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Bella Coola Courier Feb 6, 1915

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 J*  w  :XV  yV'  "^  v'  W  Jrk  M^wib  J   T  rf  V  7  "'������,'  V I  ������*  r.  i  j *t  r ������  V  V,"  JF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  SVTKIT BELLA COOLA. EXCELLENT HUNTING AND  FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR JANUARY,  Compiled   by  Mr. C.  H.  Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature : Maximum, 3fi.    Minimum 26.  .Rainfall, 1.63 inches.   Snow, 1.50 inches.  VOEf3-NO. 17  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 6,  1915.  $1.00 a Year  er to Command  rmy  jTurks Attempt  to Gross Canal  : British Capture-Bridge Material  &  iGaifp, via London, Feb. 4.���������  Official communication: "During  ' ;Tuesdky night Turkish troops  -made;an attempt;to,cross the  SuezVbanal near Toussoum, 30  rniles%)rth of Suez: They were  permitted to bring the bridging  material to the bank of the canal  unmolested, but directly they  commenced    to   construct   the  1 bVidge, they were vigorously attacked by the British and fled  Jn-clisorder, leaving all the bridg-  " Inglaaterial behind them. Sev-  eraVpf the enemy were drowned.  ��������� The-enemy also delivered an at-  ������t&ckfon the Elkantara front, 40  ,v milesT south of Port Said, at day-  ligh'tyesterday. They were easily* repulsed, losing sixteen killed  , and-wounded and forty prisoners.  TYe British casualties were three  -men wounded.  ^British  forces  were  also en-  gaged  in  a skirmish  with  the  " Turks yesterday in the neighborhood of Ismaalia on Lake Temiah  on1*the Suez Canal, the Turks being put to flight. Here the British troops had six men wounded.  This, engagement was fought  during a sand stoi-m which made  difficult accurate shooting.     ,  3.W >*i  Greece to Aid Serbia  ' Paris, Feb. 4.���������A despatch to  the Balkan agency from Athens  says: ' 'Greece with all her forces  will come to the aid of Serbia in  every fresh invasion" of Serbia  by the Austro-German armies.  The greatest activity prevails  now in military quarters."  London, Feb. 4.���������A wireless  despatch from Berlin says that  the Berlinger Tageblatt reports  a message from Constantinople  stating that Greece is industriously pushing forward preparations for the mobilization of her  troops and fortifyingher frontier.  German Cruiser Sunk  Buenos Ay res, Feb. 4.���������The  leading newspapers publish the  official announcement that a  German auxilliary cruiser, formerly of the Woermann Line, was  sunk on January 7 off the coast  of Patagonia by the British cruiser Australia. The crew was  taken to the Auckland Islands.  Three Coasters Sunk  London, Feb. 4���������The toll taken  by the German submarine U-21  in its raid in the Irish Sea in the  vicinity of Liverpool stands at  three, ships���������the steamers Ben  Cruachen, Linda Blanche andv  the Kilcban, the latter a small  vessel. The crew of the Kilcoan  was landed on the Isle of Man  by a coastwise steamer.  War May Bring  Newfoundland  Into Canada  ���������St. John, N. B., Feb. 4,���������In an  adress before the Canadian Club  luncheon in St. John, N. W.  Rowell, K.C, leader of the Ontario opposition, suggested that  one of the results of the strengthening of the Imperial sentiment  through the war, might be the  union of Newfoundland with  Canada.  He said: "I venture the hope  that after the war, Newfoundland, the only British colony outside of Confederation, will see  more clearly than ever the advantages of union with Canada,  and, that if they do approach the  Dominion with this in view, that  our parliamentary leaders will  have the wisdom and patriotism  to offer the ancient colony generous terms."  Mr. Rowell also expressed the  hope that nothing would be permitted to interfere with the  meeting of the Imperial Conference this summer.  Had to Call Troops  Rome, Feb. 4. ��������� Troops with  fixed bayonets had to be called  out to re-establish order at a  meeting which had been organized by senators, members of the  Chamber of Deputies and other  .prominent persons with the pur-  .pose of forwarding'a- movement  jn favor of Italy maintaining  neutrality in the war. A large  number of persons, mostly Republicans, who are against the  ( maintenance of neutrality, gathered at the entrance to the hall  and attacked the neutralists.  German Batteries Silenced  and Aviators Captured  Enemy's Trenches Destroyed by Artillery  Paris, Feb. 4. There is nothing of particular importance to report except that in Champagne district three German attacks, to  the west of Perthes, north of Mesnil-les-Hurlus, and north of  Massiges, were all repulsed. In the ������Argonne region a fresh attack on Bagatelle was repulsed by our troops during nights of  February 2 and 3.  Paris. Feb. 5.���������Official.���������Several artillery engagements have occurred in Belgium and to the north of Arras, west of the road between Lille and Arras. Allied forces have captured from two to  three hundred metres of the, enemy's trenches north of Albert.  By the very effective fire of our artillery in the valley of the  Aisne several German batteries were silenced, whole trenches  were destroyed, the men engaged in construction work were dispersed and the enemy's aeroplanes put to flight. In front of Verdun a German aeroplane was brought to earth and, two aviators  taken prisoners. Heavy snow falls are reported in the Vosges.  