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Western Clarion Mar 1, 1913

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 . "ito. iwrit. .'rwwirrMBB
Owned and con-
Jolted by  the
■•.ocialist   Party
of Canada
WE STERN CLARION
Published itf the
nteres} of  the
Working   Claw
alone
NUMBER 694
3V
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,, SATURDAY, MABCH 1,  1913.
Subscription Price
PER YEAR
75<-
THE MEXICAN REVOLUTION AND
HISTORIC MATERIALISM
Lust For Profits and the Necessity of a Market for
Capitalists Spells Destruction to the Workers
Few countries in the capitalized
\ rld haVe hail their names mention-
j ed so frequently In the dally press dur-
j ,ng the past few years as the Republic
'• of Mexico. Hardly a month has psbs-
d by in the course of these years,
vithotit reading startling reports from
I some section of this rich Republic re-
* zardtng revolts and rebellions among
ilhe various factions who have at different times, secured control of the
governmental machinery. But. prob-
« ably at no other time during this
! period have those little revolts been
[ mentioned so prominently and bo frequently as ihey have in the past few
weeks, and there are. we will also
notice, good and sufficient reasons for
inch being the case.
Mexico of today  Is not the Mexico
of fifty years ago. At that time little]
or no outside capital was Invested in j
her n:i**es, railways, farms and other.
i   branches of Industry. This capital was
1 not then Invested, for the simple rea-
dero Is proclaimed the nominal ruler,
It Is King Capital alone who at all
times Is clothed with power.
In his report to the American embassy, Provisional President Huerta
makes the statement that "he will
make safe the Investment of money
and render secure the lives and Interests of all the people" (money of course
we mention llrst on the list with the
lives of the people a secondary consideration). What methods Huerta
may have to adopt to accomplish his
purpose is, to be sure, another question, but if it comes to a choice between destroying property and sacrificing life so that "law and order" may
be maintained, we can depend upon it
that human life Is by all means the
least important of the two.
Hut now that we have reviewed at
some length the position occupied by
capital In the Mexican Republic, and
the reasons why our dear cousins
across the line are devoting them
selves  so  earnestly   to  the  cause
FOOD FOR POWDER
QUESTION8   FOR   WISE   GUYS.
The "Oakland World," after quoting     4* it not true that there  ls land
the clause from the Dick Militia Bill,  eaoa^b to r*l»e aU the looi tnat can
..„. . „ ,„ be eaten?   Ia there any lack of boards
that  renders all  males over 18 and      ■    ^^ and ,ron an„ g,a8g wlth
less than 45 years of age in the U. 8. w^ch -^ make aj* the houses that
liable to active service at home or could be lived in? Cannot a suf-
abroad, has the following to say about j Accent supply of wool and cotton and
the agitation by the capitalist press'linen be produced to make all the
for intervention by. the U. 8. govern-' ctythes that can be worn?
ment in Mexico:— I    Are there  not workers enough to
So. you see,   brothel   workingman ,1 Prpauce aU tne8e tb****r   ,
you belong to, what Is virtually the'    *™ there ™* *«"*?" of .   .
Standing^™,-** the United State.,  ™>men wh0 do not *fve «n°,Ugh   °
,f., 7\,_      „   . ...    „    i   eat or to wear, or a decent place in
and are liable to the call of the Presl-, """■ " /"      . *
which to live?
men and
dent at any moment. You may be called upon to go down to Mexico and
protect American property, though in
your "Own United States" you are not
permitted to possess any.
The Oakland Tribune, and all that
portion of the capitalist press which
represents American capital in Mexico
are calling loudly for "intervention."
Now "intervention" means, in all
probability, nothing less than a prolonged and bloody war with Mexico.
For the people of Mexico have not forgotten 1846, when tbe United States
in its war of conquest ruthlessly robbed the Mexicans of the rich empire
now known as New Mexico, Arizona
and California; for the working class
J of "our sister republic" have learned
Are  there   not  millions   of  unem-
* ployed persons who are willing and
Site to produce the things that these
en and women need? Would they
not willingly produce these things if
they could get to the raw materials
from which they are produced and the
machinery with which to work?
Are these would-be workers not
prevented from getting to the raw
material and the machines by the
fact that these things are privately
owned?
If the working class collectively
owned the materials and the machines, could they not use them to
produce wealth till all wants are
satisfied?
Do not those who do the work of
WHAT CONSTITUTES HUMAN
PROGRESS-PROFITS ?
The Path from the Cave to the Steel Mill a "Via Dolorosa" for the Workers
0fJ by bitter experience that the Amerl-j the world, combined with those who
n capitalists are, If possible, more! are   shut   out   from the opportunity
: among Mexican workers.
In the large plantations of the Yu-
**• -on that there were other and richer
| fields in existence, offering to the pos-
| Bfluors of capital far greater returns
* nn their Investments. It was naturally. ,
°™ -      . ,   ,.   .   catan. the "peones,    as the  laborers
I in thos'* richer and safer channels that ■      ,   ' yz        ,, „   .     .
j minus.      ■■-. ..and t ers of the soil are called, are
=■ the stream of capital flowed. But, aw- ,        ..
the sawn ui -.*-,- i» , •. d        n,-Pl|   in most cas:Si from those
f ing to the great development that has.
peace, 1 intend, before closing, to takejcan  c*t
a glance at the conditions prevailing ||,rllel   and  relentless  in  the  exploits
| tion of labor than are their own ruth
taken place In industry and commerce
Who were owned by the landowners on
i tn the last quarter of a century  those Itn-" MDM Plantations three or    four
\ older fields, which    for   many ' yearg' generations ago. In every sense of the
i were considered the haven of invest-;w"r<1 the>' are   stl"    cl,aUel    slave8'
5ment, have arrived at that  stage of  u0UKht and tlwl t0 the soil llke raa"
llarge production where outside capital jchines and caU,e* lndor ,he *******
{ll no longer needed. The moneyed in- of makin-- ll a''>-ear that ih^ are free*
Iterests. whose one aim and ambition Jthe masler" allow lhem wages amount-
iii to   secure    the    largest    pog8|bie: lnK'o twenty or thirty cents a day, a
Umount of profit, regardless or what' "um b* n0 me*n» *»u«ncient to maln-
fcountries or what industries can sup-!,aln ,ht?8e 8,ave8 from one day t0 an*
Soly their needB. have found it neces- "ther. eo ,nat lhey are forced ,0 re*
i ?«ry to turn their attention to other main in «»e service of their masters
I .*ands whose  natural   resources  were un,il   ,he debt they have contracted is
" fiol yet exploited. In    Mexico,    then.,who11-' Pald' whlch of cuuree' ,s never'
But why does the American govern-
less slave-drivers.
The invasion of Mexico by the United States for the protection of predatory capitalist interests would serve
to unite, temporarily at least, the now
warring factions of that unhappy country, and cause the spilling of rivers
of working-class blood.
Needless to say, neither the capitalists themselves nor any of their
favored mouth-pieces who are now
shouting for intervention would rush'
"to the front" of anything but the office building, just to give the "boys in
blue" a good send-off.   Sure!"
ol yet exploited. In    Mexico,
I bey have found a market for   their
Iturplus wealth. Aa one writer has said
|'Mexico is a beautiful  country  with
?an almost perfect climate." and that
| tuch is the case we can readily under-
I Hand when we know that cereals of all
| kinds, and fruits of every variety grow
jj there In abundance. Not only are there
| agricultural products to be grown and
[  exported, but also other industies such
i   as stock raising, commerce, and mining offer splendid returns to the kings
of finance. All this discovered, we need
little wonder that, since the beginning
of the present century the Influx of
capital from the United States, England, France and Germany, has   been
very great. American financiers In particular have made   of   Mexico   their
adopted home. Fifty-eight per cent of
all the imports are received from the
I'nlted States, and eighty per cent of
the exports find a market In the same
direction;  such being the case, lt Is
only reasonable to admit    that    the
commercial bond between the   Bister
Republics has, on account of these reciprocal   relations,   become     greatly
■strengthened. We have only to read
some of the despatches from the Associated Press to know for ourselves
that this Is so.
In the opening years of industrial
development In Mexico, the governing
powers of the country were centred in
the hands of a modern "Bismarck,"
who became, by the aid of a largo
•standing army, the supreme dictator e?
the land over which he was elected to
preside. While this condition of affairs
prevailed, law and order .were of
course most rigidly enforced, and
■"•'hat Is known in bourgeois annals as
* "stable government" waB also assur-
P{i; but no sooner did the Iron heel
of Porflrlo Diaz begin to weaken than
revolt and insurrection became the
Predominant sights and sounds from
the mountains of Chihuahua In the
north to Vera Cruz In the south.
The large Investments of our captains of industry began to appear as
•hough they were placed in a very
dangerous position Indeed. If there
was nothing to be produced in Mexico
but sage brush, and sand-stone; If the
wealth of our Morgans, our Hearsts
and our Bryans was not located within
the confines of this southern Republic,
why, no more attention would be paid
to those little scraps and revolts
among the ambitious natives than was
i'ald to the cannibals ln the South Sea
Islands when they killed and ate each
other.
Here, however, conditions are different. There Is an enormous amount
of capital that must be safeguarded,
<npltal that was Invested for the one
•"id only purpose of producing more
wealth and larger profits. Little differ-
•"nee does lt make to those in control
Whether Diaz,  ■■uerta, Reyes or Ma-
ment not come to the assistance of
these inhabitants of Mexico, whose
very lives are at the disposal of another class, and whose welfare should
be of more importance than the worthless heads of a Juarez or Madero? The
answer is simple.
All governments are the tools and
instruments of the ruling class, so no
matter what principles may be at
stake it is only the wishes and inter-
r-sts of this class that will be granted
and maintained.
j. a. Mcdonald.
RUSH    IN    THE    8UBS.
to work and live, have a majority
of the votes? Can they not use
this majority to capture the government? When they have captured it,
cannot they use it as their agent to
hold the titles to the things with
Which goods are produced?.
Is it not to the interest of this majority to do this? Are they not going to be forced to take such action
by the inevitable trend of social
events?
These are plain, simple questions
and if they can be answered in the
negative then Socialism can be proven
false and foolish.
Why do not some of the wise ones
answer and expose the evils and fallacies of Socialist philosophy?
THE   MINERS'   STRIKE   IN   BRIEF.
In order to catch labor votes the
OPPRESSED TOILERS
N'o one at all conversant with world
affairs at the present time can escape
the conclusion that the by no means
distant future holds in store for humanity some swift, sweeping and far
reaching changes tn social an-J industrial institutions. There is evidence
upon every hand to conclusively si-ow
that capitalist civilization has already
passed the zenith of its power and is
oven now tottering upon its slave
foundations in such a manner as to
portend Its rapid approach to that
oblivion it is so justly entitled to
adorn by virtue of its crimes and iniquities.
Capitalist rule is no longer tole~a-
de. Under it humankind is no longer
able to provide for its material exlst-j
ence.    Millions    are    In    open    •""-••"•I
JEALOUS OF THE RICH.
Some years ago, a serious riot oc-
tals by Anglo-Saxons. The disturbance wa*s, as usual, blamed on the
workingmen of the city.
Since then an agitation, sometimes
bitter, sometimes desultory, has been
arried on in favor of a "white B. C."
Some of this agitation has at times
emanated from union labor, but since
McBride   government   enacts   legisla- jcurred in the "Chinatown" of Vancou-
tlon protecting workers in mines.        Wor, being an attack upon the OrieU
The mine-owners proceed to disregard the law, knowing why it was
passed.
A unin man is discharged and black-
Used for rying to have the law enforced.    Miners go on strike.
Special police, gunmen and sand-
baggers immediately sent to the scene
to jostle, bully, insult and intimidate
everybody but shareholders ln the
ines.    This is to "preserve order."
Conservative government says it
"cannot interfere between capital and
labor." Keeps right on doing its duty
by capital in attempting to crush the
workers.
Strike is said to have been turned
into an attempt to chase all Socialists
off Vancouver Island. McBride government especially interested in this.
Finrlly (perhaps) workers throughout B. C. at last see what Socialists
have been teaching and Conservatives
illustrating for "years, land Send a
large number of Socialist workingmen
to represent them in parliament.
It is often said that the civilized
man cannot understand the savage.
