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Western Clarion Jun 21, 1913

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Array Owned and controlled by  tbe
Socialist  Party
of Canada
Published in the
interest of the
Working  Class
Subscription Price
"Maggie Pepper" Criticised From the Socialist
Stage production, like literature and
ait, generally served as a true reflector of the social life of ages gone by,
and today more than ever before, the
Drama ls a true interpreter of our aspirations, passions and ruling thoughts.
Man's inborn tendency has always
been to see his own actions, and the
world be lives In, portrayed in miniature. To find reaction after the adventures through bloody wars, the Roman soldiers had recourse to the
scenes of
Gory, Blood-curdling Plays
where, In fact, the chosen victims of
the dramas were slaves or political
prisoners, who were assassinated,
strangled, burned, or crucified, just
;i. iHiding to the writing of the plot.
To round up a day of enjoyment, the
good, pious burghers of mediaeval
times, after taking part In the burning
or quartering of some heretics to the
Holy Roman Church, betook them-
selves with wife and child to one of
thc mystery plays, then considered
very elevating to the human soul.
In the case of the Romane we see outright, frank cruelty, vested in her garb
or "honor," "bravery" and "chivalry,"
<debratlng one of her orgies, lt was
the age of conquests, and of constant
defiance of outside foes. Heroism was
consequently given the seat at the table
or the gods. The then prevailing conception was to laugh at death. Hence
the coolness with which they stared
at such bloody spectacles, and the systematic training of slaves for gladiators, to encourage the brave, and deride the cowards. Even woman was
imbued by this spirit of cruelty, and
the "thumbs down" of the Roman beauties have more than often helped good
..Id Pluto In bepeopllng Hades.
The open, almost sincere barbarity
or the Romans gaev way to
The Ambiguous, Bigoted Cro»lty
or the medieval Catholics, whose sole
mission on earth was saving souls
through faggot, and gibbet. The fight
Ing nf gladiators and slaughtering of
slaves on the stage was too outrageous
ror these charitable people. Something
more in accordance with their psy-
i hnloglcal make-up had to take Its
place. Some stimulant had to be had
ror their "holiness," and gradually we
see the plays of mysteries encouraged
by the Roman Hierarchy, hold the su
i"■istltlous minds of all Europe spellbound. But times eventually changed,
with them the determining economic
tactors. and Just as the classic era of
'(inquests gave way to the refined, hypocritical rapacity of a jealous papacy,
The Spirit Our Own Age Bred,
so had the latter to make room for
the bourgeois spirit of romanticism,
and systematic business. With this, a
new stage of affairs evolved. The arts,
poetry, literature and the drama, every
requisite pertaining to the "soul" of
man migrated into a new field of action. To expose the barbarity of past
ages, to laugh at the stupidity and bigotry of the mother of the Holy Inquisition, was the flr-it achievement of our
romantic school. Their sole object-
to praise the modern arrangement of
affairs, and to call down the wrath of
ages on the evildoers of old.
Slavery, according to them, ceased
to be. Man was once more free. Cruelty and superstition, with the change
of economic affairs, were replaced by
alt the blessings of a "free" competitive commercialism. Man's Idea of
The Heroic Took a New Turn
The Caesars and Torquemadas retired reluctantly to the background.
Joining the frightening symbols of old.
only to be replaced by
The Hero of the Money Bag.
The javelin and holy-water   found
their superior ln the bankroll; the soldier's toga and  priest's garb ln  the
frock coat and stiff-bosomed shirt.
So the songs acquired a new tune,
the singers a fresh object for serenading, the drama a new sentiment.
It Became Business
and "Maggie Pepper" could with right
be called the modern business play.
She, the centre of attraction, Is the
child of commerce, trained and reared
by commerce, therefore dear to the
hearts of the commercial audience, who
after a "hard, day's work" flock to the-j
theater to Bee In her their genius.
About thirty, tbe has been from her
childhood In the employ of one firm
Mr. Joe Holbrook, her rmplovcr. is a
middle aged man, and a Don Jt*an bv
character. Easy-minded, t-!o\\ going, ha
and possessed with a strong dislike
for Maggie, About the same time, th*»
Prodigal boss returns, meets with
Maggie, and, unrecognized, he discovered through her that the business is
thoroughly neglected, and not up to
the mark of a' modern establishment
ment, and inspired by her talk, he
made his mind up to leave his circle
of prostitute friends, and get down to
work ta uplift the heritage his "hardworking" father left him.
He appoints her as manager, and—
lo and behold! as lf touched by a magic
wand, every one of his undertakings
bears fruit. He soon knows that his
prosperity is due to the untiring activity of Maggie, her perseverance, and
fidelity. Her ideas on advertising succeed immensely, and the store of Holbrook & Co. Ib all the time packed with
buying throngs of people. She knows
how to make good choice in salesladies, engaging tbe nicest and most
attractive only. She rules with an
iron hand, and a cunning mind. Her
greatest quality consists ln making
people believe they are getting something for nothing.
It is no earthly use to give more
details about this moral-straightening
play. You all know the end, lf you
possess any insight whatever. He
married her, for he "loved" her. and
because she had made a "man" of him
And So a Halo of Glory Is 8pun
around modern business, and a woman,
the "poetical expression of all the
ages," ls the heroine, for her cunning
shrewdness and petty .speculative ability.
What an Ideal of a woman' What
loving qualities! The praise mongers
of legal and "honest" business see
nothing wrong in this, nothing corrupt.
To be a business lady is to share in
the glories of the heroic Spartan moth-
era of old. A woman degraded by the
artfulness and charlatanism of our
monstrous commercialism appears to
them a matter of course.
Success being founded on the rotten-
est of tricks, they necessarily gloss
them over, and draw over them a veil
of romanticism.
Everything legalized is naturally
"honest." lt Is therefore evident that
Macgle Pepper is to be looked upon as
a glorious character and should serve
as an example to the rest of the fair
We do not care what impression this
drama makes on the bourgeois mind.
Their conception of things we know,
alas! It Is to the workingman we
wish to explain the double-facednees of
such productions. We want him to
realize that Maggie Pepper is
Nothing but an Apology
for all the down trodden, broken-spirited women who for years slave and
suffer in departmental stores without
the least sign of relief. We want him
to understand that even if a Maggie
Pepper once ln a life-time exists, that
she pays a great, immense price for
the "happiness" she gains. The price
is her womanly soul, which cannot
long breathe in the foul swamp of
modern business.
was one of the best ever. There were
about 2000 people ln the parade and
thousands lined the route. We had a
first class band which played the "Mar-
Belllase," "Red Flag," and some fine
airs.   Speakers were as follows:
Por Local No. 1, Montreal—Chairman G. Borland, J. Knight, K. Johnson,
B. Smltz, P. Faughan.
Local No. 2, Montreal (French)—A,
St. Martin and others.
Polish—Com. Morganti.
Russion—J. Swere-v.
Young Socialists—G. Hayes, I. Bol-
tuck,  T.  Harrison,  Miss  Boltuck, O.
i Flgg-
Ukranlan Social Democrat Fed.—J.
Knyder and others.
There were also ln the parade in big
numbers the Paoll Zionists and Lithuanian Socialists, and members of the
All the members of our Local who
spoke belonged to the wage slave claaa
and made a good showing.   About the
beginning of March we called a conference of the following organizations:
Local No. 2, Socialist Party of Canada (French.)
Russian Social-Democrats.
Russian Revolutionaries.
Polish Socialist Party.
Urkanian Social Democratic Party.
Jewish Socialist Party—Paoll Zionists.
Lithuanian Socialist Party.
Young Socialist Federation of Montreal.
Industrial Workers of the World.
Fabian Society.
They all, with the exception of the
last-mentioned, helped to make May
Day a success.
We paraded from the corner of
Prince Arthur and Main Streets down
St. Lawrence Street, across Craig to
the Champ de Mars where speeches
were delivered from platforms men
tloned. to about 10.000 people. The
parade then re-formed and we returned by St Denis and St. Catherines
Streets to the Hall where we held a
ball and more speeches were delivered,
The demonstration was a tremendous
success, but we Intend to go a lot
better next year.        '
Calgary, May 29, 1913.
Dear Comrades:—Press reports Indicate that a Dominion election will be
sprung within a few weeks, and it behooves the members ot the party in
Alberta to be prepared for this for-
shadowed event, and to get Into immediate communication with all S.P.C.
Locals and members-at-large ln the
various constituencies with a view to
calling, as early as possible, conventions for the purpose of nominating
The Alberta Executive suggests that
locals be represented at the proposed
conventions upon the basis of one delegate to every twenty or major fraction
thereof members in good standing;
and that every individual holding a
paid-up card as a member-at-large be
allowed a seat in the said convention,
aa a delegate-at-large.
Comradea! Immediate and decisive
action is necessary if the revolutionary
workers of this Province are to be
represented ln the Dominion House!
Aa a political party we are strong
enough to return several members to
the Canadian Parliament, but the vigilance and energy of every individual
Socialist is essential to success.
The work done by tbe party members previous to elections, in canvassing, agitating, collecting funds, holding
meetings, getting names o the voters'
list, etc., is always indicated in the returns on polling day. We are endeavoring to arouse every Socialist in the
Province to activity, and we will do
everything possible to assist in the
approaching campaign, but it is up to
the various locals and individuals, who
are in touch with the conditions peculiar to their own localities (and
therefore better equipped than we of
the Executive), to take immediate
action and organize the campaign.
Hoping that you will use your voice
and vote to bring about a nominating
convention in your district as early as
possible, and assuring you of our cooperation, we are,   .
Springing the Traps Set for the Unwary Agriculturist
of British Columbia.
Co-operation is the one subject of I labor-power be produced more cheaply.
conversation in the Okanagan Valley
at the present time.
Co-operate with whom and for what?
you ask. Let us see If we can give a
logical reply.
In this garden of Eden, the land of
the great red apple, that paradise
where the people are pictured ln glowing terms by tbe most Honorable Sir
Richard McBride as being so very
prosperous, we find the following state
of affairs obtains:
Farmers in possession of parishable
farm produce, such aa fruit, potatoes,
etc., the result of many hard months'
toll, and no prospect of disposing of
same in exchange for the other necessities of life, or the equivalent ln that
medium of exchange—gold.
Consequently tbe merchant, if be
intends to remain a little longer as
such, must sell his wares on credit, or,
more properly speaking, must speculate with the farmer on this season s
crop, and live in hopes that it will be
bountiful enough to pay an idle class
their interest, and bave enough to pay
for their own keep.
Further, .the rake-off coming to the
real estate sharks when things are
booming, is pretty well raked off altogether this year, for lack of suckers.
So much for the pressure b rough" tui ........
bear upon the economic interests of j     e *arce •
the above element, and the cause fori what about the Gran*e ot twenty
their eagerness to herd the fanners \ *<*n a«°> be8i(ie wbIcb y°ur little or"
into a Joint stock company wlta the, a»*tat.on   sinks  into  insignificance?
And how about the Grain Growers' As-
It   all   depends   upon   the   point   of
view whether a thing or a condition
Is good or bad.
The comrade I am staying with has
just told me that we are to have chicken for dinner. That's good—but what
about the chicken?
The capitalist system Is good—for
the capitalist; and bad—for the worker.
The Co-operative Commonwealth
will be good for the workers. It will
not be bad for the capitalist—because
there won't be any."
The Individual who knocks the Socialist Party of Canada Is reminded
that there are hard hitters ln that
party and that he will get what he
asks for—return blows with interest.
Enough said!
Apropos (that's a good word) of the
above, here's one who Is going the
limit in that direction lf necessary.
If you don't like the S. P. of C, get
out of it, If you are In It; or stay out,
if you are not ln.
Do you want others to vote on what
kind of a party you shall belong to?
A nice concept!™ of democracy that!
Oh! Democracy: What nonsense Ib
spoken In thy name!
