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Bella Coola Courier 1914-12-19

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 '14  IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCEL-  LENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR NOVEMBER  Compiled   by  Mr.  C. H. Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 4*1.    Minimum 33.  Rainfall, 4.59 indies.  VOL. 3���������NO. 11  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1914.  $1.00 a Year  erman warships  Summary of News from Seat of War  C?f  4  Monday. Statement from Russian, commander-in-chief says: "In  direction of Mlwa the Germans kept up a strong offensive'  throughout the day and night of the tenth but were repulsed.  Our troops took offensive and pursued German columns which  in some places retreated in disorder. North of Lowicz, enemy  made some fierce attaks on the nights of the ninth and tenth  but were repulsed with'enormous loss. South of Cracow we  continue offensive with success. Here we captured several guns  and 2000 prisoners."  Dispatch from Northern France states: Along the whole front  the Germans are showing signs of discomfort.   The Allies lines  are being gradually pressed forward.    Slowly but surely an un-  V yielding wedge is being driven into the heart of Belgium.    The  air is full of rumors of Allies' victories and German retirement.  General opinion is that Allies will begin definite operations within a short time and their passage across West Flanders is likely  to be swift.    Enemy plans to make great stand before Brussels.  On December 10, on north and west fronts Servians continued  pursuit of enemy and occupied Baina Baista. Rogatchitza and  Kamenitza.      In direction of Belgrade enemy's attacks have  been unsuccessful.    On December 11, Servians took as prisoners  seven officers and 4740 men.  'uesday.    In Belgium, several attacks by the French have resulted  in progress along Ypres canal and "to west of Hollebeke.   Violent  counter attacks were successfully repulsed.  Servians after a fierce battle have reoccupied Belgrade according to Nish despatch to Reuters.  Despatch from Buenos Ayres says that theminisiter of marine  has been informed that two British warships have entered the  Jj&Straits'.of Magellan in pursuit of the German cruiser Dresden  T'^which has taken refuge at Puerita Arenis. The Dresden,which  * fs"badly damaged, will be allowed to make repairs but will be  compelled to sail immediately afterwards or else be interned.  Despatch from Athens says: "There is reason to believe that  Roumania will declare war on Austria before end of December."  t Wednesday. The official bureau issues the following announcement: "German movements of some importance are taking place  in the North Sea. Scarborough and Hartlepool were shelled  yesterday morning and our flotillas have at various points been  engaged. The situation is developing." A Hull despatch says  nine persons are reported to have been killed and a number injured in the bombardment of Hartlepool by German cruisers on  Tuesday morning. The bornbardmentlasted twenty-five minutes.  The hostile vessels which took part in the operations are estimated from two to six, but never once were they clearly visible  The forts on the river Tees replied to the fire of the German  vessels. The damage to the town is considerable. One shell  hit a gas tank, setting it on fire. Reports are current in London  that two German cruisers have been sunk in the North Sea. Two  German cruisers also bombarded the town of Whitby between  d and lOTuesday morning. A later official announcement states:  "The fortress-commander at West Hartlepool reports that German war vessels engaged that fortress between 8 and 9 Tuesday  morning. The enemy was driven off. A small German vessel  also opened fire on Scarborough and Whitby doing no damage  whatever."  After a period of comparative quiet, fighting in Northern  France has recommenced. A combined attack by the Allies was  made yesterday on the line from Hollebeke to Wythchaete in  Belgium. Several German trenches and a large number of  prisoners were captured and substantial progress was made.  The definite statement is made in Rotterdam that the Germans  have begun their retreat, falling back in Belgium toward a prepared line farther from the coast. Official confirmation was  lacking however.  Thursday. Official statement issued today states as follows:  "Three enemy's warships were sighted from Hartlepool at 8:15  1 Tuesday morning. They immediately commenced bombardment.  These ships appeard to be two battle-cruisers and one armored  cruiser. The land batteries replied. At 8:50 a. m. the firing  ceased and the enemy steamed away. None of our guns were  touched. One shell fell in Royal* Engineers' lines and several  in the lines of the Durham Light Infantry, killing seven men  and wounding fourteen. During bombardment, especially in  Hartlepool, the populace crowded into the streets and twenty-  two were killed and about fifty wounded. At the same time a  battle cruiser and an armored cruiser appeared off Scarborough,  firing about fifty shells causing considerable damage. Thirteen  casualties are reported here. At Whitby, two battle cruiser^  fired shots, doing damage to buildings, killing two persons and  wounding two."  Despatch from Paris says: "There has been slight progress  north-east of Nieuport to south-east of Ypres and along the railroad in direction of Labasse."  Vienna officially admits that the Austrian losses at the hands of  the Servians numbered over 100,000 killed and wounded.   Public  it  (jfogrttagH!  