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Westward Ho! May 8, 1886

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Array A
No. 45-
NANAIMO, BRITISH   COLUMBIA,  MAY 8th.,   1886,
Vol.i.
0
[I
ll
[
[
WESTWARD HO!
PUBLISHED WEEKLY
DISHONEST JOURNALISM.
Dominion of Canada, or tinder which
1 any public money of the Dominion of
Cenada is to be paid for any service or
work, shall be eligible as a member of
; the Legislative Assembly of this Pro-
I vince;  nor shall he vote or sit in the
same.   ;
I '
: —The lailray Act states'.
vict. 47.CHAPTER 14. •
"Clause 3 There is hereby granted
to the Dominion Government, for the
purpose of constructing, and to aid in
the construction of a Railway between
Esquimalt and Nanaimo, and in trust
to be appropriated as they may deem
advisable (but save as hereinafter excepted) all that piece or parcel of land
situate in Vancouver Island, described
ai follows;"
Clearly Mr- Dunsmuir a member of
the Legislature is a contractor with the
Government his seat could be declared
vacant and the contract itself annulled.
From    the   correspondence    here
reproduced   it   will    be   seen   that
The Dominion        "Covernment
are only anxious not to intermeddle
with Provincial affairs and would not
interpose' to prevent re-arrangement of
the contract.
In the month of August, 1883, Mr.
Wm, Hinckraau and a committee representing the Squatters ef Nanaimo
District waited upon Sir Alexander
Campbell on board _t.he steamer Sir
James Douglas and interviewed him
concerning a petition that had  been
which Mr. Smithe had written on the
nth December, 1882—Hoping you
may be entirely successful in your efforts.
The petition prayed for the granting of
the mineral rights to squatters on the
same terms as had governed the grants
to settlers previous to the reservation.
Sir Alexander Campbell stated that
the matter was entirely in the hands of
the Provincial Legislature but that he
would endeavour to secure for the petitioners what they wanted and thought
they were entitled to it.
A few days later Mr. Hinckman.one
of the committee, received the following letter from Sir Alex. Campbell.
Victoria, B. C. August, 18S3.
Sir:—I beg to say that ,in accordance
with my promise to you, when you saw me on
board the steamer " Sir lames Douglas" at
Nanaimo, I have mentioned the case of the
squatters on the Railway belt to the Premier
of the Local Government, and I am informed
by him that "there can be no settlers on the
Railway Belt who have not acquired pre-emption rights who went there before the land was
reserved for the constructiou of the Railway.
Those who went there afterwards did so,
Mr. Smithe informs me, with their eyes open
and are not entitled to any more consideration
than the Railway Act of last Session
gives them." I told you that I thought 'bona
tide' settlers anterior to the setting aside of the
Railway Belt, should be treated as they wonld
have been had they gone upon any other land
belonging to the Crown, and as such they
would have acquired the minerals as well as
the surface; "but Mr. Smithe says that no
such cases exist, and those who squatted on
tke land knowing it to be reserved are fairly
dealt with if they are allowed the surface."
I am,
Your Obedient Servant,
(Signed) * A. CAMPBELL.
To Wm. Hinckman, Nanaimo.
ii  to be paid for any service or work,
shall be eligible ar a member of the But      the     hostility    of     the
Legislative  Assembly, nor shall  he sit Colonist  is easily  understood.    That
or vote in the same." dishonest journal  is only anxious to
Sec. 16. No person whosoever hold- bulWose people   int0 the bclief that
ing or-^joying, undertaking or execut-; do ^ thcmselves>  that
ing, directly or indirectly, alone or with       '
any other, by himself or by the inter-1 that fuactio.ii can only be performed
position of any trustee or third party, j by the dishonest politicians and specie whole or in part, any contract or j ulators of Victoria.and the knowledge
agreement with Her Majesty, or withj tnat.a change of Government is imin-
any public officer or department, with \ ^^ ^ tf) ^ foUowed by a par.
espect  to the  public  service of   the
. I. ■■*    _-Aj-.l--.--t_.!
The reputation of the Victoria Colonist is such that a lecture upon dishonesty at its hands is deserving of attention—wnat the Colpnist doesn't
know about dishonest journalism is not
worth learning. Perhaps the Editor of
that journal has a bad memory or is
afflicted with political strabismus. He
asserts that the Settlement Act is a
cast-iron contract, and can not be mod-
^ed except with the consent of both
parties to the contract. We say the
statement is dishonest and untrue.
How long ago is it since the Railway
contract was modified as to curvatures,
and as to the security given by the
contractors ? The Settlement Act was
the outcome of dishonest Legislation;
even the premier'stated in the House
that he could have settled the difficulties (which had no real existence but
had been created of a purpose by the
Victorian press and politicians), with
Canada, without including the Island
Railway matter. Every member from
me mtumniiu wim two irtwuiw oxcopi
tions,Davie and Wilson,expressed themselves as opposed to the Bill, but were
bound to support it on account of its
disposing of the dry-dock (another
swindle that might be quoted as evidence of the cast-iron qualities of government contracts). The Island Railway Act has prevented settlement on
Vancouver Island, and has injured
every section of it with the exception
of. Victoria. No lawyer of any eminence will for a moment maintain that
the Settlement or Railway act are constitutional although dishonest journalists
are careful not to di cuss the question.
The two parties to the Railway contract are the Provincial Government
and the Railway Company. Should
that Government after the coming elections choose to alter the contract no
person knows better than the editor of
the Colonist that it can do so (with less
trouble of course if the Railway company consent to a change). The Act
of constitution of the Province of
British     Columbia   expressly     states
that:
Section   11    "No person whoseever
holding or enjoying, undertaking or executing, directly or indirectly, alone or
with any other, by himself, or by the
interposition of any trustee, or third
party, any contract or agreement with
Her Majesty, or with any public officer
or department, wiih respect to the
public service of this Colony, or under
which any public money of this Colony
tial revc cation of the great monopoly
enjoyed by the E. & N. Railway Company has betrayed him hto tbe utterance of a lot of clap-trap that he does
not believe and cannot make others believe, and which,in his sober moments,
he is certain to regret. No doubt so
long as Mr. Dunsmuir has a dollar and
uses it liberally the Colonist will be
ready to furnish him with constituencies
and flattery, but the editor of paper
would belie his whole history if he continued to do so a moment longer—he
is a remorseless friend,
We repeat—the people have a chance
to amend the Settlement Act by defeating the present Government—not otherwise.
