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Bella Coola Courier Feb 3, 1917

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Array ���������p  A  IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCEL-  LENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR DECEMBER  Compiled by Mr. C. H. Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 30.   Minimum, 23.  Highest Max. (16th) 10. Lowest Min. (25th) 7  above zero.   Rainfall, 2.27. Snow21.25in.  Rainfall for the year (1916) 40.89 inches.  VOL. 5-NO. 8  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, FEBRUARYt 3, 1917.  $1.00 a Year  UNITED STATES BREAKS WITH GERMANY���������COUNT BERNSTORFF TO BE HANDED PASSPORT  Brilliant Raid Carried  Out on Hun Trenches  ' London, Jan. 31-Brilliant and  bloody raid on German trenches  near Transley took place on Saturday, the British were only four  minutes in crossing "no man's"  ' land and found the Huns were at  breakfast. They believed the  British were also engaged in trying to keep warm. The raid resulted in 6 officers and 352 men  ������ of picked regiments being captured.  Third allied conference seeking co-operation of all forces oi  Entente nations is in progress today at Petrograd.   England is  represented   Lords   Revelstoke  "and Milner; France by General  - <������astelnau; Italy by General Lau-  s   derehi and'Senator Scialoja.  Brigadier-general Walter Long  has been killed in action:      ^ 1-,L  Lord Devonport denies .ration  - - system planned for Britain;--<* 7  ' \'   Practical steps are being taken  - f for ���������inducing Canadian ;-women,  '"7relatives'of's6ldiefs.of,the;Dpm--  <��������� inion forces, t%4re%nio.panafe  ^v-Tiiere-:;arertViox^p5&'i^fijilic^:  S women,-, ii-|Englftt������?g^gla1mca;  \\"burden"op.^  ���������,V,sources and otherV/ise disturbing  r ������in,an economic'vrjti&Si & 'A"  ;." '"British' steamer", Argo, '1261:  ~',?tons, blown'upwith-losirof nine  J Vmenr< British steamer Jevington  and Norwegian steamers Donstad  and'Fulton torpedoed.  Samuel Chapman, Unionistcan-  didate for West Perthshire, pro-  ��������� poses Sir Robert Borden for that  seat.  Plot to Poison Lloyd  George and Henderson  Derby, Eng., Feb. l'.'���������A plot  to poison|David Lloyd George and  Arthur Henderson was revealed  today in an arraignment at the  Guildhall when three women and  one man were charged with conspiracy to kill. Women are suffragettes and the man is a "conscientious objector to war and  war service."  British casualty list for January, 12,314 killed, 17,164 wounded,' 2928 missing.  French Penetrate  \ German Lines  Paris, Feb. 1.���������French forces  penetrated, the, first and second  German lines south of.Lintre and  captured prisoners, elsewhere on  front was qujet.    ,  Germany Threatens to  Resume Unrestricted  Submarine Warfare  Berlin, Feb. 1.������������������Germany formally ^served notice on United  States and the other neutral  nations in the world today that  she had been forced to "do away  with the restrictions that, had  been imposed on^her methods of  fighting on sea." After Feb. 1  Germany places the blame on  Great Britain for the continuation of the war.  P,etr6graa\-Feb;< 1���������Advancing  waist deep in the snow.Russians  stormed and captured'at the point  oi ,'th.e bayonet.the Germanposi-  "3^b'ttfeVda]in *FebV l.-HNewspar  persi anid- shippers generally1 are  .unperturbed" 'over new- British  British mine blockades someeven  consider it advantageous. Holland supports the action.  Artillery Active West Front  Paris, Jan. 31.���������Artillery actions on both sides and grenade  fighting occurred on Hill 304 and  left bank of Meuse, usual cannonading on remainder of front.  Enemy aeroplane brought down  by our artillery'in region of Nan-  nemarie. Artillery fighting in  sectors of Dixmude, Steenstrate  and Hetsas.  Several deaths from extreme  cold reported in Paris. Traffic  suspended, no news from eastern  fronts.   Extra Sessions to be Held  Ottawa, Jan. 31.���������John Stan-  field, member for Colchester, resigned position as chief government whip, but has not been officially accepted. Premier Borden's resolution will ask extra  sessions to expedite war business  before his departure to England.  Voting of war credit is the main  business, proposed bill to take  over unlimited balances in banks.  Postmaster-general announced in  ~*i;he House that after February 1  no parcels containing food stuffs  and clothing can be sent Canadian prisoners of war in Germany  Gallery of the House crowded  to hear former minister of militia  speak. Sir Sam Hughes admits  he occupies a difficult position,  but does not wish to sever friendship with Conservative friends.  Hague, Feb. 1.���������The Germans  are making new trenches near  Holland's border and their troops  have arrived at various places.  Dutch feel some anxiety on account of the military preparations. Belgians are still being  deported.  San Francisco, Feb. 1.���������Fear  German raider now in Pacific,  Japanese liner Nippon Maru,  from Yoklohoma.is several days  overdue.. , ,  Britain Will Retaliate  ���������London, Feb. 1.���������The British  foreign office requested the United States government to inform  f 4,'  Germany that reprisals will follow if .Germany carries out her  threat to sink hospital ships.  -' British made a successful raid  on the Somme front, entered the  enemy trenches and captured  prisoners. Artillery active in the  neighborhood of Les Boeufs. 3  German planes brought down  yesterday and three others driven  away in a damaged condition.  1 Now reported officially,that 260  lives'.were lost through thesink-  ing of the auxiliary cruiser Lau-  rentie, many were killed by the  explosion.  Jottings of Bella Cppla and District  S.>.S. Venture arrived-in .port  at-8 p." m. on-.Friday, last'-.weekf-  with the usual-lot of "goods and  is , ,���������,     -   >i j  ,- -.      ���������'���������      '- --i ;vv ;  ���������manifest in/farming.  passengers.  Rio de Janeiro, Feb. 1.���������The  Minister of Marine confirms the  report that German submarines  have crossed the South Atlantic.  The minister denies the rumor of  a German naval base in Brazilian  waters.  Would Spell Prosperity for B. C.  Vancouver, Feb. 1.���������Antipodean trade commissioner asks  Premier Brewster's assistance  with the Dominion government  in lowering tariff rates to Australia. The concession would  spell prosperity for British Columbia. Australia is able to  handle all export trade and imports would flow back. Premier  was sympatheticjand agreed with  the idea. Immense new markets  would be thrown open.  Fraudulent Liquor Votes  Vancouver, Jan. 31.���������At meeting held, tonight, in the Labor  Temple, it was resolved that  mothers of sons votes be not off-  set-'-by'-.fraudulent liquor 'votes.  Mo're'irregUiarities told of in the  taking of the soldier vote on Prohibition in a London cable, one  hundred [and fifty repeaters already discovered.  Calgary, Jan. 31.���������Miners are  going back to work today.  Winnipeg, Jan. 31���������Roblin trial  postponed, former premier too  illto attend court;  for-'a"' visit" to^ her' parents; Mr?  and Mrs. Livelton, after an absence of several years. Her  many friends here will welcome  her warmly and make it as hard  for her to leave again as possible.  D. H. Hoage of Canoe Crossing, who has spent several weeks  of the fine, mild weather in the  State of Washington, came back  last week just in time to get the  benefit of zero weather. No  doubt he is sorry he returned at  this time.  F. A. Johnson, A. E. and R.  Owens, returned after a two  weeks stay at Ocean Falls.  Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Neale of  Prince Rupert, is again here  canvassing the valley and renewing acquaintances. It is Mr.  Neale's intention to hold meeting and discuss issues pertaining  to the present needs of our community. We predict that his  meetings will be well attended  as a renewed interest is now  <*Private -B."'M:' .BrynildsenMs  'hqmeJrf6r:������yisit^b'efq're reaving,  N". Sheinman, representing the  ��������� j    -,   ,c *    >   ,      ,      i,  Acme^Importers/ Ltd., of Prince  RupeytMis in town looking up the  fur business. If the present unusual cold weather continues'for  any length of time we shall need  all the furs in the country for  our protection.  Andrew Stenswick of Hagensborg, is already off to begin getting cannery gear ready for the  Draney's Fisheries of Namu,  preliminary to the summer fishing operations.  Dominion-constable C. Tucker  returned last week -from a trip  to Namu, Bella Bella and Ocean  Falls. He reports that the Indians on this part of the coast are  all busily at work, mostly logg-  ing.  He reports that Donald Mc-  Crimmon, a young man 19 years  old engaged at Namu, lost his  life by drowning on January 15th  while out skating on the lake.  Geo. Mason who was with him  when he broke through the ice,  tried to render the drowning man  out to him, but succeeded only  in getting_a_colcLJbath himself.  , The deceased was a promising  young man, the only son of a  widowed mother.  The Draney Fisheries at Namu  is putting in an electric plant  for the lighting up of the cannery town.  On January 24th a quiet wedding took place at Hagensborg  when Miss Annie Nordschow was  married to Olai S. Urseth. Rev.  H. Sageng officiated. ��������� As we did  not have the pleasure of attending the wedding for the very  good reason "we were not invited  we take this opportunity of extending our heartiest sympathies  with the happy couple. Itissur-  mised that as soon as.the present  cold snap is over they will make  for across the border to Montana  where Mr. Urseth has a 320 acre  ranch'.   - -,  "May their shadows nevergrow  less.;V- -,_ ,:\- ���������-'.���������;.:.;,-,. ���������,;���������'   .  this purpose'a subscription was  taken up at Hagensborg and  and Bella Coola, which brought  in $54.65; this amount was sent  to R. Leese, London, with a request to make the purchases in  London and forward the gifts to  the soldiers enumerated on a list  accompanying the letter. - This  was duly carried out by Mr.  Leese and every soldier which  had claimed Bella Coola as their  home received( boxes or letters  at Christmas.  It will be'readily seen that by  engaging a friend in London to  atiend to the wholo transaction  a considerable saving was effected. There were sent 24 Christmas boxes and 11 letters.  Mrs. I. Fougner, president of  the W. C. T. U., on behalf of  that society handed us for,publication the following letter of  thanks to the people of Hagens-  borg and Bella Coola: ^  ."   .  '"We .wish"';to thank-all those  who" so, llcindly * contributed -to-  XAnotherVofr'our���������'oi'd:timers has. -...-���������,i. p.,���������..,,L00 v  -fordefenders.*'Wm:Sutherland ' '  IN-*.'"**:  ���������V.'*.V.-Jjr!