Lethbridge, June 10.—The election
of J. H. Smith of Fernie, as president
of No. 18 district of the U. M. W. of
A., ls practically assured. The following are the figures so far received:
Smith—Fernle, 483; Michel, 215; Hosmer, 148; Bellevue, 160; Lethbridge,
38. Stubbs—Fernie, 370; Michel, 61;
Hosmer, 43; Bellevue, 90; Lethbridge,
There are still to hear from Diamond City, Taber, Bankhead and Can-
more, every one of them termed in—j
8urgent camps. These will more than
offset any majorites Stubbs may get
in camps favorable to blm. Some of
these are expected to poll an almost
solid vote for Stubbs, but not enough
to cut down a 500 lead—News-Advertiser, 11-6-18.
Paris.—A gigantic demonstration of
protest against the extensions of the
period of military service in the French
army from two to three years took
the place today of the annual meeting
before the "Mur des Federes" in the
cemetery of Pere-Lachaise, where the
communards were assassinated in 1871,
although prohibited by the government.
The demonstration was held outside
the'fortifications on waste lands, the
speakers standing on the top ot a sloping hillock, from which the entire
crowd was visible. L'Humanite, the
socialist paper, says nearly 50,000 persons were present.
Militarism was denounced from a
dozen platforms over which floated
red flags. The crowd sang "The Mar-
sellaise." and "The Internationale," on
the way back into the city. A large
force of police was on hand, but did
nothing else than watch the proceedings.
Result,   lower  wages   for  the  wage-
worker and
Fatter   Dividends   for   the   Capitalist
The co-operative scheme, now being
so cunningly coached by the capitalist
government will have a two-fold effect.
Flrat, by eliminating a vast horde of
middle-men, the cost of producing foodstuffs will decrease and its value drop.
Therefore, wages or the value of
labor-power will decrease.
Secondly, by putting the middle man
out to swell the army of those already
seeking a buyer for their labor power.
The supply of this commodity will be
still more in excess of demand, hence
price will fall below value. Cheaper
or lower wages for the ninety per cent
will result therefrom, with the purchasing power of this gre-*t army of
consumers decreased in like proportion.
Well, Mr. Farmer, where do you get
off at?   Do you see a glimmer of light?
Or have the hirelings of corporations
and capitalist governments so effectually glued the cobwebs on your eyes
that you can't brush them off till you
reach the rock-pits?
Can you see any sound logic ln the
argument that you will obtain a wider
market under this one-sided co-opera-
assurance of this being a solution to.
the bread and butter question
Unless the farmers can be soothed
sociation of more recent origin? Why
not take a lesson from those who have
there is no telling but what they may I alrea°-y made ■**•-*- mistake of trying to
be   so   indiscreet   as   to   listen   long cure a diaease without removing the
enough to some Socialist ranter, and
Isn't it reasonable to believe that
men who are today taking billions of
proflt out of the very Uvea of the
working people, should be willing to
spend a few thousand dollars to make
you believe that Socialism ls wrong?
The sooner the elsss struggle is understood, fought out and the incident
closed, the better   for   the   working
She gives "him hints for ita advance- class nnd tha race as a whole.-Bx.
Jack London's  name aa a revolu- secured the sanction of the author and
tionary writer is so universally famll-1 Publishers to publish it as a serial ln
lar to the working class that he needs Tne We8tern CIarion' and this ,B8ue
, .     ,     ,      . contains the first instalment, to be fol-
no Introduction here. .       . .      ,. .„ .. ,   _
lowed by others until the story is fln-
Sclentlflc or political themes or -8ne(-
facts, interwoven with fancy and The "Foreword," given In this issue,
given a touch of literary finish, are i Is a masterly introduction, which can
better appreciated by readers who are j be appreciated without any comment
not disposed to read the same matter here. The narrative is supposed to be
written In serious prose. The Iron!written some centuries ahead of the
Heel ls one of Jack London's best I present time, and deals with the
productions. His charming style,' struggles of the workers under the
clearness in essentials, and perfect master class organized into a perfect
literary diction ln treating of the engine of repression, accurately de-
struggles of the working class against ] scribed in the title of the book,
the formidable "Iron Heel"    of    the     ~ a*****************************^-^-. ,.
masters are so brilliantly exemplified
ln this volume that its perusal is calculated to refresh and encourage those
Blaves of capital whose spirits have
become depressed and discouraged by
the apparent slothful spirit of their
fellow victims of exploitation.
Conscious of the great merit of this
book, the Dominion Executive   have
__ _ Will the cheapening of your produce
that would "put them on the road to!t0 the consumer be the means of more
discovering the real cause of their j DelnS consumed when the purchasing
poverty and ever-increasing worry.      ! P°wer of m< of the consumers has
fallen off at the same rate?
The other 10% have always gorged
     themselves with your cream while yon
From The above brief outline,  the | sparingly smelled the skim milk, until
reader, by reading between the lines,
perchance get a few facts presented I
If such a mistake they should make,
then it would be "good-bye forever,
you  leeches."'
The moral of the whole work ls the
imperative need of education, and the
dangerous possibility of the master
class forcing the issue before the
workers are Intelligently equipped
to meet it.
Arrangements are being made with
the publishers for the sale of the
book, which will be announced when
'Twas at the play: the vllllan hissed, and smoked his hateful
cigarette; the lovers wept and hugged and kissed and said things
would be all right yet. But all things seemed to go all wrong, the
vllllan had things all his way; lt often made the writer long to take
a hand within the fray.
I said: "He is a hateful pup; lf in my hands I had his throat,
I'd tent him in small pieces up—yes, I would surely get his goat;
I'd like to take one solid clout at him—to slam him ln the slats;
I'd like to turn him inside out, I would, I would, goldarn my cats!"
Oh! I could hardly keep my seat, at times to leave lt I would
start, Intent to turn him to dead meat—to see the color of his heart.
But, after all, there wbb no -need for "truly yours" to take a
hand—another hero made him bleed and laid him dead upon the
strand; bo vice was vanquished, virtue won, and things were
changed to joy from woe, It ended up with Justice done, as on the
stage It's ever so.
Oh! would the life of every day was as It's pictured on the stage,
then you and I with truth could say: "At last draws near the
Golden  Age!" By Wilfrid Qrlbble.
can perhaps catch a glimpse of an
ounce or two of pressure brought to
bear upon the government to cause
them to hastily set about to administer
the soothing syrup.
However, by far the greatest leverage has been exerted by the class the
government is the servant of, the capitalist class.
To prove my contention, the reader,
if he or she is sufficiently interested,
wlll have to follow me a little into that
branch of science known as political
economy, otherwise an intelligent understanding of the situation cannot be
Well, what Is the Value of Your
commodity, Mr. Farmer, and how is lt
The value of a commodity is determined by the average amount of socially necessary labor required to produce lt, measured by time.
There is absolutely no other factor
by which the exchange value of any
commodity can be measured except
labor. Thus, If by the improvement
of machinery or by the adoption of improved methods of transportation (a
part of production, mark you) the labor time necessary for the production
of any commodity Is diminished, its
value diminished in the same ratio.
Also price, the monetary expression of
value, must fall also, assuming ot
course that supply and demand about
balance, otherwise price may be anywhere above or below value.
Now let Us Examine for Just a Moment
the one particular commodity that the
capitalist class is most desirous of obtaining at the smallest possible price,
because it ls the only commodity that
possesses that peculiar feature of being able to transmit to other commodities a value greater than itself—and
that is labor power.
One's physical or mental energy is
produced by eating, sleeping, etc., and
it requires labor to produce the food,
clothing and shelter. Hence the value
of labor power Is equivalent to its cost
of production.
We all possess labor power, but we
all do not use It, and some use it for
their own use only, while the great
majority sell It because they have no
other thing to sell. Thus It becomes
a commodity with this class, and must
logically be governed by the same laws
that govern all other commodities.
Now What Has All This to Do
with the farmer and co-operation? This
much. If the farmers can be Induced
to centralize their efforts in such a
manner as to lessen the labor involved
in the production of food stuffs. Its
value must fall  tn consequence and
they resemble a well blown-up football. Can you stuff any more down
their necks?
The question was asked:
Co-operate With Whom and for What?
You co-operate with the capitalist
class in this scheme to produce cheap
food, to enable that class to buy cheap
labor power, to the end that they may
grow fatter and fatter, working the
worker and farming the farmer.
(Continued on Page Four.)
It is a calm night. Outside the
streets are busy with the rush of business; swift hurrying cars make noises
as of the trolly and ding ding of their
gongs; the autos hush and hoot; the
slaves walk and cackle; 'tis a night
for "girling" snd Lovers' Lane is no
longer solitary (don't ask me how I
know) but full with couples already
conspiring to bring upon the crowded
stage of human strife "little packages,"
as Gribble says.
The swift rush of tbe street Ib good
to listen to; every one seems going
somewhere and quite determined tt
get there. As I listen from the win
dow there comes scurrying up the
street a newsboy and then another,
and presently more. "TERRIBLE ACCIDENT IN CALGARY!"
Evening Howler, air? Read all
about the fight! Luther McCarty
killed! Terrible assldent!" There
is a rush for the papers and a great
deal of excitement. "Hear the news?
Fierce, ain't It? Rotten luck! D'ye
think it will kill the fight game in Calgary?" All discuss, all descant; all
disclaim. 1 pick up the paper and
scan lt over. Only another fighting
man killed and all this row.
Obscurely in the corner I read: "An
unknown man of the poorer class was
picked up in a shack dead yesterday.
Investigation seems to prove that for
some reason hard to explain he was
starved"; or. "Today one of the men
engaged on the Blank Block fell off
the fifty story and broke his neck. The
body was transferred to the morgue
for identification." And no fuss. Perhaps one or two bought the papers to
see if the dead man's Job was yet
taken. Other than that the world did
not notice such an insignificant item.
Great Art Thou, O Capitalism!
One useless Is killed by another
useless, or rather died In the fight—
and there Is a huge amount of excitement. One useful dies in constructive
work and these it- not a ripple on the
face of things.
Published avsry two weeks by the
Soolallat Party of Canada at the offlce
of The Western Clarion, 616 Matn St.,
Vancouver,  B. C.
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We bave received a letter from the
local at St. Catherines, Ont., enclosing
press clippings of the local press referring to the suppression of Socialist
meetings on the streets of that city of
m G-od, with the suggestion that the sit
uation be analyzed for the benefit of
the readers of tho Clarion in St. Cats,
and elsewhere. The advice has been
given to the comrides to resist the
action of the authorities by all the
legal and constitutional means within
their power, and give the facts as
much publicity as possible.
The case is almost on all-fours with
the fight the Socialist Party had ln
Victoria two years ago. There the
comrades received notice that tbey
would not be allowed to speak on the
spot they had utilized without interference and without a sign of disturbance for the previous ten years. On
enquiry lt waa elicited tbat the Salvation Army would be allowed to use the
same place as the Socialists had been
using, they not being required to shift
into tbe wholesale district as were the
former. This being a plain case of discrimination, the local decided to fight
it, by the same methods as are recommended above—testing the case in the
courts, and in the meantime creating
all the publicity possible. These means
were utilized, and although eight of
the comrades had to go to Jail for ten
days, the Conservative heeler on tbe
bench having given his decision in
flat defiance to the overwhelming evidence that on this occasion the police
caused all the trouble, one comrade
appealed the decision and won out, tbe
appeal Judge stating that the case was
one that never ought to have come
into court at all. At the present time
the Socialists are holding their meetings on the corner the police wanted
them to in the first place, but the Salvation Army has to go there also, and
as they made their protest on the
ground of discrimination on the part
of the authorities, they won out. Inasmuch as the Salvation Army performs one useful function at least—
that of gathering the crowd for the
Socialists to speak to—there is no
fault to find with the arrangement.
The St. Catherines com-ades are
being put to a similar test. The authorities are under the impression that
they are a bunch of slaves who are ln
awe of the courts, and can easily be
bin Ted. It is but a step, lf they make
this stick, to prohibiting Socialist
meetings on the streets altogether.
No city in Canada, to our knowledge,
bus succeeded in doing that yet. It
will not be attempted a second time
if steps are taken to draw the attention of the general public to the rank
discrimination attempted. "The man
tn the street," with all his shortcomings, has definite Ideas aa to what constitutes a square deal, and will not be
slow in expressing his disapproval of
the action taken, nor slow In helping
financially fn the fight. He also polls
the majority of the votes ln the municipal elections, and his protest will
carry weight.
