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Bella Coola Courier Apr 1, 1916

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 V'  se  ns  y,f^^ t Aft /  * .���������.  jsYOU  WANT GOOD   SPORT  fsiT  BELLA COOL A.   EXCEL-  f������f$rT HUNTING AND  FISHING.  l^^^ji|fe^iI^aauia"|^'i'"^wa|j^i.t^������rjj[|l,iMM1������uij^  WEATHER REPORT FOR FEBRUARY.  Compiled  by  Mr. C. H. TJrseth, of the  Bella Ccola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 35.    Minimum, 22.  Highest Max. (27th) 59.    Lowest Min. (1st) 4  Rainfall, 3.67 inches.   Snow, 2.50 inches.  Rainfall for the year (1915) 34.33 inches.  f@S8k4 -NO. 24  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, JPRIL I,  J916.  $1.00  a Year  RE  'ES  ITEMS OF WAR NEWS  i ..���������'������������������  Wc^on, March 29.���������That there were two Americans on board  ^tbre&steamer Manchester when torpedoed,   the engineer of the  "-isteamVr made affidavit before the American consul.  , ������ Sixty lives were lost in the sinking of the Sussex.  t>V- '   '" 1 .���������.������������������������....  *]  "' The German submarines in less than two weeks have sunk 70,-  'i '       '  000 tons of shipping, one-third of which belonged to neutrals.  1 Th&iBritish steamer Empress of Midland was sunk last night.  TheTcrew landed in-Holland.  '' .^Washington, D. C, March 29.���������United States has inquired of  ,'   Germany through Ambassador Gerard whether any of its subma-  I'^tiriesitorpedoed the Sussex.    President  Wilson  and  the cabinet  ������f^met||oday; the view obtains that the submarine situation is grave.  ^|BuJj|io action will be taken by United States until shown conclu-  ^^^^^j^that steamers Sussex and Englishmen were submarined.  tsdi%iffii||ris, March 29.���������Representatives  of  the  Entente  Allies  are  Iging a conference today.    Extraordinary precautions are taken  pard against Zeppelin raids in Paris while the super-war coun-  The sky swarmed with aeroplanes throughout  Russia's New Railway  Pekin, March 31.��������� China signed the agreement permitting  Russia to construct a railroad in  Manchuria, this railroad will give  Russia control in northern Manchuria and is in compensation of  railway right granted to Japan  in southern Manchuria. Japan  has concurred in the agreement.  The new line will run from Harbin on the Siberian railway, in a  northerly direction across Manchuria to Agun, on the frontier.  t*m<6  *are in session.  .i^Etdm confidential sources it is learned that a grave dispute has  ibaikjen out between the Kaiser and the Chancellor of the Empire,  &nifgs expected to resign shortly.    Prince Von Buelow has been  loned in haste to the Kaiser's headquarters,  idon, March 29.���������A despatch from Saloniki states that the  (sBBTans.'have been forced to retire from the frontier on all points  * ~ ied by them on Greek territory.  e British warship Cleopatra rammed and sunk a German de-  German Officer Arrested  New York, March 31.���������Captain  Hans Tauscher, husband of Madam Gadski the opera singer, said  to be an officer in the German  navy was arrested today by spe-^  Germany Assists  Mexican Bandit  Washington, March 31. ���������The  department of justice has uncovered evidence in New York  'and other cities which they be-  |lieve, when fully developed, will  justify the allegation that Villa  had received aid from Germany.  Diplomatic despatches received  today from European legations  iat the Mexican capital said that  the movement led by Diaz himself, assuming formidable proportions and is distinctly anti-  ' American. Advocates of the government assuming the manufacture of ammunition and armaments won in a fight last night.  of Justice on a warrant charging him with alleged conspiracy  cial agents from the Department'on the VVelland Canal in Canada.  coyer when a squadron of light British cruisers encountered a  yjjjkon of German destroyers.   The Geiman crew were saved and  ^maae prisoners.       .  tfparis, March 30.���������General Largeau was killed in action at ''Verdun.    French" troops made an attack last night on Avocourt Wood  '/���������west of the Meuse, where the. German assault was made yester-  The Germans made fierce counter attacks but were driven  The Germans made an attack on Malincourt  sses.    Iheie is a heavv artil-  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  tion is yet compartively far off,  it was decided that the public  meeting advertised to be held in  the evening be postponed until a  later day.  The few faithful followers of  Bowser surviving the great battle  at Vancouver and Victoria, held  a   re-union   at   the   Mackenzie  School on Saturday afternoon for  the purpose of calling the roll.  This part of .the program it is  surmised did not take long.    As  we were not admitted to its councils we are unable to give a veracious account of its proceedings,  but it is generally believed they  have decided to carry the valley  in the coming election, for the  doughty  Mr.   Manson   by  some  sort of strategy impossible for  our feeble intellect to fathom.  Charles Tucker, Dominion constable, feeling that his Indians  might become restless if he stayed away from them very long,  went North on the last boat to  be gone about three weeks.  We are pleased to learn that  the Indian Department has found  it necessary to re-instate Herbert  Sutherland as engineer of the  launch Charles Todd. It will be,  remembered that the Department for reasons of economy  thought it expedient last autumn  to discontinue the services of a  competent engineer from its  launch.  >s  r ;day.  off"with heavy losses.  *but$ivere thrown back with heavy lo  lej������j||ighting proceeding along the fronts.  * i������mkshington, March 30. ���������Consul Frost, Queenstown, cabled the  s������ara|departrnent today that the British steamship Eagle Point,  "%">&$$*  wficp'one or more Americans on board, was torpedoed by a submarine.    The vessel had a capacity of 5222 tons.  London, March 30.���������The Danish steamer Harrietta was sunk,  captain denies having struck a mine. The Dutch steamship Drive-  land was also sunk. The crew were saved. All ships employed  in operations off the German coast have.returned except the Medusa, which it is feared has been sunk.  " jiJsRome, March 30.���������Heavy fighting is reported near Gorizia. The  Italians have regained the heights and are now pressing the enemy  closely.  Berlin, March 30.���������It is officially announced, but no details given  out, that M. Loucien, private secretary to Cardinal Mercier, has  been arrested.  Paris, March 31.���������The Germans made' several attacks on Avocourt last night in an endeavor to retake lost positions, all these  assaults failed. No further attempt by the enemy on Malincourt  was made. East of the Meuse heavy artillery fighting in progress.  General Dubail appointed governor of Paris, replaces Gen. Maun-  cary/ M. Bekman, director of Berne bureau of information, arrested for favoring Central powers with secret information. "We  are all satisfied without exception with the resolutions at the conference," said Antonio Salandra, Italian premier.  ' S. S. Chelohsin arrived on Sunday morningat 9:30. It brought  the usual amount of freight and  the passengers landing were B.  W. Fleming, Geo. Bennett and  Davenport Clayton. "The outgoing passengers were: H. G.  Anderson and Mr. and Mrs. F.  M. Brewster.  ��������� B. W. Fleming, representing  Mooney Biscuit Co., and Geo.  Bennett, representing Leeson,  Dickie, Gross & Co., are interviewing the merchants on behalf  of their respective firms.  H. G. Anderson after spending  a week with us left for Comox to  join his regiment.  F. M. Brewster with his family  is away to resume his post at the  Brunswick cannery, Rivers Inlet.  They intend to be away until the  end of the fishing season.  Davenport Clayton came in on  Sunday's mailboat after spending a holiday of a few weeks  with friends in the cities to the  south.  Railway Smash at Amherst  Cleveland, March .30.��������� With 25  mangled bodies in the morgue at  Amherst and 40 seriously wounded, some of whom are dying in  the hospitals, the rescue party is  working to recover more dead  and injured from three New York  Central trains; these the finest  arid /fas test of trains were demolished in a double tra'ck wreck at  Amherst four o'clock this morning. According to railway officials a dozing towerman is to blame  for the collision.  Washington, March 30.--Car-  ran z a has decided to permit Uni-  te'd'-States troops to use the Mexican railway for the transportation  of troops and supplies in their  pursuit of the Villa bandits.  True Bills Returned Against  the Manitoba Conspirators  Winnipeg, March 29. ��������� True  bills have Lbcen returned by the  grand jury against Sir Rodmond  Roblin, Geo. R. Caldwell, James  H. Howden and Thomas Kelly,  charged with conspiracy to ele-  fraud in connection with the  Manitoba-parliament buildings.  BELLA COOLA FARMERS' INSTITUTE  A MEETING  will be held at the Colony Hall,  Hagensborg. Saturday, April 1st,  at 2 p. m.  All members and others are requested to attend this meeting.  A. Hammer, Sec.-Treas.  E. C. Ablewhite, of Namu,  came in Thursday, last week, in  charge of the Bertha D. He left  again the next morning taking  with him as passengers, R. O.  Jennings, road superintendent,  and M. M. Stephens of Prince  Rupert.  Travelling in theirown launch,  independent of infrequent and  belated steamers, W. A. McMart-  in, salesman of the wholesale  hardware firm of McLennan,  McFeely&Co. and C. G. Whipple  representing the dry goods house  of Mackay, Smith, Blair & Co.,  both of Vancouver, arrived in  town Thursday evening of last  week. They spent a profitable  and pleasant time of a few days  visiting their customers and then  went on their way rejoicing.  At  a  conference held at the  home of Mr. and Mrs. Fougner,  Tuesday afternoon, it was decided to hold a public meeting at  the Mackenzie School on Saturday evening at 7:30 p. m. for the  purpose of adopting plans for the  S5rstematic collection of funds  for the Red Cross and Patriotic  Funds, and the election of a committee to carry on this work.  Every patriotic member of the  community, and that^means all,  must come and help the great  cause along.  The annual meeting of the Liberal Association was held at the  Colony Hall, Hagensborg, Saturday afternoon at 3 o'clock.    Its  president, B. Brynildsen, presided over its deliberations, while  T. E. Jacobsen wielded the pen  that is mightier than the sword.  A feeling of optimism and content rested upon the proceedings  and was given expression in the  unanimous re-election of all its  officers of the last year.    Some  new   members   were   admitted;  after   which    the   speechifying  took place and was indulged in  freely.    Mr.   A.   Hammer,   just  returned   from   the   scenes   of  political  strife and Liberal  victor at Vancouver and  Victoria,  A public meeting for the purpose of electing a committee to  work under the auspices of' the  People's.. Prohibition   movement  with its headquarters at Vancouver, was held at the Lower Bella  Coola School  on Thursday  last  week.     Although   the   meeting  was held in the afternoon of a  weekday quite a num ber of people  took enough interest in it to leave  their work to attend.    The meeting was called to order at 4 o'clock by Rev. W. H. Gibson.   Mr.  John Widsten was chosen chairman and Hjalmar Schulstad secretary.    