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Western Clarion Oct 24, 1913

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Array .1
CLARION
Pnbltahsrtjatht
interna* «f tfat
Working  Claw
^rMliKB 731
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 24,1913
Subscription Price
PER YEAR
sioo
■m
JOIN THE MILITIA, YOU MUTT!
The Career of a Soldier Will Give You the Opportunity
to Serv "Your" Country in This Manner
m-uorts continue tp come lit from
„„. Transvaal deecrtblni the Appalling
„,,.„,.„ which mam wltiineead at tha
mc 0( me outbreak of tho strike. Is
1,1, re|H>rt, Comrada Charles Mustered,
^respondent to tat Federation of
Tn,d, nitons, gives » »»•«■ of the killed
all(l wounded,  wbleb speaks for the
truK'dy    *b,cn    WM   •n*«W,d-      ¥>Tom
|hli us) we take tha following cases
„l »0men end chlidren being shot;
, iiuaiM'th Sptaola, age SO; mar
Ill() i/ttby sii months old; shot In tbe
The Farmer and His Problems
"HEADS, I WIN; TAILS, YOU LOSE"
By W. Lewis.
us< k of knee. Waa out ■hopping Saturday afternoon and saw a man shot
«„.. inuked like her husband; sb«
Ht«nii>ied to croaa Ike street to tee
«h» i< waa aad waa at once shot.
8b« was taken to tha hoaplui where
■> K-malned five days; returned
bomr *lth bullet sUll in her knee;
crippled for Ufa,
I.   Mrs Smlt, injured by motor car.
3   Andrew Elliott. If; shot on Sal
urdai. lived till Tueaday.   Father In
qqtred at boapltal aad mortuary for
hi* son but without toccata; waa sev
.-ml time* refused admittance to the
wan) where hit ton lay, aa It was
.!.t(t-(i tbat the name waa unknown.
li was not until th* Monday afternoon
that in*  waa allowed  Into the ward,
when lit- at once Identified  bla son.
who was. huwerer. unconscious.
4. Mr*. Webb, ridden down by
mounted police In company with her
bu'hand on the Market Square. Moth
badly Injured,
t. John Cbarlea Banaon. aged IS,
»hot and killed.
E 1'i.nldy Wood, aged >*, ahot In
th* abdomen and killed.
M<>n«» Duamor*. IS; lad was
earning money to aaatat bit family by
telling -Strike Heralds'- bis father
had been out of work for some time—
had K'M 150 copies when He was shot
tbronxh the chest. Acute hemorrhage
art |s Life despaired of at first; now
rwwvsrtag,
» Stephen du Prey. 14. fatherless
and helping mother to support several
fptinaer children; tbot through ankle
on his *«y to caah a postal order for
hi* mother. Foot will have to be
amputated.    Moat of the wounds are
;-">'U;
rtnagtne. It Is now declared tbat by
an Invention which has been fully
tested, and round both technically
practicable and commercially auccess-
ful, all shots may be Bred by electricity and thl* treat source of danger
entirely removed. If this method is
technically possible the government
ought to universally enforce the adoption of aame, ev.m though it may be
more costly. Hut the matter of coats
would not enter Into the. matter at
ill, for one must not forget that tbe
total dividend* |>ald or declared during the year 1912 amounted to
t; 11.340,000 sterling, most of which, If
not all. was sent out of the country.—
Int. Secretariat.
ELECTION DAY.
When election day comes round
What curious tights we tee:
The matters cast a pleasant smile
To the workers up a tree.
They tell the workers to be good
And follow In their light:
"We are the world's redeemers,
And what we aay la right."
They aay "Without a maater
To rob you of your toll
You could not run tbe factory,
You could not till the toll.
They march round tn a circle
And they shout with all their might:
Worker**   Just give us your vote!
We're right because we're right!"
GEO. WALTON.
The    industrial    development
Canada   begins   at   a   period
economic   development   hat   de:
atrated that the day of tbe small
talfst Is over.   We have but few
Idlan    capitalists    capable    or    rich
enough to battle against tbe worlifa
financiers, so that tbe workers of talk
country' become the prey of a purely
international   capitalism,   that
sents the activity of the world's
scientific fleecers of the working
The price of Canadian wheat it *
rained on the Liverpool market, Canadian stocka are governed by New T<
and   European  conditions,  while
question of paving tome back street
Winnipeg or Vancouver It d>
by financial conditions abroad
All of which goes to demonstrate
tbat the people of Canada have, aa
little to do with the economic develop*
ment of this country aa a cart bona
hat to do with determining Ita dsilf
duties.
Obviously the peculiar economic)
conditions prevailing have bad an In*
fluence upon political affairs. Whilt
we tee Socialists In Great Britain
struggling to obtain so-called munlch
pal reforms, we in this country tot
those self-tame reforms vohintarllf
initiated by a section of the capitalist
class. The economic interpretation of
the progressive character of weatarn
municipalities ia tbe activity of landowner* striving to increase tbe valua
of their holdings by offering every
possible inducement to manufacture**
and worker* to aettle upon their land.
The provision of a cheap public ser*
vice it not disadvantageous to capitalist*, aa it enables them to produce
cheaply, and their workers to lira
j cheaply.   Economists are' apt to laud
Csar Bowser of B. C. says there is
no probability of a provincial elec
tion In the near future. That may or
may not be true.   It la not necessarily
true because he says it, but economic	
conditions point to the probability or j the civic pride of the west," aad vtot-
Ita being true, for no capitalist govern- tors congratulate us upon our "high
ment will go before tbe electorate In I conception of the functions of mual-
the midtt of a panic tuch at we btve'eipal government.'' In such a vast
BO* If they can help It. For that reason! area as Western Canada, where nat-
thc Dominion election 1s likely to be put! ural conditions are well distributed,
off aa far a* possible. On tbe other lit become* necessary to offer special
band, there Is a sucker born every, Inducement* to manufacturers to lo-
minute, and none know It oetter than cate upon some given area. Those In*
politicians of the Bowser and Borden-j ducements form the sordid basis upon
Laurier strliie. If there waa an elec- which la built the "civic pride of oar
  ^—, „ jtlon In Vancouver next week, Bow»er citizens," snd the profits of our landed owing to tha soldiers using g,,ows be would be returned. j ownert.   With the development of
old ammunition.   active  capitalist   cists  the  apparent
9   reel!  Morkal. 15;  going to fit*     j{ ^ t».c ft,«s»Hna. t0 issue -he vol- hsrmnnv between manufacturers and)
hi* sister,  saw tome people running j an)ea ,,, ,j,p clarion for 1912 and 1913 landowners disappears. The continued'
and r«n  loo;   fell  with  shot In  leg;  «* ofu. binding.    Locals who wleh to agitation for the single tax represents
itv,T.-»ing. 1 possess a copy are requested to send the efforts of the capitalist clasa to!
to   W. B. Bholta. ID:  happened tojiD ,hf,lr or(|<.rt. with or without caah, ease Itself of the burden of taxation
be passing and was shot, ran a abort, |„ ora>r %n give ua an idea of the    ' • *w-*- »—-— MM*a.
distance aad fell.    Whilst down wss .quantity it will be safe to order.   Cop-
htt again, receiving two bullets In leits. i (•>« of the following numbers are rail,   fnas. Williams Beddy. 19; *»« quired to make up the bound volumes.
bit In tbe lea Saturday while passing; A „u months sub. will be given for
the scene of tbe shooting.    His leg „,,,,, ^py in good condition sent In
lowering rants, will enable them to
serve their masters at a lower wage.
The demands of State Socialists
find little enthusiasm or Justification
in Canadian politics, and tbe appeals
of reformers receive, scant attention.
In Europe State Socialism la making
headway, not because reformers have
demonstrated ita advantage from a
working clasa point of view, hut because lt provides a haven of refuge
to the small capitalists. They realise
tbat with the limitation of world markets Isrge capitalist concents must
once more return home to order to
reinvest their surplus profits, and aa
a result will sweep within their control tbe sources from which smaller
capitalists   receive   their   dividends.
•tats Social ism Is the Last Stand
of the middle class.    Driven to retirement from tbe Industrial field, their
power ts waning, and in their desire
to retain  some grasp  upon surplus
values, they accept tbe security   of
government bonds, a sadly diminished
Income to that of their better days,
hat aa Income guaranteed by all the
nowers of the state, and as yet secure
from attack of either monopolist or
Socialist.   In short, state ownership,
once the hope of a section of the
Socialist movement, has become the
accepted medium  most   ln  harmony
with the economic position of a section of the capitalist clsss, through
which they can continue tbe exploitation of the workers,   ln Canada the
Bute Socialist ts a rare specimen: the
small capitalist clsss is financially Insignificant, and the. cry for State Socialism is not heard.
In regard to reforms directly associated with tbe life of the working
class, politicians are silent Capitalists realise tbet their most valuable
asset Is a plentiful supply of cheap,
efficient labor-power.    In Europe the
Is the Way the Socialist Sees the Outcome of the
Situation on Vancouver Island
That British Columbia—aad Vancouver Island in particular—ia destined to take a prominent part in the
approaching world's social revolution
becomes more apparent every day.
The material conditions are la some
respects different from any other part
of the globe. Tbe climatic conditions
being comparatively fair, and it being
the "Last Great West," discontented
workers from all over tha world have
constitute all of His Majesty's "moat
loyal opposition" in tbe Provincial
house. (•>
Before leaving the geographical
position of tbe Island we might couple
with it the geological natnre. In
this respect it has always appeared to
me analogous with Britain. It baa
large deposits of minerals, not tha
least important being coal and iron,
which are aa yet Indispensable for
modern Industry, and the advance of
made It their greatest aim to get to modern industry is essentially bring-
this land of promise.   Tnen there, are tag our goal more clearly on the hort-
the workers who land on the eastern
shore of the North American continent, and find economic conditions
there much the same as they had fled
from in Europe.. These man, following tbe line of least resistance, come
west The facilities for getting to a
place where there Is not, or rather
was not, a permanent over-supply of
labor are generally very alluring.
When these Job-hunters get to tha
Pacific coast they find themselves tact that the
cornered, economic  conditions being _ ,     1JL^_
as bad If not worse than the places «»"alplta  of  the
they have left   Having spent all the
money they could raise getting there,
They Are Unable to Escape,
even If escape from capitalist oppression were possible whilst capitalism
reigns.
The only semblance of a loophole
Is to contrive to get on to Vancouver
Island. A short period on the Island
soon crushes out the last spark of
hope tbat they will ever be able to
improve their miserable lot by running
away from tbe enemy. The result is,
they instinctively turn their backs to
the Pacific and prepare to fight A
case of Hobaon's choice.
son. Another point is that H occupies,
relatively, the same position of easy
access to that part of the world's market which lies around tha Pacific
ocean, as does Britain to tha markets
of tbe Atlsntlc coasts. Tha logical
conclusions that may he. taken from
these facts are, that it will get mora
than average attention from profit-
seeking capitalista.
Another  Important  faatum  It  tha
Are
-!^i"Xr* twLT """"'-■'    fci .-----.  .__ i    The fact that these men are thor-
exodus from country toL^.f^loughly dissatisfied with their miser
V1WU     r i i ■■■      .ww——
bined with the deteriorating effect of
industry and slum life, accentuated by
tbe   continuous   emigration   of   tbe
able  condition   of   wage-slavery  and
^^^^^^^^^^ anxious to put an end to H, makes
moVrttabrfTed. hai resulted in a|*•» ««■J*L™^ *■» "S
depletion of the supply of efficient ™ "d "JJL1*"* r2*S .*J?!5
1-tL..««_,». in. _«iTi«.„m„„» nt ~»_ soon get down to a serious study of
labor-power.    The Mhlevementof ™;|proletaV,an   ^^ „,.   w!th 'that
^^^^      •. P. of C
Having the First Innings
of Socialist propaganda. The) workers
will not need to waste time effacing
the fallacious Ideas of reformist labor
parties. First impressions are lasting
impressions. In conclusion ti might
be said tbat if the capitalist political
powers were to succeed-in scattering
some of these cf ass-contcJoos revdlu-
ttonists, ss they are trying to do now,
it would be s great stroke of Socialist
propaganda, and an object lesson to
indifferent wage-plugs. But, aa waa
pointed out before, these hard-pressed
workers have not got tha meant to
get out, even if they were willing,
there being no convenient railroad
ties to "hit" across the stretch of
water to the mainland.
WM. BRAES.
formers hsa been the conversion ot
capitalism to a realisation of the possibility of Increased profits by the conservation of the profit-producing energy of the working class.
u this country there Is no dearth of
labor, no necessity to conserve brawn
and muscle. A C. P. R. official in an
interview published In the "Calgary
had lo t>* amputated close to the body. I No„ 7lf> 717. 71*. "«0.
11    Youag lad named Stay, appren-j 	
-lend to the Johanneahurg municipality ;    Vttmt. through with that assessment
at the expense of their former friends.
The franchise in Calgary la to be
extended to all who can read English,
not because of any democratic sentiment, but because, up to the present,
landowners, who alone possessed the
vote, resisted every attempt to establish the single tax. The extension of
the franchise to the workers, backed
with the cry of lower rents, win no
comes the appreciation ot the uncom-
nromiaing attitude of the Socialist
Party of Canada.
Realizing that the machine process
has advanced to a stage where the
social revolution Is possible, and that
it ts the backward evolutionary state
of the wage slave's mind tbat Is the
retarding  factor  in   the   accompllsh-
tl.ck.mlth. was standing on the pavt-jremlarly and we will aoon kin you a ;■"■---—,-  w   km a^^tj, the
hWbaVlTwItTTravolver in hia hand. | »,„ lu„„fy w< vly publication. b-.man tabor, and If the tax results in
and told the people to disperse. 8tay
did not move, tnareupon the officer
.hot him la the chest. Now recover-
tar. n«ht arm paralysed owing to the
terra being shot away. Municipality
have allowed accident P»T- . . ,.
And now as regards phthisis: oMhe
I*  mei
Heraid"   makes the   following  state- 1T'*.'"7\1;""-  i »i      .. .       ,    *
ment:    "They  (Southern  Europeans)  meDt «* *• reT0,n"011' J *■ m]Z to
are not the most desirable class of b« "»«*"« tbat ^""k* *• ****'
.ritltens. but they are Indispensable in '*nt of d,re «ece»Mty,
Irthftt they would do work which the Vsneeuver Island  May  Crests Some
English-speaking   ctttaen   would   not Precedents,
attempt to do. . . . Cheap rates If It hss not already done so, by elect-
from Southern Europe can be given tag working-class representatives that
because immigrants from those coun- ^^^^^^^■^■■■^'^■^■^■amBl
tries are willing to put up with Inconveniences which English-speaking people would not tolerate, no matter how
low the rate, wss."
The above statement in conjunction
with Immigration statistics, explains
the silence of the politicians upon the
subject of reforms.    In tsce of con-. .^—__^^^^^^
tlnued   renewal   by  immigration  the {and  pulpit are ever  ready to boom
conservation of human energy would
entail a financial loss.
Among English-speaking people the
Glamor of the Self-made Man
has its influence upon political affairs.
