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Bella Coola Courier 1916-07-01

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 ***V .-S8S  IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCELLENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  *fe^g������i������iimiiiii(pn������*������i������i������igYHu������ii������iju������Ynii.iiii������iiiiS  ^^"���������aw '.J..-.   r      1 . i_ ^  VOL. 4���������NO. 37  WEATHER REPORT FOR MAY.  . Compiled  by  Mr. C. H. Urseth, of the-  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 61.   Minimum   41.  Highest Max. (25th) 80. Lowest Min. (9th) 30  Rainfall, 0.57 inches.  Rainfall for the year (1915) 34.33 inches.  BELLA COOLA, B.C., SATURDAY, JULY I,  1916.  $1.00 a Yesr  Germany's Ultimatum  to Switzerland  Paris. June 29. ���������The German  demands on Switzerland for an  exchange of commodities are in  the form of an ultimatum which  expires at six o'clock Thursday  night, June 29.  Greek Army to Disband  ���������Athens;- June 29.���������The situation in Greece remains critical  and full of uncertainty although  the demands of the  Allies are  biing rapidly carried out.    The  royal dacree for the demobiliza  tion of the Greek army was signed  by King Co.nstantine yesterday  afternoon and-Venizelos' adherent, Zymbrakakis, is to be sworn  in as 'chief of police today.  Activity on Verdun Front  French Clean Up  German Trenches  Paris, June 29.���������Nine of the  German divisions concentrated  in the recent attack on Thau-  mbnt, north of Verdun, have  bsen definitely identified. Between Avocourt, on extreme  left of French front at Verdun,  and Sc. Mihiel, on extreme right,  total 23 divisions, including six  half Bavarian divisions. German  troops last night delivered another attack -on French positions  near Fleury on sectorv^erdun  front over which violent fighting has been in progress for several days, assault checked by  French fire. Spirited fighting  occurred near Thaumont works,  which Germans captured several  days ago, but no change took  plnce in the situation there.  West of Meuse infantry fighting of importance. Artillery engagements occurred in sector of  Avocourt and Chatlancourt. Last  night south of Cassigny, Germans endeavored to deliver several surprise attacks upon minor  French posts, all efforts failed.  In Champagne district strong  party of the enemy which was  trying to reach our lines  along the road from St. Hilaire  Grande to St. Stouplet was dispersed and six of the party captured, including one officer.  Paris, June 30.��������� Violent bombardment last night and during  entire day. Germans attacked  French positions northwest of  Thiaumont, Verdun sector, and  were repulsed with heavy losses.  French machine guns and curtain  of fire is declared to have defeated the attackers. In Champagne district near Tahure, in a  surprise attack we cleaned up  certain first line .trenches of the  enemy and penetrated in several  places as far as the second line.  Here we blew up a number of  sheltering places.  Another Haul by Russians  Petrograd, June 30.���������Russian  troops fighting in Volhynia and  Galicia yesterday took prisoners  221 officers and 10,295 men.  British on the Move  T. D. Pattullo Meets His  Friends  Russia's Big Haul  Petrograd, June 29.���������According to reports from General  Busiloff's army the total number  of prisoners and booty captured  between June 4 and 23, amounted  to 4031 officers, 194,911 soldiers,  219 guns, 044 machine guns, 19G  bomb throwers, 14G artillery  caissons and 38 search lights.  Carranza's Reply Expected  Washington, June 29.���������War  department officials believe they  have perfected arrangements by  which ample supplies of good  equipment, and clothing can be  provided for all troops called to  the Federal service no matter  how great the numbers may be.  Up to noon no o"ffiei*l><wdrd had  been received ^8tr?.'-Carranza.  Today is regarded by Washington officials as the crucial day in  the negotiations with Mexico,  jt id probably the last day allow-  l"g Carranza to comply with  United States demand to release  23 troopers held prisoners at  Chihuahua,  British Headquarters, France,  June 30.���������Cannonading of unusual violence with numerous  trench raids continued yesterday  all along the British front, above  the general roar of guns were  occasional outbursts of concentrated artillery on both sides of  the trenches. British used gas  and smoke to cover their trench  raids on the Ypres salient. Many  d^ad Germans who had perished  by gas were found in the Teuton's  first line of trenches. Germans  retaliated with terrific bombardment of the Canadian positions  on Obervatory ridge and Sorrel  hill.    Italian Steamers Torpedoed  London, June 29.���������Two Italian  steamers have been torpedoed  in the Mediterranean, both believed to been route for America.  London, June 30. ��������� Officially  announced that Italian steamers  Montilleo, Roma and Pino were  sunk by German submarine; part  of the crews were saved.  Juarez, June 30.���������The twenty-  three American troopers taken  prisoners at Carrizal arrived here  at 10 o'clock last night.  Berlin, June 30. ���������Sofia reports  indicate that Bulgaria is growing uneasy owing to possible consequences of Greece's eapitula-  of the Entente allies demands.  Rome, June 30.-- Pope has or-  At the Mackenzie school on  Monday-evening the populace of  the townsite gathered to attend  a meeting held in the interest of  good government. ,The wet  weather was responsible for the  fact that only a few ladies graced  the occasion by their presence.  As the time is fast approaching when the women shall also  share the responsibility with the  men of dealing intelligently with  theafFairs of government, it is  to be hoped they will be as keenly interested as the men in the  issues of the day. The meeting  was well attended and was called  to order by Mr. B. Brynildsen,  president of the local Liberal  Association. In a few remarks  he introduced the speaker of the  evening Mr. T. D. Pattullo of  Prince Rupert, the Liberal candidate of this district for the  provincial legislature.  