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Bella Coola Courier 1915-12-04

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 IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCEL-  LENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR OCTOBER.  Compiled  by Mr. C, H.  Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 51.    Minimum, 37.  Highest Max. (1st) 65.   Lowest Min. (10th) 26  Rainfall, 12.40 inches.  VOL. 4���������NO. 8  Russians Successful  in a Bayonet Fight  Petrograd, Dec. 1���������The following official  communication  was  issued today: "In the Rigst region yesterday there were suc-  cesful actions by,our artillery on  several parts of the region, southwest of Pinsk on Sunday evening  the enemy attacked the village  of Drotora, the attempt was repulsed with heavy losses to the  enemy and the attack ceased at  midday,   Monday,  and was  not  renewed.    On Friday evening on  the left bank of the Styr river  ......... ^  one of our units attacked a detachment of the enemy west of  thevillage of Kozelinchi, after a  bayonet fight the greater part of  the Austrians were killed, of the  renriairider three officers and 83  soldiers were taken prisoners.  Our losses were four men killed  and ten wounded."  BELLA COOLA, R C, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 4,  1915.  $1.00 a Year  Aeroplane Sinks  German Submarine  London, Dec. 1���������The admiralty  issued the  following statement  last night: "On November 28th  flight sub-Lieut.   Viney   accompanied  by an officer,  Lieut, de'  Sincay, while patrolling off the  Belgian coast dropped a bomb on  a German submarine.    The submarine was observed to have had  its back  broken and  sank in a  few minutes with all on board.  During the same day flight-Lieut.  Ferrand with air mechanic Old-  field in a seaplane shot down a  German Albatross -seaplane off  Ostend.    The Albatross heaved  head first into the sea and sunk.  Two Defenders Only  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  S. S. Camosun on her northbound trip arrived hereon Friday evening at eight o'clock  about 24 hours late. She reports  very rough weather in crossing  Queen   Charlotte   Sound.     The  he has secured from the government a contract to furnish the  planks necessary to renew the  covering for the government  wharf and approach.  That this enterprise will prove  heavy seas smashed two of her! quite an acquisition for the place  lifeboats.    After she had fought jit is quite reasonable to assume  her way to Takush Harbor she"  Austrian Monitors  ^:^;|PatroI' the Danube  London, Dec, 1.���������A despatch  to the Morning Post from Bucharest dated Tuesday says:  ''Feverish preparations are being made at Rustchuk on the  Danube west of the Rumanian  border, to accommodate 50,000  Austrian-German troops'who are  due to arrive there shortly. Many  officers with war materials already have arrived. Four Austrian monitors are patrolling the  Danube along the whole length  of the Bulgarian shore to where  the Bulgarian* frontier joins that  of Rumania."  Petrograd, Dec. 1.��������� Russian  military observers are finding  frequent indications that the  German lines on this front are  diminishing. These are furnished by reports from the fighting  lines, notably from the sector  northeast of Riga. As an instance, it is stated that in capturing the passage between two  laid there for five hours until the  storm moderated. The captain  expressed the opinion that he  should be able to make up the  lost time on this trip and arrive  here on schedule time, Friday  this week. Whether his expectations were realized we are unable to tell at the time of writing  this.  There were quite a number of  passengers for this place and the  usual amount of freight. The  arrivals were: John B.Sylvester,  F. A. Johnson, H. D. Brown, C.  Mr. F. H. Strain is a stranger  in the place, but we venture to  say he will not remain such very  long. He comes here to fill the  place of millwright at the new  sawmill and will no doubt find  conditions so congenial that he  will remain permanently. ...  For Your Xmas  wants come to  The Store  that stocks only  the very best  Mr. Mills' interest in the place  is such that he cannot stay away  very long at a time. He comes  here regularly several times a  year as   representative   of   the  famous wholesale grocery house,  C. Mills, F. H. Strain, Mr. and'Kelly, Douglas & Co., Vancou-  Mrs. Wm. Gross, Miss Klingen- j Y^r. He feels it his duty to see  berg and Mrs.  P. G. Noot and jthat the people of this place have  sufficient food to last them over  Christmas and longer, and any  shortage in this respect he is both  anxious and willing to relieve.  Apples, Oranges,  Bananas  Candy of all kind  her two children.  the position were two Germans  with machine guns.  H. D. Brown is another man  who finds Bella Coola the best  ahd'safest place known where to  John B. Sylvester, who has  spent the summer same as he has  been doing for a number of years,  as manager of the Beaver Can-  marshes, the sole defenders oi\^ at Rivers Inlet.'returns to  his home in Saloomt to spend the  winter.    Since the winding up of scratch for a living  __________________________ the season's fishing activities he  ���������������������������~ ���������''has taken a recreation trip to the  Tommy, an Indian from Kims-; cities and settlements of the  quit, who has been on a visit to j south. Among other places visi-  the Indian village, died suddenly! ted he also spent some time in  on Thursday evening last week, j viewing the wonders of the Pan-  There was apparently nothing! amaExposition at San Francisco,  amiss with him until he was dis-!  covered in the village street suf-i    Mrs. P. G.   