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Bella Coola Courier Apr 28, 1917

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Array y  ���������'^L. t <-������  '_  IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCELLENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  ^jj^^e������"������n������������^f|^������������������������iiaiflfrniin������m'fnmmimid  ���������py^'Vi- '.-���������������������"��������� - ^ I,- flu- - i. i , ,1   i        -m  ,���������    WEATHER REPORT FOR MARCH  .Compjled  by Mr. C. H. Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 43.   Minimum  25.  * Highest Max. (17th)5G.-Cowest Min. (2nd) J2  . ���������   .Rainfall, 3.36.    Snowl8in.  Rainfall, for the-year (191C) 40.89 inches.  VOL. 5���������NO. 20  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, APRIL 28, 1917.  $1.00  War News for the Week  Friday: London, April 20.���������For day or two there is a pause  only in the great struggle begun by the battle of Arras.--' It is a  breathing spell, the armies waiting for next round of fight to a  finish. Enemy brought up new battalions and massed them around  Lens and Loos. Enemy losses' in dead and wounded twice as many  as British. < Von Bisseng, butcher of Belgium and murderer of  EJith Cavell,, died on Wednesday.  ���������Saturday. Seventy-seven square milesof France been reclaimed  up to today from the invader by five days continuous, steady smashing by the French. Score of villages and towns been taken since  . Monday. German losses staggering;' two complete divisions which  made counter attack on Jubicourt, literally wiped out by French  artillery alone. Demoralization spreading among Germans. Battle  progressing favorably,' is the calm way French military chiefs regard the offensive. ��������� ��������� '  Garieral Sir Douglas Haig reports, "we gained ground in the  neighborhood of Villers-Guislain.     .  General Murray resumed march to Jerusalem and has achieved  another success, captured Turkish positions on a front of "six and  one-half miles. Complete rout of Turkish eighteenth army corps  > and another advance in Mesopotamia, north'of Bagdad, reported.  . Fatherland faced by grave internal dangers. Turkey. Bulgaria  and Austria are said on good 'authority to be seeking peace. The  Allies are stronger and growing more so every day. Th'eir sup'eri-  ' ority in numbers, morale and munitions.is marked. Neutral diplomats just arrived at Geneva from Berlin, declare that within 4  to 6 weeks Germany will be without wheat and potatoes.  Buenos Aires���������The German revolution in Brazil growing worse.  Refugees pouring into Uruguay report fighting between German  rebels and government forces in Brazil. Montevideo reports indicated a serious condition of affairs.in three Brazillian states.  Rome���������Huns said to be using the dead in making fertilizers.  Pope Benedict is horrified and expressed deep indignation.  Washington���������No separate peace will be entertained by United  States, officials absolutely determined on this question. To tighten  the blockade America's naval and air strength to be utilized. The  plan for cpnscriptory service is to be shoved ahead of all legislation pending.  Monday: London-One of the biggest battles of the war,.possibly of a decisive nature, is now in progress in Northern France.  Friday afternoon strong artillery fighting began along the whole  Aisne front, also in Champagne. All' way from' Loos, north of  Lens, down to Arras-Cambrai railway, line, big guns began their  intensity of fire since Friday. French and British ready to make  combined attack each end of line simultaneously in effort to roll  it up. British headquarters reports move towards Cambrai, south  of Arras battlefield.   Captured* village of Gonnelieu, scoring ad-  German Subs Sink  Two Hospital Ships  vance of about one mile toward Brimont plateau, one of chief obstacles in their advance. During two weeks of the Anglo-French  offensive, Germans lost more than thirty-three thousand prisoners  alone, and three hundred and thirty guns larger than machine  guns. Two German destroyers sunk, another possibly destroyed,  when enemy vessels attempt raid on Dover. It is believed German destroyers hoped to find the vessel in which Lloyd-George was  crossing the channel. Committee to buy all food required by  Allied nations, bidding against each other will be averted and artificial prices will cease, a plan whichTwill 'stem the rising tide in  the cost of living. Proposal of American board has hearty support  of British food controller. First and most important duty of American people to their Allies is to economize in food stuffs. This  is theappeal of Herbert C. Hoover, recently appointed head of the  American food board. He also says that unless the food situation  is solved collapse of allied cause may result. Baron Devonport,  food controller, issued an order for taking over all flour mills in  the United Kingdom. Requirements from Canada and the United  States will be confined to a few indispensable food stuffs.  Washington���������Hon.; A. J. Balfour and colleagues arrived safely.  Welcomed with simple cordiality, special train waited five days.  Believed United States will astound Germany. Every mile of track  was patrolled, bridges and tunnels being doubly guarded. Conferences, have begun. Object of Commission Mr; Balfour said w"as  to make co-operation easy and effective between those who are  striving with all their power to bring about lasting peace by only  means that can secure it, namely, a successful war.  Tuesday: Amsterdam--German destroyers which were sunk in  b'atthToff Dover, sailed from Zeebrugge and were of the newest  type. Squadron of eight vessels left Zeebrugge. Friday night,  greatest activity apparent about the Belgian base. Berlin admits  twoof her destroyers iyeresunk off Dover. ,  Copenhagen-Sweden: close to revolution, hunger demonstrators  swarm before RiksdagIciambring for government change. Government forced to meet popular wishes. Secret deliberations  to cease, democracy gains'first foothold.  Wednesday:. Christiana-Norwegian steamers Peive and Skjold  torpedoed and sunk, the crews were saved.  Buenos Aires-Amicable adjustment of diplomatic quarrel between Argentina and England results in Argentina agreeing to  send England and her Allies one hundred and eighty thousand  tons of wheat and twenty thousand tons of flour.  London, April 24.- Germany  has just gone through the most  disastrous week of her history  in this war. Fighting now in  progress of tremendous vital importance. Since^ Monday week,  when the great French offensive  began, General Nivelle's forces  a  have captured  more than one  hundred guns.twenty thousand  prisoners, occupied twenty large  villages, not including hamlets.  Retaken  fifty square   miles of  French  territory  and  inflicted  losses  in . killed, wounded and  missing Germans is conservatively  estimated  at   one   hundred  thousand.    Two battles raging  today.    One along Chemindes-  Dames,  dominating   Laon   and  plateau, the other around Moron-  villers heights, dominating nor-  thern Champagne plains.   Fight-  ing which is in progress today,  supercedes the importance of any  actions on the western front;  any moment newer and more important situations may be created  British forces to north of Bagdad   achieved   another  victory  over the Turks.  India to be represented at the  next Imperial war conference  table.    >  '    ������  British hospital ships Donegal  and LaFrance, with many wounded aboard, were torpedoed without warning on April 17. Wouni-  ed Huns and prisoners on board  went down with the ships. Prussians made a mad dash for the  boats. British upheld traditions.  Nineteen British and fifteen Germans believed to have perished.  Italians Commence    "Big Push"  Rome, April 25.���������Battle now-  raging in Carso is becoming increasingly violent.   Despatches  from the front indicated terrific  fire of Italian artillery and en  larged on the splendid morale of  the Italian troops. General Count  Cadorna is quoted'as expressing  the utmost confidence.   Prior to  British drive  in   early March,  Swiss reports declared that Von  Hindenburg was massing a great  body, of troops on  the Italian  front; presumably, preparing a  German drive, but it is now be-  lieved. that most0of these men  t  hay'e been transferred, back to  the western front.  French Hold Positions  . Paris, April 25���������Gen. Nivelle's  troops are holding the positions  wrested- from the enemy in last  week's .great offensive despite  all. German counter attacks.  Lens Can Be Occupied  ;"Af Any Time  German Cruisers on the  Petrograd, April 24.���������German  battleship and cruiser squadron  left Libau presumably to attempt  attack behind Russian lines from  the Baltic, reported also that another German warship squadron  is enroute to Russian Baltic  positions from Kiel. A number  of transports laden with troops  accompany the warships from  Libau.  Bag 20 Subs in One Day  Washington, April 24.���������What  Allies want from the United  States more than anything else  is food. This vital fact emerged  above all others from , the trappings of diplomatic courtesy.  After reception here today of  British war commission, various  experts plunged at once into the  consideration of vital problems.  There.fis no, immediate concern  regarding the sending of troops  to Europe. A member of British  war commission said that twenty  German submarines and th'eir  crews were captured-on April  luih, the day before the party  sailed, the member also stated  that Britain is getting a lot more  submarines than ,the people in  America know of.  London, April 25���������Gen. Haig's  forces gained more ground and  resumed the offensive again today.1 We made further progress  east of Mouch le Reux and Roeux.  South of Bapaume-Cambrai road  we gained ground���������on wide front.  East of Epehy we reached St.  Quentin canal in the neighborhood -Vendhuile. We also cap-  tured<the villages, Villers Pluich  and Beaucamp. Greatest gain  achieved today was the thrust  against the Cambrai-St. Quentin  line. Enemy offering desperate  resistance along whole front,  but British continue to register  steady gains, Germans no longer  attempt tod-efend elaborate underground systems. Lens now  more than half enveloped by the  British-advance, the coal city can  be occupied at any time.  British occupy Sarnarra and  take'heavy toll of Turks. Our  troops are now sixty miles northwest of Bagdad.  Another German destroyer believed to have been sunk in a  fight with British aeroplanes off  Zeebrugge.  . Mr, P. K. Peterson has receiv-  a wire informing him that his  son, Odin, serving with the forces in France, has,been admitted  to the 32nd stationary hospital  at Wimreux. On April 10th,  Private Peterson received a gunshot wound in the head, no further news of his condition has  been received. The young soldier  was evidently in the engagement  at Vimy ridge, in which the Canadian troops played a glorious  part. L '_  Mr. John Christie, .a resident  of Ocean Falls, has been appointed a Justice of the Peace.  Every day or so we' hear of  meetings of the local fishermen  where discussions Lake place as  to what the price of fish will be  in the coming season. Last week  a meeting was held with Mr. J.  B. Saint of the local cannery, and  this week the fishermen's committee were in consultation with  manager F. Rudge of the Draney  Fisheries, Ltd.,, Namu, who is  also in the market for salmon.  Foundation work at the local  cannery is alb in, and the tug  Kwatna has taken the pile driver  back to Rivers Inlet.  