The fact that they have a municipal
by-law for their authority tn discriminating ought not to deter the comrades. We are no lawyers, but lt
f-oems to us that the fact that the bylaw Itself discriminates In favor of
ro-callfid "religious" organizations renders It null and void when put to a
legal test. The capitalist courts have
an appearance of impartiality and fairness to keep up, and though the police
court magistrate would doubtless give
bis decision in favor of the authorl-
ttoa, it Is extremely likely that his
decision would be reversed on appeal.
The fight should be made on the
Issue of discrimination, and that issue
not allowed to be obscured.
The authorities in Montreal, according to a letter Just to hand, have demanded lhat the Socialists tbere take
a permit from the mayor for the use
of the streets     No light    should be
m«de on that issue, as long as there
Is no discrimination or subsequent attempt to suppress the meetings by a
refusal of the permit, ln which case
tbe Issue of discrimination   will   be
raised, and ahould be fought   to tbe
flnfsh.   Montreal comradea, in view of
the magnificent turnout of Soclalista
on May Day, should be able to make
It exceedingly Interesting for the authorities if the light   Is forced upon
Meanwhile, let it never be forgotten
that these matters are best and most
effctively met by utilizing the legal
and constitutional machinery ot the
capitalist courts. All hot-heads should
be kept well ln hand, and every move
well considered in all its aspects before action is taken.
The ruling classes in English-speaking countries have always insisted
that they were respectable, and condescend to allow the same virtue to
those Of their subjects who gave them
their support. "British respectability"
has become a synonym for all the
bourgeois virtues, lt is not considered "respectable" to He, evade the
law, cheat in business, patronize the
red-light district, get drunk, gamble,
fight, beat tbe wife, or obtain goods
under false pretences—if you are
found out. If a reasonable excuse ls
provided by the bourgeois participants
in these recreations for their fellow-
respectables to affect complete ignorance of their antics, their position and
standing in "society" circles ls unaffected. They are still admitted to the
"best houses," and their assumption
of all the qualities deemed virtues by
their class Is taken at its face value
and no questions asked.
In the current issue of the Appeal
to Reason, John Kenneth Turner admits that the militia officers who have
been ln charge of the West Virginia
situation in the Interests of the mine
owners are gentlemen (i.e., respectable). "They refuse to cut the cards
at poker. They know how to treat a
guest. They are fairly well educated.
They are from the 'best families,'
usually, of their state. They would be
slow to do wrong to one whom they
considered an equal. They are gentlemen, but—a gentleman will put his
heel on the body of a worm as unhesitatingly as anyone else. And it must
be recorded that to the gentlemanly
officers of the West Virginia militia
the coal miners are worms." And he
goes on to recount a conversation with
one of these respectables in which the
latter admitted to him tbat the Socialists had been counted out in the
previous fall elections in one county.
"It wouldn't have done to let them
carry the county, you know." Quite
respectable, of course. It all depends
whose ox is gored.
We in British Columbia have recent-
Iv been treated to another instance of
respectables in action. A party of
some sixty miners from County Durham In England arrived in Vancouver
the other day. They had left their
lobs, sold out their homes (all but
three of them were married), and embarked for Canada, on the representations of the agents of the respectable mine-owners on Vancouver Island
that there was plenty of work at good
wages for them, and no labor troubles.
Everything was harmonious between
them and their employers, and they
were guaranteed work as Boon as they
arrived at the mines. Lies out of the
whole cloth, as we all know, but still
they are practised upon "worms of
coal miners" and do not detract from
their standing as respectable citizens.
They defy the law that says that their
mines shall be kept reasonably safe
for their slaves to work in, and have
the support in that defiance of the
"respectable" par excellence of British
Columbia, Sir Richard McBride, Premier ot the Province and Minister of
Mines. Unfortunately for them, some
of the union officials got wind of the
affair, and the men were met at Revelstoke, the truth (which is never respectable) laid before them, and they
one and all refused to be respectable
strike-breakers In the interests of the
respectable mine-owners, and the
agent lost his commission, and tbe
miners involved have lost their standing as respectable citizens ln the eyes
of their would-be masters.
From all of which it appears that
respectability ls a curious attribute
that is peculiar to tho ruling class, and
not possessed by the "Inferior" classes.
It is distinctly a class attribute. The
practice of lying, deceit, home-wrecking, the driving of girls to prostitution
and men to vagabondage by the payment of low wages, and the murder of
miners by the neglect of ordinary precautions, ln the Interests of the respectable shareholders—all of these
practices and countless similar ones,
do not detract from the standing of
I those who practice them as respect-
j able citizens. They are still admitted
to the "best houses" as gentlemen of
Irreproachable respectability.
Bourgeois respectability and ordinary human decency between man and
man are widely differing codes of behavior. All manner of outrages, lying,
perjury and mental prostitution can be
practiced by the respectables of bourgeois society on their social Inferiors,
and no "cold shoulder" will be turned
■heir way by their equals.
The workers should take particular
pains to acquire the character of being
"not. respectable," but Just decent.
From a merely human standpoint, the
two terms express the difference between swine and men.
(To complete bound volumes or
Comrades who have the following issues of the Clarion on hand
will confef a favor by forwarding
them to this o....ce by return.
1912—Nos. 680, 678, 677, 672.
(About 12 copies of each are required.)
The Columbia University of
New York also require one copy
of each of the following issues to
complete the bound volumes:
1909—Nos. 552, 558.
i910—570, 584.
1911—63**. 640, 641, 642.
If no one would take from anyone
else anything more than he gave full
value for where would the profit system be, anyhow?—Ex.
Can a man be a Christian and a
This Ib a question often asked, and
also a question, I believe, that has
brought forth more divers answers
than any other asked on the subject
of Socialism. Some say, to be a Socialist it is necessary to be a Christian, that the morals of Christ and the
morals of the Socialist are identical.
People who have such ideas can't
realize that Socialism is a science, and
has no ethics. They think that Socialism, like Christianity, is Just a
code of ethics. Tbat Socialists and
Christians may have the same ethics,
no more proves that a person can be
a Christian and a Soelaliat than a man
having the same ethics as geologists
or astronomers can be a geologist or
an astronomer.
Some try to prove the affirmative
to this question by saying, Socialism,
like mathematics or physics, ls a
science, and a man who understands
mathematics is a mathematician,
whether he be Christian or atheist,
and if a man understands physics, he
is a physician, whether he be a Christian or atheist, and if a man understands Socialism, he is a Socialist,
whether he be Christian or atheist.
We might add to this: If a man understands Christianity, he is a Christian, no matter what else he may be.
Now, if all men who understand
the science of Socialism were voluntarily doing something to bring about
the downfall of capitalism and the
inauguration of the new society to be,
this answer may bear some weight.
But such Is not the case. There are
many men who understand Socialism,
but whose interests compel them to
defend and support capitalism, and to
fight against Socialism. Can we call
these people socialists? And if to be
a Socialist, one must understand the
science of Socialism, tben I'm of the
opinion that the S. P. of C and all
other Socialist parties, are composed
chiefly of non-Socialists, and when a
workingman does understand the
science of Socialism, he also understands Christianity, and are we to believe that he then becomes a Christian?
Speaking from experience, It ls
when a workingman realizes what
Christianity is, that he ceases to be a
Christian. Slaves are Christians, not
because they understand it, but because they don't understand it, and
worst of it Is, they think they do understand it.
Some prove the negative to this
question, by proving that Christianity
and Socialism are opposed to each
other. But that is another question
altogether. The fact that Socialism
and Christianity are opposed to each
other, no more proves that a man
can't be a Christian and a Socialist,
"hon the fact that biology and Christianity are opposed proves that a man
can't, be a Christian and a biologist.
To answer this question, we should
nsk ourselves. "What is necessary
to be a Christian and what Is necessary to be a Socialist?" To be a
Christian it is not necessary to know
nil about It. On the contrary, it ls
necessary that one should not know
sit about -it (unless you are a capl-
•nllpt). It Is not necessary to believe
in tbe garden of Eden myth, or
the deluge, and the Ark. It is not
necessary to believe ln the miracles,
supposed to have been performed by
Christ. It is not necessary that you
should ever have heard tell of these
events at all. All that is necessary ls
to have faith, and believe that in
Christ ia salvation—not here, but hereafter.
If you wish to test this, then take a
walk Into the lower quarters of any
big city and question the inhabitants.
You'll find many that can't answer
tbe simplest question you may ask.
Many have never seen the Inside of a
church since they were christened, not
because they tbey would not, or don't
care to go, but because they never
had clothes or shoes fit to go ln. You
may say these are not Christians.
Then you want to be around ln
time of a riot. Then these underfed
and overworked men and women
(whom a posse of police fear to face)
will fly like rats before a bulldog at
the sight of a -priest and the sign of
the cross, who, lf put to the test,
couldn't drive his fist through The
Western Clarion.
These same men and women would
die for their faith, not because they
understand it. but because they don't.
They are tbe real Christians.
What Is necessary to be a Socialist?
If n man believes that by the collective ownership ot the means   of life,
with production for use, instead of
for profit, lies salvation, not hereafter,
but here, and he attaches himself to
the organization of his class, which
has this end in view, and he plays bis
part, in the sale and distribution of
literature, makes preparations for
meetings, etc., then he is a Socialist.
To say a man can't be a Christian
and a Socialist is to say: "What is,
cannot be," for we have men In the
party who sincerely and conscientiously adhere to and support both the
christian and Socialist movements.
You can't say these men are not Socialists, neither can you say they are
not Christians. They are both. You
may classify tbem as a particular
brand, but that don't exclude them
from the specie.
Yours in revolt,
there is so much misery and poverty
in the world is because we are in the
latter days of Capitalism. (Ye look
around and see miserable wage slaves
on every hand. Tbey go about with
pallid faces and weary eyes, asking,
Who shall deliver ua?" Why don't
they band together and compel the
capitalists to deliver the goods? Why
don't they satisfy their needs now?
Because they will not use their
collective power; they choose rather
to starve to death. Well, lt la certainly heroic to starve in the midst of
We are thrilled with the heroism ot
Scott. He laid down hla life rather
than neglect a sick subordinate, at a
time when he had achieved his object
and was returning to receive the honor
and approval of his countrymen.
Bnt the man who will starve in the
midst of plenty must either be tired
of life, or a slave to a code of morality
that dominates him and inspires him
to collapse like a throttled earwig.
Socialist Party Directory
Socialist Tarty of Canada, meets first
anil third Sundays, 3 p.m., at 516
Main St. J. H. Burrough, Secretary.
Kxecutive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada meets same as above.
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. Kast. Burt E. Anderson, Secretury, Box 647, Calgary.	
residing ln these two provinces to communicate with them on organization
matters. Address I). McMillan, 32
Maln_Bt., So. Hill, Moose Jaw, Sask.
Committee: Notice:—This card Is Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested in the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
memliers of the Party; so lf you are
desirous of becoming* a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
Secretary, J. D. Houston, 493 Kurby
_St„ Winnipeg.	
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,]
meets every .second and fourth Sundays ln the Cape Breton ufttre of the
Party, Commercial Street, Olace Hay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box
491. Place Bay, N.S.	
LOCAI.    FSB-NIB,   B.   9.   of   C,   HOED
educational meetings In the Miners
Union Hall every Sunday at 7:00
Business meeting third Sunday In each
month, 7.SO p.m. Economic clans every Sunday afternoon at 2:30. Albert
K.  Hart, Secretury,  Box  Itt.
EOOAE    VANCOUVEB,   B     O      m
Finnish. Meets ever? -SS-J!0, ••>,
fourth   Thursdays    In   the   mm.. •*'"'
49, S. P. C. Meets nSt' und i i, *}
Sundaya of each month In bLui I
Hall. J. N. Hlntea, Secretary n,"'1
Heights, B.C. otwuvy, Qlbson
Miners' Hall and 6pera House i?r",. *•
ganda meetings at 8 pm 0„iii?-
and third Sundays of the mont, Varies-- meetings on Thursday iientali
following propaganda meetings at **?
