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Bella Coola Courier Dec 25, 1915

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 fci'V  'if- you want good sport  VISIT BELLA COOLA.   EXCELLENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR NOVEMBER.  Compiled  by  Mr. C. H. Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 39.    Minimum, 25.  Highest Max. (3rd) 48.   Lowest Min. (12th) 17  Rainfall, 8.44 inches.     Snow, 4 inches.  .VOL 4-NO. 11  BELLA COOLA, B.C., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 25,  1915,  $1.00 a Year  I Russians Capture  Bulgarian Port  London, Dec. 22.���������Special despatch early this morning to the  Daily Chronicle reports the cap-  lure of Varna, the chief port,of  [Bulgaria in  the  Black Sea, by  the Russians.    It says the bombardment by the Russians silen-  jcedthe Bulgarian guns, the gar-  irlson suffering   heavily.      The  ('Russians then-, according to the  report, landed infantry and ar-  jtillery without loss and in suf-  [ ficient force to  hold   the town  ''��������� against Bulgarian attacks.  French Successful on  Western Front  Paris, Dec. 22.���������Official communication. In the Vosges, at  Hartmann Weilerkopf, a strong  attack by our troops, delivered  after an artillery preparation,  permitted us to occupy an important part of the enemy's  works and to make prisoners.  Krupp's Constantinople  Works Destroyed  Copenhagen, Dec. 22.--The  National Tidende prints a statement of a Dane from Constantinople that the Krupp works  outside of that city has been destroyed by bombs dropped by  British airmen.  McBride and Young  Leave the Cabinet  Bowser at the Helm  Aviators Cause Panic  Petrograd, Dec. 22.���������Official  communication. "Our aviators  successfully bombarded the rear  approaches of the enemy's positions in the Godutzpchki-Komag  region east of Svientziany, causing a panic among the convoys.  On the Galician front at Novo  Alexiniech, Buczacz and southeast of Zaliechtchiki the enemy  attempted to pass to the offensive with small detachments, but  all his attempts were frustrated  by our fire.  Vancouver, Dec. 15���������The resignation of Premier McBride and  the reconstruction of the cabinet  under the Hen. W. J. Bowser,  was announced at three o'clock  this afternoon.  Sir Richard McBride, who celebrates his forty-fifth birthday today, retires to London, England,  as agent-general for British Columbia.  Dr. H. E. Young,  minister of  education, retires from the cabinet to become chairman of the  British Columbia commission for  the welfare of returned soldiers.  The new cabinet will  consist,  of W. J. Bowser, premier and attorney-general; Thomas Taylor,  minister of education and provincial  secretary;  W.   R.  Ross,  minister of  forests  and  lands;  Lome Campbell, Rossland, minister of mines;   C.   E. Tisdall,  Vancouver,   minister   of   public  works; A.  C. Flumerfelt, Victoria, minister of agriculture and  finance; William Manson, Skeena,  president of the council.  By-elections will be necessary  in Victoria, Vancouver, Rossland,  and New Westminster. No By-  election will be required in Skeena  as there is no salary attached to  William Manson's post.  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  S. S. Camosun, instead of arriving on schedule time Friday  afternoon, came lagging into  port Monday about 3 p. m. Mr.  Martin Nygaard and family came  in from Kimsquit to spend Xmas  holidays among relatives and  friends here.  The outgoing passengers were:  Miss Blanche Balkwill, Miss K.  Hallowes, Miss Read and Alfred  Oveson.   Miss Hallowes and Miss Balk-  will, the popular teachers of  Hagensborg and Mackenzie  schools, will return after enjoying the holiday vacation with  friends in the south.  Alfred Oveson has heard his  country's call to arms and is  a way. to enlist for the war. More  will follow after the holidays.  A telegram has been received  by Rev. Gibson to the effect that  a doctor will be en board the  next southbound steamer and  that anyone desiring to enlist  can then obtain medical examination by meeting the steamer at  the<.wharf on its arrival.  Russians Occupy Kum  After Heavy Fighting  London, Dec. 22.���������It is announced from Teheran, according to a despatch received here  from Petrograd semi-official news  agency, that the Russians have  occupied the town of Kum, 80  miles southwest of Teheran, after a great battle in which the  opposing forces where completely defeated.  Kaiser Is In III Health  London, Dec. 22.���������The Kaiser  is in ill health and is no longer  directing the military operations,  according to Berlin advices to the  Exchange Telegram Co. The despatch states that the Emperor  recently has become morose and  silent, and his changed demeanor  has given his physicians cause  for grave anxiety.  Liberal Will Contest  All By-Elections  Vancouver, Dec. 17.���������At a conference here last night, the Liberal leaders decided to call a convention to select candidates to  contest all by-eleclions.  It is expected that the by-elections will be held during the last  week of January. The house  will probably meet on February  20th, when a six weeks' session  will be held, after which a general election will be announced  to take place in the first week of  May.  