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Bella Coola Courier Jan 15, 1916

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 I������ :YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCELLENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  -fl-V*  WEATHER REPORT FOR DECEMBER.  Compiled  by Mr. C. H.  Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 37.    Minimum, 29.  Highest Max. (3rd) 48.   Lowest Min. (30th) 13  Rainfall, 2.98 inches.     Snow, 21 inches.  Rainfall for the year (1915) 34.33 inches.  VOL.' 4-NO. 13  BELLA COOLA, B.C., SATURDAY; JANUARY 15,  191$.  $1.00 a Year  Ajas^ans Capture  $$$    Mount Lovcen  W^ -~���������.- ;.f  $Now Command the Whole of the  \r'r\ ���������        Adriatic  '-:������.\ l :  ���������  /r'Vienna, Jan. 11.���������The capture  of'Lovcen, on the western Montenegrin frontier, by Austrian  forces was announced by the war  offiie'^tonight. Berne, in the interior of Montenegro on the river  Lim,'also has been taken.;  .''In^he capture of Lovcen, a  mc^ain -."5,770 feet high, the  'Annans have in their posses?,  sicfnf ri Montenegrin stronghold  that stood as a menace to their  naval base at Cattaro, in southern  D.alrnatia. Lovcen also is only  ab%ut- six and a half miles to!the  weWof Cettinje the Montene-  grin^capital.  'London, Jan. 1L���������The capture  oiMount Lovcen by the Austri-  ans^has not yet been admitted by  Montenegrins. If the reports  arfftrue the loss.will cause great  disappointment to Italy because  thfe-Austrians would thus command the whole of the Adriatic.  f ^dntenegfihsDefend^Well  W&  Cettinje, Janf 11  an  .���������The Austri-  offensive in overwhelming  numbers continues. They have  lost enormous numbers attacking  the? Montenegrin positions, but  haye been repulsed several times.  * 'A   Greek Soldiers Killed  ^h   JParis, Jan. 11.���������News received  from trustworthy sources is tp  the effect that soldiers of the  27th Bulgarian regiment attacked the Greek troops at the frontier near Westrina, and tried to  occupy two frontier posts. The  encounter, says the Temps Salon-  iki'correspondent, continued for  six hours and artillery on .both  sides was used. Two Greek  soldiers were killed and several  wounded, the losses of the Bulgarians were more serious.  Germans Evacuate  Forward Bases in East  London, Jan. 11.���������The Austro-  Germans are said to have abandoned the hope of recapturing  the territory lost in the recent  fighting, according to the Morning Post's Petrograd correspondent, and as a result of Russian  pressure a general evacuation of  the forward bases by both Germans and Austrians is proceeding vigorously. For months past,  adds the correspondent, th e j  have been accumulating munitions and stores for a spring advance.: Vladimir-Volhynskyi was  the forward base of the Austrian  armies, and Kovel of the German  armies; the'Hovel magazines are  now being evacuated to Chelm,  and the Vladimir-Volhynskyi  magazines to Sodal.  The Dvinsk correspondent of  the Bourse Gazette reports that  the Germans have also begun the  evacuation of Poniewesch in the  Baltic provinces.  Desperate Fighting  for Czartorysk  Petrograd, Jan. 11.���������Struggle  for the possession'of Czartorysk  is continuing with unabated fury,  fierce fighting in the streets occurred on the, several occasions  when the town changed hands.  The efforts of the Germans to  outflank the Russians at Bayan  frontier, east of Czernowitz, to  thus relieve pressure at the latter  place was checked.  S. S. Venture arrived on her  northbound trip January 6th at  7 p. m. Her passenger list for  our place was not long. Our  schoolteachers, Miss K. Hallowes  and Miss Blanche Balkwill, returned after spending the holidays at Vancouver.  School opened at the townsite  on January 3 with Mrs. Anderson as teacher. She took charge  of the school until the return of  Miss Balkwill.  Dick, C. B. Kirby, R. Simmers.  Mexican Bandits Kill  Fifteen Americans  The weather showed unusual  tendencies at the beginning of  the week. The thermometer  dropped down to ten or more below zero. A strong wind prevailed at the same time and made  the cold so penetrating that ordinary people suspended outdoor  work.   The new sawmill which had  started to cut its first logs had  to stop as it was found impossible to operate it on account of  the severe cold.  The new saw mill is bringing  additional and we might say unusual activity to the town now  in the dead of winter. The Indians are busy sawing down trees  and hauling logs to the mill. To  see the long string of teams on  the road we conclude, that every  available team at the Indian village is hauling logs.  Your King and Country Needs  You  The school at Hagensborg remained closed while the cold  wind lasted, it being well nigh  impossible for the children to  face the cold blasts.  Italians Defeat Bulgarians  ;iome, Jan. 11.-Italian army  defeats Bulgarians near Alesso,  Albania. A considerable number of prisoners were taken.  A large Serbian army is also operating thirty miles north of the  Italians, Italy is rushing reinforcements.  El Paso, January 11.���������-Fifteen  Americans employed by the American Smelting & Refining Co.,  Chihihuahua, were taken off a  train today and shot by Villa  bandits.  Aeroplanes Bomb Sofia  Saloniki, Jan. 11. ���������A number  of��������� Bulgarian priest's were arrested on Sunday at-- a' Bulgarian  church. They were taken to the  Allied base by a detachment of  troops of the Entente powers. -  The concentration of Austro-  German troops at Monastir is  confirmed.  