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Bella Coola Courier Feb 27, 1915

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 -������������������;���������,'��������������������������� -���������^���������:,v:t,H!y^^Vf--  ���������ailft  itifSI  ,vi-,-7v!������,l-5:(i5,'.!.-^-,'-,.::: ���������  :.i.Qi>C)l^/^.:'!f'V;..'.  *'"  '������^  ^rKT.-���������_-__.   . ..J. j   ,    .  _.     i   _.,   ... J;..  filliiGU WANT GOOD SPORT  IttSlt: BELLA COOLA. EXCEL-  liiNtf HUNTING AND FISHING.  ,������??)���������  WEATHER  REPORT FOR JANUARY.  Compiled   by   Mr.  C. II.  Urseth; of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature : Maximum, 26.    Minimum 2G.  Rainfall, '1.63 inches.   Snow, l'..o0 inches.  :volS1|no. 20  BELLA COOLA, B.C., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 27,  1915.  $1.00 a Year  educes  For the Fall Fairs  Government Grants Certain to Be  Pared Down to Low Notch  Victoria, Feb. 26. ���������The fate of  all fair and exhibitions in British  ColumbiaTso far as government  grantsfare concerned, hangs on  the > impression the 'agricultural  ' committee can make on the ex-  ecutive^in urging that a sum be  ' included:,in the estimates as in  former years, in aid of the various associations "in the province.  The Committee in discussing the  ma&er/r������cogn ized the di ff erence  between' the three   large fairs  irijthe^coast cities, which are pro-  jvinciajjiii nature.    At the same  timetfavalue of small local fairs  'in/s-fiulating  efforts to excel  was stfon gl y u ph eld by th e m em -  bers:yo_v'the committee, and in  this Deputy Minister Scott heartily agreed.  ' ** It was decided to secure an  early,meeting with the executive  before'tKe estimates were finally  ' drafted*when the whole subject  is-tof-be discussed. Last year  the.grants included in the esti-  ��������� mates^or agriculturaFexhibi tions  in" the/province totalled $90,000.  No'hopeisheld out that any such  'sum, 'if any at all, will find a  placein this year's estimates. In  discussing the matter it was  pointed out that the Dominion  Government is this year increasing its grants to agricultural exhibitions.  Capture Trade  of Australia  - As a-,direct consequence of the  European war British Columbia  pulp industries have captured a  large part of the Australian paper  supply trade, and very large  shipments, running into over  .1000 tons a month, are being  made to the Antipodes by coast  mifls. So great an incentive has  ���������been given coast paper manufacture mills by this new trade that  a heavy demand has arisen for  sulpher, which is extensively  used in the pulp industry.  'British Columbia coast mills  supplyiXthe paper to the entire  group of Pacific coast cities. A  meagre invasion into the Australian trade had been made before  the outbreak of the European  war. When hostilities broke out,  the supply of paper from Norway broke down owing to the  high insurance rates and also to  the fact that much of the carrying between Norway and Australia had been done by German  vessels. Australia at onCe turned  her eyes to the Pacific coast and,  as a result, activity in pulp mills  in British Columbia jumped by  leaps and bounds.  Artillery Engagements  Favorable to Allies  Paris, Feb. 24.��������� Official statement issued today as follows:  ' 'There has been artillery engage-  mentsfrom Lys to Aisne at times  rather spirited, all ending favorably for us. In Champagne region to north of NeuniJ, we have  made fresh progressed repulsed  several counter-attacks. Our  artillery on heights of Meuse has  silenced several German batter-    ... ;   ��������� i  ies. Supplementary reports emphasized importance of success  at Les Eparges and extent of  enemy's losses on very small  section of line carried by us. We  have already found over 600 Germans killed. According to prisoners captured after the action,  two.regiments driven from their  positions by our attacks lost over  3000 men, that is to say more  than half their strength. We  haye made progress in Bois Brule  in forest of Apremont.".  German Supply  Ship Captured  Montvideo, Feb. 25.���������German  steamer Gotha, loaded with provisions for German auxiliary  cruiser Kron Prenz Wilhelm, has  been captured by a British cruiser, according to reliable advices,  and taken to Falkland Islands.  Gotha was last reported leaving  Buenos Aires February 2 with  supplies. She is a vessel of 6000  tons and belongs to the North  German Lloyd Steamship Company.  Russians Stubbornly  Defending  Reserve After Reserve Hurled Into  Fighting Line  German Losses Said  to Exceed Russians  London, Feb. 24.���������Despatch to  Daily Telegraph from Petrograd  says: "Russian military leaders  expect considerable portion of  Russian twentieth army corps  will succeed in fighting its way  out of East Prussia and rejoin  the main Russian forces. These  hopes are based on continual arrival of small detatchments of  troops who have extricated themselves from forest labyrinths.  Reports from Russians indicate  that German losses are larger  than Russians. Along this front  present fighting seems to show  that Germans are not now trying  to push definite forward movements but are merely feeling  about for weak spot in Russian  line."  Danish Defy Germans  Copenhagen, Feb. 25.-���������Danish  ship owners defy German war  zone decree and send ten ships  to England with foodstuffs.  London, Feb. 26.���������The Petrograd correspondent of the Times  describes the position of the  Austrians in Eastern Galicia as  critical. The activity of the  Austro-German forces in Buko-  wina seems to have reached its  utmost limits. Meanwhile the  Russians continue to move across  the Carpathians immediately on  the flank of the invading columns  whose position is extremely  hazardous.  