Noot of Victoria,  Ireland is Loyal  London, Dec. l.���������Addressinga  recruiting meeting Mr. John  Redmond said he had visited the  Belgian lines'and seen King Albert. "I told him," said the  Irish leader, "that Ireland was  determined to stand by the independence of Belgium at any cost.  Come weal or woe, Ireland would  have no peace that does not bring  about the rehabilitation of Belgium."   .  Mr. Redmond concluded with  a message from the Irish troops  at the front to their countrymen.  "They ask me to say they feel  that every man of them in this  war is fighting not merely for  liberty and right, but for the  prosperity of their beloved Ireland as well. They ask Ireland  to stand by them."  of the lungs.    He died shortly  after being brought to a house.  fering from severe hemorrhage! came UP to visit her Parents, Mr-  and Mrs. Capt. Thorsen. She  spent her childhood years among  these mountains and with the  people here and no doubt wishes  to remain over Christinas to take  part in the old country style of  celebrating the great festival.  The'Bella Coola Temperance  Society held its monthly meeting  at the Lower Bella Coola school-  house last Sunday afternoon.  Quite a number of people gathered to listen to the program.  The meeting was presided over  by Mr. O. C. Olsen, president of  the society.  A committee consisting of C.  Carlson, G. B. Olsen and John  Widsten were elected to arrange  for co-operation with the People's  Prohibition Movement. The program was carried out to the satisfaction of all concerned and consisted of songs by the audience,  music by the string band and  speeches by C. Carlson, G. B  Olsen and M. B. Christensen.  Mr. and Mrs. Gross have been  away on a short visit among  friends; and returns more determined than ever to stick to  Bella Coola as the best place to  stay, especially during war times.  Our readers in Bella Coola are  again reminded of the bazaar to  be conducted by the ladies of the  townsite at the Hotel Hall this  afternoon and evening.  All their friends and those who  want.to encourage religious work  in the place are asked to come  and make the bazaar a success.  A whole, year's work of the members of the Ladies Aid Society is  focussed on this occasion, and  these'efforts on their part should  receive our hearty recognition.  ALAGASandALMIRE  GRAPES  Fancy Table Raisins  a  Miss Klingenberg came from  far distant Norway to take up!  her residence in this valley. The  fame of our mountain home on  the Pacific has reached the rock-  ribbed shores of northern Norway, and she determined that it  I is safer on this side of the Atlantic at the present time than on  the other.  Mr. F. A. Johnson, of Fir vale,  has been away purchasing a semi-  In the evening a still   larger  crowd   assembled   at  the   same  place to attend the monthly meeting of the Young People's Mis-1      lable sawmin which he is ar-  sionary Society of the Lutheran j  Our former fellow-resident,  Mr. E. C. Ablewhite, has severed  his connections with this place  and taken up his residence at  Namu. He has taken tip a piece  of land near the lake a short distance back 'of the village, and  will engage in the raising of  hogs and chickens, the product  of which will find a ready mar-  ketat the canneries. We believe  he will find ample scope for his  energies and feel confident he  will score a success.  Possibility of dri Election  Ottawa, Dec. 1.���������The Evening  Journal published a story to the  effect that no decision to summon parliament to meet in January has been arrived at, and that  there is still a possibility of a  general election being held before the House meets. No confirmation of the report is obtainable.  Church. Rev. H. Sageng led the  meeting. The program proved  both varied and interesting.  It opened with the singing of  a hymn by the audience, followed  by the responsive reading of the  parable of the good Samaritan.  Rev. H. Sageng and Mr. Paul  Fredland each made a speech.  Little John Fredland gave a fine  reading in Norwegian, showing  evidence of high training in a  foreign language. Victor Carlson gave another reading in English. A string band of twelve  membeis gave two selections  which were highly appreciated.  ranging to put up on ground adjoining the townsite.    It is said  CALL FOR TENDERS  "Tenders for the falling of tim-  A ber and delivering the same  at my mill adjoining the town-  site, by the thousand feet, is  hereby called for.  Tenders may be made for either  work, separately or jointly. Further particulars may be obtained  from the undersigned. Tenders  will be received at the COURIER  office until noon December 9th. I  F. A. JOHNSON.  NOTICE  The Annual Meeting of the  Bella Coola Farmers' Institute  will be held in the Colony Hall,  Hagensborg, at2 p.m. on Monday  the 20th day of December, 1915.  Election of officers for the ensuing year and one delegate to  represent Bella Coola at the Central Farmers' Institute, and any  other business.  Everybody welcome.  A. Hammer, Sec.-Treas.  (Elutrrh Nniir?    h  Sunday School  Church Service  10:45 a. m.  7 : 30 p. m.  d  Mr. C. Carlson will conduct  the service.  Rev. T. C. Colwell, B. A.. Pastor  0 X> vi3 <**->��������� <-������i~v o <  Below we publish a letter from  Fred Grant which will prove interesting to his many friends.  He is gradually being made accustomed to warfare and seems  in good spirits:  Jl Fight in the Air.  "The day before yesterday  while we were putting up wire  entanglements we witnessed a  very exciting aerial fight between  a British and German Biplane.  At first we couldn't distinguish  which was which, but when they  came lower  and   more directly  over us we soon noticed the British one with its large red and  bull's eyes painted  underneath  the planes.     