There has been steady trench fighting with hand grenades near  Altkirke. There is nothing to report from other positions of  our front.  compelled to keep constant watch j  to   prevent    damage    in    bad;  weather.  The work of constructing   the   boat-house    has   been  Ice Hockey.  The   Hagensborg   ice-hockey  team succeeded in turning the  i tables on  their old rivals from  placed in the, capable hands of jBella Coola in the third meeting  Capt. Thorsen.  For Sale  as a going concern the premises known as the Grand View  Hotel, [Bella Coola.  For particulars apply to���������  ���������<P. O. Box 90.  Bella Coola. B. C  Enemy Evacuate Tarnow  Amsterdam, Feb. 5.-���������The Aus-  tro-Hungarian war press bureau  issues the following: "Artillery  and infantry fighting continues  along the Nida river. We have  evacuated Tarnow, Galicia, following a bombardment with  heavy mortars by the Russians.  A decisive battle is being fought  in the region of Dukla, where  the Russians are pressing strongly. Deep snow greatly interferes  with the operations in the-Car-  pathians.  ' An official despatch from Vienna dated January 30 says: "The  attempt by the Russian Galician  army to outflank Archduke Ferdinand's army near Nowa Sayre  and to take up the attack on Cracow, has lead to a counter offensive movement against Tarnow  by the Archduke."  Tarnow is a town of 40,000 in-  British Loss Light at Suez  London, Feb. 5.���������The Turkish  forces engaged in the attack on  the Suez Canal, numbering  twelve thousand, were repulsed  with heavy losses. The British  troopship Hardinge was struck  by two shells which wounded  two men. The British casualties  total fifteen killed and ninety-  two wounded for the whole engagement.  Kitchener to Command  New York, Feb. 5.���������British  military officers say that Lord  Kitchener will go to the front in  command of the British infantry  when the general advance by  "Kitchener's army" is commenced. General French, it is said,  will command the cavalry.  habitants and lies 135 miles west  of Lemberg.  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  Extend Track on P. G. E.  Vancouver, Feb. 4.���������Steel is  being rapidly extended northwards on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. The track has now  been laid to within fifteen miles  this side of Lillooetand will likely reach that point by February  15. It is stated that the operating department were making arrangements for running a mixed  freight and passenger service  daily to Lillooet as soon as the  tracks have been completed.  Trains are now being operated to  the West End of Anderson Lake,  87 miles from Squamish. Lillooet  is 120 miles from the Howe Sound  terminal and approximately one-  quarter of the distance to Fort  George.  The S. S. Chelohsin arrived in I Mr. Roy Mosley of Hazelton,  port on Wedneday noon bringing; also left by Wednesday's steamer  a number of passengers among I after looking over the valley with  whom were Messrs. Karl Brink, ia view to making an investment.  Wm. Hill and B. W. Fleming.      j  Mr. Fleming is one of the best j Many of our readers will learn  known travellers on the coast, j with regret that Rev. Hans Sag-  being formerly in the service of ;eng, pastor of the Augsborg  the Union Steamship Co. as pur-j Lutheran Church at Hagensborg, |  ser on several of their steamers . has tendered his resignation and !  plying in northern waters, and ! intends to leave the valley about  latterly representing the Mooney ; May 1st.  Biscuit and Candy Co. Ltd. The ��������� Rev. Sageng, during his incum-  Leeson Dickie Gross Co. have , bency which extends over a num-  had no* traveller in this section 'berof years, has won the esteem  before and it shows the progres- j 0f the whole community by whom  siveness of this firm to go after1 his departure will be keenly felt  the trade now. ! as a serious loss to the district.  The.;;ou^going passengers in-1  eludedit.'road-superintendent R. t A commodious boat-house for  O. Jennings; Mr. Gower, inspec-i the accommodation of the Indian  tor of schools; A. H. Tomlinson, j department cruiser Charles Todd  provincial horticulturist; and Mr.! is to be constructed towards the  Ramsay, provincial live stock; mouth of the Paisley River,  expert, all of whom had spent a | Hitherto the lack of proper ac-  week in town in connection with j commodation has caused con-  the business of their respective siderablc inconvenience to those  departments. in charge of the boat who were  The sporting enthusiasts of the  valley who attended at the Colony Hall last Monday evening  were treated to one of the best  and most exciting, basketball  games yet witnessed hereabouts.  The team from Bella Coola showed greatly improved form, their  greater speed and better combination proving too much for  their opponents from Hagensborg, whom they succeeded in  beating by a comfortable margin  of points.  James Hoage for the winners  proved  a prolific scorer,   while   .  points were also  gained by V.; t  Clayton and Ed. Grant.    For the J  losers   John   Nygaard    and   R.  Saugstad   did   yeoman   service,  each player scoring cleverly on  several occasions.  