Mr. Pattullo is no strangei  here, having held meetings in  the valley about a yeai- ago. His  speaking is in the conversational  style and is smooth, calm and  even. Without resorting to any  rhetorical means he held the attention of the audience from  start to finish for about one hour  in a speech that bore evidence:  of his sincerity and earnestness.  In opening, Mr. Pattullo referred to the desirability of the  representative of the district  representing all the people of the  district irrespective of what their  politics may be. That government by road bosses and cliques  must cease and government and  administration must be conducted in the interests of the people  as a whole.  Referring to the plugging in  Vancouver, Mr. Pattullo said that  the situation revealed was nauseating in the extreme and that  the general conclusion arrived  at was that a determined effort  had been made to bring discredit  not only upon Mr. Macdonald but  upon the whole Liberal party and  to this end a Liberal organizer  had been bought over by the government forces. If Mr. Bowser  was anxious to have the whole  matter cleaned up he should  grant immunity to this organizer  who is now a refugee in the United States to return to Canada  and give evidence as to just who  the men were at the bottom of  the trouble. Bowser refuses to  do  this   and   contents   himself  | disgusted   every   clean   minded  ! person.     Mr. Macdonald  was a  dor Gerard.  Convicted of High Treason  London, June 30. -Jury this  afternoon found Sir Roger Casement guilty of high treason.  Lord Reading, chief justice of  England, pronounced sentence  of death. After Sir Roger had  been sentenced, Daniel J. Bailey,  private soldier,, and held as an  accomplice was placed in the  dock. Chief justice directed the  jury to return a verdict of not  guilty and Bailey was discharged.  dered general communion of ch.l- j wUh havinff brouffhl over crooks  dren   throughout    the   (.alholic | anJ  thuffS-from  Seattle lo ������ive  world on July 30. anniversary of jovidenee whieh ]ed nowhere, but  the commencement oi world war  for imploring peace.  "British protest concerning al-; j. n0) ciean> upright man who was  leged starvation of British pris- jesLined to take a leading part  onersat the German prison camps jin theatfairs of the province for  has been presented by Ambassa-J many yoars to come.  Referring to the criticism of  Mr. Brewster indulged in by the  government supporters with regard to the issue of the writ by  that gentleman, Mr. Pattullo was  in- thorough accord with Mr.  Brewster and said that if the  Election Act had not been amended at the last session of the  legislature Mr. Brewster would  not have applied for the writ because even if all that was done  during the past session were illegal the next legislature could  make valid anything  that had  been done illegally; but in view  of the fact that the Electiom  Act was changed it simply mean.1  that if the last legislature sat  illegally the new legislature,  which will be elected under the  amended elections act, will necessarily sit illegally and therefore  could not possibly validate anything that had been done. It was  therefore extremely desirable  that the question shculd be settled at once otherwise there  would be confusion worse confounded. Mr. Bowser of course  was trying to make political  capital out of the situation b>  stating throughout the country  that Brewster was holding the  business of the country back, but  as a matter of fact Brewster had  suggested several ways to Bowser to bring on an immediate  hearing of the case, but Bowset  preferred to continue .the" course  of misrepresentation in order to,  if possible, gain some political  advantage. Mr. Brewster had  more than made good at the last  session of the legislature and  was constantly increasing his  prestige.  Mr. Pattullo pointed out how  Bowser had sat tight until after  the Vancouver election when he  completely lost his head and was  ready to promise anything ana  everything  in  order  to  secure  popular favor.    To this end he  started to steal the Liberal platform.    Unfortunately in his attempt to adopt the Liberal platform he had only further exemplified the incapacity which had  marked the government administration   for   the   past   thirteen  years, and many of the measures  now proposed by the government  would only lead to further disaster as proposed to be carried  out by the Bowser administration.    As a matter of fact the  Bowser administration could not  possibly remedy the present situation evenlf it wanted to, foi  the reason  that it was circumscribed by interests which would  not let it move a hand.    If Bowser was returned   to  power In-  would  double cross   the   people  just as  he  double crossed  the  liquor interests, just as he double  crossed McBride and just as he  will double cross anybody whenever it is in his power to do so  to further his own interests.  Mr. Pattullo's arraignment  was chiefly founded upon Bowser's own appraisal of his government. He showed how Mr.  Bowser had admitted the charges  made by theopposition, but tried  to brazen the situation through.  The speaker also took occasion  to point out the constructive  policy of the Liberal party and  referring to the immediate problems of the valley he thoroughly  sympathized   with    the   people  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  S. S. Camosun true to her re  cord came in on Sunday morning  at 9 o'clock, and the usual crowd  were on hand to greet incoming  passengers and see the outgoing  ones off.  ��������� The run of salmon has not fairly started yet. The catch during  the week was light although as  good as might be reasonably expected. The heavy rains may  have been a contributory cause.  