A flotilla of French aeroplanes  dropped bombs on Sofia causing  Considerable damage.  The corporation known as the  Bella Coola General Hospital held  its annual meeting at the Colony  Hall, Hagensborg, on Tuesday,  January 11th, at 1:S0 p. m. In  spite of the severe weather conditions the meeting was largely  attended and the various matters  brought up were discussed with  interest. The following officers  were elected for the year 1916:  A. C. Christensen, chairman,  H. G. Anderson, secretary. M.  B. Christensen, Mrs. B. F. Jacob-  sen. Dr. Sutherland, medical  superintendent.  In referring to the meeting of  the Bella Coola Hospital mention  should be made of the unanimous  expressions of gratitude to Mr.  and Mrs. Sutherland and Mrs.  Saugstad for their successful efforts in placing that institution  in the position of a live concern.  After many days it is a matter  of gratification to the whole community that we at last have a  home for our sick.  We are in. receipt of a letter  from Rev. T. C. Colwell in which  he says:  "Please express my appreciation to the people of Bella Coola,  Lower Bella Coola and others  who contributed so generously  to the success of the bazaar held  by the Ladies' Aid. In view of  the many calls upon their generosity; they have done splendidly. I congratulate the officers  and members of the "Aid" that  the results have been so gratifying."  The same letter conveys the  information that Randolph Saugstad, Ed. Grant and A. F. Goth-  ard are at Comox in the Comox-  Atlin Battalion and are getting  along nicely. Mr. Colwell has  organized a service for the recruits on Sunday evenings in the  barracks and they have been  very well   attended.     The men  Those of our citizens who believe they are doing their country  a service by. supporting the present government, namely the  members of the Lower Bella  Coola Conservative Association  held their annual meeting at the  Mackenzie School on Saturday,  January 8, at 11 a. m.  As the prospect in their estimation being good for several years  yet of their being the chosen few  who can dictate what work  ought to be done by the government in the community and to  dispose of the patronage, the  meeting was more in the mariner  of a love feast than a political  meeting.  . The president in the course of  his annual address alluded to the  many of the members who are  absent in the war. He stated  that he could not act in the capacity of president any longer.  The election of officers resulted  in T. P. Saugstad being elected  president; A. C. Christensen,  vice-president; W. J. Quinlan,  secretary-treasurer; and H. G.  Anderson, auditor.  The following were elected additional members of the executive board : Vincent ' Clayton,  Percy Gadsden, John Jorgenson  and J. H. Whitcomb.  H. D. Brown-was recommended as road-foreman and Wesley  Grummett as engineer of the  Dominion Fisheries patrol boat  Merlin stationed at Rivers Inlet  during the fishing season.  The club recommended that  soldiers returning from active  service be given  preference in  YOUNG MEN ENLIST!  We are in receipt of the following telegram from  Prince Rupert, which speaks for itself:  "Recruiting-sergeant Lauretson will arrive at,Bella  Coola by the Venture on Friday and will stay one week  for the purpose of recruiting for the 102nd Battalion,  "Please advise Hagensborg and other points. Do  your best to secure good representations for the Bella  Coola district.  "R. 0. Jennings."  interview the, managers of the  three saw mills in the valley for  part of the information needed,  other sources might suggest  themselves to him.  Sir���������It-is noticed you put the  erection of a saw mill as being  desirable (i. e., needed) in Bella  Coola, by which the wiiter assumes is meant a lumber mill to  purchase and cut up material for  sale as being a paying proposition,  it would no doubt be instructive  if some details of such a venture  and ultimate success were published such as cost of plant, material, wages, working expenses,  probable output, capital required.  Thanking you in anticipation.  Yours, etc., Woodcut.  Mr. C. Lancaster will conduct  the services at the Lower Bella  Coola schoolhouse tomorrow at  11 a. m. If the weather should  prove very boisterous it is probable the meeting will be declared  off. .  Rev. W.'H. Gibson will preach  at the Mackenzie schoolhouse tomorrow evening at 7:G0.  enjoy the singing which forms  a good part of the service.   The appointments for office  piano helps out and they have a  fine violinist to accompany.  They had a splendid Christmas  in the barracks, an account of  which Mr. Colwell promises to  send later.  The 102nd Battalion, C. E. F.,  occupying temporary quarters at  Comox, organized a society on  December 21st for social enter  tainment and sports; a piano has' mate of the work for the next  been  rented and  installed;   al-'year be provided  by the road-  ready   some   excellent   musical foreman t0 the association."  talent has revealed itself,  both  vocal and instrumental, auguring  well for a most enjoyable season, one-year-old child of Mr. and  Music, is ; being purchased ancl Mrs. Tucker met with a painful  game's organized. j 'accident last Monday.    It fell on  A concert is to be given by the the hot stove and received a se-  Battalion at New Year and we Vere burn on one side of the face.  anticipate in the near future to'.    have a basket ball team which ] We have been asked to publish  will prove no mean opponent for the following letter. It seems  all comers; we also hope to have that the writer is contemplating  astrongassociation football team, the erection  of a saw mill and  The officials are: Acting-corp- invites the public to fin ni^h him  oral J. W. Barker; Sergt. J. B. the-information he requires be-  Langford; Privates T. C. Colwell, fore entering upon the venture.  