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Western Clarion Jul 19, 1913

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Array .:?
Owned and controlled by the
Socialist Party
of Canada
WE STERN CLARION
Published in the
interest of the
Working  Claw
alone
NUMBER 724.
VANCOUVER, BBITISH COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1913
Subscription Price
-scrip-ion mee    mm a j-***-,/-*.
PER TEAR ifl.UU
GOVERNMENTAL THEORY AND PRACTICE
GOVERNMENT IN ACTION
On Vancouver Island Gives the Lie to the Professions
of Its Beneficiaries.
The wage war between the mine
owners and the mine workers of Vancouver Island ia still on. But Instead
of !..-inK routined to Cumberland and
Ui!-smith, it has been extended to
Ui-: rest of tbe mines throughout the
Island, the miners everywhere responding to the call almost to a man.
The apathetic attitude of the miners nt Nanalmo, prior to being called
on to take part In tbe scrap, has been
the cause of much speculation.
Commercial Travellers Said ,.,.,„. „    ... 	
Ths miner, of Nanalmo are well .at* \ Vancouver™ and" fear most°7h-? «*
M«d with their condition, and have nol on strikeor themin,?m £ w ^. J?eD
desire to be drawn Into trouble which »d c^e^S ^'fft'^
would affect tbe harmony tbat exists financing the™ ~:
Washington to organize the miners of
Vancouver Island, gain them Tn in-
crease lo wages and thereby give the
mine owners of Washington an advan-
Imrfc "uCr competitors for the
Fellow-workers, this is worthy of
your consideration. While It ls true
that the coal barons vie with each
'* her for the markets, they can't afford
to help the miners of any one district
to help defeat their employers, lor by
doing ho they beat themselves, and they
Wouldn't thc oper
afore of Vancouver Island readily subscribe to a fund to break aucb or.-au-
between tbem and their employer*.'
The whole capitalist pre., stated that
"The men of Nanaimo were good, re-i Itanium *> Ymi 1^.1 ,\,7.Z"m77'.7i.:,, . a
| .pectful and loyal British subJeVwho «S!: ,be Wa.hSgton^op^trs reaf.
I realised the necsaahyof tbe mutual ire that If they helped tooS-te
per-ct, and Itannony of employer and \ miners of Vancouver Island that thel
i employee, who*. InUresu are iden- j would be forging a weapon to be wield-
| ileal If tne proapemy whien may bay. ed against them ft, the* ^ruggle,Vwii
in tbe  past and still are enjoying, | their employees? *niggies wim
Til. be^CO?i!?ttod.M ****. e,UU5! Th,>y *ouid have you believe that in
■ sharks said: The mlnera of Nanaimo,{their struggles with labor, they are infer the most part, own their own dependent of (ach other. It is not so
homes; they are property holders and In their struggles against labor tbe
| tbey realise tj*at if they Join the or-1 mlneowners are as much dependent on
-tanlMtlon In siiflkleat numbers, tbey leach other as the mine workera In
•will tm called out In sympathy with their struggles against tbe mine own-
Cu»t*rUvnd and Udyamltb, and era. and what is true of the raining
they would run the risk of losing their industry Is true of all industries
i-roperty. hence, they refrained from Everywhere where increased wages
Joining tbe union, tie-side*, they have I are demanded
no use for any foreign organization, i
it they must have a union It must be
* good Canadian union." However
By a Tine Stroke «f Tact and Strategy
which could only be accomplished by
men of long aad bitter experience in
such wars, the business element woke
up from slumber one morning to find
all their theories exploded. Tbe miners had struck. Tb* paper* aay*. This
shock came like a bolt from the blue."
Inside of a week, every man in Nanalmo had Joined the union.   The reaaon
The Employer. Have the Same Cry:
"We can't de It and hold our markets." and although he doesn't make
this remark wben you approach him
for a Job, the same thought Is uppermost |» his mind. He may be a Sunday school teacher a. J. P. Morgan
once was. and president of the Society
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and wild birds to hoot. He may
teach his pupils to love their neighbors
as themsi-lvra.   But all this sentiment
THEY'LL A WAKE
By Wilf Gribble.
The workers are sleeping, aa we were one day,
Till somebody gave us a shake;
The worker, are easy a* suckers to play.
And be robbed of tbe wealth that they make;
The workers are foolish, the worker, are tame,
But we can look back to when w* were the came,
And though we should Jar them, we never should blame,
By blame we can never awake.
sf
On their eyes it's our duty the light to direct,
As someone once did on our eyea;
They will, as we did, in time stand erect,
Intent on the world as a price.
They'll come, they are coming, In power sublime,
To combat and to punish old Capital's crime;
They will strike off their chains in the fullness of time,
When enough shall, resistless, arise.
WHAT GOVERNMENT IS
Which Is Not What the Rulers Would Like Us to
Believe.
NEW WAR MENACE AND THE WORKERS
(By 0. Dimltroff, SecreUry of tbe Bulgarian Trade Unioi? Central.)
The cloud, so long overshadowing < they flnd themselves: a picture of dis-
tbey didn't Join before waa becauae  v!nU1T- when h* *** forth to pur-
lhe bos* had  so many eucker* tB*i i «*h*a* labor power,
spl*. on hand that wad* -affective or-      He la a Capitalist and He Intend,
jtanimtoo Impassible.   This action of ts remain a capitalist and to do so be
the mine-* of Nanaimo Is evidence tbat I must hold hi-> own tn the market   He
ihelr condition, no matter bow good)must produce as cheap and if possibie
the Balkan Peninsula have not yet
been dispelled, but seetn to bave grown
blacker and more terrible. We are ob
ihe eve of a new and more frightful
war—-a war between the Christian
allies over the dividing up of the
spoils won from Turkey. Only the
slightest probability extols of this
appalling catastrophe, the consequences of which are beyond the pale
of human imagination, being averted,
lt seems that the Menu—provocateur*
of European Imperialism ih the Balkan
Peninsula, hare a special interest tn
such a catastrophe, in order to realise
their dreams of freebootery.
On the other hand, the blindness of
tbe government and the authorities,
especially lu Bulgaria and Servia, has
reached such a stage that they neither | with Turkey, or prevent a war with
shrink from seeing their people com* Servia, on account of the exceptional
pletely destroyed, nor from the mutiny state of affairs prevailing. Our mem-
■vhi<-h so frequently takes place In the jbers, as Is well known, are on the
army. The mutineers—i.e., the majo- battlefield, held fast in the chains of the
rity of tbe troops—openly demand that military. The small number wbich re-
the war be concluded and the army de-j main are endeavoring to maintain the
mobilised: they want to return to their Social Democratic Party and the trade
traction and misery
Such a demonstration on the part of
the women bas recently taken place at
St. Sophia, and It will certainly not be
he last. In many of tbe provincial
towns similar demonstrations have
taken place. It ia reported from Jam-
bol and Pbillppopel that several hundred women who. organized protest
meetings refused to go home before
nelp had been accorded. Instead ot
help, the cavalry with drawn aabrea
appeared and dispersed the unfortunate women. Several were injured
and trampled upon.
The -.resent situation ia growing
more and more tragic as the Social
•mor ratio Party Is not in a position
to exercise the necessary influence to
bring about the conclusion of the war
It may be, Is not to their satisfaction
That tbe Interests of employer and employee aro not Identical. That they
are not the simple patriots our satellite editors woull have us believe, and
that even though they do own property, that they prefer a
Fighting Organisation and Ne Property
than property aad ao organization.
The sulMldlsed press tell u. that the
output ts continually Increasing, but
they don't say what ia Increasing. As
we watch every coal train that goes
out. w. know it can't be coal. But
.'•i'!>'ing from the frequent proceestons
to the capitalist repair shop, or hospital, and the scrap heap, or grave
yard, and the number of men coming
heaper than his competitors. He
must work bl. laborers a. long, and if
postible longer than they. He must
pay as low .and If possible lower wages
then they, aud it matters not if he ls
president of the U-agu" of the Cross,
whether he likes It or not, to remain a
capitalist he must beat the laborers
down to such a low point, from which
tt would take them many year, to recover. Or. us Marx says ln "Value,
Price and Proflt." "They would be
crushed down to
One Level Mae* of Broken Wretches
past salvation." But higher wages is
no remedy. Bo long aa labor-power ls
a commodity, bought and sold, ita exchange  value   (which  belongs  to the
In from all parts of the globe st the; laborer) being determined by its cost
rompany's expense and refusing to Iff production and Its use value (which
work when they know tbe truth of af- i»-- longs to the capitalist that buys it)
fairs, we presume that this Increased | determined by the value It creates
output referred to Is over and above Its own exchange value
increased Output ef Cripples, '*" ion* *•'■ th-* condition obtain,
oorpsea and cold cart. The merehant* j »«■"«■ Jj *■"'"' « »"« " ^ ^J-
**l dealing In actual necessark-. are »'• °* "***•'»•■»•J* v?*"h prodU°-
aim *,«,ni-,» •.•.-! ...mr, ■.*.,- «-.«h. !•!"»■■ ■"•d they will own them
As Long As They Have the Power
1<» hold them.   That power Is the pow-
undertake,-*..    The etrlkebreakers are j or  lhat   Is  everywhere  used  by  the
homes and declare themselves against
war with Servia.
Meanwhile the poverty of the work-
'..;j; classes beggars description. J8**
further help is forthcoming from the
municipalities. The state displays absolutely no concern for the poor working pop-nation. Things bave reached
such a pitch that masses of starving
women and children are meeting in the
streets and before the town halls, protesting against the plight tn    which
unions, but find themselves very much
fettered by tbe ruthless censor and
barbarous   conditions  attrlbnteble -"jei-^dBais, and
■Ji ",*•**-.•	
Our hopea In these hard times lie in
tbe International proletariat It Is also
possible that the great capitalistic
.•sowers, which are chiefly responsible
for the present state of affair*, and
also possible future complications, fear
the power of the proletariat and therefore want to make an end of the war.
WOMEN  IN  INDUSTRY
The position of women in the claaa -women In the same time aa one pro-
still weeping and walling and gnash
lng their teet. The .«nly people to
"report progrews." are the doctor* and
reaping such benefits   that one wa*
fine-i  fto and costa for stealing another's blankets. *
U«t pay day a few strike-breakers
ii-n-i-T claaa, ao successfully to defeat
any aim on the part of the working
cI»>sb to bettor their lot. The same
power thst the Belgian workers strove
Political Power
which  must  be  acquired,  no matter
how, before the worker*   can   attain
their freedom.
ROUT. WALKER.
who were out drinking together got to attain by n general strike, viz.:
quarrelling as to which was the most
loyal eubject.   Words came to blows.
Ah a result a striker wss arrested for
fiK-auK.    The    man   arrested  was a
Russian  who haa been   very  Instru-
rn< ntej lu conveying the truth of af-
'•Irs to hla fellow  countrymen  that
have been  cajoled  to come here to
*?rk.   Although there was
Not the Slightest evidence
to prove the man's -guilt, one of our
t'rnvinclal ■-.-lire appealed to the judge
to convict thla man "that an example
h>«y be set to the rest,"    However,
the msn   wa*   released    This same
"rlker waa told by the chief of police
'hat he had no right to walk around
«'ith rubber sh-sos ou.   That he was a
"usplclou* charaoter.  and   he should
wear shoes that would enable people
to hear him approaching! Tbe chief
-"dn't know that the soles were out
nf his shoes aad that hla bare feet
*<*re on the ground. Another Provincial policeman wa* up before the court
Por Assaulting a Striker
being accused of knocking a man
down, without any provocation, and
••'■•king him. In spite of the abttn-
dunre of evidence to prove the man
*"»ty. sufficient evidence waa procured to convince the Judge that ha
was Innocent henee he wa. dismissed.
AH maner of means and devices are
Mng resorted to to Inolte the men to
violence, bnt all their efforts are In
v«ln. The men on strike are for the
most part survivors of more than one
"trlke. They have provod that they
ar*-* not only fighters but that they also
•tnow how to flght.
Th* Latest Bugaboo
■" the charge of the union officials con-
■Wrlng with the mine   operators of
r™*i**^^^-^^***-*******Bic*^^sr'ifiss3J^^^*    ■ -■ -
Propaganda Meeting
■mftlham
Sastlag. et Boat
** the SkMtest. of «ke Working
Olass alone.
Iiixirn open  ".to.
QOBsnow* _ O1S0USSI0W
MARTIAL LAW IN BOSNIA.
During the recent rrltlcal situation
In the Ralkan trouble, when a general
(vmflagratlon seemed Imminent, the
Austrian government declared martial
law ln the frontier province of Bosnia.
The movements of the people of cer-
taln dlrirlcts' and certain Individuals
were restricted at the will of the authorities. All clubs and associations,
trade unions, etc., were dissolved, and
members forbidden to participate In
any meetings. Newspapers had to submit a copy of each Issue six hours before publication. All mall was censored, telephonic communication between eome towne was cut off. all arms
had to he surrendered, and the property of the Socialist Party confiscated.
An appesl has been Issued hy Ihe International Bureau for financial aid to
the party In Bosnia.
These measures are directed by the
ruling class of Austria against their
own working class. War with a foreign power haa not materialised, yet
the Austrian workers are suffering as
much from the oppression of their own
rulws as they would do If the country
was In possession of tholr rulers' enemies, "whatever may be the degree of
clnss-conselousnesa attained by the
slaves of capital In Bosnia, It oannot
surpass that reached by their masters.
It Is an encouraging sign. Twenty
years ago these precautions would not
have been necessary.
Capitalism Is very considerate of
womankind. It may deny woman the
ballot, but It haa given four nnd a half
million women work nt less wages
than the four and a half million men
It threw out of employment that It
might exploit the women more.
struggle today should be seriously considered by men and women alike, for
it Is obly by the abolition of this system that emancipation of both can be
accomplished.
This vital problem finds its solution
ln the quotations ef Marx and Engels.
They say that the more modern industry becomes developed, the more
Is the labor of man superseded by that
of woman: difference of age and sex
have no longer any distinctive social
validity, for under capitalism the
working class are but instruments of
labor more or less expensive, according to age and sex.
When we consider the accelerating
duced by man, the values would be
the same: again, the beginner may
say that a woman cannot produce as
much as a man, but we are now in
the machine age, and the machine produces the quantity. So the only thing
left to determine the value ot a commodity is the socially necessary labor
time taken to produce it Therefore
we find that women aro employed because they are more remunerative to
the employer than men are, the same
duration and quality of service being
obtained at a cheaper cost in wages.
