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Western Clarion Apr 5, 1913

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Array Owned and controlled  by  the
Socialist   Party
of Canada
Published in the
interest of the
Working  Glass
Subscription Price      —— p— —
The Result of the Poll On April 17th Will Show If the
Coal Miners of Alberta Are
Or Not
In the Lethbridge District the com-.
ing Provincial Election promises to be
of great interest to the labor movement of the West. In addition to a
representative of the Conservative
party interests we find two other candidates who claim to be capable of
representing the Interest of the workers—the Socalist, and a Labor candidate (the latter having the endorsa-
tlon of the liberal party).
Owing to the sound revolutionary
propaganda of the Socialist party in
British Columbia the attempt to palm
off such delectable mixtures as Llb-
eral-lAbor or Conservative-Labor bas
proved a miserable failure. However,
now tbat the activity of tbe Socialists
|g spreading ln Alberta, we find this
peculiar disease cropping up there.
Tills Is tbe more surprising ln the
l>-thbridge District, especially so when
we observe a prominent member of
one of the largest, if not the largest,
bodies of organized workers in tbe
West—the miner—Infected with this
distressing malady. From whence did
he get It? Evidently not from their
recent convention held In the city of
Lethbridge from February 17th to 22d
last, where the miners endorsed tbe
Socialist party as the only political
party for the workers, and turned
down in no uncertain manner tbe proposal to start a "Labor" party. Was
It In Edmonton that the Infection took
place?   Let us examine the symptoms.
Right after the convention in Lethbridge It was decided that representatives of the United Mine Workers proceed to Edmonton to use their Influence towards getting certain amendments favorable to the miners included in the Coal Mines Regulation Act.
We here see the victim in apparent
Rood health (but to the practiced eye
appearances do not deceive) running
into the danger zone, lie is next observed with strong symptoms of inoculation from the infectious Liberal
Rerm, peculiar to the Province of Alberta. In Lethbridge the disease
breaks out In a manner also peculiar
to political complaints. The diagnosis
proves that the terrible scourge of the
Labor Movement has a trusted servant, in its grip, Isolation Is necessary,
and the public physician must use the
ballot box treatment. Labor Liberal
germs are dangerous. They compromise the best Interests of the
working cIbbb.
The workers of all capitalistic countries have surely had their lesson, and
It ls up to the workers of the Western
Provinces to give this malady drastic
This tabor candidate is not a So-
a resolution proposed by Delegate
Dudley of Hillcrest, to the effect that
the convention adopt the Socialist
platform. The recommendation of the
committee read in effect that District
IS endorse the Platform of the Socialist Party of Canada on the political
field. Length]' discussion followed,
and while a few did not. think the time
ripe for them to take this action,
altho' the various speakers personally
supported the platform, on a vote being
taken it was passed unanimously."
The resolution introduced by Delegate
Whsatley Of Bankhead reads "in advancing the interests of the mine
workers Of this District, on the political field, we would advise that our
members endorse the platform of the
Socialist Party." This motion was
duly seconded and on being put to the
vote was carried.
Vice President J. O. Jones was
present and Is now soliciting the support of the workers on a Labor-Liberal ticket in the lethbridge consistl-
tuency. What do the miners say?
Are they EASY MARK8?
Fernie, B. C, April 2, 1913.
Western Clarion, i
516  Main   St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
The true report of the Trades and
Labor convention held at Lethbridqe.
2b delegates present. Two delegates
from Socialist Party with instructions
to lay before the convention tire fact
that Knight was nominated by Socialist local, and to ask for the support of
labor. Chairman, presumed Socialist,
railroaded into chair. Platform committee in charge of report endorsed
Socialist platform; minority report,
Labor Party. Im'mediately motion to
adopt minority report. Rumpus. Clem
Stubbs. president Mine Workers, at
one time considered Socialist, now
looked upon as an apostate, foreseeing
trouble, moves to adopt political platform Alberta Federation of Labor.
RED DEER, C. H. Snell, Box 528
Lethbridge—Sam. Larson, 1411 3rd
Avenue North.
Rocky Mountains—L. E. Drake, Hillcrest, Alta.
Edmonton—J. A. S. Smith, 622 First
Street, Edmonton.
Calgary—W. M. Scott, Box 647, Calgary.
Alexandria—V. P. Morgan, Kitscoty.
ural Iron-Worker.
LETHBRIDGE,  J.   R.   KNIGHT,   Carpenter.
Alexandria — (Nominating Convention May 5).
(Organizer, S. P. C.)
"There's plenty of work for all who want It!"
What a beautiful expression!    How | important factor in production, is be-
pregnant with comfort and happiness
lor the slave who hears it! Plenty for
all who want it! Well, to a certain
extent, this may be so, for, were the
necessaries of life assured us, few
would want it.
But despite the empty clamoring of
political leaders, and the bare assertions of a servile press to the contrary,
there is not work enough for all who
need it. Even were their statements
ttue, and every wage slave in existence
safely entrenched in a position around
the wheels of production, even granting such a cast;—what would the ex
pression imply? It would imply this—
that we as a class would be in a worse
position than ever; that more surplus
value would be taken from our hides
and bodies than Is at present extracted; that the thirty-three years of exigence (which the psalmist must hav ■
had in mind when he wrote by mistake "three scores years and ten")
would be considerably shortened. It
would mean all this and more, wen'
it true, for these are the logical outcome of such a condition.
But then the statement Isn't true;
and what's more, it would not be under
the present capitalist system of production.
One of the most necessary pillars of
the present system is the reserve army
of unemployed, and, make no mistake
about it, we have around every Indus
trial centre of the civilized globe just
such an army. Unlike the military
fortes of the great powers, the deserters from this unemployed army do no',
approach being numerically so great, a*!
those who join it, and as time goes on
the recruits are becoming proportionately greater.
There are various reasons for such
being the case.   The machine, ever an
The Liberal-Labor Tactics Exposed On This Page
Are Necessary to Secure the Continuation of
the Process-How Will You Vote?
coming more and more perfected. Machinery which ten years ago was considered a marvel of the inventor's %"■
nius, is quietly rusting by the wayside.
or gracefully reclining in the Junk
dealer's yard. Better machines, ones
capable of replacing more hired hands
and, as must in consequence follow,
capable of turning out a greater supply
of commodities in a given time, have
taken their places. Every machine
that is introduced, every improvement
that takes place in the methods of
production, throws an increasing number of workers out of employment.
But still, does it not seem strange
that this machinery—manufactured
and introduced by working men an J
women for the purpose of lessening
labor time required in the production
of commodities—is not owned, as well
aE produced and operated, by the workers themselves? Strange Indeed it
must seem to all who first consider the
problem; but by no means anything
wonderful to the student of history
who understands the great strides
which social evolution has taken
through the centuries of chattel and
feudal slavery, and with greater rapidity in the system of today. He knows
that on a property basis was slavery
born and nurtured; that from its Incept ion society was diveded up Into
classes, one owning everything and the
other nothing; that the dispossessed
class had no other means of obtaining a
living but by peddling themselves lo
those who owned and controlled the
avenues of wealth.
But, although slavery has been in
existence all these centuries, we find
it at various times assuming different
forms. The early slaves had nothing
to sell.    They were "articles" to be
(Continued on Page Four.)
Fernie, B. C, Apl. 2, 1913.
Western Clarion,
516 Main St.
Vancouver. B. C.
The   board   meeting  of  district   '3.
held at Prank Monday, some good in-
trigue work accomplished.    Three of-
ficlals  implicated  In   Lethbridge com-
promise deal out of seven.    Only one |  	
^f. j recently.   It is rather an exposition of
This article is not a report of tbe
Convention of the United Farmers of
Alberta,   which   was  held   in  Calgary
■iallst, and has never been considered j member needed to get majority.
s such by the workers In the Crow's j ter eighteen hours working over one | impressions gathered by the writer as
' man, succeeded in chloroforming him.   he sal :i humble and silent listener to
Rssult, preiident is authorized to In-  the discussions which took place.   Fi'.<.
struct editor of official organ. District i ther, the manuscript was written im-
Ledger, on political views. Editor now ■ mediately after the convention, but for
behind back,    in- | 'i*'-5 of " Socialist paper to publish i*
Nest Pass.   However, he has lived ln
a strong Socialist camp and has evi
ilenetly Imbibed the philosophy of the
master class who look upon the workers as being easy marks, and whilst
we must candidly ndmit that they
hsve proved themselves such on so
many occasions, >et we feel that an
"pen betrayal of trust by one whom
they had but recently voted into a
responsible position ln the labor movement wlll not be pulled off quite so
easily as the Liberal machine Imagine.
This open contempt of the working
Hbss should find vehement protest at
ths polling booths, and if we are not
mistaken, the Socialist candidate, J.
R. Knight, will wage a vigorous campaign on behalf of the working class
i'i the l,ethbrlilge District.
C M. O'Brien, representing the
Rocky Mountain Riding ln the Alberta
Provincial Legislature, has demon-
ilrated on numerous occasions what
Nippon, the workers of the Province
•nay expect from a Liberal government, and the miners at least can have
no doubt whatever that their alliance
with a Labor representative la not In
•he Interest of the workers. It may be
'" the Interest of the individual eon-
•"■"•rned In this coalition should the
workers prove such "easy marks" as
'"' seems to Imagine, and whilst they
may appear somewhat apathetic, It is
sometimes well to bear In mind that
their dormant Intelligence may And
"iidden awakening, which wlll bode no
Rood for those who betray them. Judas
''"reived his thirty pieces of silver for
I straying Christ, and then went away
II nd hanged himself.
The District Ledger, official organ I
"f nintrict 18, United Mine Workers of j
America, In Its Issue of February 22,
"■Porting the proceedings of tho con-
V|,ntlon reads as follows:
Probably the most Interesting
•eatnre of the convention was the
"'commendation    of the    committee
has hands tied -wel
structions, If one word is mentioned on
situation, his head goes.
Calgary, Alta.. Apl. 2, 1913.
J. H. Burrough,
516 Main St., Vancouver, B. C.
Trades  Council   mass  meeting   last
night    endorsed    Calgary    Candidate
Burge.    Budden nominated Little Bjjw
District.    Situation   here   looks  good.
Write up.
It was left unpublished.
In order to understand the nature of
the discussions which took place at
the convention, it is necessary to understand how- the small farmer iuoks
St himself. Ills estimation of himself
lias changed considerably during the
lust years For he is no longer sure
of his Independence as a small producer. He has begun to fear that the
storms which are raging ln the mor.
kStS of the world with the possession
of commodities as their common ceo
tre, might sweep him off his feet.    He
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ has east the pet notion from his mind
from Calgary convey the information j|hftt |lu> „n|ltg of nlg fHrm erected a
that nine candidates are running in
the Alberta elections under the auspi-
ces of the Socialist Party of Canada.
For a whole solid hour the captain
had been lecturing his men on "Thi
ntiftl wall, behind which he was saf.-
and secure from the predatory inter-
OS'S, and over which the long arm of
capitalistic exploitation could riot
reach. Vet at the same time, he doe*
not consider himself as a mere work
ingninn.   He is still a capitalist.   As a
Duties of a Soldier," and he thought  capitalist ha buys him land :ind tools
and as a capitalist, he owns and sell
his products.    Further, he takes tbea
P'oductt to market  and hopes, as a
capitalist, to realize a profit from their
But Immediately ho enters the mnv-
be willing lo die for   ket, he come!! in conflict with the "big
I interests" lhat seize his products and
that now the time had come for him
to test the results of his discourse.
rusting his eye around the room, he
fixed it on Private Murphy as his lit"-*'
"Private  Murphy," he asked
should a soldier
his country?"
The irishman scratched his hen,! tor | deprive hlm Of his long longed-for pro
B while;  then an Ingratiating nnd on- j fits.    To not alone prevent this scan
lightening smile flitted across his far".
"Sure, captain," he said pleasantly,
'"you're quite right.   Why should he?"
i —Boston Transcript.
Put-gestlon for a text In overy Vancouver pulpit: "How Can a C.lrl Live
on •*?<• a Week?"
All  that we ask  Is the full  social
value of what we produce for society.
Then only wll'    e be content  to let
"nil" ths'7lscuMton,'whVch followed, on | the capitalist have the rest.
dalous state of affairs, but also to beat
•leni J'l i elr own :amc ne UUlU' w th
his brother.farmers against the "big
interests." The speelnl means by
vhich Ibis association of brother [arm
ers Intend to do this Is through wha'
they call "co-operation and comhlnn
tlon." They will own their own el"-
valors; the timber from which thes.'
elevators are to be built; the factories
Which make the implements for farm
use; the coal mines necessary for th"
use of these factories; the stores from
which they must buy the things llie.v
do not produce. The supposed and
uighly condemned robbery on the pan
of railroads and other industries which
they cannot immediately own. the.-
mean to control by government own -r
ship. And so as to better facilitate
this control, they want direct legislation. In short, it seems as if the far.
mers want to turn the nation into ,v
huge factory which is to be operated
for their special benefit, and the profits from which are to flow into their
own pockets.
The position of the small fanner,
then, is that of one who cries out
against the capitalist system, not be
cause he is opposed to its principles,
but because he is its victim. The denunciations which he levels at it mean
that he is sore because he does not
g»t a fair share of the spells. Accord
lngly it. is clear that the U. F. A. Is
not out to do away with capitalism,
nor does it recognize the class nature
of our government.
This statement is made, all the fine
preachments of  Mr.  Tregillus,  president of the TT. F. A. about Single Tax
and his denunciations of trusts, monopolies and mergers to the contrary net.
withstanding.    Mr.   Tregillus.  besides!
being a Single Taxer, is also a Capitalist   Perhaps he Is a Single Taxer because he* is a capitalist.    For Henry
George, of whom Tregillus is a humble
disciple,  accounted  for the  capllnlls'
income not by the theory of surplus
vnlue. but as A. M. Lewis expresses it.
bv the aging of wine and the swarmin.-*-
of bees.   Such a theory is a very nl'-e
decoy with which to distract the attention ot tbe unwary from the truth.
It ls a fine shield  behind  which the
capitalist  enn hide    his blood-money.
And Tregillus, thus doubly armed and
protected, can easily pose as economist par excellence and champion Invincible of the farmers of Alberta.   How,
ever, that economist who would alio1
Ish trusts, monopolies, mergers nnd all
the privileges of the rich, by tbe Institution of Single Tax, does not. need
to be seriously considered.   Single Tax
(Continued on Page Four.)
