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Bella Coola Courier Apr 14, 1917

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 V>  ij  IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCEL-  LENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR MARCH  Compiled  by Mr. C.  H. Uraeth, of the  Bella Con)a Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 43.   Minimum, 20.  Highest Max. (_7th) 56. Lowest Min.t2r.d) 12  Rainfall, 1.36.    Sno%vl8in.  Rainfall for the year (1910) 40.89 inches.  VOL. 5���������NO. 18  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, APRIL 14, 1917.  $1.00 a Year  g Drive Now On-Canadians Capture Famous Ridge  Overshadows the  Somme Drive  London,  April, 10.���������Fighting  today inaugurated, with a drive  of such concerted "force that it  over shadows  even   the  great  Somrne drive of a year ago.   In  the air, vast droves of British  airmen   hovered   like   seagulls,  while below the tanks went in  action ahead of struggling infantrymen.   The drive commenced this morning in a high and  driving sleet storm,  movement  started along a wide front from  Lens to Cambrai.   Gen. Haig is  striking today the most formidable blow so far launched at the  Hindenburg line in this sector.  Offensive extends over a front of  twenty-five miles and the thrust  is at tee two key positions on the  defensive line, Cambrai and St.  Quentin. The German line everywhere has been penetrated and  satisfactory progress   is  being  'made.  German autocrats see" their  dynasty crumbling. The action  of the Kaiser in proposing the  extension of the franchise is  highly significant.  British aeroplane sunk enemy  destroyer and crippled another  off the Belgian coast.  Russians Relinquish  Claim on Constantinople  Petrograd, April 11.���������The provisional government announced  its relinquishment of the claim  for Russia to have Constantin-  ople as part of price of peace by  bureaucratic regime. Russia  does not lust for strengthening  her power abroad at the expense  of other nations, neither does  she aim to subjugate or humiliate any one.  Russsians still forcing Turks  backward in the Caucasus.  Canadians Capture  Vimy Ridge  Also Take in 5000 Prisoners  Canadian Headquarters, France  via London, April 10.���������War on  the western front moved more  rapidly in last five weeks, but it  broke into full swing today as  widening their attack which they  have been directing against retreating Germans in Somme sector, British struck further north  and in series of assaults on a  broad front with Arras as pivot,  drove the Germans from scores  of important positions and penetrated far into German lines inflicting heavy casualties. In territory captured is the famous  Vimy ridge, which has been  fought for time and again since  war was ten months old. Fighting on Vimy ridge was carried  ���������out by Canadians, who took over  two thousand prisoners. Number of. prisoners taken < in last  12 hours exceeds five thousand.  The drive continues. .  Austria Breaks With  the United States  Washington, April 10���������Austria  formerly broke relations with  the United States today. Ambassador ,Zwiediniek called at  state department and asked for  his passports, he informed the  department the order for his  action was issued yesterday. The  America'n'anvbassador at Vienna  knows nothing of the break in  relations, he having left that  city on the 7th. No change in  status of relations between States  and Turkey or Bulgaria. ���������.Swed  en assumes charge of Austrian  interests, and whether war will  be declared against Austria depends largely upon- her official  action.  Patrol warships have been established along the Atlantic and  Gulf coasts. The government  may shut off the coal supply to  Argentine Republic if latter do  not lift the wheat embargo to  Allies.  United States to loan three  billion dollars to Allies and further monies to be held ready.  15,000 Germans Taken  So Far In the Drive  Facing Last Trench of German _ine  London, April 11���������Gen. Haig's  forces in the big drive so far  have captured 15,000 prisoners  and between fifty and one hundred guns. Driving force of the  great offensive undiminished, today the British advanced to a  point four miles east of Arras  andtj stormed four systems of  trenches along the north bank of  the Scarpe to Briond, thought to  be impregnable. South of Scarpe  British face last trench of German line, nearly opposite famous  Hindenburg line.  Canadians landed a smashing  blow the enemy when they took  Vimy ridge, the whole strategy  of the German retreat in the  west depended upon holdingfirm-  ly to the position, loss of ridge  places the.retirement scheme in  danger of fracture. ��������� The enemy  had devoted all the arts of forti-  Liner New York  /   Strikes a Mine  .   Washington, April 11.���������American liner New York, struck a  mine last night outside the Liverpool bar. Passengers and crew  all safe, the ship has since been  docked.-"  War rheasures'grind onward.  Congressional committees' proceed steadily with elaborate preparations for the struggle. The  government may take over cer-  tain railroads. Col. Roosevelt  strongly,favors compulsory service. ���������  Taunton, Mass., April 11.���������  Fire broke out early today in the  plant of the Miehele Press Co.  The company have been manufacturing shells for Russia.  Factory Blown  Up  Philadelphia, April 11.���������When  the shapnel factory of the Baldwin Locomotive Works, at Eddy-  stone, blew up from a series of  three explosions, one hundred  persons were killed and three  hundred injured, many of them  seriously. The wrecking of the  factory is believed to be the work  of incenderism and the Depart-1  ment of Justice is investigating, j three million dollais.  Mysterious Fires  Minneapolis, April 11. ���������The  origin of mysterious fires which  destroyed two large grain' elevators last night, and another which  threatened the bridge across the  Mississippi river at Fort Smelling, is puzzling- the authorities.  No guards had been stationed at  tji������ burned structures, the estimated loss of which is placed at  left during the week and will perfect health after his previous  visit all the Indian schools in the experience with the Germans,  northern section of the province  before returning to Vancouver.  fication to make Vimy impregnable.   ' '*    _J   Paris/ April 11.���������French civil  population ordered to evacuate  .Rhe4ms.,j;  ���������, ....  El Paso, April 10���������Four thousand troops under Gen. Murguia,  with artillery, are encamped  near the border. U. S. troops  across near the border have been  ordered to have guns trained as  a precautionary measure in view  of the presence of larjge numbers  of Mexican troops in Juarez.  New York, April 10.- Brazil,  Peru, Chile, Uruguay, Honduras  and, Guatemala seriously contemplating war on Germany.  The dreadnaught Queen Elizabeth, one of Britain's most  powerful warships.  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  "There's so much good in the worst of us,  And so much bad in the best of us,  That it hardly behooves any of us to talk  about the rest of us."  Paris, April 10--French: force's  continue to advance in the region  of Maisson de Champagne. German attack nea|^h|im|,:re|ialsed  with heavy losses-1& the' gfremy.  Berlin, April 10,-^-We lost over  450 aeroplanes during.March.  Rotterdam, April 10.���������Discontent growing amongst German  soldiers who resent sparse fare  whilst the officers feast.  Terrible Mining  Disaster at Fernie  ���������___,���������.���������.���������_ _ (,.-���������  ' Fernie, B.C., April 10.���������The  mine rescuers have penetrated a  great distance without finding  any more bodies. The Coal Creek  ffiMes Nos. 2 and 3 were wrecked  hy a terrific explosion on Sunday  night. Death roll at least numbers 34. Four bodies were recovered by the rescue crew on  Monday and the condition of the  bodies indicate that there is little  hope for the entombed men.  Mr. L. J. Mahoney was a passenger up from Vancouver last  week. He joined Mr. McKinnon  hereon the launch Impalla, which  left for Prince Rupert on Monday.'"'      ___________   "���������'���������-���������.':  The manager of the local cannery, Mr. J. B��������� Saint,; arrived  on the last steamer from the  south. Mrs. Saint accompanied  her husband and they are now  settled in their heme for the  season..''"  "I beg to acknowledge receipt  of a generous parcel of Scrap  book from the Red Cross workers at Bella Coola; In hastily  glancing foyer them I find they  are very attractive, and will be  sure to help pass the time for  those who may find it hard to  forget pain. You will please extend the thanks of this Committee to all who helped to make  them,���������Yours faithfully,  "Minnie S. Macdonald."  Many alterations and extensions to the cannery plant are  How under way. Most of the  materials have been obtained at  the local sawmills.  V  .. it ���������. ��������� ���������___ ___������������������,  Mrs. B. Brynildsen is in receipt  of the following from the secretary of the Supplies Committee  of the Red Cross Society:  Rev. R. H. Cairns, inspector  of Indian schools for British Columbia, preached the Easter sermon in the Mackenzie school last  Sunday.' Many people turned  out to hear Mr. Cairns, who is a  very impressive speaker, dealt  with the great world changes  that are now taking place not  only commercially and socially,  but spiritually.    The inspector  ' Real Bella Coola weather has  been enjoyed the past two weeks  and there is a possibility of it  being here to stay. It was expected that this would be a late  spring, but with the change  things look more promising.  " Mr. William Manson has left  the government .service. He  acted as chairman of- the Agricultural Commission and has now  retired into private life. Mr.  