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The Abbotsford Post 1914-12-11

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 *"'i  i '  *  /)  Victoria,  B.   C.  Provincial Library.  With which is incorporated "The Huntingdon Sta2*"  Vol. IX., No, 11.  .ABBOTSFORD,   B, C, FRIDAY, DECEMBER11, 1914  8.  $1.00 per Year  r.  ���������*%  That's what you pay for and that's what you get   by  dealing with us.    We will   always make, it'  a point to secure the best the mar-  -\       ��������� ket    can   supply  LUCAS AT AltROTSFORI)  '" " ON MONDAY EVENING  ^i^i  PATRIOTIC CONCERT FOR THE BELGIANS  (.i  us   in  9  rm  General  loots  Prompt and carefuLdelivery service  to  parts of town.  all  We   are  ALSO   Agents  for Purity Flour;*.--We also  handledi Five" Roses,7Royal Standard'Wd'B/.arid'K. Flours  Mr. Lucas, M. L. A;; spoke in  Abbotsford, on Monday evening  on', farm Credits and; the work  of the Eraser Valley Development League. There twas quite  a large audience who, appreciated the programme outlined .'by  Mr. Lucas, which is.jpracticaliy  the same as that -now in force  In'.New Zealand. ,    fj  He spoke in Mission City on  Tuesday evening.,'- i  , He was accompanied by Messrs Prank McKenzie, M. L. A.  C. Stuart-Wade, J.- W? Cunningham. . !' : ';'  ' After the. meeting- the, visit  ors were entertaiho^by the local Conservative Xslociation;  fassssssss  A concert will; be ��������� given in  thej Huntingdon School, Friday,  beDecember 18th. A collection  will be taken up for the war re-  ief fund.  Si  Say," don't fogret the "Spinster's Return" at the Alexandria  Hall, on Thursday evening next  The farce is the sequel to the  stratling convention of the Old  Maids held some: time ago.  Tomorrow," Saturday, Mr. B.  C. Hilliam and, his versatile  concert company are due to appear at the Alexandria Hall at 8  p. m. There is expected, to be a  bumper crowd.   !  It is probable that the proceeds of the ministerial entertainment to be given here on  December 30 will go to the relief of the Belgians.  New tenants are on the Mc-  Lagan ranch at Maple Grove,  at Clayburn.   '  Tonight:   Can  Alexandria Hall.  party in the  ' Improvements are noticed to  have been done at ' the local  post officie additions having  been made to the wicket. - The  peep hole at Teddy's old stand  has been widened;  ABBOTSFORD BOYS  MEET BRAJ)NER BOYS  A very interesting    football  match was played at Abbotsford  'last Saturday when the Abbotsford boys beat    the: \Bradner  boys-by 3 goals to nothing. The  goals were scored by&H-. Walters  J.,01sen and ELvChester.^:-The  locar boys can"-certainly; play  football, and it, was no disgrace  teethe "visitors to-be beaten- by  such/a,clever team:    Two weeks"  ���������.previously ;Abbotsford" - visited  Bradner with   a'* weak   team  which had been got together at;  a few hours^ notice but never  theless they were conquerors to  the extent of two goals to one  It is  anticipated .  that    more  games - will be played between  these two schools.  Mr. A. McCaiium returned after spending, several days in  Vancouver.  Mr.A.-C. Salt, who is still a  patient at tire Sumas Hospital  is improving satisfactorily.    *  DRY GOODS, MILLINERY,   LADIES  AND CHILI)! MSN'S UNDERWEAR,  HOSIERY,  GLOVES, CORSETS, NOTIONS,  V FANCY   HANDKERCHIEFS,       NECKWEAR  BLOUSES,     BOYS'   CLOTHING, GENTS'  '  FURNISHINGS,   ETC., ETC.;.  ���������A Store of Quality, Moderate Prices,  Courteous Treatment and a  Square Deal    to    All. \  Magnificent Assortment of Christmas Novelties and Toys  J      SPECIAL NOTICE  Ladies' and Children's Millinery to clear Regardless of Cost.  Big Reduction in Ladies,' Boys' and Girls Sweaters,  Children's Muffs, Stole s, and Outer Garments.  ' There have been some prolific morning flights of ducks here  during the last few days.  Mr. Harry. Croft, one time  machinist at the Kilgarde plant  was in Abbotsford on Tuesday  and Wednesday renewing acquaintances with friends here.  He stayed at the Abbotsford Ho  tel returning to Vancouver on  Wednesday.  Local ..musical talent will assist at" a concert at Aldergrove  this evening.  The patriotic concert promoted by the Misses Steede and their  talented, pupils was held on Wednesday evening,' Dcemeber 9th  at the Alexandria Hall, and proved an unqualified success in every way. There was a very large attendance of the tows' people, who repeatedly showed, their appreciation of the various  numbers rendered, in fact it must have been a source of surprise  to many that Abbotsford possessed- so- much musical talent a-������  mong the rising generation. Ever number rendered showed,  careful preparation and training and especially was this noticeable in the "Action Song" "Butterfly Dance"."Hoop Drill" and  "Good Night Song and Drill,'' The training of the girls who took  part in the drills and .dances was done under the tuition of Mrs.  Geo. C. Clark to. whom much, credit is due. An orchestra,' composed of Miss Jackson, violin, Miss Henderson, piano, Mr. Ricks  'cello, and Mr. Campbell, cornet,, rendered some-excellent selec-,  tions "during the evening. A special feature was the distribution  of certificates,to the various pupils who had.been successful in  the musical examinations held under the auspices of the Royal  Academy and the Royal College of Music, whose headquarters  are London, England. The following were the successful certificate holders: Primary Certificates: Evelyn McMenemy (dis-r  tribution), Christian McPhee, Ida Boulter, Lome McPhee.  Elementary:   Mabel  Sasseville,  Harold Cobley  and -Donald  Fraser. ���������'   '       <    , "  Lower Division; Ida Fraser.   ,  Higher Division:  Bertha Ayling, Helen McCaiium.  Local Centre': Intermediate: Miss Mabel Nelson. '-.   -  >  .Grammar of'.Music: Bertha Ayling. -  -Owing to sickness��������� Percy Peele was not able to attend the  examinations but,he did so well that his teachers wished to  recognise'his efforts during the terni-and gave hinta book, as a  ^prize^-V^~/;-";^v"-t;^:-> r ;-. \.