Taking an analysis of the leading
industrial countries of the world, we
flnd that 35 per cent of the women of
rate at which women are taking the:these countries work tor wages. In
places of men ln every sphere of In- New York 60 por cent, of the women
dustry possible, It is obvious that in!work for wages, and 76 per cent, of
the near future, owing to the high j these receive less than $5 a week. In
efficiency and simplicity of the ma-1 London women work 9 to 14 hour, a
chine, man will be a rolnua quantity In j day. in some of the sweat ahopa, for
some of tho Btaple Industries. less than $1 a week.   Here we must
Here Is where   an error   ta some-; pause and consider the reflex of these
times made by tho beginner studying conditions, which    can    be classified
economics.   He at once concludes that
because a commodity    has been pro-
under two heads:
Women  either become
beasts    ot
dured by female labor, and the labor | burden, or the prey of what Is known
power of woman Is cheaper to the em*|»s the soclsl evil. What I mean by
plover than that of man. the value of beasts of burden is, that tn ordhr to
the commodity produced will be affect- \ ''cep the home together, the wife Is
ed thereby. Thla la erroneous, be-j compelled to work, and the machine
cause If a commodity la produced byi method   of  production  ia  more  and
Chas. Edward Russell haa been nominated for mayor by tbe Sociallata of
New York.
ATOMS--AND THE MASS
(By Wilfrid Qrlbble.)
(ln   answer  to  a  comrade   who wrote  asking  for  "advice'and
encouragement")
You ask advice of me. comrade and friend?—
Be patient to strive, Impatient for the end;
That you can do, but little need I tell.
It is tor you to do thai little well.
v.ncouragement?   The fight fe hard. I know;
There's little for your efforts yet to show,
As you see weeks and montha and years fly pass:
Be not discouraged—atoms make the mass.
Vou do a little. I a little too,
And millions more are doing as -we do.
And millions more to come will do as we,
And when enough—-thw worker* will be free.
Comrade, take heart of grace; your work wlll last.
As has the work of rebels of the past;
We share some freedom by their efforts won; '
We'll add what more wo can—and pas. It on.
What would we do without government? How often thl. question i.
asked of tbe Socialist who endeavora
to explain the state of affairs to his
fellow slaves. Without government!
Would it not be Just as sane a question to inquire what we would do without masters? To the Socialist either
question must seem absurd when he
glance* back to review the centuries
of social evolution; wbiie to the non-
Socialist both must seem the expression of high Intelligence, as anything
else but masters and government
wonld be in contradiction to existing
conditions.
In ail tbe different avenues of learning we are given to understand, by
"ose wbo instruct us, that government Is merely an agent for regulating as smoothly as possible the mechanism of society. That by lt the rights
and freedom of all the people is assured. That when one person, or number
of persons, begin to encroach oi the
risrhts of another or others, that the
machinery of government is always
at the disposal of those who ere treat*
ed wrongly.
Quite a nice definition I
But they forget to tell us that government ls, and has always been, ths
tool of those who own, to keep in subjection tbose wbo are dispossessed
That other societies before the inception of slavery have got along without
it. That only when a certain stage of
evolution had been reached, the Institution of paternal law; the inheritance
of property by the father's children,
thus centralizing wealth In the family
and forming a power apart from the
early gens; the enslavement of the
less progressive of the primitive tribes
by those who were more advanced;
that only when these changes were accomplished was another institution
necessary to shatter, pr rather to extend, tbe machinery of gentile rule,
and have it replaced by a system that
secured the property of private indl-
later on, of a class,
against the communistic form that previously existed.   And this was provid
COP1E8 WANTED
(To complete bound volumes ot
1912.)
Comrades who have the following issues of the Clarion oa hand
will confer a favor by forwarding
them to this office hy return.
1912—Nos. 680, 677. "(About
12 copies of each are required.)
The Columbia University ol
New York require one eopy of
the following issue to complete
the bound volume:
1910—No. 570.
for the good of another. Exploit them
by all means. Take from them every
last thing they are able to produce,
but do it all in such a manner that
Equality Appears to Reign Supreme,
when in reality, instead of the government acting as an organ to give voiate
to the needs of society, we find that,
like all institutions of today, it sprang
into being when the mode of production demanded such an instrument, tb
keep in subjection the great majority
of the people for the benefit of a -favored few; and that instead of taws
being made, in the interest of those
who are exploited, it is, at aB times, to
guard the rights of property owners;
to preserve intact tbat preaent form
of ownership and control, that every
branch of government from the police
court to parliaments, and privy councils, is operated and maintained.
But the workers are gradually opening tbelr eyes and noticing the trend
of events. Never before in history was
the mode of production so keenly
the class dispossessed of all property'
in the means of life, ae lt is today. And
that such is the case is not hy any
means a matter of surprise. Capitalist society like other slave systems
before it, can last only so long as the
conditions that brought it into existence demand, and it is being gradually
undermined by the very contradiction*
TTtT^luriSiyZNt  which Itself engendered.
l^^^^TC1 0Jj°Vern'\    « is only a question of
ment—an institution that was
Never meant to voice the Interests of
all the people or tdo do away with the
evils thst existed ln early society, hut
on the contrary, organized for the purpose of perpetrating the division of
classes on a property basis, giving to
those in control of property the power
to rule and exploit the masses, whose
only means of existence ts in selling
themselves to a master, either for life.
as in the case of the chattel slave and
feudal serf, or by the day. or the week.
as in tbe capitalist system of today.
Being founded In early years to perform this function, for the very same
purpose it is still still maintained.
It Matters Not What Form
that government may take, whether a
monarchy, an aristocracy, or a democracy, one thing Is certain, that where
such an institution as government is
necessary there must also needs be
something to be enslaved or governed.
As it appeared in early history the state
was openly snd above board on or-
studled. and ao clearly understood by
ganlsed power tn the hands of the masters to maintain their
Authority over the Slavea
who were bought and sold
like cattle and sheep. There waa no
hypocritical pretence, such as exists
today, to make believe that the government repreeented the interests of
all the people, for the slaves were
not at that time recognised as members of the state, and were not supported to share in the benefits accruing from Its existence.
But in bourgeois society—a system
supposed  to be founded the liberty,
freedom, and equality of atl.
It Must Not Appesr
that    any    institution    remains   for
the purpose   of   coercing    one class
•RITI$H "REPRESENTATION"
The Pally Cltlien, the organ of the
lAbor Party, has published a table
showing the different Interests represented In the House of Commons. The
rich classes 11,000,000 persons) are one
in nine ot the nation, and they hold
eight In nine of the seats, shared almost equally by the Tory and Liberal
parties. The working class (40.000,000
persons) are eight In nine ot the nation, and they hold one ln nine ot the
seats. And the workers send them all
there.
De la Barra, Mexican minister of foreign affairs, takes flrst prize ss humor-
let. Formally and solemnly hu declares
that Mexico cannot for the present recognize' ths new Chinese Republic
since "conditions there are too unsettled."
more facilitating the Installation ot
women's labor for men's (to satisfy
the greed of tbe capitalist claas, because tt ts cheaper labor), with the
result that the wife finally Is the only
wage-earner. The husband can no
longer find employment, therefore, ln
addition to her domestic and biological
functions, she has to carry the burden
of provider The consequences are
that the woman either becomes a mechanical automaton, or loses the domestic instinct, the veritable ideal of
marriage. C. NEL.
time Ull It
too must fall. Prom the position ot
managing or superintending the production of wealth which he occupied
in the early years of the system, the
capitalist of today has evolved, and
plays no part whatever, in producing
the needs and requirements of life.
The Wage-Slave is the Only Useful
portion of human society. He digs the
mines, and prows the fields. He Invents and builds the machinery, changing the raw material into articles
ready for the market and manages the
whole system of production and distribution without further aid. Performing this function, and beginning
to realize their position, it is little
wonder that the workers are also beginning to take part in a political
struggle to take possession of the
state; a struggle that muit continue
till the abolition of governments, aad
the claas property upon which aB
slave societies were built
j. a. Mcdonald.
IN THE NAVIES.
The seamen of the Russian mercantile fleet in the Black Sea and the Sea
of Azof established a trade union Journal abroad. As a consequence many
arrests were made. 70 sailors now being in prison. The editor was arrested
in Egypt and transported to Russia ln
spite of the great protest movement in
England, the government protesting
that it was unable to stop it aa Egypt
was not a "British possession.'*
Men belong to unions nnd pay dues
all through the year to protect their
economic Interests, and on election
days go to the polls and vote men
into power whom they have been paying out their money to flght.—Ex.
Thc Socialist movement ia going
ahead In the Argentine. In spite ot
corruption that baffles description, two
seat, were won In recent bye-election,
for the Congress, making a total of
four aeats In that body held by the
Socialist Party.
The Socialist Party tn Virginia have
cc«*-e out of the contest with the
mine owners' executive (the state government) with dying colors. All the
suppressed papers are coming out
again, and a state-wide campaign with
meetings and literature is being organizer which wlll reach every square
mile of the state.
"Here's   freedom   for  him   that wad
read;
Here's freedom   for him   that wad
write;
There's  nane ever   feared   that th*
truth should be heard.
Save them the truth wad indict"
—Bums.
The first of May was celebrated ln
Servia on what corresponds to the 18th
of April, new calendar. Belgrade saw
the spectacle of 7,000 demonstrators
parading thc streets demanding the
cessation of the war. They marched
through the streets lined with military. Similar parades took place
throughout the country.
STAY AWAY FROM
VANOOUVER ISLAND
COALMINES. ALL1
ARE NOW INVOLVED. "" k J"..
PAGE TWO
THE WESTERN  CLARION,  VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY JULY  19,  1913
-PBkUahcd r. ?r.' tw*» • Mki by the
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SATrRDAV	
-JULY
1».
1913
OOl-iSTR'JCTIVC PROGRAM.
qii'-.-tlr.n ol   our   constructive
our
Tin., qii'-.'lr.n ot    our
p. -gnu.. Is i point   tbat   has been
rsih "i, aud     ill always be raised.    It
is a i-oli.t upon which the future of
fH<  s-oc allst movement depend*.   The
,u( * ion is, of course, what the exact
sha ie -' this program shall be. There
v * hose wbo, regarding the education) .1 v/'i.y nt the Socialist Party as
no w...... ructive, look forward to re-
ft.rms ana pulliative* as a program
•Thereby -jocuilsm can eventually gain
-•scendeocy over capitalism.
..'-it edi'Ciition,'such a* I* carried on
by t « Socialist Party to construe*
t't*«-. c id, on the other band, reforms,
wuen r. iginated by the working elsss,
S'-e lee rut-live. This is easily seen
rfteo t thorough analysis to made of
0, •*** -n society, tor which, however,
"■er- 0 not space in this article.
Bu. ■ e shall make a rapid review.
Wo lavt capitalist society with its
clear, clean-cut division of classes—
the capitalist and tbe wage-slaves.
Between these two classes there is a
t'-isn struggle relative to the owner-
jip i>t 'he tool* of production, of
■ f vhi..;n tbe capitalists are the owners The ownership of these tools is
ut'ldta'i"t.d and safeguarded by the
tUte. Now the state Is that institu-
t'on in a society based on class-property, through and by which the min-
*H> nue over the majority, and its
chief object is to preserve an equilibrium between the economic inequalities existing in such a society.
Ire special form which the state
tikes, on has its significance. For as
ajt in.*titution through which the minority ru'3 the majority the ideal state,
if each there be, is one in which the
v^r-Tdlnste class or classes bave no
voice. Tbe modern state to capital*
if A, and it enacts laws which favor
i.-apUai'st privileges, yet at the same
time the subordinate claas, the working
claa**, bas a voice in its administration.
• It-t'-jre tbe ruling claas can enact any
'legislation which to of special benefit
tn Itself, it must first obtain the con-
sect of tbe subordinate class, for
•. ilf h purpose a great deal of time
(jr»d Large amounts of money are annua 11<* spent Moreover, concessions,
reforms and palliatives are continual!: er:nted to this class in order to
keep it quiet and submissive. These
tfrants nnd reforms disintegrate the
state; tbat is lo aay, they place the
tbe revolutionary spirit ln the workers, that will be oopped in and glutted
uy capitalist reforms.
And tor this purpose we need tbe
r. j.lend Id
Program of Education
which has been the guide of our activity hitherto. Thla program can surely be called "conatruc**ive' If It prevents society from paaslng into a state
of social stagnation; if it "constructs"
intellectually a rebellious feeling
among the workera, that will
tide them safely over the shoals
of the dissolution period of
the capitalist system, and have
thme ready, a solid phalanx,
keen, alert and intelligent, to begin
that work of arrangement for which
some practical souls are so anxiously
waiting.
Education Become^ Doubly Important
when we comprehend theae two facts:
First, that the working class is yet
too Ignorant and unorganized to direct tbe complex process of production and exchsnge; second, that while
intelligence Is absolutely essential to!
social progress, it Is not necessary to
social existence, that ia to aay, social
action springs from the feeling* (the
desire to preserve and procreate the
race), but whether this action shall
be progressive or not depends upon
whether It. is guided by the intellect
Therefore educate! Educate and organize! If every member of the working clasa ln the Rocky Mountain district was properly educated they would
all have voted the Soclaltot ticket.
C. M. CHRISTIANSEN.
ATOMS OF THE TRUTH.
An P aanixer*s Plaint.
When we try to analyze the mind of
tho workers aa a claas, snd see the
apathy displayed, especially by those
who are the most oppressed, we may
ask ourselves the question: Of what
use to the state?
Mills says: "The worth of a state,
in the long run, Is the worth of the
Individuals that compose it"  ~
Therefore, any state that allows obstacles to be placed in the path ot education for no other purpose than to
obtain and amass fortunes, and make
us become more docile and submissive,
will find thst great things never develop from small minds and dwarfed
bodies.
This system of society through
which we must evolve has reached an
advanced stage of decay, and human
society is transmuted into a state of
mental and physical degeneracy. A
mere statement may only remain aa
such, unless in the analysis we find a
modicum ot truth; then it may probably be persecuted, or perhaps it may
receive a llttte consideration and be
confined to the files of / '.oms of Truth.
"Human actions are governed by hu.
man knowledge," so saya Buckle. We
must admit that a certain amount of
truth is contained in that statement,
for the actions shown by tbe majority
of workers at the tost election in Alberta did not show a very high standard of knowledge, especially of things
t < rtalning to our own material inter-
fr-'A. Our brains must have undergone
". process of ossification, because our
,iO\- r  of  observation,  calculated  tn
fundi ms cf the state more and more- trviatlons, does'not seem to have de-
ia "t*>      tads of that class which Is veloped very much above that of the
_...■__ .t.^   .-..._ i„t..n,i.,.i
I anthropoid world.
not th*. uilng class, thus detracting
fro. 1 th. 'lower by which this class
malx,f*-*li.  Its--It.
This f>". nan led some Socialists to
believe Ini.t by earning a number of
refc-uis Into effect the state would
lose ui C'hes'on and dissolve, thus
overth-rwi'5." capitalism. But this
vie***-, is ei .-**••*.-.cm-. The state is a form
of association imposed by ceriLair
-ieoB-y-nl.   relations which develop it |
"Actions being governed by know
ledge—" If thst be true, what is knowledge, and bow Is It obtained? Man's
sense activity Is thee starting point
of all knowledge, and it has been
slowly and gradually developed from
that of hi* nearest relatives, tbe pri-
mmmm^^^^^^^^^^^^—^—iR-btu.   It Insists of presentation of
     tned    conditions.    Until these I    „      ,...,_    ,   .... ,.  ..