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman Alt.'*
Secretary, Jas. Olendennlng, Box ni:
Coleman Alta. Visitors may ralalvi
Information  any day at Miners'  p..i
maCnrfiA.7a.Wm- °raham' **M, Colli
EOOAE BOMEAVD, No. IB, I. 9. ot C,
meets In Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7.30 p.m. 10. Campbell, Organizer.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 12B. Finnish branch meets In ^'Inlanders' Hall j
Sundays at 7.30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secretary.   Box   64,   Hossland.   B.  C. |
Editor Clarion: I am sending you
the official count of the vote polled ln
Taker riding. Comrade T. Edwin Smith
was the candidate of the Soelaliat
party. He took a majority at three
polls, Rosemead, Iron Springs and
Elcan. The first two are farmers' districts and the last a mining camp. In
Taber town we polled eighty-six votes.
In spite of a wagon load of beer that
was, dished out among the foreign element.   The vote was:
McLean, Liberal  1,231
Ivea, Conservative     341
Smith. Socialist   234
Taber Socialists are now girding up
their loins in preparation for tbe next
Yours in' the struggle,
Secretary Local No. IS.
EOOAE MXCHBE, S. C, Bo. 18, B. 9. Ot
C„ holds propaganda meetings every
Sunday afternoon at 2.30 In Crahan's
Hall. A hearty Invitation ls extended to all wage slaves within reach of
us to attend our meetings. Business
meetings are held the first and third
Sundays of each month at 10.30 a.m.
In the same hall. Party organizers
take notice.    T.  W.  Brown, Secretary. |
P. of C. Business meeting a at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays of
each month.    B. F. Gayman, Secretary.
EOOAE TICTOBIA,  Bo.  8,  B.  F.  of  C.,
headquarters and reading room bib
Yates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday. 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting
Sunday, 8 p.m., Empress Theatre.
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 o'clock In Public Library room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen, Organizer, 	
C. Business meeting every Sunday,
afternoon at 2:00 p.m. In Socialist
Hall opposite Post Offlce. Economic
classes held Tuesday and Friday. 7,
p.m. Propaganda meeting every!
Sunday, 3 p.m. Headquarter-:: Socialist Hall, oposlte post office. Financial
Secy.. Thomas Carney; Corresponding
Secretary, Joseph Naylor.
eoC/***. ▼ahcouveb7j^7^b79'.~oTo.
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters. 213 Hastings
St.   Fast.    H.  ltiihltn.   Secretary.
S. P. of C,—Business meeting every
second Sunday of thu month and propaganda meeting every fourth Sunday.
Open to everybody at Room 221. Labor
Temple at 2 p.m. Secretary, John
Schagat,  Box  1616.
P. of C. Headquarters. 622 First st
Business meetings every Sunday at 4
p.m. sharp. Our reading room Is open
to the public free, from 10 a.m to n
p.m. dally. Secretary, J. A. 8. Smith
Organiser, Wm. McQuold; Literature
Agent. T. D. Pratt.
ot C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at R o'clock at the hud.
quarters. 134 Ninth Ave. West It
Adle. Serrelnty, Box 647.
every Sunday, Trades Hall, 8.00 |. rM
Business meeting, second Friday fi
P.m.. Trades Hall. W. B. Bird, dan
Pel.,  Secretary.
S.   P.   of  C.     Meets  every   Sunday  at
3:30 p.m.  In  Miners'  Half,    Sec-alar-
Sam  Larson,   1411   Srd  Ave.  N.    Win
invoy, Organiser.
Business meeting and economic claw
every Wednesday evening at Coin, li
McMillan's. 32 Main St.. So. Hill. Prop!
agenda meeting every Sunday, 3 p. tn,
at the Hex Theatre. Secretary, Win
Harrison, JOB Maple St. Organizer. A
Stewart. _
S. P. of C. Headquarters, Labor
Temple. Business meetings every Jnd
and 4th Thursday In the month at -
p.m. Propaganda meetings every Hun-
day at 8 p.m.. Market Square w.
Breeze, Secretary.  122 Kdmonton  St.
ideae Ottawa toTsT b. F."of a—
Business meetings the first Sundav In
month In the Labor Hall. 21* liank
Street, at 8 p.m. Secretary. A. Betien-
sohn, 281 Laurier Ave. Organizer,
A. O. McCallum. Recording secretary,
Wm.   McCallum.
meets Sundays at Socialist Hall, corner St. Frbaln and Prince Arthur 8tn„
at 3 p.m. Business meeting. Wednesdays, 8 p.m. Secretary. Ph. Faughnan,
P. O. Box 118, Station B., Montreal
time—-Headquarters In Rukosln Hlk.
Commercial St. Open every evening.
Business and Propaganda meeting at
headquarters every Thursday at 8 p.m.
Harold Q, Rosa, Secretary. Box EOS.
of ('. Headquarters at Miners' Hall
Business meetings every first and second Sunday in the month. N. D.
Thiichuk, Secretary, Box 167, Canmore,
You are a good fellow as long aa
you are good enough to support the
idle fellow. You are a dangerous demagogue when you become good to
yourself, your family and your class.
Collins, Sask., May 19, 1913.
Western Clarion.
Dear Comrades: Cheer up. We
want that paper to live, even though
our Local has only disposed of one
yearly, one six months, and a three
months, making a total of $1.75 for the
month. We are going to "dig in"
harder than ever or subs., although
some are not able to contribute to
maintenance fund.
Herewith $4.65 from "A Friend" to
maintenance.—Yours in revolt,
Sec. Local Roseland No. 10.
"White slavery" is only one division
of wage slavery. You must end the
latter to stop tbe former.—Ex.
Empress Theatre     J. Maedonald Speaker
Vancouver, B.C.
8 pjn.
The Dominion Kxecutive hate the following (Iteratura for sale. (Published
by the party.):
To   Individ-
Locals    uals
per 100 a copy
Manifesto  S.  P.  of C »«,00      10c
What la Socialism?-*   (.00     10c
Socialism and Unionism"  1.00       6c
ISc per dozen.
Btruggle  for   Existence*  1.00       tc
25c per dozen.
State   and   Government*  1.00       6c
26c per dozt.n.
Value. Price and ProHt"  2.00       6u
30c per dozen
•Express charges added.
To Executlvo
Locals      Committees
"Due  Stamps   $0.10 $0.06
Platforms, English 25 .20
Platforms, Foreign 60 .40
Dues Cards   1.00 .80
Constitutions    ,.   1 He each     1.00
(Above prices per 100)
Receipt   Books   06 each      ,50doz
Warrant   Books    26 each     I.SOdoz
Buttons (party)   3.60 dos.        S.OOdoz
do. to Individuals 60 each
has the following cloth-bound books on
sale.    Make all money orders payable to
J. N. Smith, 213 Hastings St E„ Vancouver,  B.  O.
Capital, vols. 1, 2 and 3 $2.00
.The Eastern Question  (Mars)  2.00
(Critique of Pol. Economy (Marx).... 1.00
Ancient Lowly, vol. 1 and 2 (Ward) 1.60
Ancient Socloty  (Morgan)  1.60
Materialistic Conception of History
(Labrlole)      1.00
Philosophical "Essays  (Dletzgen)   1.00
Industrial     History     of     England
(Rogers)     2.00
Students'   Marx   (Avellng)...  1.00
SO-cant Booke
Science  nnd   Revolution   (TTntermann.)
The World's Revolutions (Unjermann.)
Socialism,    Its   Growth   and   Outcome
(Bax  A  Morris.)
Socialism  for Students   (Cohen.)
Evolution of Property (Lafargue.)
Right To Be Lazy, Etc.  (Lafargue.)
Class Struggle  (Kautsky.)
Militant  Proletariat  (Austin  Lewis.)
Making of the World (Myera.)
End of the World (Myers.)
Value, Price and Proflt (Marx.)
Revolution     and    Counter-Revolution
Memoirs of Karl Marx (Llebknecht.)
Origin ot the Family  (Engels.)
Socialism. Utopian and Scientific (En
Oerms of Mind In Plants.
(Prices Inolude  axpresa charges)
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, In convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles aud programme of th.
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of
the means of production, consequently ill the products of labor belong
to the capitalist class. The capitalist U therefore master; the worker
a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins
of ,Kovernment all the powets of the 8tate wlll be used to protect and
derond their property rights In the means of wealth production and
their control of the product or labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever swelling
stream or profits, and to the worker an ever-lncreaalng measure of
misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies In the direction of Bettini--
itBeir rree from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point or production. To accomplish this necessitates the transforms
tlon of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production Into col
lectlve or working-class prope-ty.
The irrepressible conflict of Interest between the capitalist and
the worker Is rapidly culminating ln a Btruggle for possession of the
Z f,?!, g?vei.nment~*;ne «l»**a*.*.t to hold, the worker to secure It
by political action.   This Is the class struggle.
„, ,-TheQrefor1'*!' .wl ca" upon a11 workers to organise under the banner
m.HH ™   "8-t P.aurty 0f Canada* wlth the 0W«* of conquering the
™™      ,!? the Vi?.TV0te ot ■eUlnS "P ana enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
aatmhm J^ tran8format'°n. »■» rapidly as possible, of capitalist prop.
mm. Jit? Tan! 0/1wealth Production (natural reaources. factories.
mills, railroads, etc.) Into the collective property of the working class.
the workera democratlc or8an'«*tlon and management of Industry by
...-* talari e8tab,'*3hm,el-t. as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead or production ror prorit.
.m-ii1'!'-? Soclallat Party when »«• off e shall always and everywhere
Uon iiae.S?nt T161? l8 aboli8h«d- make the answer to this ques
bShSa^r t£.gJ$X °f ,?on<luct- Will this legislation advance the
tie a«Sl,it SniTXra- »as." and ald the worke™ »a their class strug
will nnt tl. «P . uTrl P l wl"- the Socialist Party is for it; If ll
will not, the Socialist Party Is absolutely opposed to It
to cnnda,Ce?Ina?he witvh1|t»ls principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
I. rn"l' k6 PU-bllc affalrs placed ,n •*■ hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone
Its. - Sr .  .-, U.
■Aif    S-       IN     B.C flf.^B      -mt
This  page  ls  devoted  to  reports  of  Bxecutlva fl*--...--.- .	
General Party Matters.    Address all cSuni™?mlt.te"'  Locals,   and
Secretary, 618 Main St., Vancouver, Bm(mun'c»tl<>ns to J. H. Burrough.
Write on one side of the paper only.
Do not put the words or lines too close
together. Do not abbreviate your
words. If sending more than two
sheets, number them consecutively,
leaving a margin on the left side for
the purpose. Do this, and we will rise
up and call you bleaaed.
DOMWOir nxBOUViva ooaduTTs-c
Vancouver, May 30, 1913.
Convened at 618 Main St., at 8 p.m.
Present, Rahim, Reld, Karme, Connor
and .Secretary.    Reld In the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting adopted
its read.
Correspondence dealt with from Moses
Harlt*", a ,R. Knight, W. K, Bryce, Sec.
Local No. 10. Sask.; R. C. McCutcheon,
Src. Local No. 1, Winnipeg: W. H. Oln-
ther, Laygham, Sask.; Ph. Faugnnan,
Sec. Local No. 1. Montreal: J. B. Osborne. Oakland. Cal.; N. A. Smith, Winnipeg; W. Qrlbble, Calgary; It. H. Har-
rla,  Keno'ra.
Secretary reported having received the
manuscript from Com. Osborne of a new
pamphlet, "The Way to Power," In accordance with arrangement made when
thi' comrade was last In Vancouver, und
had acknowledged receipt of same, with
tlie Intimation thut it would be published u* soon as funds were available. Action endorsed.
The other communications were of a
routine  nature,  and  were  ordered  tiled.
financial Beport
Clarion   receipts    160.10
Charter Fees (Pt. Alberni)     1.00
A. (iilliert, Sask., literature       .60
Local  Montreal No.  1,  literature...    2.26
clarion   fund       8.40
Printing  and  mailing Clurlon  No.
