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Bella Coola Courier 1916-01-29

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 >.<  (-  l>  tlj^^pinnnlTii^'^(ji������inmiiigYfl"I"'")1l H������"������������������iift)  -'<^'*tiCrti'.���������7"^���������*^���������?���������^^-   -    -nil .V. i       Jw^wV   -   *��������� itiii.i     ���������     ���������*  ^IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  JVISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCELLENT HUNTING AND  FISHING.  ���������'sM  WEATHER REPORT FOR DECEMBER.  Compiled  by Mr. C. H. Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 37.   Minimum, 29.  Highest Max. (3rd) 48.   Lowest Min. (30th) 13  Rainfall, 2.98 inches.     Sr.ow, 21 inches.  Rainfall for the year (1915) 34.33 inches.  VOL. 4���������NO. 15  BELLA-COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, JANUARY 29,  1916.  $1.00 a Year  German Aviators Drop  i Kr Bombs on Dunkirk  ,!*<'*-      ____________  'if  ,������ Paris,  Jan.  25.���������Official com-  .munication.    "In Belgium to the  southeast of Boesingher, our ar7  tilleryin concert with the Britfsh  artillery  carried out   a   violent  bombard ment of the enemy works  >0iich suffered serious damage.  Two-, German   aeroplanes   this  1 morning  dropped   about fifteen  bombs in  Dunkirk  and its en-  ''-virbris.    Five persons were killed  an'd^'three wounded.    In Artois  cannonading has been very lively  to'the east, several enemy batteries  being silenced.     To  the  north of the Aisne we,dispersed  .aHlarge  enemy   convoy fin   the  ���������'region of Craonne.    A German  ,"h$ayy battery which attempted  ^estroy the bridge at Berry-  -  au-Bac was damaged by the fire  ofBur heavy calibre guns and  completely silenced.     On   the  heights of the Meuse in the sector /of Mouilly,  a small  enemy  detachment which attempted to  ipprbach our lines after a somewhat intense bombardment was  - easily dispersed by our fire."  >***' f v  ,  .   t    i  1^; Liner Torpedoed  ���������.London, Jan. 25.���������It is confirmed this morning that the Do-  mhiion liner Norseman, 10,000  tons, was torpedoed late yesterday^ afternoon by German submarine. The liner was successfully beached without loss of life.  Munition Factory  Wrecked  .Amsterdam, Jan. 25.���������Eleven  persons killed and over two hundred wounded by the explosion of  a munition factory at Offenbach,  Hesse, on Sunday. Part of the  city-was wrecked and is in ruins.  Wants Separate Peace  Taris, Jan. 25.���������That the Turkish heir apparent, inspired by  the Kaiser's agents, is seeking  separate peace is credited in  Athens, owing to the abandonment of the Turkish expedition  to'Suez and the Turco-Bulgarian  offensive at Saloniki.  Treasurer Hellferich makes the  admission in the Reichstag that  the,German financial position is  precarious.   Norwegian City Burnt Down  ���������'Christiania, Norway.��������� A third  otthe city of Bergen, a thriving  Norwegian seaport with a population of 90,000, has been destroyed by fire. Two lives are  reported to have been lost and  2000 parsons are homeless. The  property damage is estimated at  $15,000,000.  The conflagration is said to be  the worst ever recorded in Norway. The business section with  its old wholesale houses, several  of the largest hotels, a number  of schools, the electric plant,  biri'ks and newspaper buildings  were burned. j  Russians Successful  ������������������   In Repelling Attacks  Petrograd,   Jan.   25. ���������Official  communication.     "Oar artillery  successfully bombarded German  positions in   the   region  of the  Dvina below Friederichstadt on  the 24th.    An enemy aeroplane  dropped two bombs on Dvinsk,  resulting in  one  woman   being  killed.    Near the village of Soil-  schnischki, west of Lake Bogins-  kole,' we repulsed a German attack against our observation post.  In Galicia, on the Stripa front,  an artillery duel has been in progress.    The.enemy again has had  recourse to throwing proclamations from balloons into our camp.  We learn that in one German division  a great  number of men  have been frost bitten, many so  severely that they.must be invalided home.    In the Caucasus in  the region' of Erzerum, we continued to press the Turks closely  and take many prisoners.   In the  Melazhert district we fought successful  actions   against   enemy  cavalry ' and    infantry   detachments."  Artillery Activity  London, Jan. 25���������Official statement. "We have had a successful artillery bombardment near  -Ovilers, La Biselle, Le Bridoux  and Boesingher. Near Boesingher we exploded a bomb store in  the enemy's lines. The hostile  artillery has shown activity near  Gommescourt, about Loos and at  Hooge. The aircrafts on both  sides have been very active. We  maintained our supremacy."  o iviake Another  Attempt for Calais  London, Jan. 25.��������� Renewed  activity on the Western front  following the German repulse on  Tuesday in Flanders. It is predicted that on Thursday the  Kaiser's 57th Birthday, will .witness a desperate effort to force  the road to Calais.  S. S. Venture startled the residents of our burg on Thursday  last week by announcing her arrival before 12 noon, being several hours ahead of time. The  people of the South found the  climate of their own latitude sufficiently cold to discourage them,  from venturing on a trip that  would bring, them into a still  colder region, and as a consequence the only passengers for  Bella Coola were Gus. Pearson,  Tom Miller and Mrs. Clayton,  who returned to our shores even  if the weather is cold.  As the steamer was bound for  the North, some of our young-  men who had enlisted, accompanied by recruiting-sergeapt  Lauretson, left for Prince Rupert to join the Comox-Atlin  regiment.  