It is expected that Bowser will  offer to shorten the hours during  which liquor can be sold in the  province; will propose to guarantee bonds to provide a fleet of  lumber carriers, and will bring  down a Workmen's Compensation Act.  It is rumored in well informed  circles that the general election  is fixed for April 1.  H. G. Anderson, the secretary  of the hospital board, is to be  congratulated on his success in  obtaining from the government  a cheque for $200 in aid of the  hospital.   NOTICE  THE BELLA COOLA BRIDGE  (the old bridge between 4 and  5 mile posts on main road) has  been declared to be dangerous  for traffic, and will therefore  be closed until further notice.  By order,  R. O. Jennings,  Road Superintendent.  Bella Coola, B. C,  December 21, 1915.  There will be a number of entertainments and meetings in  the valley between now and the  New Year. We shall try to enumerate them all although it is  very likely we may miss some:  A Christmas tree and program  will be given at the Lower Bella  Coola school on Wednesday 29th.  On Monday evening a similar  entertainment will be held at the  Hagensborg Church.  The Sunday School of the town  will have its Christmas tree and  program at the Mackenzie school  on Tuesday evening.  Tomorrow the regular Sunday  service at the Mackenzie school  will be conducted by Rev. W. H.  Gibson. A Christmas sermon  will be preached and good singing will be a feature|of the meeting.  The Young People's Missionary Society of the Lutheran  Church will see the old year out  and the new year in at the church  on New Year's Eve.  Rev. H. Sageng wrll conduct  the forenoon service at the Lower  Bella Coola school tomorrow.  A special service will be held  in the Mackenzie school at 11 a.  m. on Christmas Day. Mr. W.  Barlow will preside. A cordial  invitation is extended to all.  Christmas guests from abroad  have begun to arrive. Last Tuesday, Arthur Hallett and George  Seely, from Namu, Ivan Esten-  son, Wm. Gorden, Mr. and Mrs.  Farmers' Institute.  The annual meeting of the local  Farmer's Institute met at the  Colony Hall on Monday last at  2:30 p. m.  The gavel was wielded by the  president, T. P. Saugstad, and  the pencil run by Albert Hammer  the secretary-treasurer. The attendance was not as large as last  year, numbering 44 as compared  to 120 last year, but it is safe to  say that the smaller attendance  of this year represented and  worked for the interest of the  valley in a better manner and to  greater advantage than the great  meeting of last year.  The minutes of the last annual  meeting were read and approved.  It seems that on account of the  friction engendered at the annual  meeting of last year no meeting  had been held since.  The president's report followed. It contained a forecast on  what the farmers of the place  should concentrate their efforts  during the ensuing year. The  clearing of the land in the most  efficient and economical way was  the work that should be prosecuted. Great interest was shown  in the matter and a general discussion followed; different meth-  were proposed; but no definite  result was reached; It was decided to devote more time to the  subject at the next meeting.  The secretary read his report,  which was found satisfactory  from a financial point of view;  the treasury showing an amount  on hand of $64.30 ���������.  The election of officers followed  with the following results: T. P.  Saugstad, president; J. Widsten,  vice-president; A. Hammer, sec-  treasurer; S. Le C. Grant, O. J.  Lokken, J. Jorgenson, O. J. Nygaard and H. Haakenson, directors.  A. Hammer was elected delegate to attend theannual session  of the Central Farmers' Institute, which meets during the  next session of the legislature at  Victoria.  The meeting adjourned with  the understanding that another  meeting be held on the return of  the delegate from the Central  Farmers' Institute.  A Grand Concert.  The concert in aid of the hospital which was announced to be  held at the Hotel Hall had, at a  late moment, to be transferred  to the Mackenzie schoolhouse on  account of a lack of seats. As a  consequence when the people  from far and near gathered at  the appointed hour on Saturday  evening it was not long before  standing room was at a premium  and some of the young men had  to content themselves by remaining in tne hall and peek in at the  happy and contented faces on  the inside. The fame of the concert had trone before it, and al-  who heard the thunderous applauses given as the performers  acquitted themselves of their  several tasks.  It is not too much to say that  the entertainment was the most  elaborate and from a musical  point of view the most pretentious and successful that has  been held in Bella Coola. Neither  is it too much to assume that the  memory of it will remain longer  than is usually the case of such  occasions.  It is not within the scope of  this article to call attention to  the fine performance of each item  on the program; it shall only be  mentioned that the drawing for  the dulcitone donated by Dr.  Sutherland was one of the features and resulted in H. Grainger  being declared the winner.  