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Bella Coola Courier 1916-04-22

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 ���������'j-i  i'n^    1/     >l    f*'1  ]-^W"s.'  !&������-.*   *  ,    ���������J'iJWBs'ii-J"  f ,i y  ������/i  ffQU  WANT GOOD   SPORT  "    BELLA COOLA.   EXCEL-  HUNTING AND FISHING.  WEATHER REPORT FOR MARCH,  Compiled  by  Mr. C. H. Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 44.   Minimum, 30.  Highest Max. (20th)60.   Lowest Min. (3rd) 8  Rainfall, G.16 inches.      Snow, 14 inches.  Rainfall for the year (1915) 34.33 inches.  -NO. 27  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAYryIPRIL 22,  1916.  $1.00 a  Year  >. *  EMS OF WAR NEWS  April 18.���������Left bank of the Meuse there has been intense  ment of French" positions at Avoucourt Wood, near Le-  bmmes and Cumieres.    On the right bank of river the  fssed relatively calm except region of Hudremont, where  ^SIEWre^fs^ontinuous artillery activity, but there has been no infan-  tewr  ���������^#|^ffis during day or.night.    During the nights of April 16  '^"^jirench air squadron com batted with enemy aeroplanes and  fern, bringing down one out of the six.    French armed  flying over North Sea dropped sixteen shells on an ehe-  sel, eleven found mark and vessel sank.  jsnhurst, April 18.���������-Lord  Montague said,   "Germany has  sppelins which will   be available for use on England by  M  Rifed  ions  &  *vy  ) April 18.���������During a raid by two French aerial squadrons  on the Saloniki front, according to an Athens despatch,  uadron dropped bombs on the Bulgarian forces assembled at  tza station and the other squadron attacked the German  at Bogdantze.    Both squadrons returned undamaged.  on, April 18.���������It is.confirmed that the French captured the  ine that torpedoed the Sussex, taking prisoners the captain  w, who confessed to torpedoing the passenger steamer.  casualty list posted of British and Canadians on the St.  ont, where heavy fighting has taken place in past-two days.  btiations between United States and Germany being eagerly  ed in Austria-Hungary.    Count Tjsza, Hungarian premier,  mently opposing any policy likely to lead to open rupture  he United States.  hington, April 18.���������President Wilson completes note to Ger-  y} it is the most vigorous yet written; immediate change of  German submarine policy is demanded.    Relations between the  ?|lw6^>untries are expected-to be broken.  AH*kinds of rumors regarding-Villa are afloat.    No reliable information  about  the  progress of the expedition,.but American  Washington, April 20.���������President Wilson told Congress, assembled in joint session, shortly after 1 p. m. this afternoon, he had  given Germany irrevocable notification that the United States will  break off diplomatic relations if her,illegal submarine campaign is  continued. America's last word, which is practically an ultimatum  and demanding immediate reply, presumably was in Berlin foreign  office as the president was speaking." President Wilson asked no  action whatever of Congress; he simply informed it of the accumulation of facts proving Germany':s assurances to the United States  being violated. The submarine campaign is, despite the earnest  protest from United States, being conducted with renewed vigor  in contravention to all laws of nations and humanity, and he means  to sever relations unless it is brought within law. Diplomatic history of the world shows that such a course is almost certain to be  followed by war. President's note and his address to Congress  are final; they mark the end of dipldmatic exchanges and the continuance of long-standing friendly relations depends alone upon  Germany's conduct. ���������  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  S. S. Chelohsin made her weekly appearance last Sunday at 12  noon.  The number of passengers was  larger than for some time past  and included A. W. Stone, Fred  Groves, W. M. Burke, D. H.  Hoage, B. F. Allen, Chas. Tucker,  E. J. Conway, Miss Smaby'and  Mrs. A. Woods.  ,**,  ^soldiers will not be withdrawn from Mexico.  glPetrograd, April 19.��������� Trebizond, the most important city on  jack Sea, has been captured by the Russians,  hington, D. C, April 19.���������President Wilson will appear be-  ongress today and lay the entire submarine question before  ouses.    A break in the diplomatic relations with Germany  C5 !;k'-'-is?said to be imminent.  ^London, April 19.���������The British cabinet crisis over the~recruiting  problem is still acute.  Indications point that cabinet ministers apparently have been  '^unable to agree on the conscription question was furnished by the  ".--announcement that Premier Asquith would not make his expected  speech on the subject.  is rumored that David Lloyd George presented his resignation  fg to differences of opinion having arisen regarding conscrip-  ijtion.  The British lines on thesouth bank of the Tigris in Mesopotamia  were forced back by Turkish forces a distance of from five hundred to eight hundred yards.  The Russian barque Schwanden, which left Greenock, Scotland,  on,March 23rd for Mobile, Alabama, has been torpedoed by a German submarine. Almost the whole of the crew were saved.  -'SBfcris, April 19.���������On the left bank of the Meuse there has been  severe bombardment on our first line positions between Deadman  HihVand Cumieres. On the right bank the night passed relatively  quiet.  It has been confirmed that the German attack delivered yesterday between Meuve and Douamount took character of extreme  violence. Further information adds that this offensive attack was  conducted by troops belonging to five different divisions; the losses  -were heavy on both sides.  I ^In the east salient at Chaffeur Wood, the enemy succeeded in  ���������.penetrating our first line trenches, but from this position he was  'in'.part driven out by our counter attacks.    