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The Abbotsford Post 1922-03-10

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 Vol. XXIIL, No. 15  Sumas, Council  ��������� WL-1ATCOM.RD,,.. Mar. 8.���������-A rush  ��������� of flooding waters down Sumas Val-  ������ ley washed-out the B/C. B. .Ity. ..track  at a point west of the Suraas    River  bridge.    Tho railway company in repairing lhe break, did not fill up   U������e  gap but   buill.   a  -trestle   over   t,he  'ditch.'   Mr. Wanlell    and    12 /other  petitioners asked  the Siunas Council  to got the U. C. IS. Hy. to refill ''/ais  gap.  A petition from nine What coin Kd.  landowners bogged the Council to  leave tlie highway crossing at this  point whoro.it is. Previous request*  have sought to move "the crossin������: " a  few score- feet westward where a,  better and longer grade could be  made. The council of course found  it easy to comply with'the latest petition. ' ���������  Mi\ Coo. L. Levis having bought  tho liinber,lenso on the Brown properly sougiu ^permission to. haul  logs by motor truck clown the  McKenzie and Farmer Rds. to Huntingdon. On deposit of two hundred  .dollars to cover possible road damage  permission was granted.  Pians for the-Maher Rd." birl^e over the Saar Creek ^presented by Engineer Humphreys.'showed a cement  bridge could be-built for $422. "He  recommended the/pile bridge,because  of the uncertainty of the subsoil.  Receiving the resignation of Mi.  Blinch, caretaker of the; Mu'sselv/hite  cemetery, the-council-appointed ;Mr.  H. Day to succeed him in this office.  Permission has been received from  .UieMejttcna^QAY������E5P&.&r,JlUi������idj3t  "erting-of the half of the liquor, grant:  into the general/"purpose  .fund,    instead of marking it for hospitals:  This permission is granted' because  there are no hospitals situate in the  municipality, and all outside bills  have been paid up to date.  J. J. W. Potter of Vancouver, represented by J. M. McDonald, solicitor " again .appeared before the  council to obtain drainage ]fdr his  laiid, north of the Wye Rd. After sev-.  eral abortive attenipts to obtain cooperation with other owner's the' municipal en'gineer ha'd ..surveyed the  land, recommending'"tlie digging of  an open ditch to the Marshall Creek,  at an aproximate cost of $500, adjoining owners-to share the cost.    .  Mr. C. Bingham who was present,  objected to this,proposal. The council therefore decided to proceed" under the Ditches and Watercourses  Act, whereby the engineer will sup-,  erinteud ..the . draining of . tho land  along natural lines, assembling all  properties interested, in tho proportion of their benefit.  Meeting.as a Board of Works  next Monday, the council will make a  tour of all the municipal roads on  which money is to be spent.  Garbage "dumping - In tlie municipality by outside villages is resented  by the municipality and the constable  is ordered to set up notices prohibiting the neighbors from thus disposing of their waste.  Matsqui Council  GIFFORD, March 8.���������The Matsqui" CbuncU'wlll -worlc iir agreement,  with the district forester to assist In  'the1 notices'about - burning regulations, and the issue of permits. Councillors will handle theso as was clone  last' your.   ',    . ���������  Tax Collector Stevenson.was given  authority to prosecute persons refusing to pay poll tax.  A resolution was passed making it  a condition of all labor done in    tho  municipality that,any' delinquent taxes owing by a   person   will   be   the  first charge on his account.  .   The wage scale for.the municipal-  I ity was set for the meeting. Tho coun-  ! cil will require a nine hour day' and  * 80 ceuts per hour   will be   paid    for  ' man and team,    a   man   and   single  horse"will receive 60 cents; 40fcerits  vfijl be, paid for ordinary labor,; and  4f> cents will be.^iven to foremen. ..  .  Mr.'   W.     Oroat     was: , appointed  poundkeeper for    the -district north  of . Abbotsford/    including    Matsqui  Prairie.'  The tax rate for 1922 was " struck  at 25 mills for wild , land, 12 mills  for .general purposes and 10 mills for  schools. This is the same rate as  last year.  Spirited bidding was discovered  when tenders ' were opened by the  council.' To- give C. Reynolds an outlet on. the Sim road, eight ratepayers  tendered sums varying from $24 .to  $600.''"Tlie contract was let to Harrv'  McTaggart for the lowest figure. For  the culvert to be built on the Harris  road, six bidders, .calculated very  i^los������ly-frUie'viTyaEd-:gCiing^torH;;Ryd:eiv  Y6rV$-75. V' ".  --   : ���������       .        * \'"  GIFFORD^Jarch 8.���������Tho Matsqui  Council were.$3ked for a $500 grant  toward? the Matsqui Agricultural Association's fail,1 this year by, Messrs.  Paice and. Olson,.on Monday morning. "Orily'$250''was voted last year,  but a new,chicken' building was required and other accomodation for  stock,-which "was crowded last year.  Also the upper' storey of the hall  should.be lighted. The children's  and Indies'' work suffered from this  inconvenience) ".and tlie government  grant* was to tie reduced 40 percent.  ,A's the buildings were, all "vested 'In  tlie council,-the":delegation' 'thought  they should-lni'il'd them.. "The labor  would be given'gratis.--' ��������� .   ";  The council/eventually YOted $300  and promisedfilo-get figures on, the  windows andcid' reconsider the question of -paying-jfor thefii."' .-,    >.   :'  Views were^Vxp'resge'd all Varound  the table that.Jhe Matsqui ���������'������'nd-Abbotsford fairs ,^s|ipuld -jbiri. Negotiations are being"tendered to .this end,  with some hope'of success.. If the  amalgamation*^ completed the Council agree to reconsider ;the grant.  BEADY FOR'MORE     *"  ,    HIGHWAY, PAVING  OFFICERS -OP .HOSPITAL  ' BOARD ARE ELECTED  DELEGATUS APPOINTED TO  ATTEND CONVENTION  The monthly meeting cf the Abbotsford and District Board of Trade  was held in the G. W. V. A. rooms  Monday evening-and was largely '-attended by members and others.  It was decided to co-operate with  Chilliwack in an effort to have    the  B. C. VI. R. and the C. N. R. operate  their train service.' throughout the  summer months at the old time in  place of "Daylight Saving Time." it  was decided to co-operate with the  Vancouver Board of Trade in putting  on "B. C. invitation Week, April 10-  1G" and also.in connection to offer a  prize of $5 for the best bonafide letter written by a pupil attending the  public schools in Matsqui, Sumas and  Abbotsford, .to someone outside of  British Columbia.  * Mr. N. Hill and Mr. J. Brydges  were appointed delegates to attend  the third annual convention of the  associated boards of- trade of British  Columbia to be held at    Victoria, B.  C. on March 29th, 30th and 31st.  The directors of the M.-S.-A. Hospital -met last Saturday afternoon  and transacted routine business. Mr.  R. L. McCulloch is-president of the  Board for the present year; Mr. N.  Hill,, vice-president and T; Bennett;  secretary.  . At a- special meeting of the Women's Auxiliary of .the Hospital which  was held on.Friday afternoon, Mrs.  H. Fraser, president" of the association, and Mrs." Wilson ,:of Clayburn,  were appointed" as'directors from the  Auxiliary, on tlie'Hospital Board. Accounts were also passed* for payment  at the meeting.  COMMITTEES   ARE   APPOINTED  FOR MAY DAY CELEBRATION'  The regular monthly meeting of  the True Blue Lodge was held on  Monday evening. Appointing committees for May Day was the chief  business . transacted. Mrs. W.m.  Roberts was elected as convenor of  all committees and it was decided to  hold a meeting at the home of Mrs.  T. McMillan on Tuesday evening,  March 14th, for the purpose of completing plans for the celebration. All  those interested are invited to attend.  HOUSE FLESH CHEAP  /    ��������� AT MATSQUI SALE  CIFFORD, March S.���������Four good  horses, one of them a coll, were sold  by the municipal clerk for $2.r> in all,  at the pound auction sale at Rull-  mans, Glen Valley. These horses had  been abandoned by a logging concern,  and although the Society for tlie Prevention of Cruelty to Animals had located the person responsible, the  council on Monday decided to drop  the matter, as they would only involve the district in further expense.  The municipal bills against the  horses amount to about $70.  DON'T FORGET TO SEE THE BIG  SUPER-SPECIAL PICTURE, "THE  SHEIK," at The ABBOTSFORD  THEATRE, SAT. April . 