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The Abbotsford Post 1922-12-01

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 T  #  rt���������  fa  IUMIhJMBinniM������MiWmii>llimnllawMMJ'ul,lai>lllllwlyBI1 '���������'���������niTHiiHiiiiwiM"!"111'1' ���������������������������" ������������������   With^ which is incorporate*! ������The Huntingdon Star"  VOL. XXV., No. 5.  Abbotsford,. B. C, |frday, December 1, 1922:"  $1.00 Per Annum.  jm PIONEER STO  .QUALITf.". /���������, PRICES,  RELIABILITY  i < * i  ,   ABBOTSFORD and WHATCOM'ROAD  INNUAL  liAZAAll. lS'Vi  ATTRACT!VK  AFFAIK  Phone 1*G  AGRICULTURAL 'ASSOCrATION  HOLDS   ANNUAL  MEETING  Fanners 1918  The regular annual niectng of I ho  ' Abbotsfordv-Sumas .Agricultural Association was held in the Dank' of  Montreal Chambers on Moiulay evening with a splendid1 attendance, president A. Hulton-Harrop in the chair,  and the secretary-treasurer . also  "present. .  General -correspondence was dealt  with, the minutes" of the (previous  meeting passed and general business  transacted. ;'A report of-the committee who haVe been negotiating 'ifor  the purchase of a permanent Fair  grounds have been.: decided upon,,  and the committee "were instructed  "to continue their work of investigation. <',,-'*  ��������� Mr. N. Hill-also gave a report of  the seed committee, >��������� shpwing . 'that  Ottawa and ;.the Experimental^Farms  had been written to .with a view    of  ���������- securing-.free, -seeds,.? for -plaubangspur-  ���������poses, and"-that, the reply "had'stated  , that the quantity' of ^eeds for distri-  'bution was small and could    only "be  sent direct to the farmer, for which  '. application forms were provided.- The  only seed obtainable in    any    quantity  is    the-    "Yellow.    Intermediate  Seed" which can be secured i-i  fifty  pound lots'.'   Mr. N. Hill kindly consented to have those    wishing    free  seed leave their    names    with    hirn.  The financial report    given by    the  secretary-treasurer showed  the  total  receipts of ,the year.as $1011.62, to-,  tal expenses $920.85and balance on  hand including a    Victory    Bond of  $231.27.  The following officers were elected: Hon. President, Senator J. D.  Taylor; lion. 1st vice-president, Mr.  Elgin Munro, M. P.; hoii. 2nd vice-  president, Hon. E. D. Barrow, M. L.  A., Minister of Agriculture; president, Mr. A. George; 1st vice-president, the Reeve of Sumas for 1923;  2nd vice-president, the Reev of Matsqui for 1,923; 3rd Vice-president, the  president of the Abbotsford and District Board of Trade for-rl 923; secretary-treasurer, Mr.'M. M. Shore.  The twenty-one directors are to  he named by a committee appointed  by the new' president,;who now took  the chair to'.preside. The committee  appoined' are Messrs. Hill, Brydges,  Mc Gowan;'-Frith arid Rarrop;.,auditor,- Mr. N.. Hill'."s  The following are the. convenors' of  the  various ' committees'::'  General convenor of the .different  committees���������Mr.   A.   Hulton-Harrop.  Ladies���������Mrs, W. Tinker.   ���������  Finance���������Mr; N. Hill. ���������    ������������������ .  Sports���������-Rev. A.M. Priest.  Publicity���������Captain'.P.-J. R. Whit-  chelo.  i.  Prize,List-���������Mr. j\ Frith.'"  . Honey���������Mr.  F. <E>-White.--':'     '-  Poultry���������Mr.   A.   Thornthwaite.  Field Products���������-Mr. J. W. ' Conway.  Garden���������Mr.   0.   Wallace.  Live   Stock���������Mr.  A.   BrokovHki.  Grounds"���������Mr.  R. Duncan.    "  Hall���������Mr.  J.  A.  McGowan.  Concessions-���������Mr.  N. .Hill.  Entertainment ���������Mr. D. Rucker  and Mr.. A. H.  Harrop. >  Fruit���������Mr. H. Peck. '   ' -  Dairy���������Mr.   W.   D.   Kerfoot.  School Work���������Mr.'.E. Webster.  Convenor . of Organization Wor/k  ������������������Mr. J. Brydges with power-to add  four others wth  him.  The secretary was . instructed to  notify all officers of their appointment and to ask for an acknowledgement . of their acceptance or otherwise. A vote of thanks and an appropriation- of * $50.00 'was tendered  the -retiring - secretary-, -Mr. G. F.  Pratt,, jn recognition of his faithful., J  -se'rvicest"o"uring 'OieVpa'sV-year." '-'''���������'"V"q;.  ��������� The retiring president, A. Harrop  was also .congratulated upon the successful, carrying out of the-fairs" and'  it was voted that the^executive committee be instructed to deal with recompense for Mr. Harrop for,, valuable work done as president of the  i association.  ] Mr. Harrop thanked the associa-  ' tion for their kindness and assured  them that their due appreciaton was  ample thanks, and that he would  continue to work in the best interests  of the association. The newly elected president, Mr. A. George, in taking the chair, suggested that an efficient organizng committee be appointed to assist materially with the  success of the coming fair; and  Mr. J. .Brydges was named as convenor of this committee with the  power to add four' others.  The association have had a very  successful year and the prospects  for 1923 are very bright.  UKRATE   WILL   BE   TAOKD  WITH* SOUTHERN   COLLEGE  VANCOUVER, Dec. 1.���������The intercollegiate debates committee of the  University of British Columbia has  received notice thai the University  of Washington will be unable to  compete in t������e triangular-, series  which had been planned. I:-is probable, however, that a dual series will  be staged with the University.-, of  California.  The student speakers who  have been chosen to represent the  provincial institution include .J. C.  Wilcox of-Salmon Arm, and Messrs.  Morgan, '- Hodgson ��������� and Grauer of  Vancouver.  The annual bazaar ot'C the "W; A.  or the M.-S.-A. Ho'spitaL.was held,in  tho Harrop Hall on Friday last and  was a very gratifying success. The  hti.ll was very prettily' decorated Avith  the colors,, of the Auxiliary, red,  greon and gold and presented ,a  pleasing appearance1. ^splendid colr  lection of articles were/offered for  sale at the -aXtractiye^booths-, which  this year were'-placed'' H- the centre  of the hall.' .The present-.or the  Auxiliary, Mrs. H. Fraser-,, officially  opened tlie bazaar andr'speeehes'.were  also; made ''by ,,Jteeye JT:;������P. Cook of  Sunias Municipality. and' Reeve A.  McQallum fpf Matsqrii.'J' The affair  was'-well supported'by-t. the entire  community and the,attendance -was  large, several of the stalls being en-,  tirely sold;6ut by fourJ)._;m.  " During- tlie afternqorfkfea was served by the-JW.C.T.U. ='and' a fishing  pond was managed- by.',the~ - girls ��������� of  the Comrade Bible, .Class, and -music  was rendered by the. Harmonic Orchestra. At six o'clock,a fine supper  was provided- by the ladles of the W:  A. \    '���������     '  -    ;\;;'". ."' -  -  Selections were given?,by .the Ab,-  botsford Band in the/Alexandria Hall  during the evening, where at 9 p. m.  crowds' gathered-to ;: enjoying dancing to the-strains of-Heuhls Orchestra. ' 'The "dance was.,.,uivder. the skillful management.of ,tliesiocal lodge,of  A. F.- and .A. ,M.,"th'e. '.'dance    supper  beng served by .the lad'fes" of 'the W.  B. A. of the Maccabees'; ���������)'- ; "' ������������������-'v<  -' The total receipts ;takcn' in- during  the afternoon amounted to- $700.00  and the dance, in .'.the 'evening; 'added  &i)"other/-,$.2 OtfO 6' vt'o'-;^X' amount,  niakin g-' a ��������� total of -$ 9 0 0 ,"> 'and- '��������� as -"the  total expense will he about $100 .it  is expected that-$"800 would be.clear-  J. \V. WLVSON IS MY2X PRESIDENT  The Lower Mainland Division of  tlie Honey Producers Association  held its annual meeting Wednesday  in the Exhibition Board Rooms, New  Westminster.  At the general meeting in the afternoon the executive officers������ were  all' re-elected, a few changes being  made in the directorate for 1923. J.  L.Winson is president, F. E. White,  vice-president, W. H. Turnbull, sec-  treasurer. The directors are,' Mrs.'  McCallum, Ladner; E. Croy, Denni-  son; A. W. .Finlay, .Huntingdon;  Lynn Harvey, Langley; Chas. Moove,  Mission City; W. H. Lewis, Burnaby;  <G. .Thompson, South Vancouver and  ,S. Hodgson, New Westminster. ' J.  Pennington;.Bradner, is auditor.  ��������� , Mr. W. H. Lewis was appointed  chairman of the Exhibition Committee, wtih power to name his assistants.  The  thanks     of  tlie     Association  were 'extended to the management of  .the R. A. & L.Society for   their  generous   cooperation   during' tlie   year  and for their hearty hospitality .during fair week. - -  .The    invitation  of  ���������Mr. T. Baker    for    an      Association  .Field  Day at' Bradner was' accepted  and an early date in the season will  be arranged for this, so    that    other  places may be visited later."  ,,- ���������! ��������������� i������   ������, ^ , i      I.  V   "      CAIRNS���������CLE5IENTS  UNEASY PERIOD FOR   .  I THE  LIQUOR INSPECTOR  ed,- whicli is very gratifying.  The AV. A. of the M.-S.-A. are doing a wonderful'work in,the upkeep  of a very worthy institution, and are  deserving of the-continued appreciated assistance of the residents, of the  district.  LARGE  CROWD  ATTENDS  ST.  ANDREWS  CONCERT  OTOR OILS  "MAKES A GOOD CAR BETTER"  We supply the best   stations in this -district.   Call at  the red ball sign.  -Imperial Products Always At Your Service  Phone 53 or 25X  ��������� A very successful concert was  held in the Masonic Hall on Thursday evening under direction of the  Abbotsford St. Andrews and Caledonian Society. The attendance was'  very large and the hall was-crowded with people from ' Huntingdon,  Clayburn, Mission City and all outlying  districts.  Rev. W. Robertson acted as chairman and opened - the programme  with an appropriate a'ddress. 'A selection on "the pipes was gven ��������� by  Tames Duncan of Langley Prairie,  followed by a song by Mrs/R'aoburn.  Others' included on the programme  were: .song, Mrs. A. Mclnnes; song,  Mrs. Derbyshire, Mission, City:' -.;ong.  Miss Lizzie 'McCormick," Mission  Cily; song. Mrs. Horne; address on  "How St. Andrews was named", Mr.  J. A. McGowan; comic song, Mr. S.  Brown,! Clayburn; song, Mrs. Stirling, Clayburn; pianoforte, Mrs.  Wells. A delightful Scotch supper  was served, after which dancing was  thoroughly enjoyed until an early  hour.  , On November 17th at Vancouver  Mr. .Thomas' Cairns arid* Miss' Clements were united in marriage. Mr.  -Cairns-is one of the star, football  players on,.the Clayburn team. After  a. shortJionteymoon/the. happy, couple  rwlirVeside'Vin "Clayburn.-    -'-'--'    -  -  :'���������<"'-  Special Gospel, Meeting's will  (D.V.) be held nrthe Gospel' Hall,  Abbo-sford, beginning Tuesday. Dec.  3rd-at 7:30 p. m., and every night accept Saturday.' Mr. C. S. Summers,  Evangelist, Boston, Mass., will conduct the services.    All welcome. t-   ^  Chilliwack-B'urfield Island potatoes won third prize at the seed fair  held in Grand Forks yesterday  VICTORIA,' Nov. 24.���������Interesting  passages in connection with allegeu  bootlegging in the Fraser Valley district were brought out to the public  accounts- committee sitting on Tuesday, when Chief Inspector James Mil- '  ler of the Liquor Control Board had  a busy ninety minutes at the hands of  the Opposition Leader and his chief  lieutenant, Mr. R. H. Pooley,- Esqui-  mault. Asked how it was that Canadians and Americans were cogniz*  ant of conditions at Huntingdon  while the .police were evidently blind  and then again, why was' not the' sup*-  ply1 cut off, Inspector Miller stated  the beer may have left the brewery  for export and been taken to the .'water front.       ' -.' '  Mr. Bowser���������'/There is -no waterfront at Huntingdon. ��������� Just an imaginary line.". And the Conservative  leader. went - on to relate, how clubs  had -sprung up in the night in-'the  Columbia Valley district near Cultus  Lake, where huge shipments are being taken in by auto trucks. . Men  at .Huntingdon were .operating soda  fountains and selling whiskey at 50  cents a drink., ..'Reference was .also  made to a Mission resident named  Jones when Mr..Bowser asked whether this, person's permit could'not be  cancelled.  Mr. Archie Johnson���������Yes, and also  interdicted under Section 57.  *   Mr.  Bowser���������This  fellow'   cannot  be interdicted.    He is, too'sober for  that .and also making too muchmon-.  ey.  Asked as to whether several of the  "stool pigeons" do not have, court re-  .���������cdfds,;-M,r.--���������Mill,er;,c;AimG{ltiKeyr;w!re  high class men especially adapted for-  the work. He' was further queried  of the fact how it was that Magistrate  Edmonds at New Westminster and  Magistrate Jay, Victoria', had refused  to believe their evidence.   ' .     .  Services will be held in St. Matu-  ew's Anglican Church at Ahbotsford  every Sunday night at 7:30. Rev. A.  Harding Priest, vicar.  PARLIAMENT TO MEET  PROBABLY ON JANUARY  18  OTTAWA, Nov. 28.���������A call has  been sent out today to federal go-v-  ernment departments throughout  Canada to get out estimates and otherwise" prepare for a session,of parliament. The date of the session nas  not. been determined, but in all probability it will be Jan. 18. 'No early  date conforms to the wishes of all  sidos, particularly as the session  promises to be long on account of  re-distribution, Bank Act revision  and external policy questions in addition 'to- regular routine business.', _  The Victory Flour Mills is rushing to completion its new office on  Wholesale  Row..;        ' >  Mr. Rae is busy building a porch  to  the  Adventist  Church.  An invitation has been sent to Santa Claus to  make this his headquarters this year when he vis  its Abbotsford.   He will no doubt accept.  Our class of Toys is sure lo make many boys  'will girls happy this Xmas.  SHOP EARLY  '   WHIT CHEW'S SPECIALS  Clark's Catsup ������������������- --- ���������-----  Magic Baking Powder  ...........a. .  5 lb. tin Mince Meat :...:.......���������.....  less Raisins, a lb.. _..........���������:���������.............  ..,..:.$,��������� .75.  .....   .30  ...... 1,65  .......   .19  A trial order   appreciated.   