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Bella Coola Courier 1916-02-12

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 >  *���������>  h'~*  1 -��������� <t.  ^������?^^ii������iiiiiiiiia^t**''i''''^M     '"Mf^1"'""'^  IF YOU  WANT GOOD   SPORT  L*  VISIT BELLA COOLA.   EXCELLENT HUNTING AND  FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR JANUARY.  Compiled  by  Mr. C. H.  Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 16.    Minimum, 9.  Highest Max. (1st) 31.    Lowest Min. (24th) 15  below zero.  Rainfall, nil. Snow, 9.50 inches.  Rainfall for the year (1915) 34.33 inches.  VOL. 4���������NO., 17  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 12,  1916.  $1.00 a Year  Ho^Seattlte  SVas Benefitted  '*%'#>  i ������(  ".Seattle', Feb. 4.���������The Seattle  StaVpublishes a remarkable statement showing how beneficial  Prohibition has proved.   Says the  Star:r iv$  -> ;.6nljr!2& arrests have been made  for ^drunkenness during the 28  d#s]5eattlehas been dry. Never  a-mfntli in the old days that  di|pltlsee 200 or more "drunks"  b'ooke^and hauled up for a night  . or?'rn%r^at the city's: expense.  Thecal' number booked for all  causesyduring the four weeks  ju>i;passed is 685. During the  samtfnumber of days in the  monf^previous, when the sale,of  liqliortwas unrestricted, the num-  ���������,1,1 "Arfsl** ..'.������������������'  ber^was 1459.  - ^/January, 1915, 2123 names  w^er|fentered on the police books.  The'a^erage number of drunks  to.be" cared for during the old  days was not less than 12.  ThVaverage is less than one a  day how.  Cannonade a Train  Paris, Feb. 9.���������South of Com-  rrie, between Loye and Chaulines  our artillery cannonaded a train.  In Argonne our activities were  limited to the explosion of a small  mine at St. Hubert and three  mines at Vanquoisr The rest of  the front is calm.  Wilson to Be Nominated  Washington, Feb. 8.���������Wilson's  closest adviser expects him to  announce his willingness to accept renomination within the  month..  Swedish Steamer on Fire  London, Feb. 8.��������� The Swedish  steamer Texas is making for the  port of Kirkwall, Scotland, with  her cargo of cotton on fire.  S. S. Camosun has resumed her  northern route after undergoing  the annual overhauling. Eeing  due here Thursday afternoon she  did not arrive until 3 o'clock  Sunday morning.    The delay was  make things hum in our at present quiet burg.  H. G. Anderson found that his  duties towards his country had  become so  compelling  in   their  caused by difficulty to obtain coal demands that he could no longer  for fuel at Union Bay.  can be provided for in this place ranch on account of the severity  and it is  to   be presumed that of the weather.    He reports that  resist;  but must leave his post  A fall of five feet of snow had as accountant of public worksand  blocked transportation of coal his ^ife after a brief PeHod oi'  from the mines to the bunkers six; months of married life, and  with the result that the Camosun offer him3elf in his country's  was detained 56 hours before Coal defuse.    As we hope to see him  could be. secured.  return to us safe and sound when  She brought her usual cargo of the war is over we will not en-  ,-~ AW  Regiment of  Scandinavians  Ottawa, Feb. 8.���������Major-General Sir Sam Hughes has authorized, the raising of a Scandinavian ;regi ment at Winnipeg. The  neXregiment will be under the  command of Lieut.-Col. Ponseca.  General Hughes has secured sufficient information from the census figures to satisfy him that a  full'battalion of Scandinavians  can be raised with ease.  Serbia Feeding Germany  Berlin, via London,. Feb. 8.���������  German's first draft of food supplies from Serbia arrived in Berlin1'in the form of 150 beeves,  which came direct from Kragu-  yevats. They had been ordered  by wholesale dealers. It'is understood that further imports  would be made as far as they  can be spared by Serbia.  Socialists Meet at Cologne  Cologne, Feb. 8.���������At a,general  meeting of- Socialists from the  city- of Cologne and surrounding  districts a vote was passed with  a large majority' expressing disapproval of the attitude taken  by the minority Socialists ih the  Reichstag.  Hon. Martin Burrill's  Burns Are Serious  freight and two passengers, who  were F. A. Johnson and O. In-  drevik.  H. G. Anderson and John Ny-  gaard left for Prince Rupert to  join the 102nd regiment.  large upon his many good quali  ties.    Mrs. Anderson   will  take  up her residence with Mr. and  Mrs. W. Sutherland.  No, Truck With Germans  Sydney, N.S. W., Feb. 7.--A  boycott of Germany, of German  trade, and of German influence  will be declared by the Australian  people after the war. The feeling of -disgust at Germany's  methods of prosecuting hostilities  is'growing day by clay and is  voiced from every platform by  icmen.  Ottawa, Feb. 8.��������� The burns  sustained by Hon. Martin Burrill  are found to be more serious than  at first thought. It now seems  that he may be unable to attend  parliament the remainder of the  session.  General Sir Sam Hughes stated  this morning that up to the present time 207 Canadian battalions  had been authorized.  Philadelphia to Equip  40,000 Soldiers  Philadelphia, Feb. 8.���������A campaign to raise" and 'equip 40,000  soldiers in Philadelphia was commenced last night.  John Nygaard is another who  is willing to make the sacrifice  F. A. Johnson has been away and risk all that he has in order  on a business trip to Vancouver, that the country's cause may be  Having found that one boiler vindicated. He came here with  did not give enough power to his parents over twenty years  drive his mill be brought back J ago: and has spent nearly his  an additional boiler. As soon as whole life in our midst,  the weather moderates he will'    That he may return to us in  -' good' Health" and'-"spirits  is the  (earnest hope of his many friends  and relatives.  