A Key to Marxian Economics
The key to Marx's economic    doctrine is his theory of value, with exposition of which "Das Kapltal" opens
.   .   .   He begins by separating value
in use from value in exchange. Value
in use is utility, arising    from    the
adaptation  of an article    to   satisfy
some  human  need.  Air,   water,  sun.
shine, wheat, potatoes, gold and diamonds are examples. It does not necessarily Imply exchange value. Many
goods   are   very   useful,   but  not  exchangeable, because they are free to
all.    Such  is the case, usually, with
water.    On the other hand, no goods
can have value in exchange unless it
is useful. Men will not give something
for that  which satisfies  no want or
need. Both value in use and value In
exchange  are  utilities,   but,  as  they
differ, there must be some element in
the one which the other does not per
se contain. We find  what that Is by
analysing the constituent elements of
different  goods   which    possess    exchange value.  How can  we compare
them?    Only because    they    contain
some common element.  But  what is
there ln common between a horse and
a house?    You cannot say that "this
stick  is longer than  that    sugar    is
sweet."    Yet  you  say   this  house  is
worth   ten   times   as   much   as   that
honse.    Materials  are  not  compared,
nor stability with swiftness, nor color
with color.    The common element is
found alone in human labor.   You compare labor with labor. It requires ten
times  the  amount of average social
labor to secure such a house as it does
to  put one  in  possession  of such n
horse.    Labor-time   is    the   measure
which we apply to different commodities in order to compare tbem.  We
mean   thereby   the  ordinary   average
labor which is required at a given time
in a given society. The average man
is taken as a basis, together with the
average advantages of machinery and
the arts. This is average social labor-
time.   Complicated labor is simply a
multiple of simple labor.  One man's
labor,   which   has  required   long  and
careful training, may count for twice ss
much  as  ordinary,  simple labor,  but
the simple labor Is the unit.
* » *
This distinction between vai'ie
in use and value In exchange ENABLES US TO UNDERSTAND HOW
BORERS. They pay tor. labor Its exchange value, which depends upon-the
cost of labor or the standard of life
of the laborer . . . What it takes
to support a laborer's family is the ex.
change value of all the labor which can
be got out of that family.
Let us suppose that a laborer t?
quires each day goods whose value is
denoted by A, each week in addition
thereto goods denoted by B, besides
quarterly needs which are satised by-
goods, whose value is C. Then his support for each day will require the value
365 a, + 52 B + 4 C.
of unpaid labor, of whose value tbey
are robbed.
/ • •
This enables us to comprehend the
significance of Marx's definition of
capital, which is as follows: "A Negra
is a Negro. In certain relations he becomes a slave. A cotton-spinning machine is a machine for spinning cottor.
It becomes capital only in certain rotations. Capital is a social relation existing ln the processes of production.
It is an historical relation. The means
of production are not capital when they
are the property of the Immediate producer. They become capital only under
conditions, in which they serve, at the
same time, as the means of exploit,
lng and ruling the laborer   .
The capitalist buys the commodity labor-power (L) for money (M) and sells
Its product for more money (M+). The
formula of capitalistic production is.
therefore, M—L—M+. In the Socialistic state, the surplus value vanishes.
The entire produce belongs to the producer. If he exchanges lt for other
products by means of money which
must be based on labor time—laboro-
time money—the formula will be C —
M—C. Money becomes simply a medium of exchanging commodities (C)
of equal value. The only source, then,
of obtaining the fruits of labor will be
—labor, physical or mental, but always
labor of some kind or another. Idlers
wlll disappear from the earth. The race
of parasites will become extinct.—Professor Richard T. Ely, University of
Your boss had a "good man" for
you to vote for. And you, easy mark.
were caught in the same trap that he
bas caught you in for more than 30
years. Will you ever get sense
enough to vote for principle.
In Austria the old political parties
are fusing to beat the Socialists, but
even that has played out, and the Socialists are winning elections with all
parties combined against them. Surely the end is In sight.
Now, if it requires six hours to pro
duce these goods, the laborer is produ *■•
ing surplus value If he   labors   more
than that time. This the capitalist requires him to do as he has hired his entire labor power. Under these circumstances, the laborer who works twelve
hours a day for his employer ls paid
for six hours' work, while he is robbed of the  product of the other six
hours' labor. The capitalist Is able to
do this because he possesses the means
of production.   The laborer would gladly work without recourse to the capitalist, but he has not the means, the
instruments with which to produce. He
must accede to the terms of the capitalist or starve. The capitalist goes on
the market, and finds there the commodity, labor (power. Ed.) for whW
he pays Its value in exchange, as for
any other commodity.    But value In
use  does  not   depend   upon  value  In
exchange.      The value ln use of Is*
bor   (power—Ed.)   to   the   capitalist
The capitalist    pockets    the   surplus
value, and it becomes capital, thus enabling him  to  continue  and  enlarge
his process of exploitation.
Let the line,
represent  the labor of twelve hours,
l! dividing it into two parts;  A B
is necessary labor; B——C is unpaid
labor productive of surplus value, it is
the   capitalist's   interest   to   extend
B C ns much as possible, as that
governs his accumulations. Hence, tho
efforts of employers to Increase the
length of a day's labor; hence tho efforts of employees to shorten A C.
ns they thereby diminish the amount
(Especially suitable    just    now!
to those in the Lethbridge district)
Q.   Who is John O. Jones.
A.   He is a Welshman.
Q.   What ls John O. Jones?
A. A  member of District 18, U.
M. W. of A.
Q.   What is he by occupation.
A.    A  coal  miner.
Q.   Is he working at his trade?
A.    No.    He is vice-president of
the   mine    workers'    organization
and  is also president    of the Alberta Federation of Labor.
Q. Are these organizations male
Up of workingmen?
A. Well, rather! The on* rea-
ord is made of men who work
mderground and the others work
Q. Is there anything of a political aspect in these two organizations?
A. Yes. The one, the miners,
has officially recognized the Socialist Party of Canada, the other
has not.
Q. Why has not the other?
A. They have not been suffi
clently educated.
0. ls John O. Jones a Sucta!
A. His fellow workers In Hill-
e been under that impression, but they are mistaken. He was
looked upon by some as a shepherd, but appearances would lead
one to think that he was representing the a,at of arms of his native
country, in which a "goat" ls a
prominent figure.
Q. Why did he accept the noml
A. Because he was looking for
a chance to get an easy job, thinking he cc-"lil pull the wool over
the eyes of the working class voters in the Lethbridge constituency,
but in the words of the poet of
Ayr "The best Intents of mice and
men oft gang agley."
Q. Did he take this step off bis
own bat?
A. We hardly think so, and li
walla have mouths as well as ears
a certain room in Edmonton could
tell a story of human Interest that
would  make very     ""id  wading.
This is the end of the first chapter in farce-comedy, and the real
"hero" does not appear until a little
later In the play. "Many a rosa ls
born to blush unseen and waste Its
sweetness on the desert air."
..W,   .A,.^AI... , .   WW***-'
..: .....Ir.H'fWi:--
hi mmiwwwl iii ii   1    ' m"r~irn"--i  ir— ---r-^- ,v.
*"*'V. "lt*m^iV^ PAGE TWO
Published every Saturday by the
Socialist Party of Canada at the office
of The Western Clarion, S16 Main St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
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ty-T-c Watch the label on your paper. If
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The eyes of the Canadian Socialist
movement are now turned in the d!
rection of Alberta. The powers that
rule have decided that the time 'a
iipe to obtain a new lease oi power
irom the same source ironi which ii
bas come in tbe past—the ignorance
of the industrial worker and tbe work
ing farmer. That it has in tne past
proved to be a reliable support, the
constitution of the last Alberta Legislative Assembly bears ample witness.
That it will be so from now on is a
question as to which they would be
justified in entertaining serious misgivings.
Economists  may  disagree in  thei-
classification, of  the   farmers of  the
wheat-belt (i.e., the actual farmer) as
to whether he functions as one who
peddles his labor-power, congealed iu
the commodities he has produced, with
only a fictitious title to both them and
the machines that aid him, or whether
he  should  properly  be classed  as a
small capitalist, who Is being forced
down into the ranks of the wage-working  proletariat by  the  operations of
concentrated masses of capital in the
farming industry.    The latter view is
ably presented in the article in this
issue by Comrade Christiansen, and la
our opinion, is a more satisfactory one
than the former, which has in a large
measure, hitherto held the field.
Judging from the progress ot the So-
• cialist movement amongst the Alberta
farmers, as illustrated in the reports
of organizers and the number of new
locals of the Socialist Party of Canada
formed by  that  section  of Alberta's
population in the last few months, the
farmer himself seems to be awake to
the fact that, however economists may
disagree as to his economic classification, both he and they are of one
mind as to one particular.    That is,
that his condition, in spite of bumper
harvests and press agents' paeans of
joy over the soaring figures of "Can- j
ada's prosperity," is rapidly becoming
unbearable,  and   that   ihe  Inevitable-
tendency of capitalist production is t«
crush him, as it is. doing the small
business man, into the already swollen
ranks of the undisguised proletariat.
The education he has been receiving
in Marxian economics ln the last few
years, driven home by the logic of the
concrete facts that face him when he
seeks to dispose of his products in the
vortex of a world's  market in  competition with those of the "trust farm"
is showing results
Later accounts of the Dayton, Ohio
disaster caused by the abnormal floods
as appearing in the daily press, run
"Property loss will not exceed $1,
noo.ooo."    -
"Damage to mercantile houses, fac
tories and residences anywhere from
$15,000,000 to $20,000,000."
"Water has receded from the business section and large portion of tlia
residence district."
Slaves do not live in residences.
They exist in shacks, rented rooms, or
cheap apartment houses. Although
thousands of them may have lost the I
little they ever had, the sum total of it
in cash would pale into insignificance
when compared to that sustained bf
any one of half-a-dozen of the labor-
skinning outfits affected. "Hard cash"
being the sole standard by which the
relative news-value of the details  in
Questions often raised at our meetings are "How are you going to do
this? and that? and the other thing?1
In a certain real estate shark's win
dow on Hastings St., Vancouver, B. C.
where various lurid signs and pictures
under Socialism? "Does Socialism I declare to an intelligent public, the
stand for this?" "Does Socialism stand |Price °f certain pieces of Wikjlld
for that?"
Questions of this nature have no
bearing on the subject at all. Socialism does not stand for or against
anything. Socialists do. Socialism
and ethics are two different things altogether.
Socialism is a science. Astronomy
explains the laws governing the movements of the celestial bodies. Biology explains the laws governing life.
Psychology explains the laws governing the action of the mind. Socialism
explains the laws governing the movements of society.
Suppose the leaders of the bourgeois    revolution    had   been   asked:
„ ,   .   .   ,     .   ..   ,  How do you intena to do things un-
occurrances such as this is judged, the i .      .       •» ,„
>   .   , . ,, ,*«•-., i i der the new regime?     Do you think
property-loss of the capitalist element , ,
'      J. ..     .     ,      I they had any idea that things would
is played up on the front page, sup
planting the previous recital of human
suffering, which is as acute as ever.
Which class has suffered the most
—the workers, who have lost their all,
or their exploiters, who have lost but a
portion of their wealth?
The relative position the workers
occupy In the eyes of the capitalist
press in times like this, ought to be
gratifying to their working class readers. It is safe to say that they never
give it a thought, but devour with
avidity and consuming interest the ac
counts of the money-value of capitalis-
property destroyed. That, of course,
is not wholly surprising. From their
school davs up the whole tenor of the'r
education has been to fit them, physically and mentally, for the function
of producing wealth for others to enjoy, and to expect tnothing in return
but all that slaves ever got—sufficient
to enable them to continue the process
The destruction of property in this instance provides the opportunity of
once mere getting within hail of R
more or less elongated meal ticket
"There's going to be lots of work in
Dayton this summer," will be the text
of many earnest conversations
amongst the peddlers of labor-powe'-
pll over the continent, and visions of
high wages will be conjured up and
dilated upon wherever slaves gather.
The capitalist press can be depended
upon to spread the glad tidings, and
from every hole and corner, labor,
skilled and unskilled, will flock to peddle its commodity in the locality affected.
It is a prospect that fills the breasts
of capitalist and laborer with the same
delightful emotions, but for slightly
different reasons. While the former is
relying on an abundant supply of labor
cheapened by the competition induced
by the surplus thousands applying for
work (there are 4,500,000 unemployed
in the States today) the worker will
be relying on the Inducements of high
wages held out to him as bait by the
organs of the capitalist.
It does seem possible, at times (and
for a time) to please everybody.
We draw attention to an article in
this issue taken from the Mining ard
Engineering Record and forwarded to
us by a correspondent. It will not
make  pleasant  reading for  those  to
whom it refers.    It throws doubt. :>n
The farmer Is now -doing his own j the bona fides of the Canadian Collier-
thinking, and is less and less inclined   -es Co., Ltd., and incidentally on that
of  its   political  department,  the   .Mc
Bride government. It Is nothing new t<i
the Socialist of course but it may carry
mere weight to some because it is a
criticism of a typical capitalist' under-
to chase the will-o'-the-wisps of "cheap
money," "mixed farming," or "govern
ment ownership" of railroads and Plr*
vators, held out to him by those who
thrive upon his Ignorance. His clear- ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
ing vision reveals to him the swamp I taking from a capitalist point of vie\i
of greater misery to which they would j j^-en from the point of view of
lure him. The propaganda of Social- j a capitalist journal, the attitude
ism has gained his attention, and he ] a{*0pted by the miners of Ladysmlth
is rapidly lining up with his fellow- \ an(j Cumberland is fully justified, but
letims on the industrial field In B. C. exception must be taken to the state-
in the world movement that has for itJ ment that the trouble had its initla-
goal social ownership of all things tion -n national prejudice, caused bj
socially needed and used. the    so-called    "Yankeeism"    of   the
That this stage has been attalnei mines. That Is entirely false,
in Alberta is due to the economic con- The miners on the Island are as
dltlons produced by the operations of j 1)01)Uiar w-t-j t-je English born and
dominant, capital. That factor is the raix witn them in their sports as free-
source and the ally of the Socialiot jy a8 men 0f one cia88 can. The real
movement. An educational propaganda > -ea80n for the strike is adequately ex-
that draws Its lessons from the facts j p]ajned in a succeeding paragraph,
in the daily life of those to whom it is j The writer has probably hit the nail
directed, will not stultify Itself by ad- sr]liarely on the nead when he Bug
vocatlng the efficacy of reform meas j, est8 that the trouble was deliberately
ures ln mitigating the effects of capit- \ forced on the men by .the manage-
allsm. The Sisyphus task of forctnp: I -jr,ent to cover up their own Incapacity,
back up the hill the rolling stone of j To serve as a cloak and shield far
social and Industrial evolution can b° j them, the miners and their families
left to the real "lmposslbillsts"—the mU8t suffer, although, thanks to their
reformers—whether they masquerade: international, that has been to a great
under the cloak of Socialism, or stand j extent obviated,
out honestly as guardians .of the inter i That fs the lot of slaves. The mln
ests of capitalism. i ers    of  Cumberland   and   LadyBmlth
So far is the scientific Socialist from j know lt, and know the action nepes
attempting to divert or turn back ths  Rar.y to attain freedom.
