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Bella Coola Courier 1915-06-26

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 l\  38������  t-i-AS.  EVnSa  m  IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCELLENT HUNTING AND  FISHING.  WEATHER  REPORT FOR MAY.  Compiled   by   Mr.  C. H.  Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 67:    Minimum, 44.  Highest Max. (5th) 83. Lowest Min. (30th) 35.  Rainfall, 2.66 inches.  .OL. 3���������NO. 37  .BELLA COOLA, B.C., SATURDAY, JUNE 26,  1915.  $1.00 a Year  [ussians Quit Lemberg  ���������- .' -1   lundreds of Thousands Soldiers  Placed Hors de Combat in Galicia  ������. &  Petrograd, June 24.���������Official  ommunication. South of Raij-  od Lakes our troops on night of  1 crossed River Egrjn and oc-  upied village of Konlighi, ahni-  lating an entire German com-  iny.    On fanew,' near village  Mubliniec, we repulsed Ger-  ndn' attacks. West of Rawa  i lska enemy was driven back  rom some villages and near Gut-  '.elena our cavalry sabred three  u'lipanies  of the enemy.    On  1 ������������������21 and fallowing night in di-  .'I'tion of Lwow we arrested the  nemys offensive. Enemy suf-  ���������red great losses in barren at-:  u-ks near village of Brgouhovice  nd on river Szczerzec, but suc-  eeded in advancing in region of  olkeff.     Consequently  on  the  2 out troops quitted Lwow'(Lem-  erg) 'arid-- continued retreat on  ew front. On Dneister, the  attle has continued with great  erocity, on bend of the river we  rove enemy back from village  Jbf   Unich  towards" Luka.    In a  successful bayonet fight we cap-  ured a thousand prisoners.  BrilliantBayonetAssault  Allies Successful in Dardanelles  Infantry Carry Trenches at a Bound  London, June 24.���������According  .to the Berlin report Lemberg was  &*retaken after- a severe battle.  It was occupied by the Russians  on September 2, 1914. The capture was one of the earliest important successes by the Russians. With Lemberg now in her  hands Austria has reelafmed virtually the whole province of  Galicia. The fighting- in this  < ampaign has been unusual Jin  'ntensity, with heavy losses, the  ligures of killed, wounded and  missing as given in Austrian,  i ferman and Russian official statements run into hundreds of  thousands.  Paris, June 24.���������-Official.   Expeditionary corps in Dardanelles  attacked Turkish lines yesterday  on two thirds of the front.    After an artillery preparation the  infantry sallied from the trenches with superb spirit, our left in  a single bound carried two lines  of the'enemys trenches and these  they hold  notwithstanding violent and numerous  counter attacks.    To  the  right,  on   more  difficult   ground,   the    struggle  continued throughout the day on  the ruins of the Turkish -works.  The  enemy  bringing   up  fresh  troops had succeeded in retaking  these trenches when a battalion  of the foreign legion and a battalion of Zouaves by a bayonet  assault carried the position in ten  minutes.    This brilliant charge  decided  the  issue and  finished  for  the  day  the  efforts of the  Turks to regain' the ground lost.  Summing up, the day ended with  success along the whole front.  The important point is we have  occupied the ground which commands the head of the ravine of  Kereves Dere, which the Turks  have defended with the utmost  determination for several months  using all their resources to hold it.  German Submarines  Enter Mediterranean  Russian Line  Still Unbroken  Petrograd,   June   25.���������"The  Russian army is still unbroken,  at no point has the enemy broken  our lines.    The spirit of our soldiers is unbroken and they are  confident of final victory."    In  these words today the minister  of war, General Soukhomlinoff,  epitomized  the  general feeling  in Petrograd as to the war situation, the loss of Lemberg has not  caused any feelingof pessimism.  While regretted it is understood  that  the  conditions   in   Galicia  prevented the Russian army from  giving-   battle   to   the   Austro-  German   troops,  particularly  in  view of the predominance of the  Teutonic numbers and artillery.  Earthquake in  Lower California  San Francisco, June 24���������Earthquake rocks famous valley in  Lower California, convulsion  rattles cities dotting the imperial  valley, tearing buildings asunder  andi causing damage estimated  at one million dollars. It is reported heavy loss of lives.  London, June 25.���������Despatch  to Times from Petrograd says  that owing' to the unimpaired  fighting  power of the  Russian  army the Austro-Germans will  be unable to transfer troops  either to the Warsaw or western  battleground. As yet, the correspondent adds, the retirement  from Lemberg has not affected  the Dneister front, where modifications are likely to occur only  if the Germans succeed in advancing eastward thus threaten-  ingtthe Russian rear and flank.  It is affirmed that the enemy has  concentrated on the Russian  front all of the Austrian cavalry,  some eleven divisions, and almost all the German cavalry,  namely four divisions, but their  activity is not very marked.  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  Roumania to Enter War  Pi  m  m  Paris, June 24.���������Special despatch. Roumania likely to enter  into the war any moment now.  Negotiations with Allies progressing, Russia yields important  disputed point.  Settlers Active in  Clearing Operations  Victoria, June 25.