BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

Western Clarion Jan 7, 1911

Item Metadata


JSON: wclarion-1.0318989.json
JSON-LD: wclarion-1.0318989-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): wclarion-1.0318989-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: wclarion-1.0318989-rdf.json
Turtle: wclarion-1.0318989-turtle.txt
N-Triples: wclarion-1.0318989-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: wclarion-1.0318989-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, Jan. 6, 1911.
ati Dm -(■> Hon Pile*
Pmi V—_
alright.   Maybe the workers in the iron j Lloyd George, delivered in the pulpit
and steel groups along with the rest in the City Temple on the previous
How the Farmer Loses by Grasping at  Shadows
'     Dear Comrade Editor:—Will you allow me space to refer lo the remarks
of Comrade Gribble as per his report
I1 in Clarion, Nov. 20th.
His summing up of Comrade O'Brien's riding may seem somewhat
unsatisfactory, but I feel satisfied that
if the North nattleford Comrades put
up a candidate and were  successful,
|vthat conditions would be different here.
For some years to come we will find
[i in most ridings a number of "Socialists in the making," some more advanced than others may tie, hut nevertheless not to be depended on. The
only satisfaction we have is that they
I not get the ear of the meeting, except when making some remark In
harmony with the wishes of the boss
of the show, but the other so-called
Socialists appeared to be satisfied also
that it is a good thing lo fool away
time and money in that manner. And
yet, only aLiut 4 weeks previous ihe
chairman ridicu'ed the idea of sending
a delegate. He agreed with me that
it would be a waste of time and money.
Since then, however, he prr bably met
some of the other members who wanted to send a delegate, which may have
caused him to alter his opinion.
This playing to Ihe gallery appears
are in the grip of the same capitalist I to be part of the make up of clowns
system as ourselves,  whatever satis- !ln general.  This same individual made
faction that may be.
Oh Saturday, Dec. 3rd, the writer attended   our  Jocal  Grain   Growers  As
the statement not long ago that if the
Socialists in this riding put up a candidate that he and his partner would
„„.,!...i„   —„„.!..      i .„i        "   Tij V" icertainly vote for him, but they did not
sociation meeting which was called for  ,„ ...
like to join the party on account of
|having to sign the pledge, because they
the purpose of deciding whether the
North nattleford branch  should send , __—_——_—.^—_—_—_—_—_—_——_—
„  ,.„ .„ ,    «..««       i ,.i   ,1.   'wanted  lo be free in case something
a delegate to Ottawa along  with the . _    ,   , , ..
__,, „_ „„,    -.  „„ ,„ ..      „,    letter than Socialism came along. Now
rest or not.    you are no doubt aware , „ , _
... ,u   »■ . .w . .u» ... i. j. .. ,'s not   that  cute,    Something  better
of the fact that the "root hog or die  I ,      „    , „     „   ...,     .
I than Socialism?   Why the present system is better than Socialism.    Soclnl-
aBsociations of the West are going to
send a monBter delegation to Ottawa
for the purpose of licking Ihe boots of
the capitalists and their henchmen at
that noble burg, in the hope that tho
"root hog or die" bunch may be allowed by the master class to retain a
few more crumbs iu the future. Thai
the master class Is after the same
crumbs cuts no Ice of course.
The  president of our local  branch i
inYited discussion on tho subject. This
gave Ihe writer the opportunity, as a
Ism means the collective ownership
of all the means of life, and all that a
fellow can get under such a system is
the full result of his own labor. Ask
any of Ihe leading stock holders of the
banks, railroads, Hour mills, iron and :
steel industries, mines and factories,!
whether they do not consider Ihe
present system better. Ask the Bish-
jop of London with his "lO.OOO dollars
year income, or the Archbishop of
_^__^_______^____________,Canterbury   with  his  75,000    a    year
member of the "root hog or die" as- -j^-, fte word8 ln„. m nrodlloin(,
sociation    (generally   .referred   to   '^ | (that is what their occupation consists
the G. G. A.I to express bis views on r~ ^^ „„„,,, fetch ,hnt
the subject.    Did It?    No sooner had I,
^^———__—^_^_^_^___J|ount under Socialism.   The description j
I got up and started to explain that the )<,, the b(lt(le ,)etween Splirtil(.HS aml
working   class   need   not   expect   the
capitalist class to gel  off their backs
by   sending   delegates   and   petilions,
than the chairman interrupted me, stat
ing I was going away from the point..
The point to be discussed was whether
the "root hogs" were going lo put
up a hundred dollars or thereabouts
to send a delegate or not. Whether
' the delegates would be successful or
not in their mission, what the association could or could not accomplish ln
case they got turned down, the fact
that the Government at Ottawa Is a
capitalist Government whose duty It
ls to look after the capitalist class,
etc., etc., had nothing lo do with the
subject—according (o the ruling of the
chairman. The meeting decided that
It would be a good Ihlng to send a dele-
J gate. Sure Mike. Tbe railroads and
hotels are only too pleased to relieve
us of any dollar bills we like to throw
Freedom of Bpeech in thia, Ihe 20th
century   when  tbe  mnster  class  are
so enlightened?    Hardly.      Did    the
working mules have freedom of speech
|, during tbe slave empires?   Not much.
Did the same class of mules have free.
- dom of speech during feudal times?
| j, What  next.    Why  then   should   the
j working class to-day expect any dlf-
Iferent  treatment?      The    Salvation
' Army can make as much noise as it
likes in our great cities, the world
over.   They can gather great crowds
at any corner of a leading thoroughfare.   That is O. K.   They talk about
'the next world don't you know.  That
.kind of talk does not affect the interests of the master class here on
'earth, —tut the Socialist wants to talk
about the bread and butter question of
He working class here on earth.  That
_bid of talk might Interfere with the
Interests ot the master class.   Hence
•Hence if you please.   And so we find
all over tbe world, wherever Socialism
'.appears, the servile curs of our mas-
tars, the plug-uglies, ready to drive the
Socialists helter skelter,  crack their
skulls If need be.   Who said Material-
lit Conception of history?   And so our
president, like a real good lick-
i ot capitalism, cannot admit free
speech.  It would never do.
My purpose in writing this Is to
Show wJim we need to expect from so-
Itsts, because the chairman
ng claims tb be a Social-
  other so-called Socialists wfeH* firjiseht.  But not only could
jjCrassus (in which Spartacus and some
260.000 of his fellow workers, out of
a total of 300,000 fell) against the
superior and mote numerous army of
Crassus and Pompey, would indicate
that (he working classes in those days
were made up of different material
than the work mules are to-day. They
evidently did not believe in licking the
boots of« (ho master class like the
members of "root hog or die" associa.
tions of to-day. The masters certainly
gave the slaves a nice tool to play with,
nnd quite harmless, when they gave
them the ballot, well knowing that
they would not know how lo use the
same for their own benefit any way
until a Grlbble or O'Brien shows them
how, whicii of course takes time.
Meanwhile, the members of the G.
G. A., as long as they do not understand economics can hardly be expected to aay anything but He! Haw!
when led hither and thither *by their
no doubt well-meaning but blind as
a bat leaders. A change is coming,
however. The Grain Growers' Guide,
tho official organ of the "root hog or
die" bunch is announcing that that
paper Is "designed to give uncolored
news from the world of thought and
action and honest opinions thereon
with the object of aiding our people
to form correct views upon economics,
social and moral questions," etc., and
so we find in the Guide of October
Hth, 1910, on page 6 under the heading
of "Low tariff movement," amongst
other items, that for Sixty years England has prospered under free trade,
etc., and lower down, we find that
Canada is prosperous to-day, not because of protection but in spite of pro.
tectlon and will be more prosperous
as the tariff Is reduced. On page 5 ot
the same issue of the Guide, however,
second column, the Editor tells us that
the annual average wage for employees
ln the iron and steel group of products
in Canada is $437.47. Whether this
average Includes the wages of foremen
managers, etc., whether there are unskilled laborers who may have families
to support and receive less than the
average just stated, I do not know, but
how prosperous this "acrobat ln econo.
mics," the Editor of tbe Ouide, would
feel If his own average Income was
not more than $437,47 per annum, he
does not say. Judging by his well-fed
and well-clad carcase as I saw him at
the Prince Albert Convention last winter, his income IS considerably more
of the wage plugs are not to be considered M^ien "we" talk about the
| prosperity of Canada.
On the outside cover of the Guide
I we find the following words, "The
| Grain Growers' Guide and Friend of
Labor." Just what that Editor means
by such a sentence I do not know.
He sure overlooked the laborers of
Canada when he stated that Canada
is prosperous. But then, in this respect "We" did not act any different
to what "We" used to do in ye olden
times. The Social insignificance of the
working class cannot be better explained than in the reports of population of cities like Athens or Corinth
about 300 B. C. Athens is credited with
9000 souls while her total population
was 500,000, while Corinth had 40,000
souls out of a population of some 680,-
000. In Corinth therefore about 640,-
000 of the population belonged to the
working class who were not supposed
to have a soul. And to today when
"We" the "Acrobat in Economics"
talks about Canada being prosperous
we also overlook the working plug in
factory, mine and mill. As to the
prosperity amongst the farmers in this
part of Canada anyway, judging by the
appearance of our dwellings it does
not take long to figure out that if
prosperity has started out to come
this way It has not found us yet.
Maybe it got lost on the Prairie somewhere else.
Not so long ago, in fact just before
the freeze up, a farmer not so far
from here had his children out on the
prairie plucking prairie wool for the
bedroom floor. The funds would not
allow of a wooden floor. And as to the
mortgages, chattel mortgages unpaid
Implement bills, etc., but why prolong
Ihe agony by summing it all up.   Our
I guiding star, the editor of ihe Guide
says Canada is prosperous,   ls not that
As   to   England's   prosperity  under
| free trade, let us see. Before me is a
ropy of Lloyds weekly, October 23rd,
1910, which  contains a speech  from
Monday, which is in part as follows:
"Dealing with the unrest that prevails all over the world, he argued
that neither Protection nor Free Trade
was a remedy, but that a complete
change in Social conditions was necessary, with the State taking the lead.
He contrasted the lot of the wretched
half starved denizens of our great
cities. (Will he and his ilk get off
their backs though before they have to,
that is the point) with that of the idle
rich etc'
Continuing he said, "The great unrest amongst the people in all the
civilized countries of the world is
beginning to attract special attention.
Everything points to the fact that the
storm sone has been hoisted, and we
are In for a period of tempests. Tariff
Reformers account for this discontent
by saying it is attributable to our
fiscal system, and that once we adopt
Protection our troubles will be over.
Free traders seem inclined to ascribe
the troubles on the Continent to the
excessive dearness of the necessaries
of life, which is the inevitable result
of high tariffs.
'The answer to both is, said George,
that the causes must be deeper and
must be more universal, for the area
of disturbance extends from the East
to the West."