R. Saugstad, F. Montgomery, J.  We would advise the writer to  A notice signed by R. O. Jer.n-  ings, road-superirtendent, announcing the closingof the Bella  Coola bridge for traffic was published in a previous issue.  As this bridge is on the main  road between Bella Coola and  the settlement the closing of it  caused considerable indignation  in the community, because there  had been ho preparation made  whatever to have it either repaired or rebuilt.  As a consequence a meeting  was called at the Colony Hall,  Hagensborg, on December 27th,  to discuss the situation and devise ways by which relief might  be obtained as speedily as possible.  Before the meeting was called  to order it was learned that one  of the leading citizens of Bella  Coola had wired the Minister of  Public Works acquainting him  of the closing of the bridge, and  that the minister had replied that  orders had been forwarded to  the road-superintendent to have  a new span, built without delay.  This information was received  with satisfaction, as it was conceded that if the bridge was unsafe it being rebuilt at once was  all that could be done.  Some informal  talk  followed  ���������about about the most business-  We are sorry to learn that the! like way of furnishing the lum-  A motion endorsing a petition  by the local fishermen that five  additional independent licenses  be issued for this locality was  carried.  That the Courier's work has  not been altogether in vain was  shown in the passing of a resolution "that a detailed statement  of road work done and an esti  tice to the sawmills of the valley they should be given opportunity to submit tenders for the  lumber needed in time for them  to have it cut and delivered.  Rev. W. H. Gibson has received a message frcm the young  men who left here New Year's  day on the southbound boat to  enlist. It is signed by C. Mellor  and contains the information  that Harry Burt, Oden Peterson  and C. Mellor have joined the  103rd Battalion, C. E. F., No. 3  company, stationed at the new  drill hall at Victoria. ���������  ber for the new bridge.    It was  unanimously agreed that in jus-  I    (torch Kuttre    \  Sunday School  Church Service  .10:45 a.m.  7:30 p.m.  Preacher for Sunday    Rev.  W. H. Gibson.  AH Are Welcome.  ���������������->���������'44I <JML> -<������������������L2: ������������������*> -<*C>* <*0  Namu Happenings.  At 5:30 Monday afternoon the  Namu people were roused frcm  their evening meal by the call of  fire. They were not long in discovering that a house occupied  by George Mason and two other  men was in flames. As several  houses were very close together  the attention of the people was  quickly turned to the saving of  their effects and the forming of  a bucket brigade. Others were  busy laying the hose, but as the  tide went lower than expected  this was not accomplished until  the fire had consumed the house  where it started; but the bucket  brigade was successful in saving  the adjoining buildings. Mr.  Mason lost nearly all his effects,  but the other two men occupying  the same house lost very little in  comparison. It was fortunate  that the strong north wind which  prevailed just previously had  gone down, otherwise it is hard  to say how great the loss would  have been.  The cold has been intense for  several days.  Timber-inspector McCrea surprised our people a few nights  ago by seizing a lot of bents or  crooks, used in building boats.  These had been cut by some of  our Japanese friends for the  Draney Fisheries.  It is said the guilty parties will  be fined fifty dollars.  This chapter of ill luck cannot  close without mentioning that  during a holiday outing Joseph  Moore lost his gasoline launch  by fire while anchored in Gunboat Pass. He saved the engine  but lost a pet dog by suffocation.  The fire started by the lighting.  of some spilt gasoline.  After  completing  needed  repairs the sawmill resumed opera-  ><*��������� i tions on Monday, January 3. '  SELLA C06LA COURIER  Saturday^ January lSt /q  !  s  \  i,  *  i  N  ���������������������������-I  L-i  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Goola Publishing Co. Ltd.  compared to that of a law against  murder or any other crime with  no penalty attached to it. ' The  criminals would only snap their  fingers at such a law and defy it  openly, and the officials entrust-  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1 Year $1.00 ed with executing the provisions  6 Months '    0.75  3 Month*    0.50  United States  1 Year.....,  $1.50  United Kingdom  1 Year. $1.00  of the law would simply be par-  general policy which has charac  alyzed.    We are no advocates of | terized the various McBride ad  war or force, but we do maintain | ministrations of the last thirteen  that war and force are means; years.    This is inevitablv s.o both  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving iheir copy  regularly please notify the'rnanagement  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising Rates,  Apply at  Office.  To Correspondents��������� While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the  name and address of every writer of such letters  must be given to the editor.  The Editor reserves the riffht to refuse publi-  catiun of any -letter. All manuscript at writer's  risk.  