*'i5V^'iH^-'"''"' ' j|������-i'v������-U<  has enlisted witlvxhe-'motorser-'  vice and has already departed  from Vancouver for the East.  boxes- for our  Miss Evelyn Grant, daughter  of Mr. and Mrs. S. Le C. Grant,  of this place, has entered the  country's service as a nurse.  She will be shortly leaving for  overseas. '  Frank Broughton as the local  representative ofuthe provincial  government has a crew of men  engaged in repairing the wharf,  which had a number of piles dislodged by the action of the ice  in the last freeze-up.  Christmas Gifts to the Bella Coola  Boys Overseas.  The members of the local or-  ganizrtion of the W. C. T. U.  took it upon themselvesMo render last Christmas a day of joy  and thankfulness to our soldier  boys of Bella Coola serving in  Europe. They decided to send  those on theicontinentChristmas  boxes and those stationed in  assistance by shoving a board I England Christmas letters.   For  ^IW^.cal^tb^'atten tiprt���������, p/*- all  parties, which includes everybody residing in the valley, to  the meeting of the Farmers' Institute at the Colony Hall, this  afternoon at 1:30 o'clock.  Mr. Neale, provincial horticulturist will be there and co-operation wil 1 be the subject discussed.  .  \  THE     MINISTER    OF    FINANCE  REQUESTS  THE  PEOPLE    OF.CANADA    TO  .���������_  BEGIN NOW     ,  TO  SAVE   MONEY   FOR   THE  /  NEXT WAR LOAN  JAN. t.  1817  DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE  OTTAWA .    ���������  Martin Christenson Attending Lectures.  Editor,  Bella Coola Courier.  When I left Bella Coola I promised to let you hear from.me. It  was then my intention to go down  to California to stay there during  the winter months. But I have  got no farther than Washington  yet. While visiting my folks  here my brother, who lives at  Parkland, nearTacoma, persuaded me to come and stay with him.  Parkland is an idea] place for  one to spend his vacation. And  the.weather has been very pleasant with no snow and hardly and  hardly any frost yet.  The Pacific Lutheran Academy  is situated at this place. My impression of this college is the  very best and I think that people  would do well to send their boys  and girls to this school. As I  have made it a point to visit the  Academy every day since I came  down, listening to lectures and  reviewing my oldtime school-  work. I think I can speak with a  certain knowledge of the matter.  How long I will stay here at  Parkland before I go farther  South I can not say at the present time. In fact, I like this  place so well that I may not go  down to California before late in  the spring.  Martin Christenson.  9  Sunday School     -    10:45 a. m.  (Elwrrh JDfaitre  Church Service  7:30 p.m.  Preacher:  Rev. Hans Sageng, A. B.  All Are Welcome.  fc 2  BELLA COOLS COURIER  Saturday, February 3,  I9i7  rwrinrTJuarrr -wn nr mi  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bixi.a Coola by  the Hklla Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES: ���������  Canada  1  Year  $1.00  G Months    .'.   0.75  3 Month*    0.50  United States  1 Year $1.50  United Kingdom  i Year $100  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receivin.fr their copy  regularly please1 notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  Foil Advektisinh  Rates,  Apply  at  Okkh-,e.  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will lie published, the  name and address o������ every writer of such letter*  must be jfiven 1o the editor.  The Editor leserves the riirlit lo refuse publication of any loner. All manuscript at writer's,  risk.  "i>alitfi pnpuli luturrnui est lex."  SATURDAY, FEB. 3, 1917.  An Outlaw in Civilization.  If i,t were not because the  people of civilized countries  through familiarity with its  criminal practices had become  inured or calloused in their feel-  ings as regards the liquor traffic-  it would have been outlawed long  before this, not only because of  the evil effects of the wares it  ��������� offers'for sale, but, rather, because of its constant evasion and  violation of the laws of the land.  No other business would be tolerated for any length of time which  so persistently as the liquor traf-  "fic has done, to defy law and  order.  Not only when war is waged  upon it does it resort to lawlessness, but it pursues its criminal  course, if possible, more steadily  when unmolested.  It was thought that British:  Columbia in rolling up a majority of nearly six thousand against  the continuation of the traffic in  the last election would have settled its fate for all  time;  but  i i  such does not seem to be assured  yet.  The taking of the soldier vote  in England and France gave the  traffic a last opportunity in' the  contest to follow its usual practise of defying the will of the  people by corrupting the ballot  box; which is the very foundation of a self-governing nation.  Details of the voting taking  place during the month of December show some extraordinary  results.  The Act, authorizing the election held overseas, provides that  scrutineers should be present at  the polls;    This provision has  been ignored in many instances,  in camps,  hospitals  and other  places which, during the autumn,  were thoroughly canvassed in accordance with the Act and only  some hundreds of  votes were  cast, in the month of December  the same camps were again canvassed,   but this time  without  any supervision or scrutinizing  with the result that.thousandsof  votes were gathered.    We give  just one illustration to show how  this latter method worked out; '  .    At the   Epsom   Convalescent  Hospital,   accommodating  2700  Canadians, there were properly  polled in September,^ votes; in  November, 89 votes, both scrutinized by proper officials, but in  December, at the same hospital  by unscrutinized officials, there  were polled 1104 votes.  The Order-in-Council  passed  by the present government requiring identification of soldiers  at the polls was entirely ignored.  The government and people of  this province will not tolerate  anyone to nullify the mandate  of "the people and a searching  investigation must be held and  we have no doubt of the result.  Bold Expressions.  Those who have any knowledge  of the German people will admit  the fact that they are of the  most patriotic in the world. This  war,has demonstrated that they,' -  although of a proud disposition,  are willing to suffer almost any  distress on behalf of the beloved  "vaterland" (fatherland). And  their faith in their rulers has,  heretofore, been unquestioned:  They have had full confidence in  the oft repeated assertion by the  authorities that the war was  forced upon their land by jealous  neighbors, who are bent upon  utterly destroying them as a  natron.  Bat as the weary days are  dragging on and being prolonged  into months and years the strain  begins to tell upon their high  courage and devotion.  This w.inter is especially severe  upon all classes; food is scarce  and very high, some necessaries  such as fats are practically unobtainable, at least in adequate  quantities, and now it seems that  actual famine ,is approaching.  The supply of a bare necessity  such'' as potatoes for instance,  which in the nature of things  ought to be comparatively plenti-  ful, is so low that the weekly  ration is being cut down from  five to three pounds'. ���������  The confidence of the people of  GILLETTS  LYE  EATS DIRT"  ''"Ml ttroM oPumo-ruiL Dilution ifus' "  ������9  TORONTO ONT.  t  strength is being weakened by  the inroads of starvation or lack  of proper and sufficient nourishment and the unexpected prolongation of the war with its  enormous sacrifices. Riotings  and disorders, the news of which  are persistently leaking out in  spite of strict official precaution,  indicate the growing discontent,  and' now it is learned that a pamphlet entitled: "The only way  out," published in Munich, South  Germany, boldly asserts that defeat is certain. It points out that  the war-worn forces of Hinden  burg have been inert a long time  and still have before them the  vast stretches of the Russian  Empire. The pamphlet goes on  to say:  "Germany cries: We will fight  till the last man and when no  more men are left we will enroll  women; but the people themselves are convinced that no  manoeuvre of this sort can avert  ultimate defeat, which at this  moment is mathematically certain.", It adds: "With the disappearance of the Hohervzollerns  it will'become possible for Germany to establish and cement  . A Swiss newspaper, The Zurich  Volksrecht, says that the document voices the state of opinion  very widely'in Bavaria and almost everywhere in southern  Germany, bo th in influential  middle-class circles and among  the lower orders.  This being a fair sample of the  state of affairs throughout the  land it is not surprising that  peace proposals are applauded  and supported in all German circles both in United States and  Europe.  o    o - o    o    o  War Savings Certificates.  It is hard for us living as we  do in this secluded  and quiet  HSSSKS^gSflSE  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  Germany in their unconquered' cordial relations with England."  How Shall We Honor Our Dead?  How shall we honor our Dead?  That noble, manly throng  Who heard their.Country's call,  Who died that Right might conquer Wrong!  How shall we honor them all?  How shall we honor our Dead?  Daily before our sight  This living question'rolls,  And comes to rest from evening flight  Within our very souls.  How shall we honor our Dead?  This is indeed a part  Of our warm blood which flows,  And even binds us heart to heart  With our most hatod foes.  How shall we honor our Dead? .  Teuton, and Franc, and Celt  This burning impulse have,  Its sacred theme and call are felt  By Latin, Turk, and Slav.  How shall we honor our Dead?    ,   ,  Britain an answer hunts;  Her Colonies beyond;  The south, the West and Eastern-fronts;  It's sought in Trebizond.  How shall we honor our Dead?  Sweet flowers take their pare,  And crosses by the way  Are some reward to the aching heart;  None to the moulding clay.  How shall we honor our Dead?  Statues of bronze and stone  For heroes of the war:  These tributes never reach the zone  Where these brave. Spirits are.  Bow shall we honor our Dead?  Each human voice is dumb.  This the reality,      -  That answer true can never come  Through human agency.  How shall we honor our Dead?  ���������Just in,the light-of-God;.   '  Of His son, and the Holy Ghost;  Just treading the path their Saviour trod.  Honors our Dead the most. .  Oh! help us,then deai; Lord,  Who for the world hath bled;  By act, in truth, and in very word *  Thus to honor our Dead. ,  ���������S.fLEC. Grant.  sheltered spot to realize what  this war really means to the  people who,are in contact with  it, and that millions of our compatriots, .members of our own  country, are suffering the hardships incident to its ravages.  