Telegrams from Budapest report fierce fighting around Stanis-  law in Galicia.  Reuter's Venice correspondent  says: "The Russians are said to  be hurling reserve after reserve  into the fighting line and defending their positions with the greatest stubbornness. The chief  struggle is proceeding on the  heights around a town where the  Russians have concentrated with  the object of stopping the advance of the Austrian right  wing, which threatens their  whole front. In the Carpathians,  near Wyzskow large Russian  forces are making. continuous  attacks with fresh troops."  Effectual Bombardment  of Dardanelles' Forts  London, Feb. 26.��������� All the forts  at the entrance of the Dardanelles have been reduced by the  Allied fleets. The admiralty announcement is as follows: "The  weather moderating, the bombardment of the outer forts of  the Dardanelles was renewed at  8 o'clock yesterday morning,  February 25. After a period of  long range firing,- a squadron of  battleships attacked at close  ranges. All the forts at the entrance to the straits were successfully reduced and the operations are still continuing.  Britain Declares  Blockade  Washington, Feb. 26. ��������� The  formal announcement was made  at the State Department yesterday of Great Britain' s disposition  to declare a blockade of the coast  of German*East Africa as from  midnight on February 28.  were always prepared to publicly  discuss the issues of the day fairly and squarely, without fear or  favor, a compliment which he  was unable to pay to his political  opponents. Addresses followed  from Messrs. B. F. Jacobsen, M.  B. Christensen, R. N. Levelton  and G. Gentner.  The election of officers for the  ensuing year resulted as follows:  President, B���������' Brynildsen, reelected ; vice-president, B. F.  Jacobsen, re-elected; secretary-  treasurer, H. L. Harris, re-elected. Executive committee, A.  Hammer, M. B. Christensen, R.  N. Levelton, T. Jacobsen, T.  Thorsen and C. Allertson.  The meeting was brought to a  close with a brief speech by the  president in which he appealed  to all Liberals to closely watch  events and be prepared to engage in a campaign the result  of which would be the breaking  of the power of the present administration.  In the evening a public meeting was held a full report of  which will appear in our next  week's issue.  Ausirian Government Seize  Grain and Flour Stocks  London, Feb. 26.��������� Despatch  to Reuters Telegram Company  from Venice says: "Austrian  government is confiscating entire  stocks of grain and flour in the  monarchy."  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  For Sale  as a going concern the premises i\nown as the Grand View  Hotel, gella Coola.  For particulars apply to���������  <P. O. Box 90  (Bella Coola, B. C  The members of the newly organized Live Stock Association  met at Hagensborg on Monday  last for the purpose of discussing  the importation of live stock.  With the increased interest in  the raising of live stock in the  valley it is deemed advisable that  early steps should be taken to  improve the breed and it is intended that further meetings  will be held to decide definitely  what steps should be taken in  this direction.  The snow is rapidly disappearing and there is considerable  hustling going on on the part of  thesawmills. All available teams  are employed getting in the logs  for the coming season's cut.  Mr. M. B. Christensen, thewell  known storekeeper of Hagensborg visited town on Friday.  Mr. Wm. Sutherland has left  Victoria with his new .power  yacht and is expected to arrive  early next week. Accompanying  him on the trip north are'Mrs.  Sutherland, Messrs. J." R'. Morrison and Wilfred Gibson. The  latter gentleman is taking-'a vacation for. his health's,sake and  will spend some time here....  Mr. Sutherland is taking the  trip in easy stages,'choosing his  weather, as he has in tow a commodious gasoline launch;'  S. S. Chelohsin docked here  late on Wednesday night. Among  the passengers for this place  were Mrs. and Miss Blayney who  return from an extended visit to  Mr. A. Blayney at his ranch in  the Francois Lake country.  local team, and it is expected  that their offer will be readily  accepted.  Liberal Association Holds. Annual  Meeting..  Many New Members.  A joint meeting of the Ladies  Aid and W. C. T..U. took place  at the Mission House on Tuesday  last at 2:30 p. m. The main business was the apportionment of  work among the numerous members. The knitting of socks for  the Red Cross is receiving special  attention at present.  The boys who left our valley  and friends and relatives of  members, who are on active service are to be remembered with  gifts from the W. C. T. U.  Rev. T. C. Colwell was present and opened the meeting also  giving a short address on Red  Cross work at the  close, after j  which refreshments were served, j  The entertainment held at the  Colony Hall, Hagensborg under  the auspices of the Young People's Society last Saturday evening was perhaps one of the best  of its kind for a long time. An  interesting feature was the debate on the live topic "Should  women be granted the right of  the franchise." For the affirmative A Hammer and R. Saugstad  brought   forward   some   strong  c  t  <?  Sunday School  Church Service  10:45 a. in.  7:30 p.m.  All Are Welcome.  Reo.  T. C. Colwell, B. A., Pastor      jv  A telegram has been received j  by the local athletic association j  from the secretary of the Hazel- J  ton association .stating their re-j  gret that a meeting, of the ice  hockey teams of the respective  districts can not be arranged for  this season.   Hazelton, however, j  express their willingness to arrange baseball fixtures with our!  