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Western Clarion Mar 8, 1913

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Array Owned and con-
Wlled  by  the
jocialist   Party
of Canada
Published in the
nterest of the
Working   Class
XiniBtiR 711
Subscription Price    mrn
Will the International Proletariat Butcher Themselves
Again for Their Foes?
.Dividends Rent and Interest,
Chicanery, Lies and Brag,
Their symbol—the British flag.
'neath   the   white   god'B
••[)v guile  and craft the  lands  that
*v'ow  weep j
Yet if blood be the price of atone
Ixird (*od!   we have ransomed  Hell!
—A Song of the Working Class.
•My the l*ord deliver us from all cant."
—Thomas Carlyle.
In iu historical career of exploitation the bourgeois governing class has
revealed Itself to be the most cunning
and the most hypocritical of all gov-
"rnliiK tastes who have preyed upon
the lives and happiness of mankind.
Formerly, there were societies In
which the Individual tolled and sweated under the dread of battle and murder and sudden death at the hands of
an implacable monarch or feudal lord.
The capitalist system is therefore the
more remarkable because the power of
life and death over its exploited wage-
slaves Ib based apparently upon the
willingness of the latter to accept the
dominant class as their masters and
overlords. The crude methods of violence wielded with such terrific force
during the feudal system are used only
as a laat resort. Hypocrisy, humbug,
and cant are tbe weapons of the bourgeoisie, and a "slimier" set of rascals
never existed than the clique of Individuals who control the destinies of
the so-called British Empire.
During the last hundred years this
clique—of changing Individuality but
Identical in being actuated by the
same principles—has acquired by brutality, force and fraud about one-fiftb
of the planet Earth. Upon the specious pretexts of extending the blessings (?) or Christianity and civilisation to barbarous and unprogressive
people, the richest countries of the
world have been and are being exploited in the Interests of profits and
dividends. During the process whole
tribes and races, unable to adapt themselves to the environment thrust upon
them, have been blotted out of existence, whilst others are ln process of
extinction. Yet millions of people remain to whom the Union Jack is the
emblem of the strange terrors and
ruthless bondage of a civilisation that
increases the difficulty of the individual in the pursuit of liberty, life and
During their revolutions the wheels
of Justice inexorably reveal the hypocrisy and cant of those Individuals who,
under a cloak of religion and phllan
have never hesitated to endorse any
method, however tyrannical and un-
| Just, that would swell the rent roll of
their landed aristocrats and increase
the credit account of their plutocrats.
Prance and Great Britain are alike in
their home and foreign policies. Both
are greatly advanced capitalist countries; both have great, colonial possessions which they have wreated from
their unfortunate Inhabitants. Also
both are alike in that a large number
of these oppressed races are followers
of Mohammed, and acknowledge the
Sultan of Turkey as his vice-regent on
Knowing this, we can understand
the policy of non-interference In the
Germany and Austria have large
financial Interests in the Turkish Empire; Russia has interests In maintaining the status quo; and her Eastern
policy of expansion includes the taking
in of Persia, Afghanistan, and the territory immediately adjacent, the bulk
of whose inhabitants are Mohammedans.
Prance has obtained a footing ln
Northern Africa and in Senegal, England has "acquired" the Zanzibar Protectorate, Somaliland, Egypt and
Indiii. All these are Mohammedan
countries, and India alone bas fifty-
eight millions of people who cry,
"There ls no God but Allah, and Mo-
hummed is his prophet!'' Now the
Sultan of Turkey is the Khallf, or
Pope, of Islam.
No wonder the Turk smiles behind
his hand; he knows that Islam is the
backbone of the Egyptian and Indian
armies. The Sultan has the "kybosh"
on the Powers of Europe.
Yet the situation has its dangers.
As long as the five nations recognize
that their mutual interests of exploitation He In the maintenance of the
status quo, the situation hardly affects
their working classes. However much
the Balkan States may fret or fume or
wage war, however loudly those good,
kind Christians and ministers of the
Gospel may call for British Dreadnoughts and armies to aid the warring
members of their faith in Macedonia,
the terrible shadow of Islam and the
Holy War paralyzes the hands of capitalist Europe. The conquering Turk
must be maintained lest fire and sword
sweep through their Mohammedan tributaries. The unfurling of the green
flag ls tbe nightmare that particularly
troubles the British governing class.
Egypt and India were conquered by the
sword, and by the sword    they    are
The Reasons For the Agitation and the Part to be
Played in It by the Workers
During  the   past  few   months  the | with the Lords of the Admiralty (paid
leaders  ot  both   political   parties  in J tor, ot course, by the property owners
t, *    n ~™«„j Of Canada), Premier Borden has de-
the   Canadian   House    of    Commons.        . ■_    '» _
cjde<1 that for the pregent seBsion his
have  spent much  time and relieved  government   will donate those three
themesleves of many long-winded ora-1 dreadnaughts, costing something like
tions in discussing the formation of I thirtyfive millions of dollars,  but it
a Canadian navy and methods of de-, doesn't require the head of a prophet
fence in general.   	
The   party   organs  throughout  the
country  have  contributed  many  col-)
to see that a naval unit in Canada itself will soon be provided.
We are told by some of the revolu-
Socialist Member Finnish Parliament
S. Nuorteva, Socialist member
of the Finnish Parliament, will
speak Un English) on Friday,
March 14th.
Subject: The Socialist Movement and the General Strike ln
Collection to defray expenses.
To Subscribers:—Owing to unexpected trouble with the P. 0. authorities, the first issue of this paper was
delayed in getting in the mails. One
cent per copy was demanded, stamps
to be affixed, and eight cents pet
pound for bundles. This prohibited
the mailing of the whole Issue, but
bundles were forwarded to every
Local In Canada, as the need for rushing in the subs, is urgent. Single subscribers will receive their copy as spon
as the difficulty with the P. O. is surmounted.
BOUND V0LUME8, 1912.
Readers wishing to secure bound
volumes of The Western Clarion for
1912 are requested to send ln their
names to this offlce as soon as possible. When sufficient orders are received, the work will be put in hand.
Price, $2.50 per volume.
We still have five volumes for 1911
ln stock at same price.
where that the time is now ripe for
the workers of all lands to Join hands
and refuse to fight, so lengthy resolutions are passed accordingly. But
passing resolutions, even if done with
the best of intentions, ls hardly sufficient to prove their point, for so long
as the social base is class ownership
of the means of life, so long as the
workers maintain by their attitude on
election day that this base is correct,
that they have no desire for a change;
just so long will they be called upon
to fight in defence of their masters'
interests, and just so long will they
meekly respond to this call.
j. a. Mcdonald.
their    fellow-men. J maintained.   At the present time both
countries are seething with revolt, and
thropy,    oppress     	
Particularly Is this to be noticed in
the history of the British governing the torch of Islam would llgh the fires
class, and particularly Is It exempli* «■ revolution from Kandahar to
fled in Its foreign relations with Tur-; Madras, from Cairo to Zanzibar At
key and the Balkan States. It is well all costs these possessions must be re-
known that Turkey I. used by the|tained. Paris was worth am.
British governing eta. as a buffer to Henri IV, Is not ndia and BgJPt
resist   ,„e encroachments of  Austria cheap at the cos  of a  ew Armenians.
: .. ..  I....J.,,,.-    and    I ll-ABUO. '
ami Hussla In the direction of the [
Mediterranean and Egypt. It Is not
bo well known that the oppression of
the Slavonic, Grecian and Armenian,
races by the bureaucratic Turks is
practically Ignored for reasons of
State and high finance.
Por the perhaps most Ironical thing
In the detestable game of world poll-
'!«■* in the spectacle presented by
Oreal Britain, France, Germany, Austria and Russia. Here are these five
nations, each with a history, past and
present, of robbery, murder, and spoliation, each of therm armed to the teeth
with a view to further aggressions and
encroachment!, each with an oppressed and exploited working class, calmly
Posing as the upholders of the teachings of .leous Christ, as the keepers of
'aw and order, peace and good government, and the maintainors ofthe freedom and liberty of the Individual.
'■1 ns examine these nations ln detail (ami here It might be noted that
,IV nation Is meant the governing
'Ihhh of each particular country. The
masses of the people have no voice In
the direction of affairs). Reserving our
own particular den of thieves until the
'ant, we look into the claims of Russia
an mi arbiter of peace. We find a con-
xi an i oppression and massacre of the
Je*«. a shocking story of atrocities on
■hh Ameer and ln Persia, a suppres-
Hl**n of the noble Ideas of freedom
antotiKst its own people by exiling and
'""prisoning the men and women who
have dared to express them. This Is
"ie Russia of the twentieth century,
■I'" Christian (?) mediator ln the
"ilkan dispute.
Austria and Germany Btand revealed
aa States whose maintenance is based
"i'on the conscript armies of their
■"■age-slaves. Whilst their colonial expansion hus been limited,   yet   they
Schukmeier, a Socialist and member
of the Austrian parliament, who compelled Joseph Neuranyer, (the anti-
Semitic Catholice mayor of Vienna, to
resign on account of corrupt work,
was assassinated by a leader of the
Catholic trades unions in the streets
of Vienna, shortly after a mass meeting at which Schukmeier spoke. The
nation as well as the city is aroused
over the assassination.
Socialism is the greatest political
fact in existence today. By which
we mean it is the only conception of
society that even pretends to understands its structure and account for
its phenomena.
Show   your   interest   in  the   movement  by  working for lt.
Brain and Brawn publishes the fol-j
Macedonians nnd Greeks?
In the words of Horatio Bottomley,
"What a game It is!"
On the other hand, there Is a possibility of Austrian or Russian intervention for or against Turkey.   In "high''
politics the merits or demerits, justice,
or Injustice of any particular case ls
never called In question.   The action of
any State is based upon self-interest.
and in this case the intererts of Austria are opposed  to the    interests of
Russia.    Herein lies the danger of a
general European conflagration.   Austria and Russia at war would certainly
involve Germany, and, in turn, England
nnd Frnnce.   The uneasiness affecting
the financial centres   of these States
shows the danger   to be a real one.
This nnxiety is not occasioned by the
idea of the misery and suffering which
would fall upon   the   masses   of the
people;   It  Is the fear of n general
stoppage of rent, profit    and Interest
and a possible upheaval of society as a
result of the world-war.   And although
the   capitalist   system   paradoxically
makes for peace and war simultaneously, It must not be forgotten that the
nations of Europe stand fnce to face
armed with the lateBt scientific man-
killing machines, and powerful   influences are at work to whom a resort to
arms would    bo a welcome    reaction
against the social problems that confront them.