If this ls true (and of its truth there
can be little doubt) it Is at all events
not altogether surprising. The more
surprising, and not less correct, statement is that the civilized man does
not understand himself.
It may be as correct to say that that
savage does not understand the civilized man; but the ironical element of
the situation is that the "superior"
being (to remove any doubt I had
better say that by this I mean the
civilized man) not only has to see
the savage through the savage's eyes
in order to understand him, but he has
to see himself through the savage's
eyes in order to understand himself.
The outlook of the savage upon life
and his "inlook" upon himself, can
only be understood by the civilized
man through the reconstruction of the
social system in which the savage
lives. Only after doing this; only after
building up anew the social system
based upon the free and common access to all the sources of wealth and
the free and common enjoyment of
the social wealth, it is possible to
realize the self-abnegation, the sinking
of the individual in the community,
which is characteristic of the mentality of the savage and the barbarian.
On the other hand, so accustomed
has the civilized man become to the
life he is living, so perfectly do his
conceptions of things as they ought
to be fit in with things as they are,
that all the unfitness and inconsistencies and incongruities of his environment are hidden from his sight.
If he could only realize that things
as they are make his conception of
things as they ought to be! If he
could only understand that, in order
to perceive things as they are he must
view them from the place where they
are not! If he could only grasp the
fact that before he can conceive things
"as they ought to be," he must release his mind from the rusty fetters
of things as they are.
An ethnologist of sufficient standing
to get his bread buttered on both
sides and round the crust by the approved capitalist method of "skating
on the surface" of his science, has told
us concerning the North American Indians, that they could not be induced
to work steadily for wages;  they la
"white"   men   have   been   discovered*
taking   the   places  of   Chinamen  on' bored for a time, but would suddenly
^^^^_^__ revolt
against its baneful sway and th<*se
are being added to with sin h rapidity
that they will soon become an uacon-
queiiLin Inst, f iu. the dov.i of capitalism lie v nled.
If the movement of the oppressed
toilers of the world against their brutal exploiters is anything. It is essentially revolutionary. It can make for
nothing short of the abolition of Ihe
wage system upon which is builded
the entire structure of capitalist robbery and rule, lt means the downfall
and death of Capital and the uprise
of l^ibor to freedom and life,
To attain to the mastery of industry upon which their freedom from
capitalist bondage and exploitation depends, renders it necessary that the
workers, as a class, gnin control of
the machinery of government, as it is
through control of this powerful Instrument of repression alone that
their capitalist masters are enabled to
hold them In subjection to their merciless proflt-mongerlng scheme. As the
workers greatly outnumber their exploiters, victory ls easily within reach
once the workers become conscious of
their class Interests and the power
that comes from overwhelming numbers. Under such circumstances, it is
ridiculously folly to even suggest a
resort to any subterfuge for the purpose of disguising the revolutionary
purpose of the movement of Labor
against Capital. It should be openly
proclaimed from the housetops so that
all may know and none be deceived.
Let It bo hurled ln tho teeth of our
capitalist enemy that he is to be ruthlessly stripped of his power to rule
and rob. That his alleged property
rights are to be abrogated with as
little conscience nml Bcruple as has
been shown by the capitalist class itself in riveting the chains of slaveryI
upon the limbs of Labor.
Show your interest in the movement  by  working for it.
o paper can lay claim to being a
Socialist publication unless the reader
can acquire from Its columns a knowledge of the trick whereby the worker
is   robbed.
The National Biscuit Company, the
cracker trust, is now making l'.OOO
different  kinds  of  crackers,  for  the
strike, it has somewhat slackened
from that source. The Conservative
party of the province has always advertised itself as being opposed to
Oriental immigration. A story is told
that at a banquet some time ago the
Premier, Sir Richard McBride, made
a very vigorous speech in favor of a
"white B. C." .lust as the knight was
in the midst of a particularly flam-
buoyant sentence, a white-coated
Chinaman appeared with a tray bearing liquid refreshments for the party.
Now comes a letter in the World
newspaper giving the real basic reason for anti-Oriental agitation. The
writer of the letter suggests that the
following resolution be passed by
every board of trade and public body
in B. C:
"That it is urgently necessary that
the Provincial Government be, and it
is hereby petitioned to enact such
legislation as will prohibit Orientals
from becoming the registered owners
of real estate within this Province,
unless such Orientals are British subjects by birth or naturalization, and
most part the work of girls tolling at
the latest patterns of Improved ma-|that copies of this resolution be for-
ohlnery.    All men In the cracker In-'warded to our representatives in the; what he has consumed and the power
become tired of it, and, would rather
sacrifice what they had earned than
continue to work a day or two longer
and complete their contract. This was
a mystery to the "scientist," but it
should be illuminating for the civilized
man who is willing to stand in the
savage's shoes in order to understand
himself.
In the savage mind the selling of
one's energies to another is prostitution of the vilest kind, and a thing
not to be contemplated without disgust—and who can say that he is not
right?
The savage may have his hard-J,
ships, but he is a free man. However
hardly the seasons may press him,
or the elements contest his right to
exist, while he does exists he lives.
All that is good in nature is his in
abundance, with the single exception
of food. He has room to live in, and
he has time to live, or him the sweet
breezes blow fresh and untainted, and
the scented dawn ushers the day of
joyous life. His work is performed
in the sun and air of open day, and
no stingy balance is struck between
dust ry are being rapidly displaced by
girls.
Dark clouds are hovering over the
German empire these days. The Imperialists are anxious to start a war
but if they do it will likely be their
finish because the bulk of the German
people will oppose it. and it will probably cause internal strife.
RUSH    IN    THE    8UB8.
parliament of British Columbia as well I he has gained from it. Only when the
as to our representatives in the Do-1 seasons have been unpropitious and
minion parliament." niggard   does   he   know   want,   and
A Chinaman cannot become a "nat- anxiety as to his livelihood is foreign
urallzed   British  subject."    This  race  to him, for all his hard  poverty and
has, however, shown itself to be ex-1 his slender resources,
ceptionally  keen  in a  business way. I    The savage views his strength, his
Many of Its members have become ex-j skill,  his  courage,  as  sacred  to the
NOTICE!
Those readers who receive
this paper by mall, and have not
already subscribed, can consider
the receipt of thla copy as an
Invitation to do so. No more
free copies wlll be Issued.
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M. O's., etc., payable to The
Western Clarion, 516 Main St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
tremely wealthy In Vancouver, some,
Indeed, passing the million mark. A
good deal of this wealth has been
won in the real estate game. Thus it
is easy to see that the sentiment contained in the above resolution, the
sentiment behind the anti-Asiatic
riots and the sentiment behind the
bulk of anti-Asiatic agitation, is merely petty jealousy on the part of our
most respectable citizens, of those
who have beaten them at their own
game. As for workingmen', since the
country doesn't belong to them, it
matters little who owns it.
SLIM COMFORT.
Poverty is no disgrace, but that's
about all that can be said in its favor
—Detroit Free Press.
purpose of making the most of life; as
social assets contributory to the social welfare, and one holding that
view can hardly do other than regard
the man who gives over his strength
and skill to another for a price as a
prostituted person aud scorn him as
such.
This view is the correct oae, -notwithstanding that our "high civilization" does not permit us to see it save
through the fresh, clear vision of.
primitivo man. Think! The strength
of human muscles, the intelligence of
human brain, have been wrought out
of untold ages of strife with the external world, the human struggle for a
living. They have been perfected
through an appalling space of evolution in order to make a bed of roses
for the chero'or' compound which con*
trois them, but for this high purpose
they have been diverted. They hare
been sacrificed to Mammon—the historic mactation before which all
others pale.
Yes' so low have the strength of
human muscles and the intelligence
of human brain fallen in the hey?day
of our "high civilization" that they
are devoted to the base end of increasing existing values, of producing proflt
for a class of absorbent, but nevertheless inactive, chemical compounds,
who would soon i esolve into their simple elements if they were left to their
own resources.
O! foul prostitution!
What this prostitution means to the
victims of it stragnely enough they
are the last to perceive. They give
up every joy of life in order to gain
bare half rations. While they pour
out their heart's blood in a torrent of
wealth for others to riot and exult in,
they sink to the floor of their threshing dens overwhelmed with the grain
they produce but may not eat, and
perish for want of the wealth in which
they are buried.
When some novelist paints with
vivid touch the wretched Roman
slaves toiling in tbe wheel and muzzled in order that they shall not eat
the flour they are grinding the modern
toiler feels cold-footed spiders running
over his face. Yet his own position is
very much the same. The muzzle is
exchanged for blinkers, but he still
painfully grinds the corn which he
jnay not eat, he still wears his life out
In unrequited labor, and drains the
cup of misery to the very last bitter
dregs.
Fellow workers, you can only live
once. Ask yourself now much of that
life you spend upon yourselves, and
how much upon those who hold you
in their grip ln order to batten upon
you, as the ant battens upon the aphis,
which it "cultivates,"
What do you know of the sun and
fresh air? There are 168 hours in ft-
week, and lucky for you if you have
six or eight of those hours "a place
in the sun." The rest of the time you
are either slaving or recuperating.
One hour in twenty, one day in
twenty—that is your lot and portion
in your own life. You exist for thirty
years, on the average, and you "live"
for eighteen months!
O! those eighteen months of crowded delirium, overshadowed as they are
by the pinching poverty which requires toil, and the anxiety of caring
for the morrow; purchased as they are
with so many years of weary effort
and hopeless drugery; drenched as
tbey are with the blood of murdered
hopes and wet with tears; are they
worth it? are they worth it? are they
worth it?
When I hear an old man of the
working class whose life has been cast
in the common groove of those about
him, whose back has bent to the common burden, and whose hair hag
whitened in the common woe—when I
hear such a man declare that he has
not had enough of it and more than
enough of it, and wish himself young
again, then will I say, yes, erhaps
they may be worth lt.
Where is the need of all this grinding, wearing anxious poverty? The
savage never knew it. He starved
only in a rare and exceptional season
of dearth, the barbarian who came
after him, and the early husbandman
who plowed with slow oxen, and sowed
broadcast, and threshed out the summer's grain with a flail In the dull
days of the winter; who spun each
thread of yarn for his clothes through
his fingers, and shot the shuttle for
every strand for his wearing—these
never knew the anxious care and stint
in which the modern worker fashions
his strength into wealth for other's
keeping.
The average wheat crop ln mediaeval
England was four bushels an acre,
and it was garnered with great labor—
the average crop at the present day
Is thirty-two bushels, prepared for
with the steam plow, the Darby digger
and (latest word in such matters) the
motor plough; sown with the seed-
drill, hoed with the horse hoe and
cultivator; cut and tied with the
reaper and self-binder; threshed out
and winnowed and cleaned and sacked
by the threshing machine. Yet the
sickle an the flail gave the workers
plenty to eat and abundant leisure,
while all these aids to easy production have brought them only unceasing drudgery and starvation.
Why is it?
(Continued on Page Four.)
■
1
.   1,1 -i mil i,l amtetar* PAGE TWO
THE  WESTERN  CLARION, VANCOUVER,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY,   MARCH   1,  1913.
mm r o T r n || pi i BI fl II elections are to be held ln the spring,
IV LO I tKN If L AMUR preceding or synchronising with the
^^jT^smTfT^A^l—t>y~~thi! exPected Dominion elections, demand-
7 ->^_Otui»a»_ at the oaeejed that a paper be forthcoming with
Vnt-lisl-ed
Socialist Party    _^^^^_^^^__
of Tbs Western  Clarion, 510 Kate It.,
Vancouvsr, B. O.
Knbaoriptlon
75 cents per year, 40 cents for six
months, 2U cents for three months.
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f-QK Watch the label on your paper.
"SATURDAY,  MARCH  1,  1913.
RE8URGAM.
Locals and Comrades throughout
the Dominion will notice that The
Western Clarion is again being published under the control of and owned by the Socialist Party of Canada
and not as a private enterprise, as
was the original intention. The
causes which have induced the Executive to make the change are here
the least possible delay, and the Dominion Executive had no funds. The
only other alternative to the Agreement was to continue the Party Bulletin, and sit back and wait until $700
or 11000 had been collected to start
a party-owned paper with a fighting
chance of existence over the first
critical weeks. Rightly or wrongly,
the Dominion Executive chose the
Agreement, and by a rapid sequence
of events the possibility of publishing
a party-owned paper was revealed. To
continue to adhere to the first proposition in face of the demand for party
ownership would mean failure, and
render the collection of money for the
publication of a paper in the future an
Immensely difficult task.
