Sunday.   Announcement has been made  of a wedding to take place in the  near future. Mr. G. B. Olson of  Hagensborg, will lead to the alt-  ������  ar Miss Klingenberg, who arrived in our midst irom Norway  last summer.  "> <XT>"0���������>-<^9  Qlljurrtj Nntire  Sunday School  Church Service  10:45 a.m.  7 : 30 p. m.  J  Mr. C. Carlson will conduct  the service.  All Are  Welcome.  9*^-<*<^9^"<*i^9^-^99^<A(L>'<Ji9 lii'i.&'M'  l II !, i V. I i  J'  u.  I'M  111 ( ,������..  Il  -til};  mi  \i  I !  ! J  ������"  '\  Is.  N  ������-������������������  .' i:  i l   ������  ,  Vi  I il  j#  BELLA COOLA COUfUEft  Saturday,  March lSt ./g,  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1 Year $1.00' ing to themselves the functions  to the speculator "a-chance" to  enrich himself from the public  domain to the detriment of the  province, the acceding1 to every  demand of the rapacious firm of  Mackenzie & Mann, the arrogat  OIL LETTS  LYE  EATS DIRT"  6 Month*    0.75  3 Months .".   0.50  'United States  1  Year.     $1.50  .United Kingdom^  1  Year.' ;'. $1.00  Subscriptions, payable in advance.  Subscribers'not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon; as possible.  of the legislature through Order  in Council; these and similar offences will not down as long as  the public are suffering in their  incomes from the effect of them.  "'"Ml Jtrouc opoiixg-run oi������cr.o������> I*"*"  If  For Advertising Rates,  Apply at  -I "Office.  Tq Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the  name and address of every writerof such letters  -.must be (riven to the editor.  The Editor reserves the rififht to refuse publication of any letter. All manuscript at writer's  "���������isk.  "&ahta pnjntlt siijin������iita tst'ltx."  SATURDAY, MAR. 18, 1916.  Sober Second Thought.  Shortly after the ,by-election  held in Vancouver, Hon. W. J.  Bowser'gave   out -a statement I shall be given every opportunity  Belated Repentance.  In the face of very grave accusations Mr. Bowser has, in the  past, strenuously opposed the  demand made by the Ministerial  Union of the Lower Mainland  and others for an investigation  into the affairs of the province,,  and he has also, as a member of j  Che McBride cabinet, refused to  call the Public ^Accounts Committee together; but there has  come a change over his dreams;  since he heard something drop  in Vancouver three vve'eks ago he  piously declares that Mr. Mac-  donald, the Liberal member elect,  .P-ft/MQ)  crisis that has occurred for 300  ��������� years���������since Cromwell made pre-  I parations at Bristol for the inva-  J sion of Ireland.    This is not England's fight only.     As sure as  England goes down  we will go  down too.    For fifty years this  German cloud has hung over Europe.    Fifty-one years ago Germany   crushed   Denmark;   four  years afterwards the Austrians  went under the Germans; and six  years later France was levelled  in the dust by them; and then  Germany settled down, and for  forty years has been preparing  ��������� '     for this-war.i Now^ if Germany  the activities of the government conquers Europe,  then  Britain  in its many departments for a will live for'6nly five years long-  Maekay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd  VANCOUVER, B.C.  ^UETTCOMPANYUMjgl  Qg      TORONTO ONT.     "ffg^  Wholesale  DRY  GOODS AND  MEN'S  FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE  WEST"  BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  MADE    IN    B. C."  Prompt Attention Given Letter Ordert  number of years.  o    o    o     o    o  Light Wanted;  There is*one point in the mat  ter of the rules governing the  er, and Ireland will then be beat  en.    What has happened' in Pol  and?   Germany has set itself to  crush it out of existence.   They  have uprooted some 25,000 Polish  system of representative govern- farmers'and replaced them bj  ment, which we admit we do'Germans. To complete the de-  not understand and, therefore, ���������*���������,.,.. ' - D , j tl_ ^  need enlightenment. It is this: j St^Ctj������n ������f Poland the Germans  ' -By. what right or authority has jpassed a la ^prohibiting one Pole  Mr. Bowser assumed the reins of purchasing land, so that in pro-  government ?   Has the lieuten- cess of time "the whole soil of  life might somehow prove a blessing in diguise, resulting eventually in a distinct improvement in  European civilization.  "In the past ages," said Prof-  Parkes, "evolution of higher  types in animal and vegetable  life has generally resulted from  cataclysmic changes, and great  destruction by plague, pestilence  and famine,  has led to an ad-  nagcirf  benefit ���������  vance in, civilization,  possible that this Ar  may be of ultimate  humanity.''  ' Touching on the lowering bir-  rate in Great Britain, the sptSl''  er declared that every c-mintn.  Europe has shown a decree,  birthrate during the past deca*  with the exception of Bulgar;  Roumania and Ireland. &  -'   which shows that as far as his  intentions go at present he will  be yery "good" in thefuture.  Adversity at the polls has had a  chastening influence upon  him  and.has subdued his confidence  in   his   popularity.     When   we  consider his record and its effect  upon the people in the light.of  the last election, the statement  he made reminds us of the old  saying:   "When  the devil  was  sick., the devil'- a saint would be;  when .the .devil   got   well,- >the  devil a saint was he."  .Mr. Bowser said: "I hope and  think that/when the time "for the  general election' comes, and I  "have- a chance to place on the  statute books'of the province  various suggestions whichT have  made, and when the people have  had a chance of going over them  and of appreciating their effect,  after sober second thought that  they will realize that all of the  sins of omissions and commis-  to .investigate in every department of the government; he will,  if he so wishes, be placed upon  every committee of the-House,  the much neglected Public' Accounts Committee included.  Mr. Bowser in  making these  promises assumes the air of the  injured innocent party.   He says:  "If I am surrounded by a corrupt government, then J should  be the firs't-to be made aware of  it, and I will be ������he first to instiT'  tute reforms no' matter on whose  head the punishment-may fall."  -'  Mr. Bowser had every .opportunity given him before the elections-to have the investigations  instituted; but he merely scoffed  -at the idea of such being rieces-  sary"' and' intimated there were  only a few malcontents that demanded it, while the great majority of the people were satisfied with his way of conducting  the affairs of the country.  Mr. Bowser's day of grace has  sions which are laid at my. door passed; his opportunity to rein  .   will be found not to be justified  Mr. Bowser is just now whistling in the dark to keep up his  courage.    He seems to believe  .   that the  verdict of his fellow  townspeople has been rendered  upon a sudden impulse without  due   deliberation;   that   these  thoughtless  and   hasty people  will "after sober second thought"  '   realize that he is not so bad as  -   depicted, in fact that he has been  maliciously slandered. '  Mr, Bowser says in effect that  when the people at the end of  the legislative session find how  fine the laws are he has placed  on the statute books, the,y will  see that they have wronged him  and will return him to power.  It will be to Mr. Bowser's interest 'that he faces the issue  squarely in the face and realizes  that the best suggestions he can  make,  even   though   he  places  then? on the statute books, will  not" make the  electorate forget  the acts committed "by him'and  his colleagues during their reign  in power," and that he will b���������  judged-according to them and  nothing else.     The. voters will  not forget the Dominion Trust  scandal, the Songhees and Kitsi-  lano rake offs, the donation to  Dr. .Young, the reckless expenditure of the public funds with-.  out prudent restraint, the giving!  state himself in the confidence  of-the people-is gone. People  have not much faith in his belated willingness to allow one  man,  who  is circumscribed  by  ant-governor called^on him to do  so and if'he'has is it not "then  necessary to call a general election in order to obtain the sanction of- the' electorate?    Under  the present circumstances is it  according to a popular form of  government for Mr. Bowser to  draw up. a program, enact them  into laws and place them upon  the statute books of British Columbia without giving the people  an opportunity to express their  opinion;  '    ' \- -    f-  Mr. -Bowser has virtually elevated himself to the head of the  government and reorganized the  cabinet by-dismissing'twomembers; transferring another and  appointing three-new ones, of  whom two were repudiated at  the polls.  -        , :"?','  - It seems strange that a -man  can assume such .authority without'having received the "approval  of the electorate.   -..   .  - We will assume for the'sake of  argument that Mr. Bowser made  an ideal attorney-general, but  but yet might be totally unfit for  the position of premier who must  have the qualifications necessary  for a leader.  