Irresistible forces of evolution, that he
wlll spend his efforts In clearing ob-; The Alberta election tactics should
stacles out of Its path, so that the in-; show the workers of that provlnc
evltable revolution ln ownership may j where the votes are. The question is,
be accomplished with as little distress! are the workers going to make gool
as the conditions will allow. j «se of their strength on the political
The result at the polls ln the coming Held?
election   will   give   an   indication,   If |    "There's a murmur in the air. you
only an incomplete one, of the degree ( can hear it everywhere."--Fernie Led-
of Intelligence attained by the farmers '. ger. 	
of Alberta as to the causes that have j ^^ ^^ ^^ ^ three.year.
reduced tbem to their present oonai j o|(J Amerlcan baby •-„ he|r to $64,000,-
tlon, and the remedy lo apply. 000.
ever be as they are now? Could they
have told you that we would have so
many workhouses, lunatic asylums,
strikes, lockouts, blacklists, injunctions, jails, thugs, labor spies? Do
you think they ever imagined that
their system would cause a man to
stoop so low as to import Asiatics to
take the place of his own kind and
when his own kind revolt against such
rotten conditions, to send along Cossacks and thugs, armed to thc teeth
(and also products of the system) to
escort these same Asiatics to and
from work? and at the least, and
sometimes without any provocation at
all, club, jail, shoot, or stick his own,
that he may win favor in the eyes of
his master and gain promotion (but
which ought to be called degradation) ?
No, they could not have told you anything about the new order to be.
If we were to draw up a plan as to
how we were going to do things under
the new order of society, it would be
equal to trying to impose on society
the story that some virgin had given
birth to a child without going through
the state of pregnancy and to ask us
to give you a plan of the new society,
is to call a doctor into a woman who
is pregnant and saying: "Well, doctor,
what kind of a child is this going to
be? Will it be a boy or a girl? Will
it be long or short, lean or fat? Will
it be a Christian or an Atheist, Liberal
or Conservative?"
The doctor would not know the first
thing about it, unless he knew something of the parents of the child and
their history. The more he knew
about the parents the better Idea he
could form of the child and the more
he knew of the grandparents and the
great grandparents, still more would
he know about the child; and so it
is with the new society that is about
to be born.
The present is the child of the past,
but is pregnant with the future, lf
you know nothing about the present
system Capitalism, you can't know
anything about Socialism, and the
more you know about Capitalism and
its parents Feudalism, Chattel Slavery and Early Communism, the more
you will know about Socialism.
The working class can't rise until
they know what holds them down,
and to know this, it is necessary that
the workers needs must read and
study the science of Socialism, and as
they gain knowledge, so they gain
Once a -slave becomes conscious ot
his position, he not only joins his class
organization, but he also becomes an
agitator and organizer himself, more
or less.
The working class are bound, not by
the wrists or ankles, as of yore, but by
the brain, and when a wage slave is
fortunate enough to become mentally
emancipated, he immediately joins the
ranks of the Socialists, to participate
in the struggle which is between the
intelligent portion of the working class
and the capitalist class for the conquest of the mind of the deluded, decoyed and misled portion of the working class. When enough of the workers know what capitalism ls, then capitalism will be abolished. But as long
as the majority of the workers believe
that this is the only system possible,
then It ls impossible to have any other
than a slave system.
Therefore, lt Is up to all of us to
get busy. We must not deviate from
the trial we are on.
Al] kinds of policies will be brought
up to attract us from our goal. We
must, ignore them. Let them bring
forth their naval policies, reciprocity,
etc. We have no time to spare for
such. Life is short, and we want to
make the best of it and all our time
is needed if we must see the end of
slavery and the dawn of the Co-operative Commonwealth. Our duty Is to
explain to our fellows the theory of
surplus value, the materialist conception of history, and the claas struggle,
and victory will be ours.
Yours  ln Revolt,
stump apparently within easy jumping
distance of the North Pole, there is an
interesting model, which candidly
manifests the beautiful brutality of
the capitalist system. On a revolv-ng
table is a small doll, very loose In the
feet, holding on to a small truck, which
he is supposed to be trundling. As tbe
table revolves, the doll's feet move
witty corresponding quickness, although
he never makes any headway. Then
tomes the startling admission thai this
man is like thousands of us, "Worked
All His Life and Accomplished Nothing." Always ln motion, without any
progress for ourselves, we bave been
content to slave for nges, producing
wealth for others and kicking only
when we thought we were not to be
allowed to continue this production
tor some one else.
Oh, ye slaves who are played for
suckers at each election by your master's henchman, and made the laugh
ing stock of every 2x4 capitalistic junk
peddler when he wants a good trad?
advertisement ; flattered when necessary by your rulers as "free born
British workmen" and brutally driven
back to your miserable hovels or your
places in the mine or shop when any
attempt is made by you to protest
against conditions.
Ye, who sing "Britons never
shall be slaves" when your work and
your vote has once more placed Bowser and McBride, or Borden or Churchill, in power to rule and oppress
you, and afterwards bite the dust as
the policeman's club descends upn
your skull or militiaman's rifle and
ball reels you over—how long wlll you
Socialist Party Directory
Soclall-it Party of Canada, meets first
and third Sundays, 3 p.m., at 516
Main S t.    J. H. Burrough, Sec retary.
lOxecutive Committee, Soelaliat Party
of Canada meets same as above.
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 KlRhtli
Ave. Kast. Burt ES. Anderson, Secretory,  Box  647, Calgary.
SASKATCHEWAN PBOVIMC1AL EXECUTIVE, I. 9. ot C, Invites all comrades residing in Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organization matters. Address D. McMillan,
38   Main   St.,   So.   Hill,   Moose   Jaw,
_ Saslc    ___	
Committee: Notice:—This card Is Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party, so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
Secretary, J. 1). Houston, 493 Kurby
St.,  Winnipeg. 	
S.   P.   of   C—Business   meeting   °\3
second Sunday of the mon tli iln<i .,.'
paganda meeting every fourth Sun „
Open to everybody at Hoom 881   i »i
'p.......i.,     ..»    o    r,    —      ..    "**• i^abor
Temple,   at   2   p.   m.
Anderson, Barnet, B, C.
Secretary,  h
5". *o,~u
Finish. Meete every second „, ,
fourth Thursdays In the momh l,
1218 Pender St. Kant. Ovla Und V
retary. '   "'
LOCAL     COLEMAN.     ALTA.,     BO     ,
Miners' Hall and Opera House prona
ganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the tlrTi
and third Sundays of the month |>UJ|
ness meetings on Thursday evenlnsr.
following propaganda meetings m i
Orgunlzer, T. Steele, Coleman AU,,
Secretary, >•*« ni»-*,-„„„i— r. "**-.
y,  Jas.   Olendennlng,   iiox ji
,  Alta.     Visitors  may  recelv,
Information   any  dav  at  Miners'  Ball
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box CS  Cole
man, Alta.
Committee, Socialist Party or Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays In the Cape Breton oillce of the
Party, Commercial Street. Olace Bay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box
491,  Glace  Bay,  N.S.
Headquarters, Labor Temple. Dunsmulr street.  Business meeting on flrst
of every month ut s p.m.    Secretary,
J. McMillan, Labor Temple. Vancouver.  B. C.        	
local 9jaumr'si7^9T'oT~^
educational   meetings   In   the   Miners'
Union    Mall    every    Sunday    at    7:00
Business meeting third Sunday In each
month,   T.30  p.m.     Economic  class  ev- I LOCAL MOOBB JAW, NO. 1, B. P  of C
cry  Sunday afternoon at 2:30.    Albert |     Business   meeting  and  economic clatt
K.   Hurt.  Secretary,  Box   139. every  Wednesday  evening  ut Com. D
  '     McMillan's. 32 Main St., So. Hill. Pr-mL
Uganda meeting every Sunday, s p m
nt the Hex Theatre. Beoretary urn
Harrison, 106 Maple St. Organiser \
P. of C. Headquarters 6:>2 First Bl
Business and propaganda meetlnsii
every Wednesday at 7.30 p.m. than
Our reading room is open to the orth.
lie free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. aulv
Secretary, J. A. S. Smith, 623 Kjr"■,'
St.; Organizer, W. Stephenson.
LOCAL CALOABT,  ALTA.,  Ho. 4, fl. m
ot C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at 8 o'clock ut the head-
quarters. 134 Ninth Ave, West h
S.   Maxwell,   Secretary,   Box   647.
every Sunduy, Trades Hall, h.Oo |Mn
Business meeting, second Friday k
p.m.. Trades Hall. \V. B, Hird. On
Del.,  Secretary.
*b004i'L—'Uina°HsMB7AlTA., BO. 13,
S. P. of C. Meets every Bunday at
3:30 p.m. In Miners' Hall. Secretary
Sam Larson, 1411 3rd Ave. N, WnY
Devoir, Organizer.
LOCAL B0S8LAND, Ho. 35, B. F. of C,
meets In Miners' Hall every Sunday al
7.30 p.m. K. Campbell, Organizer.
Will Jones. Secretary, Box 126. l-'ln-
ntsb branch meets In Flnlanders' Hall
Sundays at 7.30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secretary,   Box   64,   Hossland.   B.   C.	
S. P. of C.—Headquarters, Labor Temple. Business meeting every Saturday. 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday at 8 o'clock In the Dreamland Theatre. Main Street. Secretary,
H. C.  McCutcbeon, 87  Dlgmar St.
if C.
us to attend our meetings. Business
meetings are held the flrst nnd third
Sundays of each month at 10.30 a.m.
in the same hall. Parly organizers
take notice. T. W. Brown, Secretary,
be content with this state of affairs? jffig£jjr kevelstoxe, B. C., *o.~7,;
Accomplished nothing!      Yea, verily!' """'
Not only content to create wealth for
others, your whole energy and time is
given up to fighting and working for
those who live upon your labor.
Our message ls to you: "Workers of
the World Unite! Study the facts as
presented to you today. See the direction in which your Interests lie and
line up with those of your class who
are out for the world's wealth for
those who work and nothing for those
who shirk.
The B. C. Provincial lists have been
cancelled, and but one month allotted
wherein to register, and but a few
days of this time now remains. This
smells like another rushed election in
the near future. i
Get busy and register.
Get the other fellow to register.
Peddle the Clarion and other Socia-1
list literature.
Get your   workmate   interested  in
Socialist   propaganda   meetings,   and
then, when the  opportunity   presents j
itself for you to register your protest
against this system at the ballot box,'
wake up, and for once In your life, at-;
tempt   to   accomplish   something   for
yourself. W. A. PRITCHARD.    j
LOCAL MICHEL, B. C, Ho. 16. B. *. of
C.   holds  propaganda  meetings  every
Sunday  afternoon  at  2.30  In  Orahani S I
Hall.     A  hearty  Invitation   Is  extend-	
ed  to all  wage slaves within  reach "f!--.OCAL  OTTAWA  HO. 8,  B.  9. ot 0.—
Business meetings the flrst Sunday Ir
month In the Labor Hall. 219 Hank
Street, at 8 p.m. Secretary, A. Benen-
sohn, 281 Laurier Ave. Organiser,
A. G. McCallum.    Recording secretary
i . .... v .    Business meetings at Socialist  headquarters  fourth  Thursdays of
each month.    B. If. Gayman..Secretary.
LOCAL "VXOVOBZA, Ho. g, ****, %*. Ot C-
headquarters and reading room B7s
Yates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting
Sundny, 8 p.m., Kmpress Theatre.
No. 61. meets every Friday night nt
8 o'clock ln Public Library room. John
Mclnnis, Secretary; Andrew Allen, Or-
ganizer. I ... 	
local Cumberland Ho. 70, B. p. of      Labor has been voting for i»s friends
C      Business   meeting   every   Sunday.:
afternoon   at   2:00   p.m.   In   Socialist   and that ie the reason that Labor ha«
Hull   opposite   Post   Office.      Kconomlc; „   k«_~i„„  n«mmH»o«  D,,„„li„„,l„., 	
classes  held  Tuesday  and   1-riday.   ;  a b«-KB|nf? committee supplicating ev
p.m.         rrnpnfcandn      meeting     every ory legislative body for crumbs.
Sunday, 3  p.m.     Headquarters:  Socialist Hall, oposlte post offlce.    Financial                          	
Secy.,  Tho™-.   Carney^ Corresponding -,vhen  lAbor voteg for ,t8eIf ,„„,,,,,,
Wm.   McCallum. 	
tlmt— Headquarters in Hukusln Hlk,
Commercial St. Open every evening,
Business and Propaganda meeting al
headquarters every Thursday at S p.m.
Harold O.  Hoss, Secretary.  Box £,05.
LOCAL CAHMOBE, ALTA., Ho. M, S.' ***>.
nf C, Headquarters at Miners' Hull.
Business meetings every first and second Sunday In the month. N*. II.
Thaclnik. Secretary, Box 167, Canmore.
Secretary. Joseph Naylor.
of its friends, Labor will get the whole
LOCAL VANCOUVEB No.  1, B. 9. ol C.    ,     ,       , . 	
Business   meeting  every   Tuesday   eve-    loaf   without   playing   the   role   of   the
nlng   nt   Headquarters.    213    Hastings, vnernl,f .   Minors'  M-ipt/Iiw
St.  Knst.    H.  Rahim, Secretary. \aRraitt     Minen*   Magazine.
Empress Theatre       J. McDonald Speaker
Vancouver, B.C.
8 p jn.
Without labor, capital would have *.o
be Idle as the gold In a mine. Even
that metal is useless until labor digs
it out.
Comrades who have copies of issue
No. 691 March 1st, 1913, are requested
to forward same to this office for filing
put poses.
The Dominion Executive have the following literature for sale. (Published
by  Ihe  party.):
To   1
tier 100
a copy
Manifesto S. P. of C	
. ..Ifi.ll'l
What Is Socialism?"* 	
Socialism and Unionism"
25c per dozen.
Struggle   for   F.xlstence*
■.'5c per dozen.
State   und   Government''.
....   1.00
25c per dozsn.
Value,  Price  and  Profit".
... 2.00
30c per dozen
•Kxpress  ejiarges  added.
To Bxecutlve
Locals      Committees
Due  Stamps   fO.10
Platforms,  Kngllsh . .    .25
Platforms,  Foreign 50
Due.-) Cards     1.00
Constitutions       l^ceach
(Above prices per 100)
Receipt   Books    05 each
Warrant   Books    25 each
Buttons (party)   3.50 doz.
do. to Individuals 60 each
Capitalists are paid out f'f labor, not-
laborers paid out bl capital.
The dead engine, the empty furnace,
the deserted factory, can only produ-9
profits for the capitalist when labor
power ls applied.
has the following cloth-bound hooks on
gale, Make all money orders payable to
W. Wilson, 213 Hastings St. E„ Vancouver,  B.  O.
Capital,  vols.   1,  2 and  3 12.00 !