some of those who are able to  work could be provided with employment at farms, mills and  cannery.  But in order that this work of  providing for them be done efficiently there must be organized  effort made, and therefore it will  be first necessary to", call a meeting to lay the matter before the  public and invite their assistance.  Mr. Sutherland who has been  requested to take charge of the  preliminary work of organization  will call a meeting in the near  future, notice of which will be  given in ample time for everybody to make arrangements to  be present. .  It is suggested by the Commission that the organization proposed work in conjunction with  efforts made in behalf of the Red  Cross and Patriotic Funds.  Germany's Reply  Acceptable to States  The funeral of the late Mrs. F.  Broughton took place from hei  mother's residence at Hagensborg on Friday, February 4.  It was attended by a large concourse of people who by-their  presence testified to the high  esteem which she had held in the  community.  The funeral services were held  at the Hagensborg Church, Rev.  H. Sageng officiating.  The Augsburg Church at Hagensborg, held its annual meet-  A. R. Lord of Prince Rupert,  Washington, Feb. 8.���������Frar.z inspector of schools for this dis-  Bopp, German consul-general was trict, paid the schools of the val-  indicted in San Francisco by a ley a visit last week. The blasts  federal grand jury for his con- of winter have no terrors for  nection with the Crowley plot to him and offer no hindrance to his  blow up munition factories. j travels.   He leftSunday morning j ��������������� at the church last Saturday.  Germany's latest reply in the'for the North. j The membership of the congre-  Lusitania negotiations are almost!   jgation was well represented.  if not entirely acceptable to the'    Mr. Barlow, who lately arrived j    The  financial   affairs   of   the  United States. I here from England, believes that; church presented by the treasur-  ���������:   one or more co-operative indus-ier were found in a satisfactory  in spite of the unusual .cold  weather the South Bentink Arm  is not covered with ice at the  head at this time, as is usually  the case in ordinary cold winters.  Ivev Kellog has been obliged  to live the life of a hermit at the  head of the inlet ever since immediately before Christm^s'cw-  ing to Estensen's inability to rer  turn. It is feared that he, when  opportunity offers, will retaliate  and leave Estenson to enjoy a  similar solitude for an equal  period.  The cold weather still continues. At night the thermometer  goes down to zero and below, but  the sunny days send the mercury  up to the twenties. With the  fine sleighing we are having, the  clear sunshine and the absence  of mud, we are at present enjoy.-  ing ideal winter weather.  Logging and wood cutting are  being carried on energetically.  The long dry cold spell is causing several wells to show signs  of going dry.  No Fighting on Eastern Front tries may be conducted profitably condition.   The congregation had  Oil Wells Ablaze  Houston, Texas, Feb. 8.--A  thousand men are battling today  an oil fire on the Stevenson tract  near Humble. The loss so fat-  exceeds $30,000.  To Ban Luxuries  Berlin, Feb. 8. ���������From a semiofficial source it is learned that  the importation   of   articles of  | luxury will be prohibited in the  near future.  War' Loan OuefrSubscribed  '���������&��������� ������������������-. ��������� \ ���������.: 7���������.���������..-.;":"; :.- , ���������  Rome, Feb. 8.���������Subscriptions  to the Italian war loan has exceeded the sum of two billion  lire a week before closing of list.  Rumor has it, and is very likely authentic, that the provincial  legislature meets the middle of  nexi month. Bye elections will  presumably be held in the beginning of the same month.  Hotel Burned Down  150-Mile House, Feb. 9.���������During night of February 8th the  Cariboo Trading Co.'s hotel at  150-Mile House, was destroyed  by fire. It is believed the fire  was caused by exploding of a  coal oil stove which wras placed  in a wine cellar. The hotel was  a new building built during the  railroad construction.  Petrograd, Feb. 8.���������A lull in  operations prevails ever the whole  eastern front with the exception  of some mining warfare on the  Dvinsk-Riga line.  The Germans are said to be  transferring large bodies of men  to the western front. j  Lord Kitchener to        !  Take Command  London, Feb. 8.--It is rumored  that Lord Kitchener will take  over the command of the British  forces in Egypt.    Earl Derby is  in Bella Coola. For the purpose  of discussing the subject intelligently' and thoroughly he has  called a meeting of some of our  more prominent citizens to be  held at the Bella Coola Hotel  next Monday at 3 p. m.  Wm. Sutherland has received  a communication from the Provincial Returned Soldiers Commission requesting him to undertake the organization of an  employment committee for Bella  Coola and adjoining places.  during the past year made extensive improvements of the  church grounds and the parsonage. It had also contributed  liberally to the different educational and benevolent institutions  of the denomination.  John H. Lunos. was elected  trustee; C. H. Urseth, deacon;  O. H. Hanson. Sunday school  superintendent.  The church enters upon the  new year with every hope of  continued prosperity.  Men are at work opening up  the street in front of the Mackenzie school. Heretofore the road  has made a short cut through  the school yard. With the operation of the Johnson saw mill just  north of the school, it has been  found necessary to open up the  street and take the traffic ensuing from the school ground.  