The annual meeting of the  Bella Coola Liberal Association  took place at the Colony Hall,  Hagensborg, Thursday afternoon, the attendance being much  larger than on former occasions,  showing a great revival of interest in things political. President B. Brynildsen occupied the  chair, and in opening the meeting welcomed the members, many  of whom had travelled many  miles to attend. When the minutes of the last general meeting  had been read and adopted and  the financial statement submitted, the names of many young  men were added to the membership roll. In reviewing the past  year the secretary spoke of the  .work of organization which was  being carried on throughout the  whole province, and paid special  tribute to the party leaders who  were putting the party,on such  a perfect fighting footing. Mr.  A. Hammer spoke at length on j  the principles of Liberalism, and  took   pride  that   local   Liberals  Shushartie Bay  (FROM OUR RESIDENT CORRESPONDENT)  Captain Harry Hanson is taking charge of the auxilliary  schooner Amy, which ship will  shortly engage in halibut fishing.  arguments, which all the heavy!    Mr. Fred Olson met with  an  artillery   of   the   o pposi ti on j accident recently which resulted  brought into action by B. A. Mc-  Beth and J. Schulstad failed to  dispose of, the judges finally  giving their decision in favor of  the champions of the ladies cause.  Songs by Mrs. Saugstad and Miss  Ruth Nordschow were, as usual,  greatly appreciated, also a cleverly rendered recitation by Mrs.  M. Saugstad, and an interesting  reading by Mr. Frank G. Hagan.  The recently organized male  choir quite excelled themselves  and the charming vocal selection  by the school children added the  last touch to a capital evening's  entertainment.  A Basket Social and  Sale of Work  will be held in the Colony Hall,  Hagensborg, on Saturday 27th,  at 7:o0 p.m.  A musical programme will be  provided. Proceeds in aid of  Bella Coola General Hospital.  Admission���������Gents, 50c; Ladies Free.  in the dislocation of his shoulder.  Proceeding to Alert Bay hospital  Mr. Olson was soon set to rights  and is now back on his ranch.  The panthers are getting very  bold indeed in this district. One  full-grown anima! recently came  right up to the residence of Mr.  A. E. Hole and was busy devouring a chicken when disturbed b\  Mr. Harry Darlington, who put  an end to i ts depraditions with  three well aimed shots.  New settlers continue to arrive  and a great influx is expected to  take place in the spring.  Mr. James McClane of Nah-  witti, is spending a few days in  town.  Mr. W. R. Lord contemplates  making extensive enlargements  to the local salmon cannery with  the coming of spring.  Mr. J. J. Skinner is busily engaged in the construction of a  number of cottages in anticipation of the arrival of numerous  new settlers. BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  Saturday,   Felruary 27  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co.* Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1  Year  $1.00  6 Month*    0.75  3 Monthf        0.50  United States  1 Year   $1.50  United Kingdom  1 Year I  .$1.00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  al builders the ultimate operators of the mill, and anyone  witnessing the extravagant system too often employed can no  longer wonder why we cannot  compete with others in the lumber industry.  couver must pay heavy harbor  dues tos oil the wheels of the  Harbor Commission, and this  again adds to the freight charges  and so increases the cost of the  lumber to the consumer at the  other end.     So the port where  We do not need to go to Van- the lowest dues are charged have  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in addres3 should be  sent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising Rates,  Office.   ���������  Apply  at  To Correspondents;���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the  name and address of evfry. writer of such lettors  mast be Driven to the editor.  The Editor reserves the rijjht to refuse publication of any letter. All manuscript at writer's  risk.  Vancouver Office \ - 317-323 Cambie St.  '^aliia jroptt ji flupmna ssX tex."  SATURDAY, FEB. 27,  1915.  In the Vancouver. Sun of Feb:  ,   ruary 12 appeared" an interview  with ex-Mayor .Findlay on why  the mills of: British   Columbia  should receive the .large orders  for lumber required at this time  by Great Britain,arid other European  countries.     The explanation is not hard to find and it is  strange "that 'Mr., Findjay of all  men should be so apparently in  the dark.    Of one thing we may  rest assured,'Great Britain will  buy   in   the   cheapest  market,  which in this instance means the  United States.  We are not prepared to say  that the American mills ?.re better equipped ;than ours, or that  they have better timber,, yet we  know that they sell cheaper.  Why is it that the Oregon and  Washington.mills have for years  past supplied our prairie provinces with the bulk of the. lumber  used at from,$1.50 to $3.50 per  thousand less than could the  Vancouver mills?  Mr. Findlay'cites the fact that  the mills in Washington employ  only white labor, while in B. C.  cheap Asiatic labor is employed,  and yet we cannot compete.  Personally, we cannot see why  it should be cheaper tp log on the  American side than in B. C. If  the Canadian' logs cost a little  more, the cheap Asiatic labor in  our mills should offset that, although we are strongly of the  opinion that yellow labor in the  long run is the most expensive.  Mr. Findlay wants to know if  there is a remedy that can be  immediately applied. He earnestly seeks the root of the evil.  