The  Eastern   Question   (Marx)   2.00
Critique of Pol. Economy (Marx)... i.oo i
Ancient Lowly, vol. I and 2 (Ward)  1.50
Ancient  Society   (Morgan)   1.50
Materialistic Conception of History
(Labrlole)      1.00
Philosophical   Essays   (Dletzgen)   1,00
Industrial     History     of     England
(Rogers)     2.00
Students'   Marx   (Avellng)   1.00
DO-cent Books
Science   and   Revolution   (Untermann.)
Thc World's Revolutions (Untermann.)
Socialism,    Its   Orowth   and   Outcome
(Bax   &  Morris.)
Socialism  for Students   (Cohen.)
Evolution of Property (Lafargue.)
Right To Be Lazy,  Etc.   (Lufurgue.)
Class Struggle  (Kantsky.)
Militant  Proletariat   (Austin   Lewis.)
Making of the World  (Myers.)
End of the World  (Myers.)
Vnlue, Price and  Profit  (Marx.)
Revolution     and     Countcr-Revolutlon
MemnHrs of Karl Marx  (Llebknecht.)
Landmarks  of  Scl.   Socialism   (l)iu-h-
Origin of the Family  (Engels.)
Socialism, Utopian and Scientific  (Engels,)
Germs of Mind In Plants.
(Prices  Include  express  charges)
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, In convention assembled, sffirm
our allegiance to and support or tbe principles and programme of thi
revolutionary working class.
l^bor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong.
The present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership ol
tbe means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong
to the capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore master; the worker
a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins
of government all the powets of the State wtll be used to protect and
defend their property rights In the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swellim;
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever increasing measure of
misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of settln*?
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the ubolltlon of thc wane
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transforms
tlon of capitalist property In the msans of wealth production into col
lectlve or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of Interest between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating In a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the. capitalist to hold, the worker to secure ll
by political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with the object of conquering th**'
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist prop
erty In the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) Into the collective property of the working clanH
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when In office shall always and everywhere
until the present system Is abolished, make the answer to this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Wlll this legislation advance tne
interests of the working class and aid the workers In their class struggle against capitalism? If It will, the Socialist Party Is for It; » ll
will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to lt.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed In Its hands tn such a manner
as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
—   W *-FSl   IN
hF*l  JN B.C. <-.<•»•**    ^
5 Yearlies- $3.75
20 ^
This page ls devoted to reports of Executive Committees, Locals, and
General Purty Matters. Address all communications to J. H. Burrough.
Secretary, 516 Main St., Vancouver, 1). C.
convened as above.
Minutes of previous  meeting adopted
""(■Mrt-esDondence dealt with from Hoss-
, „ Miners' Union, W. F. M.; W. M.
L t Calgary; H. Wilmer, Fernle; Alf.
»iden Calgary; 8. U. P., Nanalmo; Wil-
: Gribble, Portland, Ore.; D. McMll-
i, Moose Jaw; M. Lightstone, Toronto;
I? xt O'Brien, Coleman; Peter F. Olsen,
J.L.r,lei Plain, Sask.; C. M. Christiansen,
(: i-rsrv' A. O. McNeill. Ersklne, Alta.;
Winnipeg;   Wm.   Harrison,
Calgary;   A 	
a.   •*ioWjaw'.   Krans" Bostrom,     Everett,
SllIn  Larson,
nur^K^Ande'SorBfiL"S6cT H.  Adle
I,vi    Local Calgary: F. Hyatt. St. Jonn
N. B.
ta Wll
Moose  -f^n'Cochrane, Glace Bay, N. S..
on.   Lethbridge;     W.    Jucson,
Winnipeg; Colin McKay, St. Johnv N. B.'
N D. Thachuk, Canmore, Alta.,
Johnson. Buffalo; P. O. Dept., Ot-
S M Heir, Kingman, Alta.; Wm.
urdiiold. Edmonton; Fred. Paya, Ula-
,,,ml City, Alta.; Ph. Faughnan, Mon-
'!. C. it Snell, Red Deer, Alta.; S.
freestone. Lethbridge.
mils—First   payment   on
.- "o" (Bal. due $76); To P
deposit  on   mailing  Clarion
M„ Vancou-
Balance In  hand.  Mar.  17 ." $*L6.R3
British Columbia
O.   T.   W... ^^^^^
Buthenberg,  J ,	
Pollard,   F	
Robinson,   ft.   11	
Nlnimo,   It	
Dart, G	
Walter, Geo	
Jones,   W.   (per)	
Victoria  Local  No.  2..
Fernle Local No.  l".
Klnnalrd.  .1.   H	
Shilland,   A	
Klngsley,   W	
Klapack,  H	
Manson, J	
Donahue,   I'"	
VJni 7T3 and 714, $13.00; sundries. $l.r,9;
r T Klngsley, on acct. 1912 debt. $30.00
(Bal! due $30.00).
Warrants ordered drawn.
The communication from the Prov.
a ,. V.f the 8 D. P. of C., Nanalmo, B. C ..
£„'„ 'consTdered, and after a brief dls-
PUB-don  the Secretary  was Instructed  lo
"charters were granted to Alberta
1 , ,-■ Is as follows: Local Eckville No.
!s    l.ncal   Bentley   No.   59,   and     Local
,'",i)yrgan!,zaOon6a°nd general party matters
J.re discussed with Com. J. H. Knlgnt.
"The question of the Alta. elec Inns and
l„.„t means of helpln* the Prov.
was taken up. and the
Inform Alta,
of   Alta.
^,,'retary was Instructed to inform Alta
ti    "hat   the  services  of Com    H.   M
:H7irerald were available, and authorise-]
, 'provhle him with  funds In  the .-v.-nt
r his services being accepted
Arrangements for Com. Gribble's tour
...   ,h..   East  left   In   the   hands  of     the
Fitzgerald were av
tn provide him with funds ...
f bis services being accepted
Arran„ '.    ** "■-"
to  the  East  left
LFlnanetel Report
Su.sk.   Exec,  stamps	
charter fees, Alberta	
Mta.   Exec,  stamps	
1 ocal Canmore,  Alta.,  buttons
".' Gribble, member at large, dues
c   M.  O'Brien,  buttons	
Litere.t-o.--e Bale*—
•    Gilbert,   Ont	
'V.   K.   Bryce.   Sask	
r-   M. O'Brien	
Freestone, 8	
Faulkner,   A.   K	
Faulkner,   Geo	
Canmore   Local   No.   52	
Nelson,   .1	
Pearson,   F	
Brskine Local No. 32	
O'Brien, ('. M 1	
Beaton,  Alex      	
Harrison,   Wm.   (per)	
Collins  Local  No.   10	
ol«en.  Peter F	
I  2.00
tune therewith. For those who agree
with the principles set forth In the
Platform, the path to unity with us has
always been wide open. For those,
who, while giving an academic approval of our Platform, are not willing
to adopt tactics and propaganda which
logically should flow from such acceptance, the door is closed.
Those members of your or any other
organization who believe that the position taken by tbe Socialist Party
of Canada as to the ground ot the
class-struggle and the line of action
which the working class have to follow in order to express their class
interests, is correct, can become members of the organization by following
the usual procedure, viz., by signing
their names to the regular application
forms (which will be supplied from
this office.)
Five such are sufficient to form a
On behalf of the Dominion Executive Committee.
. .55
.  2.00
Does any (otherwise) sane worker
suppose that what are known as the
professional classes exist for the common good? For Instance, Dr. Fried
mann, the possible discoverer of a cu>"p.
for consumption, is received with ho*-- ; fortnightly
tillty by the doctors of New York, vid-*
press notices.
Recently, before the local county
court, the Medical Association had a
woman fined for rendering help to a
neighbor in her need, without havin.>
a license, although the judge said tbat
she was apparently skilled.
These and many other instances
show that when the interests of the
medical caste are concerned, human
life is of little value—see the early
struggles of Jenner, Lester, etc.
The only way for the worker to c-
cure the full benefit of medical  discoveries is to put an end to the present system.   May it be ended soon.
Martin,   H	
Buchanan, Win	
Cochrane, D., Glace  Hay...
Fillmore,   Roscoe   	
Nicholson.   Win.,  C.   B	
St. John Local No. 6, N. B.
.. 1.25
. .25
.  5.00
Total     .-
Expenses.—As  per
. „$bi.:*i
-TL-.BIOH PTTR-Lisanra accotjht
I March   17th   to   30th.  Inclusive)
s^s^i^^K.. $144.:
mailing.    No.
Randies „
Sub. cards
Total    ...
Printing   and
713     ■;---
Printing   and   mailing,
Editing  -t	
»<iv't'«r contract forms	
Deposits   with   Postmaster:
No.  713,  $«:  No.   114.  $.
p       O.      stamps      (foreign
Total  expenses
1 7 80
Editor Clarion; On March 27th, we
held a meeting at Stretton, Kitscoty,
Mar. 28, 1913 at Stretton School House.
and decided to hold a convention of
ail Socialists In the constituency of
Alexandria, to nominate a Socialist to
contest this riding in the interests of
the farmers. 1 was appointed Secrtary
nt the Publicity Committee and was Instructed to bring this to your notice,
and request you to give it the widest
publicity through your paper.
All* comrades who can pry themselves loose from some hard cash are
requested to forward same to under-
s^s^s^s—f—         ^^ signed,  as   Sec-Treasurer  of the  Fl-
Centerville, Kings, Co., N. S.. Mar. nance committee, and it will be great-
28, '13. fully received and applied to the Cam-
Editor Clarion:    Enclosed $1.00 ex-  |,a-g-- -und-
pressing  appreciation  of having the ;    We are g0-ng to be short of speak-
tnent of continuing the Federationist \ erg wno understand the farmers' po-
Clarion again on its feet.   Your threat gltion in 80Ciety, and call for speakers
if  no  subscription  ls   received  after ] to come in and help the cause,
sending out two copies, should bring a can be sure of their   *-■*■•— -
ready response from a number of un-  while amongst the farmers.
This "bone" is a lonely j    Depending on you to support us
Bowman. S.
Gribble, W., ^^^^
Total Receipts, Mar. 30.
To E. T. Klngf'.-v, on 191
Bal. In band, Mar. 30	
.25    .25
.25    .25
No. 86 of 1913.
An Act for the payment of wages
His Majesty, by and with the advice and cosent of the Legislative Assembly of the province of Alberta, enacts as follows:
1. This Act may be cited as "The
Fortnightly Pay Act."
2. In every city, town and village
and every other place where more than
ten persons are employed wages shall
be paid in cash or certified cheque to
every employee at Intervals not exceeding fourteen days. Except where
the payment of wages has been regulated by law.
3. All wages due employees ceasing
to work or being discharged shall be
paid forthwith.
4. Every employer or employers or
his or their representatives who con-
Editor Clarion:—We   had a visit by J travene8  the  proviBionB  of  this  Act
Com.   Knight  this    week,    who  ad-1 shall be liable to a penalty of not less
dressed a crowded hall of miners and j than fifty dollars
miners wives, on Thursday, March 20,
This Act shall come'into force on
the first day of May nineteen hundred
and thirteen.
He spoke on   the   inception and development  of    capitalist    production,
and he explained the process in such 1    _. ,   „ .        .,, ,       .     ..   ,
_ .v. 1 .v. x. .J    The capitalist candidates give their
a manner, that the person who could j   , ,        ,. "    .   .
„■-----_-.,     . ...... t. ' electors a free ride on autos before
not follow him from start to finish,!   ,   „ . i%_ „        ..  ,
; election and then in turn ride on their
fodder and stall
I remain, Yours fraternally,
Sec. Publicity Committee.
paid  ones. ^	
one. Every wage-worker here says the
Clarion is a good one and the working
stiff's  photos  in  "Fed,"  shows some
"noble" looking men.    That's    going I 	
some.    You see    the    Western Reds   PPOCCEEDINGS OF   CONVENTION.
look  very  like  Eastern  respectables.! 	
Savvy!? Some of   you    westerners Kitscoty, Alta., Mar. 28, 1913
would beat it for the tall timber if i    C. W. Springfbrd, G. Lively:—That
a crowd of coming  this meeting call a convention for tho
you got a squint at
Pnl. In harid. Mar.  17
Receipts, Mar. 11-30 (Inclusive)
To ft.   T.  Klngsley
on   ncct.   1912
Bal, In hand
Report accepted
J. H
Mar   30
$ 88.08
$  2K 83
fool   workers   here   on   election   day. I
They are the damnednest—well here's
another first  of May coming.    Good
luck. E. C. D.
March 30. 1913.
convened nt BIS Main St. at 3 p.m.
Present:   Cassldv, Knrme. Rahim. Connor,   Held.  Pritchard.   .1.   It.   Knight,  and
Pritchard In tho choir.
Minutes  of  previous   meeting  adopted
as   read.
Correspondence  dealt  with  from  John
White, Brechin:  S.  Guthrie.  Ladysmlth;
Of. C. Field. Rt-xkln:  H. J, Pitman. Pen-
-*.i,.....„'u    l.nnd-
purpose of nominating a
candidate to represent us in the Provincial Parliament. Carried unanimously.
  O. Lively, C. W. Springford:    That
Toronto, March 24, 1913. ; the convention be called for April 5th,
Editor  Clarion:     Enclosed     please  at 2 p. m. sharp, at Stretton School
finfl   postal   note,   value  seventy-five \ House, and that delegates to the concent"*   for one years' subscription to ! vention  who    desire    to vote be re-
the Western Clarion. j quired  to Uke oath of allegiance  to
Am very pleased to see that it is ; the   Socialist  Cause,
being published once more as I consid-1 mously.
er it Ihe best Socialist paper in Canada, and hope that it will get the sup-
must be dense indeed
After hearing Com. Knight's analysis of the small farmer, (and he ought
to know, as he has lived and slaved
along with them,) his is not a life to
be envied, not even by a miner, and
his condition is miserable enough.
Com. Knight is a typical example of
the quality of the education one receives in the school of the S. P. of C.
and he is quite up to the standard,
not only as an educator, but also as a
fighter. He is sure to make more. He
made many friends while in Cumberland, mostly rough necks, like himself. He was given a synopsis of the
strike here, and he will have a pretty
interesting story to tell the slaves he
comes In contact with, as he travels
In spite of the fact that the miners
here have been consuming without
producing, for the last six months,
(by the aid of the U. W. of A.) $8.50
las taken at the collection and "dynamite" to the amount of ii.ou was, aold.
When the strike was declared here,
we had no library worthy of the name.
But the strike was not very old when
the boys got busy. Over sixty subs.
e taken for the 1. S. Review, and
back during the term of their office.
W. L. Phillips has been invited to
take the platform on behalf of C. M.
O'Brien and J. R. Knight In the political campaign in Alberta.
(From the Mining and Engineering
It is a matter of the greatest regret
that the mining industry of British
Columbia has become the subject of
the high finance methods which have
been such a fruitful source of scandal
in eastern Canada and the United
StateB. If capitalists resort to such
methods of watering stock promotions
they cannot complain If the mine workers adopt the same policy In regard tJ
their labor. Is It any wonder we have
labor troubles, coal investigations, and
so forth, in an effort to leaven thing9
Carried   unani-
port that It deserves.