ENGLAND.
The Oueen formally opened the Colonial
Exhibition on May 4th. Crowds gathered
along the route and cheered Her Majesty enthusiastically.
From the opening ode by Tennyson
we extract the following lines:
Britain fought her sons of yore,
Britain failed, and never more
Careless of our growing kin
Shall we sing our father's sin
Men that In a narrower day,
Unprophetic rulers they;
Drove them out the mother's nest,
That young eagle of the west
To forage for herself alone;
Britons, hold your own!
Oliall \,t not through good and III
Cleave to one another still ?
Britain's myriad voices call—
Sons be welded each and all
Into one Imperial whole.
One with Britain heart and soul,
One life, one flag, one feet one throne,
Britons hold yonr own,
And God guard all.
AUSTRALIA.
SOUTH AULSTRALIA
Payable silver has beens truck at a depth
of 20 feet at the Black Hills, about 16 miles
soth-east of the Burra.
The wool exported from the^Colony en 1885
was 34,639 bales less than in 1884, while on
the 151,978 bales shipped the loss through the
depressed market is estimated at about
^380,000.
NEW SOUTH WALES.
According to the official returns issued today, the revenue of Victaria for the past
quarter amounts to .£1,780,000, being an increase of j£i02,ooo, as compared with the
same period of last year. Customs revenue
shows an increase of ,£53,000, and the railway receipts of £37,750.
e> « e»
INDIA.
Certain evil disposed persons have been ci;
dilating a report that this paper will be discontinued after a short time, The wish may
be father to the thought on the part of those
who predicted when we first started that we
would not survive six months, We take this
opportunity of announcing to the public who
have shown marked appreciation of our course
latterly that the report is false.     Westward
IIO! WILL CONTIN'UE TO HE PUBLISHED, TRUE
TO ITS colours, and, from the large additions to our subscription lists of late that
they need fear ho suspension.   This  Nfavs-
F-APER WILL NOT DIE, NOR SUFFER ITSELF
TO BE CRUSHED OUT,
ROFKRT O'BRIAN,
Editor and Proprif.tor
LATEST NEWS.
The Bolan Pass Railway.
The Calcutta Pioneer of March 1st states
that the Bolan temporary railway ie now complete to within two miles of the crest over
which it is to pass to the plateau at Darwata.
From 400 to 500 tons of material for the
Quetta extension line are now being sent up
daily; and 15 engines, with a full complement
of trucks are ready to carry this forward wheal
once the line to Darwaza ii ready-
HONG KONG.
Gladstone's Home Rule resolutions are almost certain to receive the assent of thc
House of Commons.
McLean has been, elected Mayor of Vancouver City by a small majority.
"Ring out the old, ring in the new
Ring out the false, ring in the true."
Socialist riots have occurred at Chicago.
The militia were called out and 50 people
have been killed on both sides. At Milwaukee similar demonstrations have taken place.
Peace has not yet been completely restored.
Greece will not nccept the ultimatum of tho
Powers, but it is not likely that there will be
a European war. Any hostilities that may
break Out will be confined to Turkey and
Greece. England has nothing to gain by interference but dishonor,
A vessel is reported ashore at Caf.e Flat-
tery supposed to be thc sealing schooner
Champion.
It is s»ated that Senator Plumb will be appointed Post-Master General.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS
JOSEPH MrWmi
WATCHMAKER,
WATCFLES and CLOCKS cleaned
and repaired at very reasonable rates.
Next door to James Brown's Tailoring Establishment.
FRONT STREET. NANAIMO.
JAMES  M. BROWN,
Merchant   Tailor.
Five Doors North of the Post-Office,
FRONT STREET,   NANAIMO.
WEST OF ENGLAND CLOTHS.TWEEnS ,».ND SERGES
IMPORTF.D DIRECT.
ALWAYS  ON  HAND, FOR  SALE  AND
MADE TO ORDER,
NOTICE.
LIGHTHOUSES DAMAGED BY THE FLOODS
Montrial, April 24.—The jamming
ice and the recent flood has a telling
effect on the lighthouses along the St.
Lawrence. At point, Valelio the lighthouse was torn away and stranded on
Dorval Island, and the piers were extensively damaged. The pier of the
new lighthouse just completed at Point
Claire was heavily damaged. The
ighthouse at Isle Vache is still submerged, and consequently the damage cannot be ascertained. It is thought, however, to be very heavy. The lighthouse at Windsor Pier, St. Anne, has
been carried away, and the pier has
been seriously damaged. Several other
lighthouses have been damaged more
or less.
Assessment Act and  Provincial  Revenue Tax Nanaimo District.
Notice is hereby given, in. accordance with the Statutes, that Provincial
Revenue Tax and all Taxes levied under the Assessment Acts are now due
for the year t886, and payable at my
office, Nanaimo; Assessed Taxes, if
paid on or before June 30th, 1886. are
collectable at the following rates,  i. e:
J4 of 1 per cent, on Real  Property.
5 cents per acre on Wild Land.
1-5 of 1 percent, on Personal Property.
Yi of 1 per cent, on Income.
If paid after June 30th, 1886:
Y of 1 per cent, on   Real Property.
6 cents per acre on Wild Land.
% of 1 per cent, on Personal Property.
Yi, of 1 per cent, on Income.
Marshall Bray.
Assessor and Collector.
January 26th, 1886.
ROCK BAY SHIP YARD.
1'MEVEI.AXirs IDEA,
GRAY S DUMBLETO
BUILDERS AND DESIGNERS
STEAMBOATS,    LAUNCHES    AND
SAILING VESSELS.
IMPORTERS   OF   MACHINERY   AND   MECHANICS"
TOOLS OF THE LATEST PATTE«J»S.
 1	
Agents for the New Improved Coal Oil Engines,
VICTORIA, 15. C.
President Cleveland recommends the
creation of aCourt of arbitration for thc
consideration of all disputes arising be-
Dr. I/, T. 13 A VIS.