T. D. Pattullo on his way home In renewing his subscription  from a business trip to Califor- to the Courier Mr. Ephraim Sev-  nia called. j erinson (late of Bella Coola) says  | the Courier is a welcome visitor  I and of much interest to him.  Miss Marjorie Clayton returned  from a fewa weeks visit with  friends in Victoria.  Hans Helgeson after staying  at the hotel for a few weeks left  on Monday for Hagensborg to  enjoy life on a farm. He will  during.his stay stop at Mrs.  Nordschow's home.  T. McCrae, timber inspector,  paid us a flying visit in the beginning of the week on his  monthly tour of inspection.  We noticed there wei e a number of loggers on the street during his stay. They availed themselves- of the opportunity to be  licensed and located for logging.  The business of logging is very  brisk along the neighboring inlets this season.  F. W. Strain after spending  several months with us as the  builder and chief factotum of-the  Johnson saw mill Jeft. for Vancouver. As he has accepted a  good position elsewhere we regret to state he will not return.  His son accompanied him.  Mr. and- Mrs. A. R. Neale who  have spent three weeks in locking over the entire valley came  down from the upper reaches  last Saturday and left for a trip  to Victoria before returning to  their home at Prince Rupert.  Mr. Neale in his official capacity as provincial horticulturist^  has during his stay studied the  character and possibilities of our  beautiful valley with a view of  directing how to improve and  develop our agricultural resour-  Pattullo Speaks at Hagensborg  A well attended meeting was  held in the Colony Hall, Hagensborg, on Wednesday night when  Mr. Pattullo spoke particularly  to the farmers along the line of  development that had to be inaugurated under a new government at Victoria. In every other  province throughout this large  Dominion one will find prosperity  on every hand, but it is the lot  of British Columbia, with all her  natural resources, to find ihe  people reduced almost to poverty.  Continuing, Mr. Pattullo said  that things were so bad now in  general that the people of British  Columbia had to stop. The borrowing of millions of dollars  every year and handing it out to  grafters in handsome commissions had to stop.  Mr. H. Helgeson, a former  member of the legislature, spoke  for some time and show.ed instance after instance wheie the  taxpayers money has been wasted  for the exclusive benefit of the  government's hangers-on.  Miss Hallowes advised those  present to see that the referendum of woman's suffrage was  adopted. Many of the provinces  now had given women a chance  to vote and in doing so there  would certainly be less chance  for men to be elected to parliament who are not of the right  kind as was now so often the  case.  M. B. Christenson said that  house cleaning was a necessity  ces.    We are glad to state that from time t0 time and  th^t jg  what  the  taxpayers of British  Columbia have to do now.  After a few remarks by the  chairman the meeting ^closed by  singing the national anthem.. *  he intends to come back in the  latter part of August and we  hope then to have a gathering  where everybody can meet him  and be benefited by his deductions.           We would strongly advise our  readers to read the fine article  entitled: "Get together," from  the pen of A. R. Neale in this  issue.  High school entrance examinations have been held at the Mackenzie school during three days  this week.    They were conduc  ted  by Iver Fougner.    The fol-  of the valley who had so long (lowing pupils have been in at-  lived in expectation of a railroad  and he would if elected, as he  believed he would be, use his  every endeavor to further the  interests of the general welfare  of the people of the district, as  opposed to a few domineering  cliques whose chief concern was  the petty graft in immediate  sight.  After the conclusion of the  speech an opportunity was given  to ask questions and remarks,  which gave rise to a short,  friendly discussion which showed  that former supporters of  the  tendance: Robert Grant. Carl  Peterson, Andy Christensen,  Phyllis Gibson and KateDraney.  The comparatively long spell  has been broken by an abundance of rain, reviving dredping  crops and gladdening the hearts  of the farmers. The rivers are  running at record height.  Ocean Falls News.  Work is going on steadily in  the erection of buildings in connection with the pulp mill and  others required for the operating  of the big plant at as early a date  as possible. Booms of logs are  now beginning to be brought in,  and more loggers are added to  the already large force as condition warrants. There seems to  be a shortage of labor and this  has delayed construction somewhat all along. The camps operating by the company have  been undermanned and the logs  have not come out as fast as they  would otherwise���������tr������-fl������$W/* crews  could have been'obtainable.  Mr. T. D. Pattullo, Liberal  candidate for the Prince Rupert  riding in the coming election,  government are'getting tired of'arrived in town on Wednesday  the methods pursueel by the ad- evening  and   addressed   a   well  ministration.  attended   meeting   here  in   the  The meeting closed at 9:30 by evening,   leaving  the   following  thesingingof God Save the King, 'day for the north. BELLA COOLA COURIER  SaturJt  II1    *su  ���������  i.  *Pi1  11   .   !  'jp.1  irVW  ';*rJf*s������������  ji flv.-3L  >. i. 1 ** *  ��������� ������."    i '  L&?  *  i  1  I  *y> July /, /9i6  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  , 1  Year  $1.00  C Months       0.75  3 'Months    0.50  United States  1  Year !��������� ,. .$1.50  United Kingdom   -  1  Year .' $1.00  Subscriptions' payable in advance.  Subscribers notr receiving their copy  regularly please notify, the management  ��������� at once.    