In Woevre there has  b,3en artillery engagements in the sector near Moutainville.    Ger-  rrijrH'eeonnaissange endeavoring to approach our trenches from  the direction of Serrhinpere were, repulsed by the use of hand  grenades.  \fSaloniki, April 19.���������22 French aeroplanes bombarded the head-  ���������quarters of the Bulgarian staff at Doiran. French officers say that  al������J|erman squadron of aircrafts attempted to engage the bombarding French midlines, but when the enemy was attacked by special  rapid firing guns he was forced to abandon the attempt,  v London, April 20.���������Over fifty thousand Turks were captured at  the fall of Trebizond. The Norwegian steamer Terje Viken was.  sunk Monday. The crew were saved. Spirited bombardment  on Verdun front.    Nothing of importance occurred other fronts:  As the steamer called at Kimsquit this trip a large number of  employees for the Manitou cannery were on board. Mrs. Cj  Draney of Namu and several  members of her househould went  up to Kimsquit cannery for the  summer.  D. H. Hoage returned to his  home at the Crossing after a  long stay in the State of Washington. He reports that money  is plentiful in Seattle, and as a  result of prohibition the merchants find trade has improved  greatly and, generally speaking,  times are mending rapidly. His  son, James, who sustained severe  injuries in an accident last fall,  is now working at good wages.  He is not fully recovered but is  >teachly getting stronger.  Mr. Ivan Estenson was the only  passenger going out and he says  that after a short visit to his  people in Minnesota he will return and stay for good.  Chas. Tucker, Dominion constable, stayed away three weeks  and then returned. It is not  necessary to mention that there  is no trouble remaining among  the Indians after he has paid  them a visit.  The ladies of the W. C. T. U.  met on Wednesday afternoon.  It was decided to expend the sum  of six dollars and fifty cents  (which was the amount realized  on the sale of violets.donated by  Mrs. Grant) on wool to be knitted into socks for the Red Cross,  wh/ile the balance of fifty-one  dollars and seventy cents be sent  direct to the Vancouver Branch  of the Red Cross Society.  Arrangements are being made  A. W. Stone, provincial con- for a musical evening on Satur-  stable- and fishery officer, with day, May 6th, at which short  Fred Groves and W. M. Burke, | temperance addreaaeg wil, be  his assistants, are here to study  In the evening the same day  the cannery tug Kimsquit called  on its way to Kimsquit. Chas.  Draney, the cannery manager,  was aboard. After taking in a  supply of potatoes and kidnapping  Gus Pearson to instal him in his  former position as netboss at the  Kimsquit cannery, the tug departed on Monday morning.  Aeroplane Crosses the  Valley.  The first bi-plane to appear in  the vicinity of Bella Coola was,  according to the settlers at Canoe  Crossing, to be seen crossing the  valley at that place on Thursday  morning last.  The air-craft, coming from the  south, was flying low enabling  the observers to have a good view  besides" hearing the noise of the  engines. After circling for a  few minutes the machine disappeared in a northerly direction.  It is supposed that the aeroplane  was a friendly one as no bombs  were dropped.  J. H. Shafer is down from  Tudistan, near Anaham Lake.  Although the climate of the Interior agrees with him he prefers to spend the summer in  Bella Coola.    It is reported that J. P. Robertson,, an old-time settlor of  Bella Coola and who for a few  years has lived in the Le Mar  Valley, Chilcotin, has committed  suicide.  It appears that Mr. Robertson  acted strangely for some time  before his death. Melancholy is  attributed for his rash act.  He was favorably known among  the people of Bella Coola during  his residence in the valley. But  the last year or two of his stay  here he began to show indications of an unbalanced mind and  it is very likely that insanity is  the real cause of his suicide.  more promising. The mine at  Surf Inlet is developing into a  very remunerative property.  Some properties on Douglass  Channel, or Kitimat, is coming  to the front with very good showing. _���������   Tomorrow at the Mission  Church there will be a special  song service at 2 p. m.  The Indians have been trained  and will, it is, confidently expected, prove a credit to themselves  and their instructor. In fact it  is predicted the singing will be.  "exceedingly fine."  ��������� The white people should encourage these efforts by a large  attendance.  We hasten to extend our thanks  to Wilfrid Gibson, the prominent  photographer of Victoria, for the  gift of the fine cut of our soldier  boys printed in the Courier two  weeks ago. Our thanks are scme-  what belated because it is just  learned to whom we are indebted.  Capt. Parks, who for so many  years has safely piloted one of  Union Steamship Company's passenger steamers up and down  the Coast, will, it is learned, soon  transfer his services to the Gran-  by Consolidated Co. He\vill en  June 1st assume command of the  S.S. Turret Crown, 3000 tons,  built at Newcaslle-on-Tj ne, 1905.  At present this steamer is lun-  m'ng between Halifax and the  West Indies. It will come to  this coast at the opening of the  Panama Canal.  We are in receipt of a letter  from A. H. Tomlinson, who has  been assistant horticultuiist for  this district for some time, that  he has resigned from his present j sincere  sorrow and  disappoint  position and accepted another in  connection  with   the  landscape  We learn with deep regret that  Dr. T. H. A. Jamieson died last  week at Vancouver.  