Manson was appointed govern-  mentagerit at Prince Rupert and  acted as such up to the time of  his election to represent this  district in the legislating in 1909  and continued to do so until defeated in the last election by the  Hon. T. D. Pattullo.  Mr. John Creswell, the rural  mail man between Hagensborg  and Atnarko, visited town during the week. Mr. Creswell informs us that the trail is in a  pretty bad condition, and in some  places almost impassable. This  winter has been a strenuous one  for those having to travel owing  to so much snow, now that this  is over mud has to be coped with,  which is almost as bad according  to the postman.   Mr. H. L. Harris, a former  editor of the Courier, writing to  a friend here says:  "Just a line to let you know  that I am across the channel.  Since arriving here the weather  has been very bad and we have  done very little. There is a lot  that I would like to tell you that  would be of interest, but the  censor is a person ofv so little  sense of humor that we must be  overly careful., I may say that  I met Thomas Pope, he has been  in 'blighty' since last October  having been shot through the  arm. ,'������������������ He was in camp quite  close to me at Bramshot and one  day, I saw- him marching past,  but as I also was on parade could  not attract his attention. However we met just before going on  board the boat for France and  we travelled together across the  channel."  Mr. Harris speaks of the former resident of Bella. Coola, Mr.  Pope, who enlisted with the original 62nd Battalion, as looking in,  The Courier is in receipt of a  card from Archie D. Darlington,  who has contributed many interesting articles on the war to  this paper since leaving Shushartie Bay. Mr. Darlington has  seen much fighting, but is now  in England for rest and repairs.  He expects to leave for the firing  line  shortly and  observes:   "I.  t  hope we shall  soon  finish  the  job."          A pleasant   literary   evening-  was spent at the home of Mr.  and Mrs. B. Brynildsen on Monday last.   Amongst others being  present were Rev. R. H. Cairns,  who gave a very interesting address on the war.   Musical selections were rendered by Mrs. S.  Le C. Grant and Miss M. Gibson".  Vocal solos by Mrs. W. Linnell,  Mr. R. Teebay and Miss A. Gibson.   Duet by  Miss M. Gibson  and G. A.  Brynildsen,  also by  MyloFougner and Robert Brynildsen.   Remarks on the war and  things in general were made by  Mr. S. LeC. Grant.  Mr. Brynildsen made a few remarks, after  which Rev. W. H. Gibson closed  with prayer, not forgetting our  boys away at  the front doing  their bit.   Mrs. M. Smabyand family are  up from Ocean Falls, spending  the Easter holidays with friends  in the valley.   Mr. .1. A. Sylvester, from the  Saloomt Valley, was in town during the week. Mr. Sylvester informs us that planting will commence in his neighborhood in a  fevy days, though in many places  the snow is on the ground.0  . The Pacific Mills of Ocean  Falls are now getting their logging camps ready and are manning them as loggers are obtainable. A new camp on Kwatna  Inlet is in operation, about forty,  men are stationed here. Another cam is operated on the South  Bentick and others will be opened up as men can be obtained.:  *  (Starr Ij Nnfir?  Sunday School  Church Service  10:45 a.m.  7:30 p.m.  ���������  Preacher for Sunday���������Rev.  W. H. Gibson.  .   All Are Welcome.  e &> <_������ <_e_f <*4> ������������v<_s e_> -<c4 <l> &> e BELLA COOLA COURIER  Saturday, April 14,  \9\7  1 IlC   V^JUriCl j    "phis remark has caused many  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by ' people to believe that conscience I  the Bella Coola Publishing Go. Ltd. I _ .      .    x. _       ,      I                                                i was nothing but a coward-maker  , ^^ conse(-uent]y they have re-  i fused to have anything to do  $1.00; with it. Never was anything  more unjust. Shakespeare's assertion is true only on the assumption thai we are all sinners.  To be fair he ..should have said:  "Thus conscience doth make  cowards of all of us who have  sinned or who are about to sin."  SUBSCRIPTION RATES  Canada  1  Year    6 Months        0.75  3 Months    0.50  United States  1 Year $1.50  United  Kingdom  1  Year $1.00  Subscriptions pAytiblc in advance.  CLEANS-DISINFECTS���������USED FOR  SOFTENING WATER���������FOR MAKING  HARD AND SOFT SOAP ,FUU.  DIRECTIONS WITHEACH CAN,,  Subscribers not receiving their copy  wi^^no^ have been more  'at once.    Changes in address should be  sent in as soon us possible.  For Advertising Uates,  Aitly  Office.  at  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will bo published, the  name and address of every''writer of such' Icttui-  , must be given to the editor.  The Editor 'reserves the riitht to refuse publication of any letter. All iiiaiiu'riipl at writer's  risk.  -&aluH jK-pitlt mtprnua rat Irx."  SATURDAY, APRIL 14, 1917.  ��������� Our strength grows out of our  weakness. 'A great man is always willing to be little. Whilst  he sits on the cushion of advantage he goes to sleep. When he  is pushed, tormente"d,= "defe"atear,  he has a chance to learn something; he has been put on his  wits, on his manhood; he has  gained facts; learns his ignorance; is cured of the insanity of  conceit; has got moderation and  real skill. The wise man throws  himself on the side of his assailants.' tt is more his interest than  it is theirs to find his weak point.  ���������Emerson.  i oo^ooo  Conscience.  The meanest thing ever said  about conscience were the words  put into Hamlet's mouth by William Shakespeare: "Thus conscience doth make cowards of us  in agreement with Solomon who  1 was wiser, and who said: "The  wicked flee when no man pursu-  eth, but the righteous are as bold  as a lion."  o . o'    o    00  Entry of United States in  the Great Conflict.  President Wilson in his great  speech said:  "The United States was moving against an irresponsible government which had thrown aside  The most rabid pro-German,  after a perusal of President  Wilson's great speech, cannot  help but think that the greatest  peace-loving power in the world  had waited over long before taking up the gauge for world liberty.  The United States officially declared war on Germany at 1:13  a. m. April 5. Exactly at this  hour, President Wilson signed the  joined resolution passed by Congress and the Senate, and thus  all considerations of humanity another nation  enters into the  and   of 'right  and   is   running  amuck.  "We are about to accept the  "gauge of battle with this natural  foe to liberty, and shall, if necessary, spend the whole force of  the nation to check and nullify  its pretentions and its power.  We "are glad, now, that we see  the facts with no veil of false  pretense about them, to fight  thus for the peace of the world  and for the liberation of its peoples, the German peoples included; for the rights of nations  great and small, and the privilege of men everywhere to choose  their way of life and of obedience.  The world must be made safe for  democracy. Its peace must be  planted upon the trusted foundations of political liberty."  vortex of war.  Tho entry of the United States  into the war will materially lessen its duration, but if she had  only seen eye for eye with the  other nations when Germany  flung out her challenge to the  world by invading a weak nation,  Belgium, the war would probably have been over by this. The  great spirit of democracy should  be on the side of right' against  wrong, and if it was not justifiable for Germany to. go through  Belgium in her quest for world  dominance, it certainly was not  justifiable ,for her to leave a  trail of murder, rapine and devastation through Belgium. For  this treatment of a weak neigh-  the world should have waited for  further frightfulness before taking up the challenge, against  right and wrong, thrown out by  rthe creators of an avernus on  this earth.  O     O '' o.   o     o  Reign of King Caucus Ended  Not only has Russia been revolutionized and! now in for a  period of reforms, but British  Columbia has been relieved of  its tyrant, "King Caucus." The  premier declares that the day  of the caucus is over.  In the past the government  did all its business in caucus and  the legislature simply acted as a  recording machine. The resul.t  of the change will be a freer discussion of all bills, on the floor of  the House, coming before the  legislature. There is no doubt  that the new order of things will  be for betterment, as laws affecting the province should be discussed in the open and not behind closed doors. Our present  law books are full of bad laws  passed during the last twelve  years, and one of the reasons for  this may have been through King  Caucus having become such a  despot.  Mackay Smith, Biair & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST*" BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,  OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  "MADE   IN   B.C."  Send for Catalogue Prompt Attention Given Letter Orden  PACIFIC MILK  I  Is the most economical milk  you can use. It is rich, heavy  consistency, and can be dilu- .  ted to a greater extent for  cooking and table use than  any other milk.  "YOU'LL LIKE PACIFIC"  FOOD  PRODUCTS  CO., LTD., Manufacturers  Office: 322 DRAKE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Many new innovations have  taken place since the new'government assumed the reins of  office in this province. There  seems to be a different way of  doing business in the various  departments, and the changes  apparently are facilitating the  public business. The conducting  of the legislature was one of  many glaring instances of dila-  toriness on the part of the  late government. The House  rarely met at the hour set, and a  visitor ,in the public gallery could  bor, it is hardly conceivable that     , . .. ,    ,    . . ,    ,,  .......    