Graduate of Queen's University, Montreal.
PHYSICIAN AND   SURGEON.
NANAIMO, W.C
tween employers and employed, and ad-j Office.—Smith's Building, Commercial St.
Office hours! 10 a.m. to i'2j 2 p.m. to 4 p.mj
vises that the arbitrators be appointed
and not elected. This is equivalent to a
formal recognition of the Knights of
Labour and has been forced upon the
attention of the President and Congress
by the recent strikes. It is acknowledged that the actual profits of the  joint-
6.30 p.m. to S p.m.
FIRE!
The Council of Hongkong haae now voted
the  additional sum of ^60,375 asked for to
complete the defences.   They, have done so , . .
out of loyalty, and on the distinct understand.. *ock compames, with few exceptions,    „-„     TNeTIpANrF rn
: are enormous and the methods resorted .A1WA liNbUKAJNUi LU.
Liverpool and London and Globe
Insurance.
ing that no further sum will be asked for.
Sometime ago the wreck of an unknown ] to for the purpose of concealing their
vessel was seen of the Loo Choo islands. It isl magnitude, simply dishonest. The ano-
now supposed to be that the British ship moly of men going into the railway bus-'
Herald,   which sailed from Philadelphia last   j,iess whhout a (:ent „f capi(a, ±d gud_
OF HARTFORD, CONN.
year for Hiogo, and passed New Anjer on
August 30th, but not since been heard of.
Her cargo consisted, of 50,000 cases of
kerofenc oii.
denly amassing    enormous fortunes is
inconssitent with the excuse put forward
for lowering wages that the railways
Cattle are reported to be dying jn| donot pay.lt is simply aneffert to make
great numbers tbioughout the Pecos tne labouring classes bear tha losses of
Valley from want of water occasioned j the lucky gamblers in seasons of deprcs
by the long drought. sion.
RISKS ACCEPTED AT CURRENT HATES.
W-, K. LEIGHTON,
.Vent.
Is hereby piven that nil accounts due thc
late firm of Easson & Hoggin are lo be
pflld to me at iny office in Victoria Crcsent.
C. C. MeKENziE, fnrl-'assun & Iloggan.
Victoria Crescent, Nanaimo.
December iSth. ,885.
i WESTWARD HO!
SATURDAY ..
Any failure to do so must arise on our ment to the happiest terminations. If we,
part, not from any want of knowledge,  have differences of opinion they may i
\ [S86 but from sheer cowardice and lewmer- be traced to two causes;—first, the
 -;=-J—- "'" cenary instincts.    But, whilst we'resentf progress of tho people is viewed from'
In Novemb.r 188-, so intense was evil,  let us be just.    It is said (in an different standpoints—second, a want',
the feeling or the peer.lt of Nanaimo undertone it in true) that our  present of comprehension and appreciation of
District against the Settlement Act and1 senior representative in the Provincial the law of cause and effect as applied
the Railway Bill founded on it, that  Legislature  would be ruined  if   this to intangible thir gs pervades the public
Mr. Dunsmuir was petitioned to resign monopoly were strangled before it ob- mind;   The latter is disappearing as a;|
his seat in the Legislature on account tains sufficient developement to defy us.: result  of education  and   study—the'
of it, and 1 [r. Ravbould was forced to Such an event would, to a certain ex- former, from a want of confidence in
vote against hi? predictions and the tent be a public calamity, but, in any human nature or from an excess of it,
Bill then before the House.    There, is j revocation  of the  present Act,   that1; leads men equally endowed with intel-
no man in this community who does
not believe that, upon that occasion,
<fjr
i mportpr 0?
ish, Eastern and 4rncrican
wi *m ff, w b
KtieiS   i&w<£»   SSi*   Jii^Jr*   «*&*.;
■it    *ii* wi     'J&Jr      iSiii
.1. II. Jolmitoft.
T. W. Olaholro.
IMMENSE' STOCK, PRIME GROCERIES, FRESH PROVISIONS.
JOHIYeWFOXf #5
a...
fflli
U/UADCIMPCD& {?  0fr-U!U"-C>'?H3 gprnf^'^MTQ
he acted conscientiously and properly
—that the circumstances justified the
attitude of the people. We were told
that, during the campaign preceding his
election, the agents of the present
senior member for Nanaimo stated positively that he would oppose the construction of the Esquimalt and Nanai-
Railway by any syndicate or company,
and would support only, a proposition
for its construction by the Government.
That statement corroborated the previously expressed opinions of the senior
member for Nanaimo,  and was sub-
Printed requisitions are now iu circulation, calling upon the senior member to accept again, nomination for the
representation of this District. The
coming election will be the most momentous this Province will experience
event can and   should be   guarded'!Hgence to resort to different means of; lmportera aad Dealer* in Groceries, Provisions, Grain. Feed,
. .     ■:■■'■■       ,    Tr      ,..       ilav and General I arm Jrrodace, invite inspection 01 then*,
against. Put it ,S by no means certain attaining the one end. If we distrust > ^ carefuU ^^ ^ of ^ &h£e ^ of good8;
that any such precaution would be re- mankind or entertain a sinister opinion _^Qyf Qn yiew at their new store, Bastion Street, Under th©
quired and, in any event, we should j of every grade of society below or above Koresters' Hall, Nanaimo. Agents for P. C. S. Company'&j
protect the public- first—individuals: our own, we will naturally ally ourselves line of San Francisco and Portland steamers, P. N. Company's
afterwards. • with the repressive, compulsory and East Coast steamers, B.C. Express Company, and Saamclij
1 dictatorial side, call it by wfeat name  hmQ.    In stock, KurtZ?0 Cigars. ,  The trade Blip-.