The concert was presided over  by Rev. W. H. Gibson, and the  program was as follows:  Selection. .Bella Coola Orchestra  Mr. and Mrs. T. P. Saugstad,  Iver and John Nygaard and  Louis Svisdal.  Chorus ... "Canada for Empire"  Addie, Mildred, Phyllis and  Janet Gibson, Marjorie  and Dorothy Clayton.  Mandolin solo "College Medley"  Mr. H. Sutherland.  Song...  "The Old Soldier"  Mr. H. G. Anderson.  Song "Norway"  Mrs. B. F, Jacobsen, Mrs. P. G.  Noot and Miss E. Thorsen.  Violin solo.. "The Cats Parade"  Mr. T. P. Saugstad.  Recitation  'Little Orphan Annie'  Miss Bertha MacDonald.  Song  ���������.,,   Miss Marjorie Clayton.  Comic recitation    Mr. R. Teebay.  Quartette   Mr. and Mrs. G. Saugstad,  Mrs. F. Broughton and  the Misses Anna and  Ruth Nordschow.  Interval and raffle for dulcitone.  Selection   Chorus... "Indian Cradle Song"  Misses Clayton and Gibson.  Song ...."Thora"  Mr. H. G. Anderson.  Song   Mrs. Jacobsen and Mrs. Noot.  Piano solo   Dr. Sutherland.  Song   Miss Ruth Nordschow.  Mandolin solo "The Blue River"  Mr. H. Sutherland.  Comic sketch   Messrs. J. W. MacDonald, L.  Svisdal, F. Hendricks and  R. Teebay.  Quartette   Mr. and Mrs. G. Saugstad, Mrs.  F. Broughton and the Misses  Nordschow.  Selection   Bella Coola Orchestra.  National Anthem.  At the close a unanimous vote j  of thanks to the performers was  passed. The receipts were: collection $24, tickets sold for the  drawing of the dulcitone $44.  total $68. Too much credit cannot be given to Mr. and Mrs. W.  Sutherland for their unwearied  efforts in getting up the concert  and for its unqualified success.  For Your Xmas  wants come to  e store  that stocks only  the very best  pples, Oranges,  ananas  Candy of aSS hind  flALAGASandALMIRE  GRAPES  Fancy Table Raisins  BUTTER, CHEESE  S  STOCK FISH  **-T " ''��������� ���������-���������--"���������������������������  A large assortment  of Fancy Goods,  Doll and Toys  of all kinds suitable  for  Christmas Presents  Phone in your orders  SHOP EARLY  Wm. Wood, Chas. Wood, Fred j though Dame Nature put on a  Covey and John Nelson of South most frowning face, it did not  Bentink, arrived. | keep  the  people   from   attend-  We arc glad to welcome them ; ing.    And that they did not re-  among us and that they may find gret  defying the   storm   to  be  the  enjoyment   they  anticipate  is our earnest wish.  present   was   made   absolutely  certain to anyone within a mile  Ollutrrh Nuttr*  Sunday School  Church Service  10:45 a. m.  7 : 30 p. m.  Preacher for Sunday-  W. H. Gibson.  Rt  AS THE COURIER  will not be published the last week  in this year we take this opportunity of advising those of its readers  who are not among our customers  to start the New Year right by  dealing strictly at  THE STORE  That Gives Value for  Your Money  Rev.   T.  C.   Colwell, B. A..  Pastor ft    i.  P   I  If   I  Si     fi  II"  I"-  B!   ,'l  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  Saturday, fbecernher 25,   /g)5  The Courier  i  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  -l'Year $1.00  G Months       0.7S  3 Months    0.50  United States  1 Year $1.50  - r United Kingdom  1 Year....'.,...- $1.00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers' not receiving their copy-  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent, in as soon as possible.  For Advertising Rates,  Apply at  *       - Office.'  To Correspondents��������� While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the  name and address of every writer of such letters  must-be given to the editor.  ' The Editor reserves the right to refuse publication of any letter.    All manuscript at writer's  .   risk. ���������- i  Vancouver Office - - 317-323 Carabie St  '&.autH piijwti fltrjirrma est lex."  SATURDAY,  DEC. 25, 1915.  YTfE.'beg to remind our readers that the Courier having 'completed  its third year  .the 'subscriptions   of !all;our  early subscribers are now dup.  for renewal:   .-'���������".  /���������.The management wishes to  thank our numerous readers  for their support during the  past and-%trusts to a continuance of the same in.the future.  The subscription rate remains at $1  per, year, payable strictly in advance.  (Uter Qlfyrtetmas (Smttttg.  3jN conformity with time-honored  custom we extend to our readers  , -A Merry Christmas.  But the salutation does not seem  to be exactly appropriate under  1 .the conditions we find the world  .   at present- If our hearts respond  .. * in sympathy with the great dis-  / tress 'of the war it is impossible  to be "merry now.    Then let us  at this the anniversary of the  coming" of. the Prince of Peace  into the world lift our thoughts  from our sorrow, and dwell on  His mission to'< bring "Peace on  earth  and   good   will   towards  men."   It seems, however, His  mission has not been a success.  His friend John  said of Him;  "He came to His own, but His  own "received Him not," and that  is seemingly true yet.  After a'lapse of nineteen hundred years" the world has not received Hi.m.   Even the so-called  Christian;; nations have not submitted their conduct to His laws  'or His rule, and therefore there  is war.   It is to punish the insubordinate subjects and to bring  -��������� them unto subjection to His law s  that the^ war is being waged.  