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Western Clarion May 24, 1913

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Array Owned and controlled  by  the
Socialist  Party
of Canada
Published in the
interest of the
Working  Class
Compiled From Material Supplied By Juan Moran,
an Active Participant In the Revolution-
subscription Price   ---- .-.	
A brief survey of the historical conditions prevailing In Mexico will help
the reader to appreciate the significance of tbe happenings tbat are making history today. The facts are culled from a pamphlet on tbe Mexican
Revolution by W. B. Owen, English
editor of "Regeneration."
For generations tbere bas prevailed
in rural Mexico a system of land-
tenure tbat might be called Anarchist-
Communism, small self-governing communities, with free access to the land,
free use of tbe water (very important
in a semi-tropical country), free wood
and other raw materials entering into
their daily necessities.
Of the present population of 15,000,-
nun, about 4,000,000 are pure Indian,
8,000,000 of mixed blood, and the remainder of Latin descent. Upon this
society, w(tb all of Its traditions and
conceptions of morals and ethics totally opposed to those of capitalism, is
being grafted the structure of modern
i apltallsm in Its most callous and
brutal form, as embodied in the operations of tbe huge American and British
trusts. With tbe accession of ex-
President Diaz to power came the invitation to international capital to
•wade in." The history of thje downfall of feudalism and the dispossession
of the peasantry in Europe was repeated, with none of tbe horrors omitted. Forcibly deprived of the lands on
which they and their fore-bears had
produced a living, not luxurious it is
true, but fully up to tbe standard of
their simple requirements, the Mexican peasantry were banded over to the
tender mercies of the "Gringo" capitalist, to be exploited to tbe limit in
the mines and factories, and tQ tbe
no less brutal exploitation of the Mexican land-holder, to wear out tbelr lives
on the huge sugar, hemp snd tobacco
plantations, the creation of which had
been rendered possible by the eviction,
in many Instances of the very aame
unfortunates who were now doomed to
cultivate It for the -profit of those who
had 4«wU^,ft|Si«f4t
It was not tb be expected tbat the
i. bangs would be meekly submitted to,
and it was not. Old traditions die
hard, and the present turmoil in Mexico Is tbe dying agony of the old
Mexican communism.
To impose its Institutions on an out
The Conflicting Capitalist Interests.
There are two antagonistic capitalist
forces struggling for the exploiting,
privileges In Mexico. On tbe one*
band ls the group represented by the
Rothschilds, Morgans and great English interests, who are today using
Huerta aa tbelr tool, and on the other,
the Standard Oil, Guggenheims, etc.,
who were using Madero to gain their
ends, Huerta, acting in the Interests
and probably under Instructions from
his employers, succeeded in putting
Madero "out of the way." Madero's
place bas been taken by a capitalist
politician named Venustiano Carranzo,
who haa dubbed bis following "Tbe
Constitutional Party." He bas a much
less following than Madero, for the
peons realized that they were fooled
by tbe latter.
A freak reform party led by Emillo
Vasquec, a lawyer, having for Its object tbe cutting up of the large estates
and renting the pieces to the peons,
has made its appearance, but is already Innocuous, and has a negllble
The Revolutionary Parties of the
Two parties, each representing different economic sections of tbe workers ln Mexico, are now negotiating for
the amalgamation of their forces. They
are tbe Communistaa, led by Emlliano
Zapata, a former peon, and repressing the agricultural laborers (peons
proper), and the Liberal Party, beaded
by Flores Magon, now in gaol in the
United States, held there at the convenience of the American Interests.
The latter party Is the expression of
the modern Socialist movement, and
has for Its platform the abolition oi
capitalism and the collective owner
ship of the means of production and
Revolutionists In Control of Five
These two parties are in complete
control of five states in Southern Mexico -Morelos. Guerrero, Puebla, Telax-
cala and the state of Mexico aud partly
of the Federal District and Durango.
Here they are producing for themselves all the commodities tbey need,
the land, mills, mines and factories
working, and the railroads transporting
the products to where they are needed.
■fl-bwn form of society capitalism needs j Nothing that would have to be sent
a strongly centralised form of govern-! out of the country is produced, as It
ment. This, with Its network of laws i would have to be confiscated by the
liased on a conception pf property . enemy on the outside. The only money
rights utterly foreign and repugnant needed Is for the purchase of ammunl-
to the conceptions of the vast bulk | tion, and little mining is done. Sugar
of the population, and unintelligible to caneg have been rooted out and maize
t hem, was Imposed, upheld and en- ' and chilis planted instead, those being
forced by armed forces recruited from ! staple necessities in Mexico,
the most ignorant and brutal portion ' The previous owners, their officials
of the population, who have justified j and hangers-on, have prudently left the
their selection by the most unheard-of I country,
brutalities practised upon the disarmed |    Whatever truth there may be ln the
nnd helpless peasants. The Mexican,
true to his Indian blood, detests the
soldiers, bates the tax-gatherer, and
luoks with profound suspicion on all
those wbo appear to be getting a living without occupying themselves
with productive labor.
Since the Inception of modern capitalism in Mexico history records a
long series of armed revolts on the
part of the peons against the usurpers.
The revolts have been repeatedly end
ruthlessly suppressed, but they continued and are continuing today.
They manifest themselves in the
form of strikes, in which pitched battles tun place between the strikers
and the military, and In guerilla warfare, the leaders ln which are referred
to In the capitalist press as "bandits,"
but who are In reality no more bandits than was Wat Tyler, or John Ball,
the leaders of the peasants' Insurrection In mediaeval England.
Forcibly shot out of a feudal system
of production, In which ownership of
the land Is the guarantee and assurance of existence, it Is but natural
that the resentment of the peasantry
should take the form of a struggle for
the re-capture of the land, and this ls I
the goal for which they are today;
striving. Only twenty per cent of the I
revolutionists can read and write, and culation of 150,000, sounds a warning
hut few of them have any conception! as to the growth of Socialist thought
of scientific Socialism, founded as It Is ] amongst the workers, and recommenda
on machine production, which has not j religion as the safest antidote. Con-
vet attained a dominant position ln ] trary to general belief, the peon ls
Mexico.   The cry of "The land for the j not under the sway of religious super-
reports In the American press of starvation ln Northern Mexico, has no
bearing on the territory in the south.
The town stores are supplied by the
agricultural districts, mills, etc., and
the products are free to all who need
them. Most ot tbe railroads burn
wood for fuel, and there ls no difficulty
in operating them.
The Demand For Intervention
With alt these contending forces In
the field, the power of the Huerta government is crippled, and the American
interests Involved ard creating,
through their subsidised press, a demand that the American government
Intervene, "and restore order." A recent despatch, however, stated that the
British interests had secured the recog
nltlon of the Huerta government by
the English government. This Implies
that the forces of English capital are
prepared to back up the Huerta regime
and also it paves the way for the
launching of a loan to the latter, by
which the loyalty of their mercenary
soldiery can be retained. It has fallen
off considerably of late, owing to the
fact that they have received no pay
for the last two months.
The Growth of Socialist Sentiment
The paper "La Naclon," with a clr-
cultlvator" Is the keynote of the present revolution. As to how far the revolutionists are assisted by a middle
class (if any exists ln Mexico) we aro
not prepared to say, but the present
struggle has marked resemblance to
the struggles of the fourteenth and
fifteenth centuries In England between
the barons and the peasantry. It Is a
fifteenth century tragedy enacted on a
twentieth century stage.
stltlon. Religious organizations have
been barred from Mexico for forty
years, and it is only recently that the
Catholic church has secured a foothold.
With the inevitable victory of the expanding forces of capitalist production
will come education. At the present
time, out of the population of 17,000,-
000, only about 4,000,000 can read and
write, 300,000 can read but not write.
Forced by the demands of their sys-
Buenos Aires, April 23.—According
to tbe announcement of the results of
the elections held ln Buenos Aires province, the Socialists elected one sen*-   hold up the price of a commodity, but
tor and two deputies to the Argentine
legislature.  The Radicals elected ono
deputy.   In other words, the Socialist* .' great questions, this bas been solved
secured three of the four seats to be
The elected senator la Manuel
Ugarte, and the deputies are Mario
Bravo and Nicolas Repetto.
Ugarte is a well known writer and
an eloquent orator. He has repre-
sented the Argentine Socialist party at
the International Socialist Congress.
Bravo la the secretary of the Sodai
1st party and haa been the able editot
of its official organ. La Vanguardla.
guardla and is one of the best knows1
Socialists in Argentina.
In the general elections of last year,
the Socialist party won two bents la
the House of Deputies, electing Juanl
is   the   translator   Into   Spanish   of i
Marx's "Capital." The present victory
doubles tbe Socialist representation In
sentation in the Senate for tbe flrat ,
The result of the election baa created a tremendous sensation.
"When the supply of a commodity
ls greater than the demand the price
goes below value." It has been often
'•-atated tbat production is curtailed to
you cannot get rid of the overproduction on the labor market.    Like all
at last, and the wage plug wlll soon
! be in a position to demand  bigger
JL man has Invented a bullet tbat
not on,y wounds or kills, but puts
you to sleep in any event for about
twelve hours. How nice thla must
rf'vooa to yoU Boy Scouts, soldiers and
-".•-efton? Tne modern armies are to
be followed up with crematoriums,
and nobody need be too particular
with you slaves, as you are not much
Repetto Is the manage- of  La Van-  *ood to the •nMtep clatta as cripples.
They must have the Attest to do. their
We deplore the enormous waste
Vila*. Is to be practised ln time of
war, and wonld suggest that tbe stink
B. Justo and Alfredo Palacola.   Juato   ,,rt ta **,rtTen by ,on,e power that
,       ,. _ ,.sm   nao   human   tin-UAH   for   fuel,    nfl
can uae human bodies for fuel, as
'sleepy" ones can always be used to
get up steam.
the House and gives the party repre- ,    ib™ te,no need for "yone ***
out of employment, as we have solved
this problem that has vexed all tbe
statesmen of Europe.
You may be tbe next for the "stink
reart," so vote with your class to abol-
' ish the need for one, as pensions wlll
All self-respecting workpeople want
the beet of food, the beat of clothing,! not be necessary in the future,
the best of housing. C. T. W
I^ast week an anti-alien land bill
introduced In tbe legislature of California for the purpose of debarring thi
Japanese from owning or leasing lam
The bill la undoubtedly by tbla time
law, as neither Republicans, Democrats
or Bull Moosers are making very stren-   cisco, of course those former cities
No matter
uous objections against it.
what differences of opinion they ma-***; their objections. While the immigrants
have on high and low tariffs, trui
and woman suffrage, they are aim
unanimous ln excluding tbe Japs fi
monopolizing tbe land
This anti-Asiatic movement, howe*****
er, is not, by any means, peculiar to
California itself, as every state and!
province from Mexico to Alaska have'
....j, .-U.    . . ,...*rHf>
In view of the favorable
situation on the Island with
all the coal miners idle the
B. C. Executive have despatched Comrade T. S. Cassidy to the scene and if sufficient aid is forthcoming will
keep him in the field indefinitely. For this purpose a
fund is now opened to which
all Socialists who want to
see the brand of education
disseminated by the Socialist
Party of Canada presented
amongst the miners of the
Island (who have hitherto
been in common with their
fellows in the Crow's Nest, in
the front rank of the revolutionary movement in Canada) are urgently requested
to contribute and to solicit
for. Cumberland Local No.
70, S. P. of C, has promised
to give all the energy at its
command (and that is inexhaustible) to help things
along, but considering that
they have been on strike for
eight-months, and have nothing but their strike pay, financial aid could and should
not be expected from them.