We would ask the question of  Mr. Findlay, has he ever studied  the capitalization of the lumber  concerns in B. C. as compared  with the capitalization of those  across the line?  We happen to know that the  system followed by our American cousins is usually first to lay  the foundation of a lumber mill,  install sufficient machinery as  cheaply as possible and the mill  commences to operate. This  small mill not only helps to pay  for a larger mill out of profits,  but produces, at the minimum  cost, the material for the larger  mill which is in turn constructed  with an eye to economy and  efficiency.  With our B. C. mills it is quite  different.   Seldom are the origin-1  couver, we have fair examples  at home. Of course the public  have no right to know what any  of our mills cost to build, this is  strictly private, though they rnay  guess more or less accurately.  Supposing that the Swanson  Bay Forrest Wood-Pulp and Lumber Co. spent four million dollars  on their plant, what would the  output have to be in order to enable the company, after defraying all expenses, to pay to the  investor, say six per cent, on his'  investment?>  Supposing that the Ocean Falls  Co. Ltd., expended six million  dollars on their plant, what would  be the annual output of this plant  in order to pay a dividend of six  per cent., after   defraying   all  ������  expenses?   These questions cannot readily be answered.  From a business standpoint,  we have never been able to see  how either of these two concerns  could ever expect to pay. Indeed  we have sometimes doubted if it  was really ever intended that  they should.      .  j  Who knows, that if the mills  of this province were only capitalized up to the. amount of their  actual cost of construction and  operation, they would then not  be able to compete with the  American mills.  ���������  This then, we submit as the  chief reason why we cannot expect to get these big orders.  Our mills are far. too heavily  capitalized and are crippled by  a distinct advantage.   Everyday  means considerable  expense to  ]:mmmm������.  and you will lose no lumber orders from England, France, or  anywhere else.   There will be no  to ship owners. Washington and I more Half-starved men, women  Oregon are nearer.the Panama an_ children about your streets  Canal than is Vancouver, so that seeking bread and not finding it.  everthing else being equal own-f Time is fleeting. British.Colum-  ers are still apt to prefer to load j Dja ��������� has gone wrong on inflated  their ships at the ports to the values and equally inflated poli-  For Results Use-  P. Standard"  CHICK STARTER  CHICK FOOD  CHICK DEVELOPER  SCRATCH Toon  SOLD BY LEADING DEALERS  AND BY  ALBERTA  PACIFIC  GRAIN  COMPANY LTD  VANCOUVER,  B.  south.  It is simply up to the people  of Vancouver to cut out all. barriers to their harbor, one of the  best in the world. Make the  shippers welcome, not by banqueting the captains, - but by  making the port as free to cargo  vessels as it is possible to make  it, and the shipping .will soon  come.  dividend paying.  "���������o     o    o     o'   o  In respect to Vancouver. What  about the expensive Conserva-  Harbor Commission? Vancouver  got along pretty well, before such  a thing was thought of." All  these things help towards increasing the cost to the consumer. 'Ten cents on a thousand feet  of logs coming into Burrard Inlet  is considerable, -and applied to  an order for1500,000,000 feet of  lumber means a good round sum.  Every steamer coming into Van-  All hindrances to progress in  this province have been placed  there by politicians, whoseaim it  is to make an easy living at the  expense of their fellow citizens,  the voters. These men tell the  people anything that suits their  purpose, and strange to say the  people believe them. The longer  this is allowed to continue the  worse off we will be.  The various nations, are making  ready'for a great expansion of  trade and commerce after the  war.' What are we in British  Columbia doing?  To Mr. Findlay we say: First,  do away with your-Harbor Commission, the sooner the better.  It is a barrier to progress. Your  business men can make~Vancou-  ver a free port if they have the  mind to, and they will be the  gainers. The politicians will not  do this for you, as they want the  soft jobs for themselves and  their friends.  Secondly, cut down the capitalization of your Vancouver  mills to a legitimate working  basis, something approximating  the actual cost of the mills plus  working expenses, never minding what the inflated value of  the property may be. Having  done these things commence to  do business  along proper lines  ticians, and the sooner we rid  ourselves of these and get-down  to honest business the better it  will be for us., .  o     o     o     o     o  When   Sir   Richard   McBride  stated in the legislature that the  intention of the government was  to reduce the wages of the men  working with pick and shovel on  the public roads to two dollars  per day,  the premier certainly  knew what he was talking about.  We sympatize with the man who  first has to join the Conservatfve  Association in order to get work,  and then has to accept two dollars for a, back-breaking .day's  work.    However,, we can easily  see that Sir. Richard' may well  assume that, men, who will let  government heelers dope them  in all manners imaginable, and  and take it.all with good grace,  will  stand   for   anything.     Sir  Richard knows they are a cheap  lot and he is only treating them  as he thinks they deserve.  o     o   _o     o     o  We have yet to learn of anything' that our Wm. Manson,  M.P.P., has done for the part of  Northern B. C. which he is supposed to represent in the legislature at Victoria. Some things  improve with, age, but not Mr.  