1st, 2:30,  7:15 and 9.15 p. m.    ,  Miss Mabel Nelson visited her sis-  tor, Mrs. H. Nixon, in Vancouver,  during the week.  S. D. Trethewey was a business visitor in Vancouver, Tuesday and Wednesday.  Those attending the,- Regina-Van-  couver hockey game Wednesday evening in Vancouver were E. T. Weir,  L. Collison and Pi A. Buchanan.  DAYLIGHT   SAVING  IS NOT FAVORED  CHILLIWACK, March 4.���������:Tlie  Chilliwack Board of Trade went on  record at their meeting" held this  week, as being opposed to daylight  saving, and the secretary was iu-  structed to write to' the B. C. E. R.  and the C. N. R. asking that the local trains to Chilliwack from Vancouver continue to be run on standard  time in the event of the time changing to daylight saving in the city. In  the country the daylight - saving  scheme is said to work considerable  hardship on the farmer and those especially interested in dairying, in  that it forces the-farmer and his assistants to rise much earlier than at  present, which is felt to be already  \ early enough.-   ' *  ������������������  MATSQUI PUBLIC   SCHOOL  February Report  Division I. Teacher A. Weathernee.  Percentage���������88.42.  Proficiency���������  Senior IV.���������-Victor Hawkins; Einer  Ebbeson, Cyril Smith.  Junior^ IV.���������Mau r'itz /    Beh rnev,  ) Harry Diffner, Oscar Elin,  Senior III.���������Agnes' Ebbeson, Hazel  Jacobson, Ethel Lidatrdm.  ; Junior III.���������Grace Hurum, Lenea  Borg, Philip Frederickson.  Division II. Teacher, R. Turnbull.  Percentage���������-80.     /  Proficiency-  Second   Reader���������Nora     Paterson,  George Paterson, Rhoda Mailes.  First Reader-���������Agneta Gustafason,  Ethel Flodin, Gordon Ediund.  Second Primer���������Emma . Erickson,  Goldien Sorenson, Iyah W?DD-  First Primer���������-Harold . Paterson,  Bert Olund, George Lidstrom.  Receiving Glass���������Henry Frederickson, Ralph Kemprud, ���������'..-. Chester  Crist.  VICTORIA,'.;^ March 8,���������-Preparar.  tions are.being made , here for "the  letting of thereon tract" for the paving  of the final sketch .of the. Pacific  Highway'fronicioverdale to the international- -fboundary," about ������ix  miles.,];     - - %   <   _." "'   - ���������  -, Erigineers^fjqm,.tlie. public,  works  ���������deyar(me^'l^^fTOndi;^^^-^ife--^fHl-  i'ng%.ih andth'er;'unpay$d^secti6i|,:; that  over the Serpentine Flats/haV .Jield  .up x splendidly,   during -,- the/ whiter  weather, and now it is likely, that this  link.of more than a,mile fyill also he  paved.    Last year it--was decided hot  to -pave, the Serpentine Flats' section '  because it was' feared the foundation J  was not firm enough. Premier Oliyer i  got'an appropriation of  '?15,0,00   toj  fill it-'in, and now. it "is   considered  that it has settled well'enough'   'for  permanent work.        r       '��������� ' C  Efforts are being made to induce  the department to divert the highway from the hill, two'miles north  of the boundary, so as to move it  about a mile west through the Pe:aoe  Arch at Douglas.  ,   Miss   Daisy Stadey was in Vancouver" over tho week-end.  Mr. and Mrs. D. Smith were recent  visitors in Vancouver. '  J. Laughten and P. Buchanan were  week-end visitors in Vancouver.  '    Mrs. H. P..  Knowll   and    Mrs. W.  Coutts spent Tuesday and Wednesday  in Vancouver.  Mrs. W. Harkness was the recent  gest at. the' home of her parents, Mr.  and Mrs. Mosher of North Vancouver. : ,,      .  , .,  Miss Annie McCrimmon,    who has  been .very ill is slowly improving.  '   Mr. Li/ Collison    spent the    weekend in Vancouver.  ' Miss Manning was a visitor to Vancouver on Wednesday. ��������� ���������  ���������;' Mr.' J. W. Wright of Langley-   has  purchased the residence of J.    Caldwell on Hazel Street. :  ,  The Ladies* Aid- will hold a St.  Patrick's Tea and sale of home cooking on Saturday, March 18th, inst.  -Mr. R. Thomas   of   Sumas    spent  Tuesday in,Abbotsford.  . Mrs. Manning who has been confined to her home through illness is.  convalescent.  The regular meeting-of the W. A.  of     the     Matsqui-Sumas-Abbotsford.  Hospital will be held in the Bank of  -Montreal Chambers next Wednesday.  Mrs. Thompson of Vancouver visited her sisters. Mrs. McMenemy and  Mrs. G. Zeigler this week.  The Bible Class of the   Presbyterian Sunday School are to hold a. Poverty .-SociaL.in the G.-W..V. A. rooms  "oirwedTiesday/Marclr-l 5th? --���������^~^.~--<  Mr. arid Mrs.-W. Ferris were visitors in Vancouver .during the week.  Mr.E. B. McPhail of Huntingdon  has been in charge of the feed store  here this week on account of the  illness of Mr.- J, Aiken. v   .  Mr. J. Brydges was in Victoria over  the week-end."  Mies Dorothy Lee enjoyed a week's  holidayvin Vancouver.  On account of the   illness of   tho J  pastor, Rev.-W. Robertson, Mr. J.  Wright of St. Nicholas, conducted the,  service in the Presbyterian Church oh"  Sunday evening ancl delivered a very  interesting sermon. ���������"/  Mr. Yarwood of Huntingdon has  accepted a position in the Abbotsford  branch of the Royal Bank of Canada.  Mr. Brown visited Vancouver.over  the week-end. . .  Rev. W. Simpson, travelling secretary of the Western conference/conducted the service .in St. Ma.thew's'  Church on Sunday evening, and dur.-'  ing his' stay informally met the  Sunday School teachers. Mr; Simpson  has gone on to visit- the various  Deanories of Yale.'  Mrs. H. Fraser visited    Chilliwack  J during the week..  Abbotsford and Fefnridge 'will'  play the finals in football for the  Packenham Cup on Saturday the 11th  inst. On the same day the Mission'  Football boys will play Clayburn-her.e  in Abbotsford. ,     /,  Mrs. Steffins of Chilliwack was a.  recent visitor in Abbotsford,.  The W. C. T. U. spent an enjoyable  afternoon at the home of Mrs. J. Par-  ton" on Tuesday. Mrs. W. Fadden  gave an instructive, paper on "Child.  Welfare."  .. Mrs. T. A. Swift visited in Vancou-.  ver this week.   ���������'  At a special meeting of    the Par-,  ent-Teacher    Association,    held . "on  Tuesday it was decided to discontinue,  the serving of the cocoa to the pupils  at the noon hour for the present.  While adjusting wires oh Wedries-  nesday, in Chilliwack, Charlie Stevens came in contact % with _> the high,  tension -Wires- arid iwas; insiantly^^kil?^  led. Mr., Stevens had worked:. for.  the B. C. E.'Co." for many ."yeara.and  was Very favorably' known here.'- "His;  home is in Huntingdon. '���������"���������' ". '��������� "  COMING, April 1st, "The. Shells.  Services will be held in St. Math-  ew's Anglican Church at. Abbotsford  every Sunday,night-a't 7:30. Re_V..A.  Harding Priest, vicar; ,.  '/ ':  Make your, selection for your suit nom, /  AT PRESENT PRICES YOU SAVE OVER 60  PER CENT. OFF 1920 PRICES. -;1>      V-  1920 Suit which cost $60. 'can- W  bought today for  W,e have all the new spring samples and styles,1'  and request your inspection. . .7:"-S  Men and Boys' Linen Collars, sizes 13 1-2 to 10,.  WYG. R. and Arrow Brand on sale, 2 for ..;..:.:.; 25c  Neckties, values up to $2.00 on sale at.. ..;.::;;50/j  NEW PRINTS, GINGHAMS, VOILES       /  Limited  ABBOTSFORD'S "STORE OF QUALITY"  fjggg������$5BpgjS$  dKBBxm PAGE 'IfWCJ  k.M ^*������^..-~p^i������*j-~  Tillj ABBOTSFORD F  i������*wnwrf������g7irwp������,. ������i   ^rx������������**������������#*"  JuK  TOE ABBOTSFORD) PQ'S1\ .  FublisUrd ICvcry Friday  J: A. BATES, Editor and Proprietor  sr  FRIDAY, MARCH   10,   1022  Premier Oliver has returned from  Ottawa, it is said, full of hope. Undoubtedly "many British Columbians  are pleased to find that'Mr. Oliver is  in that happy state of mind, but there  will be many who will wonder what  it is all over. He states that he can-  ��������� not hold out'auy hope that the P. G.  B. will'bo taken over by the Dominion government and made a part of  the Canadian National system.^ They  saw our premier coming. So far  as we can see we believe that tho  happy state of mind indicates that  the" premier's bluff has been called  in all his undertakings at Ottawa,  and'he has'-probably'tried to show  Jthe boy' premier how much he does  know to such an extent that for the  tirae/iein'g "Oliver has been made as  meek as Moses.  1 The, provincial government is congratulating, itself on the fact that u  Ws won/two bye-elections, one by ac-  'claminatibn and:the other by ballot.  