As the old despot remarked: "When
a man is troublesome give hlm a position, when the people are rebellious
give them a war." The governing
classes of Great Britain, France and
Germany are quite capable of following out this advice, If by means of war
they could roll back the tide of Socialism and the aspirations "** "****
This is an epoch ln which the con-
p^p^p^p^^^^^^^^^^^._.^.^___1 necting links of a world science are
lowing extracts from a Balkan corre-,be,ng npm m together.    Nature>B
spondence and commends them to -orce8 have been explained and con-
those who glibly talk of war as if it trolled. By their intelligent use infln
were a frolic: : ite wealth and comfort is in reach of
"A gun collides with a cart (carry- all, yet poverty and misery grow apace
Ing wounded piled In heaps on filthy In France, the world's centre of culture
straw) and upsets It; with a crash, a and learning, the population has   de-
%. i i       .....A   .-,„ i o_ -o-»„ -„ii„ creased, and Americans are committing
shriek, a thud, the human cargo rolls irace 8uic,de    But wUh ^ m08t £
into the slush, and the next gun goes j genital questions of racial InteresU,
right through the sprawling heap of conventionalism does not deal. Scien-
malmed mankind.    It does not much|tl8ts tell us how the commonest food
• *--   -* *-- ~ —J  .. ... te I..... 11«.  mn,u hu
matter—only  a  few    wounded    men
wounded a little more. Where they
have fallen there is a purple pool;
when we pass the spot a minute later
the men's heavy tread splashes our
fnces with red specks.   .   .   .
"There were three surgeons ln the
redoubt (Bagharbashl); these did their
best with almost every necessary de-
can be cheaply and artificially made by
chemical process, but not how to distribute equitably the vast amount we
already have. They have discovered
the bacterial basis of disease and
toxine antidotes, but they dare not tell
us how to eradicate vocational disease.
We have automatic machinery that
does better work, and twelve times as
much as could be done by the old hand
method of one hundred years ago. Yet
the conventional scientists do not toll
flclent. I saw them at their .work with j uWhat' to "do with the laborers it has
bare arms nnd blood-stained hands,! displaced. Everywhere we have pro-
soaked to the skin, faces streaming j gress, progress, progress, but what of
with the sweat of indescribably hard!11 a" for the workers?   Nothing. Sta-
 ...   ,. „„ -„„,,„., .„,.,, ,u„,„ .„...„ „„,  tiatical records and their dally exper
work; they looked with their saws and  |ence> prove that  so -„, 8clencei art
knives like the torturers of the In-1 and. inventions hold nothing In store
qulsitlon. Shirts served as bandages,! for them. With every great discovery
volunteers assisted; but hardened men comes the private profit monger who
turned sick at some of the slights' !llmUs and Prescribes its possibilitie
turned bk k at some    oi tne signts,   f()r gQod t0 the few  and ftg a further
halves of faces carried away, exposing I means of extracting surplus value from
to the core life's machinery; limbs!the worker. Search the metropolitan
tarn off, bowels hanging out, pools of V™**- Go listen to the great moralists,
blood in which swam brain rettm^t. JJj^SSlK .p^SjTS
d intestines like living worms; am-1 wor)-8 of your eminent statesmen. No-
putated legs and arms thrust Into cor-1 where will you find a hint of applying
nerB as offal  for the dogs linductlve science to society. Workers of
Water ran short, for the enemy held
the springs in the vineyards. Many
drank the muddy pool water mixed
with blood which had collected In the
trenches; this caused vomiting, followed by thirst even greater than before."
the world, unite and the game wlll be
Socialism is the moBt Important
thing for us to consider.—John W.
RUSH    IN    THE    SUBS.
of the
(Continued' on Page Four.)
The Provincial Votors' Lists have been cancelled, and you
have only until April 7th next to register again.
and don't let the Mc Bride-Bowser gang deprive you of your
I'nnii'liise. Go to the Registrar of Voters in your district, and
lill out a new application form, and get as many workers as
you know to do the same. A Dominion Election is on the
cards for this year, and the Provincial Voters' Lists are used.
umns to this discussion, each, of tlonary ^^^ ln Europe ^ ^
course, standing sturdily in defense
of the policy adopted by the party
which it represents. One day, we are
told in glaring headlines, that Premier Borden has launched his naval
policy in a lengthy address, interrupted at times by hearty applause
from the ministerial benches, in which
he reviewed the reasons for making
an emergency contribution of three
great battleships of the dreadnaught
type, to be used in defending the
shores of "our glorious empire." Next
day we are told with equal enthusiasm
in the Liberal papers that tbe "white
plumed chief,"—Sir Wilfrid—has
given an eloquent presentation of the
attitude adopted by the opposition.
The other members of both sides then
rally to the support of their leaders,
and have their little say in the matter, some of them taking up the time
of the House for five or six hours, and
each trying by all the means in his
power, to surpass the others in eloquence and wisdom.
To tbe class-conscious Socialist who
understands the whole proposition,
knowing that both parties, Liberal and
Conservative alike, are but the expression of Capitalist class Interests,
and actually standing for one and the
same thing—the perpetuation of class
ownership in the means of life—this
noisy group pf political quacks cannot
help appearing as vaudeville comedians of a very high order. It must
appear humorous, indeed, to all class-
conscious workers, who are neither
the owners of property or the possessors of steady jobs, to be told over
and over again by Cabinet aspirants
and ministers of the Crown that
"those dreadful Germans" are watching every opportunity to land on the
soil of Britain, and that we must be
ready, at the risk of our lives, to protect these shores with a strong military and naval force. It wouldn't
seem so funny if we, who are asked to
do the defending, only had some of
our own to defend; but we haven't
even got the right to work, merely
the privilege of looking for work,
and there -are regulations attached
even to this, which our masters know
full well. But as they have valuable
property to defend, and are able, by
striking those high imperial notes,
to transmit them through the chief
source of information available to the
workers—the daily press—perhaps
we cannot so greatly wonder that they
have secured at all times a sufficient
force of proletarians to protect their
property rights.
Although both parties, Tory and Liberal, yes, and Nationalist and Labor
also, have somewhat heated discussions about the methods they wish
to adopt, yet they are all in favor of
some system of naval defence. And
why should they not? They are the
chosen Instruments for protecting property and keeping in subjection the
members of the working class; so
they must fulfil this function.
Canada Is rapidly taking her place
among commercial countries. Just as
the emigrants from  the older lands
are flocking to her shores in search
of work so is the    surplus    capital,
which has ceased to flnd a profitable
field  of investment in    those    more
highly developed sections, rushing In
the  same  direction  to    exploit    the
great natural resources which are not
yet developed.     Larger   profits   and
safer Investments than those prevailing in England and Germany can here
be secured by the owners of capital,
more work, and    probably    a    little
greater degree of freedom, can here
be   obtained    by    ithe     propertyless
masses,   whose   only   means   of   subsistence is the sale of their one commodity—labor  power.      Here,    then,
they are both coming. Each year finds
a  larger amount  of capital  Invested
and a larger influx of working men
and  women  than the one preceding,
meaning, of course, that only a short
time must elapse till social conditions
in the Canadian West are about on a
level with what they are in the European countries.
With this development of Industry,
this growth of commercial activity,
there naturally also arises the desire
for armies and navies to protect this
wealth. So this is the stage we are
passing through toJuy. After a lengthy
visit to  England  and  a consultation
The butchers want more children to
feed cannon; both the army and the
navy chiefs are clamoring for more;
the great industrial barons want more
children born to keep up the full quota
in the ranks of the army of the unemployed, thereby maintaining competition among tbe laborers and thus keeping wages at a minimum.
Why should proletarian women continue to breed victims, whose only inheritance will be toil and misery? The
French women understand the situation and the great decrease in the
b-rth rate in France is spreading a
well founded alarm among the heartless exploiters.
There is no race suicide in refusing
to bear children. There is no crime in
this refusal, as hireling priests are instructed by their capitalist employers
to preach. The crime is on the other
side. It consists in adding to and augmenting the amount of human suffering already existing by bearing
more children to suffer.
Mrs. Libby Maedonald treated this
subject a few days ago in an address
before the Women's Party of Illinois
at Chicago. Among other things she
"Women suffragists are mothers, and
mothers do not believe in that absurd
system of militarism which demands
that men die for their country. We
want our men to live for their country,
and until the system is abolished every
wife should refuse to bear progeny.
"The Boy Scout movement is the latest crime against women that the state
has perpetrated.
"Refuse to bear another child until
you are assured that that child will
not be sacrificed upon an altar of
bloody war. Race suicide rather than
furnish food for the cannon's insatiable mouth!"
Her speech was cheered to the echo,
which shows that women of America
are getting wise.
The land is rich. The country
contains the best mechanics and machinery. We have plenty of knowledge
of all the sciences. eW have learned
how to produce more each year than
we could the previous year. With these
facts in plain view of all, we propound the following problem to our
fellow worker who still sleeps mentally: Why has not every worker got
enough food, clotbing and shelter, as
well as some luxuries?
Don't believe a thing just "because
Marx or Engels or Kautsky says so."
Study their works aud find out why
they said so. They always present Incontrovertible proof for their utterances on Socialism. Know why you
are a Socialist. To take somebody
else's word for lt when you can learn
about it for yourself, is foolish and
What does your liberty amount to
when some capitalists own your
means of getting a living and will
only let you work and produce a living if you consent to give them all you
can turn out over a bare living for
yourself. Yon are enslaved to the
whole capitalist class. We must
change the whole system to become
Poverty  may  be no  disgrace,  but
a man's a fool to vote for It.
RUSH    IN    THE    8UBS.
**■:     '   ....    ..■     . ■...'■T' PAGE  TWO
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..March 8, 1913
  :   -ill', ' j I" l      , , 	
SATURDAY March 8, 191a
instrument whereby they can be ousted out of their possession.
To the capture of the powers of government, therefore, must the workers
bend their energy. That they must
have, no matter by what means or at
how great a cost. Where the ballot
will serve, by the ballot, where the
ballot will not serve, by force of arms
if necessary.
That will be the Revolution, and,
peaceful or bloody, lt must necessarily
be a political revolution. In fact,
what else a revolution could be is
hard to conceive. It is only by a revolution that the political form of a
society can change. A revolution that
ls the culmination of gradual and
hardly perceptible evolution in Its
econor ic structure.
There exist In society two classes,
one of which exploits the other by
means of the wage system; by compelling them to sell as a commodity
their labor power which applied to
raw materials, alone can produce
wealth, they rob them of all right or
title to the wealth they produce, reducing them to a condition of slavery
even more merciless than that of the
chattel slaves who, while they, under
a somewhat different system, did the
very same thing, that is produced, for
their masters, wealth to which they
themselves had no claim, had, yet, a
more secure foothold upon their livelihood, in that they, being valuable
property, had to be fed whether there
was work for them to do or not, unlike the modern wage-slave who need
only be fed while at work and can be
left to tide over a period "of unemployment as best he may. Being nobody's
property, it is nobody's concern if he
starves. It is true that charitable persons make somewhat strenuous efforts
to keep him alive, but this is an unwarranted interference with Nature's
Laws and the Divine Will. The course
of Evolution if left to itself would by
a process of natural selection produce,
in the long run, a type of wage-slave
that would endure long periods of
starvation with perfect equanimity.