They see an aristocracy of wealth,
rich,   uncouth   and   Illiterate.    Press
CONCERNING A BUMPTIOUS "CRITIC
        a_ Kiniine'a brainy wastrel has it,|eer than  the advocacy of athetom.'
Witness page 8: "It It not here con
committee of  the Transvssl   Miners;    culturw, Ban,» whlcb doubtless ac
AssneiatJoa tn 1HT7. '» have since d ed ,counU for the cat-tapping pleasantries,
:>j»mesr.s>^9*i&i^^
sra *xtstzstt\^v&aTtt&~^s-*V&
one is still working
™ „„.     Whaj   «b*«jyj-^orta.rtoVn. the..Clubby
facts!     Search    the    whole    w0,v.laent a copy of Connell s    Socialism
opinion."
forces capable ot producing all the results we see, msn Included." And
throughout the succeeding pages no-
Transvaal pthlsls terror could
found. Tha crux of the JO**"**?
that shots have to he fired In a csr-
tain definite order, and not sirnu^
taneously. and tbat hitherto no way
hn» been discovered of preventing.the
ruaes of tbe later ahots being damsgea
bv the explosion of tne earlier shots,
consequently It hss been the practice
for the men to go back after■the earlier .hots In order to fire the later
tmea, aad thus breathe about the
worst »»mMPbe™"Jf_J^^!_2
THt SALS OP TIMS.
What do ye tell. O ye wol**r,2,
The days and hours of your »v««
Ve market the nights of yourdaughtare.
Ve market the days of your wives
The   hours   and   the   days   or
the
sjjjM^p-j^P^P—.-^^^^^^^^^^, God idea, which cannot be duplicated
Facts and Opinions" ts the caption In a scorj of sermons delivered to
under which "Spectator" writes, which God's people, In God's house, on God's
of course, la further evidence that he day, anywhere ln Chrlatendom. Not
has ever ready to hand the weapon ofito speak of the pamphleta and books
the "culchawed"—elae how account for { Written by men of God. ordained and
the use of the word "facta"? Methlnksj especially trained teachers ot his
the sly rogue has in mind that subtle! word the world over,
paradox: "A fact Is a lle-and-ahalf."    j    ••spectator-   flhen
Much  concerned  la  he  that  theae mark,   entirely   bealde   the  question, ai-ium^n,..™ -,  _—	
workmen "should spend their meagre jln8, ..lhe members of the Workmen's discipline, that the human turna to
*        •■—•■-«•..•. .k«.u  hm-ov.r not over-1 the Impotent and  futile practice of
prayer and ceremonial worship. The
child ts blissfully ignorant of "The
Eternal Force, The First Great Cause,
which put thote laws Into nature." and
the aavage Invariably worships the
visible operation of nature's laws rath-
Spectator"   fihen  ventures  to   t>-|yeara   01    mwawsw,   	
rk,   entirely   beside   the  question, accompanied by more or less severe
woramen   anu.nu ■,,-..._      ..._t "the members of the Workmen's  "—'-"—   **■**  »*«• tinman turns to
hours of leisure trying to trace their! 8(udv C|Ub should, however, not over-
ucdlgree back to monkeys."   While II-1 locll the fact iatA religious men wor-
lustratlng the "somewhat amualng at-j.blp the Eternal Force, the first great
hours      ^^^^^^^^^^^
children, . .. _ _,._
The days and the hours of the men
Y« sell them, today, that tomorrow
Ye msy live to sell them again.
What do ye sell. O ye tntak??lir1,t
The Jewels and gems ot your thought.
All theflighttof the eoul.
All the heights ye behold,
Are displayed tbat they »f* *a*2fbt
Ye cannot soar on through Cosmos,
Reporting tha wonders ye see.
With the cries of the market deciding
The direction taken by thee.
Worker!   0   Thinker!    Ye   are
brothers. ,    .  . .
Twin links In M»t«»^1c^U.fs»ma
The hog ln the trough is the bourwolt.
Your fraaddta demands he be tiam.
The   workers   will    work    for   tne
thinkers . . _ »».„«,
When tha thinkers work for them.
Ye now strive only tor owners-
Most manless and soulless of men.
O
Propaganda Meeting
nut arryavY mvwoat nrnsT-
nru).
TV  T»*»
EMPRESS THEATRE
atasttacs en. Bast
ta tha anteMott ef the Working
QUMviuni ~ Biaootwotf
tempts at logic" with which our blood
relationship to the atmtan is established, he selects the statement thst
monkeys are fond of alcoholic liquors,
"and in their wild state are even captured by them." Then, with matchless sarcasm, he states that Connell
Invites the Inference that free booie
la acceptable to him.
An Elegant Culchawed and Effective
Method
of reasoning! So elegant, so crushing
that It Is disappointing to observe
that be does not take up one or two
other points of these "somewhat amusing attempts st logic":—the embryo-
logical evidence, for Instance, or the
consanguinity, the rudimentary vestigial organs, or the deadly parallel of
brain structure.
However, It Is pleasing to note that,
while Ignoring these, he points out
matter which has come under his own
observation. Tbe ass. observe, hath a
predilection for oats In their pristine
purity, which man duplicates after
they have been dlscutaed and sufficiently advertised. "Spectator" therefore concludes that "the average reader, after reading through tho pamphlet
would be Inclined to concede the writer's asinine ancestry." To which I
find It proper to add a further conclusion, unlsme and potent, concerning
"Spectator" and his "Facta and Opinions":—
"If It should come -to pasa
That any one play aas,
Here  shall   see
Gross fools as ho.
Due dame, due dnme, due dame."
cause which put thote lawt Into oner
at ion."    Thlt   tuggetU  thst   In  one
respect  at  least  "Spectator"   resembles Homer when he ..,-!«" than"V hypothetical Law-giver—es-
»•"••« Jl* lttLlLS2S Ed»went!m,an? of the graclou. Christian type.
and the place from whence he '.'went
and took" is not difficult to discover,
seeing he uses precisely the sentiment
of the words I have Just quoted from
Connell's pamphlet.
Continuing, he still avoids the question he set out to discuss, as witness:
"The man who says there ts no God
Is a fool. This Is not an abusive epithet, but a frank statement. He cannot prove lt."
'Evidently a cultured gentleman!
And as there Is nothing in the pamphlet to warrant such a statement, we
must assume It Is profound sarcasm,
the. depth of which, with our puny
foot of twine, 'tis bootless to sound,
Laboring this point further, he tells
us, "we cannot measure tbe supernatural, whlcb creates the natural, by
natural Instruments. Where reason
falls, Instinct makes up the deficiency.
One of the most remarkable facta of
lire ts the community of belief of all
races In the existence of a 'Supreme
Power.'"
Evdtntly a Learned Gentleman!
Might I venture to auggest concerning this last statement, tbat ha cannot prove It? And setting aalde the
truly remarkable distinction between
reason and Instinct, may I be permitted to point out that when panic stuns
Spectator" then declares that "Tbe
Western Clarion, wbich publishes this
pamphlet, .... periodically goes
out of existence." Another Fact! And
concludes his chiding with this: "80
destructive and obstructive ot social
progress is Journalism of this class
that It appears to us it would be to
.the advantage of the capitalista of
■ the country to bonus it for the purpose
ot keeping it afloat, and quoting lt aa
Indicative of what democracy might
expect under Socialism." Which accords well with the belief that capitalista are, as a rule, mutts, seeing the
money they are squandering to stamp
out tbe result of Western Clarion
propaganda on Vancouver Island.
We can hardly expect one so culchawed as "Spectator" to stick to the
truth while using the weapon of the
culchawed. aa exaggeration ts often
found to be effective sarcasm, but his
shameless switching from the Darwinian theory and Ita bearing on Social-
lam to a discourse on the God Pest can
afford but little assistance to those
who sought his aid.
Sixty years of assault on the doc-
 .radons Christian type, 1 trine of the survival of the fittest and
which  effects  mathematical   Imposai- Its selective Influence on the species
. _ ._j—.. v. has onlr testified to the thoroughness
Instance; and God Is the last thing he
thinks about To wit: the Iroquois 1
horror. Further, If "Spectator" would
apply hta great powers of observation
to the instinctive actions of young
babes and young monkeys, the result
might give him pause. Everything,
from "Mah to Mahl" la meat*for the
babe. He doea not wrangle pedantically over tbe moral aspect ot possession. "Tls mine, and I will have it"
is the spirit in which he approaches
Moon or Fish, questioning not the
principle, not the practice, nor neighbors' nerves, nor parents' gloomy
brow, until instruction and discipline
cloak his savage nature with the hypocrisy and guile ot civilization, to
the end that he take hia place in ordered socialized lite. It is only after
of   bratn-warplng   Inatructlon,
the Story of sudden wealth attained
by   a   tacky  farmer  or   speculator.
Splendid dope to stimulate the, mentality and ambition, a splendid nar-    -
cotlc to deaden the mind to the suffering   of   the   present     "An   earthly
heaven ahead, attainable only by hard
work, and steady plodding through a
present hell." "Hard work is the only
sure road to success."    Bow  often
have   workers  been  inoculated  with
the  story of  Strathcona,  Sifton,  or
even Pat Burns, as an antidote for
"socialistic" ideaa!   In the face of the
current rmilosa/>hy of success, charity
becomes a  crime,  unemployment  a
proof of incapacity, all effort other
than Individual effort a sign of weakness, a lack of self-reliance.
Working   Class   Reforms   May   Meat
With Approval
iu other lands, but our politicians can
still prove to us that "thla country
was built up by people unpamperad
by paternal legislation, by people alive
to the glorious possibilities (still open
to all) of working bard and Ignoring
hardships as the price of future success.    Anyhow,   why should a man
starve when he can get one hundred
and sixty acres of the finest wheat-
growing land for nothing?" Thla otd
conception of self-reliance la likely to
receive a Jolt.    When the wageless
plug in the bread line tees himself
duplicated many times, he may lose a
little of that self-consciousness  that
seems to trouble him, especially when
he writes   home   to   eager   friends,
anxious to hear of his success In tbe
"Golden West"
peclslly
which  effects  maiu«-m«un;»i   uupw. ^	
hllltles tn Its being—when Indeed be has only testified to the thoroughness
does worship forces. More frequently I of Its promulgator's method; and the
he merely offera glfta propitiatory to *
hia dead  ancestors.    Seldom  has he
the remotest idea ot a "Supreme Power" until It is forced upon his attention by tbe machine guns and bibles
and cant and gin of civilization    According to "Spectator" even though a
race worship a stone, the root ot tbe
Christian Is there In a manner conforming with the degree of natural
u-.telllgence they have been able to
develop." This learned gentleman
Haa Some Gall, All Right!
The root Idea of tbe savage Is paramount In Christianity—I.e., the worship of desth, not from reverence, but
from fear.    A Chinese mandarin ot
great learning and aome conceit thereof, asked a Christian missionary, what
was thla God the white man waa to
concerned about. The missionary's aa
tonlahed stare hastened the wily Ori-
netal to remark, "Ah, yes. I remember.
The Emperor of the French!" There
Ilea the God-idea in a nutshell:  fear
ot the dead who In lite were powerful
and feared.
Verily,  the  only   excuse  for  auch
babbling about Instinct would be that
might of his intellect.    And while a
Schmidt has warned us that If "So-  ..	
mmmar    ... M_ ^.,_i mortgages.
Kniua.il*,    ..u~     ..„—.
ctallata are prudent they will do their
utmoat to kill by silent neglect tbe
theory of descent,  for that (theory
most emphatically proclaims that tbe
Socialist Ideal Is Impossible";  and a
Haeckel has declared that It proclaim*
more openly than any other scientific
doctrine the fact tbat "equality of individuals   toward    which    Socialism
tends Is an impossibility": we can, in
spite of such weighty authority, fearlessly announce, our adherence to Darwinian), and as fearlessly apply  Its
Principles  to  our  science.    Connell,
therefore, undertook a needful tabor
in thus summarizing our poaltlon, and
the Workmen's Study Club could do
wor* In the matter of selecting material for their use.   Provided always,
they discriminate between arousing interest and Imparting knowledge.
That their studies may lead them to
a less exalted genesis of their race
thsn Is taught by their masters need
not greatly  concern  them.    Console
The Agriculturist Presents the Greatest Problem
to onr politicians and capitalista. The
farmer Is the legitimate pray ot all,
from the harvest hand, who holds him
up for the highest rate of wages, to
the banker who squeesea from him
the highest rate of Interest Hit
economic position is becoming gradually worse. How to placate hit anger
presents an ever increasing difficulty
to politicians. Unlike the townsman,
the story of his productive effort la an
open book. He plows and develops
the soil, watches the growth of the
grain, sees and measures the yield of
the harvest, and finally counts the coin
that he can call his own—bis wagea—
and compares it with the value ot the
grata that once filled hfa granary.
As a homesteader he saw tha barren
prairie, and now as a fully fledged
farmer, he realises that all the effort
sacrifice, and hardship he endured, embodied In his improvements, represent
to him a source of slavery, actualized
In mortgages, while to another class,
that self-same energy, those self-same
represent   a   source   of
profit What Is more, the mortgage
upon bis property la a mortgage upon
grain not vet grown, upon labor and
hardship yet to oe endured.
The following from the "Morning
Albertan" throws light from capitalist
sources upon the condition of the. independent farmer:
"Declaring it Impossible to get one
dollar from the banks upon personal
loans, and that money on mortgage
could only be obtained at from eight
to ten per cent., a large franliffrt
representative farmers from tha Ba»
katoon district attended the Hoyal
Commission on Agricultural Credits
snd Grain Markets here thlt morning.
Farmers declared that from flfty to
ninety per cent, of the farmn In tbe
district were mortgaged.
Free Land Is a Huge Joke
or a pitiful delusion In the face_of
such   statements.    Th« casual hand
upon the farm fs a hirea man.    nm
comes and goes as he cbooeta.
the mind, and man no longer brings Ibaouinm «,...«. ._„.,—
uv Mm ,  reason to bear upon Imminent danger I "Spectator" waa bereft of reaeon—al
But to Survey Our Pacta. fraught with deadly portent, be does ways allowing, ot course, for the 11
He states "the preaching ot Social- rather dreadful things  InstlnctlvtlvT cense accorded "sarcasm''    and   the
Ism is lets the object of the pamphlet- Trampling little children to death, tor -nental chlorotormers of slaves.
tta  taTtaelescent from brutedom comes f«JJ^VaV"6n^soc?r8
rnay be found in the reply of the sclen- farm*,r is tnen ^
tlst to the antHrojH^ntric proteato   nithta the m    ^ ^^
against tuch humble origin: "Never
mind, my friend! We are not so tar
descended from the brute that we
need despair of being able to return."
comes bourn! bv law to surrender Wa
anolal obltaatlont imposed^uptrn aim.
(Continued on page wnr.l
m
:m
''     ' ■'■' nh.Mir Iffisffisir
W "■•asJissj ■■■
QCToax&u
ts* raM* «** t «■*• am
MSnirtinttm tatrn am
iiilsitristi taw Mama,   the
JUL
I*■
aL.