It would appear like a whiff of real  fresh ;air"- on a hot summer day, tho  condition, of the weather remaining  Hias ;h'ot ras ever, except for the short  7time."  ' W. j" Bowser'comes in for a lot-or  ."abuse.'nW'that the Liberals have had  "���������'their"two''ministers ' returned.      But.  there'is nothing "that Bowser has' done  ���������in. the-past, or can--ever do in the  ���������"futufe'ttiat wiircbm'pare'to' the scand-  ;��������� dais, of -the.present government clur-  .ijag ..the" past'few'years: He may be  /blamed,.until'th"e proclaimer becomes  /j^a'Th the'face,'for1 the Dominion  ./TruaFscatidaC'but.'tlie number of pf.o-  'ple "who "suffered on account of the  failure of that, company "is��������� iiot.hiiu'.  *'to'the number-of people who have  . ,suffered :f'ro'm';high taxation, during  "ttie\war.and''sihce',"lack of consideration.'for' the needs of the taxpayer,  ': ato'd.a few other things-in which no1:  only a'few1 people    are-   concerneu.  some, just as l>c������r as the people who  '"had'their'mohey-in    the    Dominion  Trust, but the people:from the east  "'era" to tlie western and the northern.  ���������"''-to the southern'. boundaries of    the  /province-���������all have suffered    by   the  -actions of mismanagement r.and mis-  goverrimerit of the Oliver government  "-:sincev 1916.. .  '.RURAL' TRAINING  establishing experiment.nl schools in  four remote counties ,of Ontario  These schools provide courses in elementary agriculture and domestic  science for the boys and girls on the  "back concession" and are under the  supervision of the Ontario department of agriculture. -   -   .  Work along these lines in British  Columbia is being done by the; provincial department of education,  which has partly taken for its slogan  "A rural education for the ' rural  minded boys and girls of B. C."  Down in the centres of the Fraser'  Valley, the department, of education  is helping the children to become real  rural citi/.ens, successful farmers and  housewives. In other words, assets  lo the community.  To give the necessary agricultural  instruction, specialists- are sent- to  suitable districts by the government  at Victoria. l<"or instance, an expert  in the diseases of fruit is attached to  a school in the Okanagan district. A  specialist in tho growing of wheat  and other grains finds himself in a  community where there are farms of  this sort.  An instructor with a highly-developed knowledge of bacteriology is  sent into the Fraser Valley where  there are numbers of dairy farms.  These specialists are called district supervisors of elementary agricultural education and work under  Mr. J. W. Gibson, director of this  work under the department, of education. There are 14 district supervisors in \i. C, four of whom are stationed throughout the Fraser Valley  at Chilliwack, Murrayville, Clover-  dale and New Westminster.  Besides instructing the youthful  mind in the art of-farming, these spec  alsls are always at hand.to give information to the farmers of the district.  The district supervisor at Murrayville, Mr. J. M. Shales, B. A:, is an  expert bacleriologist. The one at Clo-  verdale, K. L. Small, is a specialist  in cereal crops and live stock. During January, a most successful special course in milk testing, including  production of milk per cow, was conducted at Cloverdale-by Mr. Small.  J. C. Readey is district supervisor  of,agricultural instruction for 'Chilliwack district and the ' work for  New Westminster district's carried  oh by Mr. A.M. McDer.motC   who isJing industry.in  {established in Canada under the British North America Act. of 1867, or  Confederation, is a Federal Union  (the first; of the kind in the British  Bmpire),'having (a) a.general or central government controlling matters  essential to the development, the pei  manency and the unity of'the whole  Dominion, and (b) a number of local  or provincial governments having the  control and management of certain  matters .naturally and conveniently  fallig within their ..defined jurisdiction' in accordance with the British  svstem cf parlamentary institutions,  * q.���������3. What was "the Quebec Conference"?  X,���������;j. The Quebec Conference was  ,a gathering, in 1864, of 33 Canadian  representatives of the' then , existing  provinces ancl Newfoundland to consider the forming of a union,, winch  resulted in the'Confederation of four  ofcthe provinces in 1807 as the Dominion of Canada. The 33 are known  as "the fathers of-Confederation."  q.���������j. what is- meant by "Confederation"?  A.���������4. The union-*-.of' the British  provinces of North America under  oncf ederal government; In 1807, has  always been knoAvn as-< "Confederation.'' Thus, "the enrol" Confederation" covers the peribd'-of over half  a century since the passage of the  British North America Act, on March  ���������29, 18(i7, and' its coming into force  on July 1, 1807, and included the  four original provinces to enter the  union: Upper and Lower Canada,  Nova Scotia 'and Now Brunswick,  the other, five provinces coming in at  later periods. .    .  Q.-r[>. How does Canada stand in  the world' as to hydruulic power,  railway mileage, iron exports and  population?  A.���������f>. Canada, in comparison with  nine of the world's-industrial nations  is first in extent, s'ecdnd in the aggregate of Its' hydraulic power, third ir>  the matter of-railways, sixth in the  total production of iron in its natural state aud' in the.business of export,  and eighth in population.  Q.���������C. Canada lerids in the production of many lines of resources,' in  mining, farming, etc.' Mention some  of them.  A.���������0. Canada produces- 90 pei  cent, of the world's- cobalt; 88 p. c.  of-asbestos; 88 p. c.; of nickel; 32 p.  c. of pulp-wood f 20vp. c. of lumber  and cured fish; 18 p. c. of oats; 15 p.  c. of potatoes; 12 p;-c. of silver; It  1-2 p. c. of wheat; 11 p. c. of barley,  ancl 4.p. c. each of gold and copper.  Q.���������7. What is'"Fur farming," and  to Avhaf, extent is it carried on in Canada?    ' ,;���������-"  :   A.���������-7-. A*census of the - fur-farm-  Canada,    taken    in  IMPROVEMENTS ARE CONSTANT"  Solutions of telephone problems are nearly always made in advance of necessity. Improvements are experimented with constantly so thai  the standard of service may be at all time.", the  very best. It is nol that a standard may be maintained, but that the standard may continue to be  as close to perfection as it is,humanly possible to  have it. Problems of speed, accuracy and transmission are always before the telephone engineers, and tlie great and precise mechanisms  through which the volume and complexity of telephone traffic is handled are mechanically perfect in the light of present invention.  British Columbia Telephone Company  SKHVIOK  STATION  FOR RURAL,  -,   ;In. farming 'and fruit-growing Brit-  : ish/Columbia.-every new thing   done  to help'agriculture is.a guarantee of  its future 'as/the' coming province of  -,the Dominion.'  One of the most important   pieces  :-of workr.b'eing'done by- the Provincial  /CoVerhmerit-today,^therefore, is the  '. "proper'training of 'the boys and girls  of the rural districts-.  Government 'specialists to teach  "agriculture -and qualified manual  '���������'��������� training .-and ,. domestic science teachers have been made possible in British/Columbia by the Provincial Gov  ernment doing;.its share of paying expenses, aided by;'money obtained under the Federal' Agriculture Instruction Act of 1913.  British Columbia at    the  BOYS | also supervisor of    agricultural    iri-  , slruction in the city schools ,of^  New  Westminster.'   ' ��������� ."''-.' -. .'*  Each of these district.'supervisors  is a qualified agricultural expert  having a degree in agricultural training and teaching experience. Some  district supervisors also have a degree  in  arts.���������Columbian.  CALL OFF THK MOVIES  Whatever may be said about tho  merits of "The Queen of Sheba" as a  spectacle it seems clear enough-that..  at some centre of^authority,-consideration must be given to the, question  as to what kind of films based on'the  Bible are to be licensed aiid shown in  the movies.  j    The film business is ran for.    the  present purpose of making money.    Pictures  time has more manual    training in: are made sensational enough in order  structors and-^more. domestic science!to draw crowds.    The producers are  teachers than   any . other  province  except .Ontario.  