The townsite boys are, in their  As the soldiers return from the  (war, whether well or incapacity- spare moments from school and  to be the Secretary of State for j ^^ it will be the duty of those; chores, busy in clearing the snow-  War, j for whom they have been fight- j away from a large space of ice  ��������� ^Tjinu- to make  all  provisions forj to be used for skating.  Kut-El-.Amara Holding Uut\  London, Feb. 8.-���������Official communication from headquarters, at  their care and employment.  Ivan  Estenson who has  been  busy the last few days in getting  his launch thawed out and other-  v  If we cannot all go to the war  we who remain at home pursuing  Delhi." ���������>'"'General Townsend: is \ our accustomed peaceful callings  holding Kut-El-Amara as a st'ra-; will be glad to do our share in  tegical position of value. Gen. j the great common cause in our  Aylmer's operations are being! respective localities,  carried out to support General j A .few of these returned sol-! stayed in the valley since Ohrist-  Townsend." I diers  who are sick   or   crippled' mas, unable   to   return   to   the  In our last issue we mentioned  that there were several cases of  sickness in this settlement and  that the cold weather was to  blame.  Our attention has been called  to the fact that the prevalent  sickness is an epidemic of influenza that the cold weather has  nothing to do with but that it is  caused by a germ. This sickness is a distinct epidemic in the  same sense as scarlet fever or  diptheria, and must not be confounded with an ordinary cold.  It is of a serious nature; patients  must be given the best of care.  To the very many who, dnring  my wife's sickness and after her  death, have shown me so much  kindness and sympathy I hereby  extend my sincere thanks.  FRANK BROUGHTON.  wise put in shape for active duty,  will leave in a few days for South  Bentink Arm to take up his work  at   the  cattle   ranch.     He  has  6  <?  4  (ttiwrrlt 5fatto    J  i  Sunday School  Church Service  10:45 a.m.  7:30 p.m.  Preacher for Sunday���������Rev.  W. 11. Gibson.  AH Are Welcome.  9  J  ��������������������������� 4_> <J O -<J������ ������L><-& ���������  I -���������~���������  to Advertise.       If you want to reach the markets of Northern  British Columbia advertise in the Courier. (���������northernEb.Lc.) i'.���������-���������:'"  BELLA  COOLA-COURIER  Saturday,  Feb  <ruaw  \  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  i  1 Year  SJBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada    '  .$1.00  sioner will be better able to attend  to such work than the dignified  agent-general. Arguments innumerable will no doubt beforth-  coming trying to show why this  office should not be abolished;  but the  best arguments in its  ���������? ���������oa*s   ������IJ favor would be facts and figures  3 Months    0.50  United 'States  t Year..... $1.50  United  Kingdom  1  Year. $1.00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  V.  .,Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  6ent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising  Rates,  Apply at  Office.  To ConnESPONDENTS���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the  name and address of uvery writer of such lutters  must be ffiven to the editor.  The Editor reserves the right to refuse publi-  citiun of any letter. All manuscript at writer's  risk.  'i&tlits pojmli Htiprwnn tst \tx.  showing what income this source  had brought to the province.  The money yearly expended in  the, upkeep of the London office  has been estimated by one of the  most prominent and'able business  men of the province to amount  $50,000, and, he adds, this- sum  would pay the interest of $1,000, -  000 loaned to the farmers for the  development of the resources, of  our province. Put the money  where it will do the most good.'  laws that some of them nearly  brought United States to' break  diplomatic relations with the  criminal nations.'  The blowing up of the library  of the House of Commons may  be attributed to some crank with  whom the German government  have no connection. Although  that may be* the case, yet there  is pretty strong-proof found in  the prosecution of similar happenings in the United States, that  14J  Iands we shall quote 'the opinion  of W. H. Hay ward, a memberbf  vthe provincial parliament and a  strong supporter of the present  government. No one is better  acquainted with the true condition of agricultural affairs in  British Columbia than Mr. Hay-  ward, who has been chairman of  the Royal Commission of Agriculture and is of all the adherents  of the government the best versed  in practical farming and the most  familiar with agricultural conditions in British Columbia.-  In an address to the annual  meeting of the Associated Boards  of Southwestern B.C he said:  "The rich lands have been  given to the few, the hills to the  many."  I  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co,  VANCOUVER,  B. C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS  AND  MEN'S  FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE  OF THE  WEST"  BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  MADE    IN    B. C."  Prompt Attention Given Letter Oni  :en  SATURDAY,   FEB. 12, 1916.  HIP**  Is An Agent-General  Necessary?  -   In the"storm and stress of the  recent upheaval in the cabinet at  Victoria, it became necessary to  "provide a- job in a hurry for the  - outgoing premier.   . '  "There was only one position  which; would   at  all' salve his  ' wounded feelings, and that was  1 - the one of, agent-general in London.    But, as mentioned in our  columns   last. week,   there   is  trouble stirred tip, in that' the  - agent-general.,  to"   be    retired  refuses" to  go until   his  terms  .  for retirement be.complied with.  ' And that .cannot-ibe legally done  until the legislature-meets.   Mr.  Bowser assures Mr. Turner there  will be no-trouble on that score,  " he. will, get all he asks for; but  Mr.r Turner wants to hold  his  job with its income until some-  other income   is safely  in   his  grasp.   And the consequence jis  that an unseemly squabble has  arisen over a technicality which  could have been overcome with  -the practice of some tact and  patience by Mr. Bowser and Sir  Richard.  Sir. Richard, could-very well  have afforded to wait until the  legislature met before he went  to the" coveted place in London.  There was no pressing need of  his assuming that office at the  beginning of the year; the haste  displayed is very-unseemly and  the -public are beginning to take  notice and comment on it.  It is not unlikely that the con-  sequence^ of bringing the office  of agent-general into the limelight, in such a manner at this  time may bring about public sentiment, tofhe conclusion that this  province can get along very well  without such an ornament as an  agent-general.  The other provinces seem to  suffer no inconvenience or damage from, not being represented  in that way in the capital of the  Empire;- and to our mind it is  very doubtful if the $30,000 or  more paid from" the provincial  treasury for the running expenses of this office every year have  yielded any adequate results.  During this exhausting war  too. much stress cannot be laid  on ,the pressing need of economy  in all our expenditures, both public and private. If it is necessary  to be represented at all near the  seat of the Imperial government  in order to secure trade for our  business men,, a trade commls-  1   Uncivilized Warfare.  News reached Bella Coola last  week that the library of the House  of Commons at Ottawa, has been  blown up by a bomb, killing sev-  eral'members of parliament and  others.    '.  Under the.existing condition's  it is fair to assume, even in'the  absence of proof, that this dastardly deed hasJbeen perpetrated  by someone in the- pay of the  Germans.    This act is entirely  in accord with their activities in  other parts of our country and  in the United States, and is one  more proof in  a long chain of  j   -       ������  events that'atrocities of air kinds'  are legitimate according to the  German notion of civilized war-  fare.    International rules forbid  the killing of-non-combatants and  the bombardment of unfortified  towns; and in case of a fortified  town   to- be   bombarded  notice  must be sent.to enable "the civilian population - to resort to places  of safety. '- -  When .we recall some" of -the  acts done1-by the Germans we  have no difficulty in reaching the  conclusion that international  rules or treaties have no weight  with them. The Zeppelin raids  in which non-combatants, men,  women and children have been  the chief victims; the many passenger ships, some without a  pound of .contraband on board,  torpedoed, as in the case of ships  going from European ports to  America; are instances so grossly in  violation  of international  gh officials in the German em- *  bassy  in  Washington   and   the     This is exactly why so many  consulate in San Francisco have  had dealings with men implicated  and convicted of similar crimes.  ^Although the German government deny their connection with  the( outrages  committed in  the  United States, we notice that the  funds for their financing .have  come" from sources pretty close  to   headquarters,   and   we   also  notice that the German government have   never  punished -or  reprimanded any of their officials  accused  of instigating and  encouraging the illegal acts."  Such'crimes as thpse referred  to will not prevent our pro-German neighbors,;however, from  defending "them and firmly .believe .the perpetrators of these  acts to be the most Christian  people in the world,-and that the  really guilty parties are - those  who accuse-them of wrong-doing.  A Conservative M, P. P.  Speaks, His Mind.    '  In spite" of the"eulogies,of.the  Minister of Lands and others in  support of- the land" policy oi:the  present government, the public  will not *be convinced- but what  the government did make a mistake and has retarded the de-  velopment of the province by  diverting the" larger and best"  tracts of our agricultural lands  from the actual settlers and into  the control of- the speculator.  But that it may be seen that  it is not only the opponents of the  government who find fault with  settlers are dissatisfied with, the  government.  "The price of land," said Mr.  Hay ward,   "must   be   regraded  with  reference to its intended  use., The settlers have,been paying for farm lands the price of  building lots in cities.   The value  of agricultural lands must come  down to a figure which will represent the' capitalization  of its  rent value". - Land  held  by the  speculator  at  fictitious   prices,  based! upon the possibilities of a  real estate boom, should be taxed  upon' speculation  value;   farm  lands   upon   productive-   value  only."     '       "  In the above remarks Mr. Hay-  ward has voiced his real sentiments ujioh the land situation  and yet he will no doubt support  a government'controlled by a  man whose' avowed policy is to  "give the speculator a chance."  i- -.  the alienation of the agricultural j help himself.  Retribution. '  -Some so-called 'business men  will rub their hands in high glee  when  by some   sharp   practice  they have been able to "put" it  over"  a customer and thereby  made an illegitimate profit.    It  is good  policy for any man of  business to so conduct his affairs  that he   retain   his   customers,  and the only way by which this  can be done is by fair dealing.  