U
- W. L.
IT. S. fBaBUy, V. I
*■» fj   Thtarc as a csmthnvnl si'iiiis of J BoJH, New BT<
.•^'growth in the laoduum tatwm  of \W. X. Lrwta,
fa thg aortal iiitaltima of B. C.
m j wwiajngaifaa h. uu**: ?*•*» ts inttgC H tTBMea. OMgary
-_,™.  as. *-. the afrrfrt^*— «f the LocaJ Van. Ka j	
to Safety jA.
!
X
I
•
a
s
1
» 4
• t
• t
• 1
• 1
• *
S
•Jar
8 3 oat taker Is astaBei to
• foot lau* a chair to m ts
• ire* to th* ieraat Jn cat
•Issues snttfls by
limnsta.
•jw»e cama to the
• ita
• > total tain* of th*
• jam a* eased caty
tlBsa
1 spew by th* tehmtan St its
flftta*.
Xow then, hoar at B
*f3rt^^5Mir7"«T«* Btanta
Aim. Beat    Bwl ft
»w ntn,oatasiy	
  r*or«.
•jTTTtw   sdt   cess-raOes   rasJdta*  te   t*Os
prtivUM*   t»   CiSiWaWWlffllt*   Wtti
UcmJiLtI « Mate an, ^attB.
iaw   ~
tafertearitw aay
sB^ssawetasW* aha**B>      —      '
Waa*KTW%Mm j,
tea*, alia.
ax UtanrSl
Ttit   locally
at th*
hsn tans appractatad Oaaattf)
at th* British Labor Party.
A
of th*
ta what* th* tat* tatter «sn-
hare fsarflrmafl in the jxtttfesl
ta th* ohi
ot their mctaattr.
it* ttamfpsita of the ctasmimsrstts at
tn th* ■Stunt sort*    *f th* Can*
on th*
to aB
by the fact
. lights" *f
ttet tn the sol.__
DonsM sVowa, are
th* hotpttaUty dtattanawd seder the
■ of oar local eetahttty, sad are
to bar* htm prsslli at pebtie
aTfltata    Ohaer-
of th* hahttaat thsfeathered
raaoite* te th* sateen that *btrds'of a
teaches* stack teexw&arj" and what to
mora esteral aa4 grsAtfyang than that
these friends of Ukttr" should
to all tha ntstM their
it meat tamely he n matter of
twBteb nrfll he sharad by the revela-
tfatmty workers of rises to) to WBI
Ralph stanch that they
tha usgHiilanHj to <tanv
w.one* m*ra that "though smv
etorad tar by aea ami land.- th* tit
that Made* the "Labor** aoUtlcten* to-
e^Bara^tWB"*       IN      bfSBCsw      smsBaBgaS^^CBsrWtX'      awatMammlOamf
•ml stsgliianat of pints** is th* rnn
ttmj atastr* far th* "aaoral and soetal
spttft ta* th* "doaravtsmauten msatassf*—-
to ornate a Btjrsa* a*eaten oa th* Mas
Th* antics of th* Immi product of
•Bit "school at, thooghf are getting
•tatty otntartatatag    Tha much*****-
at tka^ Uhetnl stem*** have, without
eneex*noa» proved W sacra, to spite of
(whtehwftl
, of Sfteee Uherata aad
•frr'sTmr" fimtilir of fffrfawfattt Wh
* -m* 400* flsctastot, th* taanee vat
tattofy IntesTtntted by th* darter** Jha-
iMsaf of the savlaftattna <
ther itatf ont of the h*& Th* Coa-
attwative stforta, In agdt* of tha added
Sssrta* a*rss*s
Z^ZZ ef t*tatj: *e tf rm mr»
^"""lif«»« «*r tafsrsserv*. wrtu ta*
tuTk C ttoCatitist*, Bt*tt 4.
■^BB-snt fcTBTStir.* —"
«3r *£5
Bnm i«
"¥¥ •?"   ISBLe'SJfi:,.,"0;,'^
of
to
wadl'i'JBs of areanctfcm*   Aa ft
ahov* sfl. tmamrtaat tmt to aa
of th* trams of UtBtanttaa. of
gtttf** prodactrt* r) trees. It ta
tarr to brash th*
which they hare
the ssetntnt thla hngeena Ota rerota-t
ttonatT ctoat If scmsoi imaanattre.
anmatattat whleh Is hnetf a rssanaat
of fcsMei ttamn.   to the oeerae of tts
htatertoal    dnnlsimtim.    the
gwotate aeneanarfiy atateJona Ms
at ita
te he aser* er
only to a
In proportion aa the
it ietelope to Ms
new proletariat a
proletariat; it develops a
tween the trctetartas etaat and the|
with foli
eelertod aa a saudtam of
| sectary, aad mataaliy
IgoM ttattf to a prowact of
wakh 'tabor* ita vatoe ta
Tata take* as to th*
'»«•; *£*;
SttjUaXeTt^
■JTtnS
h fb< gJ
1 "»*»»,
a.   cojs   -^
•r*   **•     »udn»i
■**~~ *M  *n«'>nir' tia^,
'•ealag *t 1*000  1.
gt-to  Hill  Fro*
•verir faa4a,. i p. ^
Orgamicr. a.
Seventy aaba. aB tela.   Met
te say for this taswe. <»**• ta
tie* with the other aooree* of
from
wotnhers are assdel. The
s«»»r week sfter week, wtth few
ones appeartag with them,   it a
te he a sfatpte thing far each party t**-!
stessher to cat at least aa* swb a fort- >-.;
night.   However. M they ehease to lay 1 bq—j
seek aad reap the frsdts of the en-iJiU
dearors of the active
help ft   There te aa 4
party wao wffl do their si The rate* of a
one etae qsits. aad then stoaMer as! J^^C'H
(tabor) of which rata* to
So therefore It can net I
changing of
•Jew   thr  capttsJtot  els*
«/■*?• the wealth,
ter every!    The arlot of a conmsadtty <
sferety  tha
KwD&ar afuroesw at l*» •* Cvateaa;
Mall    A tut**-? aavfwettet) .*» etlt*!
•d to all wait* staves wtthta nstc* ofi
—— '     a* t-» at-lsaS war ■Mima*     ■wrttsas \
cam-      WattSryn «f «•<* atsata at IU» aai
_w      •«  tM aasae teU.   Jfartjr  e»aealstirs
^T      (aa* sitrtas    *_*_
JP»BW*
amaMttne* at *«e»al-
tewttk Tneraaat* •*
B. r. ttajrsaaa. terretary.
matr st «,
laSMI
J» a.»»r» Sta]
la tbe moeth *t 1
"     1 evorr Sut.
tM ttaswmuai 81
fcjs. i' r'st"'cu
_ the hrtt KuBitsf it
tett* ta ta* Ceher Man. Jit a»-u
an si. si I jusw  awet**aary a. Bwta.
•***■ £*L-l*m'*1. •***■    OrtsnJtw,
O. McOtnwsa    BsnsrrtlB« stcrtttr;.
bonrgaeta da**, a ttraggte arbkk. he- "^ ^f, {** y*^.^ --^r-?^ **»*> •• tnsnt admh ta ***y
fore it to fcH. aercelvetL agttraelaieCi^i "^1* ^f^^ That to to
avowed,   and   loo«yfw^J?t*S*f!"*S*.lt^,k*- **? taetstate ap
Oa the other hand, if all
of the ntaatarn boor-
have aa identity of tateraat
as they form a ctaas opposed
by snother ctoat. they hate atao eon-
Sk-ttag. aatagontatic tntereata. lnas-
smA aa they Bnd themaetaet oagosod
to each other. Thto otpnoattioa of ta-
toreata fleam from the eormotnie coadi-
ftona of their bourgeois life- Trom
day to day B bt comet more clear that
the retattons of production to which
the a^ouigaotote extate have not n stogie, a simple character, hat a donate
character, a ctmreeter of atapHefty;
that to tha nam* relations in which
wealth la prooncod. poverty to nro-
daced atoo; that fa tbe name relation*
In which jthera to a development of
orodactive force*, there to a fsredse-
tfve tores of rapresetoa: that these re-
tetlotts produce booraeota wealth, that
to to aay the wealth of the benrgeota
etaat, only fa eonthraally anaihltatlag
the wealth of tatogral aMmbera of
that ctoea aad to producing an evergrowing proletariat
(From Th* Poverty of Philosophy.)
hN9| '
M
aj frnade taTorte to attract attention Th* latest stoat ta
the tovftatlon. voiemf by their ofltetal
■atkossisu. the afore^nentloned Ralph
Smith of aaalodoroo* pwHtlcal record.
tor tha naahar taarn'mmm th* "Social-
Hsr te -set together" with the lib-
aaato ami manor the tftmia of "the
Liberal Pernorretlt FBrty." kick out
the ratcals who am ffttsr dipping into
ismtoariui ath*fa*Ite traasory/*
tmt "at" ta—who, of course, are
hoaasnhis mm" ami ineapabta of
taotatee
lata tor aa Boed-trni ea* help to tha
toisisitnll ■ at thto snow wish, tbe
tanttlssni of the • 9. at C. ta cordial
lir satflsd. Thar* 4MB • whote lot of
ttatfetyled "SirisBsf atao would flad
• «aatfevtohto aMfltof ftoet la the
***** poiBtoBt fata aatheBslph Smiths
** Cassetea tad Mftttot origin.
11 11  ——«———
What to eftaet, atwetJtacttae riches,
pabtte weaJthf They are the *e*lth
at the tisrsnetali, and not that of
amah Indtvieaal boergeota. W*Ut Th*
eeenomtats have ttotfty ttasaonatrated
hew, to the ratattamt at nfoanetlon aa
thaf *atot/ the wealth of the boar-
isgtoto bat dswetaped aad mutt ttJU
gtrw a* to Bbt vorhhaf classes, It to
•BV a moehaeheted tjttattlori whether
at alt as a ttatsJt of th* growth of the
" i fstatta wwaMh.   If th* econ-
t1to'B?,.tMi,|Bjtjiiit of their
ss, ta« aBfltajfa of tha worker*
totto BbtSPth cotton indas-
r aBtjr MfltseB tttafr eondttioa la
at tatoto and stag-
proportion'* of
itao, to
tha 4
to refer to
ademned to
1, to oraer to
gal a half of
Fta*.   ?"'*'*■*'•'****       ft*
yearaof pros-
AN AMPIUCIATfOff.
Victoria, Oct U, 13
Ed. Clarion.—I feel Uke saying a
tow worda te acknowtadgmsnt of the
many eoartaatoa received by aw. at
tha hands of the British Cotambta
comrsdss. i cam* her* flrat about tan
yaara ago, and perbapa have ami
fifteen vtette to thto Provtoea atoce
that time. I know It it somewhat out
of th* ordinary for a travelling agitator, or tactarer, to publicly express approbation for courtesies shown him
toft those ehowa ma by th* British Cotambta   rostrsdoo  an  not   ordinary
ft
or«:tai»*d by the two staes. only j g^JZ^^LZ1**,**^   ^.^ ~„
Haetf t^evtoealy by PM^^J^*?^^"^?^.*"
eeafllcte. by aabver- %^ J^.^?,JalJ*™ata* ^ tln^e* aaora theta veto* and
•erfal yarns to the grteahoraa abeet taeinv hs*
the awfnl work -they** aeimmpttaked \^L' *~
to man* the Ctartaa extot throngh the prte** "*
paaie of l*U.
-1. H.B.
Yamk*m>     aft
— -^_      Twtaatty. t »e*7 _P> s t aa>w«a ^stsetta*
ery seteoaa      tto»*mi. 1 tvsx   Kma*mm Tb*s>uv    J
that artaaa I   C- Twraer. a^crataty. ^
Me.   SI.  Boost*  «^»r>   rrMar  ■ta*'*   *«
wtth the raanft
t o'dscs kt VmaOe Utwwrjr 1
Mel tart*, fceratarr.
AH**. Or
aer at Otttata asMi
at I a
oar*. » t*
p. a Be* Its.
•■ B. eye,
-   H*ll   cor-
Artti«r 8t».
taseUrse. WoiJso*.
'. Ph Pacfhsai.
B. Meetrcsi
bat. Ki.or sunt
Cuwiexurial at Oate ev*rt iosbU*
EttaUtMss ««4 Pt*eeaaaS» B«i!?t *'
tvaBaeetMMtara •^*ryTh»r«<t*y at 4 i>»
HaroU O  Bate, gstireiarr. Be* Ml.
•f C
Be. ta. a p.
at BtB*r»   HaU
 1 aotty strst aait *»r-
<nt  Aostaay  ta   the  asosth.    .v. t>.
TtMetnta, tkersfarr, B*t IS'. Ca
Atas.
A TBIP TO CVMBCRLAMO.
The writer took advaatage of the
legal "freedom of contract - to pOot
Tha Btted Orator of CatBornto,**
Com. h B. Oaborae, to Cumbertaad.
where the latter waa booked to speak.
After a pleasant trip amid beentffui
stsTroandtags of land aad water, we
reached TJnton Bay, ami transferred to
the railroad that waa to take as to
CtmeeftamtL Ctenaa of Burooeaa
watte are beta* racked to the Island
ta batches of twelve and twenty, to
Al the ptaeat at* the anion men now
told nroatrate by potrtteal and mfli-
At every landhag
looked at ah aver anal
kept oa under sarvefltasce tor a few
mtautos, hut asaing only n Htedn and
a Mind man. who moat aeceasarfly be
tha most Innocent aad harmless of
creatures, they tot us pans.
Arriving nt C^uabertand. w* were
soon surrounded wftb friends and eom-
radee—intentgeat, rtoas conseioas, ad-
•ntttkally informed man. who tower
bead ami ahouldera above the hirelings
of the. aueter-elass who were watehteg
as.
Esropean strikebreakers had already
got off at Waaaimo About 25 Cbfeeee
' aded here wtth an. A mfstary
•atoto hare aa -wail aa ta Na-
beyond which tea floctaltots
n«n 'are not allowed to ao.
ft to all  tha  strikebreaking
J^^iBBrBay   aBB)  ■•BBtBT. ...
aaVBBBNBFj4hMBBBSBsBBB>
th**SSS*'taM
-'Sr ^*&-**m relatloni are
t atairtit'irw »y<HhmtivB
I fear*
orajBttotr and lecturer for the last
twenty-flv* years, tad It to aeedtaat to
any, ha** hail aome vary
seraoaal sspertences, hat even those
are not tmtaterostteg. Tbe peraonnl
•id* of my wperisacss to British Co-
tambta, without exeeattea hat
mora than ptasssat There ta aa old
saytog, "Aak, aad ye shall receive."
However, I have never asked the British <tafombta comrades for anything,
aad they have given me everything;
from the time of my flrat viett, until
the present alar their hearts, aad
homes, aad parses have beta thrown
wide opaa to me, aad thto generous
boawftaBty aetata to tne raits wtth
each tucceedtag vtott I hare practically beta tented to the home of or*
an comrade who has a home, te •very
town I hare vtotted, tad the spirit of
romradsehlp and boapftelity baa bean
aa lB4nMratloa to me everywbere—aad
partttutarly to the bosses ot th* coal
mtatrs who haw* been oa strike for
erer * year.