T  We take this opportunity of expressing our    hearty appreciation of  "      ~~   "     ' ==:    the loyal  support ex  tended to us by our readers and advertising patrons  during the year now drawing to a close.  The Courier looks forward with optimism to the  future of Bella Coola, and trusts that each of you  maybe generously benefitted by greater developments  and further business activities during the coming year.  We thank you for tho many evidences of your  friendship and extend to you all our cordial wishes for  ���������N  \,  rtBrnma  Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  LOCAL JOTTINGS  J)  Over One Hundred Killed in  Bombardment of English Ports  Berlin Report Says German Ships Slightly Damaged  London, Dec. 18.���������The latest official reports from Hartlepool  estimate the casualties of 'the raid by German warships on that  place as eighty-two killed and two hundred and fifty wounded. It  is feared that when the search of demolished buildings is completed the number of dead will exceed one hundred. At Scarborough twenty dead are reported to date, and at Whitby two  dead and twenty-four wounded.  Berlin, Dec. 18.���������It is officially reported that the German war  vessels engaged in the bombardment of Hartlepool, Scarborough,  and Whitby, were hit several times by the fire from the coast batteries but sustained only slight damage.  S.S. Chelohsin made her usual  weekly call at this port on Wednesday bringing a heavy consignment of Christmas goods for the  local merchants.  Mr. T. A. McGarrigle, B. A.,  the late teacher in charge of the  Mackenzie School left for Vancouver on Wednesday, His successor is to be Miss Kate Potts  from Grand Forks, who is expected to arrive in the course of a  week or two.  Miss Ethel Barwise, teacher at  the Hagensborg School, has also  resigned her position and left on  the last steamer for Vancouver  on her way to her home in Cheshire, England.  a  3! LD  D  Russians Pursue Germans Across Frontier  Egypt Becomes  British Protectorate  Petrograd, Dec. 18.���������The following statement from the headquarters of the Russian general  staff has been issued: "In the  direction of Mlawa our cavalry  and troops are energetically pursuing the beaten German forces.  Several of our corps have already  crossed the frontier.   During the  London, Dec. 18,���������The Secretary of State has given notice  that in view of the state of war  arising out of the action of Turkey, Egypt is placed under the  protection of his majesty and  will henceforth constitute a British protectorate. The suzerainty  of Turkey  over Egypt is thus  pursuit many prisoners and guns I terminated and the British gov-  have been captured, besides large; eminent will adopt all measures  quantities of war material. necessary   for   the   defence of  During the past week the gar- Egypt and the protection of its  rison at Przemysl has attempted inhabitants and interests  several sorties all of which were  repulsed, with heavy losses to  the enemy. During one of these  sorties we captured several hundred prisoners and machine guns.  A special service will be held  at the Mackenzie School on X'mas  morning, when Rev. T. C. Colwell will preach a special sermon.  Arrangements for the various  Christmas entertainments are  well in hand, the elates being set  as follows: Hagensborg, Saturday 26; Lower Bella Coola, Monday 28.  The annual-'entertainment at  the Indian Mission is billed for  Christmas Eve, when besides the  usual Santa 'Clans and Christmas  tree, a short magic-lantern entertainment will be given.  Gn New Year's Eve a concert  will be held at the Mission Church  when the choir will render some  beautiful selections, besides  which there will be other pleasing items by the school children  and others.  An invitation is extended to  everyone to attend both these  entertainments at the Mission.  *  On New Year's Eve a watch-  night service will be held at the  Mission Church at 11 p. m.  Just a Reminder  of the near approach  to the festive season  and our ability to supply the very best for  your Christmas table  anges  Don't wait, but order  at once your supply of  Apples  Bananas  Grape Fruit  Cran  Sweet  ernes  otatees  Candy of all kinds  Malagas and Almire  Grapes  Extra-Fancy  Table Raisins  Fancy Biscuits  Mutiny in the Turkish Fleet  German Cruiser  Reported Sunk  Petrograd, Dec. 18. ���������It is semiofficially announced that the  German armored cruiser Freid-  erick Carl has been sunk during  a recent sortie in the Baltic Sea.  Two-thirds of her crew are reported to have perished, less  than two hundred men  saved.  Athens, Dec. 18.-Mutiny has  broken out among the crews of  the Turkish fleet at Constantin-  jople, owing to the brutal conduct  of the German officers. At the  same time, owing to a similar  cause, there was a revolt in the  barracks at Stamboul. in which  two German officers were killed.  Fire at Skagway.  Skagway. More's wharf* with  all the warehouse buildings was  completely destroyed by fire on  Saturday. The loss is estimated  at $210,000, of which $('U,000 was  being!on the wharf and the remainder  'on the warehouse and contents.  sentiment in Berlin is strong against the  Austrian leaders, es  pecially Field-Marshal Potiorek, who eight days  from the Emperor a high decoration after te'egrai  Servians had  been  completely defeated and that he would be  in Nish in three weeks.  Work on the wharf, which was  suspended for some time awaiting the arrival of a boom of piles  from down the Inlet, has been  resumed.  Lou Heckman of Atnarko is  visiting town oh matters of business.  