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The Abbotsford Post 1919-07-04

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 ^^S  frSSfclMS  ���������wSi5aS  H  ���������������  mqSsJ''  E?tk������!<3TO  apt?  Hbl^U  imii  MBS??'  IM  WA  -���������?ii';rtj  Kncmu  ifflW.Wv3#l  raojng  v~ll^*J*ftj*-l  n^^  ���������^fk'4  11  &5������Kra:f  ���������v' F  7\  J*  A'-..1-������A..r-',.-,jr  (W  With which is incorporated "The Huntingdon Star"  ���������rr.'srrt  ��������������� ������ LJJJIW.**"***'*!  3B=  *j&>ij!r-  Vol. XVIIL, No. 7.  4BB0TSF0KD, B, C.  FRI1*>A.Y,. JULY     4, 1919  $1.00 per Year  S. KRAVOSKI, Proprietor  PERSONALS  scotch picnic  If your last job was  satisfactory  tell your friends  OXY-ACETYLENE WELDING,   BATTERY   CHARGING  EliEE AIR,-GASOLINE, TIKES, OILS, and  Have -Your Car Painted  By the Specialist from our Garage  CARS FOR HIRE   V  . Farmers' Phone��������� One short, one long, one short  B. C. Long DlstaBce���������36. 10 Al���������Residence Phoae  TRUSTEES  URGE  NEW  METHODS JN SCHOOLS  Tiie first convention of the Fraser  Valley School Trustees was held in  the Council Chamber of New Westminster City Hall on Thursday last  and was * marked by a strong and  serious determination to change and  Improve the education of the children  of the country.  jL-tut-gates eagerly availed themselves of the opportunity to express  their convictions on the question of  taking ths cost of, education from  local ratepayers and putting it on to  the state. The educated child is a  state asset and a benefit generally to  the whole, country.  The charge of teaching this child  should be borne by miner and lumber  man, rancher and fisherman. It is  felt very keenly that high school  areas should not be limited by the  municipal boundaries, but by physical and sociological definitions. New  settlers are coming in all over the  valley, changing the local centres of  population, schools and not be moved  to fit these changes and the only  practical solution is the consolidation o.C schools.  Mr. J. W. Berry of Langley feels  that the land is now' taxed for about  all it will stand for school purposes and yet the educational results are  not at all what they should be. Consolidation is becoming the solution to  all the rural problems, says J. C.  Robertson of Chilliwack and the people are now becoming reconciled to  the abandonment of the old one-  room school, as they see the great  advantage of the bigger graded  schools.  Inspector Martin advised that if  the department of education is to be  asked to bear a greater share in the  expense of high school education it  naturally follows that greater taxation must be levied to meet it. Consolidation, it was pointed out, will  cost more for the first few years, but  the results are far greater in proportion.. If all the improvements and  innovations asked for by educational  experts were granted it would cost  the country a sum equal to but one  week's expenses in conducting the  Great War.  ��������� Inspector Denton of the Cowichan  district of Vancouver Island, with  great experience in consolidation  schools, submitted'-that better teachers and teaching, more and better  equipment. Further it allowed for  the establishment &������ a school library.  In his opiniou J*hfc school children  were starved with lack of reading  matter in conn-^Ction with their"  study. There is j/iore in education  than learning dates and figures, and  a good school library selected judiciously, is worth its weight in gold in  developing the mind of the scholar.  Chairman Coulter of Burnaby  Sshool Board stated that their board  was spending $8 0,000 in educating  the children and these were mostly  transients and tennants. The cost was '  borne of course, by landowners, who  were taxed to the sum of $35 per acre  Now the land can not pay more and  a state  levy for education  purposes  should  be expected.  -  By unanimous resolution the department of education will be asked  to' define high sch ols areas, irrespective of school district areas, and  these high schools will be financed  and maintained "by the Provincial  Government, and further that a commission be appointed by the' department to enquire into the present  school system throughout the Fraser  Valley with the object of ootaining  consolidation' of the schools and the  establishment 6f domestic science,  manual training and secondary education in strategic centres.  A burning problem in Richmond  and Burnaby is the invasion of Orientals in'o .the schools. Chairman  Laing of Richmond said that the education of the Japanese and Chinese  children on Lulu and Sea Islands is  costing that municipality nearly  $1500 and of this sum the Oriental  contributed nothing. Japanese hoys  boys Id,., and' 20 were sitting adjoining white childien ,. in the primer  classes. The difficulties of this problem were in no way relieved % by-  some phases of the returned soldiers' settlements.   .  Br. Berry instanced several applicants on the settlement board who  were Japanese, negroes and Chinese  Such men were m every way entitled  to farms and educational facilities.  The convention felt that .this 'was a  subject on which the advice of tho  department should  be sought.  That returned soldiers suitable for  the profession be trained for teaching  is the sentiment of the trustees.  Such-men would make for permanent  masters of great influence in' the district to which they were appointed.  If was' resolved to urge upon the  government an increased inspection.  The rural trustees want to see the inspector more frequently and have him  stay longer. Fault was found with  the medical inspection which is said  sometimes to be very perfunctory and  where recommendations are made by  the health officer they are not taken  up by the parents. *  Probably a fund for necessitous  cases would meet a number of these  cases. The decision of the convention was that a campaign of education among the parents on the importance of cariug for the child's  health would be beneficial, and that  when the state took over in full the  education of the mind of tho child it  would also take in hand the development of its physique.  To this end the trustoes will continue to work for conslidation of  schools and general taxation over the  Whole state.  