There are. many tastaaces of special
kfndnastes shown am too aumerous
ta menttaa. Oa* lady comrade at
whoa* boas* 1 stayed ewer night to
00M weather placed a child to my bed
vatfl tha older pnopls ware ready to
retlra, and than removed the child,
leavtag tbe hai alee ami warm for me.
Another lady comrada at whose
bouse I have stopped many timet, always aeas to tt that there art ao spots
an my cloth**, presses my
washes and irons all my necktie*,
baadkercbtafs and aaderelothes, aa
well aa mends the earn*, knits am
woolen socks and gives them to me
when I return bar*. Sock extreme
thougbttalns** hat bean deeply appre-
ctotod by am, aad whether I am worthy of It or not It still lemalns t
menamsnt to their goodness.
Th* Piwriaetal and Bxecative Committee have at dlfleraat Umat strained
a pent to ha geeerous to ma, aad I
heps they mill reosrre toy grateful ae-
knowtoasmanta. If the comrades of
BrtttoL Cotambta are at good to one
another nt tfcsy have been to me, they
Aa obtert leiaon to the de-
of McBride*t -taTblUt Brtttoh
Cohrmbta!"
» to evident here how the matters
are eraatteg aad fostering otrndrHotw
whsreby race and eofor pretadices become accentuated to an exceedtagtv
explosfv* degree. Mo loophole to allowed whereby etea*tmaselous and la-
tentaeat workers eaa gat aa oopor-
ttmfty to acqaatot those st work as
to tha function they are performing,
their noattton ta society, etc. The
way they are serosa ad away ta their
miserable, dingy, eteguettag hovels
eaa be described only bv drawing s
parallel with the conditions under
chattel slavery.
The writer pot ap a dry talk on dta-
tecttea and toe attafy of equations ta
relation wtth the tneory of value.
Cam. Osborne tacidty explained tha
nee of dtatactles, mat carried the aa-
dlence wtth htm to n vtrlfyta* address
on aeeteltom and the ctoat struggle
Thto bench of rata, ea strike for
thoat twefre month*, forked np IIS to
Pay Oaaorat/s sipeataa, whleh shows
what a 4V*termtaed tot of men can do
for *4tacatlOtt aad propaganda while
batter. t h, B. <
TMI tHWflBTY (Of TMI MAMY.
* •.' imamwma^ay   ape   ^tBw*^
their manner
BtSSWeeWe"        ■WWSS^SWSaaaaa.ss-.
sn
wradsafll
MtoBBp
are esrtataly ajakiag great stride* In
th* devttapmett ofthat aplrit that te
ao saaeattal to the society of new and
higher  social  ralationa-a  Comrada
worjd.
I 9, OSBORNE,
BeTNaveBBrfBlvtOsp    *Brr     awmaQiflfaQra)
DrtaajB by th* vary maladjustment
that wound tt, soetety moat mora onward to a state In which every band
shaJl work and reap th* frulta of Its
own endeavor, ao more, no last; la
spite of tha cunning malignity of the
cnptrtellar clsss and their hangers-on,
exsretoed to stop thla unlvsraal pro-
great, aaaignsd to the working clasa,
by th* rery mechanism that sustains
tha very Hf* of society.
Boctety today (aa it hat bean for
tbottaaads of yaara) to divided Into
two etaaaes, I. *., the owner* aad tha
non-ownert. Tha owners, or the capi-
taltat etojg aa It to eommonly understood, although few In numbers, own
the earth and all the wealth produced,
thereby compelling th* non-owning
class to depend on the - for their ex-
totenos.
Let nt view thlt matter a little
mora closely.
What lt wealth T We bear tuch ex>
pressions at natural wealth, mineral
wealth, forest wealth, ate, bat in
reality wealth to aea* of these things
of time we had that these
of prices from their
value merely cancel
How then to thto wealth
ttan eaTeeted? tt ta effected by th*
fart that the capitalist elaas And oa
the nmrket one comstodtty to which
use-vane is a creator of vstae. aad
farthersMre of vatae greater than h>
Thto peculiar eanusmitty ta
oaly commodity that
the working ctaas has to sell. Tbe
workers sinat dally aeB thla tabor-
power to order to get access to the
of life, aad they won't Bra
long if they don't find a buyer for tt
When they and a buyer, they sell this
labor-power and te exchange receive
enough to reproduce the energy whleh
the capitalist ctaas baa. during the
working hoars, consumed; or. ta other
words, the wages they receive they
spend ta purchasing food, ctothtag
and shelter ta order to enable thsta to
go back to the tab on the fonowtag
day.
Tbe capitalist class takes good care
to as* that thto labor-power which
they have, bought to consumed to Ita
very limit; thev eousunie tt by putting It to work to produce wealth, aad
It to te thto process that the aeenma-
lattoo at wealth by the capitalist la
effected It to not effected by paying
tor tabor-power tost than full rata*, aa
aome of the worker* have been misted
to believe, bat by purchasing tabor-
power aad paying Ita vatae. This
seems contradictory and yet B to
aevertbetass s amtertal fact and thto
to the way It occurs:
Tbe laborer sells bis labor-power: so
after It la-entd. whoever bays It baa
acquired the right to tawmnma tt. The
easttaltat class, being tha perehaasr.
pate th* taborr » to work tor a given
length of tlme—wbich Bmtt to «nrt-
ahto, depending upon the physical en-
duroaee of the laborer and his coordinated strength wtth his fellow-
laborer la restating and overcoming
the pressure of th* orgnntoed capita'-
tots. Although It appears be to paid
for all bis tabor, be lo not: he work*
only a part of tha time for himself
and part of tbe time for bis employer,
or. to mske It ptata. a portion of bit
time be spends ta tbe raoredurttan of
the value of his labor-power which ta
advanced to htm by the eapttaltat In
tbe form of wages; th* other portion
of time is taken «P to produce wealth
for the capitalist for which the
laborer receives notbtag.
This to the manner to which tha
capitalist accumulates an bit wealth.
A portion of the expenditure of labor-
power goes to th* employer gratto. The
working class, betat compelled to sett
their tobor-power by Urn fart that tbe
tools to produce wealth (mlaee, mills,
fartortos. etc., machinery of si! descriptions) are net their property,
'they are the collective property of
the capitalist clsss and It ta three**
thto ownership that they are able to
dictate to all te soetety, and live off
the hstt of What la produced.
Workers!   Listen to the call!   We
matt transfer thto capitalist property
toto tha eeitoettv* invptrty of all ia
Then wt will all have the
 1 to eajoy net only a por-
 bat all the fralta of cor labor.
Labor-powsr will cease to be a com-
awatty aad the eaptteitat* will also
eaaaa to be dictators, snd for the first
time te the history of society we will
bare freedom without distinction of
sax, color or race.
PBTER ZANONI.
Big bundle ordera will scale down
tbe prices, cheapen the product, and
enable yon to flood the country with
scientific Socialist education.
A steady stream of tubs will provide individuals with food for thought
tha year
 1 Me. ve, B 9. at
C    Bnslasss  aaeects* every  a—Cay.
aruiaoaa   at   t tt   pav   ta   gsetaWtt
BAB   iss nslli   Pest omee.    tVaawalc
•tt  hsta fWAar   a»<t   Prtdav.   7
t am.    H»sa>nirt<r»: ttuctal-
•«t Hall ea-sstte real eehee.   Ftaaeetalf
Beer. Thswai <3tra«r
amietary. J»*sHi Kartar.
LO«AX> Wi
ar.offt
Ding   al   HeadquarteraT  ttt
etftast.    H   ftihtsn. a»"«taiT
paeaade
Os»»B ta
Teatp'
Ok.
a4KiAa.Ba.ta.
■Metis* ever)
•attar af tee tanarth and Me-
■sstitis ooary fourth Butts/
•rarjbody at Roota Ml. U"
at t pa*.    Bacrwtarr. H.
Itll
mi
Finals*.     Meats    soary
fourth  W1 tan tart ta  tha steam at
Mil Pewter Bt Beat   on* UaA. Bee-
BLCUBa.
4». a P. C Meats Brat aa* third
Sunders at aad* aaeatk te Socialist
Hall J. K. Hitrtaa. Bscretary. Ottawa
Jl*:ghl«. BC
.      .   . _.  , Wa,4.a\9.
ot C—Bastasas ssatttaf every Bator
Aay eveaia* at f o'clock st the head-
quartera. !I4 Kteth *•«. West H
Adta. Bacrstary. Bat S4T
, e nm. ta. n ». or
.  Taataar at : 11 >*
la taa   Btaate   MHwrtr   Union Hail
rooapumVa rtoas 4* ha tAdr*»ni Dr*«-
«r tt- Bsasnti. B. C
a p. at cu aranvt
•very PnAty al • eta. ta Mia r* Rail.
W*4tna. B. C   LA Aaatta, Boerttao1
Rtiyniss of Revolt
Noat llttta vatastt at vim* twrtt
fatrtal   pMrte«
v»r eteatltioa
A WbcM aterkrw at Smdaham
By tea east wtitwra te Bareps aatl
aatonca wtB b* ftowad la THE
KBW BBTtBW Whteh deals is an
aattsrltatrat way wtth all saa*«*
at Bactallttt sol far asitatioo.
hat sdstaHna. Pwattshad av.ntMy.
• I tt *»t »oar. caaadtta saosmp
totee. 111*,   r
Pie eepy
ISt far a *•»-
PLATFORM!
Socialist Party of Canada
We. the Socialist Party of Canasta, la ranvaaitan
ear attegtenc* to aad tapport of the srlsclptes aad
ravolutloaary working ctaas.
Labor prodaces all wealth, aad to the prodncers tt
The present economic system te based nana rssttsltat
Ibtad. affirm
of tb<
to the caattallst clasa. the eapttaltat ta therefor* master; the worker
a etat*.
Be long aa the eapttaltat ctaas rataataa In pptasttlna of tbe rein*
of government all the powers of the But* will be used to protect and
defend their property rights In th* meant at wealth production an<i
their control of the product at labor.
The eaptteitat system gives to the capitalist aa ever-tweltin«
stream of profits, aad te the worker aa srsr latiresalag measure of
Battery and deajraeatioa.
The Interest of the werkteg ctaas lies In tbe airacttaa of eetlinn
ttself free from eapttaltat txptahatta* by the aboUttoa of the *w
system, under which to cloaked the robbsry of th* working class at th*
polat of production. To secempltob this secsssttates the transforms
tion ot capitalist property te the mesas of wealth pvodncttan tato col
taitlve or workiag-ctaaa property.
The Irreprasslbta eonfttet of' tateraat betweea th* capitalist and
tha worker la rapidly cnlmtaattag la a atruggta tor possession of th«
rains of government—the capitaltot to bald, the worker to secure K
by political aettaa.  Thla to tha ctaas straggle.
Tbtrafora. w* call upon all workora to organise aadar th* banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with the ebtast of conqaerinc the
public powers tor the purpose of tattlag ap nnd eafarrlag tha aooaomit
programme of the worhtag ctaas, as follows:
I. Tbe transforstatloo. as rapidly aa poealbla, ot capitalist prop
arty ta tha msaat of wealth production (antnral faanarcm. toctoritt.
mllli, railroads, etc.) thto the cotlectJve property mt the weridag clsat
1 ,Tb* democratic orgaaitAtioa aad management of Industry !»
the workers.
1 Tbe estahllsbmsat, as speedily aa possible, of production tat
use tastead of production for profit
The Socialist Party whoa In office shall always aad everywhere
until th* pretest system to abolished, stake tha answer to this que*
tion Its guldlsg rata at attract: Will thlt tagtatatton advance the
Interests of tha working elaas aad aid tha worksrt In their class strut
gl* sgatast caplteltemf If It will, tha Socialist Party ta for It; If »
will sot, tha Soctaltat Party Is absolutely opposed to 1L
to accordance with thto principle tha Soctaltat Pa.ty pledges lite"
to conduct all tha pabtte affairs placed la Ita hands ta each a msnnei
aa to promote the interests of the werktng class alone.
FOR RCNT-At (It Prior Street. I
tom cabin apartments, furnished for
betteekeepteg. sinks, frt* •tastrlc
ItoJrt. rtat I and t dollars par mcath
Pamphlets
NQW READY
To LooaJi, t8 76 p*r 100
fnwfffft fffpf rfjsltntos fn*ttataji]      &? '• '' OBborttS)
MOLaJJiMAKD
THI fUBVIVAL
«VTnnTTI8T
(By 1. CtoBBsll, sBthor
of «'lTto a>4 FlagM)
TBI WAT TO
H*4mi&.ti ' saturdaT-
OCTOBBB 14, His
•ftoKoBsSsBBsstSBPBssBsQikttsiSSSssS
SOCIAUST PARTY OF CANADA
Strrstarr. *«• Main St. Vanceuvtr, B. C.
IC
EXtCUTIVl COMMITTlt.
~OCt IS, 191S.
„ . v.,.,,„<j st Kid Main St at! p.m.
S_K    Btdaway.    Rahlm.
syttdSb and .Watery.   Raid in tbe
cbStaot*B ot previous awetlng adopted
tf,w»Pondtnce from Loealt Cum-
Jntnd No. 70; Vtetoris, No. fl; Vaa-
berland
So,
46; Oibson's Landing No.
Com.
fit Walker, Cumbsrland. and Ernest Untermann, CsL
TJaemtnty reported that ComWalk-
,. hftvtnx accepted th« proposal to
Jiur the Boundary country on the
^rm» tuweeted by Local Naknsp, be
£, In cOBMSSBlttMtBl With th* LoCtta
rnnraraed, and hoped1   to   get
wsiker away by OcL flOtb.  Action
dorMd     Financial Maori,
Receipts.
1/K-al van. No. tfi. da* stamps  .1 6.0(4
£a  Victoria No. I. SO..-,...  10.00
£° (Vibson't Land's. No.49, do.   5.00
t3 Van. No. 1. repuymt louiv 10.00
,1—...l,ln«   Plind    ..—      1.00
111.00
110.00
.   IJ0
OrxanUIng fund
stapenses.
U*n to Van. No. 1	
Sundries     --.  	
Ill-tO
MJournment ^ BgRK0|,QH ^
DOMINION tXICOTIVt COMMIT-
~~~    Oct 10. 1118.
Convened  ta above,  Bald in the
"^Minutes of imstrtoas meeting adopt-
«w| tut r*mjd.
Correspondence from Locale So. Ft
George No. «l; CaJgury No 4. St
John No. •: aibemva Landtag No. «
Vancouver No. 1; Bed Deer No. II
Nakusp No. 74; Italburne No. 40; Roae-
i»od No. 10; W. Gribble. Orovllle,
Ont ; C r. Cata. rarest Hall; T. Mel
iaiiru. Ft WUtlam; C. M. 0*Brten,
Calgary; J. K. Mergier. Cslgary; B.