Dr. Jamieson was well and  favorably known to the people of  Bella Coola. He came here in  the fall of 1908 and stayed two  years practicing his profession  as a physician. He was a conscientious, energetic and painstaking  doctor and it was  with  the habits of the salmon. The  provincial government, for the  purpose of adopting plans for the  protection and propagation of the  salmon is carrying on a systematic investigation along the  rivers of the coast. Mr. Stone  and his assistants will devote  several weeks at Bella Coola and  Kimsquit.  E. J. Conway, travelling representative of the Granby Co.,  has been in Bella Coola before in  his capacity of expert in estimating the value of mining properties as producers. He has, during this;, w-eek, examined somt*  properties on Dean Channel  which we hope he will report  sufficiently valuable to be taken  be given.    All are cordially invited to attend.    Admission free.  The steamer Bertha D (Capt.  Moorehouse) came up from Namu  on Thursday. She left for Kimsquit on Friday morning. It is  definitely settled that both canneries at Kimsquit will operate  this year.  General-manager Rudge of the  Draney Fisheries Ltd. and manager English of the Namu cannery  were on board, on a tour of inspection of the company's plants.  Road-superintendent R. Jennings arrived in town from Prince  Rupert Thursday night and left J  early on Friday morning for the  upper valley.  branch of the horticultural department of the Ontario Agricultural College at Guelph.  He states in the same letter  that he hopes to make a final trip  to Bella' Coola and that he will  then try to get in touch with as  many of the settlers as possible.  While we congratulate Mr.  Tomlinson on his obtaining a  better position we at the same  time feel sorry to lose a capable  official, who has shown himself  very much in earnest in promoting agriculture in his district.  His many friends will be glad if  he, in his new surroundings,  would continue to favor them  with his valuable contributions  through this journal from time  to time.   The outlook for the mining industry on the Coast is becoming  ment his many friends here saw  his departure for larger fields.  His body has been taken East  for burial.  Another  shipment   of   empty  over and worked by the company ! salmon tins have arrived for the  he represents.  B. F. Allen, the genial salesman of the wholesale dry goods  house of Johnson Bros., Vancouver, is interviewing his customers, both here and at Hagensborg,  and also selling them the goods.  local cannery from the American-  Canadian factory's plan tat Wad-  hams during the week. i/This  will bring the amount of tins on  hand up to 12,000 cases, which is  about half of the quantity that  will be required for the season's  uack.  Special Song Service to be held  in the Indian Mission Church at  2 p. m., sharp.  The following anthems will  sung:  "The Earth 13 the Lord's."  "Jerusalem."  "Vesper after Benediction."  be  NOTICE.  C EALED TENDERS, addressed to the  **-* Secretary, Belia Coola Telephone,  Light & Power Co., will be received at  Bella Coola until noon, April 20th, for  repairs and upkeep of Telephone line  from Bella Coola to A. Hammer's place  for nine arid a half months (May 1st to  February 15th).  Further information apply to -  A. C. CHRISTENSEN, Secretary.  All are cordially invited.  A special  Easter service will  be held at the Mackenzie School  at 7:30 p. m.  Preacher���������Rev. W. H. Gibson.  Special solos to be rendered:  Anthem "This is the Day."  Cello solo     Melody in "F"  Mrs. W. Linnell.  Solo "Peace be Still."  Miss Clayton.  Solo ' 'Oro Pro Nobis. "  Mr. A. Atkins.  Sulo  "A Blessing."  Mitfs Gibson.  Missionary collection. L-4  tv.\  'l:'f  h .'I 'i i .},  'IT,! ���������-;"' ;lf  WJ" art  J������'K  13;.{iJ''-vI  W)V<I  <iii  i-Mi"'.!!  jii.::'������:,l  3!$iff  .1!"  !i Mi  iliilf  ll  I  IS  Minml  Jimm  lill      j I  fcl  1  ������ M<  w  m  I  wi  irarll  wwb  rw**  J?  BELLA C661A C6Ufci������ft  Saturn  toy.  hi in in  The Courier  Published Weekly at Bella'Coola by  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1  Year ! $1.00  6 Months       0.7S  3 Month*   0.50  United States  1  Year $1.50  United Kingdom  1  Year.  .$1.00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers not. receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. . Changes in address should be  sent in as soon'as possible.   -  For Advertising - Rates,  Apply at  : Office.  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications -A-ill be published, the  name and add res? of every writer of such letters  must be given to the editor.  The Editor reserves the right to refuse publi-  cntiun of any letter. All manuscript at writer's  risk.  "������>aUtfl papuli aiqirrma zst Irx."   ���������   .   '<   SATURDAY, APRIL 22, 1916.  into  the reasons for his gi-eat  generosity with their money.  .' He does not consider himself  in.the position of a public servant, who is in duty bound to give  an account to his employers.  He probably considers this case  similar in principle to the secret  debates which obtains where international treaties or relations  are under discussion; as in them  if everything were related it  might disturb the peace of the  county.  We take the liberty of assuring  Mr. Bowser that we cannot conceive of any of his dealings open  or secret which may hereafter  come before  the public before  next election,   will  add  to the  disturbance already existing. We  have got so, we expect almost  any audacious act from our present government; so Mr. Bowser  may just as 'well let the secret  BAKIN&POWDER  individuals where no organization  exists, to take up this question  of how to increase the productiveness of our land underserious  consideration.    Our government  agricultural expert is expected  to come here shortly';   counsel  with  him  and devise practical  plans to be laid before the farmers for their approval and guidance.   