The teams lined up as follows:  Bella Coola; forwards���������J. Hoage  and Ed. Grant. Guards���������Vincent Clayton, D. Clayton, and T.  Levelton.  Hagensborg ; forwards���������John  Nygaard and R. Saugstad.  Guards���������P. Oveson, H. Kasper-  son, and O. Gorden.  At the conclusion of the basket  ball game several classy exhibitions of the manly art were given  by members of the club and  visiting athletes. The bout between Messrs. Ramsay and  Hagan,, both husky heavyweights, brought forth unstinted  applause from the audience, both  boxers showing considerable  speed combined with, clean and  clever work right through.  | of the season.    The game was  \ pulled off on the rink'adjacent  j to Aytoun Ranch, where the ice  j was in admirable condition. Both  ! teams were well represented and  | set a scorching pace  from the  'start.     Both goals had narrow  (escapes in the first few minutes.  jStoessiger for Bella Coola being  particularly   prominent.      The  feature  of the  game  was   the  splendid defensive by both teams  and the final score of one to nil  in favor of Hagenborg, well represented   the  general   trend  of  the play.  A large crowd turned out to  witness the game and afterwards  to enjoy themselves on the ice.  On both previous meetings of  these teams the victory has fallen to Bella Coola, but on this occasion it was shown that without  more practice and better combination they cannot hope to retain  the championship of the valley.  (ttlmrrlr Jfotfir*' >  Sunday School  Church Service  10:45 a.m.  7:30 p.m.  All Are  Welcome.  Reu.  T. C. Colwell. B. A., Pastor  Shushartie Bay  (FROM OUR RESIDENT CORRESPONDENT)  The settlers of Cache Creek  and district are mourning the  death of Mr. Lorn Christenson  who passed away after a prolonged illness. The internment  took place on 27th January.  Bert Hall, the well known  farmer of Cache Creek, is spend-,  ing a few days at Shushartie.  Messrs. Hewitt & Co. have  made a rich strike at their gold  diggings at Cape Commerall.  Twelve dollars to the yard is the  average at the present workings.  It is expected that a large number of men will be employed here  The Bella Coola Athletic Asso- j is the near future.  ciation is a live wire in the valley. The members are fast attaining a high standard of effici-  The fishing schooner Adia was  completely wrecked recently near  Fisherman's  Bay,   and  another  ency in their respective special i smaner boat was badly damagred.  line of sport, and are providing ��������� The Adja is a COmplete loss ex-  lots  of   wholesome   amusement; cept for her eng;ne which was  for the sporting enthusiasts of  the district  RAW FURS: w^tecj  I pay the top market price at  all times for all kinds of fur.  Remit same day furs are  received. Will hold goods  seperate when requested to  do so. Write for Price List  etc., and ship to  -  J. C. AMES  Sedro-Woolley, Wash., U.S.A.  salvaged.  The government steamer Quadra  has  set a beacon on  Dillon  j Rock.    This will prove a great  I boon to navigators and is the cause  of much expressed satisiaction.  Mr. J. J. Skinner has returned  from a two months' trip to the  east, and expresses his high appreciation of the beautiful mild  weather after the rigorous climate which he experienced while  away.  Mr. W. R. Lord, the well  known cannery man, is suffering  from a damaged hand, which has  compelled him to take up his  temporary abode at the hospital. BELLA   COOLA   COURIER  Saturday,  February Sh  Tlie Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES r  Canada  1  Year $100  6 Months    0.75  3 Months . \    0.50  tt  ���������'   United States  1  Year....?     $1-50  t   'y ���������   .United Kingdom  1 Yoar....; $1-00  'I'-  Subscriptions payable in-advance.  Subscribers not receiving tlieir copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in'as soon as possible. .,  For Advertising' Hates,  ������      Office.  Apply at  To Corfiesponbents���������While unobjectionable anonymous coinmunicntions will be published, the  name and address of every writer of such letters  must be given to the editor. '  The Editor reserves the ri(jht to refuse publication of a.iy letter. All manuscript ut writer's  riak.  Vancouver Office - -317-323 Cambie St.  ���������j������>alua pojwli mtprwna PBt l*x."  SATURDAY, FEB. 6, 1915:  ' ���������,. '���������      r~  Roads, Etc.  A contemporary writes: "One  ���������of the best roads and one of the  prettiest drives in the northern  interior is through the', woods  from New Hazelton and across  -the high level bridge/ ,It'might  also 'be stated that, except for  the work New Hazelton people  have put upon this road-, there  has not been a dollar spent pn it.  It ��������� is now used entirely, the old  road being practically impassable on account of ice on the  hills."  Just so the road in Bella Coola  today.is that which the early  settlers laid, out and built for  themselves. What the Provincial government has spent on it  .has resulted, in more than one  instance,'in failure. We have a  piece of government built road  that is often impassable,on account of .ice on the hills. We  have a government built bridge  that cannot be used when the  said piece of road is impassable.  