Canadian  well .aware that the   stories    told in  scriptural history are better'   known  1919���������--that'is,.the-raising- of-wild fur-  bearing animals in*, daptivity for the  sake of their-pelts���������-showed 4 4-fox  farms, three of mink *an"d two of-racoons, mostly' in Prince Edward Island. " The value of the'industry was  about 54,000,'000 and the 2,548 pelts  produced in that year were worth  ."3500,0.0 0. ��������� Fur-farming is steadily  on the- increase.      ' .  /     Q.���������8. To what extent is Canada a  sheep and  wool-growing country?  A.���������8/Canada has 3,720,783, valued at ' $ 3 7,2 6 3,0 0 0/ and the woo 1  clip for 1921   was 3 5,000,000 lbs-  Q.���������9. Great Britain is ' assisting  her ex-service men to settle in her  colonies'. How many have come to  Canada?  ���������A.---9.   The   British     Government,  under a policy of financially assisting  ex-service men to settle in the colonies, had, up to October,    1921,    sent  25,000 to Canada.  chevro;  Made'in Canada  ENJOY YOUR CAR NOW  There are weeks of ideal motoring weather  ahead���������weeks in which to enjoy your Chevrolet,  and keep you fit to reap the full'���������< benefit of  Canada's returning prosperity. ,   .  The Chevrolet will bring you pleasure to-day  and make your work more efficient through the  winter. At to-day's prices you certainly have  nothing to gain by delaying .your purchase.  Chevrolet-and Nash Ag" ents.  *   .  Mission City, B. C.  Chevrolet Dealers have a reputation for Servict.  to  The government experts qualified than anything .to' be- found elsewhere  teach agriculture.'   are,   stationed,':in ,the world's literature,   .if "the pro-  throughout the Fraser Valley at Chil  liwack, Murrayville, Cloverdale   aud  New Westminster, city.��������� -  Classes in manual training and domestic science are being conducted  in/iChilHwack, Mission City and New  Westminster.' ' Classes in manual  training only are carried on in the  municipalities of Chilliwack, Burn-  aby; Pitt Meadows and' in Maple  Ridge, whiichincludes Ruskin, Whon-  nbek*; Hane'y'and\Maple Ridge.- Night  schools in manual training "and domestic-science are also held at Chilliwack'and'Mission. City.  ''Manual training ' teachers in the  Fraser' Valley are Mr. Frederick  Lowe of Maple Ridge, Mr. Sager of  Chilliwack city,- Mr. Jamieson, , Chil-  "liwack" "municipality, and Mr. II-  lingworth at Mission City.  The domestic science teachers at  Ghilliwack.. -and^-Mission City are  Miss Grace Brown'and Miss VI da,  Rabb. (   ,  ,;.:->  It Is hoped' in the near future    to  enlarge the manual training and domestic science work   in   the   Fraser  Valley to Include    Matsqui    Prairie.!  Huntingdon and Abbotsford.  In the province of British    Cohuh-  r blaA.there,are    already    7 9. ..manual  training ceiitfe's"ah*d 62''manual'training instructors; .There are    also    f.l  domestic"science'' centres and 4 6    do-  -mestic  -science    teachers.    So    that  the Fraser Valley is" getting a generous''"share .of/the    practical    instruction that is 'to helpthe rural-boy and  rgjri vto^r,emain>;rural mindeii.  The Women's Institutes ia the  Fraser Valley have been veiiy active  "in doing organization work ��������� tc���������get domestic "science" taught in the Fraser  Valley "centres.  n *;.-.^he: :QntarIo,,.gQvernment, has given  great encouragement to    farming by  pr<  ducers of films find themselves .free-  to tear the Bible into scenarios, and,  starting with Genesis work their.way  through" to Pevelation, they will  doubtless turn eagerly to this 'rfch  field of material. They Avould find  in plenty 'plots abounding with "tra'j-  edy and comedy. , The spirit in which  Provincial   Revenue  ������������������ The revenue from all sources when  the. Conservatives left office in 191G.  was $6;291,693, while the present  Government has -increased old taxes  and devised new ones, until in 1921-  the revenue reached $.15,219,2 64.  But a lot of reckless .expenditures on  unwise and  unbusinesslike, projects,  it would be done would be all wrong; |some of which are shown in    follow  the effect of it might be    harmful in  the extreme. .    ������  One need not , worry especially  about any damage ' that may have  been done'to.the reputations- of .Solomon and the/Queen of Sheba, but the  fact must be faced that the financial'  ing paragraphs, ��������� necessitated more  revenue and more taxes and so more  taxes- were provided, on some thingi  which had been overlooked, and to  make sure that nothing was missed, a  general 10 per cent, increase was  provided for 1922, ancl .thereafter, by  MODEL "490" TOURING CAR  BtfOB  success of one film based on the Bible [doing away with the. discount for  history will almost assuredly lead to(ProniPt payment cof taxes on Feb-  others following rapidly on its heels, h'uary .15, ancl after; April 30, a pen-  rt will become .'necessary-.'to. place're-(alty ot" l Per.cent. per. month added  strictions. on this class-of show, ; and'if you'are not on time. In this way  the sooner it is done the better it will- tlle revenue for 1922 will be. ihcreas  beand. the fairer it will be to thoi(!(1 t0 $1^,045, 815. This will leave  producer's who are' already,'"'perhaps. Ia aeficit ot' $2,08:1,242, -.which it it  ���������reading the Bible us never before ami'������h������lKKl ,0 make un l)y selling a pooi  preparing to spend large suras on --ffrade of whiskey at;high prices, ThuV  films showing-Adam and Eve in. tl.eia,tnOU'Kh tno revenue Is nearly thir-  garden; Noah on the Ark, and Jonah >teen -millions..more,than- when the  before and   after   being, swallowed, t Conservatives retired, there are large  The movies should be called back.  They are taking a wrong turning.���������  Toronto Star.    ...  "right." This department has loaned  over, one million dollars-and of this  sum, loans amounting- to, $778,830  are overdue in their payments or are  in bad condition. This was a popular  branch of the Government during the  campaign. You arid your children  must make good the losses. Here  is an instance of '"political indiscretion:"  ��������� Boys Industrial (School  This school at Essondale .has 69  boys in it, with 24 officials iri'charge,  at salaries aggregating $35,000 per  year. Including these- salaries the  expense of maintenance is- $100,000  per year. The building was started,  two. years ago and cost $400,000. Do  you not think there could be a little  shrinkage here? But never mind.  You and your children will pay ;the:  excess. .'-  ��������� Wm. Atkinson  General Auctioneer and Live  Stock  Specialist.  ������  In Kamlodps in 1911 the .school  tax was 4 mills; in 1920 it was 12  1-2 mills and this-year at salaries  $33,000 instead of $29,550,"last year,  the rate is 13.75 mills. A motion by  Kamloops Council to reduce all salaries' 12 1-2 per cent, was defeated.  QUI'STION AM)   ANSWER  Q.���������1. How large is Canada,, compared to the British Isles, the "British Empire,-or'Europe?-. ���������  A.���������t-1. Canada's land area is 29  times that of the British Isles; nearly equal to the continent of Europe,  and 2 8 per cent, of the British Empire (exclusive of territories held as  mandatory).  Q.���������2. What is Canada's system of  government .--under .Confederation?  A.���������2. The system of government  deficits each year and the Government reverts to repkless borrowing.  Higher taxation on- income, personal  property, amusements, automobiles,  poll tax, farm land/mines, acreage,  real estate licenses and everything,  echoes the injunction to "Produce for  Us to Spend." What has the individual electeor. to show for all these  increased taxes? You and your children, must pay. The Government advertises its large /revenue as something to be proud of. Does it strike  you that way?  , Sundry Sins  The    Department, of      Industries  made generous loans just before the  last    election,    to   those who    were  A committee has been appointed  by the Caledonian Society at Vernon  o hold classes to promote the revival  of the''-old- Scottish- dances to replace  the "Jazz'" and other1 inferior Borts  low so much in evidence.  AVISE AND OTHERWISE  Exceedingly long patient: "I sav  doctor, are you going to put tliat  mustard plaster oh niy feet to draw  the pain from my head?"  Doctor:    "Yes. Why?"  Patient:  "Well, I object, I'd rather have it where it is   than    drawn  down through six'   feet   five   inches  of new territory."  