Poland must pass into German  hands. , Now?, during all this period the English government has  been working to 'reinstate and  root the Irish people in their own  soil,   rThe ' Congested   Districts  Board and the Estate .Commissioners have been busilyengaged;  great ranches have been divided  up, and no fewer than 4,000 evicted tenants-have been restored.  Tell me,' as-reasonable men, if  th^ Germans are going to treat  Ireland differently from Poland?  Believe me,"my friends, this is a  war of conquest, and the Germans mean to exchange the arid  wastes   of ������the .Baltic and the  lands of   Brandenburg for the  rich pastures of Ireland.   Xet us  all set ourselves to the -work before us, and defeat Germany and  with.it militarism."  For Any Chance or Emergency  REMINGTON  UMC  HEAVY TOLL OF THE WAR.  The .35 Remington-UMC Sporting Cartridge v.ili  stop the biggest game. Remington-UMC .22 Short is  the best small calibre "cartridge made. Between these  extremes are several hundred different calibres of  Metallic Cartridges  for all Standard sporting and military rifles. All gauged in the Arm  for which they're made. 60 years success behind them. Used by experts. Endorsed by rifle-makers. Re mi ifgtori-UMC Metallic*  guarantee your Arm to the full extent of the maker's guarantee.  Remington   Arms-Union   Metallic   Cartridge   Co.  {Contractor! to the BrilUh Imperial arid Colonial Government*)  London, Eng.  7  hi  f:  Should Germany Win.  Speaking of the possibility of  a German invasion of Ireland at  a recruiting meeting,  the Rev.  W: P. Burke said in part:,  "We are now,  to  my mind,  "The total destruction of life  during two years  of  war will  reach 20,000,000 persons,"  declared Professor Louis C. Parkes,  of the government health service  at  the annual   meeting of the  Royal  Institute of Sanitarians,  recently held in London.  The   speaker   expressed   the  human limitations, to investigate I confronted with the most serious J hope, however, that this loss of  Gault Brothers Limited  WHOLESALE <DRY GOODS  361 Water Street        Vancouver, B. C  1$ Gauli Brothers for over 60 years haoe successful!};  maintained wholesale warehouses throughout Canada  <i The Vancouver stock is the largest and best assorted  slock on the Coast, in some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES  SMALLWARES  RIBBONS  %Mr, Ready-to-Wear CARPETS  MEN'S FURNISHINGS-   LINENS  House Furnishings      DRESS GOODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  moi  m*m  HOI  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  NOTICE  This will be the last trip of the S. S. Camosun on the  yueen Charlotte Island run. Starting on March Mlh.  the Prmce Albert will take up the Queen Charloth-  Island run and will be operated by the Union Steam  ship Co. of B. C, Ltd. The Prince Albert will niak������-  two trips a month as usual.  S. S. Prince Albert will call at Bella Coola this week.  PROJECTED ROUTE, OR.THE- PACIFIC &��������� HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  , S. S.   "Coquitlam"   sails   from   Vancouver fori  n!gDt,y'nCar,rylngGasoline and Explosive's, will cal  at tJella Coola by arrangement.  HPA^0rn���������Bn0f^Pre!ght8'������Faro8 aml other information, npplv ������  2������n? tmin' Caurau' S���������t" Vancouver or Geo. McC!kk<;<..:  agent, I0U3 Goveknment St., Victoria.  |.[c  noc ifarctay] March 18,  1916  BELLA  COOLA COURIER  Bfects of Prohibition in Tacoma  stla"the lace of the accumulating  yiaence of the beneficial effects  ^ijohibition in territory where  h force, it must take con-  ble   hardihood   for   some  als we know to defend the  traffic.    It is  almost im-  e to escape.the conclusion  hey are of that class of  who by a high authority  .-������������*������������uM������H-een designated as "blind  ���������������i������o������ the blind."        ..        .  D^^fine   spun   theories,   the  facts and the exaggera-  rtl&SH^ictions of evil ^advanced  v.$f||i^ in their  opposition to  prohibition cannot deceive people  who are earnestly seeking the  truth. Such arguments as their  leaders bring forth are for the  purpose of bolstering up those  who are seeking aid in maintaining a tottering position against  the strong current of multiplied  and convincing evidence contrary to their bent of thought,  inclinations and habits. But let  them strive as, hard as they can,  the remorseless strength of truth  and righteousness, has always  proved stronger than hoary headed error and brought about its  downfall and   will   always con-  "afjcdi,  S8M&  ^  A few lines we specially  recommend  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ���������Biscuits  Griffen & Skelleys  famous gold and  silverbar���������  Canned and dried  fruits  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Phtblesale Grocers Vancouver, B. G.  icy  "HSSi  m  m  "POLARINE"  Best .Known and  Popular Lubricant for  Motor Boats  Its use assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or in cylinders  [IMPERIAL OIL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B. C.  ������? &���������& ^���������������^>t**'<:?iJ'l '''^Mv^l 0"<������  Jlic^  ntoe.  Co.  S.A.  -:;^>"  b  2J  ������  * J2>  V  >!TT  tinue to do so  as  long as the  "moon shall wax and wane."  Not long ago we published the  advantages of prohibition as experienced in Seattle during the  first month of its trial.    The following is quoted from a statement given  by  Mr. Dewitt M.  Evans, police judge at Tacoma,  Wash., in regard to prohibition  in that city on the Sound.    As  compared   with  January,   1914,  the decrease in cases of drunkenness in January,   1916,   60 .percent, in vagrancy 74 per cent, ifi  disorderly conduct 100 percent  and in fighting 100 per cent, or  in other words no cases of disorderly conduct or fighting at all!  "In addition to these cold facts  I cannot help but add a few testimonials.    On January 22 of this  year I met the police officer that  has the beat along 14th and Pacil  fie Avenue and "A" Street from,  which 90 per cent of the drunk,  disorderly,   fighting,   and   petty  thieving cases come.     He told  me thatsince the first of the year  he  had  not  seen  one   case   of,  drunkenness, brawls, or disturbs  ance of any kind on his beat and  that the effect of the law exceeded his wildest imagination.  "To this I might add the testis  monials of dozens of the men to  me who I have known voted  "wet." They stated that the  effect of the law so far has alf  ready convinced them that the  state should always be dry. The  sudden emigration of the under  sirable element, petty thieves and  vagrants, has exceeded our fondest anticipation. The'tncreased  happiness of mobhers and fathers,  caused by the moral effect of the  law and the fact that pay cheques  are coming home in tact the first  time for years, is but one of the  very material benefits of the law  in so short a time.  "We in this state wonder why  we hestitated so long and whj  other communities hestitate tc  jive the benefits derived fron"  the licenses and profits of the  liquor traffic for the much mon  grand, moral and financial benefits that we have in so short a  time already enjoyed.  "Innumerable instances of advantages derived under the new  regime might be cited, but I  merely give a brief outline of  the very apparent results already  obtained in a brief time."  PROHIBITION IN ONTARIO  The Ontario government will  in the session of the legislature  just opened submit a bill giving  the province prohibition on the  principle of the Manitoba Liquor  Act. This bill when passed must  be submitted to a vote by the  people.  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  pOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  ^ Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Albekta,  the Yukon Territory, the North -west Territories und in a portion of the PROVINCE of  British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the A^ent or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the rights appi'.ed for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract ap-'  plied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating- the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full Quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon, If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  .furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  . For full information .application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of I?ominion Lands. ,  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30C90.  TheMason & Risch Pi  tano  of to-day will mat\z plain our  privilege to state with authority:  i  n  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADEl"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  Cff ^f us alten^  yo,"r Victor Record  ^J  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  j Mason & Risch Ltd.  I   738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  BUSINESS CARDS  Geoffrey K. Burnett   D. J. McGugan  C.E., B.C.L.8.. B.A.S.C.. B.C.L.S.,  A8S. M. CAN. SOC. C.E.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geoffrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & Burnett)  CIVIL ENGINEERS and  B.C. LAND  SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B. C.  City address���������New Westminster, B.C.  P. O. Box 886. Telephone 232.  