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Western Clarion Oct 15, 1921

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i Journal of
Official Organ of
' Ho. 853
Twice a Month
The Will of the People
thi horn tho dcrivsbuj advance •- invariably
ppersid     \or it the •"will of Ood*1 enj heller.  Thai is hot another uBolshevik" osurpation of
'}.* "peopleV authority.   For, it surely cannot be
leaded that shwe we are an anhghti w ! end cU
tkUc peoplf we cannot Control our 0WB social
•a^slxation Especially when human control is
werrnhcre evident
■'*   I■■\-rthelei-4-.. the *  will  ' of Qod SI the OSUS*-
' iweit it ia neither ihe "God of Bethel,'1 nor an)
*o0 humsn abstraction, hnl the omnipotent "god ol
^ machine.M     We cast n ballot, il ii two, end
****** the name ol the government.   Whi< h tigui-
:'x ""'•' ing    Bocsuve we were oof Informed enough
•Heei and rote for onr own nominees.
"•"• or other leetion of the capitaliat class always
"""•'"••'•s the memhsrs-elect' Ttosy are selected
*■•' 'i'rcrtiy from the ruling eksa itself, or fnjni
1,8 P«ndaht following of capitalist ideation. todi*
"i,,n!!.v they have, therefore, the same Has*; view-
•"KM end Intersstr private property. The "claaa
,T"vi,l«s ,ts nominees with, a "platform*1 and *
*atehword." with propaganda nnd earapaijrn nee-
"SM'i,s.   The farmer i« the trsnsioni economic In
Wp*'. ""Hi the key ami motive of its monetary "P!lil
•""""•"I'i.V md hurrying aotiviUea; the latter ii the
J"1' Md orange blossom with which thai interest Is
^ked md jewelled, so that we may • nt"v,!
,,!o'"'iti-ininny with the painted eonseript   ' ■   !'"
A correspondent sends along this item to
ist rati  the condition oi affairs here, now
that we an • • sasaged with words con-
erning oni   •       ■   -our nature welfare of
irse    1:". wind;   atteraneea contained food
• v the working class would be well fed at
election times.   When are we to hear the din-
• et bell ring!
Dear"the.   -I smd along a biting epigram of
theaneient R man eynic^Martial, being the reply . :' -.■ peasant to a windy lawyer, which I
quoted in tl • last number to hand of the
•'!'.•• V orking elaaa readers who un-
\ se-faced politics of the old line
parties «ill an:       te the Romans satire. Sub-
ut'ii ii        th< Roman peasant, Canada's work-
isses, whose ever-present problem is one
of iivel hood, for, "the eommon man has won
<\w wal ,..■ : lost hia livelihood"* and for the
lawyer, substitute Messrs. Meighen and
... King, spokesmen in politics for''tlie
herd-faced interests who did well out of the-
... |i■••   ::>■ \ their respective  camp  followers,
-•■..  |    j  . nry and auxiliary parasites and mer-
enarj   riffraff of ward politics.    Those who
,,   ; c . windy speeches of the above- named
gentlemen, having not  the least hearing on
working class problema, and the accounts of
,!,, . ;, beating in the nomination cau
cuses, will appreciate the neatness with whieh
the did Roman'a epigram oapa the pre-election
[-,,*■, ■:. i in i lanada today ■.
■*.\\ rail has n (thing to do with assault,
or battery, or poisoning, but it is about
three goats, which 1 complain have been
--.toll p by my neighbor. This the judge de
gjrea to have proved to him* tart you,
with swelling words and extravagant ges-
turea dilate* on the Battle of Cannae, the
Mitbridatic war. and the perjuries of Ihe
insensate Carthageniana, the Syllae, the
Mani. and the Mucii. It is time, Postu-
mua. to say something about my three
•  goats.
SHORTLY, ««• ahall be called upon to decide the    of their aomie interest, the <*mlx>difflent of their
. polielcs to be adopted m these try     sovereignty of power.
Ing,    m '.y'our'eountry.   The issues and              ruling ctass   as a  whole-tKiasess all the
, omu are now being prepsred, and, we have i • „ of education  - .,.., of information and
,   /-,*, -»aj,y wondofffol things will he promi* I .■_.    all   hannels ..f publicity and reaearch
able changes predicted, with the advent    and to the fullest oi Is    lUty—which, in this direc'
-     , government, "safely and tnnetj " i pete I    Hi n ia of a big) • uses those means to dis-
I   ■ ratie «iil »t emiatitntional   .-.■■   Of    *■ 0 suppress the truth, to veil the issues
•%     We are a free) and a grent people, having
■ in this, '"our" country, just a* we/ •
-:.d people," desire them.     Not at all like
fort -note •"HoUhevifcv" under the diets-
-<K, .,■    ;    .- e   ik*|ue of ea^remhrts, drunk with
have tsrioe mined Bnsais        g the
I i   Itvkade whieh dottiod the ntes I
arsunei  '   •   those awoot people; snd the -ritr- *
anas   I tl - pifssr/t fsmtina.   0,   '-'•• -;   -    bos
*aafl wi -■ ■   von nun ting 1
** ae of us prottd British born possess ihi ;
.*■-.,    1 suffrage.    Itut the possession of B pnv-
-   i with it the advantages ol '-
Ita    If we OSS the former st all., thi prol
Her t   ii surely aeemc to u*.   Sn then
prefore, the prsasnt social  coi        i ol
ux, the   "wid'   oj s      \       i.slhatso:
If so, vh> ia toeiety r**atlc>» and discontented, riot-
sir and nnrulyl   Why d<-<* it manifest -   h aver
'    10 its own  'erderf"   Why (his eootin ia
; * the appearanea ai enangsl   v. j % ao many laws
' *rary   to majority   inter*-** If th<-
-   rssB^onaihle, why are they ignorant   I
•   arn enaetmonhiS   And ttiehr fsteful eonai
thsmselveal   It will nol say it
a-*      tin      Th.it is the anUUteaia of th<- on
a*m~ihe imellifeni uuiofity.   And it does not an*
m-dy guaranteed,    tiona then
'"' ""ion ifi t|t0 privilege of props
n"' r»'*i'K elaas.  through  personal  initiative,  pn-
,:"  "lfluen(.,.(   aml   ,Ml|,|irity   wnilin1-'.   l'»',s   fodh
rv,T"' effort to get ita raprasontative elected  For
,     s,"ldet,ly important   individual   is.  In  reality,
Ul,,,r <5l»H representative- the politieal ex|U-essioi.
0f reality, in order to preserve Intact its sacred right
To b< sure, between the capitalist facie considerable '•muekraUing" eontin-
if property
nallv going on
which beoomes very marked during
1e«->tionsi for tbe savor of plunder is in their nostrils)
[n{ t],ey contrive that nothing inimical to their com-
mon onpitalist rropertJ even sees the lighl
N'pt if any means can obliterate it.   Tbe*
veil sees the light of day.
ey see, of
course, that their greedy quarreling over the spoil
draws unwelcome attention to their methods, and its
fruits, but it is the fatal necessity of capital to educate its support, hoth theoretically and practically,
and for it (capital) education becomes the "snare
of the fowler."
On the other hand, through the blindness and
apathy of the slave class itself—a product, qf. course,
of capitalist evolution—through the general conditions of adversity and the constant necessities of
livelihood, the labor press is so circumscribed and
narrow orbited, its influence (because of its poverty so negligible, and local and working class ideation and effort so awry and disjointed, that no efficient organization can be put against its opposing
propagandist to clothe and dignify the new ethic of
the rising social power with visible authority. Or,
to put it better, to gather the disjointed efforts and
vague aspirations of social production into the coordinated invincibilty of Socialist society. For, the
power of the capitalist class lies in its control of the
forces of the state, i.e.. its authority is the state itself.
A fact which proclaims the futility of all reform
within the sphere of capitalist activity, and which,
in due time, under the increasing pressure of economic circumstances must compel us for our emancipation, to the assumption of State authority. Our
changeful times are hastening on that necessity to
tlie ripest maturity, and the forward pressing social
forces cannot be much longer restrained in the seeth-
ing abyss of effete capitalism.
Hence it comes that our minds take on the hue of
our capitalist environment. So we are confuted
with the shifty, kaleidoscope of capitalist property
right So we eagerly run after the fleeting rush-
lights of transient self-interest. So the social traditions of a vanished past, bind as to the individualist present. So the partial equality of a rising era
veils our social evolution, and sacrifices us on the
developed antagonisms of class law and to the harried slaves of today presents, as a Utopian dreamworld, the kindling aspirations, the fore-glimpsed
grandeur, the achieved fraternity that "trails a
cloud of glory"' on the certainty of the Socialist
humanity of tomorrow.
The working elaas of today has no identity of interest with any other section of society. It possesses neither ''right" nor" equality," and on its economic inequality its political subservience hinges,
and its social disadvantages automatically follow.
The wage slave is allowed to vote. Yes. But he
cannot vote iu his o\vn interest Because he does
no* possess the data necessary to form & true judg-
mnit. Because the knowledge necessary to sift the
jssue—the one issue—nt stake is suppressed. Because the trained powers to detect and expose the
subtlety of treachery around him is denied to him.
And (because of those things in turn) he lacks tho
principle of public interest wherewith to determine
public freedom. That is why all of us burn "strange
tire" on the altars of ancient gods.
For those reasons the "popular" will is an illusion. In political democracy, the representation of f
all interests is an impossibility, because constitutional
government signifies the law of the ruling class,
symbolizes the dominance of the modern capitalist
class and it*? exploitation of wage-lahor. The government is the council board of that class, and it is
almost entirely composed of class members with
(Continued on Page 5) PAGE TWO
What is a Point of View ?
Part 2.
(Note: This is the second and concluding part of
this article. Part 1 appeared in the "Clarion"
of September lst.)
I have, in this article, to make use of some more
or less unfamiliar terms, therefore, to commence
with, here are their dictionary definitions, as follows:—
ANIMATE—Living: Possessed of animal life.
IN ANIMATE—Without animation or life.
ANIMISM—A theory Which regsrda the belief ia
.separate spiritual existence as the germ of religious
.deas. The belief is considered to have arisen from
the evidence of tlie senses, interpreted hy the crude
and childlike s-ienee of the savages.
(Latin—anima, the soul1.
ANTHROPOMORPHISM — The representation
of the Deity in the form of man or with bodily
parts: the ascription to the Deity of human affections and passions. (Greek—Anthropos, man,
morphe, form).
Also, as additional authoratativc testimony on
"Animism" I quote from a small volume published'
by Coifstable & Co. London, one of a series on "Religions: Ancient and Modern.'* The volume in question treats of, "The Religion of Ancient Greece."
The author of the volume is, Jane Ellen Harrison,
honorary degrees Aberdeen and Durham, staff lecturer and sometime Fellow of Newnham College.
Cambridge.   Says the author:—
"The study of comparative religion shows that
man does not at the outset attribute complete personality to the things he worships. Personality
comes with the giving of human or animal form. Be.
fore complete impersonation, we have "animism/'
when the gods are intangible Things, powerful but
not personal, dwelling anywhere, everywhere. These
Things are scarcely, in our sense, gods; but they become gods when man enters into relation with them,
localizes them, fixes them by some form of worship.
