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Bella Coola Courier Dec 11, 1915

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 jF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCEL-  LENT HUNTING AND  FISHING.  WEATHER  REPORT FOR NOVEMBER.  Compiled   by  Mr. C.  H. Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature.- Maximum, 39.    Minimum, 25.  Highest Max. (3rd) 48.   Lowest Min. (12th) 17  Rainfall, 3.44 inches.     Snow, 4 inches.  1 VOL. 4���������NO. 9  Germans Making',  Preparations for  a Final Attempt  ' London^ Dec. 8.���������The Times  correspondent at Lausanne states  that the Krupp works are working at a feverish rate preparing  for a nY.al great offensive on the  Western front in the month of  January. He further states that  it is the'intention of the German  government that if this fails, it  will invite, the mediation of the  Pope and President Wilson.  The Germans received a great  fright during the great offensive  of the Anglo-French forces in  September. It is learned that  at that time the German fear of  disaster was so great that motor  cars were standing packed for  three days, ready for flight.  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, "DECEMBER II,  1915.  $1.00 a Year  Fourteen Women Face  a Firing Squad  El Paso, Texas, Dec. 8. ���������Fourteen fear-stricken women faced  General Villa's firing squad at  Casas Grandes Sunday morning  at sunrise, and fourteen newly  made graves were crowned with  crosses when the Villa firinp  squad tramped back to town after carrying out General Villa's-  decree.  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  Heavy Fighting in Serbia  London, Dec. 8.���������Allied armies  are still holding the south-east  corner of Serbia. Heavy fighting  has been in progress there for  the last few days.  Workmen Destroy Factory  Copenhagen, Dec. 8���������Dissatisfied workmen have blown up a  large ammunition factory in Saxony, hundreds of lives were lost.  By discovery in time a similar  disaster was averted at Bogden.  Germans Occupy Frontier  Station at Kenali  Paris. Dec. 8-Telegrams from  Fiorina, Greece, from an -official  source states that the village of  Kenali, Serbia, near the Greek  frontier, has been occupied by  German cavalry, and that the  frontier railroad station at Kenali has been occupied by several  German and Bulgarian officers  with eight German cuirassiers.  Peace Advocates Leave  New York, Dec. 8.���������Twenty  peace advocates, constituting the  second contingent of the Ford  expedition to Europe, will sail  this afternoon on the Scandinavian-American liner Frederick.  More French-Canadian  Regiments to be Raised  Ottawa, Dec. 8.���������A definite denial of the cable story of the  other day that the 1st Canadian  Battalion had suffered heavily in  a recent engagement was given  out this morning by Sir Sam  Hughes, minister of militia.  It was announced today by Sir  Sam Hughes that two more  French-Canadian regiments are  to be raised in Quebec.  British Steamer Sunk  London, Dec. 8.���������The British  steamer Commodore has been  sunk. The Commodore had a  gross tonnage of 5858 tons.  2026 Manitio%-Factories  London, Dec. 8.���������The minister  of munitions, Lloyd George, announced that there are now two  thousand and twent-six government controlled munition establishments.  The Bella Coola Ladies' Aid  Society held their sale last Saturday at the Hotel Hall, and it is  not too much to say that the  members spent a busy, profitable  and pleasant day.  They had fitted up in the hall  three booths for the sale of goods.  The one nearest the door and  superintended by Miss Bertha  Macdonald, aided by the Misses  Gibson, had for its further attractions a lot of candy and other  sweetnesses, proving so irresistible that they were disposed of  altogether too early. In another  booth Mesdames Brynildsen, Hill  and Fleming did a land office  business in coffee, cakes and  other refreshments. Mr. Wm.  Barlow lent the ladies his aid so  efficiently in their arduous labors  that he became indispensable.  Mesdames Grant, Morrison,  Carlson and Miss Addie Gibson  conducted the sale of dry goods  and managed to sell their well  made and artistic goods at war  time prices.  In the evening the crowd that  attended the program provided  was quite large and enthusiasm  ran high as the different performers did their parts. Rev. W.  H. Gibson presided and also found  time to tell a remarkable incident  from his former pastorate at  Rivers Inlet.  At the end of the literary part  of the program 0. Carlson was  called upon to auctioneer off the  goods remaining unsold. They  went in a jiffy, after which refreshments wore served to everybody free of* charge. After the  singing of patriotic songs the  entertainment closed.  The ladies are to be congratulated upon their efforts. The  proceeds of the different sales  were $88.15, with only $3.00 in  expenses to be deducted.  Mrs. Ed Gorden donated a pin  cushion for the benefit of the  Red Cross, the sale of which  brought $1.75. _  Collections for the relief of  Belgian orphans realized $1-1.50.  The school children have been  active in this cause and are to  be congratulated and thanked  for.their, ejl'orfs.  The S. S. Camosun while away  on her trip north did not make  up for any previously lost time.  