Make   use of our  delivery and telephone service. ��������� ,  Limited  ABBOTSFORD'S "STORE OF QUALITY  iMmmiammimmmwiamaunmjmitM FAOSS two  THE ABBOTSFORD POST  ���������mii ftirfiiiii ii 11���������ifjri  :ac  as:  THE ABBOTSFORD \POST,  Published Every Friday  J. A. BATES; Editor and Proprietor  FRIDAY,  DECEMBER   1,  1922  This week we have the pleasure ol! publishing the speeches  of the premier and the leader of"  the opposition which were  delivered at the House in. Victoria, on the budget.  We have given equal space or  nearly so to each of the speeches and they are quite lengthy.  Yet there-are many little things  in the speeches which lasted a-  bout two hours and a half ta it  are left out, but the reports a*e  fair and accurate, we believe.  On the afternoon on which  Mr. Bowser delivered his oration the galleries were packed  even standing room being at <���������;  premium; while on Wednesday  afternoon, when Premier Oliver  had the floor the attendance in  the galleries was quite slim.  Would this indicate that the  , leader of the opposition is more  popular in Victoria than the  premier? We leave that for the  reader to decide for . himself.  It might also. be noted that,  when the leader of the opposition was speaking all his followers were present, and many of  the Liberals enjoyed the flaying which the- minister of finance and the,premier received  at the hands of Mr. Bowser. But  when .the' premier spoke there  was a noticeable absence of his  ���������many followers, there' being at  no time more than a baker's  dozen���������even Mary Ellen was  'absent.      It would appear'that  spent, if not it is wasted.  ,  Education is undoubtedly    a  pleasure to those who possess it  and it is not a burden through  life.  Personally we think it a good  sign to see the young men and  women pursuing their studies  at the university. Surely the  country can afford it?  The question of taxes comes  up for discussion, and the premier states that he thinks the  farmer is now bearing as large  a burden in this respect as he  can stand; and this we are perfectly in accord with him. The  farmer and the fruit,grower do  not get enough protection and  help from the government. The  man who tills the soil so as to  make two blades of grass grow  where only one. grew before is  a benefactor to his country;and  the man who goes into the bush  and clears, land for future crops  should be protected    in.   every  possible way, when he comes to  place his product on the market  We believe that there are many  ways in which the tiller of the  soil can be assisted and should  be assisted.    But placing a big  tax on the merchants   of   the  province is not one of them, in  our estimation.    Many   of   the  merchants with little stores in  all parts of the province today  are suffering because of the' fact  | manufacturers, of Canada at i-nc Kij.ig  Edward Hotc-1, Toronto, last February, wiJl be' held<. towards the end of  February' or the' ; beginning of  Mi,i'ch.'It is" anticipated tbu: exhibits  will be made by -manufacturers of  cotton, woollen and. lin-jn textiles  and all classes of men's.anl .women's  wearing, apparel. Exhibitions such  as this have great educational valua,  Okalla. ' It would be. interesting to note how many college  graduates find their way to the  criminal courts of the" country  as compared with the illiterate,  who have no education at all.  Jf education makes better citizens of the rising men and women, then it is money well  not only for manufacture themselves, but for retailers nd' ",h3 general  public. The textile exhibition held  Jast spring proved a revelation ' of  the wonderful progress that has been  made in Canada in the inanu'Cab''..re  rjt textiles and textile products. Meetings of i.e.\tile manufacturers have  been held recently in the, offices of  the   Canadian,    Manufacturers  Asso-  A'��������� PROMPT*AMWE?R- IMPROVES -  EVERYBODY'S TELEPHONE SERVICE  Sometimes when you make a telephone .call, you do  not get the'numbers promptly. When you tell the operator, she says, "I will ring them' again."  Finally when you get the party wanted, do you feel  that the operator'has jibt given you prompt service., or  do you realize that tlie person, you called may not have  answered the telephone at once?  It will help to provide prompt service for all.if every  subscriber will answer the telephone, as soon as the bell  rings. ,  British Columbia Telephone Company  ciation in  Toronto and  lay plans for the show.  Montreal  to  ARE STRONG FOR  CANYON  ROUTE  that his patrons the farmer and  the one side is not as much in-jthe fruit grower is not,prosper-  terested in the remarks ��������� of its ������������������ ous���������cannot find a good market  leader as the other side is. [for his products at a fair price.  Needless to say both leaders It is assure thing that if the  enjoyed their own remarks but'storekeeper has his taxes raised  Premier Oliver appeared, to'he will have to get the money  gloat over the "cute little ans- J for these ��������� heavy, taxes, from  wers that, he gave to those -who" some one,, and the    man -who  The business men and\ all public  bodies at Kamloops continue their  efforts to secure the building of the  coast to interior section of the Canadian. Highway," either through (he  Fraser Canyon or by way of Harrison; Anderson and Seaton Lakes, Mr.  <A. W. McLeod stated today as the  result of his-observations while on a  visit- to the Island Capital recently.  The people of Kamloops point our,  states Mr. McLeod', that either of  these routes would be open for traffic practically-all winter, while the  alternate route through the Co-  quahalla Pass would'be closed for  several months due to heavy snovv'  fall.  Dr. Wade; a pioneer of the. interior of the Province; has gathered together considerable- historical data  regarding experiences of pioneers  over alternate trails��������� which- they  travelled and' which are those suggested-for-   the    possible    highway  routes:    Before the Rotary  Club  in  were  unfortunate  to  interrupt .produces from the land is one K������iml00pS> which ��������� Mr<    McLeod a>  him, and he had many interrup- of the men. who will   have   to tended; Dr. Wade delivered an * e>:  tions.    He wound up .however;help pay those taxes  with the remark that   he   was  wasting the time of the House  and the province's money in  trying to get even with such  men as Wallinger, Catherwood'  Jones and Bowser and others of  the opposition.  Needless .to say no one objected to-his saying that he was  not strictly attending to the btir  siness oMhe country in making  the speech he did.  During Bowser's speech the  ������������������minister :of finance had a smile  on that -never came off, although at times it looked quite  sickly, nevertheless he took Mr.  Bowser's medicine as though ie  expected it would do him g ,^d  during the.next year.  Business before pleasure  would be a good motto for the  members of the House to adopt.  But then we presume the members follow their leader���������the  premier.  $450 per student who attends  the B. C. University seems to be  quite a lot of money to spend  yearly on the young men and  women who are getting an education at that institution, but  the question arises, is it or is it-  not money well spent? Judging from the remarks of the  premier it was good for his own  family for he educated four of  his sons at a university. We  are hot taking into consideration the remarks credited to  him during the war about his  sons' education. But a university education is good for Premier Oliver's sons, is it bad for  or can it be bad for the sons of  the other fathers of B. C?  The province is ahead to pay  for education at the B. C. University rather than for time at  Assistance to the farmer and  the introduction of modern,  and cheaper, methods will assist  the farmer and fruit grower. Is  it not a fact that there are a  very large number of dollars  sent out of the' province each  year for food products that are  grown in this province? Tax  the man who does this so that  he will find it unprofitable. This!  money distributed among the  growers would help out a great  deal. Where is the sense of  bringing in fruit into the. province to compete with the home  grown fruit? We have had instances of it this year with .the  berries and the peaches, while  thousands of dollars worth of  fruit went to waste. '��������� This fruit.  money sent to a foreign country,  distributed among the fruit men  of this province would be appreciated and would help both  the farmer and the storekeeper.  Nobody kicks much about paying taxes so long as there is the  cellent address by which he proved  that either of the routes supported by  Kamloops was far superior.  Dr. Wade's recollection were decidedly interesting in their references to New Westminster and to  the- experiences of the early travellers to find the best route for a road  between New Westminster and the  interior.  WINTER   FEED FOR DAIRY   COW  in your old car m part payment  for a 490 Chevrolet Special , Easy,  payments for the balance; -  A new car means, thatyou will have new tires  and but few repairs for sometime���������according to  usage.  -,, How to keep up the-, winter milk  flow is a problem confronting a  great many dairymen, .more so iu  sections where the temperature is  ���������severe than in the milder climate of  British. Columbia. Invariably- the  price of milk goes up in' the fall and  down in the spring and just as -untir-  ingly-.the supply drops in the fall and  increases in the spring, j The. dairyman given good cows, t he proper  proportion' bred to freshen in the fall,  'and conditions suitable for good genr  era! management in the matter of  sanitation and thorough,, and regular  milkers, it is then up to. .the feeder  to keep the milk up to the maximum.  ��������� The dairy cow is a manufacturing-  machine and requires' suitable raw  material from which to manufacture  milk. He can make sufficient use of  much rough feed if supplied in conjunction "with concentrates of the  proper amounts. Among the most  popular or widely used winter rough  STUART MOTORS  Chevrolet and Nash Agents  Mission City, B. G.  wherewithal for paying these ages are hay, straw, ensilage and  taxes. The millions sent out of  B.C. during 1922, if distributed  in the province would help to  pay a great deal of taxes. Make  the man on the soil prosperous  by finding a market for his produce and it will simplify matters a whole lot.  evolution of Canadian  oress demonstration  One of the interesting features  which it if hoped, will be introduced  at the Textile Exhibition to be held  in Montreal early in the New Year,  will \>:> a series of episode.* to illustrate 'Ic development in Canadian; to follow. What the grain mixture  wearing apparel since the days of the shonia^be w1^_^������?t:,ldi,uPJ������!1,^l40������^?/  Indians and habitants.  roots and for dairy cows legume hays  are much more valuable than grass  hays. For milk production good alfalfa hay has no equal but, if this is  unobtainable, good clover or mixed  hay is satisfactory. Damaged hay  can be made more palatable by cutting and mixing with silage or pulped  roots. The same holds true regarding  straw. To provide the necessary succulence in a ration for dairy cows  roots or silage, or both, are invaluable. Not only are these feeds succulent but they are bulky and com-  paratieiy cheap. Generally it is good  business' to give a milking cow all  these feeds she will consume.  This does not hold true regarding  concentrates. A popular practice is  to-feed: the cows one pound of grain  for every 3 to 4 pounds,of milk they  produce.   This is' a good general rule  trates. Bran 4 parts'; ground oats  2 parts; ground barley 2 parts; oil  cake meal 1 part; makes an excellent  grain mixture for a commercial dairy  herd. It should be kept in mind that  a freshly calved cow abundantly and  carefully fed will usually produce the  cheapest milk. At this time a pound  of grain is equivalent to several  pounds given later after the cow has  decreased in her milk flow.  Beside the roughage and concentrates heavy producing cows should  have plenty of clean water and salt,  and many- successful feeders at the  present time provide bone meal, lime,  charcoal and other minerals.���������-Experimental Farm, Agassiz, B. C.        ,  PLENTY OF LOYALTY  BACK OF TEXT BOOK  Alex,. S. Duncan  Barrister      Solicitor   .  Notary Public  OFFICE  J. A. Catherwood Building  Phone 8601 P. O. Box 09  'MISSION OITY, B. Gr  The exhibition iiseli which will duplicate'��������� the  successful show put on by the textile  the different feeds at that time, bran,  oats, barley, oil meal, shorts, soybean  meal, brewers grains and cotton seed  meal are the commonly used coucen-  VICTORIA, Nov. 2 5.���������A defence  in the attack made by Canon Jiinc:i-  liffe on the alleged antirBritish textbook on history in use at the University of British Columbia was made  in the House yesterday afternoon by  Hon. Dr. MacLean, minister of education, who took the view that whatever were the merits of the textbook  itself, the professors in charge of tho  department were sufficiently British  to offset any Americanism that is alleged to be contained in the publication, in charge of the department,  stated ..the minister, was , Professor  Mack Eastman, a product of the Empire Loyalist stock, and who eniisttd,  as a private in tlie Great War, Under  him were professors Sage and See-  ward, both of whom served overseas.  To the charges that Canada's glorious part in the great adventure was  missing in'its entirety, Dr. McLean  claimed that the part played by; the  Dominion was included in the por-  tionvdevoted to the actions taken by-  British forces overseas.  J. H. jones:  Funeral Director  AGENT   FOR  MEADBTONES-  Phone Connection. Mission City  Word has been received by cable  from London, to the effect that , an  Wm,   Atkinson  General Auctioneer and Live  Stock  Specialist.  23 years among the Stockmen of  the Fraser Valley. Am f&mllar  with tJhe different breeds St live  ������ d'ek and their values.  Address  all comjnunleations  Box 34 Chi'lHwacfc^B. O-  to  apples from the >B. C. ��������������������������� Frultlanda  Kamloops orchard was; . commended  at the Imperial Fruit Show-in competition with exhibits from all over  the British Empire. The exhibit is.  reported to have lost out for first  prize in two respects only, commercial size and uniformity,   the exhibit  <���������'.  