ago. With the careful attention  she has always received at the  hands of her officers she looks  little the worse for her age. Her  average log per season is somewhere in the neighborhood of  4000 miles, and her duties every  fisherman knows; some to the  detriment of their bank roll.  Using Glass Bullets  Petrograd, April'25���������Germans  in the northern part of the Russian front have been firing glass  bullets from their rifles at the  Russian lines. Exceptionally  bad weather both in Carpathians  arid Roumanian.fronts reported.  - The S.S. Prince Rupert, which  went on Genn Island on March  23rd, was floated off the rocks  on Friday last. The big ship was  taken to Prinde Rupert, where  she drydocked for temporary  repairs. Yarrows Limited at  Esquimalt has obtained the contract for repairing the vessel.  'Mr. F. Rudge, manager of the  Namu cannery, came up last  week, and with him was' Geo. S.  McTav'ish and B. F. Jacobsen,  who has been attending to some  business in the cities to the south  and who was returning home.  Mr. Rudge met the fishermen  here and talked over some fishery  matters with them before returning.      A material reduction in bounties on undesireable animals is  announced. The bounty on coyote is reduced from $3 to $2. The  wolf is faring worse. The old  prize for killing this animal was  formerly $15, now it is reduced  to $10. These reductions are  now in force.  , Red Cross Auxiliary.  The Annua!   Meeting of the  Bella Coola Red Cross Auxiliary <  will, be held  in  the  Mackenzie  schoolroom on  ������   , i'  Saturday, May 5th, at 7:30 p. m.  Business:  Report, of   year's  work and election of officers.  It is hoped that everyone_wiII  try to attend this meeting, as the  necessity for Red Cross work'in  the ensuing year will be greater  oven than before.  t    (Mxnzth Jtatre  Sunday School  Church Service  -    10:45 a.m.  -   7:30 p.m.  l'rcachcr- for Sunday���������Rev.  W. II. Gibson.  All Are Welcome.  5  i  O *_v-<43 ������i������ ������L>"<31> ������^-<J4L> r������j ������^, ^> ������  WdntstoMake UpWithJJ.S.  Amsterdam, April 25.���������Germany making more efforts to adjust matters with the United  States. Efforts for a separate  peace with Russia have subsided.  Count von Reventlow said the  government,seems to be again  setting,its hopes on America.  The Dominion Fisheries patrol  launch. Merlin is how undergoing  an extensive overhauling, being  renovated and painted preparatory to her being placed once  again , in commission .at Rivers  Inlet. :';���������..  The Merlin is well known on  the coast, "haying been built for  the above service some ten years  WATER NOTICE.  (Diversion and Use.)  Take Notice that Frederick  Adolphus Futcher/whose address is Vancouver, British Co-  lumbia,���������will apply i'or a license  to take-and use One hundred  (100) miners inches, of water,  seventy-five (75) inches for.power, and, twenty-five (25) inches  for1 domestic purposes, out of  Nummamis River, which flows  in a southerly direction, and  drains into North Bentinck Arm,  about three miles from the head  of the said North Bentinck Arm,  the water will be diverted from  the stream at a point about half  a mile from its mouth, and will  be used for power and domestic  purposes upon the land described  asLntSixteen (1G), Range Three  (3), Coast District, and for the  purpose of operating a cannery,  which it is proposed to erect on  the said lands. This notice was'  posted on the grounds on the  17th day of March, 1917.  A copy of this notice and an  application pursuant thereto under the "Water Act, 1914." will  be filed in the office of the Water  Recorder, at Vancouver, British  Columbia, Objections, to the application may be filed with the  said Water Recorder or,with the  Comptroller of -Water Rights,  Parliament Buildings, Victoria,  within thirty days after the first  appearance of this .Notice in a  local, newspaper. The date of  the first application of this notice  is the 28th day of April, 1917. '  Frederick Adolphus Futcher,  Applicant,   j  By Tupper& Bull (Solicitors),  His Agents.   }  Ap. 28--May 19. V  ON'T forget to bring in your Subscription  to the Courier���������The more support you  give us, the better paper we will give you. BELLA COOLA COURIER   ^n���������~~  Saturday, April 28,  19,7  The Courier  lours, is the great school where  ���������*���������"���������- ! democracy is taught the limit of  Published Wim;kky at Bulla Coola by ! its rights and the extent of its  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd. i ,  ,. T     ,, ,. .  1 duties.    In the prosecution of    \ the   present  world's war true  Liberalism found its true scope  ������������������������  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada.  Canada  $1.00 j Two principles are in conflict  1 Year  075'~       ��������� --  ���������'-5-    "M*<rhfr   vp'nre  6^������nti,i : o'.so  3 Month*   United States  lYear  $15������  1   Year.  United Kingdom  .$1.00  Subicriptioni payable in advance.  Subscribers not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon as possible.  For  Advertising  Ratks,  Apply  at  Office.  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published,'the  name and address of every writer of such letters  must be uiven to the editor.  The Editor reserves the rittht to refuse publication of any. letter. All manuscript at-writer's  risk.  v&alua papult suurniui rst lex."  Saturday; april 28,1917.  Nearing the Goal.  The last week's fighting on the  western front brings home to us  more forcibly the reality of this  horrible war. Perhaps more  western men are now actively  engaged than at any time since  the commencement of hostilities.  Though the losses are heavy on  all sides, great gains are being  made and the goal strived for is  considerably nearer.      , ,  In the British determination  to carry the fight to a successful  finish there is something more  than the natural demand for vengeance.    The   inhumanity,  the  pitilessness of the fighting that  must come before a lasting peace  is possible is not comparable with  the cruelty that would be involved in stopping the war while  there remains a possibility of  civilization again being menaced  from the same quarter.   Peace  now, or at time before the final  and complete elimination of this  menace, is unthinkable.   No man  and no nation with the slightest  understanding of the temper of  the citizen army of Britain, which  took its terrible hammering without a whine or grumble, will attempt to call a halt now.   Not  until German militarism is fully  conquered can there be any halting: and  the  goal reached  for  which the Empire has pledged  itself.  0000c  Roads Wanted.  A short time ago a large delegation waited on the government  at Victoria, impressing on that  body the early construction of  '  the provincial highway often referred to as the 'southern route.'  We often   wonder   what the  people of the north are doing for  j;.--. a wagon road in from the coast  .to open up what may be termed  another province.    At the present time there is a great cry for  production and more production,  ��������� yet'.we find that: there are millions of acres of the best land  lying idle for want of roads and  trails to.get to.   We have waited  for years and .we now wonder  how,many more we shall have to  wait before a start is made.   .  On the one side, might, represented by German Militarism and  on the other side, right, which  governs the relation between  nations whether they be powerful or weak. Between these two  principles no neutrality is possible because the future of  humanity is at stake.  On the 4th of August, 1914,  the military caste of Berlin threw  down the gauntlet.   From that  moment the liberty loving nations  united in order to save civilization, and we, as Canadians, decided to throw in our lot with the  Allies.   The sacrifices are heavy.  What are they compared to the  nightmareof German militarism?  England and France once antagonists forgot- their life-long  feuds to unite against the oppressor.    It rightly  appertained to  those two great Liberal democracies as the vanguard' of modern  civilization to unite their wealth,  their genius, and their determination ,to   stamp   out   medieval  autocracy.   If both French and  British  soldiers,   after  secular  struggles, have become comrades  in the trenches in Flanders and  at Salonika, it is because they  have realized the immense peril  which threatens civilization. We  also in Canada   have  had  our  quarrels.   Such is the history of  all races united by treaties and  not by the bond of blood.   But  here, in Canada, the rights of  the minoi'ity as well as those of  the majority are  safe-guarded  by a constitution.   They can be  defended before the Courts of  the land, and there is that other  weapon which  is the pride of  every free citizen, the franchise.  ���������Hon. Mr. Limeux, speech at  Montreal.  POWDER  | CONTAINS NO ALUM  MADE IN CANADA.  ced proportionately.    If the ad  vance, is   maintained   for   any  length of time the next article  to feel the influence of rising  costs will undoubtedly be glass  jars and bottles, and it is not  outside the range of possibilities  that sharp advances will occur  in all bottled preserves.   Canned  goods have already felt the' rise  in the price of tin, and some  authorities are of   the opinion  that these advances will be con   .=. tinued.   If it becomes cheaper  interests should be brought at to pack fruits and vegetables in  once under the agricultural de-'.^ss������ doubtless glass will be  parlment, and with the assist- 'adopted, and in the event of such  ance of the government there is development, glass will advance  ' to a certain extent.  We may well begin to ask what  will be the next thing to advance,  or rather, is there anything else  that,can be advanced so that a  few more millionaires can be  made all through this unfortunate 'war.  Mackay Smith, Biair & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST'   BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  "MADE   IN    B;C.*  Send for Catalogue Prompt Attention Given Letter .Order.  no doubt that fox raising will be  as great an industry in this pro7  vince as in Eastern Canada.  o    o  Liberalism.  Moderation is, the best instru-  Fur Farming.  The experiment in the fox-  raising business in the provinces  of New Brunswick and Prince  Ed ward Island has proven a great  success and hundreds of thousands of dollars has been brought  into those provinces through fox  farming.  An experimental fur farm has  been established in northern.New  York by the United States Agricultural  Department.     At this  farm many kinds of fur animals  will be tested, both native and  foreign, as to their adaptability  to domestication.    Improved  strains will be developed by selective breeding.    The farm is the  outgrowth of experiments conducted with minks and martens  the last year at Linden, Md., and  the National Zoological Park at  Washington.       ..  But in British Columbia the  industry of fur raising has been  hampered in every way possible;  though; it may be looked upon  that this province is the home  ���������for.fur bearing animals.  Animals and agriculture are,:  as a rule, somewhat closely allied;  but for some inexplicable reason  fox raising comes under the law  Hungry Wolves?  The Week, a weekly publication of Victoria treats us to this  and it is of such a nature that  we give it space:  "When the present Liberal  Premier first announced his proposal to abolish all forms of patronage, certain wise persons said,  'Let him wait until the-pack of  hungry wolves gets on to his  trail.' It almost looks as if that  pack, led by one particularly  hungry old wolf, was already  making itself felt.''  