When she arrived here on Sunday night she had lost another  24 hours, being 48 hours behind  her schedule, time. This was  caused in part, by rough weather  experienced in making the trip  from Queen Charlotte Islands to  Prince Rupert. She was obliged  ro put in at Masset for 14 hours  lfter having had some damage  done to her upper works by the  ?eas. She lost another six hours  on her call at Surf Inlet, because  the weather was too rough for  her to take the outside passage.  She took away from here several passengers, they were: S.  Grant, Edward Grant, A. F;  Gothard, T. Miller, C. C. Mills, G.  R. Lindsell, F. M. Brewster and  Andrew Stenswick and with, him  two children going to an orphan  home in Washington.  The concert will begin at 7:30  in the evening.    No admission  will be charged.    The fate of the  jdulcitone, for the raffle of which  tickets have been sold by some  | of our young ladies, will be de-  ; cided on this occasion.    It is sug-  jgested  that   prudence  requires  ! that the well-to-do members of  the settlement bring their spare  change along, as there probably  j will be a collection taken up on  ! behalf of the hospital.  Let the debt be cleared off so  that the New Year may be entered upon with a clean sheet.  There will be English service  held by C. Carlson at the Lower  Bella Coola School to-morrow  (Sunday) at 11 a. m.  A. F. Gothard, Sam Grant and  Edward Grant went out to enlist  for the war. Gothard and Sam  Grant have both stayed for a  number of years and own land in  the valley. Ed. Grant has his  home with his parents here and  will soon be fighting the battles  of our country beside his brother  Fred, "somewhere in France."  The best wishes of our community iollow these young men  who are willing to risk their all  for our land and its cause.   -  Mr. Lindsell intends to .stay  away for the winter on business  at Victoria and elsewhere.  Hand Loggers  WANTEDGOODSPRUCE LOGS  For particulars apply to���������  C. A. Kallman & Co.  614 21st Ave. East  Vancouver, B. C.  The men on their way to enlist  had, through a telegram received  by Mr. Gothard from Mr. Colwell, been led to believe that one  Dr. McNeair would be found on  board the Camosun ready to give  medical examination to such as  intended to go to the war. On  the strength of this information  other young men from a distance  who intend to enlist in the near  future, met the steamer for the  purpose of being examined; but  it was found that the information was incorrect, the doctor  did not materialize. It caused  some inconvenience and useless  expense, but did not delay matters at all, as those who had determined to go at this time went  without examination, and the  others were examined the following day by Dr. Sutherland and  passed. These will leave on the  next south bound steamer.  On Saturday, December ISth,  our doctor has arranged for a  concert to be held at the Hotel  Hall in the interest of the hospital. A large turnout is expected  as the program is to be of the  best.  .Mark Smaby, of Ocean Falls,  accompanied by his wife and two  children, paid friends here a  welcome visit last week. Their  stay was altogether too short as  they left again the following day.  Mr. Smaby informs us that there  are now 30 men at work doing  preliminary work for the large  undertakings to be carried on  next summer. It is the intention of the company to renew  the wharves, build another big  dam and erect a paper mill and  start manufacturing on a large  scale.        ___   Mrs. Fred' Covey, of South  Bentink Arm, is paying a visit to  our burg. As a rule she finds  her visits here so pleasant that  her husband has to come and  fetch her home.  Rev. W. H. Gibson will conduct the usual Sunday evening  service at the Mackenzie School  tomorrow7 evening.  I. Fougner, Indian-agent, returned last week from an extended trip through his district.  Jim Wilson, an Indian, and his  two sons, on a trapping expedition to Kwatna, situated half way  down the inlet, had great luck  hunting bears a short time ago.  They brought to grief four great  grizzlies in one day and two  more the day following. Such  a hunter's paradise should prove  attractive to hunters of big game.  The Bella Coola Indians are  not-behind hand in being public  spirited. They found that the  government road leading to the  village needed repairs and instead  of indulging in criticism and doing nothing, they turned out almost to a man, with all their  teams and worked several ..days  putting the road in shape. When  Mr. Jennings, our road-superintendent, comes here, they say  they will give him some pointers  on how to repair roads, which no  doubt Jwill be duly appreciated.  Mr. and Mrs. Albert King had  the sorrow of losing, by death,  their little son aged three years.  ���������o-<"*o <"w>^rto ^TMxjf>4ij  FOR SALE  .   |l    ���������     I        ���������   I   ���������  III   I IB      II      I ]  A FARM,> 31 acres of fine agricultural  land, ^''Screa under cultivation,^,with ,  50 young fruit trees just coming into  bearing; a number of berry bushes.  All the houses necessary in good condition. This farm is situated on the  main wagon road, five miles from the  town, quarter mile from schoolhouse.  Apply to the owner j  PAUL FREDLAND, j  BELLA COOLA,  B. C. '  (Elutrrl? Nutto ;  ?  