The question naturally arises, by
what means is the master class enabled to compel the workers to sell
their labor power instead of using it
themselves to produce those things
that they require?
The answer is simple enough. It
must be remembered that to produce
wealth not only is labor-power necessary, but also raw materials, and, in
the present advanced stage of social
production, the complex machinery of
production and transportation.
And 'l*ese things are the property
of the master class.
Of course, there aie raw materials
and machinery of production that the
master class do not actually possess.
The farmers for instance, apparently
own the raw materials and machinery
that they use; but this ownership is
more apparent than real. The master
class own the elevators and railroads
and thereby control the marketing of
the farmers' product. By virtue of
his apparent ownership of his farm
and implements the farmer ls more
severely exploited than he would be
otherwise; he works harder and longer hours because he thinks he is working for himself. Really he is a slave
working for his masters. Just as he
sometimes feeds his grain to stock
and thus sells it converted Into pork,
beef, etc., so he converts his labor-
power Into farm produce and sells it
in that form. What he really receives
is the market-price for his labor-power,
that Is, his living.
It is therefore not necessary that
the master class should possess all
the raw materials and machinery of
production. So long as they possess
some vitally necessary part of it they
can control the rest. So long as they
can come in somewhere between the
.producer and the consumer they can
command the product. And the true
test of ownership is control. So that
virtually the master class owns absolutely all the machinery of wealth
production and every last bit of raw
material in existence.
It ls clear, therefore, that for the
workers, lacking the raw materials
and machinery of production, lt ls impossible to utilize their labor-power in
producing for themselves the things
they require. They must get them,
If at all, by the process of exchange,
and, their labor-power being their only
saleable effects, that they must sell
to obtain what they need.
The remedy for this state of affairs
should be manifest enough. To produce wealth for their own ase the
workers must own the means of
wealth production, the mines, mills,
factories and workshops and the natural resources. To return to Individual production, to make each worker
the owner of his own means of wealth
production is as impossible as it is undesirable. No other course then is
open but to make the means of wealth
production the collective property of
the producers so that every worker
should be entitled to the full product
of his toil, that Is, the full equivalent
of the social labor he has expended.
The class ownership of the means of
wealth production, which made exploitation possible being thus abolished, exploitation becomes impossible,
for the workers cannot exploit themselves, the class line ls broken down
and classes disappear. As no one can
longer live by exploiting others, all
must become useful workers, must
fulfill some useful function in society.
Society attains to its proper function,
the social producton of wealth for social use.
The method by which this end is
to be attained should be as manifest
as the remedy. Were the workers individually or ln a body to attempt to
take possession of the means of
wealth production, they would find
themselves face to face with the police, military and naval forces, that is
to say with the repressive powers of
the government. Tbe government then
ls the Instrument tbat keeps tbe master class In possession. It logically I
follows  that the Government ls  thej
The way of the consumer is hard,
and, to judge from the noise he (or
she) makes, his (or her) feet are
covered with blisters.
But cheer up, consumers, the poor
Scotchman has good news for you.
Things are getting cheaper. Particularly two things. For this information
may the Lord make you truly thankful.
It is even better than that, for, not
only are things getting cheaper, but
they have been getting cheaper right
along. And all this time you have been
complaining that they have been getting dearer, and proving It by comparing the prices of shoes, and ships
and sealing-wax, and cabbages, etc.,
today and ten years ago. Whis is a
grossly partizan method of comparison.
You compare the price of shoes today with the price of shoes ten years
ago, and you say shoes were cheaper
ten years ago, which isn't true, as
you will see by the following method
of comparison.
Compare today's price of shoes
with the price of sealing-wax, cabbage, etc., and then compare ten years
ago's price of shoes with the then
price of sealing-wax, cabbage, etc.
You will find tbey are all just about
where they were. The price of a
pair of shoes today will buy about as
much sealing-wax and cabbages as
the price of shoes ten years ago would
buy of sealing-wax and cabbages then.
Their relations have not changed appreciably. I
At the same time, owing to improvements in machinery, things are
produced very much more cheaply today than ever they were, and are,
moreover, sold cheaper. But, you say,
shoes that you could buy ten years
ago for three dollars, you cannot now
buy for five, so dearer they must be,
the Scotchman's unquestionable veracity to the contrary notwithstanding.
You are positive of that.
Well, supposing you and your neighbors were in balloons up out of si 11
of the earth, how would you uetermlne
which of you were going up or down?
You might say Tom was going up,
Dick was going down and Harry was
keeping still. But they might all bt
going either up or down, but at different speeds, so that the slowest
seemed to be going one way and the
fastest the other. Only by assuming
that Harry was a fixed point could
you assert that Tom was going up and
Dick going down.
Just so, by assuming that the dollar is a fixed point you say things
are dearer and were cheaper. But
you have no more proof that the dollar is a fixed point than you would
have that Harry was. Values may
thus appear to be going up, but how
do you know that it isn't the dollar
that is going down? Values of commodities, as compared with one another, do not appear to have moved
appreciably witbln the last ten years.
Would you say ninety-nine of your
balloons were going up and one was
standing still? Or would you say that
the one was going down?
And going down it is. Everything
is going down, but your dollar is going down so much faster that the
rest seem to be going up as if they
had been blown up.
Except, of course, one thing. And
that's your real trouble. The only
thing most of you have to sell Is going
down almost as fast as the dollar. It
is that commodity which you peddle
about wrapped in denim, calico, or
some such inexpensive shoddy. We
call It a package of labor-power. Its
buyer calls it "a hand." It is also
known as the masterpiece of Creation.
Creation was the original Joker evl-
] dently.
And there's the root of the trouble.
H Isn't that things are getting dearer.
It is that you are getting cheaper than
they are.
"What good does ttoat do you?"
Grateless wretch! Is it no comfort
to know what ls really wrong, even
If it's you? Will it not help you
devise a remedy? Now, in place of
crying to have things made cheaper,
you have but to Insist on being dearer.
Pray Insist.   It amuses.
locals will receive bundles of this
Issue, due to expire in three weeks.
Secretari-es will please notify this office whether same Is to be continued,
forwarding money at the rate of one
and a quarter cents per copy for
bundles received.
"Adrianople is reported to be in
flames and threatened with utter destruction, and Mexico City is falling
to pieces under the artillery lire of two
contending factions, but no particular
excitement can be observed here regarding this destruction of sacred
property. One Mexican director of
the destruction hoists four blockB of
buildings into the air at one time with
a blast of dynamite ln order to get an
unobstructed sweep and range for his
cannon, for the purpose of further Increasing the destruction, and the press
chronicles the event in the most matter-of-fact manner, as"one of the minor
details of the general smash-up, and
fills its columns with photographs taken on the spot, and drawings from
special artists, showing the havoc created. Houses, offices, palaces, and
public buildings with tottering walls,
roofs blown off with shell fire, street
pavements torn up under showers of
projectiles, ruin and devastation on
every hand are featured not so much
as horrible things, but rather as matters of somewhat mild interest to the
American public. It is apparently not
a matter of very great concern to the
American people, and compared with
other alleged interests ln the disturbance, it is of distinctly secondary consideration, though, of course, more
"And the reason therefor Is that the
disturbance is not a social revolution
in the sense that lt contemplates any
change in the essential relations and
ownership of property. Hence the destruction of some property is merely
incidental. But were the Diaz faction
known to be striving for social revolution involving the collective ownership
of all property, this destruction would
become a thing of unmitigated horror,
and our press would literally foam at
the headline over the hideous vandalism. It would represent "civilization"
itself as being destroyed in the destruction of these buildings. The vocabulary of denunciation, expletive
and invective would be utterly exhausted in an effort to find sufficient adjectives to describe the unutterable horror and villainy of the procedure; and
the army of intervention would long
ago have received marching orders.
The destruction of property in the conflict would then become the one thing
of apparently transcendent importance, and the entire responsibility for
it would be loaded upon the shoulders
of the revolutionists. It is worth noting, too, perhaps, that although the
forces attempting the overthrow of
the established order in Mexico are
righting under a red flag, the matter
is in no way considered a menace.
"About forty-two years ago something similar happened in the city of
Paris, and the capitalist press has not
yet got through shrieking over it, and
this only because it was recognized
that one of the parties to the conflict
was of strongly working class characteristics, and was fighting mainly in
the interests of that class. The actual
destruction of property lhat took place
was made to serve as the expression
of the horror and fear of capitalist society over the menace to all property
relations that the possibility of victory to the working class in the struggle seemed to Involve.
"The chances r.re that Mexico City
will suffer proportionately as much aa
Paris did in the Commune, so far as
destruction of property is concerned,
but five years from now it will be spoken of in much the same manner as an
accidental fire that might have ravaged the city, while the Paris Commune is still a subject of breathless
horror after nearly half a century has
"In reality, lt Is not the actual destruction of property that is feared,
but rather its transfer Into the collective control of the workers and the
consequent abolition of its character
as capitalist property. To the capitalist mind such a contingency seems Immeasurably worse than actual destruction.
"There would be Infinitely more
genuine weeping and walling in capitalistic society if a successful social
revolution transferred all capitalist
property absolutely intact into the collective control of the people than if
nine-tenths of the existing capitalist
property were actually destroyed in a
successful effort to preserve -the system from abolition through physical
force. And It is, therefore, not at all
surprising that even the wholesale
destruction of property can be contemplated with comparative calm, when it
occurs in a dispute between rival factions which both uphold the system
of capitalist property."-—N. Y. Call.
The British Columbia voters' list
has been cancelled and voters will
have till April 9 to get on again.
Every voter who was on the old lists
has been struck off, and new lists will
be made up during the month. You
have only till April 9 to get ok, so If
you are desirous of getting on you had
better get busy right away.
A Commissioner foi taking Affidavits will be in attendance at the ward
meetings, also at the business meetings of the Socialist locals. Those
not able to attend these meetings can
be sworn in at the Court House.
To work is ennobling; to toil is degrading.
By J. L. Engdahl.
"Their fingers are so very little, you
see. That makes lt so much easier
for the girls to do tho work. Men and
women, you know, have big fingers
and they cannot do the work so quickly and easily."
The Chicago paper box king delivered himself of this brilliant view of
the situation in the ordinary course of
the regular day's work.
In the meantime the little fingers of
the diminutive girls toiled on. They
cut and shaped and glued together the
materials that go to make those little
boxes that are soon to hold some
dainty things—trinkets rare or sparkling jewels, or perhaps sometimes
meaner things that go Into the homeH
of those we might refer to as the lesser rich. But tirut of all these little
boxes must all receive the creating
touch of those very little, nimble fingers.