Hoping that it will continue to hand
out the real revolutionary stuff, 1 remain,
F. W. A.
ticton: b. T. _
ine;   E.   L.   Runrk.
1.00;   to
lii-lnp     »'*-
v,  due  at
uf  May  from
„-  his desire to visit  the. coast
Matthews.  Gibson's  Land-
Merrltt:   Claude   Ot-
■ hard! Kamloops: H.nnlKlelsb. Victoria:
Thos. -l^noy. rumbeHand. JJ^gg*
cUTrVBVl"o°rln- A E H„rt. Fernle;
R I N.mmo TuP-toose: Steve Wlm«-».
Kmlerbv: Parker Wllllama. Lad>«mun.
W   J.. Rossland: Paul Anderson   Harnct
Bills.—To  H.  M.   Flt-u-erald.   8
.1      It.     Knight,     Vancouver,
"'nrrnnts  ordered drawn
Secretary   reported   <l!l^Msl(]v   ,-,,„  at
raneed   for  Com.    1.   *■»•   "•*?""'"'-'
Ucvelstoke   April    20th:   < nm
starting about  tbe  middle
em  Canada
-iKPlfled   bis   desire   to
strain,   and   bad   been   notmec   ...
.-ould speak In Vancouver on April *Txn,
-vhich date suited  him.    Further dates
rould be arranged by corrcspnndciice. It'
t"*rt received. .    .
Financial Report
l,?arf-VrTb. NO,   17,  Ad.  Mar.  and$
I,^Vancouver  No.  5V  Letts do..
Loral Vancouver No.    58,    Letts,
Ffvns,   Turner   l?
larne,   dues                   • ■•"•
•cal Victoria No. 2. stamp' 	
Total      .      tic in
Kxpen-es.—As   per   warrant*-.   II1..1"-
nepor, adopt.... BAJ^0^Hn,t
that    be
• no
amber   at
Socialist Democratic Party of Canada.
Nanimo, B. C, March 17, 1913
Dear Comrade: The Pro. Exe. of
the S. D. P. of C. at its meeting held
In Nanalmo, March 16, decided to take
a referendum vote of all B. C. locals
of S. D. P. as to whether they are In
favor of amalgamation with the S. P.
of C. I am instructed to ask you io
take a referendum vote of the membership of S. P. of C. on the same subject. Various locals of your party
have written me on the matter, and
they all agree that it Is time there
was a thorough understanding between the two parties. " *~ "
suicidal   policy   at   the best
C. Lively, W, Ash worth: That we
form ourselves Into a Publicity Committee, with Comrade V. P. Morgan as
Chairman, with power to call any four
of said committee as a quorum. Carried unanimously.
The following were appointed to
act as a Finance Committee: Comrades V. P. Morgan, G. Lively, C. W.
Sprlngford, W. Ashworth. The committee appointed Com. V. P. Morgan
as Secretary.
Yours in Revolt,
V. P. Morgan,
Sec.-Treas..  Publicity Com.
policy gradually increased until It ter.
minated ln the worst labor trouble
known on the Coast.
We do not approve the manner la
which the men went about their course
of bringing on what was practically a
strike. It was a dishonest means   of
evading the law for inquiry Into and
regulation  of labor troubles, and  it
men treat their employers in that way
they are not deserving of sympathy,
however just their cause of complaint.
Their subsequent grievance^—that the
government refused to take any steps
to settle  the trouble—was  therefore
due entirely to their own ill-advlscd
course. We do not defend the course
of non-interference by the   Dominion
Government. It was their duty to have
put the Lemieux Act Into force and
appointed  a  commission  of  enquiry,
as was done at Fernle, when the men
sought, by a similar means, to evade
the law.    The belief ls that the reason  why  the  Dominion   Government
took no action In the case Is probably that they were subject to the Influence of representatives of the Cans
dian Collieries, Ltd., against such   a
course. That this is probable Is evi
dent from what we have already said.
The Canadian Collieries,  not having
made good, would welcome a plausible
excuse to present to their shareholders and bondholders In England. What
better excuse could they have   than
that the colliers had gone on strike
and they were unable to get out coal?
Is it then improbable that tbe management welcomed, rather than regret
ted the strike, and hence made no effort to settle the trouble? They conM
have settled the matter lf they wished.    The  men desired  it,  and as a
matter of  fact have done    all they
could of late to bring about a settlement. Some of these men have lived
in  the districts affected    and    have
worked In the mines for a long time;
have their homes there;  have raised
respectable families who are a valuable asset to the Province, and they
are deserving of consideration, even
If they made a mistake in their manner of going on strike.
Now let us consider the grievances
the men had. We know that the man.
agement, by their policy of attempting to Introduce Pennsylvania methods
into the"se mines, practically forced un
doubtedly capable coal mine officials
to resign their positions. In one case
the official had held responsible posl
When the Canadian Collieries, Ltd. 	
was organized it took over the Duns-. tlons in coal mines in which Sir Wlll-
muir coal properties on a basis of $11. j Ham McKenzie and Sir Donald Mann
000,000, and immediately issued capi were interested for some 14 yeara,
tal stock to fifteen million dollars and; with credit to himself and his employ-
five million dollars in bonds; that is; ers, and the reason for sending in his
as a premium was given with each j tQ 8ay the capita, wa8 nearly doubled, i resignation at the Extension mine was
sub. in tbe way of a dollar book, over, Had th,g enormou8 increase of capital that he was accused by th<* man
six dollars worth of books were added , been made f(jr the purpose of fre8h de. ment of g-vlng t00 much attention '0
to the library.   Amongst these book" J ve!0pinent and equipment of new mine Ithe safe management of   the   mine.
«..   .1      ,j     ,      K«««      Annul,
are the works of Mark, Engels, Deitz,
gen, Labricola, Kautsky, Liebnecht, La
fargue, E. Ferri, Myers, Boudln,
Bebel, Morgan, Ward, Untermann, A.
M.  Lewis, and  others.    Most of the
That would have been  considered a
virtue,  not  a crime  in  the eyes of
to enable the company to fill the de.
mand for coal it would have been per  	
fectly  legitimate and  a boon to tha j most other mine managers, and was a
Province.  But what is  the fact?  Al-' particularly meritorious policy at Ex-
though W. L. Coulson, the company's! tension where one of the worst dlsas.
books are out all the time. Economic   f,onsulting englneer and later appoint | ters in the history ot coal mining ln
classes are held twice a week and dis-1 ed general manager, estimated that a- j the Province occurred not so very long
least $3,000,000 would be required to I since. The men, no doubt, knew the
open and equip new mines to place
the company In a position to make an
output of 6,000 tons a day, Sir William
cussions on Socialism is the order of
the day—never, of course, neglecting
to meet incoming trains, in case of
men being shipped   in to Bcab.   The
more stubborn the mine owners are, I McKeMie, ln the Supreme Court at
and the longer they continue this victorfa ,n the actlon and counter
strike, the more Knights will be pro-   c,alm Dungmuir v McKenzie & Mann
It   Is   a
  Ilf both
parties were united, more organization
work could be done In the province
and elsewhere.    I would ask that you j
"That Socialism will destroy ambition," is the cry of those who do
not care to look below the surface of
The effect that a sane economic
condition will have upon ambition
will be, that those who are ambitious
will be enable to realize any aspirations and desires that they may have.
Present day conditions very plain
ly show that opportunity is not for
the majority. Opportunity, Insofar as
release from wage—thraldom is concerned is an Impossibility for all. The
ambitions, then, of the majority of
the workers cannot be realized. This
duced, and the quicker will the ment
al revolution of the working class,
which is necessary for a social revolution, take place.
ours in revolt,
swore not a dollar had gone into the
company's treasury for such purposes
and that nearly a year after the or-,
ganization of the new company and
the closing of the deal. Now, where
did that enormous sum of $9,000,000
go if not even $3,000,000 was available
Calgary, March 27, 1913.1 for the raineSj a8 advised by the corn-
Editor Clarion:      » * *   There are j pany.8 engineer?   !t *ook8 a8 if lt went
some country divisions to be contested,
but nothing is settled as far as I know
at present. The movement here is
gaining ground all the time, and in the
near future bids fair to outrival anything of the kind on this continent.
WARD 11 SOCIALISTS meet the first
Monday ln tbe month In the Labor
Temple, Dunsmulr Street, 8 p.m.
first Thursdsy In the month ln room
10, 213 Hastings Street East, 8 P.m.
WARD IV SOCIALISTS meet the first
Friday In the month, room 10, «H.*
Hastings  Street  East,  8  p.m.
Recond Friday ln the month at Com.
McNaughton's house. 2012 Mam
Street. 8 p.m. ..
fourth Thursday in the month at
1155—6th Ave. W.. 8 p.m.
meet on the fourth Friday In each
month at 137—27th Ave. W„ 8 p.m.
second and fourth Monday in month
In room 40, 213 Hastings Street
East, 8   p.m.
..to, -..ireful consideration   being so. how is lt possible with the
elve this matter care ul <-°""' *er       t of the |ieoule |„ actual
The S. D. P. meets ln convention 11 >. J,a for  nuraunity   to  make  any
Vancouver, May 24th, 1913, Why not 1^   progre8g  aiong   une8  of  higher
and make it a joint convention.'  development and   culture?
differences  are.     Men's minds, except in rare cases,
! nre kept continually upon the struggle
try ^^^^^^
Really I believe our
mostly Imaginary.
Yours for the cause,
Box 410, Nanalmo, B. 0,
(Socialist Party of Canada.)
Vancouver, B. C, March 31, 1913
A. Jordan,
Prov. Sec. S. D. . of C,
Box 401,
Nanimo, B. C.
Dear Sir:—In answer to yours of
the 17th Inst., in which, on behalf of
Editor Clarion:    * * » *   The Com
rades of Calgary have decided to run
into somebody's pockets. Into whose'
Did it go Into the pockets of Sir William McKenzie and Sir Donald Mann?
If so, it Is easy to become millionaires
under such conditions, but it is mighty
unjust to the shareholders, subscrlb
ers of bonds, and customers who de.
pend on the company for their supnl**--
of coal.
And thereby hangs a tale.   The Can
Dick" Burge as the slaves' represents- j adlan collieries has not made   good.
With all the magic of millions behind
it. and the opportunity to secure the
best expert coal talent available, thc
mines have not made anything like!
Concert and Dance
■oclallit Bail,  oor.  Tempi-******   «*
Tendar   (take   Hsatlmrs   Bast
eat to Templeton I>riv».)
Adml-wlon    to    Members    of    tb<-
Ward Organisations
Won-iut-i-burs   Twtmty-fiv*  Oantf.
Qnod HiingB,  good  munlc, snd  »
Solid   time  Kiiiiriintccil.
for  existence, and    their    ambitions
usually   resolve  themselves   down   to
obtaining an easy living.   That is to
say, that the ambition of the average
man Is to have an easy job, wherein
I he shall not be overworked, and have
I some chance of making provision for
old age.   ln industry the opportunities
that  a  worker once  had  of  making
I good at his trade    and    becoming a
j highly  skilled man with the advent-
! ages that accrue, are fast disappearing
I 't'he  tendency  of  modern  machinery
! is to reduce the    amount of skilled
labor required.
What would have required the
services of a number of skilled men
to produce, some years ago, can, in
most   Industries,   now    be    produced
ed   labor,  unusually  child   labor  and
Uttle of that.
Ambition for the working class iB
a hope without any chance of realization.
What do the workers know of culture and development? Wha do thoy
know about music, art, literature,
science, etc? These are subjects
worthy of ambition, and slaves have
no aspirations for these things. Let
us abolish slavery.
tlve ln one of the Calgary divisions
* * * • Funds will be welcome, and
should be sent to
W. M. Scott, Chairman of Committee
box 647 Calgary,, Alta.
All Comrades living in districts
where no S. P. C. man Is to be run,
should send in their two-bits or more;
every little helpB.
Sec. Campaign Committee.
your organization, you requested tills | »»- th'7'M0~mH'M„,r,, m  m.skill-
committee to issue a call for a refer-     -   •--—   —„.,„»„  „-,nH   iQhnr  nn(i
endum vote on the question of amalgamation of the two parties, I have been
•Instructed as follows:
This committee will not. entertain
any proposition relating to or savoring
of political trnding.
The Socialist Party of Canada has
never put any obstacle In the path of
an united Socialistic movement in Canada.   It ls organized on the basis of
principles expressed  in  its Platform, I    . _^_ .. .     ,
„„. ,,,,,„. , ,        « your name on the   new   voters'
and Kb tactics and propaganda are In   *-,->*
circumstances and resented the action
of the management ln this matter, as
any Intelligent and self-respecting
body of men would.
Then there was a case of a man
named   McKinnell   concerning  whom
charges were made two years ago of
failing to report gas.  A prosecution
followed, under the Coal Mines Regulation  Act, with the result that McKinnell s certificate was taken away
although he was considered a trusted
and valuable employee. The management of the Canadian Collieries, Ltd,
were annoyed at the action    of the
Court in the matter, and it wil surprise our readers to learn that influence was brought to bear on the Minos
Department at Victoria on behalf of
the company to restore the certificate
—pressure to which  the Minister of
Mines yielded in the face of the decision of the Court—and    McKinnell
was restored to bis certificate and his
position.    The  facts  connected  with
incident were well known among the
colliers, and the action of the Depart,
ment was strongly resented.
The men out on strike charge that
men were dismissed from the service
the record they made under the man-  of the company for reporting gas. We
BRUSSELS, Mar. 23.—The congress
of the Labor party today ratified the
order for a general strike to he held
on April 14, issued by the nationr.l
committee on universal suffrage. Tbe
action was due to the refusal of the
government to give consideration to
electoral reforms before coming election.
Excerpt from Proceedings of the Tenth
Annual Convention, District 18, U.
M. W. of A., February 17-
22, 1913.
"In advancing the Interests of tho
mine workers of this District, on the
political Held, we would advise that o*ir
members endorse the platform of the
Socialist Party of Canada."
Moved by Delegate Wheatley. duly
seconded and carried.
agement dt James Dunsmulr, with th*
loose methods under which they we'e
then operated, and the labor troubles
for which they were formerly noted.
Under present conditions they are not
likely to make good, and the promises
and representations made to the shareholders and bondholders have not
been kept, even with the names of
Sir William McKenzie and Sir Donald
Mann behind them.
The Canadian Collieries, Ltd., is a
company organized under British auspices, by men who have shrieked
"patriotism" and "the flag" till their
hearers believed they really meant It.