We can assure the Week that  as far as Bella Coola is concerned  there are no truly Liberals that  are so hungry for government  as the Conservatives, who have  been fed out of the government  trough for the past twelve years,  and as far as we can learn are  still at it, only in a more aggra-i  vated form.    Of course w,e can'  see that if the Brewster government ceases feeding, them there  will be a howl.  o'.  o .  o     o     o  Some writers are telling us  that Germany is stronger than!  ever. If a nation can become;  stronger from having half its  efficient fighting men placed hors  de combat, by being half-starved, by losing all its trade, then  we dread   to   contemplate  the  A short time ago there was  landed from a C. P. R. liner in  Vancouver 3100 cases of Chinese  eggs. It was stated at the time  that the shipment was for Puget  Sound cities. This must show  that there is yet a chance for  anyone that wants to go into the  chicken" raising and egg production business in British Columbia.  PACIFIC MILK  Is clean, sweet, pure  and most economical.  'YOU'LL LIKE PACIFIC"  FOOD PRODUCTS  CO., LTD., Manufacturers  Office: 322 DRAKE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  The Finest  Wheat in  the World  ���������plus milling skill���������plus milling experience���������plus modern mill plant  ���������plus many other important factors and you have the answer���������  Xrqyai STANDARD I  roARDiV  S. M. NEWTON  lour  ���������without -a peer in the whole world.  ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR is born in Canadian  <-  Wheat Fields���������the best wheat producing lands  on earth.  The net result when ROYAL STANDARD is used-  Bread, Biscuits, Buns, etc., bigger m volume-  finer in texture-greater in food value���������cleaner  and whiter in body.  The trademark, the Circle-V on the sack assures you.'  SOLD BY ALL STOREKEEPERS  O  ==[d  we  areau   i,u   win,u���������iJ,t..v   ���������      The   ���������T'rincc    Rupert    Empire  strength she will have when she1 man, who is a candidate for the  House of Commons For this Riding.  While others stand for what  will benefit their party, he stands  for what will benefit these districts.  has been beaten to her knees.  o     O ��������� ! o ''������������������������������������������. o  What Next?  The price of tin has gone up.  Tin cans of all size's have advan-  ment to carry on democratic in- \ department in this province and  SStiS.r and Liberalism is'with M,.Bowser at the head the  n^oVtolerance and justice.; breeding of _ foxes has been . a  It concLes by prudent reforms failure in Bnt.sCo^mb^^  the institutions of the past with'    What, is wanted he re is that  ' the requirements of the future,    thisimportantindustry should be  British  Liberalism, which .is.given every encouragement, its  Compare���������price for price���������  GREAT   WEST  TEA  with the tea you are now using.  It's Better.  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B. C.  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT: AND PASSENGER SERVICE  BETWEEN  ID  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  S. S. "CamOSim"   Leaves  Vancouver every  Tuesday at 11 p. m.      fVictoria day previous.)  Leaves Bella Coola Fridays a. m.  " S S. "COQUrrLAM" sails from Vancouver fortnightly, carrying Gasoline and Explosives, will call  at Bella.Coola by arrangement.       (w ii  For rates of Freights, Fares and other information apply to  Heat?OfS, cSl-'St.V.Vancouvbu;. or Geo. McGregor,  agent, 1003 Government St., Victoria.  'An. uncbnventialpotrait of Premier Lloyd-^rge-d 1^ wife.  Taken during the premier's attendance at a Welsh festal.  Madame Lloyd-George is partly eclipsed by the stout  'Welshman with his back to the camera.  Advertise your Waets in the Courier  rmimemxasmmssaimmtmsmsiSKSIIl^l^B Saturday, April 28,  1917_  BELLAS COOLA COURIER  3f  Unknown Riches.  The grain statisticians of Canada  greatly underestimated the last  year's Canadia crop.   So it happens that there is now available  for export 149,000,000 bushels of  grain, which is 50,000,000 bushels more than was supposed.   It  is most likely that the mistake  was made  by underestimating  the quantity left over from the  immense crop of 1916.   Much of  this grain seems to have been  held by the farmers.   The late  high prices have perhaps brought  to light a good deal of grain that  would have still remained concealed if the price had been low.  If this 'extra 50,000,000 bushels  were all wheat it would supply  Brituin with food for two months.  safe place.  Bees, while noted as workers,  sometimes have lazy spells when  they indulge in theiving. There  are instances where whole colonies have attacked a hive, assaulted the sentinels and inmates and  sacked the estabishment. Bees'  that do this repeatedly usually  end by becoming habitual criminals.  s_  18  %OSES.  BY S. LE C. GRANT.  L-s:  K  Animal Thieves.  Stealing is by no means rare  ampng the furred and feathered  creation, and many animals apparently, band together for no  other reason than criminal purposes.  Baboons always steal in bands.  When they wish to rob an orchard, they do it in a very systematic manner. A sentinel is  posted to warn of danger. The  other baboons then line up like  a bucket brigade, one of two of  *the members scale the trees, and  the fruit is passed along from  one to the other until the last  one g������t3 it, when he puts it in a'  BIRD OF SWEETEST SONG.  It is said the larks of Scotland  are the sweetest singing birds of  earth. No piece of mechanism  that man has ever made has the  soft, sweet, glorious music in it  that the lark's throat has. When  the farmers of Scotland walk out  early in the morning they (lush  the larks from the grass, and as  they rise they sing, and as they  sing they circle higher and higher they go, circling asthey'sing,  until at last the notes of their  voices die out in the sweetest  strains that earth ever listened  to.  FARM LANDS  Oregon & California Railroad Co.  Grant Lands.���������Title to same reves-  . ted in United States by Act of Congress dated June 9, 1916. Two million three hundred thousand acres to be  opened for homesteads and sale. Timber and agricultural lands. Containing some of the best land left in the  United States.   Now is the opportune  . time.    Large map showing lands by  sections and description of soil,..climate, rainfall, elevations, etc.    Postpaid One Dollar.  Grant Lands Locating Co.,  Box 610,  Portland, Oregon.   ,  r  Wear the "Dayfoot"  Solid Leather  Sh  oe  MADE FOR B. C. WEATHER  Crowns today lie very uncertainly on the heads of kings and  queens who possess them. We  have just seen that of the Romanoff's pass away, and the crowns  of the Hohenzollerns and the  Hapsburgs are certainly trembl-  u  ing in the balance.    Is it not  comforting amidst this world's  upheaval to think there is one  crown of human creation which  has outlived the centuries? And  while the world lasts will have  the unanimous support of its inhabitants.   I speak of the crown  which makes the rose the queen  of flowers.   So closely has this  beautiful flower linked itself with  the affairs of men that there is  scarcely a  human   function in  which it does not take a part.  Births, deaths, marriages, funerals, banquets in palace or humble  home, it shares in them all.   It  has taken its part in this world's  wars and come through unscathed, its sovereignty being undisputed, color alone being the distinguishing mark of either faction'.   It welcomes the coming,  speeds the departing guest, and  has so sweetly performed its ser-  vices as Love's messenger that  ,to it has often been entrusted  the mystic interpretation of one  human   heart to' another,   the  bearer of the first mute appeal  which binds them together for  life. '  So much has been written on  its culture it is needless to add  more, but as an amateur of many  years standing in rose growing  let me assure those who want to  grow them successfully in this  valley the greatest necessity lies  in the choosing, proving that the  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  fOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  ^* Manitoba, Saskatchewan and alberta,  the Yukon Teiuutoby. the North-west Terri-  i tokies and in a portion of the Province of  British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre.- "Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Aecnt or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territury the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for arc not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  tho Agent with sworn returns acco������ntinif for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal minim? rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever uvailablc surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working: of the mine  at tho rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to uny Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W.COKY,  ( Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unuuthoriicd publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������300'JO.  BUSINESS CARDS  mm  HOE  Fur Sales Agency  ...600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always. ,    "  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our- commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  fol l< ioi >| lol  WATER NOTICE  Take Notice that George' S.  1 MeTavish," whose addiess is  733  G. B. DAYFOOT and Co'y   .  Georgetown, Ont.        -   and  303 Mercantile Building  Vancouver, B. G.  Lampson Street,  Victoria,  B. C., will apply for a-license to  take and use 600 cubic feet per  day of water out of an'unnamed,  varieties grown are suitable to I creek, which flows into Victoria  The joys of  gardinl  the  ALF the satisfaction in  gardening is in having  the proper tools.  And good ones at that.  We carry an excellent line of  spades, hoes, shovels, rakes,  pruning knives���������in fact everything necessary to keep the  garden in first class condition.  the locality, and giving them  cosy winter quarters in which to  sleep. r>  Yes! I have favorites, here  they are: "Gloire de Dijon" a  climber especially adapted to the  Northern Pacific Coast, a profuse  and, what is. more, a perpetual  bloomer, giving a constant supply of rich, sweet, creamy buds  (Continued on page 4, column 3.)  Watch Repairs  Send your watch to us for guaranteed repairs at lowest prices.  A price1 given before proceeding with work. If not satisfactory, watch will be returned free  of expense.  O. B. ALLAN  Diamond Merchant���������Optician  Granville and Pender,Vancouver,B.C.  Coveand drains into Rivers Inlet,  B^.C, about three milesMn a  westerly direction from Wannuck  River. -The water will be diverted from the stream at a point  about 1800 feet from the northwest corner post of Lot 1061 and  will be used for domestic and  cannery purposes upon the land  described as Lot 1061, Range 2,  Coast District. This notice was  posted on the ground on the 6th  day of April 1917.  A copy of this notice and an  application pursuant thereto and  to the "Water Act, 1914," will  be filed in the office of the" Water  Recorder at Vancouver. Objections to the application may be  filed-'with the said Water Recorder or with the Comptroller  of Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings, Victoria, within 30  days after the first appearance  of this notice in a local newspaper. The date of the first  publication of this notice is April  21st 1917.  G. S. McTAVISH, Applicant.  April 21������May 12.  