They had a greai  scrap with their machine guns,  and the German  plane got the  worst of it, for it slackened its  pace; at the same time our plane  made a dive downwards and we  thought it too was crippled, but  that was not the case.    I think it  did it to gather speed and get  away from the German plane in  order to give our air craft guns  a chance to pump a few7 shots in;  this they did about a hundred of  them. Goodness! it was exciting;  we  could  see  just where they  were exploding, for a little cloud  of smoke is left after they go off.  Some of  the  shells must have  been effective  for the German  machine came lower and lower  and tried hard to reach its own  lines, but was not successful.   It  iell between our first and second  line of trenches; as it was coming   down   our   fellows   within  range had a few rounds at it.  "The Germans in their lines  got excited also and popped their  heads over the parapet  to  see  where their aeroplane fell, consequently our machine guns  openened fire on them and from  all accounts got a few. Two  German officers manned the  plane, one being shot through  the stomach' and still alive and  the other killed. The Biplane  was one of the latest types. We  heard that two more were brought  down later in the day. That day  we were working on a hill and  saw some of our shells from a  twelve-inch gun exploding in a  'village that the Germans hold.  I think the shells were what they  call coal boxes for there was  such a lot of black smoke from  them. They certainly played  havoc where they landed.'  "Yesterday we were (or at  least the whole Division) inspected  by  the  King,  the King of!   Belgium, General French, General Joffre, and a number of staff- AS THE COURIER  officers who accompanied them. jwjjl not be published the last week  From all along the line the war:in this year we take this opporlu-  news is very satisfactory except, [ nity of advising those of its readers  of course, things look a little  serious in the Balkans. We all  feel certain that Russia, who can  land troops so easily there, will  be able to hold the enemy in  check."  BUTTER, CHEESE  EGGS  STGCK FISH  TT**'-'" *������������������"  ^""'r ���������.-������������������-������������������  A large assortment  of Fancy Goods,  Doll and Toys  of all kinds suitable  for  Christmas Presents  Plione in your orders  SHOP EARLY  FOR SALE  A FARM, 31 acres of fine agricultural  land, 7 acres under cultivation, with  50 young fruit trees just coming into  bearing; a number of berry bushes.  All the houses necessary in good condition. This farm is situated on the |  main wagon road, five miles from the  town, quarter mile from .schoolhouse.  Apply to the owner  PAUL FREPLAND,  BELLA COOLA,   15. C.  who are not among our customers  to start the New Year right by  dealing strictly at  THE STORE  That Gives Value for  Your Money  ws 2  BELLA  COOLA COURIER  Saturday, pecernUr 4t }g)5  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  " '    .  "-       _ Canada  1 Year $1.00  6 Month.       0.75  3 Month* .J    0.50  United States,  1 Year. $1-50  -' .' United Kingdom '  1 Year. $1-0Q  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  Lat,or*ce. Changes in address should be  sent in as'soon as possible.  ���������For Advertising, Rates; " Apply' at  - &���������    -  Office.  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous cprnmunications will be published, the  name and Address of every writer of such letters ���������  must bo eiven to the editor.  The Editor reserves the risrht to refuse publication of "any letter. ' All manuscript at writer's  risk. -      , ' s  Vancouver ;0ffice - - 317-323 Cambie St.  5 i <  '&alua jiojwfi mtpratta tat lwe.v  SATURDAY, ,DEC. 4, 1915.  "W^E .beg to remind our readers that the Courier having completed its third year  the "subscriptions - of, all our  early .subscribers are now due  for renewal.  The"management wishes to  thank our numerous readers  for their support during the  past and- trusts to a continuance of the same in the future.  The subscription .rate remains at $1  per year, payable strictly in advance.  The Shell Committee Was  I Re-Organized.  - It seems in one instance at least  that the government of Great  . Britain h.as no more faith in the  business methods of the Conservative -government  at - Ottawa  v   than the Liberal party of Canada.  Great  Britain,   as   everybody  knows, has found it necessary to  place*large orders for shellsand  other munitions of'war in America.   It was natural that Canada,  bearing a share of the burden of  war, should be given an oppor7  tunity to fill as many of these  orders as she could handle with  dispatch.   In recognition of this  Great Britain, acting through the  Canadian government, placed big  orders for shells,in this country.  Oar government appointed the  Minister of Militia to take charge  of this work.  He appointed a committee called the Shell Committee to see  the orders were executed in a  manner, acceptable to the British government.  This committee, true to the  spirit of other government committees and commissions, regard-  fed its position in the main as an  opportunity of securing large  profits for its members and their  friends.  The Canada Car and Foundry  Co. received business from the  committee to the tune of $150,-  000,000. Before the war, with  its unexampled prosperity for  politicians and their friends came  along, this company had only a  turnover, of $27,000,000.  It was discovered that under  the political system of manufacture as conducted by the Shell  Committee, certain processes in  the making of the shells  cost  about five times more than they  ought to; and that the profits on  the finished product ran, generally speaking, from one hundred  to two hundred per cent?  