At the end of the afternoon's discussion on these'questions, Mr. Wm.  Coulter gave a most interesting address on tho Danish school system.  Mr. J. A. Hargltt of Hargitt Motors  limited reports the following sales  this week: An Overland to Mr. J. Mc-  Combs; A Briscoe to Mr.'A. Hitch; A  McLaughlin Special to Mr. S. H.  Crosby; A Gray-Dort to Mr. A. E  Miles; An Overland to Mr. James Mc-  Cormick.    Joe is a hustler, eh!  Mrs. McMaster is visiting in Bel-  liughiini this week.  Mrs. MeClenaghan motored to Vancouver on Tuesday with the Trethe-  wdys and spent the holiday thcer.  .Mrs.  Thomas motored to Belling-  'ham with Mr. and Mrs, Ham of Clay-  -'burn on July 1st.  The Misses Steede left on Wednes-  *day afternoon for white Rock where  'they intend to spend a week holidaying. Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Itowe will  occupy their .cottage during their ab-  ! sence.  Tho ladies aid met at the homo of  MrG Thomas on Wednesday.  Mrs. Swift's sister, Miss Lamb arrived on Saturday morning from  Montreal. 'She intends making her  home in B. C.  Mrs. Bucher and children, Mrs. McMenemy. and children were to White  Rock on -Tuesday, where they have  taken a cottage .for a month.  Miss Young fro mVancouver spent  the week end and tho holiday with  Mrs. Swift.  '  Mr. Jonathan   Fraser   spent   last  week end in Chilliwack.'  Mr. N. Hill and family have moved  into their new.home in town.  Mr. Thomas spent Sunday in Vancouver.  Rev. Mr. Robertson arrived home  on Thursday morning after six weeks  trip east. He will occupy the pulpit  on Sunday *  Mr. Menzies of Vancouver conducted the services bii Sunday last.  Mr. Eric-Weir, is back from Ash-  croft. ;   '        -.*���������...  Miss Hamam visited Tllis Misses  Steede on Sunday. ���������  ' Mr. and - Mrs, Bobble Shortreed  were visitors of Mr. and Mrs. Shortreed and Mr. and Mrs. Johnson this  week. :  The remains of the late Clarence  Gazley, who fell from a train west of  Winnipeg, arrived this morning, and  the funeral will, take place to the  Musselwhite cemetery on Saturday at  2 p. m. *  Miss Urquhart gave a farewell party for her pupils last Thursday evening in the Masonic halj. There were  a number of contests, games and a little dancing, dainty refreshments and  a good time. Mrs. Eby and Mrs. McGowan assisted through the evening  The girls presented Miss Urquhart  with a fountain pen and box of note  paper, while the four boys in the first  year high school gave her a book, entitled "Empty Pockets" and a box of  note paper.  Mr. and Mrs. Alanson were in AD-  botsford last Friday.   .  Miss Grace Kennedy was home for  the ween-end and the holiday. She  and Mrs. McMaster spent the holiday  floating on the water over Kennedy's  farm on si;mas Prairie.  There have been some auto accidents lately. Mr. Par ton's car collided with another car. ��������� Hilly brown's  "Bug" tried to find a ditch che oilier  day. The two garages started in to  find which one had the strongest  wheels, some wheels are so strong  that when anything gives away it is  the axle. Arthur Lamb after his auto  accident' round it necessary to go  home by train. But accidents will  liappen with; such narro wroads.  Items bl"Interest To Growers  A number of the Scotch people of  Chilliwack celebrated Dominion Day  in Abbotsford with sports on the  school grounds aiid had refreshments  noon and evening in the Maoonic hall  ,Dag pipo music waa the order of the  day.  Mr. Jasper Fadden intends to have  a goocr time the coming summer, at  least it wont be his fault if he dont  He expects his son home from the  front and it reported that both will  take a tour in their moving house,  which by the way is built on a truck  They will shortly leave for the first  lap of the long tour to California very  shortly, and intend going east of the  mountains. Wherever they go they  will always be home as the truck contains a kitchen and a parlor besides  a bedroom, and is altogether quite a  travelling car.  Few people realize that one of own  townsmen has turned inventor���������just  a handy little article that will prove  a boon to all the boys and girls who  have dull pencils. A small shipment  was delivered today as samples. A  well known eastern firm has the contract for about a million of these  which will probably retail at about  256 each. The editor now hos one  and can tstify to the excellent sharpening qualities of the little machine.  Just a few special friends are among  the privileged who will either have  to buy a sack of chicken feed or a  ton of coal to get one.  The bank looks nice with a new  coat of- paint.    Next!  B. C. RHUBARB JOOO'-ipJO  In 1009 the quantity of rhubarb  shipped to the prairies was small.  The shipments wwo only L.C.L. .express lots but the'returns showed  a profit to the producer. When tho  car'shipments started from B. C,  complaints on condition of arrival  were voiced by the houso that bought  it. This claim was not allowed, and  the car was sold by anothe-r concern  who found that this house that <  bought it had it practically sold, and  examination found the stock O. K.  Production increased rapidly until 2G  cars per season was reached. Rot  and decay set in 'at shipping end,  but this wasoffset by replanting. A-  'bout this time the prairie jobbers  commenced to buy heavily of Walla  Walla barb, therby forcing down the  B. C. prices "for superior new stock,  to met prices quoted by Walla Walla  on their end of seasons'inferior clean  up stuff. Our growers reduced their  acreage until we now supply only 10  per cent, of the demands. We aro  not a serious competing factor in ouv  natural market.  The Fraser Valley, we predict, will  again go into the rhubrab business,  butt heir-organization must be such  as to take care of and control the  distribution of it.  Mr. Arthur Taylor expects to leave  for Vancouver the beginning of tho  week. His little boy is about well  and may be home any day now.  Mr. and Mrs. Clarence McCallum  spent July 1st inAbotsfod with the  Ryalls and with the McCallums.  On June 28th the Strawberry market was reported firm by the market  comissioners. ,  Early cabbage from Walla Walla  is oslling at $2.3.5 per crate.  