o>  REMINGTON  We carry the famous Remington  UMG Speed Shells^tiArrotf'aiid"N\tro  Club"��������� used by leading Sportsmen  everywhere. We also carry all Remington UMG Arms arid Ammunition.  B. Brynildsen & Co.  Comfort and luxury assured at a  minimum cost. Many Prince Rupert testimonials prove its worth  Have You Got $20?  If not your credit is good  Harry Hanson  Special Water Heater  (Patented in Canada)  Installed in your kitchen range  will give you all the hot water  you can use within thirty minutes  after fire is started. 121 now in  U3C in Prince Rupert and every  user a booster. You don't know  hot water comforts till you have  seen these.results. $20.00 is the  Cost.'. Absolutely no charge' unless satisfactory.  A bath supply within twenty minutes  after fire, is started and then a new sup' .  p/ji cilery twenty minutes thereafter.  Wall radiators can also be run from ,  your hot Water boiler and other rooms  heated with no extra cost for fuel.  The Result Will Surprise You  ' (.' Investigate!  Harry HansonThP3iuRmb2?,������  P. 0. Box 395  139 2nd Ave., Prince Rupert, B.C.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTBICT   OF  COAST���������BANQE  III.  Take notice that I, Frank Inrig, of  Wadhams, B. C, occupation cannery-  '    for  to   purchase  the 'fblFowing   described  man,  intend to apply for   permission  "olloi  land":  Commencing at a post planted at the  southwest corner of Lot 1041 on Goose  Bay, Rivers Inlet, thence east20 chains,  thence south 20 chains, thence west 20  chains to the shore, thence following  the shore line to the place of commencement. I  FRANK INRIG.    !  Dated, March 28, 1917.     Ap. 7-J'ne 2  i^^L^: ;.;-.*  1 helvlason (T riischiiano  of to-day will make plain our  privilege to state with authority:  (,'NQ FINER  PIANO MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  .- .wis  ^J| Let us attend your Victor Record  Jl mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.       Write for Catalogue  Mason & RischLtd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVERrB: C.  ^  ] czn mj ��������� [  ^L/HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \I7HAT person so independent?  \SfHAT' ambition more noble than to  be a producer of the necessaries  of life?  Bella Coola  farmers are independent,  they are strangers to hard times.  &  View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  CZD  HTHE REASONS for this enviable condi-  *   tion of affairs  are  obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away  over.twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  *"* country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  : czj rnj c~> i  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in 'Advance.  CANADA.  One Year..................;  Six Months   Three Months .......���������;......  UNITED STATES.  One Year.....,;   United. Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year ........$1.00  ...$1.00  .... 0.75  .... 0.50  $1.50.  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO.,. LTD.  BELLA COOLA, B. C  Enclosed please find/... ..'.���������".'..... .subscription;  , for Bella Coola Courier-^or......................  Name.  P.O.......   ' ii  Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed ,vi  BELLS COOLA  COURIER  Saturday, April 28,   1917  HOE  D  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coasl; between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles.  // Will be to your interest to keeP weM ip~  formed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the.time to keep  your name before the  public. No manufacturer or wholesalehouse can  afford to let slip the opportunity of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the ''Courier."  Which?  By what means*can we change  from an economy of peace and  industrial selfishness to an economy'of effort and national sacrifice 7  There are two ways in which  this can be; one that is heroic  and impossible, another that lies  easy to our hand.  The first is the method that  nations adopt only in their despair, o'nly in the last agonies of  foreign conquest, as when-Richmond fell, or when the Boers  fought on in grim desperation  across the naked veldt. Here  national production ends, save  only for,necessary food and war  supplies. Private industry is  gone. Luxury is de'ad. All of  the, nation's men are gathered  into a single band. They do as  they are told. They fight, they  work, they die. Its women are  in the fields; or they are making  bandages; they tend the tick;  they pray beside the dying.  Thus can a nation stand, grim  and terrible, its, back against the  wall, till it goes down, all in one  heap, glorious. In the wild onslaughts of tho great conquests  of the past, nations" have died  like this.  But for us, here and now, and  in the short time that we have,  this is not possible.    Outside invasion could force us to it, in a  jumbled wreck, with no choice  of our own.    But to accomplish  this at a word of command inside pur present complex industrial system- is not possible.   It  is too intricate, too complicated  to be done by command.   To enlist every man and woman in an  industrial army, to direct their  work and assign  their rations,  in other words to create an ideal  national war machine, is a task  beyond the power of a government.      Years  of   preparation  would be needed.--National Organization for War.  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOLA IN 1895.   '  rymldsen  LEADING   DEALERS   IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods and Not ions  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  We at home are doing nothing,  or next to it, for the war. While'  we go abou t our business as usual,  men arebreathingbut their lives  for us, somewhere in France.  1 ,   , o     o     o     o     o l  Are our soldiers fightihgunder  a misunderstanding? Are the  homes they are saving worth the  sacrifice?  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printing.   We will do it right.  To do this we must exchange war  prosperity for war adversity.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  U TOWN. Do not talk-support homo industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.,,,  iti������iy*t,Mir*mtffl w;ir >u ~*\  "THE two principal reasons  why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are;  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  R OSES���������Continued.  from May till November, or hard  frost. "General Jacqueminot,",  a favorite as old as the hills and  all the better, for that', sweet,  bright and cheery in its velvety  crimson livery. I will count anyone my friend who can show me  a rose, that can surpass, it in  beauty and all round good qualities. " "    '  This winter has been a hard  one on rosebushes, but the above  have come through without a bad  spot on any of the canes.   All  high-class roses   must   be laid  down for the winter, bend the  canes over and place a sod on  each tip, then throw earth in,  under and around the plant to prevent the branches breaking, and  last of all, cover every portion of  the plant with sod.or earth, covering even six or. eight inches  above all canes.   Do not uncover  until April 1st on an  average,  and nine times out of ten you will  find them in the same condition  as you laid them by in November.  "Kaiserin Augusta Victoria"  is another pet, though a name  not much  in favor today,   but  think nothing of that. Germany's  contribution in magnificent roses  is a delightful contrast to her  recent hideous examples of Kul-  tur, and Kaiserin Augustua Victoria is a pure, graceful white,  once seen you will always cherish.  The" writer is looking forward  with fond  anticipation  for the  first choice buds to open so that  he may have the   pleasure  of  hahgingthem around the picture-  frame of one whose body rests  in Flanders, but the memory of  whose bright, happy life is ever  with us.   Is this just fancy! an  imaginery   custom   linking  the  present with the past?   I think  not,  and while  I rejoice, that  therej$is -no necessity to seek an  ambassadress   from   the  floral  world to lay;our most   sacred  thoughts   before  the  court  of  heaven,  I  believe instinctively  that He who asked us to consider  the lillies, also wishes us to consider the rose.   So thus it is that  we find this friendly flower in  our moments of greatest anguish  and ideepest thoughts pleading  with us, almost beseeching us to  trust implicity He who gave the  rose its bloom and fragrance.  Dear Rose we understand your  language though unspoken.   The  richest, warmest, sunniest border is yours: We want you always  sweet queen of flowers close to  our homes and very near our  hearts.  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes ���������  S'   S  Tents-Paekasid Riding Saddles  e  &  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  0  HOE  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and Provisioned    .  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  CLUB OFFER  "%  We have pleasure in announcing that we have made arrangements with two of the leading weekly publications  so that our subscribers may have the best of reading at  substantially reduced rates.'     ^ ',-' . ������������������'���������''  The Courier   .       ;      .       . ,'��������� . . $L00  Farmers Advocate & Home Journal, Winnipeg  1.50  ������������������"���������������������������':  . , '��������� :: '.'������������������������������������'$2.50.  Both papers  for .   .   $2.00  The Courier i..  Canadian Countryman, Toronto  $1.00 ry    .  w both papers  -������~ for..  .   $2.00  $2.50  Settlers, Prospetfors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the mosT: suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  The Courier   .       v      '. "'   ���������;..-" - .��������� $X.00 ' "���������' ���������''  Family Herald & Weekly Star, Montreal.'. . 1.00   f       paplr, ���������-       tor  .   .   Jpl.yo  $2.00  V  The four papers may be had for $4.50.  ints -  Oils - Varnishes  - Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.    Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  J  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices���������Largest Stock  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  VREIXA C00LA. B.C TO  V������3  v.������|  ft  ���������*"Va  m  >i  A  &%  \jn  fm  n  \Jt  *tf  ' 5  -v  .431  .va  r.  ta  IF YOU WANT GOOD SPORT  VISIT BELLA COOLA. EXCELLENT HUNTING AND FISHING.  cou  WEATHER REPORT FOR MARCH  .  Compiled ,by  Mr. C. H.  Urseth, of the  Bella Coola Observatory.  Temperature: Maximum, 43.    Minimum   25.  'Highest Max. (17th-)56. Cowest Min. (2nd) 12  Rainfall, 1.36.    Snow 18 in.  Rainfall^for the year (1916)  40.89 inches.  VOL. 5���������NO."(20  BELLA COOLA, B. C, SATURDAY, APRIL 28,  1917.  $1.00 a Year  War News for the Week  Friday: London, April 20.���������For day or two there is a pause  only in the great struggle begun by the battle of Arras.-" It is a  breathing spell, the armies waiting for next round of fight to a  finish. Enemy brought up new battalions and massed them around  Lens and Loos. Enemy losses in dead and wounded twice as many  as British. Von Bisseng, butcher of Belgium and murderer of  EJith Cavell, died on Wednesday.  "Saturday. Seventy-seven square miles Of France been reclaimed  up to today from the invader by five days continuous, steadysmash-  ing by the French. Score of villages and towns been taken since  Monday. German losses staggering; two complete divisions which  made counter attack on Jubicourt literally wiped out by French  artillery alone. Demoralization spreading among Germans. Battle  progressing favorably, is the calm way French military chiefs regard the offensive.  