But the Shell Committee, which  had struck oil so to speak, and  was doing a land office business,  awakened one morning to discover that it was doing business  for the government of Great  Britain, "and that this is somewhat more strict in its business  methods than the complacent  government of Canada.  Mr. Lloyd George v. as looking  after the manufacture of munitions and when-he. found that  Canadian grafters were working  their shell game in his department he, sent a. trusted representative, Mr. D. A. Thomas,  over Here to regulate the Shell  Committee and some other matters besides.  , It is rather humiliating that  Canada proved herself unworthy  to take care of a comparatively  simple business transaction like  Jhe manufacture 'of shells for  Srreat. Britain. Mr. Thomas introduced business methods into  :he��������� committee by having jt reconstructed on lines.to suit himself, and on the top of that he  )laced an English ex-pert in a  position" to keep a close watch on  its.activities.  No'dbubt the manufacturers of  shells will still, reap-handsome  profits,"but there will not be that  .wholesale, robbery- which is so  "apt to take'placein governmental  undertakings,"'" and which, when  brought to light,, the supporters  of the party in power are so ready  to minimize, defend or ignore.  mowm  MAKES PERFECT BREAD  ���������i  of maritime freight rates. At  present the export lumber trade  is almost dead, strangled' by the  high' cost of charters, and the  same cause has- greatly reduced  the volume of lumber shipments  through the Panama Canal to the  .Atlantic Coast. Furthermore,  the generally unsettled condition  has induced retail yards in the  Middle andUFar West to curtail  purchases so extensively, that  their stocks barely cover daily  requirements. -Peace will mean  at least two years of high-tide  lumber prosperity. No other  conclusion is possible.  "Nor is a slnmp in mining to  be. apprehended. On the contrary, all experts apree that the attract as much business as pos-  normal times. And they have  used up draft stock at an unprecedented rate. As a result. the  world's supply of breeding animals has been diminished^ stocks  of wool -and leather have been  depleted and in addition drought  has killed enormous numbers of  sheep in Australia. Irrespective  of grain prices, the world's efforts to restock its empty barns  and larders' should make livestock very profitable for years  to come.  OOOOO  Prince Rupert.  The Prince-Rupert Board of  Trade is circulating petitions to  the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway  and .Steamship Companies, asking that theyremove their headquarters from Vancouver to  Prince Rupert: It is to the interest of the',ambitious city of  Northern   British   Columbia   to  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd  VANCOUVER, B. C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST"  BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  MADE    IN    B. C.  Send for Catalogue  Prompt Attention Given Letter Or<Jer������  How Will Western Business  Fare After the War?  '   We believe it.will interest our  readers to learn the opinion of the  leading-American  magazine on  the Pacific coast, the "Sunset"  of San  Francisco, on  how the  business of the Coast will be affected by the ending of the war.  The part of the article which we  quote is applicable to British Columbia and the arguments presented seem  to be .well  worth  considering as eminently sound:  "In the first place, peace will  place the West's greatest single  industry,' the' lumber' business,  upon  a paying basis,  not only  through the stimulation of the  demand for lumber by the Euro-  pean rebuilding-process, but-like-  wise by the precipitate lowering  demand for additional gold must  ihevitabjy stimulate the industry,  old properties will be 'worked to  t  capacity and new prospects opened.    For practically  two  years  the United States' best', copper  customer, Germany,rhas been relying on small quantities surrep-  J titiously smuggled into the coun-  try.   Copper utensils have-been  melted to supply the deficiencies.  It will require billions of pounds  to:make good the wastage..and  enable Germany's electrical industry   to   resume   operations.  L/ead will fall in price and the  course of .silver is uncertain, but  gold and copper will continue to  keep the wheels of the Western  mining industry turning at.high  speed. ^   , ,  "Two of the West's three basic  industries, therefore, will be running full blast .upon the conclusion of the war. How about'  agriculture?  "The price of grain, of course,  depends upon crop conditions in  the ensuing year. But the price  of livestock and livestock products does hot.' All the warring  countries and their neighbors  have swept their larders bare in  an effort to provide ten million  men with more and better food  than they have ever been accustomed to have. They have clothed and shod these ten million  men better, more amply than in  sible. Prince Rupert is the westr  ern terminus of a great transcontinental .railway system and  its business men were attracted  to the yet unborn city, with the  expectation that its position and  prospects warranted them ,���������in  staking their prosperity''on its'  future greatness.'  The government of British Columbia derived considerable income from the sale of high priced  lots in that city and therefore  should feel under some obligation" to see. that its future may  become such as would naturally  be inferred from its attitude at  that time.    But the government  acted   treacherously   to" Prince  Rupert and for no satisfactory  reason, whatever.    