,,..,,' plied a\ lth tlie above celebrated Cigars at Victoria prices,
yon will—on the other hand if we bi-  <• ° ♦
SlSSp 3 THE CELEBRATED EASTERN LIGHT OIL!
natiually fall into line with the opposite '■, In stock, the quality of which we guarantee.   Also Fish Oil,'
side.   No persons individual intorests Shingles (sawn and split), Nails in any size and quantity.1
for years ms that nr^M « w,nIMe wel1 Fotected umess they are iden": $***** W&9& and goects d«Wed tree of clwse to any
tor years.    Has that gentleman so well.       ,,.'.. /        ,.     part ©f the c ty or vicilllty.      We   mufce   a   Specialty W Tw
tical with the interests of thc whole f^y zf £     \J * ,, J      ,       -,      •   ■,  -, • , j J
and Coffee, the latter we roast and grind daily.
fulfilled his pledges, has he so faithfully
served tbe constituency that the manhood of Nanaimo should again entruit
stantiated in advance by the attitude I him with their confidence ?   If he has,
community.    The movements of society are complex, but subject to a gen-]
eral law.   Mankind moves from grade to
he had assumed when the Clements i then should his requisition be signed by jgrade in masses> not by sin§le atoms-
every  voter in the  District, but if he!11 is n0t  S° Very Strange  then  that
Bill was under consideration.
It is not our intention to discuss, nor
is it necessary that we should discuss,
l'.as not, if he has  served himself and many thoughtful people abjure the no-
menclature of parties altogether, and
are'found to-day voting with one side—
to-morrow with the other.
abused the confidence imposed in Uim,
the relative merits of two obnoxious then we say, the time has arrived when
Acts of the Provincial Legislature—| he should be taught that Governments
it is sufficient that we recall to the re- j were not made for legalizing robbery,
collection of the public, the fact that, hut for thc protection of the weak and \
E.
®j n
the present senior member for Nanaimo
was determinate!)' opposed to the Clements Bill which he denounced unsparingly. Arc the arguments he used
against the passage of that Act no longer tenable because he, himself, occupies the position then filled by Clements,
or, has the Settlement Act, since November 1S83, become so innocuous that
the virtuous indignation then expressed
by this constituency has ceased to have
any foundation in fact or any excuse
for existence? Have people become
so familiar with its features and so destitute of moral courage, that they are
willing to recant their secorded declarations, to revoke their past actions and
submit ignominiously to the dictates of
prudence? We have said prudence,
but we quest;or> very much if it is prudence to vote away forever the birthright of our children for a "mess of pot-
age" or to invite, at no distant date,
the horrors of a revolution. Descretion
may be a more appropriate term to apply to the present mood of the protest-
ants of 1883, but if it were to be truly
described, truculence and cowardice
are the only words that would aptly
express it.
With each recurring hour, the stringency and completeness of the monopoly
created by the passage of the Railway
Act are becoming more and more apparent. In every other country the
press, the people, the representative institutions are engaged in the almosl
hopeless task of repairing the injuries
done by similar enactments of pasi
generations. Possessed of tins knowledge, seeking refuge here from the oppression consequent upon the existence
of kindred monopolies in oldei
countries, shall we, having made ow
feeble effort to arrest the wrong, submi.
tamely to this imposition, or shall we
at the price (it may be) of a few hungry
days, a short season of suffering, bur!
back from the extremest verge of Western civilization this incubus and.
whilst we save to our children the in
heriiance a bountiful Providence ha
given thorn in Vancouver Island, inspire the rank and file of the regener
the promotion of public, not of private
interests.
The study of politics is regarded by
many as little short of criminal. Let
people be content to make money, but
leave politics alone say they, Very Well i
the first time that the Government sees
fit to impose some form of tax which
tlie people above referred to imagine
to be likely to interfere with their gains
those very people rise en masse against
the government, and by becoming opponents to the government become
political partisans. Man is gregarious
in his habits, and some form of govsrn-
ment is absolutely necessary to promote
his interests and protect him from the
evils that arise within pale of the com-
munitywith which he is identified aswell
as from encroachment on the part of persons or communities without the pale
of his particular circle. The greatest
scholars, thinkers and philosophers, the
most skilful generals in all generations
have devoted their lives and talents to
the study of politics, to the benefit of
their fellowmen, to the labour of con
ferringthe greatest good upon the greatest number. Such men as Carour,
Gladstone, Chatham, Sumner, Grattan
and Macdonald have merged their individual prospects in the cause of the
whole mass of their countrymen.
When we see that the Whole fabric of
civilization, that the possession of education and all the benefits and luxuries
af the present day, and all thc liberty
that distinguishes this century from, its
predecessors has flown from thc wise administration of public affairs,we content,
that the study of politics is deserving ol
tpprpval, is worthy of attention, ant
should ntft be neglected even by mer
who live for themselves alone, and ar;
not actuated by an atom of consideration for the balance of the humar.
family. Politics to-day is the mostob-
-,orbing and interesting study of man-
land—from the lowest to the highesl
grades of society the process of evolution from a lower to a higher type o:
ri\ilization is watched with pbsbfbine
interest,   thc keenest intelligence, th-
Our own  political   creed is based
upon the postulate that good predom-
: inates in thc human heart and that the
management of public affairs should
therefoie be based on trust in the electorate, and not on suspicion, compul-
I sion and intimidation. Such bring our
point of view we should naturally seek
5-*is
DISPENSING	
>    Opnanaeroial St., ISTaiiaiirLO, B. O.
All possible care is taken to avoid low priced drugs and
chemicals, it being of the first importance to the- sick that
preparations used in compounding medicine should be of
the required official strength.   Physicians and others can de-
amongst the liberals, for exponents of pend upou lmYiUo- their prescriptions fairhfnllv oomripundfid.
our views, out m so tar as uanacia m& get of chemical apparatus is kept for the purpose of testing
concerned history discloses the paradox; the purity of drugs.     The largest assortment in tlie city of
that all or nearly all the legislation that J patent Medicines, Perfumery, Sponger,
Uair Brushes, Combs, Tooth Brixsnetji
Toilet Soaps, Fur© Drugs,
In fact all articles usually found in first-class drug stores
lost unselfish hearts are engaged ir
ators of the East with renewed courage ? guiding thc processes of our develope-
has taken place during the past
twenty-five years, founded on trust in
the electorate and tending to the elevation of the masses has originated with
and proceeded from the party termed
; Liberal-Conservative.
But when we come to apply the
touchstone to Imperial Legislation, we
are compelled in candour to award
confidence not to any particular party,
but to a particular man—Gladstone.
Nor do we consider that a family whose
traditions may be traced back through
the Fenian Raids, Chrysler's Farm and
Lundy's Lane to the American Revolution and whose boast has been that
they were U. E. Loyalists is disgraced
or has degenerafod when one of the
present generations rejoices over the
granting of Home Rule to Ireland.