The chairman made an  opening speech outlining the object of the meeting, after which  a short program of literary exercises was carried out.    It consisted of a song by the audience, a  solo by Miss Marjorie Clayton.  Rev. W. H. Gibson made a speech  in which   he  showed the great  waste of the liquor traffic and  the beneficial effects of prohibition   and   restriction    wherever  tried.    Miss Addie Gibson then  gave a solo after which C. Carlson spoke on the great change  in the pubiic sentiment in regard  to  the  liquor question  brought  about in the length of time since  he first became interested in the  News from some of our loys  going to the front were received  last mail.     Chas. Lord, Garnett  i  Gibson and Harry Grainger,  members of the Ambulance Corps  were at St. Johns, N. B., ready  to embark for the overseas passage. Ed. Grant has arrived  safely in England.  . The demolition of the oldest  Bella Coola bridge is being proceeded with under the .able  management of T. McRostiev' In  the interval before the bridge-  will be open for traffic, the travelling public must go round by the  Clayton brid������e.  dwelt especially on the great re-  sponsibilites devolving upon the  Liberal party in the event of its  elevation to power in the next  election.   In expressing his views  he showed he had given the subject careful consideration and in  describing its   main   feature  it  might appropriately have for its  motto, "Courage with caution,"  that is if the defeated Conservatives permit their battle cry. to  be subjected to such a sacrilege.  Speeches by M. B. Christenson,  B.   Brynildsen,   B.   F.  Jacobsen  and T. E. Jacobsen followed in  quick succession, the keynote of  them all was how public affairs  may in the future be conducted  economically in contradistinction  to the extravagance of the present regime.  As the date of the general elec-  cause.  The business of  the meeting  j was then taken up. It was decided that in order to organize  the valley thoroughly it be divided into small districts in charge  of two committee members for  each district, the executive board  to be located at Bella Coola proper. The selection of the executive and committee had the following result:  Executive board: Rev. W. H.  Gibson, Mrs. E. C. Clayton and  C. Carlson. Members of the  committee: Lower Bella Coola,  S. Le C. Grant and John Widsten;  Hagensborg, Mrs. Rev. H. Sag-  eng and M. B. Christenson; Noo-  satsum. IT. Schulstad and Capt,  W. D. Stephenson; Firvale, Mrs.  F. A. Johnson and T. R. Astle-  ford. The meeting closed by the  singing of the National Anthem.  As we kr.ow it pleases our  readers to hear from our friends  at the front we publish the following letter from Lieut. H, W.  M. Rolston. He writes from  Somerset Barracks, Shorncliffe,  England, February 20:  Only a few lines to say that the  Courier is a welcome visitor in  our camp.    I received two copies  this  morning and  it is nice to  see what you are doing and it  brings my thoughts back to Bella Coola and   was   very   much  pleased to see so many of the  boys from  the valley enlisting.  I wish them all the very best of  luck.     Barrack  life  is   getting  monotonus, though these cannot  be much  better.     The weather  has been  very nice this winter.  We have had a good time here,  but now we all want to go to the  front.    Peter Kenyon is close by  here, his wounds still bother him  a little.    He is the same old Pete  that you all remember.    I understand he did some good work in  France and is highly thought of  here.     J.   M.  Rolston   has  also  done good work at the front.   I  see by the Courier that Harry  Burt has joined, his brother came  over here with me last September, and is going to France with  the rest of us.    Will write you  again and let you know what becomes of us.  Wishing you all the best of  luck and remember jLhat I am  still a Bella Coolaite.  ���������o<"&r>������ciff>'^������c> <-*������->������������������<"������ ������">-<%���������  c  Gllmrrh Notto  6  I  9H>  Sunday  School  Church Service  10:45 a. m.  7:30 p.m.  9  Mr. C. Carlson will conduct  the service.  All Are Welcome. ill !^i������'{������'  1 #  ; ft:lh'  ,������i r  llfJrlf  f'liflS'  vk' ���������''  IIIP'K!  IfflUljii  r"ir ,n 4.  Hi1'  III ilii;  S^-ji  l!  M1  -?J  J  fifeL LA COOLA COURIER  Salurdi  ay,, y  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1  Year $1.00  G Months   ...:...    0.75  3 Months    O.SO  United States  1  Year.. $1.50  - United Kingdom  1  Year..'. ;  $1.00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  For Advertising  Rates,  Apply at  .   .   ', Office.  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, tht  name and address of every writer of such letters  must be given to the editor.  TIip Editor reserves the right to refuse <publi-  cntiunof any let,ter.' All manuscript at writer's  risk.  "J^ahra pujutli suprpma ret l?x"  ' SATURDAY, APRIL i; 1916.  The Songhees Reserve Deal.  -It is a significant'fact that in  the celebrated Songhees Reserve  deal very few,-if any, of our ex-  ,   changes seem to consider it as  anything blarheworthy for the  government to set aside $80,001  of the public-money for what is  virtually a corruption fund.    It  is, however, our conviction that  no manwith an untarnished reputation, and of high moral character would engage in a transaction  similar to this, according to revelations made in the investigation  of the means used to obtain the  SongheesReserve.   And that the*  government felt*it to be a somewhat dubious way of transacting  business is borne out-by the fact  - that it' gave .Mr. "JMatson carte  ..blanche,   asking   ho   questions,  " only requiring of  him  that he  land the goods^ and it would prefer'not to know how the deal was  accomplished.      