���������The fire  situation in the Province generally remains safe according to  advices reaching the Minister of  Lands. But few fires have been  reported during the last three  weeks, and these have been easily  controlled and extinguished. At  the same time permits to burn  have been taken advantage of  widely, settlers .continuing to  show much activity in their clearing operations, especially in the  Lillooet and Island districts.  From Kamloops much satisfaction on the part of the mills is  recorded in consequence of the  orders which are being received,  while in the Nelson district it is  reported that the British-Canadian Lumber Compy. at Crescent  Valley, and the Forest Mills at  Cascade, expect to resume operations shortly.  Tokio, June 24.���������Official report  received from Rome to the effect  that seven German submarines  have succeeded in entering the  Mediterranean through the  Straits of Gibraltar, has caused  the Japanese companies to issue  warnings to all steamers traversing the Mediterranean and also  to extend war insurance on vessels from Marseilles to Port Said.  S. S. Chelohsin was late again j quit ensnare the salmon this sum-  last Sunday. She did not makei mer, and we feel assured that if  this port until about 10 p. m. j persistent, intelligent efforts  We presume it can be inferred! will bring the hoped for results,  from   this,   that business  along;that then our friends will suc-  the coast is picking up.  S. S. Celtic  came on   Monday  and loaded 1700 cases of salmon.  Dunkirk Bombarded  36 Tons of Explosive Fall on City  Dunkirk, France, via Paris,  June 25.���������Thirty-six tons of explosive and metal were fired into  Dunkirk yesterday from the Germans positions somewhere be-  hind Dixmunde. Several civilians were killed or wounded and  considerable material damage  was clone, but not a single shell  reached the port or any other  point of military importance.  Canadians Recommended  London, June 24. ��������� Field mar-  shall Sir John French has recommended many Canadian officers and privates for gallant service, amongst whom are: Lieut.-  Col. McHarg, Majors Odium and  McLaren, and Corporal Odium.  Cruiser Torpedoed  London, June 24.- The British  cruiser Roxburgh was torpedoed  in the North Sea on Sunday last.  Damage sustained was not serious and the cruiser was able to  proceed under her own steam.  An ice cream and strawberry  social will be held on the lawn  of Mr. B. F. Jacobsen this afternoon at 2 p. m. We can assure  our readers that a pleasant and  enjoyable time will be had at we  have had the pleasure of attend-  ingsimilar functions at the same  place before. The proceeds which  we hope will be large, will be  divided   equally   between    our  hospital and the Red Cross fund. J,/' 7','.    ,  ! hind  his  horses  seated  on the  Indian-agent Mr. I. Fougner | ^ast cu������ing machine. It would  returned last Saturday on the!be considered a blessing, unap-  launch  Charles  Todd  from   his | Preciated  b>r  us   before.   if all  ceed: Fred Anderson, Paul 01-  sen, John Johnson, Sam Grant,  J. H. Whitcombe, Ragnar Swen-  son, L. Peterson and W. Gorden.  Mrs. R. Holt with her children  availed herself of the opportunity and went to Kimsquit for a  visit to her brother at the Manitou cannery.  The sound of the mower is now-  heard in the land. No more does  the fanner in Bella Coola swing  the scythe under the broiling  rays of the sun, but in modern  stvle rides around the field be-  G. K. Burnett of New Westminster, who has spent some  time in the valley surveying lands  for the settlers left last Sunday  for Rivers Inlet, where he will  be engaged in his profession as  surveyor until next fall. He  took with him Fred Hendricks  and Harry Burt to help him run  the linesrand get away with the  provisions.  The construction of a stairway  and landing for small craft at  the wharf under the supervision  of Mr. Gallienne is now completed  Mr. H. Brown has, with his  crew of men, finished the repair  of the road in the lower part of  the valley assigned to him. Mr.  A. Svisdal has likewise completed  the gravelling of a section of the  road above Mr. Hammer's ranch  at Noosatsum.  The fishing for sockeye salmon  started with this week in the inlet. About 70 boats are engaged  and the result is about the same  as the corresponding period of  former seasons. Catches run up  to about 50 to a boat in 24 hours.  The spring months have had an  unusual amount of strong winds,  and the fishermen who stay in  their boats for five days at a  stretch certainly find themselves  "rocked in the cradle of the  deep."  A large number of stick Indians with their progeny, their  horses and their dogs have descended upon our peaceful community during the week. They  may be found camped along the  hedges and the bye ways in truly  It has been found necessary to  place Jacob Lunos in the hospital  for medical treatment.    -  With regret we learn that Mrs.  T. R. Astleford of Firvale, is  seriously ill.  Investigations of Sockeye.  Mr. A. W. Stone, provincial  constable and fishery officer for  this district and with headquarters at Rivers Inlet, has with his  assistant Mr. C. Mellon, spent the  last week in Bella Coola. He is  here upon his annual tour of collecting- the provincial taxes from  the fishermen and also to collect  data for the Department of Fisheries at Victoria.  The Department, in view of  the fact that the salmon fisheries  is one of the .most important industries of the province, is conducting a series of investigations  into the habits of the salmon for  the purpose of devising ways by  which this industiy may be further developed. Mr. Stone said  the Department sends out fishery  officers every year now, to the  different centres of the salmon  canneries; these men collect a  number of one-year-old salmon  at the different streams, these  are sent to the headquarters  where they are studied by {experts in piscatorial lore. The  fishery officers also collect during  the "sockeye" season 250 salmon from each cannery. These  are measured and weighed and a  primitive and nomadic style.  