For years the traffic through'the  valley used a temporary bridge  built and maintained by the sett-  lers themselves. We have a jail  built down in the bottom of a  .slough which floods at high water,  necessitating, on at least one occasion,  a; general jail delivery.  These are only some of the  things wve have. "Government  standard" bridges have been  constructed only to be washed  away in -the course of a few  months. Our wharf, which was  no good to begin with, has been  tinkered up year after year to  prevent it falling into, the sea,  which indeed a portion of it did.  All this work is up to "government standard," which means,  expensive to the point of extrava-  gance but of a nature that will  not be lasting. By this means  work is provided i or the faithful  and the- taxpayers money is  wasted. These things will continue until there is a change of  government, and the public  works is taken out of the hands  of incompetent partisan officials  and placed out on contract with  responsible parties. Then and  then only will we get roads that  commence somewhere and go  ' somewhere, and not before.  o     o    o     o    o  A Trade Commissioner.  A joint deputation from the  Victoria and Vancouver boards  of trade recently waited on the  provincial government for the  purpose of presenting a memorial  in respect to, the'sending of a  trade commissioner to South  America and the West Indies to  exploit lumber, fish, preserved  fruit, and other things which the  province has to sell. One member says the delegation is im,-  pressedwith the value such a  commission would be to the province. This*, however, depends  greatly upon the man chosen as  commissioner. We have had  some experience with commissions costing thousands of dollars, which'money might just as  wel.l have been thrown into the  sea. for all the good it brought to  the public. We had a labor commission which did nothing for  the laboring classes. One of the  members of the commission was  formerly a Liberal'member of  the provincial legislature, who  betrayed his party vand when  called upon by his erstwhile supporters to resign his seat took  refuge in'the government ranks.  Then we had a coal commissioner  who accomplished nothing except  the drawing of $35.00 per day.  There were others too," but we  are not,concerned with them just  now.  -      - ,.   ��������� -r  The people of British Columbia  are justly suspicious of commissions. They are too often composed of men not chosen for  their qualifications, but rather  because they have demanded a  reward for their political service.  As regard a trade commissioner,  it is safe to say that should the  government appoint a man they  will choose some Conservative  heeler whose work will be directed towards assuaging the thirst  of others of that ilk. .This has  been the rule. We .have ho department of trade to which he  would be responsible. " He would  be practically a.free lance. Then  what is he going to arrange for  us to sell? Not agricultural products because we import much  more than we raise. China furnishes us with millions of eggs.  Of our mutton ninety per cent,  is imported from abroad and the  remaining ten per cent, comes  from the prairie provinces. We  have some fish, but surely the  salmon-canrier can sell his own  taxpayer pay for this?  Let the government bring  down some legislation that will  stimulate production in the province. There is the report of  the agricultural commission, let  us have some legislation based  on it. Let the government see  to it that settlement of provincial lands by a proper class of  agriculturists is encouraged and  not made impossible,as at pres:  ent. Then in a few years we  shall have something to sell ;  that will be time enough to talk  about a trade commissioner.  OIL LETTS  LVE  EATS DBRT  The Increased Production  Movement.  A contemporary publishes a  despatch from Ottawa which  states that "The Immigration  Department is taking steps, to  secure the cultivation of possible  lands in the West. Lists of holdings of lands by absentee owners  are being secured, and when obtained-the owners will be communicated with and urged to  join in the increased, production  movement."  The cry throughout the.whole  Empire- is for increased production.  ' To the Laurier government  must be given the credit for the  populating of the prairies, which  has resulted in the present tremendous wheat crop on which  largely depends our national  prosperity.  The Borden government is exerting special efforts towards increasing the production of foodstuffs, which at this time is almost, if not quite, as important  as furnishing men and munitions  of war to Great Britain.  ;  What is our government in  British Columbia doing in this  matter? All our best and most  accessable agricultural land has  been illegally sold to speculators  who, while not having paid for  it according to the terms laid  down in the Land Act, are holding it at prohibitive prices.  .There are considerably 1 e,s s  people in our province today than  three years ago. Premier McBride has endeavored to show  that there has been an increase  in the products of 'agriculture,  ! but on examination his figures  pack.    Why, we ask, should the arei shown to be false and merely  intended to deceive. He has announced that nothing will be  done this year towards encouraging-farming by granting cash  loans on easy terms to actual  settlers to assist them in the expensive task of clearing and  irrigating the land. He has  calmly stated his intention of  doing nothing until times improve. He' has proven himself  to be an opportunist and is faithfully carrying out-the role.  