Wholly personal they scarcely become until an artist makes of them some image, however rode, or a
poet takes them as material for a story. With animism is closely connected fetich—worship. Man
imagines that the spirit things he vaguely conceives
of dwell in chance natural objects, and chiefly in
stones or trees."
This article is part two and conclusion of my discussion of the nature of a point of view, the first
part of which saw print in the issue of the 1st of
September. In that issue J tried to describe a point
of view as a system of principles and standards of
judgments, whieh served as the bases of opion upon
any social facts brought to our attention. Such
principles and standards of judgment, I also tried
to show, were mental prepossessions fa bias possessed beforehandj which, in the main, were ac-
• quired unconsciously under the dWplinary influence of habits of life enforeed by the manner of
procuring a livelihood, and hy those entailed in conforming to the conventional institutions and standards of conduct pertaining to any definite form of
social organization. Under the long term disciplinary influence of habits of life, such mental prepossessions as make up a point of view become habits
of thought and as such there is resort to them without conscious effort when opinion is expressed upon
any matter.
The principles and standards of judgment of a
point of view acquired in this way are held unquestioned and uncritically, being not of reasoned
conviction. Nevertheless, their hold on the mind is
perhaps all the more tenacious, as indefeasibly right
and good and common-sense principles, because
they are a matter of unreasoning habit. Such is the
genesis a/id nature of those unreasoned out principles and standards of judgment, as well as the quality of their hold on the mind, with which men rise
to a reasoned consideration of facts. In part I. I
also endeavored to throw in contract the bourgeois
point of view and the socialist point of view as, in
their principles and standards, fundamentally op
posed to each other. I pointed out that the bourgeois point of view being the traditional point of
view, was maintained in tin- minds of the people by
tlie inertia of habits and by control of educational
institutions and other means for forming opinion in
the interest of a parasitic social elsSB, long after
the material conditions had passed away which hud
given that point of view what validity it may ever
have had. i pointed out also that the eocialiat point
of \iew. on the other hand, was bom of tin- social
fo ts of today and that its principles and standards
.struck the note of a new order of aocUll life based
on prodnetion for use instead of for profit. I further stated that tiie socialist task waa to remove ti.-
bourgeois point of view from the munis of tbe working class and to substitute in its place thc socialist
point of view* and that thus the nature of a point
of view had a bearing on our edu istioual work both
as to its eharaetcr and our methods,
a     a     a     a     a
To throw further light, if I ean, on tlie question,
"What is a point of view f" I deal io tins issue with
"animism", a point «*f view ou external facts of
man's environment whieh found universal expression among primitive savage peoples; und which,
moreover, is so natural t>> man that it has still persisted in varied forms down through succeeding
ages, though with continually lessening force. I
selected animism because I though] the sunpiieity of
its elements ami the artless quality of primitive
man's thoiiirht reaction* to his environment would
he easily comprehended, more bo-token 'hut, in
those respects as ojrell as others, there remains a
godd bit: chunk of primitive in us yet.
Though  I  am dealing With  Animism. I am not
giving any complete survey, however brief, of that
conception of things.    .My account of it will he of
thc sketchiest, just what I consider neeeanary fot
my purpose, hut sufficient, I bop,-, to !.. suggestive
and provocative of thought on my primary theme.
s      •      a      •      s
Students of Primitive Society tell us of the en-
ormous psrt played in it by animal 'ai-*** myths and
cults. The primitive nvsge of the infancy of th-;
human race, dramatist' the things of the world
coming under his observation. His view of them
was what is termed, S •Objective view, that is. he
saw them not in the objective matter of-fact way
of modern science, but through the medium of hi*
own personality. Both inanimate as well as animate
things were conceived to be possessed of spirit.
Streams, rocks, tree*, fire, etc., as well ta the animal
kind, were credited with having a life of will and
purpose, and of fears. loves ami hates like man's
own. External objects were believed to do think'*,
or rather it was believed they WOTS BCCU to do thinjfs.
It was to that way of conceiving of inanimate things
rather than of animate thin::* to which has been
given the term "animism."
The beliefs of many BSVSgC or semi-safagO tribe*
to-day illustrate this trait. The Pueblo potters
(women) are said to believe tbat crtain clays have
likes and dislikes for each other. Such a conception arises, no doubt, from some men expericnc-s as
that certain elays will not properly amalgamate,
and also that one kind of ejay may! be necessary 8S
tampering material for another. .Many primitive
peoples also impute spiritual qualities and magi--
virtues to their te,,,]s and weapons, Perhaps vestigial remains of thst trait are retained by us to this
day iu our habitual us,- of the feminine gender in
referring to machines, engines, etc. It is still customary with us to refer t<> a ship in that way; ami
the old time deep water sailor's superstitious r.-„--rrd
for the spiritual qualities of his ship is at least a
matter of repute, if not. now- a matter of faef with
his degenerate sucecKsor. Then there is the wholly
illusory, though edifying and consolatory belief ao
prevalent, today in regard to social affairs, that
there is an ameliorative trend in things-almost it
is primitive animism again, Stripped of anthropomorphic elements--a trustful faith ins-volution as
though the evolutionary theory postulated developmental progression only, and not also retrogres
sion, as is required in the conception of modem
science of a process of mechanical causation.
Tn the course of immense periods of time under
the diciplimiry influence of matter-of-fact experience, less and lent of spiritual endowment is imputed to inanimate objects themselves, and anthropomorphic or manlike agencies are conceived to
carry on their life and work in some degree of de-
tnehment from material objects. The principle of
animism, which is only a more archaic form of anthropomorphism, is maintained, but is now expressed in anthropomorphic terms. At. this stage, approximately, anthropomorphic religion definitely
makes its appearance in human affairs. There is then
much, further and moiv elaborate myth ouij
til. as Vehlen with sly humour puts il
"Jn th* room* of StSborStton mt.1 r« fa n , -,.
enieive a monotheistic ami prO*rI0aStttaJ i r ^ '
aa tsfinttati rsstots but sMtnttssa *j*.i .   *
ator.!- "
The trait orr propensity of man f<
personality   Into   external   objects
more favorable laid  for . v *. .,   •
animate or living things than
in reaped af animate tnings, for ol
imunn maintained itself longest nnd i-
Ravage man re-asrded the animal ki
ally aa a part of Ins community and ■■■
"conscioujmesi ef kind" arith himself,   Ii -
and !• genda of animals tell ua that
.1 in the chase, thev yet Nt themselves
to.   Thus were produced D©1 mere!) i .
of tales and legcsda of asvsge fh
fecttouafejy upon ths activities snd :   I        •'.-,.
tmata, hot a'*' those eiaborata rites
made animals ancestors, heroes, trii
and divinities    Man   lown even <,, •   ,
inveterate nstnro-~rsa:irl a* th*- late I        ;; ■
velt knew, hut tints and the cultural   I ea ol
work day haHita of life entailed in •
Ing and Improving stock, end of
sated    animals,   tit    we!! .i* the d
i lodes of life I fought on with the pro
dnstrial arts, have freshened thsl
Those matter-of-feet disciplines bsvi
lnalter-.f fa< t mental prepossession* .    .
to aniraste a* well «* Inanimate pbei
aayiwr that "farnd:aritv breeds eont
Uo rigorous meaning only sometimes
universally true that fan&iliarity brt   Is
fact knowledge, and u tons the
aions oftimes inert matiere>of-mal
At a certain *ta*re of social devel
after the magic and myth maa    - - '
i* left behind we arrive appt  ;      '       r a point
when certain forms of mas -
practices  may   be   characters/- i aa
ligions.   As thi* stage, the anthro]
wno walk with the children ol mi n
able: gods that were tribal an • at  r-
tie*,   of   the   "'    - 1   the   e>-*•     ' "
and of ifiduiirial pursuits, goda mah
eficicnt. But gradually, with th«> in
leflge b,,m of experience with estci
>pi»it     powers    nre  ptathed   furtl
gi und of observed phenomena, w
be dispelled with altogether,   Tl - »l»
furihored hy tho aaaaJgaotstion of Un u
federation of independent towns at I
political  unities,  and  by the  gree    ' m
among peoples through trade and
travel, followed aa a result by the exel ins
an I the growth end gem ra! diffusion   ■
And la**?, hut not least, st was also
political needs of ihe great Imperialisms •
tagonktie. demanded unit*) in religious i        "*"
as political In the interest of the . .-■• '■
So finally, there emerges trinmphsnt a
onotnona goda ths monotheiatio Ood, Su
lord of the universe.   And, ss evidence of 1
of a highly inatitutionaliaed aocial orgai
the mental outlook, the t pie of the
eon- slved of Ood, nrt>l of ths eubordinat<
powers of the Upper and ihe nether worldl     I°
ganised according to the feudal model of *-':' ' .
m reaped of the eslanee of ths time, spesli • m'»'
ancient, but more enlightened Greeks, ••
conception of universal lawa having a gu :   U" p0 '
»ro| ever the course of thini'H human and ii
Professor Dewey has this to say of tl"" relate '"'
caption of the Kiddle Agesi
The MMdla Ages addOd to this Oreo* loen of i
th« teas of a oonunand procssAing from a isper-or wi •
and bancs thoiiKtit of tho o*>**nit!oiif» of BStOTfl ' ! '"
were a fuinllment of a tank aet by one who bad autaofi
to dlreef actios."
With the passing Of years since the middle age**
the Inimistic preconception continued to losem *
as a result of the influence of ealentin'o thoagni sn^
enquiry, together with the increasing control o^ _
natural forces exercised by man through m,hl'' f
industrial processes. So that it has conic to he '
that the modern working elasS, especially '' '•
the mechanical trades, are Irrcligioua by oceup|
The old Muthropomorphic conceptions of R |" ,vl
flo<l and psrsonal  Devil only continue to « x'st
(Continued on Page M WESTERN    CLARION
History of the Art of Writing
By Katharine Smith
T,-r    • ..i writing, and ii* progress, supers'
lidered, amy appeal .<■ trivial snb
itigatiou, but without the art of
, of our ancestors, in ever,
ould have been lost I • oa and o ir 11 «t
rttotta would fail to res b ,■<■-'■
|J   method govs us it.