The only question that arises is,will it
tend to disintegrate the Empire or will
it strengthen the bonds of British Unity ?
Looking at the question from our
humble point of view, and with an
abiding faith in human nature, we feel
convinced, that it will strengthen the
bond of unity, that it will do more than
that, that it will precipitate a
confederation of the scattered elements
}f Britain's Empire, and that it for-
bodes the accomplishnv n: of that
Manifest Destiny, which Jchn Fisk
has pointed out as inevitable on the
part of the English speaking races.
Should Gladstone's scheme go into
effect it is to be hoped it will receive
the moral support of all who are opposed to it on honest grounds of policy,
because it is of viral importance that it
should fulfil its mission. A failure ir,
;his respect would prove disastrous to
:hs Empire, and arrjst at a critical
.x:riod, the whole tide of civilization
ni the Liberal plane, if it did not re-
stablish the process of evolution ol
which Bismark is perhaps the ablest
living exponent.
.A.     L^R,OEl     STOCK     OF
BOOKS    AND    STATIONERY
NANAIMO
D PRIf
it tew
Establislaed 1870,
iocuo
is
11
Ml
STATIONERS
A Full Stock of Goods in our Line
\TWt
MVPIGi«CANADIAN rtiuuui
To order at Publisher's rates with Premiums, etc.
££& ^is^ot'di war 'iki&vm
n t 1' '* 1'' i "M     * , 'r. «" »*^ t." ■   -'
B A E. Mil an   F>  p
NARAliflU, p. y.
fW
V U™XJ\*J
Dealer In all classes of
GROCERIES AND DRY GOODS
Highest Cash. Price Paid fur '
FURS, SKINS and. HIDES LI.sLLtI-Jlli.jjgg
mmmmimtm
Mf^
Subscribe
I ow
For
Westward Hoi
Published Every
BATUBDAY.
A. Liv© Readable
Newspaper.
The Paper for the People.
Local
Provincial
Canadian
British
General
The News of the Day.
Price:
Two dollars per year.
A-d dress:
Westward Ho!
Publishing Office.
Nanaimo, B. C.
ft. A. HORNE,
General Blacksmith and Wagon Maker.
JASTIO.V STlUtET, NEAR THE OLD BASTION, NANAIMO.
Hving procured ta. services of a first-class Dorse-ehoer, I en* in areaarea w ill aft.
Orders wills Prenptitade and aisaatca.
DONALD    SMITH,
Notary FubMe. Cenvsyancer, Accountant, and Real Estate Afwt,
RENTS AND DEBTS COLLECTUD,
AGENT AT NANAIMO FOR
Phosnlx Fire Insurance Conp>*y of London.     Established il;e.     Learn a aid art
'■ £14,000,0.0  Sterling.
Commercial Union Insurance Company ef Leaden, Capital, f ie,]M,ee«.
RISKS   ACCEPTED   AT   CUHatBWT   RATKR   OF   PBaWIVH.
OFFICE—Coamit or Cohhmciai. an> Wha»» iTaears,
Nanaimo. I. C.
IDENTICAL   HOTEL,
NORMAN SMITH,
VICTOBIA CRMC1NT,     NANAIMO,
W. M.HOSIE.
Painter. Grainer. Gilder, Glazier,
Paper-Hanger,   Sifn-Writer and   Musician,
Ctr. Wallact and Canpfctll Stt. Nanaima.
NANAIMO   BREWERY.
MILL STREET, NANAIMO.
JOHN     MAHRER,
PROPRIETOR.
T.   D.   JONES   &  CO.
(DIAMOND DRILL PROSPECTING COMPANY.)
Are open to receive application! for Borings f jr Coal Oil, Coal
and Other Minerals—ttV mNTRACT.
ADDRESS
T.   D.   JONES   St   CO.,   NANAIMO.
NEWCASTLE HOTEL.
COMOX ROAD, NANAIMO.
H.    P.   SMITH,    Proprietor.
rue best] qualities of WINES, LIQUORS and CIQAKI dieaaaaed
at the Bar,
OLD   FLAG   INN.
Near the Mechanics' Institute, aad enly three saiautea walk free, Iteaabeat Laediaf.
NANAIMO, V. I.
J. E. JENKINS, Proprietor.
SUPERIOR ACCOMMODATION FOR TRAVELLERS.
The Bar is well supplied with the best ef
WINES,   LIQUORS,   AND   CIGARS.
ROYAL HOTEL AND RESTAURANT.
The   Largest    and  Best    Hotel  in
the   City.
MEALS AT ALL HOURS.
Oysters, etc., Supplied at any Time.
A First Class FRENCH COOK has charge oj   the Cuime
R.    WATKINS,
PROPRIETOR.
JOHN HOOPER,
VICTORIA CRUCtNT. a.
SADDLER AND HARNESS MAKER.
Dress Making is carried on in connection with tht above busmett
Special attention is invited to a select assortment of Mane Palest**! Voire*
•aitablc far bracken, ttc,
J.   T.   O'BRIAN,
Albert Street Nanaimo, B. C.
Teaming and Draying Done on Short Notice.
Wood, and Coal Promptly Delivered to any part of the City.
C.  C.   McKENZIE,
Land Agent, Custom's Heuse Ercl er. Ccn\rj.r.t;: 2 tctuntant
OFFICE—VICTORIA   CKBCBNT.
May be found i. the Oft ice at other P*.,ur.~, bat always between M s. P*. and  3  >e. ts..
Town Lots and Farms or Sale.
Money to  Loan on Mortgage at Low Petes.
DEW DROP HOTEL,
HA1.1BURTON   STRUT       -      -      ■      NANAIJtO.
Wenrjff Utlirr, Proprietor.
First claat afeeaimoJuiionfor reeular Brarders and Lodgers, and the Travelling Public.
MEALS I
Breakfast, .:3a to 8,    Dirner, ir to »;   Tupper, 5:30.10 f-.j:*
N8NEBUTTHE BEST BRANDS
ni>
Liiuert, Wimt. Alts. Porter an* Cigars Bhpeased at tht tat.