They are here on their annual I few scales taken  from each and  visit in search of  work at the; with these datas in their posses-  canneries, and in the fields. But  Bella Coola is no exception to the  rule prevailing at this time, that  labor is in excess of the demand,  and the outlook is that the Indians will be disappointed.  trip to Bella Bella and China Hat.  The cannery tug Swan of  Namu, came in on Wednesday  for the purpose of taking fishermen  to  the Draney cannery at  Kimsquit.     The  following men|a consignment   of   box   lumber  will in the placid waters of Kims-j from Alert Bay.  mankind could be permitted to  pursue'peacef ul callings, that the  harvest of death would stop.  S. S. British  Columbia called  at the cannery last Saturday with  PROVINCIAL ELECTION  For Sale Cheap  One dining-room table. One arm  chair and two diners to match,  Belgian oak finish. Ross rifle,  .303 calibre. Food chopper.  Pans. English china dinner service.    For particulars apply to���������  T. Walker, Hagensborg, ,B. C.  Jas. W. Smith, inspector of  pre-emptions is in the valley  prodding up the persons who  have taken up small pieces of  land under the Land Act. We  hope he will be lenient with any,  if such there be, who have not  been able to comply with all the  requirements of the law.  Your influence and support is respectfully requested.  T. D. PATTULLO.  liberal candidate for Prince Rupert Riclinp.  School is ended and examinations have been to the fore during the week.     Boys from other  j parts of the valley have gathered  | with aspirants of the town at the  ' Mackenzie   school    where   Mr. j  Fougner has been   propounding!  conundrums to them.    If any of;  these   young    men    and   ladies  should fail of passing, they need ;  not be discouraged.    Some of the j a  most successful and useful men  in the world proved to be behind  in their studies  while at school.  Renewed and greater efforts will  bring success. |  sion   the   experts   find   further  fields for study and analysis.  Mr. Stone has already visited  Smiths and Rivers Inlets in  search of one-year-old salmon  this spring with good results;  but he finds on arrival at Bella  Coola that the season is too far  advanced, the small salmon having gone to sea. He finds also  that the season of the migration  of the fish is seemingly two weeks  earlier this season than usual.  Next year he will try to come  here for the conduct of his researches about the middle of  ���������April.  To the layman it may seem a  waste of time to study matters  in connection with the fish which  seems entirely useless; but experience proves that complete  knowledge of a subject makes a  safe foundation from which to  derive practical results, and it is  therefore to be safely assumed  that the fishing industry of our  coast will be benefitted by the  investigations now carried en by  the government.  c  Ollutrrh Nrrtir*  Lower Bella Coola: Church  Service, 11 a. m.  \ Coola: Sunday School,  10:45 a. in.  a  Beli  Church Service, 7:30 p. m.  lice.   T. C.  Colwell. B.A.,  Pattor  ������ii <*<**> ^-������������^ O -<-������������J= ^JML>4L>'������ ft 4'!"  m  flip  4m     '"till  T   i!  i -  1     J  '1  w  ^B*  BELLA COOLA COURIER  Saturday, June 26  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1  Year ...$1.00  6 Months ...*"......... '.. 0.75  3 Months        0.50  United States  1  Year $1.50  United Kingdom  1 Year $1.00  Subscriptions7 payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copj*  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising  Rates,  Office. -  Apply  at  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable an-  onypious communications will be published, the  name and addrea3 of every writer of such letters  must be given to the editor.  The Editor reserves tho ripcht to refuse publication of any letter. All manuscript at writer's  risk.  a purer political atmosphere. In  this younger nation of ours, the  outlook is hopeful. Sir Robert  Borden promptly denounced the  recent war graft, and voiced his  determination to prosecute the  guilty parties. The notorious  'Roblin government in Manitoba  has been forced to resign, and,  lastly, indications are not wanting that the next election will  see ah upheaval in British Columbia politics also.  We firmjy believe that a better  day is coming and therefore let  all right-thinking menvtake new  courage and let each according  to his own light, work for its  speedier consummation.  NO ALUM  Vancouver Office - - 317-323 Cambie St.  '&aluo4UijttiU mtjirrma rst Uw."  SATURDAY, JUNE 26, 1915.  A Better Day.  ��������� SDme people haying the welfare of the country at heart are  tempted to lose faith in the possibility of attaining a reasonably  pure administration of the government, of being able to attract  honest and able men to administer the affairs of the country.  Hitherto the' offices  have,   as a  rule, been sought by men  who  believed they could make more  money in a political office than  in private enterprise, and when  -they have  gained   the  coveted  positrons they generally conduct  the affairs of their offices in a  '  manner to  justify the' opinion  that they "were not mistaken.  