Mr. Lloyd George also quotes some
of Mr. Chamberlains suggestions, part
of which ls as follows, "That in the
affluent center of this potent Empire
there is a vast multitude of industrious
men, women, and children, for whom
the earning of a comfortable living, and
often of a bare subsistence, is difficult
and precarious. That to alter this
state of things needs drastic and far-
reaching remedy. He suggests a complete revolution in our commercial
system. That the fact of such a sweeping change Involving losses and injury to the fortune of individuals ought
to be no barrier to its Immediate adoption, since the well being of the
majority of the people would thereby
(Continued on Page 4)
Modern ^Devotees Bow to the God of Work.
"Now that the winter of our dis- sented to our astonished gaze. But
content has been made glorious," if J there are discontented and malicious
also exceptionally brief, by the con-!Persons who unfeelingly refer to the
sumption of vast quantities of grub, j festivities of the occasion as a drunken
both liquid and solid, Labor can begin ; »W> etc., comparing their fellowmen
once more to realize on the good iwltl" beasts which to me appeared
wishes for a happy new year. Already >os*- unfair and a libel—on the beasts,
one notices the joyous worker with jJI>' acquaintance with other animals
his tin dinner bucket or paper nose- [besides man is fairly large and 1 know
bag hurrying to the work he loves so \ot B°me species mat on occasion make
well, his countenance beaming in token [gluttons of themselves by over-eating,
of promises about to be made. Here !bu' *■ c»n recall none that would not
and there are some who don't appear | ratherprefer   the pure water of nature
quite so gay and even cast envious
glances at the nosebags of the aforesaid joyous ones. Perhaps they are
those unfortunates who unaccountably failed to take part In the
religious enthusiasm of the last
week of December, and so missed
a share in tbe glory and the glad tidings of great joy which accompanies
this annual express! n ot peace and
From the close observance of the
writer he did not suspect that so many
had been excluded, since for once it
appeared that the interests actuating
Capital and Labor were identical. An.
ticipating the cynically inclined who
doubt the clarity of the observationc of
anyone at this season, ln a question
of this Importance it may be well to
state that he who sets this down has
kept well clear of the "demon rum."
However, there are sure to be some
unreasonable beings to strike a jarring
note of discord amidst the almost universal chorus of praise, even going
as far as to deny and jeer at its religious significance. Yet lt is a fact
of history for centuries that the flowing cup of joy was ever the symbol of
glory and good-will on the recurring
natal day of Christ.
In the past, christian zealots have
stood well by what tbe pagans (and
Comrade Burgess) called the "nectar
of the gods." One orlgtnal genius
claims, justly lt seems to me, that no
one but a hearty consumer of strong
waters could have so graphically pictured the horrors of Hell that some of
the clergy, living and dead, have pre-
to the artificial product of breweries,
distilleries and omer places. In this
connection, I think it was Mark Twain
who remarked "that man is the only
animal that blushes—or needs to."
Nevertheless, whether the kind reader agrees to tbe religious view as previously stated, or not, the season
should give ample apology to any
working man who may perhaps have
overstepped the bounds. For after
twelve months of prohibition of little
else than Liver and, Pork and, Corned
Beef and, Bacon and (the "and" here
takes on tbe double quality of noun
and conjunction) these working class
viands washed down by coffee originating on the boundless prairies or a very
thin liquid sometimes called ditch
water, otherwise Tea, or maybe a
cheap beer, some latitude muBt be allowed lest he cease altogether to respect the church which has so generously appropriated from others, for the
workers especial benefit the festival
of Christmas.
So, therefore, while a life's experience has seemingly failed to convince
the most ot us that wishes good or
bad are of no avail in the achievement
of our desires, still we can look back
(and forward) with pleasure to that
brief portion of the year when the
brotherhood of Capital and Labor expresses itself ln the cup of joy, albeit
of differing quality of contents, drained
alike by each with an aim and purpose
the Identity of which is proved by tbe
same Immediate effect, tbe ultimate
standing ln no need of any such demonstration.
While we wage a wordy war about
religion pro and con, it seems to the
writer as if after all the talk is wasted,
for what is the religion of the world
today? It is as it always waB, a
reflex of the prevailing economic conditions. Long ago when the flint ax
culture was in vogue and the simple
life the only one known, then man and
his spouse or spouses gorged themselves with fish and lesser game, easily
caught, when prostitutes physical and
mental were not, when mortgages and
the drug habit did not exist, when
locaf option and monogamy were yet
unborn, when writs of law and pawn
shops had not appeared, when in fact
the manifold blessings of a beautiful
nd humane civilization were yet in the
womb of Nout, man's religion was aB
Bimple as his life. He stuck a stake
over his lost one's grave and placed
food and weapons thereon. The only
trinity he knew was the almighty food,
clothing and shelter; high gods and
imperative to be obeyed.
Later, as production.became more
complex, then the slave had come,
then surplus produce began to pile
up, then the priesthood were established, a more abtruse metaphysical
thought was born. In Egypt, a land of
beautiful climate and rich natural re-
sorces, a land where slaves toiled and
died "unhonored and unsung" as good
slaves should, a religion of beauty and
elegance arose. The life of the master
class, easeful and reposeful was represented therein. In the everlasting
halls, rich carven and massively
beautiful, Ihe priests lived and performed the service of the gods, to
drug with the sweet narcotic of sensuous incantations the minds of the
common people and to live peacefully
upon their backs. Beside their father
Nile they dwelt and sweet and languorous rose their psalms of praise to
isis and Osiris, to Salu and to Ra the
never dying.
In Scandinavia, cold and bleak, we
j find a different state of things, here
flourished a hardy race, high handed
and brutal. Swift flashed their warships over the ocean, loot and the
love of fighting, they lived for; stark
was the land and sad after their fierce
piratical raids. With ax and crossbow they slew or were slain,
deep they drank of the mead and ale,
short life and a merry one they
lived according to their habits. Tall
and strong were these sea rovers,
flaxed haired and" bloody-hearted, women and men. Their religious ideas,
of course, were In line with this state
of thlngB. In Valhalla, Thor rolled his
thunders and quaffed great horns of
mead to the success of the struggling
champions below. Over the stricken
battle deck the ValkyricB hovered and
carried the souls of tbe nobly slain to
the regions of the godB, there to live
in eternal gluttony and ease.
In the middle ages of Europe, a mellowness was upon tbe land, tho feudal
system was at its zenith, society had j
entered upon a spell of rest in which
the incipient capitalist class were as
yet unnoticed. Great churches, exquisitely beautlfu* uprose On eve*ry
Bhlre and township. The monks were
peaceful and learned after their manner, the baron, safe ln bis stone castle
and ln the strength of his retainers,
fleeced the serf or seduced his neighbor's wife as he felt inclined. Rich
and beautiful clothing the master class
had; music in a crude state, Jesters
and mummers and celebrations were
the order of the day. The church, at
the apex of prosperity, taught that
these conditions were as God had ordained and the serfs gave heed, therefore a measure of peace prevailed.
Once again then, what is tbe religion of to-day? Not Christianity, for
tbat was the cry of tbe distressed and
the stricken; the cry of the gyve- galled slaves, the voice of labor in agony.
Its tattered remnants are with ns today, and here and there one finds a
slave Imbued with its teachings, and
it must be contest that, when genuine,
no better fellow exists. For the professional christian, of course, we have
no more use than for a professional
anything else, the word "professional"
Implies wages; a lob.   No. the religion
of to-day is WORK, a sordid, brutal
disgusting superstition; "make good"
its motto, which, ln order to carry out,
anything and everything must be sacrificed. The godhead of this noble
creed is Lord Capital, upon whose
altars human life and ease are cast.
The working class worship dally; aloft
he sits, a very Pluto, for his high
places of worship are dark with the
reek of foul smoke, or scorching flame,
ot stink and fume of steam and gas,
aye and of tbe sweat and blood of a
thousand slaughtered slaves.
Talk of tbe slain at the Druid altar
fires, speak with disgust of the murderous flint knife of the Aztec priest,
these are but nothing as compared
with tbe human toll Capital demands
and takes. Before this shrieking, capering, clanging, soulless monster the
world bows; the virgin's chastity, the
mother's agony, the father's slain or
crippled are as meat to his horrid
belly. The dim cloud of the battle
field, the mangled corpses, the wounded and the dying, the blasted countryside, the shattered home, these are
as the breath of life to his bestial
nostrils. For him all the things are,
for him the poor houses are filled,
for him the mad bouses overflow,
for him the dens of prostitution flourish. It is his whim that our food is
poisoned, that our clothes are shoddy,
that we dwell in pens and shacks. To
do him honor the working class
stomach is pinched, tlie working class
cheek is wan, the working class body
is stunted and frail. At his command,
the children whose lives should be
sweet with the verdure and beauty
of green fields and pleasant gardens,
who should grow tall and straight
in the atmosphere of perfect freedom
are called into the vortex of his Industry and perish before the real human life should begin. At his Instructions the stinging lash flashes gory
over the backs of the straining slaves;
lo do his pleasure human misery exists.
Yes, it is work that is our world religion, the slave knows no other
thought, the lazy man amongst them
is an outcast, a black sheep, a dead
beat, and for those who would deride
his religion be has at best, hatred and
often blows and abuse. In this sense
we of the Socialist party are frankly
and unblushingly antl-rellgious. Our
attack is upou this creed and here we
need not shuffle nnd dodge behind a
dialetlc, for 'tis the dialectic which
shows ub light. Against the professors and expounders of this doctrine
we have declared war, a war that has
no ending until the Idol Capital lies
shattered at our feet.
Against this reilex are our guns
directed, to storm Its citadel we shall
use all means In our power. Aye, we
will invade bis temple, we will level
his altars we will do to him even as
Marduk of old did unto Tiamat, the
mother of confusion, we will cast him
down and have peace. Here at tbis
point tbe battle Is fully joined and we
shall need all our forces to persuade
the slave that case and not work Is
the only true religioD. We must alter
the economic baso of society, wc must
bring to be, social ownorship, we must
take these high places of Pluto the
destroyer and turn mum into instruments of our ease. We must unite
tbe workers to this end, and in order
to do so, we must destroy, as we have
said before, tbis soul-deadening reflex
of work. To tbis end we are organized,
tor this reason do we agitate, here is
the reason for our existing, if reason
we have. Education Is our motto, Jet
us educate and try not to confuse.
Together all, ln solid ranks, cast out
dissention from our midst and then
for us is the victory.
The slave to superstition is generally an easy mark for exploitation.
Capitalist "civilization" depends Upon wage slavery; the longer lt lasts
the harder the pinch and the greater
the exploitation.
Mine explosions are always caused
by "gross carelessness oh the part of
the employees."
1 ;
Published every Saturday *r the
So-rialls* Party of Canada, at the Office
*t the Western Clarion, Flack Black
_Hainent, 165 Hastings Street, Vanceu-
-*-. B. C.
Far Tear, so oenta (or Hz Months,
SS casta (or Three Months.
■Matty in _ dvanoe.
Bundles  of  6  or  more  eopiea,  for a
■WM af not lesa tlxui three months, at
mt* rate af one cent per copy per lsaue.