And it is equally hard for us to  realize that we are brothers and  sisters of those who thus suiter;  members of the same famijy and  as such in duty bound to help  carry the enormous burdens laid  upon both them and our common  country.  This war has not caused any  of us in this part of the Emph*e  to suffer either from hunger or  cold on account of the war, for  which blessings we ought to  show our appreciation and gratitude in making sacrifices from  our worldly stores to aid our land  in its fight for the objects which  should be dear to every one of us.'  The Dominion government is  just now sending out an 'appeal  to.the people to save up from their  earnings and incomes as much  as possible and invest these in  the forthcoming war loan. There  are many persons here whochave  money to invest and who could  without any sacrifice whatever  loan hundreds and in some cases  thousands of dollars to the government to enable it to carry on  the war to a successful issue.  This may be the only way.that  they can serve their country,  therefore, they should eagerly  grasp this opportunity to show  their- love and' loyalty to our  country.  It is a perfectly safe investment.  The immense resources of our  country have hardly been touched  as yet in the way of development  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,  MACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  'WADE   IN    B. C."  - Prompt Attention Given Letter Orders1  7SJS13W WANT MEN to represent  of 1493 SEVENTH AYE. W., VANCOUVER, B. C, them in different parts of  the Province in the sale of their well-known hardy nursery stock  for spring (1917) delivery. The work is pleasant and'remunerative. Honest, energetic men only are needed. We particularly  want a good man on the G. T. P. Railway.  Planters should write at once for our 80 page Catalogue.  "Produce more 1917."���������Hon. Martin Rurrell, Dominion Minister of Finance.  ROYAL STANDARD  FIELD SEEDS  WE are extending our already extensive field seed business for  1917. It is the desire of the Canadian Government that the  people produce as much as possible during the ensuing year,  and we are arranging with the leading dealers throughout British  Columbia and Alberta to carry a complete line of ROYAL  STANDARD FIELD SEEDS. These seeds are the choicest it is  possible to secure in the World's Markets. They are Government  inspected and carefully selected for purity."  Seeds should be purchased early as prices inevitably advance as  the Season progresses. In all probability the market will be short-  and it will be difficult later in the year to make purchases.  Order ROYAL STANDARD Field Seeds NOW.   If your dealer  , cannot supply you write us and we will ship to'yoa direct.,  . WRITE TODAY FOR FULL INFORMATION AND PRICE LIST     "  Vancouver Milling & Grain Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  and under the efficient management of an enlightened people  will in the years to come be one  of the richest countries in the  world. ���������    _  Financiers and capitalists who  make investment of large sums  a study are investing millions in  these war bonds and that fact  alone should be sufficient guarantee to any intelligent man of  the soundness of the investment.  Therefore, let this aid in the  form of in vestment of the savings  of the common people in war  savings certificates become popular throughout the land, and let  it be known that Bella Coola in  this instance'has done her bit.  O        O      C       O       0  I /> '' '  Over Stocked.  At the outbreak of the war a  number of men in the overseas  service became colonels, majors,  captains and such like. Pull with  the authorities at Ottawa was  the main qualification required,  and the higher the rank the offi-  ���������-���������and besides all that  GREAT  WEST  TEA  cost's you no more than other Teas  not so good.  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  nor:  3������c  HOE  lit  S. M. NEWTON  The Prince Rupert Empire  man, who is a candidate for the  House of Commons for this'Riding. ���������      ���������;.. ���������  The object of.this space"is to  introduce to you the man who always fights for the rights and  prosperity of the masses, irrespective of politics.  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT AND PASSENGER SERVICE  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  S. S.      CainOSlin      Leaves Vancouver every  Tuesday at 9 p.m. (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Fridays p. m.  ,S. S. "Coquitlam" sails from Vancouver fortnightly, carrying Gasoline and Explosives, will call  at Bella Coola by arrangement.     ;  For rates of.Freights, Fares arid other.information, apply to  Head Office, Carraxl St., Vancouver; or Geo. McGregor,  agent, 1003 Government St., Victoria.  nor:  30E  Advertise your  mmmwiiimwijmwjimmiiiiiiujum^IMW^^ 10  Saturday, February 3,  1917  BELLA, COOLA COURIER  |HOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE FUNDS REQUIRING  INVESTMENT,MAY PURCHASE  AT PAR  DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK  IN  SUMS OF $500 OR ANY  MULTIPLE THEREOF.  Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.      ,        ,  Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by choque (free of exchange at  any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per ,cont per annum from the date of  purchase.  Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued intorost,  as tho equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue  in Canada othor than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security..  Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only. ���������  A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and  slock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which' bear their  stamp. ���������   .      '   ' "     ���������  For application forms a������ply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.  DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA,  OCTOBER 7lh, 1910. r  cor could  be given the higher, but knew Sir Sam Hughes'would  was the pay demanded, money return them with higher-rank.  being no object as it was easily  obtained by war loans or other-  1 wise.. The press from time to  time has pointed out that the  fashionable clubs in some cities  in England were, infested with  these Canadian officers who are  superfluous and'wholly unfit for  the services that they were appointed to, but in spite of that  drawing big pay from the taxpayers of Canada. ���������'  A despatch from London says  that in the Shorncliffe area alone  there were 238 colo'hels and maj-  ��������� ors some months ago, and the  total since has greatly increased.  The breaking up of battallions to  which these'offic'e'rs belonged and  amalgamation with other units  may have had something.to do  with their number being so large,  but it is mainly due to the absurd  system of giving'high military  rank to civilians without military  knowledge or qualifications. The  despatch further states that the  problem of eventually deciding  the fate of returning officers is  thus transferred to the military  establishment in Canada, where  it is anticipated they will either  engage in recruiting or again  enter civil  life.    A number of  . seniors express , bitter resentment, declaring they will neither  revert to lower rank nor return,  but intend remaining here until  ��������� the authorities find them suitable  employment. These supernumeraries are a problem. Some  are wholly unfitted for iiommand  owing ,to lack of knowledge of  military organization. We would  - have cleared them months ago,  Now that he has gone they must  go, declared one in authority.  The News-Advertiser of Vancouver has this to say on the  subject: "The question of dealing with superfluous colonels and  majors in the Canadian expedi-  ditionary force may not be so  easy as it looks., But the war is  not made for staff officers, and if  there is no work for them, or if  they are not qualified for work  at the front, it is not just'"that  they should remain an encumbrance or a charge on ��������� the  country."  And now Geo. Perley, the Dominion High Commissioner in  England, insists that all these'  superfluous officers return to  Canada and be relegated to private life, when they may beable  to serve their country by developing its resources.  o    o    o'    o    o  Speculators Had Their Daj>.  It is pretty safe to say that-  Mackenzie and Mann and other  men of their grasping disposition  will find the new minister of  railways, Hon. John Oliver, less  plastic character to deal with  than the former railway minister, the easy-going and compliant  Thomas Taylor.  There have already been a few  clashes between the new minister and several railway officials,  needless td say that the astute  John carried his point in every  instance. ^  It will be found that with the  new government in power the  specelator will have no better  chance than an ordinary citizen.  Live Stock.  It has been said and truly that  the produce of the farms should  not be hauled to the market, but  driven. That means that the  farmer should keep live stock  for the consumption of his crops.  In that way will he combine  the business of production .and  manufacturing and .reap two  profits.  At the present high prices of  meat, butter and eggs, it should  be the aim of the farmers of  Bella  Coola to  get posted on  everything necessary to be learned regarding the rearing of live  stock, as there is no'question but  what there is money to be made  in it if properly conducted.- We  produce from 'Seasonable Hints'  a few notes on live stock; but  while we do so in order to "draw  the attention of the farmers to  this live issue, we would .urge  that they read up the pamphlets  issued by,the government oirthe  different subjects pertaining to  live stock, etc., and act on the  information received.  "Direct marketing of all or  most of the raw products from  the farm is a mistake. It demoralizes the farmer, exhausts  the farm and impoverishes the  commonwealth. Every farmer  should aim to convert at least  one-half, or better still two thirds  or even more' of his crop' into  concentrated or finished form before selling., The advantages  are many: to mention two or  three, greater net cash returns  possible and probable, increased  soil fertility certain, and, best of  all, work for the hired man the  whole year round, thus progress-  continued on page 4, column 2.)  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  r-OAL MINING RIGHTS of the Domir.ioD, in  ^ Manitoba. Saskatchewan and Alberta, ,  the Y ukon Territory, the North-west Territories and in a portion of the Province of  British Columbia, may be leaned for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2.560 acres will be leased  to one buplicant.  