But act soon, no time must  be lost.  should be permitted at this critical time to use the grounds for  purposes of private gain. All  monies received for refreshments,' amusements, etc., should  be used for patriotic purposes.  For the defrayal of "expenses  subscriptions may be solicited  beforehand.  These, suggestions offered are  not for the purpose of influencing  the plans of the committee, but  are made in order that our readers living at adjacent places may  know what Bglla Coola intends  to do and make arrangements to  come here onjEmpire Day and  bring as many with them as  possible. .        '  ^il22>^  Mackay Smith; Blair & Co. Ltd  VANCOUVER, B. C.  WfooSesaSe  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  Manufacturers  OF" PRIDE OF THE  WEST"  BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  m  MADE   IN    B. C  Send for Catalogue  Prompt Attention Given Letter Ortle  ((���������  The Extent of Mr. Boivszr's  Power.  out.  o     o     o     o     o  The Government's Appeal  to Farmers.   .  We sometimes have our doubts  if Hon. W. J. Bowser is the great  legal   luminary  his 'position  as  attorney-general would lead one  to expect.   For instance, at times  he has referred several cases'set-  ting forth his conceptions of the  .province's legal rights   to   the  privy council, the supreme court  of the Empire, and has had the  chagrin to see most of them reversed.        ; .  His conception of his power as  a minister of the crown seems to  be, equally confused or incorrect.  He evidently labors under the  delusion that his exalted position  give3.him the power of an autocrat.   -When1 we'make.this state-"  ment, we do.not refer to the high  handed manner in which'he dealt  4with the ousting of Mr. Turner  from the agent-general's office,  nor his promising him all sorts  of   nice   things   for   going out  peaceably; because in these instances He felt that-the people's  representatives in the legislature  would submissively sustain him.  But we refer to the secrecy he  maintains as. to the reasons for  his extraordinary generosity in  consenting to pay Mr. Turner's  private debt out of. the public  treasury.  Another  of   his   transactions  which proves his lack of understanding the scope of his authority is that in which -one of the  Mackenzie & Mann companies in  the registering of arfinstrument  of which the fee was $13,473.98,  he ordered the registrar-general  to let the company off by paying  only $200, giving as a^ reason that  times were hard.  He.as a lawyer ought to know  that he has no right, even though  he is the attorney-general of the  province, to bend the law in favor  of anyone.    He ought to know  that the law is no respecter of  persons, that its provisions should  - be enforced, in   respect to all,  whether rich or poor.    The times  may be hard, but the tax collector is relentless.    All .must pay  according to. the terms of law.  Times may be hard, but we have  a suspicion that there are some  taxpayers who are in a harder  pinch than the millionaires which  aroused   the   attorney-general's  sympathies and leniency.  In the case of the secrecy he  observes in the Turner transaction he evidently thinks the  people have no right to inquire  Business men have proven thai  it pays to ad vertise." The Courier  contains advertisements . from  several reputable-business houses  which it will pay the people to  patronize.-'  It is seldom we call the attention of our subscribers to these  advertisements although it is to  the interest of _ the paper that  they be'read and heeded.    ���������"  This issue contains one from  the Dominion government which  it is the duty and to the interest  of every farmer especially to  study.        . ���������-'  It is an appeal to the producers  to use' the land,���������. the resources  under their control,  in such a  way as to produce the largest results in foodstuffs. ' This matter  should  be  looked upon from a  patriotic point of view, not as a  question of dollars and . cents.  This county in order to carry on  the war "needs not only soldiers,  but also ;that which gives them  strength and efficiency..   If we  cannot go to the ������������������ war let us at  home, in our respective callings^  bend our intelligence  and   our  energies to the production of that  which must be produced in order  that victory be ours.  It should be the business of the  executive of the Farmers' Institute in-Bella Coola and patriotic  We  Will Celebrate.  The Empire Day is drawing  near.   It is conceded along this  Coast that Bella Coola has in the  years past observed the day on a  scale in proportion  to its size.  People   from   the   surrounding  places have made it a practice to  come here for the celebration and  have gone away glad that they  made the trip.  , This year will prove no exception to this good rule. If possible the day should be celebrated  more elaborately than ever. The  great struggle in which the Empire is engaged should make this  day an occasion for the display  of that fervent patriotism which  prevails in every British heart.  The many people engaged at  Ocean Falls, the logging camps  and canneries, must break loose  that day and come to Bella Coola  in order.that we .all together  make the Empire Day a day  which will fill us with more  patriotism and more willingness  to make sacrifices for our-land  and the great principles for  which it is fighting.  We are glad to learn that our  Red Cross Committee has already  began planning for the proper  observance of the day.    We have  not learned any particulars concerning the plans, but feel safe  in informing pur readers that the  day  will,   among  many attractions offered for the enjoyment  and entertainment of the visitors,  be made the occasion for an effort to raise money for the Red  Cross Society and  possibly for  the   Patriotic   Fund;     No one  Our Aim in the  War.  