The people of the province  have been agitating for years for  a sane land settlement policy.  Boards of Trade and other non-  political bodies have urged it.  The Liberal.party have striven  for it, and pledged themselves  to it. Eventually Sir Richard  began to feel the force of the  public demand and a commission  was sent to .the four corners of  the earth to enquire the reason  why settlers would not occupy  land in British Columbia that  was being held by speculators at  many times its value. They  found out the reason and have  made their report. In the meantime things have gone from bad  to worse. If there was need for  increased production of food-  stuffs before, that need.is certainly accelerated since our Empire is at war. Yet Sir Richard  adopts an.attitude of "watchful  waiting" and talks about how  he is determined to face the situation with " dignified calm."  Yet he prides himself in his Imperialism. He. has brought his  province to the verge of bankruptcy. Sold the people's heritage and squandered the money,  until he now has to even abandoh  some of his own pet projects.  CHICK STARTER  CHICK FOOD  CHICK DEVELOPER  SCRATCH FOOD  ' ,   SOLD BY LEADING DEALERS  AND BY  ALBERTA   PACIFIC  GRAIN  COMPANY  VANCOUVER,  B. C.  LTD.  "A. P. Standard"���������We stand back of every sack  Gault Brothers Limited  . WHOLESALE <DRY GOODS*  361 Water Street        Vancouver, B.C.  C| Qault Brothers for over 60 years have successfully  maintained wholesale warehouses throughout Canada  1$ The Vancouver stock is the largest and best assorted  stock on the Coast, in some cases the best west of Toronto  1 *  STAPLES  SMALLWARES  RIBBONS  . Ready-to-Wear  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  House Furnishings  CARPETS  LINENS  DRESS GOODS  . MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  ���������-I  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  Wholesale  GOODS. AND MEN'S  FURNISHINGS  Manuf act urers  " PRIDE OF THE  WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS, .PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  DRY  OF  MADE   IN    B. C  Send for Catalogue  Prompt Attention Given Letter Orders  He drained the North for the  benefit of the South until the  latter swelled up and burst. Under his government the credit of  the province is ruined, as is  readily seen by a perusal of the  leading English financial journals. The administration of justice has been declared by a judge  of   the   supreme   court   to   be  "tainted at the fountain head.  Has Sir Richard any respect for  his government or for the people  of British Columbia that he car  allow the present state of affair-  to continue? Or is he himst  powerless to control the couii  of events? Meanwhile, the or  comes to us from across the so  "morefoodstuffs."   Everywhere  Oven is a wonderful baker. That's because  the heat flues completely encircle it.  lantfe  satisfies the most exacting  &%*ajn*^*~ cook on every.point. Let the  McClary dealer demonstrate the fact. ������������������_.  "MADE IN CANADA."  w  Sold By All General Merchants.1  &  lOL  HOC  D  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SERVICE  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  O. 0.      Chclohsm     Leaves  Vancouver  every  Monday at 8 p. m.  Leaves Bella Coola Wednesday night.  ^  S. S.. "Coquitlam" will also sail from Vancouver on  November 12, 20,   December  10, 24,   January  7, 21,  February 4, 18, carrying Gasoline and   Explosives by  special arrangement.  For rates ,of Freights, Fares and other information, apply to  Head Oeice, Carraix St., . Vancouver-; or Ceo. McGkkg<>.'<,  agent,  1003 Government St., Victoria.  30EI >J5  Saturday, February 6,   1915  BELLA   COOLA   COURIER  this cry is being loyally answered :    A correspondent introduces a  Columbia,  closes  his  ears  except   in   British  whose' premier  ' i&"V."-  (atfcl&his eyes too) and striking  an*'attitude of "dignified calm"  continues his "watchful wait-  ihg.''^ Oh, the shame of it, and  h'e'anative son!  'IA "broken bill melts, quickly  eVenin cold weather.  piece of poetry to the editor of  an American newspaper in these  unpunctuated words:  "The following lines were  written fifty years ago by one  who for many years slept in his  grave just for'amusement  When people seek assistance  in the keeping of a secret it generally is hot kept.  a  GEYiiON  :;":'Tea^  WM. BRAID   ft CO.  "...    TEA'IMPOR'TCRS  VANCOUVER,    B, C.  Order that pound  of BRAID'S BEST  Tea now. Packed  in handsome 1, 3,  and 5 lb, tins.  ���������f "   u  ,t  |>0 YAL STANDARD is  r r>*  the wizard of the kitchen.  '-*<.'.  t %  %-K  cts  i 1.     ifi. (+     ���������  ^recipe  >������^  lip"  "til ***\  ;/ >  Ir3  is  V  -  like   magic  in  any  calling   for  f 1 o u r.  Standard   is   the  sesame"  to  good  It  transforms ordinary bread, cakes or pies  into  real wonders  of the  culinary art.  Your grocer sells Royal Standard  under  a  money-back guarantee.  