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Bella Coola Courier Jun 23, 1917

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 i  -- '$;���������  ~?~ 1*. "' i T " Z~  \C l^^A^^'OCf^���������f '  *���������>  ^  '*.  [i^^jf������iiiiiimi>iu|tfyiM������uhug^uuuiuij|^7iiuiiiiii^t  ������-^*j-      ni in     I      i r    ��������� i���������i    ���������_ *  IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCELLENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR MAY  Compiled by Mr. C. H. Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 62.   Minimum, 38.  Uigt est Max. (30th)76. Lowest Min. (4th) 27  Rainfall, l.bi.  Rainfall for the year (1916) 40.89 inches.  VOL. 5���������NO, 27  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, JUNE 23, 1917.  $1.00 a Year  War News for the Week  ���������&  Monday: London.���������Heavy fighting progresses in Belgium,  France, and along Austria-Italian fronts, with entente forces on  the aggressive. Rome reports considerable achievements by Alpine troops who captured strong Austrian positions on Corno  Cavento in eastern Trentino, at an altitude of 10,000 feet. Several Austrian guns were taken. Attacks on Italian positions in  other sections repulsed. British attacked today south of Ypres  and made substantial gains.   French are increasing their fire both  " in Aisne and Champagne regions. Indications point to a resumption of French offensive in those sectors. Berlin oxpcctir.g such  move by General Petain. ��������� German airships made raid east and  southeast coast of England early Sunday morning, one Zeppelin  brought down after the raiders dropped bombs in Kent.  Petrograd.���������Stirring proclamation placing council of workmen  and soldier delegates on record as irrevocably opposed to separate  ��������� peace adopted by council today. Proclamation prompted by Austrian efforts to lure Russia into separate peace. Russia will continue  war says fereizhtenko, minister of foreign affairs, in a definite  statement to the Root commission.  f ���������_   Tuesday. London.-Tremendous German attack thismorningon  newly won British positions east of Monchy le Proux, forced British to fall back from certain advanced posts. Gen. Haigh reports  mutual'artillery firing north of Scarpe and heavy hostile bombard-"  msnt of British positions near Ypres. British transport Camero-  nian, 5861 tons, sunk in Mediterranean, sixty-three lives lost.  Paris.��������� Attempted German attack northeast of Cerny on Aisne  ��������� front repulsed.   Violent artillery fighting near Hurteboise.  Washington.--America to have an- air navy of thirty thousand  ' machines is government's aeroplane program for first year of war  officially-announced"today.' - The; aeroplanes - are- to-'be-, speedier  than the allied battle planes made by .-France and,Great Britain.  Six hundred .'millions aske,d of Congress., Each plane-will cost  ;"aSout eighteen thousand dollars, speed seventy, to one hundred  umiles par hour.   Garman submarine toll of British "merchant shipping since"February 1, oyer sixteen hundred tons 322^yessel8,;;less  than sixteen hundred tons 135:   Arrivalsland sailings from';Britain  average, about 2500 weekly. , \ /^".y^'V'.'^1 " ,', ,.";."  '    'New;.Ydrk.--Norway undeserving of consideration. , Attitude of  ��������� Scandinavian kingdom has been" contemptible says.New/York  ;', Ti'rnss.   Stood calmly,  ' porteoV'into the Fatherland  s    "Wednesday:"' P,aris.--Germans', made'attack lastVhiglit on positions in Champagne between Mont Blond and Mont Carnillet, but  ' were repulsed. ' Two thousand shells fired at Rheims yesterday.  London.--Fighting on western front confined to raiding operations. The idea that the war will be won in the' air is more firmly  believed. British making elaborate plans for reprisals. Bonar  Law predicts more British raids. Vice-admiral Sims, U:S. navy,  baenappointed to take general chargeof operations of allied naval  .forces in Irish waters. Spain's crisis averted,- crucial, points at  issue between government; and army now settled. Affairs in Austria reached acute crisis through, formal br^eak, by Poles-with the  government. Poles" formally announced they will not deal with  the present cabinet. Thirty thousand Poles,said to have been executed. Professor Delmer, Berlin university, released two weeks  ago, says Huns fate is sealed Af crops.fail. People"how view another winter with horror. One-false step next six weeks spells  disaster, facing serious bread crisis and'would reduce ratioriYtill  further but dare not. German casualties during May more than  one hundred thousand.   Hon.. A.'J. Balfour back in the House,  Thursday: Rome.--Italians resumed offensive yesterday and  captured Austrianposition, Monte Ortigara, and 936 prisoners.  Paris.--Man power of German-'empire crumbling.. Enormous  losses of war eating up reserve forces rapidly says General De  Lacroux, French war expert. Germany has only half a million  mm to reinforce lines until November. Shift in tactics by Ger^  man high, command obviously forced by lack of reserves, lines  shortened to meet debit balance.   1919 class not available yeC  London.-Twenty-seven British ships of more than sixteen hundred tons sunk this week. Austrian cabinet resigned in body after  refusing the Poles demands. Sir. Arthur Currie appointed commander of Canadian armies at front. In royal proclamation Greek  king promised to carry out "brilliant'' policy of father, message  came as a shock to allies. The press asks if German* diplomacy  again triumphed in the Balkans;^demand his ejection.  Friday: London.--Gen. Haig"reviews advance of past seven  months. Operations since November reveals strategic plans behind attacks_during winter and spring. Enemy losses costly, numerous, objectives "cam6d'^ith::e^garative small loss by British.  Huns quietly withdraw from coro&y west of Lys, our patrols fail  to find single Prussian in district from Warneton southwards. It  is believed certain that'Germany will make another peace-effort  before end of July, basis pre war territorial holdings. Submarine  torpedoes British steamer then turned guns on lifeboats, killed 8  occupants. French recapture positions lost to Germans in yesterday's attack oh Aisne front.   Battlevteged with extreme violence.  Conscription Will  Soon Be Law  Ottawa, June21- -Conscription  will soon be law. Few Liberals  and Quebec Conservatives will  defeat amendment. Hon. Mr.  Hanna, Canada's food controller,  off to Washington to confer with  Mr. Hoover. Operation of Alberta and British Columbia coal  mines under' government direction was the recommendation to  cabinet by R. F. Green. Action  to be taken at once.  Washington, June 21.���������Week  between June 23 and 30, was this  afternoon designated by President Wilson as recruiting week.  Asks that seventy thousand volunteer for service with regular  arms. - Women demand right to  vote, banners for edification of  Russian misssion torn down by  angry men. Ask establishment  of real democracy, can be no real  democracy until women are enfranchised is assertion. Claimed  twenty million women denie_d  right to vote. ������  Montreal, June 21..��������� Three  t6wns*withiri a radius of forty  miles of Montreal were-visited  almost simultaneously early yesterday by'disastrous'fires." r Dam-  age nearly ar" million dollars.";^."  Would Hoist Conscription Bill for Six Months  Ottawa, June 22.--Over one  hundred thousand Canadians returned national service cards unanswered, believed to be principally by single men oi\ military  age, names of majority of then!  have been secured. Parliament  received a surprise last night on  the verge of adjournment when  J. A. Barrelte, Conservative, sec-  onded by another Conservative,  H. Achim, moved a six months  hoist on the conscription bill.  Hoist moved as an amendment  to Sir Wilfrid Laurier's amendment calling for a referendum.  No danger of amendments carrying. -Mr. Barrette would keep  the premier from visiting England, absorbs too much Imperial  sentiment on the trips. " 'Coal  mines in British Columbia and  Alberta to operated again in a  a few days. Minister of Labor  not specific, but content work is  to be'resumed}     -   ��������� \ ���������  , '-Boston,������June���������.21!,���������Opinion tff  Lord .Northcliffe, war just he^  ginning. "'Based his opinion on  result,of "experience,at front.  "i Buenos- Aires,-".June 21.��������� AV  "gentine'"newspapers say cannot  remain neutral, such 'attitude  against national interests:f  Copenhagen,1 JuneJJK^A German technical "weekly-calculates  that regular' Zeppelin-trips to  Americano be-apossibility-innot  distant future. \ '-*   '���������  "London, June 21.'���������Woman suffrage adopted -last nightdmthe  House by a vote of 330 to 56. - Tn  past few weeks 72 rebel centers  established in Ireland. "'No news  from western front. -   .-  Subs May Force Naval Fight  ���������,''"'   - -H -���������rr-j-.- *^ ���������-:,  yfiOBenJiag^n^ne^-Jbg^  continuance ^submarine cam-"'  paign "in' the opinion:; of;Xapt'ajri  K^ehl witter,jjGerman ,n^l|ex^  per^wm^timatelgg^vg^  eral naval battle bet ween'British?  and German fleets. German crit-  ic;blames fine weather for reduced^ shipping losses. -"-'* , ���������3 ;  Spring salmon   fishing   this try have every  reason to ray  week showed considerable improvement over the past week  and if the weather improves the  fun may last over another week.  A still larger crew of carpenters are at work on the buildings  of the Talio Fisheries plant. The  boilers, retorts and other machinery are on the spot ready.to be  installed as soon as the buildings  are ready. A supply of tins for  the holding of the salmon also  arrived.   'S.S. Tees of the Canadian Pacific coast service came in last  Saturday morning with a full  cargo of cannery supplies for the  Bella Coola and Talio canneries,  also a small shipment of oil for  B. Brynildsen & Co. It is many  years ago since the Tees was  here, though formerly she made  regular calls when in the mail  service. Three days were spent  here in unloading,the cargo and  trie steamer left;for ��������� Vancouver  f- SsrgJ^R^o^^Saugfstad^s  Russia Decides on Offensive  Petrograd, June 22.- Russia's  congress of soldiers and workmen today unanimously resolved  upon immediate Russian, o'ffen-  sive. , War, cabinet formed including leaders of Russian army,  navy and technical representatives. Martial law been proclaimed in Tomsk, western Siberia,  because of wholesale murders  and . robberies - committed by  criminals who granted amnesty  have joined the forces of militant anai*chists.  ������ambe" expected  tribute to the boys who voluntarily left this country to take  part in the defenseof ourempire.  Many of them have paid the supreme sacrifice, others have been  seriously wounded and for  months have suffered in hospitals. Many of them have received the highest honors-for  bravery and conduct.  (i  Some time ago, Major S. P.  McMordieof Prince Rupert, now  Colonel McMordie, received the,  D. S. 0. ''  Today northern people rejoice  thatCy.-Peck, now Colonel Peck,  officer commanding the famous  16th Canadian Scottish Regiment, hassreceived his D..S. O. *  In private life; Co!. McMordie  was a contractor and C6J. Peck  owns the Georgetown Saw Mills  *  and  other   interests ,in   Prince  Rupert.  ��������� It'is with pleasure'wenote that" .-   ,.  