23 years among- the Stockmen of  the -.Fraser ..Valley.- Am familar  with the different breeds of live  stock and their values.  .Addr  Box 34  ���������all -communications  hilliwack, B. C"  to  For  a Good SmokeTry  ;B;0. & Old Sport  CIGARS  BCi   CIGAR   FACTORY  WILBERO & WOLZ, props  J. H. JONES  Funeral Director  AGENT   FOR   HEADSTONES  Phone Connection. Mission Ciry nrf.  THE ABBOTSFORDi?08T  PAGE THREE  ���������aiAiaatf.  > ������ ^ o������ il������ <g>  PAINTER land  PAPER-HANGER  Brighten up your' home, for  tho long winter' evenings, a  little paint' and paper will go  a long-way towards making a  cheerful room. A' nice assortment of new designs in wall-'  paper  (Late   Taylor   &  .Humphrey)  B. C. Land Surveyor and  Civil Engineer  Itoom   0   Hart: Block,   Chilliwack  Box    122. CHILLIWACK  BARRISTERS andj  . SOLICITORS  LAW OFFICE  OPEN 'EVIQKY   FOIDAY  AllKOTSKORlt,' B.   C  .    NUT COAL  For Chicken Brooding  Plaster,' Lime and Cement  coal and tran8feu ..  "prices right,  ./. W .COTTRELL  .   ������     ABBOTSFORD     .,  ABBOTSFORD *  First Saturday /n-  Each Month  at 1 p. m.     ,  ALAN M. BMOVSKI  Auctioneer  Of. McPhee's Stable  P. 0. Box 94.  SUBDIVISION   OF.FARM LANDS  Lot 1-���������3.364 acres uncleared land-.  A. 1. soil, good water,    electric light,  facing the Hospital.-,   Would   make-  fine fruit or-chicken, ranch. ������������������ Terms.  sooo.oo.      -'���������-..      '     ���������  Lot 2--C-5. acres: Same- as ahove.  All this,p.r6petrty joins the town and  this >5 acres-is partly- cleared.- Per  acre, $250.00. ���������" - ���������-.- , .'..- /-  ' Lot 3���������f> acres partly cleared,'per  acre,   $250.00.  Lot 4���������One acre, .splendid    home-,  site settled.all around    with a .good  class of houses, $300.00. " "    -'  Lot f), G, 7���������Same-as lot 4.  Lot 8���������One acre.    A    corner    lot  haying a    large    frontage    on    hoth  streets and a splendid view.; Lots"of'  water. Electric light. $500.00.  Lot 9, 10, It,' 1-2���������One acre  Fine homesites, each-$300.00.  Lot     13���������5     room    cottage  50x150, rented,  $900.00.  Lot 14���������5 room cottage.  150," rented,  $900.00.     ���������  Lot 15���������6 room house.  150, $1000.00.  Lot 1G���������5 room house.  150, $1100.00.  Lot 20���������13.26 acres,  house, large harris, outbuildings; orchard, good water, on main road over looking and adjoining town. Splendid view.  $5000.00  Lot 21���������11.54 acres, house, outbuildings and clearing; fruit trees,  Pine situation overlooking the town  where there is a market for all kinds  of produce. $3000.00.  Lot    25���������Building  $250.00  Lot    26���������Building  $250.00  Lot    27���������Building  $250.00-      ���������'���������';.  Lot 29���������One acre, $300.00.  Lot 3 0���������One acre, $300.00.  Lot 31���������One acre, $300.00.  Lot 32���������-One acre, corner lot, frontage on two roads, $400.00.  Lot .33���������1.118 acres,    " ���������  Ci.'E'  Ry,. $300.00. !'���������  The  whole subdivision     would  be  sold at a price and terms that would  make it a splendid investment.  APPLY TO  JAMES MILSTED ���������-  ABBOTSPORD, B. C,  each.  Lot  Lot GOsT  Lot 5Ox  Lot 5 Ox  room  lot  lot  lot  66x132,  66x132.  66x132.  north of B.  Mt. Lehman W. I.  ��������� Programme 1922  JANUARY���������  Place���������Memorjal  Hall.  Speaker���������Mrs. V. S. MacLachnn,  Victoria, B. C.  Subject-���������Scope of Women's Jnsti-  -  tute Work.        ^  FEBRUARY���������  Place���������Memorial Hall.  Speaker���������Mrs. J. A. H. Gray, Mt.  Lehman, B. C.  Subject���������A   Day'in    an    English  School.  MARCH���������  Place���������Memorial Hall.  Speaker���������Mrs. Thos. Oswald,- Mt.  Lehman, B. C'.  Subject���������Immigration and Colonization.  APRIL���������  Placer-rMemorial Hall.  '   Speaker���������Mrs. J. A. Clarke, Vancouver, B.  C.  .Subject���������Human Welfare.  ���������MAY���������  Place���������Memorial Hall.  Speaker���������Mrs. Kirk, Nowton, B.  C, Convener of District  W. I. Health Committee  JUNE���������  - .-Place,���������Mrs.,.L. Coghlan's Home.  Garden Party.  JULY���������  Place���������Mrs. R. Owen's Home.  !  Musical  Afternoon.  AUGUST���������  Place���������Mrs. Gamsby's Home.   . ,.  Subject���������Home Economies'.  SEPTEMBER���������  ��������� '  Place���������Mrs. Roy Lehman's -Home.  Speaker���������Judge MacGill    (Mrs. J.  H. MacGill);1 Vancouver,  - -      '������������������'���������.' B" C>  ...Subject���������Legislation for women of  B. C. since their   enfrau-  t  .���������'   -' .'  chisenwmt.  OCTOBER���������  '   Place���������Memorial Hall.  .'  :       .Delegates' Report.  XGYEMBER���������  Place���������Memorial Hall. ^  . Speaker���������M.rs. J. D. Fearn.        t   ���������  RECEMBERr���������  Place���������Memorial Hall.  Annual  Meeting. '  OFFICERS  President-.     -      HELENA   FEARN  Vice.-Pres'.   -   MRS.-M. M. GAMSBY  -.-."    ���������; MRS. J.B. FEARN,  Directors'      -  -- MRS: L.' COGHLAN  MRS. J. A. H. GRAY  Sec.-Treas. - MRS.  THOS." OSWALD,  Raise, Entrance  Class Standards  ' By regulations just issued at Victoria the standard for high school entrance has been .raised - materially.  Hitherto an average of 50 per cent,  was demanded on all subjects from  senior grade students, who,., might  however, drop as low as 34 per cent,  on individual subjects. By the new  standard an average of 60 per cent,  is expected on the following subjects:  English grammer and composition,  arithmetic, writing, spelling and dictation, geography and drawing. The  circular issued by the department  does not state what mininmum . on  any individutl subject is required,  but it is concluded that it is' 34 per  cent.  No reason has been assigned for  raising the 'standard and it is pre-  sumedt hat it is in answer to the  complaint frequently raised by high  school and University teachers that  students are not well grounded in  elementary  work.  - The result of the new rules, as  pointed out by a deputation of principals from the public schools who  met the Vancouver Board last week,  will be that not more than 20 or 30  per cent, will be ablo to pass tho  entrance examinations as- the classes are at present constituted. This  means in turn, they explained, that  the upper grades in the pubhc  schools will be congested and that  many pupils will drop out of school.  THE TALE OF  A SHIRT  One story is told of a prominent  parliamentary man concerning an  occasion when he was announced to  speak at a meeting in a small Western town. On account of a cloud  burst, however, there was a washout  oh the railroad. Soke telegraphed  to the committee: "Cannot reach you  in time.   Washout on the line."  Back came the reply: ���������  "Never mind your wash. ��������� Buy another shirt at our expense ancl come  anyway."  Co-operation::-R$yhot&  Of Bank of Montreal  The Bank of Montreal which has  just taken over tlie. Merchants Baak-  of Canada, is the oldest iBank in tlie  Dominion. It was establtelie'd -in 1817  and during over a , Century, 0f co-op-:  eration in developing, Canadian trade  and! ndustry has been,so closely allk  ed with many of the largest ijndertak  ings of the country th^t its hjstory 1"b  largely the.history of the' Dominion.  Tht oldest Bank ' in British" North  America and one of^bedargestin the  British Empire, it has effected this  great work with such a kindly touch  of co-operation ;,that,it has always, enjoyed the confidence, one5 might' almost say the affection,- <jf all, Canadians. ,. .. ,. \f..  . Looking back ovej- its ..undertakings of 100 years arid, scanning ,the  different groups, of, jrieri , that, have  succeeded one another in, tlie., direction and administration of thfe affairs  of the .Bank, one . is . immediately  struck by the Ijigh ideaI0.,they have  always attained, and , their faithfulness in maintaining the best .traditions of the Bank .which' has , been  confided to their care. Qn���������.closer examination, one},is almost tempted,to  remark that one of the .(underlying  facts' in the remarkable success of the  Bank Is the jealous hiaimfer'.in' which  its officers have, respected and passed along the traditions of the,earlier days.             ,              ���������                t "  With these traditidns".the Bank has  become something more, than ..merely  a banker to,Jts Customers. \It has  gone much further arid whether tho  costumer was an' individual,^a,.company municipality or' " Government,  lhe Bank has sought to lend ,, entirei  co-operation and,to,give thes benefit  of its full i. experience', in, order that  their .problems might lie' worked ;-out  ancl success', attained. , ^  , There are-so%niany...0ana.dlftii,; who  today take a pride ifi '/eliing pf ithe  help they received.In {he;eiw?ly- days;  of their struggle "is; a jres.ult.of ,thl's!  policy, that it mijg[Jit tr^tnfulijCbe said'  that the Bank of ATonUear'haV played a prominent part, in the ,' 'develor-  men of every industry ' that' ."to4day,  thrives in Canada. I'.  Such hearty��������� co-operation*, eyidjen t-  ly had as its foundation absolute confidence in-theifuture of .Canada. "This  confidence 'has been Stilly -justified;  -and it is-.when'one', looks back 50:;' or.  100 years .that, one.; appreciates;;the  courage .and foresight it .r6quired;l to  gauge'aright the opportunities, ithat  were ahead. , .   t_ .......    .    .  And so the Bank- of/.MiJntr.ealfhas  grown to be more than\ a" Bank���������4it is  an institution. ,, ..'���������������������������  Its ^ growth .jand... jexRarfeW. v naye  been- like those <3,f.ma������y <r{6ipLef.Canadian concerns. .--It canie -ttfrtn ���������'yery  small arid -humble .-beginnings', -} but  gradually and. steadily, it .(expanded;  and as the!population .spread- out/over,,  the-North"-American --.continent,?? the"  Bank of .Montreal .expanded, its  branch, system in order to.playjts, full  part in the development-of .the = resources I of the country.  For a great.many years.it has,Lalsb-  served-as fiscal agent for the.QQVern-  ment.of the Dornarii6n;of panada''aiid-  in-this-capacity has' been a61^, to,lend  valuable assistanceUn,,;shaping the-  financial problems' of-, the!' country,  and-helping-to k6ep its .condition at  all times, sound.  Furthermore,- although .the hank  is an- institution of -remarkable  strength and-.solidity.-it.nrust not be  forgotten that" many,-if mot ihost, of  its-offices are sitiiated.in small towns  and its services .are therefore, necessarily devoted . very.. largely, tot the  farmer'and the sriaail.-.bus'iness ;-man.  It is true that many' of the';, largest  business and undusdrial;. concerns in  the country, avail-themselves ofo the  banking facilities;-which jthi^.institution is able to, offer,,but the pbli'py of  the bank is-service first, whether Jn,  connection - with-iaTge^-!-'accounts Dr  small ones,-and-the attentidn:������;and.  care devoted to small accounts'both  in cities and in-rural��������� districts! form  one of the reasons why-: the Bank .--'.Of  Montreal is held in-such"'High; repute  throughout- the-'Dominion.  Organization -'of., the Baiilc  It was on the -23rd of June', 18 V7;'  that nine-* merchants1 of* ���������' Montreal-,  namely John ��������� Richard&dri,?/- c,George  Garden-,- George Moffatt,: .Thomas A'-:  Turner,- Robert- Arm6ur,5;.J^nies Leslie, Horatio Gates, John C. Bush, arid  Austin Cuvillier,.:afgriedf'Articles" of  Association for' the- formation of the  ''Montreal' Bank."  The first meeting of the. stockholders was held pn the 7th ;August,  1817. At this meeting the following  directors were elected: John -Gray,  who became the first President;  Thomas A. Turner, the first Vice-  President; John Forsyth, Georgo  Garden, George- Mof fatt, , Horatio  Gates, Fred W. Ermatinger, John M -  Tavish, Austin- Cuvillier,, James', Leslie, Hiram Nichols Gebrge. P'latt-.and  Zabdill  Thayer. ��������� f~  The directors and chief < officers  having been elected, the organization  of the Bank for the-conduct, of business was . immediately "effected. A  house, occupied by Robert Armour,,  in St. Paul Street, Montreal,' between  St. Nicholas and St. Francois. Xavier  Streets was- selected for , the- Bank  premises and rented until the 1st  May the following, year.       ���������,,  The first employee's" of the Bank  were appointed on the 23rd.August;  They-'.were.Robert Griffin, cashier;  Henry Dupuy, accountant; Henry B.  Stone/ paying teller; .and James  .(ackson, second teller. ��������� A discouu.  clerk and seoond bookkeeper and  porter were added shortly afterwards  and it was with this staff of seven  that tho Bank began business.  The announcement regarding the  opening or' the Bank's premises for  regular business was inserted in the  local papers on the 23 rd October,  1817 and read as follows:���������  "TheBank of Montreal will com-  menpe operation on' Monday,,Novem^  ber 3. Bank hours, 10 to 3: Discount days, Tuesdays and Fridays;  Bills and Notes for discount to be delivered to the cashier on the previous  day. , ^  ..Promptly' at ,the time - appointed,  tlie rriodeet establishment in"%. Paul  Street-opened:-its <doors- and the .Bank,  wag, started which was destined to  play such a'beneficial part in Can-  ada'sj.-.resources-.. Two weeks after the  opening of the Banki the' directors  appointed an agent at Quebec. In  the following June the agency became an office of discount and deposit and a month later agents, were  appointed at Kngstori - and York  (later called Toronto).  Bunk moves to St,  James Street  From the first it was recognized  that the rental of the Bank premises  was to be a temporary expedient and  within a few weeks after commencing business, the directors acquired two lots of, land on St. James  Street for a Bank building.-The land  waB- bought jfroin .James McDougall  for $2,00J) and after long occupancy  by the Bank, became the site of the  General Post Office of Montreal,  wKlch immediately, adjoins .on the  west the present Head Office of the  Bank,, The.plans for a building were  approved,early..in 1818 .and, the structure Vready for occupancy in 1819. -  ��������� ������������������'The' chief;shareholdres 'of the Bank  did not- haye to. wait long ,,for, a0 tangible reward of their enterprise. The  ��������� business-was, ..sufficient-, both in volume and profits to warrant the directors :'in- declaring;, af.the end of a  year's operation, a dividend of 8 per  cent upon the capital paid in. From  that time to the present,,.with the exception of 1827 and 1828,'the Bank  has never failed' to pay dividends to  its^sharejiolders.., Concurrently with  the' declaration of a dividend, the directors dsplayed a farsighted financial wisdom in placing,a portion of  the profits in a Reserve Fund. Thus,  they started the Bank's Rest, which  wit-hf the-,' accumulation v during' a  ���������period ��������� of ' ihore ' than a . century  amounts now to the sum of $22,000,-  ooo. -���������������'  - During this time the Bank was  operatingjmder^the Articles of 1817,  bu|t���������at the'same." time fit ' was; .endeavouring to obtain the sanction to "do  business either by Act of the British  Parliament or, by. Royal Charter. As  early;as' October, 1817, the "stockholders taUargeneral:meeting,had deeded- to apply to the, Legislature for  an Act of Incorporation. .There was  some delay in connection with this,  and again the stockholders presented  a,Bill,',and in 1821 the. Legislature  grarited'a Charter which(received the  RoyaUAssent.on,May, 18th, 1822. The  "Capital stock-was fixed at $250,000.  ; ���������- Not '^he ��������� least. service - .which the  Bank of Montreal has rendered to the  cfduritiry'ls "the:"' steadying - influence  which it exerted! when a-crisis arose  in the affairs of the- Merchants Bank  and 'the; ma"nner,.in which- it brought-  its resources and experience to bear  not 'only' in preventing any losses to  the clients of that>,bank. but also .in  preventing anything even remotely  resembling a dislocation ,in the business- with .which the,, Merchants BaDk  was associated.. , It..is generally felt  that,.the customers .of the Merchants  Bank 'have been fortunate in finding  that the Bank which,has,served them  so weH'Mhas.been able, when :difficul-  ties'arose, - to- merge- with such a  strong-dahd helpful .institution as the  Bank of Montreal.  Pi TvFederation  lipids Discussion  The regular monthly meeting of  the' Vancouver' Parent-Teacher Fedei-  a'tiori was held'on Thursday evening,  Feb! 23, in the.Technical School-aud-  ltbrium, Mrs: Witcomb, the president,  in- the chair. ���������" Parents, teachers and  school principals were invited to attend,-as the'meeting was called for  the purpose of considering the new  regulations, relative to the entrance  examinations.  -. At the. beginning of the meeting it  was. stated that an open discussion  had been asked for by an association  and it had been decided upon not in a  spirit of fault finding, but as a means  in the entrancec lass could be promot-  criticism could be maae. Betore any  speaker took the floor a letter was  read from the department of educa-  tpn, in which the announcement was  made that 60 per cent, of the pupils  in the entrance class ceulcj be promot  ed on recommendation of the principal and the remaining 40 per cent  would have to take examinations in  grammar, "composition, arithmetic,  "geography and drawing, and would  have to make a percentage of 60  ���������marks in each to pass.  ' The first speaker, a high school  principal, stated that he was not sure  that the time had come to do without  examinations.  In some cases the examination wab  a stimulus both to pupil and teacher.  That a single examination at the end  of a year us a sole judge of a p,upU's  ability was a severe strain, he agreed,  but tliis was seldom the case. ' In tiie  high school four completely new subjects were taken, up.- If the work'.in  the public schools was not thoroughly done the children would have to  repeat years in high school. He disclaimed any knowledge of . what had  led to the changes'in the regulations.  All pupils sent up to the high .school  he did not consider good material,  and it was his opinion that the public school ought to take an . equal  share in keeping such pupils for ire-  peat years. There was a danger that  public school pupils were shoved . on.  because of a pressure of lack of accommodation hi lower.- years of .the  public school.    .  The next speaker was" ' a public  school' principal. - He������-believed, that  there had-been a certain,amount of  resentment among high school principals owing-to, the- fact, that, the;.power  to recommend pupils rested with,the  lower school principals. He/held that  the entrance examinations" were /.not  proper tests as they were only a subjective valuation and, were unreliable.  The marking of examination ��������� papers  was inconsistent as the same examiner would-mark the same, papers.,dif-  ferently at different times. There-.was  a possibility of examining a ifliik'  scientifically -and accurately ;��������� by  means "of standardized tests such as  the Curtis.,tests. Intelligence j;and  pedagogical tests which.could be;i applied by the principal could also be  relied upon. There was a'scientific  classification which, determinedi(;how  many children'in a "class were .fit to  be promoted. --AVith this classification, the new regulations' would utterly conflict. -' The subjects ihosen for  the examinations were arbitrary-  and were for "the interests' of the3igh  School rather than-in the interests of  the "pupils. "There "was no doubt] j hat  their- enforcement.'would' kse.0 ,lria;iy  children out of an j advanced education. There was'no justice in insisting that any child who entered; thd  high school 'should be,able to proceed  to matriculation,, as'mart'y : children  could go to the first or second^ year  and no further. The remedy tint,  principal suggested was the appointment of an educational survey, .consisting of ���������-prominent.,, educationists  to go into the whole.School' system,  find the .defects- and <��������� suggest; the  cures. ^  A Kitsilano school teacher said he  welcomed some test as far as his own  promotions were concerned, to .decide  whether the-pupils on the borderland  were fit to enter the High Scliool.  He held that both types of schools  existed for the children and j. their  good. 'He would";''heartily welcome  some check in" promotions to High  School, as it would relieve him of  someLot\the responsibility. It wtas necessary ' to. eliminate pupils whoj! could  not take the step to.the upper "school,  and this in certain" cases" was accomplished by examinations.,But it seemed- folly to assume '"that the '"pupils  less fitted could make 60 per cent,  in such examinations when only a  sriiall percentage of the best j? pupils  made so high a mark in former., years.  The danger >in- the -new'v.regulations  was in the fact that many more children would be e'xcluded"fr6iri''advanc-  ed education.-. At: present .there is no  means of.knowing how the new papers will be marked or what standard  will be set.  Another, teacher, advocated >the diversity of thV High'vSchool course to  meet the different capacities, of the  pupils and a scientific survey-of both  Public and High Schools to ascertain  the existing situation and" what  should be done' to remedy it.^  The bulk of humanity d]oes not  reach the mehtality of 14 years.  Another teacher,.believed that the  record of the..pupils for. their whole  school career should be.the ^.basis of  consideration for .promotion. This  new method would condemn jsome of  the-brightest intellects.the^wbrld has  ever seen. It is illegal and a alur  on the intelligence .of public school  principals. ' Examinations have their  place but they are not the whole  thing.  In reply to. a question as to what  would happen to the"40' per cent, if  they failed, James. Blackwood, school  trustee, pointed out that there should  be junior high schools or work shops  to care for these pupils and fit them  for present needs.  Opinions were expressed by parents  that the cause of the new regulations'  was the lack of space in.the schools.  -. At this point a general discussion  took place on what would be the fate  of the children who failed to pass the  examinations. Would they drop out  of school entirely through' discouragement?  J. Blackwood was of the. opinion  that the important question .was the  fate of the children who failed and  that the government ought to offer  a substitute to the High School in the  form of Junior High School or Technical Schools. Mrs. Macaulay also  expressed herself as feeling that the  new regulations were not. a mark of  progress.  It was finally decided that two delegates be sent to Victoria with the  delegation from the school board, to  investigate the matter and-report to  a meeting which will be called to deal  fully with the question.���������Western  Women's   Weekly. ���������-. .11  THIS A^BOT^FOKft POST,. ABBOTSFOHD,  ���������������M������mi rrJHr^Kj.^������i������^c������**a������  CLEAN AND WHOLESOME  ' it is an important feature with us to keep every tool at^l  annliance in a thoroughly sanitary condition. AH Gui sui .  ZndtgB are sweet and wholesome, not only those which  jrexposed to the view of the customers, but all portion,  of the premises.   No better meat can be offered Ugr sale.  ��������� s.F.WHITE.  Abbotsford, B.C.  DtiLEG ANIONS"  ON KO.VD  MATTKKS  B.   C.   Phone   41.  Farmers' Phone  1909  Forethought will tell ybu that now is lhe liiiie  to have your car overhauled. The Spring rush  will soon begin.  Let us make you enjoy your car and make your  outing trip a pleasure.  Our mechanics are. experts and wit ban up-to-  date equipped-shop-can give you the best of service and a permanent job al a reasonable cost.  A little knowledge of .electrical systems is a  dangrous thing. Better let us check up on your  ignition.  A rolling car gathers no crowd.   .  Don't forget our Specialties:  lAtiie-work,  ACETYLENE- WELDING AND CUTTING  OVERHAULING and RE-CHARGING OF  BATTERIES  ;  ELECTRIC MOTORS INSTALLED -AND  RE^ WOUND  We guarantee all our work to be Satisfactory.  Abbotsford Garage & Machine Shop  -'        :     , Limited  Ph'otte, B. C. 7 ABBOTSFeRI) B. C. Farmers 1918  F. V. HUNTINGDON  ASSOCIATION  ABBOTSFORD AND HUNTINGDON  ABBOl-SFORD   BRANCH HUNTINGDON BRANCH  Phones: Phones:  B. C. 27; Farmers 1908. B. C. 14L; Farmers  We sell Fic?ur, Cereals, Butter, eggs.  We sell P������ultry Feeds, Mill Feeds, Hay, Salt.  Head Office ....,-  1312  Huntingdon. B.  aiFFOIti), March S.---Roqu'csls for  new roads and the repairing,  straightening and improving, of old  roads came in thick and fast to the  Matsqui Municipal Council at their  meeting bn Monday.  Mr. and Mrs.'J. .Little of Ridge-  dale sought-and secured consent and  assistance for an.ov.tlet over theX". N.  It. Track to the Township road.' Up  to the present they have boon travelling over 40 acres of private proper  ley. ���������  Mr. Smith has a dirt road wost.ol  the prairie that is all mud in wet  weather. ���������  '' Mr. Wm. Bates, a little further on  wanted work to be done on his roau  early this year. For two years ap  propriatinns have been made for the  Bates road, but always too late in  the year for work to be done. Coun.  