BACON and HAMS  BUTTER, CHEESE  EGGS  STOCK FISH  Antoine Capoose the well-  known Indian trader of Anaham  Lake, left here with his pack-  train of thirty head on Friday  last, after spending a few clays  in town. Capoose brought down  with him a magnifiicent collection of furs including fifteen  valuable silver-fox pelts, which  have been purchased by B. Brynildsen & Co. He reports that  the weather in the interior has  so far been cold with very little  snow, which is the ideal condition  for the trapper.  The fact of such a large pack-  train coming to this place from  the interior at this time of the  year speaks volumes for the Bella Coola route to the upper j  country. It is extremely doubi-l  ful if at any other point on the  ago accepted j northern coast it would be poshing that the'sible to penetrate the coast  range with horses at this time  of the year.  Santa Claus' every wish  can be gratified by careful selection from cur  large and varied stock of  Fancy Goods  Dolls and Toys  of all kinds suitable for  Christmas Presents  'Phone in your orders  SHOP EARLY  cd   r i  *m } .*J<  i \t-  3 %  nit"'!  I-Y  fell  '  !lJ;  .'���������V  ���������7*  ... j.  ��������� * *  -,'-n  ��������� .'Mi  . * ���������j.i  r -  BELLA COOLA  COURIER  Saturday,  December 19,  lg>j  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  / SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1  Year  / $1-00  6 Months      0.75  3 Month* ,...       0.50  United States  1 Year...'.  '��������� ��������� .$1-50  United Kingdom  1 Year...,..." $1-00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  ' Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in .address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising Rates,   Apply at  Office.  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the  name and nddrensof every Writer of suJh letters  mu9i be tri,vcn to the editor.  The Editor reserves'the rlpht to refuse pubu-  '   cation of any letter.    All manuscript nt writer s  risk.  yancouver/Office - - 317-323 Cambie St.  ��������� ������3>aUtH populx au'prrma est lex."  SATURDAY, DEC. 19, 1914.  The management wishes to announce to  the  readers  of the  Courier that there will be no  .paper issued from  this office  during Christmas week-  The Christmas Spirit.  '.With' the "approach   of   the  Christmas season the minds of  people'are naturally turned away  from sordid things of life.   Even  matters'of grave concern to individuals and communities are for  the time being shelved, as each  one prepares'to enjoy himself in  his own. way; ' This year weare  ' confronted with a situation which  makes it difficult for us to speak  in the true Christmas spirit���������  ' 'Peace on ��������� earth, Goodwill towards men;"    Yet we cannot  but  believe  that   the  present  terrible conflict between nations  is but the means by 'which will  be obtained a lasting and blessed  peace.    While nations are being  rulpd by despots; while people  are content to believe that righteousness no longer exalteth a  nation, but rather a rigidly enforced system of militarism, to  gether with the sacrifice of all  national honor.   While the ambition of the strong is to crush the  weak, there can  be no lasting  "Peace on Earth." Let us therefore rejoice in the success attending our  armies  and navy  and  those of-our allies, inasmuch as  every day shows us that it is  only the right that can be expected to prevail.  There is another thought which  we should not lose sight, of.  While we are living in peace  and comfort let us remember the  thousands who are offering their  lives for the principles of right  and justice. Let us remember  those who are mourning the loss  of father, son, or brother, on the  battlefield, and endeavor to do  our duty towards them. There  are many opportunities offering  by which we may in some way  help tho^e who are making the  supreme sacrifice for us, and it  behoves us not to neglect them.  Perhaps never in the living  memory of man has there been  such a sphere for the exercise of  Christian charity, and if we find  it difficult to rejoice and sing  with a glad heart "Peace on  Earth, we can at least each and  everyone display the Christmas  spirit by showing "Goodwill to-  wards men."  Christmas Day is Celebrated  in Some Countries on  January 7.  The day���������Christmas day not on  the 25th of December would come  as a, shock, it wouldn't seem  Christmas at all ; yet in the  early centuries of Christianity  January 7 was Christmas day.  .The Eastern '"church did not  come into line with the Western,  which had adopted December 25  for over 400 years. And even  now the Armenian church keeps  Christmas day in January, on the  day when the rest of Christen-  dom is keeping,Epiphany.  The event ��������� Christmas day  commemorates the birth of  Christ, but the actual day and  month of 'that event is not  known. ' December 25 is not the  actual day. ���������  The latest researches put the  year' B. C. 4, and the month as  not later than February.  The old name for Christmas is  the Festival of the Nativity,  which is still its official title, the  Prayer-book adding, after that,  "commonly called Christmas  day."  The pudding. ��������� The popular  Christmas pudding is, comparatively, speaking, quite new. It  isthe successor, improved out of  knowledge by many extra ingredients,-of "plumduff," which  a sailorman made from dough  and raisins, on Christmas day on  board ship, as an experiment in  cookery. ,,  It was liked, and from being  the sailors' favorite pudding for  Christmas day, it spread to the  shore, and rapidly became popular.  The Ghristm as box. ���������Many and  various are the ..explanations  given as to the beginning of this  custom. It seems to have had  it's" rise in the' early days of  Christianity in Rome.  