Any  impartial   observerr-will  conclude that with few exceptions there has been ho difference  in this respect between Conser-  servatives-and Liberals.     And  therefore the average citizen has  come to the conclusion that such  conditions are inevitable, and he  regards the criticism of the opposition to the party in power as  perfunctory and carried oh more  for the object of getting its own  partisans into the public crib than  for the purpose of bettering conditions:   There is certainly-cause  for such conclusion.  The average voter has for years  voted for good men and "for the  bast men, with the result,that  wheti these good men get into  office the conditions are not  changed very much for the better; he finds that if .the party he  supports continues in office for a  long term of years, things almost invariably go from bad to  worse until the treasury is empty  and then it goes out of power.  This experience is disheartening and is apt to make the voter  apathetic.   We believe, though,  that there is a change for the  bettergoingon.   Such conditions  in government as we are trying  to describe and which have prevailed in Canada for a long time  very likely mark only a stage in  the development of the. nation.  That like  the   whooping cough  and the measles in children, they  will finally pass away and a better day come.  The evidences on which we  build our opinion are that the  self-governing older countries of  Europe are compartively free  from graft; United States which  usedto be a very hotbed of political corruption is emerging into  The Outlook for Peace.  Nearly two months   ago   we  published some articles.,on the  sign of peace to be discerned on  tne horizon  of the war.     Bu'  since then   the  ferocity of the  fighting has become even worse  than anything experienced in the  earlier stages so that all thoughts  of an early cessatidn of hostilities  and declaration   of peace  have  well-nigh become hopeless.   The  later dispatches show the Germans conducting the war with increasing activity and energy, and  which must be met  by corresponding strength and energy on  the-part of the Allies in order to  achieve success.    But is it not  possible that this   superhuman  effort on the part of Germany.is  an  indication  that it -will soon  offer terms of peace?   By showing unabated   strength at this  time she will likely-keep Roumania and Bulgaria'out of the war,  and also hope to weaken the determination of the Allies to bring  her to distasteful terms,  1   One of .the. effects.of .this unparalleled war .will be that the  people who are suffering so much  now and will, continue to suffer  for a" generation  to come,.will  become so horrorstruck that they  will insist that peace, when it  comes, must  be on such terms  that the  world be spared from  war in the future.     But neither  of the warring nations are ready  for peace; so  epoch making as  that yet.    Even- though the outlook   is   sad,   there is a silver  lining to the cloud: thatJ)ecause  nations may emerge which will  "beat their swords into ploughshares." Standing armies and  great navies will be matters of  history, and peace and prosperity  shall reign throughout the earth  as long as time lasts.  General Grant, the great general of the civil war, said at one  time that he was always uneasy  when he knew the enemy was  near and  a  battle   impending;  but that he gathered comfort at  the  thought that the   enemy  very likely was equally uneasy.  We are shocked at the great losses and hope for the end.. We  may  rest assured that   similar  feelings are-just as prevalent and  even in a greater degree among  our enemies and that' they are  longing for peace asjnuch as we  do.    They have  their maimed,  their widows and fatherless who  mourn as well as we.    It is therefore not unlikely that there is  some truth in a report, vouched  for by a newspaper correspondent at Cologne, to the effect that  Austria and Germany soon will  announce  their conditions  of  peace, in  which   emphasis will,  be given  to a  declaration that  the Germanic allies are not engaged in a war of "conquest, but  seek only to insure the security  of their territories.  commerce and navy have been  swept off the ocean by British  naval superiority. But Sydney  Brooks in the English Review  gives many reasons why American intervention would be of  great value to the Allies. He  cites the following:  First���������American naval and  military strength, although relatively small,'is of first-rate quality. In six months or a year the'  United States could raise an army  of almost any size.  - Second���������The danger of an Anglo-American .controversy over  contraband policy would automatically disappear if the United  States entered- the war.  Third���������Mr. Wilson would no  longer frown on floating loans  for any belligerent powers, and  the resources of the United States  would be at the disposal of the  Allies.  Fourth���������If America came, in  the native supply of munitions  could be increased ten-fold.  Fifth ��������� America and Britain  would show an identity of spirit,  preserving harmony among the  Allies during the-difficult period  of peace negotiations.  Sixth���������The moral value of an  alliance of the United States and  Britain in defense of the common interests of civilization  would be incalculable.  The Manitoba Inquiry.  If  For Results Use-  "A. P. Stahdar  CHICK STARTER  CHICK FOOD  CHICK DEVELOPER  SCRATCH FOOD  SOLD BY LEADING DEALERS  AND BY  ALBERTA  PACIFIC  GRAIN  COMPANY  VANCOUVER,  B.C.  