It is up to the Socialists of
Canada in general and of
B. C. in particular to see that
sufficient funds are forthcoming to accomplish the
purpose stated. Comrades
on the Island can help by
giving the organizer free
lodging when possible.
All contributions should be
sent to The Western Clarion.
Comrade Reld is the first
to lead off.   Who's next?
Reid, J., Vancouver $2.00
at various times devoted their attention to settling similar problema. But
now that the Tokyo politicians have
threatened to patronise steamship lines
to Seattle and Tacoma, at no matter
what cost, and thus boycott San Fran-
may be depended upon to withdraw
tern of production to bave an educated
working class, the capitalists will be
compelled to educate this nation of
illiterate revolutionists, and thus, by
their own act, produce and train those
whose historic function It will be to
dig the grave that is to swallow their
Given these elements, it is to be expected that ln the space of a few short
years after the country has been "pa-
silled" (a la Warsaw) the Mexican proletariat will take Its place in the front
ranks of tbe International.
Capitalists take great Interest In
the workers, but still greater Interest
out of them.
from Japan could be
Uaed to Advantage
by the monied interests of the United
States and Canada, tjhey were, no
doubt, a model Importation, something
that was essential to "our future
growth and progress." Wben section
bands were required on the great
trans-continental lines It meant quite
V "rfc^tRM •«~TW^*t1»ilieg-W*leT
them for eighty cents instead of one
dollar per day. When American cltl-
xens, who wanted to maintain the
standard of living up to the Plimsol
line, were forced to strike in order to
test their inferiority, what could be
more acceptable to the Industrial magnates than a surplus reserve-army of
Japanese who would reduce the
standard of living and still do the
work without making any protest?
Yes! Only a Few Years Ago
when the Importation of Orientals
commenced, this was the pleasant situation. White labor could at that time
holler their heads off, and follow the
action of the English workers when
printing machines were Invented to
replace themselves. But all to no
avail. The investment of capital must
be made safer. The returns on capital
must continue , to be greater, even
though the white man should, like his
Indian predecessors, become extinct.
But things change, and what was
supposed to be splendid policy at that
Doean't Look ao Fascinating
Just now.   Everything didn't work out
in detail exactly as they had it figured.
In short, tbe Japs put it all over
them at short notice. These captains
of Industry were not students of history. They never noticed the wily and
subtle moveB that distinguished the
Japanese in the war with China some
eighteen years ago. They paid no
heed to tbelr actions ln China during
the Boxer outbreak, or later In the
war with Russia.
No! financial magnates are not ne-'
cessarlly students of anything that
does not contribute to tbe well being
of their stock speculations, or that
doesn't show them a cheaper and more
scientific manner of embalming beef
and mixing paper with leather in the
manufacture of shoes. So the Japs
They were patient and Industrious
slaves at first. They worked cheap and
took every advantage that strikes afforded to secure the places that white
men were forced to vacate. But this
procedure waa not adopted for an Indefinite period; they were merely
marking time, and, on many occasions,
they went on strike themselves. Unlike their brothers In adversity, however, they seemed to know when to
strike. So well in fact did their tactics work that in the last few years
whole settlements In the famous Sacramento Valley and other rich farming districts were forced to sell out or
lease their lands, and this was precisely what the Japs wanted. Their
interests In the one state of California
Thoughts Suggested By a Recent Press Dispatch—
What Will Happen "When The Workers
Visit the Shirkers?"
(Continued on Page Pour.)
A use has been found for kings! Not
an original use, It is true, nor yet, taking the ordinarily accepted meaning of
the term, a very "kingly" one. Somewhat more desirable than some former
uses which they have been put to and
less patently absurd. It is pleasant to
note that Our King has taken to his
new functions without protest. This
should be an excellent example to
those lesser workers who strenuously
object to new labors betug demanded
of them.
I became cognizant of the above astonishing facts through reading a news
item headed:
"A Royal Cure for Labor Unrest"
wherein we are informed that King
George and several nobles toured the
Potteries; (in Justice to them let it
be known 'twas "a hurried tour") and
"came In close touch with tbe working
"The Working People!"
I can Imagine that when Macauley's
hypothetical New Zealander stands
upon the ruins of London Bridge and
views the lone fisherman mend his nets
upon the banks of the historic Thames,
he will be greatly exercised to know
what claaa of animals comprised these
same "working people."
We are Informed, further, that "the
King and Queen enjoyed themselves
thoroughly," wbich no one would care
to deny. The Queen asked one girl if
she did not flnd the work tiring, to
which the girl replied, "We don't like
It." The decadent nature of modern
society is here apparent. To think
that our Queen should descend to
speak to one of her humblest subjects,
and the subject not drop dead at her
royal feet is bad enough, but the subject to have the temerity to say she
didn't like her work! God's wounds!
'Tis enough to make this old earth
"Shift her pole, and Mushtari men another falling star to see."
The Item concludes as follows:
"It has been commented upon by
labor newspapers that the King and
Queen, coming from the throne "to mi'ri"-
gle with the nation's workers, are more
useful in calming labor unrest than are
the efforts of Parliament."
From which we are warranted in assuming that their usefulness in this
particular is on a par with their usefulness in curing tbe scrofulous victims
of a few centuries ago by touching
tbem with their kingly hands. The efforts of Parliament are not directed
(generally) toward calming labor unrest, but rather ln controlling it.
Yet these Royal visits could easily go
Infinitely farther toward keeping a
slave class diligently at work than any
previous efforts of Parliament, and no
doubt we may see the "cure" extended
to all branches of labor. It is quite
possible the King and Queen may be
utilized in strike-breaking—not in the
orthodox manner, of course, but in
"coming from the throne" to mingle
with "the working people." And "those
terrible Lloyd-Georges" and others who
so destroyed the House of Lords are
quite capable of putting tbelr monarchs
to work between such occasions for advertising their wares and towns, as
King's deaths, marriages, coronations,
There is no reason to doubt the slavish tollers of today would be Influenced
for a longer or shorter period by the
advent of the King and Queen in their
midst. But me-tbinks this Royal cure
would have to be sparingly applied.
Familiarity is said to breed contempt,
and certainly would In this case.
Balzac ln his "Wild Asses Skin" tells
of a man who came Into possession of a
particular wild ass's skin endowed with
magic finalities. The possessor could
have his lightest wish consummated by
appealing to the fetish, but upon the
granting of each wish the skin shrank
somewhat, and when shrunken entirely
away the devil appeared for payment,
which was the wisher's soul. So that
every time the powers of this marvelous fetish were Invoked lt brought the
user nearer to a decidedly undesirable
Had the great Frenchman, foreseeing
the use which monarchs would ultimately be put to. undertaken to write
a warning against the experiment he
could hardly have hit upon happier
Consternation in the midst of pomp
has long been characteristic of the
working people." It has been wovon
In their "muddy vestures of decay" by
ages of penury and toll, when to appear before their "betters" with other
than halting gait and whispering humbleness was an extremely hazardous
undertaking. "To order themselves low
ly and reverently before their teachers,
pastors and masters" has been stamped
upon their youthful brains by precept
and example, and upon their manhood's
mind by imprisonment, torture and
death. Yet ln spite of all, occasions
have arisen when these same servile
slaves have cast aside all trammels of
restraint, trampled upon tradition, and
increased the death-rate of the "upper
Kingly smiles cannot overcome the
Inherent love of offspring which pervades most animal life. Kingly visits
may gladden the heart of some old cottager whose life has passed In servitude to the lordly, but In the presence
of desperation roused by the primeval
tifsire for life, kingly visits would result in an accident to the King. Life,
which all sentient forms desire to retain, no matter what the conditions of
existence, so that life be Insured, they
will fawn and slave and toil, but when
fawning and slaving and tolling no
longer insure life, they may have to
adopt other means which will.
And the occasions upon which the
"working people" took these other
means have not been pleasant for the
"shirking people."
Each visit from the King and Queen
would render another visit less efficacious until Its usefulness, like the wild
ass's skin, would shrink to nothing,
there would be the devil to pay—and
what then?
"The Royal Cure for Labor Unrest"
will doubtless give relief for a while.
But there is an ever-increasing number
of the "working people" who are not
disposed to "drink of yon mirage
stream, and chase the tinkling of the
camel bell." To extend this minority
should be the mission of every class-
conscious member of the "working people." To so swell the number of those
who regard life as a struggle against
slavery imposed by tjie "shirking people" upon the "working people" that
'he "working people" may soon be powerful enough to visit the "shirking people."
When the "shirking people" visited
the "w-irking people," the shirking people thoroughly enjoyed themselves. Ths
"working people" did not.
When the working people visit the
shirking people, the working people
will thoroughly enjoy themselves. The
shirking people will not.
—J. H.   ,
The growl of the Albertan Conservatives about the Sifton government
sounds much like the wall of the "gone
and nearly forgotten" Liberal bunch of
B. C. about the McBride administration.
And being respectable British "objects," with a strong moral sense of
British "Justice and Duty," we rather
think that if half of what has been
said of Sifton's gang in Alberta, and
of "Dicky Mac's" In B. C. Is true, then
neither bunch should ever see the outside of a penitentiary any more.
But what should we say of the fool
workingman who constantly Jumps
from one to the other of these outfits,
waves his hat In the air when his own
pet bunch of robbers has been planted
in close proximity to the pie counter
which he himself has laid, and then
has chance for bitter reflection when
the foot h" hits kissed hands him down
a little kick some time afterwards.
And still these same workingmen
will affect to be seriously Interested In
the silly slavertnga of the slimy Sifton,
or the bull like bellowlngs of the belligerent Dowser and the marvellous
machinations of the matchless McBride.
In the mother country of the greatest empire the world has seen, imports
and exports have increased enormously, and figures of all kinds have been
adduced to prove to the worker that
he belongs to the most wealthy nation
under the sun.
Thus the great Lloyd-George, in a
speech recently In London, referred
to "our" great Increase in trade, and
stated that tbe Britisher was the most
efficient artisan on earth.
So we would Imagine from the
aforementioned imports and exports
but we incline also to the opinion that
he must be about the cheapest brand
of slave that peddles his commodity
anywhere on the world's market today.
Also the wily Welshman, dear little
(Continued on Page Four.)
- ■■■' PAGE TWO
Published every sUturday hy tbe
-Socialist Party of Csns-.dk at tb* offlce
of Th* W*«t*rn Clarion, 510 Main St.,
Vancouver, B. O.
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months, 20 cents for three months.
In tl. S. single subscriptions 11.00 per
Strictly la Advance.
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if you receive this paper, it ls paid
In making remittance by cheque, exchange must be added. Address all communications and make all money orders
payable to
516 Hala stt. Yan**ouver, a. O.
791 Watch the label on your paper. If
t-mm this number is on It, your sub-
serlptlon expires with the next Issue.
SATURDAY  MAY 24, 1913
Commencing with thla Issue, The
Western Clarion will appear every
two weeks. Subscribers at present on
the list will receive their proper number ot copies, as contracted for under
tbe 75c yearly basis. On and after
the first of June next the subscription
price will be raised to one dollar per
year, an Issue every two weeks, and
tbe bundle price to locals will be
raised to two cents a copy.
These advances are rendered absolutely necessary if this paper is to
continue, and the executive anticipate
no objection from the party membership to the decision they have arrived
Assistance haa been secured (gratis
at present) ta attend to tbe circulation
department, and in this connection we
have an announcement to make.
Premiums will be offered for sub.
rustlers on the marks system. Every
aub. rustler who sends in 60 yearly
subs, will have the privilege of selecting books to the value of six dollars
from C. H. Kerr ft Co.'s list. No time
limit will be set. It may take some
comrades three months to do il, others
aa many weeks, but when a comrade
has reached the mark by sending in
fifty yearlies he can claim the premium. Two six-month or four three-
month subs, will count as one yearly.