Boxes, made of pottery, were  placed near the altars at Christ-  mastimes, and in these boxes  the people placed money gifts,  which were afterwards distributed among the apprentices.  The custom spread and reached  England, and undf.r varying conditions it has been kept up.  The day on which the gifts  were,made' became known as  Boxing day, and, though the  boxes   have   ceased,   the name  O)  K0>-.  (H  ���������<o>������  MflM  mo  IN TRAINING.  y              A descriptive series by our soldier correspondent, Jltchie T>  I           'Darlington, late of Shushartie Bay, B. C.  MO  Tidworth is a huge barracks  on Salisbury plain. Here are  Canadians mounted and afoot,  lancers, and sturdy line regiments from the English shires-  new battalions of famous regiments whose scroll of glory dates  back to the Peninsula and Waterloo. The regiment to which I  am attached was known as the  Sixty-fourth and formed an integral part of Havelock's immortal column in the Indian  mutiny. But these are Kitchener's men' of the new army���������  brown-faced, clean and alert; a  section of the war minister's  million and a quarter, which, in  three pr four months time will  be a trained engine of destruction, a million active and intrepid  bayonets' to hurl against and  crush the wasted forces of the  declining Hun.  We are a mixed lot; there are  British Columbians' in the Staf-  fords, "Nova "Scotians' in' the  Warwicks, and somewhere on the  plain-near to Tidworth a battalion or so of New Zealahders.  I am not permitted ,to say how  many troops there are at -Tidworth, though the number would  surprise you. Active service conditions prevail here as in other  training centres, and the.intense  patriotism of these fine fellows  of the "new army" is emphasized  by their endurance. Some of  them only two months ago where  at. the office stool. -Today, their  motto is, "Be Alert!" Their  wits must be ever present. They  must be alert and ready to obey  commands speedily and without  hesitation. They must possess  a rigid, unblinking and sphinxlike exterior on parade - at all  times, even whilst the regimen-  For Results Use-  ������\������     A    ���������  n  tal sergeant-major passes scathing comments on their appearance and spits stinging ivectives  at the unfortunate ones who  hesitate just one second in the  motion of forming fours or whose  service equipment.is just a trifle  askew. There are rbute marches  at night and sham attacks with  full equipment and rifles, and  advances at. the double over a  sort of Grand National course in  the dusk of the morning. Yet  withall and though so many hours  on his feet, this new edition of  Atkins is also, as the French say  of his predecessor, "gay." He  squeezes in the time for singing  and his humor is a captivating  thing.  We are having south of England weather, breezy, bright,  but cold. Aeroplanes ase passing  over us every day and have become a common object.  This corner of Wiltshire today  is a wonderful spectacle, a feast  of lively colors. From an elevated point the green downs roll  before us, to the left in the distance the sharp and severe.terra  cotta walls and grey roofs of  the depot, and farther yet  ploughed fields and the tall spire  of a church: everywhere little  patches of white show out in relief where the canvas encampments lie in the lee of the smaller  hills, and likewise everywhere���������  like insects on a billiard table���������  regular shaped masses of sombre  khaki move and deploy, and  overhead in that blue "inverted  bowl we call the sky" pass and  repass at incredible speed those,  latest devices of human handicraft ���������aeroplanes. Nobody  stands agape, this is the twentieth century!  CHICK STARTER  [ CHICK FOOD  CHICK DEVELOPER  SCRATCH EOOD  SOLD BY LEADING DEALERS  AND BY  ALBERTA  PACIFIC   GRAIN  COMPANY  LTD.  VANCOUVER,  B. C.  "A. P. Standard*'���������We stand back of every sack  Gault Brothers Limited  WHOLESALE <DRY GOODS  361 Water Street        Vancouver, B.C.  IJ Gault Brothers for over 60 years haoe successfully  maintained wholesale warehouses throughout Canada  <| The Vancouver stock ������ the largest and best assorted  slock on the Coast, in some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES  SMALLWARES  RIBBONS  Ready-to-Wear  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  House Furnishings  CARPETS  LINENS  DRESS GOODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  remains.  The Turkey.���������It is sad to say  that turkeys have no connection  with the celebration of Christmas. It happens that December,  in the natural order of hatching  and rearing sees them at their  prime. So we roast them. That's  all.  The mistletoe. ��������� To find the  origin of kissing under the  mistletoe we have to turn to  Scandinavian mythology, although the mistletoe under the  Druids in Britain, was greatly  venerated, and efforts have been  made to connect this and the  kissing.  The first christmastreerecorded in history was set up in Stras-  burg in the sixteenth century,  and the custom soon spread over  Germany and to other provinces.  OOOOO  Mexicans always set apart one  room to represent the stable at  Bethlehem, and a manger is contrived in which is placed, with  great ceremony, an image of the  infant Christ.  OOOOO  In Norway and Sweden the  farmers put out huge sheafs of  wheat to provide a Christmas  feast for the birds.  OOOOO  Ten million people in Canada  and the United States will depend- upon charity for their  Christmas dinner.  o    o     o     o    o  Strasburg pie, made of the  livers of fattened geese and  truffles, and boudin, or black-  puddings, are the Chistmas delicacies most favored by- the  French.  