A customer who feels he has  been victimized is not apt to con-,  tinue to do   business with the  man who fleeced him, if he nan  Great Britain has in this war  found it necessary to place large  orders for munitions on this side  of the Atlantic.   Canada, being  a partner .in the struggle, asked  a share of these orders,-which  Great Britain was glad to give.  But  Canada did  not treat hei  senior partner   and   long   time  protector with'the fairness to be  expected   under   the   circumstances.  The enormous profits' exacted  from the Mother county onthese  orders have, been under discussion in the press for a long time  and lately in. the Dominion parliament, with a vie%y that the  Canadian government should see  to it that Great Britain's confidence in our honor and integrity  should not be abused in this matter.    But the government when  callecj upon to do so refused to  interfere on the ground it did not  Jbelong to it to do so.  And now. the folly, of unfair  dealing- is, making itself felt.  Complaints are now being heard  that Great Britain has discontin-  ued to an alarming extent to  place a fair share of orders- for  shells with the Canadian manufacturers.  If the government of Canada  had followed^the example set by  the Australian commonwealth,  Canada would have received as  many;orders for shells "as she  could have handled, and her fair  name would not have been besmirched by her ever present  grafters, and unprincipled politicians.  ������������������<i;r.ii:<  Our statesmen neor  in political honesty,'and itisv',  people who must give thorn ik-."-  necessary discipline in <.rderth-5  our country may attain to &Z  greatness to which it umpires.  ���������':'  Honesty and  econerry in t  public affairs should be (he Km:  issue in Dominion and IVovinc-it  political campaigns.  ��������� Other   issues,   with   the ������M  caption   of the conduct of 0  war,  are of  minor important  A Liberal or a Conservative po:>;������  cy as such������does not rnatkr vcr;  much after all, if the alTaiisar;  managed honestly and ene-rgeiy-  cally. ,  ���������A  More Light  Wanted  There is no doubt that the Coi-g  servative leaders, whether in o;||  fice or out of office, are just a;:|  intelligent as the leaders in the''?  opposition, and in all fairness vy,  should be assumed that they are ������  just as patriotic and just as eager -  to have a good, clean adminism-v������  tion as the Liberals.  Conceding   these  facts;viv v\  very hard'-fpr a person who tries?  to be, impartial   and   to judge\  charitably   to   understand   how  they can reconcile these qualities  with a support of a ministry that  is accused of so many misdeeds;  a ministry which in spite of the'  strong charges made against it  and the insistent demands  for  investigation  made  upon  it refuses to let in the light on allege d  dubious transactions.  Public servants who felt the  m-  _  uuwiN'.jaeccKC  .���������-  Gault Brothers Limited  .   WHOLESALE 'DRY GOODS,  361 WaterStreet        Vancouver, B. C  1$. Gault Brothers for over 60 years have successfully  maintained wholesale warehouses throughout Canada  ���������9 The Vancouver stock ������ the largest and best assorted  ~C* ������n       C������ast> <n some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES  SMALLWARES  RIBBONS  Ready-to-Wear  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  House Furnishings  CARPETS  LINENS  DRESS GOODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  HOE  3|������ C  30E  PROJECTED-ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SERVICE  BETWEEN  Vancouver, Bella Coola and Prince Rupert  S. S. "CAMOSUN"  Leaves Bella Coola for Prince Rupert at 6 p.' m. Thurs-  January 20.  Leaves Bella Coola for Vancouver at 10 p. m. Friday  January 28.  S. S. "Coquitlam" sails from Vancouver fortnightly, carrying Gasoline and Explosives, will call  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  aJent   im   n'nS AUj SJ"   Vancouver ; or Geo. McGkkgok.  agent,  1UU3 Government St., Victoria. - ------   0  o  6 <  u  ^10  30E  HOE  ������vf;i^>-;>OT.������*u*suiwtyi^iti irMoai*-j-.-* i fc-*t ��������� .r ujavjh  *"t*i*J*ti,*.\Git\i?'.2Jtf*rV'* 11 /9  Sdlarday, February 12,   J 916  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  INGS  ND  1NAW  r Oi(ler,  selves unjustly accused of deeds  reflecting on their honor and integrity by such a great body of  their cohtituents should for their  own sake,"and the good name of  tjie ^province .not rest^ until all  ,tfiese accusation shad been proven  'to bs unjust.     A thorough in-  ,>,.>-���������'** ���������  vestigdtion  which results in ac-  'i������   i    J ' *  cjuittaPwith honor would be the  strongest argument in their favor  in'the coming election.  it*-  >'^But when as the case is at  present in this province the accused parties persistently balk  every' inquiry, ignore serious  charges:and as in the case of Mr.  Ji>������Al(3(Swper's: challenge to Mr.  Eowsevk'to debate the Dominion  Trust'scandal on the public.plat-  We believe we are entitled to his  opinion on these points:  While amember of the government, which Mr. Manson supports, the then provincial secretary accepted from the Pacific  Coal Mines Ltd. shares. to the  value of $105,000. Does Mr.  Manson believe these shares were  given to Dr. Young for his own  private benefit and use?  Does Mr. Manson believe that  the $80,000 commission paid by  Mr. Bowser to Mr. Alexander  and Mr. Reid for alleged services  in the Kitsilano land deal were  really so much added to their  private fortunes?  Mr. Manson is reputed as an  honorable gentleman and we shall  form refuse to have the situation I accept his answer as a proof of  d 1'rovint.  h the c  luc.i of i..  imp-urtaif,  rvativejo  rnatkr w:  i afi'aiisaid encrgr  ranted.  i at the Co:-  ether in c:  are just &  ders in tl  ' fairness"  at they ar-  ist as eajre'  idmini.