The German Chancellor in a  recent speech .'in the Reichstag,  com meriting upon the peace terms  as outlined by Premier Asquith,  said that Germany would continue the war in defense of Prussian militarism to the bitter end  or words to that effect.  He made out that Germany's  existence depended on its military strength.-  It is to be hoped that one of  the results of the war will be  that the. existence of- the weak  nations will be, safeguarded and  as safe and firmly established as  that of the strongest.  Premier Asquith explained in  a speech a few' days ago \v,hat he  meant by the destruction of  Prussian militarism.  "Great Britain and France,"  he said, "entered the war not to'  strangle Germany or to wipe her  off the. map of Europe; not to  destroy or mutilate her national  life;  certainly  not to interfere  with  the free' exercise of her  peaceful endeavors.   ....   As  a result of this war we intend to  establish the principle that international   problems   must   be  handled by free negotiations on  equal terms between free peoples  and that this shall no longer be  hampered or swayed by the overmastering dictation of a military  caste."  This is clear and precise language. It places the issue between  the Allies and Germany, between  the rule of Law and the rule of  Force, squarely before the  world.  The Under Dog."  A pro-German paper ' 'The Re  forrn^ from United States, ex  plains its pro-German proclivities  to be caused by its sympathy for  the "under dog."   It does not  give any reason why it considers  Germany the under dog, but at'  the same time we are glad that  even  Germany's, friends   begin  to realize  that  she  is  fighting  a losing game.  We are not very well posted in  history;,  but .we   believe   that  Germany's position  among the  nations of the world up till the  time of the war was not a humble  one.    Quite the contrary.    She  was rather the strong bully of  Europe an'd her strength was not  hidden to the eyes of her neighbors.   We do not know the many  diplomatic questions  that have  troubled the European statesmen  in the last decades, but there are  indications from which the inference can  be  drawn at least  that Germany during these years  carried out the role of a bully  among   nations,   and   that  her  neighbors had to yield to her on  many points  because they did  j not care to run counter to her  motto of  "blood  and  iron" or  come in contact with her "mailed  fist."  It will be remembered that The  Hague conferences, which came  into  existence  nearly c%httt \$  years ago,  were called for f  ^  purpose of promoting ];(..aC(t| j    |'g  spite of sneering remarks totr.lrfStl  jcontraryit is still the truth, },���������  ever, that nearly all thf rulers  the  world were sincere jn ���������������  expression   of   the   desire u  peace.    As a means towards u,  end it was proposed   io rcdut  armaments;   all   the  conferral*  powers   agreed   to   this e.\ctr}������J|  She  * ^a  a  P  A'  ' d  uermany.     She  scoffed at i\  idea, and showed her content  for  the  proposal   by  increa t  preparations for war.    Ar.othr  attempt towards the mainlenarct  of peace was the submissionc'  all differences to arbitration "  which all gave their assent i  cept Germany.     She  not  on,sr.  refused to submit to this hcrse'  but in her arrogant pride artjj  security of her strength dictattiV  to the others that she would n  permit them to settle their q\\  differences by that method eithe-  She was able to block the effor  of the others in this direction t  insisting on the.enforcement c,  a rule adopted early in ������bc *>v  tings of the conference, that au\  [decision   made,   in  order  to I  binding, must be passed unani  mously.    And thus The Hagi*  conferences   accomplished  urj  little for the peace of the uoild,5  and all  because of the attitude "K  of Germany.    She was not th  &&&������$&&&&&  A HOUSEHOLD HELP  v  &#&&  "CANADA FIRST" Milk Is  BEST  I j Cjvornrncr.t Test.  Eattcr than raw milk f jr CoCco. Cocoa.  Custard, Dressings or Cooking.  Safest f~r Eaby Toed.  TRY THIS RECIPE  " Canada First" Custard Pic.  I can "Canada First" Evaporated  (uaswvAstcneu) J>iuk.    10 Cent bize.  ..���������, , 4 Eggi, pinch of sail, sugar to taste,  little prated nutmeg or groui fj cinnamon. Diluto the milk with  t.iruet.m^sas much water. aJd eggs woU beaten, salt, nutmeg.  si;ar. Line two small or one lar^e pie plate >vith p.-utry (Jeep  p.o plates are preferable), fill and bake in bot oven for J hour.  Ask Your Grocer To-day-Insist on " CANADA FIRST."  You can vvhi? " Canada First" Evaporated Milk. cbi:i before whipping.  THE AYLMER CONDENSED MILK CO., LTD.  AYLMEI*. ONT., CANADA  faff  -    s  \'U  i^  &*&&}$������  A._    \,  HOE  =?]������fc=  IOE  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGER SERVICK  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  d������ O.      LlielOnSin     Leaves   Vancouver  every  Thursday at 11  p.m.     (Victoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Sundays 9 a.m.  S. S. "Coquitlam" sails from Vancouver fortnightly, carrying Gasoline and Explosives, will call  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  PROJECTED ROUTE OF THE PACIFIC & HUDSON BAY RAILWAY^  HPAnV^'0fpPrcight8,oFares antl othor ^formation, "PI'lv "  aLent \m\r'^AanJ^LU S0T- Vancoovbk ; or Gko. McGkk<;������".  agent,   1003 GOVERNMENT St.,   VICTORIA.  <������]  :���������hoe  m>  HOE  ==nfe  fpffppfp?^  '^fMity ^ijkukii*? t-'^-T'lrpj   iiiriumi^  I  n ������ ' J. ������  iff'n  '<l-22, \Jy<~, .fV,  ���������   m^SlSmi: April 22. 1916  BELLA COOLA COURIER  UNGS  i-ND  INAW  l^u^der dog in those days.  tM^&W, she defied the powers  |lnvbwBurope and broke the treaty  ^mtelit the close of the Russo-  ^*?