WATER NOTICE  HTake Notice that Iver Fougner  1 of Bella Coola, on behalf of  the Bella Bella Indians, will apply  for a license to take and use 3000  gallons per day of water out of  an unnamed creek which flows  easterly and drains into Plumper  Channel about one' half mile  north of the Bella Bella Indian  village. The water will be diverted from the stream at a point  about three quarter's of a mile  from its mouth and will be used  for Waterworks in the Indian  village of Bella Bella. This notice was posted on the ground on  the 12th day of December. 1914.  A copy of this notice and an  application pursuant thereto and  to the "Water Act, 1914," will  be filed in the office of the Water  Recorder at Vancouver. Objections to the application may be  filed with the said Water Recorder or with the Comptroller  of Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings, Victoria, within 30  days after the first appearance  of this notice in a local newspaper. The date of the first  publication of this notice is January 2nd, 1915.  BELLA BELLA INDIANS.  By Iver Fougner,-Agent.  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  fOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  v-' Manitoba. Sahkatchkwan and Ai-iiekta.  the Yukon Terhitouv. the North-west Tekki-  ToiiiKS and in a portion of the Province of  BniTisu Columbia, may bo leaned for a term of  twenty^>ne years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,500 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Atfent: or Sub-Affent  of the district in which the nshta applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land most be described by sections, or leiral subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of s'5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  ,A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of live cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  ithe Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  'full auuntity of merchantable) coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. Jf the coal mining rights  are not beinK operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to-purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of ������10.(XJ an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior. Ottawa, or to,any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. 11.���������-Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30690.  fjtoyal  open  g tboking  ���������'<  id.  for  oplt  .u. _ ���������.   _&*a  car  t                         f  fair-  I'                   "  ist  i.  uii  r't  ���������y  or  *.   *���������  ' ?  i sei  I    ' \ *>1  here  *  *,  ^.;i'v.'>  ^mmmm  ���������... '-;] "L^^v-:*  ���������-  sc  r  ie  J.W.Peck&Co.Ltd.  * Manufacturers of  ������  CLOTHING, SHIRTS,  CAPS and OVERALLS  We carry a complete stock of Men's Furnishings  and all the best English   and  American   Hats  %  t  JOHN W. PECK & CO., LTD.  MONTREAL        WINNIPEG       VANCOUVER  J  The perfect blend and full aroma  of  abo  ee  makes it a most satisfying  beverage.  AT ALL GOOD   GROCERS.  45c  Full Pound Tin.  Queen Victoria and Belgian  Neutrality.  The following passage from a  letter addressed by Queen Victoria to the king of the Belgians  has not yet been quoted at present. The letter is dated Buckingham Palace, February 12,  1856.    Queen Victoria writes:  '"With respect to your answer  respecting your neutrality, and  the possibility of your being  obliged to break it, I must repeat that I see no possibility or  eventuality that could oblige you  to do so. Belgium, of its own  accord, bound itself to remain  neutral, and its very existence  is based upon that neutrality,  which the other powers have  guaranteed and are bound to  maintain if Belgium keeps her  engagements. T cannot at all  see how you could even entertain  the question, for, as I just said,  the basis of the existence of Belgium is her neutrality.''���������British  Weekly.  Up-to-Date  Stamps.  The postage stamp is always  up-to-date and Cuba gives us thej  latest example of keeping up  with the times. An entirely new  set has just been issued showing  on the regular postal issues a  map of the island with lines  i making the principal steamship  connections with neighboring  countries.  The special delivery stamp is  even more interesting. It shows  an aeroplane of modern type  flying over Moro Castle at the  entrance to Havana harbor. The  stamp is unique and should be  sought with keen interest by  boy or girl collectors.  BUSINESS CARDS  Gkopfkey K. Burnett   D. J. McGugan  c.e., b.c.l.s., b.'a.s.c. b.c.us..  ass.m.can.soc. c.e.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geoffrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & Burnett)  CIVIL ENGINEERS and  B. C. LAND SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola. B. C.  City address���������New Westminster, B.C.  P. 0. Box 886. Telephone 232.  J. A. LeROY PhoneSey. 9387 -i- NATION  BUS  MEETS ALL BOATS AND TRAINS  Hotel Winters  COR. ABBOTT AND WATER STREETS  VANCOUVER, B. C.  EUROPEAN    PLAN    HOT AND COLD WATER  SI.OO TO  S2.50      STEAM   HEATED  ROOMS WITH BATH  HOE  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid/plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold" sales monthly, but will advance. 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL "ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  hoe  ABY  CHICKS, DUCKLINGS  & HATCH-  infjs eprirs: poultry and fruits form payinfr  combination. Strawberry plants, UK'. 