.... -story, ss ihe Istterean enlj b* eo
•• .. material
•     •   n rittng Ml aa «dd as CH -
. '.<    .,,., eaes it to mark ihe intro
h ia th■lutfht probable that
f 5 * **•
H, thi pictograph or hieroglyph    *•' -•
cbt thoussxd years sgo.   w. *an I id
. .. ,,, ■ ,  tend yaara ago in Rgypt  Ita
■-. rendtttf end writini **i *••        oary
written word has - . f
■   Seance to ihe Atvagi    '*
-erson who could use -
ii nest to the goda* he-nee""*   I
,   ...       .-. red t»» forms of srorsbip an :
it >.    in thia way the ent •
anting '.-• saaie writt* i
reverenced part ol educi I ■ •
aces a a' first band studies ot n
• • boohs have beefl msde "• •"
nta ,i \)s mtrrienlum nntfl *- .•
is evolved through the seme
... evolution of speseh    1 :""  there i   -
ige, eaevesimndiog to • •
animal btyrcht, to give ahun	
• ii ation with fel
*»* klopoetie, or growl writing
• of actual obje ta were
ti 1 iero*rlyphtos, the ;■• I      i    •
su !n ■ • - resent the id't i el      I
word formed In the ei : •***'
tally Intonation was add< tl
.* .»r umphaiti. this *'*••'•     ttaeai icsi
I well illustrated in the Ohioi W "'■ !'•'
testa!       f complex ideas. #
...   important faetor in bnmsn progress
* • •    en ao much tht diaeoi arj of a i   ihod bj
-  .in be weorded aa it bss be*      ■ m-
tome facile, graphic device, inch as the
nphs meana oi which the art oi writing
'  to fai - tnplitted a* to Doeonte attainable befi
■doleseense ha* paseed.   A people m
nesst    art of writing without the knowledge ot
n:i »1|     el   but Mich i tystem of 1 i   '•
-mth       : ,.,. M >,mi!e.j m it* power of Mpre*
"ta ittla value, or els,- bs too difficult
id itusoitabis for general ase    fhe metl
ting us. I b> the earl] Bgyi ********* ***•"
:: binese ■*<» to prove that without the i,
K" "• J    n plete system for the graphic reprea* i
' ' •■' "i-ecch is an acquirement **>• ';::   ■: M '
the labor of a lifetime.   I oder audi < «
:* * fnct and religion necessarily tend to re
"•tothi exclusive property ol ■ priestly eaate, ex
"'!|''! culture become** impossible, and lUCh 8 -> '
l""-i of writing, instead of boing the most effeotii •
: *** o' progreaa may b< me one of Hie moat pom
f,|;!! m< ins of enslaving the masaes,
Tl1" hieroglyphics system of the Egypt**1*8* ,.!
'|,,M1«1' " is the aonree of all existing alphabets, ia
■Jp'roiii being the onlv graphic syatcm invented, or
'!l"",u one which attained th* alphabetic stage ol
dev^0pment Various races have succeeded in iu-
y*H-H methods of writing Independently of one an-
JJw, The charactcriHtic fact to be remembered n
! !' th« *tarttng point and general direction have
e(l" '••" wins, i.e., all systems of writing have been
J^ to have had their beginning in rude pictures;
■" Pictures being convcntionali/ed. more or less
^ '"""y came to be used to repreaeut worda and
la1,'r became the symbols of more or lam complex
M,1(1 ■■tttrul thought,
01 memory aiding.
;     *^tiireb„cfly into the primitive forms of
^ro-»wh,ehallalPhabeu arc abbreviated de-
"      L:,N- ?" "wt««ee *imilai stages found among
" "f ,"i^. and to show how our own
.      ■■■'■-■ bed ao high a atage of perfection
'''■1 mrveyol a long period covered b*, the de-
e'°l     it ol a ritina n ■• >» ... i    *■ .
'•* '    ,lM W'le, tor convenience
'" srbitraril)  divide the whole into
> , in
bi   ' L'l'ailis
Pictui - of ohji   (s.
P  '■ '   ■ symbols, or words,
•- ma.
ii   \ erbal signs
'■    v.    •      signs.
'  ■  *-ij!i>.
The Mnemonic Stage: la this some tangible
"   * d, as . ■   --   •• or for record, between
■' ■ :   '        From eaeh other, and also
: •' ' -■ the mi ssenger.     Tins
ipatea thi -;   ibolic stage
examples ol the   nnemoni •
rt" or :    •••   I ■ ords still use! by the
'  i  !'• ruvian plateaux to regis-
; '      '   *torj   ol   ti;>- ".{iiipvi-s" is
I?  " • »g s      ■■■ th us in both the rosary
i- •' ao I atl      - e unl their pray-
not I    I in our handle rchief to help our .
.   ';.   sailor's log-line.   The <],•.
lice was o   ride* .-    reaching its most elab-
forra  fti      rsi  thi   ancient  P< ruviana, from
ig   ' ■  term "quiper," meaning knoT,
T     fo loa ing is a description from
story of thi      I ibet, by Clodd:
ro tbe i  ill     - (stances are taateaed thin*
•r      • -  • ■   •   .   :. :•-..:      ri   >•, ln*j  Imotte** in
t I   • ••:•    ■ il i-..r;    ■ - and - acb color
•     : .'- i v n   ; i .   i' d for sold-
for gold   -b •• ("•* silver, gre-u foi corn, e;-,
of a stogie knot arm ten, double Knot
•.   •   aaots two boa Ired, C* sides be-
... reckon oa they were uaed for Keep-
Di  ■'■   Kmplre ol the (ncaa, for sending
• ■-..-.  rt orda ol the dead In old Egypt,
• ■ ih     •■■    • ■. ita • small corda are used by tbe native
• ■- ■        West Africa; while otter African tribes
tnei     •   sUcka similar to the reli-knowa
in   highly developed knot reckoning
•        nmoi    -1" Mexican Jnnl and in more primitive
:..•   N.Ttli   American   Indians     A
.   •>.   Hawaiian tax-gatherer kept accouut
;    . .. ;.  pi ■•- •!> thronghool the islands in cord
to drt tathoma tn length.   Tlie Chinese used
rd prior io the Invention of wrHlngaiid it.s
•   ii tod in Egyptian hieroglyphics. In
i, . ...     ; Parliament were destroyed by over-
,   • | in bnrn hf up an aocumalattoc ot tally-
.   >   ■ :       een used lo keep the accounts of money
.   | .     ,i (jjeni    I" Scotland fifty years ago the
.   .. •! •  h o« bis   n:-k slick' for every loaf
■ oi hta roui Is    Thus Ibi use of objects was
...      in the diatanl paat, and .still survives In
i;,. an84 ol our familiaritj with the wampum of
,1,,. \(1, ■.. v. ieri an mliau little need to said OU the
sui,:, , -j"!,,. use oi wampum belts is not wide-
s.,, i ij,,. belts consist oi handmade bends or
... •. | shells arranged in various patterns on
bark, filament, hemp or deerskin strips, the ends
! ,.;,,..• selvi idi-' d by sinews, or flbrea of hemp. The
imttcrna are usually pictorial symbols recording
,, puts in the history of the tribe or treaties between
.,.;,,.„ The Iroquois developed the wampum belt
t0 quite a high degree of art.
•> Ideograms: These are pictures intended to re-
,.,.. sent either things or thoughts. They are of two
• i \\ ni lures or actual representations of ob-
;(,t,ts. pjtd (2) pictorial symbols suggesting abstract
ideas "The earliest actual record hnown of any
JUuA ,,,.,„, js the scene depicted on the fragment
of ,U1 Bntier which was found iii the rock shelter at
Ungerie Basso in A.uvergne. lt portrays a primeval hunter eovered with hair ereepins? up to a
rji-jantic urns, feeding in the grass, and tlie hunter
|s geeu in the very act of easting a spear at his un
suspecting enemy.'' It i.s evident that primitive
man, in his attempt to record and transmit his
thoughts in a graphic manner selected such objects
within his environment as were most frequently encountered In his struggle for existence. Clodd
writes: "The necessity of identifying personal as
well as tribal property, especially in land and livestock led to the employment of various characters
more or less pietographic which have their representatives in signaries used in ancient commerce
and in. manufacturers1 trade marks."' In the marks
used for branding cattle can be recognized survivals
of Indian writing. Prof. Ernst of Caracas says
"that, in tatooing, aside from its symbolic and religious significance marking the connection of the man
with his elan-totem or individual totem and also its
decorative purpose, there is also a utilitarian purpose. It is known that certain red tribes of Ked
Indians tatoo both sexes so that the captured individual may be identified and ransomed in case of
war. The grave of a chief is indicated by his totem
scratched upon* slab, tribal boundaries are marked
by stones engraved with the totem of the tribe. The
very curious records on Pictish stones of Scotland;
the pictures on the magic drums of the Laplanders:
the drawings found on rocks in Australia, Siberia.
Peru ?»nd Arabia not only show how keenly men of
different races have striven to record some lasting
memorials of their deeds, but these drawings are
also of value in proving the essential similarity of
the means used by different people to give effect to
their desires."
A further extension of the system of picture tvrit-
inej became possible when it was discovered that
complex ideas could be conveyed by combinations
of simple ideograms.
(To bc continued.)
:0 :-
Of the different forms of society which are open
tc the adherents of the Socialist movement, that of
Wc street corner propagandist, or "soap boxer,"
i < E-sesses a remarkable attraction, and much value.
Not only is it effective in familiar!-ing the workers
iv.-ih the truths of Scientific Socialism, but it also
serves as a valuable aid in broadening and deepen-
in.' that understanding of the w. ruing class mind,
»-hich is so necessary to the student of society and its
si .'i.irs.
In Vancouver, amide the squalor of the downtown
district, hard by the slave market, w.Uere the workers in mine, field and forest have the privilege of
reading on the employment bo,-ids. the price and
turns upon which 'hey shall render up the use of
their bodies in the process of production, the work
ol education along ;••'; ntitic lines lu.s been carried
Oil for many years. OUI timers in the revolutionary
movement often refc1. to the argument aud discussion that used to rage around "Lestor's Corner,"
in the days When the movement in Canada was very
young, and many ot them ean point to it as the place
where they first developed the habit*, of. thought and
viewpoint peculiar :-■ {evolutionary Socialism, Aud
it is of the utmost importance that this street corner
propaganda should be carried on. Here it is that
the migratory worker can be met ami appealed to
under circumstances whicii make his mind more s is-
ceptible to new ideas, and bis miserable precarious
condition as a wage worker is revealed to him in a
manner that cannot be disputed. With a keen recollection of hard and brutal tasks performed for a
wage barely sufficient for his most simple needs,
and doubtful as to his ability to secure even this in
the future that seems to await him, he will eagerly
join the crowd that gathers when the street corner
meetings begins.
But the Socialist speakers are not alone iu their
claims for a hearing.   Here also come the religionists of different, but not conflicting creeds, clamor-
(Continued on Page 8) PAGE FOUR
Western Clarion
A Jowaal af History. Bconaaiea, Philo^fhy,
aaat Onxraat Eranta.
Pabliaaa* twiea a montb by tha Socialist Party of
Oaaada 401 Psadsr Straat East, Vaacoavsr, B. 0.
Paaaa Hif alaad 8581
aTatmrat at O. P. O. as a newspap*r.
Ewen MacLsod
Oanada, 20 issues	
Foreign, 16 iaauaa ~^-.
If this aasabar is oa joox addraas Ub-*] yaar
•abathptioB axpixas thim aaxt iaaaa. Baaaw
"While the orthodox politieal parties all oWr the
country are talking to a bewildered working class
about the lying habits of each other, the working
class, patient and hungry, are wondering whelk.!he
three-meal-a day period is due to set in.