Robert, McMordie, a;; brother'"of        *  the' distinguished Colf^Mor'die;-''    ' '  ^il:^limpeTOlS^naC8oTa,>'^^  ��������� Our former townsman, now  medical sergeant, Arthur Goth-  ard in' writing from France to  friends here telling about the en:  gagement in which Sergt. Saug-  stad received his wound states  that the commanding officer was  killed from the shrapnel of the  same shell, this shows what close  shaves some of the boys are  having. Sergt. Gothard wishes  to be remembered to all Bella  Coola friends.  This is a telephone exchange on the Belgian front. It is connected with the firing line, and through it communication is possible between the general staff headquarters and the men actually  under fireiiri ah'advance against the enemy's positions.  The people of Anyox have contributed $44,098.10, to Red Cross  and Patriotic purposes .since the  month of July, 1915. This is a  very creditable showing- and reflects great credit on those who  have the collecting in hand as  well as the community for contributing so liberally.  It is now definitely-settled that  a former resident of Bella Coola,  Pte. David Young of the 3rd  Canadian Pioneer Battalion was  killed in action on the 23rd October last year. He was buried in  Bapaume Post Military Cemetery  Albert, France. This information was received here by a  friend of the soldier from the  Canadian Record office in London.  Mr. F. Kermode, curator of  the Provincial Museum at Victoria, accompanied by Dr. New-  combe, M. D. and botanist^ is  spending a week in town gathering up specimens for the museum  and botanical departments of the  province.    Prince Rupert in commonwith  all other parts of this north coun-  Pte.jH;l:Lv?Harris;':ai former  editor of the Courier, after taking part in the battle of Vimy  ridge is backTfTEhgland.' In the  trenches Pte". Harris developed  pleurisy in,the left side and was  sent to a hospital near Cheltenham. He is recuperating and of  course as soon as fit will go back  to have another go at Fritz.  Mr. E. Sande was up from his  logging camp on North Bentinck  and informed the Courier that  things were rushing and the logs  were coming in as fast as can be -  expected. Where the camp is  located the bay is exposed to  westerly winds and some trouble  has'been experienced in booming -  and holding logs, but this, has  been overcome to a' great extent  by the use of heavier material  for the holding of the big timber.  From Rivers Inlet comes the  news that fishing for sockeyes  .has already commenced though  very few salmon has put in an  appearance at this time. The  cold weather will naturally have  some effect on the run there as  well as farther north. On the  Skeena and Naas rivers the run  of spring salmon this year has  been next to a failure, though in  this Bella Coola has done very  well.  i  Sunday School  Church Service  -    10:45 a.m.  -   7:30p.m.  *  Preacher for Sunday���������Rev.  W. H. Gibson.  All Are Welcome.  ������������^iA'^flk>-NU������S.v������j^i������fc>-<j������U*������^>'6  o  %: BELLA COOLA COURIER  Saturday, June 23,  19 i 7  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella. Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1   Year  $1.00  6 Month*    0.75  3  Months    0.50  United Statet  1  Year V $1.50  United Kingdom  1  Year $1-00  Subscription! payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy,  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising Rates,  Office.  Ari'LY   AT  To CokrkspoNUKNTS���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will lw published, the  name and address of every writer of such letter*  mutt be given to the editor.  The Editor reserves the right to refuse publication of any letter. All manuscript ut writer's  risk.  'Pallia popult atiprnim rut lex.  SATURDAY, JUNE 23, 1917.  Cannot Compete.  A ���������: short time ago there was  quite an agitation over butter  and other food fats costing too  much and so could not be used  " by the poorer classes. A prominent physician claims that this  will lead to the undermining of  the constitution in the growing  up of future generations. A  delegation of leading men waited  on the Hon. Martin Burril, minister of agriculture, urging upon  him the desirability of starting  margarine plants in Canada to  overcome this food fat shortage.  The minister told the delegates  thatthefewere one hundred and  fifty million dollars invested in  ��������� creameries in Canada and he was  'not going, to allow any one to  compete with them although the  health of the nation was at stake.  o     o    o     o    o  Whether the feeding of babes  has anything to do with the food  fat question or not is beyond our  knowledge, it can be determined  by scientific research and experiments.   However, this we have  from a no less source than the  department of labor of the United  States which says: 'The investigation of infant mortality carried  out by the department of labor  shows that it varies from one  1 death to every four babies whose  fathers earn less than $450 per  year to one death among every  sixteen   babies   whose   fathers  earn $1050 or more per year."  s o     o     o     o     o  When the .earning power of a  parent is so small that their chil-  dren���������cannot be properly fed and  cared for, thereby rearing a  weak nation/or even keeping up  a higher death rate than among  those more favored, then it is  time that the nation itself becomes the guardian and see to  the proper bringing up of the  youngsters, that must after all  be the rearer of coming generations, as it has been aptly.said  that the "child is the father of  the man."  .Encourage Shipbuilding.  Shipbuilding is now a very  much live subject. Notbhlythe  warring nations, Jgujt neutral  countries are building ships at an  unheard of rate'to keep-pace with  the enormous loss 'of; tonnage  caused by the wanton destruction  of shipping by German submarines. Building and outfitting  'of vessels have taken .place in  Canada on ^the Atlantic coast,  and the past-year has seen the  completion of some on the Pacific coast as well.  Now that shipbuilding in'British Columbia has every prospect  of becoming a big industry, in  Victoria this year new yards are  to be opened and keels laid for  many vessels, while the Vancouver yards promise great increase  what is the terminus of the much  talked of railway, Prince Rupert,  doing; why no shipbuilding there?  The people of Canada have put  a lot of money into this road and  its undertakings, then why not  attempt to use its facilities, including the drydock which has  practically been lying idle since  its completion. Why are all the  ships being built in Victoria and  Vancouver? Is the Borden government trying to destroy the  Grand Trunk and-its terminal  that the people's money has lavishly been spent on?  ���������- o     o     o     o     o  The'pressis heralding the tearing up of the track of theG.T.P.  in Alberta. Is this the beginning of the end of this great undertaking? Why was not the  track of the Canadian Northern  torn up? Is the Canadian Bank  of Commerce the bankers to Mackenzie and Mann? Is Sir Thomas White, the finance minister  of Borden's .cabinet, a shareholder in this bankinginstit'ution?  Is this destruction of the G.T.P.  line done under the direction of  the Borden government? Why  was not the track of the Mackenzie & Mann road between  Kamloops and Vancouver torn  up if the rails are needed over  in France, as this section of B.  C. is served by'the C. P. R.  iiftSisiiKis  HAS BEEN  CANADA'S  FAVORITE  YEAST FOR  MORE THAN  30 YEARS  ^^WHliBtU^I  iiiiii  MAKE PERFECT  KfiUEirctN   The times are changed, and we  should change.  o    o     o    o    o  Among the exchanges last  week we received a copy of the  Comox Argus. Judging from the  general make up.and its full local  news columns The Argus will be  quite a booster for the Courtenay  section of the province. We also  congratulate Mr. A. II. Herd on  his enterprise as it certainly  shows some pluck in starting a  newspaper at this time.  Latest is that the' munition  board is going up toAlberni to  locate shipbuilding plants. Is  this so as to bring supplies wanted over the Canadian Northern  and Canadian Pacific roads and  thereby leaving the Grand Trunk  out of the whole transportation  business as has been the case  hereto'.  o    o     o    o     o  Themanagementof theG.T.P.  is without doubt a poor one and,  viewing it at long range, needs  to be buried. It looks as if the  other railroads with the aid of  the Borden government are making these troublesome times the  occasion to bury it.  Now the Liberals Can Share.  Some deluded individuals probably imagine that a government  that hasn't public opinion behind  it has no business being in office,  but that idea is old fashioned.  The modern thing to do is to wait  until the public opinion comes  around to the government's view  point, the' administration .meanwhile doing nothing as gracefully as possible, or messing up  what it attempts. If the public  never comes around to the administration's view, we presume  nothing would ever be done and  we would slump into'a policy of  masterful inactivity, without the  masterful.    Nevertheless, some  ������ Cr  exrpect a government to be more'  than an aggregation of,opportunists,   or composed   of  timid  statesmen who await the first  sign of popular approval before  venturing on any course of action.   Then again, some people  seem to imagine that all a government or a prime minister has  to do is to carry out a policy regardless of anybody or anything.  There have been insistent cries  that the Borden government was  weak  because it did not introduce conscription two years ago.  Wellj look at the opposition to  conscription now, when, the arguments in favor of it "are very  much stronger than they were  Teach him with a real, maaly  arm, a Remington UMC .22 rifle.  Give him Remington UMC ratable ammunition and enjoy seeing  his scores improve.  Don't ������������y "anything is '  good enough for boys."   It  1 isn't. Especially when you  can just as easily give him  Kemintrton UMC.     -     ,.  before'.Canada^ raised her voluntary armies.  To overcome conscription the  prime minister appears to have  gone to every length but one,  and that concerned ,with the  political fortunes of the government. Contrast the attitude of  Premier Borden with that of another leader, Premier Hughes of  Australia.  Like Premier Borden, the Australian leader had gone to London during the war and, similarly, had-pledged the full co-operation of; his country in the common task. He returned home  and introduced his conscription  measure against the determined  opposition of his own party. He  courted defeat for a principle.  He was defeated-but not crushed.' He stuck to his colors and  in the recently concluded general  election the "man who dared"  was returned to power by safe  majorities.  Premier Borden was as well  aware of the necessity of conscription in Canada as was Premier Hughes in Australia. ��������� Likewise "it is apparent that there  was opposition to the measure in  Australia  as   formidable,  in  a  political sense, as any which has  developed .in this country.   Yet  where Premier Hughes courageously and statesmanlike proceeded to demonstrate the responsibilities of government, Premier.  Borden   preferred   to   quibble.  First we had the National Service  scheme, which was but a play at  compulsory service.    It failed-to  accomplish anything but add to  our stock of statistics..   