^Uc-  acts;' h \  ) who tr its  to judge  tand how  e qualities  nistry that  misdeeds;  >ite of tlie  against it  nands for  ?on it re-  on alleged  felt them  candidly' discussed,   the   party  iii.power should not be surprised  if the public at large begins to  be.come^convinced that it prefers  ignorance and doubt on the part  of~jthij]������public   rather   than    a  fulLknowledge on the different  counts. \. *  \~ *,"*$*%(* %>">        - -*  -MrBfJ'S'S. Cowper, Liberal can-  k j^Mi%  dbiatelfpr,the local legislature in  Vvanc'ouv.er, made tne other day  ,- p "���������- " '"��������� -  a'spseca'^i/i which he dealt the  present/;'administration some  heavv.</6lows and which ought  nWtdribe treated as trivial and  b&fthlco^yn aside as too insignific-  arft?totbe given serious attention.  :;JlrnelGdurier would like to have  M'r^M'anBon, our representative  and>ncTv������a member of the cabinet,  answer>the following questions  which'will not cause him any loss  ���������">-    . . *  oft time or entail any exertions.  his" conviction.  If he ignores our questions we  shall assume that he does -not  care to commit himself, and in  that case he will stand convicted  as an accomplice in transactions  he cannot defend.  OOOOO  The Right to Sell Munitions.  The year of general elections  in United States has arrived and  the opposing forces are getting  ready their munitions of war,  which in their case are arguments calculated to sway the  minds of the sovereign people.  The pro-Germans find the forthcoming campaign a means to the  end of supporting the cause of  that country which in their  hearts holds'a place higher than  the one to which they owe their  allegiance.    One of' the means  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  jr\OAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  p* Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  therYuKON Teriiitorv, the North-west Territories and in a portion of the Province of  British Columbia, may lie leased for a term of  .twenty-one years at an annual rental of SI an  acre. Not more "than 2,500 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to thu Aftem or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or leual subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of live cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting- for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  j the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated; such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be p..-i -nitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be .  considered necessary for the working of the mine  :at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������3(,690.  BUSINESS CARDS  A feu) lines we specially  recommend "��������� -\-  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ���������Biscuits  Griff en & Skelleys  famous gold and  silverbar���������  Canned and dried  fruits  .  , DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  ^iiplisale Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  they employ is to deluge congress  with petitions demanding an embargo on munitions of war.  In this agitation they enlist  the good offices of many consciously good people who piously  deplore the depravity of a nation  furnishing weapons for the killing of men, while at the same  time they defend another nation  in the murder of innocents.  The Youth's Companion, published at Boston, which has  maintained a strict neutrality in  its comments upon the war has  this to say on the right of United  States to sell munitions:  "Munitions of war are a recognized article of international  commerce. Every manufacturing  nation sells them to other nations,  and no nation has ever thought  of forbidding their sale except  to rebels who are trying to overthrow a friendly government.  A  nation that is debarred by the  sea power of its enemy from buying arms might with equal reason  protest against our selling cotton,;  or  wheat,   or shoes,   or oil,  or  meat; and that, as we can all see,  would be absurd.   Legally, therefore, there is no excuse for an  em bargo on am munition.  "Such an embargo would not  be truly impartial, for in laying  it we should be changing the  conduct of this neutral'nation'  because the fortunes of war had  placed one of the belligerents at  a disadvantage in our markets.  We should be denying to the belligerent who had fairly won the  advantage the right to use it.  That would not be strict neutrali"But, the argument then runs,  it is not  a  legal,  but a moral _  ui���������"'*������������������; -'���������*   ffl   LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  question; we ought not to traffic/ ,-, vpFNTY ITD  of io-day will make plain our  privilege to state with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE I "  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  Geoffrey K. Uurnett   D. J. McGugan  C.E., B.C.L.S., B.A.S.C.. B.C.L.S.,  ���������'..'.- ASS. M.CAN.SOC. C.E.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geoffrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & Burnett)  CIVIL ENGINEERS and  B.C. LAKD   SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B. C.  City address���������New Westminster, B.C.  P. O. Box 886. Telephone 232.  HOE  ==5]   (O  Fur Sales Agency  V,  .600 dealers and trappers of B. C.  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Far Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 2(  of the biggest fur buyers in the work  bid on yOur fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  .price always.  We hold' sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  o^ra c%^t*>c>^<*g<r>^csy'>^?'t<*>>-<^g'������ <  K C.  