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Bella Coola Courier 1916-07-08

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 IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCELLENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  WFATHER REPORT FOR JUNE.  Compiled  Ly Mr. C.  H. Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 67.    Minimum, 47.  Highest Max. (17th) 79. Lowest Min. (10th) _2  Rainfall, _.2I inches.  Rainfall for the year (1915) 34.33 inches.  ���������_������_-_���������_��������� "���������  irn  VOL. 4���������NO. 38  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, JULY 8,  1916.  $1.00 a Year  Ashcroft Nearly Wiped  Out By Fire  Telegraphic Communication  With Outside World Cut Off  A very disastrous fire occurred  at Ashcroft last Wednesday and  Via\f of the town was reduced to  ashes. Among the buildings destroyed was the Dominion gov-:  eminent telegraph offices and,  as a consequence, the whole  north country including Yukon  is cut off from telegraphic communication with the outside  world.   '���������  "No information as to when the  lines will be re-opened is at hand  but the local manager believes  that by Sunday temporary connection will be effected.  After being in existence more  than a quarter of a century this  is the first big fire Ashcroft has  had, which is not a bad record.  Capt. Barney Johnson Promoted  The English newspapers are  devoting columns to the adventures of Captain Barney Johnson, the genial skipper of these  northern waters, -who went over  to England about a year ago on  submarine service, lt.seems  that when Barney's diver was  close to the German coast and  travelling at a depth of sixty  feet, she struck a mine which  blew off her bow rudder and two  tanks. Luckily the bulkheads  remained intact and the submarine was brought to the surface  with water pouring in.  As the mishap occurred off the  German coast, it was a twenty-  five hours voyage to an English  port and the battered submarine  had to travel on the surface and  dodge enemy patrols. The daring  Barney made the trip, however,  and brought his crippled little  craft safely home.  Captain Johnson has received  promotion for his achievement.  Provincial Election  September 14  Victoria, July 6.���������It is officially announced that nominations  will take place Augusts and that  elections will be held September  the 14th.  That the situation in Germany  is bad the German Chancellor admitted when a few days ago he  said:  "Let the war go on. We fear-  neither death nor devil, not even  the hunger devil which they wish  to send into the country. Our  soldiers are fashioned from a  breed that knows how to bear  privations also. These privations are here, but we "will bear  them."  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  BELLA COOLA AND DISTRICT RED  CROSS AND PATRIOTIC FUNDS  , Service at the Mission  Church at 7:30 p. m.  The Sunday services generally  held at the Mackenzie School will  be held at -the Mission Church  tomorrow evening at the usual  hour. The service will be largely  of a musical character. Rev.  Mr. Gibson will conduct the service.  The reason for the change in  placets Ibat-the schooll_GU_.e is,  undergoing repairs.  S. S. Camosun arrived in port  bright and early last Sunday  morning at 9 o'clock. After  spending several hours at the  cannery loading salmon she came  over to the government wharf.  The passengers arriving were:  Birger and Alger Brynildsen, G.  E. Bennett and F. Broughton.  The passengers going out were:  Miss Kate Draney, Miss Hutche-  son, Miss H. M. Read, Miss K.  B. Haliowes, Miss B. Balk will  and Mrs. Anderson.  STATEMENT FOR JUNE  Red Cross Fund  Collected by Miss R.  Nordschow the sum of.  Collected by Mrs. T.  Saugstad and Mrs. W.  F. Roland the sum of ..  Collected by Mr. A.  Atkins the sum of   $ 20.00  15.00  Collected by Miss M.  Clayton and Mr. Frank  Broughton the sum of.  Collected by Mr. C.  Tucker from the Ulkat-  cho Indians the sum of.  8.00  24.50  36.00  Total $ 103.50  Patriotic Fund  Collected by M{\. A\  Atkins the sum of-'r.v..: $ 7.00  Collected by Mr.  F.  Broughton the sum of. ..      4.50  Collected by Rev. H.  Sageng the sum of       4.50  Total "$16.00  As the schoolhouse is not available there will be no Sunday  School tomorrow. The boys and  girls will have a Sunday off.  Last Tuesday being the day of  the regular monthly meeting of  the Augsburg Ladies' Aid Society  the ladies from all parts of the  valley availed themselves of the  occasion to attend the meeting  and at the same time to pay a  pleasant call on the residents of  Hagensborg. The visitors from  a distance brought refreshments  and by common impulse met at  Lauretson's beautiful residence  where lunches were opened and  despatched in picnic style on the  lawn. After thus being refreshed they all adjourned to the parsonage where they were entertained by Rev. Mr. and Mrs.  Sageng in the most hospitable  manner.  When the business of the meeting had been duly disposed of  and conversation had become  general, some more refreshments  were served of which ice cream  and cake formed the most conspicuous part. As some of the  ladies had as many as ten miles  to travel to reach their homes  they had to start before darkness set in. Another reason for|  the comparatively early departure is that there is danger of  meeting bears after dark at this  season of the year. But for this  last circumstance it is hard to  Say. at what hour they would  have found it convenient to disperse.  