The price of the paper has been reduced from %1 to 75c a year, 40c for
six months and 20c for three months.
Sub-niBtlers and Locals can secure
sub.-cards at 5c below these rates (if
desired). The reason for the reduction
was mainly the need for a largely increased circulation of our propaganda
In the Maritime Provinces, where conditions seem to be ripe for the production of a first-class revolutionary
movement, but it is also expected to
result in .a larger circulation through-
When the present Dominion Execu-1 out the cent-belt. where a dollar looks
tive came into office, they also came
into possession of a bankrupted
treasury and the corpse of a deceased
party organ, the expenses of whose
funeral saddled them with a debt of
$250 for printing, etc., incurred in the
last few months of its existence.
They faced the task, formidable at
any time, but doubly bo under the circumstances, of paying off the debt of
$250 in 90 days and resurrecting the
Clarion with the least possible delay.
Local Vancouver No. 1 came to the
rescue with an order for $125 for sup-
flies and literature, paid in advance,
which was imediately voted to Com.
Kingsley as part payment on the debt.
A breathing spell thus obtained, the
question of a party organ was taken
up, and various methods discussed,
but voted to be unsatisfactory In view
of the delay they entailed. Com. Matthews then submitted his proposition,
and in view of the urgent need for a
paper, and the fact that Com. Matthews had the confidence of the Executive as an exponent of the principles of the Party, it was finally accepted and the agreement signed by
both parties. The proposition was at
once put before the Party, and donations to the Subsidy Fund called for.
The response, considering the fact
that it was a private enterprise to be
subsidized by the party (although
"value for value" was the way the parties to the agreement looked at it)
was gratifying, over $60 being subscribed in less than three weeks; but
corespondence from Locals and comrades, while showing the desire for a
paper at any cost, did not manifest enthusiasm at the prospect of such being
privately owned.
Local Calgary, after considering the
proposition, forwarded to the Dominion Executive Comimttee their disapproval of the principle of private ownership. As this Local elects the Alberta Provincial Executive and as that
province stands second in Canada in
membership and locals, the Secretary
was instructed to write them and set
forth at length the reasons for the
Agreement being accepted by the Dominion Executive Committee. This
was done, but in the meantime the
sentiment for party ownership devel
oped strength in Vancouver and it was
realised that outside of the coast Locals, the Interior Locals, with few et
captions, were not supporting tha
scheme as well as expected. The real
lsation of this position raised doubts
as to the success of tbe scheme, for It
would be beyond the power of the
coast Locals and scattered comrades
who had supplied the bulk of the Subsidy Fund, to make it a success, if thc
Alberta movement took the cue from
Oalagry Local and "stood pat" for party ownership.
At a meeting specially called by the
ecretary on Thursday, Feb. 20th, at
which Com. MatthewB was presented
the situation was fully discussed and
as a result the Agreement was cancelled by mutual consent.
But the very reasons that Induced
tbe Executive to cancel the Agreement pointed the way to a solution
If the party and Its supporters, after
such a long perlor of stagnation, were
sufficiently anxious to help the Execu
tive to get out a paper, even on the
basis of a private enterprise, as to
■end In $60 In less than three weeks
a response much greater could reason
ably be expected if the Dominion Exe
Dative assumed the responsibility of
publishing the paper on the basis of
complete ownership and control being
Tested in the party.
The Executive accordingly took the
step and their confidence was Justified
locally by the Increased activity dls
played by members of Vancouver Lo
eal No. 1 ln rustling subs, when the
decision arrived at was made known.
The Executive is now looking for
increased support from Locals, comrades and supporters of the party, from
Pacific to Atlantic.
The fact that the Alberta provincial j
pretty good to the unskilled worker.
While sufficient funds are in sight to
warrant the belief that the paper is
here to stay, Locals and comrades are
asked to continue the payment of the
assessment and contributions, which,
with the amount already received for
the Subsidy Fund, will be turned into
the "Clarion Fund," to be devoted to
the upbuilding of the paper. The more
subs sent in, of course, the sooner the
assessment can be dropped, but as a
precautionary measure it iB advisable
to continue it. It will help to provide
for the Binews of war, and can be
diverted to other purposes if the good
of the movement calls for it.
The Dominion Executive Committee
realise that they are the elected ore*
cials of the party, not its bosses, and
while of necessity accorded a free
hand in matters of minor importance,
they are earnestly desirous of correctly interpreting the wishes of the party
as a whole, and acting in accordance
therewith in matters of crisis and
mergency such as the present It is
their hope that this explanation of th°
reasons for following the course taken
will meet with the approval ot and
gain the energetic and practical support, not only of the comrades of B. C.
and Alberta, but of all Socialists in the
Dominion.
On behalf of the Dominion Executive Committee,
J. H. BURROUGH, SecreUry.
LAW AND ORDER AT PORCUPPINE
In another column we print, by request, an account of happenings in
the already sufficiently notorious district of South Porcupine, Ont., in
which is once more made manifest the
true function of those two departments of the capitalist machinery of
government, the police and the Judiciary. We in British Columbia also
tell a tale of similar delicate attentions from the powers that be, on
occasion, when by exercising the
wage-slave's "privilege" of abstaining
from tbe pleasures of work for a season, we have interrupted the flow of
profits into the coffers of those "to
whom God, In His infinite wisdom,"
has committed the natural resources
of Canada. Last year's strike on the
C. N. R., the present one on Vancouver Island in the coal mines of the
same murderous outfit, the G. T. P.
strike, and, to go further back, that of
some years ago on the Fraser River
by the fishermen, all serve equally
well to "point the moral and adorn
the tale."
The position of the working class
of today, in their relation to the master class, Is exactly similar to that
previously occupied by their predecessors ln the chattel-slave and feudal
serf "civilizations." Born in slavery,
reared in the surroundings of slavery,
the plastic mind of his youth warped,
twisted and perverted from all manly
and human semblance by a slave's
education, from tben on robbed of the
fruit». of his toil (barring a slave's
portion) by the most inhuman and
merciless system and exploitation the
world has ever seen and finally,
broken in health, enfeebled by premature old age, to be cast aside to die
a slave's death, ls the lot that capitalism reserves for its victims. The
old proverb has It that "the road to
hell ls easy," and the modern wage—
slave can well believe it, for he can
conceive of nothing worse than the
hell Into w'llch he is born.
The experience of the miners of
Porcupine If" nothing new. It Is repeated with monotonous regularity,
year In and year out wherever the
capitalist system exists. From Japan
to England, from Queensland to Russia, the same treatment, varying but
slightly ln the measure of its brutality, ls accorded those who have the
courage and hardihood to endeavor to
gain some respite and relief from the
galling chains of servitude.
To reach or to maintain a sufficient
supply of the barest human requirements, tbe workers have, from time
immemorial, utilized the method of
collective bargaining with their masters. The modern system of production has massed multitudes of workers around its vast undertakings, and
the international character of the
capitalist organizations, the purchasers of labor-power, is fast compelling
the workers, who bave only it to sell,
to extend the scope of their own organizations In order that they may
not be utterly at a disadvantage when
the periodical bargaining time comes
around. Agreements aa to the amount
of "hay and oats" measured ln money,
that the sellers of labor-power are. to
receive from the masters of bread are
signed and broken by the latter at
the flrst opportunity that presents itself of securing a cheaper supply of
laborers. The strike follows, and the
strikers quickly receive a lesson as to
in whose hands lies the administration
of that "equality before the law" that
is one of the stock cries of the tools
of dominant capital in press, pulpit
and parliament.
Inasmuch as the workers have, at
every opportunity, placed the lawmaking and law-enforcing power in
the hands of those whose ascendancy
is based on their (the workers) subjection, no blame can be attached to
the capitalists or their flunkeys in
Porcupine, Toronto or elsewhere.
What they do they have the power to
do, and they have the power to do,
and they exercise the power ln their
class interests, and in that lies the
key to the whole question. When the
workers realize that the power of
their oppressors is essentially political, based on the ignorance ot the
workers as to their class-interests,
the basis on which is reared the whole
structure of exploitation of the many
by the few is undermined.
That "knowledge is power" is as
true today as ever and the knowledge
necessary in this, as in every other,
case can only come by the study ot
Socialist literature and hard thinking.
The day of "leaders" in the working-
class movement for emancipation from
slavery has past. Now, as never before,
do the mass of the workers need to
be intelligently conscious of their
class-position, and of where their
class-power can be effectively applied.
Some high-browed critics and belit-
tlers of political action are for ever
bawling out the uselessness of parliaments and balloting to the workers,
on account of the few laws passed in
their interest and the lack of enforcement of those that have been passed.
They shut their eyes to the fact that
it has worked out that way because
the workers have in their ignorance
used the ballot in their master's interests, not their own. When that ignorance is dispelled, it wkill be used in
the reverse direction, and the erstwhile masters, seeing their power
slipping away from them, can well
say, "The Lord giveth and the Lord
taketh away. Blessed be the Name of
the Lord."
They may try to retain their power
by force, in which event political action will be reduced to its elemental
purity—class in arms against class.
But that can be avoided if a sufficient
number of the workers are intelligent enough and determined enough to
overawe the ruling class, and convince
them that such resistance would be
futile and disastrous. That is the aim
to which the efforts of the Socialist
parties of all countries are directed.
The strength of the social revolution
lies in th mental revolution it is creating in the heads of the workers.
J. H. B.
also denied. They asked that the
cases be transferred to the magistrate
of Whitney township where the cases
originated.   This request was refused.
The illegal and unauthorized action
of the police in encroaching on the
rights of the travelling public was the
sole cause of the disturbance for
which four of our fellow workers are
ln prison.
The high handed methods of the Ontario police, the unjust decision of the
magistrate, the false accusations
made at the trial and the heavy punishment Inflicted, reveal a condition
which stamps Northern Ontario aa the
Siberia of Canada.
The undersigned are seeking the cooperation of all who love freedom to
protest to the Minister of Justice, and
urge him to conduct the fullest investigation into these conditions. We
therefore ask you to write to yonr
local member of the Dominion Parliament asking him to bring this matter
before the House, so that immediate
action may be taken.
If this state of affairs ls allowed to
pass unnoticed the working clasB of
Canada will be subjected to the iron
heel of police oppression when they
seek to Improve their condition.
Workers of Canada, act at once, so
these victims may be freed,
PORCUPINE MINERS. UNION,
NO. 145, W. F. OF M.
JAMES DOGUE, Secretary.
A YOUNG MAN'S PARTY.
Socialist Party Directory
DOKX-XOsT mot—m OOKKXTTSB
Socialist Party of Canada, meets flrst
and third Sundays, S p.m., at Kit
Main St.   J. H. Burrough, Beoretary,
 COLUMBIA   rmoTiaozAX.
Executive Committee,  Socialist  Party
of Canada meats same as above.
AXBBSTA   PBOTXaOXAX.   al ____
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. "East. Burt E. Anderson, Secretary, Box <47, Calgary.
■AMCATomawAa  norxaoiAX.  as-
auUTlva, M. 9. ot C, Invites all comrades residing In Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organisation matters. Address D. McMillan,
222 Stailaeona Street West, Moose Jaw,
Saak.
MABXToaA fbotivoia- axnou—rra
Committee: Notice:—This card Is Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested In Ihe Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party: so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to Kct any Information, write the
Secretary, J. |). Houston, 4t»S Kurliy
St., Winnipeg.
TAaOOUTBB -UTTXaa X-OOAX, Ho, m
S. P. of C- Business meeting everv
flrst Sunday of the month and propa
»uiHla meeting every third Sunday
loom open to everybody at 612 Cordova St. East, 2 p.m. Secretary, p
Anderson. Barnrt. ft. C.
MMJb ▼Awpo-praa, a. c, *o. 5,
llnlsh. Meeta every second and
fourth Thursdays In the month at
2216 Pender H" East. OvU Llnii, "Secretary.	
x-ooax. Taaootrria KTX & v. e-To.