TD.  it  A. P. Standard**���������We stand back of every  ill ii ������������������������������������������������������  m  Gault Brothers Limited  , WHOLESALE <DRY GOODS  361 Water Street        Vancouver, B. C.  t| Qault Brothers'for over 60 years hat)e successfully  maintained wholesale Warehouses throughout Canada  <J The Vancouver stock is the largest and best assorted  stock on the Coast, in some cases the best West of Toronto  STAPLES  SMALLWARES  RIBBONS  ' Ready-to-Wear  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  House Furnishings  CARPETS  LINENS  DRESS GOODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  United States as a Factor.  United States being separated  from the scene of war by thousands of miles is not considered  to be able to. aid materially in  bringing Germany to terms even  if she did declare war and joined  the Allies. Her standing armyls  -;mall and her- navy would not  of and  through 'this o rd e a i;'J find.much to do, because German  The inquiry into the scandals  connected with the. parliament  buildings in Winnipeg is going on"  steadily, with no circumstances  cropping up in extenuation of the  Conservative governmenT in  power at- the time the grafting  took place. T.he-organs of the  Conservative party, who before  the inquiry began, were busily  engaged in defending the government and deploring the wickedness of the -scandal-mongers  in the opposition which defamed  the fair name of the province,  are nefw nearly as busily demanding that the inquiry be pushed  relentlessly and that no mercy  be shown to offenders. This  changed attitude on their part  reminds us of a story told in one  of Edward Eggleston's books:  "Jonas owned a dog that loved  to stay in the house. Jonas, when  he wanted the dog to go out,  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co, Ltd.  VANCOUVER,  B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE  WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  MADE   \H    B. C."  Prompt Attention Given Letter Orde  would go towards the.door calling the dog to follow.    The dog  "unwilling.to go would crawl under the bed.    Then Jonas would  get a stick, open the door and  start dislodging the dog^ from  its hiding place.    When the dog  found it impossible any longer  to hold its position, it would rush  for the door, at the same time  barking furiously, and run over  into the meadow as if in pursuit  of a trespassing rabbit and pretending that it was just aching  for a chance to get out of the  house."  The moral of this lesson is that  the safest attitude of citizmssrd  newspapers is to denounce wrong  doing wherever found, no matter in what party, and demand  the punishment of the guiity and  the correction of the wror.p-.  7he Basis of Business.  Some two years ago J. 1\ Morgan testified that to him character was the bottom fact in business; that he trusted a man and  dealt with him primarily on that  business. This aroused a groat  deal of carping comment, hut it  always seemed plain .to u.s that  Morgan knew what he was say-  BRAIDS  I'MAnii  Ceylon  sSTea;';;  ��������� .PACKEDv     BV -"���������  WMBRAib a co-  tea    IMPORT'CBS  VAKCDUWEH,     Hi t.  Order that pound  of BRAID'S BEST  Tea now. Packed  in handsome 1, 3,  and 5 lb. tins.  ion  =U������H  HOE  &  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C, LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT AND PASSENGER SERVU'I  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  v. o.      Lh CI Oil Sill     Leaves  Vancouver  every  Thursday at 11  p. m.     (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Sundays 4  p. m.  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  fS. S. Coquitlam" and S. S. "Capilano" will *������������������<  from Vancouver every two weeks, carrying Gasolin  and Explosives.  M  n^n?108 ������f Pre'Khts, Farcn and other information, apply t.  J',a i������EJc# CAIlltA,'r' St., Vancouver; or Geo. McGkk<;<.k.  agent,   1003 Govkrnmknt St., Victoria  ITO  |et  jni  ti  v\  iibl  Ipi  >vt  f  Ibe  feic  ar  ire  |bes  ian  5S c  It.c  |s is  lea  |rly  se  lines  A  far  jerv  rice,  son  gre  te.  hel  be  hi:  th<  Istoi  a s  je irr  the c  fheat  iadt  Idow  -   f~  C  I  m  =301  hoc  Wm  fi^?*T*iw^fl$BCT^  U&7>ky^?m&^&,^  ;---'-1--,vV-it-Krvt^v;.i>.',J  'Mfc^.'AfWViil 9/5  June 26, 1915  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  i  '.' -1.1  PS*  V.V  lH  id!  r "MM  And now we find the "Wall  .'et Journal" predicting the  ling of a great religious re-  as one result of the Euro-  war, and insisting that this  ibility is of infinite concern  Tusiness men.   The "Journal"  ves that nine-tenths of the  !��������� from which business suffers  le'ehded-by religious feeling  jh beyond'theV.each of law.  ious faith is a "better remand   a better promise for  ne business managed under  est standards of honor and  ��������� nity'than   anything   Con-  - can enact or the Depart-  t of Justice can  enforce.''  s the final truth about our  eand industry, and it is most  rly*seeh and surely held by  e   who   know   most   about  liness. "���������Collier's Weekly.  :HBM  Me  m  "la  roij  n  8  m  VSj  ���������1.J.US  Mi  A Lesson in a Legend..  ar is a time of sacrifice and  lervice.    Some can render one  ice, some another, some here,  some there.    Some can reh-  great assistance, others but  le.   There is notone who can-  help in some measure, even  be omly by enduring cheer-  his share of the discomfort,  the old Welsh legends there  'story of a man who was faced  a series of what appeared  ie impossible tasks to perform  [he could reach, the desires of  [heart.   