Every yearly sub. sent ln will be
credited with one mark, a slx--nonth
sub. with a half-mark, and a *hree-
month a quarter mark. With this Inducement to seqjir: a library of Socialist classics the circulation ought
to jump right ahead. If it does and
the paper becomes a source of revenue,
an extra page w.ll be added, but the
two-weekly issue maintained until all
possibility of failure as a weekly has
Those comrade3 wlic wish tc enter
the campaign lor clrculavon on this
basis will please mark th.* sub. cards
or lists of names sent In "P M." in a
circle. Money must accompany subs
Accounts will be kept of all subs, sent
ln by comrades wno do this, and notification made when tbe premium *s
due. Orders for the book: selected
must be sent In to the office of The
Western Clarion trom whsnes ihey
wlll be forwarded to Kerr's.
All the assistance in their power
will be accorded the rustlers by the
management of the paper, and negotiations have been entered into with
Comrade Jack London for permiss'on
to run one of hla best works a-* a
serial. It will be fiction of course, I I
of a kind that drives home the mor.-l
the Socialist Party of Canada is constantly pointing out—the necessity of
the workers capturing power. This
will make lt easier,to get subscribers,
and tend to remove tbe charge tbat
the paper is too dry for the beginner,
without sacrificing any of tbe principles of which the Party's educational
campaign ls based.
Comrades who are going ln for the
premiums are requested to send ln
their applications for sub. cards at
once, ln order tbat they will have them
on band by the -first of June.
As the next issue has to be paid for,
it is hoped that they will not relax
their efforts in getting subs, on the
old basis, and reserve all their energies for the flrst of June.
SATURDAY   MAY 24. 1913
The following results have reached
us from outside sources:
Alexandria—Anderson (S.), 207;
Conservative, 478; Liberal, 470. This
ls the flrst time a Socialist has run
in this constituency.    .
Red Deer—Paton (S.), 268; Conservative, 314; Liberal, 137.
Rocky Mountains — O'Brien (S.),
1008; Conservative, 1085; Liberal, 513.
Little Bow—Budden (S.), 124; Conservative, 204; Liberal, 721; "Independent," 202. This is another' place
where the Socialist Party made Its
flrst appearance.
Cotton's Weekly of May 1st contained tbe following paragraph, mod-
eatly hiding Its head in an obscure
corner of the paper. We,hasten to
rescue it from oblivion, and give lt the
prominence it deserves:
"Socialist Party Turne Down Amalgo-
"A referendum with a view to uniting the Socialist Party and the Social
Democratic Party ln British Columbia
wag recently suggested by a couple of
8. P. locals. The Provincial Executive Committee,. 8. D. P., approached
the Executive of the S. P. requesting
a like referendum among the S. P. The
proposition was turned down. The
S. P. members, If they wish to bring
about unity, will have to take the
Initiative over the heads of their
Tactics, my boy, tactics!    Sh-h-h-h!!
Perhaps tbe reason tbe masters object to revelations of capitalism is because they realise tbat of necessity it
muat be indecent exposure.
Received for O'Brien's Campaign.
S. T. Humble, Bellevue, Alta....$   8.00
F. J., Coleman, Alta  5.00
D. T., Passburg, Alta  7.00
Hillcrest Local, S. P. of C  9.00
R. C, Bellevue. Alta  1.00
O. J., Bellevue, Alta  3.00
C. J., Bellevue, Alta  50.00
P. Wheatley, Bankhead, Alta... 10.85
PaBsburg Local, U.M.W.of A.. 25.00
Wm.  Graham,  Coleman,  Alta.. 60.00
Park Local Union, U. at. W. of
A„  Canmore,  Alta  21.25
Mrs.  C,  Bellevue, Alta  2.50
Passburg  meeting,   April   11th
(collections)  9.30
Smith of Fernie  5.00
Slavonian Socialist Local, Hillcrest,  Alta  10.00
Bellevue   meeting,   April   13th
(collections)     10.45
Ukranlan   Socialists,   Bellevue,
Alta  16.25
Hillcrest, anonymous   1.00
Hillcrest   meeting,   April   13th
(collections)     9.50
A. Lindley, Creston, B. C  2.00
Geo. Watson, Winnipeg. Man... 2.00
John A. Beckman and Lundell
Bros., Alta  2.00
Bellevue Local, Alta., U. M. W.
of A.   50.00
Wm. Graham, Coleman, Alta.... 100.00
Dave Reed, Coleman, Alta  9.00
Bankhead  Local  Union,  Alta.,
U. M. W. of A  25.00
Collections at Banff meeting.... 15.00
Comrade Jones, Laggan, Alta.. 5.00
Collections at Laggan meeting.. 8.60
Comrade Shire, Seebe, Alta  5.00
Comrade Julie. Calgary, Alta.... 5.00
Comrade from Pig Island.,.  5.00
Comrade Scotchman, Passburg,
Alta  5.00
Total   $502.70
Total received to date $502.70
Further contributions will be acknowledged later, also a statement of
L.  E.  DRAKE,
Official Agent.
By tbe latest reports to hand, the
workers of this province, Alberta, bave
no representative in the legislative
Assembly, and this state of affairs is
brought about by the apathy of the
slaves. All tbe forces of capitalism,
without the help of the workers,
could not have deprived us of a voice
in this assembly, but we find on every
hand slaves paying every attention to
their masters' business and very little
to their own, seemingly content with
their condition to the non-observer,
bu growling like beans because someone does not lead them out of bondage.
When will you wake up to the fact
that your freedom depends not on your
neighbor, not on the trade union movement nor on the Socialist movement,
but on yourself? Come, now, shake
off those chains,' those old ideas of
worrying about your masters; they
don't give any more thought to you
than they have to. You are ao foolish
you don't give any thought to yourself.
Those that deserve help are those that
try to help themselves.
You don't want a Moses, but a Bismarck, who would with an iron hand
proceed tp stamp out all signs of revolt among the slaves by stopping
their meetings, and throwing those of
the slaves who take an active part in
the flght for freedom Into jail, or sending them into exile.
You might be excused under the rule
of a Bismarck for hanging back, for
not attending the meetings of your
local, or taking no active part In the
movement, but no excuse can be put
forward tbat can hold water by you
now, for the master claas will get
everything out of your hide it is
possible to get, so long aa they get
surplus value, no matter if you be a
slave ln revolt or a slave hugging
your chains.
Get busy, you slaves of Alberta.
Every apparent defeat la a victory, but
let us show a front to the masters at
the next elections, that, in the words
of W. T. Stead, "will stagger humanity" by capturing the Legislature of
All you slaves who are not afraid,
and want your freedom, get together
so as to capture the Olds riding at the
next election. NOW is the time for
action. Address ah communications to
VIOLA WOOD, Secretary,
Local Innisfail No. 3,
"B.C." stands for British Columbia,
the land of Big Capital and of Bribery
and Corruption. Workingman, Be
In each Saturday's Issue of Vancou
ver's great daily, The World, a certain
amount of space is devoted to the printing of certain literary effusions, wl.ich
emanate from the pen of a certain
local celebrity, known as "Doc" Curry.
We might remark in passing tbat the
"Doc" is not a very bad sort of fellow
when you know him, in fact, he strikes
this humble scribe as being pretty decent. But full as he undoubtedly is
of good intentions, in my opinion, his
knowledge of Socialism is.as conspicuous by its absence as his unbounded
enthusiasm is by its presence. Thus
ln last week's contribution to the "paper that prints the facts," he tells us,
under the heading of S. D. P. Items,
that " 'Impossibilism' Is doubtless a
specific microbe of tbat Infantile paralysis which is today putting the S. P. of
Canada and S. L. P. of U. S. out of business. Some of its logical products)
are known as syndicalism and anarchy.
We are not all 'scientific' enough to
sit down and wait for the revolution."
Now, personally, I would take no
notice, whatever, of the various "random rsmbllngs" that appear from time
to time In the aforementioned column,
but I seriously think that such a misstatement as the above should not be
alloweu to pass unchallenged. From
whence the learned doctor obtains his
interesting information we cannot imagine, but would advise him ln the future to be more guarded in his statements. He may take it from one who
knows that the S. P. of C. was never
In better condition than at the present
time. Of course we mean in quality,
not necessarily quantity, for we admit
that a certain amount of the "quantity"
portion of the S. P. C. has migrated at
various times to the S. D. P. of C-
Besides, if he means that the program of the S. P. of C. which has for
its one and only objective tbe overthrow of the wage system, ls "impossibilism," then we would ask that he
study the definition and the derivation
of various terms. For, if this objective
which we have in view Is impossible,
why prate about Socialism at all, seeing that a Socialist ls a person who
understands Capitalism, and stands
alone for Its overthrow.
Further, the remark that syndicalism
and anarchy are the 'ogical outcome of
this "Impossibllist" position, is ridiculous, for anyone who has seriously
studied either the syndicalist or.anarchist movement, knows full well that
it haa grown out of a misconception of
the present system, coupled with the
same unbounded yet misguided enthusiasm, such as we may now observe in
our friend, the "Doc."
Again, if the doctrine of the S. P. C.
is "Impossibilism," then the realization
of their ultimate end, as expressed ln
their platform, must be impossible too;
and this is really what Socialists are
fighting for, viz.:
The overthrow of the present Capitalist system, nothing more, nothing
The S. P. of C. are not willing to
"sit and wait for the Revolution" either, and this can easily be seen by the
recent campaign waged in Alberta, and
by the many meetings held all over
Canada, for the one purpose alone, 1. e.,
the education of the working-class to a
sense of their position in society today.
In conclusion, we may remark that,
the "Doctor's" confession that they
wen not scientific enough to wait until
a thing comes, was quite unnecessary.
We have told them the same thing ourselves, but that is another story.
The Dally Graphic, Saturday, April 5,
1013. devotes one full page ta a call
for help from "The British Federation
for the Emancipation of Sweated
In the article referred to it Is stated
that funds will be used to equip a
building for the training of sweated
girl workers for "domestic service."
"This noble work of freeing the
younger female victims of the sweater
Is being carried out by the British
Federation for the Emancipation of
Women."" Candidates nominated from
the sweated areas of London will be
received into the Institution immediately lt Is ready, and In this matter the
Church Army and Salvation Army have
been Invited to nominate suitable candidates." The girls are not to be
trained and placed Into homes of
their own, but are to-, enter domestic
service.   How  nice!
It Is rather a peculiar circumstance
that the gentlemen at the head of this
Institution are not aware of the fact
that there is already a "Fed-*ratlon extending over the whole civilized world
for the emancipation not only of
women, but of the men and little
children as well.
This "World Federation" proposes
to really free, and not make-believe,
all those who are held In bondage by
the present system of production, so
that instead of entering the service
of a stranger, and simply changing
their form bf slavery, men and women
for the first time ln hlBtory will stand
forth free. , 0. T. W.
As capital continues to concentrate
into fewer hands, with the perfection
of the machine process, the position
ot the working class becomes more
and more acute, forcing a mental
awakening to the delusions and bluffs
which the dominating class has found
so advantageous to them lu the past.
I noticed in a capitalist paper where
the society belles are forming leagues,
antituberculosis societies, and discussing the abolition of this disease over
their pink tea spreads. Dressed in
the latest Parisian creations, these
dear little creatures, with their sweet
little Ideals! Their very position,
their fine silk gowns and magnificent
jewels, even tbe good things they eat,
are being extorted from child labor,
or sweated labor, which Ib the fundamental cause of the very disease they
would bluff us to believe they are going to exterminate.
Then we have the "Woman's Council" going to solve the problem of the
feeble-minded persons, Inquire Into
the cause and have It removed. In
this respect we are heartily with them,
for by removing the cause they remove themselves.