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastlnri
Bt. East.    H. nahlm, Secretary.      '
AXTA.,
KABXTXKB FBOYIVOXAX. BZBOVTXTB
Committee, Socialist l'urty of t'linsda,
meets overy second nnd fourth Hun-
days ln the Cape Breton offlro of the
Party, Commercial St reel, (lliioe Buy.
N. S. I inn Cochrane, Secretary, Box
491,  Olace  Bay,  N.S.
LOOAX. VAMCOUTBB, Bo 09, ■. T. of O. '
Headquarter-", Labor Temple, Duns-I
mulr street. Business meeting on tlrst I
of overy month nt 8 p.m. ■•cretary,I
J. McMillan, Labor Temple. Vancou- I
ver, B. <"**. |
LOCAL FEBBIB, S. P. of C, BOLD
educational meetings Iii the Miners'
Union Hall every Sunday ut 7.30
Business meeting first Monday Iii each
month,   7.30  p.m.     Economic  class  c\
ery    Sunday    afternoon    nt    2.30.
Wilmer. Secretary,  Box 3S0.
II.
PORCUPINE MINERS' UNION.
W. F. OF M.
South Porcupine, Ont., Can.,   .
February 1, 1913.
To the Working Class of Canada, and
All Lovers of Liberty:
On Jnauary 1, 1913, Ivan Trochyn,
Hryhoni Proplr, Milo Jakszlc and
Adolph Lundberg were sentenced to
six months' imprisonment at hard
labour ln the Central prison, Toronto,
by Magistrate Thomas Tarrence, on a
charge of unlawful assembly.
The facts in the case are as follows:
On the arrival of train No. 47, from
Toronto, on December 20, 1912, the
Ontario police boarded the cars and
prevented the travelling public from
entering, their pretext for doing this
was that there were strike-breakers
aboard, and the strikers might Interfere with them. The people who understood the orders of the police remained off the cars. As a majority of
the people of the station did not understand English and, therefore, did
not understand the orders of the police
and were entering the train in the
usual manner, the police threw them
off the cars, clubbed them unmercifully, and placed the four mentioned
under arrest.
On December 31st, these men were
tried. They did not have legal counsel
until the previous evening. Three of
them elected to be tried by Judge and
Jury; this was denied them. Tbey
asked to be tried by another magistrate, as Torrence was reported to
have said that the next striker coming
before him on a charge of unlawful
assembly would get the limit. This was
Without disparagement of the
work of those older comrades who
have fought for the movement
through many years of ridicule, contempt and tyranny, it can be well
said that Socialism ls essentially a
Held for the young man.
The civilization ln which the present generation finds itself, is a maze
of perplexing problems. The man ln
the twenties, who is Just beginning to
take a serious hold fipon Hfe, is
everywhere confronted with these
problems. The more he attempts to
deal with them, the more he finds
thst his education, whether common
school or university, has but ill-
equipped him to wrestle with social
questions. His mind is clogged with
ancient ideas. He turns to the great
political parties.
Here there Is no greater satisfaction. These parties make even no
pretense at dealing with the really
vital issues of the day. They, too,
are based upon the forms of older
generations. Thus, refusing to use
the rusty mental tools offered it, the
young mind ls pent up and restricted,
its natural energy and virile strength
being cramped within confined channels that stultify and warp its1
growth.
How different is the result when i
young men turn to the Socialist party.'
Here is a party that has truth, fresh
from present day investigation, for its
foundation. With truth upon which I
to draw, the Socialist party explains
with ease any social question that
may come • up. Untrammeled by
tradition, it recognizes things as they
are, and easily puts orthodox contentions to rout This, then, is the opportunity for any young man who has
mental calibre to flnd expression for
himself. Socialism wlll provide the
food for which his Intellect craves.
The might of its enemies offers unlimited scope for bis energy, and no
greater incentive to endeavor exists
han the magnitude of Ita alms. The
Socialist party needs young men and
young men need the Socialist party.
The ordinary sorehead who has a
grouch against wealthy people without knowing why, is as painful to
Socialists as he must be to himself.
A new Conservative party has been
formed In this city. Parker Williams
calls It the "Sore-head" Conservative
party. It Is composed of Tories who
have been crowded out of the trough.
The slicing of Turkey Is not half
so Interesting as the slicing of Canada by home-grown  politicians.
A good many schemes are afoot to
enable the working class to live
cheaper. We have been cheap long
enough.
LOCAL BOSBLABD, Wo, 05, B. T. of O.,
meets In Miners' Hnll every Sunday at
7.30 p.m. E. Campbell, Organiser.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 125. Finnish branch meets In Flnlnnders' Hall
Sundays at 7.30 p.m. A. Sebble. Secretary,   Box  54.   Rossland,   B.  C.
LOCAL BOCK-EL, B. a, Bo. IS, B. 9. ot
C, holds propaganda meetings every
Sunday afternoon at 2.30 In Crahan's
Hall. A hearty Invitation Is extended to al) wage slaves within reach of
us to attend our meetings. Business
meetings nre held the flrst .and third
Sundays of each month at 10.30 a.m.
in the same hall. Party organizers
take notice.    T. W. Brown, Secretary.
LOCAL BBTBLBTO-KE, B. C, Bo. 7,' B.
P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdnys of
each month.    B. F. Gayman, Secretary.
LOCAL  *—ICTOBIA,  Bo. 9,  8.  V.  of Cm
headquarters and reading room 575
Tates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting
Sunday, 8 p.m., Empress Theatre.
LOCAL SOUTH FOBT OBOBOB, B. C,
No. 61, meets every Friday night nt
8 o'clock In Public Library room. John
McTnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen, Organizer.
LOOAL CUMBEBLABO Bo. TO, B. F. of
C. Business meeting every Sunday,
10.30 a.m. Economic class held twice
each Thursday. 10.30 a.m. (for afternoon shift), 8 p.m. (for morning
shift). Propaganda meeting every
Sunday, 3 p.m. Headquarters: Socialist Hall, oposlte post offlce. Financial
Secy.. Thomas Carney; Corresponding
Secretary, Joseph Naylor.
LOCAL OOLBKAB, ALTA., BO. t
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at I p.m. on the tlrst
and third Sundays of (he month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at 8
Organlaer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta
Secretary, Jas. Olendennlng, Box «j
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
Information any day at Miners' Hnll
Secretary, Win. Oriiliam, Box 83, Cole
man, Alia.	
LOOAL   BDMOBTOB,  ALTA.,  Bo.   1,  B
p. of C. Headquarters 622 First Hi
Business ntiil propaganda meeting-.
every Wednesday at 7.80 p.m. sharp
Our rending room Is open to the put,
lie free, from 10 a.m. to II p.m. dally
Secretary, J. A. S. Smith, 822 Firs'
St.: organizer, W. Bfphenaon,
LOCAL CALOABT, ALTA., Bo. «. B. P
of ('. Business meeting every Salnr
dav  evening  al   *>' o'clock  al  the dead
quarters   nt   Ninth   Ave.  West.    11
S    Maxwell,  Secretary
LOCAL BBOZBA Bo. 3, BASK., MEETS
•vary Sunday, Trade* Hall, son p.nj
Business   meeting,    second  Friday,  r
p.m.   Trades   Hall.     W.   H.   Bird,   'in
Uil..   Secretary.	
LOCAL LETBBBXDOB. ALTA., Bo. lt,
S. P. of ('. Meets first nnd third Sundays In the month at 4 00 pin.. In
Miners' Hull. Secretary. Char)*! Pea
cock,  Box   l!'83.	
LOCAL Bo. 1, WXBBTBBO. KABITOBA.
S. P. of C. — Headquarters. Lahor Tern
pie. Business meeting every Saturday, 8 p m. Propaganda meeting every Sundav at 8 o'clock in the Dreamland Theatre, Main Street. Secretary
J. O'Brien, Boom IS. 530 MalnJ-tt.
idoAL Ottawa aa s7 •. f. of a—
Business meeting* the flrst Sunday in
month In the Labor Hall, 219 Bank
Street at 8 p.m. Secretary. Sam Hnr-
wlth, '"The White Book Store,"144
Bldeau St.. Ottawa.
LOCAL OLACB BAT, Bo. 1, OP KABI-
Tlme- Headouarters In Bukasln B1K„
Commercial St. Open every evening
Business and Propaganda meeting at
readqnarters every Thursday at 8 p.m
Alfred Nash. Secretary. Box 158; Hnr
old O. Boss, Organizer. Box 505.
LOCAL BX9BBT MXWBB Bo. 7, of BOTA
Scotia. — Business and propaganda
meetings everv second Mondav at 7 !0
In the Snn.T. Hall back of Tnwr
Hall. William Allen. Secretary. Box
t44.
Again the little fingers toil. The
dried tobacco leaf Is unfolded gently
for Its further use. The cigarette can't
help but grow cylindrical beneath the
sootning touch. The cigar almost will
Ingly assumes the shape intended. The
work ls done and declared to be most
beautifully done. And all because those
fingers are so very little.
RUSH    IN    THE    SUBS.
PROPAGANDA MEETING   Sunday
Empress Theatre   E. T. Kingsley, Speaker
Vancouver, B.C.
8 pm.
A   CAPITALIST   DREAM.
"Remember, you work for yourself
when you work for others," says a
dally newspaper.
Obviously, then, the more you work
for others the more you work for
yourself. Likewise, the more tbe
others get from your labor, the more
you get. In other words, the more
you work for yourself the less you
work for yourself, and the more you
get the less you get.
So that you should, to be perfectly
bappy, strive to work all the time for
someone else and get as little as possible for lt
Thus runs the pleasant dream of
the capitalist Idealist, toward that
halcyon condition wben the wage-
workers will get no wages at all, being content to subsist entirely upon
self-sacrifice, while every form of
wealth ls given up to the "others,"
who are, of course, the capitalists,
they hot being expected to swallow
such remarks as the above.
RUSH    IN   THE   SUM.
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, In convention assembled, afllrm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of tin
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to (he producers lt should belong.
Tbe present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of
tbe means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong
to the capitalist class. The capitalist Is therefore master; the worker
a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession of the reins
of government all the powers of the State wlll be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-Increasing measure of
misery and degradation.
The Inteiest of the working class lies In the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tbe wage
system, under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working class at tbe
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the tram* for ins
tlon of capitalist property In the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of Interest between the capitalist snd
the worker ls rapidly culminating In a Btruggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure It
by political action.   This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with the object of conquering th-*
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing tbe economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist prop
erty in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when In office shall always and everywhere
until the present system Is abolished, make the answer to this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance tbe
Interests or the working class and aid the workers ln their class struggle against capitalism? If It will, the Socialist Party ls for It; if "
will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to It.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed In its hands In such a manner
aa to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
SUBSCRIPTION
CARDS
5 Yearlies
10 ya   "
20'/4
$3.75
4.00
4.00 I ""■,'■'
y^Bj^*
gATrilDAY.  M/iRCH  1    11T1I
THE  WESTERN  CLARION. VANCOUVER.   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
PAGE THREE
THE SOCSAilST PARTY OF CANADA
lxicalx,   an<l
n77ia nage Is d*)VO 'd t». n porta of Executive Committees. „„:.»-., .,,„
fSeneral Party MAttcrn. ; ddress all communicailoiis to J. II, Hurrough,
Secretary, 61« •'■'■'n Ht, Vancouver, B. C.
^nion   executive   commit-
00 TE*-_8PECIAt      MLETINU.
THl'RSOAY, FtB. •*». .•<•»•
Pr gent.   Rah'm, Matthews, Karme,
prl„ mrd    nd 'he Secretary.   Kahlm
in the cnuir.
The i-errctaiy explained hU object
in callin * -b'   r.iee^S to be to bring j
out.    Wishing  the new  paper every
Huccess.
Yours ln Revolt,
W. O. BURROWS.
Urief Point, B. C,
Feb. 18, 1913.
Sir—Enclosed find two dollars; one
the S. P. of C, tho undersigned may j dollar to help start the S. P. C. paper;
again function ln a manner similar to; the other as a subscription when It ls
the present.
With all best wishes for the enter
prise, etc.
Yours In Revolt,
JOHN C. TURNER.
Brantford, Ont.,
February 8,  1913
started.   I remain,
A Slave,
J. POWER8.
Langley, 3. C,
Feb. 20, 1913.