not fail to be impressed by the  the greatest democratic power in  THE LIBERALS Wilt GET YOU IF Y0OD0NT COUGH '-UP;  idea that it might be a criterion  of what was going on in the offices under the guidance of the  same men.  Now, with Mr. Speaker Weart  there is the true ring of business,  the House meets on the hour set  and members are up and doing.  The ministers are kept in line  and every department under them  are furnishing documents called  for'at a rate unheard of. Even  the leader of the Opposition. Mr.  Bowser, compliments the new  government in this respect.  000     0    o  Amid impressive scenes the  franchise right was officially extended, last Thursday week, to  the women of this province.' .  ms  ������$������__  ^^rS^^^IS  ���������Sf"������  Wssfik  gSgS^^^SS^W^^'Jil^^^^^i  Wwm  if*:'"  38  us?  ������||&M<1 *-A*       '���������,   T   M^^^^.  a. /* ' _*���������fa__'^_mfffl_S^^r!fi  8ft, i, i     >ftB(ss_iiisiSt_ffli^__a  __aS%l^SsSll^���������T    ^fflj^wS^sBBg  The new Coat of Arms of the Tory party of New Brunswick.  S. M. NEWTON  The ' Prince Rupert Empire  man, who is a candidate for the  House of' Commons for this Rid-  .ing; ���������-   '��������� '   ���������    ."      .-. ,'  . While others stand for what  will benefit their party, he stands  for what will benefit these districts.  d\=  The Finest  Wheat in  the World  - plusmillingskill���������plus milling experience���������plus modern mill plant  ���������plus many other important factors and you have the answer���������  BSBSV  ^������__?%.  rials  ���������without a peer in the whole world.  ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR is born in Canadian  Wheat Fields���������the best wheat producing lands  . on earth.  The net result when ROYAL STANDARD is used-  Bread, Biscuits, Buns, etc., bigger in volume-  finer in texture���������greater in food value���������cleaner  and whiter in body.  The trademark, the Circle V on the sack assures you.  SOLD BY ALL STOREKEEPERS    ''  111  D  ������������������and besides all that  GREAT   WEST  TEA  cost's you no more than  some teas not so good.  IEESQN; DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  _][c  <n  noc  Dec  nor:  &  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C;,LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT AND PASSENGER SERVICE  , ��������� BETWEEN  BELLA ClOOLA and VANCOUVER  S. S.      C&IH0SU51      Leaves Vancouver  every  Tuesday (at 11 p. m.       (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Fridays a. 171.  . ��������� 'S; 'S,' " Coquitlam '' sails from Vancouver fortnightly, carrying Gasoline and Explosives, will call  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  For rates of Freights, Fares arid other information, apply to  Head Office, Carrall St., Vancouver; or Geo. McGregor,  agent, 1003 Government St., Victoria.  hoe  =M������  hoe  &  Advertise your Wants in the Courier qj>  Saturday] April l4,  1911  BELLA} COOLA COURIER  HOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE FUNDS REQUIRING  .INVESTMENT MAY PURCHASE  AT PAR  DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK  IN SUMS OF $500 OR ANY MULTIPLE THEREOF.   ,  TO INVESTORS  Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.  Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at  any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from tho date of  purchase. ' ,  Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,  as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment mado under any future war loan issue  in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.  Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.  A commission of one-quarter of ono per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and  stock brokers on allotments mado, in respect of applications for this stock which bear their  stamp.  For application forms apply to tho Deputy Ministor of Financo, Ottawa.  DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA,  OCTOBER 7th, ;1016. ' ''  Start  ���������when you  make coffee  Dip the spoon into a can of  NABOB Coffee. Then use a  little ordinary care in the  making' and you may be,  positive the result will be  perfect. Nabob Coffee is always mellow,' fine, and full-  flavored.  KELLY,   DOUGLAS   &  COMPANY,  LTD.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  Why Not Cut Out the Word  "Male"?  In reply to a question as to  wTiether the women of British  Columbia and other Provinces  that have adopted woman suffrage will be entitled to the Dominion franchise as well, Mr. E.  M. Macdonald of Pictou, at the  meeting with Liberals in Van-  couvei,) at which Hon. Geo. P.  Graham was also present, explained that to insure women  the Federal franchise a verbal  amendment, merely the striking  out of. the word "male" in the  Dominion Franchise Act, would  be necessary. Such an amendment had been introduced by  Hon. Wm. Pugsley, of the late  Laurier Administration, but its  passage so far had not been  facilitated by the present! Government, which controlled the  House. The Liberals proposed  to push it through, if possible,  when parliament resumed next  month.  Much Land.  Nicholas Romanoff is said to  have been the owner of six million acres of land, more or less,  but probably more, in Russia.  These great possessions may be  confiscated for the benefit of the  state.  Of course this is not all "that  can be said for the land owning  business, either by. kings or the  humble citizen. We have in  northern British,Columbia as all  that the ex-Czar of all the Russians owned, lying idle for want  of roads to get to it. And if this  section of the province is going  to be developed it must have  roads so as to give the settler a  show to get in. As long as the  land is unproductive, whether  it is in the hands of the speculator or not does not matter much.  What is now wanted is action,  and the sooner' our government  gets round to making a start in  the making of .roads the sooner  W  ,  avroot  ear  Solid Leather  will this part of the province be-  gi'i to develop. Political and  other revolutions seldom fail tc  carry benefits for the common  people in their trail.  ., o    o     o     o    ������  How Cotton Goes.  At the outbreak of the war  t  there was * a world surplus of  65,000,000 bales of cotton, and  the production for that year was  43,000,000 bales.   In the following year it dropped to less than  half that total, and last year it  it was only 14,000,000 bales. The  demands of war and trade soon  polished off the surplus and the  whole crop of 1914. "A great percentage of the 1915 crop went by  way of the cannon's mouth and  the world now depends to a great  extent on   last   year's  supply.  Great Britain and her Allies have  garnered most of - the. supply.  They made a serious mistake in  permitting  large  quantities of  the American product in 1914-15  to reach the enemy country out  .of consideration  for  American  interests.   Germany and Austria,  it is true, have found a substitute in ground Norwegian pine,  but they must use  cotton for  ignition.   Had the embargo on  cotton going to those countries  been imposed in the first instance  the Teutonic alliance would have  been hard put to it to hold their  own.  Every 15-in. gun fires five hundred pounds of cotton to each  shell. The Queen Elizabeth has  eight guns of this calibre and in  one broadside she fires away  4000 lbs. of cotton. This gives  some idea of the amount of cotton, that has been used for war  purposes.  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  pOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  V Manitoba., Saskatchewan and Alberta.  the Yukon Territory, tiie North-west Territories and in a portion of the Province of  BttiTlsa Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre.*," Not more than 2,WO acres will be leased  to one applicant.  ' Application for a lease muat be made by the  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Anent  of tbe district in which the rights applied for  are situated. '  In surveyed territory the land must be de-  ' scribed by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be slaked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of 16 which' will be refunded if the rights  applied for arc not available, but not otherwise,  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of Ave cents per ton.  Tho person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with BWom returns urco"nting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mi.iecl and pay  the royalty theroon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be -  f urnl-hed at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered nccessury for the working of the mine  at the rate of {10.00 an acre. '  For full information application nhould be  mode to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands. >  . W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N, B.~Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30690.  BUSINESS'CARDS  mm  non  =51 El  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always. ,  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  HI l< 'Ol >l ID  "Canadian Woods for Structural Timbers" is the title of a  bulletin (No. 59) just issued by  the Forestry Branch. ��������� This bulletin shows as the result of hun-  di'edsof tests .that several of our  native woods are cheaper and  better,   as  structural   timbers,  than   woods   which ' Canadians  have been, importing for some  years. - This is gratifying and  satisfactory as regards both home  and foreign trade in timber.   It  means much to Canada in war  time, as the development of our  resources enables us to carry on  the campaign eifectively.   