Meighen ia touring Eastern Canada talking about
how the country has been run. and Mackenzie King,
in the same area has been talking about how it
should have been run. If words were nutritious, the
working class would have enough to carry them from
one election date to another.
Explanations aplenty have been made as to why
it is that a vast working population of wealth producers in this country is turned out of null, mine
and factory, the rhanee to earn a living taken from
them. The war in Europe sad the ensuing difficulties of 4ire-establishment"" have come to he the
stoek-in-trade excuses of the poiHaciana fat the hunger and want that follow unem;-*> ;..-:.- :-i *-.- the ma--
of the workers The true explanation lies deeper
than that. The workers have served a full apprenticeship in listening to wind ha-' politicians in the
years gone by. If they will attend to the campaign conducted by their own class candidates in this
eleection they will come to an understanding of their
own troubles, of employment as well as unemployment.
The nominees of the Socialist Party of Canada arc
now hard at work in B. C. and Manitoba. Alberta
comrades are making their preparations for the campaign. They are IikcIv to have three of four candidates in the £eld. Campaign funds are hard to
gather, and earnest support from all interested
woikers is required. So far, the nominees of the
S. P. of C. are:—
NANAIMO—  W.   A.  Pritchard
VANCOUVER, (3 Seats,—
» Burrard: J. I). Harrington /
Centre: T. OConnor
South: J.  Kavanagh
WINNIPEG (3 seats):—
H. M. Bartholemew
R. B. Russell
diss. Stewart
 -o- f
Local Vancouver study classes are under way.
Economies, every Sunday at p.m. History, every
Thursday at 8 p.m., at 401 Pender Street East. Conic
all, and welcome! Bring with you any interested
workers of your acquaintance. No fees. Membership in the B. P. of C. is not essential to class mem-
a    a    a
Classes about to be formed anywhere will do well
to consult the article by "Geordie," in this issue,
reprinted from "The Red Flag." This should prove
helpful and it answers many questions as to how
clssses should be conducted. "Geordie's" series
•'Concerning Value/' will  be continued in  next
•   •   •
The case of the "B.C. Federationist, Ltd." and of
A. S. "Wells, manager, has been adjourned again for
a week.   Fonda for defence are urgently required.
Federal Election, 1921
Socialist Party of Canada Manifesto No.
In entering candidates for the forthcoming Federal   Election,  the   Socialist   Party   "1   Canada  re
affirms its position; and  has neither promises to
make nor apologies to offer.
We contend that modem vciety i* divided into
iwo major groups: the owners of wealth producing
maehincry who receive its benefits in the form oi
surplus \allies, and the OpsrstOTS of that machinery,
the modern wage-working daVBfc "J ho receive for then-
labors, when working, sufficient m the form of
wages to represent mere subsistence.
These relative positions are today maintained by
virtue of the faet that the eoereive powers of society
the State' are held and wielded by the representatives <>f the master class, it does not matter to out
present argument that division* between certain
sections of the masters produce Urugglsa on their
part to obtain or maintain [at ths esse might be)
control of ths administrative and gOVSmsssntsl
This in well exemplified st the present moment.
During ths early days of but fOatt, several of our
party members were given jail terms in the City of
Winnipeg for allegedly engaging in activities which
supposedly resulted in setting class against class in
the community Now. today, behold the tariff! The
present premier of Canada has deliberately launched
an election esmpsign whieh has for ita object the
Retting of the industrial 'town'  against the agrar
Um fcountry).   Over against this position is aat the
righteous tndignstion of Mackenzie King, one time
expert for the Rockfeller interests, who decries
tyranny and desires freedom.
But what is this all about 1 A whole boat of gentlemen (and ladies) , some distinguished for what
they have said, .some for what they hs?S done, and
still others for what they have neither said nor done,
now spread themsclvea throughout ths land, bsseeeh
ing the listening ear. They are all apparently solicitous, too, for the welfare of the dear worker, the
back-bone of the country, the horny-handed son of
toil. When before, one might enquire, was au-h
interest displayed on behalf of the workers? And
come to think oX it, 'twould seem as though such
performances were indulged in only al election time.,
when working class votes are sought for the purpose of giving sanction to master class purposes.
Members of the Working Class! We desire, as
workers together arith you, to deal openly, candidly,
bluntly. At a time when the means of producing
those things necessary to human sustenance have
developed to a degree never before thought of, un
employment, with all its devastating misery and degradation for yon, as workers, stalks abroad through
the land with .'ill lis i.ritntiuK unpleasantness, (a
thia not an appropriate time for faking (and having
answered) the question as to why aueh a state of
things exists!   Will the sne&hiudcrs of tha laaatei
clasa supply   this answer?    Will they even aa „
a* attempt to meet  the question?    Th.••.   will „,
'-m -m,        . .-•ii not.
• hey Cannot    They dare not.
But Wa dare, and we will
Things are today produced Dot  be I tsa ,.f tj,
utility  to mankind,  primarily,  bttl        . ....   .* th
profit that ean be real./.-,! ,„ th-.r disj «     :, *-*...
the   Heeds   of  bttBT|y   IIICI1.   WOtttSfl   all-I
protit. profit, proth    that ih the guidii .
Dsodsn somiaerolal life.  The workers wages recn,
suiting    merely    sufficient    food,    clothing,   sad
aheJter, on an average, to auintaio ia working -»rde*
a worker and hi* dependent,  ar.  me.-.
m value of the result of that Worker's labor.   Th:*
surplus   the dilTercnee between the vain, af arbatth,
worker jM* and what h<* creates' mxtst
find its tiny to the world market aud then   in
petition With UM products ol other worki N   ;
nationalities,'seek s pmrthaarrr.   lis- resuli   I taa
attnation bj i market glut, industries
workaia are thrown out of work In theif th
uin-mplo#uiient results. And the praosnt period  fun
employment jS remarkable lor the f<   ' tits
universal in its aeops and sppiWabU I
A high tariff and ■ eon-;       tig -•  ;
living, or a low tariff and a corn a
of living, are irnestiona of laaporl only I
tcrs.    Th«v do BOf atfsst in any a .
and real interest-- of the srerl i
yonr own bitter and painful experiene-   tell yoa.
plainer than any Uworfeong aaJgl
•an live ehsaper you can 11 rk ehss]   * -
of living meana a i-ov. r prii -  j..r yc it
All the*e various tchfBMS and pallia)
less.     Kven   if   they   po**e-tK«*d   any
damned in their making by (hsir
aerionsiy if you will and tell us wbethi r I    alleged
reforms   and   a ta  of parliament   that   have beta
passed m the last quart, r of a century,    *     I
for 70UB benefit, have resulted m ot*}     icfltate
you; or jiave they not rather tended to fast*
you in atil! firmer fashion the ehsins   •
The only question worth while for von il   3
those who work the machinery of wealth pn : ■ '   '
own that machinery and thereby benefit     dp in
functions; or shall the present mast' IS   • r r<*
presented by Liberal free traders or National tariff-
mongers* continue in their ruthless work o( SXj
ing labor for the pake of profits!
If you are desirous of registering a proteal again*
a eontintiancc of the  present sjatem of pf
nnd exchange, yon will do so by marking* four b ■ ••
on eleetion dav for thc candidates of (he !   ,,v '
vour claaa -The Socialist Party of Csnsds,
Oontributions aenl to this office will be forwarded.
• •   •
A book has reached us entitled, "Farmers in Pol
ities." by Win. Irvine, of Calgary, Alberta.     A review should prove interesting during these election
limes of auch a book, and we promise to-devote a
column or two in an early issue.
• •    •
Some wiseacre long ago said that "Silence is
Golden." We've tried it OUt and our conclusion is
that the ancients didn't have to worry about "subs"
or they wouldn't have framed that text for future
use. If they'd had printers to face day by day, presenting an appalling bill of costs, they'd have atari
ed a yell for "subs" there and then. We're yelling
for "nubs" here and now. Loolf at our totals. If
the adding machine companies depended on us for
trade they 'd be bankrupt and starving, with nothing
to add up but their accumulating worries.
Let the truth be known.   The best way to spread
it around is to increase the sub. list.
Toll.,wing, $! s-aefa c. L Pearson, P Hsnnen,
Mr*. <; Kolomi..!. s. Lidgerwood, B. Ted-'. ( ***■
W. Q. Lindaay. J. Wedin. K. Kissaek. A. Beaton, A
r-eg^e, w. Truseott A. Msoson, s. K. Davy, •'• 0reM
wood, T. Richardson
Wm. Craig, |8; Parry and Sim. t3*J. Henderson,
12* Sid Ea'rp, *5, II. Norma.., fg- K. C. IfeCutehsn,
$2; Cus. Johnson., <•-'; W. Hoare, ^; W. B. Dickeni.
$'>; W. Lewiu, $:i; W. Seott, $2{ J. J. Albers, *<••
Above, Clarion 'subs" received from J'.Mh Sopteni
her lo 13th October, inclusive   total. $1"
"JU,.-V $2; A. C. Bogaj |&60j 'cs." $10-
Above, C. M. F. oontributions from 89th September to 18th October, inelusivi-— total, $14.60. W % $ t« r N     CLARION
■ Study Classes in
I   Political Economy
********** —  i   ■!       ■■>*
I By    OEORDll
I       ,-,.r     Thi  Red  Flag." October   I.  1'iVi
THEBE iv at the present time, i verj not
,  s,   m the number of elaaaea and
• ,. inter* st displayed in the studv ol <
I m.<«   This - Ike more gratifying, •«** it haa always
I .1  m  well-informed Socialist  eir
I latti study of Political Economy and
I -s «a» the mo*t effective, il nol
I .   method of rsrOfmfanda
I ibis Ih ing the time of year when elaaaea ai
I      -   v   f formation itcasa oconrred to the writ*
I . aome little experience in tins matter,
I | |■ • be well, for ihe guidsnee <•! elaaa- -
I Rrsl tinle, to give her. aome <d tl
I  .,,   ,    •   - . iperiencOi   I am the m< re in-peije.i
I  -      ,        . .si* | am strongly of opinion iha
I   -. ;y la of a* groat, if nol great*
I ihon the aubjeet matter, *•> tar
I - 1     That i*. to say. that
I s to be attained i* the devi lopmeni
' .-.( mind-the aetetiliti- :*■".:    I   i'
i -•  : ■   - attitude **i mind,  belien    •
tinning all things, Insisting on clear an-;
■ '.. testing every atatement by an i|.