Sunday  School  Church Service  10:45 a. m.  7:30 p.m.  j  Preacher for Sunday���������Rev.  W. H. Gibson.  Rev.   T. C.  Colwell, B. A., Pastor  We are in receipt of a letter  from Mr. Colwell who, together  with .Mr." Grainger, left here  three weeks ago to join the  army. His letter is dated Vancouver, November 30, and we  quote from it the following:  "I have joined the Comox-  Atlin regiment, the 102, and expect to leave for Comox on the  Saturday of this week. With me  in passing the doctor were two  Comox-Atlin men, one a former  "tilicum" of Bella Coola and  we'll acquainted with all the old  timers, Mr. Maitland.  "Lieut.-Colonel Warden, who  has been home recovering from  wounds, is our officer; a splendid  gentleman and every inch a  soldier. We also met one of our  captains (Scharsmidt), also home  wounded. Both these men are  good officers. Recruiting is taking place for the regiment at  Comox, Prince Rupert, Kamloops  and Fernie, and. we expect to be  in training soon."  For Your Xmas  wants come to  The Store  that stocks only  the very best  Apples, Oranges,  Bananas  <_������j^������<j������^"<j������������  Many of our readers who havc  lived on the coast for a numbei  of years will remember Robert  Mitchell, who has. stopped at  Bella Coola, Kimsquit and othei  places in the vicinity in pursuit  of the elusive dollar. He says  in a letter to a friend here: "1  have took a tumble at last. 1  was married on November 4th to  Mrs. E. Bergner of Seattle."  They were married at Kitimaat  by Geo. Anderson, the registrar,  and are now settled down to  housekeeping on tneir ranch a  short distance frcm the head of  the inlet.  - After Bob had been married a  few days he felt so elated over  his "tumble" that he celebrated  on the 10th by holding what he  calls a reception. Covers were  laid for 22 and they all had a  "swell time" in the backwoods  of Kitimaat.  The Courier wishes the happy  couple a long and happy life.  Mr. Frank Hallett, Bob's business partner and of equal fame  has resolved to follow Bob's example soon and try the same sort  of a "tumble," and as we believe  with equal success.  .nay  a  MALAGASandALMIRE  GRAPES  Fancy Table Raisins  UTTER, CHEESE  EGGS  STOCK FISH  A large assortment  of Fancy Goods,  Doll and Toys  of all kinds suitable  for  Christmas Presents  On Wednesday afternoon, December  15th, at  2 o'clock, the  Ladies' Aid and W. C. T. U. will  hold a joint meeting at the home'  of Mrs. Charlton to discuss the j  disposal of proceeds of bazaar, j  and to pack the box for Ihe Victoria Home for Friendless Women.    Any donations for the latter  in the form of clothing, bedding,  linen, toys, etc., will be most acceptable.  Phone in your orders  SHOP EARLY  NOTICE  The Annual Meeting: of* the  Bella Coola Farmers' Institute  will be held in the Colony Hall,  Hagensborg, at2p.m. on.Monday  the 20th day of December, li)15.  Election of officers for the ensuing year and one delegate to  represent Bella Coola at the Central Farmers' Institute, and any  other business.  Everybody welcome.  A. Hammer, Sec.-Treas.  AS THE COURIER  will not be published the last week  in this year we take this opportunity of advising those of its readers  who are not among our customers  to start the New Year right by  dealing strictly at  THE STORE  That Gives Value for  Your Money  B. Brynildsen  Co.  ���������J8M* BELLA COOLA "-COURIER  Saturday, ftecemler //, Jg^  The Courier  PUBLISHEDfWEEKLV AT BELLA COOLA BY  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1 Year $1.00  6 Months       0.75  3 Month*        0.50  United States  1 Year... .i $1.50  if  ,.  1 United. Kingdom'  1 Year..: $1.00  :��������� -   ./;���������= ~  ��������� Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising Rates,  Apply at  %       Office.  ,  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the  . name and qtddreasof every writer of audi letters  must be (riyen to the editor.  The Editoi" reserves the risrht to refuse publi-  ,cation of ajpy letter.    All manuscript at writer's  ri"k-       r* v     ,    r  better to arrogate to themselves  the wisdom of the ages and'express contempt of the men and  women who today are fighting  for that reform which is given  this age to accomplish.  In the light of the same history  it is almost certain that if civilization is still progressing the  dispised and impractical reformers of today will prove themselves victorious in the present  battle for the abolition of the  liquor traffic, which has proven  itself to be the greatest hindrance to the uniform ��������� development and progress of the mepi-  bers of the civilized nations.  NOALUM  ^aREDTJSTv"  PLAINLY  ������EWH1TEST,  $0������D1������  Vancouver Office - - 317-323 Cambie St.  SATURDAY, DEC. 11, .1915.  "VJ^E'beg to remind, our read-  . ' . ers that the Courier having completed its third year  the ^subscriptions -of all our  early subscribers are now. due  for renewal.  The management wishes to  thank oar numerous readers  for their, "support.'during,.the  past and trusts to a continuance of- the samein the future^  The subscription rate remains at $1  per year, payable strictly in advance.  Reactionaries of the Day.  '     . "Does it ever occur to "the de-  fenders of the liquor traffic that  -   they are" in the same class with  those.- who in , bygone' .days op-  '���������"V   ���������  '  ���������   ������    "J - ,  ��������� I.  '< posed reforms, the-realization of  ;���������-* which .brought civilization for-  " .ward and thus improved the con-  ;. ditions of men ?  1'It is aifact that every age has  its work to do, its task to perform in order that the progress  of the world be maintained.. It  is the continual struggle in the  . cause of righteousness that keeps  society from stagnation and de-  cay. It takes men and women  imbued with a strong sense of  justice and a high degree of optimism to take the lead and enlist the attention of the masses  of the people; and it has always  been found that these pioneers  in reform have been the object  of the persecutions, revilings and  a,  scoffings/of the reactionaries in  society, the clogs to human progress.   -  The men who opposed the Reformation in the sixteenth century; who-opposed the Puritans  In their Struggle against monarchical, absolutism in the seventeenth/ and were  against  the  '������������������    '��������� * ���������  abolitionists in their fight forjfree-  dom of the slaves, and opposition  to slavery in the eighteenth and  nineteenth centuries; arerepre-j  sented in this twentieth century J  by the men who oppose the prohibition of the liquor traffic.  Theyh,ave had and have among  their numbers men-of conspieu-  , ous ability who would adorn the  pages of; history for deeds done  in their country's service, but,  who, because of their blindness  to the need of the reforms of the  day have left a stain on their  records which time will not obliterate.  It does not look well for the reactionaries of today who in the  light  of  history, should  know  Peace of the World.  Something that is past the understanding of an ordinary mor-.  tal is that the friends of peace  are generally working in favor  of the interests of Germany.  They are deploring the shipping  of munitions of war to the Allies,  defending inhuman acts of the  Germans,' criticising English  manner of policing the commerce  of Germany.  - Mr. W. J. Bryan, the foremost  apostle of peace on the continent,  has written a pamphlet on "British rule in India," which has been  .recently, published, by" his consent no doubt,'into the Hindostan  language for circulation in India.  In this, pamphlet he condemns  British rule as "far worse, far  more burdensome to the people  and far more unjust than I had  supposed.''  How proceedings of this kind  can .be construed in the interest  of peace it will probably'require  the reasoning   of - a peace ad-  vocate to explain."  ' If for a moment we should adr  mit.this .preposterous statement  "as true, "yet,we cannot see how  at this time it'will do any good  either for the jvorld at large or  India alone to stir up dissensions  which can-be avoided.   If he is  so   anxious-   for    peace   why  not'wait until the war is over  before he starts  to straighten  out matters in far off India. The  present war is of sufficient magnitude to occupy nearly all  of  anyone's attention, and it is always a good rule to settle one  thing at a time so as to avoid  In the light of Germany's attitude at the  beginning of the  History  and Experience of  Small Value to Our  Statesmen.  Sir Richard McBride and his  government are, in their own  estimation at least, so great that  the need learn nothing from the  experience of others.' In their  eminence they can look with, pity  upon the immature efforts of  Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Russia, nineteen states of the  United States and other portions  of,the world in the matter of  legislation for the suppression of  the liquor evil.  ' In other questions of state  these eminent statesmen find it  necessary to appoint commissions  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd  VANCOUVER, B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND  MEN'S  FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE  OF THE  WEST"  BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  MADE    IN    B. C."  Prompt Attention Given  understand how the peace advocates  can  rely  on  Germany to  war and afterwards, it is hard to to traverse the earth to gather  facts and opinions on which to  base legislation; although it must  work   for   the   maintenance of [ be conceded that our statesmen  have not availed themselves of  the information gathered, but  that in spite-of-the fact that  money has been lavishly spent to  provide for the material-comforts  of the members of these important-commissions, the result of  their investigations have not  been found worthy of being incorporated in British Columbia  statutes.  Listen to what the premier of  this province a few^days ago uttered in reply to.jthe defenders  of   the   liquor . traffic  confusing the issues.  peace except as far as it will advance its own interests. If she  believes' her interests require it  she has proven by her acts that  she will break the most ^solemn  treaties, trample international  law, rules of civilized warfare,  principles of justice and mercy  under foot in order to gain her  selfish ends. Her actions speak  louder than thunder of her unreliability in the work-for peace.  It is hard.to understand"How  the neutral   nations   expect to  keep^Germany in check after she  has proven herself the stronger  in this war."'