The departing men were: Ingvald Urseth, .Charles Wood, Fred  Anderson, Harry Gustafson and  Charles Taylor. Quite a crowd  of people was at the wharf to  bid them ;good-bye-and->asv the  steamer got under way the cheers  of those on the wharf followed  the departing recruits.  We are not in position to tell  the exact number of recruits resulting from the efforts of the  recruiting officer on his visit here,  but we hear of several more of  our young men who intend to depart to join the colors in the near  future.  E  ing the distance of one hundred  miles. He reports unusual cold  weather with only little snow.  The Indians in that neighborhood  are all busy trapping and the  catch is very good. Capoose  seems to be a very active man,  and weir he may be; he has already accumulated $7000 worth  of the season's catch of fur. He  stopped but a few hours in town,  departing on the return trip on  the day of his arrival.  . We are sorry to learn that Mrs.  O. T. Landry is on the sick list  this week. ���������  -The attention of the members  of the Farmers' Institute and  others is called to the article in  this number entitled, "Be up and  doing." A cannery establishment might form the nucleus  around which several co-open -  tive enterprises could be centerc d  to the benefit of the community.  Mrs. E. C. Clayton returned  after a brief visit to friends at  Namu.  Cabinet Meeting Postponed  Revelstokc, Jan. 25.-- C. P. R.  traffic east is resumed, but west  bound trains turned at Kamloops  because of a thirty-six miles of  slideii. Over five feet of snow  has fallen between Lytton and  Yale.  The cabinet meeting called for  today at Kamloops is indefinitely postponed.  Gus Pearson and Tom Miller  returned on the last steamer  after an absence of several  weeks. It is not known at the  present writing what business  they had that could possibly keep  them for so long away from their  bachelor firesides. It is regrettable that they did not see fit to  induce some of the gentler sex  to join their fortunes and cheer  them in their cosy homes.  After residing at Bella Coola  for a number of years Peter  Marrin left on yesterday's steamer for Prince Rupert to join the  section of the 102nd, now being  made up in the northern city.  Winter has settled down upon  Bella Coola in earnest. The thermometer went as low as sixteen  degrees below zero on -Sunda\  morning, and the mercury ha?  been hovering about zero ever}  day since then. The intensity of  the cold is felt more keenly because it is accompanied by a  rather strong wind. The air has  been filled with particles of snow  which, in connection with the  cold, gives "the weather every  appearance of a regular prairie  blizzard.  This unusual weather has to a  great extent put a damper on  many outdoor activities and made  most of our residents adopt the  bear mode of spending the cold  weather in hibernation.  The usual Sunday school and  service at the Mackenzie school-  house were abandoned last Sunday because of the wind and cold.  The concert for the benefit of  Red Cross Fund advertised to  take place at the Colony Hall,  Hagensborg, on Saturday last  was postponed for the same reasons.  Several inches of snow fell last  week and now there is excellent  sleighing.  for three services, namely, morning, afternoon and evening. The  last meeting being attended'  by about 75. During the week  it is assumed that they, the same  as the rest of our population,  are busily engaged in keeping  "the home fires burning."  Last Monday evening the Indians met to discuss the contents  of a letter received from the secretary of the Indian's Rights Association. While they agreed to  the propositions made in the letter, they refrained from approving of them by adding their signatures as theydid not consider  inexpedient to bind themselves  at this juncture. -  The Indians are not of the  same mind as the Conservative  Association in the matter of the  application of the granting of  five additional independent fishery licenses for Bella Coola.  They hold that when one half  of the seventy licenses issued for  Bella Coola are independent licenses that that is all the whites  should ask for, as a larger number will infringe upon rights o;  the Indians.  Dynamite Found  Portland, Jan. 25.���������Dynamite  enough to blow up the city was  found hidden in a deserted dry-  dock. The belief is it was intended to destroy the plants of  the Marine Hardware Co. and  Portland Hardware Co. engaged  in making shell casos for the  Allies.  R. O. Jennings, road-superintendent, together with some of  our prominent citizens inspected  the bridge across the Bella Coola  river one day last week. It was  decided that one of the spans  should be replaced as soon as the  materials could be procured.  We would remind those whom  it may concern that the Courier  is a newspaper and that we shall  highly appreciate accounts of the  different meetings held and other  happenings occurring in Bella  Coola and adjacent districts.  Antoine Capoose, the Indian  trader of Anaham Lake, in defiance of the intense cold of the  last few days arrived on Tuesday  last on a business trip to Bella  Coola. He came on horseback  and had spent four days in travel-  The services at the Mackenzie  School tomorrow evening will  be conducted by Cecil Lancaster.  There will be no service at the  Lower school.  To the credit of our Indians be  it said that the inclemency of the  weather docs not keep them from  attending services at their church  Facing the Enemy's Fire.  (A letter from Fred Grant.)  We have been having quite a  lively time of it lately, quite sufficient for me and all the rest of  us, I think.    When I wrote last  we were in the reserves on the  hill in nice comfortable huts. We  stayed there for three days then  moved  down to  a  farm   house  about two hundred  yards from  our front line of trenches.    Thc-  first night we were here ten of  us went on  a working party to  build  a parapet that had heen  blown away in  the front  line.  