■mtmwV**-;. ird therefore veh.tlozn,, are' •»***riial -*-*** -* «•• aormal function
outing''1,   d .Lt-tlism cannot ai-tappea,.
Wha- •' 1 -nay or may not be the et
tfect of t* ..-1 reforms on the state
and the xtlve position of the two
classes, it cannot be gainsaid that re-
formi i -. not "nd or even aim to over-
thrO*** apitaiUm tar* eliminate the
war system. They tend, however, to
mln, ■"* the intensity of the class
strug >, - endeavoring to equalize the
econoi. 1.1, c unlltles. Herein lies one
nf thel' cn-ef -litrisers, furthermore,
they art always granted in the greatest i-imVors «■< such times as the sub-
•r floate • har, show the surest signs of
1. -ell'iAt! th is the whole tendency
of in. 11 us to retain society in a
ataxic   ..-, v.{on.
If *< ke>n this fact continually In
mln- 'i-nt *i<* law of tbe ruling claas
is alw y-t niiicme in a given society-
It ls <■ 1 > re that the reformentbus-
last, 1 siltf of his occasional out-
horsts Lgalnst what he call* abuses, ex.
presses his satisfaction with tbe state
In Its- general make-up aad administration, and, above all, wltb the economic structure upon which the state
\n based. Consequently, should the Socialist Party launch a program of reform it would merely give Its approval
of the whole gearing of tbe capitalist
state and society, with tbe exception
of tbe few abases, so-called, which it
would have changed in tbelr outward
forms. But aot at .ne that. When the
working claa. part; originate* reform*
that party bee no* reactionary, a*
witness the labor parties or Great Britain, and Ant.rif:*. Thla ls true for
the reason that nv>t a party love* and
tries to ehlelJ, tux.****- the protection of
capitalist* laws the child of Its geni-
•*, watch Is a tW^v-rootod maternal
taetlnct.
tt la of no use to rave against reform*. Thev wl!I cmie, like the ap-
paUlag hosts of disease, In spite of
protests. The capitalists wtll grant
than to maintain their p^rer, and the
worker*, stnxggtlng along without any
Ideal or fixed purpose, will demand
than to secure relief from som-*- of the
AtoM oppressing clrcumstar -«■ of
tbelr Uvea. The only redeeming feature about reforms is that, like car
hoik acid, they are comparatively aafe
If handled by sMIted bands. Is the
working claa* skilled enough to nan
die them?
At all event* the Socialists night aa
wall take thl* lam* philosophically,
ATOM orlglaaUng any rofonn* them
•aire*, aad try to direct ana keep alive
of thought, the subjective, and sucfi
impression* as are formed by the objective. We can thus only perceive
with our sense*—chiefly by the eye,
and the more we see of this boasted
civilisation—or in other words, scientific barbariam—the more we are convinced, that the world Is becoming in
sane.
I did not think of writing such a
lengthy epistle, but the way In which
the
Cringing, Crawling, Fawning
lickspittles, hirelings, and puppets of
their brutal masters treated me at
Kananaakls and Exshaw requires a
little exposition, so that readers of
our' paper will understand the conditions as they exist at present In tbe
aforementioned places.
At Kananaakl.
the Calgary Power Co. are building a
dam, aad between 600 and 600 men are
employed tbere. Tbe condition* under
wbich they live are not of tbe best, by
any moans. Sanitation seems to be
out of consideration. A drove of pigs
are alio .-red to run around the bunk
houses and teats. It would show a
little Intelligence for the welfare of
tbe people of Alberta if tbe health officer would take the time to go and
examine such fever breeding dens; It
may be tbe case that he la afraid to
lose his Job, if he offends the president
who is an M.P. and e-so s lawyer.
Having viewed the place over I concluded that a few words spoken to
the men would relieve the monotony,
and perhaps move tbe willing slaves
from their apathy; ao I made arrangement* to address my fellow worker*
after supper. But In tbe meantime
some fawning lickspittle had told tbe
slavedriver that
A Socialist Was in Campt
with the reault that I was forbidden
to eat, also told to get off the premises and be glad of the chance. Think
of the gloated freedom of our paper
constitution and then we "Britons
I never shall be slaves!"
Not being one of the type who are
easily discouraged, I thought it wise
to give tbe puppets a week to consider, and perhaps they would come
to their senses.
On my return the slimy swamp
snakes had accumulated a little more
poison. I was again refused to partake of a mea] In the Company's eating house ".r.d was told to go from tbe
place; but I was determined to speak,
so as the men vere finishing aupper
I started to address them. After
speaking for about ten minutes one of
the special thugs employed by the
Company to do dirty work came along
and told me to stop speaking and go
from their property. (Snch a swell
headed notion some blatant fools do
get, but they are more to he pitied
than censured: tbelr condition is one
to be blushed at with shame). I did
not quit, so he politely stood by snd]
listened, then
Along Cam* the Manager,
McAllen, and another plug ugly with
him.' They demanded me to beat It,
while tbe going waa good. I told htm
If he could make the going good to
wade right in. It would almost seem
that no manhood was left in the vast
bnlk of the working class, for while
McAllen and I were exchanging remarks, a few hundred men ran into
their filthy hovels, hiding their head
for fear they would be seen and tbey
might possibly lose their 27tt eent
Job. Some of the docile, submissive
Job-hunters wbo ran sway had the
false courage to tell me they were I.
W. W. men; with such men the spirit
of direct action most have died a
natural death in the face of competition for who must eat the next meal.
I then moved towards the C. P. R.
track and the slave-driver. Allen, told
the hired thugs to see that I was off
the ground that belonged to them.
After waiting for about 20* minutes, 19
slaves crawled around.
When the meeting was over I walked on to the next station, and
Flagged the Train for Exshaw.
where tbey manufacture cement.
About 400 slaves are employed in and
around thi* factory, some of them
being paid as low as 22H cents per,
hour, and they hug their chains, as If
working ln an atmosphere laden with
cement dust was tbe only means of
existence on this earth. We see and
hear of many pictures portraying tbe
conditions existing in Siberia, hut for
them to describe one to equal Exshaw
our romantic novelists must go down'
to tbe peons of Mexico—and then I
fear that tbey would not get conditions equal in torture to those in tbe
cement town. The look on their faces
was not tbe look of a slave in revolt,
but the impression of a subservient
slave under the iron heel of oppression. After distributing Clarions and
other literature around tbe town I
went chasing the manager* for four
or five hours to ask their permission
to speak in or around the hunk house.
They treated me very civilly, but said
tbey could not allow me to speak on
their property, ao I concluded to speak
ln tbe street
Tbere is one thing more which I
must not allow to go unmentioned,
and that la the spirit manifested by
many of the workers, especially the
miners throughout the Kicking Horse
Pass. They asked me question'*' concerning the actions of certain Individ-
dais, some of tbem in Vancouver, Calgary, Lethbridge and other place* who
were supposed to he Socialists and
leaders of labor. In answer to such
questions I state tbat peoples' actions
are sometimes governed by a desire
to please the spectator. At least, it
appears that way, and for any Individual to aay that tbe Socialist Party
la destined to go out of existence Is
Incredible Ignorance. It prove* the
fact, that we must not place too much
confidence in any "leader*," but atudy
and tblnk for ourselves. Let us get
away from these apish methods of
Imitating or placing too much trust in
men who pose as leader*. Let u*
learn the lesson to think for ourselves. Then we will not he led by
men who sre ready to discriminate
against their conscience and  prostl-j
A Socialist should always be a confirmed optimist, and not only that, but
an active one also. He should always
be firm In the knowledge that his prut
lipid- are absolutely Invincible, arid
he certainly ahould not allow hims lf
to be discouraged by the altitude of
tbe ayerage ""irker towards Socialism.
N( ver dc ■ ■< .. No matter how black
things may. look for Socialism, never
forget that Socialism is right, and ket-p
I busy. Socialism does not thrive on in
activity. Tbe half dead Soelaliat it,
a corpse in this act, and Socialism car.
only be brought in by live men and
women, lt is not passive agreemcnl
that is wanted but—fighters—ORGANIZED WORKERS. It Is possible to carry
on our propaganda without money, '.-ut.
without workers never. The working
elsss must proceed to its emancipation
as a clasa Individual acts and Individual efforts can never throw off the capitalist oppressor. Every step must be
taken as a class, every battle muat be
fought on class lines, every activity
of ours must be carried through as
part of a clasa plan of action. What
does this mean.' what can it mean but
—ORGANIZATION? The basis then
must be united actiou. Each one In
joining the organixatlor lays hto Individuality upon the altar of those
principles, and becomes a link in the
armour, an atom in the whole machine.
An Intelligent machine which must
and will, to fulfill Its mission, reverse
the present order of society.
SOCIALISTS   AND   ORGANIZATION.
Socialist Patty Directory
Doaani aMcowta ooanonrvas
S-.--tnll.it Party of Canada, meeta flrtH
and third Kundr.y*. S p.m.. at &1I
Main 8t -!_H._Bur-*oi«h.8--cret-«-y.
BKiTisR    oo£vnaza   nonwexax.
Kxfcuttve Committee. Bo-Mallet P»rt>
of Cunada mwti ttaroe tu above.	
Ai.aaa-.Ta »au>*rafotax'.*b±bovvrim
So.-iallNt Party of Canada, meeta every alternate Tuesday, at 42* Eighth
Ave. Ka.<t. Burt K. Anderson, Secretary, BoxJM7, Calgary.	
aX»KA**r-c***T»waji  >idimrotaii  »«-
XCUT1VB COMJUTTII**, 0- 9. O.T C,
Siivlt.-t nil i'(.<nu-fidcB r-'-tiillni- ln thla
province tu • o...i..-iiil<m< with them
on organization matter*. A<Mi<*k, D.
M, Mitl1.11. ** Main St . Bo. Hill. Moose
Jaw, Sask.   _
m i irnoaa pmoTiwciAi. rnxmcvvryB
Committee: Notice:-~Thi*i card la inserted for the purpose of g<-tt)ntf
"YOU" lntereated in the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
member** of the Party: ao If you arc
<le«irou» of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
*-* iK-iary. It. C. McCutcheon. Room t.
510 Main St. Winnipeg-
IKABITXani FBOTXIIOXai. BXBCOTITB
Committee. Soelaliat Party of Canada,
merts every aecond and fourth Sun-
days ln the Cape Breton office of the
Party. Commercial Street. Olace Bay,
N. 8. Dan Cochrane, SecreUry, Box
**1l a}*e* Bay' NiL     	
-aocaa ram-era. a. 9. if'-'-o, iou
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall every Sundav at 7:09
Busines* meeting third Sunday In each
month. T.SS p.m. Economic ciaae every Sunday afternoon at t:!0. W. L.
PLUMP*, fecretary, Box £04
"WE RISE TO REMARK—"
The Socialist Party ot Canada ft ts
never tried to prevent any comrade'
from  doing propaganda,  but bas al-:
ways assisted—even those who do not \
adopt its tactics; very often too, when *
tbere was not much encouragement.}
We S.P.C. organizers have urged you.
pleaded with you, and tried to assist j
you. to read and, study something more
than "infant food."
lt is worthy of note thst those who j
offer the excuse that they  have no
time to study proletarian science, are
tbe first   to be    caught by lawyers'
tricks.
I know tbat you do not mean to do
evil to the Socialist movement, but—
"the road to bell ia paved with good Intentions'—and it is KNOWLEDGE
net good Intentions—that our masters
fear.
The S. P. of C. never did discourage
"unity," but always bas, and does now,
offer a welcome to all comrades to
join with us.   Now that the Dominion
executive and the B. C. convention 'it
the S. D. P. have declared themselves,;
suppose you turn the trick back on the j
lawyer, and also show your  GREAT1
LOVE FOR "UNITY- by pointing the!
finger of scorn, and bawling "The &'
I). P. turns down amalgamation." and j
"The S. D. P. members. If they wish
to bring about unity, will have to take i
tie initiative over the heads ot their
executive.'*
It is well to rember tbat the 8. D. P.
was start-*-! t*r -hose who quit the S.
P. of C.   They sad thst our M. L. A.'s
did not do enough of organizing, and
that we were not l^CM-0-C*R*A-T*l*C!
According to their ovrr official organ
their M.  L.  A.'s are not doing any
organizing, and their B. C. convention
revoked a resolution that the majority
of the members bad endorsed by referendum vote.    Oh, 0-E-M-O-C-RA.C-V!
Thou srt a Jewel!   And the same con-,
ventlon* accused their own Dominion ;
executive     of    being     U-N-O-E-M-O-,
C-R-A-T-I-Cl
Tours for "unity," not by lawyers':
tricks, for they always create disss***
tlon, but by educating to it   ,
C. M. O'BRIEN. .
-locax. aoaaxasm, wo. as, & 9. ot c
meeta In Miner*' Hall every ''-jnJay at
"SO p.m. K. Campbell, ,-rsanlxer.
Will Jone-a, Secretary, Box IS*. Finnish bra- ch meets in rtnlanderV Hall
Sundaya at 7 30 p.m. A. Settble, Sec*
retary.  Box 54.  Hoa-nland.  B. C-
x-ocax. Tawoomraa, a. c. ■„  «.
Fiiinlah.      Meets     every     aeeund    anTi
fourth  Thuradaya   In   the  month   .
2216 fender St. feaat   Ovltt Ilnd  gee
retary. "™
X-OCAZ. OXBaOVa -LABBtBO, 8. O   a>„
4»,   S.   P.   C.     Meets   f!r»t   and   n"";
Sundaya  of  each   month  in  Socialist
Hall.    J. J*. Hlnta-t, Secretary, Oil*,*
Height*,  B.C. mteaot,
LO-OAX, COXMiAaT,    AXTtC"  BO     t
Miners' Hall and Opera Houae. Praia-
ganda meetings at * p.m. on the m„i
. and third Sundays 'if the mnnth business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propoaanda meetings at «
Organlaer, T. 'Steele, Coleman. Alts :
Secretary, Jaa. Olendennlng, Box «■>'
Coleman. Alta Visitors may receive
Informatlnn any dav at Miners'* Hnll
Secretary, Wm, Oraham, Box it. Cole-
man.  Alta
Z-OCAX. OAXrOABT, tftXTJu, sTaTaT B 9
ot C—-Bui-liieeu meeting every gatur.
day evening at S o'clock, at the hetui-
quartera, 1S4 Ninth Ave. West. 11
Adle. Secretary^ Roa'jMT.
"LOOAZ. BBOXBA Be. fl. BASK.. atBirrs
every Sunday. Trades Hall, 130 -, „,
Bualness meeting, second Friday, i
p.m.. Trades Half. W. B. Bird, den
Del.. Secretary.
__^   _ IS, AX.TA., BO. 13,
S, P. of C. Meets every Sunday si
1:30 p.m. in Miners' Half. Serrelarge m Larson. 1411 Ird Ave. N. Win.
Kevoy. Organiser.