There will be no permanent peace  upon earth until the' dominion of  the  Prince of Peace be recognized and submitted to.  But even if the nations as such  are not ready to recognize Him  and yield.Him allegiance, the individuals .-jmay do so, "For as  many as received Him gave He  power to become the sons of  God," and to all these will He  grant that'.peace which has been  said to pass understanding.  ���������And with the wish that this  superb peace may become a fact  in the lives-of our readers the  Courier brings its greetings.  In order to; give the members  of, the staff of the. Courier an  opportunity to enjoy the many  events taking place during the  week between Christmas and  New Year, they will now take a  week's vacation and consequently this is the last issue of the"  year.  It is with grateful recognition  of a loyal support from oar comparatively many readers that we  extend to all of them the greeting  of A Happy New Year.  We hope and trust that the  New Year will bring a happy  change.^ not,only to us in this remote part of the British Empire,  but also ��������� to it as a whole and to  the world at large.  Our hopes and greetings for a  happy new year may not carry  with them any essential portion  of Happiness' to the individuals  thus addressed;   but under all  circumstances it is good to be  assured, of the friendship and  sympathetic concern of our fel-  low7men.    It gives comfort and  strength in our every day struggles and may be a help to keepj  up our courage, and give perseverance  and  strength  in  some  hard task we have to perform 01  trial, to endure.  ���������But our surest foundation for  true happiness is found within  ourselves. It is derived from  character and is riot so .much dependant on our surroundings as  we generally suppose. ��������� ���������  It is possible to be unhappy  when surrounded by every comfort money can buy and brain  devise. Oh the other, hand -we  have heard of people being happy  even in prison and under other  equally adverse :circumstances.  It is strange that after so many  years, humanity at large has not  DECLINE SUBSTITUTES  9mvsimmvXBfMMM9^xsmijnmM*niMaamMrWKSVirrskKwaat<j  .ess worthy, that will deprive it  of the place which it holds by  right because of its high character. And, therefore, we conclude that it depends in the last  instance upon our own attitude  whether the year coming will be  to us a happy New Year.  The News-Advertiser  Criticised.  As wasjto be expected the press  that supports the McBride administration in its recklessness  of expenditures even during, this  trying time, would also support  it in its absurd and unprecedented.stand in regard to the submission   of  Prohibition   to the  voters of the province.    Listen  to the aberrations of the News  Advertiser on this proposition:  "Which is the more democratic  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd  VANCOUVER, B. C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  -     "MADE    IN    B. cT"  Send for Catalogue Prompt Attention Given Letter Ord  predecessors have built up a  great and strong Empire. At  this time it is engaged in a terrible conflict for the purpose of  preserving that which is of more  value than mere wealth and prosperity. We have for a long time  enjoyed   freedom,   honor   a n d the proposition that the people  great achievements  under that shall be 'allowed.-to say whether  dear flag which waves in every  breeze,  upon every sea and in  many  lands.     But there  lurks  danger in this vast power and  the great responsibilities-of which  we are possessed.  This is the danger/and it is not  learned in.what direction to look  imaginary, that, in^the confidence  we feel in our strength, power  and many other things, we grow  over-confident and proud.   There  is also the danger that we-love  power .for its-own' sake.,   We  may or maynotbe "conscious of  these sins, 'but if they do exist,  sins they are, and will be dealt  with as >uch by One who is no  respecter of persons.    He has  entrusted our nation with great  responsibilites and has equipped  it with every facility'for carrying them 'out.    But if we fail,  they want total prohibition or  not, or the proposition that they  shall only be allowed to say  whether they want the Alberta  Act or not? "  It is necessarjr in this case that  the people define to the legisla  Gault Brothers Limited  WHOLESALE T>RY GOODS  361 Water Street        Vancouver, B.C.  <& Gault Brothers for over 60 years haoe successfully)  maintained wholesale warehouses throughout Canada  ^ The Vancouoer stock is the largest and best assorted  stock ������n the Coast, in some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES  SMALLWARES  RIBBONS  Ready-to-Wear ���������  MEN'S FURNISHINCS  House Furnishings  CARPETS  LINENS  DRESS GOODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  for the thing most sought after.  our povver wil1 be stripped from  Our character should   be our |us and vve must take our Place in  a less elevated position.  most important asset; our, source  of greatestwealth; as it is a thing  that abides when all beside passes away. It endures through  death and into eternity.  