J   io facts       indent m ha n position to sc
•:. the no*** of In-*   Biisrt
nssnse which Is modem * ■
a sl   r •• f cilsss tin'snjiration  and ods
I lak   it, be left io the eommooaciujM •*• I
•   *     but the procedure spill, in genera
art oft       ,- in turn from the ■• \t book I
'     eat    i and commend by the members As * ol
Wage-labor and Capital   •
it for S atari, loft   if th*-* book > osed, il
t<» get a *.if fn nut number ol the r-
■   • on recently issued by the s. P oi I . • •*
-' sdil ■ m ..f tkia book are very deflective,   I
Placed stndanta, t\*c **r*t nine chapters ■■:'   ■'*>••
ital" ronld be atndisd.   MValu« Price and Pn
aarting at t».e sixth ehapter, i» also very good. Oih-
ff standard works ought to be »t hand sod thc class
'    Id | mem a really good dictionary. Ever) w
5i.i ever? statement ought to have, a m<
"■*«l it u tha business of this clasa to and it.   N»
"""■• r.«d from the text-book Ottgfal 10 be pasw I
Bssifted and the chairman should, ao fsr »** |
* tet thst every member of the •'•»•*** 18 iStisfletl
'"i'~" proceeding,   Many eontroversiea and ■
wits win be found at tha bottom to i >ns •
("*   leation of delnltion    Hanj worda and terms
1:1 feneral use have ao wide an application or maj
'■•"" w many different things that for thi ; trp i
fr'"••'"!  itstsmant they must be limited to inva
■ '•• "tie thing or categorj ol things 9 •
"oris «s •Wealth," •'Commodity,"    v.: ,      art
* this nature, and will often be found used   •
*'" V|,rv different things by different Beonomistt
wit thi Ponsensos »>f authorities has (riven an)
'•mi a definite significance that meaning should be
■Pertained and the term used in thsl wsj but in
anv <•*■* tome definite meaning should be studied
'ou mid the word or phrase used invsriabl*- in thai
s",s"- While thia method may be followed in the
f** Ol S word, the ease is very different when we
'""v to n statement of fast The statement or pro-
,'"M,i"» Il true or il la not true, that is to toy- •'
***** With th| facta or it does not, nnd no amount
°f authority will help it in any ea.se.
•i ■*" euatomory to quote atringa of authorities in
**Pr*orl of 11,4-, that or the other propoaition, and il
's" v,,ni;iieas wjt|, nmnv Socialists to quote ■ 1*8
ffotu say, "cn;>ival/. Iin;, i0 ■„,a--j„.- thai the que*
m ,s thereby finally settled, Tbe opinion of ft"
:'°n"nte observer nnd painstaking Investigator BUM
as Dtrwtn or Marx bus. of course, due weight, but
wwmld rdwaya be acesptsd with the reservation that
"" aI'pe..l to the facta ia the onlv proof of which anv
!'h,-""*'tio»> i» auaeeptihle.
*     I.
••• •dement is worth considering that can not
elamahottld be encouraged to oae this mode of e*,
P,1^00 "ther than the cryptic and exotic termin-
oofy so much affected by many members of the
larxian School.
rhe selection of a chairman ia rather important
it is hia business to see that the discusaion does not
wander iron, the matter in hand; that no one, i„-
duding himself, monopolizea the time of the class;
'" encourage timid, bashful members to take part
w*d       thai the iliacuat-ions are carried on courte-
'    ind in regular form.   I do not. for one, ap-
the appointment of a teacher or instructor.
1 lass wmtld be as well to bav« a director
-   '■■'■ tion il would be to be responsible for the
H would be bis bmdnesa to look up in
•   ranee the matter liable to conic up, to verify the
lions, etc., and be prepared to initiate and
on the discusaion.   Tins office may be com-
I with thsl 1 f chairman, or if there is no one
-'  to  aet   permanently,   individual  students
! be made responsible for the proceedings at
"    .' of the clsss.    That is to say. that the
• • ting shotdd be laid out in advance
* 1   • one member made responsible tor it. -
been v. \  experience thai classes of this
ibh   *      •   infested  a ith a variety of
- ni one kind and another. These
. of course, should have a courteous hearing
• -ion, im! should not he allowed to monop-
•■  the time of the class and  if necessary, should
auppr—d; s little verbal brutality will
• barn snd will be helpful if they arc any
- .     pi      ■ an  generally interested in tii"
,-. tj n ol ■   rt " political or religious theories.
■ i    dd he remembered thai the object of the
.   m   1 thi  si •';■ ol Political Economy, that is to
■ ,  ,       P of th.' production and distribution
resit!  ui del Capitalism, and not to draw plans
-. • •;. v. v .lerusah m.
Continued from Pace 11
rophy. ahosc business —and interest--it
■ •   •     -s pnvili ^•,
No other will be nom-
.....  ^ to that position.    And whatever
mber, from the slave class succeed to that
RPeeith r revisionists (or worse), or are so
u    outnumbered as to be negligible.
thing el>c parliament is the result of a
long ei    iti    .':• process.   It has ita roots deep in
snd forgotten ages,   It waa the council
of tr   al   ommnniues-a council of equals.   It be-
.    th^mooC of the communal middle ages, and
develop, i  into the representation of the third es-
lh(   .,„„,„„„,.->. i.e.. the risingmercha.it and
 t the early capitalist period. And
,   ompieted development of capitalist
;n    . is no more than a name.   It lives on the
^        ofitiW1(,„, iraditions.    It is Stripped of
.    ;        ;; ,..,,.,.,„ shorn ol its privileges,
" fuuctiol,s have passed into the higner control ot
amderneabiuet, snd itapowera sre but the moefc
■ .,,,.„,i;.o/'uhat thecab.net decrees. IU-
,s, a8th, tribal commune was more and more
wages. Therefore, the one interest of the slaVe class
is the abolition of the wages system, that is to say,
of capitalist society. And that abolition must be
entirely effected by ourselves, the new developed
medium of social progress. Master class and slave
class interests are diametrically opposite, and no
wise scheme or glamoring reform can ever abrogate
their opposition. There can be only common interest when there is a common class, i.e., when there is
Socialist society. Then with economic freedom, We
shall be equals, with the privileges of equals^—with
the guarantee of everything that this highest of
human societies can encompass and achieve. There
is no other issue. R.
";",'',  1 domim-cd by tire flonrWiing proem 0.1
IThat     <>t-K. aIUin,o<:„u;,,ls.av,.y.s,
""*        „.|. lost it. original eh-weter ol
" ■"'■"  J',;       (,J.I,(,,   .lus, as the ..-a...
T' '        I    .      .1"' **»*» »•** ^' ** ,h"
::-,M'V        '    .     l.,f«,l.ln..r-,«.th,. communal
«""'•"* °,™t it. Pristine nature .md-igninoanco.
•."'•'--•; j;;;;!;,,,-,,,1,,,,,f„,,urersau,Unl,.,rS
Al """' ,| into the all-abaorbing oonunereial
lKI< '"" 'h,'' voim- parliament ol the eommonera
'""I■"•''■ ,0      ', in ,!,, ovorahadowing might of the
! "::::":;;;;,; ****** ■■--» "f"—•
' ';",ZToaiif nam... tk. »had„-v of a mt,
i,v thousands ot years.
,.;,.,„,  bV  tllOUSBUun >"  -7v.	
S,'n'','■.   V ••- Presentation"  is economic   interest.
P0,,tlC vud so long ns it remains in exist-
Kothlng™r'alavcryendnra.   For it is but the ex-
","',,,S"    r ,a... slavery,   Slavery is "exploitation.
,,T.,,,,l,i   exploitation  is  accomplished through
und today, ,Ni
Fellow Workers.—A lew weeks ago Russia sent
out a cry for help. The workers of the Russian Soviet Republic are appealing to the workers of the
world for aid in the terrible calamity that has overthrown their nation. Decimated by seven years of
incessant warfare, deprived of food and clothing, of
medicines and drucrs, of agricultural implements and
industrial machinery by tbe capitalist powers of
Kurope, weakened by the internal struggles that follow in the wake of every revolutionary upheaval,
Russia now stands helpless and unprepared to face
the destruction of its harvest in the Volga district.
The great granary of the Russian nation. A terri-
ble^drought, no rain, from March until August, has
burnt up every vestiire of vegetation for hundreds
of miles. Land that in other years brought forth
food for thousands of hungry workers lies blackened
and charred under the blistering sun. Great herds
of cattle upon which millions of children depend for
their food have had to be slaughtered because there
is no grass to feed them Eleven million men.
women and children are starving. Cholera, that
dreadful disease that stalks in the wake of starvation i.s wiping out entire townships. Babies are
bobbing at their mothers' breasts and there is no
milk. Boys and girls are pleading for food, and
there is no bread. Thousands are dying from preventable, curable diseases, and there are no medicines. Cleanliness could check the spread of contagious diseases, and there is no soap. Even the next
harvest is in danger, for the seed corn has been used
to assuage the hunger that is eating out the vitals of
the nation.
We know why Russia has had to suffer, why war
against Russia went on long after hostilities in other countries has ceased. We know why Russia was
forced to keep her workingmen at the front while
fields lay fallow and the factories stood idle. Russia has secrificed year after year, her men, her industries, everything, the very lifeblood of the nation,
that its spirit might live, the spirit of Working Class
brotherhood of working class internationalism. Russia has been attacked by the great powers of Europe, and by America, it has been slandered and
vilified, fought with fair means aud foul. The capitalists of the world, the men who live in wealth and
luxury because you and your fellow workers live in
want, hate Russia because she carries the message
of working class freedom from capitalist oppression
to the world, because she has fought your nation,
brought Inspiration and hope to you in your struggles.
All over Canada committees have sprung up for
the purpose of helping Soviet Russia. By their very
number they are defeating their purposes; they are
duplicating their effort and there is practically no
co-ordination. The American Federated Famine Relief Committee is endeavoring to unify the work of
collecting funds for the famine stricken and the
"Canadian Famine Relief Committee for the Drought
Stricken in Societ Russia" is directly affiliated with
that committee.
$220,000,000 must be raised. It is the most vital
tusk that y\>u have ever undertaken. Workers of
Canada, your Russian brothers are calling for your
Wil you desert them now?
We must get together for one great drive for
Address*alI moneys to—Canadian Famine Relief
Committee, P.O. Box 3591, Sta. B., Winnipeg, Man.
Materialist Conception of History
Lesson 21.
THE vacant throne of Spain- v.as giving concern to European chancelleries At last the
Spanish ministry found a suitable candidate
in Prince Leopold of Germany. Tins candidate was
obnoxious to France and when this prince of the
Hoheuzollerns consented, a storm of protest broke
out in the French press, of course we are told
what the press says "is public opinion."
Louis Napoleon'-*: exploits in Mexico had proven
a miserable fiasco. Tbe opposition was gaining
power and Xapoleon fell be could gain his popularity by a victorious war against the Germans. Under
pressure of foreign powers Spain was forced to withdraw the offer which she had made, and Leopold renounced his candidacy through bis father King Wil
liam I. The French Ambassador was commanded to
obtain from King Wiliam a declaration that thr can-
didary of Leopold of KohenzoJl' rn would never 1»-
supported again. The kinir refused to confer wit:;
the French ambassador, ami France, being affronte 1
declared war. Uismar-k was a.s anxious as Napoleon for war, as his papers have shown sine*- ms
The Germans desired the return of Alsace and
Lorraine because of its vatt natural resources of
iron and coal. Germany was entering the world's
markets in competition with tin* other world powers. The French were being defeated ou all lines;
by 1871 the French army was in a terrible plight.
The recruit ing officers pressed into the army men
whom they could not arm nor even feed.