Application for a lease muttt be made by the  applicant in person U> the Agent or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or leiral subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the richts  applied for arc nut available, but not otherwise.  A royally shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the leasee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working df the mine  at the rate of J10.00 nn acre.  For full information' application should be  mndc to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. D.���������Unauthorized publication of this ad-,  vortisement will not be paid for.���������30690.  BUSINESS CARDS  ii  Hon  H ������  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Far Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always. ��������� <  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value-on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST.! VANCOUVER, B. C.  IOC >1. \o\  "ItJUways  9t  HARRY HANSON "TpHLEuRMEBL^LE  of Princo Rupert  inventor of the Harry Hanson  Special Water Heater  (Patented in Canada)      ,  will make a trip to Bella Coola  to introduce his patented rapid  heating water coil, also to.' do  whatever plumbing or water pipe  work there may be a call for.  If you have a pump and a good  well you do not need any city  water works to have all the conveniences of modern home comforts. Harry Hanson can improvise a system with ordinary  whisky barrells and one hoiir's  pumping'each day. He has several of these systems installed as  far north as Smithers and Terrace. Send him an ordinary floor  plan of your home and what you  want, also the location of pump.  State if you want hot and cold  water or cold water only. Will be  pleased to estimate on your work.  Harry HansonThP0iuHmbe?le  P. 0. Box 395  139 2nd Ave, Prince-Rupert, B.C.  Dealers and Trappers  GET THE  HIGHEST  PRICE FOR YOUR  O. Box  863  157 McDougall  Ave.  EDMONTON, Alta.  We pay all express and  mail charges.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   OF   COAST���������BAXTCrE . XXI.  ' Take Notice that 1, Thomas J.  Whiteside, of Vancouver, B. C, occupation builder, intend to apply for  permission to purchase the following  described land:  Commencing at'a post situated on the  north shore of Jackson Passage, about  one-half (1-2) mile within the entrance  and near a small stream, thence North  20 chains, thence West20 chains, thence  South 20 chains, to the shore, thence  following the shore line to the point of  commencement, containing 40 acres;  more or less.  THOMAS J. WHITESIDE. \  Dated, November 30, 1910. Jan. 6--March  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  xxx.  DISTBICT   OF   COAST���������RANGE  Take Notice that I, Mark Smaby, of  Ocean Falls, B. C, occupation timber  cruiser, intend to apply for permission  to purchase the following described  lands:  Commencing at a post planted at the  southwest corner of Pulp Lease 205;  thence North 20 chains; thence East 20  chains; thence North 20 chains; thence  East 20 chains; thence South 20 chains;  thence East 40 chains; thence South 20  chains; thence,East 20 chains; thence  South .7 chains more or less to high  water mark of Cousin's Inlet; thence  following along said high water mark  in a westerly direction to a point due  east of this post; thence West 12 chains  more or less to this post, containing  140 acres more or less. .���������'."-���������." ���������.  ' (Signed) MARK SMABY.  Date, December.26, 1916.  Jnn. 27--Mar. 24.  =53333  TheMason (jr Risch Piano  ,   of to-day will make plain our  privilege to state with authority:  "NO FINER  PIANO MADE!  "   U  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  ^JT Let us attend your Victor Record  ^1 mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.   '   Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Lid,  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, LB. C  *i^=^^k^=^F?~ri?r^~=^  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA ^OOLA GOIJRIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year   Six Months    Three Months .... ..-.���������:."   UNITED STATES.  One Year. .........:....  ,.$1.00  .. 0.75  .. 0.50  $1.50  Distil  3  XJLTHAY person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \1I7HAT person so independent?  \X7HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola  farmers are independent; G  tkey are strangers to hard times.  View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  T,HE REASONS for this enviable condi-  ���������*��������� tion of affairs are obvious to anyone-  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  ��������� The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  " Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella^ Coola Valley carried a\Vay  over twenty first prizes.  [ELLA COOLA and the. surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  ,    [  illczJllTDjIlczDlft  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year. ...;....,............. .$1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  . .subscription  BELLA CQOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.'  BELiLA COOLA, B. C  Enclosed please find.. >.......  for Bella Coola Courier for.......................  Name... ". .................:.  p. o.:.,..;......:....;..;......  Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed  A*- 4  BELLA. COOLA  COURIER.  Saturday, Fehruay 3,   19\7  m  en  locrmD  D  bscriy  u.  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The. Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coasl between Vancouver and  , Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles.  The dreadnought "Iron Duke," flagship of.the British fleet in the Jutland naval battle.  // will be to your in  terest to keeP WeH m  , formed  regarding   the  ^happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISER  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public. No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know," is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.  We will do it right.  Live Stock.-Coi.tiiuiccl from page 3.  ing toward a solution of the farm  labor problem. All of which, of  course, leads up to what I have  suggested several times already  in this publication, the advisability of your gelling into live  stock in a small way at least,'if  not already practically interested. With a plentiful supnly of  forage in the country no better  time could be chosen for making  the little start. Do it right now.  Do not make the mistake of trying to handle too manv; too many  is almost as bad''as none at all.  "Feeds.���������Variety is one of the  great secrets of feeding. " Waste  no good straw; it is more valuable  than   low-grade   hay   and  should  be   fed' either cut  and  mixed with other roughages or  fed long once daily.    In the absence   of   sufficient    succulent  ration such as ensilage or roots,  a good substitute such as molasses, beet pulp or an extra supply  of grain must be provided.    The  | stock must be kept thrifty, else  Uhcy are not extracting the most  ��������� value from the feeds consumed.  1 Mill feeds should have been purchased,   co-operatively, in  mid-  jsummer when prices were low.  Remember the grade of feed is  in every way the cheapest, costing less per pound of protein and  usually being more digestible.  "Dairy Cattle.- Good calves  of good breeding, well reared to  the first calving, are by far the  most profitable animals. Varying with the 'feeds available,  prices of feeds and individuality  of the animal, it costs' at least  $G0 to S7.j to raise a heifer to first  calving (23 to 32 months'of age.)  Other things being equal, the  poorer the bull used the nearer  the dairy farmer is to bankruptcy, and the better the bull the  nearer to prosperity. The best  available pure-bred bull is the  only animal which may be profitably used.   He will pay for him  self in one crop of calves. Canadian farmers are losing millions  of dollars annually by milking  poor cows and rearing poor calves  from them, by worthless bulls.  The cost of rearing and maintaining is the same for the profit-  making cow and the cow losing  from $10 to $30 per year."  More production is wanted in  British Columbia, and' to have  these we must have more producers, an'd let everyone of them  endeavor from how on to produce  more from the same area. Better crops and more of them is  what is wanted.  This is a capital time to plan  the work for the coming season,  no matter iri what part of the  province you live. Whether the  ground happens to be large or  small there is nothing like apian  which will show what the crops  were doing the past season and  this will enable you to change  the crops about for tho next so  that they will not occupy the  same plots. You will want to  draw up a list of seeds and roots  which you intend to buy and decide on what manure you will  require.  Keep up a lively interest in  the Farmers' Institute.  AT   THE   FRONT.  BUY  3IQla'OF CANADA  THREE-YEAR  $ 25.OO   FOR   $21.SO  50.00     '" 43.00  100.00      " 86.00  INDIVIDUAL PURCHASES LIMITED TO J1500.  FOR FULL PARTICULARS APPLY AT ANY BANK  OR ANY MONEY ORDER POST OFFICE  JAN. 9, 1917  Finanoe   Department  Ottawa  BUILD UP 'YOUR HOME  U TOWN. Do not talk���������support home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  1  every  ay at  ,B.C.  6  | '"rjlj;] two principal reasons  I why   you   should   buy  j "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  j Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B.C. under government inspection. ;  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  bacon:  ,  ADVERTISE IN THE  "COURIER"  Ogilvie's  R-oyal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  ���������'.'���������From'/'.'-'  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1895.  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  eneral Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-datd stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes    Q    ������  Tenfs-Packand Riding Saddles  Settlers, Prospedors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mosl suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints - Oik - Varnishes - Stai  EGGS  and keep your money at home.  IOC  P.. BURNS.&..CO., Ltd.-  Packers and Proviaicners  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  ALL GOOD GROCERS  ins  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.    Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.   Prompt service  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  RAW FURS'BOUGHT3 AND SOLD  mnutm������i������a������������������mim������sBjj /9i;  S  you want good sport  isit bella coola. excel-  :nt hunting and fishing.  