On our way down one of the boys  was hit in the head with a rifle  bullet.    Fortunately it was only  a deep graze.    He shouted twice,  "They've got me; quick, help! "  and believe me we had an exciting time o*f it for a little while.  The Germans must have heard  him and kept firing machine guns  at us.  Finally we got him carried  over to ahedgeand bandaged up  as well as we could and sent him  back with one of the others.  He  was taken out to the hospital in  the morning.     The  rest  of us  went on through mud and shell  holes, and more mud, to the parapet and worked there from eight  to two in the morning.    We slept  from   then   until   six,   being on  guard till seven, then had breakfast.    Everything went very nice  until nearly   twelve,   when   two  shells landed in a building thirty-  feet from ours, we were all ordered out and got in a trench until it quietened down, which was  in about half an hour.    The same  thing happened again at a quarter  to one and still we went back.  We were nearly through dinner  when a shell caught the building  of the brick wall right into the  room we were in.    Goodness, it  was a mess; between the smoke,  dust, lime and bricks, we could  hardly see what we were doing,  but it didn't take us long to get  out through the door.   The shells  kept coming over at intervals of  three or four seconds,  most of  them landing in the yard close  to   the   house.     It   was   awful  crawling along a  ditch by the  side of thp road to the trench  where we were to go in case of  being shelled.     I  can't understand how noneof us were wounded or killed, for lots of us got  splashed with mud and dirt from  the shells exploding close to.us.  Why  we   did   not   stay  in  the  trenches all the time was because  they w-ere  so.full of  water,, it  came Fight up to my thighs. Our  head-quarters telephoned to cur  battery   that   we   were   being  shelled and to send a few across  the line,  which  they soon did.  The Germans sent them over a  little faster and then a few more  of our batteries opened up and  -oon there was a furious bombardment.    It lasted for two and  a half hours and the artillerymen  say it was the worst they have  had  so  far,   but of  course not  nearly as long as others.   I didn't  mind it at all until the coal boxes  and high explosives started coming across.    The concussion from  them was something awful, I'll  never forget those twoand a half  hours as long as I live.    No wonder that the nerves of so many  fellows are shattered.    When it  got dark we Went back to the  farm, collected our kits and then  had  supper.     The  third  had a  casualty list of about thirty, nine  killed and the rest wounded, they  were in the front line on our left.  A squadron of the second joining  on their right.  In the Battle of Loos.  L. J. Calnan, formerly of Bella  Coola and now in the transport  service with the army in France,,  has sent a letter to friends from  which we print extracts of interest to our readers:  We are having a touch of Bella  Coola weather, cold and dry.  Such weather that seems to give  an additional pull to the blankets  in a morning. Reveille at six  o'clock. Outside itlooks so white  and cold, so much so that it takes  some time to make up one's  mind as to the exact moment  when to make the final crawling  movement, but it is not too bad  Continued on page 4, column 2.  Last Sunday being the coldest on  record saw the Indians turn out j right square and knocked a part  &r> <*bs~> rfc������">-rs������"> o������">-;cs<  t  (Clmrrh Nuitr?  <\9  Sunday School  Church Service  -    10:45 a.m.  -   7:30 p.m.  d  Pieaehcr fur Sunday, Mr. C.  Lancaster.  All Are  Welcome.  ?  9  9  11> <J <J������a_J, <34t^"^r'*<J><L> siJfQ^ <&o BELLA COOLA  COURIER  Saturday,  January 29,  fg^  h  s       I  r I  ���������' I  M  t  u  w  \v ���������  \ t  " '   H''  ii  Hi  i\  v\  1������  The Courier  Published Weekly at Sella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  I .Year .,..'.,.. -, $1-00  6 Months' '. f.... f..... f    0.75  3 Mentha ....:..   0.50  - United States  1 ;Year.... % - $1.50  J-             ,    United Kingdom  1 'Year.,;. k. /... _.  .$1-00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify'the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in' as soon as possible.  For Advertising Rates,  '   ���������'    ''  Office.'  Apply at  To Correspondents��������� VV}i51e unobjectionable anonymous coipmunications wiH be published, the  name and address of every writer of such letters  must b;e (jiven .to the editor.'  The-Editor reserves the rijrht to refuse -publication of any letter. All manuscript at writer's,  risk. '���������"���������'���������,  ?ancoaver Office - - 317-323 Cambie St.  '&khtfl pnpult Bitprcma est lex"  'SATURDAY,  JAN. 29, 1916.  ." For Friendship's Sake.  , About the middle of October  last in .the-case.* of a lawsuit in  which. Jhe   Pacific: Coast  Coal  Mines was.involved, the evidence  brought out the fact that Dr. H.  .   EJ.; Young, who then held the of-  fice'of Provincial ,Secretary'and  Minister.of- Education, had been  -presented-by a member of .the j  company," Mr,. Arbuthnot, shares  to^the.,value -of $105,000.   Mr.  Arbuthnot- in trying to explain  the transaction,-said. that he gave  i  the shares-to Dr. Young because  he was-an old friend of his since  1884, and-he -had promised "that  i������-he;ever took up anything .in  this province (but not otherwise ?)  he would give him,an interest in  if ��������� \ *������������������ -������������������ . . _"��������� .-l  The trial of the case.-further  disclosed; the fact that the shares  in question were not the property of Mr." Arbuthnot, b.ut that  th'ey belonged to the company as  a whole,"and that being the case  it is safe"to assume that all the  members^of the- concern were  not the personal .friends of Dr.  