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  When the emperor and empress  of Germany visit the stores to  personally choose their Christmas gifts, as has always been  their custom, other people are  "shooed" out while they are  shopping. The Kaiser and Kai<-  erin usually spend about $25,00]  for presents for the family, servants and palace attendants.  This year they will probably sub-  stitute iron crosses.  o     o     o     o     o  In South America, Australia,  and Africa, Christmas ccmes st  the beginning of the summer  season. :  o    o     o     o     o  About 175,000 people in (V-  ada and the United States *:.!  "celebrate" Christmas in pri&i  and almshouses.  OOOOO  The First Christmas.  The first observance of Christmas as a festival in commemoration of the nativity of Christ w2������  in the year 98 A. D. It was first  ordered to be kept as a solemn  Firebox linings withstand years of use because made of McClary Semi-Steel.   Sec a  *f$QFfff@ You'll notice the linings are  *\~ JT made in nine pieces. There's  a good reason���������ask the McClary dealer.     ������  "MADE iN CANADA/'  Sold By All General Merchants.  ^  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  Boscowitz Steamship Co., Ltd.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SERVH'B  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  S. S.   "Chelohsin" Leaves  Vancouver  every  Monday at 8 p. m.  Leaves Bella Coola Wednesday night.  S.S. "COQUITLAM" will also sail  from Vancouver  November 12, 26,   December .10, 24,   January 7,  February 4, 18, carrying Gasoline and   Explosives  special arrangement.  For rates of FreitfhtB,  Faren and other information, i|PP  Hrad Ovvxck, Carrau, St.,  Vancouver; or Geo. Mcuk*  . ajjerit,  1003 Govkrnmknt St., Victoria. , ,  on  21,  by  lv to  lOOH.  ion  if"  D ��������� c  A ittiriay, December 19,   1914  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  sacred feast by Pope Teles-  brus, in the year 137.    At this  tiodj however, there  was no  reemeht.as to the   date   on  ich, the holidayshould be ob-  ved.    Among some Christians  feast was kept on December  while others chose  varying  tes in December and January.  cember 25 was chosen as the  for celebrating the nativity  St. Julius I., the pious and  ||rned pope who reigned from  "-to 352.   St. Cyril of Jerusa-  called his attention to the  file divergence of dates in the  servance    of    Christendom's  GBLLETTS  LYE  EATS DIRT"  w  Tgttlv;  &?$  g&atest feast, and Pope Julius  "rdered that enquiries be made  Ehroughout Palestine with a view  DO; determining the correct date.  investigation   resulted in  fthe choice of the December date,  fwhich has ever since been kept  ?asj Christmas.    ' Many scholars  nave denied the authenticity of  ^LLlcVo^^UMS  MO*  tRf'h.  the date, basing their objections  on the fact that December is the  stormy season in Palestine, and  that shepherds would not have  been grazing their flocks on the  hills at that time. .  rj$&  r,'-* .  Royal  "open  codking.  in  any  flour.  is   the  ROYAL STANDARD is  the wizard of the kitchen.  Acts like magic  recipe calling for  Standard  sesame" to good  It transforms ordinary bread, cakes or pies  into real wonders of the  culinary art.  Your grocer sells Royal Standard  under  a  money-back  guarantee.  - &���������  l  to  ife  #���������������"  J.W.Peck&Co.Ltd.  Manufacturers of  CLOTHING, SHIRTS,  CAPS and OVERALLS  1  %*  We carry a complete stock of Men's Furnishings  and all the best English  and American  Hats  JOHN W. PECK & CO., LTD.  MONTREAL        WINNIPEG       VANCOUVER  J>  Real coffee refinement is found  in  Recommended and sold by all  good grocers.  Public Meeting'at Mackenzie School  Matters of Provincial Interest''  Discussed.  The second of a series of public meetings, held under tht au^  spices of the Bella Coola. Liberal  Association,  took   place at the  Mackenzie   School   on   Monday  evening,   Mr. B.  Brynildsen "in  the chair..   The object of thes<*  meetings is that the people might  be brought together to discuss  matters political concerning the  future welfare of the province.  For too long has it been left tc  politicians on the eve of an election to drop suddenly into out-  town and, by means of reckiesK  promises and appeals to sentiment, blind the electors to thrall-important issues.     It is regrettable that a greater interest  is not shown in matters of public  concern, and it is'unfair that the  local   leaders   of   the   party in  power in the province should not  feel it incumbent on them to attend such meetings as these and  by setting   forth   their   views,  with good reason for same, sc  assist in arriving at a conclusion  regarding   what  is   right  and  proper concerning the administration of provincial affairs.  On Monday evening the opening remarks were addressed to  a very meagre attendance, who,  nevertheless, showed great interest in the addresses of the  various   speakers.       The   first  speaker to be introduced by the  chairman  was  the  Rev.   T.  C.  Colwell,  B. A., who,  after explaining that he was affiliated  with no political party, proceeded  to show that the province was  sorely in need of remedial legislation.    He strongly urged a system by which the nominating of  candidates for election be brought  directly into the hands of the  people.    He also, spoke strongly  in regard  to the government's  action  in   practically  supplying  Mackenzie and Mann with funds  to build a railroad and then permitting Mackenzie and Mann the  railroad builders to allot the contract for the construction of the  road to themselves as railroad  contractors.      