-Lish war by allowing Austria,  to annex Herzegowina  osnia.    In 1912, she put in  in the settling of the  Situation by making and  ,,> .������������������...���������  ang the  unreasonable de-  |hat half-savage Albania  |be independent, and by  [tion    provoked   another  '4, she again arrogantly  rue bully fashion backed,  in the most humiliating  ever made upon an in-,  ent nation by another,  pthe country assailed, at  marks totr.^HhWIl^ice of Russia who-did not  " truth, h,  ttu* rul(-r;  cer������.' in ���������������  desire ���������<���������  owa.'���������(]>: t-������  J   to rciU  portuhity to crush Serbia, violate  Belgium, cripple Russia and reduce France to a humble position  and therefore she declared^war  ali around. Who was the under  dog at that time? It surely was  not Germany. Britain remembered her obligations and in  spite of her unpreparedness she  went to the aid of the under dog  in the fight. And if after nearly  two years of struggle the situation is becoming reversed, all  right thinking people will rejoice.  lis���������.���������  l^wlnWar, made the most abject  ^and;;,fiumble   reply   imaginable,  ' and 'j^pause upon/one point she  propMeff'arbitration it was re-  The Coast of British  Columbia.  a  B}) Archie D. Darlington.  Part 111.���������The Settlements.  So much for the inlets.    But  even  in   so  brief a survey we  must not pass over large river-  valleys like theSkeena, the Naas  jectea^fnd war declared imme-  'tfflSK The frantic efforts of-iand the Belia Coola- with.many  confer;', ^  'ritain, France and Italy  e.xc   ">fk^^^^nt tne world war availed  flwol^K-    Germany saw her op  this  fled at \tr  ���������r conten���������  >r iiicr������iM;  v Ar.otht  laintenarct  omission c'  titration '',  assent i  :  not  onit  his herse!'  pride an*  th dictates  would iv  i their ok:  hod eithe-  the effor������  irection t  '.cement f  n the  ?, that at,  ier to U  ed unant  he Ha������uc,  hed   un'  he uotH^'i  2 attituo  5  not th  thousands of fertile acres, and  rapidly growing settlements of  increasing productiveness.    The  Duerrs���������  Jams and Jellies  Huntley & Palmers  ���������Biscuits  Griffen & Skelleys  famous gold and  si 1 verbar���������  Canned and dried  fruits  %EES0N, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  'Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  ���������<o<r>-o o-<"s i  *>��������� -1  j.  POLARIN  Th6 Best  Known and  Popular Lubricant for  Motor Boats  Its use assures freedom from Carbon deposit  on valves, spark plugs, or in cylinders  IMPERIAL OIL CO. LTD., VANCOUVER, B. C.  town of Bella Coola, at the head  of the long and narrow Burke  Channel, is a very ambitious  place backed up by the promising  resources of its agricultural environments. It has government  buildings, a telegraph linking up  with Hazelton, a cannery, a local  telephone system and a smart  little newspaper. The valley is  very thickly populated and, apart  from agricultural possibilities is  an excellent hunting ground; the  river,  too,  provides exceptional  i- ' - '    ���������  sport for the angler. Some day,  when- the coast comes into its  own, Bella Coola, like her northern neighbor Prince Rupert, will  be numbered amO'ngst the great  cities of the West and be prominent as the western terminal of a  great railway. Within easy distance of the town are Hagensborg  and Kimsquit. Of Prince Rupert  I need scarcely speak: though  still in the heyday of her youth,  the tale of her destiny has gone  forth.  West from Prince Rupert, on  the Pacific side of Hecate Strait  is Graham Island, northernmost  of the Queen Charlotte group. It  contains a large area of farming  (and and consequently is attracting many settlers. Its town and  port is Masset, at the mouth of  a peculiar inlet bearing the same  name. "There are also communities at Queen Charlotte and Skid-  egate. Graham's near neighbor  is Moresby Island.  The large Calvert Island at the  entrance to Rivers Inlet and Fitz-  Hugh Sound is undergoing rapid  development, and its interior soil  is excellent. The steamer landing and chief community is at  Safety Cove on the east side.  But south and east from Prince  Rupert and between  there and  Vancouver Harbor,  the number  of islands,   as  I   have said,   is  legion; a description of the hewer settlements and embryo towns  would fill a bulky volume: they  will some day, nevertheless, tell  their own story.'' Yet there remain some few older, and at the  present period more worthy of  mention and Malcolm Island is  one of them.      Its people are  prosperors and work largely on  the co-operative system. Poultry  farming has proved very successful. Sointula, where are the post  office,  wharf,  hotel, school and  stores  is   quite   a   considerable  place.     Then   Cartes,   Denman  and    Hornby    Islands,    though  smaller are none the less progressive and must not in consequence  be  overlooked.    The  first is a  Mecca  for poultry raising and  ships large quantities of eggs.  The farmers of Valdez Island,  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  pOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  ^ Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Territory, the Nokth-west Territories and in a portion of the Province of  British Columbia, may b������ leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the At?eht or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the rights appl.ed for  are situated.  . In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or lettal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the ritfhts  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating- the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  .the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  ��������� are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of Slu.00 an acre.  