Yet the first thing these men did to
show their "patriotism" was to fire
the Britishers holding responsible
positions with the company and Import
men from Pennsylvania to take their
places. The mines on Vancouver Island are mainly manned by an excellent class of men—English, Scotch and
Welsh miners. They are amongst tbe
most intelligent miners ln the Province. They resented this attempt at
"Yankeeism" of the mines by tho
"patriots" who were financing them,
and the dissatisfaction created by that
have no evidence for or against these
charges. The result of the conditions
we have recited ts that the Canadian
Collieries has been unable to supply
the necessities of the people dependent
on lt for coal. The fact has been a
strong contributing factor to the co-^l
famine experienced In Vancouver this
winter,  and for the  Investigation of
which the Government has promised
a commission. It Is to be hoped this
commission will be no whitewashing
scheme, but that it will get at the facts
concernina:    the     ovor-capitilizatlon
management, relations with staff and
employees, and failure of this company
to maintain its coal output during tbe
Winter  months  when  so many thousands of people are dependent on 1',.
Companies have a duty as well as employees, and It cannot be expected that
th© utilization of the natural resources
of   the     country     for   get-rich-qulck
schemes, gross over-capitalization for
the creation of millionaires;  censnr
lng of officials who do their boundon
unty to protect the lives and limbs of
their employees, wlll be tolerated bv
an   Intelligent  community  with    im.
. M-wj-'MA-nViH
.-,.,■-. '■•-nrvi.-; PAGE FOUR
(Continued from Page One.)
le not as radical and destructive to
capitalist interests aB it would appear
at first Bight. Let us sum up its case
hy saying that Single Tax is capltali*-*!
sugar-coated with cheap humanitariar-
It is true George set out to solve a
noble problem, as the title of his book,
•'Progress and Poverty" suggests, but
he got no further than the suggestion
The problem Ib that ln modern civillza
tion the Increase of wealth goes hand
In hand with an ever-increasing amount
of poverty. George contends that this
is due to the land, but Marx has shown
tbat lt ls due to the diminishing share
which the laborer receives as com.
pared with the increasing productivit;
of his labor; and moreover, the pro
ductivity of his labor is increased by
the application of machinery. Now
this is precisely the problem the small
farmers are up against, and which thev
are trying to solve practically, lor
ihey Instinctively feel that modern in
dust-rial conditions in general, and
modern capitalist farming, with its us
of labor saving machinery, in partlc
ilar, are pushing them against tin
wall ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
What shall we do for our temporal
salvation? is the question they openly
ask. There seems to be only two solutions for the problem which have an?'
recognized accuracy among them, that
of George and that of Marx. But since
George's solution appears the more
plausible on the surface, and since it
does not strike at the roots of capitalism, the capitalistic-minded leaders of
the farmers give it the preference.
And yet Tregillus, though he be ever
so zealous a disciple of George, prac
tically admitted the solution of Marx
to be correct, for in his annual address
in order to show the development tak
ing place in farming, and to indicate
to what extent the farmers were filched of the wealth they produce, he
quoted vV'lson, Secretary of Agriculture for the United States, as authority for the statement that the productivity of the farmers has increased
141 per cent in the last 16 years, while
in the last 10 years the number of
mortgaged farms has increased 18 per
rent and tenant farms 16 1-2 per cent.
What has caused this positive development of increased productivity?
The following indicates the answer.
A few days ago the writer picked up
a farmer's paper ln which was the
picture and description of a modern
seeding outfit which was owned by a
so-called capitalist farmer. It consisted of a 10-bottomed plow, a set of
discs, a harrow, a pulverizer and a
seeder. It was pulled by one engine,
and operated by one man. Moreover
it was alleged that 1500 acres had
been seeded by this outfit during th '
months of May and June of last year
In other words, the application of machinery has caused the increased productivity of the farmers. If the prv-
er data could be obtained it could he
shown that the negative- development,
the increase of mortgaged and tenant
farms, had taken place mostly anion?
the small farmers, because they cannot increase the productivity of their
labor in the same ratio as It Is Increased on large farms by the use of
power-pulled implements.
These outfits are making the 1C0-
acre farmer Bit up and take notice, for
they are pushing him hard against tha
wall of extinction. He cannot stand
in competition with them. Heretofore
they have been used only tentatively—
experimentally. The amount of grain
produced by them has been comparatively small and consequently it has
not factored largely In deciding price,
Rut the experimental stage seems to
be past. If present indications hold
out the big profits have come to stay
in the future, therefore, as the quantity of grain produced by them increases, they will become the dominant factors in deciding price. The
result wlll be tbat, eventually, the
small farmer will be crowded out,
much In the same way as the handicraftsman was after machinery wa.i
Introduced Into the textile industries.
Everybody seems to realize that thc
days of the small farmer, as a domin
ant social factor, are numbered. Never
theless, they are going to fight for the
continuation of their present econon*
ir- status, until time and circumstance
annihilate lt forever.   They hope for a
new  lease on life by forming hut,-^
echemes of co-operation and comblnn
tlon on the one hand, and Increasing
the efficiency of the Individual farmer
on the other.   But these schemes cannot be completed and finished In a day.
Moreover, the farmers lack means,
Cheap money is. a phantom farmers
have always been chasing. Perhaps
there is no demand for which so much
time, Ink, paper and hot air has been
wasted. There is hardly anyone aa
popular among the average run of
farmers as he who promises them
cheap money. If there ls such a thing
as fashion in the economic world, then
cne might truthfully say that the
scramble for cheap money has become
a fad in the farming community.
The farmer wants money and he
wants it badly. "Give me money," he
says, "and I will do anything." Which
of course Is true. But aside from tin
confusion that runs in his mind about
the real nature of money, there Ib a
very good reason why he should demand cheap money. Our rural friend
wishes to be known as a capitalist.
And, for the sake of giving him the
pleasure, we will suppose he is a capitalist. As a capitalist he borrows
money to turn into capital. A capitalist increases his wealth by realizing a
proflt on his invested capital. The
farmer hopes to Increase his little pile
in the same manner. But a given ra*e
of Interest must be paid on borrowed
money. The rate of interest in this
western land is generally 7 or 8 per
cent. All capitalists have to pay this
rate. It is a rule of the game. In a
thriving industry the rate of proflt
must be larger than the rate of interest. Unfortunately, the rate of profit
is not fixed like the rate of interest,
and it is not the same in all industries. In some it is very high, in
others very low. The 160 acre farm,
considered as a capitalist enterprise,
belongs to the latter class. The owner
may work 14 and 16 hours a day but
alas! he cannot make the rate of proflt exceed the rate of interest, except
by an almost imperceptible margin.
Consequntly he wants cheap money
—money at 4 or 5 per cent. In other
words, the small farmer cannot hold
his own in the capitalist game. Thus
he shows that he is not only a very lu-
competent capitalist; but also a van-
ising capitalist—and moreover, a capitalist seeking charity to the tune of
several cents on the dollar.
Of course, the farmer thinks he Ib
perfectly consistent in making this demand. His actions, in his own eyes,
are perfectly legitimate. And after he
has caused a big rumpus he pats himself on the back and calls himself a
good, honest, useful and fair man.
But is he?   When two men are en-
(Continued from Page One.)
bought and sold themselves, and, aj
such, had no necessity to travel th"
world In search of masters as they di
today. But although wage slavery U
now the prevailing form, a necessary
condition to the present system of pi c-
duction, yet wage labor itself existed
as a side occupation for many years in
the feudal system. Only, however,
when certain economic and historic
barH-r» w«.re safely -•moved could It
blossom forth as the standard -form.
The workers of today are to a considerable extent free; they have labor
power to sell, which, with certain regulations, they can place on any market
they wish to. But the main point is,
that sell it they must. They have no
control over the resources of the earth
to which their labor power must be
applied in order to produce weaith, so
that they are compelled to sell their
commodity to the owning class. It is,
then, in the fulfilment of this contract
that these labor saving machines are
produced, and to the masters who hav"
bought and paid for the different factors, the raw material, the machinery
and the labor power, that all the arti
cles produced must, of course, belong.
But although it Is we wage workerR ot
today who produce with our own hands
all these wonderful machines that replace ourselves, that throw us back on
the market to compete with that portion of our class who are fortunate
enough to be employed; we can plainly see that we must endeavor, even ni*
ter being clever enough to manufacture
something to take our places, to obtain
work of some kind In order to secur<-
the necessaries of life—the overalls,
the corned beef and the chewing tobacco, that enable ub to move around in a
semi-conscious condition.
Here, then, we find that owing to
this keen competition for jobs the standard of living is being gradually lowered to a level in accord with capitalist Interests, and still sufficiently high
to keep the labor market in a stocked
and glutted condition.
The copper trust, when they find an
overstocked market can, for a time,
curtail production till the market assumes a more evenly balanced position. But with us, the case is different
we must eat, we must sleep, and w?
must wear clothes, and to make su*"e
of even a meagre supply of these es
sentials we must also work; for al-
gaged in a contest, which is governed | though out of the great army of the un
by  rules  that apply equally to both | employed some naturally develop Into
contestants, and then the one who is
pretty badly battered up, holds up his
hands and  appears to  withdraw, we
put it down that he is defeated.    As
r defeated man he has our sympathy.
But when, instead of admitting his defeat like a man, he demands privileges
and concessions under the rules of the
same, he becomes almost contemptible.
Even so it is with the small farmer.
There ls no one who blames him for
struggling with all his might for existence.   We all have to do that.   And if
he would disclaim every pretense of u
capitalist and step Into the ranks of
the proletariat,  where he belongs,  he
would have the assistance and goodwill of the latter.   But he doesn't do
that.   Instead he asks for concessions,
privileges and mercy under the rule?
of the capitalist game.   He sends deputations to Parliament, the umpire nf
the capitalist game, to plead with it ti
make intercession for him.   And thi.-;
is about the  manner in  which such
deputations address this august body:
"We are the representatives of the
small farmer, and we come to plead
his case before you.   For he Is a poor
man, and needs public assistance. The
lot of his life ls excruciating.   Though
he work hard, and his wife and children work as hard as he. It Is Impossible for him to make both ends meet
He lives, as it were, in the midst of a
den of thieves.    His big brother capitalists steal the profit he makes on
his capital before he gets any of It
himself.     Bankruptcy   Is   continually
staring him in the face.   He Is pinned
to poverty closer than Prometheus was
pinned to the rock.   Unless, therefore,
you help him, unless you give him sti"-
cor, unless you furnish him with cheap
capital, he must surely perish.
"In the name of Humanity and Right
—In the name of Justice and Fair Play
we beseech you to stay the predatory
hand of the 'big Interests."
And becoming oratorical, an accomplishment to which most public petitioners   aspire,   they   properly   close
their address in the words of Luther- -
"Here we stand.  We cannot do otherwise.   God help usl    Amen."
In short, whenever the writer thinks
of the small farmer, he Is always reminded of the phrase "like the lamb
led to the slaughter."
for capitalism has had no mercy on |    For he certainly is a blind and be-
their   pocket   books.     Consequently,' nigh ted  man, and needs guidance In
burglars, tramps, hoboes, pick-pockeK
and soldiers, yet the great majority
are compelled to squeeze their way in
around the wheels of production and
squeeze in they do.
From time to time great philanthropists and reformers, whose hearts are
bleeding in sympathy with the working class, come forward with different
plans and scehemes to ameliorate our
condition. But these palliatives, In the
great majority of cases, are not only
useless but harmful, for none of their
noble attempts <*an change our position. Grant them the permission i>
put into operation every reform in the
catalogue, and we would still be what
we now are—slaves. There is only one
remedy that can be effectively applied,
and that one is education. Whea
enough of the workers begin to open
their eyes and look around them; to
see that they are exploited of every
last thing they produce, and to understand that such a state of affairs it
no longer necessary; that we who produce should also own, then, when •tikis accomplished, the days of poverty
and starvation, of job hunting and human slavery will be past and forgotten.
j. a. Mcdonald.
Scene—A fat boy clad in velvet
seated on the steps of a mansion. On
each side of him stacks of pies, cand;-,
etc. With his face raised to the heavens, pie In one band and cake in the
other, he Is weeping audibly. Enter
a benevolent old gent, with the query,
"Why do you distress yourself, my
dear child?"
"Dear Child," pointing to starved
shrimp from the bIuIib eyeing him enviously—"Oh—that little boy says he':-,
Some opponents of Socialism urge that when this stage is leached the
weaklings of the co-operating species will have an equal chance of surviving
with the strong and healthy, and that, in consequence, progress will be no
longer made. Those gentlemen forget that, side by side with physical
progress, mental and moral progress are taking place, and that when the
stage in question is arrived at the physically unfit will be found strong enough
mentally and morally to refuse to transmit their infirmities to posterity by
means of procreation. If, as will undoubtedly happen, some are mentally
and morally weak as well, then Society may be trusted to control them as
it now controls most of its imbeciles. It should not be more difficult for a
malformed human being to refrain from transmitting his misfortunes to posterity than it is for a hungry tiger to refrain from robbing his younger brother.
The foregoing is a simple statement of natural conditions and! their results. We will now endeavor to discover which social arrangement conforms
most closely to those conditions, and would, therefore, be most likely to b-.-
productive of similar beneficient results. The existing arrangement is so well
known that it needs little describing. It means individual ownership of land
and capital, the materials and implements of production with its accompaniments of competition, production for profit, and the man-made law of inheritance of properly. Socialism, on the other hand, means collective ownership
of the materials and implements of production, with co-operation in production
and distribution, and provision of employment for all as concomitants. Socialism thus means throwing open to human labour the raw materials of nature,
and allowing every man's reward to depend on his exertions. Which of these
two conforms most closely to natural conditions? Let us run over the ground
hastily. We will take first the struggle for existence. In a state of natur*,
all animals, at starting, enjoy equality of opportunity. It is obvious that under Socialism all men would be similarly situated. No portion of the earth's
surface would be the exclusive" possession of any man, just as no jungle or
forest is the exclusive possession of any tiger or lion. No man would have
power to compel other men to work for him, just as no lion can compel other
lions to work for him, just as no lion can compel other lions to hunt for him. No
man would be born into the world to find all his work done for him
before he arrived, and the results awaiting him in the shape of his father's
accumulations, just as no lion ever inherits anything from his parents except
a sound constitution. In short, so far as the struggle for existence is concerned,
the conditions under Socialism wold be exactly similar to those prevailing
in a state of nature. Of course co-operation is not to be found among lions
or tigers, but, as has been already pointed out, it is in full swing among such
animals as ants, beavers, and bees. It follows from all this that under Socialism natural selection would operate as freely among men as among wild animals,
resulting, in the survival of the fittest, and the improvement of the species.
Let us now see how it works under the existing Capitalistic arrangement.
(To be continued.)	
they begin to make overtures to their
enemies, "th big interests" in respe-.t
to the ways and means of which they
must be masters to beat the "big in
terests" at their own game. This really amounts to a sort of armistice during which they, in Turkish fashion,
hope to gather strength and supplied
for the re-openlng of hostilities. The
concessions for wbich they ask are
labelled "immediate demands." Foremost among their number (for they
have quite a number) is that for cheap
the straight and narrow path of economic truth as much as he does temporal salvation.