They who have no property have no
interest. In fighting wars. They who
have property won't flght them.
The disclosures made In the German Reichstag by Comrade Carl
Llebknecht re the armament manti-
tarturers' conspiracy to arouse national antagonism, by having agents
In France to create artificial war
scares, assisted by the press and subsidized government papers, was to enable the governments to enact their
gigantic naval and army budgets, so
that they can dispose of their murderous wares. Such acts as these are
Ihe great factors ln creating war, and
after the war has commenced these
companies will probably furnish a Red
Cross contingent as a discount on the
deals they have made with the contesting powers. These acts are
thrown before tbe public, and the
dark deeds covered up.
Socialist Patty Directory
Socialist Party of Canuda, mei'ts flrat
and third Sunday*, 3 p.m., ut 616
Main St.    J. H. Burrough, Secretory.
Executive  Committee,  Socialist  l'urty
of Canada meets Bame an above.
Socialist Party of Canada, meets -every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt BL Anderson, Secretary, Box 647, Calgary.	
ECUT1VB, 8. 9. of O., Invites all comrades residing In Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organisation matters. Address D. Meatman,
32 Muln St., So. Hill, Moose Jaw,
Committee: Notice:—This card Is Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" interested In the Socialist
j movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
Secretury, 'J. D. Houston, 493 Furby
St.. Winnipeg.	
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada, |
meets every second und fourth Sundays ln the Cape Breton office of the
Purty, Commercial Street, Glace Bay,
N, S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box
491, Oloce Bay, N.S.
LOOAX. VANCOUVEB, NO. 69, 8. 9. of O.
Headqun iters, Labor Temple, Duiis-
mulr xtreet. Business meeting on first
of every month at 8 p.m. Secretary,
J. McMillan, Labor Temple. Vuncou-
ver, B. C.	
local ~ra*uixa, "a. ***•'. ox c, bold
educational meetings In the Miners' 1
Union Hall every Sunday at 7:00 I
Business meeting third Sunday In each I
month. 7.30 p.m. Economic class ev- ]
ery Sunday afternoon at 2:30. Albert!
10.   Hurt,  Secretary,  Box  139.
8   p. of c-i-uHim " iSStma"^J?
second Sunday of the m. ,,11, , Iev',|'.v
put-andi, meeting evS?y^rSCrti.^f«,',"'"-
open to everybody a |^m JM *tSfy'
Temple at 2 p.m. Hwr,L,»"'' -f*pt
Schagat. Box iSm,      °*-'-r'-la|y.    John
LOCAL   VANCOUVEB.    B    O     il     7""
Finnish.      Meets    every'  s.'eon?.0,   46'
fourth  Thursdays   in  thi  Si "'"'
J^ender St. East.    &fflift«
Miners'  Hnll  nnd fjpsra Hotias   Pr', , *'
ganda meeting* at s ,*n\ Z,,£' "",*
and third Sundays of the month   K* 'T
ness meeffnirs on ThutSi """ !.„, '"';
following -propaganda meetings at «
Organiser, T. Steele, Coleman All.'
Secretury, Ja*.-, Olcndonnlng V,v iV
•nlemnn Altn. Visitors may rlie?}.'
Infor-nutlor, nny day nt Miners' I ,,*
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box 68 foe
man. Alta. ' l0|e*
LOCAL BBBtOtnom, ALCA.. No. 1   ■
. fjf 0 n,.Hd«„.art.-r« «■>■. First's,'
Business nnd propaganda meetln*
every Wednesday at 7.30 p.m. t„ani
n„r rending room Is open to the pi 1.
lie free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. .i,,,"
Secretary, J. AS. Bmith, («» Firrt
8t| Organiser, W. Stephenson.
-if (.—Business meeting everv Sal,*'
day evening nt 8 o'clock at the head
qUSrUr*.    I34    Ninth   Ave.   West      i
LOCAL »«0X»a"n*o. 6, BABX, MEETS
every Sundny, Trades Hnll. 8(10 ,,,,7
Business meeting, second Friday x
P m„ Trades Hall. W. B. Bird. Sen
Del.. Secretary.
Mexico at the present time offers a
good object-lesson of capitalist competition. Ex-President Diaz and his
party have played the tyrant—long
condemning and confiscating the property of their opponents and others
nntil revolution was inevitable. Had
the other party been In power, lt
would, in all probability, have been
the same, for throughout the history
of Mexico, as ot any other country,
revolutions have always worked out
to the benefit of the dominating class.
Diaz would no doubt have carried on
his tyrannical dominance longer, but i
the capitalists of tbe U. S. did not 1
feel secure, and they wanted their
Share of plunder out of the country, 1
which is probably the richest ln the
world In natural resources. So they
took advantage of the opportune time,
scattered the seeds of revolt, nnd
then started their humanitarian cry
In the States when the revolution
started, to arouse the public sentl-
ment to send the army into Mexico,!
stop the revolt, and form some alliance with Mexico that would secure
their capital on a firm basis.
But apparently the TJ. S. army ls
busy shooting its own men, for if
there was a true return made of the
action of these men In strikes in the
States, tt would eclipse the Mexican
LOCAL BOBBLAND, Bo. 85, B. P. of C, I
meets In Miners' Hnll every Sunday at I
7.30 p.m. E. Campbell, Organiser.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 126. Finnish branch meets In inlanders' Hall 1
Sunday* at 7.30 p.m. A. Sebblo, Secretary,   Box  64,   Hossland.   B.  C.
LOCAL MICBEL. B. C, No. 18, S. P. Of j
C, holds propaganda meetings every
Sunday ufternoon ut 2.30 In Crnlian's
Hull. A hearty Invitation Is extend- |
ed to all wage slaves within reach ut
us to attend our meetings. Business
meetings nre held thc first and third
Sundays of each month at 10.30 n.m.
In the same hall. Party orsunlsers
take notice.    T. W. Brown. Secretary.
P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays of
each month.    B. F. Qaymnn. Secretary.
headquarters and reading room 575
Yates St. .Business meeting every
Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meetlns
Sundny. 8 p.m.,  Empress Tlieatre.
No.   61,   meeti.   every   Friday   night   ul
8 o'clock In Public Library room.   John I
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen, Or-|
gun Izer.
C. Business meeting every Sunday.!
afternoon nt 2:00 p.m. In Socialist I
Hnll opposite Post Oillce. Economic
clttsses held Tuesday and Friday. 71
p.m. Propaganda meeting every
Sunday, 3 p.m. Headquarters; Social-1
1st Hall, oposlte post office. Financial \
Secy., Thorrjas Carney: Corresponding!
Secretury. Joseph Naylor.  |
LOCAL VANCOUVEB Bo. 1, B. 9. of C.
Business meeting every Tuesday eve-;
nlng   nt    Headquarters.   213   Dusting.-* j
st. Kast.   H. ltniiim. Secretary,
S. P. of C. Meets every Sundav hi
3:30 p.m. In Miners' Hall. Secretary
Sam Larson, 1411 3rd Ave. N. wm'
Devoy. Organizer.
Business meeting and economic class
1 very Wednesday evening at Com I)
McMillan's. 32 Main St., 80 Mill Proii-
Uganda meeting every Sundav, 8 p m
nt the Hex Theatre. Secretary Win'
Hnrrl«on, 106 Maple St. Organizer A
8, P. nf C. — Headquarters, Labor Temple. Business meeting everv Satin-
dav. 8 p.m. Propaganda Meeting every Sunday at 8 o'clock In the Dreamland Theatre, Main Street, Secretary
_lt. ('. McCutcheon, S7 Ulgmar St.
LOCAL OTTAWA NO. 8, 8. P. of C—
Business meetings the nrst Sundav in
month In the Labor Hall, 219 Bank
Street, at 8 p.m. Secretary, A. Benen-
nohn, 2S1 Laurier Ave. Organiser,
A, O. McCallum. Recording secretary.
Wm.   McCallum.
meets Sundsvs at Socialist Hall, earner St. I'rt'iiln und Prime Arthur St-*..
al 3 p.m. Business meeting. Wednesdays, S p.m. Secretary. Ph. l'auglinaii,
P. O.  Box  H8, Station B.. Montreal.
tlme—Headquarters in Raksaln ink .
Commerchu Bt Open every evening.
t.iislness nnd Propaganda inciting at
headquarters every Thursday at 8 p.m.
Harold O.   Itoss.  Secretary.   Ii,,\  f,nf,
of c. Headquarters at Miner-' Hall
Hn.slnesfl meetings every first and second Sunday in the month. N, Ii
Thuchuk. Secretary, Box 167, Canmore.
Subscribe for The Western Clarion.
Empress Theatre       Juan Moran Speaker
Vancouver, B.C.
8 pm
In Red Deer, the Socialist candidate
was. defeated by the narrow margin of
18, out of a total vote of 743.
The Dominion Executive huie the following literature for sale. (Published
by  the party.):
To   Individ-
Locals    nuls
per 100 a copy
Manifesto  S.  P.  of C $8.00      10c
What is Socialism?'   «.00      10c
Social!-m and Unionism*  1.00       Ec
25c per dozen.
Struggle  for  Existence*  1 00       Be
-.'5c per dozen.
State   and   Government*  1.00       Be
26c per doz-n.
Value. Price and Pront*  2.00       6c
30c per dozen
* Express charges added.
To Executive
Locals     Committees
Due Stamps   10.10 |0.06
Platforms,  English 26 .20
Platforms, Foreign 60 .40
Hues Cards    1.00 .80
Constitutions       1 Vic each     1.00
(Above prices per 100)
Receipt  Booka       .Ot, each      .SOdoi
Warrant   Books   25 each     I.BOdoz
Buttons (party)   1.60 doc.       S.OOdoz
do. to Individuals 60 each
has the following cloth-bound books on
sale.    Make all money orders payable to
J. N. Smith, 213 Hastings St. E., Vanoouver,  B.  G.
Capital, vols. 1, 2 and 3 $2.00
The Eastern Question  (Marx)  2.00
Critique of Pol. Economy (Marx)... 1.00
Ancient Lowly, vol. 1 und 2 (Ward)  1.60
Ancient  Society   (Morgan)  1.6(1
Materialistic Conception of History
(Labrlole)      1.00
Philosophical  Essays  (Dletzgen)  1.00
Industrial     History     of      Knglund
(Rogers)    2.00
Students'   Marx   (Avellng)  1.00
BO-cent Books
Science and  Revolution   (Untermann.)
The World's Revolutions (Untermann. >
Socialism   Its   Growth   und   Outcome
(Bax A Men-la.)
Socialism  for Students   (Cohen.)
Evolution of Property (Lafargue.)
Right To Be Lazy,  Etc.  (Lafargue.)
Class Struggle (Kautsky.)
Militant  Proletariat   (Austin  Lewis.)
Making of the World (Myers.)
End of the World (Myers.)
Value, Price and Profit  (Marx.)
Revolution     and     Counter-Revoliitlun
Memoirs of Karl Marx  (Llebknecht.)
Origin of the Family  (Engels.)
Socialism, Utopian and Scientific (Kn-
Germs of Mind In Plants.
(Prices Include express charges)
Socialist Party of Canada
We. the Socialist Party of Canada, 111 convention assembled, alllrm
our allegiance to and support of the- principles And programme of thi
revolutionary working clans.
Labor produces all wealth, and to Ihe producers It should belong
The present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership 01
the means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong
to the capitalist class. The cupilulir.1 Is therefore master; Ihe worker
a slave.
So long as Ihe capitalist class remains In possession of the reins
of government all the powe:s of the State will be Vised to protect and
defend their property rights In the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist -ostein gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure ol
misery and degradation.
