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Western Clarion Nov 8, 1913

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Array Owned and controlled by «•
gociftlist  **rtJr
of Canada
Publithtd lathe
interest of tha
Working OsWs
jJuMMEB 732
| The Celebrated "Labor Leader" and Syndicalist Anal-
ysed from a Revolutionist Point of View.
Subscription Prlc*
By J. A. McDonald.
, i,8d often beard ol ths great Tom
His wonderful hypaotlc (eats
mi to ms, ss the* must have
■ars know,
wn tn all others waa have watched
I], "illustrious" csreer. Raising one
w sail one million aad dfty thou
Zt »■«"**•» lsl4 ftowa their tool*
[dl aii tbelr wrong* wsr* righted, and
.i,,ii tilting tb* ether haad, and *
■imllsr iiumb*r resusMd their work
" ,i,.r --reatly chaagad conditions
wonderful bands! It all SSems Ilk* •
"' from the "Arabian Nights."
something too raavvsUoas to be ac
(o-n-iiiHl.ed In this grossly commercial
Sat .rally. It was quit* s West to
i,-,i, ih. privllega of atttJag la oaa of
the fri.nt rows of a larg* ball and
,!,„.,; io this modern "OollaUb" of
mi".' .villaining ate asw craad of In
duitri-ii solidarity. Tata Msan te no
common mortal. Ba tl *ar*ly s rare
romiiinfttloa. Bea Tillett may appear
•sore ilramstle, Kter Hardie taore
mn-hiriy. snd Bill Haywood more
agf-n solve. Other labor leaders may
b* mure .loqueat. humorous, or mag
n.'s Hut Tost Is. ss I said, a rare
romi-instlon. He average* well. A
platform general, to watch bis antics
ib,:. -peaking oaa would almost
-bir.lv that he was trying to star In
tome popular drsata. His mimicry Is
srauO He clev*rty Iraitate* tb* English nawy, a teat as raost have
»r j.,.. - -1, for Tom bss aoo* of the
ittrihutes of th* navvy bhaaelf. Hla
well cared for. fOIttV B**rsoB, bis air
of ' •iiiidaBc*. aad ate wasad mou*
urii-. reveal th* fact laat he hss gone
tithout hi* maals ss oftea aa Well
mtii discovered ta* north pole, lie
uv i -r quotas aa aatbortty. Men of
Tom» stamp don't have to Tou
ou-t ni ways try to realise, while In
their prescaca, that sa sataortty it
-.;..•*. in tie H* dossal rater bis road
.-r- to any Uad af Utetatore.
them up with any other school or
philosophy. As Trldon in his latest
book. "The New Unionism" says
alien referring to the new movement
' It has nothing to do with any other
school, old or new, with Marxism, neo-
Marxlsm, or Bergsonlsm. Not only
have the unions nothing to do wltn
the various philosophers whom the
press Is wont to characterise as the
'prophet* of Syndicalism," but, In the
majority ot cases, the workers are
totally unfamiliar with the works of
these Intellectual worthies. Por the
direction followed by an economic
movement does not depend upon tb«
mental attitude of passive observers,
but on the activities of militants with
In the movement."
And so It la. Why should the
workers concern themselves with
such tiresome studies as social evolution, economics, or proletarian philosophy, when they have at hand such
mighty cbsmplona as Tom Mann, who
know tt all. and knowing, are only too
willing to lead the mob?
Oh I M*mb*r* of th* Proletariat!
You whom Marx and Engels had supposed to be fairly started on the Journey to -"mancipation -you have still a
mite or'two to travel! Tou still fall
far short of the education necessary
to unlock your chains of servitude,
snd refuse to accept the position of
blind followers tramping at the heels
nf blind leaders.
At s meeting held en Monday, Oct 27, at th* Vancouver headquarters of ths I.W.W., attended by r*pre**nt*tlv*s of political and
economic organizations, th* *b*v* Leagu* waa formed, and tentative plans discussed for th* Initiation of a systematic and amf-
getic agitation for th* r*t*ss* of th* miner* rsilrasdad to Jail In
Nanaimo laat w**k.   Th* L*ssu* wlll m**t again on Monday, Nov.
3rd, at the Longshoresmsn'* Union Halt, and all organization* In
sympathy with the purpoM of ths Lcssus ara -r*qiM*ted to **nd
delegate*   The question of "-"treading th* agitation all *v*r th*
Dominion will hay* to h* dlscutosd.     T!*a first of s ssrtes of
will b* haM In th*
on November Hh st S p.m.
By -Wsp.'
Th* Consequences of Militarism.
(I. S.) The Austrian anti-Socialist
press ls raising a great hue and cry
because of the ever Increasing immigration of young men liable for military service; aad this. In tbe face of
"great call" for more and more sol-
Jn""*! dlers. In tbe last year alone Austria
K^^^^te^Sirt!^ *-**»,*** am who should
fond of leading, as It Is much easier j *r* pwwnted themselves for service.
in r- main tn th* limelight by oon- \ Canada is said to have found a home
tltuilly talking.    Tom'* tecture* arej-or ggnga 0- theae.    That these are
?y«l*JthV2t£Lmtm w\mm%*hL'**** ,or ****** ,or «rer «°" w,thou,
it--!lingta«f***adtl^tewbtehthej      , returned   from
*.**.«*  lire.   twWag  ap   tcM£* 5JMd",* ,b*-time of the mobilisation
,••-■.,-is to bettor thas* condition*.
,-'":-.■■ out taa fstillty of tb* work
era   taking   sap   part   In   tegtetetlve
nil.-   shows bow llttl* hss been ac-
whieh took place aa t consequence of
i the Balkan war    A sharper look out
to   prevent   the   migration   of   those
.   . ... pledged to military service Is there-
ii; ii.hed by  worklag dm*  rears-   ^Vtnanded.   Thoughts of reducing'
**i.t.inea It• l»ritaa*-*nt both la tog-   he , ,„ ariny axpendlture of
nnd   Australia  (BS though  the    w     ..„on kronen   wtvlch -^ u**en
work, rs really had toprewntattve* In   ,,,       aur1      ^ ,„,  Uw yi)ant •„ i
either  body).    Ha (dossal   tt-eam  to      ,     ^   the ^^^ mim not be
etetoify tha L,LJ-. ss a labor party   pto4ttfA „ & -..proving the social
,^"1:, m*i5 £&? be,B2 t^."*t!!f"lor eco -anlc conditions, have never
•Biuilrsi of Mtsaajxit 8oe»»»»»« ***■; -.nt.re-j the heads of tbe authorities.
•li-,   then tbay mast be Socialists!! r^^. wouW they see the tend del
populate—for   tt    Is   generally   the
youngest and healthiest who emigrate
snd the economic condHlons deter- j
loriate. than budge from their feudal-,
Istlc principles one lota.
w^ No man or woman la of sny use tn j
ss as.ir-ss*' -^iS^A^rSw
way* haa the advantage over the one
who does neither
The rosd to Socialism t* not a royal
one. All who would travel It must do
thetr own thinking, and bard thinking
at that.
Ho» i-Rical! How pathetic! But
sfter alt tbelr maa* year* in parlla-
ment. instead of bettering the condition* that sairound the workers of
Kin:".;■!,.I. they have allowed these con-
■ii'   : - to boconj" steadily worse.
Hid Tern a*s*ei Abte te Analyx*
Canadians, or those who have become such by adoption/are considered, especially by the wage-slaves of
the older European countries, oa
account of the unequalled opportunities abounding in this land of magnificent distances, to be the most fortunate of the children ot men. This
Idea becomes stronger concerning the
wage-slave wbo pushes west and still
further west, until tbere Is none like
the fortunate Inhabitants of tba
farthest west province, and more especially the most westerly mainland
town. Vancouver. Here, in the great
Pacific metropolis, tbe Liverpool of
the west, opportunities for the wags-
slave to escape from the wage-earning
class into the owning class, arise Uke
mushrooms on a wet September night
Th<iM-. however, who do not. care to
be blinded by an exuberance of tteg-
waving, or who refuse to be hypnotized by the unwholesome verbosity
of clap-trap politicians, know full well
that here, as everywhere, the worker
ts compelled to sell his life force la
return for the equivalent of food,
clothing and shelter.
Among the wonderful opportunities
a Horded the wage-slave tn thi* glorious city of "ours," we must not overlook the fact tbat owing to the density
of the underbrush of the most wonderful park ln the British "hempire"
the easy manner ln which solid substances can escape detection for
days in the thick and evil smelling
waters of False Creek, or the wonder-
derful currents of Burrard inlet, many
unequalled opportunities are thaS
afforded the worn-out and weary wage
slave, who is tired of trying to lap
hold on the necessary, yet elusive, Job,
to find an easy egress from his want
and woe. These are things which our
labor-loving politicians do not care to
advertise, matters which the circumlocutory Elliott 8. Rowe of the Progress Club never mentions In his advertising addresses tn other parts of
the world, yet which sre becoming so
fre-quent tn a place with such "unequalled opportunities" that we who
form part of the class who have
worked and wanted, must take cognisance of them.
The daily press, a few daya ago,
gave an account of one poor victim of
eapttallam being pulled from the waters of False Creek, white the body ot
saother wa* found tn tbe thick bush,
ot Stanley Park, ln both cases there
could be wen the marks of attempted
respectability, both of these poor
young devils bavtag come here ln the
hope of dropping across the only thing
that counts wltb s wage-slave—
work. Weary and worn, without s*sy
piaap»ct of gaining access to tue bare
aeeetoitlet of life, wbich the wsge-
slsve only obtains at the best oi
times, these hum..i derelicts found
the easiest way out of their difficulties.
In their estimation.
We, however, who know the reason
tor these things, do not Intend to escape by any such method, knowing,
aerbapa, that If caught Ib tbe set we
should be hauled up before a capitalist Judge, snd made to serve time
in s capitalist Jail for an attempt to
destroy caplullst property. We Intend
to destroy capitalist property In sa
entirely different way. When sufficient of our cists see the need for s
change, then shall we, the members
of the working elsss, understanding
our position In modern society, and
our historic mission aa a claas. arise
and take that which we and our kind
hava produced.
Then, with real equality of opportunity, the sylvan glades of Stanley
Park will not need to be used for so
grim and dreadful a purpose sa covering from the public gate tbe exit of
a beaten sad worn-out wage-slave
from this vale of tears.
Taa capitalist class hss been engaged for years ln the buslnesa of
making the working class tired. And
we an getting good and tired.
Schools, colleges, newspaper*, snd
prrsicher*. etc, are the muffled claws
of capitalism. Army, navy, police are
taa unmuffled clawa.
Every worker under capitalism Is
serving a life sentence. Few are paroled.
Salmo, B. C. "Respectables" Show Their Sentiments
Towards the Strikers.
•ho toll teada to becom* ever won*
si-'l v-orsa. Bat labor leaders don't
»>••!>'. thsy simply prophesy.
m< *>' 1* a hard thing to get Into, even
In i'M-land. Tom knows this by «•«-
IX'tirnc*. Bat there are other meth-
od» of kr-sateg bsfora tb* public, and
"•'■ softest place la In tbe Industrial
Ifld H* descrlbs* witb great pride
th- tirilitaat victory won by the Kng-
II*--. dockara ta th* *trik« of a few
>' r« ago. Of bow by simply prac-
'-'in** so.idarity aad folding their
hands, all tbelr great demanda were
''"-'Illy granted. Tha master* even
11- aded with tbsa to go to work tben.
Thn who]* tr*n*r-nrt»tlon Industry j
* a» in tha baads of the strikers. Why |
")""' didn't tea* full po*see*ioa of thc ;
iii'n'iilnery af production when tbey
had such *B Opportunity Tom didn't
•''ll    Merely overlooked It. of course!
Even why tb*y didn't go -Wit 'agsln
In tbe two year* that have since
•■Inpsed to secure more Improvements.
•"' nev*r said. Likely they have all
•hoy requtr* BOW.
In hts fUraay attempt to prove that
tho struggts Is shifting from the
•■"lltlral to the Industrial Held he even
Mention*** th*  Nam** of  Marx and
N')l as autborttlea, of cours*. merely as
".rroborstora Theae two Socialists.
although avowed political actlontsts,
'"td stated somewhere, st some time,
Uiat as soon ss tbe workers began to
'"•Ranlta ta large numbers that gov*
"i-nments would die out Bo whst's
th" use la et pending energy to capture a dying thing?
Tom Doesn't Understand,
°f course, thst tbe proletariat by
'"king possession of tbe modern state
emancipate thsmsslv**, ths test sltv*
"lass, and the state, having no one to
hold In subjection, naturally diss *ut
»• BOOM.
Whits tbs present stale of Ignorance prevails la ths workers' ranks
ii-aders of tb* Mass type will always
be sorely needed. Tbey ar* a very
natural product ot existing conditions.
■■«t Just ss tbs wage-slave's knowledge Increases so mutt the popularity
"f that* would-be saviors continue to
dwindle. The Syndicalist movement,
-o which Maaa, as wsll as many other
leading lights la ths Isbor movement
belong, repudiates sny attempt to link
Propaganda Meeting
■Baa-Mags Bs. -tost
ta ui* isamssis st ta* *ar*tkter
r****** opeti
By Wilfrid Gribbte.
Her*'* to the m*a of Cumberland.
Here's to the women, too;
They've stood the test, they're
of the best
They're steadfast and they re
They've kept our flag a-flylng.
Steadily, stainless, bright*.
Ah! It's good to know that som*
can show
They know the ■•   y »o Sght.
Not tn election's fervor
Have th«vy shown their worth
lint, week by week, no yellow
streak *.    .
In a long, long fight they've
Provoked   and   badgered   and
harried, -
Stout heart and spirits bright
Has been ahown by each, and so
they teach
That   sows   know   know   to
Here's to the fighters' children,
The fighters yet to be;
And better tsr than their sires
ft|**3 '"-
Thay are learning young, you
When many ot ut have cloeed
our eyea
To  tlaop  through   the  long,
Being right well taught when
their parents fought.
Oh! they'll know how to fight.
A report of a city official as to the
damage committed by the police on
August 81 states that the police made
a baton charge on the Corporation
Dwellings at 6 P.m. when everything
was peaceful. Thay broke 160 panes
of glass and BO fanlights, broke in
doors and smashed 80 locks. Old and
young, women and children. Inside the
houses, were mercilessly boaton, one
woman In childbed with a baby seven
daya old being beaten *nd the baby
Injured. Brokeri glttt tell on nnother
beby In bed, and In leaving a police-
men threw a table on top of the infant
The working man who understands
his position in society and is able to
explain the fundamental cause of the
poverty and misery existing within
the caplullst system, meets with
great opposition among his follow
workers. For Instance, after explaining the wage-slave's position, one of
them comes back at you with thla
answer: "It's sll right, but see how
often the working class have been
sold. If I vote for a Socialist how am
I to know be won't do the same as
other party politicians'? I think the
Socialist Party is Just snother bunch
trying to graft on the workera**
To tbe intelligent wage worker
tbeae statement* are an admlsaton ot
Ignorance. Why? Because to state
that the workers sre sold by any persons other thsn themselves Is a mistake. Woalth ls not made by selling
the working elsss; lt is Just the reverse. It Is through purchasing their
lite-force, or Uietr power to labor,
applying I to the natural resources,
and, by the aid of tools or machluery.
enabling the worker to produce more
thsn his own keep, so that alter the
master haa paid the market price tor
their labor-power he haa a surplus of
wealth remaining.