-., ^ ;.'���������"'*���������'���������'<.'���������; ~^?-r. ?.'-w- -:--:--> ���������-'.���������';; -  A very; unique-number was the "Christmas Toy' Symphony-';.'  which-was splendidly done:without.the-aid of the "baton".;One;,  would not expect to\hear-anything about harmony but. from  theyariojis1 and: odd -"toys" used'in this, perfected "harmony all  the way through and would stand-repetition any old day'or time  Mr. Chas' Hill-Tout performed the duties of (chairman- in his  usual suave manner.    At the'conclusion of the programme Mr. >  J. F.  Boyd proposed a hearty'vote of thanks\to the Misses.  Steede and those who had assisted those talented ladies in their  noble efforts.    Every -one present seconded the motion.  The following was the programme:.  -.  March, Orchestra; Duet, Flying Doves, Chrisina McPhee and  Lome McPhee; Solo, Souvenir, Annie Hart; Solo, March from  Carmen, Harold Cobley; - Action Song, Christmas Stockings by  tthe pupils; Duet, Bird of Paradise, Vivian Peele and Percy Peele  Solo, Buglar's March, Gwen Tapp; Solo, Bells of Christmas, Mabel. Sasseville;Buterfly Dance; Duet A May Moving, Marie Scots-  void and Helen McCaiium; Solo; Christmas Bells are Ringing,  Ida Boulter;, Solo, March of the Hobgoblins, Evelyn McMenemy  Solo Melody in F. Bertha Ayling; Chrstmas Toy in Symphony,  Duet, Trot de Cavalerie,-Vivian Peele; and A. M. Steede; Solo,  March of the Brownies, Donald Fraser; Hoop Drill; Duet, A.  Hungarian Dream, Ina Fraser; and Miss A . M. Steede; Solo,  Slumber Song, Helen McCaiium; Solo, Home Sweet Home, Mabel Nelson with others; Action Song, Good Night Song and Drill;  Solo Chorus, Tipperary, Miss Lucy Parton and Boy Scouts.  The new officers elected at  the semi-annual election of the  local Oddfellows are N. G., G.  WvGillett; V. G., J. E. Vanetta  Sec. G. C. Clark, treasurer, A.  McLellan.  Mr. R. A.! Tretheway, of this  town, expects to leave shortly  on a health trip to Honolulu.  Messrs .Steve O'Brien and J.  B. Simpson, of Vancouver, were  out here on Wednsday looking  for real estate.  BELGIAN  CONCERT  COMMITTEE  RECEIVE  LETTER  Dear Sir: I would express my sincere thanks for the furtber  contribution from Abbotsford to'the Belgian Relief Fund, and  eii'Juse onViai lecni,';* lor your cheque of the-5th ins.  I hope the residents of Abbostford will enjoy every happiness  this coming festive season. 1 am sure that the thoughtful help  you have given to the needy in far off Belgian will further add  to the enjoyment and comfort of your own homes. Yours truly,  J. M. Whitehead, Consul for Belgium, Vancouver. B. C.  ' The funeral took place at Bel-  lingham on Tuesday of a brother-in-law of Mrs. E. J. McMas-  ter.  Skinney. Pyke and Charlie  Lawson of the Leland Hotel, of  Vancouver, were here on Wednesday calling on their way to  Duckdom.  Mr. and Mrs. McRae, who  have been visiting at the Hut-  ton home returned to Rockport  on Wednesday.  To the regret of a large circle  of their friends here Mr. and  Mrs. Mark Stein and family removed to Stettler, Alberta, on  Wednsday by the evening train  Mr. Stein, a few days ago, had  his pool hall closed down by  the authorities owing to some  technicality in the trade license  act; affecting the transfer of  pool hall licenses.  Y Mrs/W. L. Longfellow returned home last week after  an extended visit to the East.  <?(  c&  m  ._4  ^n^S^^^V������0**"*'  j v** *������ jw^ vrwi** fxiiTUffb *p/y. M>iJ *J:?-',E AfTrJT'&t,  rasBcnr  V .*
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*<B& A��&6Tsftoftt> P6&% Assowoftb. a. e.
Published Every Friday by The Post Publishing Company
A weekly Journal devoted to the interests of Abbotsford and district
Advertising rates  made  known - on  application
-Neither   for. nor. agin'  the. Government
Our   Shibboleth-
actually became a reality, which he says it will, n B C. and
the Fraser Valley Development League can establish central
selling aggency where the farmers would, get full benefit for
their toil on the soil, there would be hundreds of happy and
m-osperous farmers in the Fraser Valley with smiles that would
only be equalled by the way the banker, the storekeeper and
even the editor would welcome them when they come to. town.
Then and with true loyalty and truth could we advertise the
Fraser Valley as an ideal place, for the intending settler-and
do it with a sense of honor, knowing that he would have the
full benefits of his toil. . '      ���   >
The one great trouble with the coast cities of our province
is that they have grown faster than the farming community of
the Fraser Valley, and instead of being consumers of what the
Fraser Valley produces now, have imported the actual necessities of everyday life, from a foreign country; so that instead
of the city helping to build up onr own fair province their money
has gone to enrich a foreign people. Look.at the state ol
business to-day in Vancouver and New Westminster, and >see
how such a scheme has worked out to the, advantage of the
city! It all speaks for itself. - <
���" -To'Mr. Lucas, M. L. A., we say keep boosting your scheme,
it Will be the salvation of the Fraser Valley and of all who settle
on our rich and fertile valleys in British Columbia; when the
farmer can'enjoy the fruits of his efforts. It will then be a
truly fair province���the brightest gem in the crown of the
It is a splendid thing to be a Britisher now. We are in the
" presence of a great suffering, but we are also the sharers in a
great" prize. The war is not going to end speedily; we are
, not going to escape news from time to time that may be unpleasant; but there are strong evidences, as Premier Asquith
points out, that the war will be brought to an end sooner
than some pessimists have thought. , Then will a manof. .German descent stand up in our country, and to our face say that
he" is of German descent and that he is proud of it. He may but
he won't feel like saying it out joud.