He showed how  they let the work to subcontractors who in turn sublet to smaller  contractors from whom it came  into the  hands of stationmen.  Each of these contractors had to  have his percentage of profit, in  the case of Mackenzie and Mann  without doing a hands turn of  actual work on the road.    This  system he claimed brought undue   pressure   to   bear   on   the  workingman,   who   more   often  than not worked imder conditions  which were not creditable to our  province. Dealing with the need  of remedial legislation he gave  as his opinion  that such could  not be obtained by any quicker  means than by the granting of  votes to women.    The introduction of woman's influence into  politics  would tend towards  a  cleansing of social conditions,  and was a matter worthy of the;  earnest consideration of electors, j  Mr. Colwell on taking his seat!  was accorded hearty applause.  The next speaker to be heard  from was Mr. T. A. McGarrigle,  B. A., who spoke on the National  Policy, showing that from the  initial mistake of granting a  special privilege to a certain class  had evolved the present system  of government bonus. The rapidly increased cost of living was  (Continued on last paire.)  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  COAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  Mamwoua. Saskatchewan i������'<1 Alukuta,  lh<; Yukon Territouy. the North-west Ti:uki-  tokihs ami in a portion of the i'uoviNCi-: of  British Columbia, rimy lie li-ased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual nnlal of fl hn  aero. .Not more than Z.COU acres will be leased  to one applicant.'  Application for a lea^f must be rmuie by the  applicant in person to ihe AKent.or Sub-Awnt  of the'district in which the rights applied for  ore hituated.  In survey.il territory  the land  mu'it   be described by ������������-'���������'ions, or lc;:ii subdivisions of sections, and in ��������� ��������� naurvt'yed territory the tract ap-  I   plied for Hhu i be staked out by the applicant  '  himself. /  Each app!'cation muv.l be ancompanit-d by a  fee of $5 which will he refunded if the rights  applied for ai- not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty isha,! he paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The perso.c operating the mine shall furnish  tr-': Aftc-nt with sworn returns accounting for the  f uii quantity o! merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. 1 r the coal mining rights  are not beintf operated, such returns shouid be  furnished at !o;ist once n year.  Tt.e lease will include tlie coal mining rights  only, but, the icssee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of ������ 10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made'l������ the Rr-cietary of the Department of the  Interior. Ottaun, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B, -Unnu'liorized publication of this advertisement wn; not be paid for.���������UOti&O.  BUSINESS CARDS  GEOI KREY K. I'.l-RNETT     I). J. MCOlJGAN  C.E., B.C.I..H., B.A.S.C, B.C.L.S..  ASS. M.CAN.SOC. C.E.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geotfrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & Burnett)  CIVIL ENGINEERS and  ,      B.C. LAND SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B. C.  City address���������New Westminster, B.C.  P. O. Box 886. Telephone 232.  J. A. LEROY PhoneSey. 9387 J- NATION  BUS MEETS ALL BOATS AND TRAINS  Hotel Winters  COR. ABBOTT AND WATER STREETS  VANCOUVER, B.C.  EUROPEAN   PLAN   HOT AND COLO WATER  S1.00 TO $2.50      STEAM   HEATED  ROOMS WITH BATH  WANTED  Listing; of Lots and Acreage  vn.Bella Coola and Valley.  Give full particulars,  Price, Title, etc.. to  MARTIN J. RAVEY  826 Pender St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  LI  hoe  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on jour fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 7f> per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  HOE  BLACKSMITKENG  OF ALL KINDS  o o  Expert Horseshoer  ens  B. C.  'g  mrs  1 heJ\4ason(y txischriano  of to-day will make plain our  privilege to stale With authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  ffi Let us attend your Victor Record  ^u mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and" guaranteed.       Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST.,  VANCOUVER, B. C.  i^iwilSfH-;.  B  W  HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \)L7HAT person so independent?  \X7HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola   farmers are independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  THE REASONS for'this enviable condi-  dition of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile a.nd needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert-exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  1 CZD CD  CZD  ** w*i^>^|^v4  Robinson's Remedies Never Did Fai  The fact that the fumes of this Oily Powder remain with  the bird for days, thereby killing all the lice and mites,  gives conclusive proof of the superiority of the "sticking"  qualities of ROBINSON'S LICE POWDER.  B. Brynildsen & Co.. agents for Bella Coola. B. C.  A. M. Lyon, agent for Port Hardy. B. C.  Patronize Home Industry  ������������.���������  and Bay RAMS AYS'  Biscuits, Candy, Macaroni  New Orleans Molasses  Manilla Drips  Imperial Maple Syrup  Ramsay Bros. & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable  in  Advance.  CANADA.  