The interest of 'he working class lies In the direction of settlnu
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transforms
tlon of capitalist property In fie moans of wealth production Into col
lectlve or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of interest between tbe capitalist and
the worker is rapidly etilmlnullng in a struggle for possession of Hie
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to semre li
by political action.   This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon nil workers to organize under tbe bannei
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with thc object of conquering t'1"
public powers for the purpose of setting up und enforcing the economii
progiamine of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist prop
erty In the means of wealth production (natural resources, facloriet-.
mills, railroads, etc.) Into the collective properly of the working class
2. The democratic organization and management ot Industry h.'-
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production foi
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when In office shall always and everywhere
until the present system Is abolished, make the answer to this que**
tlon its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance U»
Interests of the working class and aid the workers In their class Strug
gle against capitalism? If It will, tbe Socialist Party Is for It; If H
will not, tbe Socialist Patty Is absolutely opposed lo It.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges llsell
lo conduct all the public affairs placed In lis hands In such a mannei
as to promote the Interests of the working clnsB alone.
Vs OWN"    lAU<t*RS"
Curtis &usHBL0SS<f
..a*ST w B.C.. CIO**'
5 Yearlies- $3.75
10 % " 4.00
20 %    "       4.00 SATURDAY MAY 24,  1913
This page Is devoted to reports of Executive Committees, Locals, and
General Party Matters. Address all communications to J. H Burrough
Secretary, 616 Main St., Vancouver, B. C. ourrvuBO.
Write on one aide of the paper only.
Do not put the words or lines too close
together. Do not abbreviate your
words. If sending more than two
sheets, number them consecutively,
leaving a margin on the left side for
the purpose. Do this, and we will rise
up and call you blessed.
Vancouver, B. C.,
May 2, 1913.
Convened at 516 Main Street, at
8.0 p.m.
Present: Rahim, Pritchard, Connor,
Held and Secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting adopted as read. Correction ordered made
in published minutes, Clarion No. 715,
under heading of "Bills": "Printing
and mailing Clarion No. 715, 1199.50,'
to read "1100.50."
Correspondence dealt with from S. P,
of O. B. (published): C. H. Kerr & Co.,
u. Harris, organizer Local Kenora,
Ont.; O. It. Dennis, Champion, Alta.;
S. Mark, Reglna; Wm. McQuold, Edmonton; Raymond Tune, N. Z.; M.
Lighthouse, Hamilton; Pb. Faughnan,
Montreal; W. B. Bird, sec. Regina
Local; T. W. Green, Gooding, Sask.;
Ii. A., Toronto; C. M. O'Brien, Calgary;
T. Mellalieu, Brandon; Alf. Budden,
Lethbridge,and Local Vancouver No. 1.
Secretary Instructed and correspondence Hied*.
Bills—Typewriter supplies, 11.00;
second Instalment on typewriter,
$10.00; stationery, 25c; P. O. stamps,
$1.84; Dom. Express Co., 99c; tele-
--rams, $3.60; rubber stamp, 60c; Kerr
& Co., 30c; literature. $6.00; total,
$24.68.   Warrants ordered drawn.
Clarion account.—-Printing and mailing Nos. 718, $87.85; 719, $87.50; total,
$175.35.   Warrants ordered drawn.
Secretary reported Comrade Gribble
would start on his tour to the East on
Wednesday, May 7th.
A special meeting of the Dominion
Executive had been summoned on
April 27th for the purpose of electing
a new treasurer in place of Comrade
J. B. Cassidy, resigned. Comrade H.
Hahim was elected in bis place, and
Comrade Reld appointed to audit the
books of the retiring treasurer. Reports accepted and actions endorsed.
Comrade Reld reported Com. Cas-
sidy's books in order. Reported accepted.
New Business.—Secretary stated
object of calling the meeting was to
consider the position of the Western
Clarion. The receipts from all sources
did not cover expenses, and publication
was constituting a crippling strain on
Hie finances of the B. C. and Dominion
Executives, Saskatchewan was the
only province showing activity In getting subscribers, and the number in
that province was growing fast, owing
to the energetic action of the locals
and individual comrades. Alberta was
very slack, only a few Individuals and
one or two locals sending in subscriptions and money for the Maintenance
fund. The list for the Eastern Provinces and Ontario was growing
slowly. A revenue of at least $100.00
per week was necessary to continue
as a weekly, and 't was not coming in.
He recommended that the paper be
issued every two weeks until the receipts justified resumption as a weekly.
After discussion, the suggestion was
stamps, $2.00;   C.   G. Johnson, dues,
$2.00; C. G. Johnson, literature, 90c.
Adjournment to May 9th.
Vancouver, May 9, 1913.
Convened at 516 Main St., at 8 p.m.
Present: Reld, Pritchard, Rahim,
and Secretary;  Reld In the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting adopted as read.
Correspondence dealt with from T.
Mellalieu, Brandon; D. McMillan, sec.
Sask. Executive; V. P. Morgan, Kitscoty, Alta.; Sam. Larson, sec. Local
l-ethbridge; A. A. Cronk, Dowling
Uke, Alta,, and R. Walker, Cumberland, B. O, Ixscal.
Bills.—Dominion Express Co., 90c.
Warrant ordered drawn.
Clarion matters were reviewed, and
after discussion It was decided that on
and after June 1 the subscription price
be raised to one dollar per year, fortnightly publication to continue until
the financial situation improved. A
system of prizes for sub-rustlers was
evolved, and special features of the
forthcoming Issues discussed.
Financial Report
Receipts.—Clarion subs (May 1-9),
$45 05; Clarion Bundles (May 1-9),
$1.25; Clarion Directory, $2.00; Clarion
Fund (Maintenance), $32.65; total,
Expenses.—As per warrant, 90c.
Adjournment to May 16th.
he able to harmonize with their bosses,
and you would think by all this that
Inequality did not exist; but we saw
on a paBt occasion the respectables
mingled with the Orientals in a masked ball, an Instance that could not be
omitted, and which has never occurred
The employers and their officials are
going to give a display that has never
been seen before, with flag-waving and
gorgeous fireworks, and all kinds of
entertainment; and, furthermore, there
will be a prize given to the one that
has the best decorated automobile, and
which will furnish one of the best
events of the day, as the competition
will be so keen among the workers,
owing to the fact that they all own
automobiles (!!!)
But this day  will soon  go out of
existence, as far as representing anything to the working class, for they
are beginning to realize that it is noth-
j ing but a day that is forced upon them
by the ruling class in order to retain
'and uphold their position as parasites
j at the expense of the working class.
The day the workers want to cele-
ibrate is the day tbey throw these
j leeches off their backs and are able to
j step forth free; and the opportunity
| will be there for they who do the
world's work to enjoy the things that
they produce.
Yours in revolt,
B. H.
Balance in hand, April 29..
British Columbia
McNey, J. F $ 2.00
Johnson, C. G    1.50
$ 9.97
lx*cal Moose Jaw No. 1    1.00
Grant to Clarion account $14.47
Balance In hand, May 1 $00.00
Balance in hand May 2	
British Cojpmbia
Johnson, C. G $ 1.20
Bennett, R 60
Jenkins, J 60
B. Ia. 3    2.00
Ritchie, Wm.  25
Local Cumberland No. 70..   6.50
Local    Vancouver    No.    1
(Assessment)      12.50
Manson,  Andrew    1.00
Local      Victoria     No.     2
(Assessment)      10.00
Convened as above.  Reld In the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting adopted
as read.
Correspondence from Com. T. S. Cassidy, Nanaimo, considered, and organization matters on Vancouver Island
discussed. On motion by Com.
Pritchard, seconded Reld, a warrant
of $10.00 was ordered drawn for Com.
Cassidy for expenses in connection
with the coming week on the Island,
and secretary requested to issue a call
for contributions to an organizing fund
for the purpose of keeping Comrade
Cassidy at work on Vancouver Island
while the present exceptionally favorable opportunity for education and
propaganda lasted.
Financial Report—Nil.
Adjournment to May 16th.
i McKinnon,  A	
Ferguson, Peter 	
iMcGlllvray, A. V	
Ed. Clarion: The first of May bas
come and gone, and the workers all
over the civilized world were congregated together, all showing their delight in recognizing the universal
holiday, on which they gave voice to
their feeling of revolt at capitalist
The workers In Cumberland began
their demonstration by getting together
and then the history of the day was
given and class solidarity was
preached by one of the Reds. Then
began the procession through the
and secretary Instructed ac-|8treets, showing the public that the
day is the one that the workers recog-
Secretary  submitted  bills  from  H. nice as their day.
M. Fitzgerald nad C. Lestor for ser- j    The procession ended at the City
vices rendered In the Alberta elections, .park,  which    has    been  cleared   by
Accounts ordered   forwarded   to the strikers, for the company had taken
Alberta Executive, with request that
Alberta and Dominion Items be
Financial Report
Receipts.—Sec. Ont. and  Que., due
si amps, $5.00.
Expenses —As per warrants. $210.93.
Adjournment to May 9th.
Convened as above. Reld In the
Minutes of previous meeting adopted
as read.
Application for membersh I pat-large
°f C, G. Johnson accepted.
Correspondence dealt with from
Parker Williams, C. O. Johnson, T.
Hyde, J. F. Johnson, sec. Local Ender-
by No. 65, and Wm. C. Field.
Secretary instructed to obtain from
the secretary of Local Vancouver No.
f>9 n statement of the actual position of
the Ixical and requesting proof of Its
Financial Report
Receipts. — Local   Enderby,   dues
Socialism and the Survival bf the
J'lttest will be Issued In pamphlet
•orm. It will be put on the press
whcn sufficient advance orders have
Been received to Justify doing so.
Price, $2.00 per 100, 25c per doz.
■"■Ingle copies, Be.
Subscribe for The Western Clarion.
every precaution they could to prevent
the celebration taking place. They
even den'ed the people the opportunity
of meeting on any of their property;
but the scheme did not work, and the
day was spent with everybody having
a swell time—except one unfortunate
couple and their child, who happened
to take In the picnic. They lived on a
part of the company's land, and when
thoy returned home the hirelings of
the company had
Taken Possession of Their Home
and denied them the right of entering.
It goes to show that there is nothing
that these despicable people won't resort to In order to gain their own ends.
The next thing we notice is that the
241h of May ls going to be the great
day, for the employers have got together and drawn up a programme that
will excel any that has previously been
held up here. On past occasions It
was necessary that some of the
miners should canvass the mines In
order to get sufficient money to make
it a success; but this time there is
easy money to be spent In prizes, and
It Is plain that the employers are going the limit In order to Induce the
faithful ones to stay with them. Those
that profess to be respectable citizens,
with all the other bourgols morals, are
showing their hypocrisy In maintaining the position of liberty-loving people while doing the bidding of their
employers, no matter what lt be.
On this occasion there will be no
class-demarcation; all employees will
In conjunction with, and as a part
of the great international movement
of labor, Victoria Local No. 2 celebrated May Day in right good style.
In parts of Europe this all-Important
day is set aside as one on which to
have parades, etc., through the streets.
Where the workers have been edu-
catd to the significance of May Day
as the International holiday of labor,
these parades are probably the correct expression of the working class
and its aspirations. However, until
such time as we can count on the
strength and intelligence of the
workers here, we will have to be
guided by the best material we can
muster to our Bide. Not having sufficient numbers to parade the streets,
and by that means giving the masters
a slight conception of our numerical
strength, we did the best that lay in
our power. Knowing from experience
how few are the material pleasures of
the average wage-worker, it was decided that a dance and refreshments
would give us recognition as partners
with our European comrades in being
fully alive to the hopes and aspirations of the workers of the world.