- 'How "can they be  able to maintain the peace of the  world against a nationNso power-  ful and one who proclaims that  "might is right," believes in the  rule.of "blood and iron,"-"the  mailed fist,"  and   "the shining  armor," as national .watchwords?  The twentieth century willnot  tolerate rules in accord with such  maxims,-and any nation "strong  enough to practise them against  the peace of the world;-must'be  crushed.    And in order that this  end   may   be   accomplished we  maintain that- the Allies are doing more for the peace of the  world than all the peace advocates of the neutral nations.together.  The sooner the military spirit  is crushed, the sooner there will  be permanent peace; a peace in  harmony with the laws of God,  and towards that end let us all  labor.  Gault Brothers Limited  WHOLESALE <DRY GOODS  361 Water Street        Vancouver, B.C.  <J Qault Brothers for over 60 years haoe successfully  maintained wholesale warehouses throughout Canada  1$ The Vancouver stock ������ the largest and best assorted  stsck on the Coast, in some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES  SMALLWARES  RIBBONS  Ready-lo-Wear  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  House Furnishings  CARPETS  LINENS  DRESS GOODS  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  prohibition or no prohibition.  That he will maintain his right  to dictate the legislation of the  province without consulting the  wishes of the majority. He will  arguing'not trust the people to express  against the right of the majority an unequivocal opinion on this  of the people having a voice in momentous issue. _ Anyone ac-  the direction of the policies" of quainted with the"character of  the province: * the premier* will naturally infer  '-'I am unable as yet to bring his attitude is dictated  by his  myself to believe that it is in- friendliness to the liquor traffic.  in  our  cum bent  upon   the  British Columbia to  people  of  base their  Energetic   efforts   are   being  made by the friends of the move-  legislation upon what is done in ment to keep the question of pro-  Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatche- hibition out of party politics, but  wan, or even Russia. We in it seems their efforts ;will be  this province have shown some frustrated by the attitude of the  capacity to look after, our own government  affairs. (!!) We are working  under a constitutional government, and when we show ourselves unable- to direct our own  affairs properly, the privilege of  the constitution will be withdrawn from us."  At this writing we have not  learned what Sir Richard's reply  to the demands of The People's  Prohibition Movement will be  like;- but we infer that;.he'will  refuse to give the people a chance  to vote oh  a- straight issue of  Pruning Schools.  . "In 3914, the first year pruning  schools were offered, 25 were  held, and in 1915 the number increased to 47. As these schools  proved to be very beneficial to  the fruit-growers the Department has decided to offer them  again."  The above is quoted from the  Penticton Herald and should be  given more than -passing atten-  IMPERIAL OIL CO.  OE  tion   by   the   farmers  vicinity.  There are a great many fruit-  trees in the valley and although  we are no authority on the subject we believe that the farmers  here need instruction on pruning  just as much as the farmers in  the southern part of the province.  The government maintains in  this district an horticulturist who  is fully competent to give similar  instruction as that of the pruning  'schoolsreferred to.    The holding  of such  schools here with the  horticulturist as instructor would  involve no additional expense to  the government, and if they have  proven of benefit to the farmers  in other places there is no reason  why they should not also prove  the same here.  The Farmers' Institute at its  annual meeting on the 20th inst.  should among other matters also  take up this question.  Every visit of the district horticulturist should be with some  definite object in view, which  the farmers should be made  aware of; on these occasions the  observations   and   the   recom-  o^r������ r^oc^fo^^f^ ^������*"> <���������������*"?������  POLARINE  JV  The Best Known and  Popular Lubricant for  SVBotor Boats  its us* assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or In cylinders  i  LTD., VANCOUVER, B.C.  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SEKVK'K  BETWEEN  Vancouver, Bella Coola and Prince Rupert  0  S. S.    CAMOSUN'^  aves Bella Coola for Prince RupeVtW-6 p. m. Thursday Sept. 30; Oct. 14, 28; Nov. 11, 25; Dec. 9, 23.  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY,  Leaves Bella Coola for Vancouver at 10 p. m.  Oct. 8, 22; Nov. 5, 19; Dec. 3, 17, 31.  Friday  S. S. " COQUITLAM " or S. S. "Capilano" sailing  from Vancouver every week, carrying Gasoline and  Explosives, will call at Bella Coola by arrangement.  ly U>  For rates of Freights, Fares and otticr-information, afP'-V' '  Head Office, Carrali, St., VancouvSu ; or Geo. McO"*-*"'"  agent, 1003 Government St., Victoria.  tlH  ''yZFMP'*  , ^^M^mMt^^"'^ SaiurM Decemter-/.J[I\ 1915  BELLA COOLA  COURIER  J  C  3  i  o  o  0  nidations of the' horticulturist  should be given to the farmers  at meetings 'held in different  of the valley. ; In this way  parts  The Value of Cultivation.       