General Sir Douglas Haig reports, "we gained ground in the  neighborhood of Villers-Guislain.  General Murray resumed march to Jerusalem and has achieved  another success, captured Turkish positions on a front of'"six and  one-half miles. Complete rout of Turkish eighteenth army corps  and another advance in Mesopotamia, north of Bagdad, reported.  Fatherland faced by grave internal dangers. Turkey. Bulgaria  and Austria are said on good authority to be seeking peace. The  Allies are stronger and growing more so every day. Th'eir superiority in numbers, morale and munitions is marked. Neutral diplomats just arrived at Geneva from Berlin, declare that within 4  to 6 weeks Germany will be without wheat and potatoes.  BuenOs Aires���������The German revolution in Brazil growing worse.  Refugees pouring into Uruguay report fighting between German  rebels and government forces in Brazil. Montevideo reports indicated a serious condition of affairs.in three Brazillian states.  Rome---Huns said to be using the dead in making fertilizers.  Pope Benedict is horrified and expressed deep indignation.  Washington���������No separate peace will be entertained by United  States, officials absolutely determined on this question. To tighten  the blockade America's navaland air strength to be utilized. The  plan for conscriptory service is to be shoved ahead of all legislation pending.  Monday:    London-One of the biggest battles of the war, possibly of a decisive nature, is now in progress in Northern France.  Friday afternoon strong artillery fighting began along the whole  Aisne front, also in Champagne.    All way from Loos,  north of  Lens, down to Arras-Cambrai railway line, big guns began their  intensity of fire since Friday.     French and British ready to make  combined attack each end of line simultaneously in effort to roll  it up.    British headquarters reports move towards Cambrai, south  of Arras battlefield.    Captured* village of Gonnelieu, scoring advance of about one mile toward Brimont plateau, one of chief obstacles in their advance.    During two weeks of the Anglo-French  offensive, Germans lost more than thirty-three thousand prisoners  alone, and three hundred and thirty guns  larger than  machine  guns.    Two German destroyers sunk, another possibly destroyed,  when enemy vessels attempt raid on Dover.    It is believed German destroyers hoped to find the vessel in which Lloyd-George was  crossing the channel.    Committee  to buy all food  required   by  Allied nations, bidding against each other will be averted and artificial prices will cease, a plan which will stem the rising tide in  the costof living.    Proposal of American board has hearty support  of British food controller.    First and most important duty of American people to their Allies is to economize in food stuffs.    This  is the'appeal of Herbert C. Hoover, recently appointed head of the  American food board.   He also says that unless the food situation  is solved collapse of allied cause may result.    Baron Devonport,  food controller, issued an order for taking over all flour mills in  the United Kingdom.    Requirements from Canada and the United  States will be confined to a few indispensable food stuffs.  Washington���������Hon. A. J. Balfour and colleagues arrived safely.  Welcomed with simple cordiality, special train waited five days.  Believed United States will astound Germany. Every mile of track  was patrolled, bridges and tunnels being doubly guarded. Conferences have begun. Objectof Commission Mr. Balfoursaid \fas  to make co-operation easy and effective between those who are  striving with all their power to bring about lasting peace by only  means that can secure it, namely, a successful war.  Tuesday: Amsterdam-German destroyers which were sunk in  battle off Dover, sailed from Zeebrugge and were of the newest  type. Squadron of eight vessels left Zeebrugge Friday night,  greatest activity apparent about the Belgian base. Berlin admits  two of her destroyers were sunk off Dover.  Copenhagen-Sweden close to revolution, hunger demonstrators  swarm before Riksdag clamoring for government change. Government forced to meet popular wishes. Secret deliberations  to cease, democracy gains first foothold.  Wednesday: Christiana-Norwegian steamers Peive and Skjold  torpedoed and sunk, the crews were saved.  Buenos Aires-Amicable adjustment of diplomatic quarrel between Argentina and England results in Argentina agreeing to  send England and her Allies one hundred and eighty thousand  tons of wheat and twenty thousand tons of flour.  German Subs Sink  Two Hospital Ships  London,   April 24.- Germany  has just gone through the most  disastrous week of her history  in  this war.     Fighting now in  progress of tremendous vital importance.   Since Monday week,  when the great French offensive  began, General Nivelle's forces  have  captured   more than  one  hundred guns, twenty thousand  prisoners, occupied twenty large  villages, not including hamlets.  Retaken  fifty square   miles of  French   territory   and   inflicted  losses   in   killed,   wounded and  missing Germans is conservatively  estimated   at   one   hundred  thousand.    Two  battles raging  today.     One along Chemindes-  Dames,   dominating   Laon   and  plateau, the other around Moron-  villers heights, dominating northern Champagne plains.   Fighting which is in progress today,  supercedes the importance of any  actions on  the western  front;  any moment newer and more im-  portantsituations may be created  British forces to north of Bagdad   achieved   another   victory  over the Turks.  India to be represented at the  next Imperial war conference  table.  British hospital ships Donegal  and LaFrance, with many wounded aboard, were torpedoed without warning on April 17. Wounfl-  ed Huns and prisoners on board  went down with the ships. Prussians made a mad dash for the  boats. British upheld traditions.  Nineteen British and fifteen Germans believed to have perished.  Italians Commence  "Big Push"  Rome, April 25.���������Battle now-  raging in Carso is becoming increasingly .violent. Despatches  from the front indicated terrific  fire of Italian artillery and enlarged on the splendid morale of  the Italian troops. General Count  Qadorna is quoted as expressing  the utmost confidence. Prior to  British drive in early March,  Swiss reports declared that Von  Hindenburg was massing a great  body of troops on the Italian  front, presumably preparing a  German drive, but it is now believed that most of these men  have been transferred- back to  the western front.  Jottings of Bella Coola and District  Mr. P. K. Peterson has receiv-  a wire informing him that his  son, Odin, serving with theforc-  ago. With the careful attention  she has always received at the  hands of her officers she looks  es in France, has been admitted  little the,worse for her a^e"   Her  ,    <u    oo  j    *. 4.- i       -4. J avera������e log per season is scme-  to the 32nd stationary hospita i ���������,'hQv.Q  ,-     <.u���������      ���������  ,,     ,      ,.   ~  1       ! wnere  in  the  neighborhood  of  at Wimreux.      On  April  10th, ;4000 miles, and her duties every  fisherman  knows,   some  to  the  detriment of their bank roll.  French Hold Positions  Paris, April 25���������Gen. Nivelle's  troops are holding the positions  wrested- from the enemy in last  week's great offensive despite  all German counter attacks.  Lens Can Be Occupied  rAt Any Time  German Cruisers on the  Move  Petrograd, April 24.���������German  battleship and cruiser squadron  left Libau presumably to attempt  attack behind Russian lines from  the Baltic, reported also that another German warship squadron  is enroute to Russian Baltic  positions from Kiel. A number  of transports laden with troops  accompany the warships from  Libau.  Bag 20 Subs in One Day  Washington, April 24. ���������What  Allies want from the United  States more than anything else  is food. This vital fact emerged  above all others from the trappings of diplomatic courtesy.  After reception here today of  British war commission, various  experts plunged at once into the  consideration of vital problems.  There is no immediate concern  regarding the sending of troops  to Europe. A memberof British  war commission said that twenty  German submarines and their  crews were captured-on April  10th, the day before the party  sailed, the member also stated  that Britain is getting a lot more  submarines than the people in  America know of.  London, April 25���������Gen. Haig's  forces gained more ground and  resumed the offensive again today.- We made further progress  east of Mouch le Reux and Roeux.  South of Bapaume-Cambrai road  we gained ground on wide front.  East of Epehy we reached St.  Quentin canal in the neighborhood Vendhuile. We also cap-  tured-the villages, Villers Pluich  and Beaucamp. Greatest gain  achieved today was the thrust  against the Cambrai-St. Quentin  line. Enemy offering desperate  resistance along whole front,  but British continue to register  steady gams, Germans no longer  attempt to defend elaborate underground systems. Lens now  more than half enveloped by the  British advance, the coal city can  be occupied at any time.  British occupy Samarra and  take'heavy toll of Turks. Our  troops are now sixty miles northwest of Bagdad.  Another German destroyer believed to have been sunk in a  fight with British aeroplanes off  Zeebrugge.  Private Peterson received a gunshot wound in the head, no further news of his condition has  been received. The young soldier  was evidently in the engagement  at Vimy ridge, in which the Canadian troops played a glorious  part.   Mr. John Christie, .a resident  of Ocean Falls, has been appointed a Justice of the Peace.  Every day.or so we hear of  meetings of the local fishermen  where discussions take place as  to what the price of fish will be  in the coming season. Last week  a meeting was held with Mr. J.  B. Saint of the local cannery, and  this week the fishermen's committee were in consultation with  manager F. Rudge.of the Draney  Fisheries, Ltd., Namu, who is  also in the market for salmon.  Foundation work at the local  cannery is all in, and the tug  Kwatna has taken the pile driver  back to Rivers Inlet.  - The S.S. Prince Rupert, which  went on Genn Island on March  23rd, was floated off the rocks  on Friday last. The big ship was  taken to Prinde Rupert, where  she drydocked for temporary  repairs. Yarrows Limited at  Esquimalt has obtained the contract for reoairing the vessel.  Red Cross Auxiliary.  The  Annual   Meeting of the  Bella Coola Red Cross Auxiliary  will  be held  in   the  Mackenzie  schoolroom on  Saturday, May 5th, at 7:30 p. m.  Business :   Report   of   year's  work and election of officers.  It is hoped that everyone_will  try to attend this meeting, as the  necessity for Red Cross work in  the ensuing year will be greater  even than before.  C    (Hhitrrlr Nnfire    I  Sunday School  Church Service  10:45 a.m.  7 : 30 p. m.  Preacher for Sunday���������Rev.  W. H. Gibson.  All Are Welcome.  V  3  ������������^-^jKjso^tj{a^c^><-������������_j������^tJo ������_>������������������  Using Glass Bullets  Petrograd, April 25���������Germans  in the northern part of the Russian front have been firing glass  bullets from their rifles at the  Russian lines. Exceptionally  bad weather both in Carpathians  and Roumanian fronts reported.  Wants to Make Up With U.S.  Amsterdam, April 25. ���������Germany making more efforts to adjust matters with the United  States. Efforts for a separate  peace with Russia have subsided.  