Therefore in wishing our readers a happy new year, we at the  same time also wish that they  may be worthy of the happiness  we would like to see them enjoy.  Any blessing of which we do not  prove ourselves worthy will be  taken away from us.  And in this respect what is true  of individuals is   also   true   of  Our Empire in order to maintain its 'place as leader among  the nations of the world must  not use its power for self-glorification and self-aggrandizement,  but clothe itself with humility,  be willing to assume the position  of servant, which is the true  position to take in order to be  great.  A nation that is willing to use  its intellect, its wealth, its power and prestige to such end may  rest assured   that   there is  no  ture just what they want, and  for this reason the prohibitionists who understand this_problem  just as well and very likely a  great deal better than theSolons  that "assemble in-Victoria, say  they  want the  "Alberta Act"  enacted into law, and not some  unworkable conglomeration concocted by enemies of prohibition  which   may   be   elected to the  legislature.    The prohibitionists  have no guarantee, at this time,  that the men elected will be in  favor of prohibition and to en-  trust opponents of the measure  to draw up and adopt a practical  act would be about as sensible as  for the United, States', after the  Civil war, to entrust the-former  slave owners with the responsibility of giving the emancipated  slaves the rights which had been  gained  for them   by the great  conflict.  If this question of prohibition  is to be kept out of partisan politics the position  taken  by the  prohibitionists is the correct one I  and the only one; but if, on- the  measure must be elected and if  they are successful in electing a  majority, then the legislature can  be entrusted to enact the law,  .but not otherwise.  The demand of the prohibitionists that the Alberta Act be submitted is just as democratic as is  the custom of permitting voters  only the choice of two candidates  in an election for some office.  Again we quote from the same  source:  "Which is the more democratic, to allow the people who vote  for or against total prohibition,  to give also their opinion on an-  nother question such as the Sas-  enacting a prohibition statute.  In our last issue we presented  evidence   that   our   provincial  statesmen   consider  themselves  of such eminence, that they need  not profit by the experience or  example of   other statesmen.  And here is more evidence in the  same direction.    We would ask:  Is there among any of the self-  governing peoples of the world,  where the question of prohibition  has been submitted to a popular  vote,   one or more   which  has  thought it practical to submit it  in the manner* proposed by our  government?  We say no! and  we further  katchewan method of banishing)say thkt those wh6 advocate thi  other hand, it is to be a party  measure then the prohibitionists  the bar, or to refuse them that  privilege?"  We have replied to this argument in a former issue and tried  to show the dishonesty of the  contention made in this instance,  that the submission of a variety  of questions on the one issue will  have the effect of confusing the  voters and result in that no one  question receives a majority,  thus giving the friends of the  nations.     Our forefathers and'power or combination of powers I must see to it that friends of the  is  bran new mode know that our  government is not honest in proposing it. "Whom the gods wish  to destroy they first make mad."  OOOOO  A New Year's Resolution.  It is regrettable that war and  winter combined makes for great  distress among so great a number  of people. Christmas time should  remind * those more fortunate  that they have a duty to perform  liquor traffic an excuse for not'towards their less happy fellow-  LARINE  v<->.CM  y?  The Best Known and  Popular Lubricant for  Motor Boats  Its use assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or In cylinders  SMPERfAL OIL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B.C  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE .PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY^  ID  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT AND PASSENGER SERVICE  BETWEEN  Vancouver, Bella Coola and Prince Rupert  S. S. "CAMOSUNV-..  Leaves Bella Coola for Prince Rupert at 6 p. m. Thursday Sept. 30; Oct. 14, 28; Nov. 11, 25; Dec. 9, 23.  Leaves Bella Coola for Vancouver at 10 p. m. Friday  Oct. 8, 22; Nov. 5, 19; Dec. 3, 17, 31.  S. S. "Coquitlam" or S. S. "Gapilano" sailing  from Vancouver every week, carrying Gasoline and  Explosives, will call at Bella Coola by arrangement.  Uv.F,nrr?atea of Fights, Farea and other information, aPP'V to  ���������������������V 9ZIC^> Cakrall St., Vancouver or Geo. McGregor,  afctnt,  1003 Government St., Victoria.  } 9 (  0  j.rw*'"'"'*  smss^m^emr^vf^Mmm^ -: ��������� - -- ���������  -'"''-' '������������������������������������������������������'"���������   '���������   ���������'���������'--���������'������������������-���������-������������������������������������-���������:-������������������*���������������������������������������������      ������������������������������������  i  I. .. ... ���������.'Mff'f^'"-f " 9)5 fa Saturday, ^December 25,  1915  BELLA C06LA COURIER  [.