j  The methods  practiced  by aj  Nova Scotia farmer  Seasonable Hints No. 3" for  November,   December,   January  and  February,   published   from  from the Dominion Experimental  the expenditure involved in the | Farm, Ottawa, is out, and con- potatoes and which yielded him I  salary and expenses of this much : tains what the title states a num- a crop of 500 bushels to the acre '  needed-official  would   be  more , ber of seasonable hints.    It is are so e-wv tn ,w f   tk 77  tnh3tl repaid in   better methods | well worth every farmer's time are so ea^ to )mitate that farmed subsequent greater results: to get one and study this little  the farming industry. ' book.  ���������in  A feu) lines we specially  recommend  i-  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ���������biscuits  Griiren & Skelleys   '  famous gold and  silverbar���������-  Canned and dried  fruits  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers  Van  couver,  B.C.  f  K  J. W. Peck & Co. Ltd.  Manufacturers of  CLOTHING, SHIRTS,  CAPS and OVERALLS  We carry a complete stock of Men's Furnishings  and all the best English  and American  Hats  JOHN W. PECK & CO., LTD.  MONTREAL        WINNIPEG       VANCOUVER  ^  in   raising! SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  pOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  *" Manitoba, Saskatchewan unci Albekta.  the Yukon Territory, tlic North-west Territories mid in a portion of the Province of  Pre am   fluV   nr.r.r.t-   ���������_ ���������    v. i.       ���������., i i    i   Bk't'k" Colvmbia, may be leaaed for a term of  Clb Oil   tnib   COaSt   might  With  ad- I   twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre.    Not more than 2.5(i0 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Atfent or Sub-Afcent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or lefyal subdivisions of sections, and in unaurveyed territory the tract applied for shall bo staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of So which will be refunded i.f the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of live cents per ton;  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royulty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operatedrsuch returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. H.��������� Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid* for.���������3C09O.'  J  vantage consider the wisdom of  following his example. The  Family Herald .tells the story as  follows:  "In November, 1914, he plowed  a two-acre field that had been  down two years to a clover and  timothy crop.    Then as early as  he could go to work on the land  in the spring he harrowed the  field with a heavy spring tooth  harrow, and then  let the land  dry for a week or two.    When  the land was thoroughly dry he  went over it with  a  heavy in-  throw disc harrow, and let it dry  again.   ���������Next, he went over the  field with a heavy levelling harrow, and once more let dry for  some time.    Still once more he  disked  and harrowed   the  field  with  the  levelling harrow,   repeating this operation  once or  twice until planting time.  On the first day of June, the  soil being then in a good dry condition, Mr. Veinotte rolled the  field with a heavy roller. Following this, he sowed broadcast  half the fertilizer he planned to  use, and harrowed this in with a  heavy spring tooth harrow. Next  a day later he began his planting,  sowing the remainder of his fertilizer in the potato drills. He  used sixteen hundred pounds per  acre of what is called 4-8-4 mixture of commercial fertilizer;  that is, a mixture containing 4  per cent ammonia, 8 per cent  soluble phosphoric acid, and 4.  per cent potash. This fertilizer  which was about the highest  grade offered for sale in Nova  Scotia last spring, cost him $42  per ton.  Mr. Veinotte prefers the Carmen variety of potatoes, , and  plants his seed by hand. He thoroughly believes in making a  special selection of his seed, in  order to insure a big crop. He  reoemmends the selection of the  seed from the hills at the tinre  they are being dug, and the  choosing of medium-sized, well-  shaped potatoes from the heaviest yielding hills. He himself  does not plant very deeply, not  more than 4 inches. In his own  field the potato drills were 34  inches apart and the sets were  planted 12 to 16 inches apart in  the rows. When the leaves of  the plants appeared just above  the rows, he went over the field  with hacks (hoes,) so as to stop  the Growth of weeds, before they  I have become large enough to  cause trouble. Immediately aft-  i er this operation, he began work  with his cultivator; and during  jthe season cultivated the field  again at least eight times. For,  in his own words, "the use.of  the cultivator is one of the most  profitable devices for the potato  grower to employ, and he can-  | not cultivate his potato field too  i often."   V  BUSINESS CARDS  y^EsffiSBE^iiiiiSigijiggg  TheMason (Sr Fxisch Piano  of to-day will make plain our  prioilege to slate with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO'MADE/"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  g  tf|T  Let us attend  your Victor Record  Jl  mail orders-our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  3  CD]   C  ]   [  \]|7HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  .Geoffrey K. Burnett   D. J. McGugan  C.E., B.C.L.S., B.A.S.C, U.C.L.S.,  ASH. m. can. sjoc. c.e.  