Citizens who are interested may receive a copy of this bulletin free  upon application to the Director  of Forestry, Ottawa.  MADE FOR B. C WEATHER  G. B. DAYFOOT and Co'y 303 Mercantile Building  Georgetown, Ont. and       Vancouver, B. C.  r i      ' ' "    " ���������������������������" -  0 HB!BSMM������_9MH_9>4y_SBM>4_S_^(MB_^(0  Comfort and luxury assured at a  minimum cost. Many Prince Rupert testimonials prove its worth  Have You Got $20 ?  If not your credit is good  Harry Hanson  Special Water Heater  (Patentod in Canada)  Installed in your kitchen range  will give you all the hot water  you can use within thirty minutes  , after fire is started. 121 now, in  use in Prince Rupert and every  user a booster.. You don't know  hot water comforts till you have /  seen these results. $20.00 is the  Cost. Absolutely no charge unless satisfactory. '���������������'?:������'���������:���������'?  A bath supply, within twenty minutes  .' after fire is started and then a new supply; eoery twenty minutes thereafter.  Wall radiators can also be run from  your hot water boiler and other rooms  heated tilth no extra cost for fuel.  The Result Will Surprise You  , Investigate!,  Harry HansonThP0,uRIsU^l������  P. O. Box 395  139 2nd Ave., Prince Rupert, B.C.  Watch Repairs  Send your'watch to us for guaranteed repairs at lowest prices.  A price given before proceeding with work. If not satisfactory, watch will be returned free  of expense.  O. B. ALLAN  Diamond Merchant���������Optician  Granville and Pender,Vancouver.B.C.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTRICT  OF   COAST���������BANGS!  III.  Take notice that I,. Frank Inrig, of  Wadhams, B. C, occupation cannery-  man, intend to apply for permission  to purchase the following described  land:  Commencing at a post planted ut the  southwest corner of Lot 1041 on Gookc  Bay, Rivers Inlet, thence east20 chains,  thence south 20 chains, thence west 20  chains to the shore, thence following  the-shore line to the. place of commencement.  PRANK INRIG.  Dated, March 28, 1917.     Ap..7--J'ne 2  3  --jj p--s__- -5S-=-*,  1 he Mason & Risch Piano  of to-day will make plain our  privilege to slate with authority:  "NO  FINER  PIANO MADE!"  SOLO DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  ������jf Let us attend your Victor Record  Ji mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.       Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  "S-M-swj^db ___��������� _ ^.-,___;_: *__=._)!������h._L. ' _ ~z _--:_������-._._--_-_ __���������,-__L--   ������  ,\^7HAT person so happy and conten-,  ted as the prosperous farmer? -.  \IfHAT person so independent?  ^JXTHAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of, the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola farmers are independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  -rTEE REASONS for this enviable condi-  *��������� ' tion of affairs  are   obvious to  anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  *-* country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at ho other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year ......:.....  Six Months   Three Months   UNITED STATES.  One Year  .V   ;.$l.00  .. 0.75  .0.50  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year. $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD. .  '    BELLA COOLA, B.C.  , ���������, Enclosed please find. v. A:.  for Bella Coola Courier for ���������..  < Name........,..'..  . .subscription  P. O   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed 1 '4  BELLA COOLA COURIER  Saturday, April 14,  1917  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier, is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coasl between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles.  // Will be to your interest to ������eep well informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public. No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to Hock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  a  'You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.  We will do it right.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  U TOWN. Do not talk���������support home industries -- talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community. '  Potatoes..  If the Inland Empire farmer  needs any'more slogans or has  time for another special farm  conference, let him turn to the  potato. When his speculation  has run the uneven course of  wheat, let him consider the  modest spud. Consider for in-'  stance the workings of the potato j  in the Yakima Valley, recognized j  as the home of this crop in the,  Pacific Northwest. The valley  produced 40,000 tons last year,  enough apparently to feed the  whole state, and'yet the city of  Yakima is now facing a potato  famine. Themarketis unlimited  and bids have gone up to" $70 a  ton. At the present price the  valley would have received $2,-  800,000 for its crop, and it probably did receive more than $1,-  500,000. The potato is not a  millionaire maker such as wheat.  It does not take readily to ten  thousand acre ranches, it has no  tendency to drive out the small  farmer to make way for the big  rancher, * But it has demonstrated this year an ability to- lift  mortgages, build new farm-houses, send children to school and  clear off new land. ��������� Spokane  Chronicle.  Increased Production Urged.  A call has gone out for increased production in 1917, and townspeople are urged to cultivate  every acre of waste land. If  everybody who can will their bit  in this way it will help keep down  the cost of living and the exercise itself will add to the general  health of those who employ their  spai'e hours in cultivating a  garden or in raising poultry or  in any other way that produces  foodstuffs. Look about now and  see if you cannot help others by  helping yourself. Self-help is  more blessed than self-denial.  The Peace River district has  45,000,000 acres of arable land  and only a population of five  thousand settlers.  a  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA: COOLA; B.C.  npHEhvo principal reasons  A   why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C: under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BACON  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at,home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Proviiioners  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  Canada's Boys Want Smokes!  Will You Help ?  If so, Mr. Francis R. Jones will be pleased to answer any enquiries addressed to the Canadian Office of the Over-Seas Club,1'  Room 28, Windsor Hotel, Montreal, and will be glad to supply  Collecting Books, Contribution Cards, Boxes and Circulars  to any who are willing to assist.  ,   TO CANADA. ;    "  (From the New York Sun.)  Our neighbor.of the undefended bound,  Friend of the hundred years of peace our kin,  Fellow adventurer on the enchanted ground  Of the New World, must not the pain within  Our hearts for this vast anguish of the war  Be keenest for your pain?   Is not our grief.  That aches with all bereavement, tenderest for  The tragic crimson on your maple leaf?  Bitter our lot, in this world clash of faiths,  To stand aloof and bide our hour to serve;  The glorious dead are living; we are wraiths,  Dim watchers of the conflict's changing curve,  Yet proud for human valor spirit true  In scorn of body, manhood,on the crest  Of consecration, dearly proud for you  Who sped to arms like knighthood to the quest.  From quaint Quebec to stately Montreal  Along the rich St. Lawrence,'o'er the steep  Roofs of theRockies, rang the bugle call;  And east and^west, deep answering to deep,  Your sons surged forth, the simple, stooping folk  Of shop and wheat field, sprung to hero size  Swiftly as e'er your Northern Lights awoke,  To streaming splendor, quiet eveningskies.  Seek not your lost beneath the tortured.sod  Of France and Flanders, where in desperate strife  They battled greatly for the cause of God;  But when above the snow your heavens are rife  With these upleaping lustres, find them there,  Ardors of sacrifice, celestial sign,  Aureole your Angel shall forever wear,  Praising the irresistible Divine.  ��������� Katharine Lee Bates.  r  CLUB OFFER  ^  We have pleasure in announcing that we have made arrangements with two of the leading weekly publications  so that our subscribers may, have the best of reading at  substantially reduced rates.  The Courier   .       .       .       ������       ��������� ?L������Q   Both papers  Farmers Advocate & Home Journal, Winnipeg  1.50   f  ������������������_._    tor  .  $2.50  $2.00  The Courier   .       .  Canadian Countryman, Toronto  ���������_    Both papers  ���������-!__!    for   .  .  $2.00;  ���������42.50  The Courier   .     . .      ,.;'">   :   ��������� S1-00    Both papers  Family Herald & Weekly Star, Montreal... ���������. J.00   for      / $1 75  $2.00 '  V.  The four papers may be had for $4.50,  a  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1895.  9  rymidsen  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes    ������    ������  Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the moft suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  Paints - Oils - Varnishes - Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds (  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.    Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & GO^ BELLA COOLA, B.C.  m������i_^wMMti<aimjtuM������ij������iiimwa '     ^ <  se  ns  ���������- _-"���������������>  ):  IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCELLENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  -.���������^SSr-T. ,a _ ��������� iiff   i   Arrfi'i *      i ���������I      ��������� ���������       Hi'..,!      