721  $91.00
Postage stamps     2.60
Sec.  wages   10.00
b. o. PBOTnrciaL »x»c*trrT*n com-
Tanoon-rar, Kay SO, 1813
Convened as above.    Reld In chair.
Miiiii!•■-. of previous meeting adopted
us   read.
Correspondence dealt with from H.
Dalglelah, secretary Local Victoria No.
2: If. A. Uoodwln. Local Vancouver No.
45 (Finnish); A. Benesohn, secretary
Local Ottawa No. 8; W. C. Field, Golden; Mrs.  Hattle Bone, Clayton.
Application from Wm. C. Field for
im tnbi-rshlp-at-large accepted. Secretary Instructed lo write National Secretary of S. P. of A. re communication
from Local 46, and to reply to communl-
i atlon   from   Victoria.     Correspondence
Secretary reported that he had culled
a n|ieclal meeting of the committee on
May 28th to consider an application for
a charter from comrades in Port Alberni. There were present Pritchard. Connor, Rahim. Karme and the secretary.
The Issuance of the charter had been
approved, subject lo '"he proper application forms being filled. Secretary was
Instructed to forward the charter to Org.
Cassidy at Nanalmo, with the request
that lie proceed to Port Alberni as soon
as possible nnd hand over the dinner
when the application form* to be provided him "had been filled out. Action
endorsed and minutes of special meeting signed.
Itnaneial Beport
11   ITripley.  member-at-large, dues        .76
W. c. Field, member-at-large, dues    l.oo
W. C.  Field, literature     3.26
c. Lestor,  literature     2.00
Local Pt. Alberni, charter fee and
supplies      6.00
Local Nakusp, dues stamps     2.00
To Dom. Exec. Com., charter fee....
TBoyrmatAis bbb-optitb
Vancouver. June 8, 1913.
Convened at 616 Main St., at 8 p.m.
Present: Rahim, Connor, Pritchard,
Held and Secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting adopted
nt*  read.
correspondence dealt with from I.
OreenwelL Sec. Local Extension No. 78;
Org. cassidy, Nanalmo and Port Alber-
"I; C H. Lake. Stewart; Local Langley
No. 73: A. Harris. Little Vnldcr, Island;
"'■ O Johnson. Carml. Communications
from C ,H. Lake, A. Harris and C. O.
Johnson referred to D. E. C.
Rills—To Local No. 1. Vancouver, for
literature.  $1.60.
The shortage of funds for the purpose
of organising Vancouver Island was
-"nsioVred an(j xhe matter of keeping
Com. Cassidy In the field was left In the
hands of the Secretary.
The Secretary reported having received no communication from his enquiry ns
In tl,« position of Vancouver Local No.
M with the exception of a verbal report
(""•ni the Secretary that "tie had mailed
11 letter to all the members to state their
choice of a suitable time for meeting, to
"hlrh he had received but one reply.
Secretary Instructed to take the enrd
nf Local Vancouver No. 69 out of the
Clarion directory, said local having
ceased to exist.
•financial Beport
Receipts — Local Langley, No. 73.
flues stamp*,   fl.,10.
Kxpenaes—R. C. Organizing fund. $20.
Vancouver June 6,  1913.
Convened aa above. Pritchard In the
Minutes of previous meeting adopted
M rend.
Correspondence dealt with from J. B.
"'borne, Oakland, Cal.: W. Green. To-
r(""l«>n; D. McMillan, Sec. Sask. Exec:
■y A. McNeill. Ersklne, Alta.: Malcolm
McNeill, Ersklne, Alta.; I*). Thomson.
Bee. Local No. 80, St. Catherines, Ont.;
Albert B. Drygas, lit. ngt., Local No, 1,
Moose Jaw; ft. Radbord. Montreal; J.
Cartwright, Toronto; R. C. McCutcheon,
sec Local No. 1, Winnipeg; Columbia
I "Iverslty, N. Y.; Sam Larson. Sec. Lo-
jal No. 13. Lethbridge; W. Orlbblc. Ba-
i»r"r",.Alta-' M»tt. Gedutls, Sec. Local No.
«. Diamond City. Alta.; S. B. Lee, Sec.
Local No. 46. (Red Raven) Dickson,
->"«.; The McMillan Co.. Toronto, and
ii 7f'' A- Harris, Little Voider. Island.
' ,C.| C. O. Johnson, Carml, B. C; C. U-
«,';'. 8>wart. B. C.
...P1'*8—Editing Clarion No. 722. $10;
rlntlng and mailing same, »89.26; P.O.
i»*Pt„ mailing No. 721, I2.RB; E. T.
Klngsley, 100 receipt books, $9.26; sec-
'"•nry, sundries, $6.60. Warrants or-
''i-red drawn.
Secretary reported having como to an
""ingement with the MncMitlan Co. for
I»fi nubu*"***»lon of the Iron Heel as a
e«„ ' ,n Tlle Westorn Clarion, and ar-
iatik-pmont, |n progress for securing condiment of 'he book for sale. Action
Also that tho pamphlet. "Socialism
■na the Survival of the Fittest" could
s" on the press In the course of about
Socialism and the Survival of the
fittest will be Issued In pamphlet
wh"1'   n w,n be Put on the Pre88
when sufficient advance orders have
"een received to Justify doing so.
rnce; 12.00 per 100, 25c per doz.
single copies, 6c
10 days, with one written by Com. j. B.
Osborne, the manuscript having come
to hum! the previous week. Printing
•financial Import
(Mav 31-June 6)
Clarion  receipts 	
Clarion Fund 	
Literature sales      t.io
Parly Button  35
Local  Lethbridge on ale     6.00
As per warrants  $127.96
The pamphlet "Socialism and the
Survival of the Fittest" will be In the
printer's hands in the course of a few
days, and those locals wishing a supply should send in their orders at
once, as half thc proposed edition of
5000 has already been spoken for.
Another pamphlet, one of the best,
If not the best, In the English language, on the phase treated, will also
be shortly available. It will be entitled "The Way to Power," written by
Com. J. B. Osborne, of Oakland, Cal.,
and Is an amplification of a lecture
delivered by him In Vancouver and
Victoria. The price wlll be the same
as the one referred to above, $.200 per
100. Both pamphlets wlll have a distinctive cover, calculated to assist
sales. "The Way to Power" will be
off the press before lt has finished
running in the Clarion, but sample
copies will be mailed to each Local.
Prompt orders, accompanied with
cash, are requested. The type of both
pamphlets will be kept for future re-1 dHoonraea.
prints, If the sales of the first editions
are satisfactory.
So far there has been no response
to the appeal In the last Clarion for
the B. C. Organizing Fund. From all
the evidence to hand ln this matter
the R. C. membership, outside of a few
centers, seem to have no conception
of the ease with which an organizer
could be kept ln the field lf he was
once equipped with a motor-cycle.   If
Montreal comrades are busy with
their new Socialist headquarters, 693
St. Urbain Street, with summer open
air propaganda meetings, starting a
Socialist band and lectures on Industrial History.
We have a fine new home und meet
there every Wednesday for business
meeting and debate on economic questions to train our speakers. On Friday evenings we are having a series
of lectures on Industrial Hlatory by
Comrade Leach. These are held under
the joint auspices of the 8. P. of C,
■• W. w. group and Young Socialist
Propaganda meetings are being held
in four parts of the city—Phillips
Square and St. Catherine street Sundays, 8 p.m.; corner Wellington and
Bourgolse streets, near Subway Pt., St.
Charles, Sundays, 3 p.m.; Paplneau
avenue and 8t. Catherine, Thuradays,
8 p.m.; Prince Arthur and Main streets,
Saturdays, 8 p.m.
Comrade Knight, a colored speaker,
Is our piece de resistance as regards
speakers, but we have a fine bunch of
young warriors, and training a lot
more. Present spielers are Comrades
Johnson, Fay, Boltuck, Hayes, Priest,
Smith, Heighlinger and the SecreUry.
All our speakers are pretty well
grounded on the manifesto; some can
quote paragraphs. Of course we don't
confine ourselves to that pamphlet, but
we think a lot of It.
We have enough Socialist instrumentalists ln Montreal to start a Socialist prize band and a flrst claaa orchestra. Comrade Fay Is getting in
touch with a number of rabid Socialists
who play, and we hope to astonish the
citizens of Montreal as much with the
beauty of our airs as the logic of our
In the course of a week or so we
hope to have an Italian local here.
Through the instituting of rigid ad
herence to the principles of the party,
a couple have resigned, with the result that our Local is cleared from
reformists of any shape or form. Our
message is clean revolutionary and
It appeals to tbe Intelligence of the
workers of Montreal. We have big
crowds who listen with attention and
thc  mintr-i  on   strike  on  Vancouver | very rarely have any trouble.   Except
Island were now working and draw
Ing money, the matter of securing it
would be quickly disposed of. The
manner of getting the funds from the
outsiders who attend the propaganda
meetings regularly, suggested In this
column last Issue, Is the easiest and
most feasible, but If the membership
have got Into a rut and want to stay
there,%valtiable space would be wasted
trying to get them to take collective
action for a common benefit.
Attention ls drawn to the advertisement elsewhere In this issue for missing copies of the Clarion. Some of
these are needed in this offlce for the
bound volumes of 1912, and others
by the Columbia University for a similar purpose. Those readers who have
these copies filed away are requested
to forward them to this offlce at once.
Locals or Individuals who wish for
bound volumes of the Clarions for
1912 are requested to send in their
orders at once, In order that sufficient
volumes can be ordered when the
missing copies have been received.
The attention of Manitoba comrades
and readers is drawn to the fact that
the Saskatchewan Executive Committee have consented to act In that
capacity for the.former province. All
supplies, applications for charters, etc.
should be forwarded to the Secretary,
D. McMillan. See Directory on page
Winnipeg Local Is manifesting its
ability to "come back." Com. McCutcheon, the secretary, forwards an order for $12.00 worth of literature.
oxabio* ran
Ral. In hand May 26 $67.30
British Columbia
Thomas.  Wm $0.60
R. L. .1. ".  2.00
C. a. Johnson 4.60
Local Lethbridge No. 13
Whyte, Alex	
when a drunk blows along in the
rougher parts of the town, and then
we deal with him. We are adding new
members every week. If things keep
on as they are at present, we will do
things yet here.
Yours for the revolution,
Total  to June  /  „..„..„ $80.20
Orant  to Clarion  BC   62.66
Bal. In hand June 7 $17.86
Bo. 79B
Subs   48.66
Bundles   12.80
Directory    8.60
Ads     S.00
Literature  sales      4.10
Orant from Clarion Fund  62.66
Editor Clarion: Find enclosed two
six months sub. cards which are intended to run as one yearly. Money
will be sent per Comrade McMillan,
from whom I got cards.
Selling subs is like trying to sell
quids. Money ls tight all round, with
the worker doubly tight. He begins
to look at the enormous sum of 75
cents as though it were a great risk.
He has an Idea that he might need it
very soon.
Unemployed men have stomachs;
women and children don't live on air,
either. Why does not some worker
devise some means by which we could
suspend animation and be placed in
storage until needed? It would prevent a lot of suffering and crime and
prostitution. The working claas would
really begin to get respectable then.
If they were not needed it would be
an easy matter to wake up a few to
dust down the others, say about once
a year.
Don't laugh at this Idea. If science
can perform the feat capitalism will
not be averse to using it. It's a splendid Idea for the capitalist; it is the
only hope he has left. Nothing else
can keep capitalism afloat.
Don't say the worker would not
stand for It. He will stand for anything.
in fact, I think he would be as glad
to have a year or two on the shelf as
troubling himself looking round for a
I am not very sure that this is an
original idea, and shall not be surprised to have some cold storage
worker claiming priority.