And' that   Mr.  . Matson felt that he was engaged  in. dirty work may be inferred-  from the fact that he dealt out  money like water, without making any account of the different  sums paid out.    That way of doing public business has all the  earmarks of, bribery.    We venture to say that to a business man  like Mr. Matson, which he unquestionably is, it v/ould be almost abhorrent to spend money  the way he did in acquiring the  title  to the.Songhees Reserve,  and not dare to put the figures  down in black and white so that  he might be'able to verify them  and account for them,  even if  only to himself.    Another evidence that Mr. Matson,- who evidently is not squeamish as to  means as long as he succeeds,  felt the iniquitous character of  of the transaction-may  be deduced from his declaration that  he would not do that work over  again for $150,000.  , In our opinion it was a base  way of doing business and the  government is  responsible, because it forgot its duty and dignity in its anxiety to succeed.  It  djd succeed in the undertaking,  but it will be found that successes of that nature do not reflect  honor   upon- those   concerned.  They shall find that no matter  how desirable the end may seem,  it will peyer justify the means,  and a statesman who does not  recognize this  well  established  truth  can  not   be   termed far-  aighted.   He may think  he can  escape the consequences but he  will fail.  Large Salaries and  Commissions.  In these times of financial depression when such a large number of people find themselves in  circumstances   which   make   it  necessary to employ the strictest  econonry, the conviction  is  impressed upon our mind that in  the transaction referred to in the  preceding   article   neither   Mr.  Matson nor Mr. Helmcken were  entitled to the large sums allowed  them by a grateful government.  The great majority of the vot-  jrs of the province have an income of a sum somevvheres about  31000 per year.    The question  irises, should others who work  no harder receive^sums for shoit  services, for services which' do  lot interfere seriously with their  ordinary way of earning money,  chat it would take an  average  nan twenty:five years  of hard  work to earn. ~ ���������  The Conservative papers con-  ;end that Sir Richard's salary oi.  pi5,000��������� and.Mr.Matson's commission of $25,000, are not.ex-  cjssive; that they earned what  Jxey received.  vvhich we raise on this point will  not be agreed to by those who  are in the way of acquiring large  sums for their services; but-we  believe that in these war times  dt least, it is in order to call attention to the seeming injustice  involved in large salaries   and  commissions.    A man should not  be paid according to'the. worth  of his services, but according to  che time spent arid the cost of  attaining the  ability necessary  to do-the work. -  ; If a man should be paid according to the value of his- services  'what sum would be "due to the  soldiers who are fighting for the  freedom of not only the.presenit  generation but  that of genera-  cions   to   come !!     What sums  .vould be owing to the crews of  the life saving stations who save  lives and property of incalculable  value?   How large would be the  bill.of the doctor who saved your  only boy?  It may be contended that some  men have exceptional ability and  that in order to obtain their ser-  ISJO ALUM  cases of that kind the one requiring the services of such men  is powerless,   he  is obliged  to  believe it will prove to be for its  welfare or no't> that has nothing  to do with this 'aspect of the  question.    They may be as op  j posed to prohibition as the lowest  hobo; such  fact should not be  made   a   subject  of   discussion  either  in   parliament   or   elsewhere, because it is not of sufficient importance.    The important thing is that they will carry  out   their   pledges,   namely���������to  submitto the voters a prohibition  measure satisfactory to' the prohibitionists; and the voters will  do the rest.    ,!We would be glad  to have Mr. Bowser, Mr. Brewster and Mr. Macdonald vote for  the measure, but their, vote is of  'tJlSdta  Mackay Smith, Blair & Co. Ltd  VANCOUVER, B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF  "PRIDE OF THE  WEST"  BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  MADE    IN    B. C  Send for Catalogue  Prompt Attention Given Lctte  submit to being held up as it  were, but the fact remains that  the principle is wrong. We would  like to end this pur philosophical  venture with the moral: The government has no right to pay excessive salaries and commissions.  Needless  Criticism.  It is surprising to note-the al-  ������������������ . .     i tereafcions  indulged   in . by  the  the contention   '~u      j-    -c   i;*       i  iL._ .-. .  j     .,   sober, dignified members of our  provincial parliament on the subject of the individual stand the  different members occupy-in regard to the desirability of having  prohibition laws enacted in the  province. ' .  Before the legislature met, the  prohibitionists had. been able to  exact from both Premier Bowser and Mr. Brewster," the leader  of the opposition, promises of  .what they would do in the direction^ prohibitory law.- And the  promises of both these gentlemen seemed to .be equally satisfactory to ..the prohibitionists.  No one questioned their intention of doing what they had  agreed to as soon as opportunity  offered. Just because these  gentlemen who, on behalf of the  respective parties of which they  are the leaders, found it expedient for the interests, of theirre-  ' no more value than that .of any  other man.     < ��������� ���������  If prominent men   in   either  party speak  to the liquormen,  they have a perfect, right to do  ' so.  From a political point of view  this is no worse than,for Dr. Mc-  Guire. to hobnob with the prohibitionists..  Let'us. bear in mind  that this is no party measure.  Therefore it seems  undignified  and   beside  the mark for clear  headed men like our members of  parliament, to indulge in trivial  discussions of this kind.   At this  time the paramount issue before  the legislature is not party ad-  vantage; the times are too serious  for that, -both as concerns  Province, Dominion and Empire,  It is now known that the Germans at the invasion of Belgium  and France seized "millions'of  dairy cows and sent them to Germany. And she is also importing large quantities of milk from  Switzerland. The Germans,have  in consequence plenty of -milk  while they, whom they robbed,  are deprived of the necessities  of life and have to be supported  by the charity of the world. .  o     o     o     c     o  The Rise of the Prohibition  Tide.  As far as Canada is concerned  the outlook is that the war against  the legalized liquor traffic will  soon- be oyer: The politicians,  seeking public endorsement for  public preferment, have had a  great light dawn upon them.   A  are just as eager for mh-mv  as those of the sister provirc,  Our friends the antiscliiimtf  it is not fair to submit this a.  tion at a time when so rnan\  our boys are away at tin ft  They are trying to create the -  pression that the soldiers il\M ,  the opportunity would not t  to destroy the saloon,   The u  in  Manitoba  disproves this  ference. , The despatches ������|d.  "Every polling place v. i.t-ief  soldiers voted gave a dry m. \  ty."   The sentiment in fa\or m  prohibition in Ontario is.sostn "  m  $  chos<  f these  it sh  <B2S  .w  spective parties to accede to the German contemporary shed tears  , . _           but the sole aim of our represen- Public roused by the conditions  tatives should be to try to repair, brought about by the war is dis-  the fortunes of our country, of closing in no uncertain tones that  which they are the chosen rep-jit will no longer tolerate the ex-  resentatives.   ��������� actions of the liquor traffic.    It  The present government has ^s hardly necessary, to go into  utterly failed in this respect and j details relating the great victo-  men of every political party and r*es for prohibition gained in  shade of opinion should unite in New. Foundland, Manitoba, Sas-  in ."an effort-to turn it out and j katchewan and Alberta. It is  replace it} with one which willi tbe surprise of the hour to hear  shoulder  the   responsibility  of tnat our government,  which a  short time ago seemed so diffident  on the subject, now yields to  every request that the prohibitionists make.' And this is the  correct thing for the government  to do.    It is its duty to govern  lifting the   country out of its  distress.  v o     o     o     o     o  The Hypocritical Pro-  German.  Not so very long ago our pro-  demands of the prohibitionists,  this should be no indication of  their individual private preferment on this question.:   Without  knowing    the   private   opinion  vices ;you must pay their price;1 of these our leaders oh the ad-  ������hat in fact they are indispens- visabilitv of adopting prohibition  b!e.    We will concede that'in for the province, whether-tfey  so to speak because of the great  cruelty o'������the English in refusing  to allow condensed milk to be  shipped into Germany. That in  consequence of this inhuman attitude of the mistress of the sea  millions of Germany's babies  were docmed.  that the government is on[t  point of deciding that the hqi  question in that province  settled without submitting it  a vote [of the people. The pi.  as at present proposed is: bf'i  tension of the present Hccps*  until November 1, and thenu  complete shut up." It is a to,  to 1 bet that there will be rf  referendum and that prohibitv|  will be in force byNovemhei 1"  said a personin close touch \w  the administration.  The settling of the question,  this manner will meet with ih  hearty approval of the lead, re  the opposition.  And thus our great Domiu.o'  rises to the occasion of repairs.  the ravages caused by war; a-  when this mode has been t������,rf  long enough to  make its herr  the province-according   to the ficJal effects known  the pn*.  will of the majority of the people;  and it is being made plain that  the people of British Columbia  will never consent to the r  introduction of the legaii?  saloon.  ^f������s\:''  Wh.  Gault Brothers Limited  WHOLESALE -DRY GOODS  361 Water Street        Vancouver, B. C.  <$ Qauli Brothers for over 60 years haoe successfully  maintained wholesale warehouses throughout Canada  <I The Vancouver slock ������ the largest and best assorted  stock on the Coast, in some cases the best west of Toronto  STAPLES. Ready-to-Wear  SMALLWARES   MEN'S FURNISHINGS  RIBBONS House Furnishings  CARPETS  LINENS  DRESS GOODS  Til  MAIL ORDERS EXECUTED THE DAY RECEIVED  nor  ���������1=  zzioi:  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY.  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT AND PASSENGER SERVICK  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  d������ u.      vJlClOnSin     Leaves   Vancouver   every  Thursday at 11  p.m.     (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Sundays 9 a. m.  S.' S. "Coquitlam" sails from Vancouver fortnightly, carrying Gasoline and Explosives, will csill  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  t-iu  u^01krates ������LFre'i?htB. fares and other information, apply <������  Head Office, Carrall St., Vancouver; or Geo. McGkkcoi:.  agent, 1003 Government St., Victoria.  