The visit proved so pleasant in  every way that it is very likely  it will be repeated before the  summer is over.  It is surmised that there is  some mysterious connection between the unusually large exodus  of young ladies and the arrival  of the above mentioned unmarried young men. That the cause  is serious may be inferred from  the fact that only two of the  young ladies contemplate returning. Bella Coola's reputation of  confirmed bachelordom should  be overcome by our young men  and that right speedily.  Birger and Alger Brynildsen  returned after spending another  year at high school in New Westminster. During vacation they  will make themselves conspicuously .... useful.. at their father's  store and other premises, and no  doubt give Mr. Brynildsen an  opportunity of taking a well-  earned respite from his manifold  activities.  Geo. E. Bennett, the genial  representative of Leeson, Dickie,  Gross & Co., wholesale grocers  of Vancouver, came into town in  order to find out if we were in  want of food. As this is a healthy  place where good appetites are  universal, it is safe to say he has  found a large demand for the  goods he offers for sale.  Frank Broughton, the provincial constable, is unable to find  any violation of law in Bella  Coola and must therefore, in  order to keep his hand in as it  were, take frequent trips to the  outlying places to spread terror  among the evildoers. He has  just returned from such a trip;  Mrs. Anderson of Hoi berg/  Vancouver Isiand, has spent a  month in the valley with a view  of taking up her residence here.  We understand she was favorably impressed with conditions.  Harry Grainger in a letter to  a resident tells that he has crossed the channel and is now somewhere in France. He does not  know whether his duties will assign him to the rear or the trenches, but he expresses the hope  he will be sent to the trenches.  trails carrying the mails for the J local product to be recognized as  settlers who, at the outposts of j superior to any canned in British  the settlement, are.leadingrather; (rj0]um-jjja_  lonely lives. 4  Mr. Hober has accepted the  position of engineerat Johnson's  saw mill.  The annual school meetings  are being held today at Hagensborg and Lower Bella Coola.. At  the townsite the meeting will be  held at the schoolhouse on Monday.    Prior to the holding of the annual meeting the Mackenzie  School is undergoing extensive  repairs and renovation. The  roof is receiving a new coat of  paint and a new floor is being  laid inside.   Closing exercises at the various  schools in the valley were held  on June 30th. We had the pleasure together with a number oi  visitors of attending, the exercises at the Mackenzie School.  The younger scholars had recitations which, without exception,  ./ere well rendered. The older  pupils had composition, treating  of the different countries of  South America, and it is no flattery to state that the literary  efforts were all of high merit,  both as to style and contents.  Mrs. Clayton, one of the trustees, at the close of the exercises  distributed the Rolls of Honor to  the happy recipients.  Dora Christensen received one  for punctuality and regularity,  Margaret Fougner for proficiency  and Earl Carlson for deportment.  Appreciation of the worth of  Miss Balkwill, the teacher, was  shown by the audience clapping  their hands.  Dominion Day was one of the  finest days of the summer and it  , was fully enjoyed by the young  but it seems he does not care to j pe_p]e and Qther_ _f the town.  publish anything that might re--._it(.   wh_  in the cours_ ()f the  afternoon gathered on the lawn  fleet upon the reputation of  people he has met therefore he  has told us nothing, beyond the  mere fact that he saw a lot of  nice farms on the islands at the  mouth of the inlet.  The ostensible reason for the  departure of so many young  ladies at this particular time has  been given to our veracious reporter to be as follows:  The Misses Draney and Hut-  cheson left for their'respective  homes after attending the high  school entrance examination.  The Misses Haliowes and Balk-  will after laboring for a whole  year at the difficult task of imparting knowledge into youthful  and very often unwilling minds,  wentput'.during vacation to gather strength for another year's  struggle. They will be back  when school begins next month.  Miss H. M. Read who had been  similarly engaged at the Lower  Bella Coola school, has given up  the contest for good and we regret to state will not return.  at the residence of C. Carlson  for a picnic.  The time was spent playing  games and enjoying the delicacies the ladies furnished for the  occasion. We must not neglect  to mention that one of the most  pleasing exercises was the operating of a new style of hand  stump puller which had just arrived and had never been tried  before in the valley. Both the  young men and the young ladies  took part in pulling out two big  stumps, very much to the edification of Mr. Carlson who hopes  they will soon return and indulge  in the same kind of frolic.  