Advertising rates on application.
If  you  receive  this  paper,  it la paid
la making remittance by cheque, exchange   must   be   added.     Address   all
nmunications   and    make   all   money
"— payable to
Vancouver, B. o.
Watch the label on your paper. If this number is on it,
your subscription expires the
next issue.
Of course, in a society where business is business and then some, it
could hardly be otherwise than that
the business-like should be accorded
all honor and admiration, and that
contempt and contumely should be
the lot ot those who are so unfortunate as to be unbusinesslike. And so
thoroughly permeated with bourgeois
methods of thought are we of this day
and generation that "even the rebellious fall unconsciously to extoll the
purely capitalist virtues; whence, for
e—.mple, some one, usually some one
more or less remotely connected with
business, will occasionally make a
great outcry about the unbusiness
methods of the Local to which he belongs, and the Local will sit around
and feel guilty. For our part, while
we are not contending that he is not
more or less right in that it may be
necessary to be business-like, at any
rate in moderation, yet we cannot help
feeling that it is in the nature of a
necessary evil and not anything in the
nature of an accomplishment.
For, after all, it is difficult to conceive of an occupation more degrading than business, except, of course,
work, and even work makes no pretence to respectability at any rate.
The slave is not an object to com-
_tand much admiration, and, by the
same token, does nol command much;
but, in his own sphere, the business
man displays not very much more ad-
_rirable qualities, however much he
_iay today be admired, while the failings of the un business-like appear to
■s in many respects quite likeable and
rogretable only from a purely financial
Truly, the art ot business is the
perversion of the arts and sciences,
not to say their prostitution. To
what an ignoble purpose is mathematics put when its painfully acquired
nee is set to the mean and sordid
drudgery of keeping a picayune and
miserly set of books accurately. What
a eight for the gods! Classic mathematics the bond-slave of petty-bour-
gents Petty-Cash! The high-browed
goddess that can revel in bl-nomials
and fathom the transcendence of PI, in
a cheap wire cage computing the pro-
Bt on an onion and earnestly delving
through massive tomes In search of a
strayed farthing!
Think of the bright imagination,
■ow profitably engaged in the produc
thm of an oil company prospectus,
which might so much more usefully
be employed In the composition of
nonsense verses for children young
and old.
Behold the Demosthenic orator on
the highway pouring forth, in the
miserable effort to sell an impossible
foantain pen at an unbelievable price,
a persuasive eloquence that might
martial a mighty crusade.
No, we are not in love with business
methods, and we have nothing but
contempt for the parsimonious qualities they foster. We live in hopes of
seeing the day and generation in which
these methods will meet with the
•corn and despisal they so richly deserve, to the end t. lat the sons and
daughters of Man may be as unbusi-
*esslike as they desire and may give
tree play to the free-handed generosity and heedless prodigality so dear
te their hearts.
"All anarchists agree with Tolstoy
In tbis fundamental truth: if the production of any commodity necessitates
ifee sacrifice of human life, society
-gun-Id do without that commodity, but
It can not do without that lite."—Emma Ooldman.
This sentiment wduld be admirable
ot an expression of the pretty imaginings of the idealist, were It not for the
teterpotntion of the words, "funda-
-Bor-tal truth." For' in all the realm-
-Sf organic  activity,  no  fact  last
patent than that there is no factor
for which nature has such small concern as for the life-germ within any
individual organism. The continuance
of Life is conditioned by bitter struggle
ln which the weak are ruthlessly sacrificed to the strong, the individual to
the whole—the maintenance of any
particular form is accompanied by the
destruction of others. The life of one
organism necessarily implies the death
of another.
Man, urged by the lash of necessity,
and because he was the stronger, overcame and subjugated all other animals,
making them merely the condition for
his survival. But, ln common with
many other species, man ls a cannibal.
This is as true to-day as at any period
of his development, even though the
practice ot gnawing each other's shin
bones may have become stale and uninspired. Within itself, the human
race is discovered spilt into two sections, one ot whici, feeds upon the
other. Whatever name may be attached to the parasite portion, be it capitalist or otherwise, the principle ts the
same—one class lives, moves and has
its being at the expense of the other.
The sacrifice of human life is a
necessary part of social class-division,
for in such a society the possession of
wealth by the dominant or owning
class, and the consequent prolongation ofits advantageous position, is of
paramount importance to the life of
any individual, and particularly of any
member ot the "inferior," or wealth-
producing class. It is not to be supposed that we are attempting to condone industrial slaughter. But it
should be realized that the question is
not what society "should" do, but what
it MUST do under given conditions.
The very fact that the production of
a commodity "necessitates" the faking
of a life, is sufficient proof that society can not do without the commodity and can do without the life.
Where, then, is the working class to
seek relief from the thunderbolts that
daily hurl destruction, grief and despair into its ranks on the field of
production ?
Obedient to the same impulse that
forced our forebears to combine and
fight the savage beasts of antiquity,
the workers must band together to
meet and conquer these last enemies,
who as rulers and exploiters feed upon
the product of their social toil. That
done, the working class would constitute Human Society. There would
then be no necessity for the shedding
of blood in wealth production, for,
classes being abolished, all members
of the. human race would have demonstrated their fitness to survive
and would devote all their energies
to the preservation and promotion of
their own well-being.
There Is an old Latin proverb, which
translated, reads: "So many men, so
many minds." Human experieqee
shows this saying to he as true to-day
as when it was first enunciated—long
before Latinm was known as such or
Rome's first stone had been laid. In
the dispute recently appearing In the
Clarion as to whether a man can be
a Socialist and at the same time a
Christian the truth contained ln the
above quoted proverb seems to have
been lost sight of. To the writer, the
question seems to be whether any intelligent man can be a christian, and
daily experience compels an affirmative reply. Another fact ratified by
almost daily experience is that a man's
religious beliefs will not prevent him
from following any course of action
prompted by his material interest. He
will square hia religious beliefs with
his actions in some manner satisfactory to himself. Most business men
are members of some church or other,
If not pillars thereof, and their oft-
times questionable proceedings In Ihe
pursuit of wealth need a deal of elas
ticlty on the part of tuelr consciences
and get It. Convince a man that the
establishment of the co-operative commonwealth would be to his material
interest and he will become n Socialist
no matter to what religion, If any, he
pins his faith.
*   *    *
Religion is taught to most of us from
the time we first learn to speak and
becomes part and parcel of our mental
make-up without any volition on our
part. Such early teachings are almost
impossible to eradicate, and those of
us who are scientific enough to reject
these teachings later in life should,
methinks, be liberal enough and wise
enough to recognize that we are not
all built alike mentally and that the
comrade who still holds, more or less,
to his early religious beliefs, can no
more help doing so than he could help
being born. We cannot expect every
convert to Socialism to study sufficiently to accept the materialist conception of history in its entirety nor
Is it necessary. It goes without sa'ying
that one that does so cannot at the
same time be a christian.
«   t   *
The missionaries in China have
drawn the attention of the Western
world to the famine existing in that
country. Three million people are affected by the failure of the crops and
$1,000,000 are needed to afford relief.
A Presbyterian missionary is particularly desirous.of relieving .the distress
■■i****r*-***oa*o-i*-'*b disUicL for.^s
he says, it is useless preaching the
gospel to people who are starving. No
doubt many sympathetic souls will be
induced to part with hard cash to help
fill the stomach of the heathen Chinee,
and thus prepare him to assimilate the
pious yarns of the various gentry engaged in the business of propagating
the same.
»'   *   *
Meanwhile, there are multitudes in
the western hemisphere who are perpetually on the verge of starvation, j
who never know what it ls to have
enough to eat, whose children go to
school with empty stomachs. As has
been found to be the case with the
Chinks, lt is useless to attempt to
teach these children the valuable lessons which tend to make them more
efficient slaves of capitalism. To feed
the far away Chink creates no bad
precedent, but to feed the children of
the big cities of our western civilization Is a different matter. There is
no telling to what it will lead if the
capitalist state acknowledges its responsibility In the matter of putting
the children in the proper state to
assimilate knowledge by first feeding
them. Nevertheless there has been a
move on foot for some time past to
do so and the movement extends even
to New York.
* *   *
In  spite of objections  to  relieving
the parents of their bounden duty to
feed their offspring  (oh these moral
capitalists!) it will come to pass that
a good meal will be part of the school
course, otherwise the child, so soon to
become a slave, will remain as inefficient as if no school existed and the
capitalist support the schools for the
express purpose of making its future j
slaves competent to produce the larg-
est possible amount of surplus value.
The  reason  that the parents  do  not
provide   their   children   with   needed
food Is because the sweet, white souls i
that are so ready to ily to the aid of the
[dear, interesting,  yellow  brotner are,
! with other beneficiaries, part and parcel of a system by whicii the deliquent
I parents are obliged to yield up ah the
I produce of their labor, receiving in its
! place a sum of money called wages, a
' sum hammered down  by  competition
i between said parents, to obtain a job,
ito  dimensions  so  pitifully  small  Inat
they are wholly unable  to feed their
families half as well as their masters
feed their dogs.    It is a charming sys-
' tern but the workers like it anil curious
| to say the worst off are the biggest
I opponents  of Socialism.    At the  last
'analysis  it Is the working class that
is responsible for its own degradation
land the majority of workers well de-
I serve the contempt In which they are
held by their roasters, for they could
end their slavery If they would.
* •    *
Another trust is about to receive a
solar plexus blow and disappear from
the fields of commerce like a punctured dirigible. This time the doughty
deed is to be done in our own very own
Canada and the victim chosen for the
operation ls the U. S. Shoe Machinery
Co., which appears to have established
Its factories on this side of the Hue and,
sad to relate, is using its business
abilities in a reprehensible boosting of
prices and restraint of trade and, by
reason of its possessing sundry patents,
ls still further enabled to restrain
trade to the unspeakable disgust and
suffering of sundry manufacturers of
boots and shoes who complain that
they are held up by theBe commercial
pirates whenever they purchase machinery needed In their business. They
are, therefore, Invoking the law to
quash the alleged trust and restore
that competition so dear to the capitalist ln every line but his own.
* •   •
Things do not look rosy for the suffering boot and shoe manufacturers as
Judge Cannon at the preliminary hear
Ing did not consider the complainants
had made out a case, but nevertheless
granted the Investigation. The writer
of the despatch relating to the matter
sapiently addB: "If (mark the If) this
trust ls broken up the days of the
trusts will be over ln Canada and
manufacturers will resort to the older
methods ot competition to increase
their business." Certainly he is a
wise scribe.