Gordon Head has shipped 12 cars  of strawberries to date.  Edmonton has bought two cars oi  Haney berries and both arrived on a  bare market. $3.75 per crate, Haney  pack good. Condition of arrivalgood  Haney berries selling in Edmonton  $5.00 to $5.25.  Raspberries on the prairie market  is bring $7.00 per crate for i-L qt.  NeAv Potatoes are worth 6 1-2 and  ~6 a pound.  B. C. Potatoes are worth Sob.00 to  $45.00 per ton.  Conditions on the Edmonton market are much better than they were  a week ago.  An excellent picnic was held on Mr.  Carter's place at Silverdale on Friday  last. Races, swinging and lots to eat  made the boys and girls happy and  maybe some of the grown-ups too.  On all Cash and Carry Orders I allow a  2 per cent, discount All Goods bought  from me are guaranteed. If not satisfactory I will exchange or refund your money.  SOAP���������  Golden West, 6 cakes in carton 25c  Royal Crown, 5,cakes in carton *bc  Sunlight, 4 cakes in carton ?.. . Zoc  COFFEE SPECIAL��������� * _  lib. for 55c; 5 lbs for M-M  Fry's Breakfast Cocoa 25c  DRIED FRUITS���������  Evaporated Apples ,No. 1 a lb ^oc  Prunes} per lb 20c  Currants in bulk, a lb..- '-*&c  / have just outfitted a man with  Furniture, House Furnishings,  Crockery, Hardware, Harness and'  Implements, on which he saved a  clear 10 per cent.  Get. my prices before you purchase  elsewhere.  Hill II atHUMBF*^"* If"* "���������"���������������������������������'  July Butterick Patterns in Stock  Canada Food Board Licence 'No. 8-19707  B.  C.  Phono,  4 Farmers'- Phone   1907  <L-.  -,  *���������B������������mK-^^ PAGK -TWO  Published Every Friday  J. A. Bates, Editor  and Proprietor  FRIDAY.   June   -1,   .1-9 LH  ', Canada as a nation began its career just fifty-two years ago on Tuesday. "In the life of a nation it is not  long, but many changes have taken  place during that 'time, and one day  it will become the 'most powerful in  production and population. ''  Tho great-statesmen who conceived the idea of the big confederation have long since passed out of  politics, but l,heir ideas we must all  admit have been the means of placinf*  Canada on the high proud pedestal  of  today.  After the war clean up has struck  Canada as it has other nations of  the civilized world; and we, hope our  present politicians will carry forward  in their straightcnlng-out of affairs  the same broad ideals as did the  great   fathers   of   Confederation. '  The aim should be to make Canada  great commercially, politically, morally, physically and educationally;  and a nation where the white nian  can boast, as being 'monarch of all  he, surveys.'  A raid on a labor temple is something that not many people thought  was coming to ��������� the members of a  labor party, but it is in the face of  circumstances' probably the right  and the proper thing to do. ' It might  havo been better however to have,  had all labor temples in Canada in  the cities where strikes have occurred raided at the same time.  However, we must not look upon  the labor temples as all seething  with sedition and, the men who congregate there as not loyal ritizens.  It is that individual who by his  loud voice and persistent grouch who  has gained control of the oTiccs in  the labor temples.  Men like Pritchard, Kavanagh,  Winch do not represent the true ideal of the labor man. Mission has  a very fair idea of Winch and if all  the agitators are of the same character and reputation thoy are not worth  following. Followers might fare  worse than the children of Israel if  ���������they obeyed the Wineh-Kavauagh call  oped. ��������� The first settlor was willing  to pack his goods on his back. In  the. next .generation more and'better  roads'were demanded; and since the  automobile has come , to slay���������al  least until the Hying machine has  taken ils place���������better roads are demanded. Somo parts of Ihoso roads  would not he too bad, provided thoy  were wider and less dangerous.  There are places on the Vale road  a rd ihe Dewdney Trunk road a .-J it  is used today, that it is dangerous  for anios to paris. There are aoci-  d'.nt,-; every day almost. The Chilli-  wac'< road along the mountain, iu  an excellent examp'o of the orool*el  narrow way to auto accidents; so  is the Dewdney Trunk road from Albion, to the Red Bridge, even the  boasted part, of the highway which  some of our odicials think.so grand  When cars have to climb the side of  the bank to let each other'puss it is  not giving the public a fair chance  for the faxes paid. Goats may paso  by one lying down and letting the  other walk over him, but it is impossible for autos to imitate this  with, advantage to  themselves.  The  present  season   is passing  a-  way   and   there   has   been   but   little  done in preparation  for better  Now  is  the  time'of  the  year  work should    be.   progressing  vigor and energy.  THE ABBOTSEOltD POST  l-l'or his meals.    Had it not been  William White, while   supervisor   of  the roads in this district, built miles  and   miles  of  lirst class roads   ��������� we  would   have  nothing  even   now  but  humps   and   swamps. , The   greatest  saving there is to the farming community and also to those living in the J  citv,' is good roads.    A bad road eouts*.  biji money for dolivery from country j  to' city   and   city   to   country.    And'  this   increased   cost  is  a   deplorable :  addition to the high taxefj now being  paid.    This is not a question ol politics;  on  the contrary, if is a question of cold business as if elfocfs every  man   in  the province no  matter  to" what party he may belong."-   '    ,  ������  roads  when  with  Good roads are, a necessity in the  province of British Columbia, as in  any other* country, and it should  bet ho duty of all. to agitate for good  roads*. There are roads in the Fraser Valley that are a crying disgrace  to  the  _  of British Columbia���������the present  government has no wbecn long  enough in power to have remedied  any defects of the former government.  