70 cents:  1,000. $5.00: Currants. 10 cents; Gooseberries. 15  cents : Raspberries, 5 cents ; Rhubarb. 10 cents.  Fruit Trees. Perennial Flowers. Roses. Dahlies,  Pansies, etc. C.irrinpe prepaid. Catalogue free.  Ghas. Provan. Lanhlky Fort, near Vancouver.  Few people now listen to the  man who starts his story with "I  was in Germany when the war  broke out."    The men who were  | in Berlin  when the war ended  i will have their innings later.  Portugal,  now defending her  African possessions against Germany, once ceded an important  colony   to   England   as a  gift.  When Catherine of Braganza became ]the queen  of Charles II.  part of her dower was the island  of Bombay in the West Indies.  Perhaps the Portuguese did not  know the value of the territory,  and certainly Charles  did  not,  for a few years later he leased  Bombay to the East India Company for $50 a year.  i5S3 ^SJSSEIgS 11  TheMason & Risch Piano  of to-day will make plain our  privilege to stale with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  Let us attend  your Victor Record  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.  Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST.. VANCOUVER. B.C.  Vi    Some people are like an old  pack of cards. They are hard  to deal with.  EJ  it  ] c  \^7HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  TliTHAT person so independent?  \kTHAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of   the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola  farmers are independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  "T^HE REASONS for this enviable condi-  ���������*��������� tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  ilfBlffg)  ��������� J  CZD  ���������<    >-08EX    H  ���������<  >������  ighland Liquor Co. I  Sole agents for Arthur Bell & Sons' Famous  Scotch Whiskey, Perth, Scotland.  WINES, LIQUORS and CIGARS  PROMPT ATTENTION TO ORDERS OUR MOTTO  WE   SHIP    PROMPTLY  |-  758 Powell Street, Vancouver, B. C.  MM  MM  k  xatsw-i )imnu<  >  <xsaa������-o  o  Patronize Home Industry  and Buy RAMS AYS'  Biscuits, Candy, Macaroni  New Orleans Molasses  Manilla Drips  Imperial Maple Syrup  Ramsay Bros. & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  Onk Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  1 o  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. 0...   Tear out and mail today, with nmour.t of subscription .^nclobcd 4  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  Saturday* February 6, '/tw *  HOE  0 1  Subscribe  Protection and Politics.  Article,No. 1.  or  if ***  jj  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Cpurier. is the only  newspaper published on  tKe mainland coaSt between / Vancouver, and  Prince,* Rupert.  A distance of six \ hundred miles.  /������  It Will be to your interest to keeP WeH Z71"  ormed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public!. No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford' to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  D EAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  ��������� People are beginning to flock to  the country.'. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is iio excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by-reading the "Courier."  Job Printing  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  DUILD UP YOUR H0ME  TOWN. Do not talk���������support home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you \are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support-the ��������� 'Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  The Courier  $1 a Year   ?   Published, every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  0 LI  HOE  There is a proverb which runs  -there is no sorrow when there  is bread in the house.    Applied  to a nation this summary of truth  means, there is no "political unrest in a country that is prosperous.    But given a series of lean  years, no matter the cause, there  is bound to be an examination of  the principles  upon   which our  economic  situation is  founded.  This has been our experience in  the past.'  .The abrogation of the  Reciprocity    Treaty    with    the  United States in, 1866 wrought  much hardship to this country.  For a> number  of years before  the denunciation of the treaty  by the United States, the traffic  between the two countries had  an average yearly value of 75  million  dollars.   ��������� For   a   corresponding period after the abro-"  gation of the treaty,.the' value  of the trade fell to  57  million  dollars per. annum.    The aggregate of Canada's foreign trade  for the last year in which the  treaty was in full force amounted  to '$160,409,455.    The' year following it declined to $139,202,-  615... The loss fell with grievous  force upon the agricultural class,  which had then no markets but  the United States; and there are  men yet living who can recall the  poverty of   those years.     The  direct   result   of  these   "hard  times" was the complete overthrow of   the Liberal   Government and-.the return of the Conservatives, who proclaimed that  they were.in possession of a sovereign remedy���������protection.   