Comrade—The   Subsidy   Fund   was
brought up at the meeting and I was
befon  'he Cjmmif.ee the advisability ,    j-,ear   Comrade—Kindly   accept   201 Instructed to reply that, in the opinion
cancelling   the   Agreement   with rents for the new official organ
Comrade Matthews for the production
0\ „n official orran. Ttie sei tlment
for party own. *-*<hli* w.,s strongly evidenced, and if »r   could bo raised In
Ipbs Ihsn thre"   *A'-eks for  a prlvat*^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
agtarprUe to lotva the interest of the .,,roiipw.,   of   K„„inK' 'ttronfi~ meat
party,  a  gr *t 't   r^poiise   could   bo ^^
expected If it was ,»lar-e-l on a party :bf
nwin-rship   l'F'»     The   movement   In
Dear
Yours ln Revolt,
l>.  ALEXANDER.
Uuntdaju Mills, Que.,
February 11. 1913.
Comrade  -Hlatl    there   ls
I hope Coniratle Matthews wlll
lUOOMlful  In   his  venture,    I   enclose 18.00     PtMM MOd BUB member-
of the local, It would have been advisable to have taken a referendum of
the party before signing the agreement.
Yours fraternally,
A. P. MEEK,
ec. Local No. 73.
Belle Plain, Sask.,
Feb. 17, 1913.
Hear Comrade—Am sending postal
alberta and ihe B C. Interior was not |B,p  (,llr(,  <-i,.,ir,.,i   for   --,--■  Knj  pUt| order for two dollars for the Subsidy
axprewtni   It* '   v"">'   •t-*»mto   >-
,aV(,   i    fu  Agreement, most of ths
balanca to subMiiy hind.
Yours In Revolt,
C, C WI'U.KIIMAN.
St. John, N. n.,
i'iibroary 10, inn.
Dear Comrade— Please tind enclosed
rion&u   •    (o '■■*' Subsidy  Fund com-
lag froo •   '    -ed comrades.
Aftu nit-' ii ■ '■ i It was moved by
the Secretary, ne>-\ t led by Matthews,
"That 'I** Astmein ml with Com.
Matthews be cain "lb 1, on account of
the dealt e muiufwte. for party own-
s Mp .ii t'ue oific al organ." Carried
anaulinously.
TV ntitistif.n of fu ids was then con-
• -ered. The Secre ary reported about
fl00 in hand iticludlug money received
by Com. Matthews for subsscriptlons.
Matthews Connor:   "That the Secretary be at. lorited to draw $10 for ex-
penses and proceed to Victoria to raise Iwe are eoin& l0 have a l,art>' I,a''er in
funds'   Carried, i place of the late Clarion, which I very
Burrou^'Li-Ctnnor:    "Tbat   the   Do-|much m,S8' as ■ considered it to be
-ninir.n Executive roramltteo assume i,n<* De8t edlted and' in fact- the on]*
tesyonsibnity   of   ownership   for   the , revolutionary paper on this Bide of the |
sin.  nf th" new paper to be called ; Atlantic.
The  vVost-snS Clarion.'"    Carried. -  enclose  $1.00;   65  cents  for  the
Com. Rultlm offered office room, rent j 8ubBld>r Pund; the •'•-lance for "ie™
Fund.    Hope you can collect enough
j to get the paper started, for we cer
tainly need a party paper so that Comrades in out of the way places may get
the news of the working class.
You might put my subscription un-
liotital order for flO.00; being $5.00 on I dar tne Maritime Provinces   heading
account   or  bill  Of  Weatern  Clairion!aR 1 am from there and the subscrip-
agalnBt St. John Local, and $5.00 ape-jtion fro"> th«-r«-. Albert N. B„ wlll be
clal assessment on local for live weeks'; rather small compared with the west
ing around getting subs, for "Linnen's
Weekly.")
One new member   taken   in    and
others on the way.
Yours in Revolt,
W. K. BRYCE, Sec.
Fernle B. C,
Feb. 22, 1*913.
Comrade—I enclose five dollar P. O.
order for bill owing to Western Clarion, Dec. 3, 1912.   I also enclose $3.25
towards  the  Subsidy  Fund.    I  may
say the local here haa adopted the
five cent weekly assessment   Hoping
the new paper has every success.
Yours ln Revolt,
ALBERT E. HART, Sec.
Montreal,
Feb. 2, 1913.
Dear Comrade—       Your remarks In the B. C. Federationist re
an official organ of the S. P. C, are
similar to the opinions of a big number bere.   Unless our party can have
a good paper (propaganda as well as
educational) lt will not go forward.
Yours for the Revolution,
PHILIP FAUGHNAN.
Sec. Local No. 1, S. P. C.
Redditt, Ont.,
Feb. 7, 1913.
Comrade—In receipt of your circular re agreement with Comrade R. T.
Matthews in regard to the proposed
publication of a party organ.
I wish to say I will do what I can
in helping the enterprise.   The above
for subsidy fund of new paper.
Yours in Revolt,
COLIN* McKAY, Sec'y.
Brockville, Ont,
Feb. 12, 1913.
Dear   Comrade—Am   glad  to  know
place, where I am at present selling
ern provinces. How are we know! my commodity, is but sparsely popu-
when the paper starts? Will Comrade . lated and what help I can render must
Matthews send first Issue to members necessarily be monetary.   I will prom-
of the Party?
Kindly let me know, as I would like
to get it from the flrst issue.
Yours in Revolt,
FRANK H. FILLMORE.
Nelson, B. C,
Feb. 18,1913.
Dear Comrade—Enclosed flnd postal
note for $1.00 towards Subsidy Fund.
.   .   .   We certainly need a good live
,ei for '.hi vse nf Uie party, and thej
el ,,    a« accepts with thanks.   (The|fpB,° and a Constitution
ne      fft< • ir at -U6 Main Street.)
ir-RAhim—"That 1500 subscrir*-
paper.    I, for one, have missed the
ture— but be sure and send a Mani-1 8°°d old Clarion since it was dlscon-
Con ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
tlon   aid;   be ordered."    Carried.
By same—"That the Secretary receive ', >i per week for editing." Carried
MatihcA'B-C'M'nor— "That the audi-
, o al th" Empress Theatre be in-
fOi "d Of thc action of the Executive
thc i      .ug Sunday.'    Carried.
Tht ^jcretary was instructed to
wire ti. * AlberVi Executive as to tbe
action tiken.
Adjournment.
J. H. BURROUGII.
Secretary.
CLARION   FUND.
Previously called the "8ubsidy" Fund
Previously acknowled(,"*.i $00.00 J
B. C. Fede-ntiocist, Feb, ii, 1913 43.95 j
Yours in Revolt,
AARON* GILBERT.
Moose Jaw, Sask..
February 13, 1913.
Dear Comrade—The local secretary
will forward to you this week the assessment for the paper.   We in Moose
Jaw have decided to assess every member 25 cents a month until the paper
is on a good footing.
Yours in Revolt.
L.   McMILI/AN,
Prov. Sec. Sask.
? timberland, B. C,
February 17, 1913.
Dear   Conrade- According  to  your
last letter to tl'b Tx>cal we have $10.50
laying in hand '    'he executive, and
tinued.      ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Yours in the Scrap,
A. MAUSON.
(You can count on me for $1.00 a
j month if necessary.—A. M.)
Wheat Belt. Alta.,
Feb. 19, 1913.
Comrade—Enclosed   flnd   $2.00   for
■ Subsidy Fund.
With   best   wishes   for  success  of
; paper, I remain,
G. WESTLIN.
Badger Lake, Alta.,
Feb. 17, 1913.
Dear Sir—Your circular, sent to my
' former address, Kinnondale, Alta., waa
! received a few days ago.
I am enclosing $1.00 for "Subsidy
Fund." Trusting that the party's new
organ may he successful, and a worthy
British Columbia.
J. C. Turner, VIctori;i	
T. Tomashavsky, Van- onv-r
we should like you to send this local a
bundles  of the  new  paper when  it | successor to 'The Western Clarion,'
comes out every week, until we have
expended $6.00 of the $10.50.    I am
I sending you an order with this letter.
300iYoucan   send   me   $10.00   worth   of
nr. i
^^^^^^^^^^^ .stamps  and   100   Membership  Cards;
M. W. Smith, Midway  100!also 100 p!-i. > ms    We have taken no
M.  Stephen,  St'llw"it»r  10°! action   in  what  we  are  going  to  do
J. Larner, Stillwater   100'i*biut the now psper, but I will let
J. Powers, Gr! f Pdr'     100|you know as soon as possible what
a, MauBon, Nelson     lu0
T. Tomasbasky, Van*     ver  1.00
Local Mara   2.00
J. White, Vancouver      100
J. Johnson, Lynn       ek  100
Angus McLeod, t    *irt  50
Local Fernle No. 3          3.25
Local Vancouver Ni. 1  12-60
funds we will be able to assist with.
Hoping you forward these as soon as
possible, I remain
Yours ln Revolt,
THOS. CARNEY,
Sec'y Local No. 10,
Cumberland, B. C.
Stillwater, B. C,
February 15, 1913.
Dear Sir—Enclosed flnd one dollar
from M. Stephen and one dollar from
Total $29.45
Aibsrta ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
A. D. McDonaP   Badgur I^ke....$ 1.00 y'-^rner for Subsidy Fund.
  J. LARNER.
Total $ LOO
Saskut 'tewat*.
Sask. Prov. Ex 6*1 ee    * 0.60
(6 per cent of roIUcuona for
Dom. Organising Fund.)
Alex. Beaton, Glenbrea    l00
F'-rnie, B, C.
Feb. 17. 1913.
Comrade—I  have ln  the  past  few
weeks had many requests made to me
for the purchase of Party Buttons. Being new in the game, as I was only
Local Roseland No. 10    2.60 repent*y   made   literature   agent   for
Fernie Local. I thought I would write
Total $ 3.60
QUEBEC.
C C. Wellermann. Lumsden Mill $ 2.00
ONTARIO.
D. Alexander, Brantford $ 0.20
H. Segalowltx, Ottawa     1*00
A. Gilbert, Brockvllle 0B
you and get to know whether I can
obtain them through you. If so, I
should be much obliged if you would
send me word how much they cost.
In regards to your favor of Feb. 4th,
re party paper, 1 am giad to say that
it was passed in our business meeting
 I liagt night that all members be assessed
Total $ 1.86 five cents each week for 13 consecu-
tlve weeks. Hoping all other locals
will fall into line and maffe the paper
a success, I remain
MARITIME.
Local St John, N. B * 6.00
J*. H. Fillmore     ...   2.02
Total I 7.02
Grand Total  *88.87
j. h. a.
Cardston, Alta.,
Feb. 10, 1-913.
Dear Comrade—I will be pleased to
contribute my mite ln getting established another good Socialist paper.
It's what's needed. Furthermore, 1 will
Bet six other slaves to do likewise.
When we are to start let me know.
Tours for Freedom,
HENRY KOEB.
Victoria, B. C,
Feb. 16, 1918.
Dear Comrade—Enclosed please find
Postal note to the value of $3.00 aa a
Personal recognition of the necessity
*t « party paper. Should the latter
•ome up to expectations as the expo-
aonet of the proletariat as defined by
Yours tn Revolt,
HENRY MALBON.
Midway, B. C,
Feb. 13, 1913.
Dear Comrade—Find one dollar to
help with Socialist Party Paper.
M. W. SMITH.
Glenbrea, Sask.,
Feb. 12, 1913.
Dear Comrade—1  enclose  $1.00 to
help Socialist Party Paper.   Later 1
will subscribe for same paper.
Yours for the Revolution,
ALEX BEATON.
Glenburst, Sask.,
Dear   Comrade—Please   send   your
11 am
Sincerely yours,
A. D. MCDONALD.
P.   S— Note   change   of   address:
Badger Lake, Alta.,  instead of  Kinnondale, Alta.
Erickson, B. C,
Feb. 18, 1913.
Dear Comrade—I was very glad to
hear from you today and flnd out your
address. I waa Into Lindley's office
two weeks ago and could not get it
then.
Enclosed find P. O. order for seven
dollars for a charter and for stamps
and supplies.