Keay will see that it is done in time  this year. It contains a 14-foot government culvert,- which'is not wide  eriuogh'for a 50-foot road and a gov-  ernment bridge that the water passes  by. The clerk will point out those  things to the "government engineer  with a view to their improvement.  Mr. N. Olund, claiming that . tlie  road up the Ooglan hill does not run  where it should but wanders on pn-  vote property, suggested an appropriation of $500 to straighten it, ami  the council agreed with him.  Mr. and Mrs. Hassard or Mt. I-cm-  man, near Jubilee, explained that  they had the lumber for a bouse and  chickens waiting at a neighborinc  ranch until they could find a way Into their property. The road was,  opened part of the way, it was level,  no. gulches to be crossed, only needing clearing, but it must needs' be  done before they could get.in this  year. Couii. Keay-appropriated $150  ! to clear the right of way and make it  passable.  Stating that. 1������ children needed a  way to school, Messrs. Almgren and  Norman wanted the Turner road,  whiclv is but soft mud, made dry and  gravelly.   This Coun. Bell will attend  to. -'  The road from Clayburn to Strait-  on up the hill came in for   discussion  as to the right of maintenance.    The  road is in Matsqui district, but is used solely by residents of Straiton and  Township 20, which is    government,  country.    Hitherto ��������� the    government  has' gone fifty-fifty-   on the   upkeep,  but the repair of the big bridge is imperative  and    although    this is "the  " worst piece of road in the municipality and of no use 'to ratepayers," the  \ council is responsible and must plank  the ��������� bridge for'safety and    refer    to  the government "afterwards.  Mr. Carl Poignant has' established  a rock crushing plant at    Clayburn,  and appeared before the council for  orders.   His terms are $1-75 per yard  for coarse and medium ��������� road,    and  .$2.00 for fine crushed.    Council considered that it would pay to use   this  .within a radius'of two miles. Before  'much hauling can-be done, however,  'a half mile strip of the    Harris-road"  must be "rocked."       Mr.    Poignant  agreed to build this, supply-the rock  and roll it for' the cost of the material,-or at the rate of $1.75 per yard.  Mr. Jas. Allan of Marsh's Landing  communicated- the information that  he has been living on Section 2 for  the last ten years waiting for the  section line to be opened up. He has  a 20-foot trail. The council will have  it widened to' 40 feet.  A petition "'from 28 ratepayers  south of Abbotsford asked the council to .accept as a public highway a  road donated by the owners, which  will "run north and south from the  Poplar (School'road to the King road.  The' council decided: to lay the petition over until the road is completed and examined. /  3 lbs. Tea for ., : -'  ������\%\  3 lbs. Coffee for     . -��������� ���������-   ^  7 lbs. Rolled Oats for ..: -.-,.- ���������  20 lbs. Rolled Oats for p  Royal Crown Naptha Soap, o for  ������>  '16-oz. tins.Assorted Jams, loc each, 2 tor .... __ Uo  Our Motto: SERVICE QUALITY AND PRICE  ALBERT LEE, Baker and Grocer  Flour and Feed Prompt Delivery  Advertisements under  headiiag cost 25 cents  Leave copy and money  botsford Garage.  the    above  per    issue.  at The Ah-  CONTENDS LKCAL HOMN  IS WHERE PHONE IS  NEW YORK���������An endeavor to establish legal residence as tho place  where one has a residential telephone was made yesterday by the  Vanle Company, which is being sued  by Matthew Kleinrock for $0,842 for  alltged breach of contract in Orange  County Supreme Court. The plaintiff savs 'he lives in Highland Falls  and that the suit is brought properly  in Orange County.  The defense alleges that Kleinrock  has a home at 50 Thatford avenue,  Brooklyn, NewYork, where his fain  Jly lives and whore there is a telephone in Kleinrock's-name, and seeks  to have the action tried in Brooklyn.  Justice Morschauser directed the attorneys to prepare briefs on this  point.    Say! A lot was sold on Main Street  Sumas,City,'this week���������the first in  five years they say.  OLIVER RETURNS      .  BUT EMPTY-HAN 1)1'I>  VICTORIA, March 6.���������Beyond receiving assurances of, sympathetic  consideration of his various. representations made to. the federal Premier and. some members, pt" the cabinet while he-was reeeiitly. in .'Ottawa;  'Hon. John Oliver, who returned to  Victoria on Saturday, received no definite promises of federal ..assistance  in such important, problems to this  province as the Pacific Great Eastern  Railway, continued drydock construction, completion "of the.wooden ships  here, and other matters, which wove  laid before the Ottawa authorities.  BUCKHAM MAY RENEW  LIBERAL  WHIP  VICTORIA, March 8.���������Mr.. J. A.  Buckham, member for Golden, is  visiting the capital in company with  his wife. Since the elevation of Dr.  W. H. Sutherland to. cabinet rank,  Mr. Buckham is looked upon to succeed to the position of Liberal whip.  During the past two sessions of- the  Legislature he has acted as junior  whip to the government forces.  Tonight, Saturday, March 11th.  Bryant Washburn, in "A .FULL  HOUSE.'" also-a Patlie. \2 Reel Comedy, "HIGH AND DRY,", at the local Moving Picture Theatre. A;programme that deals to all a. ROYAL  Plush of Laughter.  LOCAL and DISTRICT  Mrs. Ebv's brother and his wife.  Mr. and Mrs. W. Anderson, of Winnipeg, who have been in Victoria, are  visiting Mrs. El>y. over the week-end.  Mr. M. M. Shore was in Vancouver  Wednesday making arrangements for  Film Service, for the next two  months. Amongst those booked, are  "Three Live Ghosts," being shown  at the Capitol Theatre, this week. Also "SATURDAY NIGHT" which was  run last week at the Capitol.   ,  4  A T. N. Ti Explosive of great strength,  safety and freedom from noxious fumes  No Headaches  Take advantage of the   Government   refund of  $2.50, tip to ten cases of powder, and blow  your stumps  Insurance of all kinds  ������������������     NOTARY PUBLIC  Marriage Licences Issued  REAL. EStATE^Mojiey to^Loam ou G������6d Earm Mortgages  Abbotsford  Malkin's Best Marmalade, per tin, ���������;...,..."78c  Corn Starch, 3 for -~-:-:~ "--' :--- ���������  2^c  Currants, 2 lbs. for .'..:.' ?  35c  Marmalade Oranges, per dozen  50c  Grapefruit, 4 for !.-.-. ----.  25c  Waterglass'i per can  ^c  A. G ANDREWS  Abbotsford, BC  SATURDAY, MARCH 11th, 1922  '"A FULL HOUSE"  \   featuring  BRYANT WASHBURN  Also, a 2 Reel Comedy "HIGH AND DRY"  II IIIIIIIIIIIIIBIIIIWjllllllllllllllllllll"IJiJI"l"l"11111111111111111 " L"~ "L"" ��������� ������������������MWUPHHHMm -���������IT���������  SATURDAY, MARCH 18, 1922  ETHEL CLAYTON  in  "EXIT, THE VAMP"  also  > A 2 Reel Dog Comedy  "BROWNIE'S BABY DOLL"  Mrs,  ville.  McLeod is visiting at Murray-  Probably  leaves turn  She���������What makes the  red in the fall?  He���������They are blushing to think  how.green they have been all summer.  The Eastern Star Lodge is hbldln*  a St. Patrick's dance on the 17th.  Mis. M. M. Shore has as her guests  this week, her sister, Mrs. S. Green,  of Williams Lake, B. C. and her father, Mr. Dash wood-Jones' of Now Westminster.  Real estate is booming in Abbotsford: Our real estate agent is' adding  another one-storey block to his present building.  Next Saturday, March 18th, at the  Local Theatre, will be shown,  ETHEL CLAYTON, in "EXIT-THE  VAMP." It is a delightful comedy-  drama, and Miss Clayton never has  been seen to.finer advantage'in any  Photoplay.  SCHOOL ROAK1) OBJECTS  J'i  H  I  7  i  iff  ft;  If.!  m  'Ml  MURRAYVILLE, B. C. March 6.���������fj  "Hitch your scowhouso alongside y  Langley or Matsqui property, but not 'j  on the boundary line." This will be.ij-  the ultimatum of the Langley school  board to a-man who of late has beeij&ij  sending his children to a Lanj  school. The Matsqui school boan  have refused to pay for the tuition c;  these children.  Mf  1.1  1  Mr. and Mrs. A. M'cCallum    spent  a few days at the coast this week.  New Westminster is-booming,. UV������  people are again for the first tim^  since October, drinking pure Lak|>  Coquitlam aqua pura.  Premier Oliver Is back  tawa, full of hope.  from    Oft'  If  w  1


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