The younger portion of the  picinicers did not leave until the  lateness of the hour arid hunger  drove them to their respective  homes.        J. W. Hober has resigned from  his position as mail carrier from  Hagensborg to Firvale and Atnarko. John Creswell will in the  future traverse  the roads and  Before the heavy rains of the  last few days there was a forest  fire in progress near Gasebeer's  place above Firvale. Firewarden  Marvin with a crew of m^n had  it under control before the rains  quenched it entirely.  His Majesty's Mail Gets  Through.  M. W. Marvin, postmaster at  Atnarko writes the Courier as  follows: The highest water on  record in the Upper Valley occurred on Tuesday, 27th, and  Wednesday, 28th June, when the  Atnarko River rose 6 ft. 7-in.  from the normal level. The trail  was flooded for stretches of a  mile and in places the water  covered the saddle girths. Bridges were floating and drift wood  and muddy water made travelling  on horseback a dangerous undertaking. In spite of that the  mail was not delayed an hour and  Mr. J. W. Hober reached Atnarko post office on schedule time,  drenched, but cheerful, as he  has done through all the time  of contract, through floods, mud,  snowstorms and slides, without  a single break.  Haying is now in full swing  throughout the Bella Coola valley. The crop gives promise of  plenty of fodder for the coming  winter. The rather cold and wet  spring gave the settlers some  anxiety as to the outcome of the  hay crop, but as the season advanced the prospects become  more reassuring; and in the last  two weeks the favorable weather  conditions have made up for all  delinquencies of the earlier part  of the season.  The potato crop is looking up  and expected to be large, although considerably less advanced than at this time in former  years.   The reports from Rivers Inlet  are to the effect that not many  salmon have made their appearance so far. The idea is prevalent among cannery men that the  backwardness of the season affects the coming in of the fish to  the inlets.  At Bella Coola the run of spring  salmon has been very good and  this fish has been two weeks  later in running compared with  previous seasons.  A shipment of one thousand  cases of this year's salmon pack  was taken out by the Camosun  s  last week.  The local cannery management  exercises particular care in the  canning of the salmon and this  fact together with the excellent  quality of the fish frequenting  the Bella Coola river makes the  A great many of the interior  Indian population arrived in town  last week. These braves come  here from all over the northern  inland; and trails seldom or ever  trodden by white men are .used  by these red brethren in order to  come out to the coast in search  of work and to obtain supplies.  The villages of Cluskus Lake,  Ulkatcho, and many others are  abandoned for the present and  will so remain until the inhabitants return in the fall.  Bella Coola has the distinction  of being the onJy place on the  coast of British Columbia'���������wheie  nature has provided a pasp.for  those of the great inland who  want to come to the coast." Even  in the early days a large trade  was carried on between Bella  Coola and the tribes (known as  Stick Indians) living east of the  mountain range. Previous to  the building of the Grand Tiurk  Pacific railway, natives from  Hazelton, Ootsa Lake, -Fort. St.  James, Fort Fraser and-as,;'far  east as the Rocky Mountains,  were annual visitors- to -Bella  Bella Coola, bringing out their  fur catches and returning with  their horses laden with-supplies  of various kinds. But now with  the railroad running thro'ughthat  section of the country their trading is done in the towns nearest  to their rancheries.  The last of the season's catch  of furs is here and being bought  up by the local merchants.   .  The New Pulp Mill Town.  Ocean Falls, the new pulp mill  town, is without a doubt the  busiesf place in British Columbia  at the present. Buildings that  were put up at the time that the  original mill was constructed aie  now being taken down to make  room for others more adapted to  the new plans that the company  are carrying out; this fact applies  to the installing of machinery as  well.  The town has one of the best  hotels on the coast, and also a  hospital to take care of the sick  and persons injured in the company's service.  To Ensure a "Good Catch"  Get One of the Famous  mmoL}  ������_____.  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO.,  Stock Only the Best Fishing Tackle  SELLA COOLA, B.C. p  ip  hi  ���������...!. $  rj  _?  BELLA COOLA COURIER  Salurd,  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Cooi^. Publishing Co. Ltd.  S> /9j6  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1 Year 7$1.00  G Months       0.75  3 Months    0.50  United States  1  Year. $1.50  United Kingdom  1 Year $1.00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their, copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising  Rates, ��������� Apply at  Office.  'To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonym. :is communications will be published, the  name and address of every writer of such letters  must be (_iven to the editor.  The Editor reserves, the risrht to refuse publication of any letter. All manuscript at writer's  risk.  "������&t .its pupil It saprsmn rat _������_."  SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1916.  A Bold Statement.  Premier Bowser said that his  minister of .public, works, .Hon.  Thos. Taylor, had spent $35,000,-  0)0 and not a dollar had gone  astray.    We -in Bella Coola can  hardly believe these kind of statements even if Mr. Bowser made  them.    We, know   quite to the  contrary of tens of thousands of  dollars  ostensibly  appropriated  for road work that have gone in-  .   to the pockets of grafters and  hangers-on of the government.  We also know of public works,  constructed that, was so -faulty  .'that they, had to be pulled down  and rebuilt and thereby doubled  the cost.    We know of horses,  bought and kept at the expense  of the public"chest, which have  ������:.returned no revenue to the tax-  ��������� payers..   We know of roads that  have been built side by side in  threes.and fours.    We know of  roads built.that never have been  used and never will be.  We know  of several dump carts and a road  vince and particularly in the northern section. The Courier fully  agrees with what the Empire has  to. say on this score and anything  that we can do to change conditions for the better we shall be  glad to do.  One fault we find  with   th-.  Conservative press is that when  good times were here and all and  sundry had a few dollars in their  pockets, they said nothing about  what might happen, and no provision was pointed out as necessary for a rainy day.   .Real estate was booming in the cities,  the main business was"real estate, and the city chap was all  for. himself and   did not care  what became of the rest of the  province.     The government of  Britisli Columbia was also in the  real estate business and took the  people's money and  gave it to  multi-millionaires  for the purpose   of   building   railways   to  places where there were sufficient railways before, and thereby  kept up the excitement of the  real  estate craze to  the great  detriment of the outlying sections of the province.  As a consequence, no foundation was laid for industries that  would now have been kept going  and proved the very thing that  this.province needed .to keep the  treasury filled.    But as it is, we  find that British Columbia is up  against it, the revenue is falling  off by the millions of,dollars and  there is nothing in  immediate  sight to stop this.    All the land  that the speculator asked 'for, all  the timber and   anything else  that   was   handy  McBride and  Bowser sold;- the money came  into .the treasury and-from there  it was handed out to be squandered in extravagant enterprises  and wasteful methods.  We were not wise. If we had  been more careful during the  good times-we would had money  to loan, but instead of that we  are now borrowing, and.not only  DECLINE SUBSTITUTES  Mr. Bowser has not impoverished himself during these times  and certainly does not suffer in  pocket even if the province does.  Let us all get together and clean  the parasites out of the  body  politic, install a new government  and then see to it that the new  government stay clean and work  Tor the good  of the province.  The Conservative press will receive greater benefits from the  general development of the province along well defined business  lines than through a little petty  graft from time to time.  province but also to provide for  the interest due on the debts of  gross mismanagement, we are  obliged to pay exorbitant interest  charges on all the loans we make.  But we must have the money  and therefore must pay the price  roller bought-and paid for that  are never used.    Yet in the face | borrowing for the needs of the  of these facts Mr. Bowser travels  ��������� through British Columbia at the  taxpayers expense and brazenly  tells the people that his minister  of public; works has   not misapplied a dollar out of the thirty-  five millions   that have passed  through' his hands.    While Mr.  Bowser has been telling these  things in the past and the people  have swallowed his statements,  no such tales will be believed any  longer and  the voters will  express their disbelief at the polls  in the next election.  The Omineca Herald, whichjn  times past told the people of the  North to vote for Mr. William  Manson, now has this to say  about that gentleman: "Ordin-  f ily a constituency is proud to  have its member in the cabinet.  This North country is not proud  of William Manson, and his appointment proves to us the weak-  nes of the Bowser cabinet."  The Courier can only add that  we are actually ashamed to have  a parson of Manson's stamp  either in the cabinet or as a representative, and we predict he  will not remain- long in either  capacity.-  o     o     o     o     c  Sowing and Reaping.  The Prince Rupert Empire is  devoting considerable space in  its efforts to bring about better  conditions throughout this pro-  A Conservative Voices His  Opinion.  .