I will see what we can do for the
paper, but lt will hare to be much
better than the W. C. to get strong
support
Apply whatever number to the
charter you think will do it the most
good.
Yours ln Revolt
WM. B. EMBREE.
Stewart, B. C,
Feb. 20, 1913.
Dear Sir—Your circular to band ro
the "Subsidy Fund" for assistance to
Clarion, and I think the idea is a good
one if the slaves will only get busy.
I have got some money ready now
and only seen a few of the boys, and
you are safe on $20.00 from me next
mail, March 6th (two-week service
here), and as much more as possible.
Quite a lot of the boys are broke at
present and it puts a crimp ln collecting.
Yours in Revolt
CHAS. H. LAKE.
!,ocal Montreal No. 1,
Feb. 16, 1913.
Dear Comrade—At the meeting held
Feb. 2, a resolution was passed at our
local to support the new Dominion Executive Committee.   We have appointed Com. J, Barclay to collect 5 cents
per week from each member towards
the new paper.   We wlll try and raise
a respectable sum to help the paper.
You have not as yet so let us know
what the subscription price is to be.
I could get some subscribers if you
will.
PH. FAUGHNAN, Sec.
Collins, Sask.,
Feb. 18, 1913.
Comrade—Herewith $2.00 as flrst in-
new paper to Mr. W. P. Clark, Rose-
town, Sask.,'and W. G. Burrows, Rose-jstalment to "Sabsldy Fund" from Lo
town, Saak. ' "' "—■—■ ■**■*-   ■■*■
Enclosed please flnd two dollars for
subscription. Will send more later.
This makes my fifth year for subscribing to the only paper I cannot do wlth-
cal Roseland No. 10.
A vote was taken at our meeting on
16th Inst., which was unanimous In
support of the idea of a party paper.
(Although* one Comrade was chas-
ise to send some of what remains from
the sale of my commodity for the
month of January, after paying for the
cost of subsistence for said period.
In my humble opinion the move of
the Executive is a wise one for I do
not believe tbe party can continue as
a party without the aid of a party
paper, ince the discontinuance of the
"Western Clarion" it seems to me that
the party has weakened considerably.
The propaganda and party work carried on in the B. C. Federationist is
deplorably feeble, and I would note
in passing that if opinion held on the
coast is correctly reflected by the B.
C. Federationist, then the publication
of a genuine, uncompromising, clean
Socialist organ is imperative.
Also I would like to know If Winnipeg Local No. 1 is still existent; two
or three weeks ago I sent two dollars
dues to the secretary, which was returned with the information that the
above local did not exist. If such is
the case I desire that I be made a
member at large.
1 think that the Dominion Executive should take steps to revive this
local, as almost the whole membership
were exceptionally well posted Marxians, and I think that enough members could be got to continue the
local until at least the infusion of new
blood and more enthusiastic members
were obtained.
There are no doubt several contributory causes to the demeise of the
above local, but I think the chief one
is that the members, having a greater
than average quantity of grey matter,
have proved their fitness to survive
by accruing unto themselves more of
the universal equivalent than usually
falls to the portion of the average
wage slave.
Yours in Revolt
SYDNEY E. GAGE.
Calgary, Alberta,
Feb. 10, 1913.
Comrade—I am instructed by this
local to notify you of a motion passed
by this local at our regular business
meeting on Saturday, February 8th.
"That we, Calgary Local No. 4, do
not approve of your agreement with
R. I. Matthews, re publishing a weekly paper, to be subsidised by the S. P.
of C. as per agreement, owing to it
being owned by a private individual."
Yours in Revolt
H. S. MAXWELL, Sec'y.
Coal Hurst, Alta.,
Feb. 7, 1913.
Dear   Sir—Enclosed   you   will   flnd
twenty-five  cents  for  three   months'
subscription to the Western Clarion.
Yours truly,
FRED RIVERS.
Victoria, B. C,
Jan. 29, 1913.
Dear Comrade—I am ln receipt of
your letter ot 20th Inst, and instructed
by local to acknowledge same. Should
the present executive prove that they
mean to organize and get down to
business we shall be pleased to help
in any possible way we can. We are
also pleased to hear that they intend
to start an official organ again and
will do our best to help lt along.
Yours in Revolt,
H. DALGLEISH,
Sec'y Local No. 2, S. P. C.
Sechelt, B. C,
Feb. 4, 1913.
Sir and Comrade—Your circular letter re the new Party Organ before me.
Permit me to express satisfaction on
behal fof the move In that direction.
May she thrive and bear fruit. Get
her going old man and while the good
(?) Lord spares me my eyesight 1
will be a reader of, a subscriber for,
and a booster to the rag—providing
you fellows down in civilisation do not
succumb to the opportunists and begin dishing up the stuff sloppy. But
we know you well, so wtll have no
fears. My best wishes for the coming
firebrand. Is it to be the Western
Clarion again?
Enclosed you wlll flnd this bachelor's mite, and I will try to have a
similar one for you, or the new, or
tbe Good Cause, whichever way you
have a mind to put it at first of every
month. "San Iago!" Up and at them.
I absolve you.
Yours for Freedom,
JOHN  WOODRIFF.
(Nee Plckenshovel.)
P.S.—When this new Clarion comes
off the press—first issue—send me a
copy please.— Again, Woodriff.
Barnet, B. C,
Feb. 7, 1913.
Dear   Comrade — In   our   business
meeting February 2nd, it was carried
"tbat we agree to pay 5 cents a week
of each member for thirteen weeks
for the "Subsidy Fund."    (Please let
me know when is the commencement
of the payment.)
And also carried to change the time
of due payments and act as it says
in the Constitution of the S. P. of C.
Yours for Social Revolution,
PAUL ANDERSON,
Sec'y Vane. Lettish Local No. 58,
S. P. of C.
North Gabriola, B. C,
Feb.  11,  1933.
Dear Ir—Find encloesd two dollars
for "Subsidy Fund."
Yours truly,
JOHN HOLM.
Victoria, B. C,
Feb. 12, 1913.
Dear Comrade—I am enclosing herewith express order for $10.75"; invoice
for 75 cents enclosed.
The $10.00 is a grant from local to
Subsidy Fund of the new paper.    If
the paper is up to the expectations of
the members we will contribute that
amount for three months  (leaving it
to the members to help if they wish
to).   I will try and arrange a meeting
in a few weeks to raise funds also.
Yours in Revolt
H. DALGLEISH,
Sec'y Local No. 2.
Victoria, B. C,
Feb. 11, 1*913.
Comrade Secretary—Enclosed please
find postal note for $5.00 as contribu
tlon to Subsidy Fund for party organ.
Most of the boys here seem keen on
the proposition and I think they will
hustle subscribers in the future, after
this long rest
Trusting your Executive meets with
the support that should be fortbcom
ing in such a venture, and wishing
you all success, I am,
Yours for a Full Revolution,
H. G. HILLS.
North Battlefield, Sask.,
Feb. 8, 1913.
Dear Comrade—Enclosed flnd $1.00
to  Subsidy Fund,  $1.00  yearly  subscription to new  party  paper.    Subscription  to late Clarion running to
July hereby cancelled.    Send me 25
cent bundle for four weeks.   One dollar enclosed; also flnd $1.00 for party
membership (members at large). Will
Will guarantee to Subsidy Fund $1.00
in   March   and   April,   and   increase
bundle if paper is right goods.
Yours in the Cause,
HORACE COLUNGWQOD.
Roseisle, Man.,
Feb. 8, 1913.
Dear Comrade—Enclosed please find
$1.00 for "Subsidy Fund" for party
organ. Glad to hear that we are to
start one again. Am all alone in this
little place but am plugging away at
the slaves, chiefly farmers. They will
turn some day and perhaps soon.
By the way, a few questions I want
answered if information at hand.
First—Name and address of secretary of Manitoba Province Executive
Committee. I sent my dues in to Fred
Malllnson a few weeks ago, as he was
the last one I was ln correspondence
with, and my letter was returned with
the following across the envelope:
"Mallison has gone to Texas." Please
let me know who is secretary now if
vou can, as they run no advertisement
in B. C. Federationist since Western
Clarion went out of business.
Second—Did not Parker Williams
and Jack Place, M. P. P., belong to
S. D. P. of C, put in part of time
(when not in "Local Gas House") organizing through Province. I see a
fellow in "Cotton's Weekly" kicking
because tbey do not. I thought they
did the same as Com. O'Brien does in
Alta.
Third—Where   can   I  get   copy   of
B. C. Workmen's Compensation Act,
and what is price of same.   Thanking
you for any answer to above.
Yours in the Scrap.
HARRY OTTO.
Moose Jaw Local,
Feb. 1, 1913.
Dear Comrade—At our last business
meeting we decided to try a little
propaganda work among the Chinese
in this city, so I was asked to write
you to see If you could forward us
about 50 copies of the new Chinese
Socialist paper which was lately published In Vancouver. We don't know
the price of these, so please send bill
with them and I will remit the money
flrst thing. We intend to distribute
these papers and also try to obtain
subscription for the same.
Please let me know if I should
make all money orders payable to you,
in tbe future or, as in tbe past to the
"Western Clarion."
We are keeping the cause to the
front in this city and hold propaganda
meetings every Sunday night, and we
are looking forward to the early publication of the new S. P. C. paper.
Will you please have my address
in the advertisement in the Party Bulletin altered to
WM. HARRISON, Sec.,
Y. M. C. A.
Moose Jaw.
Lynn Creek, P. O.,
Feb. 24, 1913.
Dear Sir—Referring to circular yott
sent me a short while back, copy ot
agreement made re a new Socialist
paper, I enclose $1.00 towards to Subsidy Fund.
Wishing the new paper every success, I am,
Yours truly,
J. JOHNSON.
Brechin P.O., Nanaimo, B. C,
Feb. 22, 1913.
Dear   Sir—You   will   flnd  enclosed*
one dollar to help lo start that new
paper  to  be  run  on  class-conscious
lines.    You might send me a sample
papre and, if it comes up to my expectation, I will become a subscriber
to it.
As I get that B. C. Federationist 1
am just about fed up with unionism
and "resolutions" and "whereas" and
so much damned foolishness.
I wish you every success in your
venture.
Yours in Revolt,
JOHN WHITE.
Mara, B. C,
Feb. 24, 1913.
Dear  Comrade—Enclosed  flnd  two
dollars from the local's fund for the
Subsidy  Fund.    Also  another dollar
for three months' subscription. Should
like you to send me a few extra coplea
to enable me to get more subscribers.
Could     not     advertise     Comrade
Knight's meeting, as the hall was previously engaged for an entertainment
to be given on his date, and almost all
of them out for amusement only, being
able to reach a few, which, to him,
was quite a disappointment.
At present our local is scattered,
and it is difficult to assess the members, but I will see tbem Individually
to get what assistance possible. Nothing pleases me more than to help
along for a speedy revolution.
Yours for same,
MRS. THOS. GRAY.
COMRADE J. R. KNIGHT ON TOUR
IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
Comrade J. R. Knight of Edmonton
Local, S. P. G, is at present touring
the upper country, being routed to
tbe coast by Com. C. M. O'Brien. He
will speak at Whonnock on March 13,
from which date he will be managed
by the Dominion Secretary. A tour of
Vancouver Island and as many Coast
Locals as possible is being prepared,
and the dates will be announced in
the next issue. Victoria Local will use
bim on March 16 (Commune anniversary) and 17th.
TO SECRETARIES
Locals will receive bundles of thla
issue, due to expire in three weeks.
Secretaries will please notify this offlce whether same is to be continued,
forwarding money at the rate of one
and a quarter cents per copy for
bundles received.
CARD8   IN  THE   DIRECTORVC
The local Directory is the same at
that in the last issue of the Clarion.
Pressure of work has not allowed,
time for necessary alterations, known
to the office, to be made. Secretaries
are therefore requested to state if
card is to be continued, and if so, to
notify this office of changes of officers,
addresses, etc., needed.
THE NEW BUNDDLE RATE
Literature agents and secretaries
will notice that the bundle rate has
been raised a quarter cent. This iB
absolutely necessary if the Dominion
Executive is to avoid any loss from
bundle orderc. PPrPlntlng alone costs
three-quarters of one cent per copy,
leaving one-quarter of a cent to pay
for mailing, secretarial and editorial
work, etc. it means that the Locals
will still make a large proflt on the
bundles, and the Dominion Executive,
in the long run, will come out even.