COTLT  WEATHER REPORT FOR DECEMBER  Compiled  by  Mr. C. H. Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature':' Maximum, 30.   Minimum, 23.  Highest Max. (16th) 10. Lowest Min. (25th) 7  above zero.   Rainfall, 2.27. Snow21:25in.  Rainfall for the year (1916) 40.89 inches.  )L. 5���������NO. 8  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 3,  1917.  $! .00 a Year  fNITED STATES BREAKS WITH GERMANY���������COUNT BERNSTORFF TO BE HANDED PASSPORT  illiant Raid Carried  lut oh Hun Trenches  iondon, Jan. 31���������Brilliant and  dy raid on German trenches  Transley took place on Satisfy, the British were only four  lutes in crossing "no man's"  and found the Huns were at  kfast. They believed the  ;ish were also engaged in try-  [to keep warm. "The raid re-  ^ed in 6 officers and 352 men  licked regiments being cap-  3d. '*  9 ' L.  ,ird allied conference seek-  |co-6peration of all forces oi  fente nations'is in progress to-  at Petrograd. England is  ���������esenl-ed Lords Revelstoke  ���������Milner; ,France- by General  ;elnau; Italy by General Lau-  ihi and; Senator-Scialoja.  ���������igadies-generat Walter Long  eeri!killed;in action:  Plot to Poison Lloyd  George and Henderson  Derby, Eng., Feb. 1.���������A plot  to poisonjDavid Lloyd George and  Arthur Henderson was revealed  today in an arraignment at the  Guildhall when three women and  one man were charged with conspiracy to kill. Women are suffragettes and the man is a "conscientious objector to war and  war service."  British casualty list for January, 12,314 killed, 17,164 wound  ed, 2928 missing.  froMSSM^ian^ojpiBn,  Slo1oil^e*&P^:-  French Penetrate  \ German Lines  Paris, Feb. 1.���������French forces  penetrated the first and second  German lines south of.Lintre and  captured prisoners, elsewhere on  frontJ\vasqujet.  P.etrogradjFeb. 1���������Advancing  waistideep in the snowlRussians  stormed and captured at the point  oft |he" bayon effthe German:pbsi-  .IdtnS^&ie^V^&e^oi^ac-  :itish-^steamer" .���������Argo,/; 126V  |rblow;h-Up^itrr^dssi5f5nine  f. \British steamer Jevington  Norwegian steamers Donstad  I'ulton torpedoed.  luel Chapman, Unionistcan-  Ite for West Perthshire, pro-  6s Sir Robert Borden for that  (illery Active West Front  sa  It  ris,  Jan. 31.���������Artillery ac-  is m. both.sides'and grenade  iig occurred on Hill 304 and  bank of Meuse, usual cannon-  lc on remainder of front,  my aeroplane brought down  >ur artillery in region of Nan-  n ie. Artillery fighting in  |o������-3 of Dixmude, Steenstrate  'lletsas.  jveral deaths from extreme  reported in Paris.   Traffic  funded, no news from eastern  ctra Sessions to be Held  StUwa, Jan. 31.���������John Stan-  . member for Colchester, reed position as chief govern-  t .vhip, but has not been of-  ,1W accepted.    Premier Bor-  b resolution will ask extra  ions to expedite war business  rn his departure to England,  iii}? of war credit is the main  Sin������!ss,  proposed   bill to take  unlimited balances in banks.  Stmaster-generalanhounced in  S5flww������������'House tnat after February 1  |:������^������Sp:ii eels containing food stuffs  **'���������"%&!$&: clothing can be sent Cana-  'i  JsSrtB prisoners of w'ar in Germany  'i-TSfiiffiftliery of the House crowded  ^Jl^o^it'ar former minister of militia  i.; '-'^P$d- Sir Sam Hughes admits  f'^-Mff^' '-upies a difficult position,  I ^m������u^"d(ies not wish to sever friend-  tC'SSfetP v^ith Conservative friends.  i  pertu  British mine, blockade,* some even  consider it"advantageous. Holland supports the action.  9 ������������������  ���������  Hague, Feb. 1.���������The Germans  are making new trenches near  Holland's border and their troops  have arrived at various places.  Dutch feel some anxiety on account of the military preparations. Belgians are still being  deported.  ���������   Germany Threatens to  Resume Unrestricted  Submarine Warfare  Berlin, Feb. 1. ���������Germany formally [served notice on United  States and the other neutral  nations in the world today that  she had been forced to "do away  with the restrictions that had  been imposed on^her methods of  fighting on sea." After Feb. 1  Germany places the blame on  Great Britain for the continuation of the war.  San Francisco, Feb. 1.���������Fear  German raider now in Pacific,  Japanese liner Nippon Maru,  from Yoklohoma, is several days  overdue.  Britain Will Retaliate  ���������f  London, Feb. 1.���������The British  foreign office requested the United States government to inform  Germany that reprisals will follow if Germany carries out her  threat to sink hospital ships.  r  ' Briiish made a successful raid  on the Somme front, entered the  enemy trenches and captured  prisoners. Artillery active in the  neighborhood of Les Boeufs. 3  German planes brought down  yesterday and three others driven  awayjin a damaged condition.  -.Now reported officially that 260  lives^iwere lost through the sinking pf the auxiliary cruiser Lau-  rentic, many were killed by the  explosion.  out to him, but succeeded only this purpose a subscription-was  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  Rio de Janeiro, Feb. 1.���������The  Minister of Marine confirms the  report that German submarines  have crossed the South Atlantic.  The minister denies the rumor of  a German naval base in Brazilian  waters.  Would Spell Prosperity for B. C.  Vancouver, Feb. 1.���������Antipodean trade commissioner asks  Premier Brewster's assistance  with the Dominion government  in lowering tariff rates to Australia. The concession would  spell prosperity for British Columbia. Australia is able to  handle all export trade and imports would flow back. Premier  was sympatheticland agreed with  the idea. Immense new markets  would be thrown open.   Fraudulent Liquor Votes  Vancouver, Jan. 31.���������At meeting held, tonight, in the Labor  Temple, it was resolved that  mothers of sons votes be not offset-by1 fraudulent liquor votes.  More irregularities told of in the  taking of the soldier vote on Prohibition in a London cable, one  hundred [and fifty repeaters already discovered.  Calgary, Jan. 31.��������� Miners are  going back to work today.  Winnipeg, Jan. 31���������Roblin trial  postponed, former premier too  ill to attend court.  S. S. Venture arrived iiW port  at:8 p. m./on' Friday,Tast week;.  with the usual lot of "goods and  passengers, ji^^t-',   ���������,   '���������  *���������;*[  jter'a-v&^folTer parents, Mr?  and Mrs. Livelton, after an absence of several years. Her  many friend.s here will welcome  her warmly and make it as hard  for her to leave again as possible.  D. H. Hoage of Canoe Crossing, who has spent several weeks  of the fine, mild weather in the  State of Washington... came back  last week just in time to get the  benefit of zero weather. No  doubt he is sorry he returned at  this time.        F. A. Johnson, A. E. and R.  Owens, returned after a two  weeks stay at Ocean Falls.  Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Neale of  Prince Rupert, is again here  canvassing the valley and renewing acquaintances. It is Mr.  Neale's intention to hold meeting and discuss issues pertaining  to the present needs of our community. We predict that his  meetings will be well attended  as a  renewed  interest  is  now  ^manifest, in-farming.   "      ,   .'  *-%?&  ' '    ' -'" "   ..������.���������'���������  ^Private. B.' "M. -Brynildsen as  home:for-a"' yisit";before iea^inygc  *������ "t^     i,    *.*!.    *     i   ��������������������������������� v  "t**>.^i-i - Li        *       "1 J=n   "   *s- T-i.  in getting a cold bath himself.  The deceased was a promising  young man, the only son of a  widowed mother.  The Draney Fisheries at Namu  is putting in an electric plant  for the lighting up of the cannery town.  On January 24th a quiet wedding took place at Hagensborg  when Miss Annie Nordschow was  married toOlai S. Urseth. Rev.  H. Sageng officiated. As we did  not have the pleasure of attending the wedding for the very  good reason we were not invited  we take this opportunity of extending our heartiest sympathies  with the happy couple. It is surmised that as soon as the present  cold snap is over they will make  for across the border to Montana  where Mr. Urseth has a 320 acre  ranch".  May their shadows never grow  less. -   -~  >     -   ���������. . _ _" _    .  -^ Another"of our old-timers has.  taken up at Hagensborg and  and Bella Coola, which brought  in $54.65; this amount was sent  to R. Leese, London, with a request to make the purchases in  London and forward the gifts to  the soldiers enumerated on a list  accompanying the letter. This  was duly carried out by Mr.  Leese rand every soldier which  had claimed Bella Coola as their  home received boxes or letters  at Christmas.  It will be readily seen that by  engaging a friend in London to  attend to the whole transaction  a considerable saving was effected. There were sent 24 Christmas-boxes and 11 letters.  Mrs. I. Fougner, president "of  the W. C. T. U., on behalf of  that society handed us for.publi-  cation the following letter of  thanks to the people of Hagensborg and Bella Coola:  '"We wish" to thank all those  w.ho ,so "kindly- contributed to-.  . N". Sheinmaf/Trepresenting the  Acm^Importers, Ltd., of Prince  Rupert,,is in town looking up the  fur business. If the present unusual cold weather continues for  any length of time we shall need  all the furs in the country for  our protection.  Andrew Stenswick of Hagensborg, "is already off to begin getting cannery gear ready for the  Draney's Fisheries of Namu,  preliminary to the summer fishing operations.  Dominion-constable C. Tucker  returned last week from a trip  to Namu, Bella Bella and Ocean  Falls. He reports that the Indians on this part of the coast are  all busily at work, mostly logging.  He reports that Donald Mc-  Crimmon, a young man 19 years  old engaged at Namu, lost his  life by drowning on January 15th  while out skating on the lake.  Geo. Mason who was with him  when he broke through the ice,  tried to render the drowning man  assistance  by shoving a  board  ft fZ^^x i  .\NS&  'w-5**  SFr������s>3?ards Christmas-boxes- for our  ^^^KS^^^^iW^^at the^ront.  -fdrdefehders.''J'Whi: Sutherland  TiasVnliBtedrwith^'he''mo-tof-ser-  vice and has already departed  from Vancouver for the East.  c<- .  ;,lW^.ealC;thF- attention ��������� of- .all  parties,   which  includes  everybody residing in the valley, to  [the meeting of the Farmers.' In-  Miss Evelyn Grant, daughter(stitute at the Colony Hall, this  afternoon at 1:30 o'clock.  Mr. Neale, provincial horticulturist will be there and co-operation will be the subject discussed.  of Mr. and Mrs. S. Le C. Grant,  of this place, has entered the  country's service as a nurse.  