^n, which' cannot  be shirked { nearly everybody, with those of  Without .injury   both   to  them-! large families and those of small  Lives and those whose suffer-j families.   It is present with those  fjpgsshould be relieved.   We feel, j of small incomes and  those of  |lordinarily, that we have nothing; larger incomes, and it is felt just  pspare, that what we do possess ! as keenly in one case as in the  lannot  be   deviated   from   our | other.    In the face of this diffi-  Iseemingly realtypressing needs, jculty which seems almost impos-  ||;T.his trouble is  present witlrsible to overcome, the responsi-  '^7y?:7---^;i>-i'->.;T.. ���������-���������r.- ������������������������������������-..:..-���������,'.. ������������������--.  l^pfe^Mi*.^"':,^.-;"���������''>.':' v.-  %$:$���������������&������ ^'"**%V'r *i*  A few lines We specially  recommend  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ���������Biscuits  Griffen & Skelleys  famous gold and  sUverbar���������-  Canned and dried  fruits  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers    < Vancouver, B. C.  WTW ^w^ii^ Hii WWli li  f  V.  J.W.Peck&Co.Ltd.  Manufacturers of  CLOTHING/SHIRTS,  CAPS and OVERALLS  ���������We carry a complete stock of Men's Furnishings'  and all the best English  and American   Hats  JOHN W. PECK & CO., LTD.  MONTREAL       WINNIPEG       VANCOUVER  I  J  bility to "do our bit" stares us  in the face and will not down.  The only way to meet it is that  we make radical changes in both  our habits and style of living.  We all have adjusted our mode of  living to our usual income, and  in time has become a fixed habit.  Our habits have become more  and more expensive as the years  have been passing, until now we  find that it costs greatly more to  live than it did our forefathers.  The unprecedented conditions  brought upon us by the war will  make it imperative that everybody re-adjust their style of  living on more economical lines,  in order that we may be able to  take a larger share of the increasing public burdens.  We cannot make a forecast of  what.the conditions actually will  be in the near future; but it  seems safe to predict that we all  must make sacrifices to repair  the losses and alleviate the sufferings caused by the war.  Therefore, let the resolutions  we make for the new year include a strict economy in our  mode of living, that we may be  able to save as much as possible,  and that the savings be used for  patriotic and humanitarian purposes.  The Finer Feelings Still Prevail.  The friendliness, in many cases  amounting to affection, that exists between the officers of all  ranks and the men in the French  army, has been commented on  by all observers. The following  report illustrates this feeling.  A certain general had to distribute Military Crosses for valor  to some of his corps, and amongst  the men was an adjutant whose  arm had been amputated. When  he heard that his decoration was  to be given to him by the general  himself, before all the troops in  the cantonment he cried: "If  only my old mother could be here  to see! "    Somebody standing by  repeated  this  to  General ,  who, however, made no remark,  but continued writing his letters.  When the great day arrived the  garrison was drawn up, and the  band was playing, when it was  noticed by those who were near  the flag-bearer that an old lady  was placed just behind the front  row close to the general.   As the  heroes were called up their comrades cheered each one, till the  turn of the one-armed adjutant  was called.    After pinning the  cross on his breast the general  embraced him, and in response  to a signal the flag was swept on  one side.    Then as if  from its  folds there stepped the old mother to fold her son in her arms.  It  was   a   moment   of   intense  emotion, and tears coursed down  the faces of many of the men  who   for   months  had   braved  hardships and sufferings without  (finch ing.  CANADIAN LIBERAL MONTHLY.  Anvone who desires to keep  abreast of the political situation  must keep posted and to do that  both sides of any question must  be examined. The Liberal party  of Canada will furnish the Liberal Monthly for 25 cents per  year.  This magazine gives a synopsis  of the political events as they  o.ccur each month from a Liberal  standpoint. It is of the usual  magazine size and con tains twelve  pages of reading matter.  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  POAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  ^ Manitoba. Saskatchewan and Albekta.  the YukonTewutorv, the North-west Tekki-  TOitiES and in a portion of the- Pkovinck of  liniTiSH Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years ut an annual, rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2.5C0 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Airent or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or lexa! subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for .shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of %T, which will be refunded if the rights  , applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable out-  putof the mine al the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Airent with sworn ret urns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.W) an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Atfent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. li.