"The invasion of Belgium'has changed the whole face of affairs As by a lightning flash; the issue was made plain; the
issue of sacredness of law. The rule of the soldier or the rule
of> the'citizen;' the rule of fear or the rule. of. law. Germany
stands for?the rule of the soldier.. This,was made clear when,
. a year ago, she passed, under the yoke at Zabern. Britain stands
for the rule of law.'< In spite of her lapses in Imperialism; the
soldier & still the- servant" of the people, not their master."
These-words are iised byDr: David Starr Jordan, Chancellor
of :Leland Stanford'Uiiiversity, Calfornia,- in a striking message
to: the* people of the United States. Dr. Jordan, who is one of
America's leading* educationists and a profound student of the
European politics, was in Germany when the war begun, following, a visit to the Balkans. What he says'with regard to
the-causes of the great struggle is therefore of more than ordinary interest.    To his country he writes:
"In this war, what of right and what of wrong? Not much of
right perhaps and very much of wrong. But there are degrees in
wrong* and sometinmes, by comparison, wrong becomes almost
rights     - -     - ���      ��� .
Dr. -Jordan makes it'clear that the peoples of Europe do not
hat^ohe another-but that the springs of war come from a few
impelled thy: greed and=glory. Diplomacy in Europe, he points
outr.has for-years-largely been the cover for robbery in Asia
or Africa.'r He continues:
"The highest conception of human relations is embodied in
the word law: . Law is the framework of civilization. Law is the
condition of security, happiness and progress. War is the denial
of the law. It makes scrap paper of all the solemn agreements men and nations have established for their mutual good.
'Parchment is parchment,' said the German Chancellor in 1911,
'steel i is/force.'
"The rape of Belgium made scrappaper of the parchment of
International law. The sowing of mines in the fairways of
commerce ,made scrap-paper, of the rights of; neutral nations.
The torture of the Belgian people made scrap-paper of the rights
of noncombatants.
"War may never be righteous, but it is sometimes honorable.
In honorable war armies fight armies; armies do not fight private -.citizens^ If armies give no needless provocation they will
receive none.' The sacking of- Malines, Aerschot, Dinant is no
act :of honorable war. The wreck of Louvain, historic Louvain,
five hundred years the venerated centre of Catholic erudition, at
the hands of blood-drunken soldiers, was ah act of dishonorable
war. It makes a stain on the record of Germany which the
years .will not efface. 'A needed example,' say the apologists for
crime..: The Duke of Alva gave the 'needed' example to these
people in his day. For centuries the words 'Spanish Blood'
struck horror into people's hearts.throughout the Netherlands.
For ..centuries-.to come the word 'Prussian' will take its hated
place. ���'
"The good people of Germany do not burn universities. They
are helpless in the hands of a monster of their own creation.
The affair at Zabern a year ago testified to their complete subjugation. All the'ivirtues are left to them save only the love of
.freedom.    This the mailed fist has taken away.
"The Germany of today is an anachronism. Her ideals in
science are of the twentieth century; her ideals in politics are of
the sixteenth.      Her rulers have made her the most superb
fighting machine in a world soul-weary of fighting. For victors
in shining armour the modern world has no place. It will not
worship them' it will not obey them'. It will not respect'those
who either worship or obey. It 'finds no men good enough to
rule over other men against theiir will.
. "A great nation which its own people, do not control is a
nation without a government sea. ' It is a danger to its neighbors,^ greater danger to itself. Of all the many, issues good or
bad which may come from this war, none ?is more important
that this; that the German people should take possession of
Germany^" ,    .    ���'. ���   ;
��� The world cannot calculate, what Prussian militarism has
cost her,>and no peace.can be established except by carrying
the war to a final conclusion. The arrognat governriient which
did not hesitate to precipitate the conflict, will be.its first victim.
And every day will make more terrible the condemnation which
awaits it    - .'���,.'.;:
���    h GETTING THE BUSINESS ;.    '    ' "
The advertising space in a newspaper is the same to the proprietor of the newspaper as the stock of goods on the shelves
���in the merchandise' store is t to the proprietor of the store.
It is the newspaper's stock and trade. ��� Therefore if the newspaper is.to keep its head above water, it cannot sit down and
wait for cstomCrs. It must sell the .goods ,it has to offer���advertising *space. And if the local merchant does not buy space
in the" home paper, others will and in so. doing will offer inducements to the home merchant's customers that-will attract
them to'the department stores in the large.cities or in neighboring towns. And the few dollars the home .merchant saves in
refusing to. advertise and thus hold the interest and the business
of the home people are soon lost.to him and- the home town by
being drawn-elsewhere. The wise merchant sees this and advertises.'" And the wise merchant knows that in times like the
present one must get after the business and keep after it if it
is to be had" and retained.���Ex.
CITY MARKET PRICES. FALL Beef, pot roast  .- :....l8c
Pork   20c to 25c
Spring-lamb, forequarter, each ?1.50
Spring lamb, hind quarter each ?2.50
, Flowers   ���
Carnations,   2  dozen ���i^.*:25c
Flowering plants; 2 for  '..'. '.25c
���     "'       \" Fruit  ,'   ".' /   '  '':���<
Apples, per box : 65 to 90c
Apples, per sack  '. :..:;:....���..-.'... ?1
Early Apples, per box ....80c'to ?1.25
Pears, per box  ,  60e to 76c
Cranberries, per lb  : ....'5c
j Fish ��� *",'' ,
Red Spring Salmon, per lb .....".-.. 15c ���
White Spring Salmon, each  85c:
Sockeye salmon, each  '...:.  35c
Cohbes, each ..'. '.  25c ���
Fresh herring, 3 lbs for' 25c
Sturgeon,  per  lb  ...'. : 15C
Shad,  per   lb    '. 15c.