The peculiarity with human energy
as a commodity la that it produces
greater values than Itself. This being
the ease, the only way to .acquire
wealth Is by owning the tools or ma
chlnery of production and buying
"free born" wage workers, or ln other
words giving them a Job. Tha vslu*
of th* human energy a* a commodity
Is determined In the same manner as
any other commodity, by the amount
of socially necessary labor time It
takes to produce It. The cost ot production'of labor-power It whst might
be termed the point ot attraction
around which wages fluctuate. If the
supply ot labor be great then wages
wlll be low, but wages cannot atty
below the cost of production, or the
slave would go out of existence. Nor
can wages stay above this centre ot
attraction on account of the enormous
supply of labor-power.   .     .
So now we aee that the development of labor-saving machinery
throwing more slaves on the market,
thereby caualng greater competition
for Jobs, gees to prove that the Socialists are right when they state that
as th© worker's ability to produce be-
cornea greater hts portion ot tbe product becomes less—ss long as cant
taltam tests. This ls not because development ts bad; It ts because tbe
-workers don't know how to adapt
themselves. Thsy produce th* wealth
of all tho world and th*lr wag** only
enabl** th*m to buy back a vary email
portion of what they produce, leaving
We ail know the capitalist class are
a small portion of human society.
They are the owaers ot the means ot
Ufe because ths majority of the
workers recognise tbem as such. The
proof te to be found in tbe action of
tbe workers ln a strike. They never
yet showed any signs of disputing the
master's right to own tbe tools ot production. It haa simply been a demand for something lost through thetr
wages not keeping pace with the rise
In prices, and at election time they
demonstrate thetr love for their maatera by handing over tbat weapon
known as the state (which te tn reality the public power ot coercion, snd
need every time the workera don't do
Just exactly aa their maatera say).
Por proof ot thla. look back at the
various strikes tn Britain, where the
soldiers were turned out to protect
property ot the owners affected by the
strike; also in West Virginia. In
1 1., when our bold militia of Van*
**' .3" TJ. S. A., or Vancouver Island,
couver went "Into active service for
the first time." according to state
menta of one of tbelr superior officers
(who, after giving those half clad
barbarians a lecture on the defence
of home and country, had a speedy
call out ot town).
Worker* of th* world, wgke up!
and realise that thla ayttem of exploitation goes on *o long as you sanction It. Realize your ridiculous position. Tou produce the wealth ot the
world, and the quicker you, do tt the
sooner you are thrown out of a Job,
and a Job is the key to your existence
witbln this system. When you have
filled op the warehouses and stores
with the necessaries and luxuries of
life there you will find the greatest
poverty and misery. It Is tn the
large wealthy cities ot the Industrial
world where we hear of large strikes,
unemployed parades, aoup kitchens,
tuberculosis Investigations, sad million or billion dollar trusts.
And th* Trouble Um Bight With th*
Working Class.
They have accompllahed everything
tn the production ot wealth, hut the
very tact ot them recognising snother
elsss as owner* ot that wealth keeps
tbelr notes to the grindstone. What
ths workers wsnt to do 1* to read
literature written from a working*
claas point of view; Read the Uterature recommended by the Socialist
Party ot Canada, and tubacribe to the
Western Clarion. Get a good grasp ot
economics, and quit reading about
adventures ln treasure islands, or any
suck slop as Ih written by our so-
called novelists and mental contor-
Uoaiste. Ths wsalth of ths world Is
s  treasure  which th*  worksrs csn
'All men sre born tr** snd equal.''
They may be "bora'' tree sad equal,
but it- doesn't last more tbaa one
minute afterward*.
All men are equal before tbs law."
They may be "before," but tha usual
question when a lawsuit ls pending Is
net: "Do you think thst soand-so bas
his case Just?" Oh no! "Who's be
got for s lawyer?" te tbe more frequent query.
The miners working at the "Queen,"
Salmo, B. C, waat 'on strike because
the manager, B. N. Buckley, refused
to pay the aame wage scste ss the
other mines in the vicinity were
C. 8. lfcCormick, a member ot
Ymir union, acted ss picket so tbat
he might tell sny man who was going
out in the direction of the Queen tbat
tbere raa-a strike on. This action
did not suit some of the business
element of Salmo. A cttisens' association waa formed.
Thla "Noble Army of Martyre,"
with th* pack Instincts of the lion's
providers, surrounded McCormlck,
threw him on tbe ground, tben escorted blm out of town, threatening
dire resulU should he dare to return
to Salmo—of which -village be bss
been a resident for several years.
Wbat aa awful holler tbere would
have been had a crowd of strikers
treated a traitor to his elsss ss these
-respectable* (!) did McConalck!
(Nanalmo, Ladysmlth and Cumberland papers please note.)
Scare headlines would havs been
prominently displayed in the pre** of
both the U. 8. and Canada The
militia (those deluded tools of the
master clasa) or special plug-uglies,
would have been rushed to the scene
of action. The mushy-mouthed sympathizers (?) of the working class,
both tn and out ot the pulpit, would
have preached about law and order-
nothing ot thia Und took place.
A charge of intimidating with violence was laid on the 18th of July
against the following motley crew of
So-called Law-abiding* Beapectabl*
M*mb*r* of Society.
Advertising pays, is the slogan of
the little business man and the pea
nut politician. Agreed. (N.B—This is
Ball, George D, merchant.
Crawley, Saml. P., road foreman
Cleghorn, Fred M*. teamster for
Fair, G. G*. employee Kootenay
Shingle Co.
F**n*y, John, farmer.
Grutchftetd, Wm, farmer.
Kcnnlngton, fteorg* Arthur, J. P.,
blacksmith. *
Matthew*. Gua, rancher.
Llndow, Carl, postmaster snd storekeeper.
Hearn, Jam** W., rancher.
Salisbury, Wm. B. (J. P.), Uvery-
Wsyergang, Fred, "X" quantity.
"D. D." stands for Doctor of
.Divinity, likewise Dirty Doaen. There
are no Doctors of Divinity among
those catalogued.
Qua Matthew* was fined SI snd
costs hy the two J. P.'s, SL Denis and
Wesson at Nelson on July 21st. To
prevent the possibility of the rest
being let down so eaay, and because
It was teit tbat SL Denis and Watson
were not unbiased, sn appeal waa
made and argument presented to
Chief Justice Murphy st Victoria, who
dented the writ ot prohibition aaked
for by Archie Johnson, counsel for the
defence, snd granted a change ot
Wbaa the preliminary hearing waa
had before A. B. Watts. J. P.. of
Watteburg, sad A. Carney, J- P., of
Kaslo, these two gentlemen decided
that prima facie evidence had been
esUblisbed Justifying the appearance
before the Supreme Court to make
answer, and bound them over In sureties of $600 each.
The c*ae came up before Justice
W. A. Maedonald who. in hla charge to
the Jury, Informed them that a person
could not be twice placed ln Jeopardy
before the courts on the same charge,
and If It believed the evidence of the
two J. P.'s, Denis and Waason, tt must
reach the conclusion that the defendants bad been autre fols acquit.
Or Pr*vl*u*ly Acquitted.
The Jury concurred and brought In
a verdict accordingly. Not being a
lawyer, must accept this as correct,
but from a commonaense standpoint
lt looks odd.
An Analyaia sf th* Evld*nc*.
McCormlck I* committing neither
an overt act nor a covert act; he Is
set upon by a gang of ruffians, driven
out of team, and threatened tt be
comes back to his home. These are
plain, simple facte.
That the working clasa are rapidly
becoming disgusted with the interpretation ot the law la not to be wondered at. The tact that McCormlck
had been assaulted, the tact that he
had-been Intimidated, the fact that he
was threatened with additional violence, should he come hack to his
home, ls not denied—and yet these
arbitrary allies of the master class
sre allowed to wriggle out ot the
dilemma because tn order to aid tn
the administration of a semblance of
even-handed Justice a change ot venue
wss ssked.
Although In legal parteaca th*y
were "autre fols acquit" (Le» previously acquitted) ln a plain, ordinary,
common-sense view of things they did
commit a breach that by a legal quibble haa been condoned.
Such Instances of thla character
must strike the layman thst Bumble's
characterisation of the law was mot
entirely erroneous.
Legal Etssticity is Often a**atch*d
to tbe breaking strain when tbe interests of the master class ar* either
directly or indirectly Involved, but
how differently it is whea tba shoe is
on the other foot, snd workingmen
sre haled before the Judiciary.
Tbe accusation is often burled at
the labor press that it "foments class
hatred." This is cuttle fishy. "By
thetr acts shall ye know thera." The
ordinary mortal, tree from taa Chloroform of court in-ocedure. notes that
when it la a question to ba decided
affecting th* Interest* ef th* Two
Claaa** the worker and hi* master-
generally the former get* it "tat the
neck," aad he then resches hla own
conclsBteas without any outetd* suggestion.
lasteacw Uke this ought to he potent lessons to the working dssl that
they muat co-operate .politically aa
well aa industrially If they expect to
control the machinery ot state for
their own protection.
"Let ns talk about why we *•**» produce nothing are rich, while thoae who
produce everything are poor,*' aaid
the Gentleman.
"It Isn't true," said the Stetteticten.
"Nor asw," said the Historian.
"Nor pleasant." said tha Lady.
"Nor parmanent,"' said tba Benevo-
"Nor profitable," said tba Clergyman.
"Nor nothing." said the Politician.
"It may foster disr-ontenV ssid the
President, "and alienate—ahata—support from our institution. Let us discuss a subject agreeable to us all—
eh?—The Drink Evil Amongst the
Lower Classes."" — The (Scotland)
Border Counties Young Liberal.
By The Rip-Saw Poet
Tune:   "Take It To The Lord In
Are you poor, forlorn and huagry?
Are there lots of things yoa lack?
Is your life made up ot mls'ry?
Duma the masters off your back!
Are your clothes all patched and tat-
Are you living ln a shack?
Would you have your troubtes scattered?
Dump the masters off your back!
Are you almost split asunder?
Loaded like a long-eared Jack?
Boob, why don't you buck Uke thunder?
Dump the masters off your hack!
All the agonies you suffer.
You can end with one good whack—
Stiffen up, you orn'ry duffer—
Dump the masters off your back!
Socialism has reached that stage
where It can only be injured by ita
Thirty-nine Miners
At Nanaimo, B. C Oct. tt
J. J. Taylor
Paul Deconieh
Sam. Guthrie
John Morgan
Wm. Simpson, Jr.
a large aurplua to be consumed by the
owner* of that ourplua wealth, who hsv* for ths tsklng.
are the capitalist eiasa
(Or in default four months)
John Allsopp, Jr.
J. H. Armstrong
Chat. Ax*l*on
Wm. Bauld
Geo. Bomb****
Sam Brigntman
Jas. Collay
Robert Cossar
Peter Galuaka
H. H. Langdon
Duncan McKcnxl*
John McKanzi*
Jos. Malra, Jr.
Jaa. Mar*h»ll
Chas.  Mortimsr
Steve Mm*
Steve  Puyanlch
Geo. Portray
Wm. Stackhoua*
Martin Slojar
Jas. Wallace
Robert Walklnahaw
Chat. Yoga
Let us all seek truth as It none ot
ua had possession ot it. The opinions
which to this day have governed the
earth, produced by chance, disseminated In obscurity, admitted without
discussion, credited from a leve ot
novelty and Imitation, have In a manner clandestinely usurped their em
(Or in default two months)
Henry Dyer
John Fisher
Ernest Jam**
Alvar  Kotilla
Richard Morgan, tr.
Wm. Patterson
Wm. Sterling
John Scott
Henry Taylor
Richard Whlsk*r
Edward William*
Bom* fanati- a may still contend
that political power la a myth, aad
government but a shadow, hut workers whose brains have not beea para-
lyged hy en.!Vs.** repetition ot shibboleth* wtll r.-alise that tt Is political
power ln tin- hands ot the capitalist
class that lias functioned, and will
continue to function In like manner
until the workers selte and use it for
their own purposes.
im i inaatoi
4 ■HP
aoctel ayaenas who exist oaly by
tereaca of tha bkntw
of prey, and  who** delight rt to to
-  howl and yap In aateoa with the **»«i-
.. .i£*m£l i lowings   of   the    larger   earalvorat
tt tea       ■••uckays.   floakay*   aad    HckBaitttea
have   the   tatter   type   been   down
through the aces, but It te aaora thaa
•i.*« par rear: to casus far sis month*. J "*teahtrnt K nar previoa* aoctety ha*
tf c-t*u for ttrao ajaafh*. ' orotteced aaeh a coateapdhte type aa
la t a stasis r*aaajr-riB»i**>* «:.** to' capitalists      a i hi bits      fa
Btrndlea  of  i  or  swore copies,   for •
period ot riot tot* taaa three months, st
Ik* rata ot 2 cant* par (rosy per issue.
A-Jvertlslng rata* am appiK*t'»"
If yoo  recalv*  thia  paper.  It  I*  paid
far. ________      	
to tr.sklns reo-ltl—ce by cbaqu*, ta-
efaaasc am* I a* a-toajt Address all coro-
Bianlcatlon* and mafc* *1I mooer orders
aayaai* t*
7*»*» Watch toe toast ae j-our paper. If
im*** thin number te oa it roar aub-
aerlpti-ir. cxpirta with taa aasat iasue.
Happenings oa Vancouver laland
in tbe Interior af B. C, wben
placed la Joxtt-posWon, should form
sa Illuminating sad testructive study
or thoae member* of Um working claa*
(sow, fortunately, aat so aumerous a*
formerly, due to tha maltiplication of
similar examples) who hsve been ln
the habit of aufpthig pm "gospel
truth" the aatorttoaa of capitaliam's
prostituted press aad human mouthpieces ss to tb* purity of purpose and
Impartiality of Law, as made and administered. The falsity of the claim
and It* hypocrisy tt so apparent tn tbe
Instances referred to that no more
than the barest taaattea I* now allowed  to  appear  ba  tha  capitalist
small-fry baslaan frets-ratty. (Lot
thoae whoa th* cap ate, wear It). Th*
•fag-ends of surplus value faB to their
•hare te dtepeaateg to tha raTodoctrve
slaves of capital the portion that has
*v*r been the lot of slaves, the necessary modicum of commodities that
are conraraad In th* procaas of repro-
dacteg the (tnergy **--***-*a-attd tn mill,
mine sad factory.   When tbe slaves
throw down thetr tools aad refuae to' stand the socialist philosophy wonld
return to work until some of the moat ' be welcomed hy tha rank sad ate.
obtecttonable -roadtttona of their aer ■    Youra la revolt,
vitnde are eliminated, -these cringing.j T. BAXDBK9.
fawning huckatere of  wares,   Beaton -
logic faB them.   Their oaly avaUsW*
subtattotea are BsiavwpneeatoUca aad
Ctonrade— I am aeetdsa; throagb the I altoaa. .
*aa*_asa of Tha Cterioa csUlghteameati Tow testsan Boctsllsts sre charged
on a point which has been pusxiing with deatriag to tak* the property
sa* atore thaa a little, aad tiwsMsr j from th* natton aad dirM* it ap
lng aayaatf the srerag* asa I mast among tha people. The author woald
atoo coo*J_er that many others are te J apotogta* for aay retereac* to thi*
«t* aaste positioa aad naadteg kn*wl-1 stonrdity stortaltst* (toaaad th* col-
edse- I "areas yoa woi toerefore tend itecttre awaerehto. th* dtessesrically
yoursel .*** to a Bttte dtecaiwtoB oa opposite of aay sort of partition of the
the question wbleh. avtefly ataud. t* concern*. Last a* look a atomcat at
thia. "Bow do yoa reccacite th* atate- j xoaa* tecto.