7  WEATHER REPORT FOR MARCH  Compiled  by  Mr. C.  H.  Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 43.    Minimum, 25.  Highest Max. (17th) 56. Lowest Min. t2r.d) 12  Rainfall, 1.36.     Snow 18 in.  Rainfall for the year (1916) 40.89 inches.  VOL. 5���������NO. 18  BELLA COOLA, B.C., SATURDAY, APRIL 14,  19/7.  $1.00 a Year  Big Drive Now On-Canadians Capture Famous Ridge  Overshadows the  VES  Somme Drive  London,   April  10.���������Fighting  Hoday inaugurated with a drive  !of such concerted force that it  over shadows   even   the   great  fsomme drive of a year ago.    In  the air, vast droves of British  [airmen   hovered   like   seagulls  Iwhile below the tanks went i  faction  ahead of  struggling in  ffantrymen.    The drive commen  Russians Relinquish  Claim on Constantinople  Petrograd, April 11.���������The provisional government announced  its relinquishment of the claim  for Russia to have Constantinople as part of price of peace by  bureaucratic regime. Russia  does not lust for strengthening  n j her power abroad at the expense  of other nations,   neither does  -1 she aim to subjugate or humili-  ���������ed this morning in a high and ate any one.  it  i's  ar  ist  j  s,  es  >s-  gs  S  dies  iP-  ret  lit-  Iriving sleet storm, movernenl  started along a wide front from backward in the Caucasus.  Lens to Cambrai. Gen. Haig is  striking today the most formid-  ible blow so far launched at the  Hindenburg line in this sector.  ^Offensive extends over a front of  -venty-five miles and the thrust  v at tee two key positions on the  'defensive line, Cambrai and St.  .uentin. The German line every-  a here has been penetrated and  satisfactory progress   is   being  iade.  German   autocrats   see"  their  lynasty crumbling.   The action  _K  |of the Kaiser in proposing the  |e\tension of the franchise is  ghighly significant.  British aeroplane sunk enemy  !d' stroyer and  crippled another  oil" the Belgian coast.  ���������ilS-ft'-M  ms  iptions  1 sorts  B.C  CrA  (Canadians Capture  Vimy Ridge  Also Take in 5000 Prisoners  Canadian Headquarters, France  ia London,  April 10.���������War on  he western front moved more  rapidly in last five weeks, but it  broke into full swing today as  widening their attack which they  lave been directing against relating Germans in Somme sec-  or, British struck further north  i^ljj������jjj|and  in series of assaults on a  [broad front with Arras as pivot,  rove the Germans from scores  f important positions and penetrated far into German lines indicting heavy casualties.    In territory  captured  is   the  famous  iVimy  ridge,   which    has   been  fought for time and again since  ,war was ten months old.    Fight-  \*{^S*ng on Vimy ridge was carried  j|gjjpput by Canadians, who took over  I's&Stwo thousand prisoners.   Num-  . TOber of prisoners  taken in last  ^'^'12 hours exceeds five thousand.  **���������?_'he drive continues.  New York, April 10.- Brazil,  Peru, Chile, Uruguay, Honduras  and Guatemala seriously con-  templating war on Germany.   Terrible Mining  Disaster at Fernie  Fernie, B. C,   April 10.--The  Paris, April 10��������� French forces m;ne rescuers have penetrated a  ^St'continue to advance in the region g.reat distance  without rinding  vlHfof Maisson de Champagne.  Ger- any more bodies.   The Coal Creek  S:man attack neahRheimsrepulsed ftfii.es Nos. 2 and 3 were wrecked  " *with heavy losses to the enemy.  Dy a terrific explosion on Sunday  ���������C������������������������������������  ���������.__���������_������������������__.. , ���������. ������������������ ���������  iir  Berlin, April 10.���������We lost over  t50 aeroplanes during March.  ,eVeS88J&' Rotterdam. April 10.���������Discon-  RIW^ grovVnff am0"gSt GeVTl bodies indicate that there is little I  H������^__M������oldiers who resent sparse fare Doaiet, ...u-u������  ���������$$$*hUst the officers feast, hope for the entombed men.       |  Russsians  still forcing Turks  Austria Breaks With  the United States  Washington, April 10���������Austria  formerly broke relations with  the United States, today. Ambassador Zwiediniek called at  state department and asked for  his passports, he informed the  department the order for his  action was issued yesterday. The  "Am'erica'n 'arn'bassador at Vienna  knows nothing of the break in  relations, he having left that  city on the 7th. No change in  status of relations between States  and Turkey or Bulgaria. Sweden assumes charge of Austrian  interests, and whether war will  be declared against Austria depends largely upon- her official  action.  Patrol warships have been established along the Atlantic and  Gulf coasts. The government  may 3hut off the coal supply to  Argentine Republic if latter do  not lift the wheat embargo to  Allies.  United States to loan three  billion dollars to Allies and further monies to be held ready.  El Paso, April 10���������Four thousand troops under Gen. Murguia,  with artillery, are encamped  near the border. U. S. troops  across near the border have been  ordered to have guns trained as  a precautionary measure in view  of the presence of large numbers  of Mexican troops in Juarez.  night. Death roll at least numbers 34. Four bodies were recovered by the rescue crew on  Monday and the condition of the j  15,000 Germans Taken  So Far In the Drive  Facing Last Trench of German Line  London, April 11���������Gen. Haig's  forces in the big drive so far  have captured 15,000 prisoners  and between fifty and one hundred guns. Driving force of the  great offensive undiminished, today the British advanced to a  point four miles east of Arras  and stormed four systems of  trenches along the north bank of  the Scarpe to Briond, thought to  be impregnable. South of Scarpe  British face last trench of German line, nearly opposite famous  Hindenburg line.  Canadians landed a smashing  blow the enemy when they took  Vimy ridge, the whole strategy  of the German retreat in the  west depended upon holdingfirm-  ly to the position, loss of ridge  places the retirement scheme in  Liner New York  Strikes a Mine  Washington, April 11.���������American liner New York, struck a  mine last night outside the Liverpool bar. Passengers and crew  all safe, the ship has since been  docked.  War measures grind onward.  Congressional committees proceed steadily with elaborate preparations for the struggle. The  government may take over certain railroads. Col. Roosevelt  strongl y favors compulsory service.   ...'..  Taunton, Mass., April 11.���������  Fire broke out early today in the  plant of the Miehele Press Co.  The company have been manufacturing shells for Russia.  fication to  make Vimy impregnable.     _  . ,   Paris, April 11.���������French civil  danger of fracture. - The enemy j population ordered to evacuate  had devoted all the arts. pf.forti-LRh._i  Factory Blown  Up  Philadelphia, April 11.���������When  the shapnel factory of the Baldwin Locomotive Works, at Eddy-  stone, blew up from a series of  three explosions, one hundred  persons were killed and three  hundred injured, many of them  seriously. The wrecking of the  factory is believed to be the work j  of incenderism and the Department of Justice is investigating.  Mysterious Fires  Minneapolis, April 11.��������� The  origin of mysterious fires which  destroyed two large grain elevators last night, and another which  threatened the bridge across the  Mississippi river at Fort Smelling, is puzzling the authorities.  No guards had been stationed at  the burned structures, ..he estimated loss of which is placed at  three million dollars.  The dreadnaught Queen Elizabeth, one of Britain's most  powerful warships.  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  "There's so much good in the worst of us,  And so much bad in the best of us,  That it hardly behooves any of us to talk  about the rest of us."  Ml". L. J. Mahoney was a passenger up from Vancouver last  week. He joined Mr. McKinnon  here on the launch Impalla, which  left for Prince Rupert on Monday.    The manager of the local cannery, Mr. J. B. Saint, arrived  on the last steamer from the  south. Mrs. Saint accompanied  her husband and they are now  settled in their home for the  season.  Many alterations and extensions to the cannery plant are  now under way. Most of the  materials have been obtained at  the local sawmills.  Mrs. B. Brynildsen is in receipt  of the following from the secretary of the Supplies Committee  of the Red Cross Society;  "I beg to acknowledge receipt  of a generous parcel of Scrap  book from the Red Cross workers at Bella Coola. In hastily  glancing Jover them 1 find they  are very attractive, and will be  sure to help pass the time for  those who may find it hard to  forget pain. You will please extend the thanks of this Committee to all who helped to make  them,���������Yours faithfully,  "MinnieS. Macdonald."  Rev. R. H. Cairns, inspector  of Indian schools for British Columbia, preached the Easter sermon in the Mackenzie school last  Sunday. Many people turned  out to hear Mr. Cairns, who is a  very impressive speaker, dealt  with the great world changes  that are now taking place not  only commercially and socially,  but  spiritually.    The inspector  left during the week and will  visit all the Indian schools in the  northern section of the province  before returning to Vancouver.  Real Bella Coola weather has  been enjoyed the past two weeks  and there is a possibility of it  being here to stay. It was expected that this would be a late  spring, but with, the change  things look more promising.  Mr. William Manson has left  the government service. He  acted as chairman of the Agricultural Commission and has now  retired into private life. Mr.  Manson was appointed government agent at Prince Rupert and  acted as such up to the time of  his election to represent this  district in the legislature in 1909  and continued to do so'until defeated in the last election by the  Hon. T. D. Pattullo.  