The  common argument in favor of  protection  is   that  it- develops  natural    resources,    stimulates  trade,   encourages, the   investment of capital in new enter-  prises,-and increases the rate of  wages, even if it does somewhat  increase the cost of production:  that   it   encourages   the   free  spending of money and prevents  the hoarding of capital.    From  Australia a few years ago came  the following reading of the formula:   "To promote regular employment, to furnish security for  the investing of capital in new  as well as existing industries, to  render stable the conditions of  labor, and to prevent the standard of living from being depressed   to   the   level   of   foreign  countries."  If all these allegations be true,  it means that the natural causes  which lead to disaster are accelerated in their operation under  a system of protective duties. A  more, useful argument in favor  of Protection would be that it  retards manufacturing and trade;  and there is a considerable bulk  of evidence in favor of this view  of the case. Those who favor  the system should develop this  new line of argument against  the day when every device will  be required for its defence. Yet  it will probably occur to their  opponents that a less elaborate  system, than Protection could be  devised for the purpose of doing  nothing. It would, however, be  probably the wiser plan to survey the ground in advance of the  contest which sooner or later is  bound to occur, to determine if  a secure footing cannot be discovered.   The truth is that Pro-  ^^<$><������^<������<������^'fr <$���������<������>������  THE  ' Manufacturers of all  MOONEY BISCUIT m-smk wscons  ���������    ,. ���������-���������   ::    AND CANDIES    ::  MOONEY'S SODAS and  PILOT BREAD  & CANDY CO. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  "THE   BEST  YET"  Made in British Columbia  ���������  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER  >>  - Ogilvie's  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  From  tection is a political device, and  has^ not often been adopted consciously as an economic advantage. At times it is a strong  weapon of defence,, quite apart  from its effect upon, industrial  development. That argument is  unanswerable by its opponents;  and if th-ey could be once persuaded of its political necessity,  they might endure cheerfully  the hardships which it imposes.  Once convince the ox of his food  value estimated in calories, and  he might the more readily assent  to the process of being slaughtered. But he must be well convinced.  So definite a statement of fact  will bear some amplification and  in later articles we will proceed  to trace the causes for the existence of Protection in certain  countries in which it is, accepted  as a cardinal principle.  The English Vocabulary.  Kaiser Is Canny.  Has Huge Sums Invested in  Canada and Appropriates  Part of Belgian Tribute.  There is no. accurate or complete estimate available of the  number of words in the vocabularies of the various nations.  The English language, however,  is generally conceded, to have  the largest number of words.  The following figures are taken  from reliable dictionaries of the  various languages and are fairly  complete: English,   450,000  words; German, 300,000; French,  140,000; Italian, 140,000; Spanish  120,000 words.-New York Times.  The Canadian government has  asked the law. officers of the  crown in London to say what  action should' be taken with private property acquired during  recent years by "the-kaiser in  Canada. It is reported that ever  since the war began he has been  receiving remittances/ from this  property through trustees acting  for him in the United. States.  His investment of immense sums  1 in landed property both in the  Dominion and in the Western  States, began at the time when  he first warned the banks, of  Germany to prepare themselves  for financing the German.government in case of a European  war.  That the kaiser, in making  new world investments at the  same time that he commenced  his preparations for the conquest  of western Europe, was providing against the possibility of  dethronement, is widely believed.  The opinion gains some support  from the fact that he has insisted on the appropriation to his  own personal uses of a certain  percentage of the cash indemnities levied in Belgium and France.  One of his sons came to Rheims  in a motor car to take away the  tribute extracted from that unhappy city.  HUGHES BROS.  BIG    LIQUOR   STORE  Wines, Liqueurs and Cigars  WE "si-: IP    EVERYWHERE  Send for free price list with shipping instructions.  105 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, B. C.  ������������S������������r5>������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������S������������������������������  ma  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1895  rynildsen  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise!  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP, HEATING AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    ������  Tents���������Pack and Riding Saddles  Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters, rappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to'look over  our stock. Nothing but the mo������ suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sortJ  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, M>

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