Th* eotire real aad pareoaal property of taa Uatted States te valued at
a hundred atlllloa doBsre. The annual prodact of the Batten's tabor is
rated at aearty forty Wiltons That
t-o-ottltntes capitalism Capitalism
divides aa we hare seen. The exploit
ere fsttea oa tha division, but tbe producers don't It is this division that
Socialism wm stop, aad that to wherein It speaks death to capitalism.
Soclsitete will divide tLat product
the producer* of it and on the
of eoual Jasttee there will be
notbteg tor th* exploiter.
ment that aB
at their vain* oa the averager" wtth
to* tort that the average Americaj*
worker each day pi-educes csmuoodi-
ttes which aeB for ten -totters whilst
only recatvtag two doBsre ia retarn."*
I asa aare that facte *t»telntng thi*
contradiction  from  rasa  who under-
sale* diminishing and lean Income dte-  THE   LABORER. HIB  COMMOOITY
appearing,  foam  at  the  month   Uke AND HIS PRODUCT
casta**   stricken   wtth   hydrepbobte. 	
and care* and revile where they pre-!    Our cm-respondent's difficulty  will
vioualy crewted.   Lying la a manner! he removed by sn tmderetending of
•nwatowS C *2S ^ **""
tween the rebellious slaves sad their; -to-Bunodity—hto labor-powsr—and the
exploiters,  they circalato reports of j exarctee of the tabor-**ow«r, which te
dissension tn tbe ranks of the Btrikers i isbor.
which are seised aad scattered broad- j
eaat by the capitalist press Is the ef- >
All comraodltie* etrhanga, on the
ts not a coaacq-ocnc* of
I phlloaopklc dream*, aay more thaa la
i a certain type of plant or animal. It
j is a prodact of evolution te economic
fort    of    creating    mutual    dlatrast»^•W*^.°" *** *~* «*>» amemt
Nor are the obtest lessons confined
to this oat-post of "Oar Glorious Empire." The real nature and effect of
th* much landed "Impartial adminls-
tretitm of the law under the protect-
teg folds of the Union lack" (to quote
a stock phrase) sre also being demonstrated with unconcealed vigor and
Brutality tn tbe heart of the Empire,
where ail disputed Interpretations of
the law are finally settled.
There, members of the ruling class
sre perambulating tha country advo-
catiag armed restetaaee to tbe government in the event of the passage
of the Home Bute BUI, and arming
sad training th(*ratands of their work-
lag claas dupes with that end in view
—and no law to Invoked to prevent
thsm. On the other haad, tbe transport workers of Dahlia (a working
ctoas organisation from top to bottom) go on strike to sain better terms,
snd tbe police forces of tbe government attack and mercilessly beat up
men, women aad children of the working class attending aa absolutely
peaceful and orderly meeting of the
•Hikers—with fatal results.
Oa Vancouver Istoad tbe miners appeal to the government to compel the
mine-owners to observe the laws en-
scted to protect life sad limb ln that
dangerous Industry, aad tbelr appeals
are ignored. Tbey strike, and their
places are filled, aa tar aa possible,
with Orientals (a direct violation of
the law) and armed thugs are employed by the mine-owners to Intimidate
the strikers engaged ta the lawful:
process of peaceful picketing, aad to
provoke them Into overt reprisals by
lasalUng their woraaa. When tha re-
snltlng resentment take* tangible
form, and the miners take steps to
remove the dtooTdsriy element from
-their mldat (a "duty** ignored by tbe
government police) tha majesty of the
tsar ls Invoked—not against the capi-
•tsltot* who had provoked the outbreak
by their defiance of the law, but
against the Btrikers, whose every effort until tben bad besa to keep with-
la the law.
The Salmo incident, where a number of business mea heroically beat up
a single peaceful picket, and escaped
scot free, Is another caae ln point
With these, sad aeaberless other
multiplying Instance*, lt it easy for
the Socisltet to Uteatrete the truth
of the materialist conception of tato-
* tory, which lays down the axiom thst
tbe Institutions of say society divided
| tato classes reflect the -Mess and conserve ths Interests of the dominant
class In sucb soctety. If these day*
thai -topltallste .form the dominant"
ctaas, snd the Institution of the law-
making power, with Hs Interpreting
sad enforcing departmaote, ws* crested sad is malntelBsrl la the Interest
sad for the deteaca of that class
Thto being ths oaas, who can say,
that, la tbs Incldaate referred to
above, tba tew has aat been perform-
las Ita proper fuBCtioa, Le.: protecting
tha Interest* of ths capitalist claw,
wbich Is tha domiaant clasa, a*
against tbe Interests of the workers,
who form tbs subtest class.
Tb* governments, la straining or
ignoring ths law la Banish the revolt-
lag slaves of (topltal. have done their
duty as ths (Haeatfta committee of
" tha master class, to whom alone they
owe allegiance. Tha hW baa performed ita proper fraction-, snd If It hsd
been exardssd la a manner that
woald protect tha slavas against their
Blasters, those re**-poa*tbto would have
been traitors to-their salt. If it continues to foaetion properly as vigor*
coaly la Uwjteture as lathe past the
workers will rtpidly rsatite tb* necessity of astete* tha political power,
Wbich will (BBSbte titev to formulsto
thstr own laatl-WtloBS, aad administer
their owa tsaiTSlttrir of law. Thst In-
volv** tha 4taaaa*a»aoc* of warrinr*
ctesses, guiteSliUBts sad governed.
and th* tto-dMstten of a society based
■pon co-opa-ratlsB' Bocisllsm.
,   mi 'i'..»'iY'|i»*.iii   i."
TH* *»(hWNOKRe
"l*aw sad Oaaaft''* With what unc-
tion doss th* Vh-%m fail from the lips
Of Hs dSTOteas- ■OBW***efts*to labor skin*
a-atj frstereity. when It * to be invoked
them. In order that thetr
crumbs of surplus value aaall con*
tinue to faB from the table of the
larger capitalists, sll their efforts are
directed to the end of driving the
workers back to thetr slavery. If unsuccessful, desperation drives tbem to
prodigies of valor, as portrayed la thc
account of happeainga ta another col-
True to the ■nattocta of thetr
scavenger ancestry, thay will master
up courage to boat ia packs In search
of Isolated members of tba rebellious
slavea, and with boot and bteckjack
proceed to constaee ban of tha error
of his WSJ 8.
If. soc-assful, tbey once more assume th*. rote of huckatere, disss mh-
ling .with smile sad smith tha hate
tbat to born of fear.
Let tbe workers learn th* lesson as
rapidly aa poaalble, that the middle
class, as a class, te their most Inveterate foe, at d tha meat (tengeroo*. because most cowardly, section of the
master claaa Vet them lenwmber
their daeda in tbeae Industrial Btruggle* for bread wben their political
mouthpieces come seeking votes for
the "party of progress,'' whether they
masquerade under the title of Uberal.
I-abor. Liberal-Labor, or percbanca,
Institutions-   It ia a child ot nccaaalty.
labor-time   {n. \ not   of   speculative   philosophy.     It
bodied or' crystoilteed la tha arocees > ***** **** ** * ***** ot ndaptatioB
of their prodocUon   Thto tr^ctede* the of lnaa**jtel Btothcds to "tealrm^ *a
 . aa. m—m —. *    _ -    *   i    I ■   ■ i    sai   a ■ S 1*      taw      Baa-SkO      I    is*    ■ a is       SBV la Laa*
Some two sad a half years ago tbe
authorities of Victoria, B. C, woke
up (they do, occasionally) to the fact
that Socialist propaganda was being
vigorously carried on, snd bad heen
for the previous half-doten years, at
a corner In the city -where, mnny
steves were wont to congregate on a
Saturday night snd absorb tbe pernicious teachings. Tbe privilege enjoyed by the Salvation Army of having
tbe first Innings on the corner served
the useful purpose of ssaembltng thc
slaves to listen to the gospel of heaven here snd now, sad the proper function of tbe army of the Lord wss thus
diverted, perverted, and subverted
from the preaching of contentment
humility and patience to these slaves,
to tbat of acting as a booster for the
meeting to follow,- st which tbey
were exhorted to look into the reaaon*
for the existence of such organisation*
ss tbe aforesaid Army, to think for
themselves, discard the trappings of
slavery, snd fight like mea for an ex
commodity tabor-power, th* pbyakal
and mental energy of tha worker. The
(socially nercsssty labor that te required for tbe production of that energy te -msbodted ta taa quantity of
the requisite coauBodlttea that must
be coaanatod by ths laborer la order
tbat ha may contiaao to be the subject of exploitation by the capttaltet—
enough food, clothing, shelter, working
class "luxuries" snd amusataents sa
may be catted for by tha arevatent
standard of living in any coamanity
The sum total of thess nsrnsssij con-
gelationa of value coUectlvaiy form
the value of the labor-power, aad expressed la money, form tha laborer'*
wagea. So, in selling ate life-force
for what tt cost to produce It the
laborer receives Its fall vslue sa s
commodity which is subject to the
same eeonomic laws that govsra th*
exchange of all othara. Where doe*
ths exploitation come ia?
For parposes of illustration wa will
assume usai the average wsge ta -Canada te 12.00 per dsy. sad tbe avenge
amount of wealth produced per haad
of producer* employed Is «10.00 par
The waga of fSOO psr day would
then represent thst quaatity of commodities that ths average laborer
needed to extol aad function ss a
laborer. Tbe $10.00 Includes ths $100
wages, sad tha average working day
to 10 hours. By working for the cspltallst two boors the laborer would
have created for the former a value
equivalent to the nm he would receive ta wages for that dsy, sad if
the proessa stopped there, the traas-
action between htm sad bis employer
would be fair snd equttebte. Bat the
working day to ten hours, snd for
the additional eight hours ho works
the laborer receive* no equivalent, fa
any shape or form.
The value of the prodact of the
day'a work te $10.00, asd tha laborer
gets out of it only the value of tbe
coaaodtttoB he bss consumed to produce tba human energy he baa expended, represented by $2. Thai ia
his wage, the value of his tenor-power,
expressed ia monetary terms. The
vslue of ths day's tehar te rspresaated
hy th* vain* of the whole prodoctr-
Tbe capitalist bss bought and the
laborer baa aold. the commodity labor-
vironmcat tt te that toward which
tha whole prereoa of asaaiyteg the
BMds of the bufltan ence to irreatetibty
dri-ftteg. It ta aot a ansBBB tavantteB;
it to an historical sSacssaty. It to sot
aa ideal to be worked ont ta ■ome
Isolated or armteoteted colony. * It to
a i'**.**■ of tedustry sa world-wide aa
capitalism ttsalt   It ls not cc
Socialist Patty Directory
*£5szrr-tx> ot •*-*2«i'**ln*'£,u ya
Kridar. * a**-. »« »•• *tmin ox * **.
Bmrrouab. t******^' -*T*=Wssi*w**^-
"^SSSw.    tSlSRto    mmt\m]mta    rmHt
ZJrZtmAa. oirel* aaipa to *m*L...-■-
''fSTallaX  Parxy  ot laaada.   rmeeXa •*••
^"7c* loWcoSm7?lc..-i fl****
<m ora-anlsation saatte-ra. A-*4reas, }*■
McMiAaiv » «**■»-<*" K°- **• ***>
Moose Jaw, Saak.	
Comaaittaa:    Notie*:-Tbto eare »J *«
-wrted   for   the ^syomr    ot J^xt
"TOl"    Inle-raateS . fe    to*   •»*>««'••'
»«r,tor. ut tba Petty; J" "J** ***
AtmXteua ot btcomlBg • **r**"^f>- *
wish to get any lafavaaatloa. •ri^u»*
8 cr*tar?. R- C. ¥*«JUh«*ai.. Ko*f* *.
«* Main St. VYI**aip*r. ,	
Uoa a MonU-aairP. <*• *** **cf*,i*x*
SSrtog ln*o-iri*l*.-n un <"**»>***"'*
mattara. ar Utjraturs. aaauld *ril* «*»
tha abova **ela*Ures*-. and wiii rseaiv*
ptunt: »!'«**>tloa _______
. .   Socialist   Party
of Canada. m«*ta *v*ry *-*«>i>jl «»d
fourth Sundays In th* Oaf*. »**,»*,n
otbc* ol tba Party, (*o»-ftsfri*l Sll***!.
aiac-a Bay. N H. I»an Carhran*. Sa*--
raXxry. Boa Itt. Ola*-s Bay. **. A	
BBoaawBOTf fBtratsi-
rvtary. V- rtoalt. IM Moors St. St.
"obi. X B. For party tltaraiurs aavd
Informatl-n* re orxaautaUo* mallan*.
•tc. writ* tn at.-*--* «4dr-*i*».	
Hall.   i. tt.
Height*.  RO.
■•cretary, q^
ot C
day ov'
•****- ■>
i       i     im m,   aa»„   _fj    .   g-*»
Buslaaas mee,u,K ,^,,\*-t.
■atea ai I a-«Jo<:k it xl.*?1*"
ZTtU   »iiBth   Ave    wieV**k
tarrtuty. Box Ul.       ttl   H
„     . .quarters. *•■-. T-jl}' * ■
Buatnaaa a*a«Uasa .v-.,x t,;,,,,'?' »t
&>&/•■ 'fl
aa .
■  Hror^
intra' Hall
aanita mratings at a p~nV",7"n''r"**:
and IblrS Swnday. af the m< ,,'V'.1 :
Cotamaa.   Alto.     Visitors  ,,fn; H'rxJ>.
iBfo-nnatlor. any day at u "i./***■♦• i
irmatiot. any day at Mln*..■ u V
*V*i*} *l??3**l?*'*B» ****** BO u
a P. of C, Masts svary dunaas 7:
Stop.*- to Mlnara* Hall ,w!?,''
W. Shaw. tl« Itto St N. wTiSf^'
Orgaalaer. ",°*-
•**•*»•**. ao.*w
» movUa-rs .LrV
XX    *'    ,-<"m    •**■
umit-lM   w»lr*.-*to,     S*-r.Uiv,lrt!|F
or c
Waanaaday  at   t
Laugblln'a   bouaa.
Cumraasa  wel.
HnalL Bos lit
*****> ■•■'.ll.lt
ratainig aixl s*-<.nomii  ci,_
Harrtaaa. IM Mast* St   o,,,.,,,,***
anarchy. Bnrisllsa may *volve teto
rnmmsBtea. bat wholly that ta s mat-
tor for the people of a aodattat world
to determine. It te bo coacern of oars.
KvataOoaary arowes aove by
steps, sad daspHa th* theory of sudden rhsagss ia Bf* as advanced by tbe
mutetiontets. we sre aot eipecte*i or: x-oeax-
B 9. Ot
meetings In tha Mia«nr
Cnloe H*H ***ry Sun*tev at T.M
Bualness mae-fln* third Sunday la *-**
month. T.I» p.m. liMmamlc rt*as *v*
ery Sunday afiavaooo at *:**. w. I*.
PMUipa. fsacratary   ** — *"
•ruatlhad fat
to Jump the fence. Thaa says s
critic: **Baeteitete are aet coastetent
Yonr (toopstati-re ooauBoowcalth must
come a step at a time, the ownership
of water, strcat-tsfhtteg. ownership of
ranroad*. teiaBhaaas sad so on to the
end." Working-men. gat down Bad do
•ome bard thinking on thaa* Baa*.
Tha sooner yoa cat tha revolution teto
your   aoddle   the  sooner   wfll
, no. as, a a.**«,
tn MH**rs" Hall *vary Suaaav at
7.** p-in. E. CwaiAfll. O^***
WIU Jones, »i««reury._fi*« lit. ~ia-
nlsh branch masts I* nal*a*f*ra* Hall
Sundays at 7.t* ft* A. "
retary.  Boa  SI.   Ha—toad.