The top floor of the factory of the
Ritchie Paper Box Company ln Chicago is known as "the kindergarten,"
because of the age of the girls employed there.
There are 4,000 girls employed ln
the cigar-making industry of Philadelphia alone. They also make up the
greater part of the payroll in the factories of the tobacco trust.
'Tis said the nation must have its
confections. Therefore we, too, have
candy kings who rule o'er little girls
toiling endlessly at long benches, dipping chocolates, making caramels and
peppermints and bitter sweets and
many other sweet and appetizing
t..ings. They wrap them, too, in dainty tissues, and pack them, too, in'
brightly colored boxes, large and
small. What matters it if the childish
fingers ache, or tender backs grow
numb or if the brains do reel? The
work for them is very easy, because)
their fingers are so very little.
The giant looms move on. It seems
as if some monster whip doth always
crack across the backs of girls arrayed in lines before these things like
galley slaves. There Is no stopping
for a breath, a second's thought or
momentary rest. It all keeps on moving, moving, always moving, lt is so
very easy for those fingers to spin
the threads and weave the cloths, because they are so very little, don't
you know? "Tis true, lt must be true;
the masters have said 'tis true, and
they—who else—can really, truly
The cracker barons of the nation
must have bread. So they plan a
thousand different kinds of crackers
to fill the people's wants, receiving
profits in return, sometimes hill and
Socialist Party Directory
Socialist l'urty of Cunada, meets flrnt
ami third Sundays, 3 p.m., ut 516
Main St.    J.  11. BurrouKb, Secretary.
Executive Committee, Socialist l'urty
of Canada. meets same us above.
Socialist l'urty of Cunada, meeta every ulternute Tuesduy, at 41111 KlKlitli
Ave. Kust. Burt K. Anderson, Secretary, Box 61", Calgary.	
SASKATCHEWAN PROVINCIAL*-, EXECUTIVE, 8. 9. ot C, Invites all comrades residing in Saskatchewan to
communicate with tbem on organization mutters. Address 1>. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West, Moose Jaw,
Committee: Notice:—This curd Is Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you urc
desirous of becoming a member, 01
wish to get tiny Information, write the
Secretary, J. IJ. Houston. 1S3 Furby
St.,  Winnipeg.
Committee, Socialist Party of Cuniidu.
meets every second and fourth Hun-
duys In the Caps Breton oltlco of the
Party, Commercial Street, Gluce Bay,
N. S. Dun Cochrane, Secretary, llox
491,  Olace  Buy,  N.S.	
LOCAX, VANCOUVEB, Bo. 69, U. 9. of O.
Headquarters, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr street. Business meeting on first
of every month nt 8 p.m. Secretary,
J. McMillan, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C. 	
LOCAL   PEBNTE,   ■.   F.   of   C,   HOLD
educational meetings ln the Miners'
Union Hall every Sunduy at 7.30.
Business meeting first Monday In each
month, 7.30 p.m. Economic clans every Sunday afternoon 111 2.30. If.
Wllmer. Secretary, Box  3X0.
S. P. of C.—Business meeting every
tlrst Sunduy of the month und 1.11,1,'
giindil meeting every third Sunday'
Boom open to everybody at 612 Cor
dova St. Kast, 2 p.m. Secretin y L"
Anderson, Burnet, B. C.
LOOAL   VANCOUVEB,   B.   C,   Ho.   «
Finish. MectM every second ana
fourth Thursdays In the month „,
2218 Pender (it. liast. Qvla Lln.l. Sec.
LOCAI. VANCOUVBB No. 1. U. T. of c
Business meeting every Tuesduy myT
11I11K at Headquarters, 213 Uustlnm,
St.  Kast.    H. Hahim, Secretary.       *
Miners' Hall und Opera House. Prupa"
ganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the n,sl
and third Sundays of the month lnU|.
ness meeting*) on Thursday evening!
following propaganda meeting;- m ,
Organizer, T. Steele, Colemun, Altu:
Secretary, Jas. Ulcndennlng, Hex «-'
Coleman, Alta Visitors may receive
Information any day at Miners' Hell
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box 63, Cole,
man, Alta
P. of C. Headquarters 622 firm si
Business and propaganda nwi,,,,,
every Wednesday at 7.30 p.m. sharp,
Our reading room Is open to the pyfc.
lie free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. ,i«n.
Secretary, J. A. S. 8mlth, 122 First
St.; Organiser, W. Stephenson
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday ev.enlng at 8 o'clock nt the heart.
quarters.   134   Ninth   Ave.   West.    H.
S.  Maxwell, Secretary.	
every Sunday, Trades Hall, 8.00 p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday. *
p.m., Trades Hall. W. B. Bird. Ocs
Del., Secretary.
S. P. of C Meets first and third Sundays ln the month at 4.00 p.m., In
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Charles Ptt-
cock, Box 198S.	
LOCAL BOSSLAND, Ho. 85, B. 9. ot C,
meets In Miners' Hull every Sunday at
7.30 p.m. K. Campbell, Organizer,
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 125. Finnish branch meet* In Flnlanders' Hnll
Sundays ut 7.30 p.m. A. Babble, Secretary,   Box   64,   Rossland,   B.   C.
LOCAL MICHEL, B. C, Ho. 10, S. 9. Of
C, holds propaganda meetings every
Sunday afternoon ut 2.30 In Crahnn's
Hall. A hearty Invitation Is extended to all wage slaves within reach of
us to attend out- meetings. Bus in ess
meetings ure held the first and third
Sundays of each month nt 10.30 a.m.
In the mime hall. Party organizers
take  notleo.    T.   W.  Brown,  Secretury.
P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays of
each month.    B. F. Onyrnnii. Secretary.
LOCAL   VICTORIA,   Ho.  3,  S.   P.   of  C,
headquarters und rending room *>73
Yules St. Business meeting every
Tuesday. 8 p.m. Propaganda, meeting
Sunduy,   8 p.m.,  Empress Theatre.
Nn. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 O'clock In Public Library room. John
Mclnnis, Secretary; Andrew Allen, Organizer.
LOCAL CUMBEBLAHD Ho. 70, 8. 9. ot
C. Business meeting every Sunduy.
10.30 a.m. Kconomlc class held twice
each Thursday. 10.30 a,m. (for after-
noon shift), 8 p.m. ifor morning
shift). Propaganda meeting every
Sunday. 3 p.m. Headquurters: Socialist Hall, oposlte post office. Financial
Secy., Thomas Carney; Corresponding
Secretary, Joseph Nuylor.
8. P. of C--Headquarters, Labor Temple. Business meeting every Saturday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday at 8 o'clock in the Dream-
lund Theatre, Main Street. "Secretary
.1. O'Brien. Boom 12, 680 Main St.
Buslness meetings the first Bunday In
month In the Labor Hall, 218 liank
Street, at 8 p.m. Secretary, Sam Ilor-
with, "The White Book Store." :*i
Rldeau St., Ottawa
Time—Headquarters ln Buknsln Klk ,
Commercial St. Open every evening
Business and Propaganda meeting at
readquorters every Thursday nt I p m
Alfred Nash. Secretary. Box l.r.<i; liar-
old O. Bosh, Organizer. Box 6f>G.
Scotia. — Business and propaganda
meetings every second Mondav nt 7 Si
In the SORT. Hall bnrk of Town
Hall.    William  Allen.  Secretary, not
.•*4 4.
The capitalist press tell us that the
Immigration to Canada this year will
bo bigger than ever, and yet the unemployed problem here is getting
The next B. C. election will afford
a grand opportunity to get a big Socialist representation at Victoria. Let
U3 get together and work toward that
RUSH    IN    THE    SUBS.
sometimes mountain high. These
thousand kinds of crackers are all
machinery-made, Intricate machinery-
made, and 'tis easy for tiny girls' fingers to guide these iron and steam
colleagues of human flesh, human
blood and human bone, because, you
see, the little girls have such little
So the story goes. Each day sees
some new chapter added to the growing tale. First father, then mother,
now brother discarded, cast into the
growing ranks of numerous unemployed. Why? necause 'tis said, her
fingers are so very small, quick and
agile. That makes the work for her
so very easy, can't you see? 'Tis
mere display of ignorance for anyone
professing not to understand.
Empress Theatre    W. J. Bennett Speaker
Vancouver, B.C.
8 pjn.
The first meeting of the ward organizations will take place at the following places, and then lt can be decided
where the meeting can be held for
future dates. Meetings of the Social
ists in wards not mentioned will be
announced as soon as a meeting place
can be arranged.
Ward II. Socialists,
will meet ln the Labor Temple, Friday, March 14, at 8 p.m. Every So
clallst ln Ward II. is invited to at-
'tend this meeting. Make a note ot
the date and be on time.
Ward III. Socialists
will meet in Room 10, 213 Hastings
Street East, corner of Hastings and
Main over the Union Bank, on Friday,
March 21, at 8 p.m. All Socialists,
male or female, are invited to this
Ward  IV. Socialists
will meet In Room 10, 213 Hastings
Street East, corner of Hastings and
Main, over the Union Bank of Canada, on Thursday, March 20, at 8 p.
m.   Come early and bring along that
other fellow who Is coming our way.
, General Organizer.
Those who think have struck the
first blow for freedom.
When there are no surplus values
to fight over, war will end. To abolish
surplus values—profits—is the mission
of the Socialists.
Forty-second Anniversary of the
Smoking   Concert   in   Comment-
meoration to Be Held In
8.30 P.M.
Music, Songs and Speeches.
TICKETS $1.00.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, afflrrn
our allegiance to and support of tbe principles and programme of tbi
revolutionary working clans.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong
The present economic system ia based upon capitalist ownership ol
the means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong
to the capitalist class. The capitalist Is therefore master; the worker
a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession of the rein".
of government all the powers of the State will be used to protect ami
defend their property rights In the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an evtr-s well inn
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-Increasing measure of
misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies in the direction of settlnn
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by tbe abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transform*
tion of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production Into col'
lectlve or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interest between the capitalist snd
the worker Is rapidly culminating In a struggle for possession of th«
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure M
by political action.   This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the bannet
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with the object of conquering Hi*"
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the aconomlt
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist prop
erty in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factorie**,
mills, railroads, etc.) Into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry by
the workers.
8, The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system Is abolished, make* the answer to this Qi""*
tion Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance ttie
Interests of the working cluss and aid the workers ln their class struggle again*** capitalism? If It will, the Socialist Party is for It; If "
will not, the Socialist Patty Is absolutely opposed to It
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed ln Its hands ln such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
5 Yearlies-$3.75
10 yt   "      4'°°
20 J4   "       400 <--,Tl'RDAY March 8, 1913
Thin  page  Is  devoted   to  reports  of  Executive  CommltteeH   t n.ai„   ,",7",
1 h-'o&?ral Party Matter-,    Address all wmmunlcTtloM tJ.' 11. iiSrroJJf
Secretary, 618 Main St.,  Vancouver,  B, 0, "uiiougn,
March 2  1913.