Then we  had the home defense plan. This  was a pathetic subterfuge, a cdn-  fession of weakness which was  at once recognized at its worth  throughout the country. -Finally,-  the administration   has   come  back to the point from which it  should never have deviated, but  even now it baulks and has arranged a coalition government  to share responsibility.'   But previous it had never shown any inclination to share the other functions of  government  with   its  opponents.  \ o    o - o    o    o  Was the Czar a Traitor?  An engineer who has lived foi  .i number of years in Petrograd,  recently wrote to his former  home paper in Drammen, Nor-  .vay, telling of the conditions in  Russia. ' Among other things he  says that at the time of the over-  Mackay Smith, Biair & Go. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  Wholesale  GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  DRY  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,  OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  ���������MADE   IN    B. C."  Prompt Attention Given Letter'Order*  throw of the czar there were  over,two hundred German officers and spys operating in the  Tsarsko Selo. the royal palace at  Petrograd, under the protection  of the czarina. He also states  that it was none too soon that  Nicholas Romanoff was relieved  of'his office as czar,'as it was just  a matter of a few clays before be  would have opened the Russian  eastern line and let the German  army, into Russia,* and arrange  for a separate peace, having the  German invasion as an excuse to  the allies for such a move.  HERE ARE SCIENTIFIC  FOOD FACTS  At. Normal Prices���������  Ten cents worth of "wheat flour contains 5440 units of energy.  Ten cents worth of beef contains 410 units of energy.  Ten cents worth of eggs contains 385 units of energy.  -Ten cents worth of fresh fish contains 245 units of energy. , ,  A pound of meat costing 25 cents contains LESS energy  than a pound of flour costing 4 to 6 cents.  And when the flour is  oyaJ  Standard Flour  the difference is still more in its favor because of its extra  strength���������produces"more loaves to the sack.  Here's the "high cost of living" problem solved.  Think it over���������then ask your dealer  for Royal Standard.  BEST  Mill STMIMM  .49 IBS  Look for the  CIRCLE "V"  Trade, Mark  ON   EVERY,SACK  ton m  18 iuat as apparent in .22 Rifles and Ammunition' aa in our  t highest priced goods.  For a hand-operating Repeater, choose the 16 Shot Remington UMC .22 Repeater. Or, select a Remington UMC Single  Shot.   Perfect satisfaction with either.  Remington UMC .22 short, .22 long and. 22 long rifle cartridges  are the most carefully made ammunition you can buy.      :  Go to the dealer who displays the Red.-Ball trade mark of  Remington UMC for guaranteed ammunition and  fire arms of every kind.  Remington Arms Union Metallic  Cartridge Company  (Contractor* to the British Imperial and Colonial  ���������"���������.������  Governments)  WWDS0B. OUT.    N*wY������k. U.SJL  Compare���������price for price���������-  GREAT  WEST  TETA  with the tea you are now using.  It's Better.  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., ltd.  j Wholesale Grocers . Vancouver, B. C  - ._   S. M. NEWTON  Thei.-tPrince.: Rupert Empire  man,--who is a-candidate for the  House of Commons for this Rid-  While others stand for what  will benefit their party, hg stands  for what will benefit these districts.       '  30E  30E  &  W  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT AND PASSENGER SERVICE  -     ��������� v ���������,-���������-. BETWEEN '   '  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  JS. S.      CamOSUn      Leaves Vancouver every  Thursday at 11 p.m.     (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Sundays a.m.  S. S. "Coquitlam" sails from Vancouver, fortnightly, carrying Gasoline and Explosives, will call  at Bella Coola by arrangement. "  For rates of Freights, Fares and other information, apply to  Head Office, Carrall St.,: Vancouver; or Geo.McGregOK,  agent, 1003 Government St., Victoria.  HOE  30E  w  in the Courier I.  5t>  - Saturday, June 23,. 1917  BELLA COOLA'COURIER  ������MK3E=OEJ  First Prize $5.  ^"s^'l Goad photographs  for reproduction of any of our TREES, etc., growing in the  Province, we offer the following prizes for good prints, any  size, all prints to becomeour property whether winners or not.  Prints to reach us at anytime before October 1st, 1917, but  priority of receipt will count in competitors' favor, and we are  open to receive pictures right away. No limit to number of  prints each competitor can send.  worth of our best grade of nursery  stock, customer's selection, for spring  1918 delivery, delivered free at your nearest station. Also two  prizes of $2.50 each in trees, etc. Name and address of sender  to be written lightly on back of prints..  Those who will be in the market for Trees, etc., for Spring 1918 should  write us NOW. This is very important. Our General and Rose Catalogs  and Price List are at your service. Orders -placed in the Summer get' the  best attention and the customer is sure-to get just what he orders.  We can always find room for a good salesman to work in practically  any part of the province.  The British Columbia Nurseries Co., Ltd.  1493 SEVENTH AVENUE WEST       ��������� *-      VANCOUVER, B. C.  BUSINESS CARDS  "    Italy and the War. '  With rolls and fancy,bread enr  tirely prohibited, two meatless  and three sweetless days a week,  only one meat course allowed_at  hotels and restaurants, butter no  longer procurable, vegetables at  prohibitive pri cos,'coal at $20 a  ton, sometimes'mounting to $45  and $50 the horrors of war as  they affect the. homes and families of the people of Italy will be  understood. And yet Italy has  its bright sides.   ''  A spirit of thrift has encompassed the imagination and form:  ed the habits of the people. In  1914 the national savings amounted to $1,519', 000,000, they reached last year���������despite diminished  exports and the closing of the  tourist trade, which' brings cash  to the amount of $20,000,000*per,  annum to the country���������no'less  than $1,600,000,000.  This saving'has been effected  by the,"fortunes of war." But  the woolen and cotton industries  Watch Repairs  Send your watch to us for guaranteed repairs at lowest prices.  A price given before proceeding with work. If not satisfactory, watch will be returned free  of expense.  O. B. ALLAN  Diamond Merchant���������Optician  Granville and Pender,Vancouver.B.C.  FARM LANDS  have prospered greatly, ancUall  those which were made for or  could be adapted to the output  of war material. Italy began to  rely upon, herself, industrially  speaking, more than she had ever  done before, and found,  after  600 dealers and trappers of B. C.,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers Jn the world  due experiment, that She could' bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  Oregon & California Railroad Co.  Grant Lands.���������Title to same revested in United States by Act of Congress dated June a, 1916. Two million three hundred thousand acres to be  opened for homesteads und sale. Timber and agricultural lands. Containing some of the best land left in the  United States. ' Now is the opportune  time, Large map showing lands by  sections und description of soil, climate, rainfall, elevations, etc. Postpaid One Dollar.  Grant Landi Locating Co., Box 610,  Portland, Oregon.      "*  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  ki-���������'- REGULATIONS  ���������*��������� \r * L     " ������������������ '  POAC MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion; in  ^^-Manixoba, Saskatchewan und alberta,  tb������ XVKON T,EKRITOBY, the NOBTH-WEST TERRITORIES and.in a portion of the Province of  BBtTjsu Colombia, may be ltcaed for a terra of  tweity-oxie years at an annual rental of SI an  acrel Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to toe Agent or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are Bituated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections.'or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee-pf $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output Of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished nt least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but thu lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of JIU.OO an acre.  'For full information application should be  made to Che Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of L\>Riinioti l.undn.  W. W. CORY.  '   '   ' Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.~Unauthorised publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������306'JO.  30C  Fur Sales Agency  For building- up red-blooded  manhood, Canada has the finest  climate on the surface of the  globe.  Land Notices  not only produce the articles she  required, 'but could so at an economic price which had at first  seemed doubtful. Unemployment  naturally ceased to be a problem  and a notable symptom was the  increase in the savings of the  country.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  Nothing is difficult to the brave  and faithful.  DISTBICT  OF  COAST���������BANOE   III.  Take Notice that Oliver Handy, of  Chezacut, B. C, occupation farmer, in-  price always. " tends-to'apply for permission to lease  We hold sales monthly, but will ad-. thefollowing described lands: ���������  vance 75 per cent, of value on receipt, j    Commencing at a post planted   120  sending balance immediately after sale,   chains west and 60 chains south of Mile  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.   Post 33, 124th Meridian, thence north  twenty chains, thence east forty chains,  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  thenqe. south twenty chains, thence west  fortychams to point of commencement.  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  \o\ |( IOI z  OLIVER-HANDY.  Dated May 25, 1917:''    ���������    0  , "' June' 23-Aug.  18  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  PACIFIC MILK  Should be used for coffee,  tea, pudding, whipped  cream and all'cereals.  YOU'LL LIKE PACIFIC"  FOOD PRODUCTS CO., LTD., Manufacturers  Office: 322 DRAKE STREET,- VANCOUVER, B. C.  Wear the "Dayfoot'  Solid Leather  MADE FOR B. C. WEATHER  G.B. DAYFOOT andCo'y"  Georgetown, Ont. and  303 Mercantile Building  Vancouver, B. C.  Comfort and luxury'assured at a  minimum cost. Many Prince Rupert testimonials pro"ve its worth  Have You Got $20?  If not your credit is good'  Harry Hanson  Special Water Heater  (Patented in Canada)  Installed in your kitchen range  will givecyou all the hot water  you can use within thirty minutes  after fire is started. 121 now in  use in Prince Rupert and every  user a booster. You don't know  hot water, comforts till you have  'seen these results. $20.00 is the  LjCost. Absolutely no charge unless satisfactory.  A bath supply within twenty minutes  after fire is started and then a new supply eoery twenty minutes thereafter.  Wall radiators can also be run from  your hot water boiler and other rooms  heated with no extra'cost for fuel.  The Result Will Surprise You  Investigate!   ���������  Harry Hanson^k^'0  P. O. Box 395  139 2nd Ave., Prince Rupert, B.C.  DISTBICT   OF   COAST���������RANGE   III. -  Take Notice that Gilbert Axford,'of  Chezacut,��������� B. C, occupation farmer, intends to apply for permission to lease  the following described lands:  ���������    Commencing at 'a post planted twenty  ' chains north of the northwest corner of  Lo.