Just think of it! Labor troubles
would be abolished for all time. If
there was nothing for you to do, all
that would be necessary would be to
apply to the right source, and say:
Please put me on the shelf." Those
who are now paid to preach religion
$134.60 Would be out of a job.   There would
Printing  and  mailing..... $99.26
Editing   ; "..  10.00
Sub. blanks  13.60
Organizing cards   11.76
Ral. brought forward $38.00
A Friend  L      2.00
Locnl Port Alberni  10.00
Warrants drawn  $.17.00
WarranLs drawn    12.00
Itnl. In hand Juno 9 $ 1.00
The "red c rd" Socialist doesn't
think himself nt all superior to any
other workingman; he merely shows
his willingness to bear his share of
tho burden in maintaining a working-
man's organization, without which the
working class can never hope to secure Its emancipation from Industrial
no longer be any necessity to preach
Heaven and Hell, so at least one great
bugbear would be abolished.
1 hardly know what the capitalist
wnitld do with all the sky-pilots, but
of course it would not be of any use
storing them, they would not be necessary any more. For the first time In
the world's history, brotherhood might
become possible—and without teachers at that. It would be Peace, Perfect
Yours In the Revolt,
Q. G.
At a recent election to the lower
house of parliament of Denmark, the
Socialists increased their representation from 14 to 32 members.
Editor Clarion:—About six weeks
ago the majority of the intelligent electors .of the Province of Alberta by
their votes endorsed the rule of capital
and renewed Ita right to exploit and
enslave the wealth producers of this
part of the last great West.
Four years ago the Soelaliat party
of Canada nominated three candidates
in this Province. We polled about
1500 votes, and we elected one member to the legislative assembly. This
time we nominated eight, and polled
about 3000 votes.
In some constituencies where we
did not nominate candidates a large
number of ballots had "Socialism"
written on them, but we did not elect
any. Just before the election the enemy was successful in dividing our ef
forts, otherwise we could have nominated more candidates, recorded more
votes and would probably have elected
three members. "Divide and rule" is
the old proverb. We must not only
condemn, but we must also account for
why the enemy could, and did, use our
former comrades against us. Such
cannot be dealt with In this article,
And I would rather that those who are
better with the pen than I would continue the good work.
The two Provincial machines of the
old parties agreed to unite on one
candidate. They selected a man who
had been a member of our party, also
president of the District Union of the
mine workers. Two local men of each
party were confided in. They were to
gradually make- it known to the other
local worthies, "But the best laid
schemes of mice and men, etc." Slaves
are Grits because they hate the Tories,
and vice versa, each thinks that the
party he belongs to has done most for
the worker's. As tbe scheme became
known the slaves began to buck. Grit
slaves said they would rather vote for
the Socialist than unite with the Tories, who had given our country to
the C.P.R., and the Tory slaves said
they would rather vote for the Socialist that to unite with the grafting
The C.P.R. control directly or indirectly all the mines In the Rocky
Mountain constituency. The bye elections one year ago demonstrated that
the Liberal Attorney-General could nol
again be elected in Edmonton without
the consent of the Conservatives, sc
I suspect that they made a trade, thc
Conservatives to allow the Liberal Attorney-General to be re-elected in Edmonton, the Liberals ln turn to assist
the Conservatives to take the Rocky
Mountain constituency from the Social
lets. As a result of re-distribution one
constituency only polled about 100
votes, several other constituencies
polled but a few hundred votes. Thc
Rocky Mountain was already one of
the largest and most thickly populated
rural constituencies in the Province.
Tt was not made smaller, on the contrary, they added a great deal to lt.
The man who was to be the united
candidate was nominated by a Liberal
convention as a Liberal-labor, the Liberals that could be trusted were instructed to vote for the candidate nominated by the Conservatives, the Tory
slaves supported the candidate of their
party, the Grit slaves had the proof
that their party was the friend of labor. Ancient and modern political
trickery, large sums of money and
booze galore (particularly in Banff and
Blairmore, where modern Ideas are
least known). Though we were aware
of all this, we were confident that a
majority vote would retain the Rocky
Mountain constituency for the Socialists. Even the enemy did not expect
to win. When the ballots were counted the result was a surprise to all.
Some of the officials of the miners'
unions who had formerly been members of our party, were bitterly fighting the Socialists in a neighboring
constituency in defence of one of themselves who was a Labor-Liberal candidate. This caused more than we expected (of those who had reached that
stage in their development, that they
professed to bo Socialists, and would
not knowingly vote for either of the
old parties, but were yet ill-ln,formed)
to not be able to detect the Judas until after the election. However, there
were 1018 of the voters who were sufficiently well Informed as not to be
caught in any of those traps. As well
there were a number of comrades who
were qualified but In various ways
were debarred from voting, and then
there are always those that are not
legally qualified.
Now that the hypnotic influence of
the election has been dispelled, and
It ia generally known that the old parties were united In defeating us, many
of the slaves regret that they were
such easy marks, and are urging us
to protest the election.
We are now soliciting legal advice
and If the cost is within our chances
of collecting lt, we will try for another election. They had a majority
of 81 with about 40 of our ballots In
dispute. These could be added to our
1018 by a recount, but that would cost
one hundred dollars.
Editor Clarion: Even those who are
not familiar with the modern school of
Socialism know that we have Ideas
that our grandparents did not have,
and they had Ideas that their grandparents did not have, and so on back
down through the history of the "human race. The dominant religious,
political, educational aad other Ideas
of any given epoch are expressed by
social institutions, which together
comprise what is known aa a social
system. The new ideas of succeeding
generations require new social institutions, that soon come in conflict with
tbe old. The new surer many defeats,
but Anally win. The old must give
way to the new. That is what is
known as human progress. The clash
between the old and the new ts known
as a social revolution.
It must be apparent to everv careful student of social conditions that
we are now ln the midst of the most
complex and far-reaching social revolution that has ever engaged th<- minds
of human beings. Those who Join and
stay with the new are the vanguards
of human progress.
Those ln the old sometimes retard
the growth of the new by Inducing
some (but particularly those who by
some chance hold official positions) in
the new to desert. The song of the
international emblem of tbe present
new institutions, "The Red Flag," haa
added to the stigma, "deserter."
"Tho' cowards flinch and traitors
sneer, we'll keep the red flag flying
here." We have decided that we cannot protest the election, as we could
not collect su... clent money so soon
after, it having for the time being almost exhausted the amount that the
slaves can spare. Not having the cash
we will have to pay for our apathy
with temporary defeat.
It is well to remember that the combined forces of the political parties of
the capitalist class could not have defeated us. But in addition thereto
was the influence of a number of former comrades holding official positions in the unions, who united with
the Government, and even with this
addition to the forces of the enemy
proper, we were confident of a majority. It was that very confidence that
prevented us from getting a majority
in spite of all opposition. We were so
sure of winning that it gave a cheap
excuse for apathy; a number of comrades lay down on the Job.
Those who Joined with the enemy
may have had good intentions, but the
tactics they used are to me evidence
of the reverse. The plea that they
were trying to secure labor representation in the Legislative Assembly
may appeal to those who are not
familiar with the history of the labor
movement of Western Canada, Those
who are familiar with the efforts of
labor in this new but last Great West
know that tbe members elected in Alberta and British Columbia by the S.
P. of C. have taken every possible advantage of conditions ln trying to
secure labor legislation, and because
of our revolutionary tactics we have
been more successful, both in electing
members and securing labor legislation, than the reform labor party ln
the provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
In fact, there are few, if any, other
parts of the English-speaking world
with about the same number of inhabitants that have dotre so well.
They claim that there is a quarrel
on between tbe unions and the Socialists. Nothing could be further from
the facts. True, they are and have
been trying to create such a quarrel,
and such will not receive any opposition from our masters. In fact, if it
can be accomplished they wlll be de-
In the Clarion of recent date I suggested that the appearance of the Lib-
Lab Fraternity In Alberta offered ns
an opportunity to observe how far a
revolutionary movement could be
turned aside by Individuals who had
formerly Identified themselvea with it,
end who had prestige and ability.
The attempt has failed. The Socialist vote exceeded expectation, although
the "opposition" was defeated. The
Liberals got the Liberal vote, no more.
The Government bought a gold brick.
The Crow's Nest miners did not take
kindly to the attempted sale, or giveaway" therefore "explanations" are
Stubbs being elected the fall-guy, haa
iasued a statement of hla position in
the District Ledger; proposing not
enly to clear up his and hia fellow officials' attitude, but to define tbe relation of the U. M. W. of A. toward
political bodies In general and to the
S. P. of C. in particular. Unfortunately in his zeal to slam aucb members
of the 8. P. of C. as have offended him
he forgets his proposals.
His explanations for the most part
consist of the usual stock-in-trade of
discredited officials. Sneering insinuations that his critics are after hla Job;
obacure hints at their daily Uvea and
paltry fallings; repetitions of "some
one told me so"; bits of gossip; sounding appeals to review the facts and
ignore mere opinion, coupled with an
illuminating reluctance on his part
to do any thing of the kind,—not even
excepting their latest accomplishment,
mutilating Marx to excuse the course
of their trickery.
With the controversy over the District Ledger, or anything officially connected with the U. M. W. of A., we are
not concerned but to an outsider it
would appear tint the "explanation" is
more ln need of an explanation than
the situation which called it forth. Nor
am I concerned with the sneers devoted
to myself. I subscribe to them all (they
may mean anything). They are cheap
enough in every particular; yet If
there be anyone possessing the desire
but lacking the imagination to put
meaning into those involved and am*
blguous strictures, I can aupply them
with information which will materially
assist them. Furthermore, while holding myself Indebted to him for the
hint as to why, the only time I permitted my name to appear upon the district ballot, it was not endorsed by the
obscure victims of the God peat, I
know he is wrong (whatever he
means). So discharge this debt, notwithstanding 'tis a bum steer. As lea-
sons In lexicography are in order I
desire to suggest that precepta are
always couched in the imperative, never ln the subjunctive mood; also that
If he would seek "the more subtle"
meaning of the word "fatalistic," and
review his Omar in the light of discretionary years, the result would probably go far to nullifying the suspicion
that he recks but little of a precept attributed to Christ concerning motes
and beams and eyes.
Having presumed thus far upon the
indulgence of the Clarion readers, let
us proceed to our muttons.
Stubbs asserts that "the most important part of the controversy has
been overlooked by tbe self-appointed
saviors of society." I am compelled
to agree with him though we would
doubtless disagree over the proper application of the nominative. He agrees
that there may be some truth In the
charge that he Is an apostate to the
views formerly held by him, while a
member of the S. P. of C, but he protests that he has not Jeopardised the
Interests of the U. M. W. of A- and
lighted, but as yet they have not been j matataln8 that upon thta ,atter con.
very successful.    Lethbridge was the | 8iderRti0n only should he be Judged.
only place where they were successful in getting the unions to nominate a
candidate against us, and I don't think
that could be repeated. There ls less
friction between the unions and Socialists of Western Canada than there
is in most other parts of the world.
Most of our federated    unions have
By taking a review of the labor
movement ln this section for the past
few years, we may arrive at a different
In 1905 a former President of District
18 was expelled from the S. P. of C.
following an attempt to assist "labor"
ln their desire to secure "labor repre-
endorsed Socialism, ln British Colum-1 8enutlon." Stubbs at that time did
bla by referendum vote. All the unions I not appear ag tne champlon of out.
In the Rocky Mountain constituency j raged labor The PreBldent WM reIn.
that could afford it. contributed to our j 8tated upon explaining that he did not
campaign funds. The mine workers
so resented the political action of their
officials that the President resigned.
As a rule industrial concerns do not
function as a political party, but they
furnish the funds to maintain a political party to protect their interests.
They may tolerate ordinary slaves,
and even petty officials, lf they sup-
know he was violating his obligation.
A couple of years afterward the Le*h-
brldge riding was thrown open by the
sitting member resigning. The Trades
and Labor Council of Lethbrldre decided to run a candidate. A prominent
Labor Leader approached the Socialist
party in Lethbridge pointing out the
possibility of being able to cipture the
port some other party;   but if any of j 8eat as a Labor candidate—not Liberal.
the high officials do not support the
political party of the    concern they
work for, their services are soon dispensed with.