Almost anyone,, would, know .that a   great  railway  like,- the   Grand Trunk  would sooner, or later seek' connection .with the metropolis of  the province, Vancouver; neither  would it require much sagacity  to know' that it would get that  in opposition to the government,  even if such could be imagined.  But   our benevolently disposed  government were afraid   that  Prince   Rupert  would   get   too  much  business and/therefore,  induced another company to build  a line to tap the-Grand Trunk  Pacific   of  its   traffic going to  Prince Rupert and diyert~it to  Vancouver.    The inducement of-  Gault Brothers Limited  WHOLESALE <DRY GOODS  361 Water Street        Vancouver, B. C.  CJ Qault Brothers for over 60 years have successfully  maintained wholesale warehouses throughout Canada  <J The Vancouver stock is ihe largest and best assorted  stock on the Coast, in some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES  SMALLWARES  RIBBONS  Ready-to-Wear  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  -House Furnishings  CARPETS  LINENS  DRESS GOODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  fered was the guaranteeing of  its. bonds. '","-.  We notice that the citizens of  Prince Rupert approved of this  action on the part of the government by supporting it in the last  election. We like to help people  who try to help themselves, but  in this instance we shall also try  to help people who, in this instance at least, did not show  sense enough to look after their  own interests.  It is to the interest of all the  residents of Northern British  Columbia that Prince Rupert attain proportions as large as possible. Prince Rupert is the natural and nearest market for all  the produce Bella Coola has to  sell. Better prices can be obtained their because the additional freight from the producer to  the south is in our favor. Our  transportation facilities to Prince  Rupert are now equal to those  we have with Vancouver, and  Victoria.  Therefore, it is to the mutual  interest of both Prince Rupert  and us that we , become better  acquainted .chrou gh  business  transactions.  We know we run the risk of  being thought conceited if we  have the temerity to offer the  astute,business men of Prince  Rupert' advice;  but in spite of  that,-we will say it would be to  their interest to   go after the  business of our community. With  their   first class   transportation  facilities the  merchants should  be able   to   become   successful  competitors   to   the   wholesale  dealers of the south.   Their professional men would also derive  business" through the mercantile  intercourse;  and for these reasons -and others we take the occasion   to   propose   that they  through the columns of our widely circulated paper and others  let the the districts tributary to  it know what they can do to attract their trade.  It is said that business follows  the flag, but in this case the orders, from Bella Coola should  follow its produce. If Prince  Rupert buys our produce we  should alsoorder oui Roods there.  Let Prince Rupert make the first  move.  i������H2^������H2J  "POLARINE  The Best Known and  Popular Lubricant for  Motor Boats  Its use assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or In cylinders  IMPERIAL OIL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B.C.  5  .  IOE  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  z>������c  ^  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C, LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SERVICK  BETWEEN  Vancouver, Bella Coola and Prince Rupert  S. S. "CAMOSUN"  Leaves Bella Coola for Prince Rupert at 6 p. m. Thursday Sept. 30; Oct. 14, 28; Nov. 11, 25; Dec. 9, 2:3.  Leaves Bella Coola for Vancouver at 10 p. m. Friday  Oct. 8, 22; Nov. 5, 19; Dec. 3, 17, 31.  D  S. S. "Coquitlam"  or S. S.  "Capilano  from  Vancouver every week, carrying Gasoline  Explosives, will call at Bella Coola by arrangement.  sailing  and  For rates of Freights, Fares and other information, "    '?  Head Office, Carrall St.,  Vancouver; or Gko. muir*"   -  agent,   1003 Government St., Vic-TORlAi  HOE  31* C  '.'&*������������������*'���������  Ik  .','2.jUS*,:  JN*������. I SalarlM- ^cemher A, 1915  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  fractions on Belgium  Everyone knows that Belgium  has been swept and ravaged and  I that the Belgian people have  been largely maintained by foreign charity. It is not so well  kn0Wn that while the Belgians  |l3ve been supported by charity  they have been supporting the  I, Germans out of their former  savings. Germany made a levy  of $93,000,000 on   the   Belgian  three months after the conclu- Minister of Education, and that  ���������**wvmmy m+vim  sion of peace. -News-Ad vertiser  Needs Explaining.  During these pre-election times  when so many just criticisms are  aimed against the provincial government for extravagance and  mismanagement, it is really deplorable that to these should be  added one of a more serious  nature. <���������  We think it is within the pro-  provinces. This was part of the vince of a journal striving to  punishment of'Belgium because convince the people of the ne-  she committed   the; offence of cessity for an  early change in  trying to be neutral, according  to her sworn agreement.    Germany not only broke her plighted  word but she imposes this in-  ��������� detnnity upon Belgium in addition  to all the other penalties, as a  punishment for her refusal  to  break faith.   The oppressed and  poverty   stricken   kingdom  has  already paid $72,000,000 of this  $98,000,000' in   monthly  instalments.   