The stilly of hunger was -o great in Paris that
horse flesh became a delicacy. The women waited
out in the cold for hours lor a starvation allowance.
Children died on the empty breasts of their mothers. Wood was worth its weight in gold, and tin-
people had only the fantastic "success dispatches''
to warm them. Krigels' preface to Marx's "Civil
War in France." aaya: Finally, on the *2t*th of
January, 1S71, Paris starved OUt, capitulated, but
with honors hitherto unheard of in military history.
The forts were surrendered, the line fortifications
disarmed, the weapons of the line, and of the
Guards Mobile were handed over to the Germans.
and the men themsjelvt-s regarded as prisoners of
war. Kut the National (-hoard retained its weapons
and cannons and only entered into a truce with ths
The Prussians were forced to saluie the armed
revolution whieh they intended to revenge. Tin-
Red Flag floated over the Hotekde-Yille,
The niass*-s w*re iu favor of the Commune be-
cause they saw through it their emancipation could
he accomplished.
Thiers, who was head of the Government at Versailles, seeing the danger of tin- rule of landlords
and capitalist", attempted to disarm the Parisian
workers. He sent some troops to steal the artillery
belonging to the National Guard, which had been
manufactured and paid for by public subscription
during the seige of Pan's. The attempt failed. Paris
armed herself to a man and declared war on the
French Government at Versailles. On the 2fitb
March the Paris Commune was elected.
Among the first things done by the Commune
was to abolish the night work of bakers, and also
the registry office for procuring employment, which
hsd been the monopoly of scoundrels appointed by
the police. The abolition of pawnshops as being incompatible with the right of workmen to their tools
snd to credit. The highest salary of a functionary
of the Commune was not to exceed *1200 a year The
separation of the Church from State and the abol
ition of all atate payments for religious* purposes.
All tbiugs appertaining to the individual conscience
i.e.. religious symbols, dogmas, prayers were abol-
ished and the carrying out of the principle of religion as far as the state wsa concerned was a
purely private matter.
Gome So'dalis's have endeavored t-» evade ex
planting religion by expressing religion a-* a private
question of tin individual, but it is not ho, as are
find ihe tjiivst" n put when taking the census or if
you are unfortunate enongh to be brought before
the police court for a eontfSVCtttion of capitalist
The Commune fetched cut the guillotine and pub
liely binned it amid loud spplSUSC,    The column on
Piac* Vendome which hsd been constructed by N»
poleon 1  after the war of 1809 out of captured cannon was overthrown, because it wss a monument of
national vanity and international jealott*v,
Tha government troop* wore driven out of Paris
when the Commune w«> declared. Then cann- tin
artge ot Paris by the French Government, Paris
was ontinuaS'v bombarded by the very people who
fun! Stigmatised tbe bombardment of the aehte 'if.
by th- Prussians ta ji sacrilegious outrage. Th-
Commune was formed aid chosen by universal suffrage; the majority of its members were %vorku*i,"
men. The Commune was a tgorfcing body and not
a parliamentary body The police were ■tripped of
political attributes and turned Into r-**pon-.ihie
agents of tie Commune. Tin Commune prohibited
landlords to dismis-- tenants and prolonged overdue
bills; therefore are we nirprised all the monarchists,
bourgeoisie, all slaveholder- which eomposed ths
Assembly at Versadles y» Hod 'Pari*- is only a rebel.
the Central Committee a **and of brigand*." When
the struggle wss keen the Central Committee Issued
a Hue proclamation: "Workmen, do not deceive
yourselves about the import of the combat. Is is
the engagement between parasitism and labor, exploitation and production. It yon are tired »f *..*g«--
tating  in   ignorance  and   wallowing  in   misery,  if
you want your children ?«. be men enjoying tin- bono*
fit of their labor onl not mere animals trained for
the battlefield ami tin workshop, »f you do not want
vour daughters, whom yon are onahle to educate
and overlook as you yearn to do. to become instrn-
ments oi pleasure in the arms of th*. arist<-oracy of
money, if you at list want th reign of justice,
workmen be intelligent, ari<-.c!''
Tin- Commune Brsi degree waa the suppressim* -,f
the standing ormy and the arming of the people as
a substitution. L'v.■•• -Ithough thi majority of ih<-
functionaries abandoned their posts at the signal
from Versailles from s«re. ? inspection, lighting, mar
tcets, public charities, telegraphs, ste. These set
vices were soon set right by the Commune, and the
committee overcame a greater difficulty of providing for three hundred thousand persons without
work. Its true aeerel was that it was essentially a
working class government j as Marx puts it: "Th-
produce of the etrujR-' ■ ■,;' the prod -<>ing against the
appropriating class, the politieal form at last discovered under which to work out the economical
emancipation of labor." Marx points out the strange
feet, in spit, of all •<.- tail: of the emancipation of
labor, that no sooner the workers attempt llmir
emancipation than tv mouthpiece* of present socle-
i\ exclaim: the worhnf; Intend to abolish private
l ri jort.v. the basis of ,i' eivilizat; m. The Commune
intended to abolish that clasa property which makes
the lanor of many the wealth of the few.
The Commune sprang up in the Provinces, at Marseilles, Toulouse and Narhoime, but the middle-elaas-
es betrayed the worker,. The revolts of these towns
died out one by one, and the revolutionists of th •
provinces were completely disorganized, therefore
Paris had wry litt-'e '„lp from •,,,. quarter. Al.
Thiers suppressed all the goods trains and kept all
t irrespondence dest.n.d for Paris. Thiers struck
a bargain with Bismarck.    The Prussian had sur-
I   ■   ■
•  -.•••■
rendered the neutra^sons  to ii,,- \
Lisssgarsy in hia history of thi Co n   ]t.
all Thiers' crimes, one ol th. n .  ., '
tamly be hia Introducing tne -   .  ,    ra oi i,-
UttO OOr em!  disCOrd-t and   b.
crush Puns. '   One of Thiers
tin- Chamber of Deputies of i- Ki
♦at.  but  a  devoted  member  .i   ■
dressed Thiers mi i placard tl
ment of labor by capital has sh
■on- ol yonr policy, and tt m •■
asm His Republic ->f I abor m • \\; .
N'die, y.-u bars never ressKl to   i
'These ure criminal-*.'
Mart   *■;*.•••-  in  u( iv ti   War  in  $    .
"Tb«- Bnaneial measures of thc <
sbls for their sagacity and moderai
th sneh a» were compatible with the »
aetged town.   Considering the ■- ,
(•tnuaitted opon^the   i > of p,t-
snoial companies and contractor*
tion of Ffaussutsn, -the Commui
iueotaparsbl) better tHle to •-.*■■
than Loots, Nspoieon had .--..■■•
!hi  flobonfotiern v. < the Bug
both have derivi I a Rood deel ol i
church plunder wen nf ceairs*  «
the Commune clearing but **im» fj..
The Commune had g* od otids
maroh let h».*t*- «U th-* Fr-1.- I; i - •
help with Prussian troopa, sll doi
law and order. Teh pre** a* u-..-d
ditions ein-'to" Irj Paris,   The'   ■-* ■
apatches from VerasiJies, ph I      t I'arii
d«kmoniom ol ad tho ■  h ***}o*p °- •"■
theft**   and   rrre   %   efl   masss      I
name*,    v -ording to them a
to venture on the streets; i .%<*•<** , ,    '*
ed by StyOOCf rnffiana were •
Versailles    If. Thiers, leader of the 1
ment at VersaHcs, telegrspbd
(iiptying the princip**' bouses      P
*ell   Hie   furmtllle."     Tl IS   trSVCUCl *
!*(.• street* for the
IS'IS, bad Bo p«'li-.     1   SSSgSrS,'   -   v,
era had only pillaged the guilloUm
of indignation against Paris sferi *
ordeiiiness and tranquility, in a
the Paris malady,
Mart* "Civil  War in Prance,
'Wonderful, indeed, waa ths eb*ng<
had wrought on Paris.   So longer ain ■
mcretrieioos Pana ol the 8« ond Bmi
waa Pans tin- rendervoua of I'Htiah lai
absentees, /Uuerican aleveholders, and •
J.'ussian e\ •erfowners and Wallachian
more corpses at the morgue, no ooeturnal I
aiaroely any robber.' -».••* We,
the Commnni 'hoar no longer ol asssaaii
am! personal ssaault, it n i ms, indi • ■•■
had dragged along with it to Versailles
aervative friends.''
The Commune  bad  a  placard  posted  up
tlotel-de-Villai "Every individual taken
of stealing will be shot''    The Commun.   I "P*
even in the excitement of the battle hsd !
to plunder or murder, whill the Versailles \'Wen
the  Law and Cr<b-r bunch demanded        »*,n8>
masse as soon as Paris has been vanqtlishei
the Commune elsctiona, ,\l. Thiers tel ( "
provinces:   "The   elections   will   t^''   I'1 :|"'   .!.'',|'.'j1'.
without liberty ami without moral guthoril.1
elections were conducted in 8 way been!,: a    '
people.     Al the approach to the halls, "" I"        »
intrigues,   The liberti was so absolute t)»;''
* i
Paris not one single protestation occurreo,
■   , -i.i  Com
The  only reprisals  registered   again-'  u
(Continued on Page 7 WESTERN     CLARION
Continued from Page g)
.   execution ol Clement Thomas, the
■ * ■ ■ *
f i„ue 1848. the inaulter of the revolutionary-
"llu''       ' .
was caught examining the barri-
,    ,,     nother — General beeomte     who was
I:ls garden by the soldiers and shot.
rn ol the National Guard made desperate
them tried by eourt-marttal, but the
ra impatient and Lecomtc who, m the
!,-..■ times commanded fire upon the
, gged for pity, was forced against the
II under the bullets.   When the P
:. ,j. fested by Ihe aid of Biai ai
t< r  the release of thl    Kspoll  «
n we Had the true nature of the Ver-
! Oder gronp.   The blind fury ol tl
raged by the men of las and order,
h ..f the tradsameu wi,.* had
mi    Theft followed maaai
I the furniture and ■ arried "i:
. •,, , i -». proi isions. linens, etc
In the dsrkneas of the nigl I s v
ti anrrounded bj thc Comm
without  respecting thc  laws   .
:        rs lie nest day.
lays he had been eo ;        *
- rs. old uen. won      and
ah ■ *ere ta • stii
I  military Justice admitted  17
ipal eonncU of Paris paid I
burial ef VlfiOO corps- a, bui   •
outside of Paris  S
ef- r»- they were d
il! be ituek up I hi
• re buried  the inhsi	
' I 11 ur ths a "■ bs of th
i -if the night     Son    wen   l
tallies tnd made to kneel   lown iu
ratio duba, and chut -'
■'   of lackeys   : - prosti
lleft'h:    death"'      do   11    I   gO
( -jl em here.**
- atrocities, where cvh   *        w ■■
■  lied ami a soldier of law ai
-       inself bj dividing Ihe proti
I of hi* '-.«> onet, th<   >ff1       i few steps
•      « ,   ,J.»   *.o.   the   botU '  • s    !
rtsl • , <.. aven, und* rtooh to incite I
•. r.st '.\u c oaamune peoph
■ i domination and tl • i  isasi • of tl
• '• *l.cd the blood of <:\ | rs. All
• -   even d the death rattle of tl
■ i    p| loose      The ]if   - •
• rs of assassination, celebrated tl
■ i. - rv. e, at whii h thi    atiri   Ass rably
• ■ •
says-   "Twcnt> five   "
die, killed during tin I itt     three
•t dvnd in prisons, the i I •-'■•*■ the
onscquenee of maladies
eaptivHy* thirteen thousand seven bun
mued, moot of them for life; old m<
:   ' their natural eupp* rt< i** or thrown o il
oni hundred and i lev* u thoussnd o! > i
s   "     ISt) that is the balance sheet of tl
eanec for the solitary Insurrection oi I
Wli of March."