She will be shortly leaving for  overseas. '  Frank Broughton as the local  representative of the provincial  government has a crew of men  engaged in repairing the wharf,  which had a number of piles dislodged by the action of the ice  in the last freeze-up.  Christmas Gifts to the Bella Coola  Boys Overseas.  The members of the local or-  ganizrtion of the W. C. T. U.  took it upon themselves'to render last Christmas a day of joy  and thankfulness to our soldier  boys of Bella Coola serving in  Europe. They decided to send  those on the'eontinentChristmas  boxes and those stationed in  England Christmas letters.    For  THE     MINISTER     OF     FINANCE  REQUESTS  THE  PEOPLE    OF.CANADA    TO  .  BEGIN  NOW  TO  SAVE    MONEY    FOR   THE  NEXT WAR LOAN  JAN.  f,   1917  DEPARTMENT OF  FINANCE  OTTAWA  Martin Christenson Attending Lectures.  Editor,  Bella Coola Courier.  When I left Bella Coola I promised to let you hear from.me. It  was then my intention to go down  to California to stay there during  the winter months. But I have  got no farther than Washington  yet. While visiting my folks  here my brother, who lives at  Parkland, near Tacoma, persuaded me to come and stay with him.  Parkland is an ideaj place for  one to spend his vacation. And  the weather has been very pleasant with no snow and hardly and  hardly any frost yet.  The Pacific Lutheran Academy  is situaced at this place. My impression of this college is the  very best and I think that people  would do well to send their boys  and girls to this school. As I  have made it a point to visit the  Academy every day since I came  down, listening to lectures and  reviewing my oldtime school-  work. I think I can speak with a  certain knowledge of the matter.  How long I will stay here at  Parkland before I go farther  South I can not say at the present time. In fact, I like this  place so well that I may not go  down to California before late in  the spring.  Martin Christenson.  (Elutrrit Notto  ������fl-^ <TiO <VT> <TO ������"������������">-<"BO-<"B������  i  Sunday School  Church Service  -    10:45 a. m.  ���������   7:30 p.m.  Rev,  Preacher:  Hans Sageng, A.  All Are Welcome.  B.  ������ %^r <* <J������J������-<*������L>������J=>-<*������L> *m><J>9  ;y.J,vJiii'  ���������������������������"������  %  '���������  ���������*$'  itRl -'vlH; I ���������%'&���������������������������'".-'  ^u lljr^tf :������$���������������������������?���������:  if  1  pi  a  ������  * !!������������������ Aft:  iiii  .piiliih  m..  %  Wi.  ..���������&���������������  'k-&: ���������-  '   ��������� ������*?:      i  II.  f*  If  ���������il  Is  la.-,  '.iia  PI I  III  pip: p  If ii-! pi  ���������I' 1IIHSII  j  1  I,3    * j4 IS  ���������M' f 'c  'it     i     \\  1 ������i\   '  fj  1������  11'      (  #���������     *  Ki  i ^  i  ���������a t !-v  .'���������.- ���������������������������������**  1   ' \  >hU '���������:  >>'  i   ti;f.  '!,  't  I  ! lj*r:KS':|^  !'.,  BELLS COOLA COURIER  Saturday,  Febnji  a*y I is,-  flay;ise;paesent.gsrefspesss&t'���������,**-^  '-��������� "   '/    ' '      .-===������������������-���������;~   '"'vr^a g^ir^'^v^" .sot tsoaersie.-  EATS DI  3  Moea&EC'.  : 1 ��������� Year-!  ������aBu '     . ."i" ' :���������"���������." '���������'������������������'"���������"V'-���������' ti..'. '  sr,   -    '...-���������.���������.   ^^���������'i- ;    : ���������   ������������������'���������������������������' ���������'���������?������������*  pgj^,. ia asnsaea-;  . 4Swi3snew5paper,TheZuneh:j  ivolksrechi, says that the ^docu-j  r^BtvoieesthesUt^ofopmionj  iverv widely in Bavaria and aH  j^. everywhere  in   ^tnernj  y  imidflle^bs.;-.circles and among.j  tfeeiower orders,. ��������� ���������;'.:, .    ���������}  .   This being 'a lair sample of--Ue|  ^te':pi- affairs' throughout Aej  l^d^t^.BOl^arprising that  oeace proposals are  applauded  SBd supported in all German cir-|  des' both in United States :and.|  Europe.  ������������������������ ��������� ������:?��������� =' .9  ���������; ���������!������������������".::  a .tliOT\inl^r'lsa^-;jioi3gaia������������'. of, iise;;  :,Sar~.;���������.������������������������������������     .,���������������������������.���������'���������:���������;... . ... ������������������,������.: ._.-.^._������._i_ .- ^,������.���������:_- ^^n^tw,^ isnftwtMK -sscnac^.' " -.KMsmgs  I War Savings Certificates.  If is hard for jus living; as we  do in this secluded   and quiet  sheltered spot to realize what  this war really   means   to the  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd  VANCOUVER, B.C  Who  ;;pRY;::..<idpi^  OF ^PRIBE OF THE WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,  OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  [..  "MADE  ;l������i    B. C."  <:S^j<x:.Cm*aUwi*:.-'.-k .'j'^???^^ -^*tention Givtn Letter Order������  r ^  THE BRITISH COUWBiil^ want  8(1493 SEVEKTH AYE W., TAMCpfER, B. C, them in  the Province rathe sale of their well-known ha  for spring (1917) delivery.   The work is pleasa  tive    Honest energetic men only are needed.  ti  4  :���������  ' is  -    ���������'������������������ *'i������--# .'���������anth want a^^ good man on the G. 1, r. Kaiiway  people who jre ;in contacx wnu j       p]apters should write at once for our,80 pa^:  it, and that millions of mir ^m-| ���������  '���������'���������" :   -r'"    ���������':'"'':'" ������������������'-���������'-i^-Zri. W':;--'-������*������r!'-:,-;'.laaiiaoriEies-';  ������aHu������������������������-- ���������������-* Se::.^i;������^s|^leof si^ctoffi^^pSecaation, ^ps incident to  its ravages  :|o^h po^^edinMsinacb, Soath  ;*Prodoce ^re 1917^ ^rHosu^rtin BttrreUr Domi  ir.:-  ff Pi!  ;&������������������������: :-:&S-  't'������l������������fL'  ;"it^o^'l^e^B^it3^  ^efoig^ '""  '  ^������n^^ite.������ntat������������^^  ���������^idatioB^of^laws.^  INootlierlHisine^^cmM^  ^ated^'anFleng^oftoewni^^  ^s^^T0^,^n^^:P^.M  "���������'Gerniasy-^cries-^WewiS Sgbt  ,(ifl; zhe\ }2st:-;:in2ii.::; an^wlien. 'no  niore ;men>are: left- we, wlil enroll  .women; ;\{^t" the;:;P������pple'; tbein-  selves ;:are|:;con������ince<l-:;.tbat .no  n^oeaireof^lfesott  .HMHseat ;i������y m^^B2^||Pyv'^r-  i^,|.::tl|:aa^:?^^tfi-tlie;i^  "E are ext������idipg oor *Jrt^r *xi*r.;ii;:-c  it wirsdes Its eriiii  . - ':.T *-'.,'���������,,������������������:.���������:'���������:.'/���������'.    .".'   '-Vs* ' ,"'','":J_,^.-_,1.   -."-.^-r.''  more  irsSc^!^^^ ;^a^ifrom  .. :^^e:ioB53^^^itlie:pe^e;;a������. =   J������ was fiu*i&hZ/-ths.t -Briti^i;. ���������-.��������� - -. ������������������ ���������������������������   ������������������    :^ ���������^-���������������������������-  ���������--��������� ; :���������������������������-���������-----������������������ --���������  ���������--   - - -- - --      .������������������  apoearance; of the  ^���������..r^.^..^:_..;_^j.(:v.^..,^*t������;.;;.-^J&  it:wl^jb^oml: "  Th:is: ^war; -has.-:-not cau^ any  of ��������� cs: m:this^a^;  to suffer either I:rom hun^<>r  cold on account of the war; for  which blessings we "ought .to  show .o^..a^.i^^tSon^d;gi^tir  oar worldly^stores to^ aid crar land  in its fight forit&e pbjects whieh  The Do^inib^ ^epmra  ibstTiow^sending; oot an appeal  'tp^ep^opleto save up'fromtKeir  ���������^armngs ;^d|incomes ;asj:.;miicb  1917^ It Is the desire of the Canada- ���������-  ., ,j;pe^e;-iano<ibw;a������:mdcb:������s possible dun;  >'a^^we-������i������^arTauM3B������'.wi^ the.,Ieadic.g dca^r  Gohunbta  suxi  Afiberta  to carry  a corop!.:  STAKDARD FIELD SEEDS.    These sat- .  possible to secure in the World's Markets.  Spited *nd carefully selected for pamy.  Seeds should be parcfaased early tij.ncr-  the Season prozreases.   In sil probability ti'  and it mH be difBcolt later in the year to n.  -        Order ROYAL STANDARD Held Seed* N  cannot sopply yoa write os aod we will slnv :  kTt Govt  t iji  WRTTE TODAY FOR FULL INFORMATION AND PRICE LIS:  utiGOUver Milling & Grain Co. L  VANCOUVER, B. C.  savings certif^a''.-; i:=vcorn������poplar th rou ^ h o u t \ r. e land, id k  it be known that Bella Coolii  this instance ha? clone her & k  ���������-��������������������������� *���������  I  CoianiMa m rolSng up a majori-|  ��������� ty of 'iearl j'six ttioosand against f.  the contiBaation of tbe traSc io.j  the l2Si eleeuon would have set-|  tied, its fate "for all time;: bat  saeh does sot seem -tp'be assured |  yet."'  '���������'��������� The taking of 'the soldier Tote  iB-EsglaBdaiid' FraB.ee gaTe-tfee  ��������� traSc: a last opportimitj in tse  'coBtest:tp foBow' its useai.'.prac-  "tfee j������f'���������;defyiBg tlse will - of: mel-  peo^e'.. by eorrsptiiig.. tlse' bail<5t | ���������  . bez;' which"' is tlse T:eij,f���������H223^x|  '' tSoo. of'a setl-goTersiBg bsossgl |  .-.Details..of the Totisg^taMsgj.  place dcrisg" tbe moistb ������f Ds-|  How Stall We Honor Onr  resalts. |  Tne-Aeir aatboriziBg tlse elee-1  tion field overseas, .��������� provides ��������� tBSt.|  scratmeers s'ptould he presest st|  tbe polls.    Tai5 provision b2sj  been ignored in maay isstasess, i  in camps, hospitals  and other j  places which, daring the aatoisB, i  -were thoroughly canvassed in ac- j  corda&ee with the Act and osly j  some hundreds of  votes werej  cast, in the month of December I  the same eamps were again canvassed,  bat this time without  any supervision or scrutinizing  with the result that tfeoasands of)  votes were gathered.    We give^  just one il lustration to show hoix \  thi3 latter method worked oot.  At the Epsom Convalescent j  Hospital, accommodating 27fJ0  Canadians, there were properly  polled in.September. 75 votes; in  November, 89 votes, both scrutinized by proper officials, but in  December, at the same hospital  by unsenstinized officials, there  ���������were polled 1104 votes.  The Order-in-Council   passed  How' sfeaH' we Boeot 'onr Bead? -  That isoble,. manly. ti2ron.g.... -',  ���������WI^'Jieaid-ti^r;,Goaijtary's'csll,- ���������.���������'���������.��������� -   ��������� lf \  Who died that'Bight isfght.eocquer Wrong;  ���������How ^all we honor ihem aS?; ... "      ���������    *  ' How shsll we hsmor. o&x Dead? . - ;-  .Ds2y .before"o^r sght. ���������    ���������  ThisSTTaggswstSob-rolls, ;;'.__ .  .'.^.:-, ���������'  ���������;Asd -eo-soes to restfr���������S'%venlng.S3gEt   ;  "WitSis onr very sosls... ."..I."...-  How ssai! ive hoE!>r oer Bead?.     " "���������"..���������--���������  This is iedesd a part ���������  Of ,*3!srrwans-Mood wlach flms,;  Asd even 'bisds ss hesrx. to heart  Wits' oar' most -hatsd foes. ;���������  How shall we hocor our-Bead?'  ���������Test^n, and Franc, aod Celt. ���������  This banrhsg: impulse have,  ' Its'sacred theme acd call-are felt  By L������.tis, Tsri, and .Slav.  How shall we ho-noT ocr Dead?  -  Britai? as answer hpnts;  H*=T'Colonies t-eyoad;  The soath, the West and Eastern fronts;  It's sought in'Trebizond.  