The  Best Known and  Popular Lubricant for  *::^@fc. IViotor Boats  Its use assures freedom from Carbon deposit  :-;       ;:: on valves, spark plugs, or in cylinders  BfVJPERSAL OIL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B.C  ?  C  4  5  ODS  3E      rS  srt'  ���������s-  ay  to  K.  in instruments of-death. "We,"  the nation, are not doing so; individual business men are. Shall  the government forbid them to  carry on a business that the  world recognizes as legitimate?  If it does so, is it not equally  bound to prevent them from selling motor trucks that will carry  ammunition to the front, and  gasoline to run them���������or shoes  and shirts to clothe the soldiers,  or foodstuffs to keep them alive,  or cotton that may be used to  make explosives? ,  "Moreover, if we refuse to sell  ammunition to others, we cannot  expect to buy it when our own  turn comes.    If we should succeed  in   establishing any  such  principle   of   international  law,  every nation would have to increase its means of manufacturing guns and ammunition until  it was equal to turning out at  any moment all the material it  might ever need.    The temporary  diversion   of   English   and  French and American ironworks  to the purposes of war would become permanent.    Whether that  would be a movement in the direction of peace, let any intelligent man say.  "Every American would welcome im.','understanding between  the nations that would make war  impossible and destroy the business of munitions making forever. Meanwhile, an embargo  on the exportation of arms would  not look either toward peace or  toward justice; it would neither  serve our best interests as a  nation nor properly discharge  our responsibilities as a neutral  power."  |    The safest place for us is at  i the post of duty.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  (Ol ZZD\   [O  Dealers and Trappers  We pay highest price for  your furs and castorium,  also handle goods on  commission, advancing  2-3. of value, our charges  being 5 per cent, for  handling.  THE EDMONTON HIDE & FUR CO.  P. O. Box 863  . EDMONTON, Alta.  157 McDougall Ave.  Where Our Duty Lies.  If Canada passed a Prohibition  law suppressing the manufacture  and sale of liquor during the war  and for three years thereafter,  Canada   would   have   done   the  greatest and finest deed in her  history.  In a word, Canada would  become the champion of a reform  that future ages will regard as  so vital to human welfare that  our failure to carry it will excite  only   wonder   at   our   amazing  stupidity.    To have Prohibition  will show the noblest and truest  patriotism that any country ever  showed.  1  ^]   Let us attend  your Victor Record  Ji  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  \A/HAT persbn so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  HAT person so independent?  \^HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Cocla   farmers are  independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  HTHE REASONS for this enviable condi-  *��������� tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops. "���������  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried av\ay  over twenty first prizes.  >ELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no ether point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  Get "More Money" for your Poxes  Muskrat, White V/easel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected ia your section  SIHP yot'H VITUS DirtKCT /o"S!IJ;nERT,Mhe largest  house In tne UorM dealing exclusively in NORTH AMEHICAN KAW FliKS  a reliable���������responsible���������s:i:'o Fur House with an unblemished reputation exist ins: for "more than a third of a century." a Ion.tr successful record of sending Fur Shippers prompt. SATISFACTORY  AN'U PROFITABLE returns. Write for "Tiic febubrrtfeOt'pptr."  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  Write for it-NOW���������it's FREE  A  R ^HIIRFRT Tnr 25-27 west Austin ave.  j\. ������������. oriuon-rvi, inc. DePt.c 67 chicaco. u.s.a.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  Onf, Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months;  rj.50  UNITED STATUS.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Yeah $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name.  P. O.  ���������h  Tear.out and mail today, with amount of ������ubscription enclosed iij.Ml  f  li  ii:  131!  lis  '���������; i  !J1M  I  ?>���������  V I  8  I  X I"-  M-  Mill     '  ?  i  ii  I  ii.  j:  M  P  ���������=U  BELLS  COOLA  COURIER.  Saturday,  February 12,-/a.  ONE DOLLAR  ���������3  FOR' ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland. coasT: between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles  /<  -:! It'Wilt be to your interest to \eep well in-  ormed* regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public.-. No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford ; to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings. -  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British'Columbia offers  opportunities-for .all.' Did not  know, is ho excuse. Investors  should keep posted on develop-  mants by reading the "Courier."  You are yjidged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  Even Peace Parties Figlt.  A wild scene preceded,Henry  Ford's departure from the peace  expedition at Christiania. Several Ford leaders exchanged  blows before Ford sped away in  an auto to catch a train for Bergen, to take- passage for New  York.     '  Ford, if was learned for the  first   time,- investigated ,Mme.  Rosika Schwimmer's claims that  she   had   documents   from   the  warring and  neutral  European  rulers,   encouraging  the   peace  movement.     After the-quarrel  aboard ship over President Wilson's preparedness program, Mr.  Ford discovered that they were  politely phrased declarations of  nothing.    They were worthless.  