•t-aoax wa a a»nfM. MA-nros*,
a. P. of C. ' Headauari.r*. Ub5
Templa Bastasas nseetir,-. ,,,,.,■ <r*
and  lib Tharedjay la  tha month «t |
n-ry Sua.
Brsaai. gaeretory."Yjt" k-tmo"".'', si
—mm    .,*.     . *.**■ •*.,->-,    in    \i„   nn,
a.m.   Pn-saaaaada aMatings *.
day   at  I   a*W   Market   iv, ,
a C.
th* day'a work havs also hasa bought
at their value, aad yet a surplus accrues to ths capitalist Wby? Because the labor-power ass tbs faculty
possessed by ao other commodity under th* son—that of creating a value
greater than waa embodied Ib it* own
production. All tha otbar commodities bnt reader up to th* captteiist
by wear aad tear, the value that te
crystallized ia them.    That value 1*
ImJmnZ 'worvhvrf human ha»e»:1*Z i *** *** *** ****•   *" *** ***** ***
STww^Sa^n^^ tney* -"«•*• u«d u, ta the prnatoto of
would have to move down Into the deserted wholesale district snd talk to
tbe moon snd stars, leaving the Salvation Army to throw the terrors of a
future hell into the stoves undisturbed.
The resulting difference of opinion between tbe authorities snd tbe Social-
tots a* to the ability of the former to
make thto glaring discrimination stick
wss settled (for the time being) by s
brutal display of the final argument,
force. Mounted and unmounted bodies
of "Victoria's finest" proceeded to cut
up the Soclsitete snd tbelr stfdlence
into small pieces, driving them Into
stores, riding ov*r the sidewalks,
crushing women and children sgalnst
the buildings, and generally behaving
according to the best traditions of the
service. One of tbe most conspicuous
In this work, hy ths evident zest with
wbich he performed hto congenial
teak, was one Sydney J. Beckman, of
the mounted contingent, whose utterly
fearless heroism in braving ths daa*
gers to be expected from sn unarmed
and peaceful assembly of tbe moat
peaceful class ln society, ought to go
down In history with "The Deeds that
Won the Brnplr-**-."
A recent pre.is from Victoria shows
bow It is possible for tbs mighty to
fall. Tbls same Indrvldual bss Just
been sentenced by tbe very power by
which he wss employed on tbe occasion referred to to one month's imprisonment fbr obtaining money under false pretence*, snd—-whisper it
not in Oath—cried and blubbered like
a bsby in sn attempt to gain the
clemency of tbe court.
Of such stuff are heroes msde!
First K was David Goldstein, then
8. O. BhuKtoff of Lewlstoe snd easily
John B. Potts, wbo posed ss would-be
Socialist kilters. After the two earlier
species of capitalist human tools disappeared from public ob*ervatlon
without accaetiag th* flowery chance
to a debate oa BfisTtellam. up come*
tbte fterce snd mighty John B. Potts,
orgaaiser Brotherhood of Carpenters
He bangs and raps Socialism right
aad left st a workingmen's maaa SM*t-
tng in Portland. Pour days later the
Socialist* of Portland challenged him
to n debate. Tbe challenge was aeat
to Mr. Potto snd published In the
Portland dalltea. Soon it waa dtacov-
ered, however, that Mr. Potto bad departed for foreign toads.
Comrade V. Hystt of St John advised that Mr. Fotte was busy ia hla
city, as he had heen la PorUaad.
•nrganixtag worktagmen. Ckaand*
Hyatt had clipped the challenge of
local Portlsnd from a Portland papar
and confronted Mr. Potto at a Soclaltot meeting with it. He waa asked for
sa explanation and given the floor In
s debate which proved the shining
hour for Socteltete la St Joan.
Mr. Potts, who puts up aa argument
Bgatast Socialism that any 10-year-old
boy would be ashamed of, was beaten
to s frazile by the comrade* of St.
Joba, sad heller* me, the Socteltete
of r rttotaj sto saxioos to get bit
goat An*t Joba he offered tbe ex-
ease that he bad stayed la Portland
merely transferred to the commodl- twelve weeks sad that ths Socialist*.
None knew better than Bebel that
revolt snd rebellion ara sot social
revolution, nay, that they may easily
be, snd often are, mere wsvea of reaction simulating sn advance. The
revolution for which Oerman Social
Democrat* ars preparing to a complete economic and ethical sad soctol
transformation from competition to
co-ope-rsitoa, from domination to
equality, from sfavsryto fi-ew-dom But
this, Inan-rtete as* greatest triumph
over himself aid Ms *urrouading*
thst rasa ***'-*** seatevsd, csn only be
accompllsheu hy n thorough and general and acientiile comprehension of
th* causes which havs brought society to the stag* which It has
reached, ss well ss of the laevttsbillty
of ths great chang* thst trained Socteltete al-we eaa handle to the ad*
vsatsgs af alt.—Loadoa Justice.
ties produced, without say excess or
surplus. Tbs laborer not only renders
up the equivalent of the vslue of hi*
labor-power ia the Bret two hours, bnt
continue* to surrender sn *quaJ
amount for every two hours ba works,
for the captteiist bss bought hi* services for tbe whole day. He Is aot
said for hto Isbor. Oaly tbe fail equiv*
aleat of the wssKh produced by him
would pay for "that Ho is paid for
his tabor-power, ate ability,to work,
which be hss to sell se a commodity
on account of tbe ownership of th*
atosas by which he must agist being
veated, la another, 'it to thl* sort of
exchange betwesa capital sad Isbor
upaa whieb capttaltet* production, or
the wags system. Is foaadad, sad
which mute eoastaatly result la re*
producing the workingman aa a work-
lagmsa aad the capitalist ss s capitalist" (Value, Pris* aad Profit
In nothing is tne waahaea* of defease of capitalism mora vividly portrayed thaa itt the diatribes of adverse critics of Soctollsm. A common
characteristic ot, the essays of that*
critics is to set up a straw man, label
it "Soetsltem," aad tbea proceed to
demolish it. All tbs diabolisms of the
present system sre ths regular attributes of this spparitlon; snd If these
are sot sufflcteat for tbe purpose ta
hsad, then sll (hs personal weak-
Besses or shoi-comings, real or apparent, «f aa Individual who somewhere or •ornetlm* advocated Uoctol-
Ism, communism or anarchism, ars
conjured ap as the regular snd orthodox teachings sad practices of sll who
oppose the established order. Matlonal
platform* and offlctel declaration*
thst bave received ths formal ssaetloa
of the entire party and ths standard
and up-to-date SBthorltteu everywhere
are passed by as matters of ab mo-
meat. Somebody, somswhsrs, sometime, said ao-end-so, aad that settle*
the whole matter beyond dispute for
tbe entire rare of Socialists sod for
there bad waited to challenge Mm
aatil he .had toft town. But the people of Portlsnd are oa to bis gsme,
sad evidently he -realises that it take*
brains to know Soctollsm, for it wss
not until after twelve week* of hard
study thst be ftoally decided to rely
upon hto atoretHip knowledge of Socialism ss s free love sad dividing
up mov*_eet.
A maa* meeting of the carpenters
and Joiner* was arranged sad the
bombardment took pise*. Many of
the audience left the hall le disgust
a long time before Mr. Potts bad en*
Ished bia wild aim at Socialism;
others stack H oat to ass what kind
of cspltallst vartoty this sp-setas of
humanity belonged to.
The asxt morning whea ho cams
oat of his dreams aomethlag happened
•without much delay. Mr. Potts taft
seeking other Said* of narrow minded-
aeat. Hs tended wsy up In St. John.
But to his surprts* he found thst thc
werklBgmen tbere were prepared to
give say asa of hts csBbra a wsrra
Portlsnd Soclsitete stead ready sa
ever st say time to receive Mr. Potts
and give blm a good time. Hs has
hasa offered sll kinds of Inducement*
to com* to Portland. His home Is st
Bosllndste, a little way* outside of
Boston, aad his travelling expenses
could easily be covered by ssle of
tickets or s collection. But Mr. Potts
aa* not heen beard -from up to thlt
date. It seems thst he hss tsken to
the woods Ithe Dsvld Goldstein sad
Bhurtleff.—The Issue, Portlsnd, Ms/
Bd. Clarion: Please flnd herewith
$1 for renewal of Clarion sub. for one
Attended comic opera at K. of C.
HaB hare test Monday evening.
Donslly starring. Quite laughable
Cheap at the prlc* of free admission.
One of the faithful when spoken to
saont It the next morning did not
kaow whether Donslly wss for or
against Socialism, aad ha was st the
meeting too; how is thst for human
tatenigeace.   Tours,
 „ _   _ a c, «•..*, a a. ai
C balds propat-awJe •_**}**&****?
Sunday afternoon at M* to Cr*t**a a
Hail. A he-arty Invitation la *il*i.<I-
ed to all was* »l*v*« wlthl* re-*-**** of
as la attend our asealtna* B-»t*-sa*
mea-tlns* xr* bald tbe Sr*l and third
Sun-lav* of each meath at 1*-t* ass.
la lb* asm* a*U. Party orgaaJaer*
tabs notii-a.    T. W. Browa. Secretary.
Ba*ls*s* Btaetiaa* lb* «r-t x-,,,\.y t,
month to lb* I*at*«r Hall, tit Bask
Stra-at al I asa. Brcretar- a. K.r,*-,.
aotm, Mt .Leaf"
A. O. M-*C**llara.
Wm.   M«*t:*ll*tm
Ave.    Orraajs-s,
Racodllns «*, r.urr
_-.. — -aBLay.wi
t* SsaeUva at aocialUt iua meat l-rtola aad Print-* ah    ■ St..
at t '«    Baalnasa m*-i'r-   u-ir.*-.
aaya. t a**-   Baeretary, I'i.  rauilisaa.
P. O. BSS IM, BUUun B    MomrraL
io-9ax.vicvosua.as. a, b p. ot c7
headqusrter*.   aad   rvadina   room   Hi j     Hsrofd O,
Tstas   St      l»u>-t--.*-»»    rnacttss   every j^_j
Tu»-*dsy. s p as.    *r*ropa«ariiia meat la*
Sundav. I am., Emprsas Thaetre.    J.
C. Turner, aecretary.	
l. or ttaa
eaaq-jartars la Hukaj-in hli.
commeiTlal St Opsr. e.*r*r rvralti
r.unlness  and   l^i*pe_rar<l«   -,•..,-■•» ,i
haadquaeft-rs svary Thur*.!». al | - -e
. Sa-rraisr-    u - .>,-i
aoeax. aoa-ns *fB»t> OBoaiaa. a o,
So. Si. nwata evary Irlday alght •*
t ocl-x-li in Public Library room John
Mclnnls, Bacratary; Andrew Allan, Organiser.
ajsjL -a a. tt''
C Business raeeUoe cviry **co«d Stta-I
day in tb* month, from I p.m- to l«-t*l
pm.   In  Soelaliat   Hall,   on-M-slt*   I'" ;
^xonomlc  classes evary T***d*y and
Friday.  T   p.m.     Prope-gaoda  mtatla*
avsry Hundsy. J p.m. In Socialist Hall
Thos Csrnsy. Financial hoe.; B Walh-
ar. Correap. Sac. 	
B. c. bo. as. a a or
C—-Meats avary Tusaday at :ti*t
to tbe Sandon Miners' Cnlon tl-si
Commwnlratlons to be aAdr..-..-: Prtv-
sr at.. Baaeoa. B. C	
aC'a-."'af C BtaBtl
every Prei
V-.la.i--.  8.
«y at I r> m In Mln rs" Kail
C    I. A. Austin, f-ti-rretarr
LOCAI. VABOOUVaa Be. X, B P. *t o.
Rtr»ln«*x me*ttnr every Tua*s4ay event** at Heailauarlera. 211 Hast Insist   East     II   Rahim, f*«*r*>tary.
Neat llttl* volume of virile    <  -
96*. Spe-ciat    price
•*-"-*•        for quantltie*.
r Bate at to* ***aa**os- ones
v«acotrvna unrrxsra t-oeai, »*. ta;
ft P. of C.—Business nwetln* sveri, j
second Sunday of lb* month and pro- j
pajranda mestlns every fourth Hundsy
Oo*n to everybody at Room HI. Labor .
Temple,  at   2   p.m.    S-*cr*tary,  H.   W. j
foot..   Boa 1 (it	
irooaz. vaaoovtiB, a. "c, a« *t.
Finnish.     Meat*    *very    second   and
fourth   Wednesdays  hi   tha  moath  at
tilt Pender »l_ Boat   Ovla l.lad. S*c
., aLcCBa.
tt.   B  P.   C.     Msets  flrst   aad   third
Sundays of  each   month   In  florlslist
A World Itview af Socialism
By tb* best wrttora I* Furopt nnd
America wlU bs found In THE
NKW RKVIKW which deals I- ss
authotiistlve way with all c ■. -■■
of Modal I »m—aot for asttsituo.
but education Publish-I o;- -. '■■
II.SS per year; Canadian subscrtp-
lloaa SI.!*. Bsad 10c for s ssm-
pi* eapy.
Socialist Party of Canada
W«. th* Soclaltot Party of Canada, to eoavaatiea sssembled. afflni
eur allegiance to and support of tl* principle* aad programme uf '•<*
revolattoaary worktag etos*.
Labor produces sll wealth, sad to tb* producers R Bhould Mm *
Tb* praaeat economic system Is baaed upon caplultot ownership •*>'
tb* mean* of production. consequMtly sll the product* of labor l>el«ny
to tbe capitalist claas. Th* capltell*! te tber-rfore master, lhe worket
a Slavs.
So long aa th* capitalist rla** -remains in poas***ton of th<* reins
of government all th* sowsr* of th* State will be used to protert and
defead their property rights In thc mean* of wealth prod net ion and
th*tr control of th* prodact or labor.
Ths caplullst ayatom give* to th* capitalist an eversweiiln*
■traam of profits, sad to the worker ao *verincreasing m<>asure of
ratesry sad dsgradatloa.
Th* Interest of th* working etas* lies Sn tbe direction of settio**
lte*lf free from caplullst •xploitotioo by tha alwlltioa of the "*•«•
system, under which te cloaked tbe robbery of the working class at th*
point of production. -To accomplish this necessitatss tb* transforms
tloa of capitalist pro-party la th* mean* of weslth production Into ml
lectlv* or working (to** property.
Tb* Irrepressible conflict of Interest b*tw*en th* capltsllst ami
tb* worker to rapidly cu.tnltutlng la s straggto for possession ot the
reins of government—th* cspltallst to bold, tha worker to •«• ure n
by pottticsl sctlos.   Thto Is the claa* *traggl*.
Therafore, ws call upon sll workera to organtt* under the banm-r
or the Soclaltot Psrty of Canada, with ths object of conquering il-e
public powers for ths purpose of totting ap sad *bforcing th* *oonomir
programme of th* working elsss, sa follows:
1. Ths transformation, ss rapidly ss posslbls, of cspitallst p**"i-
erty In the meaas of wsalth productioa (natural raaourc**. factories,
mills, railroad*, etc) lato th* collective property or the working class
1 The democratic organisation sad massg*m*at of Industry by
th* workara.
S. Tbe Mtebllsbment. ss speedily as possible, of production for
um Instead of productioa for profit.
Ths Socialist Psrty when lo offlc* shall always snd sverywhrri-
until the present system Is abolished, make the answer to this quo*
tion Its guiding rule of conduct: Will thl* legislation sdvsnre th'"
Interests of the working class and aid the worker* In their class strut:
ate sgslnst capitalismT If It will, th* Soclsltst Psrty Is for It, " "
will aot, the Socialist Party It absolutely opposed to It
Ib accordance with thto principle the Soclsllst Psrty pledges it***'11
to coaduet all the public affaire placed la Its hand* In sucb s mmim-r
a* to promote th* interaste of ths working class aloes.