exhibit of.2Q boxes of Mcintosh   Red being first in all other respects'. .0  *t  THE ABBOTSFORD POST  jtw������.-    ������*.-���������,    J-^yfT i  t   ������JCTTi  T��������� '���������  PAGE THREE  %ftrfwag������Hrt������Tn-ny w������m������wm������arai^fn^iiw^^J'w^WAiW^WitfJ^^iMi^iwa*WHii^'������jgft^*������i������'Wr������a������������i^ -? '  "-������' *?' ���������"  HiWfWMP'WPl*  The financial operations of the  Provincial Government' came in for  some pointed criticism at the hands  of Mr. W. J. Bowser K. C, leader of  the Conservative opposition in the  Legislature, when he spoke - on the  Budget Speech.,In-characteristic fashion, Mr. Bowser assailed .the-claim  of the Government that it had restored the finances' of the Pro-ince;  he pointed to. the increase in the net  debt of the Province which 'today  stands at $58,000,000, or $31,000,-  000 greater than when the present  adminisration took office, an \ he  paid particular attention'to the claim  made by "the Minister of Financcf,in  the latter's speech of last week, that  the millions sunk .in"such projects as  the Land Settlement Board, tho  South ���������> Okanagan ' Development  scheme, the Sumas Reclamation project, aiid the Department of Industries' could bo regarded as"pioduc-  tive assets."  In the promise hy the Minister of  Finance that there would bo a rcduc:  tion of expenditures, Mr. Bowser  could "Wee only a deathbed repentance. He took it that such "a promise presaged an election, and he as  serted that the Conservative Parly  was ready for. the fray. The reckless  extravagance of the Government, he  held, had wearied the people of the  Province.  The opposition, leader was in excellent form as he spoke to crowded  galleries. In the six years of Liberal  rule, he said, capital assets" of'- the  Province, valued at $16,000,000, had  . been wiped out. and an excess in capital liabilities amounting to $7,75c-  000 have been incurred. He ridiculed tlie claim of the Finance Minis'.cr  that, between seven and .eight millions would be saved to the Province  through the refunding of short term  loans at the present par of exchange,  and .at length he analyzed this statement to prove vyiat ^when the Minis-  ister said that in 1921 he had a-vision bf an. early"', restoration, of exchange rates he had been merely indulging in a dream.  Mr.'Bowser spoke for nearly    two  .hours, and his ketm thrusts at    his  political     opponents     were  pnjoyeu  by   members  and   the  galleries.  Premier Oliver adjourned the debate and. will speak this afternoon.  Desiring to congratulate the Minister of Finance on the budget  speech, which he described as "a-  splendid sugar coating to a nasty,  financial pill, which will bring no  r'efief to the sick British Columbia  electors," Mr. Bowser commented on  the.fact that the press headlines of  the Minister's speech .had shown a  wide difference in their announcement of the financial claims as made  by the Minister in the House.  "The whole thing was a doleful  repetition : of deficits', legerdemain  bookkeeping and political camou  flage," .charged Mr. Bowser. "I was  financially intoxicated when I read  that the minister was saving - tlie  people, seven or eight millions  through the rectification of the exchange situation; '" but in reality it  was simply a splendid gilding of the  brick."  The Opposition Leader said Mr.  Hart was offering the "poor, sick  taxpayer" no relief, but was content  to assure the electorate that they  might be thankful expenditures ari-l  taxation would not be increased. Perhaps this presaged an election, he  caustically remarked. ,.  He pointed to the fact that,"with  the exception of one year the record  of,the present Minister" since the  present Government-.took office vLs  one of deficits. In the fiscal year  1917-18 here had baen a deficit of  $466,504. The following year tho  deficit was' $1,181,00P; in 1919-20  there was a surplus of $351,332; but  tlie" next year the deficits were resumed to the extent of $3,407,42T,,  and in 1921-22 there was a deficit  of $1,70,0,792, or a total of..'$7,494.-  338.'of deficits in five years.. -  Mr. Bowser recalled that he had  predicted, a deficit of $2,828,3:9.  though the public accounts showed  that it was only $1,790,792 because  the Government revenue exceeded lT.s  expenditure by $1,871,790.    If    the  \  revenue had not come in so well the  Minister, would have, found ' himself  confronted by a greater deficit than  ���������he had predicted, and yet, in the face  of the certainty of a deficit, the Government had shown no disposition to  retrench a single dollar in expenditure, for $824,000 was the total exr  penditures in excess of the amour-c  the Minister had stated in the March  budget speech it would be. ��������� And f.t  that time he had promised a surplus.  "My friends opposite cannot ^retrench; there are too many hungry  hangers-on to permit of that; you  don't know how; it .is foreign to your  nature," said Mr. Bowser.  Coming to the present financial  oporalions'of the fiscal year ending  March 31 last, Mr.' Bowser stated  there was a delicit shown of $2,928,-  379; the report of the Comptroller-  General, just tabled, showed a surplus of $818,000 for the first six  months, the best period of the year,,  during which the majority of,the revenue was collected. He was hardly  to be expected thar the collections  during tlie last six months would be  as satisfactory.- Hence, he held that  another deficit could be expected for  the present fiscal year.' He pointed  out that it was now taking three and  one-half millions' to pay interest, exchange and commissions on loans.  "At the expense of being charged  with repetition, I want to refer  again to your hookkeeping methods  to. hide deficits of ordinary, expenditure to capital account. You claim  you have met current    expenditures  by current receipts    and   . borrowed  i .  only for    capital    account.      Such a  claim is a mere camouflage," said the  leader of tlie opposition, "to cover.up  your-going behind every year. In our  time all expenditures were paid out of  the account and showexl either a deficit or surplus. If the accounts of  this .government were- compiled in  our way there would be shown , an  ���������enormous^ deficit." r . ���������- '��������� ��������� .-,, %������������������;.  , Mr. Bowser criticised the Minister  of Finance for his comparison's between his own financial conditions  and those which prevailed during the  latter years of the late government  when the-war was in progress and  business conditions were very poor,  and the then Government had virtually been shut out of the -money-  market. But he cited the fact that  even under those adverse conditions  the then Government had been able  ,to borrow in New York at a rate of  5.62 per cent: instead of the 7.5 0 per  cent., as alleged by Hon. Mr. Hart.  In 193 6-17, when the new system was  adopted by the present 'Government  of charging large amounts to capital  account, the balance sheet showed  an excess of capital assets over capital liabilities of $16,13.-5,000;. in  1921-22 this situation had been reversed, as the whole of the surplus  had been wiped out and capital liabilities now .exceed capital assets by  $7,752,000. '"  Mr. Bowser pointed to the practice  of the present Minister of crediting  under the heading of bills receivable,  arrears of taxes, probates and succession duties, timber royalties, etc.,  and he claimed that had this been  done by the late Government its  1916-17 accounts would have aggregated more than sufficient to meet  the deficit for that; year/one on  which the Liberals were always  harping.  The Minister jit Finance had taken  credit for collecting between three  and four millions of arrears of taxes  The late'Government had shown consideration to a public affected by the  adverse conditions of the war.  "We did not collect .those taxes'  bncause we had a heart," said the  Opposition Leader, and his statement  was greeted with laughter from the  Government benches. Under the  present Minister of Finance, He  claimed, taxes and bailiffs are the  order of the day.  The Opposition Leader claimed  that the deficit for the present fiscal  year of 1923-24, for which provision  would be made at tho, present session,  would be $1,190,000. He commented  upon the Minister's statement that  the credit of the province was at a  low point in 1916;that large amounts  were owed  by the then Government  to the' bank. And yet, he stated, ��������� oil  March 22 last;'in answer to ii-question of his (Mr. Bowser's) the Minister of Finance had stated'the late  Government owed the bank nothing  when it left office.  "And he persists 'in making that  statement that we' owed the ��������� bank  when he knows that it is absolutely  incorrect. He tells us'I passed a loan  bill to meet deficits.'- What has -he  been doing but passing loan bills to  coyer deficits he-has piled up."  ' Mr. Bowser referred to his action  in 1916 in bringing down a loan bill  for four millionjdollars for general  purposes, and another for' six million  for the P.  G. E.  "But the first thiiig you did was tc  take advantage of t^is Bowser loan  bill, as you call it���������aitd borrow up to  the very last cent,'.' said the Opposition Leader, who'admitted it was quit-  true that' the late Government    liau  had   a  surplus  of nine  millions    ir  1910, derived chiefly from the sale 6  capital.assets. But  'having    depleted  those assets to that extent, tho thei'  Government', naturally considered th  money should go back for the benefit of the public.    The fine system o  roads and bridges'and public office  of the Province showed    where that  money had gone.   '  Mr. Bowser commented upon the  statement of the Minister of Finance  that the debt of. tlie    province when  the present Government    came into  power had been approximately twen  ty-five million.    But he pointed    out  that on Friday last the Minister had,  in response to questions put by,him  stated that the debt on    March,   31  1916, was only $17,732,433.   ."���������  Hon. Mr. Hart���������What was it, on  March 31, 1917? '-'  Mr. Bowser���������It was a little more  it is true,, because- you had started  your reckless borrowing. What is, to  be gained by such , deceiving statements? Is it done for political ef:.  feet in the hope that 'it may, per  haps, not be'corrected?  Touching on the criticisms of the  Minister of Finance relative to the  late Government's1 guarantee of the  bonds of the C.:.N. R., Mr. Bowser  held that the policy of the late Sir  Richard McBride. had not cost' the  Province a cent." In fact, it had  brought to the Province, ��������� not alone  the Canadian Northern, but also another .transcontinental .line. ��������� Nor" diu  he propose to rest content under the  Charge by the Minister of Finance  that the Pacific .Great Eastern had  been a legacy from the late Government. The Government of the present day must accept the responsibil  ity for taking over the line. -  We are not responsible for that  Nor have we been responsible for the  incompetent- management- of that  project until today there is,a deficit  on operating cost,of half a million a  year under an incompetent manager.  You took over the road and' launched  into 'Government ownership. You  cannot blame us for'that, said ��������� the  Opposition Leader, who thereupon  proceeded to discuss the question  of the public debt of the Province.  "Today," he said, "the public .debt  is $66,15 9,961. .Deducting' sinking  funds amounting .to $9,150,463, the  net debt is $57,009,498. But there  were treasury bills outstanding aggregating $1,293,000, bringing "the  actual net debt to'!$58,302,498. The  net debt had jumped he-, said, from  $19,000,000 in 1916' to. $58,000,-  000 to-day, an increase of no' less  than $39,000,0001'' Last year the  Minister had informed the House the  net debt was but $47,000,000. Since  then some new-fangled ideas in bookkeeping had been "introduced, and it  is found that while the Minister owed $47,000,000 last year, and had  since been borrowing, the net "debt  now is $37,000,000.  "I wish I could do my borrowing  on that basis," said the Opposition  Leader, who drew a picture of himself supposedly owing $200,000 and  yet to be informed that he had $.100,-  000 coming-. Who was this wizard  who had wandered into the finance  department, asked Mr. Bowser, who  stated that the Minister could not  camouflage himself out of his debts.  He twitted Hon. Mr. Hart with including as "productive assets" and  taking at their face value such investments as $4,500,000 in the Land  Settlement Board; $2,635/000 under  the Soldiers' Land Act, and $1,195.-  000 invested in loans under the .Department of Industries'.  There was nothing in the address  about the University, claimed Mr.  Bowser, who congratulated the second member for Vancouver, Mr. Ian  Mackenzie, for bringing the matter  up In the House, and his contention  that the Premier's place to make any  such "announcement'of the Uniyerslty  was on the floor of the House.. The  Premier at that time had stated that  it was a practise of the British,Premier to make such statements at'  Guildhall banquets and ' other important centres. '     !      '  "A case of me and Lloyd George."  exclaimed Mr. Bowser.,   ' ,  Premier ^Oliver���������Why not?'  Sure enough, claimed Mr. Bowser,  it was a case of caucus rule as against constitutional government. In the.  Premier's statement on the University he had declared that the question had been settled by the caucus,  It was a case of the caucus calling  him, locking the doors, and the members telling, him, "You must build  the University." Just prior to that,  the' Attorney-General had made 'a  speech in iVctoria in which he had  stated that perhaps, there were too  many white-collared persons in the  Province. This opinion was'. overcome by the caucus. ���������  Still keeping to the University  question, Mr. Bowser recalled the  pre-election, promises made by Mr.  Farris,  then  Attorney-General.  "Yet this minister' of the Crown  remained in a 'Rip Van Winkle' sleep  waited until April, 1921", after the  House had, prorogued, to write to the  ��������� Minister of Education complaining  of the poor housing of the students  at the University," stated Mr. Bowser.    '''',.'  "hi my opinion, I say proceed with  the' University. Such a stand was  naturally to be expected at the linif-  the University was proposed. The  Conservatives had always been in  favor of the building of the University," he said.  Yet what, asked Mr. Bowser, had  the present Liberal Government  done in regard to tlfe University? He  contended that th present Governme  contended that the present Government ha'd raised money for everything else but the University until  the young. students had swooped  down upon the Capital and started  a noise, "went over the top," and  backed with a petition signed by 52,-  000 residents, the Government had  caved in to their demand.  Mr. Bowser commented in caustic  fashion upon the claim by the Minister of Finance that there would be  between seven (and eight millions  gained through the refunding .of  short term'loans when the exchange  rate was' now ot par.  "Old men see visions and young  men dream dreams," said Mr'. Bowser, amid laughter, but the Minister  had both seen visions and dreamed  dreams, :and he quoted . from presr.  .headlines' to' prove the Minister's  statements. He took it from the  speech of the Minister of Finance  that the latter had had a visitionin  1921. If such were the case, went  on-Mr. Bowser, why had the minister floated loans the shortest term  of which was three years?  . "My friend has not power to refund, as ingle loan he has floated un-  fund a single loan he has floated un-'  til it falls due, and who knows what  the exchange rate will': be in'-1925?"  he asked. "He borrowed 18 millions last year on .long term loans,"  'said Mr. Bowser, who cited the ability, of other provinces and organisations to float loans , at, a less rate  than was paid by, this Province. The  only places which did not receive  such a favorable rate, he said, were  Walkerville, Sudbury and other  small pointsj and they all' made their  loans long term ones, too, payable in  1941. _  "Who knew"what conditions, would  be in 1925? If the minister refunded a short term loan he would ^.have  to pay the customary commission,"  but that would give' Gillespie, Hart  & Todd another run for their money." The Government, he claimed,  should not have borrowed at a time  when interest rates were high.  'This man, has no right to be a  Minister of Finance if he knows he  can make' millions in short term and  yet he floats- long term loans. I confess at first I was financially intoxicated when I read of his claim to  make millions through refunding operations," said Mr. Bowser, "and in  the next breath we hear him tell us  he is doing well that he does not increase our taxes. And right on top  of that again comes his intimation  that he proposes to introduce another  loan bill."  Mr. Bowser pointed to the fact  that there was already existing authority to borrow $11,500,000, and  with another three millions proposed, the debt of the Province will  doubtless have another $15,000,000  added to it. He referred to The Colonist as quoting the minister's intention to take power to refund loans  as they fall due by Order-in-Council,  a most dangerous practise,' he claimed. There was only one bright feature to the situation, he said, and  that was when' these loans fell due  the Province would have the safeguard of another Government iu  power.  Relative to the reassessment of  timber lands', referred to In the Budget speech, Mr. Bowser declared the  Minister of Finance had no right to  give the work to Ryan, Mcintosh &  Co. without first calling for tenders.  He recalled that there was no more  persistent criticism against himself  by the Liberals than that he had been  guilty of issuing special warrants,  but now such practise appeared to be  different. He said that the Government is paying thirty-five cents per  acre for a twenty per cent cruise,  and thatUhere were many competent  firms -who would do the ��������� work for  twenty cents per acre.  Hon.  Mr. Hart���������-Names?  "Had you not entered into the  secret compact but, instead called  for bids, you would have got names,"  said Mr. Bowser, who held that Ryan  Mcintosh & Co., had cost the Province twice what it should and that  commercial cruising done in isolated  blocks, had cost but twenty-five cents  per acre. He inquired if it were nor.  a fact that, tlie Finance, Department  had received tender from the Forestry Department to do the same  work for thirteen cents an acre ,and  that the Government is payii. c if teen  cents for a cruise of loggL. ou areas  when the same work had actually,  been done for five cents. It, was a  matter,- he said, which should be  thoroughly investigated, and he suggested his friends opposite might  consider it in one of their celebrated  caucuses.  The poorest judgment had been  used by the Department of Industries  in making loans, said the Opposition  Leader, who pointed to the fact that  sixty-one loans, amounting to $1,-  094,471 had been made. Of these  forty-nine were, in arrears.' Such,  loans, he claimed, could hardly be  called "productive loans*' as' the  Minister of Finance sought to show.  The Minister had placed upon returned soldiers the blame for the  present condition of loans, and yet it  was a fact that the loans in worst  condition had not been made to returned soldiers at all. It ,was most  unfair, Mr. Bowser said, ' for the  Minister to seek to-blame the returned men. It was a remarkable circumstance that all of these , loans  had been made just prior .to the election of  1920. ;. , "  "You can see the connection r between the ballot box and the treasury of this Province," Mr. Bowser  said.  The Govez-nment's settlement project in the South, Okanagan district  also came in for sharp criticism from  the Leader of the Opposition, who  pointed out that $35,0)000 had been  paid,for $22,000 acres, one half of  which was irrigable and 3,167 acres  were actually under water,, at a total.  ���������cost with interest of $2,883,000. Of  theUl,000 irrigable acres; but 1,-  356 had been sold. The estimated  cost to complete the" project . was  $1,100,000.. In other words, the project would cost nearly; $4,000,000  before it was completed.. He recalled the Minister of Lands had pur. on  an advertising campaign, costing'  $1,352, to dispose of the lands and  had sent Major Clarke to India to secure some half-pay officers as settlers. That had cost an additional  $3,000 and had. resulted in two lots  being sold. ' ^  "That is financial ability for you,"  declared Mr. Bowser, who also point- .  ed at the Sumas Reclamation scheme  as another "productive loan"  financed  by  the    Government.       If    the,  Province got the same- return from  it as from- the South Okanagan pro- ,  ject;.it would be on a par with other  investments made.'  In conclusion, Mr.. Bowser referred to the Peace River section  where the farmers, lie said, were up  in arms' and demanding an investigation into grafting by Government officials. The Premier, he understood,  had received a petition ' asking . for  such an inquiry.  "I bring it publicly to his attention in this debate so there shall be .  no mistake abpu it. He should send  in a special investigator to ascertain  the truth or otherwise of the allegations. There can be no limit apparently to the mistakes which can be  made by some men in public life  when, they are spending the peoples  money," he said.  "This talk of reduction in expenditures, which we have heard from the  Minister of Finance, would appear to  indicate there may be an election  this year. So far as' we are concerned, death-bed repentances won't save  you. We are ready on this side to  accept the challenge; in fact we'  are looking eagerly forward to tire  opportunity. The people want the  opportunity as well, as all now agree  that no matter how valuable our na-  turable assets are, the best country  in the world and the best and most  industrious people can stand this  reckless pace but a short time hanger."  Premier Oliver moved the adjournment of the debate.  GAME IS AWARDED  TO MISSION TEAM  LANGLEY PRAIRIE, Nov. 27.���������  Mission was awarded the football  game Which was to have been played  with FernRidge on Nov. 4 by the executive of the Fraser Valley Football League. This game was called  off on account of the Fern Ridge  field not being in condition for play,  but no notificaton was received by  Mission City until they; arrived on  the field.  SUNDAY SHOOTING  AMENDMENT  URGED  VICTORIA, Nov. 25.���������An amendment to the Municipal^ Act allowing  organized districts to 'prohibit Sunday shooting was proposed recently  by Reeve Tilton and a delegation  from  the  Richmond  Council.  It was explained that as the situation stands today, Sunday shooting-  could only be prohibited in municipalities by makng it general throughout the whole province; which would  make it a hardship in the unorganized territories' and especially in the  camps of the big game hunters.  ���������fl  -J  'il  si  f.f  %  Ul  "IB  (4  > n  * i  I  I PAGE i-oua  THE AB'gOTSFORD POST  ,'Mttwm  Claiming that the present Provincial Liberal Administration has been  forced, through the' maladministration of its predecessors in office, to  * carry a burden that had taken all its  energy and thought to meet, Premier Oliver, in the Legislature continued ^the Budget debate and replic',  to some criticisms directed against  his government by Opposition members.  It cannot be said that the Premier had anything new to tell , tho  House. In fact his address was practically identical with that given by  him last, year under similiar circum  stances. For two 'and one-half  hours the Premier replied to opposition atacks-, paid his customary attentions to Mr. W. J. Bowser,' Opposition leader, and roundly berated  the latter for what, he alleged, were  incorrect-" statements knowingly  made.  It was noted, however, that Hon.  Mr. Oliver was in a more genial  frame of mind than he is wont to  display, and, at. times, his jovial re.  plies to across the floor firing, amused the House.  The Premier defended    the necessity of the present Government    in-  ���������   creasing taxation, blaiming this upon  the late government    which had, he  averred, left the    Province in a    deplorable condition; he    declared the  administration's  financial  operations  had been carried on   with the    main  idea1 of redounding to the benefit of  the people, and he ventured the prediction that- Mr. Bowser    never need  expect' that he would once    again be  at the head of the Government.  There is too much    talk    and too  ���������   little'work in this House," declared  ,  the'Premier in    concluding his    re-  .remarks.  From the standpoint of the public,  the'Premier's'effort must take second place to crowded galleries. Wed-  nesday the attendance was' compara-,  tively slim.  Mr. Thomas Pearson, Conserva-  for Richmond, who. adjourned' the  debate at the afternoon sitting, want  on at the night session last evening.  There are still a number of members of the House who desire to  have their say in the Budget debate,- and it would appear that the  forensic performance will be continued until the end of tlie present  week at least.  Complimenting the Opposition"  leader on the arrangement of the  latter's speech", and admitting the  Government expected criticism from  'the Opposition forces, Premier Oliver held that ��������� Mr. Bowser's' effort  had been a remarkably weak one,  that Mr. Bowser had appeared pv.z-  zled concerning matters which to  most people would appear clear.  The Premier paid considerable at-  , tention to the member for Cranbrook  (Mr. N. A. 'Wallinger), who was  ���������recently victor over the Liberal candidate at the by-election. He suggested that Mr. Wallinger should be  acquainted with public business after his long experience as' a member of the Government service; that  his remarks upon the ignorance of  members of the House in the affairs  of Cranbrook riding was not yet called for and he (Mr. Wallinger) waa  now in an excellent position to represent the needs of his constituency  to the members.  The Premier called into question  the statement of Mr. Wallinger that  the roads in that riding had been  neglected. He had had the privilege  of travelling over some of those  roads���������-at a rate he would not confide to the House���������but when one  could go from forty to fifty miles  an hour there could not be much  complaint with the roads.  c, Mr. J. W. Jones���������Was that on the  afternoon of the by-election?  The Premier held that the good  roads in the Cranbrook riding had  been built since the present Government came into power, many of the  old trails constructed by the former  government having been converted  into magnificent highways.  Referring to the request preferred by Mr. Wallinger    for a    reduc  tion in taxation on the'mining industry, the Premier stated he could  see no great necessity for such in  that particular district for had there  not been a Government- agent (Mr.  Wallinger) there, who took care of  the mines, who, when the companies  got into arrears, cancelled those arrears and advised them to get some  one to restake their properties? Then  too, he took issue with the statement  by the member for Cranbrook that,  civil scrvnats should not be dismissed  without reason.  , I have had to concur in    the dismissal of public servants and it      is  not in the public interest ' that   the  reasons be given.    The statutes' provide' that civil servants    shall    hold  office at the pleasure of the Lieuten-  ant-Governor-in-Council,     but; \ only  when the rule is applied in    particular instances was any cry made.    He  speaks of automatic increase    in salaries for civil servants.    There      ist  nothing in  our statutes    to provide  for such.    Owing largely to the    increased cost of living during the war,  there has been a thirty per cent ' increased in salaries have not increas-:  ed within the last year,    and    while  the Government has not    seen fit to  increase the salaries of    the    staff,  yet it had not subjected them to any  decreases    similiar to    decreases in  other lines of business.      