Greatly disappointed, Ford retired to his cabin in mortification,  under the pretence of being sick.  He was practically silent for the  remainder of the voyage.  At the same time he hoped that  an enthusiastic reception by the  Scandinavians would give the  expedition some Hopes of success.  When the 'Norwegians took the  enterprise with ridicule and con-  ���������v  tempt, Ford determined to leave  and, had Rev! Dean Marquis, of  Detroit, a chauffeur, and two  other men arrange the details of  his flight.  Mme.   Sc-hwimmer,   Louis   P.  Lochner,  Ford's secretary, and  others of Ford's intimates knew  nothing of his plans.    They stepped from the hotel at Christiania  while the quartette was smuggling Ford into the auto.  ��������� Several members of the Sch-  .wimmer   faction   threw   themselves at the automobile, yelling;  , "Murderers", ' "kidnappers",  actually believing that-Ford was  being kidnapped.    \  Ford's chauffeur was no pacifist, and besides he had his orders.  He "circled his fists vigorously in  the chill Norwegian air and the  Schwimmerites retreated. Ford  escaping to the railway station.  It is the general belief here that  Mme. Schwimmer's connection  with the peace voyage was in the  interest of Germany's propaganda.���������Ottawa Free Press.  It is cowardly to treat for peace  when fighting an evii.  Virtues of Sweet Clover  Asa soil improver sweet clover  is probably without a peer  of its most valuable qualities is  its ability to grow on almost any  kind of soil, and, at,the same  enrich that soil. It has a large  tap root which branches considerably and reaches not only all  particles of the surface soil but  goes deep into the subsoil.- This  branching habit along with the  rapid decaying properties of the  roots causes a loosening and  breaking up of the soil particles;  plowed under and the land planted to corn.    The corn produced  q e 22.7 bushels per acre as compared  with 16.2 bushels per acre upon  similar land where sweet clover  had not been grown.  Prof. Hopkins of Illinois has  done considerable work with  sweet clover and gives some interesting figures in his "Soil  Fertility and Permanent Agriculture." In his experiments on  the second season's growth he  found that 12,777 pounds of dry  matter in  tops and roots to  a  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1805.  thus the physicakcondition of the depth of seven inches were pro  soil is improved to a depth much  below that of ordinary cultivation.  Like alfalfa, clover, and other  legumes, it has the ability of obtaining nitrogen from the air by  means of ni trogen-gather ing bacteria, which live in the tubercules  on the roots. It differs, however,  from other legumes in this respect that it will produce a good  growth on soils almost destitute  duced pei''acre, and this amount  of dry matter contained 228  pounds of nitrogen, No crop  .cultivated today can give such a  yield of dry; matter in a form  which can be immediately turned  under for manure. Red clover  tops gives about 37 pounds" of  nitrogen per ton which about  equals the sweet clover in this  case but it cannot produce so  many tons per acre.    Prof. Hop-  of humus.   .Such-lands after be-  kins says that  the 6.4 tons of  ing seeded down to sweet clover  for a few, years   will   produce  profitable crops of almost any  kind.   In Alabama a poor worn-,  out soil produced 6,672pounds of tons of barnyard manure  sweet clover per acre the first  year and 7,048 pounds the second  sweet clover, as produced In this  experiment furnish as much humus-forming-material and nitrogen as would be furnished by 25  year after which the stubble was  Do not regard slightingly the  value of the manure pile.  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchanclis  Dry Goods and Not ������  Sfapje and Fancy  ���������recedes  e  HEAVY AND SHELF WrDWARE  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  they WILL STAND IT-because they are F1ADET0WEAR  NOBODY BUYS OVERALLS TO PLAY TRICKS WITH  THEM  SUCH AS IS SHOWN IN THE PICTURE ABOVE  IN WHICH FOUR MEM EXERTED ALL THEIR STRENGTH '  IN THE EFFORT TO RIP A PAIR OF PEABODYS' OVERALLS.  BUT IF THEY WILL STAND THIS-THEY WONT RIP  UNDER THE HARDEST KIND OF LEGITIMATE WEAR.  ARE   THE.  AGENTS   OF  PEABODYS'  GUARANTEED  OVERALLS.  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    ������  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  WE  ���������������  ! i  DUILD UP Y0UR HOME  " TOWN.; ^Bcx w>t.,ta!k-sup-  pbft home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. -The .best way to show  tHat you are in,- earnest is to  practise it:    .  ^Support the "Courier'.'"and you  are doing something for yourself  arid your community."   ; ���������".������������������  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  .Plumbing Showroom West of  Toronto. Let us quote you.  KY55D S30S., LJ?/!STED  Vancouver, B. C.  every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  non  n>   o  HTHE two 'principal reasons  ti why you should buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are.:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  iBACON  HAMS  ADVERTISE IN THE  "COURIER"   ���������mwm    m    ,,,  Settlers, Prospedors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mosl suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  OgfilvieY  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag? now  From  EGGS  and.keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Proviaioncrs  Calgary     Vancouver-   Edmonton  Paints -   Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods -Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C.  rowBiui  -���������c^-v  -w irr'-A'jr^-^T^arrifKW^^^^tt^^^^ .,.,..���������.,.,..,.,���������,....


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