At the old rate bundle orders were a
drain.
Readers who have been receiving
the B. C. Federationist as a substitute
for The Western Clarion, will receive
one more copy of this puper, aud unless a subscription is received at this
offlce before the issue of the third
number, no more copies will be forwarded, but they will continue to receive the B. C. Federationist.
Note: — Contributions previously
sent into the Subsidy Fund, now the
"Clarion Fund," are not counted as
subscriptions.
RUSH IN YOUR "COPY." WE
HAVE NONE IN RE8ERVE, THE
"CLEAR STUFF" ONLY 18 REQUIRED.
il
El
■sj-ssMssk^-^sJ
/ iiiiM-wmif"-"" ' "* PAGE FOUR
A TIDAL WAVE OF MISERY.
THE WESTERN  CLARION, VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
LATURDAV, MARCH i, i9*i
TO HELL WITH SOCIALISM!
M
1 :
The rule of capital has long since
become a blighting curse to human
society. Under its withering touch
the entire world ot industry has been
converted into a shambles—a slave
pen—in which the working class is
tortured and murdered in order that
a few rapscalliou rulers may maintain
their ruifianly swa yand gorge themselves to repletion with the plunder
wrung from their tortured victims.
Never was the labor of man so productive  of wealth   as  today.    Never
was it possible to produce so much
with the expenditure of so little hu-i
man  tabor.    Never   was  it  sue  ban
easy  and  simple  matter  to  produce
food,  clothing,  shelter,  etc.,  In  sufficient volume to provide for the comfort and well being of all, as at the
present time.   In spite of all this the!
fact  stands  glaringly   forth  that  because   of   capitalist   control   of   the
means of production, poverty with its
infernal  brood of attendant evils, is
today engulfing the working class in
a veritable tidal wave of misery. With
-resources of the earth unlimited; with |
the knowledge and power to turn those 1
resources to human account in over-!
whelming volume, the workers standi
dumb and paralyzed in the face of aj
class  ownership  and  control  of the,
means of production that, periodlcallyj
at least, denies to thousands of them
the right to labor and to live.
Heartrending, Indeed, are the tales
that are told of the awful agony ot*
thousands in 'the great centres of
population during the present winter j
months. Ill-clad, shelterless and hungry ones bv the hundreds stand in
bread lines for hours, shivering in the
p.ercing night air awaiting their turn
at the charity dole of a cup of cheap
coffee and a Christian sandwich.
Thousands of the children of the poorer workers go to school hungry and in
the severer weather are compelled to
remain at home because so thinly
clad. Thousands, aye, millions, of
workers not yet out of employment
live in constant fear and trembling
under the momentary expectation that
the blow will fall that will cut off their
meagre means of sustenance.
And the end is not yet. Prosperity
is not returning in spite of lying cap-j
italist newspapers to the contrary
notwithstanding. Matters are growing
worse. The cry of distress in the
great cities is becoming louder;' the
bread lines are growing longer: and
there are no signs upon the capitalist
horizon promising change for the better. Henceforth the conditions of the
working class must rapidly go from
bad to worse so long as the present
class rule of industry holds sway.
Even in times of capitalist activity
there ls no prosperity for the working
class.    Though  workers  do at such
* times get, perhaps, steady employment
the average wage is never in excess of
an amount requisite to the purchase
of a half-decent living. And even that
wage Is obtained only at the price of
incessant and oftentimes backbreak-
ing toil.   There can be no prosperity
'for slaves. Such a thing is unthinkable. The modern wageearner is
merely a slave, the legitimate heir to
the fortunes of his chattel slave and
'feudal serf predecessor. The awful
agony It experiences under that tidal
wave of misery In which it is engulfed by capitalist rule and robbery,
is the price the enslaved working
class pays for its chains.
The slaves are many, the masters
few. The wage-earners and the working farmers comprise the vast majority of the population. Their enslavement is possible only as a result of
' their own ignorance.   Awakened to a
'Consciousness of their position in pres-
" «nt society and the means used for
* their enslavement the workers can as
easily break their chains as a giant
' can crush an eggshell.   By concerted
--action for the conquest of the public
powers they can easily strip from the
hands of their masters the only instrument whereby their enslavement
is made possible.    By seizing control
" of government—at the ballot-box, or
by   any   other   means—the   working-
' class seizes the  means of assuming
* supreme command of the economic
'factors upon  which  the lives  of its
members depend. With control of the
«arth's resources and the means of
production in its own hands, the now
enslaved working class would be freed
from the chains of bondage that now
bind it to the chariot wheel of capitalist rule, robbery, and rapine. The
erstwhile tidal wave of misery would
-subside to return no more. An era
-of peace, plenty and decency would be
; possible.
RU8H    IN    THE    SUBS.
Five million Chinese women have
heen given the franchise.
C. W. Kingsley is the name of the
first Socialist to be elected to the California legislature. No relation to
our E. T. K.
The wives of unemployed workmen
and even employed and women whose
breadwinners have been killed or injured have managed to earn enough to
bay a little food by doing housework
or washing for those who can afford
to have it done. The McBride government and the Salvation Army are now
about to relieve these women of the
work by flooding B. C. with servant
girls. Tbe McBride government have
given the Salvation Army $10,000 as
aa Inducement to encourage servant
girls to this country. Of course, the
girls will have to pay their own fare
and some of them will get a job all
right at a cheap wage and some ot
them will flnd their way to the "red
light district."
To hell with Socialism! This is the
cry echoed and re-echoed throughout
the capitalistic press; thundered from
capitalistic pulpits; expounded by capitalistic protessors from their seats of
wisdom; launched from the public
platform by capitalistic orators and
politicians; and parroted throughout
the highways and the byways by many
of their ready dupes, the people.
And what is all this cry against?
Are we an organization of murderers,
or robbers, of fanatical degenerates
pursuing some wild scheme of pillage
and bloodshed, or of human bloodhounds on the war-trail, turning loose
chaos on this little planet? No; emphatically no. We are merely the
workers, the masses, the mob, what
you will, decent, respectable thinking
folks, who have become sick and tired
of this octopus capitalism, with its
profit-mongering, sweating, low wages,
child labor, unemployment, and starvation, body and soul, for many of us.'
There may be a few malcontents
among us, whose senseless ravings
cast a slur on the movement; there!
undoubtedly is. Rut how few, consid-,
erlng the opportunities offered by a
movement so universal and revolutionary in its teaching as Socialism is.
Doomed by this capitalism to wander hither and thither, in search of
some will-o'-th' wisp job, some opportunity to barter for a mere livelihood,
—that's all it finally comes to,—all
we can call our own, our labor power,
mental and physical. Have we not a
right to be discontented and to band
ourselves together to accomplish our
emancipation by the one sane, powerful weapon at our disposal, politics?
Discontented we most assuredly are.
We plead guilty there. But ours is no
aimless discontent, no mere kicking
for the pleasure of kicking Our discontent spells ambition; for what is
ambition but a discontent with our
condition, coupled with a desire for
improvement, rni recognition, for u
say in the affairs of men. One never
looks to the contented, easy-going fellow to become a master in his business, an outstanding figure in his
community, or a power in the land.
The ambitious, plodding, striving, discontented fellow is the one who tends
in that direction, and who generally
gets there,  too.
And we are most assuredly getting
there. The seed has sprouted, the
bud is forming, and the bloom will
soon appear. We have won recognition as educated beings, as thinkers,
and are gradually dispelling the general capitalistic idea of Socialists as
low-browed, ignorant malcontents,
from the slums and hovels of the old
world. Ours is an educational movement, an education of the workers to
the proper application of the earth's
resources for the benefit of mankind
in general, and not for a few favored
ones, as at present. In day schools,
Sunday schools, churches, colleges, social meetings, in the home, and among
the leading literary lights of the day
are we to be found planning, teaching,
explaining the why and the wherefore
of our aims with untiring devotion.
Have you ever heard of Jack London,
Upton Sinclair, Bernard Shaw, John
Blatchford.  I^eo Tolstoi?
We hear much about Christian Socialists. Roman Catholic Socialists,
and the like. Well and good, so long
as they are Socialists; but Socialism
is an economic, not a religious, problem. Often is the argument brought
against Socialists that they are mainly atheistic and agnostic in their
teachings and beliefs. What if they
should be? That has nothing to do
with Socialism. We desire to improve mankind's physical well-being;
the church ls supposed to minister to
his spiritual condition. You never
trouble to question the right of your
"good Conservative" or "good Liberal" to be a Christian, or an atheist, or
neither; nor do you think of condemning conservatism, or liberalism, on
that account. Why, then, ring it ln
on Socialism? It is but a puerile,
senseless'argument at best, and won't
bear dissection.
We are told Socialism would destroy the home. Could anything be
more destructive to the home than
this capitalism, with its competitive,
slavish system; its strikes, with their
inevitable misery; its sweatng and
grinding; its stock-gambling: its unemployed; and its millionaires and
paupers. To what means do its victims too often resort in an endeavor
to shake their shackles? Murder, suicide, robbery, family desertion. How
many of us can afford to settle down
and have a home.' Any old place we
hang our hats Is "home, sweet home"
for most of us. Let your capitalist
lose his money through some Ill-
advised speculation, or some market
fluctuation, and with all hope of retrieving his fortunes gone, what does
he do? There Is a flash and a report,
and "one more unfortunate gone to
his death." Once he has had a taste
of the good things of this life he prefers death rather than face the other
side of the question. He knows, or
can guess pretty shrewdly, what It
means.
Give us all, then, an equal opportunity of enjoying this life while lt
lasts. "Life is short, and time is
fleeting," and, so far as we know, we
have but this one chance. I nave
never met anyone yet who was willing to bet .n all sincerity, he had visited this planet before. This old
earth is just as capable now of yielding a good living to us all, as ever lt
was. The germs of life are just as
vigorous, and our command of the
forces of nature are a hundredfold
greater. Why, then, should so many
be often without the bare necessities
of life, and be reduced to either beg,
steal or accept soup-kitchen doles, to
stave off starvation?
Does capitalism offer a solution to
this unemployment question? No. It
is part and parcel of the system, and
a natural outcome of its regime, a
necessity of its existence; and so long
as capitalism exists, so long will the
old saying hold good, "The poor we
have always with us."
Socialism is the one and only solution of thlB problem offered us; and,
If for nothing else but this alone, it
should commend Itself to the workers
of the world, and receive their strongest, untlr-ng, unselfish, heart-whole
support, not only ln*"thelr own Interests, but in that of their women and
children. Let us have lt then, now,
not tomorrow, for tomorrow never
comes. Vote for yourselves. Not then
would we hear "To hell with Socialism," but "To hell with capitalism."
AS IT STRIKES ME
BY R.I.M.
WARD ORGANIZATION  MEETINGS.
Socialists are not opposed to wealth.
They want all to enjoy it.
Let the workers make and administer the laws and wealth will belong
to those who produce it.
Modern gallantry is well illustrated
ln brutal police attacks upon girl
strikers in New York. This ls at the
orders of smug gentlemen who are
fond of preaching moral conduct to
others.
"Without profits incentive to labor
would cease." Along with profits are
manufactured coroners' inquests,
maimed limbs and bodies, disfigured
faces, nervous wrecks, emaciated
frames, disease victims, maniacs and
suicides. These must be necessary
also.
Capital and labor are continually
at war. Laws are made ln tbe Interests of capital. Can we all be equal
before the law?
One of the most Important departments of railroad operation in Canada is the "people's" legislature.
While Laurier and Borden are haggling over the distribution of homesteads among good grits and tories,
are the workers getting ready to send
them back to power again?
The difference between the Liberal
and Conservative parties is that one
represents the dominant capitalist interests and the other wishes it could.
The slums of Montreal are said to
be as bad as any in the world. Every
true patriot should be proud of this
as it means the presence of great
wealth in that Canadian city.
Wealth, Work and Poverty increase
together under capitalism. Under a
proper system as wealth increased
work would diminish and poverty disappear.
Where there was one Socialist paper struggling to exist ten years ago,
there are now an hundred prosperous
ones.
The Socialist party is the second
party in B. C. Would you like to
make it the first? Be a Clarion
booster.