There are two roads in the Fraser Valley under the control of the  provincial government and they are  both a howling disgrace to any body  of inon who are in Victoria for the  purpose of having the country clcvel-  Vancouvcr Sun: There are still  acute differences of sentiment: The  Maritime provinces even yet exhibit occasional flickers of ancient .resentments. Quebec guards it's peculiar institutions jealously. Ontario  cannot get over the habit of thinking  of itself as the whole show. The  prairies arouse criticism by persistently demanding,more than their fair  share of the common heritage. British-Columbia is really the only .part  cf the Dominion where almost everything is just as it ought to be.  We are pleased to see the Kamloops Standard-Sentinel assert itself  in regard to better roads in the last  issue, and says:  '"Before the last provincial session  adjourned the government/' said a  million or two of dollars would be  expended on the building and improving of roads in British Columbia.' Dr.  II-Lig, minister of public works, has  l crying u>sgr*n-t* (bor-.n spending considerable time  government  of  the" province ! down east as the representative    of  ' the Oliver government in arranging  fur   the   big   Liberal   convention   in  August.    Everybody knows that the  engineers   in   the   different   drstricts  are drawing their salaries. The peo-'  pie  know   that  not  for  many .years  have  the roads  boon  so  bad  in  the  province, and those driving over the .  province  in  autos say  that  it  is  as | good  difficult  to   find   a  man   working  on  the road as if is to find that man late  New Caiulian Book  The John C. Winston Co,, Limited  of Toronto announce the early publication of- "Canada's Sons and Great  Britain in the World War"..by Colonel, George CI. Naisinilh, 0. . C,  M. A., Ph. D., D. Sc, who served  with the Canadian lOxpoditioiuiry  Force in France and Belgium, with  an Introduction by General Sir Arthur Cii'rrie, Commander-in-Chief of  the Canadian Corps A great portion  of the book is'compiled from notes  made on the battlefield by Colonel  Nasniith. and flic descrip'-ons of the  various engagements, written by an  eyewitness, have an intimate appeal  that no amount of long-distance reporting could convey.  Some ot the chapter titles arc:  "Canada in War Time" "The Sailing  ot the Thirty-three Transports from  Canada" "The Canadians on Salisbury Plain" "The Princess Patricias  in Action" "Canadians Save the Situation at Ypres" "The storming o  Passchendacle" Keaping Our Canadians 'Fit" "The Canadian Auxiliary  Services" ".With the Canadian Airmen" "Canadians Win Mons" "The  itccord of the Canadian Army Corps"  Besides these purely Canadian topics, there are chapters devoted to  the Anzaes at Gallipoli, the great  naval fight at Jutland, the help given  by the United States, the blockading  ot The harbor, of Zeebruge by the  British. Navy, the achievements on  Italy, Japan and the other Allies,  and the dramatic revolution in Rus-  ia. Colonel Nasmith has dwelt mos  upon the splendid work of the Canadians, but he has-.interspersed a record of the'war on other fronts, so  that the reader is kept in constant  touch with conemporaneous happenings. -        *  This will be a large'-octavo -book  of over 600 pages? and will, oe copiously illustrated with maps and official photographs. Because of the  ivery large demand assured for the  book and in order to insure that this  will be recognized as the popular  history of Canada's Participation in  ���������the World War, it has been arranged  to sell it as low as $3.5 0.  The Slavery of the Shiftless  There are people you and I know  ���������whenever seem to be better off no  matter what they earn. If times are  times, are bad, times are normal, its all the same. They work  hard.    They keep plugging away, but  THE CHEVROLET  THE DODGE  YOU TELEPHONE  , .An observance, on tho part of telephone  users on the following suggestions will  save not only their time but will also assure them better service:  Look in the t'elepjiono directory and  be sure of the number.  . Do not call until you arc ready to  talk.  Speak plainly and  listen  carefully.  BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE Co.  Limited,  M  ii  Burrsugh's Adding  Tho Dodge Bros. Motor Cars have earned a wonderful reputation for  hemselves as being one of the best built cars in America,  They are durable, accessible and adjustable throughout.  The Dodge will be in this week.  PRICE, F. 0. B., Mission ....... -$1850  CHEVROLET and  DODGE CARS  issioB City  -J\  iines  402 Pender Street  VANCOUVER, - liC*  Easy. Terms      Free Trials  ���������thoy never get anywhere. They are  net the people who have had misfortune or trouble, and they se-em to  have had steady work. What is  th������ matter? They belong to the  ��������� Noble and Antedulivian Order of the  j Shiftless. They never learned that  1 100 cents won't buy $1.0") worth of  goods, pleasure or indulgence. They  never learned that if you spend a  dollar and 'ten cents when you havo  -only got a dollar and some credit  that you owe ten cents, and have  mortgaged your credit. They are always asking favors. Always borrowing. Always hard up. They are not  dishonest, or mean, or lazy, or anything but just shiftless.  The Thrift campaign is to teach  people how to begin to save. It is  not necessary to own a $100 to start  saving. You don't even have to have  leven to invest $10 to invest. $4  <will'buy you a gilt edged government  security at 4 1-2 per cent interest  compounded and return you $5 in  every five years for every $4 and  believe me the best of the big fii������n-  ciers say that $5 saved till'then w 11  buy what would cost you $7 to $8  today.    But perhaps you can t spare  HAIUliSTRR   and  SOLICPTOR  300 Rogers Hldg. Vancomcr  Counsel, J. Milton Price.  "S*h5KS  ^pn:a-'*p**nniiiuui,uiiuUU^  J. H. JONES  Funeral Director  AGENT   FOR   HEADSTONES  Phone Connection. Mission City  Dr.G.A.Pollard  Dentist  430 HASTINGS Street, W.  <Over C.P.R.  Tluk.  &  Tel.  Ofllccs)  VANCOUVER - B.C.  It is always well lo wrile or phone  Tor  npnointments  $4. Weil here's another proposition  Buv a 256 Thrift Stamp. Get a card  with it     When you have saved 16 of  them ������.he government will give you a  W. S. S. for them worth $r,. Now  will you make a start. Not ini.:h excuse for not doing it is theru?  