In proportion to service rendered, I'know of  no better paid class than those      in  the civil service. We have one hundred applications for every vacancy:  If the employment is not congenial  or the salaries not attractive, why is  there such- a rush to    get a    Government job?" asked the Premier.  "One would imagine," said the  Premier, "that the Opposition' speaker felt that under no consideration  should a Liberal, be appointed to a  Government position. The ��������� former  Government had exercised .patronage  in respect of the service.for thirteen  years, aiid he could not call to mind  the case of the appointment of &  single Liberal. Personally he was  ready to continue to give^ employment until a "balanced service was  secured,"   he  said.  Mr. Bowser���������You are doing remarkably well.  The Premier had much to say regarding the criticisms voiced by Mr.  J. W. Jones, Conservative member  for South Okanagan, of the financial  operations of the Government and,  especially, the increasing' taxation ���������  There must be taxation, he held, if  the Government was to' meet the  burden inherited from the former  administration. He admitted the  people were restive, and he was- willing to take his share of, the responsibility for the increase in tlie public-  debt which had certainly not tended  to   decrease  taxation.  The increase in taxation, he stated,  was made in 1917, and its necessity  was the financial condition in which  the Province was then left.' He  quoted that from March, - 1911, to  19.1.7, six years, the Conservative, a/i*  ministration had deficits aggregating $18,358,761, an average yearly  deficit of over $3,000,000. During  1912-'13, a banner year for the then  Government, $3,300,000 had been  received from sales of lands' and  from timber royalties and licence  in excess of what they received in  revenue in their last year of office.  At the time they were disposing of  natural assets at a rate of five millions per year they were having  deficits, he said. 'On the eve of the  general election in .1916, the Opposition leader, as then head of, the Government, brought down a budget,  "the only one he ever did or ever  will," and it showed an estimated  revenue of six millions and estimated expenditures of over eleven millions. The late Premier Brewster  has asked in the House what steps  would be taken to cover the deficit,  and,the answer had been. "We are  now considering the matter." i  venue;of the Province , had- shrunk vinces to show the favorable rateu se- tion-and the allegation that the 'eau-  $6,218,522. Another reason for increase in taxation was ,because puL-j  lie debt charges had increased over  $500,000 in three years' time; because the late Government had prepared estimates to provide a deficit  of over $5,000,000 and ha.d left, office with liabilities accruing of over  four millions, and had left no provision wherewith to meet them, except  the Loan Bll of. 1916 for ten millions.  ' "I remember he told us' that that  would' not be the first loan bill ha  expected to put through. Yesterday  he told us he had a great heart, and  that was'why'he did not collect ai-  rears���������I would call it a gizzard���������and  I just wohderd what his friends,  the speculators who' had bought  millions of the Crown lands , by  means of fraudulent powers' of attorneys'- and syndicated, tne:u  through Europe and the United  States and. who,, under the guise o(  the Soldiers' Homestead . Act passed  by him, had their .holdings confiscated,-would think of that large  heart," said the Premier with emphasis-.  Referring; to .the criticism of the  Government on the point of its bank  overdraft' the -Preihier recalled the  Opposition Header had claimed the  late Government had left none .when  it went out of;,-.. office, v The bank  would not let him'have it, he sai I,  The bank credit of the prosent. Gov '  eminent was good, he declared, and  it had borrowed what it needed, as  much as eight,millions at a time, a  fact which indicated the bank was  fully satisfied with the credit of  the Government. ��������� At no time, l:q  stated, had the bank ever refused tj  accomodate the Government. But lie  uqot'ed" from a letter, one which had  done service", in House debates f )r  many years past,"to show that when  the late Government had sought -iv  float a loan' in new York, their  agents had written to say that they  found1 it necessary to provide for  heavy under-writing commission.  ' The Premier' compared the method  of financing'of the present administration ,to show that whereas the latter issued bonds and deposited the  money'in the bank,' paying commission on the-loan and securing, three  per cent: thereby losing on the negotiation; the present Government-arranged' an overdraft or a bank advance on treasury, bills, paying interest at five or five and one-half  per cent, and at no time"had interest  been paid'on'overdraft, which would  Have to be paid on the loans. When  market conditions were right; tho  bonds were floated and the treasury  bills repaid. It was a fact, he asserted  that practically nothing had' been lost  to the Province through that method,  rather hundreds of thousands had  been saved to the people.  The Premier quoted more figures  to show that ,the complaints concert.-  ing the alleged increase in land and  personal property tax were not justified. In 1916-17 land taxes totalled  $533,136; 1921-22, $995,129, not  quite double, ,and yet in the five years  there has been a large increase in  land assessment values. As for the  personaP property tax, in 1916-17 it  brought in $291,412, and-in 3 921-22  $625,554. The Government imposed  the poll tax, and the total increase in  all these three taxes had been $965,-  415,an increase not sufficient to meet  tlie annual interest charge upon the  bonds of the -P. G. E. Railway guaranteed by the last Government.  Calls it Comedy  Referring to Opposition Leader's  speech of Tuesday as "a comic entei.  tainment," Hon. Mr. Oliver paid further attention to M'r.'.J. .W. Jones, asserting that the Government had. done  more for the latter's district' than Mr  Jones was willing to admit. He disputed the assertion that the population of the Province had decreased, as  Mr. Jones had claimed. He quoted  to show that the school population of  the Province in 1916 had been registered as 64,570; in 1921 it was 85.-  000, an increase of thirty-five per  cent. Further, he disputed the ������.������-  sertion that the present'Government's  financial operations were keeping  capital out of the province, and to  prove it, he stated that in the pas<  month new companies were incorporated in the Province with a capita!  stock of $3,360,000.  Those must be hard up for argu  ,ments  who would "���������"' use statements  such as had the Opposition speakers  the Premier declared.    He compared  the'criticisms of the Opposition lead  er in 1916 when the latter was urging the Government not to increas<  taxation, but rather to borrow; today  that same member was roundlly criticising therGovernment for borrowing  too much.  "It  is  amusing  to  hear him  say  that we should restore the credit of  cured by British Columbia, a rate of  5.4 3 per cent, as compared with 6. per  cent, for Ontario and 5.42 for Manitoba.  ",    -Making' Trouble ut Merville  Premier Oliver, charged the Opposition .Leader and  members    of    his  party   with   going  into   the   Merville  area and casting an odium of responsibility on the Government to create  an   impression  that  if  they  were at  the head-of affairs matters in the settlement would be straightened    out,  no  matter what an     injustice    that  might  be  to the taxpayers    of the  Province.    He went on to outline the  start made with settling, the returned  soldiers  and   of  how,  at  a  meeting  held at Ottawa, in 1918, between the  Provincial  Premiers and  representatives of the Federal Government, the  idea prevailed with  the Government  to get rid of the returned soldiers at  the earliest opportunity.       He,    the  Premier,  had spoken  against such a  policy  outlined  by    the  acting Premier,  Sir  Thomas  White,  and    had  expressed the opinion  that from the  amount,of the last victory loan .    of  $637,000,000. they   could   have  adequately settled these    soldiers.    The  Ottawa .Government, he claimed, had  tried to get'away, from its responsibilities',   and   had  shipped   to  British  Columbia 23,000 more men than had  enlisted   from   this   Province.       The.  Department .of Industries, was put. up  as  a   temporary "measure   while   the  men from the Empress of Asia came  to  the  Legislature  failing assistance  from Ottawa.  These soldiers, explained Mr.  Oliver had chosen the land at' Mer-  villo. "For partisan purposes', members of the opposition had gone in'-.o  this area to belittle the Government's  efforts and, stated the Premier, 'it  was a scandal and shame for any  public man to make the position cf  these men at Merville more difficult-"  Had Treated Them Well  Quoting figures' of the assistance  given to certain settlers' in the area,  Premier  Oliver exclaimed:   .  "I challenge the member for Kaslo  or any other member, that we have  not given good treatment to these'  men far in excess of that of Ottawa  or any oher province."  Colonel Lister���������I'll tell him when  my turn  comes on  cus ruled in this case; the Premier  asked if it was good'policy'-for the  ratepayers of'British Columbiaj-'year  by year, to provide thousands of dol-.  ars for the salaries of University pro-  fessros. Mr. Oliver took issue with  Dr. McKechnie, chancellor of the University of British Columbia, in a  recent statement to the press, and  claimed that if the Government is  going to provide the money for this  University it was going'to see how  the money was spent.' The Government must liave control of the expenditure.  ,"I say that so far as the Government is concerned with education, it  is its first duty to take care of the  common schools. If there ls< justification for charging fees, to pupil3 in  the normal schools, then there.is all  the more justification for charging  fees to University students;" said the  Premier, who referred to petitions  circulated urging that work.be proceeded with on the University structures, and he said that if the people  who signed those petitions- had appreciated the fact that;for every student at the University^ there were  ninety who were-, forced to pay the  poll tax, perhaps they would not  have been so ready to sigh".  With' heightened'voice the Premier  assertod it was costing $400 per year  for each student attending .the- University. Many were there putting on  "finishing touches" and never expected to use the training secured in  their ordinary course of life. ' l(1or  them the University training, was  something beautiful, an accomplishment, lie was n.ot descrying a. University training, and was gjad he had  been'able to give audi'to each of  four-sons, but he was prepared to  cay that the :man-or woman whose  university-training-forms part of the  equipment for earning- a living  should contribute riiaterially" to the  cost of" that training.  The Premier- denied - the suggestion from the opposition' side that the  legislation passed in 1920 for University purposes was - part of election propaganda. He stated that the  $10"0;000 then spent on clearing  leands on the University site had not  been, authorized until after- the' date x  of the election',-and had been authorized to. assist in    meeting the -: then  Premier "Oliver stated he had been | prevailing unemployment problem.  advised that Mr. Bowser had promised the Merville settlers' that until a  deputation from the area had first  visited tlje Premier, he, Mr. Bowser,  would not deal v/ith-the question.  This Mr. Bowser denied,' although  the Premier came back with    a   "<���������  joinder   that  he   had   been   so     informed. , .,'       ,..,....  'Turning to Mr. Bowser's claim thaz  eighty to ninety per cent, of the loans  made to industries' would prove a  failure, Mr. Oliver referred to the  Western Canada Cordage plant at  New Westminster, which was making  i success, while the Sidney Roofing  concern was working night and day  A mill at Quesnel had been loaned)  money to cut timber for the P. G. E.  .ind the loan had been repaid.  Mr. John McRae, Yale���������Why not  reduce the taxes on the farmers and  out them on.the high salaried men-?  Premier Oliver���������Will you support  me-on that?  MrV  McRae���������Sure.-  Premier Oliver���������.Then I've got you  \vhere I want you. You had a different view la^st year. I'm not new at  the political game. If I did not  know what stand you are going to  Lake I would not be here long.  Voices from the opposition���������You  will' not be here long.  Turning to the railway situation.  Premied Oliver denied Mr. Bowser's  statement that the railroad policy of  the McBride Government had .not  cost the Province on cent. He referred to the Pacific Great Eastern,  and claimed that Mr. Bowser had  paid the first installment on, its  bonds during the election of 1916 although he had not' told the people so.  Then'���������following, the reading of the  private and confidential letter from,  Mr. Bowser to the late Premier  Srewster which has already been re.  ported in the .press on various occasions.  Asking for the letter, Mr. Pooley  inquired whether the Premier was  consistent in preventing the publication of secret service work while at  he same time disclosing confidential  letters.  Heatedly,   Premier   Oliver   replied  On the-question of unemployment,  Premier ' Oliver stated the governments and municipalities had decided the doles' system'would be eliminated and- an able-bodied mam-must  give full value. Putting, the.Point  Grey lands on the market this.coming winter, would .materially. assist  in solving the problem.'  ^'And'I want- to'say'that so far as  possible there shall be full value secured for the money expended," declared the Premier.  