To Localt, H75 psr 100
(By J. OobbsII, author
of ''Tb* Bad Flag")
r. B. Osborne) SATUBUAT-..
..NOVntBSR 8,
T>' •*. •>***.."pI'*e V°*t*d
*aa\7fc&nmmm\\£ '-al,  and
, IIS -tote St. V*i.«wv*r. **£mf?*,nl6'"'***n* to J. H. Burrough.
B. C.
Vancouver, Oct 17, 1818.
,.„„•. .wid at Sll Mala Si, at 8 p.m.
Present: Bald, Sldaway, Prttchstd,
lut)im and secretary.   Btdaway ia th*
cbMlm«ies of |ia***fiouB lasetiag adopted as read. 	
(,„,.spondence -from Locals Lang
i,v No. 73, Cratrford Bay No. 71 (1),
plrnii* No. 17. Victoria No I (I), Cumberland No. 19, VaBCOSVSr No. 45. R.
Walker, Cumb*rlsad; J. B. Osborne,
Victoria; 3. PUalBfltoo, Itodarby; J.
y Johnson, 8*c. Looal Haderby No.
*5 W. H. r*rgusoa, Riond«#, and
Paul Andersoa, Websters Corner*
Routine.    Filed.
SriT.-tary reported Com. Walker In
town, and In visa* of ths tact that
ti,.- money for his fata from th* Pass
and lioundsry locals had not arrived,
aski-ii for a warrant for 140 for same,
to Im- reptecod sa the contributions
■ ai,,.- in from tha loeala. Aay «scet*
r,/vi..-a could be farwsrdsd to Com.
7,'a.ker for etpena* sad wags sccount.
Warrant ordered drawa.
Financial Bssert
I.,., ,.i    langley    Ito.    78,    due
•tstni**    .—i  41 JO
Local  Cumberland   No.   70,  due
stamp*    .—   6.00
To organiser Walker
office rent   ~_.
Vaacouvor, Oct. 17, 1*13.
Convened as shove. 8ldaway Ib tbe
Minute* of previoas BMStiag adopt
ed as read.
<'<>rr-**poedeace from Locals St.
("Hilii-rines No. 80. Laagtey No. 78, Retina No. a. Bed Dear No. 11, Moose
Jaw No. 1, Bask. Usee. Committee, w.
CHbtiie, Toronto; Wm. Bearte. Bask.;
O. Hammertoe. Saak.; T. Mellalieu,
Kt William; Wm. Lewis, Calgary;'W.
II Moore, Nsnaiato; Moses Barits,
<£i Calgary; 8. f. Newa Co.; 0 M.
cllrien. Coismsa (•); H. C. Beaant.
lied Deer, sad r. Hyatt. Bt. John. N.
(I-ocal Moose Jaw endorse* th*
r< '.i r. ndum 10 to 0; Bad Deer vote*
sf-alnst It 0 to 11, aad Local Langley
also by 4 to t).   riled.
Tbe proposition of appointing Com.
r Hyatt aa Provincial Secretary for
tbe Province of Now Bruaawick having been •sdortod by Local St John
No t. ths appointment waa made, aad
sec retary laatracted to forward the
nerr-saary suppltes.
Scrretary was laetructed to inform
Com. Alex. Patefaon, of Winnipeg*
that having received endorsement* of
the i-ropoaal asbraltted by blm to attend tba net*. International Congress
at Vienna as repnesntetive of tbe
S'-i iaiist Party ot Canada, tbe Executive appofated him ss fraternal dele-
tur to report hla impressions of the
i nn ..-.lings cf the Congrces for the
information of the party membership
-financial R*p9rt
Harton receipts  - $29.00
narion road „  sojo
narion. No. 781, ptg. A mailing. 888.85
H*odg*rs    ,     9.00
s«c'y. wage*  „ 10.00
Sundries     1.00
B. c.
Vancouver, Oct 84, 1918.
Convened at 610 Mate St at 8 p.m.
INreaaat: Bidaway. Rahim. Reld,
I'riti-hard aad secretary. Pritchard In
the chair. "
Minutes ot previous meeting adopt-
nd at read.
Correspondence from Locals Nak-
»*\i No. 74. Nalaoa No. 4. Enderby No.
W, Victoria No. 8 (8), Itevetotok* No.
-. J. W. Bennett, Pboaals; M. J. B.
Harp**, Hardy Bay; T. Simpson, Vic
lurla; Paul Anderson. W*b*t*r* Corners; Pred Atkinson and A QUI, Rlon-
dsl.    Routine.    PU*d.
Financial Beport
'-ocal   Kaderby   No.   85,   du*
stomps   .. 8 2.90
■ocal Nakusp No. 74. Org. Pd.
(for Com. Walker's *xp*n***..--10.00
Jas. Cuthborteon. du**     100
Urant to Org- CssBldy 810.00
Sundries -■•  '-•**
Vancouver, Oct 84, 1818.
Convsasd ss above, Pritchard In tbe
Minutes of previous meeting sdopted aa read.
Correspondence from Locals Ottawa No. g. South Fort Oeorge No. 61,
St. Catherines No. 80, Reglna No. 6.
canmore No. 68, Winnipeg No. 1, Cumberland No. 70, a H. Lake. Stewart,
B. C; H. Martin, Beriln. Ont; Geo.
Rotttter, Toronto; J. D. Houtton, Edmonton; Ales. Paterson, Winnipeg;
C O. Johnson. Carml, B. C; A. R.
Pearson, RedcUffe. Alta; A. A. Cronk,
Oowllng Lake, Alta.; W. Qrlbble, Orr-
vlll*. Oat.; Jss. Cuthberteon, Oreenwood, B. C; sad Moses BariU. Pernie, B. C. (Locals South Ft George,
Cumbertead aad Winnipeg endorse
tbe referendum. Ia ths minutes ot
tbe meeting of the Bseouttv* on the
nth Inst, inadvertently omitted from
"je teat Issue, are acknowledgements
of ths action taken br 1-ocsla Moose
Jsw No. 1, Rsd Deer No. 18 and Lang-
lay, B. C. No. 78, tbe first local endorsing, sad the f»o latter rejecting
Ah. correspondence filed.
A resolution hrom Looal Beriln, Ont.
Sf th! *o nP) cme***1** the action
«, 1 1 a C «ove"»-ne**t on Vancouver Island, was also ordered Died
«i-„...*******/* tne lo*--*» Political
titustlon ensued, and the -financial re-
port waa called for,
Financial Report
re, _. Bssslpts
Clarion receipts  tua-w.
Clarion fund  ills
Literature  sales   """"   5^5
Editing No. 788 $10.00
In~m?SPn ***** °°' typewriter 10.00
b. t. Klngleay, on ace \\Jbt)
P. O. sumps    i.oo
Office rent   j 50
Local Van. No. l, literature.'."'.^'..   5.60
Ne. 738
tub list although many of the unions
are taking bundles.
Com. O'Brien (through whom the
welcome donstlon to th* party -funds
arrived) state* that he is contemplating a tour, organising and spMking,
wl' t?rt!u«h to the Atlantic, aad
back, staying a while with hto family
m Ontario. Locals along the line of
route who wish hit services should
communicate at once wltb him *t
Box 58, Coleman, Alta.
Com. Qrlbble Is now at his home on
Parry Sound (OrrvUle), where be intends staying* for a month or so. to
order that hla father may get some
•urreaae from toll. Propaganda articles from hit pen wlll soon be appearing In The Clarion.
Red Deer comrades recently bad s
visit from the Indefatigable O'Brien,
and got a tall account ot bis speech
n the local press, thus reaching sn
audience many times larger thsn that
gathered In the hall. This is a method that can be copied with advantage
where It Is possible to get access to
the columns of the press of our mas-
B. C. revolutionists sre warned to
clean their guns and keep their powder dry.   Tbere   Is a  dandy   scrap
Subscriptions    174.50
Bundles           2 90
Directory    le.oo
Ads.    1,00
Orant from Mslntensnce Pd    8.86
Editing  $10.00
Printing and mailing S8.85
on hand, Oct. 18 ...8 47.45
British Columbia
1». Langley No. 73. Aas't .81-20
Lo. Enderby No. 65. Aas't.   .50
C. G. Johnson _  7.50
H. lake (per)  4.00
R. Pearson
.. UM
—     8.00
W. B, Bird „ I .15
Gunder Hovels  1.60
W. B. Downing  100.00
A Prtend 50
Lo. SL Catherines No. 30.11.00
lx». Ottawa No. 8...- 1.15
H. Martin  70
Lo. Winnipeg No. 1, Ast't 81.50
Grant to Pub. Ace.
Bal. on Hand, Oct. 87 8165.60
Bal. on Hand. Oct. 13 3 3.66
Ixical Nakusp No. 74 (for Org.
Walker's etpenses)  10.00
Bal. on Hand, Oct 86 813.65
tubs Rsselvsd
(A premium ef $1.00 worth of Soelaliat booka to given fer *v*ry $10
worth of Buba ssnt in.   No tlm* limit)
A. Nicholson, Riondel, B. C.....20
Fred Atkinson, Riondel, B. C... 8
M. Barits, Psasburg, Alta. 7
J. Pllklngton, Enderby, B. C... 4
3. E. McGregor, Crawford Bay 3
W. Davenport, Brantford 2
V. Stouter, Cttar _.. 8   0
The locals who have sent lo their
vote on the Referendum are as follows:
Enderby No. 66, B. C.
Cumberland No. 70, B. C.
South Port Oeorge No. 61, B. C.
Langley No. 73, B. C.
Vancouver No. 1. B. C.
Nakusp No. 74, B. C.
Fernle No. 17, B. C.
Victoria, No. 3, B. C.
Winnipeg No. 1. Man.
Red Deer No. 11, Alta.
Delbourne No. 40, Alta.
Edmonton No. 13, Alta.
St  Catherines No. 30, Ont.
Moose Jaw No. 1, Sask.
St. John No. 1. N. B.
All locals have received the call to
vote on this matter, and many yet
have not replied. Local secretaries
who have not already done so sbould
bring tbe matter to the attention ot
their locals at once, and send In the
returns immediately.
Up to date the vote stands 95 syes
and 16 noes.
T. B. Moore, City t  0
W. G. Dexter, Shelburne 2   0
E. R. Atkinson, Saskatoon 2   0
H. Adle, Calgary 1   8
C. M. O'Brien. Delburne, Alt. 1   1
H. C. Besant, Red Deer. 1   1
Local Victoria No. J - 1   0
D. Thomaon, St. Catherines... 0   2
W. B. Bird. Reglna  0  8
M. L., Toronto 0   1
12 moa—W. L*wto, A. W. Harrod,
Paul Anderson. Thos. 8. Henry, J. A.
8. Smith, Geo. A Mitchell, T. Connor,
W. M. McGrew, J. Cutlibertoon. E.
Simpson, Hugh Dixon, J. Rolls, W. K.
Bryce, Henry Hoet W. Gribble.
$ mea-—Geo. Grazier, P. A. Johnston, H. Radbord.
3 mon--J. Watson.
The P. O. cannot deliver the paper
to the following names for the rea-
tons stated:
W. Haw, Box 60, City—no such box.
Thos. Wight. Amyox, B. C—unclaimed. Herschel Kaye, Rosedale, Alta.-—
removed. W. P. Scott, 304 Walter
Scott Bldg., Moose Jaw—removed. 8.
N. Coatee, 22 Omtnecs, Moose Jaw-
removed, not celled for. A. R. Anderson. 1637 11th Ave, City—removed.
Ninety-four new subs thto week and
nearly all yearlies. That is a Bttle
better, snd lf that average Is kept up
there will be no kick coming while
this panic Isste, bnt w* shall need
more than this every week when
spring arrives, for remember we are
oaly publishing every two weeks, and
we muat have the weekly back before
the Dominion elections sre called, lt
will be a dandy scrap this time, with
the probability of a LaborvLlbera|»
Democratic -natty ln the field to entice the workers from the support ot
the only working class psrty In the
country. We must get as many new
readers, scattered over as targe an
area, aa possible.
At the Ume of writing Com. Walker
Is In the Boundary country, and Com.
W. L. Phillips, Box 604, Pernie. is
arranging sll th* datea Locals and
organ laat Ions wishing hit services aa
ao exponent ot working class philosophy who have not already done *o
should communicate at once wtth
Com. Phillip* for a date. Com. Walker •poke In Vancouver on his way
up, and earned the emphatic commendation of the local reds tor the way
In which he handled hla subject He
Is no orator, pratoe God; be simply
talka like a worker to workers on *ub-
jects of vital concern to hit class In
a way thst holds his sndlence without
the sld of sny fireworks or appeals to
superficial enthusiasts. He ts a typical product of the S.P.C.
The Provincial Executive advanced
840 to Com. Walker for his Initial expenses, which was calculated to make
hts way smooth as far as Nelson, snd
Intimated to the locals tbat reimbursement would be appreciated, as the
money waa needed for the production
of thl* number of the Clarion. As
matter* have turned out the revenue
alnce the last Issue has been sufficient
to meet the bill, but the money wlll
■till be scceptsbto for general organising expenses, but It Is not desired nor expected thst the locals
shall strain themselves to send It In.
A glance at tbe Clarion Maintenance
Pund account ta thto Issue will expiate the lack of Insistence upon thl*
point Still, the running expenses of
tbe Executive sre hrnvgr. and some
large bills sre still unpstd which tt
would be a relief to gat out ot the
way. Bo, If It can be done without
crippling local activity, plea** send
tn the money. Any excess received
over snd above the smount advanced
to Com. Walker wilt be forwarded to
him, to assist In paying hto expenses
and wsgea
News has bem received by the Do*
minion Executive from s source that
(a considered rellsble that the Dominion election wlll come off next spring.
80 get ready, aad the best thing you
can do la preparation tor the fray is
to get ss many slaves as possible to
read this paper between now and
then, so thst they wlll be fit to utilise the ballot Intelligently In their
own Intereata when voting time comes
The activity of the comrades tn
Riondel, B C. Is mainly responsible
for the fact that there ls no deficit
on the paper this week. Three of
them hsve tent ln a total of 39 yearly
tubs in the laat few weeks. This Is
a quarts-mining camp, and lf the others In that district catch the Infection
there will be something doing in organisation tn the Boundary and Pass
districts this winter. At present it
tt the only quarta-mlnlng camp In B.
C. that hat anything like a decent
October 19th, 1918.
Ed. Clarion—1 am anxioua to obtain
some information as to the whereabouts of a comrade by the name of
James Munro. This comrade laat
wrote to me from Victoria, B. C,
about February last He also wrote
to his parents in Scotland about the
same date, and in both letters signified his Intention of going to the Island to take up land. He has not been
heard from alnce. and his sister bas
written to me for Information concerning him.
During last summer (1912) he
worked as helper for some stonemasons In Vancouver. Later he went
to the construction camps on the Island, but finding conditions there intolerable he returned to Victoria. He
attended the Socialist meetings every
Sunday while In both cities, but
whether he joined the local or not I
am unable to say. However, he was
an out-and-out red when he last wrote
to roc, so I concluded to request you
to endeavor to locate him through the
medium of The Clarion.
Age—about 27 years.
Weight—about 155 pounds.
Height—about 5 ft. 8 In.
Any expense Incurred wtll be gladly borne by the writer.
Yours ln the scrap.
Se-tft. 30th.
Comrades—8ince my brief visit to
Montana, 1 have assisted the Alberts
comrades with eight indoor and about
thirty open-air meetings. I also addressed tour open-air meetings at Big-
gar, Sask., while visiting my sisters.