Young1; at least not- to the extent  of being- willing to make-him a  present of-over $100,000.  ' Mr. Wishard, another member  of the company,, thought the  shares .were turned over to Dr.  - Young "for political purposes,"  and that-is a more reasonable  explanation ,of the affair.  . Mrr Justice Clements, the judge  before whom the case was tried,  speaks of the gift as "an unsavory 'transaction," concerning  which he does'not believe he has  heard the whole truth. He adds  that.-.thefmotive alleged, for the  gift by l^r. Arbuthnot was "too  weak to inspire belief in any but  the most credulous." In rendering judgment in the case he ordered the shares returned to the  company. \ ; ,  .In this transaction we are confronted with circumstances that  are calculated to arouse in the  minds of men not over credulous  a suspicion that Dr. Young's  services to the company were  not alone of sufficient value tp  warrant a giftof such magnitude."  And if "such suspicions are not  unreasonable, it should, be the  duty of Dr. Young's former colleagues��������� the govermentto make  a searching investigation into  the whole transaction, that they  may be spared the imputation  that they were   aware   of and  benefitted by, the . transaction.  These gentlemen are the; servants of the province and some  of them are appealing to 'the  people for further evidence- of  their confidence and, therefore,  it behooves them to treat this  matter with something besides  silent contempt.  o     o     o     o     o  One Grafter Found Guilty.  The attitude of the Courier in  matters pertaining- to political  affairs has been on the whole  one of criticism. Tt'ha's'found  in both Dominion and Provincial  admiitistrations ' several things  which with ordinary business  capacity and goodwill could be  carried on a great deal better  than is being done, and in view  of the strenuous times through  which the country is passing we  own that we grow somewhat impatient, because we regard many  existing modes of administration  is being entirely inexcusable.  .Amidst so many of such matters'  it is with a  sense' of" pleasure  Powers are driven out of business; the -Entente. Allies "have  commandeered a. great many  others-.for war purposes,- and  quite a number have -been destroyed by the vicissitudes of  war. In consequence of this  scarcity of means of transportation, freight rates have soared  and, inconsequence, shipowners  realized enormous profits " and  have in some cases paid for then-  ships out of the profits of one  voyage across the Atlantic.  British Columbia "lumbermen  have been severely handicapped  for want of bottoms to take away  their products and : have been  casting about for means of- relieving the situation.  The provincial government is  also giving attention to the problem with a view of offering relief.  that we read in  the/despatches And now ;t seems that,the idea  that as a result of the investiga  tions carried on by Sir Charles  Davidson, one of the war grafters has been prosecuted and  found guilty of forgery.  The despatch reads: AtRegina,  Saskatchewan, after a twenty  minutes consideration, the Supreme Court jury yesterday  brought in a verdict of guilty  against G. A. Mitchell. His  crime was the uttering of false  accounts in the connection-with  the sale of fodder to the remount  department."   -.    \f "   .  If all the 'other-' grafters be  prosecuted, with equal"'vigor it  Will "go'- a. long..way. towards; our  reconciliation' with the Borden  government.  ������     o     o     b  ' o  Shall We Subsidize  Shipping?  With the exception probably of  ���������:he manufature of munitions of  war, there is no business which  in spite of submarines and mines  has enjoyed such unprecedented  prosperity of late as the business  of shipping.  The   goods   in   transit  have,  since the war began, been greatly in excess of the ships'to carry  hem.    The causes are several.  All the   ships   of   the   Central  is crystallizing that- both, the  Dominion and Provincialgover-n-  ments bonus ^shipbuilding' and  either subsidize or guarantee the  bonds of the shipowners. - ��������� '*  ��������� We are opposed to'any governmental aid forsuchpurpo'ses.. We  are just as anxious as anyone to  see the lumber'industry prosper  and equally desirous of the  flourishing of the shipping.   -  But we_are opposed to all unnecessary government aid. And  in /this case of building ships  "entirely so. We, are' advised  that,large ord ers f orf lu m ber from  'the British- and French govern-  merits, '..'from Australia, New.  Zealand, South Africa and China  are going to the Washingtonand  Oregon mills, and that they_ are  able to find ships for the transr  portation, of their output.  There is no doubt that the  building and operation of ships  will be a very profitable business  for years to come, both during and  after the war; .and any business  men experienced in those lines,  will realize a satisfactory profit  on the .capital invested ���������without  any governmental aid whatever.  We have enough knowledge of  human nature to understand that  the   shipbuilders   and   owners  would be glad .to get the bonus  and subsidy asked for, in addition  to the profits of their business;  but as there is good profits in the  business itself it is safe to conclude they will buijd ships and  operate them without governmental aid.  If the manufacturers of lumber  will show more' enterprise in securing orders, the government  employ live men as trade commissioners; an' active agent-general,- .we cannot see why the  mills of British Columbia should  not be able to secure the trade  from the. different parts of the  British Empire'that now goes to  the Pacific States, and also obtain  the ships that'are carrying it how.  ������������������ i ,  y O O O O O  The Politicians Falling Into  Line.  