Crabs, extra.large 2 for 25c
Soles,  per  lb    10c ,
Cod, per lb  12 %c
Halibut, per lb '. 12 %e
Flounders,  per  lb   8c
Skate,   per   lb    .- .' :L...8c,
Prices at the New Westminster market in such as ' butter,
eggs and' potatoes, dropped a
slight amount from the prices
quoted last week, but afll other
products the prices remained as
before and \fairly, good results
were 'obtained ^by the different
vendors althxmgh the : attendance at_the market was not near
as good as the week previous.
Potatoes^ were offered readily
at 90 cents per sack, or by the
ton $16, .,.\Strictly*~fresh eggs
sold at 60 ;cents; a drop, of 5^
from * last .week, and were; not;
celling very rapidly... :. Butter,
dropped from~45$. to 4ti# ,a.ft>.>
arid" pork - also dropped; from-: 5'$
to'. 1$ alt}. ^ Dressed poultry was
shown inKfair/quantities'.: and
considerable difficulty was 'met
with ^disposing :of-birds,' although the'live fowl seemed to-
be grabbed up readily enough. at_
$7.00 per'dpzen. Flowers for the'
Christmas i trade made their initial ; appearance and attracted
much attention.  "        !
The following prices were quoted:
Wholesale Poultry
Poultry, live weight ...'."  15c to  16c
Chickens, -.broilers,1 per" lb '14 -to' 15e
Ducks,'live {weight.  18c to 19c
'   Retail  Poultry > .
Spring chickjens dressed .....; 25c
Hens, dressed; per ��� lb ...."..: '.23c
Pigeons, each -.....:........'.. 25c to-35c
Ducks, dressed per lb  \  20c
Squabs, each ..'  35c to 40c
'  " Vegetables
Potatoes, per sack   90c to $1.00.
Potatoes, per ton .:   $16. to  $18
Carrots, per sack  ...  75c
Cabbages, per scak  '. ��� 75c
Turnips, per sack  :....- .' 25c
Asparagus, 'two .bunches - for. ....:.15e
String.beans, per lb  ...2% to 5c
Parsnips^per; sack. ....>. '. '....15c
Parsley, per bunch  '. .5c
Celery,   per  bunch   :...5c
Cucumbers, each-..:-. - 5c
.Cauliflower,  per head ....10c .to 15a
Radishes;..two  bunches .for. .5c
Tomatoesj per lb ���.."2c
Green Tomatoes, per-lb .1 :..- 3c
Cabbages, per head...:..:....! 5cto 15c
Turnips, per bunch,- 3 -for ;.;...-. 5c
Pumpkins,veach  10c.to, 15c
Citrons,-each  :  10c
Squash, each  :  15c
Eggs and Butter  '
Eggs, retail .- 60c to 65c
Eggs, wholesale  :.: 5'0c-to 55c
Butter, retail per lb- 40 to 45c
Butter, wholesale, per lb  35c
Pure Cream Cheese, per lb  50c
Cottage Cheese,  per  lb   10c
Devonshire. Cream, per. pint  45c
Honey, per lb 25c
Wholesale Meat
Pork, per lb  10c to 10 ^c
Pork, salt, per lb  13c
Pigs, small, each   $2 to $4
Mutton, per lb  12c
Leg of Mutton,' per lb, 22c
Veal medium, per lb .... 15C to 10c
Veal, large) per lb'' 12c to 15c
Retail Meats
Beef, best'rib roasts  22c
Beef, loin -.../.28c to 30c
Beef,   short Join    30c
Beef, sirloin  : 27c
Boiling Beefs 12 &c to 15c
Pork   Chops   18c
Mutton  :....18c to 20c
Leg of Mutton  25c
Sugar ,cured oorned pork 15c to 20c
Home made pork.sausage 15c to 20c
Salted pigs' heads ped  lb   .....8c
Pickled pigs shanks per lb  ..-. 10c
Sugar cured hogs' heads,, lb ..8c
Sugar cured '"corn beef, per lb .....15c
Picnic-hams- per   lb 14c
Pure Lard  :..":..: .-���-15c to_16c
Sugar cured bacon.:...-...:...':! 22c
Sugar  cured "boneless .ham    25c
E. O,; Brundage
Painter and Decorator
If you want any artistic work in
Painting, Paperhanging and Decorating give us a call.  ,
Practical work at practical prices
Gladys Ave. - - - Abbotsford
Funeral Director, -
Furnisher of Funeral Supplica
Phone Connection. Mission City
^Nothing will
-   add more to
the Christmas pleasure of the friends and kinsfolk
--:-:.- .���.������-;- -:.-v '"* >-��� at home.//: .���; '/jV;-"'���"-������,-.'j'^.~'-'-
:-:     B.  C.     :-:
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Insure your horses and cattle in
case of accident or death
'.Nice White   Plymouth Rock
Cockerals for breeding purpos-'
es.   Good stock and at right
prices.     ������'
,lA~. d  *vf&  w  .iff i.ihum in al������nfc ���������!���������- ii -IBln nil ii������������i������<i������iiiiWiBt*M*j��������������� i'i rHimrfWI '"��������� nT iffl������MM*������%t  SBBSBSasSKSMSS  laneraesnsssaficsaBstts  sSishehsbhms  ii-!i>i'piirn  ���������i-iifiTi ir'iV riirmiirf/M-.fV'r  SSimrtiqtffiaMittM^A  IATSQU9-SU!  \  President, Chas. Hill-Tout   Secretary, S. A. Morley  of Abbotsford, B. C.  Meeting Held First Monday of Each Month  i, -i  ���������, =  -   Write the secretary regarding manufacturing sites  with unexcolled shipping facilities and, cheap power  or information regarding the farm and fruit lands of  uv the district, and industries already established;  ^���������" '��������������� ���������''������������������'    ������������������     ' ' ���������   ��������� ��������� ���������'    '  '  T   I',' I  I 11  THAT  LOOK  OP  SATISFACTION  is in the face of' every man  fresh from his morning plunge.  But whether the plunge is a delight, or an unpleasant task to  hurry through, depends on  your bathroom. We can put in  all the new improvements and  fixtures,. In your bathroom at  most reasonable prices.  WM. ROBERTS  Plumbing: Shop  Old Crsamery ������ld# Abbotsford  vsssmssas&s  abbotsford; b. c  Strictly first-class in every respect.   The bar is  stocked with the best of wines, liquor and cigars,  RATES, $1.50 TO $2.00 PER  DAY  A. J, HENDERSON & SONS PROPRIETORS  Bsraa  BUTCHER  Pork, Mutton, Heef, Veal, Pork Sausages,  Wieners  and Balogna always on hand.    