Oni  Ykar $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Thi'.kk Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  Oni Ykar  $1-50  UNV'.'I'n KlNGDu.M AND THK CONTINENT.  Oni: Ykar $1-00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO.. LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name ;'.'.  P. 0   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed  "��������� '������������������;  i  ���������       '���������������������������   ������ ��������� ���������   ' ^^Si^&tsssssata^sSf- ������** ysww."  til! ���������'���������  (Bib fc'iJ- .-  '-fif; is ^  *KS.r-ii,'i-";''-tt   ���������  "llijBrtl,"     Ti,L  U  ill  BELLA  COOLA COURIER  GEY1-OM  ���������;';'.. ��������� .'PACKED',VBY-".'������������������:���������  YYJ*?. BRAID   aCD.:  ���������TEA    IMPORTERS  ,  - VANCOUVER:     B; C>- '  Order  that   pound  of BRAID'S BEST  Tea now. Packed  in handsome 1, 3,  and 5 lb. tins.  Ogfilvie's  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  From  ALL GOOD GROCERS  V  "+'���������������������������������������������������������������<������������������������������������������������  THE  Manufacturers of all  kinds of  MOONEY BISCUIT '������������������������������������������   : ^��������� ~������������������ ::    AND CANDIES  & CANDY CO. Ltd.  , VANCOUVER, B..C.  MOONEY'S SODAS and  PILOT BREAD.  "THE   BEST YET"  Made in British Columbia  ���������  ���������  traced 'by the speaker to be attributable to the policy of protection,,the great burden falling  upon the consumer for the benefit of a privileged class.  Mr. Jesse Hendricks spoke of  the hardship imposed on certain  classes by the present system of  taxation. Citing himself as an  instance, he showed how he was  compelled to take out licenses to  the total cost of $22.50 in order  to obtain the privilege of making  a living, when by the abolition  .of the poll-tax over forty thousand chinamen besides numbers  of Japs and Hindoos were allowed  to get off scot-free. He dealt  also with the question of hand-,  logger's licenses and the game  protection act in a way which  brought forth applause from tys  audience. /  Mr. D. B. Tanton speaking/of  the game protection act showed  where it worked a hardship on  the farmer, telling how he/iim-  self had found it impossible:to  engage in a certain line of farming owing to the depredations  committed by certain fur-bearing  animals. He also illustrated how  the present government discouraged the new industry of fox-  farming by imposing an annual  tax of 2 per cent, on the assessed  value of the stock. In Prince  Edward Island the government  gave every encouragement to the  fox-rancher 'and   the   industry  had flourished, here in this province the government, with  licenses an:l taxes, had made it  almost impossible to engage in  this new industry with any prospect of success. Mr. Tanton also referred to the late amend:  ment to the Elections Act, whereby unfair discrimination was  made against the naturalized  British subject. For the attorney-general to refuse to accept  the oath of such a person for the  obtaining of a vote was an insult  to every naturalized British sub:  ject,'and he, appealed to his  hearers to take care that they  did not lose their vote, and when  'the time came to use it in such a  way as to show Mr. Bowser that  they strongly resented the slur  which had been cast upon them,,  After Mr. H. L. Harris had  spoken briefly on the present  situation' iru the .province the  meeting was brought to a close  with the .singing of "God Save  the King."  I , GH?ttrd) Nuttrt    9  ������      Sunday School     -    10:45 a. m.      j  Church Service    -   7:30 p.m.  I  c  AH Are Welcome.  Reo. T. C. Colwell, B. A.. Pastor  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  ���������  ���������  _w  DISTBICT   OP   COAST���������-BANOE   in.  Take Notice that William J. Williams, of Snohomish, Wash.-, occupation  farmer, intends to apply for permission  to lease the following described land:  Commencing at" a post planted half-  mile south-easterly from the head of a  small inlet extending south from Schooner Pass, on north end of Price Island,  thence- south 80 chains, thence east 80  chains, thence north 80 chains, thence  west 80 chains, to point of commencement containin������640 acres, more or less.  j WILLIAM J. WILLIAMS. .  Dated, November 10, 1914.  MARK SMABY, Asent.  HUGHES BROS.  BIG LIQUOR STORE  Wines, Liquers and Cigars  WE   SHIP   EVERYWHERE  Send for free price list with ������hipping instruction.  105 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, B.C.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTRICT   Or   COAST���������BANOE  HI.  Take Notice that Helge Smeby, of  Gig Harbor, Wash., occupation farmer,  intends to apply for permission to lease  the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted 1 1-2  miles south-westerly from the head of a  small inlet extending south from Schooner Pass, on north end of Price Island,  thence south 80 chains, thence west 80  chains, thence north 80 chains, thence  east 80 chains, to point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more" or less.  HELGE SMEBY.  Dated, November 10, 1914.  MARK SMABY. Aifent.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  : o  HOE  \������  HOE  ZOE  R. B. JOHNSON LTD., Port Coquitlam, B. C.  Manufacturers  of  High-Grade  /BOOTS-  .. ..   . and;.  .   SHOES  a  Specialists in  ���������Boots for  LOGGERS  MINERS  CRUISERS  PROSPECTORS  ROADMEN, ETC.  0  ~q\     [r���������nrnr���������)]      ^      Your Guarantee of Quality      fg?      |( ror���������)]    (o  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER"  DISTBICT   OT   COAST���������BANOE  HI.  