-The excitement caused by the  evidence given in the investigation of the plugging, at the^Van-  couver by-election is evidently  subsiding. Very little reference  is made to it in the public press,  neither does it seem that the  attorney-general of the province  is taking sufficient interest in the  matter to follow the suggestion  of the legislative committee to  continue the investigation;'  It is interesting to notetthat a  prominent Conservative, a man  who has sat in the Dominion  cabinet as a minister of the  Crown, a man who is one of the  leading lawyers of the Dominion,  Sir Charles H. Tupper, has written a letter to Mr. M. A_.:Ma.c-  donald in which he says that  none of the mud thrown at him  has stuck.    He as a man of keen  that it proved nothing of what  it was intended to do.  We have been asked to reproduce the letter which is as follows:  "My dear Macdonald,���������I have  to go to Winnipeg on an important appointment, otherwise I  would be glad to attend the public, meeting which I.understand  is to be addressed by Mr. Brewster and you.  Some other opportunity will  occur when' I can personally express my admiration for the  manner in which Mr. Brewster  and you discharged your duties  during the last session; and for  the complete justification so afforded of :those Conservatives  who, like myself, voted for you  at the by-election.  None of the mud so persistently thrown at you has stuck. You  have signally shown that the  reputation of an honest man cannot be affected by the machinations of a desperate, discredited  conglomeration of political op-  ponets, even though the public-  chest be open to them in their  malicious work.  It is beyond question that the  government of this province" is  tottering to its fall, and, in my  opinion, unless much of the legislation of the last session is repealed by the next government,  its fate will be the same.  I firmly believe that the people  as a whole are determined to  have clean', honest government  and sane legislation, and care  little what party flag is flown.���������  Yours faithfully,  Charles Hibbert Tupper."  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd  VANCOUVER, B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  "MADE    IN    B. C  Send for Catalogue  Prompt Attention Given Letter Order.  COFFEE  The Coffee of Distinction  because   of   its   exquisite  flavor  Packed in our new hygienic  AIR-TIGHT TIN  railway millionaires; and as our IintelIect '^dhigh legal standing  credit has been impaired by the should he considered competent  authority, to pass upon the  strength "of the evidence brought  out against the Liberal leaders  in that investigation and hein  the expression referred to says  The Northern Tour.  From the late northern papers  we have gathered some information of how Hon. W. J. Bowser  and his retinue were received on  their late political trip through  the northern districts.  Our apologies are not due Mr.  Bowser for palling this trip a  political one, in opposition to his  assertion that it was made at  the expense of the province for  the purpose of learning the needs  of'the'rcoun.try..'"..  In reading the speeches delivered by" the party it does not  take a very astute person to discover that to ingratiate themselves with the voters and injure  the opposition was the main object and the learning about the  needs of the country was only a  pretext to enable the party to  have a junketing trip at the expense of the taxpayers; to save  The W. H. Malkin Company, Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  their own purses.  That the people who turned  out to the meetings were very  cold and almost wholly irresponsive to the pleas of the trained  persuaders is the feature that  seems the most prominent about  the meetings.  The Conservative paper, the  Journal of Prince Rupert, complains that there was organized  disturbance at the meeting held  in that city. The Liberal paper,  The News, stoutly denies the  charge by saying that if that had  been the case no meeting could  have been held. The speakers  were given an hearing; but that  the cheering was faint must be  admitted.  Asan indication of the f.i.ir.ps  of the meeting at Prince _.\_Y*t.  may be mentioned that when Mr.  Manson in his speech re.cm.  to the vote plugging in Vancouver someone   called   fot   three  cheers   for   Macdonald,   which  were given with a will.   A lone  voice suggested   the  .{.me for  Mr.   Bowser   but   there was a  dead, cold silence.  Mr. Bowser in a (oUowing  speech tried to refer to the Cos-  den trial; but he had (o cut that  out and switch to the discussion  of the Agricultural Act which  proved more agreeable.  On the Vancouver Island tour  HY tot )Zx  Whips Like  Cream,   Costs   Less  Sta^s fresh longer, it's cleaner. That's  why "Canada First" {Evaporated) Milk  is Canada's Best Milk. See Dominion  Government Bulletin No. 305.  Ash\ your Qrocer.  AYLMER  CONDENSED   MILK  CO.,  Ltd.  AYLMER,   ONTARIO  . \  .__7  ?���������?  .;  *3?  r  A  ?!���������!__  no]  _=2l  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT AND PASSENGER SEUVH K  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  O. O.      CamOSlin      Leaves   Vancouver  every  Thursday at 9 p.m.       (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Sundays a. m.  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  S.S. "COQUITLAM" sails from Vancouver  nightly, carrying Gasoline and Explosives, wil  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  I  H. A^0rn^tes of���������Freieht8������ Fares and other information, "PI'  ������������������_? .