Start now. Don't be "Just Shiftless." %  \*1  THE ABBOTSFORD POST  iiM���������'j-wirmiT <~into*jK- si^voa  rillNCI I 'A 5 j VVKM& (i K KM A N V  ��������� YIM M W: I \' KIG W 2N (j! ���������).' 1130 A T V  Tho big things Germany cmrrenders by signing the peace treaty are. -  ���������' Relinquishment, of Alsace-Lorraine  to Prance, I'osen and West Prussia  to Poland, of part of Schlcswig to  nonniai'k and of 3S2 siiuaro miles of  JMionish Prussia to Belgium.  The Saar coal basin to bo international ified for iiffoen years, pending a  plebiscite to determine permanent  control,' the coal, mines . going' to  Prance.  Luxemburg is free from lhe German customs union.  Germany recognises the, independence of Gorman Austria, Poland and  (JKOcho-Slovnkia.  Germany loses all colonies and her  valuable concessions in I'hiropo, Asia,  and Africa, and recognises the British, protectorate of Ugypt. ���������  The Germany army is to be cut  lo a temporary total strength of 20 0,-  000 men but ultimately must-lie 100,-  000.  Tho German Navy is limited to  Nix, battleships under 10.000 ton:-"  <*aoh. Hi.x light c.ruhiefs and twelve  torpedo boats, surreuderlnK or destroying all other  war vessels.    She  is to havo no more'submarines.     The  navy personnel is limited to 20,000.  ,��������� Military and naval air forces aro  abolished.  Munitions factories arc to be operated only by permission of the Allies  and import or export of war materials  is forbidden.  Heligoland defenses will be dismantled. ������������������ Fortifications' aiming at,  control of tho Baltic are forbidden.  , The Rhine and Moselle are put under the control of an international  commission, on which Germany will  be represented. The French, Belgians  and, other nations may run canals  from the Rhino, but Germany is forbidden to do ho.' German forts within thirty-three miles of the river will  be dismantled.  Other great rivers hitherto German, will he under international  control, the C/echo-Slovaks and Poles  having freo access to the Elbe, Oder  and other streams, and the Poles to  (he Niemcn.  The Danube will bo controlled by  an .international commission. The.  Kiel .Canal will be open lo all uat'ons  and the Czechs get harbor right:' at  thu mouth of the lillbe. .  "Gorman ruilroiidH must be of 'jtan-  dard^jiiugo and rights arc granted to  other powers to use them. Traffic  discriminations against outsiders are  forbidden. .   ,    -  Offenders against-the rules of warfare and humanity are to ue delivered up to'the Allies.- An interna-  tional high court bs provided for.trial  "of flic Kaiser, whose surrender will  be asked of Holland.  Germany's indemnify payment is  to bo fixed by an Inter-All led corh-  m.'ssTon. An initial payment of K,-  000,000,000 must/ be mado wiihir  tv.o years. Bonds running thirty  years will bo. issued for la'.or pay--  ni'jn-u. Occupation of the Rhine  coun.iy will continue until the a'HUs  aro assured of Germany's good faith  Germany lr.ust help build ���������f.'Mvs'to  ������������������eplace those she* sank, help roiur'M  devastated regions, surrender her'  fourteen submarine cables and cede  all German.ships over .1,000 tons and  many smaller ones.  She. accepts the League of Nation������  principle, but is barred from membership for tho present.  Her poaco treaties with llussia'and  Rouinania arc abrogatod and she recognizor?" tho independence of states  formerly Russian.  PREPARING ��������� FOR   TRANS - ATLANTIC   FLYING  (1) Lieut. Harris (on right) e:  (2) Starting large Crown kife  In future days when one takes a  casual flight across the Atlantic, in a  Detroit flying flivver, the success of  the trip ".can be credited to the British Air Ministry in general, the meteorological in particular and Lieut.  Guy.Harris, F.R.M.S., R.A.F., specifically.  Lieut. Harris arrived in St. John  recontly, the only passenge'r on  board the Canadian Pacific Steamship Montcalm. He Is the commander of the Atlantic' upper  air investigation expedition which  under 'the control of the Royal  Air Ministry will chart every  air current and make the air  route across the Atlantic as sure and  safe as the water pathway. Weather  news bureaus will also be inaugurated to furnish u.p-to-the-second information regarding all aerial conditions  , A representative of the press visited the vessel and examined the special apparatus with * which she was  fitted for the experiments. At first  sight it seems to be simple enough,  for it consists only of winches, Tire.  box kites, and ������ meteorgraph, but the  meteorgraph is itself a complicated  and intricate instrument, and kiteflying for scientific purposes it not  quite the schoolboy fun that many  people imagine it to be. The 'cites  lifted arc of three types, and the largest of these, which measures roughly.  8 ft. by G ft., exerts a pull In a  strong wind sufficient to strain the  holding power of four men.  Besides the box kite there is a  crown kite, 16 feet long and 12 feet  high, with a main plane and two,  keels; the keel kite is smaller and is  used mostly as a pilot kite to assist  the others up.   $  There are two winches, one placed  on the foc'sle deck for use when the  wind is aft, and the other for use  when the wind is ahead or abeam, Is  to be sent off on the gun platform In  the stern of the ship. By these means  the mooring cables which are of fine  steel wire very similar to marine  sounding cable will be kept clear of  ringing and derricks whatever may  be the angle from the ship at .which  the kite is flying.  When the soundings aro taken (wo  kites are attr.'chcd to tho cable-end  a pilot of light make and 400 fret  behind it one of the bigger box kites  carrying meteorgraph,   The all cur-  ���������cplainihg Crown kite to St John officers.  ���������box kite resting on the left. !  rents and varieties of atmospheric  pressure vary" in layers upwards, and  soundings * can be taken up to a  height of four or five miles. The  meteorgraph, a comparatively small  instrument combining three devices  in one, records at the same time, by  pen points marking a chart on a revolving drum, th*. humidity of the  air, atmospheric -pressure,, and the  speed of the wind, all factors of the  utmost importance in the consideration of flight.  