The prohibition principle is  gathering headway to such an  extent now .that, the politicians  are falling-into line in favor of  it.' There is no one more careful  than they to keep their ears to  the ground -in order to learn the  drift of public opinion: ^They  may for. this reason be-called the  weather-vanes of politics: By.  keeping 'the eye upon them you  will, as a rule,-know which way  ���������the sentiment-that decides election is directed. In reading the  following-article on Dominion-  w'ide prohibition our readers will  learn the attitude of Canadian  statesmen on the subject. In  this province of British Columbia  the men at the head of affairs  according to our view have not  a's'yet gauged .correctly the public sentiment on this subject, but  then/these statesmen have -enjoyed autocratic rule so long that  they have' lost 'touch with' the  people. The prohibitionists of  the United States in times past  used to say that both the great  political parties of that country  were whiskey parties; but now  thisf is all changed. About a  year ago both Houses of Congress  delared by a majority vote in  favorof prohibition of the liquor  traffic, but as it did not have a  three-fourths rnajority it was  not carried...  -. But tp return to our own Dominion; the Ottawa Free Press  says:  "Oh   patriotic   and   economic  grounds, and without any refer-  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S  FURNISHINGS  IVIanufacfurers  OF "PRIDE OF THE  WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  MADE    IN    B. C."  Prompt Attention Given Letter Ordc  0  Gault Brothers Limited  'WHOLESALE <DRY GOODS  361 Water Street        Vancouver, B. C.  ^  Gault Brothers for over 60 years have successfully.)  maintained wholesale warehouses throughout Canada  ��������� ^ The Vancouver slock. ������ the largesl and best assorted  stock on 'Ae Coast, in some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES  SMALLWARES  RIBBONS  Ready-to-Wear  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  House Furnishings  CARPETS  LINENS  DRESS GOODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  ence to the sentimental reasons,  it is believed- that a majority of  the -Dominion Cabinet, headed  by Sir George E. Foster and Sir  Sam .Hughes, would be in favor  of Dominion Prohibition for the  duration of the war.  "It is also believed that a large  majority of the members of both  theCommons and Senate would  support such legislation on those  grounds. And it is further asserted that the recent action of  legislates and the recent voting  in-many municipalities have  proved that the country, because  of the feeling created by the war,  is ripe for Dominion-wide Prohibition as it never has been before.  "The campaign is to be strictly  non-political, as is the. campaign  of the Citizens' Committee of  One Hundred in Ontario. Already  the names of men prominent on  both sides of politics have been  secured, and it is stated that in  most cases great enthusiasm is  being shown. "      .'���������<  "The appeal will be to parliament and not to the government.  "'Dominion-wide Prohibition  is the only sane, just and reason  able method of dealing with the  problem,' said one of the men  behind-the new movement. 'Of  course sectional Prohibition is  better than nothing at all. Rut  for instance,"what is the good of  closing up saloons in Ottawa and  leaving them wide open in Hull?  That absurd situation'is being  duplicated all over the country.  There is the greatest opportunity  now for a real experiment with  Dominion-wide Prohibition. If  it isn't" asuccess we- 'can-.return  to the did order after-peace ia  declared.' '.'  " *��������� ~"  "The new. movement; it is ex-  s. ' '  plained, is not antagonistic to the  campaign of the Committee cf  One Hundred in Ontario, but an  amplification of it. Ontario men  favoring Prohibition will work  toward both ends so that if the  larger scheme fails there will be  the second to fall back upon."  As the sun is rising higher in  the heavens, foretelling the  brekingof the shackles of winter  so also the outlook on the horizon  of the war is brightening, bringing hope of early peace.  cy>^<Tg>^Oi<r>^<Ty^<'8g>^<'8y>^c^ <r>^r������ <*>~<*ac>^<'������<'>^>ctc>^rtc>><><'>������  The Best Known and  Popular Lubricant for  Motor Boats  Its.use assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or In cylinders  IMPERIAL OiL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B.C.  1  :       -  ><ji  i   =  IOC  Hoc  ft  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY,  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT AND PASSENGER SERVICE  BETWEEN  Vancouver, Bella Coola and Prince Rupert  S. S. "CAMOSUN"  Leaves Bella Coola for Prince Rupert at 6 p. m. Thurs-  January 6, 20.  Leaves Bella Coola for Vancouver at 10 p. m. Friday  January 14, 28.  S. S. "Coquitlam" or S. S. "Capilano" sailing  from Vancouver every week, carrying Gasoline and  Explosives, will call at Bella Coola by arrangement.  For rates of Freights, Fares and other information, apply to  Head Office, Carraix St., Vancouver; or Geo. McGregor,  agent,  1003 Government St., Victoria.  hoc  mfm ���������*������i4 jf"������ ��������� 7  'y+  0  (  i* I  in  *i> ;..-m���������V  ���������������������������,>-���������'. ^*T' '������atuf$ay, January '29,  1916  V|1   * .  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  3  i  &  Q  o  0  ������S*. tf-ii  ^Be/Up and Doing.  Smile's "Self-Help" is the title  of-' a book which was often re-  commended for perusal during  myjooyhood days. Self-help is  w&at I believe in and self-help is  what I wish to emphasise in the  following lines.  "������" '" #'���������* ':    -��������� ��������� ������������������'.