���������iC������J' Carrall St., Vancouver; or Gko. MrCux  ���������agent.  1003 Government St., Victoria  HOE  3  ���������_rj Saturday, hly A  1916  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  i__  "3  gr. Bowser allowed a Liberal to  make a speech at the meeting  held at Comox, and the meeting  developed into a Liberal demonstration.   That experience was  n0 doubt the reason why no Lib-,  erals were allowed to speak at  most of the northern meetings.  A. Prince Gaorge three opponents were permitted   to   make  ���������short speeches and they evoked  |far more enthusiasm  than the  ! ministers.   T  The object of 'the tourisappar-  lent.   It was simply an effort to  [bribe the electorate to support a  discredited administration      Tn1 .nil     t__ t.  ouduun.     ln S01J>    Ihe Russians are keeping  order to gain that support the  ministers were liberal in their  promises. Anything asked for  or hinted at was promised. Our  credit is good.  o     o     o     o     o  A More Favorable Outlook.  The most interesting topic of  the day should be the progress  of the war. We are glad to note  that the favorable aspects chronicled in our last issue still continue.  The Italians are pressing the  Austrians back  on to Austrian  SOLD BY ALL DEALERS  .'v\  ���������i\ 'V ...  ��������� ___ .i___ate������&Mgg  A few lines we specially  recommend  Great West Tea  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Griff en & Skelleys  famous gold _md  si Iver bar���������  Canned and dried  fruits  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B.C.  up their highly successful drive  on the eastern front, chasingand  capturing the Austrians in the  southern  portion and  resisting  the strong German  assaults in  the north.    The French with incomparable patience and fortitude are holding back the Germans at Verdun, persistenly refusing to accept any assistance  from the British forces holding  the  lines  further  north.    It is  supposed that the very strong  and  persistent German assault  at Verdun is for the purpose of  disarranging a certain concerted  plan of action on the part of the  Allies, and France refuses to allow Germany to attain that object by calling for aid from the  British.  That the situation on the many  battlefronts is such as to shake  the self-confidence of the Germans is becoming steadily more  and more apparent. Openly and  almost vehemently Germany is  now asking that negotiations for  peace be started. Her terms are  becoming more reasonable as the  losses pile up and the hope of  victory fades.  How the highest authorities of  Germany view the outcome may  be gathered from an account  published .in the Paris Journal of  a secret council held in Berlin  twoweeksago. At this meeting  Dr. von Bethmann-Hollwegmade  the following statement:  "Our situation is bad, but if  everything goes well we can stay  a few more - months. If the  people will be satisfied with small  returns we can last until March,  1917."  The Conservatives demanded  the resumption of unrestrained  submarine operations. In reply  the chancellor said:  "We.have only 20 high seas  submarines, divided into squadrons of five. One of these squadrons is always in dock for repairs.  Our other submarines are necessary for coast defense."  The   Conservatives   then  de-  nanded the instant building oi  more submarines.    Admiral von  Cappelle,   minister   of   marine,  replied that last year more could  not be built because of the shortage of certain metals.  The chancellor then said:  "Not a day  passes but I am  visited by Austro-Hungarian and  Turkish deputies who threaten a  separate peace unless we cease  the  submarine  warfare.    They  fear that after the war the allies  and United States will entirely  paralyze their overseas trade."  Dr.   Helfferich   the  imperia  treasurer, remarked:  "Financially we can last  through the war, but afterward  bankruptcy is inevitable. We  already have lost billions of  marks in exchange."  Foreign Minister von Jagow  said:  "The only great power we are  not at war with is the United  States. Spain is favorable to us.  The Swedish government and  big Swedish business interests  are with us. Norway is hostile.  The Danish, ministry is with us,  but the Danish people are against  us. Holland is frankly pro ally.  Switzerland is not exactly among  our enemies, but is rather against  us."  Angered at the attitude of the  Conservatives, Dr. von Beth-  mann-Hollweg banged the table  with his fist and exclaimed:  "Remember,   gentlemen,   we  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  pOAL MINING EIGHTS of the Dominion, in  >" Mamtoha, Saskatchkwan and Albekta,  the Yukon Tehuitory, the North-west Tekri-  touies and in a portion of the Province of  British Columbia, muy be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of SI an  acre. Not more than 2.&.0 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Ajfent or Sub-Aj.ent  of the district in which the riKhts applied for  are _ituat.d.  In surveyed territory the land muat be'described by section.., or le_ral subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the riKhts  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the AKent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  j'the royalty thereon. If the coal minim, rights  >'are not beinj-v operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The )eu.se will include the coal mining: rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of . 