How shall we honor our Bead?  Sweet Sowers take their pan.  Arid crosses by the way  Are some reward to the aching heart;  None to the moulding clay.  How shall we honor oor Dead? '  Statses of .bronze and stone  For heroes of the war;  These iribsies never reach the zone  Where these brave Spirits are.  How shaii we honor our Bead?  Each h-Jmare voice is damb.  This the reality,  Thit answer tree can never come  Through horaa'n ageney-  How shall we honor our Dead?  Just in the light of God,  Of His son. and the Ho^iy Ghost;    y  ���������   Just treading the path their Saviour trod  Honors our Dead the moei.  Oh! help us then dear Lord,  Who for the world hath bled;  By act in truth, and in very word  Thus to honor our Dezd.  ���������S. Le C. Gp-ant.  are manypersohs here^fio have  money to in vest and who could  without any sacrifice whatever  loan hundreds and in some eases  thousands of dollars to the government to enable it to carry on  the war to a successful issue.  This may he the only way that  they can serv^ their country,  therefore, they should eagerly  grasp this opportunity to show  their love and loyalty to our  country.  It is a perfectly safe in vestment.  The immense resources of our  country have hardly been touched  as yet in the way of development  aisd inder the efficient manage-{of the com mo:  ment of an enlightened people  will mMe years to come be one  of tlie richest countries in the  -worloU'-fe. '--      ;  r^naneiers and capitalists who  maWe iiivestment of large sums  a study are investing millions in  these war bonds and that fact  alone should be sufficient guar-i  antee to any intelligent man of icaptains and s  the soundness of the investment jthe authoni  n  :iouo in n *  m  Over Stocked.  At the outbreak of :hera������  number of m<  service becarr  Therefore, let tin's aid in the jthe main qu:  formofinvestmentofthesavings'and the hijfbvr :������������������.���������.- rar.kitea  in iheoversaE  ,.ior;tl?.Esiffij  like. Pi:!l^|  :l    (Jtt������'������������USU  ai;cr n<pm  i-  t'w������s  ������������������and besides all that  GREAT   WEST  TEA  cost's you no more than other lea^  not so good.  LEESON^DICKB^      & CO, LhL j|  Wholesale Grocers  8  kLmitim^m "ittm������,  S. M. NEWTON  The Prince Rupert Empire  man, who h a candidate for the  House of Commons for this Riding.  The object of this space i- to  introduce to you the man who al-  v/iVs  fights   for the   rights   and  prosperity of the masses, irrespective of o-olitics.  STEAMSHIP  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSES'.-.:  BETWEEN  ? '-  .-KliVI'-E i "  BELLA COOLA and VANCOU  S. S.  "CamOSUIl,,   Leave*  Tuesday at 9 p. m. (Victoria day P<^>  Vancouver ever)' [������  tin  ������W  Ken;  em,  Leaves Bella Coola Fridays p  m.  S. S.   "COQUITLAM"   sails   from   \  nightly, carrying Gasoline  and   Expl^  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  uu^1, mi  For rates of Freights, Fares and other i:������������������  Head Office, Carrau, St., Vanxouveu ; ������t  agent,  1003 Government St., Victoria.  \U\W  ���������r.i'B.  *m  HOC  Advertise your Wants in the  ���������"-IS'  "���������XL'.  .'   V.TJ ^Saturday, February 3,   1917  BELLA, COOLA COURIER  NGS  ND  :naw  r Ord  tit  10 r,-m\\  ���������'< remnntn.  ' partkularT  '. aiopue.  ���������-��������������������������� -f r.-.ti,  r'.Tre.-i that is  --���������ut'hc-Lt Brni  *  '-, KOTil  ���������'���������t :.'.o,c������Ui  *'* ('rv-.rr-as  vh'l!v idravjj  ->:tt "A'iiiUt-j.  tlCEUST  Co. Ltd  :eoue in tg  ~ i/ccorrtp^j  e laniards  Bella Com  done her &  ocked.  er  r lea*  .-Kl^i'jl  if  UVER j]  ���������er every  previous.) j|  ���������B9BN0B  |HOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE FUNDS REQUIRING  INVESTMENT MAY PURCHASE  AT PAR  DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK  IN   SUMS  OF  $500  OR  ANY  MULTIPLE THEREOF.  Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.  Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at  any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of  purchase.  Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,  as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue  in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.  Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.  A commission of one-quarter of one percent will be allowed to recognized bond and  stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which bear their  stamp. .  For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.  DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA.  OCTOBER 7th, 1916.  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  pOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  *-' Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Tkrkitory, the Nokth-west Teem-  torieh and in a portion of the Province of  Bkitish Columbia, may bo leaaed for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease muat be made by the  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee; of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working 6t the mine.  at tho rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application Bhould be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.��������� Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30690.  TheMasort Qf'Risch Piano  of to-day ivill maf\e plain our  privilege to state voith authority:  "NO FINER   PIANO MADEl"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  i  I  &    Let us attend  your Victor Record  jl  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C  v^.f"?.".?^ ^^~���������rE-iir sM L--S=���������s=k===.~���������lj ifo if.ii ������������������������  ^���������?'-.-~?~-������* ?A* E  BUSINESS CARDS  30E  er could   be given the higher  [was  the pay demanded, money  eing. no object as it was easily  [obtained by war loans or other-  Iswise.   The press from time to  ime has  pointed out that the  ashionable clubs in some cities  n England were, infested with  hese Canadian officers who are  [superfluous and wholly unfit for  he services that they were ap-  ointed to, but in spite of that  rawing big pay from the tax-  ayers of Canada.  A despatch from London says  .hatinthe Shorncliffe area alone  here were 238 colonels and maj-  rs some months ago, and the  )tal since has greatly increased,  he breaking up of battallions to  SwhicH these'officersbelonged and  malgamation with other units  ay have had something to do  ith their number being so large,  ut it is mainly due to the absurd  ystem of giving high military  ank to civilians without military  novvledge or qualifications. The  espatch further states that the  roblem of eventually deciding  ,he fate of returning officers is  hus transferred to the military  ^establishment in Canada, where  t is anticipated they will either  [engage in  recruiting or again  tenter civil  life.    A number of  pieniors   express   bitter   resent-  ent, declaring they will neither  evert to lower rank nor return,  ut intend remaining here until  he authorities find them suitable  [employment.      These   supernu-  eraries are a problem.    Some  iare wholly unfitted for command  wing to lack of knowledge of  ilitary organization.   We would  ave cleared them months ago,  butknew Sir Sam Hughes would  return them with higher rank.  Now that he has gone they must  go, declared one in authority.  The News-Advertiser of Vancouver has this to say on the  subject: "The question, of dealing with superfluous colonels and  majors in the Canadian expedi-  ditionary force may not be so  easy as it looks. But the war is  not made for staff officers, and if  there is no work for them, or if  they are not qualified for work  at the front, it is not just that  they should remain an encumbrance or a charge on the  country.''  And now Geo. Perley, the Dominion High Commissioner in  England, insists that all these  superfluous officers return to  Canada and be relegated to private life, when they may be able  to serve their country by developing its resources.  o     o     o     o     o  Speculators Jiad Their Day.  It is pretty safe to say that-  Mackenzie and Mann and other  men of their grasping disposition  will find the new minister of  railways, Hon. John Oliver, less  plastic character to deal with  than the former railway minister, the easy-going and compliant  Thomas Taylor.  There have already been a few  clashes between the new minister and several railway officials,  needless to say that the astute  John carried his point in every  instance.  It will be found that with the  new government in power the  specelator will have no better  chance than an ordinary citizen.  Live Stock.  It has been said and truly that  the produce of the farms should  not be hauled to the market, but  driven. That means that the  farmer should keep live stock  for the consumption of his crops.  In that way will he combine  the business of production and  manufacturing and reap two  profits.  At the present high prices of  meat, butter and eggs, it should  be the aim of the farmers of  Bella Coola to get posted on  everything necessary to be learned regarding the rearing of live  stock, as there is no question but  what there is money to be made  in it if properly conducted. We  produce from 'Seasonable Hints'  a few notes on live stock; but  while we do so in order to draw  the attention of the farmers to  this live issue, we would urge  that they read up the pamphlets  issued by .the government oh the  different subjects pertaining to  live stock, etc., and act on the  information received.  "Direct   marketing of all  or  most of the raw products from  the farm is a mistake.    It demoralizes the farmer, exhausts  the farm and impoverishes the  commonwealth.    Every farmer  should  aim to convert at least  one-half, or better still two thirds  ^r even more of his crop into  I concentrated or finished form be-  ifore selling.      The  advantages  are many:   to mention  two or  three, greater net cash returns  possible and probable, increased  soil fertility certain, and, best of  all, work for the hired man the  whole year round, thus progress-  continued oh page 4, column 2.)  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always. -  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  no]  o  Dealers and Trappers  GET THE  HIGHEST  PRICE FOR YOUR  Q>\  at the  <S  P; O. Box  863  157 McDougall  Ave.,  EDMONTON, Alta.  We pay all express and  mail charges.  "ftAlways Pleases'  HARRY HANSON "TPHLEURMEBL^LE  of Princo Rupert  inventor of the Harry Hanson  Special Water Heater  (Patented In Canada)  will make a trip to Bella Coola  to introduce his patented rapid  heating water coil, also to do  whatever plumbing or water pipe  work there may be a call for.  