Vancouver Office"- -317-323 Cambie St.  necessary and obligatory upon  the strong,to defend the weak,  and the United States' should be  sufficiently dignified and just to  use force in defending its citizen? from being unjustly treated  and murdered by a foreign power when remonstrances have  proven to be vain.  Mjg>alua pnpitli suprnna rat lex."  SATURDAY, JAN. 15, 1916.  I   United States Too Proud  to Fight.  The latest papers to date at our  office contain the information  .that President Wilson's wedding  trip was,cut short, because he  The Difficulties of the  Premier.  When Mr. Bowser, the strong  man ,of the government of British Columbia, viewed the perils  of his party in the coming elec-  ciori he promptly seized the premiership and assumed full charge  because Mr. Bowser is leading  the same party and. because he  Has been identified more than  any other man with the inception  the policies."  He will therefore be compelled  to defend all his acts as member  of McBride's cabinet, he will be  obliged to readjust the old policies both as regards land, timber,  railroad grants, etc., in such a  j way as to give continuity to any  act, no matter how mischievous  it has proven itself to be.   In fact  Jie will be face to face with the  old folly of putting new wine into old- bottles, and ttiis now as  both of his party and the administration of the government.  ' He-had' conceived   plans  by  which- he   believed   his   party,  seemingly   doomed   to   defeat,  could gather new strength and  had to hurry back tp Washington face  its   critics  with, plausible  to deahwith the serious situation {promises of redeeming the pro-  arisingout of the sinking by the vince from the deplorable situa-  Austrians of the P. & 0. liner tion in which it had been placed  Persia, on the occasion of-which  an American consul lost his life.  ^When we review the history of  under the joint guidance of himself and Sir Richard.  But in evolving the new plat-  American   'diplomatic   dealings form he has to be careful not to  with the"vCentral Powers since  the sinking of the Lusitania,. we  are unable to. see any special  cause of hurry on the part of the  president; ....  Eight months have passed  since American lives were lost by  the torpedoing of the Lusitania,  followed,by a number of other  vessels., destroyed in a similar  way, causing loss of lives of persons whom the American flag  should give safety in their lawful undertakings; and in all this  time nothing has been accomplished in the direction of put-  condemn any of-his former acts  committed while chief lieutenant  and attorney-general of the McBride administration. But being  a clever lawyer he has tackled  the- problem and it will be seen  whether he will be able favorably to impress the. .electorate  which is the jury in the case, of  his sincerity and ability to redeem his promises. As a proof  that he will not recant any of his  former acts we submit that one  of the organs of the government  in discussing the new premier's  program says in part:  "There is  ever will prove to be injurious to  the best interests of the province.  The voters must in the coming  election uproot, root and branch,  ail those who are responsible for  the evils brought upon the province, no matter how fair their  promises are.       '        :  ������    o    ������     o    o  o  More Aid for the P. G. E. R. ?  -Tn the solution of no^problem  now facing his government will  the new premier, Hon. W. J.  Bowser, be more closely watched  by the .electorate'than, in that  involved in.the completion of the  Pacific Great Eastern Company's  line to Fort George.,/. For. this  project Mr. Bowser must take  his.full share' of responsibility,'  for, as a member of the McBride  government, he approved of the  railway policy of that administration and assisted in carrying  it out.  ard McBride and asked for further aid from the province. How  Mr. Bowser and many members  of the legislature firmly withstood the company's plea is now  well known. The company got  nothing and has been unable to  make progress with its undertaking since.  "This week Mr. Bowser announced the appointment of Hon.  Lome Campbell, the Minister of  Mines, as chairman of a Cabinet  committee 'to consider the problems involved/in the early completion of the railway enterprises already undertaken.'  This committee  should be able  t  to do much valuable work and to  secure information  that should  materially assist thagovernment.  Doubtless the members will inquire fully into the manner in  which the company has earned  its present guarantee of $35,000,  which has been already increased  to $42,000, and which it is proposed to increase still further.  Doubtless,-also, they will inspect  that portion  of   the   line with  which Vancouver people are most  familiar,   and will  endeavor to  judge from the condition of the  roadbed, bridges and gradients  whether the half or the whole of  the original guarantee, has been  spent on it.  Apart from the work of the  committee, however, the public  will be interested to learn if, as  indicated in the government  press," Mr. Bowser has changed  his attitude and now finds that  he can support a proposal which  he denounced: in March last.  '. "At any rate the situation now'  is that .the liabilities of the province in respect to the guarantee  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  MADE   IN    B. C."  Prompt Attention Given.Letter Ord  lert  Gault Brothers Limited  WHOLESALE <DRY GOODS  361 Water Street        Vancouver, B.C.  <J Gault Brothers for over 60 years have successfully)  maintained wholesale Warehouses throughout Canada  <|- The Vancouver stock ������ the largest and best assorted  stock on the Coast, in some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES Ready-to-Wear  SMALL WARES   MEN'S FURNISHINGS  RIBBONS House Furnishings  CARPETS  LINENS  DRESS GOODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  ting a stop to the slaughter of one thing which some critics of  rifltlfwil      srsnissys.        t..~��������� ������������������ J      _1    ������1.J1 i-U ,->    ,~ ���������      _J ������������������_.!. A-    ��������� __   .  neutral men, women and child  ren.  >  The position taken by President  Wilson Has been severely criticised by both the press and individuals; and although we cannot-claim" to have experience or  knowledge of international  statesmanship yet we offer the  opinion that the criticism offered  against the president's position  "are well founded.  In his own defense, President  Wilson once used the expression,  "We are too proud to fight"  But in the face of this expression  he urges upon congress the necessity of arming for defense, to  be prepared. If United States is  too proud to fight, it is of no use  to' be armed. Armies and navies  are for the purpose of war and  not for show.  Mr;--Wilson should know by  this time that in dealing with  diplomats of the mental calibre  of tho3'e 'of/ the Central Powers  there, is: no argument has any  weight; but that, of force, and he  should also know that his patience  and his above quoted expression  cause nothing'but contempt in  the minds of these inhuman negotiators.  His position as regards these  violations of the law of humanity  and of the nations may well be  the new administration seem .to  overlook, which is that Mr. Bowser is the successor to Sir Richard McBride and as such committed to the carrying on of the  The company now finds itself  unable tojcomplete its undertaking. It needs between $6,500,00Q,  and $7,000,000, but financial conditions throughout the world at  present make it impossible for it  to place its bonds on the market.  "As has been already told by  The World, the railway company,  when it found itself unable, last  spring, to proceed with construction work, approached Sir Rich-  When, "in the course of human  events/' it became necessary  to get Sir Richard out of the government some place had to.be  provided for him in order to  avoid trouble. There were not  many places available that would  be suitable for a person of such  exalted position. The talk of  Sir Richard becoming a member  of the Dominion cabinet or receive the appointment of High  Commissioner of Canada in England, had .subsided spontaneously  with the partial revelation of the.  . ��������� fQy,QOA ���������   ���������,    ..    .    t   ���������     .     affairs of the province of which  of interest and principal on the ,    ,    , ,  D  n  -c,   u j��������� x A_ ������������������.,���������   | he had been the prime minister  so  long.    There did  not  seem  anything in sight that would suit  P. G. E. bonds amount to $31, -|  710,000,' and it is proposed to increase this considerably. The  people of British Columbia, therefore, have the right to the fullest  information on the progress and  prospects of the whole undertaking.���������Vancouver World  Sir Richard's Predicament.  The Bowser administration has  in one respect at least taken a  wrong step, a step which will not  enhance its reputation either at  home or abroad for just and honest dealings.  him better than to become Agent  General in London. But here  was a difficulty which had to be  removed before Sir Richard could  land in that position.  Hon. J. H. Turner, by an act  of the legislature, holds the office of agent general for life and  is, in spite of advanced age, hale  and hearty, and is not over  anxious to give up the position  to another.  ��������� There is some obscurity of how  the difficulty of persuading him  to vacate the job was approachec  but the outcome of it was tha:  Mr. Turner was induced to sig'  a conditional resignation, to take  effect as soon as a suitable pension had been provided for him  Not waiting to perform his part  of the bargaia Mr. Bowser published Mr. Turner's resignation  in the Gazette, forced Sir Richard out of office and had him appointed to fill the vacancy caused  by Mr. Turner's resignation.  In  an  interview  Mr.   Turner  spoke with considerable,warmth  in referring to the/treatment received.    ' *It is a brutal thirty 0  kick me out," he said.   "Exigencies of politics are  responsible  for the government in Victoria  wanting   the ' change.    I  never  contemplated nor gave a verba!  resignation.       I presented  m>  resignation unwillingly six weeks  ago, when it was demanded In  the   British . Columbia   government, but I stipulated for a pension  and  other matters.     The  resignation was not to be effective unless these matters were  carried out."   '  * The government must consult  the legislature before it can carry  out its offer; and in the mean  time Sir Richard's chances of  office are somewhat uncertain.  LARINE  If  The Best Known and  Popular Lubricant for  Motor Boats  Its use assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or In cylinders  HV3PER8AL OIL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B. C.  HOE  ^���������m  HOI  PROJECTED ROUTE OB1 THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SERVICE  Vancouver, Bella Coola and Prince Rupert  S. S. "CAMOSUN"  Leaves Bella Coola for Prince Rupert at 6 p m  Thurs-  January 6, 20. .  Leaves Bella Coola for Vancouver at 10 p. m   Friday  January 14, 28.  S. S. "Coquitlam" or S. S. "CapilaKo" sailing  from Vancouver every week, carrying Gasoline and  Explosives, will call at Bella Coola by arrangement.  