B.     F.    LANDRETH,
COMMKCIAl. STREET,  NAKAI110.
Practical Upholsterer and   Repairer.
SUPERIOR CLIPPER    MATTRESSES,  BED-LOUH«I
Carpets Cut, Laid, aud  Sewn
The Lansdovvne Brewery.
H. Rosewall, Proprietor.
Comox Road.
ALE and PORTER.
NEW    BtTTOHTCTR   SHOP.
CCSlVCPtlTAN   MARKET,
Caassaarclal Street, next door to the Miners' Exchange Hotel, Nutln*.
E.   QUENNELL,
Having opened as above, will keep constantly r>n hand aa assortment ef
MEATS  A»»  VBCtEVABUMI,
Aad heats ta receive a continuance of the patronage so liberally besteved d "-Ia,{ tae^at
ten years.
Meiti etc, delivered'to all parts of the City tree of chare*
THE   NANAIMO   PHARMACY.
G.    H.    BLAKEWAY,
Dispensing Chemist and Druggist, Bookseller and Stationer.
VICTORIA CRESCENT, NANAIMO, B. C.
Christmas and New Year's Cards at Biakeway's Drug: ami f tatfpaan
Store.
QTPRICES  TO  SUIT   THE  TIMBI."^H
EDWARD  HUGHES,
Long   Bridge,   Nanaimo.
STRONG   BOOTS   AND SHOES   FOR  WINTER WJ&AR
MEN'S, WOMEN'S AND CHILDREN'S
CHEAP  FOR   CASH,
PROVINCIAL   HOTEL,
VICTORIA   CRBSCBMT.
Under the present management this fn-.e  Hoi.':..    b„, r.-tiud age) re*»«inted
and  now affords
First-Class Maals and Aceomodatitns for Travelers ani Ik* 9ft,r;l Pu»il«-
The   Bar  is   Supplied   with   the  btsv   of
WISES,     LNgUOHS,      A MO    <I««H».
BILLIARD ROOM OK-THE PREMISES.
J. B.  JOHNSON,      Proprietor.
ORIENTAL   HOTEL,
Victoria   Crescent.
A.   EASSQN,   PreprisUr.
Tht Bar, which hai been recently bcautihtd, will always be found well stetktd with the
best brands  of
WIKtiS,    UQVOKS,   AXU    MtiAff.
A well supplied RESTAURANT in connection with th* aluve.
G.   MONTGOMERY,
Corner Albert and Commercial Streats.
DEALER  IN
Groceries,     Fruits,   Vegetables,     Cigars,    Tobaeee
Candies, etc.
FREQUENT    CONSIGNMENTS     OF    FRESH    FRUIT.
PRIVATE     BILL.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that application will be mad* at the aaxt
Session of the Legislature of thc Province of British Columbia, for an
Act to amend the "Nanaimo Water Works Act, 1SS5" liv "ranting to the
Company the further privilege of taking water from' Crystal Lake! Cold
Spring Basin. Chase River and their tributaries, with power to thc Company to build flumes, aqueducts, lay pipes, erect darns, acquire lands, and
do all other acts and things necessary for the purpose aforesaid.
EBERTS & TAYLOR,
I     Dated 9th December, 1885. Solicitors for A»»liea»t« Kftentreitowjn
...j— .• •-..-.
!
, , '.:
WESTWARD HO!
SATURDAY 	
May 8,   1886
Home ^TSTews.
City, Island, And Province.
KANi \m
We heard 1. calling   . ■•
en
:r .     .. mor 1;
On Wednesday the harbour presented a'lively appearance.     The following
" .VM IUtene0  ':■.   the ., ! bl IW c !j
Weheard.it, ay, so   ■  time ago.
It came, and with 1 Meet cry,
\ '-'. :nd, an If I ■• • I   and:
£   la
rix!   ale a:id Kei il Dcale
■- 3>  ■ H
y   -      •■ ? •* I
•Steamships were in Port and t< ok iboa4     , i;u„ ,.,...      |Mffc .    - :.
the quantities of coal below stated.—   And-haa   to,] .   . my l»ve*»ul...
In dreamland then we found our  i y,
nana.
rf j
biiuu - ) lo<8 ilUlnlflLi,
S.S. Empire 900 tons.
S.S. Wellington 2500   .,
S.S. Queen of Pacific   800   ,,
S.S. Idaho zoo    ,,
S.S. Sir James Douglas.
And so ■  seemed as 'twere the bird
That Ilsdt). in oM times had heard,
At noon beneath tbe onkz of Troy.
O time far off, and yet so near!
ItTftmft to her in that ivj-b'd grove.
It warbled wnilrMrte'tfooini tftrbve-
'-■ ■ " ■      .•'■■'■
.» a -.fI
Eseaae MReeatMansMi
I. <NBfata|SJ
The Government Snag-boat SunSoft- il 'ur'£ >'*c °La8 '¥ Ut,:
The Idaho had on hoard jio pas.
sengers, and the schooner Gen. Harney
in tow laden with powder from Port
Townsend.
THE LOCAL SEAT OF WAR.
Ay, sweet it ii to hear rind HeTtd
The wizard  of the woods in sprin'r'
1- :■! a.   . . '       ■
Ami (.■ K is a l.li y.xu '''•"■'<,
To love me Up? thatfondly alead,
Aud now I hear its voice again.
And ttill it: m*a»a;;r it of peace,
Of fruitful days oe" at ill insueaae—
It sings of lore that will nor'ceaa«—
For me it never sings in vain.
—Fre'iretick    I'.ockei.
QUEEN'S- BIRTHDAY •
A   MEETING   OF
The   Cit-d^e^fPjjajacl ■■
GENERAL' "C&flktiTfiE
Mr T. H. Davison has erected a fine
new house on Selby Street.
Judge Crease leaves for Victoria today.
Mr. Bray is slowly recovering his
health.
The S S Sardonyx is now running on the
Nanaimo San Francisco route. She went on
the beach on Eriday to be scraped.
Mr. Paul, the High School teacher, arrived last night.
The Government Snag-boat Samson has over"
turned all the buoys in the harbour and clean
ed them; took on a cargo of stone at Newcastle Islam! for buoy-anchors and left for. the
Malnlad.