Count von Reventlow said the  government seems to be again  setting its hopes on America.  Mr. F. Rudge, manager of the  Namu cannery, came up last  week, and with him was Geo. S.  McTavish and B. F. Jacobsen,  who has been attending to some  business in the cities to the south  and who was returning home.  Mr. Rudge met the fishermen  here and talked over some fishery  matters with them before returning.      A material reduction in bounties on undesireable animals is  announced. The bounty on coyote is reduced from $3 to $2. The  wolf is faring worse. The old  prize for killing this animal was  formerly $15, now it is reduced  to $10. These reductions are  now in force.  WATEK NOTICE.  The Dominion Fisheries patrol  launch Merlin is now undergoing  an extensive overhauling, being  renovated and painted preparatory to her being placed once  again in commission at Rivers  Inlet.  The Merlin is well known on  the coast, having been built for  the above service some ten years  (Diversion and Use.)  HTake Notice that Frederick  Adolphus Futcher, whose address is Vancouver, British Columbia, will apply i'or a license  to take and use One hundred  (100) miners inches of water,  seventy-five (75) inches for power, and twenty-five (25) inches  for domestic purposes, out of  Nummamis River, which flows  in a southerly direction, and  drains-into North Bentinck Arm,  about three miles from the head  of the said North Bentinck Arm,  the water will be diverted from  the stream at a point about half  a mile from its mouth, and will  be used for power and domestic  purposes upon the land described  as Lot Sixteen (1G), Range Three  (3), Coast District, and for the  purpose of operating a cannery,  which it is proposed to erect on  the said lands. This notice was  posted on the grounds on the  17th day of March, 1917.  A copy of this notice and an  application pursuant thereto under the "Water Act. 1914." will  be filed in the office of the Water  Recorder, at Vancouver, British  Columbia. Objections to the application may be filed with the  said Water Recorder or with the  Comptroller of Water Rights,  Parliament Buildings, Victoria,  within thirty days after the first  appearance of this Notice in a  local newspaper. The date of  the first application of thisnotice  is the 28th day of April, 1917.  Frederick Adolphus Futcher,  Applicant,   j  My Tupper & Mull (Solicitors),  Ilis Agents.    "���������  A p. -':<-- May 10.  r^ONT forget to bring in your Subscription  to the Courier���������The more support you  give us, the better paper we will give you.  ���������/'n\  ../������' n'  ���������6  ^J ������������!��������� plliiflpli;  [iiiiBi  ml  ii:-  w  a������  in  mv  i i  i  J1  ftwW  M ll fes'Ssf S5SS . j  if 111:  ilipi  faliltfe  i wm mmmmi ;  Hi pilliil1  ��������� si 5 ;y-s-'-'i ���������*���������  ���������   >;(f v������,  '"'.���������W  11'  '  11������  f i  ������i).  * < f . *    *  *  '���������  iu v ll  ��������� ' s  1 ������  v.  "*#Si )  u  W*wggi  BELtX COOLA COURIER  Saturday,  April 2S,  /9);  The Courier  Published WeekCy at Bella Coola by its rights and the extent of its  the Bella Coola Publishing Co. Ltd.   .   ,. x  duties.     In the prosecution of  the present world's war true  Liberalism found its true scope.  Two principles are in conflict.  On the one side, might, represented by German Militarism and  on the other side, right, which  governs the relation between  nations whether they be powerful or weak. Between these two  principles no neutrality is possible because the future of  humanity is at stake.  On the 4th of August, 1914,  the military caste of Berlin threw  down the gauntlet. From that  moment the liberty loving nations  united in order to save civilization, and we, as Canadians, decided to throw in our lot with the  Allies. The sacrifices are heavy.  What are they compared to the  nightmare of German militarism ?  England and France once antagonists forgot- their life-long  feuds to unite against the oppressor. It rightly appertained to  those two great Liberal democracies as the vanguard of modern  civilisation to unite their wealth,  their genius, and their determination to stamp ��������� out medieval  autocracy. If both Fren.ch.and  British soldiers, after secular-  struggles, have become comrades  in the trenches in Fianders and  at Salonika, it is because^ they  have realized the immense peril  which threatens civilization. We  also' in  Canada  have  had  our  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Canada  1 Year $1.00  G Months   .........,..; ......   0.75  3 Months    0.50  United States ^  1  Year $1.50  United "Kingdom  1 Year $1.00  Subscriptions payable in advance.  Subscribers "not receiving their copy  regularly please notify the management  at once. Changes in address should be  sent in as soon ras possible.  For Advertising Rates,  Apply at  Office:    l-  To Correspondents���������While unobjectionable anonymous communications will be published, the  name and address of everjf writer of such letters  must be griven to the editor.  The Editor reserves the risrht to refuse' publication of any letter. All manuscript at writer's  risk.  "^aluii pnpult Biiprems rst lex."  SATURDAY, APRIL 28, 1917.  Nearing the Goal.  The last .week's fighting on the  western front brings home to us  more forcibly the reality of this  horrible war. .Perhaps more  western men are now actively  engaged than at any time since  the commencement of hostilities.  Though the losses are heavy on  all sides, great gains are being  made and the goal strived for is  considerably nearer.  In the British determination  to carry the.fight to a successful  finish there is something more  than the natural demand for ven-  geanc.e.     The  inhumanity,  the  pitilessness of the fighting that  must come before a lasting peace  is possible is not comparable with  the cruelty "that would-be involved in stopping the war while  there remains a possibility of  civilization again being menaced  from the same quarter.    Peace  now, or at time before the final  and complete elimination of this  menace, is unthinkable.   No man  and no nation with the slightest  understanding of the temper of  thecitizen army of Britain, which  took its terrible hammering without a whine or grumble, will attempt to call .a halt now.    Not  until German militarism is fully  conquered can there be any halting: and  the goal reached  for  which the Empire has pledged  itself.  o     o    o    o    o  Roads Wanted.  A short time ago a large delegation waited on the government  at Victoria, impressing on that  body the early construction of  the provincial highway often referred to as the 'southern route.'  We often wonder what the  people of the north are doing for  a wagon road in from the coast  to open up what may be termed  another province. At the present time there is a great cry for  production and more production,  yet we find that there are millions of acres of the best land  lying idle for want of roads and  trails to get to. We have waited  for years and we now wonder  how many more we shall have to  wait before a start is made.  o     o     o     o     o  Liberalism.  Moderation is the best instru  BAKING  MAGIC  BAKING  POWDER  CONTAINS NO/\LUM  MADE IN CANADA.  ced proportionately. If the advance is maintained for any  length of time the next article  to feel the influence of rising  costs will undoubtedly be glass  jars and bottles, and it is not  outside the range of possibilities  that sharp advances will occur  in all bjottled preserves. Canned  goods have already felt the rise  in the price of tin, and some  authorities are of the opinion  that these advances will be con  tinued." If it becomes cheaper  " '       J to Dack fruits and vegetables in  interests should be  brought at      V     ^^   ^   ^   fae  once under the agricultural de-{*d      d intheeventof such  partment, and  with the assist-, ^ glass wili advance  ance of the government there is, ^^  no doubt that fox raising will be,    ^ ^ ^ begin tQ ask what  will bethenextthingtoadvance,  or rather, is there anything else  that can be advanced so that a  few more millionaires can be  made all through this unfortunate war.  Mackay Smith, Biair & Co. Ltd.  VANCOUVER,  B.C.  Wholesale  DRY GOODS AND  MEN'S  FURNISHINGS  M  OF "PRIDE OF THE WEST'   BRAND  SHIRTS,   PANTS,   OVERALLS,   MACKINAW  Send for Catalogue  "MADE    IN    B. C."-  Prompt Attention Given tetter Ord"  er������  as great an industry in this pror  vince as in Eastern Canada  Hungry Wolves?  The Week, a weekly publication of Victoria treats us to this  and it is of such a nature that  we give it space:  "When the present Liberal  Premier first announced his proposal to abolish all forms of patronage, certain wise persons said,  'Let him wait until the-pack of  hungry wolves gets on to his  trail.' It almost looks,as if that  pack, led by one particularly  hungry old wolf, was already  making itself felt."  We can assure the Week that  as far as Bella Coola is concerned  there are no truly Liberals that  are so hungry for government  as the Conservatives, wlio'have  A short time ago there was  landed from a C. P. R. liner in  Vancouver 3400 cases of Chinese  eggs. It was stated at the time  that the shipment was for Puget  (Sound cities: This must show  that there is yet a chance for  anyone that wants to go into the  chicken raising and egQ production business in British Columbia.  aiau x������       ��������� . been fed out of the government  quarrels. ' Such is the history of trough for the past twelve years,  all races united by treaties and|an(j as far as we can learn are  not by the bond of blood.    But  here, in Canada,  the rights of  the minority as well as those of  the majority are   safe-guarded  PACIFIC  MILK  Is clean, sweet, pure  and most economical,  'YOU'LL LIKE PACIFIC"  FOOD   PRODUCTS   CO., LTD., Manufacturers  Office: 322 .DRAKE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  D  by a constitution. They can be  defended before the Courts of  the land, and there is'that other  weapon which is the 'pride of  every free citizen, the franchise.  ���������Hon. Mr. Limeux, speech at  Montreal.  Fur Farming.  The experiment in the fox-  raising business in the provinces  of New Brunswick and Prince  Edward Island has proven a great  success and hundreds of thousands of dollars has been brought  into those ^provinces through fox  farming.  An experimental fur farm has  been established in northern New  York by the United States Agricultural  Dapartment.     At this  farm many kinds of fur animals  will be tested, both native and  foreign, as to their adaptability  to domestication.    Improved  strains will be developed by selective breeding.   The farm is the  outgrowth of experiments conducted with minks and martens  the last year at Linden, Md., and  the National Zoological Park at  Washington.  But in British Columbia the  industry of fur raising hss been  hampered in every way possible,  Chough it may be looked upon  that this province is the home  for fur bearing animals.  Animals and agriculture are,  asarule, somewhat closely allied;  but for some inexplicable reason  fox raising comes under the law  still at it, only in a more aggra  vated form.    Of course we can  see that if the Brewster govern-1  ment ceases feeding, them there  will be a howl.  o....   O   ��������� "O    - o    . .������  Some writers are telling us  that Germany is stronger than,  ever. If a nation can become  stronger from having half its  efficient fighting men placed hors j  de-combat, by being half-starv:  ed, by losing all its trade, then  we dread   to ' contemplate   the  <^Jtr������  The Finest  Wheat in  the World  ���������plus millingskwT���������plus milling experience��������� plu3 modern, mill plant  ���������plus many other important factors and  you  have the answer���������  Royal Standard  Flour  ���������without "a peer in the whole world.  ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR is born in Can  Wheat Fields���������the best wheat producing  on earth. .  The net result when ROYAL STANDARD is r,  Bread, Biscuits, Buns, etc., bigger in voh  finer in texture���������greater in food value ci  and whiter in body.  The trademark, the Circle-V o~n the sack assur.  SOLD BY ALL STOREKEEPERS  a<:;an  ha:ci>  i  sec  'it:*:  ���������  ratn-r  D  ���������^  v..^ ���������    -----     ..   . .       The    Prince    Rupert    Empire  strength she will have when she! man, who is a candidate for the  ' House of Commons for this Riding.  While others stand for what  will benefit their party, he stands  for what will benefit these dis-  has been beaten to her knees.  o     o     o     o     o  What Next?  The price of tin has gone up. . XU1  ���������  Tin cans of all' size's have ad van - tricts  ment to carry on democratic in- department in this province, and  stitutions, and Liberalism is'with Mr. Bowser at the head the  made up of tolerance and justice, breeding of foxes has been a  It conciliates by prudent reforms failure in British Columbia,  the institutions of the past with ' What is wanted here is that  the requirements of the future, this important industry should be  British   Liberalism,  which is given every encouragement, its  Compare���������price for price���������  GREAT   WEST  TEA  * . -*���������    ��������� ���������  with the tea you are now using.  It's Better.  LEESON, DICKIE, GROSS & CO., Ltd.  Wholesale Grocers Vancouver, B.C.  M  hoe  D\9  UNION STEAMSHIP CO. OF B.C., LTD.  REGULAR FREIGHT  AND PASSENGEK SU:VI''K  BETWEEN  BELLA COOLA and VANCOUVER  S. S.   "CamOSim"   Leaves   Vancouver every  Tuesday at 11 p.m.       (Victoria day previous]  .   Leaves Bella Coola Fridays a. m.  S. S. "COQUITLAM" sails from Vuncoi  nightly, carrying Gasoline and Explosives,  at Bella Coola by arrangement.  ,. I'nrt-  ,!,  call  For ratea of Freights, Fares and other informal  ten.  :-,..|.I.V  "'  Head Office, Carrall St., Vancouvru ; or Gk<>-  agent, 1003 Government St., Victoria.  ;oH,  An unconvential potrait of Premier Lloyd-George and his wife.  Taken during the premier's attendance atm Welsh festival.  Madame Lloyd-George is partly eclipsed by the stout  Welshman with his back to the camera.  ^R  HOE  :>��������� c  Advertise your Wants in the CowJ  m  K*  mi  Pi  #  ; \'.*������������������* ''xi '> *  '; ! HK  hay, April 23,  IMt  BELLAj COOLA COURIER  r-sa  Unknown Riches.  rrain statisticians of Canada  |v underestimated the last  ������ Canadia crop.    So it hap-  f that there is now available  port 149,000,000 bushels of  J, which is 50,000,000 bush-  *''"'SRore than was supposed.   It  - '���������'���������iaSst likelythat the mJstake  made   by underestimating  uantity left over from the  |nse crop of 1916.    Much of  grain seems to have been  by the farmers.    The late  prices have perhaps brought  ���������ht a good deal of grain that  id have still. remained con-  id if-.the price had been low.  is extra 50,000,000 bushels  all wheat it would supply  liin with food for two months.  1      .r7���������  safe place.  Bees, while noted as workers,  sometimes have lazy spells when  they indulge in theiving. There  are instances where whole colonies have attacked a hive, assaulted the sentinels and inmates and  sacked the establishment. Bees  that do this repeatedly usually  end by becoming habitual criminals.  '&z  :&  "ROSES.  BY S. LE C. GRANT.  L'H -,-  S3  ���������������������������������'  Animal Thieves.  sealing is by no means rare  Ing the furred and feathered  ftion, and many animals ap-  ^ntly band together for no  ������r reason than criminal pur-  ������s. :���������' ���������  jaboons always steal in bands,  fen they wish to rob an orch-  they do it in a very systemic manner.      A  sentinel is  [ted to warn of danger.   The  somer baboons then line up like  ncket brigade, one of two of  members scale the trees, and  fruit is passed alon g from  to the other until the last  gets it, when he puts it in a  BIRD OF SWEETEST SONG.  It is said the larks of Scotland  are the sweetest singing birds of  earth. No piece of mechanism  that man has ever made has the  soft, sweet, glorious music in it  that the lark's throat has. When  the farmers of Scotland walk out  early in the morning they flush  the larks from the grass, and as  they rise they sing, and as they  sing they circle higher and higher they go, circling as they sing,  until at last the notes of theii  voices die out in the sweetest  strains that earth ever listened  to.  FARM LANDS  Oregon  <&   California Railroad Co.  Grant Lands.���������Title to same reves-  , ted in United States by Act of Congress dated June 9, 1916.    Two million three hundred thousand acres to be  opened for homesteads and sale. Timber and agricultural lands.    Containing some of the best land left in the  United States.    Now is the opportune  time.     Large map showing lands by  sections and description of soil, .climate, rainfall, elevations, etc.     Postpaid One Dollar.  Grant   Lands   Locating  Co.,   Box   610,  Portland, Oregon.  Wear the * * Dayfoot''  Solid Leather  Shoe  MADE FOR B. C. WEATHER  G. B. DAYFOOT and Co'y 303 Mercantile Building  Georgetown, Ont. and        Vancouver, B.C.  . if  3.C.  r5P  I  o  *������1  IxJ  rier  iThe joys   of  digging  in  the  fgarden���������  HALF the satisfaction in  gardening is in having  the proper tools.  And good ones at that.  We carry an excellent line of  spades, hoes, shovels, rakes,  pruning knives���������in fact everything necessary to keep the  garden in first class condition.  Sportsmen's  Headquarters  We carry the famous Remington  UMG Speed Shells���������"Arrow"and"Mtro  Club"���������used by leading Sportsmen  everywhere. We also carry all Remington UMC Arms and | Am munition.  REMINGTON  '/.������������������'������������������B"M&:  B. Brynildsen & Co.  Crowns today lie very uncertainly on the heads of kings and  queens who possess them. We  have j ust seen that of the Romanoff's pass away, and the crowns  of the Hohenzollerns and the  Hapsburgs are certainly trembling in the balance. Is it not  comforting amidst this world's  upheaval to think there is one  crown of human creation which  has outlived the centuries? And  while the world lasts will have  the unanimous support of its inhabitants. I speak of the crown  which makes the rose the queen  of flowers. So closely has this  beautiful flower linked itself with  the affairs of men that there is  scarcely a human function in  which it does not take a part.  Births, deaths, marriages, funerals, banquets in palace or humble  home, it shares in them all. It  has taken its part in this world's  wars and come through unscathed, its sovereignty being undisputed, color alone being the distinguishing mark of either faction. It welcomes the coming,  speeds the departing guest, and.  has so sweetly performed its services as Love's messenger that  to it has often been entrusted  the mystic interpretation of one  human heart to another, the  bearer of the first mute appeal  which binds them together for  life.  So "much has been written on  its culture it is needless to add  more, but as an amateur of many  years standing in rose growing  let me assure those who want to  grow them successfully in this  valley the greatest necessity lies  in the choosing, proving that the  varieties grown are suitable to  the locality, and giving them  cosy winter quarters in w&ich to  sleep. r>  Yes! I have favorites, here  they are: "Gloire de Dijon" a  climber especially adapted to the  Northern Pacific Coast, a profuse  and, what is more, a perpetual  bloomer, giving a constant supply of rich, sweet, creamy buds  (Continued on page 4, column 3.)  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  fOAL MINING RIGHTS of the Dominion, in  ^ Manitoba., Saskatchewan und Alberta,  the Yukon Territohy, the North-west Territories and in a portion of the Province of  British Colombia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre.. -Not more than 2,560 acres will be leaned  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in peraon to the Ajjent or Sub-Ajrent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated. '  In surveyed territory the land must be described by.sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.       ,  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise.  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shnll furnish  the Agent with sworn returns aeco"nting for the  full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay  the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns should be  furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the leasee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be  considered necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Department of the  Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N, B.���������Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for.���������30690.  BUSINESS CARDS  o    c  nor  3      O  Fur Sales Agency  600 dealers and trappers of B. C,  Yukon and Alaska have taken advantage of our Fur Sales Agency for 3 years.  Our sealed bid plan whereby 15 or 20  of the biggest fur buyers in the world  bid on your fur instead of one individual house assures the highest market  price always.  We hold sales monthly, but will advance 75 per cent, of value on receipt,  sending balance immediately after sale.  Our commission is only 3 to 4 per cent.  LITTLE BROS. FUR SALES  AGENCY, LTD.  54 POWELL ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  Lo].[c  30L-  )      O  Watch Repairs  Send your watch to us for guaranteed repairs at lowest prices.  A price given before proceeding with work. If not satisfactory, watch will be returned free  of expense.  O. B. ALLAN  Diamond Merchant���������Optician  Granville and Pender, Vancouver,B.C.  Comfort and luxury assured at a  minimum cost. Many Prince Rupert testimonials prove its worth  Have You Got $20 ?  If not your credit is good  Harry Hanson  Special Water Heater  (Patented in Canada)  Installed in your kitchen range  will give you all the hot water  you can use within thirty minutes  after fire is started. 121 now in  use in Prince Rupert and every  user a booster. You don't know  hot water comforts till you have  seen these results. $20.00 is the  Cost. Absolutely no charge unless satisfactory.  A bath supply Within twenty minutes  after fire is started and then a new supply every twenty minutes thereafter.  Wall radiators can also be run from  uour hot water boiler and other rooms  heated with no extra cost for fuel.  The Result Will Surprise You  Investigate!  WATER NOTICE  "Take Notice that George S.  1  MeTavish,  whose addiess is  733   Lampson  Street,   Victoria,  B. C., will apply for a .license to  take and use 600 cubic feet per  day of water out of an unnamed  creek, which flows into Victoria  Cove and drains into Rivers Inlet,  B. C, about three miles in a  westerly direction from Wannuck  River. -The water will be diverted from the stream at a point  about 1800 feet from the northwest corner post of Lot 1061 and  will be used for domestic and  cannery purposes upon the land  described as Lot 1061. Range 2,  Coast District. This notice was  posted on the ground on the 6th  day of April 1917.  