Fish every Thursday  WHY WE ARE AT'WAR  (Continued from Page Two)  oTtliefc)lk>vdni^^  Edward Giey gave proof of his sincerity and made a further effort for  peace, "I said to German Abassador  ihisN morning that if. Germany could  get any reasonable proposal.put' forward which made it clear that Germany and Austria, were' striving to  preserve European peace, and that  Russia;and France would be unreasonable if they, rejected it, I would  support it at St. Petersburg and Paris  and go to the length to saying that  if Russia and France would not accept It) His Majesty's Government  would have nothing more to do with  the; consequences." In order not to  leave this, promise in the; region of  generalities, Sir Edward Grey threw  out a particular suggestion. "The  stumbling block- hitherto has.been  Austrian, mistrust of Servian assurances, and Russian mistrust of Austrian Intentions with'regard to the independence and Integrity, of Servia."  If Germany would sound Vienna, Sir  Edward would sound St. Petersburg  whether it would be' possible for' the  fuur: disinterested powers to offer to  Austria to undertake to see that she  obtained fulj satisfaction for the, demands-on Servia provided they, did  not impair Servian sovereignty and  the integrity of Servian, territory.  That Russia;was ready to accept such  a solution is clear, from, a peace-formula, which her- government had  drawn up In. concert with Sir Edward Grey. Everybody turned on  Germany. On that day she sent an  ultimatum to Russia.  In the, early.morning of AugUBt 1  (3:30 a., m.), the King of England  and his.Ministers made a-laat, attempt  to secure peace.. The King,telegraphed.a personal message vto .the Tsar,  in this the. King first set out the  text of .a communication from the  German Government. The Tsar had  obviously requested the German Emperor to mediate .between. Russia and  Austria,' and: had;. "given��������� most categorical assurances'to the. Emperor  William th^t' Russian troops would  not move sp long as mediation negotiations continued."  The German  do with the Balkans.  The German Proposal to Englunil  The dc*isLvc day was the 29th of  July, 1914. On that day the German  Chancellor, who had just returned  from the Emperor at Pot3dam, sent  for Sir E. Goshchen, British Ambassador at Berlin, and had a conversation with him which will always be  memorable in history. The Chancellor'* , words revealed that Germany  .was preparing to attack France  through Belgium, and he proceeded  to propose, a bargain , whereby Germany was to secure the neutrality  of England in. the impending war.  The terms of this proposed bargain  were these:���������(1) First,- England was  to stand aside while . France was  crushed,, on the understanding that  Germany "aimed at no territorial acquisitions at the Expense,of France."  Sir E. Goschen "questioned his Excellency about the French Colonies,  and he said that he was'unable to  give a similar understanding'in that  respect." England was, behind the  back of France, to be a consenting  party to Germany's acquisition of the  French Colonies, should France be  defeated in the war. (2) Secondly,  England, behind the back of Belgium,  was to consent to Germany's violation  of the neutrality of that country-���������a  neutrality which both Germany and  England had pledged themselves by  treaty ta respect. In return Germany gave a promise that "when the  war was, over. Belgian , integrity  would be- respected if she had not  sided against Germany." "The promise was given/ be it observed���������I am  sorry to have to say it,, but it must  be placed on record���������by a Power  which was at that very moment an-  npunclng its intention to violate, its  own Treaty obligations and inviting  us to do the same." (Mr. Asqullh);  (3) Lastly, the bargains. above de-.  scribed were to form the basis of  good relations between .England and  Germany.  This "infamous proposal". might,  said the Prime Minister, "have been  thrown aside without consideration  and almost without answer"; but in  the interests of peace, as already explained, the British Government answered*.it in language of restraint:  "His Majesty's Government cannot  for. a moment,entertain the Chancellor's' proposal -^that they should bind  themselves toij< neutrality on such  terms. What-.heasks us is, in effect  to stand'-'by while, French.   Colonics  Government;^ its communication sta    ted.that the Emperor was. desirous a7������lakeii"andVFrance is beaten sp  to mediate and complained that such iong as Germany'djes not take the  ^-j,-.,       _>__ ^     *__*_.. u.. .li__ t,.._    Frencn..t'erit0^r as distinct from the  ColonieB.    From the  material  point  of Mew such.'a proposal is unaccept-  mediation was frustrated by the Russian mobilization; King George went  on to say-that he was 'most anxious  not to miss any. possibility of avoiding terrible.'calamity, which threatens  the whloe-world"-; he appealed to the  Tsar to remove the misapprehension  which might have occurred; he proffered his good offices, "to assist in reopening the; interrupted conversations  between the ; Powers concerned:" The  /Tsar "replied*, oh, < the same i day, r"I  would gladly havB.accepted yo.ur proposals hadcnbt the GWman Ambassador this afternoon - presented ft nolo  to my - Government declaring war."  . "In this solemn hour X wish," aald  the Tsar, Mto assure you once more  that I have done all in my power to  avert war." This, assurance .is borne  out by the Diplomatic correspondent  It shows, as the Russian Foreign .Minister said that "No suggestion held  out to him had been refused. He had  had accepted the proposal for a conference of Four, for mediation by  Great Britain and Italy, for .direct con  versation between Austria, and Russia  but Germany and. Austria-Hungary  had either- rendered these attempts  for peace ineffective by evasive replies or had refused them altogether"  "If war were prevented," the ^Russian Foreign Secretary had said just  before the German ultimatum was received, "it,would be largely due to  the British Government." The foregoing resume shows how persistently  Sir Edward Grey had worked for  peace. What he deliberately abstained from doing, no less than what ha  did, was governed by a desire for  peace. At an early stage in the negotiations, , the British Government  was urged both by Franco and by  Russia to make an immediate declaration of complete solidarity with  them (July 24). The President of the  French Republic repeated the request  very strongly on July 30. Sir Edward Grey1 thought that he was more  likely to be useful as peacemaker if  this country maintained as long as  possible an- attitude of detachment.  