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������ftucyo.  BUSINESS CARDS  Geoffkey K. Buknett   D.J. McGugan  C.E,. B.C.L.K.. B.A.S.C. B.C.L.S.,  ASS. M. CAN. SCC. C.E.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geoffrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & Burnett)  CIVIL ENGINEERS'and     >���������  B. C. LAND SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B. C.  City address���������New Westminster, B.C.  i\ O. Box 88G. Telephone 2Z2.  1 he.Mason CTixisch Piano  of to-day will mal^e plain our  prioilege to state with authority:  "NO   FINER   PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  Let us attend  your Victor Record  -"  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  |  ni$iT{V?&������'~  fc<4*.<������k������^i~  hoe  Fur Sales Agency  ���������dnrMi-ijgrOT  600 dealers and trappers of B. C.  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Seles Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 2<>  of the biggest fur buyers in "the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest markei  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance^ per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  ~ ~in\  )|  fo  cfirnij-jr .Tcnv* r-jt ran*u. x*.  Dealers and Trappers  We pa j' highest price for  your furs and cas tori urn,  also handle goods on  commission, advancing  2-3 of value, our charges  being 5 per cent, for  handling.  THE EDMONTON HIDE & FUR CO.  P. O. Box 863  EDMONTON, Alta.  157 McDougall Ave.  \317HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \X7HAT person so independent?  \]&7HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coila  farmers are  independent)  they are strangers to hard times.  HTHE REASONS for this enviable cendi-  ���������*��������� tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The.land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  en the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  Get"MorcMoneyM for your FoxcS  Muskrat. White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in your section  SHIP YOl'lt Fl'IJS DIUECT to "SII L'HEiiT" the Jargcsl  house In Ihe World dealing exclusively In NORTH AMUMCAN RAW FUICS  a reliable���������responsible���������siu'c Fur House with an unblemished reputation existing for "more than a third or'.a century." a. lontrsuc-  oessfut record of sending Fur.Shippers prompt. SATISFACTORY  AND FROFITAIILF. returns. Write tor tFljt feUubrrt &bUJP:r.  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  Write for it���������NOW���������if������ FREE  A. B. SHUBERT, Inc. ^"west Austinf ave  U'h free  ���������27 WEST J  pt.C 67 CHICAGO. U.S.A.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions  Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  ���������-���������- kj__xi-U���������_u_LmitiKjiiit -iinrn   ���������  ' ' -'���������"--"���������'Mi���������H���������1������3���������f���������'e,3x:'gt  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO.,  LTD.  BELLA COOLA,  B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. 0   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed BELLA   COOLA COURIER  Saturday, 'Decerhher 25,  /9 J  {Hd  iOE  n  ourier  19  ���������*���������*.-  ONE DOLLAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coasl between -Vancouver and  Prince: Rupert.  -A distance of six hundred miles.  It will be to your interest to keep well informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the time to keep  your 'jname before the  public. No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the op-  portunity of increased  sales'that public advertisings brings.  "DEAL ESTATE booms''in'tne  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. -The North-West  Coast of .British. Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is<no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  Planning for Next Summer.  The. winter is the time when  the farmer should plan for,the  crops to be raised the summer  following.      He   should   decide  which crops would be most suitable for his soil and the climatic  conditions, and which would be  the most profitable to raise.   He  should also bear in mind that he  must so conduct his farming that  the soil be not impoverished, but  rather that it be made' to increase  in fertility thelonger it is "used.  This is not as hard as it may seem  at first.    It has been found that  by a judicious rotation of crops,  the plowing under of some legu-  mionous crop and the application  of barnyard manure the soil will  be brought to a high state of fertility.' ���������  When Mr. 0. H. English, soil  and crop instructor, visited the  valley in the autumn he obtained  as good and comprehensive view  of the possibilites of the place  as. any scientific agriculturist  who has ever visited -the place.  He came to the conclusion, which  he expressed in a meeting al  Hagensborg, thatdairyingshould  be the main pursuit of the farmers in this locality.        ���������  " .  We now .copy- from ah excels  lent.book issued by the Dominion  Department of Agriculture on  "Milk Production in Canada,"  an. extract on crops and crop  rotation in British Columbia:  CROPS TO GROW.  It is important to -so handle  the farm as to provide the cheapest supply of the most suitable  feeds   the.year round.    This  't r -  means^plenty of succulent forage  from January 3 to December 31.  It- should also include plenty of  clover or some suitable substitute. As to grain crops [advisable, a mixture of oats, "peas,  and barley would probably give  best results.  Succulent forage might be  either ensilage or roots. Inmost  parts of Canada, Indian corn is  the most suitable crop for ensilage, but clover, alfalfa, and a  variety of other crops give good  results. Where roots can be  grown to better advantage than  corn, turnips, mangels, or sugar  beets may be used, mangels and  likely  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of  Toronto. Let us quote you.  KYDD BROS., LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  DUILD^UP YOUR HOME  *~ TOWN?:- ;Do; hot talk���������support home -industries ��������� talk is  icheap." - The "best. way to show  that you. are in earnest is. to  practise it.  ';   Support the ' 'Courier'' and you  are doing something for yourself j  and your community.  The Courier  $1 a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  /  0 d  HTHE two principal reasons  why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none ^better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  If fc 1 ITTY  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisioned  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  sugar beets being the sorts  to give best results.  ROTATIONS.  To produce these feeds in right'  proportion and at the same time  maintain orincrease the fertility  of the soil, a short rotation is  necessary. In British Columbia,  rotations of three and'four years  will be found best.  A good three-year rotation is  as follows:  1st year. Corn, roots', potatoes  or peas. Spring'plowed for corn,  summer plowed for roots, manured in "either case.  2nd year. Cereals such as oats  or wheat. 61 bs. red clover, 9 lbs.  alsike, 7 lbs. alfalfa, 6 lbs. timothy per acre.  3rd year.- Hay or part hay and  part pasture, followed.by corn,  etc., the next year.  A good four-year rotation is as  follows:  1st year. Corn, roots, potatoes  or peas. Land plowed for roots,  potatoes'Or peas early preceding  fall. . Corn land plowed spring,  Corn, root, and potato land manured.  .. -2nd year. . Grain, mixture,  peas 1 bus., barley, 1 bus., oats,  2 bus., sown at rate.of 3 bus.  per acre. * Seeded down with red  clover, 6 lbs., alsike,"2 lbs., alfal  fa, 7 or 8 lbs., and timothy, 6  lbs. per aci-e.  3rd year. Part pasture, part  hay or hay cut early and pasture  part of aftermath. Cut two crops  of hay off part of area.  4th year. Hay and pasture.  Part intended for roots, potatoes  or peas to. be plowed <-arly in  August, rolled, disced and cultivated. Corn area plowed next  spring. Manure applied as convenient during summer, winter  and spring preparatory to corn  and other hoed crop.  A Farmer's Enjoyable Calling.  The farmer has a calling which  has enjoyments equal if not superior to those of, any other, that  is, if he has the requisite knowledge to pursue it successfully.  And at this time, with all the information on the subject available, and ah intelligent and energetic application of it, any farmer  should be able to score a success.  It is eftjoyable to see the soil  and crops respond to cultivation;  to breed good stock and to care  for them, it is a pleasure to drive  behind a spanking team, yes it is  a pleasure of which one who has  not tried it has no conception; to  fall, trees and clear, the land.  Farming is not a dull routine,  the different seasons bring different tasks.  A decided economy in fuel consumption is  effectecLby using nickelled steel in  <R&n$G  oven. It attracts and holds (he  neat far better than most oven  materials. See the McClary dealer. 63  BFtAIDS  Best  Ceylon  ���������:.��������� PACKED     :BY.-   ���������  WM. BRAID   8= CO.  TEA      IMPORTERS  VANCOUVER,     a. C. .  Order that pound  of BRAID'S BEST  Tea now. Packed  in handsome 1, 3,  and 5 lb. tins.  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  Ogilvie's  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  From  ���������ALL GOOD GROCERS.  IT'S  CANADA'S  BEST FLOUR  1  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA GOOLA IN 1895.  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP, HEATING AND GOOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    ������  Tents-Pack and  addle  Settlers, Prospedors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mosl suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptk  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all so|  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stocl  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO, BELLA COOLA, B.  warn  fffi^ffiffiffi ^^^j^if.^-^ ^.���������. ,t ���������.._.,.  Era

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