Amongst other things  lad to do was to recover before  [down   every' gr^in   of   seed  that had been sown in a large  field, and bring it all in without  one missing.  By sunset he*came to an anthill and won all the hearts and  enlisted the sympathies of the  industriousjittle people. They  spread over the field, and before  jsundown the seed was all in except one, and as the sun was  setting over the western skies a  lame ant hobbled along with that  grain also.  Some of us have-youth and  vigor and suppleness of limb,  some of us are crippled with  years of .infirmities but we can  all limp along with some share  of our country's burden," and  thus help her in this terrible  hour to win the desire of her  heart.���������Right Hon. D. Lloyd-  George.  Can tJXCanson Tell?  It would be interesting to know  what the McBride government  can offer our thriving neighbor,  the city of Prince Rupert, to induce the Conservatives of that  city to support it after it has  guaranteed the-bonds of a railroad that is being built for the  purpose of diverting its trade.  Railway Guarantees.  According to the report of the  comptroller of railway statistics  for the year ending June 30,1914,  thetotal guarantees for railways,  federal and provincial, in Canada, amounted to $406,250,165. Of  this sum  $235,473,394 had been  earned by the beneficiaries. The  Dominion    government   headed  the  list  with   $188,965,063  and  British  Columbia   came second  with $80,332,072.    The situation  on June 30 was as follows:  Dominion   -   -   -$188,965,053  British. Columbia-     80,322,072  Alberta      -   -   -   ^55,810,450  Saskatchewan     -     41,625,000  Manitoba   -   -   -    25,221,580  Ontario      -   -   -      7,860,000  New Brunswick -      6,063,000  Quebec       -   -   - 492,000  In proportion to population  British Columbia's guarantees  are easily greater than those of  the Dominion or any of the other  provinces. The liability list as  given   above  does  not  tell  the  "r    ���������  whole story, for interest on the  amounts set forth must be paid  as well, so that in some cases,  including that of this province,,  the burden is more than twice as  heavy as the sums mentioned.  The principaLsum guaranteed  by British Columbia in behalf of  the Canadian Northern Pacific is  $47,975,000, drawing interest  amounting to $2,053,875 per annum over various term,'; exceeding thirty years. The principal  guaranteed on behalf of the Pacific Great Eastern is $31,710,000,  with an annual interest charge  of $1,426,000. The amount guar-  teed for the Nakusp & Slocan  Railway Company is $647,883.  The total interest charge for  which the pr-ovince is liable is  $3,506,708, or practically half the  present revenue. ��������� Victoria  Times.  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  r-OAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  ^ Manitoma. Saskatchewan und Albekta,  the Yukon Tkkmtohy, the North-west Territories und in a portion of the Province of  HUITISH Coi.UMiiiA. may be leased for a term of  .twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,500 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a leaBe must be made by the  applicant in person to the Atfcnt or Sub-A#ent  of the district in which the righta applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections,'or ie������ai subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed, territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself. ,.���������.;������������������  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are pot available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five centB per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at leust once a year.  The lease will Include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessury for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.(Xi an acre.  For, full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������3(Ki90.  1 he Alason (JT riisch Piano  of to-day will mak.e plain our  privilege to state with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE!  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  ������  ^1T  Let us attend  your Victor Record  Jl  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  ��������� ���������] t  ] [  LAND REGISTRY ACT.  IN THE MATTER OF an application  for a fresh Certificate of Title to part  (200 square rods) of North-east Quarter  of Section 8, Township 4, Range 3,  Coast District.  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN of my  intention at theexpiratio,n of one calendar month from the first publication  hereof to issue a fresh Certificate of  Title in lieu of the Certificate of Title  issued to John Jorgenson on the 6thday  of January, 1903, and Numbered 8378 C,  which has been lost.  DATED at the Land Registry Office,  Victoria, British Columbia, this 29th  day of May, 1915.  S. Y. WOOTTON,  Registrar General of Titles.  J-12-J-3  -IP  The County Agriculturist.  BUSINESS CARDS  Geoffrey K. Burnett   D. J. McGugan  C.E., B.C.L.S., B.A.S.C., B.C.L.S..  ASS. M. CAN. SOC. C.E.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geoffrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & Burnett)  CIVIL ENGINEERS and  B.C. LAND  SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B. C.  City address���������New Westminster, B.C.  P. O. Box S8(i. Telephone 232.  ���������  [J.W.Peck&Co.Ltd.  Manufacturers of  CLOTHING, SHIRTS,  CAPS and OVERALLS  We carry a complete stock of Men's Furnishings  and all the best English  and American   Hats  JOHN W. PECK & CO., LTD.  