������������������  $������oi the   casual    observer   it  |Cff ' -  would seem that Bella Coola is  parting for someone; to come in  and'do something, this attitude,  however, is not going to benefit  us, as the possibility is that some-  on[e may not come and, conse-  qilently; that something may not  b^'dbne. Perhaps,; the fear of  possible failure is. deterring the  ccftnmunity, if this is so, let us  "put^oufselves-'in the position that  '''it is not in mortals to command  success, hut we'll do more���������deserve it."  ^The ..Agricultural Department  of the*" Province -estimates that  $lf,500J;000 worth   of   fruit and  vegetables are lost every year to  ',% *" ��������������� ��������� '  theiprovincial producers.owing  , *'>f^������i    -      --    .;'   " ���������-��������� ������������������        ��������� .-..-.  to^tn4:want of a suitable- way of  get'ti^g.this produce to the mar-  kefc;*HReady' access to favorable  markets for fresh vegetables and  small^fruits is denied us owing  to?our',distance from those mar-  kets^ Since we are well aware  that all producers suffer this loss,  it is evident that some method  other than the shipping of fresh  produce should be adopted. This  ocher method is" to be found in  canning, whereby our produce  can not only be held over almost  indefinitely or to suit requirements, but can be shipped to remote regions in most perfect and  agreeable condition.  The ^Demand Increasing.  A glance over the figures of  government statistics will reveal  to us that the importation of.  canned goods by the Dominion  in general and British Columbia  in particular, is on the increase.  The people appreciate this form  of diet and are willing,to pay for  it.' How, then should we treat  the situation ? Are we going to  knowingly suffer the loss of  money every year or are we going to.adopt the means provided  and add to our income at no inconvenience to ourselves?  To send our produce to Prince  Rupert, Vancouver, Victoria, or  further afield, necessitates our  shipments being made When  similar produce is being-shipped  into these markets in large quantities from places located at  favorable distances, this means  exclusion to our produce and con-  A feu) lines We specially  recommend  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ��������� ���������Biscuits  Griffen & Skelleys  famous gold and"  silverbar���������.,. ' .  Canned and dried  ,���������'.:���������    fruits  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  ^Wholesale Grocery  Vancouver, B. C.  Peck & Co. Ltd.  Manufacturers of  CLOTHING, SHIRTS,  CAPS and OVERALLS  E^  We carry, a complete stock of Men's Furnishings  and all the. best- English  and American  Hats  JOHN W. PECK & CO., LTD.  MONTREAL       WINNIPEG      VANCOUVER  J  sequently a loss to ourselves as  well as to the markets. We cannot conveniently and profitably  reach the markets with fresh  produce, but we can do so with  canned goods.  I am not "springing" on the  readers and would be co-operators  any boom by which you will  make a fortune in a short time  by sitting at home while others  work for you. I simply claim  that should the undertaking be  carried out with diligence, ability and business application by  all concerned, an addition would  be made to your annual income,  both in the shape of a dividend  on the stock you hold in the factory as well as on the sale of your  produce.  {Bella Coola Produces the Best.  Bella Coola products carried  away over 20 first prizes at Prince  Rupert, this fact is sufficient  evidence that we grow first class  goods, with this we can command  good attention from the markets  weseek to enter. The better the  produce, the better can it be  handled^and put up.     -  fdo not advocate startingon a  big scale, but on a sound commercial scale worked co-operatively. Increase is easier and  more pleasant than retrenchment  and is not accompanied with explanations or excuses, which are  undesirable in the extreme to all  concerned. A mere experimental undertaking is, however, to  be avoided. The fruit and vegetables to be put up should, for  the first season only, be such as  can be grown in large quantities  with minimum labour; hence the  cheapest and for which a good  market can be secured.  Let us Co-operate.  1 have mentioned the inaugurating of the canning factory'on  co-opertive lines.. This is highly  desirable. The producer, who is  also stock holder, will in his own  interests eliminate to some extent at least the possibility and  probability of unfit produce reaching the factory; his motto must  be 'the best," this to a large  extent will ensure the putting up  of the very best goods, which  will find a ready sale.  I cannot here go into the technicalities nor process of canning.  I merely put forth facts which  might interest   those who   are  making their plans for this year  as to how their acreage might be  employed to greater advantage.  This is the opportune time not  only to arrange for the canning  factory itself  but  also for the  produce to be canned.    It is obvious  that unless a reasonably  sufficient kind of one produce���������  arranged  for   mutually���������is  not  forthcoming   in   due   season   it  would   be   suicidal   to   attempt  work on a small quantity.  Further details can begone into should interest warrant it.  ���������CECIL LANCASTER.  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  f"OAL MiNING RIGHTS of'the Dominion, in  ** Mani-joba. Saskatchewan and Albekta.  the Yukon Tekkitoky, the Nokth-wkst TERRITORIES and in a portion of tho Pkovinck of  British Columbia, may be leased for a term of'  twenty-one yeara at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,5<iU acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  .applicant in person to the A������ent or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself. '  Each application muBt be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not'available, but not otherwise.  