For full infoirnation application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion i.ar.ds.  W. W. CORY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. 13.��������� Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30600.  BUSINESS CARDS  [OE  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have, taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  nor  Dealers and Trappers  We pay highest price for  your furs and castorium,  also handle goods on  commission, advancing  2-3 of value, our charges  being 5 per cent, for  handling.  THE EDMONTON HIDE & FUR CO.  P. O. Box 863  EDMONTON, Aha.  157 McDougall Ave.  "ItAlw&ys ^Pleases"  again, rear a hardy breed of  oheep, and for a place so small  the output of produce is phenomenal. Texada Island, at the northwestern end of the Strait of  Georgia, is highly mineralized,  and rich especially in copper ore:  its town and port is Van Anda.  nearer to Vancouver are Bowen  Island and Sechelt, both very  charming summer resoVts and  patronized greatly by residents  of the Te^*minal City.  Such-then' are some of the  busy, thriving little outposts  scattered over five hundred miles  of littoral. They do not appear  on the map. and are often unknown to each other; but go to  form the make up of this coast  of British Columbia, which, like  Western Africa, though not for  the self-same reason possesses a  The Mason &RischPi  mno  3  of to-day will make plain our  privilege to stale with authority:  "NO FINER   PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  ^]T Let us attend  your Victor Record  Jl  mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.     ' Write for Catalogue  j Mason & Risch Ltd  1    738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  i czd cd  v\7HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \^7HAT person so independent?  \X/'HAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of  the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola   farmers are  independent)  they are strangers to hard times.  HTHE REASONS for this enviable condi-  ���������*��������� tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm pio-  duce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over twenty first prizes.  Isl  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the NorthernCoest is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw rniil at Bella-Coola,  ] czn (a  czz> t  latent fascination all its own.  River and sea and reef and bar  supply a spice of danger and engender an element of excitement,  needful zest to the life of the  young and adventurous man;  whilst the staider and older in-  lividual having a mind to farm  ind live the quiet, simple life,  (inds his heart's desire in these  island interiors.  Get "More Money** for your I^oxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in yoareeotion  SHIP YOUR FURS OinrcCT fo"SHUBERT" the largest  bouse In the World dealing exclusively In NORTH AUtklCAN RAW FtJUS  a reliable���������responsible���������safe Fur House with an unblemished reputation existing: for "more than a third of a century." a lonjr successful record of sending: Fur Shippers prompt, SATIS FACTORY  AND PROFITABLE returns. Write for"iri)������ febubert fetjtppcr."  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  Write tor it-NOW-lf s FREE  AR  ^MITRFRT Inr- 25-27 west Austin ave.  . EJ. DHUDlLK I , InC. Dept.c 67 CHICAGO. U.S.A,  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA  COOLA  COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Thkee Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1.50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. 0   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed  ------,hi���������iimtiimi ~ii������������������i������m i'  nTiiri "    ���������r'lin   if in uri ** ���������*- ��������� -" -*��������� * -������������������ ^-��������� --���������-������ ������������������>--fnffi������*i ilii  I   l<   CI I   '   '        <   Vl /���������   1������  I'll  ji'3 .ri,<; j lit  liim {'if  ,'i,rir? ''H  I  Hr" ,i$  *'> ^ *"B*������*ii * 1 'MS  if  #1$  IJii' /Wi-I ������  I1,',;,1 *'���������    if  m  '!���������!? I) 1-eJ  !!3l ill '    '  Mm  51 \\MiA  f!  t 't*. lit ^  j3 h w  '.V  J  41  BELLA COOLA COURIER  --I��������� ��������� --  -'^-���������"���������������������������������'-������������������"���������������������������-'���������>������������������������������������  D  mlDgCf!  ONE DOLLAR  for; one year  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coasT between Vancouver, and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles'.  f^ANADA from her abundance can help supply the Empire's needs,  v~/    and this must be a comforting thought for those upon whom the  heavy burden of directing the Empire's affairs has been laid.    Gain or  no gain the course before the farmers of Canada is as clear as it was  last year���������they must produce abundantly in order to meet the demands  that may be made and I believe this to be especially true in regard to  live stock, the world's supply of which must be particularly affected in  this vast struggle.    Stress and strain may yet be in store for us all  before this tragic conflict is over,, but not one of us doubts the issue,  and Canadians will do their duty in the highest sense of that great  word.**���������HON. MARTIN BURRELL, Minister of Agriculture.  TWTODERN war- is made by resources, by money, by foodstuffs, as  ���������***���������*��������� well as by men and by munitions. While war is our first business, it is the imperative duty of every man in Canada to produce all  that he can, to work doubly hard while our soldiers are in the trenches  in order that the resources of the country may not only be conserved but-  increased, for the great struggle that lies before us. ' Work and Save'  is a good motto for War-time."