MONTREAL       WINNIPEG       VANCOUVER  J  A treat for the  children--  Nabob  Jelly  Powder  They find it both  appetizing and  delicious.  Your grocer _sell sit.  Each packet makes  a full pint of jelly.  By ^yRON HUNTER, State Leader of  County Agriculturists in Stale cf  Washington.  Within the last half century  there  has   been   several  great  movements in the United States  for the bettermentof agriculture.  Among these may be mentioned  the establishment of the State  Agricultural Colleges, the State  Experimental Stations, the United States Department of Agriculture, and the County Agricultural  Agent Movement..    The  | latest of these movements comes  ! more closely into touch with the  I farmer   than   any   one   of   the  ! others.    In fact it is the connect-  | ing link between the farm and  I scientific agricultural investiga-  (tion.    It is the belief of those  i who stand behind this movement  \ that within a few brief years a  ! competent,    experienced     and  'scientifically trained agriculturist will be employed   by practically every agricultural  county  in the United States.    Although  ! the movement is yet in its infan-  ! cv, more than 250 counties in the  ! Eastern, Northern and Western  ! States have taken up this work.  !    The  State of  Washington  is  I not lagging behind in this move-  (Continued on last pago.)  \a/HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \JL7"HAT person so independent?  V&7HAT ambition more noble than to  be^ a producer of   the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola   farmers are  independent',  they are strangers to hard times.  THE REASONS  for this  enviable  condi-  ���������*���������   tion of affairs   are   obvious to  anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild Winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  J. A. LeROY PhoneSey. 9387 J. NATION  BUS  MEETS ALL BOATS AND TRAINS  COR.  Hotel Winters  ABBOTT  AND  WATER STREETS  YANCOUVER, B. C.  EUROPEAN    PLAN    HOT ANDCOLD WATER  $1.00 TO $2.50      STEAM  HEATED  ROOMS WITH BATH  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  HOE  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of������one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C  1   EZ3  ^  (      1  1                     1  ���������<>���������<  Patronize Home Industry  and Buy RAMS AYS'  Biscuits, Candy, Macaroni  New Orleans Molasses  Manilla Drips  Imperial Maple Syrup  Ramsay Bros. & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  HOE  OABY  CHICKS. DUCKLINGS  & HATCH-  D iiiKs ������."kks: poultry und fruits form puyinK  comtiinntion. Strawberry plnnts, lno, 70 cents:  l.ixil. $.1.1X1: Currants. Ill cents : Gooseberries, 1.1  cents; Uaspberries, 5 cents; Hhulmrb, 10 cents.  I'"mil Trees, Perennial Flowers. Roses, Dtthlies,  I'linsies. etc. Carriaire prepaid. Catalogue free.  Ciias. l'KOVAN,  LANCU.KY Fort, ni'iir Vancouver.  It is foolish to waste your time  over the time you have wasted.  L  T  D  Highland Liquor Co.  Sole agents for Arthur Bell & Sons' Famous  Scotch Whiskey, Perth, Scotland.  WINES, LIQUORS and CIGARS  PROMPT ATTENTION TO ORDERS OUR MOTTO  WE   SHIP    PROMPTLY  758 Powell Street, Vancouver, B. C.  H    )<  H    )4  ���������<    M  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Yeai:  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  iiul���������ulwiimmi ���������nwrrim irari���������niimn iibim nn ���������  ��������� ���������-, r ������������������ in , ,-..������������������������,������:  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find .��������� .subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for ���������   Name   P. O   Tear out and mail today, witli amount of subscription enclosed  -������6  Hi Wt  BELLA  COOLA  COUftlER  S^clay, Jant ^       " ;M  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coast be-  tween Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred.miles  // will he to your interest to keep well informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS -  c  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public. No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of, increased  sales that public advertising brings.  The County Agriculturist���������continued.  ment.    At the last session of the  legislature   a   law   was   passed  authorizing   the   commissioners  of any  county to  provide and  appropriate funds for the salary  and expenses of a county agriculturist.      The  law   creates a  "Bureau of Farm Development,"  of which  the  Director   of 'the  State Experiment Station is Director.    The law  also provides  for co-operation with the office  of   Farm   Management  of   the  United   States   Department  of  Agriculture.    The office of Farm  Management and the State college of Washington have perfected   arrangements   for  jointly  employing a  state  leader who  will have the supervision of all  of the  county men  within the  state.  ,  THE KIND OF MEN  SELECTED.  Where it is possible to do so,  men are selected for these positions  who   were  raised upon a  farm, who have finished a four  year college course in agriculture  ajid who have had several years j  of practical experience in farming or:along investigational lines  after leaving college.    It is very  desirable that men  of -mature  judgment be selected, for a county  position  is a   most   difficult  place to fill.    So far such men  have been found for the positions  now being filled in this State.  THE WORK OF THE COUNTY  AGRICULTURIST.  