fo  HOE  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Safes Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  jf the biggest fur buyers in the world  oid on your fur instead of one individual, house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  lending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES,  AGENCY, LTD. |  A POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  Dealers and Trappers  We pay highest price for  your furs and castorium,  also handle goods on  commission, advancing  2-3 of value, our charges  being 5 per cent, for  handling.  THE EDMONTON HIDE & FUR CO.  P. O. Box 863  EDMONTON, Alts.  157 McDougall Ave.  \A/HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \\THAT person so independent?  \X7HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer cf   the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola   farmers are  independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  HTHE REASONS  for this  enviable condi-  ���������*���������   tion of affairs   are   obvious  to  anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for. excellent crops.  Large and small fruits,, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  :d  'ELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  ���������  Home Dairying.  ---ID  By H. E. Walker, Provincial  Agriculturist.  CHURNING.  All the cream should be passed  through a finely perforated tin  strainer as it is put into the  churn.  Churning will be completed in)  the shortest time when the churn  isaboutone-third full. The churn  should never be more than half  full.  When color is used it should be  added to the cream just before  churning  is  commenced.      The  (Continued on page 4, column 2.)  Get "More Money" for your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in your section  SHIP YOUR FURS DIRECT to "SIIUHERT" the largest  house in the World dealing exclusively in NORTH AMERICAN RAW FUUS  a reliable���������responsible���������sate Fur House with an unblemished reputation existing for "more thun a third of a century," a lonK successful record of sending Fur .Shippers prompt.SATIS FACTORY  AND PROFITABLE returns. Write for"*FtX &bu!)trt &WvvtT."  the only reliable, accurate market report and pricelist published.  Write for It���������NOW���������it'������ FREE  AR   ^HIIRFRT   Inr������   25-27 WEST AUSTIN AVE.  . d. an u ucn. i, inc. Dcpt.c 67 Chicago. u.s.a.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months  0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. 0   Tear out and mail today, with amount of ������ub*cription enclosed ������!*! I|  '4  6ELLA  C66LA COURIEft  l  i  i  :u ti  irii  ii iji  ���������l'  ft  ���������i'  !>/  ' HI, it  H  Saturday, March 18,  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coasl ber  tween Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles  It will be to, your interest to keeP Wetl informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  i public. ��������� No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of. increased  sales that public advertising brings.  J^EAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are. beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  -    HOME DAIRYING���������Continued.  butter maker must be guided in  using color by the taste of their  customers. Too deep a shade is  repulsive.  ' The proper speed for the churn  depends upon its size. That speed  which  gives the greatest concussion will be the most effective.  If the cream has been properly  prepared and is at the'right temperature,  the churning may be  finished without adding water.  If for any reason the butter is  coming a little tco fast it is advisable "to  add, just when  the  cream is breaking, some water  with a little(salt in it, about two  degrees colder than the cream.  Two,common causes for cream  churning too'slow are:   (1) too  much cream in the churn and (2)  the temperature of,the.cream is  toolow.  When to stop the churn is an  important point   and   it   has a  threat deal to do with the quality  of the butter.. The churn should  ,->e stopped  when  the granules  ire   about   the   size  of   wheat  plains.      Over-churning" should  be avoided  as much as  under-  churning.  The buttermilk should  bedravvn off as soon as churning  is completed.  The butter should now be  washed and' only pure, clean  water should be used. In very  warm weather have the water  about 2 degrees colder than the  buttermilk, and.in'cold weather  from 2 to 3 degrees warmer.  As to the salting of butter it  is suggested that for prints, half  to three-quarters of an ounce per  pound be used, and for packed  butter not more than'one ounce  ,per pound.