* •   •
Consolidation of capital, tho trust,
1b the outcome of competition. When
a manufacturing business, say of boots
and shoes, is returning a profit above
the normal rate, capitalists immediately Invest in the manufacture of boots
and shoes and the added output when
it ls placed on the market brings down
the price. The boots and shoes are
made to sell and when there 1b competition among sellers, as there now Is
owing to the number of new factories
the competitors commence cutting
prices sb an Inducement to the hoped-
for customer to buy. Prices are cut
more aud more as the number of competitors increases till the price 1b down
to and below the cost of raw material
and labor. A number of the smaller
capitalists are forced into bankruptcy
and the remainder come to an agreement to maintain prices at a certain
level. This is commonly called a combine and rouses to wrath that animal
known as tho consumer. An example
of a business with too many competitors In same and the resulting combine
Is the so-called elevator monopoly in
.^Pffl^ijjr,p.*-t-jjc.esJ. r     s
Our wholesale buyer of boots and
shoes, especially if the market is very
well supplied finds he can persuade
one or other of the manufacturers to
break the price agreement and undersell his brethren. As this is continually going on to the detriment of profits the concerns with the largest capital amalgamate with one another and
undersell to find other means of forcing all or nearly all the remainder of
their competitors to quit business. We
now have one large concern able to
be run at a much less cost than the
aggregate cost of running many individual concerns and having almost
entire possession of the market, it is
enabled to regulate the supply to meet
the demand and maintain prices at a
profitable level. This is the trust and
is a perfectly logical and unavoidable
result of competition.
Dear Mac:—Re Christian Socialist
and Socialism, may I just have a look
A prominent divine is said to have
made this statement: "give me the
first seven years of a child's life and
I know what church he will follow"
(words to that effect ,at least). The
statement to me Is somewhat understated. Had he made it 12 years ln
place of 7 the idea involved would
have carried far more weight. However, we who have passed through
Sunday schools know full well that
our minds were trained to believe and
not question; because by asking questions we were manifesting a doubtful
attitude of mind that would bring us
no good. Consequently, having this
idea—Believe, Believe—dinned into
our ears week after week, and, at the
same time, never coming into contact
with people who held diverse views
(in fact we were told to leave all
such severely alone) the consequences
were we grew up prejudiced In mind
towards nil who held different "beliefs" to ourselves. .Many of us have
learned since, that this kind of religion (so termed) education had by
previous generation been carefully
thought out for us to keep us in subjection, so that we would make better
slaves for our masters.
Now Christian Comrades, writing
from experience, as I slowly passed
from orthodoxy to heterodoxy, it was
most decidedly a difficulty to get rid
of those prejudicial feelings that had
been carefully educated for some IS
years. Yet. just as I got more and
more grounded in knowledge not beliefs, so did I find it easier to cast off
old prejudices. Therefore comrades,
who still adhere to the Chiistian faith,
I claim that a man who can truly call
himself a socialist has become a
thinker; by so doing he has set in
motion particles in the grey matter of
his upper story that has caused him
to become a reasoner. Consequently,
just as he allows his mind to reason
out things for himself, and concludes
therefrom, in spite of all fear of hell
fire and damnation and all such rot,
just in like ratio will he find the spirit
of prejudice leaving him. I further
claim tbat 5 years training in a good
socialist local will cause the most
ardent Christian to change his mind
very radically. Motto—Let the light
of reason prevail.
A. L.
Socialist Directory
Every local of the Socialist Party
of Canada should run a card under thla
head. $1.00 per month. Secretaries
please note.
"At a meeting of the joint committee of the Trades and Labor Council
and the Social Democratic Party last
night it was announced that the financial support to the labor candidates
at the recent civic elections had been
the most generous on record, and that
the funds subscribed or promised
would be almost sufficient to meet the
expenses."—Free Press, Winnipeg,
December 20, 1910.
This is the policy of " no compromise, no political trading," followed by
the Social Democrats. They join
hands with a body that upholds capitalism and so confuse the working
class as to the real issue.
That the Trades and Labor Council stands for capitalism wns amply
proved at the last provincial election
when one of their prominent members
stated that they could not unite with
the S. P. of C. as the Trades Council
wanted fair wages and the S. P. of C
wanted to abolish the wage system.
When will the workers wake up to
the fact that electing men by the votes
of non-Socialists will not bring the
social revolution. Men that will compromise and call themselves labor men
to get elected, will compromise and
sell themselves to stay elected. Only
the class conscious votes of Socialists
will count. And there is only one
party that stands clear out for the
abolition of the wage system and that
ls the Socialist Party of Canada. Fellow wage-Blaves you must study the
literature of the Party and attend its
meetings and so work for your own
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. G. Mc.
Kenzle, Secretary, Box 1688, Vancouver,  B.  C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. O. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 1688 Vancouver, B. C.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofnee. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province. F. Danby, Sec, Box 647 Calgary.
Committee: Notice—This card Is
Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" interested ln the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
secretary, W. H. Stebbings. Address,
316 Good street, "Winnipeg.
tive Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKinnon's,
Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box 4D1, Glace Bay, N. S.
LOCAL   FERNIE,   S.   P.   of   C.   HOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle, every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business
meeting first Sunday ln each month,
same place at 2:30 p. m.
David  Paton, Secy., Box 101.
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays ln the month at 2M7
*MCS"ttl"Stcr A,":"1"'-      Secretary.    Wm.
I'0SA^ T-**0* ■»■ •*>•• m*. -a, a. f.
of o. Meets every Tuesday, 8 p. m.
sharp, at L. O. L. Hall, Tronson St.
Chas. Ohaney,  Secretary.
-OCAl ▼ICTOB-t,, NO. 2, .*. T. OP O.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
623 Johnston St. Opposite Queens Hotel. Business meeting every Tuesday
evening, 8 a.m. Propaganda moetinga ,
every Sunday at Grand Theatre.
T. Gray, Secretary.
_OCA_ Y_I_, B. O., NO. 31, a. •». of a
—Meet* every third Saturday la
month, at 7:30 p. m. E. Anderson.
Secretary; W. B. Mclsaao, Treasurer.
Unattached Comrades ln the district
are earnestly requested to get in touch
with Secretary, who will answer all
L0,?-\* CA5*aft*vt* i"1- m*. 4, s. ».
of c. Meetings every Sunday at 8
P.m. in the Labor Hail, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postonlce). Club
and Reading Room. Labor Hah. T,
Machln, Secretary. Box 647, A. Macdonald,   Organizer,   Box   647.
Miners Hall and Opera House. Propaganda Meetings at 8 p.m. on the lst ,
and 3rd Sundays of the month. Busi- [
ness meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at 8
Organizer—T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.
Secretary, D. H. Hyslop, Box 63, Coleman Alta. Visitors may receive lnfor- <
■nation any day at Miner's Hall from
Com. w. Graham, Secretary of U. M.
W. of A.
LOCAL   LADYSMITH   NO.  10,   S.   P.   a*
C. Business meetings every Saturda)
7 p.m. in headquarters on First Ave
J. H. Burrough, Box 31, Ladysmlth.
B.  C.
C, meets every Sunday in Urahum'sj
Hull at 10:30 u. m. Socialist speakers
are invited to cull. V. Frodsham, Secretary.
LOCAL MA—A, B. C, NO. 34, S. F. of C,
.Meets first .Sunday iu every month in
Socialist Hall, Mura ::30 p.m. Cyril
Kos'cmun,   Recording   Secretary.
LOCAL  MOYI2,  B.  C,  NO.  30.—MEETS
second Sunday 7:30 p.m. in McGregoi
Hall (Miners' Hall), Thos. Roberts,
LOCAL   NAIIAIMO,   NO.   8,   S.   P.   of  C.
meets every alternate Sunday evening
In Foresters Hall, Business meeting
ut 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences ut'S:oo o'clock,
.lack Place, Rec. Secy., Box 82 0.
LOCAL   NELSON,  S.   F.   of  C,   MEETS
every Friday evening at s p. in., in
Miners' Hall, Nelson. 13. C. 1. A. Austin,  Secv.
S. P. of C.—Meets every Sunday in
hali in impress Theater Block ut 2:00 1
p. in.    L. H. Goiiiam, Secretary.
P. of C. Hearquarters 622 First St.,
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our Reading Room ls open to the pub-,
lie free, from lo a.m. to 11 p.m. daily.'
P. Blake. 6-1 a Athabasca Ave., Secretary. Treasurer, T. Bissett, 322 Fourth
St., Organizer.
S. P. of C—Meets lst and 3rd Sun-,
day in the month, at 4 p.m <n
Miners' Hall. Secretary, chas.
Peacock, Box 1 9S3.
WAN—.Meets every Sunday, 3 p.m.,
rradss Hall, Seurth St. Secretary,
Alex. Watchman, General Delivery.
Socialist speakers will be greatly appreciated.
quarters. Kerr's Hall. 120 1-2 Adelaide
Mreet. opposite J'oblin Hotel. Business meeting every Monday evening at
3P ra. Propaganda meeting Sunday
evening S p.m. Everybody welcome.
Secretary, .1. w. Hilling, 270 Young
LOCAL     NO.     34,     TORONTO,   ONT	
Headquarters, 10 and 12 Alice St.
(near Vonge). Business meetings
every 2nd und Ith Wednesday; propaganda meetings every Sunday at i
and S p. tn. By arrangement wlt'i
Toronto University popular scientific
lectures every Monday at 8 p.m. during tlie winter. Address all communications to Secretary, No. 10 and 12
Altee St.
Propaganda und business meetings al
8 p. in. every Sunday evening in the
Edison Parlor Theater. Speakers
passing through Revelstoke are invited to attend. B. F. Gayman, Secretary.
VtOm— the business of Manufacturers,
Rngincertt and others who realize the advisability of baring their Patent business transacted
by Kxr-efU. Prelimiuaryadvicefree. Charges
mode-all:. Our Uve-iter'a Adviser sent upon
p-niiest. Marion * Marion, New York T.ife Bldg,
Jkutrcal ; r ml Waaliintftoa. 1>.C, U.S.A-
LOCAL ROSS—AND, NO. 35, S. P. of C,
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday ai
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secy., p. O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets In Finlanders' Hall, Sundays ai
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
54 Rossland.
LOCAL   VANCOUVER,   B.  C,   NO.  1	
Canada.       Business    meetings    every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, 2237
Westminster Ave.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 1S88.
LOCAL BBANTFOBH, No. 16, S. P. of O.
.Meets at headquarters, 13 George St.,
every Thursday und Sunday nights.
Business and Speakers' Olass on Thursdays; Economic Class on Sundays.
Wage workers invited. A. W linker,
Secretary. II George St. IV. Davenport, Organizer,   141 Nelson St.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO.   8,   B.   P.   of  a
Business meeting lst Sunday in
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. in Robert-
Allan hall, 78 Rldeau St. John Lyons,
Secretary, 43 Centre St.
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. in Macdon-
ald's hall. Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland.
Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G. Ross!
Financial Secretary, office In D N.
Brodie Printing Co. building, Union
To Canadian Socialists
On account of Increased postal
rates we are obliged to make the
subscription price of the International Socialist Review ln Canada
$1.20 a year instead of $1.00. We
can, however, make the following
special offers:
For $3.00 we will mall three
copies of the Review to one Canadian address for one year.
For 70 cents we will mall ten
copies of any one Issue.