Fot. Ixmdon. Bug.; H. W. Long. Mil
kith N. B ; Merit, aad Alta. Kiecu-
.!>-..« Loeata St John No. t. Vancou-
«er No 1. Nakusp No. 74. and Del-
borne No. 40 sea* to results of voting
on Referendum of Sept «. all unaal-
mottfly adopting it Local Red Deer
No. 11 acknowledged receipt of same,
wb>h would be considered at a special meeting; Local Rosetand forwarded tftsetement, rafarandum to be coo-
.idensd later, and Local So. Ft. Ctaorge
forwarded assestmeaL but not result
of voting on raferandum. Secretary
Instructed to ask for result of voting
from latter Local.
The sppllcattan tor a charter from
Nee Brunswick comrades approved,
ind ordered Issued ss ft. locai Whiie-
h««aiJ NO. t. N. B., Secretary, H. W.
l/m*. Mllhlth. N. B.; laocul St John
No. « to be cheesed to No. 1. All correspondence tiled.
Flnanatal Report.
Receipts.
Uxal Whitehead  No   2. H
rbarter and supplies   	
Clarion receipts —
Clarion Fund ~— *	
J. Smart, literature
Ural Calgary No. 4. do
i     . k      •tskatehswsn.
I/Wei Roteland No. 10 Asst 1.00
Local Moose Jaw, No. l, do 1.00
Nsw Brunswick.
Local St. John No. 1, Ant.
2.00
2.00
|IA or
Grant to Publishing Account  12.40
Bsl. on hand, Oct. U 147.45
CALGARY.
•67J6
Expense*.
Editing No. m 	
riundrlet  ~
OiBee rant	
, 115.00
J. H. BURRQUOH, Sec
S. C. OWOANU1NO FUND.
Local Van. No. 1 per J. Jenkiaa... f
H. Priestly . 	
"Lundy'   	
Par T. B. Moor*
'*Kph4*r" .....	
■Coirtto" Twtoitiii»ag) -	
C. H. lAke	
.50
.50
1.00
1.00
1.00
14.00
Dr. Bal. Sep. 17 J^
 11.(16
ACCOUNT.
Bal. on band Oct. 13
CLARION
Hubs
Bundles
PUBLISHINO
No. 711.
Receipts.
$85.00
17.05
"undies .... Tl'ir
Directory 'J™
Ads      SA°
Oram from Maintenance Fund
tse.*6
11.40
111.86
Kdltlng ^"^ • Wg
Printing and mailing • mw>
$98.85
CLARION FUND.
(Maintenance.)
Note,~An error was «?•*••» «*
rented report under thlt b*tdtog last
issue. The grant from thla *»* *
the Publishing Account should have
been 111,16, and the Prtatn^Bt*
Inn ot No. 710 should have been 190,00
Instead of $91.«5. The Balance of the
Maintenance Fund on hand Sept. n
would be tt under:
Bal. on hand Sent, 27	
British Celumbla.
J- Rolls  '10°
Mrs. Pstaold  ,■••
B. uj  - *-°°
Local Van.fiNo. 1, Ass't. .... 5.70
Local Fernle No. 17, do 600
Local Victoria No. «, do 2.50
Local Crawford Bay, 61, do 1.10
Local Nakusp No. 74, do..... 1.00
Local Olbsons Und'g 49 do 7.80
Local 80. Ft. George. 61, do 1.40
.16.15
Alberta.
local Ostgsry No. 4 10.00
Local Bdmonton No.l. Asst 5.00
l^ocal Red Deer No. 11, do... 1.00
A. Budden 60
M. Adit (day't pay)  2.10
F. N. Lewis  LOO
-928.00
McGsitom. Brat.
Ontario.
10.70
1.00
Bd. Clarion—Your communication
(with Executive resolution enclosed)
to hand, and had matter up for discussion at business meeting, but
attendance, wss so meagre that really
we did not take a definite stand,
further than to endorse the action of
the Executive.
Tbe proposition Is limply tills: tbat
this local being without permanent
headquarters, the business Is practically being done by the few, and these
tame few, realising the proposition
that the Executive, and especially
yourself, sre up agalntt, then siting up
what membership we could really depend upon to come through with
assessment, the sum totalled so small
we felt BShgmed to send It, so we
voted to send 910, and tn tbe meantime, when we can get a little more
time to discuss the matter, probably
we may make a suggestion to tbe
Executive for this reason.
Probsbly you are aware that we
hsve s provincial amassment on now,
ln an endeavor to establish * permanent provlncisl secretary who has not
to find It necessary to rustle a master
In order to get hay snd oats. The
amount of work attached to thlt office
demanda this, but although all loeata
endorsed by referendum this step, It
It evident that they are very slow ta
cotntnr, through with the cash, snd tn
applying this experience to Clarion
assessment we feel It In our bones
that your effort will not be responded
to satisfactorily. However, s strenuous effort hss to be made tbat will
bring forth satisfactory results, snd
all active members of the party must
retlite It is up to them to do the Job.
My suggestion to the local here ts
thst we contribute a day's pay each
month until the paper gets going
better (that ia all who have the loan
of a Job), or else make tt a point of
ruatllng a similar amount from stiffs,
or sympathisers of any kind.
I enclose day's par sad will make
It a point of sending simitar amount
each month I have the Job—also two
yearlies.      H. APIE.
WINNIPEG.
Winnipeg Socialists are looking tor
ward to an active winter's propaganda.
Recently the members of Local No. 1.
S P of C, and the members of tbe
8 D. R met ta the Trades Hall to
consider a plan tor a Joint headqusr-
tera. and the result augured favorably
for      the       proposal Comrades
Stebbtngt, Breexe. Peterson sad Mc
Ontcheoa are credited with having
hsving Initiated the move, which is
being vigorously pushed by a Joint
committee ot both parties.
For more than a year the Winnipeg
local of the 8. P. of C. has lacked a
suitable headquarters. Enthusiastic
meeting!, held oa the market square
everytoe Snndey night, have borne
witness to tbe vigor and persistence of
Individual comrades, but the want of
an adequate general meeting place has
been heeely felt. The same may he
said of the Social Oetnocrata. They
have. Indeed, been occupying some
rooms In North Winnipeg, but they
were unsatisfactory and dear So the
plan to cooperate In eatebllshtag a
joint besdquarters ^ betag eageriyen-
domed by members of both parties.
In order to avoid frtcttaa and preserve the Identity of tbe l^«»v »
third body, to be known ss the win
nlpeg Socialist Club, will be created
according to present tsmtt4A*tosa. Ito
functions will be to provide facilities
for social and Intellertual Intercourse
between Socialists. As a body. It wtl
have aothlnt to do with controversial
msttara Moreover. It will welcome
Into Its membership any one tmmteSg
Interested In Socialism, ^ether he is
prepared to call himself t Socialist
or not We, hone that many tuch ner-
•ont wilt be rradusted from the club
into the parties. ^ pBRCy ^
Por the Recommendation Committee
EBERS TAKth SMIL'S PLACS.
Comrade Fred Kbers has bean elect
ed to take the place of August Bebel
as one of the chairmen of the party
executive committee. This office In
Germany la called chairman of the
oerty. The executive committee ot
the Socialist psrty consists of the executive officers. They all work In one
building and may hold **tcutlve sessions at any time. The wmmlttee eon-
ttsts of two chairmen, tour secretaries,
one treasurer and two tdvlsoryjasm-
bert who are slso px^mntoyaiSBd
heads ot departments. Tb«.party^ead-
quarters are located In the Vorwsert
bulldlnc at Berlin. ^^^I<*»^f1
meets In Berlin so that a party official
may also be a member of the parliament without being taken away from
hie duties—Ex.	
An election has recently been held
tn France for the selection ot *«P»";
mental officers. France It not divided
Into states, as "our" country, but special sections are called departments,
The Socialists nominated 488 constituencies Where, tha Socialists made
contests, they polled a total of 611.544
votes. They secured control of tne
districts of Lille and Doual.—Ex.
It la generally the man who doesn't
know any better who does the things
that "can't be done," You see. the
blamed fool doean't know that It can t
done, ao he goes ahead and doea It.
You can get subs If you don't know
that tt can't he dona.
Com. O'Brien sends the Intimation
that I^ocal Red Deer ta going to run
a candidate ta the Dominion election.
They are the first to announce the Intention.
FACT8 FOR RAILWAY WORKERS
By W. E. Hsrdsnbura
The figures of ths Dominion	
of 1911 as well sa special reports for
1912 are now becoming available, aad
they serve to give some Idea ot the
tremendous expansion and development of Industry tbat are taking place
in Canada today. They make clear
the fact that our much Taunted "prosperity" is confined to but a small fraction of ths people—a fraction thai
holds the great mass of the workers
In thrall and exploits them year after
year with an ever intensified severity.
Let us examine the figures for tha
railways of Canada, for tbs year and.
Ing June 30th. 1912. The total capital
liability Is:
Stocks    $770,469,161
Funded debt „    818,47s,»If
BBITISH
uii , i1 1 sara
COLUMBIA.
PAGE THREE
salaries and wagea bill (Including general officers) to the grots tannings,
was 40.01 while in 1911 lt had de
created to 39.79.
The following table abows the average yearly compensation of the creators ot this wealth (including general
officers) for the past tlx yaara:
No. of Total Av.
Workers Pay Was*
124,012      58,719,492    9473.60
Year
1907
1908
ltvt
1910
1911
1913
Total _.„ ......fl,58l,937,$77
That this enormous capitalisation
hat not been accumulated entirely
through the brain-work of the capitalist* who own these railways Is apparent when we come to consider the
government aid they have enjoyed.
This amounts to the following sums:
CsshSuheMiss
(Excluding loans snd subscriptions)
Donates  3128.498.701.76
Provtaoes  —    il,8»6,486.1l
Municipalities     13.307434.M
Total
Dominion	
Provinces  	
Quebec (later)
 .3174,200,611.90
Land Grants
Acres
   .....J1.8*4,074
 .24.187,981
  6,450,874
«2*03,93»
Total 	
It is difficult to select a figure that
will be a fair estimate of the value of
these enormous land grants. Thos.
the grant of the Province of Quebec
of 12,«26,949 acres (Included under the
head of "Provinces") waa nearly all
resold by the railway com pontes to
the government at 62 cents per acre.
This, however, does not apply to tha
subsequent grant by thla Province
noted underneath. On the other hand,
mott of the land held by the railway
companies ta the West is priced at
from |15 to $25 per acre, and of tail,
the Canadian Pacific alone still held
in 1909. 8.437,594 acres of land ta the
prairie provinces and 4,603,506 aorta
in British Columbia, having already
sold lands to the value ot $13,760,783.
To be reasonable, then, tat us say tha
value of this land was $6 per acre.
Then the total value of the land grants
would amount to $311514,198.
Hence, tbe total value of the gifts
of cash and land to the railways war*
as follows:
. $174,300,611.90
106,404 «0,37«,«O7 667.42
126406 <3,S1«,662 606.30
133,763 67,107,793 643.69
141,224 74,013,733 628.31
156,901 87400,689 569.96
There to no need to comment upon
thla The facta alone are sufficient
They shew a clear decrease in amass
since 1903 and this ln spite of the
targe increase pf net earnings tor the
same period, aa given above. What
makes things still more Interesting—
for the workers—ta the tact that the
cost of living, ss shown by ths reports
of the Department of Labor at Ottawa
baa Increased during thto period to aa
extraordinary degree '
It may also be noted that the above
table includes general officers, whose
number fluctuated around 333 tor tha
six-year period snd whose salary rase
from $11.74 per day la 1907 to $13.47
ln 1913. Were these expensive officers
eliminated from our table, the wag* of
the bone-fide worker would appear, at
tt really is, much tower than hers
given.
. From the above and other figures, I
have complied g table, given below,
which abows bow the products of the
workers sre distributed. It should be
noted, however, that tbe term "operating expenses other than wages" includes a variety of items, ranging tram
injuries to the person, to industrial
and immigration bureaus—ln short, everything spent on the operation of the
roads, either directly or indirectly,
such as legal expenses, pensions, traffic associstlons, advertising, repair snd
renewals of equipment ate. Indeed,
it ta difficult to aay whether much of
the new equipment ta not really paid
for out of current revenue aa "operating expenses" aad at the same time
covered by a new issue of stock.
Cash subsidies
Land Orsnta ....
318.614,616.00
Hi
Si
81!
1
is?
CSV
Is
Si*
w5
■ft
ow
tr^ev
Total .  „.$486,716406.»t
This sum is no less than 30 per cent
of the entire capital liability ot the
railway*—$1,588,937,877—which, aa we
shall see later, looks very much aa If
lt contained a large proportion ot water.
In addition to this aid. the Dominion snd the Provinces have, during
1913, guaranteed bonds aa to principal and tateraat to the amount of
$245,070,046—an Increase ot $96,733,
688 over 1911.
Tbe following table, which* I have
complied makes manifest the grounds
upon whlcb a belief that tha capital
liability may Include a large quantity
of water may rest:
Tear   Mileage     Cap. Llab.     Cap. Lta.
per mile
1880 - 7194 $ 370.617.498 337.617
1890 ...13161 606,063,093      46,008
1900 ...17657 784.048,799      44,404
1912    .26727       1,688.937,877      50.883
It may be noted that ta 1913 a deduction of $344,821,020 ban been made
from the capital liability at here given
tor duplications and for government
lines. This deduction was not made
ta tbe figures for the preceding years,
and hence the real capital liability
per mile for these years would be
somewhat less than shown.
These figures show a great Increase
In capital liability per mile and are
strongly auggestlve of water stock and
other processes of high, finance In the
United States. This suggestion to
strengthened by the fart that subsequent to June 30th. 1913. an additional capital liability of $60,000,000
waa incurred by the Canadian Pacific
alone In the shape of an issue ot new
shares snd a proposal for a further
Issue of $100,000,000.
It may be that these new processes
In financing are the natural consequences ot Canada's much heralded
"prosperity." Let us Investigate the
profits "made" by these "chevaliers
d'industrle.'
Net Net      %t»et <X,n«t
Tear    Earning*   Karnlnsa to gross ezp.
par mile
in m m
1907 1183.35 36310 340.05 473.50 40%
1908 1380.75 441.03 37130 507.43 41%
1909 1159.48 330 JO 323.38 505.30 43%
1910 1406.60 430.14 433.67 64169 33%
1911 1336.41 399.51 408.67 63813 39%
1913 140713 406.86 440.52 559.96 39%
Tbese figures seem to show pretty
conclusively where tbe "prosperity" of
Canada goes, as between the railways
and the railway workers. Greet, how-
aver, as this exploitation is, it appears
to be exceeded In the United States
and the United Kingdom, aa shown In
tbe following comparative table:
TJJs.
TJ.Kins
dom
ISIS    1*11    ltll
Net capitalisation
per mile ot line .50,833 59146 275,166
Qroas earnings per
mile of line 8J09 11189   26.435
Operating expenses per mile ot Une 5,«39   7.958   16138
Net earnings par
mile of line 2.570   3,631   10,097
Ratio expenses to
earnings ta % — 09%    09%'    63%
Average   recelpta
per   train   mile,
total traffic—.... 3.13 313 1.44
However, considering tbe present
rapid rate at which the Canadian railways are developing, lt will probably
not be long before they reach the same
high degree ot efficiency In exploitation
tbat American roada now possess.