Tiie necessity of filling iip the vacant places of the Province with a  virile type' of settler1 was' emphasized  by the Premier, who-held that too  large a proportion of the Province's  population is located in the congested centres. ' He was not in favor of  unlimited immigration. But' in transplanting the people from the congested areas-to the.land was a work of  humanity and the Province invited  those people to coirie^. But' Canada  was not a country like an orange, to  be sucked and then thrown away.  "We want a population tied to tne  land, that their interests will be  there. The" Dominion is co-operating  with the'Imperial authorities' to1 work  out a plan-and the Western Canada  Colonzatipn is spendng a million on  the same object," he said.  "The policy of British Columbia  should be to encourage' only settlers  wlio have a reasonable-'-amount,-1 sufficient to start;them1 in their' new  life; who will not be a burden. We  have ample space,' and the policy of  the Government should be to encourage that type> of- settler," said the  Premier, who apologized for the time  he; had taken in making his speech,  but stated that while many of the  matters he had dealt with were not  worthy of the-attention of the''members, yet it was: because of the criticism directed against him and the  Government that he had dealt with  them.  "It would be much better for this  country if we had more work and  less talk in this House," concluded  the  Premier.  Mr. Thomas-Pearson, Conservative  member for Richmond, moved the ad  .haTthe'rcaBOn"of" tiie ~divuiging'"of | Journment of the debate.  the contents of the letter was because FABMERS gBBK  "This Government' had to increase  taxation  because the    revenue from the Province to where it was in 1916  the  land  had  decreased   $2,224,000 All that I-can say is'that if he   gets  per annum;    because    the    revenue the people to return him they will he  r   ���������.,   .���������     ,,    ���������    .'���������'.      .  " ', sorry,    said the Premier, who made  from timber    licenses    had    shrunk a comparison) betwietf the loans float-1  $979,741; because the aggregate re- ea by the Province and' other Pro-;  Mr. Bowser had broken the agree  ment in the letter following the  leath of Premier Brewster, and with  .he document in his possession he  had felt compelled to make it public.  Mr. Sam Guthrie���������What about my  resolution asking for a special committee of inquiry to  charges?  FAVORABLE  LAWS  VICTORIA, Nov. 25.���������C. W. Whit  neyrGrifflths,'-chairman of the Farmers' Institutes advisory board;    last  ; week asked the agricultural commit-  in vesti������T.t������itee to ^wniend legislation    enab-  e    ' j ling farmers to pay part taxes when  Premier       Oliver���������The     Speaker  .���������ules it out of order.  M'r.    Guthrie.���������Yes;   I  noticed    it  suited you all right.  Premier        Oliver���������Certainly.      I  would have voted against it. If     ^  uember wants to    make    a    charge  ���������gainst a minister or a member,   let  '*"��������� *--"1'n "��������� +'ro^ h'q pont and it will  be dealt with.   I am not    going   to  accept statements of a    disreputable       e'  FuPe������ ,Jhis same paper allegecl that      Mr> j. F. stuart-of Stuart Motors.  the Sullivan    report    cost    $25,000 has brought in the   new    Chevrolet  when as a matter of fact it only cost car<    The model is the latest on the  ?u'm      i    ���������'*   L������    tt ,       ,. market and Mr. Stuart thinks it will  Turning to the   University    ques- be *good seller.  they could not afford full payment.  ���������They *also asked for a basis' of as-  power; better control of fire permits for land clearing purposes to'  prevent destruction of property, that  sessment of farm lands on earning  the anti-dumping clause be restored in full effect and that district  agriculturists be appointed by tho "  government throughout    the    prov-  wtfettiftiBMHifliJHawitui  vasmeam&Mummtmimmm Is  a#  ItkiH AJBEOTSFOKDPOSi-  PAGES   FIVE  A..E. HUMPHREY  S:C. L and Surveyor and  ., CTvil Engineer.  Room   6-''Hart'.Block,   Chilliwack  Box    422, CHILLIWACK  NOW IS TIME  SIS  C FOR BREEDING       I A ������������'^#;^    J������������.       ' ,w       n    j.  PENS FOR SPRING   ^SlUUC   ISSUC   Is   Pllt  Squarely to Assembly  YarwoodADurran  BARRISTERS and]  SOLICITORS  . LAW OFFICE  OPEN   EVERY   FIJI J) AY  ABUOTSFOBD,   B.   C.  .,iii������ft3  kim M. BR0K0������SK1 ^,  AUCTIONEER and  VALUATOR  And ion Sales Conducted  - '. - *  SATISFACTION GUAHANTlQIiil)  LIVE STOCK a. Specially  P. 0. Bo:: 94  \<r  j  'PROFITABLE INSURANCE  Let me -insure your build  ings, not fire insurance, but  against^ decay by ravages of  wind andr weather. ��������� A. coat or  two,of Kood paint is a splendid  investment, and the fall -Js the  best, time to apply it,-as a protection    against. the,   winter's  ���������   >    dampness.  \ Estimates   free���������prices   reasonable. -   . -,  J. E. PARTON  ������������������ Painter and-   Papevhanger  ABBOTSFORD,   B.   C.  AGENT-GENERAL'S BILL  ':' IS REING QUESTIONED  VICTORIA,-.'.Nov.   25.���������Travelling  expenses .'of $4',267.82, in addition to  .32,648.14  paid  by  the    government  to fix up living quarters in    British  Columbia-House, quurtc -s i'or which  , he pays'no rent, arc ilo.-ns cJimoc-ied  .-\yith the :admiriisiration of Mr. Fred  C. Wade as'r.Agent    General in London:    Particulars of Mr. Wade's' recent'trip to. Victoria and whether Lhe  government, paid his expenses are at  present on the'.: order paper. ,    ,  THE ROMANCE OF   EATING  Physicians have discovered that  ..the stomach fronts just as the heart  ,'does. This se'ents;.to give novelists  a wonderful opportunity to revive  the.literary interet in eating and to  make it sound more .thrilling. ��������� than  ever before:-For instance:  "His' stomach, beat faster and faster as' he glimpsed . the beautiful  lemon, pie."    . ' - - ' .     '..  His .stomach missed a beat as he  saw the bread pudding, but he did  not. flinch."���������Chicago News.  Will Keen Him.Busy  i Clerk���������"So,you wish to open n  joint account with your husban''.:.  Current or- drawing?-'      ���������..  She���������"Oh,  deposit  for    him���������,���������'  drawing for- me.".  "If these kids would use some ol  that soap,' ariiiui'd their own ears,"  said a businessman as he watched'  the Hallowe'euors marking up the  sho'p windows, "it would be a  "shramsight better for the community."   ''.-"...    "...''.' ,>  Const i pat Ion's   G ure  w must come from", nature.    Celery *  King ia a mixture of medicinal  herbs and roots that rids the eya-   "  tiem of impurities  in  a  gentle,  natural way. An old and well tried  remedy���������30c and 60c packages.  A>:Salesman-s;Cough.  irritatea his customers���������and makea  him inefficient and .miserable.;  Shrluh* .���������],-��������������� the ideal remedy���������it iB  not the ordinary bulky cough cure  but a special formula proven successful for many years.������ A few  drops brings immediate relief.  :'30c, 60c and $1.20.  All druggists.  Mr.  Willian    Tozer gave    an    ad:  dress recently to the members of the  New Westminster Poultry  ''and    Pet  Stock Association on    ,-All the Year  Round Poultry Work."    He said that  it seemed like bringing coals to' Newcastle for him to address a gathering  of experienced poultrymen on a subject which they must know thoroughly..  There was nothing    new    under  the sun) but there might be different  aspects of the same    situation    crop  up, which might be of some little use.  ��������� The beginning of the poultry year,  said Mr. Tozer, was generally    commuted from November.    It was    tin-.  month when the old birds were tired  ;. uci die young ones    coming    on;    a  time of shedding of clothes and looking cheap, and a time of    handsome  gay feathers among    the    young.    It  was at this time when the old birch:  looked cheap that he advocated giv-  ig them    particular    attention.      He  thought   that  the   birds  deserved   to  be made comfortable    and    cheered  with good food and    protection from  drulights. , One could see what ' the  birds were doing,    and    when,  they  woro 'hunched up and    miserable    it  would  be. well  to provide them with  plenty of deep, dry    litter.     .Specml  care should be extended to the birds  for which if was intended.  '���������Remember," ' said Mr. Tozer,  "that what you put into a chicken  you get out of it. Birds are very  human and they respond to good  food and comfort. Keep' them so  that they go singing all the day and  yoif will got the best they are capable  of." -   ,     '"  It was now a good time to make  selections' for tho breeding pens and  in this connection the male should  have as many of the foffowing qualities as possible: A good fine head,  good strong comb and well developed wattles of a waxy .texture; a  leng broad back; legs standing apart,  sturdy and well set; appearance,  courageous: "Keep off���������this bo-  longs to me." The birds .should be  got .into the best condition for next  year. The selection of the female  was much the same. -  . In connection with fail work, the  question of the advisability of using  artificial-light was-one that each mnn  must decide for himself. Personally  Mr. Tozer believed in a moderate uss  of electric light, giving the birds  about LI or 12 hours of darkness. A  good many poultrymen threw on the  light but forgot to throw in food.  They-'wer.e working ��������� their' birds to  death with too long hours and insufficient nourishment. "He recommended three pounds of extra /eed  for every 100 birds where artificial  light was used.      v. .'   .  Now, too, was the time to look forward to and make arrangements' for  ���������spring hatching.      It    was    well.'.to  think .of how  to    procure    hatching  eggs.    The birds should    be    mated  about six weeks   . before    the - eggs  were required to give them time    to  settle down.    With light  breeds the  eggs would be? required in February  and the pens should be' mated up .by  January 1.    He advocated    choosing  good large eggs with    smooth shells  and without any defect.    The fresher they were so much1 better was the  hatching likely    to    be.      The    egg<s  should be turned to move    the germ  in the' egg before they went into the  incubator.    He had a    sort of    seesaw cradle, and in the    morning    he  moved it in one ufrection and another in the evening.    The   germ    described from a quarter to a third    of  a  circle   during   the   movement.     In  the case of the setting hen, he    recommended that she be made comfortable in a nice, warm    packing case.  A good dust bath,    and    plenty    of  food and water were necessary. The  eggs should be tested, as' there    was  no use in setting a hen pn    infertile  eggs.  Too much was made of the    difficulty of managing .an incubator Mr  Tozer said.    Skill1 was not required  only care and attention to the rules!'  In connection with moisture, - ho.  recommended Mr. Charles Good's  rule, which was to "weigh the eggs.  At rixe end of six days 100 eggs  eggs should lose 10 ounces by evaporation. If they lost more the evaporation was too great, and if less,  they should have more air or ventilation. Small quantities of eggs  could be tested in proportion.  Incubators, he said, were not self  running. Poultrymen must watch  tlf'o thermometer during the day and  trust to a merciful Providence during the night. He noticed that there  wits a variation of one degree for  every ten degrees variation outside  the incubator. h\ the winter the  variation.-on a cold night would be  about 30 "degrees) which would  mean 3 degrees in the incubator. A  little watching the weather would  generally, help one.to decide what  additional heat would be necessary.  He was not so much afraid of the  eggs being cooled as of being cooked.  Ho once left a tray out from 2:30 to  8 o'clock and all that happened was  that the chicks took a. little longer,  to hatch out.  Turning the eggs was  -������*  VICTORIA,   Nov.   27.���������The  necessary.  They were turned once at Ottawa and  the hatch was not so good. Twice  daily was the best system.  Mr. Tozer then spoke on the temperature of the brooder room the  care of chickens, the qualities 'that  a. poultry man should serve to attain  and on co-oporative selling.  Sloan  and Oliver play to the gallery in tho  matter of Asiatic immigration perhaps was intended as a diversion to  lessen attention to the.- staggering  burden of recent debt disclosed by  tlie budget; .and certainly the move  is having a measure 'of success in  that direction, Premier Oliver gets  the credit of presenting a mirror of  his own mind when in his characteristic attempt to use the Speaker to  stifle discussion he sought to have  Mr. Bowser's troublesome ' amendment ruled.out'of order, on the complaint that it is merely partisan politics. ,    ' -,  That the leader of the opposition  intended to bring the subject before  the house was no secret.    Two events  of   the   recess" had  challenged     this  course:    namely the action of      the  Liberal government at Ottawa in'disallowing the    provincial    legislation  designed to exclude    Asiatics    from  the timber industry;    and' the claim  of  the   federal   prime, minister  Mackenzie King, that the legislature    of  British  Columbia^had    not intended  exclusion  by their-resolution of last  session   but merely    the    restriction  then promised by:Ottawa.'  - In ordinary course the government  that had forwarded the resolution of  last session would not have repeated itself in the legislature;"and it  was plainly political tactics, therefore, that impelled the presentation  of the resolution by Mr. Sloan, the  minister of mines,' who forestalled  Mr. *BoiWser by. offering the following: '.'������������������'  ."Whereas the ���������- Immigration- Act  of Canada and regulations thereunder have failed to stem the tide of  Asiatic immigration into Canada:  "And whereas the industrial and  economic life of Canada and particularly of the Province" of British  Columbia, is threatened by competition forced by a,' growing foreign  population with a,.lower'standard - of  living than that ' necessary for the  well-being of Anglo-Saxon ��������� civiliza-  tion: ....  "And whereas there is a- strong  and compelling sentiment deve'.cping  in Canada, especially marked in > the  Province of British Columbia, at  present'most affected, that effective  protective pleasures must be adopted: ..!"���������;  "Therefore-be' it' Resolved, That  this Legislative Assembly places itself on record,.as being in favour of  the enactment of such amendment  to the Immigration Act of Canada as  is -necessary tOT'completely prohibit  Asiatic Immigratori into Canada:  "And be it further. Resolved, Th -,t  an humble Address-be presented ' to  His Honour- the Lieutenant-Governor  praying that a copy.of the Resolution  hereinbefore set out be transmitted  to the Hon. the Secretary of State or  other proper official at Ottawa.  The intention-oft'this spineless resolution was made evident by the in-  struction of its last, paragraph, that  it should be forwarded simply to the  leaders of the Liberal party at Ottawa; in contrast to the instruction  of last session, that'the then resolution of..the'legislature should be sent  to all three leaders' at Ottawa for  their information and guidance. Mr  Sloan's resolution could easily be  explained by the federal Premier as  an endorsation of his' effective restriction" compact with the Japanese  consulate; and just as easily held in  British Columbia to be-a more stalwart declaration than thai of last  year because it -says "completely  prohibit' instead ot "totally restrict."  In Mr. Bowser's view the Sloan  resolution fell far short of what tlie  occasion calls for, namely a firm declaration to the powers that be at Ottawa that British Columbia protests the continued-.'., control by \an  Asiatic power of "the movement . of  Asiatics to Canada; and also that  this province protests the continuance of a    treaty    which    interferes  "That all words in the resolution  ownership of land and employment  in British Columbia. So he offered  as nn amendment-the following:  "That all words in the esolution  after the words, 'Anglo-Saxon civilization' be struck out, and the 'following added:  "And whereas the    said resolution  and compelling sentiment now in  Canada, especially marked in the  Province of British Columbia, at  present most affected, for the total  exclusion of Asiatic immigration into   Canada:       ��������� ,  . "And whereas at the last  Session  of the House of Commons of Canada  .a resolution was moved requiring the  total exclusion of Asiatic    immigration .into Canada:  "And whereas thes aid resolution  was amended and passed by the said  House of Commons so a% to strikeout the words 'total exclusion,' and  substitute ��������� the words 'effective restriction':  "And whereas this resolution sr-  passed as amended, if in any . way  carried into effect by law in Canada  in actual.practise, can only mean  that some treaty or arrangement will  be made with some Asiatic power or  people or that regulations -will bo  made in Canada for the admission  into Canada of Asiatics under certain restrictions.     ,  "And whereas, if-such treaty or  ararngement is made or if any regulation is passed, unless the rights of  ths Province arc preserved, it,will  have ther effect of curtailing' tho  Provincial right of0the Province to  enact legislation prohibiting the em-  "pioyment"ofAsiatics in industries of  the Province or prohibiting . the  ownership of lands by Asiatics in  this' Province,' both of which are a  growing menace to our people:  "And whereas practically all As7  iatic immigration into Canada comes  into or through . the Province of  British Columbia, and as a result  the, menace of this' immigration will  always be much- greater in British  Columbia than in other parts of  Canada: ,  "Therefore be it .Resolved, That  this Legislature Assembly, places itself on record as-being opposed to  the making of any treaty or arrangement with any Asiatic power or the  passing of any regulations by . the  House of Commons of Canada or under the 'Immigration of Asiatics into Canada unless the same have been  made subject to the approval of the  Legislative Assembly of the Province  of British Columbia before the same  becomes effective, or unless such  treaty or regulations specially reserves to the Province of British Columbia power and the right to pass  laws prohibiting the ownership ��������� by  Asiatics of land or interests therein'  in Britsh. Columbia and'the employment of Asiatics ' in industries in  British Columbia.  "And be it farther Resolved, That  this  Legislative," Assembly place    itself on record as being in favour   of  the enactment of such    amendment  to the  'Immigration Act' of  Canada  as is necessary to . 'totally    prohibit  any Asiatic' immigration into Canada.  '."And.be it further Resolved, That  this Legislative  Assembly  places  itself on record as being in favour of  the   enactment   of  such   amendment  to .the-'Immigration1 Act' of  Canada  as is necessary to    totally    prohibit  any   Asiatic   immigration   into   Canada.  "And be it further resolved, That  an -humble address be presented to  His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor, praying that a copy of the  Resolution hereinbefore set out be  transmitted to the Hon. the Secret-  tary of State or other proper official  at Ottawa.'"  That  the Bowser rather than the  Sloan treatment of the subject more  fully,  represent   the   public , opinion  of the province appears to be beyond  argument, but as ' Mr. Bowser    puts  the matter squarely up to the party  in power    at Ottawa    without    any  equivocation     Premier   . Oliver    has  thrust caution to the winds by coming to the rescue of his federal patrons.    No part of the-'Bowser resolution can be voted down    by    any  member who pretends to    represent  the views of the great majority     of  the people of the province;  but Mr.  Oliver's appeal to the Speaker to rule  the amendment out of order    offers  escape from the dilemma.    The hope  that the Speaker may. be influenced  hy the plea that it is irregular to ask  Ottawa to subject legislation to provincial censorship or scrutiny is basted on    confession of    impropriety of  the similar demand of the resolution  of last November, addressed by    Mr.  Oliver's    legislature to    the government of his opponents then in power  at Ottawa.  Whatever the message, be it  Sloan's or Bowser's, that finds' its  way to Ottawa as the result of these  proceedings, this catchpenny play on  the part of the pair of provincial  statesmen is bound to lead to the  embarrassment of their party. The  federal Premier told parliament on  the occasion of the McQuarrie resolution, that the present Liberal government would not be a party to the  total exclusion of either Japanese or  Chinese, and distinctly laid down as  his policy that'Japanese are to continue to be admitted under regulation by the Japanese government,  while negotiations are going on with  the Chinese government to substitute a system of free admission under-passports' to be issued by a Canadian agent, in place of the present  scheme of limitation by a head tax.  That is the Liberal policy at Ottawa,  made in the most definite and formal  way and pledged to the two Asiatic  powers even In advance of communication to the Canadian governmen.  In the meantime, it is interesting  to note thee omplete conversion of  the Conservative leaders at Ottawa  to the British Columbia view as evidenced  by Mr.  Meighen's statement  SHOWS INROADS  OF,   ASIATICS  VICTORIA, Nov. 23.���������-Further.  discussion on the resolution -introduced- in the Legislature - by Capt.  Ian Mackenzie, Liberal member, for  Vancouver, seeking the aid of Ottawa  :o prohibit the owning or leasing of  land by Orientals in British Columbia, was continued in the House yesterday afternoon by Hon. E. D. Barrow.  The situation in the Fraser Valley  especially in the Maple Ridge, Haizic  and- Mission districts,    and the fear  that the Asiatics may attempt to   invade the   reclaimed      land   In   the,  Sumas area, was outlined by the Min  ister of Agriculture.  ��������� Mr. Mackenzie sought the approval of the Legislature to a memorial  to the government of the    Dominion  of Canada petitioning it "to grant its  ���������assent and accord its    active    assistance to the obtaining of an amendment  to  the  British North  America  Act,  giving the    province of British  Columbia,  at present most affected,  the power to make laws prohibiting  Asiatics  from  acquiring  proprietary  interest, in any form whatsoever,, in  agricultural lands in Britsh    Columbia, in the timber lands    of    British  Columba, in. the    mineral    lands, of,  ������������������British  Columbia,  or in. the  fishing  or other industrial    enterprises   car- .  ricd on with the province of British  Columbia, and from    obtaining employment in any of,   the ' above-mentioned industries;  and, further, that.-  the government of the Doiminicm    of.,  Canada be respectfully requested , to  grant adherence on the part of Canada to no treaty or binding international obligation in any form   what-/  soever having the effect of limiting  the authority of the legislatures as,  set out by the terms of    this resolution." -    ,  ,   Mr. Barrow stated that two years  ago, the department    of    agriculture  had ordered a survey to acquire data..  for the Imperial    Conference at Lon-.,  don  in  June,' 1921,  Avhich    showed,  that 14,500 acres were'   owned, and  12,868 acres were,leased to Japanese  and Chinese in the    province.      The,,  department was satisfied that , these  figures     had materially     increased  increased since that date.    In    connection with small fruit, 4500 acres .  were under cultivation, of which the  Japanese  controlled   2341  acres,  all  of which, claimed Mr. Barrow, added  to the problem' facing the marketing  of this fruit.    In truck farming, the  Chinese predominated, owning 1633  acres and leasing 8184,    as    against  281 owned by . Japanese    and    5KJ  'acre's leased. ' Ninety per ' - cent,    of  the supply of, truck produce shipped  into Vancouver was grown by'Orlen- ,  tals, while 55 per cent, of the*entire ,  potato crop of British Columbia/was  grown  by these Asiatics.  It was a ti,me to take- a stand  claimed the minister, who pointed to  inroads in the Victoria district by  'Orentals in the matter of producing  hothouse fruit and vegetables. It  was probably impossible to dispossess these Orientals of the land they  now possess,- but the motion aimed  aimed at by Mr. Mackenzie was to  prevent them from acquiring more. ,  The Orientals were particularly '  active on the north shore of the Fraser river, but the danger also existed in the Sumas district, claimed  he speaker. In his district of Chilliwack a kind q.f gentlemen's agreement existed whereby the Orientals  were kept away.  Canon     Hinchliffe,.   Conservative,  member  for Victoria,  claimed  there  had not been a    single    note of ex- ,  planation by the mover of the resolution when introducing the motion.  Mr. Fred Anderson adjourned the  debate.  DEAN  SOLEMAN  RETURNS TO COAST  VANCOUVER, Dec; 1���������Dean H. T.  J, Coleman, head oF'the Faculty of  Arts and Science at the University of  British Columbia, returned to this  city recently after a tour of interor  and Okanagani pons, where he spoke  on educational topics. He visited  Kamloops, Revelstoke, Salmon Arm  and Penticton, speaking under the  auspices of the University Extenson  Society.  to the Commons;   This was:  "Let it be understood that so far  as I am concerned I favor exclusion.  I think we must have it. I do not  care how it is brought about, but I  do think it has got to be -brought-  about. Restriction will not do. It  must be restriction of such an absolute character that it excludes."  Mr. Meighen suggested to the government, that if the desire, for diplomatic reasons, was simply to  avoid the use of the word "exclusion," the word "prohibition" might  be substituted, that word being already employed in the immigration  act without offence to any quarter.  But although Premier King publicly  declined to accept this suggestion,  the Sloan resolution craftily ' adop-  ���������the Meighen expression. The Bowser amendment, also, but naturally,  'adopts it. Thus, Oliver, Bowser and  Meighen have in common a sentiment  which Mackenzie King resents and  resists; and that is where the Sloan  and Oliver statesmanship has stranded the faithful in the legislature! THE ABBCf SF6&D POST, ABBOTBFORD, B.  '=RBS-5B������  a  vinwmaT}0uWa*kiuammmMzm  I'ligSg  WE GIVE YOU  Always prompt, polite service nt this market  Such attention, naturally go  with  the fine qualities of meats which we sell.  ���������      S.F. WHITE  B.   C.   Phone   41.  Farmers' Phoue 19 09  Abbotsford, B.C.  PERSONALS  the ro-  Chilli-  at  the  C.  at  C.  the  McDiarmid  Manse  on  Aldergrove  J.    J-  Mrs.  Hershey of Iowa was  cent guest of Mrs.  1-1. Fraser  Mr. and Mrs. J.    Stefan of  wack  were  week-end   visitors  heme "jf Mrs. 1-i. Frosei'.  Mr. R. Steiss was a recent visitor  to coast cities. ,  Rev. W. Robertson visited Rose-  dale on Monday and took part in tho  introduction of .the ' new' Presbyterian minister, Rev. Mr. Jackson.  Mr. and Mrs.. J. Godson were visitors , in Vancouver this week.  Rev. and Mrs.C. C. McDiarmid of  Mission" City were recent guests at  the home of Mrs. H. Fraser.  Capt. and Mrs. Baldwin and-family have moved, to Keremeos, where  thy will reside. Their recent residence has been rented by Mr. Heller,  who has already moved in.  Mrs. Fraser and family accompanied by Mrs. Hershey of Iowa were  the guests of Mr. and Mrs.' J. Steffan  on- Thursday', and celebrated the  American Thanksgiving with a  dinner.  Rev.. and Mrs.  were entertained  Thursday.  Mr.' Bingham-,    who    lives on the  Vye Road is moving away.      Mr. A.  Brokovski has rented his    farm, but  , will-also continue his    auction    sales  in Abbotsford.  ''Mrs. Thomas of Huntingdon . accompanied-by her sister, Mrs. Mc-  Cabe and, children of Levenworth  were the guests of Mrs. J. McMenemy on Monday.  