Socialism is the most talked of subject today. Thousands of people are
seeking information on the subject.
See tlv*.t they get the Clarion.
There is nothing cheap about this
paper but the price.
Mines and railroads are responsible
for more slaughter than international
wars. This Is because proflt is greater than safety. Let the working class
operate these industries for use instead of proflt and the slaughter
would cease.
Those who would "dissolve" the
trusts are troubled with the same
sort of swelled-head foolishness as the
king who commanded the tide to stop
coming in.
Columbus discovered America while
in quest of greater profits for the
merchants of his time. He found the
profits too but he didn't get any.
Neither did those who produced them.
Nor do those who continue to produce
tbem today.
We can put Socialists in the House
of Commons next election if we try.
This paper will do its shares if you
do yours. Get your neighbor to subscribe.
The next B. C. election will afford
a grand opportunity to get a big Socialist representation at Victoria. Let
us get together and work toward that
end.
As well as trying to establish the
right to .suffocate miners if they so
desire, the mine owners are trying to
chase the Socialists off Vancouver
Island.
Into a bag of flour goes the combined labor of the world's workers.
Yet there are some bodies of workingmen who claim their interests to
be separate from the rest of their
class.
There is but one revolutionary position—that which aims at the complete abolition of capitalism. This
must be true as long as capitalism
lasts.
Whether or not the Friedmann tuberculosis cure is all that is claimed
for it, the fact remains that similar
discoveries, of incalculable benefit to
mankind, have come from Germany.
Yet these Germans are the people
against whom we must arm to protect ourselves!
"Wall Street cautious and closes
weak," says the financial news. Soon
be time for Socialism to land a sleep-
producer.
The working class owns nothing,
not even its life. If you don't believe this, Just try to do away with
yours. If you succeed of course, you
are regarded as a thief who has made
a "clean get-away." But if you fall,
you are punished for the attempt to
take something which doesn't belong
to you. For instance, a despondent
wage-slave tried tbe other day to cut
his throat. He waa rushed to the
hospital in order to save his life for
the law. He was then arrested and
charged with attempting to destroy
capitalist property. "Attempted suicide" they call it technically. According to Schopenhauer, he is being punished for the "lack of skill which
made the attempt a failure."
The time Is now ripe for the Socialists of Vancouver to form ward organizations in this city. Quite a number of Socialists have been approached on this subject and it has been decided to start ward organizations consisting of members of the S. P. of C,
S. D. P. and all unattached Socialists
and sympathizers of the Socialist
movement.
In order to have a united band of
Socialists in this city these ward organizations will have no connection
with the recognized political parties
now In existence, but the members
will be at liberty to belong to whatever political party they wish. This
will enable every Socialist, no matter
what party he belongs to as long as
he stands by the principles of Social-
Ism, to take a band in the propagation
of those principles.
An organized effort on the part of
Socialists of Vancouver Is needed now
as never before, because the signs of
the times Indicate that the Conservative party appears to be at the end of
Its tether. The question is who are
to take the place of the Conservatives.
Liberals or Socialists? It will be
easy running for us if we can get all
Socialists to stand together, work together, and reason together for the
overthrow of the present system.
Local Vancouver 69 S. P. of C. are
publishing a monthly paper "The New
Review," ten thousand copies of
which were distributed last month.
The same will be done this month and
right along every month, provided the
Socialists of Vancouver show their
willingness in one way or another to
get in and help.
The flrst meeting of the ward organizations will take place at the following places, and then it can be decided
where  the  meeting can   be   held   for |
liberty as dangers to society, nevertheless continue to have thousands ot
persons workng for them producing
wealth.
LONDON, Feb. 19—Remarkable revelations regarding the earning of outworkers are contained ln the report of
the conditions of employment ln the
linen and other making-up trade of the
North of Ireland, which was issued as
a blue book. According to the evidence
of the representative of one firm, one
out-worker employed ln a particular
branch of embroidering was paid at
the rate equivalent to a half-penny an
hour. His attention was called to several ether low rates, from a half-penny
to a penny an hour, (-aid to be paid by
him for thread drawing, fancy sewing
and embroidery, and he did not avail
himself of an opportunity to furnish
evidence to the contrary.
One hundred adults starved to death
ln England last year. There were a
few In Canada, but lots we never heard
of. The 100 mark will soon be reached
in this country if the immlgrunts continue to come out the way they did last
year. Capitalists never starve to
death, It's only the working class. The
workers see to it that the capitalist
don't starve by handing over to them
four-fifths of the product.
The flinal official vote for Eugene V.
Debs, the Socialist candidate for president In the United States Is given as
901,062. This is more than double that
of 1908.
The Cumberland boys got tired of
the capitalist flunkies administration in that city, so put up a full ticket
on the Socialist platform. The whole
bunch was elected by good big majorities.
future dates. Meetings of the Socialists in wards not mentioned will be
announced as soon as a meeting place
can be arranged.
Ward II. Socialists,
will meet in the Labor Temple, Friday, March 14, at 8 p.m. Every Socialist in Ward II. Is invited to at-
'tend this meeting. Make a note of
the date and be on time.
Ward III. Socialists
will meet ln Room 10, 213 Hastings
Street East, corner of Hastings and
Main over the Union Bank, on Friday,
March 21, at 8 p.m. All Socialists,
male or female, are invited to this
meeting."
Ward IV. Socialists
will meet in Room 10. 213 Hastings
Street East, corner of Hastings and
Main, over the Union Bank of Canada, on Thursday, March 20. at 8 p.
m. Come early and bring along that
other fellow who is coming our way.
W. WATTS,
General  Organizer.
A STUDY OF CONTRASTS.
Beauties of Capitalism.
122,245,000,000 is the wealth of one
man and his wife and daughter. That
man is J. Pierpont Morgan, and he did
not earn it, his wife did not earn lt
and his daughter did not earn It. It
was produced hy the working class
and banded over to the Morgans, and
the poor fools of workers are content
to live in'substitutes for homes, wear
the cheapest of clothes and the poorest
of food, while the parasite revels in
luxury.
Miners of West Virginia, U. 8. A.,
have been killed and wounded ln attempt iy the militia to drive them
back to work because they were on
strike. Two hundred police were recently sent to Cumberland, B. C, in
order to try and stir up trouble a-
mongst the miners. They failed, but
most of them had a good time on Con-'
servatlve beer. Olrls In the Garment
Workers strike of New York have
been brutally killed, jailed aud beaten
six months ln jail for attempting to
board a train that was occupied by
strike breakers that were being sent
from Toronto to Porcupine, Ont.
South Vancouver, Feb. 5.—One of
the worst, cases of distress brought
about by municipal employees being
unable to obtain employment was cited by one of the councillors at a meeting of the health committee this morning. The councillor stated that It had
come to his notice that a family residing in the municipality were practically destitute, and but for help
rendered by neighbors, would actually
have starved. The husband, an old
municipal employee, had only earned
$6 since Christmas, and the wife ls
about to have an addition to the family. Four children were ln the bouse,
and half the time had practically nothing to eat, save what neighbors provided. Dr., Murphy was asked to look
Into the case.—World.
Widow buying home, unable to meet
payments; will someone finance me
till place Is sold; f72.60 due; another
payment due March. Return money,
reasonable Interest.   Box D-l World.
Tim Sullivan ls "worth" $3,000,000,
mostly in unincumbered real estate.
But he is an an asylum. He joins that
large band of persons Including Mrs,
Flagler, Harry K. Thaw and others,
who, while they are restrained of their
Dollars and dimes of the working
class is the only source from which
funds can be obtained to publish this
paper, but the prostituted conservative
press of British Columbia gets a boost
every year from the Conservative government. Last year $88,000 was. the
amount voted to the party orgsns for
advertising and boosting the McBride
government.
Twenty-three men control the financial resources of this country. Twenty-three men enable you to throw your
caps in the air and boast of a prosperous country. Because twenty-three
men control the finances of this country is good enough reason why you
should line up with the Socialist Party
and help get control of the machinery
of wealth production so that the whole
of the workers can enjoy what they
collectively produce.
Nlety-five per cent, of the population
of B. C. are wage workers. The stores
and warehouses are crammed full of
goods. Almost every factory, mill, railroad and mine is going full blast. And
yet the streets are full of unemployed.
Houses and shacks are almost bereft
of furniture. The pantries are almost
bare, and men, women and children are
dragging themselves around in clothes
that beggars would almost be ashamed
of. What is the remedy? Line up
with the Socialist Party for the capture of powers of government and the
transformation of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production into
the collective property of the working
class.
A Socialist farmer is now the head
of the parliament of Finland.
Three dollars per week Is considered
good wages for tbe girls tolling in the
nation's candy industry. It Is almost
exclusively an industry where girls
are employed.
WHAT  CONSTITUTES   HUMAN
PROGRE88.
(Continued from Page One.)
The cause Is very simple; the means
of living have fallen Into the possession of a few. As a result the others
are compelled to prostitute themselves
by selling their labor power. For this
they receive as much as it costs to
produce. But this amount ts almost
constant, hence all the benefit of the
improvede machinery and methods
goes to the benefit of the employing
class. And the growing surplus which
they are unable to buy back and consume because It Is surplus—because
It Is product exceeding what Is paid—
this surplus heaps up ln the warehouses and gluts the markets and then
workers are thrown out of work because they have produced too much.
The evil does not stop here. As a
constant succession of the workers arc
thrown into the streets to starve, they,
clamoring at the factory gates for em-
polyment, compel those In work to
work longer and harder and for less
money than ever. So ln the end the
machinery has only fixed toll more
surely upon the worker, and confirmed
him ln his poverty.
There is only one escape for the
workers. They must take possession
of the means of producing wealth and
use them to satisfy their needs and to
lighten their labor. They must decline to be the beasts of burden ot an
Idle class, and must demand tbat all
able-bodied adults within such limits
of age as may be found necessary,
shall contribute their share to the
necessary work of satisfying the social
needs.
Why should any able-bodied person
escape the labor of supporting himself or herself? Why should any class
be permitted to throw on another class
the burden of supporting them? The
colossal Impudence of lt Is overwhelming.
The way lies through the capture of
political power, by means of which
the master class retain their hold
upon the means of production. It is
through Parliament that the Army,
Navy, and Police are controlled, hence
Parliament must be captured by the
working class. Having secured control of the armed forces production
and distribution must be organized on
a new basis—a basis of common ownership of both the means and the
product. Then production will continue
as long as goods are needed, Instead
of only so long as they can be sold.
The Bystem of society is Socialism.
Study Socialism and work for it—-
A. E. J., ln the Socialist Standard.
Forty-second Anniversary of the
PARIS COMMUNE
Smoking   Concert   In   Commem-
meoration to  Be Held  In
VANCOUVER LABOR TEMPLE
TUE8DAY, MARCH 18, AT
8.30 P.M.
Music, Songs and Speeches
TICKETS $1.00.
PAMPBLETS   FOB  TBE   MILLION
WBY X MPT TBS CBUBCB.    I!v Jo*
McCabe.
WIT AM I AW AOBOSTXC?     Hy Col. It
O. [nsersoU,
CHBISTIABITY'B DEBT TO BABUSB
FELIOIOBB.     Hy P.  Vlil.ni.
BOW TO BEFOBM MABXTHD.    By Col
It.  Q,  ll!K<*l.ii'll.
MYTH   OB   HZSTOBT   IB    TBE   OLD
TEBTAMEBT.    Hy Samuel  Laing.
LIBEBTY    OT    MAB,    WOMAB,    ABD
child.    Hy Cot  R, G. Ih-reraoll.
TBE AOE or BEASCB.    Ey   Thomas
Paine.
•LAST    WOBDB    OB    ETOLUTIOB.     By
Prof. Ernst Haeckel.
SCIEBCE    ABD    THE    FUBPOBE    OF
LIFE.    By  Frldtjof Nanaen.
TBE GBOBTB.    By Col.  K. O.  lagersoil
TBE       FAB8ZBO       OT      BZBTOBICAL
CBBIBTXABITT.   By  K.-v   It. Roberts,
Tb* abore set of elevan Pamphlsne poit
trot tot W osnts.
PEOFLEB  BOOB  STOBE
138 Cordova Bt. W., Tsneonvor, B. C.
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