LOCAI. atXCBBL. B. C Bo. IS, U. 9. Ot
e, holds propaganda, meetlnga every
Sunday afternoon at 211 In Crahan'x
Hall. A hearty Invitation la extend-
ed to all wage slavea within reach nf
u« to attend our meetings. BuatnettN
meetings are held the flrst and third!
Sundays of each month at 10.SS am.
ln the same hall. Party nrsaalaemi
take notice^ T.  W.  Brown. Seerelary.
LOCAL BBTBUrra-KB. B. O*. Bo. 7.'' 8.'
P. of C.    Business meetings at Soc la 1-
1st headquarters fourth Thursdays of
each month.    B. F. O-yrann. Secretary.
LOCAL T1CTOBIA. Bo. S,  8. 9. of Cm
hejujuuartera and reading room &7S
Yatett St Bualness meeting every
Tuesday. 8 p.m. Propaganda meetln*
Sunday, * p.m.. Emprexs Theatre.
LOCAL BOOTS *OBT OBOBOB. B. C.
No.  Si.  meets every  Friday  nifht at
t o'clock in Public Library room.  John
Mclnnl**, Secretary; Andrew Allen, Or-;
ganixer.           I
LOCAL CtnSBBBLLABB Bo. TO, S. V. of
C.     Business   meeting   avery   Sunday. •'
afternoon   at   2:00   i> m    In   Soclxllstl
Hall  opposite Post  Ofltee.    Kronomlci
classes   held   Tuesday   and   Friday,   "
p.m.        Pronaaniuta      meeting     every
Sunday, t p.m.    Headquarters: Social-
lot Hall, oposlte post office.    Financial
Secy., Thorrta* Carney: Corresponding
, Secretary. Joseph Naylor.
LOCAL *fABOOOTBB Bo. L a 9. ot G.
Business meeting every Tuesday evening   at   Headquarters.   SIS   Hastings
J8t EasL_ H. Rahim.  Secretary
▼A8COOT8B LSTTiaH LOCAL Bo. Se.
S. P. of C—Buslnesa meeting every
-M.-c<.n<! Sunday of the month and pro
pagpj-.fta meeting every fourth Suntia/
Open to everybody at Room 221. Labor
Temple at 2 p.m. Secretary, John
Sehas.it.  Box  1(11.	
LOCAL MOOaU JAW. BO. 1, If.clc
Buslnesa meeting and economic cla-*
every Wednesday evening at Com ,1
McMillan's. 12 Male St.. So Hill Prop-
altands meeting every Sunday, S p. m.
at tha Bax Theatra. Secretsi,. V.i„
Harrison, 104 Maple 8t Organlaer. a.
Stewart |   	
irOcaL ao. l aiBBiraa, at/wrrosA
R P. Of C. Headqusrl.-rs. |jth„r
Temple. Business meetings every Jnd
and 4th Thursdsy In the mi-nth si «
p.m. Propaganda meetings every Hiin-
day at 8 p.m.. Market Square. \v.
Braes*. S-wretwy^ tJI Edmonton >"
-LOCAL OWTAWA BO. I, t f. »l C.t-
B-ialnesa meetings the first Hunday In
month In the Labor Hall. :i> rtani.
Street, at I p.m. Secretary. A. Banen-
sohn. 2S1 Laurier Ate (irganli-r.
A. O. Mr<*a1lum. Recording secretary,
Wm.   McCallum.
LOCAL MOBTBBAX. BO. 1, S. 9. 0» C.
meet* fiuml»»» At Socialist Hall, e-nr.
ner 8t Hrl-atn ami Prince Arthur 8U..
at t p.m. lUialness meellng. Wednee-
.!*,«. S p.m. See retary. I'h. !"«uglinan,
I'   O   Box I4». Station B, Montreal
LOCAL OX-ACS BAT. Be, t, OP atABI-
Uaaa—Ileadijuartera In Rukasln Hlk.
Commercial St. Open every evening
Business snd Propaganda meeting al
headquarters every Thursday at I p m
Harold O^ Boaa, Secretary. Box SOS.
LOOAL OABMOBa, ALTA., Bo. 08. B 9.
of C. Headquarters at Mlner-t" Hall
Business meeting* evary Aral and second Sunday In the month. N. I)
Thachuk. Secretary. Box 117. Canmore.
Alta.  ^	
LOOAL BAB-DOB. B. C BO. SO. 8. 9. OT
C—Meets every Tuesday al J.iO p 111
ta the Sandon Miners' t'nlon Hull
Communications to tie *tdJr-*a«e<i Drawer   K,  Safldon.   B.„<V
^^^^^—r-, B. W. t fj
every Fridav at t p m. in Mln ts* Hall.
Nelson.  R   C     ?.  A. Austin. SecreUry
tubscribe for The Western Clarion.
LOCAL BSMOBTOB. ALTA., Bo. 1. 8.
P. nf C. Headquarters. 012 First St.
Business meetings .very Sunday at 4
p.m. altare. Our reading room Is open
to the iiuhllr free, from 4* a.m. to U
p.m dally. Secretary. J. A. S. Smith.
Organlxer. Wm. McQuold; Literature
Agent T.  D. Pratt.
Rhymes of Revolt
Neat Utile volume of virile versa
J-_.        Special   price
SMKh        tur qoanlltles
9ot  atalo  St
INFORMATION WANTED
Information ia wanted of the whereabouts of Martin Trulson. Trulaon Is
a miner by ocouiMUloo, but is now supposed to be engaged In railroad construction work on the Coast. Anyone
knowing his present sddress will confer a g. eet favor by writing to A. Shll-
i land. Sec re ^ry Miners' Union, Sandon. B. C.
Subscribe fer The Western Clarion.
The Dominion Executive hsve the following literature for saH». (Published
by the party.):
To
To  Indlvld-
, Locals   uals
per 100 a copy
Manifesto S. P. of C M.00      10c
What la SoclallamV  (.00      10c
Socialism     and     the    Survival   of   the   Fittest    (J
Connelli $2.76       Sc
The  Way  to  Power   (J.  B
Oefoorne)     	
Socialism and tJulontam*	
ttr. per doaen.
Struggle  for  Existence*	
26c pe    dnxeri.
State   and   Government*	
25c per dox<n.
Value, Price and Proflt""  2.00
10c per d'txen
■Express charges added.
1.00
1.00
1.00
!.7S
Sc
Sc
6e
ec
FBIOB  LIST OT BOBBLSB8
To
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Locals
tute their opinions in order to obtain Due stamps  ..10.10
notortety upon the backs of the work- j K.I.X: -&3K»t.   :U
ers.    As for selling themselves, we
AFTERMATH OF THE RUHR STRIKE
do a°t pretend to know. Tbey may
have scabbed upon the other political
hirelings.
Tours In revqlt,
VINCENT FRODSHAM.
The gi-eat coal strike in Germany ot
last year was "hampered by the action
of the Christian unions, which assisted
Dues Cards   1.00
Constitutions    1 He each
(Above prices per 100)
Receipt Booka  10 each
Warrant  Booka   t% each
Buttona (party)   3.60 dos.
do. to Individuals SO each
Executive
Committees
$0.08
.20
.40
.10
1.00
f 1.00 dot
1.60dos
S.OOdos
TAacooraa local ao. 1, a. ». or 0.
has the following cloth-bound books on
sal*.    Make all money orders payable to
3. N. Smith, 213 Hastings St. ft., Van*
couver, B. O.
Each
Capital, vols. 1, 2 and t $2.00
Tha Eastern Question  (Marx)  2.00
Critique of Pol. Economy (Marx).... 1.00
the owners In securing evldenee j Anei?nt Lowly.'vol. 1 and 2 (Ward! 1.10
against the strikers. More than 200rt*
strikers have been prosecuted. Of 1206
cases, 209 men and 84 women were
sent to prison, 274 men and 148 women were fined, 280 men and 92 women were acquitted, and In 29 cases
the charges were withdrawn. Women
offenders with tin weaned babies had to
take them to prison with them.
TO ROME FOR OROER8
It Is reported tbat a delegation from
tho Catholic Workers Union of Germany, conducted by the general secretary Fournelle, has been received by
the Cardinal Merry del Val. Twenty
priests accompanied them. Tbe Catholic Union Is at odds with the "Christian" Union, and it Is surmised that
the Pope will bo asked to condemn the
latter.
Ancient Society  (Morgan)  1.S0
Materialistic Conception of History
(Labrlola)     -  1.00
Philosophical  Es«ays (Dletsgen)  1.00
Industrial     History     of     England
(Rogers)  2.00
Students'  Marx   (Aveling)  1,00
ao-oaat Booka
9clones and Revolution  (Untermann.)
'ha World'a Revolutions (Untermann.)
Socialism,   Ita   Growth   and   Outcome
(Bax A Morrla.)
Soclallam for Students  (Cohan.)
Evolution of Property (Lafargue.)
Bight To Be Laay, Etc, (Lafargue.)
Claaa Struggle (Kautsky.)
Militant  Proletariat  (Austin  Lewis.)
Making of the World (Myers.)
End of the World (Myers.)
Value, Price and Proflt (Marx.)
Revolution     and    Counter-Revolution
(Marx.)
Memoirs of Karl Marx (Llebknecht.)
Origin of th* Family (Engals.)
Socialism, Utopian and Scientific (Engels.) 1
Oerma of Mind In Plants.
(Prices Include express charges)
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention aswemhied, affirm
onr allegiance to and support of tbe principles and programme of tb«
revoliiUonary working class.
labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong
The present economic ayatem is based upon capitalist ownership of
tbe mesne of production, consequently stl the products of labor belong
to the capitalist class. Tbe capitalist la therefore master; the worker
a slave.
/ 80 long as the" capitalist class remain* In possession of the reins
of government all the powers of tbe State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights In the means of wealth production snd
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increaatng measure of
misery snd degradation.
The Interest of the working elsss lies In the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
systam, under which la cloaked the robbery of the working claas st the
point of production. To accomplish thla necessitates thc transforms
(ion of capitalist property In the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of Interest between the capitalist and
tbe woi her la rapidly culminating In a Btruggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capltallat to hold, the worker to secure It
by political action.   This Is tbe class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organise under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with the object of conquering tbe
public powers for the purpose of setting up end enforcing the economic
programme of the worklag class, aa follows.
1. Tbe tranaformatlon, aa rapidly aa possible, of capitalist prop
erty in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factor!*-*,
mills, railroads, etc.) Into tbe collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organisation and management of Industry by
tbe. workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when In office shall always and everywhere
until the present system Is abolished, make the answer to this ques
tlon Its guiding rule of conduct: Wlll this legislation advance the
interests of the working clasa and aid the workers in their class strug
gle agalnat capitalism? If It will, the Socialist Party Is for It; If It
will not, the Soelaliat Party Is absolutely opposed to IL
In accordance with thla principle the Soelaliat Party pledges Itself
to conduct sll the public affaire placed In Ita handa In such a manner
aa to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
Pamphlets
mmeeeseemtmsmssemsmmmammsmmsmsmmmmissmatmmsmmmm
NOW READY
To Locals, $2.76 par 100
35c per dozen
REVISED MICE [Includes Rx*preasa«e]
SOCIALISM AND
THK SURVIVAL
OF THI FITTEST
(By J. Oonnall, author
of "Tho Rod Flag").
THI WAY TO
POWSB
(By J. B. Oiborna)
' ism  ■:■::■ .jiiis i.-:v:.ik flATCRPAY JULY  19,  1913
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OFTIadT
Till" pa«e l« devoted to report* of Bxecutiv-, *-«™irrr. "	
T"' General Party Mattara    Addrea. all eom'S-mieaffi^ J^"1"'  «_
Hecretary, Sis Main St, Vancouver, B, -*,      *-""'*"'■ to J. H. Burrough.
-ISLSgTER-N  CLABION. VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
NOTICE TO" CORRESPONDENTS
Write on one side ef the paper only.
Da not put the words or linos too close
toaether. Oo not abbreviate your
Lords. It sending more then two
•heels, number them consecutively,
i--ving a margin on tha left aids for
he purpose. Do this, and ws wlll rise
up and esll yeu bleaeed. .
a. 0.
COaUUTTKB.
Convened at 61« Main atreet, June 30,
"LLf,it: Pritchard, Connor, Haiilm
.,.,1 g«retary Pritchard in tha chair.
Mlnuiea or previous meatlng adopted
M read.    Routine c«rre*tK>nd-----*e dealt
*'!iiii-i Local Vancouver No. I, bound
■JJ-, 11.00. BXpresa chsr*. ■*. JSe,
Warrants ordered  drawn.    .
Tli* Vancouver Island situation waa
lisruased ainl secretory Instructed tn
*i'rit« tli*- Iocs1* concerned.
■naaJMaat Kavort.
RBCBIPlir
Local    I'limherland    No.    70,
stamps   ■—       	
j,* printing       	
I.lti-rature aalea
HJ, Th° Hroviscial executive wlll do
^r-.^rt,.aKnd U on,-¥ ***-*>** to'the
do "Srs8 thr0UB,,oul th« »*™vlnce to
(Note.
' & .■?elow» •uch as myself used to
,iook forward to the weekend, when
; we would go to a theatre or the town
; nan to hear a lecture from an orator,
i such a« Phillip Snowden, Kier Hardie,
Ramsay McDonald, Cunningham Graham,  Hyndman, Victor Grayson and
many others. Having been matured in
I these surroundings no wonder that we
reel as lf we were being held in sub-
iJectlon by some subtle element that
j we have not come up against or ex-
j perlenced before.
Re  the   financial    position  ot the
SUMMARIZED REPORT
of the
PROCEEDINGS OF THE ALBERTA
PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE.
CONFERENCE  *
_.       k D. McM.
ine above was written be ' —     ,.-„.........   ...   ,,re
for** -Com, McMillan knew that the i c]arion- lf- **aa been suggested by one
Winnipeg comrades had formed a Pro-i?f ,he m*embe" of this local here, to
vlnclal executive for Manitoba andihave tbe mo»-thly stamp assessment
waa addressed to th* locals and com-i ral8ed t0 15 cenU-- B centB to he used
■*"-'-"-■•■■■■ The lstifTA.tpr I'larlon maintenance purposes. Wa
as a local would be prepared to support such a proposition, providing; tt
was generally entertained in the or-
Kanl7.at.on.  ■
dues
 I
too
1.70
S.20
KXPKN8KH.
jtt iier *arrani»
114*0
J. II.
14,3**.
BirimouoH.
H*cr<-tsry.
DOMialO*
June SO.   lt!i.
(V-ivi-ned aa Sttove.
air
oomaui-raa
Pritchard In the
Minutes of previous  meetlns adopted
at n
1
l«„, m« --oiTesjEHmdeoca dealt with
mil,. K- T. Klnaraloy. nrtntinj* 5.000
««lalistu and Surv" xl of the Pltteat
!T .■•-•-..■ml. $4*; 1,000 blllheada. II .0.
*~cr«t»ry'a was** to July «. #18.; Bun-
,'lrv satH-UeS, ll.tB: P. O. stamp-.. It*.*.*);
H it l«t>t- 'No. 7»). 82.68. Warrants
-.if-Jv-r-*'! -rtr-swii.