Manson. Apparently the longer  we keep himthere the more useless he becomes. Hard times are  ahead of us, and heavy curtailments are necessary. With Mr.  Manson as our representative we  may well expect that the curtailments will be made "Particularly  in the North.'/  o     o     o     o     o  Mr. Maxwell speaking before  a Vancouver audience said: "The  announcement   is   made   that,  "A. P. Standard"���������We stand back of every sQc������'  Gault Brothers Limited  WHOLESALE <DRY GOODS  361 Water Street        Vancouver, B.C.  *J Qault Brothers for over 60 years have successfully  maintained wholesale warehouses throughout Canada  ^ The Vancouver stock is the largest and best assorted  stock on the Coasl, in some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES  SMALLWARES  RIBBONS  Ready-to-Wear  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  House Furnishings  CARPETS  LINENS .  DRESS GOODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DA Y RECEIVED  n  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE  WEST"  BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  MADE    IN    B. C."  Prompt Attention Given Letter Orden  owing to lack of funds, the work  of constructing any part of the  Provincial university buildings  must be indefinitely postponed.  But while we have no place in  which to house or instruct the  waiting students, we already  have a staff of high salaried professors, wandering about like  disembodied spirits and  licking  up the money of the proving  taxpayers, as silently as a CI  nook wind carries off a carpet  beautiful snow."  It must be remembered ti.  this is one of Sir Richard's,  schemes, so what right has'  taxpayer to complain, anyho*  "Has anybody .here seen C  ais?" is the kaiser's daily qur'  Grates are extra durable.  Coal grate is duplex. Wood grate is the most modern type  ~"T6 ""  9&B&  will take extra large pieces d  wood���������just remove back end  lining. Ask the McGlary dealer to show yon  "MADE IN CANADA."  Sold By All General Merchants.1  &  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RA/ILWAY.  30E  HOE  ZD-  n  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SERVICE  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  S. S.      Chelohsin     Leaves   Vancouver   every  Monday aft 8 p. m.  Leave* Bella Coola Wednesday night.  <H  S. S. "COQurTLAM" will also sail from Vancouver on  November 12, 26,   December 10, 24,   January  7, 21,  February 4, 18, carrying Gasoline-and   Explosives by  special arrangement.  For rales of Freights, Fares and other information, apply tl1  Head Oeeiok, Carrau, St., Vancouver; or Gko. MoO������kk<;<>".  agent,  1003 Government St., Victoria.  rziot::  ) ��������� c  __OE  ;:'^fl'^^i^rw^/-,.:i.f^.\vn,"r:' v.,iw^!iiw-j;';f ;^;'^i������1������;������f;v r^1 i^;,'!'t;" ���������;..������������������.-^ *;n'v.w; ���������"'���������'" 1 Saturday, February 27,  1915  BELLA   COOLA  COURIER  OM  KCD-aaaKXDBSMH  ���������<Om  ���������<o  LEST WE FORGET.  >4 descriptive series by our soldier correspondent, Jlrchie T>.  Darlington, late of Shushartie Bay, B: C.  -<H  ������o  A few days ago we quitted the  barracks at Tidworth, and are installed in comfortable billets in  fa small, sleepy and ancient town  ' in  Old  Hampshire.     The 101st  Edmonton Battalion stood to at-  tention^  by   companies   as   we  marched past their quarters and  asr'a^iarewell compliment their  'b?andr,played the old regiment to  the station.    It was good for a  Canadian   heart   to   hear   the  "Maple Leaf" once more.  This, town, which, is quite a  "near cry to Southampton, had its  origin in the Roman days and the  name, in ;pre-Norman jargon,  signifies a stockade. There is a  hoary, old church of the Norman  its sleepy eyes at the coming of  the soldiers, and seemingly awoke  to the fact that events were toward. In fine, the shopkeepers  ordered a fresh stock of goods  and the prices of hardware, dry-  goods and provisions made a  short, sharp jump like a "jack-  in-the-box." The civil population  were especially civil���������they were  getting well paid for Tommy's  board. Otherwise, though ' it  may sound cynical, I think that  but for the coming Of the soldiers,  this tiny town would have slumbered on in lotus-bred indifference to all outward things.  What'  an. awakening   if   the  troops had worn the grey of the  typef/and  the  ruins,   weather-1 Landwehr,   or the  blue  of  the  worn and crumbling, of a still  older "edifice. A half-forgotten  place at the edge of the chalk  wher,e the rustic moralist in the  V    r'     ,  ingle .often sits and thinks and  more'of ten just sits, it rubbed  Uhlans, and fire and steel had  swept the winding streets, and  the fine old church had become a  heap of stone and plaster? What  if, in the fury of the blood lust,  the old men had been led out to  A few lines We specially  recommend  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ���������Biscuits  Griffen & Skelleys  famous gold and  silverbar���������  Canned and dried  fruits  . flEESON, DIXIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  '>#'  ���������?- Kin  Braids  BtST  GETI-ON  PACKED      BY "  WM. BRAID   a CO.  '������������������-���������t'EA..'   IMPORTCnS  VANCOUVER,     B.C.  Order  that   pound  of BRAID'S BEST  Tea now. Packed  in handsome 1, 3,  and 5 lb. tins.  J. W. Peck & Co. Ltd.  Manufacturers of  CLOTHING, SHIRTS,  CAPS and OVERALLS  We carry a complete stock of Men's Furnishings  and all the best English  and American  Hats  ^  JOHN W. PECK & CO., LTD.  MONTREAL        WINNIPEG       VANCOUVER  v III  The delectable flavor  of  Nabob T  ea  will satisfy the most  exacting epicure.  Get it from your  grocer���������he has it in  poun d and half-  pound lead packets.  