I did not keep account of the collections; suffice to aay there ia not a
surplus. Comrade Adle gave me five
dollars to renew his subscription to
the Western Clarion, and to use the
balance in sending the Clarion tb any
who I thought wanted It and could not
afford to pay; Comrade McKennie
gave me one dollar, and some comrade
tn Edmonton, who had to leave before the meeting was over, gave Com-
-ade Jas. A. Stuart Smith one dollar
to give to me.
Considering that monep ls tight
the sales of literature bave been very
good. Next report wtll contain more
details, as It will be on the form for
thst purpose. All the organisers snd
speakers should make use of the
forms, ao as to give detailed and accurate reports.
~ mm *"*"*   _
Com. Walker held a successful
meeting here on Tuesday, October 21.
Wo had an attendance of about 40 all
told, producer* all of them—with the
exception ot a real estate ahark or
Com. Walker came freab from the
strike tone, «nd reviewed some of the
happenings tn that profit-ridden burg
where the licensed butchers, sometimes called soldiers, are operating on
the brains of the striking miners with
batons and bayonets, and cleared
some ot the cobwebs from the brains
of those who got all their Information from the capitalist press.
Good seed wss sown by Comrade
Walker, which ls sure to sprout when
the class lines are drawn more clearly
by economic conditions. The class-
consciousness of the capitalist clasa
and the Ignorance of the working
class waa clearly pointed out, and it
offended a few submissive slaves, who
left the hall and made tracks-for their
bunks, so aa to get more real and
store more energy for work in the
morning. No doubt It waa more
soothing to their tired brains.
Comrade Walker gave an Interesting talk on economics and held the
crowds attention. Tbe working class
haa been taught to hug the chain*
which bound them tn slavery. Th*
mission of the Socialist Party ot Canada ls to educate the workers ss to
their position In modern society.
When we come to understand each
other we will break the chains which
now bind us, but not before we educate ourselves will we ever accomplish anything, for knowledge la power. Mr. Working Stilt! Read the
Weatern Clarion and the literature
iMibltohed by the Socialist Party ot
Canada, and study what you read.
Your knowledge la preferable to your
vote any time. It the Soclaltot Party
ciime Into office tomorrow without the
Intelligence of the workers behind lt,
It could do nothing, for the worker*
would not know what it waa they
We don't ask any oae tor hit vote.
We ask every alave to do hto own
The United States Bureau of Labor
reports s big rise In the cost of living
within the past ten yean as follows:
Per cent
Bacon   ~    128-8
Steak     102,5
Hams      76.8
Corn meal  —     57.8
Butter      48.8
MBk      48.3
Lard  „      60.6
Eggs       40.8
Plour       86.0
This would seem to Indicate greatly
Increased prosperity of the farmera,
but In these ten years the number of
tenant farmera hss greatly Increased
and the number of farm owners decreased. People are still going to the
cities from the rural district because
the opportunity ot owning farms ls
fast passing away. There la no place
to emigrate; no new worlds to conquer, and Socialism Is our only hope.
—•Party Builder.
Think for yourtelves lest you be
come a alave of other men's thoughts,
and flnd yourself Intellectually home-
teat as soon ss your teacher* snd
leaders happen to change thstr opinions.—Ex.
8cene, Brandon, Man.—Pree Born
Cttlten opening drain on Pulchers
estate—"Yes, we had a fine time open-
In' parlyment Old Teddy was a fine
Socialist—Opening parliament! Why
don't you open a bank account? Oh!
Oh! Say, boya, here ls a slave who
once opened parliament, and now he
la oponlng a drain. (To the P. B. C.)
What were you doing?
P. B. O—Oh, I waa helping to keep
the crowd back. You know. I waa in
the Guards.
Soc.—And so you were a soldier,
and tn the Guards! Gee! that la s
fine regiment! Can you remember
how well they fought st Tonypandy,
Belfast and PeatherstoneT Why, they
won each engagement!
P. B. C. (throwing out his cheat)--
Yea the Guarda have got a good
-record, and i am proud to have be
longed to them.
Soc.—Yea, you bet! Tbey sre quite
a dignified regiment, are the Guards.
8ay! Did you bear or know about
that protest they sent tn during the
Boer war?
P. B. C—No.  What was it?
Soc.—Why, the Guards protested to
the British government becauae the
Boers had got rifles. They said they
were not used to that kind of warfare.
P. B. C. (tumbling)—Oh. you are
trying to make a fool of me. lt I waa
you 1 would be ashamed. A big fellow like <you should be In the army.
Soo.—Oh, yes!   I tried to Join once,
but father put hts hand on my bead
and said. "Geordle, my son. be a nun,
not a soldier."
I    (The Pree Born Cltlten collapsed)
(Coatiansd from last Issue.)
The devetopmeat ot the workmg-dat* view-point will, io itself, withia s
very few yean make war impouibie between the great nations ol the wwla. sad
thut we bave arrived alraotl st thst period whea the power of the intellect it net
only the great factor in conquering the forces of nature, but alto in tbe brmsug
about of their uttUzsticf for the benefit of alt mankind, without the necewity af
blood-shed or social catastrophe.
Political power it that power arising from the control of the lawlsvlm,
executive, judicial sad military forces of the State.
We bave already shown bow the wteUcctusl development of tbe proletariat wat made aot only possible, bat mxestary. by tbe capitalist mode of
prodtKlion. Following ia the wake of the iotelleciual developawat of th*
proletariat aad the general diaSatioo of |aetcnt-day knowledge came tbe
exteation of tbe franchise to tbe proletariat ia the whole world of •">p**'liiTn
The developmeal of the forces of csattebtt production bat prepared a
material coodUioo for the social ownership and democratic nt-aaa-piy-a* of all
the meant of wealtb productioa, and tbe intellectual developac** resulting
therefrom bat prepared a way. ~..»-igh lbs ballot box. for tbe peatafal traas-
formaoon of capitalist property into collective wealth at a result et the wide-
tpread effect of the development of the Socialist view-point sad tbe social
That tocial concept which placet ths collective well*-bcmg above every
other interest, tosjetber witb tbe cvcr-_M»esimf vote of the Socialist Party, hat
already bad itt effect oa lepjds'ttOB by capitalist gwernmentt. Ia Germany,
France, aad nearly every other country ia Europe, the governments hasa made
msny foryrarinnt to tbe working cuts, aot oaly in the ever larger aad lai jer
increase of the suffrage, bat ia tbe economic condition* alto. Ths recent
It-gttlative action ia England, at well as ia tome of the American States, oa
the subject of the ratshhthmcnl of legal minimum wage snd isiiimiim hours,
while voluntary, involves Uemendous conMttstait on the psrt of lbs capitalist
Not that any Jmrnr-diste ecooornic advantage can accrue lo the working
clam st s result of such legalstion. Ia California, for instance, a universal
eight-hour law csme withia eleven volet of passing in the Cauiornia Irgalaiuir
Sucb a law is already patted ia Australia sad other countries, sad such laws
will be pstted by various States with great rapidity in the near future. Ia
California, two yean ago, a law wat pstted establishing an tt*-k-bottr work
day for women, sad the present legislative tettion appointed a 1 iinsiiiiiiiii to
investigate the wages paid to women with the view of enacting at the seat
tettion a minimum wage law for women.
Such legrilabon by a capitalist State it a plain admission of the power of
the State to control capitalist properly. In fact, such legislation it laying the
foundation to undermine tbe power of tbe capitalist class, not only in the control,
but even in the ownership of capitalist property. For if tbe State hat power
to say to the capitalist, "You shall only work your employees to many hours
per week." sad that "You shall pay your employees not lest thsa to many
dollars per week," it then logically follows that the power of the State eaa be
legally extended to the point where it can say. ia the interest of the tocial well-
being. "What it now capitalist property shall be the collective wtaftb of sll.
in order that all may be able to appropriate their share of all the tocial progress
of the part snd pretent"
In taking note of the class struggles between different factkua of the
propertied classes in the part, it is evident that the wealth of one class hat not
been shifted to another clan until tbe political power was lint -shifted, snd the
transformation of capitalist property into social wealth will take place by
shifting the pohtical power from the hands of tbe capitahst clan to the hands
of the working clan.
For that reason the Socialist Party endeavors to constitute a working
clan political party separate and distinct from all parties of tbe otpaalirt clan,
finally getting complete control of the pohtical power of the State sad nation.
"The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the worker it
rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the reins of government—
the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by political action. Tut it tbe
dan straggle.
The plane of power for working clan organization is in the political
field, and every extension of the franchise to the members of the working
clan assists tbem in the class struggle. Hence, tbe recent general strike in
Belgium for the extension of the working clan suffrage.
Tbe workers go into the bowels of the earth and bring out the precious
metals, but leave them all at the mine; they go into shoe factories and produce
shoes, but do not take any of the shoes home with them; they go into watch
factories and make watches, but do not take away a single watch with them.
In fact, tbe worken produce all wealth, but do not own any part of their
production. This is because the capitalists are organized not only industrially
but politically, and this political organization and political power of tbe capitalist clan enables them to maintain their ownership of the meant of production,
and tbe consequent power to appropriate the entire product of labor. If tbe
workers at a mill, shop, mine or factory sbould start home with the production
of their labor, tbey would be met with the political power of tbe capitalist clam
in the form of police, constabulary, militia, or the standing army. Knowing
this, the working clan quietly submits to ito exploitation at the point of productioa. and knowing this, the working dan hat already begun the process of
shifting the political power from the hands of the capitalist clan to itt own
I waa one time riding horse-back on s lonely and uninhabited trail through
s prairie ia western Texas. After tiding all day long without seeing a living
soul, late in the afternoon I sighted a horseman in the distance coining from
the opposite direction. I decided that as soon as we met I would stop him.
rest awhile, and have a little social chat We finally met, but no sooner had
we dismounted than he drew two six-shooters, and covering me said: "Throw
up your hands." I looked at him and then at his six-shooters, snd proceeded
to throw up my hands, not because he had a wife and family at home dependent upon him, 01 for any other benevolent reason, but because hit tix-thootert
were loaded and he meant business. He proceeded to take what I had that
be wanted and rode leisurely off. There wat no blood spilled, no ground torn
up. nor was any wordy argument necessary. The argument wat all on his
side. The separation took place just at quietly as a funeral or a wedding s~*
ceremony might take place. Why was there no resistance on my part during
the whole proceeding, so peaceful and quiet Because that fellow wat
thoroughly organized, and counting his two six-shooters there were three of bim
to one of me. He.was not only thoroughly organized, but organized oa the
plane of power.
When the working clan hat shifted the political power now in the
hands of the economic matters into itt own hands, the transformation of capitalist property into collective wealth can be legally and peaceably accompbthed.
We have already pointed out that the political method it. by the very
nature of things, the only method compatible with the intellectual development
of modern times, for the very good reason that clan antagonism m present
society can only be ended when the material and intellectual developiaent hat
prepared the way for th* appearance of the higher social relations of a tocial
democratic society, and the intellectual development necessary to make ponible
these higher social relations, in ito procen of preparation has produced the
political method as the means to be used in tocial trantformation.
To enter, then, into the concrete dan struggle, organize on the bstit of
political dan action—organize every precinct; that is the only way you can
organize a city, a ttate, a province or a nation. As soon as the working dan
learnt how to organize an efficient and powerful working class political parly,
based upon the fundamental tenets of sodal democracy, just so soon wdl it
discover and travel the way to power.
(The End.)  * 	
"Modern life baa no more tragical
figure than the gaunt, hungry laborer wandering about the crowded centers of Industry snd wealth, begging
In vain for permiatton to share ln
tbat Industry and contribute to that
wealth; asking, ln retutrn, not the
comforts and luxuries of civilized lite,
but the rough food and shelter for
himself snd family which would be
practically secured to him tn the rudest form ot savage society."—John
Croatia (I.S.)—Twenty families have
been rendered homoless through a lire
in a Croatian village. Th* government came to their rescue, and
granted them- si written permission
to beg.
It to remiirkat'le how easily some of
the working ''lass can be tooled. Tbe
price of living in raised 80 p*r cent
and the workers are given an Increase
of 15 per cent. Then they have the
nerve to tell us they are getting a
ralse.-~Ex I 1
,, of as*tl**a Oaaptani
The story la aupaofl-Hi to be published about seven centuries hence,
and copied from MSB. found In (he heart of an old oak at Wake Robin
Jjodge, and puntert to be written by Avia averbard, wife of Ernest
Bverhard. who MM hla life ln the flrst proletarian revolt in 1832. Tbey
tell of the failure of this flrst uprising of tha workera, which was suppressed by the U**>rou*l*l> organized and merciless coercive forces of
(he ruling ollgaHaVy of thst time. They tell also of a aecond revolt in
contemplation, wbich, ln the opinion of the authoress, .will prove a
success. This, toe, proved to be a failure, and iPl. suppose*! to ba at
the time of thla second suppression of tha workara that the MSS. war*
deposited by the OeeiBg Avis Bverhard.
Tha story opene with the account of the flrst meeting between
Avla and Ernest Bverhard. which takes place In her father's home In
the year lilt, wh** ha la Invited to a dinner at which the majority of
those present ara clerics. During the repast. Braest Is drawn Into th*
nversatlon of ta* parsons, who rather look upon htm with disdain,
them fearlessly and clearly, and In tha verbal
-™Jl* more than able to bold his ground. Bishop
ate one of the clerics who expresses hi* wtUu*a?*ss
champion of the cause of labor. He la again pree-
"* of Bverhard'* second visit, whan Avia accuses
class hatred ln a book which ha haa written,
during the conversation define, tha difference
' and "the class-struggle."
i ths Bishop to follow him through th* Indus-
ards expose tbe condltlona which he will flnd
to do so will raault In his dlacha
S nversatlon
owever,  he  ,
battle he ahowa
Morehouse la I
to again meet
ant oa the
Ernest  of
Thla  he den
between ,
Finally ha
trial hall, and
there, warning
Church. Avtr
her attention
denda derived
wears ara
appears at _
ing a load of
Jackson, who
arm la the rau,,
posal of tha miL
man, etc ha was
Investigate* lit*
sufltcint proa* of
opinion oi
wealthy aad
that hs will
..,..,« wn mat to ae so wlll raault la his discharge from the
Avia ****** ta the assistance of the Bishop, and Ernest calls
tlon to the fact that she and her fat.ier are living off dlvl-
-ived item the Sierra Mills, and that the vary clothes she
l  rtrtnw****.   _..-.   u.—..   --.—*
Mills, and that ths very'efothe
,,iu human blood,
in the conversation caused by his remark*, there
of the house a large, poorly diaased man oarry-
"d bamboo handiwork. Erneat points him out aa
y worked In the Slsrra MIUs until be loat hi*
and. owing to tha smart legal talent at the die-
re, and the concocted evidence of the mill fore-
eated In hla attempt to gain compensation. Avis
- on her own account, and receive* more thaa
•lavish position of all the mill workera aad the
tat Sick aad shuddering from ber experiences, hsr
undergoes a change.
tad to address the Philomaths, a club of the moat
■•-circles on the Pacific Coast, the expectation being
team with good eport   The expectation ia not real-
apa^tacuT et*i8* ^^^^^.Sl**2*il^*rP** '^^tpBaTii tbe
deflant --'--*s*+-*—"
ing revolution portrayed to thenrTn* Bverhard'.
Th* MrwhlM'tsraakera
It was just befbrs Brneat ran for
OsngreM, on th* "axteliat ticket, that
father gave what ■ke/artvateiy called
Ms "ProOt and to**1* Sinner.   Ernest
called It the dinner et the Machine
Bnakers.    In poiat of fact, it
as***iy a dinner for Twainess men—
aMMst buainess  maa. of course.     1
ftoaat if one of thaat waa Interested
te any business "the total capitalisation of which   excaaded   a   hundred
;|aeusand  dollar*.    Tb*y  were  truly
3p*-pre**ntative   ralMte-ctess   business
m         i
I    1
'.'  '
H    t
m        \
1      f
5;   ''
1      1
*     1
E      i.