Changes in. address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising Rates,  Office. ���������  Apply at  To Correspondents��������� While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the  name and address of every writer of such letters  must be sriven to the editor.  The Editor reserves the* right to refuse publication of any letter. All manuscript at writer's  risk.  *0aUtfl jijijutlt sttprprita est i?x."  SATURDAY, JULY 1, 1916.  Very Patriotic, Indeed.  At the last session of the legislature the Bowser government,  in order to gain favor with the  soldier vote/amended the Elec-  ��������� tions Act so as to provide for the  soldiers at the front voting at  coming elections;  We believe that it is perfectly  right that every soldier in British  Columbia should have a vote no  matter in what .part of the province he maybe stationed, but  it may well- be asked how can a  soldier who left here eighteen  months ago and who has been in  Europe or possibly Asia for the  great part of the time since, be  in a position (to judge of "the  many/measures   and   questions  that have arisen since he left?  No other province has adopted  such a course.    It is of course  absurd and is only another illus-  tration of the many cheap attempts of the Bowser administration to secure the favor of the  electorate.-  Is it not time that we had an  administration that will give us  clean and capable government  along common sense lines in order that all our people may be  happy and prosperous? Such  an administration would not require to resort to subterfuge and  finesse in order to gain popular  support.  true to his erratic mind or whatever the reason may be, he refuses to assist in  having this  momentous question settled speedily.  He prefers to travel around  the country telling the people of  the wickedness and perverseness  of Mr. Brewster; how he by this  action is tying up the business  of the province to its incalculable injury.  Mr. Bowser, true to his nature  and his low "estimate of the intelligence of the people, believes  that he will be abJe to deceive  them as to the true, state of the  question at issue.  We boldly make the statement  and know that in due-time it  shall be generally admitted: that  Mr. Brewster by his appeal has  done the right thing, at the right  time; and that it is Mr. Bowser  who, in'his refusal to allow the  courts to render a speedy decision, is tying up the business  of the province. *  '  'GILLETTS  GLEANS^DISINFECTS }  Bowser is the head.  Mr. Brewster asks the court  to decide whether Mr. Bowser  has exceeded his authority in the  payment of the whole of this  money.  Tying Up the Business of the  Province.  A good motto for every person,  every organization, every government to follow is: "Be sure  you are right, then go ahead."  In a.great many minds of our  m:>3fc exparienced and intelligent  men of affairs there exists grave  doubts whether the latter part  of the late session of the provincial  legislature   was   valid  or not.   The time for which it  was elected expired March 14,  and the legislature by an act extended its own life until June 1.  These men who entertain such  doubts believe it is for the interests of the province to have the  , question of the session's legality  settled forever and beyond any  doubts, and  in  order to attain  this   desirable   and   obviously  necessary   end   Mr.   Brewster,  the Liberal leader, has appealed  to the courts for a decision.  If our premier was equally desirous of establishing firmly the  acts passed by the late session,  he would be glad to join the Liberal leader in  this  effort,  but]  Mr. Bowser's Illegal Act.  Possibly it may not be generally known that-irrespective of  the question of ,the validity oi  the acts passed by the late'ses-  sion, there is another branch in  the action brought*, by Mr. Brews-'  ter which possibly has something  to do with Mr. Bowser's reluctance to have the courts render  an early decision.   Mr. Bowser  has acted  as  a  trustee in the  paying out of the funds obtained  by the sale of the P. G. E. railroad  bonds guaranteed   by the  province."    These'" funds should  be paid out to the company in  proportion to the mileage completed, and so as to cover the  entire length of the road.  Instead of complying with law  in this respect he has caused the  funds held by him to be paid out  as fast as the rapacious railroad  promoters demanded it, with the  result that he has paid them more  money than has been expended  on the road, and needless to say  the road is far from being completed.    The railroad promoters  (or   wreckers   is   probably the  better word) are  now howling  for more money and Mr. Bowser,  isusing the credit of the province to raise another six million  dollars to pay out to these gentlemen, who by the way are clients  of the law firm'of which Mr.  Nova Scotia Stays Liberal.  The elections in Nova Scotia  on June 20 was a sweeping victory for the Liberal party and  the Murray government. The  Liberal party has been in power  for thirty-three years and Hon.  Geo. H. Murray has been the  premier of- the. province since  1896.      ���������  It is a triumph for.the Murray  government, but it also reflects  .credit on the Liberal party in  that it has been able to retain  the confidence of the voters and  even attain" a greater majority  than ever after such along term.  It may well be inferred from this  fact that it has not..become corrupt through  a   long -reign  of  power,' which so generally proves  to be the.case and especially so,  as exemplified, in this-province  at the present'd'ay.  Although Nova Scotia is a province with considerably less resources than our province and  for that reason should be considered poorer and consequently  have a lower, credit.- Yet a short  time ago,- when jt had occasion  to borrow some money.its bonds  were sold at more than their face  value.  