For $3.00 we will mall the Review   one   yeur   and   the   Chicago
Dally Socialist for one year.
134  West Kinzle St., Chicago.
Price List of Literature
Issued by the Dominion Executive
"Slave of The Farm," or
"Proletarian in Politics," to locals subscribing to the publishing fund, $1.00
per 100, to others 25c per doz.
"Socialism and Unionism" to be published.
"Value, Price and Profit," to subribers
to publishing fund $2 per 100, to others
30c per doz.
' 'Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism"  to subscribers  to   publishing
fund $6 per 100, to others 76c per doz,
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start Local) $5.00
Membership  Cards,  each 01
Duet Stamps, each 10
Platform and   application   blank
per 100   25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto In Ukranlan, per 100 50
Conitltutons, per dozen, 50c.
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen        50
Riddle of the Universe, by
Haeckel    25c
The Rights of Man, Paine...   25c
The Story.of Creation, Clodd 25c
Life of Jesus, Ronan    25c
Age of Reason, Paine    25c
Merrie England    21c
Ingersoll's Lectures, lst, 2nd
snd 3rd series  each 25c
Postage prepaid o.i books
The People's Book Store
152 Cordova St. W.
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
305  Cambie Street
The best of everything properly m*
Chas. Molcahey, Prop,
!•»    I
TAILOR     1
834 PENDER .-J
»»»«»«»«»tt»«««*»»*»»»»»«<HMr ft ■ 0 g»t
*£ .._tiso*N;_oloHi_ws-
CI *,/*>* 8ATURDAY, JANUARY 7th, 1911
TV* Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address AU Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box  1688, Vancouver, B. C.
Meeting held January 3rd, 1911.
Present comrades    Karme,    (chairman), Morgan, Peterson and the secretary.
Minutes of previous -meeting approved. Charters granted to Locals
Dewberry and Blairmore, Alta, Tamarisk, Man, Malakwa, and Silver Creek,
B. C.
Local Revelstoke's proposition for
referendum on Convention ordered
Correspondence dealt with from
Maritime, Manitoba, and Alberta executives; from locals Ottawa and
Fennell Hall. Organizers O'Brien and
Gribble and Comrade M. Wayman,
| Ottawa.
Warrants authorized for—
| W. Grlbble, organizing   ? 50.00
Clarion, December card        1.00
Secretaries December salaries .    30.00
LB. C. Executive supplies $100.00
^Maritime executive stamps—     5.00
(Manitoba executive charter—     1.00
f Local Ottawa stamps      5.00
I Local Fennell Hall stamps—     3.40
IC. M. O'Brien stamps       5.00
(Buttons, H. Colllngwood       1.00
| Buttons, A. W. Baker 50
I Literature, Local   Michel     20.00
Vancouver        10.00
Lestor    25
i Clarion maintenance fund, December surplus        17.35
B.   L. J       100
Total    ?1G9.50
Next meeting to be held Monday,
January 16th, 8 p. m.
Meeting held January 3rd, 1911.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from locals Malakwa, Silver Creek, Michel,
South Fort George, Victoria, Greenwood, Nanaimo, Finnish and Organizer Desmond.
Warrants authorized for—
Coal    *   2.00
Oganagan Organ. Com     30.00
Literature        13.00
Dominion Executive    '   100.00
Sec. Dec. salaries      30.00
Local Silver Creek charier f 5.00
Local   Malakwa  charter     6.00
Local   Greenwood   supplies     5.25
Local Nanaimo, Fin. branch     1.00
Local Van. No.  1  stamps   20.00
Local Van. No. 45 stamps     5.00
Local Van. No. 58 stamps     3.00
L     Total    *'5.25
Whereas a convention of the Socialist Party of Canada Is now necessary
to unify the movement in Canada. Resolved that this local initiate a call
for such convention to be convened in
the month of October, 1911. (Definite
date to be fixed by the Dom. Ex. Com.)
at Calgary, Moosejaw or Winnipeg, (to
be decided by a vote of the Dominion.)
Revelstoke, Dec. 28, '10.
•   •   •
The attention of all locals is called
to the above and those favoring tho
proposition are requested to so notify their Provincial Executives before February 15. On which Provincial Executives should make returns
to the Dominion Executive before Feb-
ruary 28.
And the Toronto Explosion.
Comrade Editor:—So the Toronto
bomb haB at last exploded, lt is not
: altogether unexpected. I informed the
;man behind the bomb,'that I would be
in the fight, and I'll do my little best
towards keeping my promise.
In the first place, lt ls charged that
the editor is utterly confused on the
qjuestlon of religion. Personally, H
feel the editor is perfectly correct ln
his attitude on the question, I have
long admired him for his Impartiality,
and for his persistent refusal to be
drawn into side tracks and unquestionably religion is one of these. Apart
form this, however, a threshing out of
some of the charges will do the party
|     ; no harm.
<3ne charge is that organizers have
,-l*Mn criminal ln their anxiety, pre-
\ MMJ-'ably, to form locals, without first
I ***ltsg they were all classconsclous.
j I don't think any of our organizers
'<■ eaa be charged with this, it is up to
.i.Toronto to produce proofs as far as
if locals being unfit for membership ls
I iwwerned, if wo waited till all com-
i attained an S. P. G. B. standard,
admitting them to locals, we
«**fAt a considerable length of
ve no doubt that moat mem-
* _Mtlii"lii me out la saying tbat
■p*» majority of us were anything but
good Socialists when we joined, and
our education dated from tbe time we
joined the organization.
Another aggravation is, that (free
lance) speakers have been tolerated?
Produce your evidence. Regarding
the matter of literature, the D. E. C.
are trying to remedy the present state
of affairs, as quickly as possible, by
issuing sound literature. To take a
stand as Baritz did, however, and say
he would tell nothing outside the S.
P. of C. and S. P. of G. B., literature, is
about as foolish a position to take up
as can well be Imagined. Does no good
thing come out of Kerr's?
If Cotton's Weekly ls causing confusion in the minds of the workers, as
seems to be hinted, lt should certainly be exposed in the Clarion, and if
other measures can be taken, I agree
they ought to be taken. It is quite a
debatable question, however, as to the
ownership of all papers by the party,
other parties have had lamentable experiences ln this connection.
The North West provinces, runs the
next complaint are full, in the main
of reformers. This is certainly rich
whose authority have we for this
sweeping statement, one or two infallible (?) wanderers from the Toronto fold, I guess O'Brien, Fulcher and
a few more of our organizers can reply to this, and try and convince the
llatitz bunch that there has been no
"criminal anxiety" on their part to
Torm locals of unworthy members.
When they state their case It will be
lime enough to see about censuring
the D. E. C. About the Maritime
Province, I seem to recollect both
Grlbble and Fillmore writing in praise
of the boys down there particularly
in Nova Scotia, and N. B. What says
Gribble in "The Call from the West"
but this. "There are Socialists true,
in New Brunswick too." Its up to those
boys to reply.
The next paragraph seems to be a
little confused. What do the Toronto
bunch mean by speaking of "unorganized local?" How can there be a local
unless it is organized? But aryway
these peculiar lqcals contain members
who never heard of the Clarion. That
Is certainly not gocd reading, and thc
D. E. C. should certainly address a
communication to such locals, and find
out the why aud wherefore, but at the
sume time seeii:g that the Toronto
local think the paper is not worthy of
support, they have no kick coming on
another local, who appaiently take the
same position.
Para. 5 complains that members of
reform parties have been allowed to
lecture under various uuspices; to this
the sume question applies as to "free
lances." In reference to the charge
that calls have been made on outside
organizations to nominate candidates,
1 can only recall one Instance, in Port
Arthur in the fall of 1908, and the D.
E. C. took action, I am aware that
trades unions have endorsed our candidates, why shouldn't they? And
how can we help them doing so?
Comrade O'Brien has already replied
to the charge that the M. P. P.'s vote
for reforms, by stating the fact that
there Is a commodity struggle, as well
as a class struggle, and If their constituents desire certain legislation
introduced, they are the logical recipients of such requests, they are the
working class candidates, and should
do these things if only to show the
stand the capitalist members take. Our
M. P. P's do at all times state that
these are but refoims of *foiy doubtful
value, and that Socialism Is the only
real hope of the workers, If they keep
this position they are not so far away.
If Jardlne and Brewster support our
members, In order to save their faceH,
neither we nor the M. P. P.'s can help
these things.
The S. P. of C. is not affiliated with
the International, and while some of
their utterances on the Asiatic question are open to question, they cannot
be charged with inconsistency. If the
Asiatic with hia low standard of living
could be excluded from the Pacific
Coast, and I know full well he never
will be, yet if it were possible to do
so, lt would lighten the burden of the
standard of living going so low as to
degrade them worse than they are today. Contrary to the Toronto belief,
that the more misery and degradation
that can be piled on the workers, will
bring about the revolution quicker, I
maintain that the more the workers
can get, the more they want. The better their standard of living, the more
intelligent they become, and readier
to take an interest ln their condition
as slaves in society.
There is nothing any more Inconsistent in Pettlplece's position as a revolutionist on the political field, and being a member of organized labor, than
In my own and many other's position;
we are Socialists because we aro desirous of overturning capitalism, and
members of an economic organization
to hold as good conditions lo slave under as possible, realizing that slavery
must exist as long as capitalism, and
that we are in a losing fight anyway
and we members of organized labor,
can and do point out this fact, and the
way out of the situation. That Gom-
pers etc. are in the same organization
cannot be helped, and "Farm," I guess,
will smile at such a childish charge,
I myself was not satisfied that Petti-
piece should head deputations in a
political capacity to Laurier, no Socialist should go begging for anything
to a capltalst minister, and the D. E. C.
or his local should have acted on the
case. So he has anti-Socialist friends?
So have I, bo have all of us, we are
sorry they are so, but we cannot help
Para II. Regarding Bird running on
another ticket requires action, and censure or expulsion on the offender, if
the charge ls true. To conclude, I
imagine we are all agreed as to the me.
cessity of a convention ,and I would
suggest that one be held as early as
funds will permit of it.
Now, Toronto local, who are behind
Baritz to a man, as the report goes, if
you are not, satisfied do as you threatened, and form your S. P. O. B., branch
in Toronto, no doubt we will be much
edified and enlightened in watching
your evolution to the S. P. of C. position again, for, try as you may, you
will never keep an organization perfect and one whose members are
wholly sound on their position in Society, your record will be one of charges and counter charges, and expulsions. You will be out of touch with
the wdrking class, and when the guiding hand of Baritz is withdrawn, you
will be as a ship without a rudder. I
have no more to say at present, but I
agree with .the editor, we are progressing as,best we can, and that we may
continue is the wish of a slave in revolt.
Great Falls, Mont. U. S. A., Dec.20„
By Ed. Moore
Editor Clarion,—In the Clarion of
December 24th appeared the following
"No. 1 Local desires to inform the
party membership that they repudiate
all public words and actions of Dr. W.