Mr. John Creswell, the rural  mail man between Hagensborg  and Atnarko, visited town during the week. Mr. Creswell informs us that the trail is in a  pretty bad condition, and in some  places almost impassable. This  winter has been a strenuous one  for those having to travel owing  to so much snow, now that this  is over mud has to be coped with,  which is almost as bad according  to the postman.  Mr. H. L. Harris, a former  editor of the Courier, writing to  a friend here says:  "Just a line to let you know-  that I am across the channel.  Since arriving here the weather  has been very bad and we have  done very little. There is a lot  that I would like to tell you that  would be of interest, but the  censor is a person of so little  sense of humor that we must be  overly careful. I may say that  I met Thomas Pope, he has bec-n  in 'blighty' since last October  having been shot through the  arm. He was in camp quite  close to me at Bramshot and one  day I saw him marching past,  but as I also was on parade could  not attract his attention. However we met just before going on  board the boat for France and  we travelled together across the  channel."  Mr. Harris speaks of the former resident of Bella Coola, Mr.  Pope, who enlisted with the original 62nd Battalion, as looking in-  perfect health after his previous  experience with the Germans.  The Courier is in receipt of a  card from Archie D. Darlington,  who has contributed many interesting articles on the war to  this paper since leaving Shushartie Bay. Mr. Darlington has  seen much fighting, but is now  in England for rest and repairs.  He expects to leave for the firing  line shortly and observes: "I  hope we shall soon finish the  job."   A pleasant literary evening  was spent at the home of Mr.  and Mrs. B. Brynildsen on Monday last. Amongst others being  present were Rev. R. H. Cairns,  who gave a very interesting address on the war. Musical selections were rendered by Mrs. S.  Le C. Grant and Miss M. Gibson.  Vocal solos by Mrs. W. Linnell,  Mr. R. Teebay and Miss A. Gibson. Duet by Miss M. Gibson  and G. A. Brynildsen, also by  MyloFougner and Robert Brynildsen. Remarks on the war and  things in general were made by  Mr. S. LeC. Grant. Mr. Brynildsen made a few remarks, after  which Rev. W. H. Gibson closed  with prayer, not forgetting our  boys away at the front doing  their bit.   Mrs. M. Smabyand family are  up from Ocean Falls, spending  the Easter holidays with friends  in the valley.   Mr. J. A. Sylvester, from the  Saloomt Valley, was in town during the week. Mr. Sylvester informs us that planting will commence in his neighborhood in a  few days, though in many places  the snow is on the ground.'  The Pacific Mills of Ocean  Falls are now getting their logging camps ready and are manning them as loggers are obtainable. A new camp on Kwatna  Inlet is in operation, about forty  men are stationed here. Another cam is operated on the South  Bentick and others will be opened up as men can be obtained.  (Clmrrlt Nntin>  Sunday School     -    10:45 a.m.  Church Service     -   7 : 30 p. m.  Preacher for Sunday���������Rev.  W. H. Gibson.  All Are Welcome.  ~l  -*.r_-.'M'  .���������V ':'?,:  ',*"! mH������  ' ������~I MSI ������lE[WWJra.*MW' M  F"^  '"-fli-ia  !   ������>_r_.-  AM  RK3  Ite*  '&  lill  c������-  PN  ^ ���������"  l;>-5    |i_j{ ������������������_���������*.>  I If life  P.  r :  , I. lit  } 'ji ,������<  f tH"  'fjl  Hi?!.'  *   1  H'  he    <1  :U f 'I ft.  t.-1-  > !i  (    ���������  ^'  <������  v^  ������it  ������������_  If  *������  ������������������"-���������.  l  j *������  r,f'^.._M,ft  _?  BELLA  COOLA CpURIER  Saturday,  April 14  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  . 1 Year .......������������������....--... ��������� -.��������� ��������� ��������� ��������� ��������� ������������������������������������  6 Months    ...'. ......   3 Monti* ......... ..--���������,- - ���������  1 United State*  1 Year... ....'��������� ��������� -Vr...... ��������� '��������� ��������� ��������� ���������'-.���������,������������������  United Kingdom  1 Year.. ....;..,..-������������������ ��������� -��������� ���������   .$1.00  . 0.75  .   0.50  .$1.00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  reimlarly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising Rates,  Office.  Apply at  onymous communications will, be P������W������J^;J���������f  name and addresaof even' writer of such letters  mast be triven to the editor. _.���������>.������;  Th7 Editor reserves the riirht to refuse publi-  wtlonofany letter. All manuscript at writer ���������  risk-  M������aliiB pnpuli suprrma put lex."  SATURDAY, APRIL 14, 1917.  all."  This remark has caused many  people to believe that conscience  was nothing but"a coward-maker  and consequently they have refused to have anything to do  with it. Never was anything  more unjust. Shakespeare's assertion is true only on Tne assumption that we are all sinners.  To be fair he should have said:  "Thus conscience doth make,  cowards of all of us who have'.  sinned or who are about to sin."  Then he would have been more  in agreement with Solomon who  was wiser, and who said: "The  wicked flee when no man pursu-  eth, but the righteous are as bold  as a lion."  o     o     o     o     ������  Entry of United States in  the Great Conflict.  ���������   President Wilson in his great  speech said:  "The United States was mov  MADE     IN  CANADA  mm$.  GILLETT^^  CLEANS^ISINFECTS-  SOFTENING WATER���������  DIRECTIONSJ  Our strength grows out of our  weakness. A great man is always willing to be little. Whilst  he sits on the cushion of advantage he goes to sleep. When he  is pushed, tormented, defeated,  he has a..chance to learn something; he has been put. on his  ���������wits, on his manhood; he has  gained facts; learns his ignorance; is cured of the insanity of  conceit; has got moderation and  real -skill. The wise man throws  himself on the side of his assailants. It is more his interest than  it is theirs to find his weak point.  ���������Emerson.  o    o     o     o     o  Conscience.  The meanest thing.eyer said  about conscience were Rewords  put into Hamlet's mouth by William  Shakespeare:   "Thus con:  ��������� The most rabid pro-German,  after a perusal ��������� of President  Wilson's great speech, cannot  help but think that the greatest  peace-loving power in the world  had waited over long before taking up the gauge for world liberty.  The United States officially declared war on Germany at 1:13  a. in." April 5. Exactly at this  hourfPresident Wilson signed the  ing against an irresponsible gov-j joined resolution passed by Con-  ernment which had thrown aside I gress and-the Senate, and thus  all  considerations of humanity; another nation  enters into the  and   of   right   and   is   running  amuck.     .    - "    ,  "We are about to accept the  gauge of battle with this natural  foe to.liberty, and shall, if necessary, spend the whole force of  the nation to check and nullify  its pretentions and its power.  We are glad, now, that we see  the facts with no veil of false  pretense about them, to fight  thus for the-peace of the world  and for the liberation of its peoples', the German peoples included; for the.rights of nations  great and small, and the privilege of men everywhere to choose  their way of life and of obedience.  The world must be made safe for!  democracy.* Its peace must be  planted upon the trusted found-  vortex of war  The entry of the United States  into the war will materially lessen its duration, but if she had  only seen eye for eye with the  other nations when Germany  flung out her challenge to the  world by invading a weak nation,  Belgium, the war would probably have been over by this. The  great spirit of democracy should  be on the side of right" against  wrong, and if it was not justifiable for Germany to go through  Belgium in her quest for world  dominance, it certainly was not  justifiable for her to leave a  trail of mur.der, rapine and devastation through Belgium.   For  science doth make cowards of us j ations of political liberty."  this treatment of a weak neighbor, it is hardly conceivable that  the greatest democratic power in  e*  \*$*  the world should have waited for  further frightfulness before taking up the challenge, ..against  right and wrong, thrown out by  the creators of an avernus on  this earth.  o    o    o    o    o  Reign of Kmg Caucus Ended  Not only has Russia been revolutionized and now an for a  period of reforms, but British  Columbia has been relieved of  its tyrant, "King Caucus." The  premier declares that the day  of the caucus is over.  In the past the government  did all its business in caucus and  the legislature simply acted as a  recording machine. The result  of the change will be a freer discussion of all bills, on the floor of  the House, coming before the  legislature. There is no doubt  that the new orderof things will  be for betterment, as laws affecting the province should be discussed in the open and not behind closed doors. Our present  law books are full of bad laws  passed during the last twelve  years, and one of the reasons for  this may have been through King  Caucus having become such a  despot.  ������     o    o    o     o  Many new innovations' have  taken place since the new government assumed the reins of  office in this province. There  seems to be a different way of  doing business in the various  departments, and the changes  apparently are facilitating the  public business. The conducting  of the legislature was one of  many glaring instances of dila-  toriness on the part of the  late government. The House  rarely met at the hour set, and a  yisitorjn the public gallery could  not fail to be impressed by the  idea that it might be a criterion  of what was going on in the offices under the guidance of the  same men.  