Burnett & McGugan  (Successors to Geoffrey K. Burnett)  (Late Hill & Burnett)  CIVIL ENGINEERS and  B.C. LAND SURVEYORS  Grand View Hotel, Bella Coola, B.C.  City address���������New Westminster, B.C.  ��������� V. O. Box 886. Telephone 232.  HAT person so independent?  w  \\JHAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of   the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola   farmers are  independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  HOE  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  mi  >1   fo!  Dealers and Trappers  We pay highest price for  your furs and castorium,  also handle goods on  commission, advancing  2-3 of value, our charges  being 5 per cent, for  handling.  ���������yHE REASONS  for this enviable condition of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or r.o  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers'with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year'when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  T>ELLA COOLA and the surrounding  "~^ country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  Keep pullets and hens separate  'and do not allow anything to  disturb them. A good feed combination of grain is two parts  wheat, one of corn, one of oats  and one of barley. Feed this  morning and evening in heavy  litter. Keep a dry mash before  them, also beef scraps and plenty  of clean fresh water.  Get "More Money" for your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected Io younecrion  SHIP YOITR FURS DIRECT to "SUCHERT" the Urocst  house in Ihe World dealing exclusively in NORTH AMERICAN RAW FUfcS  a reliable���������responsible���������safe Kur House with an unblemished reputation existing for "mure than n third of a century." a lon^ suc  cessful record of sending Kur Shippers prompt.SAT 1SFACTOR.Y  AN l> PROFITABLE returns.    Write for   (Tbt febubrrt *b(pp������.  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  r  Write for il-NOV-ll'ii FREE  AD   CUTTRFDT   I������-   25-27 WEST AUSTIN AVE.  . 15. isriU BtK 1, inc. Dept.c 67 Chicago. u.s.a.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA  COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $'-00  Six Months   0-75  Three Months  0-50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $!-������������  earmtisriMJii  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P: O   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed mi  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER  ��������� HI ������-JW.������W<IMf*W  v T-anfuvuiu nu?*w n> j������bw>'4M** * f *  O  HOE  D  ONE" DOLLAR  *  AR  The. Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coast between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles.  fi  It Will be to your interest to l^eep well informed regarding the  happenings' throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now.^is the time to keep  your; name before the  public. No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales; that public advertising brings.  DEAL-.ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The' North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. . Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  You are judged * by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  We have another letter from  Fred Grant telling about life behind the firing line as he finds it.  It isasinterestingasastory of  fighting and we therefore publish  it knowing that our readers will  enjoy the reading of it:  Behind the Lines.  Monday afternoon.    I left my  equipment with the transport and  went along  with   the   quartermaster to take some supplies on  horseback to our regiment which  was up near the firing line, however, we met the troops coming  back, so fell in behind.them and  followed for about 7 miles in a  northerly   direction   where   we  distributed the rations and left  them.     The  brigade went  into  the trenches and I would have  gone too, but could not on account of not having my equipment.    After waiting at a village  (which was practically blown to  pieces) for three hours our trans-  port came along.    By this time  it was 1 a. hi. and I was just getting my blankets unrolled, when  we were given   orders' to move  again, and a good thing we did  as we had only- been haIf:an-hour  gone when the Germans dropped  40 shells right where we were.  As we were leaving I crawled in  among some blankets on one of  the   wagons, and   went   sound  asleep.     We'got to our camp  about 4 a. m., and after floundering through the mud for awhile  I found a hut which was fairly  comfortable, so got in and slept  until nearly 9 a. m.    For the last  three days I .have been helping  the quartermaster  putting the  rations up in sacks, enough for  one troop, which can be easily  carried  from  the  clump to the  trenches.     The dump is nearly  two miles  from here and from  there to the front line another  two miles.1     The   supplies   are  carried most of the latter part of  the   way   on   a small  tram-car  which runs along the communication trench.    The fellows say the  reserve trenches are - the most  dangerous  places, for they are  shelled the most.    