������" 1077/ Range  3,   Coast'District,  thence  north   twenty   chains', -thence  east'twenty chains, thence south twenty  .chains, .thence west twenty'chains to  point of commencement.  |     -'������������������'-'      -1.      GILBERT AXFORD/  Dated, May 19, 1917. ���������   , . N  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  Because it is the flavor that,  counts  and   that's where.  NABOB leads.   'Cry it at ^  breakfast tomorrow.  Kelly, Douglas & Co. Lid.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  DISTBICT  OV   COAST���������BAHGE   III.  Take Notice that Gilbert Axford, of  Chezacut, .B. C, occupation farmer, in-  ��������� tends  to apply for permission to lease  the following described lands:  Commencing at a post, planted forty  chains east and forty chains south from  . the southeast corner of Lot 1077, Range  ' 3, Coast District, thence east twenty  chains',   thence south  twenty chains,  , thence   west   twenty  chains, , thence  north twenty chains to point of commencement.  GILBERT AXFORD.  Dated,- May' 19, 1917'.  June 23--Aug. 18  i VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  COAST���������BANOE   XII,  that  Earl Neece,   of  To make a hig catch-  first get your tackle!  IOME call it  "Luck "-and  some "Experience!"  But one point all  good fishermen agree  on is that our store  is Fishermen's Head-  Quarters.  For minnows or  sharks���������we can fit you  out.  Ours is a dandy line  ������������������and it will interest  you.  dxbtsucx or  Take ! Notice  Alexis Creek. B.C., occupation farmer,  intends to apply for permission to lease  the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted about  one mile distant and in a westerly direction from Mile Post 42, 124th Meridian,  thence north twenty chains, thence  west twenty chains, thence south twenty  chains, 'thence east twenty chains to  point of commencement.  .   ' EARL NEECE_  Dated, March 17, 1917.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  RfMiNCION  Sportsmen '*  Headquarters  And how  .about shooting?  We carry the renowned." Remingtoa  , UMC, line of Arms an$  Ammunition. A full  fresh stock at all times.  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO.  DISTBICT  OP   COAST���������BAJTOB   III.  Take Notice that Earl Neece, of  Alexis Creek, B.C., occupation farmer,  intends to apply for permission to  lease the following described land:        i  Commencing at a post planted about  two miles distant and in a westerly  direction from the.43rd Mile Post, 124th  meridian, thence south twenty chains,  thence west twenty chains, thence  north twenty chains, thence east twenty  chains to point of commencement.  EARL NEECE.  Dated, March 17, 1917.  J'ne 2--July 28.  szasstesgaaa  / heMasonC? txischPiano  "NO  of to-day will mak? plain our  privilege to state with authority:  FINER  PIANO MADE!  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  It  Let us attend your Victor Record  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.       -Write for Catalogue  /  1 Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  KisSasssss  r^  S]r(D)j[S][  ^L/HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  1X7HAT person so independent?  \Xf HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola  farmers are independent;'  they are strangers to hard times.  f*  ��������� i  *                                                          '  V ���������'^%,"'Si;ji^Vi',;%'^/^i^.-A;; '%.\.$  ������*~hSm������h������|9  W^^^KfrH^^sK  WSmmmSBm  ^K^^^t^KK^ ?%  BvjS*?S^^r5i,B  SsfcjS^?'  '^i^^^M^^m^^X  ������������f'f-'to  ~9r~jtxr     MaVMHuHaWBjjMEHffi  ^W^F^I  View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  "THE REASONS for this enviable condi-  ���������*��������� tion, of- affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  ���������" ;'Tne=ian"d is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops. ' .  ��������� Latge and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best'advantage.  This fact was established at the- Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  Sm^ country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  vdlBB  SUBSCRIPTION  RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subtcriptiom Payable in Advance.  Wei.      ': ~    -j*     ��������������� '      *-  Mf%    '    ��������� CANADA.    ���������      -  I  One Year '. $1.00  *.- Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  "   United Kingdom and the Continent.  ..- One Year. ...........$1.00  ..���������:.." <���������>���������'-,���������������������������    v.-.  ���������     .  ..   ��������� ���������-������������������  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C. v-  ?  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P.0 N   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  Saturday, June 23,   19l7  m  HOE  0  scrbie  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coast between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles  // will he to your interest to, keeP WeH informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public. No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  OEAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let u^ do your job printing.   We will do it right.  DU1LD UP YOUR HOME  TOWN. Do not talk���������support home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  Italy's Part in the War.  Many have been the guesses  made why the Germans failed to  take Paris. Whatever the reason, Paris was saved and the original plan of Germany winning  the war in short time was upset.  Former minister of public works  in the Italian government, Au-  gusto Ciuffelli, and now a mem-  bnr of tlie Italian war mission to  America sheds some light on the  subject. Italy's action helped  France throw back the Germans  at the Marne and also weakened  the German-Austro offensive on  Russia. In both eases, lie said,  Italy's attitude was most'opportune.  "Upon Italy's declaration-of  neutrality at the outbreak of the  war" said Ciuffelli, "France was  able to withdraw one-half million  men from our<frontier and throw  them across the German path before Paris. "At that time France  was pressed for trained men and  supplies and the British army  was not yet mobilized. Without  Italy's action, the Germans would  probably have entered Paris.  "Similarly, Italy's actual "entrance into the war in May, 1915,  tremendously aided the retreating and disorganized Russian armies and created such a diversion  as to save Russia from being reduced to impotence.  "Again, Italy's action was decisive.  "If Italy had been inspired by  lust of conquest she could easily  have joined with Germany whose  victory would have been tremendously facilitated by her intervention. But Italy could, not  make herself a party to "the aggression of Austria upon Serbia,  or aid in a war featured, by the  invasion of Belgium. Italy could  not join the two imperial dynasties which dreamed of world  domination on the principle that  might makes right.  "Italy's sacrifice in this war  has been staggering. We now  have four  million   men   under  Canada's Boys Want Smokes!  Will You Help?  If so, Mr. Francis R. Jones will.be pleased to answer any enquiries addressed to the Canadian Office of the Over-Seas Club,  Room 28, Windsor HoteK 'Montreal, and will be glad to supply  Collecting Books, Contribution Cards, Boxes and Circulars  to any who are willing to assist.  $1 a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  30E  ������  "THE two principal reasons  A   why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BACON  HAMS  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.,  arms. ' Our front is 540 kilometres long, greater than the whole  French and Belgian front. Every  yard we have conquered has cost  us terribly. ���������������  "Some of our heavy guns are  fighting from an elevation of  over two miles on peaks 9000 feet  high. Our roads and supply-lines  in many cases have been cut  through solid ice. A whole new  human centre has been built up  in the most inaccessible part of  the Alps.  ,' "This must be the last war.  Nations can not in the future  squander all their money.on military preparedness. The new  spirit must make us live together in the ideals of peace and  justice. Italy is eager to take  her place in a new world organized for peace, just as on a smaller scale at" the Algeciras conference she made possible the international agreement on Morocco."  The biggest steamer on the*  Great Lakes is owned by a Canadian steamship line. She was  built at Port Arthur, is 625 feet  long, and has a grain capacity of  425,000 bushels. .  French Co-operation.  Eight French farmers, whose  farms adjoin.and embrace nearly  600.acres alj told, last January  formed a co-operative plowing  association for the purpose of  enabling them to get through  with their spring plowing despite  labor scarcity. They secured a  25-horse-power" tractor and a  three-furrow plow, the expense  of the work performed by the"  machine to be rated according to  the area ' cultivated for each  member. Lots were drawn for  the first use of the plow, and  after the, machine has been  around once the order will be re-  verseed, but in all cases preference is to be given for the heavier  land, which can be plowed only  in fine weather. -  Which Do You See?  'Twixt optimist and pessimist the  difference is droll;  The optim'ist sees the doughnut,  the pessimist the .holeN.  Don't worry about your work,  Do what you can, let the rest go,  and smile all the time.  Be pleasant until ten o'clock in  the morning, and the restof the  day will take care of itself.  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  f  P." BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provinioners  Calgary    Vancouver     Edmonton  CLUB OFFER  We have pleasure in announcing that we have made arrangements with two of the leading weekly publications  so that our subscribers may have the best of reading at  substantially reduced rates. . '  ^  The Courier   . ;.    .       .  Farmers Advocate & Home Journal,  .'$i.o.o  q .'.'���������������������������'���������  eg   1.50 -..-���������Both-paper.  -   .���������_������������������   tor  .  $2.00  $2.50  The Courier   ..      .      ���������!.  Canadian Countryman, Toronto  . $1:00   D iL  ��������� ���������   -n.  Both papers  ���������__���������-:   tor  .  $2.50   :  $2.00  The Courier   .  Family Herald & Weekly Star, Montreal"V. 1.00   rQr  ^���������00    Both papers  .   $1.75  $2.00  %;  The four papers may be had, for $4.50.  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1895.  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  /'  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys- and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  iri all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes    $    $  Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the most suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Varnishes -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.    Feed and Grain of ail sorts  kept on hand.   Prompt service  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  RAW FURS BO0GHT AND SOLD  B.BRYN1LDSEN  jjm,' urn, i y jwiwuq  jgssangsE  KM  ^waS  w ������  ������������������:������������������'��������� i,'i#:^\  ; '���������'. ^Mf:.���������"���������;������������������������/ ' ���������"  '    'V.'r't/'i.'