Convened at 516 Main Street.
Piesent: Held, Karme, Rahim, ('as-
j    --rttcbard, Connor and Secretury.
Connor in the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting adopted aB read.
Correspondence dealt with from
Mrs Thos. Gray, A. R. Meek, Local
Langley No. 73, C. O. Johnson, Car-
ml; Alf. Johnson, Local Silver Creek,
\jr n. Kmbree, Erlckson, with appli-
,'..„';„„' for charter; J. J. Robinson,
Udysmlthi Frank Campbell, Trail;
H iialglelsh, Victoria; Paul Ander-
,on Ilarnet; Hattle Bone, Clayton;
Angus McLeod. Stewart; Cha«. M.
I,,iki', Stewart; John Mclnnis, South
■.'on George; A. Manson, Nelson; J.
rohnion, Lynn Creek; J. Powers,
Oriel Point; M. W. Smith, Midway;
Henry Malbow, Fernle; Thos. Carney,
Cumberland,  and   John    C.    Turner,
Charter granted    to Local Creston,
No. "6.
Local Cumberland  No. 70, supplies    * W*
Local   So.   Ft.   George   No.   61
Stamps    500
Local  Creston   No.   76,  charter
and supplies    7.00
Ux-al Trail, on ac  MO
Local Fernle   5.00
McLeod, Angus, Literature 50
Stamps from  Dom.  Ex.  Com.   .1
Literature from Dom. Ex. Com.
$ 4.60
$ 4.70
Dominion Executive Committee.
March  2, 1913. ,
Convened  at  516  Main  street.
Present:—Reid, Karme, Rahim, Cas-
ildy, Pritchard, Connor and secretary.
Connor in the chair.
Minutes of previous regular meeting
and special meeting adopted as read.
Correspondence dealt with from
Burt. E. Anderson. 8ec. Alta. Prov.
Exec.   Thos.   Mllner,   Regina,   Sask;
D. McMillan, Sec Sask. Prov. Exec;
Dan Cochrane. Sec. Maritime Prov.
Exec.; A. G. McCallum, Ottawa; W. F.
of M„ South Porcupine, Ont.; Ph.
Kaughman, Montreal; and Aaron Gilbert, Hrockvllle, Ont.
Printing and mailing No. 694
of Western Clarion  $106.40
Telegrams, Victoria, Ottawa
and  Calgary        2.10
Moving stock from 2215 Pender E. to 516 Main Street      3.25
E. S. Kingsley, on ac    50.00
(Balance due $60).
P.  O.   Stamps         5.00
To Sec. for trip to Victoria     10.00
Warrants ordered drawn.
Secretary reported that assistance
from Victoria, promised at beginning
of the week, had not been received,
nor any answer to communication
sent requesting same to be forwarded
at once.—Report received.
Secretary reported difficulty experienced with the P. O. authorities ln
mailing first Issue of the Clarion.
They   had   refused   to  accept   it   for
Why ls Socialism so comparatively
sterile? The workers are in that stage
of restlessness that but little is necessary to make them take violent
action.   What they lack ls knowledge.
The reason of the sterility of the
movement is not the apparent apathy
of the worker alone, for one finds In
almost every worker one meets the
feeling that "something is going to
happen," and a foolish hatred of the
capitalist. The reason can rather he
found In the Socialist himself, who
refuses to teach the masses the only
way by which their economic position
can be permanently improved.
A man who claims to be a Socialist, and who does nothing to help educate the Ignorant worker, is playing
the capitalist game.
It ls because the Socialist does not
reach the worker and place him on
the bed-rock of economic truth, that
he turns, unconscious of his true position in society to the fanciful and fictitious solution of the "universal brotherhood of man" based on the ethics
of a defunct epoch.
Winnipeg poetesses a number >f
clear, sound, Marxian economists, who,
though nominally members of Winnipeg Local, do not take active part in
any propaganda work that the very
few may attempt. Six weeks ago a
summoned meeting of the above local
was called, and out of the total membership the overwhelming number of
seven attended.
(This was written on October 26th,
Winnipeg Local is at the present
time in a critical condition, and If
those members d" not get around
and help keep lt alive, there is no
alternative but to drop out of existence. There is no reason why a good
movement should not exist 'n Winnl-
I peg. as a number of the workerB aro
advanced in the kicking stage, then--
for. If the members of the Local want
the movement to continue In Winnipeg they will have to render what
help they ar" able to.
Western Canada at the present time
Is deluged wllh a flood of preachers,
evangelists, parsons and others of that
Ilk, interested in the endeavor to revive a dying religion that has reached
Its zenith, and is being evolved to extinction by the hunt for the dollar,
and the struggle to find and retain
that elusive "job.'-
The energy displayed by these creatures of capitalism has almost reached
the point of frenzy. Meetings are being held In the noon hour in the railroad workshops, in churches, even in
that "devil's palace," the vaudeville
theatre, and at night in every available hall in the cities.
The worker cannot evade being reminded of his "sins," and that he can
be relieved of the burden of these inconveniences without money and without price, if he only will.
Inces lapsing, as one worthy stated,
"back to paganism." Back of these
one* may flnd the "Men and Religion
Forward Movement," financed by
Pierpont    Morgan.    Rockefeller    and
 _^   ^  other kings and barons of industry, all
transmission~at"the privileged rate of!organized for the purpose of bringing
a quarter cent per pound, pending re of the inhabitants of the prairie prov-
celpl of authorization from Ottawa, mankind Into one vast brotherhood,
which had been applied for. and demanded payment at the usual rate of
s cents a pound for bundles, and one
"nt for single copies. The bundles
liail been mailed to all locals at 8
cents per pound, and the single copies
Were being held pending receipt of
privileges.—Report received and ac-
Hon endorsed.
Prom Sec. bal.    over   expenses,
Victoria trip  $5.45
Charter fee. Creston, B.C  1-00
"wing to pressure of work on the
Secretary, Com, J. Reld  was appoint-
'"'I bookkeeper.
''■■•viously   acknowledged    $8887
"»n   $    .06
P. Dempster    2.00
Hnrrlngton 25
G. McKensle     5.00
Local Van. No. 1. (surplus
•v'ar.  2)     28.65
 $ 35.95
J   Kinnear        2.00
I'rlntlng and mailing No. 694... $106.40
'•""ting      in.00
kind, altruistic people, who are afraid
All this Is being done by those good,
Oh! beautiful vision! One universal
brotherhood (of slavery), each brother
competing with the other brother for
a Job, so that they will become a servile mass of willing slaves, submitting to all the hardships, misery, exploitation and degradation of this life,
firm in the belief that they will receive their rownrd in the "great beyond."
Bul Socialists may profit by observing the methods pursued by these mental chloroformers, nnd noting the perfection of their organization machinery. With an organization like that
In every Industrial country, Socialism
would assume a closeness of perspective that would astonish the most op
Mtnlstlc of  Its  adherents.
""lance on hand  $10.42
The difference between the Liberal
■"•d Conservative parties Is that one
'-•presents the dominant capitalist In*
Crests and the other wishes it could.
The above communication, found,
by a lucky chance, from the point of
view of the editor, who has no copy
hand, and has necessarily to dig
up for the next Issue or two)
although written In October Inst, Is,
from all Information at hnnd, as applicable today as at the time it was
written. The article Is printed now.
not for the purpose of directing attention to Winnipeg Local in particular,
but to draw attention to the general
malady of "lalssoz faire" which has
afflicted the party as ti whole for the
last twelve or eighteen months, but
from which, happily, there aro now
signs of a rapid and healthy convalescence.
Winnipeg Local is not alone.   Many
of the Locals throughout Canada, the
reports of whose activities made the
secretaries' page of The Clarion such
interesting and inspiring reading a
couple of years ago, were stricken
with the same disease. Economic conditions are doubtless at the bottom of
it. It would be foiish and unwarrant
ted for anyone to curse and abuse,
and hurl lurid adjectives at the delinquents.
The Socialist Party has been refer
red to as " the part of discontent" by
capitalist defenders, who look upon
the description as a condemnation.
They spoke the truth. A rebellious
spirit cannot be expected from slaves
who think' their meal ticket assured
and that has been, largely, the condition prevailing ln the Canadian West
for the last year or two. The great
development that has taken place during that period In railroad construction, upbuilding of cities, public works
etc., created a demand for the pro
ducts of almost every Industry, result
Ing In a spell, rather longer than usual
In these days of what are termed In
common parlance "good times." Thc
surplus labor <>n the market was to
a large extent absorbed by the headlong steeplechase of production and as
the ordinary wage-slave's conceptions
rarely rise above the ideal of getting
a "good job." and hanging on to It
when he gets it, he would naturally
give more heed to the blatant boosting of "our" prosperity, dished up
for his delectation by capitalist agencies than to the (to him) pessimistic
forebodings of the Socialists. Was he
not getting a "fair wage?" Were not
his fellows receiving the same bless
ing? Sure, they were—and he would
pick up his daily menu of capitalist
misinformation and swell with pride
as he read the soaring statistics of
production of "his" glorious Dominion.
It is to these reasons, economic at
the bottom, that the writer ascribes
the general stagnation of party activity. The san:> l'-io of reasoning
convinces him that the present signs
of a desire for healthy activity by the
members of the party alBO have their
source, not ln the special merits of
the individual exhibiting it (although
that is doubtless a factor) but in a
change that has been taking place in
those same economic conditions during the last few months.
The floods of immigrants poured
Into the country by the capitalist
agencies, from the Dominion and provincial governments to the Salvation
Army, in answer to the howl put up
of a scarcity of labor by Canadian exploiters, are beginning to make their
presence felt in the labor market. Jobs
today are neither so easy to get nor
to hold as they were a year ago. As
an example in point Vancouver, in
spite of the advent of fair weather
after an exceptionally severe winter,
is crowded with idle men, skilled and
unskilled. Had it not been for the
heavy snowfall that employed a small
army of men to clear away, thus enabling them to tide over the slack
months, the magnitude of the "unemployed question" would have caused
the city fathers many an anxious rao
The Canadian labor market todav,
from the capitalist point of view, is
in a healthy condition. There is every
Indication that from now on there
will be a "reserve army" of unemploy
er of handsome proportions, summer
as well as winter, acting automatic
ically in keeping down wages to a bare
subsistence level, and as a force in
speeding up the worker who has a job.
To the Socialist also things look
good. His propaganda and analysis of
the tendency of capitalist production
is not now scouted as a "calamity
howling." What has been laughed at
Is now being thought of. The spirit
of discontent is in the air, and "the
party of discontent" is going to reap
a rich harvest of adherents and converts.