Now, with Mr. Speaker W.eart  there is the true ring of business,  the House meets on the hour set  and members are up and doing.  The ministers are kept in line  and every departmentunder them  are furnishing documents called  for at a rate unheard of. Even  the leader of the Opposition. Mr.  Bowser, compliments the new  government in this respect.  o     o     o     o     o  Amid impressive scenes the  franchise right was officially extended, last Thursday week, to  the women of this province.  THE LIBERALS Will GET YOU IF YQODONT COUGH UP,  The new Coat of Arms of the Tory party of New Brunswick.  S. M. NEWTON  The Prince Rupert Empire  man, who is a candidate for the  House of Commons for this Riding;  While others stand for what  will benefit their party, he stands  for what will benefit these districts.  Mackay Smith, Biair & Co. Ltd  VANCOUVER, B. C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND  MEN'S  FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST*   BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  "MADE    IN    B. C."  s-^  O-  Send for Catalogue Prompt Attention Given Utter Order.  PACIFIC MILK  Miik  u  Is the most economical  you can use. It is rich, !  consistency, and can !..���������  ted to a greater -ex;.--'  cooking and tabic u-<  any other milk.  YOU'LL LIKE PACIFIC  FOOD   PRODUCTS   CO., LTD.,  Manufacturers  Office: 322 DRAKE STREET, VANCOUVER, B C  'kt  1 >.  { ������S  **_  *  ���������  I  The Finest  Wheat in  the World  - plus mUlingskill���������plus milling experience���������plus modern mill plant  ���������plus many other important factors and  you  have the answer���������  Royal Standard  Flour  ���������without a peer in the .whole world.  ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR is born in Cai  Wheat Fields���������the best wheat produe.r.y  on earth.  The net result when ROYAL STANDARD is  Bread, Biscuits, Buns, etc., bigger in  v.  finer in texture���������greater in food value   c  and whiter in body.  The trademark, the Circle V on the sack as-��������� ���������  SOLD BY ALL STOREKEEPERS  BEST  \^JS]   and besides all that  GREAT   WEST  TEA  cost's you no more than  some teas not so good.  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Vancouver, B.C.  Wholesale Grocers  3a  HOE  D������C  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGKK  --l^  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  S. S.   "CamOSUn"   Leaves   Vancouver  every  Tuesday at 11  p.m.        (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Fridays a.m.  i      v������_ftjU  II *  _P'  S. S.   "COQUITLAM"   sails   from   Vane  nightly, carrying Gasoline  and   Explosiv  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  IV (  I'i.rt-  For rates of Freights, Fares and other inform:!': ^     :;[i.,,1..,  Head Office, Carrall St.,  Vancouver; ur Gk"    ,:  agent,  1003 Govf.rnment St., Victoria.  fcJ  hoc  5 ��������� c  Advertise your Wants in the Cout*  rv:\Ui& 5)7.  S.M'Ai  i*  $a$HAprli 14,  191?  ������4*^._____^_M^MM-M_M-MM-ft-M������K--Ma������B-MMU  BELLA) COOLA COURIER  OJ  n*Ui������  i.M  _���������,<  ���������������.  TO  INVESTORS  |hc  j"������4  ��������� E^  B.C.  ^4  /A.S  *_  tv".  |y  ^m  1 i  ^  HOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE FUNDS REQUIRING  INVESTMENT MAY PURCHASE  AT PAR  DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK  IN   SUMS  OF $500  OR ANY  MULTIPLE THEREOF.  Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.  Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at  any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of  purchase.  Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,  as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue  in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.  Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.  A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and  stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which bear their  stamp.   "',;.  '-" For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.  DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA,  OCTOBER 7th, 1916.  Start  Right  you  make coffee  Dip the spoon into a can of  NABOB Coffee. Then use a  little ordinary care in the  making and you may be  positive the result will be  perfect. Nabob Coffee is always mellow, fine, and full-  flavored.  KELLY, DOUGLAS & COMPANY,  VANCOUVER,  B.C.  LTD.  fy Not Cut Out the Word  "Male"?  reply to a question as to  |ther the women of British  imbia  and   other Provinces  have adopted woman suff-  will be entitled to the Do-  ion franchise as well, Mr. E.  [acdonald of Pictou, at the  Ding with Liberals in Van-  rer, at which Hon. Geo. P.  1am was also present, ex-  led that to insure women  |Federal franchise a verbal  |ndment, merely the striking  [of the word "male" in the  union Franchise Act, would  lecessary. Such an amend-  it had been   introduced by  Wm. Pugsley, of the late  frier Administration, but its  Jage so far had not been  |litated by the present] Gov-  lent, which controlled the  ������se. The Liberals proposed  iush it through, if possible,  in parliament resumed next  ith.  Much Land.  Nicholas Romanoff is said to  have been the owner of six million acres of land, more or less,  but probably more, in Russia.  These great possessions may be  confiscated for the benefit of the  state.  Of course this is not all that  can be said for the land owning  business, either by kings or the  humble citizen. We have in  northern British Columbia as all  that the ex-Czar of all the Russians owned, lying idle for want  of roads to get to it. And if this  section of the province is going  to be developed it must have  roads so as to give the settler a  show to get in. As long as the  land is unproductive, whether  it is in the hands of the speculator or not does not matter much.  What is now wanted is action,  and the sooner our government  gets round to making a start in  the making of, roads the sooner  will this part of the province begin to develop. Political and  other revolutions seldom fail tc  carry benefits for the common  people in their trail.  _-- .     o     o     o     o     o  How Cotton Goes.  At the outbreak  of the war  there  was  a  world  surplus  of  65,000,000 bales of cotton, and  the production for that year was  43,000,000 bales.    In the following year it dropped to less than  half that total, and last year it  it was only 14,000,000 bales. The  demands of war and trade soon  polished off the surplus and the  whole crop of 1914.   A great percentage of the 1915 crop went by  way of the cannon's mouth and  the world now depends to a great  extent on   last   year's   supply.  Great Britain and her Allies have  garnered  most of  the   supply.  They made a serious mistake in  permitting   large   quantities of  the American product in 1914-15  to reach the enemy country out  of consideration   for   American  interests.   Germany and Austria,  it is true, have found a substitute in ground Norwegian pine,  but they must use  cotton for  ignition.    Had the embargo on  cotton going to those countries  been imposed in the first instance  the Teutonic alliance would have  been hard put to it to hold their  own.  Every 15-in. gun fires five hundred pounds of cotton to each  shell. The Queen Elizabeth has  eight guns of this calibre and in  one broadside she fires away  4000 lbs. of cotton. This gives  some idea of the amount of cotton that has been used for war  purposes.  <WW-������������������������U-WHTlfli  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  r-OAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominior., in  '"Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.  the Yukon Tekwtoky, the North-west Terri-  touies and in a portion of the Province of  BRITISH Columbia, may be leased for a terra of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre.* Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  'Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Atfent  of the district in which Lhe rights applied for  are situated.  y In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or lejfal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be Btaked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application muBt be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns acco"nting for the  full.QUantity of merchantable coul ini,ied and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being: operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining- rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior,,Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. COKY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������3UC90.  BUSINESS CARDS  _a.ii  _OE  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B...C.  nor:  "Canadian Woods for Structural Timbers" is the title of a  bulletin (No. 59) just issued by  the Forestry Branch.   This bulletin shows as the result of hundreds of tests that several of our  native  woods are  cheaper  and  better,   as   structural   timbers,  than   woods   which   Canadians  have been  importing for some  years.    This  is  gratifying and  satisfactory as regards both home  and foreign trade in timber.    It  means much to Canada in war  time, as the development of our  resources enables us to carry on  the campaign effectively.    Citizens who are interested may receive a copy of this bulletin free  upon application to the Director  of Forestry, Ottawa.  Wear the "Dayfoot"  Solid Leather  Shoe  MADE FOR B. C. WEATHER  G. B. DAYFOOT and Co'y 303 Mercantile Building  Georgetown, Ont. and        Vancouver, B. C.  _nlT i ������������������ -larmit-i  Comfort and luxury assured at a  minimum cost. Many Prince Rupert testimonials prove its worth  Have You Got $20 ?  If not your credit is good  Harry Hanson  Special Water Heater  (Patented in Canada)  Installed in your kitchen range  will give you all the hot water  you can use within thirty minutes  after fire is started. 121 now in  use in Prince Rupert and every  user a booster. You don't know  hot water comforts till you have  Been these results. $20.00 is the  Cost. Absolutely no charge unless satisfactory.  A bath supply within twenty minutes  after fire is started and then a new supply every twenty minutes thereafter.  Wall radiators can also be run from  your hot water boiler and other rooms  heated with no extra cost for fuel.  The Result Will Surprise You  Investigate!  Harry Hansoti^p0,^^'0  2 P. O. Box 395  I   139 2nd Ave., Prince Rupert, B.C.  Q).__������0<4__W>4aB������<>4B������^������a-������O4B_������-<a  Watch Repairs  Send your watch to us for guaranteed repairs at lowest prices.  A price given before proceeding with work. If not satisfactory, watch will be returned free  of expense.  O. B. ALLAN  Diamond Merchant���������Optician  Granville and Pender,Vancouver, B.C.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   O.P   COAST���������BANG-   III.  Take notice that I, Frank Inrig, of  Wadhams, B. C, occupation cannery-  man, intend to apply for permission  to purchase the following described  land:  Commencing at a post plunted ut the ;  southwest corner of Lot 1041 on Goose  Buy, Rivers Inlet, thence east20 chains,  thence south 20 chains, thence west 20  chains to the shore, thence following  the shore line to the. place of com- j  mencement.  FRANK INRIG.     j  Dated, March 28, 1917.      Ap. 7--J'ne 2  / herAason (y ixischPiano  of to-day will make plain our  privilege to state With authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  i  tfj   Let us attend  your Victor Record  jJ  mail orders-���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Thrice Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  \ATHAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  WHAT person so independent?  'W7HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola   farmers are  independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  ��������� >>' '  :i:s  View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  -HPHE REASONS  for this  enviable  condi-  ���������*���������   tion of affairs   are   obvious  to   anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  >Vi\  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  "*"^ country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C  Enclosed please find < subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. O   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed  _J Hilt  iifa  mm  ������S Hill,If    $*&$���������''  lillisi  km  Mk'H  p  1  n  .1  'ft}*lift J^SSa  IP I   ^   #  1W f    ' $ t    "ia.      t   _-  IB       .������!     vi     >r v  lrt    Is'_ _f^!ir&  _��������� ' ������.   ! i si *������-i>i *^  ll^iT  ,11*11'I f>iifci*.^  f   i if I    ������    M   J������"  h: m ?*. $"  a *  #r  , v  !)       i  1     '   ,  /h^        ?  <to  1 1)1  li 1  1  lift  4\  1 *1'.,  4  BELLS COOLA COURIER  Subscribe  for the  Potatoes..  If the Inland Empire farmer)  needs any more slogans or hasj  time for another special farm;  conference, let him turn to the!  Canada's Boys  ] potato.  U  JJ  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  When   his speculation j  has run  the uneven  course of  wheat,   let   him    consider   the;  modest spud.    Consider for in-'  stance the workings of the potato j  in the Yakima Valley, recognized j  as the home of this crop in the,  Pacific Northwest.    The valley-  produced 40,000 tons last year,  enough apparently to  feed the  whole state, and yet the city of  Yakima is now facing a potato  famine.   The market is unlimited  and ..bids have gone up to $70 a  ton.    At the present  price  the  valley would have received $2,������  The Courier is the Only 800,000 for its crop, and it prob-  Jiet^Spaper published Oil ably did receive more than$l.-  , r / i      j ������   L.    500,000.     The potato is not a  the mainland coast be- mn!ionairemakersuchaswhea-  tween Vancouver and It does not take readily to ten  Prince Rupert. thousand acre ranches, it has no  A distance of six hundred miles, tendency to drive out the small  farmer to make way for the big  : '  rancher.    But it has demonstra  ted this year an ability to lift  mortgages, build new farm-houses, send children to school and  clear off new land. ��������� Spokane  Chronfole.  /<  // will he to your interest to keeP wett in"  ormed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS  Now is the time to keep  yoUrf name before the  public. No manufacturer :prwhdlesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  I  DEAL ESTATE boom* in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by readingthe "Courier."  Job Printing  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We^wiil do it right  Increased Production Urged.  A call has gone out for increased production in 1917, and townspeople are urged to cultivate  every acre of waste land. If  everybody who can will their bit  in this way it will help keep down  the cost of living and the exercise itself will add to the general  health of those who employ their  spare hours in cultivating a  garden or in raising poultry or  in any other way that produces  foodstuffs. Look about now and  see if you cannot help others by  helping yourself. Self-help is  more blessed than self-denial.  The Peace River district has  45,000,000 acres of arable land  and only a population of five  thousand settlers.  DUILD  UP  YOUR  HOME  U TOWN.     Do not talk���������support home industries���������talk  is*  cheap.    The best way to show;  that you are in   earnest is to  practise it. j  Support the "Courier" and you j  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  The Courier  $1 a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA C00LA; B. C.  m q  IOE  'THE two principal reasons  why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BACON  HAMS  LARD  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at. home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packer* and  Provitioner*  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  Burns'  Witt You Help ?  If so, Mr. Francis R. Jones will be pleased to answer, any enquiries addressed to the Canadian Office of the Over-Seas Club,'  Room 28, Windsor Hotel Montreal, and will be glad to supply  Collecting Books, Contribution Cards, Boxes and Circulars  to any who are willing to assist.  TO CANADA.  (^rom the New York Sun.)  Our neighbor of the undefended bound,  Friend of the hundred years of peace our kin,  Fellow adventurer on the enchanted ground  Of the New World, must not the pain within  Our hearts for this vast-anguish of the war  Be keenest for your pain?   Is not our grief.  That aches with all bereavement, tenderest for  The.tragic crimson on your maple leaf?  Bitter our lot, in this world clash of faiths,  To stand aloof and bide our hour to serve;  The glorious dead are living: we are wraiths,  Dim watchers of the conflict's changing curve,  Yet proud for human valor spirit true  In scorn of body, manhood en the crest  Of consecration, dearly proud for you  Who sped to arms like knighthood to the quest.  From quaint Quebec to stately Montreal  Along the rich St. Lawrence, o'er the steep  Roofs of the Rockies, rang the bugle call;  And east and^west, deep answering to deep,  Your sons purged forth, the simple, stooping folk  Of shop and wheat field, sprung to hero size  Swiftly as e'er your Northern Lights awoke  To streaming splendor, quiet evening skies.  Seek not your lost beneath the tortured.sod  Of France and Flanders, where in desperate strife  They battled greatly for the cause of God;  But when above the snow your heavens are rife  With these upleaping lustres, find them there,  Ardors of sacrifice, celestial sign, -  Aureole your Angel shall forever wear,  Praising.the irresistible Divine.  t *     ���������Katharine Lee Bates.  r  CLUB  OFFER  "\  We have pleasure in announcing that we have made arrangements with two of the leading weekly publications  so that our subscribers may. have the best of reading at  substantially reduced rates.  The Courier $1.00  Fanners Advocate & Home Journal, Winnipeg  i. 50  $2.50  Both papers  for   .   .   $2.00  The Courier   .  Canadian Countryman, Toronto  $1.00  1.50  Both papers  ---    for   .  .   $2.00  $2.50  The Courier   .....  Family Herald & Weekly Star, Montreal  $1.00  1.00  $2.00  Both papers  for   .   .   $1.75  \.  The four papers may be had for $4.50.  LEADING   DEALERS   |N  General  =..-#  erchandis^  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  W  E  MEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE!  CAMP. HEATING  AND COOK STOVE*  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Mens,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price.     Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes    S  S  1  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles^  n  Setders, Prospectors, Hunters, Trap- N  pers, Campers and Land-Seekers will f]  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock.    Nothing but the most suit- [:;  able articles are kept at prices thai :.  invite competition. I:  Paints -   Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all description'  Best brands of Hour.     Feed and Grain of all sorti.  kept on hand.    Prompt service j  in<  Ifi.  | Best Goods���������Lowest Prices   Largest  Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA  COOLA, B.C

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