Mr. Bell was a visitor to Vancouver during the week.  Miss J. .Vannetta    of  was the guest of Mr. and Mrs  Vannetta' at the week-end.  Miss-Faith Waters of Vancouver  is visiting her sister, Mrs. TV Perks.  Mr. and Mrs. A. M. King' visited  Vancouver during the week.  Miss Bessie McNeill who has been  the guest of her aunt, Mrs. T. McMillan, has returned to her home tin  Vancouver.  1   Mrs. E. A. Barrett was a    recent  visitor in Vancouver.  Mr. Joe Heath spent the week-end  in Vancouver.  Mrs. W. J. Ware visited Vancouvei  this week.  Mrs. M. McMillan and Mrs. A. Taylor were the guests of Mrs. lhsley,  Langley Prairie on Tuesday.  The regular monthly meeting of  the W. C. T. U: will be held at the  ,home of Mrs. -H. Fraser on Tuesday  afternoon, December 5th. 'During  the session the W. C. T. U. of Sumas  City will be the guests of the local  society.    -  On the eve of her departure for  Sedro Wooley,' Miss Emmie Alder  was pleasantly surprised by a number of friends who called at her  home on Monday evening.  Mr. A. Mclnnes has gone to Cultus  Lake, where he has accepted a situation. '  Master George Smith of Coiling-  wood spent the week-end at the  home of Mrs. A. Mclnnes.  Capt. and Mrs. Whitchelo attended the Shriners' convention in Bellingham on Saturday.  Mr. and Mrs. C. Mosher of Haney  were the guest of Mr. and Mrs. VV".  Harknes on Sunday.  . The G. W. V. A. lease has expired  on the hall in the Copping block  which the association has been using  and it has been decided to renew  same. It is the intention of the G.  "W. V. A. to secure lots and build s-a  small club house in the near futu-e.  Steps have been taken to keep musicians coming Into Canada from  United States'to play for dances.  The semi-final game... Tor tho  Packenham Cup, in --which Abbocs-  ford won over Langley Prairie with  a score of,.'2-0, on November 1.1th.  and which was protested by the Langley Prairie team, nnd later appealed the Abbotsford team was finally  settled In favor of Abbotsford at a  meeting held on Wednesday evening.  Mrs. A. Sutherby of Ladner .visited friends in Abbotsford on Thursday.  KVKRV   SIOTTLKB   IS A PHOBLEM  Mr. J. Towlan of Mt. Lehman  was in town to-day on busness. He  looks younger than most young nien.  Mr. J. Fowler of Mt. Lehman and  Gifford did. business here to-day.  VICTORIA, Nov. 27.���������"Four  times out of the five I have addressed lhe House this session I have  done so purely to correct mis-statements of Opposition members ��������� re-  barding tlie soldier settlements at  Merville and Creston." said Hon. E.  D. Barrow, Minister of Agriculture,  Friday   afternoon. ���������-  He reviewed again the task with  which the government was confronted in establishing these areas, and  lfe said that by next-spring it must  be settled one way or the other how  these settlements were to be conducted' in   future.  Hon. Mr. Barrow said that time-  showed whether or'not a man was  mentally and physically able to succeed in life. Almost invariably those  properly    equipped did so    and    the  mis-fits   failed.  The 115 settlers at Merville presented 115 different problems, he  declared. The farms ran in value  from nothing to $6000,. Of'the 115,  farms had been secured by 22 - for  nothing. Thirteen veterans had obtained their places for less than  $100 each; 12 farms cost $100 and  $200; 13 betwen $200 and $500; 11  between $500 and $1000; 7,between  $1000 and $2000; 14 between $2000  and $3,000; 8 between $3,000 and  $4,000, and three over $4,000. ,  All the men tffust be considered  on a basis of equity, he proceeded.  Many had borrowed up to- the limit  and in many cases where they had  been refused' further aid criticism  had   arisen. .       ��������� '    -.-  Hon. Mr. Barrow said the Opposition had been cheap, in their criticism of Colonel Davies (and Latta.  These officials had performed good  work. Mv: Bowser had objected . to  the appointment of Colonel 'Latta to  the Land Settlement Board because  he had been a printer. The truth  was, said the minister, that Colonel  Latta had pioneered as a farmer in  Chiliwack and Surrey harder than  the Merville veterans. "Furthermore,  he had left an enviable record.    .  The minister said that to call "Colonel Davies a "petty grafter" was  most unjust.        /  J. W. Jones interjected- that,, the  report of the colonel's connection  with the sawmill at Merv-ille wa������  contained in the report, of the committee appointed by the government  to investigate conditions there.  Hon. Mr. Barrow: Colonel Davies  and, Latta joined up as privates and  rose to be colonels.  Colonel Lister: Colonel Davies was  mobilized as a major. -  After further explanation of the  difficulties facing the - government  in this' connection, the minister appealed for fair play. Unusual conditions had led to the establishment of  the soldier settlement areas, he said,  and the government was doing its  best to give the veterans the best of  the bargain'.  A nice new stock of Wall Paper  has come to hand.  Just the right kind/to make the  roonis cheerful during . the'fall and  winter months. '  A Good Vaiiety To   Choose From  A. R. GOSLING  Box 31 - Abbotsford,  B. C.  All   Work   Guaranteed  Advertisements under  heading cost 2������    cents  the  per  above  issue.  VICTORIA, Nov.' 25.���������Complaint  that the History of Europe in 0.ur  Own Times', as used in the University of British Columbia was un-  British and thoroughly American,  Vas made by Canon Hinchliffe. Conservative member of Victoria, in the  Legislature, when speaking in the  budget debate. The former resident  of New Westminster pointed to tho  fact that in no single instance was  the word Canada mentioned in the  pages devoted'to the ���������'World War,  while several pages, were devoted t6���������  the "gallant" deeds of the American  troops who were made out as having  "Won  the War."  - FOR SALE���������Eleven acresyof good  land on fine road near the mill. Well  fenced. Well built five-roomed  house with pantry, verandah back  and front, out buildings, good water.  About four acres cleared. Will sell  cheap for all cash, would" give good  terms. For price.and..particulars apply to owner, Charles Grimley;  Abbotsford,  B.  C.  :    .;,  Also Auto Knitter Triplix. new, all  complete. Cost $83.00 will sell foi  $55.00.  SAYS II. C. SCHOOL  HISTORY UN-BRITISH  BERRY GROWERS CARRY ON  Our line of Christmas Groceries is complete  in ev.ery respect, and our prices are right. ,We  are in a position to give you excellent service.    '  ALBERT LEE, Baker and Grocer  NOTARY PUBLIC  Marriage Licences Issued  REAL. ESTATE���������Mouey io litmit o������ Good Farm Mortgages  Abbotsford  ROO AND GUN  The December issue of "Rod and  Gun, In Canada" is one which may  truly be sad to combine quantity  and quality, and the many readers  of this national sportsmen's journal  will no doubt take a lot of keen delight out of this number, the con-,  eluding issue for 1922. There are  several splendid articles and a number of particularly good stories,  among them the humorous yarn,  "They Went Fishing." The Guns  and Ammunition department contains highly valuable articles by J.  R. Maftern and E.T.D. Francis. J. W.  'Winsoii excels In "Blanketings",  'while the Trap Line and Kennel Departments have a lot of good things  for everybody. Many other, items of  outstanding merit feature- "the December issue.  Rod and Gun in    Canada is pub-;  lis'hed monthly at Woodstock, Ontar  io, by W. .7. Taylor, Lmiteci.  Mr. Johnson, of Vancouver, has  accepted a position in Mr. Albert  Lee's grocery department.  Mr. "Paddy" Morran of Mt. Lehman was a business yjsitor here today.  By E W. Johnson  That the small fruit growers of  the lower mainland have at - least  realized the necessity<for the. co-operative association has-been demonstrated within the: past week or fen  days, when the test, was made, by the  B. *C.  Berry Growers'skssociation:  The crisis .had beenvreached. The  1922 payment on the-.-, cold storage  plant in New Westminster was overdue and the association faced the  possibility of losing . the building  and the money already invested in  the enterprise. The,,-situation was  critical but level heads commenced  ito fight for the life of the association, and the carrying-on of a scheme  for the betterment of. .the ber-y  growers'  position.       \ ;   ���������  Meetings were held, in various districts and tlie grower brought face to  face with the problem. It was then  that the true calibre^of the British  Columbia fruitgrower was fathomed  and he quickly responded to the appeal for forces to , rally around hia.  own association1 and put co-operative  selling of fruit by growers on the  map. j  ���������  The conference to '���������' ascertain how  each association' felt to the parent  body -was much more successful than  the officials "of the B. ;';C. Berry  Growers' Association ha'd hoped .for  The- membership of^all the- associations, with the exception of Hatzic  are behind the merger to a mail for  a fiye:year contract1;-' to be'signed  which will permit the' association t.o  finance, and save the cold storage  plant. .   .  Hatzic has a pre-cooling plant iu  operation now and some of the members were of the opinion that with a  little outlay, Hatzic growers could in  stall a cold storage plant and be independent. The general good of the  industry as a whole, however, is being held out to these growers and  with plenty of evidence of failure  where the smaller associations have  hot held together in a crisis, , the  members of the other bodies may be  able to convince the Hatzic Growers  of the necessity to stand in line.  Already 550 members have agreed  to sign the five-year agreement to allow the association for that period to  handle all the. small fruit grown,  particularly strawberries and raspberries. The principle on which the  association intends -to proceed is to  issue shares in a joint stock company  which will take over the New Westminster Cold Storage plant and each  members will pledge''himself to take  shares in the company to be paid for,  first on his note, td be met each sea-  GROCERY  Phone 55 Phone 55  - "THE STORE OF SATISFACTION"  Bulk Dates, 2 lbs. .". :....2������i  Prunes,  2   lbs 29c?  Seedless  Raisins, lb 17 VL' c>  Cooking Figs,   lb 17% t:  Lem.on.and Orange. Peel,  lb.:....; .'....3C*!  Coffee, fresh ground"; lb 45<f  Bulk Currants, *lb.  20tf  ��������� Fancy Emperor Grapes; 2  IP ;   .. :.3S(l  King Apples, per. box ....$1.25  Sweet potatoes, 4 lbs 25^  Shop Here and Save Money on your next orr^er  We Deliver Goods to any part of the town  son hy revenue from the fruit crops, (  It is estimated-that by "paying 1-2  a cent--a pound for all fruit raised  for the first "three, years and 1-4 of  a.cent for the fourth year, the deb,t  can be paid off easily and growers  would receive 8 per cent on the a-  mount declared from their returns.  Counting 1-2 cent a pound on crate  of berries will mean 7 cents for tlie  raspberries and 8 cents for strawberries.  The overhead for operation this  year Cost the association 1-4 cent a  pound on jam berries and 7 cents a  crate on fresh fruit.  The raspberry growers - are well  satisfied with the work of the association during the past season as each  grower got from $2.25 to $2.60 per  crate for raspberries. It was a bad  season, however, for the strawberry  gowers, who just about broke even  with their sales.  If the Hatzic growers join the B.  C. Berry Growers' Association it will  mean a membership of 700 growers,  or one of the strongest co-operative  bodies in Canada.  The association intends to work in  co-operation with the Hatzic growers  for the best interests of the industry  but tlie association officials feel thai  by being in one organizaion and having exactly common interests, the as-.  sociation would be able to do better  work.  Chilliwack, Abbotsford, Whonnock  and Port Ke'Ils    have    all  lined    up  with the association and  Chilliwack  has made ararngements to  erect    a  pre-cooling plant  which  will ..permit  that district to ship fruit to the northern Canadian prairies' in first-class  condition.    Edmonton and Saskatoon  have been good berry customers for j  B. C. berries in the past, but the fruit (  has not always arrived in good con-j  "dition.    Chilliwack will remedy this  defect and will have special express  arrangements with the.^Cfliaadian National railway' to put- Chi.jiiw'ack- berries into Edmonton on.^a perishable  schedule. "  Allowing for all expenses last year  the growers of ..raspberries are considered to have b.een able to produce  this fruit at 72 cents a crate. Under  improved co-operative selling which  is now planned ~by: the officials' of the  association the:gro.wer.s will get even  a greater profit tliai-that of last year  on raspberries; providing the crop is  of a similar..volume."  The figures of cost and revenue  have been furnished the banks -and  assurances have been given sthat with  the notes of the farmers who are on  the five-year contract and. are legitimately in the berry growing business  there will be no trouble In financing  a cold storage planfwbieh will assist  in keeping the fruit .in good marketable condition. "��������� ���������  The cold storage has been valued  by various firms, and in every instance, the growers have found that  they secured the cooling plant at u  much lower figure than the casual  valuator would announce-  With the assurance that the farmers are behind the berry growers association, steps are being taken at  the present to prepare for the 1923  trade. Many things were learned  this year by the officials' of the association which will be invaluable in the  marketing of next year's crop economically! and. the growers of small  fruits were never more optimistic a-  bout. a coming season than they are  for 1923. '  .  Good crops on the prairies* this .fall  cannot give anything but, available  funds next spring and' summer for  the purchase ;of fruits which oh - the;  prairies are considered, to some extent, a luxury.���������Farm and Home.  :C  ti  ���������n   ���������     / *���������       T   Ha mtf


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