The expectation that the Socialist
Party of Canada will rise to the occasion is justified by its previous record
No other organization was ever confronted with such stupendous difficult-
lt>B in the line of distance, scattered
population, and expensive travelling
and no other has such a record of
things accomplished in as short a time.
Hardly a township, mining camp or
city but what has been reached by its
literature or organizers. Through foul
ond fair weather it has stuck to the
task of education, refusing to abate
one jot or tittle of its principles f»r
the sake of temporary political advantage. The speaker or writer who
would advocate reform In lieu of revolution, who would hedge and compromise with the enemy, Is conducted
to the rear today 'ts determinedly and
ns effectively as In the past.
With these qualifications no misgiv
ing need be entertained that it will
full to answer to the task now before
It _-0f carrying the education and propaganda of Marxian Socialism forward with renewed energy and deter
As nn Integral part of the Socialist
Party of    Canada,    Winnipeg    Local
shares  in  its  glory, and  will  do  Its
full share ln gaining fresh laurels.
J. H. B.
8ubs. Received:
J. McLeod, O. Ray, John G. Meldrum,
H. E. Smith, L. A. Miller, B. Ainsley,
A. McMillan, W. Blackie, J. McMillan,
S. Lee, H. J. Morris, Karl Berg, John
Rein, A. S. Craig, Thos. Bunn, G.
Wright, W. A. Pritchard, R. S. Harris, C. Butt, W. Cartwright, J. Peterson, J. Harrington, F. H. Groom-
H. Norman, New Westminster.
Jas. Leslie, Cedar Cottage, B. C.
W. C. Manning, Central Park, B ,C.
W. Feeney, N. Vancouver, B C.
Fred Starkey, Soda Creek, B. C.
Jas. Rintoul, Coquitlam, B. C.
J. Hanson, Sudley; J. Sldaway, H. J.
Cooke, Sudley; Misa F. J. Davis, R. W.
Griffiths, Brierly Hill—England.
Thos. Mllner, Regina, Sask.
E. Wilson, Montreal, Q.
J. J. Robinson, Lodysmlth, B. C.
A. G. McCallum, W. J. McCallum,
Ottawa, Ont
John Mclnnls—So. Ft. George, B. C.
H. Williams, J. Spargo—So. Vancouver, B. O.
Com. J. R. Knight's   dates on the
Coast: —
March 16—Victoria.
March 17—Ladysmlth.
March 20—Cumberland.
March 23—Nanaimo.
March 26—Gibson's Landing.
March 26—Port Moody.
March 30—Vancouver.
Subsequent dates may be arranged.
Feb. 26, 1913.
Yours re Calgary to hand and am
Informed that you have since then
wired them that lt will be a party
paper. I will help a bit when I get
a pay day.
Filed March 2, 1913.
heavy drain made upon it by reason of
maintaining organizers in the field,
together with the scarcity of money
among the farmer locals at this time
of the year, and slack times generally.
However, we expect the work of the
organizers to bear fruit in the
near future in the form of
new locals and increased membership, and consequently, increased
per capita, when we will be able to
square up our old account. And, by
the way, this is one way in which
the Alberta Executive can render substantial assistance to the D. E. C. This
Executive is obliged, for the reasons
mentioned above, to extend credit to
various locals ln the matter of supplies, in order to hold them together,
so that we, too, have accounts outstanding.
Hoping that you will comply with
my request, I am, B. E. A.
•   •   *
Manchester, Feb. 15th.
Dear Comrade:—
I leave for Canada on Feb. 21st (a
week before you will get this) and
ask you to send my B. C. Federationist
on in future to me as follows.
Moses Baritz, 142 Hogarth Ave., Toronto, Ont.
If my sub. is up let me know, but
please continue sending It until you
write me. z
Yours fraternally,
I am going to reside in Canada permanently.
•**■'■     —•
cal details, and before he was ready
to discuss them, he wanted to meet
the delegation then on Its way to Edmonton.—Calgary Herald.
35 Brock Ave., Toronto.
Mr. J. H. Burroughes,
2215 Pender St. E.,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir,
I enclose m.o. for $2.00 re Subsidy
Fund for Socialist paper. Will send
$2.00 monthly towards same for tbe
period desired.
Tours for tho cause,
• •   •
Calgpry, Alta., Feb. 28, 1913.
Enclosed is $5.00 and application
for charter for Local Penticton. The
comrades that once formed a local
here have all gone and this Is a new
bunch. It ls a difficult matter to
get subscriptions for the new paper
as nearly all I approach want flrst
to see the paper, which Is very natural, so let me have some copies as
soon as you can. It would be as well
to send charter immediately as I
found that at Trail they were kept
waiting about two months for It and
by that time a number of those who
signed the application had lost Interest.
Yours for Socialism,
• •    •
Please forward me at once $20.00
worth of due stamps. Wlll forward you
the money for same as soon as possible.
I remain,
Your in revolt,
d. McMillan.
• •    •
Dear Comrade,
Please forward me 100 due stamps
at once.   Find  enclosed  $5.00  order.
Yours ln revolt,
P.S.—Will write you in a few days.
• •   •
Calgary, Feb. 26, 1913.
Dear  Comrade: —
Your lengthy letter of the 23rd Instant, explanatory of the recent action
of the Dominion Executive in drawing up the agreement with R. I. Matthews, the reasons for cancelling the
same, and submitting the new proposition for the Inauguration of a Party-
owned organ, was received today.
The Alberta Executive meets tomorrow, when your letter will be laid before them, and I shall advise your
Executive immediately thereafter of
their stand in the matter.
Personally, 1 believe that the Alberta Executive will endorse the new
policy of the Dominion Executive, and
i have every confidence that the comrades of Ixical Calgary also, will give
their  energetic   support  to   the  new
Edmonton, Feb. 26.—The government's new mines act is destined to
meet with a great deal of opposition
before it becomes law. The measure
was taken up in the legislature yesterday afternoon and nearly every clause
was challenged in some way.
The chief opposition came from
Charles M. O'Brien, Socialist member
for Rocky Mountain, and it was at bis
request that consideration of the bill
was laid over until today. Mr. O'Brien
announced that officials of organized
bodies of Alberta miners would arrive
in Edmonton, armed with 'protests
against the legislation, as proposed.
The Socialist member claimed that
the interest of the operators was
beautifully protected in the bill submitted. Hon. C. R. Mitchell, minister
of public works, replied to the effect
that the bill had been drafted with all
fairness to both parties. After all, he
said, the bill was a matter of general
policy with which the legislature
should be able to deal without the assistance of Mr. O'Brien's deputation.
Should Hear Delegates.
Mr. O'Brien said that it was not a
matter that could be adequately dealt
with by the legislature unless it had
all possible information before it. He
did not want to obstruct or delay the
work of the house, but maintained
that it was necessary, In the interests
of the province, that the delegates
should be heard. The members of the
legislature, said Mr. O'Brien, "would
never guess of all the petty, cheap
grafts, that are practiced in small details, the meanest little grafts you ever
heard of. It would take me two hours
to tell you what I know about it." Mr.
O'Rrien stated that these grafts were
practised in connection with the hand
ling of certificates and In other ways
which will probably be designated at
a later date, in the discussion of the
The house went into committee on
the bill shortly after four o'clock, and
had succeeded in getting through only
eight of the 146 clauses that comprise
the measure an hour later, when Mr.
O'Brien asked that further consideration be adjourned.
Objects to Clause.
Clause Ave was the flrst to be assailed by the Socialist member. This
clause requires all mines to keep
the name, age, residence, and date of
employment of every person employed
ln the mines. This book, as the bill
stands, ts open only to the mine inspectors. Mr. O'Brien held that representatives of the men should have
access to this record also. He also
asserted that the mine inspectors were
already very much overworked, and
that the benefits of keeping the record
would be minimized unless the workers, through their officers, had access
to the books. He pointed out that
these lists were frequently used for
padding voters' lists.
Women in  Mines.
Mr. O'Brien did not object to the
clause forbidding the employment of
women and girls in mines, but point-
RU8H    IN    THE    8UBS.
Clarion.   Furthermore, I anticipate the
hearty co-operation of the Alberta ied out that right in Edmonton women
membership as a whole, with the Do-1 wOT« Deing employed In worse places.
mtnlon Executive in their efforts to He did not think that women would
launch a party-owned paper. fare to Invade the mines of this coun-
However, the above ls  merely my "*>* owing to the hard nature of the
personal opinion on the subject, and work.    Regarding the employment of
should not be construed as an official child  labor, he pointed  out that op-
statement, emanating from the Alberta ; erators  were  always ready    to
Executive. jyoung boys  to    work    because
Again assuring you that the decision j younger  they  were,  the   greater  ef*
of our Executive will be conveyed to | forts  they made to match  or excel
you as soon as possible after the meet-1 the work done by the older men
lng, I am fraternaly your comrade,
Secretary Alberta Executive Com.
P. S.—Will you forward at once 300
due stamps?   The Alberta exchequer
ls,  to  all   practical  purposes,  empty
at   the   present  time,  owing  to   the
O'llrlen would have liked to see owners, managers, parents and guardians
all made liable to prosecution tn the
event of children under the age of
fourteen years being employed.
At this time Mr. O'Brien found that
tho  bill was  proceeding  Into techni-
The rise of capitalist production
came with the Introduction of ne-
chanlcal appliances into the field of
industrial operations. When the old-
time, primitive band tool grew Into
a power-driven machine a transformation set in that was to completely alter the relations formerly existing between those who associate'
together in connection with Industrial processes and operations. A
new ruling class was brought forth
—the capitalist class—which was
to wrest the sceptre of power from
the feudal lords and wield it in its
own behalf. The master of the
small workshop was ln time to become the great "captain of industry"
whose economic dominion waa to
extend over vast armies of workmen
who would be compelled to obey his
mandate and toil unceasingly in order that his dominion might be still
further extended and his power proportionately increased.
Human society Is an organism
that ls born, grows, develops and
works out Its destiny the same as
txity other living thing. The law of
Its being Ib as inscrutable and ln-
Jexorable as that which determines
the existence of any other organism. However much we may deplore
those things in connection with social growth and* development that
appear to us to be evil, we should not
forget the fact that we have no
means of proving that they have not
been a i necessary and Inevitable
part of the great process.
Out of the loins of feudal society
came the class that was to play Its
part upon the stage of history during the next epoch. The capitalist
class that now rules the world in
strict accordance with the principles
laid down in cash book and ledger.
The rise of capitalism while bringing
its especial ruling class Into the
limelight at the same time brought
Into existence a new class, strong ln
numbers, that was commissioned by
the very logic of events to ultimately
overthrow the rule of capital as the
capitalist class had overthrown the
rule of feudalism. That new class
was the proletariat, the propertyless
This class has no counterpart tn
history. Outside ot a few personal
belongings the members of this class
have no property. Even these personal belongings are of such meagre
value that they are scarcely mentioned in the census or other records of the times. The reason the
proletarians have not been dispossessed of even these meagre belongings is doubtless due to the fact that
their value is too trivial to excite the
cupidity of thieves, even of the ruling class variety.