'      Mans "Civil War": "In all ita bl \) ,!1
over tbe aelf-sserilicin*- champions of s new
"'"l better society, thai nefarious civilisation, baa '•
'     "•■ enslavmonl «»f labor, drowns thc moans
f "s vh'tima in a hue and cry of calumny, revet
'"ri"'d by a world-wide echo.   The serene working
:!''''s Paris of the Commune Is suddenly changed
"l,,,n pandemonium by the bloodhounds of "order.
,l!i'1 vl ;>t .iocs this tremendous ohange prove to the
("'r""^ mind of all countries'   Whj   thst tf»«
0roBmne has conspired against civilisation '
"Th" workingmen'a Paris, in the act of iu hcrom
H]iholocaust, involved in its flsmos buildings and
"johnmenta.   While tearing to pieces the living hotly
"" Proletariat, its rulers must no longer cxpeci lo
'"''"'" '""lupbantiv into the Intact erohtteoture of
,,';"r "'""1"H-    The Government  of Versailles cries:
"""'"'""'ism," mid whispers this e«e to all ><<
""s down to the remotest hamlet, to bunt up its
enemies everywhere as susm-M.. , t      *   .
• SUspettS of professional in-
H   '     "'    ih" bourgeoisie of the whole world
*h*h  ooka complacently Qpon the wh<,le*ade mai
'    l^ the battle,.!, convulsed by horror at the
des-eration of brick and mortar."
"When the governmenta give State license lo
;"!'  wvies to kill, hum and destroy, « that a
' T ,f0r in!endUri-K«-   When the British troops
Im Summer Palace of the Chinese Emperor, was that
,nr ******>   ^ben the Prussians, nol for milt-
reasons, but out ofthe mere spite of revenge
; down, by the help ol petroleum, towns like
'" *nd w-niimcrablc villages, wss thai in-
•     WhenThiers, during six weeks bonv
I Paris mdertbe pretext he wanted to set fire
bouses only in whieh there were people, was
:"' incendiarism! In war, fire is an arm as legit-
- sny.   buildings held b)  the enemy are
•et them on fire.   If the defenders have
■ •' "   -ot   i -    ght the fires to prevent
'    make   »se of the buildings.     To 11
: w all ays   eeti Ihe inevitable fate of
ar» situal     in the front of the battle of all
n tea oi thi world.   Bui in the war of the
■   : si tl •• enslavers the only justifiable
*-'■'.■   tl is ia h* no means to hold good."
i on to illustrate the Commune used fire
resort- I to it when the Versailles
pa had uei I  the  w boh sale murder of
- '   '-    :'       -. the < ommuue had long before
''■:    '   ■'  if driven to extremities they
bury ' ■    wives under the   ... - of Paris, and
■ • i s     ■ ; Mos ow.   The Communa knew
t its oppoi    Is cared more for the buildings of
- '       tl    lives ol its people,
P. 75,   Cn il War": u All this chorus of calumny,
■   rty of 1       ; I • rder never fail, in their
• • ' ■ rais against their victims, only
rest • " irg ois f our days considers him-
the legil    .-     , cessor to the baron of old, who
• everi v •pun in his own hand fair against
. while m the hands of the plebian a
I const ituted itself a crime.*'
napii       of s ruling class to break down
R< \  lutii n bj * i ivil War carried on under the
•  , for ign iniader culminated ii
:   Paris    hismarck  gloats over thc
i iii-i   ,:  Pai s ... Ill  gloats over thecadavrea of
the Paris pi   rtariate,    i'or him this is nor only the
o\\tr\ inal      ol ■'•  revolution, but the extinctiou
 With the shallowness, characteris-
pssI ,1 statesmen, he sees but the sur-
s Ii     pudous historic event.   Whenever
I, fore • is history exhibited the spectacle of a con-
,-  .• wning nis victory by turning into, not
. rme. bui the hired bravo of the eon-
,.: g vei   mcnl   There existed no war between
Klin and tl •• Commune of Paris. On the contrary.
•j .  | • .   i,,.,! accepted the peace preliminaries
..,; p. ..... had announced her neutrality.   Prns-
v. , v   ,   ■ no belligerent. She acted Ihe part
■.  ,     ,   owsrdly bravo because incurring no
...    , hired 1 ravo, because stipulating before-
: lymcnl of her blood money of 500 mil-
' s
.n the :'.
And   thus,  at   last.
thc true character of the war. ordained by
,• .  ,. as .! chastisement of godless and d.1-
,.l prance by pious and moral Germany. And
.. j ..,,. ,,.,,!,.;],.,! breach of the law of nations ....
.,;   ,j of aronsing thc civilized governments of Eu-
,   .     .„ dfclare thc felouioUS Prussian Government
c Prussian Cabinet, an outlaw
onlv   incites   them   to   consider
.;.,, more tool of tin
amongst   nations,
whether the few victims who escape the double
pordon ,,,,1!n,i Paris are not given up to the hang-
,, at Versailles.    That after the most tremendous
', , f niodern times the conquered and conquering
hoata should fraterniae for the eommon massacre
of )h,, proletariate   this unparalelled event does
jndicate) not, as llismarek thinks, the final reprea-
. '    - „ „,.,. aoeiety, but the crumbling into dust
sue;  ol   a  in \    s> ^ %      oa
0f (he bourgeois society.
Phe highest heroic effort,
,- Mh;,t the old society is still capable is nationa
.,'|h- thi, is now proved to be 8 mere govern
"* ta| I,,,,,,!,,,,   intended to defer the Struggle of
the classes and to be thrown aside as soon as thc
dart struggle bursts out in a civil war.   Class rule
is no longer able to disguise itself in a national uni-
form. The national governments are one as against
the proletariate While the European governments thus testify before Paris, to the international
character of class rule, they cry down the International Workers' Association—the international
counter organization of labor against the cosmopolitan of capital ... The working men of Paris with
its Commune will be forever celebrated as the glorious harbinger of a new society."
"Its martyrs are enshrined in thc great heart of
the working class. Its exterminators history has
already nailed to that eternal pillory from whicii
all the prayers of their priests will not avail to redeem them.''
The above history from Marx's "Civil War in
France." could, be well transported to the Russian
revolution situation, where the conquered and con-
querors united to put down the proletariate. The
same lying press as to the conditions existing in
Moscow and Petrograd is a repetition of the history of the Pans Commune.
After a knowledge of the above history there is
no difficulty in understanding why the British newspapers of 1870 were against France.
The "Daily News" of 8th August, 1870, gave its
views: "There is no longer any question as to
whether the Germans will take or rather retake Alsace, but rather as to whether, having got it, they
will give it up again. Some 2iK) years back Louts
XIV.. stole it. The lapse of years may hide a
theft, but not the justification of re-conquest. The
population of Alsace is German by origin, by lan-
guage and by custom.*'
The -Times." 14th September, 1870: "Till the
French are ready to recognize that they have acted
unjustly towards their neighbors, and to offer sureties against a repetition of such conduct, the fair demands of the German (40 milliards and Alsace-Lorraine* cannot be considered satisfactory. We can
assure France, if she finds these conditions hard,
that there are many persons in Germany who consider them remarkably light, and who would he only
too pleased to complain at their hereditary enemy
getting off so tightly. Alsace-Lorraine—we mean
Gi i man Lorraine, in other words the possession of
Met/ and a small **trip of Lorraine with the Vosges
and. Alsace—is the minimum condition the peacc-
ioving Germans ean accept as a basis of peace."
For the history of European powers up to
the war from 1S70, read the writer's "Economic
Causes of War." As I have not dealt with the dividing up of Africa. I. will continue the lessons with
that continent's history so far as the European powers are concerned, and conclude the scries with the
Irish question.
This is as handy a way as any to send your sul»s.)
Western Clarion, 401 Pender Steret East
Vancouver, B. C.
Official organ of the S. P. of C.    Published twice
a month,
Subscriptions: Canada. 20 issues, $1* Foreign:
16 issues $1.
Enclosed find 	
Send "Western Clarion' 'to
— of ths —
(Fifth Edition)
Psr copy 10 cents
Per 25 copies   $2
Post Paid 'AGE EIGHT
ing with drum and trumpet, and the fretful, unmusical wheeze of a bilious looking harmonium.
With strident shout, accompanied by a fanatical
rolling of the eyes, threatening and coaxing by turns,
they preach the gospel of salvation by faith alone.
l>ut converts are lacking these days, especially on
this corner, their meeting is soon finished and they
march away, singing in ecstasy, a pitiful spectacle
of human weakness.
Dealing in unsentimental language with tlie facts
of everyday existence, analyzing topical questions
presented by the daily press, explaining the method
and form of production peculiar to Capitalism, which
is directly responsible for the phenomenon of social
distress amidst an abundance of things required for
social comfort, and pointing to the mental apathy
and class ignorance of the workers as being the chief
obstruction to their own welfare, the Socialist speaker, supporting his statements by proving them, makes
an impression on the minds of his listeners that stays
and grows. The continued and increased sale of
literature, the discussion of questions, social and political, in place of trivial gossip in these places where
wage slaves gather, and a better understanding of
the revolutionary movement, this is the object of the
"soap hover," and a worthy recompense for his
* efforts. S. E.
Socialist Party of
, W«.  th*  Socialist Party of Canada affirm our allsa-
fsinc* to, and support of   the principles sjx* program m*
of tba revolutionary  «ortlng alas*.
Labor, applied to natural re-sources, produces ail
wealth. Tbe present economic system le baaed upon
capitalist ownership of the meana of production, oonaa-
quently, all tbe products of Labor belong- to tbe capitalist claaa. The capitalist is, therefor*, master; th*
mrker a slave
So Ions; •*> the capitalist class remain* tn po—ess Ion
of the reins of government all the power* of (he State
will be used to protect and defend it* property rights la
th* means of wealth production and tt* control of th*
product of labor.
Th* capitalist system gives to the capitaliat as armr-
•aeiUng etream of profits, and to the worker, aa *v*r-
ir.creasir.g- measure of misery and degradation.
Th* Interest of the working elaas lie* tn setting Itself
free from capitaliat exploitation by the abolition of tbe
wag-* system, under which this exploitation, at th* point
of production, ls cloaked To accomplish thi* necessitates the transform*t!cn of capitalist property tn the
means of wealth production into socially controlled *oon-
omic forces.