J. Curry, as he is no longer a member
of the party. Dominion Executive notified to acquaint all Locals with this
fact."    . '
Several questions here present themselves: lst, How could Local No. 1
expel me, when I was not a member
of Local No. 1? 2nd, By what authority does Local No. 1 violate the principles of the constitution and expel a
member without hearing his defence,
and without trial?
3rd. When did Local No. 1 become
the dictalor of the Dominion Executive and of "all Locals?"
The members of the Socialist party
claim to stand for fair play and the
abolition of tyranny, and they call one
another "comrade." Even ln the palmiest days of priestcraft the enemies of
the church were afforded a "hearing,'
and the most brutal police magistrate
of Vancouver would blush to pass sentence without hearing the defence of
his victim.
Local No. 1 has passed over cases
of drunken and disorderly conduct and
of insult and slander within tbe Local
with slight attention.
My offence is that, in my Victoria
address, I refused to offer the Incense
of flattery and dared to criticize the
tactics of the party. I also failed to
bow down to the little tin gods which
it set up for worship.
I should have "knocked" the Socialist movement of Europe and especially of Milwaukee and declared their
leaders at the best but Soclnllst "reformers" and not In the same rlnss as
the leaders of the S. P. C.
I must have sorely wounded their
pride when I Informed them that the
movement here was still enshrouded
ln Its swaddling clothes of theory and
creeds, whllo the movement of Europe
and Wisconsin were well advanced in
actual conflict with capitalist institutions.
These are, I believe, tho principal
charges which can be laid against me.
In conclusion, I wish to slate that a
housecleanlng amounting to a revolution will ere long take place within
Local No. 1 and others, and radical
changes In the tactics of the party will
be effected or else a new party representing the revolutionary forces ot
Canada and ln line with the International movement will soon make Its
All governments are kept up to take
care of property rights.
Before the landholders ln the colonies overthrew the government of the
British king, it took care of the property of the aristocracy, the class of
which King George waa the legal head.
All the agitation against the tax on
tea and the stamp taxes were excuses
to attack the legal right of the British aristocracy to take wealth from
the property owners ln the colonies.
Colonial property owners did not
want to be compelled to legally share
with the aristocratic class the wealth
they took from hired and slave-laborers. They wanted it all for themselves
and to keep it they went to war and
drove out the legally constituted of
the British aristocracy.
After pulling down the government
of the aristocrats, they established a
government of their own and ihey
took very good care to deny legal
rights to hired and slave-laborers to
own wealth produced by them while
working .for wages or as chattel slaves.
Business men would not stand for
the "divine right of kings" to make
them divide up the wealth they got
by using the king's government and
laws to take it from "the laboring
classes." It would be cheaper, the
colonial business m,en saw, to get rid
of the aristocrats and do the governmental work of robbing the wealth
producers themselves. Boiled down
and made plain, this is the high-
sounding Jeffersonian doctrine of an
"impartial government economically
Handicraft workers, farmers and
traders settled New England. Money-
hunting aristocrats and their piratical
and freebootlng followers settled the
South. In handicrafts, farming and
trading, bosses and working people
met on something like a level plane
of equality. Lords, captains of pirates
and chief, ains of freebooters are rais-
Sklll in lawyers'. tricks, capitalistic' ductive activity, the nature of which
lore, politicians" promises,, theologian's plans for man's salvation, nor
constructors of social paradises are
not needed to push on the class war
to take the government away from the
capitalists. No tricks will bring forth
material wealth. Every maker ' of
things knows this without the benefit
of the teachings of doctors of philosophy. Makers of things must break
the chains of wage slavery. As they
know how to legally take things without wasting time in endless discussions on the right of slave owners to
be pensioned by the slaves who have
freed themselves.
From the farms, workshops, forests,
mines, trains and ships must come the
people who will answer Marx's call,
"Workers of the world, unite. You
have nothing to lose but your chains;
you have a world to gain," and use tbe
government to abolish classes by compelling everyone to do productive
work.—International Socialist Review.
In a little city in Manitoba, not far
from Brandon, there has been some
interesting developments lately.
In that city there Is a corporation
organized for the purpose of making
profit. Some people think that they
are organized to sell electric light,
power and steam heat to the citizens.
Duffers, aren't they? Years of experience should have taught the workers that this company is not organized
to give people light. They refuBe to
extend any pole line until enough consumers of light are assured to make
the extension immediately pay for itself. When citizens rise up in their
wrath at the unjust (dope) treatment
they receive, they go to the city council, a body organized to look after the
interests of the majority (more guff),
and they tell them that nothing can
bo done.
However, if a certain candidate gets
elected, and money can be raised, and
ed above those they command. There- [power obtained from government, and
fore in the North there were friendly I enough power can be got from    the
The Comrades of the Okanagan are
making a determined effort to build up
a solid organization. We are putting
up the coin and lt cotneB hard. If any
Comrade or Comrades can help us lt
will be appreciated. Donations of
money or literature—the right sort—
are wantod. We could do with 100
Clarions a week for the next throe
months. They will bo used and will
help get subB. Send tho coin on to
the Clarion for a bundle for Okanagan
nnd we will do tho rest. All donations
to Com. Glldermeester, DlBtrlct Secretary, Mara. B. Ci
neighbors; in the South, vain and
courteous "leaders of society" and
meek servitors to arrogant masters.
Land owning and laws to compel
laborers lo produce crops on land is
the ground on which aristocracy rests.
Markets for the goods made by those
they hire for wages are absolutely
necessary for manufacturers, free
bankers and merchants.
Slave owners buy what they feed
and clothe their slaves with in the
markets where such goods are the
cheapest. England bought cotton
from the Southern slave owners, and
she sold them goods much cheaper
than the New England manufacturers
and merchants could.
Fighting to get control of the government, the Northern manufacturers
and merchants used humanity as a
plea to get votes to take the whip
hand over the slave owners. State
and property rights were the slogans
the slave owners used to get votes to
help them to keep their hold on the
national government.
These conflicting interests met in
the claBh of battle in the Civil War
and the wage masters defeated the
slave masters. But those whose labor
makes all the wealth still remain legal
slaves compelled to sell themselves
for wages to the Captains of Industry
and Kings of Finance-
While there ls a class that can legally force another class to labor to
support It, no government can represent all the people. A government
carried on by klndhearted men for
for those who live off of incomes may
make it less disagreeable for the forced laborers, but it will not move in
the direction of compelling the legally
favored cluss to work to keep itself.
Anything that keeps slaves satis-
fled with their slavery Is a good
thing for their masters. It prolongs
their rule. Therefore reforms In government cannot bring about a revolution which will end the legal power
of the capitalist class to force the
working clasB to keep It.
Government does not make any of
the things that give comforts and
luxuries to the rich and the necessities of life to the working class.
Capitalists use the force of organized
society—the government—to make the
working class bear all the burden of
feeding, clothing, houseing, transporting and Informing all the people. It
Is, therefore, of the greatest importance for the working claaa to take the
power of organized aoclety away from
the capitalist class and put an end to
the robbing of the productive workers.
river, and the people will buy the
light, we will get all the light we want
for one fourth of the cost—perhaps.
Things have been very interesting
lately—the company in question uses
a great deal of city water, and it has
a meter on the service and pays the
manufacturers' rate of 12 1-2 cents per
thousand gallons, while householders
ay 40 cents per thousand gallons. Not
satisfied with this cheap rate, the company had the main tapped below the
meter. An employee was ftred and he
split and lt all came out. The manager said he knew nothing about it,
another proof of the need of directing
ability. The company were not prosecuted—they are leading citizens, you
know; one member is a judge, another
a senator, and so on, but they were allowed to pay a water bill of $13,725.
Needless to say, the local newspapers
never breathed a word about it—one
would never know about it from them.
A few weeks previously a poor foreigner working on the city borrowed
half a bag of cement. He got four
months in gaol. Great, indeed, ia justice. How marvellous are the workings of the law. PERICLES.
Many Socialists who howl about the
Ignorance of the working class" are
in urgent need ot study themselves.
Very few men who study at all proclaim themselves an "Individualist"
today.   The doctrine la out of date.
Marxian economics haa more to fear
from some of ita bum exponents than
from its enemies.
"Capitalism, produces Us own grave-
diggers." Sure, as lt develops they
use steam shovel methods of excavation.
With the various old political fakers
loudly proclaiming undying allegiance to our country "It would seem
us If the profession of patriot 1b becoming somewhat overcrowded."
The man or woman who expects to
find Institutions without a class bias
In society to-day is doomed to disappointment.
Trade Marks
Copvbiohts Ac.
Anyone tendlnf A ekel rh mid dpicrtptlon may
untruly Mi-«rtfitn onr opinion free whether an
Invention to proDebly vniemiinio. uonnnnloe,
ll.iimirlrlly rinifldmillnl. HANDBOOK on rntrnte
Boot free. Oldest Btfoncy foriocurliigratenli.
''nteiite teken through Munn & Co. r-oelye
-prrtal notice, without one-go, la the
Scientific flttiericati
A. lirim-wiT.irly illnntnitM w«kly. UrRdt ctr-
ctiimion t,t any wUuntltlq J"Uiii_l. T«ni-f for
i-ii. SXITi a jfur, iNj-Aaif'* prt-pnid.    Kola by
" Ahsrs.
-11 ii*?-*
N 8 Co.,B'B,•>-',"•, *!ew York
■' nr. !■_■ v.±a****..*.u*. -.AjJ--
Capltal, (continued).
Section 2.—The twofold character
of the labor embodied ln commodities.
At first sight a commodity presented
Itself to us as a complex of two things
—use—value and exchange value.
Later on, we saw also that labor, too,
posseses the same two-fold nature;
for, so far as It finds expression In
value, It does not possess Ihe same
characteristics that belong to It as a
creator of use-values.
I was the first to point out and to
examine critically this two-fold nature
of the labor contained in commodities.
As this point is the pivot on which
a clear comprehension of political
economy turns, we must go more Into
Let us take two commodities such
as a coat and 10 yards of linen, and
let tho former be double the value of
the later, so that, If 10 yards of linen
—W, tho coat—2\V.
The coat Is a use-value that satisfies a particular want. Its exist enre
la. the reau^^^w^«''t^ ^,
is determined by its aim, mode of operation, subject, means, and result
The labor, whose utility is thus represented by the value in use of Its product a use-value, we call useful labor.
In this connection we consider only
Its useful effect.
As the coat and the linen are two
qualitatively different use-values, ao
also are the'two forms ot labor that
produce them, tailoring and weaving.
Were these two objects not qualitative,
ly different, not produced respectively
by labor of different quality, they
could not stand to each other ln the
relation of commodities.
Coats are not exchanged for coats,
one use-value Is not exchanged for another of the same kind.
To all, the different varieties of values in use there correspond as many
different kinds of useful labor, classified according to tbe order, genus,
species, and variety to which they belong ln the social- division of labor.