/i.'l'-''''   V* ' '  .        ' i  ... w.T~r     -������������������/   ��������� IBB'  ��������� . yi :  -     ^    .'.'  ^,*:,^,'���������'    ,  <''.,. i  J-Ui  '������������������������>���������'  %  , ���������*  IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCELLENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR MAY  Compiled  by  Mr. C. H.  Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.-  Temperature: Maximum, 62.   Minimum, 38.  Higl.est Max. (30th)76. Lowest Min. (.4th) 27  Rainfall,  1.54.  Rainfall for the year (1916) 40.89 inches.  . ,'ijiV  5 'n'  'OL. 5-NO. 27  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, JUNE 23,  1917.  $1.00 a Year  War News for the Week  Monday:    London. ��������� Heavy  fighting progresses   in   Belgium,  ranee,'and along Austria-Italian fronts, with entente forces on  ne aggressive.    Rome reports considerable achievements by Aline troops who captured  strong Austrian  positions on Corno  avento in eastern Trentino, at an altitude of 10,000 feet.   Sev-  ral Austrian guns were taken.   Attacks on Italian positions in  ther sections repulsed.    British attacked today south of Ypres  nd made substantial gains.    French are increasing their fire both  n Aisne and Champagne regions.   Indications point to a resump-  ion of French offensive in those sectors.    Berlin expecting such  ove by General Petain.    German airships made raid east and  outheast coast of England early Sunday morning, one Zeppelin  .irought down after the raiders dropped bombs in Kent.  Petrograd.���������Stirring proclamation placing council of workmen  ni soldier delegates on record as irrevocably opposed to separate  eaceadopted by council today. Proclamation prompted by Austr.i-  n efforts to lure Russia into separate peace.   Russia will continue  ar says Tereizhtenko, minister of foreign affairs, in a definite  tatement to the Root commission.  Tuesday.    London.--Tremendous German attack thismorningon  ewly won British positions east of Monchy le Proux, forced Brit-  to-fall back from certain advanced posts.    Gen. Haigh reports  utu'al artillery firing north of Scarpe and heavy hostile bombard-  2nt of British positions near Ypres.    British transport Camero-  ian, 5861 tons, sunk in Mediterranean, sixty-three lives lost.  Paris.���������Attempted German attack northeast of Cerny on Aisne  ront repulsed.    Violent artillery fighting near Hurteboise.  Washington.-America to have an air navy of thirty thousand  achines is government's aeroplane program for first year of war  ffimailjr^aTmoutrced''today.v ^ The-aeroplanes-are-to *be* speedier  han the allied, battle planes made by .France and Great Britain,  ix hundred/millions asked of Congress.   Each plane will cost  bbiitVeight'een thousand dollars, speed seventy to one hundred  ifet^i^hour'.    Garman submarine toll of British merchant s,h\p-  ing-SincJ^F/ebruary 1, oyer sixteen hundred tons 322*vessels^less  ha^fsi^teeB^u^dred tons 135:  "Arrivals and sailings f romiBritain  verag^^out 2500 weekly. -   ;   ' \,"'  'NewsYOTk:"--Norway undeserving of consideration. Attitude of  candinayiati kingdom has been" contemptible says.New York  iral^i ^Stood'calmly aside while ships Were sunk." arid' nicttjefex^  or1!e^intoj;lirFatherland;: \ ; V;V   "���������- ; -?#V*''-������ ':!''.>:'I  Wednesday:   Paris.-Germans.made attack last:;nighi on posi-  fsh  Conscription Will  Soon Be Law  Ottawa, June21���������Conscription  will soon be law. Few Liberals  and Quebec Conservatives will  defeat amendment. Hon. Mr.  Hanna, Canada's food controller,  off to Washington to confer with  Mr. Hoover. Operation of Alberta and British Columbia coal  mines under government direction was the recommendation to  cabinet by R. F. Green. Action  to be taken at'once.  Washington, June 21.-��������� Week  between June 23 and 30, Was this  afternoon designated by President Wilson as recruiting week.  Asks that seventy thousand volunteer for service with regular  arms. Women demand right to  vote, banners for edification of  Russian misssion torn down by  angry men. Ask establishment  of real democracy, can be no real  democracy until women are enfranchised is assertion. Claimed  twenty million women denied  right to vote.  Montreal, June 21.��������� Three  tow'n������v7ithin a radius of forty  miles of Montreal were visited  almost'simultaneously early yesterday by disastrous fires. Dani-  age nearly a million dollars. T^.  Would Hoist Conscription Bill for Six Months  Ottawa, June 22.���������Over one  hundred thousand Canadians returned national service cards unanswered, believed to be principally by single men of, military  age, names of majority of theni  have been secured. Parliament  received a surprise last night oh  the verge of adjournment when  J. A. Barrette, Conservative, seconded by another Conservative,  H; Aohim, moved a six months  hoist on the conscription bill.  Hoist moved as an amendment  to Sir Wilfrid Laurier's amendment calling for a referendum.  No danger of amendments carry-,  ing. Mr. Barrette would keep  the premier from visiting England, absorbs too much Imperial  sentiment on the trips. 'Coal  mines in British Columbia and  Alberta, to operated again in a  a few days. Minister of Labor  not specific, but content work is  to be resumed.  Spring salmon fishing this  week showed considerable improvement over the past week  and if the weather improves the  run may last over another week.  Subs May Force Naval Fight  'Boston, June 21.��������� ObiniorTot  Lord Northcliffe, war just be:  ginning. Based his opinion on  result of experience at front.  i^CQPSnJhagen, JuneJ2t-Stead^  continuance qfi-submavine campaign in the -opinion! of;-Captain  Kuehlwitter,. German inaya'l^ex^-  pert,,wilUultimate'ly rfpfce'/gerf-;  eral'tfaval battle between-British'  ���������   / '>��������� *-_��������� ---"���������*      * .' *  and German fleets.   German ent-  ���������.���������maWKA^U  tions in Champagne between Mont Blond and Mont Carnillet, but  'rare repulsed.    Two thousand shells fired at Rheims yesterday.  London.-Fighting on western -'front confined to raiding operations. The idea that the war will be won in the air is more firmly  Sieved.    British making elaborate plans for reprisals.    Bonar  iiw predicts more British raids:   Vice-admiral Sims, U. S. navy,  ien appointed to take general charge of operationsof allied naval  forces in Irish waters. Spain's crisis averted, crucial..points at  issue between-government-and army now settled. Affairs in Austria reached acute crisis through formal break, by Poles with the  coverhment.    Poles' formally announced they will not deal with  le present cabinet. Thirty thousand Poles said to have been executed. Professor Delmer, Berlin university, released two weeks  igo, says Huns fate is sealed .if crops fail. People now view an-  )tKer wintei^with horror. One false step next six weeks spells  lisaster, facing serious bread crisis and would reduce ration still  further but dare not. Gertnan casualties during May more tnan  >ne: hundredpousand.    Hon. A.M. Balfour back in the House.  Thursday:' Rome!-Italians resumed  offensive yesterday and  aptured Austrian position, Monte Ortigara, and 936 prisoners.  Paris.-Man power of German empire crumbling.   Enormous  osses of war eating up reserve forces rapidly says General De  acroux, French war expert.    Germany has only half a million  jn to reinforce lines until November.    Shift in tactics by Ger^  an high command obviously forced by lack of reserves, lines  hortened to meet debit balance.   1919 class not available yet.  London.-Twenty-seven British ships of more than sixteen hundred tons sunk this week.    Austrian cabinetresigned in body after  efusing tlie Poles demands.    Sir Arthur Curne appointed com-  ander of Canadian armies at front.    In royal proclamation Greek  ing promised to carry out -brilliant" policy of father   message  .came as a shock to allies.   The press asks if German diplomacy  again triumphed in the Balkans;..'demand his ejection.  Friday:    London.-GenTHaig reviews  advance of past seven  imonths.    Operations since November reveals strategic plans behind attacks during winter and spring.    Enemy losses costly, numerous objectives carrie-dwith;cSlftparative small loss by Britis-h  iHuns quietly withdraw from cWfry west of Lys, our patrols fail  tto find single Prussian in district from Warneton southwards   It  !is believed certain that Germany will make another peace effort  ������ before end of July, basis pre war territorial holdings    ^b.m*"n������  ^torpedoes British steamer then turned guns on lifeboats, killed ������  [occupants.    French recapture positions lost to Germans in yesterday's attack on Aisne front.   Battle Waged with extreme violence.  Buenos Aires,'June 21.���������Argentine' newspapers say cannot  remain neutral, such "attitude  against national interests:" ;  Copenhagen, June 21.:���������A German technical weekly-calculates  that regular Zeppelin trips to  America to be a possibility in-not  distant future.   .  ic'blames fine weather for reduced shipping- losses. >  A still larger crew of carpenters are at work on the buildings  of the Talio Fisheries plant. The  boilers, retorts and other machinery are on the spot ready to be I  installed as soon as thebuildings  are ready. A supply of tins for  the holding of the salmon also  arrived. ���������'.'���������   S.S. Tees of the Canadian Pacific coast service came in last  Saturday morning with a full  cargo of cannery supplier for the  Bella Coola and Talio canneries,  also a small shipment of oil for  B. Brynildsen & Co. It is many  years ago since the Tees was  here, though formerly she made  regular calls when in the mail  service. Three days were spent  here in unloading the cargo and  the steamer left for Vancouver  Monday, ji igh W,^  v -^\ il"%*-^'P-^,i-5*  ' London, June 21.���������Woman suffrage adopted last night in the  House by a vote of 330 to 56. In  past few weeks 72 rebel centers  established in Ireland. No news  from western front.   .  Russia Decides on Offensive  Petrograd, June 22.- Russia's  congress of soldiers and workmen today unanimously resolved  upon immediate Russian Offensive. War cabinet formed including leaders of Russian army,  navy and technical representative's. Martial law been proclaimed in Tomsk, western Siberia,  because of wholesale "murders  and . robberies - committed by  criminals who granted amnesty  have joined the forces of mili  tant anarchists.  7^-:#^:$^#%- Vr^^r-^u - - *���������  Se&tland.'&ari'd4sJ,doing:AS-wellvas  ���������can be expected.      _ .  * ,   > i; r  Our former townsman, now  medical sergeant, Arthur Goth-  ard in writing from France to  friends here telling about the engagement in which Sergt. Saug-  stad received his wound states  that the commanding officer was  killed from the shrapnel of the  same shell, this shows what close  shaves some of the boys are  having. Sergt. Gothard wishes  to be remembered to all Bella  Coola friends.  try have every reason to pay  tribute to the boys who voluntarily left this country to take  part in the defense of our empire.  Many of them have paid the supreme sacrifice, others have been  seriously wounded and for  months have suffered in hospitals. Many of them have received the highest honors,for  bravery and conduct.  Some time ago, Major S. P.  McMordie of Prince Rupert, now  Colonel McMordie, received, the  D. S. 0.  