Meanwhile the German  government   has    requisitioned  the private properties found in  the warehouses of Antwerp and  other cities  to the   amount of  some $20,000,000.    It agreed to  pay for these goods, but most of  these claims are unpaid and some  the administration of the affairs  of the province to call attention  to the fact that at a recent trial at  Victoria some testimony showed  that -Hon. H. E. Young, provincial secretary, had, without rendering apparent legitimate  compensation, received $105,000  worth of shares in a company  seeking favorable legislation  from the government.  Hon. Jos. Martin in a letter to  the News-Advertiser says in part  as follows on that subject:  "Sir���������In connection with the  evidence whieh has come out in  the Pacific Coast Mines case at  Victoria, indicating that stock,  amounting to $105,000, is and has  during the time that .this stock  was owned by Dr. Young a private act was obtained from the  House at Victoria, giving them  very unusual powers. 1 notice  that Mr. Bod well suggests that  there could be no imputation  against the government in connection, with the passing of a  private bill.  "I wish to protest against this  most dangerous doctrine.  "In my opinion the government are more peculiarly responsible for private bill legislation  than for public bills.  "Generally speaking private  bills are not discussed in the  House at all, but are decided by  the private bills committee."  m���������������_f���������������������������.������������������|������--  have been paid in bills maturing, been held in trust for Dr. Young,  A few lines we specially  recommend  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ���������'������������������' ���������Biscuits  Griff en & Skelleys  famous gold and  silverbar���������  Canned and dried  fruits  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., ltd.  Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  e  j  . W. Peck & Co. Ltd.  Manufacturers of  CLOTHING, SHIRTS,  GAPS and OVERALLS  *\  Vi  We carry a complete stock of Men's Furnishings  and all the best English  and American  Hats  JOHN W. PECK & CO., LTD.  MONTREAL       WINNIPEG      VANCOUVER  "ItAlways Pleases'  A Plan to Clear the Land.  It is now twenty-one years  since the first colonists landed in  Bella Coola. They were nearly  all men who had been farming  in other parts and came here for  the purpose of clearing the land  and make a living from the cultivation of the soil.  The isolation of the valley, the  distant markets, the infrequent  and insufficient means of transportation, limited means of the  settlers, and the ease of earning  ready money from other sources  had the effect of retarding the  development of agriculture, with  the result that Bella Coola, in the  face of general prosperity in her  midst, has very little to show as  evidence of a settlement of more  than twenty years.  The forces which were adverse  to farming have now to a great  extent faded away. With the  opening of the North and its  better markets, with better transportation and greater financial  ability, there is re-action on foot  in favor of going at that which  should be our main calling in a  more earnest manner. And such  a movement is for this place the  part of highest wisdom.  Farming as a calling is on a  higher level than ever before,  and besides it is the most independent, the most reliable, the  healthiest pursuit in which ordinary men can engage.  And Bella Coola has advantar  ges of which it is hard to find  the equal anywhere. We refer  to her fertile soil, her favorable  climate, and high priced markets.  The greatest drawback at the  present time is adequate facilities to clear the land in an economic way.  We are glad to learn that some  of our residents are now at work  formulating a plan by which  means can be raised for the purpose of obtaining a donkey engine with necessary gear for  the clearing of land. It is proposed to raise a capital of $3000  for this purpose. It is estimated that with an outfit as contemplated by the promoters, it  will be possible to clear slashed  areas at the rate of four or five  acres a week at a cost of about  $200, or about $50 per acre. This  will include labor, powder and  operating expenses.  We can think of nothing more  necessary for the development  of the district or of anything  that under present conditions will  promote prosperity more than an  enterprise of this kind; and we  therefore emphasize our appeal  to the men of the place who have  the means to show their faith,  their loyalty to our valley by  helping to make this proposition  a reality.  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  pOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  ** Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Tekkitorv, the Hokth-westTerritories and in a uortion of the Province of  British Columbia, may )>e leased for a term of  twenty-one years nt an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than a,600 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease-must be made by the  applicant in person to the Akcth or Sub-A������ent  of the district in which the rinhts applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or le^al subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for ahull be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. Jf the coal mining rights  are not taintf operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a yeur.  The lease will include the coal mininft rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior. Ottawa, or to any Attent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.U.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30C90.  BUSINESS CARDS  Geoffrey K. Burnett   D.J. McGuoan  C.E.. B.C.L.S., B.A.S.C. B.C.L.3.,  AS9. Ur. CAN. SOC. C.E.