Indeed, tt Is probable that they will-
even surpass the latter ln time, since
here, ln Canada, we have really only
three railways »f Importance, but they
are all now, or soon will be. transcontinental roads, and as ta natural, their
stse will enable them to effect many
economies that will be Impossible for
smaller railways, as many of ths American roada are.
But Just ta proportion as their efficiency ta exploitation lacrosses, so
will more and more ot the workers become Intelligent enough to demand the
total abolition pt all exploitation and
the Introduction ot the Social Commonwealth, to which this era of concentration and development ta a necessary
prelude.
1907
$42,898,642
$1916
39
41
1908
39,614.171
1736
37
37
1909
40,456,353
1678
28
39
1910
63,550.777
3165
31
44
1911
57,698,709
2272
31
44
1913
68,677.313
3570
31
45
THE WAY TO POWER
J. B. OSBORNE.
(Continued from last Issue.)
It it true that the boon of labor have been reduced and that ths ntaoat
have assisted in this reduction, but it it also true that we nave a constantly
larger unemployed population than ever before, and that tbe waac^orfcing cum
produces more wealth tmt ita own in eight hours than it formerly did in fourteen
or fifteen horn. t
Unionism grew naturally out of the cmahtaxu in which it found itself
in capitalist society, and has been useful aad Decenary. However, union men
at a whole are becoauag more and more coascious of the l^t'tmi of the
power of unionism as far at ht economic advantage, or power, is coaccrited.
Tbe prime factor that hat made necessary the reduction of the noun of
labor and increase of the wages of tbe working class under capkatam with
its speeding up process, has been the phenontaaal development of the forces
of capitalist production. The high standard of productive efitatatay to be
maintained by the working clam in the main would require a high standard of
living, hence, higher wages. The high standard of orodaruve efienmey
developed by the working class under capdahtm it likewise rfniomiSb funds*
mentally for the reduction of the hour* of tabor. If all the workers should
work fourteen or fifteen hours a day aad maintain the tame spaed that they
do now in eight hours or nine boars, tbe army of the unemployed would not
only grow so large as to become dangerous, but there would be a contmaal
panic caused by the production of sb much surplus product
Notwhlutanding these fscts. the capitalist claw has tteadtty Mtamd to
increase wages or reduce hours. There has been a continuous dash bttwsas
tbe organized capitalists on one hand and organized laborers on the other, aad :
organized labor has been helpful and successful in forcing riiniistisai from
the employing clam tbat ware already an economic necessity to caprtahst
production itself.
The wage-wocking clam has no economic power under **riftiVrr. dm
labor-power of Ihe working dam only funrtmuhg in production at ths bidding
snd to the interest of tbe capitalist Since the capitalist class owns dm took
of production snd the raw materials used ia production, it follows it likewise
owas all the labor-power used in production.
Labor-power, therefore, only functions in capitalist production sfter it is
bought as a commodity by the capitalist clsss. and therefore, itself
*     BEBEL'S MEMOIRS.
Before his death. Babel had published two volumes ot bis memoirs sad
waa working on tbe third and last.
In his will be directs that Karl Kaut-
sky shall add what lt necessary to the
last volume aad oversee tbe publishing ot the book. Only one volume baa
been translated snd published ln English—Ex.
"It ta the part of politicians to purr.
It ts tbe part of whipped doga to
whine. It ta the part ot men In the
face ot oppression to fight and protect
their Interests and the Interests ot
their children to the uttermost That
long predicted war between those who
make the wealth ot tha world and
those who take the wealth ot the world
Is here. THE REVOLUTION which
we have longed tor as a peaceful ad-
a. .111 »«. M..4II. .».„  t..M 1. . lustment ot our trouble* Is here In
As will be readily teen, here ta a ^^ Md ^y,    ft ta arorktagHstaas
steady rate of increase In profits, ac- blood.—Ex.
comoanled by a ateady decrease ta the     A special election to fill the aeat tn
workarf share ot what they have pro- tlm ptjfllsamht.of 0*™"* »td* Ta-
j..»-j    •Ft.** «. .h„». ...... k. it. 'tnt by the death ot August. Bebel has
duced.   Thto to shown again by the ^^ ^ for ^^^ 17. Bebel rep-
I fact that tn 1907 ths ratio Of tha total resented a Hamburg dlatrlct--Bx.
just at much a part of tbe capital of the capttalut class as do the tools and
the raw matorials. -     • ^
For example, if a capitalist concern has one million of capital to invest
in n hsoTmtai    Then say. five hundred thotaand in the plant «^t«^*r*g build
ings and machinery, two hundred thousand in raw materials, aad threel
thousand m labor-power, it it easy to tee tbat tbe three hundred thousand „
invested m labor-power it a part of the total capital, and further, that the
seven hundred thousand invested ia nmchmery and raw material ens only
transfer its value into seven hundred thousand of commodities, bat the three
hundred thousand invested in tabor-power is diferent in this—-that the commodity, tabor-power, not only hsntfers three hundred thousand dollars value
into commoditiet, but transfers two or three times that value into toe cosamo-
dities produced.
As long as labor-power it a commodity it becomes evident that all
economic power will reside with the capitalist 'class. *
CHAPTERVX
INTELLECTUAL POWER.
We have just noted by a short analysis that all the cconoaac power
oVveloped by capitalist prc<luctiMi b approp^ated by i]k wrjitalirt dass. We
have also previously noted in a brief way the influence of the mind—or human
intelligence—ss s contiibuting factor and a necessary one in the development
of the forces of capitalist production. However, the growth and dcedopmtat
of- the human mind and the social advantage arising therefrom cannot continually be appropriated by tbe capitalist dam, but on the contrary becomes
the most powerful inttnonent of tbe working dam in its own enuuotipaiifm. in
democratizing, or socializing, all the progress of tbe race and all the benefits
of the new, highly developed forces of production.
Material civilization can mean nothing else than the conquest of all the
forces of nature and their utilization for the benefit of ■"•nVfry*, Just at it
has beta tbe mission of the capitalist dam to bring shout the utilisation of
these conquered and developed natural resources for the benefit of its dam,
and just as the intelligence of man bat been used to batten the evolution of
the wild apple, the wild banana, and the wild orange, into more useful and
valuable cotnmodibcs; and just at the intelligence of man it used to bastes
tbe evolution of the development of tbe capitalist forces of production in the
conquest and utilization of the forces of nature, just so the mtelligence of the
working clam must be the most potential factor in twinging about the utilization
of all the progress made in production and te possibilities for the benefit of all
mankind, and just as the capitalist viewpoint of society hat for a long tune
permeated the minds of the people of dl capitalist nations, just to in its
turn the working dam view-point—the view-point of the philosophy of social
democracy—will permeate the whole of society. And while k may not be'
accepted by all, all will be affected by it
The development of the working-dam viewpoint has procetdml rapidly
throughout tbe entire world, and came at a result of the working dam environment in capitalist production. The further development of this view-point or
the mtdlecttmi ability of the working clam to be able to analyze the mode
of modern production, and to be able to discover its place in society as a class,
as well as its historic mission in social devdopment, it the object and purpose
of the Socialist propaganda in every country of tbe world. For this reason we
print tracts and leaflets for distribution, publish newspapers—dairy aad weekly
—magazines, periodicals, pamphlets and books, by the millions, and so thoroughly hat this been done that the reading population in every country of the
vrorid hat already felt the intellectual effect of the literature of Sntialaas It
has been said that the tun never seta 00 the Socialist propaganda. No mttku-
bioo or association hat been able entirely to escape the literature and propaganda
of the philosophy of social democracy.
Most of the protestors of the great universities of the world, to a great
degree at least accept the Socialist philosophy, and every great daily paper, or
weekly, or monthly periodical, hat been compelled to take notice of dm evergrowing envelopment of this great working dam movement
In the social evolution of the distant past just as the intellect played a
small part in assisting the economic development and at the present time plays
an exceedingly large part, just so in Ac past the intellect played a very small
part in the solution of the economic or social problems, but in the present and
future must play an ever-increasing larger part
In the past individuals and classes solved their differences with clubs,
spears, javdins, bows and arrows, and later by shot and shell. However, the
claw antagonisms settled by them methods were settled only to arise again m
the antagonisms of ether and newer classes.
During the recent Lawrence strike, when the manufacturers had the
government of Ihe State to send State troops to Lawrence, one of the strike
leaden made this retort: "You cannot weave cloth with bayonets." That it
true. It it equally true that you cannot build an industrid or social democracy
with bayonets, dynamite or nitre-glycerine. A social democracy cannot appear
until the intellectual development of society, as well at the economic basis of
society, is tuch at to make anything elm impossible but democracy. For this
reason, the power of the working dass it in its intellectual devclcpment rather
than in bayonet or giant powder.
If the serfs of feudalism could have overthrown the aristocracy by physical
force, they could not have established a democracy, because they had not the
economic or intellectual foundation for democracy. If the slave* of the Southern States by physical force could have overthrown the slave-owning society and
the general government, they would have been incapable of establishing a
democracy.
The working dass is developing the ability not only to emancipate itself,
but the whole of society, from classes and class antagonism, and the best interest
of ihe working clam lies, not only in the abolition of class society, but the accomplishment of tbat purpose by conscious, organized intelligence, employing as
peaceful methods at are provided.
One evidence of tbe development of the working class viewpcmtjiterBt-
tionally it that dm capitalist governments of the world find it very Yam to get
working men who will terve in the army and navy. The united States, for
instance, is expending tome millions of dollart annually advertising for men to
enlist in the army and navy, betides raising the wages formerly paid. It w also
further evirtanced by the Socialist workmen of the Scandinavian countries refusing to fight one another a few yean ago. thereby preventing nstasml warfare.
The Socialist workmen of Germany. France ant! England have just reoantly
entered a vigorous protest against those countries troing to war with 1
(To be Continued)
•salsa
•jBaaams
.' iii i'Ti'T ' iTwaWaxtaawatiij". i'' i lai'iia l.
aw—■
PAGE FOUB
THE WESTERN  CLARION. VANCOUVER   BRITISH OOLtJMBIA
8ATUBUAT
THE IRON HEEL
BY   JACK   LOXDOK
>
Tina ataty at
fseat to th* i*mn of aa old oak at
to he written br Arte Evcrbard, wife at Eraaasi
. Ida lite ia lit ftrat presetariaa revolt ta ISXX.   Tber
ef tnis first aaristas of ta* worker*, wtjfca waa awa-
~ !y «rr*ai*ed as4 aMreUeaa coercive tercaa «f
tt time    Tt*r t«H alae of a aatwul twvatt ta
ta tbe ofilataa of the aataoraa*. orUJ prove a
sawveS ta kc a fattaie. ana It la talents* ta fee at
anpiis iwaann ot tbe worker*
s sajaaeiaad
uSottoTal
lodge aa*
Kvc/tiard,
Mil Ot LB*
pr*as«0 fey
t£* rwltag
ooatsaaataCta*,
swxtaa.    That." b
Use Case <rf swat i
<j*t»*iu»i by taa BawaaL -
Tbe sta*T apewa wStfc U>* account of tbe first
Arf* i*d Ereet* Brat herd. w'aieA taa** place la her father** bom* la
U* rear 1S1 J. whae ha ia isvited ta a dtaaer at which tfea majority of
ti. **t irijwm are merlea, aVarla* taa repaet. Saracet b draws into tbe
owsrinsatt— ad m» swrowss. art* rataer look ujwo Wat wJtb etadalB-
ffcrwevcr. he attacfea tlws* fearJeavly *ad clear! r. as* ta tbe verbal
battle be shows Mmsitf ator* Sbea able to held bit grew**. Bishop
Morefcaaac to ta* aadr aee ef Uic eJerie* wha «xtu**s«a hia wtntagtawa
to agala asset ate iliassiiiuin of tbe cacse of taker. Be to agate prea-
m oa ta* mniilia at E.orbard* teooed visit, wfcae Avto accaass
Erooot of ta*a*ssteg etas* hatred la a book whlcb be baa written.
This he dceta*, seat daricg th* coeveraatloa liStia* the dUteraae*
betweea ~rlaaa batrasr an* "lb* rtaat-atragglc.-
Plaaily a* SBBwawaawa th* BUhop ta follow alta threat* th* lada*.
tnal fceil. and to afterwards expose th* coaAlttows wblca he wtll sad
tsere. waralag feast Chat tn d» ao will result le bis dtocharca fms the
Church. Atria eaataa ta the saatotaar* of the Bishop, aad Earnest can*
t«r atteatio* ft* Che tact that *b* an* her father ere Uvteg eat Stvt-
d*nds derive* KssS th* Sierra Mttte, aa* that th* vary rfstbss aba
»**r» art.  Iitogtos wtth bamaa t|*od.
£>uriog ta* hteefc to the converse*!** caas»d by his
appears at tha tawat of th* beaw* a large, poeriy draeeed
lag a toad of racta** aad aaaafeo* latttalwork. SCraaat potato
j»-A*o*, wha Sttitoaalr worked ta ths mcrra Mills until be tost bis
ua ta th* BatrMnart. and. owtag to the assart l*sa) taloat al the 41»-
vomai ot tfc* IB t ■ **■*. aad the cotvaaete* ertdesce of th* WkUl fora-
ntaa. etc he we* **fr*#*-* la bis atuxspt te sate rnai**ssaHsa Avto
itrcstigatas the cat* oa ber own aecenat. aad recti*** a*or* tha*
raStetot proof at? the tea visa psmtto* of all the arill workers aad tee
rjtbleaaooaas at Capital Blck aad shuddering frosa aer tipcwwa ber
ofasiea ot ■"■HhSId satdentee* a ehaos*-
Evsraard ta toot tad to address tbe Philomaths, a club of the most
we-Jtby aad tftimtitflirrl** on the PaelSe ChMI. the expectation botaa
  Th* expectation to aot real-
" at th*
h* will provtt* then: vrlth _
tacJ    Instead at? feHac aasased they arc ataraaad aad
spaeteei* of the ewasat* rvvolotloa portrayed to
defiant aSdnta
ptaixorat?    There   taxas   taste
ljutghter te b*B at tfc* statuses*.*
-Xetwrthahsmv tr wSl
tmprtasansL. etau the
tislghl- I
-Thtah aer
op Itoijnaon; U. H Jons*, the head of
the ethtcal e^martment ta tbe Cslrer
sfty of Califerata; Mrs. W. W. liftrd.
ithe ereet charttr ofxamtaer;    PUUp
Ward, the eoaaUy  gnau  phltanthro-
ptat; aad several I astir taaataartaa ta
the Seta of eaorsitty aad charity. Btab
op Morehouee arote and nbraptty be S tagly-
gaa: |   Tt wfB atahe a
~1 was ta say  brosBhatn.    drfvtag sorted    -Dltta\ ten taw th*
taraeah th* street*. It was night-time   teribattag   its*   set*!   whB*
.Vow as1 than I looked throash the l speahhurr
csrrtoge windows, and snddealy say {     Not a See of wnteh wBS
«>•*# seexned to be opened, and I saw totawrrvwta aaeert.-
thtaga aa they rentty in.   At flrat I     ~->«mt watt and see,
covered say arts «m£ my heads to    Not a Bae. ant a
ta* to a c*rt*ta degree: the electing of a
pwpv aa spiritual descendant of Peter
: we* tampte. while the granting htm of
reatalea tatwrad an tacoste.