HBAD������oSrelPcrillfwVarv a"d othor to'���������������������������on, apply to  Jfcnt, ������W%%������������������X:, VICTOR"1 ������F GE������- Mc<*Eooh.  O  0  ^  HOI  IOC  w  ������?  II  ������  >**.  t *H  Saturday, January 15,  1916  SELLA C06LA COURIER  J  -J  m  Q  o  0  u  o  " Wine: is a Mocker.'*  That the use of' intoxicating  liquors if it does not exactly steal  a, man's brains yet impairs his  reasoning powers, is illustrated  by an editorial in The Week, a  pro-liquor paper published in  Victoria. It is safe to' infer from  the contents of the article re  ferred to, that the writer of it is  not a total abstainer, and in. the  light of modern scientific research as regards the effect of  the use of intoxicants, upon the  human brain it is equally clear  that liquor has had its usual effect upon him.  Science has demonstrated that  A few lines we specially  recommend  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ���������Biscuits  Griff en & Skelleys  famous gold and    ���������  silverbar���������  Canned and dried  fruits  ���������   LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO, Ltd.  WKolesale Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  . W. Peck & Co. Ltd.  ��������� * .       ' * f  Manufacturers of  If CLOTHING, SHIRTS,  fer  ft  to*-  M  CAPS and OVERALLS  We carry a complete stock of Men's Furnishings  and all-the best English  and American Hats  IP  JOHN W. PECK :&; CO., LTD.  -MONTREAL        WINNIPEG       VANCOUVER  i*4**'  >**.  %  J  the effect .of alcohol upon the  human system is exactly the opposite of what the consumer believes it has. A person who has  had "a wee dropie" feels as if  he is doing more and better work  than when he has received no  stimulant; while the proven fact  is, that he actually accomplishes  less and with poorer results.    .  He has less accuracy of vision  and judgment, less endurance  and.capability, while all the time  he is under the delusion that he  is stronger, more able and in  every way better both in mind  and body, because of the liquor  taken into the system.  That the editor of The Week  is in earnest  when  he  praises  the  effects of liquor upon the  human mind seems certain from  the fact that he gives the article  referred to place on  the front  page of his paper with editorials  on subjects such as: "Christmas  1915," "Progress of War," and  "The New Premier's Program."  We   believe   the  readers,   after  perusing the extracts we  give  below, will arrive at the conclusion that scripture is right when  itsays: "Wine is a mocker."  "The Mirthless Man."  "Our conception of a teetotaler  is a gentleman   with  dyspepsia  who bolts his meals with the aid  of ice water, thus foregoing the  pleasures of the table.    What a  lot of pleasures this unfortunate  creature is cut off from!   How  much that adds to the discomforts  of life, he  has to endure!    He  cannot even rid himself with a  drink of the cobwebs that are  darkening his brain.    The truth  is that many avenues to pleasure  are closed to the teetotaler.    He  is marooned far from the sparkling stream of social intercourse.  Drink is a spur to wit and creates the conditions in which any  sort of conversation is good conversation.    It is no wonder that  for a long time man was inclined  to regard the gift of strong drink  as something peculiarly divine.  What does the teetotaler know  of the   sparkling   fancies   that  whirl  and  foam   in  a glass  of  champagne; of the solid comfort  furnished by those twin enemies  to carking  care���������a pipe  and a  glass of beer.    It is not to be said  that all teetotalers are dull and  sombre,   but certainly not to a  club of Prohibitionists would a  man go in quest of a rollicking  companion.    Not  from  a  man  with an aversion to wine do we  expect   the   mirth   that   would  'move a soul in agony.'   Shakespeare tells us   that he  would  rather heat his liver with wine  than cool his heart with mortifying groans, and in the very next  line he imaged for us a figure  that symbols the Prohibitionist  who 'creeps into the jaundice by  being peevish.'   So much by way  of indicating that if merriment  is essential to long life the teeto.-  taler  will  not live  long.     The  average teetotaler has few ways  to forget the stepmotherliness of  the world.    It is with the subject  of Prohibition as with  religion  according to Lord Bacon. Whereas, says Bacon, a little study of  the  drink   question   under   the  guidance fpf .the   half-educated  W. C. T. U. will drive us to total  abstinence, a profound study of  it in the temple of science will  reconcile us to the juice of the  grape���������the fermented juice that  St. Paul recommended to Timothy."  .^.-r-J-t^,^..^^-^,.,.. ���������...,. r >nn���������(���������   j--������������������fTTij i���������-Timn r���������-r"<���������rni  iTi-i^t ,rrt*--^rj ffm-T--r������ ms  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  fOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  ^ Manitoba, Saskatchewan and alberta,  the Yukon Tekritory, the North-west Territories and in a portion of the Province of  British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent  of the diatriet in which the rinhta applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of 16 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to pur- ,  chase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30690.  BUSINESS CARDS  Geoffrey K. Burnett   D. J. McGugan  C.E., B.C.L.S.. B.A.3.C., B.C.L.S..  ASS. M. CAN. soc. c.e.