With  this  end   in  view,    Serople's
Hall, Victoria West, was hired for the
occasion, and tickets to the value of
50c  each  were  got  out  and  sold  to
whoever would buy.   By 9 p.m. of May
1st the crowd was large enough for
the M. C. to call each to select their
partners.   All those  who    were    not
sufficiently schooled in the intricacies
of the light fantastic toe were asked I
to hie to the    gallery,    where they I
found much better vantage to view the
merry throng.   While   many   of   us I
could not personally enjoy the danc- \
ing, all the same much pleasure was i
felt In the fact that others found em-!
joyment for a brief spell, and that we
Socialists were partly responsible for
that fact.
There were many present who had
come with the sole purpose of hearing j
J. H. Hawthornthwaite. as be had been j
advertised to speak.    When the dancing   had  been  in   progress  about  an
hour, the M. C. called for a breathing!
spell, and introduced a little girl of
some   five   summers,   Miss   Rondeau,
who recited a poem composed by her
mother.   The able and fluent manner!
in which this recitation was delivered
called for much applause.
The ex-member for Nanalmo was
then called upon to say a few words. I
In the course of a short address of j
some ten minutes duration he said he
recognized that on this particular oc-|
casion we had not assembled to listen
to any exponent of Socialism only.
They had come there essentially to:
enjoy themselves for a few hours.!
Since last he had been In their midst
he had been having quite a good time
at the expense of the powers that bo.
In conversation with members of the
capitalist class, the latter had never
appeared to care about doing some-
tiing; the talk had always centred
around doing somebody. He laid much
emphasis on the necessity of the
workers acquiring knowledge through
their class organizations of the structure of society. Such knowledge,
when possessed, to that extent
became power. Touching on the
remarks he had heard the previous
evening by on? of the speakers at a "Peace Society" gathering,
he stated that only when the
workers got Intelligent enough to
know their own Interests would we
have peace as opposed to war.
The attention and applause which
greeted the close of his remarks gave
evidence of the appreciation both of
the speaker nnd his address.
By this time all who felt Inclined to I
replenish the wants of the Inner man!
were called forward to do so. To I
many of us It did our eyes good to
view the varied spread. We noticed I
that tho bachelors In  particular did-
Bal. in hand, May 10 $35.90
Clarion Publishing Account
Printing and   mailing   No.
719  $87.50
Editing  10.00
P. O. stamps (foreign singles)    45
Subs $15.80
Bundles       2.25
Ads       4.00
Directory     1,00
Literature      1.55
Grant   from   maintenance
fund     14.47
Grant from general fund... 58.88
Sec. D. E. C.
Ed. Clarion: In reference to "Clarion" sub-cards which were forwarded
to me recently, 1 wish to know if you
sent them as a donation to our Campaign Fund, or whether you intended
me to sell them as your agent. What
do 6 mo. cards seli at?
We are very grateful to you for the
bundles of Clarions forwarded, and we
used them to good effect.
As you will already know, we lost
the election in Alexandra, and even
lost our hard-earned deposit. However, we were not expecting much, as
a year ago it would have been hard to
rake up two dozen reds here. Now,
however, there are 200, all of whom
voted for the real stuff.
We were looking for a small vote, as
it is right in seeding time, and we
thought thereby to save our fl ne. However, the slaves got excited over our
putting a man up and over the A. C.
and W, deal, and with both machines
drawing heavy on the campaign barrels a big vote was soon polled.
We have some satisfaction, however,
in busting up the Liberal machine by
letting in thc Conservative and
thereby creating some opposition such
as it ls.—Yours fraternally,
If sub rustling needs any Incentive,
here it is, you rustlers:
From the first of June, the sub rates
will be $1 per year, 50 cents half year,
and 25 cents quarter year. Get busy
before the price Ib increased.
The finances of the Dominion Executive Committee should be sufficiently
known throughout the Dominion to the
membership of this organization, without it being elaborated upon here.
Hence, the necessity of the Increased
A scheme has been suggested by a
comrade, whereby sub rustlers are enabled to build up a library of their own
or if they already have one, to add substantially to it. The suggestion is to
be acted upon. .Here it is:
Each and every rustler who succeeds
in obtaining 50 marks will be presented
with $6 worth of literature, the winners to choose their own books, of
1 yearly sub to count 1 mark.
2 half yearlles to count 1 mark.
4 quarterlies to count 1 mark.
Remember this ls not closed when
the flrst one reaches 50 marks, but Is
open for each and every one, irrespective of the time taken to accomplish,
what is to some comrades an easy
The following are a few of the boys
who have been at the "front" this
i 12m 6m 3m
W. B. Bird, Regina, Sask      1     1
C. G. Johnson, Carmi, B. C...10 1 ....
W. McQuoid, Edmonton, Al. 5     3   ....
C. M. O'Brien, Coleman, Alta. 5   	
F. O. Shier, Kananaskis, Al. 4   	
G. A. Faulkner, Blondheim "   3    	
V. P. Morgan, Marwayne Al. 3    	
H. Dalglelsh, Victoria, B. C... 2    ....     1
H. Kirwin, Toronto, Ont  2   	
J. Brereton, Edmonton, Alta. 2   	
V. Frodsham, Calgary, Alta... 13     3
A. E. Faulkner, Conjuring Cr 2   	
J. H. Burrough, Van.. B. C... 1
D. Thomson, St. Caths., Ont. 1   .
D. Miekle, Calgary. Alta	
Colin McKay, St. John, N. B	
G. Borland, Montreal	
H. Collingwood, N Battleford 2   .
J. E. Jones, Palmer, Sask	
M.   Lighthouse,   Hamilton,
A. G. McCallum, Ottawa  1    .
D. Thomson, Moose Jaw	
W. Wilson, Vancouver	
The P. O. has returned tbe Clarion
addressed to Mrs. B. Seers, Stettler,
Alta.   Reason—not called for.
tame level as in the older countries.
The trades union as a weapon for
the workers in their struggle against
the master class ls becoming more
and more Ineffective, and the only
party In existence that can meet the
needs of the people is the Socialist
Party. So long as the workers tinker
about, begging for reforms, so long
will they remain in the degrading position that they are in at the present.
All the reforms that have been passed for the supposed purpose of bettering the conditions of the workers,
have left them in the same or worse
position than before. The only reason that the capitalist parties dole out
these reforms is to try to patch up
the present system, which is fast decaying.
It Is high time that the workers got
busy and organized themselves as a
class on the political field, with the
object of capturing the reins of government in order to transfer the ownership of the means of wealth production from the Idle parasite claas
who now hold the title deeds, to the
working class. As soon as the workers take thiB action the master-class
will throw reforms galore to them, in
order to hoodwink them and stave off
the coming revolution.
So to the workers who are In a
| hurry to get something, I say: Join
the Socialist Party of Canada and
take an active part In the flght for
the overthrow of capitalism and slavery and hasten on the co-operative
commonwealth, when we shall have
production for use and not for profit,
and the worker will cast oil for ever
the stigma of slavery, and receive the
[ full social value of his toil.
With best wishes for our valuable
paper, I remain,
Yours in the scrap,
Secretary Moose Jaw Local.
Upton Sinclair tells this story about
a school address he once made.
"It was a school of little boys." said
Mr. Sinclair, "nnd 1 opened my address
by laying a five-dollar bill upon the
" 'I am going to talk to you boys
about Socialism.' I said, 'and when I
finish the boy who gives me the best
reason for turning Socialist will get
this itve-dollar bill.'
"Then I spoke for some twenty minutes. The boys were all converted at
the end.   I began to question them.
'"You are a Socialist?' I said to the
boy nearest me.
" 'Yes, sir,' he replied.
'"And why are you a Socialist?' I
"He pointed to the five-dollar bill.
'Because I need the money,' he said."
"We do not take possession of our
ideas, but are possessed by them: the^
master us nnd force us into the arena,
where, like gladiators, we flght for
ample Justice at the festive board.
Besides the great variety of edibles,
the tables wore tastefully decorated
with flowers, which added much to
the beauty of the event. As usual
with such occasions as this, the women
comrades had to bear the brunt of the
work In getting things ready and presentable. In fnct, as in past occasions,
wherever the writer has been, the
success of the evening has depended
\Vholly on the women comrades.
Hunclng continued till 1 a.m., after
which all wended their several ways
thankful that May 1st, 1913, had been
celebrated In a manner befitting the
J. C. T.
Ed. Clarion.—Enclosed find money
order for $4, which is for Clarion
Fund, $2.25; card in the Clarion, $1;
and one sub. for Clarion, 75c.
At our last business meeting the
Comrades instructed me to send a
letter to the Clarion so as to let the
Comrades at large know that there is
n bunch of live slaves in Moose Jaw.
who are putting up a strong flght
I against the rule of capital.
We recognize that the only method
j we can adopt so as to hasten on the
j downfall of the present wage-slave
system Is to -educate the slaves and
organize them on the political field,
and with this purpose in view we
hold a propaganda meeting every Sunday night in the hope of trying to Instill into the minds of the workers a
desire  for knowledge.
I may say that strong efforts are
being made by some of the religious
bodies to stop our Sunday meetings,
and the method they use is to have
a few words with the mauager of the
theatre we rent and then we receive
the order to quit. We are now occupying the third theatre, and this week
we received notice that we will have
(c find another to carry on our meetings. We are not dismayed, as the
opposition against us shows that we
ere doing good work and they are
trying to stop it.
I see that Calgary Local is in the
same position, and they have Started
street speaking, and I suppose that
we will soon have to do the same.
A great need at present in Saskatchewan is an organizer, as there are lots
ol places where locals could be formed if there was a good man in the I
field. Of course, we know that we
will get one as soon as the funds will
The majority of the workers in this
city are C. P. R. slaves, and they
seem to have the idea that they own
a steady job. and that is about the
hei.cht of their intelligence. Of course
they are mostly all good trade unionists, and that Is about all one can say
for them. Their brains have been so
moulded from childhood with slave
ethics and education that they can
imagine nothing better, nor anything
rise to be achieved, except a good
steady job and plenty of work; moat
of them work seven days a week and
howl about the prosperity of Canada.
The prospects in the slave market
this year do not look very bright to
the average slave, as jobs are scarce
nnd the capitalists continue to ship a
■*ood supply of commodlty-peddlera
from all the older countries. As each
year passes we see that the position
of the workers in Canada Ib becoming more and more precarious, and
they will soon be forced down to the
Several members and friends of
Vancouver Local No. 1 held a picnic at
Gibson's Landing, on Sunday May 4th,
leaving Vancouver about 9 a.m. on the
S.S. Chrystella, and arriving at Gibson's wharf about 11.15.
Met at the wharf by the comrades
of Gibson's Landing Local, who are
certainly a very entertaining bunch,
the party wended their way for about
two and a half miles to Comrade
Hintsa's field. The children and "she-
comrades" of the party arrived at the
rendezvous aboard the wagons which
acted as commissariat carriers. Once
there, lunches were unpacked and
everyone made a vigorous onslaught
on the edibles brought with them. An
Ice cream and cake stand on the
ground provided the community with
a certain kind of thirst quencher, while
for the more advanced type, the usual
salubrious syrup of the proletaire was
being pumped from a barrel on the
other side of the field. Several races
were run, perhaps the most interesting being the ladies' race, won by
Comrade Mrs. Tomashavksy. This was
a most exciting finish and well worth
traveling far to witness. Other
events for the juveniles and a football game for the overgrown schoolboys made up the sporting portion of
the afternoon's program. Com. J. A.
Maedonald had been billed to give an
address to the gathering, but something happened to prevent the versatile "Mac" from turning up, so Com.