Not only are they without property but they are not property themselves in any legal sense. They are
neither owned outright aa were chattel slaves, nor tied to the land aa
was the feudal serf. In fact they are
absolutely free. No one owns them
by virtue of any title expressed In
legal terms. They are absolutely
free in a legal sense. They are also
free of property, except for the
aforesaid pitiful belongings. By
virtue of this they are "free" to sell
their labor-power to the capitalists
whenever those worthies are in a
sufficiently amiable mood to desire
their services. When they are not,
they are "free" to starve. When
they are employed by the capitalists
they are crucified upon the cross of
exploitation and their flesh consumed upon the altar ot proflt because
the stink of it smells good to the
capitalists. When not employed
they are privileged to sit around on
their haunches and howl dismally a
few howls and are then told to move
on. Their freedom so to do is often
emphasized with a few raps with a
In spite of lt all the proletariat ls
the salt of the earth . Of course
while the workers are humble, meek
and servile they are a very cheap
grade of salt. If lt possesses any
virtue It is not readily discovered. It
lies latent. When aroused to a consciousness of its Interests as a class;
when awakened to an understanding
of the task aet for lt by the hand
of time, the proletariat will rise to
the occasion and sweep the capitalist class and its profit-mongering
civilization Into the lumber room of
the past where many outgrown contraptions have gone before.
Evidence from the four quarters of
the globe shows that the proletariat
of all lands is awakening. There Is
going to be something doing in the
near future that will be worth while.
When it is done the social organism
will be free of the nightmare of
capitalist rule. The capitalist class
and the proletariat will have vanished. Master and slave wlll be no
more. MAN will have entered Into
his heritage. That heritage is Freedom.
The man who waits for the other
fellow to free hlm, usually sinks deeper Into the mire.
SATURDAY ..March 8, 1913
What a wonderful thing patriotism
is. Its composition ls a sort of liquid
ether that makes those addicted to its
use feel like a sixteen-year-old kid on
his tlrst cruise of booze. The first
symptoms of this malady Is a succession of hot and cold chills, that course
up and down your backbone; which
ln most cases necessitates the opening
of your mouth, in order to bray like
an ass. ThlB disease ls not hereditary,
it is contagious, and those who are responsible for its devastations, are generally known, as leading citizens; and
those who acquire it, as the working
All one has to do in order to infect
someone of the working class with this
virus Is to shout:    "The workingmen
of Canada are the   backbone   of the
country."   The effect ls Instantaneous.
They begin to swell up like a toy balloon, and the way they try to beat their
hands together makes one doubt their
sanity.   One of the stock   phrases is,
"OUR glorious Dominion," and the silly
working class imagine they're ln on
the game as well because they say
"Our."   When the vested interests of;
two countries get squabbling over the
spoils that have been taken from the
working class and war seems imminent, the mongers of patriotism proceed to get busy by telling the working plug to defend his country, and
his home, and all the other beautiful
things that he ls supposed to possess,
but doesn't.   They succeed In getting
him so riled up, that he will even go
and shoot his own father if he unfortunately happens to he AGIN the government.    Why do you let any one
gull you with Buch cheap trash?  Why
do you swallow all their sweet nothings about love and country, when all
the dirt you possess in the world is on
your own hide?    Do you enjoy the
glories of the Empire, and the liberty
of British citizens?    Is it patriotism
that prompts your capitalist masters
to buy cheap Oriental labor and let
you and yours starve to deatb?   Does
the Canadian capitalist invest the surplus—that has been squeezed out of
your carcasses—in Canada?   No!    He
invests it where he can get the safest
and quickest returns.   Does your large
railroad corporation or any other corporation buy its goods in Canada or its
labor?    Yet, in the face of abundant
proof you still persist in offering yourself as a target for some other fool to
pump lead into.    How long are you
going to sleep?   Don't you recognize
the insidious way this particular form
of hypnotism suggests itself to you?
Has patriotism given YOU anything to be proud of? What about
those who have sacrificed their lives
under such silly pretense? Can't you
hear the cry of the orphans and the
lament of the mothers and wives? Has
it not caused men to rush at each
other's throats like a lot of wild animals solely for the purpose of gratifying some one's ambition or extending
the domains of some aspiring nation?
Can you conceive of any sensible man
voting to power those who alone proflt
by such diabolical teaching which
exist in fancy and which should never
find a lodging place in the cranium of
civilized human beings?
There was a great crowd waiting
outside the foreign office. Mr. Ellis
Barker and Mr. Rosenbaum were conspicuous among the throng. Mr. Leo
Maxse had been moved on by the police for shouting through a megaphone, "Tax everything," under the
windows. Mr. Chiozza Money had
been removed in custody for smashing a window by hurling the last six
volumes of his financial publications
through It. At last the doors opened
an dthe colonial premiers emerged.
One of Mr. Rosenbaum's assistants
dashed to them and then whirled
round to the crowd, megaphone ln
"Der country saved ls!" he shouted.
"Canada says dot corn und timber
must taxed be, und Australia wool
und' butter, und New Zealand sheep-
flesh, und der Cape beast-skins und
fruit. Drei cheers fur der Empire. Tax
der foreigner."—Public Opinion.
In another column we print an announcement of an address (in English) to be given In the Labor Temple,
Vancouver, by Com. S. Nuorteva, of
the Finnish Parliament. He is a
graduate of the University of Finland.
For activity on behalf of the Socialist
i movement, he had to endure twelve
months' imprisonment. He will address meetings in four languages during his stay ln Vancouver—Finnish,
English, Russian and Swedish. All
the lectures will be illustrated by
The local Directory is the same as
that in the Inst Issue of the Clarion.
Pressure of work has not allowed
time for necessary alterations, known
to the office, to be made. Secretaries
are therefore requested to state if
card Is to be continued, and if so, to
notify this office of changes of officers,
addresses, etc., needed.
By Rudyard Kipling.
Seven men from all the worldv
to the docks again,
Rolling down the Ratcllff road, drunk
and raising Cain;
Give the gli'ia another drink 'fore we
sign away—
We that took the Bolivar out across
the bay!
....We put out from Sunderland loaded
down with rails;
We put back to Sunderland 'cause
our cargo shifted;
We put out from Sunderland—m H the
winter gales-
Seven days and seven nights to the
Start we drifted.
Racketing her rivets    loose,    smoke
stack white as snow,
All the coals adrift on deck, halt the
rails below.
Leaking like   a   bobster-pot storing
like a dray-
Out we took the Bolivar, out across
the bay!
One by one the lights came up, winked
and let us by;
Mile by mile we waddled on, coal
and foc'sle short;
Met a blow that laid us down, heard
a bulkhead fly;
1,-eft  the  Wolf behind  us  with   a
two-foot list to port.
Trailing like a wounded duck, working out her soul;
Clanging like a smithy shop, after
every roll;
Just a funnel and a mast lurching
through the spray—
So we thrashed the Bolivar out across
the bay!
Felt her hog and felt her sag, better
when she'd break;
Wondered every time she raced If
she'd stand the shock;
Heard  the   seas  like   drunken    men
pounding at her strake;
Hoped the Lord 'ud keep His thumb
on the plummet-block.
Banged against the iron decks, bilges
choked with coal;
Flayed and frozen feet and hands, slclc
of- heart and soul;
'Last we prayed she'd  buck    herself
Into Judgment Day—
HI!   we cursed the Bolivar knocking
round the bay!
Oh! her nose flung up to sky, groan
ing to be still-
Up and down and  back we  went,
never time for breath;
Then the    money    paid    at    Lloyd's
caught her by the heel,
And the stars ran round and round
dancln' at our death.
Aching for an hour's sleep, dozing or
Heard  the  rotten  rivets  draw  when
she took it green;
Watched the compass chase its ta!!
like a cat at play—
That was on the Bolivar, south across
the bay.
Once   we   saw  between   the  squalls,
lyln' head to swell—
Mad    with    work    and   weariness
wishin'-they were we—
Some damned  liner's  lights go    by,
-like a grand hotel;
Cheered    her    from    the    Bolivar,
swampin' in the sea.
Then a grayback cleared us out, then
the skipper laughed;
"Boys, the wheel has gone to hell—
rig the winches aft!
Yoke the kicking rudder-head — get
her under way."
So we steered her,  pulley-haul,    out
across the bay.
Just a pack a' rotten plates puttied
up with tar,
In we came, an time enough, 'cross
Bilbao Bar;
Overloaded,   undermanned,   meant   tn
founder, we
Euchred God Almighty's storm, bluffed
the Eternal Sea!
Seven men from all the world, baclr
to town again.
Rolling down the Ratcllff road, drunk
and raising Cain:
Seven men from out of hell!    Ain't.
the  owners gay,
'Cause we took the Bolivar safe across
the bay?
Literature agents   and   secretaries
will notice that the bundle rate has
been raised a quarter cent. This is
absolutely necessary If the Dominion
Executive is to avoid any loss from
bundle orders. Printing alone costs
three-quarters of one cent per copy,
leaving one-quarter of a cent to pay
for mailing, secretarial and editorial
work, etc. It means that the Ixieals
wlll still make a large proflt on the
bundles, and the Dominion Executive,
in the long run, will come out even.
At the old rate bundle orders were a
Five million Chlnocc women
been given the franchise.
Let the workers make and administer the laws and wealth will belong
to those who produce it.
There are people who tell us that Socialism is opposed to the teaching
of Science, and that, therefore, it must be unsound. Those people say that
the struggle for existence is a physiological law, and that to end it, or even
to mitigate its severity, must result in the deterioration of the human species.
I desire to say at once that if Socialism were opposed to Science I should
immediately reject it. However forcibly it might appeal to the sentimental
side of human nature it would not, in that case, be worth supporting. Science
is knowledge of the laws of nature. If Socialism were opposed to those laws,
even if established, it could not last. Nature, in the long run, always shapes
her ends in her own way, and fighting against her is folly, or even crime. But
I hold that Socialism is not opposed to the teaching of Science, and I hope
to prove in this essay that those who say it is know very little about Science or
else very little about Socialism, or perhaps very little about either. I undertake to show not only that Socialism is consistent with the laws of nature, but
also that its antagonist. Individualism, as we know it, is utterly inconsistent
with those laws. In order to do this it is necessary to explain the natural
laws which govern the problem under consideration. A knowledge of the
road along which man has travelled in the past will enable us to take an
intelligent view of his position in the present, and of the possibiblities which
are open to him in the future.