Moreover, the Government had no  desire to intervene unless the honour  and interests of the country made  it unavoidable. At the same time intimations were given that it should  not be assumed that tander all conceivable circumstances England  would stand aside.  The official documents thus show  how unremitting^ were the efforts  made by Sir Edward Grey to maintain  the peace of Europe and by whom  these effort^ were frustrated.  They show also how slow the British government was to.commit Britain to any share in the war.    That  she ultimately became involved was  due to causes v-hich had nothing to  J two heads-France and Belgium, with  which we will deal in turn. In cane  ' of our relation to France, there was  the call of honor and self-interest,  no direct obligation; in that of our  relation to Belgium, honor, obligation and self-defence all combined.  'The Case of Jfranee  In" 1904, the Conservative Gov-  ment"concluded a similar Agreement  with France, settling all outstanding  questions between her and this country. In 1907, the Liberal Governr  ment consluded a similar Agreement  with Russia. What is called the Triple Entente" thus grew up between  England, France and Russia. It was  often regarded as a balance against  the Triple Alliance (Austria, Germ  any, and Italy). But so far as England was concerned, it was a friendly  relationship, not a formal alliance.  Except in speciflo matters dealt with  by the two Agreements, England was  under no obligation to support either  France "or Russia. In 1906, When  Germanw was giving trouble to  France on accoxmt of Morocco, Sir  Edward Grey expressed the personal  view "to the French Government that  if war were forced upon France in  consequence of the Anglo-French A-  greement, public opinion in this  country would favor the giving of  material as well as diplomatic support. In 1908, when the annexation  of Bosnia and Herzegovina by Austria caused an internatiunal crisis  (Russia protesting against the annex-:  ation and Germany "in shining armour" supporting her Austrian ally)  Sir Edward Grey told the Russian  Government that this being a Balkan  affair, in which England had no direct interest or concern, nothing more  than diplomatic support would be  given by her| Thus each case was'  left to-be dicided on its own merits.  What, then, was the case as it existed in the critical days at the.end  of 'July and beginning of August?  France, having no longer anything to  fear from England, had concentrated  her fleet .in the Mediterranean. Her  northern coasts were uprotected. Sir  Edward Grey's opinion was, "that if  a foreign fleet, engaged in a war  which France had not sought and in  which she had not been the agresBor  came down the English Channel and  bombarded and battered the unprotected coasts of France," we could  not honorab]y"stand aside and ' see  this going on practically within sight  of our eyes, with our arms folded."  British interests pointed in the"  same direction. If England had declared her intention of remaining  neutral,   France   might   have', wlth-  abie;?for France, without further ter- drawn her fleet from the Mediterran-  ritory'.in Europe ? being .taken from ean; and as we do not now keep a  .her,'..could- be ^so- crushed'" as to lose  her .position as a. Great Power .and  become "subordinate to German policy.' ' 'Altogether'apart from that, it  would be. a disgrace for us to make  this-bargain .with .Germany at. the ex:  pense' of; France, a disgrace from  w'hich the good; name of, this country-would never recover. The Chancellor .-also-in"effect task's..us' to bargain'away whatever obligation or interest we have as regards the neutrality-of Belgium. .We. could not en-  certain that -bargain either." Sir EdT  .ward Grey went on', as already stated, to suggest other terms on which  good relations between England and  Germany might be secured.  *   How Britain Became Involved  The historic interview between the  German Chancellor-and the British  Ambassador,.and the British Govern-  ment'aTreply to' the Chancellor's proposal, show how Britain was driven  to,'take part in the war by honor J by  obligation and by the interests , of  self-defence.    The  case  falls   under  fleet there strong enough to deal a-  lone with possible combinations,.our  trade-routes and-inter-Imperial communications through that sea would  have been .in danger.   ;^  -Accordingly, on August 3, Sir Edward Grey -was'<  authorized "��������� by the  Cabinet.'to give,   an   -assurance    to,  France   "that   if  the   German 'Fleet .  comes into the channed or through  the North Sea to undertake hostile  operations against French    coasts or  shipping, the British Fleet will give  all the-protection-in its power."  This was not a declaration of war, .  but a contingent obligation to, make  war.    The further and final decision  was caused by'the action of Germany  towards Belgium.  (Continued Next  -Issue)  ftf  3?  A Pointer  If you want to sell something, it is easier to  have the buyers come to you. If you want to buy  something you save time and energy if the sellers  come to you. It is quite possible to have your  head save your heels, to have others come to you  instead of you going after them.  An advertisement in the paper will'accomplish  the result. Give adequate particulars of-just what  your heeds are, or what you have to offer and  some person who wants what you have," either  cash or. goods, will look you up.  