Today northern people rejoice  that Cy.-Peck, now Colonel Peck,  officer commanding the famous  16th Canadian Scottish Regiment, has, received his D. S. O. <*  In private life; Col. McMordie  was a contractor and Col. Peck  owns the Georgetown Saw Mills  and other interests in Prince  Rupert.  It is with pleasure we no'te that  Robert McMordie, a brother of  the distinguished Col: Mbr'die,  "w~a^EeacKing s^^c^Ta^BSTlaXb'oTa'1 ���������  nowSw#r\^the^forcesfs1o]ncrjS(wJhe're ^ ^k  abroad.*������^--^ft-- - a *���������$->   <���������"���������    *%&  abroad. <r������ ;--  ^JSS^'  "ig&g.  This is a telephone exchange on the Belgian front. It is connected with the firing line, and through it communication is possible between the general staff headquarters and the men actually  under fire in an advance against the enemy's positions.  The people of Anyox have contributed $44,098.10 to Red Cross  and Patriotic purposes .since the  month of July, 1915. This is a  very creditable showing- and reflects great credit on those who  have the collecting in hand as  well as the community for contributing so liberally.  It is now definitely-settled that  a former resident of Bella Coola,  Pte. David Young of the 3rd  Canadian Pioneer Battalion was  killed in action on the 23rd October last year. He was buried in  Bapaume Post Military Cemetery  Albert, France. This information was received here by a  friend of the soldier from the  Canadian Record office in London.  Mr. F. Kermode, curator of  the Provincial Museum at Victoria, accompanied by Dr. New-  combe, M. D. and botanist, is  spendinga week in town gathering up specimens for the museum  and botanical departments of the  province.   Prince Rupert in common with  all other parts of this north coun-  -"; Pte.J^!H.';vD'^Har'ri's>' a "former  editor of the Courier, after tak- ���������  ing part in the battle of Vimy  ridge'is'bacFTrTEngland^ In the  trenches Pte~. Harris developed  pleurisy in the left side and was  sent to a hospital near Cheltenham. He is recuperating and of  course as soon as fit will go back  to have another go at Fritz.  Mr. E. Sande was up from his  logging camp on North Bentinck  and informed the Courier that  things were rushing and the logs  were coming in as fast as can be ���������  expected.     Where the camp is  located the  bay is  exposed to  westerly winds and some trouble -  has-been experienced in booming -  and holding logs, but this ��������� has ���������  been overcome to a great extent  by the use of heavier material  for the holding of the big timber.  From Rivers Inlet comes the  news that fishing for sockeyes  has already commenced though  very few salmon has put in an  appearance at this time. The  cold weather will naturally have  some effect on the run there as  well as farther north. On the .  Skeena and Naas rivers the run  of spring salmon this year has  been next to a failure, though in  this Bella Coola has done very  well.  ipV  c  ^rtr>  (Elutrrit Nntir?  Sunday School  Church Service  10:45 a. m.  7:30 p.m.  d  Preacher for Sunday���������Rev.  W. H. Gibson.  All Are Welcome.  OO <A<J������^-������iJIC^O-,<JW^'"<JI*^' *^ ��������� BELLA GOOLACOURljErR  SUBSCRIPTION RATES .-  .Canada  1   Year   6 Months      3 Month* --   United States  1   zear........?-j..;--���������������-������-.  United Kingdor  I  Year    $1.50   $1.00  r-pi     - />        > completion of some on the Paci-  I llC ; V^OUTier j fic coast as well.  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by.    Now that shipbuilding in Brit-  the Bella COOLA.PUBUSHLSG Co. Ltd. j.^ Co]umbia has every prospect   ��������� ( ���������    "  = "iof becoming a big industry, in  i Victoria this year new* yards are  $i.oo ; to be opened and keels laid for  ������-751 many vessels, while the Vaneou-  030 . . .  ver yards promise great increase  what is the terminus of the much  talked of railway, Prince Rupert,  doing; why no shipbuilding there?  The people of Canada have put  a lot of money into this road and  its undertakings, then why not  attempt to use its facilities, including the drydock which has  practically been lying idle since  its completion. Why are all the  ships being built in Victoria and  Vancouver? Is the Borden government trying to destroy the  Grand Trunk and its terminal  that the people's money has lavishly been spent on?  YEASliAKES  Sa-wcrrptioa*': payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please-notify the management  at ouce. Changes'in address shouM be  sent in as soon as possible. -  FOR  Advertising Rates,  Apply at  Office.  CANADA'S  FAVORITE  YEAST FOR  MORE THAN  OYEARS  mtkh  HAKE PERFECT  ^  ���������'    EVREAD    :v'r $  MADE IN CANADA  JiE*0*"0'^^!  To CoaaESFOKD-aJTS���������WhOe unobjecaooahJe sn-  oayxooai coauxroaisatioos will be published, toe  ���������n������e ������ad nrt'JT*-'"* of every writer of such letters  mest be srrren to the editor.  The Editor reserves the rizfal to refuse publication of any letter. All manuscript K writer a  risk.  'Pallia jinpiilt sttpirma tst tex.  SATURDAY, JUNE 23, 1917.  Cannot Compete  A:short time  quite an agitation  and/other food fats costing too  much and so could not be used  by the poorer classes. A prominent physician claims that this  will lead to the undermining of  the constitution in the growing  up of future generations. A  delegation of leading men waited  , on the.Hon. Martin Burril, minister of agriculture, urging upon  him tHe desirability of starting  margarine plants in Canada to  overcome this food fat shortage.  The minister told the delegates  that.there were one hundred and  fifty million' dollars invested in  creameries in Canada and he was  not going to~ allow any one to  compete with.them although the  health of the nation was'at stake.  o    'o     C     C      O        .- "  Whether the feeding of babes  has anything.to do with the food  fat question or not is beyond our  knowledge, it can be determined  by scientific research and experiments. However, this we have  from a no less source than the  department of labor of the United  States which says: "The investigation of infant mortality carried  out by the. department of labor  shows that it varies from one  deatli to every four babies whose  fathers earn less than $450 per  year to one death among every  sixteen babies whose fathers  earn % 1050 or more.per year."  ... V- o    o    a_ c    o���������'������������������  When the .earning'power of a  ���������  %  parent is sosmall that their ehil-  drenCcannot;"be properly fed and  cared for, "thereby rearing a  weak nationfor even keeping up  a higher death rate than among  those more favored, then it is  time that the nation itself becomes the guardian and see to  the proper bringing up of the"  youngsters, that must after all  be the rearer of coming generations, as it has been aptly said  that the "child is the father of  the man." "      - '  o   : o     o     o     n  Encourage Shipbuilding.  Shipbuilding is now a very  much live subject. Not only the  warring nations, &������p neutral  countries are building ships at an  unheard of rate'to keep:pace with  the enormous loss of' tonnage  caused by the wanton destruction  of shipping by German submarines. Building and outfitting  of vessels have taken place in  Canada on %he Atlantic coast.  and the past- year has seen the  The times are changed, and we  should change.  j tefor^Canada; raised her. volun-  | tary armies.  To-overcome conscription the  prime minister", appears to have  Igone to every length-but one,  Und that concerned, with the  'political fortunes of the government. Contrast the attitude of  j Premier Borden with that of another leader, Premier Hughes of  | Australia.  j Like Premier Borden, the Aus-  j tralian /leader had gone to Lon-  jdon during the war and, similarly, had'pledged the full co-opera-  tionjof i:his country in the common, task. He returned home  and introduced his conscription  measure against the determined  opposition of his own party.    He  Among the exchanges J ast  week we received a copy of the  Comox Argus. Judging from the  general make up and its full local'courted defeat for a principle  He was defeated���������but not crushed." He stuck to his colors and  Thepressis heralding the tearing up of the track of the G. T. P.  ago there was in Alberto.   Is this the beginn-  over  butter) in? of the end of this great undertaking?    Why  was- not  the  track of. the Canadian Northern  torn iip?   Is the Canadian Bank  of Commerce the bankers to Mackenzie and Mann?,   Is Sir Thomas White, the finance minister  of Borden's   cabinet,   a   shareholder^ this bankinginstifution?  Is this destruction of the G:T. P.  line done under the direction of  the Borden government?    Why  was not the track of the Mackenzie ,& "Mann.-road   between  Kamloops" and Vancouver torn  up if the rails are needed over  in France, as this section of _~B.  C. is served by "the G. P. R,  news columns The Argus will be  quite a booster for the Courtenay  section of the province. We also  congratulate Mr. A. H. Herd on  his enterprise as it certainly  shows some pluck in starting a  newspaper at this time.  Now the Liberals Can Share.  t t  Some deluded individuals probably imagine-.that a government  that hasn't public opinion behind  it has no business being in office,  but that idea is old fashioned:  The modern thing to do is to wait  in the recently concluded general  election the "man who dared"  was returned to pbwer by safe  majorities.  Premier Borden was as well  aware of the necessity of conscription in Canada as was Pre-  mierHiighes in Australia. - Likewise "it is apparent that there  was opposition to the measure in  Australia as formidable, in a  political sense, as any which has  developed_in this country. -Yet  until the public opinion comes ("where Premier Hughes courage-  o     s      ~  Latest is that the munition  board is going up to Alberni to  locate shipbuilding plants. .Is  this so as to bring supplies wanted over the Canadian Northern  and Canadian. Pacific roads and  thereby leaving the Grand Trunk  out of the whole transportation  business as has been the case  hereto.  c     c     o     c     c  Themanagementof theG.T.P.  is without doubt a poor one and,  viewing it at long range, needs  to be buried. It looks as if the j duce conscription two years ago.  other railroads with the aid of! Well, look at the opposition to  the Borden government aremak- j conscription now, when theargu-  ing these troublesome times the! meuts in favor of it *are very"  occasion to bury it. [much stronger than they were  around to the government's view  point, the administration ���������mean-  while doing nothing as gracefully .as possible, or messing up  what it attempts. If the publie  never comes around to the administration's view, we presume  nothing would ever be doneand  we wTould slump in to a policy of  masterful inactivity, without the  masterful. " Nevertheless, some  expect a government to be more  than an aggregation of opportunists, or composed'of timid  statesmen who await the first  sign of popular approval before  ventaring on any course of action; Then again, some people  seem to imagine that all a government or a prime minister has  to do is to carry out a policy regardless of an3Tbody or anything.  There have been insistent cries  that the Borden government was  weak because it did  not intro-  Your  V  '/S,  Nl  Teach him with a real, rn__y  arm, a Remington UMC .22 rifca.  ^Give him Remington UMC ratable ammunition and enjoy seeing  his scores improve. m  - Don't my -"say���������a*? U  good enoagrh for boyt." It  isn't. Espeeudlr -when yaa  can fast u eaaQy give him  Rerrnngtaa UMC  REMINGTON  Remington UMC Reliability���������  is just as apparent in .22 Rifles and Ammunition as in oar  highest priced goods.  For a hand-operating Repeater, choose the 16 Shot Remin������-  ton UMC .22 Repeater. Or, select a Remington UMC Single  Shot.   Perfect satisfaction with either.  Remington UMC .22 short, .22 long and. 22 long rifle cartridge*  are the most carefully made ammunition yoCtcan buy.  Go to the dealer who displays the Red.:Ball trade mark of  Remington UMC for guaranteed ammunition and  re arms of every kind.  Remington Arms Union Metallic  Cartridge Company  (Contractor* to tk* Britith Imperial and CcJtmM  Government!)  l__w _f      TOMOS. 0*JT.     Hew Ttrfc, U JUL  ously and,statesmanlike proceeded to demonstrate the responsibilities of government, Premier  Borden preferred to quibble.  First we had the National Service  scheme, which was but a play at  compulsory service. It failed to  accomplish anything but add to  our stock of statistics,, Then we  had the home defense plan. This  .was a pathetic subterfuge, a confession of weakness which was  at'once recognized at its worth  throughout the country. Finally,  the administration has come  ba*k.to the point from which it  should never have deviated, but  even now it baulks and has arranged a coalition government  to share responsibility. But previous it had never shown any inclination to share the other functions of government with its  opponents.  c     c ' o     c     o  Was the  Czar a Traitor?  An engineer who has lived foi  ,i number of years in Petrograd,  recently wrote to his forme*  home paper in Drammen, Norway, telling of the conditions in  Russia.: Among other things he j  says that at the time of the over-  Mackay Smith, Biair & Co. ltd  VANCOUVER,  B. C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE  WEST'   BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  MADE    IN    B. C."  Send for Catalogue  Prompt Attention Given Letter Orde  throw of, the czar there were  over two hundred German officers and spj'S operating in the  Tsarsko Selo, the royal palace at  Petrograd, under the protection  of the czarina. He also states  that it was none too soon that  Nicholas Romanoff was relieved  of'his office as czar,  a matter of a few .];  would have op<:���������;:<,,]  eastern line and i,-t  army into Russia,  for a separate p<;u,  German invasion a-  the allies for sue  as it was jast  'i's before he  lhe Russian  tlie German  arid arrs  havir.gifce  a move.  HERE ARE SCIENTIFIC  FOOD FACTS  units of energy.  At. Normal Prices���������-  Ten cents worth of wheat flour contains 5440  Ten cents worth of beef contains 410 units of energy.  \ Ten cents worth of eggs contains 385 units of energy.  -Ten cents worth of fresh fish contains 245 units of energv.  A pound of meat costing 25 cents contains i.KSS energy  than a pound of flour costing 4 to 6 cents.  And when the flour is  Royal Standard Flo  the difference is still more in its favor because <  strength���������produces'more loaves to the sack.  Here's the "high cost of living" problem s<  Think it over���������then ask \<  for Royal Standard.  its extra  <>.;r dealer  Look for the  CIRCLE "V"  Trade Mark  ON    EVERY   SACK  Compare���������price for price���������  GREAT   WEST  with the tea you are now using.  It s Better.  LEES0N, DICI0E, GR0SS^& CO., Ltd.  .Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B.C.  NEWTON  , Jh^������^Prince.' Rupert Empire  maiv-who is a-candidate for the  House of Commons for this Riding.  While others stand for what  will benefit their party, he stands  for what will benefit these districts.  ^H  3on  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C, LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SKi:M< r,  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  5. S.   "CamOSUn"   Leaves   Vancouver  every  Thursday at 11 p.m.     (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Sundays a. m.  S. S.   "Coquitlam"   sails   from   Vamvu  nightly, carrying Gasoline  and   Explosives.  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  .rt-  .-ail  For rates of Freights, Fares and other information.  Head Office, Carrall St., Vancouver; or Gk<>. M-  agent, 1003 Government St., Victoria.  C  hoc  ���������H  Advertise your Wants in the Courier  v.  ur  ������rt  Mat  v>.f  SB  i&5  'tS  m  ���������^3  :?s^  t,   '4*  r>     fvMri  -^Si  ���������K,  'M  *i  ���������UBfc  ������nHl?  ���������gat 1  ���������   -irfU  r ' t" ft  larAay, June 23, .1917  '��������� BELLA  COOLACOURIER  UJUiiaUMt-TWUTt  ms%$Go<B Photographs  for reproduction of any of our TREES, etc., growing ifi the  Province, we offer the following prizes for good prints any  size, all prints to become our property whether winners or not  Prints to reach us at any time before October 1st, 1917, but  priority of receipt will count in competitors' favor, and we are  )pen to receive pictures right away. No limit to number of  )rints each competitor can send.  ?.r������f Pfl7e $5 00 worfh of our best &rade of nursery  irSlrrize tpJ.UU stockj customer's selection, for spring  1918 delivery, delivered free at your nearest station.   Also two  prizes of $2.50 each in trees, etc.   Name and address of sender  to be written lightly on back of prints.  Those who will be in the market, for Trees, etc., for Spring 1918 should  svriteus NOW. This.is very important. Our General and Rose Catalogs  ind Price List are at your service. Orders -placed in the Summer get the  jest attention and the customer is sure-to get just what he orders.  We can always find room for a good salesman to work in practically  my part of the province.  The British Columbia Nurseries Co., Ltd.  1493 SEVENTH AVENUE WEST        . \      VANCOUVER; B. C.  Italy and the War.  Mth rolls and fancy bread en-  [ely prohibited, two  meatless  Id three sweetless days a week,  jly one meat course allowed at  ftels and restaurants, butter no  lger procurable, vegetables at  iohibitive prices, coal at $20 a  sometimes mounting to $45  fd $50 the horrors of war as  |ey affect the.-homes and farm's of the people of Italy will be  Sderstood. 'And yet Italy has  bright sides./     ^  spirit of thrift has encom-  Issed the imap-ination andform-  the habits of the people.    In  L4 the national savings amoun-  to $1,519,000,000, they reach-  1 last yearj-dlespite diminished  Iports and the closing of the  mst trade, which brings cash  khe amount.of $20,000,000 per  annum to the country���������no less  than $1,600,000,000.  This saving has been effected  by the "fortunes of war." But  the woolen and cotton industries  have prospered greatly, and all  those which were made for or  could be adapted to the output  of war material. Italy began to  rely upon, herself, industrially  speaking, more than she had ever  done before, and found, after  due experiment, that she could  not only produce the articles she  required,'but could so at an economic price which had at first  seemed doubtful. Unemployment  naturally ceased to be a problem  and a notable symptom was the  increase in the savings of the  country.  BUSINESS CARDS  Watch Repairs  Send your watch to us for guaranteed repairs at lowest prices.  A price given before proceeding with work. If not satisfactory, watch will be returned free  of expense.  O. B. ALLAN  Diamond Merchant���������Optician  Granville and Pender,Vancouver,B.C.  FARM LANDS  Oregon & California Railroad Co.  Grant Lands.���������Title to same revested in United States by Act of Congress dated June 9, 1916. Two million three hundred thousand acres to be  opened for homesteads and sale. Timber and agricultural lands. Containing some of the best land left in the  United States. Now is the opportune  time. Large map showing lands by  sections and description of soil, plim-  ate, rainfall, elevations, etc. Postpaid One Dollar.  Grant Lands Locating Co., Box 610,  Portland, Oregon.  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  ������J    ^REGULATIONS  fOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  ^^���������Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  th������Xynon 'I.'ERRrroitY, the Nokth-west Tebki-  ToSlE3 and in a portion of the Province of  British Colombia, may be ieaaed for a term of  tw^rtty-one yearB at an annual rental of $1 an  acre- - Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent  of the diutrict in which the rights applied for  are;situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections,'or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  ' fee;,of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but'not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns acccntinK for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are hot being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of, Dominion Lands. '  W. W. CORY.  '' Deputy Minister of the Interior.'  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30690.  hoe  Fur Sales Agency  For building up red-blooded  manhood, Canada has the finest  climate on the surface of the  globe.  Nothing is difficult to the brave  and faithful.  600 dealers and trappers of B. C.,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures  the   highest  market'  price always. j  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt, j  sending balance immediately after sale. '  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C  Land Notices  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTRICT   OP   COAST���������BANOE   III.  Take Notice that Oliver Handy, of  Chezacut, B. C, occupation farmer, intends to "apply for permission to lease  the:following described lands:  Commencing at a post planted 120  chains west and 60 chains south of Mile  Post_33, 124th Meridian, thence north  twenty chains, thence east forty chains,  thence, south twenty chains, thence west  forty chains to point of commencement.  5 OLIVER HANDY.  HOE  Dated May. 25, 1917.  June 23-Aug. 18  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  PACIFIC  MILK  Should be used for coffee,  tea, pudding, whi p'pe.d  cream and all cereals.  YOU'LL LIKE PACIFIC"  FOOD   PRODUCTS  CO., LTD;, Manufacturers  Office: 322 DRAKE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Wear the " Day foot"  Solid Leather  Sh  oe  MADE FOR B. C. WEATHER  G. B. DAYFOOT and Co'y"  Georgetown, Ont. and  303 Mercantile Building  Vancouver, B. C.  i  Comfort and luxury assured at. a  minimum cost. Many Prince Rupert testimonials prove its worth  Have You Got $20 ?  If not your credit is good'  Harry Hanson  Special Water Heater  (Patented in Canada)  Installed in your kitchen range  will give you all the hot water'  you can use within thirty minutes  after fire is started. 121 now in  use in Prince Rupert and every  user a booster. You don't know  .hot water comforts till you have  seen these results. $20.00 is the  .vCost. Absolutely no charge unless satisfactory.  A bath supply within twenty minutes  after fire is started and then a new supply every twenty minutes thereafter.  Wall radiators can also be run from  your hot water boiler and other rooms  heated with no extra cost for fuel.  The Result Will Surprue You  Investigate!  Harry HansonThPe,^Le?'e  P. O. Box 395  139 2nd Ave., Prince Rupert, B.C.  DISTBICT   OP   COAST���������RANGE   HI.  