This division of labor Is a necessary
condition for the production of commodities, but it does not follow conversely, that the production of commodities is a necessary condition for
the division of labor. In the primitive
Indian community there is a social division of labor, without production of
commodities, or, to take an example
nearer home, ln every factory the la-
bor Is divided according to a system,
but this division is not brought about
by the operatives mutually exchanging
their individual products, only such
products can become commodities
with regard to each other, as result
from different kinds ot labor, each
kind being carried on independently
and for the account of private individuals.
(Continued next week.)
Discussion on Extract from "Capital," December 17th.
If we take aa an example, a factory
where hats are made, and consider
for the time, that all the labor necessary to produce hats, has been employed in this factory, we will see
what is meant by average expenditure of labor-power.
We do not find that one man produces exactly the same amount in the
same time spent as another; one man
is more active than another, and in
our factory it is hardly likely that the
result of each man's labor would be
the same.
*But we do not consider commodities each as the result of independent
labor; each commodity represents, on
the market, a given proportion ot necessary labor, and containing an average amount of labor, simple abstract
human labor, as we have already
seen, with the average degree of skill
in the conditions prevailing.
There is no way of taking individual
commodtles and making one to be
equal to another.
We find commodities exchanging for
each other on a parity and we are also finding why It ls so. They are
merely masses of an abstract entity,
social labor time, and if the labor embodied ln two commodities is equal,
then the commodities are equal values.
If social conditions from age to age
remained the same, and that there
were no Inventors with new and Improved devices, then values would remain constant from age to age, and
com mod it ies would exchange always
In the same ratio, because the necessary social labor time would be always the same.
The difficulties attending production
in certain physical conditions, make
production a process entailing more
time than is required where these difficulties have not to be met.
For Instance ln the production of
wheat where the soil Is less fertile
than elsewhere, more time is required.
Value, then grows greater as the
lahor time required grows greater and
smaller, as the labor time required
grows smaller.
Class meets 3; 30 p. m. Sunday, lst.
January, 1911, at 2237 Westminster
Mathematics class, 2 p. in.
Sec. Press Committee.
Let everybody do as these comrades,
and deficits will ho unknown In 1911:
T. B. Legge, Brandon, Man  6
C. Lestor, Reglna, Sask  6
A. W. Baker, Brantford, Onl   4
G. A. Faulkner, Blondhelm, Alta   3
E. A. Tonkin, Dewberry, Alta  3
D. Galloway, Vancouver  3
Gordon Brown, Victoria   2
P. Garvle, Vancouver '.  2
O. Rayner, Vancouver  2
Local Ymlr, B. O.J  Robt. E. Scott,
Manchester, Eng.; F. W. Spencer, Olds,
Alta.;   F.  D.  Riley,  Lea Park,  Alta.;
A. Gntnlck. Macl^od, Alta.; John Gallagher, North Pender, B, C.l J. H.
Lethbrldge, Alia.; L. K. Drake, Bollc-
vue, Alta.; Tom Machin, Calgary,
Alta.; H. N. MacDonald, Toronto, Ont.;
Geo. F. Stirling, Salmon Arm, B. C;
Mat. Stafford, South Wellington, B. O.j
"Bugs," South Wellington; Unpatriotic
Irishman, Revelstoke, B. C; F. Allan,
North Vancouver; Desmond, Malakwa,
B. Ci It. B. Robinson, Hastings, B. C;
Nat. Lambert, II. McDonald, T. W.
Scribblns,  John  Johnson,  Vancouver.
Maintenance Fund.
(By Wilfred Gribble.)
It is customary to speak of the
two factors in production as capital
and labor. People speak of capital
as though it were something tangible
real and indispenslble, and condemn
Socialists because they are opposed to
capital. What is capital? No one
has ever seen lt. No one has any in
his pocket or can even -get his finger
on a bit of it. We Socialists deny
the very existence of such a thing as
capital. Capital is a condition, not
a thing.
Production does not take capital
and labor, it only takes labor. Money
is not capital. A dollar is a bit of
silver. First a rough piece of ore dug
out of the earth by a man using a
pick and shovel." Taken to .a stamp
mill on a donkeys back. Crushed by
a man with a club or by a development of tbe same thing, a stamp mill.
Treated, sifted, melted, run into plate
shape. All these processes are
manifestations of labor. A dollar, then,
is a counter representing so much
labor. So much labor if put into it
that it will be exchanged for an equal
amount of other labor. All capital is
the same. Capitalism is that state of
society under which the means of life
are in the hands of a few and used
hy them to keep the others in subjection. There are two factors in production. The passive and active. The
passive factor is the factory, the machine, the building to house it and
the land the building stands on. The
Active factor is the labor to run and
guide the machine. Labor ls the Intelligent manipulation of existing matter.
When we say social production we
mean that production of anything ln
which all people at least, all the
workers in a country have had their
share. All production ln a civilized
country Is social production. Individual production was possible only in
It very primitive state of the human
race. Here are two articles made of
wood, a match and a table. The table
costs more, because more labor went
Into its production. All the arts,
crafts and professions in the world
have gone into the making of each of
these articles. There are as many
arts, crafts, sciences and professions
used in the making of the match as
In an Atlantic liner. I say as many,
sot as much. This is social production.
All the arts, crafts and professions of
civilization have gone into the making
of this 'table; let me prove it. This
fable was orignally a fine tree out in
*3. C. It might have been in Maine,
Ontario, or Brazil, it makes no difference. One day two sawyers and an
axman went to fell it. They worked |
half a day or so getting it down and
trimming it, then they went away.
But they did not egt it down unaided.
They used their saws and axes. They
wore clothes and had been fed. Be-
■, fore they had axes, men mined iron
ore on the shores of lake Superior;
ore boats had caried the ore to Cleveland. Thousands of men there had a
share in fashioning the iron. The
science of surveying and assaying were
used before the first pick had been
stuck into the ore. Besseraer's
knowledge and process were employed
to turn the iron into steel. All the
knowledge of chemistry and physics
entered. Carnegie's organization played its part in making an axe as quickly and well as possible. Finally the
railroads brought the axe to the men.
Their clothing came from the cotton
fields ot Georgia, or from the sheep's
backs in England. In making their
shirts and overalls, all arts, sciences
and crafts played their parts again.
Their food was the same. From the
potato patches of Ontario, the wheal
fields of Alberta, the gardens of
Oylmer, the paaturea of Prince Edward Island and the plantations of
India, the whole world contributed to
their breakfasts.
The only way these men could have
felled this tree unaided ls for them
dressed in bear skins and bark to
gnaw lt with their teeth and tear it
with their -nails.
After the axemen and sawyers are
gone, the trail cutters and swampers
come. They clear the brush around
It and cut a path from the tree out
to the trail. They too, have been fed,
wear clothes and use axes. The teamster comes and snakes the logs out to
the pile. He uses horses, chains,
hooks and tongs. His horses wear
harness and his whiffle trees come
from Indiana or Michigan. Each man
in turn is using the product of the
civilized world, in doing his small
Rollers pile the logs on the bank
of the lake and in the winter roll
them off on the ice. Here the logs
are worth more because more labor
has gone into their production. If
nothing more is done, these logs might
as well have been left standing.
The ice melts next spring, the logs
start down the river to the mill. Drivers keep them moving, guide them
over shallows and rapids, and finally
steer them into the pond by the mill.
The logs are drawn up an Inclined
plane into the mill. The saws, edgers,
tall saws and all the rest do their little hit to make this tree Into lumber.
The railroad conveys the lumber to
the  furniture shop to be made into
a table. At one stage, all the workers of the world have had their share.
No one operation was performed by
one man alone. The whole world has
helped him.
The   entire   process    is   a   succes
sion  of intelligent  movementa.    The
tree was moved from a vertical posi
tion to a horizontal one.    The limbs
were removed.   The bush was moved
to leave a clear space.   The teamster
moved lt to the pile.  The rollers moved it on the Ice.  The drivers moved
it to the mill.  The saws removed the
slabs  and   by  moving   a  saw  made
boards,  while  machinery  moved  the
boards to tbe sheds.   The boards are
more valuable than the standing tree
because more labor has been used ln
its production.    That' is it has been
moved, so it is in a better position
and  in   a   more  available  condition.
Capital has played mo part; only labor.
The workman in the shop moves his
saw back and forth through the wood,
and   then   moves   the   pieces  to   his
bench.   He smoothes it by moving a
plane over its surface. He removes particles from the large pieces on a lathe
and makes the legs.   Finally moves all
the pieces where he wants them and
sets up the  table.   He  is  commonly
said to make the table, but he only
performs one smallp art, and all the
workera of the world help him, and
all the sciences and professions play
their parts, too.   After the workman
has finished the railways  and  draymen move the table to some, man's
house where consumption begins.
This is social production. Every little
article in our houses go* through
a similar process. Every worker in
the world helps to make everything ln
the world. No one man makes anything.
Capital does not produce anything
but trouble and the workers have all
of that. After thousands of years of
labor the laborers have just what
they started with, enough food to sustain life.
The owners have always been the
enjoyers. They are now and they only
can enjoy themselves. To enjoy their
life the workers must own the means
of life.
Brains are not capital. The man
who uses his brain in production is
a member of the working class as
much aa a man who uses a pick or a
shovel, which alao takes brains. Bes-
semer's brain work counted for as
much in producing that table as the
axeman's handwork. Capital is a condition of ownership of the machinery
of production and not a part of labor.
Labor ls nothing but intelligent
manipulation of existing matter and
this ls the whole principle of production.
Before labor can ever enjoy the
world be must own the machine that
Last Sunday a Brandon audience
was Inflicted with a different brand of
the common superstition, that is,
religion. The subject "announced was:
"Why does God allow all the misery
and suffering to exist when he could
stop It in a moment." '
Such an alluring subject could not
be left alone by Brandon local, and as
our Economic class Is held Sunday
afternoons we were not long ln deciding to tackle the dope dispenser.
Away we went ln a body, seventeen
of us. Seventeen revolutionists listening to the miserable drivel of a superstition monger, wouldn't that jar
you? The speaker was from Brooklyn, and he had a nasal twang like
a cross between a foghorn and the
last gurgle of a bath tub. After listen,
ing for awhile we got accustomed to
his voice and, with difficulty, made out
what he said.
He did not touch on the subject
but explained his religion^ it was fear
ful drivel and but for his voice we
would have slept. After two hours he
stopped and called for questions.
facturing, managed to manufacture
the French Revolution, which, to use
Mr. Chamberlain's words, caused a
sweeping change;-and losses and in-
Jury to the fortunes of some individuals, including a slight operation performed on the necks of the feudal
lords, whose only wrong doing, from
the capitalist point of view was, that
they stood in the road of king capital
to make more profits. How the devils
in hell must have laughed at the sight
of seeing slaves, who had really no interest in the struggle between landlords and moneylords, helping to dispatch the former in order that the latter might so much the better be able
to fasten themselves like so many
leeches on the backs of the working
And now it is coming to pass in the
last act to be played in England between landlords and moneylords, that
the landlords really must go. The
slight operation performed on the
necks of the French landlords during
the last days of Feudalism in that
country, need not be repeated of
course in England. So many landlords     have     become     moneylords
Immediately up jumped Comrade J through engaging in trade and com-
Legge and asked "Do you accept evo- merce, and so many moneylords have
lution?"As Comrade Legge is of a I become land owners through purchase
somewhat timid and retiring nature I of estates, that "our" interests have
he failed to make his question heard ; really become more or less identical
by the speaker, however, someone else
handed it on, and the speaker shuffled
and said it was not in the bible so he
could not accept it. I then took two
or three shots at him but he refused,
point blank to answer and asked if
anybody else had a question to ask.