10.00 an acre.  For full infotmation application should be  made to the S<...lury of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.��������� Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30690.  BUSINESS CARDS  HOC  O  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  HOE  Dealers and Trappers  / hcMason& RischPiano  of to-day will make plain our  privilege to stale with authority:  "NO  FINER  PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  ^Jf  Let us attend  your Victor Record  jJ   mail orders���������our service is intelligent  Write for Catalogue  and guaranteed.  1.  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  &i!iiil__i__������l������I___i������_  _______ -f_-i__-_-^ ���������J~ ���������=--r-r=-=_.j3a^,- -..___. ���������_r-  ���������, fc^=r__=__ Z=.���������=.  \\7HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \X7HAT person so independent?  \A/HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola   farmers are  independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  HTHE REASONS for this enviable condi-  *��������� tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  DELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  @  have only one means of salvation. That is to detach France  from the entente. We must obtain a breakdown of the French  confidence at all costs."  Thereupon the Conservatives  demanded that a great blow be  struck France, no matter at what  sacrifice.  The chancellor pointed out that  the greatest possible sacrifices  were being made at Verdun without overcoming French resistance  Gcf'More Monoy" for your Foxes  Muskrar, White Weasel, Denver. Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in your section  SHIP YOUR FDRS DTJ.F.CT ������o "SH UI.E1.T" the lamest  house In Ihe World _c���������lin_ exclusively In NORTH AMERICAN RAW FliUS  n reliable���������responsible���������sm'_ Fur Iluus. with an unblemi. lied reputation existing for "more than a third of a century." a Ion*, successful record of sending Kur Shii>!>its prompt,SATISFACTORY  AND PROFITABLE returns. Write for "7fjt _>&ubtrt febippcr."  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  Write for i.-NO .. ��������� it's FREE  AR  QUI TRFRT It./.   25-27 west AUSTIN a ve.  . JB. brlUHLK 1, Inc. Dept c 67 Chicago. u.s.a.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER.  Subscriptions  Payable in  Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Month.    0.75  Thi.ei_ Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Ykak  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  ���������������������������--���������---  irTTr-ir_-__r~TTiTnriiiMTrrrif-iiir n  iiinnim "���������"  *"i-i ��������� n nTr -     -"   --���������-���������"���������- ,_-���������������������������___���������-.---.  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.        '  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name.   P. O   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed A  BELLA  COOLA COURIER  Saturday, jujy ^  ___]  HOE  sen  Education in Farmihg.  ' If our, country is to,;be developed in a degree adequate to the  demands of a growing population  would  hot. be tolerated  in the'  teaching of any other calling.  The only way to obtain a practical  agricultural   education  at  agricultural education''is: essen- j Present is to go tasome agricul-  tiaj in the rural schools at least, jtural college. Few farmers can  At the present time most of the 1 afforcl to send their sons away  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coa_t between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  ..   A distance of six hundred miles  /<  // will be to your interest to keeP WQH informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  ������������������ GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public. No .manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford "to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings. ���������  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  rintin  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  ��������� TOWN. Do not' talk���������support home industries��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support trie "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  The iouri  $1 a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  -mimrrr-iiii     n  m  Canadian provinces provide instruction in elementary agriculture for pupils wh(..attend public  schools. The teachers���������for the  most part girls���������are given a  month's training and are then  graduated as -instructors of the  subject.     ;:  They have in that time been  prepared to teach/the future farmer in botany, entomology, gardening/animal, husbandry and  nature study. -  Such teachers cannot teach  practical agriculture and everybody knows it, the farmer even  despises the useless information  for a lengthy period at considerable expense. The departments  of agriculture of the Dominion  and the provinces, are making  enei-geti.c efforts to give the  farmers practical advice; but in  spite of their excellent work they  only touch the fringes of the  mass of farmers. .'  