Our sergeant-  major was shot by a sniper last  night;   the   bullet   went night  through  his heart,  killing him  instantly.    Our regiment is com  ing put of the trenches tomorrow  night and going, further south  again.    Tonight we are in a big  barn, with a nice pile of hay to  sleep on and a coal stove to keep  us   warm.      The  weather isn't  very cold yet.    Our machine gun  section caught a German fixing  a platform up a tree for one of  their machine guns, and it wasn't  very long  before they dropped  him.    20th October.���������It is awful  the way some of the towns and  villages are destroyed.    On Sunday night we were in the trenches  as a fatigue partj'.    We dug one  trench- three feet deeper.    The  machine gun and rifle fire kept,  up all night, but we were quite  safe down in the trenches.    We  slept the most part of Sunday  and   in    the   evening went to  jhurch,   which   was   very  nice.  This is a great farming country,  you s:e farmers, plowing, right  up close to the firing line, where  ihells are dropped pretty thick  sometimes, and they don't seem  tomindatall.   31st.���������Yesterday  'a part of our party were shelled  out,  fortunately there were no  casualties.    Kind remembrances  to" all.   *  Fred Grant.  Saturday, fbeceml^ //  W  Re Postage on  Parcels Going to  Troops in France  BAZAAR  A 3'oung ladies' society (official  name unknown) of Hagensborg,  will hold an auction next Tuesday  at the Colony Hall.  The proceeds, which according  to former experience will be large  will -be devoted^ to pay for improvements of the church  property.   '     . ,  Ottawa, Dec. 8.���������The Post Office Department is in receipt of  applications to have parcels addressed to our soldiers in France  sent free or at reduced rates of  postage, there evidently being an  impression that the Department  has control of these rates and  could do as it wished, but ttiis is  not so, as the question of postage  is fixed by "International agree-;  ment, so that'it is not within the  power of the;; Canadian Post Office-Department to undertake to  carry the parcels free or at a reduced rate of postage.    Under  International  law, \ provision   is  made for the free transmission  of parcels for prisoners of war,  but this privilege does not extend  to parcels for troops engaged in  active service, nor is it within  the power of the Department to  so extend it.  The rate of postage required  on parcels addressed to the troops  depends upon the location of the  addressee. ' If the addressee is  in England, the rate on parcels  for England applies,' which is  12 cents .per pound; whilst, if he  is in France, the parcels are subject to the 'rates applicable to  parcels for France, which are as  follows:-  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1895  OVERALLS  GLOVES  1 lb. 32.cents;  3 lbs. 48 cents;  5 ibs. 72-cents;  7 lbs. 88 cents;  9 lbs. $1.10; :-  11 lbs.  2 lbs.. 40 cents;  4 lbs. 64 cents;  6 lbs. 80 cents;  8 lbs. $1.02;  10 lbs. $1.18;  $1.26.  Finmfeisii  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU" direct Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of  Toronto. Let us quote vou.  KYDD BROS., LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  These - are exactly the same  charges which existed for years  between Canada, England and  -France before the war, and are  the result of an agreement or  Convention made between these  countries and Canada, and as  these countries have not agreed  to lower-their rates between  England and France, Canada has  to pay to them the same rates as  before the war and must charge  the same postage.  In all cases parcels for the  troops must be addressed caflfe of  Army Post Office, London, Eng-  and", but this does not in any  way affect the rate of postage  which depends entirely upon the  location of the addressee.  ADVERTISE IN THE "COURIER  1)  DUILD UP YOUR HOME!  TOWN.; Do not talk���������sup-i  port home* industries.��������� talk is I  cheap. The best way- to show;  that you are fn earnest is to -  practise it. " <  Support the "Courier" and you I  are doing something for yourself!  and your community.  a  every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  o  <                ioi               ���������>  o  "THE two principal reasons  why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  Mrns;  LARD  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and  Provisioners  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  Ogilvie's  Icoyal Household. Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  From  rynildsen  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  Gene r a I M e re h a n d i s e  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING  AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes :; ������    ������  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  Settlers, Prospedors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mosl: suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  - Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  GOOD GROCERS  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices- Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT ANQ SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C.

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