HOE  =M  nor:  SHFjgfS'fs^^  '^^Wor-iv t^f, ^p^ m ���������, 1 ~i - . '  '    Z'   '  -V J  ^^fataM^ April /,  1916  1  *"- -*TF,������ /-Y-  BELLA  CbOLA  COURIER  fflHeiPessimist Becoming  Cheerful.  'oliiuiu  'ovincv  iaitntf.  nis qu  tnan\  the vt.  ��������� ���������the -  -���������ii\'b  not v.  The vr  this  ^Jprd.Northcliffe, the owner of  r^;th^e^ojndon   Times,   has called  ^VSollPupon himself a great deal  '  v'6f������Kostile   criticism   from    his  "���������^i'men because he, through  jjvspapers he controls, has  ^ strong criticism against  fyjernment on the conduct  iav.    He has been accused  rag' into the hands of the  id loud calls for the con-  ,of his newspapers and  [arrest have been made.  fourse, are .not in a posi-  Impress an opinion upon  pts of the attitude he has  cnollpjfbut  wc  believe'that a  ' iuM&'mate of the magnitude  'i>&itt>task before the nation and  <tfte\difficulties of accomplishing  it should^ be  presented/to  the  p,3b>Te^|n if it does prove dis-  t^stSoB'Lord Northcliffe may  t&SSSBBr' be classed among the  ' pessimistic, or among those who  -'''^Jf^J&e-xactly cocksure of the  Ml^orUy of the Allies in every  He made a trip to the western  front during the first part of the  month and the impression he received of the outlook is rather  cheerful according to a message  he has sent to the Weekly Despatch, in which he declares:  "If the Germans think that an  attack on the unarmed and dismantled forts of Verdun opens  the road to Paris they have a  very faint notion of the French  preparations and the French  power of resistance."  Comparing the present German  troops with those who fought  early in the war, Lord Northcliffe says:  "Last week 1 saw German  prisoners who had. escaped the  hellish fire of the French 75's at  Verdun. Where had gone those  splendid stalwarts captured at  the battle of the Marne?���������much  of the rank and file now left of  the Germans is undersized and  badly depressed, with faces that  bear a look of fright that seems  as if it would last a lifetime.  Their appearance is such as to  Mail Contract  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  5 REGULATIONS  SIT" A T T7T������ rnmxT-r������inr>o     j j i j.    j.l '     ^jT'OAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  lirALbD TENDERS, addressed to the ^ Manitoba, Saskatchewan and albekta.  Postmaster General, will be received  at Ottav/a until Noon, on Friday, the  12th May next, for the conveyance of  His Majesty's mails, on a proposed  Contract for four years, once per week  each way, over the BELLA COOLA  Rural Mail Route No. 1, from the 1st  July next.  Printed notices containing further information as to conditions of proposed  Contract may be seen and blank forms  of Tender may be obtained at the Post  Offices of Bella Coola and Hagensborg,  or at the office of the undersigned.  E. H. FLETCHER,  P. 0. Inspector.  Post Office Inspector's Office,  Victoria, B. C, 10th March, 1916.  move a heart of stone. With  two exceptions among those with  whom I spoke, all were utterly  weary of warfare and begged to  be told when peace could be expected.  "The fact about the whole war  is that Germany is in the position  of a besieged city, and she is  striking out blindly by land at  the Yukon 'J EunrroitY, the North-west Territories and in a portion of the Province of  British Columbia, may be leased for a term of,  '.twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased  i to one applicant.  Application for a lease muat be made by the  applicant in person to the Atfent or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the nKhts applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land muat be described by sections, or le#a) subdivisions of sections, and in unaurveyed territory the truct applied for shall be ataked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be.accompanied by a  fee of 15 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royally shall he paid on the merchantable out-  - put of the mine ut the rate of five cents per ton.  i The peruon operating; the mine shall furnish  ( the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  I full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  );the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  :j,: are not being operated, such returns should be  h furnished at least once a year.  f The lease will include the coal mining rights  i, only, but the lessee may be permitted to pur-  i,' chase whatever available surface rights may be  /���������considered necessary for the working of the mine  ; at the rule of Jlo.fX) ah acre.  1        For full information   application  should  be  f made to the Secretary of the Department of the  i Interior, Ottawu, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  ' of dominion Lands.  I W. W. CORY,  ���������/' . Deputy Minister of the Interior.  |;       N.B.- Unauthorized publication of this ad-  V, vertibement will not be paid for.���������30690.  immi^mmmksmsmss  1 he Mason & ������\ischPi  mno  of to-day will make, plain our  prioilege to state with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE/  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS   ,  Let us attend  your' Victor Record  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.   ;    Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risck Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  ws&mmimmamwmmmmmiim  BUSINESS CARDS  hoe  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ���������Biscuits  Griffen & Skelleys  famous gold and  silverbar���������  Canned and dried  fruits  g-a'1?  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  Verdun.    She will presently I am  convinced, strike out by sea."  "Turning to the actual fighting  at Verdun, Lord Northcliffe says:  "Not a word is hinted at anything sent out from Germany of  ,the horrible slaughter to which  the German troops have been  subjected this week. Thursday  was a black day for the Germans,  when, drugged with ether, the  men came on in mass formation,  to be mowed down by the French  75's.and machine guns as usual.  "If the Germans possess a  number of guns of greater calibre  than, those used by the French  and English, they have no weapons in their army equal to the  French 75, or gunners at all comparable to the Frenchmen."  Discussing the western theatre  as a whole, Lord Northcliffe says  that the "allied defensive wall  right across France, in so far as  attaining any definite military  position is concerned, is absolutely impregnable. This remark  may equally apply to the German  line across France and Belgium  Fur Sales Agency  f. 600 dealers  and   trappers   of  E. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advant- j  age of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years, i  'Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20 !  of the biggest fur buyers in ihe world '  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures   the   highest  market  ��������� price always.  We hold sales monthly, Lut will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  ���������sending balance immediately after sale.  ���������Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  ILITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  [54. POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  30E  Tll/HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \A/HAT person so independent?  \X/HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of   the necessaries  of life ?  ���������  Bella  Coola  farmers are  independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  41 JK*  vO f~f^<^ (  * -.  The  Best  Known  and  Popular Lubricant for  Motor Boats  Its use assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or In cylinders  IMPERIAL OBL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B.C.  ���������,.;,-.".^rwpf.  Brace the weak crotches in the  trees with screw eyes and wire.  Many a fine tree which took  years to grow has been ruined  because a weak crotch was neglected.  Dealers and Trappers  We pay highest price for  your furs and castorium,  also handle goods on  commission, advancing  2-3 of value, our charges  being 5 per cent, for  handling.  THE EDMONTON HIDE & FUR CO.  P. O. Box 863  EDMONTON, Alta.  157 McDougall Ave.  HTHE REASONS for this enviable condi-  ���������*��������� tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley,  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  Strawberry Culture  ���������  7:  I  c  r  la  "ItAlways 'Pleases"  ^  A. H.  TOMLINSON, Assistant Provincial  Horticulturist.  The hill or single row system  is recommended. Select well-  rooted runners (plants) and set  2 1-2 feet apart in the rows and  15 inches in the hills.  Choose only strong runners  during the growing season from  the best fruiting plants. When  the runners are well rooted cut  the strings. When selecting and  setting runners cut away all those  that remain.  Preparation of Ground and  Planting.  Prepare the land for strawberries by plowing under in summer a cove-crop of such as rye,  vetch, "aloVerYetc., sod, or barnyard manure, fall plowing should  be done; then, until strawberries  are planted in August or September, " a crop of the earlier  vegetables may be raised. In  case the ground is not being utilized, cultivation should be done  to keep down weeds and conserve  Continued on page 4, column 2.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  B  Paint over large wounds on  trees caused by pruning or contact with tools. The surface of  the wounds should be allowed to  dry before the paint is applied.  White lead and linseed oil made  into a thick paint is a good covering for such wounds.  Renew your subscription to the  Courier.    It is only one dollar.  Gef'More Money" for your Foxes  Muskrat. White Weasel, Beaver, Lyux, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in your section  SHIP TOITK FURS DinUCT <o"SHU������EKT"Uie largest  house In Die World dealing exclusively in NORTH ASJEK1CAN RAW tV&S  a reliable���������responsible��������� sate Kur House with an unblemished reputation existing for "more than a tliird of a century." a loni? successful record of sendingr Fur Shippers prompt.SATIS FACTORY  AND PROFITABLE returns. Write for "IFOt fi-bubrrt febfppcr,"  the only reliuble. accurate market report and price list published.  Write for it���������NOW���������it's FREE  AR   ClUfTRFRT   !������<-   25-27 WEST AUSTIN AVE.  . ts. sriu rst,K l, inc. Doptc 67 chicago. u.s.a.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions  Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  Onf, Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  Onk Yeau  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  '*1mlliif'r1il 1-"*-"��������� -~    " "TTT"     tr~ :   ""UT   T"   '   ~   " ' "~ " "" '������������������'���������-  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. 0   Tew out and mail today, with amount of cub������cription enclosed J'   '���������! ������S  T<-  i  1  MS  -^-5 -  8������LLA  COOLA  COURIEft  Saturdt  EH  3ZZ30E  H  >l  4*  ������e  r the  ner  ONE DOLLAR  STRAWBERY CULTURE���������Continued  moisture, also to prepare a mellow soil for planting.  In planting strawberries care  should be taken in placing plants  so that the roots are given plenty  of room in a fairly deep and large  hole so  that the roots may be  spread out somewhat, and plant-  ^Jjed straight.    The crown of the  plant must  not be buried,  the  base alone of the crown should  be covered with soil.    