Chartar si-anted to Local Reld  Hill.
* Wl'nnlpaa i-oeal having foi-m«d a Pro-
iinrisl Ksetutlve Commutes for Manitoba riet-rmtary was Instructed to no-
■Ifr then lhat Ihe Commute* would W
tfrnicntaed as a provisional body, pending rttlflrallon by th* provincial mem-
A.iv-rtlslnf offer from Th* Milwaukee
Ueder    refused.      All    correapon-lc-nc*
T'-.r prir* of th* new pamphlet*. "8o-
nslloni snd the tar-rival of the Piltest."
sail "The Way lo Power."' was oOSSld-
*,.-,! and i-nlered advanced to II Ti pe>
i.w. ,„plwi to cov»r express eharoe. and
,-t r.f IM.  MW   of Ihe .alter
Th* sds'-a'Mlltv of devlelfia* l»etter
u.innor'.y Keport Catr-la waa ronaiderrd
*-.,! L-f!  over for  future cnn*!d«-rstlw-,
RBCnWPTa:
Ural Ij-IUbrldx*. So   I*, on aie
.*.»M-rta Kxee. Com. Charter fee
Clarion  Hubs A  Bdle
Uteist-f- sales
rades of both provinces.    ....   ,,,,,, .    .
executive has  been  Informed of the a* a local wou,<i be Prepared to sup-
project, and Manitoba locals and com-
rades (an communicate with their own
executive  as to    dates for Comrade
Peters.-~JV H. Burrough, Sec, «E. C).
RED RAVEN PICNIC. *
June 20th was the day fixed for the
second annual picnic of the comrades
In the Old and Innlsfalll ridings, locals Hed and South Haven united to
pull off a real "Joyfest." and great
were the preparations. The boys and
girls    were    conspiring    for    weeks
Manitoba Locale and Comrades,
Attention!
The comrades of Ixtcal Winnipeg
No. l have formed a Provincial Executive Committee, which has been recognised by the D. B. C, provisionally
upon tbe new executive being endorsed by the provincial membership. You
are therefore requested to notify the
provincial   secretary   (name  and  ad-
such as one only gets in the countrv,
not the smooth, white, plastic poison
peddled from proletarian palaces Id
the dty; not the "'Merry Widows" and
"Sunny Jims, whose deadly aftermath we know so well, but real froten
cream of the cow, eggs of the feathered biped, Galina, to-wit, compounded
with the bonny rogue Sir Sugar, and
pies* Shades of little Jack Horner!
Such pies, deep pies, pies whose seductive interiors rival the lure of women, pies full nf honey apri ambrosia, pics madi- to eat, strictly use-values. Was there cake? Nay, nay,
airy creationa "for which the speech
of Kngland ban no name." delicate lay'
ers of sweetness, melting on the pal
ate "like snow on the desert face."
Others, not skilled in culinery <un-
nlnx tx-ihi* male—directed their en
eraies towards crocting thc booths, and
arranging those details so necessary
to the success of any enterprise.
Speakers were   also to   be on tbe
grounds. In order that the assembly
n t-i^jlecreiary "would have better I might have  some  mental  relaxation,
nunc f-u-llHSee for parly statistics        (Th„ arrtbgr waa sent forth from Ed
jmonton to perform, and on Thursday,
.jthe l»th, be boarded the train, south
i on! bound, Just aa the muttered threats of
r.r, oo; had weather came rumbling up from
•*■»*> the    mountains.     Lightning    flashed
j,- R0 along the southern borixon, boding III
i for the success of our picnic.   Heavily
,.■■■■   „.™ :si«-«-nt drops fell on the platform. How-
^•retary rv*r' on arr1val at Innisfali bright and
early at 4 a.m , the rain stopped, and
the sun arone with the promise of good
{weather.    Alsa!    it  was    not to be.
His.-olsix hours' drive   through   the   mud
fcheers-d bv the ever enthusiastic con-
I i.soI ...    - ... j- i —  -. u- ...
IS
 .„           dress below) of your acquiescence or
ahead.   "Do you think this pale-blue otherwise In the action taken.
ribbon suits the color of my hair"-"!    Tne committee Is composed of the
What do you think about that new' following comrades:
cinch?   Figure It wlll help any-In the      Secretary-*-*. C. McCutcheon, Room
races?"   Older and wiser heads con-1 4- 53° Ma,n 8t- Winnipeg.
spired over the delicatessen- Icecream '    Treasurer—W. H. Stebblngs
G. Armstrong, W. Breeze, J. Watson,
A. Parsons and J. Co-ion.
The D. B. C. bespeak your wholehearted and generous support for the
new executive in the strenuous times
ahead of us.
HERE AND NOW.
KXPKNHKH
A» per warrant'.
J   14
IU
or. l,.ind   June Si
BrttJsa Oa-t-aaaMa.
T    Tumashansky
W*.  June*
N   l.nmhert
C   H.»ile
A   l-'Mllsnd
U«*l  Va*H-<*uv->r No.  44   (Pin
Oesefte.
!,<>< ul St, Catherines,  tin
Wrt-Bllutn   Bros
J"
I'm-  Prov,  Rs*e. I'-.mmltlr
■■<•.■
t.t.w
, oo
10 00
Tuto
.    I 00
1.00
"as.ooi
,11
cxaaioa Poa-uaazMO aocotnrr,
at*. IH
Hun-lles   .
I'lrt-ctory
A<l#
iVinilns
lUlltltix
and   Mallinc
1-ll.rature^aala*
Ral.
Wm
B. O.
In hand. June IS
C. K1»W  .
"al  m hand, July 7
tmi Te
tft.lt
10.00
151.00
5U
T21.S0
versatlon of Comrade Lee. brought us
10 the picnic grounds. Ye gods, how
It rained! It sprinkles at times in
Vancouver, it leaks occasionally at
Penile, but it rains at Red Haven.
Nevertheless, despite the fact that
neat white dresses were miserably bc-
di'-iggled, In tho lace of red-trimmed
hata limp and In-stained with dye, in
(ln>--riul defiance of the rain running
down their necks and leaking into
• -.»-■• hosts, boys and girls held tenaciously to tho Idea of merry-making.
They had come tbere to picnic, and
picnic they would.
There  were  races.    Ponies sliding
and slithering through the mud.    He-
., mired  riders,  delirious  with  the ec-
i 00 j stacy of rapid motion and the element
5,,0!of real danger, vociferoualy defied the
tiiTti weather authorities   and   played the
game.   Tbe speechee were not forgotten.    Comrade Hanson spoke In Danish to   the   Scandinavian   comrades.
iiiilo while  Woods  and  Hudden  gave the
I3«.«&  Kngllsh for revolt-   A quantity of literature was sold through tbe actlvl-
Hiea of Charlie Woods.
With tbe aproach ot   evening, the
dull   Indlgo-tlnged    clouds    closed In
more gloomily.   "Mist, like wreaths of
departed days, arose In the glades and
I woodland reaches, tilling ail the land-
  scape with ghostly dream trees and
To the locals and comrsdes of 8as-| phantom thickets. Tall spruce trees
katche-Vhn: The Provincial executive j towered In the weird dying light,
wmmmlttee have decided to start out | gloomily maj*-stlc. mysteriously funer-
'otnrado Harry Peters on sn orgaais  *
TO THE SASK. MEMBERSHIP
n« tour through the districts of Her
'"•rt and Collins tn t-taskatchewau, ui.
"le Kith of July.
This decision haa been arrived at as
'I'" youngest local in Saskatchewan,
namely, Roseland. bad aaked for a
»i"«ker to tour through tho farmers
'" their district and offering to defray
i'i* exiienaea. Comrade Peters is a
fin., speaker and understands both the
'"rt'istrlel and farming sides of tbe
•'■TKgle for existence. Thi* being so
**'■* wish to keep Comrade Peters In
'he Held for good until we have ' a
•"ring of locals throughout the prov-
Me, Hut this can only be done by all
•'»■ loeala to whom I havo sent orgsnlx-
•nn cards, snd all the acattered corn-
fades throughout the province to be up
"n-1 doing their very beat to roll In the
oollara necessary. Surely we older
''--sis and comrades will not let It be
»»ld that after the youngest local
•hawing us such a splendid example
w« failed to respond. Therefore, let
[>« he up and doing, and -rest assured
"■at every dollar and dime sont In
'"oana another nail In tho coffin of the
R'o« hellish ayatem that man has ever
•laved under.
Now, boya, lets see how you can hus-
'''• for the only cause worth working*
Jor-the emancipation of the workers
""oat the chains ot wage slavery.
All contributions to bo sent to D. Mc-
•■■•■Ian, Provincial Secrotary-Troas-
uror of Saskatchewan Executive Com-
■""toc, 82 Main St., South Hill, Moose
Jaw. »
1 feraaln, yours In anticipation,
D, McMUXAN.
•*•■.—1 am tryln*. to arrange a series
2,r lectures through Saskatchewan for
V,""*rad» Moses Barlts ot Manchester.
u,.u.„?,t wh0 '• ■l»eaklng In Winnipeg
tt   ni      •  ,Un- "ft,9r which ho goes
'* '*randon. Any local or comrade
"no wiahes his servlcos for propagan-
•■ • wm he pleased to hear rrom. If
-"".''■-'■■Ponse to Comrades Peters and
Jn.1 tour •» eatlafactory, wo will
endeavor to have a aeries of tours by
"fnmlnrnt apeakere.    So It is up to
(By  "Little  Yorkie.")
The circulation of this paper is grow*
ing slow but sure, but too slow whea
we consider the quality of tbe dope
which this Western Clarion puU before
tbe wage slaves of Canada Thla
paper has the reputation of being the
best-Informed paper on tbe whole of
the American continent in the way of
advocating scientific Socialism, and
yet we receive but scanty support
Of course this paper is not out primarily for a large circulation, but we
muat have a larger one than now in
order to keep it tn existence, and we,
who are Socialists, are not going to
see It die. Therefore, be it resolved
"that each and every reader ot the
Western Clarion do his 'darndeat' to
send in Just one sub. before the next
issue."
This should not be too difficult when
we consider tbe famous story of Jack
London's "Iron Heel," commencing to
mn through tbe columns of this paper.
The comrades in Vancouver have
been very active on the streets this
[jast month, and to their credit is tbat {
about 700 of the 1-at issue ot tl *
Western Clarion wat. .to.J, along with
all kinds of other literature. Can
other centres of population do tbe
same?
The following comrades keep on digging sway at the mass of igaoranee
prevailing in Canada, and will persist
in doing so. Watch and see how frequently their names appear in this
column.
Y.
J. Jenkins (City)     5
I). Thomson (St Cats.)    3
J. Sidaway   (City)    4
W. Wilson (City)     3
C. Steen (City)    3
\V. Cribble (Regina)    8
.1. C McCutchan (Winpeg)   3
J, Mclnnls (S. Ft. George)   3
W. L. Phillips (Fernle)    2
M. Llghtstone (Montreal)	
H.  T.  Bastable  (Brandon.
Man.)       1     1     1
H. Henderson (City)      2   ....
Single*   (Yearlies)
C. J. Corbmen, T. D. Pratt, Local
Rossland No. 10, Sask.; H. G. Hills. W.
Jones, B. B. Polinkas. B. Simpson, T.
Terkula. W. P. Black.
Half-Veariiea
II. Adle. G. Borland, H. Radford, W.
Hayes, N. Macauley. Alf. Budden, A.
Yonker, A Goldsmith, W. B. Harden-
l.iirir, Miss Sophie Mushkat, A. R.
Pearson, C. Champion.
Quarterlies
W. B. Bird. J. Churgin. S. 1,-arsen. C.
P. Robertson. A. D. Codling.
H.
3
Held In Calgary, May 20-21, W3.
The Conference, which was called
by the regularly elected Executive, and
at which delegates from locals otusidc
tbe seat of the Executive met, was held
ln the headquarters of Local No. 4, at
134 Ninth Ave.. West
Tbe assembled delegates were called
to order at 3:20 p.m., May 20, by the
Provincial Secretary, aad on calling
for nominations for a temporary chairman, be was elected as such by ac-
ciammation.
In a few words the chairman outlined the object ot the Executive ln
calling the Conference, pointing ont to
those present, the fact that, at m special meeting or the Executive called
for the purpose of discussing "Organisation aad Tactics," the following resolution waa adopted: "That an Executive Conference, aa provided in Article
III.. Section 1, of the Constitution, be
called for tbe 20-21 of May, for the
purpose of discussing and determining
on waya and means for carrying out
plans for more thorough and effective
propaganda and organization ln this
Province; and that the Secretary of
the Executive be instructed to write to
all Alberta locals, inviting them to send
delegates to the aforesaid Conference."
A copy of the following circular letter, issued to locals by the Provincial
Secretary, in compliance with the instructions in the foregoing resolution,
was read to the assembled delegates.
Calgary. March 2», 1913.
Comrades: At a special meeting of
the Alberta Executive Committee, held
March 18, the matter of holding a Conference in' Calgary with delegates from
the various Alberta locals, was discussed.
It was decided to ask each'local to
send one delegate to meet the P. E. C.
In conference on May 20*21, In Calgary,
such delegate to bo constituted a member, temporarily, of tho regularly elected Executive.
The object of the Conference will be
the discussion and consideration of
organization and tactics of the 8. P.
of C. in Alberta.
Bach Local sending delegate will be
expected to furnish the railway fare
to and from Paltrary. and pay the hotel
expenses of the delegate during the
two days of the Conference—Msy 20-21.
The place of meeting will be decided
upon later, but each delegate, upon arrival will immediately report with credentials furnished by his or her local,
at the headquarters, 134 Ninth Ave.
West
This meeting; will not be -recognized
as a Convention: which requires a general vote (see Constitution), but as a
meeting of tbe Executive, with additional deleeates from locals outside
the seat of the P. E. C, aa provided In
Article III., Section 1, of the Constitution.
Please communicate the action of
your local in this matter at the earliest
possible date.
The Alberta Prov. Ex. Committee,
per Burt B. Anderson. Sec'y.
The chairman, announcing the next
bualness In order, the election ot a
Committee on  Credentials, a motion
was made "that the chair appoint a
committee of two." The motion carried,  and  the  chair appointed  Wm.
Scott and Leona Anderson sa a Committee   on    Credentials,   instructing
them to exami---   the credentials ot delegates, and report to the meeting. The
Committee, having completed its work,
•, reported ten delegates asd two proxies
•■   present.    Th« fnllnwlni? lo-*ala uiivsr.
8
The following locals answer*
PAGE THJREE
eal In poise and color. The pltter, patter of the ceascleai rain and the drip,
rlrip. drip of wAtcr shed frotn unnumbered leaves, tended to produce a feeling of gloom In the minds of those
present Realizing this, the manaRcrs
(amongst whose number Hen I*ee is
conspicuous) summoned the forces,
and a dBsh wa* made to a nearby
empty house to finish the day as well
ss possible.   And we danced, wet and
i^Ta^ilnw?-^ "9n**° Va,,*y " whlch m"»* ln
girls and teUtfOTtoad It down. wai«e ^ c   ^.g^..,   Tntt
i^I^^lJaJIatt"M^^II4SM^^   «**™*~     *     ^*nh*X  Sch0°1"
ever-popular quadrilles were1 pent rmea ^^ ^^ TotM wero ^.j for Alf.