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geoffrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & Burnett)  CIVIL ENGINEERS and  B.C. LAND SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B. C.  City addressT-New Westminster, B.C.  P. O. Box 886. Telephone 232.  hoe  Fur Sales Agency  . 600 dealers and trappers of B..C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the.world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  HOE  Dealers and Trappers  We pay highest price for  your furs and castorium,  also handle goods on  commission, advancing  2-3 of value, our charges  being 5 per cent, for  handling.  THE EDMONTON HIDE & FUR CO.  P. O. Box 863  EDMONTON, Alta.  157 McDougall Ave.  THE INCENDIARY GERMANS.  Although the government of  the United States is scrupulously  careful that no official hint shall  be made that the fire which destroyed the Bethlehem Steel  Works in Pensylvania, was the  work of German plotters; yet it  is almost impossible not to notice  that circumstances point strongly  in that direcition.  At about the time of the fire  three other fires were discovered  in other parts of the works, but  were put out. The building was  considered fireproof and the  fire started at the base of an  elevator shaft. The loss is about  $1,000,000.  ^^^tm^sd  iheMason C? Ixisch Piano  of to-day will make plain out  privilege to slate with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  SB  tfj   Let us attend  your Victor Record  jJ  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  \jLTHAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \X7HAT person so independent?  \X7HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  oMife?  Bella  Coola  farmers are  independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  TTHE REASONS for this enviable condi-  ������������������ A tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile 'and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at-the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  DELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw miil at Bella Coola.  Gct"MoreMoney" for your Foxcj  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lyux, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected In your sectioa  SHIP YOUR FIT IIS DIRKCT to "SIlUnERT" the largest  house In the World dealing exclusively In NORTH AMERICAN KAW FUltS  a reliable���������responsible���������sate Fur House with nn unblemished reputation existing for "more than a third ot' a century," a lonx successful record of sending Kur Shippers prompt, SATISFACTORY  AN'D PROFITABLE returns.    Write for "TTtK ������bubtrt fcfwptr.  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  Write (or it���������NOV���������ifm FREE  A    O   CtlYTDCPT   !������/-   25-27 WEST AUSTIN AVE.  A- r>. oriUtSc.K.1, inc. Dept.c 67 Chicago, u-s.^.  teosaKiaMi������a  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1-00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1-50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. 0   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed  WJf ���������!��������� 1^-lllli li ���������    li Ml I Willi IIII BMIl^TTIi r ������������������-���������--| ��������� ' ������������������������������������"���������-������ '���������   ������������������        ���������������-"��������� EWJP  BELLA COOLA  COURIER  Saturday, ftecemher 4, /p^  \i >,-.  HI n  HOE  H  scribe  ie  Value of Oil Cake  Its Richness.in Protein Makes it a  Splendid Balancer to Other  Rations  ONEDOLLAR  *    FOR ONE YEAR  The (^ourier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coa& between .Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  AMis'iance of six hundred miles.  It will he to your.interest; to. keep well, informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section oj  this Province���������  :       THE "COURIERS  &IVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Nqw[is the time to keep  your'; name   before  the  public    No manufactur-  < er or/wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the op-  , -\ .��������� ��������� t ��������� -       -    ,i  portunity u. of    increased  /sale������ that public, advertising brings.  DEAL* ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  Perhaps you, are one who has  never as yet acquired the oilcake  habit.     If so,   the  time when  other feeds are dear, and when  flax seed is comparatively cheap,  ought to be a good time to make  a start.   That time is right now.  Both beef makers and milkmakers"  are feeling the force of the first  two  facts.     For coarse   grains  high prices are available in spot  cash.    It is hard for idairymen  or feeders to overlook this fact,  and   the  evidences   are   plainly  visible that they are not alto-  gether.  Oil cake is worth its price as a  "food alone.    But when it is considered that its richness in protein makes such a splendid balance to rations, all too strongly  inclined   to . run  to  the   carbohydrate side of. the table, the  fact.that with  it as  a  balance  these can  be fed to far greater  advantage makes.it an economic  factor, just like oil in the bearings of your machinery.  ' Added to.this, oil cake or old  process meal is a splendid tonic.  Some feeds are inert, some are  constipating, and others maintain  an open  condition  of the  digestive tract.     Of the latter  oil cake is the best.    It will go a  long way toward the realization  of glossy coats, velvety skins and  good general health.  Over and above all, oil meal is  worth nearly its price as a producer of fertilizer. Our land  needs some of its constituents,  and "often very-badly. Now is  a good time to make'a profitable  commencement of the oil cake  habit. ���������Canadian Countryman.  