Comrade France then jumped up with:
"In your address you said that "God
made principle," now is it not environment, and social life that determines men's consciousness and consequently their principle?"
The speaker made no attempt at an
answer but said: "The hour Is somewhat late I think we Had better rise
in prayer."* Prayer Is evidently better
than valor.
I disposed of some Clarions and
some "Socialism and Religion" and
that ended our little attempt at advertising the party at the expense of
the preacher.
Yours in the Scrap
The worker has no kick on the
amount of his wages. The wage represents the value of his commodity.
Where his kick does come in is in regard to his slave position.
Owing to the absence of our expert
in cuniform inscriptions, several manuscripts which have come in lately are
still unread.
The Moral Reformer is like a man
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ that stands under a shower bath with
he guides in moving this matter, and'.a bum umbrella,
the machine muat be run for the good
of the whole and not for the profit of
a few.
When they own the mines they will
dig coal, because they need it, and
not merely to earn a living. When
they own the railway they cam move
this coal where it is needed.
We do not know the details of tbe
future Socialistic state. We are wiser
than our fathers and those who come
after us will be wiser than we are.
They will work out their own salvation better than we can, but this we
know, they will enjoy life because
they own the means of life.
The workers have always been
slaves, and in future the working
class will own slaves, but the slaves
wil be the machines.
If we, the workers, owned the machines, work would be a pleasure. If
all men were engaged in productive
work, brain work, or hand work, with
these machines, one-third the present
amount of work would let ub live better than we live now. If al the banks,
real estate, many traveling salesmen,
soldiers and navy sailors, naval yard
employees, and the other non-producers, as well as the Idle capitalistic
class, were engaged in real work, this
world would be paradise.—News
Telegram, (Calgary).
Gerald Desmond is now on the road
organizing in Silver Creek and Salmon
Arm. We Intend keeping him busy
for at least three months, provided
you all will help with the Blnews of
war. So far we have $67.00 per month
pledged, but this will hardly cover expenses. So the great majority of comrades who have not as yet responded
by pledging a certain- amount (be it
ever so small), are urgently requested
to at once wake up and send ln their
pledges to the district secretary.
What ls the matter with Kelowna,
Naramata, Peacbland and other places
in the Okanagan? Surely you all realize that three months' solid work is
more telling work than your spasmodic
efforts at election time. Those having
already promised support, please send
in the flrat instalment.
District Secretary Okanagan,
Mara, B. C.
(Continued from Page 1)
be secured. Ponder over Mr. Chamberlains suggestions, said Llyod George,
(all of which I am not quoting) and
you cannot but realize the magnitude
of the work which has already been
accomplished by Mr. Chamberlain's
dramatic move. His raging and tearing propaganda will tear up a good
deal more than its advocates ever
dreamt of when they started it. I
never quite realized the poignancy of
poverty until I came to administer
the old age pension act. I found then
what an appalling mass of respectable,
independent, proud poverty existed
amongst us." So says Lloyd George
and Mr. Chamberlain.
Now it seems to me that these two
gentlemen are talking a lot of nonsense. Why don't they subscribe to
the Guide and get wise. The Guide
of October 5th tells us quite plainly
that England is prosperous. So there
you are, where are you?
Re Mr. Chamberlain's remark—
"That the fact of such a sweeping
change involving losses and Injury to
the fortunes of individuals ought to be
no barrier to ita Immediate adoption,"
etc., ls quite characteristic from a
member of the Capitalist class. That,
in fact has always been the attitude
of tbat class ever since they got a
foothold. Thus it came to pass in the
days of Feudalism when trade and
commerce, the particular occupation
of the capitalist class, was spreading
East and West, that the Capitalist
cast longing eyes to the healthy serfs
of the Feudal landlords, and If these
selfsame landlords could only be got
rid of, then these selfsame serfs could
be got into the factories, mines and
mills to produce wealth for the Capitalist and hell on earth for themselves,
which, by the way, they have done
ever since capitalism was put on the ish market, the trouble
throne.   And so it came to pass that their surplus produce there any longer.
the capitalist class, good   at   manu- They (the Danish farmers)    can   go
don't you know. If ways and means
can now be found for a paternal capitalist government to pay us for "our"
lands, then Mr. Lloyd George's scheme
can be proceeded with. Anyway the
plutes need the land for their wage
As to Mr. Lloyd George's reform
plans, they can be foretold quite easily. The capitalist class is master of
the situation, and Georgie has to cater
to their requirements. The manufacturers of Belgium are enjoying a
state of affairs which if carried out
in England will help things out considerably no doubt. Government ownership of railroads in Belgium means
tow freight rates for the manufacturers and cheap fares for the working
classes, a great number of whom are
enjoying (?) the possession of a piece
of ground. It may only be rented or
bought with borrowed money, which
means rent or interest to pay, but it
enables wife and family to root part
of a living from the soil, while hubby
dear hikes off to factory, mine, or
mill during the day. He may have to
wallt 3 or 4 miles or more in the morning to get to the station, he may have
to travel 30 miles or more to get to
his place of work, he may have to
work 10 hours or more per day in
mine or mill or factory and travel
back the same distance at night, he
may, thanks to up-to-date machinery,
produce wealth for the master class,
but he and his, do exist here on earth
anyway whether they know it or not,
and seeing that, thanks to the activity
of mother dear and the kids, the proletarian in Belgium with his small
plot of land can exist on a smaller
wage than his brethren (don't let us
forget we are all brethren) In town,
he incldently helps to keep their
wages down. Moreover, close organization under such conditions is very
difficult. What more can the master
class want?
Now the Bmall holdings act and cooperative banks, and presently government ownership of railroads, will enable Lloyd George, and his ilk to bring
about similar conditions in England.
Belgium with a population of over 600
to the square mile produces more than
enough food stuffs for her population,
thanks to the activity of mother dear
and the kids as already mentioned,
while England with a population of between 3 and 4 hundred per square
mile imports millions of dollars worth
of grub that can be produced at home
as soon as Georgie gels his scheme
going. At present, farm produce is
laid down in the London market
quicker and cheaper from Paris across
the English channel than from Bedford which 18 only 50 milea from London.
Lloyd George will alter all this.
Government ownership of railroads,
construction of some light railroads to
carry the rural workers and their produce to the centers of industries may
in due time be looked for. It will scatter thousands upon thousands of workers all over the country, scratching or
trying to scratch a living, or part of a
living, from the soil, and partly in
factory, mine or mill. It will lower
the wages of the workers, it will help
to create a better home market for a
time, it will temporarily enable the
plutes to meet the on-coming and ever
stronger on-coming competition of
Japan and China, lt will save the farmers of Denmark with their fine co-operative system of supplying the Brit-
of   sending
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Lauor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
meana of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
tbe capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The interest of tbe working class lies in the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tho wage
system, under which ls cloaked the robbery of the working class at tbe
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the trausforma-
tton of capitalist property in tbe means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.' This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under tbe banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) Into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
Tbe Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests
of tbe working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if lt will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to It
In accordance with this principle tbe Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
choke themselves with their
own sur-1 and sold since the Civil War has al- i
plus. Co-operation; under capitalism? ways been paid for by exports of
What a fine phrase to catch suckers farm produce. That the raising of
-'"-    -—---■  — grain  is  closely  bound  up   with  the
price of meats, and that the people
of the States must have beef, as they
cannot work on boiled cabbage and
bread. That If the factory and shop
are to sell abroad to square accounts
without  a  farm   surplus,   they  must
with. What applies to Denmark also
applies to Holland, Belgium, France,
Australia, Argentine and Uncle Sam.
In fact Uncle Sam will ere long have
to start a scheme of "back to the land"
of his own.
A few months ago, according to the
New York Times, a meeting took place j produce cheap enough to compete with J
in  the New  York  Produce  Exchange I foreign shops and factories.    In other']
which was attended by men like Mr.
W. C. Brown, president of the New
York Central Railroad, Mr. Ring, president of the Produce Exchange, .Mr.
Cable, assistant secretary of the Department of l^abor, Mr. Wilson, secretary of Agriculture, Congressman Ben-
net of New York elc. These men one
and all declared that they saw a condition of affairs in the States, which
made them uneasy. President Brown
of the New York Central said that by
1913 the United States would not be
able to export a bushel of wheal, oats,
rye or barley, unless consumption decreased or production Increaaed, and
the outlook for IncreaBe was not very
promising. That there are 16,000
square miles of abandoned farm lands
in New England, New York and the
South-east and Central Middle States,
and ten million acres of abandoned
farm lands ln the United States altogether.
Congressman Bennet said that the
railroads on account of strikes brought
about by the high cost of living, had
increased wages of employe's by
$100,000,000 and that there was no
way of getting it back. That when
the export trade failed the railroads
would have nothing to carry ln the
shape of surplus farm produce, which
was now the mainstay of the transportation Industry. That If the present
trend of production and consumption
could not be changed, "turmoil, riot
and bloodshed" was inevitable.
Secretary Wilson of the Department
of Agriculture said that the United
States cannot aflord to buy food from
foreign countries, for the balance of
trade against them for goods bought
words, wages must come down, while
the price of living goes up. That
when that day comes "We shall have
new subjects to talk about unheard of
before in the land."
All of which    only   confirms    that
Uncle Sam must start a "back to the ,
land" campaign somehow   or   other, ;l
just like England.   As to the farmers
of Canada, they will And out in due
time, good and plenty, where they are
going   to be off at.   Yes, Chamberlain "
is right, there will be a complete revolution  in  the  commercial  system alright.   Let it come soon by all means.  .
Meantime, Lloyd George and hia Ilk \
are preparing to fasten themselves on
the backs of labor a little longer and
a wee little more securely.
How long, how long, O Lords, bo-
fore my brethren, the two legged,
short eared, voting mules can see
through the whole skin-'em-to-a-flnish
Farmers, if you want a paper that
will teach you Economics subscribe
to the Western Clarion, a weekly pap-
er.only   $1.00 per year.
Yours in the Scrap
Bring your dull razors to
Clarendon Pool Room, opposite
car boras
Weitmin-ler Avenue
Vancouver, B.C.
There may be some slight difference
of opinion as to how the farmer ia
soaked," but no one who know* him
doubts tbat the hayseed works long
hours and gets very little.
Propaganda Meeting
Empress Theatre
Sunday, Jan. t\
(J If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone yonr address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate of cost of
installing the gae pipes,
Vancouver Sas Company,


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items