Budden. the Producers' candidate, 'at
the last election. Thirteen beats nine,
but 'tis but a commencement
"Throw off the bareback riders, and
down with Capitalism" ia the greeting
from Snake Valley Local to Its com-
BIRTH
Champion, Alta.. June 19. 1913.
To the 8. P. of C. a thirteeu pounder
on Sunday, June 15, 4 p.m. Doctors
Vincent Frodsham and T. E. Smith In
attendance, and assisted the new-comer
Into this world, and pronounced him ss
henlthv and vigorous a youngster as
--osi-lb.e under the Capitalist system.
Tremendous growth In the future is
assured.     The youngster was chris
with energy. In a room filled with vs
por arising from rapidly drying clothe*
ami the haxe from pipes and cigarettes.
More lt;o cream and still more, soft
drinks, cakes and sandwiches, llavor-
ed with good fellowship, sustained the
whirling lads and lassies until the sun
nut mo-^nt end all trooped ra?~;„ from t ktcker at capjuH,,,,,
arose
home to bed. .      ..
Better luck next time, comrades, uo
to it. you are doing too! ^^
ST. CATHERINES. ONT.
Editor  Clarion.—Well   the  fight
Is
GEO. R. DENNIS.
Champion,
Alberta.
A   MONUMENT  TO   LABOR
From one of the concrete pillars ot
„„ The matter bas been considered at j the Mississippi river, at Keokuk, Iowa
a few trade union locals, and a rather l protrudes a human hand. Beyond that
i,*.o»«,i -Hsnmalon was experienced by hsnd lies the body of a laborer who
on
heated discussion was export
the delegates ot the trades council. At
their last meeting, the Individual, nn
alderman of the city corporation, ana
a trade union tailor was the sucker of
the capitalist system, who submitted
the by-law and* carried the measure
through. He la also en official (or
runner) of the Trades Council, Incited
In all probability by some holy aspiration.
There is some talk of forming a freo
Speech league here and with the combined efforts of other collective associations some action may be taken In
the near future to have the measure
withdrawn.
Tho majority of our members here
aro British and to have this sort of
decree handed ont Is foreign to ua, in
disappeared several weeks ago. His
hody cannot be removed without destroying an Important portion of the
dam. and therefore it muat lie embedded In the cement for many decades
and centuries which will pass before
the dam yields to the action of the
elements.
Never had labor a finer monument
Never waa there an object lesson more
likely to Impress on the world the
truth that every great work of even
civilisation In built with the flesh and
Mood of the tollers.—-8an Francisco
Bulletin.
On the anniversary of the murder nf
250 strikers ln the gold mines, April
17th. 1912, numerous one-day atrlkea
this^boasted land of plenty ami privl- took place all over Russia.
ft
ed to roll call: Edmonton, Lethbridge,
Diamond, Canmore, South Raven. Red
Raven (proxy). Red Deer, Erskine,
-] Linda (proxy), Calgary.
'•- The next bualness being the election
of a permanent chairman. Delegates
David Metkle, of Calgary Local, and
Sam Larson j*f Lethbridge Local, were
nominated. Larson withdrew in favor
of Meikle. and on ballot the latter was
elected and took the chair. Wm. Scott
of Local Calgary, waa selected to act
as Recording secretary of the Conference.
The minutes of the special meeting
of the Executive referred to in above
letter were read and approved.
A letter to the Committee from Organizer Frodsham. relating to hla work
in the Province was read. Ordered
filed.
A letter of greeting, addressed to the
delegates, from Wilfrid Gribble, was
read.   Ordered Died.
Reports of delegates were then called
for.
Delegate Delaney, of Local Diamond
No. 48. took the floor, and reported"
that propaganda in his district waa going fine. Anent the recent election, he
emphasized the need of more efficient
machine work during campaigns In order to more effectively carry on the
Party work, and show better results at
the polls. He spoke tn glowing terms
of Joe Knight the Lethbridge candidate, and described his campaign aa
clean and vigorous.
' Delegate Larsen, of Local Lethbridge No. 13. next obtained the floor
and reported that Local to be in a
healthy and vigorous condition with a
membership of 45. He also referred
to the clean manner ln which the campaign of Joe Knight waa conducted,
and deacrlbed the vilifying and mud-
si Inglng tactics to which the supporters ot J. O. Jones stooped in their frantic efforts to prejudice the Lethbridge
electorate.
Delegate Thackuk, of Local Canmore
No. 52, reported much opposition in
Canmore and its consequent result-
further progress along the line of So-
-Mallst agitation and education. Meetings were highly successful and great
interest was manifested. He reported
discrimination by the mine management against miners who had been active during the campaign. These, he
said, were rapidly being dropped from
the company pay-roll.
Delegate Knight, ef Local Edmonton
No. 1, obtaining the floor, reported
things moving in the right direction in
Edmonton. After a period of apathy
the Local manifested symptoms of renascent activity. K rich harvest waa
there, he said, ripened and ready tor
the reapera. He also reported that
the aeries of splendid lectures being
delivered in that city by Co-mad Alf
Budden, and successful open air meetings, were doing a great deal towards
the growth of interest in the Socialist
philosophy. Comrade Knight apoke at
considerable length and hla report waa
most encouraging, indicating as It did,
that the movement in the capital was
rapidly reviving and assuming a positive attitude.
Delegate McNeill, of Local Ersklne
No. 32, late Socialist candidate in the
Stettler District, reported good progress being made. He described the
growing strength of tbe movement la
the District, and compared the Socialist vote with the vote polled for the
old-party candidates. (Soc. 198* Con.,
907: Lib., 928). Two new locale of the
S. P. C. were formed in this district
by Organizer Frodsham, in April, 1913.
(Star Ridge and Nevis). 	
Delegate Andersen of South Raven
No. 44, reported the movement In the
territory west of Red -Deer In good
shape, considering the sparsely settled
nature of the country; and tbat the Socialists of the District were awake to
tbe possibilities of educational work
among tbe benighted. As proxy for
Local Red Raven No. 46, he called the
attention of the Executive to the tact
that, owing to the poor mail service,
and the distance ot some of the comrades from poetofflces, it waa difficult
to arrange meetings, and requested
that ample notice be given when organizers were to be sent into tbe district.
Delegate Snell, of Local Red Deer
No. 11 reported that Local In a flourishing and healthy state, holding successful propaganda meetings every
week. This Local took the Initiative,
and together with tbe other S. P. C.
locals In the riding, was flrst to place
ln the Held a candidate for the Provincial elections, Oeorge Peton, of Con
tent who was nominated at a conven
tion ot the combined locals (8. P. C.)
of the Red Deer riding, on January ;3
Comrade Sjell stated that in addition
to the very apparent progress in the
town ot Red Deer, they were extending their lines into the surrounding
countrv. finding among the farmers
growing Interest and a ready reception
for the philosophy of Socialism.
Deleoste McNeill, ae proxy fer Local
Linda No. 45, renorted that this Local,
composed of enthusiastic Finnish com*
rades. was an activ? factor tn the late
campaign, and cotert solidly Socialist
Deleqate Christiansen, ef Local Caf-
irary No. 4. reported the formation b"
Organizer Frodsham. of a branch local
In North Calgary, having 15 members
to start with. In the course of his remarks he referred to the difficulties
which were hampering the efforts of
the Calgary boya in carrying on propaganda; particularly the fact that the
use of locsl halls and theatres had
been denied them upon one pretext or
another; and the exodus of the members (in search of masters) to other industrial centers, until only a few were
left. Notwithstanding the necessity of
vacating the present headquarters, he
aaid, the remaining members of Local
Calaary bad indicated a determination
to carry on. an best they could, propaganda hy imans of street meetings,
and the distribution of literature.
C. M. O'Brien, ex-member of the
Alberta Leclsletive Assembly, had entered the hall a lew moments before
the conclusion of reports of 'elegatea,
and upon Delegate Christianson resum*
tne his seat there were shouts of
"Charlie O'Brien'" "Speech! Speech!"
On a motion to suspend the rules,
the xenial and popular exponent of
working-class polities took the floor
and spoke for several minutes on the
larger aspects of the movement in Alberta, reviewing the progress made by
the Partv during the last four years.
Tn cloning be referred to present conditions, and emphasized the need of a
larger membership and the consequent
increased per capita, for the purnose
of carrying on the work of the Party
ln this Province.
He endorsed the recent action of the
Alberta Executive in instituting a referendum for a paid secretary, aad
pointed out the need of having a Secretary who could devote his time to
such work as would further the interests ot the Party; showing how such
a policy would tend to more systematic
and effective organization.
At thla point Deleqate Delaney Inquired as to the result of the referendum on the paid secretary.
The Provincial Secretary replied,
that while 8 locale had failed to vote,
those locals that had submitted returns
voted tn favor At the first and second
propositions by large majorities; the
third proposition being lost
The "propositions' were embodied
in a circular, letter, dated March 16, to
all locale, of which the following is an
extract:
"1st Is your Local ln favor of establishing a Provincial Offlce of the S. P.
C. In Alberta, with a paid Secretary
to devote his time wholly to the proper
handling of Provincial Party matters?
"Und. It so, are you In favor of a
monthly asseasment being levied upon
the Alberta membership, on a per capita baaia, tor the purpose of meeting
the necessary expenses?
"3rd. Or are you in favor of each
local ln Alberta contributing to a 'Contingent Fund.' a stated sum per month
for the same purpose, as a local, and to
which Individuals could subscribe?"
1st Proposition: tor, 139; against.
10; total, 149.
2nd Proposition: for. 93; against. 39;
total, 132. ,
3rd Proposition: for. 57; against 67;
total, 124.
Motion that thla Conference tale
steps to carry out the provisions of the
referendum which bed carried.
After some discussion on the amount
of the assessment *~3cesaary to maintain a paid offlce, the motion was put
and carried without dissent.
Motion that the membership be assessed 20c per month per capita. Carried.
Motion that the srlary of the Provincial Secretary he 875 a month. Carried.
Motion that the present Incumbent
B. E. Anderson, be aaked to continue
in offlce for the remainder of the term.
Carried. %
The matter of the maintenance of
the Weatern Clarion was introduced
and aroused considerable discussion.
The suggestion waa offered by Comrade Conway of the Executive, that we
consider starting a local bonus scheme,
but received no support. A resolution
"that we should rather consider means
ot increasing the circulation of our
Party paper" was adopted.
Comrade O'Brien suggested that the
comrades should do more toward contributing abort, pithy articles, and local newa of interest to the Party. He
also gave many valuable hints relative
to the writing for publication, of articles suitable for beglnera In the movement
The following resolution was introduced, discussed and unanimously adopted : "Resolved, That this Conference recommend to all Alberta Locals
of the S. P. C, tbat they adopt a rale
requiring all members to sabecrlbe to
The Western Clarion for a period of
one year; and that the price of tha said
subscription be paid with ihe lint
month'a dues."
The Conference at 6 P. II, took a -recess for one and one-halt boars.
Called to order at 7:30 P. M., with
Comrade Meikle in the chair. All dele*
gates answered. Ja roll call.
The value of Socialist (-amp-meetings
and picnics, both in towns aad ia rural
communities, as a meaas of *«^ttfws;
the movement more closely together,
was discussed at length.
Information yas requested as to
what had been accomplished hy the
Executive along this line.
In reply the Provincial Secretary
stated that the Executive had. at various times, discussed ways and meaas
for bringing locale of the 8. P. C. into
closer and more Intimate relations;
and at the special meeting held March
18, had endorsed the idea of holding
picnics and camp-meetings on aa extended scale throughout tbe Province.
The Executive had already recommended to various locate the holding ot
social gatherings of this nature, aad
were doing their best to promote the
move. Arrangements were being made
to hold Socialist picnics la the following districts: Innisfail riding, Jane X0;
Lethbridge. July 1; Little Bow riding,
(about) July 9; Canmore, September 1.
The following resolution waa adopted
after considerable discussion.
"Reeolved. that thla Conference re-
commend to all Alberta locals, that
steps be taken to select some oae local
In each electoral division, suitably located, as a central point in these divisions, from which operations might he
conducted during campaigns."
It was suggested by Delegate Knight
that we encourage locals to correspond
with each other, and with the Executive, keeping in touch wltb conditions
ta the Province.
-Comrade C. M. O'Brien eeggestsd
that the Executive send a good organizer Into the Crow-meat Pass in the
near future. He pointed ont the tact
that fa the region mentioned there fat
much material for the Increase of onr
membership, and the strengthening ot
the Party, both In forming aew locate
and getting sabs and funds to keep the
Clarion going. Such a man, he stated,
should have organising ability, and
need not be a speaker, or propagandist
in the ordinary sense, bat a rustler
wbo could go from town to town, organizing loeala, getting new members,
and gathering subs for the Clarion.
Delegate Knight, in the coarse of a
few remarks relative to organizing
work, pointed out some ot the many
difficulties encountered by organizers
when on the road, the elimination of
which wonld enable them to make their
tours more profitable. For example,
organizers are obliged, ln many cases,
to pat up at hotels at their own ex*.
peaae after holding meetings, and are
per"iaps complimented oa the "auc*
ceai" of the meeting hy local comrades
who name with evident satisfaction
the amount of money cleared and pat
In the local treasury. (!) If organizers
could be put up with some comrade ln
each case, or their hotel expenses arranged for, the organisers would not
be compelled to dig Into their owa
parses to such a large extent Comrade
Knight described some of hla own experiences aa an organiser, and in many
instances he was evidently expected
to consider himself the recipient of a
favor in being permitted ta speak, and
after the meeting would be allowed to
go on bis wsy without any effort being
made to ascertain bis expenses.
A lengthy general discussion took
piece aa regards the relative positions
of the 8. P. of C. snd the S. D. P., and
reformist tactics ta particular, upon
the introduction of the resolution, "Resolved, That nothing abort of the complete overthrow of the capitalist system. Is the mission of the revolutionary
working clasa of which the 8. P. of
C. la a part"
On bet-fig put, tie resolution waa
adopted.
Comrade O'Brien suggested te the
comrades that by sending in their reports of Party newa promptly, they
would he assisting the Clarion In keening members ln touch with condltioos,
and each other.
Comrade Meikle offered the suggestion that something might be done by
local comrades in securing ads for la-
sertion tn the Party organ.
"Resolved, That we endeavor to increase, by every means possible, the
circulation of the Clarion, as being the
best means ot maintaining onr paper,"
Adopted unanimously.
"Resolved. That this Conferenec recommend that all donationa to the
Weatern Clarion Maintenance Fund be
accompanied, whenever possible, hy a
list of possible future subscribers, to
the amount of the donation." Adopted
unanimously.
Adjourned, 9:15 P. M.. Mar tl.
WM. M. 8COTT,
Recording Secretary.