BJ<i!il   COPYRIGHTED   1914 M   Sfef  SOCLE   SYNDICATE     j!!?  m  'Sy$  ftfel  M  -y-'s n.������E    ABBOTSFORD   POS7 ABBOTSFORD.   B.   O. .  COKl'ORATION OF THE DISTRICT OF SUMAS  The regular meeting of the Sumas Council was held on December 5th, 1914 .  Present Reeve Munroe and Councillors.McKenzie, Austin and  Straiton: " , '  Minutes of the previous niteting were read and adopted as  read.  The reeve reported meeting Mr. Cruickshank concerning the  opening of the Mountain Road. Mr. Cruickshank regretted the  impossibility of doing anything now, there being-no available  funds,, but he assured the Reeve he would provide for it next  year's estimates.  The reports of Councillors McKenzie and Austin on the gravelling of the Angus Campbell Road was that, in its present state  the hauling of gravel would injure the present gravelled portions more than it would benefit the other; and they advised,  that the work be not done unless the ground became solidly frozen. "'."���������'  The following bills were passed for payment: Schools $445;'55  Roads, McMenemy, Munroe, Hallet and others $46.25; "Harris  and Fadden $57.00; Clerk, salaries-and expenses $36.50; Knox,  Ranestree and Royal Bank $25.00; Reeve's expenses .$1.50.  Communications: Prom the Inspector of Municipalities' re the  Title of the Municipality, saying that it shold be known as the  "Corporation of the District of Sumas" From U. B. C. M. secretary. Filed. Matsqui-Sumas Board of Trade inviting the  council to lecture. Accepted. Mr. W. Porter presented resolution from Farmers' Institute regarding the addition to the"Hall.  Mr. W. H. Fadden asked Council to communicate with B.' C. E.  }R. regarding the post holes in front of his place.  Mr. William Porter also carried request from the Government  Road Superintendent regarding the condition, of the Vye Road  of Lot 253, that this public nuisance be remedied.  Resolutions: Whereas the approach to the Vye Road from the  barn on- Lot. 253 is considered a menace to health by the health  officer. :   -  And whereas the government road superintendent has notified this council that the filth on the road there is detrimental  and.dangerous to traffic, and must be remedied; Be it therefore  resolved that Mr.l Orion- Bowman be. ordered to prohibit the  turning out of cattle directly from the barn to the high, road, but  provision be made for coralling or otherwise preventing the  stoc k from reaching the road straight from the barn.  Resolved that the Sumas Farmers7 Institute and Women's  Institute be given the privilege of using the Municipal Hall at  any time the Municipal Council do not require it. ^In consideration for this privilege the Farmers' Institute, undertakes to make  an addition to the front of the hall 18x18, containing four, extra  windows, the addition to correspond in quality and style with the  existing building. ���������.. f ��������� .  >  Resolved that the B. C. B.' R. be asked to lower the culvert at  the.Straiton Road crossing on the North side of the-railing in-  order that the potholes west of this crossing be drained out, and  that W. H. Fadden be appointed to meet the management win  this request. ' .  Motions: That Reeve and Clerk be authorized to sign!L6an.  Bylaw No.. 135, borrowing'$2500 from Royal Bank of Canada to'  repay the Knox Loan. . '       '  That the Municipal Books be audited and Mr. Morley, Manager  of the Royal Bank, Abbotsford be appointed auditor.  That the Royal Bank be asked to pay the Knox note at once-  and Reeve and Clerk be authorized to sign a note to the Royal  Bank covering this amount.  That the next regular meeting of. this, council be held on  Monday, January 4th, 1915, instead of Saturday January 2nd and  a Court of Revision of the Voters' List be held on Monday, January'4th between the hours of 12 a. m. and 2 p, m.  That'the nominations for Reeye and Councillors be held, on  Monday,-. January llth^ 1915 between the hours of 12 a. m. and  2 p.\ m. -and polls be taken on Saturday. January 16th at the  Municipal Hall. .     , [ . ���������';>  That J- W. Winson be appointed Returning officer for 1915.\ ������������������  The reeve, gave a detailed report of the Convention of; the  U. B. C. M. municipalities which council accepted.  The council then adjourned.  ALEX MAINS Contractor and Builder  P. O. Box 44       Abbotsford, B. C.  Mr. B. T. Malcolm was a visitor to  Chilliwack Wednesday  Several ladies of Huntingdon  went over to Abbotsford on  Monday to attend the W. C.'T.  U. meeting.   '   ',-:���������''  The'many'friends    of. -Mrs.  Harto regret to hear that she is.  unwell and confined to bed but.  under medical care is improving.  . Mr. Cobley has now got his  store well stocked with fresh  and seasonable articles for the  home consumption, and reports  business to be progressing satisfactorily. "���������-' "  "    . -J  ' i  To Former Patrons af Huntingdon Mercantile Company, 'and others.  ^  A number of the juvenile musical prodigies took part at Miss  Steede's concert on Wednsday.  $26 was realizedrbythe sale  of work' and tea given by the  ladies of St. Paul's church last  week. ��������������������������������������������� '<������������������'*;-���������������������������  I.wish to notify the Public that I have bought out the Stock carried by The Huntingdon Mercanti   Company, and   ��������� '      '.  Now Have a Complete Line of Groceries  in Stock.  See' my Fine .Window Display of  a most acceptable Christmas (������ii'r.  Japanese   Chinaware.    Makes  Hoping to have a continuance of your patronage, I remain.  y  Yours truly,  E. COBLEY  The St. Matthews :,. Sunday  School''will hold their annual  Christmas tree in the Masonic  Hall.Monday December 21st. A  prograniine" will commence.at  7:30 p. m. Admission -JFree. Everybody is invited!"  =%/  hip pockets.. There .is a remedy  not far to seek.  Mr. S. A. Cawley, M. L, .A,,  has written Mr. Charlie Brown  asking for further particular^  regarding the closihgjdown of  his pool rooni business-and has  promised to take up the matter  with the Attorney-General. .   ;  Dr. Drariey, who has for the  past five months practised in  Huntingdon has moved to Van  couver, he having been, appoint  ed" an; "assistant"'surgeon .in the  Duke of Connaught'sr.Ow.n R'ey  giment (D. C. O. R.) He is now  in1 training at!-Hastings Park  and- expects-ip leaved\in a>->few  weeks for the front/ ���������;]��������� -   ���������' ���������.���������: ���������.:',  Having had many years experience in framing ~ timbers and Car-  ..penter Work of every description, I ask the   liberty  to   figure   on  any work you may have, either by day or contract.    Drop a postal  -card to the above address and I will call and   give full particulars  .-free.    At present would accept Hay or Potatoes in trade for work.  Mr, Thomas M..Clai;k, of Mil^.  ner, Dr. McKay, of Chilliwack,  Mrs. J. Pi Firlotte; of *Abbotsr  ford, and Dr. Moody and Mr.  J. Smith of Vancouver where  among the visitors to Hunting^  don last week and who stayed  at the Alexandria Hotel. '  Mr.' Lassoh, the local .butcher  just located, arrived here with  the assurance that there was a  good, local trade for his fresh  meat Experience tells him there  is plenty, of business if Huntingdon people would buy on the  Canadian side insteadrof crossing to Sumas', and' .bringing  their purchases back -in   their  f  Alexandria Cafe  HUNTINGDON  Opposite B. C. E. R.. Depot  Now  Open Under New Management  Proprietress  .MRS. JULIA CORBIN  Cafe open 0 a.m. to 8 p.m.  Please give  us a call  High class Meal���������Quick Service.  , /HOLI) ANNUAL MEETING  ���������The annual meeting of the  Matsqui Agricultural Association was held at Gifford on Dec.  Sth with.a good attendance.  The officers' elected for the  coming year are: '  ,'Pres.���������J. T. Aish.  Vice-Pres.���������P.   Conroy.   \  . 2nd. Vice-Pres.���������W. J. Marsh.  ' 3rd Vice-Pres.���������A, L. Bates.  Sec.���������Alex. Yuill.  Treas.���������John Pace.  Directors���������Ernest Phillips, J.  Conroy, John Olsen, Alex. Yuill  E. J. Wes.lin, Frank Coghlan���������  The other directors are same.as  last year with the exception of  Messrs Martin and Hill-Tout;  who were not elected, and are  as follows: 'Richard Owen, Wm.  Bates,. J. W.. Taylor, W. Merry-  field,' Ed. Croy, John Pace, Wm.  Elliott C: T..'Purver, Philip Jack  mani T. H. Lehman, Leslie De-  Lair, W/JrMarsh, Thos. Miller,  D: Sjogren Nels Fore, Ole Sor-  enson, Chas.. .Crawford, Walter  Towlah, John Pace, P. Conroy,  J: T. Aish) J. B. Miller, R. Beaton, C'.L. Clark, H..F. Page.  The annual'report showed a  balance of $lil.65 to the credit  of the Association in the bank.  Mr.* A. L. Bates, the retiring  secretary was voted the sum of  $75 for his services during the  past year.  Owing to changes in the office  with the carpenters working a-  round the Post is late this week  and a lot of news is unavoidably  left out that we should liked to  have in���������but. later we will, do a  lot better later.  HUNTINGDON UNION  SUNDAY  SCHOOL  ,   -Tha    Huntingdon      Union    Sunday  School meets    every   Sunday in     the  neV Sohool House  at 2.38 p.m.  All are cordially invited.  A.  E. SKINNER, Sec.-TWs  rxtsBtmoEBSsxaiEeBsam  Good Morning  We Are Introducing  American Silkv   .  . American  Cashmere  American  Cotton-Lisle  HOSIERY  They have stod the tost. Give  real foot comfort. Ne seams to  rip. Never become loose or baggy. The shape "is knit in;���������not  pressod in.    .  GUARANTEED for fineness  style, superiority' of material  and workmanship. Absolutelyl  stainless. Will wear 6 months  without holes, or new ones free  OUR SPECIAL OFFER  to evryone sending us $1.00 in  currency or postal note, to cover advertising and shipping  charges; we will, send, post-paid  with written guarantee,-backed  by a five million dollar company,   either1-  , 8 pairs of our 75c.J value  American.Silk Hosiery,  or 4 pairs of our SOcjralue ..���������  American Cashmelre Hosiery,  or 4 pairs of our-50c Aaiue. ���������  American Cotton-Ljisle Hosiery  or-6 pairs of Children's Hosiery ..  Give  the'color,>   size,     and.  4whether Ladies' or Gent's.hosiery is desired.'      ' -    '.  ,"  DON'T -DELAY-j-Offffer-   expires when a dealer in your lo-,  cality is selected,   j.  The Internationa! Hosiery Ch.  P. O. Box 244  DAYTON, OHIO, U. S. A.  BBCSSS  SBBSJESE  ssaaasssssBBESB  ST. PAUL'S-C������URCH,  Tne Union Sunday 'School Tand Adult  Bible   CL&ss   meet   a.t' 2:15' p.m.  Public Worship ,at 3:15.  A   hearty    invitation   is   extended- to   ali to  attend these meetings.- - '  J.  L.  Campbell, pastor.  CHARLEY'S POOL ROOM  Huntingdon   Fast Tables " Perfect Cues  The Place to Meet Your Friends  FIRST   CLASS   BARBER   SERVICE  Laundry Agency in Connection  HERE WE ARE AGAIN!  . The Oyster Season Has Opened.     Finest Eastern Oysters on Sale  Leave Your Orders for Christmas Cakes  exctn  NOTE-Have just received a carload of Purity Flour  ALBERT LEE, GROCER AND BAKER .  Abbotsford, B.C.  ^.  Farmers' and Travelers  trade solicited.  Newly Furnished  Thoroughly Modern  ���������M-   MURPHY,  PROPRIETOR  HUNTINGDON, B   C.  -.-wi  MS  f  1  'i  , m  -��������� in r  vj  i\  w  451  n  i  i  -*.i  !i i        ,!������������������-       ������������������ ������������������    ��������� j . ��������� ������������������ ������������������ ��������� ���������'   ������������������������������������������������������- ���������     ..-.-���������.-o-;v ^-^v-,-^


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