..There wa* Owen, of Sllverberg, Ow-
,, si a\ Company—a targe grocer*- firm
Wftb   several   branch   stores.    We
''.'moogbi out grocerie* •from them. There
w**r* both partners of the big drug
in* of Kowalt ft Washburn, and Mr.
AaaMQisen, the owner of a large gran-
fter eaarry tn  Conte* Costa County.
AsH -there wer* maar *tmllar men,
owaars or part-owaar* In small fac-
; tort**, small buala***** and small tn-
dustries—small ia**iteltet*. in short.
Thev were shrewd-fac-sd, interesting
saea, and they <°alkarj with simplicity
aad ctearn***.   Theteananlmous com-
ptetet wa* against th*  corporations
•ad trusts.    Their creed waa, "Boat
tb* Trusts."   Alt oppression origlnat-
-aff tt the trusts, snd one and all told
th* aaaie tale ot WO*.   They advocst-
Si   government   owaatabip   of   such
trusts aa the railroaSjBfaad telegraphs,
aad excessive tacoi-ite taxes, graduated
wtth ferocltv, to doarroy large accu-
rastetlons.   Likewise thay advocated,
aaacure for local ills, municipal own-
etablp of sucb public Jrtiiltie. aa water
gas, telephones, and Btreet railways.
Bspecially lntareatlfig was Mr. As-
muBsen's narrative of bis tribulations
S* a Quarry owner.   He confessed that
he never made any proita out of his
eaarry. and this, te Spite of the enor-
mon*  volume  of bseto***  that had
been caused by the eVatraction of San
Praacisco by the. big aBrthauake.   For
Six year the rebuitdteg of San Fran-
- etsco bad been going oa. and his bus!-
ne*s ***-** quadrupled Bas" octupled, and
yet he wss no better••*■*"
"The railroad kn**rs** asy business
hut a little bit better ithan I do," he
aaid. "It knows my operating expenses to a cent, and it knows the terms
ef say contract*. H«W it knows these
thtegs I csn only guess.It must have
sptes in my employ, sad It must have
■■"^^^^^^^^^ pit my con*
I place a
which favor
freight rate
lly raised. No
JFbe  railroad
aach clrcum-
ed tn get-
rite raise.
tbere have
expenses of
***■.» :tm
to the partis*
beets.  For look y
hag eont-rsct, the "
at*, a goodly .
from my quarry Is,
explanation  Is maa
fste my pwflt.   Itsi
.stances I h*v« sever
tteg the railmad tor
On the other hanaV
b**a •c-sdeats,      .„_»     . 	
epsratlng, or conttsete with less prc-
, itebie term*, 1 hava always, succeeded
te getting tb* -fallrcia* to lower its
rate.   Wbst Is th* ffshltt   Urge or
small, the railroad always gets my pro-
-**__. ■ '*%
"■"what remain*   to  yoa   over  and
•hsve," Braest   teteftoBtod   to   ask.
"woul-i rotighjy Jbe -*aa-'a*)alratettt' of
yomr salary a* a maBsaar did the r*n-
:'M4 owh tli* tmarry.**;.
>^JS?*** tsrr thiag," *StL:tUmmBeii re-
.flted    "Oaly a *boft ite*a ago I bad
y books gam* terasah ter the past
teayaan.   I dteeovefai thst for those
'i-BiJia waQ, BS** owned
y «af hteM-SM t* faa It."
^^^       Ernest
.woald hsve bad
-sil^whlch you ao
-Aaawnsen snswer-
,hs*e -heir say, Er-
questtoes right and
etor* her* in
noticed tbat
hsve gone
yew* branch
"One of them, Mr. Haasfnrther, haa
charge cow of our prescription department," wa* the answer.
"And you absorbed the profits they
had been making?"
Surely. That ts whst we sre In business for."
And your   Ernest said suddenly
to Mr. Asmunsen.   "Tou sre dlsgust-
wa8 ed because the railroad has absorbed
yonr profltsf
Mr. Asmunsen nodded.
"And what you want is to make profits yourself?"
Again Mr. Asmunsen nodded.
"Out of others?"
There wss no answer.
"Out  of others?"  Ernest  Insisted.
"Thst ts the way profits are made,"
Mr. Asmunsen replied curtly.
"Tben the business game is to make
profits out of you.   That's it, isn't it?"
Ernest hsd to repeat his question before Mr. Asmunsen gave answer, and
then be said:
"Yes, that's It, except tbat we do not
object to the others making profits so
long as tbey sre not extortionate."
"By extortionate you mean large;
yet you do not object to making large
profits yourself? . . .   Surely not?"
And Mr. Asmunsen amiably confessed to the weakness. There was oae
other man who was qulxsed by Ernest
at this Juncture, a Mr. Calvin, wbo had
once been a great dairy-owner.
"Some time ago you were fighting
the Milk Trust," Ernest ssid to him;
"and now you are in Orange politics.
How did It happen?"
Oh, I haven't quit the fight," Mr.
Oslvin answered, and he looked belligerent enough. "I'm fighting the
Trust on the only field where It Is
possible to fight—the political field.
Let me show you. A few yeara ago
we dairymen had everything oar own
"But you competed among yourselves?"  Ernest. Interrupted.
"Tea, that was what kept the profits
down. We did try to organise, but
Independent dairymen always broke
through us. Tben came the Milk
Financed hy surplus capital from
Standard Oil," Ernest said.
Yes," Mr. Calvin acknowledged
"But we did not know it at the time
It's agents approached ue with a club.
'Come In and be fat,' waa their proposition, 'or stay out aad starve.'
Most of as came in. Those that
didn't starved. Oh, it paid ua . . . at
flrst Milk was raised a cent a quart
One-quarter of this cent csme to us.
Tbree-quartera of it went to the
Trust. Then milk ws* raised another
cent, only we didn't get any of that
cent Our complaints were useless.
The Trust wa* In control. We discovered tbat we were pawns. Finally,
the additional quarter of a cent was
denied us. Then the Trust began to
squeeze ns ont What could we do?
We were squeezed oat There were
no dairymen, only a Milk Trust"
"But witb -milk two cants higher, I
should think you could have competed," Ernest suggested slyly.
"So we thought We tried It." Mr.
Calvin paused a moment "It broke
us. The Trust could put milk upon
the market more cheaply than we. It
wjvM sell sifll at a alight profit when
we were selling at actual loss. 1
dropped fifty thousand dollars la tbat
venture. Most of us went bankrupt
The dairymen were wiped out of existence."
"So the Trust took your profits swsy
from you," Ernest aaid, "aad you've
gone into politic* In order to legislate
the Trust out of existence and get tbe
profits back?' I
Mr. Calvin's fsc* lighted ap. "That
ts precisely wbat I ssy ta ray speeches
to th* farmers. That's oar whole
Mes ta S nutshell."
"And yet the Trust produce* milk
more cheaply thsa could th* independent dairymen?" Ernest qaerted.
"Why shouldn't tt, with th* splendid
orgaataatlon and -a*w machinery Ito
large capital make* possible?"
"There Is no discussion," Ernest
answered. "It certainly should, aad.
furthermore, It does."
Mr. Calvta here launched out teto •
political speech In exposition of his
; views.   H*-—aa warmly followed by a
number of tb* others, aad the cry of
all was to destroy tke trust*.
"Poor simple folk," Braest said to
me tn an undertone, "Tb*y toe
clearly as tar as t**r see, bnt tbey
see only to tb* ends of thdr noses."
*. llttl* later he got th* Boor again.
Statin U* -Jharactorsstie way eon
*H*Sasd It**
tbat interferes somehow with the aim
of creation, an J the only way out aa it
seems to you, Is to destroy that wbich
take* from you your profits.
"I bave listened carefully, and tliere
Is only one name that wlll epitomise
you.   I shall call you that same. You
are machlne-breakera   Oo you know
what a machine-breaker is?   Let me
tell you.   In the eighteenth century, in
England, men and women wove cloth
on hand-looms ta their own cottages.
It waa a alow, clumsy, and costly way
•f weaving cloth, thl* cottage system
of   manufacture.    Along   came   the
steam engine and labor-saving machinery.   A thousand looms aasembled ln
a large factory, and driven by a central  engine wove cloth vastly more
cheaply than could the cottage weaver* oa their hand-looms.   Mere tn the
factory waa combination, and before
It competition faded away.   The men
and women who had worked the hand-
looms for themselves now went Into
the factories aad worked the machine-
looms, not for themselves, but for tht-
capitallst owners.   Furthermore, little
children went to work on the machine
looms, at lower wages, and displaced
the men.   This made hard time* for
the men.   Their standard of    living
fell.   They starved.   And they said lt
wa* all th* fault of th*   machine*
Therefore they   proceeded to break
the machine*.   They did not succeed,
and they were very stupid.
Yet yoa have not "earned their lesson. Her* are you, a century and a
half later, trying to break machines
By your own cenfassion tb* trust ms
chines do the work mote efficiently
aad more cheaply tbaa you can.
That 1* why yoa cannot compete witb
them. And y*t you would break those
machines. Yea ar* even more stupid
than the stupid workmen of England.
Aad white yoa maunder about -restoring competition, the trust* go on
destroying yoa.
"One and all   yon   tell tbe same
story—th* passing away of competition aad the coming ob of combination
You. Mr. Owen, destroyed competition
her* ta Berkeley wbaa your branch
•tor* drove tbe tbree small groceries
out of bualness.     Yonr combination
waa more effective.   Yet yoa feet the
i pressure of   other   combinations on
you. the troat combinations, and you
ery out   It is because yoa are not a
trust   If yoa were • grocery trust
for the whom    United    State*,  you
would be singing another song.   And
th* song would be, 'Biassed sre the
trusts.'   And yet again, not only is
your small combination not a trust,
but you are aware yourself of Its lack:
of strength   You are beginning    to
divine your own *ad.   You feel yoitr-
make water run up hill than can you
cause the tide of economic evolution
to flow back in Its chanuel along Noway lt came. Joshua made the sun
t-iiuid still upon Oibeon, but you would
outdo Joshua. You would make the
sun go backward in the sky. You
would have time retracn its steps from
noon to morning.
In the face of labor-suving machinery, of organised production, of th(<
increased efficiency of combination,
you would set tbe economic sun tinck
a whole generation or ho to tha time
when there were no great capitalists,
no great machinery, no railroads-a
time when a host of little capitalists
warred with each other In economic
anarchy, and wben production was
primitive, wasteful, unorganlxed and
costly. Believe me, Joshua's unit
was easier, aud be bad Jehovah to
help blm. But Ood has forsaken you
small capitalists. The sun of the small
capitalist*   is  setting.   It  wlll  never!.	
rise again.   Nor is It In your power j 'ear nf want that haunts the Jobless
Ih like manure, it's only good when
ttpresd out.
Therefore. I say unto you my despondent preacher, lsy aside your
sombre garb, your long cost and tang
face. 8lng us a new song, a song of
lite, a Ming of heaven on earth. Sing
us of spring lamb and green peas, of
beefsteak and mushrooms, ot ro***
and roasts.
Preach us a new sermon, a sermon
of tbe miner toiling and dying down
In the mine dlfglug black diamonds
to buy sparkling gums for my lady's
white neck. Preach us a sermon of
the child in the mill wbo gives th*
roses of her cheeks to fill the vase*
in un iiili-r's hall. Preach to us of tb*
mother In the cotton field, the suiter
dolorosa of the Sunny South, dragging
from dawn to dark her weary loag
through the endless snowy iWie to
buy silk gowns for other men's wives.
Teach us of labor unrepsid. preach n*
of toilers unili-rfe.l. preach us of th*
A Good p|
**•»** fag.
Best of Ev
va St
ythkw (a
even to make It stand still You are
perishing, and you are doomed to
perish utterly from the tare of society.
"This is tbe f.ai of evolution, lt is
the word of Ood. Combination is
stronger than competition. Primitive
man was a puny creature hiding in
the crevices of tbe rocks Me combined and made war upon his ramlv
man In the city streets. l*end your
voices to labor's cause. Become soldiers In the world-wide revolutionary
war. lin your share tn tbe struggle
(or the emancipation of th* tolling
masses. Serve the exploited a* yoa
have served the exploiter*. Thaa
when life's evening shadows fait, yo*
shall   not   go   begging   at   *"*rneai*t
U Reading TW
*^**n«»  -..cures   0eni
Tb* a*. Wolf, Jack ■,;„.„--
tea Ulan*,, j. M. Gf.„    -
tveli-Uo-- of Man, H,Kk^      *M
Tit PMpie's Boabtm
orous enemies'     They'were "competl -j kitchen duo r    Art d we will net
tive beasts. Primitive man was a
combinative beast, and because of It
he rose to ptimscy over all the
animals. And man has been achl.-v
ing greater and greater combinations
ever since. It Is combination versus
competition, a thousand centuries
long struggle. In which competition
has always been worsted. Whoso enlists on tbe side of competition
(To be Continued.)
you, but bless you aud feed you with
y*t**wlagged chicken* until you lay
your tired head* down to sleep.—
Oscar Ameringer.
"Shall we shoot old preachers?"
Several   aged   ministers  attending
the   Rock   River  conference  at   the
First Methodist Church sst bolt upright ta their seats when Rev. Oeorge
P.  Eckman.  editor  or tbe  Chrtatian
Advocate of   New   York,   asked   tbe
question.   They blinked hard and in
union when he repeated It:
"Shall we shoot old preachers?"
A general sigh of relief was beard
when he offered hts explanation.
"We might as well shoot them." he
said, "as let them starve on the pitiably small incomes which some of
them have. Shooting tbem would be
more humane. They have served long
and useful lives. Why should their
last   days
Ar* inhabited by **eepi* Mateiialtetie
In Th.lr Taste*.
(From the Calgary Daily Herald.)