a result to. act together for the  common good. Too long the  spirit of aloofness, the spirit of  competition, the spirit of getting  ahead of the other fellow, and  the offspring of these sinister  spirits���������the spirit of uncharit-  ableness���������have been ruling.  - The importance of the spirit  of harmony which the "getting  together" will promote was emphasized nineteen hundred years  ago when the apostle admonished: "Let brotherly love continue."  On this spirit is founded true  progress, and therefore if we  desire to advance on the best  lines towards national greatness  in its true sense we must cultivate the spirit of harmony.  If we.differ on   any points,  f  which we are sure to do, let us  come-together and discuss them;  by learning the-reasons for the  differing in the views of others  we ourselves obtain a wider  vision and will be able to see the  grounds'taken by our opponents  in a friendlier spirit.  If there are any common needs  to relieve or common objects to  attain, let us come together and  discuss them and try to meet the  different views in the right spirit  and hammer them into one common plan.  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S ".FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE  WEST"  BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  MADE    IN    B. C>  Send for Catalogue  Prompt Attention Given Letter Oi(i,.r,  Costs  more  'other  worth  W������m?Mpre^Bread arid Better: Bre^i#?  SOLD BY-ALL DEALERS  They were above par  while our bonds are Void at nine  per cent discount.  Cultivate Harmony.  Ultimately these turbulent  times will bring home to the  people many lessens which have  had small consideration in the  piping times of peace and prosperity. And-it is to be hoped  that the people will show its  teachableness by applying such  lessonsjn practice,      7  One of these lessons is called  to'our attention by Mr. Neale's  article in this issue on the necessity of "getting together,'Up  meet and confer together, arid as  The Unrest in Germany.  As a fact that in many instances the wish is the father to the  thought, and as we all are eagerly looking' for   signs  that our  strong enemy is  weakening, it  has  been  natural  to treat the  stories of shortage of  food in  Germany  and the riots on ac-  countof it with more or less incredulity.    But of late  these  stories have come from so many  points and  been   so   numerous  that they ;must  be. credited as  being according to facts.    Last  year the crops of Germany, with  the exception of potatoes, were  not up to the average, and as a  result in spite of strict government control it has been found  impossible, to so distribute the  food- that. wide-spread distress  could be avoided.    When; we consider this ever-present heed and  the oppression of mind caused by  the great loss of lives, the increasing numbers of the severely  maimed for jife of those "near  and dear to a sorely tried-people,,  it is not to be wondered at'that  riots-break out at frequent intervals. .>  . Up till this time it has been  possible for the authorities to  keep the people   in  the  belief,  that this war was forcuj upen  them, by their jealous neighbor?,  and the German people noted for  their love of country have bun  willing to make any sacrifices in  the defense of their "vateiland."  But gradually it is being brought  This Canada First'makes better coffee than  the Top of the bott'e' that you usually give me,  and there is enough for all. You needn't worry about  the milk man any more, as far as my breakfast is  concerned." _  "CANADA FIRST'* MILK  EVAPORATED (Unsweetened)  Is Homogenized, the cream and milk being made  into one inseparable mixture by special machinery.  It is sterilized or germless. It is clean, pure, wholesome. . Best for coffee or cocoa, best for cooking,  best and safest for baby.  9    Keeps  swept until  the  can  is opened and  for  r  several days afterwards.  9    Be  independent of    Milk    D  ' Canada Fust " in the house.  elivertes.  Keep  j.  "CanadaFIist".Lunch Muffins  5 tablKspnons " Canada Firrt" Con- Plrcli salt  ciciist-tl Gwcfcteiicd) .Miik. icvfs.  -cuKsiIuur. 3o*. huiior.  ,. .^'' J10"."-' ������a" and baking powtWanrt nift twice    BrWt wb"\r -re. nrtii  n,^ 'J!/iiP"'.k, Vtl! wa,cr: mix with "our toother with butter n.el  mat well a..J baU m Krca������ctl rnuCn tir.s l'joui twenty iiiir.utLS.  AYLMER CONDENSED MILK CO.. LIMITED  HAMILTON. CANADA  ##���������#���������*# if#A  HOE  3������H  ion  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SERVH'K  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  u. O.      LaiXlOSlM'     Leaves "Vancouver   every  Thursday at 9 p. m.       (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Sundays a. m.  PROJECTED.ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  S. S. "Coquitlam" sails from Vancouver  nightly, carrying Gasoline and Explosives, wil  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  tori  CM I  ������������rr^ltes of���������Frei������hts,  Fares and other information. ������VV  Lyj  ^3M  Uoat^ n^.,. ��������� V, -->k,iix.o, laics unu oincr  alpn? 9SSC# Carrai^St., Vancouver;  agent,  1003 Government St., Victoria.  I.v t"  or Geo.  McGni'i'i"'-  IOC  ��������� c  IOC  i Larday,' h% J,  1916  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  fury  people of Germany will soon be  thoroughly aroused arid view the  situation in its true light and  then woe to their rulers.    Their  will arise.  ome to their minds that they  ive been deceived in this re-  2Ct   HerLiebknecht, the for-  ,e"r leader of the Socialists, has  Sjmseif been disillusioned on this  Lint, and was not slow in telling  jhe people the facts, for which  ,as promptly arrested. Maxi-  ,il,an Harden, the brilliant edi-  for of theZukuuft, in a late issue  If the paper stated boldly that  the German rulers'were responsible for the war. Needless to  State this paper was confiscated,  it not until a few copies reach-  Id the outside'world.  