Upon taking up his work the  county agriculturist will acquaint  himself as rapidly as possible  with the general agricultural  conditions of his county, study  J^EAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier  Plumbing  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of  Toronto. Let us quote you.  KYDD BROS., LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  the various types of soils and the  crops and types of farming that  have been most successful on  each type of soil.  He will search out  the most  successful and reliable farmers  in  the  county  who  follow  the  various types of farming, visit  them on their farms, study their  methods and practices in detail,  and learn their viewpoint of the  agricultural   problems   of   the  county.    He will study carefully  the methods of the farmers in  preparing their land for seeding,  methods of cultivation, kinds of  seeds used, how it is selected and  kept, and how the crops are harvested and disposed of.    He will  study the livestock kept on the  various farms and the methods  of feeding and handling thesame-  .   He will study every phase of  all the farms he visits so that he  may know what crops and cropping systems are^best adapted to  his county or the various localities of the county.    He will ascertain the field operation that  each crop or farm enterprise requires,   the. approximate jdates  when these operations should or  must  be  done,   the  amount of  work that a,man with a given  sized team can do in a day.   This  information will enable the county agriculturist to guard against  laying out more work for a farmer than he can get done with-his  equipment.   It .will.also enable  him to select crops and  other  farm   enterprises that will not  seriously compete with each other  for labor, and will give comparatively steady employment to the  farmer and his equipment during  most of the year.  Such a study also permits him  to see a farm- from a farmer's  View point, while his training  enables him to view farm-problems and farm methods from the  j scientific aspect. Practically  every individual farm has prob  lems  peculiar to itself.   These  and the financial ability of the  farmer as well as his view point  and attitude must be taken into  consideration  in giving advice.  As the county agriculturist goes  from farm to farm he passes the  good practices and methods that  he learns on the best farms on  to those that are less successf uj.  He gives the farmers the benefit  of the results of scientific investigation conducted by the various  State Experimental Stations and  the United States Department of  Agriculture.   In this way he becomes an indispensable advisor  to the farmers of his county.  The study of so many farms under so many conditions as 'well  as learning the viewpoint of so  many men; enables him to understand   better   than   anyone  else the lines along which  the  agriculture of a county should  be directed, r  After   becoming    thoroughly  convinced  that the growing of  some particular crop, the introduction or extension of some tillage practice,   the selection  of  seed wheat, corn or potatoes, and  adoption   of   some rotation  or  cropping system or a change in  the common methods of feeding  live stock would be most profitable, the county agriculturalist  arranges with reliable farmers  here and there throughout the  county to.take up these lines of  work under specific instructions.  This phase of the work is called  "Farm  Demonstrations." "   It  differs materially from "Demonstration Farms."  This movementshould give the  farmer a much higher appreciation of the value of the agricultural colleges and the State  Experiment Stations. It should  likewise point out to these institutions more clearly than they  have heretofore seen the problems of the individual farmer.  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1*95  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  Q enera I Mercha n d 5 s e  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  m  m  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING  AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  rmnn!  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  ^ TOWN. Do not talk���������support home' industries ��������� talk is  cheap. - The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    *  "POLARIN  The Best Known and Popular Lubricant for  Motor Boats  Its use assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or in cylinders  ^   ���������      ��������� - -      {������������������    ..���������������������������-���������  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  IMPERIAL OIL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B.C.  ADVERTISE IN THE COURIER"  ouner  $1 a Year  t  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  HTHE two principal reasons  ,* why you should buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  Ogilvie's  Royal Household Flour  aiways gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  From  Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mosl: sui t-  able articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  'Ss  i  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stai  HAMS  LARD  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisioners  Calgary.     Vancouver     Edmonton  ains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  m  Best Goods   Lowest Prices-Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C  ���������+  S>n,  Jan I  c >  Ne:  4,   th.  our n  Rev.  "A at the  , a nat  -Ss than'  $*#^*^^  \3^R*i*.^'^'l^V^i.4*l,V^^^


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