Nearly 10.000,000 votes were cast for
Socialist candidates laat year, divided
aa follows:
Germany  .4438,000
Auatria    1,060,000
France „ 1,106.000
Italy      ._.. 338.000
Norway      1X0,000
United States  800.000
Finland   .„ — SSO.OOO
Sweden  - „ ~~ 178.000
Switxerland   -..  105,000
Denmark „.    88,700
Belgium   - - 680,000
Other countries   "182,000
Of parliamentary representatives
Germany haa 110. Austria 82, France
74. Finland 87, Italy 43, Sweden 64, etc.
—in all, 681 parliamentary deputies.
The French represent 13 per cent, of
their chamber, and the German Social-
tats 27 per cent, of the Reichstag.
You can Jail thinkers, but not their
thoughts.
The "Labor" government haa been
defeated in the Australian elections.
For this small mercy give thsnks.
What Is the reaiion you don't ptussas
anything now? Is Socialism to blame
for it?
Socialism has no objection to your
saving your soul.   What it urges oa
you Is that you also save yonr ba«L-(a.—
1 Exchange. PAGE FOUR
THE  WEfTERN  CLARION. VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY  JULY  19   m
THE IRON HEEL
BY   JACK   LONDON
Bynopsls of Previous Chapters:
The story la supposed to be published about seven centuries hence,
and copied from MSS. found ln the heart of an old oak at Wake Robin
Lodge, and purport to be written by Avia Everhard, wife of Ernest
Everhard, who lost his life In the first proletarian revolt I*. 1932. They
tell of the failure of this flrst uprising of the workers, which was aup-
pressed by the thoroughly organized and merciless coercive forces of
the ruling oligarchy of that time. They tell also of a second revolt in
contemplation, which, in the opinion of the authoress, will prove a
success. Tifite, toiVproved to be a failure, and It is supposed to be at
the time of thia second suppression of the workers that the MSS. were
deposited by the fleeing* Avis Everhard.
The story opens with the account of the first meeting between
Avis and Ernest Everhard, which takes place in her father's home in
the year 1912, when he is Invited to a dinner at which the majority of
those present are clerics. During the repast, Ernest ls drawn Into the
conversation of the parsons, who rather look upon him with disdain.
However, he attacks them. fearlessly and clearly, and ln the verbal
battle, so far aa it has proceeded, he shown himself more than able
to hold hla ground.
"There is another way of disqualify
ing the metaphysicians," Ernest said,
when he had rendered Dr. Hammer,
field's discomforture complete. "Judge
them by their works. What have they
done for mankind beyond the spinning of airy fanciea and the mistaking
of their own shadows for gods? They
* have added to the gaiety of mankind, I grant; but what tangible good
have they wrought for mankind? Tbey
philosophized, if you will pardon my
misuse of the word, about the heart
as the seat of emotions, while sclen-
tlon of blood
fists were formulating the circulation of the. blood.-, They declaimed
about famine and pestilence as being scourges of God, while the scientists were building road and
tists were building granaries and
draining cities. They builded gods in
their own shapes and out of their own
desires, while the scientists were
were
building roads and bridges. They
were describing the earth as the center of the universe, while the scientists
were discovering America and probing space for the stars and the laws
of the stars. In short, the metaphysicians have done nothing for mankind. Step by Btev*. before the advance of science, they have been driven back. Aa fast as the ascertaned
facts of science have overthrown
their subjective explanation of things,
they have made new subjective explanations of things, including explanations of the latest ascertained facts.
And this, I doubt .not, they will go on
doing to the end of time. Gentlemen,
a metaphysician is a medicine man.
The difference between you and the
skimo who makes a •"fur-clad blubber-
eating god Is merely a difference of
several thousand years of ascertained
facts.   That ia all."
"Yet the thought of Aristotle ruled
Europe for twelve centuries," Dr.
Ballingford announced pompously.
"And Aristotle waa a metaphysician."
Dr. Ballingford glanced around the
table and was rewarded hy nods and
smiles of approval
"Your illustration is most unfortunate," Ernest replied. 'Tou refer to a
very dark period in human history.
In fact, we call that period the Dark
Ages. A period wherein science was
raped by the metaphyalcana, wherein
"hysics became a search for the Philosopher's stone, wherein chemistry be.
came alchemy, and astronomy became
-'roldgy. Sony tho domination of
Aristotle's thought."
Dr. Ballingford looked pained, then
he brightened up and said:
■""Granted this horrible picture you
have drawn, yet you must confess
thst metaphysics was inherently potent in so far as it drew humanity out
of this dark period and on into the
Illumination of the succeeding centuries."
"Metaphysics bad nothing to do with
It," Ernest retorted.
"What?" Dr. Hammerfield cried. "It
was not the thinking and the speculation that led to the voyages of discovery?"
"Ah, my dear sir," Ernest smiled, "I
my definition of philosophy. You are
it is the way of the metapbysicans,
now on an unsubstantial basis. But
have not yet picked ont the flaw in
thought you were disqualified. You
aad I forgive you. No, I repeat, meta-
pbisics had nothing to do with it
Bread and butter, silks and jewels,
dollars and cents, and. Incidentally, the
closing up of the overland trade-rout*
es to India, were the things that caused voyages of discovery. With the
fall of Constantinople In 1453, the
Turks blocked the way of the cara*
vatiS to India. The traders of Europe had to find another route. Here
was the original cause for the voy.
ages of discovery. Columbus sailed
to flnd a new route to tbe Indies. It
It ao stated in all the history books.
Incidentally) new facta were learned
about tbe nature, sise. and form of
the esrth, and the Ptolemaic system
went glimmering." .
Dr. Hammerfield snorted.
"Tou do not agree with me?" Ernest queried. "Tbea wherein am I
wrong?"
phers could never stand the test of
truth. Dr. Hammerfield suddenly de-
mended;
"What Is the test of truth, you man?
Will you kindly explain what haa so
long puzzled wiser heads than yours?"
"Certainly," Ernest answered. His
cocksureness irritated them. "The
wise heads have puzzled so sorely
over truth because they went up into
the air after it. Had they remained
on the solid earth, they would have
found it easily enough—ay, they would
have found that they themselves were
precisely testing truth with every
practical act and thought of their
lives."
The test, the test," Dr. Hammer-
leld repeated Impatiently. "Never
mind the preamble. Give ua that
which we have sought so long—the
test of truth. Give It us, and we wiell
be as gods."
There was an impolite and sneering scepticism in his words and manner that secretly pleased most of
them at the table, though it seemed to
bother Babop Morehouse.
"Dr. Jordan 1 has stated it very
clearly." Ernest said. ''His test of
truth Is: 'Will It work? Wlll you
trust you life to it?'"
"Pish!'  Dr.  Hammerfleld|"neered. ^ , ^ u    to ,     h      he
Y0%^D0t **•£■  w^EL^™     'TH wager   Dr.   Hammerfleld
ley (2) Into account.    He has never]never n Bagaln8t „-*„-*.,- im lt --.
been answered. I h,a ,,t  .. ne laughed.    «The courteg.
"The noblest metaphysician of them ,.     of e(iCle8lagtlca, controversy!
"Oh, 1 am not challenging your sin.
cerity," Ernest continued.    "You are
sincere. You preach what you believe. There lies your strength and
your value—to the capitalist class.
But should you change your belief
to something that menaces the ee-
tahlished order, your preaching would
be unacceptable to your employers,
and you would be discharged. Every
little while some one or another of
you is so discharged. (5).. Am I not
right?"
This time there was no dissent.
They sat dumbyl acquiescent, with
the exception of Dr. Hammerfleld, who
said:
"It Is when their thinking ia wrong
that they are asked to resign."
"Which is another way of sayint;
when their thinking is unacceptable,"
Ernest answered,, and then went on.
"So I say to you, go ahead and preach
and earn your pay, but tor goodness'
sake leave the working class alone.
You belong in the enemy'a camp. You
have nothing in common with the
working clasa. Your hands are soft
with the work others have performed
for you. Your stomachs are round
with the plentitude of eating." (Here
Dr. Ballingford winced, and every
eye glanced at his prodigious girth.
It was said he had not seen his own
feet in yeara.r "And your mlnda are
filled with doctrines that are buttresses of the established order. Yo uare
aa much mercenaries (sincere mercenaries, I grant) as were the men
of the Swiss Guard (6). Be true to your
salt and your hire; guard, with your
preaching, the Intereata of your employers; but do not come down to the
working class and serve false leaders. You cannot honestly be ln tbe
two camps at once. The working
clasa has done without you. Believe
me, the working class will continue
tp do without you. And, furthermore,
the working class can do better without you than with you."
CHAPTER   11
Challenges.
After the guests had gone, father
threw himself into a chair and gave
vent to**roars of Gargantuan  laughter. Not since the death ot my mother
heartily,
was
EMPIRE DAY8 AND SUCH.
This is the greatest era of all times.
We all ought to f»el proud to live in
this age, in this glorious freo couu'.ry.
under the folds of that flag, which has
"braved a thousand years, the battle
and the breeze."
O how nice this did sound when wo
went to school! How we did cherish
the thoughts, thst one Canadian was
equal to five Frenchmen, and how one
Englishman was equal to Ave Germans! What glorious days they were
to ls. We all waited In Impatient anticipation, when we would be able to
flght for "our" country, and think
that the heritage handed down to us
by our great-great-grandfathers would
be preserved by us, and handed down
once again to our children. And to
this day there are children who think
like we did, and others, too, who with
ub, were impregnated with this deadly
virus. These last were of a nature
more amenable to the absorption than
ours, and consequently capitalist cruelty has not yet destroyed tbe work
done, by its paid hirelings, in tbe public schools.
These men are not hopeless. They
are human, and have to a great degree the feelings of the highest developed animal. The must recognise
as such, that atrlfe amongst them
selves Is harmful,and that the greatest
factor that has helped not only man
kind, but species ot all descriptions to
survive, haa been mutual aid.
Thia mutual aid is an organizing
agent, whilat war ia just the very opposite. Organized by capitalist pressure and capitalist eystem, these men
gradually get wise, until some lost
factor comes to their notice in one way
or another and they swing to another
viewpoint. Then they aay. "War divides us, War destroys ns, and whilst
we are divided we lose all."
Existence ls like a panorama.    In
relation to fresh experiences garnered
In, we see differently—a fresh view-
himself attested, his metaphysics did ijJe^be^nVe V****oa^^ gradually becomes ours, and we
""* """** " ! splendidly    disciplined    mind.      He j change, change all the time.
would have have made a good sclen-     This is our experience.    We go to
tis, if his energies had been directed j Khooh we leani capiulist ethica and
capitalist  everything,  nntil   one  day
Did
all," Ernest laughed     "But your ex-j ^ how he ^       ,,ke a to   b
^PJ!,A-U°??ue^^ I mean, and how quickly;
not work
Dr. Ht-nmerfield was angry, righteously angry. It was as though he
had caught Ernest in a theft or a He.  , ._ .
"Young man," he trumpeted, "that'
statement is on a par with all you have
uttered tonight.   It ia a base and unwarranted assumption."
'■I am quite crashed," Ernest murmured meekly. "Only I don't know
what hit me. You'll have to put it in
my band. Doctor."
"I will, I will," Dr. Hammerfleld
spluttered. "How do you know? You
do not know that Bishop Berkeley attested that his metaphysics did not
work. You have no proof. Young
man, they have alwaya worked.'
way.
I need scarcely say tbat I was deeply interested In Ernest Everhard. It
was not alone what he had said and
how he had said it, but lt was the man
himself. I had never met a man like
him. - I suppose that was why in spite
of my twenty-four years, I had not
married. 1 liked him; 1 had to confess lt to myself. And my like for him
was founded on things beyond Intellect and argument Regardless of his
bulging muscles and prize-flghter's
throat, he impreased me as an ingen-
I'take' it h pi^of'tbit" Berkeley's »•*•«■ -W-   ,„w*.tJ»t und?r **• *--**
of an intellectual swashbuckler was
metaphysics did not work, because—'
Ernest paused calmly for a moment.
"Because Berkeley made an invariable practice of going through doors
instead of walla Because he trusted his life to solid bread and butter
and roast beef. Because be shaved
hmself with a razor that worked wben
it removed the hair from his.face."
"But those are actual things!" Dr.
Hammerfleld cried. "Metaphysics is
of the mind."
"And the work—in tbe mind?" Ernest queried softly.
The other nodded.
"And even a multitude of angels can
dance on tbe point of a needle—In the
mind," Ernest went on reflectively.
"And a blubber-eating, fur-clad god
can exist and work—In the mind; and
there are no proofs to the contrary—
in the mind. I suppose, Doctor, you
live in the mind?"
"My mind to me a kingdom ls," was
the answer.
"That's another way ot saying that
you live up in the air. But you came
back to cirth at meal-time, I am sure,
or when an earthquake happens along
Or, tell me, Doctor, do yon have no apprehension in an earthquake that that
Incorporeal body of yours will be hit
by an immaterial brick?'
Instantly, and suite unconsciously,
Dr. Hammerfleld's hand shot up to his
head, where a scar disappeared under
the hair. It happened that Ernest bad
blundered on an apposite illustration.
Dr. Hammerfleld had been early kill
a delicate and sensitive spirit. I
sensed this, in ways I knew not, save
tbat tbey were my woman's Intuitions.
There was something tn that clarion-call of hla that went to my heart
It still rang in my ears, and I felt
that I should like to bear It again—
and to see again that glint of laughter ln his eyes that belled tbe impassioned seriousness of his face. And
there were farther reaches of vague
and Indeterminate feelings thst stirred
in me. I almost loved him then,
though I am confident, had I never
seen him again, that the vague feelings would have passed away, and
that I should have easily forgotten
him.
But I was not destined never to see
him again. My father's new-born Interest in sociology and the dinner partes he gave would not permit. Father
was not a sociologist. Hie marriage
with my mother had been very happy,
and in the researches of his own science, physics, he had been very happy.
But when mother died, hla own work
could not All tbe emptiness. At first.
In a mild way, he had dabbled In philosophy; then, becoming interested, he
had drifted on into economics and sociology. He had a atrong sense of justice, and he soon became fired with
a paasion to redress wrong It was
with gratitude rthat I hailed (these
signs ot a new Interest In life, though
I little dreamed what the outcome
would be.   With the enthusiasm of a
ed In the Great Earthquake (3) by a!boy he plunged excitedly Into these
falling chimney. Everybody broke)new pursuits, regardless of whither
out into roars of laughter. i they led him.
Well?" Ernest asked, when tbe
merriment had subsided. "Proofs to
the contrary?"
And in silence he asked again,
"Well?" Then he added, "Still well,
bnt not so well, that argument of
yours."
Bnt Dr. Hammerfield was temporarily crushed, aad the battle raged
"I can oaly res-arm my position." in new directions. On point after point,
Dr. Hammerfleld retorted tartly, "it'Ernest challenged the ministers,
ts too long a story to enter into now." -When they affirmed that they knew
"No 3tory Is too long for the sclen- the working class, he told them fun-
tteV* Ernest said sweetly. "That ls.damental truths  about   the   working
Why the scientist get* td places. That
la why he got to America."