W. A. Pritchard, better known to his
most Intimate acquaintances as "Willie
Arthur," was dragged from his peaceful slumber upon the greensward, to
mount a 14-foot stump, and deliver
what could be appropriately called a
"stump" speech. Owing to the condition of the aforementioned "Willie
Arthur." the speech was "brief, bright
and brotherly" like a labor-fakir parson's address at a P. S. A. meeting.
However, a collection of $12.75 was
taken, which paid for the cost of the
stump ranchers' wagons, who had delivered the goods from the wharf to
the ground.
This picnic was arranged by the
great team of picnic promoters, banquet boosters, etc., Corns. Jenkins and
Bennett. Credit is due to them for
the manner in which all details of
this picnic were carried out, and one
would almost be convinced of the
soundness of "the attraction of oppo-
sltes" theory when beholding "Jlnk'B"
and "Napoleon" in action on a proposition of this kind, for Jenkin's can be
ensi'y picked out by his wonderful
abundance of avoirdrupols, while Bennett's ponderosity is, or appears to be,
merely of a mental nature. The picnic
was a great success in every way, and
a balance of $6,20 was realized when
the inevitable balance sheet was
drawn, and the picnic-promoting committee, already referred to, turned
this into the "Clarion .Maintenance
This can be taken as a suggestion
for geniuses of other locals to go and
do likewise; organize picnics for your
own social entertainment, hold smoking concerts, etc, and incidentally
make a few dollars to help keep In
existence the only working class paper
in Canada.
Now go ahead In your own locality, a
wink is just as good as a nod—to a
blind horse. W. A P. PAGE FOUR
24,  1913
In thc Bocial production of their everyday existence men enter into definite relations that are at once necessary and independent of their own
volition—relations of production that
correspond to a definite stage of the
material powers of production. The
totality of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society—the real basis on
which is erected all institutional superstructure, whether political or legal.
Methods of production, in our material existence shape all our social,
political and mental evolution in general.
This ls the materialist conception of
history, which was formulated by
Marx. Many slaves who read this article will doubtless have heard some
talk of this historical conception.
Some may have heard it mentioned as
being a pernicious teaching, etc. Possibly it may be, to those who say so,
but to the vast majority of mankind
lt is not pernicious.
The viewpoints of persons are relative to their material interests, and
the conditions under which they live.
For an instance you have not to go
far. You may have heard of "right
and "wrong," "Justice" and "injustice."
What are they but mere platitudes?
Not two persons ln a thousand, who
prate of eternal justice would have exactly the same conception of it. Therefore, these abstractions of ours are
relative to something outside of ourselves. Now, If this ia so, then we
must look to material things and not
our consciences for the solution of our
troubles. On this account I will now
briefly go over the development of society, explaining it, not by unseen
powers acting through the Individual,
but by the methods of producing
wealth, which is the only correct way.
Starting with the First Man Born
into the world, we could not exactly
say that he was an absolutely helpless
creature. He could not be helpless,
because if that had been so, then it is
more than probabe that the human
race, as we know it, would never have
existed. The reason Is very easily
seen. Not only is food necessary for
sustenance, but cunning was also necessary. We must remember that humanity had a severe struggle against
other animals and nature In general,
just as their ancestors had. These ancestors had developed certain characteristics previously which had enabled
them to Burvive more easily. One of
these was the social instinct, and ln
the struggle for existence this has
been a very Important factor. Akin
to the aforesaid characteristic, we
have the parental Instinct, and even
among many of the lower animals we
have this developed to this day for us
to nee. Take as an instance even the
little sparrow. Its young take their
food from the older ones, and in the
case of man, there Is no doubt that
as a child, he did the same.
From this a slow development took
place with his
Necessities Ever Pushing Him Onward
Many things he did not understand
and consequently to him nature was a
mystery. Thunder and lightning scared
him, simply because he did not understand them. If he had seen a huge
machine, he would certainly have felt
the same to it as he did to the lightning.
However, the machine was not for
him just then, and he had no ideas
about It. In the case of natural phenomena that he did not understand, he
-ailed it "God." It was unknown to
«lm, and from that time to this the
unknown has always been God. At
this time, our ancestor was also a direct actlonist. His method of getting
a livelihood was very crude, brutal,
and simple. He had no tools or means
of production, apart from his own
body. Consequently the struggle for
existence was very hard for blm.
Bloodshed, cannibalism and promiscuous Bex-relatlonB were the order of the
day, and his gods took on the form of
being something to fill in a few gaps
of his understanding. He worshipped
ths sun, moon and stars, and all unknown things he attributed to his god.
His dwellings were never permanent,
because he had to travel much to get
his food.
After a certain length of time In this
primitive state, our ancestors discovered
The Use of Fire.
tlons. Hitherto the families were composed of blood relations, but eventually this was gradually modified until
blood-relations were stopped from entering into group-relations across sex
lines. All those who maintained kinship relation were found together in
the common control of their interests.
Another Step Forward
was now made. Pottery was Invented
and animals domesticated. Buildings
of brick and stone were erected and
domesticated animals were used in
industry. Then we had the cultivation
of the ground and Irrigation was started. True, they were crude, but still
they were starts made on the right
path, and they were highly potential
in their possibilities. Labor was still
carried out collectively, but the time
was nearly
Ripe for a Fundamental Change.
Further development brought about
this change. With the herds of cattle
growing in numbers, the development
ln agriculture, and the discovery of a
process for smelting iron, it became
necessary for tribes to acquire permanent possession of territories. The
consequence was that in many cases,
there was war between tribes for the
best pasturage. Inside the tribes there
was also war caused by the development just stated, and along with the
struggles for ownership of certain
lands we see strife between the men
for the exclusive possession of certain
women.   The result was polygamy.
This, however, never really got a
hold, and after a time the beginnings
of tbe modern family slowly won favor to the exclusion of polygamy. One
of tbe reasons of this was because tbe
sphere of production hitherto filled by
women was gradually being
Reinforced by Captured Slaves.
The women, therefore, were gradually being eliminated from the purpose they had been needed for, and
consequently a change in sex-relations
took place.
From this time, progress travelled
fast, comparatively. The great discovery that a man was worth more alive
than dead was the chief reason. Instead of killing him he was exploited,
and from that day to this, he has been
With exploitation we see
The Advent of Civilization.
Slavery was necessary at that time
for progress, and Aristotle was quite
correct when he said that "until the
forces of. nature were harnessed for
the use of man, slavery was necessary." And from tbat time to this,
nature bas been gradually harnessed
until tbe time is now ripe for a change.
Leaving tbe present, however, and
dealing with the past, we see the
greatest development to have taken
place in agriculture. Toward the end
of barbarism a study of the ancient
poets tells us of barley, wheat, oats
and corn, and other articles of food.
They had sailing vessels, a mill for
grinding, sickles, and bouses of stone
and brick. Many other things are mentioned, but space forbids me to mention them. Then came man's subjection to man and civilization. Education was placed ln definite channels..
Alphabets were invented and the master class as they developed, by means
of their education, contributed much
to human progress. Tribes and nations became more consolidated and
stationary as a result of Incessant
warfare. The weakest were subdued,
whilst the strong were made stronger.
Military leaders who were successful,
gradually grew strong in economic
power.   They could see that it was
Easier to Appropriate
rather than to produce. Wars were
carried on solely for appropriation.
The weakest went down and the
strongest made them lifelong slaves.
Monogamlc marriages were now
firmly established. Establishment of
property inheritance, really, was the
cause, and whilst the genua of this
institution had been previously sown,
we can attribute ita permanence to
private Inheritance.
Still, development was taking place,
although it may have seemed slow, yet
it waa necessary, and a part of the
world-progress. Greece and Rome rose
and fell, and other nations took their
places. Cities were formed by economic, and fortified for military purposes. Gradually they came to be the
seat of a power, the greatest that ever
was yet.
Ecclesiastical Feudalism
This was indeed a very great dis-   for centurleB tr|e(-  to keep progrel|B
ccvery, and an opening waa here made
for the flrst division of labor. The
men formed themselves Into parties
and started out on fishing expeditions,
whilst their women stayed at home
watching around the fires. Their
places of habitation became a little
more permanent and promiscuous Bex
relations outside the families came
to a gradual end. Tbe families were
composed of a number of men of one
group, and a number of women of
another group. They were husbands
and wives.
Then Came the now and Arrow.
This  helped  them  considerably  in
their struggle for existence, snd con-
-------lently further changes and modifications took place in their Institu-
back, and as tbe pities developed they
same Into constant conflict. The manufacturers ln the cities (who were really the nucleus of the present capitalist
class), being tied up by feudal restrictions, tried bard several times to
get more power. Several times they
financed the kings in return for political privileges, but tbey still wanted
Then Came the Great Discovery
of steam by Watt, and the Invention
of the locomotive by Stevenson. Foi
lowing these we had a host of other
Inventions, and capitalism was a thriving Infant, out for "the whole cheese."
Enclosure acts were passed by tbe
legislatures, and whilst the wage-mutts
were giving their lives for what was
termed their country, the little country that they hnd any access to at all
was being gradually taken away from
them at home.
This was part of one large transition on the part of the workera.
Instead of Owning Their Toola
for producing their sustenance, they
gradually became divorced from them
and being divorced from the land
meant only a part of the process. Hand
labor was gradually, with few exceptions, put out of competition, and now,
instead of a family working at their
hand looms and spinning wheels, we
see families herded together in large
factories, each doing his or her little
part in wealth production. Machinery
caused an increased
Division in Labor
and production became more and more
socialized. Not only men were employed, but women and children also.
The greatest stain of our boasted civilization was here perpetrated, and
with all our social reform, Christianity
or religion of any kind, we still have
child labor. Never one of these classic examples of extreme hypocrisy
have earnestly attempted to deal with
this question, simply because tbey
themselves were and are growing *".'
on the children's sweat and blood. The
capitalist extorts surplus values from
the defenseless children, and the sleek
smooth, serpent-tongued parson
Weeps His Crocodile Tears
and pockets his salary from the capitalist class.
This picture is black enough to in
diet the capitalist, and hla hangers-on.
but the picture ls really blacker still.
Wben production was on the boom,
and sufficient labor could not be got.
the capitalist arranged certain days
with the overseers of the poor for Inspection of poor children. The strongest of this human merchandise were
selected for a life's hard labor, and
taken to the factories by means of
waggons or canal boats. Traffickers
who bought and sold these children
came into existence, and whilst awaiting sale, they were kept ln most filthy
dungeons or cellars. So awful did conditions become that lt was arranged
often to send one idiot child with a
certain percentage ot healthy children.
You can just imagine the horrible lot
of these idiots and—"God ordered
their estate!"
The hours of labor were 16 per day
and Sunday was a very convenient
day for cleaning the machinery. They
were fed on the cheapest and coarsest
food, and they slept in relays on hot
beds. There was no discrimination of
sex, and vice, misery and disease
Modes of Torture W*re Instituted
and many died and were secretly burled In some desolate spot.
Whilst all this was going on, note
can be taken of the fact that the then
philanthropists were loudly agitating
for the "abolition of negro slavery!"
After a time, however, capitalism,
for its own safety, was forced to lighten the yoke on the slaves. Vice- epidemics, bad sanitary conditions, etc..
etc.. forced them to make provisions
so that slaves would be plentiful, when
the living ones had died out The
hours of labor were reduced, and other
needed reforms were passed. When
Individual capitalists went too far,
then the State, in the interest of the
capitalist class, stepped in, and that
is how matters stand today.
The 8tate Is the Executive
of the capitalist class, and they have
to do what is best for that class, even
if they hurt individuals. And, mind
you. one thing they must watch, and
that is a plentiful supply of wage
slaves must be available.