40c - 50c - 60c  Per Pound.  die, and innocent babes tossed  onto lance points?--as in Belgium.  Doubtless "then the sleepy eyes  would be alert enough with mortal dread and the fear of death  in them. A dream! yet it might  have been reality���������a violent  nightmare from sweet repose.  Only because the Belgian dead  lie thick around Liege, and the  British dead and wounded  strewed the fire-blasted spinneys  and blood-soaked fields at Mons,  it fizzled out into a Zeppelin raid  ���������an anarchial bomb-dropping  affair, a despicable assassination  of boys and old women unworthy  even of the Black Hand!  The green fields of England  are still unsown with iron, the  rolling prairie of the Middle  West lie placidly in the rejuvenating process under their pure  white coverlet of snow���������unraped;  the sweet-scented woodlands of  our own British Columbia have  no blood and iron in their make  up; on the westerly wind across  Queen Charlotte Sound there is  no echo of the cannon's roar;  our quiet, grey-looking cedar  houses are sheltered and free  from the scattering shrapnel���������  and will be please God!���������because  men died in the sacrifie at Liege  and Mons.  Now the young men have taken  up the sword to the end that the  difference -between might   and  right be made plain.   The clans  and the yeomen of the shires are  out, Our Lady of the Snows has  sent her best,  and Australasia  likewise her portion, and India  a host of little brown  warriors  from the Himalays: in the meantime bearded   men who   speak  Taal are chasing the foe across  the boundary of Namaqualand.  I Moreover,  that the sleepy-eyed  may rest, there are those whose  watchful vigilance never ceases;  on   the   broken   waters  of  the  North Sea they lie like sleeping  dogs who growl at an approaching step���������watchful always amid  perils unguessed from in the air  and under the water, so that the  tentacles of the German octopus  shall be withheld from Sydney  and Vancouver.    A cosmopolitan  company, is it not? Such as even  the doughty Saladin, who tilted  with the Crusaders, whould marvel at.  It is a marvellous thing when  one considers that for the like of  these who sleep not and shed  blood and make the supreme  sacrifice there is no adequate  payment this side of Heaven except in the respect of posterity  and the judgment of history;  but their monument we trust  will be everlasting peace. However, when the noise of battle is  still, and lovers meet again in  the lanes, and children play in  the fields of a resuscitated Belgium, we cannot give back a  life for a life, or a limb for a  limb! Therefore, we must not  forget; let their memory be kept  as green as the mounds will be  where their bones rest.  (Qontinued on page 4, column 3.)  r<V$������  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  pOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  ; V* Manitoba. Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Tekiutohy, the Noirrii-WKSTTKitiii-  TOHIES and in a jiortion of the PROVINCE of  British Columbia, may he leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annua! rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2.L&J acrea will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the A������ent or Sub-Acent  of the district in which the rifrhta applied for  arc situated.  In surveyed territory the land must he described by sections, or lefral subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of S5 which will be refunded if the riKhts  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall lie paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The poison operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not beinK operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal rnininfr riKhts  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rijjhta may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full  information   application  should  be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Airent or Sub-Atfent  of Dominion Lands.  ' W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. fl.��������� Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������3O6i)0.  BUSINESS CARDS  Geokfkev K. Burnett   D. J. McGucan  C.E.. BX.L.S., B.A.8.C.. B.C.L.S.,  ASS. M. CAN.SOC. C.E.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geoffrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & Burnett;  CIVIL ENGINEERS and  B.C. LAND  SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B. C.  City address���������New Westminster, B.C.  P. O. Box 886. Telephone 232.  J. A. LeROY PhoneScy. 9387 ���������>��������� NATION  : BUS  MEETS ALL BOATS AND TRAINS  Hotel Winters  COR. ABBOTT  AND  WATER  STREETS  VANCOUVER, B. C.  EUROPEAN   PLAN   Hot and Cold Water  $1.00 TO  $2.50      STEAM   HEATED  ROOMS WITH BATH  HOE  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  : Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  O  HOE  RABY  CHICKS, DUCKLINGS   & HATCH-  *~ intrs efTKs: poultry and fruits form paying  combination. Strawberry plants. 100, 70 cents;  1.000. $5.00: Currants. 10 cents; Gooseberries. 15  cents; Raspberries. 5 cents: Rhubarb, 10 cents.  Fruit Trees. Perennial Flowers, Roses, Dahlies,  Pansies, etc. Carriaue prepaid. Catalogue free.  Ciias. Provan. Langley Fort, near Vancouver.  RAW FURS: W__l__  I pay the top market price at  all times for all kinds of fur.  Remit same day furs are  received. Will hold goods  seperate when requested to  do so. Write for Price List  etc., and ship to���������  J. C. AMES  Sedro-Woolley, Wash., U.S.A.  iheMason CF ixischPiano  of to-day will make plain our  privilege to state with authority:  "NO FINER   PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  1  rf]T Let us attend your Victor Record  ^U mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  1 Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C  \A7H.AT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \JUHHAT person so independent?  \hTHAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola   farmers are independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  HTHE REASONS for this enviable condi-  ���������*��������� tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  'irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and -field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  *~^ country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely unde*  veloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  _   ____]  .igman  Patronize Home Industry  and Buy RAMS AYS'  Biscuits, Candy, Macaroni  New Orleans Molasses  Manilla Drips  Imperial Maple Syrup  Ramsay Bros. & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  Some people do not know the  difference between political principle and political interest.  Sole agents for Arthur Bell & Sons' Famous  Scotch Whiskey, Perth, Scotland.  WINES, LIQUORS and CIGARS  PROMPT ATTENTION TO ORDERS OUR MOTTO  WE   SHIP    PROMPTLY  758 Powell Street, Vancouver, B. C.  c >���������___������-< >____-(  <  xmsx  >-~a_������-<  >-_s_9-o-������c_s>-o-~__t>o-<  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in  Advance.  CANADA.  Onk Ykak '.....$1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Ykar  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  k  l__l  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. 0   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed %  BELLA COOLA COURIER  Saturday, February 27, 1<)}t:  HOE  ������  ner  jj  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTRICT   03?   COAST���������BANOE   III.  Take Notice that Harold V. Morehouse, of Namu, B. C, occupation  mariner, intends to apply for permission  to lease the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted at  the north-west comer of Lot 299 on  east coast, of Aristazable Island, thence  west 80 chains, thence south 80 chains,  thence east 80 chains, thence north  80 chains to point of commencement,  containing 640 acres, more or less.  HAROLD V. MOREHOUSE.  Dated, January 15, 2915.    Feb. 13--Ap'l 10  ,&^^<fr^4^<fr^##<fr<$<>fr#^##4^^^^^^^  THE  Manufacturers of all  OONEY BISCUIT ;mM^  ���������- ��������� ������������������=   ::    AND CANDIES    ::  & CANDY CO. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MOONEY'S SODAS and  PILOT BREAD  "THE   BEST  YET"  Made in British Columbia  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coasl between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance! of six hundred miles  DISTH.ICT   Or.   COAST���������BANGE   III.  Take Notice that Thomas Hpoper,  of Namu, B. C, occupation engineer,  intends to* apply for permission to'  lease the following described land:     ..  Commencing at , a post planted at  the north-east corner of Lot 299 on  the east coast of Aristazable Island,  thence west 80, chains, thence north ,80  chains, thence east 80 chains, thence  south following shore line to point of  commencement, containing 640, acres,  more or less.   '  THOMAS HOOPER.  Dated, January15, 1915.  . II. V.' MOREHOUSE. Acrent.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  It will be to your interest to keeP WeM *n~  formed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  DISTRICT   OF   COAST���������RANGE   Hi:  Take Notice that Garl Lem'berg, of  Namu, B. C, occupation gas engineer,  intends to apply for permission to lease  the following described land:  Commencing at' a post planted one  mile distant and in a northerly direction  from the north-east corner of Lot 299  on east coast of Aristazable Island,  thence west 80 chains, thence north 80  chains, thence east 80 chains, thence  south following shore line to point of  commencement, containing 640 acres,  more or less.  "     CARL LEMBERG.  Dated, January 15, 1915.  H. V. MOREHOUSE. Agent.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the time to keep  your, name before the  public, flo manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no.excuse. Investors  should keep .posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  D TOWN. ���������- Do not talk���������sup  port home industries���������talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  The Courier  $lsa Year  t  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  0 n  IOC  ^1   0  DISTRICT   OP   COAST���������BAKTO-E   III.  Take Notice that Fred Battison, of  Namu, B. C, occupation fireman, intends to apply for permission to lease  the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted two  miles distant and in a northerly direction from the north-east corner of Lot  299 on east coast of Aristazable Island,  thence west 80 chains, thence north 80  chains, thence east 80 chains, thence  south following shore line to point of  commencement, containing 640 acres,  more or less.  FRED BATTISON.  Dated, January 15,- 1915.  H. V. MOREHOUSE. Astent.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   OF   COAST���������BANGE   III.  Take Notice that Joseph O'Connor,  of Namu, B. C, occupation mariner;  intends to apply for permission to  lease the following described land:  Commencing at- a post planted three  miles distant and in a northerly direction from the north-east corner'of Lot  299 on east coast of Aristazable Island,  thence west 80 chains, thence north 80  chains, thence east 80 chains, thence  south following shore line to point of  commencement, containing 640 acres,  more or less.  JOSEPH O'CONNOR.  Dated, January 15, 1915.  