If the 30undiTj������S eyporltncnts made  from the Montc.ilm are successful a  number of ship.s will be 'fitted forthwith with similar gear to that, wlr'ch  she is to carry. Soundings in great  numbers will lo tak^n, and the information obtained will be distributed  by wireless from ship to ship, and to  stations in London, Lisbon,, the Azores, and Newfoundland. There is  also to be an immediate, station or. a  battleship cruising on a'defnite area  between Newfoundland and the Azores. These are the points at which  it has already been decided by tho  ministry to establish ports of.call for  cross Atlantic air traffic. At each  there will te repair shops, spare  parts, store/1, and petrol for refuelling the auroplanos. 'The type of  machine to be us^d will bo a" "flying  boat" and thus when the proposed.  method of gathering news about weather conditions is in full working order, and when in a month's time official cros-������s Atlantic flight by afro-  plane begins, as it is hoped it will,  pilots will be able to have their machines overhauled to "refill," and to  learn the latest tidings of weather  ahead at five halts on the journey.  Thus the Air Ministry is reducing  the risks of Light to a''minimum.  It was-at first proposed that these  atmospheric readings should be made  using balloons of the type employed  by the Meteorological office in carrying out'daily leadings over land, but  there are mary objections to flying  balloons from ships. The kite which  is made of five linen stretched, between bamboos is strong'and-servjr.fi-J  able, and can be folded    away    for  storage in a tary small place, it "in.  also cheap to    make    and    qulc1:!**  turned  out.      It may be   remarked.  that-tlio officer f-lat'on'd  at Lisbon:  is to be allowed full-use cf fVob-J  servatory   there  for   gathering   weather news,    The   official  view    is'  that the prospects for cross Atlantic flights by aeroplane are entirely  favourable, and it is hoped to make  the journey without touching the  Azores. Early news of conditions  ahead will have the greatest influ-^  'ence on the success of the venture.  Lieut. Harris said that there were  many difficulties experienced in the  kite flying at sea, but thanks to the  valuable assistance of Captain Hamilton and other members of the ship's  staff everything worked out remarkably well. It is a far different  thing, he stated, to fly a monster kite  from ��������� a moving, lurching ship than  it i(5 f"oni the steady ground. It ia  very difficult to get the kite away  from the ship, and for a long 'time  ho had to puzzle out a method of  getVmg the recording instruments up  to the kite after the ascent had been  successfully made. To the r best  of his knowledge, kites had -  been flown from ships only once  before, anil that long before the present war. During the voyage, across  he had made several alr'nude- flight.s  of 7.800 feet, and many over 6,000  feet. ,. !  - The air service mentioned above,  he added, will be used and charted  for every sea and will cover a service of airships and the larger heavier-! han-alr craft, as well as 'planes*  >'s records-made, during the voyage  across aro. in rough shape and of  course nothing can be published le-  garding the trip until the official reports have been passed through the  ministry at London. But, he added,  "I am very well pleased with the results'" obtf-'ned and I can state without qualification that the expedition,  so far, has been most successful."  Mr. Harris Is a fellow of the Royal  Moteoro'ogico.l Society, and has be������n  engaged in scientific pursuits for the  paat 18 years, making his first experiments when but a mere lad. Ho  had been engaged in scientific kiteflying-several years before th? war  brokr* out. and his services were  keenly appreciated by the air service.  For three years he has been attached to the Royal Naval Air Servian ophra.tmg around the British  In I o.s and Dunkirk in anti-submarine  work. It has been frequently stated  tbn.t theirc never has been a ship at-  fr-ckTl In- ihe Gorman !T-l-oats while  U vyaa convoyed by a flyer/ ���������,>  PAGE THREE i  S3  Continent's Premier Trained Animal Exhibition  ���������AND-  100   Peoplo Animal   Talent  Galore  tS-pie'cc   Hand  -ONE DAY ONLY-  100 Trained Performing Animals  INCLUDING  jMorrMt He lew and his' Troupe  ['of.(JO  Highly  Educated   Shetland     Ponies  ' and     Dancing  T an g o i n g      11 i g h    School  ��������� Horses     ���������   .  25 PERFORMING CANINES-  caplivating,'. pleasing Doggies  in a remarkable series of  Avonrlerful  exhibitions.  uperb Pony Military Drill,of the Allies  Monkeys from afar ��������� active,  agile, chattering Simians, almost human in their actions  and   antics.  Chester���������Talking Horse.  Kelly���������"Riding Monk.  Sport���������"Wire   Walking   Dog.  January���������Rucking Mule,  tiluftch���������Loop-the-Loop  Monkey. '���������  Daring, Death . Defying Circus, Aerial ..and Iron Jaw  Artists.  Unexcelled Troupe of Acrobatic ..Barrel Jumpers and  Hand  Balancers.  Regular Troupe- of Old-  Fashioned Clowns and Circus  Jesters. ;  Buller's--Famous Concert  Band  DAILY AT "KAOI-I PERFORMANCE  Wonders   and   Surprises.  Animal   Actors   Galore.  $3,000   New .Circus   Calliope.  Comedy Jugglers.  Grand Glittering, Glorious Free Street Parade  DAILY AT  ti A. M.  Under Mammoth Canvass Amp  hitheatro in all  its1 Entirety  WILL   POSITIVELY   APPEAR    TWICE   DAHA'  Wflte&wwaaSB  ^t**       ������ <4*h>      isjft IF 4-*><-|-*ViJ '���������CA PAGE SIX  THE ABBOTSFORD  POST,  ABBOTSFORD,  g'jm<.m,"l ,._.*, JL-liJL-U*!!!  ill'   '������������������'������������������iiihiiii  i   mi ii minium  *Hf jj ��������� Jl ji iriri*--r���������'���������_  THAN THE BEEF, PORK, VEAL and other Fresh Meats  Purchased from ' '  WHITE & CARMICHAEL  Successors to C. Sumner  US A TRIAL FOR' A MONTH AND BE CONVINCED  GIVE  B.   c.  Plionc   4 1,  Farmers' J'hont*  1000    ;  Licen.sd No. 0-12923  Abbotsford, B.C.  9  A.r..kl :..aa.li������iiai  should  I"- ���������������������������'���������������������������-  Mfl^JllllllfW  Your Buildings  cent more than  increased.  against   Fire,  a  few   years  Because   rebuilding  ago.     