A roynlty shall be paid on the merchantable cut-  put of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  1 The person, operating the mine shall furnish  , the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royulty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,    '  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. H.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������306'JO.  BUSINESS CARDS  Geoffrey K. Burnett   D. J. McGugan  C.E., B.C.L.S., B.A.S.C., B.C.L.S.,  ASS. M. CAN. SOC. C.E.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geoffrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & BurnettJ  'CIVIL ENGINEERS and  B.C. LAND SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B. C.  City address���������New Westminster, B.C.  P. O. Box 886. Telephone 232.  30E  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage-of our Fur Sates Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  \o\ |( ZIP'    Dealers and Trappers  We pay highest price for  your furs and castorium,  also handle goods on  commission, advancing  2-3 of value, our charges  being 5 per cent, for  handling.  THE EDMONTON HIDE & FUR CO.  P. O. Box 863  EDMONTON, Alta.  157 McDougall Ave-:  ItAJways  **  Providing for the Maimed  Soldiers.  Soldiers 'returning from the  front, according to the plans of  the hospitals commission, will  not be sent home, but will be  placed in the convalescent institutions provided for the purpose.  In view of the fact that the  government will have to pay  these men a pension in permanency, the commission proposes  to exercise its authority and in  all serious cases place them in  institutions where they may be  properly and scientifically cared  for and their condition ameliorated. This, it is felt, is particularly desirable because of the fact  that the pension is to be based  upon the nature and extent of  the permanent injury.  By way of overcoming another  complaint it has been decided  that the pay of an invalided man  shall not cease when he reaches  Canada, but shall be continued  until such time as his pension  begins.  TheMason&RischPiano   I  l!ii!  of to-day will make plain our  privilege to stale with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE I "  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  ^T Let us attend  your Victor Record  JJ   mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.       Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  ss  \JLTHAT��������� person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \X7HAT person so independent?  \a/HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola   farmers are  independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  HTHE REASONS  for this  enviable  condi-  ���������*���������   tion of affairs   are   obvious  to   anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  "~^ country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  Get**More Money" for your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver. Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected In your section  SHIP YOUR FIMJS milF.CT io'SHUHEnr'Hie laraest  house in Hie World dealing exclusively in NORTH AMERICAN RAW FUkS  a reliable���������resvx>risible��������� safe Kur House with an unblemished reputation existing- for "more than a third of a century." & Ion? successful record of sending Fur Shippers prompt .SATISFACTORY  AND PROFITABLE returns. Write for"3"bt &tmi������rt fejjtppcr,"  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  Write for It-.VOW���������it's FHEE  A  R QT-TITRFRT In/~ 2S-27westaustinave.  a. o. onuoe.iv 1, inc. DoptC67 chicaco.ujs.a.  ���������* ���������������������������uiWsWi ��������� --r ��������������������������� "-���������    imi 1 iff ���������ti miii 1 ���������!"-��������� iwTrrrTin urm wm   n     "  mm 1 rnrn 11 ��������� m ������������������nrr  i������vKMnca  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. O   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed if  f f  f  i>  ? i  Is  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  Saturday. ti  ay, lanuary 2������, /p){  2JG  30E  D  ONE DOLLA!  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coa������ between" Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  ���������    A distance of six hundred miles.  , It will be to your interest to keep well informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISE]  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public. No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  REAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning tp flock to  the country. The North? West  Goast of "British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know/ is- no excuse.. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  You  are judged  by the  stationery that you use.  -Let us do your job print-  . ing"  IN THE BATTLE OF LOOS���������continued  when one is out and about; for  trying to get the old gas wagon  to kick and keep kicking, puts  all the warmth into one that one  needs.  The places'we have to make  our quarters are a sight; generally an old barn, sometimes we are  billeted in - an old stable, here  again in' a prison, again under  the sky. However, ��������� we line together with our bully beef and  biscuits and are getting fat.    '  You have no conception of the  sort cf roads we have \o go over  and. what the old bus has to do.  I should not like, to handle a Ford  on our work, but trust to my old  "siddley-dcasy," for I should  hate to be' stopped for engine  trouble in some of the places we  have been in.  I guess 1 may say now without  giving -information   away that  we were in that last attack at  Loos, and what a sight!    We ran  continually  for 36  hours,  only  stopping for water, petrol and  oil���������eating on the-car when one  could ��������� no   lights,    bad   roadsK-  meeting troops coming down and  troops  going up, but thes spirit  of the men was wonderful. Those  comins down were.shouting and  singing to those going up, "all  right boys we've got 'em going,  keep 'ein on the run for when  we return."     "All right boys,  buck up and look slick for Brussels and the Rhine."   And the  town  of  Loos,   what   a sight!  Men running about with their  first aid bandages on looking for  the hospital, helping one another,  blood all over them.    And the  condition of their clothing! some  with ripped up trousers and hats  torn off, some even, with no coat,  only half a shirt, German helmets oh, etc.  The number of men I brought  down- to about; 10 miles behind  that line I could not count. Sometimes 4 stretcher cases, 4 sitting  inside^. 3 on the back strap and  2 in front with me. And the  tales they told! I happend to see  a roll call of a Scotch regiment���������  a sight I shall never forget; one  lieutenant and one colonel only  were left of the officers. The  lieutenant called the roll'while  the colonel stood by to receive  the report. When it was finished  and the roll handed to him he sat  down and cried like a child. "Is  this all, is this all, out of such a  fine body of men. Oh, God I"  160 were left out of .980 and the  men stood there in all shapes,  hardly any had hats; some had or  were wearing German helmets  and their clothes were all tattered.  I shall never forget it!  (Here Mr. C'alnan gives some  personal experiences in the fight-.  ing at Loos.)  Well, we were in the last attack and one time, I remember,  that gave" me-the cold shivers.   1  had to go up for an officer who  was wounded, and away I went.  It happened  to  be In a village  that we had just taken a'hd the  army had moved up one of the  big 'guns, I, did not know anything of this.    Well I pulled up  and   waited for the men to go  and fetch the officer, when all of  a sudden a terrific bang, gosh I  went stiff, a man poked his head  over a parapet and  said,  "say  mate you had better make.tratks,  for if the' Germans find out we  have this gun here the trouble  will start."   'You  may guess I  wanted to turn around'and make  tracks,- but the officer had-not  appeared so ha"d to wait. ��������� Another  bang, - another/every minute I  expected  to hear the  Germans  reply. Anyway I thought it was  safer to be near the gun than  away from' it. Just then whiz,  bang, the top of the church not  a hundred yards went up in dust,  then another bang and a cloud  of dust; then our gun thought it  time to be moving, which it did,  together with the appearance of  my officer and you may bet I  cleared too.  Another time I went with an  officer to his late dugout, during  the attack the first line had by  now been driven into the German  line.    It was just about dawn,  the officer kept saying, "just a  little further on (I had no lights  and the road was over a shefled-  up field) but we must get out of  here before dawn  or they, will  see us."    Gee,  that  was nice,  I could see the dawn in the sky  over in front of us; and the Germans will fire on anything, Red  Cross or not, then away he went  and left me to turn around.    I  smoked a cigarette to ease my  mind of the return journey and  watched that   dawn   come   up.  Half an hour later the officer came  ba^k with a bunch of things aod  put them in the car, by this time  I could hear rifle fire and small  guns, the big guns were starting  to send their messages over. Any  way we got away and into a village and ran from the line.  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General M'erchandi  ie  Dry Goods and Notions  Stapje and Fancy  roceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING  AND  COOK STOVES  1*3. w   * -Li..ui.v,i,iB������wi vuvnn nun-.. a   C  THEY WiLLSTAND IT-B������C^US������ TMEY ARE MADE JO WEAR  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  I  We .will  do it right.  i ii-  Sl  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  ���������TOW:N, Do not talk���������support home industries��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that; you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community. -  !Uffi  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of  Toronto. Let us quale you.  KYDD BROS., UNllTED  Vancouver, B. C.  NOBODY BUYS OVERALLS TO PLAYTRlCrxS WITH     j  THEM SUCH AS IS "SHOWN IN THE PICTURE ABOVE.  IN WHICH ROUR MEN EXERTED ALL THEIR STRENGTH  IN THE EFFORT TO RIP A PAIR OF PEABODYS* OVERALLS. 1  1 BUT IF THEY WILL STAND THIS-THEY WONT RIP  UNDER THE HARDEST KIND OF LEGITIMATE WEAR.  /^"S^ w- ARE the: agents of  i( ������3   PEABODYS'  GUARANTEED  OVERALLS.  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest pos?  sible price. Men's JFurnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������     ������  Tesits-Paek and Riding Saddles  w  V  a I-ear  Diisiiea every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  in  HOC  LP]  ���������"THE two principal reasons  *   why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only-  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to'their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the moift suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  OgilvieY  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a  From  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provieioners  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  My~~-, __.���������^������  ...~r_- .-.j,.���������.���������.,..  Ill ,m      ,mm  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  - Stains  Crockery and Glasaware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of-a.il descriptions  Best brands of Flour.    Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service   ,  BestGoods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  ���������*?Jl'~ y*?r  YNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C.


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