Miss Laura Gilbert has reached England. She was 6 days en route to New
York 7 days on the Etruria from New
York to Liverpool.
Mr. Robert Grant is erecting a new
house on the Comox Road. The gentlemen engaged on the building are making a first-class job of it; no bad joints
nor clumsy workmanship can be found
in the structure to the credit be it said
of Messrs. Grant and Davis the contractors.
Mr.  J. W. Stirtan, writes that   Mr.
Alex.  Gartshore  of Hamilton, has a
splendid establishment at Hamilton,
Ont.,  for the manufacture of water
pipes.     The  pipes are made 12ft-in
length, aud cast vertiealy arid he was     -wo, you tight mm, pa.  rm  too  tirea. 1 t^e ^^jna Insurance Company of Hart-1
present when they  ware being   tested   Vve been holdin& {]k fort *° ,0"2'" ! ford, Conn.
. r        ,. , ''You miserable coward, why do you allow I
to  stand a   pressure of lonios to the .  ,     ,      ,,   «,,.      ,   ,. curtem rates.
1 ° your parent to be abused ?   Vihv   don t  you
square inch.    It is probable that Mr. , knncU him   (kn,n,  or shooti or (lo som8.
Gartshore will receive the contact   for
grade* sold
'0881 bit
Prices.
guGARi3«-Extra iMge importation of finest
\r, y&v¥w.tx Thaller quantities at LoweetPoK
Islantl & Pprtlar^gp lour
HAMS AND BACON,
¥*£ *Wjl bt. .*i iijewttroEi packers.
illlTFR
\}\ 1 tn.
roc
ba  >.   Sss
icilChawbefi
A Butcher of Nanaimo recently jumped a
piece of land formerly frequented by T. E.
reck and where the gin-mill known as
"Peck's Synagogue" once stood. One fine
day last week the doughty representative of
Her Majesty's Civil Service took possession I
of thc fort well armed with shot-gfttns and !
other implements of warfare. I
Upon hearing of the invasion   the  butcher !      W^Be-held in tlgJij-goGjhcil, .... .
made a farced march to the  scene of action I at 7'.jb,! P.'M. Tiiescby' Evening next; 1
where a skirmish took place. | J Ihtgl 1 (^1 Ins't-f/jir the. pQrppse of lTrak-
Peck filled the whole road,  roaring like  a   ing full arrangements for the celebration    f,   * ;;  ■■;:..:
lion and lashing about in fury  he  demanded | of HeV1Ma]?stv'siBirth'd^. At'ullatten-
the reason  of this gross violation  of inter-   dence ^ ^    ^
national rights.    Years arro  he  had    landed _   _ . ,.-
, 6' ..i.' s■       ,      . .     „e D. Smith,     ..,:.
a force upon the coast and erected a   "Syna- ,-  „
gogue at the "Garden" and  bis  sovereignity \Xt OfffX/ .''''"'■■'■'■''     :''     '
had never been disputed. ' —'—  * ' »	
ittot, FRUITS
AND VEGETABLES.
A large and varied stock of Clothing'sold f-aeap for cash.
: The Farmers' Store, Comox.
The Ciesoont Store, i>ananao.
■■
s \
1C
IP
BULLOGK,
111  Ul
Oi^OCvU   fill*
-.8 I \U\
llfl 1 1    I    a «li ■'■
Y
pirtcd
"If you want lighting,"  said  the butcher,
"pull off your coat,   my  immigrants  (sheep)
are in possession and 1 intend to defend their
rights and mine,"
"Bert, "said
up and figV
to fight. ' Liverpool and London and Globe and I Ji
"No, you fight him,   pa.   I'm   too   tired    -      -,"--- .. . ~    .   :     ' ''■   ;' r       '
Go to Arthur Bullock's, the leading and fashionable dry
g^od8'l:6ii:jj.''<.[ Nanaimo, where the public will find a large
and complete stock of Dry Goods, Millinery and Men's Fur-
nlShing Goods.    Being a direct importer from the European
fluiji Eastern markets, 1 am enabled to offer  Goods at most
'FIRE!
If you wish to insure your P^H-nyl^^i,],, mteH>     My sCoek of Millinery is now most com-
more 'f n ski oh able and stylish class of
house  in British Columbia.   Some
aid the sub-Collector of Customs "£.;t you cannot do better than  call ilpon    jete  an(l I can show a more fn ski oh able and stylish class of
ght him.   I'm too old--! don't want  Mr. W. K.   Leighton,  agent for the \g0or\s  ^]iail   any   other
Risks are  accepted at
supplying pipes for the Nanaimo Water
Works Company.
A   public meeting was held at the
Council Chambers on Wednesday afternoon to take preliminary steps for the
Celebration of Her Majesty's Birthday.
The Mayor was elected Chairman
. and D. Smith Secretary.    Messrs.  W.
L. Jeffry and William Wilks were  appointed Collectors, and Jas.   Abrams
re-elected Treasurer.    A general Committee was appointed   including the
Mayor and  Council,  our   Provincial
representatives, and a host of citizens,
also a number of the sorrounding districts and Gabriola Island.    The meeting then adjourned till Tuesday next
at 7.30 p. m., to recieve the report  of
the collectors,    arrange a   programme
of sports, and general details. We hope
as the time is short to see a full attendance on Tuesday evening.
In conversation with Mr. Joseph. Webb
who has just returned from a six months
visit to England that gentleman describes
the condition of the people as deplorable in the extreme. Want of employment is universal and is rapidly driving
the poor to beggary, despair and crime.
Releif is afforded the destitute on a
gigantic scale, nevertheless the evil increases and it is only a question of time
how long such a strain on the charitably disposed oan be maintained. England
is practically boycotted by all the other
nations of the' world and until she adopts a reciprocal trade policy with ths
world at large and secures thereby the
home market and consequent labour for
her industrial population, the evil will
increase until some revolutionary outbreak shall have convinced the Govern-
NOTICE.
thing ?"
"No, pa.     I think you'd   bettor  thnot   or
fight.   You'reiigger'n I am."
Meantime the butcher had taken possession      I have to ask 'hose who are indebted
the skirmishers were withdrawn on both sides   to me for profesf-ionnl services to make
LADIES' CLOAKS ypLMfflS
cheat immi i flYmels aud blaiets.