Wben the plain truth is writtas, tt
muat be stated tbat the magnlBOMt
prairies are Inhabited In large mesa
ure by people who are vary matertal-
Istlc In tbelr taste* and thinking fa
the hurry and excitement of "maklag
good" on the homeetead, th. finer sensibilities are frequeatly dulled, aad
many forget thai worthy cltiieashtp is
not simply a matter of making a living, but of living a Ufe. We a**d
more frequently to be reminded that
"man does not live by bread aloe*"—•
tbat we bave other need* than tb*
more vulgar necessity of three meals
n day. and a place to sleep at night
The farmer and hi* wife wbo decide tbat so far as their hottsa Is coo-
cerned the esthetic, the beautiful, th*
love of truth and Innocent fun, tb*
comradeship of worthy booka tb*
gladness or musk, the mirth of laugh
ter, the mysterious awe which romes
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ be   spent   ln   want   and
self and your branch store* a pawn in' auffering?*' . of er y,,^ who uk0 iinm to nry .j"*^
th* game   You aee the powerful In-i    **r *lT: •?**** w** ,he .pr'.n*'"2"*'1   Nature's wonderland-we a«y that th*
toreats    rising   snd    grow leg more! ******* the *nnlversary of the So* ! —
mistake ^^^^^^^^_^_^_—
Tbere are many farm borne* to
which too f-r-eat a premium Is put
upon that quality of character which
fs misnamed "industry
powerful day by day; you feel their; \**+J* .fS'l"! SSSS th<"*e thiB«» *** ***i*i*t**" *-* ***'•
mailed hands descending upon   your "•*"_, ^L^? ™fZ- i*a-aZ2?nel? »bI**-~«"'» ****** ** **>«** ***** *
profit, and taking a pinch here and a ****** i^K^M. a-rforn.
plncb there-tbe railroad trust, the oil IflSJr^JE** *°° ° '
trust the steel trust the cost trust; j BCt,ve **r)*\.
and you know that to tbe end they j CbH« 0f>0" Carftegl*.  ^^^^^^^^^^^
wilt destroy you, take sway from you "Why doesn't Carnegie, while be I* i* misn*mi-d "industry." Tbe father
the laat per cent, of yonr Utile profits.! building his libraries sad pensioning takes pride in the fart thai his boys
"You. sir are a poor gamester ' college professors, endow superannu- are everlastingly -m tbe grindstone
When yoa' sausesad out th* three \ *>ed preachers?" he asked. "During | from dawn to dark, and that tbey
small grocarie* here in Berkeley by j tbelr active lives preacher* receive ( bare no time for "gadding." He pride* -
virtue of your superior combination jleM moaey than college profewors himself that tbey sre "hard work**-*,",
you Bwali-wt ant *<**•» *•■*•*•*■     •-""■ •' *** tb*r* ar* infinitely more demands, And yet bis sons sre mere drudge*
upon their Incomes for charities, i They may hold the record for * big
Tbelr live* *re more strenuous; tbey J day's atooking. but they know nothing
wear out more quickly, When they I about book* or flower*, or the retsss*
stop preaching their meagre salaries, tlon of an Idle day with a fishing rod.
stop altogether. They are much more j Tbey paas by. unnoticed, the sunlit
deserving ss s elsss than school j ripples and tbe cool, deep shadows of
teachers. If Carnegie hasn't the time i the farm brook: they never loch Up
to do tt Mr. Rockefeller would do Just i tn behold tha glory of the sunset;
ss wall. | they know not the running ways of
"Mea of wealth should see that they j the bet*, nor the wonderful world of
owe their wealth to Christian preach- plant life about tbelr feet; they are
ers. Christianity ia tbe only thing Just common drudges, working ail Say
that keep* the great maaae. of poor [ long in Ood". wonderful laboratory,
people from assaulting thc rich and i but with eyes that ar* holden tbat
tearing from them their riches. An j tbey may sot aee.
endowment would not be a charity. It j Wa make no plea for mere Idling,
woald be a .mall payment on.a large j Pure indolence I. always a crtBM. Asd
debt" w * i frequently It lead*   to  other  crimen
about eiBcieacy aad enterpriae, and
sent your wife to Europe on the profit* you had gained hy eating up the
three small groceries. It Is dog est
dog, and yoa ate them up. But on
tbe other hand, yo* are being eaten up
to lorn by the bigger dogs, wherefore
you squeal. And wbat 1 aay to you is
true of all of you at this table. Yoo
are all -squealing. You are nil playing
the losing game, and you are ail
squealing about It
"But when you squeal you don't
■tat* the 4110(0108 aptly, aa I bave
stated It You don't say that you like
to squeeze profits out of others, and
that you are making all tbe row because others are squeezing your profits out of you. No, you are too
cunning for tbat Yon say something
else. You make small-capitalist
political speeches such a* Mr. Calvin
mad*. What did he say? Here are a
few of his phrase* I caught: 'Our orl
steal principles «re all right' 'What
thla country requires ts a return to
fundamental American method.—free I
opportunity for all,' The spirit of
liberty in which thla nation wa* born.'
'Let ns return to the principles of oar
"When h* says 'free opportunity for
all,' he mesas fre* opportunity to
squeese profits, which freedom of op
portunity ts now denied him by the
great trusts. Aad the absurd thing
about it Is that you . hsve repeated
these phrases so often that you believe tbem. Tou want opportunity to
plunder your fellowmen In your own
small way, but yon hypnotize yourselves into thinking you want freedom.
You are piggish aad acquisitive, but
tb* magic of yoar phrase* lead* you to
believe that yeu sr* patriotic. Your
deeire for profits, which Is sheer
selfishness, yon metamorphose into
altruistic sclldtude for Mtfertng
humanity. Cobm on now, right here
amongst osrsslvs*, aad be honest for
oae*. l*ook th* matter tn the face
aad state It ta direct term*."
Thar* were flushed snd angry face,
at th* table, cad withal a measure of
awe. Th*y w*r* * little frightened at
thl* smooth-faced young fallow, aad
th* swing aad amash of hi* words, sad
hts dreadful trait of catling a anode a
spade.   Mr. Calvin promptly replied.
"And wby not?*' he dema*id»d.
"Why oaa w« not return to the ways
of our fathers wben this republic wss
fotJiMted? You bav* spoken much
truth, MT. Bvefkard. unpalatable
though tt haa ban. But here
amongst ot*r**tv*a wtu .peak out
let a* threw aa all dtagula* aad accept th* truth aa Mr. Bverhard bas
flatly stated It It » true that we
.matter capitalist, ar* after profits,
snd thst the tnat* st* taking our
profit* Sway from us/ It Is tru* that
w« waat te destroy the trust* In order
tbat oar profit* m*y remain to us.
Aad why eaa w* not de ltr Why not?
I ssy, why not?"
Vancouver Island
(Alberni District)
labor Temple Bldf,
Tfaasoawr, S. ft
Phone Seymour 1|<B
The strike is .till on »t tte
Qumb Mine. Kli-..|. c^i, j^
C, also Silver ti.,j|»r, g,-'
11 C
•*-*■ warklagmen are urfsd u
-stey swsy until this strike b
assail suuti'N
taanuiB roa km.
aaaaU*ooa »«i .ssscr
ii. rv-i *.*.
SAJ«lCAT<v>.\ W**m*BBM
"Th* wily s.x-1 iii BC u-tm
af all Order* R«-r*iv,- I'.-ti-npt
Ml Doe-inio! H>:    ing
~aasoe«-*r. a c
_   ,,«,   «,',-  at  ...lUlllJ.     IT W(    ^^^^___^_^^^^^^*-***•»   —nmrnm.
would be a small payment on.a large. Pure indolence I. alwar* a crtst*. Aad
debt" i frequently It lead*   to  „
Ruling classes have u*ed the organ j worse eves than Itself.   But there la
I ted church a. aide partner. In tbe { no indolence In aa hour now aad then
esploltatlon of the manses ever since | with the children la gathering,
the  grey   dawn  of   history.    When' ■»**• »-* -*-■- **-
'Pharaoh   took   the   land   from   tbe
Egyptian* he took good rare not to
molest tbe priests In the possession of
their land*.   He needed them ln his
business. And long before Pharaoh it
waa the "big chief" and tbe "medicine
man." tbe "eaaalbal king" and tbe
"hoodoo  doctor"  that   hornswoggted
tb* dear people la partnership.
"Obey yonr king and master, the
Ood  anointed,"  chanted  tbe priests
when kingcraft ruled    "Be meek and
humble.   Do not mind the miserable. .,  .„ .»« -w-*—
hovel you live ln acre below, for on Nor-West Farmer
the other side are man*/ mansions. It
is true you ar* too poor to wear a
ragged cap on your sojourn through
thla vale of tesrs, but Just keep your
•y*a oa th* gold.n crown awaiting
you on reader aide. To .lop (wound
tbe mire of tbe cow lot may be some
what dl.agrc-asble, but tb* more .lopping th* *ur*r sre your chance, for
flitting over th* golden street. In tb*
■weet by-sad-by. Maybe you'd rather
aee your old lady .Ittlng st th* pl.no
thsa standing over the wsshtub, but
my! won't you be proud some day
seeing ber sitting on a damp cloud
picking 'Everybody's Dr<ing It' oa a
golden harp."  Thus ran* the song.
Y*s, It au b**n on* of tb* minion.
ot our ecclesla.tk.l brethren to keep
the mass** contented and submissive
harm k.1— —*	
The Iron Heel
 .  —  ...Hv.iim,  a-sas-
ing and admiring tb* prairie (tower*;
In *a effort to surround tb* beea*
with trees and shrubs, aad other
things of beauty; and, to • word, jte
llv* in compsntosshlp wltb the term.
regarding it not merely for It* **••-
canary value, but *l*o tor Ha dallght-
f«l association, and eonMaat round of
interest aad nrprtes.
There ar* some families wbo (really
own their f.rm and enjoy It: hut thor*
are other fsmllie. who think thay owa
a farm, but wh*. In reality are owned
hy tt, ead bav* become it* .lav*.—
Haa tl»—■    *^^^^^^^^^^
The above Is tb* title ef a splesdld
work by Herman 8chleuter, and pah*
netted hy the Socialist Literature Co.,
'S Sprue* 8treet, New York City,
(price one dollar, poatag* Ite). Cam-
rade Schleuter, the brilliant editor of
the great Oerm.a ftoeialtet paper,
Th* Mew fork VotksssUsne.'' hss to
this scholarly work, added s chapter
to tbe true hlatory of oar oseatry, le-
vealed la tbe clear white light of <•*-©■
nomic Interprautioa. Th* parpea* at
th* work aa stated by tb* author I*
"to throw light oa ta* position taken
by th* working claas sad tb* later*
national   labor  mov*m*nt   rasardtag
(By J.ik  Loa-i'-ii
Otott*   *****   cope*   ot   this,
(real**<    mark,   csn
Sew be obtained from t*vt offit*.
ht outward aaaearsne* it cem<
favorably  mix* »n, tioon
•a tit* m*rfc*L
T* Locals, *•*«.
To individual*. I
The Dominion K«**-*il!»* n»v* im f* <
literature  for  sal-      lublluM
To  ln-llrtf- '
I.....I.   u»l«
I e i I no n-oft
f - M     ite   !
i. '.••     l*t
x*y ta* »aro>
P. ot c
Mealfaoto a ..
Wh-Ua-i ar-etallam*
H-M-taJlsm    am!    ihr    s.n-
»l»al  of  tbe  Ittti-*!     J   ...
Otswjell)   ...  If
Th* War  ta Fewer  (J   n
Oakorae) : •«
•orlsllsai ami Unlo-itsm* "•
tee per desert
MrwMte  fer   Rslstenr**        I ""
tl* per
State  aad  Oosernmeni'
_, It* per -U-e»n.
v.lae. Price Mid ProS''
lee per *••»—,
-IClipreaa clt-irgaa sdde.1
I **
or Bvvristt
ia. Pel
|u to
.      ll
.      .10
I no
Canslltutloaa  ______^
. (Above prices par 10'"
Jeclfit net-Ira .,*__.     l"-«
r.ii*a| B.sk.      :!'•■
jrcanis**-.' lUport Hi"-'
Potty Ballon*       > >"
I" nd
.,      IO"
.,   I.It<*-*■•"
Yes bav* a Una
titstt'yoa re'ttea at Sll.   Tea awTis th* midst of a
Mm^pgltraoanim step*   sow   la woaomlc
'•miim ~:mm**,n> A.™.r'ttr;ie*im,*»>'*m*'., ■
.    „        .   ...      - . —■      -aa, BOW w* come to tb* gist of
for the rest of th**v*atog. the   atatter,-   Brn**t   sate   with   a
"I bav* IisteS*4 caMfsfly to sll of ptossad MpraMlon.   "I'D try te tell
rotJ," be began, "aSi I *•• plainly yoa why aat, though tb* teilteg wilt
that you play th* btuto**. gate* ta -M tattwr hard.  Yoa at*, yoa tellews
ta* ortbodo-t fMhiOB.   Ufe suiiw ttMlt bav* *tadt*d *   '
■,,,,,*-**T*-,*-,*-'-'-'-■-■-■-*^ Baaasaa.   _.    J"  ■*-
la a small way,
 m. ■.--f—a* ».« m .»Bsiaast ■ *r*g*f*
but yea havs Bet atndted social •vota*
(traiai   **.*   All        .*•»*•__.    —-    --     *- - -     -
bst Jjos do set ttadarstend
*'- wbat cassss an the con-
■vmxAT#Amt    m   mgtanfi
...   -_     _*     —■ami      -aaBWf
mighty; they bav* dres.ed In
--.wn. sad besa th* booa oompsnlons
of kings and princes. . A chosen few
ar* even today basking In tbe golden
•nn of Ill-gotten wealth, associating
wtth upper crest, living la pslace. snd
riding, In sutotnoblls*. But tb*** sf*
few—mighty tew.
Tbs ordinary run of preacbars have
Indeed a hsrd lot. Bat eh**r up, g.n-
ttemen. th* worst Is yst te cobm. A*
yo»r Influence over the mass** Is
wsglng, so th* crumb* from the table
of Diva* sr* diminishing. And It
must be admitted that the old song of
renunciation has lost Its ch.rm. The
working people no longer believe that
some m*n *re cra.ted wltb boots snd
spurs, snd other, with saddles on
tbelr b.cks. Tbay doubt thst It Is th*
will of Ood tbat the** who toil the
meet shall hsve the least, while those
who work th* least shall have the
We no loas*s look upon the world
sa s vat* ef tears, bnt as a world tell
ot rases, sssahln*, essg and leva. A
world of toy. of smites asd h*ppis*M,
with pltmty to sst, to drtok sad wasr
for all,  But	
PO-fTsiNT-At *■« ITI..r -- r.-t,*
room cabin spsrtment*, f«.rriM*h. d --p
hou*ekeeplng.    Sinks,    f*'""
light, vast • and 9 dollars i-i
000 SAID.
toward* th* tabor at-natioa an*
?«r»_w!^I ***** ct^Trh^who^
ready bav* read Osesl's HW*iltan to
"-.i-hleutar"* work a •Plradat eontinu  -
****** ^***f ottnVZmSZ By Covington.i"
l?-_Si %i_?i •**•'«|»eevs(rtss of Co*     Yeu tlm «* with hnw
tefahaa ihtoxab tb* flrat put of tne **** stekstyour petidcu-
_f *-!!__*. T**1?"   *»**ster takes    Year piteet*' snd preachers
u* tar**usa th* thlrty*y*ar °_et_l ot l_
txlm*?!!.*-^*!*^^ ***** «rth* ""•j;'."
Itl'i  I'lentr,
       __ nm totted'
»e* that th* local llbrsries
' opie* st os**,
Oriter from tbe publtsbsts
»ne Blpetew. pw"":
{*; .™«-^.rrtyM,m*1 ****** ***** **l* *** ■*** *nK <K
-i h»s«t?l,tl,l!" °* *£* ********* . 9** ***** «*■ >0,,r";
t.in. . -l_-if ^ .•!:d ****•" S I have attefl tb* earth wl
Jtlm'eJ. "**!*- * iBformsttee tar^iU    Bsve year brain. AU. '
sr from
waat caass* so tha ceo- -villi plraty toi aat iTaT. ,:?**' BANitt t, IVANS,
•WS'M^ mmM^ld&T&\*
CBBX   Tea asa ao more J of th. world aaasat athasBa^wKS *% ftJKiiJa fa? !2f*
Capitalism owns the Job of ths wark-
Ingm.n; th* worktagtnsa has eo toh
of hts own; some at thset imagis*
that tbay bav*, bnt tfc-*v most earrei*
ter It te cspltettsm when tt at osltes
ista*-*t year cry for savinrs
.■^■sa'aws-iteredln .vim;* j«'^ '
'•ete* eft -roar knees, yon i"1'*!, fr,'.-T.
Aad ISSrhlo THI.VK  and  HOHi
Uader lb* Au.plfi'i "-.
aSetellt-t Party of C.n.d«
Cot. Homer and H«**i"i*B
aett-raay, N*v. 97. » Pm*
ADMliSION.   "
**asSB**llWI****«l>»a»-as^ii. -.1 ■«'». ..siissi^wi iiii.w**a»*f-aai'isiiiii


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