Yet-Insurance  costs   100  rates   have  per  not  j.:'il  H. 0. HARTLEY,  Abhoisfod, B. C.  Jicjm:sc:itiiu������'  Board  Companies  Only  Maple Ridge  The schol trusteed met on Saturday afternoon in the municipal hall,  Haney.  Mrs. T. Paterson and Mrs. Robertson interviewed the board primarily  to ask the trustees to exert, their influence in persuading Miss Orr> to  withdraw her resignation as teacher  of the Haney public school, but. the  conference drifted naturally into a  general discussion on educational *if-  fairs in the municipality. The ladies  assured the trustees that the parents  of Miss Orr's pupils we're anxious that  her services should be retained.  Chairman Buchanan and Secretary  Piatt informed the deputation (i_ that  Miss Orr's reason for resignation was  a family one and that she desired an  appointment nearer home on domestic  grounds.  Then the consolidation of schools  question was discussed. Secretary j  Piatt declaring it was tho talk of the j  Fraser Valley and a consummation ���������  generally desired to enable children [  .in rural districts to get similar edu  cational facilities as city children.  Trustee Davidson opined   that  expense of transportation   would  counterbalanced by    the    saving  teachers salaries, administration  penses and that the concentration  bv  Janitor  Hod dis  At  and  the trustees'  sense of the inadequacy of the remuneration the janitors' salaries were  increased all round to $10 per-room.  Miss Paterson of Webster's Corner-*  School earnestly desired a transference to a vacancy in Haney public  school even at a lower salary and a  largely signed petition of parents  were even more soliticous that she  should remain at Webster's Corners,  where she was greatly appreciated.  Unless Mists Patterson accedes to the  request of the petitioners her application "will be dealt with as a new one  at next meeting.  ��������� A similar course was adopted with  regard to Miss Deen's appliction for  a transfer from South Lillooet.  * The trustees decided to apply to  the department to extend Miss Hand's  teacher's permit. It was pointed out  that the certificate was a first-class  one from New Brunswick, but. although there was reciprocity in these  diplomas with Alberta it was not the  case with the eastern provinces which  was considered an anomaly.  j     Marketing Of Poultry  Products  the  be  in  cx-  of  instruction would be beneficial in every.waiy. Ruskin and Whonnock were  he thought too far distant from tho  centre of the municipality, however,  for one consolidated school.  Trustee Aikman, referring to the  cost of one large school of; hypotheti-  cally, nine rooms, deplored the niggardliness of the present government  and contrasted its educational policy  with its predecessor's, to the disadvantage of the present. The old government defrayed the whole cost of a  nov, school when approved, but thd  present regime would only contribute i and often.  40 per cent, and did not ev?,n guar-[-should be  an tee. that. j  Trustee Giffin counselled the hulks I  to do with  any poultry  successfully  the market-  is  not pro-  to onirark upon  eating the peoplo  !ts benefit 'X.  The chairman  true solution of  a campaign of edu-  (o consolidation and  sold separate from  The eggs should  considered    it    t!ie  educational ditlicul-i  ties in the district and that it would  be the question put before the rate- ���������  payers at the annuai    election    next j  January, when Trustees Phi ft, Giffin  and his own terms of office would expire.  Scvoral other mat tors connected  with the superior schols and high  school examinations were discussed.  Principal Price of Haney Superior  School reported at length on educational affairs in his school and the  detrimental effects -f tho inllue.nz*-.  .-'epidemic and vexatious changes in the  curriculum of the high school entrance examination and text books.  Mr. Price suggested reforms and as  a result of his communication lhe  trustees passed a resolution that the  education department take into consideration the advisability of extending to principals of superior schools  the duty of deciding whether a child  should ho promoted to high school  classes.  Trustee Aikman ridictih-d the examination papers he had seen for last  year and quoted as a sample absurdity  the question put to a child of thirteen.  "What was the morale of the people  under the Hanoverian regime?"  Other criticisms of the system were  freely made, Secretary Piatt observing that the authorities could have a-  dopted no better plan to keep children from going in for the high school  course.  As a result of a written application  by Mr. H. Phillips, a personal appeal  Marketing has much  the success or failure of  plant. No matter how  the plant may bo run if  ing end of the business  perly looked after the whole enterprise will sooner or later end in fail-  ! urc.  The sooner the eggs are in the  hands of the consumer the. greater  the satisfaction and consequently the  better the price received.  Every producer should get the  best price possible for his products  and to do this it is necessary to pay  particular attention to their quality  and the season at which the products  are sold.  Eggs should he gathered regularly-  All small and dirty eggs  retained for home use or  the rest.  be neatly packed  if for private trade, they are made  ���������more attractive if put into .neat cartons.  Thq pull is should be early so  tho production will be heavy. Jf at  any time during the season the eggs  become so plentiful as to cause a glut  in the market forcing down the price  to the cost of production it is" often  advisable to use a good preservative  and put away the surplus for the period of scarcity which invariably follows.  Immediately following "the spring  lay"   the  flock should   be gone over  and all useless cock birds and those  hens  that show  they  intend  to  rest  'for the summer, should  be nut into  crates and fed heavily for a weak or  ten   days  and   then  sent   to   market  tcither   live   or  dressed   according  to  ���������market   requirements.     This   culling  should  not all be done at one time  but  gradually  as   occasion   requires,  hut it should be the aim to get the  culling over with  as far as possible  before the time'for'marketing'broilers',   as   the   prices   for   fowl   always  drop after that.  