Take Notice that Martin Smeby, of  Gig Harbor,_Wash., occupation farmer,  intends to apply for permission to lease  the following described land:        .  Commencing at a post planted 1 1-2  miles south-westerly from the head of a  small inlet extending south from Schooner Pass, on north end of Price Island,  thence south 80 chains, thence east 80  chains, thence north 80 chains, thence  west 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or less.  MARTIN SMEBY.  Dated, November 10, 1914.  MARK SMABY, Agent.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  Sole agents for Arthur Bell & Sons' Famous  Scotch Whiskey, Perth, Scotland.  WINES, LIQUORS and CIGARS  PROMPT ATTENTION TO ORDERS OUR MOTTO  WE   SHIP   PROMPTLY  7S8 Powell Street, Vancouver, B. C.  DISTBICT   03?   COAST���������BANOE   III.  Take notice that Richard Loden, of  Mineral, Wash., occupation farmer,  intends to apply for permission to  lease the followingdeseribed land:  Commencing at a post planted 1 1-2  miles south-easterly from the head of a  small inletextendmgsouth from Schooner Pass, on north end of Price Island,  thence south 80 chains, thence east 80  chains, thence north 80 chains, thence  west 80 chains, to point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or less.  RICHARD LODEN.  Dated, November 10, 1914.  MARK SMABY, A^ent.  DISTBICT   OP   COAST���������BANOE  IH.  Take Notice that Mark Smaby,  of Ocean Falls, B.C., occupation timber cruiser, intends to apply for permission to lease the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted half-  mile south-westerly from the head of a  smallinletextendingsouth from Schooner Pass, on north end of Price Island,  thence north 80 chains, thence east 80  chains, thence south 80 chains, thence  west 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or less  MARK SMABY.  Dated. November 10. 1914.  Nov. 14--Jan. 3  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   OF   COAST���������BANOE   IH.  Take'Notice that Phillip Williams,  of Ocean Falls," B. C, occupation farmer, intends to apply for permission to  lease the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted half-  mile south-westerly from the head of a  small inletextending south from Schooner Pass, on north end of Price Island,  thence north 80 chains, thence west 80  chains, thence south 80 chains, thence  east 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or less.  PHILLIP WILLIAMS.  Dated, November 10, 1914.  MARK SMAUY, Afirent.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   OF   COAST���������BANOE   IH.  Take Notice that Emma C. Smaby,  of Ocean Falls. B.C., occupation married woman, intends to apply for permission to lease the, following described  land: ,  Commencing at a post planted half-  mile south-westerly from the head of a  smallinletextendingsouth from Schooner Pass, on north end of Price Island,  thence south 80 chains, thence east 80  chains, thence north 80 chains, thence  west 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or less.  EMMA C. SMABY.  Dated, November 10, 1914.  MARK SMABY. Airent.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  VANCOUVER. LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   OF   COAST���������BANOE   III.  Take Notice that Frank W. Samuel-  son, of Cromwell, Wash., occupation  farmer, intends to apply for permission  to lease the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted 2 1-2  mikirf south-westerly from the head of a  smallinletextendingsouth from Schooner Pass, on north end of Price Island,  thence south 80 chains, thence west 80  chains, thence north 80 chainn, thence  east 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or lew.  FRANK W.  SAMUKI.SON.  Dated, November 10, 1914.  MARK SMAiii-, AKcnt.  DISTBICT   OF   COAST���������BANOE   III.  Take Notice that Mary A. Williams,  of Ocean Falls, B. C, occupation married woman, intends to apply for permission to lease the following described  land:  Commencing at a post planted half-  mile south-westerly from the head of a  smallinletextendingsouth from Schooner Pass, on-north end of Price Island,  thence south 80 chains, thence west 80  chains, thence north 80 chains, thence  east 80 chains, to point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or less.  MARY A. WILLIAMS.  Dated, November 10, 1914.  MARK SMAHY, Ai������'nt.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   OF   COAST���������BANOE   III.  Take Notice that Charles J. Sexton,  of Seattle, Wash., occupation farmer,  intends to apply for permission to lease  the following described land:  Commencing at a post planted half-  mile south-easterly from the head of a  smallinletextendingsouth from Schooner Pass, on north end of Price Island,  thence north 80 chains, thence east 80  chains, thence south 80 chains, thence  west 80 chains to point of commence*  ment, containing 640 meres, more or less.  CHARLES J. SEXTON.  Dated, November 10, 1914.  MARK SMABY. Airent.  Saturday,  Decemher I9t  l<j^  ^^ggggt/guamaatmmi  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN  1895.  rynildsen&  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Stapie and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP, HEATING  AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    Q  ?/  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  Settlers, Prospedofs, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the most suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  a  *<*  ><j  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all description*  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C.  iwtxn?  jVoiwdWiM'-'**'


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