The scientific view is that man is the result of an evolutionary process,
and if the reader is to understand this process he must banish from his mind
the notion that man was first created about six thousand years ago. There is
no desire here of attacking theology, but it is necessary for the purposes of the
argument to explain that man lived on this earth not only more than six
thousand years ago, but more than sixty thousand, and probably very much
more than six hundred thousand years ago. If we were to assume that the
world was created only six thousand years ago, as is asserted in certain Jewish
documents, then the modern scientific theory of evolution would have to be
dropped, as that time would be by no means sufficient to account for the
immense changes in structure which, according to the teachings of Science,
have taken place in almost all species. It has long seemed to the present
writer that the facts, which are obvious to all of us, abundantly disprove the
reliability of the so-called Mosaic account of creation. It seems utterly
incredible that the different races of men on the earth today have differentiated
and descended from a common stock in six thousand years. The Negro and
the Caucasian, the Patagonian and the Laplander, the timid New Hollander
and the innovating Frenchman, the stolid Chinaman and the vivacious Celt,
the warlike Red Indian and the philosophical Hindu—can all these have
descended from the Adam and Eve of Genesis? Let it be borne in mind
that, according to the book, Adam and Eve were created perfect, and even
immortal. Had the apple not been eaten, immersion in the depths of the
sea for a week, or blowing to pieces with gunpowder, would not have killed
them. To what an appalling extent have we degenerated! Do those who
scornfully reject the view that men have evolved from monkeys, or some other
of the lower forms, quite realize that, according to the alternative theory with
which they provide us, men are fast degenerating into monkeys, and ultimately
into something very much lower? Let us leave this part of the subject with
just one remark. It is not here contended that God did not make man. The
contention is that, if he interfered in the matter at all, God, in making Nature,
endowed her with laws and forces capable of producing all the results we
see, man included.
Evidences of the antiquity of man are scattered all over the earth. One
or two points only can be dealt with here. The proofs furnished by the
delta of the Mississippi may be taken first.
The Mississippi delta is a triangular stretch of country beginning at the
seashore at either side of the river's mouth, and extending, or rather narrowing,
to a point some two hundred miles up the stream. It is formed of alluvial
matter deposited in a manner about to be described. The Mississippi, with
the Missouri, is the longest river in the world, and is fed by numerous tributary
streams. It, in fact, drains an immense area. At some part or other of this
area floods are constantly occurring. Everybody knows that floods of even
moderate dimensions wash away river banks and bottoms and carry the solid
matter downward towards the sea. Thus is the Mississippi constantly being
charged at some point with leaves or grass or earth. As the river and its
tributaries take their rise in high altitudes, the water flows rather rapidly and
carries the solid matter along. This happens until a point is reached about
two hundred miles from the sea. Here a level country it encountered, the
river widens, the water flows sluggishly, and the solid matter is gradually but
surely deposited on the bottom. It happens that this part of the world is
peculiarly adapted for the production of cypress trees. If an area be cleared
it will be found to be covered with a cypress forest in a very short time.
We will ask the reader to come back with us in imagination to the time
when the conformation of this part of the American continent first became
what it is today. That which is now the delta of the Mississippi was then a
■valley, bounded on either side by a row of hills, which the Yankees call
bluffs. In flowing towards the sea the river selected as its channel the lowest
part of this valley. The solid matter which it brought down was deposited
on the bottom, with the result that the river-bed at once began to be elevated.
The process was continued until the bed of the river was above the level of
the surrounding country. The water, naturally, then sought a lower level,
leaving the first bed high and dry. This, in a few years, was covered with
a forest of cypress trees. In the meantime the river began to elevate its second
bed, as it had elevated the first. In due course, that also became higher
than the surrounding country, was then deserted for a third channel, and soon
covered with a cypress forest. It will be sufficient to say that the third and
all subsequent channels were treated in the same way as the first two. The
river at one time or other flowed over every part of the valley. It could not
go outside certain limits because of the bluffs. Every part of the surface was
elevated in turn, and in time the first bed, which was deserted because it was
the highest part of the valley, had again become the lowest. Then the river
returned to it, and found growing there a forest of cypress trees, which it
promptly levelled, and soon covered with a layer of the solid matter brought
down by the water. In due course this bed was again deserted, and after
every other part of the valley had been elevated, was again sought. .Enough
has now been said to enable the reader to understand the process. The alluvial
matter of the valley has been found to be 528 feet deep, and to contain eleven
cypress forests, showing that the river has run over some parts as many as
eleven times. The rate at which the matter is being deposited can be measured,
and is known. Human remains have been discovered in many parts of the
delta, under several of the buried forests, and in one case in a stratum which
all geologists are agreed is older than all of them. The minimum time which
has elapsed since those remains were deposited where they were found has been
ascertained in the following manner: The age of a tree can always be found
by counting its rings of annual growth. The geologists took one tree from
each of the buried forests, counted its rings, added all together, and got a total
of over fifty-seven thousand years. Let it be borne in mind that this is but
the minimum age of the remains. Each of the forests may have lived much
longer than any one of its trees, longer in fact than a dozen trees, but we know
it must have lived as long as one. Besides, in this calculation no account is
taken of the long periods which elapsed between the destruction of one forest
and the birth of the next. That enormous mass of alluvial matter probably
took hundreds of thousands of years to accumulate. But, taking the minimum
named, it follows that fifty-seven thousand years ago men lived in North
America. What, then, must we think of the statement that man was first
made less than six thousand years ago?
But one need not go to America to find proofs of man's antiquity. They
exist here at home. Near the town of Torquay, in Devonshire, there is a
cavern called Kent s Cavern, in a limestone hill, which will probably satisfy
the most exacting inquirer. Kent's Cavern is simply a hole in the rock, with
a floor of dissolved limestone, commonly called stalagmite. In order that the
reader may appreciate the significance of the facts, it is necessary to explain
how this substance is formed. Pure water will not dissolve limestone, but a
slight admixture of the gas known as carbonic acid will enable it to do so.
This exists in the air and in plants. The rain, in falling, acquires a little carbonic acid from the atmosphere through which it descends, and a little more
from the plants on which it falls.   When it reaches the surface of the hill it
(To be continued.) •
(Continued from Page One.)
ln any case lt can ne taken for
grauted that our God-given (?) rulers
will follow out their own Interests, and
It behooveB the working class at this
critical juncture to ask themselves
some very serious questions regarding
their position.
The working classes of Great
Britain, France and Germany are
united in interests as the exploited
wage-slaves of these capitalist States.
Owning^ neither land nor property, condemned to toll for a mere pittance,
they are called upon to uphold the
quarrels of their masters and protect
their land and property by murdering
one another—when these musters are
assumed to be at war.
These orders must be disobeyed at
all costs.
Although Socialism has made great
headway within these capitalist States,
yet the ruling classes still hope that
by means of a lying press and pulpit
the war fever shall again seize upon
the masses of the people. Yet the
organized efforts of the working class
alone can prevent a European war.
Because this Is so, lt must not be
assumed that all the capitalist class
desire warfare. The average British
capitalist generally desires lhe "peaceful" exploitation of the working class.
But he ls in the position of a child to
whom Is handed a loaded revolver.
The armies and fleets of the European Powers are ln a high state of efficiency; thoy are commanded by men
whose trade ls murder and whose
hopes of promotion and martial glory
can never be realized in times of
peace. Also the most peaceful capitalist understands that international
capitalism requires blood-letting at
times to relieve the situation, and ln
many cases the conclusion of a war
brings renewed life to the world markets, glutted with the over-productions
of a lengthy peace.
Therefore the expressions and prayers for peace In press and pulpit must
not be taken very seriously. The Boer
War was prefaced with similar appeals
to the Almighty, who, however, proved
to be powerless against the machinations of the Rhodes and Chamberlain
Yet It ls foolish to believe that the
working class can prevent war except
by organized effort, and the time is
HERE AND NOW. to commence a
great campaign against militarism on
behalf of the working classes in Europe. Upon these efforts may depend
Ihe lives of millions of men and women
and children, and the progress and advancement of the human race.
Comrades and fellow-workers, your
help ls required In the flght. In times
of peace we suffer from laborious toil,
low wages, and unemployment, and the
thousand and one evils that capitalism
brings upon us, our wives and children.
In times of war we bear the shock of
battle, our wives are made widows and
our children orphans. Join hands with
us to wage war upon the masters of
Europe who have converted this unhappy Continent Into an armed camp,
and may, at any given moment, turn tt
Into a shamble. j
Down with the bloody pomp and
panoply of war!
Long live the International!
(In the Glasgow "Socialist.'')
would not lose anything through the
Mr. I .ondon was aided ln his work
In New York by a special agent of the
department of justice, and a report
was made by the agent to the department ut Washington more than a year
Sixty Thousand  White Slaves.
"White slavery is carried on ln New
York on a much larger scale than any
other place In the world," Bald Mr.
London. "There are 26,500 white slave
captives ln the city of New York,
against 37,600 tn all other parts of the
country. The slaves are protected by
the ward politicians.
"The reason there are so many
white slaves In New York ls because
of the glare and glitter and harrow
belief of the average New Yorker that
there Is no place outside of New York
"If the people at large knew the real
condition they would be horrified. The
trust has agents working in all the
Bweat shops. There It Is easy to pick
out the best looking girls, because of
the hard conditions under which the
girls work."
To the heathen or orthodox economist the social world Is a meaning
lrss scuffle In which the fiercest or
cutest come to the top and without
any other law to govern. To the So
ciallst every event falls Into Its proper
category and confirms his belief and
strengthens his hope and endeavor.
Hubert Blatchford's
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Associated Press Report.
New York, aJn. 31.—That girls are
sold at auction in New York by white
slave traffickers was charged today by
Samuel H. London, of El Paso.
Texas, who for seven years has been
studying the subject from Alaska to
the Panama Canal zone, and from the
Atlantic to the Pacific. He says these
women earn 157,000,000 a year for
their owners.
In the back room of a cafe In the
lower East Side Mr. London" says he
saw a crowd of men gathered around
an auctioneer, who conducted his sale
Just as he would an ordinary uuctlon
of horses. Certain houses were flrst
disposed of, and then the inmates were
auctioned. These auctions aro conducted late at night, and have been
continued for a period of more than
two years, he said.
"No girl In any class Is safe. You
have but to take notable disappearances like the Dorothy Arnold case.
Slaver's Code.
"I have a code of the white slavers
by which agents ln one city report the
escape of a white slave In another, v.
she rebels against her master she ls
forced to submit. I have known of
girls who have broken away from men
in this city and have gone Into another
city. The code was used for telegrams
Just as In every other business and
was flashed from city to city. Th«
headquarters for commercialized vice
have their agents on the lookout. And
the girl Is eventually found and terribly maltreated. It Is easier to escape
the police, than these vigilant agents."
Mr. I/union told how after his graduation from the New York University
law school he went to El PaBO. There,
after the earthquake ln San Francisco,
600 white slaves, under the order of
300 men, were forced on trains and
sent to El Paso so that their masters
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