Aim to produce the highest quality j  product: to market it in the best con  dition: to ask and to receive the high  est market price.  ��������� 'im ^_-xmu'^mt���������  IXCItlSASEJ) ICING CHARGES  As advised April 2f)th increased  i.'.ing charges and chargos for salt be-  ���������c.'.me effective in specified territory  May 2 6th.  In this connection the carriers were  asked to submit particulars of the  items of cost upon which they relied  for 'justification of the proposed in  crease. These figures, which cover  regular and emergency icing stations-  have been supplied by the Canadian  Pacific Railway for the period from  duly. Jst to, December 3-1, 1018, and  ���������show an average cost of %������.51 per  ton for the ice. The different items  included in this amount aro freight,  storage, shrinkage,' switching, fuel (  and labor, but no charge is made fori  superintendence, etc.       . ���������    i  I ho icing charges in eastern territory were raised ��������� last, year and the  .'���������lanket icing in transit charges of  ���������filC.00 .per car on shipments destin-  jd to*points in Ontario and Manitoba  ���������win $2 0.00 to Saskatchewan, Alberta  md British Columbia, were cancelled  The cancellation of this provision  .v'as the cause of several complaints,  is consignors had no way of knowing  ���������the exact cost laid down at destination. British Columbia shippers have  experienced similar difficulties, owing  to tori IT changes and are urging for  a blanket refrigeator charge to the  prairies. ��������� -  There is a difference of opinion,,  however, as to whether the blanket  charge is preferable to a per ton  basis, and ' in order that wc may  have the wish ot the majority of  those interested in fruit shipping, wo  would appreciate opinions iu regard,  ���������thereto.  FUXKKATi OF  LATE JOHN  CVNKIL  (From the Fniflcr Valley Record)  The funeral of the late John O'N'iil  vvas held from the family residence  .lcar Ferndale to the I. M. O. cemct-  ���������iry, followed by friends and acquaintances, ��������� all of whom respected the  rlcc'oased as a man of many sterling  ���������unlities and always a friend.  The decesaed was born on June  2J.Kt, J.8G4 at Claheeh County, Tip-  pcrary, Ireland and died on June 2Gth  iDifl." .        '      ,  In May 1S72 he was married to  Mary Moore of the same place. They  emigrated to Canada in 18 82 settling  in Nova Scotia at Amherst, and in  1901 reached the Pacific coast settling on the present homestead, where  real pioneer work has been done al!  these years.  Surviving the deceased are the  widow and six children and twenty-  four grandchildren: John with the  Robb Engineering co.-, Amherst, N. S.  William with the Granby Consolidated Co., Anyox, B. C, Thomas with  Ritchie C. and S. Co., Vancouver and  Agnes (Mrs. E. Lancaster), Victoria,  B. C, Gertrude (Mrs. C. H. Watson)  Victoria, B'. C, Alice, principal of the  public schools, Cumberland, B. C.  A large number of friends sent  tokens of respect many arriving after  the funeral. The pallbearers were:  Messrs H. F. Page, W. J. Manson,  Wm. Taylor* J. McGillivray. A. Parr  and E. Lancaster.  The bereaved family have the sympathy of all iu this their time of  sadness.  Public Changes Auto Attitude  With the tremendous increase in  the use of the automobile has come a  decided change in the attitude of the  purchasing public. A decade or two  ago buyers were often influenced by-  considerations which today seem immaterial. Some sought the most expensive car, some the heaviest, some  the machine which had achieved the  highest speed in the most recent  races.  Since the automobile has become a  necessity standards have changed  Experience has taught the motorist  that price is not always an accurate  indication of quality, that heavy cars  mean undue expense in upkeep, and  that the car which gains speed supremacy in the abnormal test of a  race is not necessarily the best car  adapted to the normal requirements  of the average man. High price, excess weight and racing speed, then,  have been generally discarded as criteria.  "The new standards are economy  in price, economy in operation and  beauty in designs���������  onomy in gasoline "  The Chrevolct car  above requirements.  -particularly   ec-  answers all the  TAYLOR & HUMPHREY  (Late Henderson & Taylor)  CIVIL ENGINEERS & SURVEYORS  Box 11 Abbotsford, R. C. Phone 31X  *=  Owing to the confusion in mail  orders of this medicine we are advancing the price from $5.20 to .$5.50  end paying all charges. This will  give our many customers quicker  service.  Sole  Manufacturers  1SWS. GEO. S. ALMAS  524 4th Avenue,  North, .Saskutooon  Either our bread or our buns are delightful for sandwiches, in fixing up a basket of lunch for a picnic or other form of  outing. They satisfy that healthy appetite which is developed by contact with  nature and give you strength with which  to endure fatigue. You will want to take  along some- knicknacks in ,the form o:  cakes and the like with which our pastry ���������  counter always abounds. Try us for the  next picnic.  Llconse No.  8-38G38 .'*? V 7 '������������������' '' '  License  No.   5-1088  ALBERT   LEE,   Grocer   and   BaKer  See me now about that Insurance  J i!A~'������������   J jLv������/������  ���������  I have a largejafidgspl-endid; supply cf  Raspberry Gfones Ur sa-le*at low prices.  Finest quality. ��������� .  !cCallum  Abbotsford  ADVERTISING  On the claim that it is "Cheaper Advertising" than  newspaper advertising, a good many unnecessary advertising schemes are sold to business men.  The plans for buying are usually made in the home at  the warm fireside, not when the family is on an amusement jaunt . ���������      '  Supplementary advertising includes  outside of newspaper advertising.  all   advertising  exan  Farmers' and Travelers  trade solicited.  Newly Furnished .  Thoroughly Modern  MURPHY,  PROPRIET  HUNTINGDON. BC.  *.../  D  BUTTE  Now is the time to get your supply ������f Butter Wrappers for  summer months.  Get them at BATES' PRIMPING OFFICE. .  EmnnwssR*?^^


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