Tread the  soil firmly around the plant.  Cultivation and Winter  Protection.  With   late   summer planting,  cultivation should  be done only  until the plants have taken root  and a growing appearance is assured.  After this, growth should  not be encouraged.     Cultivation  should  cease when cold, frosty  weather is beginning.   Place over  ,    ,tne plants a slight   mulch, .as  tween   Vancouver   and Heaves,  straw,'strawy  manure,  Prince Rupert. sand, sawdust, etc.    This mulch  A distance of six hundred miles. J muat   be.   increased ' as   coldei  weather appears.    In spring the  mulch may be removed gradua  ly, but take care to leave a "small  // Will be tO your in-  covering until quite late.    This  terest to ������eep well in-iwin retard the gTOWth of the  must be planted also, that will ling, (all medium early), Goodell  blossom the same time. This  will bring about cross pollination  and fertilization of the blossoms;  without which thepistillate varieties cannot bear properly formed  or many berries.  The following bisexual varieties are recommended: Magoon,  Senator Dunlap, Clarke's Seed-  (late). The foregoing are good  for crops either for commercial  or home use.  If the hill system as outlined  be followed on an acre of land,  with hills 2 1-2 feet by 15 inches  apart, 14,000 plants will be re  quired.  (7o be concluded in our next Issue.)'  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA j,\  The Courier is the only  newspaper-published on  the mainland coast be-  formed regarding the  happenings throughout  the -Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  "Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public/ 'No manufacturer or. whplesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.     ,  REAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The ^lorth-West  ��������� Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. ' Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  will   retard  plant and protect the blossoms  from late -frost injury.   Leaving  on a late mulch is an important!  thing to be remembered.  After the mulch has been re-.  moved cultivating should be done'  until the berries are forward in  forming. Then a mulch such as !  litter,- straw, leaves, lawn clipp- \  ings, etc., may be-applied so as j  to keep the fruit from becoming'  dirty through/earth splashing j  when rain occurs, or being blown ]  about by winds."'  ��������� When fruiting is over remove  the mulch entirely and'place in '  windrows until fall mulching is '  done. ' -,  Old plantations.  After three years of bearing  the plantation should be destroyed.  Plant strawberries after hoed  crops.  Varieties.  For Bella Coola the bisexual or  perfect flowering kinds are the.  best.    Then if. only one variety!  is being raised a'crop may be ex-'  pected just the same, but wich  the pistillate, imperfet or female  flowering varieties, bisexual sorts I  Brynildsen  LEADING   DEALERS  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Notions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  m  -'4'   .  C JtffJ ���������*  C  '4  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE^  ���������V  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVESi$  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Uothing, Shirts and Underwear  they WILLSTAND IT-becausf they are MADE TO WEAR  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and ChUdren's Shoes  ������ all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes    ������    ������  e  NOBODY BUYS OVERALLS TO' PLAY TRICKS with  THEM SUCH AS IS SHOWN IN ThTrctur! ABOVE  IN WHICH FOUR MEM EXERTED ALL THE R StLncth  IN THE EFFORT TO RIP A PAIR OF PEAB^SS " l  BUT IF THEY Witt STAND THIS-THEY WONT RIP '  UNDER THE HARDEST KIND OF UMMMTmAR  ^^^     WE   ARE   THE  AGENTS   OF  PEABODYS'  GUARANTEED OVERALLS.  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us dp your job printing.   We will do it right.  , i We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  Plumbing Showroom West of  Toron to. Let us quote sou.  , KYOD BROS., LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  ** ���������' rmrM~m mam  RttILD  UP  YOUR  HOME  TOWN. ;  Do not talk���������support home ^industries ���������talk  is  cheap.    Tli& best way to show!  that you. are in   earnest is  to J  practise it. j  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  Settlers, Prospedors, Hunters, Trappers,; Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the most suitable-articles are kept at prices thai  invite competition.  a  Yeas  T^E two principal reasons  (,_why   you   should   buy  fahamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BACON  Burns;  JHiglJgyNIH^^COURIER"  "���������"'-a -ri.n.i   i | ,������������������!  Ogilvie's  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction I Crockery and GlaMwarfof a"k  Paints -  Oils - Varnishes  - St  ains  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Better order a bag now  From  LARD  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and  Proviaioners  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all  kept on hand.    Prompt service  sorts  GOOD GROCEf  Best Goods- Lowest Prices- Largest Sto  ck  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.G  BBBfiHBfflUMM^'  sauaes*'  sul  M  rift  "tal  3/es  CK  ���������h  'err  da3  avi  I  t:>n  I  wa  abc  tS^W^^WTT?*,* ffl^^pt^ WflwaiRiStt^r-^l^ w<r &*<!&������������������">?> n wrQP*:fw>K&-������r' tot*���������, -, ���������,. ^^ rt ^,Wl������������������1���������v.J,������������������,.  ���������i/--t*_u.-^^i������-j^j^^jf1r+������*.^^.T*^nrw,r

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