A strong and highly efficient  Government may for a while  Suppress the truth, hide the facts  [ncl with a stern hand stern the  fising unrest and indignation of'been  Sweden's   best customer,  distressed people, but it will; buying largely at high pricesand  iot succeed for very long.    The ;proved a .veritable gold mine to  ifimmingof a flood may beeffec-; .,     ~      ,. ,   ,     .  unn    h ���������.... .,    ,   , ..��������� ���������! the Swedish business interests.  >d for a while, but the accumu- i  At\ng waters kept back win 1 The leading trade journal would  fventuallyl'break all bounds and ; therefore be very slow in utter-  i;veeponv/ard in an irresistible! ing anything offensive   as   the  Tf  ���������        ,        ,.,   , I Allowing article is sure to prove  It  is not   unlike y   that   the <-��������� a    r-  J    uidi    LiiC|to   the   Germane:        As   a   trade  the Germans,  journal is not primarily a newspaper the article must be looked  upon as a warning to the Swed-  i        -,        ,      . isil business mento take proper  day of haughty and aggressive precautions as it cannot be ex-  oppression will be at an end and pected that Germany wil] win -n  then a new and better Germany I this war.  A High Authority Speaks.  What may be considered as the  highest authority on the subject,  the leading Swedish trade journal Affarskalenderen published at  Stockholm, speaks in an editorial  on the food question in Germany.  In this connection it must be  borne in mind that Germany has  Can Your  Boy Shoot?  Teach him with a real, manly  arm, a Remington UMC .22 rifle.  Give him Remington UMC reliable ammunition and enjoy seeing  his scores improve. ta  Don't ������ay "anythinfir ia  (rood enough for boyB." It  isn't. Especially when you  can just as easily give him  Remington UMC.  REMINGTON  UMC    -  Remington UMC Reliability���������  is  iust as apparent in .22 Rifles  and Ammunition  as in our  highest priced gooda.-  For a hand-operating Repeater, choose the 16 Shot Remington UMC .22 Repeater. Or, select a Remington UMC Single  Shot.    Perfect satisfaction with either.  Remington UMC .22 short, .22 long and. 22 long rifle cartridges  are the most carefully made ammunition you can buy.  Go to the dealer who displays the Red Ball trade mark of  Remington UMC for guaranteed ammunition and  fire arms of every kind.  _ Remington Arms Union Metallic  rtt^^^M&i Cartridge Company  .   ��������� s     ���������������!.     ,||MI���������     >���������,.- (Contractors to the British Imperial and Colonial  . K*������������.'1**i������J' ���������'���������^5^72 J*** ..J    J Governments)  Lm4������. Us       WINDSOR, ONT.      New Y.rk, U.S.A.  bS$������  A few lines we specially  recommend  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers-  ���������Biscuits  Griff en & Skelleys  famous gold and  silverbar���������  Canned and dried  fruits  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  "The Central Powers cannot  obtain a peace advantageous to  them.    It is said in a long German article regarding the central disposition of food that the  butchers are unable  to supply  more than one-third the normal  quota and that Germany in the  very near future must feed her  people on vegetables.    Even if  it is possible to train the population to a vegetable diet, this cannot be done unless there is plenty  of bread, butter and eggs, turnips, beans and such other vegetables,   but none of  these, not  even  potatoes,   can  be had  in  the quantities the people require  them.     Especially there  seems  to  be  a lack  of  bread, beans,  peas, butter, eggs, rice, oats and  all   the   nourishing   vegetarian  foods.    As a matter of fact there  is greater lack of these than of  .neat.  "According to an article in the  Berlin Boursen Courier, a large  number of housewives in cities  ;annot get sufficient food for  their families and consequently  central kitchens are the last report. It is obvious that such a  state of affairs cannot go on year  after year. It is in "this condition that we have the nearest  reason for the reckless offensive  at Verdun and the vain attempt  of an offensive at sea. It may  ieemoutof place to discuss these  things in a business paper, but  che subject is oneof the decisive  issues of the war, and all business speculation must adapt itself to the outcome of the war."  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  r'OAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  ^ Manitoba. Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Tkkkitoky, the North-west Terbi-  TORiES and in 11 portion of the PROVINCE of  British Columbia, may be leaned for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,5(JO acres will be leased  to one applicant.'  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Akem or Sub-Affent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In Burveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or le������al subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  ���������Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Akent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quuntity of merchantable coal mined and pay  j'the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  ��������� are not l>einj? operated, such returns should be  furnished ut least once a year.  The leiite will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full infoimation application should be  made to the Secretary of trfe Department of the  Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B. - Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.r-30690.  BUSINESS CARDS  HOE  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  34 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  HOE  "Get Together"  Dealers and Trappers  D  ItMways  PJeases  ��������� 4  By A. R. NEALE, A s'it ant Provincial  Horticultui s .  