A copy of this notice and an  application pursuant thereto and  to the "Water Act, 1914," will  be filed in the office of the Water  Recorder at Vancouver. Objections to the application may be  filed with the said Water Recorder or with the Comptroller  of Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings, Victoria, within 30  days after the first appearance  of this notice in a local newspaper. The date of the first  publication of this notice is April  21st, 1917.  G. S. McTAVISH, Applicant.  April 21--May 12.  VANCOUVER LAND DISTRICT  DISTRICT   Or   COAST���������BANOE   III.  Take notice that I, Frank Inrig, of  Wadhams, B. C, occupation cannery-  man, intend to apply for permission  to   purchase   the   following   described  land: " '  Commencing at a post planted at the  southwest corner of Lot 1041 on Goose  Bay, Rivers Inlet, thence east20 chums,  thence south 20 chains, thence west 20  chains to the shore, thence following  the shore line to the place of commencement.  FRANK INRIG.  Dated, March 28, 1917.      Ap. 7-J'ne 2  / heMason& fxisch Piano  of to-day will mat\e plain our  privilege to state with authority:  "NO  FINER   PIANO  MADE!"  SOLD DIRECT BY THE MANUFACTURERS  I  ��������� i  II.'I  IP  !������  tf I  Let us attend  your Victor Record  J   mail orders���������our service is intelligent  and guaranteed.        Write for Catalogue  Mason & Risch Ltd.  738 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.  ..������'ii!  \X7HAT person so happy and contented as the prosperous farmer?  \XTHAT person so independent?  11JHAT ambition more noble than to  be a producer of   the necessaries  of life?  Bella  Coola   farmers are  independent;  they are strangers to hard times.  View of a ranch in Bella Coola Valley.  CZZD  '"THE REASONS for this enviable condi-  ���������*��������� tion of affairs are obvious to anyone  who knows the Bella Coola Valley.  The land is fertile and needs little or no  irrigation. The climate is mild and enjoyable ; long warm summers with sufficient  rainfall and mild winters make for excellent crops.  Large and small fruits, garden and field  crops are grown to the best advantage.  This fact was established at the Prince  Rupert exhibition last year when farm produce from Bella Coola Valley carried away-  over twenty first prizes.  OELLA COOLA and the surrounding  country possesses wonderful wealth  in timber, as yet almost entirely undeveloped, and perhaps at no other point  on the Northern Coast is there the same  opportunity for a remunerative investment as in a saw mill at Bella Coola.  -i\  >s  ';���������>  *-i  Harry HansonThPeluR^or ���������'  X p. O. Box 395  I   139 2nd Ave., Prince Rupert, B.C.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF  BELLA COOLA COURIER.  Subscriptions Payable in Advance.  CANADA.  One Year $1.00  Six Months   0.75  Three Months  0.50  UNITED STATES.  One Year  $1-50  United Kingdom and the Continent.  One Year $1.00  ������������������ SMUMIH���������s��������������� <WTT TTinrfll -~*--.-.������������������**- fiT-i-MMMM"-������������������*������*���������������  r msTir ���������fMirsr ^m w������rimrm irnrwr���������m swmiuraiiiimar 11 ���������' ir'm  ~~n���������j~im[ ~im "^ "'-  ���������-"��������� -������������������-������������������  SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.  BELLA COOLA PUBLISHING CO., LTD.  BELLA COOLA,  P.. C.  Enclosed please find subscription  for Bella Coola Courier for   Name   P. O   Tear out and mail today, with amount of subscription enclosed     ...-.    - i .���������.,���������,..���������  -Miminmtmni J 4, ".':���������!���������   "I  r ' sc ���������     : I  Si*- ������?������   ���������* i  1  '���������','    J  I1 y  - i  ���������1 ��������� i ' j^S-  ! [K,r, r'M->  I M .\      ', $  1 Jit A  h  ah  * "> 'ft.  fA  BELCA COOLA COURIER  Saturd  30E  D  loe  for the  "Courier"  ONE DOLLAR  FOR ONE YEAR  x  The Courier is the only  newspaper published on  the mainland coast between Vancouver and  Prince Rupert.  A distance of six hundred miles  It Will be to your interest td keeP toell informed regarding the  happenings throughout  the Northern section of  this Province���������  THE "COURIER"  GIVES THEM.  ADVERTISERS-  Now is the .time to keep  your name before the  public. No manufacturer or'wholesalehbuse can  af ford ;tolet: slip the opportunity - of increased  sales that public advertising brings.  DEAL ESTATE booms in the  cities have come and gone.  People are beginning to flock to  the country. The North-West  Coast of British Columbia offers  opportunities for all. Did not  know, is no excuse. Investors  should keep posted on developments by reading the "Courier."  Which?  By what means������can we change  from an[���������.���������economy of peace and  industrial selfishness to an economy of effort and national sacrifice?  There are two ways in which  this can be; one that is heroic  and impossible, another that lies  easy to our hand.  The first is the method that  nations adopt only in their despair, only in the last agonies of  foreign conquest, as when Richmond  fell, or when  the Boers  fought on  in grim desperation  across the  naked veldt     Here  national production  ends, save  only for necessary food and war  supplies.      Private industry is  gone.    Luxury Is dead.    All of  the nation's men are gathered  into a single band.   They do as  they are told.   They fight, they  work, they die.    Its women are  in the fields; or they are making  bandages;  they  tend  the sick;  they pray beside the dying.  Thus can a nation stand, grim  and terrible, its back against the  wall, till it goes dowTn, all in one  heap, glorious. In the wild onslaughts of the great conquests  of the past, nations have died  like this.  But for us, here and now, and  in the short time that we have,  this is not possible.   -Outside invasion could force us to it, in a  jumbled wreck, with no choice  of our own.    But to accomplish  this at a word' of command' inside our present complex industrial system-is not possible.   It  is too intricate, too complicated  to be done by command:   To enlist every man and woman in an  industrial army, to direct their  work and assign  their rations,  in other words to create an ideal  national war machine, is a task  beyond the power of a government. ���������    ^"ears. of .preparation  would be needed.���������National Organization for War.  A  Qy>   April 21  m  ESTABLISHED AT BELLA COOU j,\ 1{r  Brynildsen  LEADfNG   DEALERS  IN  General Merchandise  Dry Goods; and Notion  s  Staple and Fancy  Groceries  HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE  CAMP. HEATING AND COOK STOVES  We at home are doing nothing,  or next to it, for the war. While  we go abou t our business as usual,  men are breathing out their lives  for us, somewhere in France.  o     o     o    o    o  Are our soldiers fighfcihgunder  a misunderstanding? Are" the  homes they are saving worth the  sacrifice?-  Job Printing  You are judged by the  stationery that you use.  Let us do your job printr  ing.   We will do it right.  DUILD UP YOUR HOME  TOWN. Do not talk���������support home industries ��������� talk is  cheap. The best way to show  that you are in earnest is to  practise it.  Support the "Courier" and you  are doing something for yourself  and your community.  To do this we'must exchange war  prosperity for war adversity.  xe  The Courier  $1 a Year  Published every  Saturday at  BELLA COOLA, B. C.  hoe  3 12  "THE two principal reasons  why   you   should   buy  "Shamrock" Hams, Bacon,  Lard, etc., are:  FIRST���������  There is none better.  SECOND���������  They are the only  brands produced in  B. C. under government inspection.  Ask for "SHAMROCK"  BACON  HAMS  LARD  BUTTER   EGGS  and keep your money at home.  ROSES���������Continued.  from May till November, or hard  frost. "General JaeqHeminot,"  a favorite as old as .-.the hills and  all the better for that, sweet,  bright and cheery in its velvety  crimson livery. I will count anyone my friend who can show, me  a rose, that can surpass it in  beauty and all round good qualities.*  This winter has been a hard  one on rosebushes, but the above  have come through^without a bad  spot on any of the canes.    All  high-class roses   must   be  laid  down for the winter, bend the  canes over and place a sod on  each tip, then throw earth in,  under and around the plant to prevent the branches breaking, and  last of 'alL.cover every portion of  the plant with sod,or earth, covering even six dr^eight inches  above all canes.   Do not uncover  until April 1st on an  average,  and nine times out of ten you will  find them in the same condition  as you laid them by in November.  "Kaiserin Augusta Victoria"  is another pet, though a name I hearts.  not much in favor  today,   but  think nothing of that. Germany's  contribution in magnificent roses  is a delightful contrast to her  recent hideous examples of Kul-  tur, and Kaiserin Augustua Victoria is a pure, graceful white,  once seen you will always cherish.  The writer is looking forward  with fond anticipation  for the  first choice buds to open so that  he may have the   pleasure  of  hanging them around the picture-  frame of one whose body rests  in Flanders,- but the memory of  whose bright, happy life is ever  with us.   Is this just fancy! an  imaginery  custom   linking  the  present with the past?   I think  not,  and  while   I rejoice, that  there^is no necessity to seek an  ambassadress   from   the   floral  world  to lay \ our most  sacred  thoughts   before   the   court  of  heaven,   I  believe instinctively  that He who asked us to consider  the lillies, also wishes us to consider the rose.    So thus it is that  we find this friendly flower in  our moments of greatest anguish  and .deepest thoughts pleading  with us, almost beseeching us to  trust implicity He who gave the  rose its bloom  and  fragrance.  Dear Rose we understand your  language though unspoken.   The  richest, warmest, sunniest border is yours: We want you always  sweet queen of flowers close to  our homes and  very near our  Large and well assorted stock  of Men's, Boys' and Children's  Clothing, Shirts and Underwear  We carry the largest and most  up-to-date stock of Men's,  Women's and Children's Shoes  in all styles at the lowest possible price. Men's Furnishings  to suit individual tastes  ������  ������  Tents-Pack and Riding Saddles  e  Burns'  P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.  Packers and  Provisioners  Calgary     Vancouver     Edmonton  CLUB OFFER  "\  Settlers, Prospectors, Hunters, Trappers, Campers and Land-Seekers will  find it to their advantage to look over  our stock. Nothing but the most suitable articles are kept at prices that  invite competition.  We have pleasure in announcing that we have made arrangements with two of the leading weekly publications  so that our subscribers may have the best of reading at  substantially reduced rates.  The Courier   ..... $L00  Farmers Advocate & Home Journal, Winnipeg  l. 50  $2.50  Both papers  for   .   .   $2.00  The Courier  Canadian Countryman, Toronto  $1.00  X50  $2.50  Both papers  for  .  .   $2.00  Paints -  Oils  - Varnishes  -  Stains  Crockery and Glassware of all kinds  Patent Medicines of all descriptions  Best brands of Flour.     Feed and Grain of all sorts  kept on hand.    Prompt service  The Courier   ....  Family Herald & Weekly Star, Montreal  $1.00  . 1.00   ,       lor  $2.00  Both papers  ���������   $1.75  Best Goods���������Lowest Prices   Largest Stock  V  The four papers may be had for $4.50.  RAW FURS BOUGHT AND SOLD  B. BRYNILDSEN & CO., BELLA COOLA, B.C.  ���������*.!  t.i  \pvas  .���������������������������������s������ti!

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