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geoffrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & Burnett)  CIVIL ENGINEERS and  B.C. LAND  SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B. C.  City address���������New Westminster, B.C.  P. O. Box 886. Telephone 232.  ���������no  HOE  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of, B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always/  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of vaiue on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B.C  HOE  Dealers and Trappers  We pay highest price for  your furs and castorium,  also handle goods on  commission, advancing  2-3 of value, our charges  being 5 per cent, for  handling.  THE EDMONTON HIDE & FUR CO.  P. O. Box 863  EDMONTON, Alta.  157 McDougall Ave.  Jl Letter From Fred Grant.  The Germans have been bombarding quite heavy. They have  blown a little town on our left  practically to pieces. As far as  we know only two civilians were  killed. Our aeroplanes have been  kept busy trying to locate their  batteries. Hardly a day passes  but what we see at least 2 or 3  planes being shelled. It is very  exciting watching them. We  hear, unofficially, that it is likely  we will be going to Serbia next  month..       I  am   back  cooking  (Continued on puge 4, column 4.)  / helylason cr RischPiano  of to-day  will make plain our  privilege to slate with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO MADE I "  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  mill  ������T Let us attend your Victor Record  fjJ mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. Cf  \X7HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \X7HAT person so independent?  ^THAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of   the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola  farmers are independent,  they are strangers to hard times.  "THE REASONS for this  enviable  condi-  I  tion'of affairs  are   obvious to  anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  ^ country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  ]   CD  Gct"More Money" iov your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected Jn your ���������ootlon  SHIP YOCR FUltS IHKECT to "SIIUUERT" the larpest  house In the World dealing exclusively In NOR'fU AMtKitAN RAW FCkS  a reliable���������responsible���������safe I'ur House with an unblemished reputation existing for "more than a third of a century," a loni? successful record of sending: Fur Shippers prompt,SATISFACTORY  AND PROFITABLE returns. Write t;ir"XTbc 6>tjut>crt abipper."  the only reliuble. accurate nierket report and price liat published.  Wrllo for U-yOW-it'm FUEE  AR   QHITRFRT   lr\n   25-27 WEST AUSTIN A VE.  . 15. OrlUtSllK I , inc. Dopt C 67 CHICAGO. U.S.A.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months  :  0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATKS.  One Yeah  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO.  BELLA COOLA,  B. C.  LTD.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name  V. 0.  Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed .4'  BELLA COOLA COURIER  Saturday, January /������,  /9/0  !  Seed Grain Should  Be Given a  Germination Test  Germination tests made on  oats, wheat and barley this fall  at the Dominion Seed Laboratory  at Calgary, show that there are  considerable quantities of oats  and barlejvparticularly in Alberta and Saskatchewan, which are  unfit for seed. The average percentage of germination for Alberta oats is 68 per-cent and none  of the samples of Alberta oats  received have germinated up to  the standard which is 95 per  cent." Moreover, the average  preliminary count which is made  at the end of six days, is as low  The Courier is the Only as 35 per cent.  . Good seed oats  netospaperp^edon ������- ^l^  the mainland coast be- (14 day) couht of 90 to 98 per  tween Vancouver and cent.of vital seeds.", samples of  Prince Rupert.' oats received   from Saskatche  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR'  A distance of six hundred miles  wan are somewhat better. The  average preliminary count is 50  per cent and the average final  ;count'is 86 per cent.'"   Many  - samples show evidence of frost  - injury, these always giving low  ADVERTISERS-  Now is, the time to keep  your iianie. before the.  publicf No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford^ to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  DEAL EST ATE. booms in the  cities have come-and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for - all. . Did not  kpow, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the ' 'Courier."  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us ;do your job printing.   We will do it right.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  P.. TOWN, Do not talk���������support home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that. you..-are in earnest is to  practise it.  SupportIhe "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  oiurier  $1 a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  -   It will be to your in  terest to keep well in  r 7 ���������      j-   ^    iL��������� percentages of vital seeds, botn  formed regarding   the .n the��������� preliminary and.fina]  happenings throughout counts     Alberta Barley has also  the Northern Section Of given low germination  percert-  #/m������ Prmtinre��������� "    a*es-   The averaSe Preliminary  WIS rrOViriLC -(6 day) count is :62 per cent and  THE "COURIER the average final (i4day) count  GIVES THEM.   ��������� is 70 per cent.   