The nominating of priests had been
practiced ta Kgypt for   ages,  whoa*
J graregaUTes descended from tather to
ac*; snd th* rerers* of thto had oc-
.jp. ruiTee ta the ancient republlca ta Italy
and   Oraeee.   where   they   appotawd
kiatjt whoa* duties were solely   ra-
s.tagte»m.—tCrant Alton.)
The part whlcb the Pope would ptay
fta thto position would be the appoint-
iateat ef cardtaata aa required by the
taat b*.-' dtxtareat states, whlcb ta done today
The daily
ta Betasa Catbobc countries.
ae* set acouataffd wtth tha Greek
thst sat the awfa! tight, aad then, te' uttered.   The dally
.the darkaeaa.  the onesttan came to Buppremeg*!" ... ^   -  .        »
e: What ta to be done?   What ta to     "But ihe retxsrtera,*' I ehtected   n{ Chmrrh. bat I know that the Sultan of
i'be done?   A tittle later the question taw them." Turttey  Is the head of th* Moslem
cease to me te another way: What "Sot a word that be ottered wta i Chart*, the Eraperor of Japan bead
weuld she Maater do? And with the tee print. Tea have forgotten tbe|sf *he Jananate church, the king to
question a syeat light aeetaed to SBjedhora, They draw tbetr *t*xrtas fieri the aet^ of the Charch of itagtand,
tbe ptaee. and I saw my duty see-clear..the policy they Batetata Their5 •"hk* rovers the British Binplra, etc..
as Baal saw bto on the way to Dun- policy to to print nothing that k a^*«- e*^ nnd aa the other Protestant
'ascot. vital stiiatr* to th* tttttihshnd   The;t*,I**rt*" lt to tafe to say that th*
"I ttojn**! the carrtase. got out. aad  ruahop-a   wtteraac*   waa   a   rtaSrat i apmAtmeats to high poarttaas ta the
after a lew minutes' eonveraation. per-1 aaeAult apaa the nstsbSshetl morality, s cbanrhes rest wtth the state.    This
.ffifttegR 84. ttfl
A Good Ptac* to Est at
Mulciihy'sCafeteria
1*7 Cordova Street W*,t
B^rf^tSa*d,Prop#rl'
EVEllYBODY
It Reading Them
lassrwattw tl Ueterss
Th* Saa Waif. Jack London
Sax Sclstbte, 4. ML Qraar ,. ,
«t
susded two of the public w<
teto the brougham with me.
to get
If Jeeot
It wss heresy.    They tad him from
the   ptatforat  to  praveat   him   from
was right, then these two anfortanate* uttering mora heresy. Th*
were sty staters, and the only hope ef pepers will purge hta heresy te the
their pwriScatton was ta my aSecttan obUvton of sitoaec. The pries ef th*
sad tendt-rata*. Inlted   State*?     ft   ta   a   paratttic
~l live ta one of the taraHeet local! • growth that fattens en tbe cap
ties of <taa r.^aoctaeo. Tbe keese ic Italia* ctaas. Its fancttaa ta to
which I five ccet a hundred tnonaaad | serve   the   established   by
Tt
CHAPTBm vl fCtaBlliinad)
waa a bribe,'' tether protested;
Srnest aoditod
"Atac th* beggar said that there
was talk, tek-tnbte sawatp aad so forth.
about my etaagdrter aeaag seen ta pah-
He with so Botortaes a camncter as
yoa. and that tt waa aot te keepteg
with university time aad dignity. Hot
fast be peraoaaOr ehteeted—oh. ao:
bat that there, waa task snd that I
thto aaaoenee-
tt for a momast. and thee said.
1 hta face was very grave, withal
e sosobre wrath in tt:
There to more bskted this than n
aaere university MasL   Boeaeoae staa
pat pressure on rtatHsat WUcox.*
Tta yes think aaV father asked,
and ate tee* showed that he was interested rather than frightened.
• 1 wish I could taster to you the
that IS wBBty forming in
par sstad," Ernest saM. "Never ta the
htatory of tha werld mas soetety te so
tsevtae a Sax aa It to right aow. The
smttt change* ta «ar iadaetrfal system
are cansfag ranaPy swfft changes ta
pttatlenl and social
sad fearful rota tahtag ptac* fa the fibre
sad strectar* of society. One eon
only dimly feel these tbtngn But they
are ta the air. bow. today. One can
tewf the loom of rata* things vast,
and terrible. My mind recoils
raitataptatlo* of what they may
cryateBUe teto. Ton heard Wlckaon
fate the otmar alght Baafnd what be
asafi mere the asm* pamslsss, formless
thtegs that I taal. tie spoke out of a
aaxaaremmcioas tppreheataon of them."
Tea mesa . . . T father begaa
thea paaaad.
*T m=aa tbat there to a shadow of
»K*»a,iTLS!
Urn tend fJatl tt the shadow of an cliff yon wiH; tt to the aeareat
spprortatsts tt. What Its na-
tnre may be f refase to tmagine Bat
what I waated to say was this: Ton
are la a perflon* poatttoa-s peril that
tap eera fear enhances because I am
net able seen to staatmre It Take
tsy advte* and accept the »acaUou."
"Bat tt would ha eomsrdly," was the
*aaaXalhdi^B\swaV
"Wot at all. To* sre am old man
::Tnn hsve dose year work In tbe world.
SBd s grant work, lasawe the present
pBttls to yoath aad strength. We
yosmg feflows bare osr work to do.
rto wttl stand by my side hi what
to com*. She «f0 he your rapre-
sewtaOve la th* tmtth>frwi "
■'. "Bat they caa't hart sss," father ob-
Jseted. Thank Odd. I am tedepsn-
dent Oh. I ssssra yew, I know the
frightful psrseenttoa tmty can was*
a irafossor who 1* economically
en bto anlreralty. Bat I
',*** iadamaneent I hate not been a
^'ispsfostor far the sake of my salary.
f sss get along racy comfortably oa
say own tocome, and the salary Is all
they ess take away flam me
-*Bmt to yon mat reaBBS," Eraett answered. If all that I itaar h* ao, yonr
prtoste tncame. yonr aetaclpal itself,
can ha tekea from ysti fast as easily
at yonr astery."
you?" 1
tsy amita was the
aaxtaty of love.
"Not I," he taaghed bach. 1 may ha
executed, or saaaasteated, but I shall
aster be crnclSed. I am atanted too
solidly and stolidly apon the earth."
"Bat why thru Id yoa bring about
tbe erucittxhx. of the Btehop?" I asked  and greater dismay and
*fVM    _rfif    mm*    *—■*.    .k*.    *^m    *.—.   .a..     AmJ     mt     »B.ia     Mia.     BaWI
dottara, aad ft* furntabtag*. books, and | public opraloc. And right well It
works of art ccet as much more. Tbe j serve* It
bouse Is a mansion. No. It ta a pal-i "Let aw prophesy.
ace, wherein there arm many servants »papers will merely
I never knew what satacea war* apod j Bishop ta ta poor health, that he has
for. I had tboagfat they war* to lire: been working too hard, and that he
ta Bat aow I know. I took the two brake down teat alght Tbe next men-
of the street to ay palace, sad < tic*, seme days bene*, will be to the
he gaa* teto further tt I hare ao
at hand to tarlfy It
So the combination la bare.
Let an bbBbbBW patriotism as such
la ita tone aad simple form It la
tor* for one's home and family
th** place where one waa reared, hat
(be swetatlon of society baa takea us
ithreegh the honor and glory of
tribe*, etc. to the upboMtag of tbe
hta* or state, th* Sag and the country.
In th* etotetten of
that th* on*, a god of war, after absorbed teto
i a* has}'**- on* Ood. thl Lord of Hosts, who
of the "they are going to stay with ste. I hope
ito Alt every room la my palace with
such staters aa they."
The vtsteaee   had   been growteg
mora aad more
and the face* of those that sat on the
platform bad been betraying grestet
effect that he ta suffering from ner-
i-cjt proat ratio* sad baa been given
took oeer hta dattoa. 1 aere was atoo
the belief that death te battle waa th*
only sera way to
We may aerer have heard It actually
preached, bet mark thto. that wa da
To* will not deny that yoa are the
of It"
"Why tsboold I leave one comfort-
ol is comfort when there are
milltoas ta travail and mtoeryr be de-
msnded back.
"Because I am not n pure, exalted
soeL" area th* answer. "Because I am
toUd and stolid aad selfish Because
1 lore yon, and. like Both of old, thy
people are my peopta.    As for the
Bishop, he has no daughter.   Beside*, weak, the stab, and the aged; they are
Ha was
see th* lie** ol
"I than aot take
samsed again.  -I
hook   To* may h*
er yoa are wtong or
stsad by my awns"
"All right" xMweat SBld.
tfMrsllteg the
* tea* minute*
and I could
forming In
He
on with my
but whetb-
t I shsll
amwa     wawtwar     assa^awaBBawat     am
Toi	
Ton are
that Bishop
sntseh-op.   fouTI both h* proietartans
smfore yos're dan* wtth tt"
flta nrntasrahltus taajssd upoa the
Batbop. sad we got Mpt to explain
w**t bt had bswB.detorwith him.
"Ha Is soelStch tratjl the Journey
fthrough bad I BATe gtaen him   I took
roaghShs hOBMsaf s few of our
■ waraara    I showed him th*
Z^aal4u1*ama*K!$Zr
wa>-^# BB aWaatoWB    t*BS«a    BSB^bf     «FBBaw^BaBBB^BB^BB>     sjaaja.     *HV,II
ittas   1 totfc atas through the
of Saa fxasxatoes, aad In drun-
md criminality
caass than innate
vsrf akfk, and worse
no matter bow small the good, never
thelees hta little Inadequate wall will
be productive of some good ta the revolution, and every little bit counts."
1 could not agree with Ernest. I
knew well the noble nature of Bishop
Morehouse, aad I could not conceive
that hta voice raised for righteousness
would be no more than a little inadequate wafl. But I did aot yet bare
the harsh facte of Ufa at my fingers'
cauls aa Ernest bad. He saw clearly
the futility of the Bishop's great soul,
as coming events were soon to show
as clearly to me.
It waa shortly after this day that
Ernest told am, aa a good story, the
ettar be had received from th* government , tismely. an appointment na
Uaited States Coasmtostaner of Labor.
I wss overjoyed. The salary waa comparatively large, and would stake safe
oar marriage. And thee It surely was
congenial work for Ernest and. furthermore, my Jealous pride te him
made me ban the proffered appointment as a recognition of hta shuttles.
Then I noticed the twinkle ta hta
eyes   He waa toughing st me.
Ton are not going to   .  .   .
dine?" I quavered.
"It Is a bribe," be said "Behind it
to the fine band of Wtahaon, snd behind him tbe bands of greater men
than he. It Is an old- trick—steeling
the captains from the army of tabor.
Poor, betrayed tabor! If you bet anew
bow many of its leadens have bean
bought out in simitar ways ta the past
It Is cheaper, to much cheaper, to boy
a general than to fight him and bto
whole army. There waa—but IU not
call aay names. I'm bitter anoni
over It as It Is. Dear heart, I am a
captain of tabor. I could sot sell oat
If for no other reason, tbe memory of
my poor old tether aad the way be
Waa worked to death would praveat"
Tha test* were to bto eyes, thto
greet strong hero of mine. He i
could forgive the way bto tathar bad
been malformed—the sordid Ilea and
the petty thefts be bad been compelled
to, In order to put food to hta children's mouths.
"My tather was a good man," Ernest
once said to me. The tool of bins
was good, sad yet It waa twisted, aad
maimed, and blunted by the savagery
of kit Ufa. He was made late a bro-
headown beast by bis master, the
arekbeaste. He should be alive today.
Use your tether. He had a strong con-
stlttrtton. Bat ha was caught In the
■friHrtfft and worked to death—for
profit. Thtok of It. for profit—bto
life blood transmuted teto s wine-supper, or a Jewelled gewgaw, or
similar sense orgy of ths parasitic sad
Idle rich, bto mantel*, th* arch-beasts."
CHAPTCB VII.
Tfp*t    wttnCrfraP    Vf#ft*rfla
The Bishop to oat of hand.'' Braest
wrote me. "He Is clear ap In the air.
Tonight be to going to begin potting
to righto thla very miserable world of
ours. Ha to going to deliver bto message. Ha hss told me to, and I cannot dissuade him. Tonight he is dudr-
< man of the 1. P. H. aad ha win embody
his massage ta bto Introductory re-
And nt thla point Btehop lnckteaon
arose, and, with an siprtashm of dhv
guat oa bto face, fled from tact pbttform
and the ball Bat Bishop Motwhoose.
obUrtoue to aB. bto eyes sited with
hta vtaton, continued
"Oh. f latere aad brothers, la thto act
of mine I Snd the aolutkm of aB my
difficulties. I didal knew what
broughams were made for. hat now 1
know.   They are made to carry the
a racaiioa by bto grateful Sock. After aot bear either of sotdlera kitted to
that one of two thinav w... happen battle going to hell; R ta apparently
either the Btohop win see the error of sn anetaratood Ihhag. Thto ta the only
hta way aad return from hta vacation reward pettteta far one who dies for
a wen ma* la whose eyas there are
no more vtatoaa. or etae he wfll persist ta bto masarae. aad thea yon
may expect to see ta th* per***,
coached pathetically and tenderiy. the
anaoBncesaent of hta taaaatty. After
that he will be left to gibber hta
ritions to padded walta."
'Now there yon go too ter!" I cried
oat
"la the eye* of society it will truly
be Insanity.- he rcnttad. "What
honest man. who to net taaane. would could talk, whan ws were taught to
take lost women and thieves tato btajprny by oar mothers fbiese their
house to dwell with him atotarty and hearts*, when we were told of heaven
brotherly? True, Christ died betweea'and bell: when we ware seat to Sea-
two thieve*, bat that ta aaother story. 1 day school and told of the ancient ware
ina&aity? Th* axental priii isost offsf the Israelites; when we were takea
the man  with  whom ea* disagrees to church, aad that church may «vea
hta country.
See how far hamantty has
from th* simple forma, from tha revwr-
cace of one's aacentota aad tha tore of
oaaa borne, to the worship of
ancestor aad god aad the welfare of
aome others tetiltoii or property
Without ths conteaettoe of
sad state It would have bees
slbte to have drifted such ss illogical
proposJtieB tat* oar basds,   Tha pra
te show  honor to those who
have test the sense even of shsme.
"I did not know what palaces were
made for, but now I have found a use
for them. The palaces of the Church
should be tha hospitals aad nuraartos'are  always   wrong.     Therefore   the have been bang wtth military
for those who hove talien by the way
side snd are pertehiag."