When one first makes a trip  through the Bella Coola Valley,  one cannot help being struck by  the great opportunities offered  by such an extensive and beautiful district.    I am sure it would  be hard to find a locality with a  greater combination of inducements for habitation.    Not only  is Bella Coola  a good farming  district, with good soil and good  climate, but it also has naturally  beautiful surroundings which to  all true lovers of nature should  go to make the farm a home and  not merely a place to grind out  a few dollars from the soil with  ::in infinite amount of labor.    In  my opinion, if a man follows at  occupation he should do it intelligently and with the idea of pleasure and interest rather than the  mere idea of  making a living,  ���������ind  the profit  derived will   be  considerably greater not only in  dollars but also in   better community spirit.  I have been asked time after-  time how are we to obtain a  market for our produce? Now  there is only one answer to this  question--"gettogether." Make  this your slogan, let each and  everyone give up the idea that  he is the only one who is making  a living off the land and start in  now to devote himself to increas-  Continued on page 4, column 2.  President Wilson Speaks:  It is from the valleys and the  hillsides that we draw the sources  >f life and prosperity, from the  farm, from the forest and the  mine. Without these every street  would be silent, every office deserted and every factory closed.  To fail in a noble attempt is  glorious victory.  ��������� zzs^ie  mm������  1 helvlasonCT riisch Piano  of to-day will make plain our  privilege to state with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  ii!!  tf]|  Let us attend  your Victor Record  ^J  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C  &,  \JL7HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \jK7HAT person so independent?  \X7HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of   the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola   farmers are  independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  THE REASONS  for this  enviable  condition of affairs   are   obvious .to   anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and, needs little or no  irrigation.     The climate is mild and enjoy-'  able;   long warm  summers  with   sufficient  rainfall and  mild winters  make  for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley cat tied away  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  *"^ country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  c=]  FSiiiiltt  Get "More Money" for your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Denver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in yonr section  SniP YOl.'H F17IJS DIHECT tn "SHUnEUT" Ihe largest  bouse in the World dealing exclusively in NORTH AMERICAN RAW FUhS  a reliable���������responsible���������safe Fur House with an unblemished reputation existing for "more than a third of a century." a lonK sue;  cessful record of sending Fur Shippers prompt.SATIS FACTORY  AND PROFITABLE returns. Write for "Vbt fi>t)ubert fi>b(J>Ptr."  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  Write for it��������� NOW���������It's FREE  A. B. SHUBERT, Inc. ^l^cl^i^v^l  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA  COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1-00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find   for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   .... subscription  P. O   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed ������������������wmm  fill  1 ��������� 5;iJ  4  BELLS COOLS COURIER  *WWMMKMtfMnMMIM  r  IMP  * ill  ill  : 3 Ss S3  $Sff  u*  BF  K  -J  li",  5s *  to  0 H  non  ���������  ??  ouner  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coaSt between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  ���������A distance of six hundred miles.  It Will be to your interest to keep Well informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Pmvincer-r-  THE "COURIER"  v     GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public.,. No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings. .  "GET TOGETHER"���������  (Continued from, page 3.)  ing the acreage and improving  the quality of the crops, building  up  his  herd   by   having fewer  cattle "of a  high  grade rather  than a number of low grade animals.    Let him do this I say not  only for his own' good but also  for the good of the community,  so that in time the district may  become known for the quality as  well as the quantity of its produce.  AjricuRural organization' has  made great strides in Denmark  and  other   European   countries  and was brought about  by necessity.      The   farmers   were  brought to realize that they, had  to   get   down   to    businesslike  methods.     All   other  branches  of commerce have, of necessity,  become highly organized for the  purpose of getting goods on,the  market.    Where, there is a volume of production of high grade  articles a market is assured.   The  sameis true in agriculture.   Produce the quantity of a standard  | juality  and  you   will   have' no  crouble in getting your market,  ft is no use everybody pulling in  his own   direction.     There has  got to be a community spirit, a  determination   to   combine   together and work for the common  good.    After that spirit has been  fostered" success will follow.  ���������   The great heed of every market is ior quantity and quality,  especially quality.    It is no good  trying to get,rid of a large quantity  of low  grade goods.    The  only result is a bad name for the  producer and the good articles  will only obtain .the same price  as the inferior.  -Itwould be easy to cite a number of examples of how co-opera  tion has produced almost incred  ible results.    