Take Notice that Gilbert Axford, of  Chezacut,-B.C, occupation farmer, intends to apply for permission to lease  the following described lands:  Commencing at a post planted twenty  chains north of the northwest corner of  Lo������ 1077, Range 3, Coast District,  thence north twenty chains, thence  east'twenty chains, thence south twenty  chains,..thence west twenty chains to  point of commencement. ���������  j. . ?";-\.   ..���������-'     GILBERT AXFORD.'  Dated, May 19, 1917.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   OF   COAST���������BANGS   III.  Take Notice that Gilbert Axf ord, of  Chezacut,..B. C, occupation farmer, in-  ! tends   to apply for permission to lease  i the following described lands:  j    Commencing at a pos^planted forty  ' chains east and forty chains south from  . the southeast corner of Lot 1077, Range  ] 3, Coast District,  thence east   twenty  chains',   ttience  south   twenty   chains,  ; thence   west   twenty   chains,   thence  north twenty chains to point of commencement.  GILBERT AXFORD.  Dated, May 19, 1917.  June 23--Aug. 18  , VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  COAST���������BANOE   III.  that   Earl  Neece,   of  Ask for Nabob Coffee  Because it is the flavor that  counts and that's where  NABOB leads, 'Sryitat  breakfast tomorrow.  Kelly, Douglas & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER,  B.C.  To make a big catch-  first get your tackle!  SOME  call it  ,4Luck"-and  some  " Experience!"  But one point all  good fishermen agree  on is that our store  is Fishermen's Headquarters.  For minnows or  sharks���������we can fit you  out.  Ours is a dandy line  ���������and it will interest  you.  Sportsmen* $  Headquarters  ^^^       And   how  ^WP^   about shooting?  We   carry   the   renowned    Remington*  vUMC.liri������ of Anns ancfc  Ammunition." A full  fresh stock at all times.  , ���������.������������������' ������������������-'���������"  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO.  DISTBICT   OF  Take -Notice  Alexis Greek. B.C., occupation farmer,  intends to apply for permission to lease  the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted about  one mile distant and in a westerly direction from Mile Post 42, 124th Meridian,  thence north twenty chains, thence  west twenty chains, thence south twenty  chains, thence east twenty chains to  point of commencement,  EARL NEECE..  Dated, March 17, 1917.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  REMINGTON  UMC  DISTBICT   OF   COAST���������BAHOB   III.  Take Notice that Earl Neece, of  Alexis Creek, B.C., occupation farmer,  intends to apply for permission to  lease the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted about  two miles distant and in a westerly  direction from the 43rd Mile Post, 124th  meridian, thence south twenty chains,  thence west twenty chains, thence  north twenty chains, thence easttwenty  chains to point of commencement.  EARL NEECE.  Dated, March 17, 1917.  J'ne 2--July 28.  SPHlliS  lheMasonCrixischPiano  of to-day will make plain our  prioilcge to state with authority:  "NO FINER  PIANO MADE/"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  tf][  Let us attend  your Victor Record  ^J  mail orders���������our service is intelligent '  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue   . ; -^   Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C  c  w  HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  W  HAT person so independent?  VITHAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola  farmers are independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  ;���������/���������' 'it*  :;i|.  View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  t���������)  T^HE REASONS  for this  enviable  condi-  ���������*���������   tion of- affairs   are   obvious  to  anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  ��������� Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bejla Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  PS'.:.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  ^ country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  D1  CZD   [  SUBSCRIPTION   RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  %V      ���������       ^ ,  JH:     -'.���������������������������       CANADA. '^5  T  One Year $1.00  i~ Six Months   0.73  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C. v  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. 0   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed BELLA  COOLA COURIER  Saturday] JUnc ^  Subscrbie  for the  Courier  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coast between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles  ��������� It will be to your interest to keeP WeM ?n~  formed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now is?the time to keep  your name- : before the  public. ... No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford;toilet slip the op/'  portumty of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  "^ cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. ^Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  ITigjI    Italy's Part in the War.  Many have been the guesses  5made why the Germans failed to  take Paris. Whatever the reason, Paris was saved and the original plan of Germany winning  the war in short time was upset.  Former minister of public works  in the Italian, government, Au-  gusto Ciuffelli/and now a mem-  bnr of the Italian war mission toj  America sheds some light oh the.'  subject. Italy's action helped  France throw back the Germans  at the Marne and also weakened  the German-Austro offensive on  Russia. In both cases, he said,  Italy's attitude was most opportune.    "    ,  "Upon Italy's declaration-of  neutrality at the outbreak of the  war" said-Ciuffelli, "France was  able to withdraw one-half million  men from our frontier and throw  them across the German path before Paris. At that time France  was pressed for trained men and  supplies and the British army  was not yet mobilized. Without  Italy's action, the Germans would  probably have entered Paris.  "Similarly, Italy's actual entrance into the war in May, 1915,  tremendously aided the retreating and disorganized Russian armies and created such a diversion  as to save Russia from being reduced to impotence.  "Again, I tabu's action was decisive.  ' "If Italy had been inspired by  lust of\conquesfc she could easily  have joined with Germany whose  victory would have been tremendously facilitated by her intervention. VBut Italy could, not  make herself a party to:the aggression of Austria,upon Serbia,  or aid in a war featured by the  invasion of Belgium^ Italy could  not join the two imperial dynasties which dreamed of world  domination on the principle that  might makes right.  "Italy's sacrifice in this war  has been staggering. We now  have four  million   men   under  Canada's Boys Want Smokes!  "  J  Will You Help ?  If so, Mr. Francis R. Jones will-be pleased to answer any enquiries addressed to the Canadian Office of the Over-Seas Club,  Room 28, Windsor Hotel; Montreal, and will be glad to supply  Collecting Books, Contribution Cards, Boxes and Circulars  to any who are willing to assist. .. .  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let US' do your job printing.  We will do it right  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  ��������� TOWN. Do not talk���������support home industries ��������� ta������k is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  arms. Oiir front is 540;kilome  tres long, greater than the.whole  French and Belgian front. Every  yard we have conquered has cost  us terribly.     -    v  "Some of our heavy guns are  fighting from an elevation of  oyer two miles on peaks 9000 feet  high. Our roads and supply-lines  in many cases have been cut  through solid ice. - A whole new  human centre .has been built up  in the most inaccessible part of  the Alps.  ' "This must be the last war.  Nations can not in the future  squander all their money on military preparedness. The new  spirit must make us live together in the ideals of peace and  justice.. Italy is eager to. take  her place in a new world organized for peace, just as On a smaller scale at the Algeciras conference she made possible the international agreement on Moroc-  CO.     . ��������� ������������������.���������..-;   v..;,,   .  The biggest steamer on the*  Great Lakes is owned by a Canadian steamship line. She was  built at Port Arthur, is 625 feet  long, and has a grain capacity of  425,000 bushels. : '   , -���������  - French Co-operation.  .. Eight French farmers, whose  farms adjoiivand embrace nearly  600_acres all told, last "January  formed, a co-operative plowing  association for the purpose of  enabling them to get through  with their spring plowing despite  labor scarcity. They secured a  25-horse-power* tractor and a  three-furrow plow, the expense  of the work performed by the  machine to be rated according to  the area v cultivated for each  member. Lots were drawn for  the first use of the plow, and  after the machine has been  around once the order will be re-  verseed, but in all cases preference is to be given for the heavier  land, which can be plowed only  in fine weather.  Which Do You See?  'Twixt optimist and pessimist the  difference is droll;  The optimist sees the doughnut,  the pessimist the ho\e.  Don't worry about your work.  Do what you can, let the rest go,  and smile all the time. ���������  Be pleasant until ten o'clock in  the morning, and the rest of the  day will take care of itself.  The Courier  $1 a, Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA C00LA? B. C.  [2J0  20E  00  "pHE two principal reasons  A why you should buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  Bf C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  Burns;  BUTTER  BACON  HAMS  LARD  EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provjaioner*  Calgary     Yaiiconver     Edmonton  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  /f  CLUB  OFFER  We have pleasure in announcing that we have made arrangements with two of the leading weekly publications  so that our subscribers may have the best of reading at  substantially reduced rates.  The Courier   .       .       .       .       . $1.00    R   ,  Farmers Advocate & Home Journal, Winmpeg   1.50    f������tn PaP������rs  ,  for   .   .   $2.00  ;\  $2.50  The Courier   .  Canadian Countryman, Toronto  . $1.00  .   1.50.  $2.50  Both papers  lor  .  .   $2.00  The Courier   ....      \**$L0O n   .  Family Herald & Weekly Star, Montreal . .  1.00 ,       papl" _-    tor   .   .   $1.75  $2.00  vv.  The four papers may be had for $4.50.  J  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA L\ \^-  03D.  Brynildsen  LEADING    DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING  AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys- and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  iri all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes    '$   8  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the most suitable articles are kept at prices thai  invite competition.  Paints -   Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all description*  Be*t brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods-Lowest Prices   Largest Stoc^  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C  ���������,!������������*'

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