Agriculture, advanced enough  to be of practical benefit, cannot  be taught apart from the farm.  Why should there not be a school  farm? Farming could then be  studied as a scienceTas an art,  and as a business.  Farming is now and will con-  imparted  by  this  system.     To|timie to be  a  highly profitable  have farming taught by a person j business   if   thoroughly under-  who has no practical knowledge  on the subject is a method that  "cheers and refreshes  at any hour of the day.  [ You get the most delicious tea when you  use  _������_________  fttarar Sold  InBulk.  mm  ',___..   TEA  stood and run according to business principles.    Itshould therefore- not involve any great expenditure of public funds to con-  iduct a school ' farm   in   every  .community.    In fact it is main-  i tained that a school farm conducted   by  a  practical  man on  business principles would afford  dividends on the capital in vested.  prove practical That the work  of conducting the schools in the  beginning would be of a somewhat tentative nature must be  expected, but as the work .progressed, experience would be  gained, improved methods devised so that in the course of  comparatively, few years every  farmer's boy would receive instruction qualifying him for the  most important calling in the  land���������that of farming.    ���������;'.'  .   ,  In the case of Bella Coola it  may be pointed out that the government ,is> conducting an experimental plot. It is doing good  work in demonstrating the agricultural capabilities of the valley.  There should not be insuperable  obstacles to overcome; in. order  to unite the work of the experi-  1 mental farm with thatof a school  farm.  Conduct a never-ceasing warfare on weeds.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   OP   COAST���������BANO-E   III.  Take Notice.that Oliver T. Kelloff, of  Hagensborg,-B. C, occupation farmer,  intends to apply for permission to purchase the following desci-ibcd land:  Commencing at a post planted at the  south-west corner of Lot 6, thence east  and following the south boundary of  Lot 6, forty chains; thence south five  chains and fifty links to the north bank  of the Noeek River; thence westerly  arid following the northerly bankof the  We are ennfidpnt f hat f_.  n._    ' N���������oe..k River fifty chains to the shore  weaieconnaenttnatthepi.ac-.of   South   Bentink  Arm;   thence in a  ticalmen  in the various govern-������ f.ortherly  direction along   said   shore  .    . .        i ! hne seven chains to the south boundary  mental  departments  of agricul- ' of Lot 6; thence easterly and following  , .,,.    . -  ,, ,, , , the south boundary of Lot 6 ten chains  ture Will,   it  they earnestly set  to point of commencement, containing  about it,  be  able to  work out  plans for such .schools that will  30 acres,' more or less  OLIVER T. KELLOG. ���������  Daled. June 24, 1916. July .--Sept. 2.  ^^_S  5-R=_jr  .22   -  Ammunition  etnin&ioii  The cleanest, snappiest sport in the World  ���������. _���������" ���������  22  Rifles  You can make sure of it by using the same shrewdness in the choice of your .22 Rifle that you'd use in  choosing your Remington UMC shot gun or high  power rifle. -,"...'���������.���������        _  .Take the Remington UMC .22 Repeater���������with  its  solid breech, famous slide action,  that sends 16 shots on the target  as   fast  as   you   can  *fe&  ful "Autoloader," that "streams" Its 16 shots as  fast as you can pull the trigger. Or the Remington  UMC Single Shot, remarkable-for its accuracy and  rugged strength. One hundred years of experience  built into every one.  For .22 Ammunition call for Remington UMC .22  Short, .22 Long, or .22 Long Rifle, and be sure of a  good day's sport. The fastest, cleanest-hitting cartridges you can buy. . -  JK??%:  Hf^2/  pump.  Or the wonder-  Go to the dealer who displays the Red Ball trade mark of Remington UMC  Remington Arms Union Metallic Cartridge Co.  (Contractors to the British imperial and Colonial Governments) 163  London, Eng. WINDSOR, ONTARIO      New York, U.S.A.  REMINGTON;  UMC TJ  _������ _>-  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of  Toronto. Let us quote you.  KYDD BROS., LIMITED  Vancouver, S. C.  "THE two principal reasons  why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  HAMS  Ggfilvie's  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA 'COOLA 1N ] yyr,  nildsen  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General iVIerchancfIse  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING  AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    <v  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look'over  our stock. Nothing but the moft suitable articles are kept at prices thai  invite competition.  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stai  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisioners  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  From  ALL GOOD GROCERS.  ns  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  i___  Wf&  I Best Goods- Lowest Prices   Largest Stock  IT'S  CANADA'S  BEST FLOUR  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C.  -r___i__>gn"������3���������"

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