H. V. MOREHOUSE, Asent.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  (Continued from preceding page.)  ��������� Mutual sorrow and loss will  engender charity; poignant memories aid the human element;  we shall emerge a chastened and  wiser people. Let us then not  forget the root causes���������the principles of liberty, honesty, and  peace, and begin the new era on  ' 'the sunny side of peace''. by  strictly ensuing them.  Again, at this time of crises  and sacrifice, we should exorcise  the tendency to laugh at the recruit or   disparage   the   young  soldier.-   His heart is strong, remember, and he is no fool; fur:  ther,. he is  imbued   with   four  things: stamina, honor, unselfishness, and the spirit of '.'No surrender! "   Yet.-there  are those  who value him only as a tool for  the making of unlawful profits.1  It is like buying and selling in  the Synagogue, and the detestable   blood-guilty   traders   who  own ships and  charge ruinous  freight rates, and unscrupulous  contractors who supply worthless  boots, putrid meat, and suchlike,  are far beneath the privilege of  being shot.     As for the lotus-  eaters who gape on the thresholds, they are like the parasite  creatures which subsist on  the  lifeblood of a superior organism.  But, finally���������  We ask you, when you're basking  '  On the sunny side of peace;^  When from dread of dire disaster  '  We have wrought you full release,  Not for flattery and fawning,  For a boon our blood has. bought,  But a kindly recollection���������  Now and then a thankful thought.  "Things Lasting and Per-  ������  rnanent.  ���������The other day a local farmer  with one of the finest teams in  the valley loaded up with thirteen hundred pounds and started  for His home at the Crossing. All  went well until approaching the  Canyon bridge over the'Nootsat-  sum-river where there exists one  of ^the things "lasting and permanent" obtained, through the,  activity of the local Conservative  "club,���������viz':���������an expensively constructed hill. Here the farmer  had to unload and pack his load  up the bill on his back. Now  perhaps we are wrong in laying  the responsibility of this hill to  the Conservative club. Maybe  the road-superintendent at that  time built it in spite of their  protest. Anyway, this work along  with some other things, "lasting  and permanent" cost him his  job. That,Canyon, road and  bridge cost. about $8000, for  which.amount we claim a new  bridge could have been constructed at the old crossing. Not a  "government standard" bridge,  but one that would have remained  in place.  How about the execution of a  few score boot men who fleeced  the war department over their  boot contract? Major General  the Hon. Sam said they were to  be shot, but they are very much  alive.  A long pull and a  pull altogether and there you are.  DISTBICT   OX1   COAST���������BANGE   XII.  Take Notice that Lewis Hooper, of  Namu. B. C, occupation mill foreman,  intends to apply for permission to lease  the.following described land:  Commencing at a post planted one  mile distant and in a westerly direction  from thev north-east corner of Lot 299 on  east coastof Aristazable Island, thence  west 80 chains, thence north 80 chains,  thence east 80 chains, thence south 80  chains to point of , commencement,  containing 640 acres, more or less.  LEWIS HOOPER.  Dated, January 15, 1915.  .   H. V. MOREHOUSE. Agent.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTRICT   Or   COAST���������BAXTG-E   III.  Take Notice that George Hooper,  of Vancouver, B. C, occupation teamster, intends to apply for permission  to lease the following described land:  . Commencing at a po3t planted one  mile west and one mile north from the  north-east corner of Lot 299 on east  coastof Aristazable Island, thence west  80 chains, thence 'north 80 chains,  thence east 80 chains, thence south 80  chains, to point of commencement,  containing 640 acres, more or less.  GEORGE HOOPER.  Dated, January 15, 1915.  H. V. MOREHOUSE. Aprent.  Ogilvie's  Roy al Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  From  ALL GOOD GROCERS  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   OI*   COAST���������BANGE   III.  Take Notice that Charles A. Battison, of Collingwood East, B. C, occupation teamster, intends to apply for  permission to lease the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted one  mile west and two miles north from the  north-east corner of Lot 299 on east  coastof Aristazable Island, thencewest  80 chains, thence north 80 chains, thence  east 80 chains, thence south 80 chains,  to point of commencement, containing  640 acres, more or less.  CHARLES A. BATTISON.  Dated, January 15, 1915.  H. V. MOREHOUSE, Acrent  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  ������.)������������������S������������������������������������������������*������������������������������  HUGHES  BIG    LIQUOR   STORE  Wines, Liqueurs amd Cigars  WE    SHIP    EVERYWHERE  Send for free price list with shipping instructions.  105 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, B.C.  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1895.  ildsen&G  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General fVlerchanciise  Dry Goods and Motions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP, HEATING  AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������     ������  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  Settlers, Prospe&ors, Hunters, rappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look oVer  our stock. Nothing but the mosl suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods- Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C.

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