These figures are  very low and indicate that con-  siderable^proportions of Alberta  oats- and - barley and Saskatche  wan':oats are -weak in vitality  and undesirable, for seed purposes. ' ��������� r- " ��������� "  ��������� -As- one of the first essentials  for a good crop of any kind is  good seed, it is important that  only, seed with strong germination energy and a.high.percentage of germinable seeds should  be used. The'germination en:  ergy of "a sample is indicated by  the percentage of seeds which  germinate during the first four  or five days of the test. The  preliminary count on a sample  of oats is 25 per cent, the germination energy of the sample  is very low, but if the preliminary count is 90 per cent, the ger-  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YO U direct. Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of  Toronto. Let us quote $ou.  'AYDD EROS., LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  0 d  30E  d m  'THE two principal reasons  1 - why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is hone better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under* government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BACON���������  BurHS  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisioned  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  ir -������������������"������~t ��������� * " 1 - c rir r^-"^-*"-"*  fcrf.irr r-mnti'  mination energy is strong. Two  samples may vary as widely as  this in the preliminary count but  may contain the same percentage of vital seeds, in-which case  the final counts would be the  same. If the final counts only  were considered one of these  samples would be thought to be  as good as the other, while in  reality one is good seed and the  other undesirable for use as seed.  The sample, with a high preliminary" count will withstand unfavorable weather conditions^ at the  time" of seeding very much better than the other. It will give  a more even stand on the field  and a crop which will in all probability, ripen somewhat earlier.  Farmers should satisfy themselves .before, seeding time next  spring that their seed grain is of  the best quality. This can only  be done by a germination test,  conducted either at home or at  the Dominion Seed, Laboratory  in Calgary. Samples"up to 25 in  number will be tested at the Seed  Laboratory free of charge for  any individual or company in one  year. Above this number 25  cents per test is charged;       ���������    -  Samples from Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British  Columbia'-for test should bead-  dressed to the Dominion Seed  Laboratory, Box 1684, Calgary,  Alberta, an.d postage paid by. the  sender.- It "is unnecessary to  send stamps for return postage.  For wheat, oats, barley and seed  of similar size, about-half a tea-  cupful should be sent for test;  for seeds of smaller size such as  flax, red clover, timothy, etc.,  half this quantity is sufficient.  If more than one sample of" the*  same  kind of seed is sent for  test they should bear some distinguishing mark or number.  Dominion Seed Laboratory.  A Letter From Fred  Grant���������continued.  again. I hated like anything to  go back to it.for it is such a disagreeable job, especially here  where there is absolutely no conveniences whatever; still I hated  to leave them in th* lurch when  no one else would take it on. All  the cooking is done on an open  fire outside and it isn't very  pleasant when it is raining.. The  guard lights the fire at five in  the morning and calls me half-  an-hour later, breakfast being at  six. We have fried bacon, tea,  bread and ^sometimes a little  butter, which is generally on the  high side. Only about half the  troops go out at a time and the  ones who stay in get lunch at  11:30. It consists of bread and  biscuits, corned beef,. tea and  sometimes soup or fried potatoes.  Lately we have all put in a franc  a week and bought a few extras. Tonight for instance, we  had boiled vice and stewed apples, lasf night we had a sago  pudding. When the troops are  in the trenches or moving around  at all, each man does his own  cooking and gets just what he  can. It keeps me busy from the  time. I get, up until five in the  evening. I started to write this  morning but had to stop. The  water! have to pack quite a distance, then there, is our rations  to draw and wood to get, and  believe me it is not as plentiful  as it is in Canada, or I mean B.  C. All our candles have to be  put out at 8:30 Our guns are  certainly hammering away at  the Germans tonight, giving  them^one better than they gave  us yesterday.  We have a good lot of fun  amongst ourselves. Most of the  boys irTour troops are certainly  splendid fellows.  FRED GRANT.  ������  Braids  CEYLON  PACKED.BY V  WM, BRAID   & CD;  tea:importers  ���������    VANCOUVER,     B.C.-  Order that pound  of BRAID'S BEST  Tea now. Packed  in handsome 1, 3,  and 5 lb. tins.  Ogilvie's  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  From  ALL GOOD GROCERS.  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1895.  Brynildsen  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATJNG AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    ������  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mosl: suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes - Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  A f"Jy?  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C.  ,i ������v,  ���������<nV������<iV*i-.>  V������*U**--*      *������������������ '**"���������"

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