(Terms Gash.
ARTHTJE BULLOCK, Orescent Store.
and a temporary truce iS in fore, but bostili-1 K0,ne endcavour t0 pay up thispay.day. | _ fi. ^   ^ ' ^^   j^UR^   OOf^y.
ties may be resumed.
Later—Bert is now-in possession
The town hall at Cornwall, Ont., has been
Out of a large amount of money due
: me  I have hot received sufficient to
pay my rent for the past six months,
.and believe that  those with  whom'I
I
Sfeat'
Dealer in
destroyed by lire. : have been lenient need only to be re-! '       "     '" "     /        '*~"
  minded of the fact, and they will come |gllort Bridge, Victoria Crescent, Nanaimo,  Importer and
I forward with the whole or a portion of i ...
There has been a destructive   fire   in   the I  , , . ,, ,      ,, ,
manufacturing town of Almonte, Ont. ;the amounts owin*—Money should be ;
 ,_,_,  ! paid to myself personally or to my wife
,,    ...       T       ,       , c.     ,    .    f     who   will receipt   ixiyments in   my;
Mr. VJgor,   Inspector  of Steamboats   for ( ■       » ' ' •
British Columbia, died on Thursday at Vic-1 absence.
toria. '  Robert o'buian.M. D.
It is stated that the irrepressible Iliggins is
about to contest Esquimalt at thc coining
elections.
It is also stated that Dewdney of thc North
West Territory will be appointed Lieutenant
Governor of British Columbia.
Thc Colonist asserts that there are 148 prostitutes in Victoria. This is a frightfully
large number for a city 'ess than 8,ooc5
white inhabitants.
The Colonist knows.
I
II
IMPORTER OK
M        I Tools, Rope, Rifles, Sporting  Goods, Lamp Fittings, Paints,
m       A "Coal Oil, White Lead, Shot (runs, Cartridges,
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY.
Stoves, Grates, Ranges, Pumps,
Lead Pipe, Zinc, Etc.
AND   MANUFACTURER  OF
TIN, COPPER, ZINC AND SHEET IRON WARE.
".' AJsb METAL ROOFER.
KKI'AIKINU liOXE AT SIIWKT NOTUK.
,   COMMERCIAL-STREET, NANAIMO.
R.   CRAIG,
Blacksmith.
Hi
n
uUUiuriu
EATING STOVES
Lamps, Lanterns, Boiled and  llriAV  Oil, General House Furnishing Guods.     A full ;■• sor! ment at Lowest Market
Prices.    Als- •,. lutiiictoer of
TIN, SHEET
(Jobbing Pj»g
WORK, &.O.
:litr3nded Tq.
Uerses bbed with  ScTeatluc Acejrscy Ly a SMITH    J,\g, AniiiMS.
of Bsttiy year.' ei^ericnte.
D. J. MoL»i.N.
ment tnat a fiscal policy that lias foster-i .i,„i;,w •-    i r ,      ■ •    ,    ,
1       » eluding thu detailed maps of the mining local
ed mere trading and has developed an 1. .
Mr. Amos liowuiiu who arrived from Ottawa yesterday returns to the province for thc ! Wa jgons of all Kinds Made to Order.
purpose of cont muing the worlt of a gfcSlog-' | REPAIRING PROMPTLY CONE AT LOW RATES.
ical survey in British Columbia. The.detailcd
instructions will follow the sum of money
placed on the Dominion estimates has baen
voted, the latter not being yet finished. His
assistant, Mr. McEvov, is still engaged in
working up the map of Cariboo district    in
itios- Tlie particular district designed for
work this summer is that of Cariboo, finishing thc work begun last  year, ihe  arrange*
ment of details having yet to be made between
immense foreign commerce has been a
mistake all through.
The condition of her people should
be a'nations first consideration; they
should be employed and contented and j th° Dominion ™d ,,JCal governments.   The
any foreign commerce however gratify- isrecial ob-cct is t0 eiva fuU E,n'11,:liabi" in"
ing to national pride is purchased at too; formation as to the native of mineral resources
great a cost that results in the sacrifice *nd othcr interests ^n'on will give monicd
GENERAL  BLACKSMITHING  DONE WITH
EXPEDITION AND ACCURACY.
I
BASTION STREET, NANAIMO, B. C.
D. DAVIS.
Commercial   Street,   Nanaisjo.      |
BOCT AND SHOEMAKErJ
Only Fli-Mt-I1as« Material I'sed.
No Cheap and Worthless (mocis Kept by the Above '
'; HIRST BRO'S,   ;
VAtttJVER OLOTHiG' HOUSE
Jets. Abrams& Co.
Large and complete stock of Men's, Yontlia', Boys' aud Children's
\/conr.ATO
c n
JLSTERS.
»:o: -
of these essentials.
men an opportunity of knowing what to ta'c
All the nostrums of   the politicians hold of h'-re'    Mr>  Powman left for Nev
:.:OMMpROIAi, j^fgj NM-; MMO.
—-:o:—   .        - 1
The above Firm carry a Full Stocl;
■'.'■■•
of Dry Goods,  Groceries.  Hardware,
will fail until they cease to act on   the I Westminster  this morning, and will return I  .    .    ,       . _     .
principal that cheapness is the chief de- probably early ih June to make preparations j A^c^^ I>nple>«entSjiJ<welry, Cut-
Sideratum of existence. ' for the resumption of the survey .--Colonist.   lclT and Fancy Goods, &c,
IMPOR.L'ED DIRECT.
QUANTITY, QUALITY AND CllEAPHESS MEVER CEFORE EQUALLED IN
M A. -•■.  -'■•■■' JL Mi^ %M «
Shirts, (dollars; Gloves, GwM?■>c\,vWlM\ipi\- %litts, Ties, ami
Braces an
nee
itll
•r uiiptU'taiii/ii 1
if ft 1ft
lot of Underclothing, .;i.l.so:.i.k:Ige/parcel of  French
7.   ,   «5 B"
m
iiiMiuL OiiULO fUiU utnwiHiii 0jLirrE.n0
Never before introduced into this Market.
NO TROUBLES TO SHOW GOODS.
fl
1
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