If you have a pump and a good  well you do not need any city  water works to have all the conveniences of modern home comforts. Harry Hanson can .improvise a system with ordinary  whisky barrells and one hour's  pumping each day. He has several of these systems installed as  far north as Smithers and Terrace. Send him an ordinary floor  plan of your home and what you  want, also the location of pump.  State if you want hot and cold  water or cold water only. Will be  pleased to estimate on your work.  Harry HansonThPe.uRmbe?'e  P. O. Box 395  139 2nd Ave., Prince Rupert, B.C.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   OP   COAST���������BAKGE   III.  Take Notice that 1,. Thomas J.  Whiteside, of Vancouver. B. C. occupation builder, intend to apply for  permission to purchase the following  described land:  Commencing-at a post situated on the  north shore of Jackson Passage, about  one-half (1-2) mile within the entrance  and near a small stream, thence North  20 chains, thence West20 chains, thence  South 20 chains, to the shore, thence  following the shore line to the point of  commencement, containing 40 acres,  more or less.  THOMAS J. WHITESIDE,  Dated, November 30, 1916.  Jan. 6--March  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   Or   COAST���������RANGE   III.  Take Notice that I, Mark Smaby, of  Ocean Falls, B. C, occupation timber  cruiser, intend to apply for permission  to purchase the following described  lands:  Commencing at a post planted at the  southwest corner or Pulp Lease 205;  thence North 20 chains; thence East 20  chains; thence North 20 chains; thence  East 20 chains; thence South 20 chains;  thence East 40 chains; thence South 20  chains; thence East 20 chains; thence  South 7 chains more or less to high  water mark of Cousin's Inlet; thence  following along said high water mark  in a westerly direction to a point due  east of this post; thence West 12 chains  more or less to this post, containing  140 acres more or less.  (Signed) MARK SMABY.  Date, December 26, 1916.  Jnn. 27--Mur. 24.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  _   < ���������  \^7"HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  VJ&7HAT person so independent?  \X/HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of   the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola   farmers are  independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  '���������&>'  ���������������������������-.''���������?  *-r  ,** V''���������'  i-\  .Jr I*J%J1  ^j't'i''  ~~ .- \-  ������V-:  ���������\vl-  v.  &"***-'  ���������V*'  ���������"v-f.  CvnTJ^  gr*~-:~p-.-  '<ft  '���������**������;  "'*���������": ' V!  --'-i ���������.^v  -;���������    v".-  4,*,,tf*  '��������� :.Z  .:&*.:  ^M  ;rc������  \CC  View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  '"THE REASONS  for this  enviable  condi-  ���������*���������   tion of affairs   are   obvious  to  anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley,  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  B  ELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   ���������'!>.'���������  :a ''>  ;   ���������'-:'i  *  ��������� ���������   .'1*  :'fi  Name.  P. 0.  Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription unclosed 'WS  mr  m::m  m  TtSVViff;  |.;W  w  h :'������!i  II  Iilliii  !!?#'���������  mi  II  1  1:1  iiill'll  llipp  .mAtr.m  il i\, >  !  (fit  tin  n  ft  1    ������l'uf<    -  I    7  %-4  f i U"  p.  ������r  I  < I  I  I  f  if  V;W  V    '       '      -  ', J  ,  I  ,  ���������'v-l:-;  BELLA XOOLA  COURIER  Saturday,  Fdruc  >y l /w  QHEDO  YEAR  ne&sfiaper^  tweeii Vancoiiver and  f?rinCeRupert  5JX  EHsCS.  r"- The ';4r������s^3Bgti't. **Trs������ pofc^  ������ Sa-sMo of tlie British fleet in the JutIaii|Dayal^aU^.  ff^Iiwill he to your in-  :������0niMs, regarding ' the  Aapp&zgs throughout  W^0bfthem section of  this if rovinee���������  SSffScS "COURIER"  SSSSStVES 4 THEM.  ~T^     ., ^s^   -   vs^i, rtr of dollars annually lay milking  iab6r.Bn>b2e3a."--, All or. which, oi <0i... ������**    ���������.,.      .,..-,.. rrTw,^.Mlir-  * ,   .~ v^* t ?,��������� s ooor costs and reanngpoor calve*  coarse, leads op so what-I have,- *?*������;, ,   ,.. .���������..-.   ..,.   ���������   . ?������_ . ,.,,. ���������  ���������   . i     ^    frftm them, bv wortniess Duiii.  ^2������^sted several tiroes already, irc>rn. ^^v u-.. ���������_.-,   -w:  .-;:���������.���������.  > *^.-----   ���������������������������.��������� .tr-u- i-;'--v-;T *^- > j-^i-the'' cost. of.'rearing: and-main-  sB''.-ihis--paWscaasm������:.ine aana-j..*"^-    '��������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ���������������������������'^.->--.'---i.t" ������������������������������������ ������*���������  ���������"���������..*"     J .      :       ,.    Quinine is'the"same for the prafit-  -    /-    J -m������������ ~o- ^r leasL-if making cow ard the cow losing  -   ���������    -       ��������� J frons S10 to $30 oer year."  not already practically vawresr, '���������m ^lu'     -     -   ted.    With a plentiful sapT>ly of J. ;      - ~  forage in r>e eouatrj- do belter j More prodactlGti is wanted in  dme conld be chosen for making -British Columbia, and to have  the little start Do it dghi.now. j these we must have more ..pro-  Do not make the mistake of try- jdueers, and let everyone of them  rag- to handle too many: ioo masy j endeavor from now on to produce  "s almost as bid as uone at all. more from the same area. Better crops and more of them is  what is wanted.  liiitTis  IJovjSJSie time to -keep  SyoarlinWe^ before -the.  | pl^jJicSl No manufactor-  3:pl|^|w^Iesaleliouse can  ffr^loSlo leLslip the op-  porlMdty   of    increased  sales that public adlver-  tising^ Imrigs.  j  **Feeds.���������Variefy is one of the  threat secreisoi feeding. ~ Waste  no good straw; it is more valn-  gble than   low-grade  hay   and  shoald be  fed   either cot and  mixed with other rooghages or  fed long once daily.   In the absence   of   saSieLent   succulent  ration such as ensilage or roots,  a good substitute sneh as molas-  | ses, beet pulp or an extra supply  I of grain must be; provided.   The  I stock must be kept^thrifty, else  khey are not extracting the mostj  jvaiaefrom the "feeds^consamed. \  I Mill feeds should have been pur- J  {chased.,  co-operatively," in  mid-j  'summer when prices were low. f  I Remember the grade of feed is  I in every way the cheapest, costing less per pound Of protein and  --     ���������%��������� ���������"������������������..���������    1 usuallv being more digestible.    \  f^EAi^ESTATB bbtein the,��������� -. ,.    ^ Q^^_ .^^es]  cities have come and gone, \ -       _.....-.-:.. .��������� ,.;  People are beginning to Sock to!of good breeding, well reared to;  the country. - The North-F^t j the Srst calving, are by far the;  Coast of British Columbia offersjuiost proSiable animals.   Vary-  opportunities for all    Did not j jQg ^j^   ^ne  feeds  available, j  know, is no excuse. IlJvestors}priee3 cf feeds and redlviduality|  should keep posted on develop-\-- .. ^ :_^. ,4.- ^ t ,^.J-  ments bv reading the   Courier.   1     ^ .   ..    ^  a_,  . ;::..;* ,.....-' .': I860.to ������75 to raise a iseiierto erst .  ''   __   ���������-���������������������������-'���������'"-":: _'--������������������"������������������ -���������- :      '-������������������'"   ���������l^~r~-{oQ+~:vv���������^*^ age.) 4  ���������     I.   IV   *     Ll .'jj-Other things being equal,  the  ft 10 b & rmosff \ p������o5r���������r tbe b3]i ^3ed the De������rer:  *^-- ^   :jthe dairy farmer is to.bankrupt-!  ^ cv, and the better the bull the  "      ��������� ��������� ���������     1 -  nearer to prosperity.    The best j  available pure-bred bull is the)  CTih' aniaal which may be pront-j:  sed.    He will pay for him \  This is a capital time to plan  the work forjthe coming season,  no matter ii| what part of the  provinceybuJive.   Whether the  ground happens to be large or  small there is nothing like a plan  which will show what the crops j  were doing the past season and j  this will enable: you to change j  the crops about for the next so 1  that they will not occupy thej  same plots.   You will want to  draw up a list of seeds and roots  which 5Tou intend to buy and decide on what manure you will  require.  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  G 0 If e fa I Me r c h a n d i s e  Dry Goods and Notions  St^ Fancy  Keep up a lively interest in  the Farmers1 Institute.  MAKE YOUR DOLLARS  FIGHT  AT.THE   FRONT.  ";   :-~,B-UY -.  '���������' -  D0MIK10M OF CAHftDA  THREE-YEAR  War Savimss Certificates  $ 25.00   f^or   $21.60  OO.OO      " 43.00  100.00      " S6.00  IKDIVIDUAL PURCHASES LIMITED TO *t������3.  FOR FULL PARTICULARS APPLY AT ANY BANK  OR ANY MONEY ORDER POST OFFICE c  _EAN.'9, T������I7  Finanoe   Department  Ottawa  You axe judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let tis do your job printing.  We will do it right.  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER  ))  sMv  DUILD  UP  YOUR  HOME;  TOWN.     Do not talk���������sup- \  port home industries ��������� tals  is  cheap.    The best way to show  that you  are in   earnest  is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier"' and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  The Courier  $l a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  'T'HE two principal reasons  ���������*���������   why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock'" Rams, Bacor,,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BACON  HAMS  LARD  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep yoor money ai benae.  IH  30E  Royal Household Flour  al^vays gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  From  ALL GOOD GROCERS  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packer* a&d  Prcvijictvers  Calgary     Yococter     Edssstfta  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP, HEATING AND  COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  thing, Shirts and Underwear  V1U   "  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes    6    d  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  Setders, Prospe<ftors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the most suitable articles are kept at prices thai  invite competition.  Paints -  Oik - Varnishes -  Stains  Crockery and dataware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Beat brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of ail sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods-Lowest Prices- Largest Stoc*  RAW FURS ABOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C  *:;';?  R1l'(]  til  Hlarc<  kligl  ^^e'  Ketl-  f-j'^^a  ^'^fa^  ^gov  f$m  ^Ise l  K^iffi  km  Bapp  k*&M  WSs>a  i-Jijg^E  Wi  H  iw  ! .

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