Th* irrepressible confllet of interest between th* capitalist and th* worker necessarily expresses Itself a* a
struggle for political supremacy. Thia Is the Class
Therefore we call upon all workers to organise under
the banner of the Socialist Party of Canada, with tbe
object of conquering the political powers for th* purpose of setting up and enforcing th* economic programme of the working class, as follows:
1—Th* transformation, a* rapidly as possible,
of  capitaliat  property   in   th*     means   of
wealth production (natural resources, factor-
fortes, mill*, railroads,  etc.)_ into collective
mean* of production.
2—The organization and rnaosgwras-nt of Industry
by th* working class.
S—Tbe establishment, as speedily as possible, of
production for us* instead of production for
pro ftt.
Preface by ins author.
132 PAGES.
Per Copy, 25 Osnts.
Tan copies np, 20"oents each.
Pest Paid.
(Continued from Page «
primitive types of mind. ami. slso 88 a  phase o!
State policy. There is. to be sure, the thin wraith
Vitalism -Animism in extremis . held to by a few
intellectuals who arc just posing, I think, ** that
they may seem odd in a mcchsniStlC age
At last, the Rubicon erossed! Scientific thuoght
Ht .inyrate is conscious of the fallacionsaesB of ths
old method of reasoning And IO wide spread is the
indifference to the Animistic conception of supernatural (drees, thsl sre may anytime meet a representative who. almost apropos oi nothing, instate on
declaiming his intellectual emancipation. Happily.
may be. he may do it according to the wisdom of old
Omar, the Persian tent maker, v. ho. 80 long ago per-
cieved behind the pathetic phsntsawagorias ol tha
human mind, a primitive trait at work!
1 t*ent my Soul throuph the Invisible,
Some letter of that AftST-itfC »o s**'ll
* And by ami by my Smil -T-tttrn'd to m*\
And :in?wer'd " I Myself am Heav'n and H»>tl "
HcaVn tmt the Vision of fulfill d l*-t-slr*\
And Hell the Shadow ot s Soul on fin*.
east on the Imrkne?* in*o whkh Ourtolro*.
So late emerged from. --hall so soon axr-lre."
In the opening statement of fart I I Bsid that
although the facts of a social problem may be presented, unanimity <>f opinion was not thus neeen-
sarily ensured, and this. beeatuM of differences in
the points of view from irhfeh fact** were estimated.
Hence, information on facta n*8S not the only SS>
The last observation ia stoiy true [n a limited
sense. Points of view are bat-its of thought which
only break down under the unremitting impact of
new experiences and habits of tisTc ef sufficient dur
ation ami fore.- to replace them with Dap habits «f
thought. But the traditional habit*, ot thought per
sist when they no Hanger 91 the new conditions of
life: though seen  through  the  ir'ammir of the aid
habits of thought their ngnhteanae snd Meaning is
The Animistic conception as 1 have tried to
show, (joes into the lumber room of tunc under the
iinrcniittinir impact of objective experien •
which contradict it. The botrfgCOM point of
view, so far as the totting 8188888 are concerned, is
undergoing a like protean We may eeeeleretc ita
going by presenting the facts of the *->eial <iitn
ation a»- they naiiy are. So may we assist the
material forces oi changes by educating away the
traditions] habits of thought, until ths srhele life
and mind of the isassci of the people i* astnrated
with the npsrard nitration of a proletarian later
nationalism,   pregnant   with   a   inor-dily   and   with
social aspirations all its own.
"L-irg<* Crowds Hear Lecture* on Health.4'    So
read the captions over 8 report of a meeting in the
Wesley Methodist Church in Vancouver.   Ur. .1. ;'.
h'lliot addresses afternoon aud evening meetings on
foods and nutrition, and on over eating, and why
business and professional nun die young. At tbe
close of the lecture the entire audience joined in
health culture exercises, The doctor is reportd u
saying, in part: 'That millions are suffering under
shattered nerves today who might find relief iu a
proper food supply, and proper care of the body.
Many must eliminate half or more of the present
food supply. Eliminate hot breads, pie and cake,
rich and highly Seasoned foods, under shattered
nerves." The report contains much more to similar
effect, but that is the gist of it.
In another report, we read of men walking tin
streets of a prairie metropolis and of having been
without food for two days, being unable to obtain
employment even al the harvest season.
Are those double standards of existcuce singular
—the atarvinir workers iu Begins and she overfed
obesities and nervous wrecks at the Wesley Methodist Church in Vancouver!     Nay, they are gen
cral, as anyone knows!
Literature Price List
Cloth Bound
Positive Outcome of J'hllo»oj*hv   'IH-■■--,*--
Woman Coder Boctathna (Babel)
Kod of th«- World (MoCaba)
Conditions of the Worktaa Class In hWand   ■  isTi
(Kurds > ■ '*"
a ii C of KvoiutioQ (McCabe)
llfonomlfi  ptiTHi-iiiiim  (Pares)
S*>!at!sm ant Modern Helen.**- (K.-rrli
i'hyairal f\a*.t nt Mind snd  Morals  (Fitch)
l-atidi-isrli* of Srlonlifle BoetaUSB*  «Kiu-
laanatrlaJ History ot Dagtaad oi DsGibbinsi
Th-» asnaead Mar* (Avotlag)
!">• tutii-n of the Idea of (It**! (Uran: Ali-
Darvtataaa and Race ""'regress (fiaymft)
Rrototftaa of Prspertj (laataiuae)
CrltSfM <f i\-m*r-ij Basasmi (Mars)
Re-rotation snd Coaster Ravdatkan (ManT)
PMloaophtca] Raasys (Dtofsgse)
History ot t*T»r'» Coaasraaa (Ueaonaray)
Aaefeni Boelotj u. it Mosasn)
latrodaettea to Roclososrj 'Arthur if lA**r\t)
('Mj-dtalist rrtadKiion (First N'tne sad Had   haptsn
• aMlfl!.'1  tnl   1.  (Man)
Rsvaai Bsrvttals (Moor*)
Vt-at ""-rnMsSM in f*orlal evolution <\j>* ■*
H'i«»n'-c sed  ll-nohitlrti  (Cnirrmaa)
i*ho M«tiv*nt Piatotarlal (Lewtt)
Bvotottoa, Boelal «e.d «>rR»ni« (Lavis)
rbo tptmjml RavahttlOS   'Kautsky)
Haas H'ritet-to fKsufsky)
PmrHaaasm (M«*ityi
The WaeMs RarotatttoM (tfot«rmaa)
Klhirs snd It!**' rv f Ka-:t»k-i)
life snd rvath  'TV   C   T--1 hrwsnni
tjtw of -Btofsaasla (Moors]
'■■*• ■ ial Rtodistg n^fflrto-.)
D-rmis of Mind In Tlnr-"* (0   H   Frar.. |
Psp«r Covers
T«o Bssajrs on HUtorj d   fKecaeM    sad f* '**■■
Tho Crnatoal C-Mnrt Judire snd Tho <»d Tn<-k (I d
'*omm»in'»t   S-|-.n.f-Mite
U'sr-* tjt'nr snd <"**r»Uat
Th*-- Press■! gfoaositf ^rs!«-m (Prat w a Doacsr)
illsm  t?t<*f4aa »od #».*i*»n*i6'-
8Htsj of tht» Psrai
Ifaathauo, *   P of C
BfBtnUos si V-B fProl IMseae)
<"*«*#** #>f n*!«<-f in f«od rtsniiiroa)
T^o Btraetare si Bevte* Rossis fffosssortM
^hop T*fk« «-rn Briooowlri (Marcy)
Vonaa, Pries aad Frail 'M*nti
t^onomk CaaOM ot War (Lsettstl
Th*- rvrM#rtlon of ljit»r*r in K->t!-»r RmsM (Rap ■
rfefl Wsr tn rran-** (MSfX)
t'lrh'^-^rih  BraaMtrs fVar*}
< hr'»*'*nf«m and ' V?mm»in*»m CP'thop W  M  Rt sn
Qu*r*t*»-/  P»*tm on  P*p*r Cov*-***;*  Pi-*-*p*->'t
P*f Copy
ii n
81 TS
i: |
T»o K««*ts on lll-ttory
^riroinai COarl hute*
cennm^niat Mm^'trf r*.
RrsgS-JJStssr «nd r«r>tiat
f*r---«-*ti f>on*-ml-% *t*rsft»n*
Bodaltaas. ITfOfdan sn<l j*-***nUft<-
Hist---  af th# Farm
Msntfi-s^o of H   p  of <*
R-rolni'ton of MSa
Coaaas of H-*ii«-f tn-t-^t
Vtlitr. r*rl<*«- and Vm*'
Kronomtr rooaet el Wsr
;* coptft   ■*
r ******* "■
H oofSsj t."
to Mesa ss.so
*•  oa*M it'"
-- ^.,-'»- tun
** if
to  ropis* II**
-I .« r *■
..   R   -■•■■• •* *
piss r .*:
If c*o*4ss B
.   • H il R
CftftstauHaai «nd CaaasiBaRaB
All Priets loclud* Pestso*
Xfale-- all  m^^rs  psjyobte  to R   MctsOd.  »1 rHrnttt
Sirret. r**t. Vsn**onr*r. fi  C     tsM Stseoeal ot A**}*m
Ml aiaVS t.^ro'yr-p ran 1-** OtRatead Si l8« '*'*'•• V"**
f>ost paid, from   ;   <*a^t-*mnn. riox IT8I   **-'   ' '■■■c v,sB
Tbe norhiess, io bitter jest, mount,the blocs •
Boston romniMii. sytd < ffer theaaselvci f« N•,li', *•
slaves: "How much.'* putters tbe aoctioneer, '
this voang retarned soldier! Oooie on, s^ntinsis
BMtke yonr bids, how uiiieh* Ooingl a*oii --•' s"ru,!
in Prance (0 make the -v.rl.l safs, »;•''
bids I Cet down you. you're not asnted I
put up his dog, and it soils f«»r five dollsra
* They clamor around the poor law relet' offieei.
bugs foneonrses of tin- worldsss, In Oresl Bnitw
Oreat Britain and the United states sw ihi rw»-
ent and ilie most powerful 'countrie*i m the 'v"nJ
leaders in a civilisation whose productive rapsci
in the mcaiiH of life and well-being, eieeeds anytnnif
ever dreamed of in previous times    Mut it I"
f i   It
I'ower of the rich, and thc riches of the <>\•••>''''•
is productive capacity regulated in the nt',r,s' °
profitable price: if is industrial processes asbotSg*
for husiuesa pa^MMRM running contrary to '''< n ,l
v of the communitiesi needs for that full measure o
111 things which a full exertion of our seeisl po*e
in production, in a BVStem of produotion for »s •
would give lo them. ..
Hut we have the profit system calb-.l cSpit*
and the typical accompaniment* of it* wdesp
iineninloyment and  poverty of the thing! "
among the working class: and a vast prcoeeup*
and concern ns to their own health by the over*
I . B.


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