But just as one ex-  rV~nrr"T-iir  MrriT���������tin iim-firrt iirm  J^EAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. - The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for' all. Did not  know, is no excuse. 'Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  rintiiij  ample of what is being done near  to home take the marvellous way  in   which the fruit industry of  the United States has been placed  in a position, by-careful organization, standardization and careful methods, where the growers  can send their produce to Canada  in spite of competition and other  obstacles.   Here is a case where  they did not wait for the market  to come to them; they "got together, " organized on a business  basis.and found the market.  People of Bella Coola yc'u have  a land of opportunity.    I would-  strongly urge you to realize the  possibilities ^of the district and  the  necessity  for co-operation.  Organize On  a  business  basis,  standardize the geeds that you  wish   ,to   sell,    study   farming  methods  with   the   idea of increased yields per acre and better-  quality of produce, improve your  herds  by selecting  high grade  animals; in fine, keep in mind  that the best should  be the aim  of everyone.    Do not.be content  with just anything aim at the  top, and you will find in timeand  not. very long either, that your  farms  will   become   more   like  home; that they will yield 50 per  cent. more, from the same acreage-than before, and more important than all you will have an  organization which will be able  to deal successfully with market  problems.  Therefore, I say co-operate for  the good of the country .which  affords you a home, for the good  of the community of which you  are members and for the good of  each individual in the community, and "soon you will find that  your farms will amply support  you and you will be able.to "enjoy  the benefits of  being at home  rather than having to depend on  sources   altogether   foreign   to  agriculture for a means of support.  I may say that anything I can  do towards furthering the interests of the farmers I will most  certainly dor but it must be understood that there is to be support from all sides. If people  are not able to come together  and work harmoniously towards  a given object, whichinthis case  lis the sale of produce, no one  man can do very much to assist  them.    In such a time as this,  when all over the world there is  a need for maximum production  make your work efficient, do not  waste materials by handling un  thrifty stock' and  increase the  value of your soil by more careful handling.    There is a Swiss  motto: ' 'To till the soil is to serve  one's country;" and at this time  it is more applicable than ever  to all those farmers who  have  the true interests of the country  at heart.    Every effort should  be used to increase production  away beyond,the usual rate.  ~^M'��������� m  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA JN ]8iJf)  Cut the {Clover Early.  It is the rule on many farms  to let the clover crop turn brown  before it is cut. This may add  a little to the, weight but it detracts from its feeding value.  Haymustsmell sweet and have  a good color in order to be rated  first-class. Over-ripe clover is  dusty, woody; and smells like tobacco. This may be pleasing to  the owner, but to-the cow's uneducated taste it is not. Properly cut clover will retain its gveen  color even after being thoroughly dried." A ton of green, sweet  smelling hay is worth two tons  of that which' is over-ripe.  ���������  Clover when allowed to turn  brown in the field gets brittle  and most of 'the blades powder  and are lost in the hauling. There  seems no good reason why farmers fail to transfer their clover  from the field to the hay mow in  a condition which will- be acceptable to the animals and profitable  to themselves.  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions)  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING  AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  TEST THE COWS.  The .farmers   should - at  all  times be alive to everything that  will increase the output from his  farm.   The marked benefit obtained from the testing of the  cows in order to know the profit  or loss from  each  cow is now  being   demonstrated   wherever  practised.    As a result of the  testing of cows the increase in  the amount of butter fat obtained  from the same number of cows  has in the Dominion amounted  to about 40 per cent.  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    $  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  Agricultural   and   vocational  training is the big topic of today.  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  .** TOWN, Do not talk-support home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  Plumbing  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of  Toronto. Let us quote you.  KYDD BROS., LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  c  $1 a Yea  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  m n  zior  "THE two principal reasons  why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none belter.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BACON  HAMS  Ogilvie's  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  Settlers, Prospedtors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mo& suitable articles are kept at prices thai  invite competition.  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stai  ains  ] HI  111 1*^111 llll   II l| W ||  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisioned  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  From  ALL GOOD GROCERS.  DMnufe  Mm  IT'S  CANADA'S  BEST FLOUR  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  1 Best Goods���������Lowest Prices-Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, M-  HjBBwTrr'^1 ***&**  RBfll

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