This Brings Out
what we have said all along, that eight
hour days, better housing, and so on.
are given us because It suits the capitalists. On this account we would
get the reform, whether we agitated
< i not. It is the bosses' business and
none of our-s, and therefore we should
concentrate all our energy on a complete transformation of the ownership
In the means of producing wealth,
which is our business.
In conclusion let me point out that
in all societies that have previously
existed, their institutions and social
relations hsve depended on their mode
of getting their bread and butter. If
you can point out to me a system with
a more hypocritical basis, I will point
out a system where their Institutions
are more hypocritical than even our
churches, social reform and Epworth
Leagues. Their hypocrisy Is dependent on a hypocritical svstem. Demand
or necessity implies existence.
It matters not whether certain mental hybrids say that it Is either "right"
or "wrong."
Necessity Makes Itself Felt,
then we must bave that necessity irrespective of "right" or "wrong." The
only "right" or "wrong" that a Socialist knows Is
Victory to the 8trong
and death to the weak.    By strong,
we mean the best fitted to survivo,
and Socialism will be better fitted to
survive   than   Capitalism  Just   as   a
The steady and persistent growth
of the revolutionary movement of the
proletariat of the world is forcing the
ruling class of every country into a
state of terror at the rapid approach
of the day of reckoning. In no country is their terror becoming more manifest than in the United States. Scarce
an issue of even the most commonplace capitalist sheet comes off the
press without containing some sort of
squaw or shriek In evidence of tbelr
terror. Apology mongers of the professional type; faith fakirs of the sky-
pilot cult; gold brick artists of the
political pattern and the entire job-lot
of capitalist toadies, lickspittles and
hangers on, join in a vociferous chorus
of mournful walls and dire prognosti
cations in their paid efforts to exorcise the terrible shape that looms
upon the horizon of capitalist civilization and threatens to bring to an end
tbe long regime of ruling class pillage,
rapine and slaughter.
Well may the capitalist tyrants of
today tremble at the i roapect. Their
slaves by the million are becoming
awakened to an und err tending of the
Infamies so long practwd upon them,
and their power to bring the perpetration of such Infamies tv an end. They
are going to do so by a peaceful and
orderly process, if possible, but in any
event, they are going to do it, cost
what It may.
The increasing evidence of terror In
the camp of their capitalist masters
should be an Inspiration to the workers and spur them on to renewed efforts in the struggle to strip from
their limbs the ahacklea of wage-bondage. Terror In the enemy's camp is a
good sign.   It is a rainbow of promise.
few weeks we got in touch with several comrades in Wash., who promised
to assist lf desired. The 8. D. P. not
being able to make good once a mouth
we accepted full responsibility, and
made It stick, too. The presence of
many speakers from across tbe line
helped in no small measure to prove
the international object and solidarity
of the Socialist Movement. We do not
think lt advisable to mention the
merits of any particular speaker, but
would like to record the fact that
Com. W. W. Lefaux of Vancouver
closed the breach on three different
cessions by appearing as the speaker
of tbe evening, when others whom we
depended on announced tbey could not
The amount of literature sold ia
A waning interest ln the addresses,
as evidenced by the collections, which
of late have not been paying expenses,
gave us the reason for giving up our
work in the theatre and again starting
on the street corner, (or which we
have received a permit from the
J. C. T.
A Good Place to Eat at
137 Cordova Street West
Best of Everything Properlv
Cooked '
301 Dominion Building
Vancouver, B. o.
Much argument la being advanced
in favor of submerged armor for battleships. It would be better for humanity if the entire naval armaments
of the world were permanently submerged.
(Continued from Page One.)
Itself amount to many millions of dollars besides having enormous holdings
In Washington and B. C. So now, seeing that they have lost in one game,
Tha Buslnesa Element
of the Coast are determined to make
it up by some other means. They still
possess the political £*ower. They
elect the lawmakers to the legislature,
the senate, and congress, and they
also contribute to the maintenance of
an army and navy that only moves in
accord with the commands of their
masters. So probably California will
In tbe middle and Eastern States,
just as in Eastern Canada, the statesmen and politicians still Uke a different view. They haven't bad the experience necesary to know whether Oriental labor is beneficial or not. The
(Continued from Page One.) I situation looks the same to them now
David, ls   compelled   to  acknowledge j as H dld **» tne we8tern financiers a
that ln the  richest country   of    the  decade a*°*   So tne Ea8tern PreM ls
world,   poverty,   disease and  misery i a11 ablaie at Present* and ca»8 on Gov
Johnson to withdraw the bill.    Even
abound, and that thirteen millions of
people are continually on the verge of
Therefore, why should we not sing
"Britons never, nev—er, ne—v—er,
shall be slaves"—yet when we reflect,
we have a bunch that the most of
them have never been otherwise, since
they were semi-robed savages, fishing
in coracles.
If a Socialist ever prides himself on
his achievements, wbich is questionable, then the Socialists   of   Alberta
have something to be proud of.
• •   •
Thirty thousand dollars spent by the
ruling class henchmen in Rocky Mountain riding resulted in O'Brien being
defeated by 77.
• •   *
Taking into consideration the fact
that this already too large constituency was enlarged still further by the
Addition of Banff, where a certain type
of "intelligent Britisher," with their
legs and long stockings, and a storm
window in one eye. abounds in rich
profusion; and further, that at least
45 votes were lost In Canmore on account of the mine-owners allowing
their slaves to vote only after 2 p.m.,
thus causing a rush ballot, this apparent defeat is only so much more a
•   •   •
All through the Province the vote
cast shows Indications that tbe seed
has been well sown by the band of
"Penniless Paupers (thanks for this
appellation, English), who have itinerated across those desert wastes ln
years now past.
Is Reading Them
Origin of Species, Darwin  25c
Martyrdom of Ferrer, McCabe. 25c
Lectures and Essays, Voltaire. 25c
Rlddlea of the Universe, Haeckel 25c
Wonders of Life, Haeckel  25c
Evolution of Man,  Haeckel  75c
The People's Bookstore
isa Cordova It W., Taj-oouvar, B. c.
Titans Mark*
Aaron* Mn-ttaf aik«t«b aad description wor
tj-U-klf aaejatutn onr cipinmo tn, »l„iim, ,„
•MitfrsM. Olds-st ttemej turaanuinguawio..
Pataata takan through Maun A Co. leotln
s-w-t-S oc-iiM, without obsne, la tha
Scientific American.
A mmwmtaagy Uln-miao* tnttiy. Uw« or
onuUloa of any totcniiAo tourmil. Terms lot
Cam-Is*, {■••* a yam, malice pn-im-ii.   Horn i,
Capitalism    Is    gradually    losing
strength, and when the wage slaves of
Canmla and  the world get wise, we
will just topple bim over to his doom,
Re Propaganda During the Winter,
Tbe above Local having decided to
discontinue the uae of the Empress
theatre for propaganda work, and, in
lieu, again adopt the street speaking,
take this opportunity to give an account of its labors during the period
under review. ,
For the season we held the flrst
meeting ln the theatre on Nov. 3rd,
1912, and wound up on the 27th April,
1913—ln all, twenty addresses under
the auspices of the S. P. of C. were
delivered. The following figures are
self-explanatory, and cover the entire
period of twenty meetings:
Collections, $532.40; rent, $346.25;
speakers, $159.05; advertisement, $15.-
20; lit. Hales, $252.65.
Comment *—In a period covering almost six months lt may appear to
some that we have not been sufficiently energetic, when we can only
account for twenty meetings, while
there was provision ln that time for
five more. This latter statement can
be explained by the fact that at the
beginning of the winter we were not
fully     prepared     with     prospective
young   man   Is   agflin-st   a   tottering   speakers, so to give us time to get In
communication with those whom we
thought could fill the bill, it was decided to let the S. D. P. have the
theatre once a month, which relieved
ua of the obligation to pay the rent
for  that  particular  nlght.j   After a
President Wilson has given them to
understand, in no uncertain manner,
that he is opposed to such legislation,
and William Foghorn Bryan, the ambitious Secretary of State, was at once
despatched to the Coast to see what
could be done to arrange affairs. Terrible things are supposed to happen
if the bill becomes law. Japanese
trade may be diverted to other channels The business firms of Japan
will take no part ln the great Panama-
Pacific Exposition, where they were
supposed to be tbe greatest contributors. Even war may be possible, if
California persists in refusing to obey
the dictates of the nation's chief executive.
With a grip full of documents to
prove that all these Injuries may be.
Inflicted Bryan arrived on the scene
of action. Diplomatic intrigue was the'
order of the next few days, hut Bryon
lost and Johnson won.
Tbe chief reaaon, of course, why an
aiiti-atlen i ill should be paaaed, ia tbat
such will
Benefit the American Worker
He waan't considered ten yeara ago,'
when things looked a little different.1
but now, owing to the fact that thtsjga j
have changed, he will be told all about i
tbe  blessings tbat will be abowered
on the horny hand of labor when this
law  is enforced,  and,  what  Is only i
quite natural, the workera wlll swallow it all.
They don't know any better. Of all
the wage slaves In Christendom today
the so-called white man takes the biscuit. They can try tbelr Orientals, and
all the rest, and although for a abort
time they may be easier and more profitable to exploit, yet over a lengthy
period the Angle-Saxon
Haa Them All Seat.
He is ao meek and submissive. He
doesn't run away from work. He doea-
n't try to buy up all the land. He produces more and receives leaa of the
amount produced than any other. And
yet In the midst of lt all he boasts of
his freedom and righta, and proudly
traces his ancestors back to tbe signers of the Declaration of Independence
and tbe heroes of Lexington and Bun
ker Hill. To hla masters he can well
say, as the Saviour aald to his followers: "I will never leave thee nor forsake thee."    He's a gem I
But to we of tbe International proletariat, who own nothing and produce
What Does It Greatly Matter
who our masters Import or exclude?
We are slaves here. We are slaves
In China or Japan; so our condition
can be changed but slightly while the
capitalist system lasts. We are not
of any nationality; we are not white
or black; but one thing suffices to
make ub all common; we are forced to
sell labor power to another class tn
order to live.
In Canada and the United States the
most hlirhly perfected machinery is
produced and placed on the market,
and many of these machines are exported and Installed in those Eastern
countries, replacing labor power that
Vancouver Island
(Alberni District)
Labor Temple Bldg.
Tancon-rar, B. C.
Phone Seymour 4108
In all rountrlos. Ask for our INVENTOR'S ADVlSER,Wliich will bo sent tree.
JM  Univenlty St,  Montreal.
Dominion Executive Committee
To Locals, 35c each, or $3.50 doz.
To Executive Committees, J 3 tic*'
Mail Orders Receive Prompt
Vancouver, B. C.
SIO Vlrnt Ave.
SMkatooa     ...     -     sail-.
The strike ia atill on ut tlie
Queen Mine, Sheep Creek, B.
C, also Silver Dollar, Hulm"
All werkinfmen are urs>d to
slay swsy until this strike it-
must now seek a market In tin- land
where they make the machines. Tim
standard of living may not be to high
In thoae countries as here, but, when /
commodities are produced thai can be
exported to the west and sold cheaper
than they can be manufactured here,
what ia the difference bel wen sending
shoes and clothes and sendlni" Hie labor power that will produce shoe-* ami
clothes? Por these reasons we it
Socialists take advantage of every
means to show to our fellow workers
in all lands the true nature of Hinr
class position. That Blavery, which
originated on a property basis, is sill
maintained on a similar basis, ami «"'
changes which are brotigbi about n
the capitalist system of today can
no way affect our position as n clatf-
But when a sufficient number out
the workers' ranks are made aeouain*
mentis ar"
by  will''"
ed with this position, tin
already in their possession
the present system of slavers
abolished, and a system of
and political freedom can hi
j. a. Mcdonald.
Subscribe"for The Western Clarion
can l'«
, ushered


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