It will require more than a "commission" to settle the labor problem.
Comrades rally!   Comrades ra|ly!
Bold oppressors fear your power
And the battle will be bitter;
Quarter speaks not In their dower.
Cravens only fear the Issue,
They alone will pause and cower
While their brothers join the onset
Glady ln this crucial hour.
"What Is all this racket about?"
called the anxious father to his two
sons who were quarreling In the back
yard. "We have been playing 'capitalism,' papa," answered the o'dest,
"and Bobby was the workingman while
I was the capitalist. He picked the
(berries, and I gave him one ln every
f.i r for picking them and when I was
full of cherries Bob said he wus still
hungry, bo I let him build this pluy-
bouse for me and paid him out of tbe
cherries 1 could not eat. Now I have
all the cherries I want, so I hired Hob
to build him a playhouse and charge
hlin ten cherries rent for It every hour.
Now as 1 am full of cherries and won
let Bob work at picking any more he
says he cant "lay me rent for the piny-
house. I have been trying to evict him
and he won't go. He's a Socialist or a
unionist or something!"—1-abor Wort!
(per "Cement" Reld).
With the inception of property there
came into existence the two classes
known as the master class and the
slave class. The distinction between
these two classes has always been the
same, a class that owned pn-perty and
a class that was ;-ropertyless. Between these two classes, a struggle for
supremacy must always exist. The
masters to maintain their power, the
slaves on the other hand to capture lt.
Previous to the inception of classes
man lived in a communistic way, and
as he was greatly handicapped in his
struggle for existence, there was no
opportunity for slavery.
The slave class came into existence
when there was a profit in making one
man work for another.
Economic power Is the power to
produce food, clothing and shelter, bo
we find that before the Inception of
slavery, man's whole struggle was
with nature for these economic necessities.
But as soon as man gained sufficient
power to produce more than his keep,
the opportunity for slavery came into
existence. Of course, there had ,to be
u portion of society, with sufficient
power, to force the slave to produce
wealth for them, and that power was
political. That portion of society that
had the largest club and could wield
It best had the political power. It is
the same today, only the primitive
club has evolved and finds Ita expression, in the governmental forces, the
army, navy and police. AH ruling
classes gained their economic advantages over the slave because they held
political power, and all class struggles
are political struggles.
We see the productive abilities of
the slave becoming greater, and his
condition relatively becoming worse,
until it becomes unbearable. Then
he is forced to action against, tbe mi
nis services. He was still at the mercy
of the ruling class, as they still owned
the means of life.
Different classes distinguished by
their different material conditions succeed each other to political power.
The interests of the ruling class are
always for a time in harmony with
the interests of society.
It is that harmony which justifies
the ruling class in regarding themselves as the spring of all social welfare.
However the onward march of history changes everything, also the jus
tideation for ruling power.
When the economic Interests of the
ruling class cease to be in harmony
with the general welfare the time for
the overthrow of that cIbbb is near at
We flnd this system of profit mon-
gering, known as capitalism, is nearing
its end. Capitalism has organized society in such a manner that the necessity for the ruling class Is going
out of existence.
The working class today produce
wealth In an organic fashion, everyone
playing a part In the production of
the whole, no one any more necessary,
than the other. The doctor, who cures
diseases, is no more useful than the
laborer that digs the sewers and prevents them. The "plck-and-shovel
stiff" ls just as useful as the architect.
As this development goes on, the ruling class become less useful, and today
If the shareholders In the C. P. R. were
to drop dead, there would not be an
engineer short, in fact, the C. P. R.
would run on as usual and half of the
employees wouldn't know anything
about It. As a rule the slave doesn't
know who he is working for half the
time, ns the capitalist class own the
mnchinery of production as a class,
and like the slave who, as an Individual, docs not produce anything, but
plays a part In the production of all
the wealth, the Individual capitalist
i does not own any specific part, but, as
Ing class.   But conditions in the past
were not ripe for his emancipation, so j a class, they own It all
he was only throwing one ruling class j The capitalist class are getting out
down and putting another In its place. | 0f harmony with the general welfare
The slaves have fought the battles of | 0f society, and It is the function of the
every new ruling class; they have been j proletariat to overthrow them by get-
the greatest factor In overthrowing the tiriK control of the State and changing
old systems of slavery. j n from a weapon of coercion to an
Chattel slavery of the Roman Em-'' Administration of affairs In the best ln-
plre   gave   way   t0   Feudalism.   The  terests of society,
slave then became a serf.   The feudal ,    The  workers  must  remember  that
barons did not own htm directly, as
the slave owners did; they owned that
which he required to live, He was
still a slave, only the conditions were
altered. He was allowed a little plot
of land to live oh, on condition that
he would spend so many days of the
week on his master's land, and the
lords of the land Baw that he didn't
have any more than enough to live
on. As chattel slavery gave way to
feudalism through the downfall of the
ruling class, so the feudal aristocracy
the capitalists do not rule them with
economic power. They rule the workers because of their political power.
Economic power ls the power to produce wealth. The slave has been doing that ail along, but he has had no
say in what should be done with the
wealth he produced, because there was
another force to be reckoned with and
that waB the club or gun his masters
held over him to keep him In subjection.
As long as the workers allow their
A general strike is threatened In
Hungary unless the workers are given
a wider scope ln the exercise of the
had to go under to the rising Hour-' masters to hold political power, so long
geosle,    These revolutionary changes ! will they remain slaves,
did not come about In a night.   Right |    The wage slaves must take action
within   the  feudal  system  was   born j as a class, regardless of color or na-
and reared the capitalist system
Economic development forced feudalism to give way to a system of "free
labor," where the slave was at liberty
to work for any master who needed I
tionallty, against the ruling class, with
the object of overthrowing the system.
So I ndvlse every working man to get
wise to his position In society, and
when the workers understand this sys
tem they will know how to deal with
It. They will flnd that the majority
of votes cast at election time ate work
ing class votes, and the men they -J
go there, not to represent the interest
of a slave class, but to look after th
property Interests of the masters
When the workers come on strike
those men who hold the relnB 0f
power by the sanction of the workern
will turn the soldiers on them to shoot
them down.
Working men, wake up and reali29
that this condition of poverty, and rnlg.
ery exists because you sanction it
You have the vote, why not use it in
your own interest and vote for th«
party that stands for the overthrow
of the system? When sufficient of the
workers go to the polls and vote consciously for the overthrow of this By--.
tem the deathknell of capitalism will
be sounded. The vote is the civilized
method of warfare. It is the line 0f
least resistance, and if the workera
don't make use of it but try to follow
along the lines of this so-called direct
action, the tendency is towards a lot
of unnecessary bloodshed.
The tendency of development |g to
eliminate classes. It is the historical
mission of the proletariat to accomplish the overthrow of the last ruling
class, and if they understand thla development they will know how to
adapt themselves to the changea in
the economic conditions; but if they
don't understand, they will be led up
a blind alley and after they hava
wuded through rivers of blood by butting against the power of tbe State,
they will realize where the power
lies, go right after the control of ths
State and get on the right side of the
It Is to be hoped that the workers
will not be led by the nose through
the agency of hero-worshiping, or pay
too much attention to these modern
martyrs. ■ but get down and flnd out
for themselves so that they will not
follow "leaders." The proletarian
should not look up to any one as if he
were a biped god, but look upon Individuals in Parliament as their administrators, the like of whom there
are hundreds more in their ranks.
Robert Blatchford's
A Critical Analysis of Christianity
Ma 11 ..I I  for 16c.
Famous  bonk  on  "Determinism'
Mulled  for 26c.
imuua HOLAiro
Social!it ■•j-dbook
Mailed   for  16r
coiocoir oBjrcnows to
Mailed  for  16r.
All   four   nuilleil   for   tOC,
Get  AciMlulnteil  With the Social lit
NsWS   Dealer
310 Klrxt Ave.
Saskatoon      ....     Ss.sk.
Room to Rent
With or without board for two
friends. Socialists preferred. 736
Pender Street E. Phone Highland 1078.     •
Dominion Fxecu-
^^^^^^^^     tive Comrailtce
To Locale, 35c each, or $3.1Til) dot.
To Executive Committees, $3 doz
A Good Place to Eat at
Mulcahy's Cafeteria
137 Cordova Street West
Best of Everything Proptrly
301 Dominion Building
Vancouver, B. O.
Reading Them
Origin of 8peclss, Darwin 25c
Life of Jesus, Renan     "c
Lectures and Essays, Voltaire 25c
Ethlcs of Great Religions, Gorham 25c
Riddle of the Universe, Haeckel 25c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll         25c
The People's Bookstore
159 Cordova St. W., YaneouVK, B. C.
TlMDI M****
Cos-vmoMTs 4c.
-      -tlnii nnJ
Scientific flimricati
A -Mnd-onMlr Ulns-TH-xt -***-*Iilr-    l*»'«TJ} foi
SUXIon ol any K-toialSn Juuni»l.    """Jf, [,,
siuuU, ttn m ytat, votrnt* Btnald,   SB™
all i-owsdetlrn.
MSM-TaBB-ft* Owned and controlled by  the
Socialist  Party
of Canada
Published in the
interest of th*
Working   Class
Subscription Price
Do You Like Being Skinned? Then Vote Liberal
Tory-It Does'nt Matter Which.
No doubt   the  electors  of  Alberta | grasp.    What yet remains must
will be enthused at the knowledge that; saved1 for "the people."
Loth orthodox parties are pledged to
ttie Provincial control of natural re-
The small fry among capitalists who
■•rub here in the West, realize that
their pickings will be small, while
they compete with their superiors ln
finance and cunning who dominate affairs at the "Halls of Justice" at Ottawa, lt la the ambition ot every capitalist to Und a place or be personally
represented at Ottawa, for there the
spoils are shared, and the juicy morsels disposed of. To be "on the Job,*'
"In ihe know," and "in the swim'
means opportunity, but, alas, though
many yearn, few are chosen.
ln order to gain some advantage in
the disposal of the loot, tbe Western
capitalists are enthusing the workers
with the cry of "Provincial ownership," for, if the disposal of the goods
takes place here at home the home
capitalists will get the major portion
of the crumbs, and, maybe, when the
Morgans and the Manna overlook a
deal, tbere may even be a fat plum to
scramble for.
Why ahould our masters be compelled to scramble for Alberta's natural
resources In competition with equally
small fry of Eastern Canada? "Support home Industry!" Ot course, they
cannot hope to compete with the great
financiers, and to them will always go
the best. It would be sacrilege to
think otherwise, and besides, some
other Morgan might get mad and
spank our friends as they were spanked over the "Great Waterways" deal.
But there la no earthly reason
if we workers must be skinned, why
we should not be skinned by skinners
from our own province. Who wants
to be skinned by "alien" skinneis,
when we bave our own professional
skinners on the job, men who, now
the election campaign ls on, work
their lungs to a standstill telling us.
how they love us, admire us, and sorrow for our welfare? Surely these
men are our friends, and to them and
no other should go the right to take
our hides!
They will forget to tell us (though
more and more ot our fellows are realizing lt for themselves) tbat a mere
nominal transfer of the control of natural resources will not affect us. Are
the workers in Ontario, or ln the other
provinces, where provincial control of
natural resources is already a fact,
any better ol than we are In Alberta? As long as natural resources
are privately owned, the workers will
he slaves. "The man who owns the
means whereby 1 live, owns my life"
—and It doesn't matter a damn
whether he Uvea In Calgary, Ottawa,
or New York.
Socialism stands tor the collective
ownership and utilization of natural
resources. The application of common effort, to common resources, for
the common good, and until we arrive
But when C. M. O'Brien attempted
to strengthen the mining regulations
of the province, and pointed out; that
unlimited opportunities still existed in
the direction of conserving human life
and limb in the mining industry, his
propaganda fell flat. What does it
matter if a few miners are killed,
there are plenty more In Southern Europe, If not in Alberta. Miners can
be replaced, but the coal areas are
limited, and how to conserve these in
tne interest of their own class of capitalists is the problem that agitates
the conservationists. No doubt many
an honest miner who is only spared
from death by the grace of God will
wax enthusiastic in favor of the conservation of the coal supply.
Outside the Socialist movement
there is no real policy of conservation.
In the main it does not matter to us
how natural resources are exploited
by capitalists, for under capitalism the
worker will always be robbed, not only
of his heritage, the resources of the
earth, but also of the labor he embodies in them. If the workers do not
own and control the sources of wealth
It does not matter who does. The
worker must toil and suffer, give up
all that makes life worth living, In order that the owners of the means it
existence may enjoy ease and luxury.
With socialism will come the rational utilization of natural resources ro
human needs; the end of parisitlsm.
which saps the life of the dispossessed
human beings, while they toil for their
masters, upon the stolen resources of
the earth; the end of conditions that
place the needs of the mule and the
ass, above and before that of the man.
With socialism will come the conservation of human energy, health and
life. Today men toll till they drop in
order that others may have ease, while
but few hours of rational effort would
supply the needs, not of mere wage
slaves, but of men.
Today childhood's Joys and childhood's rights are consumed in the gaiety and luxury of the rich. The life's
blood of childhood ls re-embodied In
the feast of capitalism. The deterioration of machinery ls provided for In
the market price of commodities, but
no provision Is made for the deterioration of human life and health and virtue shattered by the pace, and
strength and effort demanded from lt
by capitalism ln return for more bread.
Socialism will destroy the conditions
which rob woman of her potentialities
as wife and mother, wlll end conditions
that rob men of their manhood.
Art. science and literature are to us
but abstract terms, for a fuller knowledge of which we sometimes yearn, a
yearning which Is crushed by the physical needs of the body. Capitalism
has conserved for a useless class the
best that life has to offer. Its spasmodic wars are not Us worst sins, for
there Its victims die with comparative
dispatch, but the victims of Its peace
die a living death, live a dying life. Its
Every machine invented is a labor-
saving device, contrived for the purpose of putting some one out of their
Job, thereby effecting a saving in the
cost of making things.
Contemplate this for a while, and
you will plainly see that labor produces everything, even the very machinery that displaces it.
That the working class should make
machines, the purpose of which is to
out-do labor in the production of
goods, seems far from being good
sense. Knowing that the working
class must have work to live, where is
the use of making machinery that ls
going to put the workers out of employment?
It is very unpleasant to be out ol
work and in possession of a wife and
What are we going to do about it
anyway? It can not go on Indefinitely,
this growing army of unemployed.
Something will have to go pretty soon.
The something that will have to go
is the class-ownership of these machines that the working class produce.
The toilers produce these things and
must own them. Only then, will those
who perform useful labor reap the
benefits resulting from their efforts.
Instead of being forced into idleness
by labor-saving devices these mv
chines will lighten labor, and the working class will begin to feel that previously unknown quality, spoken of as
FREEDOM, which is another way of
saying SOCIALISM. W. H. S.
When are the workers of the world
going to stop dividing up?