It is the privilege of the mine work-
mark you. His offer was rejected,
Stubbs, I believe being emphatically
against any such tampering with principles. The convention came off, with
the Labor Leader and Stubba fighting
George), clasping hands with the Lib
eral  Premier, and  proclaiming for a
"Greater Lethbridge" as an important
campaign issue!
They resorted on a large scale to
^ the most cowardly methods of falsify-
With all that you can do for So-1 ing,   slandering  and  personal  abuse,
clallsm. Socialism wlll do very much * A small part of it appeared in the Al-
ers to do likewise. These officials are j against running a Labor man. How-
now trying to construe the writings of j ever, they were not successful in their
Karl M-r.x to Justify their action. I efforts. Donald McNab, a member of
Imagine Marx, who exposed the Labor- j the U. M. W. of A„ a miner fresh from
Mberalite, George Howell    (not   our j the picks, was nominated. There being
more for you.—Ex.
berta Federationist. C. M. O'BRIEN.
but one session ere a general election,
the master class parties did not contest the seat. The following year
brought the general election. McNab
was again nominated, and took the
field as the official candidate of Labor,
to be opposed by tha slurs and sneers
of the magnanimous Stijbhs, now so
(Continued on Page Four.) PAGE FOUR
"At first, (nil Earth, a stage to gloomed vilh
mot,    - ■ ■■.
You almost siclrtn at the shifting of the
And yet be patient.    Our Playwright may
In tome fifth act what this Wild Drama
It cannot be said that the Ever-
hard Manuscript is an important
historical document. To the historian it bristles with errors—not
errors of fact, but errors of interpretation. Looking back across
the seven centuries that have
lapsed since Avis Everhard completed her manuscript, events, and
the bearings of events, that were
confused and veiled to her, are
clear to us. She lacked perspective. She was too close to the
events she writes about. Nay, she
was merged in the events she has
Nevertheless, as a personal document, the Everhard Manuscript is
of inestimable value. But here
again enter error of perspective,
and vitiation due to the bias of
love. Yet we smile, indeed, and
forgive Avis Everhard for the
heroic lines upon which she modelled her husband. We know today that he was not so colossal,
and that he loomed among the
events of his times less largely
than the Manuscript would lead
us to believe.
We know that Ernest Everhard
was an exceptionally strong man,
but not so exceptional as his wife
thought him to be. He was, after
all, but one of a large number of
heroes who, throughout the world,
devoted their lives to the Revolution; though it must be conceded
that he did unusual work, especially in his elaboration and interpretation of working-class philosophy. '' Proletarian science'' and
"proletarian philosophy" were his
phrases for it, and therein he
shows the provincialism of his
mind—a defect, however, that was
due to the times and that none in
that day could escape.
But to return to the Manuscript.
Especially valuable is it in communicating to us the "feel" of
those terrible times. Nowhere do
we find more vividly portrayed the
psychology of the persons that
lived in that turbulent period embraced between the years 1912 and
1932—their mistakes and ignorance, their doubts and fears and
misapprehensions, their ethical
delusions, their violent passions,
their inconceivable sordidness and
selfishness. These are the things
that are so hard for us of this enlightened age to understand. History tells us that these things were,
and biology and psychology tell
us why they were; but history and
biology and psychology do not
make these things alive. We accept them as facts, but we are left
without sympathetic comprehension of them.
This sympathy comes to us,
however, as we peruse the Ever-
hard Manuscript. We enter into
the minds of the actors in that
long-ago world-drama, and for the
time being their mental processes
are our mental processes. Not
alone do we understand Avis
Everhard's love for her hero-husband, but we feel, as he felt, in
those first days, the vague and
terrible loom of the Oligarchy.
The Iron Heel (well named) we
feel descending upon and crushing mankind.
And in passing we note that that
historic phrase, the Iron Heel, originated in Ernest Everhard's
mind. This we may say, is the
one moot question that this newfound document clears up. Previous to this, the earliest-known
use of the phrase occurred in the
pamphlet, "Ye Slaves," written
by George Milford and published
in December, 1912. This Oeorge
Milford was an obscure agitator
about whom nothing is known,
save the one additional bit of information gained from the Manuscript, which mentions that he was
shot in the Chicago Commune.
Evidently he had heard Ernest
Everhard make use of the phrase
in some public speech, most probably when he was running for Congress in the fall of 1912. Prom
the Manuscript we learn that Ever-
hard used the phrase at a private
dinner in the spring of 1912. This
is, without discussion, the earliest-
known occasion on which the Oligarchy was so designated.
The rise of the Oligarchy will
always remain a cause of secret
wonder to the historian and the
philosopher.   Otlu*r great historical  events have   their   place in
social evolution.   Thev were  inevitable.     Their   coming   could
bave been predicted with the same
certitude that astronomers today
nrediet the outcome of the movements of stars.      Without these
other great historical ovents. social evolution could not have proceeded.     Primitive   communism,
(■battel slavery, serf slavery and
wage slavery were necessary step-
pin fj-stones in the evolution of
society. But it were ridiculous to
assert that the Iron Heel was a
necessary stepping-stone. Rather,
today, is it adjudged a step aside,
or a step backward, to the social
tyrannien that made the early
world a hell, but that were as necessary as the Iron Heel was unnecessary.
Black as Feudalism was, yet the
coming of it was inevitable. What
else than Feudalism could have
followed upon the breakdown of
that great centralized governmental machine known as the Roman
Empire? Not so, however, with
the Iron Heel. In the orderly
procedure of social evolution there
was no place for it. It was not
necessary, and it was not inevitable. It must always remain the
great curiosity of history — a
whim, a fantasy, an apparition, a
thing unexpected and undreamed;
and it should serve as a warning
to those rash political theorists of
today who speak with certitude of
social processes.
Capitalism was adjudged by the
sociologists of the time to be the
culmination of bourgeois rule, the
ripened fruit of the bourgeois revolution. And we of today can
but applaud that judgment. Following upon Capitalism, it was
held, even by such intellectual and
antagonistic giants as Herbert
Spencer, that Socialism would
come. Out of the decay of self-
seeking capitalism, it was held,
would arise that flower of the ages,
the Brotherhood of Man. Instead
of which, appalling alike to us
who look back' and to those that
lived at the time, capitalism, rotten-ripe, sent forth that monstrous
offshoot, the Oligarchy.
Too late did the socialist movement of the early twentieth century divine the coming of the
Oligarchy. Even as it was divined,
the Oligarchy was there—a fact
established in blood, a stupendous
and awful reality. Nor even then,
as the Everhard Manuscript well
shows, was any permanence attributed to the Iron Heel. Its overthrow was a matter of a few short
years, was the judgment of the
revolutionists. It is true, they
realized that the Peasant Revolt
was unplanned, and that the First
Revolt was premature; but they
little realized that the Second Revolt, planned and mature, was
doomed to equal futility and more
terrible punishment.
It is apparent that Avis Ever-
hard completed the Manuscript
during the last days of preparation for the Second Revolt; hence
the fact that there is no mention
of the disastrous outcome of the
Second Revolt. It is quite clear
that she intended the Manuscript
for immediate publication, as soon
as the Iron Heel was overthrown,
so that her husband, so recently
dead, should receive full credit
for all tbat he had ventured and
accomplished. Then came the
frightful crushing of the Second
Revolt, and it is probable that in
the moment of danger, ere she fled
or was captured by the Mercenaries, she hid the Manuscript in
the hollow oak at Wake Robin
Of Avis Everhard there is no
further record. Undoubtedly she
was executed by the Mercenaries;
and. as is well known, no record of
such executions was kept by the
Iron Heel. But little did she realize, even then, as she hid the
Manuscript and prepared to flee,
how terrible had been the breakdown of the Second Revolt. Little
did she realize that the tortuous
and distorted evolution of the
next three centuries would compel a Third Revolt and a Fourth
Revolt, and many Revolts, all
drowned in seas of blood, ere the
world-movement of labor should
come into its own. And little did
she dream that for seven long centuries the tribute of her love to
Ernest Everhard would repose
undisturbed in the heart of the
ancient oak at Wake Robin Lodge.
Ardis, November 27,
419 B.O.M.
paper are written by men who know.
Do you notice the same names appearing week after week heading this
column? All the sub rustling ls being
left to a very few. Look how often
the names of Comrades Gribble, Light-
stone, Cassidy, Jenkins, O'Brien ap-
" this list.
Now, boys, each and every one must
do n little. Here are the boys who
have done at least their share in the
Y.   H.   Q.
Com. Cassidy (V. I.)  6     2   ....
Com. Jenkins ( City) .'. 5     3   ....
Com. Gribble (Alta.)  4   	
Com. H. Noakes (B.C.)      2   ....
Com. M. Lightstone (Mont.) ..     1   10
C. I. Johnson (Carml, B.C.I.. 3     1   ....
Com. C. M. O'Brien (Alta.).. 3   	
W. Clarkson (Beaverdell).... 2   	
N. Mackmulay (City)  1     2   ....
W. Erwln (Mayton, Alta.).... 1     2   ....
J. H. B. (City)  1     1   ....
-   p*--pj.   (Alta.)  2   	
Singles  (Yearlles).
H. Radford J. Wold, J. A. Moon, A.
Whyte, B. Simmons, T. F. ZImmer, A.
Middleton, Raymond Tune (N. Z.), J,
Kneeshaw, 0. Grazier, G. Warren, A.
G. Scott, Sam Larso*a, G. Rossiter, J.
G. Meldrum, H. Adle, C. Harris, A.
J. D. Clark, E. Lavine, H. Dalglelsh,
P. Fillmore, D. Thomson, W. B. Bird.
Note.—This is a mighty poor showing, and does not Justify the hopea entertained at this end hy the executive,
based upon the evidences of activity
presented by this column tn the last
issue. There is no use in mincing matters. If the receipts do not pay the
printing bill, the paper cannot appear,
and when this Issue is paid for the
money to pay for the next haa to
come from somewhere. The Executive have not got lt at present. The
receipts for the Maintenance Fund
have fallen off to almost nothing.
Subs, are undoubtedly hard to get at
the present time,, but they form the
sole support of the paper, advertising
receipts being negligible. You will
have to do something, and do It quick.
scarce as hen's teeth, if not more so.
The order of the day is "work and
more work." Omar was the fortunate
possessor of a soft job; life did not
press too hardly upon him. Most of
us could manage quite easily the kind
of graft he was on, provided we looked
wise enough.
These be strenuoim times, the new
movement calls for- men of action, not
Omars, we want workers. The revolution is not the result of economic pressure altogether; economic pressure
produces that reaction which ln Ita
turn develops the revolutionary spirit
and sets that spirit to work. We must
not wait for these things to shape, we
must shape things.
We must not dally and flirt with economic fatalism; we must show the
light upon all and sundry occasions.
"We must decide to do it now," for
time presses, all the forces of production are fit, the worker Is not. It's up
to us to thank Omar for his divine and
soothing verse—and forget that such
a fellow existed. Get to work, ye
reds, all over the Dominion and then
when the trick is done 'twill be time
to talk in a wise manner of economic
Dear Comrade: Just a few lines to
Inform you that I have received charter and supplies, and beg to acknowledge tbe same. I suppose Com. Cassidy has acquainted you with tbe
facts in regard to forming a local here.
Well, comrade, have no fear as to results in the future. We have quite a
number ot class-conscious adherents
in this community, and the present
situation on the island ls conducive to
give us a great opportunity to drive
our arguments home. At the present
time our financial position is not very
encouraging, but we will use our moral
suasion to good advantage. Hoping
before long that we will be In a position to line up with the rest of the
1 Ixieals in B. C, both financially and
1 morally, in support of the only movement which will lead to freedom and
happiness for the masses who are
bound in chains of slavery due to their
own ignorance.
I will close, hoping you will not be
discouraged if we are a little behind in
financial transactions.
I remain,
Yours In the Fight,
Sec. Extension Local, No. 78.
May 28th, 1913.
Dear Comrade: The Saskatchewan
Prov. Ex. at. their business meeting
last night decided to take over the
Manitoba Ex. with myself as secretary
and treasurer. Excuse short note, aa
I am busy making arrangements re
Gribble's tour.-— I remain, Youra in
revolt, D. McMILLAN.