I shall not describe the whole evening, though It is a Joy to me to recall
every moment, every detail of thee
first hoars of my coming to know Ernest Everhard.
l Battle royal raged and the ministers
rrw red-faced and excited, espectsl-
at the moments when Ernest called tbeih romantic philosophers, shad*
ow-projeetors and similar thlnge And
always he checked them back to facts.
♦The fact, man. tha Irrefragable fact!"
fa* would exclaim triumphantly, when
ha had brought one of them a croo-
per. He bristled with facts. He
tripped them up with facts, ambusead.
ed them with facta, bombarded them
With broadsides of tacts.
*Tou seem to worship at the shrine
of fact,"' Dr. Hammerfiel taunted him.
"There it no God, but fact and Mr.
Everhard Is Ita prophet," Dr. Ballingford paraphraaad.
Ernest smilingly acquiesced.
•Tib like the maa from Texas." he
aatd. lad, on being solicited, he ex-
pMaed. "You ase. the nan from Missouri always sayu. ""You've got to
show me,' But the man from Texas
says. TOBTe got to pat It tn my
■naod.' From wh|4*_Jt _„ apparent
that ha it oo metaphysician."
Aao-ther time, when »aeat had juat
said  that the metaphysical  phtloso-
class thst they did not know, and
challenged them for dlspr-wfs. He
gave them tacts, always facia, checked their excursions into tt air, and
brought them hack to the * did earth
and its facto.
How the scene comes back to me! 1
can hear him now, with that war note
In his voice, flaying them with bis
facts, each fact a lash that stung and
stung again.   And he waa merciless.
He had been used always to tbe laboratory, aad so it was that he turned
the dining room Into a sociological laboratory. Here came to dinner all sorts
and conditions of men,—scientists, politicians, bankers, merchants, professors, labor leaders, socialists and anar*
chlsts. He stirred them to discussion,
and analyzed their thoughts on life and
society.
He had met Ernest shortly prior to
the "preacher's night" And after the
guests were gone, I learned how he
had met him, passing down a street at
night and stopping to listen to a man
on a soap-box who was addressing a
crowd of workingmen. The man on
the box was Ernest. Not that he waa
a mere soap-box orator. He stood
high in the councils, of the socialist
party, waa one of the leaders, and
waa the acknowledged leader in the
philosophy of socialism. Bnt he had a
certain clear way of stating the ab*
truse tn simple language, was a bora
He took no quarter (4) and gave none, expositor and teacher, and   waa   not
I can never forget the flaying he gave
them at the end:
"You have repeatedly confessed tonight, by direct avowal or ignorant
statement, tbat you do not know the
working class. But you are not to
be blamed for thia How can you
know anything about the working
class? You do not live ln the same
locality with the working class. You
herd with the capitalist class In another locality. And why not? It Is
the capitalist class thst pays you,
that feeds you, that puts the very
clothes that you aro wearing here tonight, on your backs. And in return
you preach to your era^hyers the
brands of metaphysics that are acceptable ta them; and the especially
acceptable brands are acceptable because they do not menace tho established order of society."
Here there was a stir of dissent
around tbe table.
above the soap-box as a means of interpreting economics to the working*
men.
My father stopped to listen, became
interested, effected a meeting, and. after oulte an acquaintance, Invited him
to the ministers' dinner. It was after
"H* dinner that father told be what
little he knew about him. He had
been born in the working class, though
be was s descendant of the old line of
Everuards that for over two hundred
yeara bad lived ln America (7) At
ten yeara of age he had gone to work
in the mills and later he served his
snnrentlceshlp and became a horse-
shoer. He wss self-educated, had
taught himself German and French,
snd at that time was earning a meager
living by translating scientific and
philosophical works for a struggling
itoctalfst publishing house In Chicago.
Also his earnings were added to by
the royalties from tbe small tales of
also see that all the blood that is shed
Ib working class blood and tbat wars
only mean more wealth to the capitalist class, because It means more
slaves to exploit.
No more after this do capitalist ath-
les control us. We see the hollow
fraud of classifying one person as a
hero on the death of thousands, and
one as a vllllan because of the death of
one. We also see that liberty Is merely a high-sounding phraso and comparable with the sound of a drum, it
is hollow and meaningless for us. as
slaves to the capitalist.
May 24th mado no difference to tbe
morning after, when we once again
obeyed those up-to-date Instruments of
torture known as the alarm clock and
the hooter.
We still live in the worst houses,
eat all the refuse, wear all tbe ahoddy
stuff there Is In existence. What have
we to about "The Empire" for? How
much of it do we own? Abaolutely
nothing. We do not even own a 2 by
6, suitable for our burial. The capital
1st owns everything becauae he owns
us.
He pays for our municipal car rides,
our Empire days, and our burial also—
that la if we do not manage to get
shot to pieces. Of course if we did that
then we would be good bone manure
for the land, which also la a part of
onr magnificent Empire.
Fellow workers, what are we going
to do about lt? Shall we aak for some
reform, a little humanitarian feeling
thrown in?
No! a thousand times, for several
reasons. One la that we could not
benefit, owing to economic lawa; another reason la that It ts childish and
slavish, and although we are slaves
In the real sense of the word, yet it
would seem more self-respecting to
give him bis quietus by putting the
capitalist clasa out of business as
such, not merely by voting, but hy let*
ting him know a man Is behind ssch
ballot.
Vote catching is no use to the work-
lag claas. If the workers allow themselves to vote for personalities and opportunists, then they cannot be elsss-
conscious. Those that they vote for
are their leaders, and they are tbe
bleeding lambs. All that they have
got Is coming to them, snd they deserve it. They asked for It when they
voted and what they have got is only
their choice.
Empire days. Dominion daya, are
given us, as I said, by the master class.
It Is to fool us. and they do It successfully apparently.
This Is supposed to be a golden age.
I would rather think of It as the fooling age, when slave* are fools enough
to offer our bodies ss food for cannon. In defending a mythical riirht of
ownership.
Summing everything up, we must
admit that the capitalist owns everything worth owning, consequently we
elsves own nothing. We are merely
allowed to exist on sufferance. The
capitalist lets us live because *e produce hla good times We give him the
beat of everything—whilst we have
the worst
strong His masterfulness delighted j w* ■•*■ blm exploit us and our chll-
me and terrified me. for my fancies i dren, whilst be snd his children scoff
wsntenly roved until I found myself at us.
considering him as a lover, as a bus-     Trili- _,4 _„ --,_ _.., «,,„,,.,,„ _„,
band.    I had alwaya heard that thej     \nl* w* nn th* mo,t **?**** ***
strength of men was an irresistible at- m*u »■•**•
traction to women; but  he   was   too,    "To us ail praise be sung."
strong.   "No! no!" I cried out   "It Is
impossible, absurd!"   And on the mor-
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something comes across our thinking
horizon, a new experience ls ours, and
wn see just a little differently. Thla
new thought may be the means of
producing new thoughts. We may deduce, aud build upon this new thought
until a new experience hits the horizon again, and then we change our
viewpoint once more. Thia gradually
goes on, until perhaps we are entirely
changed tn our views and become, not
food for bullets, but bullets for social-
By socialism we mean the working
clasa ownership and control of tbe
means of life. Wars between nations
we see are not fought for "our" country, but for our master's country.   We
EVERYBODY
Is Reading Them
War, What Por? Klrkpatrlck $,,-
The Call of the Carpenter, Whit* i "2
Origin of Species, Darwin £
Riddles of the Universe, Haeckel
Wonders of tlfe, Hasckel....
Evolution of Man, Hseckel
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ACREAGE
(Alberni District)
W. W. LEFEAUX
Labor Temple Bldg.
Taaa-mves, a. o.
Phone Seymour 4106
STRIKE ON
STAY AWAY
The strike ia atill ou at »ht
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$78 Down, Balance On Terms
Canada-India Supply A Trust Co
RAHIM,   Manager -Director
510 Main St., Room I
Phone aey. 34*77
H.
his   own   economic   and   philosophic
works.
Thla much I learned of blm before I
went to bed, and 1 lay long awake, Ua
tentng In memory to the sound of his
voice. I grew frightened at my i
thoughts. He was so unlike the men
of my  own  elsss,  so alien  and soj
ME1RIE   ENGLAND
Baton StatakfoTS
l*c
aaaxavoow aawa aoaacT
»l» Pirsi Ara.
UABKATCIOX       .      .      .      BASK
A World Review of Socialism
Uv the tx-sl writer* In Kurop* and
America will t-« found In THK
NEW HKVIKW which daals In an
authnrliallva way with all plis.***
of **o< lallKm r-,,i for e*.lsti<.t-.
hut -Kl-.rat.oii. Publish*-! monthly
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ISO Vaosan M.
BTew Tort Cllj
Subscribe for The Wester-. Clarion.
row I awoke to find In myself a long
Ing to see blm again. I wanted to
aee him mastering men in discussion,
the war-note In hla voice; to see him,
In all his certitude and strength, shattering their complacency, shaking
them out of their ruts of thinking.
What If he did swashbnckle? To use
his own phrase, "It worked." It produced effects. And. besides, his
swashbuckling wss a fine thing to see.
It stirred one like the onset of battl**
Several days passed during which
I read Ernest's boo'-s, borrowed from
my father. His written word was ss
his spoken word, clear and convincing. It waa Its absolute simplicity
that convinced even while one continued to doubt. He hsd the gift of
lucldltv. He wss the perfect expositor. Tet, In spite of his style, there
was much thst I did not like. He laid
too great stress on what he called the
class straggle, the antagonism between labor and capital, the conflict
of Interest
Father reported with glee Dr. Hammerfleld's judgment of Ernest, which
was to the effect that he was "an Insolent young puppy, made bumptious
by a little and very Inadequate learning." Also, Dr. Hammerfleld declined to meet Ernest again.
Bnt Bishop Morehouse turned out
to have become interested In Ernest,
and was anxious for another meeting. "A atrong young man." be said;
"and very much a-H*?-**-- Very much
alive.   But he la tod sure, too sure."
M) A notcd-e-Jut-ator* of the late nineteenth and early twentieth canturlea of
the Christian Era. H* was prMldent of
thi- Stanford University a private benefaction of the times.
(:>) An Idealistic tnonlst who long pus*
alert the phllosopbers of that tlm* with
hla denial of the existence of matter, hut
whose clever argument waa finally demolished when the new empiric facts
of science were philosophically generalized.
(1) Th* Great Bartliquake of 1*04 A.D.
that d<-*itroyad Ban Pranclaco.
(4) Thla flaure arises from th* customs of th* times. When, among men
firhtlng to the death ln thalr wlld-antmnt
way, a beaten man threw down hla weapon, It was at the option of the victor
to slay hlm or spare him.
(B) During this period there were
many mlntMtera eaat out of tha church
for preachlna- unacceptable doctrine. Especially were they cast out when tlie'r
ftreacliing became tainted with social*
am.
<s) Th* hired foreign palace guards of
Louis XVI., a king of France that was
beheaded by hla people.
tli Tho distinction between being na-
ttv* bom a.id foreign born was
and invidious In those day*.
(To be continued)
sharp
We depend bis country also because
—Because why? Why because of some
mental freaks who wlll learn yet.
T. MELLAMEU.
UNIVERSAL LOVE
A Sketch from Life.
J. K. Mer0ler
It was a marvellous dsy, with all the
charms of a west**rn spring.
I waa strolling along the main street,
a bag of chocolate In my pocket, a
book under my arm. My aim. the free,
open field outside the city, away from
the noise. My Individuality felt herculean-like. My chest swelled, my
mind waa buay connecting and generalizing from old, and new. I looked
around me on tbat surging mass ot
humanity, with their Sunday neckties,
their holldar attire, and their worn
faces, and tired looks that bespoke so
much of dally anfferins and a nlstard-
ly existence. The Sunday make-up
could not very well hide the original.
"What," thought I. "have I to do
with these p*ople? What Interest binds
me to them? Thek pettiness sickens
me. their servility disgusts me, their
shsbbyness Irritates me. I aee men
on street-corners wltb cigars In their
mouth-ends, committing adultery with
their eyes, piercing the vary skirts of
passing women with their sensual, devouring looks. I see women with
painted, dissipated faces staring at everyone boldly, hustling for customers
In the crowd."
Out! Out of this hellish place called
a city, where the earning of bread fetters me every dsy, compels me to be
as corrupt, and as hideous as the rest.
But whst hss suddenly changed the
face of the street? Whwnfore all the
shrieking, and clamoring for help from
sll sides? What could have suddenly,
unexpectedly created that motion In
every being around me? Something
strange has captured the attention ot
all Individuals, and soon I know the
reason Up th« street a runaway team
is making at full gallop, sweeping by
like a lightning flash, two black demons, heeding nothing, minding no
one, crashing Into autos, trucks, rigs,
street cars, and—oht terror of terrors I
--a woman la on that ominous vehicle,
clasping a child to her breast, wildly
clasping it, as lf to defend its life from
Satan.
The mass of people swelled to the
size of a living ocean, Its wild, dashing
waves sweeping ahead In a mighty
rush.    On every face anxlouanoss Im-
The only shop In B.C. u»in*r
UNION-MADE PAPER
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Mailorders Receive Prompt
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E. T. KINGSLEY
LABOR TEMPLE
ATENTS
imiiidaixiximiim
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M.-UUOX -ft MAIUOV
144 University at.. Montr4»l.
printed, ln every, eye hope for the two
victims. The Innate brotherhood «r
man suddenly flared up to all Its »••''•'
lljnlty. Street loungers. Idlers, i-lim"*.
prostitutes, all Imbued with ono desire.
to save, to rescue the mother ami child
from the grasping hand of death Tim
human .-imlly ranked against Its ai>>>
enemy.
I was carried along by the surplnp
crowd, and at last at the turn of the
street, the wagon hit sgalnst n tele
graph post, and threw IU precious
charge. Hundreds of bands were ready
to assist, hundreds of mouths to .««•
a consoling word. The mother wan
slightly injur*, the child got away
without a scratch. Congratulation**
coming from the depths of numero*i»
hearts, filled the air, showered on tlm'
trembling mother still clasping her
bsby to her breast
The human family rejoiced ai the-
<tood fortune of two of Its mem•"■•*"■
Stonehearted. callous Individuals I sb»
weeping for Joy, big. strong men «*itn
broad shoulders looked as kind snd
timid as schoolboys. Th* better or
their selves reappeared. The advert-n*
and rescue of two beings brought nu
this change In them	
That day 1 did not go out of to1*'
I remained rlghl there, where In reality I belonged. Mv place I then » •
dorstood. waa not in isolation, bill J»
communion with my fellowbelr*-
Their tears are mine, for they ^wrt\<
fiom the same source, from the tow-
tain of love, based on the Instinct oi
self-preservation. , ■,,,,.
3. K. MEROU.1-'
It hi the present revolution tbat 1*
denounced. Past revolutions are an
glorious.
:    :&i"vL

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