Wintering  Vegetables.  It is often a problem to know  how to keep our  winter vegetables after we have grown them.  The outside   root cellar is  the  best for many of them.    Cabbage  needs   to   be   kept  just  above  freezing point and in open crates.  If" kept in" a  warm  cellar and  packed' 'closely   they   will   not.  Turnips and potatoes both keep  "best in a place just above freezing.    While pumpkin and squash  need a warm, dry place, a temperature of fifty or more is good  for these vegetables.   It is better  that they should not touch each  other.    The. shells of pumpkins  and squash continue to harden,  and the harder they are the better they keep.    The softer shelled squashes andpumpkins should  be used first, as they will soon  spoil if kept.    Onions keep best  spread   out   in   layers   or open  crates where they may have free  air' circulation, dry and moderately warm is the requirement of  the onion for good keeping.  Salsify, parsnips, carrots and  beets all need storing in sand or  soil, and parsnips are much better flavored in ,-the spring than  they are in the winter. Spring  seems the proper time' to use  parsnips, and, in many places  these can be kept in the ground,  by being protected.  British Columbia's  Gift for Red Cross  Lieut.-Gov. Barnard Publishes-Result  of Appeal for British Society  Farmers should have the curry  comb handy so they will not'neg-  lect to curry the cows every  morning.  Job Printing  You tare judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let iis do your job printing. .' We will do it right.  WET MILKING.  Wet milking is'all wrong, because it is unsanitary, it is dirty;,  in cold weather it cracks and  chaps the teats. Those milkers  who are unable to break themselves of this bad practice it is  recommended that they use veterinary vaseline instead of-milk.  This softens the teats, makes  easy milking and is clean practice.  DUILD  UP  YOUR  HOME  TOWN..    Do not talk���������sup-  is  Plumbing  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of  Toronto.        . Let us quote, you.  KYDD BROS., LIMITED  ��������� Vancouver, B. C.  He best" way to show  ire in   earnest is to  porr hpmei industries ��������� talk  /cheap. /;  pthat%ou  ^practise it.?'  ��������� "*,:��������������������������������������������� iv.';v..,. ��������������� -  ��������� ���������' .  Support the "Courier" and you  ���������are doing something for yourself  arid yodr community.  Courier  a Year  "TTIE two principal reasons  why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock-' Hams, Bacon,.  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none . better.  SECOND���������  They   are   the   only  brands   produced  in  '      B. C.  under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  Delta Patriotic Society. .$ 100.00  Golden ;..,.,.....      45.00  Lillooet     172.00  Lillooet (school children) 7.05  Langley patriotic fund.. 35.00  Lady smith Red Cross  Society.-.; .'.     87.25  Cumberland Women's  Patriotic Society..      15.00  Duncan Red Cross Soc'y   160.00  Port Coquitlam       13.00  Nakusp    ..A..........     58.65  Nakusp (children)            2.65  Port Simpson     133.75  Creston    ...:..       57.90  Arrowhead Red Cross  Society;       47.85  Smithersj Mining Recorder '...      30.00  Ymir Red Cross Society.      20.00  Slocan '.       17.65  Agassiz       22.25  150-Mile House        52.00  Clinton :....    194.80  Telkwa     126.51  Skeena Crossing........    119.70  Hazelton ..,,: '.,..'    52.00  Pacific  .....'.,       11.00  Huptingdon and Sumas  Women's Institute     66.50  Revelstoke Red Cross  ' Society :..... 25.00  Port Essington       17.50  Revelstoke Women's  Canadian Club .. .'���������    11.00  Cranbrook St. John Am-  *   bulance Association    160.11  Grand Forks Red Cross  Society'....;    -350.00  Barkerville     340.00  Pitt Meadows... ,    57.25  Arrowhead '.        3.00  Windermere District ...      67.46  Stewart :.J.      60.50  Terrace '.'. ....  100.00  Quesnel .' ^.      38.80  Coquitlam           .6.00  Nicola     192.25  New Westminster     273.55  Agassiz       22.25  Hedley '.     100.00  Matsqui Women's Institute ....  -.     ,'8.������)0  Abbotsford ..; ,.      55.00  Duncan (additional)... ]      14.50  Quesnel School, Nanaimo-    30.00  Town of Esquimalt       25.00  Langford        7.00  Navy League concert,  Victoria 113.50  Sidney       95.10  Tag Day, City of Victoria  5102.30  McBride, Tete Jaune,  and Lucerne   ....    250.00  Salmon Arm ...........    158.00  Bella Coola and Hagensborg  ..V       54.50  Total..........-....$9385; 28  For Sale by  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER  ������  s  Ogilvie'i  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  From  Burns;  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  @i  jTOE  BACON  HAMS  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 189;  rynildsen&Co.  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  'CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes     ������    ������  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters, Trappers,^ Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mo& suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisioned  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds I  Patent Medicines of all description*  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept en hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  %r&  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  . BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C  ���������v-;;::������>;>���������  , -i. ��������� vy<


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