By Little Yorkle.
On the street corners of Vancouver
we are constantly being Informed of
the terrible evils existing today. Some
tell us the only remedy is that we
must be "born again," others tell ua
we must close all the saloons, and
others again inform us that we must
Join one big union in order to emancipate ourselves from our present condition of wage slavery.
This wage slave has an Idea that if
'-(> working class studied Socialism
for themselves they would not re-
(*t""ri- the aid of parsons, politicians,
union leaders or any other meal-
'Vet. quacks to tell them what to do.
They would know, and knowledge is
The bent way to spread that knowl-
fidgc, which Is so necessary, Is to get
this wiper Into the hands of tbe
work'ng claas.   The articles   In thla
Wisdom and the wise are things far
apart and muat not be confounded.
There are quite a few of ua who are
wise and yet lack wisdom, and many
others who have wisdom and yet are
not wise. "There's a reason," aa our
friends remarks. The proper thing
to do is to so combine the two so
that they complement each other. One
without the other Is a dead letter so
far as the revolutionary movement Is
concerned. Wisdom is useful If used
wisely and spread broadcast and the
wise will not cease from doing this.
To be wise and not spread wisdom Is
to be simply "wise" and no morn.
We have in theae days a great deal
of wise men who seem to be infected
with a very unwise fatalism: that
everything ls rosy and the revolution
MUST come just because they have
the idea that It will. These have taken the Omar one too much to heart
They have lived with him, eaten of
him; wolfed him and nothing matters.
"Leave the wise to wrangle and with
me the quarrel of the universe let be,"
and so on. Oh, its pretty; Its poetry;
its profound philosophy—but it is not
the way to accomplish anything. It
was all very well for old man Omar,
calm under the blooming rose trees
of the drowsy East. I myself (if I had
a Fitzgerald to assist) could turn out
just such stuff—to loll ln the shade and
watch the dusky beauties dance a
Zanalbar or something equally fascinating; to admire the delicate twists
and turns and speculate upon chances.
It was all very well to wander off with
Miss "Thou," whoever that lady may
have been. "The wilderness and thou"
sounds quite seductive to even me—
but this is not the rose-embowered
East and "Miss Thous" are about as
(Continued from p. 3.)
Jealous of a labor skate's good name,
that he assumes all responsibility for
the present situation. McNab had been
asked to retire from the Lethbridge
riding, being offered a seat elaewhere
but refused, standing manfully by his
guns. He went down to defeat, struggling alone, unassisted by any compromise with the Liberal machine, or
by association with Cabinet ministers;
as honest in his conviction as any
Labor candidate ever was, endorsed
by a Labor Convention, financed solely
by Labor funds, and a member of the
V. M. W. of A., Stubba generously contributed to his overthrow; but Stubbs
was swinging on a pick in those days,
and indulging in "doubtful (very) Interpretations of political economy."
Enter Jones, a Liberal ln everything
but name, and half Liberal ln that.
Stubbs, now President of Diet. 18, not
only lines up with tbe trickster but In
post-election explanations declares
that Jones was but a puppet, and his
was the hand behind the scenes that
manipulated the strings, protesting in
the same breath that tbe miners must
overlook this piece of political juggling and consider only, that with all
the opportunity for tricking tbem industrially, he has not done so.
"Contrast the petty done, the undone
Gompers' integrity to the A. F. of L.
in no wise mitigates his political
perversity. Nor did Stubbs permit any
such consideration to weigh greatly
ln favor of former Labor candidates in
the Cow's Nest Pass. Nor yet can I
imagine that the world views with
patience the plea that Moffat of the
P. W. A., or the instigators ot the Canadian Miners' Union were entitled to a
hearing because they were diligent in
matters pertaining to their organization.
That which waa rank treachery in
other people Is, In Stubbs, unimpeachable rectitude.
Not alone ln the above respect, as
witness the following, in his own
". . . there are Individuals, not altogether outside our ken, who would appear to desire the phrase, 'a house divided against itself,' to apply with special force in our organization."
Compare the foregoing statement
with this:
"Our worst crime seems to be that
of opposing the candidate of the S. P.
of C, who was nominated by the
Lethbridge Local after I had taken the
trouble to explain to their secretary
tbe possibilities in the Lethbridge seat
for organized Labor, and for the Socialist Party, and done it specifically
for the purpose of arousing the prejudice It did occasion."
"After I had taken the trouble to explain" is rich; as who would say: "I
am his uncle, and when I open my lips
let no dog bark."
The emphasis ls mine. The "Welsh-
by-God" style of rhetoric might mean
what lt reads, but let us be charitable,
and assume that a more discriminate
choice of relative pronouns and of
conjunctions would render his meaning
clearer. The indignation at an imaginary attempt to disrupt tbe II. M. W.
of A. does ot harmonize well with the
confessed attempt to disrupt the S. P.
ofC. •
However, neither that snake wriggling, nor opposing the candidate of
Lethbridge Local, is the worst of their
crimes. The most treacherous feature
of the whole business was the attempt
to hand over organised labor to the
dominant Capitalist Party at a time
wben that party waa In dire need of
That is the real issue; tbe only ls-
buo. The Liberals, because of the
Great Water Ways Film Flam, feared
defeat. By enlisting the services of
trusted Trade Union officials, one or
two Beats might be saved, and 'twas
doubtless figured that one or two were
absolutely necessary.
Just prior to the previous Alberta
election an effort was made along these
lines; lt failed, for reasons we need
not go into with too great scrutiny.
One reason, good and sufficient for
our purpose at least, was that the Socialist Party was proof then, as lt is
now, against the slimy methods of capitalist politicians. Here is a copy of a
letter addressed to a Trade Union Official late In 1907:
"Dear Sir: The Liberal Association
desires to ask at what time you would
be In any of the Pass towns, namely,
Frank, Blairmore, or Coleman. An
early reply would greatly oblige."
Several months later the same person received the following from the
same source:
"Dear Sir: I have been requested by
 to see you with a view to find
ing out the possibility of an amalgamation with your association for political
purposes. . . ."
There Is more, but these extracts
will suffice. As they say In patent
medicine ads., "Names furnished on
application." Here was a deliberate
attempt to corrupt organized labor, at
a time when It did not appear very
necessary. And if Stubbs, Jones & Co.
have sought to deliver the goods on
their own initiative and for sweet
charity's sake, at a time when such a
consummation waa so highly desirable
and positively necessary they show
themselves less practical than the loquacious muddle-head that ran against
O'Brien, W. B. Powell, former President of District 18.
This garrulous old Imposter, whose
Ideas are almost as consistent as the
coloring of the chameleon's hide, has
been appointed by the Liberal Government to take charge of a train equipped with mine-rescue apparatus for
operation in the Crow's Nest.
It would be Interesting to know why
Stubbs "took the trouble to explain"
anything to a "row of perennial political jumping jacks," a "small body ot
faith healers," who are "devoting their
energies to the propagation of a paradoxical idea of an industrial paradise,"
—did they not develop these characteristics until after they turned his precious scheme down?
But to proceed further Into the maze
of contradictions would be "enormous
folly and isbor to no purpose."
Coming from one who has passed
from Marxian Socialism to Syndicalism, and from that to Laborism, the
"explanation" is explainable. Rut we
can with profit examine the position
he takes in regard to Marx: "Marx in
his Communist Manifesto points out
that the Socialists are the most resolute section of the workers, and they
do not form parties separate and
apart from the other working class
p-M-ties and that they devote their energies to pointing out to the workers
at all times the road that should be
travelled. But then Marx was not acquainted with Borne of the members of
the S. P. of C, who boastfully aver
that they could not now subscribe to
the Manifesto."
When we consider that Stubbs, during the last few years has jumped from
Marxian Socialism to Syndicalism, and
from there to Laborism, we can understand why the Manifesto should be
quoted by him, tn his dilemma. Does
he know it was written by Marx with
the special object of making it acceptable to those three sections of toe
working class, typified at that time, by
Latin Anarchists, Teuton State Co-operators, and Saxon Trade Unionists,
together with the Communists themselves? But that was in 1847. The
object being to get them into one organization and.then show them "the
Insufficiency of their favorite nostrum."
However, both Marx and Engels had
something to say regarding the Manifesto twenty-flve yeara after it was
flrst written. And Engels again, twelve
years later still, and lt is Just possible
their later utterances are of as much
weight as the Manlfeato itself. Anyhow, Stubbs might have given ua what
they did say while he was quoting.
Here is tho text from Kerr's publication : "The Communists do not form a
separate party opposed to other working class parties. They have no Interests separate and apart from the
working class aa a whole. They do not
set up sectarian principles of their own
by which to inane and mould the proletarian movement. . . .
In the various stages of development
which the Btruggle of the working class
asainst the bourgeoisie has to go
through, they always and everywhere
represent the movement as a whole."
By skillfully dropping a few words
It Is wonderful what may be accomplished. It would repay those who
have not yet proceeded beyond the
Manifesto to read "The Civil War In
France," "The Criticism of the Gotha
Programme," by Marx; Engels* "Socialism,1' and one or two other little
pamphlets published much nearer our
own era than was the Manifesto.
It Is singular how these Labor skates
choose from the less vital writing of
Marx and charge a paragraph with the
A Good Place to Eat at
Mulcahy's Cafeteria
137 Cordova Street West
Best of Everything Properly
301 Dominion Building
Tancouver, a. 0.
Is Reading Them
War, What Fort   Klrkpatrlck    $1 25
The Call of the Carpenter, White $150
Origin of Species, Darwin    25c
Riddles of the Universe, Haeckel   25-
Wonders of Life, Haeckel     25c
Evolution of Man, Haeckel     75,.
The People's Bookstore
isa Cordova It, W., Yanooavsr, B. c.
Vancouver Island
(Alberni District)
Labor Temple Bldg.
Vancouver, B. 0.
Phone Seymour 4108
The strike is •till on at site
Queen Mine, Sheep Creek, B.
C., alao Silver Dollar, Balir.o.
All workingmen are urged to
stay away until thla strike Is
North Vancouver
LOTS IN D.L. 2004
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Canada-India Supply k Trust Co.
H.  RAHIM,  Manager-Director
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HASKATOON       -       -      -      SASK
A World Review of Socialism
By the hem wrltera In Eurotx mil
America will be found In Till:
NEW REVIEW Which dcnls In an
authoritative way with nil pinion
of Soclailnm—not for agitation,
hut education. Pulillnhed monthly.
$1.00 per year; Canadian lubscrlp-
tlona, $1.20. Send 10c for a sample copy.
150 iumu ■*.
in York City
entire Marxian Philosophy. Some even
a ,-entence suffices.
But enough has been said to show
that we have nothing new In thla com-
promise movement. The name old
tricks and the aame excuses. Tli" les-
son stands out is ever. The salvation
of the working elsss depends upon !l"'
working class alone. The growth ol
knowledge and tbe Increase of exploit-
atlon must impress the class nature of
society upon the workers. To Imnase
the class consciousness of the workers
nnd to point out that upon a Btrlctly
class line-up In every particular d>
pends the ultimate success of tin --"■
merged class—that Is our inlaaton
Anyone who departs from that ,ln'
and fosters an alliance with master
class hirelings Is a traitor, oven '■
acting in Ignorance, with or without
When anyone can demonstrate ihe
non-existence    of   the class struggle
Ihey can prate of Laborism
surplus value becomes nn exploded
theory they can speak of bettering our
condltlona within our slavery. WhJ"n
materialism cannot be traced an -he
dominant factor In human affairs, w*8
may believe in their vugarles
Out not till then.
.1. ll.
(Continued*from Page One.)
Wake up I Cooperate with Your o*
Class, he
the working class, In the flglit -or
ownership of the osscntlnl "«»'*"}
of production, to the end that yo"
benefit -,f
collectively own and d<
manage the same for the
the only useful class In ho. let y ^
working class. Then and then
wlll you be able to Inhabit tn«
without being forced to Burrend-"
fifths of what you collective!:
duce for that privilege.
, «* n-Hs*y*mmm •sw-hWj


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