Be mad* a long pease, plainly overcome by th* thought that waa ta htm.
and nervous how best to express It
"1 am sot St dear brethren, to tell
yon anything about morality. I have
lived ta shame and hypocrisies too
long to be able to help others; bet my
action with those women, sisters of
mine shows saa that the better way
la easy to Sad. To those who beheve
In Jesus aad hia gospel there can be
no other relation between man and
man than th* relation of affection
Love alone to stronger than Bin—
stronger than death. I therefore say
to the rich among yon that tt is their
duty to do what I have done and am
doing. Let each one of yon who Is
prosperous take Into hta bona*
thief aad treat him ss bto brother,
some anfortanate and treat ber aa hta
to de j stater, and Saa Pranctoco wm need
no police fore* snd no magistrates:
the prisons win be turned Into hospi-
tsto. aad th* criminal wM disappear
with bto crime
"We most give ourselves, snd aot
oar money alone. We mast do as
Christ dM; that to the meaaaga or tbe
Church today. We have wandered far
from the Msster't teaching. We are
consumed Is onr own flesh-pota. We
have pat Mammon te the place of
Christ I have here a poem thst tells
tha whote story- I should like to rend
tt to yoa. It waa written by aa erring soul who yet sow clearly. It mast
not be mistaken for ta attack upon
tbe Catbobc Church It te aa attack
apon all ckurcees. upoa the pomp and
spltndsr of aU churches tbat have
wandered from the Master's path, aad
hedged themselves ta from hta lambs.
Here tt to:
The tflver trumpets rang across the
r« that ha
ISO ctatttat
awrefy touched.
■, 'twpTwtstlesl,
of hand.  He
m been too so
S usual, be to
tha air with
snd plant
the cultured.
dgty to re-
spirit   of  th*
Its. Bieesags to
&:■■ ©YSirwrought.
"to break
to bt a
U take I
*.ts
Ml
;i
"stay I bring yoa to hoar Mm? Of
course, he to forYooamd to faWtty.
It will break yonr kaart-dt wtll break
hit; but for yoa it win be aa excelleat
object lesson. Tot snow, sear heart
how prond I am because yon love mo.
And because of that I want'you to
know my fullest value. I want to redeem, la yonr eyes, torn* tmsU measure of my unworthtoets, Aad to It ta
that my pride desires thst yon shsll
know my thinking tt correct sad right
My views sre harsh; the futility of so
noble a soul ss the Bishop will show
you tbe compulsion for tuch harsh-
mm So coma tonight. Sad though
*«• "«f*}'t happening will bt, 1 leal
that it will but draw yoa closer to m*."
.2?,*.1' £ "J** *» *»"*««tloB thst
btoht to Saa Irrssctoco. Thto conven,
ttoahad bsss called to coatldtr public
toMUtty sad the remedy f«, |t
Pgsp Morehouse presided. Hs was
a!SL flf »** tat <m tha pu*.
The people knelt upon tbe ground
wtth awe;
And borne upon the necks of men I
Like
of
great Ood, the Holy Lord
a robe    more
"Priest-ltke, he wore
white than foam.
And, ktag-Uka,  swathed  himself ta
royal red.
Three crowns of gold rose high apon
kit head;
th splendor aad la light tbe Pope
across wide
•My  heart  stole  back
wastes of years
To One who
by s lonely
la vala for say pise* to
Totes bsvs botes, sad every bird It*
mind of the maa to wrong. Where to when we wen seat to school and
the Ha* between wrong mind and ta- $ found a bto Sag flying orar us. which
sane mind? It to toeoncefvabt* that!we were told waa almost holy; ten**
aay sane man can radically dtaagre* we went taught htatory aad told the
with one's most sane emdtshm ; start** of glorious battles te which
There te a goad example of It ta car country was always la the right
thto evening's paper Mary MeKenna and onr enemies boss saint: ear read
lives south of Market Street She to *ra snd our copy boohs were full of
a poor bat  honest woman.    8he to! It: when we were paraded ta mitttsry
display with some old soldier for aa
officer; sad when w* were told of
"onr glorious queen."
A good Idea of the position she took
ta our minds to lltastrsted by the story
of a little girl who. when takea Into
Qtmen Victoria's presence, said: "Oh
Queen, live for ever" and prostrated
herself, thinking it the correct manner of addressing one so btab.
It ta almost safe to torn as loot*
after we get through school, but to
make aura that w* do not forget or
commence to analyse these teachings
we have what amounts to the censorship of the press snd polptt ta other
words th* subsidising of them.
How* to the fact accounted for that
wa bear now aad then of the Rev. Mr
rto-*nd-So ta Utter cm Socialism* Grant
Attoa explains this as simply a decline of fntth ta the nM sods aad th*
turning back to th* old sheet worship
rsphitosllsmt or the positive rfcsnr**
of human Immortality aa a raltataa:
that ta to ta» that the caatlnc swsy
of th* state-owned god whlcb carries
with ft Its patriotic spirit and allows
tbe reverend aentteman to talk airs**
these Hb**—but he toes* bis subsidy
and -probably hta p*itp!t
The reverence of onr aacawtora ta
right sad Bstnml. as to also the love
of our Immediate family and the stare
where we wars raised, and to out only
true religion sad patrtottam.
H J B H
I. oary I mn*t wander wearily.
And bruise toy feat aad drink wine
salt wtth tssrs/ "
The audience wss aglteted, but nn*
sspoaslvs. Tst Btohop Morehouse
waa sot aware of it He bald steadily
aa bto way.
"Aad so I say to the rich among
yoa. tad to an tha rich, that bitterly
yon oppress the Msster't tombs. Ton
have hardened yonr hearts. Ton have
do—d yonr ears to the voices that
are crying In the land—the voices of
pate sod sorrow that you will not
hear bat thst some day will be Beard
And so I aay—"
Bat at thto point H. H. Jones aad
Philip Wired, who had already risen
from their chairs, led the Btohop off
ths platform, white the audience sat
breathless sad thockod.
Ernest laughed harshly tad savagely
when be bad gained th* Mfeet Hit
laughter Jarred upon ma. My heart
seemed reedy to burst with suppressed
tosrs
"He hss delivered his message,"
Ernest cried. The manhood sad th*
deep-bidden, tender nature of their
Btohop bBrst ont sad bto Christian
tadtoaca, thst toted him,  cosduded
also patriotic. But she has
Mess concerning the America* tag
snd the protection it to supposed to
symbolise. And here's what happened
to her. Her husband bad aa accident
snd was laid up lb hospital three
months In spite of taking ta washing, she got behind to ber rent. Tes-
terday they evicted her. But first
she hoisted an American flag, and
from under ita folds she announced
that by virtue of Its protection their
could not turn her ont oa to th* told
street. What was done? She was
arrested aad arraigned 'or Insanity.
Today she waa examined by tbe regular Insanity experts. She was foond
tattoo. She wss consigned to tbe
Napa Asylum."
"But that to far-fetched." I objected
"Suppose 1 should disagree wtth
everybody about tbe literary style of
a book. They wouldn't send me to an
asylum for that"
Tery true." he replied. "Bet such
divergence of opinion would constitute no menace to soetety. Therein
Itas tbe difference The dlverewaes of
onlnlon on tbe parts of Mary MeKenna
•nd the Btehop do menace soetety.
What If all the poor people should refuse to pay rent and shelter themselves under an American Sag? Landlordism would go crumbling. Tha
Bishop's views are Just aa perilous to
society Ergo, to the asylum wtth
him."
But still f refused to believe.
"Walt and saa." Ernest said, sad I
waited.
Next morning f seat ont for an the
osners So far Ernest was riant. Not
S word tbat BUhop Morehouse hsd
uttered was in print Mention was
made In oaa or two of tbe import
that he hsd bees overcome bv bto feelings. Tet the platitudes of the speak-
%>.* that followed him were reported
at length.
Several dtyt later the brief announcement was mad* that he hsd
aaae swsy on a vacation to recover
from the effects of overwork. So far
an rood, bat there hsd been no bint
of Insanity, nor even of nervous collapse. Little dtd 1 dream the terrible
road the Btohop wss destined to
travel—tbe Oethsemane sad crncl-
flxion thst Ernest bad pondered about
(To ha Oonttatoed.)
RILIOION ANO PATRIOTISM.
If It eaa he shown that church and
state are one by bo arbitrary arrangement we also show thst religion snd
patriotism are Blamste twtat.
Grant Allen's "Evolution of tha Idea
Of Ood" gives at the fonowtng evo-
tatat Ouitty. BtataMera
Svetettoft ef Mae. Maack*!
Postpaid
Th tapb's Mtstor.
to Cat**** St vy., v/aae^,,^ m
he
Vancouver Island
ACREAGE
(AlactBi Itattrkti
W. W. LEFEAUX
Stag
a. e.
■4100
STRIKE ON
STAY AWAY
Tbe ttrik* is still on at th,
Qoatm Mil**, fiUmep Creek, R
C, also Silver Doltar. Saimo.
EG
laraurfedto
atsy sway wnttl this strike it
The only shop in B C usmj
UNION-hUDE PAPER
PRINTING
Mail Orders ataceive Prompt
E. T. KINGSLEY
LABOR TEMPLE
CONCERNING  A BUMPTIOUS
"CBITH3*
OB*.
Worship of th* deed body by tbe
totally, the priest being th* mate living
head: the worship of the dead tribal
chief, tbe priest being the llvtog chief:
ths worship of th* dsad king, the
high priest being the living king. Ths
dead body In th* flrat case might he
th* seme dead body tn the third esse;
thst to to say thst thto partlculsr
famlrr might be  the  chiefs ftmlly.
which might by rations meant become the ancestry of the king. ,      . . -
Ths principal point to that th* slag 'substantial   dividend   apon   Invested
continued from page i
Hit only alternative la to
home, with .the effort of neat yaara.
aad th* bones for years to come—ao
easy task for the middle tgnd vttb
d nenil.wt family, v/hen th* Isbur mar-
kef ia overcrowded.
Capitalism, In Ito exploitation of
those who cultlrste toad, to contest to
permit Its victims ths prlvfltgt ef
nominal ownership, deluding them
wtth hopes, which act as an Incentive
to greater mental and phytic*! effort,
than thsy could bops to obtain from
wage-stares upon boeansa tarms
Bonanta farming to s comparatively
poor method of exploiting laboppotrer
In agriculture. There to always aa
element of chance ta farming.
Drought ball, or, to est tbe agony
abort climatic conditions, are apt to
spoil the batt laid scbease*. Aa a result tba possibility of regulating oat-
put or controlling raarkota to extremely small Tbe capitalist realises this
and 1s content to Invest his capital In
tba more profitable end of farming
and ao receive through the economic
aeetwailtas of'the farmer, backed by
the taw, a certainty of profit, while
Incidentally avoiding the risks attend
ant upon th* direct exploitation of
the soil.
Parmara' Organisations Seek to Improve Condltlen*
by asking tbe legislatures to abolish
th* coarser forma of exploitation
They fall to realise tbat a legislature
la a beard of directors who mtnese
ths sffslr* ef capitalism within a
province. If a province doss not pay a
DENTIST
W. J. CURRY
SOI Oeauntan Building
Tee******, a. C
"Hie Iran Heel"
(By Jack London i
Cteth b*tt*d sepias of th.*.
tsadsww graateat work, ctn
new ha obtained tram thit offict.
la oatwsrd sapsarsne* H com
parse favorably with any book
PttlCE
T« Locals, ts*.
To Irtaivtataata. S1.W.
Postpaid
Th* tv,*ilr>ln«i Kc«rutH<> Itato «'
lewta*  Htoralxr*  IW
tn   ti* p*rtv. t
aai»     .Fv.t.ii'"'"'
Manifesto n  p. of r
What
What to SaetoHsetr* 	
(ftoetoltoa*    aad    tt*    Su
vlval *f ta*  FittaMt   i
Oaattstil
Tfto  Way  ta p«w«r
ti.
Bwiallsm and UntooMm*
'Sc per I nam
Stragsl* for Batotooc**
Mr P*r doa#n.
Stat*  and Oersramant*.
.. I4* "tf ***"■
Vslti*. Prtat sad Profi:^.
.Ms par 4>*m
•Btprass charges added.
T"
To   ItdltrM
t.or«U    ssl"
r»»-r l"fl * ■ "' '
St On
t *fl       ' ">'
r-
J.
I? Tl        1'
B
1.11
t *«
t 00
It
Sr
ti
ls also the high Priest and lineal de
scendant of th* god.
It It therefore plain to see that up
to the time of tbe preaching of Chrte
ttonlty at s religion church sad state
. Thaw to no occasion to consider th*
inception of Chrlttlanlty Itaelf. but
tftfctag ft after It became a stats re-
H*ion. since assay different state* nnd
a* ....•• ;jn« asKr- * •
siast, tor a
hereditary
capital tba legltlttors loss their tabs
Any reform thst tends to Umbsb the
turn total of capitalist profit mutt inevitably meet with defeat   The beet
that can be hoped for In th* way of tbat bit hopes and desires   are
relief It some rearrangement of th* variance with present economic <""
termer's burden whereby ha secures
some relief for the sorest parte, without actually dlmtotobtag ths weight of
tba burden he mast bear.
A* t* Mimas Si
aF a tSPw   wSBP-wa   Basweaawapa' Bag . am* ▼*
armtrtf.
ar* today
sdw
_ Stamp*  	
aortna. Kngtlah
srav*. Poratga.
OonsUtattan*   '.".".'.'."'...   I %e oa.
-'Xr*ooar.r:.,",,.~<
OP ISPPlstSS
Ts
Ta K>
Otwii	
MM
II
4*
«h    i.»»
i.i
Betetet
tech   |i »oi«
eating a aaw remedy It ha* th«
double merit, from a caplulltt !><>»"
of vtow. of rsmovlag s dlflcult !>"•»'
toss from th* political arena, ami »>-
otaeatelly throwtog tbe rasponsibint)'
for SXlsttag Otxtdittani upon the
BhonMers ot ths vicOam. Wh-n the
ttovas of ths term appear before iM'
•tasters snd bag for batter trenn»' "'•
thsy are taformed that the secn-t ot
success la agriculture Is to be round
to mixed farming, and ss they >>»"'
neglected mixed farming, It is con.•!«•
live tridtnee that therein lies "•"
esses of their poverty. Like drownm*
grasping st straws many arc m
otpUng ths n*w remedy, trusting to
And is the product of mixed farm!"*
tome peculiar characteristics that «*■
empta It from exploitation. ,
At beat It eaa do no worse tt.en
remove from the mentality of «'
farmer another misconception of inr
economic conditions thst make p-*
tdbto bis exploitation, and by a i»« "'
fol process of elimination, bring ""
nearer a true realisation of the tar
dittoes, snd that he, like bis Win*
starts 1b tbe mint snd factory. It < '
chosen Instrument of capitalism, to
sxptolted In tbe way most In hsrmo.o
with sxtoUBg tooaomic ***flfffcs

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