-������/# THOMAS WHITE, Minister  of balance.  THE CALL OF EMPIRE COMES AGAIN IN 1916  TO CANADIAN FARMERS, DAIRYMEN, FRUIT GROWERS, GARDENERS r.    '  WHAT IS. NEEDED ? these in particular-  // Will he to your interest to keep well informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section oj  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  WHEAT, OATS, HAY,   -  BEEF, PORK, BACON,  CHEESE, EGGS, BUTTER, POULTRY,  CANNED FRUITS, FRUIT JAMS,  SUGAR, HONEY, WOOL, FLAX FIBRE,  BEANS, PEAS, DRIED VEGETABLES  We must feed ourselves, feed our- soldiers, and help feed the Allies.    The need is greater in  Zr,,���������8 m 19U\ Ihe dpculties ��������� Qreaier, thetosk is heavier, the  -���������    , need is more urgent, the call to patriotism is louder���������therefore be  thrifty and produce to the limit. - / ������  To be  had from  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the time to keep  your name before the  public. \ No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  J^EAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by-reading the "Courier."  "THE   AGRICULTURAL   WAR   BOOK   FOR   1916" ��������� ���������    ,������  The Publications Branch, 1^^^^^^^^  THE   GOVERNMENT   OF  CANADA 2  THE  DEPARTMENT  OF  AGRICULTURE.     *��������� THE  DEPARTMENT  OF" FINANCE  . Hints to Potato Growers.  1. A loose, rich, gravelly or  sandy loam soil is desirable for  potatoes.  2: Manure should be applied to  the "crop that precedes * rather  than-to the potato crop.    *  3." A clover; alfalfa,- cow-pea  or soy-bean sod, plowed underin |  the fall, will make a good potato  seed-bed. Measure depth of furrow to see that it is eight inches  or more deep' ���������'  4. Like produces like. Hill-selected seed potatoes "should,"be  more-productive-than those from  unselected plants.  5. If potatoes are sprouted in  #&^PH  cheers and refreshes  at any hour of-the day.  [You get the most delicious tea when you  the light .before planting it will  hasten growth. Sprouts should  be one-fourth inch long.  6. Treat all seed-potatoes for  scab before planting. Here is  che most approved method of  treating them to prevent a scabby  crop; "soak the'whole seed for  two hours in a mixture of one-  half pint of formalin (often called  formaldehyde)   and   fifteen  use  !*������^3  Never Sold  InBufk,  MAM        TEA  summer and fail,to mature a full  crop.  8. Never follow potatoes with  potatoes.   Rotate crops.  9. A well-prepared seed-bed is  firm and in good tilth. .Preparation before planting'is half the  battle.  10. A crop -of 200 bushels of  potatoes.. requires 650 tons of  water���������equivalent to six inches  of rainfall. ���������' Destroy the weeds.  11. Harrow the soil before the  plants appear above groundXThis  is important, as such early har- i  rowing kills millions of sprouting  weeds and prevents much future  work. The best harrow to use  for this purpose is a spike-tooth  implement,-for with it "there is  I  *      * Xr    ^*x iivii L*    J, \J l       VV lull'    I L      I- M r* i f*     1 G.  gallons of cold water:  dry the practically no danger of harming  seed,  cut, and plant in ground the potato sprouts.  not   recently   grown  You are Judged  by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  r  ��������� i,  gUILD UP YOUR HOME  ;,; TOWN. Do not talk���������support home; industries ��������� talk is  cheap. ' The best way to show  that you are in earnest is tc  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  Plumbing  We buy from the Factory and  sell to YOU direct. Largest  Plumbing-Showroom West of  Toronto. :       Let us quote you.  KYDD BROS., LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  that   has  potatoes.  7. Do not plant late potatoes  12: Make it a business to push  the potatoes. Do not allow the  potatoes to push you.    Cultivate  too early.    Late potatoes planted j them six or* seven times during  early are checked during the dry (the season. \       :  ADVERTISE IN THE "clJRJErr  13;  I" w  ,U  $1 a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  HTHE two principal reasons  .'*   why   you   should   buy  bhamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under govern-  *    merit inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  OgiivieV  Royal Household Flour  always gives satisfaction  Better order a bag now  From  \L  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA U  Brynildsen  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Not  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  ' CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  r&  'A  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and ChUdren's  Clothing, SHirts and Underwear  E-fl  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stoclc of Men's  Women's and Children's Shoes  m all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes    ������    ������  Tents-Pack and  k������ ������������������  addles  Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. ��������� Nothing but the moft suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition. ~  Paints - Oils - Varnishes - St  *rA'&4  ams  ii i. <  an Kinds  Burns:  BACON  HAMS  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your nioney at hortie.  P. BURNS~&~CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisioned  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  ALL GOOD GROCERS.  IT'S  CANADA'S.  BEST FLOUR  tSfiil  m  Crockery and Glassware of  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt  service  Best Goods   Lowest Prices-Largest Stock]  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C.  {ti  tfc"i ?',  -������fin  /fth  U?  >1  S?E?y?5ft??!,?^'^S^S^^  i  "t Mffl "?irrr.7,w-"^������ w**i������*"ji  , UJ*

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