- In creamery butter-  making the salting- is done almost  entirely in . the churn. If the  amount of butter can be estimated it is the best method to follow. Add the salt as soon as the  washing water is drained off,  sifting on half of the salt evenly  over the .butter, then turn the  butter over with a wooden ladle  and sift on the balance of the  salt; put on the cover of the  churn and revolve slowly until  the butter is gathered into a solid  mass and allow it to lie in the  churn from ten to twenty minutes before working it.    If the  salting is done on the worker the 'convenient and easiest to keep  butter can be weighed and the clean.    Before using, it should  salting done accurately. ,'be   well   scalded   with    boiling  For farm buttermaking, a level: water and then cooled by revolv-  butter worker is preferable to a  butter bowl for working the butter.    In   working the  butter a  sliding or scraping motion should  be avoided.    When the butter is  sufficiently worked it should present a smooth, solid appearance  when cut with a sharp ladle, and  when pressed between the worker and the ladle the moisture  should show in small beads evenly distributed over the cut surface.  Butter which has .been salted  in the churn ��������� will  not need  as  much working as that salted on  the worker.   Only fine dairy salt  should be used and it should be  kept in a clean place, as salt will  absorb odours and this may injure the flavor of the butter.  PACKAGE.  If there is any one thing that  needs improvement in the dairy  butter business it is the package.  For local trade there should only  be one package, the brick-shaped  one pound-print, wrapped neatly  in parchment paper.    It is much  more economical to buy a good  printer than a poorer and cheaper kind.  CARE OF CHURN.  The barrel churn is the most  ing   a   few   minutes  with  cold  water in it.    After churning, a  pailful of cold water should be  put in the churn and revolved to  wash out any butter that may be  in it,  then  thoroughly scald it  with boiling water and leave it  open in a clean, dry place.    A  little salt sprinkled in the churn  after scalding helps to keep it  sweet.    We strongly recommend  washing the churn occasionally  with hot lime water to keep it  sweet.  IN GENERAL.  To get thel>est results in farm  dairy work:'  1. Keep good cows.  2. Fued them liberally.  3. Keep them comfortable and  clean when in" the stable.,  4. Skim a rich cream.  5. Keep thQ cream cool.  6. Churn at-Uhe temperature  that will give a flaky*granule in  "the butter.  7. Use. clean, pure water, for  washing butter, not more than  three degrees colder or warmer  than the buttermilk. ' "���������  8. Put the butter in neat, clean  attractive packages.  9. Keep everything in and  about the dairy clean and attractive. _  they WILL STAND IT-because they are.MADE TO WEAR  You are judged hy the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  NOBODY BUYS OVERALLS TO PLAY TRICKS WITH  I THEM SUCH AS IS SHOWN IN THE PICTURE ABOVE  IN WHICH FOUR MEN EXERTED" ALL THEIR STRENGTH '  IN THE EFFORT TO RIP A PAIR OF PEABODYS' OVERALLS  |  BUT IF THEY WILL STAND THIS-THEY WONT RIP ' \  UNDER THE HARDEST KIND OF LEGITIMATE WEAP l  WE  ARE   THE  AGENTS   OB  PEABODYS'  GUARANTEED OVERALLS.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  ^ TOWN. Do not talk���������support home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.    '  | We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of  Toronto. Let us quote .you.  KYDD BROS., LIFTED  Vancouver, B. C.  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  $1 a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C  HTHE two principal reasons  *   why   you. should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is nane better.  SECOND��������� i  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask .for "SHAMROCK"  Ogilvie's  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN IS!)-,  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandis  Dry Goods and Not!  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men V Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    ������  s  S3  I  I  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  Settlers, Prospectors,,Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mosl suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stai  Sums;  htb  HO]  BACON  HAMS  LARD  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisioners  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  ins  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods-Lowest Prices-Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C  CiOtfP  ^^^MWWMj^  V( VM������ywf*j^-M-������n^rvm  :���������, ;*l^iS)| fWWy,^ * w,^t W~. -~.-���������..

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