Yes, they are dividing up now; lf
they were doing no dividing they
would be in possession of everything
Worth having.
The workers produce everything,
the entire wealth of the world, and
Immediately divide lt, so that their
masters get about four-fifths of the
divide. Strange, is it not, that the
master-class produce nothing whatever, yet the workers are willing to
let them have the major portion of
everything produced?
The workers are told, that it is Divine Dispensation, or the will of God.
But if you stop and consider awhile,
you will soon think that it is just sheer
foolishness on the part of the workers. Probably the masters have the
workers in mind when they talk of
Anyway, it is about time the workers started a new dispensation on the
dividing up business. The workers
can do it, and will, just as soon as they
get wise unto themselves and the power they hold. Scientific Socialism is
the only means tbat will make plain
to the exploited workers, just how
the dividing up game is being played
upon him today. If you are a worker,
Socialism is of vital interest to you.
It concerns the very existence of you
and yours.
It is up to you to get posted on
W. H. S.
CALGARY, RICHARD BURGE, Structural Iron Worker.
ALEXANDRIA, W. H. Anderson, Farmer.
RED DEER—C. H. Snell, Box 528.
LETHBRIDGE—Sam Larson, 1411 3rd Ave. N.
ROCKY  MOUNTAINS, L. E. Drake. Hillcrest, Alta.
CALGARY—W. M. Scott, Box 647.
ALEXANDRIA—V. P. Morgan, Kitscoty, Alta.
LITTLE BOW—J. A. 3. Smith, 622 First St., Edmonton, Alta.
Renegades of Che Past Have Their Prototypes of
^^^^^^^^^^^ THE DIGNITY OF LABOR ^^^^^^^^^^^
"The Dignity of Labor!" Therewith .bued with the spirit of protest, against
to stop, and snfug complacently, stroke j conditions as they are, and the system
the chin and say unto oneself. "To
labor is the highest privilege of man,
the greatest honor to which he can aspire," may perhaps seem very heroic,
very satisfying, but, as a matter of
fact, It is none ot these. It is a phrase
mouthed by spellbinders, played with
by oratorical hypocrites, and bandlod
by conscious or unconscious Ignoramuses. The question of the dignity of
labor must be approached from the
standpoint of the laborer himself—the*
laborer who understands the meaniiu
and import of the phrase, "the dignltv
of labor."
Not until the worker becomes im
as it is, which makes such conditions
not only possible hut imperative; not
until he is fired with the ambition to
alter such system and stamp out such
conditions; not until he becomes pas
slonate In the cause of the Industrial
and social revolution which is now
raging and which will ultimately dethrone the dignity of labor and en
throne the dignity of the laborer; not
until he has enlisted in the ranks of
the warriors of that revolution; not
until he has become a class worker,
shall he bave become dignified—and
not until tben shall the words "dignity of labor," ring true to the ears of
 ,— m     - , t I victims haunt the shadowy streets, the
at that stage of economic development, i()]hv ^^  m thpv ^ become as
It matters not who among our masters j ^*y ng ,he 8,um8 as shadowy as the
Ih successful in the scramble.
Let them fight lt out themselves.
Coupled with the cry for Provincial
control Is the policy of "conservation.
Our small capitalist friends, realizing
that they are getting the wrong end 01
the deal In the competition with trusts
and combines, are seeking ihe aid o
Urn electorate. Why should the small
capitalist be made to keep off the
Brass, while the big capitalist grabs
the spoils? If he succeeds in locking
up the resources of the province in the
people's" name, he will be able to
unlock them to his own advantage as
time and circumstances permit.
They prove to us with facts and figures that the C. P. R., Sifton. and a
mere handful of men are becoming tho
real owners of Alberta. The mines
timber limits, fisheries, and all tne
iiourees of wealth belong to these few,
and though they do not tell us or
their personal troubles, our friends
the conservationists must sigh ann
weep when they contemplate the loot
that has slipped forever from  tneir
Constant complaints art being
received from Coaet Locals at
bundles being delivered too late
for sale at the Sunday propaganda meetings, the audience refus-
Ing to buy them on the following
Sunday because they are dated
a.week old. To obviate this loss
and also a oonstsntly recurring
scrap with the P. O., this snd
lhe following leeuee wlll be dsted
s week ahead.
streets; faster than lt replenishes, It
saps the founts of energy and health,
and casts Its broken victims into a
hell far worse than any hell to come.
Worse than any hell is the knowledge of life as it might be, with all Its
joys and possibilities, when seen from
the midst of life ns it Is.
Let the thieves quarrel, it is the
workers' opportunity!
Socialism may be but a dream, but
'tis better to dream than despair, better to catch but a distant glimpse of
life, than to die without living.
You may hasten or retard the
triumph of the movement for the
emancipation of the working clas-», hut
you can no more stop lt than you can
to-morrow morn forbid tho rising of
the sun.
Socialism will represent   the   conscious and successful attempt of the
masses to uplift themselves, and over-1
throw their makers.
No man ought to be expected to
shout himself hoarse hurrah'ng over a
10 per cent. Increase in wages when
prices on the necessitl-** of lifo have
gone up from 20 to 60 per cent.
There are many national flai's, but
only one International flui? of red,
which Is the emblem of human
brotherhood and peace.
Tho wealth-makers, who aro many,
have to struggle temptesttioiiHly to so-
curo the wherewith to buy hack sufficient of their iwu products to keep
Victoria, B. C, April 7th, 1913.
Editor Clarion:—The latest issue of
the Clarion to hand, in my opinion, Is
the best since the resurrection. The
motive that has prompted these lines
can be found in those telegrams of
Com. Bennett's re C. Stubbs et al.
It was in the year 1906 that I flrst
became a dweller In Fernle subsequently working In the mines and becoming a member of the miners organizations. In March 1908 I also became
a member of the S, P. of C. it being
the first political organization that 1
had ever had any affiliation with,
either ln Canada or elsewhere, With
the exception of short Intervals I have
lived and had my being In the Crow's
Nest pass since my arrived In B. C.
almost till now. But when I have been
away from the district, as at present,
a constant correspondence, combined
with the aid of the "Ledger," has always kept me well Informed as to
the life, soclak political or. otherwise of my former comrades and fellow workers.
The essence ot the foregoing remarks are inorely to show that the
writer Is fully acquainted with the
people and conditions that prevail
In District 18, U. M. W. During the
time I have lived there lt has been
my wont to take the measure of three
champions of labor,- as defined ln
union meetings or In the quiet of their
own back yard. In due course, many
of those declaimers of "Justice" and
what Is right" and "wrong,*' etc., have
wormed themselves Into a comparative comfortable position as champions of organized labor, to become as
quiet as an Icebound stream whenever
thoy found their desired object or goal.
Aa 1 look back over the years I can
only remember one exception who held
offlco ln District 18, and found time
to disseminate propaganda along class
lines, and that was the late Frank
Previous to C. Stubbs being elevated
to an official position in District 18 1
believe he was a member of the S. P.
of C, and as such received the friendship of all members of that organization, including its organizers. At a
meeting of local 17, S. P. of C. some
three or four years ago, the writer remembers how this apostate spoke on
the sound education as per Western
Clarion and the organization lt represented. Compare that with his latest
action in Lethbridge and observe the
Judas of the Crow's Nest Pass. Having killed the usefulness of the miners
organization by a three years and a
half contract with the operators, in
addition to the utter lack of business methods during the strike they
must now fool the workers further
still (on the political field), by the
Introduction of a labor ticket, when experience in Great Britain and Australia proves the Labor Party to be
the tail end of the Liberal dog.
It is universally admitted by all that
the great factor or element the workers lack ln order to achieve their
emancipation from the galling chains
of wage servitude Is education along
class lines.
Compare the record of comrades
such as O'Brien ln their efforts to
show the class structure of society and
Its meaning, with such as Stubbs,
Jones, et al. What ls the record of
these officials towards educating the
men that pay them? . The columns of
the official paper, the "Ledger" are
stifled, while a Btrict censorship Is ln
vogue lest the workers get wise that
there are other methods more effective than craft unionism to flght the
master class with.
Fellow workers of Lethbridge, turn
down thenc pseudo champions ot labor as represented by Jones et al. and
vote for one who has shown you his
principle, not only at election time, but
(Continued on Page Four.)
Along the course of history we have
made the acquaintance of many traitors
and double-dealers, who, to satisfy
their own desires and ambitions, have
sold, or endeavored to sell, their associates in the cause with which their
names are identified to another element, whose Interests they knew to
be opposed to the flrst, and whose advancement they naturally expected
would be stimulated by the sale in
question. In this connection there
are several names that, because of the
more heinous and atrocious crimes
with which they are entwined, stand
out more prominently than any others.
Notable examples being Judas Iscariot,
Titus Oates, Comte de Mirabeau and
Aaron Burr. But with humble apologies to this quartette for making their
names appear even more odious, and
their characters more depraved than
they are generally regarded to be, I
take full responsibility for the statement that they, too, are not without
worthy successors in the revolutionary movement of today.
It is an undisputed fact that in all
constituences where the Socialist
Party of Canada have placed candidates in the field, and where the number
of class-conscious workers, owing to
various reasons, ls known to be small,
that no intrusion from that hermaphrodite aggregation known as the "Labor" Party has ever taken place. But
just as soon as it begins to appear
that a seat might be captured and a
battle won, we flnd these would-be
leaders falling over each other ln a
frantic effort to acquire for themselves a share of the spoils. (In the last
issue of the Clarion I notice, in an
editorial, the following statement:
"That owing to the sound revolutionary propaganda of the Socialist Party
in British Columbia, the attempt to
palm off such delectable mixtures as
"Liberal-Labor" or "Conservative-Labor'' has proved a miserable failure.'
But although quite in accord with the
writer as to the nature of the propaganda disseminated in B. C, I fully
believe the same to be true of Alberta,
and cannot agree that this ls the reason for the absence of a Labor Party.
In my opinion the main reason lies
in the fact that those who would like
to take it upon themselves to steer
the revolutionary craft Into other
waters were merely the victims of circumstances, circumstances which, had
I the time and space at my disposal,
might easily be divulged.
ln Alberta, however, where a provincial election campaign is now ln full
8wing; where the Liberal party is
doubtful of continuing their supremacy
and where several seats appear to be
almost certain of falling into the Socialist column, overtures of course,
have been made to the "Labor" gladiators to don their warpaint and take
up the fight on behalf of their masters.
The name of Sifton may never go
down to posterity as a leader of prowess or a statesman of renown but, coming from a family of politicians, lt is
not to be wondered that he too should
inherit a full share of the family virtue. With Sifton, Michener, and those
of their ilk, however, we are not so
greatly concerned. They are, we know,
the chosen leaders and representatives
of the different factions of the master class, and In them, on account of
this clearly recognized position, we
find opponents worthy of our steel.
But quite different Indeed, ls the case
with slippery opportunists like Stubbs,
English and Jones, the first two of
whom were looked upon by their fellow workers as being revolutionists,
whose views In regard to classes were
clear, and whose principles were above
reproach, but who must now appear to
even the dullest Intellect, to those ln
fact, who do not even pretend to be
acquainted with class struggles, surplus value, and historical materialism,
as being spineless and compromising
traitors who have clearly shown by
their actions that their Interests have
little or nothing ln common with
those of a working class.
In Calgary, the largest city ln the
province, where, owing to the recent
distribution the city Is divided into
three constituencies, and where one
of these—North Calgary— ls made up
to a large extent of working class families, this coalition of Liberal and Labor forces Is making a determined effort to gain control, and vehemently
protests against the Socialist Party
putting up a candidate and endangering their chance of success. In the
March 29th issue of the "Alberta Federationist," the editor of which L. T.
English, was at one time a prominent member of the Socialist
Party   of   Canada,   but   la now, ow
ing to obvious reasons, bowing the
knee to his master Hon. A. L.
Sifton, appears a leading editorial
entitled "Opportunity." As the article ln question is a long one,
much too long in fact to be reproduced in these columns, I mast
content myself with reviewing
several quotations which clearly
demonstrate the article's trend and
the editor's motive.
In referring to the northern division of Calgary, where the Labor forces are making their greatest effort,
the editorial goes on to say: "The one
strongest  tie' of  association among
them is their trade and labor onion,
and now that they are confronted with
the opportunity and necessity of choosing a representative to send to the
provincial legislature, lt   ls   through
tbe legislative affiliation of such trade
and labor bodies that they are beat
able to take the necessary steps to
secure united action to give political
expression to their Interests as workers and as citizens."   To "their" interests forsooth!   when, in    another
column, we are told that should they,
the unionists, nominate a candidate
and  commence  an active  campaign
that their friends the Liberals may refrain from putting a man ln the field!
Wonderful indeed, is   it   not,   what
"their" interests must be?   Just try
to Imagine a case where the interests
of slaves and masters are so identical
that the one representative can voice
the interests of both!   We trust the
union workers of North Calgary are
awake to their social position and to
the motives of those who try to lead
them much better than to allow any
such action on the part of officials to
pass unnoticed, and without receiving
the recognition their action deserves.
In the next breath we are told:
"That it cannot be expected that thla
district will return a man whose programme  contains nothing more and
(Continued on Page Four.)
The trick of political trading la being applied at Lethbridge. Liberals
have condescended to endorse a
labor party man, Mr. J. Jones. See
how the wolves are becoming chums
with the sheep!
History is replete with such overwhelming records of political events
ln the past, ln which capitalism sleekly joined the working class and then
ruthlessly betrayed tbem. that It waa
hoped the Blaves had by thla time
enough sense knocked into their cran-
turns regarding the relative interests
of these parties ln society and state.
Can not so glaringly a plain distinction of their Interests ln society
be seen?.
One necessarily a slave and exploited, and the other with diametrically opposite Interests, representing slave drivers and exploiters, yet
Lethbridge presents a rare phenomenon where light and darkneas are
rendered one.
Ye Socialists get busy and see that
the attempts of capitalists to aide-
tracking the workers are fooled to a
Comrades rally!   Comrades rally!
D0 not lose your courage here,
Long and well you've waged the battle,
Standing Arm without a fear.
Day by day we're pressing onward;
Day by day the end draws near.
Soon the tumult of the conquest
And the glad exultant cheer.
You have hopes and high Ideals,
Dreams of freedom true and grand.
If you'd realize your vision,
If you'd see a better land;
Join with zeal the mighty struggle
Till the workers, heart and hand,
Move in concord, firm, united.
Naught against them then wlll stand.
Comrades rally;    Comrades rally;
Bold oppressors fear your power
And the battle will be bitter;
Quarter speaks not In their dower.
Cravens only fear the Issue,
They alone will pause and cower
While their brothers joint the onset
Gladly in this crucial hoar.
Comrades rally!   Comrades rally I
All your future is at stake;
Home and family, love and honor,
These and more they ruthless take:
But the race at last Is rising;
Soon their fetters they will break,
And shall hail the dawning era:
Strong of arm, alert, awake.


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